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EMC Legato NetWorker Foundations

© 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.

Welcome to EMC Legato NetWorker Foundations training. The AUDIO portion of this course is supplemental to the material and is not a replacement for the student notes accompanying this course. EMC recommends downloading the Student Resource Guide from the Supporting Materials tab, and reading the notes in their entirety.
Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. These materials may not be copied without EMC's written consent. Use, copying, and distribution of any EMC software described in this publication requires an applicable software license. THE INFORMATION IN THIS PUBLICATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS”. EMC CORPORATION MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PUBLICATION, AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Celerra, CLARalert, CLARiiON, Connectrix, Dantz, Documentum, EMC, EMC2, HighRoad, Legato, Navisphere, PowerPath, ResourcePak, SnapView/IP, SRDF, Symmetrix, TimeFinder, VisualSAN, “where information lives” are registered trademarks. Access Logix, AutoAdvice, Automated Resource Manager, AutoSwap, AVALONidm, C-Clip, Celerra Replicator, Centera, CentraStar, CLARevent, CopyCross, CopyPoint, DatabaseXtender, Direct Matrix, Direct Matrix Architecture, EDM, ELab, EMC Automated Networked Storage, EMC ControlCenter, EMC Developers Program, EMC OnCourse, EMC Proven, EMC Snap, Enginuity, FarPoint, FLARE, GeoSpan, InfoMover, MirrorView, NetWin, OnAlert, OpenScale, Powerlink, PowerVolume, RepliCare, SafeLine, SAN Architect, SAN Copy, SAN Manager, SDMS, SnapSure, SnapView, StorageScope, SupportMate, SymmAPI, SymmEnabler, Symmetrix DMX, Universal Data Tone, VisualSRM are trademarks of EMC Corporation. All other trademarks used herein are the property of their respective owners.

Legato NetWorker Foundations 1

Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy - All Rights Reserved.

EMC Legato NetWorker
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to: Understand the EMC Legato NetWorker solution Explain NetWorker advantages Explain NetWorker hosts and their roles Explain NetWorker control data and its use Explain NetWorker resources and their purpose Explain the NetWorker data-tracking process List NetWorker-supported device types and devices Understand the NetWorker backup process, types, and levels Understand the NetWorker recovery process and types
© 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations - 2

The objectives of this course are listed here. Please take a moment to review them.

Legato NetWorker Foundations 2

Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy - All Rights Reserved.

EMC Legato NetWorker

OVERVIEW

© 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.

Legato NetWorker Foundations - 3

Let’s begin with a brief overview of NetWorker.

Legato NetWorker Foundations 3

Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy - All Rights Reserved.

The NetWorker Solution
App App SQL SQL
IT Solution

Oracle App Legato NetWorker

App App TCP/IP O.S. TCP/IP O.S. Hardware Hardware

© 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.

Legato NetWorker Foundations - 4

There are many pieces in an overall solution for your business computing needs. EMC Legato NetWorker works within the existing framework of hardware, operating system software, and network communication protocols to provide protection for the critical application data that the framework supports.

Legato NetWorker Foundations 4

Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy - All Rights Reserved.

NetWorker Hosts
The NetWorker Server supports the backup and stores tracking and configuration information Storage Node Client The NetWorker Storage Node reads and writes data to the device

Server Storage Node Client

Client

The NetWorker Client generates the backup data

NetWorker Data Zone
© 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations - 5

The three types of NetWorker hosts are: NetWorker Clients NetWorker Storage Nodes NetWorker Server The NetWorker Server supports the backup and stores tracking and configuration information. The NetWorker Storage Node reads and writes data to the device. And the NetWorker Client generates the backup data. Together, a single NetWorker Server, with its Storage Nodes and Clients, forms a NetWorker data zone within which data is protected.

Legato NetWorker Foundations 5

push them to the storage node. NetWorker Client Server Storage Node Client Storage Node Client Generates backups Generates tracking information Performs recoveries Provides user and administrative interfaces © 2005 EMC Corporation. and retrieve them during a recovery. In addition. All rights reserved. Every host in a NetWorker data zone is a NetWorker Client.6 The NetWorker Client is the largest NetWorker software component and the fundamental host. While performing a backup. the client provides the user backup. including hosts that also play the roles of server and storage node. The types of data that can be backed up as save sets are filesystem data or applications. the client also generates tracking information.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. The client’s most important functions are to generate backups called save sets. and administrative interfaces that allow you to configure and monitor NetWorker for your specific environment. recover. Do not Copy . Legato NetWorker Foundations 6 .All Rights Reserved. and sends it to the server to facilitate pointin-time recoveries. Save Set Client Legato NetWorker Foundations . NetWorker Client software is installed on all participating hosts in the data zone. NetWorker Clients are usually the data servers in an IT solution. including the file and directory names in the backup and the time of the backup.

the client reads from the storage node. The NetWorker Server is always a storage node in any data zone and is the default storage node for backups. Storage nodes also send tracking information about the volume and any data written to it to the NetWorker Server to store it as online tracking information about the volume and its contents. Legato NetWorker Foundations .7 NetWorker Storage Nodes are data zone hosts with directly-attached or SAN-accessible devices that provide the NetWorker interface for the devices and volumes.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. NetWorker Storage Node Server Storage Node Client Storage Node Client Organizes the data Writes data to the device Generates tracking information Reads data from the device Client © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. The storage node provides the device that contains the necessary volume. although they distribute the backup workload and reduce network traffic. The storage node organizes the client’s data.All Rights Reserved. Using remote storage nodes is optional. Do not Copy . Storage node hosts in the data zone have both the NetWorker Client and storage node software installed. and the host through which the devices are accessed is a remote storage node. Legato NetWorker Foundations 7 . Then the storage node writes the client’s data to one of its devices. they are considered remote devices. NetWorker Clients send backup data to a particular storage node based on that client’s configuration. If devices are not accessed through the NetWorker Server. In a backup. In a recovery.

The NetWorker Server. and so on. Storage Node. as a client of itself. and it must be available for any NetWorker activity to be supported in that data zone. Legato NetWorker Foundations 8 . automatically backs up the configuration and tracking databases to protect NetWorker data. and Server software installed. All rights reserved. NetWorker Server Server Storage Node Client Resource Directory CFI CFI CFI Media Database Storage Node Client Supports client backups/recoveries Stores tracking and configuration information Backs up tracking and configuration information © 2005 EMC Corporation. Client Legato NetWorker Foundations . There is a single NetWorker Server per data zone.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved. when to run the backups. such as supported clients. The NetWorker Server also stores the online NetWorker databases that track the backups and volumes. Do not Copy .8 The NetWorker Server is the data zone host that stores the configuration information. devices. The NetWorker Server has NetWorker Client.

you can administer a Microsoft® Windows® NetWorker Server from a UNIX machine. W2K.) Client UNIX NAS/NDMP Host NetWorker Server UNIX W2K3 UNIX SAN NetWorker Data Zone © 2005 EMC Corporation. NetWorker is also highly configurable. Legato NetWorker Foundations 9 . and a full range of data protection functions You can easily administer NetWorker software on any NetWorker host on any supported platform within the network. etc.9 EMC Legato NetWorker is an award-winning. NetWorker provides network-based backup protection that functions in WAN and SAN environments on open system protocols. Do not Copy .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. or CLI. NDMP) Cross-platform (UNIX. distributed storage management solution that offers ease of administration. including TCP/IP and Network Data Management Protocol. network-based backup protection. a Microsoft NetWorker Client can backup to a UNIX NetWorker Storage Node. highly configurable. The supported platforms seamlessly co-exist. It is supported on several platforms. cross platform. within the data zone. Client Remote Storage Node Legato NetWorker Foundations . For example. which distributes the workload and improves performance. efficient backups. or NDMP. which allows you to tailor backups to meet specific needs. NetWorker provides both X/Motif and Microsoft® GUIs and a rich command line interface.All Rights Reserved. NetWorker Advantages Ease of administration GUI (X/Motif and Microsoft Windows) Command Line Interface (CLI) Highly Configurable Network-based backup protection WAN and SAN Open-system Protocols (TCP/IP. extremely efficient. NetWorker uses the client/server model. All rights reserved. For example.

Legato NetWorker Foundations 10 . and local devices only.10 EMC Legato NetWorker allows you to perform more efficient backups than most native operating system backup software programs. Do not Copy . Legato NetWorker Foundations .All Rights Reserved. Efficient Backups NetWorker supports: Multiple concurrent backups Data created on different operating systems Backups to multiple devices Save Set 1 Save Set 2 W2K3 UNIX Save Set 3 Save Set 4 Save Set 5 Save Set 6 NetWare © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. one operating system. Many native solutions limit you to one backup at a time. NetWorker is not bound by these restrictions and is capable of backing up multiple save sets from different platforms to any NetWorker-configured device.

Legato NetWorker Foundations .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.11 Multiplexing enables the device to simultaneously write more than one save set to a storage volume.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 11 . All rights reserved. Do not Copy . up to the maximum data rate of the device. NetWorker Uses Multiplexing Collective Data Rate 1 MB/sMB/s MB/sSet 1 MB/sMB/s 1 1 Save 1 1 MB/sMB/s MB/s Set 1 MB/sMB/s MB/s 1 1 11 Save 1 MB/sMB/s MB/sMB/s 1 MB/sMB/sSave Set 1 1 1 1 MB/sMB/s 1 1 3 MB/s 1 2 Device Volume 3 Multiple Data Streams © 2005 EMC Corporation. This allows the device to write to the volume at the collective data rate of the savestreams.

only one stream of data is written to the device or volume at a time.12 In an environment without multiplexing.All Rights Reserved. Without Multiplexing 1 MB/s 1 MB/s Save Set 1 Save Set 2 Save Set 3 Device Volume Single Data Stream © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Do not Copy .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. the tape drive’s throughput is not optimized. All rights reserved. This situation is not ideal because as more clients perform simultaneous backups. Legato NetWorker Foundations 12 .

) data to reside on the same tape.13 Open Tape Format. The storage node receives the information and arranges it on a pallet. or OTF. Do not Copy . NetWare. heterogeneous (UNIX. As shown in the diagram: Clients wrap their backup data into platform-independent data format. like boxes. All rights reserved. etc. The way the storage node organizes the pallets is also platform independent because of Open Tape Format which allows any other NetWorker Storage Node to read the data. or tape volume. These pallets are then stored in the warehouse. which are called save set chunks. This feature supports NetWorker migration to other platforms.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Windows. or media records and files. is the structure that allows multiplexed. before sending it to the storage node. Open Tape Format The NetWorker client packs the data into boxes (save set chunks) UNIX SS1 NT SS2 SS OTF 1 SS2 The pallets are stored in the warehouse (tape volume) The Storage Node organizes the boxes on a pallet (media records) © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Legato NetWorker Foundations 13 .

Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. NetWorker in a SAN Symmetrix FC Switch Fibre Channel W2K3 UNIX NetWare NetWorker Server Storage Node Client Client Client © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 14 .14 EMC Legato NetWorker can be used in a SAN to back up data to disk or library devices on the SAN. The configuration shown in the diagram is called LAN-free backup because no backup data travels over the LAN. Do not Copy . Legato NetWorker Foundations .

NDMP is able to communicate with several different interface types for data transfer during backup and recovery. Tracking information is also passed to and from backup software using the same protocol.2 and later. Any communication to and from the NetWorker Server to any NDMP device including servers. NetWorker and NDMP NetWorker Server NDMP Command bongo Tracking Data Backup Data NAS Device © 2005 EMC Corporation. Network Data Management Protocol. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Legato NetWorker Foundations 15 .All Rights Reserved. cloning. NDMP works with NetWorker for backups.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. With NetWorker 7. the NDMP-enabled NAS device sends data to the NDMP-enabled tape device where NetWorker keeps track of the backed up files. NDMP hosts have the option to send their data to a storage node. disk.15 NDMP. Do not Copy . regardless of the operating system or platform. is a TCP/IP-based protocol that specifies how network components talk to each other for the purpose of moving data contained on each component across the network for backup and recovery. and updates or queries to resource files. By using NDMP with NetWorker. The NDMP-controlled tape device attaches directly to the NAS device or another location on the network. regardless of software type. recoveries. NDMP enables disparate vendors to use a common protocol for the backup architecture. and storage is done via NDMP. All rights reserved. Data is copied from disk to tape using NDMP.

Do not Copy . add-on modules. Legato NetWorker Foundations 16 . and architectural and performance improvements that are available with each edition. NetWorker Software Editions NetWorker Edition Max Clients Max Jukeboxes /Slots Remote Storage Node Add-on Modules Max Parallel -ism Max Devices Immediate Save Recover Workgroup /Business 8 1/32 1-26 No Limited 12 4 No Network 10 unlimited Unlimited/ unlimited Yes Yes 32-512 16-512 Yes Power 10 unlimited Unlimited/ unlimited Yes Yes 64-512 32-512 Yes © 2005 EMC Corporation.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.16 Four NetWorker software editions are offered to meet your data protection needs as shown in the table: Workgroup Edition Business Edition Network Edition Power Edition The table shows the different combinations of client connections.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations .

Do not Copy . Legato NetWorker Foundations 17 . Client Connections licenses are required for any computer that is configured on the NetWorker Server and has contact with the server to attempt a backup. several add-on modules that provide additional features and benefits are available. NetWorker Add-on Modules Add-on Module Client Connections Description License Required? A connected client is a computer Yes that is configured on the NetWorker Server and has contact with the server to attempt a backup Required for any NetWorker client Yes that has a different operating system from the NetWorker Server Allow the NetWorker Server to use Yes remote devices Yes ClientPaks Storage Node NetWorker Modules Allows online application and database backups © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Add-on modules work in conjunction with your base edition of EMC Legato NetWorker. Some add-on modules require a license and additional software. Storage Node licenses allow the NetWorker Server to use remote devices.All Rights Reserved.17 As shown in the table. Legato NetWorker Foundations . ClientPak licenses are required for any NetWorker client that has a different operating system from the NetWorker Server. NetWorker Module licenses allow online applications and databases to be backed up.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.

EMC Legato NetWorker ARCHITECTURE © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. we will review the NetWorker architecture. Do not Copy . Legato NetWorker Foundations .18 Next.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 18 .

NetWorker allows you to specify how long to keep the tracking information viewable and how long to protect each volume from recycling. Legato NetWorker Foundations 19 . the physical medium where the data is stored. Cloning is the optional process of making a copy of the backup save set or volume.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. the client that generated the backup. to another. NetWorker makes this process possible from anywhere within the NetWorker data zone. Tracking is the process of storing and accessing information about the backup. NetWorker provides a scalable solution to manage backups for a small network or an entire enterprise. A backup is a copy of data you want to protect by storing it in another location. Legato NetWorker Foundations . and the backup type. the backup creation date and time.All Rights Reserved. Data Protection Functions Backup Recovery Tracking Aging Cloning (optional) Staging (optional) © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy . Following is a description of each function. Recovery is the process of restoring data to a given point in time. All rights reserved. Staging is the optional process of moving the backup data from one storage volume. Aging determines the length of time that the backup data is available for recovery. This feature enables users to retrieve single files or restore an entire filesystem. NetWorker saves and tracks information such as the location and volumes of the backup. and enables you to automate and configure this process for speed and efficiency.19 EMC Legato NetWorker performs the data protection functions listed in the diagram. These data protection functions are presented in more detail throughout the course.

20 NetWorker control data collectively represents the NetWorker configuration information and the backup tracking information stored on the NetWorker Server. The NetWorker Server creates and maintains one client file index per client. or CFIs.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. NetWorker Control Data <nsr>/index/ Server Storage Node Client Resource Directory CFI CFI CFI Media Database <nsr>/mm/ <nsr>/res/ © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations . All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 20 . Client File Indexes. Do not Copy . allowing clients to browse their backups for files from a particular point in time. The Media Database is the NetWorker database used to track the backups and the volumes that store the backups. are the NetWorker databases that track each file or pathname in a client’s backup.All Rights Reserved. The resource directory is also called the resource database. The Resource Directory is the directory that contains the configuration resource files.

NetWorker supports a resource type for each configurable component and there can be multiple configurations for each type.1 Inventory Inventory Slot0: AFR123 Slot0: AFR123 … … Policy: Policy: Legal Acct Policy: Eng 7years 3 years 6 months NetWorker Server © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved. Nearly all of the resources are stored on and managed by the NetWorker Server. A few resources are managed on NetWorker Clients. Legato NetWorker Foundations 21 . backup start times and so on. devices.21 NetWorker manages its configuration via resources which are stored as configurable objects to the NetWorker administrator. Examples of resources include clients. tape libraries.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. NetWorker Resources Client:bongo Save: /oracle Group:XXX Client:HostB … Save: C:\ Client:HostA E:\ Save: /usr Group:xgrp /opt … Group:Default … Group:xgrp Start: 11pm Group:XXX … Start: 4am … Group:Default Start: 3:33am … Device:rmt3 Type: DLT Device: rmt0 Disabled Type: LTO Device: rmt1 … enabled Type: LTO enabled … Jukebox: ajuke Jukebox: ajuke devices: rmt0. Resources are managed as configurable objects to the administrator. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations .1 devices: rmt0. in the resource database. NetWorker uses resources to manage its configuration. Do not Copy .

The information answers the question “what files were backed up and when?” for each client. This information is used to support browsable recoveries which allow clients to more easily recover to a point in time. NetWorker Tracking Databases NetWorker Server /nsr /index /hostname /db6 /hostname /db6 Media Database /mm /mmvolume6 CFI CFI /nsr/index/hostname/db6 /nsr/mm/mmvolume6 © 2005 EMC Corporation.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations 22 . The information answers the question. The amount of time the records are kept is configurable through the browse policy. The CFI stores the records for each backed up file for each NetWorker Client. All rights reserved. The Media Database tracks the NetWorker labeled volumes and the save sets on the volumes.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations . the CFI records are deleted automatically to save space. “on which volumes are the save sets located?” All volumes and save sets are listed in the Media Database and the records are critical to support recoveries. As the save sets age. Do not Copy . There is one CFI per client host.22 The NetWorker Server maintains tracking information for save sets and volumes in a client file index for each client and in the media database.

The retention policy determine how long data. All rights reserved. Do not Copy .001 © 2005 EMC Corporation. and the browse and retention policies are enforced. or save sets and volumes.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. is protected from automatic recycling.All Rights Reserved. The browse policy determines how long file entries remain in the CFI.23 Save sets and volume records in the media database are checked for aging based on its browse and retention policies. Legato NetWorker Foundations 23 . Legato NetWorker Foundations . The media database is checked. Save Set and Volume Aging CFI DATA NetWorker Server Media Database recoverable browsable recyclable Tape is recycled (relabeled) appendable Recyclable bongo. Status changes are made to the CFI when a save set changes from browsable to recoverable to recyclable to appendable.

24 NetWorker provides administrative interfaces. Each interface can run from the NetWorker Client to administer and monitor the NetWorker Server. All rights reserved. These interfaces are discussed in more detail later in this course.All Rights Reserved. NetWorker Administrative Interfaces UNIX Administer NetWorker Server Microsoft Windows nwadmin (NetWorker NetWorker Administrator Administrator) nsradmin (characterbased) nsradmin (characterbased) Backup Recover NetWorker User NetWorker User nwbackup nwrecover All NetWorker tasks can also be performed from the command line © 2005 EMC Corporation. The interfaces for administering the NetWorker Server are nwadmin on UNIX and NetWorker Administrator on Windows. Do not Copy . configure.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations 24 . nsradmin is a character-based interface and command line interface for configuring NetWorker. Each interface is provided with the NetWorker Client software. and monitor the NetWorker Server. Legato NetWorker Foundations . including GUI and command line interfaces to manage.

the NetWorker Administrator program.25 On UNIX. you can manage. The three components in the main nwadmin window are Menus. configure. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Legato NetWorker Foundations 25 .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. or nwadmin. and Monitoring panels. a Speedbar. and monitor the NetWorker Server. nwadmin Administrative GUI Interface: UNIX Configure/ Administer Menus Configuration Speedbar Monitoring © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved. From this interface. Do not Copy . is a graphical user interface for XWindows environments. All rights reserved.

the NetWorker Administrator GUI on Windows provides administrative and monitoring interfaces. Legato NetWorker Foundations 26 .26 As with nwadmin on UNIX. Do not Copy .All Rights Reserved. nwadmin and NetWorker Administrator provide the same functionality although they have somewhat different appearances and workflows. Legato NetWorker Foundations .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. NetWorker Administrator GUI: Windows Menu Bar Toolbar Network Server Monitoring © 2005 EMC Corporation.

NetWorker Pools Match save sets to volumes Logically group data onto specific media Make it easier to locate data by grouping savestreams onto specific media save set 1 save set 3 Pool 1 save set 11 save set 7 bongo. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Legato NetWorker Foundations 27 .001 Volumes Pool © 2005 EMC Corporation.27 A pool is a NetWorker resource that represents a collection of NetWorker-labeled volumes. Pools enable the NetWorker Server to match save sets to volumes based on the save set attributes. Do not Copy .All Rights Reserved. and 7 are matched to Pool 1 based on their save set attributes. Each volume is associated with a pool when the volume is labeled. In the diagram.001.003. bongo.002. 11.003 bongo.002 bongo. save sets 1.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. and bongo. 3. The volumes in Pool 1 are labeled bongo.

Legato NetWorker Foundations 28 . optical. Several systems in the network can share autochangers if the autochanger has more than one drive. NetWorker does not have to load the media as part of the backup procedure. An autochanger. Once configured. refer to the Legato Hardware Compatibility Guide at www.28 There are two types of NetWorker devices. Legato NetWorker Foundations . medium changer. NetWorker uses the directory as a backup volume to read or write save set data. All rights reserved. Media are manually loaded or preloaded before a backup runs. NetWorker Devices and Supported Device Types Tape Optical File Standalone Device Autochanger © 2005 EMC Corporation. is a multiplevolume device that uses a robotic arm. silo. and LTO. Storing data to a file device often reduces the time it takes to both save and recover data. AIT. TLU.com. or file. three types of devices can be used to back up data – tape. or jukebox. Magneto-optical device are also supported. DLT. sometimes called a library. A file-type device is an existing filesystem directory configured in NetWorker as a device as type file or advanced file.legato.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Tape devices have several associated media types such as 8mm. In the NetWorker environment.All Rights Reserved. A stand-alone device is any type of device that does not have a robotic arm for loading tapes. Do not Copy . For a current list of NetWorker devices.

Do not Copy .29 The NetWorker Server manages the flow of save sets sent to a device.All Rights Reserved. The storage node writes data to the remote device.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. 1. To accomplish this. © 2005 EMC Corporation. The NetWorker Server stores tracking information. Legato NetWorker Foundations 29 . All rights reserved. 3. Legato NetWorker Foundations . This feature allows you to distribute the backup workload within the data zone. the server needs to know whether the device is attached to the NetWorker Server or to a Remote Storage Node. A local device is one that is physically attached to the NetWorker Server. 2. Local and Remote Devices 3 The NetWorker Server stores tracking information CFI Media DB 2 The Storage Node writes the data to the remote device 1 The client generates the backup. A remote device is any device that is attached to a NetWorker Storage Node. Another advantage of NetWorker that promotes efficient backups is the ability to support remote devices. The NetWorker Client generates the backup.

but a Storage Node can have only one NetWorker Server in a data zone Storage Node © 2005 EMC Corporation. Backup data from hosts other than the NetWorker Server must be sent to the storage node using the TCP/IP network.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 30 . a specific drive is dedicated to a single NetWorker host. Autochangers cannot be shared across data zones. Shared Autochanger NetWorker Server Storage Node Cable to Robotic Arm Cable to Drive #1 Cable to Drive #2 Cable to Drive #3 Cable to Drive #4 A NetWorker Server can have many Storage Nodes. while other hosts. Autochanger sharing allows one host to control the robotic arm. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Do not Copy . can each control and use the drives within the autochanger. In a shared Autochanger definition. and the host controlling the robotic arm.30 A shared autochanger is one in which multiple NetWorker Storage Nodes have access to individual drives and the robot in an autochanger.All Rights Reserved. A non-shared autochanger is attached to a single host.

enables the configuration. Legato NetWorker Foundations 31 . NetWorker Dynamic Drive Sharing (DDS) SAN NetWorker Server Storage Node Storage Node Soprano Use NetWorker Dynamic Drive Sharing to configure and manage tape drives accessible to two or more hosts © 2005 EMC Corporation. The devices can be stand-alone or in an autochanger. management and access control for devices accessible to two or more storage nodes in the same data zone. All rights reserved. Do not Copy . Once configured. Legato NetWorker Foundations .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. or DDS. Dynamic Drive Sharing is useful in reducing hardware needs and costs by allowing multiple storage nodes to use the same device.31 Dynamic Drive Sharing.All Rights Reserved. the administration for shared drives is the same as non-shared drives.

Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations 32 . Advanced file-type devices support multiple backups and one read operation simultaneously. Advanced file-type devices respond differently than file type devices to the disk full condition. When there is no more room on the device. advanced file type devices are well-suited for use with NetWorker’s staging feature. Advanced file-type devices are designed so a save never spans onto another volume. Do not Copy .32 NetWorker’s Disk Backup Option provides benefits over file-type devices. or stage data from the device while backups are in progress. Because of these benefits. Filetype devices behave much like tape devices.All Rights Reserved. This may be another disk volume or a tape volume. This allows you to recover. All rights reserved. An advanced file type device can reside on an NFS or CIFS filesystem. NetWorker marks the volume full and spans the backup onto another volume. When the disk becomes full NetWorker suspends any saves destined for that device until more space is made available on that device. Disk Backup Option NetWorker provides an advanced file-type device Media type is adv_file Provides benefits over file-type devices Simultaneous backup and recover Supports Network Storage on Windows (CIFS) or NFS Designed for use with NetWorker’s staging feature Advanced File-type Device File-type Device Additional space Volume Marked Full Another Volume Save suspended Save continues © 2005 EMC Corporation. clone. Legato NetWorker Foundations .

Legato NetWorker Foundations .33 NetWorker provides the ability to further manage and protect save sets and volumes through cloning and staging. Cloning copies save sets or a volume of save sets to another volume. All rights reserved. Do not Copy .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. to another volume Moves save sets to another volume Commands nsrclone nwadmin nsrstage © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations 33 .All Rights Reserved. or a volume of save sets. Staging moves save sets to another volume. Cloning and Staging Save Sets Task Cloning Staging Description Copies save sets.

EMC Legato NetWorker BACKUPS © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy . Legato NetWorker Foundations 34 .34 Now we turn our attention to backups. Legato NetWorker Foundations .All Rights Reserved. All rights reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.

35 A backup is the process of copying data and storing it in another location. Legato NetWorker Foundations . NetWorker also enables you to automate and schedule the backup process. which includes client and tracking data.All Rights Reserved. All rights reserved. The NetWorker Server stores the tracking information.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. or some type of storage media. Backup Overview NetWorker Server NetWorker Client Tracking Data Data Tracking & Management Storage Node Data Source Backup Data Physical Storage Device Backup Data Data Destination © 2005 EMC Corporation. and directs it to the proper destination. where it formats the data and an attached device writes it to a backup volume. the NetWorker Client pushes the data to the storage node. In a NetWorker backup. The destination can be another directory on the same system. another server. Legato NetWorker Foundations 35 . NetWorker manages this backup data. Do not Copy .

Legato NetWorker Foundations 36 . This is an unattended backup. A client-initiated backup is a manual process that the user must attend. All rights reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy . meaning that the NetWorker Server initiates the backup by requesting it from the client. The NetWorker user initiates a client-initiated backup. NetWorker Backup Types Client-initiated Backup Manual Attended The user initiates the backup Server-initiated Backup Automatic (scheduled) or manual Attended or unattended The server software requests the backup from the client © 2005 EMC Corporation.36 EMC Legato NetWorker allows you to perform two types of backups. Legato NetWorker Foundations . A server-initiated backup can also be performed manually via the GUI or command line and is attended by the administrator.All Rights Reserved. A server-initiated backup is automatic.

Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. The storage node also generates tracking information and sends it to the server. The NetWorker Server does not request a client-initiated backup and does not know that it is coming. and sends tracking information to the server. or filesystems to save.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 37 . The user specifies which files. it must first be configured as a Client resource on the NetWorker Server. Legato NetWorker Foundations . All rights reserved. For a NetWorker Client to execute any type of backup. or as complex as customizing all settings. Client-initiated Backup Server Tracking Data save Tracking Data Save Set Client Save Set Volume Storage Node © 2005 EMC Corporation. it creates a save set. but it manages the backup when the client makes a request.37 A client-initiated backup is a manual process that you perform on the NetWorker Client from the GUI or the command line. This can be as simple as specifying the client TCP/IP host name to the NetWorker Server and using all Default settings. sends it to the assigned storage node. When the client performs a save. This type of backup is not automatic and is useful any time you want to perform a backup outside of the regular backup schedule. Do not Copy . directories.

the nwbackup command is the NetWorker Client utility that starts the X/Motif GUI interface and is the GUI front end to the save command. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Legato NetWorker Foundations 38 . nwbackup GUI Connect to other NetWorker Servers Start the backup. Server Client Search the client’s file system and select the files to back up. You can search for files to backup. The nwbackup interface provides a File Manager look and feel from which you select the files and directories to back up. The nwbackup GUI allows you to perform additional tasks: You can connect to other NetWorker Servers of which the host is a configured NetWorker Client. On UNIX. Do not Copy . All rights reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved.38 NetWorker provides UNIX and Windows GUIs for performing client-initiated backups.

All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations 39 . NetWorker User GUI (winworkr) Start the backup. the winworkr command starts the NetWorker User GUI.39 On Windows. This is the GUI front end to the save command. Search the client’s file system and select the files to back up © 2005 EMC Corporation. The NetWorker User interface provides a Windows Explorer look and feel from which you select the files and directories to back up. Do not Copy . Legato NetWorker Foundations . All rights reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.

Server-initiated backups also cause the NetWorker Server to back up the client file indexes and the bootstrap save set to protect the NetWorker configuration and tracking data. the bootstrap report is included in the savegroup completion report. and how to back up.All Rights Reserved. Do not Copy . Legato NetWorker Foundations 40 . All rights reserved. Volume Legato NetWorker Foundations . the NetWorker Server generates and prints information about the bootstrap save set such as the volume used and the bootstrap’s save set id or SSID. The client and other configured resources determine what. NetWorker generates a savegroup completion report and either mails it to root on the NetWorker Server on UNIX or sends it to the savegroup log on the NetWorker Server on Windows.40 A server-initiated backup is a backup request from the NetWorker Server to a configured group of clients. data size. The NetWorker Server also does a consistency check on the client file indexes and media database and enforces the aging status of save sets. when. If possible. The report contains information about the backup status. and backup creation date and time. The remote execution request causes the clients to run their backup commands for their configured save sets.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Server-initiated Backup Overview Server Backup Request from the Server Tracking Data Tracking Data Backup Volume save Tracking Data Bootstrap Notification Client Save Set & Tracking Data Report Logs Save Set & Tracking Data Storage Node © 2005 EMC Corporation. backup contents. This information is needed to recover the bootstrap in the event of a NetWorker Server disaster. Tracking information is sent to the NetWorker Server and is also stored on the backup volumes. If the print fails.

All Rights Reserved. The Storage Node receives the savestream and sends it to the backup device Media DB 5. 2. All rights reserved. The server writes tracking info to the client file index save 1. Do not Copy .vs. The storage node receives the savestream and sends it to the backup device. 3. Legato NetWorker Foundations 41 .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. The server receives volume location information from the Storage Node Server Storage Node 4. The NetWorker Server receives the volume location information from the storage node. 4. The backup device passes the data from the storage node to a volume. Server. The backup device passes data from the Storage Node to a volume CFI Volume 2. The server writes tracking information to the client file index. Client-initiated: Similarities 3. The client sends the savestream. The client sends the savestream © 2005 EMC Corporation. 5. 1.41 Client The diagram shows the similarities between a server-initiated backup and a client-initiated backup. Legato NetWorker Foundations .

All rights reserved. NetWorker backs up metadata : • The NetWorker Server backs up CFI databases for all clients in the group • The NetWorker Server backs up the Media Database and Resource files as the bootstrap save set CFI CFI Email root@nwserver 1.42 The diagram shows the differences between a server-initiated backup and a client-initiated backup. The server requests the backup from the client 3.All Rights Reserved. 3. Do not Copy . Client-initiated: Differences Volume Server Bootstrap Media DB 4. the NetWorker Server backs up the Media Database and Resource files as the bootstrap save set. The NetWorker Server enforces data life-cycling policies through database management.vs. Legato NetWorker Foundations 42 . These steps are done by the NetWorker Server: 1. 4. Legato NetWorker Foundations .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. NetWorker backs up metadata: The NetWorker Server backs up CFI databases for all clients in the group. 2. Server. The server enforces data life-cycling policies through database management Resource Directory 2. The server triggers preconfigured notifications Client © 2005 EMC Corporation. The NetWorker Server triggers preconfigured notifications. The NetWorker Server requests the backup from the NetWorker Client.

Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Skip backups do not back up the client’s save sets on a specific day. creating a new full backup.43 NetWorker supports several backup level settings. Legato NetWorker Foundations . regardless of level Backs up all data that has changed since the last full backup and subsequently merges these changes with the last full backup Skips the scheduled backup Skip © 2005 EMC Corporation. The difference between a full and a consolidated backup is that consolidated backups are typically less taxing on the network and client. As a result. NetWorker Backup Level Settings Type Full Level [1–9] (Differential) Incremental Consolidated Action Backs up all files. Full backups back up all files and directories in a save set and are the lowest level backup. Legato NetWorker Foundations 43 . similar to the UNIX dump command. level 5 backs up any files and directories that changed since a previous level 4 or lower level backup. All rights reserved. Consolidated backups merge the most recent level 1 backup with a save set’s last full backup. Do not Copy .All Rights Reserved. This type of backup requires the most storage space. For example. Using level [1–9] and incremental backups can help control the amount of data backed up but can also slow file recovery if several save sets are required to recover to a particular point in time. Incremental backups back up a save set’s files and directories that changed since the last backup of any level. Level 1-9 backups only back up files that changed since a previous lower level backup. they increase backup performance. The savegrp program generates a savegroup completion report that shows that the backup for the clients using this schedule were skipped and that no data was backed up. regardless of whether they have changed Backs up files that have changed since the last lower level backup Backs up files that have changed since the last backup.

All Rights Reserved. All rights reserved.44 Having discussed backups. Do not Copy . let’s move on to recoveries. Legato NetWorker Foundations 44 . Legato NetWorker Foundations . EMC Legato NetWorker RECOVERIES © 2005 EMC Corporation.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.

45 A recovery restores data to its original state at a specific point in time. or application data.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. During the next few pages you learn about recovery types and client roles in a recovery. filesystems. Legato NetWorker Foundations 45 .All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Do not Copy . All rights reserved. directories. Recoverable data can include files. Recovery Overview NetWorker Server Storage Node Volume Client © 2005 EMC Corporation.

Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.All Rights Reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations . The administering client is the client who initiates the recovery by running the NetWorker recover program. The source client is the NetWorker Client whose data is being recovered.46 The three client roles that exist for each recovery type are illustrated in the diagram. It is the client where the data will be recovered. Do not Copy . It is the client that created the save set. Legato NetWorker Foundations 46 . The destination client is the NetWorker Client that receives the recovered data. All rights reserved. Client Roles in a Recovery Administering Client Client running recover Destination Client Client where the data will be recovered Source Client Client that created the save set © 2005 EMC Corporation.

Do not Copy . Legato NetWorker Foundations 47 . and save sets © 2005 EMC Corporation. and directed recovery. All three types are manual processes. save set recovery. Please take a moment to review the table.47 NetWorker provides the three recovery types explained in the table .browsable recovery.All Rights Reserved. Recovery Types Browsable Recovery Performed by users and administrators Started from any NetWorker Client Allows you to recover files and directories from browsable save sets Save Set Recovery Performed by the root (UNIX) userid or Administrator (Windows) on the client Started from any NetWorker Client Allows you to recover files and save sets Directed Recovery Performed by NetWorker administrators Started from any NetWorker Client Allows you to centrally administer the recovery of files. Legato NetWorker Foundations . directories. NetWorker does not schedule recoveries or perform them automatically.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.

Use the nwrecover GUI or recover command to browse the index and mark the files and directories you want to recover. Browse the client file index Perform the recovery Client © 2005 EMC Corporation. To perform a browsable recovery: 1. Do not Copy .Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations . 2. which restores the files from the media to the client. Start the recovery. Legato NetWorker Foundations 48 .48 Browsable recoveries are recoveries of browsable save sets using interfaces that require information from the client file index. Browsable Recoveries NetWorker Server Storage Node CFI Volume 1.All Rights Reserved. 2. All rights reserved.

Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. On UNIX. nwrecover GUI Browse directories. you browse a representation of a client’s filesystem as it existed at a specific point in time. When using this program. Legato NetWorker Foundations 49 . All rights reserved. Click to select. The GUI enables a user to: Browse the filesystem for a file Mark one or more files for recovery Execute the recover command When the user makes a recover request. NetWorker automatically handles file or directory renaming and deleting. Recovered files retain the modification time and permissions they had when backed up. The modification time does not change when the file is recovered. Legato NetWorker Foundations .49 NetWorker provides UNIX and Windows GUI’s for performing browsable recoveries.All Rights Reserved. The nwrecover program only shows files from browsable save sets. the nwrecover GUI allows you to perform browsable recoveries through a graphical user interface that is installed with the client software. © 2005 EMC Corporation. Do not Copy .

50 On Windows.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. As with nwrecover. © 2005 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. you browse a representation of a client’s filesystem as it existed at a specific point in time. The winworkr program only shows files from browsable save sets.All Rights Reserved. Look for directories and files. NetWorker User enables a user to: Browse the filesystem for a file Mark one or more files for recovery Execute the recover command Legato NetWorker Foundations 50 . Click to select. When using this program. NetWorker User GUI (winworkr) Click to start the recover. the NetWorker User GUI allows you to perform browsable recoveries through a graphical user interface that is installed with the client software. Do not Copy . Legato NetWorker Foundations .

You can restore them on a per-file basis with a save set recovery if you know the pathname. or the recover command to perform save set recoveries. or the NetWorker Administrator on Windows. Save Set Recoveries Does not require the user to browse the client file index to select data for recovery Is useful when – Recovering an entire save set – The save set being recovered is no longer in the CFI (the browse policy has expired) Can be used to recover individual files – Specific files or directories that have passed their browse period can be recovered provided the exact pathname is known These interfaces can be used to recover save sets: – nwrecover on UNIX – NetWorker Administrator on Windows – recover command © 2005 EMC Corporation. You can perform a save set recovery to recover entire save sets or files in save sets that have exceeded or not exceeded their browse policy. Legato NetWorker Foundations 51 . Data that you can recover in a save set includes individual files. Legato NetWorker Foundations . All rights reserved. Do not Copy . You can use the nwrecover program on UNIX. Files that have exceeded their browse policy no longer qualify for a browsable recovery.51 A save set recovery allows you to recover data from a save set rather than browsing and marking data for recovery. directories. and the entire save set itself.All Rights Reserved.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation.

Destination Client (UNIX) flute Legato NetWorker Foundations . Directed recovery is useful when you cannot log on to the destination client to perform the recovery. Do not Copy . All rights reserved.All Rights Reserved. In the example in the diagram. data is backed up from the source client. Data is recovered to the destination client. 3. The Administering Client issues a recover command 3.52 A directed recovery is a recover request executed from the administering client that causes the destination client to execute the recover program to recover the specified data. a NetWorker administrator on tuba initiates a directed recovery causing flute to recover data from soprano’s save sets. the source and destination clients must be the same platform type. then the directed recovery interface is the recover command line only. Directed Recoveries 1. First. Data is recovered to the Destination Client NetWorker Server bongo Administering Client (W2K) tuba #recover Source Client (UNIX) soprano © 2005 EMC Corporation. If the administering client and the destination client are not the same machine. This remote administration capability gives you a high degree of flexibility and convenience in recovering and redirecting data.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. In a directed recovery. 1. The data recovered is provided from a source client’s save set. 2. The NetWorker administrator starts the directed recovery from the administering client. Legato NetWorker Foundations 52 . The administering client issues a recover command. Often the administering client is the NetWorker Server. However any NetWorker administrator can initiate a directed recovery. even though the administering client can be a different platform type. Data is backed up from the Source Client 2.

53 These are the key points covered in this training. This concludes the training. Course Summary Key points covered in this course: EMC Legato NetWorker solution NetWorker advantages NetWorker host roles NetWorker data protection functions NetWorker administrative interfaces NetWorker-supported device topologies NetWorker backup process NetWorker recovery process © 2005 EMC Corporation. Legato NetWorker Foundations 53 . In order to receive credit for this course.Copyright © 2005 EMC Corporation. please proceed to the Course Completion slide to update your transcript and access the Assessment.All Rights Reserved. All rights reserved. Legato NetWorker Foundations . Do not Copy . Please take a moment to review them.

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