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The Study of American Government
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
Type: Ans: Page: Factual B 3 10. a0. b0. c0. d0. e0. 20. Who pays? To what ends? With what means? For how long? Who votes?
The two great questions about politics addressed by your text are, Who governs? and
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Factual B 3
The two great questions about politics addressed by your text are a0. b0. c0. d0. e0. Who votes? and Why? Who governs? and To what ends? Who runs for office? and Who pays? Who is right? and Why? For how long?
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Conceptual A 3
The relationship between the two central questions addressed by your text ”Who gov and To what ends?” can best be described in what way? a0. b0. c0. d0. e0.
They are two distinct questions, but each must be considered with the other in m They are essentially two different versions of the same question. Who governs? deals with the purpose of politics; To what ends? deals with wh political power. They are two separate and distinct questions that should be addressed without reference to each other. They are questions which cannot be separated without considering the very nat politics.
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Factual C 4
Today, the U.S. federal income tax takes an average of what percent of taxpayers' inc a0. b0. c0. d0. e0. 10 15 21 43 45
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Chapter 1: The Study of American Government
Factual D 4
The text argues that political power and political purposes are a0. b0. c0. d0. e0. one and the same thing. frequently at odds with each other. occasionally overlapping concepts. inextricably intertwined. rarely joined in any obvious way.
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Factual E 4
The text argues that political power is inextricably bound with a0. b0. c0. d0. e0. mass media power. economic theories. an elitist attitude. religious and moral values. political purposes.
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Factual D 4
Individuals have power when they are able to a0. b0. c0. d0. e0. get elected to office. be present at behind-the-scenes political meetings. serve their fellow human beings. get others to do what they want. vote without being influenced by outside forces.
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Factual B 4
Power is best defined as the capacity to a0. b0. c0. d0. e0. make and carry out decisions without regard to others. get others to act in accordance with your intentions. persuade others to do what they do not want to do. respect your positions without fully believing them. believe in others while motivating yourself.
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Conceptual A 4
The president's wife gets him to change his position on abortion. Is this an example of political power, according to your text's definition? a0. b0. c0. d0. e0. Yes, because she's gotten the president to act according to her intentions. Yes, because the spouse of a president is a legitimate member of a political elite. No, because the spouse of a president lacks the formal authority to exercise political power. No, because the exercise of political power requires overt action. No, because abortion is not mentioned in the Constitution.
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Factual A 5
100. Your text notes that, over time, more and more issues in this country have tended to become ________ ones. a0. b0. c0. d0. e0. public economic international moral private
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public economic. d0. d0. Constitution. d0. governmental office. e0. If you decided that you wanted to achieve some formal authority in U. b0. U. a0. c0. become well versed in the law. Type: Ans: Page: Factual C 5 150. join a political party. c0. majority vote. c0. c0. d0. b0. The primary source of legitimate political authority in the United States is the a0. e0. concept of civil liberty. e0. pursue elective or appointive office.S. e0. complicated public. slightly greater. b0. d0. e0. c0. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. Formal authority refers to a right to exercise power that is derived from a(n) a0. get a formal education. slightly less. d0. society. e0. social Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual E 5 120. considerably greater. secret social.S. The text notes a tendency for issues that once were ________ to become ________. b0. People who run for office are trying to achieve what kind of authority? a0. respected lasting formal ultimate informal Type: Ans: Page: Factual C 5 160. simple. b0. you be best advised to a0. Compared with the 1950s. join an effective interest group. will of the people. c0. popular consensus. considerably less. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual C 5 140. All rights reserved. about the same. government's involvement in the everyday lives of Americ the 1990s is a0.Chapter 1: The Study of American Government 3 Type: Ans: Page: Factual D 5 110. notion of civil rights. Type: Ans: Page: Factual E 5 130. consensus. official ceremony. Bill of Rights. . political private. b0.
held by an elite only. already waning. d0. how power is accumulated. Type: Ans: Page: Factual E 6 220. the Civil War. elitist. This notion is accepted by many historians. those without property. b0. This notion is vague. who gets what. e0. minors. The texts suggests that. e0. when progress is possible. in the United States. c0. but developing.4 Type: Ans: Page: Chapter 1: The Study of American Government Factual C 5 170. c0. b0. c0. b0. or polis extended the right to vote to everyone except a0. women. Which of the following statements about the U. what constitutes legitimate authority. aristocratic. b0. d0. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. b0. gradually only in recent years after the Supreme Court’s decision in Marbury Type: Ans: Page: Factual A 5 180. and the New Deal as examples of struggles over a0. e0. The author cites the early presidential administrations. b0. d0. beyond debate. e0. Constitution as a source of legitimate authority is true? a0. When did the U. Type: Ans: Page: Factual A 5 200. and how. altruistic.S. no government at any level would be considered legitimate if it were not in some sense a0. All rights reserved. e0. democratic. . This notion is widely accepted today. c0. close to unanimous. Type: Ans: Page: Factual E 5 210. At the time of the Constitutional Convention. c0. when.S. d0. This notion has been accepted since 1787. at the time of the American Revolution when it was written in Philadelphia after 1787. This notion is unanimously recognized. All of these. who shall govern. d0. the view that a democratic government was desirable was a0. d0. far from unanimous. Type: Ans: Page: Factual A 5 190. slaves. e0. humanitarian. The Greek city-state. c0. Constitution become a source of legitimate authority? a0.
Type: Ans: Page: Factual C 6 260. classical democracy. Of the following. Vladimir Lenin. e0. b0. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. c0. the Democratic National Convention. revolution. c0. House of Representatives. . All rights reserved.C. Aristotle's ideal of democracy has been most closely approximated b a0. Aristotle's notion of democracy derived from the era of a0. c0. d0. b0.S. c0. The term democracy was originally associated with a0. the New England town meeting. Jesus Christ. city-states. Aristotle.S. House of Representatives. the U. global superpowers. The term participatory democracy applies most accurately to which of the following societies? a0. New England town meetings are commonly cited as the closest approach in the Unite States to a0. the U.Chapter 1: The Study of American Government 5 Type: Ans: Page: Factual C 6 230. independent tribes. d0. revolting municipalities. Type: Ans: Page: Factual A 6 240. d0. a Cuban village. b0. d0. plutocracy. Greece in the fourth century B. d0. e0. b0. e0. b0. b0. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual E 6 280. the AFL-CIO. the best example of a participatory democracy is a0. the Southeastern United States before the Civil War. Kierkegaard. e0. d0. warring duchies. e0. Sweden or Norway. the Constitutional Convention. anarchy. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual B 6 270. socialism. modern China the United States since 1787 the Soviet Union between 1917 and 1990 the Southeastern United States before the Civil War Type: Ans: Page: Factual B 6 250. e0. In recent times. a New England town meeting. c0. c0. Thomas Jefferson.
Soren Kierkegaard. d0. c0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual B 6 320. consciousness. many more offices are elective. b0. c0. Joseph Stalin. b0. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. b0. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual D 7 330. the "rule of the many. e0. votes. media campaigns." direct democracy. representative democracy. an enlightened public. Democracy in the United States is distinguished from many European democracies by the fact that. e0. in the United States. b0. The arrangement by which individuals gain power through competition for the people's vote is called a0. e0. competitive elections. Karl Marx. the direct participation of citizens in making policy. the government plays a more active role in elections.6 Type: Ans: Page: Chapter 1: The Study of American Government Factual C 6 290. hearts. community control of policy formulation. d0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual A 7 340. Max Weber. participatory democracy. Democracy was defined as the competitive struggle for people's votes by a0. e0. d0. d0. power. Joseph Schumpeter. a0. more campaign money comes from public sources. minds. the direct participation of citizens in holding office. more people participate in the electoral process. The key to the success of a representative democracy is a0. c0. the government frequently changes hands. . c0. reciprocal elections. c0. e0. d0. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual E 6 300. quadrennial elections. b0. Joseph Schumpeter defined democracy as the competitive struggle for people's a0. genuine competition for leadership. d0. e0. democratic centralism. Type: Ans: Page: Factual B 6 310. nonpartisan elections. All rights reserved. c0. Representative democracy allows individuals to gain political power through a0. b0.
elective offices. interest group cooperation.S. the government frequently changes hands. political party centralism. e0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual C 8 370. competitive elections. community control. fewer offices are elective. the government plays a more active role in elections. in the United States. e0. it responds too slowly. b0. d0. c0. Critics of representative democracy have pointed out all of the following except a0. a0. Compared to European democracies. voters.Chapter 1: The Study of American Government 7 Type: Ans: Page: Factual A 7 350. c0. Community control and citizen participation in government programs are variants of type of democracy? a0. e0. d0. d0. b0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual D 8 390. c0. democratic centralism representative democracy "the rule of the many" direct democracy residual democracy Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual D 8 400. c0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual A 7 360. it does not adequately protect basic liberties. guerrilla warfare. b0. direct democracy participatory democracy representative democracy Marxism Socialism Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual E 8 380. more people participate in the electoral process. political activists. more campaign money comes from private sources. party members. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. Variants of direct democracy include programs of citizen participation and a0. A and C. e0. constitution favored a0. The Framers of the U. the United States has a larger number of a0. . e0. it serves special interests. b0. d0. b0. Democracy in the United States is distinguished from many European democracies b fact that. it is unresponsive to majority opinion. d0. d0. e0. b0. c0. All rights reserved. single-issues voters. c0.
c0. c0. c0. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual C 8 440. power. Those who possess a disproportionate share of political power are defined as a0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual B 8 420. b0. e0. participatory politics. d0. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. majoritarian politics. b0. e0.8 Type: Ans: Page: Chapter 1: The Study of American Government Conceptual E 8 410. When the people have such intense feelings about a political issue that leaders feel obligated to follow the popular will. c0. money to spend on a new school. All rights reserved. e0. when a political leader feels sharply constrained by what most people want when an issue is sufficiently important to command the attention of most citizens when an issue is too complicated or technical for most citizens to understand when an issue is sufficiently feasible so that what citizens want done can in fact be done All of these. officeholders. c0. a political elite. d0. intelligence. A political elite consists of individuals who have a disproportionate amount of a0. b0. b0. influence. e0. b0. democracy. e0. majoritarians. symbolic politics. Type: Ans: Page: Factual C 8 450. leaders feel constrained to follow the popular will. d0. reciprocal politics. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual B 8 430. capitalists. elitist politics. This is in keeping with the form of politics known as a0. A city council representative faces an important vote on how much. c0. b0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual A 8 460. demagoguery. The representative relies on a poll of her constituents to make a decision. the major party prevails on an issue. centralists. it is called a0. a political elite comes to power. d0. Majoritarian politics comes into play when a0. fame. public opinion is unified. d0. pluralist politics. majoritarian politics. if any. Aristotelian politics. Under what circumstances would majoritarian politics normally not be effective? a0. d0. media exposure. e0. an absolute majority is required to win an election. .
Sigmund Freud. e0. intelligence. . An identifiable group that possesses a disproportionate share of political power is cal political a0. political savy. b0. b0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual A 8 480. search for national security. exercise in bargaining and compromise. All of these. industrialists and capitalists. c0. interest group. dynamics of Western history. Type: Ans: Page: Factual E 8 510. natural resources. d0. Karl Marx. Which of the following was not an important source of theories explaining political e a0. b0. pressure group. c0. political power. d0. Wright Mills. b0. fate of political institutions. behavior of the U. coup. b0. b0. Marxists claim that. c0. c0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual A 9 500. party. C. Karl Marx. Marx's view of government would dispose one to view an administration's proposal o large military budget as a(n) a0. d0. Wright Mills. threat to world peace. Members of the political elite possess a disproportionate share of a0. money. e0. service to defense corporations. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual C 8 520.S. the two major classes contending for power a a0. city dwellers and farmers. d0. elite. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. behavior of political elites. and Max Weber are cited in the text as theorists who atte to explain the a0. ploy to appease the international community. in modern society. C. d0. fall of Western European capitalists.Chapter 1: The Study of American Government 9 Type: Ans: Page: Factual E 8 470. capitalists and workers. e0. Max Weber. Type: Ans: Page: Factual C 9 490. e0. intelligentsia and bourgeoisie. c0. e0. electorate. e0. All rights reserved. c0. d0. government and proletariat.
In Marxist ideology. workers. Mill. b0. e0. e0.S. Wright Mills expresses his view of power and policy making in his work entitled a0. the bourgeoisie. C. Max Weber. Wright Mills. pluralists. C. The founder of the elitist school in contemporary America was a0. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual A 8 560. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. d0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual E 9 590. d0. Marxists analyze society primarily through the lens of a0.10 Type: Ans: Page: Chapter 1: The Study of American Government Factual E 8 530. farmers. Those who believe that government is little more than a front for major corporate interests would most likely be attracted to the thinking of a0. Max Weber. e0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual A 9 550. e0. capitalists. b0. imperialists. William F. the collective. Joseph Schumpeter. Auguste Comte. functionalists. Society is analyzed as consisting of capitalists and workers in the theories of the a0. bureaucrats. Type: Ans: Page: Factual C 9 580. J. The Inner Circle. Wright Mills. c0. b0. tsarists. c0. All rights reserved. C. c0. class race pluralism bureaucracy institutions Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual C 8 570. c0. intellectuals. e0. the proletariat. Jr. d0. elitists. . Marxists. Buckley. Karl Marx. the term bourgeoisie refers to a0. b0. c0. Ralph Abernathy. The Proletarian Lament. c0. ideologues. d0. d0. b0. b0. e0. Marxists refer to those who own the means of production as a0. b0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual B 8 540. d0.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. b0. d0. c0. the existence of a small power elite. The Power Elite. Wright Mills is viewed as the founder of which school of thought in the twentiethcentury United States? a0. None of these. e0. d0. Wright Mills would be most likely to agree on a0. corporate leaders. b0. . Type: Ans: Page: Factual B 9 650. e0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual C 9 Bureaucracy and its Critics. d0. circular. All rights reserved. b0. the a0. Tocqueville and Dahl. c0. Marxism pluralism elitism structuralism idealism Type: Ans: Page: Factual D 9 610. b0. the diffusion of vital political resources. mass media. top military officials a handful of key political leaders. Wright Mills. e0. inefficient. the spread of socialist ideology. namely. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual C 9 630. b0. 11 600. e0. the centrality of a constitution and laws. The Owners of Production. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual E 9 620. Wright Mills and Karl Marx. Wright Mills suggested the most important policies are set by a0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual E 9 640. military. bureaucracy. material dialecticalism as a starting point to politics. rational. c0. Karl Marx and C. That a comparatively tiny group of individuals holds the greatest political power cou agreed on by both a0. c0. C. d0. e0. C. All of these. C. Max Weber argued that the decision making of a dominant bureaucracy was more lik be a0. b0. Max Weber argued that Karl Marx had neglected the most important institution in mo times. dialectical. c0. media. d0. Dahl and C. d0. e0.Chapter 1: The Study of American Government c0. Karl Marx and Tocqueville. university. Truman and Dahl. d0. c0.
b0. isolationists. b0. elitists. All rights reserved. e0. Political elites are divided. Mills and Dahl. e0.12 Chapter 1: The Study of American Government e0. class warfare is inevitable. coordination duplication irrelevance decentralization reciprocity Type: Ans: Page: Factual E 10 670. e0. d0. economic policies are transparent. c0. Those who emphasize the role in politics of shifting coalitions of groups are referred to as a0. multinational corporations make most political decisions today. structuralists. indefensible. the Marxists and the elitists. isolationists. Political resources are not distributed equally. Marxists. c0. d0. The pluralist view of political reality emphasizes the ________ of political resources. . Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual E 10 690. b0. d0. no extragovernmental elite controls politics. the elitists and Max Weber. e0. Political elites do not respond to the interests of their followers. d0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual D 10 660. c0. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual A 10 680. Max Weber and the pluralists. Policies are the result of a complex pattern of shifting alliances. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. No single elite has a monopoly on political resources. Marxists. elitists. c0. b0. d0. e0. structuralists. c0. pluralists. a0. d0. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual E 10 700. c0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual D 10 710. Max Weber and the pluralists would be most likely to agree that a0. written constitutions are mere symbols. e0. b0. b0. The decentralization of political resources would be emphasized by the a0. That extragovernmental elites do not control politics could be agreed on by both a0. The pluralist view holds all of the following except a0. pluralists. the pluralists and the Marxists.
an organization as a whole acting politically out of considerations broader than members' individual interests.S. inevitable. e0. c0. Americans are fond of explaining their actions in terms of a0. b0. religious commitments. e0. etymological analysis. likely. d0. historical perspective. the subtle ways in which obstructionism can be exercised in Washington. viewed in historical perspective. economic approach. b0. e0. The text argues that a mechanistic view of U. the self-interest of individuals is usually a complete guide to their actions. e0. giv a0. d0. d0. c0. disinterested and spontaneous impulses. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual C 11 760. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual B 10 730. b0. government. philosophical skepticism.S. d0. sociological context. Regarding the role of self-interest in the positions that people take on important issue safest to say that a0. c0. c0. . accurate beyond a reasonable doubt. the manner in which interest groups can impose their viewpoints on large majo Type: Ans: Page: Factual C 11 750. All rights reserved. makes a mechanistic view of politics a0. economic self-interest may be important but is usually not the only guide to pe actions. impossible. government becomes impossible. The text argues that U. self-interest is rarely an important factor in understanding political attitudes an behavior. b0. difficult to accept. organizational self-interest rather than economic self-interest is usually the bes to people's actions. existential perspective. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. The text cites the AFL-CIO's civil rights position in the 1960s as an example of a0. d0. b0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual B 10 740.Chapter 1: The Study of American Government 13 Type: Ans: Page: Factual A 10 720. e0. moral precepts. political preferences can be predicted invariably by knowing an individual's ec or organizational position. According to Tocqueville. self-interest. an innocent bystander caught up in a battle between opposing forces. c0. how economic interests lead directly to policy preferences.
b0. inward and outward movements. b0. c0. d0. Which of the following statements about political power ”who governs” is most accurate? a0. e0. e0. being buffeted about by external forces. honored. history. expansionist and imperialist tendencies. Yankee and cowboy leadership. b0. and prestige. e0. good and bad influences. d0. e0. In the late 1970’s. b0. alternating between outward and inward movements. reformed. loyalty. Your text argues that we must study preferences as well as power in order to understand a0. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual E 12 780. e0. 1790 1890 1920 1945 1985 Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual E 12 800. c0.S. Most power derives from psychological and social factors such as friendship. The key to understanding power is understanding the monetary costs of different political decisions. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual D 14 790. c0. consistently drifting toward imperialism. d0. Political power can usually be inferred by knowing what administrative actions have been taken. fluid in times of economic prosperity. morals. devoid of any pattern whatsoever. deregulated. c0. The average citizen in the United States would have been most likely to look to the federal government to solve social and economic problems in the year a0. d0. b0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual C 12 810. society. many employees of the Civil Aeronautics Board worked hard to have their agency a0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual E 10 820.14 Type: Ans: Page: Chapter 1: The Study of American Government Factual A 12 770. politics. c0. realism and idealism. e0. Political power can usually be inferred by knowing what laws are on the books. Your text argues that the history of U. expanded. The text presents the historical involvement of the United States in foreign affairs as a0. abolished. values. Power cannot be realized without institutional arrangements. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. b0. d0. . c0. d0. All rights reserved. involvement in foreign affairs alternates between a0.
. e0. The text insists that. contingent and controversial. largely irrelevant to the real world. scientific and reliable. e0. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual B 12 840. to infer the distribution of political power from studying the l the books would be a0. too ambitious an undertaking. d0. too simplistic an approach. b0.Chapter 1: The Study of American Government 15 Type: Ans: Page: Factual B 12 830. preferences. the best single approach. laws are made to be broken. All rights reserved. on the basis of general ideological suppositions about modern society. Opinions about what constitutes the dominant political problem of the time Major economic developments Deep-seated beliefs All of these None of these Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. laws may be enacted in a great variety of circumstances. e0. the judicial branch is rarely independent from the legislative branch. only when one takes the time to accumulate sufficient sociological data. c0. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual A 12 850. b0. d0. economics. acceptable if courts were policy makers. c0. weakness. c0. many congressional enactments never get recorded at all. b0. we must also understand a0. Which of the following shape the nature of day-to-day political conflict? a0. if we wish to understand power. According to your text. only after watching them act on a variety of important issues. empirical and authoritative. powerlessness. Type: Ans: Page: Factual D 14 880. b0. Type: Ans: Page: Conceptual E 12 870. couched in economic theories. but not always. Answers given by political scientists to major political questions tend to be a0. Type: Ans: Page: Factual C 12 860. ambiguities. d0. d0. e0. when economic circumstances are properly assessed. b0. e0. c0. b0. c0. more reliably prospectively than retrospectively. The trouble with trying to infer the distribution of political power from examining the on the books is that a0. The text asserts that judgments about institutions and interests can be made a0. e0. d0. d0. workable most of the time. c0. legislative codes may be so obscure as to defy anyone's comprehension.
We can always assume that government policy will favor government officials. The two great questions about politics are. TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS Ans: Page: True 3 910. Most people holding national political office are middle-class. The goals of a particular administration will not be obvious from its party affiliation. c0. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. we can necessarily infer to what ends. the current confrontation between Democrats and Republicans. e0. Who governs? and To what ends? Ans: Page: False 3 920. e0. d0. the study of how children acquire their political attitudes. Ans: Page: False 3 940. c0. b0. Ans: Page: False 4 970. Ans: Page: True 4 980.16 Type: Ans: Page: Chapter 1: The Study of American Government Factual B 14 890. today's parties first came into being. The text argues that we can know who governs without knowing to what ends. the dissection of case studies of recent policy decisions. middle-aged. If we know who governs. equality was institutionalized. the spirit of democracy was established. Government policies do not always favor the people who are in the government. power is distributed in national politics. d0. this country gained its independence. The text concludes that the place to begin exploring how power is conducted in national politics is a0. the political parties. the founding of the national government at the Constitutional Convention. The Constitutional Convention is the logical place to begin to study how a0. All rights reserved. white Protestant males. Ans: Page: Ans: Page: True 4 True 4 950. b0. Who governs? and Who appears to govern? Ans: Page: True 3 930. The two questions that the text intends to ask about politics are. . 960. Type: Ans: Page: Factual D 14 900.
Athenian democracy permitted all who lived in Athens to participate in public decision-making. Power is to be found in all human relationships. 1060. One can have political power even if one does not possess formal authority. Ans: Page: False 5 1040. Power is found in some. Ans: Page: True 5 1030. Political power consists of the ability to use coercive force if you deem it appropriate.Chapter 1: The Study of American Government 17 Ans: Page: True 4 990. Ans: Page: False 6 Ans: Page: False 6 1100. All rights reserved. human relationships. . Ans: Page: False 5 1070. Ans: Page: False 5 1020. None of the Founders was particularly concerned about the government being too democratic. Ans: Page: Ans: Page: False 5 False 5 1050. Athenian democracy permitted all who lived in Athens to participate in public decision-making except property owners. Only those who have formal authority may be said to exercise political power. Political power is the ability to influence who rules and how rulers behave. Ans: Page: True 5 1010. but by no means all. The words "power" and "authority" describe the same concept. Ans: Page: False 5 1000. Aristotle's notions of democracy were based on governments that actually allowed only a small percentage of the populace to participate. 1090. The Founders tried to give the United States a government that was as democratic as possible. Ans: Page: True 6 1080. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company.
Ans: Page: True 6 1140. A modern example of the Aristotelian ideal of the "rule of the many" is a New England town meeting. The writers of the U. The terms participatory democracy and rule of the many are synonymous. Constitution was modeled on Aristotelian notions of democracy. The elitist theory holds that a small group. Ans: Page: False 8 1190. The growth of towns and cities in the United States has helped preserve citizen participatory democracy. Ans: Page: True 6 1120. All rights reserved.S. . cities and towns.18 Ans: Page: Chapter 1: The Study of American Government True 6 1110. Ans: Page: True 7 1180. Ans: Page: False 8 1150. Ans: Page: True 8 1160. Ans: Page: True 6 1210. The elitist theory of democracy holds that leadership groups compete for the electorate's vote. Community control of citizen participation is urged today as a variant of classical democracy. Ans: Page: False 6 1130. atypical of the rest of the population. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. Ans: Page: False 8 1170.S. The terms direct democracy and participatory democracy mean the same thing. Some of the Founders opposed democracy because they thought the people would make bad decisions. Recent programs of community control are modeled on democratic centralism. holds power on most public policy issues. Constitution placed their trust in the collective wisdom of the American people. The U. Ans: Page: False 9 1200. Ans: Page: False 6 1220. Participatory democracy became less feasible with the growth of U.S.
the people are divided into classes on the basis of their relationship to the economy. Far fewer public officials are elected in European democracies than in the United States. 1310. 1340." 1250. 1240. Marx saw the economy and the government as equal determiners of a nation's politics. Wright Mills. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. 1300. Majoritarian politics prevails in only a minority of public issues. All rights reserved. Majoritarian politics prevails on most of the issues most of the time. Constitution believed that the "will of the people was synonymous with the common interest" or the "public good. Wright Mills downplayed the influence of nongovernmental elites in the United States. The term democracy. The Framers of the U. Some of Mills's followers would add members of the mass media and labor unions to the power elite. Marx derived most of his political thought from the psychoanalytic theories of Freud. 1280. .S. In the Marxist tradition. Ans: Page: False 8 Ans: Page: True 6 Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: False 7 True 7 False 8 True 8 True 8 False 8 False 8 True 9 False 9 True 9 1290. as used by the textbook. 1260. More public officials are chosen by election in Europe than in the United States. The Framers embraced representative democracy because they saw it as a way of minimizing the chances that power would be abused either by a tyrannical popular majority or self-serving office holders. 1270. many of the most powerful people in our country are outside the government. 1330. 1320.Chapter 1: The Study of American Government 19 Ans: Page: True 6 1230. C. According to C. means an arrangement for arriving at political decisions in which leaders acquire power by means of a competitive struggle for people's votes. 1350.
1460. Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: True 10 False 10 True 10 False 10 True 10 False 11 True 11 False 12 False 12 1410. Self-interest.20 Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Ans: Page: Chapter 1: The Study of American Government True 9 False 10 False 9 False 10 True 10 1360. Pluralists believe power is equally distributed. 1420. 1480. Labor leaders by definition are not part of the national leadership according to the elitist school of thought. . 1440. the United States has taken an expansionistic approach to foreign affairs. 1430. 1490. Throughout its history. was rarely noted by Americans in explaining their own actions. Alexis de Tocqueville found that Americans explained almost all of their actions as products of self-interest. 1470. 1380. 1370. mechanistic view of politics. 1400. Pluralists believe that power is spread among numerous groups and coalitions of interests. 1450. The 1980s marked a time of retrenchment from the belief that government could solve all of our problems. Alexis de Tocqueville found. All rights reserved. The textbook favors a simple. Max Weber criticized the Marxist position because it assigned exclusive significance to economic power. The pluralist view holds that power is concentrated in the hands of a few corporations and their top executives. If we know the motives of the person who produced a particular policy." Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. The text proceeds on the assumption that politics is about "who gets what. The motives of those who make laws do not always determine whether the laws are good or bad. 1390. Pluralists believe political elites are divided and are influenced by the interests of their followers. we can judge whether it is good or bad.
The enactment of a consumer protection law does not necessarily mean that consumers are powerful. is not simply about "who gets what. Differentiate between power in general and political power. popular views elected officials should represent.0 Answer a0. Answer a0. . Distinguish between the concepts of power. not mirror. b0. All rights reserved. Page: 5 1560. b0. and compare these with how political power is exercised in U. with examples. which is used to describe U. Legitimacy: accepting a law or constitution as a source of right.0 Answer a0. b0. and legitimacy. c0." 1510.S. Political power: power exercised by determining who will hold government office or how government will behave. majority sentiments Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. government. government. school. what's best for the country. Political scientists are primarily interested in how people's preferences for various goods and services are satisfied. List and explain the two concepts of democracy discussed in Chapter 1. Discuss the reasons for the Framers favoring representative democracy over direct democracy. and identify. that is.Chapter 1: The Study of American Government 21 Ans: Page: Ans: Page: True 12 True 12 1500. Give examples of the exercise of power in institutions familiar to you (family. workplace).S. Power: the ability of one person to get another person to act in accordance with the first person's intentions. politics is best considered from the perspective of how people define the public interest. government should mediate. Ans: Page: Ans: Page: False 12 True 14 SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS 1540. government Page: 6 1570. According to the text. 1530. 1520. Authority: the right to use power. Power: inducing another to act in accordance with your wishes.S. Aristotle's "rule of the many" Representative democracy. authority. b0. which one of these concepts is used to describe U. not register. according to the text. Page: 4 1550. Answer a0. Politics.
b0. military. citizens did not have the time. Representative democracy is a political system in which political0 power is conferred on those selected by the voters in competitive0 elections. e0. The text concludes that politics is about the "public interest. and so on Page: 9 ESSAY QUESTIONS 1590. corporate heads and military officers. Representative democracy allows public officials to make policies 0on behalf of citizens. and expertise to make reasonable choices among competing policy decisions even highly educated people could be manipulated by demagogic leaders who play on their fears and prejudices minimized chances that power would be abused either by a tyrannical popular majority or by selfserving office holders Page: 6 1580. Answer a0. The power elite theory places political power in the hands of two0 nonelectoral groups. b0. Weber's bureaucratic theory places political power in the hands of0 appointed officials. does any of the four theories of elitist politics “if valid in the context of the United States” allow for the possibility of representative democracy in this country? Answer a0." Consider the three forms of democracy (centralism. not elected ones. b0. Aristotelian democracy is based on direct citizen participation in0 formulating public policy. d0. Given the definition of representative democracy. usually without their participation in decision-making. d0. Democratic centralism aspires to serve the "true interests" of the0 people. Marxism: capitalists versus workers. c0. and representative) and discuss which form is best able to achieve the goal of politics promoting the public interest. Marxism places political power in the hands of the owners of the0 means of production. e0. with the officials answerable for their 0decisions in elections. . interest. Answer a0.22 Chapter 1: The Study of American Government c0. f0. relation to economy Power elite: corporate." not just "who gets what. List and explain the four major variants of elitist political theory described in the text. many of whom are not elected. not elected representatives. d0. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. information. c0. Page: 9 1600. compromise. political leaders Bureaucracies: expertise and specialization Pluralism: scattering of resources. None of the four theories of elite rule would allow for0 representative democracy. All rights reserved. c0.The pluralist theory places political power in the arena of0 bargaining among elites. Aristotelian.
Page: 6 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Aristotelianism is impractical and the0 people can make unwise decisions. representative democracy requires0 genuine electoral competition to be responsive. but officials are sometimes0 reluctant to act in the public interest if a policy is unpopular. Centralism promotes the public interest most effectively but cannot0 accurately ascertain what that interest is. f0. 23 Each version of democracy has flaws: centralism can degenerate into0 authoritarian control.Representative democracy has a built-in mechanism for ascertaining0 the public's desires in elections. e0.Chapter 1: The Study of American Government d0. .
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