egkRE;k'kh HksV

“rqEgh

[kjap R;kauk izR;{k HksVykr

MkW- vHk; cax

?”

ek>ka ckyi.k egkRek xka/khaP;k lsokxzke vkJekr xsya gs dGya dh vusd t.k
vqRlqdrsus gk iz'u fopkjrkr- eh dk; vqRrj |koa ? ek>kk tUep eqGh R;kaP;k
e=R;wuarj >kkyk- R;keqGs T;kauh xka/khthauk izR;{k ikfgysya ukgh v'kk lgk vCt
yksdkaiSdh eh gh vsd- i.k eh R;kauk toGikl jkstp HksVrks- rs vkiys vktksck vlkosr
vkf.k R;kapap jDr vkiY;k 'kjhjkr /kkor vlkoa vla eyk tk.kor jkgra- ek>;k izR;sd
d=rhdMs rs vkiY;k fe'kkG fLerklg okRlY;kus i.k vis{ksus c?kr vlrkr- eh pwd orZu
dsya rj dzwlkoj xka/kh p<r vlrks- tsOgk tsOgk xaHkhj fu.kZ;kpk {k.k ek>;k thoukr
;srks rsOgk eh R;kaukp HksVwu fopkjr vlrks] “ckiw] eh vkrk dk; djQ ?”
egkRE;k'kh v'kk >kkysY;k dkgh HksVhaP;k ;k vkBo.kh- vkBo.kh O;fDrxr vkgsrvkf.k lkoZf_kdghx x x x x

2 vkDVkscjyk xka/kh&t;arh d'kh lktjh djkoh ? vkjR;k] f[kjkirh o feBkbZ
okVwu ? i.k ‘xjhckrY;k xjhc ek.klklkscr vsdjQi Ogk’ gk xka/khthapk lans'k vkf.k
‘Lod"Vkus dekoysY;k Hkkdjhojp rqyk vf/kdkj vkgs’ gs R;kapa rRovkJekrhy 'kkGsr xka/kh t;arhyk njh|zukjk;.kk'kh vsdjQi Ogk;pk JeksRlo
pkyk;pk- “vkt fnolHkj vqik'kh jkgwu 'ksrd`;klkj[ka 'ksrkr ifjJe djQu fdaok
pj[;koj lwr dkrwu Lor% dekoysY;k etqjh vso<ap vUu la/;kdkGh vkt vkiY;kyk
feG.kkj-” la/;kdkGi;Zar gkrkauk iQksM vkysys gksrs- ?kkekus fpac vax B.kdr gksraiksVkr Hkqdspk Mksac- i.k etqjh FkksMh fu?kkyh- R;kr fdrh [kk;yk feG.kkj? tsOgk R;k
ygku'kk Hkkdjhus ek>;k HkqdsP;k rkVkpk vsd dksijkgh Hkjyk ukgh rsOgk Hkwd Eg.kts
dk;] dqiks"k.k Eg.kts dk;] etqjkaph etqjh vkf.k 'ksrd`;kP;k Jekpa ewY; fdrh vlk;yk
goa ;k loZ czg@eiz'uka'kh izR;{k HksV >kkyh- oLrqr% ek>;k iq<hy vk;q";kr lektlsok
Eg.kwu T;k iz'ukaoj eh dke dsys R;k iSdh vusdka'kh ek>kh ifgyh HksV xka/kh&t;arhyk
>kkyhÀ;k njhnzh ns'kkr izR;{k ijes'ojkykgh HkkdjhP;k jQikrp n'kZu |koa ykxsy-Á
vla xka/khth Eg.kkysp gksr-s
x x x x x

1

gkiQiV ?kkywu nksu eqya lk;dyus o/kkZ ftYg@;krY;k fiijh xkokdMs tkr gksrslksGk o"kkZapk ek>kk eksBk Hkkvw v'kksd o rsjk o"kkZapk eh- vkEgh nks?ksgh rsOgk lsokxzke
e/ks xka/khthuah lqjQ dsysY;k ‘u;h rkyhe’ i/nrhP;k 'kkGsr f'kdr gksrks- v'kksdus
lk;dy Fkkacoyh- “vkrk vki.k eksBs >kkyks vkgksr- vkiY;k thoukpa dk; djk;pa gs
vki.k Bjok;yk goa” vla rks Eg.kkyk- eh eku Mksykoyh- vkrkP;k Hkk"ksr] ‘dks.kra
djhvj fuoMkoa ?’ ;kcí
y vkEgh ngk fefuV l[kksy ppkZ dsyh- lxG@;kr nq%[kh]
d"Vh] vlgk; [ksM@;krhy yksd gksrs- R;kaP;k iksVkr Hkwd o vaxkoj t[kek o jksx gksrsvkeP;k iSdh vsdkus [ksM@;krhy 'ksrh lq/kkjkoh o nql`;kus vkjksX; lq/kkjkos vls vkeps
Bjys- v'kksd Eg.kkyk & eh 'ksrh lq/kkjrks- R;keqGs vkjksX;kph tckcnkjh ek>;koj
vkyh- iq<s v'kksd d=f"krK >kkyk- fonHkkZrhy dksjMokgw 'ksrd`;kph 'ksrh d'kh lq/kkjrk
;sbZy ;k fo"k;koj rks vk;q";Hkj dke djrks vkgs- injh iMY;kuqlkj eh MkWDVj >kkyksiq<s xMfpjksyhyk vkyks- ‘vkjksX;&LojkT;’ dla fuekZ.k djkoa gkp ek>kk vk;q";Hkjkpk
'kks/k >kkykvkEgh nks?kkauh tsOgk R;k fno'kh fu;rh'kh gk djkj dsyk rsOgk jLR;kP;k R;k
oG.kkoj cktwyk egkRek dkSrqdkus c?kr vqHkk gksrk- dsOgkrjh rks Eg.kkyk gksrk & “eh
rqEgkyk tknwpk rkoht nsrks- ‘dk; fu.kZ; ?ksvw’ vlk iz'u tsOgk iMsy rsOgk thoukr
ikfgysY;k lokZr nq%[kh] fucZy ek.klkpk psgjk MksG@;kleksj vk.kk-”
x x x x x

vykgkcknyk xka/khth ifgY;kankp usgjQadMs vkuanHkou e/ks vkysys gksrs- rjQ.k
tokgj Lor% R;kaph [kkfrjnkjh djhr gksrs- ldkGh xka/khath rksaM /kwr tokgj'kh xIik
ekjr gksrs- cksyrk cksyrk cjkp osG ik.kh vqxkp lkaMr jkfgya- xka/khth vpkud
Hkkukoj vkys o ik.kh ok;k ?kkyoY;kcí
y R;kauh [ksn O;Dr dsyk- rjQ.k xHkZJhear
tokgj glr Eg.kkys] “ckiw] dkgh dkGth djQ udk- gs vykgkckn vkgs ; fvFks xaxk o
;equk nksUgh okgrkr-”
“gks tokgj- eyk ekfgr vkgs- i.k xaxk&;equk ek>;klkBh okgr ukghr-”
i;kZoj.k pGoG lqjQ gks.;kP;k fdeku iUukl o"ksZ vxksnj xka/khauk gs Hkku gksra
dh uSlfxZd laink ekuokus vfucZa/k vq/kG.;klkBh ukgh- fryk Lor%pa ifo_k vfLrRo
vkgs vkf.k ewY;gh vkgs- vko';d rso<hp okijk- vkiY;k xjtk deh djkgh vkBo.k okpyh rsOgk eh uqdrkp ukxiwjyk esfMdy dkWyste/ks izos'k ?ksryk
gksrk- eh vqByks- [kksyhryk fotsoj pky.kkjk ia[kk can dsyk- ia[;kfouk eyk txrk
vkya ikfgts- oS|dh; f'k{k.kkph iq<hy ikp o"ksZ ukxiwjP;k vqUgkG;krgh eh ia[;kfouk
dk<yh- t.kq iq<s xMfpjkyhyk tk.;klkBh iwoZr;kjh >kkyhx x x x x

2

xMfpjksyhrhy okLrO;kP;k nql`;k o"khZ vsd izlax ?kMyk- xkokckgsjhy vsdk
?kjkr rsOgk vkEgh jkgr gksrks- cktwyk vkslkM tkxk- frFks fgokG@;kr dkgh HkVD;k
yksdkauh vkiyh ikya Vkdyh gksrh- vsdk jk_kh izpaM xksa/kG] fdadkG@;k o jMkjM vSdw ;sr
jkfgyh- nkjQP;k u'ksr uo`;kus ck;dks&eqykauk gk.kekj djQu vkiya iky o R;krhy
phtoLrq isVowu fnyh vkf.k iGwu xsyk- ldkGh vqBwu ikfgya- jk[ksP;k f<xk`;kleksj
ekj [kkYysyh] diMs iQkVysyh vsd vkbZ vkf.k frph Hksnjysyh lkr eqya FkaMhr FkjFkj
dkir vqHkh gksrhjk.khus fryk ika?kjQ.k o [kk;yk fnya- eyk R;k jk_kh >kksi ;sbZuk- fdrhrjh
ck;kauk nkjQeqGs vlk _kkl gksrks- gh leL;k d'kh lksMokoh ? “i.k gs rq>ka dke ukghnkjQpk iz'u Hk;kud vkgs- nkjQps xqRrsnkj] LFkkfud jktdh; usrs o jkT; ljdkj loZp
;k O;kikjkr xqarysys vkgsr- rw MkWDVj vkgsl- rw ;kr dk; dj'khy ? gk jk{kl iQkj
eksBk vkgs- rw vkiys jksxh c?k- la'kks/ku dj-”
i.k R;k ekj [kkYysY;k vkbZps MksGs ? frph Hksnjysyh eqya ? foljrk ;sbZuk;kauk lksMwu dla iGrk ;sbZy ?
xka/khthauh dk; dsya vlra ? 'kks/kw ykxyks- “eyk vsd rklklkBh fganqLFkkupk
gqdqe'kgk cuoya rj lokZr izFke eh loZ nkjQph nqdkus o ijokus jí
djhu-”
ok€ ;k iz'ukoj xka/kh vkiY;klkscr vkgsr- fgaer ok<yh- R;kauh dk; dsya gksra ?
pdzorhZ jktxkikykpkjhauk ;k iz'ukph tckcnkjh nsvwu 'kkldh; vkdMsokjh feGoyh
gksrh- R;kosGh v[[;k Hkkjrkr baxzt ljdkjyk nkjQ fodzhiklwu njo"khZ 25 dksVh jQi;s
dj feGr gksrk- xka/khthauh nkjQ fojQ/n yksdf'k{k.k o nqdkukaoj fidsfVax lqjQ dsyaekxZ lkiMyk- xMfpjksyhph vkdMsokjh xksGk dsyh- ftYg@;kP;k fodklkpa ctsV
14 dksVh jQi;s o nkjQpk vsdw.k [ki 20 dksVh jQi;s vk<Gyk- xjhchpa vsd dkj.k ;k
nkjQP;k vFkZ'kkL_kkr lkiMya- nkjQ nqdkukafojQ/n fidsfVax lqjQ >kkys- xkokxkokr yksdkauh
‘xkokph nkjQeqDrh’ ykxw dsyh- jkT; ljdkjyk u tqekurk 2 vkDVkscj 1992 iklwu
ftYg@;kr ‘tursph nkjQeqDrh’ lqjQ dj.;kr vkyh- xMfpjksyhP;k taxykr xka/kh
vkeP;k lkscr y<r gksrk- “vU;k;h lRrs'kh VDdj ns.;klkBh rqEgh gkrkr nxM fdaok
canqd ?ks.;kph xjt ukgh- vsdp NksVh'kh d=rh djk- R;k jk{klkdMs ikB fiQjok o R;kph
vkKk ikG.;kl udkj |k- rqEgh c?kky dh rqeP;k udkjkiq<s rks jk{kl grcy vkgs- rks
'ksoVh xqM?ks Vsdwu rqEgkyk 'kj.k ;sbZy-”
ikp o"ksZ vkanksyukuarj 'ksoVh 1993 lkyh ljdkjus iw.kZ ftYg@;kr nkjQcanh ykxw
dsyh- ifgY;kp o"khZ ftYg@;kryh 60 VDds nkjQ deh >kkyh- yksdkaps 12 dksVh jQi;s
okpys- ?kjk?kjkrY;k HksnjysY;k vqik'kh ck;k o eqykaP;k iksVkr vUu ikspyai.k leL;k vtwu laiysyh ukgh- ;k o"khZ iw.kZ egkjk"V!r nkjQ fodzhiklwu
'kklukyk 4000 dksVh jQi;s vqRiUu visf{kr vkgs- dks.k d=rh lqjQ dj.kkj ?
x x x x x

3

nf{k.k vfizQdsr xsyks rsOgk ftFks ftFks xka/kh jkfgys] ?kMys frFks tkvwu vkyksxka/khaP;k thoukrhy VfuZax ikbaV BjysY;k ihVj&efjV@>kcxZyk xsyks- toGikl 'kaHkj
o"kkZaiwohZ uqdR;kp vfizQdsr vkysY;k cWfjLVj xka/khauk ;kp LVs'kuoj V!sue/kwu [kkyh
iQsdwu ns.;kr vkya gksra- jk_kHkj vieku] FkaMh o Hkhrh vuqHkor xka/kh R;k IyWViQkWeZoj
clwu gksrs- “gk Hk;kud ns'k vkgs- fvFks d'kkyk jkgk;pa ? Hkkjrkr ijr tkvw dk ?”
fvFksp xka/khapk iGwu u tkrk y<.;kpk fu'p; >kkyk- fvFksp R;kauh vkiyk
lR;kxzg dsyk o xks`;k yksdkalkscr V!suus izokl dj.;kpk vkiyk gDd feGoykek>;klkBh gh tkxk dk'khgwu ifo_k- dqjQ{ks_k€
;k ?kVusyk 'kaHkj o"ksZ iw.kZ >kkyhr rsOgk ;k jsYos IyWViQWkeZoj xka/khthaP;k Le=rhr
eksBk gkWy cuo.;kr vkyk- 1996 lkyh R;k gkWypa vqn@?kkVu djrkauk usYlu eaMsyk
Eg.kkys] “'kaHkj o"kkZaiwohZ Hkkjrkus vkeP;kdMs vsd vM[kG.kkjk f'kdkvw odhy ikBoykohl o"kkZauarj vkEgh Hkkjrkyk vsd egkRek ijr dsyk-”
izR;sdkP;k thoukr vsd ihVj&eWfjV@>kcxZ ?kMr vlra- vM[kG.kk`;k rjQ.kkiklwu
egkRE;kP;k fn'ksus izokl rsOgk lqjQ gksvw 'kdrksvki.k vtwu IyWViQkWeZoj clwu vkgksr(MkW- vHk; cax ;kauh 2000 lkyh
baXyaMe/ks fnysY;k ‘Meeting the
Mahatma’ ;k Hkk"k.kkoj vk/kkfjr-)
&&&Ê&&&Ê&&&

4

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