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MUBINA KHALID Ar-026 UZMA ZAFAR Ar-038
y y y A procession is, in general, an organized body of people advancing in a formal or ceremonial manner. a group of people moving in an orderly state; a regular series; sequence or succession of things resembling a procession The group action of a collection of people or animals or vehicles moving ahead in more or less regular formation
Many elements may be used to make a procession more significant than just "people walking in the same direction"
MODE OF TRANSPORT:
A special mode of transport, such as a ceremonial barge elephant howdah, horse drawn carriage, or a palanquin carried on the shoulders of others.
Including everything from the choir of a church procession to the marching band of a military procession. Criers may march before the procession, yelling to clear the way for it. Some high school homecoming parades include trucks filled with people who do nothing but make as much noise as possible.
Banners, fans, icons, treasure, or other eye-catching items, or leading exotic animal.
For instance. SCENT: Provided by flower bearers or censers of incens. one's nearness to the king or others of high rank had important political connotations when the royal family walked to or from chapel services at the palace of Versailles. SKILLED PERFORMERS: Acrobats or dancer.ORDER OF PRECEDENCE: Even without showy display. and the stylized movement and hierarchy of marching military units clearly sets up a formal procession. a group of people walking forward may be said to form a procession if their order and placement clearly visualize a hierarchy or symbiotic relationship. .
Fireworks illuminate such diverse events as coronations. . ceremonial guards. footmen. or slaves help show off the wealth of the person staging a procession SPECIAL LIGHTING: Candlelight vigils for the deceased or to show political solidarity often include a candlelit procession. the costumes of acolytes. and Thai royal barge processions. parades.SPECIAL COSTUME: Traditionally.
DISPLAY OF POWER: Such as ancient Roman triumphs.FUNCTIONS OF PROCESSIONS: ADVERTISEMENT: The Petit Doudou actors in the procession of the Golden Car in Mons (Belgium). Otumfuo Osei Tutu II of the Ashanti in 1999. the Shah of Iran in 1967. and Norodom Sihamoni of Cambodia in 2004. CHANGE IN GOVERNMENT: Processions play an important role in coronations. such as that of Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom in 1953. the durbar processions of India. and modern reviewing of the troops by generals and heads of state .
. such as those of community organizations and friendly societies POLITICAL SOLIDARITY: Religious ceremonies have since prehistory employed the procession of holy objects to inspire solidarity of belief.ENTERTAINMENT: Parades arranged purely for fun.
such as parades at the beginning of county fairs or at the Olympic Games. graduations. and weddings.EVENTS Processions used to mark the beginning or end of an event. or processions that begin and end funerals. RELIGIOUS PROCESSIONS: Christians Easter Processions Hindus / Sikhs / Buddhist .
MUSLIM PROCESSIONS: Ashoura procession Eid Milad-un-Nabi procession .
PROCESSIONS AT DIFFERENT SCALES: COMMUNITY OR A GROUP Funeral procesions NATIONAL LEVEL Lawyers procession (long march) in Pakistan INTERNATIONAL LEVEL Olympics torch procession .
CASE STUDIES: RELIGIOUS PROCESSIONS: HOLY WEEK: MUHARRAM: POLITICAL PROCESSIONS : JULIUS CAESER: EVENT PROCESSIONS OLYMPICS: .
CASE STUDY # 1 ROMAN TRIUMPHAL PROCESSION .
OBJECTIVES OF THE PROCESSION: A Triumph was a ceremonial procession granted to victorious generals (a dictator. . consul or a praetor) in celebration of a great military victory and to offer a public thanksgiving. The senate trumpeters The humiliated enemy captives who were often in chains The spoils and treasures taken in war White bulls for sacrifice and his personal bodyguards (lictors). ORDER OF TRIUMPHAL PROCESSION: A victorious general in a spectacular chariot drawn by four horses.
JULIUS CEASER TRIUMPHAL PROCESSION APRIL 46 BC .
In April 46. The war against Pharnaces of Pontus The war against king Juba of Numidia. The end of four wars was celebrated: The war in Gaul. ELEMENTS OF TRIUMPHAL PROCESSION: STOLEN RICHES Carriages carried treasures plundered from houses and temples. Julius Caesar celebrated a quadruple triumph. The war in Egypt. DEFEATED EMPEROR IN CHIANS y y The main attraction of the Gallic triumph was the defeated leader of Gaul Vercingetorix Cleopatra's sister Arsinoe walked in parade in chains . which became famous for its extravagance.
SACRIFICIAL OXEN with gold coated horns were led along in parade EXOTIC CREATURES: The Egyptian parade featured giraffes which Rome crowds had never seen before MONUMENTS OF THE DEFEATED STATES: Julius Caesar included a model depicting one of the seven wonders of the world. the pharos lighthouse of Alexandria This display inspired the architects and also helped to justify Caesar's plan to erect similar extravagance in Rome .
.LIGHT AND MUSIC: MUSCIAL MARCH: Musicians played as they marched in the procession CANDLELIT PROCESSION: Elephant carrying flaming torches lit the way in the evening on the last day of the parade.
ROUTE OF ROMAN TRIUMPHAL PROCESSION: Three broad topographic components remained constant in all processions: The sorting out in campus martius The loop around the palantine The terminus at the Capitoline .
and the topography of Rome. y y The rituals of triumphal processions redefined the use of key roman buildings Porta Triumphal is: a gate through which a Roman general.IMPACT OF TRIUMPHAL PROCESSSIONS ON URBAN FABRIC. . passed at the beginning of his march y y y Theatre. who was celebrating a triumph. a street connected in time as well as in space with the past and future of the Roman state. orchestras and circus tracts became segments of triumphal street in order to keep large audiences comfortable throughout the event The 3 theatres built in campus martius were associated with triumphal processions In fact the orientation of the theatre directly respond to the procession Along the procession route open urban spaces were preserved for temporary seating and post parade events Each procession was part of an urban continuum. the triumph ritual.
CASE STUDY # 2 ANCIENT GREEK OLYMPICS PROCESSION .
OBJECTIVE OF THE PROCESSION: To give an honor to the god ZEUS The Games were also used to help spread Hellenistic culture throughout the Mediterranean A tool for political alliances ORDER OF PROGRESSION: The judges The ambassadors from the greek city states that had send athletes Athletes 100 oxen that were to be sacrified on the great altar of zeus .
Olympic athletes and Judges paraded for Olympia from the city of Ellis.ROUTE OF THE SACRED WAYPROCESSION: In the opening ceremonies. This 58 kilometre route was known as as the sacred way .
THE THIRD DAY PROCESSION: y y The third day was chosen for the procession in alympia and the sacrifice because it was right in the middle of the games When everything was ready a trumpet blared and the processin moved off THE THIRD DAY PROCESSION ROUTE: .
ALTARS AND MONUMENTS OTHER BUILDINGS INCLUDE A BANQUETING HALL. A PRIEST S HOUSEAND A HOUSE FOR THE IMPORTANT VISITORS TO STAY AT THE FOOT OF THE HILLOF KRONOS THERE WAS A ROW OF ELEVEN SMALL TREASURIES WHICH ACT AS BANK .A PAUSE BETWEEN THE PROCESSION: THE PROCESSION PAUSED TO THE RIGHT OF ZEUS TEMPLE BEFORE THE GREAT ALTAR PRIESTS AND OFFICIALS MADE SPEECHES AND DEDICATE GAMES TO THE JESUS IMPACT OF OLYMPIC PROCESSSIONS ON URBAN FABRIC: IMPORTANT BUILDINGS AND BANKS ALL OVER THE OLYMPIC SITE THERE WERE OTHER BUILDINGS. STATUES.
CASE STUDY # 3 MUHARRAM PROCESSION .
To announce his status to those who may not know him. To connect and unify people with each other as they share the same tragedy ELEMENTS OF MUHARRAM PROCESSION: ZULJANA: A decorated horse Which is known as the "Zuljana" (Imam Hussain's loyal horse ) TA'Z YA: To built replicas of Imam Hussein's mausoleum . which they called ta'z ya.OBJECTIVES OF PROCESSION: y y y To honor the memory of Imam Hussain (a). and carried them in processions. and pay tribute to him. .
BLACK DRESS: People dressed black for the respect MUHARRAM PROCESSION IN KARACHI: .
M. Mehfil-i-Shah-i-Khurasan. Bombay Bazaar. Jinnah Road. Father Jaminis Road. Baba-i-Urdu Road. Altaf Hussain Road (Old Napier Road). again M. Preedy Street. Thatai Compound. Jinnah Road.A. Barah Imam. Nishtar Road. Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto Road.ROUTE MAP OF MUHARRAM PROCESSION: ROUTES OF MUHARRAM PROCESSION : On 8th Muharram: Shia main Muharram procession start from Nishtar Park via the following routes and it terminate at Hussainian Iranian Imambargah: Nishtar Park. Adamjee Budha Bhoy Road. . Nawab Mahabat Khanjee Road to Hussainian Iranian Imambargah.A.A. Jinnah Road. Mansfield Street. Boulton Market. M.
On 9th Muharram: Shia procession start from Markazi Imambargah Liaquatabad. Jinnah Road Boulton Market. Mansfield Street. On 10th Muharram: Majlis is held at Nishtar Park following which a procession start and proceed from Nishtar Park to Hussainian Iranian Imambargah via Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto Road. Preedy Street. Kharadar.A. Nawab Mahabat Khanjee Road to Hussainian Iranian Imambargah. again M. Imambargah and thereafter it come to Nishtar Park where Majalis held. M. Mehfil-i-Shah-i-Khurasan. Bombay Bazaar. Jinnah Road. Kharadar. Bombay Bazaar. Jinnah Road.A. The procession is start from Nishtar Park for Iranian Hussainian Imambargah.A. Nawab Mahabat Khanjee Road. Mehfil-i-Shah-i-Khurasan. again M. Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto Road. M.A. Mansfield Street. . Kharadar via the following route: Nishtar Park. Boulton Market. Preedy Street. Jinnah Road. Father Jaminis Road. This procession first go to Martin Road. Father Jaminis Road.
CASE STUDY # 4 HOLY WEEK PROCESSION .
OBJECTIVE OF PROCESSION: Holy Week in Christianity is the week before Easter It commemorates the last week of the earthly life of Jesus Christ before his crucifixion on Good Friday and his resurrection on Easter Sunday. .
TORCH PROCESSION: . Christ of the Good Death.ELEMENTS OF HOLY WEEK PROCESSION: JESUS STATUE: Penitents carry the icon Members of the.
consideration should be taken regarding the alternative vehicular circulation of the main roads if any one of the roads is blocked .CONCLUSIONS AND ANALYSIS: URBAN FABRIC AND ROUTE SELECTION All procession meant to create a focus on their agenda so busy circulation routes are normally selected The particular building typology or land use of the city Religious sacred routes Routes having social and political influence PROCESSION CREATE A NEW URBAN SCENARIO: For the limited duration of time processions stop the on going urban activity and a new scenario is created Each procession is part of an urban continuum.time duration and the no. a street connected in time as well as in space with the past and future FUTURE CONSIDERATION FOR THE PROCESSIONS: Procession is a right of every citizen which one could use by taking a permission in which the route.so a city plan should incorporate this factor If considering processions in a city plan . of persons are given .
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