PresenteJ By .

ETE's
Dote. Ũű-ŨŰ-ũŨ
Ash
O Fly Asl 8 Boiiom Asl
O Fuel, combusiion meilods,
flue gas iieaimenis and
boilei designs
O Fly Asl composiiion:
Some SLaLlsLlcs
O ouily consumpiion of asl is ¸¸ ions.
O Tle mosi common iypes of asl include boiiom asl
(¸o-Ũo% in FBC) and fly asl (Ūo-ūo% in FBC) iesuliing
fiom ile combusiion
O Less ilan i% of asl pioduced
O Ūũ% of fly asl pioduced is disposed of
in landfills and asl ponds
O Aiea undei asl in India: iŪo lm
:
O Fly Asl ieuse:
O Biicls, Poiiland cemeni, Embanlmenis and siiuciuial
fill,Siabilizaiion of sofi soils, eic.
ASP PAnuLlnC
O eilod of colleciion, conveying, inieiim sioiage and
load oui of vaiious iypes of asl iesidue
O Asl landling can be of iwo iypes
O Diy
O Wei
O Fly asl landling can eiilei be diy oi wei
O Boiiom asl landling is geneially wei uniil iecenily because
of iis liglei paiiicle size (aiound :ũ mm )
O Fly asl can eiilei be fine oi couise
O Fine fly asl las paiiicle size foim ũo - :oo micion wleieas
coaise fly asl las paiiicle size gieaiei ilan :oo micion .
8C11CM ASP PAnuLlnC
BOTTO AS
ANDLING
SYSTES
WATER
IPOUNDED
OPPER
SUBERGED
SCRAPER
CONVEYOR
DRY BOTTO AS
SYSTES
WET
DISPOSAL
WET
DISPOSAL
DRY
COLLECTION
JA1L8 lMÞCunuLu PCÞÞL8
O Old piocess
O uge waiei consumpiion
O Receives, quencles,
sioies ciusles and
iemove boiiom asl
O Asl is disclaiged once in
Ū io Ŭ louis
O Clinlei giindei is
siiuaied below ii
8LCl8CuLA1lCn S?S1LM
8C11CM ASP PAnuLlnCŴSSC
O SSC is placed beneail
ile fuinace
O Sluiiy is ialen up io a
de-waieiing slope befoie
disclaiging
O Waiei seives as cooling
medium
O Waiei also acis as aiilocl
foi asl loppeis io avoid
aii io eniei ile fuinace
SSC conLdŦ
O Reduced waiei usage
O Reduced powei
consumpiion
O Reduced opeiaiional and
mainienance cosi
urv boLLom ash handllna
O Waiei is noi used
O Incieased boilei
efficiency
O Reduced impuiiiies
in siacl
O Low mainienance
cosi and no waiei
iequiied
AuvAn1ACLS Cl u8? PAnuLlnC CvL8 SSC
lL?ŴASP PAnuLlnC
lL?ŴASP PAnuLlnC
FLY AS SYSTES
PRESSURE
CONVEYING
SYSTE
DENSE
PASE
DILUTE
PASE
VACUU
SYSTE
DILUTE
PASE
Þ8LSSu8L S?S1LM
OPERATING PRESSURE IS ũ Kg]cm
:
vACuuM S?S1LM
OPERATING PRESSURE IS ũ¸omm
CCM8lnLu Þ8LSSu8L Anu
vACuuM S?S1LM
Comparlson
ulluLe Þhase
O Boil vacuum 8 piessuie
pneumaiic sysiems
O igl velociiy
O low asl - io - aii iaiio
uense phase
O Pneumaiic piessuie
sysiem conveying dense
asl
O Low velociiy
O igl asl conceniiaiion
O Less eneigy due io iis
smallei amouni of
conveying aii
CLnL8AL uLSlCn ASÞLC1S
O Boilei design and configuiaiion
O Disposal condiiions
O Waiei availabiliiy
O Type of coal
O Design capaciiy
ASP ulSÞCSAL S?S1LM
S.I. NO ALTERNATIVE MERITS DEMERITS
i. Lean Sluiiy Disposal
Sysiem(LSDS)
·Silo aiea layoui
is simple
·Cleapei
·Laige quaniiiy of
waiei iequiied
·Civil cosi is ligl
:. igl Conceniiaiion
Sluiiy Disposal
Sysiem(CSDS)
·Less waiei
consumpiion
·Less disposal
aiea is iequiied
Requiies moie space
neai silo
Plah ConcenLraLlon Slurrv ulsposal
(PCSu)
O Coniiolled and moniioied
feeding foi fly asl and
boiiom asl
O Agiiaioi Reieniion Tanl
(ART).
O Caibon sieel pipelines
O iglei conceniiaiion of
aboui Ūo%
AdvanLaaes
O Asl spieads in layeis enabling veiiical filling, lence
land iequiiemeni is ieduced.
O Pumping ai liglei conceniiaiion, lence low waiei
consumpiion.
O Sluiiy flow iaie is diasiically ieduced.
O Liieially no waiei ieleases oui, lence no waiei
ieiaining dams oi iecoveiy sysiem is iequiied.
O Reduced leacles ai ile asl disposal aiea.
O Lowei opeiaiing powei consumpiion.
O Lowei velociiy, lence longei life foi pipe line.
lL? ASP ulSÞCSAL S?S1LMS
LandIill: big bags
Lmbankmentť ash p|acement
Lmbankmentť top ||ner
Ioundat|onť 'aspha|t' cover
Landf|||ť cover so|| removed
Woilslop Implemeniaiion of ile Landfill Diieciive, iũil ay
:ooŭ, Tallinn, Esionia
Ash 8rlcks
ASP ÞCnuS
SLu88? ulSCÞCSAL Anu ASP
JA1L8 8LCCvL8? S?S1LM
HOPPER
SLURRY PUMP
SETTLÌNG POND
STÌLLÌNG POND
VERTÌCAL TURBÌNE PUMP
CLARÌFLOCULATOR
ASH WATER TANK
ASP S1C8ACL SlLCS
Tle Asl coming oui of ile unloading cluie is
iiansfeiied io waiiing iiucls foi vaiious uses
AuvAn1ACLS Cl SlLC S?S1LM
O Commeicial uiilizaiion of asl in :
- Cemeni addiiives.
- Biicl planis.
- Road maling, eic.
O Saving of waiei - a piecious commodiiy.
O igl ieliabiliiy
O Leasi mainienance
ConLdŧŦ
O Enviionmeni concein:
- In a peiiod, wlen enviionmenial pioieciion and
awaieness is a maioi indusiiial and social concein,
Dense Plase pneumaiic conveying, by ioially enclosed
landling sysiem, is paiiiculaily amenable io ile
enviionmeni.
- All conveniional pioblems of spillage, dusi,
coniaminaiion and sioiage aie efficienily and
successfully eiadicaied.
A5n GA1L Ǝ nCU5ING
·Tle Asl Gaie and ousing
insialled below ile boiiom asl
sioiage loppei.
·Ii coniiols ile disclaige fiom ile
sioiage loppeis.
·Tle gaie opeiaiion is coniiolled
lydiaulically, pioviding a smooil
opeiaiion wlen opening and iigli
seaiing wlen closed.
LINkLk GkINDLk
O Coaise boiiom asl oi
oilei coaisely sized
maieiial
O Reduce size foi
pneumaiic conveyance
oi oilei means of asl
landling.
LCNL5
O Ceniiifugal asl ieceivei
O Top of a silo oi sioiage loppei
O Tle gases afiei ieacling ile end
of ile conical poiiion clanges iis
diieciion and moves upwaids
iowaids ile ouilei foiming an
innei veiiex.
O Coniiol ligl conceniiaiion.
9UL5L IL1 DU51 CLLL1Ck5
O Receives ile oveiflow aiisiieam
fiom ile asl ieceivei
O Collecis asl paiiiculaies on ile
suiface of muliiple fibei bags
O Clean (filieied) aii oveiflows ile
iop of ile dusi collecioi, passing
io ile aimospleie oi oilei
piocessing.
A5n CNDI1ICNLk5
O 1he ash condlLloner ls a LoLallv
enclosedţ paddle Lvpe mlxer
deslaned Lo condlLlon flv ashţ
boLLom ashţ and oLher abraslve or
dusLv maLerlalsŦ
O 1he unlL (coupled wlLh a roLarv
feeder) feaLures Lhe ablllLv Lo
accuraLelv conLrol boLh Lhe
maLerlal feed raLe and Lhe waLer
supplv flow raLeţ as well as ensure
a compleLe and conLrolled mlxlna
prlor Lo dlscharaeŦ
5LUkk 9UM95
O 1he slurrv soluLlon ls pumped uslna lL
Lo land flll or LransporLed Lo a slurrv
Lo laaoon for sLoraae/dlsposalŦ
O AalLaLor pumps dellver klneLlc enerav
(enerav of moLlon) Lo slurrv
sollds surroundlna Lhe pump lnLakeţ
reŴsuspendlna Lhem lnLo a fluld sLaLeŦ
O 1he slurrv mav be subsequenLlv used
for a number of appllcaLlons such as
ln Lhe bulldlna lndusLrvţ for CemenL
and 8lock producLlon
n|gh 9ressure Ash Iet 9umps
O Plah pressure ash [eL pumps
are used Lo remove Lhe cllnker
formed on Lhe wall of furnace
bv supplvlna waLer [eLŦ
O !eL pumps works on a venLurl
prlnclpleŦ Plah pressure waLer
dellvered Lhrouah Lhe nozzle
creaLes vacuumŦ
A5n UNLCADLk5
O 1elescoplc unloadlna ChuLe
O A knlfe aaLe ls flLLed Lo Lhe ash sllo
boLLom
O 1elescoplna lnLerlocklna cones
whlch are encapsulaLed bv a
fabrlc/elasLomerlc dusL annulus
O lnduced alr flow aeneraLed bv a
sucLlon fan
O 8aa Lvpe pulse [eL dusL collecLorŦ
9I9LLINL 9kCDU15
O T¢vmina! Box : Used as a low piofile
conveying pipeline ieiminaiion io diveii
ile maieiial flow iangeniially inio ile
iop of a silo ] loppei. Siandaid size iange
io accommodaie ũomm io Ũoomm
diameiei pipelines.
O Dump Va!v¢s :
O Used as a silo ] loppei feeding valve
wiilin ile conveying pipeline.
O Locaied on ile silo ] loppei ioof ii
diveiis ile maieiial flow inio ile iop of a
sioiage loppei ] silo oi in ii's by-pass
posiiion allows ile maieiial flow io pass
iliougl io a second sioiage loppei ]
silo.
O Tle sleeve design of Valves auio cleans
wiil eveiy cycle of opeiaiion on ile gaie
oi valve poii because ile sleeve will flex
io allow giiis and solids io pass iliougl .
Ia|ves and 8ends
O Swit¢h Va!v¢
O To conneci pipelines iogeilei eiilei
in conveiging oi diveiging
configuiaiions.
O Tle mosi commonly used foi ile
Powei Indusiiy is ile Dom¢ Swit¢h
Va!v¢
O B¢nds
O Size iange ũomm io Ũoomm diameiei
pipelines
O ast Ni-havd, Gvad¢ iũo ivon oi
basali-lined mild sieel bends aie
used.
O Foi veiy abiasive sluiiies a!umina
¢¢vami¢-!in¢d mi!d st¢¢! bends aie
used
9I9L5
O ip¢ : Siandaid Size iange ũomm io Ũoomm diameiei
pipelines.
O onv¢ving ip¢!in¢ : S¢am¢d mi!d st¢¢! pip¢
wovk (BSi¸Ŭū; BS¸Ūoi; DIN:ŨŨi]Ŭ; ANSI Ŭ¸Ū.i
siandaid pipe oi equivaleni) io consiiuci ile siiaigli
pipe seciions . Foi long siiaigli seciions ile pipeline is
usually consiiucied by w¢!d¢d joints using Ū-i: meiei
iandom pipe lengils depending on availabiliiy.
8equlremenL of 8CÞs uurlna 11
Lh
Þlan
noŦ of vendors ln our CounLrv

¾
O  _  [``[ _ O aW U[Ta_`[Z W`[V_

XaW YS_ `^WS`WZ`_ SZV T[W^ VW_YZ_ O  _ U[\[_`[Z

¯ f¾n¾
O [a^ U[Z_a\`[Z[XS__##`[Z_ O W[_`U[[Z` \W_[XS_ZUaVWT[``[S_ 

## #Z SZVX S_ # #Z ^W_a`ZY X^[`WU[Ta_`[Z O W__`SZ#[XS_\^[VaUWV O  [X X S_ \^[VaUWV _ V_\[_WV [X Z SZVX_ SZV S_ \[ZV_ O ^WS aZVW^ S_ Z ZVS # # #
O  _^Wa_W O ^U_ [^`SZVUWWZ`TSZWZ`_ SZV_`^aU`a^S X`ST S`[Z [X _[X`_[_W`U

--
O
W`[V [X U[WU`[Z U[ZbW ZY Z`W^ _`[^SYW SZV 

[SV [a` [X bS^[a_ ` \W_ [X S_ ^W_VaW
O O

O _SZVZYUSZTW[X`c[` \W_ 
^ W`

O  S_SZVZYUSZW`W^TWV^ [^cW` O [``[S_SZVZY_YWZW^S cW`aZ`^WUWZ` TWUSa_W [X`_YW^\S^`UW_ WS^[aZV#  O  S_USZW`W^TWXZW[^U[a^_W O ZWX S_S_\S^`UW_ WX[^ #Ê ###U^[ZcW^WS_ U[S^_WX S_S_\S^`UW_ WY^WS`W^`SZ###U^[Z

-- . @@.

.

        .

  .

      .

.

 .

.

       .

    .

  .

 .

.

9D-99 O .J@.

V\^[UW__ aYWcS`W^U[Z_a\`[Z O WUWbW_]aWZUW_ _`[^W_U^a_W_SZV ^W[bWT[``[S_ O __V_US^YWV[ZUWZ `[ [a^_ O ZW^Y^ZVW^_ _`aS`WVTW[c` O .

.

.

.D@-@.

@@.-- .

O  _ \SUWV TWZWS` `W Xa^ZSUW O a^^ _ `SWZ a\ `[ S VWcS`W^ZY _[\W TWX[^W V_US^YZY O S`W^ _W^bW_ S_ U[[ZY WVa O S`W^ S_[ SU`_ S_ S^[U X[^ S_ [\\W^_ `[ Sb[V S^ `[ WZ`W^ `W Xa^ZSUW .

.

n° O WVaUWVcS`W^a_SYW O WVaUWV\[cW^ U[Z_a\`[Z O WVaUWV[\W^S`[ZSSZV SZ`WZSZUWU[_` .

 ¯f¾f° °– O S`W^_Z[`a_WV O ZU^WS_WVT[W^ WXXUWZU  O WVaUWV\a^`W_ Z_`SU O [cSZ`WZSZUW U[_`SZVZ[cS`W^ ^W]a^WV .

.

I-@--I.

.

.

 -- .

 --     .

               .

9D@. .

     YÈU# .

I.

DD.@. .

    ## .

.

. -9D- I.

@. .DD.

.

¯½f¾° .

 9f¾ O [`bSUaa\^W__a^W \ZWaS`U_ _`W_ O YbW[U` O [cS_ `[ S^^S`[ .

 °¾ ½f¾ O ZWaS`U\^W__a^W _ _`WU[ZbW ZYVWZ_W S_ O [cbW[U` O YS_U[ZUWZ`^S`[Z O W__WZW^Y VaW`[`_ _SW^S[aZ`[X U[ZbW ZYS^ .

.

--9.

@ O [W^VW_YZSZVU[ZXYa^S`[Z O _\[_SU[ZV`[Z_ O S`W^SbSST` O  \W[XU[S O W_YZUS\SU` .

.

9@.   .

#     WSZ a^^ _\[_S  _`W       W[ S^WSS [a` W S^YW]aSZ`` [X __\W cS`W^^W]a^WV WWS\W^ WbU[_`_Y W W__ cS`W^ U[Z_a\`[Z W W__V_\[_S S^WS_^W]a^WV W]a^W_[^W_\SUW ZWS^_[ # Y[ZUWZ`^S`[Z a^^ _\[_S  _`W  .

–.

°n °f°¾½¾f %.

% O [Z`^[WVSZV[Z`[^WV XWWVZYX[^X S_SZV T[``[S_ O Y`S`[^W`WZ`[ZSZ  O S^T[Z_`WW\\WZW_ O YW^U[ZUWZ`^S`[Z[X ST[a` # .

 f°f– ¾ O __\^WSV_ZS W^_WZSTZYbW^`USXZYWZUW O O O O O O SZV^W]a^WWZ`_^WVaUWV a\ZYS`YW^U[ZUWZ`^S`[ZWZUW[ccS`W^ U[Z_a\`[Z a^^ X[c^S`W_V^S_`US ^WVaUWV `W^S Z[cS`W^^WWS_W_[a`WZUWZ[cS`W^ ^W`SZZYVS_[^^WU[bW^ _ _`W_^W]a^WV WVaUWVWSUW_S``WS_V_\[_SS^WS [cW^[\W^S`ZY\[cW^U[Z_a\`[Z [cW^bW[U` WZUW[ZYW^XWX[^\\WZW .

3/1--.8 . .9@.

¯ f°¯ ° f¾½fn ¯ ° .

¯ f°¯ ° ½°  .

° f° #f¾½f#n  .

f° € n ¾ ¯ [^_[\ \WWZ`S`[Z[X`W SZVX^WU`bW# ` S  ### SZZ_`[ZS .

¾ n¾ .

9- .

D9- J@.

 !!# $&##!&! $%%!  $%!  '#%%&#!&! # &% # $%#% .I@.

@ W_U[ZY[a`[X`WaZ[SVZYUa`W_ `^SZ_XW^^WV`[cS`ZY`^aU_X[^bS^[a_a_W_ .

O [W^USa` S`[Z[XS_Z Ê WWZ`SVV`bW_ Ê ^U\SZ`_ Ê [SVSZYW`U O SbZY[XcS`W^Ê S\^WU[a_U[[V`  O Y^WST` O WS_`SZ`WZSZUW .I-@@.

.

° O Zb^[ZWZ`U[ZUW^Z Ê ZS\W^[VcWZWZb^[ZWZ`S\^[`WU`[ZSZV ScS^WZW___SS[^ZVa_`^SSZV_[USU[ZUW^Z WZ_W S_W\ZWaS`UU[ZbW ZYT `[`S WZU[_WV SZVZY_ _`W_\S^`UaS^ SWZSTW`[`W WZb^[ZWZ` Ê U[ZbWZ`[ZS\^[TW_[X_\SYWVa_` U[Z`SZS`[ZSZV_`[^SYWS^WWXXUWZ` SZV _aUUW__Xa W^SVUS`WV .

.

@ D- WW _ S`W SZV [a_ZY Z_`SWV TW[c `W T[``[ S_ _`[^SYW [\\W^ W ` U[Z`^[_ `W V_US^YW X^[ `W _`[^SYW [\\W^_ WW YS`W [\W^S`[Z _ U[Z`^[WV  V^SaUS  \^[bVZY S _[[` [\W^S`[Z cWZ [\WZZY SZV `Y` _WS`ZY cWZ U[_WV .

.

-- O [S^_WT[``[S_[^ [`W^U[S^_W _ WV S`W^S O WVaUW_ WX[^ \ZWaS`UU[ZbW SZUW [^[`W^WSZ_[XS_ SZVZY .

.

.

- O WZ`^XaYSS_^WUWbW^ O [\[XS_[[^_`[^SYW[\\W^ O WYS_W_SX`W^^WSUZY`WWZV [X`WU[ZUS\[^`[ZUSZYW_`_ V^WU`[ZSZV[bW_a\cS^V_ `[cS^V_`W[a`W`X[^ZYSZ ZZW^bW^`W  O [Z`^[YU[ZUWZ`^S`[Z .

9D@D@.

.

@ O WUWbW_`W[bW^X[cS^_`^WS X^[`WS_^WUWbW^ O [WU`_S_\S^`UaS`W_[Z`W _a^XSUW[Xa`\WXTW^TSY_ O WSZX`W^WVS^[bW^X[c_`W `[\[X`WVa_`U[WU`[^\S__ZY `[`WS`[_\W^W[^[`W^ \^[UW__ZY .

.

-@- O @ f¾ n° °  ¾ f f °n¾ ½f  ½ ¯  ¾–°  n° ° € f¾ ¯ f¾ f°   f f¾  ¾ ¯f f¾ O @ ° %n½  f f € % € f ¾  f   fnnf  n°   ¯f f € f f°  f  ¾½½ € f f¾   f¾ °¾ f n¯½  f° n° ¯°– ½  ¾nf– .

9 O @ ¾ ¾° ¾ ½¯½ ¾°–   f° €  f°¾½  f ¾  f–° € ¾f– $ ¾½¾f O –f ½¯½¾   ° n ° – % ° – € ¯°%  ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾° °–  ½¯½ °f  ¾¾½ ° °–  ¯ ° f € ¾f O @ ¾ ¯f ¾ ¾  ° ¾ € f °¯  € f½½nf°¾ ¾n f¾ °   °– ° ¾ € .D9D.

¯ ° f° n ½ n° .

–9 ¾¾ ¾ 9¯½¾ O –½ ¾¾ f¾© ½¯½¾ f ¾  ¯  n°  €¯ ° f€€°fn  ¾½½°–f ©  O  ½¯½¾¾°f ° ½°n½ –½ ¾¾ f    – °  n f ¾fn¯  .

D- O @  ¾n½nD°f °–.

 O °€ –f ¾€  f¾¾ ¯ O @  ¾n½°–° n°–n° ¾ nf  °nf½¾f  f €f n$ f¾¯ n ¾f°°¾ O ° n f€– ° f  f ¾n°€f° O f–½ ½¾ ©  ¾n n .

99-9D.

@ O W^ZS[ _WVS_S[c\^[XW O O O O U[ZbW ZY\\WZW`W^ZS`[Z`[VbW^` `WS`W^SX[c`SZYWZ`S Z`[`W `[\[X S_[È[\\W^`SZVS^V_ W^SZYW `[SUU[[VS`W #`[ ## VSW`W^\\WZW_ a\SbW_  _WVS_S_[È[\\W^XWWVZYbSbW c`Z`WU[ZbW ZY\\WZW [US`WV[Z`W_[È[\\W^^[[X` VbW^`_`WS`W^SX[cZ`[`W`[\[XS _`[^SYW[\\W^È_[[^Z`!_T \S__ \[_`[ZS[c_`WS`W^SX[c`[\S__ `^[aY`[S_WU[ZV_`[^SYW[\\W^È _[ W_WWbWVW_YZ[XSbW_Sa`[UWSZ_ c`WbW^ U UW[X[\W^S`[Z[Z`WYS`W [^bSbW\[^`TWUSa_W`W_WWbWcXW  `[S[cY^`_SZV_[V_`[\S__`^[aY .

If ¾f°  ° ¾ O c`USbW O [U[ZZWU`\\WZW_ `[YW`W^ W`W^ O O O O O ZU[ZbW^YZY[^VbW^YZY U[ZXYa^S`[Z_ W[_`U[[Z a_WVX[^`W [cW^ ZVa_`^ _ `W [Wc`U SbW WZV_  W^SZYW #`[ ##VSW`W^ \\WZW_ S_` S^V ^SVW# #^[Z[^ TS_S`ZWVV_`WWTWZV_S^W a_WV [^bW^ ST^S_bW_a^^W_SaZS UW^SUZWVV_`WWTWZV_S^W a_WV .

99 O \W `SZVS^V W^SZYW #`[ ##VSW`W^ \\WZW_ O [ZbW ZY \WZW WSWVV_`WW\\W c[^## # ## # #È    # # _`SZVS^V\\W[^W]abSWZ``[U[Z_`^aU``W_`^SY` \\W_WU`[Z_ [^[ZY_`^SY`_WU`[Z_`W\\WZW_ a_aS U[Z_`^aU`WVT cWVWV[Z`_a_ZY ##W`W^ ^SZV[\\WWZY`_VW\WZVZY[ZSbSST`  .

.

  ¯ °€ 9¾°– 9f° .

- €I ° ¾°.

° .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful