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SIPAT SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT SIPAT

PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS


DIARY
FOR
SIPAT STAGE – II
(2 X 500 MW UNITS)

National Thermal Power Corporation


Ltd.
SIPAT

FOREWORD

Efficient and safe operation of Thermal Power Plant depends upon


the awareness, knowledge and competence of O&M personnel.

Power plant is an integrated, but a complex system and it is very much


necessary to provide instant information in compiled and structured
manner of all the systems and sub -systems.

With this objective, O&M/C&I has made an appreciable effort to


bring out a booklet in the form of 'PROTECTION AND INTERLOCK
DIARY' of Stage II.

I look forward with confidence that this P&I diary will be used as
reference document which will assist to enhance the knowledge and
ensure safe and reliable operation of power plant systems.

21st, Dec. 2009


SIPAT

FOREWORD

I am glad that Protections and Interlocks schemes of Sipat Stage - II


have been brought out in the form of a handbook. A thorough
knowledge of Protections and Interlocks will be very much helpful for
running the plant in a safe, reliable and efficient manner. In this regard
O&M-C&I has compiled all the protections and interlocks of SG and
auxiliaries, TG and auxiliaries, BOP (Station C&l) and OFF sites
systems of Sipat stage-II (2X500 MW) in this handbook.

I am sure that the O&M personnel will be benefited with this


handbook and this will go in a long way in ensuring reliable operation
of units.

21th Dec. 2009


SIPAT

INDEX
S. No SG & AUXILLARIES PAGE
1. SG MFT philosophy 1
2. MFT 3
3 Unit purge logic 4
4 Light oil valve 5
5 Heavy oil valve 7
6 Mill 10
7 Raw Coal feeder 12
8 SADC 13
9 ERV 13
10 Scanner air fan 14
11 Seal air fan 14
12 Aux PRDS 15
13 Soot blowing System 20
13 Auxiliary Boiler logic 21
14 Fuel oil pump house logic 24
S. No TG & AUXILLARIES PAGE
1 Turbine protection: power supply and 25
protection philosophy
2 Turbine protection alarms 27
3 Turbine protections 28
4 SGC turbine 29
5 SGC turbine shutdown 34
6 Vacuum breaker 36
7 Starting device & Hp/LP trimming 36
device
8 SLC Drains 38
9 Auto Synchronizer 42
10 SGC Oil supply Sequence 42
11 Aux Oil pump 44
12 DC emergency oil pump 45
SIPAT

S. No TG & AUXILLARIES PAGE


13 Jacking oil pump 45
14 Turnign gear valve 46
15 Vapour extraction fan 46
16 HP Control fluid pump 49
17 HPCF alarms 50
18 SGC Evacuation system 51
19 SGC Evacuation shutdown 52
20 Vacuum pump 52
21 Evacuation alarms 55
22 AAT safety device 57
23 Seal oil system 61
24 Primary water system 61
25 GAMP alarms 62
26 Turbine Fire protection logic 66
S. No BOP (STATION C&I) SYSTEMS PAGE
1. Station C&I philosophy 67
2. ID fan 69
3 FD fan 72
4 PA fan 73
5 SAPH main motor 75
6 SAPH air motor 76
7 PAPH main motor 77
8 PAPH air motor 78
9 BCW pump 78
10 MDBFP 79
11 CEP 81
12 ECW pump (TG) 81
13 ECW pump (SG) 82
14 ACW pump 83
15 CW pump 84
16 SACT fans 86
17 Service water pump 87
SIPAT

S. No BOP (STATION C&I) SYSTEMS PAGE


18 Ash preheater wash pump 87
19 SACW pump 87
20 TDBFP 88
21 HP dosing Phosphate pump 90
23 LP dosing hydrazine dosing pump 91
24 Ammonia dosing pump 90
25 NaoH dosing pump 90
26 DM/CST Condensate transfer p/p 92
27 LP heaters 93
28 HP heaters 95
29 Instrument air compressor 98
30 Plant air compressor 99
S. No OFFSITE SYSTEMS PAGE
1 OFF SITEs Systems 100
2 DM PLANT 101
3 CW TREATMENT 104
4 CPU 106
5 MUPH 108
6 WATER PRETREATMENT 110
7 PT CHLORINATION 113
8 RAW WATER SYSTEM 114
9 CHP 115
10 COOLING TOWER 123
11 FIRE DETECTION & PROTECTION 124
12 HYDROZEN SYSTEM 127
13 ASH HANDLING SYSTEM 129
14 FOUPH 132
15 AWRS 134
16 DAETP 135
PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

STEAM GENERATOR (BOILER)


Introduction
System: FSSS
Type: DCS
Make: maxDNA (Supplied through M/S BHEL)
Version: 4.2 (DPU 4F)
Power supply Scheme
There are two 24V DCDB, each fed by 2 Amar raja make chargers & one set
of battery. Each FSSS panel is fed by two 24 V DC incomer feeders from
DCDBs, with diode auctioneering at panel end, ensuring supply redundancy
in case of one feeder trip. Under Voltage and Over voltage trip relays are
provided in each feeder in FSSS panel.
In FSSS, there are 3 types of 24V DC supplies.
1) 24V DC(S): 24V DC System Supply
2) 24V DC(T): 24V DC Trip Supply
3) 24V DC(N): 24V DC Nozzle Supply
24V DC(S) is used for functioning of DCS cards and field instruments
(Transmitters, Switches, I/P converter and Interposing relays). 24V DC(T) is
used for the operation of only important field drives (HOTV, LOTV, Scanner
air fan dampers and Seal air fan dampers). 24V DC (N) is used for the
operation of all nozzle valves, Mill drives, Raw coal feeder drives, etc…

PROTECTION PHILOSOPHY: MFT is realized in 3 Remote Processing


Units(RPU), comprising of I/O Modules and Distributed Processor
Units(DPU).

Master Fuel Trip (MFT) is configured in 2 out of 3 mode. The configuration


of MFT is as per FIG 1. Triplicate inputs are acquired in 3 independent
modules in 3 channel MFT RPUs. Based on 2 out 3 voting logic and
depending on the system requirement identical programs run in DPUs of the
3 channels. The generation of output in each of the channels is available in
redundant network, which will be used with 2 out of 3 voting in other RPUs
like Oil and coal etc. In addition to this for fuel cut-off drives (LOTV, HOTV,
HONV, LONV, Feeder, Hot Air Gate, Pulveriser) to drive to safe position
hardwired back up is envisaged with the use of combinational relay logic,
which will ensure total fuel cut off.

Triplicate inputs of the field are acquired in three channels of the


independent modules.
The field inputs are connected in parallel to each of the channels. The
discrepancies in actuation associated with these inputs are monitored and

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW -1-


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

annunciated in MMI. Single processor (DPU) is being used in each of the


channel, which will have software 2 out of 3 for generation of MFT. Output
module will generate the MFT, which are used to drive set of contactors.
Based on this 2 out of 3 combinational logics are built to ensure hardware
back up for Fuel cut off drives. For Oil and Coal drive status required in logic
realization of MFT the same is acquired through maxNET.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW -2-


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

1. MASTER FUEL TRIP (MFT)


MFT cause to happen with any one of the following conditions
i) Both ID Fans OFF (2/3logic)
ii) Both FD Fans OFF (2/3logic)
iii) Water Wall Circulation Incorrect (time delay of 5 sec) :
iv) BCW Pump ‘On’ & DP > 10 PSI not There (2/3logic)
v) Both EPB-1, 2 Pressed.
vi) Furnace Pressure Very Low < -175 mm WC (2/3logic)
vii) Furnace Pressure Very High > 150 mm WC. (2/3logic)
viii) Drum Level Very High > 250 mm for 10 sec (2/3logic)
ix) Drum Level Very Low < -375 mm for 5 sec (2/3logic)
x) Air Flow < 30% (< 540 TPH) (2/3logic)
xi) Loss of Re-heater Protection (time delay of 10 Sec).
xii) MFT Network Failure.
xiii) Unit 24 V DC(s) Not Available.
xiv) Unit 24 V DC (T) Not Available (time delay of 2 Sec)
xv) Less than Fire Ball & Loss of 24 V DC (N) in any Elev. in service. (time
delay of 2 Sec):
(a. All Feeders Off &
b. Any Oil Elevation Start Memory Active & Loss of 24V DC (N))
xvi) Unit Flame Failure Trip:
Any Feeder Proven & All Elevation A-K voted no flame*
*No Flame VOTING Logic for Elevation A (Typical for other Elevations):

xvii) Loss of All Fuel Trip:


a) Loss of all fuel trip arming (any elevation any nozzle valve not
closed) &
b) All Feeders Off &
c) HOTV not open or All HONVs closed &
d) LOTV not open or All LONVs closed.
xviii) All Secondary Air Pre-Heaters Off.
xix) All Boiler Feed Pumps Tripped (time delay of 10 Sec.)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW -3-


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

xx) LOSS OF REHEATER PROTECTION

Arming:
Any feeder proven AND
[ Any LPBP stop v/v open & corresponding LPBP CV >2% open ]
AND [ Any HPBP CV v/v > 2% open ]

Protection:
1 Turbine / Generator tripped AND [ Both HPBP control valves
<2% open OR [Both LPBP stop v/v closed OR both LPBP CV
<2% open]
2 Both HP stop valves (or Control valves) closed and both HP
bypass control valves <2% open
3 Both IP stop valves (or Control valves) closed and both LP
bypass stop valves closed (or control valves <2% open)

2. BOILER PURGE PERMISSIVES

i) No Boiler Trip Conditions in all the Three Channels.


ii) Both PA Fans Off.
iii) HOTV Closed.
iv) All Elevations HONV Closed.
v) LOTV Closed.
vi) Elevation AB All LONV Closed.
vii) All Feeders Off.
viii) All Hot Air Gates Closed.
ix) All Elevations Disc scanners Show No Flame.
x) All Elevations Fire Ball scanners Show No Flame.
xi) All Auxiliary Air Dampers Modulating.
xii) Total Air Flow < 40% & > 30 % (< 720 TPH & > 500 TPH.)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW -4-


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

3. LIGHT OIL TRIP VALVE (LOTV)

Valve open permissives:


i) Unit 24 V DC Power Available
ii) No Close Command
iii) Light Oil Supply Pressure OK (> 14.5 Ksc)
iv) Elevation AB All LONV Closed
v) No MFT

Protection close conditions:


i) Light Oil Header Pressure Very Low (< 3.5 Ksc with delay 5 Sec) & any
LONV not closed
ii) Atomizing Air Press Very Low (< 3.5 Ksc with delay 5 Sec) & any LONV
not closed & No LO Start/Stop in Elevation AB.
iii) MFT operated(2 out of 3 Logic)
iv) Loss of unit +24V DC(S) supply.

4. LIGHT OIL ELEVATION START PERMISSIVES

Elevation start permissives:


i) Purge completed & No MFT.
ii) Any one of the following conditions present
a) Any feeder ‘ON’
b) Burner Tilt Horizontal & total Air Flow < 40% (< 720 TPH.)
c) Any Elevation ¾ Nozzle valves Open
iii) LOTV Open
iv) Any one of the following conditions present
a) LFO mian control valve more than 2% open & its isolation valve open
b) LFO stdby control valve more than 2% open & its isolation valve open
LO Elevation trip conditions:
i) Master Fuel Trip Operated
ii) LOTV Not Opened
iii) a) LFO mian control valve less than 2% open (OR) its isolation valve
not open &
b) LFO standby control valve less than 2% open (OR) its isolation
valve not open

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW -5-


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

5. ATOMIZING AIR NOZZLE VALVE


Valve open permissives:
Either of the following conditions must be present
1. i) HEA Rod advanced &
ii) Oil Gun Engaged. &
iii) Elevation AB LO Selected & Light Oil Corner Start &
iv) Manual Isolating Valves for LO & Atomizing Air Open &
v) Scavenge Nozzle Valve Closed &
vi) No auto Closing Conditions.
2. i) LONV Closed &
ii) Elev AB LO selected & Scavenging “ON” & No Auto closing
conditions present

Auto close conditions:

i) Atomizing Air Manual Isolating Valve Not open


ii) LO Manual Isolating Valve Not open
iii) EL AB HO Selected
iv) EL AB Back up trip
v) Local Gun Maintenance switch in ‘OFF’ position
vi) Oil Gun Not Engaged
vii) With all the following conditions present
a) LO Corner Start time expired
b) Elevation AB LO Selected and scavenge not “ON”
c) Scanner Show no Flame OR LO Nozzle valve not open OR
Atom Air Nozzle valve not open

6. LIGHT OIL NOZZLE VALVE(LONV)


Valve open permissives:
i) Atomizing Air Nozzle Valve Open
ii) Atomizing Air Nozzle Valve No Auto Closing Conditions
iii) Scavenging Not “ON”
iv) 24 V DC Power Supply Available.
v) H.O Not selected.

Auto close conditions:


i) Scavenging Mode “ON”
ii) LONV Not closed & No Flame Condition for 10 sec
iii) MFT Operated
iv) Atomizing Air Nozzle valves auto close conditions present.
v) Loss of 24V DC(S) in OIL Elevation AB

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW -6-


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

7. HEAVY OIL TRIP VALVE (HOTV)


Valve open permissives:
Either the following conditions present
1. i) HO Supply Pressure Adequate (> 16 Ksc) &
0
ii) HO Supply Temperature Adequate (>120 C ) &
iii) No MFT &
iv) All Elevation HONV Closed &
v) No Auto close conditions &
vi)Unit 24V DC(S) Available
2. i) Unit 24V DC(S) Available &
ii) HO Recirculation Valve Open &
iii) No Auto close conditions
iv) No MFT
Auto close conditions :
i) HO Header Temp Very Low (<85°C with 5sec delay) & any HONV not
closed
ii) HO Header Press Very Low (< 3.5 Ksc with 5sec delay) & any HONV not
closed
iii) Atomizing Steam Press Very Low (< 3.5 Ksc with 5sec delay) & any
HONV not closed & No HO Start /Stop in any elevation
iv) MFT Operated
v) Unit 24V DC(s) not Available.
8. HEAVY OIL ELEVATION START PERMISSIVES
Elevation start permissives
i) Purge completed & No MFT.
ii) Any one of the following conditions present
a) Any feeder ON
b) Burner Tilt Horizontal & Air Flow < 40% (< 720 T/H)
c) Any Elevation ¾ Nozzle valves Open
iii) HOTV Open
iv) Any one of the following conditions present
a) HFO Iso valve before HOFCV (HO33A) Open & HOFCV (HO33A ) >
2% open
b) HFO Iso valve before HOFCV (HO33B) Open & HOFCV (HO33B ) >
2% open
c) HFO isolation valve before HO bypass Inching valve (HO35B) Open &
HO bypass inching valve (HO35B) > 2% open
HO Elevation trip conditions
i) Master Fuel Trip Operated

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW -7-


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

ii) HOTV Not Opened


iii) a) HFO Iso valve before HFOCV (HO33A) Not Open (OR) (HO33A ) <
2% open &
b) HFO Iso valve before HFOCV (HO33B) Not Open (OR) (HO33B ) <
2% open &
c) HFO isolation valve before HO bypass Inching valve (HO35B) Not
Open (OR) HO bypass inching valve (HO35B) < 2% open

9. HEAVY OIL RETURN VALVE(HORV)


Valve open permissives
i) All HO Nozzle valves Closed
ii) No Master Fuel trip Operated
iii) No HORV Closing Conditions

Valve auto close conditions:


i) Any HONV Not Closed
ii) Master Fuel Trip Operated

10 ATOMIZING STEAM NOZZLE VALVE


Valve open permissives
i) HEA Rod advanced
ii) Oil Gun Engaged
iii) HO Selected
iv) HO Manual Isolating Valve Open
v) Atom Steam Manual Isolating Valve Open
vi) Any one of the following conditions must be present
a) LGM switch in remote & Scavenge Nozzle Valve Closed
b) LGM switch in scavenge mode .
vii) No auto closing conditions present

Valve auto close conditions:


i) LGM switch is in OFF mode
ii) Oil Gun Not Engaged
iii) Elevation Backup trip
iv) Atom Steam Manual Isolating Valve Not open
v) Elevation AB LO Selected
vi) HO Manual Isolating Valve Not open
vii) Master Fuel Trip operated
viii) Elevation AB LO Selected
ix) No scavenge and corner start time elapsed

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW -8-


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

11 HEAVY OIL NOZZLE VALVE (HONV)

Valve open permissives:


i) Atom steam nozzle valve Open
ii) LGM switch not in Scavenge mode
iii) 24V DC Power Available
iv) Atomizing steam nozzle valve auto close conditions not present.
Valve auto close conditions;
i) Atom Steam Auto Closing Conditions Present
ii) MFT Operated
iii) LGM switch in Scavenge or OFF mode
iv) Loss of 24V DC Power supply.
v) HONV Not closed & No Flame Condition for 10 sec

12 SCAVENGE NOZZLE VALVE

Valve opening permissives:


i) Atomizing steam/air nozzle valve Open
ii) Atomizing steam/air nozzle valve Auto Close Conditions Not Present
Valve auto closing conditions:
i) LGM switch in ‘OFF’ Position
ii) Oil Gun Not Engaged
iii) Elevation Back up Trip present

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW -9-


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

13. MILL (PULVERIZER)

MILL Start permissives:


i) SA HDR/ Pulverizer Bowl DP Adequate > 250 mm WC
ii) MILL Status ‘Off’
iii) Pulverizer Unsuccessful elevation start not present
iv) Bunker Outlet Gate open.
v) Feeder Inlet Gate open.
vi) Mill Discharge Valve open.
vii) Lube oil temperature is adequate(>20ºc)
viii) Any lube oil on & lube oil pres. after cooler adequate(>0.8bar)
ix) LOP discharge flow adequate(> 119 LPM)
x) Lube Oil Filter Differential Pressure Not High(< 2 Ksc)
xi) Any mill bearing temps of gearbox not high(< 75 ºc)
0
xii) Mill Outlet temp not high( < 60 C)
xiii) Cold Air Gate open.
xiv) Tramp Iron Hopper Valve open.
xv) Pulverizer ignition Permit available
xvi) MILL Trip conditions not present
xvii) P A header pressure adequate(>700mmwc)
xviii) All Burner Isolation Gates open.
xix) Pulverizer /oil elevation Start permit.

MILL Protection conditions:

i) MFT Acted.
0
ii) Motor Winding Temp Very high (> 130 CTime delay of 5 Sec)
0
iii) Motor Bearing Temp Very high (> 90 C Time delay of 5 Sec)
0
iv) Mill Bearing Temp Very High (> 80 C Time delay of 5 Sec)
0
v) MILL “ON” and Lube Oil Temp high( > 65 C)
vi) MILL “ON” & Both Lube Oil Pumps off (time delay of 2 Sec).
vii) Lube Oil Pres Very low (< 0.5 Bar time delay of 15 Sec)
viii) Lube oil flow to gearbox is very low( < 104 LPM)
ix) Pulverizer “ON” & SA HDR/Bowl DP low (time delay of 1 Min) < 200
mmWC.
x) Gravimetric Feeder ON for < 3 min while started & Ignition permit
not available
xi) Pulverizer Discharge valve not open.
xii) Any burner isolating gates not open.
xiii) PA header pr v.low (< 500 mmwc)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 10 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

xiv) PA header pr low (< 625 mmwc with time delay of 20 sec)
xv) Both PA fans tripped
xvi) Both FD fans tripped
xvii) Fast cutback present & more than 5 Mills are running (applicable for
mills-F to K )
xviii) Loss of elevation +24 V power supply.

Lub Oil Pump Start permissives:


i) Lube Oil Level Adequate.

Lub Oil Pump protection:


i) Tank lube oil level low (time delay of 5 sec)

Lub Oil Pump Stop permissives


i) MILL “OFF” > 60 min
ii) Both Lube Oil Pumps ‘On’

Standby LOP Auto start condition:


i) Lube oil pump running more than 60 sec & pressure low (< 0.8 Ksc).
ii) Lube oil pump fail to start (time delay of 5 Sec)

MILL HOT AIR GATE(HAG)

Open Permissives:
i) MILL On
ii) HAG protection close not present.

Protection close conditions:


i) MILL Off
ii) MILL Outlet Temp High (>100ºc with time delay of 30sec)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 11 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

14. RAW COAL FEEDER

Start permissives:

i) Feeder Switch In Remote


ii) MFT Not Acted
0
iii) Mill Outlet Temp Not low (> 65 C)
iv) Mill On
v) Feeder Seal Air Valve Open
vi) Feeder Speed demand at Minimum
vii) Feeder Outlet Gate Open
viii) Bunker Outlet Gate open.
ix) Feeder Inlet Gate open.
x) Mill Discharge Valve open.
xi) Lube oil temperature is adequate(>20ºc)
xii) Any lube oil on & lube oil pres. after cooler adequate(>0.8bar)
xiii) LOP discharge flow adequate(> 119 LPM)
xiv) Lube Oil Filter Differential Pressure Not High( < 2 Ksc)
xv) Any mill bearing temps of gearbox not high (< 75 ºc)
xvi) Cold Air Gate open.
xvii) Tramp Iron Hopper Valve open.
xviii) P A header pressure adequate(>700mmwc)
xix) All Burner Isolation Gates open.
xx) Mill Ignition Permit Available

Protection stop conditions:

i) Feeder Switch Not In Remote


ii) MFT Operated
iii) Mill Off
iv) Feeder On > 45 sec & no coal on belt
v) Pulverizer Ignition Permit not available and Ignition Support
required
vi) Unit 24 V DC(s) not available.
vii) Coal Motion Monitor Relay acted(From Feeder panel)
viii) Discharge plugged (From Feeder panel)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 12 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

15. EQUIPMENT SECONDARY AIR DAMPER CONTROL

Aux. Air Damper Auto Open (100%) conditions:


(APPLICABLE TO AB, BC, CD, DE, EF, FG, GH, HJ, JK, KK )
Any one of the following conditions present
i) Furnace to Wind Box DP > 240 mm WC.
ii) MFT Operated
iii) Both ID Fans OFF
iv) Both FD Fans OFF

* Generally the aux air dampers modulate (open) to maintain


windbox/Furnace DP. If any oil elevation is in service that oil air damper will
open fixed %.(60%).

Aux. Air Damper Auto close (100%) conditions:


i) Associated Coal elevations and the associated Oil elevation are not in
service

Fuel Air Damper Auto Open(100%) conditions:


Any one of the following conditions present
i) MFT Operated
ii) Both ID Fans OFF
iii) Both FD Fans OFF

* Generally fuel air dampers modulate (open) according to the Feeder


speed.
Fuel Air Damper Auto close(100%) conditions:
i) Associated Coal elevation not in service

16. ERV Settings

2
Sl. Location Valve Tag No. Set pressure Kg/Cm
No. Open Close
1 MS LINE (L) SV 9 185.5 180.5
2 MS LINE (R) SV 10 185.5 180.5
3 MS LINE (L) SV11 186.6 181
4 MS LINE (R) SV12 186.6 181
5 MS LINE (R) SV13 186.6 181
6 RH LINE (L) SV 22 48.4 47.1
7 RH LINE (R) SV23 48.4 47.1
8 RH LINE (L) SV24 48.9 47.6
9 RH LINE (R) SV25 48.9 47.6

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 13 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

17. SCANNER AIR FAN

Stop permissives:
i) Both scanner air fans on
ii) Scanner Air HDR/Furnace DP not Low (<200 mmWC) OR MFT

Auto start conditions:


i) No MFT & Scan - Furnace DP Low (TD 5 Sec).
ii) Other Scanner fan fails to start
iii) Unit 24 v DC(s) not available (Hardwired).

Protection stop conditions:


i) Both Scanner air fans fail to start( delay of 10 sec)

18. SEAL AIR FAN

Start permissives:
i) Outlet Damper LS Feedback Closed.

Auto start conditions


i) Either PA Fan On & Seal Air HDR/Cold Air Duct DP Low (time delay 10
Sec) <200 mmWC
ii) Other Seal air Fan fail to start

Stop permissives:
i) Both seal air fans on
ii) Seal Air HDR/Cold Air Duct DP not Low <200 mmWC.

Protection stop conditions


i) Both PA Fans Off (time delay of 15 Sec).
ii) Both Seal air fans fail to start

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 14 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

19. APRDS SYSTEM

HT PRDS INLET ISOLATING VALVE AS- 21

OPEN PERMISSIVE
1 HT PRDS Isolating vlv AS- 21 IBV open

AUTO OPEN
1 HT PRDS control valve AS- 22 > 2 % open
2 HT PRDS Isolating vlv AS- 21 IBV open Time delay 5 sec

AUTO CLOSE
1 HT PRDS control valve AS- 22 < 2 % open Time delay 1.5 sec

RELEASE CLOSE
1 HT PRDS control valve AS-22 < 2 % open

HT PRDS ISOL. VALVE AS- 21 IBV

AUTO OPEN
1 HT PRDS Isolating vlv AS- 21 open command
2 HT PRDS control valve AS- 22 > 2 % open Time delay 5 sec

AUTO CLOSE
1 HT PRDS Isolating vlv AS- 21 open
2 HT PRDS control valve AS -22 < 2 % open Time delay 1.5 sec

HT PR CONTROL VLV AS- 22

PROTECTION CLOSE
1 MFT operated
2 HT PRDS Temp V High > 350 deg C or LT PRDS Temp V High >
320 deg C
3 CRH press > 31 ksc AND AS- 22 <10 % open

FORCED TO AUTO
1 AS-26 > 90 % open and AS-26 in auto
2. CRH pressure < 15 Ksc
3 HT PRDS pr < 8 Ksc Time delay 10 sec

FORCED TO MANUAL
1 HT PRDS pr transmitter deviation hi
2 AS-22 feedback bad
3 AS-22 Feedback < 10 % and CRH pressure > 31 ksc and both AS-
22 and AS-26 in AUTO
4 HT PRDS both pressure transmitters failed

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 15 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

LT PRDS INLET ISOLATING VLV AS- 25

AUTO OPEN
1 LT PR control valve AS- 26 > 2 % open

AUTO CLOSE
1 LT PR control valve AS- 26 <2 % open Time delay 5 min

RELEASE CLOSE
1 HT PRDS control valve AS26 <2 % open

LT PRDS CV BYP ISOLATION VLV AS- 28

AUTO OPEN
1 LT PR CV bypass valve AS- 29 > 2 % OPEN

LT PR CONTROL VLV AS- 26

AUTO CLOSE
1 CRH press < 18 ksc

PROTECTION CLOSE
1 MFT operated
2 HT PRDS Temp V High > 350 deg C OR LT PRDS Temp V High >
320 deg C

FORCED TO AUTO
1 AS-22 in auto
2 CRH pressure >31 ksc
3 AS-22 Feedback < 10 %

FORCED TO MANUAL
1 CRH pressure < 18 ksc
2 MFT operated
3 HT PRDS Temp V High > 350 deg C or LT PRDS Temp V High >
320 deg C
4 AS-26 Feedback bad
5 HT PRDS pressure transmitters deviation hi
6 AS-22 in auto and AS22 > 2 % open and as-26 open and AS-26 in
auto
7 HT PRDS both pressure transmitters failed

LT PRDS DESH. VALVE AS- 181

AUTO OPEN
1 HT PR control valve AS- 22 > 2% open
2 LT PR control valve AS- 26 > 2% open

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 16 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

SPRAY BLOCK VALVE to PRDS FDV 43


AUTO OPEN
1 HT PR control valve ASV 22 > 2% open
2 LT PR control valve ASV 26 > 2% open
3 LT PR control valve bypass line AS 29 > 2% open
RELEASE CLOSE
1 HT PR control valve ASV 22 < 2% open AND
LT PR control valve ASV 26 < 2% open
PROTECTION CLOSE
1 MFT operated
AUTO CLOSE
1 HT PR control valve AS- 22 < 2% open Time delay 5 min
2 LT PR control valve AS- 26 < 2% open Time delay 5 min
3 LT PR control valve AS- 29 < 2% open Time delay 5 min
HT PRDS SPRAY ISOLATING VLV FDV 29
AUTO OPEN
1 HT PR control valve ASV 22 > 2% open & main line selected
2 HT APRDS spray control vlv FDV 30 > 2 % open & main line
selected
AUTO CLOSE
1 HT PR control valve ASV 22 < 2% open Time delay 5 min
PROTECTION CLOSE
1 HT PRDS temp < 250 deg C & FDV 30 < 2 % open & bypass line
selected
LELEASE CLOSE
1 HT PRDS AS22 <2 % open
HT PRDS SPRAY PR. CONTROL VLV FDV 30
FORCED TO AUTO
1 Main line selected and AS-22 > 2 % open
FORCED TO MANUAL
1 HT PRDS main line spray pressure transmitter readings BAD
2 HT PRDS main line spray pressure transmitter readings deviation
hi
3 Bypass line selected
4 FD-30 Feedback BAD
AUTO CLOSE
1 HT PRDS control valve AS- 22 < 2% close for >5 min
2 Bypass line selected

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 17 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

HT PRDS SPRAY TEMP CONTROL VALVE FDV 31

AUTO CLOSE
1 HT PRDS control valve ASV 22 < 2% open for 5 min
2 Bypass line selected or HT PRDS HDR temp < 250 deg C

PROTECTION CLOSE
1 MFT operated

FORCED AUTO
1 HT PRDS control valve ASV 22 > 2 % open and main line selected

FORCED MANUAL
1 HT PRDS hdr temp readings BAD
2 HT PRDS temp readings deviation hi
3 Bypass line selected
4 FD-31 Feedback BAD

LT PRDS SPRAY ISOLATING VLV FDV 33

AUTO OPEN
1 LT PRDS control valve ASV 26 > 2 % open & main line selected
2 HT PRDS control valve ASV 22 > 2 % open & main line selected

RELEASE CLOSE
1 LT PRDS control valve ASV 26 < 2 % open AND
HT PRDS control valve ASV 22 <2 % open

PROTECTION CLOSE
1 LT spray control valve FD35 < 2% open & bypass line line selected

AUTO CLOSE
1 HT PR control valve AS- 22 < 2 % open (time delay of 5 min)
2 LT PR control valve AS- 26 < 2 % open (time delay of 5 min)
3 LT PR control valve AS- 29 < 2 % open (time delay of 5 min)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 18 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

LT PRDS TEMP PR. CONTROL VLV FDV46

AUTO CLOSE
1 AS- 22 < 2 % close AND AS- 26 < 2 % close AND AS- 29 < 2 %
close for 5 min

PROTECTION CLOSE
1 MFT operated or bypass line selected

FORCED AUTO
1 Main line selected and
2 ASV 22 > 2 % open OR ASV 26 > 2 % open

FORCED MANUAL
1. LT PRDS hdr temp readings BAD
2. LT PRDS temp readings deviation hi
3. Bypass line selected
4. FD-46 FB BAD

LT PRDS SPRAY CONTROL VALVE FDV 35

AUTO CLOSE
1 AS- 22 < 2 % close AND AS- 26 < 2 % close AND AS- 29 < 2 %
close for 5 min

PROTECTION CLOSE
1 MFT operated or bypass line selected

FORCED AUTO
1 Main line selected and
2 ASV 22 > 2 % open OR ASV 26 > 2 % open

FORCED TO MANUAL
1. LT PRDS main line spray pr transmitter readings BAD
2. LT PRDS main line spray pr transmitter readings deviation hi
3. Bypass line selected
4. FD-35 Feedback BAD

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 19 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

20 SOOT BLOWING SYSTEM


SB DRAIN V/V [SB24, SB29, SB38, SB47, SB76, SB78]

AUTO OPEN
1 Drain temp < 220 deg C

] AUTO CLOSE
1 Drain temp > 250 deg C

SB AUX STEAM V/V SB9

AUTO OPEN
1 SD23 inching v/v >2 % open

AUTO CLOSE
1 SD23 inching v/v <2 % open

SOOT BLOWER CONTROLS FAULT


1 Soot blower steam pressure low (< 25 Ksc)
2 Emergency retract
3 MFT operated
4 24 V DC failure
5 Sequence interrupted
6 Blower over run (90 sec for WB and 15 min for LRSB)

WB SBC RELEASE AVAILABLE


1. Any SB isolating v/v open
2. All blowers home position
3. SB stm pr adequqte (>12 Ksc)
4. SB stm temp adequate (> 300 deg C)

LR SBC RELEASE AVAILABLE


1. All blower in home position
2. SB stm pr adequqte (>30 ksc)
3. SB stm temp adequate (> 380 deg C)
4. Any isolation valve open

SB MANUAL START RELEASE

1. All blower Home position


2. Blower selected in remote
3. Any iso valve open
4. WB / LR release available
5. No SBC fault persisting

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 20 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

21 AUXILIARY BOILER

1.PURGE PERMISSIVES:
i) No boiler trip
ii) Burner fuel oil trip valve closed
iii) Main gun atom.air man.isol.valve closed
iv) Aux. gun atom.air man.isol.valve closed
v) Main gun man.scavenge valve closed
vi) Aux. gun man.scavenge valve closed
vii) Main gun man.isol.valve closed
viii) Aux. gun man.isol.valve closed
ix) Burner scanner shows no flame
x) Air flow > 30 % ( 27 T/H )

2. MFT PROTECTIONS

i) Both FD fans off


ii) Emergency trip
iii) Furnace pr. very high (> 300 mmwc)
iv) Drum level very low for more than 5 sec. (<- 184 mmwc)
v) Air flow < 30 % ( 27 t/h )
vi) Loss of all fuel trip
vii) Flame failure trip
viii) DPU network failed
ix) Outputs freezed
x) Loss of 24v dc

3. BOILER FEED PUMP:


Start permissives:
i) BFP bearing temp not high
ii) BFP suction valve open
iii) Feed storage tank level not low( 0 mmwc)
iv) Electrical protection not acted
v) Other BFP in off condition.

Protection stop conditions:


i) BFP bearing temp high
ii) BFP suction filter chocked
iii) BFP motor protection acted
iv) Feed storage tank level very low (<-984 mmwc)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 21 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

4. FD FAN:
Start permissives:
i) Fan inlet damper position is min. opening (5%)
ii) Fan outlet damper in the closed position
0
iii) Fan DE bearing temp not very high (<105 c)
0
iv) Fan NDE bearing temp. not very high (<105 c)
v) IGV of fan A & B manual
vi) Both FD fans A&B off

Protection stop conditions:


0
i) Fan DE bearing temp very high (>105 c)
0
ii) Fan NDE bearing temp very high (>105 c)

5. LDO PUMP:
Start permissives:
i) LDO pump no overload trip
ii) LDO storage tank level not very low

Protection stop conditions:


i) LDO pump overload trip
ii) LDO storage tank level very low
iii) LDO pump discharge pressure high (≥15 ksc)

Auto start of LDO pump:


i) Any LDO pump on & discharge pressure low (<1.5 ksc) for >
5sec.
ii) Other LDO pump failed to start

6. PHOSPATE DOSING PUMP:


Start permissives:
i) Dosing tank level adequate
ii) Dosing pump motor electrical protection not acted.
iii) Other dosing pump in off condition

Protection stop conditions:


i) Dosing tank level low
ii) Dosing pump motor electrical protection acted.
iii) Dosing pump discharge pressure low

Auto start of Phos. Dosing pump:


1. Any Phosphate dosing pump on & discharge pressure low for >
5sec.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 22 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

7. PHOSPATE TANK AGITATOR:

Start permissives:
i) Phosphate tank level adequate
ii) Phosphate tank agitator motor electrical protection not acted

Protection stop conditions:


i) Phosphate tank agitator motor electrical protection acted

8. HYDRAZENE DOSING PUMP:

Start permissives:
i) Dosing tank level adequate
ii) Dosing pump motor electrical protection not acted.
iii) Other dosing pump in off condition

Protection stop conditions:


i) Dosing tank level low
ii) Dosing pump motor electrical protection acted.
iii) Dosing pump discharge pressure low

Auto start of Hyd. Dosing pump:


i) Any hyd. dosing pump on & discharge pressure low for > 5sec.

9. HYDRAZINE TANK AGITATOR:

Start permissives:
i) Hydrazine tank level adequate
ii) Hydrazine tank agitator motor electrical protection not acted

Protection stop conditions:


i) Hydrazine tank agitator motor electrical protection acted.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 23 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

FUEL OIL PUMP HOUSE

1. LDO PUMP

Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) LDO suction pressure not low(>-0.1ksc)

Protection stop conditions:


i) LDO storage tank level low
ii) LDO suction pressure low(<-0.1ksc)

2. HFO PUMP

Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) HFO suction pressure not low(>-0.1ksc)

Protection stop conditions:


i) HFO storage tank level low
ii) HFO suction pressure low(<-0.1ksc)

3. DRAIN OIL PUMP

Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Drain oil tank level not low(>-1.85mtr)

Protection stop conditions:


i) Drain oil tank level low(<-1.95mtr)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 24 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

TURBINE GENERATOR
INTRODUCTION
System ATRS
Type DCS
Make MAX DNA (Supplied through M/S BHEL)
Version 4.2.2 (DPU 4F)

Power supply Scheme


There are two 24V DCDB, each fed by 2 Amarraja make chargers & one
set of battery. Each ATRS panel is fed by two 24 V DC incomer feeders from
DCDBs, with diode auctioneering at panel end, ensuring supply redundancy
in case of one feeder trip. Under Voltage and Over voltage trip relays are
provided in each feeder in ATRS panel.

PROTECTION PHILOSOPHY:
Two trip solenoids MAX51AA001 & MAX51AA002 are provided in the
hydraulic
rack, which get electrical trip signals from two independent channels in
remote panel. Actuation of any one solenoid is sufficient to trip the turbine.

Each channel is realized in a Remote Processing Unit (RPU), comprising of


input modules, two (1 in hot standby mode) Distributed Processor Units
(DPU) and output modules.

Trip signals from sensors/field instruments are conditioned & distributed to


both the channels (RPU) through hardwired modules. Trip logic (1/2, 2/3,
2/4) is realized in the RPU. In case of fault in any one input signal, protection
logic changes from 2/4 to 2/3, 2/3 to 1/ 2 and 1/ 2 to 1/1 and the same is
annunciated.

Trip signal from each of the local buses acts on 3 relays in 2 out of 3
combination. Relays and trip solenoids are normally de-energized.
Configuration of the system is shown in following Fig.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 25 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 26 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

1. TURBINE PROTECTION ALARMS


Any one of the following conditions will give the alarm
i) Lube oil pressure low (<1.4 Ksc)
ii) Axial Shift high( +/- 0.5mm)
iii) HP Exhaust temperature high (> 480°c )
iv) Condenser vacuum low (VSP) 0/.
v) Condenser Vacuum low (FSP) Low(>-0.8Ksc)
vi) HP casing top/bottom DT High( > 90°C)
vii) IP Casing front top/bottom DT High( >30°c)
viii) IP casing rear Top/Bottom DT High(>30°c)
ix) Cold gas temperature after cooler A&B high(> 55°c)
x) Cold gas temperature after cooler C&D high( > 55°c)
xi) Primary water temp after cooler High (> 55°c)
xii) Seal oil temp after cooler High( > 50°c )
xiii) Temp. hot air main exciter High(> 75° c )
xiv) Stator winding flow Low (< 54 m3/hr)
xv) Main Bush R flow low (<1.4 m3/hr )
xvi) Main Bush S flow low (<1.4 m3/hr)
xvii) Main Bush T flow low (<1.4 m3/hr )
xviii) Turbine over speed trip (elec. >3240)
xix) Lube oil tank level low (<-100mm )
xx) Fire Protection operated
xxi) Bearing Temperature High (>90°c)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 27 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

2. TURBINE PROTECTIONS
i) Lube oil pressure low <1.2 Ksc (2V3).
ii) Axial Shift high +/- 1.0 mm (2V3).
iii) HP Exhaust temperature high > 500° c (2V3).
iv) Condenser vacuum low (VSP) 0 for 5 min (2V3).
v) Condenser Vacuum low (FSP) Low>-0.7Ksc (2V3).
vi) HP casing top/bottom DT High > 100° C (2V3).
vii) IP Casing Front Top/Bottom DT High >45° c (2V3).
viii) IP casing Rear Top/Bottom DT High>45° c (2V3).
ix) MFT (Boiler trip) to Turbine trip (2V3).
x) Liquid level Main leads Top >MIN (2V3).
xi) Cold gas temperature after cooler A&B high> 60° c (2V3).
xii) Cold gas temperature after cooler C&D high > 60° c (2V3).
xiii) Primary water temp after cooler High > 60° c (2V3).
xiv) Seal oil temp after cooler High > 55° c (2V3).
xv) Temp. hot air main exciter High> 80° c (2V3).
xvi) Stator winding flow Low < 48 m3/hr (2V3) for 5 sec.
xvii) Main Bush R flow low <1.33 m3/hr (2V3) for 5 sec.
xviii) Main Bush S flow low <1.33 m3/hr (2V3) for 5 sec.
xix) Main Bush T flow low <1.33 m3/hr (2v3) for 5 sec.
xx) Turbine over speed trip (elec.) >3270 (2V3).
xxi) Lube oil tank level low <-150mm.
xxii) Generator trip to turbine trip(Elec.) Class A (2V3)
xxiii) Generator Class –B protection (1V2).
xxiv) Emergency trip push button HMI
xxv) Turbine trip Switch 1&2 (Desk) CCR
xxvi) Turbine trip from ATRS (S/D).
xxvii) Fire protection-1 or 2 operated

IMPORTANT NOTES:
iv) Cond Vacuum low (VSP) Arming is done when Turbine speed > 540rpm.
v) Cond Vacuum low (FSP) Arming is done when Turbine speed > 540rpm.
vi) HP Casing Top-Bottom Diff. Temp. Protection Arming is done when Turb
Load > 150MW.
vii) IP Casing Front Top-Bottom Diff. Temp. Protection Arming is done when
Turb Load > 150MW.
viii) IP Casing Rear Top-Bottom Diff. Temp. Protection Arming is done when
Turbine Load > 150MW.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 28 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

3. SEQUENCE, INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION SYSTEMS


SGC TURBINE
SGC Turbine start-up permissives:
i) Starting device 0%
ii) Load set point to turbine control < 0MW
iii) Field Breaker OFF & Gen Breaker OFF
iv) [Drain before HPCV-1 Not Closed (&) Drain before HPCV-2 Not
Closed]
v) Pressure Control in Limit Pressure Mode
vi) Load Controller “ON”
vii) 7. Synchronizer “OFF :
viii) Pressure oil pressure >4.8Ksc

Bypass criteria:
i) [HP ESV 1 or HP ESV 2 Open] (&) [IP ESV 1 or IP ESV 2 Open].
ii) Starting Device >42% (&) Starting Device >56%
iii) Turbine Speed >2850rpm.
iv) ALL ESVs Open OR Turbine Speed >300rpm

STEP 1: SLC drains on command given if release for switching on sgc


turbine startup is available and startup command issued

STEP 2: drain ms strainer 1 and 2 open and drain hrh strainer 1 and 2
open command will be issued if release for step 2 is available as
i) SLC drains “On”
ii) All HP ESV & IP ESV closed
iii) {[HP CV-1 and 2 closed AND IP CV-1 and 2 closed AND NRV CRH
closed]
iv) All extraction valves (A2, A3, A4.1, A4.2, A5) position < 5%

Bypass criteria:
i) ESV open & starting device position > 42 %
ii) Starting device position > 56 % & Turbine position set point control >
0MW
iii) Gen load >10%

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 29 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

STEP 3: drain before hpcv 1 & 2 close command given if release


for step 3 is available as
i) Condenser pressure < 0.5 Ksc
ii) CEP Header pressure >19 Ksc
iii) Turbine Speed >15RPM
iv) SLC Drains no fault
v) Trip fluid Pressure >5Ksc
vi) a) Differential Temp. HPC mid top-bottom < 55ºC
b) Differential Temp. IPC rear top-bottom < 30ºC
c) Differential Temp. IPC front top-bottom <30ºC for 10 sec delay
vii) Drains MS strainer1& 2 open &Drain HRH strainer 1& 2 open

Bypass criteria:
i) Turbine speed >300 rpm

STEP 4: release for step 4 is available as


i) Drain before HPCV1 close & Drain before HPCV2 close

Bypass criteria
i) All HP ESV and IP ESV open

STEP 5: starting device raise command given if release for step


5 is available as
i) HP control fluid temp> 50ºc
ii) Flame in boiler
iii) Oil temp after cooler > 35ºc
iv) Differential Temp. (HP BYP – HP control valve) > X1
v) Differential Temp. (WET STEAM - HP control valve) < X2
vi) Stm Temp. before HPBP S/H > 30ºc & Stm before LPBP S/H > 30 ºc
vii) Plunger coil ON

Bypass criteria:
i) Wall temp after HP Control valve < 100 ºc

STEP 6: release for step 6 is available as


i) Starting device position > 42 % (or) HP ESV 1 OR HP ESV 2 not
closed.

STEP 7: releases for step 7 is available as


i) Both HP ESV 1&2 open

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 30 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

Step 8: drain before HPCV 1 & 2 in auto mode given if release


for step 8 is available as
i) Live steam flow > 15 %
ii) Steam Before HPBP S/H > 30ºc
iii) Steam Before LPBP S/H > 30ºc .

Bypass criteria:
i) Turbine speed> 2850 rpm

Step 9: tracking device on command given if release for step 9


is available as
i) Drain Before HPCV 1& 2 on AUTO

Bypass criteria
i) Turbine speed > 540rpm (or ) Generator Breaker ON.

Step 10: speeder gear raise command is given releases for step
10 is available as
i) Tracking device “ON”
ii) IP ESV 1& 2 Open
iii) If Turbine speed<2800 RPM & Speeder Gear<100%
Step 11: power set point raise command given if release for
step 11 is available as
i) Drains No Fault
i) Gland Steam Pressure Control “ON”
ii) Speeder Gear 100%
iii) Oil Temp Controller in Auto mode
iv) Either Oil Vapor Extractor 1 or 2 ON
v) Gen Bearing Chamber Fan 1 or 2 ON
vi) H2 Temp Control in Auto mode
vii) H2 Concentration >94%
viii) Generator conditions fulfilled with all following conditions
a) Gen gas H2 pr.>3 KSC
b) DP S/O Air-H2 side TS >0.9 KSC
c) DP S/O Air-H2 side ES >0.9 KSC
d) Pr. after SOP H2 side>7 KSC
e) Seal Oil Pre chamber TS <MAX
f) Seal Oil Pre chamber ES <MAX
g) Level Gen liquid <MAX (MKA21CL001)
h) Level Gen liquid <MAX (MKA22CL001)
i)Level Gen lead liquid <MAX (MKA23CL001)
j) Level Gen lead liquid <MAX (MKA23CL011)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 31 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

k) Either SOP 1 AS or SOP 2 AS ON


l) SOP H2 side ON
m) SOP 3 AS Voltage Present
n) Primary Water Temp. Ctrl. in AUTO mode
o) Gen CW Conductivity <1.0 mho
p) Either PW1 or PW2 ON
q) Either Pressure after PW1 or PW2 >MIN
Step 12: turbine speed set point raise command given if release
for step 12 is available as
i) Gen conditions fulfilled
ii) Steam before HP ESV 1 S/H >X3
iii) Steam before HP ESV 2 S/H > X3
iv) Differential Temp. (HP ESV1 – HP CAS) > X4
v) Differential Temp (HP ESV1 – HP SHAFT) > X4
vi) Turbine Speed >15 RPM
vii) Diff Temp (LP BYP-IP Shaft) > X5 OR Reheat Steam > 480°C
viii) Load Set Point >10%
ix) Condenser Pressure < 0.2 Ksc
x) Drain before HPCV 1 & HPCV 2 not closed
Bypass criteria:
i) Turbine Speed>2850 RPM
Step 13: releases for step 13 is available as
i) Turbine speed set point > 360RPM
Bypass criteria:
i) Gen breaker ‘ON’

Step 14: drain ms strainer 1 and 2 and drain hrh strainer 1 and 2
close command given if release for step 14 is available as
i) Turbine Speed > 300 RPM

Step 15: drain hp cv 1 and 2 in manual mode command given if


release for step 15 is available as
i) SGC Turbine Step14 0n delayed 3 min
ii) Turbine Stress Margin > 30ºC
iii) Differential Temp. (HP BYP - HP SHAFT) < X6
iv) Drain MS Strainer 1 Close
v) Drain MS Strainer 2 Close
vi) Drain HRH Strainer 1 Close
vii) Drain HRH Strainer 2 Close
Bypass criteria:
i) wall temp HP casing > 250°C
ii) Turbine speed > 2850 rpm

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 32 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

Step 16: turbine speed set point raise, drain before hpcv 1 and 2
close command given if release for step 16 is available as
i) Drains HPCV 1 & 2 in Manual mode
Step 17 releases for step 17 is available as
i) Turbine Speed Set Point > 3036 rpm

Bypass criteria
i) Generator breaker “ON”
Step 18: AVR in auto mode, field breaker on, DAVR excitation
on command given if release for step 18 is available as
i) Turbine speed > 2950 rpm

Bypass criteria
i) Generator breaker ON
Step 19: drains before hpcv1 and 2 close commands given if
release for step 19 is available as
i) AVR Auto ‘ON’
ii) Field breaker ‘ON’
iii) DAVR Excitation ‘ON’

Bypass criteria:
i) Generator breaker ‘ON’
Step 20: AVR auto on command given if release for step 20 is
available as
i) AOP 1 AND AOP 2 OFF for 10 Sec off delay
ii) Differential Temp (LPBP1- IP SHAFT) < X7
iii) H2 Casing pressure >3 Ksc
iv) Temp cold gas H2 Cooler A/B < 45°C
v) Temp cold gas H2 Cooler C/D < 45°C
vi) Exciter Cold Air < 45°C
vii) Drain before HPCV 1 and 2 Close
viii) Either SOP 1 AS OR SOP 2 AS ON
ix) SOP 1 AS Available
x) SOP 2 AS Available
xi) Primary water temp < 50°C
xii) Conductivity after Main Filter <2.5 µS/cm
xiii) Primary water flow through Stator >54m3/hr & ‘R’ Bushing Flow &
‘S’ Bushing Flow & ‘T’ Bushing Flow >1.4 M3/Hr.
xiv) Differential Temp (PW - H2) > 1k for OFF delay 15 min

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 33 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

Step 21: synchronizer on command given if release for step 21


is available as
i) SGC Turbine step 20 command 15 sec delayed & AVR Auto ‘ON’ &
Generator voltage > 90 % for OFF delay 10 sec

Bypass criteria:
i) Gen breaker ‘ON’ & Gen load >10 %

Step 22: speed set point raise command given if release for step
22 is available as
i) Generator Breaker ‘ON’

Step 23: releases for step 23 is available as


i) SGC Turbine step 22 command 2 sec delayed

Bypass criteria:
i) Gen load >50MW

4. SGC TURBINE SHUTDOWN


SGC turbine shutdown on protection if
i) HP ESV1 & HP ESV2 closed OR IP ESV1 & IP ESC2 closed
ii) Trip fluid pressure <2 KSC
iii) Generator breaker ‘OFF’
Step 51: SLC drains on command given if release for switching
on step 51 is available as
i) HP ESV1 & HP ESV2 closed
ii) IP ESV1 & IP ESC2 closed

Step 52: power set point lower command given if release for
step 52 is available as
i) SLC drains ON

Step 53: turbine speed set point lower, drain ms strainer 1 and 2
open, drain HRH strainer 1 and 2 open command is given if
release for step 53 is available as
i) Power Set point < 0 % (OR) Gen breaker off
ii) Speed control in action

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 34 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

Step 54: electrical turbine trip channel – 1& 2, synchroniser off


command, tracking device off command, field breaker off
command and DAVR excitation off command are issued if
release for step 54 is available as
i) SGC step 53 on 100 sec delayed (or) Generator breaker off
ii) Drain M.S Strainer -1 OPEN
iii) Drain M.S Strainer -2 OPEN
iv) Drain HRH Strainer -1 OPEN
v) Drain HRH Strainer -2 OPEN

Step 55: starting device lower command, drain before hpcv-1


open command, drain before hpcv-2 open command are issued
if release for step 55 is available as
i) Trip fluid pressure < 5 Ksc
ii) Tracking device off
iii) Field breaker status off
iv) All ESV's closed
v) Over speed trip device 1 not operated
vi) Over speed trip device 2 not operated
vii) Synchronizer off

Bypass criteria:
i) Starting device 0%

Step 56: release for step 56 is available if


i) Drain before HPCV 1 open
ii) Drain before HPCV 2 open
iii) Starting device < 0 %
iv) Drains no fault

5. LP WATER INJECTION VALVE (MAC01AA001)


Protection open:
i) SLC LP Water Injection ON & Temp outer casing rear> 90ºc

Auto close conditions:


i) SLC LP Water Injection ON & Turbine speed< 510 rpm & Steam before
IP blade casing > 8 Ksc

SLC LP WATER INJECTION NOT ON APPEARS IF


i) SLC drains off
ii) SLC LP water injection off & Turbine speed >15 rpm

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 35 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

6. VACUUM BREAKER [MAG10AA001]


Open permissives:
[Condenser Absolute Pressure – Value of set point characteristic curve
with reference to speed] <0
Speed VS Vacuum Set point is given below

SPEED VACUUM
1200 1.3
1500 0.81
1800 0.59
2100 0.41
2400 0.32
2700 0.24
3000 0.2

Auto open conditions:


i) [Turbine Tripped AND SLC Vacuum Breaker On AND Turbine Speed
>240 rpm]
ii) SGC Evacuation Step-52.
Auto close conditions:
i) SGC Evac step-2 command issued
Protection close condition:
i) [ Condenser Absolute Pressure – Vacuum Set point Derived from the
Curve]>0
Protection open condition:
i) [Fire Protection – 1 OR Fire Protection – 2 Operated] AND Gen Breaker
Open, Open command will be issued for 3sec only.

7. STARTING DEVICE [MAX47BY001]


Auto rise conditions:
i) SGC step 5 command issued
ii) Tracking device raise command issued
Auto lower conditions:
SGC step 55 command issued
Tracking device lower command issued

8. HP/IP TRIMMING DEVICE [MAX42AA051]


Auto ‘on’ conditions:
i) HP/IP Trim device operated
Protection ‘off’ condition:
i) Actual load < 100MW , Pressure ratio CRH/MS > 0.2 & HP/IP Trim device
not operated

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 36 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

9. SV CRH NRV TEST


Auto ‘on’ conditions:
i) SV CRH NRV test P.B. pressed

Auto ‘off’ conditions:


i) SV CRH NRV test P.B. pressed & [NRV CRH opened 100 % 5 sec
delayed SV CRH NRV test P.B. pressed 10 sec delayed]

10. EXTRACTION SOLENOID A2 [MAX51AA021]


Auto open conditions:
i) LP heater 2 level < max
Protection close condition:
i) LP heater 2 level > max for ON delay of 2 sec

11. EXTRACTION SOLENOID A3 [MAX51AA024]


Auto open conditions;
i) LP heater 3 level < max
Protection close condition:
i) LP heater 3 level > max for ON Delay of 2 sec

12. EXTRACTION SOLENOID A4.1.1 & A4.1.2


[MAX51AA027 & MAX51AA030]
Auto open conditions:
i) DP before NRV Ext A 4.1.1 > 300 mmWC
Protection close condition:
i) DP before NRV EXT A 4.1.1 < 100 mmWC

13. EXTRACTION SOLENOID A4.2.1 & A4.2.2


[MAX51AA028 & MAX51AA031]
Auto open conditions:
i)DP BEF NRV EXT A 4.2 > 300 mmWC
Protection ‘close’ condition:
i) DP BEF NRV EXT A 4.2 < 100 mmWC

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 37 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

14. EXTRACTION SOLENOID A5 [MAX51AA036]


Auto open conditions:
i) HP heater 5A level < max (&) HP heater 5B level < max
Protection close condition:
i) HP heater 5A level > max for 2 secs.
ii) HP heater 5B level > max for 2 secs

15. FIELD BREAKER


Permissives:
i)Turbine speed > 2850 rpm
Auto ‘on’ conditions:
i) SGC step 18 command issued
Auto ‘off’ conditions:
i) SGC step 54 command issued

16. HP EACUATION VALVE [LBJ10AA001]


HP Evacuation valve gets armed for opening when actual load is > 25 MW

Protection Open Conditions:


i) Actual load < 10 MW & Condenser pressure < -0.6 Ksc
ii) Trip fluid press < 2.0 Ksc & Condenser pressure < -0.6 Ksc
Auto Close Conditions:
i) Actual load > 10 MW
ii) Turbine speed < 2000 rpm
iii) Condenser pressure > -0.6 Ksc

SLC DRAINS SEQUENCE INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION


17. DRAIN HP CASING [MAL22AA011]
Protection Open Conditions:
i) HP Evacuation valve is open
Auto open conditions:
i) SLC Drains ‘on’& HP casing top temp < 300 ºc & HP casing bottom
temp< 300ºc
ii) SLC Drains ‘on’ &Either of HP casing top or bottom temp < 300 ºc &
Gen load < 2%
Auto close conditions:
i) SLC Drains ‘on’ , HP casing top temp > 320 ºc & HP casing bottom
temp> 320 ºc
ii) SLC Drains ‘on’ , Either of HP casing top or bottom temp > 320ºc &
Gen load >10 %

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 38 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

18. DRAIN BEFORE IPCV-1 AND IPCV-2 [MAL26AA011 &


MAL27AA011]
Auto open conditions:
i) SLC Drains ‘on’ , Diff temp.(IPCV 1 - CRH ) < 20ºc & Temp. Behind
IPCV -2 < 270ºc
ii) SLC Drains ‘on’ , (Differential temp.(IPCV 1 - CRH ) < 20ºc or Temp.
Behind IPCV 2 < 270 ºc) & IPCV-2 close
Auto close conditions:
i) SLC Drains ‘on’ , Diff temp.(IPCV 1 - CRH ) >50ºc & Temp. Behind
IPCV -2 > 300ºc
ii) SLC Drains ‘on’, (Differential temp.(IPCV 1 - CRH ) >50ºc or Temp.
Behind IPCV 2 >300ºc) & IPCV-2 not closed

19. DRAIN AFTER IPCV-1 AND IPCV-2 [MAL31AA011 &


MAL32AA011]
Auto open conditions:
i) SLC Drains ‘on’ , Diff temp.(IPCV 1 - CRH ) < 20ºc & Temp. Behind
IPCV -2 < 270ºc
ii) SLC Drains ‘on’ , (Differential temp.(IPCV 1 - CRH ) < 20ºc or Temp.
Behind IPCV 2 < 270 ºc) & IPCV-2 close
Auto close conditions:
i) SLC Drains ‘on’ & Diff temp.(IPCV 1 - CRH ) >50ºc & Temp. Behind
IPCV -2 >300ºc
ii) SLC Drains ‘on’ & (Differential temp.(IPCV 1 - CRH ) >50ºc or Temp.
Behind IPCV 2 >300ºc) & IPCV-2 not closed

20. DRAIN EXTRACTION VALVE A5 [MAL47AA011]


Auto open conditions:
i) SLC Drains “on” & Extraction NRV Position EX -A5 < 5 %
ii) SLC Drains “on” & Generator load < 2%.
Auto close conditions:
i) SLC Drain ‘on’, Extraction NRV position EX -A5 > 15% & Gen load >10%

21. DRAIN EXTRACTION VALVE A4.1 [MAL51AA011]


Auto open conditions:
i) SLC Drains “on” & Extraction NRV position EX -A4.1< 5 %
ii) SLC Drains “on” & DP across extraction valve( A 4.1) < 100mmwc
Auto close conditions:
i) SLC Drain on , Extraction NRV position EX - A4.1 > 15 % &DP across
extraction valve (A 4.1) >300 mmwc.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 39 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

22. DRAIN EXTRACTION VALVE A4.1 [MAL52AA011]


Auto open conditions:
i) SLC Drains ‘on’ & Extraction NRV Position Ex A4.2 < 5 %
ii) SLC Drains ‘on’ & DP across extraction valve (A4.2) < 100mmwc.

Auto close conditions:


i) SLC drain ‘on’ & NRV 1 position Ex -4.2 > 15 % & DP across extraction
valve(A 4.2) >300 mmwc .

23. DRAIN EXTRACTION VALVE A3 [MAL54AA011]


Auto open conditions;
i) SLC Drains ‘on’ & Extraction NRV position Ex -A3 < 5 %
ii) SLC Drains ‘on’ & Generator load < 2%.
Auto close conditions:
i) SLC drains ‘on’, Extraction NRV position Ex -A3 >15% & Gen load>10%.

24. DRAIN EXTRACTION VALVE A2 [MAL55AA011]


Auto open conditions:
i) SLC Drains ‘on’ & Extraction NRV position Ex- A2 < 5 %
ii) SLC Drains ‘on’ & Generator load < 2%.
Auto close conditions:
i) SLC drains ‘on’, Extraction NRV position Ex -A2 >15% &
Gen load >10%.

25. DRAIN BEF CRH NRV [MAL65AA011]


Auto open conditions:
i) SLC Drains ‘on’ & CRH NRV closed 0%
ii) SLC Drains ‘on’ & Gen load < 2%
iii) SLC Drains ‘on’ & CRH NRV open < 100
Auto close conditions;
i) SLC Drains ‘on’ & NRV CRH open >100% & Gen load >10 %.

26. DRAIN GLAND STEAM [MAL81AA011]


Auto open conditions:
i) SLC drains ‘on’ & Gland Steam Temp 1 < 120ºc
ii) SLC drains ‘on’ & Gland steam Temp 2 < 120ºc
Auto close conditions:
i) SLC Drains ‘on’ & Gland steam temp 1 >150 ºc & Gland steam temp 1
>150 ºc .

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 40 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

27. WARMUP DRAIN VALVE [MAW10AA011]


Auto open conditions:
i) SC Drain on & Gland Steam Temp Before G.S. control valve < 250ºc
Auto close conditions:
i) SLC Drains on & Gland Steam Temp Before G.S valve >270ºc

28. Drain fault alarm appears any of the following


conditions persists more than 200sec
i) Drain HP casing valve not open & Drain HP casing valve auto open
command issued
ii) Drain before NRV CRH valve not open & Drain Before NRV CRH valve
auto Open Command issued.
iii) Drain Gland Steam valve Not Open & Drain Gland Steam valve auto
open command issued)
iv) (Drain Before/ Aft IPCV-1 not open (or) Drain Before/ Aft IPCV-2 not
open) & Drain Before /Aft IPCV 1/2 Auto Open Command issued
v) Warm up Drain gland steam valve LS not open & TG gland steam before
valve < 210 ºc
vi) Drain Extraction valve A5 not open & Drain Extraction valve A5 auto
open command issued
vii) Drain Extraction valve A4 not open & Drain Extraction valve A4 auto
open command issued
viii) Drain extraction valve A3 not open & DRAIN Extraction valve A3 auto
open command issued
ix) Drain Extraction valve A2 not open & Drain Extraction valve A2 auto
open command issued

29. AUTO SYNCHRONISER


Auto Synchronizer ‘ON’ conditions:
i) Auto syn rel. selected (&) SGC Turbine step 21 command issued (or)
Manual Command Sync SGC Released
ii) Turbine speed > 2850 rpm
iii) GCB synchronizer selection switch on auto
iv) AVR no fault
v) EHTC no fault
vi) Gen breaker not ‘on’
vii) Synchronizer off command not issued
Auto Synchronizer ‘OFF’ conditions:
i) AVR fault appears
ii) EHTC fault appears
ii) SGC turbine step 54 s/d command pulse issued
iv) Gen Breaker ‘ON’ Feedback
v) Synchronizer off command issued.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 41 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

30. SGC OIL SUPPLY SEQUENCE INTERLOCK AND


PROTECTION
Step-1 & Step-2: auxiliary pump-1 and oil vapour extractor -1 on
command is issued if release is available as
i) SGC oil step 1 ‘on’
Step-3: Lube oil temperature control valve auto command is
issued if release is available as
i) Aux oil pump-1 ‘ON’ & Oil vap extractor-1or 2 ‘on’ & Pressure oil pressure
>4.8Ksc
Bypass criteria:
i) Aux oil pump-2 status ‘ON’ OR
ii) Turbine speed > 2850 rpm
Step-4: SLC turning gear valve on command is issued if release
is available as
i) Oil Temp control valve auto on
ii) DP across seal oil air side to H2 side Turbine End(>0.9 Ksc)
iii) DP across seal oil air side to H2 side Exciter End(>0.9 Ksc)
iv) Seal Oil pressure H2 side(> 7.0 Ksc)
v) H2 concentration ( > 94 %)
vi) H2 casing pressure ( > 3.0 Ksc)
vii) Liquid Level in generator Turbine End < max
viii) Liquid Level generator center < max
ix) Liquid level generator Leads< max
x) Either Gen bearing chamber exhauster fan-1 or 2 ‘ON’

Step-5: SLC AOP-1, SLC AOP-2, SLC EOP, SLCJOP-1 AND SLC
JOP-3 ‘on’ command is issued if release is available as
i) SLC Turning gear ‘on’ & turning gear valve opened
ii) SLC Turning gear ‘on’ & Turbine speed >240RPM

Step-6: step will be completed if release is available as


i) SLC Jack oil pump-1 ‘on’
ii) Oil vap extractor 1 or 2 ‘on’
iii) SLC Jack oil pump-3 ‘on’
iv) SLC Emergency oil pump ‘on’
v) SLC Aux oil pump-2 ‘on’
vi) SLC Aux oil pump-1 ‘on’
vii) Turbine speed > 15 rpm

Step-7: step 7 will be completed if release is available as after


monitoring time of 60 sec.
i) Turbine speed > 540 rpm

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 42 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

Step-8: step 8 will be completed if release is available as


i) Jack oil pump-1&3 status ‘off’
ii) Turning gear closed
Step-9: AOP-1 and AOP-2 auto off command is issued if release
is available as
i)Turbine speed > 2850 rpm & Pressure oil pressure> 7Ksc
Step-10: step 10 will be completed if release is available as
i) SGC oil supply step 9 command 0.5 sec delayed
Step-11: step 11 will be completed if release is available as
i) SGC oil supply step-10 command completed 10 sec delayed
ii) Aux. oil pump-1 ‘off’
iii) Aux oil pump-2 ‘off ‘
iv) Emergency oil pump ‘off’
Bypass criteria:
i) Generator load >50MW

31. RELEASE FOR SGC OIL SHUT DOWN IF


i) HP Casing Top Mid Temp < 100ºc & HP Casing Bottom Mid Temp <
100ºc
Step-51: SLC turning gear valve off and gate valve auto close
command is issued if SGC shutdown release is available &
command issued
Step-52: step-52 will be completed release is available as
i) SLC Turning gear ‘off’ &Turning gear valve closed
Step-53: step-53 will be completed release is available as
i) Turbine speed< 10 rpm
Step-54: SLC JOP-1 off, JOP-1 auto off, SLC JOP-3 off and lube
oil TCV trip to manual if release is available as.
i) Step-54 available as after SGC oil supply step-53 completed with 16.67
minutes duration
Step-55: SLC AOP-1 OFF, SLC AOP-2 OFF, AOP-1, AOP-2 and
turning gear valve auto off command is issued if release is
available as.
i) SLC JOP-1 off
ii) SLC JOP-3 off
iii) JOP-1 off
iv) JOP-3 off
v) Lube Oil Temperature Control Valve in Manual.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 43 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

Step-56: SGC shutdown will be completed if release is available


as
i) Emergency oil pump ‘off’
ii) Aux oil pump-2 ‘off’
iii) Aux oil pump-1 ‘off’
iv) SLC Emergency oil pump ‘off’
v) SLC Aux oil pump-2 ‘off’
vi) SLC Aux oil pump-1 ‘off’
vii) Oil temp control valve closed

33. AUXILIARY OIL PUMP - 1


Auto start conditions:
i) SGC oil supply step-2 command i.e., SGC oil supply ‘on’
ii) SLC AOP-1 ‘on’ & AOP-2 ‘off’ & AOP-2 discrepancy
iii)SLC AOP-1 ‘on’ & turbine speed<2800rpm
iv) SLC AOP-1 ‘on’ & oil pressure <4.8Ksc

Auto stop conditions:


i) SGC startup oil supply Step 9 ‘on’
ii) SGC shutdown step-55 ‘on’

Protection stop:
i) Fire Protection-2 Operated

33. AUXILIARY OIL PUMP - 2


Auto start conditions:
i) SLC AOP-2 ‘on’ & AOP-1 ‘off’ & AOP-1 discrepancy & Emergency
switchgear bus voltage healthy
ii) SLC AOP-2 ‘on’ & oil pressure <4.5Ksc & Emergency switchgear bus
voltage healthy.

Auto stop conditions:


i) SGC startup oil supply Step 9 ‘on’
ii) SGC shutdown step-55 ‘on’

Protection stop:
i) Fire Protection-2 Operated

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 44 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

34. DC EMERGENCY OIL PUMP


Auto ‘on’ for SLC EOP
i) Fire Protection-2 Operated
ii) SGC oil step-5 command issued

Protection start:
i) SGC oil step-5 command issued & Lub Oil Pressure <1.1Ksc
ii) Temperature of HP Casing Top or bottom 50% >120ºc & Lub Oil
Pressure <1.1Ksc
Auto start through direct hardwire contact:
SLC EOP ‘on’ & Memory Relay ‘on’ & Lube oil Pressure <1.1Ksc gives
direct Contact to DC Starter Panel.

35. JACKING OIL PUMP -1


Start Permissive:
i) JOP-3 in ‘off’ condition.

Auto start conditions:


i) SLC JOP-1 ‘on’ & Turbine Speed < 510 rpm
Auto stop conditions:
i) SGC step-54 ‘on’
ii) SLC JOP-1 ‘on’ & Turbine speed >540 RPM
iii) SLC JOP-3 ‘on’ & Turbine Speed <510RPM for on delay of 7sec &
Jack Oil Pr < 130KSC.
iv) SLC JOP 3 on and AC JOP 1 voltage fail and turbine speed <2800
RPM.
v) JOP 1 discrepancy and JOP 1 OFF
Protection stop:
i) Fire protection-2 Operated.

36. JACKING OIL PUMP -3


Start Permissive:
i) JOP-1 in ‘off’ condition.
Auto start conditions:
i) SLC JOP- 3 ‘on’ & Turbine speed <510 RPM & JOP pr. <130 Ksc for
7 sec.
ii) SLC JOP-3 ‘on’ & AC JOP-1 Voltage failure & turbine speed <2800
RPM
iii) JOP-1 discrepancy & JOP 1 ‘off ‘or JOP tripped.

Protection Start:
i) Fire protection-2 Operated.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 45 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

38. TURNING GEAR VALVE

Open Permissive:
i) (DP across Seal oil Air to H2 Side Excitor End>1.2Ksc & DP seal oil Air
to H2 Side Turbine End>1.2 Ksc & Pr. Seal oil behind pump H2 side>7
Ksc) OR Turbine speed >15 RPM

Auto open condition:


i) SLC Turning gear ON & Turbine Speed <210 rpm.

Auto close condition:


i) SGC oil supply step-51 ‘on’
ii) SLC turning gear ‘on’ & turbine speed >240 RPM

Protection close condition:


i) Lube Oil Pressure before bearings< 1.2 Ksc

38. VAPOUR EXTRACTOR FAN-1


Auto start condition:
i) Through SGC Supply Step-2
(As soon as SGC oil Supply made ON)- For Extractor 1 only

Auto stop condition:


i) Standby Oil Vapor Extractor ‘ON’ (only for VAP EXTR-1 )

39. VAPOUR EXTRACTOR FAN-2


Auto start condition:
i) Oil vapor Extractor 1 off and Oil Vapor Extractor 1 discrepancy or Oil
vapor extractor-1 tripped.

40. LEAKAGE OIL PUMP


Auto start condition:
i) Leakage oil tank level > 50%.

Auto stop condition:


i) Leakage oil tank level < Minimum

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 46 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

41. OIL ALARMS

1. JACKING OIL PRESSURE LOW


i) Turbine Speed < 510 rpm & Turbine Speed > 15 rpm & Jacking Oil
Pressure < 130 Ksc

2. RESERVE OIL PUMP ON


i) Emergency Oil Pump ON.
ii) JOP-3 ON.

3. SWITCHOFF OIL PUMPS


i) AOP-1 OR AOP-2 ON & Turb speed > 2850 rpm & Pr. Oil Pr> 7 Ksc

4. LUBE OIL PRESSURE LOW


i) Turbine Speed > 15 rpm & Lube oil pressure < 4.5 Ksc

5. LUBE OIL PRESS. V. LOW


i) Turbine Speed > 15 rpm & Lube oil pressure < 1.1Ksc.

6. DP ACROSS LUBE OIL FILTER HIGH


i) DP across Lube oil filter High > 0.9 Ksc.

7. TURNING GEAR VALVE NOT CLOSED


i)Turbine Speed > 540 rpm & Turning gear limit switch not closed status.

8. LEAKAGE OIL TANK LEVEL HIGH


i) Level > 50% (Direct from the Level Switch).

9. J O Filter choked > 4.2 Ksc (Direct from the Pressure Switch).

10. Oil temp after cooler High > 50 C.

11.AOP-1 Pressure check OK


i) AOP-1 ‘ON’ & Turbine Speed >2850rpm & AOP-1 Disch Pr >6.2Ksc.

13.AOP-2 Pressure check OK


i) AOP-2 ON & Turbine Speed >2850rpm & AOP-2 Discharge Pr>6.2Ksc.

14.EOP Pressure check OK


i) EOP ON & Turbine Speed >2800rpm & EOP Discharge Pr>2.3Ksc.

15. JOP-1 Tripped.


i) JOP-1 tripped.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 47 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

42. HP CONTROL FLUID PUMP – 1


Auto start condition:
i) SLC HPCF Pumps ‘ON’ & HPCF P/P-2 dish. Pr <26 Ksc.
ii) SLC HPCF Pumps ‘ON’ & HPCF P/P-2 Tripped OR HPCF-2
Discrepancy.
iii) SLC Control fluid on for 10 sec & Manual Pre selection selected for
HPCF 1.
Auto stop condition:
i) SGC HPCF shutdown Command 71
Protection stop condition:
i) Fire Protection-1 OR Fire Protection-2 Operated.

43. HP CONTROL FLUID PUMP – 2


Auto start condition:
i) SLC HPCF Pumps ON & HPCF P/P -1 discharge .Pressure < 26 Ksc
ii) SLC HPCF Pumps ON & HPCF P/P-1 Tripped OR HPCF-2 Discrepancy.
iii) SLC Control fluid ON for 10 sec & Manual Pre selection selected for
HPCF 2
Auto stop condition:
i) Through SGC HPCF shutdown Command 71
Protection stop condition:
i) Fire Protection-1 OR Fire Protection-2 Operated.

44. HPCF VAPOUR EXTRACTOR -1


Auto start condition:
i) HP Control Fluid Press > 30 Ksc for 5 sec.
ii) HPCF vapor Extration-2 tripped

45. HPCF VAPOUR EXTRACTOR -2


Auto start condition:
i) HPCF Vapor Extractor-1 tripped

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 48 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

46. HPCF CIRCULATION PUMP - 1


Start permissive:
i) HPCF Circulation P/P-2 OFF
Auto start condition:
i).SGC HPCF ON & HPCF Pr. >30KSC & one of the HPCF Vap Extractor
ON
Auto stop condition:
i) SGC HPCF shutdown Command 71

protection stop conditions:


i) HPCF Protection Suction vessel level < Min
ii) Fire Protection-1
iii) Fire Protection-2 Pressed.

47. HPCF CIRCULATION PUMP - 2


Start permissive:
i) HPCF Circulation pump-1‘OFF’

Auto start condition:


i) HPCF Circulation pump-1 ‘off’ & HPCF pressure >30KSc for 5 sec

Auto stop condition:


i) SGC HPCF shutdown Command 71

protection stop conditions:


i) HP Protection Suction vessel level < Min
ii) Fire Protection-1
iii) Fire Protection-2 Pressed

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 49 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

48. HPCF ALARMS

1. Leakage Level High


i) Speed change over device leakage detected
ii) Hydraulic pressure water injection valves leakage detected
iii) Over speed governor leakage detected.

2. Hydraulic control fluid pressure low


i) HPCF Pressure after P/P-1 < 26 Ksc & HPCF Press. after P/P-2 < 26
Ksc & Turbine speed > 15 rpm

3. HPCF Filter DP High


i) Filter Supply Units DP >0.6Ksc
ii) CF filters DP >0.6Ksc
iii) LP Bypass filter DP>0.6 Ksc

4. Water in CF Tank High


i) CF Conductivity High.

5. HP Control Fluid temperature fault


i) HPCF Temp <50ºc & Turbine Speed >15 RPM
ii) HPCF Temp >60 ºc .

6. HPCF Running Circulating/ Vapor Extractor Tripped


i) HPCF recirculation pump-1 Tripped
ii) HPCF recirculation pump -2 Tripped
iii) HPCF Vapor Extr-1 Tripped
iv) HPCF Vapor Extr-2 Tripped

7.HPCF tank level


i) HIGH > +150mm
ii) LOW <-30 mm
iii) LOW LOW <-80mm

8. Switch OFF HPCF recirculation pump


i) HPCF Circulation P/P-1 ON & HPCF Circulation P/P-1 ON

9. Vapor Extraction System Trouble


i) HPCF Vapor Extractor-1 & Vapor Extractor-2 Not ON & HPCF
Pressure>30Ksc.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 50 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

49. SGC EVACUATION SEQUENCE INTERLOCK AND


PROTECTION
Start permissives for SGC startup
i) Any of the CEP ‘ON’
AUTO START:
Startup program command form APS.
STEP-1: SLC Drains ON command, Seal Steam Condenser Exhauster -1
‘on’ Command, Seal Steam Condenser Seal Valve OPEN Command &Seal
Steam Condenser Safety Valve CLOSE Command will be issued once SGC
Start Command is issued.
STEP-2: Vacuum Breaker Close Command, Gland Steam Press. Control
Trip to Manual Command and Gland Steam Control Valve Close Command
is issued if Release is available as
i) Seal Steam Condenser Exhauster- 1 or 2 ‘ON’ & Seal Steam Exhauster-
1or 2 isolation valve Open
ii) SLC Drains ’On’ & Seal Steam Condenser Seal valve open & Seal
Steam Condenser safety valve Close.
STEP-3: Vacuum Pump – 1&2 ‘ON’ Command, Inlet valve for Vacum
pump -1&2 Open Command and Recirculation pump for Vacuum Pump –
1&2 ‘on’ command is issued if Release is available as
i) Vacuum Breaker Close , Gland Steam Pressure Control on Manual ,
Gland Steam Control Valve Close & CEP header pressure >19 Ksc
STEP-4 Step 4 will be completed if release is available as
i) Vacuum Pump -1 &2 ‘ON’ , Inlet Valves for Vacuum Pump – 1&2 Open,
Recirculation Pump for Vacuum Pump – 1&2 ‘ON’
STEP-5: Gland Steam Pressure Control to Auto command is issued if
Release is available as
i) Aux Steam HDR Temperature >210ºc ,Turbine Speed >15rpm &
Condenser Pressure < 0.85Ksc.
STEP-6: Step 6 will be completed if release is available as
i) Gland Steam Pressure Control Auto , Gland Steam Press. <450 mmWC,
Gland Steam Pressure >200mmWC.
STEP-7: Depending upon the Pre selection of Vacuum Pump the Selected
vacuum Pump will continue to run and Auto OFF Command is Issued to the
other Vacuum Pump and its Recirculation pump if release is available as
i) Condenser Pressure <0.12Ksc & Generator Load >5%.

STEP-8: SLC Vacuum Pump ON command is issued if release is available


as
i) Standby vacuum pump ‘off’.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 51 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

50. SGC SHUTDOWN


Release for SGC Shutdown:
i) Turbine Speed < 200rpm & LPBP valves Closed.
AUTO STOP:
SGC Shut down Program ‘ON’ from APS.
STEP-51: SLC Vacuum pump OFF Command, Vacuum Pump-1&2 ‘OFF’
Command, Inlet Valve for Vacc. Pump-1&2 Close command and
Recirculation Pump for vacc. Pump-1&2 ‘OFF’ Command will be issued if
Release for SGC Shutdown Available and SGC Shutdown Command is
Issued.

STEP-52: Vacuum Breaker Open Command will be Issued if Release is


available as
i) Vacuum Pump -1 &2 OFF, Inlet Valve for Vacuum Pump – 1&2 CLOSE &
Recirculation Pump for Vacuum Pump –1&2 OFF
STEP-53: SLC Drains ON Command, Gland Steam Pressure Control
Manual, Gland Steam Control Valve Close Command and Seal Steam
Condenser Exhaust fans-1 &2 OFF command will be Issued if release is
available as
i) Vacuum Breaker Open Feedback.
SGC Shutdown Sequence Completed if release is available as
SLC Drains ‘ON’ ,Gland Steam Pressure Control Manual, Gland Steam
Control Valve Close & Seal Steam Condenser Exhaust fans-1 &2 OFF.

51. VACUUM PUMP


Start permissive:
i) Separator Water Level >min.
Auto start conditions:
i) SGC Evacuation step-3 ‘on’.
ii) SLC Vacuum Pump ‘on’ , Vacuum Breaker not open & condenser
pressure >0.14 Ksc
iii) SLC VAC P/P on & Other Vaccum Pump Tripped
Stop permissive:
i) vacuum inlet Valve closed.
Auto stop conditions:
i) SGC Evacuation shutdown on
ii) Vacuum Pump pre-selection pump-2 Selected through SGC Step-7

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 52 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

52. SEAL WATER RECIRCULATION PUMP


Start permissive:
i) Vacuum pump-1 ‘on’
Auto start conditions:
i) SGC Evacuation step-3 ‘on’.
ii) SLC Vacuum Pump ‘on’ , Vacuum Breaker not open & condenser
pressure >0.14 Ksc

Stop permissive:
i) Vacuum pump ‘off’
Auto stop conditions:
i) SGC Evacuation Step-51 command issued
ii) SGC Evacuation Step-7 command issued
iii) Vacuum pump-1 ‘off’ & recirculation pump ‘on’ for 10sec

53. VACUUM PUMP INLET VALVE


Open permissive:
i) DP across inlet valve <0.069 Ksc
Auto open conditions:
i) Through SGC Step-03
ii) SLC Vacuum Pump ‘on’ ,Vacuum Breaker not open & condenser
pressure >0.14 Ksc.
Auto close conditions:
i) SGC Evacuation shutdown ON
ii) Vacuum Pump pre selection 2 ON Selected through SGC Step-7.
Protection close conditions:
i) Vacuum pump-1 ‘off’

54. SEPARATOR WATER MAKE UP VALVE


Auto open conditions:
i) Level in separator tank <min
Auto close conditions:
i) Level in separator Tank >max

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 53 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

55. SEAL STEAM CONDESER EXHAUSTER


Auto start conditions:
i) SGC evacuation step 1 command
ii) Seal steam condenser other exhauster Tripped.

Auto stop condition:


i) SGC Evacuation Shutdown step-53 command issued
Protection close condition:
i) Seal steam condenser level High

56. SEAL STEAM CONDENSER SEAL VALVE


Open permissive:
i) Integral bypass valve Open
Auto open condition:
i) SGC evacuation step-1 command issued
Protection close condition:
i) Seal steam condenser level High

57. SEAL STEAM CONDENSER SAFETY VALVE


Open permissive:
i) Integral bypass valve Opened

Auto open condition:


i) Seal steam condenser level High
Auto close condition:
i) SGC evacuation step 1 command

58.SEAL STEAM VAPOUR EXHAUST ISOLATION VALVE


Auto open condition:
i) Seal steam condenser exhaust ‘ON’
Auto close condition:
i) Seal steam condenser exhaust ‘OFF’

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 54 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

59. EVACUATION ALARMS

1.Seal steam condenser level High


i) Seal steam Cond level-1 High
ii) Seal steam Cond level-2 High

2. Seal steam Condenser Valve Position Fault


i) Seal steam cond seal valve not open, Seal steam cond level-1 not Hi &
Seal steam cond level-2 not High
ii) seal steam cond. Safety valve not closed, Seal steam cond level-1 not
Hi & Seal steam condenser level-2 not High

3. Seal Steam Condenser Fault


i) Seal steam cond seal valve not closed & Seal steam cond level high (1
M delayed)
ii) seal steam cond. Safety valve not closed & Seal steam cond level high
(1 M delayed)

4. Switch ‘OFF’ Stand by Vacuum Pump


i) Both Vacuum pumps ‘ON’ , Generator Load> 5% & Condenser Press
< 0.12 Ksc

5. Switch ‘ON’ Stand by Vacuum pump


i) Generator Load> 5% & Condenser Press > 0.14 Ksc

6. Separator Water level < MIN


i) Separator-1 water level < min or Separator-2 water level < min

7. SLC Vacuum Pump Not ‘ON’


i) SLC Vacuum pumps ‘OFF’ & Turbine Speed> 15 rpm

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 55 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

60. ATT SAFETY DEVICES


1. RELEASE FOR ATT SAFETY DEVICE TEST IF
i) All Tripping devices operating Position
ii) All monitors operating position
iii) One release present
2.ALL TRPPING DEVICES IN OPERATING POSITION IF
i) Aux. Trip fluid pressure> 5 Ksc
ii) ATT safety devices ‘on’
iii) Tripping device 1 operating Position
iv) Manual Turbine Trip 2 Operating Position
v) Trip fluid pressure>5 Ksc
3.ALL MONITORS IN OPERATING POSITION IF
i) Safety Device ON
ii) Man Turbine Trip-1 Operating Position
iii) Manual Turbine Trip-2 Operating Position
iv) Remote Trip Relay-1 is Off
v) Remote Trip Relay- 2 is Off
vi) Over speed Trip Dev 1 Operating Position
vii) Over speed Trip Dev 2 Operating Position
viii) Low Vacuum Trip Device Operating Position
4.ONE RELEASE PRESENT IF
i) Remote trip device 1 released OR
ii) Remote trip device 2 released OR
iii) Low vacuum trip device released OR
iv) Over speed trip device released
5.ATT SAFETY DEVICE CAN BE SELECTED ON /OFF IF
i) Safety Device Pretest step 1 command not issued
ii) Trip channel 1 and 2 are not under Test

6.SGC SAFETY DEVICE PROTECTION SHUT DOWN INITIATED


IF
i) Test over speed trip device end (Over Speed Trip Dev test unit 100 %
(&) Safety. Dev. main test step 7 command issued) OR
ii) Trip oil pressure <2 Ksc OR
iii) Trip oil pressure <2 Ksc OR
iv) Safety device monitoring time exceeded
7.ATT FAULT APPEARS IF
i) Trip oil pressure <2 Ksc OR ii) Safety Device monitor time exceeded
8.RELEASE FOR ATT DEVICE TEST SELECTION AVAILABLE IF
i) Safety devices on
ii) No release present

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 56 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

9.REMOTE TRIP DEVICE 1/2 IS RELEASED IF


i) Release for ATT device test selection available
ii) Remote trip device 1/2 on selected
iii) Test remote trip device 1/2 not end
iv) Safety Device program not running
v) Safety Device reset step 54 command not issued

10.OVER SPEED TRIP DEVICE IS RELEASED IF


i) Release for ATT device test selection available
ii) Over speed trip dev on selected
iii) Test Over Speed Trip Device not end
iv) Safety Device program not running
v) Safety Device reset step 54 command not issued

11.LOW VACUUM TRIP DEVICE IS RELEASED IF


i) Release for ATT device test selection available
ii) Low vacuum trip dev on selected
iii) Test Low Vacuum Trip Dev not end
iv) Safety Device program not running
v) Safety Device reset step 54 command not issued

12.ATT PRETESTING PROGRAM WILL START AFTER GIVING


ATT SAFETY DEVICES ON COMMAND

RELEASE FOR ATT SAF. DEVICE PRETEST STEP 2 IF


i) Safety Device pretest step 1 command 4 sec delayed
ii) Pressure before changeover valve >5 Ksc

RELEASE FOR ATT SAF. DEVICE PRETEST STEP 3 IF


i) Pressure before changeover valve <2 Ksc
ii) Pressure between solenoid valves>5 Ksc

CHANGEOVER VALVE TEST POSITION COMMAND WILL


ISSUED IF RELEASE FOR ATT SAF. DEVICE PRETEST
STEP 5
i) Safety Device Pretest step 4 command 4 sec delayed
ii) Pressure before changeover valve >5 Ksc

ATT SAFETY DEVICES PRETEST ENDS IF


i) Change over valve in test position 3sec delayed
ii) Safety Device. pre test step 5 ‘on’ & 10 sec delayed
iii) Trip fluid pressure>5Ksc
iv) Aux start up fluid <2 Ksc

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 57 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

13.MAIN TEST PROGRAM


REMOTE TRIP DEVICE-1 OR 2 TEST COMMAND, COMMAND
WILL BE ISSUED IF RELEASE FOR ATT SAF. DEVICE STEP 6
i) Pre test ended
ii) Remote trip device 1 or 2 released
TEST REMOTE TRIP DEVICE ENDS IF
i) Safety Device Main Test step 6 command issued
ii) Tripping device 1 tripped
iii) Tripping device 2 tripped
iv)Trip fluid pressure <2ksc
v) Aux. trip fluid pressure <2Ksc
TEST OVER SPEED TRIP ENDS IF
i) Safety Device main test step 7 command issued
ii) Tripping device 1 tripped
iii) Tripping device 2 Tripped
iv) Trip fluid pressure <2 Ksc
v) Aux. trip fluid pressure <2 Ksc
vi) Over speed test oil pressure<4.8 Ksc
vii) Over speed trip dev 1tripped
viii) Over speed test dev 2 tripped
OVER SPEED TRIP TOO EARLY ALARM APPEARS IF
i) Over speed test oil press<4.5 Ksc
ii) Over speed trip dev 1/2 tripped
iii) Safety Device Main test step 7 command issued
TEST LOW VACUUM TRIP ENDS IF
i) Saf. Dev. Main Test step 8 command issued
ii) Tripping device 1and 2 tripped
iii) Trip fluid pressure<2 Ksc
iv) Aux. trip fluid pressure <2 Ksc
v) Low vacuum trip device tripped
vi) Condenser pressure<0.35Ksc
RELEASE FOR ATT SAF. DEVICE STEP 52 IF
1 i) Over speed Trip Dev Operating Position
ii) Test fluid Over speed trip < 0.1 Ksc
iii) Disconnection relay channel 1.2 is off
iv) Disconnection relay channel 2.2 is off
v) Remote trip relay 1 and 2 off Low Vacuum trip device operating position
vi) Pressure of condenser < 0.25 Ksc OR Main trip oil pr sw1/2 < 2 Ksc

TRIP DEVICE RESET 1 SOL ENERGISES FOR 6 SEC IF


i) Safety Device reset step 52 commanded
TRIP DEVICE RESET 2 SOL ENERGISES IF
ii) Safety Device reset step 52 commanded

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 58 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

RELEASE FOR ATT SAF. DEVICE STEP 53 IF Safety Device


Reset Step Completed with 10sec wait time with Following
Conditions
1.( i) Over speed trip mon.1&2 operating position & ii) Tripping device 1 & 2
operating position & iii) Man turbine trip 1 & 2 operating position & Trip fluid
pressure > 5 Ksc & iv)Remote trip relay 1 & 2 off & v) Low Vacuum trip
device operating position & vi) Aux. trip fluid press >5 Ksc & vii) Aux.
startup fluid press <2 Ksc ) OR
2. Main trip oil pressure <2 Ksc OR
3. Safety Device monitor time exceeded OR
4. Change over valve in operating position OR

RELEASE FOR ATT SAFETY DEVICE STEP 54 IF Safety Device


reset step 53 com 4sec delayed
1.( i) Over speed trip mon.1&2 operating position & ii) Tripping device 1 & 2
operating position & iii) Man turbine trip 1 & 2 operating position & Trip fluid
pressure > 5 Ksc & iv)Remote trip relay 1 & 2 off & v) Low Vacuum trip
device operating position & vi) Aux. trip fluid press >5 Ksc & vii) Aux.
startup fluid press <2 Ksc ) OR
2. Main trip oil pressure <2 Ksc

RELEASE FOR ATT SAF. DEVICE STEP 55 IF


i) Changeover valve in operating position ( 3 sec delay) & Safety Device
Reset step 54 command ( 6 sec delay)

61. SEAL OIL SYSTEM


1.SEAL OIL PUMP – 1 AIR SIDE
Auto start conditions:
i) SGC step-1 ON
ii) SLC Seal Oil Pump Air Side ‘on’ & Seal Oil Pump -2 Air Side ‘off’ &
SOST level >Min
iii) SLC Seal Oil Pump Air Side ‘& Seal Oil Pump -2 Air Side ‘tripped’
iv) SLC Seal Oil Pump Air Side ‘on’, Seal Oil Pump -2 Air Side ‘on’ & its
discharge pressure<5Ksc for 0.5sec
Stop permissives:
i) SLC Seal Oil Pump Air Side ‘off’
ii) Seal Oil Pump -2 Air Side ‘on’ &its discharge pressure>5 Ksc for 5sec

2. SEAL OIL PUMP – 2 AIR SIDE


Auto start conditions:
i) SLC Seal Oil Pump Air Side ‘on’ & Seal Oil Pump -1 Air Side ‘off’
ii) SLC Seal Oil Pump Air Side & Seal Oil Pump -1 Air Side ‘tripped’
iii) SLC Seal Oil Pump Air Side ‘on’, Seal Oil Pump -1 Air Side ‘on’ & its
discharge pressure<5 Ksc for 0.5sec

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 59 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

Stop permissives:
i) SLC Seal Oil Pump Air Side ‘off’
ii) Seal Oil Pump -1 Air Side ‘on’ & its discharge pressure>5 Ksc for 5sec
3.SEAL OIL PUMP (DC) AIR SIDE
Auto start conditions:
i) SLC DC Seal Oil Pump Air Side ‘on’& both Seal Oil Pumps ‘off’
ii) SLC DC Seal Oil Pump Air Side ‘on & both Seal Oil Pumps pre <5 Ksc
iii) SLC DC Seal Oil Pump Air Side ‘on & DP across seal oil air side to
Hydrogen side turbine end <0.9Ksc for 0.5 sec
iv) SLC DC Seal Oil Pump Air Side ‘on & DP across seal oil air side to
Hydrogen side Exciter end <0.9Ksc for 0.5 sec
Protection start conditions:
i) SLC Seal Oil Pump Air Side ‘on & Seal Oil Pumps-1&2 Air Side ‘tripped
ii) SLC DC SOP On & Airside Seal Oil Pressure <4.5KSC
Stop permissives:
i) Seal Oil Pump-1 Air Side ‘on & its discharge pressure>5 Ksc. For 5 sec
ii) Seal Oil Pump-2 Air Side ‘on & its discharge pressure>5 Ksc. For 5 sec
iii) SLC Seal Oil Pump ‘off’
Direct Start conditions:
i) SLC DC Seal oil pump ‘on’ &Seal oil Air side pressure <4.5Ksc direct
from pressure switch contact

4.SEAL OIL PUMP H2 SIDE


Start permissives:
i) Seal oil tank level not < min & Either of Seal Oil pump air side ‘on’
Auto start conditions:
i) Through SGC SO Step 3 Command (SLC Seal Oil pumps on & SLC
Bearing Chamber Exhaust fan on & SLC DC Seal Oil Pump on.
Protection Stop condition:
i) Seal Oil tank level low (or) Seal Oil Pressure air side <4.5 Ksc(3 sec
delay)

62. BEARING CHAMBER EXAUSTER FAN


Auto start conditions:
i) SLC BC exhaust fan ‘ON’ & other BC exhaust fan tripped
Stop permissives:
i) Other BC Exhaust Fan on (or) SLC BC EXH FANS OFF

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 60 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

63. PRIMARY WATER SYSTEM

1.PRIMARY WATER PUMP


Auto start conditions:
i) SLC PWP on & PW tank level >155mm & Standby P.W pump off.
ii) SLC PWP on & PW tank level>155mm & Standby P.W pump tripped
iii) SLC PWP on & PW tank level>155mm & Standby P.W. pump on for 5
sec & its discharge pressure <5 Ksc.
Stop permissives:
i) SLC PWP off.
ii) Standby P.W pump on (&) Pressure after pump >5 KSC for 5 sec

2.NaoH DOSING PUMP


Start permissives:
i) Treated water flow not<min.
Auto start conditions:
i) Conductivity after Ion Exchanger <1.0 µS/cm
Auto stop conditions:
i) Conductivity after Ion Exchange>3.0 µS/cm
ii) Conductivity after Filter>2.5 µS/cm.
Protection stop:
i) Treated water flow <Min.

64.CO2 FLASH EVAPOURATOR


Auto start condition:
i) SLC CO2 Flash Evaporator on & CO2 flash evaporator temp<145°C
Auto stop condition:
i) SLC CO2 Flash Evaporator ‘off’
Protection stop:
i) CO2 flash evaporator temp>150°C

65.EXCITER AIR DRIER


Auto start condition:
i) SLC Air Drier ‘on’ & Turbine speed < 210 rpm
Stop permissive:
i) Exciter Shut down Heater ‘Off’
Auto stop condition:
i) SLC Air Drier ‘on’, Speed >240 RPM & Exciter shutdown heater ‘off’

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 61 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

66. GAMP ALARMS

1. LEVEL OF OILS ABNORMAL


i) Oil level in Pre chamber turbine End >Max
ii) Oil level in Pre chamber Exciter End >Max
iii) Liquid in Gen turbine End >Max.
iv) Liquid in Generator (Centre) >Max.
v) Liquid in Main Leads Top >Max
vi) Liquid in Main Leads Bottom >Max
vii) Liquid in oil level Trap >Max
viii) Level in SOS Tank <Max
ix) Level in SO Tank <Max
x) Waste Fluid in Drain Tank >Max.
2. LEVEL SWITCH MALFUNCTION
i) LLD of Pre chamber (TE) Malfunctioned
ii) LLD of Pre chamber (EE) Malfunctioned
iii) Liquid in Gen (TE) Malfunctioned
iv) Liquid in Gen (Centre) Malfunctioned
v) Liquid in Main Leads Top Malfunctioned
vi) Liquid in Main Leads Bottom Malfunctioned
vii) Liquid in oil level Trap Malfunctioned
viii) Level in SOS Tank Malfunctioned
ix) Level in SO Tank Malfunctioned
x) Waste Fluid in Drain Tank Malfunctioned.
3. TEMPERATURE SLOT/CORE HIGH
i) Temperature Stator Slot – 01 >80ºc
ii) Temperature Stator Slot – 04 >80ºc
iii) Temperature Stator Slot – 09 >80 ºc
iv) Temperature Stator Slot – 12 >80ºc
v) Temperature Stator Slot – 17 >80ºc
vi) Temperature Stator Slot – 20 >80ºc
vii) Temperature Stator Slot – 25 >80ºc
viii) Temperature Stator Slot – 28 >80ºc
ix) Temperature Stator Slot – 33 >80ºc
x) Temperature Stator Slot – 36 >80ºc
xi) Temperature Stator Slot – 41 >80ºc
xii) Temperature Stator Slot – 44 >80ºc
xiii) Temperature Stator Core (TE) >90ºc
xiv) Temperature Stator Core (EE) >90ºc
4. PRIMARY WATER TEMPERATURE MANIFOLD/WINDING O/L
HIGH
i) Temperature P.W O/L Manifold > 80ºc
ii) Temperature P.W WDG O/L > 80ºc

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 62 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

5. HOT GAS CLRS A&B/C&D HIGH


i) Hot Gas Cooler A&B > 80ºc
ii) Hot Gas Cooler C&D > 80ºc
6. COLD GAS TEMPERATURE A&B,C&D,LEFT and RIGHT
HIGH/V.HIGH
i) Cold Gas coolers A&B >55ºc
ii) Cold Gas coolers C&D >55ºc
iii) Cold Gas coolers Left /Right >55ºc
iv) Cold Gas coolers A&B >60 ºc
v) Cold Gas coolers C&D >60 ºc
7. COLD AIR MAIN EXCITER TEMP. HIGH
i) Cold Air Main Exciter Temperature >45 ºc
8. HOT AIR MAIN EXCITER/ RECT. WHEEL TEMP. HIGH/V.HI
i) Hot Air Temperature Main Exciter >75ºc
ii) Hot Air Temperature Main Exciter >80ºc
9. EXCITER/GEN BRG METAL TEMP HIGH
i) Generator bearing metal temp (TE) >90ºc
ii) Generator bearing metal temp (EE) >90ºc
iii) Temperature Exciter Bearing Metal Temp >90 ºc
10. EXCITER/GEN BRG METAL TEMP V. HIGH
i) Generator bearing metal temp (TE) >130 ºc
ii) Generator bearing metal temp (EE) >130 ºc
iii) Temperature Exciter Bearing Metal Temp >130 ºc
11. PRIMARY WATER TANK LEVEL ABNORMAL
i) Primary Water Tank Level >255mm
ii) Primary Water Tank Level <195mm
iii) Primary Water Tank Level <100mm
12.PRESSURE AFTER PW PUMP-1/2 LOW
i) Primary Water Pump – 1 ON & Pressure After pump < 5Ksc
ii) Primary Water Pump – 2 ON & Pressure After pump < 5Ksc
13.DIFF. PR. ACROSS FILTER HIGH
i) Diff. Press across Main Filter – 1/2 > 0.9Ksc
ii) Diff. Press across Seal Oil Filter (AS) > 0.9Ksc
iii) Diff. Press across Seal Oil Filter (H2S) > 0.9Ksc
iv) Diff. Press across Fine Mesh Filter > 0.9Ksc

14.CONDUCTIVITY ABNORMAL
i) Conductivity after Ion Exchanger < 1.0 mhos
ii) Conductivity after Ion Exchanger >3.0 mhos
iii) Conductivity after Main Filter >3.0 mhos
iv) Conductivity after Main Filter >4.0 mhos
v) Conductivity after Gen WDG O/L >3.0 mhos

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 63 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

15.PRIMARY WATER/COLD GAS DIFF TEMP V. LOW


i) Primary water – Cold Gas Temperature <1k
16.PRIMARY WATER/COLD GAS DIFF TEMP LOW
i) Primary water – Cold Gas Temperature <3k
17.PRIMARY WATER/COLD GAS DIFF TEMP NORMAL
i) Primary water – Cold Gas Temperature >3k

18.FLOW STATOR WDG O/L LOW/V.LOW


i) Flow Stator winding O/L <54m3/hr
ii) Flow Stator winding O/L <48m3/hr
19.PRESS. STATOR WDG I/L ABNORMAL
i) Pressure Stator Winding I/L < 3 Ksc
ii) Pressure Stator Winding I/L >3.8 Ksc
20.FLOW MAIN BUSHING R/S/T LOW V.LOW
i) Flow Main Bushing R/S/T <1.40m3/hr
ii) Flow Main Bushing R/S/T <1.33m3/hr

21.H2 CYLINDER PRESSURE/CASING ABNORMAL


i) H2 cylinder Pressure <15 Ksc
ii) H2 Pressure in Casing <3.3 Ksc
iii) H2 Pressure in Casing >3.7 Ksc
22.H2 PURITY CASING LOW/V.LOW
i) H2 Purity in Casing <95%
ii) H2 Purity in Casing <90%
23.H2 SIDE S.O DRAIN T.E/E.E HIGH
i) H2 side seal oil drain (TE) >70 ºc
ii) H2 side seal oil drain (EE) >70 ºc
24. SEAL OIL PRESSURE LOW
i) Seal Oil Pump – 1 (AS) ON (&) Pressure after Pump <5 Ksc
ii) Seal Oil Pump – 2 (AS) ON (&) Pressure after Pump <5 Ksc
iii) Seal Oil Pump – 3 (AS) ON (&) Pressure after Pump <7.5 Ksc
iv) Seal Oil Pump H2S ON (&) Pressure after Pump <7 Ksc
25. SEAL OIL TEMP. BEFORE CLRS AIR SIDE/H2 SIDE HIGH
i) Seal Oil Temperature Air Side >70 ºc
ii) Seal Oil Temperature H2 Side >70 ºc
26. SEAL OIL TEMP. AFT CLRS AIR SIDE/H2 SIDE HIGH
i) Seal Oil Temperature aft coolers Air Side >50 ºc
ii) Seal Oil Temperature after coolers Air Side >55 ºc
iii) Seal Oil Temperature after coolers H2 Side >50 ºc

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 64 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

27. PR. RING RELIEF OIL TE/EE LOW


i) Pr. Ring relief oil (TE) < MIN
ii) Pr. Ring relief oil (EE) < MIN

28. COOLING WATER TEMP BEFORE/AFT CLRS HIGH


i) Water Temperature before H2 coolers > 38 ºc
ii) Water Temperature after H2 coolers A/B/C/D > 67 ºc
iii) Water Temperature after Exciter Cooler E/F >42 ºc

29. Seal Oil TE/H2 DIFF. PRESSURE STATOR FRAME >1.2 KSC
30. Seal Oil TE/H2 DIFF. PRESSURE <0.9 KSC
31. Seal Oil TE/H2 DIFF. PRESSURE >1.7 KSC
32. Seal Oil EE/H2 DIFF. PRESSURE STATOR FRAME >1.2 KSC
33. Seal Oil EE/H2 DIFF. PRESSURE <0.9 KSC
34. Seal Oil EE/H2 DIFF. PRESSURE >1.7 KSC

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 65 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

67.TURBINE FIRE PROTECTION LOGICS


1. Fire Protection – 1 causes immediate Emergency Turbine Trip and
Switching Off the Control Fluid system.

2. Fire Protection – 2 causes Immediate Shutdown of the Lub Oil System in


addition to the Emergency Turbine Trip and Switching off Control Fluid
system.

Fire Protection-1 Operated

Fire Protection PB 1 pressed- This causes:

i) SGC Control Fluid OFF


ii) SLC Control Fluid Heating OFF
iii) SLC Control Fluid Pumps OFF
iv) Stops Control Fluid Heater
v) Stops Control Fluid Pumps.
vi) Stops Control Fluid Heater
vii) Trips the Turbine
viii) After getting Gen. Breaker Open Feedback, Vacuum Breaker
protection open command will be issued for 3 sec

Fire Protection-2 Operated

Fire Protection-2 PB pressed- This causes:

i) Switch Off the SGC Oil Supply Program


ii) Auto OFF SLC AOP-1
iii) Auto OFF SLC AOP-2
iv) Auto ON SLC EOP
v) Auto OFF SLC JOP-1
vi) Auto OFF SLC JOP-3
vii) Auto OFF SLC Turning Gear
viii) Protection OFF AOP-1
ix) Protection OFF AOP-2
x) Protection OFF JOP-1
xi) Protection ON JOP-3
xii) Trips the Turbine
xiii) After getting Gen. Breaker Open Feedback, Vacuum Breaker
protection open command will be issued for 3 sec
xix) Trips Control Fluid System
NOTE: MOT level very low causes pt. no (1) to (xiii). It does not initiate
tripping of C.F. system

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 66 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

STATION C&I SYSTEM


INTRODUCTION

System Station C&I


Type: DDCMIS
Make: Symphony Harmony (Supplied through M/S ABB Bangalore)
Version: BRC FIRMWARE - J3
Composer ver.4.3
HMI- PGP 3.1 SP4

Power supply Scheme

There are two 24V DCDB, each fed by 2 Chabi make chargers & one set of
battery. Each DCS panel is fed by two 24 V DC incomer feeders from
DCDBs, with diode Oring at panel end, ensuring supply redundancy in case
of one feeder trips. UPS supply is used for the Server system

Brief Description: The Symphony Harmony System based DDCMIS


is intended for demanding real-time process monitoring, control and
applications covering data acquisition, processing, short and long term
storage, and presentation. The Symphony system consists of the following:
• Harmony Control Products – A comprehensive set of process, regulatory
and sequence control services and I/O interfaces
• Composer 4.3 Series system Tools – An integrated set of engineering,
operation, and maintenance tools designed to support the total automation
project, including planning, configuration management, commissioning and
system documentation.
• Human System Interfaces – A dynamic range of console products (server
client architecture) for accessing and viewing data from multiple operating
environments, from process control and I/O to plant and information
management.

Special feature in the system:


- Server- Client system
- TCP/IP for Data transfer
- C-net (coaxial) and O-net (UTP)
- Separate SOE cards

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 67 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

Station C&I system Configuration diagram

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 68 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

1. ID FAN

VFD CH-1 start permissives

i) ID FAN VFD channel-1 aux supply healthy


ii) ID FAN VFD channel-1 no alarm present
iii) ID FAN VFD channel-1 source breaker closed
iv) ID FAN VFD channel-1 no fault present
v) ID FAN VFD channel-1 ready
vi) ID FAN VFD channel-1 start permissives available from VFD
vii) Any one of the following conditions present
a) ID FAN regulating vane minimum(position<3.5%), ID FAN inlet &
outlet gates closed
b) ID FAN VFD channel-2 speed > minimum
viii) Any one of the following conditions must be present.
a) ID FAN VFD channel-2 speed > minimum
b) ID FANS stock path available
c) Other ID FAN running
ix) Either ID FAN LUB OIL P/P-A (or) LUB OIL P/P-B running
x) ID FAN lube oil press adequate (0.8 atm)
xi) ID FAN motor NDE bearing temp not high(< 85ºc)
xii) ID FAN motor DE bearing temp not high(<85ºc)
xiii) ID FAN fan DE bearing temp not high(<77ºc)
xiv) ID FAN fan NDE bearing temp not high(<77ºc)
xv) ID FAN motor winding temp (R, Y, B) phase not high(<125ºc)
xvi) ID FAN exciter winding temp (R, Y, B) phase not high(<125ºc)
xvii) ID FAN lube oil tank level not low
xviii) ID FAN lube oil temp. after cooler not high(<50ºc)
xix) No trip coil trouble

VFD CH-2 start permissives:

i) ID FAN VFD channel-2 auxiliary supply healthy


ii) ID FAN VFD channel-2 no alarm present
iii) ID FAN VFD channel-2 source breaker closed
iv) ID FAN VFD channel-2 No fault present
v) ID FAN VFD channel-2 ready
vi) ID FAN VFD channel-2 start permissives available from VFD
vii) Either one of the following conditions must be present.
i) ID FAN regulating vane min(position<3.5%), ID FAN inlet &outlet
gates closed
ii) ID FAN VFD channal-1 speed > minimum
viii) Any one of the following conditions must be present.
i)ID FAN VFD channel-1 speed > minimum
ii) ID FANS stock path available
iii) Other ID FAN running
ix) Either ID FAN LUB OIL PUMP-A (or) LUB OIL PUMP-B running
x) ID FAN lube oil press adequate (0.8 ATM)
xi) ID FAN motor NDE bearing temp not high(<85ºc)

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PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

xii) ID FAN motor DE bearing temp not high(<85ºc)


xiii) ID FAN fan DE bearing temp not high(<77ºc)
xiv) ID FAN fan NDE bearing temp not high(<77ºc)
xv) ID FAN motor winding temp. phase (R, Y, B) not high(<125ºc)
xvi) ID FAN exciter winding temp. Phase(R, Y, B) not high(<125ºc)
xvii) ID FAN lube oil tank level not low
xviii) ID FAN lube oil temp after cooler not high(<50ºc)
xix) No trip coil trouble
Common protection stop conditions:
i) ID FAN running for 30 sec & ID FAN both i/l gates remain closed (time
delay 5 sec)
ii) ID FAN running for 30 sec & ID FAN both o/l gates remain closed
(time delay 5 sec)
iii) ID FAN motor NDE bearing temp very high(90ºc time delay 15 sec)
iv) ID FAN motor DE bearing temp very high(90ºc time delay 15 sec)
v) ID FAN fan DE bearing temp very high(82º time delay 15 sec c)
vi) ID FAN fan NDE bearing temp very high(82ºc time delay 15 sec)
vii) ID FAN motor winding temp (R, Y, B) phase very high(130 ºc)
viii) ID FAN exciter winding temp (R, Y, B) phase very high(130 ºc)
ix) ID FAN motor NDE bearing vib (X,Y) very high(7.1 (rms) mm/sec time
delay 15 sec )
x) ID FAN motor DE bearing vib (X,Y) very high( 7.1 (rms) mm/sec time
delay 15 sec)
xi) ID FAN fan DE bearing vib (X,Y) very high(19.8 (peak) mm/sec time
delay 15 sec)
xii) ID FAN fan NDE bearing vib (X,Y) very high(19.8 (peak) mm/sec time
delay 15 sec)
xiii) ID FANS post purge fan trip operated.
xiv) ID/FD fan emergency push button(UCD) & release button operated
xv) OTHER ID FAN ‘on’, FD fan-B ‘on’ & FD FAN-A tripped & ‘off’
for 5 sec.
VFD ch-1 protection stop conditions:
i) ID FAN common trip conditions present
ii) ID FAN source breaker Channel-1‘off’
iii) ID FAN VFD Channel-1 fault
VFD CH-2 protection stop conditions:
i) ID FAN common trip conditions present
ii) ID FAN source breaker Channel-2 ‘off’
iii) ID FAN VFD Channel-2 fault

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PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

ID FAN LUB OIL PUMPS INTERLOCKS


1) LOP-A gets auto ‘start’ when one of the following conditions present
i) LOP-B tripped for 2 sec.
ii) ID FAN ‘on’ & lube oil pressure low(<0.6Ksc time delay 2 sec)
iii) LOP-B ‘on’ for 90 sec. & lube oil pressure low(<0.6Ksc time delay 2
sec)
2) LOP-B gets auto ‘start’ when one of the following conditions present
i) LOP-A tripped for 2 sec.
ii ) ID FAN ‘on’& lube oil pressure low(<0.6Ksc time delay 2 sec)
iii) LOP-A ‘on’ for 90 sec. & lube oil pressure low (<0.6Ksc time delay 2
sec)
3) Stop permisives :
i) Tanl level low
ii) LOP-B ‘on’
iii) ID fan ‘off’

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PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

2. FD FAN
Start permissives:
i) FD FAN lube oil pressure adequate(≥0.8ATM)
ii) FD FAN lube oil temp. after cooler not high(<50ºC)
iii) FD FAN motor winding temp. Phase (R, Y, B) not high(<125ºC)
iv) FD FAN motor NDE bearing temp not high(<85ºC)
v) FD FAN motor DE bearing temp not high(<85ºC)
vi) FD FAN fan DE bearing temp not high(<90ºC)
vii) FD FAN fan NDE bearing temp not high(<90ºC)
viii) FD FAN control oil pressure adequate(≥8ATM)
ix) FD FAN blade pitch minimum(<2%)
x) FD FAN outlet gate closed
xi) Either of the FD FAN LOP-A’ or ‘B’ run
xii) FD FAN lube oil tank level not low
xiii) Any one of the following conditions must be present
a) ID FAN-A running , ID FAN-A I/L & O/L gates opened, ID FAN-B
running ,ID FAN-B I/L & O/L gates opened
b) ID FAN-A running, ID FAN-A I/L & O/L gates opened & FD-B stopped
c) ID FAN B running, ID FAN-B I/L & O/L gates opened & FD-B stopped
xiv) No switchgear disturbance
Protection stop conditions:
i) FD FAN motor NDE bearing temp very high(≥90ºC time delay 15 sec)
ii) FD FAN motor DE bearing temp very high(≥90ºC time delay 15 sec)
iii) FD FAN fan NDE bearing temp very high(≥110ºC time delay 15 sec)
iv) FD FAN fan DE bearing temp very high(≥110ºC time delay 15 sec)
v) FD FAN motor phase(r, y, b) winding temp. very high(≥130ºC)
vi) FD FAN motor NDE bearing vib (x, y) very high(≥7.1(rms) mm/sec)
vii) FD FAN motor DE bearing vib (X, Y) very high(≥7.1(rms) mm/sec)
viii) FD FAN fan bearing vibration(X, Y) very high( ≥19.8(peak) mm/sec)
ix) Both ID FANS-A&B ‘off’ for 30sec
x) Both FD FANS-A&B ‘on’ & corresponding ID FAN ‘off’
xi) FD fans post purge trip operated
xii) ID/FD fans emergency push button operated(UCD)
xiii) FD FAN ‘on’ for 30 sec & its outlet gate remain closed & not open
LUB OIL PUMPS INTERLOCKS
1) LOP-A auto ‘starts’ when any one of the following conditions occurs
i) LOP-B tripped for 2 sec
ii) FD FAN ‘on’ & control oil pressure low(<5atm with delay 2 sec)
iii) LOP-B ‘on’ for 90 sec & control oil pr low (<5atm with delay 2 sec)
2) LOP-B gets auto ‘start’ when any one of the following conditions occurs
i) LOP-A tripped for 2 sec.
ii) FD FAN ‘on’ & control oil pressure low (<5 atm with delay 2 sec)
iii) LOP-A ‘on’ for 90 sec & control oil pr low (<5 atm with delay 2 sec)
3) Stop permissives :
i) Tank level low
ii) LOP-B ‘on’
iii) ID fan ‘off’

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PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

3. PA FAN

Start permissives:
i) PA FAN control oil pressure adequate (≥8 atm)
ii) PA FAN lube oil pressure adequate (≥0.8 atm)
iii) PA FAN lube oil temp after cooler/filter not high(<50°c)
iv) PA FAN motor winding temp. phase (R, Y, B) not high(<125ºc)
v) PA FAN motor NDE bearing temp not high(<85ºc)
vi) PA FAN motor DE bearing temp not high(<85ºc)
vii) PA FAN fan DE bearing temp not high(<90ºc)
viii)PA FAN fan NDE bearing temp not high(<90ºc)
ix) PA FAN blade pitch minimum(<2%)
x) PA FAN outlet damper closed
xi) Either PA FAN LOP-A or LOP-B ‘on’
xii) PA FAN lube oil tank level not low
xiii)Any one of the following conditions present
a) BOTH FD FANS ‘on’
b) FD FAN-A ‘on’ & other PAFAN ‘off’
c) FD FAN-B ‘on’ & other PAFAN ‘off’
xiv) Any one of the following conditions present
a) PAH-A ‘on’ & air path available & PAH-B ‘on’ & air path
available
b) PAH-A ‘on’ & air path a available & other PA FAN ‘off’
c) PAH-B ‘on’ & air path available & other PA FAN ‘off’
xv) No switchgear disturbance
xvi) Other PA fan ‘on’ or start permissives available from Boiler maxDNA
DCS system

Protection stop conditions:


i) PA FAN motor NDE bearing temp very high(≥90ºc)
ii) PA FAN motor DE bearing Temp very high(≥90ºc)
iii) PA FAN DE bearing temp very high(≥110ºc)
iv) PA FAN NDE bearing temp very high(≥110ºc)
v) PA FAN motor winding temp. phase(R, Y, B) very high(≥130ºc)
vi) PA FAN motor DE bearing vibration (X,Y) very high(≥11(rms)mm/sec)
vii) PA FAN motor NDE bearing vibration (X,Y) very
high(≥11(rms)mm/sec)
viii) PA FAN bearing vibration(X,Y) very high (≥19.8(p-p) mm/sec)
ix) Both FD FANS ‘off’ 30 sec
x) MFT PA FAN operated
xi) PA FAN ‘on’ for 30 sec. & its o/l gate remain closed & not open
x) PA FANS emergency push button operated(UCD)

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PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

LUB OIL PUMPS INTERLOCKS for PA FAN


1) LOP-A auto ‘starts’ when any one of the following conditions occurs
i) LOP-B tripped for 2 sec
ii) PA FAN ‘on’ & control oil pressure low(<5atm with delay 2 sec)
iii) LOP-B ‘on’ for 90 sec & control oil pressure low(<5atm with delay 2
sec)
2) LOP-B gets auto ‘start’ when any one of the following conditions occurs
i) LOP-A tripped for 2 sec.
ii) PA FAN ‘on’ & control oil pressure low(<5atm with delay 2 sec)
iii) LOP-A ‘on’ for 90 sec & control oil pressure low(<5atm with delay 2
sec)
3) Stop permisives :
i) Tanl level low
ii) LOP-B ‘on’
iii) ID fan ‘off’

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PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

4. SAPH MAIN(ELECTRIC) MOTOR


Start permissives:
i) SAH support bearing metal temp ‘or’ oil bearing temp not very
high(<70c)
ii) SAH guide bearing metal temp ‘or’ oil bearing temp not very
high(<70c)

SAH SUPPORT BEARING LOP-A INTERLOCKS


1) SAH support bearing LOP-A auto ‘start’ with any one of the following
conditions present
i) SAH ‘on’, support bearing lube oil temp high (40°c) & LOP-B ‘off’
ii) SAH support bearing LOP-B ‘stop’ for 2 sec., SAH ‘on’& support
bearing lube oil temp high(>40ºc)
iii) SAH support bearing LOP-B ‘on’ for 30 sec., SAH ‘on’, support
bearing Lube oil temp high(>40ºc) & Lube oil flow low(<7 LPM)
2) SAH support bearing LOP-A auto ‘stop’ condition
i) SAH support bearing lube oil temp not high (≤35°c with delay 30 sec)

SAH SUPPORT BEARING LOP-B INTERLOCKS


1) SAH support bearing LOP-B auto ‘start’ with any one of the following
conditions present
i) SAH ‘on’, support bearing lube oil temp high (40°c) & LOP-A ‘off’
ii) SAH supp bearing LOP-A ‘stopped’ for 2 sec., SAH ‘on’ & support
bearing lube oil temp high(>40ºc)
iii) SAH supp bearing LOP-A ‘on’ for 30 sec., SAH ‘on’, sup bearing
Lube oil temp high(>40ºc) & Lube oil flow low (< 7LPM)

2) SAH support bearing LOP-B auto ‘stop’ condition


i) SAH support bearing lube oil temp not high (≤35°c with delay 30 sec)

SAH GUIDE BEARING LOP-A INTERLOCKS


1.SAH guide bearing LOP-A auto ‘start’ with any one of the following
conditions present
i) SAH ‘on’ , guide bearing oil temp high(40°c) & LOP-B ‘off’
ii) SAH guide bearing LOP-B ‘off’ for 2 sec. , SAH ‘on’ & guide bearing
lube oil temp high(40°c)
iii) Guide bearing LOP-B ‘on’ for 30 sec., SAH ‘on’, guide bearing lube
oil temp high(40°c) & guide bearing. lube oil flow low (<7 LPM)
2. SAH guide bearing LOP-A auto ‘stop’ condition
i) Guide bearing lube oil temp not high (≤35°c with delay 30 sec)

SAH GUIDE BEARING LOP-B INTERLOCKS


1) SAH guide bearing LOP-B auto ‘start’ with any one of the following
conditions present
i) SAH ‘on’, guide bearing lub oil temp high (40°c) & LOP-A ‘off’
ii) SAH guide bearing LOP-A ‘stopped’ for 2 sec., SAH ‘on’ & guide
bearing lube oil temp high(>40ºc)

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PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

iii) SAH guide bearing LOP-A ‘on’ for 30 sec., SAH ‘on’, guide bearing
lube oil temp high(>40ºc) & lube oil flow low (<7 LPM)
2) SAH guide bearing LOP-B auto ‘stop’ condition
i) SAH guide bearing lube oil temp not high (≤35°c with delay 30 sec)

5. SAPH AIR MOTOR


Start permissives:
i) SAH support bearing ‘or’ oil bearing temp not very high (<70c)
ii) SAH guide bearing ‘or’ oil bearing temp not very high (<70c)
iii) Air pressure before solenoid valve not low (>2Ksc)
iv) Main(Electric) motor ‘off’
SAPH AIR MOTOR INTERLOCKS
AIR motor auto start with the following condition
i) SAPH electric motor tripped
AIR motor auto stop with the following condition
i) SAPH electric motor ‘on’

6. PAPH MAIN(ELECTRIC) MOTOR


Start permissives:
i) PAH support bearing metal temp or oil bearing temp. not very high
(<70 c)
ii) PAH guide bearing metal temp or oil bearing temp not very high(<70c)

PAH SUPPORT BEARING LOP-A INTERLOCKS


1) PAH support bearing LOP-A auto ‘start’ with any one of the following
conditions present
i) PAH ‘on’, support bearing lub oil temp high (40°c) & LOP-B ‘stop’
ii) PAH support bearing LOP-B ‘stop’ for 2 sec., PAH ‘on’ & support
bearing lube oil temp high(>40ºc)
iii) PAH support bearing LOP-B ‘on’ for 30 sec., PAH ‘on’, sup bearing
Lub oil temp high(>40ºc) & Lube oil flow low (<7 LPM)
2) PAH support bearing LOP-A auto ‘stop’ condition
i) PAH support bearing lube oil temp not high (≤35°c)

PAH SUPPORT BEARING LOP-B INTERLOCKS


1) PAH support bearing LOP-B auto ‘start’ with any one of the following
conditions present
i) PAH ‘on’, support bearing lube oil temp high (40°c) & LOP-A ‘stop’
ii) PAH supp bearing LOP-A ‘stop’ for 2 sec., PAH ‘on’ &support bearing
lube oil temp high(>40ºc)
iii) PAH supp bearing LOP-A ‘on’ for 30 sec., PAH ‘on’, support bearing
Lube oil temp high(>40ºc) & Lube oil flow low (<7 LPM)
2) PAH support bearing LOP-B auto ‘stop’ condition
i) PAH support bearing lube oil temp not high (≤35°c)

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PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

PAH GUIDE BEARING LOP-A INTERLOCKS


1) PAH guide bearing LOP-A auto ‘start’ with any one of the following
conditions present
i) PAH ‘on’ , guide bearing oil temp high(40°c) & LOP-B ‘off’
ii) PAH guide bearing lop-b ‘off’ for 2 sec. , PAH ‘on’ & guide bearing lube
oil temp high(40°c)
iii) Guide bearing LOP-B ‘on’ for 30 sec., , PAH ‘on’ & guide bearing lube
oil temp high(40°c) & guide bearing. lube oil flow low (<7 LPM)
2) PAH guide bearing LOP-A auto ‘stop’ condition
i) Guide bearing lube oil temp not high (≤35°c)

PAH GUIDE BEARING LOP-B INTERLOCKS


1) PAH guide bearing LOP-B auto ‘start’ with any one of the following
conditions present
i) PAH ‘on’, guide bearing lube oil temp high (40°c) & LOP-A ‘off’
ii) PAH guide bearing LOP-A ‘stop’ for 2 sec., PAH ‘on’ & guide bearing
lub oil temp high(>40ºc)
iii) PAH guide bearing LOP-A ‘on’ for 30 sec., PAH ‘on’, guide bearing Lo
temp high(>40ºc) & Lube oil flow low (<7 LPM)
2) PAH guide bearing LOP-B auto ‘stop’ condition
i) PAH guide bearing lube oil temp not high (≤35°c)

7. PAPH AIR MOTOR


Start permissives:
i) PAH support bearing &oil bearing temp not very high(<70c)
ii) PAH guide bearing & oil bearing temp not very high(<70c)
iii) Air pressure before solenoid valve not low(>2Ksc)
iv) Main(Electric) motor ‘off’
PAPH AIR MOTOR INTERLOCKS
AIR motor auto ‘start’ condition
i) PAPH electric motor tripped
AIR motor auto ‘stop’ condition
i) PAPH electric motor ‘on’

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PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

8. BCW PUMP
Start permissives:
i) BCW PUMP discharge valve-1 opened
ii) BCW PUMP discharge valve-2 opened
iii) LP cooling water outlet flow not low
iv) BCW PUMP motor cavity temp ok (>2c to <57c)
v) Temp. difference between suction manifold & casing not high( <38c)
vi) Drum N2 filling isolation valve-left(both) closed
vii) Drum N2 filling isolation valve-right (both) closed
viii) No switchgear disturbance
Protection stop conditions:
i) BCW PUMP discharge valve -1 not opened
ii) BCW PUMP discharge valve -2 not opened
iii) BCW PUMP motor cavity temp very high (60°cw time delay 5 sec)

9. BCW EMERGENCY COOLING WATER FILL PUMP


Start permissives:
i) Suction valve opened
Protection stop conditions:
i) Suction valve opened
Auto Start conditions:
Either of the following conditions present
i) Other pump ‘on’ & CW tank level low
ii) Other pump tripped
Auto Stop condition:
i) CW tank level low

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PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

10. MDBFP
Start permissives:
i) MDBFP cooling water header pressure adequate
ii) MDBFP motor stator winding temp phase (R, Y, B) not high (< 125°c)
iii) MDBFP booster pump journal DE &NDE bearing temp not
high(<90°c)
iv) MDBFP booster pump thrust bearing temp not high (<100°c)
v) MDBFP hydro coupling oil tank level not low
vi) MDBFP suction valve opened
vii) Deaerator level not low (> normal water level -437mm)
viii) MDBFP working oil temp upstream of coolers not high(<110°c)
ix) MDBFP working oil temp down stream of coolers not high(<75°c)
x) MDBFP lube oil temp down stream of coolers not high(<55°c)
xi) MDBFP top/ bottom differential temp not high(<22°c)
xii) MDBFP journal DE &NDE bearing temp not high(<90°c)
xiii) MDBFP thrust bearing metal temp not high(<100°c)
xiv) MDBFP motor bearing temp not high(<85°c)
xv) MDBFP lube oil header pr (> 2 Ksc) & MDBFP Aux Oil Pump ‘on’
xvi) MDBFP minimum recirculation valve opened
xvii) MDBFP cooling water valve closed
xviii) MDBFP hydro coupling bearing temp not high(<90°c)
xix) Either one of the following conditions present
a) MDBFP discharge valve & MDBFP discharge valve of integral
bypass valve closed
b) MDBFP on standby selected
xx) Either one of the following conditions present
a) Rapid start up solenoid – 91 ‘on’, rapid start up solenoid – 92 ‘on’
& MDBFP hydraulic scoop tube position 0%
b) MDBFP scoop tube position minimum
xxi) MDBFP reverse rotation switch not operated & MDBFP on standby
selected
xxii) No switchgear disturbance
Protection stop conditions:
i) MDBFP lub oil press very low(< 0.8 Ksc)
ii) MDBFP working oil temp upstream of coolers very high(>130°c)
iii) MDBFP working oil press very low(< 2.2 Ksc time delay 5 sec)
iv) MDBFP suction valve not opened
v) MDBFP lub oil temp down stream of coolers very high(> 60°c)
vi) MDBFP journal bearing temp very high( 95°c time delay 15 sec)
vii) MDBFP thrust bearing metal temp very high( 105°c time delay
15 sec)
viii) MDBFP motor stator winding temp very high( 130°c)
ix) Deareator level very low(< - 900mm)
x) MDBFP motor bearing temp very high(  90°c time delay 15 sec)
xi) MDBFP BP journal bearing temp very high( 95°c time delay15
sec)

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PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

xii) MDBFP BP thrust bearing temp very high( 105°C time delay 15
sec)
xiii) MDBFP suction flow variable set point present ( 10T/Hr)
xiv) MDBFP suction & discharge differential temp high(> 15°c time
delay 30 sec)
xv) MDBFP hydraulic coupling bearing temp very high( 95°c)
xvi) BFPS emergency push button & release button operated(UCD)
xvii) MDBFP suction flow <100 T/hr for >45 sec

MDBFP Auto start


MDBFP Auto start permissives:
i) MDBFP selected in standby
ii) MDBFP start permissives available except scoop tube position minimum
MDBFP Auto start sequences:
i) MDBFP scoop tracks feed water master demand in stand by mode
selection
ii) Rapid startup solenoids 91& 92 get energized & scoop drives to 0% when
TDBFP-A or B tripped
iii) MDBFP auto starts with scoop tube position feedback 0%
iv) Rapid startup solenoids 91&92 get deenergized after MDBFP starts
v) MDBFP scoop goes to auto mode after 25 sec delay of TDBFP-A or B
tripped

11. MDBFP AOP


Auto Start conditions:
i) MDBFP ‘on’& lub oil header press low(≤1.2Ksc time delay 2 sec)
ii) MDBFP ‘off ’& suction pressure( >15Ksc)
iii) MDBFP ‘off ’& reverse rotation switch operated
iv) MDBFP ‘tripped ’ for 5seconds

Auto Stop conditions:


i) MDBFP ‘on’& lub oil header press adequate( 2.5Ksc for >2 sec)
ii) MDBFP ‘off ’& MDBFP not selected in standby & any MDBFP any
bearing temp not high (<100ºc) for >30 min

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PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

12. CEP
Start permissives:
i) Hot well level not low (>-250mm normal water level)
ii) CEP suction valve opened
iii) CEP thrust bearing temp not high(<100 ºc)
iv) CEP motor bearing temp not high(<85 ºc )
v) CEP motor winding temp phase (R, Y, B) not high(<125 ºc)
vi) CEP recirculation valve position>40% opened.
vii) CEP vent to LP drain flash tank valve opened
viii) Either one of the following conditions present
a) CEP standby selected & CEP discharge valve opened
b) CEP discharge valve closed
c) CEP discharge pressure>min(19Ksc)
Protection stop conditions:
i) CEP suction valve not opened
ii) Hot well level very low (≤-1955mm normal water level)
iii) CEP motor bearing temp very high(≥90ºc)
iv) CEP thrust bearing temp very high(≥105ºc time delay 15 sec)
v) CEP motor winding phase (R, Y, B) temp very high (≥130 ºc)
vi) CEPS emergency push button& release button operated(UCD)
vii) CEP pump “on” for 15 sec & discharge pressure very low(<20Ksc time
delay 5 sec)
viii) CEP pump “on” for 10sec & discharge flow very low(<300m3/hr time
delay 15 sec)
CEP Auto start condition:
i) CEP selected in standby & other CEP ‘on’& discharge press low

13. ECW(TG)
Start permissives:
i) ECW PUMPS (TG) suction header press adequate (≥2.5Ksc)
ii) ECW (TG) suction valve opened
iii) Either one of the following conditions present
i) Any ECW(TG) PUMP ‘on’
ii) Overhead tank level normal(≥200mm)
iv) ECW PUMP motor bearing temp not high(<85ºc)
v) ECW PUMP motor winding phase (R, Y, B) temp not high(<125ºc)
vi) Either one of the following conditions present
a) ECW PUMP standby selected & ECW PUMP discharge valve
opened
b) ECW PUMP discharge valve closed
vii) No switchgear disturbance
Protection stop conditions:
i) ECW PUMP ‘on’ & discharge valve fail to open (for >120 sec)
ii) ECW PUMP ‘on’ & suction valve not opened ( for >30sec)

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PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

iii) ECW PUMPS suction header press very low (≤0.2 Ksc for > 30sec)
iv) Any one of the following conditions occurs
a) ECW PUMPS discharge header press very high(≥8.5 Ksc for>30sec)
both ECW pumps-B,C ‘off’ & ECW pump-A ‘on’ >15sec
b) ECW PUMPS discharge header press very high (≥8.5 Ksc for>30sec)
either of ECW pumps-B or C ‘on’ & ECW pump-A ‘on’(>2sec)
v) ECW PUMP motor bearing temp very high (≥90 ºc)
vi) ECW PUMP motor winding phase (R, Y, B) temp very high (≥130 ºc)
ECW PUMP- A(TG) INTERLOCKS
ECW pump-A(TG) auto start with any of the following conditions
ECW pump-A standby selected & any of the following conditions
i) ECW pump-C ‘on’ for >30sec & ECW pumps discharge header press
low (≤55mwc) >120sec
ii) ECW pump-B ‘on’ for >30sec & ECW pumps discharge header press
low (≤55mwc) >120sec & ECW pump-C ‘off’ >2sec
iii) ECW pump-C ‘on’ for >30sec & ECW pump-C disch press low
>120sec
iv) ECW pump-C tripped
v) ECW pump-B tripped & ECW pump-C not ‘on’ > 2sec
vi) ECW pump-C not ‘on’ & ECW pump-C start condition on standby not
present & ECW pump-B tripped

14. ECW(SG)
Start permissives:
i) ECW pump suction valve opened
ii) ECW pumps suction header press adequate(≥25 mwc)
iii) No switchgear disturbace
iv) Either of the following conditions present
a) Any ECW pump ‘on’
b) Overhead tank level normal(≥200mm)
a) ECW pump standby selected & ECW pump discharge valve opened
b) ECW pump discharge valve closed
Protection Stop conditions:
i) ECW pump ‘on’ & discharge valve fail to open (>120 sec)
ii) ECW pumps suction header press very low(≤2 mmwc for >30sec)
iii) ECW pumps discharge header press very high(≥110 mmwc for
>30sec)
iv) ECW pump ‘on’ & suction valve not opened(>30sec)

ECW PUMP(SG) INTERLOCKS


ECW pump-A(SG) auto start conditions
ECW pump-A standby selected & any of the following conditions present
i) ECW pump-B ‘on’ for >30sec & ECW-B discharge press low( >120sec)
ii) ECW pump-B ‘on’ for >30sec & ECW pumps discharge header
pressure low (≤75 mmwc) >120sec
iii) ECW pump-B drive tripped

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 82 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

15. ACW PUMP


Start permissives:
i) ACW pump suction valve opened
ii) ACW pumps suction header press adequate (≥1 Ksc)
iii) No switchgear disturbance
iv) Either one of the following conditions present
a) ACW pump standby selected & ACW pump discharge valve opened
b) ACW pump discharge valve closed
Protection stop conditions:
i) ACW pump “on” & discharge valve failed to open(>120sec)
ii) ACW pumps suction header press very low (≤ 0.2 Ksc)
iii) ACW pump ‘on’ & suction valve not opened(>30sec)
iv) Any one of the following conditions occurs
a) ACW pumps discharge header press very high(≥4.5 Ksc
for>30sec), both ACW pumps-B&C ‘off’ & ACW pump-A ‘on’
(>15sec)
b) ACW pumps discharge header press very high (≥4.5 Ksc
for>30sec),either of ACW pumps-B or C ‘on’ & ACW pump-A
‘on’(>8sec)

ACW PUMP- A INTERLOCKS

ACW pump-A auto start with any of the following conditions


ACW pump-A standby selected & any of the following conditions present
i) ACW pump-C ‘on’ for >30 sec & ACW pumps discharge header pressure
low (≤2ksc for >120 sec)
ii) ACW pump-B ‘on’ for >30 sec & ACW pumps discharge header pressure
low (≤2Ksc for >120 sec) & ACW pump-C ‘off’ >2 sec
iii) ACW pump-C ‘on’ for >30 sec & ACW pump-C discharge pressure low
(≤2 Ksc for >120 sec)
iv) ACW pump-C tripped
v) ACW pump-C not ‘on’ & ACW pump-B tripped>2 sec
vi) ACW pump-C not ‘on’ & ACW pump-C start condition on standby not
present & ACW pump-B tripped

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 83 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

16. CWP
Start permissives:
i) CWP Sump level not low( >5.2 mtrs)
ii) CWP Discharge butterfly valve 100% closed
0
iii) CWP Thrust bearing temp not high (< 100 c)
0
iv) CWP Motor top guide bearing Temp not high(< 100 c)
0
v) CWP Motor bottom guide bearing. temp not high(< 100 c)
vi) CWP reverse rotation not operated
vii) Any other CW pump not “on” within 60 sec
0
viii) CWP Motor winding temp not high(< 130 c)
ix) No switchgear disturbance
x) Any one of the following conditions present
a)condenser-left pass inlet v/v opened & condenser-left pass outlet v/v
opened
b) condenser-right pass inlet v/v opened & condenser-right pass outlet
v/v opened
c) CW pumps common recirculation valve opened & CW header inter
connection valve-1(u#5) opened
d) CW header inter connection valve-1(u#5) opened , condensate path
u#4 available & CW header inter connection val-2(u#4) opened
xi) BFV solenoid(S4) 24V supply healthy
xii) BFV accumulator pressure not low(>101Ksc)
xiii) BFV oil pump start permissives available

Protection stop conditions:


0
i) CWP Motor top guide bearing temp very high(110 c time delay 15
sec)
0
ii) CWP Motor bottom guide bearing temp very high(110 c)
iii) CWP Disch butter fly valve fast close command issued from BFV
panel
0
iv) CWP Thrust bearing temp very high(110 c)
0
v) CWP Motor winding phase (R,Y,B) temp very high(135 c)
vi) CWP Thrust bearing vibration very high(150 microns time delay
15sec)
vii) CWP Sump level very low (≤ 4.8 mtrs time delay 10sec)
viii) CWP Discharge pressure very high for > 90 sec (3.5 Ksc)
ix) CWP “on” & discharge butterfly valve  90 % not open for 90 sec
x) Either S2 or S1 energized to open

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 84 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

17. BFV OIL PUMP


Start permissives:
Any one of the following conditions present
1. i) BFV operation selected in remote
ii) Oil tank level not very low
iii) Nitrogen pressure adequate
iv) BFV power supply not failed
2.(2 sec pulse command)
i) Oil tank level not very low
ii) Nitrogen pressure adequate
iii) BFV accumulator pressure adequate
3. (2 sec pulse command)
i) Oil tank level not very low
ii) Nitrogen pressure adequate
iii) BFV priming command from BFV panel
Stop permissives:
i) BFV operation selected in remote
ii) Accumulator pressure ok(>120Ksc)
Protection Stop condition:
i) BFV Accumulator tank level very low
Auto start conditions:
i) Accumulator pressure low(<100Ksc)
ii) BFV priming command from BFV panel
Auto start conditions:
i) Accumulator pressure ok(>120Ksc)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 85 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

18. SACT FAN


Start permissives:
0
i) SACT FAN gear box temp not high(<75 c)
ii) SACT FAN gear box lub oil level not low
Protection stop conditions:
0
i) SACT FAN gear box temp very high(80 c)
ii) SACT FAN gear box lub oil level low
iii) SACT FAN vibration very high(12mm/sec time delay 5 sec)
Auto start condition:
i) SACT fan selected in standby &either of other two fans tripped

19. SERVICE WATER PUMP


Start permissives:
i) SWP Suction valve opened
ii) Service water sump level adequate(≥2.0mtr)
iii) Any one of the following conditions present
a) SWP discharge valve closed
b) SWP selected in standby & SWP discharge valve opened

Protection stop conditions:


i) SWP ‘on’ & suction valve not opened for 40 seconds
ii) Service water sump level very low(≤1.5mtr time delay 60 sec)
iii) SWP ‘on’ & discharge valve not opened for 40 seconds
iv) SWP discharge header pressure very high (≥9.5ksc for > 10 sec)
SWP interlocks:
SWP Auto start conditions
Any SWP selected in standby and
i) Either of the other two pumps ‘on’ & pumps discharge header pres
low(for 5sec)
ii) Either of the other two pumps ‘tripped’
SWP Auto stop conditions
i) SWP ‘on’ & either of the other two pumps ‘on’ & pumps discharge
header pressure high(for 10 sec)≥9.0ksc
ii) SWP ‘on’, either of the other two pumps ‘on’ & pumps discharge
header pressure high(for 10 sec)≥9.0ksc

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 86 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

20. AIR PREHEATER WASH PUMP(APHWP)


Start permissives:
i) APHWP Suction valve opened
ii) Service water sump level adequate(≥2.0mtr)
iii) Any one of the following conditions present
a) APHWP discharge valve closed
b) APHWP selected in standby & APHWP discharge valve opened
Protection stop conditions:
i) APHWP ‘on’ & suction valve not opened for 40 seconds
ii) Service water sump level very low(≤1.5mtr time delay 60 sec)
iii) APHWP ‘on’ & discharge valve not opened for 40 seconds
iv) APHWP discharge header pressure very high (≥9.5ksc for delay of 10
sec)
APHWP interlocks:
APHWP Auto starts with any one of the following conditions present
Any APHWP selected in standby and
i) The other APHWP ‘on’ & discharge header pressure low(<6Ksc time
delay 5 sec)
ii) The other APHWP tripped

APHWP Auto stop with any one of the following conditions present
i) APHWP ‘on’ , the other APHWP ‘off’ &discharge header pr high((≥9.0ksc)
for 10sec
ii) APHWP ‘on’ , the other APHWP ‘not off’ &discharge header pr
high((≥9.0ksc) for 10sec

21. SACW PUMP


Start permissives:
i) SACWP discharge valve closed
ii) Sump level adequate(≥2.5mtr)
iii) SACWP reverse rotation not operated
Protection stop conditions:
i) SACWP ‘on’ & discharge valve not opened for 60 seconds
ii) Sump level very low(≤2.0mtr time delay 60 sec)
iii) SACWP discharge pressure very high(≥6.0 ksc time delay 90 sec)
SACWP INTERLOCKS
SACWP Auto starts with the following condition
i) Any SACWP selected in standby and either of the other two SACW
pumps tripped

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 87 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

22. TDBFP
Start permissives:
i) TDBFP suction valve opened
ii) Dearator level not low(≥-437mm)
0
iii) TDBFP top/bottom temp. difference not high(<20 c)
iv) Condenser Vacuum (≤0.5Ksc)
v) TDBFP lub oil header pressure not low(≥1.5Ksc)
0
vi) TDBFP lub oil temp. after cooler not high(<45 c)
vii) TDBFP control oil header pressure not low(>6.5Ksc)
viii) TDBFP min recirculation valve open
ix) TDBFP discharge valve closed
0
x) TDBFP suction & discharge differential temperature not high(<10 c)
0
xi) TDBFP turbine bearing temperature not high(<105 c)
0
xii) TDBFP gear box bearing temperature not high(<105 c)
0
xiii) TDBFP BP thrust bearing temperature not high(≤100 c)
0
xiv) TDBFP BP journal bearing temperature not high(≤90 c)
0
xv) TDBFP BP thrust bearing metal temperature not high(≤100 c)
0
xvi) TDBFP journal bearing temperature not high(≤90 c)
xvii) TDBFP trip oil pressure not adequate(<5Ksc)

Protection stop conditions:


TDBFP Trip oil pressure not very low(>2Ksc) & Any one of the following
condition occurs
i) TDBFP lube oil header pressure very low (<1.0Ksc)
0
ii) TDBFP exhaust steam temp very high(>120 c time delay 3 sec)
iii) TDBFP live steam pressure very high (>12.5Ksc for >180sec)
iv) TDBFP exhaust steam pressure very high(>-0.4 Ksc)
v) TDBFP cont. oil header pressure very low(<4.5Ksc)
vi) TDBFP turbine axial displacement very high for >5sec(>0.5mm)
vii) TDBFP turbine ecc. very high(>92)
viii) TDBFP gear box o/p vibration very high for >5sec(>70)
ix) TDBFP gear box i/p vibration very high for>5 sec(>70)
x) TDBFP over speed (6300rpm)
xi) TDBFP turbine front journal bearing vibration very high
xii) ( >70micron for>5sec)
xiii) TDBFP turbine rear journal bearing vibration very high
(70micron for>5sec)
xiv) Deaerator level very low (≤ -1437mm)
0
xv) TDBFP gear box bearing temp very high (120 c time delay 15
sec)
0
xvi) TDBFP turbine bearing temp very high(120 c time delay 60 sec)
0
xvii) TDBFP BP journal bearing temp very high(> 95 c time delay 15
sec)
0
xviii) TDBFP BP thrust bearing temp very high(>105 c time delay
15sec)
0
xix) TDBFP journal bearing temp very high(> 95 c time delay 15 sec)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 88 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY
0
xx) TDBFP thrust bearing metal temp very high(> 105 c time delay 15
sec)
0
xxi) TDBFP suction & discharge differential temp very high(>15 c
time delay 30 sec)
xxii) TDBFP feed water suction flow low(<100t/hr)
xxiii) TDBFP manual trip from LVS
xxiv) All BFPS emergency push button & release button operated
(UCD)
xxv) TDBFP working & suction flow< variable set point(≤400 t/hr) for >
30 sec
xxvi) TDBFP suction valve not opened
TDBFP OIL VAPOR EXTRACTOR FAN
Oil vapor extractor fan gets auto ‘start’ with Any one of the following
conditions present
i) TDBFP oil vapor extractor fan-B gets tripped
ii) a)TDBFP SGC oil system startup sequence ‘on’
b) TDBFP oil vapor extractor fan-B ‘off’

TDBFP LUB OIL PUMP-A


Lub oil pump-A gets auto ‘start’ with any one of the following conditions
present
i) TDBFP-A working & lub oil discharge pressure low (<7Ksc)
ii) TDBFP-A working & lub oil header discharge pressure low (<1.5Ksc)
iii) TDBFP lub oil pump-B gets tripped
iv) TDBFP lub oil pump-B ‘on’ for 90 sec & lub oil discharge pressure low
(<7Ksc)
v)TDBFP lub oil pump-B ‘on’ for 90 sec & lub oil header discharge pressure
low(<1.5Ksc)

TDBFP EMERGENCY OIL PUMP


Emergency oil pump-a gets auto ‘start’ with following condition present
i) EOP auto on check back selected & lube oil header pressure very
low(<1Ksc)
Stop permissives:
i) EOP auto on check back not selected & any one of the following
conditions present
a) LOP-A ‘on’
b) LOP-B‘on’
c) TDBFP speed zero
TDBFP JACKING OIL PUMP
Jacking oil pump gets auto ‘start’ with following conditions present
i)TDBFP speed≤510rpm
ii) TDBFP sub group control oil system startup sequence ‘on’& turning
gear valve open

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 89 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

23. HP DOSING PUMPS


1.PHOSPHATE DOSING PUMP
Start permissives:
i) Phosphate metering tank level adequate
ii) Phosphate metering tank stirrer ‘on’
iii) Phosphate dosing operation selected in remote
Stop permissives:
i) Phosphate dosing operation selected in remote
ii) Stop command from local control panel
Stop permissives:
i) Tank level low
Phosphate dosing pump gets auto ‘start’ with any one of the following
conditions
i)Other Phosphate dosing pump ‘on’ & discharge press low
ii) Other Phosphate dosing pump tripped
iii) Phosphate dosing pump start command from Local Control Panel
Phosphate dosing pump gets auto ‘stop’ with following condition
i) Phosphate dosing pump stop command from Local Control Panel
2.PHOSPHATE PREPARATION TANK STIRRER
Start permissives:
i)Phosphate preparation tank level not low
ii) Phosphate dosing operation selected in remote
iii) Stirrer start command from local control panel
Stop permissives:
i) Phosphate dosing operation selected in remote
ii) Stop command from local control panel
Phosphate preparation tank stirrer gets auto ‘start’ with following condition
i) Phosphate preparation tank stirrer start command from Local Control
Panel
Phosphate preparation tank stirrer gets auto ‘stop’ with following condition
i) Phosphate preparation tank stirrer ‘stop’ command from Local Control
Panel
3.PHOSPHATE METERING TANK STIRRER
Start permissives:
i) Phosphate metering tank level not low
ii) Phosphate dosing operation selected in remote
iii) Stirrer start command from local control panel

Stop permissives:
i) Phosphate dosing operation selected in remote
ii) Stop command from local control panel
Phosphate metering tank stirrer gets auto ‘start’ with following condition
i) Phosphate metering tank stirrer start command from Local Control Panel
Phosphate metering tank stirrer gets auto ‘stop’ with following condition
i) Phosphate metering tank stirrer ‘stop’ command from Local Control
Panel

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 90 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

24. LP DOSING PUMPS


1.HYDRAZINE DOSING PUMP
Start permissives:
i) Hydrazine storage tank level not low
Protection Stop condition:
i) Hydrazine storage tank level very low

2. HYDRAZINE STORAGE TANK AGITATOR


Start permissives:
i) Hydrazine storage tank level not low & Hydrazine dosing system remote
selection ‘on’
ii) Hydrazine storage tank level not low & Hydrazine stirrer agitator
command from local control panel
Protection Stop condition:
i) Hydrazine storage tank level very low
Auto start condition:
i) Hydrazine storage tank agitator start command from Local Control
Panel
Auto stop condition:
i) Hydrazine storage tank agitator ‘stop’ command from Local Control
Panel

3.AMMONIA DOSING PUMP


Start permissives:
i) Ammonia storage tank level not low
Protection Stop condition:
i) Ammonia storage tank level very low
4.AMMONIA STORAGE TANK AGITATOR
Start permissives:
i) Ammonia storage tank level not low
Protection Stop condition:
i) Ammonia storage tank level very low

5.NaOH DOSING STIRRER (TG)


Start permissives:
i) NaOH storage tank(TG) level not low
Protection Stop condition:
i) NaOH storage tank(TG) level very low
6.NaOH DOSING STIRRER(SG)
Start permissives:
i) NaOH storage tank(SG) level not low
Protection Stop condition:
i) NaOH storage tank(SG) level very low

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 91 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

25. DM/CST CONDENSATE TRANSFER PUMP


Start permissives: Either of the following condition present
1. i) Condensate storage tank(CST ) outlet valve closed
ii) CST level not low
iii) CST transfer pump in kept auto mode
iv) CST transfer pump discharge valve closed
v) CST transfer pump suction valve opened
2. i) CST transfer pump not kept in auto mode
ii) CST transfer pump discharge valve closed
iii) CST transfer pump suction valve opened
Protection stop conditions:
i) CST transfer pump suction valve not opened
ii) CST transfer pump ‘on’ & discharge valve remain closed(≥60sec)
iii) CST transfer pump in kept auto mode & CST outlet valve not opened
iv) CST transfer pump in kept auto mode & CST level very low<1000mm
CST transfer pump gets auto ‘start’ with Any one of the following conditions
present
1. i) Condensate emergency makeup control valve demand >60%
ii) CST transfer pump in kept auto mode
2. i) condensate makeup bypass valve open position>60%
ii) CST transfer pump in kept auto mode
CST transfer pump gets auto ‘stop’ with any one of the following conditions
present
1. i) Condensate emergency makeup control valve open position<2%
ii) CST transfer pump in kept auto mode
2. i) Condensate makeup bypass valve open position<2%
ii) CST transfer pump kept in auto mode

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 92 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

26. LP HEATERS
(I) LP HEATER-1 INLET VALVE
Open permissives:
i) LPH-1 level not high(<25mm) & I/L valve integral bypass valve opened
Close permissive:
i) LPH-1 Bypass valve opened
Protection close condition:
i) LPH-1 level very high(≥75mm with10 sec delay) & LPH-1 Bypass valve
not closed

(II) LP HEATER-1 BYPASS VALVE


Protection open:
i) LPH-1 level very high(≥75mm)
Auto close condition:
i) LPH-1 inlet & outlet valve opened
Close permissive:
i) LPH-1 inlet & outlet valve opened

(III) LP HEATER-1 OUTLET VALVE


Open permissives:
i) LPH-1 level not high(<25mm)
Close permissive:
i) LPH-1 bypass valve opened
Protection close condition:
i) LPH-1 level very high(≥75mm with 10 sec delay) & LPH-1 Bypass
valve not closed

(IV) LP HEATER-2 INLET VALVE


Open permissives:
i) LPH-2 level not high(<85mm) & I/L valve integral bypass valve
opened
Close permissive:
i) LPH-2 Bypass valve opened
Protection close condition:
i) LPH-2 level very high (≥385mm (≥385mm for LPH-3) with 10 sec delay)
& LPH-2 Bypass valve opened

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 93 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

(V) LP HEATER-2 BYPASS VALVE


Protection open condition:
i) LPH-2 level very high(≥385mm)
Auto close condition:
i) LPH-2 inlet & outlet valve opened(2 sec pulse)
Close permissive:
i) LPH-2 inlet & outlet valve opened

(VI) LP HEATER-2 OUTLET VALVE


Open permissives:
i) LPH-2 level not high(<85mm)
Close permissive:
i) LPH-2 bypass valve opened
Protection close condition:
i) LPH-2 level very high(≥385mm with 10 sec delay) & LPH-2 Bypass valve
opened

(VII) LP HEATER-2 EXTRACTION VALVE


Open permissives:
i) LPH-2 level not high(<85mm)
ii) LPH-2 inlet & outlet valves opened
iii) Turbine not tripped
Protection close conditions:
i) LPH-2 level very high(≥385mm with 10 sec delay)
ii) Turbine tripped
iii) LPH-2 inlet valve not opened
iv) LPH-2 outlet valve not opened
v) LPH-2 bypass valve not closed

(VIII) LP HEATER-2 EXTRACTION LINE DRAIN VALVE


Protection close conditions:
Any one of the following conditions present
i) Turbine tripped
ii) LPH-2 level very high(≥385mm with 10 sec delay)
Auto open condition:
i) LPH-2 Extraction valve closed
Auto close condition:
i) LPH-2 Extraction valve opened

Protection open conditions:


i) LPH-2 level very high(≥385mm )
ii) Turbine tripped

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 94 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

27. HP HEATER
(I) HP HEATER-5A INLET VALVE
Open permissives:
i) Both HPH-5A/6A level not high(<135mm)
Close permissives:
Either of the following conditions present
1. With all the following conditions present
i) HPH-5B inlet valve opened
ii) HPH-6B outlet valve opened
iii) HPH FW 50% Bypass valve opened
2. HPH FW 100% Bypass valve opened
Protection close conditions:
Either of the following conditions present
1. With all the following conditions present
a) HPH-5B inlet valve opened
b) HPH-6B outlet valve opened
c) HPH FW 50% Bypass valve opened
d) Any of the HPH-5A/6A level very high(≥415mm)
2. With all the following conditions present
a) HPH FW 100% Bypass valve opened
b) Any of the HPH-5A/6A level very high(≥415mm)

(II) HP HEATER-6A OUTLET VALVE


Open permissives:
i) Both HPH-5A/6A level not high(<135mm)
Close permissives:
Either of the following conditions present
1. With all the following conditions present
a) HPH-5B inlet valve opened
b) HPH-6B outlet valve opened
c) HPH FW 50% Bypass valve opened
2. HPH FW 100% Bypass valve opened
Protection close condition:
Either of the following conditions present
1. With all the following conditions present
a) HPH-5B inlet valve opened
b) HPH-6B outlet valve opened
c) HPH FW 50% Bypass valve opened
d) Any of the HPH-5A/6A level very high(≥415mm)
2. With all the following conditions present
a) HPH FW 100% Bypass valve opened
b) Any of the HPH-5A/6A level very high(≥415mm)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 95 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

(III) HP HEATER-5A EXTACTION STEAM I/L VLVE:


Open permissives:
i) Both HPH-5A/6A level not high(<135mm)
ii) HPH-5A inlet valve opened
iii) HPH-6A outlet valve opened
iv) Turbine not tripped
v) HPH stream-B OK with any one of the following conditions
a) HPH-5B inlet, 6B outlet ,FW 100% closed, 50% valve opened,
HPH- 5A/6A level not high(<135mm)
b) HPH-5B I/L , 6B O/L valves opened & FW 100%/50% valves closed,
HPH-5A/6A level not high(<135mm)
Protection close condition:
i) Any of the HPH-5A/6A level very high(≥415mm)
ii) Turbine tripped
iii) HPH-5A inlet valve not opened
iv) HPH-6A inlet valve not opened
v) HPH FW 100% valve not closed

(IV) HP HEATER-5A EXTACTION STEAM LINE DRAIN


VALVE:
Protection open conditions:
i) HPH-5A/6A & 5B/6B level very high(≥415mm)
ii) Turbine tripped
Auto open condition:
i) HPH 5A Extraction steam valve closed
Auto close condition:
i) HPH 5A Extraction steam valves opened (delay of 30 sec)

(V) HP HEATER 50% BYPASS VALVE:


Protection open condition:
i) HPH-5A/6A level very high(≥415mm)
ii) HPH-5B/6B level very high(≥415mm)
iii) HPH-5A inlet valve not opened
iv) HPH-6A outlet valve not opened
v) HPH-5B inlet valve not opened
vi) HPH-6B outlet valve not opened
Auto close conditions:
Auto close happen only for 2 sec when any of the following conditions exits
i) HPH feed water 100% bypass valve opened
ii) a) HPH-5A inlet valve opened
b) HPH-5B inlet valve opened
c) HPH-6A outlet valve opened
d) HPH-6B outlet valve opened

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 96 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

Close permissives: Either of the following conditions present


i) HPH feed water 100% bypass valve opened
ii) a) HPH-5A inlet valve opened
b) HPH-5B inlet valve opened
c) HPH-6A outlet valve opened
d) HPH-6B outlet valve opened

(VI) HP HEATER 100% BYPASS VALVE:


Protection open conditions:
i) HPH-5A&5B inlet valves not opened
ii) HPH-5A inlet & 6B outlet valves not opened
iii) HPH-5B&6B level very high & HPH-5A inlet valve not opened
iv) HPH-6A outlet &5B inlet valves not opened
v) HPH-6A outlet & 6B outlet valves not opened
vi) HPH-5B&6B level very high(≥415mm) & HPH-6A outlet valve not
opened
vii) HPH-5A/6A level very high(≥415mm) & HPH-5B inlet valves not
opened
viii) HPH-5A/6A level very high(≥415mm) & HPH-6B outlet valves not
opened
ix) Any of HPH 5A,5B,6A&6B level very high(≥415mm)
Auto close conditions:
Auto close happen only for 2 sec when any of the following conditions exits
i) HPH feed water 50% bypass valve ,HPH-5A inlet & HPH-6A outlet
valve opened
ii) HPH feed water 50% bypass valve ,HPH-5B inlet & HPH-6B outlet
valve opened
iii) HPH-5A inlet,HPH-6A outlet valve, HPH-5B inlet & HPH-6B outlet
valve opened
Close permissives:
i) HPH feed water 50% bypass valve ,HPH-5A inlet & HPH-6A outlet
valve opened
ii) HPH feed water 50% bypass valve ,HPH-5B inlet & HPH-6B outlet valve
opened
iii) HPH-5A inlet, HPH-6A outlet valve, HPH-5B inlet & HPH-6B outlet
valve opened

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 97 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

AIR COMPRESSOR
1. INSTRUMENT AIR COMPRESSOR
Start permissives:
i) Compressor Outlet Pressure(≤0bar)
ii) DP Air Filter (≤-0.050 bar)
iii) Oil Pressure 1.2bar within 20 sec of start command
iv) Inter Cooler Pressure(0.0 bar)
v) Compressor Outlet Temperature (≤27ºC)
vi) Element 1 outlet Temperature (≤28ºC)
vii) Element 2 inlet Temperature (≤26ºC)
viii) Element 2 outlet Temperature(≤27ºC)
ix) Cooling water Inlet Temperature (≤29ºC)
x) Cooling water LP outlet Temperature (≤29ºC)
xi) Cooling water outlet Temperature (≤29ºC)
xii) Oil Temperature (≤27ºC)
xiii) Emergency Stop closed
xiv) Remote Start/Stop opened
xv) Remote Load / Unload opened
xvi) Remote Pressure Sensing opened
xvii) Overload Motor closed
xviii) Starter feedback Contact opened
xix) PB1 open/ PB2 Closed
xx) Electrical Condensate drain (Drier) closed
xxi) Overload drier closed

Protections stop conditions:


i) Compressor Outlet Pressure (≥15 bar)
ii) Oil Pressure low (1.2 bar)
iii) Element 1 outlet Temperature (≥235ºc)
iv) Element 2 inlet Temperature (≥70ºc)
v) Element 2 outlet Temperature (≥235ºc)
vi) Oil Temperature (≥70ºc)
vii) Emergency Push Button Pressed

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 98 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

2. PLANT AIR COMPRESSOR


Start permissives:
i) Compressor Outlet Pressure(≤0bar)
ii) DP Air Filter (≤-0.050 bar)
iii) Oil Pressure 1.2bar within 20 sec of start command
iv) Inter Cooler Pressure(0.0 bar)
v) Compressor Outlet Temperature (≤27ºC)
vi) Element 1 outlet Temperature (≤28ºC)
vii) Element 2 inlet Temperature (≤26ºC)
viii) Element 2 outlet Temperature(≤27ºC)
ix) Cooling water Inlet Temperature (≤29ºC)
x) Cooling water LP outlet Temperature (≤29ºC)
xi) Cooling water outlet Temperature (≤29ºC)
xii) Oil Temperature (≤27ºC)
xiii) Emergency Stop closed
xiv) Remote Start/Stop opened
xv) Remote Load / Unload opened
xvi) Remote Pressure Sensing opened
xvii) Overload Motor closed
xviii) Starter feedback Contact opened
xix) PB1 open/ PB2 Closed
xx) Electrical Condensate drain (Drier) closed
xxi) Overload drier closed

Protections stop conditions:


i) Compressor Outlet Pressure (≥15 bar)
ii) Oil Pressure low (1.2 bar)
iii) Element 1 outlet Temperature (≥235ºc)
iv) Element 2 inlet Temperature (≥70ºc)
v) Element 2 outlet Temperature (≥235ºc)
vi) Oil Temperature (≥70ºc)
vii) Emergency Push Button Pressed

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 99 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

OFFSITES
All Offsite equipments are controlled by PLC system, except Aux.
Boiler & FOPH which are controlled by maxDNA system and CW
Pump, Compressor & SACT which are controlled by Station C&I
DDCMIS system.
All Offsite PLC systems are connected to Station C&I System
through OPC link via Station LAN for remote monitoring of drive
status and process parameters.
However, PLC of MUPH is connected to Stage-I DM Plant through
Wireless System for both remote monitoring & operation. Fire Water
PLC has got connectivity with remote OWS installed at CCR for
remote monitoring & operation.
The following packages against PLC make come under stage-II
offsites:

Sl no. System/area PLC make


1 DM PLANT GE FANUC
2 CW TREATMENT GE FANUC
3 MUPH GE FANUC
4 ASH HANDLING SYSTEM GE FANUC
5 CPU GE FANUC
6 HYDROZEN SYSTEM GE FANUC/OMRON
7 AWRS GE FANUC
8 FOPH GE FANUC
FIRE DETECTION &
9 SEIMENS
PROTECTION
10 COOLING TOWER SEIMENS
SCHNEIDER
11 RAW WATER SYSTEM
ELECTRIC
SCHNEIDER
12 WATER PRETREATMENT
ELECTRIC
SCHNEIDER
13 PT CHLORINATION
ELECTRIC
SCHNEIDER
14 CW CHLORINATION
ELECTRIC
15 CHP ABB

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 100 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

DM PLANT
The control & monitoring of the DM plant operating through GE Fanuc PLC
system in the DM plant control room.

1. ACID UNLOADING PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy

2.ALKALI MEASURING TANK AGITATOR


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Tank level not low(>150mm)

Protections stop condition:


1.Tank level very low(≤100mm)

3. ALKALI PRAPARATION TANK AGITATOR


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Tank level not low(>0.3mtr)

Protections stop conditions:


i) Tank level very low(≤0.2mtr)

4. LIME TANK AGITATOR


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Tank level not low(>08 mtrs)

Protections stop condition:


i) Tank level very low(≤0.6 mtrs)

5. ALKALI TRANSFER PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level not low(>0.3mtr)

Protections stop condition:


i) Selected tank level very low(≤0.2mtr)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 101 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

6. ALKALI METERING CUM DOSING PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level not low(>150mm)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Selected tank level very low(≤100mm)
ii) DM water flow low

7. ALKALI UN LOADING PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy

8. BOILER FILL PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level not low(>1.5mtr)
iii) Selected tank outlet valve open
iv) Pump discharge valve closed
v) Pump suction valve open
Protections stop conditions:
i) Selected tank level very low(≤1mtr)

9. DEGASSER BLOWER
Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy

10. DEGASSER WATER TRANSFER PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level not low(>0.95mtr)
iii) Suction valve open
iv) Pump discharge valve closed
Protections stop conditions:
i) Selected tank level very low(≤0.63mtr)

11. DM MAKEUP PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level not low(>1.5mtr)
iii) Selected tank outlet valve open
iv) Pump discharge valve closed
iv) Pump suction valve open
Protections stop conditions:
i) Selected tank level very low(≤1mtr)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 102 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

12. DM REGENERATION PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level not low(>1.5mtr)
iii) Selected tank outlet valve open
iv) Pump discharge valve closed
v) Pump suction valve open

Protections stop conditions:


i) Selected tank level very low(≤1mtr)

13. EFFLUENT DISPOSAL PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected sump level not low(>1mtr)
iii) Suction valve open
iv) Pump discharge valve closed

Protections stop conditions:


i) Selected sump level very low(≤0.5mtr)

14. FILTER WATER TRANSFER PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Sump level not low(>1.7mtr)
iii)Pump discharge valve closed

Protections stop conditions:


i) Sump level very low(≤1.2mtr)

15. ELECTRIC HEATER


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Tank level not low(>1mtr)
iii)Temperature not high(<40ºc)

Protections stop conditions:


i) Tank level very low(≤0.75mtr)
ii)Temperature high(>50ºc)

16. MIX BED BLOWER


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 103 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

CW TREATMENT PLANT
1. ACID DOSING PUMP
Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level not low(>300mm)
iii) Water supply pump flow not low
iv) PH value not low(>7)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Selected tank level very low(≤200mm)

2. ACID UNLOADING PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level not high(≤2.5mtr)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Selected tank level very high(≥2.5mtr)

3. CW WATER SUPPLY PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy

4. DISPERSANT DOSING PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level not low(>300mm)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Selected tank level very low(≤200mm)

5. DISPERSANT MEASURING TANK AGITATOR


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Tank level not low(>300mm)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level very low(≤200mm)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 104 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

6. SCALE INHIBITOR TANK AGITATOR


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Tank level not low(>300mm)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level very low(≤200mm)

7. SCALE/CORROSION INHIBITOR PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level not low(>300mm)

Protections stop conditions:


i) Selected tank level very low(≤200mm)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 105 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

CONDENSATE POLISHING UNIT


1. ACID DOSING PUMP
Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Tank level high(≥0.2mtr)
iii) Both valves open
iv) Either of DM water transfer pump “on”
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level low(≤0.1mtr)
ii) Running DM water transfer pump goes “off”
2. ACID UNLOADING PUMP
Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level not high(<3.75mtr)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Selected tank level very high (≥3.75mtr)
3. CPU BLOWER
Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected cpu valve open
4. REGENERATION BLOWER
Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
5. CAUSTIC MEASURING TANK AGITATOR
Start permissives:
i) MCChealthy
ii) Tank level not low(≥0.5mtr)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level very low(≤0.3mtr)
6. CAUSTIC TRANSFER PUMP
Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level not low(≥0.2mtr)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Selected tank level low(≤0.1mtr)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 106 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

7. CAUSTIC UNLOADING PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level low(<3mtr)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Selected tank level high(≥3mtr)

8. CAUSTIC PREPARATION TANK AGITATOR


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Tank level not low(≥0.5mtr)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level very low(≤0.3mtr)

9. CAUSTIC DOSING PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Tank level high(≥0.3mtr)
iii) Both valves open
iv) Either of DM water transfer pump “on”

Protections stop conditions:


i) Tank level low(≤0.1mtr)
ii) Running DM water transfer pump goes “off”

10. DM WATWR TRANSFER PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Selected tank level not low(≥0.5mtr)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Selected tank level low(≤0.15mtr)

11. EFFLUENT DOSING PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy

12. LIME DOSING TANK AGITATOR


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Tank level switch not low(≥0.3mtr)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level switch low(≤0.15mtr)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 107 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

MAKE UP WATER PUMP HOUSE


1. MAKEUP WATER PUMP
Start permissives:
i) Common header pressure not high(<6Ksc)
ii) Sump level not low(≥5.85 mtr)
iii) Lub water flow not low
iv) No switchgear disturbance
v) EPB not pressed
vi) Breaker in service
vii) Lub water pressure not low(≥4 Ksc)
viii) Lub water temperature not high (37C)
ix) Pump discharge valve closed
x) Flow circuit o.k
xi) Electrical protection not operated

Protections stop conditions:


i) Lub water temperature high(60C)
ii) Pump ‘on’ and discharge valve fail to open within 180 sec
iii) Pump “on” and discharge remain closed for 15sec
iv) Lub water flow low
v) Common header pressure high(≥7 Ksc)
vi) Sump level very low(≤4.95)
o
vii) Motor winding temperature (R, Y, B) very high(120 C)
o
viii) Motor bearing (DE/NDE)temperature very high(90 C)
o
ix) Pump thrust bearing temperature very high(90 C)
x) Pump bearing vibration very high( 150 micron)
xi) EPB operated

2. LUB WATER PUMP

Start permissives:
i) Over head water tank level not low(> 25 %)
ii) No mcc disturbance
iii) Over load trip not present

Protections stop conditions:


i) Over head tank level very low(< 25 %)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 108 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

3. SCREEN WASH PUMP


Start permissives:
i) Differential level across any screen high (>80%) or timer mode “on”
ii) No MCC disturbance
iii) Over load trip not present

Protections stop conditions:


i) Timer mode “off”
ii) Differential level value across any screen low(<10%)

4.TWS DRIVE
Start permissives:
i) No MCC disturbance
ii) Over load trip not present

Protections stop conditions:


i) Timer mode “off”
ii) Differential level value across any screen low(<10%)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 109 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

WATER PRE-TREATMENT PLANT


1. CW MAKE UP PUMP
Start permissives:
i) Tank level not low(≥2500 MM)
ii) Main header discharge pressure not high( ≤1.5 Ksc)
iii) Discharge valve closed
iv) No MCC disturbance
v) Suction valve open
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level very low(≤ 1500 MM) with time delay of 50 sec
ii) Main discharge header pressure very High (≥1.7 Ksc)
iii) Discharge valve fail to open with time delay of 6 0 sec
iv) MCC disturbance

2. HVAC PUMP
Start permissives:
i) Tank level not low(≥2500 MM)
ii) Main header discharge pressure not high (≤ 8.5 Ksc)
iii) Discharge valve closed
iv) No MCC disturbance
v) Suction valve open
Protections stop conditions:
Tank level very low(≤ 1500 MM)
i) Main discharge header pressure very High ( ≥ 9 Ksc)
ii) Discharge valve fail to open
iii) MCC disturbance

3. ALUM DOSING PUMP-PT CW


Start permissives:
i) Tank level not low (≥700mm)
ii) Main header discharge pressure not high (≤ 4 Ksc)
iii) Discharge valve closed
iv) No MCC disturbance
v) Suction valve open
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level low low (≤500mm)
ii) Main discharge header pressure High High ( ≥ 4.5 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve fail to open
iv) MCC disturbance

4. ALUM DOSING PUMP-POT & DM


Start permissives:
i) Tank level not low (≥700mm)
ii) Main header discharge pressure not high (≤ 1.5 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve closed
iv) No MCC disturbance
v) Suction valve open

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 110 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

Protections stop conditions:


i) Tank level low low (≤500mm)
ii) Main discharge header pressure High High ( ≥ 1.75 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve fail to open
iv) MCC disturbance
5. LIME DOSING PUMP
Start permissives:
i) Tank level not low (≥700mm)
ii) Main header discharge pressure not high (≤5 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve closed
iv) No MCC disturbance
v) Suction valve open
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level low low (≤500mm)
ii) Main discharge header pressure High High ( ≥ 5.5 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve fail to open
iv) MCC disturbance
6. LIME SLAKING PUMP
Start permissives:
i) Tank level not low (≥700mm)
ii) Main header discharge pressure not high (≤0.68 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve closed
iv) No MCC disturbance
v) Suction valve open
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level low low (≤500mm)
ii) Main discharge header pressure High High ( ≥ 0.72 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve fail to open
iv) MCC disturbance
7. POTABLE FILTER WATER PUMP
Start permissives:
i) Tank level not low (≥1500mm)
ii) Main header discharge pressure not high (≤10 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve closed
iv) No MCC disturbance
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level low low (≤1000mm)
ii) Main discharge header pressure High High ( ≥ 10.5 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve fail to open
iv) MCC disturbance

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 111 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

8. SLUDGE PUMP
Start permissives:
i) Tank level not low (≥600mm)
ii) Main header discharge pressure not high (≤3.5 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve closed
iv) No MCC disturbance
v) Suction valve open
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level low low (≤500mm)
ii) Main discharge header pressure High High ( ≥ 3.75 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve fail to open
iv) MCC disturbance
9. FILTER BACKWASH PUMP
Start permissives:
i) Tank level not low (≥1000mm)
ii) Main header discharge pressure not high (≤0.8 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve closed
iv) No MCC disturbance
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level low low (≤800mm)
ii) Main discharge header pressure High High ( ≥ 1.8 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve fail to open
iv) MCC disturbance
10. ALUM AGITATOR
Start permissives:
i) Tank level not low( ≥700 MM )
ii) No MCC disturbance
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level low low(≤ 500 MM)
ii) MCC disturbance
11. LIME AGITATOR
Start permissives:
i) Tank level not low (≥700 MM )
ii) No MCC disturbance
Protections stop conditions:
i) Tank level low low(≤500 MM)
ii) MCC disturbance

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 112 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

PRE-TREATMENT CHLORINATION
1. BOOSTER PUMP
Start permissives:
i) O/H tank level not low (≥1300 MM)
ii) Suction pressure not low (≤ 4.0 KSC)
iii) Discharge valve closed
iv) No MCC disturbance
v) Suction valve open
Protections stop conditions:
Over head Tank level very low (≤ 1000 MM) with time delay of 30sec
i) Discharge pressure very high (≥5.8KSC)
ii) Discharge valve fail to open
iii) MCC disturbance
iv) Suction pressure low low <2.0 KSC

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 113 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

RAW WATER PUMP HOUSE


1. ASH WATER PUMP
Start permissives:
i) Over load trip not acted
ii) No Switchgear disturbance
iii) EPB not pressed
iv) Pump discharge valve closed
v) Sump level not low((≥3500mm)
vi) Lube water flow adequate(>40LPM)
vii) Discharge pressure not high(≤3KSC)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Sump level low low(≤ 3000mm)
ii) Discharge header pressure very high(≥ 3.56Ksc)
iii) Lube water flow low(<40LPM)
iv) Discharge valve fail to open within 60 sec

2. RAW WATER PUMP


Start permissives:
i) Over load trip not acted
ii) No Switchgear disturbance
iii) EPB not pressed
iv) Pump discharge valve closed
v) Sump level not low((≥3500mm)
vi) Lube water flow adequate(>40LPM)
vii) Discharge pressure not high(≤2KSC)
viii) Winding temperature(R,Y,B phases) normal(<90ºC)
ix) Motor DE/NDE temperature) normal(<80ºC)
x) HT Breaker in service
Protections stop conditions:
i) Sump level low low(≤ 3000mm)
ii) Discharge header pressure very high(≥2.75Ksc)
iii) Lube water flow low(<40LPM)
iv) Discharge valve fail to open within 60 sec
v) Motor DE/NDE temperature) very high(≥90ºC)
vi) Winding temperature(R,Y,B phases) very high (<110ºC)
vii) Both lube water pumps stopped
3. LUB WATER PUMP FOR RAW WATER PUMPS
Start permissives:
i) Suction valve open
ii) No MCC disturbance
iii) O/H Tank level not low(≥0.6 mtr)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Suction valve fail open
ii) O/H Tank level very low(≤0.3 mtr)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 114 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

COAL HANDLING PLANT


1. HT BELT CONVEYOR
Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Cooling water flow Normal( 100 lpm)
iii) Motor winding temp. not high( <95º)
iv) Motor bearing temp. not high (<95ºc)
v) Pull cord switch not operated
vi) Belt sway switch not operated
vii) Scoop coupling oil temp not high( <105ºc)
viii) Scoop out limit switch Operated
ix) Scoop oil dp not high(<1.3 bar)
x) Scoop oil pressure adequate(≥ 1.3 ksc)
xi) Thruster brake released
xii) Chute block switch not operated
xiii) Flap Gates opened
xiv) Gear box lub oil pressure not low(switch)
xv) Scoop IN limit switch not operated
xvi) Scoop Out limit switch operated
xvii) Preceding conveyor running feedback
xviii) AOP “ON”
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB operated
ii) Belt speed switch unhealthy ( <3.2 mtr/sec)
iii) Forward torque limit switch operated
iv) Reverse torque limit switch operated
v) Pull cord switch operated
vi) Belt sway switch operated
vii) Motor winding temp(r-y-b-ph) very high( ≥95ºc)
viii) Motor bearing temp(DE&NDE) very high( ≥95ºc)
ix) Scoop coupling oil DP high >1.3 bar
x) Scoop oil pressure low(<0.8 bar)
xi) Chute block switch operated
xii) Metal detector switch operated
xiii) Gear box lub oil pressure low(switch)
xiv) Following conveyor tripped
xv) AOP Tripped
xvi) Both scoop limit switches operated
xvii) Scoop Oil temperature high( ≥105ºc)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 115 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

2. LT BELT CONVEYOR
Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Pull cord switch not operated
iii) Belt sway switch not operated
iv) Thruster brake released
v) Chute block switch not operated
vi) Motor protection circuit breaker (MPCB) healthy
vii) Flap gates opened
viii) Preceding conveyor running feedback
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB operated
ii) Belt speed switch unhealthy( <3.2 mtr/sec)
iii) Pull cord switch operated
iv) Belt sway switch operated
v) Motor protection circuit breaker (MPCB) unhealthy
vi) Following conveyor tripped

3. CRUSHER
Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Cooling water flow Normal( 150 lpm)
iii) Motor winding temp not high (<100ºc)
iv) Motor bearing temp not high (<90ºc)
v) Scoop coupling oil temp not high(<100 ºc)
vi) Scoop out limit switch Operated
vii) Forward torque limit switch not operated
viii) Reverse torque limit switch not operated
ix) Scoop oil DP not high (<0.8 ksc)
x) AOP “ON”
xi) Scoop oil scanner temperature not high(<100ºc)
xii) Crusher bearing(DE/NDE) temp not high (<95ºc)
xiii) VGF running feedback
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB pressed
ii) Cooling water flow low( <150 lpm)
iii) Motor winding temp very high (≥100ºc)
iv) Motor bearing temp very high (≥90ºc)
v) Scoop coupling oil temp very high(≥110ºc)
vi) Both scoop limit switches operated
vii) Forward torque limit switch operated
viii) Reverse torque limit switch operated
ix) Scoop oil DP not high (>0.8 ksc)
x) Scoop oil scanner temperature high(≥ 100ºc)
xi) Crusher bearing(DE/NDE) temp very high (≥95ºc)
xii) Belt feeders tripped
xiii) Crusher vibration very high(≥40mm/sec)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 116 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

4. COOLING WATER SYATEMS


Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Discharge water pressure not high
iii) Tank Level not low
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB pressed
ii) Water discharge pressure high
iii) Tank level low

5. DUST SUPPRESSION SYSTEM


Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Discharge water pressure not high
iii) Tank Level not low
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB pressed
ii) Water discharge pressure high
iii) Tank level low

6. DUST EXTRACTION SYSTEM


Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Discharge water pressure not high
iii) Tank Level not low
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB pressed
ii) Water discharge pressure High
iii) Tank level low

7. SERVICE WATER SYSTEMS


Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Discharge water pressure not high
iii) Tank Level not low
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB pressed
ii) Water discharge pressure high
iii) Tank level low

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 117 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

8. DRINKING WATER SYSTEM


Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Discharge water pressure not high
iii) Tank Level not low
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB pressed
ii) Water discharge pressure high
iii) Tank level low

STACKER RECLAIMER
1. BOOM CONVEYOR(FORWARD)
Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Pull cord switch not operated
iii) Belt sway switch not operated
iv) Chute block switch not operated
v) Bucket wheel Chute Stacking Position
vi) Skirt Board switch Stacking Position
vii) Thruster brake released
viii) Level sensing probe Stacking position
ix) LT ACB ON
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB pressed
ii) Pull cord switch operated
iii) Belt sway switch operated
iv) Chute block switch operated
v) Zero speed switch unhealthy

2. BOOM CONVEYOR(REVERSE)
Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Pull cord switch not operated
iii) Belt sway switch not operated
iv) Chute block switch not operated
v) Bucket wheel Chute reclaiming position
vi) Skirt Board switch reclaiming Position
vii) Thruster brake released
viii) Level sensing probe Reclaiming position
ix) LT ACB ‘ON’
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB pressed
ii) Pull cord switch operated
iii) Belt sway switch operated
iv) Chute block switch operated
v) Zero speed switch unhealthy

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 118 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

3. BOOM HYDRAULIC PUMP


Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Oil level not low
iii) Oil temperature not high
iv) Storm anchored Not Operated
v) Oil pressure at Head end/Tail end not high
vi) LT ACB ON
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB pressed
ii) Oil level low
iii) Oil temperature high
iv) Oil pressure at Head end/Tail end high

4. AUXILLARY HYDRAULIC SYSTEM


Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Oil level Not low
iii) Oil temperature Not high
iv) LT ACB ‘ON’
Protections stop conditions:
iii) EPB pressed
iv) Oil level low
v) Oil temperature Very high
vi) Storm anchored Operated
vii) Oil Filter clogged

5. SLEW LUBRICATION PUMP


Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Grease level not low
iii) Pump outlet pressure Not high
iv) LT ACB ‘ON’
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB pressed
ii) Grease level low
iii) Pump outlet pressure high

6. TRAVEL LUBRICATION PUMP


Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Grease level not low
iii) Pump outlet pressure Not high
iv) LT ACB ‘ON’
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB pressed
ii) Grease level low
iii) Pump outlet pressure high

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 119 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

7. RAIL CLAMP
Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) Oil level Not low
iii) Wind velocity not High <60kmph
iv) Oil temperature not high
v) LT ACB ‘ON’
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB pressed
ii) Oil level low
iii) Wind velocity not High ≥60kmph
iv) Oil temperature High
v) Filter Clogged

8. TRAVEL DRIVE
Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) LT ACB ‘ON’
iii) Travel lubrication pump ‘ON’
iv) Wind velocity Not high(<60kmph)
v) Rail clamp released
vi) Storm anchored Not operated
vii) Travel(forward/reverse ) end limit switch Not operated
viii) Travel(forward/reverse ) backup end limit switch Not operated
ix) PCRD/CCRD healthy
x) Profibus to VVVFD drive Healthy
xi) Thruster brake Released
Protections stop conditions:
i) EPB pressed
ii) LT ACB tripped
iii) Travel lubrication Tripped
iv) Wind velocity High(≥60kmph)
v) Travel(forward/reverse ) end limit switch operated
vi) Travel(forward/reverse ) backup end limit switch not operated
vii) Profibus to VVVFD drive Stopped
viii) PCRD/CCRD Unhealthy

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 120 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

9. SLEW DRIVE
Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) LT ACB ‘ON’
iii) Slew lubrication pump ‘ON’
iv) Storm anchored Not operated
v) Profibus to VVVFD drive Healthy
vi) Slew(right/left) end limit switch not operated
vii) Slew(right/left) backup end limit switch not operated
viii) Boom in collision with yard conveyor not operated
ix) Boom hoist collision Operational/backup not operated
x) Thruster brake released
xi) Wind velocity not high
Protections stop conditions:

i) LT ACB tripped
ii) Slew lubrication Tripped
iii) Wind velocity High(≥60kmph)
iv) Slew(right/left) end limit switch operated
v) Slew(right/left) backup end limit switch Operated
vi) Profibus to VVVFD drive stopped
vii) Boom in collision with yard conveyor not operated
viii) Boom hoist collision operational/backup not operated
ix) Slew right end limit switch(operational/backup) operated
x) EPB pressed

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 121 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

10. BOOM LUFFING


Start permissives:
i) EPB released
ii) LT ACB ‘ON’
iii) Boom hydraulic system ‘ON’
iv) Boom slewed with yard conveyor(operational/backup) not operated
v) Boom Hoist collision with yard conveyor not operated
vi) Boom lower/upper limit(stacking) not operated
vii) Boom Lower/upper position(operational/backup) not operated

Protections stop conditions:


i) EPB pressed
ii) LT ACB tripped
iii) Boom hydraulic system tripped
iv) Boom lower position(operational/backup) operated
v) Boom upper position(operational/backup) operated
vi) Boom hoist collision with yard conveyor Operated

11. BUCKET WHEEL(Reclaiming)


Start permissives:

i) LT ACB ‘ON’
ii) Discharge chute block Not operated
iii) Boom conveyor running reverse feedback
iv) Level sensing probe reclaiming position
v) Bucket wheel chute reclaiming position
vi) Yard conveyor ‘ON’
vii) Thruster brake released
viii) Skirt board reclaiming position
ix) EPB released

Protections stop conditions:


i) EPB pressed
ii) LT ACB tripped
iii) Discharge chute block operated
iv) Boom conveyor stopped
v) Yard conveyor stopped

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 122 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

COOLING TOWER
1. COOLING TOWER FAN

Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Gear box Oil level not low(≥283mm)
iii) Gear box oil temperature not high(<90ºc)
iv) EPB not pressed

Protections stop conditions:


i) EPB pressed
ii) Motor overload operated
iii) Gear box oil temperature not high
iv) Gear box Oil level low(<283mm)
v) Fan motor vibration(X,Y) very high(≥12mm/sec with 6 sec delay)
vi) Running feed back not available after 5 sec of start command

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 123 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

FIRE WATER SYSTEM


The control & monitoring of the Fire water system through SIEMENS PLC
system in the Fire Water P/H.

1. JOCKEY PUMP
Start permissives:
i) No MCC disturbance
Auto Start conditions:
i) Pump selected in auto & working mode & Hydrant/Spray Header
Pressure ≤ 8 Ksc & no Hydrant/Spray/Booster pump running
ii) Pump selected in auto , standby mode & other Pump fails to start
Auto Stop conditions:
i) Header pressure of Hydrant & Spray ≥ 10 Ksc & any
spray/hydrant/booster pump running
ii). Pressure before NRV ≤ 3.5 Ksc after 15 seconds of start command.

2.SPRAY MOTOR PUMP


Start permissives:
i) No MCC disturbance
Auto Start conditions:
i). Pump selected in auto & Discharge Pressure after NRV ≤ 6.5 Ksc
(≤6Ksc for pump-2)
Auto Stop conditions:
i). Other pump fail to start

3. SPRAY DIISEL PUMP


Start permissives:
i) Control supply ok
Auto Start conditions:
i) Pump selected in auto & remote & discharge pressure after NRV ≤ 5.5
Ksc for 10 seconds(≤ 5Ksc for pump-2) & local stop switch not pressed

Auto Stop conditions:


i).Pressure before NRV ≤ 3.5 Ksc after 10 seconds of start command.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 124 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

4. HYDRANT MOTOR PUMP


Start permissives:
i) No MCC disturbance
Auto Start conditions:
i). Discharge Pressure after NRV ≤ 6.0 Ksc(≤5.5Ksc for pump-2) & no
MCC disturbance
Auto Stop conditions:
i). Pressure before NRV ≤ 3.5 Ksc after 10 seconds of start command.

5. HYDRANT DIESEL PUMP


Start permissives:
i) Control supply healthy
Auto Start conditions:
i) Pump selected in auto & remote & discharge pressure after NRV ≤ 4.5
Ksc(≤5 Ksc for pump-1) for 10 seconds & local stop switch not
pressed
Auto Stop conditions:
i) Pressure before NRV ≤ 3.5 kg after 10 seconds of start command.

6. BOOSTER MOTOR PUMP


Start permissives:
i) No MCC disturbance
Auto Start conditions:
i) Pump selected in auto , Discharge Pressure before NRV≤ 8.5 kg &
after NRV ≤9.0 kg for 10 seconds
3
ii) Pump selected in auto & discharge flow ≥ 27 m /hr
Auto Stop conditions:
i). Pressure before NRV ≤12 kg after 15 seconds of start command.

7. BOOSTER DIESEL PUMP


Start permissives:
i) Control supply healthy
Auto Start conditions:
i) Pump selected in remote & working mode & {(Discharge Pressure
before NRV≤ 8.5 kg & after NRV ≤ 9.0 kg for 10 seconds) OR discharge
3
flow ≥ 27 m /hr} for 10 seconds.
ii) Pump selected in remote , standby mode &booster motor pump fails to
start
Auto Stop conditions:
i).Pressure before NRV ≤ 12 kg after 15 seconds of start command.

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 125 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

8. FOAM MOTOR PUMP


Start permissives:
i) No MCC disturbance

Auto Start conditions:


i) Command from fire alarm panel if any fire detected in HFO/LDO
Tanks

Auto Stop conditions:


i). Pressure before NRV ≤ 4.0 kg after 15 seconds of start command.

9 FOAM DIESEL PUMP


Start permissives:
i) Control supply healthy
Auto Start conditions:
i) Pump selected in auto, working mode & fire alarm signal from fire
alarm panel
ii). Pump selected in auto ,standby mode & foam motor pump fails to start

Auto Stop conditions:


i) Pressure before NRV ≤ 4.0 kg after 15 seconds of start command.

10 FIRE WATER TANK MAKEUP VALVE

Auto open condition:


i) Tank level low(≤4 mtrs)
Auto close condition:
i) Tank level high(≥12.5 mtrs)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 126 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

HYDROGEN PLANT
1. COMPRESSOR
Start permissives:
i) Coolant flow not low
ii) Suction pressure not low(>15PSI)
iii) First stage leak not present(<15PSI)
iv) Second stage leak not present(<15PSI)
v) Hydrogen leakage not present(50% LEL)
vi) Discharge pressure not high(<2500PSI)
vii) Compressor overload not present
viii) Pressure reached low pressure set point(< 1800 PSI)
ix) Pressure not reached high pressure set point(<2200PSI)

Protections stop conditions:


i) Coolant flow not low
ii) Suction pressure low(<15PSI)
iii) First stage leak present(>15PSI)
iv) Second stage leak present(>15PSI)
v) Hydrogen leakage not present(50% LEL)
vi) Discharge pressure very high(>2500PSI)
vii) Compressor overload operated
viii) Pressure reached high pressure set point(>2200PSI)
ix) Oil pressure low(<5PSI)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 127 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

2. GENERATOR (H2 Plant)


Start permissives:

i) KOH level not Low(LS1)


ii) KOH level not High(LS2)
iii) KOH temp not High < 85 deg C
iv) KOH flow not low < 10 LPM
v) Feed water quality not Bad >200 k /cm
vi) H2 press not high <120 psi
vii) O2 press not high < 115 psi
viii) Delta press low(H2-O2 DP)
ix) Pre-pressurization low
x) H2 in O2 not high < 200 deg C
xi) Power supply alarm not present
xii) External Alarm not present
xiii) Ambient temp not High(TC4) < 50 deg C
xiv) Ambient temp not low(TC5) < 5 deg C
xv) Dryer cycle not in alarm
xvi) Dryer purge not alarm
xvii) No Hydrogen leakage (50% LEL)

Protections stop conditions:


i) KOH level Low(LS1)
ii) KOH level High(LS2)
iii) KOH temp High
iv) KOH flow low
v) Feed water quality Bad
vi) H2 press high >120 psi
vii) H2 press low < 50 psi
viii) O2 pressure high >115 psi
ix) O2 pressure low < 39 psi
x) Delta press high(H2-O2 DP)
xi) Pre-pressurization not low
xii) H2 in O2 high >200 deg C
xiii) Power supply alarm present
xiv) External Alarm present
xv) Ambient temp High(TC4) > 50 deg C
xvi) Ambient temp low(TC5) < 5 deg C
xvii) Dryer cycle alarm present
xviii) Dryer purge alarm present
xix) Hydrogen leakage (50% LEL)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 128 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

ASH HANDLING SYSTEM


1. ASH SLURRY PUMP
Start permissives:
i) LP seal water header pressure not low(≥4.5ksc)
ii) Sump level adequate(≥2.5mtr)
iii) Start permissives for fluid coupling motor available
iv) Seal water pressure adequate(≥2.5ksc)
v) Suction valve opened or flushing water pump running
vi) Discharge valve closed
vii) EPB not pressed
viii) No overload operated
ix) Electrical protection not operated
x) Breaker DC supply healthy
xi) Breaker trip circuit healthy
xii) Breaker in service
Protections stop conditions:
i) LP seal water header pressure low(<4.5ksc)
ii) Sump level very low(≤1mtr)
iii) Start permissive for fluid coupling motor not available
iv) Seal water pressure low(<2.5ksc)
v) Suction valve not opened or flushing water pump not running
vi) Discharge valve not opened
vii) EPB pressed
viii) Overload operated
ix) Electrical protection operated
x) Breaker DC supply not healthy
xi) Breaker trip circuit not healthy
xii) Breaker not in service

2. BAHP WATER PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Water sump level adequate(≥2.5mtr)
iii) No over load operated
iv) No EPB pressed
Protections stop conditions:
i) Water sump level low (<1.5mtr)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 129 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

3. BALP WATER PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Water sump level adequate(≥2.5mtr)
iii) No over load operated
iv) No EPB pressed
Protections stop conditions:
i) Water sump level low(<1.5mtr)

4. FAHP WATER PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Water sump level adequate(≥2.5mtr)
iii) No over load operated
iv) No EPB pressed
Protections stop conditions:
i) Water sump level low(<1.5mtr)
5. FLUSHING WATER PUMP
Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Water sump level adequate(≥2.5mtr)
iii) Start com. initiated
Protections stop conditions:
i) Water sump level low(<1.5mtr)
6. SEAL WATER PUMP
Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Any one suction valve of slurry series opened
iii) No over load operated
iv) No EPB pressed
v) Suction pressure adequate(≥0.1ksc)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Suction pressure not adequate(<0.1ksc)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 130 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

7. VACUUM PUMP
Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Seal water pressure adequate(>1.5ksc)
iii) No over load operated
iv) No EPB pressed
v) Seal water flow adequate(>400m3/hr)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Seal water flow not adequate(<400m3/hr)
ii) Seal water pressure not adequate(<1.5ksc)
iii) Any FAHP pump not running

8. INSTRUMENT AIR COMPRESSOR


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Lub oil pressure adequate(>2.75ksc)
iii) No over load operated
iv) No EPB pressed
v) Cooling water pressure adequate(>1.5ksc)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Lub oil pressure not adequate(<2.75ksc)
ii) Cooling water pressure not adequate(<1.5ksc)

9. BOTTOM ASH HOPPER GATE


Start permissives:
i) Local panel switch in open position
ii) Hydro ejector water valve open
iii) Clinker Grinder forward running feedback
iv) BAHP pressure adequate(>3.5ksc)
v) Clinker Grinder seal water pressure adequate(>1.5ksc)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Local panel switch not in open position
ii) Hydro ejector water valve not open
iii) Clinker Grinder forward not running feedback
iv) BAHP pressure not adequate(<3.5ksc)
v) Clinker Grinder seal water pressure not adequate(<1.5ksc)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 131 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

FUEL OIL UNLOADING PUMP HOUSE


1. DIRTY OIL PUMP
Start permissives:
i) .MCC healthy

Protections stop conditions:


i) Waste oil recovery oil sump level low(<25%)

2. DRAIN OIL PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) No Fuel Oil tank level high(<10mtr)
Protections stop conditions:
i) Fuel Oil tank level high(>10mtr)
ii) Drain oil tank level low(<0.3mtr)

3. FUEL OIL UNLOADING PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Either of FO tank selected
iii) Selected FO tank inlet valve opened
iv) Un Selected FO tank inlet valve closed
v) Un Selected FO tank outlet valve closed
vi) FO tank level low(<10mtr)
vii) Selected Strainer DP of A or B not high

Protections stop conditions:


i) Selected Fuel Oil tank level high(>10mtr)
ii) Selected Strainer DP of A or B high
iii) Selected FO tank inlet valve not opened

4. LDO TRANSFER PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Any LDO tank level adequate(>4mtr)

Protections stop conditions:


i) Day oil tank level high(>4.1mtr)
ii) Either of LDO tank level low(<0.5mtr)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 132 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

5. LDO UNLOADING PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy
ii) Either of LDO tank selected
iii) Selected LDO tank inlet valve opened
iv) Un Selected LDO tank inlet valve closed
v) Selected LDO tank outlet valve closed
vi) LDO tank level low(<7mtr)
vii) Selected Strainer DP of A or B not high

Protections stop conditions:


i) Selected LDO tank level high(>10mtr)
ii) Selected Strainer DP of A or B high
iii) Selected LDO tank inlet valve not opened

6. OSW SUMP PUMP


Start permissives:
i) MCC healthy

Protections stop conditions:


i) Waste water disposal oil water sump level low(<20%)

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 133 -


PROTECTIONS AND INTERLOCKS DIARY

ASH WATER RECIRCULATION SYSTEM

1. AWRS PUMP

Start permissives:
i) No. switchgear disturbance
ii) Either of Sump level not low(≥2mtrs)
iii) Discharge pressure not high
iv) Bearing temperature normal(<80ºc)
v) Winding temperatures(R, Y, B) normal(<90ºc)
vi) Overload trip not operated
vii) Breaker in remote service
viii) EPB released
ix) Discharge valve closed
x) Suction valve closed

Protections stop conditions:


i) Either of Sump level very low(<2mtrs)
ii) Discharge pressure very high(≥6.5ksc)
iii) Bearing temperature very high(≥90ºc)
iv) Winding temperatures(R,Y,B) very high (≥110ºc)
v) Overload trip operated
vi) EPB pressed
vii) Discharge valve fail to open within 60sec

SIPAT STAGE – II 2 X 500 MW - 134 -