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0535MSITWindowsServer2008ClusteringITppt

0535MSITWindowsServer2008ClusteringITppt

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How Microsoft IT Deploys Windows Server 2008 Failover Clusters for File Services

Dondi Vigesaa Operations Engineer Microsoft Corporation dondiv@microsoft.com

Agenda
Microsoft IT File Service Utility group situation Method for updating Windows Server 2008 failover cluster nodes Approach for migrating from Windows Server 2003 to Windows Server 2008 cluster nodes Lessons learned Best practices

What We Will Cover
Microsoft IT business drivers Windows Server 2008 failover clustering technologies Distributed File System services Storage Area Network concepts

Prerequisite Knowledge Understanding of General server concepts HighHigh-level failover clustering concepts Basic networking concepts Basic Storage Area Network concepts Level 200 .

Japan Redmond. WA. USA Singapore. Ireland Kawaguchi. Singapore Provides access to over 200 TB of data Handles shares from 20 GB to 300 GB in size .Situation Microsoft IT File Services Utility (FSU) Group Provides file services in four primary datacenters     Dublin.

Situation Migration Business Drivers Simplified administration   Support for more users with the same number of administrators Increased uptime through the use of fewer administrative consoles Support for more users through Distributed File Services namespace Support for larger cluster disk volumes .

cluster name. and network names are Active Directory Computer Name Objects (CNOs) KerberosKerberos-only authentication is the default authentication mechanism .Reasons for Using Windows Server 2008 Key Benefits SCSISCSI-3 persistent reservations used Domain user account not required by cluster service Node names.

Reasons for Using Windows Server 2008 Key Benefits (cont¶d) Full support for Volume Shadowcopy Service (VSS) for easier backups Support for disk volumes larger than 2 TB Centralized administration interface leverages MMC 3.0 .

Solution Requirements Protection of disk resources during migration In-place migration that requires no new Inserver hardware or storage hardware Clearly defined and reliable roll-back plan by rollkeeping one or more Windows Server 2003 cluster nodes in reserve Simple process that does not require a large team .

Solution Requirements (cont¶d) Availability of service during migration Clearly communicated and managed migration process Scheduled migrations during hours of least impact to users .

Solution Overview Move cluster resources to a single active node Install Windows Server 2008 on passive node in a new cluster group Migrate cluster resources to Windows Server 2008 node Install Windows Server 2008 on remaining cluster node .

demonstration Migration Process      Move all cluster resources to a single node Take passive node offline Unmask storage from passive node Format and install Windows Server 2008 on passive node Mask storage .

Migrating to Windows Server 2008 Typical Configuration ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Active/Passive configuration Shared storage Dedicated cluster heartbeat connection Dedicated public network connection .

Migrating to Windows Server 2008 Consolidate resources on single node ‡ Move all cluster resources to the active node .

Migrating to Windows Server 2008 Take passive node offline ‡ Shut down passive node ‡ Mask SAN storage from passive node (note the disconnected storage on the passive node) .

and install Windows Server 2008 .Migrating to Windows Server 2008 Install Windows Server 2008 ‡ Format the passive node.

Migrating to Windows Server 2008 Configure new node & unmask storage ‡ Unmask SAN storage ‡ Configure shared storage in Windows Server 2008 ‡ Configure a new. distinct cluster group .

Migrating to Windows Server 2008 Migrate resources to new node ‡ Check to make sure that no clustered applications or file shares have dependencies set for cluster group resources ‡ Use the Cluster Resource Migration wizard to migrate clustered file shares and applications to the Windows Server 2008 failover cluster .

power down the remaining Windows Server 2003 node ‡ Mask storage from the remaining Windows Server 2003 node .Migrating to Windows Server 2008 Take remaining node offline ‡ After all applications and file shares are migrated and tested.

Migrating to Windows Server 2008 Install and configure new node ‡ Install Windows Server 2008 on the new cluster node .

Migrating to Windows Server 2008 Move cluster resources back to original locations ‡ Unmask SAN connection ‡ Join the new node to the cluster group ‡ Move cluster applications and resources back to original locations .

demonstration Cluster Failover Process    Take active node offline Update or repair offline node Bring passive node online to support cluster resources .

Updating Windows Server 2008 Failover Clusters Typical Configuration ‡ Active/Passive configuration ‡ Shared storage ‡ Dedicated cluster heartbeat connection ‡ Dedicated public network connection .

Updating Windows Server 2008 Failover Clusters Consolidate resources ‡ Move all cluster resources to the active node ‡ Failover process streamlined in Windows Server 2008 failover clusters ± faster than ever ‡ Install updates on the offline node .

Updating Windows Server 2008 Failover Clusters Move resources to updated node ‡ Move all cluster resources to the recently updated node ‡ Test and verify application updates .

Updating Windows Server 2008 Failover Clusters Update offline node ‡ Install updates on the offline node .

Updating Windows Server 2008 Failover Clusters Move resources back to original node ‡ Move all cluster resources to the original node .

Benefits Support for more cluster nodes. now a maximum of 16 per cluster group Support for larger volumes.0± based console Migration wizard Greatly simplifies moving cluster resources from Windows Server 2003 to Windows Server 2008 clusters . now greater than 2 TB with GPT partitions Centralized management with new MMC 3.0± 3.

Best Practices Cluster resources Clearly define cluster dependencies to reduce resource conflicts during migrations Migration wizard Use to simplify moving cluster resources from Windows Server 2003 to Windows Server 2008 clusters Storage signatures Windows Server 2008 SCSI-3 signatures do not SCSIoverwrite Windows Server 2003 cluster signatures .

improving the migration approach .Best Practices (cont¶d) Storage masking Allows for existing hardware to be re-used rewithout risking production data Allows for simple disconnect and reconnect of production storage during the upgrade process Phased migration Provides the ability to apply lessons learned from previous deployments.

even disjoined namespaces New management interface provides greater functionality. empowering administrators with greater control and efficiency .Lessons Learned Active/Passive node pairs provide a scalable approach to deploying clusters Distributed File System namespace allows a single cluster to provide DFS services to multiple namespaces.

Session Summary Windows Server 2008 failover clusters bring many new benefits for highly available services and applications Migration wizard greatly simplifies migrations Optimized cluster components offer greater performance and manageability .

Next Steps For more information about Microsoft. visit http://www.microsoft. visit http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008 .com/technet/itshowcase Windows Server 2008 resources: http://www.microsoft.com For more information about Microsoft IT.

microsoft. and other community resources that support this session.microsoft.mspx .com/learning/windowsserver 2008/default.For More Information« Visit TechNet at www.microsoft. visit http://technet2.com/technet For additional information about books. courses.com/windowsserver2008/ and http://www.

microsoft.Questions and Answers Submit text questions by using the ³Ask´ button Don¶t forget to fill out the survey For upcoming and previous live webcasts. Get a free 14-day trial at 14http://www.com/fwlink/?LinkId=41781 Today¶s webcast was presented by using Microsoft Office Live Meeting. visit www.microsoft.microsoft.com/webcasts Got webcast content ideas? E-mail us at Ehttp://go.com/presentlive .

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