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Answers and Explanations

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Section 1

Essay
Online - Practice Test #1

Section 2

Section 3

Section 5

Section 6

Section 7

These sample essays were originally handwritten by students but are shown typed here for ease of reading. The essays are displayed exactly as students wrote them, without any corrections to spelling, punctuation, or syntax. One handwritten sample essay is provided to illustrate the need for legible and clear handwriting.

Section 8

Section 9

Exemplars:

Section 10

Essay Prompt

Think carefully about the issue presented in the following excerpt and the assignment below.

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Is the way something seems to be not always the same as it actually is? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.

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We often hear that we can learn much about someone or something just by casual observation. We are not required to look beneath the surface or to question how something seems. In fact, we are urged to trust our impressions, often our first impressions, of how a person or a situation seems to be. Yet appearances can be misleading. What “seems” isn’ t always what is.

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The Official SAT Online Course

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Answers and Explanations

Test Sections

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Section 1

View Answers and Explanations
Online - Practice Test #1

Section 2

Section 3

Section 5

1

Despite ------- on taking rare tamarins from their habitat, the illegal trade in the tiny monkeys remains -------.
(A)

Section 6

Section 7

commendations . . obligatory

Section 8

(B)

consultations . . predominant

Section 9

(C) restrictions . . local

Section 10

(D) penalties . . illicit

(E)

prohibitions . . active

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

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Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. "Prohibition" refers to something banned by legal authorities; "active" in this context means in place or functioning. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Despite prohibitions on taking rare tamarins from their habitat, the illegal trade in the tiny monkeys remains active." Since the word "despite" at the beginning of the sentence indicates that the second missing term will describe an outcome of the first missing term, it makes sense to say that although taking tamarins from their habitat is prohibited, the illegal activity still goes on.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. "Commendations" means expressions of approval. "Obligatory" means legally or morally binding. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Despite commendations on taking rare tamarins from their habitat, the illegal trade in the tiny monkeys remains obligatory." It is illogical to say that the illegal traders receive the approval of authorities or that the illegal trade is legally binding.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. "Consultations" means deliberations or discussions. "Predominant" means most common. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Despite consultations on taking rare tamarins from their habitat, the illegal trade in the tiny monkeys remains predominant." Although it is possible to have "consultations" regarding the trade in tamarins, it does not logically follow to say the trade remains common in spite of these discussions.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. "Restrictions" means limits; "local" means confined to a certain place. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Despite restrictions on taking rare tamarins from their habitat, the illegal trade in the tiny monkeys remains local." It is illogical to say that there are limitations on taking tamarins from their habitat and that the illegal trade remains confined to a particular place.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Penalties" means punishments prescribed by law; "illicit" means unlawful. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Despite penalties on taking rare tamarins from their habitat, the illegal trade in the tiny monkeys remains illicit." It is not logical to say that the illegal trade in tamarins remains unlawful despite the punishments imposed on those who engage in it.

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The Official SAT Online Course

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2

Representing a round world on a flat surface is impossible without some -------: the Mercator projection map shows Greenland as over ten times larger than Mexico, a country in fact only slightly smaller than Greenland.
(A)

oversight

(B)

simplification

(C) distortion

(D) sophistication

(E)

superficiality

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. "Distortion" means a lack of proportionality. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Representing a round world on a flat surface is impossible without some distortion: the Meractor projection map shows Greenland as over ten times larger than Mexico, a country in fact only slightly smaller than Greenland." The use of the colon in this sentence indicates that what follows it will be an explanation or definition of the missing word, and since the appearance of Greenland on the Mercator map clearly represents an instance of a lack of proportionality, choice (C) makes sense.

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(A)

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. "Simplification" means a lessening in scope or complexity. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Representing a round world on a flat surface is impossible without some simplification: the Mercator projection map shows Greenland as over ten times larger than Mexico, a country in fact only slightly smaller than Greenland." The use of the colon in this sentence indicates that what follows it will be an explanation or definition of the missing word, and since the appearance of Greenland on the Mercator map represents not so much a lessening of complexity as a change in relative size, choice (B) is incorrect.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Sophistication" would in this context most likely mean an increase in development or cultivation. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Representing a round world on a flat surface is impossible without some sophistication: the Mercator projection map shows Greenland as over ten times larger than Mexico, a country in fact only slightly smaller than Greenland." Since the appearance of Greenland on the Mercator map in no way represents a heightened development or level of complexity, choice (D) is incorrect.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. "Superficiality" means affecting only the surface. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Representing a round world on a flat surface is impossible without some superficiality: the Mercator projection map shows Greenland as over ten times larger than Mexico, a country in fact only slightly smaller than Greenland." Since the appearance of Greenland on the Mercator map does not clearly represent a case of only the surface of something being affected or observed, choice (E) does not make sense.

The highly publicized redesign of the car is essentially -------: the exterior has been updated, but the engine remains unchanged.

intuitive

(B)

cosmetic

(C) incoherent

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Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. "Oversight" means watchful care. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Representing a round world on a flat surface is impossible without some oversight: the Mercator projection map shows Greenland as over ten times larger than Mexico, a country in fact only slightly smaller than Greenland." The use of the colon in this sentence indicates that what follows it will be an explanation or definition of the missing word; the appearance of Greenland on the Mercator map does not represent a case of careful watchfulness.

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"Cosmetic" makes sense in this context. "Retroactive" means extending to conditions that existed or originated in the past. but the engine remains unchanged. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. but the engine remains unchanged.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/21 (D) consequential (E) retroactive ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. the sentence would read "The highly publicized redesign of the car is essentially intuitive: the exterior has been updated. the sentence would read "The highly publicized redesign of the car is essentially cosmetic: the exterior has been updated. "Elusive" means hard to apprehend or find. which changes the exterior but not the engine. is lacking relevance. If one were to insert this term into the text. the sentence would read "The highly publicized redesign of the car is essentially retroactive: the exterior has been updated. "Intuitive" means perceived through instinct. "Consequential" means significant. escaping our consciousness just as we strain to recall a face or a name.htm 2006-11-12 . but the engine remains unchanged. it makes sense to say that memories—because they often escape our consciousness at the moment when we are trying to grasp them—are difficult to capture. escaping our consciousness just as we strain to recall a face or a name. If one were to insert this term into the text. but the engine remains unchanged. "Incoherent" means lacking orderliness or relevance. or lacking in true significance. but the engine remains unchanged. "Cosmetic" means superficial. the sentence would read "Many of our memories are elusive. is Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. since the changes to the car's exterior are more superficial than fundamental. the sentence would read "The highly publicized redesign of the car is essentially incoherent: the exterior has been updated." Because the use of the comma in the sentence indicates that what follows it will be an explanation or definition of the missing word. the sentence would read "The highly publicized redesign of the car is essentially consequential: the exterior has been updated. elusive (B) pervasive (C) unvaried (D) insensitive (E) impractical ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct." It makes little sense to say that the car's redesign reflects conditions that originated in the past. If this term were inserted into the text." It makes little sense to say that the changes to a car's exterior design are "intuitive. U 4 nR eg (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. If one were to insert this term into the text. If one were to insert this term into the text." The colon in this sentence introduces a definition or explanation of the missing term. Many of our memories are -------." or based on instinct." It does not make sense to say that the car's redesign is significant because the information after the colon suggests the opposite. te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect." It is illogical to say that the new design. d file://E:\新建文件夹\a3. If one were to insert this term into the text.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. the word "insensitive" is not explained or defined by the material after the comma. "Impractical" means incapable of being put to use. er ed Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. it makes sense to say that Gordon's amusing private letters. the sentence would read "Many of our memories are unvaried. the word "impractical" is not explained by the material after the comma. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : eg (A) incisive ." The word "although" indicates that the part of the sentence following the comma will contrast with the idea of "rigorous" objectivity. the sentence would read "Although Caroline Gordon was rigorously objective in her journalistic writing. this type of writing would more likely reveal such a capacity. the sentence would read "Although Caroline Gordon was rigorously objective in her journalistic writing. If one were to insert these terms into the text. her lively and incisive private correspondence disguised a delightful capacity for biting commentary on the social scene. her lively and entertaining private correspondence exhibited a delightful capacity for biting commentary on the social scene. derided (C) dispassionate . or elude. in contrast to her straightforward and detached journalistic writing.a delightful capacity for biting commentary on the social scene. it does not make sense to say that such a writing style hid a capacity for satire. the sentence would read "Many of our memories are pervasive. escaping our consciousness just as we strain to recall a face or a name." It does not make sense to speak of memories as unfeeling or tactless. and the use of "and" before the first missing term indicates that this term will complement the word "lively. If one were to insert this term into the text. demonstrated a pleasing subjective element. the sentence would read "Many of our memories are impractical." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect." Although it does make sense to say that Gordon wrote "incisive" letters. her lively and ------. If one were to insert this term into the text.htm 2006-11-12 . disguised AND EXPLANATIONS is t 5 Although Caroline Gordon was rigorously objective in her journalistic writing. moreover." certainly not of the tendency of such memories to escape. minimized entertaining . exhibited ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. On the contrary. our consciousness. . . escaping our consciousness just as we strain to recall a face or a name.private correspondence ------. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. in addition. and "pervasive" means nearly the opposite of "escaping our consciousness." It is not logical to speak of memories as being useful or not useful. "Insensitive" means lacking in feeling or being tactless. "Entertaining" means lively or amusing. file://E:\新建文件夹\a3." It would not make sense here to speak of "uniform memories. . demonstrated U nR (E) (D) exuberant . (B) eloquent . "Pervasive" means tending to permeate. or to spread throughout. . the sentence would read "Many of our memories are insensitive. If one were to insert this term into the text. If one were to insert these terms into the text. or all of the same kind. ." This does not make sense. escaping our consciousness just as we strain to recall a face or a name. "exhibited" means demonstrated. "disguised" means hidden or concealed. since the use of the comma in the sentence indicates that what follows will be an explanation or definition of the missing word. If one were to insert this term into the text. escaping our consciousness just as we strain to recall a face or a name. "Incisive" means clear or sharp." Therefore. "Unvaried" means uniform.

her lively and eloquent private correspondence derided a delightful capacity for biting commentary on the social scene. the sentence would read "An effective member of a debating team must focus clearly on the principal issue and avoid peripheral arguments. "demonstrated" means showed." Since the structure of the sentence indicates that the missing terms should be opposites.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/21 Choice (B) is incorrect." or specified. . the sentence would read "An effective member of a debating team must focus clearly on the designated issue and avoid pertinent arguments. pertinent (D) principal . but it does not make sense to say that good debates would avoid relevant arguments. "general. but it does not make sense to say that such a writing style reduced a capacity for satire. the sentence would read "Although Caroline Gordon was rigorously objective in her journalistic writing. "Comprehensive" means inclusive. in this context. her lively and dispassionate private correspondence demonstrated a delightful capacity for biting commentary on the social scene. "Designated" means chosen. . "Dispassionate" means unemotional. "Principal" means first in importance. "derided" means ridiculed or treated with contempt. "Eloquent" means vividly expressive." Since the structure of the sentence indicates that the missing terms should be opposites. If these terms were inserted into the text. "Equivocal" means uncertain. If these terms were inserted into the text." or was contemptuous of. "minimized" means to reduce to the least possible degree." Since the structure of the sentence indicates that the missing terms should be opposites. the sentence would read "Although Caroline Gordon was rigorously objective in her journalistic writing." means of minor importance." Since the structure of the sentence indicates that the missing terms should be opposites.issue and avoid ------. it may make sense here to say that good debates would focus on the "designated. nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. a talent for satirical writing. "pertinent" means relevant. If these terms were inserted into the text." While it makes sense to say that Gordon wrote expressive letters. If one were to insert these terms into the text.arguments. general AND EXPLANATIONS re 2006-11-12 (A) equivocal. the sentence would read "Although Caroline Gordon was rigorously objective in her journalistic writing. "obstreperous" means unruly. . issue.htm d 6 An effective member of a debating team must focus clearly on the ------. in this context. it eg is te (C) comprehensive . "peripheral. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. If one were to insert these terms into the text. her lively and exuberant private correspondence minimized a delightful capacity for biting commentary on the social scene. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. the sentence would read "An effective member of a debating team must focus clearly on the comprehensive issue and avoid general arguments. . it makes sense to say that debaters should focus on important issues and avoid less important issues." means applicable to the whole. the sentence would read "An effective member of a debating team must focus clearly on the equivocal issue and avoid obstreperous arguments." It is possible that Gordon's letters were both lively and enthusiastic. . "Exuberant" means extremely enthusiastic. significant ANSWERS U Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. If these terms were inserted into the text." Gordon's letters may have showed a capacity for satire. it is illogical to say that such a writing style "derided. . Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. obstreperous file://E:\新建文件夹\a3. peripheral (E) subtle. If one were to insert these terms into the text. but letters cannot be both lively and "dispassionate. (B) designated . it does not make sense to say that debaters should focus on uncertain issues while avoiding unruly or noisy arguments.

replaced (D) elegance . "Avid" means very eager. "purchased" means bought. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. . (A) avidness . Johnston's services with a graceful attitude would make little sense and would also not pertain to Johnston's skill as a painter. "Zealous" means emotionally intense. If one were to insert these terms into the text. If one were to insert these terms into the text. If one were to insert these terms into the text. If one were to insert these terms into the text. . it is logical to say that people looking for a skilled portrait painter went in search of Johnston with great eagerness. "regarded" means observed." Since the structure of the sentence indicates that the first missing term modifies or describes the second missing term. "Diffidence" means the quality or state of being hesitant. . these terms are somewhat synonymous. 7 The ------. Although the missing terms are somewhat opposite in meaning.htm . Rather than being opposites. since hesitance on the part of patrons to buy Johnston's work would not be proof of his skill. the sentence would read "The elegance with which merchants and landowners in early-nineteenth-century Maryland and Virginia regarded Joshua Johnston's professional services attests to his artistic skills as a portrait painter. "Elegant" means refined or graceful. "Patience" is a willingness to wait. overlooked U nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. it does not make sense to say that debaters should focus on artful. sought (B) diffidence .The Official SAT Online Course 页码,6/21 does not make sense to say that debaters should focus on the inclusive topic while avoiding arguments that pertain to the whole. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. the sentence would read "An effective member of a debating team must focus clearly on the subtle issue and avoid significant arguments. regarded (E) zealousness . since a willingness to put off or forestall replacing Johnston's work does not affirm his skill. "to seek" means to go in search of. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. "significant" means meaningful." Since the structure of the sentence indicates that the missing terms should be opposites. "to replace" means to put something new in the place of. or looking at. the sentence would read "The patience with which merchants and landowners in earlynineteenth-century Maryland and Virginia replaced Joshua Johnston's professional services attests to his artistic skill as a portrait painter. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. . issues while avoiding significant arguments. is te re ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS d 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\a3." This does not make sense. the sentence would read "The avidness with which merchants and landowners in early-nineteenth-century Maryland and Virginia sought Joshua Johnston's professional services attests to his artistic skill as a portrait painter. the sentence would read "The diffidence with which merchants and landowners in earlynineteenth-century Maryland and Virginia purchased Joshua Johnston's professional services attests to his artistic skill as a portrait painter. "Subtle" means refined or artful." Patrons regarding. ." This does not make sense. they are presented in the wrong order to work in the sentence. "overlooked" means failed to notice.with which merchants and landowners in early-nineteenth-century Maryland and Virginia ------. the sentence would read "The zealousness with which merchants and landowners in early-nineteenthcentury Maryland and Virginia overlooked Joshua Johnston's professional services eg Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct.Joshua Johnston’s professional services attests to his artistic skill as a portrait painter. or crafty. purchased (C) patience . If one were to insert these terms into the text. If one were to insert these terms into the text.

quarrelsome disposition. Passage 2 is adapted from a work by Raymond Chandler. "Disingenuous" means insincere or calculating. quarrelsome disposition" could correctly be characterized as cantankerous. "Cantankerous" means ill-tempered and quarrelsome. quarrelsome disposition. If one were to insert this term into the text. U Passage 1 is by Dorothy Sayers. If one were to insert this term into the text." While a "tyrant. ed 2006-11-12 . piety or devoutness. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. the sentence would read "The man's colleagues characterized him as cantankerous because he had an irritable. the sentence would read "The man's colleagues characterized him as tyrannical because he had an irritable. If one were to insert this term into the text. not all people with such a disposition possess enough power to be tyrannical. To be "sanctimonious" means to affect." A person described as "sanctimonious" by others would almost certainly not have a quarrelsome disposition." It makes no sense to say that patrons exercised great intensity in failing to notice Johnston's services. quarrelsome disposition. or argumentative." A person described as "disingenuous" by others would not likely have a quarrelsome disposition. quarrelsome disposition. than quarrelsome and irritable. the sentence would read "The man's colleagues characterized him as morose because he had an irritable." A person described as "morose" by others would more likely have a disposition that was more superficially sullen. or feign. the sentence would read "The man's colleagues characterized him as disingenuous because he had an irritable.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,7/21 attests to his artistic skill as a portrait painter.because he had an irritable. If one were to insert this term into the text. Passage 1 nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The detective story does not and cannot attain the loftiest level of literary achievement. (A) tyrannical (B) disingenuous (C) sanctimonious (D) cantankerous (E) morose ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. but would more probably hide his dishonesty behind a superficially pleasing manner.htm eg is te r Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. quarrelsome disposition. might very well have an irritable disposition. "Tyrannical" means harsh in the use of power. Though it deals file://E:\新建文件夹\a3. quarrelsome disposition. To be "morose" means to have a gloomy disposition. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. If one were to insert this term into the text." or harsh authority figure. 8 The man’s colleagues characterized him as ------. the sentence would read "The man's colleagues characterized him as sanctimonious because he had an irritable." A man with "an irritable. but would instead maintain a superficially pious or virtuous manner. or somber.

If the story started to be about real people. jealousy. (E) Passage 1 compares a genre unfavorably to other types of writing. It presents us with an 5 accomplished fact. Sayers’ own stories show that she was annoyed by this triteness. while Passage 2 points out its deficiencies. and revenge. Yet she would not give her characters their heads and let them make their own mystery. while Passage 2 challenges the notion of a distinct genre. It does not show us the inner workings of the murderer’s mind—it must not. file://E:\新建文件夹\a3. they soon had to do unreal things to conform to the artificial pattern required by the plot. while Passage 2 argues that the genre has unique features. while Passage 2 contends that many of these constraints are self-imposed. they ceased to be real 20 themselves. it rarely touches the heights and Line depths of human passion. When they did unreal things. (C) Passage 1 celebrates a genre. 9 U nR eg (A) Which best describes the relationship between the two passages? Passage 1 explains the evolution of a genre. and it is better to err in the direction of too little feeling than too much. The most successful writers are those who contrive to keep the 10 story running from beginning to end upon the same emotional level. while Passage 2 questions its commercial success. and looks upon death with a dispassionate eye. for the identity of the criminal is hidden until the end of the book. (D) Passage 1 explains the popularity of a genre.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,8/21 Passage 2 I think what was really gnawing at Dorothy Sayers in her critique of the detective story was the 15 realization that her kind of detective story was an arid formula unable to satisfy its own implications.htm 2006-11-12 . is te re d with the most desperate effects of rage. (B) Passage 1 discusses the constraints of a genre.

The author of Passage 2 says that Sayers— and. he is te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. d file://E:\新建文件夹\a3. by U nR eg (B) (A) arguing that this approach limits the characters’ development denying that most writers of detective stories rely on formulas (C) agreeing that strong emotions are out of place in detective stories (D) conceding that great literature is seldom commercially successful (E) concurring that readers are primarily interested in plot ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. passion”)." Passage 2 does not make the argument that the genre has features that distinguish it from other fiction. and so could not be said to be celebrating it. While Passage 1 does mention the approach taken by "the most successful writers. Although the author of Passage 2 does mention plot. In Passage 1 Sayers identifies the constraints felt by "the most successful writers" of detective stories to "contrive to keep the story running from beginning to end upon the same emotional level. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Passage 1 describes certain aspects of writing in the detective genre but does not address how the genre changed over time. Passage 1 focuses on the constraints inherent in writing in the detective genre. . While Passage 2 does discuss certain deficiencies in the approach of some writers who work in the genre. by implication." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The author of Passage 2 argues that authors like Sayers fail in that they do not give their "characters their heads and let them make their own mystery"— in other words. The author of Passage 2. The author of Passage 2 is not concerned with the commercial success or failure of detective stories. holds that such an approach is formulaic and that characters in detective stories should "be real." Passage 2 confines its discussion to the artistic rather than commercial successes of those writers. . While Passage 1 says that the detective genre "does not and cannot attain the loftiest level of literary achievement.htm 2006-11-12 . Passage 1 (“it rarely . but with their artistic integrity. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect." Passage 2 argues that Sayers seemed unable to free her own stories from that "arid formula. similar writers—does use formulas. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. that these authors do not let their characters grow and show the full range of human emotions. rather than accepting the view expressed in Passage 1 that strong emotions are inappropriate in detective fiction. while Passage 2 further elaborates on those same aspects of the genre. 10 The author of Passage 2 would most likely respond to the statement in lines 4-5. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,9/21 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct.

jealousy." or unemotional. 11 Which of the following characteristics of detective stories presented in Passage 1 would be LEAST likely to be attributed to the “pattern” mentioned in line 19.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,10/21 does not discuss the attitude of readers toward plots in detective stories. Detective stories created according to the "artificial pattern" would be more likely to focus on facts than on emotional responses. attitude toward dramatic events. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. It is very likely that detective stories created following the "pattern" would display a "dispassionate. It is unlikely that a story created following the "artificial pattern. detective te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect." in order to avoid emotional ups and downs in a story. and revenge” (lines 2-4) (C) “presents us with an accomplished fact” (lines 5-6) (D) “looks upon death with a dispassionate eye” (line 6) (E) “does not show us the inner workings of the murderer’s mind” (lines 78) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. Passage 2 (“If the story started . The "artificial pattern. and even that "it is better to err in the direction of too little feeling than too much." with its "unreal" characters. Sayers argues that unlike great literary fiction. Sayers states that "the most successful writers" are those who keep their stories at an even "emotional level" until the very end. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. and revenge are very unlikely to appear in detective stories written following the "artificial pattern" mentioned in Passage 2. Passage 2 ? (A) “cannot attain the loftiest level of literary achievement” (lines 1-2) (B) “deals with the most desperate effects of rage. The intense emotions resulting from rage. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect." These lines suggest that plot should always take precedence over character development.htm 2006-11-12 ." Passage 1 suggests that Sayers would most likely respond to lines 17-20. by pointing out that great writers seldom explore the range of human emotions (B) detective stories do not address the consequences of people’s emotions (C) detective stories are driven by the plot. not by the characters (D) readers of detective stories prefer unrealistic situations (E) real people often act in ways that are unexpected ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. U 12 nR eg is (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. d file://E:\新建文件夹\a3. jealousy. would be able to achieve the level of high literary art. . . themselves”). would probably recommend avoiding insights into the "inner workings of the murderer's mind.

Many a scientist has floundered and perished in the quagmire of spontaneous generation. to the frail edifice of our knowledge of the deep mysteries of life and death. I could not set aside my burning desire to bring a little stone. ed But these undesirable microbes! Where and how did they arise? By spontaneous generation.htm 2006-11-12 . past discourses on spontaneous generation have been metaphysical exercises conducted with great 10 passion. practice is but routine. This passage is adapted from a series in which a college professor dramatizes the lectures of famous scientists from the past. In defense of 15 nonapplied science I have repeatedly told my students that without theory. but without adding to our scientific knowledge.” I replied: “But the origin of life is a profound problem. God willing. jealousy.The Official SAT Online Course fiction "rarely touches the heights and depths of human passion. In this part of the lecture. and revenge. Although Sayers might agree with the notion that "real people often act in ways that are unexpected. my close friends said: Line “Oh. no.” With few exceptions." 页码,11/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. Pasteur has just described his discovery of the effect of heating certain microbes that infect bottled beverages (the process later named pasteurization). It is * U nR eg is te r file://E:\新建文件夹\a3. Although Sayers might agree with the view that readers prefer the formalized and unrealistic situations found in many detective stories. as some believe? When I began to ask these questions of myself and of my students and colleagues. she does not address this issue in the passage. Only theory is able to cause the spirit of invention to arise and develop. Here he speaks as Louis Pasteur (18221895). where all our intellects have so lamentably failed." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Sayers states that detective stories deal "with the most desperate effects of rage. do not waste your time on such worthless 5 philosophical problems. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect." she argues in the passage that the successful approach to writing detective stories necessarily involves the creation of unreal and constrained characters.

My results agreed with those of Spallanzani: the broth remained pure. Montanvert in the Alps. I journeyed to Mt. put it in a flask such as this [Pasteur holds up a large flask containing a brown solution]. I made a nutritious broth. and then sealed the neck of the flask in a flame. chance favors only the mind that is prepared.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,12/21 20 25 35 U 40 nR the air above the glacier were freer of bacteria file://E:\新建文件夹\a3. I argued in vain—even before our Academy of Sciences—that the putrefaction was caused by admission of bacteria. the broth soon became putrid. where the air was still. Only one became putrid.htm eg is te 30 important that students should not share the opinion of those who disdain everything in science that has no immediate application. I concluded that the air in the cellar and re d 2006-11-12 . But if the neck be broken to admit air. Only one flask out of ten became putrid. Only when fresh air is admitted can life begin anew. heated it to violent boiling. In science. known also for his studies in gastric digestion. My critics said that the heating made the air in the flask unfit for spontaneous generation. I first confirmed the experiments of the Italian abbé. I repeat: in science. where I opened twenty flasks of sterilized broth. whereas eleven flasks out of eleven opened in the courtyard quickly acquired a rich growth of bacteria. Lazzaro Spallanzani. I opened flasks of sterilized broth in the cellar of the Paris observatory. chance favors only the mind that is prepared. More convincing experiments were needed.

The tip of the neck was not sealed but left open to the outside air. while I sternly object to frivolous contradictions. however. I contaminated the broth by allowing some of it to flow into the neck and then back into the flask. The neck of the flask must be heated first to kill the bacteria on the glass. If. Thus. I boiled a nutritious infusion in a flask with a long curved neck like this one.The Official SAT Online Course 45 than the air 页码,13/21 50 55 U 65 13 * The supposed origination of living matter directly from lifeless matter nR 60 in the city streets.htm 2006-11-12 . there was no hindrance to the entrance of fresh air with its “vital force” as claimed by the advocates of spontaneous generation. In these difficult researches. But my adversaries performed similar experiments with different results. putrefaction promptly followed. then a heated instrument must be used to break the tip of the flask as it is held high above the head. Perhaps they were not careful to follow my procedures. Life comes only from life. Immediately thereafter the flask must be sealed again in a flame [Pasteur demonstrates the procedure]. I then devised a conclusive experiment. So we see that life does not arise spontaneously. I feel nothing but gratitude toward those who warn me if I should be in error. But bacteria in the entering air would be trapped by the walls of the long glass tube. The fluid remained sterile so long as the flask was maintained in the vertical position. The focus of the lecture is on how Pasteur eg is t er ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a3.

Although Pasteur may have later applied his findings to new problems. The lecture is concerned not with the improvement of laboratory standards but with Pasteur’s study of the growth of bacteria. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. The curved neck of the flask helped Pasteur better conduct his experiment but was itself not responsible for the growth of bacteria in the broth. theory of spontaneous generation. or clean. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. this passage is concerned only with how Pasteur proved the theory of spontaneous generation to be inaccurate. Rather. Pasteur declares that “[l]ife comes only from life.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,14/21 (A) disproved an erroneous theory (B) documented and published his experiments (C) developed a process for killing microbes (D) applied his findings on spontaneous generation to new problems (E) contributed to the improvement of laboratory research standards ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. In the lecture." or tiny organisms. his experiment shows that existing bacteria in the air were the source of bacteria in the broth. Pasteur concludes that the answer to the question “Where and how did they arise?” (lines 1-2) is U nR (B) (A) spontaneously from airborne bacteria (C) from impurities in the original broth (D) from the curved neck of a flask (E) from a broken flask ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a3." or proved wrong." or incorrect. The lecture does not discuss the documentation or publication of Pasteur’s experiments. eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te r Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. but it does discuss what they proved. but with discovering how and why they come to grow in previously sterile." or unclean elements.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The lecture details how Pasteur’s experiments "disproved. liquids." or suddenly. Pasteur’s experiments were concerned not with killing "microbes. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. in the original broth caused the growth of bacteria. without outside influence.” or that microbes that are observed in liquid broth have migrated there from the air. the "erroneous. At the end of the lecture. Pasteur does not conclude that "impurities. Pasteur concludes just the opposite: bacteria do not arise "spontaneously. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. 14 In the lecture.

The broken flask helped Pasteur to control the way that air and bacteria passed into the broth. The first two paragraphs do not explain the results of Pasteur’s experiments. for studying the microbes—that he wanted to contribute to the scientific knowledge of the origins of life. U 16 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. a frustrating area of research. Rather. or lack of knowledge. It makes sense to describe spontaneous generation. they explain why he undertook the study. Pasteur uses the first two paragraphs of his lecture to explain his "motivation." or reason. as a "quagmire.htm 2006-11-12 . eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. not to the general state of scientific ignorance. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. AND EXPLANATIONS is Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. Although Pasteur mentions that he was faced with criticism. The purpose of these paragraphs is not to counter a false impression concerning Pasteur’s interest in applied or nonapplied science but to explain why he chose to study the growth of bacteria. te re d file://E:\新建文件夹\a3. The word "quagmire" (line 7) is used primarily to emphasize the state of scientific ignorance in the 1800’s (B) futility of a particular line of research (C) moral dilemma faced by scientists like Pasteur (D) failure of some to distinguish between pure and applied science (E) tendency of unsuccessful scientists to look for simple solutions ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. 15 In the first two paragraphs (lines 1-23).The Official SAT Online Course 页码,15/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. The opposite is true: Pasteur criticizes those who have passion but have failed to increase scientific knowledge." or complicated situation from which it is difficult to escape. In this context. but it does not explain where and how the bacteria grew. Pasteur is primarily concerned with (A) summarizing the results of his experiments about spontaneous generation (B) criticizing those who have taken the passion out of science (C) establishing his motivation for studying the origin of microbes (D) attacking critics of his experiments (E) correcting the impression that he is concerned only with experiments that have immediate application ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. nowhere in these paragraphs does he attack his detractors. "quagmire" refers to the problem of spontaneous generation.

" or practical. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. science is unrelated to the difficulty of the problem of spontaneous generation itself." or debate. or tool. the "controversy. he says they were "metaphysical" and not truly scientific." or theoretical. Therefore. it does not make sense to say that they "resolved. Pasteur does not criticize proposed solutions to the problem of spontaneous generation on grounds of simplicity." or standards of right and wrong. "Nowhere" in his discussion of past research on spontaneous generation does Pasteur mention the sterilization of any laboratory apparatus. Pasteur claims that past experiments failed to increase scientific knowledge. Pasteur acknowledges that past experiments had been conducted with passion but argues that they were not tested in the laboratory and therefore did not increase the body of scientific knowledge on the subject." or settled. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Pasteur does not discuss his own early experiments in the context of past research on spontaneous generation. he criticizes past studies for failing to be practical or scientific. 17 Pasteur characterizes “past discourses on spontaneous generation” (line 9) as having (A) demonstrated the futility of practical scientific studies (B) failed because of incomplete knowledge about sterilization of apparatus (C) enabled him to understand inconsistencies in his early experiments (D) failed to increase scientific knowledge (E) resolved much of the controversy surrounding the issue Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. U 18 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,16/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. The “little stone” (lines 12-13) refers to the slight addition that Pasteur hoped to make to the existing body of facts (B) small effect that Pasteur wanted to have on one person’s learning (C) minor disappointment Pasteur felt at being rebuffed by his colleagues (D) narrow-mindedness of those who cling to scientific fallacies (E) imperceptible progress that Pasteur had made in understanding spontaneous generation ANSWERS eg is AND EXPLANATIONS te re ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS d 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\a3." or pointlessness. around the question of spontaneous generation. is unrelated to Pasteur’s concerns respecting spontaneous generation Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect.htm . Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. rather. and "applied. of practical studies. "Morality. Pasteur does not describe past research as demonstrating the "futility. On the contrary. Whether or not some people differentiate between "pure.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. The “little stone” refers to the contribution Pasteur desired to make when he began his research. The “little stone” Pasteur is speaking of is his own potential contribution to science. It does not make sense to say that Pasteur desired to contribute to the narrow-mindedness of others. of the human knowledge of life and death. Rather. Pasteur encourages his students to pursue projects whose applications are not yet known so that they will be better able to recognize and "exploit." or important. chance discoveries in the laboratory. discoveries.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,17/21 Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct." or criticism. he argues that pursuing research whose applications are unknown prepares a scientist to better understand and make use of later discoveries. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. the reference to the Academy of Sciences (line 35) serves to suggest why is (D) work on projects that have no immediate application prepares scientists to exploit chance discoveries te r (B) practice improves a scientist’s chances of making a significant discovery ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a3. he wants to have an effect on scientific knowledge in general. the goal of his research was to make a contribution to the existing body of scientific fact. Pasteur does not claim that good luck and timing result in discoveries of any kind. it is not practice but a solid grounding in theory that prepares a scientist to make "significant. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. not the "rebuff. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. According to the lecture. not the results of his experiments. In other words. thereby increasing human knowledge. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. he received at the hands of his fellow scientists. In context. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. In the lecture. The statement is concerned not with the number of scientists who create useful theories but with the best way to prepare oneself for scientific discovery. 19 Pasteur’s pronouncement about preparation and chance in lines 20-23 implies that (A) only projects that have an immediate application are important (C) few scientists are lucky enough to devise useful theories (E) most scientific discoveries that have no immediate application are the result of good luck and timing U 20 nR eg ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct.” or unsteady structure. Pasteur refers to his desire to bring a “little stone” to the “frail edifice. The opposite is true: Pasteur believes that pursuing projects without immediate applications prepares a scientist for future discoveries and is as important as the practical work itself." or take advantage of. Pasteur does not want to have a small effect on one person.

htm 2006-11-12 . but it does not explain his initial desire to contribute to scientific knowledge. AND EXPLANATIONS is te Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect." or eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,18/21 (A) Pasteur was so determined to make a significant contribution to scientific knowledge (B) Pasteur felt compelled to replicate Spallanzani’s experiments (C) spontaneous generation had already begun to be discredited when Pasteur began his experimentation (D) Pasteur believed he needed to design experiments that were more persuasive (E) spontaneous generation was viewed by Pasteur’s colleagues as a topic that was unfit for scientific study ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. "Vital. 21 U nR (A) In line 41. or existing in large quantities. re Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. "rich" most nearly means precious (B) vital (C) abundant (D) meaningful (E) productive ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Spallanzani’s experiments before he presented his findings to the academy." or rare. experiments. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. which speaks of "a rich growth of bacteria. The incident at the Academy of Sciences does not suggest that Pasteur’s colleagues thought spontaneous generation was an inappropriate research project. does not describe the growth of bacteria in Pasteur’s flasks. Pasteur felt it was necessary to design more "persuasive. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. In this context. The passage indicates that after failing to convince the academy of his findings. The reference to the academy illustrates how difficult it was for Pasteur’s experiments to be accepted by the scientific community. it shows that they were not convinced by his findings. Although the presence of bacteria was "meaningful. Rather." or repeated. d file://E:\新建文件夹\a3. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect." or convincing. It does not make sense to describe the growth of bacteria as "precious. Pasteur "replicated. not that his research joined with that of others who were also disproving spontaneous generation." "rich" means abundant. The fact that Pasteur argued unsuccessfully for his research before the academy may have motivated him to prove his critics wrong." or indispensable for survival.

not an inadequate amount. or purifying. Pasteur's critics argued that sterilizing. file://E:\新建文件夹\a3. In his last experiment. not those who argued against nonapplied science. "rich" is used to describe the quantity of bacteria present. 22 The "conclusive experiment" (line 56) performed by Pasteur was designed to answer critics who argued that (A) the apparatus used in Pasteur's earlier experiments had not been adequately sterilized (B) Pasteur's experiments related to spontaneous generation had no immediate application (C) the results of Pasteur's experiments in the Alps and in the cellar could not be replicated (D) the broth in the flasks of Pasteur's earlier experiments was not nutritious enough (E) heating made the air in the flasks of the earlier experiments unfit for spontaneous generation ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 23 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. Pasteur's critics claimed that by using heat to seal the neck of the bottle in earlier experiments. for Pasteur’s research. but not bacteria. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. the “vital force” (line 60) is best described as what Pasteur called the basic unit of life (B) a term that was outdated in Pasteur’s time (C) nutrients necessary for sustaining life (D) that which has the power to destroy life (E) what opponents of Pasteur believed to be a source of life ANSWERS eg i Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. there had been too much sterilization." or able to create something. AND EXPLANATIONS st e re d Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. In this context. It was designed to satisfy those who argued that the liquid must come into contact with fresh air in order for spontaneous generation to occur. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,19/21 significant. to come into contact with the liquid.htm 2006-11-12 . The "conclusive experiment" was not designed to address inconsistencies between Pasteur's and his colleagues' data. which the passage attributes to carelessness. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The last experiment was designed to answer critics who maintained confidence in the theory of spontaneous generation. he answered this opposition by using a special flask that permitted fresh air. The nutritional content of the various broths is unrelated to the results or design of the experiments. In the context of the passage as a whole. the flasks had made the air unfit for spontaneous generation. It does not make sense to define that amount as "productive. it does not make sense to describe the growth itself as such. In other words. Pasteur had made the air unsuitable for spontaneous generation to take place.

Privacy Policy Terms of Use Contact Us file://E:\新建文件夹\a3. the fact that it was used by his colleagues indicates that it was a popular notion. Pasteur kept the flasks in the vertical position not to avoid disturbing the liquid but to trap the bacteria and prevent it from coming into contact with the liquid. The passage states that in the vertical position. his previous experiments but to improve upon them. to the entrance of fresh air. he did it to control the flow of air and bacteria. Pasteur revised his method and used the curved flask not to "replicate. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. All rights reserved. The opposite of this statement is true. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. the liquid inside. Pasteur kept the flasks vertical (line 64) in order to (A) prevent fresh air from entering them (B) retain the boiling liquid inside the flasks (C) prevent the fluid from touching trapped bacteria (D) avoid disturbing the solution inside (E) replicate his previous experiments exactly U nR eg ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. The “vital force” is what was thought to cause life." or repeat. it makes sense to say that the “vital force” is the element that Pasteur’s opponents believed to be responsible for the spontaneous generation of life. not the nutrients. or nourishing material. The “vital force” is not what Pasteur called the basic unit of life. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. is te re Back to Score Report d Copyright © 2006 The College Board. there was no "hindrance.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,20/21 Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. that was his fellow scientists’ word for an energy or substance that caused living matter to appear. the design of the flasks prevented the fluid in the bowl from touching bacteria trapped in the curved neck. Pasteur did not position the flasks vertically to "retain. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. When kept in the vertical position. The “vital force” was not seen as something that detroys life but as something that brings life into being. Nothing in the passage indicates that this term was no longer in use in Pasteur’s time. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect.htm 2006-11-12 . On the contrary. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect." or obstacle. 24 In his conclusive experiment. In the context of the passage." or keep.

The Official SAT Online Course 页码,21/21 U nR eg is te r file://E:\新建文件夹\a3.htm ed 2006-11-12 .

The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/15 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . Therefore. The cost of the each is price of d ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS ). in dollars. of each? (Disregard sales tax. and CD U 2 nR price of (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. Explanation for Correct Answer A : compact discs (CDs) purchased at a Choice (A) is correct. See the explanation for the correct response (A). If the areas of the two rectangles in the figure above are equal. the total cost. is te re .) compact disc cases at each and (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Section 7 Section 8 Section 9 Section 10 a price of each is dollars. in dollars. See the explanation for the correct response (A). which of the following ? could be the coordinates of point file://E:\新建文件夹\a4.Practice Test #1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 5 1 Section 6 compact discs at Which of the following represents the total cost.htm 2006-11-12 . is eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : CDs purchased (not Choice (B) is not correct. This equation corresponds to the situation where all not the situation where some had a the items purchased had a price of and others had a price of Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. There were cases purchased (not ). The cost of the CD cases purchased at dollars.

is in the second quadrant. is in the second quadrant. Choice (B) is correct. Since percent are blue. and the problem requires that they have the same area. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : eg Choice (E) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . If has coordinates Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : te re the second quadrant has only half the area of the rectangle in the first quadrant. is in the second quadrant. and is a point AND EXPLANATIONS file://E:\新建文件夹\a4. blue. or green. Choice (B) is not correct. 3 U nR solid-colored marbles that are either orange. must equal The only answer choice that fits both of these criteria is Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/15 (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : is in the second quadrant. it follows that percent of the marbles are green. and is a point in the fourth quadrant. This is the percentage of the marbles that are blue (and also the percentage of the marbles that are orange). See the explanation for the correct response (B). what percent of the marbles are orange and percent are green? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : percent of the marbles are orange. and the remaining marbles are green. Since has coordinates -coordinate. it must have a Choice (C) is correct. If A box contains percent of the marbles are blue. If negative -coordinate and a positive then the area of the rectangle in the second quadrant is For the two rectangles to be of equal area. and is a point in the third quadrant. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : is in the first quadrant. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. d Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : then the rectangle in Choice (D) is not correct.

while is a member of member of cannot be written as the product of two integers such that one Therefore. The number The question asks for a number is a member of and is a member of with a member of that cannot be written as the product of a member of Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : where can be written as Choice (D) is not correct. and the other is a member of is a member of U 5 nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : where can be written as Choice (B) is not correct. The only ways to write or positive integers (ignoring the order of the factors) are er e ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS d neither is not a member of Also. If and . Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . The number The question asks for a number is a member of and is a member of with a member of that cannot be written as the product of a member of Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : where can be written as Choice (C) is not correct. The number The question asks for a number is a member of and is a member of with a member of that cannot be written as the product of a member of Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : where can be written as Choice (E) is not correct. This is the percentage of the marbles that are not green.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/15 Choice (D) is not correct. which of the following CANNOT be equal to the product (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) is a member of Explanation for Correct Answer A : as the product of two Choice (A) is correct. 4 Sets set and is a member of set are shown above. This is the percentage of the marbles that are not orange (and also the percentage that are not blue). The number The question asks for a number is a member of and is a member of with a member of that cannot be written as the product of a member of eg If is t then While and are both members of nor is a could be which of the following? file://E:\新建文件夹\a4.

Choice (C) is not correct. the only value of that satisfies this condition is Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/15 (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. If (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) which of the following must be true? ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct.htm 2006-11-12 . If then However. The right side of the equation can be expanded: can be subtracted from both sides. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : d then is t Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : er e Choice (B) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : eg U 6 nR Choice (D) is not correct. If However. leaving Then Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. If then Of the choices. If then However. If then However. file://E:\新建文件夹\a4. See the explanation for the correct response (B).

Let 7 be defined by for all numbers and (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : but Choice (A) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : te r is not equal to Choice (B) is not correct. 8 If (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Since this expression is equal which Therefore. Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. If could be equal to So which simplifies to would be is but the equation is only true when Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : were substituted for Choice (D) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/15 Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : then the equation were substituted for Choice (C) is not correct. If So which simplifies to would be is but the equation is only true when then the equation could be equal to Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : were substituted for Choice (E) is not correct. If which simplifies to would be is but the equation is only true when to then the equation could be equal So Questions 7-9 refer to the following definition. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : but Choice (E) is not correct. eg is then Choice (C) is correct.htm 2006-11-12 . it follows that to ed is not equal to but is not equal to file://E:\新建文件夹\a4. but U Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : then Choice (B) is not correct. Since Subtracting be rewritten as eg ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS the equation from both sides yields is te can re or d or 9 For what value of is the statement always true? nR Thus. If but the question asks for when or in this case is only equal to that will make the equation true for all values of a value of Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : This is only then Choice (C) is not correct. If but the question asks for a when or in this case only equal to that will make the equation true for all values of value of file://E:\新建文件夹\a4. If but the question asks for a when or in this case only equal to that will make the equation true for all values of value of Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : This is then Choice (E) is not correct. the only value of that always makes true is U 10 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : This then Choice (A) is not correct. either Therefore.htm 2006-11-12 . If the problem states that but Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : then Choice (C) is not correct. If but the question asks for a value when or in this case equal to that will make the equation true for all values of of Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : This is then Choice (D) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,6/15 gives so . If but the problem states that Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : then Choice (E) is not correct. If but the problem states that (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. If but the problem states that Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : then Choice (D) is not correct.

gives the equation d of a circle as a function of its file://E:\新建文件夹\a4. If the roots of the equation are and (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. The area of a circle is given by the formula is twice the is the radius of the circle. it follows that and not merely for all values of Since is a constant. If and are the roots of the equation then and Since the left-hand sides are each equal to zero. The diameter of a circle. See the explanation for the correct response (A). See the explanation for the correct response (A). where radius.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,7/15 In the equation above. this is true 11 nR (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . Recall that a root of an equation is a number that. when substituted for the variable in the equation. what is the value of (A) is a constant. Which of the following represents the area. U ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. te for Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. diameter. reduces the equation to an identity. is Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. so Substituting re Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (A). See the explanation for the correct response (A).

you can write two equations: yields the equation and Substituting which simplifies to for and further to so Since it follows that and Knowing the values of and you can calculate Therefore. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : is the radius of the circle. Since form From two of the data points in the table. it can be written in the Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. you can write two equations: and Substituting for yields the file://E:\新建文件夹\a4. If This is four times the area of the circle. If This is the circumference of the circle. 12 eg i st The table above shows some values for the functions functions. then Choice (C) is not correct. since is a linear function. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : is the radius of the circle. then Choice (B) is not correct. what is the value of er and ed If and are linear U nR (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS is a linear function. Similarly. If This is twice the circumference of the circle.htm 2006-11-12 . then Choice (A) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,8/15 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : is the radius of the circle. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : is the radius of the circle. then Choice (D) is not correct. it can be written in the form From two of the data points in the table. If This is twice the area of the circle.

The Official SAT Online Course 页码,9/15 equation which simplifies to and further to so Since it follows that and Knowing the values of and you can calculate Therefore. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. d 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\a4. If the five lakes in the graph above were listed in order from the greatest depth to the least depth. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. Therefore. See the explanation for the correct response (C). at Ontario is the lake with the third greatest feet. See the explanation for the correct response (C). See the explanation for the correct response (C). 13 U nR The depth of a lake is the difference between the altitude at the surface and at the lowest point of the lake. The depth of Lake Superior is eg AND EXPLANATIONS the depth of Michigan is is the depth of Huron is te the depth of Erie is re and the depth of Ontario is depth. which lake would be third in the list? (A) Erie (B) Huron (C) Michigan (D) Ontario (E) Superior ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct.htm . Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. you must determine the depth of each lake by subtracting the lowest point from the highest point. To determine the lake with the third greatest depth. See the explanation for the correct response (C). Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct.

what is the greatest (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS nR Explanation for Correct Answer B : implies the fact that Choice (B) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. 14 In the figure above. See the explanation for the correct response (D). the problem states that Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : and then Choice (E) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. At 10:00 A. See the explanation for the correct response (D). If However. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : and then Choice (C) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,10/15 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. and the greatest integer that it follows that is satisfies the inequality Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : there are is a possible value for Choice (A) is not correct. and file://E:\新建文件夹\a4. one day. the problem states that Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : and then Choice (D) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (D).M. her shadow is inches long.htm 2006-11-12 . the problem states that Molly is inches tall. Since can be rewritten as The equation or in the previous inequality yields for Substituting eg AND EXPLANATIONS is t which can be simplified to er Since ed is an integer. If However. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (D). Although and the question asks for the greatest possible greater possible values of value. If However. possible value of U 15 must also be an integer. and If is an integer.

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,11/15

the shadow of a nearby tree is inches, of the tree?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D) 4s

inches long. In terms of

what is the height, in

(E)

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

Explanation for Correct Answer D : inches) to the length Choice (D) is correct. The ratio of Molly’s height ( inches) is proportional to the ratio of the tree’s height ( of her shadow (

) to the length of its shadow (

). So

This simplifies to

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (D).

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. The height of the tree is

te re

shadow, not

the length of its shadow.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (D).

16

nR

eg

is

d

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. Height is proportional to the length of the shadow; it is not the length of the shadow plus a constant.

times the length of its

If a number is chosen at random from the set

what is the

U

probability that it is a member of the solution set of both
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

and

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. To determine this probability, you must first look at the simplifies to solution sets of the inequalities. The inequality Of the five numbers in the set, only simplifies to and Therefore, the probability and less than are greater than and of picking a number from the set that is in the solution set of both these

inequalities is

file://E:\新建文件夹\a4.htm

2006-11-12

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,12/15

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (C).

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (C).

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (C).

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (C).

17

If the length of

is

and the length of

is

which of the following could be

the length of
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)

Explanation for Correct Answer A : lie on a line, the greatest possible and Choice (A) is correct. If

length of

is

If

is t
is

er e
and

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

d
do not lie on the same line,

then a triangle is formed by these three points, and the length of

must

be less than the sum of the lengths of

and

which is

The only

choice that is less than or equal to

nR

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. The greatest possible length of

eg

is equal to

U

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. The greatest possible length of

is equal to

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. The greatest possible length of

is equal to

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. The greatest possible length of

is equal to

18

file://E:\新建文件夹\a4.htm

2006-11-12

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,13/15

In triangle

above, if

and

what is the area of triangle

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

(E)

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

Explanation for Correct Answer C : then its height is Choice (C) is correct. If the base of triangle Substituting the values given in the problem, the area of triangle is

is

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. This is the area of triangle

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. This is the area of triangle

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (C).

nR

19

eg
are two different integers and the product and If integer, which of the following could be equal to
(A)

is te

re
is the square of an

U

(B)

(C)
(D)
(E)

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS
is

Explanation for Correct Answer D :

d
then

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (C).

Choice (D) is correct. The prime factorization of

Thus, since

is the square of an integer,

where

is an

integer. It follows that

If

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is not correct.

which is not an integer.

The question asks for a value of integer.

that makes

the square of an

file://E:\新建文件夹\a4.htm

2006-11-12

which is not an integer. which is not an integer. See the explanation for the correct response (E). The question asks for a value of an integer. or at the point labeled . See the explanation for the correct response (E). The question asks for a value of an integer. that makes the square of 20 (A) A (C) C (D) D U nR ANSWERS (E) E Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. The question asks for a value of an integer. which is not an integer. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. that makes the square of Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (E).htm 2006-11-12 . Regardless of the position of eg AND EXPLANATIONS on the number line. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. the tick marks are equally spaced. file://E:\新建文件夹\a4. See the explanation for the correct response (E). (B) B is and which is the average of between and Since te is On the number line above. Which of the lettered points represents units to the left of the point labeled re will always be exactly halfway d it follows that must be units to the right.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,14/15 Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. that makes the square of Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.

htm d 2006-11-12 . All rights reserved.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,15/15 Back to Score Report Copyright © 2006 The College Board. Privacy Policy Terms of Use Contact Us U nR eg is te re file://E:\新建文件夹\a4.

this probably would not have been why he alienated his friends. so it makes sense to say that John's pretentious displays of wealth alienated.his -------. . the sentence would read "After winning the lottery. and "image" means impression." It is more probable that John made these showy purchases to build. however." The word "thus" indicates that the missing terms will paraphrase John's actions after he won the lottery. the sentence would read "After winning the lottery. he alienated his friends. nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. he alienated his friends. by thus ------. or aroused hostile feelings in. John did not spend less money. If one were to insert these terms into the text. he spent so much money that he alienated his friends. however. and "hardship" means misfortune. built a mansion. After winning the lottery. and wore designer suits. however." It makes little sense to say that winning a lottery is a misfortune that has to be endured. his image." Even though. If one were to insert these terms into the text. by thus undermining his image. and wore designer suits. If one were to insert these terms into the text. . (A) Section 8 enduring. John bought sports cars. . his friends.Practice Test #1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 5 1 Section 6 Section 7 After winning the lottery. and wore designer suits. he alienated his friends. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Moderating" means lessening in extent or intensity. and "prosperity" means economic well-being." in this context. John bought sports cars. built a mansion. consumption U Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. and "consumption. the sentence would read "After winning the lottery. John may have calculated his successess. however. inserting these terms makes a completely illogical sentence. John bought sports cars. he alienated his friends. "Calculating" means figuring out or estimating. If one were to insert these terms into the text. by thus enduring his hardship. "Flaunting" means displaying showily or pretentiously. and "successes" are things that turn out well. prosperity Section 10 (C) undermining. er e d 2006-11-12 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. however. the sentence would read "After winning the lottery. by thus calculating his successes. John bought sports cars. and wore designer suits. built a mansion. means spending money. and wore designer suits. built a mansion. . "Enduring" means undergoing or tolerating. the sentence would read "After winning the lottery.htm .The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/21 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . built a mansion. successes (E) moderating. by thus moderating his consumption. John bought sports cars. "Undermining" means weakening gradually and secretly. and wore designer suits. hardship Section 9 (B) flaunting . not undermine. John bought sports cars." Since the word "thus" indicates that the missing terms will paraphrase John's actions after he won the lottery. If one were to insert these terms into the text. he alienated his friends. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. eg is t Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. . he alienated his friends. image (D) calculating . by thus flaunting his prosperity. built a mansion. however.

has instead served to emphasize nature’s incredible immobility. once considered the key to solving nature’s mysteries. “Consistency” means uniformity. has instead served to emphasize nature’s incredible consistency. . If one were to insert this term into the text.” Since the word “instead” indicates that what follows will contrast in meaning with “solving nature’s mysteries. If one were to insert this term into the text. biology has uncovered nature’s lack of movement. has instead served to emphasize nature’s incredible desirability. “Immobility” means to be motionlessness. pestilence (D) hail . intricacies. prosperity is te Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. has uncovered nature’s lack of commotion or disturbance. rather than solving nature’s mysteries. re d file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. If one were to insert this term into the text.the end of the ------that had struck the city. If one were to insert this term into the text.” Since the word “instead” indicates that what follows will contrast in meaning with “solving nature’s mysteries.” it makes sense to say that biology has uncovered nature’s uniformity. has instead served to emphasize nature’s incredible complexity. or predictability. has instead served to emphasize nature’s incredible -------. turmoil (B) commemorate. “Desirability” means pleasing. the sentence would read “The study of biology.” it makes sense to say that biology has uncovered nature’s pleasing qualities rather than solving its mysteries. rather than solving nature’s mysteries.” Since the word “instead” indicates that what follows will contrast in meaning with “solving nature’s mysteries. (A) tranquility (B) immobility (C) consistency (D) desirability (E) complexity ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. the sentence would read “The study of biology.” Since the word “instead” indicates that what follows will contrast in meaning with “solving nature’s mysteries. . once considered the key to solving nature’s mysteries. In 1575 Venetians instituted an annual celebration to ------.” it makes sense to say that biology. . plague (C) eulogize . Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. the sentence would read “The study of biology. once considered the key to solving nature’s mysteries. the sentence would read “The study of biology.” Since the word “instead” indicates that what follows will contrast in meaning with “solving nature’s mysteries.” it makes sense to say that biology. once considered the key to solving nature’s mysteries. once considered the key to solving nature’s mysteries. U 3 nR eg (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. rather than solving its mysteries. .htm 2006-11-12 . “Tranquility” means freedom from commotion or disturbance. lament . perhaps unexplained.” it makes sense to say that biology has not solved nature’s mysteries but has instead uncovered new. has instead served to emphasize nature’s incredible tranquility.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/21 2 The study of biology. once considered the key to solving nature’s mysteries. the sentence would read “The study of biology. If one were to insert this term into the text. “Complexity” means intricacy.

" Although citizens might approach an annual celebration with solemnity and gravity. U 4 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. "Hail" means to salute. the sentence would read "Lena Horne's singing style is such that she can invest even the most vapid lyrics with dramatic meaning. and a "plague" is an epidemic disease. harmonious (B) sensational (C) impeccable (D) vapid (E) esteemed ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. If one were to insert this term into the text. "Eulogize" means to praise.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/21 (E) solemnize. the sentence would read "In 1575 Venetians instituted an annual celebration to eulogize the end of the pestilence that had struck the city. . fame ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. If one were to insert these terms into the text. If one were to insert these terms into the text. choice (B) makes sense: it is logical to rejoice over the memory of the end of a plague. and "fame" means popular acclaim or renown. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : eg AND EXPLANATIONS is Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. "Vapid" means dull and lacking interest.lyrics with dramatic meaning. choice (D) works here. the sentence would read "In 1575 Venetians instituted an annual celebration to lament the end of the turmoil that had struck the city. If one were to insert these terms into the text. d file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. and "pestilence" is another word for plague. and "prosperity" means economic well-being. "Lament" means to express sorrow." Although citizens would certainly be happy that a plague had come to an end.htm 2006-11-12 . and "turmoil" means a state of commotion." Venetians would be quite unlikely to salute the end of a period of prosperity." Since the first missing word refers to the celebration's purpose. If one were to insert these terms into the text." Since the word "even" is used as an intensifier in this sentence to indicate that the missing term describes lyrics that are lacking in dramatic meaning." It would not make sense for citizens to be sad about the end of a period of commotion or distress. and the second to the event whose end was being remembered. the sentence would read "In 1575 Venetians instituted an annual celebration to hail the end of the prosperity that had struck the city. "Commemorate" means a remembrance. "Solemnize" means to celebrate with dignity and gravity. it does not make sense to say that "fame" had struck the city. the sentence would read "In 1575 Venetians instituted an annual celebration to solemnize the end of the fame that had struck the city. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Lena Horne’s singing style is such that she can invest even the most ------. If one were to insert these terms into the text. te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. the sentence would read "In 1575 Venetians instituted an annual celebration to commemorate the end of the plague that had struck the city. it is unlikely that they would arrange for a yearly celebration merely to "praise" the plague's end.

The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/21 Choice (A) is incorrect. . . to reject as untrue. If one were to insert this term into the text. it does not make sense to say that she provoked or urged on the theory of the original researcher and that her doing so might cause bitterness. . choice (E) makes sense: the second researcher "defused. If one were to insert this term into the text." Although it makes sense to say that the biologist defused potential ill will with a gracious gesture. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect.by an innovative marine biologist who graciously defused potential ------." If lyrics were held in high regard. acrimony AND EXPLANATIONS is (C) displaced . attribution te (A) instigated . If one were to insert these terms into the text. and "rancor" means ill will or bitterness. "Harmonious" means musically concordant or pleasing. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. . If one were to insert this term into the text. alteration U nR ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. "Esteemed" means highly regarded.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect." Choice (B) does not work here—"sensational" lyrics are already dramatic. If one were to insert these terms into the text. and "approval" means acceptance of something as satisfactory." Since the first missing term refers to what the biologist did to the theory. even excessively so. the sentence would read "Lena Horne's singing style is such that she can invest even the most sensational lyrics with dramatic meaning. approval (D) enhanced ." or made less potent. possibly acknowledging a debt to the latter. "Renounce" means to refuse to recognize or acknowledge something further.by dedicating her work to the original researcher. any bitterness that might arise out of her disproving the first researcher's theory by dedicating the work to the first researcher. the sentence would read "A long-standing theory about the migration of green turtles was repudiated by an innovative marine biologist who graciously defused potential acrimony by dedicating her work to the original researcher." It makes no sense to speak of "harmonious lyrics". rancor re 5 A long-standing theory about the migration of green turtles was ------. they would already be considered of high quality and therefore would not need to be enhanced. the sentence would read "Lena Horne's singing style is such that she can invest even the most impeccable lyrics with dramatic meaning. in this context. "Impeccable" means faultless. not the words set to music. If one were to insert these terms into the text. "To instigate" means to provoke or urge forward. the sentence would read "Lena Horne's singing style is such that she can invest even the most esteemed lyrics with dramatic meaning. "Repudiate" means. the sentence would read "A long-standing theory about the migration of green turtles was instigated by an innovative marine biologist who graciously defused potential rancor by dedicating her work to the original researcher. . (B) renounced. it is illogical that they would need to be enhanced by a singer. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C ) is incorrect. and "acrimony" means a biting sharpness of speech or manner. If one were to insert this term into the text." Since "impeccable" lyrics are by definition faultless. and the second missing term relates to consequences of research conducted to reexamine the theory. harmony has to do with music. d file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. the sentence would read "A longstanding theory about the migration of green turtles was renounced by an innovative marine biologist who graciously defused potential approval by dedicating eg (E) repudiated . the sentence would read "Lena Horne's singing style is such that she can invest even the most harmonious lyrics with dramatic meaning. "Sensational" means exaggeratedly dramatic. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect.

and "attribution" means the ascribing of a work to an author. A dark Line basketball-size object dropped with a loud ssshhht into Wallace’s 5 garden. a 4. If one were to insert these terms into the text. being defused On the morning of June 13. the sentence would read "A long-standing theory about the migration of green turtles was enhanced by an innovative marine biologist who graciously defused potential alteration by dedicating her work to the original researcher. it makes no sense to speak of potential alteration. it makes no sense to speak of "defusing. or put aside." or disarming. 6 U nR eg (A) The sentence in lines 1-4 (“On the morning ." Although a theory might well be improved upon by new discoveries. Nelda Wallace’s town was about to be invaded by meteorite dealers." Although a theory might conceivably be displaced. 页码,5/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C ) is incorrect. especially with a gracious gesture. If one were to insert these terms into the text. meteorite fans. "Enhance" means to heighten or increase. and other alien lifeforms. it does not make sense to say that she avoided potential approval.The Official SAT Online Course her work to the original "researcher. and "alteration" means modification. 1998. meteorite poachers. private dealers scoop them up for resale at spiraling prices. backyard”) is best characterized as ironic (B) dramatic (C) comical (D) nostalgic (E) celebratory is t er ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. .6billion-year-old extraterrestrial object streaked into Earth’s atmosphere and blew to pieces in the sky somewhere in the neighborhood of Nelda Wallace’s backyard.htm 2006-11-12 . by an improved theory. and fragments pelted other properties—only the first of many strange things soon to occur in town. . the sentence would read "A long-standing theory about the migration of green turtles was displaced by an innovative marine biologist who graciously defused potential attribution by dedicating her work to the original researcher. attribution of authorship. since it would be highly illogical to do so. For meteorites are more than just stars of science-fiction movies. "Displace" means to remove or to banish. and professional searchers 10 travel the world to hunt them down." Although a theory might be renounced by a forward-thinking biologist. Scientists covet them. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect.

The Official SAT Online Course 页码,6/21 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. The language in this sentence is straightforward. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. There is nothing menacing or suggestive of danger in the paragraph. emphasizing its dramatic nature with terms like "streaked" and "blew to pieces. not humorous. it is a description of an event. The author of this paragraph clearly understands what occurs when metorites fall to earth. This sentence describes how an event occurred. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The sentence is intended to mock gently the circuslike atmosphere coming soon to Nelda Wallace's town. The event may be something to celebrate. The passage does not discuss the realibility of information about meteorites. 7 The reference to the “alien life-forms” (line 13) primarily serves to (B) mock the public’s fascination with extraterrestrial beings (D) acknowledge a lack of familiarity with a scientific phenomenon ANSWERS U nR Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. This sentence describes an extraordinary event. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. not to dangerous creatures. but the sentence describes the event objectively. The subtle mockery here is of those who will invade the town in search of meteorites. There is no irony in this sentence.htm eg (E) provide a humorous label for a certain kind of zealotry AND EXPLANATIONS is (C) indicate the dearth of reliable information about a subject te (A) hint at the dangers posed by some unexpected visitors re d 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C ) is incorrect. Nostalgia is about remembering something in the past. Apes raised by humans seem to pretend more frequently file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. "Alien life-forms" refers to human visitors." The sentence is a forceful description of a spectacular event. The author labels the unusual visitors to the normally quiet town as "alien life-forms" to describe humorously the types of people who are interested in meteorites. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. not of the general public. not how people felt when remembering it.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Researchers had not been studying pretending behavior in free-ranging orangutans. they would have had data to compare with the data about orangutans raised by humans. if they had done so. One possible reason. the frequency of such behavior is the concern. not on wild orangutans. Only research on the free-ranging orangutans is needed to fully test the hypothesis. But Anne Russon. culled from thousands of hours of observation. Which theoretical statement about pretending behavior in apes would be supported eg is (B) Expanding ongoing observations of orangutans to include pretending behavior AND EXPLANATIONS te re than do apes in the wild.htm 2006-11-12 . d file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. says she has found Line only about 20 recorded cases of possible pretending in free5 ranging orangutans. But many researchers believe that interaction with humans—and the 10 encouragement to pretend that comes with it—may play a major role in why domesticated apes playact more. Lines 1-3 make it clear that most research on playacting behaviors has focused on orangutans raised by humans.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,7/21 8 Russon’s hypothesis would be most fully tested by which possible research project? (A) Examining data from observations of pretending behavior in apes other than orangutans (C) Documenting pretending behavior among orangutans raised by humans (D) Comparing specific pretending behaviors in free-ranging and domesticated orangutans (E) Reviewing existing data on free-ranging orangutans to determine the earliest record of pretending behavior U 9 nR ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. she noted in an e-mail interview from her field station in Borneo. a psychologist. Orangutans are the only type of ape Russon has studied. When such behavior was first recorded is not the issue. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C ) is incorrect. research on other apes would not be relevant. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. is that researchers have not been looking for such behavior. Animal handlers see behaviors they interpret as pretending practically every day.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Of my mother’s two years at the university. said she was surprisingly sophisticated—she liked hats. (D) Handlers of domesticated apes do not always have the rigorous observational training of scientists. There’s a photograph of my mother standing on the pier in Honolulu in 1932. The narrator reflects on her family’s past as she helps her mother prepare to move from her home. instead. U Line She 5 10 nR This excerpt is from a short story by a Japanese American writer. The researchers in the passage are not assuming that the apes' behavior has been misinterpreted. Performing might be a consequence of pretending behavior. ’s wearing a fedora1 pulled smartly to the side. She’s loaded to the ears with leis. the year she left Hawaii to attend the University of California. such as chimpanzees. The implication of the paragraph's last sentence is that many researchers feel that contact with humans determines the frequency of pretending behavior in orangutans. ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. Her favorite class 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. The researchers think that pretending behavior is learned from humans. ed Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. st er Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. My second cousin. (C) Pretending behavior for wild apes may vary considerably by region and population. so they would not expect wild orangutans to demonstrate it.The Official SAT Online Course most fully by the “many researchers” mentioned in line 9? (A) 页码,8/21 Having the ability to pretend has enabled apes. (B) All types of apes. can pretend with human companions. with whom my mother stayed when she first arrived. they are arguing that it is real and has been learned from humans. She is not smiling. Geographical or demographic influences are not discussed in the passage. My mother said that she was homesick. both wild and domesticated. to be trained as performers.htm eg i Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. but it is not an explanation of that behavior. (E) Wild apes living apart from humans pretend only rarely. my grandmother recalled that she received good grades and never wore a kimono again. .

wanted her to become a teacher. what we longed for were the lacy colorful dresses that other girls wore to church on Sunday.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,9/21 15 25 U 30 nR slurped our chasuke . I marched to Japanese language school after my regular classes. however. During her second year. The margins contained her cryptic comments: “Saturday bridge club.htm 2006-11-12 . sometimes with a picture or drawing. At home. and his wishes prevailed. the boarding house reach. and helped prepare meals. we file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. As a child. however. eg is 2 te re d 20 was biology and she entertained thoughts of becoming a scientist. we 35 only spoke English at home. She was a dutiful daughter. we ate in fear of the glass of spilled milk. however. At my grandparents’. We wore tailored dresses and black shoes with white socks. In exchange for room and board she cleaned house. the stray elbow on the table. even though he would not have forced them upon her. We talked too loudly and all at once. Some entries she had copied by hand. she lived near campus with a mathematics professor and his wife. Her father. others she cut out of magazines and pasted on the page. One of the things that survives from this period is a black composition book entitled Recipes of California. I read it like a book of mysteries for clues to a life both alien and familiar. Do not give away. For six years.” That book holds part of the answer to why our family rituals didn’t fit the norm either of our relatives or of the larger community in which we grew up. ironed.” “From Mary G.

towered above our heads. I know that she smarted under a system in which the older son is the center of the familial universe. a softspoken. and my supplies were provided by my grandmother. a difficult stringed instrument thought to teach girls discipline. everything Japanese was a lesson in discipline—flower arranging.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,10/21 40 45 50 55 60 which mortified my mother. or what is forced upon us? What is the principle of selection? My sisters and I are not bound by any of our mother’s obligations. She is playing the koto. How do we choose among what we experience. One summer my sister and I had to take ikebana. on her knees. Of course.htm 2006-11-12 . whose tastes ran to the oversized. the art of flower arrangement. What I remember most clearly is having to walk home carrying one of our creations. embroidery. everything. I remember little of that class and its principles. do you realize that when she’s gone that’s it? She was talking about how to make U nR eg is te r ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. dressed in a kimono and seated. The course was taught by Mrs. but at thirteen I had a fit of jealous rage over her fawning attention to our only male cousin. Oshima. a round-faced and serious twelve or thirteen. at our grandfather’s school. which. My sister has found a photograph of our mother. what we are taught. My sister once asked. on the tatami mat. but she was always complaining about Japanese indirectness. nor do we follow the rituals that seemed so important. terrifying woman. what we run into by chance. more often than not.

the narrator does not discuss any immigrants beyond her own family. 3 2 Chasuke is a rice and tea mixture. re d (E) irrelevance of traditional customs to modern society file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. the passage focuses on the challenge of change rather than the desirability of maintaining traditions. Although the narrator is aware of different standards of behavior in the two households. no conflict is ever mentioned. but the issue of irrelevance is never raised. clothing. The grandmother’s comments in lines 5-7 imply that her daughter’s experiences at the university were characterized by success and camaraderie (B) accomplishment and assimilation (C) enlightenment and introspection (D) diligence and homesickness (E) scholarship and competition ANSWERS eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect.htm 2006-11-12 . 1 A fedora is a soft felt hat popular in the United States in the 1930’s. 3 Sushi is cold rice shaped into small cakes and sometimes topped or wrapped with garnishes. Although examples in the passage do illustrate some assimilation of the narrator’s mother. Although the narrator gives examples of Japanese traditions valued by her grandmother and mother. The passage does address both traditional customs and modern society. but it was a more profound question nonetheless. The thematic focus of the passage is on the (A) 10 conflicts between the narrator’s mother and grandmother (B) challenge of balancing conflicting values and practices (C) widespread assimilation of immigrants into the culture of the United States (D) desirability of maintaining traditions ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 11 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,11/21 sushi . and speech are among the areas considered. The passage offers examples of many American and Japanese values and practices that must be balanced: table manners.

. The thoughts that the daughter entertains remain internal and cannot therefore be "flaunted. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Although "good grades" may have been a result of "diligence. The fact that the daughter earns good grades shows her academic accomplishment." or hard work. The grandmother’s comments about grades and dress do not touch on either "enlightenment" (spiritual insight) or "introspection" (selfexamination)." or holding them in the mind. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The act of "entertaining" thoughts involves "harboring. While the daughter does succeed in "[getting] good grades. not with entertaining people. In this context. it does not suggest that she took great pleasure in this. No competition with. the word "entertained" has to do with thought. that she never wears a kimono again shows that in her manner of dress she is assimilated into American culture." no mention is made of friends or companions. The narrator’s statement in line 14 (“She . for instance. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. other students is necessarily suggested by the daughter’s "good grades." or shown off. 12 In line 11. the grandmother’s comments do not address homesickness. . daughter”) serves to defend her mother’s interest in science (B) justify her mother’s decision to leave home eg AND EXPLANATIONS is t er 2006-11-12 (A) regaled file://E:\新建文件夹\a5." though scholarship may have helped produce them. which would evidence "camaraderie. To "regale" someone is to provide him or her with great enjoyment. it has nothing to do with holding thoughts in the mind." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,12/21 Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect.htm ed . the word "entertained" most nearly means (B) hosted (C) flaunted (D) harbored (E) welcomed ANSWERS U 13 nR (A) Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. Although the word "entertained" means that the daughter thought about being a biologist.

The narrator’s mother becomes a teacher because “her father wanted it” and because she allowed “his wishes to prevail. The narrator’s statement that her mother was “a dutiful daughter” emphasizes the mother’s willingness to put aside her interest in science and accept her father’s plans for her. there is no suggestion that there is a tradition of her always acceding to his demands. but the narrator offers no evidence of any unhappiness at the time she read her mother’s recipe book.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,13/21 (C) explain why her mother became a teacher (D) question the relevance of established customs (E) rationalize her grandfather’s actions ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. The narrator does not suggest that her mother is unwilling to talk about the past. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. The narrator does not say that she had fantasies about her mother. file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. The narrator simply describes her mother’s response to her grandfather’s wishes. ed Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect.” Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. 14 (A) seek proof of her mother’s devotion to the family (B) understand more fully the contradictions in her mother’s behavior U nR (E) (C) perpetuate the fantasy she created about her mother (D) search for clues to her mother’s reluctance to discuss her past discover the cause of her mother’s unhappiness ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. The narrator does not doubt her mother's loyalty to the family. who is mysterious to her. The narrator’s comment is made about a period of time after her mother had already left home for college. rather. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. The narrator reads the book in hopes of understanding her mother.htm 2006-11-12 . The narrator’s mother was homesick during her early time in California. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Although the narrator’s mother is a “dutiful daughter” to her father. she does not describe doing anything. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. eg The narrator suggests that as a child she read her mother’s book of recipes in order to AND EXPLANATIONS is t er Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. she finds her puzzling as a person.

The narrator lists representative activities not to show their variety but to illustrate the range of behaviors that require discipline. The mother is "mortified" by their volume and manners but not fearful for them. AND EXPLANATIONS is Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,14/21 15 The description of the reaction of the mother to her children’s manner of speaking (lines 36-38) highlights how she (A) feared that her children’s naïveté would invite trouble (B) shared her children’s distaste for Japanese language lessons (C) was still imbued with the lessons of her culture (D) insisted on maintaining a strong Japanese influence in her home (E) wanted her children to be fluent in the Japanese language ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect.htm 2006-11-12 ." she does not express any dislike for the language lessons. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. the narrator is concerned with discipline. Only English is spoken in the narrator’s home. Although the mother complains about "Japanese indirectness. te re d Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. The children are loud and speak "all at once." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The repetition of "everything" in a list of occupations requiring great control calls attention to the pervasiveness of discipline in her mother’s Japanese upbringing. and the passage describes the mother as having mixed feelings about Japanese customs. not with their Japanese language skills. Despite her complaints about "Japanese indirectness. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. The mother’s concern about the children’s way of speaking has to do with their volume and their talking simultaneously." but they are not naïve. not competition." the mother is still embarrassed by her children’s loud voices and tendency to talk "all at once. 16 U nR (A) The narrator repeats the word "everything" in lines 46-48 to explain the intensity of her competition with her sister (B) characterize the diverse achievements of Japanese Americans (C) describe her mother’s single-minded pursuit of perfection (D) emphasize the extent to which discipline governed Japanese life (E) highlight the extraordinary skill required to master the koto ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. Although the sisters both studied ikebana.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect." she repeats "everything" to emphasize the extent to which discipline was required in other activities as well. The narrator is interested in the ways discipline pervaded her mother’s life. The description offers a picture that is odd but not sad. 17 In lines 53-56. The description does not indicate any sense of excitement or "adventure.htm 2006-11-12 . The picture of young girls dwarfed by flower arrangements suggests a sense of "absurdity. her sister’s question (lines 62-63) implies that the mother represented the last true vestige of the sisters’ Japanese heritage (B) mother should have made more of an effort to educate her daughters about their background (C) mother’s education in California extended beyond the confines of the university (D) sisters were saddened by their mother’s decision to move (E) sisters would not regret the absence of traditional family rituals ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. The narrator would not have been relieved to be walking home with a flower arrangement that "more often than not. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The description of the girls and the flower arrangements does not carry any particular sense of "vitality." or ridiculous incongruity. The rest of the passage makes clear the ways the mother has made her daughters aware of their heritage and background.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,15/21 Choice (C) is incorrect. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. U 18 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. the narrator’s description of childhood walks home from ikebana class conveys a sense of (A) adventure (B) relief (C) melancholy (D) absurdity (E) vitality ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. Although the narrator mentions that the koto was "thought to teach girls discipline. towered above" her head. To the narrator. not suggesting that her mother strove for perfection. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. The narrator understands her sister’s question to refer to the making of sushi as well as to every other aspect of their Japanese heritage." or energy. AND EXPLANATIONS is t er ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a5.

In the world of pictorial formulas inherited from ancient Rome. right up to the end of the 20 thirteenth century. The sister asked the question sometime in the past. The following passage is excerpted from a historian’s examination of European attitudes toward childhood. Yet the miniaturist has 10 grouped around Jesus what are obviously eight men. the question strongly suggests that they will miss such customs.The Official SAT Online Course Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. not to the scope of the mother’s education. U nR eg is te re d file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. it seems more probable Line that there was no place for childhood in the medieval world. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Though the sisters do not follow the traditional customs themselves. A 5 miniature painted during the twelfth century provides us with a striking example of the deformity that an artist at that time would inflict on the representation of children’ s bodies. without any characteristics of childhood. A painter would not hesitate to give the body of a child the musculature of an adult. presumably before the mother thought of moving. The subject is a Biblical scene in which Jesus is surrounded by little children. In a French miniature of the late eleventh century. they have simply been depicted on a smaller scale. three children brought to life by a saint are also reduced to a smaller scale than the adults.htm 2006-11-12 . It is hard to believe that this neglect was due to incompetence or incapacity. 页码,16/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Medieval European art until about the twelfth century did not know childhood or did not attempt to portray it. 15 without any other difference in expression or features. The question refers to the end of cultural influence.

The Official SAT Online Course 页码,17/21 there are no children characterized by a special expression. shows a mother holding in her arms the bulky body of her son. It * file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. proliferated in that Hellenistic period. had been represented as an adult. and the subsequent Romanesque art returned to the rejection of the special features of childhood. This undoubtedly meant that the people of the tenth and eleventh centuries did not dwell on the image of childhood and that the image had neither interest nor even reality for them. This is no mere coincidence. This refusal to accept 25 35 U 40 45 nR eg is te re d 30 child morphology in art is to be found too in most of the ancient civilizations.” Everything in fact would seem to suggest that the realistic representation of children or the idealization of childhood was confined to ancient Greek art. in accordance with the formula adopted in ancient times by other peoples.htm 2006-11-12 . The museum catalog tells us: “the little masculine figure could also be a child which. the Greek child god of love. A fine Sardinian bronze of the ninth century B. but childhood disappeared from art together with the other Hellenistic themes. Representations of Eros. Our starting point in this study is a world of pictorial representation in which childhood is unknown. literary historians such as Calvé have made the same observation about the medieval epic. in which child prodigies behave with the courage and physical strength of doughty warriors. but only adults on a reduced scale.C.

The Official SAT Online Course 页码,18/21 suggests too that in the realm of real life. Lines 1-37 do not argue that children should not be portrayed. Possible theories about this lack of realistic childhood imagery are put forward only in the third paragraph. rather.htm 2006-11-12 . The first two paragraphs offer several examples in support of the claim that medieval European art did not accurately portray children's specific physical characteristics. AND EXPLANATIONS is te r Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. they describe how they are portrayed. * Structure and form The first two paragraphs (lines 1-37) primarily serve to (A) 19 argue against the depiction of children in artwork (B) suggest that medieval Western art was particularly conservative (C) describe the unrealistic portrayal of children in medieval art (D) trace the evolution of realistic representation in Western art (E) postulate a theory about the thematic focuses of medieval Western art U 20 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. the main focus of the two paragraphs is on representations of children. ed ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. and not simply in that of aesthetic translation. The author’s argument about the depiction of children in medieval art assumes that the depictions suggest the connection between medieval art and religion (B) prefigure the gradual shift to realism (C) are too varied to support any one argument (D) reflect earlier civilizations’ corruption (E) offer an indication of commonly held attitudes ANSWERS eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. The first two paragraphs primarily supply examples of unrealistic representations. The purpose of the first two paragraphs is not to address the themes of medieval art but to address the lack of accurate representations of childhood. The second paragraph mentions a period in Greek art when realistic representation of children flourished. childhood was a period of transition that passed quickly and that was just as quickly 50 forgotten. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Although the second paragraph suggests that medieval art was conservative in that it preserved an old tradition. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. but it makes clear that this period was followed by a return to lack of realism.

it discusses only medieval and ancient images of children's bodies. The passage mentions Biblical scenes in art only to examine the way in which children are depicted in them. there is no indication that the author views these earlier cultures as corrupt.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,19/21 Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Although the passage mentions childhood images that date to the ninth century B. The passage does not consider the nature of childhood. rather.htm d . Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. The passage does not mention modern images of the body. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect.. Although the passage offers a fleeting sociological analysis of medieval people—that childhood images "had neither interest nor even reality for them"—the author does not provide any analyses of medieval artists. The author is not concerned with the connection between religion and medieval art. The author's argument assumes that inaccurate depictions of children in medieval art are a direct result of the era's widespread lack of interest in the nature of children or in childhood images. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The author is concerned not with tracing the evolution of artistic depictions of childhood but with indicating a direct connection between artistic interpretations of children and real-life medieval attitudes toward them. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. (A) quotations from literary sources (C) psychological analyses of medieval artists (D) comparisons of modern and medieval images of the body (E) reflections on the philosophical nature of childhood ANSWERS U 22 nR (A) Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. The last sentence of the passage (lines 46-50) primarily serves to define an important term that is central to the author’s argument eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te (B) descriptions of visual evidence re 2006-11-12 21 The author’s argument is developed primarily by file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. it infers from the way children are depicted in medieval art that medieval Europeans did not consider childhood to have a philosophical nature worth reflecting upon. The author doesn't quote any literary sources and only mentions in passing one literary historian. The basis of the author's argument is that depictions of children in medieval art were not varied but were almost uniformly inaccurate. Most of the passage is devoted to examples of depictions of children in medieval paintings.C.

In the context of line 48." or artistic depiction. "translation" refers not to a "substitution" for life but to a rendering of life that is unrealistic. The historian Calvé is mentioned earlier in the same paragraph. of childhood. but no objections to this thesis are indicated in the passage. since the "translation" doesn't attempt to explain or even recognize childhood. which attempts to explain why childhood was virtually ignored in medieval art.htm 2006-11-12 . The last sentence expands on the author's thesis that images of childhood held no interest for people of the tenth and eleventh centuries. The last sentence offers an explanation for why children were so rarely accurately depicted in medieval art—namely. "translation" refers to the "representation. In line 48. it suggests an explanation for the examples of childhood depictions listed earlier in the passage. it provides an explanation for the examples of inaccurate childhood depictions in art introduced earlier in the passage. “translation” most nearly means substitution (B) explanation (C) representation (D) transportation (E) correction ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. "translation" is not used to mean eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. In line 48.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,20/21 (B) dismiss objections to the author’s thesis (C) provide an explanation for the phenomenon discussed in the previous paragraphs (D) introduce examples from other time periods and other forms of representational art (E) summarize the views of other historians of medieval art ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. neither his nor any other historian's views are discussed in the last sentence. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. however. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. The last sentence does not define any of the terms of the argument. U nR (A) 23 In line 48. because childhood was considered a forgettable state that did not merit accurate depiction. The last sentence does not introduce any examples. AND EXPLANATIONS is te Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. re d Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. "Explanation" is not a possible meaning in the context of line 48.

either children or adults. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. (B) Children were more difficult to paint than adults. (E) Childhood was not recognized in medieval theology. The passage points out that "representations of Eros. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. but the passage indicates that "incompetence or incapacity" (lines 3-4) on the part of an artist was not a likely explanation for the absence of accurate childhood depictions. (D) Childhood was not understood as a separate phase of life. 24 The author offers which explanation for the way that medieval painters depicted children? (A) Children were discouraged from becoming artists’ models. There is no mention in the passage of artists' models. The "translation" discussed in line 48 is not a "correction" of real life as much as it is a rendering of it. the Greek child god of love. one medieval painting was a depiction of Jesus surrounded by small children. U nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. According to the passage. The passage indicates that "childhood was a period of transition" that was seen not as a separate phase but as a quickly forgotten period of pre-adulthood. All rights reserved. (C) Children had never been a subject of art in Western traditions." were plentiful in ancient Greek paintings. Privacy Policy Terms of Use Contact Us file://E:\新建文件夹\a5. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect.htm 2006-11-12 . ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. re d Back to Score Report Copyright © 2006 The College Board. indicating that childhood was indeed recognized in medieval theology (even if painters depicted children as small adults). Children may well have been more difficult to paint than adults. is te Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,21/21 something that "transports" its viewers.

The triple Choice (B) is not correct. The triple satisfy the equation.Practice Test #1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 5 1 Which of the following triples (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) does NOT satisfy the equation Section 6 Section 7 Section 8 Section 9 Section 10 Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. The triple results in However.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/9 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . 2 An amusement park charges more for an adult’s admission than for a child’s adults and admission. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : is te However. the question asks for a triple that does not satisfy the equation. the question asks for a triple that does not satisfy the equation. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : satisfy the equation. The triple Therefore. If a group of the price of admission for one child? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) children spent on admission. the question asks for a triple that does not re d results in ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS results in results in Choice (C) is not correct.htm . this triple does not satisfy the equation. what is ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\a6. nR U Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : eg Choice (A) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. the question asks for a triple that does not However. The triple results in However.

Alice lives next to Sam. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. In this building. and Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. you can conclude that Alice must live in an apartment that has neighbors on both sides (Sam and Paul do not live in the same apartment). and Paul lives next to Alice and Dara. From the fact that Paul lives next to Alice. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . Alice in apartment 3. In which apartment could Alice live? te re d file://E:\新建文件夹\a6. apartment 3 is also a valid answer. 3 (A) (B) U nR (D) (C) (E) ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. Apartment 1 only has one neighboring apartment. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (B). See the explanation for the correct response (B). Let Since the total cost of admission for price of admission for an adult is then adults and children is it follows that This simplifies to Thus. in dollars. and Sam in apartment 4. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. Alice in apartment 2. Paul in apartment 2. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (B). eg only only only or or AND EXPLANATIONS is The figure above shows four apartments in a building. Paul in apartment 3. Dara could live in apartment 1. Sam could live in apartment 1. because the following two arrangements meet all the conditions given in the problem.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/9 Explanation for Correct Answer B : be the price of admission. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. apartment 2 is also a valid answer. It is given that Alice lives next to Sam. each apartment is occupied by only one person. While apartment 2 is a valid answer. The only two apartments that satisfy this condition are apartments 2 and 3. While apartment 3 is a valid answer. and Dara in apartment 4. See the explanation for the correct response (B). Both of these apartments are possible. and Alice must live in an apartment with two neighboring apartments. The Choice (B) is correct. for a child.

This is the ratio of the radius to the area. and then the Sun came out and warmed things up. (E) The temperature decreased at a constant rate from 10 A. AND EXPLANATIONS is Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. The circumference of a circle with radius Thus. d file://E:\新建文件夹\a6. to 6 P. and the temperature was mild throughout. 5 U nR The graph above shows various temperatures from 10 A.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/9 Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.M. but the Sun later came out and raised the temperature. (B) The mild temperature was lowered by a heavy rain in the morning. The graph shows a sharp decrease in temperature in the eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. (D) The morning was cold. This is the ratio of the diameter to the circumference. Neither apartment 1 nor apartment 4 is a valid choice for where Alice could live. of a given day.M.M. Which of the following situations best fits the information on the graph? (A) It rained a little.htm 2006-11-12 . te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct.M. to 6 P. ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. 4 What is the ratio of the radius (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) of a circle to the circumference of the circle? ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS is equal to Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. the ratio of the radius to the circumference is This simplifies to Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. This is the ratio of the circumference to the radius. This is the ratio of the circumference to the diameter. because Alice must live in an apartment that has two neighboring apartments. and the temperature dropped lower by evening. (C) It was more windy in the morning than it was in the evening.

the initial weight of re pounds when she bought it. shows a sharper decrease in temperature in the morning than in the afternoon. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (D). If this description were true. which of the file://E:\新建文件夹\a6. The graph. however. The graph. you would expect to see the temperature decrease at a constant rate throughout the day. Each Choice (D) is correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/9 morning and a slight further decrease in temperature in the afternoon. Over the next several years. shows a decrease in temperature. of the dog after gives the weight. See the explanation for the correct response (D). Which of the following functions dog’s weight increased by years of weight gain at this rate? in pounds. See the explanation for the correct response (D). The graph. See the explanation for the correct response (D). This is the same as multiplying the eg AND EXPLANATIONS is Therefore. therefore. shows a decrease in temperature in the afternoon. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. If this description were true. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. you would expect to see an increase in temperature in the afternoon. 7 If all four interior angles of quadrilateral following statements must be true? have the same measure. The dog’s weight increases by year. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. however. after te years. 6 (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) U nR ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : percent per year. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. shows a decrease in temperature. the Rita’s dog weighed percent per year. however. If this description were true.htm 2006-11-12 . The situation described by choice (B) best fits this information. you would expect to see roughly constant temperatures throughout the day. however. the dog’s new weight is the dog’s weight the previous year plus times the dog’s weight the previous year. d previous weight by pounds has increased to pounds. The graph. If this description were true. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. you would expect to see an increase in temperature throughout the day.

This statement is not necessarily true.htm 2006-11-12 . Statement II is not true for rectangles that are not squares Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. A rectangle that is not a square is an example of a quadrilateral in which all four interior angles do have the same measure but the diagonals are not perpendicular. II. II. All sides of have equal length. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. U 8 nR If (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. I. it follows that equation is what is te re d in terms of yields the file://E:\新建文件夹\a6. in a quadrilateral is they each have a measure of Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/9 I. and III ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. This statement must be true. II. Statement I is not true for rectangles that are not squares. neither statement I nor II is necessarily true. The sum of the measures of the interior angles If all four interior angles have the same measure. III. A rectangle that is not a square is an example of a quadrilateral in which all four interior angles do have the same measure but the four sides do not all have the same length. The diagonals of are perpendicular. eg and ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS in the equation Explanation for Correct Answer C : for Choice (C) is correct. III. Statement III must be true. The measure of each interior angle is (A) None (B) I only (C) II only (D) III only (E) I. Substituting From this. This statement is not necessarily true. While statement III must be true.

is even and positive integers. the greatest number of different selections is 6 × x 9 = 54 selections. 9 Your Response: U 10 nR Explanation: Correct Response(s): 54 The correct answer is 54. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. What file://E:\新建文件夹\a6. Since then If and then If and then must be positive.htm 2006-11-12 . but it is given that then If and and So there are three possible values of 11 eg i and A snack machine has buttons arranged as shown above. If Your Response: Correct Response(s): 3 or 6 or 9 Explanation: are and It is given that and The three possible correct answers are must be odd. you multiply the number of possible choices of a letter by the number of possible choices of a number. To determine the number of possible different selections. what is the greatest number of different selections that could be made? and st are positive integers.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,6/9 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. what is one possible value of er A rectangular-shaped field has a perimeter of ed feet and a width of feet. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. If is odd. If a selection is made by choosing a letter followed by a one-digit number. Therefore. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct.

The Official SAT Online Course
is the area of the field in square feet?

页码,7/9

Your Response:

Correct Response(s): 9600

Explanation:

To determine the area of the field, you must first The correct answer is determine its length. The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is Therefore, and the width is given as The perimeter is given as

which simplifies to

feet. The area of a rectangle is the

length multiplied by the width, so the area equals

square feet.

12

If

what is the value of

Your Response:

Correct Response(s): 2

re d
by one-half is the same as multiplying

Explanation:

The correct answer is

. The equation

can

be solved for

as follows:

13

nR
If
Explanation:

divided by one-half is

U

Your Response:

Correct Response(s): 25

eg is
, what is the value of

te
The correct answer is and two. So

Dividing

by

14

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The Official SAT Online Course

页码,8/9

In

above, what is the length of

Your Response:

Correct Response(s): 9

Explanation:

The correct answer is

Since

has a measure of

and the sum of the

measures of angles

and

is

it follows that

must

have a measure of

Therefore, the measure of

is

This identifies

as a special right triangle, which

has the property that the shortest side (opposite the

angle) is half as long as

the hypotenuse of the triangle. Therefore,

15

is subtracted from the sum of the The sum of the positive odd integers less than . What is the resulting difference? positive even integers less than or equal to

Your Response:

Correct Response(s): 50

Explanation:

pairs of terms, the difference between the two sums is

U

16

nR

You can also approach this problem algebraically by considering the fact that every and every positive can be written as positive odd integer less than is greater where can be written as even integer less than or equal to terms in each sum and Since there are and less than or equal to than the difference between the is and the difference between each pair two sums is

eg

odd integers less than The sum of the is You can see that the first term in the first sum is is more than the first term in the second sum, the second term in the first sum is such more than the second term in the second sum, and so on. Since there are

is t
or

The correct answer is

The sum of the

er e

even integers less than or equal to

d
for all values of

The function

above is defined in terms of another function

where

is a constant. If

is a number for which

and

what does

equal?

Your Response:

Correct Response(s): 3.5, 7/2

Explanation:

The correct answer is

Substituting the given values for

and

into the given equation yields the equation

This equation simplifies to

and so

The answer can be entered into the grid as either a

fraction or a decimal.

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The Official SAT Online Course

页码,9/9

17

minutes long, Fifty percent of the songs played on a certain radio station are minutes long. What is the percent are percent are minutes long, and average (arithmetic mean) number of minutes per song played on this radio station?

Your Response:

Correct Response(s): 3.4, 17/5

Explanation:

The correct answer is

or

To determine the average length of songs

played on this radio station, you can take the appropriate fraction of each of the minutes long, of the songs are lengths and add them together. Since

are

minutes long, and

are

minutes long, the average length is

minutes. This value can also be expressed and

gridded as

18

Correct Response(s): 125

Explanation:

is
blocks.

te
unpainted

Your Response:

U

nR
is made up of

Around this core is a shell of blocks, or a cube with length, width, and height block to each blocks, one block thick, all of which are painted. This shell adds blocks total to each dimension of the core cube, making side of the core cube, or A cube of this size the length, width, and height of the large cube each equal to

eg

The correct answer is

The core of the large cube is a cube of

re

A large solid cube is assembled by gluing together identical unpainted small cubic blocks. All six faces of the large cube are then painted red. If exactly 27 of the small cubic blocks that make up the large cube have no red paint on them, how many small cubic blocks make up the large cube?

d

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file://E:\新建文件夹\a6.htm

2006-11-12

It avoids the error of the original by reducing the subordinate clause introduced by "being that" to the modifying phrase "a Southern writer. who was a Southern writer." U 2 nR eg (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) involves the use of an improper idiom. "William Faulkner. The sentence would be clearer if the awkward phrase "because of him being" were deleted and the simple modifying phrase "a writer from the South" were left. Tadpoles hatch and metamorphose into small replicas of adult frogs although remaining in their aquatic birthplace. used Mississippi as a setting for most of his novels. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) involves the use of an improper idiom.Practice Test #1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 5 1 William Faulkner.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/21 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . It provides the modifying phrase "in origin a writer of the South" where it would be more idiomatic to use a phrase such as "a writer originally from the South. The word "while" indicates a contrast in ideas where there is no contrast. with the adverb “while. although remaining (B) while remaining (C) in spite of it remaining (D) due to their remaining (E) in the course of which they remain ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. (A) Section 6 Section 7 being that he was a Southern writer Section 8 (B) a Southern writer Section 9 (C) while a writer from the South Section 10 (D) in origin a writer of the South (E) because of him being a writer from the South ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) results in an unsatisfactory sentence.htm 2006-11-12 . It avoids the error of the original by replacing the adverb “although.” which indicates is te r ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a7. being that he was a Southern writer.” which indicates contrast. The phrase "being that" is improperly used to introduce a subordinate clause ("he was a Southern writer") where it would be more idiomatic to say." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is unsatisfactory because it results in an illogical sentence.

This use results in an illogical sentence because the noun "notice" has a different meaning from the verb "notice. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) involves the use of a vague pronoun. The phrase "due to" illogically indicates that the development of tadpoles into frogs is caused by their remaining in water. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) involves the use of a vague pronoun." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) involves improper diction." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is unsatisfactory because the use of the preposition "without. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) involves improper modification. The phrase "the result of" is awkward and unnecessary." U 4 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) involves the improper use of an idiom.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/21 the time during which tadpoles change. It is not clear what the pronoun “it” refers to. The adverb "although" illogically indicates a contrast between the two parts of the sentence.. It provides the phrase "and no one notices" where it would be more idiomatic to use the phrase "and have no one notice. which are not contrasting ideas. 3 You cannot expect to treat your friends badly and no one notices. frogs")." with the more idiomatic and parallel phrase "and have no one notice. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) involves wordiness. The memoirs of President Clinton begin with his childhood in Arkansas and culminate in his rise to the presidency. begin with his childhood in Arkansas and culminate (B) that begin with his childhood in Arkansas and culminate (C) have begun with his childhood in Arkansas and culminate eg is te r AND EXPLANATIONS ed 2006-11-12 (A) and no one notices file://E:\新建文件夹\a7. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) results in an illogical sentence.. It avoids the error of the original by replacing the phrase "and no one notices." results in a double negative.htm . The sentence uses the word "notice" as a noun. The sentence is unsatisfactory because the pronoun "which" appears to refer to an entire clause ("Tadpoles." in combination with the phrase "no one. (B) and have no one notice (C) without notice by someone (D) without notice by no one (E) without the result of somebody noticing ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct.

The only verbs (“begin” and “culminate”) are in a dependent clause introduced by “that." eg (A) Because of ignoring its potential. Since the phrase contains no verb (only the verbals "ignoring" and "rejecting"). AND EXPLANATIONS is Because of ignoring its potential. The verbs "begin" and "culminate" are both in present tense. The verbal "caused" does not logically modify the noun immediately before it.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) creates a sentence fragment. te r ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a7." the phrase "of their ignoring" is less idiomatic than "they ignore. The past tense of the verb "began" is not consistent with the present tense of "are culminated." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) creates a fragment. It avoids the error of the original by using a clause with a clearly identified actor—the pronoun "they" (which refers to "most physicians")." is far removed from the only noun in the sentence it could logically modify—"physicians. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) involves incorrect tense sequence. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) displays improper modification. (D) Most physicians reject biofeedback because they ignore its potential. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) involves loose modification and inappropriate word order. U nR (E) (C) Most physicians." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) fails to maintain parallelism." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) exhibits incorrect tense sequence. caused by ignoring its potential. "Because of ignoring its potential." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) uses an inappropriate idiom. is biofeedback. and the two verbs join with prepositional phrases to produce parallel constructions. The present perfect tense of the verb "have begun" is not consistent with the present tense of "culminate.” so a complete thought is not stated. "physicians. The introductory phrase. After the conjunction "because." 5 (B) Biofeedback is rejected by most physicians because of their ignoring its potential. The verbal "culminating" is not parallel with the earlier verb "have begun. biofeedback is a medical therapy most physicians reject.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/21 (D) have begun with his childhood in Arkansas and culminating (E) began with his childhood in Arkansas and are culminated ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. because of ignoring the potential of biofeedback. A medical therapy rejected by most physicians. it does not state a complete thought. biofeedback is a medical therapy most physicians reject. and rejecting it.

who was an American nurse and whose influence as a reformer (C) An American with influence as a nursing reformer. The pronoun "which" refers to the idea expressed by an entire clause ("that his sons have no flaws"). not to any specific noun. The pronoun "which" refers to the idea expressed by an entire clause ("that his sons have no flaws"). an American nurse. Since the only verb. Clara Barton (D) Clara Barton was an American nurse whose influence as a reformer (E) An American. whose influence as a reformer (B) Clara Barton. It avoids the error of the original by replacing the vague pronoun "which" with the noun "belief" to identify Willy Loman's mistaken idea. ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a7. Since the only verb. U nR (A) 7 Clara Barton. an American nurse. . It avoids the error of the original by forming an independent clause with “Clara Barton” as the subject and “was” as the verb. the sentence does not state a complete thought. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) uses improper coordination. AND EXPLANATIONS is t Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) displays wordiness. . The phrase "of which" is not needed. . the sentence does not state a complete thought. whose influence as a reformer in the field of health care almost equals that of Florence Nightingale.” is within a dependent clause.htm 2006-11-12 . . not to any specific noun. Clara Barton who was a nursing reformer and whose influence ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. (A) believing which leads (B) a belief that leads (C) and which is to lead (D) the belief of which leads (E) his believing this leads ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. believing which leads to many problems for the entire family.” is within a dependent clause. It joins two complete thoughts ("In Death . entire family") with only a comma. no flaws" and "his believing .The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/21 6 In Death of a Salesman Willy Loman mistakenly believes that his sons have no flaws. “equals. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) creates a sentence fragment. er Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) involves loose pronoun reference. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) produces a sentence fragment. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) exhibits loose pronoun reference. Clara Barton. “equals.

" the phrase needs to be placed next to the noun it does apparently modify. "had visited. Since the adverbial phrase "during the summer months" tells when people went to the park (not when it was known for its waterfalls and rocks). he ANSWERS eg i AND EXPLANATIONS st Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) displays improper modification. second. The introductory phrase ("Known for its waterfalls and rock formations") cannot logically modify the noun that immediately follows." file://E:\新建文件夹\a7. having promised both to cut taxes and improve services. It compares a person. The dependent clause introduced by "which" comes immediately after the noun it modifies. he (B) The candidate." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) exhibits incorrect word order. which is known for its waterfalls and rock formations during the summer months. ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 9 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) involves improper modification and incorrect word order. to cut taxes and. (B) Known for its waterfalls and rock formations. (C) Several thousand people a day visit the park during the summer months known for its waterfalls and rock formations. several thousand people a day visit the park. "visit. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) involves a sentence fragment. (C) Although the candidate made promises both to cut taxes and improve services. knowing its waterfalls and rock formations." Although the candidate promised both to cut taxes and improve services. "people. the phrase is improperly separated from the verb it modifies. several thousand people a day visit the park.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/21 Choice (C) makes an illogical comparison. so a complete thought is not stated. The only verbs. which is known for its waterfalls and rock formations. the candidate (E) The candidate’s promises were both to cut taxes and improve services." are in dependent clauses. he failed to keep either of them after the election. “Clara Barton. "park. "visit. Since the phrase "known for its waterfalls and rock formations" cannot logically modify the noun "months." and the adverb phrase "During the summer months" comes near the verb it modifies. (E) During the summer months. (D) Several thousand people had visited the park a day. Since the adverbial phrase "during the summer months" tells when people go to the park (not when they know about its waterfalls and rocks). (A) During the summer months. several thousand people a day visit the park." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) uses incorrect word order. "was" and "equals.” with the influence of another person (“that of Florence Nightingale”). which is known for its waterfalls and rock formations. several thousand people a day visit the park during the summer months. he (D) Having promised. the phrase is improperly separated from the verb it modifies.htm 2006-11-12 . Although the candidate promised both to cut taxes and improve services. "park. to improve services." er ed Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. 8 During the summer months. first.

It joins two complete thoughts ("The candidate's . .htm d . (A) anticipated. Chinese watercolors have become more popular than American and European artists who are their contemporaries. It uses a semicolon to join unequal sentence parts (a complete thought before the semicolon and a dependent clause after it). The sentence contains no noun that the connecting pronoun "which" can modify. The pronoun "them" (apparently meaning "promises") does not refer to any specific noun in the sentence.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,6/21 Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) uses improper coordination. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) involves improper modification. American and European artists who are their contemporaries (B) contemporary American and European artists eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te re 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\a7. after the election") with only a comma. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) involves vague pronoun reference. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) displays improper modification. The sentence provides no noun to which the pronoun "them" (apparently meaning "promises") can refer. and so they had been ANSWERS U 11 nR (A) Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) displays vague pronoun reference. 10 The students’ fieldwork in the state forest proved more exciting and more dangerous than any of them had anticipated. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) exhibits ineffective coordination. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) uses improper coordination. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) exhibits vague pronoun reference. . . It uses the connecting phrase "and so" to join two complete thoughts. when they had to be (C) anticipated: they had to be (D) anticipated: among which was their (E) anticipated. having to be rescued by helicopter during a fire. It avoids the error of the original by describing the need to be rescued in an independent clause with the pronoun "they" as its subject. improve services" and "he failed . It avoids the error of the original by including the noun "promises. The phrase "having to be rescued" (presumably referring to students) has no noun or pronoun to modify. The sentence contains no noun to which the pronoun "them" (apparently meaning "promises") can refer. but this linkage incorrectly suggests that the first clause describes a cause and the second a result. ." to which the pronoun "them" can refer. having to be (B) anticipated.

" Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C)." with people.htm 2006-11-12 . "had been. It compares things." with people. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. It compares things. The word "shown. which involves an improper sequence of tenses. The adjective "small" properly modifies the noun "theaters." a past participle of the verb "to show. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) contains an illogical comparison. Explanation for Correct Answer A : The error in this sentence occurs at (A). Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) makes an illogical comparison. It avoids the error of the original by including the words "those by" so that watercolors from China are compared with watercolors from Europe and America. The pluperfect verb phrase. The phrase "those of" is not needed and confusing since the phrase also contains the noun "pictures.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,7/21 (C) those by contemporary American and European artists of the period (D) those of American and European pictures of the same period (E) those by contemporary American and European artists ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct." By next year the old vaudeville theater had been converted into two small theaters in which films can be shown." does not agree with the phrase "By next year" or with the tense of the verb phrase "can be shown" later in the sentence." d Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) displays wordiness." file://E:\新建文件夹\a7. No error U nR ANSWERS Corrected Sentence: By next year the old vaudeville theatre will have been converted into two small theaters in which films can be shown. The preposition "in" properly combines with the pronoun "which" to refer to the two small theaters where the films can be shown. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). eg is 12 AND EXPLANATIONS te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) exhibits wordiness. "watercolors. "watercolors." properly combines with the phrase "can be" to produce an appropriate verb phrase. "American and European artists. The phrase "of the period" is not needed since it merely repeats the time specified earlier by the adjective "contemporary. "American and European artists.

" Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence.” file://E:\新建文件夹\a7. The participle “studying” properly introduces the modifying phrase. agrees with its plural subject. set world records. "who. The plural verb "were" agrees with its plural subject.” which modifies “scholars. No error Corrected Sentence: Explanation for Correct Answer E : There is no error in this sentence. who were swimmers on the United States team.htm 2006-11-12 ." and is properly used to introduce a subordinate clause." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). The pronoun "who." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C)." which can be either singular or plural. The adverb "increasingly" properly modifies the adjective "interested. "scholars. 14 U nR ANSWERS At the 1984 Olympic Games. where an improper pronoun case is used. The past-tense verb "set" functions logically within the 1984 time frame of the sentence. ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: Some scholars studying the writings of Emily Brontë have become increasingly interested in the relationships between her siblings and her. John Moffet and Pablo Morales. Explanation for Correct Answer D : The error in this sentence occurs at (D). eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te re d Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A).The Official SAT Online Course 页码,8/21 13 Some scholars studying the writings of Emily Brontë have become increasingly interested in the relationships between her siblings and she No error . “studying the writings of Emily Brontë. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). The nominative pronoun "she" is used in the prepositional phrase introduced by the word "between" instead of the objective pronoun "her. The plural verb phrase "have become" agrees with its plural subject. "John Moffet and Pablo Morales.

" AND EXPLANATIONS is t Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). demonstrating a diversity of talents and interests." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. The plural noun phrase. "popular murder mysteries.htm 2006-11-12 . the fans were surprised by the success of the young. The subordinating conjunction "Although" properly introduces a subordinate adverbial clause. The connecting word "plus" is not the correct term for use in a phrase beginning with "both. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). The plural verb "have" agrees with its plural subject ("Dorothy Sayers" and "Carolyn Heilbrun"). Although the coach had predicted that the team would have a winning season. and the present perfect tense is appropriate to indicate action begun in the past and continuing to the present. er ed Explanation for Correct Answer A : The error in this sentence occurs at (A)." properly indicates that Moffet and Morales had separate record-setting performances. demonstrating a diversity of talents and interests." and "of" is the appropriate preposition to introduce a phrase modifying "diversity." file://E:\新建文件夹\a7.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,9/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). inexperienced players. No error Corrected Sentence: Explanation for Correct Answer E : There is no error in this sentence. The phrase "as well as" functions properly after the noun "works" to indicate the addition of another item. where the idiom is inappropriate. The noun "diversity" functions correctly as the object of the verbal "demonstrating. "world records. U 16 nR ANSWERS Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). No error ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: Both Dorothy Sayers and Carolyn Heilbrun have written scholarly works as well as popular murder mysteries. 15 Both Dorothy Sayers plus Carolyn Heilbrun have written scholarly works as well as popular murder mysteries.

" Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). the owners of small hardware stores know . where there is a shift of pronoun. the owners of small hardware stores know that they are unlikely to make much profit and may. Although science offers the hope of preventing serious genetic diseases. st er ed 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\a7. The plural verb "were" agrees with its plural subject. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C).” Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). No error ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: Because they must compete with a large chain of superstores that can afford to charge very low rates for certain items. The prepositional phrase "of.." introduced by the word "and. "fans. U 18 nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). there is difficult ethical questions raised by the possibility of altering human heredity." 17 Because they must compete with a large chain of super-stores that can afford to charge very low rates for certain items. the adjective “much” properly modifies the noun “profit.. players" correctly modifies the noun "success. in fact..htm . The word "predicted" combines with the word "had" to produce an appropriate tense of the verb.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,10/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). The verb phrase "must compete" agrees with its subject. The second-person pronoun "you" does not agree with the third-person pronoun "they" earlier in the sentence (which in turn refers to the plural subject of the sentence. Furthermore. that you are unlikely to make much profit and may in fact.. go bankrupt. go bankrupt." and its tense combines logically with those of the other verbs in the sentence. The verb phrase "may. No error eg i Explanation for Correct Answer B : The error in this sentence occurs at (B). go bankrupt. "owners"). The verb tense indicates that the coach's prediction happened before the fans' reaction.. profit." is properly parallel with the preceding verb phrase "are unlikely. "they.. The infinitive “to make” modifies the adjective “unlikely” to produce an appropriate idiom. The relative pronoun "that" properly introduces the noun clause to state what the coach predicted.

Explanation for Correct Answer B : The error in this sentence occurs at (B). Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). The singular pronoun "it" does not agree with the plural noun "careers. The preposition "of" and the verbal "preventing" correctly introduce a phrase that modifies the previous noun." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. but it did not require practitioners to hold college degrees. but they did not require practitioners to hold college degrees. "questions. No error U 20 nR eg ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: In the nineteenth century.htm 2006-11-12 . 19 In the nineteenth century.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,11/21 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: Although science offers the hope of preventing serious genetic diseases." to which it refers." and the adverb "not" is the appropriate negative word. "hope. In this inverted construction. The verbal "raised" and the preposition "by" correctly begin a phrase that modifies the noun "questions. is t er e d file://E:\新建文件夹\a7. The verbal "to hold" is the appropriate phrase to use between the nouns "practitioners" and "college degrees. "were. there are difficult ethical questions raised by the possibility of altering human heredity." and the preposition "of" correctly begins another phrase that modifies "possibility." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. "careers. Explanation for Correct Answer B : The error in this sentence occurs at (B)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). the singular verb "is" does not agree with its plural subject. "did require. The plural verb "were" agrees with its plural subject." is consistent with the earlier past-tense verb. careers in business and law were prestigious. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). The verb in past tense. careers in business and law were prestigious. where there is a problem with subject-verb agreement." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). The noun "possibility" is used correctly as the object of the preposition "by. where the number of the pronoun is incorrect.

even though no chess-playing computer has yet won a championship. "chess players." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C)." combines with the word "has" to produce the appropriate verb tense." the past participle of the verb "to win.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,12/21 Chess players find that playing against a computer is helpful to improve their skills." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D)." and the present tense of "inhabit" is consistent with eg i AND EXPLANATIONS st Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). The plural verb "inhabit" agrees with the plural noun phrase "all the slug species.htm 2006-11-12 . er ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a7.” where it would be more idiomatic to use the phrase “in improving. The plural verb "are" agrees with its plural subject. The verbal "Reaching" properly introduces a participial phrase that modifies the noun "slugs. not a comparison of banana slugs with all other slug species in North America." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). even though no chess-playing computer has yet won a championship. 21 U ANSWERS nR Reaching lengths of twelve inches. banana slugs are the largest of all the slug species that inhabit North America. banana slugs are the much larger of all the slug species that inhabit North America. The plural possessive pronoun "their" is properly used to refer to the subject. where the comparative term is incorrect. Explanation for Correct Answer C : The error in this sentence occurs at (C). The subordinating conjunction “even though” properly introduces the subordinate adverbial clause. . Explanation for Correct Answer A : The error in this sentence occurs at (A). “even though no chess-playing .” Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. "slugs. The word "won.” Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). championship. No error Corrected Sentence: Reaching lengths of twelve inches. No error ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: Chess players find that playing against a computer is helpful in improving their skills. . where an improper idiom is used. The infinitive “to improve” is used in combination with the verb phrase “is helpful. The phrase "much larger" implies a comparison between only two items.

Whistler’s paintings. are conventional in their subject matter. 2006-11-12 . No error ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: Maya Madera proudly wore her sister’s most popular invention. where the comparison is not logical. unlike those of Klee. a watch for winter campers that flashes the temperature in lighted numerals and sends out a loud alarm when pressing a button. a watch for winter campers that flashes the temperature in lighted numerals and sends out a loud alarm when one presses a button. The dependent clause "that flashes the temperature" correctly serves as an adjective describing the watch. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. The phrase "pressing a button" cannot logically modify the noun just before it. unlike Klee. Corrected Sentence: Obviously. Explanation for Correct Answer B : The error in this sentence occurs at (B).htm d Explanation for Correct Answer D : The error in this sentence occurs at (D). 22 Maya Madera proudly wore her sister’s most popular invention. are conventional in their subject matter. Obviously. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : eg is Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). "alarm. The adverb "proudly" (telling how) is used correctly to modify the verb "wore. Whistler’s paintings." and the noun "watch" is placed properly as an appositive to "invention. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. The noun phrase "most popular invention" functions correctly as the direct object of the verb "wore." AND EXPLANATIONS te re file://E:\新建文件夹\a7. where modification is improper." U 23 nR No error ANSWERS Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). Works of art ("Whistler's paintings") are improperly compared with an artist ("Klee")." or any other word in the sentence.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,13/21 the tense of the earlier verb "are.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. The plural pronoun "their" agrees with the plural noun "paintings. The adverb "obviously" correctly modifies "are" and indicates a high degree of certainty." and the preposition "in" correctly introduces a phrase that modifies "conventional." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. No error eg Explanation for Correct Answer A : The error in this sentence occurs at (A). 24 A newly formed organization of homeowners and business people have met withthe transportation department to voice its concerns about plans fora shopping mall in the community." and the preposition "for" appropriately begins another prepositional phrase that modifies "plans." to which it refers. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). Although she considers her chemistry research complete. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). The plural verb "have" agrees with the interrupting nouns ("homeowners and business people") but not with its singular subject.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,14/21 There is no error at (A). The adjective "conventional" is used appropriately after the linking verb "are. where there is a problem with subject-verb agreement. she has heeded her professor’s advice and is conducting three additional experiments. No error ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 25 nR ANSWERS Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a7." and the preposition "about" is appropriate to begin a phrase that modifies "concerns. The noun "concerns" serves correctly as the direct object of the infinitive "to voice. The noun "plans" serves correctly as the object of the preposition "about.htm 2006-11-12 . "organization. The infinitive "to voice" correctly introduces a verbal phrase that modifies "met" and indicates the purpose of the meeting." AND EXPLANATIONS is t er Corrected Sentence: A newly formed organization of homeowners and business people has met with the transportation department to voice its concerns about plans for a shopping mall in the community.

The preposition "of" is used correctly to begin a phrase modifying "tradition. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). complete. The adjective "complete" properly modifies the noun phrase. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. The sentence contains no singular noun to which the pronoun "it" (presumably meaning an honorary degree) can refer.. No error ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 27 nR Explanation for Correct Answer D : The error in this sentence occurs at (D). "her chemistry research. The past tense verb "broke" is used correctly to describe action already completed. His love of politics led him to volunteer in local campaigns as well as a job in a eg Corrected Sentence: Princeton University officials first broke with a tradition of awarding honorary degrees only to men when they awarded such a degree to author Willa Cather. The subordinating conjunction "Although" properly introduces the subordinate adverbial clause. where the pronoun reference is vague." and properly introduces the second half of the compound predicate of the main clause." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). "she considers. "she.." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B).The Official SAT Online Course 页码,15/21 Corrected Sentence: Explanation for Correct Answer E : There is no error in this sentence. "she. The singular verb phrase "has heeded" agrees with its singular subject. Princeton University officials first broke with a tradition of awarding honorary degrees only to men when they awarded it to author Willa Cather. and the preposition "with" is used properly to begin a phrase modifying "broke. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). is te re d 26 file://E:\新建文件夹\a7." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). The singular verb phrase "is conducting" agrees with its singular subject. The prepositional phrase "to men" is used correctly to identify those awarded honorary degrees.htm 2006-11-12 ." and the verbal "awarding" functions properly as the object of the preposition.

eg AND EXPLANATIONS is 28 te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). d file://E:\新建文件夹\a7. where there is a flaw in parallelism. "finished.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,16/21 government office in the state capital." is inappropriate because the adverb "now" indicates action begun in the past but continuing until the present (action described correctly by the present perfect tense). she feels reasonably confident about writing her paper on the rise of the progressive movement in the United States. The prepositional phrase "about writing" functions properly as an adverb modifying the adjective "confident." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. The connecting phrase "as well" functions correctly to introduce an additional activity. she feels reasonably confident about writing her paper on the rise of the progressive movement in the United States. No error ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: His love of politics led him to volunteer in local campaigns as well as to work in a government office in the state capital. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence." and the preposition "of" introduces another prepositional phrase that modifies "rise.htm 2006-11-12 ." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : There is no error at (C). No error U nR ANSWERS Corrected Sentence: Now that Michiko has finished the research." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). The past-tense verb "led" correctly describes actions already completed. Explanation for Correct Answer A : The error in this sentence occurs at (A). The past tense of the verb. The noun phrase "a job" is not parallel with the earlier verbal phrase "to volunteer. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). Since the pronoun "him" is the direct object of the verb "led. where the tense sequence is incorrect. The noun "rise" serves appropriately as the object of the preposition "on. The adjective "confident" is used correctly after the verb "feels." the objective case is correct. Now that Michiko finished the research. Explanation for Correct Answer D : The error in this sentence occurs at (D). Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B)." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A)." and the adverb "reasonably" properly modifies "confident.

st Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : There is no error at (D). U 30 (1) A significant problem all across our state is garbage." and that singular verb agrees with its singular subject. (6) With incineration of trash. nR (A) Which of the following would fit most logically between sentences 1 and 2? A sentence citing examples of states that have used up available landfills (B) A sentence citing examples of successful alternatives to landfills (C) A sentence citing the number of new landfills in the state (D) A sentence citing the number of illnesses blamed on polluted water in the state eg i Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : There is an error in the sentence. (2) Our landfills are full. The connecting word "thus" is used correctly to link a cause (swelling) with its effect (prevention of movement). there are drawbacks to every solution that they think of. (7) People are criticized for not wanting to live near a polluting waste disposal facility.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,17/21 29 The condition known as laryngitis usually causes the vocal cords and surrounding tissue to swell.htm 2006-11-12 . After the verbal "preventing" the phrase "to move" is not idiomatic. can you blame them? (8) Recycling can be an effective solution. The adverb "usually" correctly modifies the verb "causes. Explanation for Correct Answer C : The error in this sentence occurs at (C). but owners of apartment complexes and other businesses complain that recycling adds to their expenses. preventing the cords ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Corrected Sentence: The condition known as laryngitis usually causes the vocal cords and surrounding tissue to swell." file://E:\新建文件夹\a7. (13) Certainly we should press individuals. industries. and all levels of government to take responsible action while we can still see green grass and trees between the mountains of waste. (3) It seems that we must either find new sites for landfills or employ other methods of disposal. to move freely No error thus . you get air pollution. but really. thus preventing the cords from moving freely. (12) We should make a particular effort to cut down on the manufacture and use of things that will not decompose quickly. The adverb "freely" is used correctly to tell how the cords normally move er ed Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : There is no error at (A). (10) They tend to shy away from pressuring such heavy contributors to recycle. "condition. (4) Unfortunately. (5) Polluted runoff water often results from landfills. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : There is no error at (B). (9) Local governments enjoy the benefits of taxes collected from business and industry. like incineration. (11) Perhaps those of us being concerned should encourage debate about what other levels of government can do to solve the problems of waste disposal. where the idiom is inappropriate.

proposals are made not to solutions. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is unsatisfactory because what is needed is a sentence about landfills. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is unsatisfactory because it results in an illogical sentence. 31 (B) that was thought of (C) that they have previously come up with U nR (E) (D) to which there are proposals that has been proposed ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. is discussed later in the essay. Furthermore." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is unsatisfactory because it involves the use of a vague pronoun. not alternatives to landfills. but to people or groups of people. "has been proposed.htm d Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is unsatisfactory because polluted water. the adverb “previously” does not make sense in the context of the sentence. te re file://E:\新建文件夹\a7." and gets rid of the vague pronoun "they.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,18/21 (E) A sentence citing the average amount of trash disposed of annually by each person in the state ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is unsatisfactory because it deals with other states. eg (A) (as it is now) AND EXPLANATIONS is Which of the following is the best way to phrase the underlined portion of sentence 4 (reproduced below) ? Unfortunately. there are drawbacks to every solution that they think of. It avoids the error of the original by providing a passive verb phrase. 2006-11-12 . which describes the situation entirely in the present tense. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is unsatisfactory because the past tense of the verb does not fit logically into the context. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is unsatisfactory because the information that would fit most logically is not about the number of landfills but the amount of garbage that goes into them. Neither the sentence nor its context mentions anyone to whom the pronoun "they" can logically refer. a byproduct of landfills. it does not explain how landfills in the writer's own state became full. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is unsatisfactory because there is nothing in the sentence to which the pronoun “they” can logically refer. Information about the amount of trash disposed of annually in the state explains how the state's landfills came to be full. what is needed here is information about how the landfills themselves became full. It makes no sense to speak of proposals that are made to solutions.

. AND EXPLANATIONS te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is unsatisfactory because it involves improper coordination: the two clauses are improperly linked with both "and" and "whereas. probably making that statement inaccurate. from incineration of trash. there is air pollution. (A) With landfills. . U 33 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is unsatisfactory because the verbs "is" and "is" do not indicate causal connections. Also. polluted runoff water will result. also. With incineration of trash. (D) Landfills and incineration that produce water and air pollution. on the other hand you have air pollution in the case of incineration of trash. it merely says that both exist. you get air pollution.htm 2006-11-12 . and whereas with incineration of trash." d file://E:\新建文件夹\a7.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,19/21 32 Which of the following is the best way to revise and combine sentences 5 and 6 (reproduced below) ? Polluted runoff water often results from landfills. and trash incineration creates air pollution. you get air pollution." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is unsatisfactory because it is a fragment. (B) While on the one hand are landfills and polluted runoff water. ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. eg is Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is unsatisfactory because the wordy phrases “While on the one hand . (E) Runoff water is from new landfills. the sentence does not make clear the link between landfills and polluted runoff water. on the other hand” illogically indicate a contrast between the two ideas. If sentence 8 were rewritten to begin with the clause “Although recycling can be an effective solution. The main clause completes the sentence by describing a negative reaction and needs no connecting word to link it with the introductory dependent clause. the sentence has no main verb.” the next words would most logically be and owners of apartment complexes and other businesses complain (B) yet owners of apartment complexes and other businesses complain (C) owners of apartment complexes and other businesses complain (D) mostly owners of apartment complexes and other businesses are complaining (E) owners of apartment complexes and other business complained ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. the word "new" changes the meaning of the first clause. It combines the two sentences using the same grammatical structure in both clauses and linking them with the word "and. (C) Landfills often produce polluted runoff water.

which of the following is the best way to combine sentences 9 and 10? (B) Because local governments enjoy the benefits of taxes collected from business and industry. they tend to shy away from pressuring such heavy contributors to recycle. as they tend to shy away from pressuring such heavy contributors to recycle.htm 2006-11-12 . local governments tend to shy away from pressuring business and industry into recycling er ed (A) Local governments enjoy the benefits of taxes collected from business and industry. The contrast signalled by "yet" is unnecessary since "Although" is now at the beginning of the sentence. they tend to shy away from pressure to recycle. enjoying the benefits of taxes collected from business and industry. to recycle") are joined by only a comma. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is unsatisfactory because the conjunction "as" may suggest only that the two conditions exist at the same time." Which of the following is the best phrasing for the underlined portion of sentence 11 (reproduced below)? Perhaps those of us being concerned should encourage debate about what other levels of government can do to solve the problems of waste disposal." 34 In context. from business and industry" and "they tend . not that one causes the other. local governments enjoy . Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is unsatisfactory because the coordinating conjunction "yet" is used incorrectly to join an independent clause ("owners of apartment complexes and other businesses complain") to an introductory dependent clause (“Although recycling can be an effective solution”). local governments enjoy the benefits of taxes collected from (C) business and industry. file://E:\新建文件夹\a7. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is unsatisfactory because the past tense of the verb "complained" is inconsistent with the present tense of the earlier verb "can be. The subordinating conjunction "Because" clearly establishes a cause-effect relationship between the benefits described in the introductory clause and the tendency described in the main clause. . "Local governments.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,20/21 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is unsatisfactory because the coordinating conjunction "and" is used incorrectly to join an independent clause ("owners of apartment complexes and other businesses complain") to an introductory dependent clause (“Although recycling can be an effective solution”). Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is unsatisfactory because the pronoun "they" unnecessarily repeats the subject of the sentence. However. . Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is unsatisfactory because it uses incorrect coordination. . Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is unsatisfactory because the adverb "mostly" is unnecessary and alters the meaning of the original. AND EXPLANATIONS is t In addition to enjoying the benefits of taxes collected from business and (D) industry. . Two complete thoughts ("However. eg (E) Local governments. ANSWERS U 35 nR Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. they tend to shy away from pressuring such heavy contributors to recycle. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is unsatisfactory because the phrase "In addition to" does not suggest a cause-effect relationship.

htm 2006-11-12 ." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is unsatisfactory because the phrase "being among those" is not needed. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is unsatisfactory because. All rights reserved." the verbal phrase "being concerned" is less idiomatic than the dependent clause "who are oncerned." and the entire phrase uses no unnecessary words. being among those who are concerned. nR eg is te r Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is unsatisfactory because the words "those being" are not necessary. after the pronoun "us. The dependent clause "who are concerned" is an appropriate idiom to follow the pronoun "us. (E) we who are those being concerned ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. ed Privacy Policy Back to Score Report Copyright © 2006 The College Board. Terms of Use Contact Us U file://E:\新建文件夹\a7.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,21/21 (A) (as it is now) (B) those of us who are concerned (C) those concerned ones of us (D) we." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is unsatisfactory because it inappropriately separates the pronoun "those" from the prepositional phrase "of us.

the valley during the pioneers' journey would not have been a logical result of their discovering the valley's danger. the sentence would read "Most pioneers skirted this valley on their journey to the West because its rugged terrain and frequent landslide made it a hazardous place for travelers. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. fascinating Section 8 (B) avoided.place for travelers. the sentence would read "Most pioneers flanked this valley on their journey to the West because its rugged terrain and frequent landslides made it a fascinating place for travelers. the sentence would read "Most pioneers avoided this valley on their journey to the West because its rugged terrain and frequent landslides made it a necessary place for travelers. "Flanked" means moved around the side of. and "hazardous" means dangerous." Since the word "because" indicates that the activity in the first part of the sentence is directly affected by the factors mentioned in the second part of the sentence. means unusual. If one were to insert these terms into the text.Practice Test #1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 5 1 Section 6 Most pioneers ------." It is unlikely that settlers would find frequent landslides "fascinating. "Encompassed" means enclosed. . troublesome (E) skirted. .this valley on their journey to the West because its rugged terrain and frequent landslides made it a ------. the sentence would read "Most pioneers enjoyed this valley on their journey to the West because its rugged terrain and frequent landslides made it a troublesome place for travelers. and "curious. ." or surrounding. If one were to insert these terms into the text. choosing to move around the side of the valley would not have been a reasonable expression of this fascination. and "fascinating" means alluring. te re d ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS file://E:\新建文件夹\a8.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/16 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . If one were to insert these terms into the text. . curious (D) enjoyed.htm 2006-11-12 . If one were to insert these terms into the text. necessary Section 9 Section 10 (C) encompassed." and "encompassing. the sentence would read "Most pioneers encompassed this valley on their journey to the West because its rugged terrain and frequent landslides made it a curious place for travelers. and "necessary" means essential." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. . and "troublesome" means difficult. "Avoided" means kept away from. choice (E) makes sense: The pioneers avoided the valley as a direct result of their awareness of its dangerous terrain." and even if they had. "Enjoyed" means took pleasure in. nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. but they would almost certainly not find the place pleasurable. hazardous U Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect." in this context." Although it would have been reasonable for pioneers to avoid the dangerous valley. If one were to insert these terms into the text." Dangerous conditions would certainly make the valley a difficult place for travelers." It is not reasonable to characterize the threat of injury or death as "curious. it makes no sense to say that they avoided it because its hazards made it a "necessary place for travelers. eg is Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. "Skirted" means avoided. (A) Section 7 flanked.

conventional eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. the sentence would read "Ballads often praise popular figures who have performed feats that many perceive as unbelievable." Even though figures might resist "overpowering authority. Since feats such as helping the poor and resisting unjust authority are seen as admirable and therefore are praised by balladeers. If one were to insert these terms into the text." Resisting "legitimate authority" would not be seen as unavoidable. the sentence would read "Ballads often praise popular figures who have performed feats that many perceive as admirable. The second missing term. such as defending the poor or resisting acceptable authority. "Inescapable" means unavoidable. such as defending the poor or resisting unjust authority. unjust (E) unbelievable. (A) modest. used to describe the type of authority that these figures were praised for resisting. overpowering (D) admirable. tolerable ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct." Resisting tolerable authority would hardly be seen as an unbelievable feat and. "Admirable" means deserving approval. The serious purpose of the paper-airplane flying contest. and "legitimate" means approved by law. . nor would performers of such modest feats be likely to become "popular figures" to be praised in a ballad. choice (D) is correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/16 2 Ballads often praise popular figures who have performed feats that many perceive as -------. and "tolerable" means fairly good. . and something that is "overpowering" is characterized by overwhelming intensity. the sentence would read "Ballads often praise popular figures who have performed feats that many perceive as modest. or humble feat. and "unjust" means unfair. unorthodox ." Because the figures mentioned in the first part of the sentence are praised for their "feats. is te r ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a8.htm 2006-11-12 . If one were to insert these terms into the text. such as defending the poor or resisting tolerable authority. . this type of behavior would not be likely to be praised. which attracted many novel and sometimes truly ------. and "acceptable" means adequate. such as defending the poor or resisting ------. If one were to insert these terms into the text. such as defending the poor or resisting legitimate authority. If one were to insert these terms into the text.entries. U 3 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect." or notable deeds. was to determine whether any ------aerodynamic designs could be discovered. the sentence would read "Ballads often praise popular figures who have performed feats that many perceive as inescapable. . the sentence would read "Ballads often praise popular figures who have performed feats that many perceive as insufficient. those performing the feat would not be popular figures. If one were to insert these terms into the text. "Unbelievable" means too improbable for belief. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C ) is incorrect. .authority. legitimate (C) insufficient . "Insufficient" means inadequate. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. if it were." it is not reasonable to suggest that these figures would also perform feats that are considered insufficient and that they would be popular and deserving of praise." Resisting "acceptable authority" would not be viewed as a modest. will have a negative meaning. . "Modest" means humble. acceptable (B) inescapable . therefore. the first missing term will have a positive meaning. such as defending the poor or resisting overpowering authority.

. If one were to insert these terms into the text. Since it is logical that the organizers of the contest hoped to discover a revolutionary design from among the entries that were so new that they seemed bizarre. "Ungainly" means graceless and unwieldly. which attracted many novel and sometimes truly mundane entries. . was to determine whether any predictable aerodynamic designs could be discovered.will attempt to ------.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/16 (B) bizarre. . the sentence would read "The serious purpose of the paper-airplane flying contest. and "imaginative" means creative. . the sentence would read "The serious purpose of the paper-airplane flying contest." or new. . impartial. therefore a contest that attracted graceless entries would not be likely to yield tastefully attractive designs. .her. If one were to insert these terms into the text. and "conventional" means ordinary. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. For these reasons. If one were to insert these terms into the text. "Unorthodox" means extraordinary. revolutionary (C) derivative." It would not make sense for the organizers of the contest to try to discover predictable designs. the sentence would read "The serious purpose of the paper-airplane flying contest. champion (C) gullible. or routine. and makes sense in the first part of the sentence without contradicting the meaning of the second missing word. If one were to insert these terms into the text. U 4 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. was to determine whether any revolutionary aerodynamic designs could be discovered. the contest would not have been likely to yield many imaginative or original designs. since the point of discovery is to find something new. choice (D) does not make sense. imaginative (D) mundane . and "revolutionary" means marked by radical change." The terms "ungainly" and "aesthetic" have opposite meaning. predictable (E) ungainly. which attracted many novel and sometimes truly unorthodox entries. "Mundane" means ordinary. so choice (C) does not make sense. was to determine whether any imaginative aerodynamic designs could be discovered. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. defy (B) doubtful. and "predictable" means easily foreseen. the sentence would read "The serious purpose of the paper-airplane flying contest. "Derivative" means unoriginal. was to determine whether any aesthetic aerodynamic designs could be discovered. "Bizarre" means oddly eccentric. If one were to insert these terms into the text. the sentence would read "The serious purpose of the paper-airplane flying contest." If the entries were based on already established designs. or traditional. believe (D) obstinate . Carson presents her case so strongly and logically that only the prejudiced or the ------. design by choosing from among novel and unconventional entries.htm 2006-11-12 . the organizers could not have expected to find a conventional. which attracted many novel and sometimes truly bizarre entries. and "aesthetic" means tastefully attractive." The structure of the sentence indicates that the correct response is the only pairing where the first missing term parallels the word "novel. ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a8. was to determine whether any conventional aerodynamic designs could be discovered. ordinary. which attracted many novel and sometimes truly ungainly entries. entries are unlikely to be novel." The terms "unorthodox" and "conventional" have opposite meanings. Therefore. aesthetic ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. contradict eg is te r Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. . choice (B) makes sense. which attracted many novel and sometimes truly derivative entries. .

person would not be likely to challenge a strong and logical argument. it would not make sense that someone who is irrational. the word "ossified" makes sense: by ignoring new ideas. or illogical. the anthropologist has allowed his opinions to become rigid and unchanging.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/16 (E) irrational . "Irrational" means not led by reason or logic. the sentence would read "Carson presents her case so strongly and logically that only the prejudiced or the obstinate will attempt to contradict her. digressed (B) proliferated (C) ossified (D) germinated (E) incubated ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. If one were to insert these terms into the text. choice (A) does not make sense. the sentence would read "Carson presents her case so strongly and logically that only the prejudiced or the doubtful will attempt to champion her. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. "Ossified" means became rigidly set. "Doubtful" means undecided or skeptical." Since the colon indicates that the phrases on either side of it have the same meaning. If one were to insert this term into the text." in this context. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. If one were to insert these terms into the text. d file://E:\新建文件夹\a8. because only a stubborn person would attempt to contradict Carson's strong and logical case. U 5 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. If one were to insert these terms into the text. and "to champion" means to support. and "contradict" means to assert the opposite of." The sentence is structured so that the first missing word will be a negative one that parallels "prejudiced. the sentence would read "Carson presents her case so strongly and logically that only the prejudiced or the impartial will attempt to defy her. follow ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. . then her case cannot be described as strong and logical. "Impartial" means fair. AND EXPLANATIONS is te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. would necessarily tend to agree with her." or having a preconceived opinion. and "defy" means to challenge." Since an impartial." If only someone who can be easily fooled is likely to believe Carson's case. and "follow. If one were to insert these terms into the text. "Obstinate" means stubborn. Someone who is doubtful about the strength of Carson's case is not likely to support her. means to agree with or adhere to. and "believe" means to accept as true. the sentence would read "Carson presents her case so strongly and logically that only the prejudiced or the gullible will attempt to believe her. the sentence would read "Over the years the anthropologist's opinions had ossified: he refused to tolerate new ideas and nothing could change his mind. "Gullible" means easily fooled. and the second missing word will be something that someone with the negative characteristic described by the first missing word would attempt to do. If Carson presents her case strongly and logically. Over the years the anthropologist’s opinions had -------: he refused to tolerate new ideas and nothing could change his mind.htm 2006-11-12 . Choice (D) makes sense.

If one were to insert this term into the text. If one were to insert this term into the text. the sentence would read "Over the years the anthropologist's opinions had proliferated: he refused to tolerate new ideas and nothing could change his mind. A "salvo" is a forceful assault." It does not make sense to say that a politician would "attack" her opponent with something meant to soothe." file://E:\新建文件夹\a8. the sentence would read "As the first encore of the political campaign. If one were to insert this term into the text. An "encore" is an additional performance at an audience's request . the senator unleashed a spirited verbal attack on her leading opponent. A "concession" is something yielded or granted.htm 2006-11-12 . "digressed" does not make sense here." Since the colon in this sentence indicates that the missing term should mean the same as mentally rigid and inflexible. 6 As the first ------.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/16 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. the sentence would read "As the first palliative of the political campaign. the senator unleashed a spirited verbal attack on her leading opponent. but the term "proliferated" instead suggests that his opinions rapidly multiplied. the sentence would read "Over the years the anthropologist's opinions had incubated: he refused to tolerate new ideas and nothing could change his mind. the senator unleashed a spirited verbal attack on her leading opponent. If one were to insert this term into the text. the sentence would read "As the first concession of the political campaign. A "palliative" is something that soothes. the senator unleashed a spirited verbal attack on her leading opponent. "Incubated" means formed or considered slowly. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect." It does not make sense to say that a politician attacked her opponent by yielding or granting something to the opponent. "Germinated" means sprouted. "Digressed" means strayed from the subject. the sentence would read "Over the years the anthropologist's opinions had germinated: he refused to tolerate new ideas and nothing could change his mind. the senator unleashed a spirited verbal attack on her leading opponent. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. the sentence would read "Over the years the anthropologists's opinions had digressed: he refused to tolerate new ideas and nothing could change his mind. (A) (B) encore (C) palliative (E) demurral U nR ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct." The colon in this sentence indicates that the missing term should reflect the anthropologist's mental inflexibility.of the political campaign. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. eg AND EXPLANATIONS (D) concession is t salvo er ed Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect." It does not make sense to say that the senator led off a political campaign with an additional performance." "Germination" does not make sense here because the anthropologist "refused to tolerate new ideas. If one were to insert this term into the text. If one were to insert this term into the text." The term "germinated" does not make sense in this context because the anthropologist was not open to new ideas." It makes sense that the senator would launch a verbal "assault" on her opponent at the opening of a political campaign. "Proliferated" means multiplied rapidly. the sentence would read "As the first salvo of the political campaign. If one were to insert this term into the text. If one were to insert this term into the text. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect.

if American men or women meant to have artistic careers. The Endowment has fostered thousands of artistic works—many of which will outlive you and me—but even more important.The Official SAT Online Course Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Passage 1 All governments have honored artists when they are old and saintly and successful and almost dead. U nR eg is te r ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a8. 10 a writer in Iowa. 页码,6/16 The following passages are taken from testimony given before congressional committees about how government funding affects the arts. the 15 Endowment has changed how we think about the arts. a painter in Utah. If one were to insert this term into the text. I never 20 imagined that a person could be a writer. the sentence would read "As the first demurral of the political campaign. but twentyfive years ago Congress decided to boldly and blindly support the arts—support the act of creation Line itself—and to encourage artists who are young and 5 dangerous and unknown and very much alive. no American family can be secure against the danger that one of its children may decide to become an artist. they got on the train to New York. Today. the senator unleashed a spirited verbal attack on her leading opponent. This courageous legislation has changed American life. you can be a violinist in North Carolina. This is a small and lovely revolution that the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) has helped to bring about." This sentence makes no sense because a demurral would not be described as a spirited attack. Forty years ago. Today. never bought books. the author of the second passage is a novelist and critic.htm 2006-11-12 . The author of the first passage is a writer and radio entertainer. I grew up in a family that never attended concerts or museums. A "demurral" is a mild expression of disagreement.

The Official SAT Online Course 页码,7/16 25 30 U 40 Passage 2 45 I love my country’s government for its attempt in a precarious world to sustain a peaceful order in which work can be done and happiness can be pursued. the Endowment had vanished from the credits. In 1974 a grant from the NEA enabled me and my colleagues at a public radio station to start a new radio series. arrived when I was young. funded by the NEA. its job done. in 1969. By the time the show became popular. I wrote every morning and every night. which sent young writers into the schools to read and teach. at crucial times. The first. grants from the Endowment made it possible for me to be a writer. I’d give him an egg salad sandwich. st e re d file://E:\新建文件夹\a8. I was writing for The New Yorker at the time. married with a baby. The Endowment is there at the beginning. when you have big success and have everything you could ever want. I got a letter offering me a job for one month in the Writers in the Schools program in Minneapolis. I often had fantasies of finding a patron— a beggar would appear at my door. But instead. and that’s the beauty of it. living on very little cash and a big vegetable garden. and suddenly he’d turn into a man in a pinstripe suit. broke. and then. When you’re starting out. it seems like nobody wants to give you a dime. people can’t do enough for you.htm 2006-11-12 . not for the good of nR eg i 35 Twice in my life. Prince Bob from a philanthropic foundation. but they weren’t aware of it.

honorable. I would rather chance my personal vision of the truth striking home here and there in the chaos of publication that exists than attempt to filter it through a few sets of official. and public-spirited scrutinizers. How can public-salaried officials not think in terms of U 75 respectability. of Proust and Joyce. I think of Freud and Kafka. This is not a very fastidious ambition. Can we fear that the humanities might become similarly dependent? If I try to think of who in the last century has most brilliantly illuminated our sense of humanity. of Henry James. The realms of scientific research are now inextricably involved with government funding. I wonder how many of these brave.htm nR eg is t er ed 2006-11-12 . stubborn spirits would have wanted subsidies from their governments. of social optimism. of Whitman. of broad and file://E:\新建文件夹\a8. If I were aware of large amounts of federal money available to purveyors of the written word. strange. but in a state that exists for our good. My personal ambition has been simply to live by the work of my pen.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,8/16 50 55 60 65 70 the state. which I take to be the end purpose of the humanities. But I would rather have as my patron a host of anonymous citizens digging into their own pockets for the price of a book or a magazine than a small body of enlightened and responsible people administering public funds. I would attempt to gain access to it and hope to please the administrators of this fund as I hope to please magazine editors and book buyers. I love my government not least for the extent to which it leaves me alone.

not begin to think of guidelines that insidiously edge toward censorship? If government money becomes an increasingly important presence in the financing of the 80 humanities. (B) Artists should not be permitted to undermine the values of their society. Which is a likely response by the author of Passage 2 to the description of artists as “dangerous” (line 5) in Passage 1? Practical concerns rarely prevent artists from speaking out on controversial issues. The author tells about being given two grants that "made it possible for me to be a writer.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,9/16 uncontroversial appeal? How can legislators.htm . not with discussing how art is created. (D) The future of the arts in the United States depends on whether young artists can continue to shock the public. U 8 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect." er ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS ed 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\a8. The author of Passage 1 does not name any renowned artists. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The author is concerned with discussing the effect of funding on artists. is there a danger. ANSWERS eg AND EXPLANATIONS is t Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. The author does not suggest that citizens have a right to arts funding. asked to vote tax money away. the author expresses gratitude for the positive effects of funding. I respectfully ask. (C) Artists will cease taking risks if they come to depend on government money. (E) Experienced artists know better how to excite the public than do young artists. of humanists becoming politicians? 7 The argument in Passage 1 is supported primarily by (A) a theory of how art is created (B) the author’s personal experiences (C) examples of renowned artists (D) evidence of the harmful effects of arts funding (E) emotional appeals to uphold the rights of citizens Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Far from providing evidence of harmful effects of arts funding.

and Utah to (B) support the argument by mentioning how few exceptions there are to it (C) show that opportunities for artistic success are now widely available (D) suggest that legislators should listen to their constituents ANSWERS U 10 nR (A) Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. By indicating that censorship of artists is unacceptable. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. the author of Passage 2 implies that freedom of artistic expression is more important than such values as "respectability" or "broad and uncontroversial appeal. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The author of Passage 2 indicates that dependence on public funding tends to make artists too eager to please "official. There is no evidence that the author of Passage 2 believes art must be shocking in order to be good. Iowa.htm 2006-11-12 . The statement in16-18. being offered government money would make artists less likely to take artistic risks. ." In other words. The author of Passage 2 makes no comparison between the effect on the public of the works of experienced artists and those of young artists. Passage 1 (“Today . Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. not that such creativity is limited to certain places. The author of Passage 1 doesn't discuss the relationship between legislators and their constituents. Passage 1. the author refers to North Carolina. The examples support the author's argument by exemplifying the variety encouraged by government grants. The author uses these examples—states in several parts of the United States—to show that opportunities for artistic success are less limited than they once were. honorable" fund administrators. 9 In lines 10-11. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The author of Passage 1 does not comment on any relationship between arts funding and the democratic form of government. artist”) is best described as an example of an ironic comment eg i (E) offer a parallel between arts funding and democracy AND EXPLANATIONS st er (A) prove that certain environments support creativity better than others ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a8. The author of Passage 2 suggests that being offered large amounts of government money could cause artists to "hope to please the administrators of this fund" who "think in terms of respectability. . They are not presented as exceptions to the argument.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,10/16 Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. The examples point out that many different kinds of places support artistic creativity.

" like the man in the pinstripe suit. The man is described as a character in a fantasy about funding. A "benefactor" is one who gives benefits or gifts.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,11/16 (B) an emotional plea (C) a moral pronouncement (D) a definition of a key concept (E) a generalization supported by research ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. and a "fantasy. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. The man is described as being from a philanthropic foundation. the man is better described as an imagined benefactor in the context of the sentence. Although the likelihood that a family's child might become an artist could be a subject for research. is something imagined. a group that distributes funds. file://E:\新建文件夹\a8. A man from a philanthropic foundation is more likely to distribute funds rather than to serve as a critic. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The tone of the sentence is humorous. the author does not mention any such research. he is not described as a writer." a situation that is unexpected in a particular context. re d Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. rather than pleading or emotional. Passage 1) is U nR eg (A) a fastidious bureaucrat (B) a character in a novel (C) a famous writer (D) an anonymous critic (E) an imagined benefactor ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. is te Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. a government administrator with high standards. 11 The “man in a pinstripe suit” (line 30. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. Although the pinstripe suit could be seen as a stereotype that suggests a fastidious bureaucrat. it is unlikely to be humorous or to include incongruity. A "moral pronouncement" is a formal or authoritative statement about distinctions between right and wrong. An "ironic comment" is one that is humorous because it presents an "incongruity. not in a novel. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. The sentence does not present a definition of any kind.

AND EXPLANATIONS is te re Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. there is no indication that the author of Passage 2 is critical of using humor. Another way of saying this is "Nothing succeeds like success. might inhibit artists by steering them away from controversial projects. Although the author of Passage 1 uses humor more freely in making an argument than does the author of Passage 2. it can be inferred. not with the value artists place on success. ." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Such temptation. (D) Make a virtue of necessity. The author does not suggest that artists should look for the advantages of having no funding. . d Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. (E) Time is money. The sentence indicates that artists who are already successful are likely to continue to be rewarded: being successful leads to more success. file://E:\新建文件夹\a8.htm 2006-11-12 . The sentence does not state or suggest anything about the relationship between money and evil. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The sentence has to do with others' reactions to artists' success. The sentence has nothing to do with the value of artists' time. ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. The author of Passage 2 expresses concern that artists might be tempted to try to please those who provide grants. for you”) suggest that the author of Passage 1 would agree with which of the following observations? (A) Those who never succeed value success most. (B) The love of money is the root of all evil. The author of Passage 2 is not concerned with artists' need but with their tendency to try to please funding administrators. 13 U nR (A) The author of Passage 2 would most likely criticize the author of Passage 1 on the grounds that humor detracts from the seriousness of the issue being discussed (B) public funding is often given to artists who do not need it (C) it is invalid to assume that artists can also be teachers (D) taxes will be too high if the government supports the arts (E) public funding is just as likely to inhibit artists as it is to encourage them ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,12/16 12 Lines 40-43 (“When . (C) Nothing succeeds like success.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. be a "provider" for the author. The context doesn't suggest that deceit is involved in funding in any way. It would take a "large number" of such citizens to support the author. “host” most nearly means (A) large number (B) sustaining organism (C) provider (D) proprietor (E) sponsor ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. Funding that deprives the recipient of independence "undermines autonomy. The author of Passage 2 does not express concern about the effect of funding for the arts on taxes. The question in lines 66-67 suggests that the author of Passage 2 believes that federal funding of scientific research encourages deceit (B) undermines autonomy (C) encourages an unhealthy competitiveness (D) develops a superficial sense of loyalty (E) spends public money under false pretenses ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. AND EXPLANATIONS is te Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. it does not make sense to say that the author's patron is a sponsor of anonymous citizens. The word "host" is used to mean a "large number. The author of Passage 2 does not comment at all on the ability of artists to be teachers. This term does not make sense in the context of the sentence: the author's patron wouldn't be a "proprietor" of anonymous citizens." not an organism. 14 In line 57. re d file://E:\新建文件夹\a8." or weakens one's ability to make one's own decisions. Passage 2. U 15 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. in a sense. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. Although a "host" would. it is clear that the author is speaking of a large number of people. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,13/16 Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. In the context of this sentence.htm 2006-11-12 .

The Official SAT Online Course

页码,14/16

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. Nothing in the passage suggests that a lack of independence fosters competitive behavior.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The context does not concern researchers' feelings of loyalty but their dependence on government funding.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. The author's remarks about scientific research have nothing to do with the possibility of misrepresentation.

16

The author of Passage 2 most likely thinks that the individuals named in lines 70-71 would have
(A)

supported the idea of providing artists with government funding

(B)

avoided writing about controversial topics if doing so brought them more funding

(C) been even more influential if they had received government funding

(D) embraced the romantic image of the starving artist

(E)

refused to submit their creativity to outside control

U

17

nR
(A)

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect Since the context questions whether these individuals would have wanted government funding, it is unlikely that the author would suspect them of avoiding controversy in order to get money.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. There is no indication in Passage 2 that government funding would have made these very influential individuals even more influential.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. The fact that the individuals did not receive government funding does not necessarily mean that they would have thought the image of starvation to be romantic.

The final sentence of Passage 2 serves to

emphasize the moral dilemmas that artists face when selling their work

(B)

indicate why artists are so often in need of finan-cial support

(C) suggest that the public should not have to subsidize the art preferred by bureaucrats

(D) warn of the likelihood of artistic compromise

(E)

link arts funding in the United States with other social programs

ANSWERS

Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. It can be inferred that if humanists became "politicians," that is, if artistic decisions were made on the basis of political considerations, artistic

eg

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. The author questions whether these individuals would want government funding themselves but does not suggest anything about their opinion of government funding for other artists.

AND EXPLANATIONS

is t

er e

Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. Since the author suggests in lines 65-67 that government funding may limit independence, it can be inferred that these individuals would not want to give control of their creativity to anyone.

d

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

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页码,15/16

values would be compromised, or endangered.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. In the passage, no mention has been made of the decisions artists face when selling their work to such people as magazine editors and book buyers.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. The question is about the effects of government financial support, not the reasons why it is needed.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. The question, like the passage, is primarily concerned with the relationship between government funding and artists, not with the involvement of the public.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. There is no mention in the passage of the relationship between funding for the arts and other social programs.

18

(A)

Public funding of the arts increases the danger of censorship.

(B)

Artistic creation should not involve taking financial risks.

(D) Administrators of arts funding have higher artistic standards than the general public.

U

19

nR eg
I.

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. Passage 2 suggests that legislators who make funding decisions might use guidelines that "insidiously edge toward censorship." Passage 1 expresses no concern about any negative effects of funding on artists.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. Neither author presents an opinion about whether artistic creation should be free of financial risk.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is incorrect. The author of Passage 2 is concerned with the effect of government funding on artists' artistic choices, not with the reasons artists appreciate being funded.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Passage 2 doesn't describe the artistic standards that administrators of arts funding have, though the passage does suggest that those standards, whatever they are, may be more conservative than those of the bookbuying public.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Neither author expresses an opinion about the effect of democracy on artistic self-expression.

Which of the following situations would support the position taken in Passage 1 and provide examples contrary to the argument in Passage 2?
A federally sponsored photographer displayed an innovative collection of photographs

is

(E)

Democracy is conducive to artistic self-expression.

te

(C) Artists appreciate financial support more if they earn it after suffering hardships.

re

d

Which of the following is an assumption in Passage 2 that the author of Passage 1 would most likely question?

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that offended both the sponsor and a large segment of the public.

页码,16/16

II.

The most original works of a certain brilliant composer were those commissioned by kings.

III.

A theatrical troupe from Harlem achieved prominence by drawing large audiences from its local community.

(A)

I only

(B)

III only

(C) I and II only

(D) II and III only

(E)

I, II, and III

ANSWERS

AND EXPLANATIONS

Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. In both situation I and situation II, governments support acts of creation; in each case, artistic expression remains unaffected.

U

nR

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is incorrect. Although situations I and II support the position taken in Passage 1 and provide examples contrary to the argument in Passage 2, situation III does not meet these criteria and so it cannot be included in the correct answer.

eg

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is incorrect. Whereas situation II supports the position taken in Passage 1 in favor of arts funding and provides an example contrary to the argument in Passage 2 that funding may inhibit artists, situation III has nothing to do with funding.

is

te

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is incorrect. Since situation III does not have anything to do with government funding, it is irrelevant to the discussions in Passage 1 and Passage 2.

re

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is incorrect. Situation I supports the praise of government funding in Passage 1 and counters the argument in Passage 2 that funding can hinder creativity. However, both situations that meet the criteria must be included in the correct answer.

d

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file://E:\新建文件夹\a8.htm

2006-11-12

what is the total amount in activity fees collected from the students? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Section 8 Section 9 Section 10 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct.Practice Test #1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 5 1 A community college charges an activity fee of per student and has a student Section 6 Section 7 students.htm 2006-11-12 . body of If every student pays the fee. you multiply the number of students by the amount each student pays: ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a9.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/12 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . eg In the figure above. U 2 nR If (A) (B) (C) (D) Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. what is the value of is and te r Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. See the explanation for the correct response (D). Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. To find the total amount of money paid by the students. See the explanation for the correct response (D). See the explanation for the correct response (D). See the explanation for the correct response (D).

of a 6d nail? (D) (E) ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. file://E:\新建文件夹\a9. See the explanation for the correct response (C). and so the length must increase by inch. Since and the measure of Since follows that it follows that is Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 .The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/12 (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS it Explanation for Correct Answer C : is and the measure of Choice (C) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. Comparing the first two entries on the chart. there is a increase in size. you can eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te see that for a re increase in nail size. what would be the length. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (C). U nR (A) (B) (C) Some common nail sizes and their corresponding lengths are shown in the table above. See the explanation for the correct response (C). in inches. To get to the length of a nail from the given length of a nail. This is the value of Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. If nail sizes from 2d up to 10d increase by a constant length for each increase of 1d in size. the length increases by 3 d inch.

See the explanation for the correct response (C). What is the fourth number in the more than sequence? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 5 nR If (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. the first number is times the preceding number. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (C).The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/12 Therefore. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. 4 and each number after the first is In a sequence of numbers. See the explanation for the correct response (C). See the explanation for the correct response (D). you should plug the preceding number of the term is sequence into this expression. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. the length of a nail is inches. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. If the first number in the sequence is The third number is the stated rule. See the explanation for the correct response (D). Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. not the number of the term. This is the fifth number in the sequence. the second number is and the fourth is and is te what is in terms of re 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\a9. eg Explanation for Correct Answer D : then following Choice (D) is correct. See the explanation for the correct response (C).htm d . This is the number you get if you think the fourth However. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. and for the average of but the question asks Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : and Choice (E) is not correct. 6 (A) (B) (D) (E) Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. Thus. See the explanation for the correct response (E). Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. The sum of and for the average of is but the question asks 7 If then file://E:\新建文件夹\a9. See the explanation for the correct response (E). See the explanation for the correct response (E).The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/12 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS can be substituted for Explanation for Correct Answer E : the expression Choice (E) is correct. the average of and U is Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : is the correct value of Choice (A) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (C). Since the average of and is it follows that therefore. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : is the correct value of Choice (D) is not correct. Since This yields in the equation Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (E). and for the average of but the question asks Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . Since the average of eg ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS and is te r is (C) ed it follows that If the average (arithmetic mean) of 5 and and what is the average of is 7 and the average of and is nR therefore.

See the explanation for the correct response (A). and all the angles are right angles. See the explanation for the correct response (A). When result is is multiplied by the Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. The lengths of some of its sides are given. an n-ell is the figure formed by positioning n ells adjacent to each other as shown in the 3 -ell on the right.htm 2006-11-12 . The 3-ell has one side of length Therefore. Because you are subtracting from itself. 8 nR What is the perimeter of the (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. For any positive integer n. the expression in parentheses is equal to zero. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a9. U The figure on the left is called an ell. See the explanation for the correct response (A). Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (A).The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/12 (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. its perimeter is sides of length and eg i -ell? AND EXPLANATIONS sides of length st er Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.

but these are not part of the perimeter of the 3-ell and should not be counted. See the explanation for the correct response (A). Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (A).htm d . Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : times the perimeter of an ell. See the explanation for the correct response (A). but that is is Choice (E) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. that perimeter of the 100-ell is is. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : is the perimeter of the 3-ell plus the lengths of Choice (C) is not correct. 9 -ell is The perimeter of an -ell? perimeter of a (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) and the perimeter of a -ell is What is the U 10 nR eg Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. you count twice the not equal to the perimeter of a 3-ell. they have a common border of length part of the perimeter of the 100-ell. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (A). See the explanation for the correct response (A). The dashed lines are not part of the perimeter and should not be counted. the perimeter is Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. Which of the following graphs best represents the information in the table above? is te ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS re 2006-11-12 file://E:\新建文件夹\a9. When the 80-ell and the 20-ell are put together to form but this border is not the 100-ell. the less than the sum of the two perimeters. Because the length of this border is counted twice in adding the perimeters of the 80-ell and the 20-ell. the dashed line segments inside the 3-ell. In calculating line segments shown as dashed on the 3-ell.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,6/12 Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. Simply adding the perimeter of the 80-ell and the 20-ell will not give the perimeter of the 100-ell because of the excess length of the common border.

the growth. while still positive. According to the data in the table. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. from months. months to from the graph should have a positive slope close to months.htm d 2006-11-12 . From the age of the growth of the snake is very rapid. but from the data in the table. This growth is not constant. so the graph should have a large months to positive slope. however. not only eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te re file://E:\新建文件夹\a9. months to the age of Choice (B) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. has tapered off greatly. Therefore. This graph shows a constant positive growth rate. This graph shows a constant negative growth rate (analogous to a shrinking snake).The Official SAT Online Course 页码,7/12 (A) (B) (C) (D) U nR (E) ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : months. you can see that the growth rate is not constant. The only graph shown with both of these characteristics is graph (B).

it is also positive. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. This graph shows a growth rate that starts out slowly and then speeds up. then grows slowly. is a positive integer. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (E). According to the data in the table. 11 to 1. See the explanation for the correct response (E). Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. just the opposite happens: the growth rate begins very quickly and then slows down. After step one. This graph shows a growth rate that begins very to a negative value. which of the following is a simplified expression for the result? (A) (B) (C) (E) Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. Subtract If the steps above are followed in order. the expression is te ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS re d Multiplying (D) is by two yields the expression and subtracting gives the expression This simplifies to U 12 nR eg If (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. you can see that this is not accurate. which of the following is equivalent to ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct. Add 2. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. From the data in the table. See the explanation for the correct response (E). and eventually begins to shrink. 3. Adding two identical terms is equivalent to multiplying the term by file://E:\新建文件夹\a9. Multiply the sum by from the product. This is quickly and then reverses and turns past analogous to the case where a snake grows quickly.htm 2006-11-12 . See the explanation for the correct response (E).The Official SAT Online Course 页码,8/12 is the growth rate not constant.

Normally. The shopper saves ed per bottle the difference between the two prices. the shopper pays eg i what is the value of ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS per bottle of st er for two vegetable oil. U Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : is the price of the second bottle of vegetable Choice (A) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : is the regular price of a bottle of vegetable Choice (E) is not correct. or of oil. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. oil during the sale. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : is the average price of a bottle of vegetable Choice (C) is not correct. 14 If file://E:\新建文件夹\a9. a shopper pays the regular price for a bottle of vegetable oil for a second bottle. This would be the answer if the expression given were Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 .The Official SAT Online Course 页码,9/12 Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. During the sale. This would be the answer if the expression given were Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. but the question asks for the amount saved per bottle during the sale. This would be the answer if the expression given were Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. If the regular price of the vegetable oil is and pays how much per bottle does the shopper save by buying two bottles at this sale? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. oil. the shopper pays a total of nR bottles of oil. This would be the answer if the expression given were 13 During a one-cent sale. See the explanation for the correct response (B). oil during the sale. which is per bottle of oil.

htm 2006-11-12 . See the explanation for the correct response (E). A right circular cylinder has a base of circumference what is the height? is (A) (B) U nR (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. circumference of the base is ed Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is not correct. not the height. Cross multiply to get to Dividing both sides of this equation by gives Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is not correct. Choice (A) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (E). See the explanation for the correct response (E). The volume of a right circular cylinder is given by the is the height of is the radius of the base and where formula it must have a diameter the cylinder. If the volume of the cylinder the file://E:\新建文件夹\a9. If the area of the base of the cylinder were but the question states that the height of the cylinder would be not the area. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. er Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (E). If the base has a circumference of You can then write the volume equation as and thus a radius of of which simplifies to Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : is the radius of the cylinder. 15 eg i st Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (B).The Official SAT Online Course 页码,10/12 (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS which simplifies Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct.

Privacy Policy Terms of Use Contact Us file://E:\新建文件夹\a9. Back to Score Report Copyright © 2006 The College Board. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : this is not could be Choice (C) is not correct. and the question asks for the least possible value. there are four possible values and for the expression te and and for in the equation gives This simplifies to The least possible value of the U nR Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : this is not the could be Choice (A) is not correct. slope is Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : this is not the could be Choice (B) is not correct. See the explanation for the correct response (D). While the slope of line least possible value of the slope. All rights reserved. While the slope of line the least possible value of the slope. and the question asks for the least possible value. The slope of line or To find values for and you can use the equation of the parabola. which is equal to is Since there are two values for each variable. Notice that since the points d so and lie on the graph of their coordinates can be substituted for and in the equation Substituting for re so and for in the equation gives This simplifies to and further to Substituting for and further to eg To find the least possible value of the slope of line you must compare all four possible values of the slope. While the slope of line least possible value of the slope.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,11/12 Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct.htm 2006-11-12 . the graph of intersects line at and What is the least possible value of the slope of (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS equals Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is not correct. and the question asks for the least possible value. See the explanation for the correct response (B). 16 In the -coordinate plane.

htm ed 2006-11-12 .The Official SAT Online Course 页码,12/12 U nR eg is te r file://E:\新建文件夹\a9.

it is (C) Haleakala which is more than 10. AND EXPLANATIONS is t er e Explanation for Correct Answer C : Choice (C) is correct. the fragile coastlines are endangered by this ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS U 2 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) displays improper coordination. thereby they endanger fragile coastlines Section 8 (B) overbuilt they endanger fragile coastlines as a result Section 9 (C) overbuilt and thereby have endangered fragile coastlines Section 10 (D) overbuilt.000 feet high. d file://E:\新建文件夹\a10. developers have overbuilt. It places one complete thought ("they endanger fragile coastlines as a result") immediately after another ("In their zeal . being (D) Haleakala. eg Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) uses improper coordination. fragile coastlines endangered thereby (E) overbuilt.000 feet high. It joins two complete thoughts ("In their zeal .htm 2006-11-12 . being more than 10.000 feet high.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,1/9 Help | Profile | My Organizer | My Bookmarks | Logout Answers and Explanations Test Sections Back to Score Report Section 1 View Answers and Explanations Online . Haleakala. It avoids the error of the original by providing the verb "is" to complete the predicate of the sentence. . Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) exhibits improper coordination. . more than 10.000 feet high. being more than 10. thereby they endanger fragile coastlines. more than 10.Practice Test #1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 5 1 In their zeal to make beachfront living widely available. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) involves improper coordination. developers have overbuilt" and "thereby they endanger fragile coastlines") with only a comma. is (E) Haleakala.000 feet high. . . developers have overbuilt" and "the fragile coastlines are endangered by this") with only a comma. (A) Section 6 Section 7 overbuilt. Hawaii’s Haleakala. more than 10. It avoids the error of the original by changing the second independent clause to a verb phrase ("have endangered") that is parallel to the earlier verb phrase ("have overbuilt") in the new compound predicate. It uses a semicolon to join unequal sentence parts (a complete thought before the semicolon and a phrase after it). . it is ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. It joins two complete thoughts ("In their zeal . . and the world’s largest dormant volcano.000 feet high and (B) Haleakala. developers have overbuilt") with no conjunction or punctuation between them.

The sentence is grammatically incomplete because it has no main verb. At the time at which temperatures approach absolute zero. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) involves improper coordination.. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is unsatisfactory because it involves the use of an improper idiom. metals become highly conductive. At the time at which temperatures approach (B) When temperatures approach (C) Since temperatures approached (D) At the point temperatures had approached eg i Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. (A) yesterday. "it was her plan. or -459. for which they should give her credit for it (D) yesterday. The clause preceding the semicolon is incomplete because it has no main verb. and she should have received credit for it U 4 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) involves the use of an improper idiom." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) involves the use of a vague pronoun.htm 2006-11-12 ." where it would be more idiomatic to introduce it with "since" or "because. The use of an improper verb form ("being" instead of "is") leaves the sentence grammatically incomplete. It avoids the error of the original by using a colon between the main clauses as is appropriate when the second clause explains the idea in the first clause. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) is unsatisfactory because the word "it" introduces an independent clause ("it is." is introduced by the phrase. "being that. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) involves a lack of clarity.. being that she should have credit for it when it was her plan file://E:\新建文件夹\a10.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,2/9 Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) is a sentence fragment.. since she should receive credit. 3 I do not blame Leslie for her anger yesterday. volcano"). st ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS er e d (B) yesterday. The clause." where it would be more idiomatic to introduce it with "because" or to separate the clauses with a colon.7° F. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) results in a sentence fragment. The opening phrase ("Haleakala. being it was her plan and she should have credit for it. The confusing word order makes the meaning of the sentence unclear. "she should have credit for it. it being her plan (E) yesterday: it was her plan.. It is not clear to whom the pronoun "they" refers. high") now has no verb and is left unattached to the sentence. being it was her plan and she should have credit for it (C) yesterday when it was her plan. The word "being" is used to introduce the clause. and their volume shrinks dramatically.

" where it would be more idiomatic to use a clause introduced by the adverb "When. ." to name the two things participants expect. of outstanding speakers") with no conjunction or punctuation to connect them.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,3/9 (E) While temperatures approaching ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. . Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) involves an improper sequence of verb tenses. It provides a past-tense verb ("approached") instead of the present-tense verb that is needed to match the present-tense verbs in the main clause of the sentence. The verbal phrase "gaining information" is not parallel with the earlier noun "program. "At the time at which. The verbal phrase "being informed" is not parallel with the earlier noun "program." 5 Participants in the executive leadership workshop expect a program of outstanding speakers and gaining information about new approaches to management. It avoids the error of the original by providing the adverb "When" instead of the repetitive adverbial phrase. It places one complete thought ("in addition . It avoids the error of the original by using two parallel nouns. The verbal phrase "being informed" is not parallel with the earlier noun "program. where the adverb "When" would be simpler and clearer." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) involves unnecessary repetition. . Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) involves the use of an improper idiom. "information" and "program. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) is unsatisfactory because it involves an improper sequence of verb tenses.htm 2006-11-12 . gain information") immediately after another ("Participants ." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) does not maintain parallelism. eg is te AND EXPLANATIONS re d file://E:\新建文件夹\a10. The phrase "At the time at which" is used to introduce the subordinate clause. It provides the phrase "While temperatures approaching absolute zero. they expect to gain information ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. (A) and gaining information (B) as well as information (C) as well as being informed U nR (E) (D) and also being informed in addition. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) fails to maintain parallelism." Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) exhibits improper coordination. . The pluperfect verb "had approached" does not match the present tense of the other verbs in the sentence." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) has a flaw in parallelism.

The phrase "innovation has so little room left from it" makes no sense." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) involves the use of a vague pronoun. (A) that it leaves so little room for innovation (B) that they leave so little room for innovation (C) that sufficient room is not left for their innovation (D) that innovation has so little room left from it (E) to leave so little room for innovation ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,4/9 6 One of the unforeseen consequences of the editor’s management style is that it leaves so little room for innovation." 7 U nR (A) For decades. It avoids the error of the original by changing the vague phrase "in Russia" to "those of Russia. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) involves the use of an improper idiom. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) results in an illogical sentence. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : eg is te r AND EXPLANATIONS ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a10. It improperly uses the plural pronoun "they" to refer to the singular phrase "the editor's management style. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) involves the use of a vague pronoun. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) involves the use of a vague modifying phrase. introduced by the relative pronoun "that. including in Russia. There is nothing in the sentence to which the pronoun "their" can logically refer. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) involves noun-pronoun disagreement.. African American music has inspired musicians throughout the world." where the pronoun "those" clearly refers to musicians.htm 2006-11-12 . including in Russia (B) including those of Russia (C) this includes Russia (D) one of which is Russia (E) one example being Russia ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer B : Choice (B) is correct. It appropriately uses a subordinate noun clause." to describe a result of the editor's management style. innovation") where it would be more idiomatic to use a subordinate clause introduced by the relative pronoun "that.. It is not clear whether the phrase "in Russia" refers to inspiration or to musicians. It is not clear what the pronoun "this" refers to. It provides an infinitive phrase ("to leave.

It avoids the error of the original by providing the noun "watches" in place of the vague pronoun "they.. their work in this having been excellent this year (B) competition. ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a10. The linking word "with" illogically indicates that the issuing of watches to military personnel was a part of the improvement in watchmaking technology rather than a result of it. (A) and they were standard equipment for military personnel (B) so it was standard equipment for military personnel to have watches (C) with watches included in the standard equipment for military personnel (D) and watches had become standard equipment for military personnel (E) and for military personnel it was standard equipment ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. 8 By the end of the eighteenth century. It avoids the error of the original by using the specific noun "swimming" to replace a wordy phrase ("work in this") containing a vague pronoun..The Official SAT Online Course 页码,5/9 Choice (D) results in an illogical sentence. It is not clear what the pronoun "it" refers to. for this year they have done excellent work in this (D) competition. watchmaking technology had greatly improved." U 9 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) results in an illogical sentence. and they were standard equipment for military personnel. watches" where it would be more idiomatic to say "watches were standard equipment. "this. they have done excellent work this year in this (C) competition." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) involves wordiness and use of a vague pronoun.htm 2006-11-12 . for their swimming has been excellent this year (E) competition. There is no plural noun in the sentence to which the pronoun "they" can logically refer. There is nothing in the sentence to which the pronoun "which" can logically refer." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) involves the use of an improper idiom. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) is unsatisfactory because it results in an illogical sentence. Nancy and Carlos will represent Central High in the swimming competition. their work in this having been excellent this year. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) involves the use of a vague pronoun. It uses the phrase "it was standard equipment for. In the phrase "work in eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te r Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) involves the use of a vague pronoun. their work as swimmers having been excellent this year ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct. competition. There is nothing in the sentence of which Russia could logically be an example.

te ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS re hospital established in Walthill. than if you eat (B) than to eat (C) as if one eats (D) as eating (E) as it does when eating eg is Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. It is not clear what the pronoun "it" refers to. Nebraska." the meaning of the pronoun "this" is unclear." 10 After 1907.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,6/9 this. The sentence does not make sense because the word "and" makes the hospital appear to have existed before it was established. it was established by Dr. Omaha Indian. . it was established by Dr. an Omaha Indian (B) hospital. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) involves awkward and illogical phrasing. Susan LaFlesche Picotte. an Omaha Indian (C) hospital that has been established by Dr. Susan LaFlesche Picotte. The pronoun "this" could refer either to swimming or to swimming competition.. by Dr." to describe the hospital. Susan LaFlesche Picotte. Two complete thoughts are linked by only a comma. an Omaha Indian d (D) Walthill.htm 2006-11-12 . Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) involves an improper sequence of tenses. The phrase "work as swimmers" can be reduced to one word. established it file://E:\新建文件夹\a10. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) uses an ambiguous pronoun. Dr. an Omaha Indian. Nebraska. Susan LaFlesche Picotte. it was in Walthill. hospital where an Omaha Indian. an Omaha Indian. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) displays improper coordination. Susan LaFlesche Picotte. swimming competition" and "they have done excellent work this year in this") with only a comma. It avoids the error of the original by replacing the clause introduced by "it was" with an appropriate modifying phrase. Nebraska.. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) exhibits wordiness. "established. (A) hospital in Walthill. in Walthill. It joins two complete thoughts ("Nancy and Carlos will represent . The tense of the verb phrase “has been established” does not combine logically with the tense of the verb phrase “could use” earlier in the sentence. Nebraska and established by Dr. Susan LaFlesche Picotte. "swimming. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) involves the use of a vague pronoun. Nebraska (E) U 11 nR (A) Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) involves improper coordination. . residents of the Omaha Reservation could use the hospital in Walthill. Eating food that has a high concentration of fat causes essentially the same reaction in the stomach than if you eat too fast. Nebraska.

" Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) exhibits wordiness. one can encounter hundreds of different rope-jumping games. It avoids the error of the original by making the singular verb "has" agree with its singular subject. This word order fails to make clear exactly what the verbal phrase "having better than a C grade on a single test" modifies. The clause "if one eats" is not parallel with the earlier verbal "eating.” the conjunction “than” is inappropriate because it indicates difference rather than similarity." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) exhibits an error in subject-verb agreement. (A) have passed a single test with a grade better than a C (B) have managed to pass a single test with better than a C grade (C) have passed a single test any better than a grade of C (D) has passed having better than a C grade on a single test (E) has passed a single test with better than a C grade ANSWERS U 13 nR Explanation for Correct Answer E : Choice (E) is correct. d file://E:\新建文件夹\a10. Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) contains an improper idiom. While the plural verb "have" does agree with the interrupting noun "students." it does not agree with its singular subject." it does not agree with its singular subject. The plural verb "have" agrees with the interrupting noun "students." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) contains an error in subject-verb agreement." the conjunction "than" is inappropriate because it indicates difference rather than similarity. After the word "same." but not with with its singular subject. Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) uses an improper idiom. The words "it does when" are not needed. but the second half of the course will be easier." which pairs with the earlier word "same" to create an appropriate idiom indicating similarity. "one. each with its own rules. "one. Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) fails to maintain parallelism. In neighborhoods throughout the United States. After the word “same.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,7/9 ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) has an error in subject-verb agreement." Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) displays loose modification. Even though the plural verb "have" agrees with the interrupting noun "students. "one. It avoids the error of the original by using the word "as.htm 2006-11-12 . "one. eg AND EXPLANATIONS is te re 12 Not one of the students in the advanced chemistry class have passed a single test with a grade better than a C.

The singular pronoun "its" agrees with the earlier singular pronoun "each. The plural pronoun "their" does not agree with the earlier singular pronoun "each. . Even though the plural verb "are" agrees with the interrupting noun "books. "flurry." neither the singular verb "has" nor the singular pronoun "its" agrees with that noun. The plural verb "are" agrees with the interrupting noun "books." and "repairing" is less effective than "repairs. It joins two complete thoughts ("In neighborhoods . . It avoids the error of the original by making the singular verb "is" agree with its singular subject." eg i AND EXPLANATIONS st er ed file://E:\新建文件夹\a10." it does not agree with its singular subject. After the verb "is inspiring. . U nR (A) are inspiring homeowners to do their own repairs (B) are inspiring to homeowners about their own repairs (C) is inspiring homeowners into doing their own repairing (D) is inspiring homeowners to do their own repairs (E) inspiring homeowners to repair their own homes ANSWERS Explanation for Correct Answer D : Choice (D) is correct." Explanation for Incorrect Answer A : Choice (A) has an error in subject-verb agreement. of their own") with only a comma. 14 A flurry of do-it-yourself books on the market today are inspiring homeowners to do their own repairs." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) uses ineffective subordination. rope-jumping games" and " they each .htm 2006-11-12 ." but not with with its singular subject. "flurry.The Official SAT Online Course 页码,8/9 (A) each with its own rules (B) each having their own rules (C) when they each have their own rules (D) which has its own rules (E) they each have rules of their own ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS Explanation for Correct Answer A : Choice (A) is correct." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) contains an error in subject-verb agreement. Explanation for Incorrect Answer D : Choice (D) displays disagreement of subject and verb and also of noun and pronoun." Explanation for Incorrect Answer B : Choice (B) involves a shift in pronoun number." the phrase "into doing" is less effective than "to do. "flurry. Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) uses improper coordination. The conjunction "when" incorrectly suggests that the main relationship between the two clauses is temporal. Although the pronoun "which" refers to the plural noun "games. ." Explanation for Incorrect Answer C : Choice (C) uses inappropriate idioms.

Since the phrase has no verb (only the verbal forms "inspiring" and "to repair").The Official SAT Online Course Explanation for Incorrect Answer E : Choice (E) creates a sentence fragment.com»ñÈ¡ U nR eg i st er file://E:\新建文件夹\a10. Privacy Policy Terms of Use Contact Us SAT¿¼ÊÔ×ÊÁÏ. All rights reserved. 页码,9/9 Back to Score Report Copyright © 2006 The College Board.htm ed 2006-11-12 .tiandaoedu.ÇëµÇ¼http://sat. it does not state a complete thought.

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