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Pure metal Noble gases He, Ne, Ar Cu, Mg, Ag
Two similar atoms of non metal element share their valence electron to achieve octet/duplet electron arrangement (group 15, 16 and 17) N2, O2, Cl2, Br2, I2, H2
Two different non metal atoms of element share their valence electron to achieve octet/duplet electron arrangement ( between group 15, 16 and 17) CO2 , H2O , SO2
Metal atom (group 1, 2, 13 release electrons to form positive ion). Non metal atom (group 15,16,17 receive electrons) to achieve octet/ duplet electron arrangement NaCl , CuSO4
ELEMENT A pure substance cannot be subdivided into any simpler substances by physical or chemical process COMPOUND A substance that contain two or more different types of elements that are chemically bonded together .
DEVELOPMENT OF ATOMIC MODEL DALTON Idea of atom THOMSON Negatively charged electron Positively charged sphere RUTHERFORD Nucleus at the centre of atom contains positively charged proton Electrons move outside nucleus BOHR Na ELECTRON ARRANGEMENT FOR AN ATOM CHADWICK ATOMIC MODEL CHADWICK ATOMIC MODEL .
Subatomic Relative Mass Particle Proton Neutron Electron 1 1 1/1840 Relative Position Charge +1 0 -1 In the nucleus In the shells Proton number : Total number of proton in the nucleus of an atom Nucleon number : Total number of proton and neutron in the nucleus of an atom .
Symbol of an element A ± Nucleon number of atom X Z ± Proton number of atom X .Standard Representation Of An Element A Z X X .
noble gases. a few non metal such as carbon and silicon Na .ATOM The smallest neutral particle of an element Normally pure metals.
Na Na Sodium ATOM Sodium ELEMENT Na N a Na N a N Na a N Na a Na Na Na Na Na N N N N N a a a a a N Na Na Na N N a a a Na N a Sodium ELEMENT Sodium ELEMENT Sodium ELEMENT .
1 .8.SODIUM ATOM Na Na Electron arrangement of sodium atom is 2.
1 .SODIUM ELEMENT Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Sodium element consist with many sodium atoms Electron arrangement of sodium element is 2.8.
Standard Representation For Sodium Element The Structure Of Sodium Atom 23 11 Na The Electron arrangement Of Sodium Atom y y y y y y 11p + 12n Na y y .
1 1 1 3 3 .23 11 Na Number of proton Number of electron Number of neutron Proton number Nucleon number Electron arrangement Number of valence electrons Group Number of shells Period 11 11 12 11 12 2.8.
Helium atom has two valence electron (duplet) Why? .Electron Arrangements In Some Of Inert Gases Atoms He Ne Ar Helium 2 (Duplet) Neon 2.8 (Octet) Argon 2.8.8 (Octet) All Inert Gases atoms have eight valence electrons (octet) except Helium which is stable.
8.8.8 .8.2 2.1 2.8.4 2.7 2.5 188.8.131.52 2.3 2.EXAMPLE : PERIOD 3 ELEMENT ELEMENT Na 11 Mg 12 Al 13 Si 14 N 15 S 16 Cl 17 Ar 18 PROTON NUMBER ELECTRON ARRANGEME NT 2.8.8.
Inert Gases in The Periodic Table Of Element I 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 18 16 17 He Ne Ar Kr Xe Rn GROUP 13 14 15 Why are these elements located in Group 18? .
They are not stable.4.Each atom from group 1-17 elements has 184.108.40.206. How do these atoms achieve stable octet/duplet electron arrangement? Atoms form CHEMICAL BONDS to achieve a stable duplet or octet electron arrangement.6 and 7 valence electrons respectively. . Bonds are formed when two or more atoms of elements are bonded together. Each atom does not achieve octet electron arrangement.
COVALENT BOND. ( Particle forms is neutral molecule) . IONIC BOND ( Particles form are positive ion and negative ion) 2. There are TWO TYPES OF CHEMICAL BOND: 1.