P. 1
Cancer Primary

Cancer Primary

|Views: 3|Likes:
Published by Meagan A Wilson

More info:

Published by: Meagan A Wilson on Oct 01, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as RTF, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Meagan Wilson Mr.

Jackson National History Day 11 November 2009

Works Cited Primary American Cancer Society. "ACS :: Radiation Therapy." American Cancer Society :: Information and Resources for Cancer: Breast, Colon, Prostate, Lung and Other Forms. American Cancer Society, 18 May 2009. Web. 02 Nov. 2009. <http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_4x_Radiation_Therapy_10.asp? sitearea=>.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays (such as x-rays) or particles to destroy cancer cells

National Cancer Institute. "Radiation Therapy for Cancer: Questions and Answers." Http://www.cancer.gov. National Cancer Institute (NCI), 24 Aug. 2004. Web. 2 Nov. 2009. <http://www.cancer.gov/PDF/FactSheet/fs7_1.pdf>. Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy, x-ray therapy, or irradiation) is the use of a certain type of energy (called ionizing radiation) to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation therapy injures or destroys cells in the area being treated (the “target tissue”) by damaging their genetic material, making it impossible for these cells to continue to grow and divide. Although radiation damages both cancer cells and normal cells, most normal cells can recover from the effects of radiation and function properly. The goal of radiation therapy is to damage as many cancer cells as possible, while limiting harm to nearby healthy tissue. There are different types of radiation and different ways to deliver the radiation. For example, certain types of radiation can penetrate more deeply into the body than can others. In addition, some types of radiation can be very finely controlled to treat only a small area (an inch of tissue, for example) without damaging nearby tissues and organs. Other types of radiation are better for treating larger areas. In some cases, the goal of radiation treatment is the complete destruction of an entire tumor. In other cases, the aim is to shrink a tumor and relieve symptoms. In either case, doctors plan treatment to spare as much healthy tissue as possible. About half of all cancer patients receive some type of radiation therapy. Radiation therapy may be used alone or in combination with other cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy or surgery. In some cases, a patient may receive more than one type of radiation therapy.

Interstitial radiation may be left in place permanently through the use of seeds. Radiation therapy can be given two ways .html>. Feb. through injection or by implanting a radioactive pellet in the body.cfm?id=1611>. "Radiation Therapy.externally. A radiation oncologist is a doctor whose specialty is using radiation to treat cancer. "Types of Radiation Therapy. or capsules) • • • • Intracavitary (placing special applicators inside a body cavity such as the uterus) Intraluminal (placing special applicator into a passageway such as the bronchus) Surface Brachytherapy (placing sealed source in or against the tumor) Unsealed internal (injecting radioactive substance into the bloodstream or body cavity such as samarium) High dose sources of radiation may be left in place for a matter of minutes. Lexington. 2009. It may be necessary for you to take special precautions for a few days after the implant is placed. The Nemours Foundation. or internally. The radiation oncologist will work with other health care professionals to decide on the type and dose of radiation therapy that will best treat a person's cancer. Donna.it's usually adults who get this form of treatment. <http://www. Web. <http://kidshealth.the Web's most visited site about children's health. 2007. Saint Joseph Health System." KidsHealth . Once the radioactive source is removed. seeds. Internal radiation therapy is very rare in teens . you are not "radioactive". 02 Nov.Patton.org/teen/diseases_conditions/cancer/radiation. Web.sjhlex. KY.org/body.With external radiation therapy. 02 Nov. through the skin. doctors use a large machine and special equipment that aims specific amounts of radiation directly at the cancer. Some of the more common methods of delivery are: • Interstitial (placing the implant or source into the tumor by using catheters. where as low dose sources may be left in place for several days. ." Saint Joseph Health System. 2009.

vcu. your treatment team “maps” out the position you will be in for each treatment and the exact location on your body (referred to as treatment field or port) where the radiation will be given (the simulation process). the radiation oncologist will determine your treatment plan. Certain levels of radiation work to destroy cancer cells or prevent cells from growing or reproducing.Meagan Wilson Mr." VCU Massey Cancer Center. the area on your body that requires treatment will be marked to make sure radiation is given properly. . The treatment team also may make molds. headrests or other devices that help to position you during your treatment. 2006. Virginia Commonwealth University.massey. including the type of machine to use. "Radiation oncology. the amount of radiation that is needed and the number of treatments that will be given. This treatment may provide a cure for cancer. 2 Oct. <http://www. Jackson National History Day 11 November 2009 VCU Massey Cancer Center. 2009. Imaging studies also may be performed during the simulation process to help plan how to direct the radiation during your treatments. 02 Nov. • Treatment plan – once the simulation process is completed. Sometimes. radiation therapy usually begins with these procedures: • Simulation process – after a physical examination and a review of your medical history.edu/cancer/?pid=1544>. control the disease or help relieve its symptoms. At Massey. Web. Radiation oncology uses special kinds of energy waves or particles to fight cancer. Radiation therapy is used in several ways depending on the type and location of the cancer.

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->