Solutions Manual

to accompany

Unit Operations
of

Chemical Engineering
Seventh Edition Prepared by Julian C. Smith Peter Harriott
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you are using it without permission. without the prior written permission of the publisher. . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed.18 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved. Inc.Page 7 . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual.

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without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. . you are using it without permission.20 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual.Page 7 . Inc.

21 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Inc. If you are a student using this Manual. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 7 .

© The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. . you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Page 8 . No part of this Manual may be displayed.1 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. .Page 8 .2 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed.

No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Page 8 . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual.3 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher. . Inc. you are using it without permission.

No part of this Manual may be displayed. If you are a student using this Manual.Page 8 . All rights reserved. Inc. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. .4 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission.

. without the prior written permission of the publisher.Page 8 . If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc.5 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

. without the prior written permission of the publisher.6 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Inc. you are using it without permission. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed. If you are a student using this Manual. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 8 .

or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Inc. All rights reserved. . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.7 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission.Page 8 . © The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Inc.8 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 8 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved.

9 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. All rights reserved. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.Page 8 . . Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.

reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. . Inc. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher.10 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Page 8 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.

reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.11 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. If you are a student using this Manual. . All rights reserved. Inc.Page 8 . without the prior written permission of the publisher.

reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. . you are using it without permission.12 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Inc.Page 8 . without the prior written permission of the publisher. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed.

Page 9 . Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved.1 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. . No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.

2 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. . © The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher.Page 9 . you are using it without permission. If you are a student using this Manual. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc.

All rights reserved. .3 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission. Inc. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. If you are a student using this Manual. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 9 . without the prior written permission of the publisher.

If you are a student using this Manual. All rights reserved.4 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Page 9 . without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed. . Inc. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.

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If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. . you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved. Inc.15 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Page 9 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.

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. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Page 10 . you are using it without permission.1 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. All rights reserved. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc. No part of this Manual may be displayed. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.

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All rights reserved. without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed. .3 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Page 10 . © The McGraw-Hill Companies.

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without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission.6 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Page 10 . If you are a student using this Manual. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Inc. . All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

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4 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc. .Page 11 .

5 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher.Page 11 . Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. .

If you are a student using this Manual. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.6 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved.Page 11 . . without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc. you are using it without permission.

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If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. . without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 11 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved.8 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. you are using it without permission.

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© The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Inc.Page 11 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . without the prior written permission of the publisher.10 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

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© The McGraw-Hill Companies.14 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual.Page 11 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved. Inc. . you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed.

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reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual.4 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Inc.Page 12 . . All rights reserved. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.

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No part of this Manual may be displayed. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. . © The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Page 12 .6 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc.

© The McGraw-Hill Companies.Page 12 . If you are a student using this Manual. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission. .7 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved.

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If you are a student using this Manual.Page 12 . . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.10 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved. Inc. you are using it without permission.

If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Page 12 . .11 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission. Inc.

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© The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.13 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Page 12 . .

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© The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Inc. you are using it without permission.18 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. .Page 12 . If you are a student using this Manual. All rights reserved.

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without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. . If you are a student using this Manual.8 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved. Inc. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. you are using it without permission.Page 17 . No part of this Manual may be displayed.

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© The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Page 17 . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.10 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission. Inc. All rights reserved.

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you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.Page 17 . Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. If you are a student using this Manual. .13 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved.

reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission.14 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher.Page 17 . All rights reserved. . © The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc.

. If you are a student using this Manual.15 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 17 . you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Inc.

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Inc. without the prior written permission of the publisher. .20 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.Page 17 . If you are a student using this Manual.

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27 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher.Page 17 . Inc.

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© The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. . If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission.5 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed.Page 18 .

Page 18 . Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. . © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.6 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission.

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No part of this Manual may be displayed. Inc. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. . you are using it without permission.8 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Page 18 . If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

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© The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. .12 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Page 18 . without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc.

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or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.16 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Inc. .Page 18 . without the prior written permission of the publisher.

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© The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed. If you are a student using this Manual. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc.4 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. .Page 19 . you are using it without permission.

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without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. All rights reserved. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. . Inc.Page 20 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.

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No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher.Page 20 . If you are a student using this Manual. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.11 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. .

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No part of this Manual may be displayed. . you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc.18 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. All rights reserved.Page 20 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

19 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission.Page 20 . Inc. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Inc. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 20 .20 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. All rights reserved. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. .

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Inc. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. .Page 21 .4 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission. without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual.

If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 21 . No part of this Manual may be displayed. Inc.5 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. .

If you are a student using this Manual. .Page 21 .6 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. Inc.

7 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission. . If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher.Page 21 . No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.

8 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual.Page 21 . .

If you are a student using this Manual. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 21 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Inc. All rights reserved.9 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.10 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed.Page 21 .

All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed. If you are a student using this Manual. . you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.Page 21 .11 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc.

or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.12 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Page 21 . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc. . No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual.

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you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.14 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Page 21 . . No part of this Manual may be displayed. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc.

Inc. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. without the prior written permission of the publisher.Page 21 .15 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. . No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.

without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission.Page 21 . Inc. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual.16 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher. If you are a student using this Manual.17 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 21 . . All rights reserved. Inc.

you are using it without permission. Inc.18 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved.Page 21 . © The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher. .

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All rights reserved. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc. . you are using it without permission.Page 21 .21 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed. If you are a student using this Manual.

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you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.23 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Page 21 . without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved.

you are using it without permission.Page 21 . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. . without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.24 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc.

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without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed.Page 21 .26 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. . If you are a student using this Manual. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved.

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without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.30 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Page 21 . All rights reserved. .

or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Inc. No part of this Manual may be displayed.Page 21 . without the prior written permission of the publisher. If you are a student using this Manual. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission.31 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. . All rights reserved.

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35 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Inc. you are using it without permission. All rights reserved. . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 21 . without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Inc. without the prior written permission of the publisher. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual. All rights reserved.36 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed.Page 21 . .

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or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved.Page 21 . If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc. . © The McGraw-Hill Companies.39 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

Inc. If you are a student using this Manual.40 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. .Page 21 . All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed.

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No part of this Manual may be displayed. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher. . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Page 22 . All rights reserved. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission. Inc.4 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.

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No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 22 . .6 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

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If you are a student using this Manual. . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc.Page 22 . All rights reserved.8 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission.

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11 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher. If you are a student using this Manual. . All rights reserved. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. you are using it without permission. Inc.Page 22 .

No part of this Manual may be displayed. Inc. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 22 . you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. .12 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher. If you are a student using this Manual.

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If you are a student using this Manual.Page 22 . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. . Inc. No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. without the prior written permission of the publisher. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.16 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.17 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed.Page 22 . All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

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No part of this Manual may be displayed.1 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Page 23 . If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved. .

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Inc. you are using it without permission.Page 23 . © The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved.4 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual. .

If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission. . © The McGraw-Hill Companies.Page 23 . All rights reserved.5 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

Inc.Page 23 .6 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission. without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. .

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you are using it without permission. Inc. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher.12 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 23 .

or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . If you are a student using this Manual. Inc.Page 23 . you are using it without permission.13 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.

If you are a student using this Manual. Inc.14 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Page 23 . All rights reserved. . you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

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No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher. . you are using it without permission.16 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Page 23 . All rights reserved.

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No part of this Manual may be displayed. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. .Page 23 . without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.18 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission.

If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.19 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. . Inc. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed.Page 23 .

If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.1 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. . without the prior written permission of the publisher.Page 24 . All rights reserved. you are using it without permission. Inc.

without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.2 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. All rights reserved. .Page 24 . Inc. If you are a student using this Manual.

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4 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. . All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Inc. you are using it without permission.Page 24 . without the prior written permission of the publisher.

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© The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc.11 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher.Page 24 . All rights reserved.

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No part of this Manual may be displayed. . © The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher.1 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission. If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Page 25 .

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If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.4 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. .Page 25 . © The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc.

© The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual. . without the prior written permission of the publisher.Page 25 . Inc.5 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. you are using it without permission. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed.

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No part of this Manual may be displayed. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc.Page 25 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. without the prior written permission of the publisher. . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.9 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.Page 25 . .10 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

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If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc. .15 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Page 25 . © The McGraw-Hill Companies.

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Inc. .Page 25 . you are using it without permission. without the prior written permission of the publisher. If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.19 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed.

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If you are a student using this Manual. .9 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. © The McGraw-Hill Companies.Page 27 . All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

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© The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. . No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved.Page 29 .9 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

If you are a student using this Manual. All rights reserved.10 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . No part of this Manual may be displayed.Page 29 . without the prior written permission of the publisher. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc.

Page 29 . without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.11 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. . © The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved.

12 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher.Page 29 . No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. .

without the prior written permission of the publisher. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed.13 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Inc. . you are using it without permission.Page 29 .

If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. Inc. .14 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved.Page 29 . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Page 29 .15 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. . No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. All rights reserved.

. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Page 29 . All rights reserved.16 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission. Inc. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

without the prior written permission of the publisher.Page 29 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed. . All rights reserved. Inc. If you are a student using this Manual.17 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

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