Y R A L U B VOC A
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS
◆ Health and Safety ◆ Car and Driver ◆ Responsible Citizenship ◆ Nutrition and Cooking

VOCABULARY in context
ELLIOTT QUINLEY
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VOCABULARY iin nc o n te x t context

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS HISTORY MEDIA
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GEOGRAPHY WORDS LITERATURE WORDS CAREER WORDS

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MARKETPLACE WORDS
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MUSIC, ART, SCIENCE

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TECHNOLOGY WORDS
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WORKPLACE

Three Watson Irvine, CA 92618-2767 E-Mail: info@sdlback.com Website: www.sdlback.com Development and Production: Laurel Associates, Inc. Cover Design: Elisa Ligon Interior Illustrations: Katherine Urrutia, Debra A. LaPalm, C. S. Arts Copyright © 2002 by Saddleback Educational Publishing. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without the written permission of the publisher. ISBN 1-56254-392-X Printed in the United States of America 07 06 05 04 03 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

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.................................. 27 UNIT 4 Preview ........... 52 ▼ End-of-Book Test .............. 84 3 Tools and Tasks ........................... 40 5 How to Paint a Room ......... 21 5 Practicing Conservation ......... 90 1 Glossary ............... 74 ▼ Unit 3 Review ............................................ 46 7 Vocabulary Stretch ... 12 4 Understanding Mass Mailings .............. 71 7 Vocabulary Stretch ............................................... 37 4 Will You Lend a Hand? .. 34 3 Easy Biscuits ......... 31 2 Computers and Health .... 62 1 Glossary ..................... 93 6 Safe Driving Quiz ............................................................. 56 2 Buying Life Insurance ............... 49 ▼ Unit 2 Review ............................ 87 4 Communities Against Graffiti ......................................... 6 2 Are You “Test-Wise”? ..................................... 30 LESSON 1 Glossary ...................................................... 43 6 Good Mental Health ...................... ▼ Word List ........ 5 LESSON 1 Glossary .......... 24 ▼ Unit 1 Review ......... 99 ▼ Unit 4 Review .............................................. 55 LESSON UNIT 1 Preview ... 68 6 Washing Your Car .......................... 102 5 A Gardening Project ................... 15 5 Controlling Pests ... 59 3 Megavitamins: A Good Idea? .................... 18 6 A Car’s Safety Features .....EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS CONTENTS ▼ Introduction ..... 81 2 Reading Food Labels .......................................... 9 3 Beware of Telephone Scams ....... 80 LESSON UNIT 2 Preview . 4 UNIT 3 Preview ....... 77 7 Vocabulary Stretch ................................................... 105 109 3 .................... 65 4 Keep Your Cool! ................... 96 7 Vocabulary Stretch ...

and Music. A word of advice: Don’t stop “thinking about words” when you finish this program. grammatical word forms. Think about it: As far as other people are concerned. And word power obviously increases your effectiveness as a communicator. you must incorporate the new words you learn into your everyday speech and writing. connotations. A first-class vocabulary must be constantly renewed! In order to earn a reputation as a firstrate communicator. such as drawing conclusions and completing analogies.INTRODUCTION Welcome to VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT! A well-developed vocabulary pays off in many important ways. your ideas are only as convincing as the words you use to express them. These strategies include the study of synonyms and antonyms. Workplace and Careers. In other words. Each worktext presents topic-related readings with key terms in context. and suffixes. 4 . There are six thematic books in the series—Everyday Living. Science and Technology. the vocabulary you use when you speak or write always significantly adds or detracts from what you have to say. and Literature. Media and Marketplace. Follow-up exercises provide a wide variety of practice activities to help you unlock the meanings of unfamiliar words. Art. Thinking skills. The program was designed to enrich your personal “word bank” with many hundreds of high-frequency and challenging words. History and Geography. and the efficient use of a dictionary and thesaurus. VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT was written especially for you. word roots. are included as reinforcement. prefixes. Better-than-average “word power” makes it easier to understand everything you read and hear—from textbook assignments to TV news reports or instructions on how to repair a bicycle.

F 3. F 4. _____ Soap and toilet paper are two staples that people keep in their homes. pronoun c. T 2. concepts. 2. d 3. barnyard b. _____ Pesticide is an antonym of insecticide. _____ Road rage is usually an effect of excessive stress. _____ Gullible people are sometimes known as con artists. compound word 4. 1. c 5 . 4. T 6. 3. and skills you will study in this unit. a 4. prefix 3. b 2. part of speech 2. _____ Solicitors are important safety features in your car. _____ It can be dangerous to recline your seat-back while you are driving. TRUE OR FALSE Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY Draw a line to match each item on the left with an appropriate example on the right. Latin root a. F 7. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. cide d. 8. en- ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS UNIT 1 PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. 1. _____ Analogies are statements of relationship. 7. 6. 5. _____ Adjectives are words that describe adverbs. F 5. T 8. T ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY: 1.

glossary entries are drawn from the various activities of everyday life. You show consideration for other people when you follow the rules of _________________________. 6 . a timetable staples common articles or food items kept in readiness for use thrive to grow in a strong. often forbidden by law schedule a plan showing dates and times when parts of a project should be completed. 1. to examine it carefully ballot paper or card on which a voter marks his or her choice bank account money deposited in a bank where it is held ready for withdrawal by the depositor consumer person who buys products or services cultivate to prepare soil and grow crops detour route used when the regular route is blocked or closed to traffic entrée the main dish of a meal etiquette rules of proper conduct. 2. academic having to do with formal schooling analyze to study something part by part. Driving the wrong way on a one-way street is _________________________ by law.UNIT 1 Lesson 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical list of useful terms. good manners obligation a legal or moral duty or responsibility passage a section of a speech or a piece of writing pedestrians people who are walking instead of driving or riding prohibited describes something not allowed. healthy way WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the glossary to complete the sentences. In this book.

Sugar and flour are _________________________ found in most people’s kitchen cupboards. you might be asked to _________________________ the causes of America’s Civil War. 7. When you sign a contract. 8. 11. you will need a shovel. 12.3. In order to establish a _________________________. When you arrive at a polling place. a trowel. 4. To _________________________ a garden plot. 7 . a crosswalk is provided for _________________________. you take on a legal _________________________. On an essay test. you will be given a _________________________. At most intersections. 13. Your _________________________ history is an important part of your résumé. 10. and a hoe. 6. 5. 9. you must fill out a form and deposit some money. Seedlings need plenty of sunshine and water if they are to _________________________. Roast beef is the most popular _________________________ served at this restaurant. A customer in a store can also be called a _________________________.

______________________________________________________________ 7. Check the bus _________________________ to see where you will have to transfer to another route. Two different meanings of the word staples are: a. Two different meanings of the word passage are: a. drivers usually have to make a _________________________. 15. ______________________________________________________________ b. 4. The adjective form of obligation is __________________________. The noun form of analyze is ____________________. 2. The noun form of academic is __________________________. ______________________________________________________________ b. ______________________________________________________________ 6. The verb form of consumer is __________________________.14. LOOK IT UP! Check a dictionary to find the information you need to complete the sentences. 1. 3. When roads are being repaired. 5. The teacher asked Tim to read a _________________________ from Romeo and Juliet. The noun form of prohibit is __________________________. 16. 8 .

2. What five-letter verb in the reading means “to make a judgment without having enough facts to be certain”? _______________________ g r 3. Read the questions and all possible answers carefully. Allow most of your time for questions that are worth the most points. After you answer the questions you know. 3. Then try to recall some examples. Budget your time. never. none of the above. Change an answer only if you have a good reason to do so. try these strategies: • For a multiple-choice item.UNIT 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 2 Are You “Test-Wise”? Here are some useful strategies to help you improve your performance on objective tests at school. 4. Glance over the test. answer all the questions. What nine-letter adjective in the reading means “left over”? _______________________ 9 . eliminate those choices you know are not correct. 5. If you still can’t answer a question. Start with the easiest questions. What seven-letter adjective in the reading means “requiring the least effort”? _______________________ e 2. • Try paraphrasing the question. WORD SEARCH 1. • If you have time. Underline key words and qualifiers such as all of the above. always. 1. noting the types of questions and the number of points each section is worth. Then choose among the remaining alternatives. • If there is no penalty for guessing. and so on. reread the questions you didn’t answer the first time. even if you have to guess blindly. check over the exam before you turn it in.

check over your exam before you turn it in. tutor 2. techniques used to accomplish something ANALOGIES b. a. hiring a tutor to coach you Analogies are statements of relationship. studying during peak hours c. Then complete each analogy with a word from the reading. justification c. Find the relationship between the first two words. plan how to best use 4. a. equate time with money b. r Opinion is to fact as subjective is to __________________________. a. a.WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or phrase as it is used in each sentence. Never change a test answer unless you have a good reason for doing so. b m Affirm is to reaffirm as read is to __________________________. 2. 1. budget b. reading it backward 5. Skillful test-takers know how to budget their time. If you have time. a. 3. One is to several as single is to __________________________. review b. revise c. reading it aloud b. restating it in your own words c. Adjective is to blind as adverb is to __________________________. 4. o 10 . add check marks 3. Employing certain strategies can help you get better test grades. work very quickly c. 1. Paraphrasing a test question sometimes helps you to understand it better.

use each word in two original sentences. choices 10. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. part 9. select 4. exams 8.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 1. important 2. upgrade 7. reject 5. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11 . ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. begin SYLLABLES 9 S 7 8 T S A 10 R Find the two words in the crossword puzzle that have four syllables (word parts spoken with a single sound). finalize 6. ACROSS 1 2 3. The clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. remember DOWN 3 K C C 4 E 5 I 6 1. On the lines below.

What seven-letter verb in the reading means “disturbs or pesters in an annoying way”? ______________________ b s 3. What seven-letter verb in the reading means “to cheat or trick someone for financial gain”? ______________________ s 2.UNIT 1 Lesson 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Beware of Telephone Scams Some con artists swindle gullible people over the telephone.) Particularly. To avoid becoming a victim of telephone fraud. If the call includes just about any promise of sudden riches. note the following details and include them in your report to the police: • the name or title the caller used to identify himself or herself • what the person said about the firm that he or she claimed to represent • what the caller promised or offered • what the caller told you to do (Give personal information? Mail money. What seven-letter verb in the reading means “to guess that something might be true”? ______________________ 12 . simply hang up. call the police. or credit card number. do not reveal your address. bank account number. If you suspect the telephone offer is a fraud. 3. or arrange for someone to pick it up?) WORD SEARCH 1. follow these tips provided by the police: 1. Social Security number. Never give a stranger any personal information. (This rule applies to any unknown persons seeking information in person or by mail as well as by telephone. If a solicitor bothers you with requests for money or tries to argue. 2.

6. 4.ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. familiar 4. withhold 7 P ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. aggressor 6. Then complete the analogy with a word from the reading that shows the same relationship. Write is to keyboard as speak is to __________________________. c t r a a s 13 . Climb is to climber as call is to _________________________. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. customer 7. Identification is to identify as application is to __________________________. 1. Answer is to reply as ask is to __________________________. Deceive is to mislead as cheat is to __________________________. sophisticated 3. ACROSS 1 1. 2. 3. 5. to seek 5. Explain is to clarify as debate is to __________________________. public DOWN 5 G 2 U 3 A 4 V S 6 R 2.

__________________________ 6. __________________________ 14 .DESCRIPTIVE WORDS Cross out two words that could not be used to describe each boldface item. facts. LURE ________________________ ERCHIS ______________________ LUGBILEL ____________________ NOINIFORTAM ______________________ LUCYTARPRAIL ______________________ NUDSYLED _________________________ 1. standard. Then write each unscrambled word next to its synonyms (words with similar meanings). data. __________________________ 4. __________________________ 5. 1. inexperienced. specifically. innocent. immediately. fraud bargain SYNONYMS reputable criminal convincing compassionate outsider nonacquaintance mentor unidentified trickery hoax opportunity scheme Unscramble the words from the reading. con artists charming 2. __________________________ 2. __________________________ 3. fortune. wealth. stranger sibling 3. guideline. Use a dictionary if you’re not sure of a word’s meaning. unexpectedly. especially.

Stop attracting trouble by tailgating. and then practice new ways of behaving.” but that doesn’t excuse your own bad behavior. Alcohol slows your thinking and spurs you to act out. Caffeine promotes anxiety and irritability. And road rage—uncontrolled anger while driving—can be deadly. for example. Watch your intake of caffeine and alcohol. admit it. If you have a problem with anger. Someone else may have “started it. trigger heart attacks. Decide to change your behavior. Do you really want to give other people the power to make you upset? Try counting to 10 or taking deep breaths for a minute or two.UNIT 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 4 Keep Your Cool! Anger affects your health. Such behaviors also raise blood pressure. What eight-letter noun in the reading names a substance that stimulates the heart and nervous system? _______________________ c 15 . ulcers. for example. Responding quietly—instead of blowing your top—alters your breathing pattern and slows the damaging physical effects of stress. When you’re driving. Ask yourself what mistake you are making. Besides. People who habitually yell and argue create much unhappiness and cause a lot of trouble. Distract yourself. do you follow other cars too closely? Work on it. What ten-letter noun in the reading names the practice of driving too closely to the car ahead of you? _______________________ t 2. Don’t set yourself up for anger. getting mad doesn’t solve problems. and contribute to strokes. and digestive problems. WORD SEARCH 1. Practice saying “Be my guest” if another driver cuts you off or gives you a rude gesture. Here are some expert tips on how to “simmer down”: Be honest.

chemical substances . b. 1. figurative language. violent tremors b. ACROSS 1 2 R A 3 2. 5. 3. a. 3. bad grammar. Caffeine and alcohol can play a big part in uncontrolled anger. dull aches 2. formal speech. legally prohibited c. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “a motion made with some part of the body to express a feeling or idea”? _______________________ g 4. open sores c. 4. lethal 8. Phrases such as “simmer down” and “blow your top” are examples of a. a. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. elevate suggestions tension confess shout 6 D Y 8 E WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to complete the sentence or show the meaning of each boldface word or words. 7. changes 6. food groups 16 b. c. What eight-letter verb in the reading means “to divert or draw away one’s attention to something else”? _______________________ d SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading.3. results DOWN T 4 S 5 A 7 1. Severe frustration and stress can result in stomach ulcers.

2. 5. incurable. 3.4. check a dictionary. c. ANTONYMS b. uneasy. agree ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ CHANGING PARTS OF SPEECH Complete each sentence with the correct form of the boldface word from the reading. deny 7. b. expert. destroy 2. polite ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 5. A person who is suffering from anxiety feels a. Find the mystery words (reading from top to bottom) by filling in the blanks with words from the reading. 17 . sure. ____________________ is the noun form of the verb alter. confident. 1. If you need help. habitual. halt 8. dominant. The adjective form of the noun behavior is ____________________. c. focus 6. A behavior that is consistently repeated without thinking about it has become a. Answer words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the clue words. distressed. deceitful 3. nervous. bored. drowsy. happy 4. lethargic. 1. ____________________ is the noun form of the adjective digestive.

flat surface on top of your lower kitchen cabinets? ______________________ c s 3. Ant baits are usually less toxic than sprays. fix leaky faucets and pipes. How do you get rid of ants? Try to control them with the least toxic products. If you must use an insecticide. Don’t forget that ants. need food and water. Using a pesticide spray should be your last resort. Put the sugar bowl—and every other sweet thing—in the refrigerator. Also make sure that food is stored in tightly sealed containers. WORD SEARCH 1. like any pests. Break up ant trails. Even tiny crumbs attract ants. What five-letter adjective in the reading could be used to describe a dripping faucet? 18 ______________________ ______________________ l . Soap washes away the chemical trail that ants follow. And empty the kitchen trash can every day. What seven-letter noun names the long. The first line of defense is cleanliness. That’s why you should wipe down counters thoroughly after preparing food.UNIT 1 Lesson 5 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Controlling Pests Have you ever been surprised to see a long line of ants parading across your kitchen counter? When the outside temperature falls. Remember that even small traces of pesticides washed down the sink drain into waterways and harm sensitive aquatic life. To keep things dry as well as clean. What nine-letter adjective in the reading means “delicate or easily injured”? 4. choose the least toxic one. You can clean up ants with a vacuum or spray them with soapy water and wipe them up with a sponge. ants come indoors to seek warmth. That’s why ants are often found crawling around the bathroom sink and tub. What four-letter verb in the reading means “to go out in search of ”? ______________________ s 2.

ITCOX ______________________ HARTS _____________________ CAUFTES MURBSC ______________________ _________________________ 1. ACROSS 1 2 4. ____________________: dabs. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. filthy SYNONYMS T Unscramble the words from the reading. Then write each unscrambled word next to its synonyms (words with similar meanings). sizable DOWN C 5 4 T L 1. rubbish 4. particles 2. reject 5. poisonous 3. ____________________: contaminating. ____________________: spigots.ANTONYMS Solve the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. taps 19 . loosely 3. short 8 7 6 C L R 6. attract 8. foster 2. ____________________: scraps. carelessly 3 H T 7.

People who kill themselves commit the act of ____________________. The root cide. d Scrub is to brush as wipe is to _________________________. Tub is to bathroom as sink is to _________________________. An ____________________ is a poison especially formulated to kill insects. for example. Milk is to pitcher as sugar is to _________________________. 1. 1. Welcome is to guest as unwelcome is to _________________________. means “kill. 5. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. 2. 3. Then complete each analogy with a word from the reading that shows the same relationship. MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Use each of the boldface words in two sentences of your own. Drink is to water as eat is to _________________________. A ____________________ is a chemical substance used to kill a wide range of plant and animal pests. s THE LATIN ROOT cide Many English words are based on Latin roots. 2.ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. counter (noun) _________________________________________________ counter (verb) __________________________________________________ 20 .” Use words that end in cide to complete the sentences below. p k f b Attack is to offense as repel is to _________________________. 6. 1. Any illegal killing of one human being by another is called a ____________________. 4. fall (verb) ______________________________________________________ fall (noun) ______________________________________________________ 2. 3. 4.

UNIT 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS

Lesson 6

A Car’s Safety Features

SEAT BELTS Seat belts are the single most effective safety device in your automobile. When worn correctly, a seat belt can prevent serious injury or death in a crash. When properly worn, seat belts: • keep you connected to the vehicle. This allows you to take advantage of the vehicle’s built-in safety features. • help protect you in almost any type of crash, including frontal, side, and rear impacts as well as rollovers. • keep you from being thrown around the inside of the vehicle and against other occupants. • prevent your ejection from the vehicle. • hold you in the best position in case the airbags deploy.

AIRBAGS Airbags supplement the protection that seat belts give to the torso and legs. They provide a cushion to help restrain and protect the head and chest. Here are some important facts about airbags: • If you have a moderate to severe frontal collision, the airbags will instantly inflate. • After inflating, airbags deflate immediately. They won’t interfere with the driver’s visibility. • Most occupants of the vehicle will not realize that the airbags deployed until they see them lying deflated on their laps. • Airbags can be hazardous to children. An inflating front airbag can strike with enough force to seriously injure—or even kill—a small child.

WEAR SAFETY BELTS

To get maximum protection from seat belts and airbags, be sure to adjust your front seats properly. Move both seats as far back as possible from the steering wheel and dashboard. Whenever the car is moving, keep adjustable seat-backs in an upright position. Reclining a seat-back too far can allow a person to slide under a seat belt in a crash, resulting in serious injury.

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WORD SEARCH

1. What six-letter noun in the reading means an “instrument” or “mechanism”? 2. What eight-letter verb in the reading means to “control” or “hold back”? 3. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “forced departure”?
SYNONYMS

_______________________

d r e

_______________________

_______________________

Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words.
ACROSS

1. significant 5. activate

1

S

2

C

3

6. permit
5

T
6

4

F

7. car
DOWN

D

A

1. slip
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2. crash 3. trunk 4. power
WORD FORMS

A

Many words can be written in different forms to become different parts of speech. The noun danger, for example, can be rewritten as an adjective (dangerous) or a verb (endanger). On the lines below, write sentences of your own, using the word forms indicated.

1. noun form of the verb adjust ______________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

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2. adjective form of the noun vision __________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. verb form of the noun inflation ___________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. verb form of the noun collision ____________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
ANTONYMS

First unscramble the boldface words from the reading. Then draw a line to match each word with its antonym (word with the opposite meaning).

1. NOTRALF 2. FIVEFECET 3. RIFTEENER 4. TRADEMOE

________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________

a. extreme b. assist c. rear d. useless

WORDS IN CONTEXT

Read the sentences. Then use words from the reading to complete the sentences.

1. When you drive, you and your passengers are ____________________ of the vehicle. 2. Your seat-back should be kept in an ____________________ position. 3. A safety device called an ____________________ can protect your head and chest. 4. A head-on crash into another car would be called a ____________________ collision.

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3. In a materialistic society.UNIT 1 Lesson 7 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS VOCABULARY STRETCH Get out your dictionary and thesaurus! The challenging words in this lesson were especially chosen to stretch the limits of your vocabulary. 1. Now write sentences of your own. (1) read the dictionary definitions of all the boldface words. 5. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. LOOK IT UP! Circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. Steven’s ( austere / vapid ) remarks in class are annoying to the teacher. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. and (2) check out the context clues in each sentence. Brad’s solution to the problem may not be ( malleable / viable ). 4. 1. Before selecting a word. ( decorum / avarice ) is common. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. 2. using the boldface words you did not use to complete the sentences above. Some people who lose their jobs become ( indigent / impeccable ). WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 24 . WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. Rita’s ( profligate / requisite ) spending makes us worry.

Because copper can be easily hammered or reshaped. Work that is faulty or imperfect in some way could never be called ______________________. avarice 5 W WORDS IN CONTEXT Unscramble the words you studied on the previous page. Loud laughter in the library shows a lack of _______________________. Then use one of the unscrambled words to correctly complete each sentence. 25 . it is not a _______________________ for graduation. 2.SYNONYMS 1 2 3 W Complete the crossword puzzle with synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the clue words. it is a very __________________________ material. 4. Her ____________________ room has no decoration at all. LAMEBALEL ____________________ MOREDUC ______________________ EASERUT _______________________ CAMPECLIBE ____________________ ETISIUQER ______________________ 1. check a thesaurus. If you need help. Art class is optional at our school. 5. ACROSS DOWN F P 4 G 3. viable 2. 3. profligate 1. vapid 4. indigent 5.

Amy made the all-star team by the seat of her pants.EVERYDAY IDIOMS Every language has idioms. _____ to pull up stakes 3. a. or expressions. surprise you 26 . _____ to keep a stiff upper lip a. arrive early 4. in spite of falling 3. 1. _____ to hold your tongue 2. deceive you c. Would a friend try to lead you down the garden path? a. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. under pressure c. _____ to blow your own horn 4. disappoint you b. refrain from speaking d. We decided to go out on the spur of the moment. 1. hold your emotions in check c. That’s why understanding idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. brag or boast about yourself IDIOMS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. Gary got raked over the coals by the shift supervisor. suddenly b. scolded 2. Write a letter to match each idiom on the left with its meaning on the right. that cannot be understood literally. a. by warming the bench c. warned c. a. praised b. by sheer luck and little skill b. move to another place b.

Uncontrolled anger can _________________________ c ________________________ trail left by ants. 4. Soap washes away the _ h ________________________ to small children. 1. 27 a c s d . Device is to mechanism as crash is to _________________________. Airbags can be _ i of 7. Spreads is to widens as flattens is to _________________________. 3. 2. Frustrated people should watch their _________________________ caffeine and alcohol. 4. Carrots are to rabbits as crumbs are to _________________________. 3. 5. _________________________ are words with opposite meanings. 8. Find the relationship between the first two words. One _________________________ s for answering a multiple-choice question is to eliminate wrong answers first. An _________________________ i person cannot afford to buy groceries. 1. A t heart attacks. 6. Jaywalking is _________________________ p on most city streets. Then complete the analogy with a word from the unit. 2. Library is to libraries as strategy is to _________________________.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS UNIT 1 REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit! SENTENCE COMPLETION Use words from the unit to correctly complete the sentences. ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship.

or diagonally. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear. intake _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. ___ OBJECTIVE ___ ALTERNATIVES ___ SWINDLE ___ DISTRACT ___ TOXIC ___ DEPLOY ___ GULLIBLE ___ INTAKE ___ EJECTION ___ AQUATIC ___ ANXIETY ___ FRAUD E J E C T I O N J H E A I S F O T F R I U E L Q N T R D R I C K P T B U T H O A O D O R E L I A A C U N C A U R M Z L T K D A E O F N E D A L I E S A R E A T X E Y U C M E W C T T H D I B G H O T L I M S Q F O E M D C I V X N H I O R Y T A W E L O O D U D E U A Y S M G T H E L X V R R L D E O U A I D E P L O Y E V I T C E J B O D Y L Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own. Words may go up. fraud __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. backward. down. aquatic ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. across. Check off each word as you find it. deploy _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 28 . distract ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. 1.HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE Find and circle the words in the puzzle.

1. anxiety ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. words with suffixes average sensitive protection attendance 2. ejection ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ CATEGORIES Cross out one word that does not fit in each category.6. alternatives ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. gullible ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. words with four syllables pedestrians information identify irritability 29 . objective _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. compound words dashboard supplement airbags bathroom 3. toxic ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. swindle ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12.

_____ A consortium is a partnership of groups making a joint effort. d 4. now b. you must knead the flour. T 4. yesterday. sly 30 ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. 6. 5. counsel. _____ A mentally healthy person always feels contentment.” ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY Draw a line to match each boldface item on the left with appropriate examples. noun 2. _____ The suffix -ology means “the study of. temporary. sensitivity. b 2. crisis. scraggly. T 8. c 3.means “not. T 2. TRUE OR FALSE Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. _____ A tomato plant grows best if it is tied to a steak. verbs 3. 1. _____ The prefix en. require. belong. private. 2. 3. F 3. F 6. _____ There are silent letters in the words mortgage and autumn. F ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY: 1. lightly. and skills you will be studying in this unit. _____ Before baking biscuits. very. bereavement c. 8. adverb a. _____ The word volunteer can be used either as a noun or a verb. 1. T 7. a . 4. engulf d. concepts. F 5. adjective 4.” 7. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page.

loss. electricity. law. glossary entries are drawn from various activities of everyday life. What three-letter abbreviation in the reading means “and so forth”? 2. railroads. join or cross lease agreement to use something for a certain amount of time and for a certain amount of money mortgage agreement in which a borrower gives the lender a claim to property as a pledge that the debt will be paid property a person’s belongings. permit. etc. expenses. utilities public services such as gas. who takes care of business for you curriculum the course or plan of study in a school delegate one who officially represents others estimate a quoted price for goods or services inference a conclusion reached by careful reasoning interstate between or among the states of a federal government inventory a complete list of goods possessed. In this book. accessories extra things added for convenience. comfort. relevant to the point. What five-syllable word in the reading names something provided by a public utility? ___________________________ e ___________________________ 31 e . such as an insurance agent. etc. water. stock on hand junction the place where highways. WORD SEARCH 1. etc.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 1 GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical list of useful terms. especially land or real estate reimburse to pay back money owed for services. having to do with the subject being discussed restriction a limiting condition such as a rule revoke to cancel or repeal a license. or decoration agent someone. etc.

10. The company will _________________________ you for all of your out-of-pocket expenses. Her scarf and pin are perfect _________________________ for her new suit. What eight-letter adjective in the reading is a synonym of pertinent? 4.3. 1. 4. You can drive from Seattle to Boston on ________________________ 90. 5. 3. That real estate _________________________ has sold three houses this month. 9. The judges may _________________________ that law if they decide it is unfair. _________________________ payments on a car are usually less expensive than purchase payments. Is French included in your school’s _________________________? 6. Our warehouse workers are busily doing the end-of-year _________________________. 7. Is there a _________________________ on pets in your apartment house? 2. What eight-letter noun in the reading has a silent letter? WORDS IN CONTEXT ___________________________ r ___________________________ m Use entry words in the glossary to complete the sentences. 8. What _________________________ can you draw from the broken door lock and the empty safe? 32 .

eliminate 6.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the glossary. owned DOWN 4 J S C 5 L 1. 33 . Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. 4. The wealthy investor purchased a lot of TRYPROPE _________________________ along the coastline. 1 ACROSS E 2 3 3. The mechanic’s STEAMTIE _________________________ for overhauling the engine seems very high. 3. nonessential 6 2. Our LEADTEEG _________________________ to the United Nations is a former senator. 2. They qualified for a low interest rate on their GROMGATE _________________________ loan. specific 5. creditor P MYSTERY WORDS Unscramble the words from the reading to correctly complete the sentences. topic 4. crossroads 4. 1.

Symptoms include headaches. CVS is a temporary condition. • Remember to blink. Have you ever heard of carpal tunnel syndrome? This painful condition is quite common. light sensitivity. short breaks from staring at the computer screen. If necessary. Look out the window every 20 minutes. blurred vision. Computer users are now being warned about another computerrelated malady.UNIT 2 Lesson 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Computers and Health Your computer can have adverse effects on your health. It is a consequence of working at a computer for long periods of time. After two hours of computer use. and difficulty in focusing. or CVS. Experts also recommend that people who work long hours on a computer should get more frequent eye exams. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “a number of symptoms that occur together and make up a particular disease or condition”? 2. place a filter over the screen. take a 15-minute break. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “a video device that displays data or images generated by a computer”? 34 _________________________ s _________________________ m . • Make sure the monitor is positioned 20 to 28 inches away from your eyes. WORD SEARCH 1. This one is called computer vision syndrome. Some may need special glasses designed for computer use. Here are some preventive measures to help alleviate CVS: • Position the monitor to avoid glare from windows and other light sources. • Rest your eyes regularly. It can be relieved by frequent. Most people blink less often when they are using a computer. Using the same hand motions over and over again causes nerves in the wrist to swell and become pinched.

3. What three-word name in the reading describes a condition caused by repetitive compression of a nerve that passes through the wrist into the hand? ___________________

c

___________________

t

___________________

s

4. What nine-letter adverb in the reading means “happening often enough to form a kind of pattern”?

_________________________

r

ANTONYMS

Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words.
ACROSS
1

2. permanent 5. attract

O

2

6. short 7. different
DOWN

T

3

P

4

A

5 6

A

L

1. rarely 3. pleasurable 4. helpful
7

S

SYNONYMS

Draw a line to match each boldface word from the reading with its synonym (word with similar meaning).

1. experts 2. pinched 3. motions 4. symptoms

a. movements b. signs c. squeezed d. authorities 35

MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS

Some words have entirely different meanings when they’re used in different contexts. First unscramble the words from the reading. (Read the definitions for help.) Then write sentences of your own, using the words as defined.

1. SURESAME

_________________________

• finds out size, amount, or extent of something _______________________________________________________________ • actions intended to bring about a desired result _______________________________________________________________ 2. ROSEDIP _________________________

• dots used to punctuate the end of statements _______________________________________________________________ • repeating cycles of time _______________________________________________________________ 3. REKAB _________________________

• to split or crack into pieces _______________________________________________________________ • a recess or interruption _______________________________________________________________ 4. SLEWL _________________________

• to bulge or become larger _______________________________________________________________ • a very large rolling wave _______________________________________________________________

36

UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS

Lesson 3

Easy Biscuits

Years ago—before commercially made bread was widely available— many homemakers made biscuits every day. The following recipe makes about 20 flaky biscuits.

EASY BISCUITS 2 cups flour 3 teaspoons baking powder 1 teaspoon salt

until the mixture looks like meal. Stir in almost all the milk. Add a bit more milk if the dough isn’t pliable. Dough is just the right consistency when it is soft and puffy and will roll out easily. (Too much milk makes the dough sticky; not enough makes the biscuits dry.) Round up the dough on a lightly floured board. To ensure a fine texture, knead lightly about six times. Pressing gently with a rolling pin, roll dough until it is about 1 /2 -inch thick. Cut biscuits close together with a 11/2-inch round biscuit cutter. For biscuits with soft sides, place biscuits close together on an ungreased baking sheet. For biscuits with crusty sides, place biscuits one inch apart. Place on middle rack of oven, and bake for 10 to 12 minutes. Serve piping hot.

/4 cup shortening 3 /4 cup milk
1

Heat oven to 450 degrees.Combine flour, baking powder, and salt in a large bowl. Mix well. Add shortening to the dry ingredients. Use a fork or a pastry blender to “cut in” shortening

WORD SEARCH

1. What four-letter noun in the reading developed from the Old English word melu, meaning “coarsely ground grain”?

_______________________ m

2. What ten-letter noun in the reading means “butter, vegetable oil, or another fat used in baked goods”? _______________________

s

37

b. blend 4. Commercially available foods are a. Then circle a letter to show how each sentence should be completed.3. What tool named in the reading is a heavy. delicate 7. 1. advertised on television. for sale in stores. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. 2 1 C C 3 4 ACROSS F 2. firmness 3. 38 . crisp DOWN 6 P 5 M F 1. stir WORDS IN CONTEXT 7 C Notice the boldface words. What ingredient in the recipe contains baking soda and an acid that makes dough rise? _____________ _______________ b p 4. c. smooth cylinder made of wood or some other material? _____________ _______________ r p SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. flexible 6. crumbly 5. better than homemade.

3. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. 4. 5. Dry is to flour as wet is to _________________________. 1. Skillet is to fry as oven is to _________________________. 6. m Sticky is to adhesive as stretchy is to _________________________. b. SILENT LETTERS Many English words have letters that are not pronounced when the words are spoken out loud. rough and grainy. Part is to whole as ingredient is to _________________________.2. rolling. Then show the same relationship by completing the analogy with a word from the reading. Cross out the silent letters in the words below. a 3. baking it homemade. r Inch is to width as degree is to _________________________. p 2. t 39 . light and airy. and squeezing it. allowing it to rise. biscuit receipt solemn nuisance science slick knee knead ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. b. The cook will knead the dough by a. b Soft is to crusty as together is to _________________________. The first one has been done for you. pressing. c. The texture of a perfect biscuit should be a. dense and rich. c.

The docent training workshop begins Sept. FOOD BANK The Emergency Consortium needs assistance with warehouse and office activities. ART LOVERS WANTED The Uptown Museum needs docents to give weekday tours to fourth and fifth graders. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “sadness or loneliness as a result of loss or death”? ___________________________ 40 . through Sat. Bilingual a plus. will train you to answer its crisis hotline. HAVE A HEART The American Heart Association needs volunteers to help with office work. health fairs. SUICIDE PREVENTION The Health Dept. BE A MENTOR Turning Point Counseling Center needs adult volunteers to counsel at-risk youth. PARTNERS IN READING needs one-on-one tutors for adults who read below eighth-grade level. HOSPICE VOLUNTEERS We need individuals to provide emotional and practical support to terminally ill patients and their families. 1. Here’s a list of typical organizations and agencies that are looking for helping hands. WORD SEARCH 1. What nine-letter noun in the reading names an unpaid worker? ___________________________ v b 2. A commitment of two hours per week for six months is required. Trainees must be over 21. The food bank is open from Mon. and special fundraising events.UNIT 2 Lesson 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Will You Lend a Hand? Do you have a little time to give to a worthy cause? There are many ways for volunteers to get involved in any community. FOSTER HOMES FOR ANIMALS Can you care for puppies and kittens in your home until they reach adoptable age? The Humane Society provides volunteer training and covers food and medical expenses. Bereavement volunteers are also needed.

few DOWN 6 5 4 G O 1. extraordinary 7. 2. ACROSS 1 2 R P 3 A 3. take 6. 1. A TREELOVNU _________________________ is one who gives time freely.3. 3. A NETARIE _________________________ is one who is being prepared to perform a task. What seven-letter word in the reading means “a homelike place where dying people are cared for and made comfortable”? 4. 41 . child 4. useless 7 T 5. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. What seven-letter adjective in the reading describes something that is “a true representative example of its kind”? ANTONYMS ___________________________ h ___________________________ t Use words from the reading to complete the crossword puzzle. closed WHO’S WHO? M Unscramble the words to correctly complete the sentences. A TREMON _________________________ is one who advises wisely. optional 2.

Someone you can always rely on is _________________________. An explanation that can be understood is ________________________. 3. Tutors are needed to help people learn to read better. has very little funding b.THE SUFFIX -able The suffix -able means “capable of being. is worth a fortune c. adding the suffix -able. cluster of apartment buildings 2. promise or pledge c. deserves help for good work 5. gift shop clerks c. A project that can be managed is _________________________. The Downtown Housing Consortium works to provide shelter for the homeless. donate your money b. Hint: Some of the spellings are tricky! Check a dictionary before you write your answers. 4. maintenance workers b. meeting of church officials c. private teachers c. a. You must make a six-month commitment to volunteer as a tutor. a. sign a binding contract 42 .” In the reading.” Rewrite the boldface words below. a. I support the Food Bank because it is a worthy cause. 1. financial sponsors b. trumpet players 3. partnership of several organizations b. tour guides and lecturers 4. Something that has great value is _________________________. Docents are needed at the art museum. the word adoptable means “capable of being adopted. a. 2. a. 1. WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase.

That will allow the plant to stop growing taller and use its energy to ripen its fruit instead. This will help flower and fruit production by keeping tomatoes off the ground and away from insects. WORD SEARCH 1. Look for pot-grown tomatoes with healthy green leaves and no flower bunches. Support each plant with a wire cage or a stake. yellow stems. These plants have been stuck in their pots for too long. Find a spot in your yard that gets an abundance of sunshine but is sheltered from gusting winds. The easiest way to get started is to buy young plants from a nursery. Don’t let them dry out. and garden supplies? 2. Pinch off the top of a plant once it has grown four bunches of yellow flowers. juicy fruit from early summer to early fall.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 5 A Gardening Project Growing tomatoes is a good project for a beginning gardener. Check the plant regularly as it grows. Be sure to give your plants a steady supply of water. scraggly. Tomato plants bear delicious. plant each tomato in a large hole. Before planting. enrich the soil there with compost or well-rotted manure. After the last frost. What seven-letter noun in the reading names a store that sells seeds. The plants should be about eight inches tall. The average plant—which spreads about three feet across and reaches about four feet in height— will yield a crop of about four pounds of tomatoes. Avoid buying plants with thin. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “a very great amount or supply of something”? ____________________ n ____________________ a 43 . seedlings.

tomato ______________________ 44 . insect _______________________ 4. 1. A huge wave can easily ENFULG ____________________ a swimmer. or irregular”? ____________________ s PREFIX en- The prefix en. (2) “to make” (enrich—to make richer). You ENRANES ____________________ an animal when you catch it in a trap. or (3) “in or into” (entangle—to tangle in). Sunny weather will ENRUSE ____________________ large attendance at the fair. 5. you give them new confidence and hope. nursery _____________________ 2. 4. ragged.at the beginning of a word can mean: (1) “to put into or on” (enthrone—put on a throne). Check a dictionary if you need help. 1. When you ENGEAROUC ____________________ people. bunch ______________________ 3. PLURALS Write the plural form (names more than one) of each noun below. You ENSURTT ____________________ only your closest friends with your deep. Unscramble the words beginning with the prefix en-. 2. 6.3. What eight-letter adjective in the reading means “uneven. What two seasons of the year are named in the reading? ___________________ ___________________ 4. 3. dark secrets. Police officers ENCROFE ____________________ the law when they issue speeding tickets.

How many pounds of tomatoes might you get from three plants? ________ pounds 2. At what time of year does the “last frost” occur? ____________________ 45 . farm product grown in the soil 4. blossoms __________________ 6.MATCHING WORDS AND MEANINGS Use the definitions to help you complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. rotted vegetable matter SYNONYMS 3. the amount of something produced DOWN 1. 1. blowing suddenly and strongly 5. clusters ___________________ THINKING ABOUT THE READING 4. tasty ______________________ 2. protected __________________ 5. describes fruits containing lots of liquid Y 8. location ___________________ 1. to mature The boldface words listed below are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of words from the reading. 1 ACROSS C 3 2. bugs _______________________ 3. squeeze between thumb and forefinger 6. decayed animal waste 2 C 4 P G 5 M 6 R 7 J 8 7. Write the correct word from the reading on each line. cone-shaped wire support for a plant 2.

that make contentment possible: 1. Psychologists tell us that contentment is a result rather than a cause. a majority of people would agree that a mentally healthy person feels content—most of the time. But even “being content” is hard to define. freedom from worry or overwhelming hardships. it means many things: feeling love. Still. WORD SEARCH 1. everyone else has strengths and weaknesses. Awareness of others (understanding that. and joy. Self-respect (liking and honoring yourself as a good and worthy person) 2. Self-acceptance (admitting your own limitations as inescapable conditions of being human) 3. or conditions. So it isn’t surprising that there is no foolproof formula for good mental health. like you. Mentally healthy people do have troubling emotions that cause them problems. satisfaction. and wants to feel worthwhile) The words “most of the time” are crucial. What nine-letter compound word in the reading means “troubling circumstances that are not easy to bear”? ___________________________ h 46 . Self-control (the ability to discipline your own emotions and behavior) 4. Their studies of mentally healthy people show four important causes. Generally speaking.UNIT 2 Lesson 6 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Good Mental Health There is no single definition of “good mental health” that everyone accepts. simply having peace of mind. But their realistic understanding of themselves and other people provides contentment most of the time. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “more than half ”? ___________________________ m 2.

” For example. “contentment” means ___________________________________ ________________________________________________________________. 1. 4. 3. What seven-letter noun in the reading is a synonym for recipe? ___________________________ a f ___________________________ GIVING EXAMPLES Complete the sentences with appropriate examples of the boldface terms. THE SUFFIX -ology The suffix -ology means “the science of” or “the study of. To me. 47 . 1. Musicology is the study of ____________________. A person shows awareness of others when ______________________ ________________________________________________________________.” You will probably need a dictionary to help you find the correct words to complete the sentences. meaning “the study of the mind. A person shows self-acceptance when ___________________________ _______________________________________________________________. 2. A person shows self-control when _______________________________ ________________________________________________________________. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the power or skill required to do something”? 4. 5.3. A person shows self-respect when _______________________________ ________________________________________________________________. the Greek root psych (meaning “mind”) plus -ology creates the word psychology.

only 4. restraint or control 7. liberty 5. 5. unfailing 3. The scientific study of crime and criminals is called _________________________. A doctor who specializes in cardiology works with diseases of the _________________________. SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 3. Seismology is the study of _________________________. recognizes. one. critical 6. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of answer words. actual D 7 A 48 . astonishing 2. abides by DOWN 6 1 S 2 F 3 F 4 C 5 R 1.2. ACROSS 1. The study of animals is called _________________________. important. 4. 6. truthful. Paleontology is the study of _________________________.

1. On a clear night. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 7 VOCABULARY STRETCH WORDS IN CONTEXT Read the dictionary definitions of the ten boldface word choices. They say that a robin is the ( harbinger / siege ) of spring. You might ( mollify / encroach ) a barking dog by throwing it a bone. 4. 1. 5. you can see a ( paucity / myriad ) of stars in the sky. 3. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. The senator’s opponents will try to ( stymie / embellish ) the passage of his bill. Now write five original sentences. 2. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 49 . WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. using the boldface words you did not circle above. The ( acute / timorous ) kitten hid under the couch. Then circle the word that best completes each sentence.

After a bloody ______________________. 50 . mollify 4. stymie 2. 5.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the clue words. myriad DOWN S F 4 F 1. She will ______________________ her speech with humorous stories. CHORENAC _____________________ BIMESHELL _____________________ CAUTIFPY ______________________ ESIGE __________________________ TUCEA _________________________ 1. They don’t want censors to ______________________ on free speech. 3. ACROSS 2 3 1 H 3. Use a thesaurus to find synonyms that fit. 2. The ______________________ of their harvest was very disappointing. We may be faced with an _____________________ shortage of gasoline. 4. harbinger 5. timorous 5 P SENTENCE COMPLETION Unscramble the words you studied on the previous page. Then use the unscrambled words to correctly complete the sentences. the troops captured the fort.

a. have confidence and trust in c. 1. to beat the odds 2. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. with professional help c. makes a mistake 4.IDIOMS IN CONTEXT All languages have certain expressions. 1. a. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 51 . ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. causes trouble c. • Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. Instead of using a prepared mix. using basic ingredients • Now use each of the above idioms in an original sentence. gets nervous b. earn as much money 3. We’ll be all right as long as no one rocks the boat. Make sure the context of your sentence makes the idiom’s meaning clear. or idioms. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. Some very successful people were born on the wrong side of the tracks. over the campfire b. in small towns b. That’s why understanding idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. a. be as skillful and powerful b. into poverty c. that cannot be understood literally. a. That rookie can’t hold a candle to the seasoned veteran. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. she made that cake from scratch.

many homemakers made ____________________ every day. Computer vision syndrome (CVS) may include a ____________________ to light. 4. Volunteers are sometimes required to make a ____________________ for a certain time period.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you know about the material you studied in this unit. compound words 2. Adding the suffix ____________________ can turn a verb or noun into an adjective. Psychologists say that contentment is a ____________________ rather than a cause. Tomato plants bought at a ____________________ should be about eight inches tall. 1. 5. 6. 2. WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete the sentences with appropriate words from the reading. Years ago. 7. The store manager must try to ____________________ the angry customer. prefixes 52 -ibility hotline pre- sunshine un- crossword inter- bereavement . Your ____________________ bills may go up if there is an energy shortage. CATEGORIES u s b c n m r -a Cross out the item that does not fit in each category. 1. 8. 3.

d s 6.is to prefix as -ology is to _________________________. down. 3. 1. or diagonally. d l 4. ___ EMBELLISH ___ ADOPTABLE ___ REIMBURSE ___ CONSISTENCY ___ FOOLPROOF ___ CRUCIAL ___ ADVERSE ___ ACUTE ___ CRISIS ___ YIELD ___ CONTENT ___ COUNSEL C O N S I S T E N C Y A G B C R U C I A L K D H P E D H T Z P E P O X E Y N S G R W S D P L T F I S U R A N Y T T U T O E G Y P U E A F C J N O L P T O S B C A R G E R D O C U L R M N Q F T P A D V E R S E I S A N L O I L Y D I V B E W O O H A K T F S I S I R C O N T H S I L L E B M E F 53 . Synonym is to thesaurus as definition is to _________________________. 5. Single is to several as symptom is to _________________________. Check off each word as you find it. Hands are to keyboard as eyes are to ________________________. en. across. plural 5. Find the relationship between the first two words. s 2. m HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE Find and circle the words in the puzzle. people ANALOGIES -less stems delegates -ment lens introdeer -ance causes hospices mentors docents Analogies are statements of relationship. backward. Words may go up. Scrambled is to unscrambled as tencod is to _________________________. Then show the same relationship by completing the analogy with a word from the unit. Buy is to rent as purchase is to _________________________.3. suffixes 4.

consistency ____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. yield ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10.ORIGINAL SENTENCES Now use each word from the hidden words puzzle in a sentence of your own. counsel ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. adverse ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. content _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. acute __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. crisis __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. crucial ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 54 . check a dictionary. If you need help. reimburse _____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. embellish ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. foolproof ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. 1. adoptable ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear.

TRUE OR FALSE Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. _____ Someone who does a heinous deed deserves punishment. circle the correctly spelled word in each pair. _____ The suffix -ant means “one who does something.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS UNIT 3 PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. 3. vitemin / vitamin ______________________ 4. solicit / solisit ______________________ 2. _____ The words feasible and unrealistic are synonyms. massave / massive ______________________ 3. verb. 1. noun 4. anully / annually ______________________ ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1. concepts.means “one thousand. F 2. massive. Then write noun. adverb 55 . adjective. _____ The prefix mega. F 7. adjective 3. verb 2. _____ One kind of megavitamin is called a chamois. 4. 8. T ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY: 1. and skills you will study in this unit. solicit. or adverb to show that word’s part of speech. T 5. 1. annually. vitamin.” 2. F 8. 6. T 6. _____ A customer’s regular payments to an insurance company are called premiums. T 4. 7. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. _____ The word supplement can be used as a noun or a verb. ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY First. F 3.” 5. _____ The words reprocessed and recycled are antonyms.

You can’t teach someone to jump as high as Harry does. or forceful libel the crime of printing something that unfairly damages a person’s reputation net what is left after certain amounts have been subtracted nostalgia a wishing for something that happened long ago or is now far away nurture to care for. 56 . because it would cost too much. seeming to have been born in a person jettison to throw away or get rid of WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the glossary to complete the sentences. stubbornly held opinions expunge to erase completely or remove lackluster dull. Jennifer’s plan isn’t ______________________. often secretly innate given by nature. not bright.UNIT 3 Lesson 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical index of useful terms. with nothing taken away hoard to collect and stow away. interesting. or teammates feasible possible. entire. 1. narrowminded person with strong. unyielding bigot a prejudiced. In this book. adamant not giving in easily. capable of being done under conditions as they are gross total. to help someone or something grow and develop permeate to pass through or spread through every part roster a list naming members of a group. that ability is ______________________. glossary entries are drawn from the various activities of everyday life. such as students. firm. 2. soldiers.

The congresswoman was ______________________ about her refusal to run for reelection. the scoutmaster called roll from his ______________________. 7. 9. 15. 10. The judge has the power to ______________________ the criminal record of a rehabilitated person. Only a ______________________ would make such a hateful remark. The famous actor’s performance was strangely ____________________.3. 11. If you ______________________ the seedlings. Your ______________________ salary is also called “take-home pay. 5. a wonderful aroma will ______________________ the air. As the bread bakes. 13.” 4. 6. They had to ______________________ cargo to keep their sinking ship afloat. As the campers entered the bus. The outraged celebrity sued the newspaper for ____________________. 8. My brother likes to ______________________ candy in a coffee can hidden under his bed. your flowerbed will be filled with blooms. older people may get carried away with ______________________. When remembering their youth. 12. 14. Sherry’s ______________________ salary is about 30 percent higher than her net pay. 57 .

salvage 6 H 7 A LOOK IT UP! Check a dictionary to find the information you need to complete the sentences. 2. uncertain DOWN 5 4 J N 1. 4. The adjective forms of bigot and nostalgia are ____________________ and ______________________. ACROSS 1 2 L I 3 E 2.ANTONYMS Complete the puzzle with words from the glossary. The words nurture. 1. and hoard can be used as _________________ as well as verbs. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. Two different definitions of the word net are: • ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ • ______________________________________________________________ 58 . neglect 6. 3. engrave 4. The condition or state of being a bigot is called ____________________. acquired 5. distribute 7. libel. brilliant 3.

98 17.33 11. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the dried leaves of a plant prepared for smoking.50 17.24 14.00 77.62 31.06 46.87 49.98 16.59 11. POLICY NOT AVAILABLE IN ALL STATES WORD SEARCH 1.81 33.78 17.68 34.75 51.93 24.71 17.86 11.03 19.98 16.18 39.39 15.06 31.93 32.00 28.03 19.50 54.19 20.56 35.43 56.06 31.87 49.62 127.75 42.33 11.75 78.71 17. or monthly.25 121.07 17.74 16.98 16.00 58.78 18.15 25.37 24.03 19.86 11.12 49.87 57.86 11.75 136.59 26.71 31.68 34.12 55.71 17.87 105.87 42.75 78.75 30.86 11.81 19.37 18. annually.71 31.12 12.000 MALE FEMALE $250.37 62.25 105.000 MALE FEMALE 20–25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 11.06 31.62 60.06 31.43 42.77 11.50 31.21 12.00 56.81 54.71 31.87 43.93 24.96 55.37 32. Premiums are based on applicant’s age at nearest birthday.93 31.03 19.33 11.87 105.41 11.81 19.50 32.31 52.000.15 18. AFFORDABLE LIFE INSURANCE NON-TOBACCO RATES (MONTHLY) ISSUE AGE TOBACCO RATES (MONTHLY) FEMALE ISSUE AGE $101.06 31.000.24 14.12 64.24 14.15 25.06 31.86 11.93 32.33 11.03 19.12 56.71 17.87 42.93 18.03 26.71 17.43 56.87 29.75 78.24 11.25 56.000 MALE FEMALE $500.33 14.) Above premiums are preferred rates.34 20. or amount of coverage desired.98 16.00 42.07 14.62 60.27 31.62 20–25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 16.87 49. (A no-cost medical exam may be required depending on age.000 MALE FEMALE $250.25 19.12 55.68 19.18 45.42 17.50 11.77 11.06 31.43 56. chewing.87 56.50 108.86 11.43 28.43 28.87 105.62 31.71 17.75 106.71 17. Level death benefit to age 95. or as snuff”? ________________________ t 59 .86 11.03 19.93 24.24 14.93 24.25 19. Policies are non-cancelable as long as premiums are paid.37 32. Read the explanatory notes under the chart.50 24.56 11.90 27.65 29. Premiums increase annually.94 12.81 18.03 19.39 12.57 19.25 54.12 55.06 31.71 31.56 50.62 98.62 81.51 14.71 17.24 14.25 55.00 49.13 18. health.62 52.24 11.43 56.87 49.33 11.12 55.87 49.21 18.00 56.000 MALE $101.43 28.72 16.000 MALE FEMALE $1.68 15.43 28.37 83.87 42.24 14.75 78.25 17.07 17.81 48.87 78.00 49.43 28.12 56.15 14.87 57. All policies are issued and subject to underwriting by ABC Insurance Company.33 11.81 33.37 62.75 117.87 106.65 37.33 11.07 17.93 103.75 79.31 44.93 25.000 MALE FEMALE $1.71 31.78 28.87 49.25 113.62 79.56 28.43 28.90 30.93 24.87 105. Premiums may be paid by bank draft.12 93.75 78.75 108.71 24.12 55.93 31.46 19.94 12.43 56.31 43.000 MALE FEMALE $500.12 86.07 14. semiannually.87 42.31 67.75 58.87 42.00 28.43 28.87 50.75 58.43 28.31 29.04 15.37 71.25 19.50 110.87 56.62 30.62 90.50 17.33 14.50 31.12 55.50 77.87 49.94 11.77 11.UNIT 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 2 Buying Life Insurance How much do you know about the vocabulary of insurance? The chart below lists life insurance rates for people of various ages.87 Other amounts available upon request.03 12.90 20.33 11.

meaning “one who. non-smoking woman pay for a $250. 1. one who participates ________________________ 2.2.000 life insurance policy? ______________ THE SUFFIX -ant The suffix -ant. 1. What twelve-letter verb in the reading means “officially assuming liability to the amount of a specified sum”? 3. Does the chart list monthly premium rates for 15-year-olds? ______________ ______________ ______________ 5. What monthly premium would a 30-year-old. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “regular payments made to keep an insurance policy in force”? READING A CHART ________________________ u ________________________ b p ________________________ Use information from the chart on the previous page to answer the questions.” is used to make a noun of a verb. one who assists ________________________ . one who immigrates ________________________ 4. One who applies. What monthly rate would a 38-year-old. Add -ant to the following verbs to show “one who” takes that action. for example. is an applicant. Are monthly life insurance rates higher for males or females? 4. non-smoking male pay for a $500. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “payments made by an insurance company”? 4. How much more would the same woman have to pay each month if she were a smoker? 3. one who serves ________________________ 60 3.000 life insurance policy? ______________ 2.

Hint: Pay attention to the boldface words.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. closest 5 4 3 A D DOWN A 2. Check a dictionary if you need help. twice a year. obtainable 6. sums 5. subject to underwriting. wanted N WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show how each sentence should be completed. ACROSS 1 A 2 A 1. Payments made semiannually are paid a. 1. b. Insurance rates are a. c. your age at death. b. 61 . c. 3. An insurance company considers your issue age to be a. every two years. one-half at a time. yearly 3. the date you were born. also called death benefits. prices charged per unit of coverage. your age when the policy is written. inexpensive 6 4. c. 2. b. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words.

People who do take dietary supplements without a prescription should read the precautions on the label carefully. WORD SEARCH 1. Studies by the American Medical Association. Vitamins in an oral liquid form should be kept from freezing. What ten-letter verb in the reading means “pinpointed or detected”? 62 __________________________ o __________________________ d __________________________ p i __________________________ .UNIT 3 Lesson 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Megavitamins: A Good Idea? Have you read anything about megavitamin therapy ? Some people believe that taking massive doses (called megadoses) of vitamins can cure certain medical problems. however. Outdated dietary supplements—or those no longer needed—should be promptly discarded. • are currently using any other prescribed or over-the-counter (OTC) medicine. • have any other medical problems. The AMA warns that large doses should be taken only after a specific need has been identified by your doctor. Vitamins should be stored away from heat and direct light—and out of the reach of children. They should be especially guarded if they: • are allergic to any prescription or nonprescription medicine. What ten-letter verb in the reading describes something that has been ordered for you by a doctor? 4. • are pregnant or breastfeeding. Heat or moisture can break down vitamin supplements. have not proven this. What four-letter adjective in the reading means “by mouth”? 2. What five-letter plural noun in the reading means “amounts of medicine to be taken at one time”? 3.

” In a figurative sense (nonliteral). tiny THE PREFIX mega- Literally. and so on has a mental disorder called ______________________. 3. 63 . 1. To describe a wealthy man. debunked 6 7 P 5 O 6. eventually DOWN P M 1. ACROSS 1 3 D 2 W L 4 3.means “one million. you might use the slang expression: “That guy has ______________________!” 2. saved 2. mega. use a dictionary to find the mega word that correctly completes each sentence. A person who has illusions of grandeur.” If you need help. invites 5. mega. solid 4. great. A ______________________ is a funnel-shaped device designed to greatly increase the sound of a person’s voice. Clues are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words. 4. or powerful. wealth. fresh 7. power.ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading.means “large. A ______________________ of something has the explosive power of one million tons of TNT.

3. 2. 1. The word GYLREAL _________________ is an Americanism that came into English from the NAMREG _________________ language.” The combination was meant to give the ADIE _________________ of a reaction to a GORENIF _________________ substance. your vitamin needs will be met without taking a ______________________. meaning “other. If you eat a well-balanced diet. ABBREVIATIONS Write out the complete words represented by the abbreviations from the reading. AMA ___________________________________________________________ 2. OTC ___________________________________________________________ 64 .WORD HISTORY Unscramble the words to complete the word history below. The quality of a vitamin supplement can be reduced by exposure to heat or ______________________. The ______________________ on a dietary supplement usually lists certain precautions. 4. The NAMREG _________________ word was coined from the ancient KEGER _________________ adjective allos.” and another KEGER _________________ word meaning “work” or “action. but your own ______________________ does. WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the reading to complete the sentences. 1. Use context clues for help. A manufacturer of vitamins does not know your personal medical history.

UNIT 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 4 Understanding Mass Mailings Retailers sometimes solicit business through a mass mailing. or alcoholic beverages. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “things that are bought and sold”? _________________________ 65 . 2001 © StarMart Corporation REGISTER OPERATOR: Ring purchase as an Associate Discount. co-pay on prescriptions. deli foods. This promotion is limited to on-hand. Enter the authorization number as the associate number. FEBRUARY 10 10 OFF MERCHANDISE % 10 DAYS ONLY! ALL REGULAR-PRICED 003199105010 12-DIGIT Authorization Number Consumer: Present this certificate to the StarMart register operator for your 10% discount on eligible merchandise prior to processing your purchase. tobacco. in-stock merchandise only. Quantities are limited. layaway purchases. The 10% discount may not be applied to sale or clearance merchandise. or special order merchandise. STARMART CERTIFICATE VALID THURSDAY. the portrait studio. Have you ever received a flyer like the one below? Read the details carefully to figure out the terms and conditions of this sales promotion. No sales to dealers or distributors for purpose of resale. State and local taxes due on StarMart purchases may not be discounted. gift certificates. FEBRUARY 1 THROUGH SATURDAY. THIS COUPON REDEEMABLE AT STARMART LOCATIONS ONLY PREFERRED CUSTOMER SAVINGS m WORD SEARCH 1.

What nine-letter plural noun in the reading means “sellers of goods in small amounts to customers who will use them”? _________________________ r e 3. colorfully illustrated b. in great numbers 2. a. people who pay cash 66 . regular buyers at the store b. What eight-letter adjective in the reading means “qualified for”? 4. 1. amounts 2.2. The discount certificates are sent to preferred customers. What six-letter noun in the reading means “part of a printed ad that gives the holder certain rights”? SYNONYMS _________________________ _________________________ c Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 6. holiday specials c. numeral WORDS IN CONTEXT 7 P Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words. 5. Retail stores often send out mass mailings. credit card shoppers c. ACROSS 1 3 Q 2 P C 4 5 D 3. a. previous 4. 7. DOWN buyer seek restricted to buy S 6 L 1. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words.

1. This sales promotion does not provide a discount on tobacco products. repair person b. sales clerk c. purchasable b. a. operations manager 6. On this certificate. You can get your picture taken at the _______________________ _________________________. the word delicatessen has been shortened to _________________________. The discount coupon is valid only until February 10. campaign c. in effect 5. a. legal c. 67 . a. The register operator will ring up your purchase. 2. An item put on layaway is not eligible for the 10 percent discount. charged on a debit card c. business 4. VERB FORM NOUN FORM _________________________ solicit _________________________ _________________________ authorization _________________________ distributors promotion UNDERSTANDING THE READING Use information from the reading to help you complete the sentences. authorization b.3. Write either the noun form or the verb form of the boldface words. to be paid in full at a later date WORD FORMS b. a. bedding items such as sheets Complete the chart.

Producing one pound of beef consumes up to 30 times more energy than producing one pound of vegetables. Walk. (A dim light in the living room will keep you from running into things. 3. Reduce.UNIT 3 Lesson 5 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Practicing Conservation As the world’s population grows. or use public transit instead. reuse.”? _______________________ l 68 . 2. etc. Trees do more than provide oxygen. carpool. They also cool buildings naturally—saving the energy required for air conditioning. • Set your thermostat at 68 ° maximum. 5. Sleep with socks on. 4. Eat more vegetables. Be “energy smart” at home. • Insulate doors and windows. bike. Plant more trees. Here are some simple steps you can take to create a sustainable future. • Light only the room you are using at the moment. Buy in bulk. Buy only what you need. WORD SEARCH 1. • Use energy-efficient light bulbs and appliances. Eat fewer meat and dairy products. When you landscape. so does the need for conservation—the wise use of Earth’s resources. shrubs. 6.500 gallons of water to produce one pound of meat. don’t leave the light on. Drive less. Protect and save water. What nine-letter compound word in the reading means “to make a piece of ground more attractive by adding trees. recycle. and purchase used goods when you can. 1. Compost organic waste. use drought-resistant plants. Look for recyclable and minimal packaging.) If you’re watching TV. Use non-toxic cleaning and garden products. Each gallon of gas your car burns creates 20 pounds of a gas called carbon dioxide— which contributes to global warming. • Turn down your refrigerator and hot water heater settings to the lowest recommended temperature. Don’t dump waste into storm drains. It takes 16 pounds of grain and 2.

local 6. cellophane wrapping. bright 2. production of energy c. unwanted plant and animal matter c. What eight-letter adjective in the reading describes something that has been reprocessed to be used again? 3. Clue words are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words. Decayed organic waste can be used to improve the soil in your garden. comfortably warm weather conditions 2. more 1. artificially 4. highest 5 4 L G 6 L WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words. maximal 5. Excessive carbon dioxide contributes to the greenhouse effect and global warming. What six-letter noun in the reading names a clear gas that has no odor and is a chemical element? ANTONYMS ________________________ r ________________________ p o ________________________ Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. ACROSS DOWN 1 3 D 2 N M 3. sand. worldwide increase in temperatures b. a. 1. etc. byproducts of synthetic chemicals 69 . dirt. etc. a.? 4. b. What nine-letter noun names a category that includes things like cardboard boxes. leftover rocks.2.

cereal b. which word sounds right—unviolent or nonviolent? (Nonviolent is the correct word.both mean “not. a _____resident Unscramble the words from the reading. replace wood with steel b. When you buy in bulk. feeling _____welcome SYNONYMS 4. you reduce waste and save money. a. very bulky items THE PREFIXES non. suggested 70 .AND un- b. large amounts of something c. multiple small packages The prefixes non. INRAG _______________________________ 4. _____cooked foods 3. PEELS _______________________________ 3. TORPTEC ____________________________ 5.) If you’re still not sure after saying the words aloud. your ear will tell you. hosiery e. slumber c. carefully clean and paint c. seal cracks to prevent drafts 4. safeguard d.” How do you know which one to use? Often. a _____fatal heart attack 2. a. 1. an _____confirmed appointment 6. a _____fiction book 5. MODERNMEDEC ____________________ a. Then draw a line to match each word with its synonym (word with similar meaning). Your house will be more energy-efficient if you insulate your doors and windows. check a dictionary. SCOSK _______________________________ 2.3. 1. For example. lessen f. ECRUDE _____________________________ 6.and un.

• Wash the car in a shady area rather than in direct sunlight. A wax coats the finish. Be sure to use a quality liquid or paste wax. working from the top down. dry the car with a chamois or soft towel. it’s time to wax the car—including the metal trim. and rinse off immediately. metal. Here are some helpful dos and don’ts about the proper way to wash and wax your car. and so on. • Check the car for road tar. (Letting it air-dry will cause dulling and water spots. protecting it from damage by exposure to sunlight. Some strong cleaners and chemical solvents can damage the paint. or soft cloth. and follow the directions on the container. air pollution. etc. sponge. use cool water to rinse the car thoroughly (from the top down) to remove loose dirt.UNIT 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 6 Washing Your Car Cleaning your car frequently helps preserve its beauty and protect your investment. Remove these stains with turpentine. Wash the car. and plastic on your car. tree sap. • Fill a bucket with cool water and add a mild detergent (such as dishwashing liquid). If the car has been parked in the sun. • Use only solvents and cleaners recommended in your car’s Owner’s Manual.) • If water doesn’t form into beads or droplets on the car’s surface. Rinse frequently. • After rinsing the whole exterior. using this solution and a soft-bristle brush. Even if the rest of the car does not need waxing. WORD SEARCH 1. remember to rewax these areas. move it into the shade so it can cool down before you start. What seven-letter noun in the reading names a piece of soft leather used as a polishing cloth? ________________________ 71 c . • First.

Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. often 2. 3. 2.2. but ______________________ is made from chemicals. ACROSS 4 1 F 2 B 3 C L 2. What eight-letter plural noun in the reading means “substances that can be used to dissolve another substance”? SYNONYMS ________________________ t ________________________ s Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. droplet 3. permitting WORDS IN CONTEXT I 6 S Complete the sentences with words from the reading. 1. use context clues (hints given by the other words in the sentence). package 4. Liquid wax usually comes in a bottle. 72 . The ______________________ on a brush may come from animals or be artificially made. What ten-letter noun in the reading names a colorless oil made from tree sap that’s used as a paint remover? 3. For help. Soap is made from fats and lye. but ______________________ wax comes in a can. pail 5. promptly 6. certain DOWN 5 1.

solution (liquid combination of substances) _______________________ _________________________________________________________________ 3. Write an original sentence for each definition given. apply b. Tree sap and road tar can put ______________________ on your car’s finish. GLUDNIL 2.4. You protect your ______________________ in your car when you maintain its appearance. Daily ______________________ to blazing sunshine can fade your car’s paint. interior c. 1. 5. Then draw a line to match each unscrambled word with its antonym (word that means the opposite). finish (to complete) _____________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 4. finish (a type of surface) _________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 73 . OTERIXER ________________________ 4. sunny d. DAYSH ________________________ a. brightening ____________________________ 3. 1. EVMORE ________________________ MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Some words have entirely different meanings when they’re used in different contexts. ANTONYMS First unscramble the words from the reading. solution (answer to a problem) __________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. 6.

Carl had to successfully ( exhort / refute ) his opponent’s argument. 4. Then circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. 5. Samantha tried to ( cajole / inundate ) her brother into doing some of her chores. Making the All-Star team was the ( gamut / acme ) of Katy’s softball career. LOOK IT UP! Read the dictionary definitions of the ten boldface words. 1. Hint: For additional help. To win the debate. use context clues. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 74 . 2. 1. his confident appearance was only a ( façade / enigma ). The mountain climber had a ( heinous / precarious ) foothold on the steep slope. using the boldface word choices you did not use to complete the sentences above. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3.UNIT 3 Lesson 7 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS VOCABULARY STRETCH Get out your dictionary and thesaurus! The challenging words in this lesson were especially chosen to stretch the limits of your vocabulary. 3. Now write sentences of your own. Ricky was frightened. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2.

flatter 7 P WORDS IN CONTEXT Unscramble the boldface words to correctly complete the sentences. urge 5. 7. wicked overwhelm peak unsecure 1. The location of the stolen painting is still an NIMAGE ______________________. The coach will THROXE ______________________ the players to try harder in the second half. disprove 4. 75 . The Holocaust is a NUOSHIE ______________________ chapter in human history. (Answers are words you studied on the previous page. We hope the teacher doesn’t NUTNADIE ______________________ us with homework this weekend. That actor can portray the TAGUM ______________________ of emotions. 2. 3. 4. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ SYNONYMS 1 2 R Complete the crossword puzzle with some of the words you studied on the previous page. 5. ACROSS DOWN H 3 5 6 I 4 E C A 2. 6. 3. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words.5.) 1. from joy to grief.

prospects b. Bob’s goose was cooked the day he insulted the boss. Write a letter to match each idiom on the left with its meaning on the right. the center b. 1.ANTONYMS Draw a line to match each boldface word with its antonym (word that means the opposite). have many responsibilities c. a. in a good c. or idioms. use our b. Tricia isn’t happy unless she’s in the limelight. a. 1. a. berate c. take turns c. my friends and I always go Dutch. acme 4. _____ to gild the lily 4. precarious EVERYDAY IDIOMS a. with close of attention mood friends 76 . proceed very cautiously d. check a dictionary. _____ to bark up the wrong tree 2. 1. firm d. If you need help. heinous 2. _____ to walk a tightrope 3. improve what doesn’t need improvement b. poultry was were ruined enhanced roasted 3. ask the wrong person. make the wrong choice Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. holy All languages have certain expressions. Hint: Use context clues for help. _____ to wear more than one hat IDIOMS IN CONTEXT a. nadir b. split the charge cards paying check equally 2. That’s why understanding common idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. future was c. cajole 3. that cannot be understood literally. When we eat at an expensive restaurant.

so does the need for ______________________ of Earth’s resources. 2. 7. 4. If you have a ______________________ that entitles you to a store discount. 1. you will save money. To keep drafts out and heat in. 8. you should ______________________ your doors and windows. An antonym of acquire is SNOITTEJ _________________________. SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS Unscramble the words to correctly complete each sentence. It takes 16 pounds of ______________________ to produce one pound of beef. Car wax comes in two forms—______________________ and ______________________. 1. Use context clues for help. 3. As the world’s population grows. Life insurance rates are higher for people who use ______________________ than for people who don’t. A ______________________ is a group of letters added at the end of a word to change its meaning. 2. 77 . 6. Massive doses of vitamins are called ______________________. 5. A synonym of precaution is ARNWING _________________________.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS UNIT 3 REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit! WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete the sentences with words you studied in Unit 3.

Then complete the analogy with a word from the unit that shows the same relationship. Check off each word as you find it. Find and circle the words in the puzzle. ___ NONTOXIC ___ ENERGY ___ APPLICANT ___ THERAPY ___ ELIGIBLE ___ BULK ___ INSURANCE ___ EXPOSURE ___ REFUTE ___ FAÇADE ___ WAX ___ CONSUMER A N O N T O X I C E R X Y P A R E H T C X U T I G B P C M A P P A P N B R F G L Y J O B W S O C E E Z V I S K M U A P O N D W B U C L R E S E N E A R R O K A D R D T S O C E A L N L N Y F U U L A J S C B O U T E F M I F H E L I G I B L E E F M X R P V C E P U R R Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own. across. A synonym of pail is TECKUB _________________________. 5. nontoxic _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 78 . or diagonally. 4. down. Words may go up. 1. backward. Find the relationship between the first two words. ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. An antonym of interior is REXRIOTE _________________________. 1. More is to less as gross is to _______________________. 2. Premium is to benefit as life is to _______________________. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear. “Again” is to reas “not” is to _______________________. HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE 3. An antonym of enter is TIXE _________________________. Child is to children as bigot is to _______________________.3. 4.

wax ____________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. bulk ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. therapy ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 79 . eligible ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. consumer ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. applicant ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. refute __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. insurance ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. exposure _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. façade _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. energy _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9.2.

ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1. T 2. _____ Two multiple-meaning words are saw and coat. 4. 7. _____ Cheese and lettuce are two popular condiments used in sandwiches.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. 2. Speeding is a ____________________ factor in auto accidents. F 7. Use context clues to help you select the right word. _____ The words indispensable and essential are synonyms. F 8. tenacious prevalent lucrative inclement negligible precise redundant multitudinous 1. and skills you will study in this unit. F 3. I crossed out the ____________________ words in my paragraph. WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete each sentence with a word from the box. Repair projects usually require ____________________ measurements. Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. _____ You will need a drill to repair a leaky faucet. 3. precise 2. redundant 80 . _____ Most traffic fatalities occur on Friday and Saturday nights. T WORDS IN CONTEXT: 1. _____ The words vandal and tagger are antonyms. concepts. T 5. 3. Her ____________________ recording contract made her wealthy. 1. T 6. 8. 6. 4. 2. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. _____ The abbreviation mg stands for milligram. prevalent 4. 5. _____ Every language has exactly the same idioms. lucrative 3. F 4.

corroborate to confirm or add proof to a supposed fact discretion prudence. state or condition tangible real. gratuity a tip. care in what one says or does divulge to reveal or make known efficiency the quality or fact of accomplishing a task with the least waste of time. etc. claim. or privilege of some kind WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the glossary to correctly complete the sentences. effort. very harmful or poisonous waive to give up a right. money given in return for some service inclement rough or stormy liability the condition of being obliged by law to pay physique the form or shape of a person’s body recipient a person or thing that receives something redundant unnecessary. able to be touched or felt transaction task or piece of business carried out or completed veteran someone who has served in the armed forces veto to prevent or forbid something to be done virulent deadly. solid. The president’s ____________________ kept that bill from becoming law.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 1 GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical index of useful terms. 2. 1. ____________________ weather could spoil their plans for an outdoor wedding. glossary entries are drawn from the various activities of everyday life. more than enough status rank or standing. In this book. 81 .

Melissa wouldn’t ____________________ her secret. Will the suspect ____________________ his right to call a lawyer? 8. that scientist soon became a celebrity. 14. her boss is impressed with her ____________________. 17. but he had hoped for a ____________________ reward. No matter how much we begged her. 11. If you’re wearing suspenders. 7. a belt is ____________________. Jonathan’s dad is a ____________________ of the Vietnam War. As the ____________________ of a Nobel prize. Currier leaves a generous ____________________ when she gets especially good service. 10. 16. 4. 15. 82 . The ____________________ was finalized when all parties signed the contract. Every debt must be considered a ____________________. Joe appreciated everyone’s thanks. Charlene never wastes materials. Will you track the ____________________ of my rush order? 6. Mrs. 9. 13. Can anyone ____________________ your whereabouts on June 10? 5. AIDS is a ____________________ disease on the African continent. Barry’s ____________________ was greatly improved by long hours of exercise and lifting weights.3. 12. It’s wise to use ____________________ when dealing with strangers.

How many syllables are in the word recipient? _____________________ When recipient is pronounced.ANTONYMS 1 V Complete the puzzle with words from the glossary. What is the noun form of the adjective virulent? ____________________ 4. approve LOOK IT UP! R If you need help. the accent is placed on which syllable? 5. What four verbs are used as answers in the crossword puzzle? ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ 2. wholesome 8 3. use a dictionary to find the information you need to answer the questions. withhold 7. ACROSS 2 C 3 R 4 I 5 2. What are the two silent letters in the word waive? __________________ 3. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. disprove 5. fine 6. donor DOWN D 6 7 V W 1. 1. necessary 4. What crossword puzzle answer can be used as either a verb or a noun? _____________________ _____________________ 83 . claim 8.

(566g) SATISFACTION 100% GUARANTEED 1 qt. 0mg 0% 0% 0% Total Carb. Amount/serving %DV* Amount/serving %DV* Total Fat 0g Sat. Some familiar condiments are pepper. INGREDIENTS: DISTILLED VINEGAR AND WATER. 0g Protein 0g 0% 3% 0% 20 oz. Calories 0 % Daily Values* Total Fat 11g 17% Saturated Fat 1. and calcium disodium EDTA added to protect flavor QUALITY COMMITMENT If not 100% satisfied. egg yolks. lemon juice. mayonnaise. 84 . distilled vinegar. NO. spices. TURMERIC. ONION POWDER.000 calorie diet. SPICE.13kg) MAYONNAISE Nutrition Facts Serv. 0 *Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2. sugar. NATURAL FLAVORING 40 oz. (946 ml) REFRIGERATE AFTER OPENING. SALT. 1 GRADE MUSTARD SEED. SALT. or relishes we use to make foods taste better. 4g Fiber 0g Sugars 4g Protein 0g 1% 0% Sodium 190mg 8% Vitamin A 6% • Vitamin C 0% • Calcium 0% • Iron 0% INGREDIENTS: TOMATO CONCENTRATE MADE FROM RED RIPE TOMATOES. CORN SYRUP. HIGH FRUCTOSE CORN SYRUP. Total Fat 0g Sodium 65mg Total Carb. mustard. Size 1 Tbsp (17g) Servings about 66 Calories 15 Fat Cal. DO NOT FREEZE. Size 1 Tbsp (14g) Servings Per Container 64 Amount Per Serving MUSTARD Nutrition Facts Serv. (1. salt.5g 8% Cholesterol 10mg 3% Sodium 85mg 4% Total Carbohydrate 0g 0% Protein 0g *Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2.000 calorie diet. KETCHUP Nutrition Facts Serv. and other sauces. ketchup. Size 1 Tsp (5g) Servings About 113 Amount Per Serving *Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2. Calories 100 Calories from Fat 100 % Daily Values* INGREDIENTS: soybean oil. water. DISTILLED VINEGAR. dressings. PAPRIKA. These are the seasonings. whole eggs. Study the product labels below to learn more about the ingredients and nutritional value of three condiments.UNIT 4 Lesson 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Reading Food Labels Most of us use condiments every day.000 calorie diet. return unused product to your store for a prompt and cheerful refund. Fat 0g Cholest.

green partial artificial irritable nightly 9 F SYNONYMS Unscramble the words from the reading to complete the sentences. Bran muffins contain the BRIFE ____________________. 2. What five-letter verb in the reading means “to examine for the purpose of learning”? 2. 1. 3. What five-letter noun in the reading means “coarse foods. 5. Notice that the italicized word in each sentence is a synonym (word with similar meaning) of the scrambled word. fermented liquid used to flavor or pickle foods? ______________________ s ______________________ v 3. or content. with a product can return it for a refund. 8. 6. Customers who are not SIDEFASTI ____________________. your body needs to stay healthy.WORD SEARCH 1. 9. such as cereals. 7. ACROSS 3 1 P 2 R W 4 5 N A 6 1. Clues are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words. that help move waste products through the intestines”? ______________________ f ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 4. DOWN delayed subtracted boil strange 8 C 7 D R 2. or roughage. What seven-letter noun in the reading names a sour. 85 .

__________________________ 7. or spices. Packaged food labels provide INRUINTOT ____________________ facts about your body’s daily requirements for nourishment. mg _________________________ 4. 4. ml _________________________ 2. tbsp ________________________ 8. oz. How is the plural form of tomato spelled? 86 ____________________ . ABBREVIATIONS Choose the word from the box that matches each abbreviation. _________________________ 6.3. Which of the three condiments has a small vitamin content? ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ 3. People use GINSASENOS ____________________. What is another acceptable spelling of ketchup? ____________________ 2. tsp _________________________ Use information from the labels on page 84 to answer the questions. 1. to make their foods tastier. Why is a form of calcium added to mayonnaise? ____________________ SPELLING 1. Hint: You will not use all the words in the box. qt. g __________________________ COMPARING LABELS 5. Which condiment has the highest number of calories per serving? Which has the lowest? 2. kg __________________________ 3. milligram kilogram gram quart megaliter milliliter ounce teaspoon quantity tablespoon grain ozone 1.

Screwdrivers Both a standard and a Phillips-head screwdriver are necessary for most assembly work as well as for tightening loose screws. You’ll need more than a bed and a few groceries to be self-sufficient. But independent living carries new responsibilities as well as new freedoms. Pliers Reach for the pliers to get a firm grasp on a nut. Drill A handheld drill is perfect for drilling holes in wood or metal. putting up shelves). bolt. Who will do simple building projects and fix things that break? Every young adult—male and female alike—should be prepared to deal with simple household tasks. Saws An old-fashioned hacksaw is great for cutting through pipe and plastic. What sixteen-letter noun in the reading means “obligations or duties”? __________________________ r 87 . Most drills come with screwdriver bits. WORD SEARCH 1.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 3 Tools and Tasks Most young people look forward to moving out on their own. A 10-foot tape measure is fine for most basic projects. Adjustable wrench This basic tool is indispensable for many projects. because it works for any size nut. a circular saw is your best option. from fixing leaks to adjusting a toilet seat. loose doorknobs) as well as for everyday projects (hanging a picture. Tape measure Few projects can be accomplished without precise measurement. When you need more power. You’re going to require some basic tools for routine repairs (leaky faucets. or piece of pipe or wood. Following is a list of essential tools that everyone should own and learn how to use: Hammer A basic claw hammer is a necessity for most projects from hanging pictures to tacking down loose carpet. Needle-nose pliers are best for gripping small items or fitting in tight spots.

What eight-letter plural noun in the reading means “organized activities. nut nut ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ bits ______________________________________________________________ bits ______________________________________________________________ ANALYZING WORDS Study the words in the box. threaded pin used with a nut to hold parts together? ___________________________ b p 3. Write two sentences for each boldface word from the reading. 1. and underline the words that have a silent letter. best / _______________________ Many words have entirely different meanings when they’re used in different contexts. Make sure the word’s meaning is entirely different in each sentence. or undertakings”? ANTONYMS ___________________________ Write an antonym (word that means the opposite) of each boldface word from the reading.2. male /_______________________ 4. more / ______________________ MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS 3. new / _______________________ 2. Then circle the compound words. What four-letter noun in the reading names a heavy metal. Hint: You will make both marks on two words. tasks. household screwdriver people everyday simple wrench independent doorknob 88 .

89 . 2. jobs WORDS IN CONTEXT 6 O S Unscramble the words from the reading to correctly complete the sentences. 6. indispensable 3. ACROSS E 3 T 4. 3. If you’re trying to put together the parts of something. To tighten a loose doorknob. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. exact 5. 4. A plumber usually uses a CHEWRN ____________________ to hold and turn a pipe. a tool like small pincers. grip 2. 7.SYNONYMS 1 G 2 Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 5. You can use RESLIP ____________________. The solid metal head on a REMAHM ____________________ can be used to shape metal. you are doing SALYMEBS ____________________ work. A WAKCASH ____________________ has a narrow blade and fine teeth. To find out exactly how big a room is. 1. choice 6. uncomplicated DOWN 5 4 P 1. to bend wire. you will have to use a PEAT RUESAME ___________ ___________________. you will need to use a REDWERCVIRS ____________________.

One large city in California has come up with a program called Tag. Graffiti vandals can lose their driver’s licenses for one year. You Lose. Like all vandals. and fences. walls.UNIT 4 Lesson 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Communities Against Graffiti Some young people make a sport of defacing structures like buildings. Juvenile offenders are now required to complete more community service hours than ever. WORD SEARCH 1. A second offense will impose 132 hours of graffiti cleanup. investigation. 4. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “the deliberate destruction of property”? 2. A minimum of 66 weekend hours removing graffiti. These “graffiti artists” usually work together as a “tagging crew. 3. Enforcement teams are now being made up of police officers and community volunteers.” They go on “bombing runs” with the express purpose of putting their tag names on both public and private property. 2. street signs. Enforcement team members are hopeful that the tougher penalties will deter taggers from taking the risk. their eligibility to get one will be delayed for one year. taggers will be held responsible for restitution to property owners. Many communities are demanding harsher penalties for those who commit graffiti vandalism. If they don’t yet have a license. and apprehension. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the smallest amount possible or allowed”? 90 ____________________ ____________________ m v . First time offenders—and their parents—are required to attend a class taught by a police officer. They are multiplying their efforts at surveillance. This program mandates the following new penalties for taggers who have been caught in the act: 1.

i. From what foreign language have English speakers borrowed the word graffiti? 2. EVILJUNE _____________________ EDGAFNIC _______________________ EYELADD ______________________ TRAPVIE _________________________ 1. What is the singular form of the word? ____________________ ____________________ 91 . Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word with the opposite meaning). 1. win / L ___ S ___ LOOK IT UP! Look up graffiti in the dictionary. o.3. apart / T ___ G ___ T H ___ R 6. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “the act of paying back for what has been lost or damaged”? ANTONYMS ____________________ e ____________________ r • First. e. 5. public / ___________________ 2. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “the condition of being qualified for something”? 4. less / M ___ R ___ 7. unscramble the words from the reading. rarely / ___ S ___ ___ L L Y 8. Use information from the entry to answer the questions. enhancing / ____________________ 4. u) to write a word from the reading next to its antonym listed below. advanced / _____________________ • Now add vowels (a. adult / ____________________ 3.

game 5. lay on as a burden 92 . The police kept the suspect under surveillance for several nights. a. suggest to a jury c. ACROSS 1 S 2 T 3 M 4 5 H A 1. A judge could impose a high fine on taggers. being repeatedly questioned b. punishments DOWN 6 2. determine c. arrest 6. take into consideration b. fully informed of his rights 2. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. graffiti artists 3. more punitive P WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words. discourage b. watched over closely c. Fear of being caught will deter some vandals from striking. 1. a.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. terrify 3. a. increasing 4.

Brush a 3-inch border around the top. A full roller should cover a 2-ft. Mix paint thoroughly. 8. 5. Sand lightly to brush off loose paint and dull any shine on the surface. Wash your hands and tools with warm. Then roll across the V to fill in the section. If necessary. Clean to remove dirt and dust. Fill cracks and holes with spackling paste to smooth uneven areas. and sides of one wall. What six-letter noun in the reading is a unit of measurement meaning “four quarts”? ______________________ g 93 . Clean up. Use the V technique to finish painting the ceiling. square section. Then fill a lint-free roller with paint. Allow the paint to dry four hours between coats. but do not thin. sand and cover repairs with a primer. It is important to follow the directions in order. 3. apply a second coat. Use a scrub sponge to thoroughly clean paint trays and brush handles. 2. Stir. Use a nylon scrub brush to remove paint from brush bristles. Wait to decorate. Use a 2-inch brush. Paint trim and woodwork last. 4. When dry. 1. 6. Paint the ceiling first. Then use your roller and the V technique to finish the job. soapy water. Roll from dry areas into wet. WORD SEARCH 1. 7. area in one coat. Do not place objects on windowsills or shelves for 30 days (until paint is cured). Prepare the surface. Roll a V over a 2-ft. Begin by brushing a 3-inch border around the edges. Go on to the other walls.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 5 How to Paint a Room The following instructions appear on a one-gallon can of paint. Paint the walls. by 2-ft. bottom.

chronologically 2. cool /________________________ 2. liquid glue or adhesive ANTONYMS b. a. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the top part of a room opposite the floor”? ______________________ c WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase. special lubricating compound c. special paint used for a first coat c. patching substance made of powder and water 4. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “a method or procedure for rendering art or carrying out an operation”? ______________________ t 3. 1. a. Follow the directions in order. first quality wall paint Unscramble the words from the reading. etc. alphabetically c. things like picture frames 3. PYPAL ________________________ OTHMOS ______________________ SHIFIN ___________________________ RAWM ___________________________ 1. paint the woodwork. uneven /_____________________ 94 3. a. remove / _____________________ . After spackling.2. Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word with the opposite meaning). doors. sand and cover the area with a primer. one at a time b. After painting the walls. a. begin /_______________________ 4. Use spackling paste to fill cracks and holes. window moldings. wooden workbench c. b. flour-based paste that sparkles b.

eradicate 6. implements ANALOGIES H Analogies are statements of relationship. Placement is to place as removal is to _________________________. 3. First figure out the relationship between the first two words. Inches are to feet as minutes are to _________________________. Prepare is to verb as shelf is to _________________________. Baker is to bake as painter is to _________________________. 1. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. crevices 8 4. Foot is to pedal as hand is to _________________________. 6. c 4. ACROSS 1 2 1. Outside is to roof as inside is to _________________________. required 3. cavities DOWN 6 4 3 5 T N C R F I 7 T 2. Then show the same relationship by completing the analogy with a word from the reading. p 5. to dilute 5. n h 2. to complete 7. directions 8. r h 95 .SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading.

what should you do? A If you can’t avoid getting caught in a crosswalk. If you go forward. but the law doesn’t give the right-of-way to anyone. Don’t allow a driving trip to become a mad rush. you may obstruct traffic and cause an accident. and between midnight and 4 A. Your courtesy and caution may prevent a collision. The following factors must always be taken into account: bad weather. Q If the light changes while you’re in a crosswalk. If you back the car up.M.6% of all accidents. About three in every ten Americans will be involved in an alcohol-related crash at some time in their lives.M. If you must drive late at night. Most serious accidents occur during two blocks of time: between 8 P. plan to drive about 350 miles. be sure to wear your seat belt and stay alert! Q When you’re taking a trip. the driver on the left should yield. on Saturdays. and midnight on Fridays.UNIT 4 Lesson 6 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Safe Driving Quiz Here’a a quick quiz to test your “safe driving” knowledge. Q What’s the most dangerous time of the week to drive? A Saturdays. Q Who has the right-of-way when two cars approach an intersection at the same time? A No one has the right-of-way! According to the law. how many miles should you plan to drive in a single day? A Under optimum driving conditions. unexpected road conditions. it’s best to be prepared to yield—regardless of your position. stay put. alcohol contributed to 38. When you reach an intersection. Q Which contributes more to accidents—alcohol or speeding? A In a recent review of traffic fatalities. and driver exhaustion. More than 18% of all fatal accidents occur on this first day of the weekend. Speeding was the second most prevalent factor. you might hit a pedestrian crossing behind you. 96 .

When you’re looking at a map. What ten-letter noun in the reading names a person who is traveling around town on foot? 2. NECTER _______________________ DIOVA ________________________ LATER ____________________________ FELT _____________________________ 1. 4. An (ancient) ____________________ weather report predicted fair weather for this coming weekend. 2. An (inattentive) ____________________ person rarely misses out on a good opportunity. west is on the (right) ____________________ side. What ten-letter plural noun in the reading means “deaths”? _________________________ p c f _________________________ _________________________ ANTONYMS First unscramble the words from the reading. What nine-letter compound word in the reading means “a lane marked off for people to use while crossing a street”? 3. Then complete each sentence by writing an unscrambled word next to its boldface antonym (word that means the opposite). 3. Mrs. 97 . Hanson tried to (pursue) ____________________ a conversation with her nosy neighbor.WORD SEARCH 1.

Alcohol contributed to almost 39 percent of all car accidents. examination 3. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. 1. Several factors must be taken into account before you decide to keep driving.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. ACROSS 1 3 2 P E O 3. added up c. commentary c. in spite of c. a. be prepared to yield the right-of-way. a. ideal WORDS IN CONTEXT 5 F Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase. weighed and considered b. impede 4. a. in regard to 2. fatigue 3. managed to avoid c. perilous 5. played a part in 98 . deadly DOWN 4 D 1. common 2. gave money to b. a. tallied. criticism b. A recent review of fatalities listed the main causes of deadly traffic accidents. written in a ledger 4. Regardless of your position. without sending regards b.

Then circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. His ( tenacious / furtive ) behavior should have aroused our suspicions. 3. Hector’s long. 1.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 7 VOCABULARY STRETCH Get out your dictionary and thesaurus! The challenging words in this lesson were especially chosen to stretch the limits of your vocabulary. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. LOOK IT UP! First. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. That ( impetuous / lucrative ) boy often takes dangerous risks. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 99 . 1. look up the ten boldface words in your dictionary. Think about the definitions. Hint: For additional help. 4. use context clues. 5. using the boldface word choices you did not use to complete the sentences above. The big crowd at the championship game was unusually ( raucous / emaciated ). 2. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. rambling story was not very ( sporadic / coherent ). Brittany’s explanation of the problem was quite clear and ( voracious / succinct ). Now write sentences of your own.

emaciated 2. sensible 5. wordy .SYNONYMS 1 2 C 3 R Complete the crossword puzzle with words you studied on the previous page. constant. The faces of the starving people were pitifully ____________________. Use context clues for help. sporadic 100 a. rash. Over the years. noisy 3. sneaky I 6 T WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete the sentences with some of the words you studied on the previous page. clear. hasty 6. 1. robust c. The frightened child had a ____________________ grip on his mother’s hand. coherent 3. 3. rowdy. 5. concise 4. 2. 1. brief. 4. sly. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. ongoing b. ____________________ bursts of laughter could be heard from the playground. persistent. ACROSS DOWN S 4 F 5 1. plump. Kelly’s business has grown and become ____________________. ANTONYMS Draw a line to match each boldface word with its antonyms (words with the opposite meaning). determined 2. bewildering. The ____________________ teenagers asked for more pizza.

1. _____ to blow the whistle on 3. 1. not believe what we heard 4. wanted you to follow him c. _____ to climb on the bandwagon IDIOMS IN CONTEXT a. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. a. fooling around. That’s why understanding common idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. smooth surface 3. a. A little bird told me that I could find you here. doesn’t stop. Hint: Use context clues for help.EVERYDAY IDIOMS All languages have certain expressions. knew what was coming b. speak frankly and intimately d. Write a letter to match each idiom on the left with its meaning on the right. learned from a secret source c. a prophet predicted 2. keeps her yard well-mowed b. we could see the writing on the wall. keeps moving c. read about it in the paper c. _____ to breathe down someone’s neck 2. a. that cannot be understood literally. report someone’s wrongdoing Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. your little sister said b. prefers a flat. watch someone closely c. join others in supporting someone or something b. Bob was pulling your leg when he told you that wild story. a. teasing 101 . Even before the lay-offs. or idioms. Sandy never lets any grass grow under her feet. _____ to let your hair down 4. giving you a secret signal b.

102 . Information about a canned food’s ____________________ value can be found on the label. The adjective form of the noun necessity is ______________________. That patient’s ____________________ has recently been upgraded from poor to fair. 7. You can grip a very tiny item with needle-nosed ___________________. His fingerprints were ____________________ evidence that he had been in that room. Taggers. If you need help. check a dictionary! 1.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit! WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words you studied in Unit 4 to complete the sentences. 2. like all ____________________. Art’s ____________________ explanation of the water cycle earned him an A in science. must make restitution for the damage they’ve done. 1. 6. Paint the ____________________ of the room before you paint the walls. WORD FORMS s n p v c a c t Complete the sentences with different forms of the boldface words. Nearly one-third of all Americans will one day be involved in an ____________________-related car accident. 3. 5. 4. 8.

Apprehension is to apprehend as deterrence is to _________________________. or diagonally. ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. 6. 5. Words may go up. The noun form of the verb impose is ______________________. 1. HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE 3. Then complete the analogy with a word from the reading to show the same relationship. Sandpaper is to remove as roller is to _________________________. 4. First figure out the relationship between the first two words. 4. c d d a Find and circle the words in the puzzle. Ham is to meat as mustard is to _________________________. backward. across. 2. Check off each word as you find it. _____ PREVALENT _____ GRAFFITI _____ ASSEMBLY _____ PROMPT _____ TANGIBLE _____ DISCRETION _____ ELIGIBILITY _____ WAIVE _____ OBSTRUCT _____ IMPOSE _____ WRENCH _____ FIBER E L I G I B I L I T Y D S A D Y J Q S D X L I P D W C P T C U R T S B O T E Q S W U P Z C G H T A S C D O R O R A J A N N O W A S S E M B L Y E G P X A P T U N Z E D L I M R F I B E R C W S A B I B O S V Y G O H F V L X N H M J E F P S G E E C U G A P T H P D N R G R A F F I T I E F C P 103 . The adverb form of the adjective prompt is ______________________. down. 3. The plural form of the noun fatality is ______________________.2. Confirm is to corroborate as reveal is to _________________________. The verb form of the noun transaction is ______________________. The noun form of the adjective tenacious is ______________________.

Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear. 1. wrench ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. tangible _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. eligibility ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. discretion _____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. fiber ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. waive __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. assembly _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. impose ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. prompt ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. obstruct _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 104 . check the dictionary definitions.Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own. graffiti _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. prevalent ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. To get ideas.

ACROSS P R 3 4 A 5 N A 6 1. replacing the crossed-out word with its homonym. 1. Then rewrite the sentence. 3. cross out the incorrect word in each sentence. never wave your right to see an attorney. Hint: Check the Word List to find the homonyms. If you’re accused of a crime.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS END-OF-BOOK TEST WORD FORMS 1 2 Complete the crossword puzzle with a different form of each boldface word from the readings. Answer words are the part of speech shown. 6. 8. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. DOWN promotion VERB: __________ NOUN: V abundance ADJECTIVE: __________ NOUN: 7 F vandalize NOUN: __________ VERB: sensitive NOUN: __________ ADJECTIVE: 8 S 2. analyze NOUN: __________ VERB: 7. frost ADJECTIVE: __________ NOUN: HOMONYMS First. Should you paint the sealing before or after you paint the walls? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 105 . relevant NOUN: __________ ADJECTIVE: necessity ADJECTIVE: __________ NOUN: 5. 4.

6. you can put that coat on ____________________. If you knead more writing paper. If you don’t have the whole purchase price. Stop if you see a pedestrian entering the ____________________. utilities / utilitys . _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 4. 4. Who will council me about which classes to take next year? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ COMPOUND WORDS Write a compound word to complete each sentence. just ask for it. you must not ____________________ the driver in front of you. SPELLING Circle the correctly spelled word in each pair. strategys / strategies 3. curicculum / curriculum 106 4. 1. BOX A BOX B ways work gate away proof walk cross fool lay tail water wood 1. Hint: Answer words combine one word from Box A and one word from Box B. restaraunt / restaurant 6. Paint the trim and ____________________ after you paint the walls. Our country’s ____________________ are endangered by chemical pollutants. prevalent / prevelant 5. 5. To be a safe driver. The brochure claims that the assembly instructions are so easy they’re ____________________. bereavement / bereavment 2. 2.3. 3.

prevent / ____________________ 6. 1. list / ________________________ 4. flexible / ____________________ 5. write each word next to its synonym or antonym. punctual / ___________________ WORDS IN CONTEXT 1. permanent / _________________ 4. or diagonally. Use context clues for help. Even small ( formulas / traces ) of insecticide can harm aquatic life. deflate / _____________________ 5. 2. Words may go up. 107 . pessimism / __________________ 2. undeserving / ________________ 3. ___ TOXIC ___ TEMPORARY ___ PLIABLE ___ DETER ___ ROSTER ___ WORTHY ___ THRIVE ___ OPTIMISM ___ REFUTE ___ SCRAGGLY ___ PROMPT ___ INFLATE T H R I V E A S R G O O S P O M N C H E P B X C U T E I E T T O S I R O C V L R I E G Y C A T E B O M S D R H H G M A A I R P A H T W G I N S N A R L C R O L N M I X O O A A O P Y F Q C P N M M P W O O L O M Y D P O U M R C A E R O S T E R P S N T C L U N V B S H A E E T U F E R D O D SYNONYMS ANTONYMS 1. When you have circled all the words. backward. down. wither / _____________________ Circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. healthful / ___________________ 6. ragged / ____________________ 2. Check off each word as you find it. across. Hospice volunteers support ( terminally / habitually ) ill patients and their families.SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS Find and circle the hidden words. disprove / ___________________ 3.

7. Then write four original sentences. 6. When you’re angry.3. Your insurance ( gratuities / premiums ) may increase annually. 4. try to ( distract / inundate ) yourself by taking deep breaths. Everyone should know how to use a few ( viable / essential ) tools. Your car’s airbag will ( encroach / deploy ) if you have a collision. Psychologists say that ( contentment / vandalism ) is a result rather than a cause. tenacious inference organic resort cajole etiquette desert precarious 1. WORD: ______________________ 1: SENTENCE __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ SENTENCE 2: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ 2. 8. 5. Some telephone ( solicitors / applicants ) may be clever con artists. using each word in two different ways. MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Find two multiple-meaning words in the box. WORD: ______________________ 1: SENTENCE __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ SENTENCE 2: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ 108 .

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST Abbreviation abundance academic accessories acme acquired acute adamant adjustable adverse affects agencies agent aggressor allergy alleviate alter alternatives analyze anxiety applicant apprehension aquatic artificial assembly austere authorization avarice average awareness Ballot bandwagon behavior benefits berate bereavement bewildering bigot bilingual biscuits bolt bristle budget Caffeine cajole campaign carbohydrate ceiling certificate chamois chemical chronologically coherent collision commercially commitment community compost compression concise conclusion condiments consequence conservation consistency consortium consumer contentment corroborate counsel coupon crevice crosswalk crucial crusty cultivate curriculum cylinder Debunked deceitful decorum defacing deflated delegate deploy deter detergent detour digestive discard discipline discount 109 .

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST discretion disprove divulge docents Efficiency ejection eligibility eligible eliminate emaciated embellish encroach enforce engulf enigma enrich ensnare ensure entangle enthrone entrée entrust essential estimate etiquette exhort exposure expunge exterior fatalities feasible fiber filter firm flatter foolproof forerunner formula foster fraud frequent frontal frost fructose furtive hinder hoard hospice Identify impact impeccable impetuous impose inclement independent indigent indispensable inference inflated ingredients injury innate insecticide insulate insurance intake intersection interstate inundate inventory investment irritability Gamut gesture graffiti grain grasp gratuity gross gullible gusting Habitually hacksaw hammer harbinger hardships heinous Jettison junction justification juvenile Façade factor familiar 110 .

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST Ketchup knead Nadir necessity negligible net nontoxic nostalgia nursery nurture nutritional Lackluster layaway lease liability libel limitations lucrative Objective Majority malady malleable mandate manure marital mass massive maximum megadose megavitamins mental mentor merchandise moderate mollify monitor mortgage multitudinous myriad obligation obstruct occupants offense optimism optimum organic overwhelming policy precarious precautions precise premium prescribed prevalent preventive primer production profligate profusion prohibited promotion prompt property prudence psychologists punitive Paraphrase particularly passage pastry paucity pedestrian pedestrians penalty permeate pesticide physique pliable pliers Raucous realistic reasoning recall recipient recline recommend redundant refute regardless reimburse relevant repeal 111 .

EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST repetitive requisite responsibilities restitution restrain restriction résumé revoke right-of-way robust roster roughage routine Salvage scam schedule scraggly seasonings self-acceptance self-control self-respect self-sufficient sensitive severe shortening siege solicit solicitor solution solvents sophisticated spackling paste sporadic spurs staples status strategies stymie succinct suicide supplement support surveillance suspenders sustainable swindle symptoms syndrome turpentine tutors typical Ulcers underwriting upright utilities Vandalism vapid vehicle veteran veto viable vinegar virulent visibility volunteer voracious Tagger tailgating tangible technique temporary tenacious terminally texture therapy thrive timorous torso toxic traces trainee transaction transit trigger Waive waterways wax whereabouts woodwork worthwhile worthy wrench wrongdoing Yield 112 .

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