Name: ___________________

Combat Hapkido Manual

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History of Hapkido As with most martial arts, the history of Hapkido, is shrouded in mystery and controversy. Lack of original records, hearsay, anecdotes, politics, egos, and ravages of time all but ensure sketchy and biased accounts of the origin of this martial art. Over the past 2000 years the Korean people have developed several fighting systems and martial disciplines, which have evolved into modern TaeKwonDo, Tang Soo Do, Hapkido, Kook Sook, Hwa Rang Do and others. Hundreds of years of trade, war, occupation and exchange between Korea and its neighbors, China and Japan, has resulted in “crosspollination”, mutual influence and blending of styles and techniques. It is now virtually impossible to state with certainty which techniques are truly Korean, Chinese or Japanese in origin. Hapkido was founded by Choi Yong Sool (1904-1986). Reportedly he developed the system by combining native Korean fighting methods with Japanese Daito Ryu Aiki-Ju Jitsu. Choi had learned that system from its Headmaster Sokaku Takeda while living in Japan from 1915-1945. After his return to Korea, Choi started teaching Self Defense (Yawara) in TaeGue City. He initially called his system Yu Kwon Sool. One of Choi‟s senior students, Ji Han-Jae, claims to have been the first to introduce the name “Hapkido” in Seoul in 1957. However, this is strongly disputed by Choi‟s first student and mentor, Prof. Suh Bok Sup, who claims that he and Choi were
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already using the word “Hapkido” when they opened their first dojang (school) in 1951. Some “traditional” instructors claim that Hapkido contains over 3600 techniques, including as many as 120 different kicks. However, Prof. Suh Bok Sup, who was Choi‟s first and employer, disputes this and asserts that the original Hapkido system as taught by Choi was comprised of only 100 self defense techniques. Nowadays there are many styles of Hapkido as well as over a dozen associations / governing bodies. Some styles have produced forms (Hyung) and require them for advancement; others emphasize high kicking (including jumping and flying kicks); still others, heavily influenced by Judo and Aikido, emphasize throwing skills. The word Hapkido is made up of three distinct words. As you will see, each word has a few different meanings. HAP, which means to coordinate, to combine, to unite, to join; KI, which means internal power, dynamic energy, life force; and DO, which means the way, the system, the method.

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Universal Theories of Hapkido The three universal theories of Hapkido are:  The Water Principle (Yu), which teaches the student to penetrate the defenses of the attacker by “flowing” in, over, around or under.  The Circular Motion Principle (Won), which teaches the student how to gain and impart momentum by moving in a circular manner. By redirecting the attack in a circular direction the student controls the balance and the kinetic energy of the attacker.  The Non-resistance (or Harmony) Principle (Hwa), which teaches the student to remain relaxed, flexible (not tense) and not to meet force with force.

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The Founder of Combat Hapkido Grandmaster John Pellegrini is the Founder and President of the International Combat Hapkido Federation. With over 35 years of Martial Arts study and research in Europe, the U.S. and Asia, he is recognized as one of the foremost experts and leading authority on Self Defense. His superior teaching skills and technical knowledge have earned him the highest reputation worldwide.

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Combat Hapkido In 1990 Grandmaster Pellegrini officially named his style of Hapkido, “Combat Hapkido” (Chon-Tu Kwan Hapkido in Korean). The name clearly identifies it and sets it apart from other so called “traditional” styles of Hapkido. It is also referred to as the “Science of Self-Defense”. Combat Hapkido is an extremely realistic and versatile discipline of self protection that includes and extensive variety of joint locks, kicks, strikes, take downs, pressure points, grappling, and disarming techniques. The result is a comprehensive Self Defense system enjoyable to learn, safe to practice and most of all, totally effective. Combat Hapkido‟s dynamic concepts are based on scientific principles of anatomy and biomechanics as well as psychology and strategy. It is well suited for men and women of all ages and sizes because physical strength and athletic abilities are not essential. The emphasis is on redirecting the assailants‟ aggression and power back toward them with little effort and minimum force on your part.

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Combat Hapkido Accreditation Grandmaster Pellegrini first received unofficial approval for Combat Hapkido by Grandmaster In Sun Seo while training with him in Pusan, Korea in 1993. After six years of monitoring and supervision, Grandmaster In Sun Seo granted Combat Hapkido official recognition and “Kwan” accreditation in March of 1999. This unprecedented act established Combat Hapkido as a legitimate style of Hapkido, registered with the World KiDo Federation and recognized by the Korean Government. The official Korean name for the system is “Chon-Tu Kwan Hapkido”. The ceremony of official recognition was held in Boca Raton, Florida on March 27th of 1999. Grandmaster Pellegrini was presented with the official certificate of approval by the World Ki-Do Federation / Korea Ki-Do Association.

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The ICHF Logo The ICHF logo reflects the philosophy of the ICHF by bringing together the rich heritage of the Orient with that of Western civilization.  The red and blue symbol (commonly referred to as the Ying / Yang) is the Korean Taeguek (Um / Yang) and it represents the foundation of Oriental thought, wisdom and philosophy. In the ICHF logo it acknowledges our roots and connection to Korean martial arts.  For many centuries, in Western culture, the lion has been used as a majestic symbol of strength, courage, freedom and leadership. These attributes are at the core of everything the ICHF embodies and represents.  The Oriental symbol at the bottom of the logo is the Korean character for “Ki” which symbolizes “life energy”, an indispensable element for understanding Hapkido.

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School Etiquette
General  Respect yourself and others at all times.  Ensure the safety of yourself and others at all times.  The instructor should be referred to as “Sir”, “Ma‟am”, “Mr…..”, or “Ms. ….”.  Do not bring food, drinks or gum into the training area.  Keep yourself and your uniform well groomed.  Remember you are here to learn and not to glorify your own ego. Before Class  No shoes on the mat, store shoes and bags in the cubical.  Remove watches, necklaces, large earring and similar jewelry prior to class.  Be on time for class, if you arrive late perform push-ups and then join class in the last row.  Be dressed in your complete uniform, if you are missing a part of your uniform perform push-ups and then join class in the last row. During Class  When lining up, the most senior student will line up facing the instructor and to the instructor‟s left; all others will fill in according to rank.  Class begins and ends with a bow to the instructor. Some westerners associate bowing as a form of worshipping; however, bowing is simply a form of showing courtesy or respect. It has no religious significance.  Keep talking to a minimum during class.

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Black Belt Principles Courtesy: it‟s using words like please and thank you. Integrity: being honest at school and at home, it‟s how you act when you think no one is watching, what you say and do are the same. Self-Control: thinking before you act. Perseverance: finishing something once you have started, refusing to quit when the going gets rough. Indomitable Spirit: showing no fear in the face of trouble, it‟s knowing in life there are some risks that must be taken and having the courage to take them.

Code of Conduct Respect each other, Help each other, Be honest, and Always stand by the weak.

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Testing & Promotions In order to test the student must have each of the belt requirements checked and initialed by the instructor prior to the testing date. The student must also complete a testing application and submit their fee at least one week prior to the test. During testing/promotion it is encouraged that the student invites his/her family members and friends.

How long does it take to earn my belt?
Promotions / Time In Grade The following are only approximations. Some may progress faster and some may take longer at each belt level. 10th 9th 8th 7th 6th 5th 4th 3rd 2nd 1st 1st Belt Level Gup…..White Belt Gup…..Yellow Belt Gup…..Orange Belt Gup…..Green Belt Gup…..Purple Belt Gup…..Blue Belt Gup…..Brown Belt Gup…..Red Belt Gup…..Red/Black Belt Gup…..Black / White Belt Dan/Poomse…Black Belt Time In Grade 1 Month 10-15 classes 1 Month 10-15 classes 2 Months 20-30 classes 2 Months 20-30 classes 4 Months 40-60 classes 4 Months 40-60 classes 5 Months 50-75 classes 5 Months 50-75 classes 6 Months 60-90 classes 6 Months 60-90 classes 1 Year 120-180 classes

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Yellow Belt (9th Gup) Requirements
School Knowledge ____ School Tenets ____ Code of Conduct ____ Basic School Etiquette ____ Properly tie belt Stances ____ Fighting Breakfalls/Tumbling ____ #1 Backward breakfall ____ #2 Side breakfall ____ #3 Forward roll Hand Strikes ____ #1 Vertical (jab/cross) ____ #2 Hammer fist (Horizontal/Vertical) ____ #3 Backfist Kicks ____ #1 Front Kick (Front/Back Leg) ____ #2 Side Kick (Front/Back Leg) ____ #3 Back ____ Kicking Concept: Snap & Thrust Soft Blocks (Deflections) ____ Inside (same side / cross side) ____ Outside (same side / cross side) Breakaways ____ #1 – Open hand „live hand‟, lower CoG, push forearm forward, twist hand palm down, twist whole body inward and back.

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____ #2 – Live hand, lower CoG, rotate hand around attacker‟s forearms with your thumb on the outside of attacker‟s forearm, push palm in and across to secure break away. ____ #3 – Live hand, knife hand strike to radial nerve, and thrust trapped hand backward. ____ #4 – Live hand, rotate your palm down, free hand hammer fist into the back of attacker‟s wrist, and thrust trapped hand backward. Self-Defenses ____ Same Side Wrist Grab #1 – Live hand, distraction, rotate palm up with elbow close to the body, free hand reaches under attacker‟s hand and grasp the outside of the thumb, trapped hand comes out and grasps the pinky side of attacker‟s hand and torque to the outside, pressure to the ground, extend attacker‟s on ground and place knee on attacker‟s triceps. ____ Same Side Wrist Grab #2 – Live hand, distraction, rotate palm up with elbow close to the body, free hand tiger-mouths attacker‟s wrist, trapped hand rotates out and applies pressure to back side of attacker‟s palm, direct over attacker‟s shoulder and take to ground (trip attacker with inside foot if needed)

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Orange Belt (8th Gup) Requirements
Breakfalls/Tumbling ____ #4 Forward break fall ____ #5 Backward roll ____ #6 Dive ____ #7 Rolling escape Hand Strikes ____ #4 Uppercut ____ #5 Hook Kicks ____ #4 Roundhouse ____ #5 Inside crescent ____ #6 Outside crescent Breakaways ____ #5 – Live hand, distraction, step across with the cross foot, hammer fist strike to the radial nerve, spin into the attacker and perform a rear elbow strike with the previously trapped hand, hammer fist to face. ____ #6 – Live hand, distraction, step toe to toe with the same side foot, push elbow above the attacker‟s elbow with the trapped hand, thrust hand down and away from attacker, come back with a rear elbow strike. ____ #7 – Live hand, distraction, step toe to toe with the same side foot, push elbow to elbow with the trapped hand, turn palm down, push arm out horizontally, back fist to face. ____ #8 – Live hand, distraction, step toe to toe with the same side foot, push elbow below the attacker‟s elbow with the trapped hand, pull arm out high, elbow strike to head or knife hand to throat. ____ #9 – Live hand, pointed finger towards attacker‟s face, step behind the attacker‟s foot with the same side foot, push knife hand across attacker‟s face and twist backward taking the attacker to the ground.

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Same Side Wrist Grabs ____ #3 – Live hand, distraction, rotate palm up and grasp attacker‟s hand with both hand, rotating attacker‟s palm to the outside, shoot attacker‟s elbow into his body and then pull arm back out forcefully. ____ #4 – Live hand, distraction, rotate hand to the outside, cross hand grasps the back of attacker‟s palm, pressure down on the attacker‟s thumb with the trapped hand and then apply pressure to the triceps tendon, and pressure down into an arm bar. ____ #5 – Live hand, distraction, rotate to the outside, trapped hand tiger mouths attacker‟s wrist, cross hand covers the back of attacker‟s palm and pressure fingers towards the elbow. Cross Wrist Grabs ____ #1 – Live hand, distraction, rotate to the outside and re-grasp attacker‟s forearm, free hand applies pressure to the triceps tendon and take to the ground. ____ #2 – Live hand, distraction, counter-grab on the inside of attacker‟s forearm, free hand grasps back of attacker‟s wrist, step in placing your same side shoulder under the attacker‟s elbow, break elbow over your shoulder, continue rotating under the arm and chicken wing to the ground. ____ #3 – Live hand, counter-grab, step in with same side foot, free hand shots a knife hand cross attacker‟s face as the trapped hand pulls out, free hand comes around and under the attacker‟s arm and into an elbow lock pulling the attacker‟s wrist toward your body.

Cane ____ Jab (tip & hook) ____ Block (high & low) ____ Cane Set #1  high block, front kick, tip jab to face  turn 90 left, low block, hook jab  turn 90 left, high block, front kick, tip jab to face  turn 90 left, low block, hook jab  turn 90 left, criss-cross and chamber
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Green Belt (7th Gup) Requirements
Hand Strikes ____ Palm Heel ____ Tiger Mouth Kicks ____ Slap ____ Scoop Breakaways ____ #10 – Live hand, same side foot steps in, trapped side elbow raises and strikes to the face. ____ #11 – Live hand, same side foot steps in, angle fingers upward, raising elbow strike into the solar plexus, downward elbow strike to the clavicle. ____ #12 – Live hand, angle fingers towards attacker‟s face, keep elbow in, thrust hand outward and tiger mouth to attacker‟s throat. ____ #13 – Live hand, same side foot steps to the outside, turn hip-to-hip, elbowto-elbow, rotate to the outside and pull trapped arm out horizontally, elbow strike to the spine. ____ #14 – Live hand and raise hand a little, step across and under the arm, as arm come free knife hand strike to the body, grasp shoulders from behind and scoop kick to the back of knee and bring to the ground. Same Side Wrist Grabs ____ #6 – Distraction, same side hand tiger mouths attacker‟s wrist, opposite hand covers the back of the attacker‟s palm, rotate over, same side hand releases and reaches behind and around attacker‟s head and grasps the chin, torque the chin out and pull in as the other hand keeps pressure on the attacker‟s wrist and pushes in. ____ #7 – Distraction, same side hand rotates to the outside and counter-grabs, opposite side hand attacks the triceps tendon and pressures down.

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____ #8 – Distraction, same side hand rotates the palm toward your face, the opposite side hand reaches across and grasps the posterior side of the wrist, trapped arm pressures down into the fingers and thrust toward the attacker. ____ #9 – Distraction, same side hand rotates to the outside, the thumb stays on the outside and the fingers come back under the wrist, the opposite hand reaches invertedly across to collapse the elbow, same side elbow rotates under the attacker‟s elbow and next to attacker‟s side, free hand grasps the outside of attacker‟s hand and the finish is a „gooseneck.‟ ____ #10 –Distraction, push same side hand out tiger mouthing the attacker‟s wrist, opposite side hand strikes under the elbow and slightly grasp the elbow, same side hand pushes attacker‟s wrist towards your opposite side hand and it locks on the anterior side of the attackers forearm, (can be used as an escort or the take attacker to the ground). Cross Wrist Grab _____ #4 – Distraction, counter-grab, same side hand applies pressure point to the attacker‟s elbow, raise attacker‟s arm up and step under into a chicken wing and take to the ground. _____ #5 – Distraction, rotate trapped hand to the outside and grasp attacker‟s wrist, as the same side hand traps the back of the attacker‟s hand, apply pressure down and towards yourself. _____ #6 –Distraction, counter-grab and pull in and step hip-to-hip, same side hand reaches behind and around attacker‟s head grasping the chin and pull into shoulder, trapped is being pulled across your abdomen and pressure is being applied to the elbow. Cane ____ Technique (clearing & strike) ____ Block (roof & shield) ____ Cane Set #2  roof block, counter strike, side kick  turn 90 left, clearing (1,2), shield block, strike  turn 90 left, roof block, counter strike, side kick  turn 90 left, clearing (1,2), shield block, strike  turn 90 left, criss-cross and chamber

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Purple Belt (6th Gup) Requirements
Hand Strikes ____ #3 Knife hand ____ #4 Spear hand ____ #5 Ox jaw Kicks ____ #9 Upward knee ____ #10 Roundhouse knee Breakaway from 2 hands Grabbing 1 ____ #1 – Distraction, step in with same side foot, point fingers upward, free hand grasps the back of the trapped hand and pulls out, elbow strike to the face. ____ #2 – Distraction, step in with same side foot, point fingers upward, free hand grasps the anterior side of the trapped hand and pulls out in an upward motion, upward elbow strike to sternum and face. ____ #3 – Distraction, step in with the same side foot, angle elbow out/upward and angle hand downward and towards yourself, free hand grasps trapped hand and pulls out, follow up with back fist or back kick. Same Side Wrist Grabs ____ #11 – Distraction, same side hand tiger mouths wrist, opposite hand covers the back of the palm, as the arm rotates up, pressure into the attacker, torque wrist by twisting hands in the opposite direction. ____ #12 – Hand strike distraction, cross hand reaches over and slightly lifts the elbow, trapped hand pulls down and out and shoots behind the attacker‟s same side shoulder and into a hammer lock. ____ #13 – Distraction, step in with the same side foot coming almost elbow to elbow, free hand reaches under your trapped hand and grasps the posterior portion of the forearm, rotate trapped hand out, rear elbow strike to face, knife hand strike to bicep and snake hand around attacker‟s arm and into a hammer lock.

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____ #14 – Distraction, step in with the same side foot coming almost elbow to elbow, free hand reaches over your trapped hand and grasps the anterior portion of the forearm, pull trapped hand out and into your body, continue turning into the attacker, free hand now grasps the outside of attacker‟s hand, step under attacker‟s arm and into a chicken wing. ____ #15 – Distraction, rotate hand out and grasp the wrist with the free hand, pull trapped hand out and grasp the outside of attacker‟s hand, push arm up and step under and into a center lock. Cross Wrist Grabs ____ #7 – Distraction, rotate the hand up so that your palm faces the attacker, free hand grasps attacker‟s wrist and break trapped hand away and apply pressure to the back of attacker‟s palm and take to ground. ____ #8 – Distraction, snake trapped hand up and around attacker‟s wrist, free hand grasps attacker‟s wrist, trapped hand slides out and grasps the fingers and twist into attacker, pushing attacker‟s elbow up and then forcefully thrust attacker‟s arm back and down. Side Wrist Grabs ____ #1 – Distraction (sidekick), free hand reaches across and trapped attacker‟s hand on your wrist, rotate your elbow over the attacker‟s forearm and pressure downward. ____ #2 – Distraction, (sidekick), pull your trapped hand into your chest, free hand reaches under and traps the attacker‟s hand on your wrist, rotate your elbow over the attacker‟s forearm and pressure downward. Punches ____ #1 – Step to the outside, inside-outside parry and trap the wrist, knife hand strike and pressure to the triceps tendon and take to ground. ____ #2 – Step to the outside, inside-outside parry and trap the wrist, step behind, free hand comes around head and ridge hand strike to the far side of the neck and into a headlock, keep the trapped wrist and arm pulled across your chest. Cane ____ Part one of Cane form

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Blue Belt (5th Gup)
Requirements Hand Strikes ____ #6 Inside elbow ____ #7 Outside elbow ____ #8 Upward elbow ____ #9 Downward elbow ____ #10 Backward elbow Same Side Wrist Grabs ____ #16 – Live hand, distraction, rotate trapped hand to the outside with palm down, free hand grasps the attacker‟s wrist, trapped hand pulls down and out and grasps the outside of attacker‟s hand, step under the attacker‟s arm and into a center lock. ____ #17 – Live hand, distraction, rotate trapped hand to the outside, tiger mouth attacker‟s wrist with trapped hand, free hand grasp the back of attacker‟s palm, continue rotating over, step in with same side foot, and pressure down and in with same side elbow (elbow to elbow). ____ #18 – Live hand, distraction, flex wrist toward the outside tiger mouthing the wrist, free hand grasps the attacker‟s elbow, raise up and step under into a bar arm lock. ____ #19 – Live hand, distraction, step in with same side foot, free hand reaches over your hand and grasps the attacker‟s wrist, trapped hand pulls out and grasps the back of attacker‟s fingers pulling fingers down and back, step same side elbow under attacker‟s elbow and finish. ____ #20 – Live hand, distraction, step in with same side foot, free hand reaches over your hand and grasps the attacker‟s wrist, trapped hand pulls out and grasps under attacker‟s forearm, pulling attacker‟s arm into your body, forcefully pressure in with same side shoulder / upper arm and take attacker to the ground. 2 Hand Wrist Grabs ____ #1 – Live hand, distraction, trapped hand snakes to the outside with palm towards attacker‟s face, free hand grasps attacker‟s belt and pulls and the trapped hand thrusts towards attacker‟s face and take to ground.

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____ #2 – Live hand, distraction, rotate palm up with elbow close to the body, free hand reaches under attacker‟s hand and grasp the outside of the thumb, trapped hand comes out and grasps the pinky side of attacker‟s hand and torque to the outside, pressure to the ground. ____ #3 –Live hand, distraction, rotate (snake) trapped hand to the outside of attacker‟s opposite wrist and grasp attacker‟s wrist, as the same side hand traps the back of the attacker‟s hand, apply pressure down and towards yourself. Side Wrist Grabs ____ #3 – Live hand, distraction, pull trapped hand into your chest, free hand reaches over and grasps back of attacker‟s wrist, pull trapped hand down and out, free hand rear elbow strike to attacker‟s chest, reach under and around attacker‟s head grasping on the rear of the jaw, pressure in and down with shoulder, take to the ground and finish. ____ #4 – Live hand, distraction, pull trapped hand into your chest, free hand reaches over and grasps back of attacker‟s wrist and pull into your chest, forcefully rotate in with same side shoulder and take to ground. ____ #5 – Live hand, distraction, rotate trapped hand up and out with your palm facing up, free hand grasps attackers wrist, trapped hand pulls out and grasps attacker‟s fingers and torque back and to the outside, taking attacker to the ground. Punches ____ #3 – Step to the outside, same side hand comes over and around attacker‟s punching hand, pull attacker‟s arm into your chest, free hand grasps the back of attacker‟s hand and start bending attacker‟s palm toward the elbow and reverse direction as the same side foot steps back, take to the ground. ____ #4 – Step to the inside, both hand come up, same side hand blocks and traps wrist as the opposite side hand strikes the biceps tendon, letting the attacker‟s momentum take him to the ground. 2 Hands Grabbing 2 Wrists (front) ____ #1 – Live hands, one hand rotates in and palm up, the other turns palm down and out, smash attacker‟s knuckles together, pull to hand out, rear elbow strike to face.

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____ #2 – Live hands, distraction, rotate both hand out and up, palms in, smash hands together, one hand covers over and pressure both hands down, palm strike to face. 2 Hands Grabbing 2 Wrists (back) ____ #1 – Live hands, distraction, fake to one side stepping and slightly raising hand, step in the opposite direction raising that arm up and stepping under and turning your palm down, opposite hand grasps the outside of attacker‟s hand and into a center lock. ____ #2 – Live hands, distraction, fake to one side stepping and slightly raising hand, step in the opposite direction raising that arm up and stepping under and behind attacker‟s leg, sweep leg and pressure back with arm, taking to the ground. Cane ____ Part two of Cane form

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Brown Belt (4th Gup) Requirements Punches ____ #5 – Step to the inside, same side hand blocks and traps the wrist, opposite arm comes through with a horizontal elbow strike. ____ #6 – Step in with the opposite foot, same side hand blocks and traps the wrist, opposite hand comes under and around attacker‟s arm, pivot in and hip toss. 2 Hand Wrist Grabs ____ #4 – Live hand, distraction, trapped hand counter-grabs, free hand attacks pressure point on same side elbow, raise arm up and step under and into a chicken wing. ____ #5 – Live hand, distraction, trapped hand snakes to the outside and countergrabs, free hand attacks the triceps tendon and pressure to the ground. ____ #6 – Live hand, distraction, trapped hand counter-grabs, free hand strikes across the face and then comes under the trapped arm and applies an elbow lock. 2 Hands Grabbing 2 Wrists (front) ____ #3 – Live hands, raise one hand the lower the other, low side foot steps in and other foot steps behind attacker‟s foot as the high hand thrusts into attacker‟s neck and take to the ground. ____ #4 – Live hands, distraction, both hands counter-grab to the outside, raise hands up and step under both arms and into a throw. ____ #5 – Live hands, distraction, one hand goes palm down and the other palm up, palm down hand grasps the attacker‟s opposite hand, palm up hand breaks free and shoots under and around both of attacker‟s arm as you step in and hip toss. ____ #6 – Live hands, distraction, „clap hands‟ and one hand breaks free, free hand ki strike and then attacks triceps tendon. 2 Hands Grabbing 2 Wrists (back) ____ #3 – Live hands, distraction, fake to one side stepping and slightly raising hand, step in the opposite direction raising that arm up and stepping under and turning your palm down, opposite hand grasps the outside of attacker‟s hand and into a horizontal center lock, keeping attacker‟s elbow down.
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____ #4 – Live hands, one foot steps forward, opposite arm does a rear elbow strike to the body, re-chamber and break away, rear elbow strike to the head, spin out and counter-grab with trapped hand, free attacks the triceps tendon.

1 Hand Shoulder Grab (front) ____ #1 – Distraction, cross hand traps attacker‟s hand your shoulder, free hand does a ki strike and grasps the wrist, rotate shoulder inward and perform a wrist lock. ____ #2 – Distraction to face, same side hand traps attacker‟s wrist to your shoulder, free hand grasps the elbow and raise up slightly and step under and into an arm lock. ____ #3 – Cross hand traps attacker‟s hand to your shoulder as the free hand comes under the arm and back fist to the face and wraps around and torques the arm. 1 Hand Lapel (chest) Grab ____ #1 – Same side hand traps attacker‟s hand to your chest as the opposite hand does a palm heel strike to the face and grasps the wrist, pulling attacker‟s hand into your chest, the same side foot steps back and you spin to the rear. ____ #2 - Same side hand traps attacker‟s wrist to your chest as the opposite hand does a palm heel strike to the face and grasps the hand, pulling attacker‟s hand into your chest, forcefully pressure down and hammer fist to head or back. Cane ____ Part three of Cane Form

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Red Belt (3rd Gup) Requirements Self-Defense 1 hand shoulder grab (front): _____ #4 – Lower CoG, Trap with cross hand, ox jaw strike to torso, rotate shoulder inward and bring free arm over attacker‟s arm rotating downward and trap next to thigh. _____ #5 – Lower CoG, trap with cross hand, ki strike to body, rotate shoulder inwards, free arm come over attacker‟s arm elbow to elbow and rotate down and outward with palm up. _____ #6 – Lower CoG, trap with cross hand, ki strike to body, lock both hands on attacker‟s wrist and rotate inward, bringing your outside elbow over and around attacker‟s arm, locking nest to your body. 1 hand lapel (chest) grab: _____ #3 – Distraction, both hands lock on the wrist, rotate inward, attempting to rotate attacker‟s forearm inward while the other hand attempts to cause lateral flexion of the wrist. _____ #4 – Distraction, both hands lock on the wrist, rotate inward, attempting to rotate attacker‟s forearm inward while the other hand attempts to cause lateral flexion of the wrist, use your elbow to pressure down on attacker‟s elbow. _____ #5 – Distraction with inside hand, outside hand does a palm strike to elbow, snake inside hand around attacker‟s arm and grasp the chin while the other hand grasps the back of the head, twist to ground. Back collar grab (from front): _____ #1 – Distraction with inside hand, outside hand comes over and rotates in and inside hand joins with other hand and pressures down locking elbow to the body. _____ #2 – Cross hand reaches back and traps the hand, bobbing under attacker‟s arm and coming up on the other side, pressure in with your cheek as the free hand applies pressure to the triceps.

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_____ #3 – Bring cross hand up to block, same side hand strikes the ribs and grasp elbow and pull it in, cross hand grasps attacker‟s opposite shoulder, sweep attacker‟s leg and take to ground. 2 hand lapel (chest) grabs: _____ #1 – One hand snakes over and under attacker‟s forearms and pry up, free hand applies pressure to the elbow, while rotating should inward. _____ #2 – One hand comes over and traps both of attacker‟s forearms and then the other comes over and traps, apply pressure downward, and shoot hands into attacker‟s face. 1 hand middle sleeve grabs: _____ #1 – Insert thumb inside of attacker‟s hand as same side hand/forearm rotates over attacker‟s forearm and pressure downward. _____ #2 – Same side hand wraps around attacker‟s hand and torque inward and finish. 2 hand middle sleeve grabs (front): _____ #1 – Distraction, rotate both hands inward into and double forearm lock, lower CoG and step back, taking to ground. _____ #2 – Distraction, one hand comes under and grasps the cross wrist as the free hand comes over and traps both hands, lower CoG and step back. _____ #3 – Distraction, one hand comes under and grasps the cross wrist as the free hand comes over and pressures down on the same side forearm. _____ #4 – One hand comes under and raises up as the cross hands grasps the cross elbow, same side hand shoots towards the face and wraps around the attacker‟s arm, torque inward. Side body grabs (from the front): _____ #1 – Same side hand rotates under trapping the attacker‟s hand, free hand palm heel strike to face, strike to under side of elbow and grasp shoulder and sweep to ground. _____ #2 – Same side hand rotates under trapping the attacker‟s hand, free hand palm heel strike to face and comes down on forearm, pressuring to the ground.
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Cane ____ Entire Cane Form

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Red with a Black Stripe Belt (2 nd Gup) Requirements Self-Defense 1 hand shoulder grab (front): _____ #7 – Trap with cross hand, free hand strike to ribs, with knife hand strike to elbow and then pressure down. _____ #8 – Trap with cross hand, free hand does a Ki strike with an ox jaw, rotate the grasped shoulder inward, free hand goes up and then downward elbow strike to attacker‟s elbow. 2 hand lapel (chest) grabs: _____ #3 – Grab attacker‟s belt with one hand, as opposite hand spear hands to throat, push and pull to the ground. _____ #4 – Punch to abdomen, two hands grab one of attacker‟s hands and perform a wrist lock, pulling into the body and twisting to the ground. 2 hand middle sleeve grabs (rear) _____ #1 – fake to one side and step out to the other side, stepping behind attacker‟s foot, grasp ankle and pull up forcefully. 2 hand shoulder grabs (back): _____ #1 – Step to the outside, strike groin, and reach up and trap hand on shoulder, step under the arm, finish with an arm bar or center lock. Belt grabs (palm down): _____ #1 – Distraction with same side hand, opposite comes under attacker‟s hand and traps it into the body, step to the outside, knife hand to the triceps and roll it over, taking to the ground. _____ #2 – Distraction kick, Cross hand grasps under the wrist, same side hammer fist strike to back of forearm, back fist to face, live-hand knife-hand pressure down on forearm to ground. Hostile handshakes: _____ #1 – knife hand strike into radial nerve, knocking attacker‟s hand off of yours.

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_____ #2 – Pronate your hand and extend attacker‟s arm, upward palm strike to the elbow and thrust attacker backwards. Full Nelsons: _____ #1 – As attacker‟s hands come under your arms lower CoG, two hand grasp on attacker‟s hand and modified hip toss to ground. _____ #2 – As attacker‟s hand come under your arms lower CoG, cross hand grasps attacker‟s fingers as same side hand grasps wrist and pull in your body bending fingers backward, modified hip toss to ground.

Cane ____ Part one of ‘Old Man with a Cane’ Form Other ____ Have attended at least one ICHF or other approved martial arts training workshop in the past year.

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Black with a White Stripe Belt (1st Gup) Requirements
Self-Defense 2 hand lapel (chest) grabs ______ #5 – Strike to the side of face while placing both of your forearms across the attacker‟s wrists / forearms, pressure down and step back, double horizontal hammer fist to head. ______ #6 – distraction, shot one arm under and between attacker‟s arms and grasp the throat, with the other hand grasp the back of the head/hair, twist and take to the ground. Belt grabs (palm up) ______ #3 - palm strike to face and the cross hand grasps the attacker‟s wrist, ridge hand strike to the underside of the elbow, with this same hand reach cross and grasp the attack‟s far side lapel, rotate and take to the ground. ______ #4 – palm strike to face with the opposite hand, double inverted grip on attacker‟s hand, pull into your body and to the inside taking attacker to the ground. Hostile handshakes ______ #3 – grasp attacker‟s hand with your opposite hand, rotate hand palm up, stepping in slightly, raise your inside elbow up forcefully striking on the attacker‟s elbow. _____ #4 – step to the outside and behind, apply pressure point on the elbow, step under arm and apply a chicken wing, take to ground Full Nelsons ______ #3 – Lower CoG, reach back and grasp a finger, pill it off and pull into the body, rotate out as attacker‟s grasp weakens and finish with a rear choke. ______ #4 - shoot arms up and then down forcefully, twist slightly out and back and grasp attacker‟s head, and twist back, throwing attacker to the ground. ______ #5 – Lower CoG and clasp your hands in front of your head, step out and step inside leg behind attacker‟s leg, sweep leg and horizontal elbow strike to head. Headlocks

_____ #1 – grasp inside of knee and pull out, push other arm between and elbow strike to groin, trip backward and continue with elbow strike to groin, body or head and escape. _____ #2 – with outside hand apply pressure to the outside and rear of knee, other hand grasps attacker‟s hair/collar, push and pull to ground and finish. _____ #3 – grasp ankle with outside hand as inside forearm applies pressure to the side/rear of knee, push and pull to ground and finish.
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_____ #4 – outside hand grasps attacker‟s hand, inside hand does a strike to groin and come out the back. Bear Hugs (arms out – back): _____ #1 - elbow strike to head, palm strike to top hand with opposite hand, grasp with both hands, step under and finish with a center lock. _____ #2 - elbow strike to head, palm strike to top hand with opposite hand, grasp with both hands, step to the outside and finish with a wristlock. _____ #3 – attacker‟s fingers interlaced, lower CoG, pressure in with your forearms, grasp a finger, step out and around. Hair grabs (from the front) _____ #1 – trap with both hands, distracter kick, one hand release and strikes the elbow and pressure to the ground. _____ #2 - trap with both hands, distracter kick, crouch down and step into and under attacker‟s arm, finish with a modified center lock. _____ #3 – trap with cross hand, punch to ribs, rotate your head to the inside and knife hand strike to the triceps tendon and take to ground. _____ #4 – trap with the same side hand, knife hand strike to the bicep and then tiger mouth strike to throat with the same hand, step behind and sweep the near leg, taking attacker to their back. Cane ____ Part two of ‘Old Man with a Cane’ form Other ____ Have attended at least one ICHF or other approved martial arts training workshop in the past year.

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Black Belt (1st Dan) Requirements Self-Defense Hostile handshakes: _____ #5-Free hand locks attacker‟s thumb, applying pressure in and out; pressuring backward, taking the attacker to the ground. _____ #6 Free hand clasps attacker‟s hand as you step to the outside and spin under attacker‟s arm, going into a chicken wing (p. 112) Bear hugs (arms in – back): _____ #1-(grasping high) Lower CoG, explode elbows upward, rear elbow strike, hammer fist to groin, hammer fist to face, step out and back kick. _____ #2-(grasping middle) Lower CoG, grasp attacker‟s hands, step one leg out and perform a modified hip toss. _____ #3-(grasping low) Lower CoG, lean slightly to one side, free opposite arm by pulling upward, rear elbow strike to head, free hand strike attacker‟s hands to free the other hand, twist back and perform a headlock, taking the attacker to the ground. _____ #4 -(grasping middle) Rear head butt, step into a horse stance, squat down and grasp attacker‟s ankle and pull, back kick to groin Bear hugs (arms in – front): ______ #1-Lower CoG and grasp attacker‟s sides and squeeze HARD, step one leg across and sweep the inside leg. _____ #2-(grasping high) Lower CoG and step one leg back, double thumb strike to inguinal crease and push hard, snap kick to abdomen. Bear hugs (arms out – front): _____ #1- Lower CoG, grasp hair in back of head, palm strike to face, grasp chin and twist head and take to the ground. _____ #2- Grasp attacker‟s neck pushing thumbs into the carotid pressure point, twist and step out maintaining pressure to the ground.

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_____ #3-Lower CoG, strike face, spear hand into throat while the other hand puts pressure on the lower back, continue to push and pull until attacker goes to the ground. Defenses against kicks: _____ #1 – (snap kick) step to the inside and catch leg on the elbow, grasp on same side shoulder and sweep the other leg, take to ground, knee drop onto the groin, ankle lock _____ #2 – (snap kick or side kick) step to the outside and catch the leg on the elbow, grasp shoulder and sweep the supporting leg, taking attacker to the ground. _____ #3 – (snap kick) step to the inside, sidekick to the supporting knee. _____ #4 – (snap kick) step to the outside and catch the leg on the elbow, drive leg up and knife hand to the face. _____ Develop a unique cane form _____ Develop a 10+ minute demonstration to include empty hand techniques, weapons, strikes, kicks, disarms and other techniques to be determined. _____ Have attended at least one ICHF or other approved martial arts training workshop in the past year.

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Black Belt (2nd Dan) Requirements Kicks _____ #1 Muay Thai _____ #2 Savate _____ #3 Flip Strikes _____ #1 – Ki, with a „Live‟ hand. _____ #2 – Thumb Breakaways _____ #1 – Rotate trapped hand palm up as the free hand does a ridge hand to the side of the neck. _____ #2 – Rotate trapped hand palm up, same side knee strikes into the back of the attacker‟s hand, trapped hand comes out and ox jaw strike to the face. Same side wrist grabs _____ #1 – Live hand, distraction, rotate trapped hand to the outside, free hand grasps the back of attacker‟s hand and locks the wrist as the trapped hand thrusts out breaking attacker‟s thumb, pulling the back of attacker‟s wrist into your body, free hand comes under attacker‟s arm and grasps the thumb. _____ #2 – Live hand, distraction, rotate the trapped hand to the outside and counter-grab the attacker‟s wrist, free hand does a knife hand strike to the neck and comes around the neck and into a guillotine hold, rolling down and back flip attacker over and continue to chock. _____ #3 – Live hand, distraction, rotate trapped hand to the outside, free hand grasps the back of attacker‟s hand and locks the wrist as the trapped hand as the free hand remains live and using the knife hand side pressure down and kick to the face. _____ #4 – Live hand, distraction (hand to face), free reaches over and grasps the elbow and bend upward, trapped hand snakes behind attacker‟s arm and into a hammer lock. Inverted cross wrist grabs
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_____ #1 – live hand palm down, raise palm up towards your face, free hand grasps the outside of attacker‟s hand and go into a center lock. 2 hand grabbing one wrist _____ #1 – push hand outward, free hand comes around attacker‟s head and grasps under the chin, rotate backward to the ground. Side wrist grabs _____ #1 – distraction, rotate palm up, free hand grasps attacker‟s wrist, trapped hand comes out and applies pressure to the back of attacker‟s wrist and pressure down to the ground. 2 hands grabbing two wrists (front) _____ #1 – Rotate hands to the outside and re-grasp attacker‟s wrists, twist in and go back to back and perform a double “big nasty” 2 hands grabbing two wrist (back) _____ #1 – step to the outside and place near foot behind attacker‟s near foot, outside hand grasps attacker‟s wrist, step under and out, finish in a hammer lock. Hostile handshakes _____ #1 – grasp your own thumb, rotate your knuckles into the bony structure of attacker‟s hand and pressure to the ground. _____ #2 – open trapped hand, thumb traps attacker‟s thumb, rotate palm up, free hand grasps the outside of attacker‟s hand and into a center lock. Defenses against punches _____ #1 – Inside – outside parry, ox jaw ki strike with the outside hand and palm strike with the same hand. _____ #2 – Inside –outside parry, step behind attacker, double ear strike and dig the fingers into the eyes, pivot to the outside and take attacker to the ground. _____ #3 – Inside – outside parry, outside forearm strikes the elbow, pivot 180 degrees and elbow strike to the spine, step forward and back kick into the leg or spine.

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_____ #4 – Step to the outside, outside arm comes over attacker‟s arm locking it tight, free elbow strikes the lower back, this arm comes over attacker‟s head and locks on the throat, other hand releases and rotates attacker to the ground. _____ #5 – If you are in very close, as attacker punches, deflect and snake over and around attacker‟s arm and trap it to your side, repeat to other side, now with both arms locked step one leg behind and sweep to the ground. _____ #6 –Inside –outside parry and trap the wrist, free elbow strikes downward into attacker‟s bicep, key lock attacker‟s arm and step back as you rotate inward and take attacker to the ground.

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Black Belt (3rd Dan) Requirements Defenses against punches _____ #1 – step to the outside, cross hand parries down and into the free hand, both hands grabbing attacker‟s wrist, step under attacker‟s arm and in an arm lock and transitions into a rear naked choke. _____ #2 – step to the outside, inside parry, ox jaw w/ same side hand, palm strike with cross hand, step to the inside of attacker‟s near foot with your cross foot with your knee on the outside of attacker‟s knee (this is a foot trap) and trip/push to ground. _____ #3 – step to the inside, cross hand outside parry, same side hand checks the attacker‟s arm and palm strike to the face. _____ #4 – step to the outside, inside parry, cross arm does a full arm ki strike, come around the corner and same side downward elbow strike to the spine. _____ #5 – step to the outside, inside parry, cross hand thrusts under attacker‟s arm and to the far side of the attacker‟s head, stay in close, go into a head and arm choke. (You may go to the ground) _____ #6 –step to the outside, inside/outside parry and trap, same side elbow strike to the body, same side hand comes under and around attacker‟s arm into a modified key lock, rotate to the outside and down to the ground, place knee on attackers head or ribs and pull up on the arm/wrist. Against the wall _____ #1 – (double lapel grab) vertical strike to the body, both hand apply pressure to the attacker‟s pressure point in the anterior elbow, push inward and rotate to the left, slam attacker‟s head against wall, groin strike, palm strike to the face. _____ #2 – (two hand front choke) double vertical punch to chest, grasp one wrist with the same side hand, the other hand reaches back and peels out a finger, pressuring back and around, turn attacker and apply a rear choke. _____ #3 – (one hand front choke) cross hand does a inside knife hand strike to attacker‟s wrist, rotate back with a same side elbow strike to the face.
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Defenses against kicks _____ #1 –(front kick) step to the outside, inside arm catches the leg, same side hand comes across the attacker‟s face, rotate to the outside and down to the ground, keeping the leg vertical, knee on attacker‟s chest, apply an ankle lock. _____ #2 – (round kick) turn towards the kick, catch the kick with your same side arm, upward knee strike – downward elbow to attacker‟s knee, side kick the supporting leg. _____ #3 – (front kick) step to the outside, catch leg with your cross side arm, free hand grasps the inside of the thigh, rotate to the outside taking attacker‟s to their back, make sure to bend attacker‟s knee, place your same side knee on attacker‟s chest, rotate cross shoulder inward and torque the knee. _____ #4 – (round kick) catch leg with your same side arm, cross arm applies pressure to the inside of attacker‟s thigh and force down, switch the grasping arm from under to over, rotate inward rolling the attacker to their belly, straddle attacker and apply an ankle lock. 1 hand lapel (chest) grabs _____ #1 – strike to face with cross hand, same side hand grasps wrist, cross hand squeezes attacker‟s thumb, and rotate outward and down. _____ #2 – distracter kick, same side hand grasps attacker‟s forearm, cross hand grasps attacker‟s collar and apply pressure with your thumb just above the clavicle, inside leg steps behind and trips attacker, take to the ground. _____ #3 – distraction(low), same side hand grasps attacker‟s wrist, shot the cross hand out and perform a head lock and take to the ground. _____ #4 – same side hand grasps attacker‟s wrist, cross hand performs a ridge hand strike continue to rotate through and grab attacker‟s wrist and throw (twist) to the ground.

1 hand cross lapel (chest) grabs: _____ #1 – grasp and trap the attacker‟s hand with your cross hand, the same side hand performs a strike to the ribs or face, same side hand then grasps the attacker‟s

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wrist, rotating in and bringing the same side elbow over and locking the attacker‟s elbow. _____ #2 – same side hand grasps the wrist, cross hand distracts to the face and then does an upward strike to the elbow and grasps the hand, rotating in and bringing the same side elbow over and locking the attacker‟s elbow. _____ #3 – same side hand grasps the attacker‟s wrist with your thumb on the back of their hand, cross hand distracter to the face, peel the attacker‟s hand off of your lapel, cross hand then applies pressure to the back of attacker‟s hand and take to the ground. 2 hands grab two shoulders (front) _____ #1 – distracter strike to the body, one hand goes over and the other hand goes under the attacker‟s arms, stepping in, on the side with the over hand step with the inside foot and sweep the attacker‟s near leg, taking to the ground and perform an elbow lock. _____ #2 – grasp the attacker‟s wrist on your left side with the same side hand, the right hand raises up and performs a downward elbow strike to the attacker‟s elbow (knocking him off that shoulder), the right hand now grasps the opposite elbow attacking the pressure point, step in and under the arm, going behind into an arm lock and transition into a rear naked choke.

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Defense when against a wall _____ #1 – (double lapel grab) vertical strike to the body, both hand apply pressure to the attacker‟s pressure point in the anterior elbow, push inward and rotate to the left, slam attacker‟s head against wall, groin strike, palm strike to the face. 1 2

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