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Cargo Ventilation Book

Cargo Ventilation Book


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Cargo Ventilation Book
Cargo Ventilation Book

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Published by: Capt M J Thavapunithan John on Oct 02, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The basic answer to the question of when cargo should be ventilated is: when either
comparison of dew points, or the three-degree rule, indicates that it should. However,
that may not always be the case, and the master may have to take other considerations
into account.

Fumigated cargo

It is not uncommon for agricultural cargoes (such as grain, rice, animal feeds, etc.)
to be fumigated on board the ship on completion of loading. Masters will commonly
be given written instructions, either from their charterers or from the fumigators, to
keep their vessels' holds sealed for a stated period (while the fumigant does its work),
and then to ventilate to remove the residual fumigant gas. In this case they should
follow instructions. In cases where the cargo has been fumigated, on no account should
crewmembers enter the holds until these have been certified gas-free at the discharging
port; the IMO Recommendations on the Safe Useof Pesticides in Ships states that authorised
personnel at the discharging port should monitor the hold atmosphere before it is

Charterer's instructions

Masters may receive other instructions, particularly in the charterparty; regarding
ventilation. There are a number of, mainly German, charterers who require masters to
submit wet-bulb and dry-bulb temperatures of the outside air and from the holds on a daily
basis to the German weather service (Deutsche Wetterdienst). Experts in the weather
service then analyse these data and instruct masters whether they should ventilate, or
withhold ventilation from, each hold.
Once again, if masters have been given written instructions from their charterers,
they should in general carry out those instructions. In this case it is clear that problems
may arise; if masters receive, from the weather service, advice which seems to them, as the
people on the spot, to be inappropriate, or when, for example, they do not consider they
can obtain reliable in-hold readings. The most sensible advice in that case is to contact
the charterers, discuss the problem, and obtain confirmation of the charterers' instructions
(preferably in writing).

A charterparry may also incorporate general instructions on ventilation, sometimes to
the effect of 'ventilate the cargo whenever possible.' These should not be seen as a blanket
instruction to ventilate regardless, but rather to do so whenever the temperature or dew
point data indicate that it is appropriate.
Where no written instructions are given, masters should either obtain comparative
dew points or apply the three-degree rule, as appropriate, and do as these indicate they


Hazardous cargoes

Hazardous commodities are carried according to the schedules in the IMO International

Maritime Dangerous Goods Code and Code of Safe Practicefor Solid Bulk Cargoes. Some of these
schedules incorporate instructions on routine ventilation to be applied, and others list
emergency action to be taken in certain circumstances. In all cases the schedules in the
codes should take precedence over ship's sweat considerations.

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