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QUESTION

A three-phase, 60-Hz, completely transposed 345-kV, 200-km line has two 795,000-cmil
26/2 ACSR conductors per bundle and the following positive sequence line constants:

z = 0.032 + j 0.35 / km
y = j 4.2 × 10 6
S / km

Full load at receiving end of the line is 700 MW at 0.99 p.f. leading and 95% of rated voltage.
Assuming a medium-length line, determine the following:

1. ABCD parameters of the nominal < circuit.

2. Sending-end voltage Vs, current Is, and real power Ps.

3. Percent voltage regulation.

4. Transmission-line efficiency at full load.

SOLUTION

1- The total series impedance and shunt admittance values are:

Z = zl = (0.032 + j 0.35)(200) = 6.4 + j 70 = 70.29 84.78 0


Y = yl = ( j 4.2 × 10 6 )(200) = 8.4 × 10 4
90 0

From transmission matrix of medium length line, we have:

1
A = D = 1 + (8.4 × 10 4
90 0 )(70.29 84.87 0 )( )
2
= 1 + 0.02952 174.78 = 0.9706 + j 0.00269
0

= 0.9706 0.159 0 p.u

B = Z = 70.29 84.78 0

C = (8.4 × 10 4
90 0 )(1 + 0.01476 174.78 0 )
= (8.4 × 10 4
90 0 )(0.9853 + j 0.00134)
= 8.277 × 10 4
90.08 0 S

2- The receiving-end voltage and current quantities are:

1 [PECWORLD Co.] | Designed by : Yaser Rahmati


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VR = (0.95)(345) = 327.8 kVLL


327.8
VR = 0 0 = 189.2 0 0 lV LN
3

700 cos 1 0.99


IR = = 1.246 8.110 kA
3 (0.95 × 345)(0.99)

The sending-end quantities are:

VS = (0.9706 0.159 0 )(189.2 0) + (70.29 84.78 0 )(1.246 8.110 )


= 179.2 + j87.95 = 199.6 26.14 0 kVLL

VS = 199.6 3 = 345.8 kVLL 1.00 p.u

I S = (8.277 × 10 4
90.08 0 )(189.2 0 0 ) + (0.9706 0.159 0 )(1.246 8.110 )
= 1.196 + j 0.331 = 1.241 15.5 0

And the real power delivered to the sending-end is

PS = ( 3 )(345.8)(1.241) cos(26.14 0 15.5 0 ) = 730.5 MW

3- And voltage regulation is :

356.3 327.8
VR (%) = × 100 = 8.7%
327.8
4- The full-load line losses are Ps - Pr =730.5 - 700=30.5 MW and the full-load transmission
efficiency is:

PR 700
Eff = × 100 = × 100 = 95.8%
PS 730.5

2 [PECWORLD Co.] | Designed by : Yaser Rahmati