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Teori Muzik

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Irama Melodi Harmoni Warna ton Tekstur Bentuk Ekspresi

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THEORY OF MUSIC
GRADE 1
( Primary )

Based on new syllabus of the


Associated Board of Royal School of Music,
London

For R.E. Seminar


TOPICS
Chapter 1: Time Values of Notes
Chapter 2: Bar-Lines & Time Signatures
Chapter 3: The Stave & Notes
Chapter 4: Treble Clef & Bass Clef
Chapter 5: Rests
Chapter 6: Dots after Notes
Chapter 7: Sharps, Flats & Naturals
Chapter 8: C,G,D & F Major & Key Signature
Chapter 9: Interval
Chapter10: The Tonic Triad
Chapter 1:

The Values of Notes


Chapter 1:
The Values of Notes
Note & Name

Semibreve (Whole note) Quaver (Eight note)

Minim (Half note) Semiquaver (Sixteenth note)

Crotchet (Quarter note)


Chapter 1
The Values of Notes
Semibreve

Minim

Crotchet

Quaver

Semiquaver
Chapter 2:

Bar-Lines & Time Signatures


Chapter 2:
Bar-Lines & Time Signatures
Bar-line Double bar-line

Bar Bar Bar Bar


Chapter 2:
Bar-Lines & Time Signatures
The numbers you see at the beginning of a piece is call

TIME SIGNATURE:
Chapter 2:
Bar-Lines & Time signature
= 2 crotchets in a bar

Common Time

= 3 crotchets in a bar

* Another way of writing this Time signature:

OR
Chapter 3:

The Stave & Notes


Chapter 3:
The Stave & Notes
5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1

The stave has five lines which we count from the bottom and four spaces

Remember: 5 lines and 4 spaces


Chapter 3:
The Stave & Notes
An extra line drawn above or below the stave is called a
LEDGER LINE

Notes on ledger lines

Note above ledger line

Note below ledger line


Chapter 3:
The Stave & Notes
All notes except the semibreve has stem which goes up on the right hand side
And down on the left hand side

On the middle line stems can go either up or down

The stems of notes below the middle line go up, the stems of notes above
The middle line go down
Chapter 3:
The Stave & Notes
Right hand side

Left hand side


Chapter 4:

Treble Clef & Bass Clef


Chapter 4:
Treble Clef

F
E
D
C
B
A
G
F
E

MIDDLE C
Chapter 4:
Bass Clef

MIDDLE C

G A
F
E
D
C
A B
G
Chapter 5:

Rest
Chapter 5:
Five Kinds of REST

SEMIBREVE REST
(whole rest)
Also called A BAR REST as it is used to show that there
are no notes in a bar.
Chapter 5:
Five Kinds of REST

MINIM REST
( half rest )
Chapter 5:
Five Kinds of REST

CROTCHET REST
( quarter rest )
Chapter 5:
Five Kinds of REST

QUAVER REST
(eight rest)
Chapter 5:
Five Kinds of REST

SEMIQUAVER REST
( sixteenh rest )
Chapter 6:

Dots after Notes


Chapter 6: Dots after Notes
„ A dot after a note
makes it half as
much longer

„ Ex. .
Chapter 7:

Sharps, Flats and Naturals


Chapter 7: Sharps
= Sharps

C#

Placed in front of a note


Chapter 7: Flats = Flat

D
Placed in front of a note
Chapter 7: Natural = Natural
Chapter: 8

C, G, D and F Major Scales

and Key Siganature


Chapter 8:

C D E F G A B C
T T S T T T S

•In a major scales there are Seven Degrees (note) made up


of tones and semitones
•All major scales are made up of the same patterns of tones
and semitones
Chapter 8:
Chapter 8
F#
Chapter 8:
Bb
Chapter 9:

Interval
Chapter 9: Interval

The space between two notes (or 2 degrees) in a scale is


Call an INTERVAL

M 2nd M 3rd P 4th P 5th M 6th M 7th Octave


Chapter 10:

The Tonic triad


Chapter 10: The Triad Tonic
“Tonic” is another name for key note or the 1st
note of a scale

“A triad” is a chord made up of 3 notes ( a group of


notes )

Ex. Fifth
Third
Tonic

TONIC TRIAD OF C
Chapter 10: The Triad Tonic
Name the key in which the following are tonic triads

a. b.

G note D note

TONIC TRIAD OF G MAJOR TONIC TRIAD OF D MAJOR