Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang Hak Cipta Buku ini dibeli oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional dari Penerbit Setia Purna Invest Developing English Competencies for Grade X Senior High School (SMA/MA) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photo Book Size
420.07 DOD d

: Achmad Doddy Ahmad Sugeng Effendi : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm

DODDY, Achmad Developing english competencies 1: for Senior High School (SMA/MA) grade X/Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng, Effendi; editor Team of Setia Purna Inves. – Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 184 hlm.:ilus.: 25 Cm. Bibliografi: hlm. 162-162 Indeks ISBN 979-462-973-1 1. Bahasa Inggris- Studi dan Pengajaran II. Sugeng, Ahmad III. Effendi I. Judul

Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008 Diperbanyak oleh ...

dicetak. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. pada tahun 2008. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. Oleh karena itu. dalam hal ini. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. dialihmediakan. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Kami berharap. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. Jakarta. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. dapat diunduh (down load). Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. digandakan. Pemerintah. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Namun.

cultural knowledge.Preface Developing English Competencies for Grade X is designed to facilitate you. especially the editors and team. Last but not least. acting out dialogues. You are expected to be skillful in doing the exercises. We would like to thank PT Setia Purna Inves. July 2008 Writers iv . Bandung. collaboration. These activities explore your creativity. to communicate in English according to the context of the language use. problem solving. students of senior high school (SMA/MA). reflection and language use. Hopefully. there are many activities available for you to do individually or with other students. constructing sentences or texts and the other activities that facilitate you to be skillful in using English in communication. English learning in Developing English Competencies for Grade X is based on literacy based approach so you can get many learning experiences by considering the aspects of interpretation. convention. support and encouragement. for facilitating us to publish our work. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. this book will help you learn English in a communicative way. Developing English Competencies for Grade X enables you to access information of various fields of science to prepare you to go to university. In Developing English Competencies for Grade X.

Listening. 18.com gives some information from the Internet and encouraging you to know more. 13.An Overview of This Book Developing English Competencies for Grade X comprises 6 chapters and 2 reviews. New Horizon features extra information related to the theme. 11. Chapter Photo represents the theme of the chapter. 3. Speaking. 9. Pronunciation Practice provides list of words to be pronounced and practiced several times until you can pronounce them correctly. Genre Structure shows you the generic structure of related genre. Title introduces the theme of the chapter. v . Text presents a genre related to the theme of the chapter. 12. Index provides a list of subject and names (authors) in alphabetical order. UN Shot provides some exercises taken from Ujian Nasional materials. Dialogue presents natural language set in authentic situations you can relate to. Grammar Review focuses on a grammar structure in texts of a certain genre. 7. 4. Glossary provides a list of terms and words from the learning materials in alphabetical order. 17. 6. In This Chapter gives a concise summary of the language functions and themes that will be learned in the chapter. Learning Reflection presents what you have learned and what you are expected to be able to.e. 2. Chapter Summary summarises the material learned in each chapter. 14. Reading and Writing. What to Say provides a number of expressions that you can use in certain situations. 10. Englishclub. Review provides a number of exercises from the previous chapters. 16. 5. Your Project encourages you to perform a project to enhance your lifeskill. 8. Each chapter consists four language skills. Below are the characteristics featured in Developing English Competencies for Grade X 1. i. 15.

Contents Kata Sambutan ______________________________________________________ iii Preface _____________________________________________________________ iv An Overview of This Book ___________________________________________ v Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You ___________________________________________________ Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of greeting introducing. and parting _________________________ Responding to recount texts ________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of greeting and parting ____________________________________________ Introducing oneself and others ______________________________________________________ Performing a monologue of a recount text ____________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a recount text _____________________________________________ Reading and understanding recount texts _____________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing diary _____________________________________________________________________ Writing recount texts ______________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 1 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 16 18 18 22 24 24 Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That ________________________________________________ 25 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of happiness _____________________________________________ Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________ Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of happiness _____________________________________________________ Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________________ Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Developing a paragraph of narrative texts ____________________________________________ Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 37 40 42 46 47 49 50 50 vi .

accepting and declining an invitation ______________ Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________ Responding to instructions _________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of making.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come?_____________________________________________ 51 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation _____________________ Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________________ Performing a monologue of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading procedure texts ___________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing short instructions __________________________________________________________ Writing procedure texts ____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 52 53 54 56 58 59 60 63 65 66 68 71 72 73 74 74 Review 1 ____________________________________________________________ 75 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well _________________________________ 79 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ 80 Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting ________________________ 81 Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ 83 Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ 85 Congratulating and complimenting __________________________________________________ 86 Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ 89 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 91 Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ 92 Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ 93 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures ________________________ 99 Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ 100 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 102 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 102 Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You _____________________________________________ 103 Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 104 Responding to expressions of gratitude _______________________________________________ 104 Responding to invitation ___________________________________________________________ 105 vii .

Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text ______________________________________ 106 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 107 Expressing gratitude ______________________________________________________________ 108 Performing a monologue of a descriptive text _________________________________________ 110 Reading ____________________________________________________________________________ 115 Identifying the structure and information in a descriptive text ___________________________ 116 Reading descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 119 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 122 Writing short descriptions and announcement ________________________________________ 125 Writing descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 126 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 128 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 128

Chapter 6
Headline News ______________________________________________________ 129
Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 130 Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement _________________________________ 131 Responding to news item texts ______________________________________________________ 132 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 134 Expressing surprise and amazement _________________________________________________ 135 Performing a monologue of news item texts ___________________________________________ 137 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 140 Identifying meanings and information in news item texts ______________________________ 141 Reading news item texts ___________________________________________________________ 142 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 148 Developing paragraph of news item texts _____________________________________________ 150 Writing news item texts ____________________________________________________________ 151 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 152 Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 152

Review 2 ____________________________________________________________ 153 Bibliography ________________________________________________________ 161 Photo Credits ________________________________________________________ 163 Glossary ____________________________________________________________ 164 Index _______________________________________________________________ 168 Tapescripts _________________________________________________________ 169 Answer Key _________________________________________________________ 178

Source: Publisher's Documentation

viii

Chapter

1
Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n

It's Nice to See You
In This Chapter
Listening:
• • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Responding to recount texts Using expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Performing a monologue of recount texts Identifying meanings and information of a recount text Reading recount texts Writing a recount text Writing short diaries

Speaking:

Reading:

Writing:

1

Listening
In this section, you will learn how to:
• • respond to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting; respond to recount texts.

Activity 1

Look at the picture and answer the following questions.

Source: Publisher's Documentation

1. What are they doing? 2. Do you think they know each other? 3. What do you say when you meet someone you didn't know before? 4. Do you ask her/his name? 5. How do you introduce yourself? 6. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to?

Activity 2

Listen to the tape. Then repeat the following words and expressions.
No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning How are you My name is How do you do Nice to meet you See you later

2

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

I'm your neighbour. Then. introducing and parting expressions. 5.3 . dinners and other social situations. a. I'm Deni. 9 10 Rian : . Rudi. Anyway. My name is Risa. By the way. Bye. Cut Nia. Dian : 7 . Mari Memasak Sendiri. 8 . Dian : Really? Good. Rian : Yeah. too. I'm Cut Nia. b. a. Good bye. What's your name? The correct response for the expression is . You can find how to make proper introductions at business functions. What's your name? Hi.2 . b. so I have a friend to share with. b. a. 2.com Want to meet new people and improve your social and business graces? You can visit the website in www. b. Desi. a. Cut Nia. She meets Rian. . . ivillage. Today is the first day at school for Dian. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Hello. Englishclub. For example: You will hear: Hello. b.com. We are in the same class. 3.. Pay attention to the responses of greeting. Cut Nia. Nice to meet you. Good morning. The correct response is (b) Hi. they introduce each other. . How are you? I'm just fine. a. Activity 4 Listen to the tape carefully and choose the correct responses to the expressions you heard. right. Glad to meet you. How do you do? Hi. Rian : Oh. Nice to meet you. 4. 4 5 6 Rian : . What's your name? Good morning.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and complete the dialogue. a.. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. Nice to meet you. parties. Nice to meet you. My name is Edo. Dian : 1 . Nice to see you. 1. b. Good morning. Hi.. It's Nice to See You 3 . My name is Edo.

1. 2. Where does the dialogue take place? How many persons are involved in the dialogue? What does the girl do while waiting for her friend? What does Lina say to a girl at first? How does the girl respond to Lina's introduction? How does Fanny introduce Lina to Santi? What does Lina say at the end of the dialogue? Activity 6 Work in pairs and make a dialogue based on the following situations. How did you feel on your holiday? 4 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1. You can add any information related to the questions. 5. Activity 7 Answer these questions. Did you have unforgettable experiences on your holiday? Tell it briefly. 2. 7. you meet your father's friend. 6. When you are going shopping with your father. Where did you go on your last holiday? 2. What did you do on your last holiday? 3. Your brother/sister brings his/her friends to the house. 4. 3. Introduce yourself to him/ her.Activity 5 Listen to another dialogue and answer the following questions while you are listening. hometown and address. You introduce yourself to a new neighbour and ask him/her to come to your house. Ask his/her name. 1. 5. 3. Use the expressions and responses you have learned. 4. You meet a new classmate at school. 4. Introduce yourself to them. You introduce yourself to a new English teacher in the classroom.

I went to Bali. Sir. How are you Good morning How do you do You're welcome It's all right (UAN 2004) Activity 9 It's Nice to See You 5 . c. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach... 8. Mitha a. Johny. Mr. Toni : Hello. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. I see. shorts. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. 2. 10. Mirna : Wow.Activity 8 Listen carefully to the following dialogue and study it. It sounds great. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. Toni. I swam and surfed on the beach. Harry : Good morning Mit. was /wəz/ did /dɪd/ had /həd/ went /went/ left /left/ swam /swæm/ bought /bɔ:t/ surfed /sɜ:fd/ played /pleɪd/ visited /vɪzɪtɪd/ UN Shot Mitha : Good morning. This is Mr. Johny : . 7. 9. and also traditional clothes.. nice to meet you too. Johny? Mr. Listen to these past tense verbs taken from the dialogue and repeat after your teacher.. nice to meet you again after long holiday. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. sit down. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. 3. I also played football and sand with my brother. I had a great vacation there. d. 4. Then practise it with your friend. Mirna : Well. it's nice to hear your story. I bought shirts. d. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. b. Mitha : Oh. Mirna : Hi. 6. Mirna. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. Mirna : Anyway. 5. How do you do Mr. He is one of the judges in the speech contest attended last week. 1.

Fachri actually (speak) it quite well. The next day we (go) across to the east coast (see) some of the old villages. Correct the words in the brackets based on what you heard. but it was fun to try. but my brother Fachri just (spend) all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. Just a note to let you know that we (have) a wonderful holiday in Bali. I (swim) two or three times a day. Event 1: Event 2: 6 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It was much (quiet) there than here–very beautiful. I (hope). the food's great. It was a really great place. Can you (believe) it? Most days were pretty (lazy/lazily). so I was the one who talked to people. Yogyakarta April. and the weather's a lot better (as/ than) at home. See you soon. Love to your parents. I (learn) Balinese–I still can't (say) much. The people are friendly. Last Saturday I (get) on the bus and (go) to the north and of the island. but he was afraid to open his mouth. Aisha Activity 11 Listen to the tape and fill in the following form based on the text you heard.Activity 10 Listen to the tape carefully. 1st 2008 Dear Evi and Andi. but no tourists.

2. Asep : Elvi. 'my wife' or 'my uncle'. Asep : Nice to meet you too. Every province in Indonesia sends their representatives to attend outstanding students gathering in Jakarta. How about you? Sri : I'm fine too. Thank you. Denias : Hi. Denias : Hi. this is Denias. What will you say when you have to introduce yourself to someone you didn't know before? Is it alright if you ask his/her name after introducing yourself? Is it alright to ask his/her age? Activity 2 New Horizon If the person you are introducing has a specific relationship to you. Act them out with your friends'. I'm Denias. 3. Denias : By the way. say greetings and partings. I can spend my whole day for cooking. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. In the case of unmarried couples who are living together. Denias and Asep go to the crowd and they meet a girl. I study at SMAN 19 Bandung. Asep. perform a monologue of recount texts. My name is Ali. let me introduce myself. Asep : Hello. Nice to meet you. Let's go to the crowd. my new friend. Sri : How do you do? Pleased to meet you too. I'm from Papua.Speaking In this section. How are you? Asep : I'm fine. make the relationship clear by adding a phrase such as 'my boss'.com Study the following dialogues. 1. Source: www. Sri : Hi. Dialogue 1 Today is the commemoration of National Education Day.ivillage. It's Nice to See You 7 . what is your hobby? Sri : I like cooking very much. 'companion' and 'partner' are good choices. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. you will learn how to: • • • introduce yourself and others.

.Denias UN Shot Jack : Rita . Please introduce your self to Don (UN 2003/2004) : Wow. We can talk about cooking later. Cipto. Andi : Nice to meet you.. Nice to see you. Andi : How do you do. You must be tired. Don wants to meet you c. Rita : Pleased to meet you. Dialogue 2 Cipto waiting for Andi and Yani. too. Andi : Not at all. It was fine. Cipto. Cipto. Cipto : How do you do. Cipto this is Yani. his new colleague at the airport. It's nice and exciting. Don : Pleased to meet you too. Andi : Excuse me. I'll take you to the Hotel first. let's talk about cooking later.. My hobby is cooking too. Cipto : Pleased to meet you. Denias and Sri : Let's go. Asep : Alright my friends. Read the dialogues once again. Are you Henri? Cipto : Yes. thanks. Will you tell me how to cook special foods from your province? I'd like to know them. Did you have a good journey? Cipto : Yes. Andi : OK. too. meeting and parting? Activity 3 8 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Andi : Let me help you to bring your suitcase. Cipto : That's very kind of you. Let me introduce you to my friend Yani this is Cipto. then. I'd like you to meet my friend Don e. great. Cipto? I'm Andi from University of Jakarta. Nice to meet you. Cipto : Great. introducing.. Don't you know Don is my friend d. a. I'm Cipto Susanto. Don is my friend b. Can you identify the expressions of greetings. We should go to the palace to meet the President of Indonesia. Yani : Hello. How's the trip? Yani : Well. Thanks.

. Introducing yourself More Formal Introducing someone • • • • • • • • I would like to introduce you to . Less Formal • • • • • • • • • Good morning... Peter–Jeny. Goodbye. Do you know ... See you later. I'm ... Hi! Responses • • • • Good night. Hello.. here's Peter.What to Say Study the following expressions of greetings. Yes. introducing. Good evening... Good afternoon.. Hello! My name is ... How are you? How do you do? How're you doing? Hi! Partings More Formal Less Formal • • • • Good night. Greetings More Formal Responses • • • • • • • • Good morning.... it's been so nice.. It's Nice to See You 9 . Jeny– Peter • • • • • • • • • Less Formal First let me introduce myself. Good morning. Goodbye. Let me introduce you to . Hi! I'm . meeting and parting.... How do you do? My name is . Excuse me my name's .. Allow me to introduce .. I'd like you to meet . Oh look. This . Fine.. My name's ... thanks. Good afternoon. How do you do? Not bad.... Bye.. Good evening. How nice to see you Hello.. Bye. My name is . See you. Allow me to introduce my self.

I have to get going. 2. 4. You introduce yourself to Mr Hutagalung and he responds to the introduction. I stay in the Uptown Apartment on fifth Avenue. Budi introduces himself to Rendi on the way home from the school. 10 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Rendi : Mine's on tenth floor. Haven't we met before? Budi : 1 Rendi : I don't think so. Wayan is your friend. his brother. Then practise it with your partner. Some have plural forms ending in a /z/ sound. Dewi. you introduce Mr Lubis. Some words have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound. . 2 Budi. 1. I also stay there on eleventh floor. to your father. to you. 4 . 3. He introduces Sofyan. Budi : Anyway. your English teacher. In the classroom. /s/ /z/ • book-books /bʊks/ • day-days /deɪz/ • group-groups /gruːps/ • flag-flags /flægz/ • shout-shouts /∫aʊts/ • leaf-leaves /li:vz/ • chief-chiefs /t∫iːfs/ • dog-dogs /dɔgz/ • state-states /steɪts/ • wife-wives /waɪfz/ Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue. Budi : That's great.v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. Activity 5 Work in groups and perform a dialogue based on the following situations. Rendi : See you then. Rendi : 3 Budi : Do you somehow stay around here? Rendi : Yeah. your friend. Sorry. introduces you to Tini. Goodbye. Reni. At a meeting. her sister. Budi : 5 .

we packed our bags and got ready to go home. On Monday. We built the camp next to a small river. Text by Agus Molgana It's Nice to See You 11 . so we built a fire camp. Activity 7 Ask other students about their weekend and their special experiences. It was great. Study the events. In the afternoon we went to the river and caught some fish for supper. I had a lovely time. 3. I didn't do anything special. read poetry. 4. The next day. 1. Activity 8 Read aloud the following text. and even some of us performed a standing comedy. We sang. You : Did you have a good weekend? Your friend : Yes. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. No. we held a fire camp night. At night. I went to theatre and I watched a great movie. my friends and I went camping. We reached the camping ground after we walked for about one and a half hour from the parking lot. Look at the following example. Then complete the following table with different names. 5.Activity 6 Ask your partner and say what you did last weekend. Name Deni Activities Played football Time/When? Sunday afternoon Special Events He made a goal. played magic tricks. For example: 1. It was getting darker and colder. we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing meals. danced. 2. You : What did you do on your last weekend? Your friend : It was alright. 2. Last weekend.

m accompanied my mother to shop had Padang food for dinner attended an extracurricular activity helped my uncle water the flowers tidied my bedroom went swimming watched TV and ate snacks prepared shoes for jogging visited my grandma's house did homework and watched TV Activity 11 After setting the timeline into a good order in Activity 10.30 1 4 7 9 5 10 12.Activity 9 Answer these questions based on the text in Activity 8.m p. in groups make your oral recount by referring to the activity in each time. Activity 12 Now make your own timeline on last your last weekend and present it to the class. 2. 12 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .m a. 4. Saturday Sunday 6. 1.m a.m pm p.m p. 3.30 6 a. 5.m p.30 3.m p.m p. What did we do last weekend? How long did we reach the camping ground? When did we build the camp? What did we do on the next day? What activities did we do at the night of a fire camp night? Activity 10 Work in pairs and match the following time line with its activities.

you will learn how to: • • identify the structure of recount texts. but I walked with him to the end of Sunda Street. 1. 2. I was so surprised! He was a singer in D' Masive! Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. I looked in my bag for my wallet and found a piece of paper the man gave me. 7. Activity 1 Answer these following questions. Do you have any interesting experience to tell? Can you recall it? Will you tell your experience to your friend? Activity 2 Read the following text about someone's experience. 4. 5. Then I remembered where the Hyatt was and told him how to get there. I found the record store and listened to a few records. and his face looked so familiar. How was he when he knew who the man was? It's Nice to See You 13 . 3. so I took it. D' Masive had a new record that was number two in the top twenty. 2002 Activity 3 Answer these following questions based on the text in Activity 2. He was very friendly. looking for a record store. It was a photo. read and understand recount texts. 8. He thanked me and tried to give me something. I wasn't sure exactly where it was. Meeting a Star On Saturday morning at 9:30. but he really wanted me to have it. 1. 2. A man stopped me and asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. I was walking down Sunda Street. 3. 6. Where was the writer? What was he doing? What did the man ask the writer? How was the man's character? Did the writer help the man? What did the writer decide to buy? What did he find in his wallet? Explain. I decided to buy it. I thought it was money. I said 'no' at first.Reading In this section.

b. c. c. My Day I had a terrible day yesterday. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. He got dressed so quickly that he forgot to wear socks. 2. He has a terrible day. He walked for four miles. He ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. Why did he wake up an hour late? a. I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast. crutched. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off. 2003 New Horizon When writing recounts you should: .use action words eg helped. He burned his hand when he was making breakfast.lmpc. How far did the writer walk? a.Activity 4 Read the text and choose the correct answer to the following questions. Because he didn't see alarm clock. 1. First. d. Taken from Ready to Write. He walked for three miles. d. He had a terrible day.use words which indicate when (eg after lunch) and where the events took place (eg in the shed) . Because his alarm clock didn't work. He wear socks so quickly that he forgot to get dressed. What did he do after having breakfast? a. Because he didn't set alarm clock. He walked for five miles.focus on individual people ie use the words. but I didn't have enough money. Source: www. I wanted to take a taxi.write in the past tense eg had. He got a terrible day. d. He gets a terrible day. After breakfast. but of course I missed it. d. Then. 14 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. b. Because his alarm clock didn't go off. He walked for two miles. Finally. I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks. I or we . b. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday. c. b. What happened to the writer yesterday? a. Next. c. visited .edu.au. 4.

forgot /fə'gɒt/ 5. missed /mɪsd/ 6. wanted /wɒntɪd/ 2. What does the writer hope? a. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. c. The writer hopes to discover that it was Sunday. ran out /rʌn aʊt/ 3. First. Events: tell what happened. but I didn't have enough money (paragraph 2) Finally. b. The writer hopes to take a taxi. The writer hopes he never had a day like yesterday. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday (paragraph 3) • • • • Re-orientation: optional closure of events. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off (paragraph 1) Next. but of course I missed it. I had a terrible day yesterday. 1. in what sequence. Generic Structure • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants. walked /wɔ:kd/ 4. I wanted to take a taxi. woke up /wɒk ʌp/ 8. terrible /'terəbl/ 10. Activity 5 Read the words taken from the text and find their synonyms. d. burned /bɜ:nd/ 7. The writer hopes that yesterday will be better. quickly /kwiklɪ/ Activity 6 Paragraph • Read and study the text structure of the recount text in Activity 4. hurry /hʌrɪ/ 9.5. It's Nice to See You 15 .

Work in pairs. So. I remembered all my lines. I reached my pocket to get a ring and put it around her finger.Activity 7 Read the following text and identify its text structure. I woke up at about five o'clock yesterday. Yes. took a little walk and went to a movie. • • • • • • Use at with specific times: at 5:00/at 7:30/at noon/ at midnight Use from and to with a span of time: from 6:00 to 9:00/from 1941 to 1945 Use in with other parts of the day: in the afternoon/ in the morning/in the evening (exception: at night) Use in with months: in August/in June Use in with years: in 19999/in 2001 Use in with seasons: in the spring/in the summer/ in the winter 16 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I was a little bit crazy. we had a romantic dinner. I met her at four o'clock. I had my lunch but I wasn't enjoying it either. I thought it was the perfect time to ask her to be my wife. I wrapped my works and got ready to pick her up and of course proposed her. At about nine o'clock I was in my office but my soul wasn't there. It wasn't a regular day." After driven her home I went back to my house. it was three o'clock. Study the prepositions of time and the example. At seven. 2002 Grammar Review Using Prepositions of Time It is important to use correct prepositions to show time relationship. Taken from New Horizons in English. I practiced the lines to almost all girls I met at my lunch. She smiled. Finally. At one o'clock. Then I said the lines that I practiced the whole afternoon. After praying and taking a bath. because I was about to propose a girl. I had my early breakfast. I was thinking about the lines that I had to say to her. Then she said "Yes.

I'll meet you for lunch Tuesday noon. 1995 1998. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. I lived in Jakarta Linda was born 1952. My mother got me ready for school then I had to wait for her to brush my hair and place every strand in just the perfect position. She takes the train Saturday 9. 3. 4:00 the afternoon. The playground would be full in the summer and the noise would make me want to rush into the yard and get into a good game of football before the bell went. 2. 5. After a walk of about 700 metres I would be able to see the tall steeple of the school. Activity 9 Read the following text and identify the prepositions of time in the text.au It's Nice to See You 17 .edu. I had to show her my shoes that I had cleaned the night before and my school bag had to be neatly put on my shoulder before I could get near the door. 4. 1. I would leave home at 8 am on the dot and make my way down the lane.00 the morning and arrives in Singapore 10:45.• • Use on with days of the week: on Sunday/on Tuesday/ on Friday Use on with specific dates: on June 30 on April 21.lmpc. Only after my mother was totally satisfied would I be allowed to rush out of the front door. She was born October 31. Adapted from www. 2001/on New Year's Eve Activity 8 Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions.

5. 3. Happy. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. 1. Do you have a diary? What do people usually write in it? What sort of advantages can people get from writing it? Have you ever written your past experience in a diary? If yes. 2. you will learn how to: • • arrange recount texts. When did Luna write her diary above? Who called her? How did she feel when Andika called her? Did she know where Andika got her number? How is Luna's feeling for Andika? Do you think she likes him? 18 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Lovely Luna Text by Apel Your Project You might have an interesting experience lately. Confuse. 1. 28th 2008 08. My heart beat faster when I heard his voice. It will be so much fun when you read what you have written a few years later. I was surprised.Writing In this section. 2. Speechless. I wondered from whom he got my cell phone number. 3. 4.00 p. Answer the questions that follow. write recount texts. 4.m. This morning Andika called me. what was it about? Activity 2 Pay attention to the following diary. Write it in your diary. 5. March.

30 10. It's Nice to See You 19 . When I had seen the sights in Europe.00-3. At 08. . He wrote his journey in his diary.30-11.. Arrange them so they follow a logical time order.30-9.30-12. I spent a week in New York and then flew to London and enjoyed several weeks in Europe. I came in to the class and greeted the students.. I flew from his home in Mexico City to New York City. After through Asia.Activity 3 Arrange the following sentences into the correct order. Write a paragraph that telling past events based on the schedule.00 12.. Tuesday 08.00 1. First.00-1. Deri saved his money and spent two months travelling around the world. I went to south America and finally back home to Indonesia. Remember to begin with topic sentences.30 11. Then use all the sentences to write the paragraph.00-10.30. Activity 4 Study the following schedule.00 greet new students give test to new students order new text books make phone calls have lunch with teachers observe classes For example: Last week I had a busy schedule in my class.00 9. I took a train to Istanbul and visited many places in Asia.

then she moved to rembang. in september 13 1904 she gave a birth to her son. Blind Date The phone call Her story Doni got my name from a friend. decide the conclusion at each stage. everyone knows who kartini is. Write it in your workbook. He told me that she was really pretty and had a lovely personality. ma ngasirah was a girl from teluk awur village in jepara as the daughter of a noble family. her mother. she felt luck because she got more than the ordinary people got.com Activity 6 Read this story. the head of rembang regency. but her spirit and dream will always be in our heart. I had to carry on the whole conversation myself. he started talking about himself. 20 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I couldn't have got in a word edgewise even if I had wanted to. but after giving birth to a son. kartini.recount. his name was singgih. Rewrite it using your own words. sosroningrat wedana (assistant of head of regency) in mayong. her father was rmaa. As you read the text. her condition was getting worse and she finally passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years old now kartini has gone. she got better education than other children in november 12 1903 she married adipati djoyodiningrat.peperonity. r a kartini every april 21 people in indonesia commemorate the kartini day.Activity 5 Punctuate and capitalise the following text. However I explained that it was time for my piano practice. and there was no stopping him. I was delighted when she agreed but it was really difficult talking to her. His story Maya is a friend of Galih. it is beautiful day for the woman because we celebrate the birth of great lady ra. so I rang her and asked her for a date. nowadays indonesian women progress is influenced by kartini's spirit stated on collection of letter habis gelap terbitlah terang from the dusk to the dawn Adapted from www. according to javanese tradition kartini had to follow her husband. she is our national heroine and a great lady with the bright idea kartini was born in 1879 april 21 in mayong jepara. She wouldn't say a word. He telephoned me and invited me to see a film and I accepted.

I wasn't even hungry. I didn't know where to look. and never apologized. and you should have seen Maya's face when she first came to the door! As we walked to the bus stop she grumbled that Galih always took her out by car. I was getting ready. I whispered 'be quiet' several times but it had no effect. 2002 It's Nice to See You 21 . His story I got there on time. Adapted from New Horizons in English 4.The arrival Her story When he came to pick me up. I almost died of embarrassment. She explained that she was still full from lunch. The film was very funny. He was so insensitive. She behaved terribly. His story She was a real bore. Then he suggested that we took a bus. I think she was impressed by my suit. The future Her story Would I go out with him again? You must be joking. I explained that I was Maya's date. She refused everything that I offered her. One date with her was more than enough. and insisted on ordering a whole meal for me. but I think she wanted to go somewhere more expensive. Her Mom answered the door and asked me what I wanted. I told her she looked lovely! The movie Her story He laughed so loudly that everybody turned round to look at us. She's a real snob. The meal Her story He took me to a cafe. It was awful. I never want to see him again. When I came to the door and saw the ridiculous outfit he was wearing. He also made a loud noise eating his popcorn. I wanted to crawl into a hole. but she kept muttering throughout. His story She let me order the most expensive dish on the menu and she didn't even touch a bite. His story I would never call her again.

a. After a few weeks. 22 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . d. c. Although the passengers were safe. b. e.Activity 7 Look at the pictures and arrange the sentences in the correct order to form a meaningful paragraph based on the pictures. It was an American movie called The Lost Flight. the passengers were eating raw fish and meat. So the passengers had to learn how to hunt for food in the jungle and how to catch fish from the sea to eat. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 It was an interesting film about a plane which crashed on a small empty island in the Pacific Ocean. nobody knew where the plane had crashed.

4. j. She put the things on her list in time order. Use her list to write a paragraph about the things she had to do. The film ended without saying whether the passengers were rescued or not. She made a list of things she had to do before the party. Then write a diary and tell it in front of the class. What was it? When and where did it happen? Who was involved? How was it memorable? And why? It's Nice to See You 23 . Consider the following. My sister and I went to see a film last night. But my sister and I enjoyed the film. g. Activity 10 Now think of your most memorable experience and write it like a diary entry. • • • • • • buy food for dinner at supermarket pick up birthday cake at bakery clean house make dinner wrap present set table Activity 9 Work in groups of four and everyone should share his/her unforgettable experience. k. Remember to begin with a topic sentence and use signal words. h. 1. But their boat sank and they were drowned. It showed how people can quickly change when they have to look after themselves in the jungle.f. After they had been on the island for two months. 3. Activity 8 Yesterday. Decide one that the group think is the most unforgettable. i. Vicki had a birthday for her friend. three of the men made a boat and sailed away to find help. 2.

say greetings and goodbye. identify ideational meaning in the recount texts. in what sequence optional-closure of events Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. 6. • Hello. Genre Recount Social function : Generic structure . 2. Greeting • Hi! • Hello. 3. If you find some difficulties. Parting • Goodbye. write a recount text. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to? 4.Re-orientation : 2. respond to oral instructions. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. my name is Dewi. 8. answer the questions: 1.Events : . • Good night. 4. Introducing • Hi. c. Write your last holiday experience and tell it to your friends. 24 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How do you introduce yourself? 2. I am Deri. identify the structure of recount texts. 5.Chapter Summary 1. perform a monologue of recount texts. 7. Language Functions a. • See you later. introduce yourself and others. What do you say to greet people? 3. b. respond to the expressions of introducing. you are expected to be able to: 1. to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining provides the setting and introduces participants tell what happened. • Good morning. Now.Orientation : . • Good evening. meeting and parting.

Chapter 2 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n I'm Sorry to Hear That In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • • • Responding to expression of happiness Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection Responding to narrative texts Using expression of happiness Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection Performing a monologue of narrative texts Identifying the structure of a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text Writing a narrative text Speaking: Reading: Writing: 25 .

What will you do or say to show your sympathy? 7. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. What do you feel when you hear a good news? 3. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. What will you do or say to show your happiness? 6. What do you think of the situations? Are there good news or bad news? 2. respond to narrative texts. Will you be surprised especially when hearing the bad news? 26 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . you will learn how to: • • • respond to expression of happiness. 1. respond to expressions of sympathy and showing affection.Listening In this section. The debate team of your school won the national debate competition. How do you respond to someone telling you a good and a bad news? 5. She couldn't even stand up because she broke her ankle. • • • • • • You are informed that your father has just got promotion in his workplace. What do you feel when you hear a bad news? 4. Activity 1 Study the following situations and answer the questions. Your sister slipped and she was in such pain. Your friend's father suddenly passed away soon after he got off from the bus.

I'm sorry to hear that. Then. 2. Oh really? That's great. b. For example: You will hear: My sister got a car accident last night. that's good news. 3. b. How terrible! I'm delighted to hear that. a. Words good news happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence Expressions It's really great. It gives me satisfaction. The best response is …. Oh. a. How poor she is. 7. Oh. b. a. The correct response is (b) Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. No. 1. a. 4. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the best response from the expressions you hear. 2. I'm so happy. a. 8. Oh really? It is nice to hear that. I'm Sorry to Hear That 27 .Activity 2 Listen to the tape carefully. that's bad news. b. 3. 5. Is that right? That's too bad. Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. b. 4. 6. Oh really? That's too bad. 5. I'm delighted to hear that. Is that right? How nice! I'm happy with that. a. b. 1. repeat the words and expressions.

has just got an accident. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? Deni : He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. New Horizon What's the difference between sympathy and empathy? Sympathy is the act of imagining and interpreting the thoughts. priorities and values). He broke his legs. 5 Andi : . experiences. 1 that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? 2 ! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. Mom? Mother: Perhaps after dinner. Mother: My dear daughter. Hani : Thanks for your praise. Dialogue 1 Hani gets a gift from her mother. Was he badly injured? Deni : Sure. sympathy and affection.Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogues.com 28 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . his friend. experiences. Mom. Empathy the act of attempting to understand the thoughts. Andi. Andi : I'll 6 in the hospital right away.g. Source: www. Hani : Hooray! That's 1 . Pay attention to the expressions for showing happiness. I'm so 4 to be your Mom. She is very happy. He couldn't 4 . experiences. He must have skidded in the rain. When do we go there. Dialogue 2 Deni tells Andi bad news. priorities and values). Hani : Thanks Mom. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. their history.about. I am also 3 to have parents like you both. Deni : Hi. our history. he was such in pain.g. experiences. Andi : Oh 3 . was he? Deni : He was. Frankly we both are so 2 for your performance at school. Andi : He wasn't. and perspectives of others from our own lens (e. Mother: You are a wonderful daughter for us. and perspectives of others from their own lens (e. Rudi. your father said that he would take you to the department store.

6. Congratulations. Rendy got a serious cancer disease? 6. Activity 6 Listen to the following dialogue and answer these questions based on what you heard. Name Rani Listen to the statements and complete the following table. Then make the best response for each expression. 5. 1. 4. 3. 3. 4. You get a free ticket for this holiday. Number one has been done for you. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. You are excellent and brilliant.000. 2. Did you hear that Mr. 5. It's got Rp. 2.on it. 1. 4. I've lost my wallet somewhere. I'm Sorry to Hear That 29 .Activity 5 Listen and study these expressions. 7. 100. You get Rp 10. You got a great mark for the final test. Well done. Types of the Story fairy tales Title of the Story Cinderella 1. 2. Many people died and got serious injured. 7. on the TV news. Rendi was knocked down by a car. 8.000 credit bonus. He was in hospital for five weeks. Yesterday. 3. He was arrested for traffic violence. 8. I heard that Budi was in jail. What is the dialogue about? Who are involved in the dialogue? What is Boni looking for? What kind of books does he need? What do you know about folktales? Do you like to read or hear stories? What kind of stories do you like? What is your favourite story? Activity 7 No.

The little girl said yes she was. a big wolf 1 in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying 2 to her grandmother. When the little girl 5 the door of her grandmother's house. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. 2004 Activity 9 Study the following explanation. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than 8 lion looks like Calvin Coolidge.Activity 8 Listen to the tape and complete the following story. The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. She had approached no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she 7 it was not her grandmother but the wolf. Taken from Readings to Remember. Then. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" 3 the wolf. time) • the characters (the people in the story) • the events (the conflict in the story) • the outcome (what happened in the end) Setting Characters Events Outcome 30 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he 4 into the woods. However. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and 6 . listen to your teacher reading another story and complete the table. Different writers organise their stories in different ways. Finally. they usually give their information about: • the setting (the place.

what are the expressions? 4. What do you usually say when you are pleased or happy? 2. 10. What do you usually say when you want to attract someone's attention? 3. 6. 9. Your brother has a problem. It's really great. 1. 4. What a nice news. I'm really sorry to hear that! Oh that's awful. I know how it feels. Are you fine? Oh dear. It gives me a great pleasure. What will you say to show your affection? Activity 2 Read and practise the following expressions. you will learn how to: • • • use expression of happiness. 8. One of your friends had an accident.Speaking In this section. 2. 5. use expressions of sympathy and showing affection. What a shame. 3. He looks sad. Please accept my condolences! What a terrible situation for you. What do you say to show your sympathy? 5. It makes me happy. 1. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. perform a monologue of narrative texts. Do you have different expressions when showing your happiness in front of your friends and elderly people? If yes. 7. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. I'm Sorry to Hear That 31 . I'm so happy. I'm delighted to hear that.

I can't still believe that she's gone. What's up? Retno : Mom. where is mom? Father : She is back there. Ivan. I'm pretty sure next week will be better for you. You don't look very happy. Come on. d. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2005) Y X a. So her death was really a shock for me and my family. The italicised sentence is used to express . Dialogue 2 Basri shows his sympathy to his friend. Dialogue 1 Retno gets a good news about her job application. : Oh. I sent a job application to a big international company near the downtown a couple of days ago and just now I got a phone call from the company that I get accepted.. I am going to work. that's wonderful. you know. Basri : Of course. I hope he'll be better soon. Ali. Basri : Hi. e. poor John. Basri : Oh really? What happened? Ali : She was driving a car and suddenly a speedy truck bumped into her car in front. I'm so happy right now. Go tell your daddy. It's always hard to lose someone you love. However. c.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues. What actually happened? Ali : My grandmother passed away on Tuesday. Retno : Mommy. Is everything alright? Ali : Well. Basri : Really? I'm sorry to hear that. Retno : Yes. I will. Mother : Yes. Pay attention to your expressions. 32 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . She is very happy. b. Basri : Was she ill or something before she died? Ali : No. no. Ali : Thanks. Then act them out in front of the class. this week has been so terrible for me.. She was badly hurt because of a car accident. What happened to him? : He was sent to the hospital because of his sickness. It's lovely. Mommy…. UN Shot X : I haven't met John for three days. Retno : Dad. I hope so. Mother : I'm right here..

sorry to hear that. Oh dear. I'm extremely sorry to hear that. I'm so happy. Hooray! It's lovely. What a terrible situation for you. Nice news! Or good News! It makes me happy. I'm with you. I'm Sorry to Hear That 33 . Showing Affection (Giving Attention) More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • What should I do to cheer you up? I really care about you? Don't you worry. I know how it feels Oh what a shame . What's wrong with you? Hope you will be fine. I'm delighted to hear that. It gives me a great pleasure. Oh that's awful. Showing Happiness More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • It's really great.. I do sympathise (I assure you). sympathy and affection..What to Say Study the following expressions of showing happiness. Are you OK? Showing Sympathy More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • You have my deepest sympathy..

I'm afraid I cannot finish my job at the moment. Eka? Eka : Well. I'm for you. Mother : I'm right here. Sir. Ranti : Thanks Mom. I'm so now. make dialogues based on the following situations. you know what. that's excellent. Mr Andrew : What can I do for you. Don't worry about this project. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. Take all the time you need.Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogues with the expressions you have learned. Eka : I know that Sir. but I have just received a call from my mother telling me that my father has passed away. 1. Use the expressions you have learned. Eka : Excuse me. My teacher told me that I am one of the students who get a scholarship from a national University in Jakarta. He is very happy. I'm . Dialogue 1 Wandi gets a scholarship. You have my sincere . 34 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 5 Now. Mr Andrew : Oh. Then act them out with your friends'. Mother : Oh really. mommy…. Dialogue 2 Eka asks her boss to have a few days off because her father has passed away. What's up? Ranti : Mom. Your friend's father has passed away. Eka : Thank you. 2. I'll take . Mr Andrew : Are you serious? We need to finish this project right away. Wandi : Mommy. Sir. Sir. Express your sympathy in the dialogue. Then practise them with your friends'.

His father told him that he should have poured water on the fire instead. Rushing to the place. 1. in which case they would have bought salt from him. This made the people angry and they chased him away. they would have bought his salt. 2001 A stupid man was sent by his father to sell salt. his father told him that if he had helped the miners to dig. What do you know about storytelling? Did you ever tell a story to your friend? If yes. Pay attention to your intonation and expressions. When he returned home. he started drumming and dancing. a couple were fighting with each other. again to be chased away. The man next went to a house where a wedding was taking place. When he returned home. There he dug a huge hole. he went to a village where there happened to be a fire. if he wanted to sell salt there. what was the story about? What can you get from a story? Activity 7 Read aloud the following story. The foolish man poured a bucketful of water on them. Blind Listening father told him that if he had beaten a drum and danced instead. only to be thrown out by the people. his I'm Sorry to Hear That 35 . His father later told him that he should have tried to settle the quarrel. In the final event. 4. He stepped in to stop the fight and was gored to death by angry bulls. 3.Activity 6 Answer the following questions. Then. the people there would have bought salt from him. the man saw two bulls fighting with each other. Do a storytelling to your friends. 2. He first went to a mining area but nobody there wanted his salt. Taken from English Bestseller 12. In the next place he went to.

His house is large and located in the town of Keelung.. pour /pɔ:/ 4. village /'vɪlɪdʒ/ 10. its amount is two hundred dollars for each of his son. This is a story of three foolish sons in northern Taiwan. 1. Identify the setting. Make sure that you fully understand the story. quarrel /'kwɒrɘl/ Activity 8 Find a story that you know well. Make the storytelling as interesting as possible. death /deθ/ 8. (Continue your storytelling using your own words. characters. salt /sɔ:lt/ 3.. stupid /'stju:pɪd/ 9. chase /tʃeɪs/ 5. Retell it in front of the class. 1. As their sons were no longer children. throw /θrɘʊ/ 6. dug /dʌg/ 2. Can't you imagine that . 2. There was a rich man having three sons. Well..Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. events and outcome of the story. It could be a folk tale or a legend. 3. he gave them much money. Example: Let me tell you something. dance /dɑ:ns/ 7. Use the following steps as your guide.) 36 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

Do you enjoy reading? The following is a list of different types of stories. fantasy g. Activity 1 Answer these questions. And so he experiments considerably. 2. little Bear explores the farm with all the wonder and condor of a child. folk tale d. Decide the types of them. identify meanings and information in narrative texts. you will learn to: • • • identify the structure of narrative texts. science-fiction f. illustrated by Tony Morris 3.com Visit www. 1. Use your dictionary to check new words. by Sue Robinson. legend The following is the titles of two books and brief summaries of them. adventure e.Reading In this section. May 10. fable b. At once curious and confident. read and understand narrative texts.grimmfairytales. a Englishclub. His questions never end and he wishes he were needed like the animals seem to be. a. Source: Publishers Weekly. Bear in the Barnyard. and retell it in front of your class. 2004 Teddy Bear meets real farm animals. Choose one of your favourites. superhero c. I'm Sorry to Hear That 37 . com to read fairy tales from 'The Brothers Grimm'.

b Under the Bed. Hairy green. these monsters flee the bedroom when they discover the child. 2004 The book's crazy collection of worried creatures is scared–not scary–and your child will know it's true. Activity 2 Study the chart below and answer the questions that follow. illustrated by Ben Cort Source: Publishers Weekly. warty and winged. It shows you types of fiction read by students in a class. May 10. What type of fiction do you like most? Others Adventure 10% Science-fiction 15% 25% 10 5% Superhero 12. by Paul Bright.5% Folk tale Legend 10% 15% Crime detection Fantasy Total: 100% = 40 38 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . spiney red.5% 7.

Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Everyone said that the three sons were very foolish. You must do the same. he was very angry. One day. You can use it to start your own business. They lived in a large house in the town of Keelung in northern Taiwan. When I die. One day. They had spent all their money uselessly. 2000 There was a rich man who had three sons. he killed his father. I started with nothing and made a fortune by working hard. When the rich man heard what his sons had done with the money he had given them. 3. The third son tried to cure his father with medicine which he had bought. He bought a set of tools from him so that he could make baskets. The third son met a doctor who told him that he had a medicine which could cure all diseases. 2. here is two hundred dollars for each of you. Pay attention to your intonation and pronunciation in reading the story. He bought it from him for two hundred dollars. Now. he said to his sons. "You are no longer children. The second son met a basketmaker. 4. The second son picked up his tools and tried to repair the damage to his father's head. What type of fiction do students like most? How many people read crime detection? What is the least favourite fiction? Can you fill in the blanks with the number of students who read each type of fiction? Activity 3 Read aloud the following text. I am not going to leave you very much money. He thought that hunting would be fine so he bought a gun from him for two hundred dollars.1. "What stupid sons I have!" He said. Instead. the eldest son tried to shoot a fly on his father's forehead. You must do something to earn your own living. The eldest son met a hunter." I'm Sorry to Hear That 39 . Three Foolish Sons The three sons went off separately.

"One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble. After finishing his meal. When Sau Ling was a young man. 1. He returned the bag to him. he picked up his bag. a fortune-teller came to the house. Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei. "You must send your son away. they were very unhappy." He looked inside. "That's strange!" he thought. Several years later. They loved him very much. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. Sau Ling was very honest. Activity 5 Read the text and study its text structure. He put his bag on the floor near his table. "Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked. One day. they found a baby boy outside their door. What would you do with your money? Pretend that you were the rich man. Because of this." Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this. What would you do with your money? 2. That evening. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling. They had no children." he said. there lived a man called Lin and his wife. in its place. "It feels so heavy." he said. Pretend that you were one of the sons of the rich man in the story entitled Three Foolish Sons.Activity 4 Discuss the following questions with your friends based on the text in Activity 3. They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away. "You are really very honest. They believed what the fortune-teller said. The Fortune Teller In the great city of Taipei. It was full of small gold bars. "I shall ask my orientation complication 40 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . a young man came to the inn. Then he realised that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag. The young man thanked him.

A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than one complication and resolution. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. The fortune-teller did not know what to say." The young man's father was a rich merchant. Then find their synonyms. called /kɔ:ld/ found /fəʊnd/ wrapped /ræpd/ cried /kraɪd/ picked /pɪkd/ believed /bɪˈli:vd/ looked /lʊkd/ realised /rɪəlɑɪzd/ returned /rɪˈtɛnd/ thanked /ɵæŋkd/ I'm Sorry to Hear That 41 . Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives. 10. 7. The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. "and take a holiday. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: orientation." he said. 1. Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution. Sau Ling told them what had happened. complication. The fortune-teller was also present. 2000 Every text has its own structure.resolution father to give you a job. 8. Mr and Mrs Lin were delighted to see him again. Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that. and resolution. 3. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story. Activity 6 Read the following words taken from the text. 4. 6. He gave Sau Ling a good job. 2. "But go home first. 5. 9." Sau Ling returned to Taipei. He left the house without saying a word.

" It was dark and cool in the cottage where Rosaura lived with her parents. Rosaura's father walked back to the cottage. forgetting all about her hiding game. listening to the faint sound of her mother's voice. His eyes scanned the fields for Rosaura's red ribbon. It was her favourite game. "Hasn't Rosaura come back yet?" asked her father as he came through the door. you might have seen a little splash of red in the tall grass. Rosaura jumped up to chase the butterfly. She crouched quietly. And if you had looked closer you might have seen a small girl wearing a red ribbon." said her mother. Her skin was brown as a nut from the sun. Suddenly. "Not yet. Identify the structure of the story based on the example in Activity 5." called her mother. A Story about Red wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. her red ribbon fluttered. But it was nowhere to be seen. "Rosaura. a bright yellow butterfly darted by. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Was that the sound of her mother calling. and heading for the fields.Activity 7 Read this text carefully. The afternoon stretched out long and hot. All day long through the hot summers she loved to run in the fields. As soon as she had finished her food she slipped down from her chair. They rustled above her head where the sky stretched clear and blue." "Rosaura! Rosaura!" If you were tall enough. "Rosaura! There you are. Her feet were scratched and her toes bruised on stones as she chased after the mice hiding in the corn stalks. In her tangled black hair. where are you going?" called her mother. She 42 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . But Rosaura was already through the gate. "I'm sure she'll be back soon. All Rosaura could see were the swaying green stalks of the corn. As the sun reached the far side of the field. Rosaura was hiding from her mother and father. She caught a glimpse of Rosaura's red ribbon disappearing around the door. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. or the wind whispering in the corn? Rosaura was not sure. "It's time for lunch.

But the supper was ready and still there was no sign of Rosaura. But it was another red flower. say the Indians. 3. "There she is!" They began to run towards the red ribbon that she had spotted among the corn. Rosaura's mother and father had never seen such a flower before. 5. Who is the main character of the story? What was Rosaura's favourite game? Why did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did Rosaura come back home when the supper was ready? Could Rosaura's mother and father find her? I'm Sorry to Hear That 43 . In the dawn. but the red petals of a flower." said Rosaura's father. when the corn ripened and the evenings grew long. is how the red poppy came to be. "Look!" cried Rosaura's mother suddenly. And again they ran towards the dear red ribbon. staring over the field. "They will stay with us!" Every year. But oh! It wasn't Rosaura's ribbon at all. "Rosaura won't be coming home anymore. As night fell. And that. Rosaura's mother and father looked around the field. The red morning sun lit up their tired faces. "She was always happier in the fields. looking for the red ribbon. Now the sun had set. 2003 Activity 8 Answer these questions based on the story in Activity 7. 4. As the sun came up bright and strong. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Soon the shadows were deep blue in the yard. Rosaura's mother and father stood at the door of their cottage." said her mother. casting a red glow over the fields. Rosaura's mother and father felt so sad. 1. It was too dark to see the red ribbon now. Taken from Childcraft: World of Colour. they stood alone and sad amongst the corn. Rosaura's parents stood at the edge of the fields and watched the red flowers dancing under the sun. Rosaura's parents called and called all through the night. It was filled with red flowers swaying and fluttering in the tall grass. Her father looked away in disappointment. Rosaura's parents began to walk and call for her in the field. they fetched lamp that lit up patches of corn and grass and startled the sleeping mice. But they could find no red ribbon. "I see her!" he cried." "But the spirits have left us these flowers to remind us of her. 2.

Negative 1. 2. What do you call such a tale? New Horizon Stories are an important aspect of culture. 2. Why did Rosaura's mother think that the petals of the flower were her ribbon? 7. Chinese. ancient Greek. Affirmative 1.org Grammar Review Simple Past Tense Look at the following sentences. 44 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .6. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. Why did Rosaura's mother think that Rosaura wouldn't be coming home anymore? 8. We can change the sentences into negative and question form. This tense is commonly used in story telling and when we tell others about past events. Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment. 2. existing in ancient Egypt. Her father looked away in disappointment. Stories are of ancient origin. and Indian culture.wikipedia. Most of the humanities involve stories. 1. used as parables and examples used to illustrate points. What did Rosaura's father say about the red flowers filled the field? 9. Many works of art and most works of literature tell stories. Her father did not look away in disappointment. Rosaura did not eat her meal quickly. Did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did her father look away in disappointment? Question In affirmative sentence we use verb in past form whereas in negative and question sentences we use infinitive. Source: www. What do Indians say about the story? 10. Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication.

almost) a car accident last night. I (have. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. 5. They do not know each other. 10. I'm Sorry to Hear That 45 . I (find. On one side of the room. Activity 10 1 Complete the following paragraphs using the verbs in parentheses. busily) to each other in Spanish. the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual conversation (stop) . students (talk. (sit. It sounded like the United Nations. The other car (miss. just) quietly by themselves. She cries in front of me. 2. I (step) on the brakes and (swerve) to the right. finally) the right room. The teacher is correcting paper at her desk. 8. In a few minutes.Activity 9 Change the tenses of the following sentences into simple past tense form. Rosaura runs away from her house. It (come) right at my car. Other students (speak) Japanese. 1. Some of the students. Use simple past tense form. Does the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? Sally is listening to music in her room. I (drive) down Washington Avenue when suddenly I (see) a car in my lane. Roy is taking a nap on the couch. I (choose) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. 9. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. 2 It was my first day of class. 7. and some (converse) in Arabic. just) my car by about an inch. The room (be. however. 6. Wahyu falls in love with the new student. already) full of students. 3 4.

2. he knew Durna did not want anybody to rival Arjuna. the crown prince of Parang Gelung Kingdom. Durna trapped him saying he would admit Ekalaya as his student if he cut off the thumb of his right hand as evidence of his loyalty to his master. Ekalaya finally encountered Arjuna.joglosemar. since the man promised only to teach children of Pandawa and Kurawa. Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap The story started with Durna who was teaching the art of archery to the children of Hastina Kingdom at the palace's yard. Have you ever written a story? Is it difficult or not? What makes you feel difficult in writing a story? What makes you feel easy in writing a story? Activity 2 Arrange the pictures based on the following story. 1. a young man watched the practice. Durna's favourite student. Arjuna was surprised to find that an arrow struck the animal he was hunting. 3. From far away. Still Ekalaya was neither angry nor revengeful. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. Ekalaya followed the request but then realised he had been cheated. 4. you will learn how to: • • • develop a paragraph of narrative texts. He was Ekalaya. Adapted from www. With this statue as his imaginative teacher. It turned out the arrow belonged to Ekalaya. Ekalaya became angrier when he was told by his wife that Arjuna was in love with her and challenged Arjuna to a duel.id 46 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Innocently. The result was astonishing. When he met Ekalaya. Ekalaya turned very skillfull in shooting arrows just like Arjuna. Durna was surprised when Arjuna told him about Ekalaya. Ekalaya learned how to shoot arrows by himself. Ekalaya said he was Durna's student.co. His strong will to study from Durna influenced him go to the forest and create a statue of Durna as a symbol of Durna's presence.Writing In this section. who was hunting in the forest. Ekalaya wanted to study with Durna but was rejected. write main ideas and its supporting ideas. write narrative texts. Angry and disappoin ted.

main idea is commonly placed at the beginning of the paragraph. I'm Sorry to Hear That 47 .1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Activity 3 Study the following explanation. Supporting ideas: • The students were the children of Hastina Kingdom. A paragraph has a main idea and its supporting ideas. Main idea: Durna taught the art of archery. • There was a young man who watched the practice. In English. The ideas above are developed into the first paragraph of the text entitled Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap. It will guide you in writing a story. Look at the following example.

Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales Activity 5 Compare the stories in Activity 4. "I'm the best blacksmith in this town!" he said. decide its main idea and supporting ideas. The old man held the sword in his hand and swung it several times. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales before buying it. With pride the blacksmith showed a large and shimmering sword. He was not the best blacksmith. the wife instructed him to test the bowl by filling it with some water and to try the hat on Story B In a blacksmith store. Worried that he would be cheated. "It's a nice sword but the handle isn't very comfortable. The sword broke instantly. But the silly man got the instructions mixed up. Then. The blacksmith realised that the old man was right. I bet that it'll break even when you try to cut wood with it. 48 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the wife of a foolish man sent him to buy an earthen bowl and a horsehair hat. Which one is it? Story A This made the store owner so angry that he gave him a few blows. Rewrite the Story A so that the sentences are in the right order. destroying it. He decided to improve his skill in making swords by learning from other people." The blacksmith was very furious. the silly man had not only to pay for the damaged goods but also to return home empty-handed. One of the stories does not make sense because the sentences are not in the right order. In the end.Activity 4 Study the following stories. one day an old man walked in and asked the blacksmith to show him his best sword. One day. But the old man's words kept ringing in his ears. And he poured water into the hat. breaking the bowl in the process. You can use Story B as an example. He tried to fit the bowl onto his head. So he immediately tried to cut some wood with the sword.

Taken from Kancil and Cucumber. • He was very angry with human beings. I'm Sorry to Hear That 49 . • The owner of the farm trapped Sang Kancil and put him inside a strong cage. • The dog let Sang Kancil walk out and entered the cage.Activity 6 Develop a paragraph from the following outline. Supporting ideas: • Sang Kancil's parents and brother were killed by a cruel hunter. • Sang Kancil offered the dog to take the place of him. • One day he stole cucumbers from a farm. 1. Here are some ideas to inspire you. A Greedy Child 2. Then. You are free to choose them or make your own ideas. • Sang Kancil told the farmer's dog that the farmer would let him marry his daughter. 1994 Your Project Write a main idea and its supporting ideas. develop them into a short story. especially hunters. The Legend of (certain place) Main idea: In a very big forest there was a very clever and cunning animal called Sang Kancil.

• It's really a great pleasure. identify ideational meanings and information in a narrative text. What is your favourite story? Write and tell it to your friends. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. . Expressions of giving attention (affection) • Are you OK? • What's wrong with you? c. 50 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . and affection. perform a monologue of narrative texts. 6. What will you say to show affection to someone? 3. Expressions of showing sympathy • I'm sorry to hear that. Identify the structure of the text. Now. for better or for worse. 4. . sympathy and affection. What will you say when you are happy? 2. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. write a recount text. b. 8.Chapter Summary 1. respond to narrative texts. Language Functions a. What will you say to show sympathy to someone? 4. 2.Resolution : the crisis is resolved. sympathy. express happiness. If you find some difficulties. Genre Narrative Social Function : to amuse. answer the questions: 1. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Expressions of happiness • I am delighted. identify the structure of a narrative text. Generic Structure . • You have my sincere condolences. 3. 2. 7.Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants. you are expected to be able to: 1.Complication : a crisis arises. respond to expressions for showing happiness.

Chapter 3 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Would You Like to Come? In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Responding to instructions Using expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Performing a monologue of a procedure text Speaking: Reading: • • • • Identifying the structure of a procedure text Reading procedure texts Writing short instructions Writing procedure texts Writing: 51 .

2. Source: CD Images 1. respond to oral instructions. 1. Activity 1 Look at the picture and study it.Listening In this section. accepting and declining an invitation. What kind of card is this? Have you ever been invited by someone? What do you say if you want to invite someone? What do you say if you want to accept an invitation? What do you say if you want to decline an invitation? What do you say when someone makes an appointment with you? What do you feel when someone cancels his/her appointment? What will you say to him/her? Activity 2 Listen to the following short dialog and answer the questions. Then. 4. 7. 6. 8. Where or when would you find this situation? 2. How does Susi respond to Doni's invitation? 52 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What does Doni say to Susi? 3. respond to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. 5. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expressions of making. answer the questions. 3.

Would You Like to Come? 53 . Picture your guests smiling when they read your letter of invitation. Dialogue 2 Dr. in anticipation of a pleasurable occasion. I'd like to. 9. decide. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow's holiday? Rita : Too bad. who always sees him for general check up. Mr Andre Posuma. He had a friend.Activity 3 You will hear these expressions. but I can't come. On the way home. How about tomorrow morning? Thank you for asking me. I don't think I can come to your party. 1. One day. but I've got an exam tomorrow. novels. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. Then find any possible responses to each expression. I'll decide to come or not. Then. Dialogue 1 Englishclub. I'll be at your house at 8. They enjoy reading stories. great. 2. Rita : Wow. his friend calls him. 7.com The tone of an invitation is always positive. 8.00 in the morning. it won't surprise you. 3. Thank you very much.com Arief and Rita are fond of literature. For further tips visit to invite someone www. Irwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. write. won't you? Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. and watching drama. Clever phrasing. 1 ? Rita : Really? Tell me. I'd love to. 2 ? 3 Rita : . but you should express the details clearly. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now.express. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? I'll promise I'll be there. poetry or a themed approach may be appropriate for an informal occasion. 6. Arief and Rita have a chat. 10. 4. I have nothing to do. Now. 5. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? You will come to my birthday. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you heard. please. I'm very sorry.

Can I help you? : I'd like to have a general check up. Fauzi. : My family is going to have a kambing guling party tonight. Kambing guling is my favourite food. I will attend a meeting. : Hi Andre. 4 . It's me. Andrea. Mega Siti Mega Siti Ina Rini : Why don't you go shopping with me? : . What time shall we go? : At 8:00 a.m. It has been two months since my last visit to you. Ahmad : I plan to go to the National Library this afternoon. This is Andre. Ten minutes later. 7 : Well . : See you.Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. : . I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. Activity 5 Complete the following dialogues with the expressions of invitation and appointment. . Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. Then. Thus is about our appointment. : 5 . actually. Work in pairs. 3. We can meet next time. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. Bye. : . : Alright. : Bye. : What's wrong? : Hmm. : OK. Rudi : . 6 . . 54 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . See you. 1. 2. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. Fauzi.

Lina is reading a book in the city park. A girl : Excuse me.. Santi : Hi. 3. 3 . Then. 6 . (Lina takes the sandwich. 1. playing tennis playing chess having lunch with the family going to the theatre joining you for having lunch Activity 7 Listen to the following dialogue and fill in the blank spaces. By the way. Lina : 4 how to make this sandwich? 5 Fany : OK. my name is Lina. Lina continues her reading. Would You Like to Come? 55 . Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. 2 ? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. 1 .) It's very delicious. Fany. Lina : It's very simple. I think . place the slices on one piece of the bread. Finally. Compare your answers to your friends'. cut cheese into slices. take two pieces of bread.. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. Make appointment and invitation then accept each of them. Lina : No. Fany : That's OK. The girl : I brought some sandwiches.Activity 6 Create dialogues based on the following situations. Nice to meet you too. After a long silence. The girl : I'm Fanny. put the other piece 7 . 4. 5. 8 I'm late. . 2. Spread butter on each piece. There is someone approaching her. She interrupts them. the girl offers something.

.. you can now blow . Then. 56 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. You will need: • a square piece of paper • a pencil with a rubber on the end • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape • a drawing pin 1 2 3 4 Source: Childcraft: Make and Do.. After that. fold over each point ... 5. draw two lines ... Next. cut inwards . 1996 Instructions: 1..... Match the following titles with the correct steps..Activity 8 You will hear some steps of making something. push the drawing pin . Finally. Follow the teacher's instructions to make a pinwheel. 1 How to Make a Cup of Tea 2 How to Boil an Egg 3 How to Make a Cheese Sandwich Activity 9 Provide the following materials. First.. 3. 4. 2..

Things That Happen Activity 11 Listen to your teacher's instructions and do the following tasks. 2. 1999 Would You Like to Come? 57 . What kind of coffee is the speaker talking about? Copy the following table in your workbook. you will make a whale. 3. Things You Do 1. list the stages involved in making the coffee.Activity 10 You will hear your teacher giving instructions for making coffee. 1. By seeing the pictures below. After listening. answer the questions. a pencil. 5. and scissors. Source: The World Almanac for Kids 2000. Making a Whale from a Sheet of Paper You will need a sheet of paper. Then. a ruler. 2. Listen carefully to your teacher's instruction. 3. 1. 4. 4. 2. Your teacher will guide you to fold the paper step by step. 5.

5. When and where do you usually hear those expressions? Are all those expressions used for invitations? Which do you think are not expressions of invitation? How are they different? Activity 2 Now look at the sentences below and decide if the person is making an invitation or just being friendly. Just wait for me. 1. you will learn how to: • • • use expressions of making. 2. accepting and declining an invitation. Activity 1 Read and study the following expressions and answer the questions. 4. 58 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What about tomorrow tonight. I'll be free at that time. It's my birthday on Friday. perform a monologue of procedure texts. use expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. 2. we're having a party on Friday. Let's go jogging sometime. Will you like to come? Let's get together for lunch soon. 3. 4. How about going to the theatre on Saturday night? Please stop by our house sometime. Can you come? Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon? I'll be there on time. Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night? Please come over for a drink sometime.Speaking In this section. Hey. 3. 1.

Then act them out with your friends. Dialogue 2 Robi invites Sandra to go to a movie. how about tomorrow night? Are you still busy? Ira : I guess not. would you like to go to a concert? Ira : Sure. Then identify the expressions of making an appointment. ask for one's agreement (UAN 2003) X Activity 4 59 . Would you like to go to the movie with me? Sandra : Of course. Mrs Lita Sugiarto wants to get more information about a programme at a Smoking Clinic.30. There will be a great film tonight. thanks. that's great. I'd love to. It's about Nasreddin. invite someone to go d. Be ready.. Rin.. I need further information about your quitting smoking programme in the Smoking Clinic. She calls the Clinic to make an appointment. Dialogue 1 Ira : Hello? Ari : Hi. Ari : Well. how've you been? Ari : Alright. Mrs Sugiarto : Alright. Say. a. Ira! This is Ari. When will you pick me up? Robi : I'll pick you up at 7. I'd love to! Ari : That's settled then. Sandra : OK. I'd love to. Sandra. can I help you? Mrs Sugiarto : Yes. would you like to go out tonight? Ira : Sorry. The italicised sentence is used to . Receptionist : The Clinic will gladly inform you about the programme.Activity 3 Read and study these dialogues. Robi : Hi. When should I come? Would You Like to Come? UN Shot : Hi. Read and practise another dialogue. But you have to come to the clinic. decline an invitation b. I have many matters to settle down. ask for permission e. accept an invitation c.. Ira : Hi. Ari : Well. I can't. Receptionist : Smoking Clinic. Would you accompany me to the book store? Y : Oh.

.. Thank you very much for inviting me.. Mrs Lina Sugiarto.. Receptionist : You're welcome.. Formal Situation Inviting • • • Would you like to . • • Informal Situation Inviting • • • • • Why don't you come to ... declining an invitation and an appointment.. Come and . Declining an Invitation • • • • • I'm very sorry. Would you care to ... You'll meet Dr Ali Wardana Tomorrow at 9 p...Receptionist : How about tomorrow at 9 p....m. but ...? Dr. You will . That would be very nice. but . All right (then)...m. Like to come to . Bye. What a delightful idea.. What to Say Study the following expressions of inviting.. Unfortunately... Mrs Sugiarto : Thank you.. won't you? • • • • • Accepting an Invitation That's very kind of you. OK! I'd like to love to come. I'm afraid I've already promised .. Thank you for asking me.... Receptionist : Alright. I'd very much like you to ..... Ali Wardana will be available for consultation about the programme.. Bye. I don't think I can..... I can't . We should be pleased/delighted if you could .... I don't think I can... but . I wish I could. You must come to . but .. We'd very much like to .. 60 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ... • • • • • Accepting an Invitation I would/will . I'd love to. Mrs Sugiarto : I'II be there. I'd like to. I can't... Receptionist : Can I have your name please? Mrs Sugiarto : Lita Sugiarto. With the greatest pleasure... Declining an Invitation • • • • Sorry.. accepting. L-I-T-A. Shall we come to ...

Invite this people to your party. See you. as he doesn't know anybody. See you then. You accept. You refuse. 1. By the way. OK. I'm so sorry I can't make it. He doesn't want to accept. ? Sure. this weekend is my special day.. You make an appointment with your classmates to study together at the library. Activity 5 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue using the expressions of making appointment and invitation. 3.Making an Appointment • • Accepting an Appointment I'll come I promise. ? Well. I don't have any plans at this moment.. 2. How about tomorrow • morning? • Let's meet at . Activity 6 Make your own dialogue and act out these situations using the expressions you have learned. You are at school. but invite him/her for going to a theatre on Saturday night. Thank you very much Wendy. o'clock. Oh really? Thank you Wendy. good. Then your cousin invites you out at the same night. You're welcome. A colleague invites you to have a dinner. I'll promise I'll be there. 4. Wendy. 6. Would You Like to Come? 61 . I'll be there. 5. She/he promises that she/he will come. Persuade him to come. You invite a new student to join the party. He declines because he is busy. You'll have a graduation party this evening. for a little party at my house this weekend. Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy Rendy Wendy Rendy Wendy : : : : : Hi. I don't think I can make it. Then act it out in front of the class. The headmaster. I'll help you. Bye. Oh. . Cancelling an Appointment • • Sorry. He/She accepts. He accepts it. The senior teacher.

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • tablespoons shallots leaves chilies cloves seeds bread crumbs fritters pieces vegetables minutes tomatoes onions peppers quarters 62 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. Do you like instant noodles? How often do you eat instant noodles? Do you prepare your instant noodles by yourself? How do you prepare your instant noodles? Here are some words to help you.Activity 7 Answer the questions orally. 2. Decide whether they have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound or a /z/ sound. 1. put (v) water (n) heat (v) noodles (n) pour (v) minute (n) add (v) empty (n) stir glass boiling chilli sauce (v) (n) (adj) (n) v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. 4.

Activity 8 Read the following recipes. salt and a pan with a lid. Example: Ismail : I'm going to tell you how to cook rice. Sally wants to know how to cook spiced chicken and how to barbecue lamb. Sally : And what do you do after that? Emily : . Pay attention to your expressions in giving instructions. Cover them with barbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. What do I need? Ismail : You will need two cups of water. a cup of rice. Sally : Then. what do you do? Emily : . How to Barbecue Lamb • • • • Cut the meat into small cubes. Add water and cook it slowly for about forty minutes. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. And then what should I do? Would You Like to Come? 63 . Activity 10 Study the following dialogue. Cut the chicken into small pieces. Now make a dialog to tell your friends how to cook the dishes. Emily : . make a dialogue about how to make tomato soup and to make egg and lemon soup just like the examples. Use the following model. Then. Activity 9 Work in pairs and read the instructions in Activity 8. Fry with vegetables for five minutes. Yudi : Good. How to Cook Spiced Chicken • • • • Clean the chicken. pepper and spices. Sprinkle it with salt. Sally : How do you . Yudi : All right. onions and green peppers into quarters. Cut up the tomatoes.

3 pints chicken stock • juice of 2 lemon 3 oz rice • salt and pepper 4 eggs. Well. Use butter instead of vegetable oil. salt and pepper. 2. Add three tablespoons of stock to the mixture and stir.) 64 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . wash the rice in cold water. Then. 4. You need to provide 4 large tomatoes. Stir this mixture into the remaining stock in pan. turn down the heat. 3. 7. Egg and Lemon Soup • • • 1. Add rice and cook on low heat for fifteen minutes. 3. small clove garlic. ½ teaspoon of salt. you heat the pan without the lid on until the water boils. 5. fry them in a pan for five minutes. Tomato Soup • • • • 1. spices. cut tomatoes. 5. Mix together egg and lemon juice. When it has boiled. 8 cups of water. well beaten Put stock into a pan and heat until boiling. (Continue with your own words. 1 small onion. and garlic into small pieces. Be careful with the knife. Cook gently for one hour. Next. Fry them in a pan with butter for five minutes. 2. onions. and garlic into small pieces. put the lid on and cook it for about fifteen minutes. Cook gently for three minutes. ¼ teaspoon of butter. Here is the example of how you tell them about it. Tell the class about it. Then. put the rice in the pan and add the water and the salt. Activity 11 Choose your favourite food. first of all. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. 4 large tomatoes • spices 1 small onion • ½ teaspoon of salt 8 cups of water • ¼ teaspoon of pepper small clove garlic • ¼ teaspoon of butter Cut tomatoes. ¼ teaspoon of pepper.Ismail : First. 6. onions. Add a little of salt and pepper. 4. spices. Let me tell you how to make tomato soup. Add water. Heat until the water boils.

2. How many students were involved in the survey? How many students rely on their friends? What percentage of students read the manual when they find a problem with their gadgets? What is the most popular way to solve the problem with gadgets? Would You Like to Come? 65 . 3. 4. Ways to show the problems with gadget Read the manual 26 Ask a friend 28 Ask the vendor Write a letter on the problem to an electronics magazine 0 5 17 12 10 15 20 25 30 1. read a monologue in the form of procedure text.Reading In this section. 2. 1. you will learn how to: • • • identify meaning and information in a procedure texts. Have you ever been instructed to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Have you instructed someone to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Activity 2 Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 4. identify the structure of a procedure text. 3.

This structure is appropriately applied in a recipe. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. the materials needed part sometimes is not applicable. 3. The structure of procedure texts generally consists of three parts. first pull up the oscillating pin. push the pin on top of the motor. 1. What do we do first to operate a fan? How can we change the speed of the fan? What do we do to make it move sideways? How do we make it go up and down? Method of Steps 3. To move the fan up or down. To change the speed of the fan. How to operate a fan 1. 4.Activity 3 Goal Read the following instructions and answer the questions. (AC 120 Volts 60 HZ) To make the fan move sideways. Pay attention to the structure of the text. 2. 4. press one of the switches at the bottom. 2. namely goal. materials needed and methods or steps. then press the tilt adjustment knob. Bregedel Tempe (Tempe Fritters) • • • • • • 150 g tempe 2 tablespoons fried shallots 3 kaffir lime leaves 1 tablespoon flour 1 egg 1 cup vegetable oil for frying 66 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . In a how–to–text. Activity 4 Now read another text and identify the structure of the text.

7. seeds removed • 3 small chilies • 2 red shallots • 2 cloves garlic • 1/2 teaspoon chopped galangal • 1 candle nut • 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/4 teaspoon shrimp paste 1. 10. The information is presented in a logical sequence of events which is broken up into small sequenced steps. 12. Heat the vegetable oil in a wok over a medium flame. grease knuckle mix blend oven fold margarine Would You Like to Come? 67 . 8. 5.ac Spice paste: • 3 large chilies. 4. 2. five or six at a time. drop the fritters into the oil. unitecnology. When the oil is hot. 14. These texts are usually written in the present tense. Grind the spices in a mortar and pestle or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend to a smooth paste. 6. 2. Shape the tempe into fritters the size of a golf ball and flatten a little with a fork. 1. 3. instruction procedure recipe ingredients knead roll out sprinkle press 9. Taken from The Jakarta Post. followed by the egg. 13. May 2. 5.New Horizon The purpose procedural text is to tell the reader how to do or make something. 11. drain on absorbent paper and serve hot with rice. 3. Source: www. Pay attention to your pronunciation.english. Stir in the flour. Fry until golden brown on both sides. 15. 2004 Activity 5 Pronounce the following words and find their meaning. fried shallots and lime leaves. 6. Mash the tempe with a fork or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend until it resembles coarse bread crumbs. The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe. Put the mashed tempe in a bowl and mix with the spice paste. 4.

Before give an unusual gifts. a day at the spa. craft shops. c. Anywhere. a rare print b. Visit art supply stores. try these tips to find something unusual as your gifts. giving gifts may be important for certain special moments. a unique furniture d. especially when you were on a trip. famous Where may we look for unusual gifts? a. Look for gifts wherever you find yourself. Use the Internet. Unusual or even weird gifts would leave a sweet memory for us and the recipient. 3. or romantic dinner will be a nice welcome gift. 2. The picture frame that you bought in Bali might provide the perfect background for showing off the portrait of the recipient. How to Find Unusual Gifts Giving gifts is a well-known way to show our attention toward somebody else. So. In the internet. Moreover. a photo frame c.com 1. In an auction. Follow links until you find what you want. Combine one or two things for a spectacular effect. it is suggested that we give … first a. In the craft shop. Give a welcome service. weird c. Adapted www. great b. special d. a welcome service 68 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . costume makeovers. From a bazaar in Bandung to a tag sale in Berlin. art galleries and factory stores for ideas. d. out-of-print books or antiques in the auction. Come to a handicrafts store and talk to the people that make unique pieces. Track down items such as rare prints. The word well-known in the first line means …. A massage.howabout. a. b.Activity 6 Read the following text and choose the correct answer to the questions that follow.

(command) "Help me. sweet c." asked the mother. We use "don't" or "do not" before verbs to state a prohibition. a. • Texts that deal with human behaviour eg how to live happily. complete our collections c. The word in the text that means not too many is …. unitecnology. "Don't hurry. e. a. Do be quiet." said mother. e. but could also express irritation. "Plug the power cord into a wall outlet.g." the teacher told the pupils. 3. the tape recorder. Would You Like to Come? 69 .ac Grammar Review Imperatives Study the following sentences. "Stand up. how to succeed. get the recipient attention d. "Press the stop button. a. the photocopier.4. (request) • Imperative sentences can be used in negative form. The word "do" could be persuasive. b. rules for games. You press the stop button." said David. celebrate special moments Englishclub.g." said the teacher. how to use the video." 2. • In imperative sentences we can use the word "do" before verbs. For further Information visit www. recipes. "Make sure the car is in neutral. a. rare b. Dian told Andi. Do come on time. You plug the power cord into a wall outlet. b." said father. make us unusual b. road safety rules.english.g. b. 1. unique d. important Giving gifts may be important to ….g. It functions as prohibition.com There are different procedural texts for different purposes: • Texts that explain how something works or how to use instruction / operation manuals e. • Imperatives or imperative sentences are used to give command or to make a request. • Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity e. science experiments. "Don't be noisy. the fax.g. You make sure the car is in neutral. 5. e. a. the computer.

5. 8. What will Mr Andre's wife say to him? 2. Report it to the class. 1. You are still sleeping when your mother comes into your bedroom. What will your father say? Mr Andre never comes on time. 3. 6. cut sprinkle add chop slice pour put heat stir bake Activity 9 Find a recipe or manual instruction from a newspaper. What will your father say? It is 6 a. What will your uncle say? Your teacher will not come into the classroom because it is very dirty. 7. He cannot concentrate his mind well. 3. 10.m. 1. 5.Activity 7 Make imperative sentences based on the situations given. Then identify the imperative sentences on it. Your uncle is writing a novel. 9. magazine or in the internet. The volume of the television is too loud. 2. He always late although his wife often warns him. 70 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 8 Make imperative sentences using the following verbs related to cooking. 4. What will he/she say? There is no sugar in the kitchen. 4.

write procedure texts. 2. you will learn how to: • • • write a simple instruction. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. • • • • • • • • next butter roast first pour finally milk then • • • • • • • • chocolate remove sprinkle garnish knead boil braise sugar • • • • • • cheese flour mix add egg after that Material butter Method remove Sentence Connectors first Would You Like to Come? 71 . 3. 1. Have you ever written a recipe taken from a magazine or newspaper? What should you write on a recipe? What kind of information do we usually get from recipes? Are recipes important in our life? Why? Activity 2 Classify these words into their categories in the following table.Writing In this section. arrange an instruction into a good order of procedure text. 4.

add it to the meat and the vegetables.Activity 3 Rearrange this jumbled text. garlic. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. cook the rice in another pan. if you like. vegetables. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top of the rice. • Then. • Now. 72 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • At the same time. • Stir the mixture and add salt. • Finally. you can break in two or three eggs. The pictures will help you to arrange it. tomatoes and cucumber. pepper and other spices. meat and eggs. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. Do it in pairs. • First. • To make fried rice. 1 2 3 4 5 6 How to Prepare Fried Rice • When the rice is cooked. • The best vegetables to use are onions. you will need some rice.

It contains nine mistakes. From the tail meat. before you sit down to enjoy your meal. How to record on the cassette player /How to use a recorder Then you put in the tape on it. remove the black vein. • • • • • • Activity 6 Now write one of the instructions based on the following procedures. c. break open the claws with a nutcracker and remove the meat. Well. After these twisted off. first you have to plug in the cord. e. Activity 5 Work in groups and arrange the following text into appropriate order. You must also twist off the flippers at end of tail section. use your fingers to push the lobster meat out of the tail in one piece. Work individually. First. Rewrite the corrected paragraph. How to use a washing machine How to operate a computer How to use ATM machine How to open an account at a bank How to use a VCD/DVD player Would You Like to Come? 73 . d. Finally. Find the errors and correct them. It is not difficult remove the shell from a lobster if you follow these step. Next. Rewrite it using your own words. And then tested the voice level recorder. Then you can begin to record it. b. After that. a. After that you connected the Finally pressed down the record and play button microphone.Activity 4 Study the following paragraph. you should to put the lobster on it's back and remove the two large claws and tail section.

Language Functions Expressions of invitation • Lets . 7. respond to oral instructions. • I'm sorry I can't make it. Declining an appointment • Sorry.. Generic structure . 4. invite someone. .... respond to invitation. respond to expressions for an appointment. Write the method or steps clearly.. Genre Procedure Social function : to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. Write a recipe of your favourite food. I don't think I can make it. answer the questions: 1. • Join me. How do you make an appointment and cancel it? 3. 6. What will you say to accept someone's invitation? 2. 74 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . consult your teacher or discuss with your friends.Chapter Summary 1. perform a monologue of procedural texts. 2. make and cancel an appointment. 3. • Will you come with . identify the structure of procedural texts.Steps (a series of steps oriented to achieving the goal) 2.. write an instruction or procedural text. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. 8. If you find some difficulties. you are expected to be able to: 1. • I'll be there. What should be included in a procedural text? 4.Materials (not required for all procedural texts) . Accepting an appointment • I'll come I promise.Goal. Now.

Three tins. a. a. b. The man losing his money. 10. Seoul. £50. A. I'd love to. Two steps. What could the manager do? a. Good morning. Who was shouting? a. b. d. The manager could call the police. giving help Questions 6-10 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. b. Five tins. 11. Here they are. 7. b. Good evening. choose the best answer. Four steps. a. Who said that there was still some honesty in the world? a. d. c. The manager could help the man who lost his money. c. c. Then. d. b. £15. Where does the story take place? a. How much money that the character "I" lost? a. c. I'm fine. 2. b. b. d. Here is it. The girl. Beijing. 6. Where was the landowner from? a. c. Five steps. d. d. d. Three steps. d. thank you. The manager. Inside the gentleman's room. The farmer's oldest son. Countryside. b. c. 3. Restaurant manager's office. 75 . Inside the waitress' room. b. 1. Inside the manager's room. Thanks anyway. Two tins. The landowner.Review 1 The manager could give back the money d. The farmer's youngest son. Hotel lobby. £5. gratitude c. Good night. Questions 13-17 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Outside the gentleman's room. Four tins. 13. c. d. a. Hotel manager's office. 14. c. How nice to see you. How do you do. The hotel owner. 9. d. Here it is. Questions 11–12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Listening Listen carefully to answer the questions. 5. d. How many cans are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. b. c. It is here. The manager could do nothing. How many steps are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. 4. £150. c. Tokyo. invitation d. Bank manager's office. b. I won't say no. 8. You are going to hear several short dialogues. offering b. c. b. Good afternoon. c. 12. c. Sorry I can't. Where did the girl find the money? a. The landowner's youngest son. d. a. Nice to meet you. b.

b. This takes half a minute. with salt and tissue–paper. or butter and best lard. d. His stomach couldn't take any more food. This is easy if we fold over and pin down with two or three fork-pricks about an inch and-a-half 76 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Then. This takes about two minutes. Meanwhile. b. to the size of the omelette." a. it is fatal to beat too long. Because he wanted to eat live chicken. How did the landowner tell the farmer that he had enough food? a. He was not hungry. letting it spread evenly over the frying–pan. c. B. Because he wanted to eat the boiled chicken. we fold it. d. d. With a fork or palette-knife (a fork seems to work particularly well) we loosen the edges of the omelette all round and. in other words. tin or enamel.15. keeping as calm as we possibly can. Because he didn't want to eat the boiled chicken. Angrily. b. Harshly. All this is a swift business. when hot. over a quick flame for a minute or two. not the whisk. taking care always to move towards the middle. The fryingpan must be made of iron. Because he didn't want the landowner to stop eating the boiled chicken. For three portions. Why did the landowner ask the servant to clear the table? a. and we may well feel a few extra heart–beats and a little breath lessness at that moment. We beat this lightly with a fork or the wire–broom. namely that the frying-pan must never be washed with water but rubbed. Making an Omelette This is the way an omelette should be made. our fryingpan is getting hot. Questions 18–24 are based on this text. once or twice. Why did the boy shout "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. 17. in the middle. as this is the only way to prevent sticking. until large bubbles form on the top. And here I feel I must stress a point essential to what might be called the background of omelette-making. we take six eggs. The flame is now turned down a little. Because he thought he had been served a long-dead chicken. 16. He wanted the table to be cleaned. until it gives no more froth and has turned light golden. break them into a bowl. not too hot. season them with salt and freshly ground pepper. not of aluminium. It is important that the fryingpan should be proportionate to the number of eggs. letting the liquid flow into the empty spaces. and add a good teaspoonful of water. Politely. and we drop in an ounce and a half of butter. c. c. Rudely. We give our egg-mixture another stir and pour it into the fan. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions.

No. Taken from www. 24. An omelette made in France. Washing with salt and paper. What is important about the frying– pan? a. Lia : Do you have a new magazine? Ani : Yes. Then. How are you? c. as the classical French term says. d. here are they Eka : to my friend. c. 23. 21. a. c. c. Our omelette should be golden brown outside and wet inside: baveuse. d. When the frying-pan is getting hot. it is quite easy to roll it into shape. b. It is better than beating it for too short a time. Let me introduce you Heldy : How do you do? My name is Heldy.com 18. we feel impatient c. d. It should never be a small one. Rubbing with hot salt and tissue–paper. a. here is it d. It should never be a very flat one. d. You are introduced c. The states of an omelette. we feel relaxed d. When the flame gives no more froth. 25. c. Which of the following frying–pan is among those mentioned by the writer? a. One made of tin 20. Yes. Is it a good thing to beat the omelette too long? a. we feel tired b. A soon as the flame is light golden. Review 1 77 . Good morning. It doesn't matter. 22. I'll introduce b. 26. b. . We may well feel a few extra heart– beats because . How do you do? d. we're in a rush What does the word baveuse mean? a. b. here it is b. When should we pour in the egg mixture? a. The shape of an omelette. d. d. b. 19. It's very interesting. It should never be too small to hold the eggs. Won't you introduce d. b. b. This last touch makes all the difference. b. One made of iron. 27. c. Ferry : I am Ferry. Let me introduce myself. Dedy : How do you do? Reni : How do you do? a. One made of aluminium and enamel. Rubbing with salt and paper. The size of an omelette. It is then slid on to a hot plate and its surface made shiny with a little butter. It should be the same size as the omelette.recipetips. When the butter is a different shade. c. Rubbing with hot water.of the omelette along one side. One made of aluminium. here they are c. What is the only way to prevent sticking? a. a. Dedy.

d. or the. happiness.28. I go to the cinema b. he 33. Sorry. they 34. b. Did come on time. d. that would be very nice. Why? a. Hanny. but I'm very busy. I her a bunch of roses this morning. c. I'll fetch you at 8 p. Sure. d. Do come on time. (put) the books in their previous place. Thanks. Jane : Where did you go last night? Frank : . : Do you think our teacher will come? B : Yes. Thanks a lot. I went to the cinema c. 39. Yesterday. himself c. Who are ? a. but some other time. C. The teacher asks a student to come to school on time. a. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of verb. Dudi does his homework by a. gave c. gratitude. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instruction. she books all day along. him b. Sania : I l o s t m y p u r s e t h i s morning. b. 43. 45. Evi : Will you come with me to the concert? Adi : . c. Teacher : Thanks for your help. 41. b. compliment. themselves b. Randy : What's wrong with you? You look unhappy today. 40. a. A 78 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I'd be unhappy to accept it. giving 32. 29. 35. She (buy) many books from Indonesian Book Fair two months ago. Student : . (shave) this morning 44. Yes. The underlined sentence expresses a. their d. c. Too bad it didn't work. A : Will you come along with me? B : Yes. maybe. a. Evi : Alright. sympathy. how awful! I'm so sorry. given b. I was going to the cinema 31. I did not because I was in a hurry.m. an. I . them c. b. Don't worry about it. I have gone to the cinema d. You did come on time. a. (read) the 42. Complete the following sentences using a. it didn't work out. They (kill) the villagers and (run away) to the jungle. I think . Look out of 36 window of 37 house you are in now you see such 38 beautiful view. give d. That's very kind of you. hisself d. Do you come on time? d. Randy : Oh. 30. c. You are entirely welcome. Use substitution form to fill in the blank spaces.

Chapter 4 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Congratulations! You Did It Very Well In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting Responding to narrative texts Congratulating and complimenting Performing a monologue of a narrative text Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures Writing narrative texts Speaking: Reading: Writing: 79 .

6. Repeat after him/her. you will learn how to: • respond to expressions for congratulating and complimenting. great charming fantastic congratulate terrific farewell achievements extremely Words Expressions You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific. 3. No. 8. 4. 3. 80 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 6. 5. 1. 8. • Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 5. 2. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. 7. respond to narrative texts.Listening In this section. 2. 4. 1. Have your ever got any achievements in your life? What was the best achievement you got? How did you feel when you got an achievement? How did people respond to your achievement? Did they congratulate you? What do you say when you want to congratulate someone? How do you respond to someone congratulations? What do you say when you want to compliment someone? How do you respond to someone compliment? Activity 2 Listen carefully to your teacher pronouncing the following words and expressions. 7.

3. b. too. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 81 . Desi : Thanks. On the way home. I can't believe it! That's terrific. It is nice to hear you. Thank you very much a. Desi : Hi. a. The best response is . a. By the way. ! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. 2. Desi. b. 4 right now.. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. b. a. thanks.. She congratulates and compliments Andi. Congratulations! You look great! Wow. Andi : 3 . 1. b. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you hear. I got the highest score for the test. Congratulations. Never mind. Congratulations on your success.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the correct response to the expressions you hear. a. b. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. 5. Andi. For example: You will hear : a. he meets Desi. his friend. I've got it. That's awful! Thanks anyway.. Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test. Andi. 4. b. It's my pleasure! The correct response is (b) Thank you very much. Congratulations! That's amazing. 1 ? Andi : I am fine. You know what? I have passed for the final test. Andi. that's fantastic! Thank you very much for your compliment. 2 today! I love your new hair style. You look great. 5 Desi : That's great.

You will hear "You're terrific/fantastic. listen to the tape carefully and respond to each expression you hear. 1. Congratulations" The possible response is "Thank you very much. discuss the following questions with your friends'. I know you are very smart. : Never mind Andi. Your teacher will tell you her/his favourite folklore. Now. It's my pleasure. I don't like it e. Sorry to hear that d. I guess it's just my luck. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. You look beautiful on it. 2.UN Shot Ina : What do you think of your new red dress? Eta : I am very satisfied with it. 2 . 82 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . For example: 1." The possible response is "Thanks for your compliment.. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : 1 what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. no. It's so difficult to do (UAN 2005) Desi Andi Desi : Wow. that's amazing. b. Andi. 6 ! 7 : your compliment. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. Joko : It's a 4 . Andi.." Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Your teacher will tell you some titles of folklore. It goes with my shoes." 2. Eta : Thank you. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. You are so kind. Ina : I think so. What is your favourite folklore? Tell the class about your favourite folklore. Desi. I dont' think so c. The next day. Riska : 3 ! We're happy for you. Andi : Oh. . a. Mention where they are from. You will hear "Well done.. Then.

4 Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales. and the walls are bigger. 6. The Witch was very happy. "my friend was right. It worked very fast. Who visited the witch? How was the witch's home? Which house was more beautiful? Did the witch realise that her house was ugly? Why did the witch go to the shop? Why did the witch not paint the upper part herself? Who helped the witch paint the upper part of her house? How long did the broom finish painting? Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 83 . the Witch her house and she said to herself. she said "Your house is ugly. My house is 2 than yours. I have to repaint it. 8. 1997 Activity 9 Answer the following questions based on the story you have completed. "Broom. turn into 9 and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and 10 to paint the upper walls. Then she 5 the shop and bought a can of paint. and in ten minutes all job was done. After lunch she 6 to paint. 3. 7. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. 2.Activity 8 Now. 5. When she looked around the room. one of the Witch's friends 1 to visit. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. 4. When she wanted to start the upper part she 8 that she couldn't reach it. That she got an idea." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and 3 . listen to the tape once again and complete the story. 1. In the afternoon she 7 the lower part of her house. and she worked very carefully. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. One morning.

e. What was the purpose of the text? a. c.Activity 10 Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the story you heard. Thanks to Odysseus's Idea. With the help of alcohol. With help from a wooden horse. d. c. A Greek Soldier. romances. Inform the reader about the Battle of Troy. They may include fairy stories. 4.english. unitechnology. historical narratives. Really happy d. A Greek King. e.ac 3. To Argue that the Greek had won the war. None of the above. d. b. Cautious How were the Romans beaten? a. ballads. They can be imaginary. 5. They scared the Romans c. adventure stories. c. d. mysteries. b. 84 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . To show how cunning the Greeks were. Defenseless e. horror stories. No Information. b. Persuade the reader to read Greek History. Drunk c. A horse. 2. They made the Romans drink b. fables. science fiction. Source: www. To describe Troy Who was Odysseus? a. New Horizon There are many types of narrative. How did the Greeks win the battle? a. e. slice of life. They tricked the Romans … in the form of a "Horse Statue" were overjoyed The underlined word means… a. Odysseus used the help of Gods d. myths and legends. factual or a combination of both. A Roman Soldier. personal experience. They destroyed the city gate e. 1. Really sad b. All of the above.

Your colleague is very fashionable and well dress. Mention some expressions of congratulating and giving complement. You say nice thing about your friends' dress. Your brother have got an award. What are they doing? 3. Your friend has just passed an important exam. What do you see in the picture? 2. Done! Thank you very much for your compliment. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. d. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions. 5. Match the following expressions into the appropriate situation. Activity 2 Expressions 1. 6. 3. perform a monologue of narrative texts. You give response to your friend compliment/ congratulation. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 85 . 2. b. you will learn how to: • • congratulate and compliment others. c. How do you congratulate anyone and give compliment in your culture? 4. g. 4. You compliment someone on their appearance. Situations a.Speaking In this section. What a nice dress! You look great! You're looking glamorous. f. On what occasions do people usually congratulate or compliment each other? 5. Congratulations! Well.

What a charming dress! That's a very nice coat! You look nice. Ussy. You are looking good. thanks. it's a must. What did you do to it? Not much. My compliments on your beautiful. Great job! Thanks.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues with your friends. Harsya. I really must express my admiration for your party. I like your hair style! You're terrific/fantastic. Oh. you are quite charming. What is the occasion? I just graduated at last grade on my English course. I had it paint with a brighter colour and add some new accessories. Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : 2. it's not necessary. What to Say Complimenting someone More Formal • • • • • • • • • • Less Formal May I say how elegant you look. Pandu. It looks a lot different. I just finished modifying it. Good idea. I f I may so. 1. would you like to try this cookies? Sure. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani : : : : : : : What a great Motorcycle you have. No. Thank you. 86 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Let's go celebrate it. it is. You mean this is the old motorcycle that you used to drive to school? Yes. I must congratulate you on being the smartest student.

: Activity 5 Create a dialogue based on the following situations using the expressions given in 'What to Say'. Your relative is going abroad for studying. I'd like to be the first to congratulate you on …. I won the race. 2. It was great to hear …. Discuss with your partner. Well done! Fantastic/terrific! Activity 4 Complete the dialogue with the expressions above. 1. 4. 2. 5 : : I just won first prize from a quiz. Congratulations on your …. 1. I must congratulate you. Your best friend has passed his exam and he gets a good mark. My father Just bought me a new MP3 player. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 87 . 3. Your brother has done excellent job.Congratulating someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • Please accept my warmest congratulations. 3. May I congratulate you on …. I've found a new job. 4. Your teacher is honoured with the "Teacher of the month" title. Congratulations! Congratulations on your …. Nina Abraham Rudi Rita Fuad Ratna Agus Ida Ahmad Narya : : : : : : : I've just got married.

Your friend gets selected as the best youth novelist. 2. Bobby : Congratulations! Dony : Thank you. 2. Your friend held a fantastic birthday party. 3. Don. Dony : Thank you. playing tennis 3. I heard that you got the best grades in this year exams. 4. Act out a dialogue based on one of the following situations. Choose one of them and act it out in front of the class. For example: Donny has passed his exams with flying colour and get the best ranking at his school. Don't forget to use the expressions you have learnt. Your friend is good at: 1. 1. 1. poetry reading Activity 7 Work in a group of two. Boby : Hi. Don. Dony's father : Well done. playing the piano 2. I'm very proud of you. Act out a dialogue based on one of these situations. Mom. story telling 4. Dony's mother : I'm glad to hear that. Activity 8 With your partner. Use the expressions of complimenting. Dad. 88 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . create a short dialogue based on the situations given. Your friend is elected as one of the finalists in Puteri Indonesia competition. Your partner becomes the best student in the class. Your friend gets the highest grades at school. didn't you? Dony : That's right. Use the expressions of congratulating. Your partner got a scholarship.Activity 6 Work in a group of three. playing chess 5.

The tiger prowled through the jungle till he came to the lion's den. Every creature from the aardvark to the zebra took part in the struggle to overthrow the lion or to repulse the tiger. and some fought for both." said the tiger. "What are we dying for?" someone asked the zebra. in my honour. 2004 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 89 . is king of beasts. "It will be a yellow moon with black stripes. sleepily. "We need a change. very like his father. "Leo. "The new order. one of whom." said the tiger. the lioness woke her mate. "The creatures are crying for a change." she said. the lion. some taking the side of the tiger and others the side of the lion. a male. and some fought whoever was nearest and some fought for the sake of fighting. "What are we fighting for?" someone asked the aardvark. "Come out. long live the king!" Inside the den." roared Leo and he charged out of the den to defend his crown against the pretender. All the beasts were dead except the tiger." The tigress listened but she could hear no crying." said the tigress as she went to look after her young. fevered and gibbous. "The old order. and his days were numbered and his time was ticking away. except that of her cubs." and greet the king of beasts! The king is dead. and some did not knot know which they were fighting for." he roared." said the zebra. When the moon rose. "What king?" he inquired. play the characters on this story and answer the questions that follow. had got an imaginary thorn in his paw. it shone upon a jungle in which nothing stirred except a macaw and a cockatoo. "The king of beasts. screaming in horror.Activity 9 Work in group." she said." she said. The Tiger Who Would Be King One morning the tiger woke up in the jungle and told his mate that he was king of beasts. "I'll be king of beasts by the time the moon rises." "Oh sure. All the animals of the jungle joined in. "I am the king of beasts. It was a terrible fight and it lasted until the setting of the sun. Taken from Readings to Remember. He was monarch of all he surveyed." said the aardvark. "The king is here to see you. but it didn't seem to mean anything.

Then act it out in front of the class. What did the tiger come to the lion's den for? 5. doesn't go to school anymore." said Evi happily. The headmaster is surprised to see the two students in his office. "Excuse me.1. Did the tiger and the lion fight for the crown? 6. "You are a very smart student. All payments are my responsibility" said the headmaster. May I study here without payment? My father cannot pay my school fee. If so. came to see her at home." continued Budi. not to me. it is not a good solution. "No . She has to stop studying because she cannot pay school fee. Were they on tiger's side or lion's? 8. How many characters are there in the story? Mention them." said Budi. the tiger or the lion? 9. . Because now he just stays at home after he has been laid off by the company. "Okay. Change the following text into dialogue. Why did the tiger tell his mate that he was king of beasts? 4. . "Why don't you go to school again?" asked Budi." asked Evi. "I am sorry. Who won the fight. Sir. her classmate. That's kind of you. "Our teachers asked me where you were. The Cleverest Student Evi." told Evi. At school they meet the headmaster in his office. Taken from English for SMA 2. Are you with me?" asked Budi. 2005 90 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Where did the story take place? 3." "Thank you very much. "What's up? What can I do for you?" asked the headmaster." told Evi. 2. "Oh. who is the cleverest student in the class. Were there any beasts survive the fight? 10. What do you think if I stop studying. I think it is not a serious problem. Did all the animals of the jungle join in the fight? 7. I'm glad you still want to study in this school. Budi. "I am sorry to hear that. Tomorrow you and I meet our headmaster to tell about this. you may not stop studying here. Now I have to stay at home because my father has stopped working at factory. What is the moral of the story? Activity 10 Work in group of three.

4. 1. Activity 1 Study the following picture and answer the questions orally. 5. reading and understanding narrative texts. identify the structure of narrative texts. horrible monster castle armour swords knight fought useless Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 91 .Reading In this section. 8. read and study the following words and find their meanings. 3. 7. 5. 2. 3. Activity 2 Before reading the story. 4. What is the picture about? Can you predict what the story is about? Do you have a favourite folklore? What is the title of the folklore? Tell the class about it. 1. you will learn how to: • • • identify factual meaning in the texts. 6. 2.

… Taken from Opportunities Elementary. A knight called Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. What happened to Grendel after he fought Beowulf? 6. He lived in Denmark. Beowulf went back to his country and became a king. He was king for fifty years. But one day. Were the king and his men succeed in killing Grendel? Why? 3. a dragon came to his country. When he came back. The monster came into the castle and killed a knight. What did Beowulf do about it? 92 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . he went to the King's castle. 1. The dragon was very big and breathed fire. Beowulf and his men took off their armour and put away their swords and went to sleep. The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their swords were useless. He was half-man and half-monster. It lived in a cave with treasure. What attacked the people in Beowulf's country? 10. What did Beowulf do to Grendel when he fought him? 5. Beowulf went to the lake. The knights were afraid and they did not want to fight the dragon.Activity 3 Read the following story aloud. there was a horrible monster called Grendel. In the morning. the king was very happy and he gave Beowulf presents and money. The Legend of Beowulf Once upon a time. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and died. King Beowulf was an old man but he put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. What did Grendel's mother do when she find out about her son's death? 7. One day. He killed Grendel's mother with a special sword. 2003 Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. Grendel's mother was very angry and the next night she went to the castle and killed a knight. How long did Beowulf become king? 9. and it attacked people. Who was half-man and half-monster? 2. That night. What did Beowulf use to kill Grendel's mother? 8. Why did Beowulf come to Denmark? 4.

as the most famed and talented of all birds. Beowulf killed Grendel and took the treasure. but sly. "They say you are sly and they say you are crazy." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 93 . "and share my lunch with me. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare. and scholar. who was neither crazy nor nearsighted. "but you must be nearsighted as well. as the shortest distance between two points. Activity 5 Read another story and identify its text structure in the table that follow. Any two points. "I recognize you. b.aesopfables. having carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot. 12." said the fox. c. Beowulf killed Grendel but he died. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit. his appetite appeased. I am the pioneer of flight. and began to tell about himself. but never least.11. But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case. Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest. but I am hungry and must go. perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak. "Bars may come and bars may go. I am the map maker. I wear black and I am unique. "I am sure you are. Provide reasons why you choose the option as the ending of the story." he concluded arrogantly. Decide how the story ends based on the following options: a. Grendel killed Beowulf and escaped. "Oh. every two points. and I fain would hear you tell about yourself. that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. Taken from www. but crow bars last forever." he said." said the fox. Last." "Tarry awhile. "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight. I am sure. geometricians. my flight is known to scientists and engineers. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom." said the crow quickly. and somewhere else. The Fox and the Crow A crow." The fox had read somewhere. and they are a dollar a hundred. now that I look more closely. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. and somewhere." And with this he trotted away into the woods." said the fox." said the crow. attracted the eye and nose of a fox.

as the most famed and talented of all birds Whereupon the crow tossed the cunning fox the crow's share of the cheese. 4. The story probably took place in the jungle. The crow's appetite appeased.Setting Characters Events Outcome Activity 6 Read and study the story in Activity 5 once again. Your Project Find a folklore that you know. 5. 5. 1. Then decide whether these statements are true or false. 6. The fox had read somewhere that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. 8. The fox said that the crows are sly and crazy. The fox recognise that the crow look more closely. 3. 3. The fox is really arrogant. Activity 7 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 5. 7. 2. 6. 7. retell it in front at the class. He is the map maker. 4. There are two main characters in the story. 8. Then. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. 1. Ask your parents or grand parents. How many characters are there in the story? Where did the story probably take place? Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow? Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him? Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch? What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch? Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted? What is the moral of the story? 94 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . You can do mini research in the library. 2.

m. we wish to thank all the entrants who participated in our contest this year and congratulations to our winners! Taken from www. September 29 from 2 to 5 p.org Topic: Event: Organizer: Winners: Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 95 . Announcement The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association is pleased to announce the finalists of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. Then complete the from that follow based on the announcement.canauthorsniagara. Our top ten winners are: First Prize Colette Maitland "Until Death Do We Part" Second Prize Ruth Taylor "At the Corner of Petapa and Thirty-first" Third Prize Alison McCabe "Until Recently" " Once again. This gala event will feature readings by this year's winning contestants as well as refreshments. We will also be offering copies of our anthology for sale at that time. We would like to thank each and every one of our entrants for making our contest such an ongoing success! We will be officially launching our latest edition of Ten Stories High in the Mills Room at the Public Library on Saturday. The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association wishes to congratulate the winners of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition.Activity 8 Read and study the announcement.

to belived e. 4. 4. Passive voice is used when it is not important to know exactly who performs an action. 5. we do not have to put them in the object of passive sentence. She writes the beautiful story of prince and princesses. to be descendant from dinosaurs. are belived (UAN 2004) Activity 9 Change the following sentences into passive voice. 1. 5.. 2. and sweets at the top of the pyramid. Vitamins must be supplied in a person's daily diet. The form of passive is: be + past participle. Some of the verbs cannot be changed into passive form such as happen. UN Shot Komodo . the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. 2.Grammar Review Passive Voice Study the following sentences. The pipe was replaced by the plumber. come. In passive voice. 3. sleep. My brother buys me this new computer game. etc. The play was written by Shakespeare. Fewer foods should be chosen from the meat and dairy groups in the middle. Even fewer foods should be chosen from the fats. The firefighters helps a family from being trapped in a ruin. 96 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The sentences above use passive voice. they belive b. a. 1. A fire melts the wax statue at the House of Wax. 3. If the subject of an active sentence is someone or the people. oils. to belive c. belived d. The cameraman takes the President's several times..

Finally. But. "Oh. "Wait! Come back! I may not be able to do everything I want to do. "Do you mean that you are chained up at night? If I come to live with you. and I have a warm place to sleep. as they were walking.Activity 10 Read another story and identify its moral values.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 97 . "But. I think I will surely die." "Chained up!" cried the wolf. With hardly enough energy to walk." After saying this." Then why not join us? Asked the dog. but I'm healthy. You'll get used to it soon enough." answered the dog. You could do the same. "If I come to live with you. the wolf turned and ran away. In that way." said the wolf. Then choose ten sentences to change them into passive sentences." The wolf thought it over for a few minutes and then decided that the dog was right. a dog out for a walk noticed him. "You are in terrible shape! You look as if you haven't eaten for many days. if I am chained up. He was curious about this. You are too worried about keeping alive to enjoy life." "You're right." said the dog. So they went off together toward the ranch house where the dog lived." the wolf said. so that the outline of his bones could be seen clearly beneath his thinning coat of hair." Taken from www. the wolf noticed that the hair on a certain part of the dog's neck was very thin. As he lay beneath a large tree. the dog felt sorry for him and said. Seeing how thin and hungry-looking the wolf was. I won't be free anymore. "It's the place where the collar rubs on my neck when my master chains me up at night. don't worry about that." "But. he asked the dog about it. "I haven't eaten because you and your friends are doing such a good job of guarding the sheep. will I be chained up at night too?" That's right. we won't have to worry about your stealing the sheep any more and you won't have to worry about going hungry any more. "The dog called after the wolf. the wolf had little hope of finding food. Now I am so weak that I have little hope of finding food. saying. I will arrange it. The Wolf and the Dog Once there was a wolf who was nearly dead with hunger. well-fed. It's a good deal for both of us. He was very thin.aesopfables. then I won't be able to walk when I want to take a walk or to run where I want to run. I hardly think about it anymore. You can help me and the other dogs guard the sheep. I'm more free than you are. "I work regularly and I eat regularly. for the dog had such a beautiful coat every where else.

Writing In this section. 2.aesopfables. one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back. 3. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of narrative texts. 1. writing narrative texts. then the crocodile swam down the river now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bank what for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey i left it under the tree near some coconuts so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree where is your heart asked the crocodile you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry Taken from www. Have you ever written a story? What do you do first when you write a story? Have you ever written a fairy tale? Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories? Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalise the following story.com 98 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. Activity 1 Answer these questions.

infoplease. This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back b. So has sat down under the tree to sleep. c. So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. d. the author should come to an important conclusion about the experience that has just been described. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 99 . 1 2 Englishclub. Arrange them by putting the letter after the number so they tell the story shown in the picture. visit www. In the final paragraph.com The first important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. they are not in the correct order.Activity 3 Look at the picture carefully. then read the sentence given below.com 3 4 5 6 a. For further steps in writing narrative. He was very angry and threw a stone at them. The second important thing about a narrative essay is that the story should have a point.

leading the Lamb a little apart. "Pray do not grieve so. and place it in the hole. There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure.short-stories. The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. A neighbor. The Lamb that belonged to the sheep whose skin the Wolf was wearing began to follow the Wolf in the Sheep's clothing.e. while he was going from one village to another. found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to make loud lamentations. It will do you quite the same service. came to the lump of gold. said. so it put it on over its own pelt and strolled down among the sheep. The Miser A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold. on his next visit. which he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and went to look at daily. and stole it. and digging down. and fancy that the gold is still lying there.short-stories. f. One of his workmen observed his frequent visits to the spot and decided to watch his movements. He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. k. j. So. Taken from www. but go and take a stone. The Miser. you had it not.co. The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats.co. seeing him overcome with grief and learning the cause. At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him.uk 100 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .and for some time he succeeded in deceiving the sheep." Taken from www. Activity 4 Study these stories and fill in the narrative text pattern that follow based on the story. Appearances are deceptive. he soon made a meal off her . But one day it found the skin of a sheep that had been flayed and thrown aside. and enjoying hearty meals.uk The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing A Wolf found great difficulty in getting at the sheep owing to the vigilance of the shepherd and his dogs. Pak Aman sells hat in the village. he felt very tired. for when the gold was there. as you did not make the slightest use of it. h. One day. i. g.

Fable story Folklore Myth or legend Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 101 .Narrative Text Pattern Tittle : Climax Major Characters Minor Characters Falling Action Conflict: Resolution: Events: Rising Action Setting: Theme: Activity 5 Now. 3. make your own narrative story. 2. 1. Choose from the following categories.

Language Functions a. you are expected to be able to: 1. Now. 5. respond to a monologue of a narrative text. If you find some difficulties. identify the structure of narrative texts. Congratulating • Congratulations! • Congratulations on.. Write and tell your favourite folklore. identify factual meaning in the texts. What do you say to give complement and congratulate someone? 2. respond to expressions for congratulation and giving compliment. Pay attention to the structure of the text. Generic Structure Orientation Evaluation Complication Resolution Re-orientation Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter.. 2. : to amuse. Genre Narrative Function • • • • Well done! Great job! How beautiful you are. for better or for worse. Complimenting • You look great.. • You look terrific.. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. What do you say when someone congratulates and complements you? 3. : : : : : sets the scene and introduces the participants. 4. congratulate and compliment others. I must say that you are .. 7.. a crisis arises. optional. 2.Chapter Summary 1. performing a monologue of narrative texts. 6. 102 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the crisis is resolved. a stepping back to evaluate the plight. write narrative texts. answer the questions: 1. 3. b.

Chapter 5 Sourc e: Pub li shers' s Doc umen tation I'm Very Grateful to You In This Chapter Listening: • • • • Responding to expressions of gratitude Responding to invitation Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text Expressing gratitude Performing a monologue of descriptive texts Identifying the structure of a descriptive text Reading descriptive texts Writing short descriptions and announcement Writing descriptive texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 103 .

Please come in and have a seat. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. It's all right. Here it is. respond to descriptive texts. Yuni. Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni : : : : : : Hello Yuni. 6 . Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 1 . 1. please. Where does this conversation take place? What is the purpose of Henry's coming? What does Henry want Yuni to do? 104 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Listening In this section. . 3. How do you respond to someone expressing gratitude? Is it alright if you just say nothing? Activity 2 You will listen to a tape playing a dialogue. 2. I'll tell him. you will learn how to: • • • respond to gratitude. 8 . 3 . How are you this morning? Hi. 5 . Listen carefully to complete the dialogue and answer the questions that follow. sure. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how 7 I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : 1. By the way. Fine. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. Great. Henry. Here it is and 4 . 2. And you? 2 I'm just fine. respond to invitation.

b. How can I refuse? I'd love to come. b. 5. What are the responses of the expressions? Activity 3 Listen to the tape. Source: ML Calendar Catalogue. a. Activity 4 Study the picture and then answer these questions orally. Yes. 3. You will hear some expressions. Find some expressions of thanks in the dialogue. 2. 4. 2002 1. No. 2. I'm very grateful to you. a. b. You're great. Choose the best response for the expressions. 5. I can't. 3. I'd love to. 4. Thank you so much. I won't. b. 1. What picture is it? Where do you usually find that place? What can you do if you go to that place? Can you describe the situation on the picture? How do we prevent the beauty of the place? I'm Very Grateful to You 105 . 5.4. a. a. I'm sorry. How can I thank you? It doesn't matter. a. b.

2008 Activity 6 Listen to the tape then complete the following description of Lawang Sewu.central-java-tourism. 1 2 Colosseum: 3 Borobudur: Stonehenge: Source: Microsoft Encarta. Match the pictures and the descriptions you hear. It is a famous 6 in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague 1 and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. Adapted from www. Besides its thousand doors. it is also well known for the fascinating 4 representing the Dutch Symbolism.Activity 5 You are going to listen to three descriptions of the following pictures. The building has numerous 5 which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand. It is named 2 which means 3 . Lawang Sewu Lawang Sewu is one of the famous in Indonesia.com 106 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

on the way home. 1. Will you pick me up? Sure. 4. perform a monologue of descriptive text. 1. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Would you like to come with me? I'd love to. you will learn how to: • • express gratitude. 3. 2.Speaking In this section. Ratna invites Ardi to have dinner together. 5. Ratna Ardi Ratna Ardi : : : : Are you free tonight? Why? I wonder if you would like to have dinner at my house. Activity 3 Answer the following questions based on the information given in the dialogue above. When will they go to the museum? Who invites Ratna to go to the museum? Does Ratna like to go the museum? What does she say? Is Ardi free tonight? Can Ardi go to Ratna's house to have dinner together? Why? What does Ardi say to decline Ratna's invitation? I'm Very Grateful to You 107 . When is the time to express gratitude to someone? What do you say when you want to thank someone who helps you? Activity 2 Read and act out the following dialogue. 6. Ardi Ratna Ardi Ratna : : : : I'm going to the museum on Sunday morning. Be ready at 7. I'll be there. 2. After visiting the museum. OK? All right. I won't say no.

? Accepting invitations More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d be delighted to ... Would you like to . I’d like to very much. Dandy : Kayla : Dandy : Kayla : 108 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Expressing gratitude More Formal Less Formal • • • • I would like to thank you for . I’d love to.? Do you want to come with .. Then.. my parents are taking me there again this vacation. I won’t say no ..? Will you join . What if you come and join us? How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come.. Great... Thank you... Actually.What to Say Inviting someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d like to invite you to . Activity 4 Study the following dialogue. Dandy : Kayla : I've never been to Borobudur before... Wow. Thanks. Let me express my gratitude ...... make your own dialogue and act it out in front of the class.. Yes... Beautiful stone carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too. The temple is extravagant. I wish I can see it for myself. What is it like? It's very beautiful. I'm sure my parents won't mind.

Use them to express your gratitude for the following. 3.Activity 5 Work in pairs.. There are many kinds of expressions for thanking. 1. 8. that is hand-written e. a. Tini has lent you a magazine. Activity 6 Activity 7 Answer the following questions orally. manuscript of the play is on display in the museum. 4. There are many kinds of expressions for thanks. 1. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. 1. Have you ever gone to a historical place? Can you mention some historical places in Indonesia that have become tourist resorts? Can you mention some outstanding historical places around the world? UN Shot The original . Create dialogues based on the following situations. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. 4. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. written by hand b. writing hand c. 5. 9. 2. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. Tini has lent you a magazine. 3. explorer /ɪk'splɔ:rɘ(r)/ war /wɔ:(r)/ resource /rɪ'sɔ:s/ wall /wɔ:l/ enormous /'ɪnɔ:mɘs/ probably /'prɔbɘblɪ/ archaeologists /ˌɑ:kɪˈɒlɘdʒɪst/ foreign /'fɒrɘn/ forest /'fɒrɪst/ crop /krɒp/ I'm Very Grateful to You 109 . Give suitable responses. 6. hand-written d. 3. 2. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. hand-writing (UN 2004) V Pronunciation Practice 1. 2. 7. 3. 4. 2.. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. 10.

They think the Great Enclosure was built about 1. Perhaps they were killed by disease or war. Perhaps the builders used all the natural resources on the island. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. believed that they were built by people from South America. The Great Enclosure has enormous walls – sometimes 11 metres high and 1. Archaeologists think that the statues represent dead tribal leaders. all the way from Peru. We don't even know who built Great Zimbabwe – it is a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists. We don't know why the statues left alone on the island.000 years ago. We don't really know why they are there. he made a simple raft and sailed there. Why did they build the tower? We don't know. 2000 In 1871 Karl Mauch.2 metres thick. Inside the Great Enclosure there are many huts. The Great Zimbabwe castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. a German. There are many unanswered questions about Easter Island. 3.Activity 8 Read aloud the following texts with appropriate pronunciation. Easter Island Norwegian explorer. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. there is a large 110 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .700 kilometres from the coast of Chile. On top of a hill. no windows. The walls covered 25 hectares around what is now called ‘Great Zimbabwe'. Thor Heyerdahl. discovered a huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe. We don't know who built them but they were probably constructed between 1150 and 1500. Africa. To prove this. there are 600 large statues. and no doors. passages and rooms and a mysterious 9-metre-high stone tower that has no stairs. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. 2000 Easter Island is in the South Pacific. On the island. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive Iron Age site in Africa. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools.

Easter Island 1. Location Time of building (approximation) Physical appearance Great Zimbabwe Pueblo Bonito I'm Very Grateful to You 111 . doors and roofs. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. In some buildings there are huge circular rooms called ‘kivas'—the biggest one is underground and it is about 16 metres wide. We know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great Houses. Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really don't know. 2.000 trees from forests almost 80 kilometres away. 3. 2000 One thousand years ago. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. They used stone for the walls and wood for the floors. Perhaps they used them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops.Pueblo Bonito transported more than 200. in the desert of the Chaco Canyon. the Anasazi people built nine multi-storey buildings called ‘Great Houses'. How did they move the trees? We don't know. They Activity 9 Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the description of those places. Why did the Anasazi build circular rooms? We don't know.

8 kilometre). At Niagara Falls. Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids. 4.Activity 10 Perform a monologue about the description of Niagara Falls. It is on the Niagara River.5 mile (0. at the falls.S. 3. At night. Niagara Falls Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls. 2006 Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls. but they are 2. 2. 5. About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States. Where is Niagara Falls located? What countries are separated by Niagara Falls? Where are the two waterfalls of Niagara Falls? What is Canyon? How big are the Horseshoe Falls? 112 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . and the U. Ontario. The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada.000 feet (305 metres) wide. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon. state of New York is on the other side. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock. It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America. There. 1. coloured lights shine on the thundering falls. The American Falls are about 1. Activity 11 Answer the following questions orally. They are not as high as the American Falls. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls. and the American Falls are in the United States. Canada is on one side of the river. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.

For is used with a period of time: for one hour. before him. take off. who encountered Easter Island on Easter Sunday 1722. of making. While is used with subject + verb: while you went out. with pronouns and also with -ing forms: before winter. at Jln. on the wall.11. put off. After/before is used with period of times. for a week. Soka no. • He has to stand at the corner of the classroom. is Spanish for "Easter Island". 8. in the park. on June 18. At is used with times and also with places: at Niagara Falls. 3. before asking. in Canada. at the corner of. New Horizon The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's first recorded European visitor. before June. after me. while she was at the bank. after reading. • For the sake of God. the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen. after summer. at lunch. In is used with periods of time and also with places: in October. 4. Some prepositions with more than one word are in front of. I'm Very Grateful to You 113 . For is also intended to be given to or belong to a particular person: The Great Sphinx was probably built for Khafre. Off is used with verbs: get off. in the United States. for the sake of. 6. glance of eye. 5. in the Middle Ages. During is used with a period of time: during our holiday. Example: • I stand in front of the class. 1. On is used with dates and days and also with places: on Niagara River. at midnight.[2] The island's official Spanish name. Isla de Pascua. 2. Of is used with nouns and also with -ing forms: legs of the table. while searching for Davis or David's island. on Monday. 9. during the night. after lunch time. for ages.Grammar Review Preposition Study the following explanation of prepositions. 7. in 2005.

called the Great Sphinx. Pyramids are built for king's servants. 1 2 Activity 13 Read aloud the text you have completed. 2006 The pyramids Giza (Al Jizah) stand 3 the west bank the Nile River outside 4 Cairo. 114 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu.C. 5. 2. 4. The second was built 11 King Khafre. 15 It stands his pyramid. They were built 7 kings 8 9 about 2600 2500 B. was probably built 14 Khafre. A huge statue 13 a sphinx.Activity 12 Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box. There is only one pyramid at Giza. The Great Sphinx was built for King Khufu. There are 10 pyramids Giza. Then. 3. • of • on • of • at • of • of • • • for in to • for • for • for • of • for • near Source: Microsoft Encarta. decide whether the following statements are true or false. including 5 three the largest and best preserved 6 all Egyptian pyramids. T/F 1. and the third 12 King Menkaure. Giza is located near the Nile River. The largest was 10 built King Khufu.

view considered to be brave strike something with a hard blow situated Words 1. 6.Reading In this section. 2. Source: www. 3.org 1. learn these words. e. Activity 1 Answer the questions based on the picture. 2. c. Activity 2 Before you read the story about “Gua Tabuhan”. 4. 4. located lime scenery peddlers agates I'm Very Grateful to You 115 . 5. you will learn how to: • • • find specific information from descriptive texts.upload. 3. Meanings or Synonyms a. read and understand descriptive texts.wikimedia. identify the structure of descriptive texts. Can you find a place like this in your village? What do people call this place? Is it a kind of tourist resort? What do you think of this place? Where can you find this place? Have you ever visited some tourist resorts in East Java? Mention them. Then match them with their meanings or synonyms. 5. b. d.

East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs. g. i. Nyi Kamiyem. 12. 10. h. forgetting all problems. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy rice fields. People sell agates on the cave terraces. Many tourists go to this cave. it is like a fair. 11. 9. in Tabuhan. who often sings in the cave. Wareng village. The route is easy. Somehow. a well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians. sacred dared chased bump prayer mat seclude cave stream f. l. does not doubt anything. Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone. 7. 13. Maybe you are interested in going there too but you don't know where it is. m. Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave In the cave. The visitors dance. 8. Pay attention to the structure of the text. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan. Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan. a hollow place in the side of hill very hard stones place on which Muslims kneel when praying goods sellers moving from place to place keep apart from others a small narrow river run after something holy Activity 3 Read the following text. j. identification description 116 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .6. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum. coconutpalms and birds. The drink and food peddlers are on the north side. What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. k.

Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo. The people chased the spirits away. The cave is dark. and characteristics. However. The identification part is the part where writers of descriptive text identifies phenomenon to be described.Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. By the way. Besides the cave. It was believed to be a sacred place. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. qualities. do you want different souvenirs? You can find them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work. it can be heard from inside. 2. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. So. Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. which can only be seen outside. a beach nearby. Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro. 1996 The structure of descriptive text is divided into two parts: Identification and description. village elder. 1. in the east corner. 4. and a local guide will lead the way. one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch. No one dared go inside. went to the cave to find out what was wrong. There is a stream in the cave. is good to visit. have a nice journey. The description part describes parts. Watukarang. According to Kartowiryo (90). Taken from Hello English Magazine. It normally uses simple present tense. 3. Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the ceiling. so people need lights. January. Description text focuses on specific participants. What do you call people who join Nyi Kamiyem and Ki Padmo in the cave? Where is Gua Tabuhan located? What can you see along the road to Gua Tabuhan? Where can you find peddlers selling souvenirs? I'm Very Grateful to You 117 . Some people now use the place for meditation. However.

6. Activity 5 In pairs. 9. Can you see the stream inside the cave? 5. The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan. 7. 5. You find the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave. 118 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily. 4. 7. choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text. Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself inside the cave. 8. Gua Tabuhan is located in Wareng Village. 3. The cave is used for meditation. Nyi Kamiyem is not a well-known pesinden. The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in.What is Nyi Kamiyem? How old is Ki Kartowiryo? What did Kertodiprojo find out inside the cave? What do people need when they enter the cave? What did Pangeran Diponegoro use as a prayer mat to perform prayer in the cave? 10. 6. People who are in the cave can hear the stream. 9. To reach Wareng village the visitors have trouble. 8. 10. T/F 1. 2.

The cruise ship belongs to Star Cruises. At breakfast. suffices as answer. Big Island and Maui. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. This greeting written out in lights already welcomes those arriving at Honolulu airport. I'm Very Grateful to You 119 .Activity 6 Read the following text and then answer the questions that follow. and this is particularly true when he sees the islands from the vantage point of a cruise ship. The passenger aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel would have little reason to respond otherwise. initially bearing the name Norwegian Sky. and the Pride of Aloha was built in 1999.000 inhabitants and is the largest human settlement in the South Sea. but it is in fact much more than a greeting or farewell.S. "Aloha.700 kilograms of meat during the sevenday cruise – the equivalent of 700 grams per passenger per day. where there is general scorn at the notion of going on diet. Most of the almost 2. Included in the price is full board. A visitor to these islands in the middle of the Pacific feels immediately that he has one foot firmly anchored in the American Way of Life. Honolulu on Oahu. where the cruise starts. A cruise aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel is perhaps the most comfortable and by no means the most exclusive way to see Hawaii. flag in some time. The simple response. has a population of 900. but this is more than enough to utter the word "Aloha". from colourful shirts. Oahu. The Pride of Aloha bears witness to this attitude. A cabin with a sea view costs as little as 1. and this is the pattern throughout the day. In 2004 it was converted for duty on the Pacific cruise route and is the first cruise ship to fly the U. Aloha means love and well-being and somehow stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. Kauai. consuming 9.S. Seeing Hawaii in Cruising Style The Hawaiian language is based on five vowels and just seven consonants.250 euros per person for the seven nights of the cruise. "Fine". through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. travellers are greeted by mountains of ham and pancakes. How are you today?" is a frequently asked question on the "Pride of Aloha". the third-largest cruise operator in the world. Hawaii is the "Aloha State" and the 50th state of the United States of America. The Norwegian Cruise Line is no more Norwegian than the food aboard the Pride of Aloha is Hawaiian. Midwest.000 aboard have their homes in the U.

Can you describe Honolulu on Oahu in a sentence? 9. 2. Thousands of Japanese bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues. February 13. When was Pride of Aloha built? 6. Information Paragraph 1. the endless concrete and the activity: Waikiki Beach is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacabana. What does the word "Aloha" mean and stand for according to the text? 2. How much does a cabin with a sea view cost? 7. There is a reason for the crowds.Faceless apartment blocks turn into equally faceless hotel towers and shopping malls in the seaside resort of Waikiki. 2005 1. 4. 3. What are included in the price of the cabin? 8. Definition of “Aloha” The reason why few passengers in the vessel do not respond to the greeting History of Norwegian Cruise Line vessel The rate of a cabin with a sea view Description of situation in Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues 120 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What is the reason for the crowds bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues? Activity 7 Decide in which paragraph you can find the following information. Taken from The Jakarta Post. How many kilograms of meat are consumed by the passengers a week? 5. How are the travellers aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel greeted at breakfast? 4. One hopes at the same time that the evidence of human progress will become less apparent as the cruise progresses while the beach remains as beautiful. 5. How is the building in the seaside resort of Waikiki? 10. But anyone who gazes out over the blue ocean to watch the surfers ride the perfect waves knows why he has come to Hawaii. What are the possible responses to the greeting "Aloha"? 3.

without nails. 2008 Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built.460 kilometres long. 2000 I'm Very Grateful to You 121 . rises to about 11 metres high. One of the highest sections of the Great Wall. The wall crosses northern China between the east coast and north-central China. Shanghai Industrial Exhibition displays variety of manufactured products. Its length is about 6. The Hall of Prayer of Good Harvests is an architectural wonder. major industrial and commercial centre and seaport. There’s a lot to do in this exciting city! Beijing is famous for its beautiful palaces. Call 800-999-TRIP for more information and reservations. and it was erected entirely by hand.5 metres wide at its base and nearly 6 metres at the top. The bund waterfront area is lined with banks and office buildings.400 kilometres. has two statues of Buddha. You must visit the Temple of Heaven. and huge stone walls and gates. constructed entirely of wood. Its art treasure and universities have long made the city China’s cultural centre. crowded with worshippers. The main part of the wall is about 3. on Mount Badaling. Watchtowers stand about 90 to 180 metres apart along the wall. the most famous temple in China. Nanjing Road is the major shopping thoroughfare. temples. near Beijing. It resembles a modern Western city more than does any other Chinese city. Adapted from New Interchange Workbook 2. Source: Microsoft Encarta. Temple of the Jade Buddha. each carved from a single huge piece of white jade. See two exciting cities and one of the world’s wonders 11 days $799 + airfare! Shanghai is China’s largest city. This section is about 7.Activity 8 Read this travel ad and check whether the statements that follow are true or false according to the ad.

8. 4. 2. 7. In your opinion. No machine was used to erect the Great Wall of China. 3. The top of the Great Wall is wider than its base. Mount Badaling isn't far from Beijing. Temple of the Jade Buddha is constructed entirely of wood. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. 4. 5. scenery of mountain or beach? Can you mention some mountains in the world which have interesting scenery? What should we do to preserve the resources in the mountains? How is the condition of the beaches in Indonesia? Can you mention some of the beaches that have become popular tourist resorts? 122 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . you will learn how to: • • write a short description. which one is the most amazing. Beijing is China's largest city. There are many watchtowers in Shanghai.T/F 1. 1. 2. 3. Both Shanghai and Beijing have beautiful temples. 6. write descriptive texts. Shanghai is the most modern city in China. Writing In this section. 5.

Then answer the questions. Lovina. Beginners should respect the sea and stay within depth to start with as the current can be very strong. the closest spots to Kuta are Benoa and Sanur beaches where all the relevant equipment can be hired. Elevation gain is minimal and the wide open terrain is scenic.228 metres) on the world's flattest and smallest continent. explore the wonders of the deep or just lie back and take it easy. Australia. September 2000 Source: www. Tulamben and Amed in the east. Uluwatu and Nusa Lembongan. snorkelling. Taken from Hello Bali. For snorkelling and diving.Activity 2 Analyse the structure of the following descriptive texts.com The amazing choice of different activities available in Bali means that there is indeed something for everyone. In the winter there I'm Very Grateful to You 123 . Padang Bai. Further afield. good destinations include Pulau Serangan. Apart from Kuta and Legian beaches. Nusa Dua has a number of breaks as does Sanur. Canggu. Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in the south. Candidasa. Whether you want to throw yourself from high attitudes. The beach is a major factor in any island holiday and Bali has a coastline which offers every possible water activity including surfing some of the best waves in the world.wordpress. swimming with dolphins. It does not rise up out of the surrounding countryside as do many of Indonesia's spectacular mountains. Mount Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is actually the highest mountain (2. diving. Ketewel and the area around the airport are also popular with experienced surfers. Bali's waves are world famous and range from safe beach breaks for beginners like Kuta to the awesome swells at Padang Padang. which regularly attract the pros. For the more experienced. hurtle down frothing rapids. Bali has perfected the art of keeping its guests happy. in the north and the amazing Pulau Menjangan in the northwest. Medewi is also good for beginners. v Bali Action sailing and parasailing.files.masham3d. cruises.

including areas of the Blue Mountains.is deep snow on the upper parts of the mountain. Taken from Kang Guru. Discuss with your friend to punctuate and capitalise it well. 2004 Do the texts have a similarity in their structure? Explain your answer. the crags of Tasmania. Activity 4 Study the following text well. Actually. 2000 the tower of london was first built in the 11th century within the roman city walls its purpose was to protect and control the city 124 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the tower of london since then it has been a fortress a palace and a prison the scene of murder execution ceremonies and years of imprisonments the tower is one of the UK's finest castles and as one of the strongest fortresses in the land is the home of the crown jewels it also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays showing nine centuries of british history Taken from Take Off. 2. Townshend. The mountain is within a national park so no cars are allowed and the vegetation and wildlife is protected. Mt. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. What are the topics of the two texts? Activity 3 List the use of prepositions within the text of Activity 2 in your workbook. and even Mt. a craggier peak about one kilometre north of Kosciusko. some interesting mountainous terrain. Kosciusko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840. Australia does have 1.

1998. comma (. Take Off.Activity 5 Answer these questions. 3.) and apostrophe (')? What is the topic sentence of the first paragraph? What is the topic sentence of the third paragraph? Activity 6 Work in pairs. 2 Source: True Colors. 2001 I'm Very Grateful to You 125 . Compare it to your friend's. Can you explain the function of period (.). Discuss what they are about. 2. Write down the conclusion of your discussion. Study the following announcements. 1. 1 Your Project Have you ever visited Bali or another famous tourist resorts in Indonesia? Write the description about it on a paper.

5. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. a famous church. 4. make an announcement containing information about your school’s activities. 3. 1. etc. 2000 Paris is the capital city of France. e. This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Then write your own sentences based on these words. 9. Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris.g. Paris is often called the City of Light. singing contest. 8. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. is another favourite place to visit. Every year. one of the world's largest art museums. At night. study tour. visit popular famous largest symbol Activity 10 Look at the following pictures of tourist resort. camping. 7. The Louvre. hiking. draws many visitors. Activity 8 Study this text and write down the noun phrases. 10. many palaces and statues are lit up. Pay attention to the description Paris crowded cities. dense beautiful annually very large attract 6. Choose one of them and then describe it. 126 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 7 With your friend. The Cathedral of Notre Dame. For this reason. millions of people visit Paris. 2. It is also one of the world's most Activity 9 Find the synonym of the following words in the text.

2006 I'm Very Grateful to You 127 . new7wonders. To find out about them.1 Englishclub.nationalgeographic.com The Wall of China Source: www3. just visit www. 2006 3 Pyramid Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.com 2 Taj Mahal Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.com The New7Wonders organization is happy to announce that the following 7 candidates have been elected by more than 100 million votes to represent global heritage throughout history.

perform a monologue of descriptive. 6. Language Functions Expressing gratitude a. b. place or thing. sentences into paragraphs. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. c. respond to gratitude 2. respond to invitation 3. 7. answer the questions: 1.. I'm very grateful to you for. 128 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I'd be delighted to. Identification : identifies phenomenon to be described.. qualities. I really appreciate your .Chapter Summary 1. c. 2. characters. I'd be happy to accept Genre Descriptive Function : to describe a particular person. That sounds a nice idea.. I'd love to b. Thanks a lot. 10. Now. Description : describes parts. What will you say to express gratitude? 2.. you are expected to be able to: 1. d.. 5. b. What will you say to accept an invitation? If you find some difficulties. d. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. write accurately words phrases. 8. find specific information from descriptive texts. respond to report texts 4. 9. Thank you very much. write a form of announcement. guess meaning in context. express gratitude. Accepting an invitation a. Generic Structure a. read a descriptive text aloud.

Chapter 6 Sourc e: ww w .com Headline News In This Chapter Listening: • • • Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement Responding to news item texts Expressing surprise and amazement Performing a monologue of news item texts Identifying meanings and information in news item texts Reading news item texts Developing paragraph of news item texts Writing news item texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 129 .photo bucke t.

Activity 3 Listen to the tape attentively to complete the dialogue. Many people became homeless. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. 3. What a surprise! Oh really? Is it true? Are you serious? You must be kidding. It's very tragic. Compare your answer with your friends'. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. Thousands of people were killed. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. 5.) Iwan : Yeah. Iwan : Dad. 7. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. 2. 3 Father : . I can't imagine that. What kind of expressions are they? 1. Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. 130 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2 . Another disaster? (Then. 2. Good heavens! No. 1. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 4. 4. I don't believe it. 6.Listening In this section. What is your reaction when you hear bad news? What is your reaction when you hear good news? What will you say if you hear a news that surprise you? What news that make you surprise lately? Activity 2 Listen and repeat these expressions. you will learn how to: • • respond to expressions of surprise and amazement. respond to news item texts. 3. 4 Father : . 1 ! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. I find that very surprising.

Headline News 131 . listen to the tape and respond to each expression you hear. Work in pair and take turns telling your friends some news. That's very disappointing. 1 Andi : .. Andi : Keep calm guys. be quiet. please! I have something to tell you. pay attention to our leader. 6 Indah : . He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. 3. answer these questions. 1. Activity 6 In groups of four. Andi : I'm serious. 2.. It seems that he brings 2 for us.Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. Who has had the best week? What is it about? Who has had the worst week? What is it about? Who has had the best news this year? Who has the most shocking news? Who has had the most unusual news story to tell? Tell it to the class. Feny : What! 4 ? Aldi : Oh.OK my friends. 5 . Respond to each news that your friends tell you. Activity 4 Activity 5 Now. Feny : Really? Why are you 3 ? Bad news? Aldi : Be quiet Feny! Andi : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. no. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. The other groups respond to each news that the group told. I tell you the truth. 5. What a shocking. guys. He told me about our holiday. We will have a holiday someday. Aldi : Shh. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. Report your answers in front of the class. Please.. 4.

1 Ayodia City Park Set for July 2 Motorists trapped in floods Greenfest 2008 to Educate on Global Warming Threat 3 4 Singing Contest Still Hot Ferguson Relieved after Big Win Food Prices Bring Trade Barriers Down 5 6 Activity 8 Listen to the news once again and make any responses based on each news you hear. then match each news item you heard with the following headlines. For example: You hear news about the plan of Jakarta administration to build a public park. 132 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I think it will be great if we have many city parks in Jakarta. Your response: I think it's good news.Activity 7 Listen to tape.

Headline News 133 .Activity 9 Listen to the tape and complete the text while you are listening. would be on May 2. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. During study time. He failed to mention what punishments 6 on students who did not comply. Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory The regulation. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 2008 Activity 10 Find another news in a newspaper or magazine. Elementary and high school students will have 4 from 6 p. April 15. Then read it in front of the class while another students listen to it. "The study time must be effective.m." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. in time for National Education Day.m. no TV. game consoles. Ask your friends to guess what the news is about. com on Monday. he said. to 7:30 p. visiting shopping malls or going to 5 will be allowed.. "My office is still drafting 2 on study time. 3 Bekasi: The Bekasi municipality administration 1 students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework." Mochtar said. as quoted by Tempointeraktif.

Ask five questions about it. Many people died and got serious injured. What? Who? Where? When? How? Activity 2 Read the following sentences. Did you hear that Mr Setiadi got a serious cancer disease? 2. He was in hospital for five weeks. Yesterday. 5. perform a dialogue of news item texts. 4. 134 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I saw a bad thunder storm in East Java. on the TV news. Romi was knocked down by a car. 4. 2006 1. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions orally. 2. He was arrested for traffic violence. you will learn how to: • • express surprise and amazement. 3. Source: Earthquakes.Speaking In this section. I heard that Rian was in jail. 3. What will you say if you hear this news? 1. What does the picture tell you about? What is the cause of the damage in the buildings? What do you say when you hear surprising news? What do you say when you hear bad news? Imagine that you hear a surprising news.

e. I don't have time to think about love right now.. The bell is ringing. that's terrible. Sandi : Really? He didn't die. : It doesn't mean that he loves you. c. Wati Ria Wati Ria Wati : Do you know that Ari has a girlfriend? : Are you kidding? That's not true. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. Act them out with your friends. Take it easy. d. I got the news from his best friend. They talk about Ari who is the most favourite student in their school. it did. Dialogue 2 Wati chats with her best friend. : Listen. a. Ria. you're right. actually. Sandi : I don't understand. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his plane.000 feet in the air. Let's go to the class. b. Besides. Sandy : Oh. : You're right. ! I've been waiting for it so long. He's not the only guy in the world.Activity 3 Read and practise these dialogues.. he gave me a bar of chocolate. Oh. Dina UN Shot Mr Ruli : I heard that the new art gallery will be opened this month. did it? Dina : Yes. come on. did he? Dina : No. It was in mid air. at the school canteen. Mrs. Hadi : really? . : Good heavens! Look at this. : That's too bad. it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2004) Ria Wati Headline News 135 . Frans. Dialogue 1 Sandi and Dina are talking about the accident which happened to an airline pilot they read about in the headline of a newspaper. Yesterday. : Yeah. The window didn't break.

136 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . are you? 2.. that's very surprising. Give respond to the news. Express your sympathy. 2. Your brother who is an athletic athlete has broken the world record and claimed as the fastest man in the world.. We can also use questions tag form to show surprises and express disbelief. How very surprising/amazing. 4. I find it astonishing/extraordinary. You heard that a dinosaur-like fish is found in Indonesian sea. I'm on strike now. You aren't. Your friend's father has passed away. Tell your classmates about it. Mr Anwar was very ill. was he? Activity 4 Make dialogues based on the following situations.. 1. Well.What to Say Expressions of Surprise and Amazement More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • I must say that . You read the news about tsunami in Aceh and North Sumatra. He wasn't. 3. Respond to the news appropriately. 1. Act them out with your friends. surprises me. You heard that one of your friends is invited to Istana Merdeka to meet with the President. I find that very surprising. 5. Express your amazement. Really? My goodness! Are you serious? You're kidding! That's amazing/extraordinary.

November 23-29. The Jakarta Post. 2008 2 14 Ujungkulon Rhinos On Verge Of Extinction Banten: Authorities overseeing Ujung-kulon antional Park plan to expand the rhinoceros enclosure.com If you want to get interesting information about anything in Indonesia. wallets and even the sports uniforms and sneakers. 2. 2004 1.com/ english Answer these questions orally. December 29. Pay attention to your intonation.Activity 5 Englishclub. The unarmed policemen were on the way to a sport competition. 3. Source: Tempo. 2003/January 5. 1 Thieves Rob Bus Full of Policemen Rio De Janeiro: Four thieves robbed the bus carrying forty six policemen. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. is on the verge of extinction. 2005. as the protected species. Adapted from The Jakarta Post January 18. Read the news in front of the class. Time. one of many at the reserve. 2004. March 8. 2008 Headline News 137 . cellular phones. Pretend you are a news reader. an official said Saturday.indonesiaheadline. The robbers took their cameras. Do you always read newspapers or magazines? What kinds of newspaper or magazine do you read? Do you know what is a headline? Where can you find the headline? Activity 6 Read and study the following news items. The population of the two horned species stands at less than 60. just visit www. 4.

Activity 8 Discuss with your friend and decide the type of the news in Activity 6 . 2005 4 Sharapova Wins First Claycourt Title Amelia Island. Adapted from AFP's news in The Jakarta Post January 27.000 pounds to catch and prosecute a woman driver for eating an apple while driving. B : Really? I don't believe it. make a dialogue. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. respond to each of the news items in Activity 6 with the expressions of surprise. Sharapova became the first woman to win three titles this season following her success at the Australian open and Qatar open and improved her 2008 win-loss record to 22-1. Example: A : It says here that policemen were robbed by thieves.3 Woman Fined for Eating Apple While Driving London: British police spent 10. • • • • Sport news Social news Headline news Breaking news : : : : 138 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Florida: Maria Sharapova captured her first claycourt title when she defeated Slovakia's Dominika Cibukolva 7-6 6-3 in the final of the Amelia Island Championship on Sunday. Sarah McCaffrey was fined 60 pounds and ordered to pay 100 pounds in legal fees for her infraction starting from December 2003. 2008 Activity 7 In pairs.

) 3.. daily /dɵɪlɪ/ 13. and the place where the event happened. 4. Find out the main event of the news.. weekly /ˈwɪklɪ/ 14. bulletin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ 15. entertainment /entəˈteɪnmənt/ 12. 1. magazine /mægəˈzɪ:n/ 4. Tell your friend about the news starting with the expression: "Did you know there was . journalist /ˈdʒɜ:nlɪz/ 10. television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ 5. Background consists of event elaboration. Use the following guidance. Headline News 139 . headline /hedlaɪn/ 6. article /ˈɑ:tikl/ 8. or the authority.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce the following words related to news item. Identify its background. reporter /rɪˈpɔ:ta/ 9. people involved. expert opinions. 1. Find out the information sources. features /fɪ:tʃər/ Activity 9 Read news in a newspaper or magazine and tell your partner the news item that you have read. newscaster /nju:zkæstə(r)/ 7. newspaper /nju:speɪpə(r)/ 3. media /ˈmi:dɪə/ 11. 2. news /nju:z/ 2." (Continue with your own words. They include witnesses..

Of the tree kinds of newspaper/magazine in the pictures.Reading In this section. What kind of newspaper/magazine do you read? 4. 3. 4. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. Do you also read English newspaper/magazine? Why? 5. 7. which one do you prefer to read? Why? Activity 2 v No 1. Do you have the habit of reading any newspaper or magazine? 2. Which do you usually read: newspaper or magazine? Why? 3. you will learn how to: • • identify factual information in news item texts. 5. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Activities Read a daily newspaper Read a weekly news magazine Listen to news on the radio Watch cable network news Watch news on the TV Read news on the Internet Read news on a school bulletin Name Kind of news 140 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. Ask your classmates and fill in the name of those doing the following activities. identify the structure of news item texts. 6.

Activity 3
newsworthy event

Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the structure of news item text. Seven Killed in Accident on Jalan Sultan Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck at 10:35 p.m. on Jalan Sultan last night. The dead were all passengers in the car. Police believe the car may have been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car may not have been using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. The police said the car should not have been trying to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car–a small Japanese car–should not have been carrying more than five people. The names of the victims are not yet known.
Taken from www.thejakartapost.com

background event

source

The structure of news item text is divided into three parts. The first part is newsworthy events that consists of recount of the event in summary form. The second part is background events. This part includes the elaboration of what happened, to whom and in what circumstances. The last part is source that consists of comments by participants, witnesses and authorities experts on the event.

Activity 4

State whether the following statements are true or false based on Activity 3. (T/F) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The bus must have been travelling too fast. The driver of the car must have been driving dangerously. The driver of the truck may not have been driving carefully. The bus was struck by the truck. The bus and the car were in the same direction. To overtake is forbidden on Jalan Sultan.

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Activity 5

Choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the text.

Source: www.football-wallpapers.com

The soccer star David Beckham and his wife, former Spice Girl Victoria, are going to court to defend their image and marriage. The Beckhams are angry that a British tabloid newspaper printed a story that their "happy marriage" was a lie. The News of the World wrote an article saying the Beckhams are just pretending to be happily married to make more money from their

"Beckham brand". The newspaper said the marriage was really "on the rocks" because of a relationship David had with another woman. He strongly denies this. The newspaper article suggested that the Beckhams' huge income depended on their public image. It said the couple tried to convince the public that their marriage was happy to get more advertising contracts. The article also said David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife. A lawyer for the newspaper commented on the high profile marriage, asking: "Is it unhappy, full of rows and tensions because of David Beckham's infidelity, or is it happy? We say unhappy." The Beckhams, meanwhile, insist they are a happily married couple.
Taken from www.breakingnewsenglish.com

1.

2.

The Beckhams huge income is depended on their …. a. news b. image c. contracts d. marriage e. lifestyle According to the newspaper, the Beckhams marriage was unhappy because of David Beckham's …. a. affair b. income c. profession d. public image e. free kick

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3.

New Horizon
Before the invention of printing machines, people spread news by word of mouth, written letters, or public notices. As more people learned to read and write, news reports gained added reliability. Ancient Rome had a particularly sophisticated system for circulating written news. Its publishing practises centered on acta diurna (daily events)
Source: Microsoft Encarta, 2006

4.

5.

The marriage was really "on the rocks" (Paragraph 1 sentence 4) The phrase "on the rocks" means that the beckhams marriage is in a …. condition. a. bad b. good c. strong d. happy e. strange The Beckhams' huge income (Paragraph 2 sentence 1) The word huge means …. a. large b. high c. wide d. big e. small David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife (Paragraph 2 sentence 3) The word arguments means …. a. fight b. angry c. marriage d. discussion e. exercise

Activity 6

Read the following words taken from text and find the synonyms. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. former court article tensions insist lawyer pretend convince contracts advertise

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" Taken from English Form." The exact nature of the charge has not been revealed. 1. but it is understood that a microphone was found under a piece of furniture in a room where important meetings are held. identify the structure of the text. our reporter was told: "At least one hidden microphone was found in a room where top scientists meet. 1990 144 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said: "A secretary has been watching this person for some weeks. Then.Activity 7 Answer the questions by looking through the following news items. Rumours spread like wildfire and employees were instructed not to talk to the press. 4. The secretary has been working for scientists who have secret information regarding germ warfare. 2. 3. Do you think a man or a woman has been arrested? Why do you think so? Which ministry has this person been working for? Where was the microphone found? Have the authorities had their suspicions about this person for some time? A Spy at the Ministry! The Ministry of Defence was in turmoil yesterday after it was learnt that a secretary had been arrested and accused of spying. Do it individually. The discussions held in that room would obviously be of great interest to a foreign power. 1990 1 2 Secretary Arrested at Ministry of Defence Rumours that a secretary working for the Ministry of Defence has been arrested were confirmed last night. Taken from English Form. It is believed that this person knows about research work being carried out on germ warfare. However.

Activity 8

Read the news in Activity 7 once again and answer the following questions. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the first news item. 1. Who had been arrested? 2. What is the person accused of? 3. What was told to the reporter of the news? Questions 4 to 6 are based on the second news item. 4. When was the rumours confirmed. 5. What did the person know? 6. What was found in the meeting room?

Grammar Review
Reported Speech and Direct Speech Study the following sentences. 1. The truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. 2. The truck driver said, "I do not see the car approaching." Sentence number 1 is a reported speech and sentence number 2 is a direct speech. Reported speech is used when we want to report what someone said. The word order is the same as direct speech but we don't use certain punctuation as indirect speech. The tenses in reported speech normally change. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech 1. He said, "I buy a newspaper every day." 2. He said, "I am buying a newspaper." 3. He said, "I have bought a newspaper." 4. He said, "I bought a newspaper." 5. He said, "I will buy a newspaper." 6. He said, "I can buy a newspaper." 7. He said, "I may buy a newspaper." 8. He said, "I must buy a newspaper." 9. He said, "I have to buy a newspaper." 10. He said, "Buy a newspaper."

Your Project
Find an article in a newspaper or magazine. Then identify the direct speeches on it and change them into a reported speeches. Compare your work with your friends.

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Reported Speech 1. He said (that) he bought a newspaper every day. 2. He said he was buying a newspaper. 3. He said he had bought a newspaper. 4. He said he had bought a newspaper. 5. He said he would buy a newspaper. 6. He said he could buy a newspaper. 7. He said he might buy a newspaper. 8. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 9. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 10. He told me to buy a newspaper. Other changes in adverbial of time and place.
Direct Speech • • • • • • • • • • here this now today tonight tomorrow next week yesterday last week two days go • • • • • • • • • • Reported Speech there that then that day that night the following day/ the next day the following week the day before/the previous day the week before/the previous week two days before

Activity 9

Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hamdan asked me to participate in school workshop. Nia wanted me to return her books that I borrowed. Mr Ardi ordered me not to forget submitting my assignment. Alya said she going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Mrs Zakia told me to meet her in the office.

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Activity 10

Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Father said, "Open the window." Ms Anissa said, "Don't forget to do your homework." Prasti said, "I'm going to go on a vacation to Medan." Mr. Siregar said, "I want you to help me delivering some books." Bondan said, "I'm happy for you, Renita." Retno said, "You should read the news." Anita asked, "Have you read today headline news?" "I'm will be a freelance reporter," said Andri. Kania said, "I will write an article to the local newspaper." Deni asked, "What is the hot celebrity gossip today."

Activity 11

Read this news and identify the direct speeches. Then change them into reported speech.

Government Reduces Freeport's Output Jakarta: Freeport-Mc-MoRan Copper & Gold Inc., the world's second-largest copper producer, had its maximum ore production permit in Indonesia cut 26 percent on environmental concerns. "The government only approves a Freeport ore output this year of 220,000 tons a day to reduce the impact on the environment," Witoro S. Soelarno, head of mine inspection at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said. The previous limit was 300,000 tons a day, he said. Phoenix-based Freeport produced on average 229,000 tons of copper and gold ore a day from its Grasberg mine in 2006. Freeport's copper ore output in the fourth quarter of 2007 fell to 926 million of recoverable pounds from 1,044 million of recoverable pounds a year earlier, the company said on its Web site. Gold output in the quarter dropped to 186,000 of recoverable ounces from 544,000 of recoverable ounces, it said. — Bloomberg
Taken from The Jakarta Post, April 15 , 2008

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3 What short of news do you like to read? Do you usually read news headlines? What other parts of a newspaper do you know? Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words given in the box. 2. the most recent event is reported in this paragraph. This is soon encourage readers to read the newspaper report.Writing In this section. The … usually answers the questions ‘who'. • • • • headline caption the events introductory paragraph • • • • date quotes photograph ending statement 1. 148 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2008 1. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of a news item text. simple and catchy. If the newspaper talks about more than one event. what. write news item text. when and where. Source: Microsoft Encarta. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 2. The … of the newspaper is usually short.

The photograph in a newspaper is usually accompanied by a … 7. 8. is an impressive lineup ready to greet fans in Jakarta. Don't forget Your Umbrella Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 4 In addition to Marina and Coco. there is a … that shows who or what the newspaper report is about. The newspaper report may end with an … or comment on the events reported. Along the way. Source: www. The secret of preparation has been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth. 6. A news paper report may contain … that are comments made by people involved in the event. there 1 It takes an enormous amount of strength and concentration to be able to throw the crown around and to make the peacock feathers wave. They are the survivors of one of the biggest cases of great ape smuggling ever detected. There is a series of short paragraphs that provides the details of … 4. The … tells us when the newspaper report appeared in the newspapers. several new recipes have been added and old ones revised. Jamu: from Generation to Generation Kick-boxing Orangutans Return to Jungle Epicenter of Diversity Found Jazz Forecast All Weekend. 5.my-indonesia. Activity 3 Work in pairs and match the following headline to the appropriate news.3. Sometimes. 2 5 They urged more protection for seas 3 around the Bird's Head peninsula at the western end of New Guinea Island from threats including mining and dynamite fishing that can smash coral reefs.info Headline News 149 .

the extra supply is only for subsidized and household kerosene faisal said the additional kerosene will normalize distribution in two or three days. According to him. "because. the kerosene shortage occurred due to the decrease of the quota allocation in the State Budget from 10 million kiloliter to 9. The worst shortages are in Medan and jakarta. there was a kerosene demand hike.9 million kiloliter. kerosene extra supply. said faisal will be done throughout the nation except in balikpapan and sulawesi. after the fasting month. however. he said. According to him.tempointeraktif. To prevent abuse. faisal argued that it is said the kerosene shortage is because pertamina is in a stock deficit. Additional supply.Activity 4 Capitalise and punctuate the following news items. Jakarta: the government asked pt Pertamina to add to the kerosene supply in several areas in indonesia. meet the people's demand he said. the additional kerosene supply is being carried out starting today until the end of year pertamina's director of marketing and commerce ahmad faisal said vice president jusuf kalla ordered that the kerosene supply is being added in order to meet the people's need. This will give kerosene subsidies by between Rp300 billion to Rp250 billion based on the assumption that the subsidy is between Rp3000 and Rp5000 per liter. pertamina Adds To kerosene supply TEMPO Interactive. pertamina estimated a declining trend of kerosene consumption. At first. Source: www. pertamina cooperates with the Agency for Oil and natural gas and the police.com 150 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . has not yet been discussed with the House The important thing is. he said after the coordination meeting on the kerosene shortage in the Vice President's palace yesterday. in those areas there is no kerosene shortage. the extra kerosene is around 100000 kiloliter up to the end of year. he said. especially Cempaka putih and Tomang. The kerosene stock is still enough for 29 days What we do is only to limit sales volume. Do it individually. he said.

January 23. 2.com Activity 6 Look at the following pictures. 6. Source: Kompas. Source: www. 1. A guest had fallen asleep while smoking a cigarette. etc) technology education. last night.Activity 5 Work in groups and rewrite the following news report in your own words. Fire in City Hotel There was a fire at the Plaza Hotel on Jalan Ciomas at 1:30 a. Then present it to the class. sport events outdoors activities extracurricular activities gathering (class. debate. 5. groups. Rewrite them in your workbook. 2008 Source: Tempo. but all the other guests escaped safely. Most of the 74 guests had already gone to bed when the fire started on the third floor. 3. You can choose one of the following topics. the fire had spread to the 4th and 5th floors of the hotel. Mr Sugiarto said the fire had caused over US$70. 4. By the time the fire department arrived. The guest was badly injured in the fire. Pay attention to the text structure of news item text. The hotel manager. 7. May.tempointeraktif.m. 2007 Activity 7 Write a news report for your bulletin board at your school. etc Headline News 151 . Then find a related news report in a newspaper or magazine based on the pictures. said the fire had started in a guest bedroom. etc) contest (speech. Mr Iwan Sugiarto.000 worth of damage to the hotel.

. 2. How do you respond when you hear an amazing news? 3. respond to news item texts.Sources : Comments. identify factual information in news item texts. witnesses to and authorities expert on the event. Now. What will you say when you feel surprised? 2. answer the questions: 1. 5. 4. What should be included in a news item text? If you find some difficulties. Generic structure . express surprise. and amazement. to whom. by participants. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends 152 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important.Chapter Summary 1. you are expected to be able to: 1. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. respond to surprise. . 6. 3.Newsworthy event (s) : recounts the event in summary form. in what curriculum stances. and amazement. write news item texts. : to inform readers. perform a monologue of news item texts. Language Functions Expressions of surprise and amazement • Really? • Good heavens! • Are you serious? • What a surprise! Genre News item Social Function 2.Back ground Events : elaborate what happened.

Which one is the correct statement according to the text? a. a. c. 2. 4. Listening Listen carefully to your teacher to answer the questions. Rock. d. thank you. Of course. A mount eruption. b. c. It keeps the body strong and healthy. Yeah. b. 6. b. d. Thank you. It keeps the body big. The travelling cost doubled. A. Fantastic. a. yeah. 153 . d. a. I don’t think I can make it. A landslide. 1. A tidal wave. Are you kidding? No. Milk contains half of nutrients needed by people. You must be kidding. d. The travelling cost was still the same. What was the cause of the disaster according to a staff of local transportation office in Sungai Penuh? a. Milk contains nothing. What does milk do to the body? a. d. b. thank you. You are going to listen to some short dialogues. 9. Of course. No. b. It keeps the body strong. I’m sorry to hear that. Milk contains all nutrients needed by people. c. b. You’re joking. 3. 5. d. a. 8. What was the effect of the natural disaster to people travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa? a. b. d. Questions 8-12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Incessant rain. c. Tsunami. Questions 6-7 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. What hit a village in Kerinci Regency? a. What a surprise! It's nothing. Not at all. c. b. c. d. Dirt. b. d. c. c. b. c. There was no effect to the travelling cost. a. It keeps the body healthy. c. The travelling cost to Jambi became cheaper.Review 2 7. d. An earthquake. Oh. 10. Thank you. Of course. Milk contains nearly all the nutrients needed by people. Thanks. Questions 1–5 are based on the dialogues you are going to hear. Well done.

11. How long did it take to travel along Jambi-Kerinci route? a. Fifteen hours. b. Ffty hours. c. Five hours. d. Ten hours.

12. When was the traffic expected to return to normal? a. On Tuesday. b. On Friday. c. On Thursday. d. On Saturday.

B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Questions 13-20 are based on the following text. Elephants, Dog and Mice I have never known a dog and an elephant make friends. Elephants will eventually become accustomed to certain dogs in camps, and dogs learn not to bark at them and always to keep out of reach of the slash of a trunk or the kick of a leg. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot easily be explained. It is possible that they are afraid of dogs biting their trunks, though I do not think such a thing ever happened. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia, which is the dread of everyone who keeps a dog in camp, Burman and European Assistant alike. Nevertheless practically every European Assistant keeps a dog and I have almost always had one myself. The elephants hate them and one is always losing one's dog, owing to leopard, tiger, bear and snakes. The tragedies of lost dogs are often an Assistant's first experience of real grief. It is easy to ask, why, under such conditions, do you keep a dog? But I know of no other existence where a dog is so necessary as a companion to share every moment of one's life and to drive away loneliness. So far as I know, elephants don't worry about snakes, though the 'oozies' (drivers) believe that a number of elephants calves die of snake-bite. I have had this reported to me many times but in no instance could I find any proof. The Burmans believe that the hairs of an elephant's tail pull out very easily after it has been bitten by a snake. But, as this has also to be proved, I was never able to accept it as conclusive evidence that an elephant had been killed by snake-bite. There is a widespread belief that an elephant is really terrified of a mouse. The idea makes an obvious appeal to the human love of paradox. But, if it is true, I can see no reason

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for it. It certainly cannot be because the elephant is afraid of the mouse getting inside his trunk, since, with one snort, he could eject it like a cork

from a popgun. However, most fears are imaginary and there is no reason why elephants should be immune from such terrors.
Taken from www.aesopfables,com

13. Which of the following, according to the writer, is true about dogs and elephants? a. Sometimes they make friends. b. Elephants like dogs in camp. c. Elephants are afraid of being bitten by a dog. d. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot be explained at all. 14. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia. Hydrophobia . a. is a disease of dogs b. means being afraid of dogs c. is something only the Burmese are afraid of d. is a disease dogs usually catch from humans 15. Why is one always losing one's dog? a. They go off with other animals. b. They chase other animals and get lost. c. They are killed by other animals. d. The elephants frighten them away. 16. Why do Assistants keep dogs? a. The dogs can stand the difficult conditions. b. They need dogs to protect them. c. The Assistants are lonely. d. The dogs are necessary to accompany elephants.

17. What proof is there, according to the writer, that elephants die of snakebite? a. Baby elephants die of it. b. None. c. The tail hairs of a bitten elephant come out very easily. d. There have been many reports of this happening. 18. Which of the following would you say was true? a. Snakes never bite elephants. b. Snakes only bite baby elephants. c. Snakes may bite elephants. d. None of the above. 19. What is the human love of paradox? a. A love of ideas that seem to contradict each other. b. A love of argument. c. A love of small creatures that frighten large ones. d. A love of strangeness. 20. According to what the writer says of elephants and mice, which of the following is correct? a. Elephants are afraid of mice. b. Elephants may be afraid of mice. c. Elephants are immune from the terrors of mice. d. Elephants are never afraid of mice.

Review 2

155

Questions 21-28 are based on the following text. Tornado Wreaks Havoc in Semarang Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon. Three people were injured and at least five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home, destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday. Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday, accompanied by senior officials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said.
Taken from The Jakarta Post, December 20, 2004

21. When did the tornado hit the district of Tembalang in semarang? a. b. c. On December 17, 2004. On December 18, 2004. On December 19, 2004.

a. b. c.

Less than five houses. More than five houses. Five houses. .

d. Three houses. 23. The tornado hit the district a. b. c. in the morning in the afternoon in the evening

d. On December 20, 2004. 22. How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods?

d. at midnight

156

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

The bedrooms. Success will be based on how well the "team" works. The mayor of Semarang. 27. d. b. d. c. Sukawi Sutarip. The Tembalang District head. d. A joint effort between parents. These are some important factors that should be considered. c. In today's world. Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. 25. c. the schools become part of the process. This is when parents pick a school that parallel their educational beliefs. c. Questions 29-38 are based on the following text. and the schools is established. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. b. fortune whirlwind storm d. b. Parents need to look for a school that will be a "second home" for their children. It is very important that students have good reading comprehension. students who develop skill in two or more languages will find further studies easier. his wife and senior officials. writing and speaking skills. The guest rooms. however. Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. Sukawi Sutarip. when children begin preschools and kindergarten. A villager of Sendangguwo. Preparing the Children Today for Tomorrow Parents strive to have their children academically competitive. The question then becomes what should parents consider in choosing the best education for their children? When should the process begin? The answer is. The kitchen. 28. Their goal is to send their children to good schools as well as to choose extracurricular activities that improve their children's skills and abilities.24. The synonym of the italicised word is . Achyani. Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a. Children learn what is important through their school year. from the time of birth. The residents. Dayat. b. English is considered Review 2 157 . The residents and neighbours. b. Tohirin's neighbour. d. A resident of the District of Tembalang. c. The guest and bedrooms. calamity 26. students. Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a. The mayor of Semarang. a.

If a dual language programmes isn't available. In what age should the children study a second language? 36. What is the meaning of "second home"? 33. A good school will begin with oral language at the earliest opportunity to develop speaking confi dence and to set grammatical structures. 2007 Answer the following questions based on the text above. Studies show that children between the ages of two and six best acquire a second language parallel to their own. Why is Mandarin important? 35. When do children start the process of learning? 31. A school is considered to be a "second home" for the children. Mandarin is becoming more important as China begins to move into world economy. Language acquisition needs to be active. What should the teacher do to activate the language acquisition? 158 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Success will be based on how well the "team" work. What is the advantage of dual language programme? 38. However one cannot develop a second language unless one develops his or her first language. What is meant by the "team"? 32. starting students in school offering dual language instruction programmes have an advantage. the less problem a child will have with improper word use. Why do parents tend to send their children to good schools? 30. The more active in each language students become the more proficient and confident they will be. or is too expensive. Therefore. What should we do if a dual language programme isn't available at school? 37. French and German are necessary for many students are now looking at opportunities in Europe. 29.the business language of today and is important for students who plan to attend university in English speaking countries. vocabulary and grammatical structures are easier to acquire. parents may need to look at different ways to get the needed language instruction. What language should you study if you want to continue your study in Europe? 34. Taken from The Jakarta Post. When a child learn two languages in parallel. Students who develop more than one language have an advantage over competitors applying for college place ment. The earlier a second language is learned.

She said. I know her same place with her. Alarm bells are ringing for parents to be alert. Change the following sentences into passive voice and vice versa 39.C. 46. In the end. please. A B 52. books are mine. who else can children rely on to protect them. We suggest that police start to develop a new approach to dealing with abductions and better protection of our children. Match them with their headlines. ! B 51. I'm really I work in the 48. What's the matter? Britney Spears will marry me. anytime. 41. he looses it Here are the parts of news items from The Jakarta Post. (said while pointing out the books on the table) pair of shoes is broken. as anybody could kidnap their children anywhere. The teacher gave the students a new book. The national museum is visited by the students. those or these to complete the sentences. after or nor to connect the sentences below. A B : : : : : : : 44. . Just pick me up at seven. "I don't know anything about the robbery. Change the following sentences into reported speech and vice versa. I sleep in the class sleepy. Yeah. I have to inform you. My uncle has had an accident. A : Congratulations on your success of getting a scholarship. Use and. 50. before. They must never leave their own residential areas or neighbourhoods. A : . but. A B 53. 45. The man said (that) he had been sleeping when the storm had come. 43. 40. 47. 54. Put this. She plans to go to a movie it's raining. Use for. . (said while showing the shoes he wears) Complete the following sentences with appropriate expressions." 42. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instructions. Review 2 159 . He buys a ruler on the way home. 49. B : I'd love to. that. or or so to connect the sentences below.

The Yemen news agency said the embarrassed man beat a quick retreat after worshippers found his phone ringing inside the bag. e. Bogor and Tangerang.55. Take her home and make her happy. the gang members claimed that they had experience in abducting and killing children particularly in Jakarta. We work hard. Sadistic Kidnappers 160 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . b. Floods Displace More than 7. As if that had not been our intention all along. sweeping away hundreds of animals and destroying a large number of properties in Gewani area of Northeast Ethiopia. c. 58.000 People Protecting Our Children Mobile Phone Gives Away Beggar My Mother Has Cancer d. We laugh hard. Her illness is now at an advanced stage. 57. According to the parents of the victim. A man begging at a mosque in Yemen was exposed as not being destitute as he pretended when his mobile started ringing inopportunely. We pray hard. Torrential rain since August 19. The Headlines a. has caused the Awash river to overflow its banks. 56. Spare us cliches like the God-awful one that a doctor gave me recently–after she collapsed and had to be taken to the emergency unit.

Favourite Stories from Singapore. 1981. New York: Pearson Education. Hock. Monteiro. Bandung: Grafindo Media Pratama. 2003. 1999. 161 . Leon and Charles Shuttleworth. Farida J and Beatrice ThiyagaRajah. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. Cambridge English for School. Second Edition. New Horizons in English 4: Second Edition. English Form 4. Irene-Anne and Jenny Watson.G. Mellgren. Standar Isi. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.Bibliography Books Alexander. Pamela and James Mentel. Elaine and Darcy Jack. Little John. al. Michael et al. London: Oxford University Press. Interactions I: A Communicative Grammar. 2002. 2002. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. A. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. Ibrahim. Tan Soon et al. L.). Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Practice and Progress: An Integrated Course for Pre-Intermediate Students. 2006. Doddy. The World Almanac for Kids 2000. 2000. English Form 3. L. Harris. 1990. 2003. Kirn. 1990. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. English for SMA Volume 2. New Jersey: Primedia Reference. 2000. Ready to Write. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Jon et al. 1988. Blundell. Hartmann. Function in English. 1990. Singapore: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. 2000. Selangor: Mutiara Cemerlang. 2003. Opportunities Elementary. Root Christine. Jakarta: Pustaka Ilmu. Achmad et. Selangor: Pelanduk Publication. 1994. Elaine (ed. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Hill. Intermediate Stories for Reproduction. Andrew and Diana Hicks. Israel. Lars and Michael Walker. Interactions Access: Reading/ Writing. Comber. Balanchard Karen.

Judith et al. 2006.com http://www. Inc. Streetwise: Intermediate Student's Book.com http://www. 2008 Periodicals Publishers Weekly.thejakartapost.short-stories.org http://www. London: Brown Watson Publishing CD-ROM Encyclopaedia Britannica. Reading. New York: Macmillan. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Readings to Remember.com http://www. Rob.english.wikipedia.files.wordpress. Solomon (ed. World Book. Schlakman. 2004 The Jakarta Post January 27.com http://www. 2005. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Inc. Brown. 1997. 2004.breakingnewsenglish.com http://www.). March 8.ac http://www. Singapore: Oxford University Press. 1993. 2007 Deluxe Edition Microsoft Encarta Reference Library.my-indonesia. May 10. 2004.about. London: Oxford University Press. USA: World Book.canauthorsniagara.express. London: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. 2007. 1983. Interactions 1: Listening/Speaking. Alice and Ann Hogue. 2008 Websites http://www. 366 and More Fairy Tales. April 15.indonesiaheadline.com/english http://www.Nolasco.com http://www. Michael. 2006 The Jakarta Post. Oshima.masham3d. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. 2002. January 18.aesopfables.com http://www. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. Writing Academic English: A Writing and Sentence Structure Workbook for International Students.co.write.photobucket. May 2.unitechnology.info http://www. December 29. 2008 The Jakarta Post. 2005 The Jakarta Post.com http://www. 2004 The Jakarta Post. Practical English Usage.joglosemar. Swan. Tanka. Fourth Edition. The World Book Encyclopedia.grimmfairytales.org http://www.uk http://www.com 162 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Watson. 2005 Time.

May 10. 2008 Tempo Kompas. 2000 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2003 Publisher's Documentation www.photobucket. The Jakarta Post. 2002 Microsoft Encarta. 1994 Publisher's Documentation CD Images Childcraft: Make and Do. 2004 Kancil and Cucumber. 2007 Bibliography 163 . May 10. Time. 1992 Tempo. 2005. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 Microsoft Encarta. November 23-29. 2004. 2008 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.football-walpapers. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. March 8. 1996 The Almanac for Kids 2000. 1997 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation ML calendar catalogue. 2008 Kompas January. 2004 Publishers Weekly. 2006 Cambridge for Schools. May. December 29.com Earthquakes.Photo Credits Chapter 1 page 1 page 2 Chapter 2 page 25 page 37 page 38 page 49 Chapter 3 page 51 page 52 page 56 page 57 Chapter 4 page 79 page 83 page 85 Chapter 5 page 103 page 105 page 106 page 110 page 112 page 114 page 124 page 126 page 127 Chapter 6 page 129 page 134 page 137 page page page page 140 142 148 151 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publishers Weekly. 23.com Microsoft Encarta. 1999 Publisher's Documentation 366 and More Fairy Tales. 2006 www.

Glossary accelerator /əkˈseləˈreɪtə / (n): a device (as a pedal) for controlling the speed of a motor vehicle engine appetite/ˈæpətaɪt/ (n): any of the instinctive desires necessary to keep up organic life. relating to. and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit and insects as well as on flesh bear /beə/ (v): to put up with especially without giving way (couldn't bear the pain) blacksmith /'blækˌsmɪɵ/(n): a smith who forges iron blossom /'blɒsəm/ (n): the state of bearing flowers broil /brɔɪl/ (v): to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat: grill cartoon /kɑ:'tu:n/ (n): 1: a drawing intended as satire. used in. rudimentary tails. or produced by chemistry chop /tʃɒp/ (v): to cut into pieces claim /kleɪm/ (v): to assert in the face of possible contradiction clot /klɒt/ (v): to undergo a sequence of complex chemical and physical reactions that results in conversion of fluid blood into a coagulated mass: coagulate clutch /klʌtʃ/ (n): a coupling used to connect and disconnect a driving and a driven part of a mechanism collapse /kə'læps/ (v): to break down completely collision /kə'liʒn/ (n): an act or instance of colliding: clash completion /kəm'plɪ:ʃn/ (n): the act or process of completing complication /ˌkɒmplə'keɪʃn/ (n): complexity. or being a radiotelephone system in which a geographical area (as a city) is divided into small sections each served by a transmitter of limited range so that any available radio channel can be used in different parts of the area simultaneously character /'kærəktə/ (n): one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual chemical /'kemɪkl/ (adj): of. caricature. especially: covering (as of metal) used in combat authority /ɔ:ɵɒrɪti/ (n): persons in command. intricacy. specifically: government bake /beɪk/ (v): 1: to cook (as food) by dry heat especially in an oven 2: to dry or harden by subjecting to heat barrier /ˈbærɪə/ (n): something material that blocks or is intended to block passage bear /beə/ (n): any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair. especially the desire to eat appointment /əpɔɪnmənt/ (n): an arrangement for a meeting approach /əˈprəʊtʃ/ (v): to come very near to armour /ˈɑ:rmər/ (n): defensive covering for the body. or humour 2: comic strip cellular /'seljʊlə/ (adj): of. relating to. especially: a situation or a detail of character complicating the main thread of a plot compound /'kɒmpaʊnd/ (n): something formed by a union of elements or parts content /kæ'ntent/ (adj): satisfy convert /'kən'vɜ:t/ (v): to change from one form or function to another cottage /'kɒtɪdʒ/ (n): a usually small frame one-family house 164 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

or normality cut off /kʌt ɒf/ (v): separate. or destruction. truthful horn /hɔ:n/ (n): a usually electrical device that makes a noise Glossary 165 . increase. or attractiveness erupt /ɪ'rʌpt/ (v): to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up excellent /'eksələnt/ (adj): very good of its kind: eminently good: first-class folk tale /fəʊk 'teil/ (n): a characteristically anonymous. desirability. isolate dangerous /'deɪndʒərəs/ (adj): exposing to or involving danger decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ (v): to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition defence /dɪ'fens/ (n): the act or action of defending deficiency /dɪ'fɪʃənsi/ (adj): the quality or state of being deficient: inadequacy deposit /dɪ'pɒzət/ (v): to place especially for safe keeping or as a pledge deserve /dɪ'zɜ:v/ (v): to be worthy of: merit devastation /ˌdevə'steɪʃn/ (n) desolation by violent action dig /dɪg/ (v): to hollow out or form by removing earth: excavate direction /dɪ'rekʃn/ (n): the line or course on which something is moving or is aimed to move or along which something is pointing or facing disaster /dɪ'zɑ:stə/ (n): a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage. timeless. meeting glimpse /glɪmps/ (n): a fleeting view or look gloomy /'glu:mi/ (adj): lacking in promise or hopefulness: pessimistic gore /gɔ:/ (v): to pierce or wound with something pointed (as a horn or knife) grain /greɪn/ (n): the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants headline /'hedlaɪn/ (n): 1: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows 2: plural: front-page news heavy /'hevi/ (n): having great weight honest /'ɑnɪst/ (adj): free from fraud or deception: legitimate. quality. and placeless tale circulated orally among a people furious /'fjʊəriəs/ (adj): exhibiting or goaded by anger gathering /'gæðəriŋ/ (n): assembly. especially: to increase or improve in value.countryside /'kʌntrisaɪd/ (n): a rural area couple /'kʌpl/ (n): two persons paired together crash /kræʃ/ (n): a breaking to pieces by or as if by collision crash /kræʃ/ (v): to break violently and noisily: smash cope with /kəʊp wɪð/ (v): to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difficulties crown prince /kraʊn prɪns/ (n): a male heir apparent to a crown or throne cubic /'kju:bɪk/ (n): the regular solid of six equal square sides curb /kɜ:b/ (v): to check or control with or as if with a curb cure /kjʊə/ (v): to restore to health. malady enhance /ɪn'hɑ:ns/ (v): heighten. broadly disease /dɪ'zɪ:z/ (n): a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: sickness. soundness. loss.

specifically: the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances opposite /'ɒpəzɪt/ (adj): set over against something that is at the other end or side of an intervening line or space orientation /ˌɔ:rɪən'teɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of orienting or of being oriented outlook /'aʊtlʊk/ (n): point of view outstanding /'aʊt'stændiŋ/ (n): marked by eminence and distinction oxidation /ˌɒksɪ'deɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of oxidizing parsley /'pɑ:sli/ (n): a European biennial herb (Petroselinum crispum) of the carrot family that is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used as a culinary herb or garnish 166 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . or system news /nju:z/ (n): a report of recent events nowhere /'nəʊweə/ (adv): not in or at any place nutrition /nju:'triʃn/ (n): the act or process of nourishing or being nourished. or living in the intestine invite /ɪn'vaɪt/ (v): to request the presence or participation of jack /dʒæk/ (n): something that supports or holds in position jewellery /dʒu:əlri/ (n): jewels. group. occurring. especially: objects of precious metal often set with gems and worn for personal adornment kidnap /'kɪdnæp/ (v): to seize and detain or carry away by unlawful force or fraud and often with a demand for ransom sually high sea wave that sometimes follows an earthquake. an unusual rise of water along shore due to strong winds legend /'ledʒənd/ (n): a story coming down from the past. especially: one popularly regardedas historical although not verifiable librarian /laɪ'breəriən/ (n): a specialist in the care or management of a library liquid /'lɪkwɪd/ (n): a fluid (as water) that has no independent shape but has a definite volume and does not expand indefinitely and that is only slightly compressible loyalty /'lɔɪəlti/ (n): the quality or state or an instance of being loyal lug nut /lu:ʒ nʌt/ (n): a nut used to secure a wheel on an automotive vehicle magnificent /mæg'nɪfɪsənt/ (adj): impressive to the mind or spirit mash /mæʃ/ (v): to subject (as crushed malt) to the action of water with heating and stirring in preparing wort massive /'mæsɪv/ (adj): bulky meal /mi:l/ (n): an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite melt /melt/ (v): to reduce from a solid to a liquid state usually by heat merchant /'mɜ:tʃənt/ (n): a buyer and seller of commodities for profit: trader narrative /'nærətɪv/ (n): something that is narrated: story network /'netwɜ:k/ (n): an interconnected or interrelated chain.horrible /'hɒrɪbəl/ (adj): extremely unpleasant or disagreeable huge /hju:dʒ/ (adj): very large or extensive improve /ɪm'pru:v/ (v): to enhance in value or quality: make better incidence /'ɪnsɪdəns/ (n): occurrence interest /'ɪntrɪst/ (n): a feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects: concern intestinal /ɪn'testɪnl/ (n): affecting.

make tight. a building or area for showing motion pictures thief /ɵi:f/ (n): one that steals especially stealthily or secretly. jewels. a compressed abdomen. or sacrificed under any of various conditions village /'vɪlidʒ/ (n): a settlement usually larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town wealth /welɵ/ (n): all property that has a money value or an exchangeable value whisper /'wɪspə/ (v): something communicated by or as if by whispering. and a long spiny rostrum tape /teɪp/ (n): a narrow flexible strip or band: as a: adhesive tape b: magnetic tape terrific /tə'rɪfɪk/ (adj): extraordinary theatre /ɵɪətə/ (n): a building for dramatic performances. destroyed.pasta /'pæstə/ (n): a dish of cooked pasta peel /pi:l/ (v): to strip off an outer layer of plug /plʌg/ (v): to stop. wish wolf /wʊlf/ (n): any of various large predatory canids (genus Canis) that live and hunt in packs and resemble the related dogs wrap /ræp/ (v): to cover especially by winding or folding Glossary 167 . treasure /'treʒə/ (n): wealth (as money. especially: rumour wildfire /'waɪldfaɪə/ (n): very rapidly will /wɪl/ (n): desire. or secure by inserting a plug procedure /'prə'sidʒə/ (n): 1: a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b: a step in a procedure 2: series of steps followed in a regular definite order quarrel /'kwɒrəl/ (n): a usually verbal conflict between antagonists: altercation question /'kwestʃən/ (v): to interrogate intensively: cross-examine recipe /'resɪpi/ (n): a set of instructions for making something from various ingredients recount /'rɪ:kaʊnt/ (n): a second or fresh count requirement /rɪ'kwaɪəmənt/ (n): something wanted or needed: necessity reward /rɪ'wɔ:d/ (n): something that is given in return for good or evil done or received and especially that is offered or given for some service or attainment rumour /'ru:mə/ (n): talk or opinion widely disseminated with no discernible source sandwiches /'sænwɪdʒɪz/ (n): two or more slices of bread or a split roll having a filling in between b: one slice of bread covered with food scenery /'sə:nəri/ (n): a picturesque view or landscape science-fiction /'saɪənsfikʃn/ (n): fiction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientific factor as an essential orienting component shelter /'ʃeltə/ (n): something that covers or affords protection shrimp /ʃrɪmp/ (n): any of numerous mostly small and marine decapod crustaceans (suborders Dendrobranchiata and Pleocye-mata) having a slender elongated body. or precious metals) stored up or hoarded useless /'ju:sləs/ (adj): having or being of no use: victim /'vɪktɪm/ (n): one that is injured.

108. 115. 50. 170. 167 reported speech 145. 82. 25. 101. 10. 9. 152 O orientation 15. 8. 101. 178 invitation 53. 159 S story 75. 41. 70. 166. 177. 139. 175. Agus 11 Mellgren. 98. Lars and Michael Walker 13. 72. 16 Balanchard Karen. 78. 8. 136. 129. 37. 42. 31. 82. 125 direct speech 145. 164 complication 41. 179 G gratitude 75. 73 R recipe 66. 84. 101. 33. 130. 86 D description 106. 28. 184. 79. 152 F fable 37. 98. 26. 84. 146 E events 11. 75. 109. 138. 117. 80. 135. 34 appointment 54. 134. 102 compliment 78. 80. 173. 8. 184 greeting 2. 166 news item 151. 100. 85. 143. 174 congratulate 79. 91. 177. 129. 116. 102. 165. 151 Index of Author Molgana. 159 pleasure 81. Solomon 89 Effendi 90 Harris. 4. 135. T text structure 15. 174. 148. 4. 10 passive voice 96.G 17 Thurber James 30 Leon and Charles Shuttleworth 39. 181 surprise 53. 128. 174 procedure 57. 3. 3. 40. 63. 98. 170 headline 82. 94. 46. 85. 184 I instruction 2. 141. 122. 166 N narrative 14. 99. 9. 29. 89. 176 sympathy 78. 67. 92. 153. 94. 78. 184 L legend 36. 135. 179. Michael 92 Little John. 172. 100. 117. 102. Brown 83 Schlakman. 61 C character 13. 93. 4. 112. 85. 137. 50. 31. 139. 102. 50. 96. 116. 125 descriptive 107. 149. 99. 169. 3. 59. Andrew and Diana Hicks 110 168 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 107. 10. Root Christine 14 Alexander. 97. 130. 41. 26. 30. 27.Index Index of Subject A affection 28. 74. 24. 132. 9. 147. 104. 10 H happiness 25. 142. 80. 31. 81. 83. 115. 22. 93. 142. 165. 16. 148. 134. 82. 171. 147. 166 P parting 2. 55. 4. 7. 112. 167 recount 141. 140. 41 Watson. 145. 90. 15. 152. 68. 60. 158 introduce 3. L. 66. 111. 43. 131. 40. 122. 162. 88. 81. 24. 91. 37. 101. 169. 71. 103. 171.

5. 3. Dian : Really? Good. How do you do? Nice to meet you. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. Take care.Tapescripts Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Activity 2 No. A girl : Hi. Allow me to introduce myself. Toni : Hello. I must go now. Andi. so I have a friend to share with. Mirna : Wow. I swam and surfed on the beach. My name is Rian. 5. How do you do? 4. There is someone approaching her. My name's Desi. Activity 8 Mirna : Hi. Santi. My name is Lina. Hello. Rian : Good morning. Dian : Nice to meet you too. I went to Bali. My name is Rudi. Fany.. Do you mind if I sit beside you? I'm waiting my friend. Good morning.. and also traditional clothes. Mirna. Fany : That's O. Hi. Rian : Bye. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. Then. it's nice to hear your story. 3. A girl : Excuse me. I also played football and sand with my brother. We are in the same class. I bought shirts. I'm Fany. Rian : Oh. Santi and I have to go right now. Wina. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. Anyway. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. She meets Rian. See you later. Activity 4 1. 4. shorts. Santi. Santi : Hi. Bye. 6. 2. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. 1. Dian : Good morning. too. Rian : Yeah. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. Nice to see you. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning. Lina : No. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. Lina : See you. Nice to meet you. Fany : Well. Let me introduce you to Lina. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fany. right. Toni. It sounds great. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Let me introduce myself. See you later. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive. 169 . Activity 3 Today is the first day at school for Dian. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. this Lina. Mari Memasak Sendiri. I'm Dian. Lina. Mirna : Anyway. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. How are you? My name is . Mirna : Well. Lina. Santi : Hi.K. She interrupts them. Activity 5 Lina is reading a book in the city park. It's OK. nice to meet you too. By the way. they introduce each other. I'm Rendi. nice to meet you again after long holiday. 2. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. I'm sorry I'm late. this is Santi.. I had a great vacation there. Lina : Hi.

The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. 3. 4. I am also happy to have parents like you both. was 2. It gives me satisfaction. 4. 7. Our teacher's father just passed away. Mom. April. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. 2. My father bought me a motorcycle. He must have skidded in the rain. The people are friendly. Hani : Thanks Mom. I'm so blessed to be your Mom. Frankly we both are so proud for your performance at school. 5. but he was afraid to open his mouth. the food's great. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence 6. but it was fun to try. I swam two or three times a day. Dear Evi and Andi. Last Saturday I got on the bus and get to the north and of the island. visited Activity 10 Yogyakarta Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Activity 2 No. Mother : You are a wonderful daughter for us. I learn) Balinese–I still can't say much. The next day we went across to the east coast saw some of the old villages. and the weather's a lot better than at home. well. Hani : Thanks for your praise. 8. swam 7. your father said that he would take you to the department store. Mom? Mother : Perhaps after dinner. played 10. as I said. Andi. You know what. When do we go there. My brother got an accident last night. When I got back to town. did 3. I'm so happy. It was much quiet there than here–very beautiful. Words 1. You win a free ticket to Bali. 5. there wasn't much left. I hope. good news 2. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Mother : My dear daughter. Dialogue 2 Deni : Hi. but no tourists. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. Hani : Hooray! That's great. surfed 9.Activity 9 1. left 6. Can you believe it? Most days were pretty lazy. 3. 170 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . had 4. It was a really great place. Just a note to let you know that we had a wonderful holiday in Bali. Did you hear that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? How awful! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. Aisha Activity 11 I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side. I'm delighted to hear that. Activity 3 1. At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. I'm so happy. 1st 2008 Expressions It's really great. went 5. so I was the one who talked to people. but my brother Fachri just spent all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. Fachri actually spoke it quite well. Love to your parents. bought 8. See you soon.

I'm interested in reading legends.its a bout superhero.000.. so he decided to teach them a lesson. I'll see him in the hospital right away. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he disappeared into the woods. Panji : Thank you very much. they are on the corner shelves. "Did you hear that Mr. "I've lost my wallet somewhere.. The other sons tried and were also unsuccessful." 8. but if you are divided among yourselves. on the TV news. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital.on it. What can I do for you? Panji : Hello. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than Metro-Goldwyn lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. Bon. 4. 2004 Activity 5 1. you will be broken as easily as a single stick. and unite to assist each other." 2." 4. All of them are folk tale books. "You are excellent and brilliant.. But i don't know where to find them. Was he badly injured? Sure. My name is Putra I like reading comics. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on. It's my job to help everyone who needs books in this library. He wasn't. if you are of one mind. (Panji and Boni go to the corner shelves. hmmm ." 5. Activity 9 The Father and His Sons A father had a family of sons who were always fighting. you will be like these sticks together. Many people died and got serious injured. was he? He was. Panji.. I need some books about folk tale. The little girl said yes she was. I saw a bad thunder storm in California." 3. He was in hospital for five weeks. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. Finally. I am Ridwan. That's terrible.. he was such in pain. "Congratulations. You got a great mark for the final test. Now. Boni : Let me help you. That's very kind of you. He told his sons to bring him a bunch of sticks. I like to read fable. My name's Fitra. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" asked the wolf. 2 3. Right now I am reading new series of Harry Potter. He broke his legs. He had no luck trying to stop their arguments with words. Activity 8 The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. Activity 6 Boni : Hi. Rendy got a serious cancer disease?" 6. Panji : Thank you. When the little girl opened the door of her grandmother's house.) These are the books that you need. It's got Rp. Taken from Readings to Remember. "Rendi was knocked down by a car. You get Rp 10. Activity 7 1. He was arrested for traffic violence" 7. The story and the adventure is interesting." Tapescripts 171 . Boni : Folk tale books . He couldn't even stand up. The eldest son tried with all his strength but was not able to do it. The father said. He took the sticks and gave them to his eldest son and asked him to break them. "Well done. She had approached no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she saw that it was not her grandmother but the wolf. You get a free ticket for this holiday. I like Sangkuriang story. I'm reading Aesop's fables. "My sons. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. The title is Uzumaki Naruto.000 credit bonus. I am Lita. 100. "I heard that Budi was in jail.Andi Deni Andi Deni : : : : Andi : Deni : Andi : Oh that's too bad. Boni : Don't mention it. "Yesterday. a big wolf waited in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother. I'm looking for some books for my assignments. What I don't know where to find them.

• Place the slices on a piece of bread. Fauzi. 6. but I've got an exam tomorrow. who always sees him for general check up. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow holiday? Rita : Too bad. Finally. I'll promise I'll be there. First. Susi. Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Arief and Rita are fond of literature. Activity 8 1. Lina continues her reading. place the slices on one piece of the bread. The girl : I'm Fanny. We can meet next time. the girl offers something. won't you? 3. How about tomorrow morning? 8. I'm very sorry. You will come to my birthday. please. Nice to meet you too. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? 2. This is Andre. I'd love to come. • Take two slices of bread. my name is Lina. Would you like to come to my house? Rita : Really? Tell me. Dr Fauzi : Hi Andre. Now. (Lina takes the sandwich. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? Rita : I'd love to. He had a friend. After a long silence. Then. decide. • Cut some cheese into slices. This is about our appointment. Spread butter on each piece. Dr Fauzi : See you. One day. Bye. and watching drama. Fany : That's OK. Mr Andre Posuma. Mr Posuma : Hello. By the way. It has been two months since my last visit to you. I'll decide to come or not. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. I have nothing to do. Would you like to come? Susi : Certainly. They enjoy reading stories. Mr Posuma : I'll be there. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. but I can't come. See you. Dr Fauzi : Well.00 in the morning. Dr Fauzi : Bye. Ten minutes later. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. It's OK. cut cheese into slices. Thank you for asking me. put the other piece on the top.. I'd love to. Mr Posuma : Alright. Arief and Rita have a chat. that's OK. Lina : Could you tell me how to make this sandwich? Fany : OK. Then. Let's meet at five. I'd like to. 7. • Put a slice of butter on each slice. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. It's me. great. Fany. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. Andre. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. I think . take two pieces of bread. I don't think I can come to your party. There is someone approaching her. Activity 3 1. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. Doni : Great.. it won't surprise you. 172 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . She interrupts them. novels. Fauzi. Lina : No. I will attend a meeting. Lina : It's very simple. Dr Fauzi : What's wrong? Mr Posuma : Mmm… actually. Rita : Wow. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. I'm sorry I'm late. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani.) It's very delicious. Then. I'm sorry I can't make it. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. Dialogue 2 Dr Iwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. Dr Fauzi : OK. • Put the other piece of bread on the top. See you there. Santi : Hi. 10. Thank you very much.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Activity 2 Doni : We're having a party on Saturday night. Nice to meet you. A girl : Excuse me. After that. I'll be at your house at 8. Can I help you? Mr Posuma : I'd like to have a general check up. 9. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? 5. 4. his friend calls him. Activity 7 Lina is reading a book in the city park. Mr Posuma : Hello. On the way home.

Activity 9 Instruction: 1. 8. What does Dina say before she refuses the invitation? 5. thanks a lot.' she said. and put the coffee on the stove and pour a bit of the water into one of the cups. Place the paper on a flat surface with one corner on top in the shape of a diamond. So. "Well. Review 1 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. How do you do? What does Mr Black say? 3. Activity 11 1. Push the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. What you have should look like a kite. It Could Be Worse I entered the hotel manager's office and sat down. Mr Smith : I don't think we've met before. Then. 3. 4. then unfold it. Draw a face on your whale. or else it'll overflow and make a terrible mess. anyway you put the pot back on the stove and let the coffee come back to the boil very slowly. What does James say? The following text is for questions 6 to 10. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset. you should pour back the water that you poured off earlier–this helps to make the grounds settle. ‘Everyone's losing money these days. 2. Make your folds as sharp as possible. Heat the water. It contained £50. the coffee will rise slowly up to the top of the pot. and four level teaspoons of sugar in the coffee pot. you take it off the stove. Activity 10 Andre : How do you make Turkish coffee? What do you have to do exactly? Jim : Well. Fold up the point at the end to make a tail. say you want to make four cups of coffee. See? OK? Andre : Yes. Jim : Don't mention it.' The manager was sympathetic. 3.2. 4. Add boiling water. it's very important not to put the coffee in before you've poured some water off. and stir it. James : Thanks for your help. Jim. Santi : Din. 2. You can now blow on the pinwheel and watch it spining. 1. When it starts to boil. Then you light the gas. thanks. Put an egg into the water. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. OK? You put four cups of cold water. How do you do? Mr Black : I'm Black. I'm fine. Take out the egg and let it cool. Ali : Can I borrow your pen? Andi : Sure. How are you today? Dani : Good morning. but he could do nothing. "I left the money in my room. I'm Smith. Draw two lines from one corner to another of the paper. 1994 Tapescripts 173 . 3. Put some water in a pot. Now. Fold over the right side to meet the left side. would you like to go to the movie with me? Dina : Thanks anyway but I'm busy right now. "there is still some honesty in this world!' Taken from Practice and Progress.' I said. Fold the lower left and lower right sides so they meet at the crease. Jim.' I said to the manager. 6. Fold the point on the left over to meet the right point. "I found this outside this gentleman's room. Pour it into a glass or cup. Alex : Good morning. 7. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. You will have a crease in the centre. Now fold down the top point to make a small triangle. you put the four heaped teaspoons of coffee in the coffee pot. Add some sugar or milk. 5. Cut inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. Here it is. Fold over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. What does Andi say when he gives the pen? 4. Leave it for three minutes. Turn the shape so that the long side is facing you. Boil the water for three minutes.' he said. 5. What does Dani say to reply to Alex's greeting? 2. "and it's not there now. • • • • • • • • • • Put some tea into a teapot. OK? Before you pour the coffee out. and when it reaches the top.

Andi : Thanks a lot guys. You know what? I have passed for the final test. Well done! Andi : Thanks for your compliment. So he put down his chopsticks and told the servant to clear the table. "Oh. Andi : Oh. • Well done! • Fantastic/terrific! You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific. Desi : Wow. that's amazing. Desi : That's great. Desi. Taken from English Bestseller 12. 7. You look charming Andi I like your style 4. 2. Desi. 6. Andi.' "Why are you eating the dead chicken?' asked the surprised landowner. Andi. 2. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. On the way home. 2001 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well Activity 2 Words 1. I know you are very smart. great charming fantastic congratulate 5. 1. 4. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. too. • May I congratulate you on …. My stomach can't take any more food. Step 2 : Thread the plastic clothes line through the holes.' The landowner thought that he had been served a long-dead chicken. I guess it's just my luck. You look great today! I love your new hair style. Desi : Never mind Andi. Step 3 : Pull up on the strings as you walk tall on your tin-can stilts. You know what. 6. Activity 5 • What a charming dress! • That's a very nice coat! • You look nice. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : Is it true what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. 2. • I like your hair style! • You're terrific/fantastic. Desi : Thanks. 3. Andi. Joko : It's a terrific job. It is me. the boy started eating the chicken's legs greedily. "This is enough for me. 3. You are so kind. no. Move around on Tin-Can Stilts You will need: • 2 large coffee or dried milk tins • 4 metres plastic clothes line Step 1 : Ask an adult to punch two holes near the unopened end of each tin. Andi. Activity 3 1. My brother won a national singing contest. he meets Desi. 5. politely saying. thanks. his friend. The next day. 4.' Just then. saying at the same time. the farmer's youngest son ran in. You look great. I got the highest score for the test. Desi : Hi. I've got it. In the course of the meal. Tie the ends together. 1996 The following text is for questions 13 to 17. By the way. Live Chicken for Dinner? A landowner from Seoul went to visit his farmer in the countryside and was treated to a grand dinner of boiled chicken. Andi. "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. Taken from Childcraft: Make and Do. She congratulates and compliments Andi.The following text is for questions 11 and 12. I'm so happy right now. Congratulations! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. "Who eats live chickens?' replied the boy. terrific farewell achievements extremely Expressions Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test. I got a scholarship to study abroad. How are you doing? Andi : I am fine. I passed my final exam 5. 3. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. 8. 7. Andi : Thank you very much. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. • Congratulations! • Congratulations on your …. Riska : Congratulations! We're happy for you. Your performance is amazing. It's my pleasure. this is really delicious. shouting. 174 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 8.

rendered the Roman defense useless and opened the gate into the well defended city. allowing other Greek soldiers who were waiting outside the gates to come inside. and she worked very carefully. and in ten minutes all job was done. he was one of the many "tribal kings' that went to attack the Romans. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Activity 2 Henry : Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry : : : : : : : : : : : : Hello Yuni. Thanks. It is the largest and most famous ancient Roman amphitheatre. Thanks. one of the Witch's friends come over to visit. Here it is and thanks. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. When she looked around the room. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. Where do they originally come from? 1. It worked very fast. It's all right. one on top of the other. The horse was a gigantic wooden statue of a horse built in the guise of a gift for the Romans. After lunch she started to paint. Thanks. thank you. I have to repaint it. 4. "Broom. I'll tell him. When she wanted to start the upper part she found out that she couldn't reach it. and the walls are bigger. B. Would you like to go with me to a music concert? 2. Each of the three arcaded stories originally had 80 arches. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how grateful I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. It is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain. she said "Your house is ugly. 5. in southwestern England. The Romans. 2005 Tapescripts 175 . The monument consists of a circular group of large upright stones surrounded by a circular earthwork.Activity 6 Here are some folklores. How are you this morning? Hi. turn into a paint brush and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and it started to paint the upper walls. The Greeks then built chambers within the giant horse to allow some soldiers to hide inside to infiltrate the strong roman defense. The Witch was very happy. In the afternoon she finished the lower part of her house. Yuni. The Tongue Bitter Activity 7 and 8 One morning. My house is more beautiful than yours. please. Activity 5 A. The Greeks won that battle decisively thanks to Odysseus' brilliant idea of building a "Trojan Horse'. It is elliptical and has three stories surmounted by a fourth story pierced with window like openings. And you? I'm just fine. The police have found your missing purse. 3. Please come in and have a seat. Here it is. Malin Kundang 2. Taken from Microsoft Encarta. When all the Roman soldiers were drunk and unconscious. That she got an idea. C. the Greeks slowly descended out of the "Horse Statue'. It is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces. The Red and White Onions 3." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and shouted. Activity 10 During the battle of Troy there was a Greek hero named Odysseus. the Witch looked around her house and she said to herself. I have kept the package for you. "my friend was right. Henry. Great. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. thinking that the Greeks have admitted defeat by leaving them a gift of gesture in the form of a "Horse Statue' were overjoyed. They brought the "gift' into their castle and partied throughout the night. Activity 3 1. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. The entire edifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. Fine. sure. thanks. This man has saved y our daughter's life. Sangkuriang 4. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint. How kind of you. By the way. I would like to invite you for dinner tonight.

Are you serious? 6. We will have a holiday someday. It's very tragic. This is terrible. it is also well known for the fascinating stained glass windows representing the Dutch Symbolism. I tell you the truth. Please. 2. : Keep calm guys. How very surprising/amazing. Father : Oh. from April 18 to 20. Besides its thousand doors. Aldi : Shh. look! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. What a surprise! 2. that's very surprising. Good heavens! 6. no. My goodness! 5. Well. television singing contest (known as variety shows or talent shows) are jostling for airspace with sinetron (Tv soaps). : What! Are you serious? : Oh. No. with cars and other vehicles unable to move. Andi : Attention.. "One singing contest even secured higher ratings than the most popular sinetron. News 3 Lately.Activity 6 Lawang Sewu is one of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia. " The design of the park is under way. News 4 Five companies have collaborated to stage in Jakarta a three day environmental festival called Greenfast2008 that is aimed to promote awareness of global warming in a approachable and entertaining design. News 2 Jakarta: The Jakarta administration will begin development of Ayodia public park in Barito. The building has numerous long winding corridors which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand. It seems that he brings bad news for us. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. 3. I can't imagine that.. guys. no! Another disaster? (Then. He told me about our holiday. Iwan : Dad. in July. South Jakarta.OK my friends. Aldi Andi Feny Aldi Andi Indah Andi : Be quiet Feny! : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. Many roads are flooded. dear. Oh really? Is it true? 3. Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 2 1. It is a famous landmark in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. : I'm serious. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. Really? 4. South Jakarta. That's very disappointing. I don't believe it. The festival is to be held at the eastern parking a lot of Senayan. please! I have something to tell you. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. Feny : Really? Why are you so gloomy? Bad news? Activity 4 1. Many people became homeless. Father : We know how it feels. 7. It is named Lawang Sewu which means a thousand doors. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. 176 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . You're kidding! Activity 7 News 1 The torrential rain which has been falling now for the last four days has resulted in many people in the south-east of Britain being unable to leave their homes. You must be kidding. I find that very surprising Activity 3 Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. I don't believe it. The tender process for the project is expected to finish by the end of June. be quiet. Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. Thousands of people were killed. What a shocking.) Iwan : Yeah.. 5." Deputy Governor Prijanto said Monday at city hall. "AGB Nielsen Media Research communications executive Andini Wijendaru told The Jakarta Post on Friday. pay attention to our leader. Are you serious? 4. : Oh.

I don't think I can make it. game consoles. he said. Kristin : I can't come to your party. The regulation. The traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh was expected to return to normal on Thursday after the Kerinci administration deployed necessary equipment to repair the damaged road. A staff of the local transportation office in Sungai Penuh said on Wednesday that the landslides was caused by incessant rain on Monday which caused dirt and rocks to cover and damage two sections of the road. Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia.000. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood.000.. What does Rani say when Agus congratulates her? 2. milk has most of these nutrients in large amounts and in such proportions that they can work as a team to help keep the body strong and healthy. "My office is still drafting the regulation on study time. : I'm busy. Rita : Thank you. Rani : Thanks. During study time. Nany : Your performance in the drama is very great. Transportation Paralysed in Jambi JAMBI CITY. What does Rita say when Nany compliments her? The following text is for questions 6 and 7. which costs them twice as much as the regular fare. Trailing to an Emmanuel Adebayor goal. 1996 3. developing nations have taken a raft of measures to increase imports. Tanti : Hey. United hit back with a penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo and Owen Hargreaves free-kick to go six points clear of Chelsea. What does Erwin say to express his sympathy? 5. Milk is the most nourishing of all foods and a favourite drink of people throughout the world. Activity 9 Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory BEKASI: The Bekasi municipality administration will force students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. November 18. 2004 Tapescripts 177 . He is in the hospital now. Taken from The Jakarta Post. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. You deserve to get that award. News 6 Manager Alex Ferguson said Manchester United had beaten their nerves and a very good Arsenal side in Sunday's 2-1 victory at Old trafford. Agus : Well done. Milk has almost all the nutrients (nourishing substances) that people need for growth and good health.com on Monday. do you know that Antonio Banderas will marry me? Anti : Really? Are you kidding? What does Anti say to response to Tanti? The following text is for questions 8 to 12. paralysing traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh. What does Ken say to refuse Indra's invitation? 4.m. : Let's meet at 8. People travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa have to take the Trans-Sumatra highway bypassing Solok in the neighbouring province of West Sumatra. Jambi: A landslides hit a village in Kerinci regency. when cereal prices began rising. who play Wigan Athletic on Monday.00. Erwin : I'm sorry to hear that. a driver of a passenger bus plying the Jambi-Kerinci route." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. Indra Ken Review 2 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5.News 5 The surge in world food prices is accomplishing what seven years of trade talks haven't knocking down import barriers. said that it took him 15 hours for the trip. in time for National Education Day. with four Premier League games to go. Herman. My brother is ill. visiting shopping malls or going to entertainment centers will be allowed. Elementary and high school students will have to study from 6 p. would be issued on May 2. In addition. no TV.m. to 7:30 p. "The study time must be effective. the regency's capital. Since early 2007. 1. instead of the regular fare of Rp50." Mochtar said. He failed to mention what punishments would be imposed on students who did not comply. five hours longer than usual and passengers were charged Rp125.

She was so surprised. 7. (b) Hi. It takes place in the city park. 3. (b) Hi. She was born in October 31. I lived in Jakarta from 1995 to 1998. Andika did. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. 2. 5. She says see you. 3. He decided to bu a new record of D' Massive. My name is Rian 6. Bye. this Lina. It took for about one and a half hour. Event 3 : When I got back to town. saw 6. No. b 2. 3. 4. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. b 5. We went camping. she does. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. I'm Dian. 5. at 4:00 in the afternoon. Desi. Activity 5 1. Lina. (a) I'm just fine. 7. Activity 8 1. A piece of paper that the man gave. than 8. and even some of my friends performed a standing comedy. get 3. 10. Nice to meet you. Activity 4 1. 4. 6. c 4. 4. We spent our time observing plantation and insects. had 7. Let me introduce you to Lina. learn Activity 10 Event 1 : At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. happy. Good morning 2. (b) Glad to meet you. He asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. Take care. Activity 3 1. 8. We sang.m. He was very friendly. too. I'm Deni. 5. At noon when it was getting darker. as I said. went 5. Nice to see you. Hi. 2. believe 9. He was looking for a record store. read poetry. She also introduces herself. 178 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Yes. 4. Good morning 5. quiet 4. there wasn't much left. 5. a Activity 8 1. Allow me to introduce myself 3. 4. How are you? 3. Event 2 : The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. spent 12. Her heart beat faster when she heard his voice.00 in the morning and arrives in Singapore at 10:45. well. (b) Good morning.00 p. 5. Activity 3 1. Activity 10 1. 5. 6. Rudi. this is Santi. Linda was born in 1952. I must go now 9. 4. 3. she didn't. danced. Yes he did.Answer Key Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. He was so surprised. Three persons are involved in the dialogue. 2. He was walking down Sunda Street. c 3. My name is Lina. 2. She confuse. 28th 2008 at 8. 2. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 2. I'll meet you for lunch on Tuesday at noon. got 2. 4. She takes the train on Saturday at 9. Activity 4 1. Nice to meet you too 8. swam 11. In March. Santi. 7. lazy 10. 3. speechless. She talks to Lina. played magic tricks. Activity 2 1.

Activity 6 1. Activity 3 1. The teacher was correcting paper at her desk. She cried in front of me. Sally was listening to music in her room. nightgown on 3. Answers may vary. Harry Potter 3. Activity 4 1. Did you hear 4. adventure novel. 9. 2. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. Activity 9 1. (a) Oh. that's good news. Answer may vary. that's too bad 6. They didn't not know each other. The red flowers were there to remind them about Rosaura. Activity 8 1. Sangkuriang 4. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. happy 2. asked 7. 3. 4. Putra. (b) Is that right? That's too bad. It's about finding the story books. Rosaura. No. superhero comics. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 8. 6. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. blessed Dialogue 2 1. Fitra. great 3. I'll take care of it. Because the colour of the petals of the flowers was the same as the colour of Rosaura's ribbon. I'm so glad right now. a basket of food 6. You have my sincere condolences. Because Rosaura's mother thought that Rosaura was always happier when she was in the fields. Answer may vary. Aesop's fables Activity 8 1. 7. they couldn't. Activity 7 1. 7. 7. she didn't. 2. disappeared 8. Hiding from her mother and father. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. 5. Legends. (a) I'm sorry to hear that. (b) Oh really? That's great. 8. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. Did the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? 6. 2. 8. That's terrible 3. 5. Rosaura ran away from her house. I'm so sorry to hear that.Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 3. see him Activity 5 Answers may vary. 4. 3. Activity 4 Answers may vary. 6. 3 Wahyu falled in love with the new student. 4. Superhero fiction. 4. A folk tale. waited 5. 3. Answer Key 179 . 4. Because she wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. He is looking for some books for his assignments. 10. fable. Activity 2 1. Folk tales books 5. Six peoples. Metro-Goldwyn 4. No. Roy was taking a nap on the couch. legends. 2. Answer may vary. Boni and Panji. Answer may vary. 5. 2. Activity 4 Story A is not in the correct order. Ridwan. 10. I'm so happy for you. (a) How terrible! 3. even stand up 2. The story reveals how the red poppy come to be. 2. 9. saw that 4. proud 4. opened 2. Uzumaki Naruto 2 Lita. How awful! 5.

Activity 2 1. garlic. on the top. Eighty six percents. Activity 2 Material butter milk egg chocolate cheese flour sugar Method remove chocolate pour garnish roast mix knead add boil sprinkle braise Sentence Connector first then next finally Activity 3 How to Prepare Fried Rice • To make fried rice you will need some rice. • Then. 3. 15. I'm sorry I can't make it. • Stir the mixture and add salt. Would you like to come to my party on Saturday night? 3. I'd love to come. I'll be there 6. pepper and other spices. I'm sorry. d 2. 2. 4. a 3. tomatoes and cucumber. Review 1 A. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. you can break in two or three eggs. b a c c b 16. Could you tell me 5. Invitation. Activity 8 1. press one of the switches at the bottom. 2. 4. Activity 2 1. Nice to meet you. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 2 1. a 5. Let's meet at five. 5. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top. Being friendly. 14. To move the fan up or down. How to Make a Cheese Sandwich. 5. Turkish coffee. How to Make a Cup of Tea. 3. c b a b d 11. Do you want some? 3. • When the rice is cooked add it to the meat and the vegetables. 1. Invitation. I'd love to. vegetables. • First. first pull up the oscillating pin. 7. 2. b d a c a Listening 6. 2. meat and eggs. Thirty students. that's OK. Activity 3 1. To change the speed of the fan. Twenty eight. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 13. Being friendly. d Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. a 180 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . d 4. 8. 2. Answers may vary 3. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? 3. 6. How to Boil an Egg. 3.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan • At the same time cook the rice in another pan. Activity 6 1. Ask a friend. if you like. Answer may vary. 10. 4. 2. • Finally. 7. Activity 10 1. After that 7. Activity 4 1. First. • Now. then press the tilt adjustment knob. To make the fan move sideways. Activity 7 1. 4. It's OK. 9. Certainly. 12. 2. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. • The best vegetables to use are onions. push the pin on top of the motor 4. 2. 4. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. Would you like to come to my house? 2. 3. d 17. 8.

b 35. A dragon. Activity 8 1. 31. (e) Pak Aman sells hat in the village 2. 5. while he was going from one village to another. d 34. found out 9. 6. 5. He put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. You look great today 3. come over 2. c Activity 2 1. 30. f d g Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. I do. it started Activity 10 1. 43. 32. 3. 3. (b) So has sat down under the tree to sleep. Activity 4 1. 19. 4. finished 8. No. c 4. He died. 37. Activity 3 1. This new computer game is bought by my brother for me. e 3. (c) He was very angry and threw a stone at them. Writing 23. 26. 8. 5.B. 4. True Activity 9 1. True 5. I think so. 25. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake. 44. Grendel 2. Fifty years. they didin't. a 4. 2. 9. (j) The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. (g) There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. a 3. went to the shop 6. 33. True 6. Reading 18. 5. 10. 6. Activity 3 1. How are you doing 2. b 5. he felt very tired 3. shouted 4. 39. 22. 27. ran away. Chapter 4 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. 24. d a a d c 28. Congratulations Activity 5 Answers may vary. Congratulations 6. 7. looked around 5. 6. False 8. 21. c d b a a 41. a Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. a paint brush 10. started to 7. (i) The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. a 2. a 3. True 2. 7. 2. more beautiful 3. the the a Yes. False 4. A special sword. The wax statue is melted by a fire at the House of Wax. Yes. bought read Put shave killed. Thanks for Dialogue 2 1. I'm so happy 5. a c c b c C. b 4. (k) One day. Well done! 7. 45. The President's is taken by the cameraman several times. Is it true 2. Activity 6 1. 42. c c Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. True 7. The beautiful story of prince and princesses is written by her. False 3. b 5. She went to the castle and killed a knight. 20. 4. b 2. Thank you very much 4. 3. 40. A family is helped by the firefighters from being trapped in a ruin. 29. Answer Key 181 . 36. 38. 4. It is me terrific job Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary.

8. b 10. T 5. Activity 3 1. Activity 5 A. Picture 3 C. 9. and roofs are from wood. 7. The wall is from stone and the floors. i 9.000 years ago Physical appearance: on top of a hill. Lawang Sewu 3. h Activity 4 1. 4. thanks 4. 4. 4. Wiyogo. East of the cave. on 7. 5.700 km from the coast of Chile Time of building: between 1150–1500 Physical appearance: 600 large statues 2. how kind of you thanks grateful thanks At the library. It's all right. thanks 2. how kind of you. historical buildings 2. A steep gorge. at 9. 3. b 4. a 8. It is located near Pacitan in East Java. m 11. (f) At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. in Tabuhan. Picture 1 Activity 6 1. The Horseshoe falls and the American Falls. 7.8 kilometre). a Activity 4 Answers may vary. 6. of 8. (h) He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. Yes. 3. Canada and the United States. I won't say no. coconut-palms and birds. of 11. 90 years old. F 3. Pueblo Bonito Location: in the desert of the Chaco Canyon Time of building: 1. Thanks. Yes. 8. he is. Activity 12 1. 6. a thousand doors 4. long winding corridors 6. T 2. k 4. On Sunday morning. 2. (a) Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. d 5. g 7. a 3. Easter Island Answers may vary. (d) So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. 10. doors. And so on. 11. Africa Time of building: 1.5 mile (0. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Activity 7 Answers may vary. in a lime hill called Tapan. for 12. to 14. 6. l 13. in 13. stained glass windows 5. 2. Activity 2 1. 5. It is on Niagara River. 5. Great Zimbabwe Location: Zimbabwe. 2. 2. of 4. 182 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3.This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back. Wareng village. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirit. f 3. F 4. thanks 1. a 2. e 6.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. 3. Activity 2 1. 2. there is a large castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. for 3. Activity 8 1. he can. F Reading Activity 1 Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. She'd love to. Picture 2 B. Ardi does. Activity 10 1. how grateful I am. c 12. near Activity 13 1. 5. Returning sport magazine he lent. Activity 3 1. A well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer). landmark Location: in the South Pacific. Tell her brother how grateful he is for his help to lend him his magazine.000 years ago Physical appearance: nine multi-storey building called ‘Great Houses'. b 5. for 15. thank you 3. 4. of 10. for 5. of 6. Beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-ricefields. 5. 3. 3. for 2. j 2.

Big Island and Maui. 3. 3. so gloomy 6. "Fine". This is terrible. Oahu. In 1999. A plain big stone. a palace. 7. T 4. T 2. Kauai. Activity 2 1. Answer Key 183 . dear Activity 4 to 6 Answers may vary. will force 2. 3. look! 2. 3. Paragraph 17 3. As little as 1. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. Are you serious? 2. They are greeted by mountains of ham and pancake. 6. 2. Bali in Action : amazing activities in Bali. bad news 5. News 3 2. and a prison-the scene of murder.8. Full board. they do. lovely 5. draw 3. issued 4. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. huge 2.'s finest castles. We know how it feels Dialogue 2 1. F 7. 4. News 6 3. 9.250 euros per person for seven nights. News 5 Activity 9 1. Paragraph 7 5. 5. 8. Activity 7 1. Activity 4 The Tower of London was first built in the 11th century within the Roman city walls. Paragraph 3 4. Activity 7 1. 9. F 3.K. The Tower is one of the U. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. Its purpose was to protect and control the city. It also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays. entertainment centers 6. F 5. showing nine centuries of British history. and. period: to end sentence comma: to separate words. every year Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 1 Answers may vary. Paragraph 14 2. Oh. Yes. ceremonies. Activity 5 1. phrases. regulation 3. to study 5. How the Tower of London is now. is the home of the Crown Jewels. News 1 5. T Activity 6 1. Activity 5 1.700 kilograms. Oh. no! 4. or clauses in a series apostrophe: to show possession Speaking Activity 1 to 9 Answers may vary. To visit Waikiki Beach which is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacobana. They contain a description of places. Since then it has been a fortress. Activity 3 Dialogue 1 1. T 8. I don't believe it. we can't. 2. Paragraph 10–12 2. Attention 4. from colourful shirts. execution. Mount Kosciusko : spectacular mountains in Australia. 10. as one of the strongest fortresses in the land. Activity 8 • the capital city of France • one of the most beautiful cities in the world • one of the world's most crowded cities • lovely gardens and parks • many palaces and statues • the city of light • millions of people • the most popular place to visit • the Eiffel Tower • this huge structure • the Louvre • one of the world's largest art museums • many visitors • the Cathedral of Notre Dame • a famous church • another favourite place to visit Activity 9 1. F 6. and years of imprisonments. crowded 4. Lights. News 2 4. "Aloha" means love and well-being and stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. How the Tower of London was. F 9. would be imposed Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. News 4 6. F 10. No.

18. 51. c 58. 2. ending statements Activity 3 1. d d 26. 3. a Activity 7 1. 35. d Because parents want their children academically competitive. 12. a 3. Activity 2 1. Hamdan asked. 31. Those 46. "Meet me in my office. 33. Activity 4 1. 36. Kick boxing Orangutans return to jungle 4. 53. 41. Don't forget Your Umbrella 5. We should look at different ways to get the needed language." said Mrs Zakia. introductory paragraph 3. Answer may vary using gratitude expressions. 20. 13. 16. 54. Ministry of Defence." 5. These 47. b 2. 37. 40. 52. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. d 55. 4. Between the age of two and six. Yes. T Activity 5 1. b c 24. 38. In the room where top scientists meet 4. T 3. 4. 17. 42. 11. Answer may vary using sympathy expressions. d b 28. T 2. The students were given a new book by the teacher. date 5.Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. a 5. Reading C. b a d c Listening 5. quotes 8. c c 23. 6. Review 2 A. Answer may vary using invitation expressions. 14. b a 22. they have. "Would you like to participate in school workshop." 2. before 49. Answer may vary using surprised expressions. The students visit the national museum. for 45. B. 34. 1. a 56. 7. She said that she didn't know anything about the robbery. Activity 9 1." said Mr Ardi. b 4. e Writing 184 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . "Please return my books that you borrowed. Epicenter of Diversity Found Activity 4 to 7 Answers may vary. 15. The second home means school should be as comfortable as home so that the student feels at home. "I was sleeping when the storm came?" 43. but 48. 29. Jamu: from Generation to Generation 3. b 57. 2. "Do not forget submitting my assignment. 30. Jazz forecast All weekend. From the time of birth. headline 2. Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 2. 10. b c c a 9. Alya said. 32. F 6. French and German It is important because China begins to move into world economy. students. the events 4. but 44. caption 7. and schools." asked Nia. c 21. 3. The teacher should encourage the students to be active in language learning. F 4. 8."I going to watch a new movie tomorrow. 19. 3. photograph 6. a d a c 39. The man said. d b 25. 50. Students who attend dual language programme will acquire more than language so they have an advantage over the competitors applying college placement. Answers may vary. Answer may vary using attracting attention expressions. b c 27. T 5. "The team' means parents.

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