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54, Makiling, Calamba City, Laguna The Impact of Social Networking Sites to the Academic Performance of the College Students of Lyceum of the Philippines – Laguna
Presented To: Mr. Jonathan Roque Faculty of College of Arts and Sciences In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Subject Communication Arts II (ENGN02A)
Presented by: Averion, Mary Elaine M. Abad, Joan Z. Judalena, Kevin John M (IT 2-2) SEPTEMBER 2010
S. . The development of what was known to mankind today as Internet is one of the most successful attempts to improve the communication framework. are globally observable. and warfare. transportation. economics. Unlike in the past. these changes are not confined to a certain nation or country only. Different gadgets and tools to suffice the wants and to help ease the difficulties encountered by man in his daily existence have been invented and are constantly developed. Extensive researches have been done to improve this indispensable field. Many people regard the ARPANET as the precursor of the Internet (Microsoft Encarta 2008). including a network known as ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network). but rather. to the whole human population. education. the U. to name a few. Uses of the networks were restricted to military personnel and the researchers who developed the technology.CHAPTER 1 PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING INTRODUCTION The emergence of new technologies and the fast-paced technological advancements marked the beginning of the 21st century. The history of Internet could be traced back to 1960’s. Before the Internet was created. Effects of these technologies in the fields of medicine. Information superhighway is undoubtedly one of the most developed fields. communication. military had developed and deployed communications networks.
to disagree. new knowledge. As the statement “No man is an island” implies. D. Through the endless possibilities of the evolving information superhighway. By the end of 2000.D. to create new art. advertising. Web traffic dominated the Internet—more than 80 percent of all traffic on the Internet came from the Web (Microsoft Encarta 2008). C. We cannot isolate ourselves from the rest of the world. The Web replaced file transfer as the application used for most Internet traffic. to debate. and corporate propaganda. Many of those drawn into this world find themselves exploring a freedom never before imagined: to indulge their curiosity. This move coincided with the growth in popularity of the World Wide Web (WWW).S. The Web consists of programs running on many computers that allow a user to find and display multimedia documents Many analysts attribute the explosion in use and popularity of the Internet to the visual nature of Web documents. Searls. and Weinberge.From the 1970s until the late 1980s the Internet was a U. it is natural. to laugh at themselves. people are social beings by nature. By 1995. Locke.. the Internet was privatized and commercial use was permitted. we find . Rather. We constantly seek for a means to communicate with what surrounds us. most especially our fellow human beings. which was developed by British physicist and computer scientist Timothy Berners-Lee. Unlike the lockstep conformity imposed by television. government-funded communication and research tool restricted almost exclusively to academic and military uses. to compare visions. (2000) described Internet as primarily a place in which all participants are audience to each other and entertainment is not packaged. Internet has given new authority and free rein to play. to learn. The Internet is the highway system over which Web traffic and traffic from other applications move.
Social network sites are web-based services that allow individuals to (1) construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system. Thus. only some years after the advent of the Internet. online social networks have met public and commercial success. beginning in 1998. Through electronic mails. Truly. surf the Friends lists. Our world has evolved many ways of making decisions simply because we have many ways of being socially together. People find ways to utilize the available resources. In casual conversations. social networking sites (SNS) became influential in the 21st century. and Skype were also developed to allow users to communicate with someone near or far via chat. Each of these features existed in some form before . SixDegrees.com allowed users to create profiles. Instant messaging applications such as Yahoo Messenger. SixDegrees. Google Talk. list their Friends and.ourselves enmesh in the web of modernization. At the most basic level. often through profiles that represent their selves and their networks of connections to others. and to develop it further to meet the need to interact. Yahoo Messenger ID. instead of asking the basic information about a person such as home address or complete name. we would commonly hear people asking for the person’s SNS email address. In the definition of Boyd & Ellison (2007). and (3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system. an online social network is an Internet community where individuals interact. we send messages to other people. (2) articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection.com experience in 1997 to 2000 was considered one of the first manifestations of SNS that people use today. or rather.
Based on a study released by Universal McCann entitled “Power to the People Wave3″ on 2008. hundreds of networks have branched online due to its considerable audience (Boyd & Ellison. Since the advent of social networking sites (SNS) here in the Philippines. Classmates.SixDegrees. After its short-term success. many companies nowadays offer hundreds of affordable products and services to support the advancement of technologies for the masses. Facebook. The study declared the Philippines as “the social networking capital of the world. Unlike in the past when only a small portion of Philippine’s population could afford to buy gadgets such as computers. The acceptance of SNS in the Philippines could be attributed to the friendliness of the Filipino and the modernization of technological tools widely available for usage here. of course. SixDegrees was the first to merge these features. They are also regarded as the top photo uploaders and web . AIM and ICQ buddy lists supported lists of Friends which those Friends were not visible to others. but users could not create profiles or list Friends until years later. It has been a part of the Filipinos’ daily routine. There were thousands of computer shops or internet cafes spawning nationwide. 2007).” with 83 percent of Filipinos surveyed are members of a social network. Profiles existed on most major dating sites and many community sites. SNS usage has been widely accepted by a number of Filipino populations. and Multiply are increasingly popular in the Philippines.com allowed people to affiliate with their high school or college and surf the network for others who were also affiliated. particularly near schools and public places. social networking sites (SNS) such as Friendster.
while they are second when it comes to the number of blog readers and video uploaders. reaching a total of 240. while competing brands commanded the top position in certain markets. . 2010). CyWorld in South Korea and Wretch.5 hours per visitor in February.cc in Taiwan.6 percent penetration).3 million visitors (comScore.6 percent penetration) and Indonesia (88.com ranked as the top social network across the majority of individual markets in the region. 2010). Internet users in the Asia-Pacific region averaged 2. In February 2010.5 hours on social networking sites during the month and visited the category an average of 15 times (comScore. excluding visitations from public computers such as Internet cafes or access from mobile phones or PDAs in the AsiaPacific region visited a social networking site in February 2010.jp in Japan. There was also a report released by comScore. 2010). Inc. (NASDAQ: SCOR) regarding the social networking activity in the Asia-Pacific region (excluding China) based on data from its World Metrix service on April 2010. with visitors frequenting the social networking category an average of 26 times during the month (comScore. Facebook. the Philippines showed the highest penetration of social networking usage with more than 90 percent of its entire Web population visiting a social networking site during the month. Approximately 51% percent of the total online population of ages 15 and up at home and work. including Orkut in India. Mixi.video viewers. Social networkers in the Philippines also showed the highest level of engagement on social networking sites averaging 5. followed by Australia (89. Across markets.
gender 2. the researchers intend to answer the following questions: 1. academic year level or occupation c. Since the students are mostly involved with these online interactions. How many hours in average does a student spend in social networking sites? . especially to the population who are mostly involved with these sites.RATIONALE Like almost all technologies. What are the profiles of the respondents in terms of their: a. What are the mostly used social networking sites (SNS) in LPU – Laguna? 3. it is important to determine if these sites are beneficial or detrimental to the class performance of a student.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM In this study. Why does an individual register to social networking sites? 4. age b. there are also drawbacks in using SNS. the youth. 1. particularly the students. Academic performance was one of the key factors to the success of an individual’s educational attainment.
What are the negative impacts of SNS to the academic performance of students? 8. particularly the students. What are the existing resolutions done in LPU – Laguna to control the SNS usage? 10. in the responsible usage of these sites. Considering the negative impacts. How can exposure to SNS in terms of the average hours affect the individual academic performance? 6. school faculties such as guidance counselors. Guidance counselors would be aware of the nature of SNS and how these sites could . and school network administrators would be enlightened of the impacts of these SNS and how these sites could be helpful and somehow detrimental to the academic welfare of the students. Moreover. what could be possibly done to resolve SNS issues? SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The academic performance of students could either be affected or unaffected by these advancements of social networking sites directly or indirectly. and the status of the country’s future professional in terms of their educational careers. Through this research study. instructors. Are the students aware of these negative impacts? 9. What are the academic benefits of SNS to the students? 7. the researchers intend to guide the SNS users. Present academic performance is necessary to determine in order to address the issues of the gaps between learning and socializing.5.
Instructors. By using the statistical methods and analysis. could be given insight of the capabilities of SNS for more effective communication between students and instructors. By doing so. this research project could guide them in developing the restriction policies applied on the computer networks in the school premises.affect the behaviors and attitudes of students in the school premises. influence the academic performance of the students. several works related to the subject matter were also cited and analyzed. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY This study aims to determine how social networking sites. For school network administrators. Through surveys and other applicable research methods. through this study. the researchers focused this study to the college students of Lyceum of the Philippines University (Laguna). the group intends to weigh the positive and negative influences of social networking sites based on the existing studies conducted. In addition to that. To aid the researchers in substantiating the facts that were presented here. Since Lyceum of the Philippines Laguna is one of the academic institutions in Region IV that continuously supports and studies the advent of Information superhighway. the researchers also aim to analyze the data and the evidences thoroughly and impartially. this research study conducted by the group could serve as a reference for studies that would be conducted in the future. particularly Facebook and Friendster. . the group aims to arrive at a conclusion based on the gathered data.
as well as individual opinions to certain issues like laws concerning the cyberculture and other related information prior to the study like educational level or status. The study is only limited to the current students and instructors of Lyceum of the Philippines University – Laguna since the familiarity of the researchers to the said population was broader compared to the student populations of other universities and colleges. That is. This is mainly because some of the students have multiple accounts from various SNS. The study consisted of information related to respondent’s social interaction and security. The sample population includes the network of friends of each of the researchers in each of their account in Facebook. Students. that are currently directly related to Lyceum of the Philippines – Laguna were tagged in each of the researchers survey post. especially those data that are gathered from tagged survey posts. namely Facebook. Present Lycean instructors and students are the focus of the studies because the group aims to gather current and up-to-date data from the sample population.SCOPES AND DELIMITATIONS Because there are thousands of SNS in the Philippines nowadays. as well as instructors. To . it would be arduous for the researchers to gather data and information from unfamiliar samples. Including other networking sites in the scope of the study would cause inconsistencies in the data. The problem that may possibly rise with this research study is the openness of the questionnaire to non-Lycean students and other Facebook users. This would cause multiple responses from an individual if they would be tagged on two or more surveys. this research study is primarily focused on the top social networking site in the country.
avoid this inconsistency. A Access location – the place wherein a student commonly access the social networking sites . of hours used access location number of friends network restrictions Virtual Socialization Process Reasons for participation DEPENDENT VARIABLES Educational Benefits Privacy and Security Issues SNS Sites Exposure SNS usage ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS Figure 1. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK INDEPENDENT VARIABLES gender college year level no.1. Conceptual Framework 1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS The following terms are used in this research study. the researchers agree to consider only the responses from Lyceans.
a game on Facebook. installed through a Facebook application which lets users manage and maintain a farm. In the scope of the study.AOL Instant Messenger (AIM) ..a social networking website launched in February 2004 that is operated and privately owned by Facebook. and military sites C College year level . . Inc.identity taken on by Internet user. a false identity assumed by somebody in an Internet chat room or in interactive Internet role-play Cyberstalking – a form of stalking using the Internet F Facebook . government. with more than 500 million active users in July 2010 Farmtown .S. Cyberculture .early wide area network.The level of education that college students are assumed to have attained. it can either assume the values from first to fourth. business. ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) . or possibly irregular. a wide area computer network of the late 1960s linking U.an instant messaging and presence computer program which uses the proprietary OSCAR instant messaging protocol and the TOC protocol to allow registered users to communicate in real time. academic.the culture that emerges from the use of computers for communication and entertainment and business Cyberself .
global computer network: a network that links computer networks all over the world by satellite and telephone.FarmVille . which provides text messaging and voice calling.is a social networking website founded by computer programmers Jonathan Abrams and Cris Emmanuel in 2002 in Mountain View. Facebook. I Information superhighway . Instant Messaging .Google's instant messaging (IM) service. private networks.a real-time farm simulation game developed by Zynga available as an application on the social networking website Facebook Friendster .worldwide information network: the worldwide computer network that includes the Internet. and text. launch and adoption of MySpace. a system for real-time text messaging on the Internet Internet . video. and proprietary online services. LinkedIn and others G Gender – an independent variable which can either be male or female Google Talk . It permits the rapid sending of many different forms of data.Internet text messaging. connecting users with service networks such as e-mail and the World Wide Web . including voice. It provides a link to the user's Gmail account as well as displays the number of unread messages in the inbox. California before the creation.
Multimedia documents .Free voice over internet protocol (VOIP) service that allows users to communicate across an internet connection by combining voice. debate. S SixDegrees.a social networking service with an emphasis on allowing users to share media such as photos. and instant messaging. graphics.places on the Internet where people meet in cyberspace to chat. and video. and network. audio. . socialize.documents that contain a combination of text. video. photographs. videos and blog entries with their "real-world" network.a social network service website that lasted from 1997 to 2001 and was based on the Web of Contacts model of social networking Skype . Multiply .Com . N Network restriction .a social networking website which has became the most popular social networking site in the United States in June 2006.M Myspace .an authority to control access to areas and resources in a given physical facility or computer-based information system. Social Networking Sites .
Yahoo!'s instant messaging (IM) service. The IM client includes Internet radio and the regular phone calling at rates as low as one cent per minute. manipulating. and downloading a very large set of hypertext-linked documents and other files located on computers connected through the Internet Y Yahoo! Messenger . voice calling and file sharing. Youtube – a video-sharing Internet venture owned by Google .V Virtual Socialization Process – the social interaction of an individual or groups of individual in a cyberworld.Internet-connected files: a system for accessing. W WWW (World Wide Web) . which includes text messaging.
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