Annual Regional Convention 2008 Mock CPA Board Examinations

THEORY OF ACCOUNTS 1. Which of the following statements is (are) true, for purposes of financial reporting in the Philippines? I. Philippine practice is to present in the balance sheet current assets before non-current assets, current liabilities before non-current liabilities; and equity accounts before liabilities II. Notes are normally presented in the following order: Significant accounting policies; statement of compliance of PRFSs; supporting information on items presented on the face of the financial statements; and lastly, other disclosures III. The IAS term ”Reserves” in present Philippine practice, may refer to revaluation increment, translation adjustments recognized in equity; unrealized gains and losses from available for sale securities recognized in equity. a. I and II only b. I and III only c. II and III only d. I, II and III 2. An entity purchases a building and the seller accepts payment partly in equity shares and partly in debentures of the entity. This transaction should be treated in the cash flow statement as follows: a. The purchase of the building should be investing cash outflow and the issuance of shares and the debentures financing cash outflows. b. The purchase of the building should be investing cash outflow and the issuance of debentures financing cash outflows while the issuance of shares investing cash outflow. c. This does not belong in a cash flow statement and should be disclosed only in the notes to the financial statements. d. Ignore the transaction totally since it is a non-cash transaction. No mention is required in either the cash flow statement or anywhere else in the financial statements 3. The scope of PAS 39 includes all of the following except a. Financial instruments that meet the definition of a financial asset b. Financial instrument that meet the definition of a financial liability c. Financial instruments issued by the entity that meet the definition of an equity instrument d. Contracts to buy or sell non-financial items that can be settled net.

4. Deposits in foreign countries which are subject to a foreign exchange restrictions should be a. Valued at current exchange rates and shown as current assets b. Valued at historical exchange rates and presented as noncurrent assets c. Valued at current exchange rates and presented as noncurrent assets / d. Valued at historical exchange rates and presented as current assets 5. What is the proper accounting for credit card sales if the credit card company is Affiliated with a bank Not affiliated with a bank a. Sale on account Cash sales b. Sale on account Sale on account c. Cash sale Cash sale d. Cash sale Sale on account 6. Losses which are expected to arise from firm and non-cancellable commitments for the future purchase of inventory items, if material should be a. Recognized in the accounts by debiting loss on purchase commitments and crediting estimated liability for loss on purchase commitments b. Disclosed in the notes c. Ignored d. Charged to retained earnings 7. Delta Corp. purchased 7,400 shares of Maiden Company’s common stock and classified it as available-for-sale. The purchase price was P362,000, which is equal to 50% of Maiden Company’s retained earnings balance. Maiden Company’s 46,000 shares of common stock are actively traded. Delta should account for this using the a. Cost method

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b. Equity method c. Cost method subject to fair value valuation in the balance sheet d. Market value method subject to fair value valuation in the balance sheet 8. Which of the following statements regarding Investment Property is (are) true I. An investment property shall be measured initially at its cost II. Transaction cost shall be included in the initial measurement of investment property III. With certain exceptions, an entity shall choose as its accounting policy either the fair value model or the cost model and shall apply such policy to all its investment property a. I and II only b. I and III only c. II and III only d. I, II and III

9. In determining the fair value of a biological asset for balance sheet purposes, which of the following should be considered? a. Price change b. Physical change c. Both price change and physical change d. Neither price change nor physical change 10. A company acquired some of its own common shares at a price greater than both their par value and original issue price but less than their book value. The company uses the cost method of accounting for treasury stock. What is the impact of this acquisition on total stockholders’ equity (TSE), and the net book value (NBV) per common share? a. SE – decrease ; NBV – increase c. SE – decrease; NBV – decrease b. SE – increase ; NBV – decrease d. SE – increase; NBV - increase 11. What is the measurement basis of an asset that is acquired in non-monetary exchange With commercial substance With no commercial substance a. Fair value of asset given up Carrying amount of asset given up b. Carrying amount of asset given up Carrying amount of asset received c. Carrying amount of asset received Fair value of asset received d. Fair value of asset given up Fair value of asset given up 12. Which of the following statements concerning borrowing costs is false? a. Borrowing costs generally include interest costs, bank overdrafts, amortization of discounts or premiums related to borrowings, finance charges with respect to finance leases. b. Borrowing costs are interest and other costs incurred by an enterprise in relation to borrowed funds. c. Per PAS 23, the benchmark treatment for borrowing costs is to capitalize it as part of the cost of the asset to which it relates. d. Borrowing costs include amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings, as well as exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent that they are regarded as an adjustment to interest cost. 13. Easy Builders Inc. is in the middle of a two-year construction contract when it receives a letter from the customer extending the contract by a year and requiring the construction company to increase its output in proportion of the number of years of the new contract to the previous contract period. This is allowed in recognizing additional revenue according to PAS 11 if a. Negotiations have reached an advanced stage and it is probable that the customer will accept the claim b. The contract is sufficiently advanced and it is probable that the specified performance standards will be exceeded or met. c. It is probable that the customer will approve the variation and the amount of revenue arising from the variation, and the amount of revenue can be reliably measured. d. It is probable that the customer will approve the variation and the amount of revenue arising from the variation, whether the amount of revenue can be reliably measured or not. 14. Under IAS 20, which of the following is permitted in recognizing an intangible asset acquired free of charge, or for nominal consideration, by way of a government grant? I. Recognize both the intangible asset and the grant initially at fair value.

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II. Recognize the asset initially at a nominal amount plus any expenditure that is directly attributable to preparing the asset for its intended use a. I only b. Either I or II, at the option of the acquiring enterprise c. II only d. Neither I nor II 15. PAS 20, Government Grants provide two approaches to accounting for government grants : (1) capitalization approach and (2) income approach. Arguments in support of the income approach include the following except: a. Government grants are considered earned through compliance with the condition and meeting envisaged obligations b. Government grants are receipts from a source other than shareholders or capital providers c. Government grants represent an incentive provided by the government without related costs. d. Government grants are considered as extension of fiscal policies similar to income and other taxes BUSINESS LAW & TAXATION 16. Holder H altered the amount of a negotiable note from P10,000 to P100,000 then negotiated the note to I. As a result: a. If I is a holder in due course, he can require the maker to pay P100,000 b. If I is not a holder in due course, he can require the maker to pay the sum of P100,000 c. I cannot require the maker to pay because of the forgery whether or not he is a holder in due course d. I is entitled to P10,000 if he is a holder in due course 17. To call a meeting for the purpose of removing a director of a corporation the required votes of the stockholders is: majority of the stockholders present ¾ of the outstanding capital stock 2/3 of the outstanding capital stock majority of the outstanding capital stock 18. Which of the following instruments is negotiable? a. “Pay to Bearer C P10,000.00” b. “Pay to C P10,000.00 or his order out of the rental of my house in Manila”. c. “Pay to C P10,000.00 and reimburse yourself out of the rental of my house in Manila”. d. “Pay to the order of C P10,000.00”. 19. Paolo contributed P50,000; Ronald contributed P75,000; and Paul contributed P25,000. Jay is the industrial partner. There is no stipulation regarding profits and losses. The partnership suffered a P300,000 loss. The loss shall be shared by the partners as follows: a. P100,000; P100,000; P100,000; and P0 b. P75,000; P75,000; P75,000; and P75,000 c. P100,000; P150,000; P50,000; and P0 d. P100,000; P100,000; P100,000; and P100,000 20. Case No. 1 – Pedro, the manager of XYZ Corporation, was promised of an increase in salary. To facilitate the payment of the promised increase, he prepared a board resolution and had it signed individually by a majority of the members of the Board of Directors. The treasurer of the corporation refused to pay the increase in salary stating that the resolution is not valid. Is the contention of the treasurer correct? Case No. 2 – Jose agreed to sell for a 10% commission the land of Maria worth P500,000. Accordingly, Jose looked for a buyer and found Pedro whom he introduced to Maria. Maria however told Jose and Pedro that she is no longer selling her land. Subsequently, Maria sold the land to Pedro for P500,000, without the knowledge of Jose. Jose upon learning of the sale, asked Maria for his commission. Is Jose entitled to the commission? a. YES; YES d. NO; YES b. YES; NO c. NO; NO

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21. 1st Statement – Melody bound herself to pay Lucas her indebtedness. This is evidenced by a promissory note stating therein the words “I promise to pay Lucas or order the amount of Php100,000”. Sgd. Melody. The instrument is non-negotiable. 2nd Statement – Mila gave Malou a check wherein the only item not filled up is the space for the amount. Mila instructed the payee to place the amount Php1,000 in the check. However, Malou placed therein Php100,000. Malou negotiated the check to Marissa who is a holder in due course. Marissa can hold Mila liable for P100,000. a. 1st statement is wrong, 2nd statement is correct b. 1st statement is correct, 2nd statement is wrong. c. Both statements are correct d. Both statements are wrong. 22. Maggie makes a promissory note for P40,000 payable to the order of Homer. Homer negotiates the note to Margie who indorses it to Henry. Henry indorsed the instrument to Melissa who with the consent of Henry raises the amount to P100,000 and thereafter indorses it to Hilary, Hilary to Menandro, and Menandro to Helen, who is a holder in due course. In this case a. Helen can recover P40,000 as against Maggie. b. Helen can recover P100,000 from Maggie. c. Menandro and Melissa are liable to Helen for P40,000 d. Maggie and Homer are not liable to Helen. 23. X-cited Limited partnership has X, as general partner, Y, as limited partner, and Z, as industrial partner contributing P150,000; P500,000; and services respectively. The partnership failed and after disposing all its assets to pay partnership debts there still remains an outstanding obligation in the sum of P120,000. The liability of the partners to the creditor will be as follows: a. X = P120,000 b. X and Z = solidarily liable for P120,000 c. X = P40,00 Y= P40,000 Z= P40,000 d. X = P60,00 Y= P0 Z= P60,000 24. Which among the following statements is not correct? a. The Bureau of Internal Revenue is part of the administrative machinery for the assessment and collection of internal revenue taxes. b. The Bureau of Customs is also charged with the collection of internal revenue taxes. c. The local government units, such as the municipalities, cities and provinces, form part of the national tax system. d. Private banks may be authorized to collect internal revenue taxes. 25. Properties acquired by gratuitous title during the marriage are generally classified as: I. Separate properties under conjugal partnership of gains. II. Community properties under absolute community of properties. a. Only I is correct c. Both I and II are correct b. Only II is correct d. Both I and II are incorrect 26. A resident decedent, head of family, left the following: Personal properties Real properties (including family home valued at P1,500,000) Deductions claimed (including actual funeral expenses of P200,000, and medical expenses of P600,000) How much was the taxable net estate? a. P250,000 b. P1,100,000 c. P1,250,000 P1,000,00 0 2,000,000 900,000 d. P2,100,000 P100,000 100,000 600,000 150,000 200,000 600,000 900,000 d. P60,000

27. Marzan sold his residential house under the following terms: Cash received, January 10, 2008 Amount received, June 10, 2008 Installment due, June 10, 2009 Additional information: Cost of residential house Mortgage assumed by the buyer Mortgage on the residential house executed by the buyer in favor of the seller to guarantee payment Fair market value of residential house How much was the capital gains tax due in 2008? a. P15,882 b. P17,647 c. P54,000

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28. Which of the following government-owned or controlled corporations shall be subject to the corporate income tax? I. Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR). II. National Development Corporation (NDC). III. Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office (PCSO). IV. Social Security System (SSS). 29. The following fringe benefits were given by an employer to its employees for the quarter ending March 31, 2008: Housing benefits to supervisors and managers (representing total P340,000 rents) Reimbursed expenses of rank and file employees 200,000 De minimis benefits (not exceeding the maximum) 100,000 How much was the fringe benefit tax payable for the quarter? a. P80,000 b. P108,800 c. P160,000 d. P172,800 30. The BIR may compromise payment of internal revenue taxes when: First ground: A reasonable doubt as to the validity of the claim against the taxpayer exists. Second ground: When collection costs do not justify the collection of the tax. a. Both grounds are correct c. Only first ground is correct b. Both grounds are incorrect d. Only second ground is correct AUDITING THEORY 31. The need for assurance services arises because: a. There is a consonance of interests of the preparer and the user of the financial statements. b. There is a potential bias in providing information. c. Economic transactions are less complex than they were a decade ago. d. Most users today have access to the system that generates the financial statements they use. 32. Which of the following is explicitly included in the Auditor’s responsibility section of the auditor's report? a. Reason for modification of opinion b. “Philippine Financial Reporting Standards“ c. “Philippines Standards on Auditing” d. Division of responsibility with another auditor 33. The term "present fairly, in all material respect", means a. The financial statements conform to GAAP. b. The auditor considers only those matters that are significant to the users of the financial statements. c. The financial statements may still be materially misstated because the auditors may not have discovered the errors. d. The financial statements are accurately prepared. 34. Based on R.A. 9298, how many years can a partner who survived the death or withdrawal of other partner(s) continue to practice under the partnership name after becoming a sole practitioner? a. 1 year b. 2 years c. 3 years d. Indefinite period of time 35. An auditor who discovers that client employees have committed an illegal act that has a material effect on the client's financial statements most likely would withdraw from the engagement if a. The illegal act is violation of generally accepted accounting principles. b. The client does not take the remedial action that the auditor considers necessary. c. The illegal act was committed during a prior year that was not audited. d. The auditor has already assessed control risk at the minimum level. 36. Which of the following statements would least likely appear in an auditor's engagement letter? a. Fees for our services are based on our regular per diem rates, plus travel and other outof-pocket expenses. b. During the course of our audit we may observe opportunities for economy in, or improved controls over, your operations. c. Our engagement is subject to the risk that material errors or fraud, including defalcations, if they exist, will not be detected

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d. After performing our preliminary analytical procedures we will discuss with you the other procedures we consider necessary to complete the engagement. 37. The audit work paper that reflects the major components of an amount reported in the financial statements is the a. Inter-bank transfer schedule b. Carry forward schedule c. Supporting schedule d. Lead schedule 38. a. b. c. d. Which of the following best describes the primary purpose of audit procedures? To detect errors or fraud To comply with generally accounting principles To gather sufficient, appropriate evidence To verify the accuracy of account balances

39. Analytical procedures used in planning an audit should focus on identifying a. Material weakness in the internal control system. b. The predictability of financial data from individual transactions. c. The various assertions that are embodied in the financial statements d. Areas that may represent specific risks relevant to the audit. 40. a. b. c. d. As the acceptable level of detection risk decreases, an auditor may change the… Timing of substantive tests; perform them at an interim date rather than at year-end Nature of substantive tests; select from less effective to a more effective procedure. Timing of tests of controls; perform them at several dates rather than at one time Assessment of inherent risk; assume a higher level.

41. The audit work performed by each assistant should be reviewed to determine whether it was adequately performed and to evaluate whether the a. Audit has been performed by persons having adequate technical training and proficiency as auditors. b. Auditor's system of quality control has been maintained at a high level. c. Results are consistent with the conclusions to be presented in the auditor's report. d. Audit procedures performed are those prescribed in the technical standards. 42. Which of the following acts are considered a fraud? I. Alteration of records or documents. II. Misinterpretation of facts. III. Misappropriation of assets. IV. Recording of transactions without substance. V. Clerical mistakes. a. III b. I and III only c. I, III, and IV only d. All of them 43. When the auditor has to determine the need to use the work of an expert, he would consider the following except: a. The cost of using the services of an expert. b. The quantity and quality of other audit evidence available. c. The materiality of the financial statement item being considered d. The risk of misstatement based on the nature and complexity of the matter being considered. 44. a. b. c. d. Which of the following does not require the services of an expert? Valuations of certain types of assets like land and buildings. Legal opinions concerning interpretations of engagements, rules and regulations. Determination of amounts using specialized techniques. Application of accounting methods in computing inventory balances.

45. An auditor should design a written audit program so that: a. All material transactions will be selected for substantive testing. b. Substantive tests prior to the balance sheet date will be minimized. c. The audit procedures selected will achieve specific audit objectives. d. Each account balance will be tested under either tests of controls or tests of transactions.


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46. From the given data you are to compute the unit sales price (adjusted to the nearest full centavo) at which the Sta. Ana Manufacturing Inc. must sell its only product in 2005 in order to earn a budgeted operating profit (before taxes of 35%) of P60,000. Sta. Ana Manufacturing Inc.’s condensed income statement for 2004 follows: Sales (30,000 units) P 450,000 Returns, allowances and discounts 13,500 Net sales P 436,500 Cost of goods sold 306,000 Gross profit P 130,500 Selling expenses 60,000 Administrative expenses 30,000 Operating profit P 40,500 The budget committee has estimated the following changes in income and costs for 2005: o 30% increase in number of units sales. o 20% increase in material unit cost. o 13% increase in direct labor cost per unit. o 10% increase in production overhead cost per unit. o 14% increase in selling expenses, arising from increased volume as well as from a higher price level, o 7% increase in administrative expenses, reflecting anticipated higher wage and supply price levels. Any changes in administrative expenses caused solely by increased sales volume are considered immaterial for the purpose of this budget. As inventory quantities remain fairly constant, the committee considered that, for budget purposes, any change in inventory valuation can be ignored. The composition of the cost of a unit of finished product during 2004 for materials, direct labor, and production overhead, respectively, was in the ratio of 3 to 2 to No changes in production methods or credit policies were contemplated for 2005. P16.01 5.53 d. P 14.92 b. P1 c.P 16.44 47. During your examination of the financial statements of San Pablo Industries, the president requested your assistance in the evaluation of the following financial management problem in his home appliances division which he summarizes for you as follows: A. The division’s current margin ratio is 5% of annual sales of P1, 200,000. An investment of P400, 000 is needed to finance these sales. The Company’s basis for measuring divisional success is Return on Investment (ROI). B. Management is considering the following two alternative plans submitted by employees for improving operations in the home appliances division: o o Antonio believes that sales volume can be doubled by greater promotional effort, but his method would lower the margin rate to 4% of sales and require an additional investment of P100,000. Guadalupe favors eliminating some unprofitable appliances and improving efficiency by adding P200,000 in capital equipment, his method would decrease sales volume by 10% but improve the margin ratio to 7%. The projected sales price for a new product, Santto, (which is still in the development stage of the product life cycle) is P50. The company has estimated the life-cycle cost to be P30 and the firstyear cost to be P60. On this type of product, the company requires a P12 per unit profit. What is the target cost of Santto? a. P60 b. P30 c. P38 d. P42 48. Yahweh Inc. has a return on assets of 15% and a 10% profit margin. The company has sales equal to P5 million. What are Yahweh’s total assets (in millions)? a. 3.00 b. 3.33 c. 3.73 d. 4.17 49. St. Jude Manufacturing has assembled the data appearing below pertaining to two popular products. Past experience has shown that the fixed manufacturing overhead component included in the cost per machine hour averages P10. St. Jude has a policy of filling all sales orders, even if it means purchasing units from outside suppliers. Direct materials Juicer P6 Slicer P11


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Direct labor Factory overhead at P16 per hour Cost if purchased from an outside supplier Annual demand (units)

4 16 20 20,000

9 32 38 28,000

If 50,000 machine hours are available, and St. Jude Manufacturing desires to follow an optimal strategy, it should a. Produce 25,000 Slicers and purchase all other units as needed. b. Produce 20,000 Juicers and 15,000 Slicers and purchase all other units as needed. c. Produce 20,000 Juicers and purchase all other units as needed. d. Purchase all units as needed. 50. St. Christopher’s Motors, Inc. is considering a new product for the coming year, an electric motor which it can purchase from a reliable vendor for P21.00 per unit. The alternative is to manufacture the motor internally. St. Christopher’s Motors, Inc. has excess capacity to manufacture the 30,000 motors needed in the coming year except for manufacturing space and special machinery. The machinery can be leased for P45,000 annually. Finished goods warehouse space adjoining the main manufacturing facility, leased for P39,000 annually, may be converted and used to manufacture the motors. Additional off-site space can be leased at an annual cost of P54,000 to replace the finished goods warehouse. The estimated unit costs for manufacturing the motors internally, exclusive of the leasing costs itemized above, are: Direct material P 8.00 Direct labor 4.00 Variable manufacturing overhead 3.00 Allocated fixed manufacturing 5.00 overhead Total manufacturing cost per unit P20.00 A cost-benefit analysis would show that St. Christopher’s Motors, Inc. would save a. P54,000 by purchasing the motors from the outside vendor. b. P69,000 by purchasing the motors from the outside vendor. c. P81,000 by making the motors internally. d. P96,000 by making the motors internally. 51. Given the following information about St. Vincent, compute for its economic value added: Earnings before interest and taxes P20,000 Tax rate 40% Interest-bearing liabilities P50,000 Cost of equity capital 14% Debt to equity 1:1 Additional information: o St. Vincent pays 10% annual interest to its creditors. o There are no current liabilities held significant by St. Vincent. a. P 8,000.00 b. P 2,000.00 c. P 5600.00 d. P 0 52. The following data have been extracted from the budget working papers of WR Limited: Activity Overhead cost (In machine hours)(In pesos)

In March 2002, the actual activity was 13,780 machine hours and the actual overhead cost incurred was P14,521. The total overhead expenditure variance is nearest to a. P1,750 (F) b. P250 (F) c. P250 (A) 53. In a b c d d. P4,520 (A)

the context of budget preparation the term “goal congruence“ is… The alignment of budgets with objectives using feed-forward control The setting of a budget which does not include budget bias The alignment of corporate objectives with the personal objectives of a manager The use of aspiration levels to set efficiency targets.

54. MNP plc produces three products from a single raw material that is limited in supply. Product details for period 6 are as follows: Products M N P Maximum demand 1,000 2,400 2,800 Optimum planned production 720 2,800

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Unit Contribution (Pesos) Raw materials cost per unit (P0.50 per kg)

4.50 1.25

4.80 1.50

2.95 0.75

The planned production optimizes the use of the 6,000 kgs of raw material that is available from MNP plc’s normal supplier at the price of P0·50 per kg. However, a new supplier has been found that is prepared to supply a further 1,000 kgs of the material. What is the maximum price that MNP plc should be prepared to pay for the additional 1,000 kgs of the material? A P2,100 B P2,240 C P2,300 D P2,465 55. T plc has developed a new product, the TF8. The time taken to produce the first unit was 18 minutes. Assuming that an 80% learning curve applies, the time allowed for the fifth unit (to 2 decimal places) should be a. 5·79 minutes b. 7·53 minutes c. 10·72 minutes d. 11·52 minutes Note: For an 80% learning curve y = ax -0·3219 56. Which of the following are required to determine the breakeven sales value in a multi product manufacturing environment? (i) individual product gross contribution to sales ratios; (ii) the general fixed cost; (iii) the product-specific fixed cost; (iv) the product mix ratio; (v) the method of apportionment of general fixed costs. a. (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) only. b. (i), (iii) and (iv) only. c. (i), (ii) and (iv) only. d. All of them. 57. The cost of purchasing a machine is P100,000 payable immediately. Its disposal value is expected to be P10,000 in five years' time. The same asset can be leased for a period of five years with rentals of P25,000 payable annually in advance. The asset is returned to the lessor at the end of the lease period. What is the net present value (to the nearest P10) to the lessor company if it purchases the machine then leases it to the user on the above terms if it applies an annual discount rate of 10%? (Ignore tax.) a. P990 b. P10,460 c. minus P1,960 d. minus P11,440. 58. A company retains 70% of its earnings and distributes the remaining 30%. Capital investment projects generate an annual post-tax return on investment of 15% and a pretax return of 20%. Using the Gordon Growth Model, what is the annual rate of growth? a 4.5% b 6.0% c 10.5% d 14.0% 59. A company uses the Baumol cash management model. Cash disbursements are constant at P20,000 each month. Money on deposit earns 5% a year, while money in the current account earns a zero return. Switching costs (that is, for each purchase or sale of securities) are P30 for each transaction. What is the optimal amount (to the nearest P100) to be transferred in each transaction?

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a b. c d

P500 P1,700 P4,900 P17,000

60. Using the capital asset pricing model (CAPM), the beta of company X's shares is 1·6, the risk free rate is 5% and the required return on company X's shares is 16·2%. Company Y is quoted in the same stock market, but has a beta of 1.4. What is the required rate of return on company Y's shares? a 12·0% b 13·0% c 13·2% d 14·8% AUDITING PROBLEMS You were engaged to examine the accounts of Power Play Corp. as of December 31, 2007 and your audit disclosed the following: 61. The cash counted on December 31, 2007 included two customers’ checks amounting to P5,000 both dated in January 2008. These checks were recorded in the books in December and were accepted for deposit by the bank on due dates. The adjusting entry is: Debit a. Cash in bank b. Accounts receivable c. Cash d. Accounts receivable Credit Cash on hand Cash Accounts receivable Sales

5,000 5,000 5,000 5,000

5,000 5,000 5,000 5,000

62. Your audit disclosed that checks with a total of P10,000 as payment to suppliers were prepared and taken up as debits to accounts payable. One of these checks in the amount of P2,000 was cancelled on January 5, 2008 and replaced with another for the correct amount of P2,500. No entry was made for the cancellation. The adjusting entry is: Debit a. Cash 2,500 b. Cash 2,000 c. Cash 500 d. No adjustment necessary Credit Accounts payable Accounts payable Accounts payable

2,500 2,000 500

63. Customers’ checks amounting to P4,500 were returned during December 2007 by the bank with the notation “NSF”. Of these checks P3,000 had been redeposited and cleared by the bank during the month. No entries were made for the return or redeposit. The adjusting entry is: Debit a. Cash b. Accounts receivable c. Cash d. Accounts receivable Credit Accounts receivable Cash Accounts receivable Cash

3,000 4,500 1,500 1,500

3,000 4,500 1,500 1,500

64. Goods costing P20,000 were excluded from the ending inventory. The selling price of these goods was P30,000. The goods were shipped by your client on December 29, 2007. FOB shipping point. The transaction was not recorded in 2007. The adjusting entry is: Debit a. Cost of sales b. Inventory c. Accounts receivable d. Sales Credit Inventory Cost of sales Sales Accounts receivable

20,000 20,000 30,000 30,000

20,000 20,000 30,000 30,000

65. Merchandise costing P15,000 were still included in ending inventory although these were already invoiced and recorded as sales to customers on December 31. The sales

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invoices totaling P25,000 were no longer recorded when the goods were delivered on January 5, 2008. The adjusting entry is: Debit a. Cost of sales b. Accounts receivable c. Sales d. None of the above Credit 15,000 25,000 25,000 Inventory Sales Accounts receivable 15,000 25,000 25,000

The Stock Investment account showed the following details: Jan 1 audited balance, 2,000 shares Mar 31 bought shares Stock Investment in Platinum Feb 28 cash dividend 40,000 April 1 sale of rights 4,500 June 30 sale of shares 1,000 3,000 5,000

The following transactions occurred: 66. A cash dividend of P0.50 per share was received on Feb. 28 The adjusting entry is: Debit Credit a. Stock investment 1,000 Dividend income b. Retained earnings 1,000 Dividend income c. Dividend income 1,000 Stock investment d. Cash 1,000 Dividend income

1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000

67. On March 15, stock rights were received entitling shareholders to purchase one share for every five held at P15 per share. Market values on this date were shares, P20; rights P5. The adjusting entry to recognize the cost allocated to the right is: Debit Credit a. Stock rights 8,000 Stock investment b. Stock rights 10,000 Stock investment c. Stock rights 5,000 Stock investment d. No entry

8,000 10,000 5,000

68. On March 31, 300 shares were purchased with the partial exercise of these right. The adjusting entry, after the adjustment in No. 35 above has been effected, is Debit Credit a. Stock investment 9,000 Stock rights 9,000 b. Stock investment 6,000 Stock rights 6,000 c. Stock rights 6,000 Stock investment 6,000 d. Stock investment 6,000 Cash 6,000 69. On April 1, the remaining rights were sold for P3,000. The adjusting entry is: Debit Credit a. Stock investment 3,000 Gain on sale of rights b. Stock investment 3,000 Stock rights gain on sale of rights c. Stock investment 2,000 Stock rights Loss on sale of 1,000 rights d. Cash 3,000 Stock rights

3,000 2,000 1,000 3,000 3,000

70. Power Play Corp. decided that the allowance for bad debts should be adjusted to equal the estimated amount required based on aging the accounts as of December 31. Following date were gathered: Allowance for bade debts, January 1, 2007 P120,00 0 Provision for bad debts during 2007 (2% of P3,000,000 sales) 60,000 Bad debts written off in 2007 75,000 Estimated bad debts per aging of

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accounts on December 31, 2007 The bad debts provision should be adjusted by Debit a. Bad debts expense 15,000 b.

80,000 Credit Allowance for bad debts Accounts receivable 15,000

Allowance for bad 45,000 45,000 debts c. Allowance for bad 25,000 Bad debts expense 25,000 debts d. Bad debts expense 80,000 Allowance for bad debt 80,000 71. The land account was debited for P300,000 on March 31, 2007 for an adjoining piece of land which was acquired in exchange for 15,000 shares of Power Play Corp.’s own stock with a par value of P10. At the time of the exchange, the shares were selling at P24. Transfer and legal fees of P20,000 were paid and charged to Professional Fees. The adjusting entry is a. b. c. d. Land Land Land Land Debit 140,000 160,000 80,000 20,000 Credit Premium on capital stock Capital stock Cash Professional fees Premium on capital stock Professional fees

140,000 150,000 10,000 20,000 60,000 20,000

72. You completed your filed work for 2007 on April 10, 2008. Before issuance of your audit report on April 25, 2008, you were advised that on April 15, 2008 a large receivable from a customer who is facing bankruptcy was written off as uncollectible. What should you do about this fact? a. disclose the loss in the 2007 statements b. adjust the 2007 financial statements c. date your report April 10, 2008 d. take up the loss in the 2008 statements PRACTICAL ACCOUNTING 1 73. In 2008, Paul Hypermarket awards loyalty points to customers who use Paul Hypermarket’s own credit card to pay for purchases. The award is at the rate of one point for every P250 charged to the card and each point entitles the customer to a certain credit against future purchases, without time limit. Paul Hypermarket estimates the fair value of each point at P4 and in 2008, P250,000,000 is charged to the Paul Hypermarket’s credit card. None of the customers have claimed their corresponding credit points during 2008. The amount to be reported as revenue for 2008 by Paul Hypermarket is a. P250,000,000 b. P249,000,000 c. P246,000,000 d. P245,000,000 Use the following information for numbers 74 and 75 On January 1, 2006 Luke Company, a financial services entity which is also involved in real estate development, has purchased a plot of land in Makati City for P2,000,000 which it intends to develop and eventually sell. On July 1, 2006, Luke Company purchased 10 passenger vehicles for a total consideration of P2,500,000. Luke Company’s intention was to use the passenger vehicles to transport Luke Company’s employees. Luke Company uses the straight-line depreciation method for the passenger vehicles with no expected salvage value and an estimated useful life of 8 years. On December 31, 2007, Luke Company entered in a lease agreement with John Company for its land in Makati City and its passenger vehicles. Development cost incurred until December 31, 2007 was P700,000. The fair values of the land in Makati City and the 10 passenger vehicles were P2,950,000 and P2,181,250 respectively. Assets classified by Luke Company as investment properties are presented at fair value. At the end of 2008, the fair values of land and 10 passenger vehicles were 3,100,000 and P2,201,250 respectively. 74. The gain (loss) to be reported in 2007 in relation to the reclassification to investment property is a. 0 b. 150,000 c. 250,000 d. 400,000

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75. The revaluation surplus balance at December 31, 2008 is a. 0 b. 150,0 c. 00 77





76. Before year-end adjusting entries, Bass Company's account balances at December 31, 2001, for accounts receivable and the related allowance for uncollectible accounts were P500,000 and P45,000, respectively. An aging of accounts receivable indicated that P62,500 of the December 31 receivables are expected to be uncollectible. The net realizable value of accounts receivable after adjustment is a.P482,500. b. P437,500. c. P392,500. d. P455,000. 77. Isaac Co. assigned P500,000 of accounts receivable to Dixon Finance Co. as security for a loan of P420,000. Dixon charged a 2% commission on the amount of the loan; the interest rate on the note was 10%. During the first month, Isaac collected P110,000 on assigned accounts after deducting P380 of discounts. Isaac accepted returns worth P1,350 and wrote off assigned accounts totaling P3,700. The amount of cash Isaac received from Dixon at the time of the transfer was a. P378,000. b. P410,000. c. P411,600. d. P420,000. 78. On June 1, 2008, Oslo Corp. sold merchandise with a list price of P15,000 to Mead on account. Oslo allowed trade discounts of 30% and 20%. Credit terms were 2/15, n/40 and the sale was made f.o.b. shipping point. Oslo prepaid P300 of delivery costs for Mead as an accommodation. On June 12, 2008, Oslo received from Mead a remittance in full payment amounting to a. P8,232 b. P8,526. c. P8,532. d P8,397. 79. In January 2008, Jenks Mining Corporation purchased a mineral mine for P4,200,000 with removable ore estimated by geological surveys at 3,000,000 tons. The property has an estimated value of P400,000 after the ore has been extracted. Jenks incurred P1,150,000 of development costs preparing the property for the extraction of ore. During 2008, 340,000 tons were removed and 300,000 tons were sold. For the year ended December 31, 2008, Jenks should include what amount of depletion in its cost of goods sold? a. P430,667 b. P380,000 c. P495,000 d. P561,000 80. Down Co. bought a trademark from Cater Corp. on January 1, 2008, for P112,000. An independent consultant retained by Down estimated that the remaining useful life is 50 years. Its unamortized cost on Cater's accounting records was P56,000. Down decided to write off the trademark over the maximum period allowed. How much should be amortized for the year ended December 31, 2008? a. P1,120. b. P1,400. c. P2,240. d. P2,800. Use the following information for questions 80 and 81 On January 2, 2008, Hernandez, Inc. signed a ten-year non-cancelable lease for a heavy duty drill press. The lease stipulated annual payments of P70,000 starting at the end of the first year, with title passing to Hernandez at the expiration of the lease. Hernandez treated this transaction as a capital lease. The drill press has an estimated useful life of 15 years, with no salvage value. Hernandez uses straight-line depreciation for all of its plant assets. Aggregate lease payments were determined to have a present value of P420,000, based on implicit interest of 10%. 81. In its 2008 income statement, what amount of interest expense should Hernandez report from this lease transaction? a. P0. b. P26,250 c. P35,000. d. P42,000. 82. In its 2008 income statement, what amount of depreciation expense should Hernandez report from this lease transaction? a. P70,000. b. P46,667. c. P42,000. d. P28,000. 83. On October 31, 2008, Beta Company engaged in the following transactions: Obtained a P500,000, six-month loan from City Bank, discounted at 12%. The company pledged P500,000 of accounts receivable as security for the loan. Factored P1,000,000 of accounts receivable without recourse on a non notification basis with Hype Company. Hype charged a factoring fee of 2% of the amount of receivables factored and withheld 10% of the amount factored. What is the total cash received from the financing of receivables? a. P1,320,000 b. P1,350,000 c. P1,380,000 d. P1,470,000 84. The closing inventory of Gandhi Company amounted to P284,000 at December 31, 2008. This total includes two inventory lines about which the inventory taker is uncertain.

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Item 1 - 500 items which had cost P15 each and which were included at P7,500. These items were found to have been defective at the balance sheet date. Remedial work after the balance sheet date cost P1,800 and they were then sold for P20 each. Selling expenses were P400. Item 2 - 100 items that had cost P10 each but after the balance sheet date, these were sold for P8 each with selling expenses of P150. What figure should appear in Gandhi’s balance sheet for inventory? a. P283,650 b. P283,950 c. P284,000 d. P284,300 85. In reconciling the Cash in bank of Yna Company with the bank statement balance for the month of November 2008, the following data are summarized: Book debits for November, including October CM for note collected, P P60,000 800,000 Book credits for November, including NSF of P20,000 and service charge of P800 for October 620,000 Bank credits for November including CM for November for bank loan of P100,000 and October deposit in transit for P80,000 700,000 Bank debits for November including October outstanding checks of P170,800 and November service charge of P200 600,000 What is the amount of outstanding checks for November ? a. P 20,000 b. P170,200 c. P171,000 d. P191,000

PRACTICAL ACCOUNTING 2 86. Roel, Jekell and Mike, CPAs, decide to form a partnership and agree to distribute profits in the ratio 5:3:2. It is agreed, however, that Roel and Jekell shall guarantee fees from their own clients of P600,000 and P500,000 respectively, that any deficiency is to be charged directly against the account of the partner failing to meet the guarantee, and that any excess is to be credited directly to the account of the partner with fees exceeding the guarantee. Fees earned during 20x4 are classified as follows: From clients of Roel P1,000,000 From clients of Jekell 400,000 From clients of Mike 100,000 Operating expenses for 20x4 are P200,000. Determine the share of Roel on the operating results for the year 20x4. a. P900,000 b. P500,000 c. P200,000 d. P300,000 87. Caine, Osman, and Roberts formed a partnership on January 1, 20x4, agreeing to distribute profits and losses in the ratio of original capitals. Original investments were P625,000, P250,000 and P125,000 respectively. Earnings of the firm and drawings by each partner for the period 20x4-20x6 follows: Drawings . Net income (loss) Caine Osman Roberts 20x4 P440,000 P150,000 P78,000 P52,000 20x5 185,000 150,000 78,000 52,000 20x6 ( 105,000) 100,000 52,000 52,000 At the beginning of 20x7, Caine and Osman agreed to permit Roberts to withdraw from the firm. Since the books for the firm had never been audited, the partners agreed to an audit in arriving at the settlement amount. In withdrawing, Roberts was allowed to take certain furniture and was charged P15,000, although the book value was P45,000; the balance of Roberts’ interest was paid in cash. The following items were revealed in the course of the audit. End of 20x4 End of 20x5 End of 20x6 Understatement of accrued expenses P 4,000 P 5,000 P 6,500 Understatement of accrued revenue 2,500 1,000 1,500 Overstatement of inventories 15,000 20,000 20,000 Understatement of depreciation expense On assets still held 1,500 3,500 2,000

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How much must Roberts received from the partnership? a. P511,250 b. P156,500 c. P15,250

d. P11,250

88. At the beginning of 2008, S Video established a QC Branch and a MC Branch in order to provide wider distribution of its merchandise. Merchandise is transferred to the branches at a pricd 30% above cost. All branch merchandise is acquired from the home office. At the end of 2008, the QC Branch and the MC Branch reported net income and ending inventory balances as follows: Net income Ending inventory QC Branch P45,500 P65,000 MC Branch 52,000 78,000 The year-end balances in the home office account’s allowance for unrealized gross margin in branch inventory are P 48,750 for the QC Branch and P58,500 for the MC branch. The income from Branch, home office should record is: a. P171,750 b. P97,500 c. P130,500 d. P74,250 89. On January 1, 2008, Ashley Corp. purchased 75% of the common stock of Racks Corp. Separate balance sheet data for the companies at the combination date are given below: Ashley Racks Cash P 84,000 P 721,000 Trade Receivable 504,000 91,000 Merchandise Inventory 462,000 133,000 Land 273,000 112,000 Plant Assets 2,450,000 1,050,000 Accumulated Depreciation (840,000) (210,000 ) Investment in Racks 1,372,000 Total Assets P4,305,000 P1,897,000 P 497,000 Capital Stock 2,800,000 1,050,00 0 Retained Earnings 784,000 350,00 0 Total Equities P4,305,000 P 1,897,000 At the date of combination the book values of Racks net assets was equal to the fair value of the net assets except for Rack’s inventory which has a fair value of P210,000. On the date of acquisition in the consolidated balance sheet: How much is the total assets? a. P 3,533,250 b. P4,984,000 c. 5,171,250 Accounts Payable P 721,000

P 6,543,250



90. The following data pertained to Pogi Company’s construction jobs, which commenced during 2008: PROJECT 1 PROJECT 2 Contract Price P420,000 P300,000 Cost incurred during 2008 240,000 280,000 Estimated cost to complete 120,000 40,000 Billed to customers during 2008 150,000 270,000 Received from customers during 2008 90,000 250,000 If Pogi company used the percentage of completion method, what amount of profit (loss) would Pogi Company report in its 2008 income statement? a. P(20,000) c. P22,500 b. P20,000 d. P40,000 91. On April 1, 2008, Ringo Corp. entered into franchise agreement with Quart Corp. to sell their products. The agreement provides for an initial franchise fee of P4,218,750 payable as follows: P1,181,250 cash to be paid upon signing of the contract and the balance in five equal annual payment every December 31, starting at the end of 2008. Ringo signs 12% interest learning note for the balance. The agreement further provides that the

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franchise must pay a continuing franchise fee equal to 5% of its monthly gross sales. On August 30 the franchisor completed the initial services required n the contract at a cost of P1,350,000 and incurred indirect costs of P232,500. The franchise commenced business operations on September 3, 2008. The gross sales reported to the franchisor are September sales, P110,000; October sales, P125,000; November sales P138,000; and December sales, P159,000. The first installment payment was made on due date. Assume the collectivity of the note is reasonably assured. In its income statement for the year ended December 31, 2008 how much is the realized gross profit? a. P2,868,750 b. P2,936,225 c. P2,895,350 d. P3,168,725 92. The trustee for John Corp. prepares a statement of affairs which shows that unsecured creditors whose claims total P 540,000 may expect to receive approximately P 405,000 if assets are sold for the benefit of creditors. a. Danielle Corp. holds a note for P22,500 on which interest of P1,350 is accrued, property with a book value of P18,000 and a realizable amount of P 27,000 is pledged on the note. b. Randolph, an employee is owed P6,750 for his salary. c. Baltimore Corp. holds a note of P54,000 on which interest of P2,700 is accrued, securities with a book value of P 58,500 and a realizable amount of P45,000 is pledged on the note. d. Nick Corp. holds a note for P9,000 on which interest of P500 is accrued, nothing has been pledged for the note. How much may each of the following creditors receive? Danielle Corp; Randolph Corp; Baltimore Corp.; Nick Corp., respectively. a. P 27,000 ; P5,063; P53,775 ; P 0 c. P27,000 ; P6,750; P56,700 ; P 0 b. P 23,850; P 6,750; P56,700; P7,125 d, P23,850; P6,750; P53,775 ; P 7,125 93. The following information was taken from H Company’s accounting records for the year December 31, 2008: Increase in raw materials inventory P 15,000 Decrease in finished goods inventory 35,000 Raw materials purchased 430,000 Direct labor cost 200,000 Factory overhead control 260,000 Freight-in 45,000 There was no work in process inventory at the beginning or end of the year. H’s 2008 cost of goods sold is if FOH is applied at 140% of labor costs: a. P950,000 b. P965,000 c. P975,000 d. P995,000 94. C Company has underapplied factory overhead of P45,000 for the year ended December 31, 2008. Before disposition of the underapplied overhead, selected December 31, 2008, balances from C’s accounting records are as follows: Sales P1,200,000 Cost of goods sold 720,000 Inventories: Direct materials 36,000 Work in process 54,000 Finished goods 90,000 Under C’s cost accounting system, over – or underapplied overhead is allocated to appropriate inventories and cost of goods sold based on year – end balances. In its 2008 income statement, C should report cost of goods sold of a. P682,500 b. P684,000 c. P756,000 d. P757,500 95. Violeta company adds materials at the beginning of the process in Department A. Information concerning the materials used in April 2008 is as follows: Units Work in process April ………………………………………………............... P10,000 Started during April……………………………………………………………….. 50,000 Completed & Transferred to the next department during April…………. 36,000 Normal spoilage incurred………………………………………………………… 3,000 Abnormal spoilage incurred……………………………………………………… 5,000

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Work in process at April 30………………………………………………………. 16,000 Under Violeta’s accounting system, the cost of normal spoilage are treated as part of the cost of good units produced. However, the cost of abnormal spoilage is charged to factory overhead. Using weighted average method, what are the equivalent units for the materials unit cost calculation for the month of April? a. 47,000 b. 52,000 c. 55,000 d. 57,000 96. Agency Makabayan received Notice of Cash Allocation (NCA) – P45,000,000 for the year 2008, the entry would be: a. No entry b. Memorandum entry in Registry of Allotments c. National Clearing Account 45,000,000 Appropriation Alloted 45,000,000 d. Cash-National Treasury, MDS 45,000,000 Subsidy Income from National government45,000,000 97. Save the Planet, a private nonprofit research organization, received a $500,000 contribution from Ms. Susan Clark. Ms. Clark stipulated that her donation be used to purchase new computer equipment for Save the Planet’s research staff. The contribution was received in August of 2001, and the computers were acquired in January of 2002. For the year ended December 31, 2001, the $500,000 contribution should be reported by Save the Planet on its a. Statement of activities as unrestricted revenue. b. Statement of activities as deferred revenue. c. Statement of activities as temporarily restricted revenue. d. Statement of financial position as deferred revenue. 98. On January 1, 20x3, Pike Company purchased 80% of the outstanding voting shares of Sword company for P800,000. On that date, Sword had P300,000 of capital stock and P600,000 of retained earnings. All assets and liabilities of Sword had book values approximately equal to their fair market values. Goodwill, if any, is not amortized. Pike uses the complete equity method to account for its investment in Sword. On April 1, 20x3, Pike sold equipment with a book value of P40,000 to Sword for P60,000. The equipment is expected to have a useful life of five years from the date of the sale and no salvage value. Sword will use straight-line depreciation. For year 20x3, Sword reported net income of P200,000 and paid dividends of P40,000. Determine the income from investment under the complete equity method. a. P143,000 b. P144,000 c. P163,000 d. P111,000 99. P Company owns controlling interests in S and T Corporations, having acquired an 80 percent interest in S in 20x1 and a 90 percent interest in T on January 1, 20x2. P’s investments in S and T were at book value equal to fair value. Inventories of the affiliated companies at December 31, 20x2 and December 31, 20x3 were as follows: December 31, 20x2 December 31, 20x3 P inventories P60,000 P54,000 S inventories 38,750 31,250 T inventories 24,000 36,000 P sells to S at a 25 percent markup based on cost, and T sells to P at a markup of 20 percent. P’s beginning and ending inventories for 20x3 consisted of 40% and 50%, respectively, of goods acquired from T. All of S inventories consisted of merchandise acquired from P. The inventory that should appear in the December 31, 20x3 consolidated balance sheet should amount to: a. P109,600 b. P106,000 c. P110,500 d. P121,250 100. In year 20x8, a 90 percent-owned subsidiary sold land to its parent at a gain. The parent still owns the land. In the consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 20x9, the minority interest in the subsidiary should be shown at: a. 10 percent of the subsidiary’s total equity. b. 10 percent of the subsidiary’s total equity less 10 percent of the gain on the land sale. c. 10 percent of the subsidiary’s total equity plus 10 percent of the gain on the land sale. d. 10 percent of the subsidiary’s total equity less 100 percent of the gain on the land sale. END OF EXAMINATIONS GOODLUCK!!! 

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