The dawn of the new age - The Computer Era - glows before us with the promise of new and

improved ways of thinking, living and working. The amount of information in the world is said to be doubling every six to seven years. The only way to keep up with these increased amounts of data and information is to understand how computers work and the ability to control them for a particular purpose. A computer can be defined as an electronic data processing device, capable of accepting data, applying a prescribed set of instructions to the data, and displaying in some manner or form. Any configuration of the devices that are interconnected and are programmed to operate as a computer system. The computer is said to have literally revolutionised the way one person does his job or a whole multinational organisation operates their businesses. Together with this reason and many more, computers are considered more than just an essential piece of fancy equipment. Whether or not people know anything about it, they invoke computers in every day lives when they make a bank withdrawal, buy groceries at the supermarket and even when they drive a car. Today, millions of people are purchasing fully functional personal computers for individual reasons. In their homes, people use various forms of computer technology for writing memos, for keeping track of bank accounts, for communication with friends and associates, for accessing knowledge, for purchasing goods and many other countless tasks. It is a binding fact that are computers are very productive, efficient and make our personal and professional lives more rewarding. These 'magical' machines can do just about anything imaginable, moreover they really excel in certain areas. Below is the list of some of the principal applications of the computer systems: q Businesses. Businessmen make bar graphs and pie charts from tedious figures to convey information with far more impact than numbers alone can covey. Furthermore, computers help businesses to predict their future sales, profits, costs etc. making companies more accurate in their accounts. Computers may also play a vital role in aiding thousands of organistaions to make judgmental and hard-provoking decisions concerning financial problems and prospective trends. q Buildings. Architects use computer animated graphics to experiment with possible exteriors and to give clients a visual walk-through of their proposed buildings. The computers provide architects a numerous amount of facilities to create different buildings with greater accuracy, better designing and editing tools, and work done at the fastest speed possible. Finally, a new kind of artist has emerged, one who uses computers to express his or her creativity.

Thus. Recent innovation in computerised law enforcement include national fingerprint files. in the use of missiles and other likes. The most important use of the computer system in this field is perhaps the Army. and market price checks. The government also uses computers in various simulations like the spread of influenza in a particular locality. q Retailing. There is also a level of greater security when computers are involved in money transactions as there is a better chance of detecting forged cheques and using credit/debit cards illegally etc. where computers are used to control the flow of traffic between airplanes which needs a lot of precision and accuracy to be dealt with. In addition. such as blood at a crime scene. Electric companies use computers to monitor vast power networks.q Education. Among other tasks. to manage parks and historical sites. Farmers use small computers to help with billing. Energy companies use computers to locate oil. q Transportation. This is referred as POS (Point of Sale) transaction where a precise account of all the stocks available is recorded and manipulated. Products from meats to magazines are packed with zebra-striped bar codes that can be read by the computer scanners at supermarket checkout stands to determine prices and help manage inventory. these companies can figure out the site of a natural resource. Personal computers are being used for . coal. to process immigrants. feed combinations. which may save trillions of lives on this approach uniquely suited to the computer. but it is also revered as a learning system. especially for the stock control system. q Government. debit cards and instantaneous credit checks by banks and retailers. and computer modeling of DNA. q Money. People having a computer in the home justifies the fact that it is not only useful and efficient. temperatures and electrical systems. crop information. Computers speed up record keeping and allow banks to offer same-day services and even do-it yourself banking over the phone and internet. Cattle ranchers can also use computers for information about livestock breeding and performance. Computers have helped fuel the cashless economy. The computers have to be very powerful and in order to be run they have to be very accurate and precise. meter readers use hand held computers to record how much energy is used each month in homes and offices. enabling the widespread use of credit cards. a detailed receipt of the groceries can be made. q Agriculture. to produce social security checks and to collect taxes. Computers are used in cars to monitor fluid levels. every nanosecond counts. the Air Force and the Navy. With the use of these technological machines.g. load containerships and track railroads cars across the country. a national file on the mode of operation of serial killers. computers also contain a complete databases of all the names. Most good schools in the world have computers available for use in the classroom. An important part is the air control traffic systems. q The Home. which is useful for both the customer and the retail store. and cost per acre. E. natural gas and uranium. colleges and various universities have extended the use of computers as many educators prefer the 'learning by doing' method . This enhances the knowledge of the student at a a much faster pace than the old traditional methods. Likewise. q Energy. its concentration and other related figures. the federal government uses computers to forecast the weather. Computers are also used to help run rapid transit systems. In addition. pictures and information of such people who choose to break the law. q Law Enforcement. which can be used to match traces from an alleged criminal's body. It has been proved that learning with computers has been more successful and this is why numerous forms of new teaching methods have been introduced.

The computes are most popular for their uses to connect with others on the World Wide Web. All the stages of manufacturing. the structure of the human cold virus . In other industries. effective and surprisingly cheaper as well. q Training. q Scientific Research. emulate physical characteristics and allow scientists to proof of their theories in a cost-effective manner. and know about world events as they occur.innumerous tasks nowadays. Computers have made their way towards jobs that were unpleasant or too dangerous for humans to do. Because of highspeed characteristics of computer systems. then the amount . in exquisite detail. write letters and memos. than is real airplanes. q Health and Medicine. computers are used greatly in managing patients.both physically and mentally.the first step towards the common cold. scientific research has propelled towards the better a great deal. publish newsletters and most importantly connect with other in the rest of plant earth. people can gain various amounts of knowledge. a deaf and dumb person is able to communicate extensively with other people by using a specially designed computer system. q Communication with the World. which is greatly tiring and error prone. For example. This gives the disabled a chance to live out life and gradually catch up with the other fortunate people living on earth. to keep records. doctors. can be done with the use of computer technology with greater diversity. making the production process faster and cheaper. Training simulations are relatively cheaper and are always available on one-to-one basis making way for personal training. prepare budgets. q Paperwork. and has numerous advantages over the traditional shopping methods. communication between two or more parties is possible which is relatively cheap considering the old fashioned methods. Computers are now able to map. draw pictures. Purchasing on the Internet is also becoming very popular. When connected to the Internet. Computer systems will increasingly cut down the paperwork that is involved in millions of industries around the world. Also many test lab animals are spared since computers have taken over their roles in extensive research. wards and medicine records. produce presentations. Therefore. Computers are helping immensely to monitor thee extremely ill in the intensive care unit and provide cross-sectional views of the body. such as working hundreds of feet below the earth or opening a package that might contain an explosive device. It is much more cheaper and effective to teach pilots how to fly in a computerised cockpit or simulators. This type of computer is called the Expert System. teleconferencing and the use of voice messages are very fast. Railway engineers can also be given some kind of training on how to run a train with the help of a computerised system. scheduling surgeries and other likes. researchers can simulate environments. as well as deal with making appointments. q The Human connection. computers are used to control the production of resources very precisely. q Manufacturing Industries. This is very important for mankind and with the development of computers. Furthermore. which is basically a collection of accumulated expertise in a specific area of field. The handicapped are now able to express their missing sense with the aid of computer technology. The computers have evolved in such prosperity that it is now able to assist or aid with humans who are disabled . Doctors use computers to assist them in diagnosing certain diseases of the sort. This eliminates the need for hired nurses to watch the patient twenty-four hours a day. All robots and machinery are now controlled by various computers. This is because the learning pilots will feel much more relaxed and confident due to the fact that no life is at risk at that moment. for example. If a business is run on a manual system. from designing to production. Emailing.

of papers or registers involved is a great deal. will become more efficient if a computer system is implemented. Computers are now becoming faster. that another entity is not effected. libraries etc. the school. more reliable. becomes more than just necessary in daily uses. A computer system. school. We interact with computers in our daily lives . This is the Computer Age and these machines are beginning to affect out lives in many ways. which is completely based on real time. . Computers are all around us and avoiding them is virtually impossible. or the public library. There are so many applications of computers. For example Airline systems and Banking systems will come under this category. clubs. This means processing of one entity is done so quickly and effectively. Many computers provide an environment. faster and more effective than the manual system. q Real Time systems. If it is replaced by a computer system. computer advertisements and computer headlines.whether we are at the cinemas. effective and whole lot cheaper than they had been ever before. The beginnings of computer literacy are already apparent. Organisations that involve administrative tasks such as a hotel. that it is impractical to mention all of them. making the administration process more tedious and error prone. therefore. This makes managing various tasks easier. We have been exposed in the world of computer hype. hospitals. then all the necessary data and information is transferred into the memory of the computer. These systems are immensely huge because they interact with all other airlines or baking systems in the world.

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