Herbal Meds | Garlic | Herbalism

Submitted by

:
Sharlyn N. Glodove

Submitted to:
Ma.Corazon Lourdes Lucin, RN MAN

Lagundi
Scientific Name: Vitex Negundo
Studies have shown that Lagundi can prevent the body's production of leukotrienes, which are released during an asthma attack. Lagundi contains Chrysoplenol D, a substance with anti-histamine and muscle relaxant properties.

Plant Description: The Lagundi plant can grow up to five meters
tall. It can be described as a cross between a shrub and a tree with a single woody stem (trunk). One of Lagundi's distinctive features is its pointed leaves with five leaflets set like a hand.

Herbal Benefits
Relief of asthma, cough and fever Recommended relief of rheumatism, dyspepsia, boils, diarrhea Treatment of dysentery, colds, and pain in any part of the body as in influenza Headache Skin diseases and wounds Aromatic bath for sick patients

Preparation and Use
Boil half cup of chopped fresh or dried leaves in 2 cups of water for 10 to 15 minutes. Pound the leaves on the affected part Boil a handful of leaves and flowers in water and flowers to produce a glass full of decoction three times a day. Crushed leaves may be applied on the forehead. Prepare a decoction of leaves. Wash and clean the skin/wound with the decoction. Prepare leaf decoction for use in sick and newly delivered patients.

Akapulko
Scientific name: Cassia, alata L.
A medicinal herb that contains chrysophanic acid, a fungicide used to treat fungal infections, like ringworms, scabies, and eczema. Akapulko also contains saponin, a laxative that is useful in expelling intestinal parasites.

Plant Description:

The shrub belongs to the family

ofLeguminosae, and grows about one to two meters tall. It has thick branches and the leaves are embraced with 8 to 20 leaflets that are oblong-elliptical in shape. The flowers of the Akapulko have oblong sepals, and its fruits are tetragonal, which are also winged and glabrous.

Herbal Benefits
Anti-fungal: tinea flava, ringworm, athletes foot, and scabies Mouthwash in stomatitis Expectorant for bronchitis and dyspnea Alleviation of asthma symptoms Used as diuretic and purgative For cough & fever As a laxative to expel intestinal parasites and other stomach problems.

Preparation and Use
Fresh, matured leaves are pounded. Apply as soap to the affected part 1-2 times a day. As the expectorant for bronchitis and dyspnea, drink decoction (soak and boil for 10 to 15 minutes) of Akapulko leaves. The same preparation may be used as a mouthwash, stringent, and wash for eczema. As laxative, cut the plant parts (roots, flowers, and the leaves) into a manageable size then prepare a decoction Note: The decoction loses

Note: A strong decoction of Akapulko leaves is an abortifacient. Pregnant women should not take decoction of the leaves or any part of this plant.

its potency if not used for a long time. Dispose leftovers after one day. The pounded leaves of Akapulko have purgative functions, specifically against ringworms.

Ampalaya
Scientific Name: Mamordica Sarantia
The bitter taste of the ampalaya fruit had also been the distinguishing factor from the rest of the fruits with medicinal value, and this is due to the presence of a substance known as momorcidin.

Plant description:

a climbing vine and the tendrils of which grow up

to 20 centimeters long. This herbal plant belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae, and it is a tropical as well as a subtropical vine. Ampalaya leaves are heart-shaped, which are 5 to 10 centimeters in diameter. The fruits of the ampalaya vine are fleshy green with pointed ends at length. It can never be mistaken for any other variety because its ribbed and wrinkled surface had always been ampalaya·s distinct physical structure.

Herbal Benefits
Good for rheumatism and gout And diseases of the spleen and liver

Preparation and Use
For coughs, fever, worms, diarrhea, diabetes, juice Ampalaya leaves and drink a spoonful daily. For other ailments, the fruit and leaves can both

Aids in lowering blood sugar levels Helps in lowering blood pressure Relives headaches Disinfects and heals wounds & burns Can be used as a cough & fever remedy Treatment of intestinal worms, diarrhea Helps prevent some types of cancer Enhances immune system to fight infection For treatment of hemorrhoids

be juiced and taken orally. For headaches wounds, burns and skin diseases, apply warmed leaves to afflicted area. Powdered leaves, and the root decoction, may be used as stringent and applied to treat hemorrhoids. Internal parasites are proven to be expelled when the ampalaya juice, made from its leaves, is extracted. The ampalaya juice, and grounded seeds is to be taken one spoonful thrice a day, which also treats diarrhea, dysentery, and chronic colitis.

Is an antioxidant and parasiticide Is antibacterial and antipyretic

Yerba Buena
Scientific Namr: Mentha cordifelia
As an herbal medicine, a decoction (boil leaves then strain) of Yerba Buena is effective for minor ailments such as headaches, toothaches, and joint pains. It can also relive stomachaches due to gas buildup and indigestion. The fresh and dried leaves can both be used for the decoction. And because Yerba Buena belongs to the mint family, soaking fresh leaves in a glass of water (30 to 45 minutes) makes a good and effective mouth wash for a clean, fresh smelling breath.

Plant description: Yerba Buena is an herb of the mint family. It is an aromatic plant used as herbal medicine
worldwide. This perennial plant·s growth ranges from 0.6 meters to 1 meter. It has elongated leaves and in summers, it bears small whitish or purplish flowers.

Herbal Benefits
Arthritis Head aches Tooth aches Mouth wash Relief of intestinal gas Stomach aches Indigestion Drink as tea for general good health.

Preparation and Use
Wash fresh Yerba Buena leaves in running water. Chop to size for dried leaves, crush) and boil 2 teaspoons of leaves in a glass of water. Boil in medium heat for 15 to 20 minutes. As analgesic, take a cupful every 3 hours. For tooth aches, pound the fresh leaves, squeeze juice out and apply on a cotton ball then bite on to the aching tooth. Yerba buena leaves may be heated over fire and placed over the forehead for headaches.

Sambong
Scientific Name: Blumea balsamifera
An anti-urolithiasis and work as a diuretic. It is used to aid the treatment of kidney disorders. The Sambong leaves can also be used to treat colds and mild hypertension. Since it is a diuretic, this herbal medicine helps dispose of excess water and sodium (salt) in the body.

Plant description: Coming from the family of
Compositae, it goes by several names locally. It is known in the Visayas as bukadkad and as subsob in Ilocos. The plant is a strongly aromatic herb that grows tall and erect. Its height ranges from 1.5 to 3 meters, with stems that grow for up to 2.5 centimeters.

Herbal Benefits
Good as a diuretic agent Effective in the dissolving kidney stones Aids in treating hypertension & rheumatism Treatment of colds & fever Anti-diarrheic properties Anti-gastralgic properties Helps remove worms, boils Relief of stomach pains Treats dysentery, sore throat

Preparation and Use
A decoction (boil in water) of Sambong leaves as like tea and drink a glass 3 or 4 times a day. The leaves can also be crushed or pounded and mixed with coconut oil. For headaches, apply crushed and pounded leaves on forehead and temples. Decoction of leaves is used as sponge bath. Decoction of the roots, on the other hand, is to be taken in as cure for fever.

Tsaang Gubat
Scientific Name: Carmona retusa
In folkloric medicine, the leaves has been used as a disinfectant wash during child birth, as cure for diarrhea, as tea for general good heath and because Tsaang Gubat has high fluoride content, it is used as a mouth gargle for preventing tooth decay. Research and test now prove its efficacy as an herbal medicine. Aside from the traditional way of taking Tsaag Gubat, it is now available commercially in capsules, tablets and tea bags.

Plant description: Tsaang Gubat is a shrub (small tree) that grows (from 1 to 5 meters) abundantly in the
Philippines.

Herbal Benefits
Stomach pains Gastroenteritis Intestinal motility

Preparation and Use
Thoroughly wash the leaves of tsaang gubat in running water. Chop to a desirable size and boil 1 cup of chopped leaves in 2 cups of water. Boil in low heat for 15 to 20 minutes and drain. Take a cupful every 4 hours for diarrhea,

Dysentery Diarrhea or Loose Bowel Movement (LBM) Mouth gargle Body cleanser/wash

gastroenteritis and stomach pains. Gargle for stronger teeth and prevent cavities. Drink as tea daily for general good health.

Bayabas
Scientific Name: Psidium guajava L.
As shown by many research studies, almost all of the parts of this plant have medicinal qualities and value, and thus, making it as one of the most popular therapeutic plants in the Philippines.

Plant description: Bayabas is a small tree
that can grow up to 3 meters tall with greenishbrownish smooth bark. The round globular bayabas fruit starts as a flower and is usually harvested and eaten while still green. The fruit turns yellowish-green and soft when ripe.

Herbal Benefits
Antiseptic, astringent & anthelminthic Kills bacteria, fungi and amoeba Used to treat diarrhea, nosebleeding For Hypertension, diabetes and Asthma Promotes menstruation

Preparation and Use
Boil one cup of Bayabas leaves in three cups of water for 8 to 10 minutes. Let cool. Use decoction as mouthwash, gargle. Use as wound disinfectant - wash affected areas with the decoction of leaves 2 to 3 times a day. Fresh leaves may be applied to the wound directly for faster healing. For toothaches, chew the leaves in your mouth. For diarrhea, boil the chopped leaves for 15 minutes in water, and strain. Let cool, and drink a cup every three to four hours. To stop nosebleed, densely roll Bayabas leaves, then place in the nostril cavities.

The fresh leaves are used to facilitate the healing of wounds and cuts. A decoction (boiling in water) or infusion of fresh leaves can be used for wound cleaning to prevent infection. Bayabas is also effective for toothaches. Note: Bayabas can cause constipation when consumed in excess.

Ulasimang-Bato
Scientific Name: Peperonia pellucida
Pansit-pansitan can be found wild on lightly shaded and damp areas such as nooks, walls, yards and even roofs. Pansit-pansitan has heart shaped leaves, succulent stems with tiny flowers on a spike. When matured, the small fruits bear one seed which fall of the ground and propagate.

Plant description: A weed, with heart-shaped leaves that grow in shady parts of the garden and yard. Herbal Benefits
Lowers uric acid (rheumatism and gout) Arthritis Skin boils, abscesses, pimples Headache Abdominal pains kidney problems

Preparation and Use
Wash the leaves well. One and a half cup leaves are boiled in two glassfuls of water over low fire. Do not cover pot. Cool and strain. Divide into three parts and drink each part three times a day after meals. May also be eaten as a salad. Wash the leaves well. Prepare one and a half cups of leaves (not closely packed). Divide into three parts and take as a salad three times a day.

Bawang
Scientific Name: Allium sativum
Its medicinal properties have been known for a long time and have been especially proven during World War II when it was used to treat wounds and infections of soldiers. Garlic·s antibacterial compound known as allicin, saved many lives of the soldiers as this property prevented the wounds from being infected and developing into gangrene at a later stage by extracting the juice of bawang or garlic and applying to the wounds.

Plant description: A low herb, which only grows up to sixty centimeters high. Its leaves are flat and linear, with
bulbs that consist of several tubers. This herb is one of the most widely used herbal medicines in the Philippines and can also be found commonly in the kitchen of Filipino households as it is used to spice up food preparations.

Herbal Benefits
Good for the heart Helps lower bad cholesterol levels (LDL) Aids in lowering blood pressure Remedy for arteriosclerosis May help prevent certain types of cancer Boosts immune system to fight infection With antioxidant properties Cough and cold remedy Relives sore throat, toothache Aids in the treatment of tuberculosis Helps relieve rheumatism pain With anticoagulant properties

Preparation and Use
For disinfecting wound, crush and juice the garlic bulb and apply. You may cover the afflicted area with a gauze and bandage. For sore throat and toothache, peal the skin and chew. Swallow the juice. Cloves of garlic may be crushed and applied to affected areas to reduce the pain caused by arthritis, toothache, headache, and rheumatism. Decoction of the bawang bulbs and leaves are used as treatment for fever. For nasal congestion, steam and inhale: vinegar, chopped garlic, and water.

Niyug-Niyogan
Scientific Name: Quisqualis indica
This active climber, which belongs to the combretaceae family grows best in tropical areas and demands constant sunlight. Perhaps due to its tropical characterization that it is found in primary and secondary forests of countries like Africa, China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea and other Asian regions.

Plant description: A vine which bears tiny fruits and grows wild in backyards. The seeds must come from mature,
dried but newly opened fruits. Propagated through stem cuttings about 20 cm in height.

Herbal Benefits
Almost all of its parts are used individually, or mixed with other ingredients, as remedy to different ailments. In the Philippines, these are taken to rid people of parasitic worms. Some also use these to help alleviate coughs and diarrhea. Medical experts, advice patients to consult their doctors as improper dosing may cause hiccups. Niyog-niyogan·s leaves are used to cure body pains by placing them on specific problematic areas of the body. Compound decoctions of the leaves of niyog-niyogan are used in India to alleviate flatulence.

Preparation and Use
Seeds of niyog-niyogan can be taken as an anthelmintic. These are eaten raw two hours before the patient·s last meal of the day. Adults may take 10 seeds while children 4 to 7 years of age may eat up to four seeds only. Children from ages 8 to 9 may take six seeds and seven seeds may be eaten by children 10 to 12 years old. Decoctions of its roots are also sometimes used as a remedy for rheumatism while its fruits are used as an effective way to relieve toothaches.

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