Dec.

2001

Wirsbo Tap Water System
Basic Manual

Contents

Page Introduction...................................................................................................... 4 Chapter 1 System description The Wirsbo Tap Water System......................................................................... 5 Wirsbo-PEX pipe .............................................................................................. 5 Easy to install ................................................................................................... 6 Security against water damage ...................................................................... 6 Wirsbo conduit ................................................................................................. 7 Marking and identification .............................................................................. 7 Longitudinal expansion................................................................................... 7 Longitudinal contraction (shrinkage) ............................................................. 8 Joining methods .............................................................................................. 8 Calculation principles Water flow demand ......................................................................................... 9 Design flow...................................................................................................... 10 Velocity of flow ................................................................................................ 11 Hot water circulation (HWC) .......................................................................... 11 Pressure drop .................................................................................................. 11 Generally ......................................................................................................... 13 Diagrams and tables Pressure drop nomograms ............................................................................ 14 Heat emission loss.......................................................................................... 16 Working pressure/temperature ...................................................................... 18 Thermal expansion.......................................................................................... 19 Calculation methods Calculation example 1 .................................................................................... 20 Calculation example 2 .................................................................................... 22 Installation methods/directions Traditional method.......................................................................................... 25 Manifold system ............................................................................................. 25 Conduit ”Pipe-in-Pipe” system ...................................................................... 26 Securing the conduit ...................................................................................... 26 Location of the manifolds .............................................................................. 27 Location of the pipes ...................................................................................... 28 Installation in concrete structures ................................................................. 28 Installation in wooden structures .................................................................. 29 Installation in single-family houses............................................................... 29 Installation in a block of flats ......................................................................... 30 Installation in basements and ceilings.......................................................... 30 Installation not allowing for thermal expansion .......................................... 31 Installation allowing for thermal expansion................................................. 32 Fixing and clamping pipes on to a rack ........................................................ 32 Installation in a vertical pipe duct.................................................................. 33 Expansion compensating devices ................................................................. 34 Calculation of a flexible arm and expansion loop........................................ 34

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

2 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual

Page Chapter 6 General directions Storage and general care ............................................................................... 36 Uncoiling the pipe........................................................................................... 36 Method of cutting ........................................................................................... 36 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting .................................................................. 37 Assembling a compression fitting ................................................................. 38 Assembling a WIPEX Coupling ...................................................................... 39 Minor repairs................................................................................................... 40 Inserting a PE-X pipe into a conduit .............................................................. 41 Replacing a damaged pipe............................................................................. 42 Pipe bending ................................................................................................... 44 Minimum bend radius .................................................................................... 44 Filling the system............................................................................................ 44 Pressure test.................................................................................................... 44 Fire protection ................................................................................................. 45 Wirsbo-PEX Technical data............................................................................. 46 Quality Assurance, tap water approvals ....................................................... 47 Conversion tables ........................................................................................... 49 List of figures, tables and diagrams Figures ............................................................................................................. 55 Tables................................................................................................................ 56 Diagrams ......................................................................................................... 56

Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10

Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 3

Introduction

This manual will give basic information regarding the design of tap water systems incorporating Wirsbo-PEX pipes and is intended mainly for use in the design of systems for apartments and houses. Wirsbo systems are easy to install and calculation principles, with the exception of material and installation costs, are the same as for other systems. However it is recommended that design and installation be carried out by experienced personnel. Local authority regulations in any case govern the kind of persons authorised to carry out this work, which in most instances will be certified plumbers. Moreover, although recommendations given here are in general based on Nordic norms (NKB), individual requirements specific to the country concerned should be taken in to account where necessary. In the case of high-rise buildings such as hotels or offices, necessary additional information is available from Uponor Wirsbo AB or one of our many agents and distributors throughout the world. Uponor Wirsbo AB

© Uponor Wirsbo AB, Sweden in December 2001. Reprinting, copying or any kind of reproduction is allowed provided the source of the material is mentioned.

4 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual

Chapter 1
System description
The Wirsbo Tap Water System For years, selecting a tap water system was done in a routine fashion. Choice of material was limited, and attention was paid only to basic requirements. Today, selecting a tap water system involves taking into consideration a wider range of aspects. Although the purpose is the same, a modern tap water system has a number of additional features, features which have a direct impact on the overall performance of a system. As in other aspects of modern life, development and improvement are continuous. Wirsbo piping systems are by no means new on the market. These have been developed and improved on since 1972. Wirsbo offers a complete system for domestic hot and cold water. The system consists of a wide range of pipes and accessories. It is clean, easy to install and flexible. Being flexible means for example, that longer lengths of pipe can be installed, resulting in fewer joints and less associated installation work. The Wirsbo Tap Water System includes components for installation in new buildings as well as in renovation projects, and is suitable for concealed runs in building structures of wood, concrete and brick, and for exposed runs in basements or ceilings. Wirsbo-PEX is a pipe for hot and cold water applications. The pipes are made from cross-linked high-density polyethylene (PE-X) in accordance with the Engel process. Cross-linking is a process which changes the chemical structure of the plastic material in such a way that the polymer chains are connected with each other to form a strong three-dimensional net of chemical bonds.

Wirsbo-PEX pipe

Figure 1 Molecule chain for a cross-linked polyethylene pipe

The new chemical structure makes it impossible to melt or dissolve the polymer, without first destroying its structure. Wirsbo-PEX pipes are therefore suitable for use at pressures and temperatures for which previously only metal pipes were appropriate. In addition, Wirsbo-PEX pipes have a unique elasticity. Thus, when expanded, a pipe will always strive to resume its original dimension (unless it is expanded beyond the breakpoint which is over 300%). Using this feature for example means that pipes can be simply and securely connected to each other (see joining methods below).

Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 5

or add any harmful substances to the drinking water. Wirsbo-PEX does not give off taste and smell. The pipe material also boasts the advantage of not being affected by high flow velocities or by low pH-valued water (aggressive water). Thus any water leakage. such as the manifold cabinets. Nor is it affected by building materials such as concrete. The internal diameter will not be reduced due to corrosion or to sediment build-up that can often occur in metal pipes.Wirsbo-PEX pipes have excellent long-term properties and are proof against corrosion. will be carried and discharged beyond the building structure and will be detected at an early stage. Security against water damage 6 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . Water hammer in fact is reduced to one third compared with traditional metal pipes. gypsum. lime mortar. Figure 2 Wirsbo-PEX pipe Note • Prevent tape. the various cabinets in the Wirsbo range. Furthermore the pipes are delivered in coils for easy transportation and handling. due for example to a pipe being damaged by a misplaced nail. etc. Wirsbo-PEX pipes have a very high resistance to chemicals and are thus resistant to chemical additives in water. a protective outer pipe. They are light and flexible and there is no need for high-temperature operations such as soldering or welding. The material used for Wirsbo-PEX pipes is elastic and has a shockabsorbing effect in situations such as when a mixing tap is suddenly shut off. which can be installed in a single seamless length around the water-bearing pipe from the manifold all the way to the draw-off point (a ”pipe in pipe” system). Connecting a Wirsbo-PEX pipe is made simple using Wirsbo Quick & Easy couplings and the pipe can be easily cut and bent by hand. are fitted with leakage indicators. This is because the pipes are channelled through a conduit. • Since UV radiation affects the pipe. paint and sealing compounds containing plasticizers and other products containing solvents from coming into contact with the pipe as the compositions in these products affect the long-term properties of the pipe negatively. In addition as a further guarantee against damage. Easy to install Wirsbo-PEX pipes have many features that simplify the installation work. a Wirsbo-PEX pipe should not be stored or installed in such a way as to be exposed to sunlight (UV radiation). Wirsbo tap water pipes can be safely placed in concealed locations within building structures because they offer security against water damage.

day Figure 4 The marking on Wirsbo-PEX pipe DIN standard specifying pressure and temperature rating The name of the product Production monitoring authority Manufacturing process (Engel) Longitudinal expansion Compared to metal pipes. If a ”pipe in pipe” system is installed in concealed pipe runs. with the relevant production monitoring authority. Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 7 . and continuous metre marks.Wirsbo conduit The conduit itself is corrugated. longitudinal expansion is taken up in the space between the water-bearing pipe and the conduit. the expansion forces are transmitted to expansion compensating devices or to the structure of the building via anchor points. wall thickness. which makes it highly flexible and gives it a high load-bearing capacity. As well as ensuring against water damage. They are also marked with the current standard. In exposed pipe runs. Dimension (outside diameter and wall thickness) Approval for tap water in Germany Identification: material. outer diameter. installation technique and health requirements. it also provides mechanical protection and allows for the substitution of an accidentally-damaged water pipe. Wirsbo-PEX pipes have a high longitudinal expansion (although associated expansion forces are low). machine. together with a type approval label and depending on the type of pipe. Figure 3 Conduit pipe Marking and identification Wirsbo pipes are always marked with the product name. month. date of manufacture. year. Wirsbo-PEX tap water pipes are approved according to the relevant international standards with respect to material properties.

a tensile force will be built up. press fittings among others of various manufacture. WIPEX couplings are available for pipe dimensions.5%. Wirsbo-PEX pipes should be connected with approved fittings recommended by Wirsbo or any of our retailers. since the grip of the coupling on the pipe is stronger than any tensile force and the pipes are often laid somewhat slack. longitudinal shrinkage is normally not a problem. Wirsbo Quick & Easy (Q&E). based on the unique properties of the Wirsbo-PEX pipe.Longitudinal contraction (shrinkage) When a pipe has been in use for a while. used in tap water systems or in district heating installations. designed especially for connecting larger dimension Wirsbo-PEX pipes. the pressure and temperature of the water can drop and so the pipe may shrink longitudinally by up to 1. If the pipe is prevented from shrinking. Joining methods 8 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . mainly compression fittings. The WIPEX coupling is the other main coupling in Wirsbo’s assortment. A wide range of couplings and fittings are available for the easy and secure connection of plastic pipes. Note • For the safest couplings. A Wirsbo Quick & Easy joint is made by gradually expanding the pipe with a ring of PEX material fitted on its outside. The joints here are sealed with o-rings. Wirsbo has developed its own joining method. ranging from outer diameters of 32 mm up to 110 mm. This demonstrates the elastic properties of the PE-X material which always strives to resume its original shape as mentioned above and helps give Wirsbo Quick & Easy the reputation of being probably the most efficient and safe PE-X coupling available today. and then by allowing the pipe and support ring to shrink back onto the fitting nipple. However.

6 0.3 0. therefore the following figures should be verified with the relevant authorities in your area.1 0.5 Bath Wash basin Water closet Bidet Total flow rate Bathrooms are normally used by one person at a time. water closet and bidet the maximum flow.1 0.Chapter 2 Calculation principles Water flow demand The water flow requirements do vary in each country.1 – 0. Water flow demand l/s Nordic (NKB) prEN 806* 0. wash basin.1 0.13 0.10 0.2 0.4 1.07 0.1 0. according to Nordic norms.2 0. Therefore the maximum water flow would be 0. the largest volume of water being taken by the bath.20 Table 1 Water flow demand (* method 4) Application Water closet with flush tank Wash basin Shower Bath Sink Washing machine Bidet Example 1: Bathroom In a bathroom with bath tub.3 0.30 0.1 0.2 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 9 .6 Hot water (l/s) 0.3 l/s and used as design flow rate.20 0.1 0. is: Cold water (l/s) 0.3 0. a toilet and a kitchen: a) The bathroom is similar to the bathroom in example 1 b) The toilet has one water closet and one wash basin (only one used at a time) c) The kitchen has a sink and a washing machine The total flow rate in l/s to be considered for cold water is: a) Bathroom in example 1 b) WC and wash basin c) Sink and washing machine Total flow rate 0.2 0.1 0. Example 2: Apartment An apartment has a bathroom.15 0.2 0.

6 1.25 21.15 17.According to Nordic norms.71 1. office buildings and other large installations the above information should not be used. and accordingly reduced by a design factor.34 24.0 5.37 25.52 0.3 0.92 4.0 8.0 10.0 1.0 28.49 3.03 14. most faucets used in tap water installations have a predominantly short usage time (less than 15 minutes per 24 hours) and not all faucets are in use at the same time.60 1.44 0.00 13.50 0.0 1.48 0.55 4.49 0. Consultation with your local authority is recommended in these instances.1 1.52 1.8 3.5 11.58 Total flow 3.0 1.66 0.4 4.82 0.0 120.0 90.22 19.80 0.0 6.0 9.4 3.0 160.5 1.34 4.46 1.2 2. when the demand flow of an apartment is larger than 0.98 12.6 2.81 3.95 2.0 36.47 0.0 110.7 l/s for both cold and hot water supply.7 1.46 0.0 60.0 29.4 2. Total flow 0.28 22.64 0.0 1.71 0.60 1.0 Design flow 1.0 7.07 15.4 1.40 0.84 0.0 130.17 18.5 6.6 0.0 2.0 1.55 1.0 1.0 50.0 34.82 1.0 45.0 140.0 40.94 0.5 1.08 15.7 l/s.13 4.9 1.10 16. it is sufficient to calculate with 0.39 0.49 0.5 0.76 0.0 32.57 0.96 Total Design flow flow 12.51 0.0 1.0 1.70 3.54 0.08 2.41 0.0 1.6 4.86 0.53 0.5 1.3 1.0 170.62 0. If hot water is to be heated in the apartment.77 1.0 100.0 0.0 11.5 9.37 0.33 2. For this reason the design flow is based on the total flow (total volume required).5 7.2 4.63 0.23 20.5 Design flow 0.4 0.90 0.78 0.01 13.5 10.0 1.26 3.88 0.12 16.45 0.6 3.74 0.68 0.8 4.59 0.69 0.2 1.0 1.20 19.8 1.92 0.0 70. 10 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .18 18.0 Design flow 0.5 1.5 1.8 5.61 0.9 2.0 38.5 1.6 l/s.43 0.0 150.0 30.0 80.43 Total flow 27.35 0.04 3.0 4.5 1.42 0.0 1. Design flow In practice. The table below shows design flow (Nordic norms) according to various total flows.30 0. then the supply to the apartment should be 1.40 26.56 0.5 1.5 1.49 1.8 0.0 1.76 Table 2 Design flow Note • For hotels.7 0.5 8.67 0.31 23.05 14.0 1.65 0.0 1.57 2.2 3.13 17.

since water need not cool between tap usage and unwanted cold water need not therefore be drawn off. °C 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 Correction Factor 70°C 10°C 0.02 0. These are based on specific temperatures. Temp. limiting the velocity of flow to a maximum of 1. The pressure drop diagrams for Wirsbo-PEX pipes in the next chapter can now be used.99 l = 9.5 m/s.20 0.2 mm.76 0. Pressure drop Once the total flow (total volume required) in each main supply pipe has been calculated and the design flows have been determined. The water flow is 0. The pipe from the manifold to the faucet is a Wirsbo-PEX pipe of 16x2.1 l/s. Wirsbo-PEX pipes are not subject to this restriction.78 1.14 0. pressure requirements must then be considered before selecting a pipe dimension.00 Table 3 Correction factors Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 11 .1 l/s Thus the time of under 10 seconds is acceptable.Pressure drop With the use of copper pipes.96 1. etc.. flow metres.5 m/s is recommended.099 l/m.25 1. shut-off valves.91 1.80 1.00 0. there will be 0.10 0.Internal erosion . has to be taken into account when calculating these requirements. Hot water circulation (HWC) When designing a hot water system.Noise level . which reduces to a minimum the time between turning on the tap and the arrival of the hot water. 0. Example: The waiting time requirement is 10 seconds. consideration should be given to the installation of a circulation system.Water hammer . This not only saves time but also reduces water consumption. Since the distance is 10 m.87 1.2 mm is 0. fittings. Tap water system installations with Wirsbo-PEX pipes can be designed to a maximum calculated water velocity of 2.1 l/s) and the manifold is 10 m. Calculations based on other temperatures are subject to a correction factor as shown in the table below. The following example shows the method for calculating the time with the hot water circulating relatively close to the manifold. The pressure drop in valves.98 0. The distance between the faucet (wash basin.99 l in the pipe between the connection points.9 s 0.95 0.84 1. The internal volume of a Wirsbo-PEX pipe of 16x2.82 1. 0.Velocity of flow Velocity of flow in a tap water system has a direct influence on: .05 0. mixers.

65 0.80 2.25 0.49 0.59 0. is a marked value for pressure drop in each column.94 4. 50 and 63 mm can be used.23 1.Pressure drop kPa/m 70°C Flow l/s 0.10 0.94 1.74 2.14 1.58 3.00 9.25 7.60 3.09 3.8 Pipe Dimension. The pipe length is 20 m and the pressure drop must not exceed 40 kPa.74 Table 4 Pressure drop for various WirsboPEX pipe dimensions at 70°C 0.20 1.19 0.20 = 35.00 10.49 0.9 75x10.00 12.20 0.87 4.84 1.30 0.49 kPa/m.7 90x12.31 7.00 1. 12 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .00 1.69 2.37 0.27 20x2.87 5.15 0.10 6.67 0.13 0.3 110x15.00 3.35 0.93 6.70 0.50 4.03 4.63 0.90 2. This marking indicates the pressure drop level for the maximum recommended velocity of 2.06 1.49 = 29.64 0.80 2.5 40x5.39 7.18 3.51 0.28 Explanation: For each marked value of flow in table 4.1 25x3.22 0.01 2.78 0.45 0.08 2.10 4.30 9.41 1.00 16.10 7.2 1.78 1.40 0.51 0.5 m/s.8 kPa However.00 5.36 0.87 5.50 5.8 x 1.8 kPa The value above is therefore acceptable.20 10.63 0.54 1.00 6. Pipe sizes of 63 mm give a pressure drop of 1.10 3.35 1.13 1.78 0.85 1.80 0.40 1.50 0.91 1.02 1.43 0.62 0.28 0.90 1. mm 32x4.00 8.00 12x2 5.31 0.26 0.4 50x6.45 1.00 7.35 3.79 16x2.96 2.93 3.76 3.11 2.00 14.41 1.64 12.11 1.90 8.00 4.00 2.24 0.87 1. From the table above we can see that pipe sizes 40.44 0.83 0.34 0.31 4.27 0.78 19. The length of the pipe is 20 m so the pressure drop would be: 20 x 1.74 1.32 1.54 0. the correction factor in table 3 must be used since the pipe will be used for cold water: 29.00 20.38 10.00 18.52 5.61 0.94 1.27 0.60 1.72 2.20 1.60 0.97 0.49 2.5 63x8.68 11.30 0.3 1.13 2.50 3. Example: The total flow for a cold water supply pipe (20°C) is 5 l/s.

Conclusion: Wirsbo-PEX 20x2.to ex 1 in section 2.1) 2 6 24 57 86 213 Table 5 Indication of required WirsboPEX pipe dimension Pipe dimension mm 20x2. ”Water flow demand”.4 3.Generally 1. 4.8 mm is sufficient for these two bathrooms. A. 2.4 40x5. Conclusion: Wirsbo-PEX 25x3. Conclusion: Wirsbo-PEX 40x5. hoisting height and available pressure.9 mm.5 127. rules and tables shown in this manual. The pressure drop for fittings supplied in the Wirsbo Tap Water System is equivalent to a pipe length of less than 0.to ex 2 in section 2.2 34.2 51. The design flow for a room is the maximum volume needed to supply the faucet which requires the maximum flow.8 25x3.5 50x6. 3. (0. The values in the table are based on the examples. Number of Apartments (acc. ”Water flow demand”. Example 2: Dimension a supply pipe for two bathrooms of the same sort as in example 1 in Chapter 2. Select Wirsbo-PEX 50x6. Total flow l/s 1. There are occasions where approximations can be useful for selecting a pipe dimension.5 m.9 63x8. Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 13 .5 32x4. The following table gives an indication of the required Wirsbo-PEX pipe dimension considering three various selection criteria. When a pipe dimension is selected the common acceptable value is 1-10 kPa/m (10-100 H2O).5 mm is sufficient for 29 apartments but not for 30. In bathrooms this is normally the bath tub.1) 1 3 12 29 43 107 B.5 for WIPEX). Number of bathrooms (acc. Note • You have to consider the pipe length.7 C.1 m for Wirsbo Q&E and 0. Example 3: Dimension a supply pipe for a total flow of 3 l/s.9 Example1: Dimension a supply pipe for 30 apartments of the same sort as in example 2 in Chapter 2.7 14.5 mm is sufficient for this flow.

76 80 0.7 x8 50 m m 12.0 20 0.5 x4 .5 1.5 3.2 0.0 10 100 kPa/m Correction factors for other temperatures Temperature °C Factor 90 0.1 x2 .75 m/s 12 0.1 1 .84 40 0.0 MPa 90°C 14 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .01 0.9 5.0 1.0 10.82 50 0.0 x6 .0 x2 1.6 0.01 0.87 30 0.3 0.15 0.25 2.4 0.5 4.0 MPa 90°C l/s 100 Water temperature 10°C 10 63 1 .Chapter 3 Diagrams and tables Pressure drop nomogram Wirsbo-PEX 1.25 0.2 1.0 x 40 32 7.00 Diagram 1 Pressure drop nomogram Wirsbo-PEX 1.5 0.91 20 0.8 2.4 6.80 60 0.96 10 1.0 16 x2 .1 0.0 5.78 70 0.0 25 x3 .

01 0.5 1.0 2.05 40 1.Pressure drop nomogram Wirsbo-PEX 0.6 MPa 90°C l/s 100 Water temperature 70°C 10 0 11 0m x1 90 x8 m .2 x2 0.75 1.9 x5 .0 20 0.25 Diagram 2 Pressure drop nomogram Wirsbo-PEX 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 kPa/m Correction factors for other temperatures Temperature °C Factor 90 0.0 1.0 75 63 1 50 40 x3 .02 50 1.3 0.6 0.20 10 1.6 10.14 20 1.7 x3 .00 60 1.3 2.2 x6 .95 80 0.0 x2 .0 7.10 30 1.25 0.0 m/s 16 0.6 MPa 90°C Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 15 .0 12.0 6.4 0.0 5.98 70 1.5 0.25 1.0 32 25 x2 .1 .8 x4 .5 3.0 4.

The diagrams show heat emission loss for Wirsbo-PEX pipes rated 1 MPa.Heat emission loss Heat emission loss can be calculated according to the formula in figure 5. 3 1 = Piping wall 2 = Insulating layer 3 = Insulating layer T= Q + T2 π d4 α2 Q T d λ α l = = = = = = W °C m W/m °K W/m2 °K m Q= π · (T1-T2)· l 1 α1d1 + 1 α2d4 + 1 2λ1 ln d2 d1 + 1 2λ2 ln d3 d2 + 1 2λ3 ln d4 d3 16 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . d2 d3 d4 d1 λ1 α1 T1 T2 λ2 λ3 α2 Surface temperature T 1 2 Figure 5 Heat loss from a pipe based upon a length of 1 metre. 90°C.ambient). 90°C and 0.6 MPa. Temperature difference (water .

6 MPa 90°C W/m 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 110x10 90x8.0 MPa 90°C W/m 140 40x5.0 40 63x8.0 MPa 90°C Heat emission loss Wirsbo-PEX 0.7 32x3.0 16x2.4 100 25x3.7 50x6.5 80 20x2.3 20x2.8 50x4.8 16x2.8 40x3.2 75x6.5 120 32x4.2 12x2.Heat emission loss Wirsbo-PEX 1.9 mm 63x5.9 mm 60 20 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 °C Diagram 3 Heat emission loss Wirsbo-PEX 1.0 80 °C Diagram 4 Heat emission loss Wirsbo-PEX 0.6 MPa 90°C Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 17 .0 25x2.

°C 80 Time at Tmax.3 = Safecty factor 1. at Tmal. The service conditions with safety factors for 10 bar (class 2. must be used for calucation purposes for this period. and therefore.3 20 S = 3. Pressure (bar) 30 Sf 1. Dimension series Table 6 Service conditions with safety factors Operative temp. Time temp.2 should be installed in a hot water supply system with a maximum design pressure of 10 bar.2 Typical field of application Hot water supply Note • Systems are not always in operation throughout their 50-year service life. when calculating the projected service life to ensure that it equates with the actual service life. allowance must be made for the time the system is not in use. • Pipes in series 3.2 (10 bar at 95°C) and series S = 5 (6 bar at 95°C) at different continuous temperatures. A temperature of 20°C. Years 1 Malfunc. hot water supply. Tmal °C Hours 95 100 3. Pipes in dimension series 5 should be installed in a hot water supply system with a maximum design pressure of 6 bar. °C 70 Time at Top Years 49 Max. temp. 18 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .Working pressure/ temperature The following diagram shows the applicable working pressure for Wirsbo-PEX pipes series S = 3. 70°C) are specified below. Tmax. approximating to room temperature. Top.2 10 S=5 Diagram 5 Working pressure as a function of temperature for normal hot water use 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Temperature °C ISO/DIS 15875 is the standard documentation which classifies service conditions for plastic pipes and fittings for hot and cold water systems.

mm/m 25 20 15 10 5 Diagram 6 Thermal expansion 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Temperature.Thermal expansion The diagram below shows the thermal expansion of a Wirsbo-PEX pipe as a function of the temperature. °C This diagram is used in the example on page 35. Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 19 . Expansion.

2 3 1.8 2 2.30 1.01 1.1 kPa/m 7.2 kPa (9.2 kPa 20 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . Calculation example 1 Example 1 shows a pressure loss calculation for the dimensioning of a riser in a small-size building.01 3.0 1 The basic criteria required for pressure loss calculations: A five floor building A bathroom on each floor Each floor has a height of 3 m The available water pressure at ground level is 400 kPa (hypothetical figure) The pressure loss through the heater is 100 kPa (hypothetical figure) The pressure loss in every faucet is 50 kPa (hypothetical figure) Step 1 Calculate the known pressure loss Pressure loss in the heater Pressure loss due to the force of gravity Pressure loss in each faucet 100 kPa 147.Chapter 4 Calculation methods In this chapter we will show two calculation examples to do with risers.1 0.81 x 3 m x 5 floors) 50 kPa 297. l/s 0.3 0.6 l/s 0. For the sake of simplicity any pressure loss through manifolds and fittings has been omitted since it would have an insignificant effect upon calculations.4 Heater M Figure 6 Outline drawing of an installation P0 3.52 5 4 1.1 0.

58 l/s. (NKB).06 7.01 Pressure loss (kPa) 29. the average pressure loss/m was calculated at 5.5 mm. Pressure loss kPa/m 1.77 kPa/m.8 2.1 0.07 4.2 kPa The maximum pressure loss is a function of the flow requirement.35 1.3 0. The total flow will thus be 3. the required flow for every bathroom is 0.2 16x2.2 Flow (l/s) 0. Here for example are comparison values obtained from the tables for a dimension of 25 x 3. In this case 0.54 0.6 1.58 Total flow l/s 0.Step 2 Calculate the average pressure loss/m of the riser This calculation gives an indication of the pressure loss when a pipe dimension is to be selected.1 0.50 0. That is why a comparison of pressure loss for all the outlets in the bathroom should be made. If we select a pipe dimension of 25x3. By using table 2 and then table 4 the value of the pressure loss in the riser can be determined. ”Design flow”) we know the design flow is 0.01 1. This should not be exceeded.5 mm this will give a pressure loss of 2.8 kPa = 5. Thus 102.45 0. ”Pressure drop”) will give an indication of a suitable pipe dimension.14 kPa/m.01 1.44 2.3 kPa/m for a Wirsbo-PEX pipe of 16x2. However.3 l/s.1 Pressure loss/m (kPa/m) 7. From table 2 (Chapter 2.4 3. In step 2.2 1.3 l/s and gives a pressure loss of 7.2 mm.04 Table 7 Calculated pressure loss for all outlets in the bathroom Step 4 Calculate the pressure loss in the riser According to Nordic norms. The pressure loss will therefore be: 7.77 Design flow l/s 0. Approximate pipe length = 15 m (3 m x 5 floors) + 5 m (bathrooms) = 20 m The average pressure loss will be the difference between the available pressure from the pump (400 kPa) and the known pressure loss (297. Using this value in table 4 (Chapter 2.2 16x2.2 16x2. the riser must be dimensioned for the total flow rate of each bathroom.30 1.11 2.0 Table 8 Values based on total flow Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 21 . pipe dimension and pipe length.2 kPa).6 l/s. which is 102. Outlet Bath Wash basin Toilet Bidet Distance to manifold (m) 4 6 7 4 Pipe dim (mm) 16x2.3 kPa/m x 4 m = 29.39 0.2 6. It is not always the outlet with the highest water flow requirement that gives the maximum pressure loss. The distance from the manifold to the draw-off point is 4 m.14 kPa/m 20 m Step 3 Calculate the maximum pressure loss in the bathroom The maximum flow in the bathroom comes from supply to the bath which is 0.0 l/s.74 2.8 kPa.

Calculation example 2 Example 2 shows a pressure loss calculation for the dimensioning of a riser in a small size building with water supplied from a storage tank on top of the building. Comments It is worth noting that the pipes themselves only account for about 18% of the pressure loss.4 5 l/s 0.52 4 1.01 1.1 kPa/m 7.3 0. there is sufficient pressure for the water supply.22 kPa 6.44 kPa/m x 3 m = 2.31 kPa 31.8 3 1.01 3.63 kPa kPa kPa kPa (<400 kPa) Since the pressure loss is lower than the available pressure (a difference of 42.05 kPa 5.6 1 The basic criteria required for pressure loss calculations.74 kPa/m x 3 m = 2. A five floor building A bathroom on each floor Each floor has a height of 3 m The height from the water surface in the storage tank to the highest located faucet is 9 m The pressure loss of the faucet is 50 kPa (hypothetical figure) 22 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .32 kPa 8.35 kPa/m x 3 m = 1.20 29.1 0.1 0.23 357. Storage 3. 1.0 2.37 kPa).The total pressure loss in the riser. If the pressure loss had been greater than available pressure.11 kPa/m x 3 m = 2.33 kPa 7.23 kPa Step 5 Add together the calculated pressure loss Known pressure loss (step 1) Maximum pressure loss (step 3) Pressure loss in riser (step 4) 297.30 1. a larger pipe diameter would have been used.20 31.77 kPa/m x 3 m = 4.2 2 M Figure 7 Outline drawing of an installation P0 0.

This final check is intended to: a) Ascertain if the available pressure is sufficient to supply the required flow to the 4th floor.38 kPa For Wirsbo-PEX 32x4.81 x 9 m = 88.4 kPa Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 23 . a larger pipe diameter would have had to be used. as the riser descends.72 kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa There is sufficient pressure available to supply water to the bathroom.58 l/s.50.2 kPa.The pressure loss is then: 0.8 kPa/m x 3 m = 2.7.38 .4 Table 9 Values based on total flow Step 3 Calculate the maximum pressure loss in the nearest bathroom As the water tank is located on top of the building. This bathroom is the same as the one in the previous example.82 kPa/m for 0.72 Design flow l/s 0. The calculated pressure loss will thus be 29.4 mm pipe. the nearest bathroom will be on the top floor.30 .82 kPa/m x 9 m = 7.54 Total flow l/s 3.82 0. if the pressure loss had been greater than the available pressure. In this example the vertical distance to the nearest manifold is 9 m.0 2.4 mm Pressure loss kPa/m 0.29. The pressure loss from the riser is: 0.20 .Step 1 Calculate the minimum available pressure from the water tank The minimum available pressure is the pressure in the manifold nearest the water tank.3 kPa Step 2 Calculate the pressure loss from the water tank down to the nearest bathroom If we calculate initially for a 32x4. Step 4 Calculate if the available pressure is sufficient to supply the bathroom on the top floor Available pressure Pressure loss in riser Pressure loss in bathroom Pressure loss in faucet 88. Thus the available pressure is: 9. Again. using the same tables (tables 2 and 4) as in example 1 will give a pressure loss of 0. The vertical pipe length to be calculated for is 9 m.00 1. Step 5 Check the available pressure for the floors below the top floor Due to the force of gravity.58 0. the available pressure will increase for every floor below the top floor.

33 5. If so this would indicate that a reduction in pipe size is necessary to limit the pressure. 24 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .05 17.8 1.72 kPa Comment: The available pressure is in fact excessive so that the dimension of the riser should be reduced from the 4th floor downwards in order to reduce the pressure in the system.45 0. For Wirsbo-PEX 25x3.5 mm Pressure loss kPa/m 2. b) Ascertain if the available pressure on the bottom floor is excessive.25 4.16 6. the available pressure will be sufficient for the demand flow on the 4th floor.81 x 12 m = 117.43 kPa Since the pressure increase is higher than the pressure loss.11 1.74 1.50 0.79 kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa The pressure increase is: 9.74 kPa/m x 3 m = 1.72 kPa/m x 3 m = 2.81 x 3 m = 29.39 Total flow l/s 1.35 kPa/m x 3 m = 2.35 Design flow l/s 0.11 kPa/m x 3 m = 1.2 0.6 Table 10 Values based on total flow The pressure loss from the riser is: 0.The pressure increase due to the force of gravity is: 9.

Furthermore fewer pipe dimensions and fittings allow for easier stock keeping and save on installation time and labour costs. the risk of leakage from joints is considerably reduced and there are no awkward connections within the walls. which simplifies design and installation work. a ”Tee system”. because of the various pipe dimensions and the large number of corresponding fittings. The advantage with this installation method is that it does use less piping than the manifold system described below. Since also there are no other draw-off points on the same supply pipe. Furthermore. Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 25 . there are temperature and pressure variations due to the fact that one supply pipe normally has more than one draw-off point.Chapter 5 Installation methods/directions Traditional method Figure 8 Traditional method with 16 joints The Wirsbo Tap Water System can be installed in the same fashion as a traditional system made of metal pipes i. from a larger one at the beginning of the system to a smaller one at the end. It can be designed with one single pipe dimension from the manifold to the draw-off point. stock keeping is more complicated on-site. Manifold system The manifold system does not present any of the above-mentioned difficulties. there are more connection points than with the manifold system and these are often inaccessibly situated within the walls. which is why calculations are needed to determine the various pipe sizes. Most engineers wish to reduce the pipe dimension. The design work for example is more complicated. With connection points only at the manifold and the faucet. the traditional method has some inherent disadvantages that should be taken into consideration.e. However. Also. pressure and temperature variations are minimal when faucets are turned on and off in varying sequences. In addition.

Securing the conduit 26 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . in a concealed pipe run. an accidentally damaged length of pipe can be substituted from within the conduit without causing structural harm in the process. a timber floor structure or in a pipe duct should not be secured above an interval of 1000 mm (as measured from the centre of the clips). there may be occasions when extra precautions against damage from leakage within the construction of a building are required. • Where the pipe run bends. it will make easier the removal of the water pipe at a later stage if this should prove necessary. the conduit should be fastened at either side of the bend.Figure 9 Manifold system with 10 joints Conduit ”Pipe-in-Pipe” system Although a properly installed Wirsbo piping system is secure from leakage. will meet these requirements. In addition. Securing to timber studs and joists is done with nailed clips placed at suitable intervals and with straps or securing plates. particularly so if run in wooden structures. This not only simplifies the insertion of the water pipe into the conduit as required. However please note the following: • Conduits running in stud walls. Different local standards and regulations or simply the demands of the purchaser may require this. • Pipes run at right angles through studs or wooden frames should be secured to these by securing plates. Pipes should be secured to concrete structures with tying wire. the factory prefabricated Wirsbo-PEX pipe within a conduit. This too will help minimise noise. Using a manifold system in conjunction with Wirsbo Pipe-in-Pipe. With Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-Pipe. Conduits should be properly secured. However if so desired. any leakage caused by accidental damage is retained within the conduit and easily detected after being carried safely beyond the building structure. without the complicating Tee-joints of a traditional pipe system. • When studs or joists are spaced 600 mm apart they should be secured at every other stud or joist. the conduit may be installed separately with the water pipe being inserted at a later stage. but also helps reduce any noise from water hammer and pipe expansion. Note that Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-Pipe should be laid with the fewest possible bends and the largest possible bend radii. specially designed and supplied by Wirsbo. but in addition. Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-Pipe comes in ready-to-install prefabricated lengths.

can be run off and quickly discovered at an appropriate detection point away from a buildings structure. from for example a pipe damaged during installation. especially in areas with very low winter temperatures. manifolds can be placed in special watertight cabinets where any leakage. in keeping with local standards and regulations.Figure 10 A conduit run through joists with pipe clips and securing plates Location of the manifolds Manifolds should be positioned for easy access to maintenance and in close proximity to all faucets. In some cases. Figure 11 Manifold in a watertight cabinet (left) Figure 12 An example of a manifold attached to the wall (right) Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 27 . Location should also permit convenient connection to the supply mains. It may sometimes be appropriate to have more than one manifold location. Location could for example be on the wall in the laundry room. or in a kitchen cabinet. and should be situated away from load-bearing parts of the building. provide adequate protection from freezing. under a wash basin. a manifold may be best located where any leakage can be quickly detected. Alternatively. such as near a floor drain.

The length of pipe between the manifold and the faucet should be kept to a minimum so as to reduce the number of bends. Thus they can be cast directly into structural concrete or run in recesses made after casting. make sure it has not been deformed or blocked. which in turn will keep pressure loss as low as possible. and in some cases even a manifold. An obstruction may affect the insertion of the water pipe. The pipes should be tied to the reinforcement mesh at a maximum spacing of 750 mm. Installation in concrete structures Figure 14 A temporary stand supports the pipe and manifold (left) Figure 15 A temporary stand supports a pipe. A pipe bend support supplied by Wirsbo is recommended for perpendicular upturns from the floor whilst a temporary stand is often used to hold in place a loose pipe end. • Before casting or otherwise concealing the conduit. with wire or plastic straps. Note the end cap is retained as long as the pipe remains unconnected (right) Note • When installing Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-pipe make sure that no concrete or mortar forces its way into either water pipe or conduit. 28 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . Wirsbo-PEX pipes are not affected by concrete. if it is mounted before the wall is built. Always allow some extra piping at the beginning and at the end of the runs to simplify connection to manifolds and fittings. These must not deform or damage the pipe or the conduit.Figure 13 Example of a manifold situated in a ceiling Location of the pipes The pipe runs should be located where there is no risk of freezing and where there is least danger of an accidental drilling.

floor structures or loft floor structure. In such cases it may be convenient to install several manifolds. A pipe bend support is recommended for vertical upturns from the floor or where a small bend radius is needed.Installation in wooden structures If pipes are run in wooden floor structures and stud walls. In general if an opening for a pipe run is to be made in a wooden structure. An outside water outlet could ideally be located under the sink in the laundry room or kitchen. always check with the building constructor first as to how this will affect the structural strength of the building. If the pipes are run in load-bearing structures. or under the wash basin in the bathroom. Figure 19 An example of manifolds vertically connected to each other in a single-family house (left) Figure 20 An example of manifolds horizontally connected to each other in a one-storey house (right) Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 29 . The manifold could be located near the water heater. stud walls. The pipe runs can be concealed in the foundation slab. Figure 16 Suggested run of pipes along an outer wall (left) Figure17 Suggested run of pipe along an inner wall (right) Figure 18 Suggested run of pipes in secondary boarding in the ceiling Installation in single-family houses An installation here could. Openings cut in joists along inner and outer walls should be under 250 mm from joist supporting points. they should be laid in runs which are simple to locate in order to help prevent any puncturing with nails or screws. start with pipes run from the water heater to the manifold. as long as any extra pipe length incurred between the manifold and the faucets does not increase pressure loss to the extent that it will affect the function of the system. they must be laid so that the load-bearing capacity of the floor will not be impaired. for example.

they may sag between the hangers. manifold cabinets should be used in installations in multi-family houses where concealed pipe runs are used. Using Wirsbo-PEX pipes in straight lengths. The examples shown below are in accordance with European draft standards (prENV 12108). Wirsbo recommend that channels should be used to support the pipes.Installation in a block of flats In keeping with good design. will facilitate installation work. in exposed runs it gives a poor general impression. To give the impression of neat installation work. without any support along their length. Linear expansion in plastic pipes is greater than in metal pipes (although associated expansion forces are low). Figure 21 Riser installation using watertight cabinets Installation in basements and ceilings The installation of Wirsbo-PEX pipes in a basement or under a ceiling in the traditional manner. with pipes suspended from hangers. can be carried out with or without allowance for expansion. Although this does not affect the operation of the system. running from floor to floor. These cabinets are designed to be built into the wall for close connection to a pipe duct. Plastic pipes may expand to such an extent that. Figure 22 Pipe runs in support channels Figure 23 Pipes run on a rack 30 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .

Figure 24 Branched pipe run in support channels These examples also illustrate the recommended manner of clamping and fixing Wirsbo-PEX pipes. Otherwise because of axial material stress related to temperature change. Support between the anchor points should be provided by hanger support bars fixed securely to the ceiling. and pipes must then be fixed to them at pipe couplings by means of U-bolts. The support channels should overlap by 100 mm and pipes should be secured with straps to these. 63. These are then fitted with hangers clamped to supporting channels. Do (mm) 16. Straps should be fitted at the following recommended intervals: Distance (mm) Cold water Hot water 500 200 500 300 750 400 750 600 750 750 1000 1000 Wirsbo-PEX pipe. In line with prENV 12108 the maximum permitted distance between anchor points is 6 m. Both hangers and channels should be securely tightened in order to prevent lateral movement. 75 90. which act as anchor points. should be secured to the ceiling in pairs at intervals of 6m. 20 25 32 40 50. the pipes will ”climb” out of the channels. Hanger support bars should be mounted between the anchor support bars at the following recommended distances: Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 31 . the pipe will expand radially. The flexible Wirsbo material will ensure a low load on the anchor points because. when the longitudinal expansion is restrained. 110 Table 11 Binding distances in accordance with prENV 12108 Installation not allowing for thermal expansion Pipes should be anchored and clamped so that expansion forces are transmitted to the structure of the building. Therefore factory supplied 6 m lengths are ideally suited for this purpose. Hanger lengths should not exceed 150 mm. Hanger Hanger support bar Binding Anchor support bar Figure 25 Wirsbo-PEX pipes in support channels with anchor points at every 6 m and supporting hangers inbetween Anchor point Clamp Channel Anchor point Support bars.

20 25. Figure 27 Wirsbo-PEX pipes on a rack where thermal length variation is compensated by the ”snaking” of the pipe 32 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . 1000 mm intervals and anchor at each tee branch. such as an expansion loop or a flexible arm. The expansion will then be taken up by expansion compensating devices. For particulars of securing the pipe to the support channels. Do (mm) 16. (see below) Hangers should be provided as in the preceding example above. see also the preceeding example above. which must be set at branches and at expansion compensating devices. The pipes are then free to move on the rack and will. with the clamps fitted at the above recommended distances and tightened so that the pipe is free to move between the anchor points. Fixing and clamping pipes on to a rack Laying on racks is appropriate where there are pipes of longer lengths and where only a few tees are to be fitted. pipes should be installed with supports fitted so that the pipe is free to move. 40 50. 32. 90. by themselves. In order to control expansion movements it is important to fasten the pipes to the rack at max. 110 Installation allowing for thermal expansion Figure 26 Pipe runs in support channels In general. take up the linear expansion. 63 75.Table 12 Distances between hanger support bars in accordance with prENV 12108 Distance (mm) Cold water Hot water 1500 1000 1500 1200 1500 1500 2000 2000 Wirsbo-PEX pipe.

Figure 29 Pipe supported only by anchor points Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 33 . This prevents the spreading of linear expansion from one floor to another. it should be anchored at intervals of max. As the riser is concealed. in order to avoid unwanted sounds generated by pipe movement caused by rapid changes in flows and pressures. Note • If a conduit is used it should be clamped to the pipe duct wall at intervals of max. it is recommended that pipe supports should be installed between each floor. 1000 mm. However.Figure 28 Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-Pipe on a rack will protect the pipes from dirt accumulation Installation in a vertical pipe duct In a vertical pipe duct. 6 m as earlier explained. This can be done by means of a rubber-lined pipe clamp located on each side of a tee branch. the pipe need only be supported at the anchor points. pipes must be anchored at each floor. If the riser passes several floors without branches.

and support clamps should be placed sufficiently far from the wall to allow for longitudinal thermal expansion. The flexible arm should be long enough to prevent damage. Figure 30 A vertical exposed pipe run Note • Someoftheaccessoriesusedin the described installations are not included in our list of compoents as they are available locally in most countries. expansion compensators should be used. Adhesives should not be used for fastening insulation to the pipe as some of them can damage the PE-X material. Expansion compensating devices No special expansion compensators are needed if: • the water pipe is supported and anchored at a maximum spacing of 6 m • the water pipe is run in a conduit where the necessary space for expansion is provided in the gap between water pipe and conduit • the pipe is run in long lengths on a rack. Use the formula below to calculate the minimum length of the flexible arm. • Asexplainedearlierpipesshould be insulated according to the standards of each country. in installations allowing for thermal expansion. LB = C Do x ∆L Anchor point FIX L ∆L Calculation of a flexible arm and expansion loop Where: LB C Do ∆L is the flexible arm in mm is the material constant (12 for PE-X) is the outside diameter of the pipe is the thermal length variation in mm E LB Figure 31 Flexible arm FIX Anchor point 34 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . where the pipes are expected to stay straight.A vertical exposed pipe run with supporting channels could be installed in the same way as a horizontal installation which does not allow for thermal expansion (see above). However.

Expansion. In this case the flexible arm is calculated according to the equation below: LB = C Do x 2∆L = 2l + l 1 2 2 Anchor FIX point ∆L/2 L ∆L/2 Anchor FIX point l1 E/2 Figure 32 Expansion loop FIX E/2 l 1 E/4 l2 Example: A Wirsbo-PEX pipe with an outside diameter (Do) of 50 mm is installed with 30 m between anchor points. example 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Temperature. the thermal expansion at 20°C is 2. 15 10 5 LB = 12x 50x300 = 1470 mm Diagram 7 Thermal expansion. Calculate the thermal length variation by using the diagram from Chapter 3.5 = 10 mm/m when carrying water at 70°C.5-2.5 mm/m. The hot water it carries is 70°C and the ambient temperature is 20°C. The expansion of the pipe will be 12.5l1. mm/m 25 20 From the graph. The total thermal length variation in this case is: ∆L = 10 mm/m x 30 m = 300 mm. while the expansion at 70°C is 12.5 mm/m. °C Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 35 . Calculate the length (LB) of the flexible arm.When designing an expansion loop it is preferable to design it so that l2 = 0.

the length of pipe pulled over the floor is kept short and the number of corners around which the pipe is pulled are kept to a minimum. A pipe cutter purposely designed for use with plastic pipes is recommended. Uncoiling the pipe Figure 33 Wirsbo pipe uncoiler Method of cutting Wirsbo-PEX pipes are manufactured to close dimensional tolerances and fittings are provided to meet those tolerances. To ensure a long-term service life. always ensure that the cut is straight and square. However for larger pipe dimensions a cutter with large cutting discs should be used. The uncoiler should be positioned as close to the current working area as possible. 36 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .Chapter 6 General directions Storage and general care Wirsbo-PEX pipes are supplied in various dimensions. They should also be kept in their packaging as long as possible in order to avoid dirt accumulation. no concrete or mortar should force its way between the water pipe and conduit. dry environment and away from exposure to UV radiation (sunlight). No excess material or burrs should remain that might affect the fitting connection. With Wirsbo Pipe-in Pipe. mortar etc. lengths and packages. In this way. A Wirsbo pipe uncoiler can be used to facilitate uncoiling. Pipes should be kept clean from dirt. When cutting the pipes. pipes should be stored in a clean. To avoid the introduction of dirt into the system during installation. Product information including some installation recommendations and sets of special end plugs are included in the packaging. grease. end plugs should be fixed to the pipes and retained for as long as possible. If this happens any future substitution of the water pipe will be made more difficult.

Fit the Q&E ring to the pipe. prior to the next expanding. 3. 4. Rotate the tool alternating to the right and to the left between each expansion.Figures 34-37 Methods of cutting a pipe Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting Assembling procedure: 1. Use the expander tool to expand the pipe end with the ring. Cut the pipe. 2. The Q&E ring and pipe will strive to resume their original shape and in so doing will grip the coupling. It is important to rotate the tool slightly before the segments of the tool are pushed further into the pipe. Figures 38 and 39 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting steps 1 and 2 Figures 40 and 41 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting steps 3 and 4 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 37 . Push the pipe onto the fitting nipple.

Slide the nut and the compression ring over the end of the pipe. they should be insulated to prevent condensation. until the tightening torque increases noticeably.A correctly fitted Wirsbo Q&E joint can be pressurised after 30 minutes at temperatures above +5°C. please see the separate Wirsbo Q&E catalogue. Assembling procedure: 1. Never use a naked flame for heating. When correctly mounted the pipe should grip the fitting nipple within 3 seconds although for dimension greater than 16 mm this may tale from 3-10 seconds. which is the temperature at which you can hold the pipe in your hand without discomfort. 3. Assembling a compression fitting The fittings used with Wirsbo-PEX pipes must be approved connection fittings recommended by either Wirsbo or one of our retailers. Push the pipe insert into the pipe by hand. 2. Useful tips • Keep the number of expansions to a minimum. At room temperature the joint will be as strong as the pipe itself after six hours. If manual pressure is insufficient a rubber hammer may be used. Only genuine Wirsbo fittings. Heat the pipe for a maximum of about 30 seconds until it reaches 40-50°C. If uncertain as to how long the pipe will take to contract on to the fitting a small test using a short piece of pipe can be made. • Warming up the fittings and expander rings speeds up contraction time. • Approximate waiting times before pressurising a joint are presented in the assembly instructions enclosed with the Wirsbo Q&E toolbox. the number of expansions may have been too many or the duration of each expansion too long. Ensure that the insert is pressed in as far as the flange in order to get a secure joint. • For further product information about the Wirsbo Q&E fitting. Fit the pipe to the connector and tighten firstly by hand and then with the aid of a spanner. • When Wirsbo Q&E fittings are used with pipes in concealed runs. If it takes longer. steps 1 and 2 38 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . the lower the temperature. the slower the contraction. Expand just enough to allow the pipe to slip comfortably onto the fitting nipple. Pipe inserts must always be used. Note • Wirsbo Quick & Easy is a fitting intended and designed only for Wirsbo pipes. rings and expander tools should be used. Figures 42 and 43 Assembling a compression fitting. However ambient temperature affects the time it takes for the pipe and ring to shrink firmly on to the fitting nipple to make a watertight seal.

• If for any reason the fitting is dismantled. • Tighten the nut in line with manufacturer’s recommendations. Therefore. Unbolt the clamping sleeve. • In some countries it is not allowed to conceal compression fittings within walls. intended mainly for use with Wirsbo pipe dimensions greater than 32 mm. Tighten until the lugs on the outer sleeve are drawn together. Figures 46 and 47 Assembling a WIPEX fitting Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 39 . pipe inserts must always be used. Chamfer the square cut pipe end with a deburring tool or knife. a new compression ring should be fitted. in order to keep the lugs apart. Mount the sleeve on to the end of the pipe. 3. place the head of the bolt into the gap before removing the pliers. Lubricate the threads on the bolt and the washer with a suitable lubricant and insert the bolt into position. Note that the clamping sleeve is strong and will resist being prised apart. steps 3 and 4 Note • When using compression fittings. prise it apart as shown with pliers and remove it from the coupling. 2. Assembling a WIPEX coupling The WIPEX coupling is an excellent pipe fitting. Therefore consultation with local authorities and standards is recommended. Reunite the clamping sleeve with the coupling ensuring that the locking groove on the support sleeve of the coupling engages with the clamping sleeve.Figures 44 and 45 Assembling a compression fitting. Assembling procedure: 1. once the bolt has been removed and the sleeve forced open. Ensure that the pipe end is clean and that any external burrs are removed. 5. Connect the pipe to the coupling pressing it as far as the locking groove. 6. 4.

40 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . • For a correctly fitted. can be applied as shown below.Figures 48-50 Assembling a WIPEX fitting Note • Because the nut. which actually reforms the pipe and takes advantage of cross-linked polyethylene’s unique thermal memory (see chap 1 above). If a coupling is to be fitted to some other component. However if a pipe has been buckled. Reforming method: 1. This will happen at around 130°C. the safest and simplest repairing method is to cut away the damaged area and replace it with a Wirsbo Q&E joint. Minor repairs Because cross-linked polyethylene cannot be welded or repaired with adhesives. flux or a linseed oil based compound. Straighten the damaged section by hand 2. the threads and the washer must be lubricated. • For further product information please consult the WIPEX catalogue. secure connection follow the instructions enclosed with the WIPEX coupling. • O-rings are used for sealing all joints in the WIPEX assortment and are supplied with the fittings. seal the threaded joint with linen yarn. after for example being bent too far. if a pipe is accidentally sliced or punctured. an alternative repair method. Heat until the pipe has returned to its original shape or until the material begins to become transparent round its whole circumference. rotating the gun around the pipe throughout the process for an even application. Carefully heat the damaged area with a hot-air gun. However see note below. bolt and washer are made of acid-resistant stainless steel.

• Ifinsertionisfoundtobedifficult. Therefore the reheated section should not be used for joining to a fitting. If the conduit is installed on its own. check before it is concealed that it has not been deformed or otherwise obstructed. if mounted as recommended. Allow the pipe to cool to room temperature before use. Also check that clamping has been carried out properly before inserting the water pipe (see also Chapter 5). Once cooled it will return to its original appearance and regain all of its strength. if heated. However Wirsbo Q&E joints. It is not always necessary to heat the pipe until it is transparent before it resumes its original shape. They have an outer oxygen diffusion barrier which. • Do not heat Wirsbo-pePEX or Wirsbo-evalPEX pipes. can be used to pull the pipe through. Figure 51 Reforming a Wirsbo-PEX pipe Note • Do not use an open flame for heating. Figure 52 Pipe end with sharp tongue Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 41 . Inserting a PE-X pipe into a conduit The conduit and the PE-X pipe can be installed together or separately. Use a hot-air gun. the factory calibrated tolerances are lost. • When a hot-air gun is used. can still be used. If heating has discoloured the pipe. will be damaged. Useful tips • The water pipe will be easier to insert into the conduit. Note any change in the pipes surface. if the pipe end is cut into a sharp tongue about 150 mm long. However see note below. this indicates that the material has been damaged and the pipe needs replacing.3. attached to the pipe end and then threaded through the conduit beforehand. a drawing wire. • Keep heating to a minimum. Using cold water or blowing cold air on the repaired section will accelerate cooling.

having once disconnected the pipe from the manifold and faucet/mixing tap. Normally it is possible to pull out the pipe by hand but sometimes this may prove difficult. Figures 53-56 Replacing a damaged pipe 42 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . be one seamless run from manifold to draw-off point. take the following steps: 1. for example in an installation where there are many sharp bends. Replacement is made easier if the conduit has been correctly installed. 2. for example a piece of plywood. if required. If this is the case. Insert protection in the form of. Repeat as necessary or until the pipe has been totally removed from the conduit. 5. Press the exposed pipe end into the fork and lock it with pliers if necessary. 6. and should have as few bends as necessary with bends being as gradual as possible (see chapter 5). Mount the forked extender supplied by Wirsbo on a crowbar end as shown. the water pipe can be replaced without causing structural damage to the building. 4. It should have been well secured.Replacing a damaged pipe One of the advantages of using Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-Pipe is that. Relocate the extender next to the wall and repeat steps 4 and 5. and having removed the fittings from the manifold end of the pipe. between the crowbar and the wall. Before removing the pipe see useful tips below. 3. Lever the crow bar downwards and pull out a section of pipe. Pull out the termination elbow in order to expose more of the PE-X pipe.

Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 43 . Figures 58-60 Replacing a damaged pipe • Taping the join to give it extra strength is permitted since it will be cut away later. as in both cases this could cause the pipe to catch on the inside of the conduit.Figures 53-57 Replacing a damaged pipe Once the pipe has been removed the new pipe can be inserted (see section above). Make sure that the pipe ends are as close to each other as possible and that the staples do not stick out on the other side of the pipe. for example. Connect the pipes. Useful tips • Removing the old pipe is made easier if it is first softened either by blowing warm air or by running warm water through it. with a 100 mm length of close-fitting electrical cable using a staple gun as shown. • Installing a new Wirsbo-PEX pipe can be done at the same time as removing the old one by connecting the pipes to each other and then pulling both pipes through at once.

which will occur at around 130°C. the pipes can be bent after being heated up in accordance with the procedure described below. Note • In extremely cold areas the system should be protected at all times from freezing. • Do not heat more than necessary. Heat the pipe carefully with a hot-air gun. Bend the pipe at once to the required angle. • The radius with which Wirsbo-PEX pipes can be bent. In order to remove any remaining air pockets. They have an outer oxygen diffusion barrier which. This is as follows: 44 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . Pressure test PE-X systems can be pressure tested in accordance with the local standards and regulations which apply to metal pipes. Examine the coupling points and pipe runs whilst filling the system. a bending support should be used. 1. Hold the pipe at the required angle and cool it with water or air. • Note any change in the surface of the pipe during the heating operation. pipe wall thickness and type of pipe. 2. If heating has discoloured the pipe. However there is a more appropriate method of testing. The pipe will maintain the new shape. Heat the pipe until the material begins to become transparent where the pipe is to be bent. Cold bending Cold fixture bending Hot bending 8 x Do 5 x Do 5 x Do Note • It is not practical to manually bend dimensions larger than 32 mm to the minimum bending radius. a flexible support should be placed in the pipe at the bending point prior to bending (step 3). if heated. in order to prevent the pipe from folding. Minimum bend radius The figures below give the minimum bending radius for pipe dimensions used in the Wirsbo Tap Water System. 4.Pipe bending Wirsbo-PEX pipes are normally bent without the need for any special tool. Do = outer diameter. depends on the installation temperature. If it is heated once more it will resume its original shape. If bends with small radii are necessary. this indicates that the material has been damaged and the pipe must be replaced. which takes into account the fact that a PE-X system expands and contracts radially when pressure is applied. will be damaged. venting the system afterwards is recommended. Move the gun around the pipe throughout the process for an even application. Note • An open flame must not be used for heating the pipe. • Do not heat Wirsbo-pePEX or Wirsbo-evalPEX pipes. Useful tips • Where a sharp bend with a narrow radius is required. 3. Alternatively. Filling the system All pipe systems should be filled slowly in order to expel as much air as possible.

Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 45 . this indicates leakage in the system. Note • All fire precaution has to be carried out according to regulations by local authorities. Operating pressure 1.5 x operating pressure. this indicates that the system is watertight. This seal may conveniently be mounted at the end of the conduit. Maintain this pressure for 30 minutes and inspect the joints and pipe runs.• Vent all air from the system and pressurise the system to 1. • In order to prevent the spread of fumes. fire-resistance ratings must be maintained. Leave the system pressurised for 90 minutes keeping it under continued inspection. • The space between the water pipe and the conduit must be sealed to prevent the spread of fumes caused by fire between fire cells.0 0.5 x operating pressure and remains constant. If the pressure rises to a value higher than 0.5 x operating pressure and close the drain valve. spaces between building structures and pipes and between separate pipes should be large enough to allow each conduit to be sealed separately.5 1. Quickly drain off water to reduce the pressure to 0. • The gap between conduit and wall must be filled with an incombustible homogenous material such as mortar.5 Diagram 8 Pressure testing 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Time (min) Fire protection When pipes are installed in a fire-resistant construction/structure. If the pressure drops during this period. In general: • Pipes should be run within one continuous length of conduit through a hole in a construction.

6 50x6.35 °C m/m°C m/m°C °C kJ/kg°C W/m°C DIN 4725 10 15 2. Naturally sideways movement can be influenced by pipe length and by clamping.3 25x3.0 Table 14 Forces of expansion and contraction Max force N 250 200 300 400 400 500 600 800 900 1300 1500 2100 2100 2900 4400 46 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .0 25x2.05 x 10 –4 +133 2. Dimension mm 22x3.08-0.2 110x10.4 40x3.0 32x2.938 19–26 9–13 800–900 300–350 350–550 500–700 No failure No failure 0.7 75x6.01 0.5 50x4. Forces can appear during both expansion and contraction. However if the temperature changes gradually or if the pipe can give sideways. the strength of the forces will diminish.4 x 10 –4 2.Chapter 7 Wirsbo-PEX Technical data Material Properties Mechanical properties Density Tensile strength Modulus of elasticity E Elongation on failure Impact strength Moisture absorption Coefficient of friction with steel Surface energy Oxygen permeability Value 0.5 28x4.3 0. but note that the length of the pipe has no bearing on the size of the force.3 1 x 10–3 60–90 Ωm – – kV/mm Forces of expansion and contraction These can appear when a pipe has been installed at an ambient temperature of about 20°C and is then suddenly exposed to a water temperature of 90°C.9 32x4.1 34 x 10–3 80 250 Unit g/cm3 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 % % kJ/m2 kJ/m2 mg/4d – N/m m3 mm/m2 x day x atm m3 mm/m2 x day x atm Standard DIN 53455 DIN 53457 DIN 53455 DIN 53453 DIN 53472 (at 20°C) (at 100°C) (at 20°C) (at 80°C) (at 20°C) (at 100°C) (at 20°C) (at –140°C) (at 22°C) (at 20°C) (at 55°C) ASTM D1434 ASTM D1434 Thermal properties Temperature range Coefficient of linear expansion (at 20°C) Coefficient of linear expansion (at 100°C) Softening temperature Specific heat Coefficient of thermal conductivity Electrical properties Specific internal resistance (at 20°C) Dielectric constant (at 20°C) Dielectric loss factor (at 20°C/50 Hz) Rupture voltage (at 20°C) Table 13 Material properties –100 to +110 1.9 63x5.7 40x5.8 90x8.8 63x8.

1994 (Australia) Australian Standard 2492 .NKB Product rule 3 (Nordic countries) Type approval requirements for mechanical fittings of metal for PEX and PB pipes for tap water installations .2000 (Germany) DVGW Arbeitsblatt W 544 .NKB Product rule 18 (Nordic countries) UNI 9338 (Italy) UNI 9349 (Italy) 15) 16) The following standards are under preparation: 17) 18) prEN 12318 ISO/DIS 15875 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 47 .Chapter 8 Quality Assurance.2000 (Germany) DIN 16893 . tap water approvals Wirsbo-PEX approvals for hot and cold water installations have been issued in: Germany Sweden Norway Switzerland France Great Britain Finland USA China Iceland Bulgaria Lithuania Croatia Rumania Russia Malaysia Hong Kong The Netherlands Denmark Austria Belgium Portugal Spain Poland Canada Australia Hungary Estonia Latvia Slovakia Kazakhstan The Ukraine Japan Standards and other quality guidelines relating to WirsboPEX The following published ”guidelines” are available at present: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) DIN 16892 .1994 (Australia) Guide Technique Specialisé TE Q/1 No 30142 (France) UNE 53381 (Spain) ASTM F 876 -84 F877 -84 (USA) KIWA CRITERIA No. 41 (Netherlands) ÖNORM B 5153 (Austria) Type approval requirements for hot water pipes .2000 (Germany) Australian Standard 2537 .1988 (Germany) DVGW Arbeitsblatt W 534 .

Norway. Finland) Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment (CSTB) (France) KIWA (Netherlands) National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) (USA) Plastico y Caucho (Spain) Österreisische Kunststoff Institut (ÖKI) (Austria) Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil (LNEC) (Portugal) BCCA Belgium QAS Australia 48 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . Denmark.Production of Wirsbo-PEX is monitored by the following bodies: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) MPA Darmstadt (Germany) Statens Provningsanstalt (Sweden.

1811 1.91338 2.4 1574.62992 0.0 1930.0 1549.556 6.019 23.29921 1.04724 2.4 558.92913 1.0 787.0 533.81102 1.71653 2.8 457.6 1270.5748 1.2 863.59055 0.94488 0.2 1752.8 1600.6 381.87401 2.06299 1.606 25.2 609.49606 1.4 50.4 431.4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 Table 16 Length — Inches into millimetres and vice versa Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 49 .6 1397.15748 0.350 7.4 1701.51968 2.03937 0.28346 2.40157 2.0 152.2 101.61417 1.43307 0.12598 2.55905 2.6 1651.8 76.31496 0.98425 1.4 812.8 1092.875 16.8 1854.22047 1.6 635.8 1219.8 203.6 1524.90551 0.0 1168.99212 mm 1320.8 838.35433 0.6 254.0 660.700 13.0 1041.69291 1.2 1498.6 508.431 22.37795 1.4 939.8 1473.731 in 3/8 13/32 7/16 15/32 1/2 17/32 9/16 19/32 5/8 21/32 11/16 mm 9.44094 2.2 1117.2 990.7874 0.2 1371.0 279.112 11.6 1016.45669 1.6 762.4 in 1.8 1727.3622 2.2 736.10236 1.33858 1.906 12.14173 1.0 1295.7559 2.70866 0.938 8.19685 0.400 Table 15 Length – Inches (fractions) into millimetres Length — Inches into millimetres and vice versa in 0.225 23.525 10.53543 1.4 1828.8 330.6 127.66929 0.256 19.11811 0.9685 2.95275 2.794 1.2 1879.288 15.8 965.82677 0.969 4.8 711.2 355.3937 0.050 19.48031 2.41732 1.59842 2.63779 2.4 1193.6 889.0 1676.494 14.65354 1.0 1803.4 304.0 406.144 7.588 2.669 17.4 1447.88976 1.812 24.2 228.55118 0.6 1905.762 5.24409 2.23622 0.16535 2.175 3.20472 2.381 3.86614 0.2 482.00787 mm 685.25984 1.319 11.85039 1.4 1066.74803 0.67716 2.462 in 23/32 3/4 25/32 13/16 27/32 7/8 29/32 15/16 31/32 1 mm 18.77165 1.83464 2.844 20.4 in 2.638 21.47244 0.32283 2.2 1244.79527 2.27559 0.02362 mm 25.08661 2.081 15.6 1143.2 1625.0 1422.4 177.6 1778.0 914.73228 1.8 584.Chapter 9 Conversion tables Metric and nonmetric (English and American) units Length – Inches (fractions) into millimetres in 1/32 1/16 3/32 1/8 5/32 3/16 7/32 1/4 9/32 5/16 11/32 mm 0.8 1346.51181 0.07874 0.

34554 86.4734 581.79 141.57 196.39 124.288 18.1336 2.81824 64.9461 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 m2 2.7097 570.9656 26.2504 22.4968 12.2024 19.41 206.038698 6.3822 312.371612 0.6911 161.83 118.9095 333.20257 5.743224 0.7457 204.8915 516.9274 150.5 242.9312 49.464515 0.5272 32.6096 0.114836 1.982 193.0688 17.6005 484.85 200.5448 ft 170.021933 1.524 1.503213 6.0732 462.92903 1.9624 4.6576 3.0373 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 m2 4.4216 20.574182 5.1432 98.1232 16.278709 0.016764 5.668 10.6504 45.765158 1.7 104.874825 6.836127 0.29 193.144 9.694188 2.224504 6.8189 656.99 108.7392 82.852892 5.716 14.0104 7.4001 129.4368 355.4592 16.8003 247.366443 4.6848 22.404 19.51 807.5344 8.1648 Table 17 Length — Feet into metres and vice versa Surface — Square feet into square metres and vice versa ft2 10.950964 2.2464 29.92 154.8549 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 m2 0.0584 10.3462 678.552249 4.764 17.415479 ft2 290.087734 4.9641 376.212 52.131601 6.092903 0.6304 14.1458 322.5928 18.9728 11.8768 5.67 127.4008 6.7432 3.6372 710.0888 39.616 68.8976 19.27 111.1638 139.4584 78.11 121.3096 452.0544 62.55 114.3632 10.7464 796.2184 182.9248 ft 88.95 131.0553 645.32 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 m 8.508382 2.300643 1.1816 5.486449 1.66 232.180637 4.251606 3.255 409.048 3.4008 721.2004 365.1824 548.3008 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 m 0.8392 9.650321 0.86 23.716122 3.344509 3.3642 495.9456 22.3696 42.923861 5.317407 6.6784 17.2192 1.295473 5.7912 6.901928 3.809025 3.3152 7.1776 75.4384 2.2808 6.528 624.53 219.4914 398.24 15.6918 753.76365 21.0312 21.6551 527.76 164.1645 731.20774 1.9144 1.48 160.72 187.5093 215.9281 742.87284 107.3048 0.945795 6.424 101.6185 301.4554 764.7056 7.672255 1.481279 5.4547 172.336 21.8016 13.0186 419.8424 13.01 190.25 216.8735 699.858061 1.3276 269.13 203.530316 3.5816 91.0208 14.22 239.3256 14.667085 5.23 134.5824 11.41031 6.2916 635.0366 236.109667 5.322576 2.830958 4.13677 2.9827 785.5826 667.7736 59.5273 32.51 137.2672 4.237 592.388376 5.7264 21.623219 3.4488 9.8288 2.0658 3.601285 2.29095 43.879994 2.1064 13.1278 505.579352 1.7536 10.6731 344.2 157.5552 22.8624 95.27354 4.3352 65.04 167.16 180.2191 774.81 223.3736 17.88 177.5616 9.02 85.06 249.572 4.9352 15.2736 818.787091 2.972897 3.4112 13.273 226.812 20.78 246.967728 7.8968 72.64 150.36 147.5072 19.2296 8.8369 473.043867 2.4188 538.060631 Table 18 Surface — Square feet into square metres and vice versa 50 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .34 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 m 15.0007 602.7643 613.9832 18.07 144.738055 ft2 559.0912 279.38 229.5639 258.645152 4.6365 118.10919 96.185806 0.7823 430.44 183.459346 4.4864 5.8496 16.58189 75.437412 3.8872 12.596116 6.158703 3.6 173.1544 16.689019 6.5459 441.192 12.Length — Feet into metres and vice versa ft 3.69 209.994831 4.096 6.393546 1.7277 387.759988 5.6408 21.2776 11.1099 688.781922 6.557418 0.97 213.229673 2.4928 55.62 7.94 236.808 36.09 226.3528 3.05459 53.1168 20.

812278 1.52911 1.52 276.165 264.26 140.45307 0.66 Table 20 Volume — US gallons into litres and vice versa Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 51 .345 68.412 5.056634 0.699011 1.996 2401.25 193.37 2330.674 4.5809 776.355 15.084951 0.387525 1.67 238.982 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 m3 0.252 15.729 1695.38 261.495 30.55 117.99109 1.821189 0.623 2471.936 2507.509703 0.466 17.566337 0.27 87.7605 459.82 200.23 1.56 64.132674 1.045 143.849 1483.578 10.1478 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 m3 0.065 37.356 1765.104357 1.76 15.246 0.185 158.214 2.706 2.605 204.19 2648.783961 1.054 12.330892 1.53802 0.840595 1.06713 2.670694 1.683 2365.489 2118.222 1412.166 5.585743 1.722 1.2676 741.594 9.885 234.803 2154.727328 1.61406 1.5669 211.118 8.205 52.626 7.226535 0.429 2224.856 9.268 14.785 7.0739 494.728 16.472476 1.086 10.696 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 l 196.715 1130.38 7.707921 0.482 16.39 208.915 75.198218 0.134 7.849505 0.102 9.53 223.038 13.11 177.84 10.744 15.332 10.98 109.204 18.877822 0.7746 1024.316 11.45 18.15 6.868912 1.712 17.906139 0.925 22.735 272.549 2012.642377 1.792 13.047723 1.481386 0.455 242.368119 0.57 11.968 2.595 1341.85 41.189308 1.364 8.655 1235.97 162.2077 847.679604 0.022 14.635 45.96 215.175 211.71 26.877 2613.69 132.776 14.028 1165.444159 ft3 1836.102 1624.99 56.095447 2.12 124.745 219.13 71.764555 0.475 1553.169901 0.465 189.95 268.396436 0.325 174.8803 247.895 181.982179 2.904 6.958 18.1 230.622971 0.99 16.1936 282.69 3.897229 1.028317 0.808 12.503 2683.283168 0.311485 0.934456 0.476 1.15208 Table 19 Volume — Cubic feet into cubic metres and vice versa Volume — US gallons into litres and vice versa gallons 0.088 1059.953862 1.236 16.31338 70.182 4.562 11.594654 0.615 151.1338 388.339802 0.315 227.936 4.006 15.274258 1.824 11.743 2260.4472 423.07 11.46 2.609 1906.010496 2.514 14.282 1306.195 105.485 83.563 2577.41 gallons 6.507 317.968 1271.54 170.035 gallons 12.8345 918.83 147.359209 1.535 1447.925546 1.557427 1.4612 988.658 5.92 5.888 7.651287 0.Volume — Cubic feet into cubic metres and vice versa ft3 35.546 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 l 102.492 0.348 9.2535 176.68 185.736238 ft3 953.42 49.160991 1.595 257.113267 0.908 1377.62676 105.84 94.25 2542.875 287.669 1800.789 1589.872 8.025 249.254852 0.3 12.5211 882.974 17.905 128.396 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 l 3.9401 141.245941 1.4 155.81 253.53 13.296 1871.428 4.415 1659.444 3.755644 1.3873 529.61 8.07604 1.0141 600.217624 1.09 283.424753 0.9542 706.817 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 m3 1.7 79.22 17.7007 565.401 1094.176 2083.302575 1.475 136.3274 635.500793 1.31 2436.019406 1.056 2295.305 280.642 6.123763 2.055 90.498 15.765 113.863 2048.28 34.755 166.116 2189.792872 0.8204 353.952 3.038813 2.24 246.415842 1.6408 670.141584 0.198 3.775 60.341 1200.284 13.625 98.335 121.236 1977.962773 0.984 1.162 1518.922 1942.8943 812.042 1730.14 18.738 0.

292 1105.4016 25.2472 12.102 945.092 46.93642 0.876 16.3296 16.4806 136.095 96.7624 27.686708 0.038 48.368 1169.997696 2.058972 3.186132 1.855 736.121 961.0944 143.5496 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 kg 23.38 336.627 544.4782 39.062428 0.969 lb/ft3 3.8656 21.484 29.3912 30.7936 lb 59.5607 1.171 160.249712 0.4116 103.0484 121.2736 37.6162 105.1232 28.49712 2.752 32.228 208.7008 13.9792 10.893 768.3608 1.115 57.4432 5.2056 32.235 1057.268 2.95 816.6592 33. weight — Pounds into kilograms and vice versa Density — Pounds per cubic foot into kilograms per cubic metre and vice versa lb/ft3 0.061276 1.197 1025.749136 0.551 480.608 528.744528 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 kg/m3 832.159 993.8668 130.387 1185.2276 15.2506 26.247408 2.Mass.345 167.996544 3.3426 70.285 256.620824 3.064 913.935268 1.276 134.646 560.374568 0.182676 4.746832 2.33 1137.475 416.6288 4.02 34.057 64.0304 29.7518 74.007 865.7216 3.931 800.684404 2.456 400.4576 125.216 27.144 18.060124 2.310988 1.1128 33.0824 4.4346 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 kg 12.072 9.810412 1.5872 24.683252 3.6392 116.05782 4.561852 0.247 224.246256 3.5152 14.437 384.808108 3.998848 1.5472 72.432388 4.5702 83.1336 lb 114.5768 29.76 656.684 592.245104 4.349 1153.87284 1.9688 15.9896 5.2046 4.0408 24.43354 3.2984 31.7978 97.14 977.495968 3.412 20.9584 20.1174 154.948 25.685556 1.8208 108.0616 14.34 11.18498 2.57 496.5242 61.722 624.499424 0.6368 19.322 156.8898 141.5036 147.3886 92.342 304.589 512.912 784.817 704.133 128.114 112.2576 7.4552 28.804 7.1544 13.536 4.811564 0.7312 160.399 352.361 320.703 608.8874 44.273 1089.6598 30.266 240.74568 3.62428 0.747984 1.161 79.083 929.4536 0.3656 81.406 1201.9376 30.7728 22.5976 19.558396 3.2264 22.308684 3.494 lb/ft3 1.435844 1.5932 94.6622 127.621976 2.069 35.372264 2.045 897.8968 6.623128 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 kg/m3 16.532 464.24856 1.7112 8.36996 4.988 849.3504 6.608 14.2368 17.498272 1.371112 3.1214 3.7748 85.5012 50.557244 4.8552 26.9128 152.874 752.3192 21.299 145.183828 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 kg/m3 432.68 23.209 192.309836 2.4328 10.932964 3.23 112.254 1073.798 688.122552 2.9358 163.418 368.216 1041.434692 2.4092 6.8644 33.9072 1.124856 0.9104 55.31214 0.023 13.1404 165.6821 4.8144 2.123704 1.6696 28.5048 19. weight — Pounds into kilograms and vice versa lb 2.5256 9.5664 34.373416 1.0024 99.178 1009.19 176.995392 4.1648 8.4322 17.184 90.0254 110.6184 9.138 68.873992 0.9564 77.9334 66.665 576.026 881.494816 4.8438 119.311 1121.0714 132.4736 Table 21 Mass.741 640.120248 4.80926 2.323 288.870536 3.8414 22.934116 2.3088 26.6904 18.3196 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 kg 0.076 80.187284 0.7832 17.046 24.513 448.559548 2.619672 4.7288 63.6138 8.8864 11.7082 149.779 672.2966 48.019 32.6852 138.4224 15.425 Table 22 Density — Pounds per cubic foot into kilograms per cubic metre and vice versa 52 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .6828 41.307532 4.1752 3.436996 0.152 144.253 123.7058 52.836 720.8448 31.9794 88.207 101.304 272.871688 2.8184 11.4944 24.5266 158.0512 19.

5 1.11088 0.1 0.4444 -13.17856 0.13824 0.216 0.6 93.1111 -15.7778 -17.2448 0.11111 82.26352 0.28656 0.0576 0.1656 0.18432 0.4 48.21456 0.2222 260.20448 0.8889 -18.2088 0.6 28.1944 0.6 57.1 1.27648 0.05 0.05184 0.1728 0.09 0.16848 0.0288 0.18 0.6 37.23616 0.288 0.2 °C -73.0 -14.0 -19.17136 0.2222 1093.16128 0.002448 0.29664 0.06 0.77778 -6.14976 0.15264 0.11808 0.06912 0.15696 0.22222 35.144 0.17712 0.13392 0.4 104 113 122 131 140 149 158 167 176 185 °C -12.1111 -10.1111 982.02 0.333333 4.26928 0.1368 0.3 1.10368 0.03312 0.1512 0.77778 15.11376 0.24912 0.0504 0.4 86 89.07488 0.12096 0.21888 0.0 -34.07 0.25056 0.06336 0.252 0.00216 0.111111 2.18288 0.2 1.66667 -5.0792 0.05328 0.26496 0.4 68 71.33333 -2.333 -100 -90 -80 -70 -60 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 Table 23 Temperature — Degrees Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius and vice versa Thermal conductivity — Btu · in/ft2 · h · degrees F into W/K · m Btu 0.6 46.0 12.9 2 0 0.08 0.25488 0.06192 0.0144 0.7778 -62.4444 232.25632 0.03744 0.24048 0.66667 29.2 41 42.22752 0.8889 760.4444 -18.14688 0.09792 0.13968 0.0 1.20592 0.20736 0.1296 0.8 1.3 0.09648 0.1111 148.33333 21.16992 0.17424 0.23472 0.28512 0.05472 0.4 39.6 75.2222 -16.0648 0.18864 0.9 1 1.072 0.21168 0.5556 371.2304 0.08208 0.18576 0.06768 0.33333 107.3333 -20.8 35.1152 0.27072 0.12816 0.0432 0.24192 0.2 78.5 0.16272 0.05904 0.0864 0.19728 0.08784 0.8889 176.09072 0.09936 0.55556 18.88889 -7.27792 0.08064 0.6 1.07632 0.2 96.28224 0.2222 -56.09216 0.7 0.27936 0.03168 0.8 44.04608 0.4 30.8889 -23.08496 0.Temperature — Degrees Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius and vice versa °F -148 -130 -112 -94 -76 -58 -40 -22 -4 14 23 24.15552 0.001872 0.222222 3.28368 0.1111 426.2222 -11.16704 0.0 71.5556 -20.44444 -3.4 0.14544 0.0 871.2 32 33.1224 0.3333 -12.04464 0.22222 -1.03024 0.7 1.2222 537.26784 0.27216 0.22464 0.0 315.88889 60.2808 0.19296 0.19152 0.1008 0.5556 -40.6667 -51.7778 °F 50 53.1872 0.2952 0.8889 -13.10944 0.8 100.1111 -45.10512 0.77778 48.002016 0.04 0.21312 0.22032 0.3333 -17.8 82.04752 0.19008 0.07056 0.07776 0.2222 121.036 0.04176 0.12384 0.14256 0.29808 0.2736 0.03 0.24624 0.23328 0.2 60.06048 0.06624 0.2232 0.26064 0.09504 0.6667 204.15984 0.222222 10.14832 0.21024 0.29952 0.11111 0.001728 0.2016 0.88889 26.25776 0.8 26.13248 0.08352 0.23904 0.20304 0.2 0.444444 7.29088 0.22608 0.12528 0.002736 0.23184 0.108 0.22222 93.4444 -28.08928 0.10656 0.24336 0.22176 0.44444 °F 194 203 212 248 284 320 356 392 437 482 572 662 752 842 932 1112 1292 1472 1652 1832 2192 2552 2912 3272 3632 °C 32.3333 -67.04032 0.04896 0.2592 0.19584 0.6667 482.13104 0.16416 0.28944 0.8 0.29376 0.05616 0.0 37.12672 0.11664 0.002304 0.6667 -16.14112 0.15408 0.26208 0.11111 23.27504 0.0 -8.8 64.17568 0.19872 0.01584 0.002592 0.11952 0.18144 0.20016 0.11232 0.0936 0.01 0.22896 0.29232 0.03456 0.10224 0.2664 0.03888 0.13536 0.7778 648.21744 0.24768 0.4 1.07344 0.6 0.55556 -4.1584 0.2376 0.5556 -15.25344 0.30096 Table 24 Thermal conductivity — Btu · in/ft2 · h · degrees F into W/K · m Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 53 .

055056·103 54 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .38844·10-4 2.47817·10-4 9.50 1.01 1 9.1868·103 3.102 102 1.89 1 bar 10-5 0.41214·103 1 1 9.77778·10-7 2.670978·105 1.101972 1 426.80665 4.34228·10-3 1 859.93071·10-4 1 Btu 9.96832 3.29421·10-3 3.069 1 mm WS 0.45·10-4 0.Pressure 1 Pa 1 1.02·104 1 703 1 lb/in2 1.075857·102 1 kcal 2.81 6.72407·10-6 1.81·10-3 6.000 105 9.251996 1 kWh 2.6·106 1.145 14.89·103 1 kPa 10-3 1 100 9.81·10-5 0.935 3.42·10-3 1 1 N/m = 1 Pa 1 kPa 1 bar 1 mm WS 1 lb/in2 (psi) 2 Table 25 Pressure Energy 1 J = 1 Nm = 1 WS 1 J = 1 Nm = 1 WS 1 kpm 1 kcal 1 kWh 1 Btu Table 26 Energy 1 kpm 0.163·103 1 2.845 0.

...................................................................................................................................... 39 Assembling a WIPEX fitting ............................................. 39 Assembling a compression fitting. 6 Conduit pipe.................................................................................................................. 27 Manifold in a watertight cabinet ........................ 28 A temporary stand supports a pipe ............................................................................ 30 Pipe runs in support channels ...................... 36 Method of cutting a pipe........ 7 The marking on Wirsbo-PEX pipe ........... 20 Outline drawing of an installation..................................... 29 An example of manifolds vertically connected to ............................... step 1 ..... step 3 ................................ 25 Manifold system with 10 joints ......................... 37 Assembling a compression fitting............................ 35 Wirsbo pipe uncoiler ......................................................... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 Text Page Molecule chain for a cross-linked polyethylene pipe .... 34 Expansion loop .. 29 Riser installation using watertight cabinets ........................................ 7 Heat loss from a pipe based upon a length of 1 metre .......................... 28 Suggested run of pipes along an outer wall ................................... 29 Suggested run of pipes in secondary boarding in the .............................................. 37 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting........... step 4 .... 30 Pipes run on a rack ........................ 39 Assembling a WIPEX fitting ........... step 2 ......................... 34 Flexible arm ................... 30 Branched pipe run in support channels.......... 37 Method of cutting a pipe........................................... 31 Wirsbo-PEX pipes in support channels with ................................................................. 39 Assembling a WIPEX fitting ..................... tables and diagrams Figures Figure No... 31 Pipe runs in support channels .............................................................................................................................. step 4 ......................................................................... step 3 ........................................................ 38 Assembling a compression fitting.................................................................. 5 Wirsbo-PEX pipe ..................................................... 38 Assembling a compression fitting................ 37 Method of cutting a pipe............................................... 37 Method of cutting a pipe...................................................................... 37 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting................................................................. 27 Example of a manifold situated in a ceiling ............ 22 Traditional method with 16 joints .................................. 32 Wirsbo-PEX pipes on a rack where thermal length ........... 37 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting......... 26 A conduit run through joists with pipe clips ....... step 2 ...................................... 32 Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-Pipe on a rack will protect ...... 28 A temporary stand supports the pipe and manifold ..................................................................... 29 Suggested run of pipe along an inner wall ....Chapter 10 List of figures...... 40 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 55 ......... step 1 ...................... 33 Pipe supported only by anchor points......... 27 An example of a manifold attached to the wall .............. 33 A vertical exposed pipe run..... 16 Outline drawing of an installation. 29 An example of manifolds horizontally connected to........... 37 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting..................

............................................................... 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Text Page Assembling a WIPEX fitting .....................................................14 Pressure drop nomogram Wirsbo-PEX 0...................................... 45 56 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual ............................................Figure No............................... 43 Replacing a damaged pipe ................. 17 Heat emission loss Wirsbo-PEX 0........... 18 Thermal expansion............................ 50 Volume – Cubic feet into cubic metres and vice versa..................................... 42 Replacing a damaged pipe ............ 51 Mass.................................... 42 Replacing a damaged pipe ............................................................................ 43 Tables Table No................................ 13 Service conditions with safety factors.......... 46 Length – Inches (fractions) into millimetres ............................................................. 40 Reforming a Wirsbo-PEX pipe ........................................................... 12 Indication of required Wirsbo-PEX pipe dimension ......................6 MPa 90°C ... 46 Forces of expansion and contraction.....19 Thermal expansion.............................................................................. 35 Pressure testing ............................................................................................................. 31 Distances between hanger support bars in .......................................................................................... 51 Volume – US gallons into litres and vice versa............................................. example ..............................................0 MPa 90°C..................... 9 Design flow ...................... 53 Thermal conductivity – Btu · in/ft2 · h · degrees F into ............... 40 Assembling a WIPEX fitting ................. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Text Page Water flow demand .................................................... 21 Values based on total flow........................................................... 53 Pressure........ 24 Binding distances in accordance with prENV 12108 .................. 11 Pressure drop for various Wirsbo-PEX pipe dimen ........... 43 Replacing a damaged pipe ...................................................... 42 Replacing a damaged pipe ....... 49 Length – Feet into metres and vice versa....................................... 50 Surface – Square feet into square metres and vice versa ............... 15 Heat emission loss Wirsbo-PEX 1.. 21 Values based on total flow............................................................. 23 Values based on total flow.. 18 Calculated pressure loss for all outlets in the ............. 54 Energy ..............................6 MPa 90°C .. 52 Density – Pounds per cubic foot into kilograms per ..............................................0 MPa 90°C ................ 43 Replacing a damaged pipe ................................................... 54 Diagrams Diagram No............ weight – Pounds into kilograms and vice versa .......... 52 Temperature – Degrees Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius ............................10 Correction factors ........ 49 Length – Inches into millimetres and vice versa............. 17 Working pressure as a funcion on temperature for .............. 32 Material properties Wirsbo-PEX ........................................................................................................ 42 Replacing a damaged pipe .. 41 Replacing a damaged pipe .................................................. Text 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Page Pressure drop nomogram Wirsbo-PEX 1............ 41 Pipe end with a sharp tongue....................

Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 57 .

Wirsbo-PEX© is the registered Trade Mark of Uponor Wirsbo AB of Sweden. Wirsbo reserves the right to change specifications without prior notice.wirsbo. The products described in this manual are generally protected by Letters Patent throughout the world. Uponor Wirsbo AB Box 101 SE-730 61 Virsbo Sweden Phone +46 223 380 00 Fax +46 223 381 02 www.org Här får reklambyrå och tryckeri sätta ut tryckort 1127GB 01-12-2-M . In keeping with our policy of continuous improvement and development.

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