Joukowski Airfoils

The concept behind Joukowski airfoils is to start with the known solution for flow about a cicular cylinder and to “map” this solution to the flow about an airfoil like shape using conformal mapping theory. Jouwski airfoils are generated by a conformal mapping of a displaced circle using the mapping function:

ζ = z + 1/ z z = x + iy

The cicle of radius=a is displaced by an amount

µ = xc + iyc

Therefore

z = µ + aeiθ
xc = − (t / c) / 1. 299 yc = 2 ( m / c )

The thickness ratio (t/c) and maximum camber (m/c) are approximately related by

The geometry of the transformation is illustrated below. (Note that the displaced circle is located so that it passes through the point (1,0) )

1.5 Displaced Circle 1 0.5

xc,yc
0 -0.5

a

-1

The velocity on the surface of a cylinder with circulation in a freestream at an angle of alpha is: Vθ = − 2V∞ sin(θ − α ) − .The circulation and corresponding lift coefficient are: Γ = 4 πaV∞ sin(α + β) Cl = 2 π(a / c) sin(α + β) . The velocity on the airfoil is given by: Γ 2 πa Vair  z2 dζ = Vθ = Vθ  2 z − dz    1  The pressure coefficient is then: 2 Vair Cp = 1 − 2 V∞ The circulation is determined by the Kutta condition that requires the velocity at the trailing edge( θ = − β ) to be finite.

Matlab Routines Jouukplot.m .

m . potoential lines and velocity field .calculates streamlines.Matlab Routine Joukvel.

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