FIELD MANUAL No.

44-80

*FM 44-80 Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC, 30 September 1996

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release. Distribution is unlimited. *This publication supersedes FM 44-80, 20 July 1993.

Cover Acknowledgements

FM 44-80 VISUAL AIRCRAFT RECOGNITION

PREFACE
This manual is primarily a ready reference to assist the ground observer in aircraft recognition and identification. It provides information on current operational aircraft of the United States and foreign countries, which may be observed worldwide in the combat area. It can be used as source material for personnel conducting unit training in visual aircraft recognition. The procedures in this publication apply throughout the US Army. The data is based on the best information available at the time of publication; however, it is not all-inclusive because of some classification guidelines. This publication, by nature, has a built-in time lag, and some aircraft may still be under development or classified at the time of writing, but may be fielded or unclassified at, or after, publication. The provisions of this publication are the subject of international agreement QSTAG, 699, Aircraft Recognition Training. The proponent of this publication is USAADASCH. Submit changes for improving this publication on DA Form 2028 and forward it to Commandant, US Army Air Defense Artillery School, ATTN: ATSA-DT-T, Fort Bliss, TX 79916-3802. Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men.

CONTENTS
Chapter 1 - Need for Visual Aircraft Recognition

*FM 44-80 30 September 1996

Chapter 2 - Factors That Affect Detection, Recognition, and Identification

Chapter 3 - Description of Aircraft

Chapter 4 - Instruction Program

Chapter 5 - Ground Attack, Close Air Support, and Fighter-Bomber Aircraft

Chapter 6 - Air Superiority and Interceptor Aircraft

Chapter 7 - Bomber Aircraft

Chapter 8 - Cargo and Transport Aircraft

Chapter 9 - Utility Aircraft

Chapter 10 - Helicopter Aircraft

Chapter 11 - Early Warning, Observation, and Reconnaissance Aircraft

Chapter 12 - Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Cruise Missles

Appendix - Master Aircraft List

Glossary

References
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release. Distribution is unlimited. *This publication supersedes FM 44-80, 20 July 1993.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The US Army Air Defense Artillery School wishes to thank the following persons and organizations/corporations who have provided and/or given permission to use their photographs in this manual and other US Army aircraft recognition products. This furnished material should be used for training purposes only. Some of the organizations/corporations have reorganized, combined, renamed, or have been dissolved since their submissions.

If you have aircraft photographs (to include unmanned aerial vehicles) that you would like to include in the next edition of this manual and/or other US Army visual aircraft training products, please forward them, with release/permission to use the photographs, to Commandant, US Army Air Defense Artillery School, ATTN: ATSA-DT-T, Fort Bliss, TX 79916-3802.

CHAPTER 1
Need for Visual Aircraft Recognition
This chapter provides the causes for the decline in recognition skills in the past, the reasons for visual aircraft recognition today, and an overview of the potential threat. Aircraft are as much a part of the battlefield as tanks and artillery. These aircraft add a vertical dimension and their presence must be accepted and dealt with by every soldier in the field. On today’s battlefield, a soldier must recognize and identify both threat and friendly aircraft. Since there may be many of each type, aircraft recognition training is necessary for every soldier in the combat force.

REASONS FOR VISUAL AIRCRAFT RECOGNITION
Following World War II, the emphasis on visual aircraft recognition declined as a required skill for ground-based weapons crew members. Causes of the decline were— • The substitution of guided missiles for large antiaircraft guns. • The assumption that US forces would continue to maintain air superiority. • The reliance on electronic equipment for aircraft identification as hostile or friendly. The need for visual aircraft recognition skills has become more critical since— • An analysis of past military actions shows aircraft losses to air defense guns and small arms. It has reestablished that the soldier on the ground is capable of inflicting heavy losses on aircraft operating at low altitudes. • Continued air superiority over every battlefield is not possible. • Electronic identification has limitations and small units or individual soldiers do not always have access to these devices. • Visual recognition and identification of specific aircraft types and timely reporting provide the S2 and G2 additional information of a passive nature in the form of early warning, threat air capability, or information on a possible new tactical situation such as supply drops, defoliation, or photographic reconnaissance. The provision of large numbers of AD weapon systems to all divisional and some nondivisional ground combat forces generates additional emphasis on the need for visual aircraft recognition. Crew and team members of these weapon systems depend on visual recognition and identification of aircraft when making engagement decisions. The effectiveness of

CHAPTER 2
Factors That Affect Detection, Recognition, and Identification
This chapter covers early recognition and identification, aircraft confusion, physical factors, and search techniques. It also covers markings and camouflage, the use of binoculars, and other recognition considerations. Every attempt made at visual aircraft recognition involves two events. First, an aircraft must be detected. Second, the aircraft must be inspected to distinguish the characteristics or shape that makes it recognizable as a particular aircraft. Since detection, identification, and recognition are all visual processes, an aircraft must be detected, and then recognized at the farthest range possible, to make a timely engagement decision and or to report the aircraft. The task requires good, corrected if necessary, eyesight.

EARLY AIRCRAFT RECOGNITION AND IDENTIFICATION
The farther out an aircraft can be detected, recognized, and identified, the more time a gunner has to make an engagement decision. If the gunner is not going to engage the aircraft, then early recognition and identification will allow time to seek cover and or report the aircraft. The importance of early identification is demonstrated in the following illustration.

CHAPTER 3
Description of Aircraft
This chapter shows the features of aircraft that make recognition and identification possible, and sorts out similar and dissimilar aircraft. Additionally, it shows examples of how aircraft are named and or numbered. All of the possible aircraft configurations are not covered in this chapter. When instructing aircraft recognition, an instructor or small unit leader can follow the descriptive methods used in the examples and derive his own descriptions for features or configurations that are not covered in the text.

AIRCRAFT RECOGNITION AND IDENTIFICATION FEATURES
All aircraft are built with the same basic elements: wings to provide lift, engine(s) to provide motive power, a fuselage to carry the payload and controls, and a tail assembly which usually controls the direction of flight. These elements differ in shape, size, number, and position. The differences distinguish one aircraft type from another. An instructor can isolate the individual components for description and study as separate recognition and identification features, but it is the composite of these features that must be learned to recognize and identify an aircraft. The WEFT Features illustration shows wings, engine(s), fuselage, and tail features of aircraft. Allied countries may teach more or fewer features of aircraft in their recognition and identification programs.

.

the chapter features training aids and slide kit training which are used to develop and implement aircraft recognition training. present. The training functions of plan. and perform are the same in VACR training as for other classroom subjects. and the fundamentals of VACR. The skill level to which the unit will train depends on the unit’s mission. and engage hostile aircraft. All soldiers are required to recognize a selected number of threat and friendly aircraft for survival and intelligence gathering.CHAPTER 4 Instruction Program This chapter describes training methods and the fundamentals of VACR. prepare. These skills make it possible to discriminate between friendly and hostile aircraft by name and or number and type which will help avoid destruction of friendly aircraft. TRAINING PROGRAM Aircraft recognition and identification proficiency skills are gained through training. A VACR training program should be based on established training methods. In addition. clearly defined individual skill levels that must be met. the ability to recognize and identify aircraft becomes even more important. When the mission is to defend the airspace above the battlefield to protect friendly assets. practice. recognize. identify. and at the same time. .

and Fighter-Bomber Aircraft In this chapter. Line drawings are not to scale. the F/A-18 Hornet and MiG-21 Fishbed are used in many roles. CAS. . general data. there are line drawings. For the most part. and fighter-bomber aircraft WEFT description features. all the aircraft depicted here will be seen performing missions over the modern battlefield. photographs. Most aircraft shown can and will perform several roles. and aircraft manufacturer information. CAS. These aircraft will perform a variety of missions to include reconnaissance and interdiction in the forward areas. user countries. and fighter-bomber aircraft. For example. depending on the model and type of the aircraft.CHAPTER 5 Ground-Attack. Close Air Support. WEFT descriptions. there are examples of both hostile and friendly ground-attack. For each aircraft. The following illustration shows general-attack.

91Y Galeb/Jastreb Hawk Jaguar Kfir L-39 Albatross Magister CM.260W Su-7B Fitter A Su-17. 326 M. .-20.J MiG-29 Fulcrum Mirage III/5 Mirage F1 SF.170 M. Q-5 G. 339A MiG-17 Fresco MiG-21 Fishbed MiG-27 Flogger D.B.Chapter 5 Aircraft List A-4 Skyhawk A-6 Intruder A-7 Corsair II A-10A Thunderbolt II A-37 Dragonfly Alpha Jet AMX AV-8B Harrier II Buccaneer Draken F-1 F-4 Phantom II F-5 Freedom Fighter/Tiger II F-16 Fighting Falcon F/A-18 Hornet F-104 Starfighter F-111 Aardvark F-117A Night Hawk Fantan A.-22 Fitter Su-24 Fencer Su-25 Frogfoot Super Etendard Tornado IDS Viggen AJ-37 Yak-28 Brewer Yak-38 Forger .B.

28 m). Bombs.38 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Attack. Yak-38 Forger. CAS. Role. Crew. F-4 Phantom II. 6 in (8. two cannons. 3 in (12. Mirage III/5. Armament. USA. Dimensions. One. Length: 40 ft. Hawk. missiles.A-4 SKYHAWK (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Trainer--two. gun pods. Similar Aircraft. rockets. Span: 27 ft.

tapered tail fin with a square tip. Fuselage. Indonesia. USA. Humped dorsal spine. pointed nose. New Zealand. Air intakes semicircular and mounted on the body above and forward of the wings' leading edges. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Engine(s). Singapore. Some versions have an extended nose. Bubble canopy. Malaysia. . Delta-shaped tail flats mounted low on a swept-back. Single turbojet inside body. Israel. Body widens at air intakes and tapers to the rear. Low-mounted delta with curved tips.Wings. Kuwait. Barrel-shaped with solid. Tail.

Length: 54 ft. Two. Bombs. 7 in (16. missiles.A-6 INTRUDER (GRUMMAN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. tanker. Similar Aircraft. Crew.15 m). US Marine Corps all-weather attack bomber. Dimensions. Role. WEFT DESCRIPTION . USA. Hunter. Span: 53 ft (16. Armament.64 m).

Engine(s). Tail. Semicircular air intakes below and forward of the wing roots. Unequally tapered tail fin with a square tip and small. tapered tail flats. Body tapers to the rear section. swept-back. high-mounted on the fuselage with blunt tips. Sweptback. stepped fairing in the leading edge. Mid-mounted. USER COUNTRY USA .Wings. Teardrop-shaped with a rounded nose. Bubble canopy. Two turbojets mounted on body midsection. Exhausts are in the trailing edges of the wing roots. and tapered with blunt tips. Fuselage.

06 m ). TA-7H and A-7K--two. 8 in (11. gun pods. One.8 m). CAS. Su-17 Fitter. Role. Crew. missiles. cannon. rockets. Armament. Dimensions. F-16 Fighting Falcon.A-7 CORSAIR II (VOUGHT) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Bombs. G-91Y. Similar Aircraft. Length: 46 ft (14. USA. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Span: 38 ft. Attack.

Fuselage. Sawtooth in the leading edges on some models. One turbofan inside the body. Portugal. thick body with rounded nose and blunt tail section. Tail. with a positive slant. High-mounted. Bubble canopy is located well forward on the nose. USER COUNTRIES Greece. oval air intake under a round nose. The fin is sweptback with a curved tip. and tapered with blunt tips and a negative slant. Single exhaust.Wings. Engine(s). swept-back and tapered. . Flats mid-mounted on the body. Wide. swept-back. USA.

6 in (17. One. USA. None. rockets. Crew. CAS. Hellfire missiles.A-10A THUNDERBOLT II (FAIRCHILD REPUBLIC) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Armament. Span: 57 ft. Dimensions. Similar Aircraft. 4 in (16. gun pods. but compare with the Su-25 Frogfoot. 30-mm cannon.54 m). Length: 53 ft. bombs.27 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . ground attack. Role.

unequally tapered fins extend above and below the tail flat. tapered rear. Tail. Two tail fins on the tips of a rectangular tail flat. Rounded nose. curled under tips. Landing gear pods are under the wings. and equally tapered from the wheel pods to the blunt. Low-mounted on the fuselage. Flat is low-mounted on a sharply tapered rear fuselage. . Engine(s). mounted high on the rear of the body between the wings and the tail section.Wings. Fuselage. Protrusion in the left side of the nose section is the 30-mm GAU-8 cannon. bubble canopy. USER COUNTRY USA. Two turbofan engines in pods. untapered to the wheel pods.

WEFT DESCRIPTION .B. minigun.326. Light-attack. Two. 9 in (10. Hawk. gun pods. Armament. Similar Aircraft. Role. forward air control.A-37 DRAGONFLY (CESSNA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. M.32 m). 3 in (8. Bombs. Crew.B. M. observation. Span: 33 ft. Dimensions.339. reconnaissance. Galeb-Jastreb. USA. Length: 29 ft. rockets.94 m).

Wings. Flattened. El Salvador. . Mid-mounted. Flats mid. Engine(s). Dominican Republic. Peru. Vietnam. USER COUNTRIES Chile. Tail. Small semicircular air intakes and round exhausts are located in the wing roots. Fuselage. oval front section tapered to the rear. Colombia. Two turbojets mounted internally. Honduras. Uruguay. straight leading edge. and slight forward taper in the trailing edge with square tips (generally fuel tanks). Thailand. Fin is tapered with a blunt tip and a small fairing in the leading edge. Ecuador. Guatemala. South Korea. Bubble canopy. USA. Panama.to low-mounted on the fin. equally tapered with blunt tips.

Armament.14 m). Role. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Hawk. Length: 40 ft. missiles. DORNIER) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. Gun pods. advanced trainer. bombs. Dimensions. Light-attack.ALPHA JET (DASSAULT-BREGUET. Mirage F1.3 m). AMX. Two. Crew. Span: 30 ft (9. AV-8B Harrier II. 3 in (12. Similar Aircraft. rockets. Germany. France.

Wings. High-mounted. Egypt. Swept-back and tapered tail fin with a clipped tip. Tail. Portugal. Fuselage. swept-back. . Two-seat cockpit with a bubble canopy. Togo. and tapered with curved tips and negative slant. Germany. Cameroon. Nigeria. France. Ivory Coast. Two alongside the body under the wings. pointed nose and tail. Exhausts are at the rear of the wings’ trailing edges. Oval-shaped air intakes forward of the wings’ leading edges. Slender. Morocco. USER COUNTRIES Belgium. Qatar. Swept-back and tapered tail flats mid-mounted on the body with a negative slant and square tips. Engine(s).

Armament. AV-8B Harrier II. Role. One. Length: 44 ft. Alpha Jet. AERMACCHI. Bombs. ASMs. Dimensions.84 m). rockets. fighter. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Similar Aircraft. cluster bombs. Italy. AAMs. 6 in (13. Brazil.AMX (AERITALIA. EMBRAER) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. Span: 29 ft (8. Light bomber. Crew.58 m). Mirage F1.

and tapered with square tips (AAMs usually mounted). Swept-back and tapered fin with a blunt tip. Engine(s). Body widens at the air intakes and tapers to the rear section. . swept-back.Wings. Single exhaust. High-mounted. USER COUNTRIES Brazil. Tail. Pointed nose and bubble canopy. One turbofan inside body. Italy. Two air intakes forward of the wing roots. swept-back. Fuselage. and tapered with blunt tips. Flats mid-mounted on fuselage.

USA. VSTOL fighter. 4 in (14. Length: 46 ft. Span: 30 ft. Armament. AMX. Dimensions. CAS. 4 in (9. Similar Aircraft. bombs.AV-8B HARRIER II (McDONNELL DOUGLAS.25 m). gun pods.13 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Yak-38 Forger. Mirage F1. UK. One. BAe) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. rockets. Cannon. missiles. Crew. Role.

Large. Spain. Thick. Pointed nose and bubble canopy. Fin swept-back and tapered with curved tip. High-mounted. Tail flats high-mounted on fuselage are swept-back with a negative slant and blunt tips. rounded. Italy. semicircular air intakes that give the body a rounded appearance from the head-on view. Fuselage. UK. Small step in the leading edge. and tapering to a slender tail. negative slant and blunt tips. Tail. swept-back. One vectored thrust turbofan mounted in the body. Engine(s). and tapered. USER COUNTRIES India.Wings. USA. Pointed rear tail cone. .

missiles.BUCCANEER (HAWKER SIDDELEY) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. Two. Crew. Bombs (internal and under wings). F-4 Phantom. AV-8 Harrier. Span: 44 ft (13. 5 in (19. Role. UK. Length: 63 ft. reconnaissance. gun pods. Similar Aircraft. Jaguar.34 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION .5 m). rockets. Armament. Maritime duties.

Circular air intakes below the canopy. Exhausts at rear of the trailing edges of the wings. Flats swept-back and tapered with square tips. high-mounted on a swept-back tail fin forming a T. Tail. Engine(s). Two mounted alongside the fuselage in the wing roots. Tail cone extends beyond the tail. Mid-mounted.Wings. Large bubble canopy. UK. USER COUNTRIES South Africa. Fuselage. and tapered with square tips. wide wing roots. swept-back. Bulging midsection and a pointed nose. .

Role. Length: 50 ft. missiles. Hunter. rockets. Armament. Fighter-attack.DRAKEN (SAAB) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Similar Aircraft.5 m). One. reconnaissance. 10 in (9. 4 in (15. cannon.5 m). Crew. Bombs. Span: 30 ft. Sweden. Dimensions.

swept-back. Large. tapered tail fin with square tip mounted on the dorsal spine. single exhaust. Sweden. Oval air intakes in the leading edges of the wing roots. Large. Fuselage. Engine(s). One turbojet located inside the body. USER COUNTRIES Austria. Long. pointed nose and a bubble canopy mounted forward of the air intakes. Tail. double-delta extending from the canopy to the tail section. No tail flat. Denmark. . Tubular body blending into the delta wings. Mid-mounted. Finland.Wings.

AAMs. Cannon. Armament. 8 in (17. Role.86 m). ASMs. CAS. Similar Aircraft. T-2 trainer--two. rocket pods. Span: 26 ft (7. One. Yak-38 Forger. Dimensions. Crew. Japan. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Super Etendard. fighter. Mirage F1. bombs. Length: 58 ft.9 m).F-1 (MITSUBISHI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.

tapering to the rear. Tapers to the rear. Flats high-mounted on the tapered fuselage. and tapered with square tips and a negative slant. . Semicircular air intakes well forward of the wing roots. swept-back. swept-back. High-mounted. Fuselage. and tapered with square tips. slender with sharply pointed nose. Engine(s).Wings. USER COUNTRY Japan. Two turbofans. Tail. Back-tapered fin with square tip. Negative slant. Long. Bubble canopy that blends with a tapered dorsal spine behind the cockpit. Exhausts flare outward at the forward bottom of the overhanging tail section. Sawtooth in leading edges.

7 m). Crew.F-4 PHANTOM II (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Length: 63 ft (18.77 m). Role. USA. Super Etendard. bombs. Armament. missiles. rockets. Span: 38 ft. 5 in (11. Fighter-bomber. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Two. CAS. Dimensions. Buccaneer. Similar Aircraft. Jaguar. Cannon. A-4 Skyhawk. ECM. reconnaissance.

and semidelta with square tips. USER COUNTRIES Egypt. Israel. Fuselage. Turkey. South Korea. Engine(s). Low-mounted. and a bubble cockpit. Tail. . Positive slanted wing tips. Germany. Flats are mid-mounted on the body. Rectangular midsection. Iran. Greece. Twin exhausts beneath a large overhanging rear section. pointed droopy nose. There is a sawtooth in leading edges of the wings.Wings. USA. Japan. delta-shaped with a negative slant. swept-back. Two engines inside the body with rectangular air intakes alongside the body in front of the wings. Sharply back-tapered fin with a square tip.

CAS. Cannons. USA. F-104 Starfighter. 8 in (8. Armament. One. F-5F and T-38 Talon--two. Dimensions. Similar Aircraft. Role. Crew. M. Hawk. rockets. Yak-38 Forger.339. Span: 26 ft. Length: 48 ft (14.F-5 FREEDOM FIGHTER/TIGER II (NORTHROP) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. bombs.65 m). Fighter-bomber.B. WEFT DESCRIPTION .14 m).

South Korea. Bubble canopy. Mexico. Malaysia. Norway. Indonesia. Singapore. Jordan. . Switzerland. Sudan. Kenya. Morocco. Iran. Turkey. USER COUNTRIES Bahrain. long.Wings. Philippines. Tunisia. Canada. Fuselage. Spain. Engine(s). Brazil. Fin is large and equally tapered with a square tip. Low-mounted. Tail. Thailand. Greece. semicircular air intakes forward of the wing roots. drooping pointed nose. Honduras. Saudi Arabia. Bottom is flat from the air intakes to the dual exhausts. Flats are low-mounted and unequally tapered. stubby. Chile. Missiles or fuel tanks are normally carried on the square tips. North Yemen. Shotgun exhausts. and unequally tapered. Taiwan. Venezuela. Two engines inside the body. Bullet-shaped.

Mirage F1. Cannon. One. Dimensions. missiles. USA. Similar Aircraft. Role. Length: 47 ft. Armament. Multirole ground-attack/fighter. Span: 31 ft (9. F/A-18 Hornet.F-16 FIGHTING FALCON (GENERAL DYNAMICS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.54 m).46 m). F-16B--two. MiG-29 Fulcrum. Crew. bombs. 8 in (14. WEFT DESCRIPTION .

USA. Portugal. Singapore. One in body. Tail. Egypt. slender body. USER COUNTRIES Bahrain. Swept-back. Missiles are normally mounted at the wing tips. tapered fin with square tip. Pakistan. Long. South Korea. Bubble canopy. Greece. Single exhaust. Oval air intake under the center of the fuselage. delta-shaped. Pointed nose. delta-shaped with square tips. Flats mid-mounted on the fuselage. Mid-mounted. Israel. Indonesia. Two belly fins. and a slight negative slant. Venezuela.Wings. Engine(s). Fuselage. Denmark. Belgium. Taiwan. . Thailand. Turkey. Netherlands. widens at air intake. Norway.

rockets. US Marine Corps fighter. Dimensions. Length: 56 ft (17. MiG-29 Fulcrum. Cannon. One. missiles. Armament. Span: 37 ft. TF/A-18--two. Similar Aircraft.08 m). Role.44 m). Crew. Su-27 Flanker. F-15 Eagle. 6 in (11. USA. strike. bombs. F-16 Fighting Falcon.F/A-18 HORNET (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION .

Two turbofans mounted in the aircraft rear section. Mid-mounted. Fuselage. USA. Spain.Wings. USER COUNTRIES Australia. Missiles are usually on square tips. Oval air intakes under the wings. Bubble canopy. Engine(s). Twin. and tapered tail fins mounted forward on the fuselage. Malaysia. semidelta with prominent leading edge root extension on sides of fuselage from the wing to the front of the cockpit. Aircraft widens at the air intakes and tapers to the rear. Swept-back and tapered tail flats mid-mounted on the body. swept-back. pointed nose. Finland. . Barrel-shaped with solid. Kuwait. Canada. Tail. Fins have an outward tilt.

fighter.F-104 STARFIGHTER (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. Cannon. Similar Aircraft. F/A-18 Hornet. One. F-5 Freedom Fighter. bombs. Length: 54 ft. reconnaissance. USA. Span: 22 ft (6. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Crew.7 m). Armament. Role. All-weather tactical strike.7 m). missiles. 9 in (16.

Unequally tapered tail fin. Mid-mounted. One turbojet in midsection of the body. Italy. Sharp-pointed nose. Missiles or fuel tanks at the square tips.Wings. Semicircular air intakes forward of the wings’ leading edges. Tail flats are equally tapered with square tips mounted high on the tail fin forming a T. Bubble canopy. equally tapered. Engine(s). Fuselage. Turkey. thickens at the air intakes. Greece. . About 1/3 of the fin overhangs the exhaust. Tail. USER COUNTRIES Germany. Taiwan. Long and slender. with a negative slant.

bomber. (SRAMs.3 m). Tornado. MiG-27 Flogger D. Dimensions. attack. USA. Span: 63 ft (19. Two. ALCMs). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Cannon. bombs. Su-24 Fencer. Armament.F-111 AARDVARK (GENERAL DYNAMICS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Length: 73 ft. 6 in (22.5 m). Similar Aircraft. Crew. missiles. Role. All-weather strike.

High-mounted. giving the aircraft a rounded appearance. Long. . Two jet engines mounted inside the rear section. square tip. Fuselage.Wings. sharp-pointed nose. widens at the air intakes. Tail. and continues through the rear section. Large swept-back fin covering 1/3 of the body. High-mounted. Twin exhausts. Engine(s). swept-back flats with square tips. swept-back. Tail fin splits the dual exhaust. USER COUNTRIES Australia. and tapered with blunt tips (wingspan changes in flight). Flush canopy. USA. variable. The intakes are 1/4 pie-shaped under the wings.

WEFT DESCRIPTION . missiles.2 m). Span: 43 ft. Defense suppression. precision bombing against high-priority targets. None. One. Armament. Crew. Length: 65 ft. Dimensions. Bombs. 4 in (13.08 m). USA.F-117A NIGHT HAWK (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. 11 in (20. Similar Aircraft.

swept-back. Stepped-up cockpit. Narrow slotted “platypus” exhausts. . Pyramid and faceted appearance. Sharp. Low-mounted. Sharply swept-back and tapered. Rectangular. Tail. Two turbofans mounted inside the body. Engine(s). V-configured tail fins with square tips.Wings. Fuselage. pointed nose. No tail flats. USER COUNTRY USA. overwing air intakes. and tapered with square tips.

Q-5 (NANCHANG) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Length: 54 ft. Role. Similar Aircraft.8 m). Span: 31 ft. Crew. Armament. Rockets. missiles. 10 in (16. One. Fighter-bomber. Yak-38 Forger. Dimensions.74 m). bombs. WEFT DESCRIPTION . People’s Republic of China. Mirage F1. 10 in (9.FANTAN A. Super Etendard.

Sharply swept-back tail fin with blunt tip. Two turbojets are located inside the body. and tapered with blunt tips. USER COUNTRIES Bangladesh. North Korea. People’s Republic of China. Thick. Flats high-mounted on the body. sharply swept-back. and upward taper to the rear section. Semicircular air intakes. flattened. Fuselage. Two exhausts. swept-back.Wings. Engine(s). Tail. Pakistan. . Wing fences. and tapered with square tips. Mid-mounted. Pointed nose. Bubble canopy.

91 Fiat.G. Two 30-mm cannons. One. G. Length: 38 ft. Crew. Span: 29 ft. G.91T--two. Fighter-bomber. Dimensions. 6 in (9 m). rockets. Armament. MiG-17 Fresco.91Y (AERITALIA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 3 in (11. missiles. Role. A-7 Corsair II. reconnaissance.66 m). Similar Aircraft. bombs. F-16 Fighting Falcon. WEFT DESCRIPTIONS . Italy.

Dual exhaust.91R). and tapered tail flats.91R). Tail. USER COUNTRIES Angola(G. swept-back. Portugal(G. Swept-back and tapered tail fin with a blunt tip. Fuselage. Flat and thick with a pointed nose. Germany(G. Oval air intake beneath the nose section. . and tapered with blunt tips. Two turbojets mounted in the fuselage. swept-back. High-mounted on body. Low-mounted. Bubble canopy well forward on the nose section. Italy.91R).Wings. Engine(s).

GALEB/JASTREB (SOKO) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. M. Yugoslavia. Machine guns.B. Role. 326. 339A. bombs. Light-attack. M. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Span: 34 ft. Similar Aircraft. Length: 34 ft (10. Crew. One. Armament.36 m).48 m). 4 in (10.B. rockets. Dimensions.

Fuel tanks are generally mounted at the square tips. equally tapered with square tips. Burma(Super Galeb). tapered to the rear. Engine(s). Yugoslavia. . and below. Rear of canopy is flush with the dorsal spine. Zambia. Rounded. Libya. Flats low-mounted on the tail fin. USER COUNTRIES Bosnia-Herzogovina. the canopy. Fuselage. Fin swept-back and tapered with a blunt tip. Semicircular air intakes alongside the body extending from the rear of. and round nose.Wings. One turbojet inside body. Bubble canopy. Tail. Low-mounted and slightly tapered.

Light-attack. Crew. Armament. gun packs. F-5 Freedom Fighter. Dimensions.326. Bombs. M. rockets.42 m). UK. Similar Aircraft. AMX. WEFT DESCRIPTION .B. Alpha Jet.HAWK (BAe) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Length: 39 ft (11. Role. Span: 31 ft (9. Two.94 m). trainer.

. and tapered. Saudi Arabia. Flats are high-mounted on the fuselage. swept-back. UK. South Korea. Club-shaped with pointed nose and a taper to the rear. Kenya. Tail. Engine(s). Swept-back and tapered fin with a curved tip. USER COUNTRIES Brunei. One turbofan located inside the body. Malaysia. Fuselage. and tapered with curved tips. Single exhaust. Finland. Low-mounted.Wings. Semicircular air intakes alongside the body forward of the wing roots. Kuwait. United Arab Emirates. Indonesia. swept-back. Bubble canopy. USA (T-45 Goshawk). Oman.

Length: 51 ft (15. trainer. bombs.54 m). Cannon. France. Mitsubishi F-1. BAe) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. rockets. Dimensions.JAGUAR (BREGUET. F-4 Phantom II. UK. Span: 28 ft (8. Similar Aircraft. Role. Armament. MiG-27 Flogger. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Crew. missiles. trainer--two.54 m). One. fighter. AMX. Strike.

France.Wings. and modified delta with blunt tips. swept-back. Two belly fins. India. Two turbofans mounted to the rear of the cockpit. Oman. Tail flats and fin are swept-back and tapered with square tips. Flats are mid-mounted on the fuselage with a negative slant. Tail. Engine exhausts show prominently under the forward portion of the tail. USER COUNTRIES Ecuador. High-mounted. Engine(s). Body widens at the air intakes rectangular to the exhausts. . Rectangular air intakes on sides of cockpit. Bubble canopy. chiseled nose. pointed. Overhanging tail section. UK. Fuselage. Long. Nigeria.

Ground-attack. Viggen. Mirage 2000. interceptor. rockets.24 m). 8 in (16. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Similar Aircraft.KFIR (IAI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.36 m). trainer--two. Role. Armament. 30-mm cannons. Span: 27 ft (8. missiles. bombs. Dimensions. Length: 53 ft. One. Mirage III/5. Crew. Israel.

. USA. single exhaust. Fuselage. Small canards are mounted on the air intakes. Israel.Wings. No tail flats. Low-mounted. One turbojet inside fuselage. Engine(s). delta-shaped with a sawtooth in the leading edges. Ecuador. Large. solid. Tail. Fin is swept-back and tapered with a prominent step in the leading edge. Semicircular air intakes alongside the fuselage. Tube-shaped with long. Body widens at the air intakes. Bubble canopy flush with the spine. pointed nose. USER COUNTRIES Colombia.

Crew. bombs. WEFT DESCRIPTION . light-attack. Pod-mounted gun pack. Two. Trainer. Czechoslovakia. Similar Aircraft. Dimensions. Span: 31 ft (9.L-39 ALBATROSS (AERO) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Hawk.4 m). Armament. 8 in (12.1 m). Length: 39 ft. Galeb/Jastreb. Role. rockets.

Flats are high-mounted on the fuselage. Czech Republic. Slovakia. Romania. tapering to the front and rear. equally tapered with blunt tips. Nicaragua. Fuselage. Engine(s).Wings. Libya. Tube-shaped. Small. single exhaust. One turbofan inside body. Egypt. equally tapered with wing tip tanks. Lithuania. Pointed nose and bubble canopy. Swept-back and tapered fin with a blunt tip. Nigeria. Air intakes are semicircular and high-mounted on the fuselage aft of the cockpit. . Low-mounted. USER COUNTRIES Algeria. Tail.

Length: 33 ft (10. 5 in (11. rockets. trainer. bombs. Crew. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Role. Span: 37 ft.06 m).4 m). 170 (AEROSPATIALE) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Armament. M. Light-attack. 337.MAGISTER CM. Similar Aircraft. Two. M. Missiles.B. Dimensions. France.B. 326. machine guns.

Rounded nose and long. Senegal. Small exhausts located just forward of the tail section. Gabon. Cameroon. and tapered to rear. bubble canopy.Wings. USER COUNTRIES Belgium. Morocco. back-tapered with blunt tips. Fuselage. Slender. Engine(s). tubular. Libya. Tail. V-shaped tail fins that also serve as tail flats. . Togo. Semicircular air intakes mounted in the wing roots. Fuel tanks are usually at the square tips. Two turbojets mounted on sides of fuselage. Mid-mounted and back-tapered.

66 m).M. missiles. gun pods. bombs. Dimensions. 326 (AERMACCHI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.B. Length: 35 ft (10. Crew. Light-attack. Armament. Galeb/Jastreb. trainer. A-37 Dragonfly. Italy. trainer--two.B. One. 7 in (10. Similar Aircraft. M. Rockets. Hawk. Role. WEFT DESCRIPTION .86 m). Span: 35 ft. 339A.

Zambia. Tubular. United Arab Emirates. Ghana. One turbojet mounted inside the body. Tunisia. back-tapered leading edges. Low-mounted and back-tapered leading edge with square tips. Flats high-mounted on the body. . Fuselage. and blunt tips. USER COUNTRIES Australia. Tail. Tapered pods mounted on square wing tips. Brazil. Fin is swept-back and tapered with a square tip. Single exhaust protruding past tail section. Round air intakes in wing roots. Engine(s). tapers to rear.Wings. Paraguay. Round nose and a bubble canopy. Zaire. Togo.

98 m). Crew. minigun.B. Bombs. Hawk. Role. 326.M. Dimensions. ECM. 339K--one. ground-attack.86 m). A-37 Dragonfly. 8 in (10. M. Similar Aircraft. gun pods. missiles. 339A (AERMACCHI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Galeb-Jastreb. Armament. rockets. Span: 35 ft. Two.B. Trainer. Length: 36 ft (10. Italy.

Fuselage. Flats high-mounted on the fuselage with tapered leading edges and blunt tips. Engine(s).Wings. Italy. tapered to the front and to the rear. Single exhaust protrudes past tail. United Arab Emirates. One turbojet inside the body. New Zealand. Low-mounted with back-tapered leading edge and straight trailing edge. . Malaysia. Nigeria. Ghana. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. bubble canopy and a curved dorsal spine. Peru. Positive slant. Fin is swept-back and tapered with a blunt tip. Tubular. Oval air intakes in wing roots. Tail. Fuel tanks are usually at the square tips. Long.

Role.91Y.64 m).MiG-17 FRESCO (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. One.1 m). CIS (formerly USSR). WEFT DESCRIPTION . 7 in (9. Crew. Dimensions. rockets. Su-17 Fitter. Fighter-bomber. MiG-19 Farmer. Span: 31 ft. G. Armament. bombs. Length: 36 ft. 5 in (11. Similar Aircraft. Three 23-mm cannons. MiG-21 Fishbed.

People’s Republic of China (J-5). Ethiopia. thick. Angola. Tail. Vietnam. Tanzania. Somalia. Mali. Sudan. round air intake in the nose. Fin is swept-back and tapered with rounded tip. swept-back.Wings. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. Albania. Mid-mounted. Cuba. Flats and fin overhang the exhaust. Engine(s). swept-back. One turbojet inside the body. Algeria. Romania. Guinea Republic. Single. Short. South Yemen. (J-5). Guinea-Bissau. Sri Lanka. and tapered. cigar-shaped. Fuselage. Congo. North Yemen. and tapered with blunt tips. tapered to the rear. Blunt nose and bubble canopy. Wide wing roots. Flats are high-mounted on the tail fin. Madagascar. Mongolia. North Korea. small exhaust. .

interceptor. One. Armament. Cannon.16 m). Span: 23 ft. Ground-attack. 8 in (15. MiG-21U Mongol--two. A-4 Skyhawk. 5 in (7. trainer. WEFT DESCRIPTION . CIS (formerly USSR).MiG-21 FISHBED (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. Mirage III/5. Length: 51 ft. all models. Crew. rockets. bombs. Fitters. Similar Aircraft.78 m). Dimensions. missiles.

and tapered with square tips. Bangladesh. Croatia. Zimbebwe. Pakistan (J-7). Germany. Cuba. Single exhaust. Mongolia. Czech Republic. Small round air intake in the nose. Fin swept-back and tapered with a square tip. North Korea. Fuselage. Sri Lanka. 5-60 . North Yemen. Bulgaria. Engine(s). Hungary. Azerbiajan. Yugoslavia. Iran. Mid-mounted delta wing with small square tips. Syria. Long. Laos. Algeria. South Yemen. Gunea Republic. Angola. Congo.Wings. Cambodia. Ethiopia. Finland. Zambia. Egypt. Mozambique. Tanzania. Burma. One belly fin under the rear section. Nigeria. Sudan. Flats are mid-mounted on the body. Madagascar. Iraq. Albania (J-7). Tail. Kazakhstan. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. One turbojet inside the body. Poland. Large dorsal spine flush with the canopy. Libya. India. swept-back. Mali. People’s Republic of China (J-7). Vietnam. tubular body with a blunt nose and bubble canopy. Romania. Slovakia.

One. Span: 46 ft. Armament. Missiles. fighter. Mirage F1. 9 in (14. Jaguar. bombs.MiG-27 FLOGGER D. Role. Dimensions. cannon. Crew.26 m). Ground-attack. Length: 55 ft (16. Super Etendard. Su-24 Fencer.6 m). MiG-23 Flogger B/E/G. Similar Aircraft. rockets. . Tornado. F-111. J (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. CIS (formerly USSR).

Engine(s). downwardsloping. Long and tubular. CIS. Rectangular box-like air intakes forward of the wing roots. . and tapered belly fin under the rear section. Swept-back and tapered tail fin with curved dorsal in leading edge and angular tip. swept-back. India. Single exhaust. sharply pointed nose. One inside the body. Long. and tapered with blunt tips. High-mounted. Fuselage. swept-back.WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. except where air intakes give a box-like appearance. Large. variable. Kazakhstan. Stepped canopy. Tail. Swept-back and tapered flats high-mounted on the fuselage with angular tips. USER COUNTRIES Belarus.

7 in (10. Span: 33 ft. CIS (formerly USSR). 30-mm gun. Armament. F/A-18 Hornet. Crew.26 m). One.6 m).MiG-29 FULCRUM (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 10 in (15. Role. Dimensions. Attack. Su-27 Flanker. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Missiles. Length: 50 ft. counterair fighter. F-16 Fighting Falcon. Similar Aircraft. F-15 Eagle.

and the wings’ trailing edges end at a high-mounted point. Poland. LERX begins on the nose below the mid-mount point. Swept-back and tapered with square tips. Iran. Twin jets are mounted low and to the sides of the fuselage. Hungary. Fuselage. canted outward with angular. Malasia. pointed drooping nose. High-mounted bubble canopy. Romania. Slovakia. Czech Republic. thin. slender body with long. cutoff tips. LERXs are wide and curved down to the front. Flats are highmounted on the fuselage. USER COUNTRIES Belarus. Muldova. Tail. Syria. Bulgaria. Cuba. swept-back. Ukraine. . Engine(s).Wings. Iraq. movable. CIS. Fins have sharply tapered leading edges. and tapered with a negative slant. Diagonal-shaped air intakes give a box-like appearance. Large exhausts. North Korea. India. Germany. Yugoslavia. Long.

Dimensions. Viggen. Length: Mirage III: 49 ft. reconnaissance. MiG-21 Fishbed. Armament. Fantan A.55 m). trainer--two. Similar Aircraft. Ground-attack. Role. France.24 m). 30-mm cannon. Crew. Span: 27 ft (8.02 m). Kfir C-2. fighter. Mirage 5: 51 ft (15. One. A-4 Skyhawk.MIRAGE III/5 (DASSAULT-BREGUET) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. rockets. WEFT DESCRIPTION . bombs. 3 in (15.

and tapered tail fin with a square tip. Engine(s). No tail flats. Fuselage. Semicircular air intakes are forward of the wing roots below the canopy. Venezuela (Mirage 50). Zaire. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Chile (Mirage 5 and 50). Gabon. slender. Pakistan. Lebanon. swept-back. Peru. Brazil. and tubular with a pointed nose and a bubble cockpit. Switzerland. Large. . Tail. Libya. Egypt.Wings. One turbojet inside fuselage. single exhaust. Low-mounted delta wing with pointed tips. Long. Large. France. South Africa. Colombia.

Similar Aircraft.MIRAGE F1 (DASSAULT-BREGUET) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. France. Length: 49 ft (14. Two 30-mm cannons. One. missiles. Mitsubishi F-1. Armament. Super Etendard. Dimensions. AV-8B Harrier II. Role. bombs. reconnaissance.4 m).94 m). Span: 27 ft. 7 in (8. Fantan A. WEFT DESCRIPTION . fighter. Attack. Crew. trainer--two.

Long. pointed nose and a blunt tail. Tail. and tapered. Libya. South Africa. Semicircular air intakes alongside the body forward of the wing roots. Qatar. Jordan. Two small belly fins under the tail section. High-mounted. Greece. Iran.Wings. Kuwait. Spain. USER COUNTRIES France. Iraq. Morocco. slender. One turbojet in the body. Bubble canopy. swept-back. . Missiles are usually mounted at the wing tips. and tapered with blunt tips. Single exhaust. Fuselage. Swept-back and tapered fin with a blunt tip. swept-back. Flats are mid-mounted on the fuselage. Engine(s).

Role. bombs. Span: 27 ft. One. Length: 23 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Machine guns.260W (SIAI-MARCHETTI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aircraft. Armament. Crew. rockets. 3 in (7 m). trainer--either two or three. Italy. 5 in (8. PC-7. Dimensions. light-attack. O-1 Bird Dog.SF. Trainer.36 m).

Tail. Flats mid-mounted on the fuselage and back-tapered with blunt tips. United Arab Emirates. Burundi. One piston engine mounted in the nose section.Wings. Singapore. Long. . Nicaragua. tapers to the rear. Burkina Faso. Fin is swept-back and tapered with a square tip. USER COUNTRIES Brunai. Zambia. Engine(s). bubble canopy. Fuselage. Philippines. Low-mounted and forward-tapered with fuel tanks mounted on the square tips. Tunisia. Chad. Sri Lanka. Libya. Oval.

Crew. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament.Su-7B FITTER A (SUKHOI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Two 30-mm cannon. Length: 57 ft (17. MiG-21 Fishbed. Lightning. Role. One. bombs. Span: 29 ft.38 m). 3 in (9 m). Similar Aircraft. Dimensions. Ground-attack. rockets. CIS (formerly USSR). F-100 Super Sabre.

North Korea. bubble canopy.Wings.to low-mounted (wings are mounted below center of aircraft) with wide wing roots. Bangladesh. Tail. Mid. Czech Republic. Large. Swept-back and tapered flats mid. Engine(s). Circular air intake in the nose. Algeria. One in the body.to low-mounted on the fuselage. tubular body with blunt nose and rear. Large. sweptback. single exhaust. Fuselage. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. and tapered with blunt tips. South Yemen. . Swept-back and tapered tail fin with a blunt tip. Long.

missiles. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Dimensions. Similar Aircraft.76 m). A-7 Corsair II. Su-7 Fitter. Crew. Ground-attack. Role. rockets. Span: 45 ft (13. Armament.Su-17. G. One.-20. MiG-21 Fishbed.8 m). Length: 61 ft.91Y. CIS (formerly USSR).-22 FITTER (SUKHOI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Cannon. bombs. 6 in (18.

tubular with blunt nose and rear section. single exhaust. Large. Germany. Tail. Belarus. Prominent dorsal spine on top of the body from the cockpit to the tail fin. Large bubble canopy. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. Hungary. CIS. Wide wing roots. Azerbaijan. Bulgaria.to low-mounted on the fuselage sweptback and tapered. Vietnam. Circular air intake in the nose. Engine(s). South Yemen. Peru. Swept-back and tapered fin with a square tip. and tapered with blunt tips.Wings.to low-mounted (wings are mounted below the center). Long. Slovakia. . Poland. Mid. Fuselage. Czech Republic. Iraq. Syria. Iran. One turbojet in the fuselage. Flats mid. variable. Algeria. swept-back. North Yemen. Libya.

bombs. MiG-23/-27 Flogger. All-weather attack. Armament. F-111. Similar Aircraft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . strike. Two. fighter-bomber. Role.26 m). Tornado. Span: 56 ft. CIS (formerly USSR). Dimensions. Length: 69 ft. F-14 Tomcat. Crew. 6 in (20 m). Cannon. F-15 Eagle. missiles.Su-24 FENCER (SUKHOI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 6 in (17.

Twin turbofans. Iran. Kazakhstan. solid nose. Air intakes are tapered away from the body. Flats are high-mounted on the fuselage. Twin exhausts. Two belly fins. variable. rectangular-shaped. swept-back. Belarus.Wings. and tapered with angular tips. with pointed. Syria. Fin swept-back and tapered with square tip. and rectangular-shaped body from the air intakes to the exhausts. four pylons. and mounted on the body forward of the wings’ leading edges. Bubble canopy. swept-back. High-mounted. Tail. Fuselage. and tapered. Long. Dorsal spine extends from the cockpit to the tail. . Ukraine. CIS. USER COUNTRIES Azerbaijan. Libya. Engine(s). slender.

Similar Aircraft. 10 in (15.6 m). ground-attack. CIS (formerly USSR).6 m). A-10A Thunderbolt II. A-6 Intruder. Cannon missiles. AMX. rockets. Alpha Jet. Dimensions. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Role. Length: 47 ft. Jaguar. Armament. Crew. Magister.Su-25 FROGFOOT (SUKHOI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Span: 50 ft. 6 in (14. CAS. bombs. One.

Exhausts to the rear of the wings’ trailing edges. Belarus. Ukraine.Wings. Hungary. slender. Tail. Stepped canopy. Slovakia. CIS. Semicircular air intakes forward of the wings’ leading edges. Two turbojets mounted alongside the body under the wings. Flats mid-mounted on the fuselage. High-mounted and back-tapered with straight trailing edges. USER COUNTRIES Angola. Long. Azerbaijan. Engine(s). unequally tapered with blunt tips. . Pods mounted at the square tips. Bulgaria. Georgia. Body tapers to the rear section that overhangs the exhausts. North Korea. Fuselage. rounded nose. Swept-back and tapered fin with a square tip. Czech Republic. Iran. Iraq.

Yak-38 Forger. Length: 47 ft (14. Armament. fighter. Crew. 6 in (9. WEFT DESCRIPTION . One.SUPER ETENDARD (DASSAULT-BREGUET) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. bombs.62 m). Span: 31 ft. France. Mirage F1. Similar Aircraft. cannon. Mitsubishi F-1. Missiles. Fantan A.34 m). Role. Strike. Dimensions.

and tapered tail fin with curved tip. Flats are low. . Single exhaust. USER COUNTRY Argentina. Semicircular air intakes below the canopy. One turbojet inside the body. Bubble canopy well forward on the nose. and tapered with blunt tips. Fuselage. Engine(s). and tapered with blunt tips. swept-back. Tail. swept-back. Mid-mounted. swept-back.Wings. Sawtooth in the leading edges.to mid-mounted on the tail fin. pointed nose. Large. Body bulges at the air intakes and tapers to the rear. France. Long. Dorsal spine extends from the cockpit to midbody.

F-15 Eagle. Role. Dimensions. Armament. Length: 55 ft. Italy. UK.8 m). Similar Aircraft. Missiles. BAe) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. F-111. Crew. rockets. Germany. Two. 7 in (14 m). Span: 45 ft. F-14 Tomcat.TORNADO IDS (AERITALIA. 9 in (16. Interdictor strike. WEFT DESCRIPTION . MiG-23/-27 Flogger. cannon. MBB. bombs. Su-24 Fencer.

Two turbofans in body. Engine(s). Twin exhausts. UK. swept-back. Tail. Body thickens at the midsection and tapers to the tail section. Italy. variable. and tapered with angular blunt tips. USER COUNTRIES Germany. swept-back. Air intakes are diagonal and box-like alongside the fuselage forward of the wing roots. Saudi Arabia. and tapered fin with blunt tip and a step in the leading edge. High-mounted. Tall. Fuselage. swept-back. . midmounted on the body. Solid needle nose.Wings. Flats are large. and tapered with angular blunt tips. Bubble canopy.

7 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . gun pods. Mirage III/5.4 m). 9 in (10. trainer--two. Similar Aircraft. 6 in (16. Sweden. Role. Dimensions. bombs. Multirole. Kfir. One. fighter. Span: 34 ft. Cannon. missiles. Armament. rockets.VIGGEN AJ-37 (SAAB) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Length: 53 ft. Crew.

unequally tapered fin with a small. Small belly fin. single exhaust. extending from the body midsection to the exhaust. Fuselage. One turbofan in the body. Large. clipped tip. delta-shaped. Small. Main wings are low-mounted. . solid nose. No tail flats. Tail.Wings. Engine(s). USER COUNTRY Sweden. clipped delta wings forward of the main wings and high-mounted on the body. Semicircular air intakes just forward and below the secondary wings. Short and wide with pointed. Bubble canopy. Large.

Similar Aircraft. CIS (formerly USSR). reconnaissance. Two. Bombs. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Role. rockets. Length: 70 ft (21.06 m).Yak-28 BREWER (YAKOVLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Crew. Span: 41 ft (12. Armament. ECM. cannons. Il-28 Beagle. Dimensions.36 m). Fighter-bomber.

Bubble canopy. Tail flats mid-mounted on the tail fin. . USER COUNTRY CIS. Fuselage. Pods extend well beyond the wings’ leading and trailing edges. Wide wing roots.Wings. and untapered from the engines to the large blunt tips. glazed nose and is tapered to the rear section. swept-back. Tail. swept-back. High-mounted. Engine(s). Two turbojets in pods under the wings. and tapered with blunt tips. Belly fin under the rear section. Long with pointed. Ukraine. Fin swept-back and tapered with a blunt tip.

Fantan A. Dimensions. VSTOL. Armament. One. missiles. CIS (formerly USSR). WEFT DESCRIPTION . AV-8B Harrier II. 6 in (16 m). strike.5 m). Cannon. 7 in (7. Similar Aircraft. Forger B--two. bombs. Mirage F1. Length: 52 ft. Crew. attack. rockets. fighter. Span: 24 ft.Yak-38 FORGER (YAKOVLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. Super Etendard.

Engine(s). USER COUNTRY CIS. Swept-back and tapered tail fin with square angular tip and a small step in the leading edge. swept-back. Bubble canopy. and tapered with a negative slant. semicircular air intakes below the cockpit well forward of the wings. Large. . delta-shaped with blunt tips and a negative slant. One turbo and two lift jets. Two exhausts on the bottom of the rear fuselage. Long with pointed nose and tapered tail section. Mid-mounted.Wings. Flats are mid-mounted on the body. Tail. Fuselage.

For each aircraft. there are line drawings. and aircraft manufacturer information. photographs. user countries. general data. Line drawings are not to scale. Chapter 6 Aircraft List F-14 Tomcat MiG-25 Foxbat Su-15 Flagon . The following illustration shows fighter aircraft WEFT description features. Their inclusion in this manual is for soldier interest and to cover likely aircraft present in a theater of operation. although some of the aircraft have ground-attack capabilities.CHAPTER 6 Air Superiority and Interceptor Aircraft The normal operating ceiling for most of these aircraft will generally keep them out of range of individual or crew-served weapons. WEFT descriptions.

F-15 Eagle MiG-19 Farmer MiG-23 Flogger B MiG-31 Foxhound Mirage 2000 . Su-27 Flanker Tornado ADV . .

Span: 64 ft (19. F-15 Eagle. Two. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Length: 62 ft (19 m). MiG-29 Fulcrum.54 m). interceptor.F-14 TOMCAT (GRUMMAN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. cannon. Armament. Air superiority fighter. Similar Aircraft. Su-24 Fencer. Crew. Missiles. Su-27 Flanker. Tornado. Dimensions. USA.

tapered. slender. Dual exhausts. and slanted outward. Flats are mid-mounted on the fuselage. Pointed nose. USER COUNTRIES Iran.Wings. . box-like air intakes alongside the fuselage. and tapered. swept-back. Long. Tail. Two turbofans in the fuselage. Bubble canopy. High-mounted. swept-back. variable. swept-back. and box-like from the air intakes to the rear section. Diagonally shaped. Engine(s). and tapered with curved tips. Fuselage. Twin tail fins. USA.

MiG-31 Foxhound.6 m). reconnaissance. Span: 41 ft (12.MiG-25 FOXBAT (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aircraft. Role. F-15 Eagle. WEFT DESCRIPTION . One. F-14 Tomcat. Crew. Dimensions. Length: 70 ft (21.34 m). Armament. Air-to-air missiles. CIS (formerly USSR). Intercepter.

Bulgaria. Box-like from the air intakes to rear section. Dual exhaust. pointed nose. Twin. swept-back. Syria. Flats mid.Wings. and tapered with angular tips. and tapered with square tips. High-mounted. sweptback. Long and slender with solid. Ukraine.to low-mounted on fuselage. Engine(s). Iraq. Large rectangular air intakes below the canopy and forward of the wing roots. and tapered fins with angular tips. USER COUNTRIES Algeria. sweptback. Tail. Belarus. Two turbojets. Fuselage. Bubble canopy. Azerbaijan. . CIS.

gunpack. Armament. Crew. MiG-21 Fishbed. Span: 34 ft. CIS (formerly USSR). Dimensions. Flagon C--two.Su-15 FLAGON (SUKHOI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.7 m). Missiles. One.5 m). Role. Interceptor. air superiority. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Length: 68 ft (20. Similar Aircraft. 5 in (10. Super Etendard.

Ukraine. USER COUNTRY CIS. Two turbojets in the fuselage. Bullet-shaped nose and a bubble canopy. Engine(s).Wings. tapered. Swept-back and tapered fin with a square tip. Rectangular from the air intakes to the tail. Georgia. . Two exhausts. Mid-mounted delta with square tips. Flats are swept-back. and mid-mounted on the fuselage. Fuselage. Tail.

Su-24 Fencer. Tornado. MiG-29 Fulcrum. Dimensions. Role. Span: 42 ft. Missiles. 9 in (19. USA. interceptor. WEFT DESCRIPTION . F-14 Tomcat. cannon.45 m). One.05 m). Crew. Length: 63 ft. Su-27 Flanker. Air superiority fighter. Armament. trainer--two.F-15 EAGLE (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 9 in (13. Similar Aircraft.

straight trailing edges. Diagonally-shaped. box-like center section that tapers slightly to the front and rear. USA.Wings. Two fins with tapered leading edges. Engine(s). swept-back. Tail. pointed nose and a bubble canopy. USER COUNTRIES Israel. and a large sawtooth in the leading edges. Japan. blunt tips. Long. Large. blunt tips. . Fuselage. box-like air intakes alongside the fuselage. and tapered with angular. Flats mid-mounted on the fuselage. Dual exhausts. Two mounted in the rear. and square tips. Saudi Arabia. semidelta with angular. High-mounted.

Dimensions.MiG-19 FARMER (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.1 m). Span: 29 ft. MiG-17 Fresco. capable of attacking ground targets. bombs. Interceptor. Armament. Similar Aircraft. Role. Missiles. CIS (formerly USSR). WEFT DESCRIPTION . 6 in (9 m). Length: 42 ft. cannon. One. Crew. 11 in (13.

Two turbojets mounted inside the body. Dual exhausts. Engine(s). People’s Republic of China (J-6). Egypt. Sudan. Cuba. USER COUNTRIES Albania (J-6). Zambia. Burma (J-6). and tapered with blunt tips. North Korea (J-6). Mid-mounted. Long. Fin sharply swept-back and tapered with blunt tips. Wide wing roots. Cambodia (F-6). Pakistan (J-6). Bangladesh (J-6). round air intake in the nose. Tanzania. Fuselage. Tail. tube-shaped. Flats high-mounted on the fuselage and sweptback with blunt tips. and tapers slightly to the blunt nose and widens to the exhausts. swept-back.Wings. Single. Wing fences. Bubble canopy well forward on the nose. .

Length: 55 ft (16. Crew. F-111. Role. Armament. Span: 46 ft. Su-24 Fencer. 9 in (14.MiG-23 FLOGGER B (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aircraft. One. fighter.26 m). MiG-27 Flogger D. Interceptor. Dimensions. Missiles. cannon. WEFT DESCRIPTION . CIS (formerly USSR). MiG-23U and -23C--two. Tornado.6 m).

Rectangular. Engine(s). swept-back. Fuselage. Romania. Sweptback and tapered flats are high-mounted on the fuselage with angular tips. Stepped canopy. except where intakes give a box-like appearance. Tail. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. Kazakhstan. North Korea. box-like air intakes forward of the wing roots. Hungary. Iraq. Belarus. Algeria. Bulgaria. Long. . Czech Republic. swept-back. Germany. Long and tubular. India. Ukraine. Large. pointed nose. Ethiopia. CIS. Syria. Angola. High-mounted. Sudan.Wings. Vietnam. One turbofan inside the body. Libya. Single exhaust. South Yemen. Poland. Swept-back and tapered tail fin has a curved dorsal in the leading edge and an angular tip. variable. Cuba. and tapered belly fin under the rear section. and tapered with blunt tips.

F-15 Eagle.5 m). air superiority. cannon. Missiles. Length: 70 ft. Armament. Similar Aircraft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . CIS (formerly USSR). Interceptor. 9 in (14 m). Dimensions. Role.MiG-31 FOXHOUND (MIKOYAN-GUREVICH) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. MiG-25 Foxbat. Two. Span: 45 ft. 5 in (21. F-14 Tomcat. Crew.

Rectangular from the intakes to the exhausts. Four underwing pylons.to lowmounted on the body. High-mounted and swept-back with square tips and a negative slant.Wings. Exhausts extend beyond the tail plane. pointed nose. Rectangular and diagonal cut air intakes on sides of the fuselage. Long. Two turbofans in the fuselage. Fins back-tapered with angular tips and canted outward. USER COUNTRY CIS. Engine(s). Flats swept-back and tapered. Tail. Bubble canopy. mid. Fuselage. .

Mirage 2000N--two. Span: 29 ft. Role. cannon. Length: 50 ft. Armament.3 m). Interceptor. Mirage III/5. Dimensions. Similar Aircraft. One. Kfir.MIRAGE 2000 (DASSAULT-BREGUET) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. France. Missiles. Crew. WEFT DESCRIPTION . 3 in (15. Viggen. 5 in (9 m).

Peru. Large. No tail flats. Engine(s). United Arab Emirates. Quatar. France. Fin is swept-back and tapered with a clipped tip. . Tube-shaped with pointed nose and a bubble canopy. India. Greece. single exhaust protrudes past the tail. USER COUNTRIES Egypt. Fuselage.Wings. Low-mounted delta with clipped tips. One turbofan mounted in the fuselage. Tail. Semicircular air intakes alongside the fuselage forward of the wings.

6 in (14. Crew. WEFT DESCRIPTION . CIS (formerly USSR). One.5 m). F-15 Eagle. air superiority. Length: 69 ft (21 m). Span: 47 ft. Armament.Su-27 FLANKER (SUKHOI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. F-14 Tomcat. MiG-29 Fulcrum. Role. Similar Aircraft. Dimensions. cannon. Missiles. Interceptor.

swept-back. USER COUNTRIES Belarus. Flats are midmounted. and tapered. tapered with square tips. Fins swept-back. Germany. Fuselage. Engine(s). Square. . Tail. CIS. and mounted outboard of the engines. People's Republic of China. Mid-mounted. diagonally-cut air intakes mounted under the wings alongside the fuselage. Two turbojets in the fuselage. LERX extends downward and forward of the wing roots. Semidelta with square tips.Wings. Ukraine. Rectangular from air intakes to the tail. Pointed nose and bubble canopy.

9 m). Length: 59 ft. Role. 7 in (13. Armament. cannon. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Missiles. 3 in (18. Two. F-15 Eagle. UK.TORNADO ADV (BAe) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aircraft.06 m). Crew. Dimensions. Su-24 Fencer. Air defense variant interceptor. F-14 Tomcat. Span: 45 ft.

. USER COUNTRIES UK. and tapered with angular. swept-back. Air intakes diagonal and box-like alongside the fuselage forward of the wing roots. Body thickens at midsection and tapers to the tail section. variable. Solid. and tapered fin with curved tip and a step in the leading edge. Tall. Bubble cockpit. Two turbofans inside body. Tail. Saudi Arabia. swept-back. Flats are large. Twin exhausts. and tapered with blunt tips. Fuselage.Wings. Engine(s). High-mounted. blunt tips. midmounted on the body. swept-back. needle nose.

there are line drawings. WEFT descriptions.CHAPTER 7 Bomber Aircraft This chapter includes bomber aircraft of several countries. Armament for these lethal machines has been modernized to include air-launched cruise missiles and short-range attack missiles. Modern bomber aircraft can fly at low altitudes for very long distances. The following illustration shows bomber aircraft WEFT description features. Line drawings are not to scale. general data. user countries. For each aircraft. observers will be able to detect and recognize them. and aircraft manufacturer information. When these type aircraft fly at their low altitudes. photographs. in addition to a huge assortment of nuclear and nonnuclear munitions. .

.Chapter 7 Aircraft List B-1B Lancer B-2 B-52 Stratofortress Canberra Il-28 Beagle Tu-16 Badger Tu-22 Blinder . Tu-26 Backfire Tu-95 Bear Tu-160 Blackjack .

8 in (41. bombs. WEFT DESCRIPTION . long-range bomber. Armament. Tu-26 Backfire. Four. 8 in (44. Supersonic. Dimensions.B-1B LANCER (ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aircraft. Crew. ALCMs. SRAMs. Length: 146 ft.7 m). Tu-160 Blackjack.8 m). Role. USA. Span: 136 ft.

Swept-back. and tapered with blunt tips. Body widens progressively from the LERX through the exhausts. Square air intakes under the wings. Four turbofans. Tail. pointed nose and tail. slender. Fuselage. Four exhausts. Flats mid-mounted on fin. Engine(s). Tail cone.Wings. Stepped canopy. tapered fin with square tip. Tapered tail section overhangs the exhausts. Long. swept-back. USER COUNTRY USA. variable. and tapered with blunt tips. two side-by-side pods on each side of the fuselage. Low-mounted. Flattened belly except for engine pods. swept-back. Leading edge root extension. .

Flush cockpit. Straight.03 m). swept-back leading edges. Armament. Tail. bulging spine.B-2 (NORTHROP) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aircraft. Sea mines. "double-W" trailing edges and square tips. Role. Length: 69 ft (21. Bombs both tactical and nuclear. No tail flats or fins. None. Crew.43 m) WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Low-observable strategic bomber. Four turbofans mounted in pairs within wing structure. Provisions for three. Span: 172 ft (52. USER COUNTRY USA. . Fuselage. Dimensions. USA. Exhausts overwing. Two. Cruise and attack missiles. Blended flying wing with sharp pointed nose. Engine(s).

4 m). Length: 157 ft.B-52 STRATOFORTRESS (BOEING) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.6 m). SRAMs. 7 in (48. Tu-95 Bear. Strategic bomber. Span: 185 ft (56. Dimensions. Role. Crew. cannon. ALCMs. Armament. USA. Six. Similar Aircraft. Bombs. WEFT DESCRIPTION .

swept-back. and tapered with blunt tips.Wings. . swept-back. slender. Flats mid-mounted on fuselage. Engines extend forward of the wings’ leading edges. USER COUNTRY USA. Long. Solid. Swept-back and tapered fin with square tip. High-mounted. Eight turbofans suspended in four pairs from pylons beneath the wings. tapered nose. Engine(s). and tapered with blunt tips and a negative slant. and tapers to the rear. Stepped cockpit. Fuselage. Tail.

Two. Similar Aircraft.CANBERRA (ENGLISH ELECTRIC. Length: 65 ft. Light bomber. USA. missiles. Crew.4 m). Dimensions. BAC) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. ECM. Role. trainer. cannons. Armament. EW. WEFT DESCRIPTION . rockets. UK. 6 in (20 m). Bombs. 11 in (19. reconnaissance. Span: 63 ft. night interdictor. I1-28 Beagle.

USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Wide. Fin is unequally tapered with a blunt tip. Air intakes are forward of the wings’ leading edges. Peru. Two turbojets or turbofans are mounted in the wings. Exhausts are to the rear of the wings’ trailing edges. Bubble canopy. Cigar-shaped and tapered to the rear. Flats high-mounted on fuselage tapered with rounded tips and a positive slant. Engine(s). straight from the fuselage to the engine pods and equally tapered from engine pods to the blunt tips. UK. Round. Tail. or glassed-in nose. solid. Fuselage. mid-mounted wing. .Wings.

6 m). 11 in (17. Yak-28 Brewer. Crew. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Canberra. Bombs. trainer. Dimensions. Light bomber.Il-28 BEAGLE (ILYUSHIN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.5 m). CIS (formerly USSR). Three. Length: 57 ft. Role. Span: 70 ft. Similar Aircraft. 5 in (21. two 23-mm cannons in tail. Armament.

swept-back. High-mounted with straight leading edge and forward-tapered trailing edge with blunt tips. Engine(s). Rounded. and tapered with blunt tips. Pods extend beyond wings’ leading and trailing edges. A glassed-in tail gunner compartment is to the rear of the tail. Tail. Bubble canopy. Fuselage.Wings. North Korea (H-5). glassed-in nose. Tubular and cigar-shaped tapering to the rear. . USER COUNTRIES Egypt. Fin is swept-back and tapered with a blunt tip. Flats are low-mounted on the fin. Two turbojets mounted beneath the wings in pods. People’s Republic of China (H-5).

cannon. Armament. Length: 114 ft (34. Bombs. Role. Crew. ELINT. Strategic bomber.9 m).8 m). Span: 108 ft (32. Dimensions. None in this manual.Tu-16 BADGER (TUPOLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aircraft. Six. missiles. CIS (formerly USSR). WEFT DESCRIPTION . ECM.

Engine(s). Swept-back. USER COUNTRIES CIS. glassed-in nose. tapered fin and flats with blunt tips. Fences on top of wings. Two turbojets mounted in wing roots extend beyond the leading and trailing edges of the wing root. Tail gunner compartment. Long. Egypt. slender. Round air intakes. Landing gear pods extend beyond wings’ trailing edges. People’s Republic of China (H-6). and tapered with blunt tips. Tail. Iraq. Mid-mounted. and bulging where the engines are mounted and tapered to the tail. Fuselage.Wings. . swept-back. Ukraine. Stepped cockpit. Round. Flats low-mounted on the fin.

ELINT. CIS (formerly USSR).75 m). Length: 133 ft (40. missiles. Role. Crew. Bomber. Similar Aircraft.Tu-22 BLINDER (TUPOLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Span: 91 ft (27.5 m). None in this manual. Armament. Three. reconnaissance. Bomber. Dimensions. cannon.

Wide wing root. swept-back. Round air intakes. Low-mounted. pointed nose. Tail. swept-back. Tube-shaped with solid. Iraq. and tapered with square tips. and tapered with square tips. Stepped cockpit. Engine(s). Fuselage. Two turbojets low-mounted on the tail fin. USER COUNTRIES CIS. Flats low-mounted on the fuselage.Wings. and tapered with square tip. . Ukraine. Landing gear pods extend beyond wings’ trailing edges. Fin is swept-back. Libya.

WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament. Span: 115 ft (35 m). Role. Crew. Strategic medium bomber. CIS (formerly USSR). Tu-160 Blackjack. Dimensions. Length: 138 ft (42 m). Similar Aircraft. missiles. maritime reconnaissance. B-1B Lancer. Four. cannon.Tu-26 BACKFIRE (TUPOLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Bombs.

variable. Fin is swept-back and tapered with a square tip. Two turbofans mounted in body. Engine(s). and tapered with curved tips. Mid-mounted. Long and slender with solid. Large. swept-back. Tail. Stepped cockpit. USER COUNTRIES CIS. Flats are mid-mounted on body. rectangular air intakes. Fuselage. pointed nose.Wings. swept-back. Dual exhausts. Body is rectangular from the air intakes to the exhausts. . and tapered with blunt tips. Wide wing root. Ukraine.

5 m). B-52 Stratofortress. missiles. Bombs.Tu-95 BEAR (TUPOLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. also maritime. 8 in (51. Armament. 5 in (49. Dimensions. cruise missiles. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Span: 167 ft. Length: 162 ft. Similar Aircraft. two 23-mm cannons in the tail.1 m). Unknown. Strategic bomber. Role. Crew. CIS (formerly USSR).

Four turboprops with contrarotating propellers located on the wings. and tapered with blunt tips. Engine(s). Flats low-mounted on the fin. swept-back. Tube-shaped with rounded nose. USER COUNTRIES CIS. Stepped cockpit.Wings. Fin swept-back and tapered with a square tip. Fuselage. Engine nacelles extend well beyond the wings’ leading edges. Tail gun compartment. . India (Bear F). Ukraine. Mid-mounted. Tail. tapers to the rear. swept-back. and tapered.

Length: 177 ft (54 m). Tu-26 Backfire. Strategic bomber. B-1B Lancer. Dimensions.Tu-160 BLACKJACK (TUPOLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Crew. ALCMs. Bombs. missiles.7 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament. 9 in (55. Span: 182 ft. CIS (formerly USSR). Four. Role. Similar Aircraft.

unimproved runways. or fields. specific missions such as operating from short. and aircraft manufacturer information.CHAPTER 8 Cargo and Transport Aircraft This chapter provides examples of cargo and transport aircraft. The following illustration shows cargo and transport aircraft WEFT description features. general data. Line drawings are not to scale. Many of these aircraft have very similar recognition features because they were all designed to perform similar. . For each aircraft. roads. photographs. WEFT descriptions. Modern cargo and transport aircraft are manufactured with high-mounted straight wings which allow greater lift and better control at low speeds and altitudes. user countries. there are line drawings.

An-26 Curl An-32 Cline An-72 Coaler An-124 Condor Aviocar C-212 Buffalo. C-8A C-5 Galaxy Caribou.222 Il-14 Crate Il-76 Candid . C-7A C-17A Globemaster III C-123 Provider C-130 Hercules C-141B Starlifter C-160 Transall DC-3 Dakota G.Chapter 8 Aircraft List An-12 Cub An-24 Coke.

ELINT. Six. and weapons). C-160 Transall. Similar Aircraft. WEFT DESCRIPTION .222. 4 in (37 m). Length: 121 ft. Role. C-130 Hercules.An-12 CUB (ANTONOV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Medium-cargo/transport (100 equipped troops. Span: 124 ft. CIS (formerly USSR). G. Armament. 8 in (38 m). Dimensions. ECM. Crew. Twin 23-mm cannons in tail. vehicles.

Sri Lanka. Bulgaria. . Two 23-mm guns in tail turret. Yugoslavia. Flats are unequally tapered with blunt tips and mounted high on the fuselage. High-mounted with drooping outer wing panels. Slovakia. Afghanistan. Iraq. straight trailing edges. USER COUNTRIES Angola. People’s Republic of China (Y-12). Poland. and blunt tips. Egypt. CIS. Syria (Y-12). Engine(s).Wings. Round. Fuselage. Czech Republic. South Yemen. Tail. slender body with stepped cockpit and glassed-in nose. Four turboprop engines mounted under the wings’ leading edges. Landing gear pods bulge at lower body midsection. India. Ethiopia. back-tapered leading edges. Upswept rear section. Fin is tapered with a blunt tip and a step in the leading edge.

IL-20 Coot. 9 in (29. Role. Length: 77 ft. An-32 Cline. paratroop. cargo (40 equipped troops. Short haul. 2 in (23. An-12 Cub. WEFT DESCRIPTION . An-26 CURL (ANTONOV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aircraft.An-24 COKE. Usually none. Crew.2 m). small vehicles). light-transport. Span: 95 ft. P-3C Orion.54 m). Armament. Dimensions. CIS (formerly USSR). Five.

Wings. Slovakia. Tail. Fuselage. Flats are high-mounted on the body. Iraq. Cambodia. Syria. Madagascar. South Yemen. Hungary. Congo. Somalia. North Korea. People’s Republic of China (Y-7). Bulgaria. rounded nose. . Czech Republic. Zambia. Nicaragua. Ethiopia. Romania. Mali. Engine(s). Vietnam. Cape Verde. Mozambique. Long. Yugoslavia. Angola. Cuba. slender. Mongolia. Stepped cockpit. Bangladesh. Benin. Solid. Pods extend beyond the wings’ leading and trailing edges. Germany. Two turboprops mounted in pods beneath the wings. upswept rear section. CIS. Libya. Laos. backtapered with blunt tips. Poland. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. and have a positive slant. High-mounted and equally tapered from the engines to the blunt tips. Fin is back-tapered with a blunt tip and angular fairing.

Length: 78 ft (23.2 m). light-transport. CIS (formerly USSR). Short.An-32 CLINE (ANTONOV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Usually none. Role. Span: 95 ft. An-24 Coke.75 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament.to medium-range. cargo (39 equipped troops. Similar Aircraft. Dimensions. An-26 Curl. small vehicles). Crew. airdrop. Five. 9 in (29.

Peru. . India.Wings. Long. Mongolia. Cuba. Fin is unequally tapered with blunt tip and angular fairing. Tail. USER COUNTRIES CIS. Two turboprops mounted in pods over the wings. rounded nose. Pods extend beyond the wings’ leading and trailing edges. Flats are high-mounted on the body. Fuselage. Engine(s). Stepped cockpit. tubular. and have a positive slant. High-mounted and equally tapered from the engines to the blunt tips. upswept rear section and solid. back-tapered with blunt tips.

56 m). Dimensions. Role. Similar Aircraft.An-72 COALER (ANTONOV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. CIS (formerly USSR). Crew. Span: 84 ft. Armament. G. Three. Length: 87 ft.84 m). STOL. 2 in (26. WEFT DESCRIPTION . 9 in (25. None. C-160 Transall. Medium-transport.222.

upswept rear section. untapered fin. High-mounted and back-tapered with blunt tips and a negative slant. Back-tapered flats high-mounted on the fin forming a T. Circular with round. and a flush cockpit. Round air intakes extend from the front of the wings’ leading edges. USER COUNTRY CIS. Tail. Swept-back. Two turbofans in long pods mounted on top of the wings. Fuselage. solid nose. . Engine(s).Wings.

Strategic transport. Span: 240 ft. Dimensions. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Six--seven with loadmaster. C-5B Galaxy. Length: 226 ft. Armament.3 m). None. Crew. CIS (formerly USSR). Role. 5 in (73. C-17A Globemaster III. Similar Aircraft.An-124 CONDOR (ANTONOV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 3 in (69 m).

and mid-mounted on the body. Stepped canopy. High-mounted. Fin swept-back and tapered with rounded tips. Thick. Four turbofans mounted on pylons under the wings. oval. Flats swept-back.Wings. rounded nose and tapers to the rear. Engine(s). tapered. Negative slant. Tail. . Fuselage. and tapered with curved tips. swept-back. USER COUNTRY CIS.

Role.18 m). G. C-160 Transall. Two. Dimensions. 9 in (15. Armament. light tactical vehicles). 4 in (19. Crew. Spain.AVIOCAR C-212 (CASA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. C-123 Provider. Similar Aircraft. Length: 49 ft.12 m). Span: 62 ft. STOL. WEFT DESCRIPTION .222. light-utility transport (18 equipped troops. Usually none. airdrop.

Nicaragua. Fuselage. Flats are mid-mounted on the body and tapered with square tips. Saudi Arabia. Equatorial New Guinea. Paraguay. Somalia. cigar-shaped with flat bottom and upswept rear section. Tail. . Thick. Sudan. Panama. Straight fairing in the leading edge. USER COUNTRIES Angola. Stepped cockpit. Spain.Wings. Two turboprops mounted in pods under the wings’ leading edges. Portugal. High-mounted and unequally tapered from midwing to the square tips. Mexico. Venezuela. Ghana. Engine(s). Fin is equally tapered with a square tip. Chad. South Africa.

Length: 79 ft (24. Span: 96 ft (29.08 m).26 m). CC-115). cargo (41 troops. Role. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Usually none. Similar Aircraft. C-8A (DE HAVILLAND CANADA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. C-7A Caribou. Crew. Dimensions. Armament. 1/4-ton vehicles. STOL transport. and freight). Canada (DHC-5. Three.BUFFALO.

USA. Sudan. Kenya. Flats are equally tapered with blunt tips and high-mounted on the fin forming a T. Slab-sided with solid. Tail. Brazil. Egypt. Mauritania. straight from body to engines. and equally tapered outboard of engines to the blunt tips. Two turboprops mounted under the wings’ leading edges. Canada.Wings. Zaire. USER COUNTRIES Abu Dhabi. Fuselage. Upswept rear section. Engine(s). Honduras. Stepped cockpit. Zambia. Ecuador. Oman. Tanzania. rounded nose. Mexico. High-mounted. United Arab Emirates. Togo. Fin is slightly swept-back and tapered with square tip. Ethiopia. . Peru. Cameroon.

Dimensions. Heavy-transport (345 equipped troops). Il-76 Candid. An-124 Condor. Six. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION .54 m). USA. heavy-cargo (armored vehicles. Length: 247 ft. 8 in (67. helicopters). Crew.88 m). Role. Usually none. Similar Aircraft. C-17A Globemaster III. weapons. 10 in (75. Span: 222 ft. C-141 Starlifter.C-5 GALAXY (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.

rounded nose. Four turbofans. swept-back. tapered tail fin forming a T. USER COUNTRY USA. Fuselage. Stepped cockpit. cigar-shaped. Upswept rear section. Swept-back. Engine(s). suspended on pylons. tapered tail flats and high-mounted on a swept-back. Slightly tapered.Wings. Landing gear bulges at lower midsection. Round air intakes. and tapered to tail section. and tapered with curved tips and negative slant. Large. Tail. High-mounted. . and extending forward of the wings’ leading edges.

Buffalo C-8A. Similar Aircraft. Role. Span: 95 ft.CARIBOU. C-7A (DE HAVILLAND CANADA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.16 m). Canada (DHC-4A. 7 in (22. Length: 72 ft. Armament. Crew. DHC-5. STOL utility transport (32 equipped troops. Three. WEFT DESCRIPTION .14 m). CC-108). 1/4-ton trucks). Dimensions. 2 in (29. Usually none.

Stepped cockpit. Spain. Flats mid. Engine(s). India. Fuselage. Slab-sided with solid. Tail. USA. rounded nose.Wings. Two piston engines mounted in wings’ leading edges. Engine nacelles extend beyond leading edges. Upswept rear section. High-mounted with straight leading edge and forward-tapered trailing edge from engines to the blunt tips. USER COUNTRIES Ecuador. Thailand. Malaysia.to low-mounted on tail fin and tapered with blunt tips. . Large fin tapered with blunt tip.

Il-76 Candid. Span: 165 ft (50. WEFT DESCRIPTION . USA. Similar Aircraft. Five with loadmaster. Crew. helicopters). C-5 Galaxy.04 m). C-141B Starlifter. Long-range and intra-theatre heavy cargo transport (troops.29 m). Dimensions. Armament. heavy equipment.C-17A GLOBEMASTER III (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. None. Length: 174 ft (53.

tapered.Wings. Fin swept-back and untapered. Round intakes. . Round and tapers to tail cone. Flush cockpit and a round nose. Engine(s). tapered. Fuselage. Upswept rear section. negative slant. USER COUNTRIES USA. High-mounted. mounted high on fin forming a "T". Flats swept-back. swept-back. Tail. Four turbofans mounted on pylons under wings. Winglets at wing tips.

Span: 110 ft (33. Dimensions. Usually none. Similar Aircraft. STOL transport. Crew. Length: 76 ft. USA. Armament. G.93 m). 3 in (23. cargo (60 equipped troops). .222. C-160 Transall. Four. Role.C-123 PROVIDER (FAIRCHILD) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.53 m). Aviocar C-212.

USER COUNTRIES Canada. Flats are high-mounted on the body and unequally tapered with square tips. Two jet engines mounted under the wings outboard of the piston engines or the wing tips on some models. Tail. Fuselage. cigar-shaped. High-mounted and unequally tapered with blunt tips. . Honduras. Stepped cockpit. Thailand. Two piston engines mounted under the wings. Upswept rear section and solid. Engine(s). Egypt. Venezuela. angular fairing.WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. South Korea. El Salvador. Taiwan. rounded nose. Wide. Back-tapered fin with square tip and a large. USA.

reconnaissance. except AC-130G gunship. . Usually none. Dimensions. Length: 97 ft. 9 in (29. Transport. An-12 Cub. Role. cargo (92 equipped troops. Four. low-level extraction.78 m).41 m).C-130 HERCULES (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. USA.222. Crew. C-160 Transall. 7 in (40. gunship. G. light-tactical vehicles). Span: 132 ft. airdrop. Armament. Similar Aircraft. air refueling.

Engine(s). Sweden. UAE. Egypt. Tail. Mexico. Denmark. Sudan. Flats equally tapered and high-mounted on the body. USA. Greece. Cameroon. Stepped cockpit. Australia. Thailand. Honduras. Fuselage. UK. Bolivia. and blunt tips. Peru. Tall tail fin tapered with a blunt tip. Turkey. Libya. Chile. USER COUNTRIES Algeria. Ecuador. High-mounted with straight leading edges. Oman. Philippines. Yemen. New Zealand. Israel. Belgium. Portugal. Brazil. Singapore. Jordan. Norway. Vietnam. Nigeria. Italy. Canada. Colombia. Morocco. Africa. France. Korea. Niger. Zaire. Malaysia. Upswept rear section. Japan. Spain. Argentina. blunt nose. . Taiwan. Pakistan. Four turboprops mounted under and extending beyond wings’ leading edges. Indonesia. Wide and circular with solid. Saudi Arabia. Venezuela.WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Iran. forward tapered trailing edges.

76 m). C-5A Galaxy.30 m). cargo (154 equipped troops. USA. Usually none. Role. Four.C-141B STARLIFTER (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Similar Aircraft. Transport. Armament. Span: 160 ft (48. Il-76 Candid. and weapons). Crew. C-17A Globemaster III. tactical vehicles. 4 in (51. Length: 168 ft. Dimensions.

. and tapered. Landing gear bulges at lower midsection. Cigar-shaped and tapered to the rear.Wings. Engines extend forward of the wings’ leading edges. swept-back. rounded nose and flush cockpit. Four turbofans suspended from pylons under the wings. Fuselage. Solid. Small fairing in leading edge of the fin. Swept-back and tapered flats mounted high on a swept-back and tapered tail fin forming a T. Tail. Engine(s). USER COUNTRY USA. High-mounted. Negative slant and blunt tips.

Germany. Role. An-12 Cub. G. . EW.C-160 TRANSALL (AEROSPATIALE. Usually none. Aviocar C-212. Armament. Span: 131 ft. Length: 106 ft. France. C-123 Provider. C-130 Hercules. Three. 3 in (40 m). Similar Aircraft. Transport. Dimensions.4 m). cargo (93 equipped troops. airborne command. Crew. surveillance.222. MBB) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. tactical vehicles). 3 in (32. airdrop.

WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Fuselage. Engine(s). and tapered to the rear with round. Flats mid-mounted on thinned body. thick. Tail. Stepped cockpit and upswept tail section. Turkey. Fin is tall and tapered with a blunt tip and a fairing in the leading edge. equally tapered with blunt tips. South Africa. . Germany. USER COUNTRIES France. solid nose. High-mounted and equally tapered outboard of engines with blunt tips. Long. Two turboprops mounted under and extend beyond wings’ leading edges.

96 m). Five.DC-3 DAKOTA (DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Span: 95 ft (28. cargo (35 equipped troops).63 m). Dimensions. Role. Armament. I1-14 Crate. Medium-transport. Usually none except modified gunship. Similar Aircraft. Length: 64 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . 5 in (19. Crew. USA.

Israel. Flats are mid-mounted on the body. round nose and a stepped cockpit. Tail. Haiti. Colombia. Greece. Burkina Faso. Has rounded tips and positive slant. Low-mounted with unequally tapered leading and trailing edge. Two piston engines mounted in the wing’s leading edges. Chad. with round tips. El Salvador. Club-shaped and tapered to the rear. USER COUNTRIES Angola. Fin tapered with a rounded tip. Fuselage. Guatemala. South Africa. Indonesia. Taiwan. Congo. Zambia. Papua New Guinea. Venezuela. Turkey. Mozambique. Mexico. Burundi.Wings. Central Africa Republic. Bolivia. There are also turboprop versions. . Dominican Republic. Solid. Japan. Rwanda. Argentina. Thailand. Engine(s). Paraguay.

Crew. C-160 Transall. Three. Usually none. An-12 Cub. WEFT DESCRIPTION .7 m). Span: 94 ft.222 (AERITALIA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 2 in (28. Armament.7 m). Aviocar C-212. Similar Aircraft. cargo (44 equipped troops). Dimensions. Length: 74 ft. 5 in (22. C-130 Hercules. STOL transport. Role.G. Italy. C-123 Provider.

Short. . Fin is tall and back-tapered with a blunt tip and fairing in the leading edge. Libya. Nigeria. Two turboprops mounted beneath and extending beyond the wings’ leading edges. Upswept rear section. USER COUNTRIES Italy. Somalia. Rounded nose and stepped cockpit. United Arab Emirates. Engine(s). Tapered leading edges with blunt tips. Flats high-mounted on fuselage. Fuselage. Tail.Wings. round. and tapered to the rear. Venezuela. High-mounted and equally tapered outboard of engines with blunt tips.

Five. Dimensions. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Length: 73 ft. Medium-transport. Usually none. 2 in (22. Span: 104 ft (31. Role. Crew.3 m). cargo (five equipped troops). Similar Aircraft. Armament. DC-3 Dakota. CIS (formerly USSR).Il-14 CRATE (ILYUSHIN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.70 m).

Chad. North Korea. South Yemen. Flats mid-mounted on body and back-tapered with rounded tips. People’s Republic of China. Low-mounted and have straight leading edges and forward-tapered trailing edges with blunt tips. Tail. Fuselage. with a square tip and a small fairing in the leading edge. . Cuba. CIS.Wings. Romania. Two piston engines mounted in and extending beyond the wings’ leading edges. Iraq. Engine(s). Rounded. Bulgaria. solid nose and stepped cockpit. Vietnam. Czech Republic. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. Albania. Long. Poland. and tapered to the rear section. cigar-shaped. Large fin. tapered.

cargo (tanks. C-141B Starlifter. Length: 152 ft. Seven. Rear gun turret on military model. 8 in (50. Role.6 m). Dimensions. Crew.6 m). C-17A Globemaster III. guns.Il-76 CANDID (ILYUSHIN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 10 in (46. and other equipment). Heavy-transport. C-5 Galaxy. CIS (formerly USSR). Similar Aircraft. Armament. Span: 165 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTION .

and tapering to the rear. and tapered with blunt tips. Bottom portion of nose glassed-in. . Iraq. Slight negative slant. Engine(s). Long. Flats swept-back. Tail. USER COUNTRIES CIS. Flush cockpit.Wings. Fuselage. Cuba. tapered. Four turbofans mounted on pylons under and extending beyond wings’ leading edges. round. India. tapered tail fin forming a T. Libya. and high-mounted on a swept-back. High-mounted. Syria. swept-back. Rounded nose with radome on the chin.

There are literally hundreds of aircraft types that could be used in this function. WEFT descriptions. Line drawings are not to scale. Included are utility types manufactured specifically for military purposes. photographs. Chapter 9 Aircraft List . For each aircraft. The following illustration shows utility aircraft WEFT description features. and aircraft manufacturer information. there are line drawings. although other examples are shown of conversions from civilian to military or military to civilian uses.CHAPTER 9 Utility Aircraft This chapter shows several examples of utility type aircraft. user countries. general data.

Skyvan 3M U-6A Beaver U-8F Seminole. B200 C-23A Sherpa King Air O-1 Bird Dog O-2 Skymaster OV-10 Bronco Skyservant PC-7 .An-2 Colt C-12 Super King Air. Queen Air UV-18A Twin Otter . .

An-2 COLT (ANTONOV) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. OV-10 Bronco Crew. Role.19 m). Armament. OV-1 Mohawk.75 m). Similar Aircraft. Usually none. 9 in (12. 8 in (18. Light-transport (10 equipped troops). Two. Length: 41 ft. Dimensions. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Poland. general utility. Span: 59 ft. CIS (formerly USSR). U-6A Beaver.

round tip. Bulgaria. Cambodia. Tanzania. Albania (Y-5). Benin. One high-mounted and one low-mounted (shorter). Fuselage. Flats are low-mounted on the tail fin and rectangular-shaped with curved tips. North Korea. Germany. One radial piston engine (some versions are turboprop) mounted in the nose. Nicaragua. Tail. Iraq. connected and braced by two struts. Short and thick with solid. Fin tapered with large. CIS. Romania. Poland. blunt nose. Vietnam. Fixed landing gear. Mongolia. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. . People’s Republic of China (Y-5). Stepped cockpit. Engine(s). Laos. Cuba.Wings. Mali. Angola. Biplane and rectangular-shaped with curved tips.

USA. Length: 43 ft. 9 in (13. B200 (BEECHCRAFT) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 6 in (16. Span: 54 ft. King Air.C-12 SUPER KING AIR.6 m). Utility. Dimensions. U-8F Seminole (Queen Air). surveillance.32 m). Usually none. Similar Aircraft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Crew. light-transport. One or two. Armament. Role.

Venezuela. Engine(s). Tail. Guatemala. and equally tapered from engines to blunt tips. USER COUNTRIES Algeria. Two turboprops mounted in and extending forward of the wings’ leading edges.Wings. Ivory Coast. Peru. Argentina. straight to engines. Thailand. Guyana. Bolivia. USA. Swept-back and tapered tail flats with blunt tips and high-mounted on a swept-back tail fin forming a T. Low-mounted. Ireland. Positive slant. Sri Lanka. . Fuselage. Fairing in leading edge. tubular. Greece. Stepped cockpit. Long. Uruguay. and tapered to the rear and nose.

vehicles). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Length: 58 ft (17. Utility transport (nine passengers.C-23A SHERPA (SHORTS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. None. 8 in (22. Span: 74 ft.7 m). OV-10 Bronco. Role. Similar Aircraft. UK. Two plus flight mechanic. OV-1 Mohawk.76 m). Skyvan 3M. Crew. Aviocar C-212. Dimensions. Armament.

Fins are mounted on the tips of the flats. USA. .Wings. Rounded nose. High-mounted and rectangular with blunt tips. Twin turboprops mounted in pods under the leading edges of the wings. Struts between wings and landing gear. Slabsided. Flat is rectangular and high-mounted on the body. USER COUNTRIES Thailand. Rectangular from fuselage to tail. Rectangular fins with blunt tips. Tail. Fuselage. Engine(s). Stepped cockpit. UK.

Crew. Armament. Usually none. Dimensions. Length: 39 ft. Role. Light-transport (16 seats. utility). 10 in (14 m). Span: 45 ft. 8 in (12 m). Two. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Similar Aircraft. USA. C-12 Super King Air.KING AIR (BEECHCRAFT) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. U-8 Seminole (Queen Air).

Positive slant. Thailand. Stepped cockpit. Morocco. Peru. Sweden. . Flats unequally tapered with blunt tips mid-mounted on body with a positive slant. tubular.Wings. Engine(s). Israel. USA. Tail. Swept-back and tapered fin with square tip. Jamaica. Bolivia. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Mexico. Wide wing roots. Japan. Chile. Low-mounted and equally tapered outboard of engines with blunt tips. Two turboprops mounted in and extending forward of the wings’ leading edges. and tapered tail and nose. Long. Fuselage. Venezuela.

F. Role. Crew.O-1 BIRD DOG (CESSNA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Span: 36 ft (11 m). training. USA. S. Similar Aircraft. 10 in (7. Light-reconnaissance. 260W. Normally unarmed. liaison.9 m). One. Length: 25 ft. Dimensions. Armament.

Cigar-shaped and tapered to the rear section. Flats mounted high on the body and are round and butterfly-shaped. Stepped. Fin is rounded. Indonesia. . USA. Thailand. One piston engine mounted in nose. Fixed landing gear. and unequally tapered from midwing to blunt tips. Pakistan. Engine(s). High-mounted. Blunt nose. USER COUNTRIES Austria. Taiwan.Wings. Italy. glassed-in cockpit. straight to midwing. Fuselage. Turkey. Tail. South Korea. Norway.

6 m). Role. Crew. Two. 9 in (9. forward air control. Armament. rockets. Observation.O-2 SKYMASTER (CESSNA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 335 Model. not in this manual. psychological warfare. Length: 29 ft. USA. Span: 38 ft. 3 in (11. Miniguns. Similar Aircraft. liaison. WEFT DESCRIPTION .64 m). Dimensions. Skymaster.

Jamaica. Guinea-Bissau. USA. Two piston engines. Togo. Engine(s). glassed-in cockpit. Iran. Nicaragua. Swept-back tail fins with blunt tips at tips of tail flat. one on the nose and one on the rear of the body. High-mounted with straight leading edges and forward-tapered trailing edges from midwing to blunt tips. Niger. Venezuela. Rectangular tail flat at end of twin tail booms. Tail. Portugal. Fuselage. box-like with propellers at each end.Wings. Chad. Mauritania. USER COUNTRIES Central African Republic. Ethiopia. Sri Lanka. Stepped. Fins extend above and below tail flat. Costa Rica. Rear of body upswept to tail booms. Stubby. . Dominican Republic. El Salvador.

7 in (12.20 m). rockets. bombs. Span: 40 ft (12. forward air control. quick-response. Role. Crew. C-23A Sherpa. USA. Armed reconnaissance. Armament. Length: 41 ft. Dimensions. OV-1 Mohawk. WEFT DESCRIPTION .OV-10 BRONCO (ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.70 m). Two. ground-support. Machine guns. Similar Aircraft.

. Venezuela. Engine(s). USER COUNTRIES Indonesia. Morocco. stepped canopy. Rectangular tail flat that connects the tail fins at the top. Twin tail booms with swept-back fin on each boom. USA. Tail. Fuselage. High-mounted and rectangular with square tips. Short and oval with glassed-in. Two turboprops in booms under wings. Thailand.Wings.

Span: 51 ft (15. Crew.4 m).56 m). Similar Aircraft. Armament. STOL light-transport. WEFT DESCRIPTION . cargo (fourteen equipped troops).SKYSERVANT (DORNIER) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Usually none. Length: 37 ft. Dimensions. Two. Germany. UV-18 Twin Otter. 5 in (11. Role.

Oman. Sweden. Rwanda. Rectangular tail flats mid-mounted on body with square tips. Some are equipped with turboprop engines. Morocco. Fixed wheel landing gear with streamlined covers.Wings. . Engine(s). Malawi. Box-like and tapered to the rear section. Spain. High-mounted and rectangular with square tips. India. Niger. Israel. Cameroon. Fuselage. Kenya. Two piston engines mounted on tips of stubby attachments on lower body. Zambia. Rounded nose and stepped cockpit. Benin. Tail. Fin is unequally tapered with a square tip. Turkey. Nigeria. Somalia. Germany. USER COUNTRIES Angola.

Crew.40 m). Armament. Span: 34 ft. Six pylons for weapons. L-39 Albatross. Dimensions. Switzerland. light attack.PC-7 (PILATUS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Two-seat. SF.78 m). 1 in (10. 1 in (9. aerobatic. Similar Aircraft. Length: 32 ft. Role.260W Warrior. Turbo-trainer.

Iran. Austria. Angola. unequally tapered with blunt tips. tapers to front and rear. Engine(s). Tail. turboprop. Guatamala.Wings. Malaysia. Switzerland. mounted in the nose section. Chile. Low-mounted. Flats high-mounted and equally tapered with offset square tips. . Bolivia. USER COUNTRIES Abu Dhabi. Mexico. Netherlands. Tapered tail fin with fairing and square tip. Burma. Iraq. Positive slant. Fuselage. Single. Air intake beneath a bullet nose. France. Oval.

Similar Aircraft.22 m). UK. Role. STOL transport. WEFT DESCRIPTION . cargo (twenty equipped troops. Span: 65 ft (19. Armament. An-28 Cash (neither shown in this manual).8 m). airdrop. Usually none. Dimensions. light vehicles). Crew.SKYVAN 3M (SHORTS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. An-14 Clod. One. Length: 40 ft (12.

USER COUNTRIES Austria. Twin rectangular tail fins with blunt tips mounted on the tips of a rectangular flat. Nepal. Rounded nose with flush cockpit. Engine(s). Ghana. and flat-bottomed. box-like. Fins extend above and below the flat. Mauritania. Two piston or turboprop engines mounted under and extending beyond the wings’ leading edges. High-mounted and rectangular-shaped with blunt tips. Japan. North Yemen. Botswana. Fuselage. UK. Upswept rear section. USA. Mexico. Indonesia. Guyana. Oman.Wings. . Fixed landing gear. Tail. South Africa. Singapore. Malawi. Thick.

Role.24 m). Crew. Usually none. Armament. Light-cargo. Span: 48 ft (14.64 m). Length: 30 ft. An-2 Colt.U-6A BEAVER (DE HAVILLAND CANADA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION . transport (five equipped troops). Canada (DHC-2). Dimensions. Two. 4 in (9. Similar Aircraft.

High-mounted and rectangular with blunt tips. Haiti. Flats high-mounted on body and equally tapered with blunt tips. Fin is rounded. Tail. . Engine(s). Later models have a turboprop engine. Fuselage. Stepped cockpit.Wings. One piston engine in nose section. USA. USER COUNTRIES Canada. Colombia. Club-shaped fuselage with blunt nose and sharply tapered tail section.

King Air. Crew. 3 in (15. 6 in (10. Span: 50 ft. Dimensions. Armament. C-12 Super King Air. QUEEN AIR (BEECHCRAFT) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.82 m). Two. USA Similar Aircraft. Light-transport (eight equipped troops).U-8F SEMINOLE.32 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Length: 35 ft. Usually none. Role.

Peru. Two piston engines mounted in and extending beyond the wings’ leading edges. . Colombia. Wide wing roots. and tapered to rear section. USA. Short. Tapered tail flats with blunt tips and high-mounted on body with positive slant. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Israel. Tail. Stepped cockpit. Japan. Mexico. thick. Venezuela. Dominican Republic. Fuselage. Engine(s). Pakistan. Low-mounted and unequally tapered with blunt tips. Swept-back tail fin with a square tip.Wings. round. Tapered nose. Thailand. Positive slant.

8 m).UV-18A TWIN OTTER (DE HAVILLAND CANADA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Span: 65 ft (19. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Skyservant. Canada (DHC-6. STOL transport. Usually none. Role.8 m). CC-138). Dimensions. Armament. 9 in (15. Length: 51 ft. Two. Similar Aircraft. Crew. cargo (twenty equipped troops).

Sudan. Switzerland. Cigar-shaped and tapered to the rear section and nose section. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Flats low-mounted on tail fin and untapered with blunt tips. Swept-back fin is tapered with a blunt tip. Norway. People’s Republic of China. Pakistan. Chile. Haiti. Two turboprops mounted in and extending beyond wings’ leading edges. Canada. Kenya. . High-mounted and untapered with blunt tips. Fuselage.Wings. Colombia. Engine(s). Senegal. Panama. Paraguay. USA. Tail. Stepped cockpit.

with the exception of a few attack helicopters. The following illustration shows helicopter aircraft WEFT description features. heavy lift. there are line drawings. There are many helicopter configurations. Helicopters have been grouped together in this chapter because.CHAPTER 10 Helicopter Aircraft This chapter covers helicopter (rotary-wing) aircraft. observation. cargo. general data. Line drawings are not to scale. and aircraft manufacturer information. . and surveillance. For each aircraft. Only a few helicopters are similar in appearance and the differences make recognition of them easier for an observer. user countries. photographs. There are a large number of helicopters covered since nearly all countries have them in their inventory. WEFT descriptions. most can be used in a variety of roles: attack. transport.

Wasp SH-3 Sea King Super Frelon UH-1 Iroquois UH-1N Model 212 UH-60A Black Hawk .Chapter 10 Aircraft List AH-1F Cobra AH-1W Super Cobra AH-64 Apache Alouette II Alouette III BO 105 CH-3/HH-3E Jolly Green Giant CH-46 Sea Knight CH-47 Chinook CH-53 Sea Stallion Dauphin 2 Defender 500 Gazelle Hirundo A109 Ka-50 Hokum Lynx Mangusta A129 Mi-1 Hare Mi-2 Hoplite Mi-4 Hound Mi-6 Hook Mi-8 Hip Mi-24 Hind Mi-26 Halo Mi-28 Havoc OH-6A Cayuse OH-13 Sioux OH-58D Kiowa Puma Scout. .

Attack helicopter.42 m). Crew. WEFT DESCRIPTION .AH-1F COBRA (BELL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Armament. USA. missiles. 7 in (13. Two. Role. Mi-24 Hind. Cannon. grenade launcher. TOW missiles. Dimensions. Similar Aircraft. rockets. AH-64 Apache. Rotor diameter: 44 ft (13. Length: 44 ft.6 m). Mangusta A129.

Thin.Wings. One turboshaft mounted on top of the body forming a hump-like appearance. Stepped. Japan. Jordan. oval body with a short. blunt-tipped. Swept-back fin is tapered. short. swept-back. Pakistan. USER COUNTRIES Bahrain. dual-blade main rotor. pointed nose. USA. flat-plated canopy and tapered rear section. Taiwan. Fuselage. and forward of the fin. Iran. . Thailand. Large. Israel. Low-mounted. tubular tail boom. Single exhaust. Rotor on the right. Turkey. Small flats are mid-mounted. Engine(s). tapered. Tail. South Korea. Weapon-carrying wings are mid-mounted. and stubby.

Similar Aircraft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Role. USA. Missiles.AH-1F SUPER COBRA (BELL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Mi-24 Hind. cannon.32 m). AH-64 Apache. Crew.42 m). Hellfire and TOW missiles. Mangusta A129. Attack helicopter. Rotor diameter: 44 ft (13. Two. rockets. Armament. Length: 47 ft (14. Dimensions.

Fin is swept-back and tapered. Weapon-carrying wings are mid-mounted. Low-mounted. tapered. USER COUNTRIES Iran. Engine(s). pointed nose. USA. tubular tail boom. Two turboshaft engines mounted on top rear of cabin. glassed-in canopy and tapered rear section. oval body with short. swept-back. Fuselage. short. Small flat is mid-mounted. Stepped. dual-blade main rotor.Wings. South Korea. and square-tipped. Thin. . Large. Two exhausts just above the tail boom. and stubby. Rotor is on the right. Tail.

missiles. 2 in (14. Two. Crew. 30-mm chain gun. USA. Mi-28 Havoc. Mi-24 Hind. Hellfire missiles. Length: 48 ft.64 m). Mangusta A129.AH-64 APACHE (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. rockets. Dimensions.69 m). Armament. Similar Aircraft. Rotor diameter: 48 ft (14. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Ka-50 Hokum. Advanced attack helicopter. Role.

and glassed-in cockpit. Flat belly except for chain gun. South Korea. UK. Engine(s). Kuwait. USA. Blunt nose. USER COUNTRIES Israel.Wings. Fixed landing gear. flat-plated. weapon-carrying wings are mid-mounted with square tips. equally tapered flats with square tips and low-mounted on fin. Blade tips are swept-back. Swept-back fin with square tip. Egypt. stubby. Rotor on the top left of fin. Greece. Large. Four-blade main rotor mounted above body midsection. Tail. Short. Saudi Arabia. Fuselage. United Arab Emirates. Two turboshaft engines mounted high and outside the fuselage and to rear of the cockpit. .

WEFT DESCRIPTION .ALOUETTE II (AEROSPATIALE) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Alouette III. Crew. missiles. rockets. Observation. Machine gun. France. Similar Aircraft. One. Length: 33 ft. Scout/Wasp. Armament. 8 in (10. Role.28 m). light-attack. Rotor diameter: 36 ft (11 m). liaison. Gazelle. Dimensions. OH-13 Sioux.

Small. right side-mounted rotor. Upturned exhaust. Djibouti. USER COUNTRIES Algeria. Tunisia. Oval. Fixed-skid landing gear. Turkey. bubble cockpit. France. rectangular. Togo. Tail. Portugal. One turboshaft high-mounted on the fuselage to the rear of the cockpit and main rotor shaft. Fuselage. India (Cheetah). Pakistan (Lama). Rotor guard. Engine(s). Germany. . Three-blade main rotor high-mounted to the rear of the cockpit.Wings. Tail boom is open framework. Tadpole-like appearance. Ecuador. No fin. Indonesia. Belgium. transparent. square-tipped flats forward of a small.

Gazelle.02 m). France. Rotor diameter: 36 ft (11 m). antitank missiles. One. Light-attack. Machine guns. Length: 32 ft. Scout/Wasp. Alouette II. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Similar Aircraft. transport (six equipped troops). cannon. 10 in (10.ALOUETTE III (AEROSPATIALE) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. rockets. Role. Dimensions. OH-13 Sioux. Crew. general purpose. BO 105.

Wings. Three-blade main rotor on top of fuselage to the rear of the cockpit. Engine(s). One turboshaft above and to the rear of the cockpit and rotor shaft. Fuselage. Oval-shaped, glassed-in cockpit. Fixed landing gear. Tail. Rectangular flats with small, oval fins on tips. Rotor on right with prominent tail rotor guard. USER COUNTRIES Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Austria, Burkina-Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chile, Congo, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Gabon, Ghana, Greece, Guinea-Bissau, India (Chetak), Iraq, Ireland, Ivory Coast, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Nepal (Chetak), Netherlands, Nicaragua, North Yemen, Pakistan, Peru, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, South Africa, Senegal, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Switzerland, Togo, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela, Zaire.

BO 105 (MBB)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Germany. Similar Aircraft. OH-6 Cayuse, Defender 500MD, Alouette III, Mi-4 Hound. Crew. Two. Role. Observation, antitank utility. Armament. HOT antitank missiles. Dimensions. Length: 39 ft (11.84 m). Rotor diameter: 32 ft, 3 in (9.84 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION

Wings. Four-blade main rotor mounted above center of cabin. Antitank version has short, stubby, weapon-carrying outriggers on lower midsection. Engine(s). Two turboshaft engines on top of fuselage. Fuselage. Short, thick, oval-shaped, and rounded at nose and rear. Glassed-in cockpit. Landing skids. Tail. Swept-back and tapered fin. Small rectangular fins mounted at the tips of the rectangular flats. Rotor on left. USER COUNTRIES Bahrain, Brunei, Chile, Colombia, Germany, Indonesia, Iraq, Mexico, Netherlands, Nigeria, Philippines, USA.

CH-3E/HH-3E JOLLY GREEN GIANT (SIKORSKY)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. USA. Similar Aircraft. CH-53 Sea Stallion, SH-3 Sea King, Super Frelon, Puma. Crew. Two. Role. Transport, cargo (30 equipped troops), assault, search and rescue missions. Armament. Usually none. Dimensions. Length: 57 ft, 3 in (17.46 m). Rotor diameter: 62 ft (19 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION

Wings. Large, five-blade main rotor mounted above the body midsection. Engine(s). Two turboshaft engines on top of the body midsection. Two round air intakes located above and behind cockpit. Fuselage. Boat-shaped body with blunt, rounded nose, gradually tapering upward at the rear. A hump on top of the body and landing gear in pods on the sides. Stepped cockpit. Tail. Single, tapered flat on right side of swept-back fin. Small rotor on left side of fin. USER COUNTRIES Italy, USA.

CH-46 SEA KNIGHT (BOEING VERTOL)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. USA. Similar Aircraft. CH-47 Chinook. Crew. Three. Role. Transport, cargo (25 equipped troops), assault. Armament. Usually none. Dimensions. Length: 45 ft (13.68 m). Rotor diameter: 51 ft (15.56 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION

Wings. Two three-blade main rotors, one above the nose section and cabin on a hump; the other on top of high, thick tail fin. Engine(s). Two turboshafts located inside the lower part of the tail fin. Fuselage. Short and thick with flat bottom and upswept tail section. Glassed-in cockpit. Landing gear pods on bottom rear of body. Tail. High, thick tail fin with oval exhaust ports on the sides. USER COUNTRIES Japan (KV-107), USA.

Usually none.56 m). USA. Similar Aircraft. Dimensions. Transport. CH-46 Sea Knight.CH-47 CHINOOK (BOEING VERTOL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Crew. Rotor diameter: 60 ft (18. recovery.3 m). Two on flight deck. cargo (44 equipped troops). Length: 51 ft (15. Role. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament.

Glassed-in. Tapered front and rear. Canada. UK. USA. . one on each side of thick tail fin. stepped cockpit above a short. one above the nose and one above the tail section. Engine(s). Iran. rounded nose. Two turboshafts in pods. thick tail fin. High.Wings. Tail. Fuselage. Italy. Fixed landing gear. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Egypt. Libya. Thick. Two three-blade main rotors. box-like body with bulges along the sides of the midsection. Japan. Morocco. Australia. Greece.

HH-3E Jolly Green Giant. USA.CH-53 SEA STALLION (SIKORSKY) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.04 m). Armament. Usually none. Heavy-assault transport (55 equipped troops. Dimensions. SH-3 Sea King.46 m). rescue. Similar Aircraft. 3 in (22. Length: 67 ft (20. WEFT DESCRIPTION . guns). Role. Super Frelon. Rotor diameter: 72 ft. Mi-26 Halo. vehicles. Two on flight deck. Crew.

Iran. USER COUNTRIES Germany. Tail. Body tapers to rear. Glassed-in cockpit. Fuselage. Large. Large. . Engine(s). One tapered flat on right side of swept-back fin. Israel. Upswept rear section. six-blade main rotor mounted on a long hump above the body midsection. USA.Wings. Two turboshafts mounted high and outside the body midsection. boat-shaped with rounded nose. Landing gear pods at lower midsection. Rotor on left side of fin.

Length: 37 ft. Dimensions. Rockets.DAUPHIN 2 (AEROSPATIALE) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Assault-transport (8 to 10 troops). Three with crew chief. Lynx. Rotor diameter: 39 ft. Armament. Normally two. 6 in (11. attack. Similar Aircraft. Hirundo A109. France. WEFT DESCRIPTION . utility. antitank missiles on SA 365M model.43 m). Gazelle. Role.94 m). 2 in (11. Crew.

Weapons carrying platform on some models. USA. Retractable gear and flat bottom. Tail. . Four-blade main rotor. Teardrop-shaped body. Two turboshafts mounted side by side on top of cabin. Fuselage. USER COUNTRIES France. Engine(s). Tapered boom to the tail fin. Flats with swept-back tips forward of the swept-back and tapered fin with blunt tip. Rounded nose and stepped-up cockpit. Exhausts at the rear of the hump. Rotor is inside housing at the bottom of the fin. People’s Republic of China (Z-9).Wings. Air intake on side of motor hump.

Dimensions. USA. Alouette II. BO 105. Length: 23 ft (7. Rotor diameter: 26 ft. Similar Aircraft. 4 in (8. Armament. Chain gun. Role. TOW-capable.02 m). multimission. scout.04 m). OH-6 Cayuse. missiles. WEFT DESCRIPTION .DEFENDER 500 (McDONNELL DOUGLAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. ASW. antitank. Crew. One.

Tail. South Korea. and tapered. Teardrop-shaped. Iraq. USA.Wings. glassed-in cockpit. El Salvador. Flats back-tapered with small fins attached to the tips. Colombia. Dominican Republic. Spain. Jordan. Taiwan. Costa Rica. Round.or five-blade main rotor (depending on model). Fuselage. Landing skids. Weapons platform on lower rear body. Flats high-mounted on the fin forming a T. Air intakes on top of cabin. One mounted inside body. Fin boomerang-shaped. Israel. Bahrain. Engine(s). North Korea. Rotor on lower left of tail boom. Blackhole exhaust. Indonesia. swept-back. Kenya. Honduras. Either four. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Denmark. . Bolivia.

attack. Dimensions. Crew. WESTLAND) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. One. WEFT DESCRIPTION . General utility. Scout/Wasp. Armament. Alouette III. missiles. OH-13 Sioux. Dauphin 2. Rotor diameter: 34 ft. rockets.GAZELLE (AEROSPATIALE. UK. Role. Alouette II. Similar Aircraft. Length: 39 ft. 3 in (11. Machine guns. 5 in (10.6 m).98 m). France.

Three-blade main rotor mounted on top of the fuselage at the rear of the cabin. People’s Republic of China. Fan rotor housing is built into the lower tail. Tapering tail boom mid-mounted on fuselage. Landing skids. Tail. Rectangular flats with small fins. One turboshaft engine mounted on top of the fuselage and to the rear of the rotor shaft. Yugoslavia. Morocco. Syria. glassed-in cockpit. Teardrop-shaped with round. Gabon. Kenya.Wings. Iraq. Kuwait. Fuselage. Egypt. USER COUNTRIES Angola. Prominent. Burundi. UK. Lebanon. upturned exhaust. Engine(s). Qatar. Tail fin swept-back and tapered with a square tip. Rwanda. Cameroon. Ecuador. Senegal. Chad. . Cyprus. France.

pods. antitank. Similar Aircraft. HOT or TOW missiles. WEFT DESCRIPTION . UH-1N Model 212. Lynx. Rotor diameter: 36 ft (11. Utility. UH-1 Iroquois. air defense. scout. Role.02 m). Crew. ambulance.06 m). two. rockets. Machine guns. One. Armament. OH-58 Kiowa.HIRUNDO A109 (AGUSTA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. ECM. Dimensions. Length: 42 ft. 10 in (13. Italy. attack.

. Engine(s). Swept-back and tapered tail fin with angular tip. Greece. Italy. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. rounded nose section. Four-blade main rotor mounted on hump above the body midsection.Wings. Mexico. Exhaust ports protrude upward and to the rear. UK. Small rotor on left side attached to the tapered tail boom. tapered rear section. Swept-back and tapered belly fin with angular tip. Stepped cockpit. Retractable landing gear. Two turboshafts on top of fuselage. Rectangular with flat belly. Tapered. Upswept. Weapon-carrying platforms at bottom midsection. Tail. Venezuela. Fuselage.

Crew. Armament. 10 in (14 m). Dimensions. Mangusta A129. gun. Similar Aircraft.Ka-50 HOKUM (KAMOV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Antihelicopter and gunship. AH-64 Apache. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Hirundo A109.5 m). Length: 44 ft. Role. AAMs. Roter diameter: 45 ft. Rocket packs. AH-1F Cobra. 3 in (13. Two. CIS (Formerly USSR).

three-blade main rotors.Wings. Equally tapered. No tail rotor. Semicircular air intakes. Flats are located forward of the fin. Tail. widely separated with swept-back tips. Flat plated glassed-in canopy. Streamlined body tapers to the front and rear. contrarotating. Thick. Twin turboshafts mounted high on the fuselage above the stubby wings. short. Exhausts are turned outward. Flat-bottomed except for underbelly gun pod and sensor. . Coaxial. Back-tapered tail fin with a square tip. Fuselage. USER COUNTRY CIS. Engine(s). Flats are high-mounted on the tail boom with end plates. weapon-carrying wings with end plates. stubby. tapering tail boom.

Hirundo A109. minigun. HOT or TOW antitank missiles. Two. Rotor diameter: 42 ft (12. Utility. rockets. UH-1 Iroquois. OH-58 Kiowa. Crew. Role.LYNX (WESTLAND) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. antitank. Dimensions. 6 in (12. Dauphin 2. Length: 39 ft. Armament. UK. attack.8 m). Similar Aircraft. Cannon.06 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . UH-1N Model 212. missiles.

Engine(s). tapered tail boom. UK. Four-blade main rotor on a hump on top of the cabin. France. Germany. Swept-back fin is tapered. Box-like cargo compartment. stepped-up and glassed-in cockpit. Nigeria. Tail. Denmark. High-mounted. Single flat on right side near top of tail fin. Oval. Landing skids on army versions. . Naval versions have wheels. Tail rotor on left side.Wings. Norway. USER COUNTRIES Brazil. Netherlands. Two turboshaft engines on top of rear of cabin. Fuselage.

Ka-50 Hokum. missiles. or HOT-capable. TOW-. Crew. Armament. antiarmor. rockets. scout. AH-64 Apache.3 m). Light-attack. Mi-28 Havoc. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Italy. Hellfire-. Length: 46 ft. Similar Aircraft. Rotor diameter: 39 ft (12 m). Two.MANGUSTA A129 (AGUSTA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. Gun pods. 10 in (14. Role.

Two turboshaft engines mounted alongside the top of the fuselage. stubby. Weapon-carrying wings are short. . Semicircular air intakes. glassed-in and flat-plated. Slender and tapered to the rear. Fixed landing gear. Tandem cockpit. Tapered from cockpit to blunted nose. Tail. and midmounted on the fuselage. USER COUNTRY Italy. Four-blade main rotor on top center of cabin. High. Engine(s). swept-back fin with square tip. Tail rotor on left side. Boom tapers to the rear.Wings. Flats unequally tapered with square tip. Belly fin with the rear landing wheel attached. Fuselage.

Mi-1 HARE (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Role. Usually none. 8 in (12. Rotor diameter: 47 ft (14. Utility.36 m). Armament. Similar Aircraft. One. CIS (formerly USSR). Dimensions. liaison. WEFT DESCRIPTION .2 m). Length: 39 ft. None. Crew.

thin. Swept-back fin with rotor on the right top. Rounded nose and rear sections. glassedin cockpit and a long. USER COUNTRY CIS. Fuselage. Small flats are equally tapered and mounted directly in front of the fin. One radial (piston) engine mounted beneath a hump on top of cabin. Tadpole-shaped when viewed from bottom.Wings. . tapered tail boom. Three-blade main rotor mounted on a high hump on top of fuselage midsection. Stepped. Tail. Engine(s).

6 in (14.Mi-2 HOPLITE (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. search and rescue.6 m). Crew. armed support. machine guns. Mi-8 Hip. trainer. liaison. missiles. Length: 57 ft (17. Hirundo A109. reconnaissance. Armament. Rotor diameter: 47 ft. Transport. Dimensions. Rockets. Similar Aircraft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Role. CIS (formerly USSR). One.4 m). cargo.

Czech Republic. Oval exhausts on sides of engines. forming a hump. Georgia. Two turboshafts mounted side-by-side on top of cabin. Libya. Cuba. Thin. Ghana. Stepped-up cockpit and rounded nose. Syria. Germany. USER COUNTRIES Azerbaijan. Slovakia. Small. Nicaragua. Small. Fuselage. Poland. Burma. unequally tapered flats.Wings. bus-like. Hungary. Three-blade main rotor on top of large hump above the body midsection. Engine(s). Tapered tail boom. Fixed landing gear. Ukraine. Round air intakes above cockpit. Bulgaria. CIS. Rotor is on the right. Tadpole-shaped body when viewed from bottom. Tail. . swept-back fin.

Crew. Dimensions. Similar Aircraft. CIS (formerly USSR). Length: 55 ft (16. Transport (12 to 16 equipped troops). Defender 500. rockets. Machine gun pod. trainer. Three.8 m). armed support. BO 105. Rotor diameter: 69 ft (21 m). Armament. Role.Mi-4 HOUND (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION .

Large. Syria. Albania (Z-5). One piston engine mounted within the nose section. Germany. four-blade main rotor mounted on top of fuselage midsection. . North Korea. three-blade rotor attached to right side of thin fin. oval with solid. Four-wheeled landing gear. North Yemen. Tail. Sudan. Short. Bulgaria. Mali. Cuba. Small flats forward of the fin. Engine(s). Fuselage. People’s Republic of China (Z-5). Algeria. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan. Czech Republic. Vietnam.Wings. Somalia . High-mounted. long. Egypt. South Yemen. Poland. Mongolia. rounded nose and stepped-up cockpit. Small. Gun mount under belly (oil pan). Iraq. thin tail boom. Romania.

Similar Aircraft. Heavy transport (65 equipped troops). Mi-26 Halo. Dimensions. Length: 109 ft (33. Crew. Armament. CIS (formerly USSR). vehicles. Machine gun. Rotor diameter: 115 ft (35 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION . CH-3 Jolly Green Giant. Role.Mi-6 HOOK (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Five.3 m).

Tail. Small rotor on right. round. Syria. Stabilizing wings unequally tapered with blunt tips. and tilted upward to the front.Wings. five-blade main rotor centered over fuselage midsection. Fuselage. Egypt. Upswept rear section with tapered tail boom. Engine(s). CIS. Laos. Large. . Fixed landing gear. glassed-in nose section. Oval-shaped exhaust ports on sides. Round air intakes above cockpit. mounted high on the fuselage. Iraq. Vietnam. USER COUNTRIES Algeria. Peru. Long. Swept-back fin is tapered. Two turboshafts on top of fuselage midsection. stepped-up cockpit. Unequally tapered flats forward of the fin. bus-like with round.

Mi-17 Hip H. Puma.3 m). antitank missiles. Super Frelon. Armament. Armed assault-transport (24 equipped troops.Mi-8 HIP (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.32 m). Two (three with flight engineer). Rotor diameter: 70 ft (21. machine gun. and vehicles). WEFT DESCRIPTION . bombs. Rockets. Similar Aircraft. Length: 61 ft (18. Mi-2 Hoplite. Role. Dimensions. CIS (formerly USSR). Crew. light weapons.

Small flats mounted forward of the fin. Upswept rear section. Cambodia. Rounded exhaust ports. People’s Republic of China.Wings. . Slovakia. Guyana. Fuselage. Mozambique. Yugoslavia. Long. Weapon-carrying platform at lower body midsection. Hungary. Madagascar. Azerbaijan. Belarus. swept-back. Twin turboshafts mounted on top of the fuselage. Mongolia. Bulgaria. North Yemen. Germany. Sudan. Nicaragua. Egypt. Tail boom tapers to the small. Tricycle landing gear. five-blade main rotor over the engine at the body midsection. Vietnam. Syria. Ukraine. Tail. Two round air intakes just above the cockpit. Engine(s). Algeria. Iran. and tapered fin with rotor on top right or left. CIS. Two fuel pods offset and mounted low on the body. Iraq. Angola. Czech Republic. bus-like body with rounded nose and glassed-in cockpit. SouthYemen. Large. Afghanistan. Cuba. Zambia. Croatia. USER COUNTRIES Armenia.

antitank. AH-1 Cobra (all models). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Role. 6 in (17 m). Two. Missiles. Length: 55 ft (16. Dimensions. guns. rockets. Assault. AH-64 Apache. UH-60 Black Hawk. gunship. CIS (formerly USSR). Crew. Rotor diameter: 55 ft. Armament. Mangusta A129. Similar Aircraft.Mi-24 HIND (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.78 m).

oval-shaped body. Syria. Vietnam. oval-shaped body. Afghanistan. Peru. Two round air intakes located just above the cockpit. Belarus. CIS. Engine(s). stubby. Angola. Mozambique. Hind A: Large. Exhaust ports on sides of engine(s). Bulgaria. Iran. Cambodia. Tail. Czech Republic. Short. Five-blade main rotor mounted on top of fuselage midsection. Algeria. weapon-carrying wings mounted at midsection. Fuselage. Ukraine. tapered fin with rotor on right on some models. North Korea. Iraq. Poland. Slovakia. Libya. nose modification with tandem bubble canopies. Germany. . Cuba. Tapered flats on boom just forward of the fin. glassed-in cockpit. Hungary. USER COUNTRIES Armenia. Nicaragua. Mongolia. South Yemen. and a chinmounted turret. Ethiopia. and fuselage tapering at the rear to the tail boom. Georgia. Swept-back. Hind D: Large.Wings. Two turboshafts mounted above body midsection.

Mi-6 Hook. Length: 111 ft (33. CIS (formerly USSR). Heavy cargo-transport (100+ equipped troops. Rotor diameter: 105 ft (32 m).Mi-26 HALO (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. Role.8 m). Crew. Usually none. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament. Similar Aircraft. armored vehicles). Four. HH-3E Jolly Green Giant.

Exhaust ports at sides of engines. slightly tapered fin with large rotor on right side. Fuselage. Fixed tricycle landing gear. CIS. Upswept rear section. Two turboshafts mounted on top of the cabin. Eight-blade main rotor mounted above the fuselage midsection on a hump. USER COUNTRIES India. bus-like body tapers to the nose and rear. Flats are forward-tapered and lowmounted on leading edge of the fin. Engine(s). . Tail. Rounded nose and stepped-up cockpit. Round air intakes above and behind the cockpit.Wings. Swept-back. Long.

Role. Mangusta A129. antitank missiles. Armament. AH-64 Apache.Mi-28 HAVOC (MIL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.04 m). Rotor diameter: 56 ft (17. Attack. cannon. Dimensions. Length: 57 ft (17.4 m). AAMs. Similar Aircraft. rockets. Crew. WEFT DESCRIPTION . CIS (formerly USSR). Two. AH-1F Cobra.

wide.Wings. Flat high-mounted on the fin. Engine(s). Slender and tapers to the tail boom and nose. stepped-up cockpits. Fixed landing gear. Tandem. Tail. Short. Cannon mounted beneath the belly. tapered. Five-blade main rotor mounted above the body midsection. . weaponcarrying wings mounted to the rear of body midsection. Fuselage. Downturned exhausts. Two turboshafts in pods mounted alongside the top of the fuselage. USER COUNTRY CIS. Tapering tail boom to swept-back fin. Rotor mounted on right.

Dimensions. Armament. liaison. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Observation. Usually none. Role. Defender 500MD.OH-6A CAYUSE (HUGHES) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.92 m). One. Hardware available for minigun mount. Rotor diameter: 26 ft (7. Crew. BO 105. USA. Similar Aircraft.4 m). Length: 21 ft (6.

Engine(s). USA. One turboshaft located on the top rear of the fuselage. Upswept rear section. Tail. tapering tail boom. Y tail. glassed-in cockpit. Four-blade main rotor mounted above the fuselage midsection. Fuselage. Skid-type landing gear.Wings. Rotor on the left attached to the tail boom. Nicaragua. . USER COUNTRIES Brazil. Teardrop-shaped with round. Thin. Japan.

Scout/Wasp. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Gazelle. Utility. Similar Aircraft. One.OH-13 SIOUX (BELL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Alouette II. 7 in (9. Minigun.32 m). Alouette III. Armament. observation. rocket pods. Length: 31 ft. Dimensions. Crew.64 m). USA. Rotor diameter: 37 ft (11. Role.

Turkey. USA. Open-grid midsection and tail boom tapers to the rear. Belly fin. Engine(s). Fuselage. Uganda. rectangular flats. Colombia.Wings. Thailand. Dual-blade main rotor located above body midsection behind the cockpit. Round (goldfish bowl). . Small rotor centered at end of boom with rotor guard. glassed-in cockpit. Skids with movable wheels attached for handling. USER COUNTRIES Brazil. One piston engine located inside latticework midsection behind the cockpit. Small. Spain. Tail.

Utility. WEFT DESCRIPTION . USA. UH-1 Iroquois. scout. Crew.62-mm minigun. Role. 4 in (10.45 m). Lynx. Rotor diameter: 33 ft. Dimensions. Two.OH-58D KIOWA (BELL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.16 m). Hirundo A109. Length: 31 ft (9. Similar Aircraft. 7. Armament. UH-1N Model 212. observation.

Engine(s). Saudi Arabia. United Arab Emirates. Jamaica. Venezuela. Nepal. South Korea. Guatemala. Guyana. Chile. Swept-back and tapered fin that is boomerang-shaped. pointed nose. . Libya. Oval body. Fuselage. Tail. Canada. Morocco.Wings. USER COUNTRIES Australia. Rotor on the left. Tanzania. Japan. Kenya. Brunei. One engine on top rear of midsection in a hump-like fairing. Thailand. Austria. North Yemen. Two-blade main rotor on top of aircraft midsection. Mid-mounted. USA. Oman. and tapered rear section to a mid-mounted tail boom. rectangular flats. Bangladesh. Sri Lanka. Colombia.

Crew. Rotor diameter: 49 ft (14. UH-60 Black Hawk. missiles. Armed transport (16 equipped troops).96 m). Two. rockets. Mi-8 Hip. . Super Frelon.PUMA (AEROSPATIALE. Dimensions. UK. France. HH-3E Jolly Green Giant. Similar Aircraft. machine guns. SH-3 Sea King. Armament. WESTLAND) GENERAL DATA Countries of Origin. Role. Cannon. CH-53 Sea Stallion. Length: 46 ft (14 m).

Sudan. Nepal. Two turboshaft engines mounted on top of fuselage midsection giving the helicopter a humpbacked appearance. Togo. Nigeria. Iraq. Pakistan. Lebanon. Long. Kenya. four-blade main rotor mounted above center of fuselage on a hump. Jordan. single flat on left top of the fin.WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Djibouti. Tail. Iceland. stepped-up. Senegal. Germany. Swept-back and tapered fin. Zaire. Singapore. UK. Indonesia. Portugal. Retractable landing gear. Engine(s). USER COUNTRIES Algeria. Kuwait. . Mexico. Libya. rectangular. South Africa. Switzerland. Chad. France. Spain. Belgium. Tapered. Chile. Rounded. glassed-in cockpit. Rotor on the right. United Arab Emirates. Fuselage. Malawi. Philippines. Brazil. Panama. Morocco. Gabon. and tapered rear section. Oman. Ecuador. Large. upswept. Ivory Coast. Argentina.

UK. OH-13 Sioux. 3 in (9. Armament. Gazelle. Alouette III. rockets. Length: 30 ft.84 m). Dimensions. WEFT DESCRIPTION . WASP (WESTLAND) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Accommodations for antitank missiles.SCOUT. Crew. Role.26 m). Utility. cannon. 4 in (9. Rotor diameter: 32 ft. One. Alouette II. Similar Aircraft.

including top. tapered fin with small rotor on the left. Fuselage. Rectangular flats (Army version) mounted to the underside of boom below the fin.Wings. slightly tapered rear section. Swept-back. Engine(s). Rounded nose. glassed-in cockpit. Four-blade main rotor mounted on a shaft behind the cabin and between the cabin and engine. Indonesia. One turboshaft mounted behind rear of cabin (exposed). Malaysia. Tail. USER COUNTRIES Brazil. stepped-up. New Zealand. Fixed landing gear. UK. .

Rotor diameter: 62 ft (18. Super Frelon. rockets. depth charges. Homing torpedoes. Amphibious assault-transport (30 equipped troops). WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament. Similar Aircraft. search and rescue. USA. missiles. HH-3E Jolly Green Giant. antisubmarine. CH-53 Sea Stallion. Length: 56 ft (16. Role.92 m). Two on flight deck. Dimensions.SH-3 SEA KING (SIKORSKY) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Crew.97 m). cannon. two in main cabin. Puma.

Boat-hull shape. Rotor on left side. Iran. Egypt. Retractable landing gear. Peru. Iraq. Swept-back fin is tapered. Third wheel of landing gear is fixed. . Fuselage. five-blade main rotor on top of fuselage midsection. India. Two turboshaft engines mounted on top of cabin. Long. Oval exhausts on sides of engines. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. box-like with blunt nose. Canada. Norway. Germany. Australia. Spain. USA. Brazil. Tail. thick. Italy. Pakistan.Wings. Single flat is tapered with square tip mounted at the top right side of fin. Large. UK. Belgium. Circular air intakes above cockpit. Tapered cockpit. Engine(s). Upswept rear section.

three in main cabin. Similar Aircraft. Two on flight deck. Torpedoes. Mi-8 Hip.92 m). Crew. Puma. Length: 75 ft. Role. 7 in (23. CH-53 Sea Stallion. Dimensions. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION .02 m). Rotor diameter: 62 ft (18. SH-3 Sea King. naval operations. France. HH-3E Jolly Green Giant. Assault-transport (38 equipped troops).SUPER FRELON (AEROSPATIALE) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.

People’s Republic of China. Tail. Three turboshafts. tapered. Fixed landing gear.Wings. Zaire. tapered fin. Boom tapers from main body to swept-back. USER COUNTRIES France. Israel. Engine(s). Round air intakes above and behind cockpit. the third is behind the main rotor. . Six-blade main rotor mounted above center of fuselage. Iraq. Single. Boat-hull type with stabilizing floats on either side of body. Nose is round with glassed-in cockpit. Rotor on left. Upswept rear section. and and flatmounted on the right side of fin. Libya. Fuselage. Two are mounted side-by-side atop the fuselage forward of main rotor.

Hirundo A109. OH-58 Kiowa. UH-1N Model 212. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Length: 42 ft (12. Lynx. Similar Aircraft.64 m). Utility transport (seven equipped troops). Crew. machine guns. Role.79 m).UH-1 IROQUOIS (BELL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Armament. Missiles. USA. rockets. Rotor diameter: 48 ft (14. Dimensions. Two.

Taiwan. Chile. oval body. Finland. Germany. Thailand. Rounded nose. Fuselage. Stepped-up cockpit. Swell in center of cabin. Uruguay. Greece. Zambia. Austria. Engine(s). Somalia. Bolivia. Italy. Japan. Norway. Malta. rectangular flats with square tips. Suriname. Pakistan. One turboshaft on top rear of cabin. El Salvador. Australia. North Yemen. Israel. Turkey. Swept-back fin with rotor on the left. Tail. Guatemala. Mid-mounted. Oman. USA. Morocco. Venezuela. North Yemen. . Spain. with tapered rear. Peru. Iran. Mexico. Canada. United Arab Emirates. Saudi Arabia. Landing skids. New Zealand. Dual-blade main rotor mounted over the cabin.Wings. Ecuador. Tanzania. Indonesia. Philippines. South Korea. Burma. Paraguay. Brazil. Long. Panama. Singapore. Ethiopia. Honduras. Colombia. Tunisia. Uganda. USER COUNTRIES Argentina.

Lynx. Dimensions. Two (three with crew chief). depth charges.UH-1N MODEL 212 (BELL) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Armament. UH-1 Iroquois. USA. General purpose utility. Similar Aircraft. Rotor diameter: 48 ft (14.79 m). OH-58 Kiowa. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Length: 42 ft (12. Role. Crew. Hirundo A109. homing torpedoes.64 m). ASMs. naval operations.

Iran. . Bangladesh. Japan. Tail. Israel. Fixed-skid landing gear. Air intakes in front of engine.Wings. Venezuela. USA. Ecuador. Engine(s). Swell in center of cabin. Mexico. Jamaica. Canada. Philippines. Saudi Arabia. dual-blade main rotor on hump at top rear of cabin. Somalia . tapered fin with rotor on the right. Ghana. Italy. North Yemen. Two turboshafts with a combining gear box. Guatemala. Large. Stepped-up cockpit and tapered rear section. South Korea. Brunei. Thailand. Peru. Sudan. Sri Lanka. Austria. Uganda. Long and oval with rounded nose. Panama. Fuselage. Rectangular flats mounted on the boom forward of the fin. Boom tapers to swept-back. Botswana. Guyana. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Zambia. Turkey. Paraguay. Morocco. Nigeria.

Mi-8 Hip. mine dispensers. 8 in (16. Puma. WEFT DESCRIPTION .UH-60A BLACK HAWK (SIKORSKY) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. Mi-24 Hind.9 m). rockets. Armament. Hirundo A109. Crew.25 m). Similar Aircraft. multipurpose. Length: 51 ft (15. machine guns. Assault-transport (11 equipped troops). Hellfire missiles. Two. Rotor diameter: 53 ft. Role. USA.

USER COUNTRIES Colombia. Israel. Four-blade main rotor with swept-back tips mounted on top center of fuselage. Tail. Semicircular air intakes. USA. Large. rectangular fuselage tapers to the rear. Spain (SH-60). Rounded nose with stepped cockpit. Fixed landing gear. . Oval exhausts.Wings. Two turboshaft engines within a hump on top of fuselage. unequally tapered flat mounted low on the fin. Slender. Engine(s). Fuselage. Boom tapers to a high. swept-back fin with tail rotor on right.

Other types shown will be within range and operating low enough to be recognized for an engagement decision. Some aircraft covered in this chapter are high-flying and will not be seen within range of FAAD guns and missiles. For each aircraft. user countries. general data. and aircraft manufacturer information. Line drawings are not to scale. observation. The following illustration shows early warning. and reconnaissance aircraft that are built and used for special purposes. observation. there are line drawings. Observation. WEFT descriptions. There are aircraft shown in other chapters that can and are used in these roles. . but not as the aircraft’s primary mission. and Reconnaissance Aircraft This chapter features early warning. photographs.CHAPTER 11 Early Warning. and reconnaissance aircraft WEFT description features.

.Chapter 11 Aircraft List A-50 Mainstay E-2C Hawkeye E-3A Sentry EA-6B Prowler EF-111A Raven Il-20 Coot-A Nimrod AEW3 OV-1 Mohawk P-3C Orion S-2 Tracker S-3A Viking .

5 m). Similar Aircraft. Seven. Dimensions. CIS (formerly USSR). E-3 Sentry.A-50 MAINSTAY (ILYUSHIN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 6 in (50. Span: 165 ft. Tail turret. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Armament. control. Crew. 8 in (46.5 m). Role. Length: 152 ft. AEW.

Flats swept-back and tapered with blunt tips high-mounted on the swept-back. Tail. swept-back. tapered fin. Stepped-up cockpit. . and tapered with blunt tips. Four turbofans mounted on pylons under and extending beyond the wings’ leading edges. Engine(s). High-mounted. forming a T. round tapering to the rear with a radome on the chin. Fuselage. Long. Saucer type radome on top of the aircraft.Wings. USER COUNTRY CIS.

Crew.E-2C HAWKEYE (GRUMMAN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION . USA. Span: 80 ft. Five.222. Length: 57 ft. C-160 Transall. None. Similar Aircraft. AEW. G. Dimensions. Armament. Role. 6 in (17.53 m).6 m). 6 in (24.

Four fins (two fins are mounted on the tips of the flats and extend below the flats. the two inside fins are mounted on top of the flats). USA. Israel. Japan.Wings. Two turboprops mounted under the wings. Fuselage. Tail. . Stepped-up cockpit. Engine(s). USER COUNTRIES Egypt. Engines extend well beyond the wings’ leading edges. High-mounted and equally tapered with blunt tips. Oval that tapers to the rear. Singapore. Rounded nose. Flats are high-mounted on the fuselage and have a positive slant. Large radome.

Armament. Similar Aircraft. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Seventeen. 7 in (44.6 m). A-50 Mainstay. Role. Length: 152 ft. 9 in (46.4 m). USA. None.E-3A SENTRY (BOEING) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. Span: 154 ft. Crew. AWACS.

and tapered with a positive slant. tapered fin with a square tip. Tail. Large radome on top of the body between the wings and tail section. USER COUNTRIES Israel. An electronics pod is mounted on the right wing-tip. and mid-mounted on the fuselage. Luxembourg (NATO). Fuselage. tapers to the rear. Engines extend well forward of the wings’ leading edges. Engine(s). cigar-shaped.Wings. Rounded nose. swept-back. Low-mounted. stepped-up cockpit. . USA. Four turbojets mounted on pylons under the wings. Round. Swept-back. Flats are swept-back. tapered. Saudi Arabia.

Crew.15 m). Armament. USA. Length: 59 ft 10 in (18. WEFT DESCRIPTION .EA-6B PROWLER (GRUMMAN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. ECM. A-6 Intruder. Hunter. A-6 Intruder--two. Span: 53 ft (16. Similar Aircraft. Four. Role. Dimensions.24 m). HARM.

Teardrop-shaped with a rounded nose. Semicircular air intakes below and forward of the wing roots. There is a small fairing in the leading edge. Fuselage. and tapered with blunt tips. . Long. Swept-back. Unequally tapered tail fin with ECM pod at the top. Exhausts are in the trailing edges of the wing roots. Tail.Wings. swept-back. Mid-mounted. stepped canopy with added enclosure for ECM operators. USER COUNTRY USA. tapered tail flats high-mounted on the fuselage with blunt tips. Two turbojets mounted on body midsection. Engine(s). Body tapers to the rear section.

7 m). Armament. Similar Aircraft. ECM. 9 in (9. Length: 77 ft (23. Role. F-111.2 m). Su-24 Fencer. Span: 63 ft (19. Swept: 31 ft. Tornado. Usually none. .EF-111A RAVEN (GENERAL DYNAMICS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Crew.4 m). MiG-23/27 Flogger. Two. Dimensions. USA.

WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. High-mounted, variable, swept-back, and tapered with blunt tips. Wing span changes in flight. Engine(s). Two turbojets mounted in the rear section. Air intakes are 1/4 pie-shaped under the wings giving the aircraft a rounded appearance from the head-on view. Fuselage. Long with a long, pointed nose and a bubble canopy. Tail. Swept-back, tapered fin with an electronics pod at the tip. Large tail flats are swept-back, tapered with clipped tips, and high-mounted on the fuselage. USER COUNTRY USA.

Il-20 COOT-A (ILYUSHIN)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. CIS (formerly USSR). Similar Aircraft. P-3C Orion, An-24 Coke, An-12 Cub. Crew. Five. Role. Electronics surveillance. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 117 ft, 9 in (35.9 m). Span: 122 ft, 7 in (37.4 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION

Wings. Low-mounted and unequally tapered with blunt tips and positive slant. Engine(s). Four turboprops mounted in the wings and extending forward of the wings. Fuselage. Round, cigar-shaped tapered at the rear and a rounded nose. Stepped-up cockpit. Bulges on sides of fuselage aft of the cockpit. Pod carried on the fuselage bottom is a SLAR. Tail. Back-tapered fin with square tip. Equally tapered flats, mid-mounted on the fuselage. USER COUNTRIES Afghanistan (Il-18), CIS.

NIMROD AEW3 (BAe)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. UK. Similar Aircraft. Nimrod, P-3C Orion. Crew. Twelve. Role. Surveillance, ASW. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 126 ft, 7 in (38.6 m). Span: 114 ft, 8 in (35 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION

Wings. Low-mounted, swept-back, and tapered with blunt tips. Wide wing roots. External fuel tanks in wings extend beyond the wings’ leading edges. Engine(s). Four turbojets mounted in the wing roots. Oval air intakes. Exhausts are to the rear of the trailing edges of the wings. Fuselage. Cigar-shaped with rounded nose and and tapered rear section. Rounded tail boom. Stepped cockpit. Tail. Fin is equally tapered with an ECM pod mounted at the top. Large angular fairing. Flats are highmounted on the fuselage and back-tapered with a positive slant. USER COUNTRY UK.

OV-1 MOHAWK (GRUMMAN)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. USA. Similar Aircraft. S-2 Tracker, OV-10 Bronco, An-2 Colt. Crew. Two. Role. Battlefield surveillance. Armament. Normally unarmed (capable of carrying minigun, bombs, and rockets). Dimensions. Length: 41 ft (12.5 m). Span: 48 ft (14.64 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION

Wings. Mid-mounted and equally tapered with blunt tips. Positive slant. Engine(s). Two turboprops mounted on top of and extending beyond wings’ leading edges. Fuselage. Club-shaped and tapered to rear section. Blunt nose. Two-seat, stepped-up cockpit. When installed, SLAR is prominently exposed beneath the right side and forward part of the body. Tail. Triple fins are equally tapered. Outer fins extend above and below the flat. Center fin appears taller. Flats are tapered with a positive slant. USER COUNTRY USA.

C-130 Hercules. Similar Aircraft. Span: 99 ft. 8 in (35. Il-20 Coot. WEFT DESCRIPTION . ASW.4 m). Role. depth charges. An-24 Coke. Length: 116 ft. Ten. USA.P-3C ORION (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Crew.6 m). Reconnaissance. 7 in (30. Torpedoes. Dimensions. Armament.

and a positive slant. Low-mounted and forward tapered with blunt tips. Fin is rounded and tapered with a curved fairing. New Zealand. Spain. Portugal. Engine nacelles extend beyond the leading edges of the wings. equally tapered. Engine(s). Iran. Flats are high-mounted on the fuselage. Japan. Four turboprops mounted in the wings. Canada. USA. Iceland. USER COUNTRIES Australia. Radar boom mounted on the rear of the tail. Fuselage. Netherlands. Tail. Cigar-shaped with rounded nose and stepped-up cockpit. . Positive slant. Norway.Wings.

Four. Armament. Torpedoes. S-3 Viking. Crew.1 m). reconnaissance. WEFT DESCRIPTION . USA. Role. Dimensions.S-2 TRACKER (GRUMMAN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 5 in (22. depth charges. Similar Aircraft. Length: 43 ft. rockets. Antisubmarine. OV-1 Mohawk. Span: 72 ft. 5 in (13.3 m).

. Flats low-mounted on the fin and are backtapered. Fuselage. Rounded nose. Uruguay. USA. South Korea. Fin back-tapered with round tip and a curved fairing. Taiwan. Lebanon. Tail. Two turboprops or piston engines mounted in the wings. Venezuela. USER COUNTRIES Argentina. Turkey. Engine nacelles extend beyond the leading and trailing edges of the wings. High-mounted and equally tapered with rounded tips. stepped-up cockpit. Oval and club-shaped that tapers to the rear. Thailand. Canada. Engine(s).Wings. and radome on the belly. Brazil.

Armament. Length: 53 ft. Dimensions. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Role. 6 in (20. S-2 Tracker.9 m).2 m). Span: 68 ft. Torpedoes. 3 in (16.S-3A VIKING (LOCKHEED) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Similar Aircraft. Four. mines. Crew. transport. USA. ASW. depth charges.

Wings. and tapers to the rear. Engines extend beyond the leading edges of the wings. Fuselage. Tail. High-mounted and back-tapered with electronic pods at the tips. Flats are back-tapered with blunt tips. USER COUNTRY USA. and a positive slant. Engine(s). Rounded nose and a stepped-up cockpit. . Two turbofans mounted on pylons under the wings just outboard of the wing roots. Fin swept-back and tapered with a square tip. club-shaped. high-mounted on the fuselage. Oval.

UAVs will perform a variety of missions. and acquisition (RISTA). photographs. surveillance. targeting. and in some cases. WEFT descriptions. Line drawings are not to scale. or on impact. For each aircraft. on command.CHAPTER 12 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Cruise Missiles This chapter shows examples of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and cruise missiles. reconnaissance. One. general data. intelligence. there are line drawings. which detonate at proximity. UAVs were selected from each group to be represented in this manual. observation. and reconnaissance aircraft WEFT description features. For this manual. UAVs were grouped together based on similarities and roles. There are many more UAVs than can be listed here. and aircraft manufacturer information. user countries. The following illustration shows early warning. Cruise missiles are like artillery. two. .

Chapter 12 Aircraft List Apache CWS AS-4 Kitchen AS-15 Kent Banshee BTT-3 Brevel BQM-34 Firebee II C-101 Crecerelle D-4 NPU DR-3 Reys Model 324 Model 410 Mirach 26 Mirach 100 MK-105 Flash MK-106 HIT Pioneer Predator Raven Scout Shmel-1 Yak-061 Taifun Tomahawk AGM-86 . .

01 m). Tomahawk. Length: 16 ft. Cruise. Submunitions and HE warhead. and a slight negative slant. High-mounted on body. France.53 m). Role. straight with square tips. 4 in (5. Similar Aerial Platform. 3 in (2.APACHE CWS (MATRA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Dimensions. air-to-ground attack. AGM-86. . Span: 8 ft. Armament.

Radar in nose is not visible. Fin unequally tapered with square tip. Tail. tapers to a pointed nose and a blunt rear. Round. USER COUNTRY France.Engine(s). Round exhaust in rear. straight with square tips. Fuselage. Single turbojet mounted in rear of fuselage. .to high-mounted on the fuselage. Flats mid. Air intake in scoop beneath the rear section.

Length: 37 ft (11.AS-4 KITCHEN (CIS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Armament. Long-range. CIS. Span: 9 ft. . Mid-mounted. DR-3. Role. delta-shaped wings with square tips. Dimensions. 8 in (3 m).3 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Similar Aerial Platform. air-to surface missile. radar-guided. 350-kt nuclear or 1000-kg HE.

Blunt rear. round.Engine(s). Fin back-tapered with a square tip. USER COUNTRY CIS. Long. Fuselage. Fairing on the belly. Flats mid-mounted on body. . slender body that tapers to a pointed nose. delta-shaped with square tips. Tail. Liquid propellent with exhaust in the rear.

Air launched cruise missile (ALCM). Role.1 m). Span: 10 ft. straight with square tips.AS-15 KENT (CIS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. CIS. 200-kt nuclear. AS-4 Kitchen. Mid-mounted on body. 1 in (3. Dimensions. Similar Aerial Platform. Length: 19 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. . Armament. 6 in (6 m).

Engine(s). Single turbofan in rear body. Round air intake. Round exhaust. Fuselage. Long, round, rounded nose and blunt rear section. Tail. Flats mid-mounted and back-tapered. Fin is swept-back and tapered. USER COUNTRY CIS.

BANSHEE BTT-3 (MEGGITT AEROSPACE)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. UK. Similar Aerial Platform. Crecerelle, DR-3. Role. Target drone, reconnaissance. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 9 ft, 6 in (2.95 m). Span: 8 ft, 1 in (2.49 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Low-mounted and delta-shaped. Wings have a positive slant.

Engine(s). Single jet in rear. Single exhaust. May have prop-driven engine with prop at the rear in the opposing position. Fuselage. Round and tapers to the front. Blunt rear with jet engine, and a cone with rotary engine. Tail. Tall, swept-back fin. No flats. USER COUNTRIES UK and over 20 other countries.

BREVEL (MATRA, MBB)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. France, Germany. Similar Aerial Platform. Taifun. Role. Recon, target locate/designate, and image assessment. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 7 ft, 5 in (2.3 m). Span: 11 ft, 1 in (3.4 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Low-mounted, back-tapered leading and straight trailing edges with positive slant.

Engine(s). One piston engine mounted on rear of fuselage in the opposing position. Fuselage. Round body. Rounded, glassed-in nose section. Tail. Back-tapered fin. Small, round radar dish on top. No flats. USER COUNTRIES France, Germany.

BQM-34 FIREBEE II (TELEDYNE RYAN)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. USA. Similar Aerial Platform. D-3, I 24 I. Role. Reconnaissance, target. Armament. Usually none. Dimensions. Length: 22 ft, 10 in (6.98 m). Span: 12 ft, 10 in (3.93 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Mid-mounted, swept-back, and untapered with angular tips.

Engine(s). Bulging jet on belly. Oval intake and round exhaust. Fuselage. Round, tapered front and rear. Pointed nose and tail cone. Belly fin. Tail. Flats high-mounted, swept-back, and untapered. Fin swept-back and tapered. USER COUNTRIES China, Iran, Israel, USA.

AS-15 Kent. Similar Aerial Platform. Length: 19 ft (5. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. China. they are mid-mounted on the body near the nose section. Medium-range. 9 in (1. Role. Similar to canards. Span: 3 ft.8 m). 400-kg warhead. air-to-surface cruise missile.2 m). . Dimensions. Armament.C-101 (CPMIEC) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.

round. Tail. Small round intakes and large round exhausts. Blunt rear. V-mounted. Side-mounted ramjet mid-mounted on the body. Long. and tapers to nose cone. . back-tapered tail flats. Square tail fin forward of tail flats. Fuselage.Engine(s). Launch rail on bottom. USER COUNTRY China.

CRECERELLE (TARGET TECHNOLOGY)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. UK, France. Similar Aerial Platform. Banshee, ASR-4 Spectre. Crew. None. Role. RISTA UAV. Armament. Usually none. Dimensions. Length: 8 ft 8 in (2.7 m). Span: 10 ft 8 in (3.3 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Low-mounted, delta-shaped with large, square tips.

Engine(s). Twin-cylinder, two-cycle. Two-bladed propeller in the opposing position. Fuselage. Round, tapers to a round nose. Blunt rear. Tail. Swept-back and tapered tail fin with a square tip. No flats. USER COUNTRIES France, Netherlands, United Kingdom.

D-4 NPU (XIAN NPU)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. China. Similar Aerial Platform. MK-105 Flash. Predator. Role. Multirole, reconnaissance, surveillance and target. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 10 ft, 8 in (3.32 m). Span: 14 ft, 10 in (4.30 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. High-mounted, straight to the midsection, tapered from midwing to tips.

Engine(s). Single, prop-driven engine in the nose section. Fuselage. Round and tapers to front and rear. Fixed landing pads. Tail. Flats high-mounted on body and equally tapered. Fin is equally tapered. USER COUNTRIES China and exported.

DR-3 REYS (TUPOLEV)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. CIS. Similar Aerial Platform. DR-5, Banshee, Crecerelle. Role. Tactical reconnaissance UAV. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 23 ft (7.3 m). Span: 9 ft 10 in (3 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Low-mounted and delta-shaped with square tips. Small, swept-back canards.

Engine(s). Large, jet on top rear of fuselage. Large air intake. Fuselage. Long, slender, tapers to the front, blunt rear. Pitot tube. Tail. Short, swept-back fin on top of engine. Tail cone. USER COUNTRY CIS.

MODEL 324 (TELEDYNE RYAN)

GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. USA. Similar Aerial Platforms. C-101. Role. Day and night reconnaissance. Armament. None. Dimensions. Length: 20 ft, 1 in (6.12 m). Span: 11 ft (3.35 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Low-mounted, swept-back, and tapered.

Fuselage. Flat-bottomed. Pointed nose and hump on aft top of craft. Two swept-back and tapered fins mounted on unequally tapered flats. . Turbojet hidden in aft belly compartment until launch. USER COUNTRY USA.Engine(s). Tail.

USA. Similar Aerial Platforms.55 m). Length: 21 ft. Role. tapered with a blunt tip. 6 in (6. EW. . None.60 m). Pioneer. MK-105 Flash. Armament. 3 in (9. Reconnaissance. Span: 31 ft. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Dimensions. High-mounted. Scout.MODEL 410 (TELEDYNE RYAN) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin.

Fuselage. Tail. . USER COUNTRY USA. Tapered back fins mounted on booms. Flat bottom. Four-cylinder turbo on rear of fuselage in the opposing position. Round and tapers to the front and rear. Fixed landing gear. Rectangular flat between fins.Engine(s).

73 m). Ranger.MIRACH 26 (ALENIA) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Shaheen. Italy.85 m). 5 in (4. High-mounted. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Span: 15 ft. Similar Aerial Platform. Dimensions. Length: 12 ft. straight to midwing. Close-range tactical mini-UAV. 6 in (3. MK-105 Flash. Role. . and tapered to square tips. Armament. Mastiff. None.

Long. swept-back fins. with curved spine. Sensors. Fuselage. Rectangular flat between fins. .Engine(s). Thin tail booms to tall. wide belly fins. Small piston engine mounted on the rear of the body in the opposing position. Tail. Rounded. USER COUNTRY Italy.

Role. Marakub 100 (Iraq). Dimensions. Length: 13. Italy.804 m). tactical cruise. 9 in (1. Span: 5 ft. ft 5 in (4. Libya. C. . Iraq. Armament.22. Similar Aerial Platform. Mirach 150. Low-mounted. back-tapered and semidelta with square tips. HE warhead on cruise.126 m).MIRACH 100 (METEOR) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Target drone. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. MQ-2 Bigua.

Tail. Oval intake and round exhaust. Round.Engine(s). tapered to the front and rear. Back-tapered. USER COUNTRIES Argentina (MQ-2 Bigua). Two belly fins. Iraq. . Tail cone. Libya. Greece. Fuselage. Single jet on top rear. Italy. V-type flats on sides of engine.

34 m). . Similar Aerial Platform. Shaheen.40 m). Germany. Span: 14 ft. USA. France. Ranger ADS 90. MK III.MK-105 FLASH (IAT) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Short-range multirole UAV. 4 in (4. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. High-mounted and forward tapered from midwing to the square tips. Role. Dimensions: Length: 10 ft. Usually none. Mirach 26. 9 in (3. UK. Mastiff.

Round with round. prop driven on rear of fuselage in the opposing position.Engine(s). Thin booms. Fuselage. glass nose. USER COUNTRIES France. Square flat on top of fins. . Germany. Back-tapered fins on booms. Tail. Four-cylinder. IR bubble sensor on belly.

1 m). Multirole. Similar Aerial Platform. France. Mid-mounted and semidelta with square tips. Raki. 5 in (2 m).MK-106 HIT (IAT) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. reconnaissance/targeting. UK. Dimensions. Harry. Armament. 8 in (2. Role. None. USA. AW-10. Span: 6 ft. Length: 6 ft. Large semidelta canards mounted . Winglets at tips. Germany. Donier DAR.

. USER COUNTRIES France. No fins or flats. Germany. Engine(s). USA.high at the nose section. Four-cylinder. Launch fairing on belly. tapering to the round nose. Tail. UK. prop-driven and mounted in the rear in opposing position. Round. Fuselage.

26 m). Armament. 9 in (4. USA. None. Scout. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Scout II. Role. Span: 16 ft. Hunter. IAI) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. High-mounted and straight with square tips. Length: 13 ft. . Struts on wings attached to body. Similar Aerial Platforms. Dimensions. Israel. 7 in (5.11 m).PIONEER (AAI. Short and medium-range surveillance and reconnaissance.

Engine(s). USA. tapers to a pointed nose and rear. USER COUNTRIES Israel. Fixed landing gear. Booms mounted to square fins which extend above and below a straight flat. Tail. Fuselage. slab-sided. Oval. prop-driven and mounted in fuselage rear in the opposing position. Single. 12-34 .

Role. Low-mounted and sharply-tapered with a slight positive slant. .PREDATOR (GAAS) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions. Armament. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. 7 in (12. None. 6 in (8.12 m). Span: 41 ft. targeting. USA.71 m). Similar Aerial Platform. Reconnaissance. Length: 26 ft. D-4 NPU.

. No fin. Low-mounted rectangular flats and sharp negative slant. prop-driven and mounted on rear in the opposing position. Single. tubular. Round. USER COUNTRIES USA. Bulging at the front one-third. Tail.Engine(s). Fuselage.

High-mounted and straight with blunt. None. Remote terrain observation. Length: 9 ft.25 m).SHMEL-1 Yak-061 (YAKOVLEV) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. 1 in (2. Similar Aerial Platform.78 m). WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. . Armament. None. negative slanted tips. CIS. Span: 10 ft. Dimensions. 6 in (3. Role.

Syria. USER COUNTRIES CIS. Pads on feet of four curved legs for landing. Prop-engine and has a round enclosure at the rear in the opposing position. Fuselage. Tail.Engine(s). Three swept-back stabilizers on rear of craft forming the engine housing. . Rounded. bullet nose.

Role. Span: 7 ft 5 in (2. Armament. Shaped charge.TAIFUN (SYSTEMTECHNIK NORD) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Dimensions.3 m).8 m). Germany. WEFT DESCRIPTION . Length: 5 ft 9 in (1. Crew. Brevel. None. Similar Aerial Platform. Anti-armor drone.

Mid-mounted. Fuselage. Round. USER COUNTRY Germany. Two cylinder. piston engine with prop mounted in the opposing position. Tail. Engine(s). back-tapered with square tips.Wings. Back-tapered top and belly fin with square tips and sensor pods. X-section. cylinder-shape with bulbous nose and blunt rear. .

32 m). 9 in (3. . square tips. swept-back. Apache. Nuclear or HE warhead. Span: 11 ft. Armament. Dimensions. WEFT DESCRIPTION Wings. Similar Aerial Platforms. and untapered with small. Role. Length: 20 ft. 7 in (6.65 m). USA. Air-launched cruise missile.TOMAHAWK AGM-86 (BOEING AEROSPACE) GENERAL DATA Country of Origin. Low-mounted.

Engine(s). Some versions have V-tail. Tapers to a round nose and at rear section. Tail. May have propfan. . Fuselage. Fin backtapered with square tip. Slabsided with flat bottom. USER COUNTRY USA. Flats low-mounted and straight. Turbofan in aft section. Oval intake and a round exhaust.

Q-5 G.260W Su-7B Fitter A Su-17.. CLOSE AIR SUPPORT.170 M. 339A MiG-17 Fresco MiG-21 Fishbed MiG-27 Flogger D. APPENDIX MASTER AIRCRAFT LIST GROUND-ATTACK. AND FIGHTER-BOMBER AIRCRAFT A-4 Skyhawk A-6 Intruder A-7 Corsair II A-10A Thunderbolt II A-37 Dragonfly Alpha Jet AMX AV-8B Harrier II Buccaneer Draken F-1 F-4 Phantom II F-5 Freedom Fighter/Tiger II F-16 Fighting Falcon F/A-18 Hornet F-104 Starfighter F-111 Aardvark F-117A Night Hawk Fantan A.91Y Galeb/Jastreb Hawk Jaguar Kfir L-39 Albatross Magister CM. .-20.B.J MiG-29 Fulcrum Mirage III/5 Mirage F1 SF.B.-22 Fitter Su-24 Fencer Su-25 Frogfoot Super Etendard Tornado IDS Viggen AJ-37 Yak-28 Brewer Yak-38 Forger . 326 M.

CARGO AND TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT An-12 Cub An-24 Coke. C-7A C-17A Globemaster III C-123 Provider C-130 Hercules C-141B Starlifter C-160 Transall DC-3 Dakota G. C-8A C-5 Galaxy Caribou. An-26 Curl An-32 Cline An-72 Coaler An-124 Condor Aviocar C-212 Buffalo. . B200 C-23A Sherpa King Air O-1 Bird Dog O-2 Skymaster OV-10 Bronco Skyservant PC-7 . BOMBER AIRCRAFT B-1B Lancer B-2 B-52 Stratofortress Canberra Il-28 Beagle Tu-16 Badger Tu-22 Blinder . Su-15 Flagon Su-27 Flanker Tornado ADV . Tu-26 Backfire Tu-95 Bear Tu-160 Blackjack .AIR SUPERIORITY AND INTERCEPTOR AIRCRAFT F-14 Tomcat F-15 Eagle MiG-19 Farmer MiG-23 Flogger B MiG-25 Foxbat MiG-31 Foxhound Mirage 2000 . Queen Air UV-18A Twin Otter .222 Il-14 Crate Il-76 Candid UTILITY AIRCRAFT An-2 Colt C-12 Super King Air. Skyvan 3M U-6A Beaver U-8F Seminole.

UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES AND CRUISE MISSILES Apache CWS AS-4 Kitchen AS-15 Kent Banshee BTT-3 Brevel D-4 NPU DR-3 Reys Model 324 Model 410 Mirach 26 Pioneer Predator Raven Scout Shmel-1 Yak-061 . Wasp SH-3 Sea King Super Frelon UH-1 Iroquois UH-1N Model 212 UH-60A Black Hawk . AND RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT A-50 Mainstay E-2C Hawkeye E-3A Sentry EA-6B Prowler EF-111A Raven Il-20 Coot-A Nimrod AEW3 OV-1 Mohawk P-3C Orion S-2 Tracker S-3A Viking .HELICOPTER AIRCRAFT AH-1F Cobra AH-1W Super Cobra AH-64 Apache Alouette II Alouette III BO 105 CH-3/HH-3E Jolly Green Giant CH-46 Sea Knight CH-47 Chinook CH-53 Sea Stallion Dauphin 2 Defender 500 Gazelle Hirundo A109 Ka-50 Hokum Lynx Mangusta A129 Mi-1 Hare Mi-2 Hoplite Mi-4 Hound Mi-6 Hook Mi-8 Hip Mi-24 Hind Mi-26 Halo Mi-28 Havoc OH-6A Cayuse OH-13 Sioux OH-58D Kiowa Puma Scout. OBSERVATION. EARLY WARNING.

.BQM-34 Firebee II C-101 Crecerelle Mirach 100 MK-105 Flash MK-106 HIT Taifun Tomahawk AGM-86 .

GLOSSARY AAI AAM AEW AGM aileron ALCM altitude ART-V ASM aspect AAI Corporation air-to-air missile airborne early warning air-to-ground missile aircraft roll control air-launched cruise missile height above sea level aircraft recognition training-visual 35-millimeter slide kit air-to-surface missile aircraft appearance with respect to a ground observer assault gunship rotary.and fixed-wing aircraft. armed and equipped to carry combat troops into battle and operating from land or sea ASW ATF ATGM antisubmarine warfare advanced tactical fighter antitank guided missile .

ATOLL attitude and roll) Avenger AWACS BAe butterfly tail Dog) cabin CAI canards gravity canopy CAS CASA CBU CD chord section CIS clean without AA-2-2 air-to-air missile. pitch. flaps. located forward of the center of cover for cockpit close air support Construcciones Aeronauticas SA cluster bomb unit compact disc straight line joining the leading and trailing edges of an airfoil Commonwealth of Independent States (formerly USSR) aircraft in flight with landing gear. CIS (former USSR) inclination of aircraft in relation to the ground (heading. and or external stores . FAAD weapon system Airborne Warning and Control System British Aerospace (aircraft manufacturer) rounded tail fin and flats of a particular aircraft type (O-1 Bird housing on an aircraft for troops or cargo computer aided instruction winglets. controllable or fixed. 30-millimeter cannon on A-10A Thunderbolt II. slats retracted.

the perception of an object of possible interest. horizontal surface that controls the pitch of an aircraft electronic intelligence Embraer (aircraft manufacturer) French-built air-to-surface missile (antiship) . missiles.cluttered cockpit COIN detection military aircraft with external stores (bombs. usually housing avionic pilotless aircraft (remotely controlled) electronic countermeasures a hinged. but unconfirmed by recognition. DHC dihedral downward DeHavilland Canada (aircraft manufacturer) upward or positive slope of the wings or tail flats (anhedral is the or negative slope) DOD dogtooth increase in Department of Defense horizontal step in the leading edge of the wing resulting from an chord dorsal spine equipment drone ECM elevator ELINT EMB Exocet fairing along the back of an aircraft. any means (NATO) the discovery by the presence of a person or object of potential military significance. and fuel tanks) housing for crew and aircraft instrumentation (co-in) counterinsurgency (DOD) in tactical operations.

man-portable antiaircraft missile generally a helicopter that was designed for battlefield attack. the inner ends would overlap (the solution to this problem is a fixed inner wing called a glove). . It is to have one-piece pivotal aircraft because at zero sweep. GOAR slide kit ground observation aircraft recognition (an obsolete 35-millimeter superseded by ART-V) Grail gunship CIS-built built SA-7.FAAD fairing fin) fence of forward area air defense streamlined covering (also curvature in spine connected to the tail projection parallel to the wing chord that modifies the distribution pressure ferry range fin flap flat FLIR fuselage GCS glove impossible maximum range without payload vertical stabilizer movable surface that increases the lift or drag of an aircraft horizontal stabilizer forward looking infrared body of an aircraft ground control station located at the pivots on variable-geometry aircraft.

HARM defenses. . also called Euromissile Hot. discrimination between In ground combat operations. Hellfire some US-built AGM 88A high-speed antiradiation missile used against air helicopter-launched fire and forget. Full "hautsubsonique optiquement teleguide tire d'un tube". and AC130). HOT name is air-to-ground antitank missile. AC-119. or the name that belongs to the object as a member of a class.Also some fixed-wing aircraft are designated gunships (AC-47. Pylon another term. recognizable objects as being friendly or enemy. hardpoint is reinforced stations to which external stores can be attached. The missile is also fired from attack fixed-wing aircraft (A-10A Thunderbolt II). friend or foe (generally electronic) angle at which a wing is set in relation to the fuselage axis infrared (NATO) In imagery interpretation. IAI IAT Israel Aircraft Industries (aircraft manufacturer) International Aerospace Technology identification (DOD/IADB) the process of determining the friendly or hostile character of an unknown detected contact. the discrimination between objects within a particular type or class IFF incidence IR identification.

KMPH knot loiter LEX LERX Mach maritime Maverick MBB mission mm MPCS MPH nacelle 119) NATO NOE NOGS NOS open lattice kilometers per hour one nautical mile (1.116 feet per second at sea level actions performed by forces over. or on the seas US-built AGM-65 air-to-surface missile Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm (aircraft manufacturer) primary task millimeter mission planning and control station miles per hour enclosed engine housing (also an enclosed passenger cabin like the C- North Atlantic Treaty Organization nap-of-the-earth (flying low. One Mach=1. under. using natural cover) night observation gunsight night observation surveillance uncovered tail boom with visible framework .152 land miles per hour) flight endurance leading edge extension leading edge root extension speed of sound.

the determination that an is similar within a category of something. for example. This may include the determination of a individual within a particular class or type. fixed wing jet. drop-tank. object In ground operations.ordnance Phoenix PNVS port pylon PZL Mielec aircraft weapons load US-built AIM-54 air-to-air missile pilot's night vision sensor left side looking forward structure that links aircraft to loads. and engines Panstwowe Zaklady Lotniczc (state aviation works) at the cities of and Swidnik in Poland QSTAG radius loiter RAF RAM range recognition objects Quadripartite Standardization Agreement the distance an aircraft can fly and return including standoff and Royal Air Force Ramenskoye Flight Test Center in the former USSR performance characteristic expressed as total distance (DOD/IADB) the determination by any means of the individuality of such as aircraft. object. nature or a detected person. aircraft (helicopter. bombs. (NATO) the determination of the . and possibly its class or type. or phenomenon. cargo. etcetera).

intelligence. or radar fingerprints sea level side-looking airborne radar US-built AIM-7 air-to-air missile AC-130 Hercules gunship AC-47 Skytrain gunship short-range attack missile part of the tail assembly (horizontal flats and vertical fin(s)) right side looking forward . such as a fighter-bomber remotely piloted vehicle SAAB-Scania a step in the leading edge of an aircraft wing suppression of enemy air defenses service ceiling operational height above sea level Shadow Shrike Sidewinder signature SL SLAR Sparrow Spectre Spooky SRAM stabilizer starboard AC-119 Flying Boxcar gunship US-built AGM-5 air-to-surface antiradiation missile US-built AIM-9 -series air-to-air missile smoke. infrared. surveillance. targeting and acquisition Royal Navy function.RISTA RN role RPV SAAB sawtooth SEAD reconnaissance.

measured relative to the fuselage by the wing or tail plane center line subsonic supersonic tactical air ops of a speed less than the speed of sound a speed in excess of the speed of sound USAF term air operations involving the six combat functions counterair. air reconnaissance.Stealth STOL store strake strategic bomber attack low-visibility aircraft with little or no radar signature short takeoff and landing payload small stabilizer on aircraft surface (Kfir nose section) aircraft designed primarily for long-range bombing or missile strategic transport personnel aircraft designed primarily for the transport of cargo or over long distances threat aircraft of an bearing the military markings and or having the configuration aircraft employed by a known hostile nation. or meeting the criteria as prescribed by policy swept-back backwards inclination of the wing or tail plane. close air support. airlift. and special operations TADS tail plane target acquisition and designation sight horizontal stabilizer-tail flat . air interdiction.

fuselage. tail. combustion chamber.taper TEC turbofan turbojet diminishing width from base to the tip training extension course gas-turbine engine with a large diameter cowled fan simple gas turbine with compressor. locate. engine(s). turbine. commonly called a belly fin VSTOL WEFT vertical short takeoff and landing wings. Method used to learn aircraft's major parts for recognition training Wild Weasel an aircraft specifically modified to identify. and propulsive nozzle turboshaft as turbine where energy is transferred from gas jet to drive a high-speed shaft and helicopter blade UAV UK USSR unmanned aerial vehicle United Kingdom former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics restructured to Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) VACR visual aircraft recognition movable wings variable geometry ventral fin stabilizing surface attached to the undersurface of an aircraft. and physically destroy or suppress enemy ground-based air defense systems .

Bomber and Cargo. 20 January 1984.CAS. DOCUMENTS NEEDED These documents must be available to the intended users of this publication. Fighter-bomber and Air Superiority. READINGS RECOMMENDED These readings contain relevant supplemental information. GTA 44-2-17. Combat Aircraft . January 1996.UAV. GTA 44-2-18.Helicopter. Visual Aircraft Recognition. January 1996. (O) JCS Pub 3-01.3.REFERENCES SOURCES USED These are the sources quoted or paraphased in this publication. Aircraft Recognition Training. ACCP IS4400. 23 May 1964. GTA 44-2-19. February 1974. . DA Form 2028. January 1996. Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms. Combat Aircraft . QSTAG 699. Joint Doctrine for Air Defense From Oversea Land Areas. 1 April 1995. Combat Aircraft .

requirements for FM 44-80. and U.*FM 44-80 30 September 1996 By Order of the Secretaries of the Army and the Air Force: DENNIS J. HUDSON Acting Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army 02387 DISTRIBUTION: Active Army.S. Army Reserve: To be distributed in accordance with the initial distribution number 110363. REIMER General. Army National Guard. . United States Army Chief of Staff Official: JOEL B.

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