A SELECTION OF AUTHENTIC QUDsi (SACRED) HADiTHS

WITH

AN-NAWAWi's FORTY

""

HADITHS

Muhammad M. 'Abdul-Fattah

- -

Reima Y oussif Shakeir

Dar Al-Manaralt

For Translation, Publishing & Distribution

Contents

A Selection of Authentic Qudsi (Sacred)

Hadiths 9

Foreword 11

Recording good and bad deeds 13

Allah says, " ... whether you disclose what is in your ownselves or conceal it) Allah will call you to

account " 14

Those who have bad intentions will enter Hell-fire 16

The danger of polytheism 1 7

The disbeliever asks to be ransomed with whatever

is in the earth 19

The virtue of monotheism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 20 Taking those who adopt monotheism out of Hell-fire. 21

The virtue of "There is no god but Allah" 22

Allah's Mercy 23

Warning those who despair of Allah's Mercy 24

The virtue of fearing Allah 25

Remembering Allah and drawing near to Him 26

Remembering Allah and accompanying the

righteous 28

Showing repentance and asking for forgiveness 30

Allah loves to meet whoever loves to meet Him 31

The sign of Allah's love for His servant 32

The Muslims' love for and mercy toward one another 33 The testimony of a Muslim's neighbors to his

advantage 34-

3

Allah shelters the believer in this word and the next. 35

The superiority of the believers 36

Respiting and overlooking an insolvent person 37

The virtue of loving for the sake of Allah 37

Paradise is surrounded by hardships and Hell-fire

by desires. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 40

Some of what Allah has prepared for His righteous

servants , 41

Allah's satisfaction with the inhabitants of Paradise. 41

The last person who will enter Paradise 43

The su periori ty of martyrs 47

The occasion of the verse: "Think not of those who

are killed in the Way of Allah as dead " 50

The delight and misery of worldly life in the

Hereafter 51

One of the scenes of the Day of Resurrection 52

Allah says, " ... And on the Day of Resurrection the whole ofthe earth will be grasped by His Hand ... )' .... 54

Some of those who will enter Hell-fire will go

out of it 55

Asking people about the worldly delight , 56

Negligence in an action related to the Hereafter 56

The believers' seeing their Lord in the Hereafter 58

Some of Allah's Favors upon his Prophet

Muhammad (PBUH) 59

The Basin of the Prophet (PBUH) 60

Al-Kawthar 61

The superiority of Prophet Muhammad's Ummah 62

4

The hadfth of the Ascent (to heavens) and the

prescription of prayers. . .. . . . . .. . . .. . . .. . . . . . . 72

The day of "Arafah on which Allah praises pilgrims. 73 The virtue of Fasting.......................................... 75 The superiority of a person who keeps patient when

his intimate friend dies....................................... 76

Encouraging Muslims to give in charity........ .. 77

The virtue of performing ablution at night.. . .. 78

Invoking Allah and performing prayer at the end

of the night....................................................... 79

Allah rejoices at two men................ 80

The virtue of voluntary acts of worship. 81

The virtue of calling for prayer.... ... . . . .. 82

The virtue of the Fajr Prayer and the 'A§.r Prayer... 83 Staying at the mosque between the Maghrib Prayer and the 'Jsha' Prayer..................................... ..... 84

A refuge at the beginning of the day. . .. . . . . .. .. 84

One of the treasures of Paradise...... 85

When a son asks Allah to forgive his parents......... 86 Not mentioning Allah's Name on provisions........... 86

The first thing Allah created.............. 87

Allah's saying to Adam, "Your Lord (will) have

mercy on you."............. 87

The salutation of Muslims.................................. 88 The story of Musa (Moses) with the Angel of Death. 89 Allah's Favor upon His Prophet Ayyub (Job). . . . . . . . .. 90

A form of satanic insinuation.......... 91

5

Asking Allah to send blessings on the Prophet

(PBUH) , , 92

Enjoining the right and forbidding the wrong.... 92

The virtue of the opening (chapter) of the Book...... 93 The prohibition of severing ties of kinship............. 95

The prohibition of cursing time ,. 95

The prohibition of arrogance................................ 96

The punishment of harboring hostility.... 97

Good deeds carried out in health are recorded as

the same in illness.. .. .... .. ... .. .. ..... . ... .. ....... .. ... ...... 98

Keeping patient and hoping for reward on losing

sight , 98

The virtue of poverty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

One of the major signs of the Hour 101

The virtue of a formula of praise 102

An .. Nawawi's Forty Hadith.s 103

HADITH (1) 105

HADITH (2) 107

HADITH (3) 108

HADITH (4) 109

HADITH (5) 110

HADITH (6) 111

HADITH (7) 112

HADITH (8) 112

HADITH (9) 113

HADITH (10) 114

6

HADITH (11) 115

HADITH (12) 115

HADITH (13) 116

HADITH (14) 116

HADITH (15) 117

HADITH (16) 117

HADITH (17) 118

HADITH (18) 118

HADITH (19) 119

HADITH (20) 120

HADITH (21) 121

HADITH (22) 121

HADITH (23) 122

HADITH (24) 123

HADITH (25) 125

HADITH (26) 126

HADITH (27) 127

HADITH (28) 128

HADITH (29) 130

HADITH (30) 131

HADITH (31) 132

HADITH (32) 132

HADITH (33) 133

HADITH (34) 133

HADITH (35) 134

HADITH (36) 135

HADITH (37) 136

7

HADITH (38) 137

HADITH (39) 138

HADITH (40) 139

HADITH (41) 139

HADITH (42) 140

GLOSSARY 141

8

A Selection of Authentic QUdSl (Sacred) Hadiths

Translated by:

Muhammad M. 'Abdul-Fattah

- -

Edited by:

Reima Y oussif Shakeir

9

10

Foreword

Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah, as well as upon his household, Companions, and advocates.

This is a book of "Authentic Sacred Hadiths," and it contains what I have proven to be of the authentic sacred hadfths. I have mentioned these hadiths in this booklet without any chains of transmitters or comment-aries, finding it sufficient to just attribute each haditli to a few of its transmitters. I only hope that Allah, the Exalted in Might and the EverMajestic, would accept this effort and reward me for it. I also wish that all Muslims, be they common or specialists, would benefit from this authenticated (selection of) what the Prophet (PBUH) related from his Lord, Blessed and Glorified be He. This is what scholars call "qudsi hadfths," with reference to one of the Names of Allah, Blessed and Glorified be He, namely, "Al-Quddus" (the Sacred)",

It is quite important to highlight the fact that the qudsi hadith. is different from the Honorable Qur'dn in the following poirrts.?

1. The Qur'an was brought down by Jibril (Gabriel), peace be upon him, whereas the sacred hadithe could be brought down through Jibril, by means of aspira tion, or by any other means.

1 It can also be translated as "the Holy". (Translator)

:2 In this context, our reader should beware that the Prophetic hadith. or "hadith. nabawf" refers to any of the Prophet Muhammad's sayings, deeds, and approvals, etc., as an item of what is known as his Sunnah. (Translator).

11

2. The entire text of the Qur'an (has reached us) through a continuous chain of transmitters (i.e., it is rnutauuitir), while the sacred hadfth does not have this merit.

3. The Qur'an can never be afflicted with any mistake, yet any of the narrators of a sacred hadith might get sidetracked and thus narrate it incorrectly.

4. The Qur'an can be recited in prayer, but this is not permissible as regards the sacred hadithe.

5. The Qur'an is divided into chapters isuuiar), verses (ayat), parts tajzti'), and sub-parts (ahzfIb), whereas this is not the case with the sacred hadithe.

6. The reward specified for recitation of the Qur'an is certain and well-established, however the sacred hadith. doesnot enjoy this advantage.

7. The Qur'an is an everlasting miracle steadfast throughout times and eras

8. Whoever denies the Qur'an becomes a disbeliever, unlike a person who denies a sacred hadfth, thinking, for instance, that it is of a weak chain of transmitters.

9. It is permissible to narrate a sacred hadfth through its meaning, yet it is not permissible to "recite" the Qur~an through its meaning.

There are other differences in this regard.

And, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, and upon his household and Companions.

12

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Recording good and bad deeds

1. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Allah, the Exalted in Might and the EverMajestic, said, 'If My servant thinks of doing (i.e., intends to do) a good deed and does not do it, I record it for him as a good deed unless he does it; and if he does it, I record it for him as ten times the like thereof. And if he thinks of doing (i.e., intends to do) a bad deed and does not do it, I forgive it for him unless he does it; and if he does it, I record it as one bad deed.'" The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The angels (would) say, '0 Lord, this servant of Yours wants to do a bad deed,' while He knows best about him, He (would) say, 'Watch him. If he does it, then record it as the like of it; and if he refrains from it, then record it as one good deed. Indeed! He will have refrained from it for fearing Me." (Muslim)

13

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Allah says, " ... whether you disclose what is in your ownselves or conceal it, Allah will call you to account ... »t

2. Ibn 'Abbas, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "When (Allah) revealed ' ... whether you disclose what is in your ownselves or conceal it) Allah will call you to account for it .. ." they (the Muslims) felt something concerning it as never happened concerning any (other) thing. Thereupon, the Prophet (PBUH) said, 'Say, 'We have hear, and we obey and submit (to Allah's Will)',' Then Allah cast faith into their hearts and revealed, 'Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope, He gets reward for that

1 Qur'an: 2: 284.

14

(good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned, 'Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error", ' He (Allah) said, 'I will not,' '". Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians} ... , He said, 'I will not.' ' ... Our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear ... ' He said, 'I will not.' ' ... Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Mcuol/; (Patron, Supporter and Protector, etc.) ... '2 He said, 'I will.'" (Muslim)

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Those who have bad intentions will enter Hell .. fire

3. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) say, 'The first people who will be judged on the Day of Resurrection will be (three). (The first one will be) a man who died a martyr. He will be called and (Allah) will show him the bounties He bestowed upon him (in worldly life). He will recognize them and then He (Allah) will ask him, 'How did you act concerning them?' He will say, '1 fought in Your Cause until I died a martyr.' He (Allah) will say, 'You have lied. You fought so that it might be said you were a brave man; and such was said of you.' Then it will be ordered that he be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell-fire. (The second one will be) a man who acquired knowledge, taught it (to others), and studied the Qur'an. He will be called and (Allah) win show him the bounties He bestowed upon him. He will recognize them and then He will ask him, 'How did you act concerning them?' He will say, '1 acquired knowledge and taught it (to others) and recited the Qur'dn for You.' He (Allah) will say, 'You have lied. You acquired knowledge so that you might be called a knowledgeable man and you read the Qur'an so that you might be called a reciter, and such was said

l6

of you.' Then it will be ordered that he be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell-fire. (The third of the three people will be) a man whom Allah gran ted all kinds of wealth and property. He will be called and (Allah) will show him the bounties He bestowed upon him. He will recognize them and then He will ask him, 'How did you act concerning them?' He will say, 'I left no way in which You like property to be spent without doing so for You.' He (Allah) will say, 'You have lied. You did all that so that it might be said you were a generous man, and such was said of you.' Then it will be ordered that he be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell-fire.'" (Muslim and An-Nasa'i)

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The danger of polytheism

4. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'Allah, Blessed and Glorified be He, said, 'I am the One Who is not in need of any partner. If anyone carries out an action in which he associates with Me someone else, I will leave him with what he has associated with Me."'l (Muslim)

1 It means that any action that is done out of ostentation is unacceptable and thus no reward will be given for it. (Translator)

17

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5. Mahmud Ibn Labid, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'The thing of which I fear most that it should afflict you is minor polytheism.' They (the listeners) said, 'What is minor polytheism, 0 Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'Ostentation." Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, will say to those (who adopt such a form of polytheism) on the Day of Resurrection, when He will be rewarding people for their deeds, 'Go to those to whom you used to show yourselves and look if they have any reward

(for you).'" (Ahmad)

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1 The Arabic word riyti' can also be used to refer to such words as "double-dealing," "duplicity," and the like. (Translator)

18

The disbeliever asks to be ransomed with whatever is in the earth

6. Anas Ibn Malik, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, "Almighty Allah will say to the person who will receive the slightest punishment in Hell-fire on the Day of Resurrection, 'If you had whatever is in the earth, would you ransom yourself with it?' He will say, 'Yes.' Then He will say, 'I asked you for (things) lesser than this when you were still in Adam's loins; that is, to associate nothing with me, but you insisted on associating others with Me.'"

(AI- Bukhari and Muslim)

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19

The virtue of monothedsm!

7. Abu Dharr, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, says, 'Whoever brings a good deed will have ten times the like thereof to his credit and I (may) increase (that), and whoever brings an evil deed will have only the recompense of the like thereof and I (may) forgive (it). Whoever draws near to Me a hand's span, I draw near to him an armis length; whoever draws near to Me an armis length, I draw near to him a fathom's length; and whoever comes to Me walking, I go to him with haste. And, whoever meets Me with sins as great as the earth yet associating nothing with Me, I meet him with forgiveness as great as it (i.e., the earth)."

(Muslim, Ahmad, and Ibn Majah)

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20

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Taking those who adopt monotheism out of Hell-fire

8. Abu Said Al-Khudri, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, "The inhabitants of Paradise will enter it and the inhabitants of Hell-fire will enter it, then Almighty Allah will say, 'Take out (of Hell- fire) whoever had in his heart (in worldly life) faith equal to the weight of a mustard seed.' So, they will go out of it and they will have become black then. After that they will be thrown into a river called "Life," and they will rise as a seed rises at the side of a torrent. Do you not see that it goes out then yellow and twi sting+?"

(Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

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1 i.e., they go out of Hell-fire happy with faces as bright as a seed when it rises at the side of a torrent. (Translator)

21

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The virtue of "There is no god but Allah"

9. 'Abdullah Ibn "Amr Ibnul-iAs, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'Allah will select a man from my Ummah before creatures on the Day of Resurrection, and He will display to him ninety-nine records each of which will be as (long and wide as) the sight can reach. Then He will say, 'Do you deny anything from this? Were My guardian scribes unjust to you?' He will say, 'No, 0 my Lord.' Allah will say, 'Do you have any excuse?' He will say, 'No, 0 my Lord.' Allah will say, 'Yes you have, for there is a good deed for you with Us, and on this Day you will not suffer from any injustice.' Then a card containing, 'I testify that there is no god but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger,' will appear. Then Allah will say, 'Witness your scales.' He will say, '0 my Lord, what is this card (supposed to do) with these records?' Allah will say, 'No injustice will 1) ~ done to you'.' He (the Prophet) continued, 'Th8~1 the records will be put on a scale and the card

22

on the other scale, and the records will become light and the card heavy, as nothing is heavy (when compared) with the Name of Allah.'"

(At- Tirmidhi, Ahmad, and Ibn Majah)

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Allah's Mercy

10. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Prophet (PBDH) said, "Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, said, 'My Mercy has surpassed My Anger.'" (Muslim)

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23

Warning those who despair of Allah's Mercy

11. Abu Said Al-Khudri, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, "Among the Children of Israel there was a man who killed ninety-nine persons. After that he went out to ask (whether he had any chance of repentance). Thus, he met a monk and said to him, 'Is there any (chance) for me to show repentance?' He answered in the negative so he killed him. He kept on inquiring and a man said to him, 'Go to such and such a village.' But he died, with his chest toward it. A dispute arose between the angels of mercy and the angels of punishment concerning him. Thereupon Allah ordered (the land) on one side to become nearer and (the land) on the other side to go farther. Then He said (to the angels), 'Measure (the distance between them).' (They) found that it was nearer to this land (of repentance) a hand's span, so he was forgiven." (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

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24

The virtue of fearing Allah

12. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "A man, who had not done any good deed, said (to his family ) that if he died they should burn his (body) then throw one half of his (ashes) in the earth and the other half in the sea; for, (he said), if Allah captured him, He would surely punish him with a torment such as He had not inflicted on anyone among the worlds (i.e., mankind and jinns). Allah ordered the sea to gather what had been (thrown) in it and the earth to gather w ha t had been (thrown) in it, then He said, 'Why did you do (that)?' He said, 'Out of fearing You, and You (already) know (that).' So, He forgave him."

(Al-Bukhari, Muslim, and An-Nasa'i)

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25

Remembering Allah and drawing near to Him

13. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'Almighty Allah says, 'I am as My servant thinks I am,' and I am with him when he remembers Me. If he remembers Me to himself, I remember him to Myself; and if he remembers Me in a gathering, I remember him in a gathering better than it. If he draws near to Me a hand's span, I draw near to him an arm's length; if he draws near to Me an arm's length, I draw near to him a fathom's length; and if he comes to Me walking, I go to him with haste.'"

(Al-Bukhari, Muslim, At-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Majah)

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14. Maqil Ibn Yasar, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'Your Lord, Blessed and Glorified be He, says, '0 son of Adam, devote yourself to worshiping Me and I shall fill your heart with contentment and your hands with provision. 0 son of Adam, do not go away from Me, for, (if you do), I shall fill your heart with

1 According to a versi on of Ahmad: ", .. If he expects good then he will receive good, and if he expects evil then he will receive evil. .. "

26

poverty (and neediness) and your hands with occupa-

tion 1, '" (Al-Hakim)

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1 i.e., I shall make you busy doing things that will not satisfy you. (Transla tor)

27

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Remembering Allah and accompanying the righteous

15. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'Allah has angels who wander in the paths (of people) searching for those who remember Allah. When they find some people remembering Allah, they call upon one another (saying), 'Come to (fulfill) your need!' Then they surround them with their wings up to the nearest heaven (i.e., the first heaven). Then their Lord, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, asks them, although He knows best, 'What are My servants saying?' The angels say, 'They are declaring Your Glory, saying that You are the Greatest, praising You, and glorifying You.' He says, 'Have they ever seen Me?' They say, 'No, by Allah! They have never seen You.' He says, 'So, what if they were to see Me?' The angels say, 'Had they seen You, they would have been more enthusiastic in worshiping You, more fervent in glorifying You, and more dedicated to declaring Your Glory.' He then says, 'What are they asking Me for?' They say, 'They are asking You for Paradise.' He says, 'Have they ever seen it?' They say, 'No, by Allah, 0 our Lord, they have never seen it.' He says, 'So, what if they were to see it?' The angels say, 'Had they seen it, they would have shown more keenness to (be

28

admitted to) it, more eagerness to seek it, and more yearning for it.' Then Allah says, 'And from what are they seeking refuge?' The angels say, 'From Hellfire.' Allah says, 'Have they ever seen it?' They say, 'No, by Allah, 0 our Lord, they have never seen it.' Allah says, 'What if they were to see it?' They say, 'Had they seen it, they would have fled from it more eagerly and feared it (much) more.' Thereupon Allah says, 'Therefore I call you to witness that I have forgiven them.' One of the angels then says, 'Among them there is so and so who is not one of them, as he has come for some (other) purpose.' Allah says, 'They are such persons with whom whoever sits is not to be miserable.'" (AI-Bukharl)

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29

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Showing repentance and asking for forgiveness

16. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, 'A servant of Allah committed a sin then said, '0 my Lord, I have committed a sin, so (please) forgive (me).' His Lord said, 'Is My servant aware that he has a Lord Who forgives sins and punishes for them? I have forgiven My servant.' Then he remained (without sins) as long as Allah wished then committed a sin and said, '0 my Lord, I have committed another (sin), so (please) forgive it.' His (Lord) said, 'Is My servant aware that he has a Lord Who forgives sins and punishes for them? I have forgiven My servant.' Then he remained (without sins) as long as Allah wished then committed a sin and said, '0 my Lord, I have committed another (sin), so (please) forgive it for me.' His (Lord) said, 'Is My servant aware that he has a Lord Who forgives sins and punishes for them? I have forgiven My servant,' (repeating it) three times, 'so let him do as he likes.'"

(Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

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30

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17. Abu Said Al-Khudri, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "1 heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, 'Iblis (Satan) said to his Lord, 'By Your Might and Your Majesty, I will keep seducing Your servants as long as (their) souls are in their (bodies),' Allah said, 'By My Might and My Majesty, I will keep forgiving them as long as they ask Me for

forgiveness.'" (Ahmad)

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Allah loves to meet whoever loves to meet Him

18. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Allah said, 'If My servant loves to meet Me, I love to meet him; and if he hates to meet Me, I hate

to meet him.'" (Al-Bukhari)

31

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The sign of Allah's love for His servant

19. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'When Allah loves a servant, he calls upon Jibrll (Gabriel) and says, '1 love so and so, so love him.' Hence -Iihril loves him. Then he announces (it) in the heavens, saying, 'Allah loves so and so, so love him.' Hence the inhabitants of the heavens love him, then he is doomed to be (loved and thus) approved of in the earth. And when He detests a servant, He calls upon Jibril and says, 'I detest so and so, so detest him.' Hence -Iibri l detests him. Then he announces (it) in the heavens, saying, 'Allah detests so and so, so detest him.' Hence the inhabi-tants of the heavens detest him, then he is doomed to be detested in the

earth.'" (Muslim)

32

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The Muslims' love for and mercy

toward one another

20. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'Allah, the Exalted in Might and the EverMajestic, will say on the Day of Resurrection, '0 son of Adam, I was ill and you did not visit me.' He will say, '0 my Lord, how would I visit You when You are the Lord of the worlds?' Allah will say, 'Did you not know that My servant so and so had fallen ill and you did not visit him? Did you not know that if you had visited him you would have found Me with him? o son of Adam, I asked you for food but you did not give Me any.' The man will say, '0 IVIy Lord, how would I feed You when You are the Lord of the

33

worlds?' Allah will say, 'Did you not know that My servant so and so asked you for food but you did not feed him? Did you not know that if you had fed him you would have found (a reward for) that with Me? 0 son of Adam, I asked you to give Me (water) to drink but you did not give Me any.' The man will say, '0 My Lord, how would I give You (water) to drink when You are the Lord of the worlds?' Allah will say, 'My servant so and so asked you to give him (water) to drink but you did not give him any. Did you not know that if you had given him (water) to drink you would have found (a reward for) that with Me?'"

(Muslim)

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The testimony of a Muslim's neighbors to his advantage

21. Anas, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, "No Muslim dies, having four of the households from among his nearest neighbors testify (to his righteousness), but He (Allah) says, 'I have accepted what you know (of good) about him, and I have forgiven for him what you do not know (of evil)'" (Ahmad)

34

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Allah shelters the believer in this word and the next

22. Safwan Ibn Muhriz Al-Mazini narrated, "While I was walking with Ibn "Umar, may Allah be satisfied with him, and holding his hand, a man came and said, 'What did you hear the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying regarding an-najuiti (private talk)?' He said, 'I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, 'Allah will bring the believer close to Him (on the Day of Resurrection) and put him in His shelter, cover him (away from the others), and say, 'Do you know such and such a sin and such and such a sin?' He will reply (to each question, saying), 'Yes, o my Lord.' When Allah makes him confess (all) his sins, and he thus believes that he deserves chastise-

35

ment, He will say, 'I kept them secret from people in worldly life, and I forgive them for you today.' Then he will be given his record of good deeds. As for the disbelievers and hypocrites, witnesses will say, 'Those are the ones who lied to their Lord. Damned be the wrongdoers.'" (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

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The superiority of the believers

23. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, "Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, said, 'The believer, in My sight, is (as valuable) as all goodness. He praises Me (though) I take away his soul from between his two sides.'" (Ahmad)

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36

Respiting and overlooking an insolvent person

24. Hudhayfah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'The angels received the soul of a man from among those who were before you, and they said, 'Have you ever done any good deed?' He answered in the negative and they said, 'Remember!' He said, 'I would advance (money) to people yet I would order my boys to respite the insolent and overlook the well-off.' Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, said, 'Overlook him.'" (Al-Bukhar'i and Muslim)

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The virtue of loving for the sake of Allah

25. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Allah will say on the Day of Resurrection, 'Where are those who love one another for My Majesty? Today I shelter them in My Shade on the Day when there is no shade but Mine." (Muslim)

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26. Abu Muslim Al-Khawlani said that Muadh Ibn Jabal, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) relating (words) from his Lord, saying, 'Those who love one another for the sake of Allah will be on stands of light in the shade of the Throne on the Day when there will be no shade but His.'" He (Abu Muslim) said, "1 went out and met "Ubadah Ibnus-Samit and mentioned to him the hadith. (I had heard) from M u adh Ibn J ahal. He said, 'I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) relating (words) from his Lord, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic" Who says, 'It is certain that I love those who love one another for My sake, it is certain that I love those who spend on one another for My sake, and it is certain that I love those who visit one another for My sake. And, those who love one another for the sake of Allah will be on stands of light in the shade of the Throne on the Day when there will be no shade but His.'"

(Ahmad)

38

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27. Mu'adh Ibn Jabal, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, 'Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, said, 'Those who love one another for the sake of My Majesty will have stands of light (and) Prophets and martyrs will rejoice at their

(position).'" (At- Tirmidhi)

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39

Paradise is surrounded by hardships and Hell-fire by desires

28. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "When Allah created Paradise, He said to Jibril (Gabriel), 'Go and look at it.' He went and looked at it then came back and said, '0 my Lord, by Your Might, no one hears of it without (wishing) to enter it.' Then He sur-rounded it with hardships and said, '0 Jibril, go and look at it (again).' He went and looked at it then came back and said, '0 my Lord, by Your Might, I am afraid that no one will enter it.' And when Allah created Hell-fire, He said to Jibril, 'Go and look at it.' He went and looked at it then came back and said, '0 my Lord, by Your Might, no one hears of it without (wishing) not to enter it.' Allah surrounded it with desires then said, '0 Jibril, go and look at it (again).' He went and looked at it then came back and said, '0 my Lord, by Your Might, I am afraid that no one will be exempted from entering it.'"

(Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa'i, and Ahmad)

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40

Some of what Allah has prepared for His righteous servants

29. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Allah, Blessed and Glorified be He, said, 'I have prepared for My righteous servants what no eye has ever seen, what no ear has ever heard, and what no human mind has ever envisaged.'"

(Al-Bukbari and Muslim)

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Allah's satisfaction with the inhabitants of Paradise

30. Abu Said Al-Khudri, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'Allah will say to the inhabitants of Paradise, '0 inhabitants of Paradise!' They will say, 'Here we are, 0 our Lord, always at You service. We obey Your

41

commands and goodness is in Your Hands.' He will then say, 'Are you satisfied?' They will say, 'Why should we not be satisfied, 0 our Lord, while You have granted us what You have not granted any of Your creatures?' He will then say, 'Shall I grant you (something) better than this?' They will say, 'What could be better than this?' Allah will say, 'To bestow My Satisfaction on you (so much) that I shall never be angry with you after that.'"

(Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

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31. -Iabir, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'When the inhabitants of Paradise enter it, Allah, Glorified and Exalted be He, will say, 'Do you desire anything?' They will say, '0 our Lord, what could be greater than what You have granted us?' He will then say, '(Surely) there is: My Satisfaction is greater.'" (Ibn Hibban)

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The last person who will enter Paradise

32. 'Abdullah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, "I certainly know the last person from among the inhabitants of Hell-fire who will leave it and (he is) the last person from among the inhabitants of Paradise who will enter it. (He is) a man who will come out of Hell-fire crawling, and Allah will say (to him), 'Go and enter Paradise.' He will go to it, and he will imagine that it is full, so he will go back and say, '0 my Lord, I have found it full.' Allah will say, 'Go and enter Paradise.' He will go to it, and he will imagine that it is full, so he will go back and say, '0 my Lord, I have found it full.' Allah will say, 'Go and enter Paradise, for you will have what equals the world ten times.' He will say, 'Do you mock at me though You are the King?'" (Then the narrator said.) "I definitely saw the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) smiling until his molars were visible. And, it was said, 'That (man) will be of

43

the humblest position among the inhabitants of Paradise." (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

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44

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33. Ibn Masud, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The last person who will enter Paradise will be a man who will walk for some time, slip for some time, and Hell-fire will catch him for SODle other time. When he surpasses it, he will turn toward it and say, 'Blessed is the One Who has saved me from you! Indeed, Allah has given me what He has not given anyone of those of old or those of later times!' Then a tree will be raised for him and he will then say, '0 my Lord, let me approach this tree so that I can shade myself under its shade and drink from its water.' Allah, the Exalted in Might and the EverMajestic, will say, '0 son Adam, perhaps you will ask Me for something else if I grant you this.' He will say, 'No, my Lord,' and he will promise Him that he will not ask Him for anything else and his Lord will excuse him because he will be seeing things before which he will lose patience. Then Allah will let him approach it and he will shade himself under its shade and drink from its water. Then another tree, which is better than the first one, will be raised for him. He will say, '0 my Lord, let me approach this

45

tree so that I can drink from its water and shade myself under its shade, and I will not ask You for anything else.' Allah will say, '0 son of Adam, have you not promised Me that you would not ask Me for anything else?' Then Allah will say, 'Perhaps you will ask Me for something else if I grant you this.' He will promise Him that he will not ask Him for anything else and his Lord will excuse him heca use he will be seeing things before which he will lose patience. Then He will let him approach it and he will shade himself under its shade and drink from its water. Then another tree, which is better than the first two, will be raised for him at the gate of Paradise. He will say, '0 my Lord, let me approach this tree so that I can drink from its water and shade myself under its shade, and I will not ask You for anything else.' His Lord will excuse him because he will he seeing things before which he will lose patience. Then He will let him approach it where he will hear the sounds of the inhabitants of Paradise and then say, '0 my Lord, let me enter it.' He will say, '0 son of Adam, what can make you stop asking Me (for more things)? Will you be satisfied if I give you (what equals) the world and the like of it along with it?' He will say, '0 my Lord, do You mock at me though You are the Lord of the worlds?'" Thereupon, Ibn Masud smiled and said, 'Will you not ask me why I am smiling?' They (the listeners) said, 'Why are you smiling.' He said, 'That was how the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) smiled, so they (the listeners) said, 'Why are you smiling, 0 Messenger of

46

Allah?' He said, '(Because) the Lord of the worlds will smile when he (the man) says, 'Do you mock at me though You are the Lord of the worlds?' Allah will then say, 'I do not mock at you, but I have power to do whatever 1 will.'" (Muslim)

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The superiority of martyrs

34. Masruq said, "We asked 'Abdullah (meaning Ibn Masud) about this verse, 'Think not of those who are killed in the Way of Allah as dead. Nay, they are alive, unth. their Lord, and they have provision.'l He

1 Qur'an: 3: 169.

47

said, 'We asked the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) about that and he said, 'Their souls are in the bellies of green birds that have lanterns suspended to the Throne. They wander (freely) in Paradise wherever they want then seek shelter with those lanterns. Their Lord had a look at them and said, 'Do you wish for anything?' They said, 'What would we wish for while we roam in Paradise wherever we want?' Allah did that with them three times. When they realized that they would not be spared from asking (for something), they said, '0 our Lord, we would like to have our souls restored in our bodies so that we may be killed again in Your Cause,' As He saw that they were not in need of anything, they were let alone.'"

(Muslim, At-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Majah)

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35. Anas, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, '(Every) one of the inhabitants of Paradise will be brought up and Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, will say, '0 son of Adam, how have you found your position?' He will say, '0 my Lord, (it is) the best of positions.' Allah will say, 'Ask and

48

wish (for something).' He will say, '1 (hopefully) ask that You return me to worldly life so that I may be killed ten times in Your Cause,' because of what he has observed of the virtue of being a martyr."

(An-Nasa'i, Ahmad, and AI-Hakim)

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36. Ibn "Umar, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Prophet (PBVH) related that his Lord, Blessed and Glorified be He, said, "Whenever a servant of Mine proceeds on jihad in My Cause seeking My satisfaction, I guarantee that I will let him return with what he has got of rewards and spoils; and (I also guarantee that) if I take his soul, 1 will forgive him, have mercy upon him, and admit him to Paradise." (Ahmad and An-Nasa'i)

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The occasion of the verse:

"Think not of those who are killed in

the Way of Allah as dead ... "l

37. Ibn 'Abbas, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'When your brothers were martyred in (the Battle of) Uhud, Allah put their souls in the bellies of green birds that would visit the rivers of Paradise, eat from its fruits, and seek shelter with golden lanterns suspended to the shade of the Throne. When they felt the goodness of their food, drink, and shelter, they said, 'Who would tell our brothers that we are alive in Paradise where we have (such) provision so that they may not neglect jihad or refuse (to fight) when they are to fight?' Allah, Glory be to Him, said, 'I will tell them for you.' Then Allah revealed, 'Think not of those who are killed in the Way of Allah as dead. Nay, they are alive, with their Lord, and they have

prooision:" (Abu Dawud and Ahmad)

1 Qur'an: :3: 169.

50

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The delight and misery of worldly life

in the Hereafter

38, Anas, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The person who has the most miserable life from among the inhabitants of Paradise will be brought up and (Allah) will say (to His angels), 'Dip him for one time in Paradise.' They will dip him in it for one time then Allah, the Exalted in Might and the EverMajestic, will say, '0 son of Adam, have you ever experienced any misery or anything you dislike?' He will say, 'No, by Your Might, I have never experienced anything I dislike.' Then the person who has the most comfortable life from among the inhabitants of Hell-fire will be brought up and Allah will say, 'Dip him in it (i.e., Hell-fire) for once.' (That will be done)

51

then He will say, '0 son of Adam, have you ever experienced any good (i.e., delight and comfort) or any joy of the eye?' He will say, 'No, by Your Might, I have never experienced any good or joy of the eye.'"

(Ahmad, Muslim, and Ibn Majah)

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of Resurrection

39. Abu Sa'id AI-Khudri, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, "Almighty Allah will say, '0 Adam!' He will say,

52

'Here I am, always at You service. I obey Your commands and goodness is in Your Hands.' He will then say, 'Make out the inhabitants of Hell-fire.' Adam will say, 'Who are the inhabitants of Hell-fire?' Allah will say, 'Nine hundred and ninety-nine (people) out of everyone thousand (people). '" (Thereupon the Prophet commented.) "This is when those who are young become gray-headed and every pregnant one drops her load, and (when) you see mankind as in a drunken state, yet they will not be drunken, but severe will be the Torment of Allah." They (the listeners) said, "0 Messenger of Allah, who amongst us will be that person?" He said, "Be delighted! One will be from among you and a thousand will be from among Ya'juj and Ma'juj (Gog and Magog)." (The narrator continued.) "Then the Prophet said, 'By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, I hope that you will be one fourth of the inhabitants of Paradise.' On that we (the listeners expressed our feeling of joy) saying, 'Allithu. akbar (Allah is the Greatest!)' Then the Prophet said, 'I hope that you will be one third of the inhabitants of Paradise.' We said, 'Allah.u akbar!' He said, 'I hope that you will be one half of the inhabitants of Paradise.' We said, 'Allflhu akbar!' Then the Prophet said, 'You are (measured) among (all) people as a black hair in the skin of a white ox or as a white hair in the skin of a black ox.'"

(Ahmad, Muslim, and An-Nasa'i)

53

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Allah says,

" ... And on the Day of Resurrection the whole of the earth will be grasped by His Hand ... »i

40. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, 'Allah will grasp the earth and roll up the heavens with His Right Hand then say, 'I am the King! Where are the kings of the earth?'"

(Al-Bukhari, Muslim, and Ibn Majah)

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41. "Ubaydull ah Ibn Miqsam said that 'Abdullah Ibn "Urnar, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated

1 Qu> an: 39: 67.

54

that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, will hold His heavens and His earths with His Hands then say, 'I am Allah! I am the King!' while contracting and stretching His Fingers." (Ibn 'Umar said.) "I looked at the pulpit and the lower part of it was moving that I thought it would fall with the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)."

(Muslim, Ibn Majah, and An-N asa'il

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Some of those who will enter Hell-fire

will go out of it

42, Anas Ibn Malik, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Four people will be taken out of Hell-fire, and they will be shown to Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic" He will order that they be taken (back) to Hell-fire, so one of them will turn and say, '0 my Lord, I wished that if You took me out of it You would not return me to it,' Allah will say, 'So, We shall not return you to it.'" (Ahmad)

55

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Asking people about the worldly delight

43. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'The first thing about which one - meaning a servant (of Allah) - will be asked on the Day of Resurrection concerning the (worldly) delight is that it will be said to him, 'Did we not make your body well for you and

supply you with cold water?'" (At- Tirmidhi)

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Negligence in an action related to the Hereafter

44. Abu Hurayrah and Abu Said, may Allah be satisfied with them both, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'A servant (of Allah) will be

56

brought up on the Day of Resurrection and Allah will say to him, 'Did I not make for you (the sense of) hearing, (the sense of) sight, property, and children, subjugate cattle and well-tilled land for you, and let you be the head (of people) and get one fourth (of the spoils)? Did you think that you would meet Me on this Day?' He will say, 'No.' Allah will then say to him, 'Today I forget you as you forgot Me.'"

(At- Tirmidhi)

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57

The believers' seeing their Lord in the Hereafter

45. Abuz-Zubayr related that he heard -Iabir Ibn 'Abdullah, may Allah be satisfied with him, asking about the crossing (over Hell-fire). He said, "We come on the Day of Resurrection from such and such (a hill). (You can) see (that) this (will be) upon people." He said, "All nations will be called together with their idols and what they used to worship; the first then the second, (and so on). After that our Lord will come to us and say, 'Whom are you expecting?' They will say, 'We are expecting our Lord.' He will say, 'I am your Lord.' They will say, '(We shall not be sure) unless we see You.' He will then manifest Himself to them, smiling." He added, "He will go and they will follow Him and everyone of them - be he a believer or a hypocrite - will be given a light. Then they will follow Him. Upon the bridge of Hell-fire there will be hooks and thorns, which will capture whomever Allah wants. Then the light of hypocrites will be blown out and the believers will be saved. The faces of the first saved group will be like the moon on a full-moon night. (That group will) consist of seventy thousand (people), who will not be called to account (for their deeds). Those who will follow them will be like the brightest star in the sky, and so on. Then (the time of) intercession will be due, and they will intercede

58

until whoever said, 'There is no god but Allah' and had in his heart good as heavy as a grain of barely, will be taken out of Hell-fire. Next they will be brought in the yard of Paradise and the inhabitants of Paradise will be made to sprinkle water over them until they spring up as a thing (i.e., a plant) grows in a torrent, and (until) the effect of the burning is removed. After that (each one) will keep asking (for things) un til the world and ten time s as much as it is will be made for him." (Muslim and Ahmad)

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Some of Allah's Favors upon his Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

46. Ibn 'Abbas, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'I asked my Lord for something, and I wish I did not ask Him for it. I said, '0 my Lord, there were Messengers before me, and you subjugated the wind for some of them and some others raised the dead.'

59

He said, 'Did I not find you an orphan and gave you refuge? Did I not find you unaware (of the Qur'an, its legal laws, and Prophethood, etc.) and guided you? Did I not find you poor and made you rich (i.e., selfsufficient with self-contentment, etc.)? Did I not open your breast for you and remove from you your burden?' I said, 'Yes (You did), 0 my Lord,'"

(At- TabaranD

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47. 'A.'ishah, may Allah be satisfied with her, narrated, "I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying when he was amongst his Companions, 'I shall be at the Basin waiting for those who will come to me from among you. By Allah, surely certain men will be prevented from reaching me and I shall say, '0 my Lord, (they) belong to me and my Ummah,' He will say, 'You do not know what they did after you. They had been constantly turning back on their heels (i.e., getting away from their religion)."

(Muslim)

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48. Anas, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "One day while the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was amongst us, he fell asleep then (later) raised his head, smiling. We said, 'Why are you smiling, 0 Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'A verse was revealed to me a while ago.' Then he recited, 'In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. Verily, We have granted you Al-Kawthar. Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only). For he who makes you angry, will be cut off (from every good thing in this world and in the Hereafter).'» Then he added, 'Do you know what Alkawthar is?' We said, 'Allah and His Messenger

1 Qur'an: 108: 1-3,

61

know better.' He said, 'It is a river that my Lord, the Exalted in J\Iight and the Ever-Majestic, has promised to grant me; there is abundant good in it and it is a basin to which my Ummah will come on the Day of Resurrection; and its utensils are as many as stars. A servant (of Allah from among those who w ill try to come to that basin) will be pulled (away from it), and I will say, '0 my Lord, he is from my Ummah.' Allah will say, 'You do not know what it (your Umrnah.i innovated (in the religion) after you.'"

(Muslim and Abu Dawud)

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The superiority of Prophet Muhammad's Ummah

49. Abu Said Al-Khudri, may Allah he satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, '(Prophet) Nuh (Noah) win be brought up on the Day of Resurrection, and he will say, 'Here I am,

62

always at You service, and I obey Y OUf commands, 0 my Lord.' And He (Allah) will say, 'Did you convey (My message to your people)?' He will say, 'Yes, 0 my Lord.' Then it will be said to his nation, 'Did he convey (the message) to you?' They will say, 'No warner came to us.' Then He will say (to Nuh), 'Who will bear witness in favor of you?' He will say, '(Prophet) Muhammad and his Ummah.' (The latter) will testify that Nuh conveyed (the message), and the Messenger (Muhammad) will be a witness over you. That is (mentioned in the following) saying of Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic" 'Thus We have made you a just {and the best} nation, that you be witnesses over manhind and the Messenger (Muhammad) be a witness over you ... 'I"

(Al-Bukhari, At-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Majah)

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63

50. Abu Musa , may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'This Ummah will be gathered in three categories: (one) will enter Paradise without account, (one) will receive a light account then enter Paradise, and (one) will come with sins on their backs resembling firm mountains. Allah will ask (the angels) about them (the third category) though He knows best about them, saying, 'Who are these?' They will say, 'These are servants of Yours.' He will say, 'Put their (sins) down and deposit them (the sins) on Jews and Christians, and make them enter Paradise out of My Mercy.'" (AI- Hakim)

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51. Anas Ibn Malik, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Jibril (Gabriel) came to me with something like a white mirror in which there was a black spot. I said, '0 Jibril, what is this?' He said, 'Friday. Allah has made it a feast for you and your Ummah, for you are before Jews and Christians. And, on it (this day) there is an hour which whenever a servant (of Allah) coincides with while asking Allah for something good, He will grant him that (thing)." The Prophet said, "I said, 'What is this black spot?' He (Jibril) said, 'This is the Day of Resurrection, as it will start on Friday. And we call it "the Superfluity". The Prophet said, "I said, 'What is "the Day of the Superfluity"?' He said, 'Allah has made in Paradise a wide valley and made in it dunes of white musk. When it is Friday, He descends in it, so there have been placed therein stands made of gold for Prophets and chairs made of pearls for martyrs. The Houris! will descend from the Chambers and praise and glorify Allah. Allah then says, 'Clothe My servants,' and they are clothed; then He says, 'Feed My servants,' and they are fed; then

1 It is known in Arabic as "AI-Hur AI-'In" and refers to fair females with beautiful eyes. (Translator)

65

He says, 'Give (water) to My servants to drink,' and they are given (water) to drink; then He says, 'Perfume My servants,' and they are perfumed. Then He says, 'What do you want (besides this)?' They say, '0 our Lord, Your Satisfaction.' He says, '1 am satisfied with you.' Then He commands them to go off then the Houris ascend to the Chambers, and these consist of green emerald and red ruby." (Abu YaIa)

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52. 'Abdullah Ibn "Amr Ibnul-'A~, may Allah be sa tisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) recited the (following divine) saying of Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, about (Prophet) Ibrahim (Abraham), "0 my Lord! They have indeed led astray many among mankind.

66

But whoso follows me, he verily is of me ... "l (He also recited what Prophet) 'Is8. (Jesus), peace be upon him, said (as follows), "If You punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, verily You, only You are the All-Mighty, the All- Wise."2 Then he (PBUH) raised his hands and said, "0 Allah! My Ummah, my Ummah!" then he wept. Thereupon Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, said, "0 -Iibril, go to Muhammad and ask him why he is weeping," though the Lord knows best. Jibril, peace be upon him, came down to him and the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) told him what he had said, though He knows best. Allah said, "0 Jibril, go to Muhammad and say (to him that) \Ve shall make him satisfied as regards his Ummah and (that) We shall not disappoint him." (Muslim)

1 Qur'an: 14: 36. 2 Qur'an: 5: 118.

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53. Malik Ibn Sa 'sa' ah said, "The Prophet (PBUH) said ... and he mentioned the hadith. about the Ascent (to heavens), and it contains (the following): "Then fifty prayers were prescribed on me. After that I went away until I passed by Musa (Moses), who said, 'What have you done?' I said, 'Fifty prayers have been prescribed on me.' He said, 'I know about people better than you do, (for) 1 tried my best with the Children of Israel. Your Ummah will not endure (this), so go back to your Lord and ask Him (to alleviate it).' I went back and asked Him and He made them forty (prayers). The same thing (was repeated) then (He made them) thirty, then the same thing (was repeated) and He made them twenty, then the same thing (was repeated) and He made them ten. Then I came to M usa and he said similar (words) and He made them five. 1 then came to Musa and he said, 'What have you done?' 1 said, 'He has made them five.' He said similar (words) and 1 saluted (him). Then it was cried out (to me), 'I have concluded My obligation and alleviated (it) for My servants, and 1 (shall) give (whoever does) a good deed a reward ten times (the like thereof to his crcdit).'" (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

68

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54. Ibn 'Abbas, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Quraysh said to the Prophet (PBUH), 'Call your Lord to turn A§-Safa (mount) into gold and we shall believe in you.' He said, 'Will you (really) do?' and they answered in the affirmative. He called (his Lord) then J ibril came down to him and said, 'Your Lord salutes you and says, 'If you want, AsSafa will be turned into gold for them, but whoever among them disbelieves after that I will torture him with torment I have never tortured anyone in the worlds with. And, if you want, I will open to them the gate to repentance and mercy'.' He said, 'No, (let it be) the gate to repentance and mercy.'" (Ahmad)

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55, "Ubadah Ibnug-Samit, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Prophet (PBUH) did not meet his Companions (for some time), and they used to have him with them whenever they stayed at any place. Thus, they worried and thought that Allah, Blessed and Glorified be He, had chosen companions for him other than them, Unexpectedly, they saw the shadow of the Prophet (PBUH), so they said, 'AllfthCt akbar (Allah is the Greatest),' (expressing their happiness) when they saw him and said, '0 Messenger of Allah, we were afraid that Allah, Blessed and Glorified be He, had chosen for you other companions.' The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'No, you are my Companions in this world and in the Hereafter. Almighty Allah woke me up and said, '0 Muhammad, I have not sent a Prophet or a Messenger but he asked Me a request, which I granted him. So, ask and you will be given (what you will ask for),' I said, 'My request is to (let me) intercede for my Ummah on the Day of Resurrection.' Abu Bakr said, '0 Messenger of Allah, and what is

70

intercession?' He said, 'I would say, '0 my Lord, (grant me) my intercession which I have kept with You,' and the Lord, Blessed and Glorified be He, would say, 'Yes,' and (after that) my Lord would take the rest of my Ummah out of Hell-fire and cast (i.e., admit) them to Paradise.'" (Ahmad)

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The hadith of the Ascent (to heavens) and the prescription of prayers

56. Anas Ibn Malik, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The Buraq was brought to me. It is a white tan animal, bigger than a donkey and smaller than a mule, and it puts its step at the reach of its sight." He said, "I mounted it until I reached Jerusalem." He said, "I tied it to the ring to which Prophets used to tie (their mounts)." He said, "Then I entered the mosque and performed two rahahe therein. Then I went out and J'ibril (Gabriel), peace be upon him, brought me a utensil containing khamr and another containing milk. I chose (that of) milk. Jibril said, 'You have chosen the [iirali (Islam and good natural disposition). After that we were made to ascend to the (first) heaven ... " Then the Prophet mentioned (the rest of) the hadUh, and (among what) he said (was the following), "I kept going up and down between my Lord, Blessed and Glorified be He, and (Prophet) Musa (Moses), peace be upon him, until He (Allah) said, '0 Muhammad, surely they are (to be) five prayers every day and (its) night, and every prayer is (equal to) ten (prayers); this makes fifty prayers. Besides, whoever intends to do a good deed and does not do it will have it recorded for him as one good deed; and if he does it, it will be recorded

72

for him as ten (good deeds). And whoever intends to do a bad deed and does not do it, it will not be recorded as anything (bad); and if he does it, it will be recorded as one bad deed.'" The Prophet added, "I went down until I reached Musa (PBUH), who said, 'Go back to your Lord and ask Him to alleviate (the prescribed prayers more than that)." The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "I said, 'I went back to my Lord (so much) that I (now) feel shy of Him.'"

(Muslim and Al-Bukhari)

According to the hadith narrated by Abu Dharr, may Allah be satisfied with him, the Prophet (PBUH) related that Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, said, "They are (to be) fifty-five '. The saying that comes from Me cannot be changed."

(Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

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The day of'Arafah2 on which Allah praises pilgrims

57. 'A'ishah, may Allah be satisfied with her, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,

1 i.e., five in terms of performance and fifty in terms of the reward specified for them. (Translator)

2 The ninth of the month of Dhul-Hijjah. (Translator)

73

"There is not day on which Allah emancipates more of His servants from Hell-fire than on the day of .. Arafah. He approaches (them) and shows His being proud of them (i. e., praises them) to the angels and says, 'What do these (people) want?'" (Muslim)

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58. -Iabir Ibn 'Abdullah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "There are no better days in the sight of Allah than the (first) ten days of Dhul-Hijjah.' A man said, '0 Messenger of Allah, are these days better (than all the other days in general) or (is it better to spend) the same number of days in fighting in Allah's Cause?' He said, 'They are better than (spending) the same number of days in fighting in Allah's Cause. And there is no better day in the sight of Allah than the day of'Arafah when Allah, Blessed and Glorified be He, descends to the nearest heaven and shows His

74

being proud of the inhabitants of the earth to the inhabitants of heavens, saying, 'Look at My servants. They have come disheveled and dusty to perform pilgrimage. They have come from every deep and distant (wide) mountain highway, wishing for My Mercy, and they have not seen My torment.' (By virtue of that,) there is no more emancipation (of people) from Hell-fire (on any day) that on the day

of 'Arafah.'" (Ibn Hibbiin)

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The virtue of Fasting

59. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Allah said, 'All the deeds of a son of Adam are for himself except Fasting, which is for Me and I reward for it (as much as I wish).'"

(Al- B ukhar'i and Muslim)

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75

The superiority of a person who keeps patient when his intimate friend dies

60. Abu Umarnah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, "Allah, Glorified be He, says, '0 son of Adam, if you keep patient and hope for (My) reward on the first shock (of any calamity), I will not be satisfied with any reward (for that) except Paradise."'(Ibn Majah)

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61. Abu Mus§. Al-Ashari, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "If the child of a servant (of Allah) dies, Allah says to His angels, 'Have you taken away (the soul of) the child of My servant?' They say , 'Yes.' Then He says, 'Have you taken away the fruit of his heart?' They say, 'Yes.' Then He says, 'What has My servant said?' The angels says, 'He has praised You and said, 'We belong to Allah and to Him is our return'. Thereupon Allah says, 'Build for My servant a house in Paradise and name it, 'The House of Praise.'" (At- Tirmidhi and Ibn Hibban)

76

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Encouraging Muslims to give in charity

62. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Allah said, 'Spend (in charity), 0 son of Adam, and I shall spend on you.'" (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

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63. "Adiyy Ibn Hit tim, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, ' ... (Each) one of you will stand before Allah where there will be neither a screen nor an interpreter (i.e., a mediator) between Him and you, then He will say to him, 'Did I not give you property?' He will say, 'Yes, (You did).' Then He will say, 'Did I not send you a Messenger?' He will say, 'Yes, (You did).' Then he will look on his right side and see nothing but Hellfire, then he will look on his left side and see nothing

77

but Hell-fire. Therefore, let (every) one of you protect himself from He 11- Fire even by (giving) a half of a date (in charity); and if he does not find (that), so (let it be) with a good word.'" (Al-Bukhari)

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The virtue of performing ablution at night

64. "Uqbah Ibn 'Amir, may Allah be satisfied with him, said, "Today I am not going to say any thing that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) did not say. I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, 'Let him who lies to me intentionally occupy a house in Hell.' And I heard him saying, 'A man from my Ummah would fight against (the desire of sleeping that would be boiling over) him during the night to (get up and) purify himself (i.e., perform ablution),

78

while there would he knots (knotted by Satan) on him. When he washes his hands (in ablution), one knot is unfastened; when he washes his face, one knot is unfastened; and when he rubs (water over) his head, one knot is unfastened; and when he washes his legs, one knot is unfastened. Then Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, would say to those who would be behind a screen, 'Look at this servant of Mine. He fights against his (desires) and asks Me (for things in his invocation and prayer). My servant will have whatever he asks for.'"

(Ibn Hibban and Ahmad)

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Invoking Allah and performing prayer

at the end of the night

65. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Our Lord, Blessed and Glorified be He, descends every night to the nearest heaven when there remains the last third of the night. He says, 'Who will invoke Me and I (may) respond to him?

79

Who will ask Me (for something) and I (may) give (it to) him? Who will ask Me to forgive him and I (may) forgive him?" (Al-Bukhari, Muslim, and others)

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Allah rejoices at two men

66. Ibn Masud, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, "Our Lord, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, rejoices at two men: one of them casts his bedspread and covers off and leaves his wife and his beloved people to perform prayer. So, Allah says to his angels, '0 My angels, look at My servant who has cast his bedspread and covers and left his beloved people and his wife to perform his prayer longing for (the reward) that I have (for those who obey Me) and

80

fearing (the punishment) that I have (for those who disobey Me). And (the other man is) a man who goes on an invasion in the Cause of Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, (with others) and they are defeated. He envisions what (punishment) he will receive if he flees and what (reward) he will receive if he returns (to fight again). Thus, he returns (and fights) until his blood is shed, longing for (the reward) that Allah has and fearing (the punishment) that He has.' Then Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, says to His angels, 'Look at My servant who has returned (to the battle), longing for (the reward) that I have and fearing (the punishment) that I have, until his blood has

been shed.'" (Ahmad and Abu Dawud)

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The virtue of voluntary acts of worship

67. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The first thing for which a servant (of Allah) will be called for account on the Day of Resurrection is Prayer. If he performs it completely, (it will be

81

reco-rded as perfectly performed), otherwise Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, will say (to His angels), 'See if My servant performed any voluntary (prayers).' If there are any voluntary (prayers that he performed), He will say, 'Complete with them (what he did not perform of) the obligatory (prayers)?" (An-Nasa'i)

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The virtue of calling for prayer

68. "Uqbah Ibn 'Amir, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, 'Your Lord rejoices at a shepherd who calls for prayer on the top of a hill on a mountain and performs prayer (there). Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, says, 'Look at this servant of Mine. He calls for prayer and performs it out of fearing Me. I have forgiven My servant and admi tted him to Paradise. '"

(Abu Dawud and An-Nasa'i)

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The virtue of the Fajr Prayer and the 'A~r Prayer

69. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "(Certain) angels visit you throughout the night and (certain) angels throughout daytime, (each group) in succession. They (all) gather together during the Fajr Prayer and the 'A~r Prayer. Then those who have spent the night among you ascend (to heavens) and He (Allah) asks them, though He knows best about them, 'In what condition did you leave My servants?' They say, 'We left them when they were performing prayer, and they were performing prayer (as well) when we visited them (first)."

(Al- B ukhari and Muslim)

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Staying at the mosque between the Maghrib Prayer and the "Lslui' Prayer

70. 'Abdullah Ibn "Amr, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "We performed the Maghrib Prayer with the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) then some people returned (home) and some others remained (at the mosque). Then the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) came quickly short of breath and his knees were uncovered. He said, 'Have good news! Your Lord has opened a gate from the gates of heaven to show to the angels how proud of you He is. He says, 'Look at My servants. They have already performed an obligatory (prayer) and are waiting for another.'" (Ibn Majah and Ahmad)

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A refuge at the beginning of the day

71. Naim Ibn Hammar Al-Ghatafani, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that he heard the 84

Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, "Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, said, '0 son of Adam, do not (let anything make you) fail to (perform) four rahahe at the beginning of the day, and I shall suffice you at the end of it.'"

(Ahmad, Abu Dawud, and Ibn Hibban)

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One of the treasures of Paradise

72. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "May I teach you ... " or he said "May I guide you to a word (that comes) from under the Throne (and it is) a treasure from Paradise? (It is to) say, 'La hawla toa-lti quwwata illii bi-ll/ih. (There is neither might nor power except with Allah).' Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, would say then, 'My servant has declared his being a (true) Muslim and

(his) submission (to Me)." (Al-Hakim)

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When a son asks Allah to forgive

his parents

73. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'Indeed, Allah, the Exalted in Might and the EverMajestic, would raise a righteous servant one degree in Paradise and he would say, '0 My Lord, by (virtue of) what have I got this (degree)?' Allah would then say, 'Because your son has asked (Me) to forgive you.'" (Ahmad)

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Not mentioning Allah's Name on provisions

74. Ibn 'Abbas, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, 'Iblis (Satan) said, '0 my Lord, You have made provision and livelih rod for all Your creatures, so what is mine?' Allal. said, '(You have no access to their provision)

86

unless the N arne of Allah is not pronounced on it.'" (Abu Nuaym)

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The first thing Allah created

75. "Ubadah Ibnug-Samit, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, 'The first thing Allah created was the pen. He said to it, 'Write!' It said, '0 my Lord, what should I write?' He said, 'Write the destinies of all things until the Hour (i.e., the Day of Resurrection) is due.'" (Abu Dawud and Ahmad)

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Allah's saying to Adam, "Your Lord (will) have mercy on you."

76. Anas Ibn Malik, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) 87

said, "When Allah breathed the soul into Adam and the soul reached his head, he sneezed. Thereupon he said, '(All) the praises be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.' Allah, Blessed and Glorified be He, said, 'Your Lord (will) have mercy on you.'" (Ibn Hibban)

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The salutation of Muslims

77. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Allah created Adam on his image, (making him) sixty cubits tall. When he (finished) creating him, He said, 'Go and salute those - meaning a group of angels sitting - and listen how they will answer the salutation, for it will be your salutation and the salutation of your descendants,' Adam said, 'As-sfllflmu "altiyhurn. (Peace be upon you!)' They said, 'As-saliimu. 'alaykum wa rahrnatu-lliih. (Peace and Allah', Mercy be upon you!)' thus adding "wa rahm itu-lliih. (and Allah's Mercy)" (to his salutation). Anv person who will enter Paradise will be like

88

Adam in image. And creatures have been decreasing (in height) after him up till now."

(Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

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The story of Musa (Moses) with the Angel of Death

78. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The Angel of Death came to Musa, peace be upon him, and said to him, 'Respond to (the call) of your Lord.' Musa struck the eye of the Angel of Death and knocked it out. The Angel went back to Almighty Allah and said, 'You sent me to a servant

89

of Yours who does not like to die and he knocked out my eye.' Allah restored his eye (to its place) and said, 'Go to My servant and say, 'Is it life that you want? If it is life that you want, place your hand on the body of an ox and you will live for (a number of) years equal to (the number of) the hair your hand covers.' (The angel said that to Mus§. and) he said, 'What, then?' He (the angel) said, 'Then you will die,' He (Musa) said, 'Let it be now.' (Then Musa invoked Allah, saying.) '0 my Lord, make me die (as close) to the sacred land (as the distance caused by) throwing a stone (is)!" The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'Had I been near that place, I would have shown you his grave by the side of the path at the red mound."

(Muslim and Al-Bukhari)

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Allah's Favor upon His Prophet Ayyfib (Job)

79. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Once while Ayyub was taking a bath, naked, a great number of gold locusts started falling upon him and he started collecting them in his clothes. His Lord called him, saying, '0 Ayyub, did I not make

90

you rich enough more than what you are seeing (now)?' He said, 'Yes, 0 my Lord, (You did.) but I cannot do without Your blessings.'"

(AI-Bukhiiri and An-Nasa'!)

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A form of satanic insinuation

80. Anas Ibn Malik, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Allah, the Exalted in Might and the EverMajestic, said, 'Your Ummah will keep saying, 'What is this, what is this? until they say, 'Allah created the creation, but who created Allah?'" (Muslim)

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91

Asking Allah to send blessings on the Prophet (PBUH)

81. "Abdur-Rahman Ibn "Awf, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "Once the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) went out and I followed him until he entered (a patch of) palm trees. He prostrated (there) for so long time that I became afraid that Allah might have taken his soul. I came (close) to check (him) but he raised his head and said, 'What is it, 0 "Abdur-Rahman?' I told him that (which had befallen me) and he said, 'Jibril, peace be upon him, said to me, 'May I give you glad tidings? Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, says to you, 'Whoever (asks Me to) send blessings on you, I shall send blessings on him; and whoever (asks Me to) send peace on you, I shall send peace on him.'"

(Ahmad, Al-Bayhaqi, and Abu Yala)

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Enjoining the right and forbidding

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82. Abu Said Al-Khudri, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "I heard the Messenger of Allah

92

(PBUH) saying, 'Allah will surely question a servant (of His) on the Day of Resurrection until He says, 'What did prevent you from forbidding the wrong when you saw it?' When Allah lets a servant know the proof (of the wrong he committed), he would say, '0 my Lord, I wished for Your (reward) and kept away from people.'" (Ibn Majah and Ibn Hibban)

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The virtue of the opening (chapter) of the Book!

83. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,

1 i.e., the Chapter of Al-F'atihah, the first chapter in the Qur'an. (Translator)

93

"Almighty Allah said, 'I have divided Prayer between Me and My servant into two halves and My servant will receive what he asks for. When the servant says, '(All) the praises be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds,' Allah says, 'My servant has praised Me.' And when he says, 'The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.' Allah, says, 'My servant has lauded Me.' And when he says, 'The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e., the Day of Resurrection),' Allah says, 'My servant has glorified Me.' - And once (the narrator) said (that Allah said (in this very regard,) 'My servant has committed (his will) to Me.' - And when he says, 'You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and every thing).' Allah says, 'This is (divided) between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for.' And when the servant says, 'Guide us to the Straight Way, the Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger (such as Jews), nor of those who went astray (such as Christians),' Allah says, 'This is for My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for.'" (Muslim)

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The prohibition of severing ties of kinship

84. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, "Allah created the creation, and when He finished it, the rahim (ties of kinship) said, 'Here I seek refuge with You from being severed.' He said, 'Will you be sa tisfiecl if I favor whoever keeps your ties and withhold My Favors from whoever severs your ties?' It said, 'Yes, 0 my Lord.' Then Allah said, 'So that is for you.'" The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) added, "Recite if you wish, 'Would you then, if you were given the authority, do mischief in the land, and sever your ties of kinship?"'l (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

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The prohibition of cursing time

85. Abu Hurayrah narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'Allah, the Exalted in Might and

1 Qur'{m: 47: 22.

95

the Ever-Majestic, said, 'Son of Adam annoys Me: he curses time and I am (the determiner of) time (and what happens during it); (all) affairs are in My Hand, (and) I alternate night and day.'"

(Muslim, Abu Dawud, and An-Nasa'i)

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The prohibition of arrogance

86. Abu Said Al-Khudri, may Allah be satisfied with him, and Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'Might is His wrapper and grandeur is His garment." (Allah says.) 'Therefore, I shall torture whoever contends with Me concerning them-."

(Muslim, Ibn Majah, and Abu Dawud)

1 i.e., might and grandeur are as close and attached to Allah as one's wrapper and garment are close to one's body. And, Allah knows best. (Translator)

2 i.e., by being arrogant, haughty, and the like. (Translator)

96

The punishment of harboring hostility

87. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said. 'The gates of Paradise are opened on every Monday and Thursday.'" Marnar said, "(Narrators) other than Suhayl said (that the Prophet said), 'And deeds are displayed (before Allah) on every Monday and Thursday, and Allah, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, forgives every servant (of His) who does not associate anything with Him (in worship) except for two persons who harbor enmity against each other. Allah says to the angels, 'Leave these two until they reconcile.'" (Ahmad)

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Good deeds carried out in health are recorded as the same in illness

88. "Uqbah Ibn 'Amir, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "There is no deed done on a day but is sealed. So, if a believer becomes ill, the angels say, '0 our Lord, You have confined Your servant so and so (through illness).' The Lord, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, says, 'Seal for him his same deeds until he recuperates or dies.'" (Ahmad)

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Keeping patient and hoping for reward on losing sight

89. Ibn 'Abbas, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, 'Allah, Blessed and Glorified be He, says, 'If I take the two honorable (organs) of My servant (i.e., his two eyes) but he keeps patient and hopes for (My) reward, I will not be satisfied with any reward (for that) except Paradise.'" (Ibn Hibban)

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The virtue of poverty

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Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, says to whomever He wants from among His angels, 'Go to them and salute them.' The angels say, 'We are the inhabitants of Your heavens and the elite among Your creation. So, (in spite of this), do You command us to go to these (people) to salute them?' He says, 'They were servants who used to worship Me (Alone), associating nothing with Me. (Besides), openings were blocked with them, hardships were avoided through them, and the one of them would die with a need remaining in his heart while not being able to fulfill it.'" He (the Prophet) said, "Thereupon the angels come to them, entering to them from every gate (with the salutation) 'Peace be upon you, for that you persevered in patience! Excellent indeed is the final horne!" (Ahmad)

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One of the major signs of the Hour-'

91. Abu Dharr, may Allah be satisfied with him, narrated, "Once I was with the Prophet (PBUH) (riding) a donkey on which there was a saddle or a (piece of) velvet. That was at sunset. He said to me, '0 Abu Dharr, do you know where this (sun) sets?' I said, 'Allah and His Messenger know better.' He said, 'It sets in a spring of murky water, (then) it goes and prostrates before its Lord, the Exalted in Might and the Ever-Majestic, under the Throne. And when it is time to go out, Allah allows it to go out and thus it rises. But, when He wants to make it rise where it sets, He locks it up. The sun will then say, '0 my Lord, I have a long distance to Tun.' Allah will say, 'Rise where you have set.' That (will take place) when no (disbelieving) soul will get any good by believing then.'" (Ahmad)

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1 i.e., of the Day of Resurrection. (Translator) 101