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(Effective from July, 2008) Introduction
The B.Sc. (Gen.) Course was replaced by the B.Sc. Programme in the year 2005. The first batch of this course will pass out shortly, in 2008. Vice Chancellor had constituted a Committee in August 2007 to look into issues related to B.Sc. (Prog.). Following the recommendations of the Committee, a request was sent to all heads of the Departments to review the syllabus. The modified syllabus was presented before the Academic Council in its meeting held on July 12, 2008. The modifications/redistribution of the content in the following disciplines have been approved by the Academic Council and ratified by the Executive Council in its meeting held on July 29, 2008. The modifications in the syllabus will be implemented in all the three years of B.Sc. Program w.e.f. July, 2008. 1. 2. 3. 4. Physics (PH 101,PH 102; PH 201,PH 202, PH 203; PH 301,PH 302 & PH 303) Chemistry (CH 103, CH 104; CH 201,CH 202, CH 203,CH 204; CH 301, CH 302,CH 303 & CH 304) Mathematics (MA 107a, MA107b, CS 110; MA 201, MA 202, MP 201; MA 301, MA 302 & MP 301) Life Science (BY 105, BY 106; LS 201, LS 202, LS 203, LS 204, LS 205, LS 206; LS 301, LS 302, LS 303, LS 304, LS 305 & LS 306) 5. Environmental studies (ES 111- On line and qualifying)
(For papers other than those mentioned above, the syllabus remains unchanged.) Structure
Every candidate shall be required to take an examination at the end of the I, II, III years respectively as per the schemes given below:
SCHEME OF EXAMINATION
I YEAR Course Code
PH 101 PH 102
Physics Physics and Electronics Laboratory-I Chemistry Chemistry and Analytical Techniques Laboratory Biology Biology Laboratory Mathematics Or Mathematics for Life Sciences Laboratory Computer Science and Informatics Environmental Studies (On-line)
3 6 3 6 3 4
100 100 100 100 100 100
Periods per week
3 6 3 6 3 6
CH 103 CH 104
BY 105 BY 106
MA 107a MA 107b CS 110
3 4 1
100 50 50(Qualifying)
3 3 1
Technical Writing and Communication in English 2
II Year and III Year
In the II year every student shall opt for three domain courses. The total marks for each domain will be 300. In addition every student shall opt for either an elective course or a project of 50 marks. In the III year, the student shall continue with the same domains which he had opted in the II year; the overall distribution of marks shall be as follows:
Course Code D1 201/301 D1 202/302 D2 203/303 D2 204/304 D3 205/305 D3 206/306 D1 207/307 D2 208/308 D3 209/309 EL 210/310
Course Title Science Domain (1) I Science Domain (1) II Science Domain (2) I Science Domain (2) II Science Domain (3) I Science Domain (3) II Laboratory - I Science Domain (1)
Duration (Hours) 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 to 6**
Max. Marks 100 100 100 100 100* 100* 100 100 100 50
Laboratory - II Science Domain (2) 3 to 5** Laboratory - III Science Domain (3) 3 to 6** Elective/Project 2
* In courses, where there is no laboratory, theory papers shall be of 150 marks. Similar distribution of marks will be there for III year. ** Practical Examinations in Chemistry/Analytical Chemistry/Industrial Chemistry and Physics shall be of 6 hours duration and in all other subjects of 3 to 4 hours duration.
The following combinations will be available: A. Physical Sciences 1. Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics B. Life Sciences 1. Chemistry, Botany and Zoology C. Applied Physical Sciences 1. Physics, Mathematics and Computer Science 2. Physics, Mathematics and Electronics 3. Chemistry, Industrial Chemistry and Mathophysics 4. Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry and Mathophysics 5. Mathematics, Computer Science and Operational Research 6. Mathematics, Computer Science and Statistics
D. Applied Life Sciences 1. Chemistry, Biology and Environmental Science 2. Chemistry, Biology and Agrochemical & Pest Management 3. Chemistry, Biology and Sericulture 4. Chemistry, Biology and Mathophysics
Marks III Year Examination CH 301 CH 302 CH 303 CH-304 Inorganic Chemistry Organic Chemistry Physical Chemistry Chemistry Laboratory III 2 2 2 6 50 + 17* 50 + 17* 50 + 16* 100 PHYSICS II Year Examination PH 201 PH 202 PH 203 Electricity Magnetism and EM Theory Thermal Physics Physics Laboratory-II 3 3 6 100 100 100 III Year Examination PH 301 PH 302 PH 303 Physics of Materials and Electronics Modern Physics Physics Laboratory-III 3 3 6 100 100 100 * Marks for Internal Assessment .Scheme of Examination (for different science domains) CHEMISTRY Course Code II Year Examination CH 201 CH 202 CH 203 CH-204 Inorganic Chemistry Organic Chemistry Physical Chemistry Chemistry Laboratory II 2 2 2 6 50 + 17* 50 + 17* 50 + 16* 100 Course Title Duration (Hours) Max.
MATHEMATICS Course Code II Year Examination MA 201 MA 202 Calculus and Geometry Algebra and Differential Equations 3 3 150 150 Course Title Duration (Hours) Max. Genomics & Molecular Biology Life Sciences Laboratory Life Sciences Laboratory 3 3 3 3 4 4 100 100 100 100 100 100 III Year Examination LS 301 LS 302 LS 303 LS 304 LS 305 LS 306 Development Biology and Physiology : Plants Development Biology and Physiology: Animals Ecology and Environmental Management Applied Biology and Biotechnology Life Sciences Laboratory Life Sciences Laboratory 3 3 3 3 4 4 100 100 100 100 100 100 COMPUTER SCIENCE II Year Examination CS 201 CS 202 CS 203 Programming and Data Structures Computer System Architecture Laboratory (Based on CS 201 & CS 202) 3 3 4 100 100 100 . Biochemistry & Immunology Genetics. Marks III Year Examination MA 301 MA 302 Real Analysis Algebra and Mechanics 3 3 150 150 BOTANY AND ZOOLOGY (Life Sciences I and II) II Year Examination LS 201 LS 202 LS 203 LS 204 LS 205 LS 206 Biodiversity I : Plants Biodiversity II : Animals Cell Biology.
Marks 100 100 100 STATISTICS II Year Examination ST 201 ST 202 ST 203 Statistical Methods and Probability Theory Applied Statistics Statistics Laboratory-I 3 3 4 100 100 100 III Year Examination ST 301 ST 302 ST 303 Statistical Inference Sample Surveys and Design of Experiments Statistics Laboratory-II 3 3 4 100 100 100 OPERATIONAL RESEARCH II Year Examination OR 201 OR 202 Optimization Inventory Management and Queuing Theory 3 3 150 150 III Year Examination OR 301 OR 302 Reliability and Statistical Quality Control Forecasting and Case Studies ELECTRONICS II Year Examination EL 201 EL 202 EL 203 Analog and Digital Circuits Semiconductor Devices and Fabrication Electronics Lab-I 3 3 4 100 100 100 3 3 150 150 . 301 & CS 302) Duration (Hours) 3 3 4 Max.III Year Examination Course Code CS 301 CS 302 CS 303 Course Title Operating Systems and Networks Software Engineering and Databases Laboratory (Based on CS.
Marks 100 100 100 INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY II Year Examination IC 201 IC 202 IC 203 Industrial Chemicals & Environment Fossil Fuels and Fermentation Industries Industrial Chemistry Lab-I 3 3 6 100 100 100 III Year Examination IC 301 IC 302 IC 303 Industrial Chemicals in Agriculture and Medicine Polymers and Instrumental Methods of Analysis Industrial Chemistry Lab-II 3 3 6 100 100 100 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY II Year Examination AC 201 AC 202 AC 203 Basic Principles & Laboratory Operation Quantitative Methods of Analysis Analytical Chemistry Lab-I 3 3 6 100 100 100 III Year Examination AC 301 AC 302 AC 303 Separation Methods in Analytical Chemistry Instrumental Methods Analysis Analytical Chemistry Lab-II 3 3 6 100 100 100 .III Year Examination Course Code EL 301 EL 302 EL 303 Course Title Electronic Communication Microprocessors and Micro Controllers Electronics Lab-II Duration (Hours) 3 3 4 Max.
Plant Pathology and weeds Fertilizers. fungicides Agrochemicals and Pest Management Lab-I 3 3 4 100 100 100 . herbicides. Structure and Function Biology of Plants : Form. Structure and Function Biology Lab-I 3 3 3 100 100 100 III Year Examination BIO 301 BIO 302 BIO 303 Cell & Molecular Biology and Development Biology Genetics.ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE II Year Examination Course Code ES 201 ES 202 ES 203 Course Title Concepts in Ecology Natural Resource Management Environmental Science Lab-I Duration (Hours) 3 3 4 Max. Marks 100 100 100 III Year Examination ES 301 ES 302 ES 303 Environmental Concerns and Health 3 Environmental Protection and Management 3 Environmental Science Lab-II 4 100 100 100 BIOLOGY II Year Examination BIO 201 BIO 202 BIO 203 Biology of Animals : Form. Biotechnology and Immunology Biology Lab-II 3 3 3 100 100 100 AGROCHEMICALS AND PEST MANAGEMENT II Year Examination ACP 201 ACP 202 ACP 203 Agricultural Botany.
Quality Control Agrochemicals and Pest Management Lab-II Duration (Hours) 3 3 4 Max. Soil Science Mulberry & Silkworm Studies Sericulture Lab-I 3 3 4 100 100 100 III Year Examination SC 301 SC 302 SC 303 Sericulture Crop Improvement and Management Silkworm Seed Technology and Silk Technology Sericulture Lab-II 3 3 4 100 100 100 One Elective subject in II year may be chosen out of the following: Economics/Entrepreneurship/Organizational Behaviour/Psychology/Financial Accounting/Financial Management or a Project of equivalent weightage in any one of these elective subjects. Electronics and Modern Physics Physics Lab-II 3 3 4 150 100 50 SERICULTURE II Year Examination SC 201 SC 202 SC 203 General Sericulture. Analysis.III Year Examination Course Code ACP 301 ACP 302 ACP 203 Course Title Applied Entomology Insecticides. Pesticide Formulation. Marks 100 100 100 MATHOPHYSICS II Year Examination MP 201 MP 202 MP 203 Mathematics-I Thermal Physics and Electromagnetism Physics Lab-I 3 3 4 150 100 50 III Year Examination MP 301 MP 302 MP 303 Mathematics-2 Optics. .
5. 2. II and III year examinations as follows : (a) First Division (b) Second Division (c) Third Division Note: Candidates who have failed or have been absent in any year of the B. However. who has not passed the third year examination. a candidate who does not pass the examination but has secured at least 36% in all the practical papers taken together and at least 36 % marks in all but two theory papers may be allowed to appear in the remaining papers along with the examination in the subjects of part II examination. if otherwise eligible. At the end of II year. but has secured at least 36% marks in any subject/subjects (Theory and Practical separately for each subject) will be exempted for reappearing in those subjects. at the end of the I year.Sc. Promotion Rules 1. and take subsequently the examination in the remaining subject of II year (in which he has not secured the pass marks) along with the University examination of the III year. The criteria will be applied separately to the University examination as well as in the total of the University examination and internal assessment. The successful candidate will be classified on the combined results of I. The minimum marks required to pass the II year or III year examination in the three subjects of Science Domains shall be 36% in the aggregate of the Theory papers taken subject-wise and 36% in the Practical examination in each subject. Examination may be allowed to reappear at the examination on being enrolled as ex-student in accordance with the rules and regulations : : : 60% Marks or more in the aggregate 50% Marks or more in the aggregate All others . 3. Physical Sciences/Applied Physical Sciences. and 36% in the Elective/Project in each year separately. 4. a candidate.One Elective subject in III year may be chosen out of the following: Green Chemistry/Polymer Science/Biotechnology/Forensic Science/Earth System Science/Intellectual Property Rights/Computational and Discrete Mathematics*/Mathematical Methods in Life Sciences. who has secured pass marks (separately in Theory and Practical) in at least 2 of the Science domains and has secured 25% marks in the aggregate including the elective subject/project may be permitted to proceed to the III Year class. The candidate shall have to secure 36% marks separately in the University examination.Sc. a candidate. At the end of the III year. The minimum marks required to pass the I year examination shall be 36% in the aggregate of all the Theory papers taken together and 36% in the aggregate of all the Practical papers taken together. *Only for students of B. as well as in the total of the University examination and the internal assessment.
be allowed to appear at the II year examination. shall be allowed to appear at the III year examination. separately. subject to his making up the deficiency of attendance during II year. in all the subjects taken together. held during the II year class. held in the college. held in the college in each academic year. at the discretion of the Principal of the College concerned. separately. but has attended in all the subjects taken together. in all the subjects of I year taken together. who was short of attendance at the end of I year class. separately. as the case may be shall be required to put in the requisite . but has attended. as above during the third year class. but has attended in all the subjects taken together not less than 55% of the lectures and practicals. held during the I year class and the II year class. if by combining the attendance of the III year with the attendance of I and II years. In the II and III year the student should have attended not less than two-thirds of the lectures and practicals separately. not less than 40 per cent of lectures and practicals. separately held during the III year class. subject to his making of the deficiency of the two years taken together.prescribed in that behalf irrespective of whether they had secured the minimum pass marks in the practical papers. Provided that a student of the I year class who does not fulfill the required conditions of attendance as provided in the Clause above. Candidates who have already secured the minimum pass marks in the practical papers and. not less than 40 per cent of the lectures and practicals. Explanation: A student who has failed at the I year or II year or III year Examination and has rejoined the I year or II year or III year class. but was allowed to appear at the I year examination. at the discretion of the Principal of the College concerned.Sc. may. may. the candidate has put in two-thirds of attendance in all the subjects taken together. during the II year. as the case may be. Provided further that a student of the III year class. be allowed to appear at the Part I Examination. at the discretion of the Principal of the College concerned. be allowed to appear at the Part II examination provided that he makes up the deficiency of the II year by combining the attendance of the first year class. not less than two-thirds of the lectures and practicals. Provided further that a student of the II year class who does not fulfill the required conditions of attendance as above. may. Provided further that a student of the II year class. in lectures and practicals held during the three years. and who has not been able to make up the deficiency as above. I year Examination shall not be deemed to have satisfied the required conditions of attendance unless he has attended. but such a candidate shall be required to make up the deficiency of lectures and/or practicals. or Project Report/Field Work Report at a previous examination shall not be allowed to reappear in the practical papers and Project Report/Field Work Report as the case may be. held during the I year. taken together. Attendance Subject to the provisions of Ordinance VII-Conditions for Admission to Examination : a candidate for the B. who does not fulfill the required conditions of attendance as above. but has attended. of the I year. in all the subjects taken together not less than 40% of the lectures and practicals.
and the attendance previously put in by him for the respective year will not be taken into account. b. SYLLABI AND READINGS IST YEAR . be allowed to reappear. alongwith the III year examination on foregoing in writing. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in the foregoing provisions: a. in writing. five years after admission to the II year class and three years after admission to the III year class. A candidate who has cleared the papers of the III year examination after having appeared at the Examination initially. may with a view to improving his earlier performance. afresh. during the pendency of the span period. No candidates shall be allowed to re-appear in the subject(s) of II year after he has passed the III year examination. the marks previously secured by the candidate in the subject(s) in which he failed to re-appear may be taken into account while determining the results of the examination held currently. Note: In the case of a candidate. at the examination in one or more subject(s) of III year either at the Supplementary Examination immediately held thereafter or if he fails to appear then at the next Annual Examination on foregoing. with a view to improving his previous performance. in the subject(s) of II year. be allowed to re-appear. on surrendering his earlier performance but fails to re-appear in the subject(s) concerned. once only. during the pendency of the course. A candidate for the III year examination. I. at the examination in one or more subject(s) of II year. once only. on application by the candidate which should reach the University within a fortnight of the termination of the current examination. may. appearing at the examination initially. for satisfactory reasons.attendance as above. Explanation: No candidate will be admitted to the examination after the expiry of six years after admission to the I year class. his earlier performance. his previous performance in the subject(s) concerned of III year examination. who offers to reappear in any subject(s) under the aforesaid provision.
Elastic Constants. Conservation of momentum and energy. . Kepler’s Laws (Only statement). Red shift. torque. Potential energy. Twisting torque on a wire. Wave Motion: One dimensional plane wave. Coupled Oscillator: Degrees of freedom. Resonance. Dead beat motion. Lightly damped system: relaxation time. Standing wave on a stretched string (both ends fixed). Normal modes. Unit III: Oscillations and Waves (Total Number of Lectures = 14) Simple Harmonic Motion: Simple Harmonic Oscillator. Relativistic velocity addition. Motion of simple and compound pendulum (Bar and Kater’s pendulum). Sharpness of resonance. Energy in simple harmonic motion. forces. Linear Momentum. Dynamics of a system of particles. Postulates of Special Relativity. Stress. motion of a particle in central force field. Unit IV: Optics ( Total Number of Lectures = 12) Wave Optics: Interference: Essential conditions for observing interference. Critically damped system. Variation of mass with velocity. Potential energy and force. Satellite in circular orbit and applications (Synchronous satellite.FOUNDATION COURSES PH 101 Essentials of Physics Unit I: Mechanics (Total Number of Lectures = 13) Galilean invariance. Damped Harmonic Motion: Equation of motion. GPS). Work–Energy theorem. Impulse and momentum. Young’s double slit experiment. Conservation of angular momentum. Doppler effect. Unit II: Special Theory of Relativity (Total Number of Lectures = 11) Constancy of speed of light. Forced Oscillations: Equation of motion. Lorentz transformations. Newton’s laws. Elasticity: Hooke’s Law. General method of finding normal modes for a system of two degrees of freedom. Quality factor. Coupled oscillator with two degrees of freedom. logarithmic decrement. Strain. Superposition principle. Steady state solution. Complete solution. Division of wave front. Classical wave equation. Superposition of two SHM: (i) collinear SHM of same frequency (ii) collinear SHM of different frequencies – phenomenon of Beats (iii) SHM of same frequency but perpendicular to each other and (iv) Lissajous figures. quality factor. The Michelson-Morley Experiment. Lorentz contraction and time dilation. Loaded spring.
Poiseuille’s equation. Polarizer and Analyzer.Diffraction: Difference between Fresnel and Fraunhoffer diffraction. Basic Principles of Drug Delivery. Fraunhoffer Diffraction – single slit (intensity distribution. Malus Law. properties: surface to volume effect. Nanoparticles: Importance of Nano-particle. Fundamentals of Digital Electronics: logic gates. full adder. Operational amplifier (op-amp) and applications: block diagram. Nerve Conduction (Propagation of action potential in neuron). half subtractor. I-V characteristics. Brookes Cole. David Halliday and Kenneth S. position of maxima and minima). Timing circuit using 555 timer: Astable and monostable operation. Neurobiophysics: Resting and action potential. Toxic effects of Nano-particles. Light Emitting Diode. application of laser in medical science Unit V: Basic Electronics (Total Number of Lectures = 10) PN junction diode: PN Junction. Resolving power: Rayleigh’s criterion. Physics for scientists and engineers. Capacitance of Axon. Polarization: Polarization of light (plane polarized light). population inversion. Biological importance of Hydrogen Bonding in water. circular aperture (qualitative). Volume I and Vol II by Robert Resnick. Polarizing materials.. Photodiode. Subtractor and Comparator . RS flip flops. Suggested books for students: Physics. Inverting and Non-inverting amplifier. concept of virtual ground. Flip Flops: NAND gate latch. Solar Cell (qualitative discussion only). Krane. Fifth Edition. characteristics of an ideal opamp. full subtractor. Application to medicine. resolving power of telescope and microscope. Unit VI: Applied Physics ((Total Number of Lectures = 10) Viscosity. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Application of op-amp: Adder. blood flow in human body. Zener diode. Laser : characteristics. Van der Waal’s interaction. Diode equation (qualitative approach only). 6th Edition. by Servay and Jewet . half adder. principle. Hydrophobic Interactions. Principle for measuring the blood pressure. ISBN-10: 0534408427 .
Waves and Oscillations. 2 edition (July 29. Srivastava. Mathur Additional references Feynman lectures volume 1.. and Ruderman M. O. Malvino 5th edition. Tata McGraw Hill. Narosa Publishing House.Op-amps and linear Integrated Circuits by Ramakant a. F. Berkeley Physics Course. ISBN-10: 0805390464 Mechanics – Berkley Physics Course. ISBN-10: 8131702286 Elementary Biophysics. C. Electronic Principles. Tata McGraw Hill . Tata McGraw Hill. Crawford. K. A.An Introduction by P. Vol. Pearson Education India. Addison Wesley. P. S. 2005). ISBN: 8173196052 Principle of Optics – B. A. K. Kittel. Vol. 1. 3. Knight W. Gayakwad.
Q factor of a mechanical oscillator. Each student is required to perform at least 7 practicals each from 102. Measurement of Voltage. 10. 7. To study the I-V characteristics of (a) resistances (Ohm and mega ohm range) (b) Tungsten bulb (c) diode or solar cell. 5. 9. 102.2. Note 1. AND. Determination of acceleration due to gravity using Kater’s Pendulum.PH 102 PHYSICS AND ELECTRONICS LABORATORY-I (Physical Sciences / Applied Physical Sciences / Life Sciences / Applied Life Sciences) 102. Design an astable oscillator of a given specification using timer IC 555. 4. 8. Determination of moment of inertia of a Fly wheel. (d) zener diode. 12. Study of the condition of resonance for a series LCR circuit and determine its resonance frequency and Quality factor. 11. Determination of RC time constant using charging and discharging of capacitor through a resistance. 2. 8. Verify truth tables. To design basic logic gates OR. 12. Determination of Planck’s constant using LED’s. 3. 3. Determination of the acceleration due to gravity using bar pendulum. Each college should set up at least 10 practicals each from 102. Determination of Boltzmann’s constant using semiconductor diode.1 and 102. Determination of the coefficient of Viscosity of water by capillary flow method (Poiseuille’s method). and (ii) half subtractor and full subtractor. To construct the RC differentiator and study the response to time varying signal. To determine the elastic constants of a wire by Searle’s method.1 (Physics) 1. frequency and Phase using CRO. 11. To determine the modulus of rigidity of a wire by Maxwell’s needle. Verification of Malus Law. To design an amplifier of a given gain using an Operational Amplifier in Inverting and Noninverting modes. 10. 9. 6.2. To design (i) Half adder and full adder. 7.2: Electricity / Electronics 1. To Study Op-amp as an adder. Single slit diffraction using laser. 2. To study the motion of a spring and calculate (a) spring constant and (b) the value of g.1 and 102. 4. To construct the RC integrator and study the response to time varying signal. NOT XOR using NAND/NOR gate. . 6. 5. 2. Determination of frequency of an electrically maintained tuning fork by Melde’s experiment.
Ltd. G. EMF Constant and Varying. 2. Vikas Publishing House Pvt. T. Basic Electronics (A Text-Lab Manual). 5. Methuen & Co. Paul B. M. London. Worsnop and Flint. Cambridge University Press.B. P. Physics Through Experiments 1. Newnes. Morris M. Digital Design. 4. Halsted Pr (1982). 1989). B. Butterworth-Heinemann (May. (Cambridge. Operational Amplified Experiment Manual. 8. 3. Cambridge University Press (Cambridge. Horowitz and W. Mano. 6. Operational Amplifiers. Zbar and Albert B. Hayes and P. 1983). B Saraf et.References: For Physics Practicals 1. Advanced Practical Physics. Tata McGraw Hill. 2003). 2. Malvino. Hill. 2nd edition. Clayton. . Advanced Level Practical Physics. Clayton. The Art of Electronics. (Delhi. Steve Winder and G.. 7. G. B. 1989). Indu Prakash vol 1 and 2 For Electronics Practicals 1. Student Manual for The Art of Electronics. Nelson and Ogborn. C. Horowitz. Data Converters. Clayton. 5 edition (April. 1992). 3. Morris Mano. Pearson Higher Education (1990). al. English Language Book Society. George Clayton.
dual behavior of matter and radiation. 2p.z) into polar coordinates (r. Significance of Ψ and Ψ2 . 3s. Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Ionic Bonding General characteristics of ionic bonding. (only graphical representation). trigonal planar. bond moment. polarizing power and polarizability.CH 103 CHEMISTRY No.y. orbital angular momentum and quantum numbers mr and ms. square planar. Covalent bonding VB Approach Shapes of some inorganic molecules and ions on the basis of VSEPR and hybridization with suitable examples of linear. Anomalous electronic configurations.3 The primary objective of this course is to promote an understanding of the fundamental concepts of Chemistry and their applications while retaining the excitement of Chemistry.y. transformation of cartesian coordinates (x. de-Broglie’s relation. ionic character in covalent compounds. The course also emphasizes the development of problem solving skills in students. Radial and angular nodes and their significance. Born-Haber cycle and its applications. Unit II. dipole moment and percentage ionic character. Unit I. 3p and 3d orbitals. Need of polar coordinates. Concept of resonance and resonating structures in various inorganic and organic compounds. Fajan’s rules. Significance of quantum numbers. Rules for filling electrons in various orbitals . tetrahedral.z). MO Approach . of lectures per week . Electronic configurations of the atoms. Statement of Born-Lande equation for calculation of lattice energy. What is Quantum mechanics ? Time independent Schrodinger equation (H Ψ= EΨ) and meaning of various terms in it. nodal planes. Relative energies of atomic orbtials. Energy considerations in ionic bonding. Heisenberg Uncertainty principle. Need of a new approach to atomic structure. Stability of halffillled and completely filled orbitals. Radial distribution functions and the concept of the most probable distances with special reference to 1s and 2s atomic orbitals. spin quantum number (s) and magnetic spin quantum number (ms). Shapes of s. Discovery of spin. lattice energy and solvation energy and their importance in the context of stability and solubility of ionic compounds. Schrodinger equation for hydrogen atom in cartesian coordinates (x.φ). 2s. p and d atomic orbitals. trivial bipyramidal and octahedral arrangements.θ. Atomic Structure Recapitulation of: Bohr’s theory and its limitations. concept of exchange energy. Radial and angular parts of the hydogenic wavefunctions (atomic orbitals) and their variations for 1s.
thermodynamic properties. thermodynamic equilibrium. Ionic Equilibria Recapitulation of: strong. integral and differential enthalpies of solution and dilution. Electronic effects and their applications (inductive. degree of hydrolysis and pH for different salts.Rules for the LCAO method. Maxwell’s relations. ∆E and ∆H for processes involving changes in physical states.bonding combination of orbitals . Variation of enthaply of a reaction with temperature – Kirchhoff’s equation. Concept of hybridization of carbon. change in internal energy (∆E) and change in enthalpy (∆H) for expansion or compression of ideal gases under isothermal and adiabatic conditions for both reversible and irreversible processes. state variables. moderate and weak electrolytes. First Law of thermodynamics and important principles and definitions of thermochemistry. Buffer solutions. Gibbs free energy and Helmholtz energy. Unit III. Comparison of VB and MO approaches. factors affecting degree of ionization. Theory of acid – base indicators. Gibbs – Helmholtz equation. NO and NO+. . Ionization of weak acids and bases.MO treatment of homonuclear diatomic molecules of 1st and 2nd periods (including idea of s-p mixing) and heteronuclear diatomic molecules such as CO. Calculation of w. pH scale. carbanions and free radicals). intensive and extensive variables. Solubility and solubility product of sparingly soluble salts – applications of solubility product principle Qualitative treatment of acid – base titration curves (calculation of pH at various stages of HCl – NaOH titration only). ionization constant and ionic product of water. various types of systems and processes . degree of ionization. bonding and antibonding MOs and their characteristics for s-s. Various statements of Second Law of thermodynamics. heat (q). Calculation of bond energy. Unit V. Chemical Thermodynamics Recapitulation of: What is thermodynamics? State of a system. Cleavage of a covalent bond: homolysis and heterolysis. Unit IV. q. bond dissociation energy and resonance energy from thermochemical data. Calculations of entropy change and free energy change for reversible and irreversible processes under isothermal and adiabatic conditions. s-p and p-p combination of atomic orbitals. Concept of standard state and standard enthalpies of formations. Salt hydrolysis-calculation of hydrolysis constant. Statement of Third Law of thermodynamics and calculation of absolute entropies of substances. concept of heat and work. electromeric. Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry Classification and nomenclature: hydrocarbons and their derivatives. common ion effect. Calculation of work (w). hyperconjugation and resonance). Criteria of spontaneity. Structure and stability of reactive intermediates (carbocations. non. concept of entropy.
E-and Z. Stereoisomerism Optical Isomerism: Optical activity. disteroisomerism.notations for geometrical isomers. racemic mixtures and their resolution by salt formation method. Effect of intermolecular and intramolecular forces on properties such as solubility. Sequence rules for assigning priority to various groups and R. . plane polarized light. enantiomerism.Relative strength of carboxylic acids (aliphatic. dipole-dipole. alcohols. aromatic and halo-substituted aliphatic). Relative and Absolute Configuration: D.system of configuration of carbohydrates. Threo. Energy diagram and relative stability of different conformational forms. Writing of Fischer projection and Flying Wedge formulae. Illustrations of interconversion of one type of structural representation into another type of formulae.and S.designation. Relative basic strength of amines (aliphatic and aromatic) Intermolecular and intramolecular forces: types of intermolecular forces and their characteristics (ion-dipole. Unit VI. melting and boiling points of organic compounds. Newman and Sawhorse formulae for representing conformation of ethane and butane. dipole-induced dipole and dispersion forces).and trans. Intermolecular and intramolecular hydrogen bonding. Qualitative treatment of stability of chair and boat comformations of cyclohexane.and L.system for geometrical isomers. phenols and nitro-phenols. Geometrical Isomerism: Cis. specific molar rotation.and erythro. vapour pressure.system of assigning configuration. Baeyers’s strain theory and its limitations. Chirality.
CH – 104 Laboratory: Chemistry and Analytical Techniques No. S. CO2+. Separation of mixtures by chromatography: Measure the Rf value in each case. 3. Separation of mixtures by Chromatography: Measure the Rf value in each case (combination of two compounds to be given) (a) (b) (c) Identify and separate the components of a given mixture of 2 amino acids (glycine. Mn2+ and Zn2+ Section B – Organic Chemistry 1. Estimation of water of crystallization in Mohr’s salt by titrating with KMnO4. 4. Purification of organic compounds by crystallization (from water and alcohol) and distillation. 3. Estimation of Fe(II) ions by titrating it with K2Cr2O7 using internal indicator. Theory needed for understanding of Experiments and the basic principles involved in instrumentation may be discussed in the Lab. Practical examination will include three exercises – one each out of the following inorganic. Br. Estimation of Cu(II) ions iodometrically using Na2S2O3. The Practical examination shall be of 6 hours duration spread over three sessions of two hours each. 4. Section A – Inorganic Chemistry Volumetric Analysis 1. . The exercises should be chosen so as to justify the time available for the examination. Estimation of sodium carbonate and sodium hydrogen carbonate present in a mixture. Identify and separate the sugars present in the given mixture by paper chromatography. tyrosine or any other amino acid) by paper chromatography. 2. glutamic acid. Detection of extra elements (N. Determination of melting and boiling points of organic compounds. A13+ and Cr3+ or Paper chromatographic separation of Ni2+. 5. organic and physical chemistry experiments. of periods per week – 6 Note: 1. (Combination of two ions to be given) (1) Paper chromatographic separation of Fe3+.and para-nitroaniline by TLC/Column chromatography. 2. Different students should be given different exercises as far as possible. Cl. I) in organic compounds (containing upto two extra elements). 2. aspartic acid. Separation of ortho. Estimation of oxalic acid by titrating it with KMnO4.
McDaniel and Alexander : Concepts and Models in Inorganic Chemistry. G. Douglas. E. pH-metry 1.W. 6. Oxford University Press. Narosa Publishing House.B. Determination of pH of aerated drinks. R.Boyd : Organic Chemistry.M. pH metric titration of HCl with NaOH. Molecular weight determination of proteins using Electrophoresis 1. Tata McGraw Hill.Atkins : Physical Chemistry. Determination of enthalpy of neutralization of hydrochloric acid with sodium hydroxide. Orient Longman.S. 3.T.L.(a) (b) 2. 3. 9. J. Suggested Readings: 1.W. 4. P. Determination of integral enthalpy of solution of salts (KNO3.Eliel : Sterochemistry of Carbon Compounds. Tata McGraw Hill.A. Physical Chemistry.D. NH4Cl). Wilkinson : Basic Inorganic Chemistry. E. Preparation of buffers of CH3COOH and CH3COONa or Citric Acid and Na2HPO4 and determination of their pH values using glass electrode. G. arsine / lysine. . 2. John Wiley and Sons. fruit juices. Separation of a mixture of 2 or 3 amino acids (glycine.Lee : A New Concise Inorganic Chemistry. Determination of heat capacity of calorimeter. Peter Sykes : A Guide Book to Reaction Mechanism in Organic Chemistry. aspartic acid /glutamic acid) by electrophoresis.Cotton & G. T.Section C – Physical Chemistry Thermochemistry 1. F. 5. Determination of enthalpy of ionization of acetic acid.N. John Wiley. 3.L. John Wiley. Prentice Hall.Castellan: Physical Chemistry.Barrow. 8.Morrison & R. shampoos and soaps (use dilute solutions of soaps and shampoos to prevent damage to the glass electrode).Graham Solomons : Organic Chemistry.W. 2. 10. 7.
San Francisco. P. b. c. Ch 3 Raven. New Delhi Griffiths. W.H et al (2006) Biology 7th edition Tata McGrawHill Publications. Chemistry of life (Ch 2 Campbell) Water and life ( Ch 3 Campbell ) Carbon and life ( Ch 4 Campbell ) Structure and function of biomolecules ( Ch 5 Campbell) Unit III Cell and Cellular Processes a.H.A. Biology of plants) d. B. Cell as a unit of life ( Ch 6 Campbell) c. d. D. NY . Mitosis and Meiosis ( Ch 12. and Reece. Techniques to study cells: Microscopy-light and electron ( Ch 1 Sheeler) b. J.BY 105 BIOLOGY Unit I Biological systems. A. d. 3rd edition. 9th edition. b. Pearson Benjamin Cummings. NY. John Wiley & sons.13 Campbell ) Readings: • • • • Campbell. N. Introduction to concepts of biology ( Ch 1 Campbell) Evolutionary history of biological diversity ( Ch 26 Campbell) Classifying the diversity of life (Ch 25 Raven) Darwinian view of life and origin of species (Ch22. Cell wall and cell membrane: structure and function ( Ch 7 Campbell. Freeman & Co.Interphase.E (2006) Cell and Molecular Biology. Sheeler. P and Bianchi. Ch 15 Sheeler. Raven.J. Cell cycle.F et al (2008) Introduction to Genetic Analysis. e. evolution and biodiversity a. (2008) Biology 8th edition. 24 Campbell ) Genetic approach to Biology ( Ch 1 Griffiths 9th edn) Unit II Chemical context of living systems a. c.
2.coli proteins by SDS. To study the cytochemical distribution of nucleic acid and mucupolysaccharides with in cells/tissues. To make temporary squash preparation of grasshopper testes and study various stages of meiosis.PAGE. 3. To study the increase in number of E. To isolate plasmid DNA of E. Take microphotographs. 9. . Also study the buffering capacity of any plant juice and plot a graph. To study the plant cell structure through temporary mounts. To study viability of cells by dye exclusion method. 8. 6. proteins. (permanent slides). To quantify DNA by agarose gel electrophoresis using lambda DNA as standard. To study the structure of animal cells by temporary mounts. To study mitochondria in striated muscle cells using vital stain Janus Green B. 12. To study prokaryotic cells (bacteria). 5. To separate E.coli cells. 8.coli cells as a function of time by turbidity method. To perform quantitative estimation of protein using the Lowry's method. Draw a growth curve from the available data.BY 106 BIOLOGY LABORATORY Botany 1. Zoology 1. 11. 11. viruses. and take microphotographs. To perform acid hydrolysis of DNA and separation of bases by paper chromatography. 12. To prepare temporary stained squash from root tips of Allium cepa to study various stages of mitosis. To separate a mixture of dyes using column chromatography (Sephadex G-25/other). To perform micro-chemical tests for carbohydrates. elute the pigments and determine the absorption maxima/spectrum for each. 2. 5. To isolate DNA from E. 3. To enumerate cells by hemocytometer. To separate and quantify sugars by thin layer chromatography.coli) cells. 7. 9. To prepare phosphate buffer and study its buffering capacity. 4. To perform quantitative estimation of DNA using UV spectrophotometer and determine the absorption maxima. 6.coli by alkaline method. To separate chloroplast pigments by paper chromatography. To perform gram staining of bacteria. 7. 10. To study the culture bacterial (E. lipids and nucleic acids. 10. eukaryotic cells and cell organelles with the help of light and electron micrographs. 4.
trigonometric. Laplace equation and diffusion equation. Dilation. Covergenee of a sequence and algebra of convergent sequences.Standard basis for each of them. sin x. Reduction to diagonal form upto matrices of order 3. Verification of known basic solutions of wave equation.MA 107a MATHEMATICS (72 Lectures) The objective of this course is to lay the foundations of Mathematics required for the study of Physical Sciences. Combinatorics and Statistics. Successive differentiation. The focus is on introducing mathematical concepts using examples and problems from various science domains. Chemistry. Graphs and Level curves of functions of two variables. radioactive decay. graphical and application oriented approaches are introduces. Recursion formulae for higher derivative. Illustration of proof of convergence of some simple sequences such as (-1)n/n. Matrices (24 L) 25 Marks R. xn with | x | < 1. Translation. Subspaces of R2. temperature cooling/heating problem. R3 as vector spaces over R and concept of Rn . Rotation. Partial differentiation upto second order. exponential. Functions of two variables. followed by concepts of recursion and difference equations. . (1+1/n)n. inverse trigonometric. Computation of Taylor’s Maclaurin’s series of functions such as ex. cos x. simple pendulum. wherever appropriate. Rigorous approaches including proofs and derivations are exemplified in a few topics. log (1 + x). Leibnitz. Rank of matrix. line and plane. Calculus (30 L) 30 Marks Sequences to be introduced through the examples arising in Science beginning with finite sequences. Concept of linear Independence and examples of different bases. theorem. Solutions of a system of linear equations using matrices. heat equation. Graphs of simple concrete functions such as polynomial. Physics. Matrices in diagonal form. Unit I. logarithmic arising in problems of chemical reaction. Their use in polynomial approximation and error estimation of elementary functions. Illustrative examples of above concepts from Geometry. Eigenvalues and Eigen Vectors for such transformations. Unit II. 1/n2. Visual. R2. R3. Matrix form of basic geometric transformations. Reflection in a point. Computation of matrix inverses using elementary row operations.
Unit III. radioactive decay. Mathematical Expectation. Sample mean and Sampling Variance. T. administration of medicine and cell division. 1. Pearson Education (Singapore) . Statistics (18 L) 20 Marks Elementary Probability and basic laws. John Wiley and Sons (Asia) : 2002. Johnson : Miller and Freund’s Probability and Statistics for Engineers.. Apostal : Calculus. D. Pearson Education. . George B. Massachusetts. vol. India (2000). Inc. Reprint from Chennai. Richard A. Curve fitting. Discrete and Continuous random variable. Cambridge. Poisson and Normal distribution. Ross L. 2. 4. Suggested Readings 1. a simple tool for Geologists. Hypothesis testing using standard normal variate. Thomas. Emphasis on examples from Physical Sciences. Finney : Calculus and Analysis Geometry. Mean and Variance of Binomial. 3.M. 2005. Jr.. 2001. Corelation and Regression.Formation and solution of Differential equations arising in population growth. Blackwell Science. Waltham : Mathematics.
The focus is on introducing mathematical concepts using relevant examples and in developing problem solving skills. Sum and product of matrices upto order 3. Poisson and Normal distribution. Product rule and Quotient rule. Sample mean and Sampling variance. Simple observations about these functions like increasing. Unit III. Mathematical Expectation. Multivariate Calculus (24 L) 25 Marks Examples of matrices arising in Biological Sciences and Biological Networks. biological rhythms. Mean and Variance of Binomial. administration of medicine and diffusion equation arising from diffusion on Potassium ions in Cells. Integrals of the functions introduced above. Functions and their graphs: polynomial. sine. Second order derivatives of above functions. Concept to be motivated through simple concrete examples as given above from Biological and Physical Sciences. Unit I. exponential and logarithmic functions. Partial differentiation upto second order. Use of methods of differentiation like Chain rule. decreasing and periodicity. The Fibonacci sequence arising from branching habit of trees and breeding habit of rabbits. muscular fibers etc.MA 107 b Mathematics (72 Lectures) The objective of this course is to lay the foundations of Mathematics required for life sciences. Correlation and Rregression (only application). Emphasis on examples from Biological Sciences. Functions of two variables. followed by concepts of recursion and difference equations. Curve Fitting. Motivation and illustration for these functions through projectile motion. kurtosis. Discrete and Continuous Random Variables. Calculus (24 L) 25 Marks Sets. . skewness. Hypothesis testing using standard normal variate. cosine. Statistics (24 L) 25 Marks Measures of central tendency. Sequences. wherever appropriate. simple pendulum. Elementary Probability and basic laws. graphic and application oriented approaches are used. Visual. Modeling and verification of solutions of differential equations arising in population growth. Integration as reverse process of differentiation. Unit II. Intuitive idea of discontinuity and continuity. Differentiation. cell division. Measures of dispersion.
1975) 3. Eason. C. New Delhi (1971. John Wiley and Sons Inc. John Wiley and Sons. 2. Danial: Biostatistics: A foundation for Analysis in Health Sciences. Oxford University Press. International Student Edition. Coles and G. 1980. E. Druce: Advances Biology Statistics. W. Batschelet: Introduction to Mathematics for Life Scientists. Springer Verlag.W. 2004. 4. Gettinby: Mathematics and Statistics for the Bio-Sciences. Narosa Publishing House. . A.Suggested Readings 1. G. Edmondson and D. 1996.
reading and writing. median. control structures for selection and looping.org Reference manual for Python available at: http://www. introduction to files: opening. binary. roots. basic functions and formulas. creating charts. use of geometric transformations for 2D and 3D objects. hexadecimal. printers. data types.CS 110 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS As application of computers plays a central role in the study of science.org Note: Theory 24 Hours. monitor. functions. mean. number systems– decimal. The course would enable the student to make use of computers for data analysis and visual interpretation. the course aims at familiarizing the students with basic concepts and applications of computers.python. References: Reference manual for Open Office available at: http://www. Unit III : Programming : (13T+30P hours) Introduction to Scientific Programming Environment: Programming fundamentals– input-output statements. Scientific visualization.openffice. secondary. Unicode. inputoutput devices: keyboard. standard deviation. Unit I : Introduction : (3T hours) Computer Fundamentals: Logical organization of a computer–memory: primary. The student would also be able to develop small programs for solving scientific problems. making use of suitable tools. entering and formatting information. Introduction to molecular modeling tool kit (overview) Note: Use of Open Office and Python is recommended as there are freely downloadable. variance. closing. ASCII. Use of scientific/statistical functions such as interpolation. etc. octal. Unit II: Data Analysis Using Spreadsheet: (8T+18P hours) Spreadsheet Handling: Creating a spreadsheet. arrays. data representation: bits and bytes. Practicals 48 Hours . tables and graphs. and histogram.
genetic. energy and land resources. human population and health. marine and noise pollution. ozone depletion.Natural resources and biodiversity Renewable and non-renewable resources. 10th edition McGraw Hill International. water. and Cunningham. soil. scope.Environmental studies Unit I. Unit II. W. food. Unit III. value and conservation of biodiversity. importance and need for public awareness. Boston 2.Cunningham. Biogeogaphical classification in India. 3. waste management.Introduction The multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies ( global and Indian perspective). Readings: 1.a global concern.P. effects and control measures of : air.T 2006 Environmental Science 11th edition Brooks/Cole. G. Australia . E. mineral.Miller. species and ecosystem diversity. Bharucha. Biodiversity.A 2008 Environmental Science. water conservation. Natural resources and their problems. water.forest. Environment. M. urban problems. Hyderabad. global warming.Environmental pollution Causes. 2005 Textbook of Environmental Studies for undergraduate courses(for UGC) University Press. Climate change.
II ND YEAR .
UNIT IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Electromagnetic waves (Number of Lectures = 25) Faraday’s laws of induction (differential and integral form). surface and volume elements in spherical polar coordinates. plane wave equation: transverse nature of EM waves.G.. application to linear. Magnetic force between two current carrying conductors. electromagnetic damping. a scalar. Line. applications of Ampere’s law: field due to straight. Polarization vector P. reciprocity theorem. UNIT III: Magnetostatics (Number of Lectures = 10) Concept of magnetic field B and magnetic flux.Torque on a current loop in a uniform magnetic field. polarization. Electric Potential:. self and mutual Induction. Energy stored in magnetic field. divergence. solenoidal field.Electric field in a dielectric medium. Directional derivatives. Magnetism and Electromagnetic Theory UNIT I: Vector Calculus (Number of Lectures = 10) Scalar and vector fields. relation between electric potential and electric field. potential energy of a system of charges. relation between E. Force on a point charge in a magnetic field. plane and spherical charge distributions. Magnetic field intensity. critical damping resistance. Lenz’s law. UNIT II: Electrostatics (Number of Lectures = 15) Electric Field:. Magnetic energy in terms of current and inductance. Electric Field in a medium:. circular and solenoidal currents. Conservative nature of electric field E. Properties of B. Displacement vector D. . velocity of light in vacuum and in medium. Continuity equation. Integral form of Ampere’s law. Gauss’s law (Integral and differential forms). curl and Laplacian operations and their meaning. electric susceptibility. boundary conditions. B due to a straight current carrying conductor.t. irrotational field. Stoke’s Theorem.PH 201 Electricity. displacement current. Calculation of potential from electric field for a spherical charge distribution. working principle of B. curl and divergence of B. Boundary conditions for E and D at the interface of two homogeneous isotropic dielectrics. Gauss’s Theorem. reflection and transmission.Concept of electric field lines and electric flux. Energy density in an electric field. gradient. differentiation of a vector w. current and charge sensitivity. Ballistic Galvanometer:.Concept of electric potential. modification of Ampere’s law. Maxwell’s equations in vacuum and dielectric medium. Biot-Savart’s law.r. P and D.
optical fibre. Electricity and Magnetism by Fewkes and Yarwood. Griffiths. Brewster’s angle. T and π conversion. Wheatstone bridge and its application to Wien’s bridge and Anderson’s bridge. R. Schaum’s Outline Series. Fibre Optics:. New Delhi 2001 Optics 3rd edition. numerical aperture. Poynting theorem. 4. Tata Mcgraw Hill Publishing Co Ltd Additional References Berkeley Physics Course. maximum power transfer Theorem. . acceptance angle. Electricity and Magnetism.Total internal reflection. Tata McGraw-Hill. circular and elliptical polarization. PHI. University Tutorial Press. Feynman. Ajoy Ghatak. critical angle. Vol I. Schaum’s Outline Series. Speigel.Polarization of EM waves. P. Vector Analysis and an introduction to Tensor Analysis by Murray R. Reference Books 1. description of linear. Addison Wesley. Purcell(McGraw-Hill). McGraw-Hill International Book Company. Edminister. 2. Lectures on Physics volumes 2. E. 1965 Introduction to Electrodynamics by David J. types of optical fibres (definition only) UNIT V: AC Circuits (Number of Lectures = 10) Kirchoff’s laws (mesh and node analysis of ac circuits) . 3rd Edition. Thevenin and Norton Theorem. Ed. 3. Singapore. Electric Circuits Joseph A. 5.M.
PH 202 Thermal Physics and Optics Unit I: Thermal Physics (Number of Lectures = 25) Thermodynamic Description of system: Zeroth law and thermodynamic temperature. third law of thermodynamics Thermodynamic potentials: Enthalpy. Joule-Thomson Effect –production of low temperatures. Unit IV: Statistical Mechanics (Number of Lectures = 18) Micro and Macro states. Quantum statistics: Ideas of Bose Einstein statistics and Fermi Dirac Statistics Unit V: Optics (Number of Lectures = 12) . Gibbs and Helmholtz functions. Planck’s law. Searle’s & Lee’s experiment. entropy changes in reversible and irreversible processes. Wein’s displacement law. Unit III: Heat Transmission (Number of Lectures=5) Modes of heat transfer. Gibb’s paradox. Rayleigh Jean’s Law. thermodynamics of an ideal monoatomic gas. conduction and diffusion. black body radiation. monoatomic and diatomic gases Transport Phenomena : viscosity. First law and internal energy. Mean free path. Second law and Entropy. Carnot’s cycle and theorem. degenerate energy levels. concept of entropy and thermodynamic probability. Classical entropy expression. phase space. Law of equipartition of energy and its application to specific heat of gases. energy states. degenerate gas. Relationship between adiabatic and isothermal elasticity. Classical Statistics: Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution law. Maxwell’s relations and applications . energy levels. Unattainability of absolute zero. Entropy – temperature diagrams and equations. Clausius-Clapeyron Equation Unit II: Kinetic Theory of Gases (Number of Lectures = 10) Derivation of Maxwell’s law of distribution of velocities and its experimental verification. Stefan-Boltzmann Law (no derivation). reversible and irreversible processes. conversion of heat into work.
Tata Mc Graw Hill 2. resolving power of grating. Ghatak. Fraunhofer diffraction: plane transmission grating. Frederick Reif. zone plate. Zemanskay and Dittman. B. Fresnel’s class of diffraction: half period zone. Mc Graw Hill Statistical Mechanics. Newton’s rings. Optics. anti-reflective coatings. The Indian Press. Zemansky. Springer Heat and Thermodynamics. Pathria. Pergamon press. Suggested Books for Reference Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics. McGraw Hill. FOR OPTICS: 1. K. Allahabad. Greiner. rectilinear propagation of light. W. Heat and Thermodynamics. Saha and Srivastava. A Treatise on Heat. Statistical Physics. M. Berkeley Physics Course Volume 5.Interference : colour of thin films. Oxford Additional Reference 1. Optics . K.K. 4. McGraw Hill 3. Mathur. interference filters. A. R.
203. B. 203. 7.1 Heat 1.3. Each college should set up at least 16 practicals from the above list. To determine the (a) current sensitivity.PH 203 PHYSICS LABORATORY-II (Physical Sciences / Applied Physical Sciences) 203. T.2 Optics 1. 6. and (c) CDR of a B. To determine wavelength of sodium light using Fresnel Biprism. To determine the Temperature Coefficient of Resistance by Platinum Resistance Thermometer (PRT). . 5. Each student is required to perform 12 practicals by taking at least 3 practicals from each of the three units 203. New Delhi. 3. 2. Practical Physics. To determine the ratio of two capacitances by De Sauty’s bridge. and maximum power transfer theorem. Suggested Books for Reference 1. Worsnop and H. 4.3 Electricity and Magnetism 1. Advanced Practical Physics. Nelson and Jon Ogborn. To determine coefficient of Mutual inductance by absolute method. Norton. 5. Flint. To draw a calibration curve for a Thermocouple using a Potentiometer. Superposition. 3.1 to 203. To determine self inductance of a coil by Anderson’s bridge using AC. To determine a low resistance by Carey Foster’s bridge. L. Kitab Mahal. 2. To determine the Cauchy’s constant and dispersive power of a prism using mercury light. To determine the Coefficient of Thermal Conductivity of a bad conductor by Lee and Charlton’s disc method. Indu Prakash and Ramakrishna. Assume 4. 2. (b) charge sensitivity. 2. A Text Book of Practical Physics. To study the polarization of light by reflection and to determine the polarizing angle for air-glass interface. To determine wavelength of sodium light using Newton’s rings. To determine the Coefficient of Thermal Conductivity of Copper by Searle’s apparatus. 4. 2. To determine self inductance of a coil by Rayleigh’s method. To determine high resistance by leakage method. To determine Stefan’s Constant. Asia Publishing House. 8. 5. 3. To verify the Thevenin.G. To determine the wavelength of Sodium light using plane diffraction grating. New Delhi. 3. Note 1.
organic and environmental chemistry. diagonal relationship and anomalous behaviour of first member of each group. SOCl2 and SO2Cl2 Unit II. Role of Mg2+ ions in energy production and chlorophyll. Their sources of contamination. Ellingham diagrams for reduction of metal oxides using carbon as reducing agent. Role of metal ions present in biological systems with special reference to Na+. NOx. structure and properties with respect to stability of hydrides of p. Compounds of s. N2H4. Ni. Allotropy in C. Chemical Toxicity Toxicity of As. Zn): electrolytic. Unit III. Ti. Structure. Kroll process. Fe. atomic and ionic size. SOx and H2S. Hg. Role of Ca2+ in blood clotting. NH2OH) Oxoacids of P. structural aspects and applications of borazine. Inorganic Polymers Comparison between inorganic and organic polymers.and p. van Arkel-de Boer process and Mond’s process.r.Block Elements Hydrides and their classification (ionic. Unit IV. covalent and interstitial). electronic configuration. s. electronegativity (Pauling. K+ and Mg2+ ions: Na/K pump. silicates and silicones. S. w.CH 201 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (2 Lectures per week) Unit I. bonding and their important properties like oxidation/reduction. Oxidation states with reference to elements in unusual and rare oxidation states like carbides and nitrides).Block Elements Periodicity in s. N3H. Cu. Synthesis. Hydrometallurgy. oxidative refining.t. Cd. acidic/basic nature of the following compounds and their applications in industrial. Parting process. stabilization of protein structures and structural role (bones). and Alred-Rochow scales). inert pair effect. Pb. and P. Hydrides of nitrogen (NH3.block elements. ionization enthalpy.block elements. Methods of purification of metals (Al. PCl5.and p. Bio-Inorganic Chemistry A brief introduction to bio-inorganic chemistry. Concept of multicentre bonding (diborane). Mullikan.and p. S and Cl Halides and oxohalides: PCl3. CO. . Causes of toxicity (biochemical effects) and antidotes. General Principles of Metallurgy Chief modes of occurrence of metals based on standard electrode potentials. Pb.
Aromatic hydrocarbon (benzene): Hydrogenation. Directive influence of substituents. Stephen’s and Rosenmund reduction. lithium borohydride. Oxidation of alcohols using potassium permanganate. SOCl2 and HI. hydration. Fehling solution and sodium hypohalite (haloform reaction). Electrophillic substitution (aromatic compounds): General mechanism of electrophillic substitution (nitration.2-diols by periodic acid and lead tetraacetate. alkynes. Benzene sulphonic acid: substitution of sulphonic group. Alcohols. hydrohalogenation (Markonikov’s and anti-Markonikov’s). Carboxylic acid derivatives: hydrolysis. Reduction reactions: Reduction of aldehydes and ketones by catalytic hydrogenation. potassium dichromate. Substitution reactions Free radical substitution: Halogenation of alkanes.CH 202 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (2 Lectures per week) Unit I. hydrogen cyanide and alcohols. Reactivity of alkenes vs. Aryl halides: Substitution reactions of chlorobenzene by benzyne mechanism. phenols and amines: substitution of active hydrogen by alkyl and acyl group. Replacement of hydroxyl group of alcohols by reaction with PCl5. Addition reactions Alkenes and alkynes (upto four carbon atoms): Hydrogenation. sodium borohydride. Oxidation reactions: Oxidation of side chain in aromatic hydrocarbons using potassium permanganate. halogenation. dehalogenation of vic dihalides. Oxidation of aldehydes with Tollen’s reagent. chromium trioxide-acetic anhydride. Unit II. allyl and benzyl halides (substitution of halogen by important nucleophiles). halogenation and sulphonation). Addition-elimination reactions with ammonia and its derivatives. Oxidation of Aldehydes and ketones: With potassium permanganate and potassium dichromate. Clemmensen and Wolff-Kishner reduction. Unit V. acetaldehyde and acetone): Addition reactions with sodium bisulphate. Unit IV. Etard’s reaction. Oxidation of 1. Nucleophillic Substitution: Of alkyl. Reduction of carboxylic acid and derivatives with lithium borohydride. Ozonolysis of alkenes and alkynes. Aldehydes and ketones (formaldehyde. sodium borohydride. potassium dichromate and catalytic dehydrogenation. halogen addition and ozonolysis. Ethers: Cleavage by HI. Dehydration of alcohols. allylic compounds and alkyl benzenes. Mechanism of E1 and E2 reactions. hydroboration and hydroxylation. . Elimination reactions: Dehydrohalogenation of alkyl halides. Quaternary ammonium salt (Hofmann’s elimination). Mechanism of SN1 and SN2. Unit III. Benzenediazoniun chloride: substitution of diazo group.
Beckmann. Hofmann bromamide. prepration of ethyl acetoacetate. Gattermann-Koch.Reduction of aromatic nitro compounds by electrolytic reduction. Benzidine and Fries rearrangement. Claisen conensation and Reimer-Tiemann reaction. Unit VI. Reactive Methylene Reactive methylene group. Reaction Mechanisms Mechanisms of Aldol condensation. benzoin condensation. alkaline and neutral conditions. . tautomerism. Friedal Crafts alkylation and acylation. Unit VII. isolation and estimation of keto and enol form in ethyl acetoacetate. using reducing agents under acidic. Unit VIII. Perkin reaction. Synthetic applications of ethyl acetoacetate. Cannizzaro’s reaction. Rearrangement reactions Rearrangement Reactions (without mechanism): Pinacol-Pinacolone.
compressibility factor. Viscosity of gases and effect of temperature and pressure on coefficient of viscosity (qualitative treatment only). deviations from Raoult’s law – non-ideal solutions. Lever rule. van der Waals equation of state for real gases. Partial miscibility of liquids. Temperature dependence of these distributions. variation of chemical potential with temperature and pressure Solutions Thermodynamics of ideal solutions: Ideal solutions and Raoult’s law. collision number. depression in frezzing point and osmotic pressures of a dilute ideal solution. Determination of molar masses of non-volatile solutes (non-electrolytes). Vapor pressure-composition and temperature-composition curves of ideal and non-ideal solutions. Viscosity of a liquid and determination of coefficient of viscosity using Ostwald viscometer. Distillation of solutions. States of Matter Kinetic Theory of Gases Postulates of Kinetic Theory of Gases and derivation of the kinetic gas equation. critical constants and their calculation from van der Waals equation. Andrews isotherms of CO2. Causes of deviation.CH 203 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (2 Lectures per week) Unit I. Continuity of states. Brief mention of various other equations of state of real gases (viz. Most probable. Effect of temperature on surface tension and coefficient of viscosity of a liquid (qualitative treatment only) [ Unit II. Nernst distribution law and its application. Colligative Properties of Dilute Solutions Thermodynamics of dilute solutions : thermodynamic derivations (from chemical potential) of the expressions in terms of molailty for the elevation in boiling point. Chemical potential. Colligative properties of electrolytic solutions. Relationship between different colligative properties. collision frequency. collision diameter and mean free path of molecules. Concept of activity and activity coefficient. Deviation of real gases from ideal bahaviour. Maxwell Boltzmann distribution laws of molecular velocities and molecular energies (graphic representation – derivation not required) and their importance. Azeotropes. average and root mean square velocities (no derivation). Systems of Variable Composition and Solutions Systems of Variable Composition Partial molar quantities and their physical significance. the Virial equation and the Berthelot equation). Collision cross section. Critical solution temperature. Critical phenomena. solvent extraction. Principle of steam distillation. van’t Hoff factor and its applications. Immiscibility of liquids. Boyle temperature (deviation not required). . Liquids Surface tension and its determination using Stalagmometer.
Thermodynamics of a reversible cell. Calculation of equilibrium constants from thermodynamic measurements. Standard electrode potential. Distinction between ∆G and ∆G . Electrochemical series. Phase diagrams of one-component systems (water and sulphur) and twocomponent systems (lead-silver. Le Chatelier’s principle (Qualitative treatment only). Reversible and irreversible cells. Types of electrodes. Conductometric titrations (only acid-base). Transference number and its experimental determination using Hittorf and Moving boundary methods. Applications of conductance measurements: determination of degree of ionization of weak electrolyte. Potentiometric titrations qualitative treatment (acid-base and oxidation-reduction only). Phase Equilibrium Phases. Nernst equation and its importance. Nernst equation. Gibbs Phase Rule (F=C – P + 2) its thermodynamic derivation. congruent and incongruent melting points. criteria of phase equilibrium. Concentration cells with transference and without transference. Chemical Equilibrium and Phase Equilibrium Chemical Equilibrium º Thermodynamic derivation of the law of chemical equilibrium. Kohlrausch law of independent migration of ions. hydrolysis constant of a salt. calculation of thermodynamic properties: ∆G. Derivation of Clausius – Clayperon equation and its importance in phase equilibria. Conductance and Electrochemical Cells Recapitulation of : conductivity. components and degrees of freedom of a system. Calculation of equilibrium constant from EMF data. solubility and solubility products of sparingly soluble salts. Ionic mobility. equivalent and molar conductivity and their variation with dilution for weak and strong electrolytes. Unit IV. Liquid junction potential and salt bridge. Thermodynamic treatment of temperature dependence of equilibrium constant – van’t Hoff equation. van’t Hoff reaction isotherm ∆G = – RT ln K.Unit III. º . ionic product of water. pH determination using hydrogen electrode and quinhydrone electrode. ∆H and ∆S from EMF data. Measurement of EMF of a cell. FeCl3 – H2O and Fe-C only) involving eutectics. Concept of EMF of a cell.
Fe3+. Determination of strength of the given potassium dichromate solution by potentiometric titration with Mohr’s salt solution. Determination of relative and absolute viscosities of a liquid using Ostwald Viscometer. S2O32 –. Zn2+. Physical Chemistry 1. Co2+. OrganicChemistry 9. CO32– . 3. Carry out following transformations using biocatalysts: a) Fermentation of sucrose with yeast and lab test of the alcohol so formed (Iodoform Test) b) Hydrolysis of an ester InorganicChemistry 11. Semi-micro qualitative analysis using H2S of mixtures not more than four ionic species (two anions and two cations and excluding insoluble salts) out of the following: NH4+. Br–. Sn2+. I–. Different student should be given different exercises. Construction of a phase diagram of a binary system (urea-benzoic acid) by cooling curves method. organic and inorganic chemistry experiments. Determination of surface tension of a liquid using a Stalagmometer. The duration of the examination shall be 6 hours. of periods per week – 6 Note: Practical examination will include three exercises – one each out of the following physical.CH 204 CHEMISTRY LABORATORY No. 5. Determination of equivalent conductance of a strong electrolyte (KCl) and weak electrolyte (acetic acid) at different concentrations. K+. 4. Determination of cell constant. . Cr3+. Determination of the strength of the given HCl solution by titrating against NaOH solution (a) conductometrically and (b) potentiometrically. Ni2+. Determination of critical solution temperature for phenol-water system and study effect of impurities. Al3+. CH3COO–. aldehydes and hydrocarbons to carboxylic acids f) Oximes and 2. NO3–. 7. Preparation of the following compounds: a) Carboxylic acids by alkaline hydrolysis of an ester/amide b) Benzoyal derivatives of amines and phenols c) m-Dinitrobenzene from nitrobenzene d) Osazone of glucose/fructose e) Oxidation of alcohols. Ba2+. S2 –. The exercises should be chosen so as to justify time available for the examination. Pb2+. Ag+. Mn2+. 2. Ca2+. Sr2+. Bi3+. NO3–. SO32 –. Cu2+. 6. 8. Cd2+.4 dinitrophenylhydrazones of aldehydes and ketones g) Amides and anilides of carboxylic acids 10. Cl–.
) 12. Advanced Organic Chemistry.F. R. PO43 –. P.A. T. G. 6. Organic Chemistry (Vols.B. MgCl2 and LiCl3. 2.W. Jerry March . I & II). G.Finar. Ellen Keiter and Richard Keitner. F. Inorganic Chemistry. Gary Wulfsberg : Inorganic Chemistry. Oxford University Press. E.L.Cotton & G.N. 13. 14.L.W.L. D.W.Graham Solomons : Organic Chemistry. I. Ltd.D. . BO33–. 3.Shriver and P.S. 12. Tata McGraw Hill. John Wiley and Sons. 8. 5. Suggested Readings: 1. Viva Books Pvt.Atkins : Physical Chemistry. Preparation of any two of the following complexes and measurement of their conductivity: (i) tetraamminecarbonatocobalt (III) nitrate (ii) tetraamminecopper (II) sulphate (iii) potassium trioxalatoferrate (III) trihydrate Compare the conductance of the complexes with that of M/1000 solution of NaCl.Castellan: Physical Chemistry.T. Prentice Hall. Orient Longman. F.L.Lee : A New Concise Inorganic Chemistry. Oxford University Press. Huheey. 4. Tarr.SO42 –.W. 10.B. Pearson Publication. Peter Sykes : A Guide Book to Reaction Mechanism in Organic Chemistry.S. Pearson Publication.Miessler and Donald A.Morrison & R. C2O42 –.Atkins : Inorganic Chemistry.Boyd : Organic Chemistry. 7. Wilkinson : Basic Inorganic Chemistry. F– (Spot tests should be carried out wherever feasible. 11. John Wiley. J.Carey: Organic Chemistry. E. 9. Inorganic Chemistry : Principles of Structure and Reactivity. Narosa Publishing Hou James E. John Wiley and Sons.A.
Biology of plants) Unit V Fungi Classification. male sterility. methods of culture. structure. economic importance. Mauseth) Unit VIII Angiosperms Characteristics. organization.LS 201 BIODIVERSITY-I Unit I Classification of living organisms Three domain. types and functions of endosperm. self-incompatibility. structure and development of anther. Algae. Neurospora and Agaricus). Selaginella and Pteris. ( Ch 22. pollen development. characteristic features of different groups in terms of vegetative and reproductive structures with reference to Oedogonium. understanding the diversity from an evolutionary perspective from prokaryotes to higher plants. structure. 23. polyembryony and apomixes. general account of lichens. Polysiphonium. reproduction. ( Ch 29 Raven) Unit II Viruses Nature. classification. variation in types of inflorescence and flowers. diversity of structure.( Chapter 12. ( Ch 20 Mauseth) Unit VI Bryophytes and Pteridophytes Classification . characteristic features of different groups in terms of their diversity of form. brief account of common fungal diseases in plants and animals. initiation and differentiation of floral organs. microsporogenesis.Singh) .coli and Nostoc. reproduction and nutrition. embryo sac. Funaria . modern methods in plant taxonomy. structure and development of ovule. common viral diseases. bacterial diseases. role of free living soil bacteria and symbiotic bacteria in nitrogen fixation. G. characteristics. (Ch 27 Raven) Unit IV Protists Autotrophic forms. types of bacteria. megasporogenesis.. ( Ch 25 Mauseth) Angiosperm taxonomy with special reference to Bentham and Hooker and Takhtajan systems. general characteristics. general account of cell structure. pollination. double fertilization. ( Ch 26 Raven) Unit III Prokaryotes Archaea and eubacteria. Mauseth) Unit VII Gymnosperms Vegetative and reproductive structures in different groups using examples of Cycas and Pinus ( Ch 24. reproduction (with reference to Rhizopus. functions. characteristic features of different groups in terms of vegetative and reproductive structures with reference to Marchantia. 6 kingdom. Fucus (Ch 17Raven. comparative study of E. fertilization. general account of structure and reproduction. classification into monocots and dicots. Vaucheria. pollen pistil interactions. types of embryos.
et al. Singh.H.Readings: • • • • Raven P. Raven.H etal (2005) Biology of plants 7th edition W. 3rd edition Jones and Barlett Publishers. Delhi Mauseth. James. G (2004) Plant Systematics: Theory and Practice 2nd edition Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.D (2003) Botany: An introduction to plant biology. New Delhi. . (2006) Biology 7th edition Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishers. P.H Freeman and Co.
( Ch 13 Barnes) Phylum: Arthropoda Vision. locomotion. metamerism. respiration. parental care Unit XI Reptilia (The first Amniotes) Terrestrial adaptation . respiration. Myxomycetes and Protozoa. nutrition. affinities. diversity. canal system. ( Ch 16 Barnes) Unit VII Coelomate Protostomes Phylum: Echinodermata Water vascular system.( Ch 7 Barnes) Unit IV Acoelomates Phylum: Platyhelminthes Parasitic adaptations. shell. Unit IX Vertebrate:Pisces Respiration. corals and coral reefs. (Ch 5 Barnes) Unit III Radiata Phylum: Cnidaria Metagenesis. characteristics of Oomycetes (Albugo). habitat. larval forms. migration of fishes.LS 202 BIODIVERSITY II Unit I Protista Heterotrophic forms. structure. Raven) Unit II Parazoa Phylum: Porifera Skeleton. general characters. polymorphism. reproduction. (Ch 10 Barnes) Unit V Pseudocoelomates Phylum: Nemathelminthes Parasitic adaptations. (Ch 28. osmoregulation. ( Ch 11 Barnes) Unit VI Coelomate Deutrostomes Phylum: Mollusca Torsion and detorsion. ( Ch 12 Barnes) Phylum: Annelida Coelom. ( Ch 28 Barnes) Unit VIII Invertebrate Chordata Salient features. excretion. Unit X Amphibia Respiration.
J and Williams. • Raven. New Delhi. flight adaptations Unit XIII Mammalia Integument( structure and derivatives). XII Marsh and Williams) Suggested Readings• Barnes. XI. X. et al (2006) Biology 7th edition. (2001).Unit XII Aves Respiration.D Textbook of Zoology: Vertebrates AITBS publishers . Invertebrate Zoology. Tata McGraw Hill Publications. P. A. VIII. • Marshall. IX. H. Saunders College Publishers. USA.D. dentition ( Unit VII. R. W.
19 Sheeler ) Unit III.Immune system Body’s defence mechanisms. BIOCHEMISTRY and IMMUNOLOGY Unit I. J. .Cell Organelles Structure and function of cell organelles: mitochondria. Ch 10 Sheeler ) Unit V. (Ch 1 Cooper and Hausman. Ch 16. plant and animal cell culture.Metabolism Introduction to metabolism and bioenergetics. N. chromatography. Ch 12. D. P and Bianchi.A. 18. acquired immunity. (Ch 8 Campbell. carbohydrate metabolism. autoimmune and immunodeficiency diseases. nitrogen metabolism . golgi apparatus. gluconeogenesis.H et al (2005) Biology of plants W. et al (2006) Principles of Biochemistry 4th edition Pearson Prentice Hall NJ • Campbell. electrophoresis. 14 Sheeler) Unit II. B. kinetics of enzyme action. 17. 13. pentose phosphate pathway. allergies. H.LS 203 CELL BIOLOGY. humoral and cell mediated immune response. mechanism of enzyme catalysis. glycolysis. P.E (2006) Cell and Molecular Biology 3rd edition John Wiley & sons. innate immunity. Michaelis-Menton equation. ( Ch 5 Horton) Unit IV. lysosomes and microbodies ( Ch 9. Components of Immunity. San Francisco. (Ch 43 Campbell) Readings: • Sheeler. subcellular fractionation. 10 Campbell. Immune response. chloroplast.Overview of cells and tools of cell biology Origin and Evolution of cells. inhibition. regulation of enzyme activity. radioisotopic techniques.H Freeman and Co.R. cells of specific immune system.Enzymes Reaction kinetics. (2008) Biology 8th edition Pearson Benjamin Cummings. NY • Horton. lipid metabolism. Inc. • Raven. and Reece. T and B cells.
( Ch 15 Griffiths) Unit IV Linkage and Crossing over Linkage. ( Ch 4 Griffiths ) Unit V Mutation Types of mutation. 6 Griffiths) Unit II Genetic material and its organization DNA/RNA as the genetic material. post transcriptional modifications. predicting mendelian ratios. role of RNA polymerases. elongation and termination of transcription. post translational modifications.J.and eukaryotes Transcription. Translation. special types of chromosomes. ( Ch 3. . epistasis. lethal alleles.modified dihybrid ratios. duplication. Watson & Crick model. sex determination and sex linked inheritance.F et al (2005) 8th edition Introduction to Genetic Analysis W.H. gene interactions . induced mutations (Ch 14 Griffiths ) Unit VI DNA replication Concept of semi-conservative replication. ( Ch 10 Griffiths) of gene Readings: Griffiths. A. ( Ch 7 Griffiths) Unit VII Transfer of genetic information in pro. chromatin organization and packaging in eukaryotic chromosomes. translocation.LS 204 GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Unit I Heredity Mendelian basis of inheritance. polyploidy. inversion. initiation. chromosomal aberrations. chromosome theory of heredity. ( Ch 2. positive and negative controls. features and deciphering of genetic code. (Ch 8. Freeman & Co. recombination and crossing over. 7 Griffiths ) Unit III Variation in chromosome number and structure Euploidy. regulation expression in eukaryotes. aneuploidy in plants and animals. gene concept.point and spontaneous mutations. mechanisms of DNA replication in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. pedigree analysis. NY. 9 Griffiths) Unit VIII Regulation of gene expression Prokaryotic inducible and repressible systems. types of RNA. cytoplasmic inheritance. chromosome morphology. deletion. complementation.
Psilotum stelar structure. Vegetative and/or asexual reproduction: Volvox daughter cells. Pollen germination using hanging drop culture. Pteris. Study of bacteria infested plant specimens (crown gall/root nodules/citrus canker). Fern dictyostele. Rhizopus rhizoids. Study of Nostoc (w. Dicot stem macerated tissue to show tracheids. Funaria antheridia and archegonia. Potato tuber. Vaucheria.mature embryo sac (permanent slide). leaves of Funaria. Selaginella rhizophore. bacteriophage and HIV. Funaria hypodermis. Sexual reproduction: Spirogyra and Rhizopus conjugation. Lichens. Study of the following groups with representative example ( examples given are only suggestive) Protista: . Pteris and Pinus sclerenchyma and lignified cells. photosynthetic lamellae in blue green algae.. Pinus. Pteris prothallus. dicot and monocot roots Assimilation (photosynthetic) system: Chloroplasts in Chlamydomonas. monocot and dicots. Funaria . Pinus male and female cone. Marchantia. Selaginella polystele. Dissection of developing seeds for studying embryos. photosynthetic layer in Marchantia.m. Cycas bulbuls. Funaria branched/ multicellular rhizoids.LS 205 LAB Biodiversity I Viruses – EM/Models of TMV. Cycas and Pinus. Penicilium/Neurospora. Penicillium conidia. Conducting system: Marchantia tuberculate rhizoids for exoconduction. Selaginella. Marchantia gemmae. Bacteria – Study of bacteria through permanent slides/photographs. hydroids and leptoids. Ovule and embryo. Hydrilla. Hibiscus androecium and gynoecium Study of floral characters of the following families for their identification according to the Bentham and Hooker’s system of classification. Rhizopus. Marchantia unicellular rhizoids (two types). Selaginella. Pteris. LS 205 Biodiversity II 1. Marchantia scales. vessels and phloem Supporting tissue: Chara silicified cells. Absorbing and / or anchoring system: Oedogonium holdfast. Solanaceae: Withania/Solanum Lamiaceae: Salvia/Ocimum Asteraceae: Helianthus/Calendula Poaceae: Wheat/Rice Study of Anther. Funaria. Young and mature anther( permanent slide). and permanent slides) Comparative study of the following using temporary preparations and permanent slides: Body structure : Oedogonium.
Hermit crab. spicules of sponges. Reptile (Varanus). Sedentary form.Hirudinaria Arthropoda Crustacean. Squamata –Hemidactylus. radula of pila.Sycon.Labeo Amphibia Aquatic. Flightless -Ostrich Mammals Aerial –Bat.Amphioxus Fish Cartilagenous.Bufo Reptilia Ophidia –Naja. With internal Shell –Sepia. Bony. ear ossicles of rat. Insect -Dragon fly Mollusca With external Shell –Chiton. 3. Aves ( fowl) and Mammals ( rabbit) . Fresh water with Spongin -Spongilla Cnidaria Hydrozoa –Physalia. Nematahelminthes.Antedon Protochordata. Make temporary mounts of Protists from pond water. Terrestrial.Uraeotyplus. Arboreal –Lemurs. Burrowing.Pristis and Electric Ray. Flagellate. Arachnid –Spider. Amoeboid – Entamoeba. mouth parts of cockroach. Comparative study of disarticulated skeleton of the following Fish (lakes). Crocodilia -Crocodile Aves Flying –Crow. Aquatic –Dolphin. Without shell -Octopus Echinodermata Free swimming forms –Asterias.Salamandra.Horse Burrowing –Shrew 2. pecten of fowl. hyoid apparatus of frog.Trypanosoma. With Suckers. Anthozoa -Tubipora Helminthes Platyhelminthes –Taenia.Myxomycetes – Stemonitis/Physarum. Aristotle lantern from star fish. regeneration of hydra. CiliateBalantidium. Amphibia (frog). Scyphozoa –Aurelia. placoid scales of Scoliodon. Terrestrial . taenia from intestine of rat. Oomycetes – Albugo. Sporozoa –Plasmodium Porifera Marine with Spicules.Ascaris Annelida With Parapodia –Aphrodite.
staining and counting of mononuclear cells from peripheral blood. Study of polytene chromosomes through temporary preparations. 3. Cell fractionation and determination of enzyme activity in organelles using sprouted moong ( or any suitable source source). To separate serum from blood. To study activity of enzyme pancreatic trypsin under optimum conditions. Study the effect of temperature. Demonstration of dialysis. 9. coli. 7.LS 206 LAB Cell Biology. 6. organic solvent on semi permeable membrane. To conduct Ames test for screening substances for mutagenicity. . 3. Study of recombination in Neurospora. To demonstration of primary and secondary immune organs in rat. temperature on the activity of salivary amylase enzyme activity. 10. Study of the karyotype and idiogram by photographs 5. To determine ABO blood group and Rh-factor. laggards. Screening for natural drug resistance in E. 5. 6. multivalents and bridges. 8. 10. 7. aneuploids and inherited characters through photographs and slides. Separation of single and double stranded DNA. Study of sex chromosomes. Permanent slides of salivary glands and lampbrush chromosomes. 4. To perform ouchterlony double diffusion assay. 11. Molecular Biology and Genetics 1. Effect of pH. 9. Study of plasmolysis and deplasmolysis. Isolation. Effect of chemical mutagens on the growth of E. Study of monohybrid and dihybrid crosses in Drosophila. coli. 4. 2. banding patterns. 8. Biochemistry and Immunology 1. 2.
Quadrature. R. Lines half planes. 3. ellipse and hyperbola. Davis: Calculus. Springer Verlag. circles. relation between roots and coefficients for polynomial equation. Bartle and D. Properties of continuous functions including intermediate value theorem. Classification of quadratic equations representing lines. Rectification. De Moiver’s theorem for rational indices and its simple applications. Darboux’s theorem. divergence. concavity. discs in terms of complex variables. ellipse and hyperbola. Bivens and S. Rolle’s theorem. gradient. John Wiley and Sons (Asia) Pte. 2. Anton. subtraction. convexity. Cauchy mean value theorem with geometrical interpretations. John Wiley and Sons (Asia) Pte. δ) and sequential approach. Tracing of standard curves. Differentiability. Reflection properties of parabola. surd roots and complex roots. R. points of inflexion for functions.MA 201 CALCULUS AND GEOMETRY Unit 1:Geometry of complex numbers and polynomial equations 25 Geometrical representation of addition. Uniform continuity. Reduction formulae. Definitions and techniques for finding asymptotes singular points. Lagrange’s mean value theorem.I. Volumes Surface of revolution. Results about occurrence of repeated roots. Integration of irrational functions. ellipse and hyperbola. Sherbert : Introduction to Real Analysis. 2002. multiplication and division of complex numbers. H. Recommended Books 1. Differentiation of vector valued functions. 1984. I. Ltd. parabola. Ltd. curl and their geometrical interpretation. Unit II: Calculus 60 Limit and continuity of a function: (ε. rational roots. 1982 A. Kostrikin: Introduction to Algebra. G. Statement of the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra and its consequences. Unit III: Geometry and Vector Calculus 27 Techniques for sketching parabola. Further Reference .
A.. . L. Salsa. Hille and G. 1999. Ross: Elementary Analysis. K. Thomas and R. 3. E.Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics.1. 2.the Theory of Calculus Series. 2001. Finney: Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Inc. Etgen: Calculus of One and Several Variables. L. Springer Verlag.B. 2003 G. Pearson Education (Singapose). S.J. John Wiley & Sons.
Euler and Fermat’s theorem. electric circuit problem. First order higher degree equations solvable for x. Index of subgroup. and its properties. Applications of differential equations: the vibrations of a mass on a spring. Concept of linear and non-linear partial differential equations. order of HK where H and K are subgroups. parabolic and hyperbolic through illustrations only. Simultaneous differential equations. Quotient groups. The Cauchy-Euler equation. Subgroups. examples. Wronskian. Basic theory of linear differential equations. Group of quaternions. Classification of second order partial differential equations into elliptic. total differential equations. the general linear group GLn (n. Lagrange’s theorem. cyclic subgroups. Formation of first order partial differential equations. Cosets. Cyclic groups from number systems. circle group. groups of symmetries of (i) an isosceles triangle.MA 202 ALGEBRA AND DIFFERNTIAL EQUATIONS Unit I: Groups. Methods for solving higher-order differential equations. Linear non-homogenous equations. mixture problem. Lagrange’s method. (ii) an equilateral triangle. the permutation group Sym (n). examples of abelian and non-abelian groups: the group Zn of integers under addition modulo n and the group U (n) of units under multiplication modulo n. Normal subgroups: their definition. forced motion. Integrating factors. mechanics of simultaneous differential equations. order of an element. R). groups of transformations in a plane. resonance phenomena. examples of subgroups including the center of a group. Unit II : Ordinary Differential Equations 45 First order exact differential equations. complex roots of unity. Charpit’s method (without proof). and (iv) a square. and characterizations.p=dy/dx. free damped motion. Rings and Vector spaces 45 Groups : Definition and examples of groups. Linear partial differential equation of first order. The method of variation of parameters. Unit III : Partial Differential Equations 22 Order and degree of partial differential equations. Solving a differential equation by reducing its order. Recommended Books . Linear homogenous equations with constant coefficients. (iii) a rectangle.y. the concept of a subgroup generated by a subset and the commutator subgroup of group. rules to find an integating factor.
McGraw-Hill. 1984 (Only sections 1-3 of chapter 12) Shepley L. 3. Ross: Differential equations. John Wiley and Sons. fourth edition. . Joseph A Gallian: Contemporary Abstract Algebra. International Edition. 1967. 1984 I. 1999. George E Andrews: Number Theory.1. Sneddon: elements of partial differential equations. 4. 2. Third edition. Narosa. Hindustan Publishing Corporation.
Unit III: Geometry of complex numbers and polynomial equations (16 L) 16 Geometrical representation of algebraic operations on complex numbers.MP 201 MATHEMATICS . Incentre. Jr. ellipse and hyperbola. H. Bivens and S. Centroid. cross product and their geometrical properties. Ltd. Relation between roots and coefficients for a polynomial equation. Limit and continuity of a function: (ε. rational roots. Calculus. points of inflexion for functions. Unit II: Calculus (45 L) 58 Defination and techniques for finding asymptotes singular points. dot product. Quadrature. divergence. Fourth Edition. curl and their geometrical interpretation. Differentiability.δ) and sequential approach. Differentiation of vector valued functions. 2005. 2002. Rolle’s theorem. concavity. orthocenter and Circumcentre of a triangle in complex form. ellipse and hyperbola. gradient. half planes. Statement of the Fundamental theorem of Algebra and its consequences. Tracing of standard curves. Anton. discs in term of complex variables. John Wiley and Sons Pvt.1 Unit I: Geometry and vector Calculus (35 L) 38 Techniques for sketching parabola. Section formula. Rectification. Properties of continuous functions including intermediate value theorem. 2. surd roots and complex roots. Results about occurrence of repeated roots. Calculus. Reflection properties of parabola. Davis. ellipse and hyperbola. I. circles. . Recommended Readings 1. convexity. De Moivre’s theorem for rational indices and its simple applications. Lines. Cauchy mean value theorem with geometrical interpretations. Frank Ayres. parabola. Vector-viewed geometrically vectors in coordinate system. Classification of quadratic equations representing lines. Integration of irrational functions. Tata McGraw Hill. Darboux’s theorem(without proof). Lagrange’s mean value theorem. & Elliott Mandelson. vectors determine by length and angle. Reduction formulae. Volumes and Surfaces of revolution. Uniform continuity.
6. A. 8. 1999. Finney: Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Pearson Education (Singapore). Spiegel.B. 1983. Etgen: Calculus of One and Several Variables.Fischer. 1984. Vector Analysis. Murray R. Elementary Analysis – The Theory of Calculus Series-Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics. 2003. Springer Verlag. E. Hille and G. John Wiley & Sons. Springer Verlag. 7. Springer Verlag. L. L. . 4.J.3.. Intermediate Real Analysis. Tata McGraw Hill. 2001.A. Inc. Kostrikin: Introduction to Algebra. Thomas and R.Ross. I. 2005. 5. E. Salsa. G. S. K.
IIIRD YEAR .
Class A. and C amplifiers. Type-I and Type-II superconductors Elementary Band Theory of Solids.Positive and negative feedback. cut-off and saturation regions. (3) Clampers. Linear monoatomic and diatomic chains. Qualitative description of the phonon spctrum in solid. Voltage divider bias.and paramagnetic materials. Unit Cell. ferrimagnetic. Current gains α. Bipolar Junction transistors:. RC phase shift oscillator. Energy band diagram in conductor. p-n junction power supply : (1) Half-wave rectifiers. Fixed Bias. (2) Series and parallel Clippers. Meissner effect. and ferromagnetic materials. DC Load line and Q-point. Lattice vibrations. Magnetic Properties of Matter:. UJT and FETs :.Barkhauson’s criterion for self-sustained oscillations. insulator & semiconductor. Hartley oscillator.Experimental results. Sinusoidal Oscillators :. . Acoustical and optical phonos. Reciprocal Lattice. Load line analysis of transistors. Classical theory of electronic polarizability.Chararacteristics of UJT JFET characteristics and its advantages. paramagnetic. X-rays Diffraction of crystals. Dielectric Properties of Matter:. Clausius-Mosotti equation. Brillouin zones.npn and pnp transistors. BH curve. Zener Diode Regulation. CE and CC configurations.Diamagnetic. β and γ and relations between them. Transistor biasing and Stabilization. Crystal diffraction: Bragg’s law. RC-Coupled amplifiers and its frequency response of voltage gain. polarizability. Curie’s law. L and π-filters. Colpitt’s Oscillator. Critical magnetic field. Qualitative idea of C.PH-301 PHYSICS OF MATERIALS AND ELECTRONICS (Physical Sciences / Applied Physical Sciences) Unit I: Physics of Materials (Number of Lectures = 35 ) Solids :. push pull amplifier. Determination of frequency. Hall Effect and resistivity. Classical Langevin theory of dia. Lattice translation vectors. MOSFET (Qualtiative Discussion only).Amorphous and Crystalline Materials. Superconductivity :. and energy loss. Critical temperature. B. Hysterisis. Feedback in Amplifiers :. Characteristics of CB. Centretapped and bridge full-wave rectifiers Calculation of ripple factor and rectification efficiency.. Unit II: Electronics (Number of Lectures = 35 ) Theory and Physics of Semi conductor. Active.Electric susceptibility.
First order passive and active filters. Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory. P H I 4. John Wiley and Sons. 3. Elements of Solid State Physics J P Srivastava. Malvino.Filters:. Introduction to Solid State Physics 7th edition. Charles Kittel. Nashelsky. Demodulation of AM wave using Diode Detector. Electronic Principles. and (iii) Band pass filters and plots of their Filter Transfer functions. 2. A. Circuit realization of Low Pass and High Pass filters using Passive Elements. Introduction to Condensed matter physics 7319-762-8 K. L. Analysis of amplitude modulated wave. P. Amplitude Modulation. ISBN: 978-81- b. Idea of frequency. Barua. Additional References a. C. PHI . Narosa. Tata McGraw Hill. and digital modulation. Modulation Index. Boylestad.Types of modulation. Modulation and demodulation:. Sideband frequencies in AM wave. Pearson. Elementary Solid State Physics . CE amplitude modulator. phase. (ii) High Pass . Dekker. Suggested books for Reference 1. R.Idea about (i) Low Pass .
Stationary states. Gyromagnetic ratio and Bohr Magneton. tunnel diode. Normalization condition. Wave-particle duality. Periodic table. Applications of Schrödinger wave equation:(1) Recapitulation of Particle in a box (1 dimensional case). de Broglie waves. Spin orbit coupling. Stern-Gerlach experiment. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle: Derivation from wave-packets. (2) Step potential (3) Rectangular Potential barrier and tunnel effect. Boundary and continuity conditions. Symmetric and Antisymmetric wave functions Atomic Shell Model. Electron two-slit experiment. Operators in Quantum Mechanics. Atomic Force Microscope.Zeeman effect (Normal and Anomalous) Many electron atoms:. Spin and Orbital angular momentum.Electron spin. γ-ray microscope experiment. Space quantization and Larmor’s theorem. Compton’s effect. . Unit II: Atomic Physics (Number of Lectures = 10) Atoms in electric and magnetic fields:. Applications of tunneling (qualitative description only): alpha decay. Group and Phase velocities and relation between them. Time-independent one dimensional Schrödinger wave equation. Expectation values (definition only). Conservation of probability. Fine structure. Davisson and Germer’s experiment.PH-302 MODERN PHYSICS (Physical Sciences / Applied Physical Sciences) Unit I: Quantum Mechanics (Number of Lectures = 24) Recapitulation of inadequacies of Classical Mechanics. Wave function Schrodinger wave equation for a free particle and in a force field (1 dim). Wave Packets. Magnetic moment of the atom. Atoms in external magnetic fields:. scanning tunnel microscope.Pauli’s exclusion principle.
Laser Tracking . their properties and classification. β-decay: energy spectra and neutrino hypothesis. absorption of solar radiation. wind. Baryons). Laser in Medicine. Global warming. Laser Cutting. Aerosols. Industrial Uses: (Tracing. Applications of Nuclear Interactions:.Basic properties of nuclei: (i) Mass. Kluwer Academic Pub. Properties of Lasers. Unit V: Particle Physics (Number of Lectures = 5) Elementary particles. Search for New Elements. Arthur Beiser. Mining and Oil. Sterlization. Laser Applications (qualitative only): Information storage. Atmospheric Ozone. Nuclear cross section. Principle of three-level and four-level lasers. K.Unit III: Lasers (Number of Lectures = 6) Principle of Lasers. Rutherford backscattering. (iii) Charge. Crime Detection. Nuclear Reactions (Direct and Compound nucleus formation). Food preservation). Electric and Magnetic Moments. S. 2. Idea of Standard Model. LIDAR. Optical pumping and population inversion. Unit IV: Nuclear Physics (Number of Lectures = 15) Structure of nuclei:. Reaction rate. Binding Energy. 3. Art. . (ii) Size (radii). (iv) Spin. A. Bar Code Scanner. Lokanathan. Tropospheric ozone. Affiliated East-West Press. Ozone depletion problem. α-decay: Geiger-Nuttal law. Mehta. Application of principle of Nuclear Fusion in Tokamak. Unit VI: Atmospheric Physics (Number of Lectures = 10) General structure of atmosphere-Hydrostatic and diffusive equilibrium. Exact conservation laws and Symmetry (qualitative only). Quantum Mechanics. Leptons and Hadrons (Mesons. Introduction to Modern Physics.(brief explanation) Application of Nuclear Science in Medicine. Fundamental interactions. H.(v) Stable and Unstable Nuclei. Spontaneous and induced emission. Quarks: Color and Flavour. Stability in the different layers of atmosphere. Approximate conservation laws (qualitative only). Particle Induced X-ray emission. Archeology. Ozone loss. Q value. McGraw-Hill. Ghatak and S. Accelerator Mass Spectrometry. Working of He-Ne Gas laser with rate equations. relative humidity. Vertical variation of physical parameters like temperature. Inc. Concepts of Modern Physics. γ-decay: Nuclear Isomerism and Internal conversion. sources and classification of aerosols Suggested books for reference: 1. Material Modification. Mani and G. Einstein’s A and B coefficients. 5th Edition. Gauging. Laser welding and Hole Drilling.
For Applications of Lasers: A. Charles Kittel.T. For applications of Nuclear Science: S. 3 Concepts in Space Science. Third edition. Ghatak and K. PrenticeHall of India 7 Introduction to Solid State Physics. Tata McGraw-Hill 8. Thyagarajan. Tata McGraw-Hill 6 Principle of fundamental electronics. Fiber Optics and Lasers. Macmillan India. Industrial and analytical applications of Nuclear Physics: J. John Wiley & Sons .7). Nuclear Physics Principles and Applications. 13. Gautreau & William. Physics for Scientists and Engineers. Springer 5 Integrated electronics. Thomson Brooks/ Cole. Houghton (Cambridge University Press) Additional References 1 Modern Physics Kenneth Krane. Ryder. StephenThornton. 2 Modern Physics for scientists and Engineers. Brooks/Cole (Cengage). 2006 7. The Physics of Atmosphere: John T.4. John Wiley. John D. Lilley. Franis F. 5. Schaum outline series. R. Chen. Daniel.. Millman Halkias. (Art. Rex.R. 9) John Wiley & Sons Ltd. University Press 4 Introduction to plasma physics and controlled fusion. (Chapter 8. Thornton & A. 6. SBN-10: 0534417817. Theory & problems of Modern Phys.
4 Project 1. 5. 303. 6. To determine e/m of electron by Bar Magnet or by Magnetic Focusing. The topic of the project can be from Physics.3. 2. etc. or Computers. To draw the BH curve of iron by using a Solenoid and to determine the energy loss due to Hysteresis. xylene. 3. Electronics. 2. To determine the Hall Coefficient and the Hall angle of a Semiconductor. 3. Study of diode as clipping and clamping device. L and π filters. The students should do one Project of 20 Marks. To study Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation. Each student is required to perform 10 practicals by taking at least 3 practicals from each of the units 303. To design a CE Amplifier of a given gain (mid-gain) using voltage divider bias. 2.PH 303 PHYSICS LABORATORY-III (Physical Sciences / Applied Physical Sciences) 303. 303. Computer software or hardware can be used for the project. Study of UJT characteristics and relaxation oscillator. 5. To study the PE Hysteresis loop of a Ferroelectric Crystal.1 General 1. Each college should set up at least 14 practicals from the above list.2 Optics 1. 8. To study (i) Half-wave Rectifier and (ii) Full-wave Bridge Rectifier and investigate the effect of C. To determine the Wavelength and the Velocity of Ultrasonic Waves in a liquid (kerosene oil. 4. Note 1. 3. To determine the Specific Rotation of cane sugar using Polarimeter. The students should be encouraged to do electronics practicals by using Breadboard or software like PSpice wherever possible. .π network conversion. To determine the wavelengths of Hydrogen spectrum and hence to determine the value of Rydberg’s Constant. 4. 3. To analyze Elliptically Polarized Light.1 to 303. Study of FET characteristics. To study the Resistivity of a Ge Crystal with temperature by Four-Probe Method and hence to determine the Band Gap Eg for it.) by studying the Diffraction of light through an Ultrasonic Grating.3 Electronics 1. To determine the Wavelength and the Angular Spread of a He-Ne laser. 7. 303. T. 3. To design an Oscillator of given specifications using transistors. 4. 2. 6. 2.
Electronics.Suggested books for references: 1. Worsnop and Flint: Advanced Practical Physics 3. Tata McGraw Hill. A. Malvino. 2. 4. Nelson and Jon Ogborn. Basic Electronics (A Text-Lab Manual). Zbar and Albert B. . Paul B. P. Malvino. Practical Physics.
Jahn-Teller distortion. Na3[Co(NO2)6]. EAN rule as applied to carbonyls. Square planar coordination. Co. lanthanide contraction. bonding and properties of mononuclear and polynuclear carbonyls of 3d metals. Crystal field effects for weak and strong fields. magnetic and catalytic properties. For synergic effect refer to ir frequencies. sodium nitroprusside. Drawbacks of VBT. (MO diagram of CO can be referred to. A study of the following compounds (including preparation and important properties). separation of lanthanoides (ion-exchange method only).) . magnetic properties. colour. colour. Spectrochemical series. Fe and Cu. л and multicentre bonds). K3[Fe(CN)6]. IUPAC system of Nomenclature. Structural and stereoisomerism in complexes with coordination numbers 4 and 6. Tetrahedral symmetry. Crystal field stabilization energy (CFSE). Factors affecting the magnitude of ∆. Chemistry of 3d metals Oxidation states displayed by Cr. Synergic effects (VB approach). Unit II. Preparation. K4[Fe(CN)6]. Ni and Co. Comparison of CFSE for Oh and Td complexes. KMnO4. Organometallic Compounds Definition and classification with appropriate examples based on nature of metal-carbon bond (ionic. Octahedral symmetry. Structures of methyl lithium. Oxidation states. K2Cr2O7. structure.CH 301 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (2 Lectures per week) Unit I. Peroxo compounds of Cr. Co. ability to form complexes and stability of various oxidation states (Latimer diagrams) for Mn. Fe. Zeiss salt and ferrocene. Fe. Coordination Chemistry Valency Bond Theory (VBT): Inner and outer orbital complexes of Cr. Ni and Cu (coordination numbers 4 and 6). [Co(NH3)6]Cl3. variable valency. Crystal Field Theory Crystal field effect. л – acceptor behaviour of carbon monoxide. Unit III. Lanthanoides and actinoides: Electronic configurations. Tetragonal distortion of octahedral geometry. σ. Transition Elements and Coordination Chemistry Transition Elements (3d series) General group trends with special reference to electronic configuration.
secondary. Application of visible. Determination of primary structure of peptides by degradation. Synthetic elastomers – buna S. peptides and proteins: Natural amino acids and essential amino acids. classification and nomenclature of carbohydrates. electronic transitions. Importance. Spectroscopy and its Applications to Simple Organic Molecules Introduction to spectroscopy. Unit III. Synthesis of simple amino acids by amination of haloacids. Different types of processes for polymerization and their mechanisms (ionic.CH 302 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (2 Lectures per week) Unit I. . butyl rubber and polyurethane. Synthesis of peptides by N-protecting groups. free radical and Ziegler-Natta catalyst).. furan. starch and cellulose. ultraviolet and infrared spectroscopy in organic chemistry. Structure (excluding structure elucidation) of sucrose. Development of biodegradable polymers viz. structure (excluding structure elucidation). Polymers Definition of monomers and polymers. Bakelite. Unit V. Interconversions between aldoses and ketoses.. Configuration of natural amino acids and their properties. urea and melamineformaldehyde resins. Determination of configuration of monosaccharides. Carbohydrates Carbohydrates: Definition. Ascending and descending in monosaccharides series. nylons. synthesis and uses of nicotine. polyesters. Electromagnetic radiations. pyrrole. Amino acids. Unit II. N-terminal (Edman and DNP method). Gabriel phthalimide synthesis. (t-butyloxycarbonyl and phthaloyl) C-activating groups. polylactic acid and polyhydroxybutyric acid. Natural rubber (isolation. Merrifield solid-phase synthesis. auxochrome. Polynuclear and Hetronuclear Aromatic Compounds: Preparation and properties of the following compounds: naphthalene (including structure elucidation). Structure elucidation of glucose and fructose (open chain and cyclic structure). Alkaloids Alkaloids: Definition. Unit VI. anthracene. Synthesis of simple peptides (upto tripeptides). polyvinyl chloride. structure and vulcanization). Preparation and uses of some polymers viz. primary. thiophene and pyridine. Classification of polymers. tertiary and quaternary structures (definition only) of proteins. Unit IV. Polynuclear and heteronuclear aromatic compounds Criterion of Aromaticity: Huckel’s rule and its application to homonuclear and hetronuclear compounds. C-terminal (hydrazinolysis) and hydrolysis of peptides. chromophore. λmax. using malonic ester and Erlenmeyer azlactone synthesis. peptides and proteins Amino acids. Mutarotation. Teflon.
alkenes and simple alcohols (intermolecular and intramolecular hydrogen bonding). . Application of electronic spectroscopy and Woodward rules for calculating λmax of conjugated dienes and α. ketones. IR spectra of alkanes.bathochromic and hypsochromic shifts. β – unsaturated carbonyl compounds. Functional groups and finger-print region. Infrared radiations (IR) and types of molecular vibrations. carboxylic acids and their derivatives (effect of substitution on >C=O stretching absorptions). aldehydes.
crystal systems. Kinetics of enzyme catalyzed reactions – Michaelis-Menten equation. Photochemical and thermal reactions. Width and intensity of spectral lines. Half – life time of a reaction.g. catalyst and other factors on reaction rates. Extension of the solution to two. Fluorescence and Phosphorescence. Theories of Reaction Rates: Collision theory and Activated complex theory of bimolecular reactions. Photoelectric cells. Derivation of integrated rate equations for zero. Concept of activation energy and its calculation from Arrhenius equation. Types of crystals – molecular. Quantum-mechanical operators. . Writing of time-indepenent Schrödinger equation for different systems (exactly soluble problems e. Quantization of the translational energy levels. General methods for determination of order of a reaction. Photochemistry: Lambert – Beer law. Spectroscopy and its importance in Chemistry. Unit II. Quantum efficiency and reasons for high and low quantum yields. Unit III. ionic. first and second order (both for equal and unequal concentrations of reactants) reactions. Laws of Crystallography . Defects in crystals. X – Ray diffraction by crystals. Primary and secondary processes in photochemical reactions. parallel reactions and opposite reactions (with examples) and their differential rate equations only. rigid rotator and hydrogen atom).Law of constancy of interfacial angles. pressure.and three-dimensional boxes. vibrational and electronic components. Born – Oppenheimer approximation. Absorption and emission spectroscopy. Laws of photochemistry. Separation of molecular energies into translational. unit cells. Order and molecularity of a reaction. Miller indices. Chemical Kinetics and Photochemistry Chemical Kinetics: The concept of reaction rates. Complex reaction such as consecutive reactions. Law of rational indices and Law of symmetries. Comparison of the two theories (qualitative treatment only). covalent and metallic crystals with examples and their characteristics. properties of the solutions. particle in a box.CH 303 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (2 Lectures per week) Unit I. Bravais lattice types. Structures of NaCl and CsCl (qualitative treatment only). Separation of variables. Concept of degeneracy. Bragg’s law. Effect of temperature. linear harmonic oscillator. Quantum Chemistry and Molecular Spectroscopy Postulates of quantum mechanics. Concept of orthogonal and normalised wave functions. rotational. difference between atomic and molecular spectroscopy. Solids Forms of solids. Translational Motion: Solution of particle in a one-dimensional box. Glasses and liquid crystals. and identification of lattice planes.
Unit IV. Selection rules. Polymers Different schemes of classification of polymers. Quantization of rotational energy levels. Langmuir theory of adsorption of a gas on a solid. Selection rules.Rotational Motion: Schrödinger equation of a rigid rotator and brief discussion of its results (solution not required). IR spectra of diatomic molecules. Quantization of vibrational energy levels. Number average and mass average molar masses. Vibrational Motion: Schrödinger equation of a linear harmonic oscillator and brief discussion of its results (solution not required). Structural information derived from vibrational spectra. Microwave (pure rotational) spectra of diatomic molecules. Surface Chemistry and Polymers Surface Chemistry Adsorption by solids. BET equation (derivation not required). Types of adsorption isotherms. BET theory of multilayer adsorption of a gas on a solid. Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Molar mass of polymers. . Methods of determining molar mass by osmotic pressure and viscosity measurements. Structural information derived from rotational spectra.
This experiment may be carried out using a spectrophotometer subject to availability.5x10-3 – 1. Preparation of the following compounds : acetanilide. 12. Determination of concentration of Na+ and K+ using Flame Photometry. The duration of the examination shall be 6 hours. Verify Lambert-Beer Law for CuSO4/KMnO4/ K2Cr2O7 solutions and determine their concentrations in the given solutions colorimertrically. Determine the concentrations of KMnO4 and K2Cr2O7 in a given mixture colorimetrically (Range 0.salicylic acid complex / Fe2+ . The exercises should be designed.0x10-3 M). 5. Study of the kinetics of the hydrolysis of methyl acetate in presence of hydrochloric acid using (i) initial rate method and (ii) integrated rate method. 2. aspirin. Estimation of (i) Mg2+ or (ii) Zn2+ by complexometric titrations using EDTA.phenanthroline complex in solution by Job’s method. phenolphthalein and methyl orange. Different students should be given different exercises. 13. 11. 14. organic and inorganic chemistry experiments. 8. 6. Estimation of the amount of nickel present in a given solution as Bis(dimethylglyoximato) nickel(II) or aluminium as oxinate in a given solution gravimetrically. Suggested Readings: . 3. of periods per week – 6 Note: Practical examination will include three exercises – one each out of the following physical. concentration) for various concentrations of a given coloured compound and estimate the concentration of the same in a given solution. (b) Determination of equilibrium constant for the reaction KI + I2 = KI3 by studying the distribution of iodine between carbon tetrachloride and an aqueous solution of potassium iodide. keeping in mind the time available. Determination of molar mass of a given polymer sample by viscosity measurement. Determination of partition coefficient of benzoic acid between water and benzene. Note : Preparation should be followed by purification and determination of melting point Inorganic Chemistry 9. Estimation of total hardness of a given sample of water by complexometric titration. (a) Determination of partition coefficient of iodine between water and carbon tetrachloride. Systematic identification of the given monofunctional organic compounds and preparation of their derivatives. 4. To draw calibration curve (absorbance at λmax vs. Physical Chemistry 1.CH 304 CHEMISTRY LABORATORY No. Determination of the composition of the Fe3+ . Organic Chemistry 7. 10.
Donald A. Oxford University Press.Cotton & G. 8. I & II).Silverstein. G. 10. Prentice Hall.M. John R. 3. G. Ellen Keiter and Richard Keitner.B. Prentice Hall. McDaniel and Alexander : Concepts and Models in Inorganic Chemistry. 13. E. 6. Tata McGraw Hill. Wilkinson : Basic Inorganic Chemistry.Bassier and T. Huheey.A.L.W.N. Narosa Publishing House. I.L.J.Boyd : Organic Chemistry. F. John Wiley and Sons.D. 12.Castellan: Physical Chemistry. C.Morrison & R.C. Peter Sykes : A Guide Book to Reaction Mechanism in Organic Chemistry.Dyer : Applications of Absorption Spectroscopy of Organic Compounds. 2.N. . Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy.L.C.W.S. 14. 7.Atkins : Physical Chemistry. R. John Wiley. Pearson Publication 9. Wiley Interscience.B.Banwell.Finar. E. George Odian: Principles of Polymerization. Orient Longman. McQuarrie: Quantum Chemistry. P. 1. R.Lee : A New Concise Inorganic Chemistry. Douglas.S. Organic Chemistry (Vols. Oxford University Press.T. Inorganic Chemistry : Principles of Structure and Reactivity. 5. John Wiley. James E. 4. 11.Morrill: Spectroscopic Identification of Organic Compounds.
citric acid cycle. • Raven. growth and development Structural organization. P. San Francisco. primary and secondary growth. ( Ch 35 Campbell. Taiz and Zeiger) ( Ch 7.LS 301 DEVELOPMENT BIOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY: PLANTS Unit I Plant structure. uptake and assimilation of nitrogen. transpiration and translocation ( Ch 36 Campbell) Unit III Plant nutrition Essential elements. plant defence against herbivores and pathogens ( Ch 39 Campbell) Readings: • Campbell.9 Unit V Assimilation of mineral nutrients Nitrogen compounds utilized by plants. and Reece. role of mycorrhiza ( Ch 37 Campbell) Unit IV Photosynthesis Calvin cycle. biological nitrogen fixation.Biology of plants) Unit II Transport in vascular plants Physical processes of transport.A. B. respiration in intact plants and tissues and Zeiger) ( Ch 11 Taiz Unit VII. 8. L. J. leaf initiation and development. photosynthetic responses. criteria of essentiality. plant hormone responses to light and other stimuli.Plants responses to internal and external signals Signal transduction pathways. Freeman Publishers • Taiz. USA . C4. assimilation of other nutrients ( Ch 12 Taiz and Zeiger) Unit VI Respiration Glycolysis. Electron transport. (2008) Biology 8th edition Pearson Benjamin Cummings. and CAM pathways of carbon fixation.H. Ch 25 Raven. main nutrients and their role.H et al (2005) Biology of plants 7th edition W. C3. meristems and their derivatives. (2006) Plant Physiology 4th edition Sinnauer Associates. N. absorption. and Zeiger. plant nutritional adaptations. morphogenesis and differentiation. E.
(2006) Developmental Biology 8th edition Sinauer Associates Inc. cardiovascular patterns in health and disease. action potential and synapsis. cardiac cycle. B. Water balance and counter current mechanism.B. Boston • Gilbert. behavior and development. genetic core of development [ Ch 1. heartbeat coordination. molecular mechanism of contraction. and Reece. Hormonal regulation of kidney function ( Ch 13 Vander. principles of experimental embryology. control of respiration. Ch 4 Gilbert] Unit II Animal development Gametogenesis. ventilation. USA . S. cleavage. contraception. Ch 9 Sec A Vander) Unit V Respiratory and renal physiology Organization of respiratory system. ( Ch 12 Sec A.3 (Pg 50-62. the heart. infertility ( Ch 45. Ch 10 ( pg 302-308) Gilbert] Unit III Digestion and absorption of food Structure and functions of gastrointestinal tract. regulation of gastrointestinal processes.C. membrane potential.F. role of endocrine glands in regulating metabolism.2. principle of exchange of gases and transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide in blood..A. San Francisco. fertilization. common features of the endocrine system. homeostasis. life cycles and evolution of developmental patterns. Ch 44 Campbell) Unit VI Cardiovascular physiology Overall design of cardiovascular system. Functional anatomy of kidney. 66-77).structure. E.P. N. skeletal muscle. pathophysiology of GIT ( Ch 15 Vander) Unit IV Functioning of excitable tissue ( nerve and muscle) Neural tissue.et al (2004) Vander’s Human Physiology 9th edition McGraw Hill Intl. E Vander) Unit VII Endocrine system and reproduction Hormones and other signaling molecules. J. 46 Campbell) Readings: • Campbell. ( Ch 6 Sec A. (2008 ) Biology 8th edition Pearson Benjamin Cummings. gastrulation. primary embryonic induction( amphibians) [ Ch 47 Campbell. cell fate. • Widmaier. Physiology of human male and female reproduction.LS-302 DEVELOPMENT BIOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY: ANIMALS Unit I Principles of developmental biology Anatomical approach to developmental biology. B.
age ratio.organization and succession in different habitats. zoogeography: Barriers for dispersal. 29 Smith. New Delhi Allaby. concept of habitat and niche. ( Part 23. environmental pollution. phytogeographic region of the world. Ch 4. Principles of wildlife management. zoogeographic regions of the world.16 Miller) Recommended readings • • • • Mishra. host-parasite interactions. Community and Ecosystem Inter-relationships between the living world and environment. T. Ch 27. A.C. (2006) Elements of Ecology Ist edn Pearson Publications Miller. biosphere and its components (abiotic and biotic). 21. M. 22 Smith. (2002) Basics of Environmental Science Routledge Smith. Bioenergetics and biogeochemical cycles.LS 303 ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Unit I Introduction to Ecology. population interactions. 8. sex ratio. Environmental concepts ( theory of tolerance. Community characteristics. dispersal and dispersion of population. germplasm banks.M. parks and biosphere reserves in India. vegetation of India. laws of limiting factors). Ch 6 Allaby. symbiosis. (2005) Environmental Studies Selective and Scientific Books. G. R. 9 Miller) Unit V Environmental Issues. means of dispersal. predationtypes. restoration of degraded ecosystems.24.7 Miller) Unit III Biogeography Phytogeography.25 Smith) Unit IV Bioresource management Biodiversity and regional conservation strategies success stories with reference to India and sustainable utilization.15. predator-prey system.T (2006) Environmental Science 11th edition Brooks/Cole . functional and numerical response. Ch 20. Ch 11. density. endangered and threatened species of plants and animals in India. life history strategies. mortality.(Part 4 and 5 Smith. global climatic change ( Unit 8 Mishra. major plant communities of the world. Ch 3 Miller) Unit II Population and Community Ecology Population attributes.( Ch 4 Allaby. Environmental Impact Assessment. natality. bioremediation. wildlife sanctuaries. ( Unit 4 Mishra. Ch 6. exponential and logistic growth. Policies and regulation Impact of urbanization and industrialization. social parasitism. and Smith.
Amoebiasis. treating genetic disorders by gene therapy. bioinformatics sites. sequence analysis. Neurospora crassa.J. Sachharomyces cerevisiae.research. genes and crop biotechnology 2nd edition Jones and Bartlett publishers. 19. 5. PCR. Mus musculus ( A brief guide. ASM press. biopolymers. Caenorhabditis elegans.J. transformation protocols in prokaryotes.F et al (2005) Introduction to Genetic Analysis W. cloning vectors. Washington • Chrispeels. ( Ch 15 Walker. Filariasis. NY. structural. A. DNA sequencing ( Ch 4. (Ch 1 Glick) Unit V Recombinant DNA technology Restriction endonucleases. transgenic crops. concerns and consequences. diagnosis of genetic disorders.Tuberculosis.H. nucleic acid hybridization. D. food-borne diseases. DNA fingerprinting. Appendix.R and Pasternak. 29 Pelczar) Unit IV Introduction to Biotechnology Fundamentals of biotechnology. J.plasmids. construction and screening of genomic library. Malaria. plants as bioreactors. development of disease resistant and stress tolerant plants. Crop evolution and new tools to improve crops. organic acids.Escherichia coli. genetic databases.J and Sadava. Arabidopsis thaliana. Glick) Unit VI Concept of Genomics Bacterial and eukaryotic genomes. phylogenetic trees. sequencing genomes.E( 2003 ) Plants. 21 Glick) Unit VIII Bioinformatics Introduction. B. functional and comparative genomics (Ch 12 Griffiths) Unit VII Applications of recombinant DNA technology Genetic engineering of plants. 5 Park) Unit II Plant resource utilization and development Crop production. K (2007) Preventive and social medicine B. bacteriophages. transgenic animals. et al (2001) Microbiology 5th edition Tata McGraw-Hill Co.Griffiths) Unit IX Study of model organisms Special features and main contributions of model organisms of prokaryotes and different eukaryotes for research studies.J (2003) Molecular Biotechnology.antibiotics. prevention and control of human diseases. Delhi • Park. Japanese encephalitis. ( Ch3. 18. M.New. transmission.LS 304 APPLIED BIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY Unit I Human diseases Epidimeology of infectious disease.B publishers • Griffiths.13 Chrispeels) Unit III Food and industrial microbiology Microbiology of fermented food. regulating the use of biotechnology ( Ch 17. introduction to recombinant DNA technology. M. . amino acids. pharmaceuticals.Principles and applications of recombinant DNA. Boston • Pelczar. Freeman & Co. cosmids. Drosophila melanogaster. Dengue. development. productivity and sustainability. edible vaccines. Major products of industrial microbiology. emergence and commercialization.Griffiths) Readings: • Glick. (Ch 28. ( Ch 2.
Preparation of transverse sections of maize/grass root stem and sunflower stem (primary and secondary growth). 13. Comparison of the rate of respiration in different parts of a plant. Effect of auxins on rooting. cleavage stages. Study of plant structures: Preparation of temporary mount of T. 8.S. 2. Detection of abnormal constituents in urine. primitive streak. 3.LS 305 LAB Developmental Biology and Physiology: Plants 1. Demonstration of dye reduction by isolasted chloroplasts under different light intensities. A visit to Poultry farm/Hatchery/Tissue culture laboratory/Animal breeding centers. Inducing fruit ripening by ethylene. 48. Demonstration Experiments 1. 5. 8. stems and leaves. Determination of RBC count using haemocytometer. of monocot and dicot roots. 3. apical meristem and tissue. Preparation of transverse sections of monocot and dicot leaves. Measurement of blood pressure using a sphygmomanometer. Study of developmental stages in frog-whole mounts and sections. catalase) from various plant sources. 11. 2. 12. Development Biology and Physiology: Animals 1. 10. 4. 9. 7. 4. Epidermal peel showing stomata in Bryophyllum. blastula. 24. 6. gastrula. Study of whole mounts and sections of chick embryo at different stages. Determination of osmotic potential of plant cell sap by plasmolytic method. 72 and 96 hours. Demonstration of perfusion of the excised heart of frog. Temporary mounts of striated muscle fibres and nerve cells. Estimation of haemoglobin content in blood using haemoglobinometer. 28. Study of the effect of two environmental factors (light and wind) on transpiration by an excised twig/leaf. cholesterol by kits. Phenomenon of bolting. Secondary growth. 5. 33. Apical meristems (permanent slides/photograph). 10. 11. 14. To perform clinical estimations of glucose. Demonstration of the activity of enzymes (urease. 3. 7. neurula. Effect of pH on opening and closing of stomata. 2. Calculation of stomatal index and stomatal frequency of a mesophyte and a xerophyte. Determination of total and differential WBC count. 6. Crinum and maize. . 9. Study of the ‘Law of Limiting factors’ (light intensity and bicarbonate concentration) using Hydrilla. Preparation of transverse section of maize/grass root and gram/ sunflower root.xylem and phloem through permanent slides. tail bud tadpole.
fishes. 3. 3. Botany 1. Study of the ecological significance of phytoplankton. Transformation of E. Gurgaon. sulphates. To perform western blotting of proteins from SDS-polyacrylamide gel. 4. temperature and turbidity/penetration of light. . Study of a few endangered reptiles. To perform southern blotting of DNA fragments from agarose gel. 5. genome and organism specific databases and perform multiple sequence alignment 7. 2. Nucleic acid data base. wind velocity. 4. 5. To perform DNA ligation using T4 DNA ligase. Study of following microclimatic variables in different locations: soil and air temperature. Applied Biology and Biotechnology Zoology 1. relative humidity and light intensity. field capacity. reptiles. Construction of restriction map of plasmid from the data provided.LS 306 LAB Ecology and environment management Part-I (Botany) 1.coli and screening for recombinant clones. 3. Study of protozoan. helminth parasites and arthropod vectors associated with human diseases. A visit to National park/ Wildlife sanctuary/Waste management organization/ Mahatma Gandhi Institute for non-conventional energy sources (Bakoli village. To study applications of various recombinant DNA techniques by photographs. 3. Demonstration of DNA sequencing and interpretation of sequencing gels (autoradiogram) 6. aves and mammals (2 representatives from each group). rapid test for soil texture. 8. 2. quantitative analysis of herbaceous vegetation for frequency and density. 2. and Sulabh International). birds and mammals of India. Study of ecological adaptations of hydrophytes and xerophytes. Useful bioinformatics sites on internet for gene and protein databases. dissolved oxygen content (Winkler’s method) and dissolved carbon dioxide. Study of an aquatic ecosystem-Measurement of total area. organic matter and base deficiency. Study of tissue culture techniques. 7. Rapid field test of soils for carbonates. Determination of pH. 2. amphibians. Analysis of DNA Fingerprint. 5. Study of Polymerase Chain Reaction. 6. locality. determination of pH. nitrates. 4. zooplankton. Determination of minimal quadrate area by species area curve method. Part-II (Zoology) 1. chlorides. Study of biotic community with specials reference to plankton. Plotting of survivorship curves from hypothetical life table data. Restriction digestion of DNA using EcoRI and Hind III.Homology search (Using 16srRNA gene sequence) 8. Construction of phylogenetic trees. density and porosity of different soil samples. 5. Genetic transformation of plants with Agrobacterium. 4.
positive term series. suprema and infima. Unit III: Calculus of several variables (42 L) 28 Limit and continuity for real valued functions on R². Cauchy convergence criterion for sequences. sin(x). sequences and series of functions. Young’s Theorem. geometric series. Leibnitz’s test. order preservation and squeeze theorem. examples of countable and uncountable sets. Unit II: Infinite Series (42 L) 48 Infinite series. term-by-term differentiation and integration of power series. Concepts of cluster points and statement of Bolzano Weierstrass’ theorem. Power Series: radius of convergence. Archimedean property of R. comparison test. Taylor’s theorem for functions of two variables(without proof). Mn-test. Root test. Schwarz theorem. bounded sets. Real line.MA 301 REAL ANALYSIS Unit I: Real Sequences (30 L) 36 Finite and infinite sets. Definition and examples of absolute and conditional convergence. Maxima and Minima of functions of two variables. convergence of p-series. M-test. Cauchy’s theorem on limits(without proof). monotone sequences and their convergence. alternating series. Pointwise and uniform convergence. cos(x). statement of order completeness property of R. Cauchy-Hadamard theorem(without proof). Ratio test. change of order of limits. Definition in terms of Power series and their properties of exp(x). directional derivatives and gradients for these functions. differentiability of real valued functions on R². Cauchy convergence criterion for series. intervals. .
Recommended Books 1. T.M. Apostol, Calculus, Voulme-1, John Wiley and Sons(Asia) pte Ltd.,2002. 2. R.G. Bartle and D.R. Sherbut; Introduction to real analysis, John Wiley and Sons(Asia) Pte.Ltd.2000. 3. E.Fischer, Intermedial Real Analysis, Springer Verlag, 1983 4. K.A.Ross, Elementary Analysis – The Theory of Calculus Series-Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics, Springer Verlag, 2003. 5. Robert T.Smith, Roland B. Minton, Calculus, McGraw Hill International, Edition, 2006, 6. Robert C. Wrede, Murray Spiegel, Advanced Calculus, Second Edition, Schaum’s series, Tata McGraw Hill, 2005.
MA 302 ANALYSIS, ALGEBRA AND MECHANICS
Unit I: Analysis (30 L) 35 Marks
Riemann Integral , conditions of intergrability, Integrability of Continuous and monotonic functions. Improper integrals, Convergence of Improper integrals, Absolute and conditional convergence of improper Integrals. Beta, Gamma functions and their properties. Double integrals, repeated integrals, line integrals in R², Statement and illustration of Green’s theorem. Unit II: Linear Algebra (30 L) 35 Marks
Rings: Definition and examples of rings, examples of commutative and non-commutative rings: rings from number systems, Zn the ring of integers modulo n, ring of real quaternions, rings of matrices, polynomial rings, and rings of continuous functions. Subrings and ideals, Integral domains and fields, examples of fields: Zp, Q, R, and C. Field of rational functions. Vector Spaces: Definition and examples of vector spaces. Subspaces and its properties Linear independence, basis, invariance of basis, size, dimension of a vector space. Linear Transformations on real and complex vector Spaces: definition, examples, kernel, range, rank, nullity. Unit III: Mechanics (30 L) 42 Marks
Conditions of equilibrium of a particle and of coplanar forces acting on a rigid Body, Laws of friction, Problems of equilibrium under forces including friction, Centre of gravity, Work and potential energy. Velocity and acceleration of a particle along a curve: radial and transverse components (Plane curve), tangential and normal components (space curve). Newton’s Laws of motion, Simple harmonic motion, Simple Pendulum, Projectile Motion.
Recommended Books Unit I
1. Frank Ayres, J. Elliott Mendelson, Calculus, fourth Edition, Schaum series, Tata McGraw Hill, 2005. 2. R.G. Bartle and D.R. Sherbut; Introduction to real analysis, John Wiley and Sons(Asia) Pte.Ltd.2000. 3. E.Fischer, Intermedial Real Analysis, Springer Verlag, 1983 4. K.A.Ross, Elementary Analysis – The Theory of Calculus Series-Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics, Springer Verlag, 2003. Unit II 1. C.W.Curtis, Linear Algebra, an introductory approach, Springer-Verlag , 1991. 2. David M. Blotin, Linear Algebra and Geometry, Cambridge Press, 1979. 3. Seymour Lipschutz, Linear Algebra, Schauss series, Tata McGraw Hill, 1989 Unit III 1. A.S. Ramsey, Statics, CBS Publishers and Distributors (Indian Reprint), 1998. 2. A.P. Roberts, Statics and Dynamics with background in Mathematics, Cambridge University Press, 2003. 3. J.L. Synge and B.A. Griffiths, Principles of Mechanics, McGraw Hill, 1970.
MP 301 MATHEMATICS – II
Unit I: Infinite Series (24 L) 28
Convergent Sequences. Statement and illustration of Cauchy convergence criterion for sequences. Cauchy’s theorem on limits(without proof), monotone sequences and their convergence. Definition and a necessary condition for convergence of an infinite series. Cauchy convergence criterion for series, positive term series, geometric series, comparison test, limit comparison test, convergence of p-series, Root test, Ratio test, alternating series, Leibnitz’s test. Definition and examples of absolute and conditional convergence. Unit II: Differential Equations (38 L) 44
First order exact differential equations, Intergrating factors, rules to fine an integrating factor. First order higher degree equations solvable for x, y, p = dy/dx. Methods for solving higher-order differential equations. Solving a differential equation by reducing its order. Linear homogenous equations with constant coefficients. Linear non-homogenous equations. The method of variation of parameters. The Cauchy-Euler equation. Simultaneous differential equations. Applications of differential equations: the vibrations of a mass on a spring, mixture problem, free damped motion, forced motion, resonance phenomena, electric circuit problem, mechanics of simultaneous differential equations. Order and degree of partial differential equations. Concept of linear and non-linear partial differential equations. Formation of first order partial differential equations. Linear partial differential equation of first order, Lagrange’s method, Charpit’s method (without proof), classification of second order partial differential equations into elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic through illustrations only.
Unit IV: Algebra (34 L)
Real or complex Matrices, eigen values & eigen vectors, Cayley Hamilton theorem. Methods of finding inverse of a non singular matrix. Groups : Definition and examples of groups, examples of abelian and non-abelian groups: the group Zn of integers under addition modulo n and the group U (n) of units under multiplication modulo n. Cyclic groups examples of groups from number systems, complex roots of unity, circle group, the general linear group GLn (n. R), groups of symmetries of (i) an isosceles
Pearson Education. Seymour Lipsdchutz. Partial Differential Equations. D. B. Ross.) . order of HK where H and K are subgroups. 1989. 5. 1984. Narosa. Intermedial Real Analysis. Normal subgroups: The definition. and (iv) a square. J. 1999.Fischer. Zechmenn. Differential Equations. 2003. R. Statement and Interpretation of Euler and Fermat’s theorem. examples. Lagrange’s theorem. 1967 (For papers other than those mentioned above. Subgroups. John wiley and Sons. (iii) a rectangle. 7. S. Kolman. Springer Verlag. E. 8. and characterizations. 6. (ii) an equilateral triangle. Index of a subgroup. Recommended Readings 1. order of an element. Paul Duchateau. groups of transformations in a plane. Tata McGraw Hill. McGraw Hill International Editions. L. the permutation group Sym (n). Schaum Series. fourth edition. Hill. I. Modern Algebra and introduction. Wiley Student Edition. Linear Algebra. Third Edition.triangle. Group of quaternions. 1983 4. 2005. Sneddon. 2005. 2. Introductory Linear Algebra with applications. Tata McGraw Hill. the syllabus remains unchanged. Joseph A Gallian: Contemporary Abstract Algebra. 3. David W. Durbin. examples of subgroups including the center of a group Cosets. cyclic subgroups. Elements of Partial Differential Equations.
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