P. 1
Limiting

# Limiting

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11/14/2011

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80 g of water.87 g Li3N (3(6. What is the limiting reactant? Solution Li3N (s) + 3H2O (l) NH3 (g) + 3LiOH (aq) mol Li3N = m/M = 4.Ammonia gas and lithium hydroxide are produced when 4.01)g/mol = 4.87 g of lithium nitride reacts with 5.140 mol Li3N .87 g/ 34.83 g/mol = 0.94) + 14.

80 g H2O/18.02 g/mol = 0.140 mol Li3N) 1 mol Li3N = 0.mol H2O = 5.322 mol H2O Determine mol of NH3 produced from each reactant x mol of NH3 = 1 mol NH3 X (0. .140 mol x mol of NH3 = 1 mol NH3 X (0.322 mol H2O) 3 mol H2O = 0.107 mol Therefore H2O is the limiting reactant.

mass or particles) . Identify the limiting reactant and express in moles.e. Calculate the amount of required substance by using the limiting reactant.Using the limiting reactant to determine the amount of product 1. 2. 3. 4. Write a balanced chemical equation. Convert the amount of required substance to required quantity (i.

00 g of ClO2 is mixed with 19.00 g of water. 6 ClO2 (g) + 3 H2O (l) 5 HClO3 (aq) + HCl (aq) a) If 71. is a reactive oxidizing agent. It is used to purify water.Example 2: Chloride dioxide. ClO2. what is the limiting reactant? b) What mass of HClO3 is expected in part (a)? c) How many molecules of HCl are expected in part (a)? .

053 mol ClO2 x mol HCl = = 1 mol HCl 6 mol ClO2 1 mol HCl x 1.45 g/mol = 1.00))g/mol = 71.00 g/67.054 mol x mol HCl = 1.053 mol n of H2O = m/M = 19.00 g/18.45 + 2(16.1755 mol HCl .00 g/ (35.02 g/mol = 1.a) What is the limiting reactant? n of ClO2 = m/M = 71.053 mol ClO2 6 mol ClO2 0.

x mol HCl = 1.3513 mol HCl Therefore the limiting reactant was ClO2.054 mol H2O x mol HCl = = 1 mol HCl 3 mol H2O 1 mol HCl x 1. .054 mol H2O 3 mol H2O 0.

11 g Therefore 74. .053 mol ClO2 6 mol ClO2 0.8775 mol HClO3 Mass of HClO3 = n x M = 0.8775 mol x 84.053 mol ClO2 x mol HClO3 = = 5 mol HClO3 6 mol ClO2 5 mol HClO3 x 1.b) What is the mass of HClO3 expected? x mol HClO3 = 1.45 + 3(16.46 g/mol = 74.11 g of HClO3 would be produced.8775 mol x (1.01 + 35.00)) g/mol = 0.

c) How many molecules of HCl are expected? x mol HCl = 1 mol HCl 1.053 mol ClO2 6 mol ClO2 x mol HCl = = 1 mol HCl x 1.1755 mol x 6.057 x 1023 molecules of HCl Therefore the 1.053 mol ClO2 6 mol ClO2 0.057 x 1023 molecules of HCl would be produced.1755 mol HCl Number of molecules HCl N = n x NA = 0. .02 x 1023 molecules mol = 1.

Homework: Read section 7. 235 . 258 # 28-30 Nelson Read section 5.2 p. 231-32 and 5-10 p. 230 Ans 1-4 p.5 p. 254 # 24-27 p.

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