Introduction to Basic Cabinetmaking using Pocket-Screw Joinery

Copyright 2005 Mark Duginske

Table of Contents
Welcome Woodworkers! This booklet is designed to provide you with the basic fundamentals needed to create your own custom cabinets for the home, shop or office. Although we’ve tried to make this booklet as comprehensive as possible, there are some areas that we felt were beyond the scope of this booklet and were skimmed over. Look for more detailed information on cabinetmaking from me in the near future as I finish a cabinetmaking book. In addition, if you have any questions or suggestions regarding the content of this booklet, feel free to contact me at markd@dwave.net or write to Mark Duginske, P.O. Box 406, Merrill, WI 54452. Sincerely, Mark Duginske

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction to Cabinetmaking .................................................................... 3-4 Face Frames Explained ................................................................................. 5-6 Hardware Recommendations ....................................................................... 7 Pocket Hole Joinery Fundamentals ............................................................. 8-10 Pocket Hole Joinery Applications ................................................................ 11-12 Stock Preparation .......................................................................................... 13-15 Building a Single 15” Cabinet Cabinet Overview.................................................................................... 16-24 Assembly................................................................................................. 25-26 Adding a Countertop ............................................................................... 27-29 Making the Drawer .................................................................................. 30-33 Making the Door...................................................................................... 34-36 Wall Cabinet Overview............................................................................ 37-38 About the Author............................................................................................ 39

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Introduction to Cabinetmaking
Cabinetmaking Simplified
Every year professional and amateur woodworkers build thousands of cabinets. One of the biggest misconceptions about building cabinets is that you need a shop full of expensive machinery to achieve professional results. On the contrary, cabinets are actually quite simple constructions that with a few well-designed tools can be very easy to build. Pocket Hole Jigs, invented in the late 1980’s have changed the way many woodworkers choose to build. This booklet is designed to act as a primer to get you started in cabinetmaking. Rather than offering a lot of theory we strive to teach you cabinetmaking by example. The simple example that we chose to build in this booklet is a 15” wide base cabinet with one drawer and one door. This is a good place to start because it is full sized and yet small enough so one person can build the whole thing without any help. Once you build this cabinet and learn the system you will be able to build an entire kitchen. Using this system you will also be able to build professional looking bookcases, display cabinets, entertainment centers and just about any other type of cabinet that you would like.
30” 12”

WALL CABINETS

3-A

Panel Doors

Face Frame
18”

3-B
1-1/2” 25” 23-1/4” 24”

Drawer Front Counter Top

36” 34-1/2”

Cabinet Side
30”

4-1/2”

Panel Doors

20-1/4”

Face Frame

BASE CABINETS

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Introduction to Cabinetmaking
Don’t expect the first cabinet you build to be perfect. There will be some mistakes and that is to be expected. Try not to be too goal oriented or upset if you make a mistake. That is how you learn. We recommend that before you jump into building an entire kitchen, you should build at least two sample cabinets as you will learn quite a lot from each experience. You can use your sample cabinets in your shop as a storage place, or a tool stand. The 15” wide sample cabinet detailed in this booklet is an excellent size for use as a stand for a drill press, grinder or sharpening station. Please read through the entire text and study the drawings before starting this project.

4-A
Top Frame Rail Top Frame Back Top Frame Stile

Drawer

Face Frame Rail

Face Frame

Cabinet Side Door

Door Panel

4-B
Face Frame Stile

Kick Board

Exploded view of cabinet.

Pg. 4

The face frame is designed to extend past the cabinet carcase 1/4” on each side so when the cabinets are attached to each other. The doors are then mounted to hang from the face frame. It is 1/2” (1/4” on each side) wider than the cabinet carcase. Because the width of the face frame determines the width of the cabinet. 4-A. Because the face frame supports the box and keeps it square. like the one shown in this booklet. Using a face frame is the traditional way of making cabinets and case furniture. Frameless cabinets. The face frame stiles extend from the top of the cabinet to the bottom so end grain is not shown. as the name suggests. The 15” cabinet that we are making in this booklet is the face frame style which means that there is a frame on the front of the cabinet as shown in Fig. 6-C. The face frame reinforces the box and helps to keep it square. If the distance between a refrigerator and a stove is 15-1/2”. 5 . Fig. The cabinet is essentially a box with a face frame attached to the front of it. The face frame also serves to cover the edge of the materials used to make the box. The frameless cabinet styles are a more recent European development that is sometimes referred to as a Euro cabinet. Single cabinets are often joined together at the face frame to make multiple cabinets as the one shown in Fig. it should be the first measurement determined when designing a cabinet. That would allow for a little space on each side of the cabinet. Face frame cabinets. are easier for the small shop or the hobbyist to build. Pocket Holes placed on backside of Rails Face Frame Back Pg. Another option is to make multiple cabinet compartments with one face frame. The 1/4” of excess material on each side also allows the cabinet side to be scribed to the wall if it is not straight. don’t have a face frame and require relatively expensive equipment to manufacture because there is little room for error. The Pocket Holes are located in the backside of the cabinet and are not visible from the front. the back of the cabinet can be made of thinner materials such as 1/4” plywood or another man-made material. the cabinet should be designed with a 15” wide face frame. there is a tight fit between the frames. 5-A Stiles Frame Width Rails Frame Thickness Face Frame Front 5-B Dimensions of the Face Frame The face frame is the widest part of the cabinet.Face Frames Explained Introduction to Face Frames Cabinet types are usually divided into two different construction methods: face frame and frameless. 5-A and 5-B shows the front and the back of the typical face frame. The back provides little structural support compared to the face frame which is located on the front of the cabinet.

medium density fiberboard or particle board. including the optional mounting rail. Assembly and clamping time is decreased as you can connect one joint at a time and not need to wait for the glue to dry. then removing less than a 1/16th of an inch off the edge of the frame by running it through a tablesaw. Most of the joinery used to build the cabinet in this booklet features Pocket Hole Joinery. are avoided. This is accomplished by first joining the frame together. An optional nail rail at the back of the cabinet allows the cabinet to be secured to the wall at the time of installation.Face Frames Explained Top Frame Building a cabinet is essentially a matter of building a box. Because it is a one-piece frame it is easily installed. This cabinet design has been simplified so that it can be assembled from the absolute least number of parts. There are only eight parts. This will then give you the correct tablesaw setting to cut the floor EXACTLY identical to the top frame. 6 . The top frame is made of four pieces that are pocket screwed together. Rather than using individual pieces of wood or triangular corner blocks that are an installed individually (which is time consuming and can be misaligned). To make sure that the cabinet sides are parallel to each other. The face frame and top frame are made from solid stock and are efficiently assembled using Pocket Hole Joinery. Alignment is simplified with Pocket Hole Joinery as only one of the workpieces must be drilled prior to assembly. 6-A Top Frame Stiles Top Frame Rails Face Frame Rails Face Frame Face Frame Stiles 6-B 6-C Top Frame Top Frame Face Frame Face Frame Single face frame cabinet Face frame cabinets set together Pg. The two identical sides. floor and back are made from manmade panel materials such as plywood. Complicated machining such as the use of dados and rabbets. the Top Frame and the floor must be EXACTLY THE SAME WIDTH. Pocket Hole Joinery has many advantages compared to other wood joinery techniques for a variety of reasons. Pocket Hole Joinery is a relatively new technique in which an angled hole is drilled into one workpiece only and then is joined to the second workpiece using a specialized self-tapping wood screw. which will result in perfectly parallel cabinet sides. this cabinet design employs a top frame.

The door hinges are then screwed to the face frame edge. The two door hinges are located in two 35mm holes drilled in the frame of the door. floor and solid top are usually made from 3/4” material.Hardware Note: We recommend that you acquire your hardware BEFORE BUILDING THE CABINET and follow the manufacturers instructions completely. 7-C shows a drill press setup for locating the hinge cups that uses the Kreg Trak and Stop components. A bottom-mount drawer slide with a roller on the front is secured into the cabinet. The cabinet is essentially a box with no face frame. Fig. Europeans also developed hardware for quickly installing the drawers. One huge advantage of the hardware is the door hinges are very easily adjusted for alignment with the turn of a screw. 7 . Study the hardware and make samples of how it will be used before you make the cabinet. The design evolved from new developments in cabinet hardware that allow the doors to be mounted directly to the side of the cabinet rather than the face frame. 7-B shows the drawer slide hardware that we are using in the 15” cabinet. 7-A Stile Drawer Slide Hinge Rail 7-B 7-C Drilling 35mm hole in door stile for hinges to fit into. Pg. Frameless cabinets are a recent European development that are sometimes referred to as Euro cabinets. we recommend that you use 22” drawer slides. It is a good idea to have one or two extra sets of hardware so you can make some sample pieces and keep them. which is traditionally the way it is done. This hardware is designed to work with a drawer that is 1” narrower than the opening in the face frame. Fig. The sides. The other part of the slide is screwed to the bottom edge of the drawer. European hardware has become the standard in the industry and designs have been developed so that the hardware can be used with the traditional face frame. Along with the door hinge hardware. For the 15” cabinet with overlay drawers built in this booklet.

8-A. One of the boards is secured into a Pocket Hole Jig and the specialized step drill bit is used to drill an angled hole as shown in Fig.Pocket Hole Joinery Fundamentals Introduction to Pocket Hole Joinery Pocket Hole Joinery is one of the easiest ways to assemble cabinets and many types of furniture. 8 . as shown in Fig. Although Pocket Hole technology has been used in the furniture making industry for years. Rail Pocket Hole 8-C Stile Self Tapping Screw Driver Completed joint after driving self-tapping screw. the Kreg Pocket Hole Jig and the development of the self-tapping wood screw. There are a number of manual Pocket Hole Jigs available as well as semi-automatic and fully-automatic machines at a variety of price levels that produce Pocket Holes. Holes are drilled at a 15 degree angle on the backside of the workpiece using a special step drill bit with a depth collar so that the drill bit does not penetrate the end of the board. two more recent inventions from the 1980’s. The concept is quite simple. have made the technology available to all levels of woodworkers. A self-tapping screw is then inserted into the Pocket Hole formed by the drill bit and the point of the screw is secured into the mating workpiece. The joint is easy to make with the proper equipment. 8-C. Pocket Hole Rail Pg. 8-A Drilling a Pocket Hole Depth Collar Clamping Pad Step Drill Bit K3 Kreg Jig® 8-B Side view of Pocket Hole drilled at 15 degree angle into end of Rail. as shown in the photos on page 9. Pocket Hole Jigs secure one workpiece in the drilling position.

specially designed clamps are used to align the surfaces of the mating boards together while the screws are being driven. which avoids many alignment problems caused by having to layout and drill for aligning fasteners as with dowel. The self-tapping screw serves as an internal clamp that eliminates the need to clamp the joint as the glue dries. The self-tapping wood screws serve as an internal clamp that instantly bonds the workpieces together. The use of a self-tapping screw eliminates the need to predrill the mating work piece. 9-D Kreg Jig® Mini Pg. 9-A Kreg Jig® Master System 9-B Kreg Jig® 9-C Kreg Jig® Jr. This saves the investment in various clamping devices. rout and even stain while the glue is still drying. Pocket Hole projects can be completed in hours rather than days. 9 . negating the time usually spent waiting for the glue to dry. as well as problems associated with pulling the assembly out of square with clamping pressure. the time and frustration of clamping. With Pocket Hole Joinery. Pocket Hole Joinery is unique from other joinery methods because there is no need to use multiple clamps for assembly as you assemble one joint at a time.sand.Pocket Hole Joinery Fundamentals Pocket Hole Joinery Advantages Pocket Hole Joinery is significantly faster than other wood joining techniques for a number of reasons. You can add additional workpieces to the assembly -. biscuits and mortise and tenon joints.

Item# KBK Pg. and 10-E show three different types of clamping tools that allow Pocket Hole Joints to be quickly assembled.Item# PFC 10-D Kreg Right Angle Clamp . but is designed to be routed into the top of a workbench. This clamp features a steel dowel pin on one end of the clamp that fits down into the Pocket Hole and a swiveling pad on the other end that reaches around the opposite side of the board to hold the workpieces firmly in place while the screw is driven into an adjacent Pocket Hole. 10-A shows a completed Pocket Hole Joint and a Face Clamp used to hold the workpieces together as the screw is driven into place. The Face Clamp has a large clamp pad that registers the faces of the mating boards so that they are in the same plane resulting in minimal sanding being required. This allows you to rotate the frame around the clamp and assemble one joint at a time as it lays perfectly flat on the workbench. 10-A Joint Line Face Side Large Clamp Pad Face Frame Clamp 10-B Fine Thread for Hardwoods Type-17 Self-Tapping Tip Coarse Thread for Softwoods 10-C Kreg Premium Face Clamp . 10-D. Photo 10-C shows a portable Face Clamp in use that requires the joint to be assembled off the edge of the workbench. The Bench Klamp shown in Photo 10-E works very similarly to the Face Clamp shown in Fig. Photo 10-D shows a Right Angle Clamp that is used to secure boards at a 90 degree angle. Images 10-C.Item# RAC 10-E Kreg Bench Klamp . 10-C. 10 .Pocket Hole Joinery Fundamentals Assembling Pocket Hole Joints Fig.

The end-to-edge application is used for making the joints in the top frame and face frame as shown in Fig. There are three basic Pocket Hole orientations used to build the 15” cabinet discussed in this booklet. 11-D.Pocket Hole Joinery Applications Pocket Hole Applications in Cabinetmaking Cabinet construction is the one of the most popular applications for Pocket Hole technology. 11-B. 11-A Top Frame Face Frame 11-B 11-C 11-D Floor 11-B Edge 11-C Panel 11-D Face End Rail to Stile Panel End Panel to Panel Pg. The end-to-face application is used for attaching the face frame to the cabinet side as shown in Fig. 11-C. 11 Panel to Face Frame . The panel-to-panel application is used to secure the floor of the cabinet to the sides as shown in Fig.

A fine-thread screw is used any time you’re driving the screw into a hardwood (i. which depends on the thickness of the wood. cherry. which provides a very positive fit when driving the screw. MDF. a wall. a 1-1/4” screw length is standard. the setting of your Pocket Hole Jig and the depth at which you drill the Pocket Hole. particle board. With a little design ingenuity there are few situations in which a Pocket Hole needs to be visible from the front of the cabinet. It is also important to use a screw thread appropriate for the hardness of the material being joined (see Fig.e. or an appliance. maple. The drawings on this page help to illustrate the placement of Pocket Holes on the backside and underside of the 15” cabinet design. choose the correct screw length. Drawer Slide Spacer Side Floor Kick Board 12-B Pocket Holes in backside of Nail Rail 12-C Pocket Holes placed in bottom side of floor Side Pocket Holes Pg. 10-B). hickory. melamine. Note that Pocket Holes placed on the cabinet sides can usually be hidden against another cabinet side. First. which is what we are doing with our cabinet. I use Kreg Self-tapping Pocket Hole screws which are specially designed for Pocket Hole Joinery.. and pine. etc). Ordinary drywall or hardware store type screws are not self-tapping and will tend to split the wood. walnut. These screws have a deep #2 square drive recess.Pocket Hole Joinery Applications Pocket Holes are normally placed on the backside or underside of a project where they are hidden from view. They feature a type-17 self-tapping auger point that eliminates pre-drilling and a washer head that seats flush in the bottom of the Pocket Hole. The coarse thread screw has a larger thread diameter and provides greater holding power when driving a screw into soft material such as plywood. When joining 3/4” to 3/4” stock. 12-A Nail Rail Selecting the Correct Screw It is important with Pocket Hole Joinery to use a self-tapping wood screw. 12 . oak.

Plans and shop drawings will help you to visualize the finished project. The widest and the longest boards should be used for drawer fronts. particleboard and melamine sheets are the most stable materials available to the woodworker. The drawback. Many experienced woodworkers allow the wood moisture content to equalize by partially processing the wood and then allowing it to stabilize for a couple of weeks in the shop before the final machining. It has a rough surface and is usually slightly warped. Look for flaws. “Layout” is the term for the process of selecting and marking the stock required for the cutting lists. Surfaced lumber has been planed so that both faces of the board are parallel to each other and have a smooth planed surface. Make a cutting list. is that you have to pay a higher price for these finished boards. This is also known as “surfaced two sides” or “S2S. observe grain patterns and color. check your machine set-ups. Lumber is usually available in three forms. warp. Many woodworkers with well-equipped shops prefer to surface rough lumber into the S4S material.” “Surfaced four sides” (“S4S”) means that the board has been planed and the edges are square and parallel to each other. Door panel material should also be chosen with care. The fresh surfaces may either release or absorb moisture. A board that is 4 ft. Stacking the boards in this way allows air to circulate between the boards so that they have the same moisture content as the air in the shop. If the finished pieces will be short. the drawers fronts should all be cut from the same board and mounted consecutively with the grain creating a continuous flow. splits or other defects that may prove dangerous. 13 .25” Back Board Pocket Hole Screws Table Box Height of Miter Saw Miter Saw with Kreg Trak and Stops on Support Wings Pg. long is the most manageable to machine. and the board may distort slightly. Plywood. Any errors during this step compound as the project progresses.Stock Preparation First Things First Successful results of any woodworking project depends on the accuracy of stock preparation. they are jointed and planed again to remove any warp that developed. The initial step in stock preparation is planning. Every situation is different and requires a different solution. The boards are usually sorted by size and color. Rough lumber has not been processed since it was cut at the sawmill. When inspecting the wood. There is always some waste. After the boards stabilize. Ideally. table saw. The wood is cut and planed slightly oversize and then stacked with shims between each board. of course. leave as long as possible and crosscut them to length last. Jointing and planing may release tension in the board and expose the interior of the board to the environment. choose your lumber wisely. convenient. The more the wood has been processed the higher the price. This critical process involves much more than just cutting up the pieces for your project. It is a good practice to buy 25% more material than you need. which is a detailed account of the size and number of the parts required. the easier it is to make choices. Is your jointer fence. checks. and miter saw square and cutting accurately? Are your jointer and planer knives sharp and adjusted correctly? Secondly. Preparing Stock for Your Project First. The S4S (surfaced four sides) boards and man-made materials are the most 13-A 13-B Support Wing Detail Top Trak Flipstop 2. inspect the wood. which may have a different moisture content. The key to layout success is to plan ahead so that you can maximize the use of your lumber and your time. but remember that the more material you have. To begin.

The curved design of the Flipstop allows a board to bypass the stop by simply sliding the board into the stop. 14-A Radial Arm Saw with Kreg Trak and Stops 14-B Choose the Right Saw for the Job Fig. Pieces of multiple lengths can be cut to the precise length without ever touching a stop. Cutting the two ends square and to the desired length is a two-step process. The answer for the small shop is the reasonably priced Kreg Precision Trak and Stop System (Fig. 13-A). The miter saw is usually more accurate than a radial arm saw. use a stop for accuracy and repeatability.Stock Preparation Cutting to length After the boards have been surfaced on all four sides. the last stage is to crosscut the pieces to the desired length. thereby lifting it out of the way. 14-B. The initial step is to cut one end square and the second step is to cut the opposite end square and to the required length. I use my tablesaw and the miter gauge to crosscut anything that is less than 20 inches long and the radial-arm saw or miter saw for wood longer than 20 inches. The ideal stop would be there when needed but also allow multiple set-ups. 13-A and 13-B show an easy way to make auxiliary support wings for your miter saw with trak mounted for the stops. Tablesaw with Kreg Miter Gauge System Pg. For cutting short pieces less than 20 inches long. 14 . Before you start cutting up your pile of wood. make sure that you have newly sharpened saw blades on your machines. 14-A shows the Kreg stops on the radial arm saw. The Trak and Stops can be mounted on either side of the saw. Fig. If more than one board is to be cut to the same length. I use the miter gauge on the tablesaw with the same Kreg Flipstop as shown in Fig.

You only need to use one 30” piece of Kreg Jig and Fixture Bar for the bottom of the sled. The plywood platform should be made of high quality material. The Kreg Trak and Stops can also be used to build jigs and fixtures. they are not ideal for cutting sheet materials used in the cabinetmaking process.Stock Preparation Building a Crosscut Sled Although the miter saw and the tablesaw miter gauge are great for accurate crosscuts. 15-A Back Fence Plywood Flipstop Top Trak Kreg Jig and Fixture Bar Plywood Sled Platform 15-B Top Trak Flipstop Back Fence Plywood Sled Platform Kreg Jig and Fixture Bar Pg. The Kreg Top Trak is screwed on top of the fence board which is secured to the plywood platform with screws. The back fence supporting the Kreg Top Trak should be 21/4” higher than the table. 15-A and 15-B is one of the most useful jigs that you can make for your shop.made crosscut sled shown in Fig. The sled bottom should be 25” wide so that you can cut a piece of plywood in half as shown in Fig. The shop. 15-A. 15 .

The cabinet design shown in this booklet has evolved over the years. This one small device has made more difference that any other tool in my shop.Building a 15” Base Cabinet 15” Cabinet Overview Over the years. 16-A Wall Cabinet Panel Doors Face Frame 30” 12” 18” 1-1/2” 25” 16-B Base Cabinet Counter Top Drawer Front 23-1/4” 24” 36” 34-1/2” Panel Doors 30” Face Frame 4-1/2” 20-1/4” Pg. it took about ten seconds for me to figure out that I needed this tool. some cabinet designs are not practical for a small shop or use materials that are not readily available to the small shop or individual hobbyist. Unfortunately. I doweled the face frame which was much faster than the mortise and tenon joint that my father and grandfather used. In this design. the quality of my work has also improved. I’m using modern technology such as Pocket Hole Joinery and European hardware to produce a stronger cabinet in less time. When I first started making cabinets. It has helped to make my woodworking a lot faster and easier. When I first saw the Kreg Pocket Hole Jig at a woodworking show in Minneapolis. 16 . a lot has been written about cabinetmaking and the best systems for making kitchen cabinets.

professional cabinet that can be easily replicated to build an entire kitchen. The standard face frame and also a “top frame” which stabilizes the top of the cabinet. place the Pocket Holes on the outside face. The frame is designed to be 1/2” wider than the cabinet so the when the cabinets are attached to each other there is a tight fit between the frames. That includes resaw and bookmatching the door panel. The two frames are made from solid stock and are quickly assembled using Pocket Hole Joinery. you’ll want to position the Pocket Holes on the inside face of the panel and plug them if necessary. 17-A. I create two simple frames with Pocket Hole Joinery that serve as a reference point for the rest of the cabinet. With that said. 17-A Top Frame Rail Top Frame Back Top Frame Stile Nail Rail Face Frame Rails Placement of the Pocket Holes Before you start. If the side panel will be against an appliance and trim will be used to hide the side panel. The frame reinforces the box and keeps it square.Building a 15” Base Cabinet Simple Design Yet Ready for Production! In this cabinet design. and I think that it is a better overall product. which means that there is a frame on the front of the cabinet as shown in Fig. If the side panel is to be exposed to the room. I’ve used this design in cabinetmaking classes and now have students. This booklet is designed to systematically present the information needed to build a high-quality. The cabinet is essentially a box with a face frame attached to the front of it. 17 . the Pocket Holes should be placed on the outside face. let’s get started. as it won’t be visible. finish complete cabinets in two days. The 15” sample cabinet illustrated in this booklet is the face frame style. Cabinet Side Face Frame Face Frame Stile Floor Kick Board Toe Kick Space Pg. I’m sure you’ll enjoy the simplicity and speed of this construction process. It makes the assembly of the cabinet a snap. If the side panel will be against a house wall or another cabinet. This cabinet design also has a top frame which keeps the tops of the sides in place and makes the cabinet easier to assemble. the placement of Pocket Holes in the side panels is important to plan out in advance. some of whom have never done any woodworking. It is especially easy for one person working alone to assemble.

The sides are secured to the floor and the top frame before the back and front face frames are attached to the box unit. Because it is a one piece frame. 18-A is an exploded view of the cabinet. 18 . One of the questions to be answered when making a cabinet is how will the countertop be attached to the cabinet? Another often asked question relating to this issue is how do you keep the cabinet sides parallel to each other? In the past. The top frame is made of four face frame pieces that are Pocket Screwed together. An alternative to the corner blocks is a filler piece called a “stretcher” which is the width of the floor and keeps the sides parallel. With this design. which require tedious positioning and installation. Top Frame Stile 18-A Top Frame Rail Nail Rail Face Frame Stile Back Drawer Slide Hardware Side Side Door Hinges Floor Toe Kick Space Kick Board Face Frame Rail Pg. individual corner blocks have been used to square the cabinet top and provide a place for securing the counter to the top of the cabinet. Rather than using triangular corner blocks which are installed individually this cabinet design employs a top frame. complicated machining and the use of dados and rabbets can be avoided. it is easily installed when aligned with the top of the cabinet. It provides the spacing function of the stretcher and the squaring function of the triangular blocks.Building a 15” Base Cabinet Cabinet Parts Overview Fig. Also avoided with the use of a top frame are filler pieces or angle brackets.

Building a 15” Base Cabinet 19-A Back Top of Cabinet 10” 1-1/2” 1-1/2” 19-C Front of Cabinet 19-B Nail Rail 15” Side of Cabinet 5” 24” 23-1/4” 3/4” 30” 1-1/2” 34-1/2” 3/4” 5” 4-1/2” 3/4” 3/4” 20-1/4” 3” 13” 14-1/2” Pg. 19 .

Please reference dimensions from the list to size parts correctly prior to assembly. Face Frame Stiles Pg. 20 .Building a 15” Base Cabinet 20-A Cutlist Diagram Top Frame Stiles Top Frame Rails Nail Rail Back Side Side Floor Face Frame Rails Kick Board Cutlist Parts Identification The parts identified on this page correspond with the cutlist on the following page.

These items can be made at one time and stockpiled for ease of processing when building a set of cabinets. Thickness Width 2 3/4” 23-1/4” Length 34-1/2” Note: Note: There is a cut out for the kick board that is 4-1/2” high and 3” wide. Drawer front rail 2 1/2” 4” 10” Drawer back rail 2 1/2” 3-1/4” 10” Drawer front Nail rail Kick board 1 1 1 3/4” 3/4” 3/4” 6” 5” 4” 13” 13” 14-1/2” Pg. Standard Parts Cut List for 15” Wall Cabinet: Part Name Side Qty. drawer rails. Width of cabinet (15”) minus 5” Note: The drawer bottom panel should be sized AFTER the drawer box is completed.18”. The rule listed to the right of each component makes it very easy to re-calculate the dimensions for various sized cabinets. door frame rails. Width of cabinet (15”) minus 5” Note: The drawer bottom panel should be sized AFTER the drawer box is completed. Width of cabinet (15”) minus 2” Width of cabinet (15”) minus 1/2”. Thickness Width 1 2 3 1 2 3/4” 3/4” 3/4” 1/4” 3/4” 13” 1-1/2” 1-1/2” 13-1/2” 2” Length 23” 10” 12” 29-1/2” 9” Plus Rule: Width of cabinet (15”) minus 2” Width of cabinet (15”) minus 5” Width of cabinet (15”) minus 3” Width of cabinet (15”) minus 1-1/2” The door frame rail is 9” for the 15” cabinet plus the length of the stub tenon or the length of the tenon on the cope and stick joint.Building a 15” Base Cabinet Standard parts are always the same regardless of the width of the cabinet. etc. 21 . face frame rails. top frame rails. 21”. nail rail. Drawer front to be same width as door.). These parts include the floor. and kick board. There is also an optional rabbet in the side panel that is 1/4” deep and 3/8” wide to accept the back panel. Non-Standard Parts Cut List for 15” Base Cabinet: Part Name Floor Top frame rail Face frame rail Back panel Door frame rail Qty. back. Top frame stile 2 3/4” 3/4” 3/4” 1/2” 1-1/2” 1-1/2” 2” 4” 23” 30” 21-1/2” 21-1/2” Face frame stile 2 Door frame stile 2 Drawer sides 2 Non-standard parts change in size (width or length) depending on the width of the cabinet (15”. The door panel should be sized AFTER the door frame is completed. drawer fronts.

15”. face frame stiles and top frame stiles are standard parts and are always the same no matter what the width of the cabinet may be. 21”). Because these parts are not custom pieces.Building a 15” Base Cabinet About Standard Parts Standard parts shown shaded gray in Fig. they can be made in quantity and “stockpiled”. The sides. 22-A Standard Parts Standard Parts Top Frame Stiles Sides Face Frame Stiles Pg. 22-A are always the same size because they do not change with different cabinet widths (ie. 18”. 22 .

They are different lengths depending on the cabinet sizes. are the parts that determine the width of the cabinet. which are shown shaded gray in Fig. The bottom. nail rail. and frame rails change in size as the cabinet changes in size. To make sure that the cabinet sides are parallel to each other the top frame and the floor must be EXACTLY THE SAME WIDTH. This is accomplished by using the same tablesaw rip fence setting to cut a hair off the width of the top frame and then cut the floor to the same width. 23-A Non-Standard Parts Nail Rail Top Frame Rails Non-Standard Parts Face Frame Rails Kick Board Floor Pg. back.Building a 15” Base Cabinet Non-Standard Parts Nonstandard parts. 23-A. kickboard. 23 .

Step 6: Countertops constructed and installed.Building a 15” Base Cabinet GENERAL CABINET BUILDING SUGGESTIONS Building cabinets efficiently can best be accomplished by following the simple steps below. Pg. Step 2: Once all the cases are made. Step 4: Attach backs. Important! It will be easier to install your wall cabinets if you haven’t installed the base cabinets. These types of cabinets are the focus of this booklet. We recommend beginning with a base cabinet that doesn’t span a corner because these are the simplest. Step 5: Install cabinets. 24 . Step 1: Make one complete cabinet at a time (with the exception of the countertop). 24-A Face Frame Floor Top Frame Top Frame and Floor are ripped to the exact same width on the tablesaw to achieve perfectly parallel cabinet sides. Step 3: Door and drawer hardware should be installed. drawers and doors can be made and finished.

Join nail rail to side panels. and a #8. I use the following screws from Kreg Tool: a #7. However. 1. Drill Pocket Holes in Side Panels and Floor (Note: First mark the inside and outside of each side panel for reference. as the outside face won’t be visible. The next step is to bore the Pocket Holes along the front edge of each side panel. assemble face frame and top frame. 4th 8th 7th Second. Step 2: Assemble the face frame and top frame one joint at a time using a Face Clamp to align the workpieces. 4. Make sure your depth collar is set correctly. Nail back panel into position. If the side panel is designed to support shelving. or use adjustable shelving tracks. 2. you will also need to bore holes for shelf pins at this time. 25 . If the side panel will be against a house wall or another cabinet. 7. Assemble the Frames Step 1: Bore two Pocket Holes in the end of each rail. fine thread 1-1/4” (#SML-F125) for hardwoods. 2nd 6th 1st 5th 3rd Assembly Overview First. given your situation. If the side panel will be against an appliance and trim will be used to hide the side panel. Add opposite side panel. Use a Right Angle Clamp (as shown in Fig. 10-D) to hold the panels in place as you drive the screws into the face frame. Choose which side to place the Pocket Holes. coarse thread. 6. Position first side panel on bench. Add face frame to front of cabinet. Join floor to one side panel. Secure kick board to side panels 8. place the Pocket Holes on the outside face. If the side panel is exposed to the room you’ll want to position the Pocket Holes on the inside face of the side panel and plug them if necessary. as with other steps in the cabinetmaking process.) Once the side panels are cut to size. If adjustable shelving isn’t important. you will need to rout a rabbet into the back inside edge of the panels. Pg. 5. you can simply place Pocket Holes on the underside of the shelves and screw the shelves directly into the side panel.Assembly The actual assembly of the cabinet is a step that is easily taken for granted. 1-l/4” screw with a washer head (SML-C125) for softwoods and man-made materials. 25-A First. This rabbet will later accept the back panel. the Pocket Holes should be placed on the outside face. and bore Pocket Holes every 6” to 8” along the front edge of the side panel. 3. attention to detail will reward you with professional results. Join top frame to side panel.

secure the top frame to the top edge of the side panel. Step 6: Door and drawer hardware should be installed at this time. 26-A. The spacer is simply a piece of 5” wide scrap with a 1-1/2” piece of wood screwed to the edge of it as shown in Fig. Pg. 26-A Floor Spacer Cabinet Side Step 1: Using the shop made floor spacer jig. secure the floor to one side panel using Pocket Hole screws as shown in Fig. Step 4: Secure the face frame to the front of the cabinet making sure to leave a 1/4” reveal on each edge. 26-C. Step 7: Screw the nail rail to the sides of the cabinet. If you are going to use a wood spacer to correctly position the drawer hardware. Step 2: Next.Assembly ASSEMBLE THE FLOOR Place the Pocket Holes along the front edge and sides on the underside of the floor. Once built. fit and install the filler strip now. 26 . This is covered in detail in the drawer section of this booklet. Step 3: Flip the cabinet over and secure the floor and the top frame to the opposite side panel. Step 5: Screw the toe kick board to the floor and sides of the cabinet. Make sure your depth collar is set correctly. Assembly – Step by Step Overview We recommend that you make a floor spacer jig to help secure the floor to the side using Pocket Hole screws. Cabinet Floor Cabinet Side Floor Spacer 26-C 5” Floor spacer Driving screws from floor into cabinet side. Step 8: Fit the back but leave it unattached for now until the hardware and drawers are fitted. this spacer will allow you to accurately position the floor into your cabinet time after time.

27 . which are the top of the backsplash. Making the three curves requires very expensive commercial equipment and is beyond the scope of the small shop or hobbyist. research the thickness in which it is available in. It usually takes about two weeks for delivery. attach the plastic laminate to the sides before laminating the top. 27-C. which is the standard height for stoves. have also gained popularity. After the top and sides are done secure the laminated backsplash to the top with Pocket Hole screws. like the cabinet shown in Fig.Countertops Countertop Basics The last big task for making the cabinet base is to decide on the design and material for the countertop. It is easily ordered with the end caps already installed from a local dealer or home center either in standard lengths or custom lengths. The most popular countertop is the post-formed plastic laminate shown in Figure 27-A. it is easily trimmed to be flush with the top by using a flush trimming router bit. Other materials. Using contact cement. This countertop is similar to the post-formed version in that the top is made from a 3/4” substrate such as particle board or MDF. After you decide on the material. Another option for the hobbyist or the small shop is the choice of making plastic laminate countertops without the post-formed edge. 27-B. It can be ordered in any length up to 12’ long and pieces can easily be connected end to end to form any length. It is characterized by three curves. It is available in a large variety of patterns and colors and is relatively inexpensive. The rim board should be glued and screwed to the substrate with 1” pocket hole screws. It you secure the rim board material so that it is proud of the substrate by 1/8”. such as Corian. The side is designed to look as if it is 1-1/2” thick which is accomplished by adding 3/4” by 3/4” rim boards to the bottom outside edge of the substrate as shown in Fig. etc. are only available in 1/2” and the height of the cabinet may have to be elongated to reach the finish height of 36”. such as tile and stone. The shop-made countertop would have square edges. Some materials. There are many options in addition to the standard plastic laminate top including manmade solid surface materials such as fire slate and Corian. 27-A Standard Countertop 25" 27-B Square Countertop 27-C Rim Board Substrate Back Splash Pg. the union of the top and the backsplash and the front edge as shown in Fig 27-A.

Pg. An island with an eating space is an exception because the counter top should extend past the cabinet for sitting space.Countertops Laminated tops. The spacer is 3” wide and the width of the top frame which is 13” for the sample 15” cabinet. Islands and counters that are freestanding (don’t touch another cabinet or appliance) should have a 1” overhang on each side to match the front of the cabinet. There are various mechanisms for securing the countertop to the cabinet. There are three options for determining the width of the counter top. If the cabinet is placed between appliances. both post-formed and shop made. 28-A and 28-B. 28 . the countertop should extend 1/4” past the edge of the face frame on each side of the cabinet. The spacers fit in the 14” space between the rim boards. 28-A Spacers 28-B Countertop cut-away to show placement of spacers. such as a stove and a refrigerator. Holes in the spacers allow 1” screws to be used to secure the countertop to the cabinet. That means that the countertop for the 15” cabinet would be 15-1/2” wide. should be 25” from front to back which allows the cabinet to have a 1” overhang on the front of the cabinet. One option for securing plastic laminated counter tops is to use spacers attached to the top of the top frame with screws as shown in Fig. The third option is to make a countertop with a 1/4” overhang on one side which contacts an appliance and a 1” overhang on the opposite side which is open to the room.

29-A Edgebanding Pocket Holes Substrate Pocket Hole Screw Be sure to use 1” screws for edgebanding! 29-B Plastic Laminate 29-C Plastic Laminate 29-D 29-E Substrate Edgebanding Edgebanding Plastic Laminate Plastic Laminate Pg. Remember to add the width of the edgebanding. There are two options for attaching an edgebanded piece to the substrate counter top. material (usually decorative hardwood) is secured to the edge of the countertop. As with any other techniques. Figures 29-D and 29-E show the option of applying the plastic laminate to the top of the substrate and to the front of the edgebanding before routing the edge. This last option is one of the ways that commercially available counter tops are made. Remember to pay close attention to the depth of the pocket hole. The 3/4” substrate should be cut to size so that it over hangs the cabinet front and sides (but not the back) by the appropriate amount. As the name implies. Keep in mind that the trim will be routed so the screw must fit the profiled edgebanding. it is a good idea to make some countertop samples to get the hang of it before starting a big project. Bore pocket holes 6” to 8” apart along all countertop edges that will be exposed to the edgebanding as shown in Figure 29-A. Figure 29-C shows the option of applying the plastic laminate to the top of the substrate before applying the edgebanding. 29 .Countertops Edgebanding Another option for making a countertop is called edgebanding.

Fig. Making a separate front allows the box to be installed and then the front attached so that it is centered on the opening or aligned with the door. Another track with a roller on the back is screwed to the bottom edge of the drawer. The Pocket Holes at the front of the drawer are later covered by the drawer front. 30-A shows the hardware that we are using in this 15” cabinet. if your face frame opening is 5” tall by 24” wide. Fig. the outside dimensions of the drawer box should be 4” tall by 23” wide.Making the Drawer The drawer is essentially an open box. We’ve chosen this type of drawer slide because it offers excellent performance. The drawer is constructed using Pocket Hole Joinery on the front and the back of the drawer. 30-A shows the drawer construction with a dado on the front and sides. Drawer Bottom Drawer Front Drawer Side Pocket Holes placed on the front side of drawer rail will be covered by the drawer front. other hardwoods can also be used. 30-A Pocket Holes placed on backside of Drawer Rail. is economical. Many manufacturers make bottom mount slides that install in a similar manner. Make the drawer boxes 1” narrower and 1” shorter than the drawer opening in the face frame. If you are using the bottom mount drawer slides. This hardware is designed to work with a drawer that is 1” narrower than the opening in the face frame. You may want to build a sample drawer to work out the details if you have not used this kind of hardware before. The drawer size is determined by the kind of hardware you use. which is made of the same wood type used to make the face frame. For example. The traditional wood used for making drawers is ash. get the slides and read the instructions. A track with a roller on the front is secured to the cabinet. Fig. 31-B and 31-C shows the drawer dimensions in detail for the 15” cabinet. The drawer bottom slides in from the back after the box is constructed. 31-A. Another option is 1/2” or 3/4” Baltic Birch or Appleply plywood. Cabinet drawers are usually made with two parts: a drawer box and a drawer front. 30 . Pg. and are simple to install.

The cabinet tracks have to be accurately positioned in the cabinet. is used to easily mount the drawer slide to the cabinet side. 3/4” 31-C 11” 1/2” 10” 1/2” 4” 1/4” 1/4” 1/2” Pg. add a professional touch and are economical. 3/4” 31-B 1/2” 4” 3-1/4” 1/2” 6” 1” See manufacturers drawer slide instructions for this dimension.Making the Drawer The length of the drawer slide you choose will vary depending on if you build your cabinets with inset or overlay drawer fronts. It eliminates the need for measuring and marking because it uses the intersection of the stile and rail as a reference point so that each cabinet track is mounted accurately. The Kreg Mounting Tool shown on page 32. We recommend that you acquire your hardware BEFORE BUILDING THE CABINET and follow the manufacturers instructions completely. the job is tedious because of all the measuring and marking. Without a mounting tool. 31-A 1/2” 1/2” 1” 11” 10” 13” 1/2” See manufacturers drawer slide instructions for this dimension. This new design employs magnets to hold the cabinet track in place. Side mount drawer slides are made of two parts. Metal drawer slides are very popular because they work well. 31 . The part mounted to the cabinet is called the cabinet track. It is U shaped with a flattened end to which a wheel is attached.

Putting the screw in the middle of the oblong hole allows for a slight adjustment later. 32-A Drawer Slide mounted with slide support. 32-A. The spacer is the width of the distance between the edge of the face frame and the side of the cabinet. Make sure that the cabinet track is secured to the mounting tool with the slide parallel to the bottom of the mounting tool as shown in Fig. That way. 32 . 32-B. A Face Clamp can then be used to hold the mounting tool in place while the screws are driven into the cabinet side.Making the Drawer Installing the Drawer Slides The design of the Kreg Drawer Slide Mounting Tool allows most types of metallic slides to be installed with ease. Kreg Drawer Slide Mounting Tool Rear Cabinet Slide Support Cabinet Side Cabinet Track Wood Spacer 32-B Face Frame Pg. The end with the wheel should be positioned toward the Mounting Tool. Another option is to use a wood spacer as shown in Fig. Use this hole for securing the track to the side of the cabinet. you can align the drawer fronts with the doors. that mounts to the rear of the cabinet. 32-B. The cabinet track typically has an oblong hole. This product features a magnet on each side of the tool so it can be used for mounting the track to the cabinet on each side of the drawer. a mechanism is needed to support the cabinet track. One option is to use a commercially available plastic rear cabinet track support. Make and mount the drawer fronts after you have hung and adjusted the doors. When there is a space between the edge of the stile and the cabinet side. as shown in Fig.

the next task is to attach the drawer fronts. Keep in mind that if you’ve used a 1/2” material for the drawer box and 3/4” material for the drawer front. 33 . We like to use the SPS-F1 (1”) or SPS-F125 (1-1/4”) screws because the self-tapping tips eliminate pre-drilling. Carefully measure the width of the door and cut the drawer face to that width. place the drawer front on top of the spacer. Pg. Roll the drawer box out and use a couple of clamps to secure the drawer front to the drawer box. 33-A Drawer Front 33-B Width of Face Frame Opening Width of Drawer Box 1/2” Gap required for hardware to function correctly. installed and aligned.Making the Drawer After the doors are made. Drive a screw from inside the box through the drawer box and into the drawer front. a 1-1/4” screw is too long. Make a spacer that will rest on top of the door. With the drawer box in the cabinet.

The amount of overlay is determined by the hinge design. The rail for the 13” wide door should be 10” long. All things being equal. 34-A and 34-B on page 34. The door that we are making for the 15” cabinet is a simple panel door. requiring a 35mm forstner bit used in a drill press. remember to add the 1” measurement (1/2” on each side) to the door rail. These hinges have screws that allow the door to be adjusted up or down or in and out which allows for squaring.Making the Door Cabinet doors are made in many different styles. you are ready to make the door. If you use the stub tenon. composite laminate or flat panel doors in either an overlay or inset style. There are many considerations when choosing hardware. the next decision is how much overlay you want. The first consideration should be whether you want overlay or inset style doors. If you don’t have a drill press. The dado on the inside of the door is the space in which the door panel is located. After deciding on the door design and what kind of hinges you will use. Stub Tenon Door 34-A 1/2” 1/4” Dado Stub Tenon 3/4” 2” 1/2” 1/2” by 1/4” Dado Rail Stile Pg. The style of the door determines the hardware design that can be used to mount it. Traditional cabinets typically use a 1/2” overlay. The door stiles and rails are 2” inches wide by 3/4” of an inch thick. Furniture often is made with inset doors. there are some jigs available through catalogs. catalogs. books. which is made with standard woodworking equipment such as a dado blade or a slot cutter router bit. The stub tenon has a number of advantages. A 1/2” deep dado that is 1/4” wide is made on the inside of both the rail and the stile pieces. Magazines. 34 . The easiest option is the stub tenon. leveling and alignment with the other doors in a set of cabinets. which is 1/2” by 1/4”. For the 15” sample cabinet that we are making in this booklet. The simple design compliments just about any style of décor and is especially at home with the very popular Arts and Crafts designs. There are two options for making the door frames. Concealed European style cup hinges typically mount into a 35mm (diameter) hole bored 1/2” deep into the door. which make a portable drill work like a drill press. It is fairly easy to make and doesn’t require the purchase of special equipment such as a matching set of router or shaper cutters. home centers and home shows are good sources of information. then the centerline of the hinge should be mounted to the face frame 2-1/2” below where the stile meets the rail. The frame is made of the top and bottom rail (horizontal members) and the side stiles (vertical members). If the hinge provides a 1/2” overlay. the openings and the doors must be perfectly square. Cabinets are usually made with overlay doors which are wider than the face frame opening. If the door fits inside the face frame. The 15” sample cabinet door opening in the face frame is 20-1/2” by 12”. we are using an overlay door that is one inch longer and one inch wider than the face frame opening. Concealed hinges provide a more contemporary look and are typically used with solid. with inset doors. Usually the overlay door is one inch wider and one inch longer than the face frame opening. A huge advantage of the European style cup hinge is the adjustability factor. which are shown in Fig. The side stiles run the length of the door and cover the end grain of the horizontal rails. There are many choices in hardware and the details of the choices available are beyond the scope of this booklet. it is called an “inset” door and requires the appropriate hardware. meaning the door covers a 1/2” of the face frame on all sides.The standard for mounting door hardware is to mount the centerline of the hinge 3” in from the top and bottom of the door. The door will be made to be 21-1/2” by 13”. Most cabinet doors are made with the frame and panel design because it is a good way of making a wide door without the expansion and contraction problems of solid wood. We are using two European style cup hinges for the door which are placed in 35mm holes in the door frames. If you choose overlay doors. overlay doors are easier to make and install because. The stub tenon. is the same size as the dado and is glued in the dado after the door panel is fitted to the door frame.

drill the holes for mounting the European style cup hinges.35 . After the door is complete. An interlocking joint called the cope and stick joint is produced by either using router table cutters or shaper cutters. practice making the joint and carefully measure the rail length for the 13” wide sample cabinet door. Drill the 35mm holes 3” from the end of the cabinet. The door hinges are screwed to the face frame edge. Use a drill press with a two stops. Cope and stick doors require a learning curve which requires study and practice. they are easily produced once you have the correct set-up and develop the technique. this task can be intimidating due to the complex nature of the required fit.Making the Door Cope and Stick Doors A more complicated door design is the rail and stile shown in Fig. If you decide to use the cope and stick joint. Pg. Cope and Stick Door 35-A Cope Stick Dado Rail Stile 35-B Drilling 35mm holes in door stile for hinge cups. Like many woodworking joints. The 2 door hinges are located in two 35mm holes drilled 1/2” deep in the door stile. 35-A. For the beginning woodworker. as shown in photo 35-B. This joint requires making a series of cuts with two different cutters and precisely adjusting the set-up for a perfect fit. However. cope and stick doors of professional quality are easily produced once you have mastered the techniques.

36 .Making the Door 2” 1/4” 3/4” 13” Top View Cope and Stick Door Dimensions Side View Front View 3/4” 21-1/2” 17-1/2” 21-1/2” 2” 9” 13” 2” 2” Pg.

the finished soffit extends past the top of the wall cabinet 2” which gives it a pleasing professional look. The depth of the cabinet is usually 12”. The soffit is usually a framed box that is secured to the corner of the room where the wall and ceiling meet. 37 .Wall Cabinets Building a 15” Wall Cabinet Wall cabinets mount on the wall above the base cabinets and are usually the same width as the base cabinet. in some cases. the distance between the wall cabinet and the countertop is usually 16 to 20”. The finished dimension (frame plus drywall thickness) of the soffit is usually 12” height and 14” wide. such as a 30” wide stove the cabinet should be 30” wide. The standard height wall cabinet is 30” high and is designed to be used with a room soffit. kitchens are frequently designed without soffits and. Depending on the height of the ceiling and the size of the soffit. 37A. etc. In recent years. Thus. appliance sizes. which is box in the top corner of the ceiling and wall junction that is the same material as the wall. commercially made wall cabinets are available in heights ranging from 9” to 48” in 3” increments. When the wall cabinet is located above an appliance. the cabinet goes all the way up to the ceiling. 37-A 12” 30” 11-1/4” 15” 3/4” 18” 15” Pg. Obviously. the huge advantage of a custom made cabinet is that it can be designed and made for a specific space. A kitchen may have wall cabinets of varying heights to accommodate appliances such as stove hoods or wall mounted microwaves. To accommodate different kitchen designs (soffit or no soffit). which is usually drywall. wall height variations. It is often covered with the wall material that is used in the rest of the room. as shown in Fig.

Get the adjustable shelf hardware before planning and building the cabinet. when you open the cabinet door. It is smaller and has less pieces. plus it doesn’t have a drawer. 38-A Top Nail Rail Back Side Side Door Floor Face Frame Rail Face Frame Stile 15” Wall Cabinet Cut List: Part Name Side Face frame rail Face frame stile Floor Top Back Nail Rail Qty.Wall Cabinets Most wall cabinets are designed with mechanisms for shelf height adjustment. the wall cabinet is a lot easier to build. As with the bottom cabinet. 38 . orient the Pocket Hole screws so they are not visible from the outside of the cabinet. They should be oriented so that the pocket holes are exposed on the top of the cabinet so. Compared to the base cabinet. The standard is the use of multiple holes with shelf supports on which the shelf rest. The one exception to having the holes on the bottom of the cabinet. For most wall cabinets. you don’t see any Pocket Holes. After the parts are cut to size using the wall cabinet cut list. The Pocket Holes on the top should be located on the front and sides of the top. Another option is to use a 5/8” spacer so that the bottom is 1/8” lower than the top edge of the face frame. 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 Thickness 3/4” 3/4” 3/4” 3/4” 3/4” 1/4” 3/4” Width 11-1/4” 1-1/2” 1-1/2” 13” 13” 13-1/2” 13” Length 30” 12” 30” 11” 11” 29-1/2” 4” Pg. The face frame is a simple rectangle made of the standard 1-1/2” by 3/4” material. Make a spacer for measuring the distance between the floor and the bottom edge of the face frame. Another option is the use of a front and back track with adjustable shelf supports. assemble the parts in a similar manner as the bottom cabinet as described in the “assembly” section of this booklet. the Pocket Holes should be oriented on the bottom of the cabinet so when you open the door Pocket Holes are not visible. is the wall cabinet above the sink where the bottom of the cabinet is visible. Plugs can be used to cover pocket holes in situations where they may be visible. A 3/4” spacer will secure the floor flush with the top edge of the face frame rail.

Wood Shop News and Wood News. writer. and inventor. Woodsmith. Architectural Record. Pg.kregtool. 39 .com.About the Author About the Author The information in this booklet was kindly provided to Kreg Tool by Mark Duginske. designer. He makes his living as a woodworker. please visit www. He was formerly a contributing editor to Fine Woodworking Magazine and currently writes for a number of magazines. Fine Homebuilding. For the woodworking supply outlet nearest you. Chicago Magazine. Architectural Digest. Americana. His work has appeared in Fine Woodworking. Mark is a fourth generation woodworker from central Wisconsin. The Design Book.

com Copyright 2005 Mark Duginske PRINTED IN THE USA ITEM# MD-CAB01 . IA 50124 www.KREG TOOL COMPANY 201 Campus Drive Huxley.kregtool.

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