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SCHOOL OF CONTUNING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION JAWAHARAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY COURSE STRUCTURE FOR B.TECH. (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING I YEAR S.NO 1 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8 CODE C1BSO1 C1BS02 C1 ECO1 C1 ECO2 C1 CS10 C1 ECO3 C1 ECO4 C1 CS11 Mathematics –I Mathematics – II Electronic Circuit Analysis & Design Probability Theory, Signals & Systems C & Data Structures Network Theory & Transmission Lines Electronic Circuits Lab Computer Programming Lab Subject Credits 8 8 8 8 8 8 4 4
B.Tech.(CCC) I/IV YEAR 1
TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY - 9848581807
C1 BS01 - MATHEMATICS – I (Common to all branches) UNIT-I : Sequences - Series - Convergence and divergence - Ratio test - Comparison test - Integral test - Cauchy's root test - Raabe's test – Absolute and conditional convergence. Rolle's theorem - Lagrange's Mean Value theorem - Cauchy's Mean value Theorem - Generalized Mean Value theorem (Taylor's Theorem) UNIT-II : Functions of several variables - limit and continuity - partial differentiation -Chain rule - Total derivative - Euler's theorem, Jacobian - Functional dependence. Maxima and Minima of functions of two variables with and with out constraints, Radius, Center and Circle of Curvature - Evolutes and Envelopes. UNIT-III : Curve tracing - Cartesian, polar and parametric curves. Applications of integration to lengths, volumes and surface areas in Cartesian and Polar coordinates. UNIT-IV : Differential equations of first order and first degree - formation. Exact, linear and Bernoulli. Applications to Newton's Law of cooling, Law of natural growth and decay, Orthogonal trajectories, Non-homogeneous linear differential equations of second and higher order with constant coefficients with RHS term of the type eax, sin ax, cos ax, polynomial in x, e V(x), x V(x), method of variation of parameters. UNIT-V : Laplace transforms of standard functions - Inverse transform - Linearity first shifting Theorem. Transforms of derivatives and integrals - Unit step function - second shifting theorem - Dirac's delta function Differentiation and integration of transforms Multiple integrals: Double and triple integrals -change of variables – Change of order of integration. UNIT-VI : Vector Differential Calculus: Gradient, Divergence, Curl and their related properties of sums, Products,Laplacian and second order operators. Vector integral Calculus: Vector integration - Line integral - work done -Potential 2
TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY - 9848581807
function - area, surface and volume integrals. Green's theorem,Stoke's and Gauss' Divergence Theorem. Verification of Green's, Stoke's and Gauss'Theorems. Curvilinear Coordinates - Cylindrical, Spherical Coordinates – Expressions of Grad, div, curl in Spherical, Cylindrical and Curvilinear Coordinates. UNIT-7: Matrices — brief review — Inverse of a matrix by adjoint , elementary row transformations — Rank - Normal form — eachelon form. Augmented matrix — Consistency — Solution of system of simultaneous linear homogeneous and non-homogeneous equations. UNIT-8: Eigen values, Bigen vectors — properties — Cayley-Hamilton Theorem (Inverse and powers of a matrix by Cayley-Hamifton theorem). Quadratic forms —positive, negative definite — Diagnolization of matrix. Calculation of powers of matrix — Modal and sprectral matrices. Real matrices — Symmetric, skewsymmetric, orthogonal. Linear Transformation — Orthogonal Transformation. Quadratic forms — Reduction of quadratic form to canonical form — index —signature. Complex matrices Hermitian, Skew-Herimitian and Unitary — Eigen values and elgen vectors of complex matrices and their properties. TEXT BOOKS: 1. lyengar, Krishna Gandhi, ”A Text Book of Engineering Mathematics “, Vol-1, 2002, S.Chand. 2. B.V. Ramana, “ Engineering Mathematics”, 2002,TMH. 3. C. Sanakraiah, “Engineering Mathematics – I”, 2002, Vijaya. 4. P. Nageswara Rao, Y. Narsimhulu, Prabhakara Rao, ”Engineering Mathematics I”,2002. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. S. K. V. S. Sri Rama Chary, M. Bhujanga Rao, Shankar, ”Engineering Mathematics”, 2000, BSP 2. Erwin Kreyszig, ”Advanced Engineering Mathematics” , 8e, 2001 , John Wiley. 3. Michael D. Green Berg, ”Advanced Engineering Mathematics “, 2e, PHI. 4. Sarveswara Rao Koneru, ”Engineering Mathematics “, 2002, Orient Longman . 5. N. P. Bali, ”Engineering Mathematics – I”, Laxmi. 3
Cos Z. ez.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .MATHEMATICS – II (Common to all branches) UNIT – I Formation of Partial differential equations by elimination of arbitrary constants and arbitrary functions . – Z – Transforms.Residue theorem – Evaluation of standard real integrals – Argument principle – Rouche’s theorem and Fundamental theorem of algebra. Line integral – Cauchy’s Integral Theorem – Cauchy’s Integral formula – derivative of analytic functions – Taylor’s and Laurent’s Series. – Simple Properties – solution of differences equations. – successive approximation methods. Solution of one-dimensional heat equation. UNIT –V Residue. Regula false position.9848581807 B. one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace’s equation by the method of separation of variables. Harmonic and Conjugate harmonic functions.solutions of standard first order equations of type I. Newton-Raphson. Bilinear Transformation. log Z. UNIT –IV Elementary functions and their properties of Sin Z. log Z.(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 BS02 .Tech. Cosh Z. Zeroes and Poles. UNIT –II Fourier integral theorem. 4 . ez. II. III and IV. Sinh Z. bisection. Cos Z. Conformal mapping of function Zn. UNIT –VI Numerical Methods-I: Iterative methods.Finite and infinite Fourier Transform – Inverse Transforms – Solution to initial boundary value problems. UNIT –III Complex functions – Continuity – differentiability – Analyticity – Cauchy – Reiman Equations in Cartesian and polar coordinates. – Inverse Z – Transforms. Sin Z. Solution of linear simultaneous algebraic equations – Gauss – Jordan and Gauss – Seidel’s methods.
Iyengar. Prentice-Hall. 4. Krishna Gandhi “ A Text Book of Engineering Mathematics” – Vol 2 Revised edition 2004. 5 . 3. UNIT –VIII Numerical Methods-III: Numerical interpolation by Trapezoidal and Simpson’s 1/3 and 3/8 th rules – Numerical solution of differential equations by Euler’s method – Runge – Kutta methods – Milne’s predictor – Corrector methods.S. TMH. Chand. Forward differences – backward differences and central differences. Least square approximation of functions – Linear regression – Polynomial regression. Vijaya Publication 2002.9848581807 UNIT –VII Numerical Methods-II: Interpolation. Ramana. Interpolation Methods. Sankaraiah. Second Edition – 2004.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .. Numerical Methods by S. S. Engineering Mathematics by B. Recommended Text Books 1.Sastry. 2. Engineering Mathematics-II by C.V.
Small signal low frequency transistor amplifier circuits: h-parameter representation of a transistor. Thermal run away and thermal stability. symbol. Generalized analysis of LC. RC-phase shift and Wien-bridge oscillators.(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 EC01 . UNIT – V: SINGLE STAGE AMPLIFIERS: Classification of amplifiers – Design of single stage amplifiers. applications limitations and specifications of -BJT. Analysis of single stage transistor amplifier using h-parameters: voltage gain. Frequency and amplitude stability of oscillators. UNIT – VI: MULTISTAGE AMPLIFIERS: Cascaded amplifiers. parameter calculations. Effect of Feedback on Amplifiers characteristics. RC and LC type oscillators.9848581807 B. crystal oscillators.frequency response. UNIT – II AMPLIFIERS Biasing. Colpitts). input impedance and Output impedance. criteria for fixing operating point and methods of Bias stabilization. MOSFET.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . DIAC. UNIT – III FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS Concepts of feedback.ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS & DESIGN UNIT – I TRANSISTOR CHARACTERISTICS Construction. Quartz (Hartley. α and β cut off frequencies of transistor. calculation of Band widht and concept of Gain Bandwidth Product. equivalent circuit. 6 . analysis and design (all configurations of BJT and FET to be considered). HF model of transistor. FET amplifier – frequency response. Optoelectronic devices. UNIT – IV OSCILLATORS Condition for oscillations. Classification of feedback amplifiers. Specifications of amplifiers. UJT and MOSFET's (different configurations of transistors are to be considered). Comparison of BJT and FET RC coupled amplifier . BW of multistage of amplifiers. SCR.Tech. Simple problems. oscillators. DC equivalent model. TRIACs. principle of operation. FET Small signal model. V-I characteristics. FET. Biasing of FET. current gain. General characteristics of negative feedback amplifiers.
TMH. Microelectronics – by Millman and Grabel.Lal Kishore. interstage design.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .symmetry pushpull amplifiers – Design of heat sinks. TMH 2. UNIT – VIII: TUNED AMPLIFIERS: Single tuned. stability considerations. Electronic Devices and Circuits – by R.9848581807 UNIT. Pearson Ed.Publications 2.L. PHI. pushpull and complimentary .VII: POWER AMPLIFIERS: Classification of power amplifiers. Class B and Class C tuned power amplifiers. Electronic Devices and Circuits – by K. B and C power amplifiers. Class A. 7 . TEXT BOOKS: 1.S. AB. efficiency. cross-over distortion and harmonic distortion. power output. Asia. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky. double tuned and stagger tuned voltage amplifiers. B. REFERENCES: 1. Electronic Devices & Circuits – by Millman and Halkias .
TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY - 9848581807
B.Tech.(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 EC02 - PROBABILITY THEORY, SIGNALS & SYSTEMS UNIT I Concept of probability, Random Variables, Discrete and Continuous, Probability distribution and density functions, Functions of random variables, Joint and conditional probability density functions, Examples of probability density functions - Gaussian and Rayleigh density functions. UNIT II Statistical average Mean, Variance, Characteristic function, Correlation between random variables, Sum of two random variables, Central limit theorem. UNIT III Random Processes: Stationary random process, Ergodicity, power spectral density and auto correlation function of random processes. Transmission of random processes through networks. UNIT IV Noise Sources, thermal noise, noise power spectral density, noise temperature, available noise power and available noise power spectral density, available noise bandwidth, noise figure, effective input noise temperature, noise figure of cascaded systems, narrow band noise, Quadrature representation of narrow band noise. UNIT – V Analogy between vectors and signals, orthogonal vector and signal spaces, approximation of a function by a set of mutually orthogonal functions, evaluation of mean square error, closed or complete set of orthogonal functions, orthogonality in complex functions, trigonometric and exponential fourier series, representation of periodic function by fourier series, complex fourier spectrum, representation of arbitrary function, concept of fourier transform (F.T), F.T. of simple functions, concept of impulse function, F.T. involving impulse functions, properties of fourier transforms, concept of convolution in time domain and frequency domain, graphical representation of convolution, sampling theorem and its proof, effect of under sampling. UNIT – VI Linear system, impulse response, response of a linear system, linear time invariant (LTI) system, Linear time variant (LTV) system, Transfer function of a LTI system. Filter characteristics of linear systems. Distortionless transmission through a system, signals bandwidth, system bandwidth, Ideal LPF, 8
TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY - 9848581807
HPF and BPF characteristics, causality and physical realization, relationship between bandwidth and rise time. Energy density spectrum , Parseval's theorem, power density spectrum. UNIT – VII Cross correlation and auto correlation of functions, properties of correlation function, relation between auto correlation function and energy/power spectral density function. UNIT – VIII Review of Laplace transforms, partial fraction expansion, inverse Laplace transform, concept of region of convergence (ROC) for Laplace transforms, constraints on ROC for various classes of signals, Properties of L.T's, relation between L.T. and F.T. of a signal. Laplace transform of certain signals using waveform synthesis. TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. Probability, Random Variables and Random Signal Principles – by P.Z. Peebles. Signals, Systems & Communications – by B.P. Lathi, BS Publ.
REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Signals & Systems by Simon Haykin, Wiley Studen Ed
TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY - 9848581807
B.Tech.(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 CS10 - C & DATA STRUCTURES UNIT - I Algorithm, flowchart, program development steps, basic structures of C language, C tokens, data types, declaration of variables, assigning values, arithmetic, relational and logical operator, increment and decrement operators, control operator, bit-wise operator, expressions, evaluation, input-output operators, UNIT - II IF and SWITCH statement, WHILE, DO-WHILE and For statements, C: Programs covering all the above aspects. UNIT - III One dimensional & two dimensional arrays, initialisation, string variables, declaration, reading, writing, string handle function, user-defined functions, variables & storage classes, example C Programs. UNIT - IV Structure definition, initialising, assigning values, passing of structures as arguments, unions, declaring & initialising of pointers, pointer based expressions, arrays, strings. UNIT - V functions and structures, C Program examples, file management in C, opening & Closing, I-O operations files. UNIT – VI Stacks, representing stacks in C, Infix, Postfix & Prefix Programs, recursion in C, Queue & its sequential representation, circular queue, sequence. UNIT – VII Single Linked List, Double linked list, Circular List, applications, binary trees, representation, tree traversals, graph representation, graph traversals spanning trees. UNIT – VIII Search techniques: linear and binary search methods, sorting methods Exchange sort, selection sort, quick sort , tree sort. TEXT BOOKS: 1. C & Data Structures - by E. Balaguru Swamy TMH 2002. 2. Data Structures using C - by A.S. Tanenbaum, PHI. REFERENCE BOOK: 1. Fundamentals of Data Structures - by Horowitz & Sahani.
Concept of self and mutual inductances . RC. Duality & Dual networks. RLC for step. Complex and Polar forms of representation.II R.S. Impedance.Loop and nodal methods of analysis of networks with dependent and independent voltage and current sources.Voltage . Star-to-delta or delta-to-star transformations.Resonance Series. ramp. R-C. pulse and impulse excitations using Laplace Transform Methods.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Norton's. UNIT . dot convention . UNIT . Real and Reactive Powers .J-notation. UNIT -IV Network theorems (without proof): Tellegen's. Susceptance and Admittance.parallel and series parallel combinations) with sinusoidal excitation .Tech. Concept of Power factor. Parallel Circuits. Phase and Phase difference. co-efficiency of coupling . RC.III Network topology: Definitions .Concept of Reactance. Faraday’s Laws of electromagnetic induction . UNIT .(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 EC03 . UNIT .. Series – Parallel.Initial conditions – Classical method and Laplace transform Methods of solutions – Response of RL. Series R-L.I Circuit Concept . R-L-C and parallel combinations with variation of various parameters .NETWORK THEORY & TRANSMISSION LINES UNIT . Basic Cutset and Basic Tieset matrices for planar network.M. Concept of Bandwidth and Q-factor. L and C (in series .V Transient response of RL. Millman's and Compensation theorems for dc and ac excitations. Thevenin's. Steady state analysis of R. Complex Power – Locus diagrams.RLC parameters – Voltage and Current sources – Source transformation .9848581807 B. Reciprocity. Maximum Power Transfer. RLC circuits (series and parallel combinations) for dc and Sinusoidal excitations .Current relationship for Passive elements Kirchhoff's laws – Network Reduction Techniques – Series.VI 11 ..Graph . Parallel. Magnetic circuits.Tree. Superposition. and Average values and Form factor of different periodic wave forms.
India Publication). SC & OC lines. Transmission Lines and Networks by Umesh Sinha. Engineering Circuit Analysis . 2. expression for i/p impedance. distortion and loading. McGraw Hill Companies.S.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Satya Prakashan (Tech. UHF lines as Circuit Elements. Kemmerly.9848581807 Two port network parameters – Z. single and double stub matching techniques.High pass and Band pass filters .by William Hayt and Jack E. UNIT –VII TRANSMISSION LINES: Primary & secondary constants. Raju. Filters . Smith chart – its configuration and applications. λ /2 lines-impedance transforms. losslessness/low loss characterization. 5th edition. Transmission Line equations phase and group velocities. λ /8. UNIT –VIII Illustrative problems. λ /4. (ABCD) Transmission and Hybrid Parameters for Resistive Networks – concept of Transformed Network – 2-port network parameters using transformed variables. TMH Publications. 12 . (incl. 2. Pearson Education.Low pass .Constant k and mderived filters and composite filter design. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.N. Electromagnetic Field Theory and Transmission Lines – by G. Network Theory – Sudhakar and Shyammohan. Y. TEXT BOOKS: 1. New Delhi. Of Smith Chart Applications and Stub Matching).
7. Class C Power amplifier. 9. CC configuration. Part B (All 6 experiments to be conducted) 1. Push Pull amplifiers. Class A. 2. 5. FET characteristics. Class B Complementary Symmetry Configuration. 4. UJT Characteristics. Class C Tuned Voltage amplifier.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . 6.(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 EC04 .ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS LAB Part A (6 experiments to be conducted) 1.Tech. CE. Single Stage RC coupled Amplifier FET amplifier (Common Source) Wien Bridge Oscillator RC Phase shift Oscillator Feed back amplifier (current series) Feed back amplifier (Voltage series) Colpitts Oscillator Hartley Oscillator. Measurement of h parameters of transistor in CB. 8. Class AB Power amplifiers. 4. 13 .9848581807 B. 3. 2. Class B. 3. 6. 5. Two stage RC coupled amplifier.
1 . * and %). 5.COMPUTER PROGRAMMING LAB 1. Write a C program to extract a portion of a character string and print the extracted string. write C program using while loop to reverse the digits of the number. Example 1234 to be written as 4321. 5 . Implement the following data structures using Arrays i) Stacks ii) Linear queues iii) Circular queues iv) Dequeue 9. 8.(CCC) I/IV YEAR C1 CS11 . The Fibonacci sequence of numbers is 1. i) Implement Stack using singly linked list ii) Implement queue using singly linked list 12. Write C program using do-while to calculate and print the first m Fibonacci numbers. /. …. Singly linked list and doubly linked lists i) Insertionii) Deletion iii) Lookup 11. 2. -. 3 . 8 . Assume that m characters are extracted starting with the nth character. The resultant matrix C is to be printed out along with A and B.9848581807 B. 4. 3. i) Insertion ii) Deletion iii) Inorder Traversal iv) Pre order Traversal v) Post Order Traversal 10.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . subtract. Also write the main program that uses these procedures.Tech. 6. Write a C' program to obtain the product of two matrices A of size (3x3) and B of size (3x2). Implement binary search tree using linked list and perform the following operations. write a C' program that takes two operands and one operator from the user performs the operation and then print the answer. Given number. Write a function that will scan a character string passed as an argument and convert all lower case characters into their upper case equivalents. 7. Write C procedures to add. Using switch-case statement. based on the recurrence relation f(n) = f(n-1) + f(n-2) for n > 2. Assume suitable values for A & B. 2 . (Consider operators +. multiply and divide two complex numbers (x+y) and (a+b). Implement the following sorting techniques i) Bubble sort ii) Insertion sort iv) Heap Sort iii) Quick Sort 14 .
3. 2. Antennas and wave Propagation Pulse. waves.9848581807 SCHOOL OF CONTUNING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION JAWAHARAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY COURSE STRUCTURE FOR B. Digital and Switching Circuits Control Systems Engineering Electrical technology PDC Lab Electrical machines And Network lab CREDITS 8 8 8 8 8 8 4 4 15 .M. 6. 4. C2 HS01 C2 CS01 C2 EC01 C2 EC02 C2 EC03 C2 EE10 C2 EC04 C2 EE11 NAME OF THE SUBJECT Economics. 7. 1. (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING II YEAR SNO. 8 CODE No. 5.TECH. Accountancy and Management Computer Organization and Operating Systems E.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .
TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . (CCC) II – YEAR ECE C2 HS01 .ECONOMICS.Demand Analysis –Demand concepts.Analyzing and Interpretation of financial statements through Ratio Analysis (simple problems) UNIT – V: CONCEPTS OF MANAGEMENT: Organization and Administration-Function of management-Principles of Management – Organization structure.Features of proprietary partnership and joint stock companies.Elasticity of Demand Forecasting. Determination of Demand. costs and imputed costs. 16 .Marketing Functions –Marketing Mix-channels To civil of distribution –Advertising. UNIT – II: COST ANALYSIS. out of pocket.job evaluation and merit rating.application of network techniques to engineering problems. B) Marketing –Consumer Orientation.9848581807 B. average and marginal costs. Viz. A) Basic Function of personnel Department-Manpower planning. opportunity Costs-break even analysis. UNIT – VII: NETWORK ANALYSIS: PERT And CPM. namely pay back and discounted cash flow methods (simple problems) UNIT – IV: PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.Cost concepts. Explicit and implicit costs. UNIT – VI: INTRODUCTION OF FUNCTIONAL AREAS OF MANAGEMENT: Production-Personnel –Marketing-Finances.TECH. ACCOUNTANCY AND MANAGEMENT UNIT – I: Nature and Scope of Managerial Economics. A) Capital-Estimation of Capital Requirements-sources of Finances and Methods of raising finances. B) Forms of business Organization. Fixed and Variables costs. UNIT – III: INTRODUCTION TO CAPITAL BUDGETING-Methods of Capital Budgeting.
Chand & Sons.ARYASRI Management Science TMH. REFRENCE BOOKS: 1. Vikas Publications. Industrial Engineering & Management by O.R. 4th Edition.P.R. 4. Prasannachandra.Varshney and Maheswari –S. 5.9848581807 UNIT – VIII: Resource Allocation. A. 2005 2. project crashing. Meerut. A. Managerial Economics. New Delhi. TEXTBOOKS: 1.Chand and Sons.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Financial Management—1.Khan and Jain 2. 2. S.ARYASRI Management Economics & Financial Analysis 3. 17 . Dhanpat Rai & Sons. and computer application in project Planning.cost Analysis.Khanna. Financial Accounting by Maheswari & Maheswari. New Delhi.New Delhi. Managerial Economics – by Varshney & Maheswari.
based m/c. Asynchronous data transfer.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . MEMORY ORGANIZATION: Memory Classification. Reduced Instruction Set Computer. vector processing. floating point arithmetic operations. decimal arithmetic unit. Accumulator based m/c. pipelining. Decimal arithmetic operations. Auxiliary memory. computer registers. Assembler Design. Input-Output processor. computer instructions. programming. addressing modes. Main Memory. (CCC) II – YEAR C2 CS01 . 18 . micro programme example. arithmetic operation for signed magnitude data.9848581807 B. modes of transfer. complete computer Description. COMPUTER ARTHMETIC: Introduction. Assembly language. instruction pipeline. UNIT III: BASIC COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND DESIGN: Instruction codes. memory reference instructions. timing and control. arithmetic pipeline. priority interrupt.TECH. input-output and Interrupt. Cache memory. instruction cycle. RISC pipeline. Design of Basic computer. fixed point arithmetic operations for signed 2’s complement data. Design of Accumulator Logic. stack based m/c. UNIT II: PROGRAMMING THE BASIC COMPUTER: Machine language. MICROPROGRAMMED CONTROL UNIT: control memory. instructions format. Input-Output Interface. macros. I/O programming. fixed point. array processors. Direct Memory Access. memory Hierarchy.COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND OPERATING SYSTEMS UNIT I: GENERAL CPU ORGANISATION: Introduction. UNIT V: PIPE LINE AND VECTOR PROCESSING: Parallel processing. subroutines. address sequencing. Virtual memory. Nano programming UNIT IV: I/O ORGANIZATION: Peripheral devices. General Register. Memory Management Hardware. typical control unit.
1994. File protection. DEVICE SCHEDULING: Necessity for device scheduling. prevention. Interconnection Structures. Dealth Addison Wesley. domains of protection. Page replacement. Interprocessor Arbitration. file characteristics.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . characterization. avoidance. combined systems. protection problems. Access matrix. PROTECTION: Goals of protection. Real time multiprocessors. paging segmentation. desirable characteristics of scheduling policies. scheduling objectives and criteria scheduling algorithms and their evaluation. Swapping multiple partition. FILE AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT: File Concepts. Thrashing. Access methods. Batch. TEXT BOOKS: Computer Architecture & Organization: Morris Mano 3rd edition PHI. critical section problem. hierarchy of processes. Demand paging. types of files. Multiprogramming.. precedence graph. 2. Introduction to Operating Systems: Harvey M. Language based protection security. MEMORY MANAGEMENT: Bare Machine. 1. UNIT VII: PROCESSOR SCHEDULING: Scheduling concepts. Monitor. file system functions. Interprocessor Communication and Synchronization. Scheduling algorithms. semaphores. Page replacement algorithms. 1. Allocation algorithms. UNIT VIII: CONCURRENT PROCESS: Process concept. monitors. 1994 19 . Introduction to deadlocks. Directory Systems. Overlays. Virtual machine.9848581807 MULTIPROCESSORS: Characteristics of microprocessors. multi processor scheduling. REFRENCE BOOKS: Computer System Architecture: Morris Mano 3rd edition PHI. Allocation Methods. scheduling levels. Resident Monitor. UNIT VI: INTRODUCTIONTO OPERATING SYSTEMS: Early Systems. Virtual Memory Management. Access list. detection and recovery. inter process communication. Cache Coherence. Capability list. Time sharing.
Gauss Law and Applications. Halfwave Dipole – Current Distributions. Faraday’s Law and Transformer emf.EM WAVES. B. Power Loss in a Plane Conductor.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Antenna Theorems – Applicability and Proofs for Equivalence of Directional Characteristics. Surface Impedance. Radiation from an Alternating Current Element. Magnetic Scalar and Vector Potentials. Magnetic Energy. Maxwell’s Equations for Time Varying Fields. Propagation Characteristics in Good Conductors and Good Dielectrics. Radiation Intensity. Fields. Effective Hight. UNIT – III: Maxwell’s Equations and Wave Equations: Equation of Continuity for Time Varying Fields. Capacitances – Parallel Plate. Ampere’s Circuital Law and Applications. Radiation: Retarded Potentials. Wave Equations and their Solutions for Dielectric and Conducting Media. Resolution. Radiation Characteristics. Directivity. Beam Area.TECH.9848581807 2. Poisson’s and Laplace’s Equations. Maxwell’s Two Equations. UNIT – V: Antenna Parameters: Radiation Patterns in Principal Planes. Aperture Efficiency. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE C2 EC01 . Antenna Apertures. Electric Potential. Gain. Electric Field Intensity and Flux Density. Addison . UNIT – II: Magnetostatics : Biot-Savart’s Law. Maxwell’s Two Equations. Wesley. Quarterwave Monopole. Boundary Conditions at DielectricDielectric and Dielectric-Conductor Interfaces. UNIT – VI: 20 Computer System Concepts: PatterSon & SibberSchatz. Small Loop Antennas and Comparison with Short Dipoles. Polarization. UNIT – IV: EM Wave Characteristics: Reflection and Refraction of Plane Waves – Normal and Oblique Incidences for Perfect Dielectric and Perfect Conductor Interfaces. Energy Density. ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION UNIT – I: Electrostatics: Coulomb’s Law. Beamwidths. Coaxial. Beam Efficiency. Magnetic Flux Density. Poynting Vector and Poynting Theorem – Applications. Spherical Capacitors. Ampere’s Force Law.
and J. John Wiley. Ionospheric Abnormalities. 2001.. Ground Wave Propagation – Characteristics. Elements of Electromagnetics – Matthew N. Oxford Press. Sky Wave Propagation – Formation of Ionospheric Layers and Their Characteristics. Balmain. Reflection and Refraction. 21 . PHI. 2003. Rhombic Antennas. Optimum Frequency. Binomial Arrays. 2001.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Principle of Pattern Multiplication. Tech India Publ. Radius of Curvature of Path.. Distance Criterion. Horn Antennas – Types. Buck. 2. Corner and Parabolic Types. Broadband Antennas: Helical Antennas. Antennas for All Applications – John D. New Delhi. 2. 2nd Ed. Sadiku. Cassegrainian Feeds. UHF and Microwave Antennas: Reflectors – Plane Sheet. Lens Antennas – Geometry. balanis. 7 th ed. Their Geometry and Characteristics. Non-Resonant Antennas: Travelling Wave Radiators. Features of Dielectric Lenses. REFRENCE BOOKS: 1. 3rd ed. 3rd ed. Antennas and Wave Propagation – K. Critical Frequency. Directivity and Gain Measurements. Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems – E. Space Wave Propagation – LOS and Radio Horizon.D. Tropospheric Scattering. Jordan and K. 2006. UNIT – VIII: Wave Propagation: Types and Frequency Ranges. Marhefka. Optimum Horns. 3. Antenna Measurements: Patterns Required.. 2000. Prasad.O. Virtual Hight.A. 2001.C. 4. Kraus and R. UNIT – VII: VHF.. Antenna Theory – C. M – Curves and Duct Propagation.J.G. 2nd ed. TMH. Satya Prakashan. Yagi Uda Arrays and Folded Dipoles. TMH.A. Engineering Electromagnetics – William Hayt Jr.. TEXT BOOKS: 1.9848581807 Antenna Arrays: Two Element Array. Set up. LUHF. MUF and Skip Distance. Tropospheric Waves and Field Strength Calculations.. N – Element Linar Arrays – Broadside and Endfire Arrays.
TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .. 22 . Springer (India) Pvt. Engineering Electromagnetics – Nathan Ida. Ltd. 2005. New Delhi. 2nd ed..9848581807 3.
astable blocking oscillator. SWITCHING CIRCUITS: ( Brief treatment) Switching Characteristics of diodes and transistors.9848581807 B. transistor clippers.practial circuit. application in TV. emitter coupled clipper .pulse .synchronization of sweep circuits with symmetrical signal.Monostable and Astablemultivibrators using transistors. Schmitt Trigger.synchronation.(Elementary treatment). step voltage . Linear current sweep. 23 . Phase delay and pulse jitters.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Sampling oscilloscope. UNIT – II: NON LINEAR WAVESHAPING: diode clippers. UNIT – IV: GATES: Uni directional and Bi-directional Sampling gates and BLOCKING OSCILLATORS. Monostable and Astable multivibrators.TECH.High pass RC network as differtiator low pass RC network as integrator. . Sampling gates.emitter timing .clamping operations. RL and RLC circuits and their response for step input. attenuators and their applications in CRO probe. UNIT – III: MULTIVIBRATORS: Bistable. effect of diode characteristics on clamping voltage. synchronization of Astable multivibrators. Bistable. applications of Voltage comparators .diode comparator.base timing . SYNCHRONATION AND FREQUENCY DIVISION Principles of synchronization .square wave and ramp inputs . DIGITAL & SWITCHING CIRCUITS UNIT – I: LINEAR WAVESHAPING:High pass and low pass RC circuits and their response for sinusoidal. SWEEP CIRCUITS: Voltage sweep methods of liberalizations. SAMPLING GATES: Operating principles of sampling gates. ringing circuit. clipping at two independent Levels. unidirectional and bi-directional. Schmitt Triggers.PULSE.bootstrap and miller circuits. Clamping circuit theorem. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE C2 EC02 . Transistor as a switch. diode differentiator. clamping circuits using diodes with different inputs.
Basic postulates. Error correcting codes. Alphanumeric codes.compliment of a function. arithmetic in excess-3 code.9848581807 UNIT – V: NUMBER SYSTEM AND CODES: Review of number systems (conversion). state assignment. Binary 11and 2’s complement arithmetic.NOR and EX-OR gates.D and master slave flip flops. series and parallel synchronous counters. shift registers. PAL and PLA. Design of switching functions.Detection and minimization. cyclic codes. BCD adder.connonical. transition tables.Encoders.OR. modulo. Self complementing codes.NAND.NAND.Subtractor . synthesis of state diagram.Full adder. UNIT – VIII: SYNTHESIS OF CLOCK MODE AND PULSE MODE CIRCUITS: Distinction between clok mode and pulse mode circuits. gray codes.conversion between canonical forms .truth tables of AND. input 24 . state diagram and state table representation of Synchronous and Asynchronous sequent ional circuits.N-counter. Universal gates NAND and NOR as universal Gates.JK. Using multiplexer . Switching circuits and Binary signals. BOOLEAN ALGEBRA AND LOGIC GATES: Definition of Binary logic.OR.Digital comparator. Properties of EX-OR gates.Adder/Sub tractor unit. Harzards in combinational circuts. Mealy and Moore sequential circuits. Characteristic equation and excitation functions. floating point arithmetic.NOT. Half adder . UNIT – VII: INTRODUCTION TO SEQUENTIONAL CIRCUITS:S-R. Representation of switching functions and simplificaton. positive and negative logic. SOP and POS forms .parity checker/generator.ROM and its applications. carry look ahead adders.Decoders. ripple counter. Basic theorems and properties of Boolean algebra. Excess-3 adders. Multiplexer. synchronous counter. Excess-3 code. weighted and non-weighted codes. Duality.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .NOR and EX-OR gates. Hamming code. state minimization methods. Parallel and serial adders. Maximizing using K-map and tabulation method.minterns and maxterms . Design using MSI devices. karnaugh map representation. Ring and Twisted ring counter.NOT. UNIT – VI: DESIGN OF COMBINATIONAL CIRCUITS: Design of single output and multiple output Functions. Design of various counters. sequence detector. Design using conventional AND.T. Parity checking. Error detecting codes.
strauss . Hazards in sequential circuits. Digital circuits and logic design. SYNTHESIS OF LEVEL MODE SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS: Incompletely specified sequential circuits. Design of modulo N-counters.J.Hill and Perterson (JOHN WILEY) 4.9848581807 output equations. Switching and finite automata theory.MGH. TEXT BOOKS: 1.Sammuel C Lee (PHI) 3.Z.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . 25 .milliman and taub(IST) 2. Introduction to switching theory and logic design-E.(TMH) .kohavi. race-free design. Design from problem statement. cycles and races. state minimization and design. Digital design – morris mano REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. 2. Wave generation and shaping –L . Pulse digital and switching circuits.
Classification of control systems. 26 .TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Different examples of control systems. Feed-Back Characteristics. Effects of feedback. UNIT – III: TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS: Standard test signals . (CCC) II – YEAR ECE C2 EC03 .Time response of first order systems – Characteristic Equation of Feedback control systems.Translational and Rotational mechanical systems UNIT – II: TRANSFER FUNCTION REPRESENTATION: Transfer Function of DC Servo motor .TECH.CONTROL SYSTEMS ENGINEERING UNIT – I: INTRODUCTION: Concepts of Control Systems. Root Locus Technique: The root locus concept . Routh stability criterion – qualitative stability and conditional stability.Reduction using mason’s gain formula.AC Servo motor. Transient response of second order systems .construction of root loci-effects of adding poles and zeros to G(s)H(s) on the root loci.Time domain specifications – Steady state response .9848581807 B. Impulse Response and transfer functions .Synchro transmitter and Receiver.Open Loop and closed loop control systems and their differences. Mathematical models–Differential equations. Block diagram representation of systems considering electrical systems as examples -Block diagram algebra – Representation by Signal flow graph .Steady state errors and error constants – Effects of proportional derivative. UNIT – IV: STABILITY ANALYSIS IN S-DOMAIN: The concept of stability . proportional integral systems.
Macia George J. New Age International (P) Limited Publishers. C. Gopal. Control Systems Engineering – by I. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Thaler. Modern Control Engineering – by Katsuhiko Ogata – Prentice Hall of India Pvt. 3rd edition. “ Modelling & Control Of Dynamic Systems” by Narciso F. Nagarath and M. 1998. state variables and state model. New Age International (P) Limited. Ltd.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .Kesavan . Frequency domain specifications-Bode diagrams-Determination of Frequency domain specifications and transfer function from the Bode Diagram-Phase margin and Gain margin-Stability Analysis from Bode Plots. 27 . PID Controllers. Control Systems by N. 3rd Edition. Diagonalization.. Automatic Control Systems 8th edition– by B. UNIT – VIII: State Space Analysis of Continuous Systems: Concepts of state. derivation of state models from block diagrams. Kuo 2003– John wiley and son’s. UNIT – VI: STABILITY ANALYSIS IN FREQUENCY DOMAIN: Polar Plots. by NISE 3rd Edition – John wiley 4. 2. Control Systems Engg. 2nd edition. UNIT – VII: CLASSICAL CONTROL DESIGN TECHNIQUES: Compensation techniques – Lag. Thomson Publishers. Publishers.Solving the Time Invariant state Equations.State Transition Matrix and it’s Properties TEXT BOOKS: 1. J.K. 3. Lead-Lag Controllers design in frequency Domain.9848581807 UNIT – V: FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS: Introduction. 1998.Sinha. Hitech Publications. Nyquist Plots and applications of Nyquist criterion to find the stability –Effects of adding poles and zeros to G(s)H(s) on the shape of the Nyquist diagrams. 5. 2. Control Systems by S. Lead.
TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Principle of operation – EMF Equation – Distribution and Coil span factors – Predetermination of regulation by Synchronous Impedance Method – OC and SC tests. UNIT . (CCC) II – YEAR ECE C2 EE10 .VII: Single Phase Induction Motors – Constructional features – Shaded pole motors – Capacitor motors.I: DC MACHINES: Principle of operation of DC Machines. UNIT .VIII: 28 .ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY UNIT .9848581807 B.TECH.IV: Losses and Efficiency of transformer and Regulation – OC and SC tests – Predetermination of efficiency and regulation (Simple Problems).V: THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR: Principle of operation of three-phase induction motors – Constructional features – Slip ring and Squirrel cage motors – Slip-Torque characteristics – Efficiency calculation – Starting methods. UNIT . AC tachometers. UNIT .II: DC Motors – Types of DC Motors – Characteristics of DC motors – 3-point starters for DC shunt motor – Losses and efficiency – Swinburne’s test – Speed control of DC shunt motor – Flux and Armature voltage control methods.III: TRANSFORMERS: Principle of operation of single phase transformer – types – Constructional features – Phasor diagram on No Load and Load – Equivalent circuit UNIT .EMF equation – Types of generators – Magnetization and load characteristics of DC generators UNIT . Synchros. Stepper Motors – Characteristics. UNIT-VI: Alternators – Constructional features – types. AC servomotor.
2nd Edition. TMH Publ. Electrical Machines – P. Prentice Hall of India. 29 . Khanna Publishers. Electrical Engineering – Del Toro. TEXT BOOKS: 1.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Kamakshaiah.9848581807 ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENTS: Basic Principles of indicating instruments – Moving Coil and Moving iron Instruments (Ammeters and Voltmeters)Dynamometer type wattmeter’s. Introduction to Electrical Engineering – M. 2. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.S Bhimbra.S Naidu and S.Induction type energy meter – Measurement of Single Phase and three Phase power.
3. Characteristics of D.C. 2. Speed control of D. Shunt Generator. Verification of Maximum Power transfer Theorem. Calculation of coefficient of coupling between two coils. 10.C. 4. Verification of Superposition Theorem. NETWORKS Lab: 1.TECH. 8.C.C. 5. Tests on 1 – Phase Transformer.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Shunt Motor By field control and armature control method. O. 5. 30 . 12. 3. 2. LINEAR WAVE SHAPING NONLINEAR WAVE SHAPING (CLIPPERS) NONLINEAR WAVE SHAPING (CLAMPEARS) TRANSISTOR AS A SWITCH STUDY OF LOGICGATES SAMPLING GATES ASTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR MONOSTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR BISTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR SCHMITT TRIGGER UJT AS A RELAXATION OSCILLATOR BOOTSTRAP SWEEP GENERATOR C2 EE11 Electrical Machines & Networks Lab Electrical Machines Lab: 1. (CCC) II – YEAR ECE C2EC O4 . 6.C. 9. O. 3. Calculation of Z and Y parameters of Two Port Network. 4. Load test on Induction Motor. 5. 11. 4. 2.PDC LAB 1.9848581807 B. 7. Load test on D. Shunt Generator.C.C. and S. Verification of Thevinin’s and Norton’s Theorem.
5.NO. 3. 8 CODE No. 7. C3 EC01 C3 EC02 C3 EC03 C3 EC04 C3 EC05 C3 EC06 C3 EC07 C3 EC08 NAME OF THE SUBJECT Analog and Digital Communications IC Analysis. 2. 4. 6.9848581807 SCHOOL OF CONTINUING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY COURSE STRUCTURE FOR B. (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING III YEAR S. 1.TECH.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Design & Applications Microprocessors & Micro-controllers Digital Signal Processing Microwave Engineering Electronic Instruments Measurements and CREDITS 8 8 8 8 8 8 4 4 Communications Lab IC Applications Lab 31 .
Balanced Slope Detector. Phasor Diagrams for FM signals. Ratio Detector. spectra. need for modulation. 1. Types – Slope Detector. SSB-SC cases. Applications of different AM systems. Spectrum of FM signal for sinusoidal modulation . AM-DSB: conventional AM – BW power content and power relations. ring modulator .ANALOG AND DIGITAL COMMUNICATION UNIT – I: AMPLITUDE MODULATION Introduction to modulation. 2) SSB SYSTEMS: SSB . envelope detector. demodulation. Phase and frequency deviation. Comparison of AM systems. AM – definition. FET). power content. demodulation – synchronous demodulator. Spectrum of a constant BW FM. (Ref. frequency multiplication.TECH. demodulation. Detection . 3.9848581807 B. (Ref. Generation – filter method. Comparison of FM Demodulators.4) 32 . types. types of modulation. Generation square law modulator. 3. Phase Discriminator (Foster Seely). DSB-SC: frequency translation.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Narrow band and wide band cases. FM demodulators : Principles. VSB: generation.spectral characteristics. types.rectifier detector. power content. 2) FM GENERATION AND DETECTION Generation of FM Signals: Direct FM – Parameter Variation Method (Implementation using Varactor. BW considerations. spectra. Indirect FM – Armstrong System. 2) UNIT – II: ANGLE MODULATION: Definition. (Ref. effects of frequency and phase errors in synchronous detection DSB-SC. balanced modulator. (Ref. phase shift method. 1. BW requirements. FM with square wave modulation. PM & FM relations. Multiple frequency modulation – linearity. switching modulator. sideband features. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3 EC01 .
SSB-SC. M-Ary Signalling schemes. Time division Multiplexing (TDM). Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) and Pulse Position Modulation (PPM) – Characteristics. FSK. UNIT – VII: DIGITAL CARRIER MODULATION SCHEMES: Introduction. Eye Diagrams.9848581807 UNIT – III: NOISE EFFECTS AND SNR Effects of noise and SNR calculations for DSB-SC. Elements of Pulse Code Modulation (PCM). 2) UNIT – IV: PULSE-ANALOG MODULATION: Sampling Theorem. PCM Vs Analog Modulation. Shaping of the Transmitted signal spectrum. Delta Modulation. UNIT – VI: PULSE-DIGITAL MODULATION: Quantization. Quantization error. (Ref. UNIT – VIII: ERROR CONTROL CODING: 33 . Optimum receiver for Binary Digital Modulation Schemes. Comparison of different Communication Systems (BW and SNR). case of implementation. FM (threshold effect. Noise in Delta Modulation Systems. Types of sampling. Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM). DPSK Schemes. UNIT – V: BASEBAND DATA TRANSMISSION:Introduction. Comparison of PCM and DM systems. Practical aspects of sampling. Differential PCM Systems (DPCM). Equalization. PSK. Synchronization. Adaptive Delta Modulation. conventional AM. Reconstruction of Low-Pass and Band-Pass signals. pre-emphasis and de-emphasis) and PM.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Comparison of all analog modulation systems – BW efficiency. Sampling of Band-Pass Signals. Bandwidth Requirements of PCM. Scrambler and Unscrambler. power efficiency. Noise in PCM systems. threshold extension. Binary ASK. 1. Comparison of Digital Modulation Schemes. Introduction to M-Ary Signaling Schemes. Baseband Binary PAM systems. Duobinary Baseband PAM systems.
Lathi. Linear Block Codes.9848581807 Introduction. BS Publ. Electronic Communication Systems – by Kennedy.P. 2. Principles of Communications Systems – by Taub & Schilling TMH. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Binary Cyclic Codes. John Wiley and Sons.by B. Pearson Education. Communication Systems – by Simon Haykin.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Proakis and Masoud Salehi. Communication Systems . Communication Systems Engineering – by John G. TEXT BOOKS: 1. 34 . 3. Sam Shanmugam. Convolution Codes. 3. Digital and Analog Communication Systems – by K. McGraw Hill Publ. 2. John Wiley.
IC ANALYSIS DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS UNIT – I: INTEGRATED CIRCUITS: Fabrication and characteristics-IC technologybasic monolithic integrated circuits. basic DAC techniques. building blocks of 35 .parallel comparator type ADC. ECL. Specifications AD 574 (12 bit ADC).introduction. etching and diffusing. masking. ac amplifier. UNIT – IV: OSCILLATORS: Oscillator types and principle of operation – RC. and IC 1408 DAC. New Digital IC families. successive approximation ADC and dual slope ADC. I2LCIC. Schmitt trigger. UNIT – VI: D to A & A to D CONVERTERS: Introduction. Monostable and Astable operations and applications. 565. DAC and ADC Specifications. Wien and Quadrature type.Digital IC families : DTL. Multivibrators. principles and description of individual blooks. Schmitt Trigger. square wave and VCO. PLL . 1st order LP. waveform generators – triangular. counter type ADC. Differentiators and Integrators. Epitaxial growth. introduction to voltage regulators.TECH. MOS & CMOS. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3 EC02 . Band reject and all pass filters. features of 723. HP filters. R-2R ladder DAC. Different types of ADCs . UNIT – V: TIMERS & PHASE LOCKED LOOPS: Introduction to 555 timer. sawtooth. CI2LIC. UNIT – II: OP-AMP APPLICATIONS: Basic applications of Op-amp. sample & hold circuits. UNIT – III: ACTIVE FILTERS: Introduction. weighted resistor DAC.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . instrumentation amplifier. block schematic. inverted R-2R DAC. introduction to VLSI engineering concepts. RTL. Comparators. UNIT – VII: DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS: Digital IC characteristics.Comparison of Digital IC families.9848581807 B. Band pass. V to I and I to V converters. impurities. EFLIC. functional diagram. multipliers and dividers.
PHI. New Age International (p) Ltd. Frequency Measurement. PLAs. Pearson Education. Decoders. Lal Kishore. Flip-Flops. Frequency Counters. Op-Amps & Linear Ics . Encoders. Ratio. UNIT – VIII: DIGITAL SYSTEM BUILDING BLOCKS: Counters with registers. 2. ROM. Schmitt trigger. Linear Integrated Circuits – D.9848581807 Digital systems. Delay Measurements. Roy Chowdhury. Linear IC Applications – K. EEPROM.MC GrawHill. De-multiplexers. 3. 2. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Introduction to System Design using ICs: Sonde. 3. D/A & A/D converters. Basic Digital circuits. Free running clocks and wave form generators. Crystal clock. PROM. TEXT BOOKS: 1. RAM. 36 . Period measurement. Micro Electronics: Milliman. Frequency. 2005/PHI. Operational Amplifiers: Clayton.System Design Examples. PLDs. Gayakwad.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .Ramakanth A. EPROM.
Architecture. Architecture. 8259. Floppy interface. interface through various IC peripheral chips like 8255. Register Organization. UNIT . Stepper motor. LEDs.MICROPROCESSOR & MICROCONTROLLERS UNIT -I: Introduction. organization of PC Hardware. 80486 and Pentium processors. external H/W interrupt Program the serial communication interrupts. String manipulation. serial data input/output interrupts. Architecture operations & Jump operations.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . procedures. 8275. Memory (Static & Dynamic) and IO interface with 8086. WHILE repeat.VIII: Introduction to 8051-Architecture. IEEE-488. Instructions UNIT .IV: Interfacing I: 8086 System bus structure. UNIT . UNIT . UNIT .V: Interfacing-II. I/O pins for ports and circuits.80386. Implementation of for loops. S/W debugging tools. Logical operations. Interfacing of switches keyboards. code memory. counter/timer programming in 8051. Modes /indexed addressing mode.VII: Advanced Microprocessors: Introduction and salient features of 80286.III: AL Programming of 8086 – Simple programs using the Assembler Machine Language Coding.VI: Interfacing-III: Serial Communications standards. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3 EC03 . read only data. Addressing modes. A-D & D-A. counters & timers. 8051 interrupt Programming. timer interrupt programming.II: 8086 Architecture: Functional Diagram.9848581807 B. prototyping & trouble shooting.80 UNIT . 8051 connections to RS-232. 37 . IF THEN. 8257. interrupt priority into 8051. 8272. CRT interface.Addressing modes.TECH. MDS. Overview of 8-bit Processors likes 8085 MC6800 & Z . Transducers actuators. UNIT . External data modes. RS-232. Programming and Design features of 8279. 7Segment Display units. External memory & Internal memory. Programming & Design features of 8251 USRT. ELSE IF Features. 20ma current loop. 8051 serial communication programming.
TMH 2003 2. Penram International 2001. Danuius Tabak: Advanced Micro processors (Mc Graw Hill 2nd edition) 3. Ayala K.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .9848581807 TEXT BOOKS: 1. programming & Hardware”. DV. REFRENCE BOOKS: 1. Hall: Microprocessor & Interfacing.Hall: Digital Systems and Microprocessors. Gibson : Microprocessors on S/W and H/W” 2.J: The 8051 Micro controller Architecture Programming & Applications”. Douglas V. 38 .
Frequency Sampling technique. stability and causality. UNIT – VII: MULTIRATE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING: Decimation.Radix-2 decimation in time and decimation in frequency.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING UNIT – I: INTRODUCTION: Introduction to Digital Signal Processing: Discrete time signals & sequences. 39 .TECH. UNIT – VI: FIR DIGITAL FILTERS: Characteristics of FIR Digital Filters. sampling rate conversion. solution of difference equations of digital filters. Lattice structures. FFT Algorithms. UNIT – V: IIR DIGITAL FILTERS: Analog filter approximations – Butter worth and Chebshev. Spectral transformations. interpolation. Discrete Fourier transforms (DFT). UNIT – II: DISCRETE FOURIER SERIES: Properties of discrete Fourier series. Realization of digital filters – direct. DFS representation of periodic sequences. Design of FIR Digital Filters using Window Techniques. Comparison of IIR & FIR filters. System function. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3 EC04 . frequency response of stable systems. Computation of DFT. Design of IIR Digital filters from analog filters. linear shift invariant systems. UNIT – IV: REALIZATION OF DIGITAL FILTERS: Applications of z-transforms. UNIT – III: FAST FOURIER TRANSFORMS: Fast Fourier transforms (FFT) . cascade and parallel forms. Frequency domain representation of discrete time signals and systems. linear convolution of sequences using DFT.9848581807 B. Properties of DFT. stability criterion. frequency response. Bilinear transformation method. Linear constant coefficient difference equations. filter design and implementation for sampling rate conversion. Inverse FFT. canonic. FFT with General Radix. step and impulse invariance techniques.
TMH. Thomson.W. Special addressing modes. 2005. Venkata Ramani. Digital Signal Processing – S. WSE. Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing – Robert J. Discrete Time Signal Processing – A. 3. Harris. Examples: Features of TMS 320CXX Processors.Gard and D. John Wiley. Architecture. Schilling and Sandra L. 4th reprint. J.B. 3.V. TEXT BOOKS: 1. External memory accesses.9848581807 UNIT –VIII: INTRODUCTION TO DSP PROCESSORS: Introduction to programmable DSPs: Multiplier and Multiplier Accumulator (MAC). Salivahanan et al. 1989.. TMH. Programming & Applications. Pipelining. Modified Bus Structures and Memory Access schemes in DSPs Multiple access memory. PHI. Pipeline operations. 1996. 2. Digital Signal Processors. Digital Signal Processing : Principals.. Cavicchi.PHI. M. 4. Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing – Loney Luderman. Oppenheim and R.. Multiport memory. 2004. Schaffer. . VLSI Architecture.G.Manolakis. Algorithms and Applications Proakis. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Peripherals. 3rd Edn. Internal Architecture. Bhaskar. 2. 40 . On-Chip Peripherals. 2004.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Digital Signal Processing – Thomas J. 2000.
9848581807 B. Wavelengths. Rectangular Waveguides – TE. Waveguide Windows. Waveguide Cavity Resonators – Rectangular and Cylindrical Cavities. Circulator.II: Circular Waveguides – Introduction. Velocity Diagram. Dominant Modes and Resonant Frequencies. Principle of Working. Cut-off Frequencies. Attenuation Factor – Expressions for Parallel Plate Guide (TEM) and Rectangular Guide (Dominant Mode). Methods of Tuning. Parallel Plate Waveguides – TE.I: Microwave Transmission Lines – I: Introduction. TM. Hybrid Ring. UNIT . Electronic Admittance. Expressions for Power o/p and Efficiency. Q factor. TM Analysis and Dominant Mode. Nature of Fields. Scattering Matrix: Significance and Formulation. E and H Plane Tees. Applications of Microwaves. Velocity Diagram. Power Transmission and Power Losses. UNIT . Reflex Klystrons – Structure. O Type Tubes: 2 Cavity Klystrons – Structure. UNIT . Q Factor and Coupling Coefficients. Microstrip Lines – Introduction. Principal Mode and its Significance. Losses.II: Microwave Transmission Lines . Field Variations in the Cross Section.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Field Vatiations in the Cross Section. Z0 Relations. Faraday Rotation. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3 EC05 . Effective Dielectric Constant. TEM Mode Analysis. Characteristic Equation. Waveguide Attenuators. Waveguide Phase Shifters. Small Signal Theory. Velocities. Directional Couplers – Characteristics and Applications. 41 . Wave Impdeances. Isolator. Gyrator. Magic Tee. Properties of S-parameters. UNIT.TECH.MICROWAVE ENGINEERING UNIT . Circulator. S-Matrix Calculations for 2-port Junction. O and M Type Classifications. Directional Coupler. Magic Tee. Tuning Screws and Posts.III: Waveguide Components: Probe and Loop Coupling. Isolator. Waveguide Multiport Junctions: E and H Plane Tees. Dominant Mode and Propagation Characteristics.IV: Ferrite Components: Ferrites – Composition and Characteristics.V: Microwave Tubes – I: Limitations and Losses of Conventional Tubes at Microwave Frequencies. Mode Characteristics. Matched Loads. Power o/p and Efficiency. Microwave Spectrum and Bands. Wave Meters.
Microwave Circuits and Passive Devices – M. Cavity Q and Impedance.2002. Foundations for Microwave Engineering – R. Gunn Diode – Principle. 2nded. Hull Cut-off and Hartree Conditions.. Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems – E. 1955. New Delhi. Types. READ.. 1. Measurement of Reflex Klystron Mode Characteristics. 3.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Balmain. 2000.A. 4. 2. Classification. PHI.9848581807 UNIT. Microwave Power Measurement. PHI. Microwave Engineering Passive Circuits – P. UNIT.Significance of Slow Wave Structures. TEDs.S. Modes and Characteristics. 1999. Parametric Amplifiers – Principle of Operation. Suppression of Oscillations. Cross-field effects. Sisodia and G. REFRENCE BOOKS: 1.E. VSWR. UNIT. Raghuvanshi.VII: Microwave Solid State Devices: Introduction. Liao. Different Blocks and their Features.G. Modes of Resonance and PI-Mode Operations... 8 cavity Cylindrical Travelling Wave Magnetron. Performance Characteristics. TEXT BOOKS: Microwave Devices and Circuits – Samuel Y. New Age International Publ.VI: Microwave Tubes – II: Helix TWTs . Applications. Measurement of Attenuation. IMPATT and TRAPATT Diodes – Principles of Operation and Performance Characteristics. Description of TWT and its Amplification Process (Qualitative Treatment).E. Characteristics and Applications.L.C.. Gain Considerations. 1995. 3rd ed.. John Wiley. McGraw-Hill. Frequency. 4th ed. Reich et al. M – Type Tubes : Introduction. Collin. Magnetrons – types. Jordan and K. 42 . Microwave Principles – H. RWH Theory.VIII: Microwave Measurements: Description of Microwave Bench (X – band). Terman. Rizzi. 2. Wiley Eastern Ltd. 2nd Ed. 1994. 2004. Precautions. 3.J... Electronic and Radio Engineering – F. CBS Publ. IEEE Press.
UNIT – VIII: TRANCEDUCERS: principle. selection criteria and area of applications 43 .C.ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION UNIT – I: MEASUREMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION: Analog and digital Measurements .C.9848581807 B. time base generator. UNIT – V: OSCILLOSCOPE: Basic Circuitry.TECH. spectrum analyzer. curve limitation errors. Voltmeter. period measurement. harmonic distortion analyzer. electronic A.C Bridges and their applications. synchronization of sweep circuits. classification characteristics. UNIT – III: REVIEW OF AC INDICATORS INSTRUMENTS: ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTS: electronic D.T bridges. time interval measurement. function generators.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . wave analyzers. Balanced bridge voltmeters. UNIT – II: BRIDGES : D. Sampling CRO . A. Shielding of bridges. UNIT – VI: WAVE FORM GENERATORS: Signal generators. UNIT – IV: MEASUREMENT OF POWER : Power measurement on transmission lines. Ohm-meter and its applications in measurements of very low capacitances and impedance of tuned circuits.Performance characteristics-Types of errors -Statistical analysis of errors and the Gaussian error. twin T and Bridged.frequency measurement. CRO probes ADVANCED LAB OSCILLOSCOPES: High frequency considerations. applications of CRO. modes of operation. UNIT – VII: FREQUENCY AND TIME MEASUREMENTS: Time based and associated circuitry .storage CRO. DVMs. VU meter. universal counter timer. Bridges and their applications. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3 EC06 . voltmeters.C.
moisture. Temperature transducers: Resistance and Thermocouple types. acceleration. 44 .9848581807 FORCE AND DISPLACEMENT TRANSEDUCER: Strain gauge. TEXT BOOKS: 1.G. magnetic and radio-active transducers. REFRENCE BOOKS: 1. Instrumentation Devoice and systems :C. Piezoelectric transducers. humidity. MISLLANEOUS TRANSDUCERS: Measurement of force.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation : Oliver and Dage 2. Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques :W.S. Rangan . vacuum levels velocity. LVDT. Electronic Measurements :Terman and petit. pressure. Transducers and Display Systems: B.Sarma and Mani.R.Sonde 3. photo – sensitive.DCooper.PHI 2.S.
12. FSK Modulation and Demodulation. Frequency Modulation and Demodulation. 6. Sampling theorem. 5. 2. Pulse Width Modulation and Demodulation. 11. 8. Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation. 4.TECH. Pulse amplitude Modulation and Demodulation.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . 10. 9. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE CE EC07 . Pulse Code Modulation AND Demodulation. 7. 3. Differential Pulse Code Modulation and Demodulations. Time Division Multiplexing & Demultiplexing.COMMUNICATIONS LABORATORY 1. Balanced Modulator and Demodulator. Delta Modulation and Demodulation. PSK Modulation and Demodulation. 45 .9848581807 B.
9848581807 B. 5. 2.APPLICATIONS LABORATORY 1.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . FULL ADDER.C. DIGITAL TO ANALOG CONVERTER 12. 7. 3. APPLICATIONS OF OPAMP FULL WAVE RECTIFER CIRCUITS 555 TIMER APPLICATIONS DESIGN & VERFICATION OF HALF ADDER.TECH.I. 8. 9. 4. (CCC) III – YEAR ECE C3EC08 . HALF SUBTRACTOR AND FULL SUBTRACTOR FLIPFLOPS IC FUNCTION GENERATOR FILTER CIRCUITS VOLTAGE REGULATOR LOGIC GATES 10. 6. DECADE COUNTER 46 . PHASE LOCKED LOOP 11.
TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . 8 C4 EC04 C4 EC05 C4 EC06 47 . 2. 3. CODE No. C4 EC20 C4 EC21 Digital image Processing Optical Networks & Communications 8 CREDITS 8 8 8 1. C4 EC01 C4 EC02 C4 EC03 NAME OF THE SUBJECT VlSI Technology & Design Communication Systems Advanced Communications Elective – I 4. (CCC) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING IV YEAR S.9848581807 SCHOOL OF CONTINUING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY COURSE STRUCTURE FOR B.TECH. 7. C4 EC22 C4 EC23 Embedded Systems & Computer Architecture Advanced 8 Data Communication & Computer Networks Microprocessors & Micro-controllers Lab Microwave & Signal processing Lab Project 4 4 16 6. Elective – II 5.NO.
John M. 48 . choice of layers.ALUs.Sheet Resistance Rs and its concept to MOSArea capacitance Units.Pad Design.alternate gate circuits.Comparators.Switch logic. Introduction.Ids vs.Design Strategies for Test.Calculations-τ delays.conductance’s-pass transistor. limitations of scaling. UNIT III: Circuit design processes-Stick diagrams. 2. UNIT II: Basic electrical properties of MOS and BI-CMOS circuits.P-Well.Basic circuit concepts.Modern VLSI Design-Weste Eshraghian.Uyemura. Wayne Wolf.Sequential Systems and clocking disciplines. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4 EC01 . Principles of CMOS VLSI Design. UNIT IV: Logic gates and other complex gates. PMOS. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.driving large capacitive loadswiring capacitances.Packages.Test Principles.Power OptimizationSequential Testing. pull-up and pull. Vds relationships aspects of Vt.VLSI TECHNOLOGY & DESIGN UNIT I: Introduction to IC technology. Introduction to VLSI circuits and Systems-John.Zero/One Detectors Counters –High Density Memory Elements.Adders.Chip Level Test Techniques.Fan-in and Fan-out. Puck Nell. (PHI 3rd Edition). MOS. n-well and Twin tub processes. Kamran Eshraghian: Basic VLSI Design.I/O Architecture. UNIT VI: Sub System Design.TECH.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .Parity Generators. UNIT VII: Floor Planning. NMOS circuits. Need for Testing. inverters design and Analysis-Catch-up.Weste Eshraghian. NMOS. UNIT VIII: CMOS Testing. scaling of MOS circuits.forms of pull-up CMOS inverters. CMOS technologies.Latches. BI-CMOS technology.9848581807 B. EEE) 1997. Douglas A.Floor Planning Methods.off Chip Connectors. 3.Flip-Flops. P. Sequential System Design.Multipliers. UNIT V: Sequential Machines.Shifters.down ratio.System Level Test techniques – Layout Design for improved Testability and the Algorithms to Layout. 2.John Wiley. TEXTBOOKS: 1.layout design rules. Rabaey: Digital Integrated Circuits (PHI.
major telecommunication networks. Transmission systems. Communication receivers. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE (C4 EC02) COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS UNIT – I: RADIO RECEIVERS TRF and superheterodyne receivers. Radar frequencies. Block schematic of pulse radar. choice of IF. combination switching. Charging plan. Cell splitting. time multiplexed time switching.III: Mobile Radio: Frequency reuse. RF. Image frequency. UNIT – II: TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING SYSTEMS Classification of telecommunication switching systems. Broadband ISDN -Interactive and distributed services. UNTI – IV: The nature of Radar. Point-to-Point and Point-to-Multipoint connects. UNIT . Fading and diversity reception. Receiver characteristics and their measurements. cellular mobile telephony. Time multiplexed space switching.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . AGC. THE RADAR EQUATION: Prediction of range performance.TECH. receiver noise.9848581807 B. Minimum detectable signal. common channel signalling. Propagation effects. Radar cross section of targets 49 . Introduction to Integrated Switching Digital Network (ISDN). tone and volume controls. Inchannel signalling. Numbering plan. Continuous and bursty traffic. FM receivers. mixer and IF stages. Simple Radar Equation. integration of radar pulses. alignment and tracking of radio receivers. Signal to noise ratio. Applications of Radars. Switching hierarchy and transmission plan. TELEPHONE NETWORKS Subscriber loop systems. Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) system. Space division switching and Time division switching.
Skolnik. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Limitations to MTI performance. Cosecant Squared antennas. conical scan. 2nd ed.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. 3. Radio Engineering – by G. Staggered PRF. Addison Wesley. Khanna Publ. PRF and Range ambiguities. Non-coherent MTI. DETECTION OF RADAR SIGNALS IN NOISE: Matched filter receiver. UNIT – VI: MTI AND PULSE DOPPLER RADAR: Introduction. FM-CW radar – Block diagram and characteristics. 50 . nonzero IF receiver.I. 4. acquisition. Sequential lobing. applications of CW radar. mono pulse radar – amplitude comparison and phase comparison mono pulse. McGraw-Hill. blind speeds. MTI versus Pulse Doppler Radar. double cancellation. Transmitter power. tracking in range. Briely. Telecommunication Switching. Introduction to Telephone Switching – by B. Low angle tracking.K. Introduction to Radar Systems – M. Mithal.9848581807 (significance). Electronic Communication Systems – by Kennedy (for Units 1 & 2). UNIT – VIII: ANTENNAS FOR RADAR APPLICATIONS: Parabolic-reflector antennas. 2. 2. Isolation between transmitter and receiver. Electronic and Radio Engineering – by FE Terman (for Units 1 & 2). CW Radar – Block diagram. Principle. UNIT – VII: TRACKING RADAR: Tracking with radar. Cassegrain Antennas. Correlation receiver. McGraw-Hill. MTI radar with power-amplifier transmitter and poweroscillator transmitter. Introduction to ECM and ECCM. displays and duplexers. Range Gated Doppler Filters. Qualitative treatment of system losses. PHI (1999) (for Units 3 & 4). Introduction to Phased Array Antennas (basic concepts and applications). comparison of trackers. Delay line cancellors – filter characteristics. McGraw-Hill. multiple frequency CW radar. UNIT – V: CW AND FM RADAR: The Doppler effect.E. Radar receiver. Systems & Networks – by Thyagarajan Viswanthan.
concept of frequency channels.TECH. real time co-channel interference. types of hand-off and their characteristics. Coverage hole filler. cell site.9848581807 5. Uniqueness of Mobile Radio Environment. planing cellular systems. desired C/I from a normal case in an Omnidirectional Antenna System. performance criteria. obtaining the Mobile point-to-point mode. fixed channel assignment. OPERATIONAL TECHNIQUES: Parameters.ADVANCED COMMUNICATIONS UNIT – I: INTRODUCTION TO CELLULAR MOBILE SYSTEMS: A basic cellular system. Operation of cellular systems. John Wiley. Co-channel Interference Reduction Factor. traffic and channel assignment. antenna parameters and their effects. design of antenna system. non-fixed channel assignment. mobile to mobile propagation. UNIT – IV: FREQUENCY MANANGEMENT AND CHANNEL ASSIGNMENT: Frequency management. UNIT – II: INTERFERENCE: Introduction to co-channel interference. Cell Splitting. HAND-OFF. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4 EC03 . dropped call rates and their evaluation. cell splitting and small cells. Communication Systems – Simon Haykin (for Unit 5). point-to-point prediction model – characteristics. B. Narrow beam concept. 51 . DROPPED CALLS: Why hand-off.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . leaky feeders. CELL SITE ANTENNAS & MOBILE ANTENNAS:Characteristics. long distance propagation. non co-channel interference – different types. Analog and digital cellular systems. cochannel measurement. UNIT – III: CELL COVERAGE FOR SIGNAL AND TRAFFIC: General introduction. consideration of the components of cellular systems. ELEMENTS OF CELLULAR RADIO SYSTEM DESIGN: General description of the problem. antenna heights and signal coverage cells. Antennas at cell site. diversity receiver. Mobile Antennas. foliage loss. Propagation over water or flat open area. propagation in near distance.
Tracking. ORIBITAL ASPECTS OF SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS: Orbitals. Lee. 1. 3. MacMillan Publ. Wireless Communications – by Theodore S. McGrawHill. system noise temperature and G/T ratio. spacecraft subsystems. 52 . UNIT – VIII: EARTH STATION TECHNOLOGY: Earth station Design. up link design. a brief history of Satellite Communications. Richharia.Y. tracking and command. Pearson Education. UNIT – VII: SATELLITE LINK DESIGN: Basic transmission theory. Satellite Communications – by Robert M. CBS Publ. attitude and orbit control system. Giglardi. equipment for Earth Stations.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Spacecraft antennas. Orbital effects in communication systems performance. communication subsystems. Satellite Communications – by Pratt. MULTIPLE ACCESS: Frequency division multiple access (FDMA). power systems. Small earth station Antennas. Code Division Multiple access (CDMA). Time division Multiple Access (TDMA). UNIT – VI: SPACE CRAFT: Introduction. the Current State of Satellite Communications. Mechanics. 4. Look Angle determination. Design of satellite links for specified C/N. Design of Large Antennas. Design of down links. Satellite Communications – by Agarwal. TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. Orbit determination. Rappaport. Mobile Cellular Telecommunications – by William C. REFERENCE BOOKS: Satellite Communications – by M. John Wiley. telemetry. Orbital perturbations. 2.9848581807 UNIT – V: INTRODUCTION: The Origin of Satellite Communications. launches and launch vehicles.
9848581807 53 .TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .
Discrete Fourier transforms. Enhancement by point processing. Image sharpening. Encoding process. UNIT – VI: Image Segmentation: Detection of discontinuities. the source encoder and decoder. Spatial filtering and enhancement in frequency domain. Error. 54 . sampling and quantization. Least Mean Square filters. UNIT – III: Image enhancement: Background. Lossy compression. elements of visual perception. properties of 2-D Fourier transform – Fast Fourier transform. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4 EC20 .TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Walsh transform. Thresholding. Boundary descriptors and reginal descriptors.DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING (ELECTIVE.Fidelity criteria. Image coding relative to fidelity criterion – Image compression models. Image smoothing. Hotelling transform.TECH.free compression. Colour Image processing. elements of digital image processing system. the channel encoder and decoders. UNIT – II: Image transforms: Fourier transform.I) UNIT – I: Digital Image fundamentals: Digital Image representation. image model. Error free encoding. Inverse filtering. Histogram processing. UNIT – V: Image Coding . Discrete Cosine transform. imaging geometry. Hadamard transform. Constrained Least Squares Restoration – Interactive Restoration . UNIT – IV: Image restoration: Degradation model. basic relationships between pixels. Edge linking and boundary detection. UNIT – VII: Representation and description: Various Schemes for representation. Region Oriented Segmentation.9848581807 B. Algebraic approach to restoration.
Vaclav Hlavac. convolution. Image Processing & Machine Vision – by Milan Sonka. filter back projection algorithms.K. Addison Wesley. PHI. 55 . Jain.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .C. 2nd edition. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Weeks. Fundamentals of Electronics Image Processing. Digital Image Processing – by R.9848581807 UNIT – VIII: Image reconstruction from projections. Jr.E. Woods. Roger Boyle. TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. random transform. Gonzalez & R. Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing – by A. 2.by Arther R. PHI.
power bandwidth product. avalanche photo diodes. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4 EC21 . light source materials. fiber connectors. optical fiber modes and configurations (Fiber types. link power budget.modes and resonant frequencies. UNIT – V: OPTICAL FIBER CONNECTIONS AND MEASUREMENTS: Source to fiber power launching – basics. internal quantum efficiency. transmission distance limits. transient response.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY .9848581807 B. 56 .OPTICAL NETWORKS & COMMUNICATIONS (ELECTIVE-I) UNIT – I: INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS: Introduction and Historical Background. reliability.Absorption. different types of dispersions. core and cladding losses. point to point links. Ray optics representation. UNIT – II: TRANSMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF OPTICAL FIBERS: Attenuation . Measurement of attenuation and dispersion. Elements of an optical fiber communication system. fiber alignment and joint loss. OPTICAL FIBER WAVEGUIDES: Nature of light. scattering and bending losses in fibers. Applications. fiber splices. Mode theory of circular wave guides. single-mode fibers. Signal distortion in optical waveguides. LEDs – Structures. Rise time Budget. Graded – index fibers. Basic optical laws and definitions. analog receivers. Advantages of Optical Fiber Communications. Noise in detectors.TECH. step index and graded index fibers). Semiconductor Laser Diodes . Wavelength Division Multiplexing. Physical principles of PIN photo detectors. Rays and modes. modulation capability. UNIT – IV: OPTICAL RECEIVER AND DIGITAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS: Fundamental receiver operation. pre amplifier types. wave representation. UNIT –III: OPTICAL SOURCES AND DETECTORS: Basic semiconductor properties. fiber materials. digital receiver performance calculation. pulse broadening.
Optical Nodes. Backbone Connections. SONET/SDH Multiplexing Structure. 3rd edition 2. SONET Multiplexing Hierarchy. 2. Timing Downstream Devices. Digital Signaling Hierarchy (T or DS). Optical Market Place. Optical Networks – by Uyless Black. Method of Clock Exchange. 3/e. PHI. Optical Fiber Communications – Gerd Keiser. SONET and SDH Problem Detection. Pearson Education. Local Connections. Virtual Tributaries and Virtual Containers.VI: INTRODUCTION & TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE Three Generations of Digital Transport Networks. Types of Timing in Networks. Distribution of Timing Using SONET and DS1. Evolution of Optical Networks. 2nd edition REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Digital Multiplexing Hierarchy. Building Integrated Timing Supply. Agarwal.9848581807 UNIT . UNIT -VII: TIMING & SYNCHRONIZATION Timing and Synchronization Digital Networks. Mynbaev and Lowell L. SONET/SDH Frame Structure. 57 .TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Mc Graw-Hill. SONET and SDH Functional Components. Effect of Timing Error. Senior. Locating and Adjusting Payload with pointers. Optical Fiber Communications – John M. PEI 3. Timing Loops UNIT . John Wiley Publ. Layered Protocol Model Networks.K. Fibre Optic Communications – by D. Fibre Optic Communication Systems – by Govind P. Synchronization Status Messages. Key terms. Clocking Signal. Timing Variations. Wireless Optical Systems. SONET and SDH Concatenation TEXT BOOKS: 1. Brief Introduction to WDM and TDM.VIII: SONET and SDH Reasons for Success of SONET/SDH. Scheiner. Considerations for Internetworking Layers.
TECH. Design Technology. IC technology. models Vs.EMBEDDED SYSTEMS AND ADVANCED COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE (ELECTIVE –II) UNIT – I: INTRODUCTION: Embedded systems overview. optimizing custom single purpose processors. Systems synthesis and hardware/software code sign. the parallel evolution of compilation and synthesis. custom single purpose processor design (RT-level). concurrent processes.9848581807 B. Behavioral synthesis. RT synthesis. data flow model. languages. finite state machines with data path model (FSMD). reuse of intellectual property codes. UNIT – III: STATE MACHINE & CONCURRENT PROCESS MODELS: Introduction. synchronization among processes. sequential logic (RTlevel). 58 . concurrent process model. UNIT – IV: DESIGN TECHNOLOGY: Introduction automation: synthesis. logic synthesis. design challenge. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4 EC22 . implementation. real-time systems. Single purpose processors: RT-level combinational logic. processor technology. Trade-offs. hardware/software co-simulation. operation – pipelining. using state machines. program state machine model (PSM). programmer’s view.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . Application Specific Instrumentation-Set Processors (ASIPs) – Micro Controllers and Digital Signal Processors. UNIT – II: GENERAL PURPOSE PROCESSORS: Basic architecture. development environment. verification. communication among processes.
principles of designing pipeline processors. parallel computer structures. architectural classification schemes. data flow graphs. data flow languages. parallel processing applications. 59 . vector processing. VLSI matrix arithmetic processor. polynomial evaluation. arithmetic pipelines. multi stage networks. dataflow design alternatives. matrix multiplication. parallel shifter. Pipleline concept. addressing schemes. parallel sortings. inter connection networks crossbar switch and multi port memories. parallel algorithms for array processors. single stage and multi stage networks. associative array processor. software requirements for MPS. UNIT – VIII: Data flow computers. nonlinear pipeline and reservation table. Dennis and Irvine machines. dependence driven and multi level event driven approaches. organization. memory hierarchy in parallel processing systems. shuffle exchange and omega networks. VLSI computing structures. data flow computer architectures. multi processor scheduling strategies. linear pipelining and space time diagram.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . SIMD inter connection networks. banyan and delta networks parallel memory organization. systolic array architecture. classification of pipeline processors. mesh connected Illiac networks. parallelism in uniprocessor systems. language features to exploit parallelism. control flow versus data flow. UNIT – VI: SIMD array processors. loosely coupled and tightly coupled multiprocessor systems. masking and routing mechanisms. processor characteristics. inter PE communications. parallel algorithms. classification and requirements. fast fourier transform computation. multiprocessing operating systems.9848581807 UNIT – V: Trends towards parallel processing. interleaved memory organization. UNIT – VII: Multiprocessor architecture.
Givargis. Peter Kacsuk. Brooks/Cole. Scalable Parallel Computing . Thompson Learning. 2. Valvano. Advanced Computing Architectures. 2002.A McGraw Hill. Hwang K. “Computer Architecture and parallel processing”.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . 3. Dezso Sima. Z. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. 2002. TMH. Terence Fountain. Mc Graw Hill. Xu. Embedded Microcomputer Systems – by Jonathan W. Briggs F. 3. K. 2. John Wiley & Sons. Embedded System Design – A Unified Hardware/Software Introduction – by Frank Vahid. Pearson education. Introduction to Embedded Systems – by Raj Kamal. Tony D.9848581807 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 60 . Inc. Hwang.
CSMA. UNIT – IV: INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER NETWORKS: Goals. Frame Synchronization. HDLC. decentralized. data communication codes. Switching and packet Switching. line encoding. Multiplexing. Unrestricted Stop and Wait and Sliding Window protocols. distributed. CSMA/CD Protocols. data transmission on FDM systems. terminal types. Control unit. routing algorithms. flooding. Controlled ALOHA and reservation ALOHA. Polling. Bit interleaving and Word interleaving. collision free and limited contention protocols. UNIT – VI: NETWORK LAYER: Virtual Circuits and Data grams. Equalization. X. error detection. UNIT – V: DATALINK LAYER: Simplex protocols. multi drop. sampling data signals. Error Correction/Detection codes. circuit. Point to point. and 61 . Concentrator. Block Diagram of PCM. Digital Transmission. Packet Assembler / Dissembler. Errors nature.wire operation. transmission modes. Digital interface. Repeater. SDLC. applications. Multiplexer.TECH. UNIT – II: DATA COMMUNINCATIN PROTOCOLS: Asynchronous protocols.9848581807 B. star. Serial interfaces. Synchronous protocols. Hierarchical. T-carriers. DART. Structure. TDM system. Modem. USART.DATA COMMUNICATION & COMPUTR NETWORKS (ELECTIVE-II) UNIT – I: DATA COMMUNICATION METHODS: Data communication circuit configuration topologies. Slotted ALOHA. BISDN reference model and its comparisons. Terminal Handling. PHYSICAL LAYER: Transmission and Multiplexing. modulation. UNIT – III: DIGITAL MULTIPLEXER: Time Division Multiplexing.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . ISO-OSI reference Model.21. synchronization. TCP/IP reference model. data modems. IBM biSync protocol. Introduction to frequency. error correction. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4 EC23 . MEDIUM ACCESS SUBLAYER: Pure Aloha. ring. Architecture. Isolated. 2-wire and 4. HDLC line procedures and HDLC data transfer. line. Token bus θ Token ring. Static. check up method.
Tomasi (Ch. Data Communications and Networking. Advanced electronic communication systems: W.PHI REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. cryptography authentication and digital signature. Computer Communications by William Stallings.3.foronzan-TMH –2004.H. World Wide Web. Virtual terminal protocols. UNIT – VIII: PRESENTATION LAYER: Network security and privacy. PHI 1985.6. Flow control and Buffering. Congestion. 3. BertSerkis and Gallaga. 3. 4. Prentice Hall. Gateways.H.10. Electronic mail. COMPUTER NETWORK: Andrew S.19) 2nd edition 1087P. Multimedia. congestion avoidance.12. addressing and connection establishment. text compression. Data encryption. A file transfer protocols APPLICATION LAYER: Domain Name Service. partly 6)1987 P. Data communication and teleprocessing Systems (ch2.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . TEXT BOOKS: 1.14. Crash Recovery. 2. algorithms-Leaky bucket and Token Bucket algorithm.I. Network layer in the internet and ATM UNIT – VII: TRANSPORT AND SESSION LAYERS: Transport service. Key distribution. Data Communications by Gupta. 3. Tennenbaum. Synchronization. congestion control. 2. 2. 62 .220.127.116.11. Public key.15.Behronz A.9848581807 broadcast routing algorithms. Internet work packet Fragmentation.11. Transport Layer in the Internet and ATM. Data Networks.4.I 1985.5.
Sorting. 4. Timer in different modes. 6. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4EC04 . Reverse string.USART. Microcontroller 8051 1.MIECROPROCESSORS AND MICRO-CONTROLLERS LAB I. absolute addressing. 5.Interrupt Controller.PPI 4. 6. 8279. 63 . 8251. Inserting. 7. Programs using special instructions like swap. 2. 3. Arithmetic operation – Multi byte Addition and Subtraction. Microprocessor 8086 1. Length and of the string. III.Keyboard Display 3. Introduction to MASMT/TASM. bit/byte. Programs based on short. 5.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . II. Using external interrupts. set/reset etc. Near and Far implementation. Serial communication implementation 4. BCD to ASCII conversion. 2. Interfacing 1. page. Deleting. Modular Program: Procedure. Logic operations –Shift and rotate-Converting packed BCD to unpacked BCD. Understanding three memory areas of 00-FF (Programs using above areas). 8255. ASCII – arithmetic operation. By using string operation and instruction prefix: Move Block. 8259. 3. Strings. Recursion. 2. Multiplication and Division – Signed and unsigned Arithmetic operation. DOS/BIOS programming: Reading keyboard (Buffered with and without echo) – Display characters.TECH. String comparison.9848581807 B. Reading and Writing on a parallel port.
10. (CCC) IV – YEAR ECE C4EC05 . Even and Odd parts of given signal. Linear Convolution and Correlation of given signals. C4EC06 – PROJECT WORK ***** 64 . Directional coupler characteristics. Design of FIR filters using windowing technique.MICTROWAVE AND SIGNAL PROCESSING LABORATORY 1.9848581807 B. 7. Gunn Diode Characteristics. 11.TECH. 8. Generation of various signal waveforms using MATLAB. Reflex Klystron characteristics. Program to find frequency response and PSD of given signal 9. Waveguide parameter characteristics 5. Design of IIR filters. Scattering parameters of Directional Coupler. Scattering parameters of Circulator 6. 3. 4.TRIVENI EDUCATIONAL ACADEMY . 2. 12.
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