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INTRODUCTION There are many dangerous chemicals in our surroundings; most of them can be located inside our own homes. Almost every household would contain cleaning liquids like liquid detergent, mildew removers, insecticides and many other harmful chemicals; that is the reason why we decided to focus this investigatory project on creating an eco- friendly cleaning solution. The problem of the modern world is that we have created far too much hazardous chemical since it does the daily chores, like that of scrubbing the floor, in a faster and easier pace, unknowing that this can harm the ozone layer. Our investigatory project aims to create an environment- friendly cleaning solution using citrus peelings and some of its extracts. With this investigation, we hope to find the answer to our problem; “Can we be able to create an environment- friendly cleaning solution from fruit peelings?” Hopefully, it is possible and we can be able to help be a factor of the movement against pollution.
Based on our research, cleaning solutions our often hazardous as well as corrosive, with this experiment, the group will be finding an alternative from cleaning solutions that contain ammonium, hydrogen bifluoride, hydrofluoric acid, and substances of the like. As an alternative, we will be creating a solution made out of common materials that can be usually found in the kitchen. Citrus peelings such as lemons and oranges contain an acid that can fight of germs and odors, Baking soda and vinegar are the ones that eliminate bacteria and that of the like. With these ingredients combined, we can create a successful cleaning solution that is beneficial to both man and
II. III. we can be able to reproduce the solution so that it could be a product that more people can use. IV. the environment of our world is getting worse and . Hopefully. The problem that we are trying to solve is being able to successfully create the cleaning solution we are looking for. HYPOTHESIS: POSITIVE: If the best out of the three kinds of cleaning solution will be chosen and be made using improvised yet organic materials then an ecological friendly solution acting to clean all types of furniture will be produced. NEGATIVE: If the best out of the three kinds of cleaning solution will not be chosen and will not be made using improvised yet organic materials then an ecological friendly solution acting to clean all types of furniture will not be produced. PROBLEM With the different hazardous chemicals found within the premises of everyone’s homes. using the peelings of citrus fruits. the nature of this study is to be able to create a replacement for these chemicals and to successfully produce it. and being able to compare which among the three is the best cleaning solution.its planet. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: In our time now.
. calamansi and orange. V. The group believes that the product can accomplish so much as well as being able to contribute to the preservation of our planet. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE The first stain remover was plain water. more dangerous chemicals. which contains so much toxic. Improvisations can be made causing us much lesser time accompanying it with the best results for all of us and for the world. cleaning solutions contain a number of substances such as ammonium hydrogen bifluoride and hydrofluoric acid that can be corrosive and a hazard not only to humans but also to the environment. is used everyday by a lot of people then a large amount of gasses and wastes from it can pollute the environment and its atmosphere. If the type of solution for cleaning. which is continuing to be thinner and thinner.worse most especially our ozone layer. a better cleaning solution will be created using much cheaper and more effective materials such as the peelings of citrus fruits namely lemon. A cleaning solution was chosen since this is a product that is widely and often used everywhere. People found it as an easy way to wash away mud at a stream or a river. most especially its environment. One of the causes of this tragic reality is some of the chemicals and substances used in solution products for cleaning and the like. So the main goal of the group is to improve the original cleaning solution containing the said substances and other. Based on the researches of the group. With this investigatory project.
German scientists developed a method of making cleaning agents without plant oil or animal fat. This is harsher than soap (that produced from fat and oil). with the invention of a process of making soda ash from common salt by a French scientist Nicholas Leblanc. Japanese. Romans. The soaps were used for bathing and laundry purposes. This chemically synthesized material is called detergent. . when the availability of fat and oils was scarce. They also knew the technique of adding perfumes to the soap for fragrance. Greek and Chinese cultures of the ancient times paid attention to cleanliness and used different materials for cleaning purposes. Spain and France were the leaders in soap making. The cost and time for making soda ash became lower. Large scale soap manufacturing began in 1791. Egyptian. The nut yielded a soap-like material. This happened in 1916. Soap making started in Europe in the seventh century. Italy. The 4500-5000 year old remains also have detailed description of making such materials. They used animal fat and plant oils to make soap. Soap like materials were evacuated from ancient Babylonian remains. Chinese used the fruit of soap-nut tree (Sapindus Mukorossi) for cleaning soft silk clothes. which thoroughly cleans the silk and is soft on the fabric. It is however not clear whether they used the fat and ash mixed material for cleaning purposes.The history of cleaning agents runs back to ancient Babylonian culture. Several advancements came to Leblanc method of soap. Soap making in Europe was mostly a family tradition and people kept the technique of soap making a secret.
SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS: In the project. There is however different environmental problems associated with use of enzymes in detergents. ease of use and lower production costs. the group plans to make a cleaning solution that will both benefit the people of the world plus the environment using only the juice of citrus fruits coming from its peelings as its main ingredient. calamansi/Philippine lemon and orange. Later researches on cleaning products were concentrated on safety of the users and environment. The specific fruits that will be used for this investigation are lemon. Further researches produced higher quality detergents at lower costs. If the planned materials are not available then similar requirements or ingredients can be used as a substitute. Detergents and soaps are available as cakes. powder and in liquid form. Detergents eventually went on to surpass soap as the preferred cleaning agent. Other materials of the same kind will also be used. Both baking soda and vinegar will be the substance used as the substance to kill and repel the bacteria. .Utilization of enzymes for detergent manufacturing was a breakthrough in detergent manufacturing. VI. Detergents that mix well in saline water are also readily available in the market. A no enzyme content detergents too are available today. but the biggest thrust is on enzyme added detergents.
most importantly. VII. Other developments can be done by the future researchers that will maybe engage with experiments that our like the group’s experiment. And at the same time. it is . Furthermore. The group believes that more research and studying pertaining about this can make this project even more useful and effectual. the group will only compare and get the best cleaning solution that will be created using natural ingredients and the product made must be both eco-friendly and ensures protection when using it. is that it can be safe for every individual who will use this in the future and will avoid further damage to the atmosphere causing less greenhouse gasses. surpassing the original solutions built for cleaning with a much efficient use that can contribute and help so much in a simple way.Hydrofluoric acid is a solution of hydrogen fluoride in water. The things said are the only one that the group will do. A successful result is expected at the end of the experiment. While it is extremely corrosive and difficult to handle.Three cleaning solutions will be produced to determine which among the three is to be the best mixture that can easily kill germs and bacteria quickly. DEFINITION OF TERMS • Hydrofluoric Acid . These are the main attainments that must be achieved and be focused when producing the solutions.
METHODOLOGY Item Quantity Purpose . but most frequently the concept is limited to homogeneous solutions. VII. • Ammonia .It is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3. This can apply to any sort of chemical mixture. and most other synthetic materials that contain fluorine. being the precursor to numerous pharmaceuticals such as fluoxetine (Prozac). This colourless salt is a glass-etchant and an intermediate in a once-contemplated route to hydrofluoric acid. diverse polymers such as polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon). Hydrogen fluoride. • Concentration . is a valued source of fluorine. It is produced from ammonia and hydrogen fluoride.Ammonium hydrogen fluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula NH4HF2. where it refers to the amount of solute in the solvent.technically a weak acid. often in the aqueous form as hydrofluoric acid. It is normally encountered as a gas with a characteristic pungent odor.the measure of how much of a given substance there is mixed with another substance. • Ammonium bifluoride .
to see if it is an effective ingredient of a cleaning solution .Spray Bottles 3 Container for the three solutions To be added to one of Juices extracted from orange unknown the solutions. to see if it is an effective ingredient of a cleaning solution To be added to one of Juices extracted from lemon unknown the solutions. to see if it is an effective ingredient of a cleaning solution To be added to one of Juices extracted from unknown calamansi the solutions.
and can germs and an it excellent ecologically- friendly alternative to chemical substances Water Equal with the vinegar Lowers concentration solutions It is a mild and of the the abrasive Baking Soda 1 bottle cleaning agent that can clean up the greasy mess on stove tops. It also neutralizes odors in the kitchen. White Vinegar 1 bottle molds provide and the bacteria.Kills viruses. . countertops and sinks.