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Published by: Noji Nojima on Sep 30, 2010
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Alison Nojima ELEN 50

André-Marie Ampère (1775-1836) was born to a well educated family in Lyon, France. At a young age he took interest in the field of mathematics and was tutored in Latin by his father. The French Revolution had a devastating affect on Ampere as his father was beheaded for his position as a judicial officer. Ampere was unable to continue his studies for a while, until he met the young and beautiful Julie Carron who he fell in love with. The two married and had a child, however, his wife fell ill shortly after. Ampere was put in a difficult situation – he was offered a position at Bourg and had to leave his family in Lyon. Though it was a rough time, Ampere completed Mathematical Theory

of Games, an account of probabilities involved in gambling. This doctrine gained Ampere much public fame and the attention of renowned mathematicians. He was soon offered a position in Lyon in 1804, the same year his wife died. So he moved again, this time to Paris where his reputation earned him a position an Ecole Polytechnique as a mathematics professor. Though he was a mathematics professor he did intensive work in chemistry and physics. He suggested that “anhydrous acid prepared two years earlier was a compound of hydrogen with an unknown element, analogous to chlorine, for which he suggested the name fluorine” (Magnet Lab) and was also offered admission into the National Institute of Sciences in 1814. In addition, during the early 1820’s Ampere “demonstrated that two current-carrying wires aligned in a parallel manner are either attracted or repulsed by one another, depending on whether the currents flowed through them in identical or opposing directions” (Magnet Lab). His most notable piece of work is the Memoir on the Mathematical Theory of Electrodynamic Phenomena, Uniquely Deduced from Experience, which contained a mathematical derivation of the electrodynamic force law and describes four experiments. Ampere was the first to measure electric currents and make a connection between electric field and magnetic current. "André-Marie Ampère." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 23 Sep. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/21416/Andre-Marie-Ampere>. “André-Marie Ampère (1775-1836).” Magnet Lab. 2010. National High Magnetic Field
Laboratory. 23 September 2010. <http://www.magnet.fsu.edu/education/tutorials/pioneers/ampere.html>

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