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Background of The Study Problem Statement Research Objectives Research Questions Rationale of The Study Scope of Study
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING
When we want to discuss about baby dumping, firstly we must know about the definition. The baby dumping refers to discarding or leaving alone, for an extended period of time, a child younger than 12 months of age in a public or private setting with the intent to dispose of the child. It is a crime happens when close proximity committed between a guy and a woman and resulted in unwanted baby. (http://hussainenglish.blogspot.com/) Baby dumping is a social crisis and has a chronic increase as many cases are occurring in Malaysian society The baby dumping issue arise when the woman had her unplanned pregnancy and been pressured by the question about the status of the child. Beside they may feel that they are not yet ready for his responsibility. In term of “tradition”, young women fear rejection by their parents and the community if they are found to have had a baby outside of marriage. This tradition will absolutely increase the cases of baby dumping. Pregnant women that are rejected by their boyfriends, who may even deny being in any relationship with the woman and the child may then dump the baby because she fears that she will be unable to look after the child alone, or to afford the child’s maintenance. In conjunction prostitution also will cause of baby dumping. (www.lac.org.na/projects/grap/Pdf/mono1infant.pdf) A sex worker who must care for and breastfeed an infant will not be able to continue the work she has turned to in order to support herself. Some women who are HIV positive think that their baby will also be infected and will die soon will dump their baby. Women who are get unwanted pregnancy and lack of knowledge or information may be unaware of the possibilities of foster care or adoption tends to commit this unethical behavior. When a student has a baby, she might abandon the infant to ensure that she can continue her studies. The study examines the long term effect and the causes that lead to the issues of baby dumping. Psychological problems do happen, they do not bond with the baby and as soon as the baby is born, they do not want even to touch the baby and it is a psychological problem. Socially they feel left out because they feel that now they cannot go back to their school, they cannot go back and do
LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING
anything else. Anything that is a happy event is a disaster to them. In very serious cases they want to commit suicide. It is either that they commit suicide or they kill the baby. Therefore it is actually a mental disease which is treatable. It occurs at eight months of pregnancy, 24 hours after birth and sometimes six to eight months after the baby has been born they can continue to have a relapse of this depression. These ladies can easily kill the baby without any feelings. (www.lac.org.na/projects/grap/Pdf/mono1infant.pdf) Reports of babies has found tragically buried, dumped in dumpsters or wrapped in plastic bags and even thrown into rivers or drains. As a result, it had understandably inflamed and reached to the public concerns. Moreover, the sad thing is abandonment has become so casual. everywhere. Nowadays, more and even more babies get dumped In reality, baby dumping is the most frightening reality in our culture
regarding an illegitimate child as a problem to be throwing away at birth. The major cause is unwanted pregnancy as young women mostly are not ready to be mothers, or get rid of the unplanned birth of fear or ignorance. irresponsibility also contributes to this social problem. Therefore, this issue has reached to the government consideration and government also has come out with some policies to anyone who dumped a baby. Dumping a baby can be a capital offence when the person has committed it and causing the child to die consequently, the Cabinet has decided the murder sentenced to death. Some committee such Women’s Aid Organization disagreed that capital punishment should be implemented because it may not be the solution to baby dumping as proper education should be given to the youngsters in order to prevent them for committing the crime dumping/) One should always remember how valuable life, if one who is able to fully understand thus one will not easily want dumping a human being who may can be anything in the future. As a citizen, the duty bound on all responsible to sensitize our
Thus, it shows that men’s
barely able to support their child. the parents are the major responsibility to take care of their children as it is difficult for a child carrying a baby while in school.nst.com. Normally. It is indeed pitiful to the unwanted babies to be dumped in such a horrible ways as they should have enjoyed the luxuries of life which it is not fair to deprive their right to live. 4 . (www.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING fellow young girls end up this negative behavior and manners. Teenage mothers often drop out of school and end up on welfare.my/nst/articles/18bayi1/Article/) 1. On this situation.1 PROBLEM STATEMENT Teenage pregnancy is a growing problem in Malaysia. baby dumping done by school girls who are fear and scared of being driven away from home by their parents because of the babies that they carry. Sometimes.
The lack of safe sex education is just one cause of teenage pregnancy. and also home. Nowadays. In early American culture it was common for a women's job to be a submissive homemaker in clear contrast to the males’ aggressive breadwinner role. always offering a hot meal for her family. is a cause of teenage pregnancy. almost all the teenagers or young adult will face the opposite gender with no any limitations. Many teenagers are not taught about methods of birth control and how to deal with peers who pressure them into having sex before they are ready. Others see not only the physical but also the social. schools. as their bodies are not ready to handle the stress of childbirth. Why do teenage girls get pregnant? The answer is. Gender roles by definition are the social norms that dictate what socially appropriate male and female behavior is. The seventies marked the beginning of the Woman's Movement and the end of the ideals we held on what it is to be a "man" and what it is to be a "woman". Some teens have said to be pressured into having sex with their boyfriend when the teen was young and yet no one had taught these teens how to deal with this pressure or to say "no". emotional and intellectual differences between male and female. Young adults tend to follow their friends and they have the needs to have a physical contact with them. No one disputes that the Women's Movement began but there is a disagreement on whether or not it should come to an end. or otherwise. living in the modern century or world.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING teenagers who give birth do not live through the ordeal. This 5 . The lack of education on safe sex is it from parents. there are many causes of teenage pregnancy. but were instead out burning bras and protesting inequality. Women were no longer like the stereotypical homemaker. to educate the youth for better informed and responsible choices are a necessary. Everyone acknowledges that there are significant differences between males and females. even if they are only physical. Implementation of sexual education in primary and secondary schools.
especially the Muslim. fighting and unhappiness.2 RESEARCH OBJECTIVE By looking at the issue. Children are mostly affected by this kind of situation. the research is carried out to discover baby dumping problems in Malaysia: 1. To find out who are the perpetrators of baby dumping 6 . Once it is happen there will be no turning back for both of the sex Another factor is the family break-up or loose family relationships. This child will become homeless and found that they are alone.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING maybe will lead them especially the females to close proximity where it is forbid in their religion. Sometimes they happen suddenly and it is hard to understand why there needs to be change at all. tendency is that they will dump their child. 1. If both their mother and father decided to a divorce and one cannot raise their child alone. Family breakups happen after a long period of misunderstandings.
Besides that. To explain what are the causes and effects of baby dumping This objective is to find out the causes of baby dumping and at the same time to explain briefly what the effects are after the perpetrators dumped the baby. 2. researchers also would like to find out what are the causes and effects of baby dumping. To suggest several precautions of baby dumping This objective is stated because researchers need to know what are the precautions that can the government take to overcome this problem and also finding out whether it is effective or not.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING - Researchers choose to hit this objective because they want to identify who are the perpetrators committing this social illness. in order to prevent this matter from happening.4 RATIONALE OF THE STUDY This research is done in order to know who the perpetrators of the issue of baby dumping are. What are the precautions that should be taken? 1. researchers also try to find out the precautions that everyone should take on the issue of baby dumping.3 RESEARCH QUESTION 1. Who are the perpetrators of baby dumping? 2. 3. What are the causes and effects of baby dumping? 3. 7 . 1. At the same time.
The organization is under the non government organization. 8 .This section of questionnaire had been interviewed directly to the coordinator of Baby Hatch.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING 1. 3. Educational . 2. NGO .The question is interviewed to the Lembaga Penduduk dan Pembangunan Keluarga Negara Malaysia counselor. Orphan Care.5 SCOPE OF STUDY 1.This questionnaire is targeted to the Vice Counselor of University of Technology Mara. Puan Asmar Bte Ahmad. Puan Hjh Fauzilah Bte Abd Hamid. Datin Elya. The Authorities .
at June 1994. The perpetrators was Brenda Flood.0 LITERATURE REVIEW 2. Later. when a police dispatcher arrested and charged with abandoning her newborn baby in a litter scattered lots.1 History of baby dumping Baby dumping begins at the early 1989. a woman admitted that she dump the baby’s b in a trash can after giving birth. She testified Thursday that she did not call 911 because the child was already 9 . was charged with endangering the welfare of a child abandonment and reckless endangerment.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING • Literature Review 2.
2 Perpetrators of Baby Dumping The perpetrators of baby dumping were said to be more among unmarried partners (Kitty Lim. three babies were found each in Kelantan. Retrieved on 25 September .com/featuredetail/181-socialissues/48849--baby-dumping-is-there-a-deterrent-or-a-solution.com/featuredetail/181-social-issues/48849--babydumping-is-there-a-deterrent-or-a-solution. the baby dumping issues has never to be seen declining nor diminishes. But Gil later said the little girl was still alive. hours after being exposed to the elements after being deserted by her 20-year-old mother. 1797923&dq=history+of+baby+dumping&hl=en.com/newspapers?id=OJ4WAAAAIBAKJ&sji d=WRUEAAAAIBAJ&pg=1223. The Star reported that one 29-year-old man and 26-year-old unemployed woman were detained last Friday by police for dumping a newborn baby girl at Air Kuning in Gemencheh. there have been reports of baby dumping in a number of places. This was shown by the statistics from Hospital Kuala Lumpur which said the number or babies of wedlock are recorded increasingly to 301 cases. baby dumping has increase so much to the extent of worrying stages. According to a Bernama report.google. she said she thought the baby had died shortly after birth. For the Malaysia itself. there still increase in number of baby dumping around the world. (http://www. Retrieved on 26 September 2010) Then. The mother. when one baby was saved from death on 25 August by members of the Woman and Child Abuse unit. was only apprehended after she voluntarily surrendered herself to the authorities 10 days after she had abandoned her baby.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING dead. who was later charged with attempted murder. a 20 year old woman. with 34 of them we delivered 2010) 10 by under 18-mothers. (http://www. Malacca and Kuala Lumpur last week and a baby girl with the umbilical cord still intact was found in Kota Damansara over the weekend. Doctors testified for the prosecution that the baby's lungs revealed signs that the baby at her last death was grasping for air. Retrieved on 25 September 2010). In August 2006. Up until this 2010. (http://news.malaysianmirror. Carmen Gill. Livermore police Detective Marco Esquivel told the court. Recently. The baby dumping issue then continues on 1997. At first. 2010). was accused of killing her baby and dump the body in trash bin outside her home. 2.malaysianmirror.
2010). (Ng Yen Yen. When they have commit delinquent act like unplanned. and provide the motivational e support that they need. The anxiousness is actually identified as post-partum psychosis where the woman has change in their psycho ability that leads to act of baby dumping. 11 . the responsible for baby dumping are also done by young woman who are primarily afraid of facing their family judgement (Dr Mohammad Ali Hassan. First to be said as causes is the easiness to widespread access pornography in Malaysia.malaysianbar. (Porn a major reason behind baby dumping . Ipad. professionals and many more. it has ignites lots of discussions among public figures. just because of they are afraid of telling the family. the teenagers were also among the group to be worried to cause babydumping. without their parents knowing. 2010). these young woman are rapidly panic and decide to baby-dump. As they are the group that have the most access to such online materials like internets and also through mobile phone. unexpected and unwanted pregnancies. They have numbers of good notion on how would causes baby-dumping.my/legal/general_news/education_key_to_stemming_baby_dumpi ng. It is better be in the opposite way of thinking together how to help them. 2010). PSP.3 Causes and Effects of Baby Dumping As baby dumping now were like seems to be heard anywhere. the cause of baby dumping is the perpetrators didn’t get their family support. 2010).html. (Sharizat Jalil. 2010).LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING Plus. Once they tell their parents of their unexpected pregnancies. (http://www. Because at that stage. Retrieved on 25 September 2010) Whereas some politicians think it causes conversely. These ease accesses media are also cause them to access porn websites effortlessly. They can even watch on other technological gadgets like mobile phones. the family gets angry and started to blame the world about and questions how it happens.the pregnant woman are actually in the level of anxiousness to be charged guilty for their selves and their family (James Nagayam. Teenagers are among the groups that have exceptional knowledge to access pornography on internets and also through mobile phones (Bakri Zinin. The Star.org. Baby dumping happens because of perceptive of society to the mother that leads to them to abandon the baby (Ng Yen Yen. Also. Moreover. 17 Aug 2010) 2.
my/news/story.malaysiandigest. New Year’s.html. First. and many more.com/. The society is not yet ready to be open-minded.html. are probably not welcome on the society anymore.. The society has generalised perceptive on the perpetrators.html. Plus the support that they didn’t get from partners and family will make their mind goes idiotic or fanatical.. when they have no support from families and society. the easiest way to take themselves out from the moment is to commit suicide. and much more. and therefore they will gain no trust from anyone. Retrieved on 25 September 2010). there are some said that baby dumping is has to be with nationwide celebration like Merdeka countdowns. He said New Year’s and Valentine’s Day celebrations as possible causes of baby dumping because these events allowed free mixing between the sexes. Next. employer. The mothers will feel anxious. lost confidence to face the world. friends. At that critical moment. 12 Retrieved on 29 September 2010) dump the baby. pain as for they is still in refinement. the perpetrators of baby dumping. It is because at that time most families will throw their daughters away instead giving them moral support. they tend to have a very bad thought and perception towards the pregnant woman. plus the guilty feeling they felt. and in order to have it back.malaysiandigest. The might been isolated.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING 2010). the PAS Youth deputy chief Azman Shapawi comment has been greatly condemned for being irrational that incites disapproval from many people. is the most important moment where the mothers are in unstable post-partum psychosis.com/news/36-local/7180-yen-yen-baby-dumping-can-be-dealt- .asp?file=/2010/8/19/ natIon/6877858&sec=nation.com/stories/201008170718.com/news/36-local/7180-yenyen-baby-dumping-can-be-dealt-effectivel y-through-education.com. In contrary. (James Nagayam. Retrieved on 25 September 2010). neighbours. makes them feel low.malaysiandigest. (http://thestar. it will also cause a mental problem on the mother. the mother will have the biggest mental pressure from their family. if they found out to do so. (http://www./7688school-for-pregnant-teenagers-a-positive-step-to-curbing-baby-dumping. 2010).html?page=2. Retrieved on 25 September 2010) Baby dumping cause and leads to lots of problem. After delivering time.(http://allafrica. and many more. (www. Retrieved on 29 September 2010) As baby dumping leads to another problem like suicide. As it is a bit creative on digging the cause of the issues. they decide to act repugnantly effectively-through-education. Valentine’s Day. (http://www.
com/en/blog/article/baby-dumping-help-and-not-punish-the-motherswanita-gerakan/. This will also cause the children.4 Precautions of Baby Dumping In effort to prevent teenagers or young women from baby dumping. Malacca Chief Minister Mohd Ali Rustam has suggested setting up a special school for pregnant teens at aim to help these young women from dump their baby. (http://www. the less control a person has. the cause of baby dumping is because uncontrollability. allowing them doing what they want until to the extent that the relationship become abusive. When stressful situation are unpredictable. they switch to their partners. if the baby luckily survived. This will result in baby dumping. and as they didn’t get the attention they seek. which is never will be same as loving-structured family.gerakan4u.com/featuredetail/181-socialissues/48849--baby-dumping-is-there-a-deterrent-or-a-solution. This leads to many problems. Retrieved on 29 September 2010) Baby dumping may also results from the families or the parents itself. guided and motivated. is first to educate men and women as education on sex and pregnancies will help reduce cases of baby dumping. The education aimed to provide them knowledge and aware them that sex will results in unplanned and unexpected pregnancies. the baby dumping number are hope to decrease. (Ng Yen Yen.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING The biggest effect of baby dumping is. as it was the combine responsibility to wipe out this problem.. they will not grow up in proper normal family. as the child then are mostly grow up with low self confidence. They might end-up at orphan home. to be in over-freedom situation. which they cannot control to get rid of the baby because of the stress they faces. behavioural or manner problems and also poor academic performance. The parents might be the kind of permissive parenting. (Ciccarelli & J.. (http://www. 2009) More. Which they put very few attention on their children’s behavior. the degree of stress will increase or in other word the greater the stress they faced. 2010) Dr Halimah also said that the baby dumping should be prevent together. It is psychological factor that leads to stress. (Ciccarelli & J. This kind of permissive neglectful towards their children.malaysianmirror. It also suggested bringing these young women to a shelter where they can be secure. ignoring them. 2010). (Dr Halimah Ali. 2009) 2. Retreived on 25 September 2010) 13 . For if they have the knowledge.
Family and Community Development Shahrizat Abdul Jalil's that those who are responsible baby-dump will consider as a murder. there are also suggestions from Minister for Women. It is believe to be new and effective approach to solve the issue of baby dumping. This decision are to create law that aim to make people thinks that baby-dumping a very serious case that it should be taken as lesson to the society to prevent the baby dumping from happening. She is suggesting that the baby dumping issue can be tackled effectively through proper education.. It also can aware and frightened people to commit the crimes and wrongdoings. 2010). Retrieved on 25 September 2010). (http://www. they educate the children to respect. (http://www. they listen to their children’s problem. She is speaking in oppose that death penalty are not solving the baby dumping issue. and many more. which will punish to death penalty. they provide love and warmth. precautions steps to be taken to lessen baby dumping is to build up deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) bank. the families and the parents should change it inversely. Authoritative parents are more democratic.malaysianmirror.malaysiandigest. (Hussein. the MCA feels that education should come before punishment. 2010). (Ciccarelli & J. Plus. In way of become an authoritative parenting. It also a solution for other social crimes that needs DNA’s to assure the perpetrators. With that. as well as number of baby dumped. As one of the causes of baby dumping is because of the permissive parenting. Retreived on 25 September 2010). In contrary. which is supposed to be solved more firm and educational. And MCA’s believe that punishment like death penalties will only make things worse.com/featuredetail/181-social-issues/48849--baby-dumping-is-therea-deterrent-or-a-solution. The death penalties are too harsh for the young perpetrators as they are righteous to be change.html. the media should play its role to embark on a campaign soon to create more awareness on reproductive health education to help prevent social woes including sexual offences that are increasing among the teens in the country. Plus. the children will be more socially obedience to them and it will lessen the number of young mother.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING Next.com/news/36-local/7180-yen-yen-baby-dumping-can-bedealt-effectively-through-education. (Ng Yen Yen. 2009) 14 .
will not abandoned the innocent baby/. the community should be aware of their anxiety.. (Ciccarelli & J. and provide them love and companionship.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING A social support system is one of the effective way to reduce baby dumping. information and moral support. and therefore. and lot more. swap it to positive social support will make a much different. For the perpetrators are facing pressures from the community perceptive. 2009) • Methodology 15 . Social support can make the younger mother to be more rational. Instead of punishing.
0 METHODOLOGY 3.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING 3.1 Research Design The research design that we used for the issue of baby dumping is qualitative method. The research data is collected by using the technique of intensive interviews. The reasons of this case study are to find out who are the perpetrators of baby dumping. Dominick. researchers had prepared questionnaire to interview the person who had knowledge on the related field of the issue of baby dumping. The first sections of the questions are focusing on the first research objective which is about who are the perpetrators who commit baby dumping.2 Instrument By using intensive or in-depth interviews. 2009) 3. Researchers also want to know what the causes are and effects of baby dumping and also what are the precautions that we should take to prevent baby dumping. The questionnaires are divided into 3 sections to make it easier to answer it. 16 . (Wimmer. or in-depth interviews.
And last but not least. The data is analyzed by the questionnaire that had been answered by the 3 people that had been chosen.3 Sampling Researchers are using the purposive sampling where the subject which is the person that had been interviewed is selected because of their characteristics and their knowledge in certain field. on government level. Researchers had done an interview on three different levels of sources or people. In this case there are 3 sample sizes or 3 people that the researchers had chosen to answer about the issue of baby dumping. 3.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING While the second section of the questionnaires is focusing on the second objective which are the causes and effects of baby dumping. the interview is with Puan Hjh Fauzilah bte Abd Hamid. Puan Asmar Bte Ahmad. The person that the researchers chose is given a set of questionnaire that is related to the objective of the issue of baby dumping. interview is with Datin Elya. Shah Alam. 17 . Vice Counselor from University of Technology Mara. Coordinator of Baby Hatch. While on the societal level. The first one is on the educational level. interview is with the counselor of Lembaga Penduduk dan Pembangunan Keluarga Negara Malaysia. Last but not least. researchers had prepared a set of questions related to the third objective which is about the precautions of baby dumping issue.
Selangor Darul Ehsan. Selangor Darul Ehsan. Petaling Jaya. Shah Alam. The last location for the questionnaire is asked at Lembaga Penduduk dan Pembangunan Keluarga Negara Malaysia situated at Kompleks Kesejahteraan Keluarga.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING 3. Seksyen 16 Shah Alam. While the second location is Baby Hatch situated at SS1 Kampung Tunku.4 Location of the Study The researchers limit the questionnaires to be asked in 3 different locations only. Selangor Darul Ehsan. The first location or questionnaire is asked at University of Technology Mara. situated at Section 2 and 3. • FINDING 18 .
Thai or Indonesian who is dumped their babies is look alike with but based on the evidence collected it shows that the majority is Malays. Based on the cases. who is the majority of the perpetrator? Majority of baby dumping cases involves Malays and researchers discover that the result of the stigma of illegitimate children and the community being ill-equipped to deal with unwanted pregnancies.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING 4. There are few questions that had been asked related to baby dumping issues.0 FINDING Interview Session On 23rd September 2010. 19 . 4. Below is the answered for the entire question that had been questioned. However.1 Q: A: Perpetrators of Baby Dumping. there’s no actual racial breakdown available because it is often hardly to determine the race of the babies as foreigners such Vietnamese. researchers had an interview with Puan Fauzilah bt Wan Yusoff which is the Vice Counselor in Counseling Unit at UiTM Shah Alam.
baby dumping is an issue that relate to the perpetrator itself. the children been fed by Western cartoons. student if they are one. Muslims. from this point the parents should start take good care of their children every single moment whenever their children need them. they should not do that. Thus. They don’t get enough love and attention. some of them came from a good and religious family but yet they involve in the baby dumping issue. which they should find it itself. What do you think of this? A: Like I said just now. We see lots of entertainment program. right? The couple trends among teenagers are contributing these actions. or do they know more of our celebrity? This may be a minor factors. died for coldness. Q: A: What kind of punishment that should be implemented to the perpetrators? They considered as a murderer because some of the baby. what we can say here is how strong these people that babydumped embrace Islam? How well these children hold the parent’s will? There must something wrong in somewhere. hungry and many more so they know to feel the fearfulness. Thus. Their response only appears after they suffered from the consequences. They know what they did is wrong. Moreover. do they know our leaders. Plus. they rebel. So. so they shift the love to the wrong-doings. they must listen to that. We heard not much of non-Muslim did that. we can for committing it? easily see that the social stigma is getting worst and the youngster do not realised that the action can bring negative impacts to their future life especially. but it still. it is all back to the family. Western dramas and films. contribute to baby-dumping aside from the primary factors of the perpetrator itself and the families. 20 . Even the Quran says.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING Q: Some of the perpetrators are among the university students and they definitely have knowledge. and many more. the youngsters had no limitation between boys and girls. capital punishment such death sentenced should be committed to those who conduct this crime. So. Even more so. Q: A: Why are they kept doing the same mistakes although they know that it was wrong Normally. They can’t blame others for what they had done. other factor contributing is media. ants. I generalize it. and they know what they did will results in baby. If both partners remember their role as a child. It may be because. the effects of this kind of program are below our consciousness. Most of the perpetrators of baby dumping is Muslim teenagers. “Get way from ‘zina’ ”. We can ask a child and let them list who is their icon. But back to the main factor. They are competing with one another.
speech.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING Q: Does the parents play an important role in this situation? The parent play important role in this situation and they are the people who is the most A: responsible people to educate their children. and we co-operate with CTU(Centre of Islamic Thought and Understanding. and they got reasons. and from the Islamic view. It is not easy to monitor. Students are encourage to attend this convention can consults their problem. Not just for parents. For example. their children avoid from telling the truth by giving excuses mainly to complete their assignments work but in reality they were only wasting their time. the students don’t like it. this is the truth of life where the parents must be prepared to face the challenges in educating their children. in today’s reality it is undeniable that the parents had to face different challenges of their children’s attitude. if the students are on study leave or during their spare time there were tend to meet up their peers and group members which the parents do not know who is their friends were exactly. In fact they get are easily to rebel. Q: A: These must be quite a challenge to control baby-dumping. lectures and even on the coming 20th. During this stage. However. we will have counseling convention. 21 . For this stage. Always reminding their children what is the impact and the consequence their children will face if they disobeyed parent’s advices. We will conduct an open environment for the students to get the knowledge on how to prevent the pregnancies from happen. it admit it’s a big challenge for us. as we have thousands of students. I admit it’s a challenge to us. When everyone is started to talk because the teen have but what about challenge the university faces to control this act? lack knowledge of sex education and yes. Q: A: Is it the parents fault in educates their children? To educate the children at the same time the parents also need to full of education and knowledge. to strengthen the self morality value and so-on. Sometimes. The parents need to follow their children development on how they behave at home such avoid them from owning pornography materials. However. the children always have their own desires to follow. talk. Even to put curfews into action are not easy. But we do organize events. UiTM) and Ministry of Health so that students will get the view from different aspect. Educating their children can be implied through the experience of the parents. our role is to create awareness and of course monitor closely our students. they will have a lecture or sermon from Ustaz about the hokum.
teenagers normally hardly to accept if they unable to get enough 22 . Always remind each other of the negative impacts if they could not limit themselves with whom they want to socialize with. sex education can help the girl or woman to protect them and remind them to avoid from committing intimate relationships. some of the perpetrators are among the educated people and but still involve in this problem as there must be some mistake inside of the person which resulting them to do so. is it acceptable if the woman wants to abort From the Islamic point. wearing protection but still there can leads to pregnancy. The woman should prioritize more her health if she still decided to abort the baby. There must a reason why the elders. authorities. SUMMARY In this situation. For instance. the youngster should be able to think wisely and be more matured in making decision. Being suffered can leads to other problems and at the same time it can destroy their future life. The perpetrators normally consist of teenagers who are unmarried couples and giving illegitimate child. Apart from that.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING Q: A: Can sex education helps to reduce this problem from getting more serious? There is quote stated that “the prevention is better than cure” which means it is hard for the government and the authorities to reduce this problem since this social problem is occurred day after day. we as the Muslims are responsible to follow what have stated in the baby? Al-Quran. the statistic collected shows that the Malays are the majority in the cases. The majority of the perpetrators state that it involves the Malays and yet there’s no racial breakdown as it is hardly to determine the race of the babies and although there are foreigners from Vietnam. Therefore. However. or in religion views are also forbid the mankind do so. although they are unaware that sex education really gives a lots of benefits. Q: A: Does the girl who gets pregnant are unaware or lack of sex education? The girl who gets pregnant aware of the impact of having relationships with boy but they Sometimes. Q: A: In order to avoid from baby dumping. There is a reason why Islam abides the Muslim from abort the baby. Thailand or Indonesia who is committing it the authorities still unable to determine as they are look like the Malays. Everyone wants to help reducing the number of baby dumping but the roles should implement thoroughly and continuously.
Put aside the anger and try to solve the problem with discussing together. they are actually investigated why the baby sent to them. In fact they get are easily to rebel. this is the truth of life where the parents must be prepared to face the challenges in educating their children. some may tell stories to them but it can be deny. In the early stage.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING love and attention from the parents thus they shift to other people who can give attention as a replacement. However. they were curious to know about sex. How the Baby Hatch can help to reduce the baby dumping? As every time we receive a baby. By providing those needs we can ensure that the baby will not suffer or die outside the harsh world. In this situation. the children always have their own desires to follow. sex education is important. Q: A: What are the main reasons of baby dumping highly occurred during these days? The sad thing is when nowadays the moral values have decreased among the Based on the research. . and that is parent’s role to explain to them. The parents need to follow their children development on how they behave at home by avoiding them from owning pornography materials. the parents need to sit together and talk as close friend. At the very stage of teens. forbid them from doing something wrong based on the Islamic views. there are several reasons related why baby dumping 23 youngsters. All are strictly confidential but on 30th August 2010. During this stage. some left anonymously. we believe that we have reduce the number of baby dumping in this country. They screen the parents. Parents should be aware if they see their child is different or they should be a bit more concern to their child. we ask them to generalize the reasons and what makes them aware not to abandon their baby at unsafe place. parents should also play the role as well by explaining the boundaries which one is wrong and right. However. 4. it must be conducted thoroughly and continuously. In terms of education.2 Q: A: Causes and Effects of Committing Baby Dumping. their reasons. Even though it is impossible to do that but the main thing is we want to provide shelter and care for the babies. Their consciousness level is high during this stage thus it is vital to acknowledge this information to them before something bad things happened. As Baby Hatch collects not just data. and in fact.
it creates boredom. Life at orphanage is far more different than life with family. have they commit any crime of abuses. some are ashamed to 24 . Honestly. In order for them to make a good start in life. Q: A: As for being direct and accurate. When we have been fed by the same news every day.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING happened. we will monitor them and we will provide continuous counseling for the family to assure smooth and efficient adoption. Normally. We want to make sure that they are safe and happy. their backgrounds. of course. and their future is secure. behavioral problems and also poor academic performance. during at this stage their children are still in the growth development they have their own desires to achieve in their life. But. As for that. We have to see their financial standings. they need family support. it is very strictly screen but how this can help these babies? Baby Hatch objective is actually to help both adopted-parents and the babies. Q: A: How would the adoption being screened? We know that basically. Q: A: What are the biggest consequences of baby dumping? From my opinion. and everyone were discussing on the same topic. or whatever crimes. what are the causes that bring this innocent There are number of reasons what brings the mother or their partners bring their babies unwanted baby to Baby Hatch? here. the baby-dumping are not supposed to be small issue. and as for adopt-parents. it just so happen that they do not want them. we don’t simply give the children. so the changes in social perceptive are actually be the definite biggest consequences. care and security offered by the family. But I know for certain. we hope to complete their family structure. People will think that is normal and baby-dumping will later be a small issue and can be ignored. when their parents divorced it is hard to strengthen and create good relationships between the parents and their children. Some were because having unplanned pregnancies. it is very important to know all particulars inside out when we are giving our own child to others. Most of the orphans and children who spend most of their childhood time often grow up with low self-esteem. all of them are actually loves the baby. In fact. loves and happiness. it would be the changes of social perceptive on baby dumping. we are sadly unable to provide babies and children the love. Some of the reasons are family problems especially when the parents have divorced thus their children tend to find a space for people’s attention from the outsiders.
So. not to abandon them. Most cases of baby dumping in the country are using the same way that removes a newborn baby into the trash. Prof. it gives big impact to the mother’s health. There are not aware of them until they bleed unconscious. Women involved who abort the baby without proper medical procedures took high risks facing death following infection and bleeding in the uterus. the person may confront with high risk of death caused by bleeding and infections on the mother’s womb. Q: A: What are the effects of baby dumping? The effect of baby dumping is it will lead to other social problems such drug abuse and contributing with alcohol. The message is do not dump a baby in bushes. the effects on the society cause the abortion will be mimicked by others. In addition. it is potentially experiencing bleeding in the stomach which can cause the woman unconscious or worse death. The effects on the individuals are cause by illegal way of aborting the child and left bad effect on them because they are using the wrong path for instance using herbs and alcoholics substances. Bleeding sometimes cannot be detected quickly.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING face the society and their perceptive. mosques. Whereas. we take a very good care of the baby until they being adopted. some are bring by their family. This shows there is replication of their cruel way to remove the baby into the trash. It is dangerous and not clean by inserting foreign objects into the womb. sidewalks and many more. A professional consultant Gynaecology. In addition. and a lot more reason. Babies are innocent precious gift that you will never get if you didn’t destinies to have one. they come to Baby Hatch initially to assure that their baby is safe. Womb also suffered injuries when doing an abortion because those who perform them are traditionally not qualified will use sharp objects such as wood. from "Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia"(HUKM). means to tell people that this place for unwanted of applicants to adopt a baby? babies. some are not financially afford to care for a baby. but take a long time. They are actually coming to the right places where we can sure. Moreover. twigs or wooden sticks. 25 . the case has become wide and it gives negative views from society. Dr. Q: A: Do you think that Baby Hatch being too commercialized after it received millions It is advertised in a positive way. said this illegal abortion does not take into account the health's aspects could cause harm because it does not follow the procedure that are conducted by unprofessional groups. Harlina Halizah Siraj. Therefore.
There are both have a bone and its bane. So how exactly the government play a part on this issue? The researchers had an interview with Lembaga Penduduk dan Pembangunan Keluarga Negara Malaysia. the causes can lead to other consequences and this also has become the main concern of the authorities. As far as the public and the government concern. and for some reasons. enacted a law and 26 . We don’t want to continuously see the baby being born without knowing where they would live after. It’s pathetic. since the issue has been discussed in turn out other way which people tend to perceive this issue as normal and suddenly been ignored. While. For instance. However. I personally angry to their perpetrators. it can effects to the society as well such mimicked by others. The major concern is when baby dumping can lead to other social problems such drug abuse. Almost every day we will read or see the same news that been published in the newspaper or even broadcast on television.3 Q: A: Precautions of Baby Dumping. stop the couples from celebrating New Year’s celebration and Valentine’s celebration. if the pregnancies are happened to teenagers or youngster they do not want the babies because of it was unplanned and yet because of they want to avoid from getting ashamed from the public. 4. This is not good.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING But we also got few call seemingly like we do baby-business. Apart from that. Puan Asmar Ahmad on 3rd August 2010 to talk about this issue. But thinks as it is. Thus. there are many reasons the mother or the parents of the baby decided to left their babies. The baby dumping issue is already a national issue to our country. What are the authority responsibilities in a way to cope with this social illness? The authorities are always come out with different ways while the government and the Cabinet have been debated the most effective ways to be implemented. SUMMARY Basically. For example. baby dumping can gives the biggest impact when the changes of perception happened. Baby Hatch is a practical way in reducing babydumping. Baby Hatch confronts this situation in order to reduce and at the same time help the babies who were left without having any place to live.
when this happens they leave their babies plus due to the lack of shelters for pregnant teens contributed to the rise in cases of baby dumping.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING as an act of murder for those who committing baby dumping. Q: A: Sex and pregnancies: . beneficial activities. Teenagers who end up getting pregnant are usually ostracised by society. Q: A: Can the authorities manage to reduce and prevent this issue from getting worst? Family plays an important role here. Q: What is your personal point of view about one of the government suggestion that the sex education should be taught in educational institutions? A: Sex education is important in order to educate the youngster. This problem has become serious thus the society Encourages more non-governmental organization to volunteer help the youngster by creating an organisation which they can spend their time with cannot just depend on the government to tackle this issue. especially when it comes to the matter of sex and pregnancies among our own teenagers. Thus. Q: A: How the authorities want to attract the youngster to get rid of involving this In order to attract the youngster get rid of themselves involves in baby dumping the problem? authorities can be tackled effectively through an enjoyable education program such reproductive health education program in every level of education institutional which at the same time the main objective is to educate them. When it 27 . However. it is wrong for society merely judging and should take an opportunity as a social contribution to help them together with the authorities then it can successfully manage to prevent getting worst. It is not because they didn’t know about it.How far is it efficient if we start to teach it now? I believe education have never been too late. sex education should be implemented in the early stage. Their consciousness level is high during this stage thus it is vital to acknowledge this information to them before something bad things happened. it just because they lack of exposure and no one were there when they need guidance. by fears that they will be punished by the religious authorities. Society will often judge harshly in this matter. and prohibits the media and the Internet give sources for pornography. In this situation.
It is very hard to curb the issue of baby dumping when the teens itself are unclear from the start. don’t get me wrong. Recently. They started to learn. from their home. some are not financially steady. They can study. absorb and parents. they are not married yet. what is wrong and right. Parents should be aware if they see their child is different or be bit more concern to their child. the government plan to build a school for pregnant girls is also a good example of giving them an option. they afraid of getting humiliated by their school friends. and some are students.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING comes to education. and these people are facing a great pressure that more than they can handle. punishment is not solving the baby dumping problem. I mean. which is suicide. Yet. and the innocent babies are most importantly. as parents to nurture. They can change to a better person if they have been given an option to change themselves. But many know. what do you think is a better way to opt punishment? A: Most of the perpetrators are young partners. don’t do that and lot more. even the minister is coming out with new punishment for the baby dumping perpetrators. But who kills more when there have Henry Gurney? Q: A: What are your hopes in future to solve this problem? I love to see there is no more baby-dumping issue in the future. Punishment in it pros. as the closest person and have a sole rights to strain if they do wrong. These are actually can lead to another problem. The school are reportedly creates worries for it seems to encourage teenagers and make them feel safe. in terms of education. I love to say that teenager should be initially educated from their parents. it ends the life of the perpetrators. I think. Or at least the percentage is declining. put them in a secure environment would be much better. they being isolated from the society. they were curious to know about sex. children to listen and keep hold of the parent’s will. Punishment can never reawaken the baby. are meant to ignite fear and give lessons. At the very stage of teens. I didn’t mean that parents should tell them how the babies are made. If we can predict the problem next. safe. But inversely. safely deliver the baby. in cons. don’t do this. Everyone should play their roles. I believe they don’t know what to. and that is parent’s role to explain to them. as Muslims to uphold what the Islam’s says and to have 28 . Most of them. On behalf of educational professionals. Q: Recently. parents should listen and tell the boundaries of what is ‘halal’ and ‘haram’. why don’t we plan the way to prevent it? So.
Other than that. and some are students. We should realize that we are bound to bring the family’s name and the dignity. While. and prohibits the media and the Internet give sources for pornography. Many ways are been suggested and discussed in results at least it reduces the number of baby dumping which today getting worst and it should be ended. 29 .LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING self-respect as a woman. the NGO create a place called Baby Hatch that functions as a shelter for the baby to live and protect from being dumped away. Now. the authorities want to stop the couples from celebrating New Year’s celebration and Valentine’s celebration. They can change to a better person if they have been given an option to change themselves. some are not financially steady. it ends the life of the perpetrators. Punishment in it pros. But in contrast. are meant to ignite fear and give lessons. SUMMARY Every institution is taking their part together starting from the authorities such as the police. It is our responsibility to carry it around because we as a Muslim is also must obligate of what Islam teach to the mankind. However. To attract the youngster get rid of themselves involves in baby dumping the authorities can be tackled effectively through an enjoyable education program. it should be educate at the early stage not when the issue is already worsening. the government and some of the non-governmental organization (NGO) who is willing to join helping these youngsters. Never forget that we have to hold to the ‘amanah’ given to us. Sex education is important when this issue is already becoming a big matter. everyone should realize that we are bound to bring the family’s name and the dignity. Punishment can never reawaken the baby. punishment unable to make a person become deterrent or solve the problem because most of the perpetrators are still young and they are unmarried yet. enacted a law and as an act of murder for those who committing baby dumping. Lastly.
LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING • Conclusion 5.0 CONCLUSION 30 .
the wrong ones had no choice but to tell their parents or at least meet a counselor to ease their burden. It is sad to know that most of the people who commit this crime are the Malays. Does it mean that our races have zero knowledge or no moral civic at all by committing this crime? As one nation. We already know that most of them dump the baby because they are ashamed of their wrongdoings and of course they don’t want to humiliate their parents and relatives. The government should gives heavier punishment to those who commit this appalling crime. even though it is hard tell to the families. We don’t want more babies dying. BIBLIOGRAPHY BOOKS 31 . So. But at first. So. they should come clean with it and not create another sin by throwing the baby. By having sex with the opposite gender with no legal marriage is already a crime in every religion and to adding up the sin by dumping the baby have already worsen the case. We should quit blaming the perpetrators because it would not help solving the problem. It is right if the government has taken the drastic step of categorizing baby dumping as a criminal act as a murder if it meets with all the legal specifications of one.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING Baby dumping is becoming a common problem in the country and this problem will never end without a solution. individual (main role). when this issue had become worse. society and government must stand together to prevent this problem. The religious and educational authorities must play their part in organizing community programs and collaborating with parents to nurture the right values in the young. Immoral act should be severed from the early stage. we should help each other by finding ways to solve it.
thenutgraph.com/putting-a-stop-to-baby-dumping (retrieved on 25 September 2010). http://www. Johnny Liam. 22 August 2010. http://www.. Paying for our fault. 22 August 2010. Education key to stemming baby dumping.. 24 August 2010.my/legal/general_news/education_key_to_stemming_baby_dumpi ng.malaysiandigest. History of baby dumping. Baby dumping can be dealt effectively through education. 1-2.slamdailynews. Baby-dumping and infanticide. Mass media research : An introduction.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING Ciccarelli & J.com/.html (retrieved on 25 September 2010)./7688-school-for-pregnant-teenagers-a-positivestep-to-curbing-baby-dumping.google.html.malaysianbar. Windhoek: Namibia. http://www. School for pregnant teenagers a positive step to curbing baby dumping. http://www. WEB Ashraf Mohamad.org. http://www. Azrul Mohd Khalib. Deborah Lee. Diane Hubbard. 32 .malaysiandigest.my/nst/articles/18bayi1/Article/ (retrieved on 25 September 2010). http://news.. 14 August 2010. Jason Lee. Jason Lim. Pearson prentice hall: New Jersey. (retrieved on 29 September 2010).html (retrieved on 25 September 2010).com/2010/07/09malaysia-sets-up-babyhatch-to-save-lives/ (retrieved on 24 August 2010). Putting a stop to baby dumping.com.com/news/36-local/7180-yen-yen-baby-dumping-can-be-dealteffectively-through-education. (2009).nst. (2008). 9 July 2010. 17 August 2010.com/newspapers? id=OJ4WAAAAIBAKJ&sjid=WRUEAAAAIBAJ&pg=1223. Bernama.1179792&dq=history+of+baby+dumpin g&hl=en (retrieved on 26 September 2010). 16 August 2010. http://www.
19 August 2010.com. Wanita Gerakan Association.com/ (retrieved on 24 September 2010). Baby Dumping: help and not punish the mothers. (retrieved on 25 September 2010).asp? file=/2010/8/19/ natIon/6877858&sec=nation. 23 August 2010.my/news/story. 17 August 2010. Mariam Mokhtar. 16 August 2010. http://hussain-english. http://www.gerakan4u.com/media-buzz-detail/41opinion/48944-abandoned-babies-unplanned-unwanted-and-unloved (retrieved on 25 September 2010).blogspot. (retrieved on 25 September 2010). Stephanie Chai.malaysianmirror.com/featuredetail/181-social-issues/48849--baby-dumping-is-therea-deterrent-or-a-solution. 33 . Baby-dumping: Is there a deterrent or a solution? http://www.LIB 404 PSYCHOLOGY – ISSUE ON BABY DUMPING Kitty Lim. 14 August 2010. http://www. Zaidi Yusof Baby dumping among teenagers in Malaysia.malaysianmirror.com/en/blog/article/baby-dumping-help-and-not-punishthe-mothers-wanita-gerakan/ (retrieved on 29 September 2010). Baby dumping. http://thestar. wanita gerakan.
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