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: Dr. Nay Zin Latt : India : 9.10.10
What is “ Knowledge” ?
“ Knowing what to do right things through experiences and education” (Albert Einstein ) Knowledge is not information. Knowledge is experience, everything else is information.
Data Information Knowledge Wisdom .. Enlightenment Muddling through Efficiency Effectiveness Explicability Bread, clearly
know-nothing know-how know-what know-why know-for-sure
“ Knowledge is a tree, technologies are fruits ”
Structure of technology
(1) Hardware : Physical structure or logical layout. This is “ the means” to carry out required tasks.
: The set of rules, guidelines, and algorithms. This is “know-how ” to carry out tasks.
: Deploying the hardware / software in a particular way. This is the “know-what and know-why ” of technology.
You can fit yourself ? Which part ?
The simple definition : Knowledge = Experiences 100 % = ? Education + ? +
We don’t say… equally .. but there are two parts. Wisdom is knowledge knowing “What to do” Skill is knowing ……………… “ How to do”
Joining of wholes
Formation of a whole
e tur Fu Novelty
Connection of parts
t as P
Gathering of parts
Data Understanding Researching Absorbing Doing Interacting Reflecting
Doin g (actio n)
Subject ive Insight s
Tacit Knowle dge
Internaliza tion Knowled ge Conversi on Externaliz ation Knowle dge Combina tion
Cont ext Informa tion Explicit Knowle dge Princip les
Conce pts Fact s Proce ss
Know “sure” wisdom
Know “why” data informatio n knowledge
Local Knowledge Production Indicator,
60 50 40 30 20 10 0
Sin g a p o re
Bru n e i
M a la ysia Ph ilip p in e s T h a ila n d In d o n e sia C a m b o d ia Vie tn a m
Mya n m a r
Source : Sociological Abstracts 1970-2000
Knowledge makes the difference between “ poverty and wealth”
Difference attributed to knowledge
Thousand of dollars
Difference due to physical and human capital
Source : World Development Report 1998/99, World Bank (1999)
To tacit Knowledge
To explicit Knowledge
From tacit knowledge From explicit knowledge
Some people poorly think !
There are many areas where most people think rather poorly -such as philosophy, psychology, freedom, religion, politics, economics, health, etc.
Knowledge in itself is not power; rather the application of knowledge is where power lies. They say a little learning is a dangerous thing. Well too much learning can lead to paralysis and a lack of decisive, timely action.
“ the ability to influence the behavior of others" “the capacity to restructure actual situations”. Power is not power OVER others. ( Not forcing to do ) Power is ability to GET THINGS DONE. ( Inspiring to do )
"The Power in Life is
"One of the greatest powers in the universe is individual power of choice. And the most powerful choices are positive choices."
-- Frederick "Power isMann ultimately about control of resources” …Joe Magee
Why Have So Few Succeeded ?
One reason is that it takes time to improve yourself.
Another reason is that most people are severely deficient in many thinking skills.
Helplessness is the opposite of power. Many people stuck in helplessness and hopelessness.
Three important aspects: motivationally, cognitively, and emotionally.
“ You must be able to control consequences or outcomes.”
Mahatma Gandhi had never accepted any political office. He never used violence. He never threatened violence. He was a small, frail, little man. Yet he defeated the armed might of the British Empire. He drove the British out of India without firing a single shot. How did he do it ? PERSONAL POWER. Personal power moves mountains. Personal power solves problems.
“ May I have an orange, please ? " Not forcing to do. Just inspiring to do.
The application of powermessages
The disobedience of Gandhi and his followers were more powerful than the guns of the British .
1. Stop looking for easy and start “ Doing” Effective today.
2. Face your fears. 3. When nice isn’t . (nice) . 4. Stop being a victim. 5. Win respect through your actions. 6. Keep re-inventing yourself. 7. Value yourself. 8. Fiercely protect your brand.
The biggest problem in the world was that individuals experienced themselves as powerless. Today this is still our biggest problem.
“ Will to nature.
is the essence of human
Optimism is a choice - not an inheritance. Once you begin to understand your own personal wimp and recognize when it exerts its influence over you, you can begin to overcome it.
If you're stuck in some destructive habit, change it
There are number of Powers :
Social Power Constitutional Personal Positional Economic Military Political National Knowledge Technological Power…. Etc.
What type of power do you have
Social Power Managerial Power Political Power Military Power -
“ Inspiring to do” “To get things done” “An action over the actions” “Supremacy”
• Political scientists have frequently defined power as : “ the ability to influence the behavior of others" “Politics” ..
… is the process by which groups of people make decisions. The term in generally applied to behavior within civil government.
Political power ( imperium- in Latin) is a type of
power held by a group in a society which allows administration of some or all of public resources, including labor, and wealth.
Assets (tanks, soldiers, aircraft, naval vessels, etc.). Hard power refers to coercive tactics : the threat or use of armed forces, economic pressure or sanctions, assassination etc..
Soft power - Does not necessarily have to involve the active use of military forces in combat. - Means of exercising Soft Power include diplomacy, dissemination of information, analysis, propaganda, and cultural programming to achieve political ends. Smart power .. the ability to obtain what you want through cooperation and attraction rather than “Hard & Soft.”
Hyper power - the post Cold War “USA”
( Hellenistic empire, Chinese empire, Persian empire, Roman empire, British empire.)
Super power – “Great power plus great mobility of power”
( USA, Soviet Union, British empire )
Great power - in historical, the term great power refers the nations that
have strong political, cultural and economical influence. ( China, France, Russia, UK, USA ) Regional power - is also used to describe a nation that exercises influence and power within a region. ( Singapore, Thailand )
Middle power - Second tier influential states that could not be described
as great power. ( Australia, Brazil, Canada, Germany, Japan, India, Italy, Mexico, S-Korea, Spain )
The Role of Soft Power
in 2007, Chinese President Hu Jintao made a speech at the 17th Communist Party Congress that China needed to increase its soft power, and the American Secretary of Defense Robert Gates spoke of the need to enhance American soft power .
National Power : is also used to describe the “Resources”
and “Capabilities” of state. "Power is the capacity to direct the decisions and actions of others. Power derives from strength and will. Strength comes from the transformation of resources into capabilities.
Countries are in :
Middle power Regional Power Great Power Super Power Hyper Power Super-mega Power
Macroeconomic stability, Institutional capacity, Openness Education Higher schooling Life expectancy Lower fertility, Lower government consumption Better maintenance of the rule of law Lower inflation and Improvements in the terms of trade.
Three kind of Thinking process
Mechanical - Intuition - Strategic
Smart people & dump people Smart people are so smart that they can spell out every detail of the corporation’s strategy for three to five years into the future. Dump people never got the big picture. Tenure based promotion to skill based.
Two radically different life-orientations can be distinguished: The reactive-responsive orientation, characterized by reacting and responding to events and external conditions; (b) by you in your The creative orientation, characterized being the predominant creative power life. (a) -
KP is based on knowledge & it’s application. energy. Knowing “What” and it’s level of
Knowledge is the most wonderful thing that generates substantial powers. Think… think.. keep thinking, if you really want KP.
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