SMPSRM/D Rev.

1, Sept-1999

SWITCHMODE™ Power Supply Reference Manual
ON Semiconductor
Formerly a Division of Motorola

SWITCHMODE

t Power Supplies

Reference Manual and Design Guide

SMPSRM/D Rev. 1, Sept–1999

SMPSRM

ON Semiconductor and are trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC (SCILLC). SCILLC reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products herein. SCILLC makes no warranty, representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does SCILLC assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation special, consequential or incidental damages. “Typical” parameters which may be provided in SCILLC data sheets and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications and actual performance may vary over time. All operating parameters, including “Typicals” must be validated for each customer application by customer’s technical experts. SCILLC does not convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of others. SCILLC products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use as components in systems intended for surgical implant into the body, or other applications intended to support or sustain life, or for any other application in which the failure of the SCILLC product could create a situation where personal injury or death may occur. Should Buyer purchase or use SCILLC products for any such unintended or unauthorized application, Buyer shall indemnify and hold SCILLC and its officers, employees, subsidiaries, affiliates, and distributors harmless against all claims, costs, damages, and expenses, and reasonable attorney fees arising out of, directly or indirectly, any claim of personal injury or death associated with such unintended or unauthorized use, even if such claim alleges that SCILLC was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of the part. SCILLC is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer.

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LLC (SCILLC). rectifiers and other discrete components available from ON Semiconductor for designing a SMPS are also provided. SWITCHMODE. requires converting off–line 115 Vac or 230 Vac power to some dc voltage for powering the electronics. Whether you are an experienced power supply designer. GREENLINE. This includes our newest GREENLINE. A switching power supply designed using ON Semiconductor components can rightfully be called a SWITCHMODE power supply or SMPS. and a wide choice of discrete products in surface mount packages. http://onsemi. POWERTAP. please visit our website: (http://onsemi. and identifies several application notes and additional design resources available from ON Semiconductor. The availability of design and application information and highly integrated semiconductor control ICs for switching power supplies allows the designer to complete this portion of the system design quickly and easily. For the latest updates and additional information on analog and discrete products for power supply and power management applications. SMARTMOS and TMOS are trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries. Easy Switcher and very high voltage ICs (VHVICs). as well as high efficiency HDTMOS and HVTMOS power FETs. It also provides real SMPS examples.SMPSRM Forward Every new electronic product. designing your first switching power supply or responsible for a make or buy decision for power supplies. We identified these as SWITCHMODE products. MEGAHERTZ. This brochure contains useful background information on switching power supplies for those who want to have more meaningful discussions and are not necessarily experts on power supplies. ON Semiconductor has been a key supplier of semiconductor products for switching power supplies since we introduced bipolar power transistors and rectifiers designed specifically for switching power supplies in the mid–70’s. SENSEFET. the variety of information in the SWITCHMODE  Power Supplies Reference Manual and Design Guide should prove useful. An extensive list and brief description of analog ICs.com). as well as helpful books available from various publishers and useful web sites for those who are experts and want to increase their expertise.com 3 . power transistors. LLC (SCILLC). except those that are battery powered. HDTMOS and HVTMOS are registered trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application Notes. . . . . . . . 27 The Printed Circuit Board Layout . . . . . . . . . 25 Cores . . . . . . 128 ON Semiconductor Worldwide Sales Offices . . . . . . . . . . 28 Off-Line Power Supply Design and Safety Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 30 31 36 55 55 57 57 58 Analog ICs for SWITCHMODE Power Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Rectifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Losses and Stresses within Switching Power Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .com 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Systems Management Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . Device Data Books and Device Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 First-Pass Selection of Semiconductors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Common Topologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SMPS Examples . 21 Optoisolated Voltage Feedback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Power Management Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suggested Components for Specific Applications . . Integrated Circuits for Switching Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Bipolar Power Transistors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Literature Available from ON Semiconductor . . . . . . . . . . . . .SMPSRM Table of Contents Page “What Everyone Should Know About Switching Power Supplies’’ by Marty Brown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Transformers and Inductors . . . . . . . . . References for Switching Power Supply Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brochures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Basic Converters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Real SMPS Applications . . 24 Other Design Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Linear versus Switching Power Supplies . . . . 26 Snubbers and Clamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 http://onsemi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 ON Semiconductor Standard Document Type Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Power MOSFETs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Methods of Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Power Factor Correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Websites . . . . . . . . . 13 Quasi-Resonant Converters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

The average switching power supply exhibits efficiencies of between 70 to 90 percent.SMPSRM What Everyone Should Know About Switching Power Supplies By: Marty Brown Introduction Efficient conversion of electrical power is becoming a primary concern to companies and to society as a whole. provides circuit design tips. Its operation can be seen as having two distinct time periods which occur when the series power switch is on and off. This then results in either large currents being passed through the power devices with a low “on” voltage or no current flowing with high voltage across the device. During this period. This headroom loss (Vdrop ⋅ Iload) causes the linear regulator to only be 30 to 50 percent efficient. This results in a much lower power being dissipated within the supply. however. and information on how to select the most appropriate semiconductor and passive components. the linear regulator was the primary method of creating a regulated output voltage. The cost of the heatsink actually makes the linear regulator uneconomical above 10 watts for small applications. That means that for each watt delivered to the load. L on + V in * Vout L t on During the “on” period. This removes the stored energy from the inductor.com 5 . their relevant parameters. Switching power supplies offer not only higher efficiencies but also offer greater flexibility to the designer. energy is being stored within the core material of the inductor in the form of flux. When the power switch turns off. The relationship which approximately describes its operation is: V out [ ∂ · Vin where ∂ is the duty cycle (∂ = ton/(ton + toff)) http://onsemi. Recent advances in semiconductor. the input voltage is connected to the input of the inductor. Current now begins to flow through the catch diode thus maintaining the load current loop. There is sufficient energy stored to carry the requirements of the load during the next off period. The switching regulator operates the power devices in the full-on and cutoff states. they are cost effective in step-down applications. This Guide lists the ON Semiconductor components expressly built for use in switching power supplies. The output of the inductor is the output voltage. since there is a constant voltage source connected across the inductor. It describes the basic operation of the more popular topologies of switching power supplies. and the rectifier is back-biased. Below that point. Basic Converters Forward-Mode Converter Fundamentals The most elementary forward-mode converter is the Buck or Step-down Converter which can be seen in Figure 1. regardless of the input voltage. the inductor current begins to linearly ramp upward which is described by: i Linear versus Switching Power Supplies Historically. The inductor current during this time is: i + L off V out * VD L t off This period ends when the power switch is once again turned on. Regulation is accomplished by varying the on-to-off duty cycle of the power switch. at least a watt has to be dissipated in heat. It operates by reducing a higher input voltage down to the lower output voltage by linearly controlling the conductivity of a series pass power device in response to changes in its load. Higher levels of integration have driven the cost of switching power supplies downward which makes it an attractive choice for output powers greater than 10 watts or where multiple outputs are desired. This Guide is designed to give the prospective designer an overview of all the issues involved in designing switchmode power supplies. When the power switch is on. magnetic and passive technologies make the switching power supply an ever more popular choice in the power conversion arena today. the input voltage of the inductor flies below ground and is clamped at one diode drop below ground by the catch diode. This results in a large voltage being placed across the pass unit with the load current flowing through it. The next period is the “off” period of the power switch.

Forward-Mode Converter Operation (Buck Converter Shown) http://onsemi. the input power source is connected directly to the load circuitry with usually produces catastrophic results. SW LO Vin D Cout RLOAD LO ILO A Basic Forward-Mode Converter (Buck Converter Shown) ILO Vin Cout Vout RLOAD VD(FWD) (DIODE) Cout Vout RLOAD Power Switch ON DIODE VOLTAGE (VOLTS) Vin Von(SW) Power Switch OFF POWER SWITCH OFF VD(FWD) 0 POWER SWITCH ON POWER SWITCH OFF POWER SWITCH ON TIME INDUCTOR CURRENT (AMPS) IPK ILOAD(AV) IMIN DIODE POWER SWITCH DIODE POWER SWITCH TIME Figure 1. The buck converter should only be used for board-level regulation.SMPSRM Basic Converters (continued) The buck converter is capable of kilowatts of output power. A crowbar is a latching SCR which is fired when the output is sensed as entering an overvoltage condition. To avoid this situation. but suffers from one serious shortcoming which would occur if the power switch were to fail short-circuited.com 6 . a crowbar is placed across the output.

When the power switch turns on. Schematic of a Boost Converter http://onsemi.5 ⋅ L ⋅ I2pk ⋅ fop > Pout + L on V in L t on The power switch then turns off and the inductor voltage flys back above the input voltage and is clamped by the rectifier at the output voltage.com 7 . Its operation can also be broken into two distinct periods where the power switch is on and off. Vin SW Cout RLOAD A Basic Flyback-Mode Converter (Boost Converter Shown) IL Ion Vin L Vout ILOAD Cout RLOAD Vin IOff Vout ILOAD Cout RLOAD Power Switch ON Power Switch OFF Figure 2. This causes the current to begin linearly ramping upwards from zero and is described by: i The amount of energy stored during each cycle times the frequency of operation must be higher than the power demands of the load or. Psto = 0. Its schematic can be seen in Figure 2. The current then begins to linearly ramp downward until the energy within the core is completely depleted.SMPSRM Basic Converters (continued) Flyback or Boost-mode Converter Fundamentals The most elementary flyback-mode converter is the Boost or Step-up Converter. energy is being stored within the core material. the input voltage source is placed directly across the inductor. Its waveform which is shown in Figure 3 is determined by: i + L off V out * V in L t off Once again. L D The boost converter should also be only used for board-level regulation.

SMPSRM VFLBK SWITCH VOLTAGE (VOLTS) POWER SWITCH ON DIODE ON Vin POWER SWITCH ON TIME DIODE ON POWER SWITCH ON Von(SW) INDUCTOR CURRENT (AMPS) IPK ILOAD (AV) TIME Figure 3. The remainder of the factors involve how much stress the power semiconductors are being subjected to. Transformers provide an easy method for adding additional output voltages to the switching power supply. 4) Are multiple outputs required. 5) How much voltage appears across the power semiconductors. Figure 4 illustrates where the transformer-isolated topologies are typically used within the power industry at various power and voltage levels.com 8 . The companies building their own power systems are leaning toward transformer isolation in as many power supplies as possible since it prevents a domino effect during failure conditions. The various areas show which topology best fits within that range of input voltage and output power that exhibits the least amount of stress on the power semiconductors. 3) What is the peak current flowing through the power semiconductors. Non-isolated switching power supplies are typically used for board-level regulation where a dielectric barrier is provided elsewhere within the system. http://onsemi. Non-isolated topologies should also be used where the possibility of a failure does not connect the input power source to the fragile load circuitry. The first choice that faces the designer is whether to have input to output transformer isolation. At reduced DC input voltages and at higher powers. Transformer isolation should be used in all other situations. Some of the factors which determine the suitability of a particular topology to a certain application are: 1) Is the topology electrically isolated from the input to the output or not. Each topology has its own merits within certain applications. Waveforms for a Boost Converter Common Topologies A topology is the arrangement of the power devices and their magnetic elements. Associated with that is the need for multiple output voltages. Table 1 shows the differences between the various topologies used within switching power supplies. the peak currents that must be sustained by the power switch grow higher which then affects the stress they must endure. 2) How much of the input voltage is placed across the inductor or transformer.

Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Topology Buck Boost Buck-Boost Half-Forward Flyback Push-Pull Half-Bridge Full-Bridge * No human access – otherwise < 42. RELIABILITY IS IN JEOPARDY 10 100 1000 OUTPUT POWER (W) DC INPUT VOLTAGE (V) FLYBACK HALF BRIDGE FULL BRIDGE Figure 4. Where Various Transformer-Isolated Topologies are Commonly Used http://onsemi.SMPSRM Common Topologies (continued) Table 1.0 – 500 5.0 – 600* 5.5 Figure No. CSA. (%) 75 78 78 75 78 72 72 69 Relative Cost 1.0 1. VDE) 1000 100 10 ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÉÉÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÉÉÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ ÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇÇ ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ HIGH PEAK CURRENTS.4 1.0 1.0 – 600 50 – 1000 50 – 1000 50 – 1000 In/Out Isolation No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Typical Effic.0 – 600* 5.0 1.com 9 .2 2.5 V and 8. Comparison of the PWM Switching Regulator Topologies Pwr Range (Watts) 0 – 1000 0 – 150 0 – 150 0 – 250 0 – 150 100 – 1000 100 – 500 400 – 2000+ Vin(DC) Range 5.0 2.0 – 1000* 5.2 2.0 Amp limit (UL.

The Buck/Boost Regulator Topology http://onsemi.com 10 . The Buck Regulator Topology VFLBK VSAT D ON SW ON 0 Vin Cout FEEDBACK Vout IL 0 IPK ISW ID TIME TIME D ON L D Vin Cin CONTROL VSW Q Figure 6.SMPSRM POWER SWITCH L VD 0 Vin D Cin CONTROL VFWD Vin IPK TIME Vout Cout IL 0 FEEDBACK TIME ILOAD IMIN Figure 5. The Boost Regulator Topology Q CONTROL VL 0 D Vin TIME Vin Cin L Cout Vout GND IL 0 – Vout ISW ID IPK TIME Figure 7.

The Half-Forward Regulator Topology VFLBK VSAT VSW T N1 Vin Cin CONTROL SW ON TIME D N2 Cout 0 Vin Vout IPRI 0 IPK TIME Q FEEDBACK ISEC 0 TIME Figure 9. The Flyback Regulator Topology 2Vin Q1 T D L VSW 0 VSAT Q2 IPRI 0 IMIN IPK TIME Vin SW1 TIME SW2 Vin Cin D CONTROL Cout VO Figure 10. The Push-Pull Regulator Topology http://onsemi.SMPSRM L T N1 Vin Cin CONTROL D N2 Cout Vout VSW 0 VSAT 2Vin SW ON TIME Q FEEDBACK IPRI 0 IMIN IPK TIME Figure 8.com 11 .

The Full-Bridge Regulator Topology http://onsemi. The Half-Bridge Regulator Topology L Vin Cout Vout V in 2 VSW2 0 VSAT IPK ISW2 0 IMIN FEEDBACK TIME SW 1-4 SW 2-3 XF Cin Vin CONTROL Q1 T Q2 Q3 XF TIME Q4 Figure 12.com 12 .SMPSRM L Vin B Cout Vout V in 2 XF Cin Vin CONTROL SW1 SW2 TIME VSAT IPK Q1 N2 T N1 C C FEEDBACK VSW2 0 Q2 IPRI 0 IMIN TIME Figure 11.

com 13 . The boost power factor correction circuit can be seen in Figure 37 on page 37. I CSMALL CONTROL 110/220 VOLTS IN FROM WALL SOCKET TO POWER SUPPLY CLARGE POWER NOT USED VOLTAGE VOLTAGE POWER NOT USED POWER USED POWER USED CURRENT CURRENT IAV IAV Figure 13. A popular method of accomplishing this is by using a boost converter prior to the actual power supply. I CLARGE DC OUTPUT VOLTAGE voltages down to 30 volts can be boosted to 370 volts on its output (higher than the highest expected peak operating AC crest voltage). In this way. The power switch has to clear the diode’s reverse recovery charge. since fast current pulses are being drawn through them. The boost output rectifier will have to be ultrafast if the boost converter is operating in the continuous-mode. Power Factor Corrected Input The task is to increase the conduction angle of the AC rectifiers and to make the resulting current waveform look as sinusoidal and in phase with the voltage waveform as possible. First. the 50/60 Hz rectifiers now have to be ultrafast rectifiers. The input capacitor. These peak currents are typically three to five times higher than the average current drawn by the power supply. the power drawn by the power supply from the line is maximized for real power as shown in Figure 14. The Waveforms of a Capacitive Input Filter Figure 14. The bulk input filter capacitor is now placed on the output of the boost converter. the output rectifier need not be ultrafast since there is no current flowing through the diode prior to the power switch turning on. just following the 50/60 Hz rectifier bridge is now less than 1 uF.SMPSRM Power Factor Correction The present day power supplies use a capacitive input filter when powered from the AC power line. This causes excessive voltage drop in the wiring and imbalance problems in the three phase delivery system. Input The semiconductors within a power factor correction stage have some special requirements. This produces an input voltage waveform to the PFC circuit that has a high level of ripple voltage and the boost converter draws its power directly from the line. Also the full energy potential of the AC line is not utilized. http://onsemi. A resulting shortcoming is that the AC line is rectified which results in high peak currents at the crests of the AC voltage as shown in Figure 13. In the discontinuous-mode (Pin < 200 watts). Boost-mode supplies exhibit the largest input dynamic range of all the switching power supply topologies.

58 0.350 PO 80.350 0. The results are shown in Table 2.85 0.62 THD 2.8 80.73 1. 590302B03600.7 96.996 Ifund 0.8 80.73 0.10 0.1 VO 230.9 4.6 2.1 4. Power Factor Controller Test Data AC Line Input Current Harmonic Distortion (% Ifund) Vrms 90 100 110 120 130 138 Pin 85.59 0.77 0.0 4. or 593002B03400 http://onsemi.0 4.7 94.16 3 1.08 0.2 2.1 84.2 3.3 2.0 4.84 1.350 0.7 IO 0.09 0.4 84. The MC33262 has a internal multiplier to make the input current waveform mimic the input voltage waveform.SMPSRM Power Factor Correction (continued) Input current waveshaping is required by the regulatory agencies. All the circuitry needed to accomplish this task is included in the MC33262 with the minimum of external components.350 0.8 80.998 0.8 η(%) 94.998 0.60 VO(pp) 4.999 0.com 14 .7 230.8 80.9 2.95 0.1 PF 0.93 0.9 85.71 0.7 230.61 0.0 94.13 0.6 2 0. Figure 37 on page 37 is an 80 watt power factor correction stage for the 110 VAC line.3 7 0.1 4.350 0.2 1.072″ total for a primary inductance (LP) of 320 µH Heatsink = AAVID Engineering Inc. EE 25 Gap: 0.997 0.0 DC Output T = Coilcraft N2881–A Primary: 62 turns of # 22 AWG Secondary: 5 turns of # 22 AWG Core: Coilcraft PT2510.5 1.7 230.65 0.999 0.3 85.7 84.0 0. This design meets all the specifications of IEC1000–3–2.7 2.3 95.7 230.7 230.58 0. Table 2.12 0.6 1.8 80.350 0.4 5 0.0 3.9 95.

the product of the voltage and current at the starting and ending points is zero. The ZCS. A resonant tank circuit has been added to the power switch section to ILR LR LO make either the current or the voltage “ring” through a half a sinusoid waveform. There are two quasi-resonant methods: zero current switching (ZCS) or zero voltage switching (ZVS). quasi-resonant buck converter is shown in Figure 15.SMPSRM Quasi-Resonant Converters Quasi-resonant technology is a field within switching power supplies where the design goal is to eliminate the frequency dependent switching losses within the power switch and rectifiers. Schematic and Waveforms for a ZCS Quasi-Resonant Buck Converter http://onsemi. quasi-resonant topologies are minor modifications of the PWM topologies. Acceptance of quasi-resonant technology has been slow because of some other issues presented by operating at high frequencies. Vin Cin CONTROL VSW CR D Cout FEEDBACK Vout A ZCS Quasi–Resonant Buck Converter SWITCH TURN-OFF Vin POWER SWITCH ON V SW IPK I LR VD Figure 15. ZCS is a fixed on-time. Schematically. variable off-time method of control.com 15 . ZCS starts from an initial condition where the power switch is off and there is no current flowing through the resonant inductor. thus has no switching loss. Eliminating the switching losses allows the designer to increase the operating frequency of the switching power supply with the goal of reducing size and weight. Since a sinusoid starts at zero and ends at zero.

both the power switch and the catch diode operate in a zero current switching mode. and vise versa for decreasing loads. Power is passed to the output during the resonant periods. the frequency is high. Schematic and Waveforms for a ZVS Quasi-Resonant Buck Converter http://onsemi.SMPSRM Quasi-Resonant Converters (continued) In this design. variable on-time method of control. to control the power delivered to the load. Here the initial condition is when the power switch is on. LR LO CR Vin Cin VI/P CONTROL D FEEDBACK Cout Vout A ZCS Quasi–Resonant Buck Converter Vin V I/P POWER SWITCH TURNS ON 0 V IPK I SW V L 0 * Vout L )L R O in ILOAD in R ID Figure 16. For light loads. the frequency drops. In typical designs the frequency can change 10:1 over the ZCS supply’s operating range. quasi-resonant buck converter is shown in Figure 16. the amount of “resonant off times” are varied. Here. In a typical ZVS power supply. full and half-bridge topologies for the higher powers and resonant transition topologies. There are variations in the resonant field that promote zero switching losses such as full resonant PWM. and the familiar current ramp is flowing through the filter inductor. When the load is heavy. The ZVS is a fixed off-time. So to increase the power delivered to the load. the frequency would increase.com 16 . the frequency typically varies 4:1 over the entire operating range of the supply. The ZVS.

or measuring the currents and voltages associated with each power component using an oscilloscope AC current probe and voltage probe. Most of the losses occur in the power components within the switching power supply. the “on” loss of a power MOSFET shown in Figure 17 and Figure 18 and the forward voltage drop of a rectifier shown in Figure 19. Some of these losses can also present stresses to the semiconductor power components which may affect the long term reliability of the power supply. Switching losses are also the major frequency dependent loss within every PWM switching power supply.SMPSRM Losses and Stresses within Switching Power Supplies Much of the designer’s effort during a switching power supply design is spent in identifying and minimizing the losses within the supply. voltages are transitional between full-on and cutoff states while simultaneously the current is transitional between full-on and cuttoff states. Whenever there is a simultaneous voltage drop across a component with a current flowing through it. Identifying the major sources for loss can be as easy as placing a finger on each of the components. DRAIN-TO-SOURCE VOLTAGE (VOLTS) COLLECTOR-TO-EMITTER (VOLTS) VPEAK VPEAK SATURATION VOLTAGE RISE DYNAMIC TIME SATURATION CLEARING RECTIFIERS STORAGE TIME FALL TIME ON VOLTAGE FALL TIME CLEARING RECTIFIERS IPEAK RISE TIME COLLECTOR CURRENT (AMPS) DRAIN CURRENT (AMPS) IPEAK PINCHING OFF INDUCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TRANSFORMER SATURATION CURRENT PINCHING OFF INDUCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TRANSFORMER ON CURRENT TURN-ON CURRENT TURN-OFF CURRENT TURN-ON CURRENT TURN-OFF CURRENT CURRENT TAIL CURRENT CROWDING PERIOD INSTANTANEOUS ENERGY LOSS (JOULES) SECOND BREAKDOWN PERIOD INSTANTANEOUS ENERGY LOSS (JOULES) SATURATION LOSS TURN-ON LOSS TURN-OFF LOSS SWITCHING LOSS ON LOSS TURN-ON LOSS TURN-OFF LOSS SWITCHING LOSS Figure 17. Stresses and Losses within a Power MOSFET http://onsemi. Switching losses occur during the small period when a power component switches between the on and off state. Knowing where the losses arise and how to control them is important. The semiconductor losses fall into two categories: conduction losses and switching losses. Here. there is a loss. Stresses and Losses within a Bipolar Power Transistor Figure 18. Examples of conduction losses are the saturation voltage of a bipolar power transistor. The most fragile components are the power semiconductors. Some of these losses are controllable by modifying the circuitry.com 17 . This creates a very large V-I product which is as significant as the conduction losses. and some are controlled by simply selecting a different part.

in order to have a current flowing from the collector to the emitter. To do this the designer strives to have the transistor operate in. the transistor exhibits a condition known as storage time which is a time delay during the turning off of the transistor and a slower fall time. excessive switching losses can also provide a lethal stress to the transistor in the form of second breakdown and current crowding failures. For bipolar power transistors. To accomplish this special attention should be given to the drive circuitry. one must drive current into the base. http://onsemi. Bipolar power transistors are current driven devices. fixed base drive is typically used. Care should be taken in the careful analysis of each transistor’s FBSOA and RBSOA operation. Some common base drive circuits are shown in Figure 20. the objective is to have as small a collector-to-emitter voltage as possible when the transistor is “on”. They offer several advantages over power MOSFETs in that they have higher breakdown voltages.SMPSRM Losses and Stresses within Switching Power Supplies (continued) The losses do provide stress in the form of heat generation within the component. or close to a saturated state. proportional base drive is used.com 18 . This drives the transistor to a state just under saturation at all peak currents. Within switching power supplies. At collector currents less than the maximum. and are somewhat less expensive for devices greater than 500 volts. Stresses and Losses within Rectifiers There are two types of base drive: fixed base drive and proportional base drive. the drive current should enter and exit the transistor fast. For better performance. That is. This is not a problem if a reasonable thermal design is used. In most switching power supplies using bipolar transistors whose output power is less than 500 watts. For the transistor to switch fast. so usually it is only used for high power switching power supplies. Very short storage time is experienced and its switching speed is substantially improved. Proportional base drive is more expensive to implement. Bipolar Power Transistors Bipolar power transistors are used in about 50 percent of the switching power supplies built today. Saturation is defined as: I DIODE VOLTAGE (VOLTS) FORWARD VOLTAGE REVERSE VOLTAGE u hC B I IPK DIODE CURRENT (AMPS) FE FORWARD CONDUCTION CURRENT DEGREE OF DIODE RECOVERY ABRUPTNESS FORWARD RECOVERY TIME (Tfr) INSTANTANEOUS ENERGY LOSS (JOULES) REVERSE RECOVERY TIME (Trr) FORWARD CONDUCTION LOSS SWITCHING LOSS Figure 19. Fixed base drive is where the transistor is driven with a fixed amount of “on” drive current sufficiently high to guarantee that the transistor remains saturated at the highest expected peak collector currents. however.

com 19 .SMPSRM Bipolar Power Transistors (continued) VC VC ACTIVE TURN-ON. Usually a low voltage auxiliary winding is used to develop this voltage. refer to Application Note AN875 (“Power Transistor Safe Operating Area: Special Considerations for Switching Power Supplies”). For more information. http://onsemi. then the loss associated with driving the base is large. If a voltage of greater than 5 volts is used. PASSIVE TURN-OFF TOTEM-POLE DRIVE VC VC TRANSFORMER COUPLED DRIVE PROPORTIONAL BASE DRIVE VC BAKER CLAMP Figure 20. Common Transistor Base Drive Circuits One other consideration is from where one draws the current to drive the base of the transistor.

See Figure 21 for some of the common gate drives for MOSFETS. Power MOSFETs are voltage driven devices. That is its conductivity is determined by a voltage provided on its gate. So it must be capable of sourcing and sinking at least 1. +10 V +5 V MC34151 Figure 21. MOSFETs have some advantages over the bipolar transistor such as switching five to ten times faster than bipolar transistors and being easier to drive and use. This is because the gate of a MOSFET resembles a capacitor which must be charged and discharged in that 100 nS. The MC34151 (inverting) and the MC34152 (non-inverting) MOSFET driver ICs provide the drive that MOSFETs need to switch fast with an input from a logic-level source.SMPSRM Power MOSFETs Power MOSFETs are becoming increasingly more popular for use as power switches within switching power supplies. however. Bipolar totem pole drives fill this need. To the novice designer. The drive source.5 ampere peak currents. The MC33153 and MC33154 are specially designed gate drivers for IGBTs. Power MOSFET Drive Circuits http://onsemi. must be a well bypassed voltage source.com 20 . it is as close to a logic switching device as one can get. MOSFETs can be driven directly from controller ICs that have totem pole output drivers with less than 100 nS switching times.

Schottky rectifiers are recommended because of their low forward voltage drop and their negligible reverse recovery time.0 1.9 1. To choose the the best rectifier. one must understand the parameters that affect their efficiency. Comparative Information on Rectifiers Forward Voltage (Volts) 1. current or voltage can be sensed to provide consistent output voltages. Examples of this type of controller are the MC34060A. OSC REF Figure 22. For higher output voltages. the ultrafast recovery rectifiers are recommended because of their very fast reverse recovery times. For low voltage outputs. Voltage-Mode Control Voltage-mode control is where only the output voltage is sensed in order to maintain its required voltage level. The forward voltage drop creates a loss just by having a voltage across the device while high currents are flowing through it. It is actually the minority carriers being swept from the P-N junction. The most common voltage-mode control is a fixed frequency method of control as shown in Figure 22. These center around the parameters sensed within the switching supply. Its conduction loss is described by: graphically multiply the current and voltage waveforms from the oscilloscope times the frequency of operation.6 0. The reverse recovery loss is where the rectifier becomes reverse biased.5 Reverse Recovery Time (nS) 150 75 28 <1.SMPSRM Rectifiers Choosing the best rectifiers for any switching power supply design is an important process.com 21 . The rectifiers are the largest source of loss within switching power supplies.0 Forward Recovery Time (nS) 1050 50 — — Rectifier Technology Fast Recovery UltraFast Recovery Megahertz Schottky Relative Cost 1.5 2. and current appears to actually flow backwards through the rectifier. The most important rectifier parameters are the forward voltage drop (Vf) and the reverse recovery time (trr). converts the error voltage into a pulsewidth modulated waveform in order to drive the power switches in a pulsewidth modulated on/off fashion. This type of control can be recognized by the output of the error amplifier going into a comparator that compares the error voltage with the ramp created by the oscillator section of the IC. sometimes called the PWM comparator. MC34166 and TL494.0 1. ON Semiconductor offers switching power supply controller ICs which provide a choice of the control method.6 Methods of Control There are two popular methods of control for PWM switching power supplies. it is a significant loss. Nonetheless. P fwd loss * + fop · s Vfwd dt t+0 t on The typical method of measuring this loss is to Table 3. The comparator. This loss is minimized by selecting the rectifier with the shortest reverse recovery time (trr). Voltage-Mode Control http://onsemi. Table 3 shows a summary of the various rectifier technologies that are appropriate in switching power supplies.0 0.

Examples of these types of parts are the UA78S40. Current-mode controllers can be identified by the output of the error amplifier being placed into a comparator where the level of the current ramp is sensed (Is) as shown in Figure 24.SMPSRM Methods of Control (continued) Another voltage-mode control method used in quasi-resonant switching power supplies is variable frequency control as shown in Figure 23. Examples of control ICs for this type of control are the MC34066P(ZCS) and MC34067P(ZVS). The typical control circuit of this type is shown in Figure 25. The common method of current-mode control is called turn-on with clock current-mode control. responding quickly to short-circuit and overload conditions without failures to the supply. Current-Mode Control Current-mode control is somewhat new. Gated Oscillator Control http://onsemi. it is immediately detected by the controller and responds. This includes either fixed on-time. Gated Oscillator Control Gated oscillator control is a unique. the controller allows more current to enter the inductor or transformer. MC34023. the time it takes to respond to changes on either the supply input or output. Current-Mode Control FAULT VOLTAGE FEEDBACK This method of control is very fast and provides a very good transient response time. This is a voltage-mode control since only the output voltage is sensed and the output duty cycle (on or off times per second) is controlled. Voltage-Mode Control Voltage-mode control is the traditional method. it is somewhat sluggish to changes in the input voltage. MC34025 and the MC34129. but the amount of current that flows through the inductor or transformer. Although it provides good output regulation (good response to changes in the output load). MC34063A and MC34163. When the output demands more power. and has trouble sensing a core saturation condition. This means that the frequency of operation is determined by an oscillator whose only purpose is to start each “on” cycle. but effective method of control which is used on several of the ON Semiconductor control ICs. but its output is gated on or off depending upon whether the output is below the needed output or above the needed output. if the input voltage suddenly changes. keeping the output voltage at its required level. that is. It senses not only the output voltage. Vin REF VCO ONE SHOT LR CR OSC OUTPUT S REF Q R CURRENT FEEDBACK VOLTAGE FEEDBACK OUTPUT Figure 24. variable on-time (ZVS). Figure 25. Variable Frequency. The IC has a fixed frequency oscillator. variable off-time (ZCS) or fixed off-time. It tends to be a very robust control method. It is a form of variable frequency control with pulse-by-pulse overcurrent limiting. Conversely. OVERCURRENT SENSE Vin OSC CT on REF S Q R VOLTAGE FEEDBACK OUTPUT Figure 23.com 22 . Examples of these parts are the UC3842/3/4/5. It exhibits the robustness of current-mode control since each pulse is current limited.

DIELECTRIC BARRIER PRIMARY SIDE CONTROL IC VREF MOC8101 ERROR AMP RLIM R1 0. it is recommended that the TL431 be limited to half the needed high frequency gain and then place the compensation on the second error amplifier within the controller IC. Unfortunately. Its primary parameter is the current transfer ratio (CTR). an error amplifier should be placed on the output prior to the optoisolator. because of the physical limitations of the technology. Its unit is percent. and passing control signals between isolated circuits. Optoisolators are used most frequently for the isolated voltage feedback circuits. The inclusion of isolated outputs and voltage feedback circuits in high input voltages and off-line switching power supplies is required by the safety regulatory agencies. This specifies how much current one can expect from the output given a current being passed through the LED. To compensate for this. Optoisolators are made up of a light emitting diode (LED) and a transistor exposed to the LED’s light via a light path medium.SMPSRM Optoisolated Voltage Feedback Optoisolators are utilized within switching power supplies for passing signals over isolated boundaries.com 23 . A popular circuit which accomplishes this is shown in Figure 26. The areas of common usage are analog voltage feedback across isolated power circuits. the optoisolator’s CTR can drift with temperature and age. One issue that faces the designer with this method of voltage feedback is how much gain is used and where to place the feedback loop compensation in the circuit since there are two error amplifiers within the loop.01 10K Cout TL431 COMPENSATION R2 SECONDARY SIDE Vout (+) Vout RETURN Figure 26. drive signals to floating devices. This will place the optoisolator inside the feedback loop and compensate for any drift that occurs within the optoisolator. Since the TL431 is difficult to compensate. Opto Isolated Voltage Feedback for Off-line Switching Power Supplies http://onsemi.

0 P out V in(min) 10 Vout Iout 1 Transistor Forward 2.0 P out V in(min) 1. The results of each of the defined parameters outlined in Table 4 should be considered as minimum parameter values. Estimating the Significant Parameters of the Power Semiconductors Bipolar Power Switch Topology Buck Boost VCEO Vin Vout IC Iout 2.5 P out V in(min) 3. it is possible to make reasonable choices for the power semiconductors prior to the switching power supply being designed.7 Vin(max) 2.0 Vout Iout http://onsemi.0 Vin 1. Early procurement of these samples will avoid delivery delays within the design period.2 P out V in(min) 2.0 Vout Iout Push-Pull 2. This allows the designer to select the most appropriate power semiconductors very early in the design cycle with a high degree of confidence. Parameters such as breakdown voltage ratings should have a margin for any voltage spikes generated by the supply.0 P out V in(min) 2.0 P out V in(min) Vin – Vout Iout Flyback 1.0 P out V in(min) Vin 2. Table 4.0 Vin 1.0 Vout Iout Half-Bridge Vin 2.0 Vin 1.2 P out V in(min) 2.5 P out V in(min) 2.com 24 .0 Vin 1.0 P out V in(min) Vin – Vout 2.0 P out V in(min) MOSFET Power Switch VDSS Vin Vout ID Iout 2.SMPSRM First-Pass Selection of Semiconductors By using Table 4. Each topology presents its own unique set of voltage and current conditions which can be predicted with reasonable certainty.2 P out V in(min) Vin 1.0 Vout Iout Full-Bridge Vin 1.2 P out V in(min) 2.5 Vin(max) 2.0 P out V in(min) Rectifier(s) VR Vin Vout IF Iout Iout Buck/Boost Vin – Vout 2.

the core can enter saturation. within microseconds. a nice linear current ramp can go from a few amps to tens or hundreds of amps thus causing the semiconductor switch to fail. Saturation is when the core’s cross sectional area can no longer support additional lines of flux. The power supply depends upon the quick transmission of transitions in current and voltage between the transformer windings. Although the design of each of these magnetic components can be approached in an organized step-by-step fashion. high voltage spikes are generated by the rate of transitions in current within the switching supply. There are three types of magnetic components inside switching power supplies: a forward-mode transformer or a flyback-mode transformer. Hence.SMPSRM Other Design Considerations Transformers and Inductors The magnetic elements are the cornerstone of all switching power supply designs but are also the least understood. and a DC filter inductor. It can also cause significant Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) problems. Indications of this condition can be determined by placing an oscilloscope current probe on the winding and if the linear current waveform begins to exponentially rise upwards. When the windings are physically wound distant from one another. Voltage spikes are caused by a physically “loose” winding construction of a transformer. then the saturation condition is being entered. Each has its own design approach. Core saturation occurs when there are too few turns on a transformer or inductor. It also delays the other windings from seeing the transition in the drive winding. This causes the permeability of the core to drop. it is beyond the intent of this guide. and the possibility of core saturation can arise during an abnormal operational mode. refer to the “Practical Switching Power Supply Design” reference book. A snubber is usually the solution. and the inductance value to drop drastically. an AC filter inductor. For further information regarding their design. The design and the winding technique used in the magnetic component’s design has a great bearing on the reliability of the overall power supply. the leakage inductances store and release a portion of the energy inputted into a winding in the form of voltage spikes. but this lowers the efficiency of the power supply. This causes the flux density to be too high and at high input voltages or long pulsewidths. One then needs to revisit the design and in most cases add more turns to the windings. Two situations arise from a poor transformer design. http://onsemi. Spikes can cause the semiconductors to enter avalanche breakdown and the part can instantly fail if enough energy is applied.com 25 . This makes the inductor or winding stop being an AC current limiting device and it turns into a short circuit.

com 26 . There are many more types. Bobbin style cores are generally more expensive to buy. Inc. For transformers that require airgaps. 3C8. & 3C85 from FerroxCube. the designer should not only consider the initial cost of the core itself. One thing to keep in mind during this phase of a switching power supply design is that it is next to impossible to make a wrong choice since all of the cores can be made to work in the applications. and thus may aid in the physical RFI design later in the design. Even the determinations of the number of turns should be considered a calculated guess. Only the turns on the secondary of a transformer need to be somewhat precise in order to get the output voltages needed by the power supply. but they are all based upon these basic styles. A. E-E CORE C. Inc. When selecting the style of the core. Common Core Types http://onsemi. The pot core offers less wire winding area than the E-E core families. the physical volume the transformer or inductor must fit within. some ferrite. and the amount of RFI shielding the core must provide. K. but generally require less labor to manufacture. Torroid cores are less expensive initially. such as the pot core and those cores derived from pot cores. POT CORE Figure 27. Some of the important considerations when selecting a core type are core material. but require special equipment to manufacture the transformer or inductor and more labor. Note: Finished inductive devices are easy to order in large volume from several winding suppliers. cost. TORROID B. Torroid cores radiate less RFI energy than many of bobbin cores. but the labor costs associated with manufacturing the transformer or inductor. For modern switching power supplies the commonly used core materials are F. These ferrite materials offer the lowest core losses at the operating frequencies between 80 KHz to 1.. the output power of the power supply. The three most common core types are shown in Figure 27. So tradeoffs abound at this stage of the design.SMPSRM Other Design Considerations (continued) Cores Cores come in many shapes and sizes.0 MHz. or H7C4 & H7C40 materials from TDK. bobbin cores offer better RFI shielding than others. & N materials from Magnetics.

If a voltage spike occurs during the turn-off voltage transition of greater than 75 percent of its VCEO rating. A snubber is needed to bring the transistor within its RBSOA rating.com 27 . Typical snubber and clamp circuits are shown in Figure 28. Therefore it is not very useful for reducing RFI. TIME (µsec) Figure 29. A snubber is used for reducing the level of a voltage spike and decreasing the rate of change of a voltage waveform. The Effects of a Snubber versus a Clamp http://onsemi.SMPSRM Other Design Considerations (continued) Snubbers and Clamps Snubbers and clamps are used for two very different purposes. Common Methods for Controlling Voltage Spikes and/or RFI CLAMP VOLTAGE (VOLTS) SNUBBER ORIGINAL WAVEFORM t. A clamp is used only for reducing the level of a voltage spike. It has no affect on the dV/dt of the transition. It is useful for preventing components such as semiconductors and capacitors from entering avalanche breakdown. The effects that these have on a representative switching waveform are shown in Figure 29. and it lowers the spectral content of any radiated RFI thus radiating less RF energy. Bipolar power transistors suffer from current crowding which is an instantaneous failure mode. the reliability of the semiconductors within the power supply is greatly jeopardized. it may have too much current crowding stress. ZENER CLAMP SOFT CLAMP SNUBBER SNUBBER SOFT CLAMP ZENER CLAMP Figure 28. This has its benefits in the Safe Operating Area (SOA) of the semiconductors. When misapplied. Here both the rate of change of the voltage and the peak voltage of the spike must be controlled.

SMPSRM Other Design Considerations (continued) The Printed Circuit Board Layout The printed circuit board (PCB) layout is the third most sensitive portion of every switching power supply design following the basic design and the magnetics design. it means a voltage drop from one end of the trace to the other which potentially can be an antenna for RFI.5 VDC is considered a http://onsemi. In the U. Schematically it is the input filter design and the feedback and signaling design. Any paralleled capacitors should be laid out radially symmetric about the ripple current source which is typically a rectifier or power switch. The construction and design of the transformer. There are two rules of thumb for PCB layouts: “short and fat” for all power carrying traces and “one point grounding” for the three different types of grounds within a switching power supply. If paralleled capacitors are in a line. One point grounding keeps the noise sources separated from the sensitive control circuits. • Do not hook the scope or test equipments between grounds. Safety factors affect the design and construction of the power supplies. One should pursue knowledgeable consultants or acquire the relevant safety specifications. efficiency and stability. hazard to its operator and must be inspected. Disconnect all signal wires and relocate them. dielectric strength or Hipot. Traces that are short and fat minimize the inductive and resistive aspects of the trace. the capacitor closest to the source of the ripple current will get hot. clearance. Attention should be paid to the layout around the filter capacitors. The key factors are the physical separation of the input power source to the outputs and any component that allows the passing of 50/60 Hz AC current from the input to the output. The test consists of applying a high AC or DC voltage between the input and the output and earth ground and checking that the current conducted is less than the specified amount. Off-line Switching Power Supply Design and Safety Tips Any power supply that operates from an input voltage of greater than 30 VAC or 42. When the designer is debugging an off-line power supply on the bench. The important terms used by the regulatory agencies are. all PCB traces exhibit inductance and resistance. and in Europe VDE is the common agency. creepage. First. • Float the earth ground leads on the power cords of ALL test equipments. • Use an isolation transformer between the wall socket and the power supply. Dielectric strength is the voltage breakdown testing of all components that are connected between isolated circuits. It is recommended that a DC HIPOT test be used when testing all switching power supplies due to possible AC avalanche problems. the other won’t see this level of AC current and thus won’t evenly share the ripple current. it is UL. qualified. the output power return ground and the low-level control ground. These can cause high voltage transitions whenever there is a high rate of change in current flowing through the trace. Designing for safety has definite affects on the physical design of the switching power supply. several personal safety precautions must be followed.S. The three types of grounds are the input power return ground. Creepage is the distance between two isolated points along a surface. in Canada it is the CSA. PCB and the enclosure are affected. and approved by the relevant safety regulatory body for the anticipated market. it means that the supply would be impossible to stabilize.com 28 . Clearance is the separation distance between two isolated points in air. The lack of quality in its layout can adversely affect RFI radiation. component reliability. For traces that are too narrow for the current flowing through them. For operational amplifiers sharing a trace with power signals. thus reducing noise within the circuits and RFI.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . output protection and switching regulator ICs for various topologies. . . . power transistors and rectifiers for SWITCHMODE power supplies by application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC/DC Power Supply for Storage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC–DC Battery Charger – Constant Current with Voltage Limit . . . . . .com) or local sales office for more information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3/5 V Two–Output SMPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . spice model information or even an evaluation board available. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 W Wide Mains TV SMPS with 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lamp Ballast with Power Factor Correction (Evaluation Board) . . . The ICs for Switching Power Supplies figure identifies control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suggested Components for Specific Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Universal 50–Watt Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page ICs for Switching Power Supplies . . . . . . DC–DC Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . reference voltage. Imaging & Entertainment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compact Power Factor Correction . . . . . . . . . . . . .SMPSRM SWITCHMODE Power Supply Examples This section provides both initial and detailed information to simplify the selection and design of a variety of SWITCHMODE power supplies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 A list of suggested control ICs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 W Wide Mains TV SMPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Efficient Safety Circuit for Electronic Ballast . . Low–Cost Off–line IGBT Battery Charger . . . . . . . . . Consult ON Semiconductor’s website (http://onsemi. . . . . . . . . . . 110 W Output Flyback SMPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • • • • • CRT Display System . . . . . . . . . . . . . Some of these circuits may have a more complete application note. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 W Stand–by . . . . . http://onsemi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constant Voltage SMPS . . . . . Typical PC Forward–Mode SMPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 33 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 42 44 46 47 49 51 53 54 Real SMPS Applications 15 W 3. . 80 W Power Factor Correction Controller . . . . . . AC/DC Power Supply for CRT Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Integrated circuits identified for various sections of a switching power supply. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Monitor Pulsed–Mode SMPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Low Wattage Constant Current. . .com 29 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SMPSRM Figure 30. Integrated Circuits for Switching Power Supplies . Intergrated Ciruits for Switching Power Supplies OUTPUT FILTERS POWER SWITCHES POWER FACTOR CORRECTION MC33262 MC33368 MC33260 1N400x MUR1100 MRA400x POWER FACTOR CORRECTION http://onsemi.com MMG05N60D MTB3N60ET4 MTD1N60E MTP1N60E MTB2N60E MTP2N60E MTP3N60E MTP6N60E POWER SWITCH SNUBBER/ CLAMP 1.5KExxxA MUR160 MURS160 P6SMB1x0A P6KE1x0A MBRS240L MBRS360 MBR360 MBRD360 MURS360 MUR360 MBR1100 MURHB860CT/T4 MURHF860CT OUTPUT FILTERS OUTPUT PROTECTION DC–DC CONVERSION MC3423 MC3425 MC33064 MC33164 MC33161 MC33464 MC33465 OUTPUT PROTECTION MC34063A MC34163 MC34166 MC34167 LM2574/5/6 MC33463 MC33466 SNUBBER/ TRANS– CLAMP FORMERS VOLTAGE REGULATION DC–DC CONVERSION Vref 30 PWM OSC REF STARTUP CONTROL VOLTAGE FEEDBACK MC33362 MC33363A/B MC33365 MC33369 – MC33374 SWITCHING REGULATORS SCG’s Integrated Solutions MMBZ52xx MMSZ52xx MMSZ46xx STARTUP MC44603A MC33065 MC44604 MC33023 MC44605 MC33025 MC33066 MC44608 MC33067 MC33364 UC3842B – UC3845B CONTROL TL431/A/B MC33202 MC3341 VOLTAGE FEEDBACK FIXED MC78FCxx MC78LCxx MC78BCxx MC78PCxx MC33264 LM2931 LP2950 LP2951 MC78Lxx MC79Lxx MC33160 MC33263 MC33275 MC33375 MC78Mxx MC79Mxx MC33267 MC33268 MC33269 MC78xx MC79xx MC78TXX ADJUSTABLE LM317L LM2931C LP2951 LM317M LM337M MC33269 LM317 LM337 LM350 VOLTAGE REGULATION Figure 30.

15” Monitor Power Supplies Video Driver Overlayed RGB R RGB G RGB HC05 CPU CORE MEMORY Monitor MCU RWM 10101100101 12C BUS On Screen Display Generator V_Sync H_Sync SYNC PROCESSOR 1280 x 1024 V_Sync H_Sync CRT B PWM or 12C RGB R G B Vertical Driver H–Driver TR IRF510/11 MTD6N10/15 http://onsemi. 15” Monitor Power Supplies .M.S Controller UC3842 MC44603/5 MC44608 Sync Signal MUR420 MUR440 MUR460 SMPSRM Figure 31. PFC Devices MC34262 MC33368 MC33260 MTP8N60E H_Sync Timebase Processor DC TO DC CONTROLLER H–Output TR MFW16212 MJL16218 UC3842/3 IRF630/740 MTP6P20E Damper Diode MUR10150E MUR5150E MUR8100E MUR4100E MUR460 S.C.P.com DOWN USB HUB Geometry Correction MC33370 MC33363A/B IRF630 / 640 / 730 /740 / 830 / 840 31 UP USB & Auxiliary Standby AC/DC Power Supply H–Driver Line Driver V_Sync Line A.Figure 31.

Prec. Voltage Mode Integrated Power Switch Circuit 600 V. 14 A. trr = 55 ns. PFC with Synchronization Capability.com 32 . trr = 50 ns. or Normal Mode Fixed Frequency Controller + 700 V Start–up. 3 A. 75 kHz and 100 kHz options). Vf = 1.2 V 500 V. 6 A.1 V @ 1. 1 A Power Switch Variable Frequency Controller + 700 V Start–up Switch GREENLINE. 1 A. Controller + Internal Start–up. AC/DC Power Supply for CRT Displays Table 5. Ir max = 10 uA 800 V. Sync. 8 A. Rds (on) = 1.0 A Samples/Prod. Part # MC33262 MC33368 MC33260 MC33365 MC33364 MC44603A/604 MC44605 MC44608 MC33370–4 MTP6N60E MTW14N50E MSR860 MUR440 MRA4006T3 MR856 Description PFC Control IC PFC Control IC PFC Control IC PWM Control IC PWM Control IC PWM Control IC PWM Control IC PWM Control IC High Voltage Switching Regulator MOSFET MOSFET Ultrasoft Rectifier Ultrafast Rectifier Fast Recovery Rectifier Fast Recovery Rectifier Key Parameters Critical Conduction PFC Controller Critical Conduction PFC Controller + Internal Start–up Low System Cost. Fixed Frequency (40 kHz. Current–mode GREENLINE. Rds (on) = 0. 4 A. Follower Boost Mode.0 A 600 V.25 V @ 3. Ref Figure 32. Sync. Vf = 1. 8–pin 700 V.SMPSRM Start–up Switch Rectifier + Bulk Storage Capacitor Ultrafast Rectifier + Load AC Line PWM Control IC PWM Switcher MOSFET n–outputs Prog. Facility. Ir max = 1 uA 400 V. Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/2Q99 Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now http://onsemi. Facility with Low Standby Mode GREENLINE. Fixed Frequency PWM.4 V 600 V.

Voltage Mode Integrated Power Switch Circuit Critical Conduction Mode. Prec. < 15 W 700 V Fixed Frequency PWM.SMPSRM Start–up Switch Rectifier + Bulk Storage Capacitor Ultrafast Rectifier + Load AC Line PWM Control IC PWM Switcher MOSFET n–outputs Prog. AC/DC Power Supply for Storage. Imaging & Entertainment Table 6.25 V @ 3. 3 A. 6 A. Part # MC33363A/B/65 MC33370–4 MC33364 TL431B MTP6N60E MSRD620CT MR856 Description PWM Control IC High Voltage Switching Regulator PWM Control IC Program Precision Reference MOSFET Ultrasoft Rectifier Fast Recovery Rectifier Key Parameters Controller + 700 V Start–up & Power Switch. Prog. Temperature Compensated 600 V. Ir max = 1 uA 600 V.4% Tolerance. Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now http://onsemi.0 A Samples/Prod. Ref Figure 33. 6 A Rds (on) = 1. Output up to 36 V.2 200 V.com 33 . SMPS Controller 0. Vf = 1. trr = 55 ns.

3 V.5 A(1). 0. 5 V. Ir = 0. 1 V diff. Vf = 0.3 A(1). Now/Now Now/Now Now/2Q99 Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now Now/Now (1) Continuous at TA = 25° C. 160 mW FET/1 A. 5 V out 0. 3. 10 mW @ 10 V 30 V.8 V – 5 V. Vcc = 7 V. Mounted on 1” square FR–4 or G10. 4. 100 mW FET/3 A. SOT 23 – 5 Leads 0. Vf = 0. 3 A.8 V. 18. 12.42 V Schottky 30 V.2 A. 1% Tolerance 300 mA. 2. 3.46 V Schottky 30 V. Ir = 0. 5. Fast Response 20 V. 7 – 40 V in. 2.3. 5 V out. 0.SMPSRM Lo + V in – Co Control IC Lo + Load V in – Control IC Co + Vout – Load Voltage Regulation + Vout – Buck Regulator Synchronous Buck Regulator Figure 34. Available in 2. 3.5% Tolerance Iout = 150 mA.3.8 A.395 @ 1 A.7 A. DC – DC Conversion Table 7. 15 & adj out Digital Controlled.com 34 . Vf = 0. Low Dropout Regulator IC Medium Dropout Regulator IC Low Dropout Regulator Low Dropout. 12 V out.5 – 3 A. 6 A. 3. 3. 90 mW @ 10 V 30 V. 100 mW @ 4. Vf = 0. 35 mW FET/3 A. 3. Vf = 0. 12.43 @ 1 A. VGS = 10 V t  10 seconds http://onsemi. 1 A.38 V diff. 2 A.43 @ 2 A. 1 A.1 A. Ir = 1 mA @ 40 V 40 V.42 V Schottky 40 V.5 mW @ 10 V 30 V.5 V Samples/Prod. 3.3.3.8 mA @ 40 V 30 V. Fixed Voltage IC CMOS LDO Linear Voltage Regulator Control IC w/integrated FET Synchronous Buck Regulator IC P–Ch FET w/Schottky in SO–8 N–Ch FET w/Schottky in SO–8 P–Ch FET w/Schottky in SO–8 1A Schottky in Powermite Package 1A Schottky in SMA Package 2A Schottky in SMB Package Single N–Ch MOSFET in SO–8 Single N–Ch MOSFET in DPAK Single P–Ch MOSFET in Micro 8 Package Single N–Ch MOSFET in TSOP–6 Single P–Ch MOSFET in TSOP–6 Key Parameters 150 mA. 11. 5.3 A. 2 A. 65 mW @ 10 V 20 V.5. Part # MC33263 MC33269 MC33275/375 LP2950/51 MC78PC LM2574/75/76 MC33470 MMDFS2P102R2 MMDFS6N303R2 MMDFS3P303R2 MBRM140T3 MBRA130LT3 MBRS2040LT3 MMSF3300 MMSF3302 MTSF2P03HD MGSF3454X/V MGSF3441X/V Description Low Noise.4 mA @ 40 V 40 V. 3. SOT 23L 6 Lead Package 0.3 V. Vf = 0. 8 Outputs 2.

8 A + V RRM (V) 100 Package Axial MATRIX MBR3100 MOSFET Part No. Typical 200 W ATX Forward Mode SMPS Part No. MC33369 MC33370 MC33371 MC33372 MC33373 Part No. +12 V 6 A +5 V 22 A Voltage Stand–by Mains 230 Vac 5 V 0.Part No.com 35 –12 V 0. MBR160 V RRM (V) 60 I o (A) 1 Package Axial +3. V RRM (V) IN540x Series 400 X1000 I o (A) Package 3 Axial + Part No. MBR2535CTL MBR2545CT MBR3045ST MBRF2545CT MBR3045PT MBR3045WT Part No. Package TO–220 Part No. MUR1xxxE Series MUR4xxxE Series MR7xxx Series 1N4937 V RRM (V) 600 1000 600 1000 600 1000 600 Figure 35.1 A + + V RRM (V) I o (A) 25 35 45 25 45 30 45 25 45 30 45 30 V RRM (V) 60 100 200 200 200 200 V RRM (V) 40 40 30 40 40 I o (A) 3 I o (A) 20 20 20 16 16 16 I o (A) 3 3 3 3 3 Package TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 TO–218 TO–247 Package TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 Package SMC DPAK Axial Axial Axial + Part No. TL431 Package TO–92 X X X I o (A) Package 1 4 6 1 Axial Axial Axial Axial SMPSRM Figure 35. http://onsemi. Typical 200 W ATX Forward Mode SMPS . U384X Series MC34060 TL494 TL594 MC34023 MC44608 MC44603 MC44603A Package DIP8 DIP8/TO–220 DIP8/TO–220 DIP8/TO–220 DIP8/TO–220 Package DIP8/SO–8/SO–14 DIP14/SO–14 DIP16/SO–16 DIP16/SO–16 DIP16/SO–16 DIP8 DIP16/SO–16 DIP16/SO–16 PWM IC –5 V 0. MBRS340T3 MBRD340 1N5821 1N5822 MBR340 Part No.3 V 14 A V RRM (V) I o (A) MBR2535CTL 25 35 Part No.5 A + MBR2060CT MBR20100CT MBR20200CT MUR1620CT MUR1620CTR MURF1620CT Part No. MTB/P6N60E MTP4N80E MTW7N80E V DSS (V) 600 800 800 I p (A) 6 4 7 Package D2PAK/TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 Part No.

ON Semiconductor Advantages: Complete semiconductor solution based around highly integrated MC33374T.7 A C1 33 mF 250 V S1 C2 33 mF 250 V 1/2 IC2 CNY17F–2 TP9 D8 MBR350 + VR2 5k + 3.6 C6 + 47 mF TP3 R2 100 C5 0.9 k R8 330 k + C7 R9 330 k TP1 10 mF Z1 1. Devices: Part Number Description MC33374T 1. low–cost solution. two layers 0.0 mF R3 3.01 mF TP1 PB1 ON/OFF C16 1. 15 W 3.002” mylar tape Auxiliary: 16 turns of #32 AWG.3 V/2 A MC 33374 TP2 TP4 TP5 + C14 150 mF C13 C12 680 mF 680 mF C15 1.3/5 V Two–Outputs SMPS Features: Reduced part count.002” mylar tape Gap: 0.0 A D1 180 to 264 D3 or 90 to 132 VAC Input D2 D4 TP6 1N5406 C3 + R1 3.3 mH R4 TP8 VR1 15 k + C4 0. two layers 0.307 mH http://onsemi.3/5 V Two–Output SMPS F1 1.002” mylar tape Secondary2: 2 x 3 turns of #23 AWG. two layers 0.com 36 .5KE200A MUR160 MBR350 TL431 1N5406 Transformer High Voltage Power Switching Regulator Transient Voltage Suppressor (200 V) Axial Lead Ultrafast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Axial Lead Schottky Rectifier (50 V) Programmable Precision Reference General Purpose Rectifier (600 V) Core: E20/10/6 Ferrite Material: N67 from Siemens or equivalent Bobbin: B66206 from Siemens or equivalent Primary: 90 turns of #32 AWG.2 k C10 150 mF C11 1.0 nF Figure 36.5KE200A D5 MUR160 D6 +MUR 120 D7 MBR350 + C8 C9 470 mF 470 mF 1/2 IC2 CNY17F TP7 IC3 TL431 R5 15 k L2 3.3 mH + L1 3.248 mm for primary inductance of 1. two layers 0.SMPSRM Application: 15 W 3.0 mF 5 V/1.1 mF R6 22 k R7 8.002” mylar tape Secondary1: 2 x 4 turns of #23 AWG.

SMPSRM

Application: 80 W Power Factor Controller
1 D2 RFI FILTER 92 to 138 Vac D4 ZERO CURRENT DETECTOR D1 D3 + 1.2 V 1.6 V/ 1.4 V UVLO + 13 V/ 8.0 V 16 V 10 DELAY RS LATCH 2.2 M R5 CURRENT SENSE COMPARATOR DRIVE OUTPUT 10 7 MUR130 D5 MTP 8N50E Q1 VO 230 V/ 0.35 A + 220 C3 6.7 V 5 C5 100 k R6 8 + 36 V + 1N4934 D6 100 C4 22 k R4

T

2.5 V REFERENCE

TIMER

R

20 k 1.5 V OVERVOLTAGE COMPARATOR + 1.08 V ref ERROR AMP + 10 mA Vref QUICKSTART 6 2 0.68 C1 10 pF

4 0.1 R7

1.0 M R2

0.01 C2

7.5 k R3

MULTIPLIER 3

1 11 k R1

Figure 37. 80 W Power Factor Controller

Features: Reduced part count, low–cost solution. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Complete semiconductor solution based around highly integrated MC33262. Devices: Part Number MC33262 MTP8N50E MUR130 Transformer Description Power Factor Controller TMOS Power MOSFET Axial Lead Ultrafast Recovery Rectifier (300 V)

t

Coilcraft N2881–A Primary: 62 turns of #22 AWG Secondary: 5 turns of #22 AWG Core: Coilcraft PT2510 Gap: 0.072” total for a primary inductance (Lp) of 320 mH

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SMPSRM

Application: Compact Power Factor Correction

Vcc FUSE 1N5404 AC LINE 100 nF MAINS FILTER 0.33 µF 10 µF/ 16 V + L1 MUR460 Vout

+ 1 100 nF 2 3 12 kW 120 pF 0.5 W/3 W 45 kW 1 MW 4 MC33260 8 7 6 5 1 MW 10 W MTP8N50E

100 µF/ 450 V

Figure 38. Compact Power Factor Correction

Features : Low–cost system solution for boost mode follower. Meets IEC1000–3–2 standard. Critical conduction, voltage mode. Follower boost mode for system cost reduction – smaller inductor and MOSFET can be used. Inrush current detection. Protection against overcurrent, overvoltage and undervoltage. ON Semiconductor advantages: Very low component count. No Auxiliary winding required. High reliability. Complete semiconductor solution. Significant system cost reduction. Devices: Part Number MC33260 MTP8N50E MUR460 1N5404 Description Power Factor Controller TMOS Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Ultrafast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) General Purpose Rectifier (400 V)

t

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SMPSRM

Application: Low Wattage Constant – Current Constant – Voltage SMPS
F1 C1 0.047 mF L1 DB1 + C2 10 mF P6KE200A MUR160 C3 47 pF R1 3.9 k W Np MUR120 + 5 MC33370P 6 7 8 4 C5 1 nF 3 2 1 + C4 47 mF C8 2.2 nF Naux C6 10 mF CNY17F–2 U2 2N3904 R6 2.2 W R7 22 W R8 1W R9 22 W T Ns R4 47 W MBR350 + C9 L2 3.3 mH U2 R11 2.2 k W R13 68 W C11 100 mF + C12 1 mF

330 mF

R5 100 W

1N5235B

R2 39 W

Figure 39. Low Wattage Constant–Current Constant–Voltage SMPS

Features: Constant–Current Constant–Voltage SMPS: 7.6 V/600 mA Brown–out Protection/Level Switch ON/OFF/Toggle ON/OFF. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Low component count due to high system integration level. Lower power required in standby mode. No additional circuitry required for on/off control function. Smaller circuit board area for complete power converter system solution. Low cost CICV control with an NPN transistor and Zener diode. Devices: Part Number Description MC33370P MUR160 MUR120 MBR350 2N3904 1N5271B P6KE200A 1N5235B Inductor, L1 Transformer High Voltage Power Switching Regulator Ultrafast Recitifier (600 V) Ultrafast Rectifier (200 V) Schottky Rectifier (50 V) NPN Bipolar Transistor (TO–92) Zener diode (100 V) Zener diode (200 V) Zener diode (6.8 V) 22 mH (Siemens) Common–mode choke Core Type: E13/7/4 Ferrite Material: N67 from Siemens or equivalent Bobbin: B66202 from Siemens or equivalent Primary: 133 turns of #35 AWG, three layers 0.002” mylar tape Auxiliary: 27 turns of #38 AWG, two layers 0.002” mylar tape Secondary: 8 turns of #26 AWG, triple insulated wire Gap: 0.137 mm for a primary inductance of 2.002 mH

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2 kW 11 + 8.7 kW 100 nF VmP FROM mP 0: STAND–BY 1: NORMAL MODE Figure 40. Monitor Pulsed–Mode SMPS http://onsemi.7 µF + 10 V 150 kW 470 pF MTP8N50E 10 W 270 W Lp MR852 1000 µF + 15 V/ 0.2 nF 10 4.2 kW 2.7 µF 2.8 MW Vin 22 kW 47 µF 25 V + 47 kW MR856 1 µH MR856 SMT31 1000 µF + 9 8 7 10 pF 470 pF 6 MC44605P 560 kW 4 3 2 1 5 4.SMPSRM Application: Monitor Pulsed–Mode SMPS 90 Vac to 270 Vac RFI FILTER 1 nF/500 V 1W 1 nF/1 kV MR856 47 µF 22 µH 90 V/0.1 A + 4.9 kW/6 W 120 pF 4.2 nF 14 15 16 56 kW 10 kW 1.com 40 .8 A 22 nF MR852 220 µF + 56 kW –10 V/ 0.8 kW 100 nF TL431 12 V 2.2 kW 12 470 1N4148 kW 13 2.5 A MOC8107 10 kW 96.3 kW 1.7 kW 1 kW BC237B 2.7 MW + 47 µF D1 – D4 1N5404 Vin 150 µF 400 V 2W 3.3 A 1 kW 470 W 1N4934 0.7 kW 1N4148 100 nF 1N4934 1N4934 MCR22–6 45 V/ 1A 1 nF/500 V SYNC 3.1 W MBR360 4700 µF 100 W + 8 V/ 1.7 µF+ 10 V 4.

Vac (110 V) Vac (240 V) ³ ³ about 1 watt about 3 watts Efficiency (pout = 85 watts) Around 77% @ Vac (110 V) Around 80% @ Vac (240 V) Maximum Power limitation. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Designed around high performance current mode controller. Devices: Part Number MC44605P MTP8N50E TL431 MR856 MR852 MBR360 BC237B 1N5404 Transformer Description High Safety Latched Mode GREENLINE Controller For (Multi) Synchronized Applications TMOS E–FET Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Programmable Precision Reference Fast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Fast Recovery Rectifier (200 V) Axial Lead Schottky Rectifier (60 V) NPN Bipolar Transistor General–Purpose Rectifier (400 V) t t t G6351–00 (SMT31M) from Thomson Orega Primary Inductance: 207 mH Area: 190 nH/turns2 Primary Turns: 33 Turns (90 V): 31 http://onsemi. Built–in latched disabling mode. Complete semiconductor solution.SMPSRM Features: Off power consumption: 40 mA drawn from the 8 V output in Burst mode. Over–temperature detection. Winding short circuit detection.com 41 .

2 kW R14 47 kW R8 1 kW OREGA TRANSFORMER G6191–00 THOMSON TV COMPONENTS C14 220 pF R33 0.6 kW R15 1 MW C7 10 nF 12 13 14 15 16 11 V/0.6 A C30 100 nF 250 Vac LF1 RFI FILTER C19 1 nF/1 kV D1–D4 1N4007 3.5 A D5 MR854 C21 1000 µF 9 C8 560 pF 10 11 R18 MC44603AP 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 R3 22 kW C10 1 µF 1 kW 15 kW 180 kW Q1 MTA4N60E D8 MR854 5.SMPSRM Application: 70 W Wide Mains TV SMPS 95 Vac to 265 Vac F1 FUSE 1.5 A C22 1000 µF R20 47W R9 150W R4 3.com 42 .8 MW C4–C5 1 nF/1 kV R7 68 kW/1 W C16 100 µF R19 27 kW C11 100 pF R22 C12 1 nF R21 4.9 kW R5 2. 70 W Wide Mains TV SMPS http://onsemi.7 MW C1 220 mF R16 68 kW/2 W C26 4.31 W R13 10 kW Figure 41.7 nF C15 220 pF L3 22 µH 115 V/0.45 A D13 1N4148 D15 1N4148 C9 100 nF D12 MR856 C20 47 µF D23 47 µF L1 1 µH D7 IN4937 15 V/1.

2 V. Devices: Part Number MC44603AP MTA4N60E MR856 MR854 1N4007 1N4937 Transformer Description Enhanced Mixed Frequency Mode GREENLINE PWM Controller TMOS E–FET Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Fast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Fast Recovery Rectifier (400 V) General Purpose Rectifier (1000 V) General Purpose Rectifier (600 V) " " t t t Thomson Orega SMT18 http://onsemi. Cross regulation (115 Vac) = 0. Meets IEC emi radiation standards. Efficiency @ 230 Vac = 86% @ 110 Vac = 84% Load regulation (115 Vac) = 0.SMPSRM Features: 70 W output power from 95 to 265 Vac.com 43 . A narrow supply voltage design (80 W) is also available. ON Semiconductor Advantages: DIP16 or SO16 packaging options for controller. Frequency 20 kHz fully stable.8 V.

27 W 8 D10 MR852 9 + C15 1000 µF/16 V R12 1 kW C18 100 nF C7 22 mF 16 V 2 11 D9 MR852 10 C16 100 pF R19 18 kW D13 1N4148 C14 + 1000 µF/35 V DZ1 MCR22–6 8 V/1 A 112 V/0.7 MW/4 kV C11 220 pF/500 V + C5 R1 220 mF 22 kW 400 V 5W C6 47 nF 630 V 6 D7 1N4148 1 D12 1N4934 7 + 7 Vcc 6 5 R2 10 W C8 100 nF C9 470 pF 630 V D14 MR856 R17 2.com 44 .3 W TV Stand–by http://onsemi.9 kW 8 R21 47 W ON R9 100 kW R10 10 kW OFF OPT1 C19 33 nF DZ2 TL431CLP ON = Normal mode OFF = Pulsed mode R11 47 kW DZ3 10 V R8 2. Wide Mains 100 W TV SMPS with Secondary Reconfiguration for 1.45 A 14 D18 MR856 12 C12 47 µF/250 V + C13 100 nF 16 V/1.5 A 2 3 1 2 3 J3 1 C4 1 nF D5 1N4007 R5 100 kW D6 MR856 R7 47 kΩ C17 120 pF J4 1 Isense 2 3 4 MC44608P75 R4 3.2 kW 5W R3 0.4 kW Figure 42.SMPSRM Application: Wide Mains 100 W TV SMPS with 1.3 W TV Stand–by F1 C31 100 nF 47283900 R F6 RFI FILTER C19 2N2F–Y C3 1 nF D1–D4 1N5404 R16 4.

ON Semiconductor Advantages: Very low component count controller. Complete semiconductor solution. Protection against open loop. Over–temperature detection. Fail safe open feedback loop.SMPSRM Features: Off power consumption: 300mW drawn from the 8V output in pulsed mode. Stand–by losses independent of the mains value.com 45 . Efficiency: 83% Maximum power limitation. Programmable pulsed–mode power transfer for efficient system stand–by mode. Devices: Part Number MC44608P75 MTP6N60E TL431 MR856 MR852 1N5404 Transformer Description GREENLINE Very High Voltage PWM Controller TMOS Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Programmable Precision Reference Fast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Fast Recovery Rectifier (200 V) General Purpose Rectifier (400 V) SMT19 40346–29 (9 slots coil former) Primary inductance: 181 mH Nprimary: 40 turns N 112 V: 40 turns N 16 V: 6 turns N 8 V: 3 turns t http://onsemi. Demagnetization detection.3W independent of the mains. Pin = 1.

Low–Cost Offline IGBT Battery Charger Features: Universal ac input.2 k IC1 MOC8103 M1 MMG05N60D MBRS240LT3 D5 R2 1N4148 150 R11 113 k + + C2 220 mF/ 10 V + 8 V at 400 mA – 8 7 6 5 + C8 1 mF MC33341 + 1 C7 10 mF D2 12 V 0V C5 1 nF Q1 MBT3946DW R9 470 C9 1 nF R2 3. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Special–process IGBT (Normal IGBTs will not function properly in this application). 3 Watt capability for charging portable equipment. Spice model available for MC33341.com 46 . Off the shelf components. Light weight.SMPSRM Application: Low–Cost Offline IGBT Battery Charger 130 to 350 V DC R1 150 D1 1N4148 C3 220 mF/ 10 V D3 R3 220 k R13 100 k C10 1 nF D4 1N4937 + C3 10 mF/ 350 V R1 120 k R5 1k MC14093 R5 1. Devices: Part Number MMG05N60D MC33341 MBT3946DW MBRS240LT3 MC14093 1N4937 Description Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor in SOT–223 Package Power Supply Battery Charger Regulator Control Circuit Dual General Purpose (Bipolar) Transistors Surface Mount Schottky Power Rectifier Quad 2–Input “NAND” Schmitt Trigger General–Purpose Rectifier (600 V) http://onsemi.9 R9 100 2 C4 47 nF 3 4 D4 12 V R12 20 k Q5 R10 Figure 43. Space saving surface mount design.

5 kW Figure 44.5 kW R21 C19 10 kW 100 nF C20 33 nF D14 1N4733 R25 1 kW C12 6. 110 W Output Flyback SMPS http://onsemi.1 mF D1–D4 1N4007 C2 220 mF R2 68 kW / 2 W 9 C9 C10 820 pF 1 mF 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 R18 27 kW R19 10 kW MC44603P 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 C13 100 nF R4 27 kW R9 C16 100 pF 1 kW C15 1 nF R7 180 kW R8 15 kW 220 pF 28 V / 1 A C27 1000 mF C28 0.7 kW C32 C1 100 mF R20 22 kW 5W C17 47 nF L1 1 mH D6 1N4148 R5 1.com 47 .SMPSRM Application: 110 W Output Flyback SMPS 180 VAC TO 280 VAC C3 1 nF / 1 KV RFI FILTER R1 1W/5W C4–C7 1 nF / 1000 V R3 4.8 nF TL431 R22 2.1 mF D7 MR856 Laux D9 MR852 C29 220 pF 120 V / 0.1 mF R15 10 kW C11 1 nF R16 10 kW MTP6N60E R10 10 W R26 1 kW C23 R14 2 X 0.5 A D5 1N4934 D8 MR856 C30 100 mF C31 0.7 nF R6 180 W C26 220 pF 15 V / 1 A D10 MR852 C25 1000 mF C24 0.2 kW LP C14 4.56 W// 220 pF 8V/1A D11 MR852 C21 1000 mF C22 0.1 mF R17 10 kW MOC8101 R24 270 W R23 117.

Precise limiting of maximum power in fixed frequency mode. demagnetization and softstart. Fixed frquency and stand–by mode.1 V) General Purpose Rectifier (1000 V) t t t http://onsemi. Reduced frequency in stand–by mode.com 48 . Automatically changes operating mode based on load requirements.SMPSRM Features: Off–line operation from 180 V to 280 Vac mains. Devices: Part Number MC44603P MTP6N60E MR856 MR852 TL431 1N4733A 1N4007 Description Enhanced Mixed Frequency Mode GREENLINE PWM Controller TMOS E–FET Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Fast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Fast Recovery Rectifier (200 V) Programmable Precision Reference Zener Voltage Regulator Diode (5. foldback. overvoltage detection. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Built–in protection circuitry for current limitation.

8 M D2 MUR180E R6 1.0 mF D6 FILTER C17 47 nF 1 R5 1.6 mH Q2 BUL44D2 R13 2.0 W R2 1.com 49 .0 R D8 C16 47 nF D9 630 V 8 R3 100 k/1. unless otherwise noted R7 1. 63 V. ± 10%. 0.22 mF C4 47 mF + 450 V P1 20 k C15 100 nF Q1 MTP4N50E 3 2 T2 R4 22 k 5 + D1 MUR120 C2 330 mF 25 V AGND 7 U1 MC34262 D7 4 2 6 1 630 V C1 10 nF FUSE R1 12 k LINE 220 V C3 1.2 R C8 2.2 nF R11 4.7 R DIAC C6 10 nF D4 T1B D3 1N4007 R9 330 k R10 10 R T1C C5 0.SMPSRM Application: Efficient Safety Circuit for Electronic Ballast C13 100 nF 250 V R18 PTC C12 22 nF C14 100 nF AGND 250 V C11 4. Efficient Safety Circuit for Electronic Ballast http://onsemi.0 R C7 10 nF NOTES: * All resistors are ± 5%.25 W unless otherwise noted * All capacitors are Polycarbonate.2 M 3 Figure 45.2 nF R12 4.2 R C9 2.7 R T1A FT063 Q3 BUL44D2 R14 2.7 nF 1200 V PTUBE = 55 W L1 1.

com 50 . Includes power factor correction.SMPSRM Features: Easy to implement circuit to avoid thermal runaway when fluorescent lamp does not strike. Devices: Part Number MC34262 MTP4N50E MUR120 BUL44D2 1N4007 1N5240B *Other Lamp Ballast Options: 1. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Power devices do not have to be oversized – lower cost solution. http://onsemi. 2 Lamps 825 V 100 V 1200 V BUL642D2 BUB642D2 MJD18002D2 MJD18202D2 3. 4 Lamps BUL642D2 BUB642D2 MJB18004D2 MJE18004D2 MJB18204D2 MJE18204D2 Description Power Factor Controller TMOS E–FET Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Ultrafast Rectifier (200 V) Bipolar Transistor* for Electronic Lamp Ballast (400 V) General Purpose Diode (1000 V) Zener Voltage Regulator Diode (10 V) ON Semiconductor’s H2BIP process integrates a diode and bipolar transistor for a single package solution.

5 W L2 C3 C4 F1 100 nF/630 V D1 GND 1N4148 C28 TL1 FLUO TUBE 0R D13 1 2 C29 R16 2.5 mH C22 1500 pF/ 500 V L4 1. Lamp Ballast with Power Factor Correction (Evaluation Board) http://onsemi.Application: Lamp Ballast with Power Factor Correction (Evaluation Board) 22 m F/450V D19 1N4148 C15 C26 C26 R35 10 R R1 D6 820 k 15 V GND D8 D12 C20 100 nF R19 22 R R26 100 k D13 1N4148 R20 D14 1N4148 R23 R21 100 k 100 R 1N4148 R27 470 k 1N4148 D10 D5 GND Vz 15 V C30 + GND 22 m F/25 V R36 1k C5 0R R5 R7 + 22 m F/25 V C17 C12 T1 MUR160 100 nF 220 nF C16 100 nF R10 330 k R17 2 TL2 FLUO TUBE 1 2 3 4 Vdd Vref RPH Vboot VHO N/C 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 R D4 MUR160 C11 47 nF C13 22 nF 1M R11 100 k R12 820 k CPH VOUT 5 GND Q2 MTP6N50E R8 CSWP VLO COP DTA GND STD 10 nF IOP RESET C14 470 pF/5% 6 R13 100 k 7 8 220 nF C19 15 k C25 100 nF C8 GND 100 nF Vdd Vsync 3 7 Osc Gdrive U2 MC33260 2 IS 4 Vctrl 270 pF GND 6 VS 1 100 k R4 R14 R22 82 k GND 22 R 10 GND C18 9 100 nF R25 10 k GND Q3 MTP8N50E L3 1.2 M 1N4148 100 nF/630 V 25 m F/35 V D2 C31 1N4007 R18 2.2 M 1N4007 D3 + 10 nF C27 LINE/N 1 R/2 W R32 FILTER SEMAP 27 mH/1 A GND 22 k D18 R32 1 4 3 OR U2 MC33157DW C24 GND 100 nF/450 V Q4 MTP8N50E GND 470 k + 100 nF/450 V R31 Figure 46.5 mH R29 33 k R34 GND 1M 8 5 GND GND D16 1N4148 D17 1N4148 R30 R33 6800 pF/1000 V/5% 1M 33 k 3 4 R6 10 k GND R15 1M 0R R9 0R 6800 pF/1000 V/5% C7 GND R24 R28 GND 680 nF/ 630 V BRIDGE 2A/800 V R2 LINE/P 2A – TD FUSE C2 68 k/0.com 51 SMPSRM GND .

2 A/800 V Bridge http://onsemi.com 52 .SMPSRM Features : Evaluation board includes all functions for an electronic ballast Includes power factor correction ON Semiconductor advantages: Very low component count Built–in 2% voltage reference eliminates the need for external compensation over the temperature range Complete semiconductor solution Devices: Part Number MC33157DW MC33260 MTP8N50E MTP6N50E MUR160 MUR460 1N4007 Description Electronic Ballast Controller Power Factor Controller TMOS Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) TMOS Power Field Effect Transistor (N–Channel) Axial Lead Ultrafast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Ultrafast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) General Purpose Rectifier (1000 V).

Line Regulation within 2.01 PB1 ON/OFF TOGGLE Figure 47. lo = 3.5KE200A D5 MUR160 C8 470 T1 + C11 470 1/2 IC2 MOC 8103 IC3 TL431B C14 1.2% ON Semiconductor Advantages: Complete semiconductor solution designed around highly integrated MC33374 Devices: Part Number MC33370 MUR160 TL431B 1.6 W (115 Vac) or 0.0 mH + 1N5406 C2 50 pF + C1 100 + 1/2 IC2 MOC8103 R2 3.0 A D1 92 to 276 D3 VAC INPUT D2 D4 R5 15 k C13 1.5 A) = 843.com 53 .5 A DC OUTPUT F1 3.SMPSRM Application: Universal 50–Watt Power Supply D7 MBR20100CT L1 5.9 k Z1 1.19 W (230 Vac) with toggle off.6 + C5 50 R7 100 C4 0.5 A " Efficiency Vin = 115 Vac (lo = 3. Universal 50–Watt Power Supply Features: On–Off Toggle Control: consumes only 0.0 mV with Vin from 92 Vac to 276 Vac.5 A) = 86.5KE200A MBR20100CT 1N5406 Description High Voltage Power Switching Regulator Axial Lead Ultrafast Recovery Rectifier (600 V) Programmable Precision Reference Transient Voltage Suppressor (200 V) TO–220 Schottky Rectifier (100 V) General Purpose Rectifier (600 V) http://onsemi.4% Vin = 230 Vac (lo = 3.0 – IC1 MC 33374 R3 3.1 C12 150 + R4 270 R6 75 k + 15 V/3.0 nF C7 0.

Space saving surface mount design.com 54 .SMPSRM Application: AC–DC Battery Charger – Constant Current with Voltage Limit T0.1 V) Zener Voltage Regulator Diode (MMSZ18T1) For details consult AN1600 t http://onsemi.25 R12 10 k Figure 48. 9.7 1SO1 5 MOC0102 4 1 2 R10 100 R 22 k 1N4140 D5 R5 5 4 3 7 47 k R6 47 k C4 1 nF 2 D6 MURS160T3 Q1 MTD1N60E R8 100 T1 6 1N4140 R4 5V J2 1 2 D8 C5 + 4 kW D9 1 mF BZX84/5 V 100 mF + D7 C5 R14 22 k U2 8 7 6 5 VSI GND DO VCC CSI CMP CTA MURS320T3 BZX84/18V Line VCC MC33341 R13 12 k CSI MC33364 5 GND Vref C3 100 nF 4 C3 FL 3 1 2 3 4 C7 33 nF R11 0.5 Watt capability for charging portable equipment. AC–DC Battery Charger – Constant Current with Voltage Limit Features: Universal ac input.2x J1 1 2 LINE 10 mF/350 V 10 V R1 220 + D2 C2 20 mF F1 D1 250R + C1 1N4140 D3 R2 4 kW D4 1N4140 R3 U1 8 7 1 ICD 6 2 R4 330 R7 2. ON Semiconductor Advantages: Off the shelf components Spice model available for MC33341 Devices: Part Number MC33341 MC33364 MURS160T3 MURS320T3 MTD1N60E BZX84C5V1LT1 BZX84/18V Transformer Description Power Supply Battery Charger Regulator Control Circuit Critical Conduction SMPS Controller Surface Mount Ultrafast Rectifier (600 V) Surface Mount Ultrafast Rectifier (200 V) TMOS Power MOSFET DPAK N–Channel (600 V) Zener Voltage Regulator Diode (5. Light weight.

com 55 . Most of these App Notes are available through the Literature Distribution Center for ON Semiconductor at 800–344–3860 or 303–675–2175 or by email at ONlit@hibbertco. some of them will still be available only through the Motorola SPS Mfax system at 602–244–6591 or on the Motorola SPS website at http://mot–sps. Flyback Switching Power Supply Using the MC33364 AN1600 AC–DC Battery Charger – Constant Current with Voltage Limit http://onsemi.com. AN1327 Very Wide Input Voltage Range.com).0 A Current Source for Battery Chargers AN1594 Critical Conduction Mode. but the applications information may still be helpful in designing an SMPS.com. Off–line Flyback Switching Power Supply AN1520 HDTMOS Power MOSFETs Excel in Synchronous Rectifier Applications AN1541 Introduction to Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor AN1542 Active Inrush Current Limiting Using MOSFETs AN1543 Electronic Lamp Ballast Design AN1547 A DC to DC Converter for Notebook Computers Using HDTMOS and Synchronous Rectification AN1570 Basic Semiconductor Thermal Measurement AN1576 Reduce Compact Fluorescent Cost with Motorola’s IGBTs for Lighting AN1577 Motorola’s D2 Series Transistors for Fluorescent Converters AN1593 Low Cost 1. However. AN873 Understanding Power Transistor Dynamic Behavior: dv/dt Effects on Switching RBSOA AN875 Power Transistor Safe Operating Area: Special Consideration for Switching Power Supplies AN913 Designing with TMOS Power MOSFETs AN915 Characterizing Collector–to–Emitter and Drain–to–Source Diodes for Switchmode Applications AN918 Paralleling Power MOSFETs in Switching Applications AN920 Theory and Applications of the MC34063 and mA78S40 Switching Regulator Control Circuits AN929 Insuring Reliable Performance from Power MOSFETs AN952 Ultrafast Recovery Rectifiers Extend Power Transistor SOA AN1040 Mounting Considerations for Power Semiconductors AN1043 Spice Model for TMOS Power MOSFETs AN1080 External–Sync Power Supply with Universal Input Voltage Range for Monitors AN1083 Basic Thermal Management of Power Semiconductors AN1090 Understanding and Predicting Power MOSFET Switching Behavior AN1320 300 Watt.SMPSRM Literature Available from ON Semiconductor Application Notes These older Application Notes may contain part numbers that are no longer available. 100 kHz Converter Utilizes Economical Bipolar Planar Power Transistors The following Application Notes are available directly from the ON Semiconductor website (http://onsemi. as we transition away from Motorola SPS.

SMPSRM Literature Available from ON Semiconductor (continued) AN1601 Efficient Safety Circuit for Electronic Ballast AN1628 Understanding Power Transistors Breakdown Parameters AN1631 Using PSPICE to Analyze Performance of Power MOSFETs in Step–Down. MC33365 and MC33370). Logic and Discretes BR1487/D BR518/D DL128/D DL111/D DL202/D DL137/D DL135/D DL150/D DL151/D SG73/D SG388/D Device Models Device models for SMPS circuits (MC33363. Switching Regulators Employing Synchronous Rectification AN1669 MC44603 in a 110 W Output SMPS Application AN1679 How to Deal with Leakage Elements in Flyback Converters AN1680 Design Considerations for Clamping Networks for Very High Voltage Monolithic Off–Line PWM Controllers AN1681 How to Keep a Flyback Switch Mode Supply stable with a Critical–Mode Controller Brochures Thermal Modeling & Management of Discrete Surface Mount Packages SPS Reliability/Quality Handbook Analog/Interface ICs Device Bipolar Device Data IGBT Device Data Thyristor Device Data TMOS Power MOSFET Device Data TVS/Zener Device Data Rectifier Device Data Master Selection Guide ON Semiconductor Components Selector Guide. http://onsemi. power transistors. rectifiers and other discrete products are available through ON Semiconductor’s website or by contacting your local sales office. Analog.com 56 .

238 pages Chrysiss.SMPSRM Reference Books Relating to Switching Power Supply Design Baliga. Brown.. 624 pages.. PWS Publishing Co. Power Electronics: Converter. 224 pages. Wiley. Practical Switching Power Supply Design. Schlect. 1992. 2nd Edition. Inc. John D. W. Jayant. High Frequency Switching Power Supplies: Theory and Design. G. Addison–Wesley. Ca 94903–2317. Verghese. 1995. NY. IEEE Press. Applications and Design. 415–492–8443. MA. KG Magnetics. ON Semiconductor Series in Solid State Electronics. 115 Duran Drive. 738 pages. T. 433 pages. Robbins.. B. H. Ned. 221 pages. Designing Magnetic Components for High Frequency DC–DC Converters. Kassakian. W. John G. Butterworth–Heinmann. 1990. Tore M. Computer disk included. Simplified Design of Switching Power Supplies. Second Edition. Undeland. Whittington. Switching Regulators. Computer–Aided Analysis and Design of Switch–Mode Power Supplies. Marty. Derek A. Principles of Power Electronics. 146 figures. and Converters. CA. 1994. Multipulse Methods for Clean Power.com 57 . 479 pages. Switched Mode Power Supplies: Design and Construction. Power Electronic Converter Harmonics. San Marino. 1993 Lenk.. McLyman. Marty Power Supply Cookbook. 1994. C. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. McGraw–Hill. 1993. Daniel. 32 tables Mitchell. TAB Books. Wiley. 1989. 287 pages Gottlieb.. Power Supplies. San Rafael. Marcel Dekker. Small–Signal MathCAD Design Aids. 1995. 2nd Edition. MA. 240 pages. 802 pages Paice. Martin F. Inverters. Butterworth–Heinmann. e/j Bloom Associates.. 1996 224 pages. Lee.. Academic Press. 2nd Edition. 1991. C. 1994.. EDN Series for Design Engineers. EDN Series for Design Engineers. Power Semiconductor Devices. Mohan. http://onsemi. William P. Boston. Irving M. Brown. and George C. 1996.. Yim–Shu.

com/ Applied Power Electronics Conference (APEC) The power electronics conference for the practical aspects of power supplies.smpstech.psma. Ray Ridley http://www.org/ Dr.html Power Control and Intelligent Motion (PCIM) Articles from present and past issues. Bello’s Home Page SPICE simulation for switching–mode power supplies. http://www. David Middlebrook) http://www.pcim. http://www.com/ Power Corner Frank Greenhalgh’s Power Corner in EDTN http://fgl. http://www.com 58 .SpiceSim.powerdesigners.pels.apec–conf. http://www.com/ Switching–Mode Power Supply Design by Jerrold Foutz An excellent location for switching mode power supply information and links to other sources. R.ejbloom. an extensive list of manufacturer’s contact information and more. Dr.htm Power Designers http://www.com/ Power Sources Manufacturers Association A trade organization for the power sources industry.com/power1. http://www.darnell.com/ Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) http://www.com/ Quantum Power Labs An excellent hypertext–linked glossary of power electronics terms. http://www.ridleyengineering.com/ The Darnell Group (Jeff Shepard) Contains an excellent list of power electronics websites.com/ Ridley Engineering.com/ Power Quality Assurance Magazine Articles from present and past issues.ardem. Inc.SMPSRM Web Locations for Switching–Mode Power Supply Information Ardem Associates (Dr.ieee.quantumpower. http://www.com/ http://onsemi. Vincent G.org/pels. http://powerquality.com/ e/j BLOOM Associates (Ed Bloom) Educational Materials & Services for Power Electronics. http://www.org/ IEEE Power Electronics Society http://www.

http://www.teslaco.venableind.com/ Virginia Power Electronics Center (VPEC) http://www.rudyseverns.SMPSRM Web Locations for Switching–Mode Power Supply Information (continued) Springtime Enterprises – Rudy Severns Rudy Severns has over 40 years of experience in switching–mode power supply design and static power conversion for design engineers.vt. Slobodan Cuk is both chairman of TESLAco and head of the Caltech Power Electronics Group.com 59 . http://www.edu http://onsemi.com/ TESLAco Dr.com/ Venable Industries http://www.vpec.

MOSFET/IGBT drivers and dedicated power management controllers) are included for reference purposes. Additional circuits that are frequently used with a SMPS design (dc–de converters.SMPSRM Analog ICs for SWITCHMODE Power Supplies A number of different analog circuits that can be used for designing switchmode power supplies are shown on the following pages. Undervoltage and overvoltage supervisory circuits are in the System Management section. Information about the discrete semiconductors that are shown in this brochure and other discrete products that may be required for a switching power supply can be found in the ON Semiconductor Components Selector Guide (SG388/D). These circuits are the same as those in the Power Management and System Management sections of the ON Semiconductor Components Selector Guide. voltage references. http://onsemi. Circuits used specifically for the off–line controllers and power factor controllers are in the Power Management section. voltage regulators.com 60 .

and the ability to perform voltage step–up. . . making them virtually immune to the catastrophic failures encountered in older discrete designs.com 61 . . These devices incorporate many built–in protection features. . . In most electronic systems. . . . . . . . . . . 72 Power Factor Controllers . . step–down. . . . . . . . . . . the task of voltage regulator design was tediously accomplished with discrete devices. . . . . . . . The designer now has a wide choice of fixed. . . . . . . . . . . . . These advantages include significant advancements Page DC–DC Converters with Inductor . . ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. . ON Semiconductor offers a diverse portfolio of full featured switching regulator control circuits which meet the needs of today’s modern compact electronic equipment. . . . . . . improved efficiency. . . In the past. 121 in the areas of size and weight reduction. . . . . . . . . . . 103 MOSFET/IGBT Drivers . . 62 Off–Line SMPS Controllers . and the results were quite often complex and costly. . . . . . . . with bipolar monolithic regulators. . 93 Linear Voltage Regulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . They offer the designer several important advantages over linear series–pass regulators. . . . . . . . . . . 117 Dedicated Power Management Controllers . .SMPSRM Power Management Circuits In Brief . . low dropout and adjustable type voltage regulators. . . 114 Dedicated Drivers . . . . . . . . . some form of voltage regulation is required. . . . . . Today. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Voltage References . . . The switching power supply continues to increase in popularity and is one of the fastest growing markets in the world of power conversion. . . . . . . . . . this task has been significantly simplified. . . . . . . . and voltage–inverting functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 LDO Linear Voltage Regulators . .

. . . . . . . step–up.SMPSRM DC–DC Converters with Inductor In Brief . . . . Recent developments have used synchronous rectification and CMOS technology for better efficiency and lower current consumption. . . . . . . . . . . . . . inverting and step–up and down. . . . . . . . . Available in multiple DIP and surface mount packages. . . 64 64 66 68 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. . . step– down. These products are ideally suited to provide on–board conversion in systems where the power is distributed to various elements or electronic boards. . . . . . Easy Switcher Single–Ended Controllers with On–Chip Power Switch . . . . . Synchronous Rectification DC/DC Converter Programmable Integrated Controller . . . . . . . . . . . CMOS Micropower DC–to–DC Converters . . . . . . .com 62 . Page Single–Ended Controllers with On–Chip Power Switch . . . . . . . . . . DC–DC converters from ON Semiconductor cover a very wide range of output current levels from 50 mA up to 5 A and can be used in any topology. . .

5 Pin D2PAK –40 to +125 LM2576 4.5 to 40 Adjustable 3.5 to 40 Adjustable 1. 5 Pin D2PAK 5 Pin TO–220. 3.250 VFM Step–Up SOT–89 –30 to +80 MC33463–L 0.3.0 PFM DIP–16/SO–16 MC34165 3. –40 to +85 0 to 70. 3.0 PWM LM2574 4.3.5 PFM DIP–16/SO–16 MC34166 7. –40 to +85 0 to 70.9 to Vout 3.5 to 40 Adjustable 5. 15 & Adjust. On/Off Control Internal Switch Transistor. 12.5 to 40 Adjustable 3.250 PWM Step–Up SOT–89 –30 to +80 MC33466–L 0. 5 0. 12. 5 0.75 to 45 3. –40 to +85 0 to 70.9 to Vout 3.2 PWM DIP–16/SO–16 µA78S40 2.75 to 45 3.5 PFM DIP–8/SO–8 MC34163 2. SO–16WB MC34167 7.0 to 65 Adjustable 1.5 PFM DIP–16 MC34063A 3.com 63 .3.0 PWM Step–Down 5 Pin TO–220. 3.SMPSRM Input Voltage Range (V) 4 to 42 Output Switch Current (A) 0.3. 5. 5. –40 to +85 0 to 70. 1.5 PWM LM2575 4. 5 Pin D2PAK DIP–8. –40 to +85 0 to 70.3. –40 to +85 –40 to +125 Features External Switch Transistor External Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor. 5 Pin D2PAK –40 to +125 MC33463–K 0. 0.9 to Vout 3. On/Off Control Internal Switch Transistor. 5 0.3. –40 to +85 0 to 70. 15 & Adjust. 3. 12. 15 & Adjust. 5.0 to 40 Adjustable 1.050 PWM Step–Up SOT–89 –30 to +80 PWM: Pulse Width Modulation PFM: Pulse Frequency Modulation VFM: Variable Frequency Modulation http://onsemi.0 PWM 5 Pin TO–220. 5 0. 3.9 to Vout 3. Range (°C) 0 to 70.3.0 PWM Step–Down 5 Pin TO–220. On/Off Control Internal Switch Transistor External Switch Transistor Internal Switch Transistor External Switch Transistor TL494/TL594 7 to 40 Adjustable 0.75 to 45 3.5 Device MC34060A Output Voltage (V) Adjustable Control Scheme PWM Topology Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Up/Down & Inverting Step–Down Package DIP–14/SO–14 Temp. –25 to +85 0 to 70.050 VFM Step–Up SOT–89 –30 to +80 MC33466–J 0.

0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8 0 to 40 8.0% 5. (2) Guaranteed minimum.0% MC34063A 0 to +70 DIP–8 SO–8 MC33063A –40 to +85 DIP–8 SO–8 –40 to +125 3400 (Uncommitted Power Switch) 3400(2) (Dedicated Emitter Power Switch) 5500(3) (Dedicated Emitter Power Switch) (1) Tolerance applies over the specified operating temperature range. typically 4300 mA.23 to Device LM2574N–3. (3) Guaranteed minimum. 5–Pin TO–220 Table 2.3 LM2574N–5 LM2574N–12 LM2574N–15 LM2574N ADJ LM2574N–ADJ TJ (°C) –40 to +125 40 Package DIP–8 DIP 8 http://onsemi.3 5.com 64 .25 ± 2. Easy Switcher Single–Ended Controllers with On–Chip Power Switch The Easy Switcher series is ideally suited for easy.3 LM2574N 3. convenient design of a step–down switching regulator (buck converter).05 ± 2.0 12 15 1 23 t 37 1.0 t IO (mA) Max 500 Operating Mode Voltage Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 52 Fixed Internal Output O tp t Voltage (V) 3. SO–16L SO 16L 2.0% 100 MC34163 MC33163 0 to +70 –40 to +85 0 to +70 –40 to +85 0 to +70 –40 to +85 7. Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 4. SO–8 DIP–16.0% and 5.SMPSRM Table 1.05 ± 3.2%(1) Device µA78S40 TA (°C) 0 to +70 –40 to +85 Package DIP–16 1. Single–Ended Controllers with On–Chip Power Switch These monolithic power switching regulators contain all the active functions required to implement standard dc–to–dc converter configurations with a minimum number of external components.5 to 40 Maximum Useful Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 100 IO (mA) Max 1500 (Uncommitted (U i d Power Switch) Operating Mode Voltage Reference (V) 1.25 ± 5.75 to 40 8.5 to 40 Voltage 1. with a minimum number of external components.5 to 40 72 ± 12% Internally Fixed MC34166 MC33166 MC34167 MC33167 5–Pin D2PAK. Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 2.25 ± 2. typically 6500 mA.

3 LM2575TV–5 LM2575TV–12 LM2575TV–15 LM2575TV–ADJ LM2575TV ADJ LM2575D2T 3.0 12 15 1 23 t 37 1.0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8 0 to 40 8.0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8.0 12 15 1.23 to 1 23 t 37 3.0 t 4.0 12 15 1.0 t 8 0 to 40 4.3 LM2575TV–3.75 to 40 8.23 to 3.com 65 .3 LM2576D2T–5 LM2576D2T–12 LM2576D2T–15 LM2576D2T–ADJ LM2576D2T ADJ TJ (°C) –40 to +125 40 Package 5–Pin 5 Pin TO–220 5 Pin 5–Pin TO–220 5 Pin 5–Pin D2PAK –40 to +125 40 5–Pin 5 Pin TO–220 5 Pin 5–Pin TO–220 5 Pin 5–Pin D2PAK http://onsemi.3 LM2576T 3.23 to 1 23 t 37 Device LM2575T–3.23 to 1 23 t 37 3.3 5.3 LM2576T–5 LM2576T–12 LM2576T–15 LM2576T ADJ LM2576T–ADJ LM2576TV 3.3 LM2576TV–3.23 to 1 23 t 37 3.SMPSRM Table 2.3 5.3 LM2576TV–5 LM2576TV–12 LM2576TV–15 LM2576TV–ADJ LM2576TV ADJ LM2576D2T 3.3 5.3 LM2576D2T–3.75 to 40 8.75 to 40 8.0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8.3 5.23 to 3.3 LM2575D2T–5 LM2575D2T–12 LM2575D2T–15 LM2575D2T–ADJ LM2575D2T ADJ LM2576T–3.0 12 15 1 23 t 37 1.3 LM2575T–5 LM2575T–12 LM2575T–15 LM2575T ADJ LM2575T–ADJ LM2575TV 3.75 to 40 8. convenient design of a step–down switching regulator (buck converter).75 to 40 8.0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8. with a minimum number of external components.0 t 8 0 to 40 4.0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8.3 LM2575T 3.3 LM2575D2T–3. Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 4.3 5.0 12 15 1.0 12 15 1. Easy Switcher Single–Ended Controllers with On–Chip Power Switch(continued) The Easy Switcher series is ideally suited for easy.0 t 8 0 to 40 3000 4.75 to 40 8.0 t 8 0 to 40 Voltage 52 Fixed Internal IO (mA) Max 1000 Operating Mode Voltage Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 52 Fixed Internal Output Voltage (V) 3.3 5.0 to 40 15 to 40 18 to 40 8 0 to 40 8.0 t 4.

Switch Operating Temperature Range Package (Tape/Reel) SOT–89 (Tape) TA = –30° to +80°C 30° SOT–89 (Tape) Ext. The MC33463H–XXLT1 is identical to the MC33463H–XXKT1. in 0.0 Type Int.3 5. a driver transistor (Lx).5 V Available • High Efficiency of 80% Typical • Surface Mount Package ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33463H–30KT1 MC33463H–33KT1 MC33463H–50KT1 MC33463H–30LT1 MC33463H–33LT1 MC33463H–50LT1 Output Voltage 3. Due to the low bias current specifications. Consult factory for information.5 V to 7.0 3.3 5. a comparator and feedback resistive divider. Switch Drive Other voltages from 2.com 66 . to provide regulated output voltages using a minimum of external parts.0 3. a variable frequency modulation (VFM) controller. MC33463 Series Features: • Low Quiescent Bias Current of 4. specifically designed for handheld and laptop applications.5% • Low Startup Voltage of 0. A wide choice of output voltages are available. an oscillator. these devices are ideally suited for battery powered computer.5 V.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) CMOS Micropower DC–to–DC Converters Variable Frequency Micropower DC–to–DC Converter MC33463H TA = –30° to +80°C.0 3. SOT–89 The MC33463 series are micropower step–up switching voltage regulators. consumer.0 µA • High Output Voltage Accuracy of ±2. and industrial equipment where an extension of useful battery life is desirable.1 V increments are available.0 µA typical.0 mA • Wide Output Voltage Range of 2.9 V at 1. These devices feature a very low quiescent bias current of 4.5 V to 7. MC33463H–XXKT1 D L Vin Cin Drive VFM Controller 100 kHz Oscillator Vref 3 Lx VLx Limitier 2 Output CO Q VO Rb 3 EXT Cb Vin Cin L MC33463H–XXLT1 D 2 Drive VFM Controller 100 kHz Oscillator Vref Output VO CO 1 Gnd XX Denotes Output Voltage 1 Gnd http://onsemi. except that a drive pin (EXT) for an external transistor is provided. The MC33463H–XXKT1 series features a highly accurate voltage reference.

to provide regulated output voltages using a minimum of external parts. These devices feature a very low quiescent bias current of 15 µA typical. Switch Ext.0 3. a driver transistor (Lx). consumer.1 V increments are available.3 5.com 67 .0 3.5 V. an oscillator. The MC33466H–XXJT1 series features a highly accurate voltage reference. L MC33466H–XXJT1 D L Vin Cin 3 Lx VLx Limiter Drive PWM Controller 50 kHz Oscillator Phase Comp Soft–Start Vref 2 Output (Voltage Feedback) VO CO Vin Cin MC33466H–XXLT1 D 2 Rb 3 EXT Cb PWM Controller 50 kHz Oscillator Phase Comp Soft–Start Vref 1 Gnd Output (Voltage Feedback) VO CO Q Drive 1 Gnd XX Denotes Output Voltage http://onsemi. SOT–89 The MC33466 series are micropower switching voltage regulators. A wide choice of output voltages are available. and industrial equipment where an extension of useful battery life is desirable. in 0. Consult factory for information. a pulse width modulation (PWM) controller. The MC33466H–XXLT1 is identical to the MC33466H–XXJT1.5 V to 7.5% • Low Startup Voltage of 0. specifically designed for handheld and laptop applications. Switch Drive Di TA = –30° to +80°C 30° Operating Temperature Range Package (Tape/Reel) SOT–89 (Tape) SOT–89 (Tape) Other voltages from 2.0 Type Int. Due to the low bias current specifications.0 mA • Soft–Start = 500 µs • Surface Mount Package ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33466H–30JT1 MC33466H–33JT1 MC33466H–50JT1 MC33466H–30LT1 MC33466H–33LT1 MC33466H–50LT1 Output Voltage 3.3 5.0 3.SMPSRM CMOS Micropower DC–to–DC Converters (continued) Fixed Frequency PWM Micropower DC–to–DC Converter MC33466H TA = –30° to +80°C. MC33466 Series Features: • Low Quiescent Bias Current of 15 µA • High Output Voltage Accuracy of ±2. an error amplifier and feedback resistive divider.9 V at 1. these devices are ideally suited for battery powered computer. except that a drive pin (EXT) for an external transistor is provided.

specifically designed for Microprocessor supply. A 5–bit digital–to–analog converter defines the dc output voltage. to provide a high power regulated output voltage using a minimum of external parts. The first is a pair of high speed comparators which monitor the output voltage and expedite the circuit response to load current changes. consumer. The second feature is a soft start circuit which establishes a controlled response when input power is applied and when recovering from external circuit fault conditions.com 68 . SO–20L Package The MC33470 is a digitally programmable switching voltage regulator. This product has three additional features. This product is ideally suited for computer. Voltage Regulator Module and general purpose applications. The third feature is two output drivers which provide synchronous rectification for optimum efficiency. and industrial equipment where accuracy. efficiency and optimum regulation performance is desirable.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) Synchronous Rectification DC/DC Converter Programmable Integrated Controller MC33470 TA = 0° to +75°C. MC33470 Features: • 5–Bit Digital–to–Analog Converter Allows Digital Control of Output Voltage • High Speed Response to Transient Load Conditions • Output Enable Pin Provides On/Off Control • Programmable Soft Start Control • High Current Output Drives for Synchronous Rectification • Internally Trimmed Reference with Low Temperature Coefficient • Programmable Overcurrent Protection • Overvoltage Fault Indication • Functionally Similar to the LTC1553 ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33470DW Operating Temperature Range TA = 0° to +75°C Package SO–20L http://onsemi.

5 V PWM Comparator 90 µA En S R Q Q 190 µA Imax 2 PV CC 20 G1 9 SS Delay 8 Ifb 1 G2 3 PGnd 0.96 Vref Vref 800 µ 6 Sense 20 µA 13 Power Good PWM Latch + 1.04 Vref OTA Error Amp + 1.93 Vref 1.com 69 .04 Vref R + Q 0.14 Vref Delay S 14 Fault AGnd 4 Compensation 10 http://onsemi.5 V 10 µA + 11 Outen 19 VCC 5 Over Temp Digitally Programmed Reference Vref VCC Over Current Detect 2.SMPSRM Simplified Block Diagram OT 18 17 Voltage Identification 16 Code Input 15 14 VID0 VID1 VID2 VID3 VID4 7 Oscillator VCC 1.

75 to 40 V • Requires Only 4 External Components • 52 kHz Fixed Frequency Internal Oscillator • TTL Shutdown Capability.3 V 5.0 V 12 V 15 V For adjustable version R1 = open. R2 = 0 Ω R2 (Ω) 1.com 70 .84 k 11.23 to 37 V ±4% max over Line and Load Conditions • Guaranteed 0. and an adjustable output version. 12.3 V.1 k 8. Since the LM2574 converter is a switch–mode power supply.3. The output switch includes cycle–by–cycle current limiting. 12 V.5 A Output Current • Wide Input Voltage Range: 4. 15 V.235 V Band–Gap Reference http://onsemi. and ±10% on the oscillator frequency (±2% over 0°C to +125°C). All circuits of this series are capable of driving a 0.7 k 3. The LM2574 features include a guaranteed ±4% tolerance on output voltage within specified input voltages and output load conditions.0 k Sig Gnd 2 Driver Freq Shift 18 kHz 52 kHz Oscillator Latch Output 1. 12 V.e.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) Easy Switcher Single–Ended Controllers with On–Chip Power Switch Step–Down Voltage Regulators LM2574N–XX TJ = –40° to +125°C.3 k R1 1. its efficiency is significantly higher in comparison with popular three–terminal linear regulators. especially with higher input voltages. the power dissipated by the LM2574 regulator is so low. These devices are available in fixed output voltages of 3. External shutdown is included. 5. and ADJ for Adjustable Output Representative Block Diagram and Typical Application Unregulated DC Input Cin 1 Feedback R2 Fixed Gain Error Amplifier Comparator Current Limit +Vin 5 3. 1.0 Amp Switch Reset Thermal Shutdown 7 Pwr Gnd 4 D1 L1 Vout Cout Load 1. 5..3 V. 15 V. that the copper traces on the printed circuit board are normally the only heatsink needed and no additional heatsinking is required. Features • 3.1 V Internal Regulator ON/OFF ON/OFF 3 Output Voltage Versions 3. Low Power Standby Mode • High Efficiency • Uses Readily Available Standard Inductors • Thermal Shutdown and Current Limit Protection Applications • Simple and High–Efficiency Step–Down (Buck) Regulators • Efficient Pre–Regulator for Linear Regulators • On–Card Switching Regulators • Positive to Negative Converters (Buck–Boost) • Negative Step–Up Converters • Power Supply for Battery Chargers XX = Voltage Option. as well as thermal shutdown for full protection under fault conditions.0 V. Standard series of inductors optimized for use with the LM2574 are offered by several different inductor manufacturers. 5. DIP–8 The LM2574 series of regulators are monolithic integrated circuits ideally suited for easy and convenient design of a step–down switching regulator (buck converter).5 A load with excellent line and load regulation. In most cases. and Adjustable Output Versions • Adjustable Version Output Voltage Range. i. 15 V. featuring 60 µA (typical) standby current.0 V. 3. These regulators were designed to minimize the number of external components to simplify the power supply design.

as well as thermal shutdown for full protection under fault conditions. LM2576T–XX. 15 V. TV. In many cases. 5. 3. D2PAK 5 Leads The LM2575/6 series of regulators are monolithic integrated circuits ideally suited for easy and convenient design of a step–down switching regulator (buck converter). 12 V.3 V. 12 V. 15 V.1 k 8. These devices are available in fixed output voltages of 3. the power dissipated by the LM2575/6 regulator is so low. http://onsemi. All circuits of this series are capable of driving a 1.7 k 3.. and an adjustable output version. 12.1 V Internal Regulator ON/OFF ON/OFF 5 Output Voltage Versions 3.0 A (LM2575) or 3.235 V Band–Gap Reference This device contains 162 active transistors.3 V.3.e. featuring 80 µA typical standby current. and Adjustable Output Versions • Adjustable Version Output Voltage Range of 1. and ADJ for Adjustable Output Representative Block Diagram and Typical Application Unregulated DC Input Cin 4 Feedback R2 Fixed Gain Error Amplifier Comparator Current Limit +Vin 1 3. its efficiency is significantly higher in comparison with popular three–terminal linear regulators. 5.com 71 .0 A (LM2576) load with excellent line and load regulation. External shutdown is included. 5. These regulators were designed to minimize the number of external components to simplify the power supply design. and ±10% on the oscillator frequency (±2% over 0°C to 125°C).0 A (LM2575) 3. especially with higher input voltages. that no heatsink is required or its size could be reduced dramatically. The LM2575/6 features include a guaranteed ±4% tolerance on output voltage within specified input voltages and output load conditions.0 Amp Switch Reset Thermal Shutdown 2 Gnd 3 D1 L1 Regulated Output Vout Cout Load 1. Since the LM2575/6 converter is a switch–mode power supply. The output switch includes cycle–by–cycle current limiting. TV.0 k Driver Freq Shift 18 kHz 52 kHz Oscillator Latch Output 1. Standard series of inductors optimised for use with the LM2575/6 are offered by several different inductor manufacturers. 15 V.0 V. D2T. Low Power Standby Mode • High Efficiency • Uses Readily Available Standard Inductors • Thermal Shutdown and Current Limit Protection Applications • Simple and High–Efficiency Step–Down (Buck) Regulators • Efficient Pre–Regulator for Linear Regulators • On–Card Switching Regulators • Positive to Negative Converters (Buck–Boost) • Negative Step–Up Converters • Power Supply for Battery Chargers XX = Voltage Option.3 k R1 1. D2T TJ = –40° to +125°C.3 V 5.84 k 11.0 V.0 A (LM2576) Output Current • Wide Input Voltage Range: 4.SMPSRM Step–Down Voltage Regulators (continued) LM2575T–XX.75 V to 40 V • Requires Only 4 External Components • 52 kHz Fixed Frequency Internal Oscillator • TTL Shutdown Capability. R2 = 0 Ω R2 (Ω) 1. i. Features • 3.23 V to 37 V ±4% Maximum Over Line and Load Conditions • Guaranteed 1.0 V 12 V 15 V For adjustable version R1 = open. TO–220 5 Leads.

. These high performance controllers are optimized for off–line. . . They also have undervoltage lockout voltages which are optimized for off–line and lower voltage dc–to–dc converters. 76 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi.com 72 . Applications include desktop computers. . . . peripherals. . .SMPSRM Off–line SMPS Controllers In Brief . . . respectively. and various consumer appliances. . ac–to–dc power supplies and dc–to–dc converters in the flyback topology. . . . . . . . televisions. Page Off–line SMPS Controllers . . . games. . . . . . . . . . 73 Special Switching Regulator Controllers . . . .

0 ± 2. half bridge and full bridge configurations. These circuits operate in voltage. current or resonant modes and are designed to drive many of the standard switching topologies. They are cost effective in applications that range from 0.com 73 .SMPSRM Off–line SMPS Controllers These devices contain the primary building blocks which are required to implement a variety of switching power supplies.0% 5.5 to 30 5.5% Device MC34060A MC33060A TA (°C) 0 to +70 –40 to +85 Package SO–14 DIP–14 SO–14 DIP–14 1000 (Totem Pole MOSFET Drive Out ut) Output) 11. Single–Ended Controllers These single–ended voltage and current mode controllers are designed for use in buck.0% 500 UC3842A UC2842A UC3843A UC2843A 0 to +70 –25 to +85 0 to +70 –25 to +85 0 to +70 –25 to +85 0 to +70 –25 to +85 0 to +70 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 DIP–8 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 11. Table 3.5 to 30 11 to 30 8.1 to 200 W power output.0% 5. plus single–ended ICs with on–chip power switch transistors.0 ± 1. The double–ended devices control push–pull.2 to 30 Current 5. flyback and forward converters.0% 5.5 to 30 11 to 30 8. boost. and forward converters.0% 500 (Improved (I d Oscillator Specifications with Frequency q y Guaranteed at 250 kHz) UC3842B UC3842BV –40 to +105 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 http://onsemi.0% 5.0 ± 1.0% 500 (50% Duty Cycle Limit) UC3844 UC2844 UC3845 UC2845 11. flyback. The product offerings fall into three major categories consisting of single–ended and double–ended controllers.2 to 30 5.0% 5.0 ± 1.0 ± 2.0 ± 2. Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 7.0 ± 1.0 to 40 Maximum Useful Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 200 IO (mA) Max 500 (Uncommitted Drive Output) Operating Mode Voltage Reference (V) 5. boost.0% 5.0 ± 2.0 ± 2.0 ± 1. The single–ended configurations include buck.

0% UC3843B 0 to +70 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 UC3843BV –40 to +105 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 5.0% UC2845B –25 to +85 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 1000 Source 1500 Sink (Split Totem Pole Bipolar Drive Output) 2000 (Totem P l (T Pole MOSFET Drive Output) 11 to 18 5.0 ± 2.SMPSRM Table 3.0% UC2843B –25 to +85 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 11.0% UC2844B –25 to +85 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 8.0 ± 1.0% MC44602 DIP–16 9.0 ± 1.1 to 200 W power output.0% 1000 MC34023P 0 to +70 DIP–16 MC33023DW –40 to +105 SO–16L http://onsemi.com 74 .2 to 30 5. and forward converters. flyback.0 ± 2.0 ± 1. Single–Ended Controllers (continued) These single–ended voltage and current mode controllers are designed for use in buck.0 ± 6.0 ± 2. boost.2 to 30 Current or Voltage 5.0% UC3845B 0 to +70 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 UC3845BV –40 to +105 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 5.1 ± 1.0 ± 1.0% Device UC2842B TA (°C) –25 to +85 Package SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 8. They are cost effective in applications that range from 0. Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 11 to 30 Maximum Useful Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 500 (Improved Oscillator Specifications S ecifications with Frequency Guaranteed a 50 at 250 kHz) ) IO (mA) Max 1000 (Totem Pole MOSFET Drive Out ut) Output) Operating Mode Current Reference (V) 5.0% 500 (50% Duty Cycle Limit) UC3844B 0 to +70 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 UC3844BV –40 to +105 SO–14 SO–8 DIP–8 11 to 30 5.5 to 30 5.2 to 30 5.

com 75 .0% 400 SG3525A 0 to +70 5.0% SG3526 0 to +125(2) DIP–18 9. (2) Junction Temperature Range.1 ± 1.0 to 40 5. current and resonant mode controllers are designed for use in push–pull.0% 1000 MC34066 MC33066 0 to +70 –40 to +85 DIP–16 SO–16L DIP–16 2000 MC34067 0 to +70 SO–16L DIP–16 MC33067 –40 to +85 SO–16L DIP–16 2000 (Totem P l (T Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) 9. Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 7.0 ± 2. They are cost effective in applications that range from 100 to 2000 watts power output. and full–bridge converters.2 to 30 Current or Voltage 5.0%(1) Device TL494 TA (°C) 0 to +70 –25 to +85 Package DIP–16 DIP–16 DIP–16 DIP–16 DIP–16 5.0 to 40 Maximum Useful Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 200 IO (mA) Max 500 (Uncommitted (U i d Out uts) Drive Outputs) Operating Mode Voltage Reference (V) 5.0 ± 1.5% 300 TL594 0 to +70 –25 to +85 ± 500 (Totem Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) ± 200 (Totem Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) ±1500 (Totem P l (T Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) 8.1 ± 2.1 ± 2. http://onsemi.SMPSRM Table 4.0% 1000 MC34025 0 to +70 SO–16L DIP–16 MC33025 –40 to +105 SO–16L (1) Tolerance applies over the specified operating temperature range. half–bridge. Double–Ended Controllers These double–ended voltage.0 ± 5.6 to 20 Resonant (Zero (Z Current) Resonant (Zero (Z Voltage) 5.

games. Fixed Frequency S Voltage Mode S S S S Adjustable up to 300 kHz DIP–16 SO–16WB 25 to +125°C * * * * MC33363A Yes 700 V 1A 7. Power Switch MOSFET Integrated Max Output Power @ V in = 92V to 265 VAC RDS(on) (typ.5 Ω 14W Adjustable up to 300 kHz DIP–16 SO–16WB 25 to +125°C MC33363B Yes Yes 700 V 1A 15 Ω 8W Adjustable up to 300 kHz DIP–16 SO–16WB 25 to +125°C MC33365 Yes Yes 700 V 1A 15 Ω 8W Adjustable up to 300 kHz DIP–16 25 to +125°C MC33369 Yes Yes 700 V 0. Fixed Frequency S Voltage Mode PWM.4 Ω 20W Active On–Chip 250 V FET Active On–Chip 500 V FET Active On–Chip 450 V FET Active On–Chip 450 V FET PWM. Maximum Useful Oscillator Frequency (kHz) 500 Table 5. @ T = 25 °C) J Rectified 85 to 276 VAC Line Temperature Range Oscillator Frequency Additional Features Bulk Capacitor Voltage Sensing Capability to Sense an AC Line Brown–Out Programmable State Controller for Converter Max Drain Voltage Start–Up Package Control Scheme Peak Current Device MC33362 ONLY 110 V Opera– tion Yes Yes 500 V 2A 4. respectively.4 to 20 MC33065 –40 to +85 SO–16L DIP–16 Table 6. and various consumer appliances.5A 12 Ω 12W Active On–Chip 700 V FET PWM.0 ± 2.SMPSRM Special Switching Regulator Controllers These high performance dual channel controllers are optimized for off–line.6% Device MC33065 TA (°C) –40 to +85 Package SO–16L DIP–16 8. televisions. Included are an on–chip high voltage power switch. Fixed Frequency S Fixed @ 100 kHz DIP–8 TO–220 5 25 to +125°C * http://onsemi.com 76 . peripherals. Applications include desktop computers. Fixed Frequency S Voltage Mode PWM. Fixed Frequency S Voltage Mode PWM. ac–to–dc power supplies and dc–to–dc converters in the flyback topology. Dual Channel Controllers IO (mA) Max ±1000 (Totem P l (T Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 11 to 20 Operating Mode Current Reference (V) 5. active off–line startup circuitry and a full featured PWM controller with fault protection. Very High Voltage Single–Ended Controller with On–Chip Power Switch This monolithic high voltage switching regulator is specifically designed to operate from a rectified ac line voltage source. They also have undervoltage lockout voltages which are optimized for off–line and lower voltage dc–to–dc converters.

Fixed Frequency PWM.8 Ω 60W Fixed @ 100 kHz DIP–8 TO–220 5 25 to +125°C MC33373 Yes Yes 700 V 2.7A 3.9A 12 Ω 25W Active On–Chip 700 V FET Active On–Chip 700 V FET Active On–Chip 700 V FET Active On–Chip 700 V FET Active On–Chip 700 V FET PWM.8 Ω 45W Fixed @ 100 kHz DIP–8 TO–220 5 25 to +125°C MC33372 Yes Yes 700 V 2A 4.0 Ω 90W Fixed @ 100 kHz DIP–8 TO–220 5 25 to +125°C http://onsemi.5A 6. Fixed Frequency PWM.3A 3.SMPSRM Power Switch MOSFET Integrated Max Output Power @ V in = 92V to 265 VAC RDS(on) (typ. @ T = 25 °C) J Rectified 85 to 276 VAC Line Temperature Range Oscillator Frequency MC33370 Yes Yes 700 V 0. Fixed Frequency PWM. Fixed Frequency PWM. Fixed Frequency S S S S S Fixed @ 100 kHz DIP–8 TO–220 5 25 to +125°C * * * * * Programmable State Controller for Converter Programmable State Controller for Converter Programmable State Controller for Converter Programmable State Controller for Converter Programmable State Controller for Converter MC33371 Yes Yes 700 V 1.8 Ω 75W Fixed @ 100 kHz DIP–8 TO–220 5 25 to +125°C MC33374 Yes Yes 700 V 3.com 77 Additional Features Max Drain Voltage Start–Up Package Control Scheme Peak Current Device .

Current or Voltage Mode Controller • • • • • • • • Operation Up to 250 kHz Output Switching Frequency Inherent Feed Forward Compensation Latching PWM for Cycle–by–Cycle Current Limiting Oscillator with Precise Frequency Control Externally Programmable Reference Current Secondary or Primary Sensing High Current Totem Pole Output Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis High Flexibility http://onsemi. In addition. Its advanced design allows use in current mode or voltage mode control applications. or shorted. Standby Mode MC44603AP. It is optimized to operate in discontinuous mode but can also operate in continuous mode. a standby mode when the converter output is slightly loaded. Current or Voltage Mode Controller High Flexibility • • • • • Externally Programmable Reference Current Secondary or Primary Sensing Synchronization Facility High Current Totem Pole Output Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis Safety/Protection Features • Overvoltage Protection Against Open Current and Open Voltage Loop • Protection Against Short Circuit on Oscillator Pin • Fully Programmable Foldback • Soft–Start Feature • Accurate Maximum Duty Cycle Setting • Demagnetization (Zero Current Detection) Protection • Internally Trimmed Reference • Enhanced Output Drive GreenLine Controller: Low Power Consumption in Standby Mode • • • • Operation up to 250 kHz Output Switching Frequency Inherent Feed Forward Compensation Latching PWM for Cycle–by–Cycle Current Limiting Oscillator with Precise Frequency Control • • • • Low Startup and Operating Current Fully Programmable Standby Mode Controlled Frequency Reduction in Standby Mode Low dV/dT for Low EMI Radiations High Safety Standby Ladder Mode GreenLine PWM Controller MC44604P TA = –25° to +85°C. The MC44603A has several distinguishing features when compared to conventional SMPS controllers. overvoltage detection. a demagnetization detection for reduced switching stresses on transistor and diodes. SO–16L The MC44603A is an enhanced high performance controller that is specifically designed for off–line and dc–to–dc converter applications. It can also be used for driving a bipolar transistor in low power converters (< 150 W). The MC44604 offers enhanced safety and reliable power management in its protection features (foldback.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) Single–Ended GreenLine Controllers Enhanced Mixed Frequency Mode GreenLine PWM Controller: Fixed Frequency. This device has the unique ability of automatically changing operating modes if the converter output is overloaded. offering the designer additional protection for increased system reliability. These features consist of a foldback facility for overload protection. soft–start.com 78 . unloaded. DIP–16. Variable Frequency. DIP–16 The MC44604 is an enhanced high performance controller that is specifically designed for off–line and dc–to–dc converter applications. The MC44604 is a modification of the MC44603. accurate demagnetization detection). Its high current totem pole output is also ideally suited for driving a power MOSFET but can also be used for driving a bipolar transistor in low power converters (< 150 W). and a high current totem pole output ideally suited for driving a power MOSFET. DW TA = –25° to +85°C. the MC44604 offers a new efficient way to reduce the standby operating power by means of a patented standby ladder mode operation of the converter significantly reducing the converter consumption in standby mode.

Winding Short Circuit (WSCD).D. excessive input power (M.com 79 . The MC44605 has several distinguishing features that make it particularly suitable for multisynchronized monitor applications.S. DIP–16 The MC44605 is a high performance current mode controller that is specifically designed for off–line converters.) • Limitation of the Maximum Input Power (M.L. the circuit gets definitively disabled. This product was optimized to operate with universal ac mains voltage from 80 V to 280 V. The latch can only be reset by removing and then re–applying power http://onsemi.OVP): Protection Against Excessive Amplitude Synchronization Pulses • Winding Short Circuit Detection (W.T. The MC44605 synchronization arrangement enables operation from 16 kHz up to 130 kHz. Current or Voltage Mode Controller • • • • High Current Totem Pole Output Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis Low Output dV/dT for Low EMI Low Startup and Operating Current Safety/Protection Features • Current Mode Operation Up to 250 kHz Output Switching Frequency • Inherent Feed Forward Compensation • Latching PWM for Cycle–by–Cycle Current Limiting • Oscillator with Precise Frequency Control • Externally Programmable Reference Current • Secondary or Primary Sensing (Availability of Error Amplifier Output) • Synchronization Facility • Soft–Start Feature • Demagnetization (Zero Current Detection) Protection • Overvoltage Protection Facility Against Open Loop • EHT Overvoltage Protection (E.): Calculation of Input Power for Overload Protection • Over Heating Detection (O. power switch over heating (O. a counter is activated • If the counter is activated for a time that is long enough. and its high current totem pole output makes it ideally suited for driving a power MOSFET.).H.H.D.P.D.P.L. safe power management.): to Prevent the Power Switch from Excessive Heating Latched Disabling Mode • When one of the following faults is detected: EHT overvoltage.H.). Safety enhancements detect four different fault conditions and provide protection through a disabling latch.SMPSRM Single–Ended GreenLine Controllers (continued) High Safety Standby Ladder Mode GreenLine PWM Controller (continued) Safety/Protection Features • • • • • • • Internally Trimmed Reference GreenLine Controller: Overvoltage Protection Facility Against Open Loop Protection Against Short Circuit on Oscillator Pin Fully Programmable Foldback Soft–Start Feature Accurate Maximum Duty Cycle Setting Demagnetization (Zero Current Detection) Protection • Low Startup and Operating Current • Patented Standby Ladder Mode for Low Standby Losses • Low dV/dT for Low EMI High Safety Latched Mode GreenLine PWM Controller for (Multi)Synchronized Applications MC44605P TA = –25° to +85°C.C. The MC44605 protections provide well controlled.

75. This high voltage circuit that integrates the start–up current source and the oscillator capacitor. This technique enables the reduction of the stand–by power consumption to approximately 1W while delivering 300mW in a 150W SMPS. The device also features a very high efficiency stand–by management consisting of an effective Pulsed Mode operation.com 80 . • • • • Integrated Start–Up Current Source Lossless Off–Line Start–Up Direct Off–Line Operation Fast Start–Up • Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis • On Chip Oscillator Switching Frequency 40. requires few external components while offering a high flexibility and reliability.SMPSRM Few External Components Reliable and Flexible GreenLine Very High Voltage PWM Controller MC44608 TA = –25° to +85°C. or 100kHz • Secondary control with Few External Components Protections • Maximum Duty Cycle Limitation • Cycle by Cycle Current Limitation • Demagnetization (Zero Current Detection) Protection • “Over VCC Protection” Against Open Loop • Programmable Low Inertia Over Voltage Protection against open loop • Internal Thermal Protection GreenLine Controller General Features • Flexibility • Duty Cycle Control • Pulsed Mode Techniques for a Very High Efficiency Low Power Mode • Lossless Startup • Low dV/dT for Low EMI Radiations ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC44608P40 MC44608P75 MC44608P100 Operating Temperature Range Package Plastic Pl ti DIP 8 DIP–8 TJ = –25° to +85°C http://onsemi. DIP–8 The MC44608 is a high performance voltage mode controller designed for off–line converters.

com 81 .SMPSRM Representative Block Diagram Demag 1 DMG + – 50 mV /20 mV UVLO2 >24 mA >120 m A 10 mA Vi 8 Start–up Source Latched off Phase Demag Logic Output Start–up Phase 200 m A Switching Phase 0 & Stand–by Latched Phase Start–up Phase 2 mS & OSC Enable Stand–by Management OC NOC Leading Edge Blanking Output + CS – 1V 10 kHz Filter OSC Start–up Phase Switching Phase OVP UVLO1 UVLO2 OUT Disable DMG Thermal S Shutdown PWM Latch R Q Buffer V CC Management 6 V CC 1 S1 Clock & PWM 5 Driver 4 GND + – & & VPWM Latched off Phase & Stand–by S2 S3 Regulation Block Switching Phase 2 Isense 3 Control Input http://onsemi.

and a trimmed internal bandgap reference. SOP–16L The MC33362 is a monolithic high voltage switching regulator that is specifically designed to operate from a rectified 120 VAC line source. 250 V active off–line startup FET. This device is available in a 16–lead dual–in–line and wide body surface mount packages. and thermal shutdown. • On–Chip 500 V.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) Very High Voltage Switching Regulator MC33362DW. This integrated circuit features an on–chip 500 V/2. 5. output overvoltage protection. 13 http://onsemi. Protective features include cycle–by–cycle current limiting. duty cycle controlled oscillator.0 A SenseFET power switch. latching pulse width modulator for double pulse suppression. 2. DIP–16. P TJ = –25° to +125°C.0 A SenseFET Power Switch • Rectified 120 VAC Line Source Operation • On–Chip 250 V Active Off–Line Startup FET • Latching PWM for Double Pulse Suppression • Cycle–By–Cycle Current Limiting • Input Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis • Output Overvoltage Protection Comparator • Trimmed Internal Bandgap Reference • Internal Thermal Shutdown 20 W Off–Line Converter AC Input Startup Input 1 Regulator Output 8 Mirror Reg Startup VCC 3 UVLO Overvoltage Protection Input DC Output 6 RT CT Osc 7 PWM Latch S Q PWM R LEB Compensation 9 Driver OVP 11 16 Power Switch Drain Ipk Thermal EA 10 Voltage Feedback Input Gnd 4. high gain error amplifier. 12. input undervoltage lockout with hysteresis. current limiting comparator with a programmable threshold and leading edge blanking.com 82 .

latching pulse width modulator for double pulse suppression. 550 V active off–line startup FET.com 83 . output overvoltage protection. 1. current limiting comparator with a programmable threshold and leading edge blanking.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) Very High Voltage Switching Regulator MC33363ADW. duty cycle controlled oscillator. 12. Protective features include cycle–by–cycle current limiting. DIP–16. SOP–16L The MC33363A is a monolithic high voltage switching regulator that is specifically designed to operate from a rectified 240 Vac line source.5 A SenseFET power switch. 13 http://onsemi. This device is available in a 16–lead dual–in–line and wide body surface mount packages. high gain error amplifier. 5.5 A SenseFET Power Switch • Rectified 240 Vac Line Source Operation • On–Chip 500 V Active Off–Line Startup FET • Latching PWM for Double Pulse Suppression • Cycle–By–Cycle Current Limiting • Input Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis • Output Overvoltage Protection Comparator • Trimmed Internal Bandgap Reference • Internal Thermal Shutdown AC Input Startup Input 1 Regulator Output 8 Mirror Reg Startup VCC 3 UVLO DC Output 6 RT PWM Latch CT Osc 7 S Q PWM R LEB Driver OVP Overvoltage Protection Input 11 16 Power Switch Drain Ipk Thermal Compensation 9 EA 10 Voltage Feedback Input Gnd 4. input undervoltage lockout with hysteresis. and thermal shutdown. This integrated circuit features an on–chip 700 V/1. • On–Chip 700 V. and a trimmed internal bandgap reference. AP TJ = –25° to +125°C.

This integrated circuit features an on–chip 700 V/1. 450 V active off–line startup FET.0 A SenseFET power switch. input undervoltage lockout with hysteresis. 13 http://onsemi.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) High Voltage Switching Regulator MC33363B TJ = –25° to +125°C The MC33363B is a monolithic high voltage switching regulator that is specifically designed to operate from a rectified 240 Vac line source. and thermal shutdown. current limiting comparator with a programmable threshold and leading edge blanking. 5. 12. 1. duty cycle controlled oscillator. high gain error amplifier. • On–Chip 700 V.com 84 . overvoltage protection. latching pulse width modulator for double pulse suppression.0 A SenseFET Power Switch • Rectified 240 Vac Line Source Operation • On–Chip 450 V Active Off–Line Startup FET • Latching PWM for Double Pulse Suppression • Cycle–By–Cycle Current Limiting • Input Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis • Output Overvoltage Protection • Trimmed Internal Bandgap Reference • Internal Thermal Shutdown ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33363BDW MC33363BP Operating Temperature Range TJ = –25° to +125°C 25° Package SOP–16L DIP–16 Simplified Application AC Input Startup Input Regulator Output 8 6 RT CT Osc 7 PWM Latch S Q PWM R Ipk Thermal LEB Compensation 9 EA 10 Voltage Feedback Input Driver OVP Startup Reg UVLO VCC 3 Overvoltage Protection Input 11 16 Power Switch Drain DC Output 1 Mirror Gnd 4. This device is available in a 16–lead dual–in–line and wide body surface mount packages. Protective features include cycle–by–cycle current limiting. and a trimmed internal bandgap reference.

D2 TJ = –25° to +125°C. It has an internal 126 kHz frequency clamp which is pinned out. and cycle–by–cycle current limiting. UVLO function. a watchdog timer to initiate output switching. The MC33364D1 is available in a surface mount SO–8 package. high density power supplies requiring minimum board area. a current sensing comparator. SO–16 The MC33364 series are variable frequency SMPS controllers that operate in the critical conduction mode. Protection features include the ability to shut down switching. The MC33364D2 is available in the SO–8 package without an internal frequency clamp. Each narrow body SOIC package provides a small footprint. leading edge blanking. the frequency clamp limits the maximum operating frequency. so that the designer can adjust the clamp frequency by connecting appropriate values of resistance and capacitance. • Lossless Off–Line Startup • Leading Edge Blanking for Noise Immunity • Watchdog Timer to Initiate Switching • Minimum Number of Support Components • Shutdown Capability • Over Temperature Protection • Optional Frequency Clamp Line Restart Delay PWM Comparator FB Current Sense Leading Edge Blanking Zero Current Detector S R R Q Vref UVLO Bandgap Reference Vref Gnd Watchdog Timer Gate Thermal Shutdown Frequency Clamp Optional Frequency Clamp VCC VCC UVLO ZC Det http://onsemi.com 85 . D1.7 W of power compared to resistor bootstrapped circuits. preventing excessive switching losses and EMI radiation. and a CMOS driver. Integration of the high voltage startup saves approximately 0. They are optimized for low power. It has an internal 126 kHz frequency clamp. a zero current detector to ensure critical conduction operation.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) Critical Conduction SMPS Controller MC33364D. and low power dissipation. SO–8. Each MC33364 features an on–board reference. For loads which have a low power operating condition. reduced component count. The MC33364D is available in the SO–16 package.

This integrated circuit features an on–chip 700 V/1. This device is available in a 16–lead dual–in–line package.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) High Voltage Switching Regulator MC33365 TJ = –25° to +125°C. latching pulse width modulator for double pulse suppression. 5. bulk capacitor voltage sensing. 450 V active off–line startup FET. DIP–16 The MC33365 is a monolithic high voltage switching regulator that is specifically designed to operate from a rectified 240 Vac line source. and a trimmed internal bandgap reference. • On–Chip 700 V. and thermal shutdown. input undervoltage lockout with hysteresis.com 86 . 12. 13 http://onsemi. current limiting comparator with a programmable threshold and leading edge blanking.0 A SenseFET power switch.0 A SenseFET Power Switch • Rectified 240 Vac Line Source Operation • On–Chip 450 V Active Off–Line Startup FET • Latching PWM for Double Pulse Suppression • Cycle–By–Cycle Current Limiting • Input Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis • Bulk Capacitor Voltage Comparator • Trimmed Internal Bandgap Reference • Internal Thermal Shutdown ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33365P Operating Temperature Range TJ = –25° to +125°C Package DIP–16 Simplified Application AC Input Startup Input Regulator Output 8 6 RT CT Osc 7 PWM Latch S Q PWM R Ipk Thermal LEB Compensation 9 EA 10 Voltage Feedback Input Driver BOK Startup Reg UVLO BOK 11 16 Power Switch Drain VCC 3 DC Output 1 Mirror Gnd 4. Protective features include cycle–by–cycle current limiting. high gain error amplifier. 1. duty cycle controlled oscillator.

allowing a simple and economical power system solution for office automation.8 4.0 2. State Control Input 4 Power MOSFET Switch On/Off Ground 3 http://onsemi. current limiting comparator with leading edge blanking. and in excess of 90 W with a variable AC input that ranges from 85 V to 265 V.9 1.SMPSRM Switching Regulator Control Circuits (continued) High Voltage Power Switching Regulator MC33370T. auto restart logic.5 2.8 Peak Package Current (A) 0.0 12 6. These devices are available in economical five pin TO–220 style packages.0 12 12 12 6.3 0. fixed frequency duty cycle controlled oscillator.5 0. consumer.8 3.8 3.5 2.7 3.9 1. MC33374T TJ = –40°C to +150°C. MC33371T. 115 V. MC33373T.5 2. and a high gain error amplifier with a bandgap reference for primary or secondary side regulation.7 3. MC33372T.0 2.0 2. an on–chip 700 V SENSEFET power switch.com 87 . TO–220 The MC33370 series are monolithic high voltage power switching regulators that combine the required converter functions with a unique programmable state controller.9 1.8 4. These devices are designed to operate directly from a rectified AC line source. latching pulse width modulator for double pulse suppression.8 3. Protective features include cycle–by–cycle current limiting.8 3.3 0. • Programmable State Controller • On–Chip 700 V SENSEFET Power Switch • Rectified AC Line Source Operation from 85 V to 265 V • On–Chip 700 V Active Off–Line Start–Up FET Typical Application + AC Input Snubber + + • • • • • Latching PWM for Double Pulse Suppression Cycle–By–Cycle Current Limiting Input Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis Non–Latching Internal Thermal Shutdown Enhanced Functionality Over TOP200 and TOP221 Series ORDERING INFORMATION Power Switch Device On Resistance (Ω) 12 6.8 4. and industrial products. and in flyback converter applications are capable of providing an output power in excess of 150 W with a fixed AC input of 100 V.7 DIP–8 Vertical Mount Straight Lead MC33370T MC33371T MC33372T MC33373T MC33374T MC33370TV MC33371TV MC33372TV MC33373TV MC33374TV MC33369T/TV MC33369AP MC33370P MC33371P MC33372P + MC33373AP DC Output 5 VCC 1 Programmable State Controller Feedback Input 2 + Pulse Width Modulator Controller Istart Power Switch Drain – This device contains 391 active transistors. input undervoltage lockout with hysteresis.8 3. 700 V active off–line startup FET. or 230 V. This device series features a programmable state controller. and a non–latching thermal shutdown.5 0.

they are able to function in a traditional way (constant output voltage regulation level). . . the solution system cost is significantly lowered. . . . . . . . . . Ultimately. . . . . . 89 GreenLine Power Factor Controller . . . They can be synchronized and feature very effective protection to ensure a safe and reliable operation. . .SMPSRM Power Factor Controllers In Brief . These devices are designed to work in free frequency critical conduction mode. This flexibility makes them ideal to optimally cope with a wide range of applications. . . . . . . . . .com 88 . . . . They also optimized to offer extremely compact and cost–effective PFC solutions. . Also. The portfolio offers products that can propose a free output voltage level mode (follower boost technique) that enables a drastic size reduction of both the inductor and the power Mosfet. 92 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. Page Power Factor Controllers . and any intermediary solutions can be easily implemented. The new PFC’s are developed to control Power Factor Correction pre–converters meeting IEC1000–3–2 standard requirements in electronic ballast and off–line power conversion applications. . . .

0 to 16 500 5.4% Features Undervoltage Lockout. Internal Startup I lS Timer Overvoltage C Comparator.5 ± 1. Lockout Internal Startup Timer Device MC34261 MC33261 TA (°C) 0 to +70 –40 to +85 Package DIP–8 SO–8 DIP–8 MC34262 0 to +85 SO–8 DIP–8 MC33262 –40 to +105 SO–8 DIP–8 1500 (CMOS Totem Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) 9.5% Off–Line High Voltage Startup Overvoltage Com arator.SMPSRM Table 7.com 89 . Undervoltage Lockout. Power Factor Controllers IO (mA) Max ± 500 (Totem P l (T Pole MOSFET Drive Outputs) Minimum Operating Voltage Range (V) 9. Low Load Detect MC33368 –25 to +125 SO–16 DIP–16 http://onsemi.0 ± 1. Timer.0 to 30 Maximum Startup Start p Voltage (V) 30 Reference (V) 2. Comparator Undervoltage Lockout.

68 Error Amp Vref 10 10 36 V 6. and a totem pole output ideally suited for driving a power MOSFET. These integrated circuits feature an internal startup timer for stand alone applications. MC33262 series are active power factor controllers specifically designed for use as a preconverter in electronic ballast and in off–line power converter applications.6 M 10 k http://onsemi. current sensing comparator.5 V Reference UVLO 14 V 16 V Drive Output RS Latch 1.01 12 k Quickstart 0.com 90 . a one quadrant multiplier for near unity power factor. SO–8 The MC34262. SO–8 MC33262D. multiplier output clamp that limits maximum peak switch current. and a drive output high state clamp for MOSFET gate protection. DIP–8. Also included are protective features consisting of an overvoltage comparator to eliminate runaway output voltage due to load removal. These devices are available in dual–in–line and surface mount plastic packages. P TA = 0° to +85°C.5 V Overvoltage Comparator 1. input undervoltage lockout with hysteresis.44 A Timer R Delay MTP 14N50E 330 20 k 10 pF 0. transconductance error amplifier. cycle–by–cycle current limiting. 1 MC34262 Zero Current Detector 1.2 V 1.3 M Current Sense Comparator 1.08 Vref 10 µA Multiplier 0.7 V 100 k 1N4934 100 22 k 85 to 265 Vac RFI Filter T MUR460 VO 400 V/ 0.1 1.6 V 2. an RS latch for single pulse metering. trimmed internal bandgap reference. zero current detector to ensure critical conduction operation. quickstart circuit for enhanced startup.SMPSRM Power Factor Controllers MC34262D. DIP–8. P TA = –40° to +105°C.

reduced component count.0 13/8. Protection features include an output overvoltage comparator to minimize overshoot.3 M Quickstart Leading Edge Blanking Mult 5 R3 10.0 V reference. Integration of the high voltage startup saves approximately 0.0 ing comparator. and cycle–by–cycle current limiting. high density power supplies requiring minimum board area. SO–16 The MC33368 is an active power factor controller that functions as a boost preconverter in off–line power supply applications. The MC33368 also includes a programmable output switching frequency clamp. a transconductance error amplifier. DIP–16.1 Vref C3 330 MTW20N50E R2 820 k 1N4744 VCC D8 12 1N4934 RS Latch R R S S Q S Set Dominant Overvoltage Comparator 7 15 V ZCD R4 22 k Gate 11 R5 1. a zero current detector to ensure critical conduction operation. and a CMOS driver for driving MOSFETs.001 R10 10 k C7 470 pF R9 10 R7 0. The MC33368 features a watchdog timer to initiate output switching.7 W of power compared to resistor bootstrapped circuits.0 1.5 V R13 51 D6 C4 100 T MUR460 D5 Q1 R11 10 PGnd 10 Low Load Detect 1.1 Vref 5. a restart delay timer. a one quadrant multiplier to force the line current to follow the instantaneous line voltage.0 M RD C9 330 µF 2 AGnd 8 1. MC33368 is optimized for low power.2/1.SMPSRM Power Factor Controllers (continued) MC33368D.com 91 . The narrow body SOIC package provides a small footprint.5 V Q Timer R Vref Line MC33368 15 V UVLO Zero Current Detect 1. an undervoltage lockout (UVLO) circuit which monitors the VCC supply voltage.5 k C2 0. • Lossless Off–Line Startup • Output Overvoltage Comparator • Leading Edge Blanking (LEB) for Noise Immunity • Watchdog Timer to Initiate Switching • Restart Delay Timer D2 92 to 270 Vac EMI Filter D1 16 Vref R8 1. a current sens1N5406 D4 D3 C5 1.01 Multiplier 4 Comp C1 1.0 1 Vref C6 0.0 V Reference 3 FB R1 10 k http://onsemi. a 5. and low power dissipation.08 x Vref Frequency Clamp 13 FC 9 LEB 6 CS C8 0. P TJ = –25° to +125°C.

This flexibility makes it ideal to optimally cope with a wide range of applications. General Features • “Free Level’’ or Traditional Constant Output Level Mode • Switch Mode Operation: Voltage Mode • Latching PWM for Cycle–by–Cycle On–Time Control • Totem Pole Gate Drive • Undervoltage Lockout with Hysteresis • Low Start–up and Operating Current • Improved Regulation Block Dynamic Behaviour • Synchronization Facility • Internally Trimmed Reference Current Source Safety/Protection Features • Overvoltage Protection: Output Overvoltage Detection • Undervoltage Protection: Protection Against Open Loop • Accurate Demagnetization (Zero Current Detection) Protection • Precise and Adjustable Maximum On–Time Limitation • Over Current Protection ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33260P Temperature Range –40° to +105°C Package Plastic DIP–8 Typical Application D1 . LLC (SCILLC) http://onsemi.) GreenLine is a trademark of Semiconductor Components Industries. it features very effective protections to ensure a safe and reliable operation. the solution system cost is significantly lowered. Designed to work in free frequency critical conduction mode.com 92 . . Ultimately. the MC33260 also proposes a free output voltage level mode (follower boost technique) that enables a drastic size reduction of both the inductor and the power mosfet. while requiring a minimum number of external components. This circuit is also optimized to offer extremely compact and cost–effective PFC solutions. .SMPSRM GreenLine Power Factor Controller MC33260P The MC33260 is developed to control Power Factor Correction preconverters meeting IEC1000–3–2 standard requirements in electronic ballast and off–line power conversion applications. In effect. D4 1 µF D1 1 2 Vcontrol 3 Rcs 4 CT Rs 8 Vcc + Q1 C1 Ro MC33260 7 6 5 sync Load (SMPS. . . . any intermediary solutions can be easily implemented. Lamp Ballast. Also able to function in traditional way (constant output voltage regulation level). it can also be synchronized and in any case.

.SMPSRM Voltage References In Brief . 94 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. .com 93 . . . voltmeter systems. . . . Temperature coefficients of 25 ppm/°C max (typically 10 ppm/°C) provide excellent stability. A/D converters. . . . Initial accuracies of ±1. .0% mean production line adjustments can be eliminated. .0%. Uses for the references include D/A converters. precision power supplies. and many others. . temperature monitors. Page Precision Low Voltage References . . and long term stability. . low temperature drift. ON Semiconductor’s line of precision voltage references is designed for applications requiring high initial accuracy. . and ±2.

http://onsemi.5 V) ≤ Vin ≤ 40 V. Precision Low Voltage References Vout (V) Typ 1.0 Ω at IR = 100 µA. BI –40° to +85°C LM285Z–1.5 ± 25 mV 10 25 40 5.0 mA.5 V ≤ Vin ≤ 15 V/15 V ≤ Vin ≤ 40 V. AC.SMPSRM Precision Low Voltage References A family of precision low voltage bandgap reference devices designed for applications requiring low temperature drift. 6. (Vout + 2.2 LM385BZ–2.235 ± 25 mV 2.5 – 3.com 94 .2 LM385Z–1. 20 µA ≤ IR ≤ 1. 3. SO–8 DIP–8 TO–92.5 MC1403B MC1403 MC1404P5 TL431C. SO–8 Micro–8 Notes: 1. DIP–8 Package TO–92.5 LM385Z–2. SO–8. Table 8.0 ± 50 mV 2.0 (Note 2) 2. 10 µA ≤ IR ≤ 1. Micropower Reference Diode Dynamic Impedance (z) ≤ 1.5 (Note 4) (N 6.5 ± 75 mV 2.0/4.5 Ω Regline (mV) Max (Note 1) ( ) Regload (mV) Max 1.235 ± 12 mV 1. BC – TL431I. 4.2 LM285Z–2. 5.0 mA. 4. 0 mA ≤ IL ≤ 10 mA.0 (Note 3) 10 (Note 5) (N SO–8. DIP–8. AI. 2.0 (Note 6) Shunt Reference Dynamic Im edance Impedance (z) ≤ 0.5 to 37 100 40 50 Typ IO (mA) Max 20 Vout/T (ppm/°C) Max 80 Typ y Device 0° to +70°C LM385BZ–1.5 ± 38 mV 2.

. . . . . .SMPSRM Linear Voltage Regulators In Brief . . New developments have included low dropout. . . . . Page Linear Voltage Regulators . . . . . . . . . . . and in a very wide selection of voltages. . . more accuracy. . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. 96 Micropower Voltage Regulators for Portable Applications . . . from TSOP–5 or SOT23–5 leads up to D2PAK 5 leads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All these products are available in multiple package versions with a strong emphasis on surface mount packages. . . . . . . . . . from low current levels of 80 mA to very high current levels of up to 5 A. 100 Special Voltage Regulators . . . 107 Special Regulators . . . ON Semiconductor’s broad portfolio of voltage regulators covers the whole spectrum of current levels. . . . . and less noise using bipolar technology or CMOS technology for a reduction of current consumption.com 95 . . . . . . .

Typ. 18 24 –5.6 1. 12.0 8. these devices can be used with external components to obtain adjustable voltages and currents. SOP–8 DIP–8. 8.1 0.SMPSRM Linear Voltage Regulators Fixed Output These low cost monolithic circuits provide positive and/or negative regulation at currents from 100 mA to 3.0.0 8. TO–92.0 2.1 0. 0.0 2.2 1. DPAK. TO–220 DPAK.0/4. 12 15. SOP–8 DIP–16.0. 15.0 –(12.0 0.0 2.1 1. 6. Regline Max (% Vout) Regload Max (% Vout) Device Vout Package Fixed Voltage.2 0.0 35 35 40 35 2. D2PAK. 8.0 4.25 1. Coefficient mV (Vout) °C Table 9. 18) –24 5.2 0.8 1.04 –0.0 1.0/4.0 12.0 2.7 1. They are ideal for on–card regulation employing current limiting and thermal shutdown.04 ±0. TO–220 DPAK.0/4.0 2.0/4.2 SO–8.1 Amperes LM2931*/A–5.0. TO–92 DPAK.0 2.0 1.2 0. 9. 24 –(5. TO–220 Unless otherwise noted. 8. 0.2 1. 18 20.0/4.0 4.0 0.0/3. TJ = 0° to +125°C * TJ = –40° to +125°C ** TA = –40° to +85°C http://onsemi. SOP–8 DIP–8.0 2. Linear Voltage Regulators 25°C Tol.0. Although designed primarily as fixed voltage regulators.0* 5.2 – DIP–8.com 96 .0/3.0 ±0.38 0.7 2.5 Amperes MC78MXXB*/C MC78MXXB*/C MC78MXXB*/C MC79MXXB*/C 5.0 3.7 1.0 0.2 0. TO–92 8.2/0.0 1.0/4.8 40 0.0 8.04 MC78LXXC/AC/AB* MC78LXXC/AC/AB* MC78L24C/AC/AB* MC79L05C/AC/AB* MC79LXXC/AC/AB* MC79L24C/AC/AB* MC33160** 5.0 2.0.2 0. TO–220 DPAK.0 Fixed Voltage. 15.0 5.0 5. TO–220 DPAK. TO–92 DPAK. SOP–8 DIP–8.0 30 35 40 30 35 40 40 1.5 30 0.04 DPAK.0 A.3 5.0 1.0 4.0 8.0 4. Low VDiff devices are offered for battery powered systems.0 2. 3–Terminal Regulators. SOP–8 DIP–8. 15) 4. SOP–8 DIP–8.0 1. Typ.04 ±0.7 1.0 0.07 to ±0. ±% Vin Max Vin–Vout Diff. SO–16L LP2950C*/AC* 3.0 8.0 1. Temp.0.16 0.2/0.7 1.7 1.0 2. 3–Terminal Regulators.0 0.0/3.0 4.0.

0.0 1.0 2.0/2.0/0.0 35 40 35 35 40 35 2.0 2.04 0.0 15 0.04 ±0.0 2. DPAK.0/0. TO–220 D2PAK. DPAK MC34268 2. TO–220.0 – SO–8.0/2. 3–Terminal Regulators. 0.3.0 4.0 4.25 2.22 0.0.0.0 40 0.0/2. Typ.0 2. TO–220 D2PAK.5/0.0/2.0 2.0) –(8.0. 18 24 –(5. TO–220 Fixed Voltage.0/0. Temp. TJ = 0° to +125°C * TJ = –40° to +125°C ** TA = –40° to +85°C http://onsemi. 6.0 4. 6.0/1.2 –0.3 1.12 to –0. 12.4 2.0 1.0 4.0 2.0 1.2 2.3 1. 12.04 ±0.0 2.0/1.0/1.0 4. 18) –24 5.0/1. TO–220 TO–220 Fixed Voltage. Linear Voltage Regulators (continued) 25°C Tol.0. 1.5 2.3 0.06 –0. ±% Vin Max Vin–Vout Diff.95 0.0 1.0/1.58 1.125 –0. 5.0 2.com 97 .0 0.12 D2PAK.7 2. TO–220 D2PAK.0. TO–220 D2PAK. 15 4.0 Amperes MC78TXXC/AC MC78T15C/AC LM323/A 5.5 0. 12 15 5.6 2.0 Amperes MC78XXB*/C/AC MC7824B*/C/AC MC79XXC/AC MC79XXC/AC MC7924C LM340/A–XX 5.0 4.5 –0.0/2. 3–Terminal Medium Dropout Regulators.0 4.0/1. 8.0.0 – D2PAK. Coefficient mV (Vout) °C Device Vout Package Fixed Voltage.5 2.6 0.0 1. 3–Terminal Regulators. 0.0/2. 3.3 0.0/2.0 4.SMPSRM Table 9.85 1.0/2.0 0.0 – Fixed Voltage. 15. 8.5 0.0.0 20 1. 12.0 2. 3–Terminal Regulators.0.06 to –0.5 Amperes MC33267* 5.05 2.8 Amperes MC33269–XX* 3.2 TO–220 TO–220 TO–220 Unless otherwise noted.0 35 40 20 2. SOT–223 SO–8. 12 1. Regline Max (% Vout) Regload Max (% Vout) Typ.

Micro–8.04/0.05 2. Regline Max (% Vout) Regload Max (% Vout) Typ.38 0. DIP–8 5. DPAK. D2PAK.0 1.0 5.0/5.3 5.0 3.02 ±1.0 1.0 1.55 1.16 1.0/0.0/0. DPAK SO–8. Low Dropout Regulators LM2931*/A* 5.45/0. Micro–8. Temp.0 0.38 0.12 1.58 0.com 98 . TO–220.85 3.0 LM2935* 5. Medium Dropout Regulators MC33267* MC34268 MC33269–XX* 5. 5. TO–92 DPAK.5 SO–8. TO–92 DPAK. SOT–223 Fixed Voltage.0 SO–8.2/0.2 LP2951C*/AC* 3.0 500/10 60 0.0 500 800 40 15 20 0.8 100 37 0.0 – TO–220.1 0. TO–92 DPAK. 12 2.0 1.1 0. Typ.3. Fixed Voltage Medium and Low Dropout Regulators 25°C Tol. Coefficient mV (Vout) °C Device Vout Vin Max Package Fixed Voltage. DPAK.3 1.0 3.95 1. Micro–8.0 Unless otherwise noted.2/0. TO–220 SO–8. ±% IO (mA) Max Vin–Vout Diff. TJ = 0° to +125°C * TJ = –40° to +125°C http://onsemi. TO–220. DIP–8 SO–8. DIP–8 SO–8.0 – D2PAK.04/0.0/3.75 0.SMPSRM Table 10.02 0. TO–92 1.5 100 28.0/5.0 1.3 5.0 ±2.0.5 100 30 0. D2PAK LP2950C*/AC* 3.

16 0. Regline Max (% Vout) Regload Max (% Vout) Typ.5 ±1.25–19 1.2–37 –(1.4 ±0.3 ±0.07 0.0–24 1.02 1.75 40 40 35 2.5 1.0 0. SO–14 DPAK. Adjustable Output Regulators IO (mA) Max Vin Max Vin–Vout Diff.1 1.2–37 –(1.25–29 100 100 100 40 37 28.0 SO–8.2 0.5 1. Coefficient mV (Vout) °C Device Vout Package Adjustable Regulators LM317L/B* LM2931C* LP2951C*/AC* 2.com 99 .5 0. TO–220.5 0.75 1. Micro–8 MC1723C# LM317M/B* LM337M/B* MC33269* LM317/B* LM337/B* LM350/B* 2. Micro–8 SO–8. TO–220.5 DIP–14. SOT–223 TO–220.07 0.5 1. DIP–8.07 0. D2PAK TO–220 Unless otherwise noted.07 1. TO–220 TO–220 SO–8. TJ = 0° to +125°C * TJ = –40° to +125°C # TA = 0° to +70°C http://onsemi.3 ±0.04 0.7 0.033 ±0. TO–92 SO–8. DIP–8.5 1.35 ±0.35 ±2.5 ±0.2–37) 1.0–37 1.SMPSRM Adjustable Output ON Semiconductor offers a broad line of adjustable output voltage regulators with a variety of output current capabilities. Table 11. DIP–8. Micro–8 SO–8.9 0.38 0. D2PAK. Typ.9 1. TO–92 SO–8.12 0. Temp.3 0.04/0.0–37 3.02 ±0.07 0.3 2. Adjustable voltage regulators provide users the capability of stocking a single integrated circuit offering a wide range of output voltages for industrial and communications applications.2–33 150 500 500 800 1500 1500 3000 38 40 40 18.25 2. D2PAK TO–220.0 2.04/0. DPAK.5 1.2–37) 1.5 2. The three–terminal devices require only two external resistors to set the output voltage.35 ±0.

an error amplifier. or SOT–23.0 5. 5 Pin) ORDERING INFORMATION Output Voltage 3. are available upon request.0 3.1 µA Typical • Low Dropout Voltage (220 mV at 10 mA) • Excellent Line Regulation (0. 3 pin. SOT–23 5 Leads The MC78LC00 series voltage regulators are specifically designed for use as a power source for video instruments.0 Operating Temperature Range 2 Vin Package 3 VO Device MC78LC30HT1 MC78LC33HT1 MC78LC40HT1 MC78LC50HT1 MC78LC30NTR MC78LC33NTR MC78LC40NTR MC78LC50NTR SOT–89 TA = –30° to +80°C SOT–23 Vref 1 Gnd Other voltages from 2. and battery powered equipment.0 V to 6. 5 pin.1 µA and a high accuracy output voltage. surface mount packages.1%) • High Accuracy Output Voltage (±2. SOT–89. 3 Pin. The MC78LC00 series features an ultra–low quiescent current of 1. Consult factory for information. These devices are available in either SOT–89.0 V) • Output Current for Low Power (up to 80 mA) • Two Surface Mount Packages (SOT–89. handheld communication equipment.5%) • Wide Output Voltage Range (2.SMPSRM Micropower Voltage Regulators for Portable Applications 80 mA Micropower Voltage Regulator MC78LC00H.1 V increments. http://onsemi.0 5.0 to 6. in 0.0 V. MC78LC00 Series Features: • Low Quiescent Current of 1.3 4. a driver transistor and resistors for setting the output voltage. or SOT–23.0 3. Each device contains a voltage reference.com 100 .3 4.0 3. N TA = –30° to +80°C.

1 µA Typical • Ultra–Low Dropout Voltage (100 mV at 10 mA) • Large Output Current (up to 120 mA) • Excellent Line Regulation (0. a driver transistor. SOT–89 The MC78FC00 series voltage regulators are specifically designed for use as a power source for video instruments. an error amplifier.com 101 .0 to 6.0 5. and battery powered equipment.0 Operating Temperature Range TA = –30° to +80°C 2 Vin Package 3 VO Device MC78FC30HT1 MC78FC33HT1 MC78FC40HT1 MC78FC50HT1 SOT–89 Other voltages from 2.3 4.0 3. Vref 1 Gnd http://onsemi. These devices are available in SOT–89 surface mount packages. are available upon request. MC78FC00 Series Features: • Ultra–Low Quiescent Current of 1. constant voltage power supply circuit. Each device contains a voltage reference unit.5%) • Wide Output Voltage Range (2.0 V) • Surface Mount Package (SOT–89) ORDERING INFORMATION Output Voltage 3. and a current limit circuit. and resistors for setting output voltage. in 0.0 V to 10 V) • High Accuracy Output Voltage (±2.SMPSRM 120 mA Micropower Voltage Regulator MC78FC00H TA = –30° to +80°C.1%) • Wide Operating Voltage Range (2. The MC78FC00 series voltage regulator ICs feature a high accuracy output voltage and ultra–low quiescent current.0 V to 6.0 V. Consult factory for information. and allow construction of an efficient.1 V increments. handheld communication equipment.

0 V. These devices are available in the SOT–23. These devices are ideally suited for battery powered equipment. These devices have a chip enable function. Each of these devices contains a voltage reference unit.0 3. Vref 1 Gnd CE 5 http://onsemi. in 0. 5 pin surface mount packages. communication equipment and domestic appliances.0 to 6. and power sources for hand–held audio instruments.0 5.0 Operating Temperature Range TA = –30° to +80°C Ext 2 Vin Package SOT–23 5 Leads 4 3 VO Device MC78BC30NTR MC78BC33NTR MC78BC40NTR MC78BC50NTR Other voltages from 2.3 4. Consult factory for information. which minimizes the standby mode current drain. a driver transistor and feedback resistors. an error amplifier.2 µA) • Ultra–Low Dropout Voltage (0. are available upon request.5%) ORDERING INFORMATION Output Voltage 3. MC78BC00 Series Features: • Ultra–Low Supply Current (50 µA) • Standby Mode (0.1 V with External Transistor and IO = 100 mA) • Excellent Line Regulation (Typically 0. The MC78BC00 series are devices suitable for constructing regulators with ultra–low dropout voltage and output current in the range of several tens of mA to hundreds of mA.1%/V) • High Accuracy Output Voltage (±2.1 V increments.com 102 .SMPSRM Micropower Voltage Regulator for External Power Transistor MC78BC00N TA = –30° to +80°C. SOT–23 5 Leads The MC78BC00 voltage regulators are specifically designed to be used with an external power transistor to deliver high current with high voltage accuracy and low quiescent current.

2 V @ IOUT = 100 mA • High Ripple Rejection: typical 70 dB @ f = 1 kHz • Low Temperature–Drift Coefficient of Output Voltage: typical ±100 ppm/°C • Excellent Line Regulation: typical 0. MC78PC00 Series Features: • Ultra–Low Supply Current: typical 35 mA in ON mode with no load • Standby Mode: typical 0. Each of these voltage regulators consists of an internal voltage reference. Block Diagram 1 MC78PCxx VIN 5 VOUT Vref 3 CE CURRENT LIMIT 2 GND http://onsemi. The MC78PC00 series are housed in the SOT–23 5 lead package. a current limiting circuit and a chip enable circuit.0% • Fast Dynamic Response to Line and Load • Small Package: SOT–23 5 leads • Built–in Chip Enable circuit (CE input pin) • Similar Pinout to the LP2980/1/2 and MIC5205 ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC78PC28NTR MC78PC30NTR MC78PC33NTR MC78PC50NTR Operating Temperature Range Package SOT–23 5 Leads TA = –40° to +85°C Other voltages are available. which makes these products ideally suited for use in hand–held communication equipment.1 mA • Low Dropout Voltage: typical 0. Consult your ON Semiconductor representative. for maximum board space saving.05%/V • High Accuracy Output Voltage: ±2. The dynamic Response to line and load is fast. low supply current.SMPSRM Micropower Voltage Regulators for Portable Applications (continued) Low Noise 150 mA Low Drop Out (LDO) Linear Voltage Regulator MC78PC00 TA = –40° to +85°C. SOT–23 5 Lead Package The MC78PC00 are a series of CMOS linear voltage regulators with high output voltage accuracy. low dropout voltage. resistors. and high Ripple Rejection.com 103 . an error amplifier.

the MC33263 represents the ideal choice for sensitive circuits. it naturally shields the downstream electronics against choppy power lines.com 104 . the MC33263 accepts output capacitors without any restrictions regarding their Equivalent Series Resistance (ESR) thus offering an obvious versatility for immediate implementation. Additionally. Thanks to a novel concept.SMPSRM Micropower Voltage Regulators for Portable Applications (continued) Ultra Low Noise 150 mA Low Dropout Voltage Regulator with ON/OFF Control MC33263 TA = –40° to +85°C. no load). MC33263 Features: • Very Low Quiescent Current 170 µA (ON. SOT23–L Housed in a SOT23–L package. With a typical DC ripple rejection better than –90 dB (–70 dB @ 1 kHz). typically 20 mV at DIout = 150 mA • Multiple Output Voltages Available • Logic Level ON/OFF Control (TTL–CMOS Compatible) • ESR can vary from 0 to 3W • Functionally and Pin Compatible with TK112xxA/B Series ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33263NW–28R2 MC33263NW–30R2 MC33263NW–32R2 MC33263NW–33R2 MC33263NW–38R2 MC33263NW–40R2 MC33263NW–47R2 MC33263NW–50R2 Operating Temperature Range Package TA = –40° to +85°C SOT23–L MC33263 Block Diagram 6 Input Shutdown 1 ON/OFF Thermal Shutdown 4 Output 3 Bypass Band Gap Reference 2 GND * Current Limit * Antisaturation * Protection 5 GND http://onsemi. typically 25 µVrms over 100 Hz to 100 kHz • Internal Thermal Shutdown • Extremely Tight Line Regulation typically –90 dB • Ripple Rejection –70 dB @ 1 kHz • Line Transient Response: 1 mV for DVin = 3 V • Extremely Tight Load Regulation. The MC33263 also excels in response time and reacts in less than 25 ms when receiving an OFF to ON signal (with no bypass capacitor). 100 nA (OFF. no load) • Very Low Dropout Voltage. typical value is 137 mV at an output current of 100 mA • Very Low Noise with external bypass capacitor (10 nF). especially in portable applications where noise performance and space are premium. With an incredible noise level of 25 mVRMS (over 100 Hz to 100 kHz. with a 10 nF bypass capacitor). thermal shutdown and short–circuit protection provide the final product with a high degree of ruggedness. the MC33263 delivers up to 150 mA where it exhibits a typical 180 mV dropout.

0 MC33264DM–3. 3.1 µA in the OFF mode). These devices feature a very low quiescent current (100 µA in the ON mode.8 MC33264D–4. DM TA = –40° to +85°C.0 V Output Voltages 0. They require only a small output capacitance for stability. the MC33264 has either active HIGH or active LOW control (Pins 2 and 3) that allows a logic level signal to turn–off or turn–on the regulator output.8 V Output Voltages • Internal Current and Thermal Limiting • Logic Level ON/OFF Control • Functionally Equivalent to TK115XXMC and LP2980 ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33264D–2.0 MC33264D–3.SMPSRM Micropower Voltage Regulators for Portable Applications (continued) Micropower smallCAP Voltage Regulators with On/Off Control MC33264D.3 V and 3.75 MC33264D–5.8 MC33264DM–4.3 MC33264D–3. SO–8.0 MC33264DM–2.0 MC33264DM–4. and 131 mV at 50 mA • Multiple Output Voltages Available • Extremely Tight Line and Load Regulation • Stable with Output Capacitance of Only 0.75 V and 5. and are capable of supplying output currents up to 100 mA.8 V. 3.0 V.8 MC33264DM–3.0 Operating Temperature Range Package SO–8 TA = –40° to +85°C 40° Micro–8 1 Vin Thermal and Anti–Sat Protection 8 VO 7 Base Rint 2 On/Off 5 Adj 1. these devices are ideally suited for battery powered computer. Micro–8 The MC33264 series are micropower low dropout voltage regulators available in SO–8 and Micro–8 surface mount packages and a wide range of output voltages.33 µF for 2. 4. 0. MC33264 Features: • Low Quiescent Current (0. 95 µA in ON Mode) • Low Input–to–Output Voltage Differential of 47 mV at 10 mA. and industrial equipment where an extension of useful battery life is desirable. consumer.3 µA in OFF Mode.22 µF for 4. Additionally.75 MC33264DM–5.com 105 .0 MC33264D–4. Internal current and thermal limiting protection is provided.0 V.8 MC33264D–3.3 MC33264DM–3.23 V Vref 3 On/Off MC33264 52.5 k 6 Gnd http://onsemi. Due to the low input–to–output voltage differential and bias current specifications.

com 106 . This voltage regulator features a low dropout voltage and fast transient response.5 LT1585ACM–1. D2PAK The LT1585A is a low dropout 3–terminal voltage regulator with 5A output current capability.6V output with an input supply below 7V. On–chip thermal limiting provides protection against any com- bination of overload that would create excessive junction temperatures.5 TA = 0° to 125°C Operating Temperature Range Package TO–220 D2PAK TO–220 D2PAK Vin Simplified Block Diagram + – Thermal Limit Vout Adjust http://onsemi.05% Typ • Trimmed Current Limit • On–Chip Thermal Limiting • Standard 3–Pin Power Package ORDERING INFORMATION Device LT1585ACT LT1585ACM LT1585ACT–1. Design has been optimized for low voltage applications where transient response and minimum input voltage are critical. Current limits is trimmed to ensure specified output current and controlled short–circuit current.SMPSRM Micropower Voltage Regulators for Portable Applications (continued) 5A Low Dropout Fast Response Positive Adjustable and Fixed Voltage Regulators LT1585A TA = 0° to 125°C. These improvements make them ideal for low voltage microprocessor applications requiring a regulated 2. TO–220. The LT1585A is available in the industry standard 3–pin TO–220 and D2PAK power package.5V to 3. LT1585A Features: • Fast Transient Response • Guaranteed Dropout Voltage at Multiple Currents • Load Regulation: 0.

DPAK. 500 mA regulator with on–chip power–up–reset circuit with externally programmable delay.0 V. TO–220 TSSOP–16 MC33269 MC33765 Special Regulators Voltage Regulator/Supervisory Table 13. http://onsemi.0 V. Low voltage differential regulator featuring dual positive 5.SMPSRM Special Voltage Regulators Table 12. switched currents in excess of 750 mA and 10 mA standby current. and thermal shutdown. It is designed for supplying the micro–computer controlled systems especially in automotive applications.0 V voltage regulator with a very low dropout and additional functions such as power–on reset and input voltage sense. current limit. 12 V.2 500 6.9 5. Fixed and adjustable positive output voltage regulators which maintain regulation with very low input–to–output voltage differential. Package DIP–8.0 26 50 50 Min 4.0 Max 40 Regline (mV) Max 40 Regload (mV) Max 50 TA (°C) 0 to +70 –40 to +85 –40 to +105 Suffix/ Package DIP–16. 800 mA regulator. DPAK. D2PAK MC33267 SO–8. SO–16L SO 16L TO–220.75 Max 5. Voltage Regulator/Supervisory Vout (V) Device MC34160 MC33160 MC33267 4.com 107 . SOT–223.8 V and 13 V. Positive 5. 5. SO–8 Device L4949 TO–92. Positive regulator with 5 outputs fixed 2. D2PAK * These ICs are intended for powering cellular phone GaAs power amplifiers and can be used for other portable applications as well.0 mA.3 V. Positive 3. D2PAK. TO–220. D2PAK LM2931 Series LM2935 TO–220. Voltage Regulators Function F nction Multifunction Very Low Dropout Voltage Regulator Low Dropout Voltage Regulator Low Dropout Voltage Regulator Low Dropout Voltage Regulator Low Dropout Voltage Regulator Low Dropout Voltage Regulator Features Feat res A monolithic integrated 5.25 IO (mA) Max 100 Vin (V) Min 7. Fixed quiescent current is less than 3.0 V outputs. SO–8 TO–220.

01R R Regulator 11 Output Reset 7 Chip Disable 15 2.com 108 .0 V. DW TA = –40° to +85°C. DIP–16. These integrated circuits feature a 5. low voltage reset comparator.6 V Reference Reference 16 Output Power Sense 9 Hysteresis Adjust 10 Noninverting Input 2 Inverting Input 1 Gnd 4. and an uncommitted comparator ideally suited for microprocessor line synchronization. These devices are contained in a 16 pin dual–in–line heat tab plastic package for improved thermal conduction.913R 0. SO–16L The MC34160 series is a voltage regulator and supervisory circuit containing many of the necessary monitoring functions required in microprocessor based systems.SMPSRM Voltage Regulator/Supervisory (continued) Microprocessor Voltage Regulator and Supervisory Circuit MC34160P. 13 IH IH “On”/“Off” 8 Power Warning 6 Comparator Output http://onsemi. 100 mA regulator with short circuit current limiting. 5.6 V bandgap reference. and internal thermal shutdown for over temperature protection. SO–16L MC33160P. Additional features include a chip disable input for low standby current. DIP–16. It is specifically designed for appliance and industrial applications offering the designer a cost effective solution with minimal external components. DW TA = 0° to +70°C.12. power warning comparator with programmable hysteresis. pinned out 2. VCC 14 Thermal Shutdown 0.

A programmable time delay is initiated after the regulator has reached its nominal level and upon timeout.0 V regulator that is specifically designed to maintain proper voltage regulation with an extremely low input–to–output voltage differential. the MC33267 is ideally suited for use in battery powered industrial and consumer equipment where an extension of useful battery life is desirable.SMPSRM Voltage Regulator/Supervisory (continued) Low Dropout Regulator MC33267T. TO–220 5 Leads. the reset output is released.03 R Thermal Over Current Detector R Delay 200 + 1. This device is contained in an economical five lead TO–220 type package. Due to the low dropout voltage specifications. This device is capable of supplying output currents in excess of 500 mA and contains internal current limiting and thermal shutdown protection. Whenever the regulator output voltage is below nominal. Input 1 Reference 1. the reset output is held low.25 V 3. TV TJ = –40° to +105°C.01 R 0.com 109 . D2PAK 5 Leads The MC33267 is a positive fixed 5.8 V Delay 4 Reset 2 Ground 3 http://onsemi.25 V Output 5 20 µA Reset + 3. Also featured is an on–chip power–up reset circuit that is ideally suited for use in microprocessor based systems.

4 V Reset Circuit Sensing The Output Voltage Programmable Reset Pulse Delay With External Capacitor • Voltage Sense Comparator • Thermal Shutdown and Short Circuit Protections Output Voltage (Vout) VZ 3 8 Supply Voltage (VCC) 1 Preregulator 6.23 Vref Sense 1.0 µA CT 4 Reset 6 + – Reset Regulator Sense Input (Si) 2 Vs 2. DIP–8. D TJ = –40° to +125°C.0 V ±1% Output Current Capability Up to 100 mA Very Low Dropout Voltage Less Than 0.0 V to 28 V • Transient Supply Voltage Up to 40 V • Extremely Low Quiescent Current in Standby Mode • • • • • High Precision Standby Output Voltage 5.0 V voltage regulator with a very low dropout and additional functions such as power–on reset and input voltage sense.0 V Sense Output (So) 7 + – 1. SO–8 The L4949 is a monolithic integrated 5.0 V 2. • Operating DC Supply Voltage Range 5.23 V 5 Gnd http://onsemi.com 110 .SMPSRM Voltage Regulator/Supervisory (continued) Very Low Dropout Regulator L4949N. It is designed for supplying the micro–computer controlled systems especially in automotive applications.

very low dropout voltage regulator with five independent outputs which is available in TSSOP 16 surface mount package.11 V Typical for Output 1. Internal current and thermal limiting protections are provided. Two versions are available: 2. the MC33765 has an independent Enable input pin for each output.0 V.8 V or 3. * The other voltage regulators VR4 and VR5 have a common input voltage pin VCC2.8 V Fixed 3.0 V Fixed Operating Temperature Range TA = Package TSSOP–16 *40° to +85°C http://onsemi. 100 Hz < f < 100 kHz) • Internal Current and Thermal Limit • 100 nF for VR1. R2 Voltage Version 2. It includes also a common Enable pin to shutdown the complete circuit when not used. R2 MC33765DTB–30.0 V typical but each output is capable of supplying different currents up to 150 mA for output 4.0 mA maximum in OFF mode. The device features a very low dropout voltage (0. 2. The voltage of all five outputs is 2.0 µA in OFF Mode. TSSOP16 The MC33765 is an ultra low noise. VR2. VR4 and VR5 and 1.17 V Typical for Output 4 at Maximum Current) • Very Low Quiescent Current (Maximum 5. 130 mA typical in ON mode) and one of the output (output 3) exhibits a very low noise level which allows the driving of noise sensitive circuitry.8 V or 3.0% at 25°C • Enable Input Pin (Logic–Controlled Shutdown) for Each of the Five Outputs • Common Enable Pin to Shutdown the Whole Circuit • Very Low Dropout Voltage (0.8 V or 3. 0.SMPSRM Voltage Regulator/Supervisory (continued) Very Low Dropout/Ultra Noise 5 Outputs Voltage Regulator MC33765 TA = 40° to +85°C.com 111 . 3 and 5. The voltage regulators VR1. Additionally. VR2 and VR3 have a common input voltage pin VCC1.0 µF for VR3 for Stability • Supply Voltage Rejection: 60 dB (Typical) @ f = 1.11 V typical for maximum output current). very low quiescent current (5. The Common Enable pin has the highest priority over the five independent Enable input pins.0 kHz ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33765DTB.0 V Typical • Internal Trimmed Voltage Reference • Vout Tolerance ±3. 130 µA Typical in ON Mode) • Ultra Low Noise for VR3 (30 µV RMS Max. MC33765 Features: • Five Independent Outputs at 2.

0 mF (6) ON/OFF 4 Enable – + Current Limit VCC2 (11) Temp. Shut. VOUT2 100 nF (5) ON/OFF 3 Enable – + Current Limit VCC1 (12) Temp. VOUT5 100 nF (8) GND http://onsemi.25 V + Temp. VOUT3 1. Shut. VOUT4 100 nF (7) ON/OFF 5 Enable – + Current Limit VCC2 (9) Temp.SMPSRM Simplified Block Diagram VCC1 (15) CE (2) (10) VCC2 330 nF Common Enable (3) ON/OFF 1 Enable – BYPASS 100 nF Voltage Reference 1.com 112 . Shut. Shut. Shut. (14) VOUT1 100 nF Current Limit VCC1 (4) ON/OFF 2 Enable – + Current Limit VCC1 (13) Temp.

and thermal limiting. • 2. These devices are packaged in the 8–pin SOP–8 and 3–pin DPAK surface mount power packages.com 113 .0 V Dropout • Output Current in Excess of 800 mA • Thermal Protection • Short Circuit Protection • Output Trimmed to 1. The regulator consists of a 1.0 V dropout composite PNP/NPN pass transistor. current limiting. Applications include active SCSI–2 terminators and post regulation of switching power supplies. low dropout positive voltage regulator specifically designed for use in SCSI–2 active termination circuits.3 Regload (%) 0.5 TJ (°C) 150 Package SO–8.SMPSRM SCSI Regulator Table 14. while keeping power losses to a minimum.81 Max 2.9 Max 20 Regline (%) 0. DIP–8. SCSI Regulator Vout (V) Device MC34268 Min 2. DT TJ = 0° to +125°C. This device offers the circuit designer an economical solution for precision voltage regulation.89 Isink (mA) 800 Vin (V) Min 3. DPAK SCSI–2 Active Terminator Regulator MC34268D.4% Tolerance • No Minimum Load Required • Space Saving DPAK and SOP–8 Surface Mount Power Packages Input Thermal Limiting Control Circuit Current Limit Output Ground http://onsemi.85 V Output Voltage for SCSI–2 Active Termination • 1. SO–8 The MC34268 is a medium current.

. . . . the gate drive circuit components should be selected to optimize turn–on. . . . . . The switching characteristics are especially important in motor control applications in which PWM transistors are used in a bridge configuration. . . . . . . . . The most important design aspect of a MOSFET/IGBT gate drive is optimization of the switching characteristics. . . 115 Single IGBT Driver . . . . . 116 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. . . . . . . . In these applications. Page High Speed Dual Drivers .com 114 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SMPSRM MOSFET/IGBT Drivers In Brief . turn–off and off–state impedance. .

and can be used as drop–in replacements to upgrade system performance. DIP–8. SO–8 These two series of high speed dual MOSFET driver ICs are specifically designed for applications requiring low current digital circuitry to drive large capacitive loads at high slew rates. SO–8 (Noninverting) MC34152P. SO–8 MC33152P. DIP–8. VCC 6 MC34151 5.7 V Drive Output A Logic Input A 2 100 k 7 Logic Input B 4 100 k 5 Drive Output B Gnd 3 http://onsemi. DIP–8. In addition. capacitor charge pump converters. D TA = 0° to +70°C. D TA = –40° to +85°C. the low “on” state resistance of these bipolar drivers allows significantly higher output currents at lower supply voltages than with competing drivers using CMOS technology. Both series feature a unique undervoltage lockout function which puts the outputs in a defined low state in an undervoltage condition. motor controllers. or virtually any other application requiring high speed operation of power MOSFETs. The MC34151 series is pin–compatible with the MMH0026 and DS0026 dual MOS clock drivers. They can be used in dc–to–dc converters.com 115 . The MC34152 noninverting series is a mirror image of the inverting MC34151 series. These devices can enhance the drive capabilities of first generation switching regulators or systems designed with CMOS/TTL logic devices. D TA = –40° to +85°C. DIP–8. SO–8 MC33151P. D TA = 0° to +70°C.SMPSRM MOSFET/IGBT Drivers High Speed Dual Drivers (Inverting) MC34151P.

Comparator VEE Kelvin VCC 2 Gnd Blanking Desatur– 8 ation VCC VCC Input Gate Drive 5 Ouptut 4 3 VEE VCC VEE VCC VEE VEE 6 http://onsemi.com 116 . Typical applications are ac induction motor control.0 A Sink • Protection Circuits for Both Conventional and SenseIGBTs • Current Source for Blanking Timing • Protection Against Overcurrent and Short Circuit • Undervoltage Lockout Optimized for IGBT’s • Negative Gate Drive Capability VCC Output 7 S Over– Q R current Latch VEE S Q R Short Circuit Comparator Overcurrent Comparator VCC Current Sense 1 Input VEE VCC Desat. SO–8 The MC33153 is specifically designed to drive the gate of an IGBT used for ac induction motors. These devices are available in dual–in–line and surface mount packages and include the following features: • High Current Output Stage : 1. and uninterruptable power supplies. D TA = –40° to +105°C. DIP–8.SMPSRM MOSFET/IGBT Drivers (continued) Single IGBT Driver MC33153P. It can be used with discrete IGBTs and IBGT modules up to 100 A. brushless dc motor control.0 A Source – 2./Blank.

. . 119 Zero Voltage Controller . . . . Ultimately the uses of these devices require a simpler system design. . .SMPSRM Dedicated Drivers In Brief . . . . . . . Page Half Bridge Controller and Driver for Industrial Linear Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . Therefore the overall system performance as well as cost is highly maintained and minimized respectively. . . . . . . . . . . . 118 Power Controllers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . These drivers are designed to meet the specific application requirements. . . . .com 117 . . . . . . . . . . . . Dedicated drivers are designed and developed for specific application like electronic ballast. . . . . . . . . 120 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. 119 Zero Voltage Switch . . . . . . . . . . . .

Adjustable dead time makes the product suitable for any snubber capacitor and size of MOSFET used as power switches. This frequency can be made different from the preheating and the steady state values. • Filament preheating time control built–in. the resonant frequency being independently adjustable. Designed to be used with standard setting capacitors 470 nF. such a feature is useful to implement a dimming function by frequency shift.com 118 . On top of that. A frequency sweep between two • • • defined values makes this IC suitable for any serie resonant topologies. v ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33157DW Tested Operating Temperature Range TA = –40° to +85°C Package Plastic SO–16L R END SWP CSWEEP RPH CPH COP ROP ICO VDD 1 4 +Vref 15 V UULO 5 Iph 3 6 7 2 +Vref a COMPARATOR Iph Ifstrike R Iop +Vref +Vref ENABLE Dead Time CONTROL LOGIC STRIKE detection Clear INHIBIT 16 15 14 13 12 11 VHS VHO VOUT NC VLO GND BAND GAP REFERENCE +Vref (+7 V) DT adjust 8 PREHEAT & STRIKE CONTROL R R Latch Strike Detection 9 Vth C Q LEVEL SHIFTER HIGH SIDE BUFFER LOW SIDE BUFFER RESET 10 http://onsemi. One of the channels is ground–referenced. is provided for external usage. A voltage reference. Digital RESET pin provides a fast reset of the system (less than 10 µs).SMPSRM Half Bridge Controller and Driver for Industrial Linear Tubes MC33157DW The MC33157DW includes the oscillator circuit and two output channels to control a half–bridge power stage. This voltage is 100% trimmed at probe level yielding a 2% tolerance over the temperature range. The second one is floating to provide a bootstrap operation for the high side switch. making it easy to set up by a single external resistor. derived from the internal bandgap. • The strike sequence is controllable by external passive components. Dedicated internal comparator provides an easy lamp strike detection implementation. Both output Mosfet are set to “OFF’’ state when RESET is zero. Dedicated Driver for Industrial Linear Tubes • • • Main oscillator is current controlled.

SMPSRM

Power Controllers
An assortment of battery and ac line–operated control ICs for specific applications are shown. They are designed to enhance system performance and reduce complexity in a wide variety of control applications.

Zero Voltage Switch
CA3059 TA = –40° to +85°C, DIP–14

This device is designed for thyristor control in a variety of ac power switching applications for ac input voltages of 24 V, 120 V, 208/230 V, and 227 V @ 50/60 Hz. • Limiter–Power Supply – Allows operation directly from an ac line. • Differential “On”/“Off” Sensing Amplifier – Tests for condition of external sensors or input command signals. Proportional control capability or hysteresis may be implemented. • Zero–Crossing Detector – Synchronizes the output pulses to the zero voltage point of the ac cycle. Eliminates RFI when used with resistive loads.

• Triac Drive – Supplies high current pulses to the external power controlling thyristor. • Protection Circuit – A built–in circuit may be actuated, if the sensor opens or shorts, to remove the drive circuit from the external triac. • Inhibit Capability – Thyristor firing may be inhibited by the action of an internal diode gate. • High Power DC Comparator Operation – Operation in this mode is accomplished by connecting Pin 7 to 12 (thus overriding the action of the zero–crossing detector).

VCC RS Limiter
Zero Crossing Detector

Power Supply

RL Current Boost

AC Input Voltage

DC Mode or 400 Hz Input RP Protection Circuit Triac Drive Gate

“On”/“Off” Sensing Amp * VCC

Gnd *NTC Sensor

Inhibit

External Trigger

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SMPSRM

Power Controllers
UAA2016P, D

(continued)

Zero Voltage Controller
TA = –20° to +85°C, DIP–8, SO–8

The UAA2016 is designed to drive triacs with the Zero Voltage technique which allows RFI free power regulation of resistive loads. Operating directly on the ac power line, its main application is the precision regulation of electrical heating systems such as panel heaters or irons. A built–in digital sawtooth waveform permits proportional temperature regulation action over a ±1°C band around the set point. For energy savings there is a programmable temperature reduction function, and for security, a sensor failsafe inhibits output pulses when the sensor connection is broken. Preset temperature (i.e., defrost) application is also possible. In applications where

high hysteresis is needed, its value can be adjusted up to 5°C around the set point. All these features are implemented with a very low external component count. • Zero Voltage Switch for Triacs, up to 2.0 kW (MAC212A8) • Direct AC Line Operation • Proportional Regulation of Temperature over a 1°C Band • Programmable Temperature Reduction • Preset Temperature (i.e., Defrost) • Sensor Failsafe • Adjustable Hysteresis • Low External Component Count

Failsafe 3 Sense Input + – Sampling Full Wave Logic Internal Reference

UAA2016
Pulse Amplifier 6 Output

4 Temperature Reduction

+

+

+

7 +VCC

1/2

4–Bit DAC 2 Hysteresis Adjust Voltage Reference 1 11–Bit Counter

Synchronization Supply Voltage

8 Sync

5 VEE

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SMPSRM

Dedicated Power Management Controllers
In Brief . . .
Dedicated power management controllers are designed and developed for specific applications like PDAs, Smart Card–based systems, or cellular phones. These controllers are utilizing mixed–signal processes such as SMARTMOS for improved high performance and precision characteristics. They have a high integration level and may integrate multiple analog or digital functions such as LDO voltage regulators, DC–DC converters, Analog–to–Digital converters, latches, and multiple gates.
Page Power Supply and Management IC for Handheld Electronic Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GaAs Power Amplifier Support IC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Smartcard Power Management Controller and Interface IC for Smartcard–based Systems . . . Versatile 6 Regulator Power Management Circuit for Cellular Subscriber Terminal . . . . . . . . . . 122 124 125 126

ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS

SIGNAL CONDITIONING

BATTERY MANAGEMENT

POWER MANAGEMENT

SYSTEM MANAGEMENT

MOTOR CONTROL

INTERFACE

OTHER CIRCUITS

Op–Amps

Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers

DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers

Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory

DC Motor Control

Data Transmission Display Drivers

Timers

Comparators

Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier

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SMPSRM

Power Supply and Management IC for Handheld Electronic Products
MC34280 0°C to +70°C, LQFP 32–Pins

The MC34280 is a power supply integrated circuit which provides two boost regulated outputs and some power management supervisory functions. Both regulators apply Pulse–Frequency–Modulation (PFM). The main step–up regulator output can be externally adjusted from 2.7V to 5V. An internal synchronous rectifier is used to ensure high efficiency (achieve 87%). The auxiliary regulator with a built–in power transistor can be configured to produce a wide range of positive voltage (can be used for LCD contrast voltage). This voltage can be adjusted from +5V to +25V by an external potentiometer; or by a microprocessor, digitally through a 6–bit internal DAC. The MC34280 has been designed for battery powered hand–held products. With the low start–up voltage from 1V and the low quiescent current (typical 35 µA); the MC34280 is best suited to operate from 1 to 2 AA/ AAA cell. Moreover, supervisory functions such as low battery detection, CPU power–on reset, and back–up battery control, are also included in the chip. It makes the

MC34280 the best one–chip power management solution for applications such as electronic organizers and PDAs. • Low Input Voltage, 1V up • Low Quiescent Current in Standby Mode: 35µA typical • PFM and Synchronous Rectification to ensure high efficiency (87% @200mA Load) • Adjustable Main Output: nominal 3.3V @ 200mA max, with 1.8V input • Auxiliary Output Voltage can be digitally controlled by microprocessor • Auxiliary Output Voltage: +5V @ 25mA max, with 1.8V input +25V @ 15mA max, with 1.8V input • Current Limit Protection • Power–ON Reset Signal with Programmable Delay • Battery Low Detection • Lithium Battery Back–up • 32–Pin LQFP Package

ORDERING INFORMATION
Device MC34280 Operating Temperature Range 0°C to +70°C Package 32–pin LQFP

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SMPSRM Typical Application Block Diagram CVDD c = 20u Riref r = 480 k GND IREF AGND 8 VREF 6 7 5 GND GND VREF Cpor c = 80n GND PDELAY VDD VDD 4 ENABLE 3 VBAT 2 1 R123 r=5 Power ON Reset Current Bias Voltage Reference 11 LOWBATB LIBATON LIBATCL 12 13 14 VAUXADJ 15 VAUXCON PORB LOWBAT LIBATON LIBATCL VAUXADJ VAUXCON VAUXEN VAUXFBP VAUXREF (1.com 123 .1 V to 2.2 V) LAUX L = 22u (Rs < 60 mOhm) VBAT CAUXbp c = 100u 10 V SMT tantalum Optional GND 30 V SMT tantalum VAUXEN Auxiliary Regulator 17 18 19 VAUXFBN 20 VBAT 21 VAUXBDV VAUXBASE VAUXCHG 22 23 24 N/C 16 Level Control Current Limit Control and Base Drive Q1 26 VAUXSW 25 GND Lithium Battery Backup Low Battery Detect Control and Gate Drive Startup d M1 Current Limit s Battery Lock Switch VBAT Ren r = 1000 k CMAINb c = 100p RMAINb r = 1000 k VMAINFB VBAT Optional CMAINbp c = 100u 10 V SMT tantalum GND LMAIN L = 33u (Rs < 60 mOhm) VMAIN GND VBAT RLBa r = 300 k RLBb r = 900 k GND GND PORB LOWBATSEN DGND 9 10 s M2 d 32 VMAIN 1N5817 CMAIN c = 100u 10 V SMT tantalum GND 31 VMAINSW VMAINGND 30 29 d M3 s 27 VAUXEMR GND LIBATIN N/C GND Main Regulator with Synchronous Rectifier 28 LIBATOUT 1N5818 Caux c = 30u VAUX Optional Rauxb r = 2.2 M GND CAUXa c = 33n CAUXb c = 2n Rauxa r = 200 k GND http://onsemi.

SMPSRM GaAs Power Amplifier Support IC MC33169DTB TA = –40° to +85°C. The – 4. This device provides negative voltages for full depletion of Enhanced MESFETs as well as a priority management system of drain switching. ensuring that the negative voltage is always present before turning “on” the Power Amplifier. This product is available in one version. PCN and DECT. TSSOP–14 The MC33169 is a support IC for GaAs Power Amplifier Enhanced FETs used in hand portable telephones such as GSM. Additional features include an idle mode input and a direct drive of the N–Channel drain switch transistor.0 V version is intended for supplying RF modules for GSM and DCS1800 applications.0 V) VBB Generator (Voltage Tripler) MMSF4N01HD MC33169 Gate Drive Output Priority Management RF In Power Amplifier 10 Sense Input RF Out Sense Charge Pump 7 – + 5 Negative Generator 4 – + VO Ci Cp Output (– 2.0 V.com 124 .0 V) C + f Rf http://onsemi.7 to 7. • Negative Regulated Output for Full Depletion of GaAs MESFETs • Drain Switch Priority Management Circuit • CMOS Compatible Inputs • Idle Mode Input (Standby Mode) for Very Low Current Consumption • Output Signal Directly Drives N–Channel FET • Low Startup and Operating Current C3 + VBB Double 12 + – – C1 VBB 11 3 Triple + C4 – Tx Power Control 9 Input 13 Idle Mode Input 6 Gnd 2 + + C2 1 VCC 14 8 VBattery (2. – 4.5 V or – 4.

Human Body Model) • Fault Monitoring VBATlow.8 V VBAT 6.6 V • Programmable VCC Supply for 3 V or 5 V Card Operation • Power Management for Very Low Quiescent Current in Standby Mode (MC33560A: 10 µA max) t t *25° to +85°C Simplified Functional Block Diagram VBAT L1 ILIM PGND DC/DC CONVERTER PWRON INT RDYMOD CS SYNCLK ASYCLKIN INVOUT POWER MANAGER AND PROGRAMMING CARD DETECTOR DELAY CRDDET CRDCON CLOCK GENERATOR VBAT CRDVCC CRDIO CRDRST CRDC4 CRDC8 CRDCLK CRDGND IO RESET C4 C8 LEVEL TRANSLATOR http://onsemi. VCClow and ICClim • All card outputs current limited and short circuit protected ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33560ADW MC33560ADTB TA = Operating Temperature Range Package SO–24WB TSSOP–24 The MC33560A is an interface IC for smartcard reader/ writer applications. • 100% Compatible with ISO 7816–3 Standard • Wide Battery Supply Voltage Range: 1. and several couplers may be managed in parallel. It allows to manage any type of smart or memory card through a simple and flexible microcontroller interface. SO–24WB.com 125 . The MC33560A is particularly suited to low power and portable applications because of its power saving features and the minimum of external parts required. A highly sophisticated protection system guarantees timely and controlled shutdown upon error conditions. TSSOP–24 • Microprocessor Wake–up Signal Generated Upon Card Insertion • Self–contained DC/DC Converter to Generate VCC using a Minimum of Passive Components • Controlled Power Up/Down Sequence for High Signal Integrity on the Card I/O and Signal Lines • Programmable Card Clock Generator • Chip Select Capability for Parallel Coupler Operation • High ESD Protection on Card Pins (4 kV.SMPSRM Smartcard Power Management Controller and Interface IC for Smartcard–based Systems MC33560 TA = *25°C to +85°C. Battery life is extended by the wide operating range and the low quiescent current in standby mode.

Thanks to its large scale integration.R2 Operating Temperature Range Package TQFP–32 *20°C to +70°C http://onsemi.SMPSRM Versatile 6 Regulator Power Management Circuit for Cellular Subscriber Terminal MC33283 TA = *20°C to +70°C. Outputs deliver 40µVRMS typical (10–100kHz) at nominal output current. the device offers up to seven Low DropOut regulators (LDO). the circuit naturally shields the downstream electronics against DC choppy lines. etc. TQFP–32 Finally.0V @ 20mA • Low–noise: 40µVRMS at nominal output levels (10Hz–100kHz) • Ultra–low reverse current in OFF mode (200nA typical) • Two–mode regulator: output 5 switches from 3 to 5V with SEL pin activated • Thermal shutdown for a rugged and reliable operation • All outputs are short–circuit proof The MC33283 is a complete power management solution for portable devices such as telephone handsets. This parameter guarantees a clean operation for battery operated devices. the overall noise specification makes the circuit an ideal candidate where noise is an important feature. ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33283FTB28. housed in a compact Thin Quad Flat Pack TQFP–32 package.85V. two of them delivering a voltage higher than the battery’s. With a 50dB ripple rejection under 10kHz. two–way radios.com 126 .75V @ 15mA 5. Despite the presence of an internal charge pump. the MC33283 gathers all the features necessary to power future portable radios. • 6 regulated outputs: 2. four outputs: 10–135mA 4.

com 127 .5 V ON/OFF7 Vref 2 10 OUT6 ENABLE SWITCHES VCC2 ON/OFF2 ON/OFF3 ON/OFF4 ON/OFF5 ON/OFF6 Vref ON/ OFF5 R5A VCC1 Vref 6 ON/OFF3 Vref ON/OFF2 Vref R2 VCC1 4 3 31 OUT1 UVLO2 22 Vref OUT2 CBYP ENRS R3 OUT3 EN2 EN3 EN5 EN6 EN7 OUT5 R5B R7 OUT7 VS 1 IN 14 OVLO CP ENABLE VCC2 VCC_CP CHARGE PUMP 13 D1 15 B1 7 GND CP 14 Vin 1 GND http://onsemi.SMPSRM Simplified Block Diagram VCC2 VCC2 VR1 5 mA 700 k 29 VCC1 5 VCC1 12 BUB POR 23 VR1 VCC1 UVLO2 VR1 2 mA UVLO1 UVLO1 Vref R1 VCC1 REFERENCE VOLTAGE 26 27 HIGH = UVLO ACTIVE OUT5 VOLTAGE SELECTION 28 21 20 19 30 VCC2 SEL 18 ON/OFF6 Vref R6 VCC1 OVLO VCC2 6.

. . . . . . 133 Universal Voltage Monitor . . . . . . The microprocessor will then take appropriate action such as storing data before executing a graceful shutdown. . industrial controls. . . These circuits monitor critical circuit conditions and report any violations of prescribed limits to a microprocessor. . . . . . . Newer supervisory circuits have utilized CMOS technology and miniature surface mount packages (SOT23–5 leads) to reduce the current consumption and the PCB board area. portable or not. 131 Micropower Undervoltage Sensing Circuits with Programmable Output Delay . . . . . This makes them particularly suited for battery–powered applications. . . . .com 128 . . . . Page Supervisory Circuits . . . . . . . . ON Semiconductor offers a wide variety of voltage supervisory circuits (Undervoltage or Overvoltage) designed for use where precise voltage limits or windows are required for reliable system operation. .SMPSRM System Management In Brief . 130 Micropower Undervoltage Sensing Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . computer systems and many other products. . . . . . 132 Undervoltage Sensing Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS SIGNAL CONDITIONING BATTERY MANAGEMENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT MOTOR CONTROL INTERFACE OTHER CIRCUITS Op–Amps Lithium Battery Protection ICs Charge Controllers DC–DC Converters with Inductor Off–Line SMPS Controllers Power Factor Controllers Voltage References Linear Voltage Regulators LDO Linear Voltage Regulators MOSFET/ IGBT Drivers Dedicated Drivers Dedicated Power Mgmnt Controllers Undervoltage Supervisory Overvoltage Supervisory DC Motor Control Data Transmission Display Drivers Timers Comparators Linear Four– Quadrant Multiplier http://onsemi. . are requiring system management functions which monitor voltages to ensure proper system operation. . . . . . . 129 Over/Undervoltage Protection Circuit . . . . . . Power supplies. . . 129 Overvoltage Crowbar Sensing Circuit . . . . . . . . . MCU–based systems. . . .

com 129 . VCC 1 200 µA 4 2 Sense 1 Current Source Vref 2.SMPSRM Supervisory Circuits A variety of Power Supervisory Circuits are offered. The device senses voltage and compares it to an internal 2. Overvoltage trip is adjustable by means of an external resistive voltage divider. such as an indicator output drive and remote activation capability.6 V reference. A minimum duration before trip is programmable with an external capacitor. D TA = 0° to +70°C.6 V 8 Output VEE 7 Sense 2 3 5 Remote Activation 6 Indicator Output http://onsemi. Overvoltage Crowbar Sensing Circuit MC3423P1. An over/undervoltage protection circuit is also offered. SO–8 Packages This device can protect sensitive circuitry from power supply transients or regulator failure when used with an external ‘‘Crowbar’’ SCR. an open–collector indicator output and remote activation capability. Overvoltage sensing circuits which drive ‘‘Crowbar’’ SCRs are provided in several configurations from a low cost three–terminal version to 8–pin devices which provide pin–programmable trip voltages or additional features. Other features include a 300 mA high current output for driving the gate of a ‘‘Crowbar’’ SCR. DIP–8.

5 µA 5 Input Section 2 UV OV DLY DLY Gnd 7 Output Section 6 UV Indicator 200 µA http://onsemi. DIP–8 Package The MC3425 is a power supply supervisory circuit containing all the necessary functions required to monitor over and undervoltage fault conditions.5 V Vref 12. The undervoltage channel input comparator has hysteresis which is externally programmable. This device features dedicated over and undervoltage sensing channels with independently programmable time delays.com 130 . VCC 8 OV Sense 3 OV Drive 1 200 µA UV Sense 4 IH 2.SMPSRM Over/Undervoltage Protection Circuit MC3425P1 TA = 0° to +70°C. The overvoltage channel has a high current drive output for use in conjunction with an external SCR ‘‘Crowbar’’ for shutdown. and an open–collector output for fault indication.

MOS Reset TA = –30° to +80°C Open Drain Reset SOT–23 ( (3000) ) 5 Leads Compl.5 0.0 2. A choice of several threshold voltages from 0.9 2. SOT–23 5 Leads Packages The MC33464 series are micropower undervoltage sensing circuits that are specifically designed for use with battery powered microprocessor based systems.0 4.5%) • Two Reset Output Types (Open Drain or Complementary Drive) • Two Surface Mount Packages (SOT–89 or SOT–23 5–Pin) Operating Temperature Range Package (Qty/Reel) ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33464H–09AT1 MC33464H–20AT1 MC33464H–27AT1 MC33464H–30AT1 MC33464H–45AT1 MC33464H–09CT1 MC33464H–20CT1 MC33464H–27CT1 MC33464H–30CT1 MC33464H–45CT1 MC33464N–09ATR MC33464N–20ATR MC33464N–21ATR MC33464N–27ATR MC33464N–30ATR MC33464N–45ATR MC33464N–09CTR MC33464N–20CTR MC33464N–27CTR MC33464N–30CTR MC33464N–45CTR Type Open Drain Reset SOT–89 (1000) Compl.1 2. Consult factory for information.7 3.9 2.1 V increments.0 2. where extended battery life is required.9 to 6. Applications include direct monitoring of the MPU/logic power supply used in portable.7 V to 10 V) • Monitors Power Supply Voltages from 1.SMPSRM Supervisory Circuits (continued) Micropower Undervoltage Sensing Circuits MC33464H. in 0. SOT–89.0 V with extremely low standby current.7 3. N TA = –30° to +80°C.8 µA at Vin = 1. MOS Reset Other voltages from 0.7 3. a comparator with precise thresholds and built–in hysteresis to prevent erratic reset operation.9 V to 4. and guaranteed operation below 1.9 2.5 V • Wide Input Voltage Range (0.0 V.0 4.7 3. are available.0 4. These devices feature a very low quiescent bias current of 0. automotive and industrial equipment. appliance.8 µA typical. a choice of output configurations between open drain or complementary MOS.0 2.5 0.1 V to 5. These devices are available in either SOT–89 3–pin or Threshold Voltage 0.5 0. MC33464X–YYATZ Open Drain Configuration 2 Input 1 Reset MC33464X–YYCTZ Complementary Drive Configuration 2 Input 1 Reset Vref X Denotes Package Type YY Denotes Threshold Voltage TZ Denotes Taping Type Vref 3 Gnd 3 Gnd http://onsemi.0 2.0 V • High Accuracy Detector Threshold (±2. MC33464 Features: • Extremely Low Standby Current of 0.0 4.5 SOT–23 5–pin surface mount packages. The MC33464 series features a highly accurate voltage reference.5 V are available.9 2.com 131 .

0 2.9 V to 4.0 V with extremely low standby current.0 µA at Vin = 3.0 3.0 V • High Accuracy Detector Threshold (±2.1 V to 5. a comparator with precise thresholds and built–in hysteresis to prevent erratic reset operation.9 2.5 V are available.1 V increments.15 µF) • Surface Mount Package (SOT–23 5–Pin) • Convenient Tape and Reel (3000 per Reel) ORDERING INFORMATION Device MC33465N–09ATR MC33465N–20ATR MC33465N–27ATR MC33465N–30ATR MC33465N–32ATR MC33465N–45ATR MC33465N–09CTR MC33465N–20CTR MC33465N–27CTR MC33465N–30CTR MC33465N–43CTR MC33465N–45CTR Threshold Voltage 0. Com l. This device is available in a SOT–23 5–pin surface mount package.9 to 6.7 3. MC33465N–YYATR Open Drain Output Configuration 2 Input 1 Reset 2 MC33465N–YYCTR Complementary Output Configuration Input RD RD 1 Reset Vref Vref 3 Gnd 5 CD YY Denotes Threshold Voltage 3 Gnd 5 CD http://onsemi.0 V. are available. with 0. MOS Reset SOT–23 5 Leads Other voltages from 0. automotive. which can be programmed by the system designer. a time delayed output.0 4. a choice of output configurations between open drain or complementary.7 3. and guaranteed operation below 1. Consult factory for information. This device features a very low quiescent bias current of 1. SOT–23 5 Leads The MC33465 series are micropower undervoltage sensing circuits that are specifically designed for use with battery powered microprocessor based systems.9 2.3 4. A choice of several threshold voltages from 0.5 Type Operating Temperature Range Package Open O en Drain Reset TA = –30° to +80°C 30° Compl. MC33465 Features: • Extremely Low Standby Current of 1.2 4.5 0. The MC33465 series features a highly accurate voltage reference. in 0.7 V to 10 V) • Monitors Power Supply Voltages from 1. where extended battery life is required.SMPSRM Supervisory Circuits (continued) Micropower Undervoltage Sensing Circuits with Programmable Output Delay MC33465N TA = –30° to +80°C. industrial and portable equipment. Applications include direct monitoring of the MPU/logic power supply used in appliance.5%) • Two Reset Output Types (Open Drain or Complementary Drive) • Programmable Output Delay by External Capacitor (100 ms typ.com 132 .5 V • Wide Input Voltage Range (0.0 2.0 µA typical.

DM–3. TO–92. SO–8 MC34164P–3. D–5. Standard Power Supply Supported 5. D–3. DM–5 TA = 0° to +70°C.0 to 10 Maximum Quiescent Q iescent Input Current 500 µA @ Vin = 5. The MC34164 series covers 5.3 0. SO–8 The MC34064 and MC34164 are two families of undervoltage sensing circuits specifically designed for use as reset controllers in microprocessor–based systems.0 V ± 10% 4. DM–5 TA = –40° to +85°C.0 to 12 MC34164/MC33164 3. Undervoltage Sense/Reset Controller Features MC34X64 devices are specified to operate from 0° to +70°C. The table summarizes critical parameters of both families. D–5. P–5.SMPSRM Supervisory Circuits (continued) Undervoltage Sensing Circuit MC34064P–5.09 7.2 Vref 3 (4) Gnd Table 1.com 133 .0 1. P–5.0 V ± 5% 2. TO–92. and industrial equipment. SO–8 MC33164P–3.0 V MPU/ logic power supply used in appliance.0 to 12 http://onsemi. The two families of undervoltage sensing circuits taken together. Input 2 (2) Reset 1 (1) Pin numbers in parenthesis are for the D suffix package. TO–92.6 Typical Hysteresis Voltage (V) 0.0 V ± 10% and 3. They offer the designer an economical solution for low voltage detection with a single external resistor.0 V ± 5% system and features a tighter hysteresis specification. and a comparator with precise thresholds and built–in hysteresis to prevent erratic reset operation. DM–5 TA = –40° to +85°C.0 V 20 µA @ Vin = 5. consumer.7 0. SO–8 MC33064P–5.0 V ± 5% Typical Threshold Voltage (V) 4. D–3.02 Minimum Output Sink Current (mA) 10 Power Supply Input Inp t Voltage Range (V) 1.0 V ± 5% power supplies with significantly lower power consumption. The MC34064 fulfills the needs of a 5.06 6. The MC34164 is specifically designed for battery powered applications where low bias current (1/25th of the MC34064’s) is an important characteristic.0 V 15 µA @ Vin = 3. making them ideal for applications where extended battery life is required such as consumer products or hand held equipment. automotive.0 V Device MC34064/MC33064 Package TO–92 SO–8 TO–92 SO–8 TO–92 SO–8 MC34164/MC33164 5. 1. Both parts feature a trimmed bandgap reference. Applications include direct monitoring of the 5. DM–5 TA = 0° to +70°C. D–5. Key parameter specifications of the MC34164 family were chosen to complement the MC34064 series. cover the needs of the most commonly specified power supplies used in MCU/MPU systems. DM–3. and MC33X64 devices operate from –40° to +85°C.0 1. TO–92. D–5.

and industrial equipment. Each comparator channel can be configured as either inverting or noninverting by the Mode Select Input. a pinned out 2. SO–8 MC33161P.27 V Gnd 4 Output 2 5 Output 1 6 Vref 1 Mode Select 7 Input 1 2 Input 2 3 TRUTH TABLE Mode Select Pin 7 GND Vref VCC (>2. The minimum supply voltage needed for these devices to be fully functional is 2.54 V Reference – + 2.27 V Channel 2 0. D TA = –40° to +85°C. and two open collector outputs capable of sinking in excess of 10 mA. automotive.54 V Reference with Current Limit Protection • Low Standby Current • Open Collector Outputs for Enhanced Device Flexibility VCC 8 2.0 V for Negative Voltage Sensing • Pinned Out 2.0 V) Input 1 Pin 2 0 1 0 1 0 1 Output 1 Pin 6 0 1 0 1 1 0 Input 2 Pin 3 0 1 0 1 0 1 Output 2 Pin 5 0 1 1 0 1 0 Comments Channels 1 & 2: Noninverting Channel 1: Noninverting Channel 2: Inverting Channels 1 & 2: Inverting VCC 8 Input VS2 V4 V3 Gnd V1 V2 VCC Gnd –VS1 R4 R3 R2 R1 3 + VHys2 1 7 2 + + – 1.0 V for Positive Voltage Sensing and 4. These devices offer the circuit designer an economical solution for positive and negative voltage detection.com 134 .27 V 4 2.6 V POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE OVERVOLTAGE DETECTOR + Input –VS1 Output Voltage Pins 5.SMPSRM Supervisory Circuits (continued) Universal Voltage Monitor MC34161P.54 V reference. Applications include direct monitoring of positive and negative voltages used in appliance. MC33161 series are universal voltage monitors intended for use in a wide variety of voltage sensing applications.0 V for negative voltage sensing. The circuit consists of two comparator channels each with hysteresis.27 V + + – 1.8 V – + 0.54 V Reference Channel 1 2. under. and window detection of positive and negative voltages. • Unique Mode Select Input Allows Channel Programming • Over. D TA = 0° to +70°C.0 V for positive voltage sensing and 4. This allows over.6 V 1.8 V 1. Under. 751 The MC34161. 6 VHys1 6 LED “On” VS2 5 http://onsemi. and Window Voltage Detection • Positive and Negative Voltage Detection • Fully Functional at 2. consumer. a unique Mode Select Input for channel programming. Case 626. DIP–8.

. . . . . . . . . . . 33134 635900 SPAIN Madrid . . . . (781)932–9700 GERMANY Munich . . . . . . . . . . . . 39(2)82201 UNITED KINGDOM Aylesbury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52(36)78–0750 PHILIPPINES Manila . . . . . . . 972–9–9522333 THAILAND Bangkok . . . . . . . . . . (256)464–6800 CANADA ONTARIO Ottawa . . . . . . (612)932–1500 INDIA Bangalore . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 1 (296)395252 TEXAS Dallas . . . . . . . . . . . . (770)729–7100 SINGAPORE Singapore . . . . . . . . . 852–2–610–6888 SWEDEN Stockholm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91–80–5598615 TAIWAN Taipei . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (787)641–4100 GEORGIA Atlanta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86–10–65642288 Guangzhou . . . . . . . . . . . . . (847)413–2500 FRANCE Paris . . . . . . . . . . 55(011)3030–5244 MEXICO Guadalajara . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (813)524–4177 CHINA Beijing . . . . . . . . . . . (65)4818188 ILLINOIS Chicago . . 86–20–87537888 Shanghai . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Petersberg . (949)753–7360 San Jose . . . . . . . . . (215)957–4100 ITALY Milan . . . . . 886(2)27058000 NORTH CAROLINA Raleigh . . 86–21–63747668 PUERTO RICO San Juan . . . . . 81–3–5487–8345 http://onsemi. . . . . . . . . . . . . (248)347–6800 HONG KONG Hong Kong . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SMPSRM ON SEMICONDUCTOR WORLDWIDE SALES OFFICES UNITED STATES ALABAMA Huntsville . . . . . . . . . (919)870–4355 ISRAEL Tel Aviv . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34(1)457–8254 MASSACHUSETTS Boston . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (408)749–0510 QUEBEC Montreal . . . . . . . . . .com 135 . . . . . . . . (63)2 807–8455 FLORIDA St. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34(1)457–8204 or . . . . (514)333–3300 MALAYSIA Penang . . . . . . . 82–2–3440–7200 CALIFORNIA Irvine . . 60(4)228–2514 COLORADO Denver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (613)226–3491 INTERNATIONAL (continued) KOREA Seoul . 66(2)254–4910 PENNSYLVANIA Philadelphia/Horsham . . . (972)516–5100 JAPAN Tokyo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (303)337–3434 INTERNATIONAL BRAZIL Sao Paulo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 89 92103–0 MICHIGAN Detroit . . . . . . . 46(8)734–8800 MINNESOTA Minnetonka . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Some Selector Guides are published in book format and contain previously published information. PRODUCT PREVIEW A Product Preview is a summary document for a product/device under consideration or in the early stages of development. USER’S GUIDE A User’s Guide contains procedural. using second–person singular (you) than is found in Reference Manuals * May contain photographs and detailed line drawings rather than simple illustrations that are often found in Reference Manuals POCKET GUIDE A Pocket Guide is a pocket–sized document that contains technical reference information. or MC qualified. and while it may be informally referred to as a “data sheet. ENGINEERING BULLETIN An Engineering Bulletin is a writeup that typically focuses on a single specific solution for a particular engineering or programming issue involving one or several devices. APPLICATION NOTE An Application Note is a document that contains real–world application information about how a specific ON Semiconductor device/product is used with other ON Semiconductor or vendor parts/software to address a particular technical issue. Specifications and information herein are subject to change without notice.” ADVANCE INFORMATION The Advance Information document is for a device that is NOT fully MC–qualified. The Advance Information document is replaced with the Technical Data document once the device/part becomes fully MC–qualified. The Product Preview exists only until an “Advance Information” document is published that replaces it. X.. A document called “Application–Specific Information” is not the same as an Application Note.SMPSRM ON SEMICONDUCTOR STANDARD DOCUMENT TYPE DEFINITIONS REFERENCE MANUAL A Reference Manual is a publication that contains a comprehensive system or device–specific description of the structure and function (operation) of a particular part/system. used overwhelmingly to describe the functionality of a microprocessor. http://onsemi. task–oriented instructions for using or running a device or product. or some other sub–micron sized device. SELECTOR GUIDE A Selector Guide is a tri–fold (or larger) document published on a regular basis (usually quarterly) by many.com 136 . The Product Preview displays the following disclaimer at the bottom of the first page: “ON Semiconductor reserves the right to change or discontinue this product without notice. The Technical Data document is also a more comprehensive document that either of its earlier incarnations. This document displays no disclaimer. Parts and/or software must already exist and be available. microcontroller. alphabetized third–party vendors and their products. The Advance Information document displays the following disclaimer at the bottom of the first page: “This document contains information on a new product.e.” TECHNICAL DATA The Technical Data document is for a product/device that is in full production (i. Procedural information in a Reference Manual is limited to less than 40 percent (usually much less).” it is not labeled as such. alphabetized instruction set. It replaces the Advance Information document and represents a part that is M. divisions. The Technical Data document is virtually the same document as the Product Preview and the Advance Information document with the exception that it provides information that is unavailable for a product in the early phases of development (such as complete parametric characterization data). ADDENDUM A documentation Addendum is a supplemental publication that contains missing information or replaces preliminary information in the primary publication it supports. alphabetized registers. in nature * Volume of information is typically less than for Reference Manuals * Usually written more in active voice. that contains key line–item. if not all. A User’s Guide differs from a Reference Manual in the following respects: * Majority of information (> 60%) is procedural. Addendums end with the next revision of the primary document. fully released). not functional. XC. etc. device–specific information for particular product families. pinouts. Individual addendum items are published cumulatively. Types of information commonly found in pocket guides include block diagrams. The Product Preview is often used as the first section or chapter in a corresponding reference manual.

SCILLC products are not designed. SCILLC is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. please contact your local Sales Representative ASIA/PACIFIC: LDC for ON Semiconductor . Amercian Technical Support: 800-282-9855 Toll Free USA/Canada For additional information. affiliates. any claim of personal injury or death associated with such unintended or unauthorized use. or authorized for use as components in systems intended for surgical implant into the body. “Typical” parameters which may be provided in SCILLC data sheets and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications and actual performance may vary over time. Japan Customer Focus Center 4-32-1 Nishi-Gotanda. SCILLC does not convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of others. including “Typicals” must be validated for each customer application by customer’s technical experts.com SMPSRM/D . and specifically disclaims any and all liability. employees.Asia Support Phone: 303-675-2121 (Tue-Fri 9:00am to 1:00pm Hong Kong Time) Email: ONlit-asia@hibbertco.O. SCILLC makes no warranty.ON Semiconductor and are trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries. Buyer shall indemnify and hold SCILLC and its officers. PUBLICATION ORDERING INFORMATION USA/EUROPE Literature Fulfillment: Literature Distribution Center for ON Semiconductor P. or for any other application in which the failure of the SCILLC product could create a situation where personal injury or death may occur. LLC (SCILLC). damages. even if such claim alleges that SCILLC was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of the part. and expenses. and distributors harmless against all claims. representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose. consequential or incidental damages. Japan 141-8549 Phone: 81-3-5487-8345 Email: r14153@onsemi. or other applications intended to support or sustain life. subsidiaries. Denver. Tokyo. intended. Should Buyer purchase or use SCILLC products for any such unintended or unauthorized application. and reasonable attorney fees arising out of. SCILLC reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products herein. Shinagawa-ku. costs.com Fax Response Line: 303-675-2167 800-344-3810 Toll Free USA/Canada N. Box 5193. Colorado 80217 USA Phone: 303-675-2175 or 800-344-3860 Toll Free USA/Canada Fax: 303-675-2176 or 800-344-3867 Toll Free USA/Canada Email: ONlit@hibbertco.com ON Semiconductor Website: http://onsemi. All operating parameters. directly or indirectly.com JAPAN: ON Semiconductor. nor does SCILLC assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit. including without limitation special.

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