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Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy

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Published by: pcsamy on Sep 29, 2010
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07/11/2014

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If boreholes already exist in a thermal water area, it is comparatively easy to develop
a geothermal heat supply. In geothermal heat plants a feed pump fetches hot thermal
water from a production well to the surface (Figure 10.6 ). As thermal water often
has a high salt content, along with certain natural radioactive impurities, it cannot
be used directly to provide heat. A heat exchanger extracts the heat from the thermal
water and transfers it to a district heating grid. A reinjection well injects the cooled
thermal water back into the earth.

Figure 10.6 Principle of

a geothermal heat plant.

Relatively low temperatures of 100 ° C or less are sufficient for heating purposes.
Deep drilling depths are therefore not necessary.

10 Geothermal Energy – Power from the Deep

216

A central heat system controls the amount of output depending on the heat require-
ment. If heat requirements are particularly high, a peak - load boiler can cover the
heat peaks. A backup boiler is also helpful to guarantee reliable heat supply in case
problems occur with the extraction pump or the well.

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