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the mother and the child, early attainment of breast milk-acquired antibodies for the child¶s protection and etc. this is encourage by the ³Unang Yakap´ project of the Department of Health that comprises of delivery procedures that includes nursery care performed above the mother¶s tummy and letting of the infant reach the mother¶s breast for first suck of breast milk that helps to stimulate production of oxytocin that aids in the uterine contraction for placental delivery. MILK FORMATION Breast milk is primarily produced in the acinar/alveolar cells in the mammary glands. When the placenta is already delivered, progesterone level drastically decreases which stimulates the production of prolactin which is responsible for the milk production by acting on the acinar cells. MILK PASSAGEWAY As the milk flows from the acinar cells, it passes through small tubules called lactiferous sinuses which can be found behind the nipples. The constantly formed milk there is what we call fore milk. When the baby sucks, lactiferous sinuses contract pushing the milk out to the nipples making it available to the infant with functional-aid of oxytocin. This action is called the let-down reflex which is also triggered by the sound of infant crying and when the mother thinks of the baby. After the reflex, hind milk is now produced which contains greater fat as compared to fore milk that causes breastfed infants grow faster. Colostrum is thin, watery, yellow fluid composes of protein, sugar, fat, water, minerals, vitamins and maternal antibodies which is said to be the most important content of breast milk that is secreted also by the acinar cells from 4th month of pregnancy up to 3-4 days after birth. CONTRAINDICATIONS Breast milk is usually beneficial to infants and mothers. In fact, it facilitates optimum development of an infant. However, several factors made breast feeding contraindicated for infants. These are: a. Breast feeding is not recommended for infants with galactosemia because such infants cannot digest lactose in milk. b. If there are Herpes lesions on the breast. c. If the type of maternal diet is nutrient restricted because it prevents quality milk production. d. If the mother is taking lithium or methotrexate which were maternal medications that were inappropriate for breast feeding. e. If the mother is exposed to radiation. f. If the mother have Breast Cancer.
BABY a. Ca. well away from the areola. . Serve protection to prevent breast cancer. Contains the ideal electrolytes and mineral essential for growth. Leukocytes provide protection for common respiratory infection. Enhances symbiotic relationship between infant and mother. e. Reduces cost of feeding and preparation time. K. y Tuck your baby¶s lower arm under your arm or under your breast with his/her mouth close to your breast. f. It may be harmful for the child health for it may carry microorganisms such as Hepa B. It may also carry both illicit and prescription drugs as well as environmental contaminants. y Support your breast with your free hand. ratio of cysteine to methionine favors in rapid brain growth.DISADVANTAGES Breast milk sometimes also has disadvantages which include: a. y Rest your thumb lightly on top of your breast above your areola. e. place all of your fingers underneath it. b. Enables the child to regulate their Ca/P levels better than bottle-fed infants. Macrophages are responsible in producing interferons that interfere in virus¶ growth. The bifidus factor is specific growth-promoting factor for the beneficial bacteria Lactobacillus bifidus which interferes with the colonization of pathogenic bacteria in GIT reducing incidence of diarrhea. ADVANTAGES Breast feeding is more beneficial and advantageous than worse. Protein are easily digested. his/her tummy against yours and head resting in the bend of your elbow. METHODS Cradle Hold y Sit comfortably. y Cradle your baby with your arm. & P. Have an empowering effect for this is a technique that only women can master. shoulders and hip in a straight line. Keep you baby¶s ear. Breast milk contains IgA which binds larger molecules of proteins including viruses and bacteria. Release of oxytocin aids in uterine involution. b. more linoleic acid essential for skin integrity and less Na. cytomegalovirus and HIV which is deviant for the child¶s health to contribute in acquiring several diseases from the mother. c. A pillow or footstool may help. Better balance of trace elements like zinc. c. The lysozyme that is present in the breast milk actively destroys bacteria by lysing their cell membranes. It benefits both mother and child. d. MOTHER a. Lactoferrin is an iron-binding protein in breast milk that interferes in the growth of pathogenic bacteria. c. keeping them from being absorbed in GIT. The father may also feel rejection. b. d.
and the tongue is down. y y Football Hold Position your baby so his/her legs and body are under your arm. y Lift your breast upward and lightly stroke your nipple on your baby¶s lower lip. y Support your breast with your free hand. his/her mouth will open wide. Cradle your baby with your arm. You are nursing a small baby. Place your fingers below your breast. Your breasts are large. THE FOOTBALL HOLD IS A GOOD POSITION WHEN: You have had a cesarean birth and want to avoid placing your baby against your abdominal incision. Keep your baby¶s body flexed at the hip with the legs tucked under your arm. Pull your baby quickly onto the breast to latch-on when his/her mouth is opened wide. Keep your baby¶s ear. with your hand at the base of the head and neck (as if you were holding a football). As part of the rooting reflex. especially if premature. This may take a few minutes to happen. his/her tummy against yours. Instead pull your baby up to your breast. holding your baby¶s head with his/her nose and chin touching your breast. Allow your baby to latch-on while pulling him/her in close. Do not lean over your baby. well away from the areola. with his/her mouth close to your breast. Do not lean over your baby. shoulders and hip in a straight line. Instead pull your baby up to your breast. and the tongue is down. restless and having a hard time latching-on. y y y y y y y y y y y y . like a big yawn. You have inverted nipples. Your baby tends to slide down your areola onto your nipple. (You will use opposite hands from the cradle hold). like a big yawn. This may take a few minutes to happen. Sitting upright may encourage your baby to remain alert for a longer time. Your baby is sleepy. A pillow or footstool may help. You need to see better when getting your baby to latch-on. and your hand at the base of the head and neck. y est your thumb lightly on top of your breast above your areola. y Learning how to position an infant correctly. As part of the rooting reflex. THE CROSS CRADLE HOLD IS GOOD WHEN: y Nursing a newborn infant. place all of your fingers underneath it.y y Lift your breast upward and lightly stroke your nipple on your baby¶s lower lip. Your baby is fussy. y Tuck your baby¶s lower arm out of the way. Cross Cradle Hold (Tummy-to-Tummy) Sit comfortably. his/her mouth will open wide. y Pull your baby quickly onto your breast to latch-on when his/her mouth is opened wide.
COMMON PROBLEMS 1. Nurse from that side. Do not use plastic-lined breast shields. massaging the breast while baby drinks. According to breastfeeding expert Jack Newman. Massage from the armpits downward and toward the center of the breast. air them out frequently. point baby's chin in the direction of the blockage. 2. When the baby is done. If you would rather not go braless. pump off or handexpress any excess milk. Help infant to grasp the nipple correctly. Deal with engorgement promptly to avoid mastitis.If breast inflammation is accompanied by flulike symptoms and intense pain.. Mastitis -. Plugged duct ± is your body's early warning sign that you are pushing yourself too hard. 3. you could end up with an abscess that requires lancing and draining. This remedy can also work well for mastitis. roll the leaves with a rolling pin to make them more accommodating to your unique shape. Expressing some milk with a pump or by hand before feeding will make latch-on easier. If you can. If the plug is on the armpit side of your breast. Engorgement ± causes by lymphatic filling as milk production begins. 5. For example. you can also try lying on your side next to your baby with the affected breast above him. Sore-nipples ± cause of infant not gripping the entire areola and the nipple kept wet. an infection of breast tissue. M. or the infant is already exhausted from crying due to hunger. turn the flaps of your nursing bra down for a while each day. aloe vera or vitamin E applied to nipples helps heal tissue. 8. Place a cool raw leaf in each side of your nursing bra and change them often. Slow down and take the time to clear the duct out to avoid ending up with an infection. .D. Also try Phytolacca decandra. for cracked nipples. If you do not care for yourself properly during a bout of mastitis. Mother worries about amount of milk being taken ± because the mother cannot see or measure the milk administered. To prevent cracked nipples. The plug feels like a hard lump. 9. Father feels shut out of parent-child relationship ± because father does not participate in breast feeding. Breast feeding in public ± some people make a woman feel uncomfortable breast feeding at work or other public places. The most important thing to do for this condition is rest. a homeopathic remedy. expose nipple to air between feedings. Infant does not suck well ± which is possibly brought by the effect of anesthesia. and there may be some engorgement or pain. 4. and nurse him by dropping that breast down across the other one to his mouth. (If your breasts aren't shaped like cabbages. the infant might not be hungry. use the football hold (cradling the baby under your arm) if the plug is in the lower outside quadrant of your breast. 6. cabbage leaves are an excellent treatment for engorgement and breast inflammations.) 7. stick with washable cotton or disposables without plastic linings. Mother reports infant¶s stools are loose and thin ± stools are normally loose and lighter than formula-fed infants. you probably have mastitis. to try to loosen the plug.
If. drink plenty of fluids. then take gradually increased doses. For the usual.000 milligrams of vitamin C dissolved in an 8-ounce glass of water. after twenty-four hours of total rest and self-care. once daily. Keep moist heat on the affected breast. you may need to take antibiotics. olive leaf. Consult with your doctor. If you can. . mastitis usually takes two to five days to clear up completely. about 5. Bundle up and let the fever run its course rather than lowering it artificially with a drug such as acetaminophen (Tylenol). which should be brought down as quickly as possible. your symptoms are the same or worse. An enema of slightly cool water will often reduce a high fever. give it a few hours. Fever is your body's way of activating the immune system against the infection. and take immunity-stimulating vitamins and herbs such as echinacea. as will inducing diarrhea by taking buffered vitamin C powder in water (start by taking 1. low-grade fever (99°F to 102°F).Go directly to bed and nurse your baby as much as possible. The exception to this is a fever over 103°F. and. as needed). rest. With or without antibiotics. up to as much as 5.000 milligrams. enlist a friend or family member to help with your baby whenever you aren't nursing.000 international units of vitamin A. vitamin C.
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