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Ferrari

Ferrari

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Ferrari

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the automobile manufacturer. For other uses, see Ferrari (disambiguation).
Coordinates: 44.532447°N 10.864137°E

Ferrari S.p.A.

Type

Subsidiary

Industry

Automotive

Founded

1929

Founder(s)

Enzo Ferrari

Headquarters

Maranello, Italy

Key people

Luca di Montezemolo,(Chairman) Piero Ferrari, (Vice-President) Amedeo Felisa, (CEO) Giancarlo Coppa , (CFO)

Products

Sports cars

Revenue

¼ 1,921 million (2008)[1]

1 Supercars 3.4 Naming conventions 4 Identity o 4. as Scuderia Ferrari.926 (2007)[2] Parent Fiat S. is an Italian sports car manufacturer based in Maranello.A.p.Employees 2. Throughout its history. the company sponsored drivers and manufactured race cars before moving into production of street-legal vehicles as Ferrari S. especially in Formula One. Website Ferrari. Italy. the company has been noted for its continued participation in racing.1 Scuderia Ferrari 2. where it has enjoyed great success.com Ferrari S.p. in 1947.A.2 Concept cars and specials 3.3 Bio-fuel and hybrid cars 3. Contents [hide] 1 History 2 Motorsport o o 2.A. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1929.2 Race cars for other teams 3 Road cars o o o o 3.p.1 Colour 5 Corporate affairs o o 5.1 Technical partnerships 5.2 Sales history 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links [edit]History .

Enzo Ferrari's division was small enough to be unaffected by this. Italy. powered by a 1. the Scuderia briefly became Auto Avio Costruzioni Ferrari. where it has remained ever since. and usually used to mean "Team Ferrari".5 L V12 engine. in the non-competition period. see List of Ferrari competition cars. Enzo Ferrari reluctantly built and sold his automobiles to fundScuderia Ferrari. That record is now held by a Bugatti Atlantic which sold for over $28 million. for $12.[citation needed] In 1988. The factory was bombed by the Allies in 1944 and rebuilt in 1946. which ostensibly produced machine tools and aircraft accessories. Because he was prohibited by contract from racing for four years. It was the first actual Ferrari car (it debuted at the 1940 Mille Miglia). Also known as SEFAC (Scuderia Enzo Ferrari Auto Corse). it is correctly pronounced [skude ria] "skoo-deh-REE-ah") in 1929 as a sponsor for amateur drivers headquartered in Modena. and included a works for road car production. and successfully raced. a 1957 250 Testa Rossa (TR) was auctioned. this would remain little more than a source of funding for his first love. In 1941. In 1943 the Ferrari factory moved to Maranello.1 Million . when he was hired by Alfa Romeo to head their motor racing department. 2009 in Maranello. The first Ferrari road car was the 1947 125 S. by RM Auctions and Sotheby's. Ferrari prepared. the last new Ferrari to be launched before his death later that year. racing. and arguably one of the most famous supercars ever made. Enzo maintained a famous distaste for his customers. the Tipo 815.[citation needed] While his beautiful and fast cars quickly gained a reputation for excellence.a world record at that time for the most expensive car ever sold at an auction. Ferrari did in fact produce one race car. various drivers in Alfa Romeo cars until 1938. but due to World War II it saw little competition. . Alfa Romeo was confiscated by the Fascist government of Benito Mussolini as part of the Axis Powers' war effort. Enzo Ferrari oversaw the launch of the Ferrari F40.Main article: History of Ferrari Enzo Ferrari never intended to produce road cars when he formed Scuderia Ferrari (literally "Ferrari Stable". [3] [edit]Motorsport For a complete list of Ferrari racing cars. Until Il Commendatore's death. after the war ended. 166MM Barchetta 212/225. On May 17.

Ferrari is the oldest team in the championship. 1979. 2002. 2000. the team's records include 15 World Drivers Championship titles (1952.27 points. 2004 and 2007) 16 World Constructors Championship titles (1961. 2001. Alberto Ascari gave Ferrari its first Drivers Championship a year later. Ferrari has been involved in motorsport. It is the only team to have competed in the Formula One World Championship continuously since its inception in 1950. 1953.Ferrari 312T2 Formula One car driven by Niki Lauda Since the company's beginnings. 2004. and the most successful: the team holds nearly every Formula One record. Scuderia Ferrari won a Formula Onedriver's title in 2007. 4925. 1956. 1961. 2003. with Kimi Räikkönen. 1979. 2002. 1964. 1975. The 1940 AAC 815 was the first racing car to be designed by Enzo Ferrari. though it is currently only involved in Formula One. 622 podium finishes. 2007 and 2008). 2003. 2000. although it was not badged as a Ferrari model. 1964. and 218 fastest laps in 776 Grands Prix contested. [edit]Scuderia Ferrari Main article: Scuderia Ferrari Scuderia Ferrari has participated in a number of classes of motorsport. As of 2008. José Froilán González gave the team its first F1 victory at the 1951 British Grand Prix. 2001. 1975. 1977. 1958. 1999. 1982. 1976. . 203 pole positions. 1977. competing in a range of categories including Formula One andsports car racing through its Scuderia Ferrari sporting division as well as supplying cars and engines to other teams and for one make series. 1983. 209 Grand Prix victories.

Niki Lauda. followed by five . Luigi Chinetti. Juan Manuel Fangio. Michele Alboreto. Another win would come in 1958. along with the other F1 teams. winning the title seven out of its first nine years. Ferrari also entered cars in sportscar racing. Jean Alesi. Peter Collins. As of 2010 Fernando Alonso has started racing for Ferrari after racing for Renault. Gilles Villeneuve. the 1972 World Championship of Makes before Enzo decided to leave sports car racing after 1973 and allow Scuderia Ferrari to concentrate solely on Formula One. Eddie Irvine. Olivier Gendebien. Kimi Räikkönen. Felipe Massa. the two programs existing in parallel for many years. Jody Scheckter. Giancarlo Baghetti. in April 2008 Marlboro dropped their on-car branding on Ferrari. Lorenzo Bandini. Nigel Mansell. Ferrari went on to dominate the early years of the World Sportscar Championship which was created in 1953. In 1949. Patrick Tambay. Jacky Ickx. they also gained more wins at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Minardi and Mclaren. In addition to Formula One. made a promise to endsponsorship deals with tobacco manufacturers. Gerhard Berger. The drivers competing for 2009 were Felipe Massa and defending champion Kimi Räikkönen. At the end of the 2006 season. When the championship format changed in 1962. Luigi Chinetti drove a 166 M to Ferrari's first win in motorsports. and Fernando Alonso. the 24 Hours of Le Mans. A five year deal was agreed and although this is not due to end until 2011. Alain Prost. Rubens Barrichello. Michael Schumacher. Didier Pironi. During Ferrari's seasons of the World Sportscars Championship. A 312PB (driven by Jacky Ickx) during the team's final year in the World Sportscar Championship. René Arnoux.Notable Ferrari drivers include José Froilán González. Ferrari would win one final title. Ludovico Scarfiotti. filling Kimi Räikkönen's former seat. Ferrari earned titles in at least one class each year through to 1965 and then again in 1967. Wolfgang von Trips. John Surtees. Clay Regazzoni. Carlos Reutemann.Phil Hill. the team courted controversy by continuing to allow Marlboro to sponsor them after they. with the factory team earning their first in 1954. Alberto Ascari. Tazio Nuvolari. Mike Hawthorn.Mario Andretti.

the Ferrari 166 Inter. see List of Ferrari road cars. The 599 GTB Fiorano and F430 GT are used in GT racing series. and is therefore only used for track events. Ferrari has supplied racing cars to other entrants. [edit]Road cars For a complete list. from the 2008-09 season. and currently the F430GT2 and GT3 which are currently winning championships in their respective classes. which raced the Thinwall Special modified Ferraris before building their own Vanwall cars. One famous example was Tony Vandervell's team.consecutive wins from 1960 to 1964. the company's first move into the grand touring market. Luigi Chinetti's North American Racing Team (NART) would take Ferrari's final victory at Le Mans in 1965. .[5] The car was designed by Rory Byrne and is styled to resemble the 2004 Ferrari Formula one car. These include the BB 512 LM in the 1970s. the 2006 FXX is not road legal. which continues to make up the bulk of Ferrari sales to the present day. Ferrari supplied Formula One cars to a number of private entrants and other teams. the 333 SP which won the IMSA GT Championship in the 1990s. aside from its own works Scuderia Ferrari team. they have occasionally built various successful sports cars forprivateers. Ferrari's latest supercar. Ferrari 166 Inter Coupe Touring Ferrari's first vehicle was the 125 S sports/racing model. [edit]Race cars for other teams Throughout its history. In 1949. In the 1950s and 60s.[4] Ferrari supplied cars complete with V8 engines for the A1 Grand Prix series. The Ferrari Challenge is a one make racing series for the Ferrari F430. including future and concept car models. Although Scuderia Ferrari no longer participated in sports cars after 1973. The North American Racing Team's entries in the final three rounds of the 1969 season were the last occasions on which a team other than Scuderia Ferrari entered a World Championship Grand Prix with a Ferrari car.

For a time. which extends to the recent Enzo Ferrari and FXX models. This layout would go on to be used in most Ferraris of the 1980s and 1990s. The 1962 250 GTO may be considered the first in the line of Ferrari supercars. Ferrari entered the mid-engined 12-cylinder fray with the Berlinetta Boxer in 1973. The later Testarossa remains one of the most famous Ferraris. V6 and V8 Ferrari models make up well over half of the marque's total production. The Dino was the first mid-engined Ferrari. Zagato and Bertone. [edit]Concept cars and specials Ferrari P4/5 . culminating in the current 612 Scaglietti and California. The company has also produced front-engined 2+2 cars. Although they looked quite different from their 2-seat counterparts. [edit]Supercars Enzo Ferrari The company's loftiest efforts have been in the supercar market. Ferrari built 2+2 versions of its mid-engined V8 cars.Several early cars featured bodywork customised by a number of coachbuilders such as Pininfarina. both the GT4 and Mondial were closely related to the 308 GTB.

Thus. Called the "HY-KERS Concept".   V12 models used the displacement (in cubic centimetres) of one cylinder. At the 2010 Geneva Motor Show. However.  Halo Car F followed by the anniversary in years. . have threenumber designations that refer only to total engine displacement. Ferrari unveiled a hybrid version of their flagship 599. The first car under this program is theSP1. and Zagato to build custom cars using selected Ferrari models as a structural base. [edit]Bio-fuel and hybrid cars Ferrari has considered making hybrids.4 L V8. Therefore. which uses the same naming as the 206 and 348. while the348 used a 3. the original Berlinetta Boxer was the 365 GT4 BB. However. the BB 512 was five litre flat 12 (a Berlinetta Boxer. some of which have been commissioned by wealthy owners. such as the F40 and F50. the last digit refers to 5 valves per cylinder. Ferrari's hybrid system adds more than 100 horsepower on top of the 599 Fiorano's 612 HP. commissioned by an American enthusiast. in this case).Ferrari has produced a number of concept cars. but it will return in the upcoming F70. While some of these were quite radical (such as the Ferrari Modulo) and never intended for production. the famed 365 Daytona had a 4390 cc V12. such as the Ferrari Mythos. and the third is the P540 Superfast Aperta. commissioned by a Japanese business executive. for the F355. The numerical indication aspect of this name has carried on to the current V8 model. The Enzo skipped this rule. which was named in a similar manner to the V12 models. Upon introduction of the 360 Modena. such as the 599. The Special Projects program is a collaboration by Ferrari with Italian automobile coachbuilders such asFioravanti. A number of one-off special versions of Ferrari road cars have also been produced. The F430's replacement. The most recent concept car to be produced by Ferrari themselves was the 2010 Ferrari Millechili. A F430 Spider that runs on ethanol was displayed at the 2008 Detroit Auto Show. is the 458 Italia. Therefore. others such as the Ferrari Mythos have shown styling elements which were later incorporated into production models. the digits for V8 models (which now carried a name as well as a number) refer only to total engine displacement. although. Ferrari followed a three-number naming scheme based on engine displacement: V6 and V8 models used the total displacement (in decilitres) for the first two digits and the number of cylinders as the third. some newer V12-engined Ferraris.0 L V6 powered vehicle.  Flat 12 (boxer) models used the displacement in litres. however. Ferrari has announced that a hybrid will be in production by 2015. Pininfarina. The second is the Ferrari P4/5. the F430.[6] [edit]Naming conventions Until the early 1980s. the 206 was a 2.

and F355 GTS. a365 GTB/4 model run by NART (who raced Ferrari's in America) ran second. The Daytona name commemorates Ferrari's triple success in the February 1967 24 Hours of Daytona with the 330 P4[7]. Only in the 1973 Daytona 24 Hours. denotes a modified version of its predecessor and not a complete evolution (seeF512 M and 575 M Maranello). The various Dino models were named for Enzo's son. In general.    GTB ("Gran Turismo Berlinetta") models are closed Berlinettas. Many Ferraris also had other names affixed (like Daytona) to identify them further. Many such names are actually not official factory names. the following conventions were used: M ("Modificata"). this suffix is used for targa top models (see Dino 246 GTS. and were marketed as Dinos by Ferrari and sold at Ferrari dealers²for all intents and purposes they are Ferraris. Ferrari added the letter "F" to the beginning of all models (a practice abandoned after the F512 M and F355. placed at the end of a model's number. but adopted again with the F430). In the mid 1990s. as some entirely different vehicles used the same engine type and body style. . and 360 Spider). the exception being the 348 TS. behind a Porsche 911[8]. Some models. Dino Ferrari. are open Spyders (spelt "y"). or coupes. such as the 1980 Mondial and the 1984 Testarossa did not follow a three-number naming scheme. The convertible models now use the suffix "Spider" (spelt "i") (see F355 Spider. in more recent models. however. or convertibles (see 365 GTS/4). This naming system can be confusing. which is the only targa named differently). GTS ("Gran Turismo Spyder") in older models. 612 Scaglietti Sessanta Edition Most Ferraris were also given designations referring to their body style.

. his birthplace. but Ferrari chose to have the horse in black (as it had been painted as a sign of grief on Baracca's squadron planes after the pilot was killed in action) and he added a canary yellow background as this is the color of the city of Modena. The road cars have a rectangular badge on the hood (see picture above). and. white and red (the Italian national colors) at the top. the shield-shaped race logo on the sides of both front wings. markedly different from the Baracca horse in most details. Ferrari has used the cavallino rampante on official company stationery since 1929. 1923. On June 17. the cavallino rampante has been used on Alfa Romeos raced by Scuderia Ferrari. optionally. an ace of the Italian air force and national hero of World War I. Enzo Ferrari won a race at the Savio track in Ravenna where he met the Countess Paolina. 1932. close to the door. the most noticeable being the tail that in the original Baracca version was pointing downward.A pair of Ferraris at an Italian car meet. The Ferrari horse was. from the very beginning. The Countess asked Enzo to use this horse on his cars. 2010 [edit]Identity Count Francesco Baracca The famous symbol of the Ferrari race team is the Cavallino Rampante ("prancing horse") black prancing stallion on a yellow shield. The original "prancing horse" on Baracca's airplanewas painted in red on a white cloud-like shape. suggesting that it would bring him good luck. who used to paint a horse on the side of his planes. with three stripes of green. Since the Spa 24 Hours of July 9. usually with the letters S F (for Scuderia Ferrari). mother of Count Francesco Baracca.

This was done as a protest concerning arguments between Ferrari and the Italian Racing Authorities regarding the homologation of a new mid-engined Ferrari race car. and his father too was a military pilot during WWI (although not part of Baracca's squadron. as is sometimes mistakenly reported).g. for instance. Curiously. Cavallino Magazine uses the name. Ferrari won the 1964 World championship with John Surtees by competing the last two races in North America with cars painted in the US-American race colors white and blue. It refers to the nationality of the competing team. Many pay homage to the Ferrari logo. Italian race cars of Alfa Romeo. As Ferrari's fame grew. as doesIron Horse Bicycles. home of Mercedes-Benz and the design bureau of Porsche. not that of the car manufacturer or driver. as these were not entered by the Italian factory themselves. centred in the emblem of the state of Württemberg. The city's name derives from Stutengarten. [edit]Colour Main article: Rosso corsa Since the 1920s. like Baracca's horse. as recommended between the World Wars by the organizations that later would become the FIA. an Austrian company operating over 100 filling stations. This was the customary national racing color of Italy. but unlike Ferrari's cavallino. However. it can be found on ancient coins. an ancient form of the German word Gestüt. Fabio Taglioni used the cavallino rampante on his Ducati motorbikes. other companies use similar logos: Avanti. Porsche also includes the Stuttgart sign in its corporate logo. the Jamiroquai album Travelling Without Moving. Maserati and later Ferrari and Abarth were (and often still are) painted in "race red" (Rosso Corsa). as Taglioni was born at Lugo di Romagna like Baracca.-based North American Racing Team (NART) team. and British greensuch as the mid 1960s Lotus and BRM. In that scheme.The motif of a prancing horse is old. Ducati abandoned the horse. . German like Benz and Mercedes white (since 1934 also bare sheet metal silver). e.S.perhaps the result of a private agreement between the two companies. uses a prancing horse logo which is nearly identical to Ferrari's. Stuttgart's Rössle has both rear legs firmly planted on the soil. but not the logo. both being main competitors of Alfa and Ferrari in the 1930s. which translates into English as stud farm and into Italian as scuderia. Austrian Fuel Stations The cavallino rampante is the visual symbol of Ferrari. A similar black horse on a yellow shield is the Coat of Arms of theGerman city of Stuttgart. French-entered cars like Bugatti were blue. but by the U.

Ferrari also runs a museum. which displays road and race cars and other items from the company's history. MotoGP and World Superbike racing teams.070 2001[12] 4.289 2002[13] 4. and currently supply Scuderia Toro Rosso and Sauber.236 2003[14] 4. the Galleria Ferrari in Maranello.975 . clothing. watches. including eyewear.238 2004[15] 4. For example. pencils. [edit]Technical partnerships Ferrari has had a long standing relationship with Shell Oil. electronic goods. cologne. It is a technical partnership with Ferrari and Ducati to test as well as supply fuel and oils to the Formula One. high-tech bicycles. perfume. [9] Ferrari have had agreements to supply Formula One engines to a number of other teams over the years. pens. and even laptop computers.775 2000[11] 4. cell phones. [edit]Sales history Sales to end customers Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 1999[10] 3. the Shell V-Power premium gasoline fuel has been developed with the many years of technical expertise between Shell and Ferrari.[edit]Corporate affairs Ferrari also has an internally managed merchandising line that licenses many products bearing the Ferrari brand.

2005[16] 5.409 2006[17] 5.465 2008[19] 6.587 [edit]See also .671 2007[18] 6.

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