Hapkido / Taekwondo Manual
History of Hapkido As with most martial arts, the history of Hapkido, is shrouded in mystery and controversy. Lack of original records, hearsay, anecdotes, politics, egos, and ravages of time all but ensure sketchy and biased accounts of the origin of this martial art. Over the past 2000 years the Korean people have developed several fighting systems and martial disciplines, which have evolved into modern TaeKwonDo, Tang Soo Do, Hapkido, Kook Sook, Hwa Rang Do and others. Hundreds of years of trade, war, occupation and exchange between Korea and its neighbors, China and Japan, has resulted in “cross-pollination”, mutual influence and blending of styles and techniques. It is now virtually impossible to state with certainty which techniques are truly Korean, Chinese or Japanese in origin. Hapkido was founded by Choi Yong Sool (1904-1986). Reportedly he developed the system by combining native Korean fighting methods with Japanese Daito Ryu Aiki-Ju Jitsu. Choi had learned that system from its Headmaster Sokaku Takeda while living in Japan from 1915-1945. After his return to Korea, Choi started teaching Self Defense (Yawara) in TaeGue City. He initially called his system Yu Kwon Sool. One of Choi‟s senior students, Ji Han-Jae, claims to have been the first to introduce the name “Hapkido” in Seoul in 1957. However, this is strongly disputed by Choi‟s first student and mentor, Prof. Suh Bok Sup, who claims that he and Choi were already using the word “Hapkido” when they opened their first dojang (school) in 1951. Some “traditional” instructors claim that Hapkido contains over 3600 techniques, including as many as 120 different kicks. However, Prof. Suh Bok Sup, who was Choi‟s first and employer, disputes this and asserts that the original Hapkido system as
taught by Choi was comprised of only 100 self defense techniques. Nowadays there are many styles of Hapkido as well as over a dozen associations / governing bodies. Some styles have produced forms (Hyung) and require them for advancement; others emphasize high kicking (including jumping and flying kicks); still others, heavily influenced by Judo and Aikido, emphasize throwing skills. The word Hapkido is made up of three distinct words. As you will see, each word has a few different meanings. HAP, which means to coordinate, to combine, to unite, to join; KI, which means internal power, dynamic energy; DO, which means the way
The word Taekwondo is made up of three distinct words. As you will see, each word has a few different meanings. TAE, which means foot; KWON, which means fist; DO, which means the way
Universal Theories of Hapkido The three universal theories of Hapkido are: The Water Principle (Yu), which teaches the student to penetrate the defenses of the attacker by “flowing” in, over, around or under. The Circular Motion Principle (Won), which teaches the student how to gain and impart momentum by moving in a circular manner. By redirecting the attack in a circular direction the student controls the balance and the kinetic energy of the attacker. The Non-resistance (or Harmony) Principle (Hwa), which teaches the student to remain relaxed, flexible (not tense) and not to meet force with force.
The Founder of Combat Hapkido Grandmaster John Pellegrini is the Founder and President of the International Combat Hapkido Federation and the Independent Taekwondo Association. With over 35 years of Martial Arts study and research in Europe, the U.S. and Asia, he is recognized as one of the foremost experts and leading authority on Self Defense. His superior teaching skills and technical knowledge have earned him the highest reputation worldwide.
Combat Hapkido In 1990 Grandmaster Pellegrini officially named his style of Hapkido, “Combat Hapkido” (Chon-Tu Kwan Hapkido in Korean). The name clearly identifies it and sets it apart from other so called “traditional” styles of Hapkido. It is also referred to as the “Science of Self-Defense”. Combat Hapkido is an extremely realistic and versatile discipline of self protection that includes and extensive variety of joint locks, kicks, strikes, take downs, pressure points, grappling, and disarming techniques. The result is a comprehensive Self Defense system enjoyable to learn, safe to practice and most of all, totally effective. Combat Hapkido‟s dynamic concepts are based on scientific principles of anatomy and biomechanics as well as psychology and strategy. It is well suited for men and women of all ages and sizes because physical strength and athletic abilities are not essential. The emphasis is on redirecting the assailants‟ aggression and power back toward them with little effort and minimum force on your part.
Combat Hapkido Accreditation Grandmaster Pellegrini first received unofficial approval for Combat Hapkido by Grandmaster In Sun Seo while training with him in Pusan, Korea in 1993. After six years of monitoring and supervision, Grandmaster In Sun Seo granted Combat Hapkido official recognition and “Kwan” accreditation in March of 1999. This unprecedented act established Combat Hapkido as a legitimate style of Hapkido, registered with the World Ki-Do Federation and recognized by the Korean Government. The official Korean name for the system is “Chon-Tu Kwan Hapkido”. The ceremony of official recognition was held in Boca Raton, Florida on March 27th of 1999. Grandmaster Pellegrini was presented with the official certificate of approval by the World KiDo Federation / Korea Ki-Do Association.
The ICHF Logo The ICHF logo reflects the philosophy of the ICHF by bringing together the rich heritage of the Orient with that of Western civilization. The red and blue symbol (commonly referred to as the Ying / Yang) is the Korean Taeguek (Um / Yang) and it represents the foundation of Oriental thought, wisdom and philosophy. In the ICHF logo it acknowledges our roots and connection to Korean martial arts. For many centuries, in Western culture, the lion has been used as a majestic symbol of strength, courage, freedom and leadership. These attributes are at the core of everything the ICHF embodies and represents. The Oriental symbol at the bottom of the logo is the Korean character for “Ki” which symbolizes “life energy”, an indispensable element for understanding Hapkido.
The ITA Logo The red and blue symbol (commonly referred to as the Ying / Yang) is the Korean Taeguek (Um / Yang) and it represents the foundation of Oriental thought, wisdom and philosophy. In the ITA logo it acknowledges our roots and connection to Korean martial arts. The Oriental symbols in the middle of the logo is the Korean characters for Tae Kwon Do.
The Liberty Martial Arts Logo The red and blue symbol in the center symbolizes our schools practice and heritage of the Korean martial arts. The lion head represents the Lion of Judah.
The Korean National Flag
The Korean National Flag, the symbol of the Republic of Korea South Korea, is named "T'aegukki." The name was derived from the taeguk circle in the center. The circle is divided equally and in perfect balance. The red upper section represents the yang and the blue lower section stands for the yin. According to traditional Oriental Philosophy, the two symbolize the great cosmic forces, which oppose each other but achieve perfect harmony and balance. The taeguek circle stands for the eternal principle that everything in the universe is created and develops through the interaction between yin and yang; thus it symbolizes creation and development. The four trigrams surrounding the circle denote the process of yin and yang going through a spiral of change and growth. The three unbroken lines at the upper left represent heaven (kun), the three broken lines at the lower right represent earth (kon), the two broken lines with an unbroken line in the middle at the upper right represent water (kam), and the two unbroken lines with an broken line in the middle at the lower left represent fire (yi).
The white background of the flag symbolizes the purity of the Korean people and their peace-loving spirit. The flag as a whole is symbolic of the ideal of the Korean people to develop forever together with the universe.
The American Flag
The American flag is the symbol of the United States of America. The blue in the flag represents LIBERTY. The red in the flag represents BLOOD. The white in the flag represents COURGE. The 13 stripes on the flag represent THE FIRST 13 COLONIES. The 50 stars represent THE STATES IN THE UNITED STATES.
The Taeguek Forms (poomse)
Taeguek Il Jang - Symbolizes Heaven This form represents the source of creation by presenting the most basic techniques. It, therefore, is the foundation from which the other forms build. Taeguek Ee Jang - Symbolizes Joyfulness This form represents a frame of mind which is serene and gentle, yet, firm within, the state from which true virtue smiles. This form consists of movements that are made softly yet firmly with control. Taeguek Sam Jang - Symbolizes Fire This form represents fire and sun, and their characteristics of warmth, enthusiasm, and hope. Like fire, this form is filled with changing bursts of power connected with a continuous flow of motion. Taeguek Sa Jang - Symbolizes Thunder Thunder, combined with lightning, evokes fear and trembling but reminds us that danger, like a thunderstorm, passes as
suddenly as it comes, leaving blue sky, sunshine, and rain freshened air in its wake. It teaches to act calmly and bravely in the face of loud and terrifying dangers, real or imagined, knowing that they, too, shall pass. Taeguek Oh Jang - Symbolizes Wind Although there are horrible and destructive winds, such as the typhoon, hurricane, and tornado, the wind's true nature is gentle but penetrating. The wind teaches humility and good-natured actions. Like a gentle breeze, this form is simple. Yet like a storm, it is strong and powerful. Taeguek Yuk Jang - Symbolizes Water Water always flows downward and, in time, can wear away the hardest granite. We learn that we can overcome every difficulty if we go forward with self-confidence and persistence. Like water, this form is gentle yet destructive. It teaches that man, when faced with a challenge, can overcome it by persistence and unwavering belief. Taeguek Chil Jang - Symbolizes Mountain A mountain is stable and cannot be moved. This form teaches us to move only when it is necessary to move - and then move rapidly - and stop suddenly and solidly, standing like a rock. It teaches commitment to notion and to immobility, for one must not waver. Taeguek Pal Jang - Symbolizes Earth The earth is receptive, gentle and nurturing. It signifies the infinite concentration of UM energy. (UM is a passive, receptive force) The Earth hugs and grows everything. It nurtures in silence and in strength. It teaches us the importance of the life force within ourselves and to respect life in all forms.
Checklist for Performing Your Form (Poomse)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Use the proper stance / footwork. Use proper fist/hand placement (knuckles at eye level, elbow down on blocks, …) Check for proper targeting of strikes (every strike has a specific area as it‟s target) Plant your foot before you punch. Use proper kicks & techniques (aim knee, ball of foot extended on front kicks, …) Keep hips and shoulders square & in alignment. (Your shoulders should sit directly on top of your hips. Do not lean one way or the other.) Keep feet in virtual contact with the floor. Know where you‟re planting your foot when you move. Breathe from Hara (down low with intensity on every move). Kiai at the appropriate time Look before turning Rotate punches and knife edge strikes toward point of impact. Visualize your opponent & what your action would accomplish. This keeps you from being distracted by things going on around you. (Focus is mind, body & breathe coming together at point of contact). Explode into the opponent on every move. End the kata at the same spot you started. Hold your position. No miscellaneous movement. Resist any urges to scratch or wipe your brow.
7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.
13. 14. 15.
School Etiquette General Respect yourself and others at all times. Ensure the safety of yourself and others at all times. The instructor should be referred to as “Sir”, “Ma‟am”, “Mr…..”, or “Ms. ….”. Do not bring food, drinks or gum into the training area. Keep yourself and your uniform well groomed. Remember you are here to learn and not to glorify your own ego. Before Class No shoes on the mat, store shoes and bags in the cubical. Remove watches, necklaces, large earring and similar jewelry prior to class. Be on time for class, if you arrive late stand at the edge of the mat and wait to be invited into class by the instructor. Be dressed in your complete uniform, if you are missing a part of your uniform perform push-ups and then join class in the last row. During Class Class begins and ends with a bow to the instructor. Some westerners associate bowing as a form of worshipping; however, bowing is simply a form of showing courtesy or respect. It has no religious significance. Keep talking to a minimum during class. Class Opening Students line up, the most senior student will line up facing the instructor and to the instructor‟s left; all others will fill in according to rank. Assume a resting position (Shee Yoe Sohgi) Prayer requests Instructor: Attention (Cha Ryut) Students: Sir
Instructor: Bow (Kyung nae) Instructor: Ready (Choon Bee)
Class Closing Students line up, the most senior student will line up facing the instructor and to the instructor‟s left; all others will fill in according to rank. Assume a resting position (Shee Yoe Sohgi) Bowing Out o Lowest Belt & student the most to the right “_____ Belts, turn face _____ belts.” “Cha Ryut.” Attention “ Kyung Nae” Bow o Next higher belt & the student most to the right “_____ Belts, turn face _____ belts.” “Cha Ryut.” Attention “ Kyung Nae” Bow o Repeat as needed o Highest ranking student “All students, turn and face instructor .” “Cha Ryut.” Attention “ Kyung Nae” Bow All students: “Kom Sa Ham Ni Da” („Thank you‟ for teaching us.) o Instructor: hai sahn (Class dismissed)
Eleven Tenets of Tae Kwon Do Be loyal to your country Be respectful of your parents Be faithful to your spouse Be respectful of your brothers and sisters Be loyal to your friends Be respectful of your elders Be respectful of your teachers Never take life unjustly Never retreat in battle Be loyal to your school Always finish what you start.
Along with mastering the physical techniques of our art, all Taekwondo/Hapkido practitioners are expected to abide by these axioms. It is not unheard of for instructors to withhold promotion or even demote a student who breaks one of the tenets.
Black Belt Principles Courtesy: it‟s using words like please and thank you. Integrity: being honest at school and at home, it‟s how you act when you think no one is watching, what you say and do are the same. Self-Control: thinking before you act. Perseverance: finishing something once you have started, refusing to quit when the going gets rough. Indomitable Spirit: showing no fear in the face of trouble, it‟s knowing in life there are some risks that must be taken and having the courage to take them.
Liberty Martial Arts Code of Conduct Respect each other, Help each other, Be honest, and Always stand by the weak.
Testing & Promotions Testing will typically be done once per month. In order to test the student must have each of the belt requirements checked and initialed by the instructor prior to the testing date. The student must also complete a testing application and submit their fee at least one week prior to the test During testing/promotion it is encouraged that the student invites his/her family members and friends.
How long does it take to earn my belt? Promotions / Time In Grade The following are only approximations. Some students may progress faster and others may take longer at each belt level.
10 9th 8th 7th 6th 5th 4th 3rd 2nd 1st 1st
Belt Level Time In Grade Gup…..White Belt 1 Month 15-20 classes Gup…..Yellow Belt 1 Month 15-20 classes Gup…..Orange Belt 2 Months 20-30 classes Gup…..Green Belt 2 Months 20-30 classes Gup…..Purple Belt 4 Months 40-60 classes Gup…..Blue Belt 4 Months 40-60 classes Gup…..Brown Belt 5 Months 50-75 classes Gup…..Red Belt 5 Months 50-75 classes Gup…..Red/Black Belt 6 Months 60-90 classes Gup…..Black/ White Belt 6 Months 60-90 classes Dan..…Black Belt 1 Year 120-180 classes
How to tie your belt
1. Hold in evenly in front.
2. Wrap around
3. Bring to front
4. Top end goes under & behind
5. Bottom-end flops over
6. Top-end drops down
7. Top-end pulls through
8. Pull ends tight
9. Let ends drop
Yellow Belt (9th Gup) Requirements School Knowledge ____ Eleven Commandments of Taekwondo ____ Black Belt Principles ____ Code of Conduct Stances ____ Resting Position (Shee Yoe) ____ Ready Position (Choon Bee) ____ Attention (Cha Rutt) ____ Bow (on, off mat and instructor) (Kyung Yet) ____ Short (Walking) Stance (Gunnun So Gee) ____ Defensive (Short Back) Stance Breakfalls/Tumbling ____ Backward Breakfall Hand Strikes ____ Lead Punch (Jab) ____ Reverse Punch (Cross) Kicks ____ Front Kick (Front/Back Leg) ____ Kicking Concept: Snap & Thrust
(Chirigee) (Pon Tay Chirigee)
(Ap Cha Gee)
Blocks ____ Inside (Out-To-In) Hard Block (An Pal Moke Makee) ____ Outside (In-To-Out) Hard Block (Pal Moke Makee) Form ____ Kibon El Jong Breakaways ____ #1 – Open hand „live hand‟, lower CoG, push forearm forward, twist hand palm down, twist whole body inward and back. ____ #2 – Live hand, lower CoG, rotate hand around attacker‟s forearms with your thumb on the outside of attacker‟s forearm, push palm in and across to secure break away.
Orange Belt (8th Gup) Requirements School Knowledge ____ Parts of ICHF Logo ____ Parts of ITA Logo Stances ____ Horse Riding Stance Breakfalls/Tumbling ____ Forward Roll Hand Strikes ____ Hammer Fist (Vertical/Horizontal) ____ Back Fist (Lead/Cross) Kicks ____ Back Kick ____ Side Kick (Front, Back, Stepping, Spinning) Blocks ____ High Block (Hard) ____ Low Block (Hard) Breakaways ____ #3 – Live hand, knife hand strike to radial nerve, and thrust trapped hand backward. ____ #4 – Live hand, rotate your palm down, free hand hammer fist into the back of attacker‟s wrist, and thrust trapped hand backward. ____ #5 – Live hand, distraction, step across with the cross foot, hammer fist strike to the radial nerve, spin into the attacker and
perform a rear elbow strike with the previously trapped hand, hammer fist to face. Cane ____ Jab (tip & hook) ____ Block (high & low) ____ Cane Set #1 high block, front kick, tip jab to face turn 90 left, low block, hook jab turn 90 left, high block, front kick, tip jab to face turn 90 left, low block, hook jab turn 90 left, criss-cross and chamber Form ____ Kibon Ee Jong Concept ____ Explain the concept of “live hand”
Green Belt (7th Gup) Requirements Stances ____ Cat Stance Breakfalls/Tumbling ____ Side Breakfall ____ Backward roll Hand Strikes ____ Palm Heel ____ Knife Hand (out-to-in & in-to-out) Kicks ____ Roundhouse (front leg, back leg, stepping) ____ Scoop Blocks ____ X-Block (high / low) Self-Defense ____ Same Side Wrist Grab #1 – Live hand, distraction, rotate palm up with elbow close to the body, free hand reaches under attacker‟s hand and grasp the outside of the thumb, trapped hand comes out and grasps the pinky side of attacker‟s hand and torque to the outside, pressure to the ground, extend attacker‟s on ground and place knee on attacker‟s triceps. ____ Cross Wrist Grab #1 – Live hand, distraction, snake to the outside and re-grasp attacker‟s forearm, free hand applies pressure to the triceps tendon and take to the ground. Cane ____ Overhead Strike ____ Downward / Upward Strike ____ Fan Block
Cane ____ Technique (clearing & strike) ____ Block (roof & shield) ____ Cane Set #2 roof block, counter strike, side kick turn 90 left, clearing (1,2), shield block, strike turn 90 left, roof block, counter strike, side kick turn 90 left, clearing (1,2), shield block, strike turn 90 left, criss-cross and chamber
Form ____ Taegeuk El Jong (form #1)
Purple Belt (6th Gup) Requirements Stances ____ Folded arms defensive stance Breakfalls/Tumbling ____ Forward Breakfall Hand Strikes ____ Tiger Mouth ____ Spear Hand Kicks ____ Cresent (inside / outside) ____ Hook (front leg / back leg) Soft Blocks (Deflections) ____ Inside (same side / cross side) ____ Outside (same side / cross side) Self-Defense ____ Same Side Wrist Grab #4 – Live hand, distraction, rotate hand to the outside, cross hand grasps the back of attacker‟s palm, pressure down on the attacker‟s thumb with the trapped hand and then apply pressure to the triceps tendon, and pressure down into an arm bar. ____ Cross Wrist Grab #2 – Live hand, distraction, counter-grab on the inside of attacker‟s forearm, free hand grasps back of attacker‟s wrist, step in placing your same side shoulder under the attacker‟s elbow, break elbow over your shoulder, continue rotating under the arm and chicken wing to the ground. ____ Punch #1 – Step to the outside, inside-outside parry and trap the wrist, knife hand strike and pressure to the triceps tendon and take to ground.
Form ____ Taegeuk Ee Jong #2 Cane ____ Part one of Cane form Concept ____ Explain principle of redirecting / deflecting. ____ Explain principle of “armbar.”
Blue Belt (5th Gup) Requirements Breakfalls/Tumbling ____ Dive ____ Rolling Escape Hand Strikes ____ Hook Punch ____ Upper-Cut Punch Kicks ____ Axe ____ Slap ____ Kicking Combinations Self-Defense ____ Punch #2 – Step to the outside, inside-outside parry and trap the wrist, step behind, free hand comes around head and ridge hand strike to the far side of the neck and into a headlock, keep the trapped wrist and arm pulled across your chest. ____ Two hands grabbing One #1 – Live hand, distraction, trapped hand snakes to the outside with palm towards attacker‟s face, free hand grasps attacker‟s belt and pulls and the trapped hand thrusts towards attacker‟s face and take to ground. ____ Two Hands Grabbing Two Hand (front) #1- Live hands, one hand rotates in and palm up, the other turns palm down and out, smash attacker‟s knuckles together, pull hand out, rear elbow strike to face. ____ Shoulder Grab #1 - Distraction, cross hand traps attacker‟s hand your shoulder, free hand does a ki strike and grasps the wrist, rotate shoulder inward and perform a wrist lock.
Ground Defenses ____ Kicking and trapping legs from the ground Cane ____ Part two of Cane form Form ____ Taegeuk Sam Jong #3
Brown Belt (4th Gup) Requirements Hand Striking ____ Striking Combinations Elbow Strikes ____ Out to In (horizontal) ____ In to Out (horizontal) Kicks ____ Jump Front ____ Jump Side ____ Jump Roundhouse Self-Defense ____ Punch #4 – Step to the inside, both hands come up, same side hand blocks and traps wrist as the opposite side hand strikes the biceps tendon, letting the attacker‟s momentum take him to the ground. ____ Two Hands Grabbing One Hand #2 – Live hand, distraction, rotate palm up with elbow close to the body, free hand reaches under attacker‟s hand and grasp the outside of the thumb, trapped hand comes out and grasps the pinky side of attacker‟s hand and torque to the outside, pressure to the ground. ____ Two Hands Grabbing Two Hands(front) #2 – Live hands, distraction, rotate both hand out and up, palms in, smash hands together, one hand covers over and pressure both hands down, palm strike to face. ____ Shoulder Grab #2 - Distraction, same side hand traps attacker‟s wrist to your shoulder, free hand grasps the elbow and raise up slightly and step under and into an arm lock.
____ Chest (Lapel) Grab #1 – Same side hand traps attacker‟s hand to your chest as the opposite hand does a palm heel strike to the face and grasps the wrist, pulling attacker‟s hand into your chest, the same side foot steps back and you spin to the rear. Ground Defenses ____ Escape from the mount Cane ____ Part three of Cane Form Form ____ Taegeuk Oh Jang #4
Red Belt (3rd Gup) Requirements School Leadership ____ Lead Warm-ups Elbow Strikes ____ Backward ____ Upward ____ Downward Kicks ____ Spin back ____ Jump spin back Ground Fighting ____ Escape from the guard Self-Defense ____ Punch #5 – Step to the inside, same side hand blocks and traps the wrist, opposite arm comes through with a horizontal elbow strike. _____ 2 Hands grabbing 2 hands (back) #1 – Live hands, distraction, fake to one side stepping and slightly raising hand, step in the opposite direction raising that arm up and stepping under and turning your palm down, opposite hand grasps the outside of attacker‟s hand and into a center lock. _____ Shoulder Grab #3 – Cross hand traps attacker‟s hand to your shoulder as the free hand comes under the arm and back fist to the face and wraps around and torques the arm. _____ Chest Grab (1 hand) #3 – Distraction, both hands lock on the wrist, rotate inward, attempting to rotate attacker‟s forearm
inward while the other hand attempts to cause lateral flexion of the wrist. _____ Chest Grab (2 hands) #1 – One hand snakes over and under attacker‟s forearms and pry up, free hand applies pressure to the elbow, while rotating should inward. Cane ____ Entire Cane Form Form ____ Taegeuk Yuk Jang #5 Concept ____ inside brush / trap / strike
Red with a Black Stripe Belt (2nd Gup) Requirements School Leadership ____ Lead Hand Striking Drills Kicks ____ Spin Hook Ground Defenses ____ Reversal of the mount ____ Reversal of the guard Self-Defense ____ Chest Grab (2 hands) #3 – Grab attacker‟s belt with one hand, as opposite hand spear hands to throat, push and pull to the ground. ____ Back Collar Grab #2 – Cross hand reaches back and traps the hand, bobbing under attacker‟s arm and coming up on the other side, pressure in with your cheek as the free hand applies pressure to the triceps. ____ Head Lock #1 – grasp inside of knee and pull out, push other arm between and elbow strike to groin, trip backward and continue with elbow strike to groin, body or head and escape. ____ Bear Hug (front arms out) Palm strike to the face, double thumb thrust into the eyes ____ Bear Hug (back, arms out) #1 - elbow strike to head, palm strike to top hand with opposite hand, grasp with both hands, step under and finish with a center lock. ____ Belt Grab (Palm up) #3 - palm strike to face and the cross hand grasps the attacker‟s wrist, ridge hand strike to the
underside of the elbow, with this same hand reach cross and grasp the attack‟s far side lapel, rotate and take to the ground. ____ Hostile Hand Shake #4 – step to the outside and behind, apply pressure point on the elbow, step under arm and apply a chicken wing, take to ground Cane ____ Part one of „Old Man with a Cane‟ Form Form ____ Taegeuk #6 Combinations ____ Hand and elbow strikes ____ Hard & Soft blocks and hand strikes
Black with a White Stripe Belt (1st Gup) Requirements School Leadership ____ Lead Kicking Drills Kicks ____ Knee strikes Ground Defenses ____ Escape from a headlock ____ Escape from a cross mount Self-Defense ____ Hair Grab #1 – trap with both hands, distracter kick, one hand release and strikes the elbow and pressure to the ground. ____ Belt Grab (Palm Down) #1 – Distraction with same side hand, opposite comes under attacker‟s hand and traps it into the body, step to the outside, knife hand to the triceps and roll it over, taking to the ground. ____ Bear Hug (front, arms in) #1-Lower CoG and grasp attacker‟s sides and squeeze HARD, step one leg across and sweep the inside leg. ____ Bear Hug (back, arms in) 4 -(grasping middle) Rear head butt, step into a horse stance, squat down and grasp attacker‟s ankle and pull, back kick to groin ____ Headlock #2 – with outside hand apply pressure to the outside and rear of knee, other hand grasps attacker‟s hair/collar, push and pull to ground and finish. ____ Hostile Hand Shake #3 – grasp attacker‟s hand with your opposite hand, rotate hand palm up, stepping in slightly, raise your inside elbow up forcefully striking on the elbow.
____ Full Nelson #1 – As attacker‟s hands come under your arms lower CoG, two hand grasp on attacker‟s hand and modified hip toss to ground. ____ Kick #1 – (snap kick) step to the inside and catch leg on the elbow, grasp on same side shoulder and sweep the other leg, take to ground, knee drop onto the groin, ankle lock ____ 1 Hand Middle Sleeve Grab (front) #1 – Insert thumb inside of attacker‟s hand as same side hand/forearm rotates over attacker‟s forearm and pressure downward. ____ 2 Hand Middle Sleeve Grab (front) #1 – Distraction, rotate both hands inward into and double forearm lock, lower CoG and step back, taking to ground. Form ____ Taegeuk #7 Cane ____ Part two of „Old Man with a Cane‟ form Concept ____ Leg Sweeps Combinations ____ Integrate kicks, knees, hands, and elbows
Taekwondo Black Belt (1st Dan) Requirements School Leadership ____ Demonstrate teaching skills Ground Defenses ____ Apply arm bar ____ Apply ankle lock ____ Escape from rear mount choke Self-Defense ____ Hostile Hand Shake #2 – Pronate your hand and extend attacker‟s arm, upward palm strike to the elbow and thrust attacker backwards. ____ Front Choke (1 hand) cross hand does a inside knife hand strike to attacker‟s wrist, rotate back with a same side elbow strike to the face. ____ Front Choke (2 hands) Distraction, right hand reaches under and over, trapping the opposite wrist, same side shoulder rotates in as same side hand attacks the triceps tendon ____ Rear Neck Grab 1-Step to the outside, hammer fist to the groin, hand sweeps/clears across and locks onto opposite arm as you step across, finish with a strike. ____ Rear Neck Grab 2-Step to the outside, hammer fist to the groin and re-chamber, inside foot steps behind attacker‟s near foot, elbow strike to the body, taking to the ground. ____ Rear Naked Choke tuck chin to chest, elbow strike to the mid-section, same side hand grasps elbow, cross hand grasps wrist, lower CoG and step back and twist out.
____ Kick #2 – (snap kick or side kick) step to the outside and catch the leg on the elbow, grasp shoulder and sweep the supporting leg, taking attacker to the ground. ____ Kick #3 – (snap kick) step to the inside, sidekick to the supporting knee. Cane ____ Basic Breaks #1-10 Form ____ Kibon El Jang, KIbon Ee Jang,Tae Guek #1-8 Concept ____ Explain concept of three most accessible and effective pressure points ____ Explain concept of “Judo type” throws
And all previous belts material.
Command Terms Salutations Names and Titles Schools and Styles Hand Parts Stances Kicking Techniques Types Of Techniques Basic Terms Weapons Numbers And Counting
If you left click on the words to the left of the symbol, you will hear the Korean pronunciation.
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Chul Sa Line Up Cha Rutt Attention Kyung Yet Bow An Jo Sit Down Mook Yum Meditate E La Sutt Stand Up Choon Bee Ready Position Say Jak Begin Par Row
Return to Ready Position Shee Yoe Rest Go Mon Stop Ee Dee Wha Come Here Balee Balee Hurry Ko Yo Han Quiet Doe Rha Turn Dee Row Doe Rha Turn 180 Degrees Pon Tay Reverse
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Nha Yes Ahn Nee Yoe No Con Sa Hom Nee Dha Thank You For Teaching Us Mee On Hom Nee Dha I am Sorry Co Mop Sim Nee Dha Thank You Chun Mun A Yoe You Are Welcome Ya Boe Say Yo Hello " Ahn Young Ha Sim Nee Kah" or " Ahn Young Ha Say Yo" Good morning, good afternoon, good evening, how are you? How do you do? (You may use these two salutations at anytime of the day or as a reply to the same greeting). Ahn Young Hee Kay Say Yo Stay in peace Ahn Young Hee Kah Say Yo
Go in peace
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Names and Titles
Dan Degree (Black Belt) Yu Dan Cha Holder Of Degree (Black Belt) Rank Gup Grade (Rank Below Black Belt) Yu Gup Cha Holder Of Gup Rank Jeja Student Nim Term of respect "honorable" Sa Bum Nim Instructor Kwan Jung Nim Director of a Martial Arts School, Style or Organization. Kuk Sa Nim Grand Master (National Martial Arts Teacher)
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Schools and Styles
Dojang School ("Training Hall", also "School where the Way is taught") Kwan School (Gymnasium) Moo Do (also "Mu Do") Martial Arts ("Way of the Martial Arts") Moo Sul (also "Mu Sool") Martial Technique Chang-Hun Blue Cottage Tae Kwon Do Foot, Fist, Way Of Tae Soo Do Foot, Hand, Way Of Tang Soo Do
China, Hand, Way Of Hap Ki Do Harmony, Inner Power, Way Of Kong Soo Do Empty Hand, Way Of (Karate) Shim Soo Do Mind, Hand, Way Of Koong Shi Do Bow, Arrow, Way Of Koong Do Archery (Bow, Way Of) Koong Sul Archery Techniques Sado Mu Do Tribal (Village) Martial Arts Buldo Mu Do Buddhist Martial Arts Koong Jong Mu Do Royal Palace Martial Arts Kwon Bup Fist Method Yu Sool Throwing Techniques Soo Bak Gi Hand Striking Techniques Soo Bak Do Hand Striking, Way Of Oh Do Kwan My Way, School Of Moo Duk Kwan Martial Virtue, School Of Chung Do Kwan Blue Wave, School Of Shim Duk Kwan Virtuous Mind, School Of
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Son (also, "Soo") Hand Son Kal Knife Hand
Son Kal Dung Reverse Knife Hand Kwon Fist (To Smash Or Destroy With Fist) Ju Mok Fist Ap Ju Mok Forefist Dung Ju Mok Back Fist Yup Ju Mok Side Fist (Hammer Fist) Ter Ri Kee Strike Chirigee Punch Pon Tay Chirigee Reverse Punch Makee Block Pal Moke Makee Outer Forearm Block An Pal Moke Makee Inner Forearm Block Huke Yo Pal Moke Makee Rising Outer Forearm Block
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So Gee Stance Moa So Gee Close Stance Naranee So Gee Parallel Stance Naranee Choon Bee So Gee Parallel Ready Stance Gunnun So Gee Walking Stance Ap So Gee Front Stance Niunja So Gee
L-Stance Foo Gul So Gee Back Stance Dwit Bal So Gee Rear Foot Stance Kee Ma So Gee Sitting Stance Sanun So Gee Diagonal Stance Nachuo So Gee Low Stance Kyocha So Gee X-Stance Ko Chung So Gee Fixed Stance Soo Jik So Gee Vertical Stance Waebal So Gee One-Leg Stance Guburyo So Gee Bending Stance
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Cha Gee Kick Ap Cha Gee Front Kick Yup Cha Gee Side Kick Tollyo Cha Gee Turning Kick Pon Tay Tollyo Cha Gee Reverse Turning Kick Bandal Cha Gee Crescent Kick Dwee Cha Gee Back Kick Naeryo Cha Gee Downward Kick Golcho Cha Gee Hooking Kick
Bitro Cha Gee Twisting Kick
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Types Of Techniques
Sul (also "Sool") Technique Kwan Jyel Sul Joint Manipulation Technique Hyel Do Sul Vital Point Techniques Ki Bon Sul Basic Techniques Too Sul Throwing Techniques Nak Sul Falling Techniques Chil Sik Sul Choking Techniques Shim Gong Sul Mind Training Techniques Ho Shin Sul Self-Defense Techniques Sin-Chong (also "Sin-Ch'ong) Application Sul Sin-Chong Technique Application Dare Ee On Sparring Ilbo Dare Ee On One-Step Sparring Eebo Dare Ee On Two-Step Sparring Sambo Dare Ee On Three-Step Sparring Cha U Dare Ee On Free Sparring Pang Wi (also Pang Wee) Defense Against Tong Hyel Pressure Point Which Induces Pain Ma Hyel
Pressure Point Which Induces Paralysis Sa Hyel Lethal Pressure Points
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Doe Boke Uniform Dhee Belt Kuk Ki National Flag Won Ki Association Flag Ha Don Low Section Choong Don Middle Section Son Don High Section Hyung Pattern (Form) Poomse (also "Poom Say") Pattern (Form) Tul Pattern (Form) Sahn Twin Hwa Blossom; Flower Rang Youth; Young Gentleman Yok Sa History Young U Korean Terminology Chul Hak Philosophy Yu Flowing Water (Theory) Won Circle (Theory)
Wha Harmony, Togetherness (Theory)
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Mu Ki (also "Mu Kee") Weapons Ji Pang E (also "Jee Pang E") Cane Tahn Bong Short Stick Jung Bong Middle Staff Jang Bong Long Staff Kal Knife Tan Do Dagger Gum (Kum) Sword Ee Chul Bong Two-Section Stick (Nunchaku) Tahn Do Li Ga Short Flail (Nunchaku) Nat Sickle Cha-Ru Handle (Tonfa) Chang Spear Boo Chai Fan Pho Bak Rope
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Numbers And Counting
1 Hana 1st Il
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Dool Set Net Dasut Yasut Eel gop Yuh dul Ah hap Yul
2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
Ee Sam Sa Oh Yook Chil Pal Koo Ship