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The Dictionary of lslam by Thomas Patrick Hughes. (1979) p. 91

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Middle-class woman acquired education and a chance at a career at the very time she lost her domestic servant'> and the unpaid household help of relatives living in the old, large family; she had to become either a household drudge or carrytbe intolerably heavy load of two simultaneous fulltime jobs.

7ime, March 20,1972

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MALE

I. Austria 47.07%

2. Burma 48.81

3. Germany 48.02

4. France 48.99

S. Italy 48.89

6. Poland 48.61

7. Spain 48.94

8. Switzerland 48.67

9. Soviet Union 46.59

10. United States 48.58

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married to him: paramour.

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Among most peoples who permit or prefer it. the large majority of men live in monogamy because of the limited number of women (V 111/97).

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Islam, instead of being a religion which is open to popular opinion, seems to have become a religion of laws impervious to change. The recent controversy on the payment of alimony and the rigid attitude displayed by most Islamic leaders in this country is yet another instance of this imperviousness to change.

1M Hindus/an Times (Nc:w Delhi) April 6. 1987.

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Ghazan Khan (reigned 1295-1304) was able to embrace Islam amid general acceptance by his army. and his successors were all Muslims. Within less than 40 years after Hulagu's terrible invasion. his descendants had become patrons of Muslim culture (9/933).

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The Mongols and the savage tribes that followed in their wake were at length brought to submit to the faith of those Muslim peoples whom they had crushed beneath their feet.

The Preaching of Is/~m. p. 229

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Nur Jahan enjoyed great influence and authority and became a power behind the throne. Nur Jahan exercised a strong influence on her husband and looked after him with unparalleled care and devotion. Under her influence Jahangir restrained himself from excessive drinking. She relieved him of much of the drudgery of administrative routine and anxiety. She enhanced the splendour of.the Mughal.court and ably seconded the efforts of her husband in patronizing learning and art and disbursing charity (9/383).

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It is interesting to Dote that the propagation of Islam has' not been the work of men only. but that Muslim women have also taken their part in this pious task.Several of the Mongol princes owed their conversion to the influence of a Muslim wife. and the same was probably the case with many of the pagan Turks when they had carried their raids into Muhammadan countries.

T.W. Arnold. The Preaching of I~/Qm. 1976. p. 415

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