Karnataka Power Corporation Limited

INTRODUCTION

Organization study is a part of MBA programme which a student has to undergo during their course of study. It narrows the gap between theoretical knowledge and practical situations. Training makes a knowledge man into an experienced one. The principal objective of the study is to inter-relate the theoretical aspects with practical things that are moving in industry, and studying the organization as a whole. No doubt that the necessary training will be imparted at the work place, but having a brief knowledge before entering an organization will certainly help the individual in learning about the organization quickly and to improve his performance for the betterment, as well as the betterment of the organization for the organization for which he is working

Objectives of the study  To get the practical exposure in the corporate world.  To have a proper balance between the theory and practical knowledge.  To study origin, growth, vision, mission and status of the organization.  To study the functional departments exist in the organization.  To evaluate the effectiveness of the organization.  To study the problem areas in the organization.  To provide some valuable suggestion to improve the efficiency in the organization.

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Karnataka Power Corporation Limited

COMPANY PROFILE History of the Karnataka power sector The gears of enterprise in Karnataka powered nascent industrial activity as early as the year 1800, when the first sugar unit was set up. In 1902, Karnataka recorded another “mega watt sized project first” - Asia’s first Hydro Electric Power Station in Shivanasamudram, on the banks of river Cauvery. In fact, Karnataka’s pioneering spirit in the field of power has been translated into several major milestones. Karnataka was the first to embark on Alternating current, when Bangalore City’s lighting scheme was completed. Karnataka had the longest transmission line in the world in 1902, from Shivanasamudram to KGF, covering a distance of 147 km. and Karnataka was the first state in the country to conceive and set up a professionally managed Corporation to plan, construct, operate and maintain power generation projects in the state. That’s the legacy that KPCL started with and built on. KPCL – an overview For over three decades, the Karnataka Power Corporation has been a prime mover and catalyst behind key power sector reforms in the state - measures that have spiraled steady growth witnessed in both industrial and economic areas. Right from the year of inception, in 1970, KPCL set its sights on “growth from within” meeting growing industry needs and reaching out to touch the lives of the common man, in more ways than one.

KPCL today has an installed capacity of 5509.82 MW of hydel, thermal and wind energy, with 4000 MW in the pipeline. The 1470 MW Raichur Thermal Power Station located in Raichur dist is accredited with ISO 14001-2004 certification for its environment protection measures. From an industry vantage point, KPCL has raised the bar on the quality of deliverables and is constantly working at lowering the cost per megawatt - a commendable cost-value equation that has become a benchmark on the national grid. KPCL’s stock in trade is industry proven - wellVVN.INST OF MGT ,TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 2

Karnataka Power Corporation Limited

established infrastructure & modern, progressive management concepts and a commitment to excel, helping it meet the challenges of the rising energy demands of Karnataka. The leverage point of KPCL initiatives are its resource management strengths – right across planning, financing and project engineering. KPCL also has a high rating in terms of project completion and commissioning within the implementation calendar.

KPCL Mission & Objectives KPCL seeks to touch higher vantage points in the world of power engineering. Our formula for achieving this - start with a world class organization, build-in efficiency and cost control and ensure that progress is in harmony with the environment.
• • • •

Exploring, identifying and developing opportunities in power generation. Devising innovative ways of setting up and operating power plants. Investing in a resource base of technical competence, systems, processes and capability. Empowering people, work teams and the support network to achieve these objectives.

KPCL Vision “Ensuring energy security for Karnataka through diversified energy portfolio”.

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Commissioning of Unit . Highest Annual Turnover of Rs. in 1999.A National record • • VVN.39 % at Raichur Thermal Power Station (20022003).TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 4 . Highest Plant Load Factor (PLF) of 90.7 at RTPS in 25 Months . Highest thermal generation of 11484 Million Units 2006-07.3387 Crores (2006-2007).Karnataka Power Corporation Limited KPCL's record achievements: • • • Highest generation of 26635 million units (2006-2007). Highest capacity addition of 600 MW.INST OF MGT .

INST OF MGT .TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 5 .Karnataka Power Corporation Limited ACHIEVEMENTS OF RTPS VVN.

48 LAKHS CHSH AWARD & A GOLD MEDAL FOR ACHIEVING HIGH PLF OF 78.23% PLF 2002-03 – GOLD SHIELD & CERTIFICATE FOR OUTSTANDING PERFORMANCE -90. 2000.10 LAKHS FOR REDUCTION IN SECONDARY FUEL OIL & AUXILLARY CONSUMPTION 1994 . 2001. For Renewable Energy .Rs 14.2002.00 LAKHS FOR ACHIEVING HIGH PLF OF 72.AUXILLARY CONSUMPTION & HIGH PLF OF 81. 1999-2000 Rs 22.65% 1998 .CERTIFICATE & SILVER SHIELD FOR GOOD PERFORMANCE.52% 1998-99 Rs 6. 1996-97 Rs 16.Rs 9.26 LAKHS FOR REDUCTION IN SECONDARY FUEL OIL CONSUMPTION.Rs 9. 1990 . 1997-98 Rs 9.39% PLF 2000-01 and 2001-02 .OIL. 1991 .82 LAKHS FOR REDUCTION IN SECONDARY FUEL.CERTIFICATE FOR REDUCTION IN SECONDARY FUEL OIL. VVN.CERTIFICATE FOR REDUCTION IN AUXILIARY COMSUMPTION. 1993 .99%.5 LAKHS FOR REDUCTION IN SECONDARY FUEL OIL & AUXILLARY CONSUMPTION.2003-04 – GOLD SHIELD & CERTIFICATE FOR OUTSTANDING Karnataka Power Corporation Limited PERFORMANCE .Rs 12.Rs 16.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 6 1988 – Rs 8. 1992 .65 LAKHS FOR CASH AWARD & BRONZE MEDAL FOR ACHIEVING HIGH PLF OF 81.88 LAKHS FOR REDUCTION IN SECONDARY FUEL OIL & AUXILLARY CONSUMPTION.00 LAKHS FOR ACHIEVING HIGH PLF OF 66.59% 1989 – Rs 10.Rs 6.INST OF MGT .88.75 LAKHS CASH AWARD AND SHIELD FOR ACHIEVING HIGH PLF OF 70 % &REDUCTION IN SECONDARY FUEL OIL CONSUMPTION.3%.10 LAKHS FOR REDUCTION IN SECONDARY FUEL OIL CONSUMPTION.2003 .Rs 6.2002 . 1995 .94 LAKHS FOR REDUCTION IN SECONDARY FUEL OIL & AUXILLARY CONSUMPTION.22 LAKHS FOR REDUCTION IN SECONDARY FUEL OIL & AUXILLARY CONSUMPTION.

Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Social Responsibility • The corporation made a total contribution of Rs. Voluntary implementation of best practices having regard to the regulatory tariff regime.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 7 .INST OF MGT . • • • Enhancement of knowledge and skill of employees through training. Passing on the benefit of cost cutting in construction. 1. High priority in compliance to environment laws. VVN. regulation and norms. finance and operations to the customers.5 Crs to chief Minister’s Relies fund during the year 2004-2005.

its production by this means was. In 1878. In 1831. The world's first public electricity supply was provided in late 1881. when the streets of the Surrey town of Godalming in the UK were lit with electric light. Thomas Edison developed and sold a commercially viable replacement for gas lighting and heating using locally generated and distributed direct current electricity. HISTORY Although electricity had been known to be produced as a result of the chemical reactions that take place in an electrolytic cell since Alessandro Volta developed the voltaic pile in 1800. Michael Faraday devised a machine that generated electricity from rotary motion. Hydro-power and cost based thermal power has been the main sources of generating electricity. In spite of the overall development that has taken place. the power supply industry has been under constant pressure to bridge the gap between supply and demand. and still is. but it took almost 50 years for the technology to reach a commercially viable stage.INST OF MGT .Karnataka Power Corporation Limited INDUSTRY PROFILE The power sector has registered significant progress since process of planned development of the economy began in 1950. Nuclear power development is at slower pace. which was introduced. This supply scheme also provided electricity to a number of shops and premises. This system was powered from a water wheel on the River Way. The concept of operating power systems on a regional basis crossing the political boundaries of state was introduced in the early sixties. VVN.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 8 . in the US. expensive. which drove a Siemens alternatr that supplied a number of arc lamps within the town. in late sixties.

Furthermore some load types were difficult or impossible to make for higher voltages. devised an alternative system using alternating current. devising theoretical and practical alternatives for all of the direct current appliances then in use. This allowed efficient high voltages for distribution where their risks could easily be mitigated by good design while still allowing fairly safe voltages to be supplied to the loads. in early 1882. The method of supply was direct current (DC).Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Coinciding with this. Edison opened the world’s first steam-powered electricity generating station at Holborn Viaduct in London. The voltage chosen for any electrical system is a compromise. Thus the Hammond Electricity Supply Co. as a number of shop owners wanted to use the new electric light. in thirty separate patents. Increasing the voltage reduces the current and therefore reduces resistive losses in the cable. Whilst the Godalming and Holborn Viaduct Schemes closed after a few years the Brighton Scheme continued on. was launched. In time he had supplied a number of local consumers with electric light. The ensuing success of this installation enabled Hammond to put this venture on both a commercial and legal footing. and supply was in 1887 made available for 24 hours per day. where he had entered into an agreement with the City Corporation for a period of three months to provide street lighting. VVN. Tesla realised that while doubling the voltage would halve the current and reduce losses by threequarters. demonstrated the new electric light in the Sussex town of Brighton in the UK for a trial period.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 9 .INST OF MGT . It was for this reason that the generation was close to or on the consumer's premises as Edison had no means of voltage conversion. Nikola Tesla. He went on to develop the overall theory of his system. Robert Hammond. Unfortunately it increases the danger from direct contact and also increases the required insulation thickness. only an alternating current system allowed the transformation between voltage levels in different parts of the system. in December 1881. who had worked for Edison for a short time and appreciated the electrical theory in a way that Edison did not. and patented his novel ideas in 1887. Additionally. It was later on in the year in September 1882 that Edison opened the Pearl Street Power Station in New York City and again it was a DC supply.

The power sector has been receiving adequate priority ever since the process of planned development began in 1959.000 horsepower (3. Tesla's work came to the attention of George Westinghouse. distribution and retailing takes place using alternating current Growth of Indian power sector Power development is the key to the economic development. in a deal with General Electric.INST OF MGT .7 MW) Tesla generators supplying electricity to an aluminium smelter at Niagara and the town of Buffalo 22 miles (35 km) away. With Tesla and his patents. transmission. registering a 63 fold increase in 54 years. with a water driven 100 horsepower (75 kW) generator powering a 100 horsepower (75 kW) motor over a 2. The power sector has been getting 18-20% of the total public sector outlay in initial plan periods.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 10 . Westinghouse built a power system for a gold mine in Telluride. While Westinghouse's system could use Edison's lights and had heaters. Similarly. Westinghouse had been operating an alternating current lighting plant in Grea Barrington. Then. which Edison had been forced to sell. Almarian Decker finally invented the whole system of three-phase power generating in Redlands. While high-voltage direct current (HVDC) is increasingly being used to transmit large quantities of electricity over long distances or to connect adjacent asynchronous power systems. Massachusetts since 1886.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited In 1888. The Niagara power station commenced operation on April 20. 1895. Westinghouse's company went on to construct a power station at the Niagara Falls. the electricity generation increased from VVN. who owned a patent for a type of transformer that could deal with high power and was easy to make. the bulk of electricity generation. California in 1893. Tesla's alternating current system remains the primary means of delivering electrical energy to consumers throughout the world. Over the years (since 1950) the installed capacity of power plants (utilities) has increased to 109092 MW (2004-05) from 1713 MW in 1959. with three 5. Remarkable growth and progress have led to extensive use of electricity in all the sectors of economy in the successive five years plans. it did not have a motor.5-mile (4 km) power line. Colorado in 1891.

which is about 26 times. with storage facilities. provide peak time support to the power system. The planning was so far based on a region as a unit for planning and accordingly the power systems have been developed and operated on regional basis. strong integrated grids exist in all the five regions of the country and the energy resources developed are widely utilised within the regional grids. some of which have to back down during off peak hours. VVN. The per capita consumption of electricity in the county also increased from 15 KWH in 1950 to about 395 KWH in 2004-05. where it is difficult to extend the grid supply.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited about 5. peaking power provided by thermal plants. 88% of the village have been electrified except far flung areas in North Easter states. Emergence regional power systems In order to optimally utilise the dispersed sources for power generation it was decided right at the beginning of the 1960’s that the country would be divided into 5 regions and the planning process would aim at achieving regional self sufficiency. Hydel power projects. In western and Eastern regions. In the field of rural electrification and pump set energization. With the proposed inter-regional links being developed it is estimated that it would be possible for power to flow any where in the country with the concept of National Grid becoming a reality during 12th plan period.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 11 .1 billion to 440 billion units –86 fold increases.5 percent at the end of eighth plan.INST OF MGT . country has made a tremendous progress. Generation mix The share if hydel generation in the total generating capacity of the country has declined from 34% at the end of the sixth plan to 29% at the end of the seventh plan and further to 25. Presently. Inadequate hydel support in some of the regions is adversely affecting the performance of the thermal power plants. the Eastern and North-Eastern regions are operating in parallel. The share is likely to decline ever further unless suitable corrective measures are initiated immediately.

is another area of potential difficulty. VVN.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Private Sectors The initial response of the domestic and foreign investors to the policy of private participation in power sector has been extremely encouraging. which concern penalties for nonperformance. the following additional facilitating measures have recently been suggested by the promoters. The capacity addition programmed for the 9th plan envisaged around 17588MW to be added by private generating companies. many projects have encountered unforeseen delays.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 12 . Uncertainties about fuel supply arrangements and the difficulty in negotiating arrangements with public sector fuel suppliers. In order to achieve the targeted private sector capacity addition during the 9th plan. which were not anticipated at the time the policy was formulated. There have been delays relating to finalisation of power purchase agreements.  To achieve environmentally sustainable power development. However. matching transmission networks and legally enforceable contracts for fuel supplies. The shortfall in the private sector was due to the emergence of a number of constraints. The most important is that leaders are not willing to finance large independent power projects. This important to resolve these difficulties and revolve a framework of policy which can ensure a reasonable distribution of risks which make power sector projects financially attractive. selling power to a monopoly buyer such as SEB’s do not pay for electricity. Objectives of the power sector  To provide reliable and quality power at a economic price.  To make the sector commercially sound and self-sustaining. guarantees and counter guarantees. Most of these have been accepted while some of them are under the consideration of the government.  High performance levels to reduce cost and ensure reliable power supply. Environmental clearances.INST OF MGT .

At present KPCL is using modern techniques of power generation. The power generated by KPCL is sold KPTCL (Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited). which incur huge investment. wind and coal. Now a day’s power is very essential in all the activity of life of human beings.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited PRODUCT/SERVICE PROFILE: The study is conducted in “Karnataka Power Corporation limited”.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 13 . VVN. plants. it also costly in the case of wind and coal. Power is sold with the help of the gridlines. 20% by coal and 10% by wind. As per data collected the corporations is generating power capacity is 19713 million units. The generated power can not be saved and sold some days later. It is really very expensive to generate power. it should be sold out while generating. generators. In addition to this the corporation is training their employees regarding the power generation techniques.INST OF MGT . The KPCL has more than 20 projects. The firm is providing the service of power with out which lightening is not possible. which has generating the power as its product. Because it needs constructed dam for Hydal power generation. KPCL is a monopoly producer of power in Karnataka state. transforms and other power supply tools. The corporation is generating the power by Hydro. At present KPCL producing at 70% through hydro.

for this only a small staffs is required. A fairly large difference in height is required to produce enough force in he flowing water to turn the water wheels to which the generators are connected.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION This is one of the cheapest ways to electricity. Modern plants use vertical generators mounted on horizontal water wheels. the kinetic and potential energy of running water being harnessed to drive generators. This water form the reservoir is carried through underground ducts and they directed against the generators are usually mounted in the range 6.6 to 15 KV.INST OF MGT . A reservoir forms behind the dam. These generators of the synchronous salient pose type are of very large diameter (30 to 40) feet and have a large number of poles (up to 60) depending on the speed of rotation (usually from 100 to 600rpm). However.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 14 . The required head of water obtained by constructing a dam across the river. so that a constant head of water is obtained. the initial capital is enormous since dam construction is a major civil engineering feat. The exciter set on top of the main generator provides the low voltage.C required to set up the magnitude field in the min generator. it is limited to mountainous region where fast rivers flow. Transformers situated just outside the powerhouse raise the voltage to the long distance transmission level of 275 to 400KV. However. Early installation had vertical water turning the machinery. These plants are cheap to run. usually at its steepest point to make maximum use of height. Suitable sites for VVN. high current D.

which is connected to the generator. These sites must be chosen near the river or where the unsightly cooling tower will not detract from the surrounding. This steam is directed on to blades of high-speed turban. The main is advantage is that they can be sited where needed thus saving on the cost of the transmission lines. which then produces steam at very high pressure (up to 5000 Ib/sqare Inc) and temperature (1100 f).INST OF MGT . fuel is burnt to heat the water in the boiler. thus forming a closed cycle. In operation. However. This condensed is required large cooling tower of external water (15 million gales/hour for a 300 MW station) or large cooling tower. the machine rating the higher the voltage used. these stations have a long life up to 5 years. high cost of fuel (coal. oil or gas) is incurred. THERMAL POWER STATION Thermal power stations were the best energy.6 to 33KV. However. Large amounts of heat are produced VVN. The steam is condensed then the water is return to the boiler.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited hydro electricity transmission lines must be added. which is converted in to electric energy and provide the majority power generation at present. The excited set is again amounted on the shaft. The generation are of 2 cycles pole construction rotating at 3000 rph again the voltage output varies between 6.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 15 .

The main limitation is the boiler design.Kappatagudda wind farm VVN. water being 50 times better then the air. Thus less power is required to circulate. the generators being up to 90% efficient. the overall figure about 38% of the thermal power being put into plant from the fuel is available as electric energy. Recently liquid cooling is using oil or water as being adopted. Ex:.INST OF MGT .TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 16 .Karnataka Power Corporation Limited is important fans mounted each end of he rotor circulate air or hydrogen gas. Liquid are far superior to gases for cooling. This form of power generation contributes only 1% of total power generation. WIND POWER STATION It is also one type of power generation where KPCL produce power by using the wind. Hydrogen is better cooling medium then air and also only and fourteenth is its densities. Thermal stations are not particularly efficient.

total installed capacity is 127. Ex:.INST OF MGT .32 capacity in MW. Diesel generating sets are used in places without connection to the power grid or as emergency power-supply if the grid fails. KPCL has 6 units and 21.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited DIESEL POWER STATION A diesel generator is the combination of a diesel engine with an electrical generator (often called an alternator) to generate electric energy. it costs nearly Rs.Yelahanka Diesel Generating station VVN.10 per unit and used only for emergency purpose.92. KPCL’s Diesel power station is situated in Yelahanka.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 17 . this type of power generation is very costly.

It lead to improve planning and control of key functions and ensure economy. VVN.INST OF MGT .Karnataka Power Corporation Limited ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Grouping of activities is an essential step in designing an organizational structure. Grouping of activities into departments or other homogeneous units is known as departmentation. Departmentation based on functions is a simple form of organizing the activities. Specialization of department promotes the excellence in performance. In Prateeks activities are grouped into different functional units.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 18 . This can also be studied as a separate function. Departmentation is the process of grouping tasks into job’s the combining of jobs into effective work groups into identifiable segment or departments. Each major function of the enterprise is grouped into different department.

INST OF MGT .TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 19 .Karnataka Power Corporation Limited ORGANISATION CHART Board of Directors Managing Director Technical Director Finance Director H R Director Executive Chief Engineer Superintend Assistant Engineer Director Engineer Accounts General DGM Asst GM Asst Officer Manager (A/C’s) (Accounts) Accounts (accounts) Officer Accounts General DGM Asst GM Asst Officer Manager (Finance) (Accounts) Accounts (Finance) Officer Personal Manager Junior Personal General (HR) DGM DGM AGM AGM Junior Officer Officer (HRD-1) (HRD-2) (HRD) (HRD) Personnel Personnel workers corporate Officer Officer Junior Engineer Senior Asst Senior Asst Senior Asst Administrator Senior Asst Administrator Board consists of: • • • • • Chairman is chief minister of the state Managing Director Technical Director Financial Director Human Resource Director VVN.

Jaamdar an IAS officer is the present MD of the corporation. HR director.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 20 . as it may fit and shall be entitled to remove the directors from office at any time. Board of Directors As on 20-10-2008 VVN. The govt may free from time to time appoint one or more of the directors as Chairmen. S.B.R. Managing Director Managing director of the corporation is the chief executive having substantial powers of management delegated to him by the board. Vice Chairmen or Managing Director of the corporation. Board of Director’s will be appointed by the government on such remuneration. Shri.Yeddyurappa Chief Minister is the Chairmen of KPCL.Dr.S. The number of directors of the company shall not be less than 3 and not more than 17.Nayak was the first MD and Shri. Usually Chairmen will be Chief Minister or the Minister of Power & Energy or Member of Parliament or state Legislature. Shri.INST OF MGT . But subject to provision of section 252 of the Act.M. Technical director.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited • • Principal secretary Principal secretary to chief minister Board of Directors: The corporation has at its apex board of directors duly constituted under the 11th provision of Articles of association of the corporation and the Companies Act of 1956. He will be the supreme authority of the corporation. Under him there will be three types of directors namely Finance director.Veerendra Patil was the first chairmen of the corporation and at present Shri.

Eshwarappa Hon’ble Minister of Energy.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 21 . IAS M.Sreedhar.Kamble. VVN.Jairaj. KPCL Shri K.R.M.Jaamdar. Yeddyurappa Hon’ble CM of Karnataka & Chairman. Murlidhar Rao IAS D. S.INST OF MGT . GOK & Vice Chairman KPCL Dr.S. IAS.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Shri B.S.C. IRS K. Managing Director.

No member shall be entitled to visit or inspect works of the company without permission of directors in the nature of trade secrets. Human Resource department. Principal Secretary. Finance Director. supervisors. Finance department . • • To act on behalf of the company in all matters relating to bankrupts and insolvents.INST OF MGT . Secretary.Marketing department. Energy Department. To open any account or accounts with such banks as the board of directors may select or appoint. Computer department Finance is the main source of every business.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Technical Director. • To establish any board or agency for managing any of the affairs of the company in any locality in India or elsewhere. Environment department and. trade mystery and secret process. Water ResourcesDept. To pay and change to the capital amount of the company and any interest law full payable. They are Production department. Introduction The functional areas of Karnataka power Corporation Ltd are divided into categories. • To appoint or remove or suspend such managers. Powers of the Board • • To authorize the corporation for undertaking of work of a capital nature.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 22 . Finance department of Karnataka Power Corporation ltd involves managerial VVN. • • To appoint any person to be the attorney’s of the company. secretaries. clerks. agents and servants or permanent or temporary as they fit.

 To forecast the future needs of the each Department. This is all about functional departments. directing and controlling financial activities of the enterprise Production is also an important work in every manufacturing unit.  To provide timely services to each department.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited activities concerned with procurement at low cost and utilization of funds for business purposes the financial manager deals with planning.INST OF MGT .  To carry out the easy work. Karnataka Power Corporation ltd have latest technological machineries so that the production process can be done easily.  To know the all the Departments detailed information. Lastly.  To know how the company process is taken place. Let us know each department in depth.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 23 . The HRD department of the company is well structured and employees are getting good benefits and this is one strategy of the company to increase the productivity. FINANCE DEPARTMENT FINANCE CHART VVN. organizing. Marketing department of the company is helping the organization in increasing the dealers and customers through their marketing strategies and campaigns and promotional activities.

Karnataka Power Corporation Limited

Managing Director

Finance Director

General Manager (accounts) DGM (A/C’s)

General Manager (Finance) DGM (Finance)

Asst GM (Accounts)

Asst GM (Accounts)

Accounts Officer

Accounts Officer

Asst Accounts Officer

Asst Accounts Officer

Senior Asst

Senior Asst

Finance department is very essential for any organisation to be set up. It is the backbone of any organisation. Similarly the finance department plays a vital role in the set up and running of KPCL.

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Karnataka Power Corporation Limited

Chief accountant manager and chief finance manager works under the direct control of finance Director at KPCL. Other top executive in the finance department are executive (Finance), divisional officer (Finance), accounts officer, assistant officer, senior assistant (Accounts) and assistant (Accounts). The chief finance manager and accounts manager handle various activities in the finance department. Each of them has their tasks cut out systematically in these areas.

In KPCL, finance and accounting department is subdivided into 11 sub departments. • • • • • • • • • • • Salary department Cash department Bills department Budget and costing department Consultancy department Provident fund department Monthly and annual accounts department Debt servicing department On going project department Taxation department Pension department

Its brief explanation as follows:

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Karnataka Power Corporation Limited

Salary Department In KPCL salary department looks after the advances to employee’s salary payable to the employees. Salary department calculates the salary of employees, on the basis of information given by the Human Resource department regarding the employee’s attendance, leave, leave not sanctioned, under salary amount deduction made in respect of provident fund, tax, and remittance charges, recoveries for advance. Salary department credit net salary amount and reimbursement of Medical and Electricity charges amount to employee’s bank account by issuing cheques. Cash department The cash section is responsible for all receipts and payments of cash, cheques, etc., and accounting the same in the books of accounts. KPCL provided 150 corers as working capital to cash department, to carryout its transactions. If need arises beyond 150 corers, it requires to get permission from senior executive of finance. The functions of Cash department are:• • • • Operation of Bank accounts. Withdrawal of cash from bank, to cater for daily needs. Payment of voucher by cheques / cash Cash disbursement to salary department for payment of salaries, wages and other payments. • • • Writing of cash / bank books. Preparation of Bank reconciliation statement. Safe custody of cash, cheque book, revenue stamp & other documents like bank guarantees, fixed deposit receipts and investment etc. • Reconciliation of inter transfer of funds transaction.

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80% of the payment will be made during the agreement. If C-form is producing or submitted the right of royalty and exercise duty would be 4%. VVN. then the bills will sent to cash section for payment. Minor bills. 1. in that case managing director has power to process the bill.INST OF MGT . C-form is issued only after receiving the goods. In bills section the terms and conditions based on the agreement are verified and if they are found to coincide with inspection report. if the goods are being transported by railways. In case of delay in supply of goods. Bills department ensure that the bills amount are not exceeds the budgeted amount. Agreement is made on Rs. Major bills. 2. otherwise 12%. 100/stamp papers. In the department bills are divided in to two types. the bill department is not having power to process the bill.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Bills department Bills department concerned with the verification of bills relating to expenses after verification. payment will be made only on receiving the goods. Major Bills Major bills stands for amount payable for suppliers to supply goods to the power generating units according to the predetermined agreements.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 27 . goods are transported roadways. In case. at the site. penalty of 10% on the purchase work is demanded. If bills amount exceeds the budgeted amount. the quality and quantity of goods are verified and inspection report will be sent to the bills section. the bills will be sent to cash section for payment.

Reconciliation of balance of head offices with Banks. computer maintenance expenses. KPCL involves two types of Budget. office expenses printing and stationary. debenture.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 28 .INST OF MGT . Budget refers to forecast of future need. telephone bill. BUDGETING REVENUE BUDGET CASH BUDGET VVN. repayment of loan amount and debenture. Budget department Budgeting is nothing but the blue print of the future needs of the company.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Minor Bills The minor bills include:• • Payment of interest of loan. • • Payment of director’s fee and remuneration. Payment of rent.

Cash budget It is helpful in estimating each requirement. • • • • • • Establishment and general expenses. planning short term financing and scheduling payments in connection with capital expenditure project. offers its clients a wide spectrum of consultancy inputs across the complete cycle of power project development.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Revenue Budget The revenue budget mainly focuses on the sales revenue and the associated costs to generate the power. AUTOCAD – 2006. with a host of exclusive auxiliary services. Fuel and chemicals. Depreciation. planning purchase of materials. micro station and in house developed software packages for reservoir operation.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 29 . Stability of Dams etc. an offshoot of its core competency.INST OF MGT . Financial charges the outstanding loans. It has the expertise in analysis and design of structures using STADPRO – 2006. Royalty paid for water use. It can also operate the plant on an EPC basis. The power generation is budgeted on the basis of average of last ten years sales and expenses on the basis of previous year actual and estimation received from different departments. Operation and maintenance. KPCLs Consultancy and Engineering Services Division. NISA – Finite Element package. Consultancy Department KPCL today has the capability to undertake large scale power projects from concept to commissioning. VVN.

Karnataka Power Corporation Limited These include • • • Feasibility studies / evaluation and the compilation of detailed project reports Design. Engineering. These rules shall come in to force from 20th July 1970.INST OF MGT .TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 30 . VVN. The fund shall be deemed to have been established on and from 20th July 1970. including handling of international competitive bids Project Management from project scheduling to preparation of final invoice and certification. electrical. Pension department The employee pension scheme 1995 (statutory). Supervision of erection. commissioning and operation of civil. Operation and maintenance services. procurement and construction services Consultancy on both Thermal and Hydel Power Stations. This scheme shall come into force on 16 th day of November 1995. Rehabilitation of dams in distress Renovation. mechanical systems and equipment. modernization and updating of hydro stations Overall project and performance management. The regional provident fund commissioner decision is final regarding interpretation of any rule and it must be carried out by both the trustees and the member of the fund. The central Govt established “THE EMPOLYEES PENSION SCHEME 1995” through the employee’s provident fund and miscellaneous provision Act 1952. • • • • • • Provident Fund department Karnataka power corporation Ltd employee’s contributory provident rules.

Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Internal Audit Department Internal Audit in KPCL a statutory requirement as per GOI order of 1975 was established in KPCL in 1977 was earlier under the charge of financial adviser for a quite long. In order to cover the risk and maintenance KPCL has taken out insurance policy with many companies. The risky projects among all power generating project are RTPS in order to cover all those risks while operating all those insurance policies covered under RTPS can be classified: 1. Construction.INST OF MGT . 2. Boiler explosion policy.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 31 . but now not exist separate wing since 1986 is headed by chief manager (internal audit) and report to M.D KPCL has 5 audit units. Insurance department Insurance is a service of an undertaking taken in order to over come or setoff the losses or damages while operating the business. Terrorism. VVN. Maintenance • • • Standard fire and special perils.

INST OF MGT .Karnataka Power Corporation Limited HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT CHART OF HRD Managing Director H R Director General Manager HR DGM (HRD-1) Workers AGM (HRD) DGM (HRD-1) Workers AGM (HRD) Personnel Officer Personnel Officer Junior Personnel Officer/ Office Manager Junior Personnel Officer/ Office Manager Senior Asst Administrator Senior Asst Administrator VVN.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 32 .

on the job training appraisals and proper channels of promotion help KPCL get personnel of the finest quality. administrators and supporting staff of KPCL joining hands to give more power to Karnataka. and their happiness lies in the future of KPCL.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited KPCL believes that its true investment lies in its workforce. they should be managed/developed to attain higher level of performance this can be done by developing their skills and motivating them. it therefore strives to make every effort to promote a work culture that enable an employee to give his very best. induction. Employee participation in decision making negotiations has enabled the employee to develop a sense of belongingness and in turn contributes to the progress of the organisation. As the organisation is made up of people. KPCL has a dedicated of 2287 professionals. Human resource department concerned with managing/developing people. which share the vision of the KPCL technocrats. A high professional approach to recruitment. VVN.INST OF MGT .TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 33 . This helps the organisation to achieve its objective.

of manpower 2287 3788 6075 HRD MISSION A congenial work environment supportive of high performance leading to attainment of HRD in KPCL. KPCL’s strength is its people.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited STAFF OF KPCL Particular Corporate: Workmen: Total: % of manpower 37. Maintaining optimum staff level nurturing and developing talents. empowerment.INST OF MGT . In its journey to achieve excellence.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 34 . Functions of the Human Resource Department: RECRUITMENT: VVN. KPCL is focusing on every aspect and area of work with the trust area being the development of its human resource. trust.64% 62.36% 100% No. concern for people and reward and key elements of congenial work environment which is dynamic.

IN-HOUSE TRAINING PROGRAMMES • • • • • • • Corporate excellence through co-operation and collaboration. VVN.07 lakhs.INST OF MGT . During the year 2008-09 in house and external training 92 programs were conducted totally 1151 employees consisting of 1031 corporate and 120 non-corporate cards benefited from the training was Rs.41. BPR and bench marking. • • TRAINING Every year the corporation the training program for the benefit of the employees and the company. Written test through IIsc. from among whom the right people can be selected. Total quality management. About 4500 applications received online. Online Recruitment: • • • 200 Engineers recruited in 2005 Website notification.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited It is the process of finding and attracting capable applicants for employment. Motivating and goal setting. Company a/c’s and accounting standards. Interview/selection finalized in about 3 months.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 35 . Performance management. Managing conflict for organisation excellence. It is the process of searching for and obtaining applicants for jobs.

Conference on the condition monitoring of plant and equipment. Renewable energy source and energy audit.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 36 . International conference on civil engineering. reviewing authority and accepting authority. Earthquake resistance design of dams. KPCL decided to introduce a new system called performance appraisal and development system in the corporation. In KPCL once in year the performance appraisal will be sent to the entire department in order to know the appraisal of employees. It will be measured by immediate supervision. team and research. TRANSFER VVN. Seminar on instrumentation engineering practice. EXTERNAL TRAINING PROGRAMMES • • • • National seminars on utilization of fly ash.INST OF MGT . • • • • PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL To ensure greater objectivity in appraising the performance of employees and also taking in to account the present day practices in professionally managed organisation.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited • Attitudinal shift through self development. Role of energy efficiency in the Indian energy sector. The PADS will apply to all the employees in the corporation cards. National seminar views of the future civil engineering in 21st century.

INST OF MGT .Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Transfer of an employee from one place of work to another place of work or one job to another job is ordered primarily in the interest of the service of the corporation. majority of employees retiring under the pension and allied schemes. Transfer and non-transfer. Request of an employee for transfer is given consideration and acted upon if it is in consonance with the interest of the service of the corporation. Transfer also aims at rotation of employees among relate jobs of the discipline to which the employee belongs. few employees retiring under contributory provident fund schemes prevailing them. thereby enabling the employee to acquire wider knowledge and experience in the discipline.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 37 . however is not a matter of right for any employee. a scheme exempted. VVN. Transfer may arise due to: • • • • • Administrative grounds suitability Higher studies Medical grounds Joining spouse RETIREMENT The corporation has multiple schemes of retirement benefits of its employees. KPCL has right to transfer any employee from one place to another place with in the country.

VVN. Medical facilities. Canteen. House journal. Consumer co-operative society.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited WELFARE ACTIVITIES The HR Department is in charge of all the welfare activities in the organisation. LOANS House building / purchase / repairs improvement and extension advance may be granted to the employees of KPCL for his bonafide. Sports and games. The welfare activities under taken by KPCL are:• • • • • • • • • School recreation..INST OF MGT . Loan assistance for the personal computer. Cultural activity. • • • Vehicle advance to the employers and employees. club. Festival advance to the employees of the corporation. residential purpose only.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 38 . Literacy programmes. Libraries and reading rooms.

TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 39 .Karnataka Power Corporation Limited SAFETY MEASURES Providing conveyance and other facilities to the employees involved in the accident while on duty or service. Death of employee while on service. • • • • VVN. Lost homage. Free conveyance.INST OF MGT . Retention. • • Accidents resulting in minor injuries / service injuries. Fatal accidents while on duty.

These are four type of power generation by KPCL and they are:1. DIESEL POWER STATION: . At present RTPS’s (Raichur Thermal Power Station) 8th unit. In these case KPCL is well known in Asia and world this form power generation contributes 31% of total power generation. THERMAL: In this type of power generation KPCL produces the power by using coal and fuel as raw material. This form of power generation contributes only 1% of total power generation Ex:Kappatagudda wind farm. 4. BTPS (Bellary Thermal Power Station) thermal plants are under construction. This form of power generation contributes 68% of total power generation Ex: sharavathi valley project. Ex: RTPS which have 7 units. KPCL has many track records in Thermal power production. HYDEL: In this case KPCL produce the power by using the water as raw material it has constructed 34 Dams for Hydel power generation. VVN.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 40 .INST OF MGT .Karnataka Power Corporation Limited PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT For a power Generation Company a good production team is necessary. KPCL is having a very good production department with highly skilled labour. They recruit experience professionals. These production teams are placed at project sites with adequate facilities. They upgrade technology on a continuous basis. Today KPCL owns and operates 34 Dams and nearly 25 Power houses. 2.A diesel generator is the combination of a diesel engine with an electrical generator (often called an alternator) to generate electric energy. WIND: It is also one type of power generation where KPCL produce power by using the wind. kalinadi hydro electric project 3. KPCL gives them adequate training in order to update them with latest techniques and with new skills. Diesel generating sets are used in places without connection to the power grid or as emergency power-supply if the grid fails.

Ex: .35 MW to 1035 MW.Yelahanka Diesel generating station KPCL currently has 34 dams & 25 power stations across the State with profiles that range from 0. VVN. . this type of power generation is very costly.32 capacities in MW.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 41 . KPCL’s Diesel power station is situated in Yelahanka. it costs nearly Rs. The total installed capacity logged by KPCL is 55739. total installed capacity is 127. renovations and upgrading of existing plants.92.83 MW across a project canvas that covers expansions.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited KPCL has 6 units and 21.10 per unit and used only for emergency purpose.INST OF MGT .

77 1.646 1.10 2.39 85.Consumption (%) Plant Load Factor (%) Specific Coal Consumption (KG/KWH) Specific Oil Consumption 2008-09 11717 13363 25080 11717 8.660 0.658 0.445 2005-06 9165 10724 19889 9165 8.18 0.647 0.21 2.68 83.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 42 .770 2007-08 10876 14737 25613 10875 8.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Generation performance Generation Thermal Diesel + Hydro + Wind Total Thermal Details Generation(MU) Aux.33 0.62 71.Yelahanka Hydel 7 1 6 210 500 21.741 2006-07 11484 15151 26635 11484 8.55 67.2009) Power Stations %Age Availability %Age Auxiliary Consumption Sharavathi Nagjhari Varahi 96.72 POWER HOUSES Power Station Thermal Raichur Bellary Diesel .INST OF MGT .22 89.10 95.90 0.17 0.66 84.45 0.736 2004-05 10730 8260 18990 10730 8.32 1470 500 127.92 No of Units MW Total Sharavathi VVN.643 0.599 (ML/KWH) Performance of Major Hydro Stations (2008 .

2 13.5 103.5 60 21.5 230 9 3 3 50 135 150 50 40 150 120 100 870 12 26 7.20 13.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Linganamakki Sharavathi Gerusoppa MGHE Jog 2 10 4 4 4 27.20 VVN.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 43 .20 Bhadra Right Bank 1 1 6 Bhadra Left Bank 2 1 2 Kalinadi Supa Nagjhari 2 2 4 Kadra Kodasalli Varahi Varahi Mani Other Ghataprabha Almatti 2 1 5 16 15 55 32 290 2 2 115 4.60 55 1035 240 139.INST OF MGT .

40 1 9 11 10 0.R & M Gundia High Lead Scheme Yermars Thermal PowerStation Yadgir Thermal Power Station Annehakanahalli Thermal Powe Station Kalguriki thermal Power Station Edlapur Thermal Power Station BTPS unit 3 VVN.230 500 500 1400 250 230 45 400 2x500 2x500 3x500 3x500 1x500 1x500 KPCL’S ONGOING AND NEW PROJECT 4.INST OF MGT .TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 44 14 Kudathini Thermal Power Station 3x500 .20 9 1 0.5 1 0.55 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Bellary Thermal Power Station Stage – I Bellary Thermal Power Station Stage – II Bidadi Combined Cycle P Raichur Thermal Power Station Unit – 8 Varahi Hydel Projects 3 & 4 Nagjhair Power House.225 CAPACITY (MW) 0.40 28 42 Shishma Mallapur Sirwar Kalmala Ganekal Wind NO Kappadagudda PROJECT 2 2 1 1 17.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Munirabad Shivanasamudram 2 4 6 9 6 3 8.6 4.

TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 45 . VVN. thus KPCL no need to carry out marketing its power generated. KPCL generates power directly sells to the KPTCL (Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Ltd). Its carries out transmission of power.INST OF MGT .Karnataka Power Corporation Limited MARKETING DEPARTMENT KPCL directly sells power to the particular customer that is KPTCL. it is a sub part of the KPCL.

it fulfilling market demand by joining hands with central government. commercial establishment.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 46 .Gulbarga Electricity Supply Company (HQ in Gulbarga) HESCOM.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited It’s producing ¾ of the demand offered by the KPCL.Mangalore Electricity Supply company (HQ in Mangalore) GESCOM.INST OF MGT . and other government under takes namely: BESCOM. industries etc. Private organisation and other companies.Hubli Electricity Supply Company (HQ in hubli) CESCOM.Chamundeshwari Electricity Supply Company (HQ in Chamundeshwari) COMPUTER DEPARTMENT (TECHNICAL) CHART OF TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT Managing Director VVN.Bangalore Electricity Supply Company (HQ in Bangalore) MESCOM. Within the KPTCL zone power is supplied to the households.

and printing of document.INST OF MGT . It is the first state utility in the power section to have established computerised satellite communication network.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Technical Director Executive Director Chief Engineer Superintend Engineer Executive Engineer Assistant Engineer Junior Engineer In KPCL.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 47 . internet. through V-SAT. The computerisation VVN. LAN is established at office in Bangalore and at all project sites. file sharing. whole organisation is computerised. and application software. LAN is used for E-mail.

All the projects are automated and they go online to rectify the problems in the project. Public Deposit. There 13 system engineers and 8 computer engineers catering according to KPCL. when the technology is being updated. LAN is also been installed at all project locations at Bangalore. Server etc. there are 18 projects at Bangalore carried on by KPCL employees. MIS. In 1996. so. in order to cater to all of them system department was organised.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited includes latest software like Auto-CAD. Wide Area Network (WAN) has been installed connecting 9 projects with use of V-SAT at Bangalore.INST OF MGT . Oracle.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 48 . Design. They train their staff whenever required. i. The software developed with in KPCL deals with –Finance. KPCL started a full-fledged computer services department.e. Windows NT. There are around 750 computers in the organisation at Bangalore. The Hi-Tech V-SAT network apply called “SHAKTHINET” was commissioned during June 1997. developed 2000. The whole organisation is computerised. VVN. and Provident Fund. Administration. as information is required for any company to set up and also to work. MIS plays a vital role in KPCL.

INST OF MGT .a satellite based communication network through V-SATs among all its power stations and Bangalore. The computer services department of KPCL with fully dedicated engineers and software professionals has developed and implemented all the software required for its business activities and is geared to offer consultancy services in the field of software development and networking.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited KPCL is a highly IT Savvy company among the public sector units in the state at large and power sector in particular and has the distinction of being the first state owned company in the power sector to have established SHAKTINET. Local Area Networks have been established at all Project locations and about 800 officials have been wired to corporate office with reliable VSAT back bone. Some of the software developed in-house are: VVN.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 49 . All the activities of the corporation are computerized and KPCL has the unique distinction among power utilities of establishing voice and data communication between its projects and Bangalore through the new generation DAMA V-SATS on KPTCL’s "VIDYUTNET".

• Providing reliable communication facility at major project locations through Fiber Optic Cabling using state of the art technology. VVN. Bangalore for real time data monitoring. Established Video Conferencing facility at Major project locations.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited • • • • • • • • • Fuel Management system Human resource Information System Cash and Compilation Management system Establishment Integrated Inventory Management System Public Deposit System Generation Management System Billing software for Bellary Thermal power station Medicine Procurement system New Initiatives • Established 2 MBPS MPLS circuits between Bangalore and two of its major projects via Raichur Thermal Power Station and Bellary Thermal power station for speedy communication.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 50 .INST OF MGT . Exploring possibilities of establishing SCADA facility at corporate office. The computer services department has set for itself very high standards and firmly believes that "It is not the IT Infrastructure of a few crores that needs to be managed but the business that gets transacted over the network that needs to be managed". • • • Extension of the above facility to other project locations in the near future.

KPCL has also adopted a definite policy that blends and harmonizes ecological balance even as it upholds human rights. Keeping this in mind. at any time.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENT “We have not inherited the earth from our parents. pollution monitoring at power stations and implementation of specific environment projects. it undertakes a comprehensive environmental impact study. While carrying out its primary task of power generation. Sustainable development has little value with out environmental protections. KPCL is constantly and consciously striving to return to the environment whatever the organisation borrows from it.INST OF MGT . which in real sense means improving quality of human life. ecological imbalance and human health. VVN. Every time KPCL implements a power project. Believing in this credo and translating this belief into action. KPCL is stringently adhering to its comprehensive environment action plan that covers systematic strengthening of environment management. to examine the impact of the proposed project on the environment. The modern civilization is looking for sustainable development. We have borrowed it from out children”. and much depends on healthy environment development can not be achieved at the cost of environmental destruction.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 51 .

The following innovative and new measures to aid the process of environment control have been put in place: • • • • • • • • A unique Ayurvedic greenhouse has been developed at Kadra Project. Installation of Electro Static Precipitators in Thermal Plants. Construction of colonies with least destruction to ecology. Environment Management Measure KPCL’s power generation blueprint has a clear-cut policy on environment management. Measures across the board to minimize pollution. Building in green-mapping concepts such as sustainable development. pollution monitoring and the implementation of specific environment projects. Sustainable development goes hand-in-hand with 'environment protection' KPCL has a comprehensive action plan in place that enables environment management. It also prepares an Environmental Management Plan complying with all the conditions stipulated by KSPCB/MOEF. All KPCL projects have the assurance of a comprehensive Environmental Impact Study to evaluate the impact of the project on the environment. provision of fish ladder. Fuel supply agreement with collieries to ensure high grade coal supplies. Eco-friendly control measures adopted such as controlled blasting.INST OF MGT .TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 52 . ash utilization and ash disposal. KPCL's Raichur Thermal Power Station has been accredited with ISO 14001 -2004 for its efforts towards environment protection management. constructing colonies with least destruction to ecology. installation of electro static precipitators in thermal plants. Fish fingerlings in power generation reservoirs to maintain aqua-balance. which creates the framework for improving the quality of life.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited KPCL also undertakes eco-friendly techniques like controlled blasting. Recycling of water from ash ponds for alternative use. ash emission control. • VVN. Monitoring measures for ash minimization. etc. particular care is also taken to minimise pollution.

KPCL has established a “Centre of Fly Ash Utilization Technology and Environment Conservation” at Raichur Thermal Power Station in consultation with Central Power Research Institute as consultant under Indo Norwegian Environmental Programme at a cost of Rs 58 million. Dams and Dykes. Embankments. the users have proposed transport of ash through rail by having a dedicated siding & this work is under progress. Presently. ARV Cement society. Total production of fly ash during 2006-07 was 17. Continuous monitoring of air quality in work environments & environment management measures. Asbestos sheets.5 lakh MT and 12. Fly ash utilization at RTPS is rapidly increasing and present utilization is 80% of the fly ash production.4. mosaic tiles etc. Fly ash is being issued free of cost to SSI units. technologies for the manufacture of construction materials like brick. in the above centre is manufacturing various Fly Ash products and are being utilized by them for housing.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited • • Modernization of sewerage treatment plant.14 lakh MT of fly ash was lifted. Fly Ash is issued free of cost • The approximate quantity of Fly Ash generated at Raichur Thermal Power Station from 7 units for the year 2004-05 is 16.2 & 7 M/s ACC has installed the necessary equipment for fly ash collection at their cost .TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 53 . brick manufacturing Units & Government construction buildings are also utilizing about 450 metric tones per day. Leading cement manufacturers in the country have tied up with KPCL for lifting fly ash to an extent of about 2500 metric tones per day. Fly ash Initiatives • MOEF/GOI has stipulated utilization of 100% Fly Ash generated at Thermal power stations for manufacturing ash based products like Bricks. Further.5. 60 to 65% of Fly Ash in a year • VVN. The operation and maintenance of silos and issue of fly ash to users from units 3. Evacuation of Fly Ash from RTPS KPCL has taken several steps to promote fly ash utilization as per MoEF notification. Besides several small. This centre will demonstrate various process.INST OF MGT .& 6 has been entrusted to M/s.0 lakh MT RTPS has the distinction of utilizing approx.scale industries. hollow concrete blocks. In respect of Units 1.

* Fly ash bricks utilized for construction of houses and station building ASH UTILISATION: 2004 – 2005 2003 – 2004 2002 – 2003 64.22.0 lakh tones Bottom ash (20%) 4.00 % VVN. * Established an R&D centre in 2002 with Norwegian aid for the utilization of Fly ash in the manufacture of ash based products.40 lakh tones Initiatives to utilize maximum Fly Ash from RTPS : * Agreement signed with major cement manufacturers like ACC and ARV society for production of puzzalona cement using Fly ash * The Fly ash is being transported through specially designed closed tankers by road * MOU between KPCL and major cement companies like ACC and ARV is under finalization for transportation of fly ash by rail in closed railway wagons to enhance the utilization * Fly ash has been issued to many SSI units for manufacture of Fly ash bricks. Raichur by extending financial aid for carrying out R&D on utilization of Fly ash in the agricultural sector.82 % 56.INST OF MGT . * Associated with the University of Agricultural Sciences.73 %) Fly ash (80%) 16.10 lakh tones Ash content .00 % 31.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 54 .02 lakh tones (Weighted ash content 31.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited • • • • • Total coal consumed during 2004 – 2005 69. asbestos sheets etc. * Pond ash is being used for construction of roads.

Corporate Image building in news-paper and magazines released on important occasions. The main aim of corporate communication is image building. VVN. • • • Constant upgrading the image of the company and maintain cordial relations with opinion makers and pressure group etc.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 55 . functions and Seminars. district festivals. Develops relevant literature and documents of the Company. Corporate film produced and screened. Functions of Corporate communication • • • • • Various publications have been brought out Media Relations – maintaining good rapport with Print & Electronic Media. Sports meet were organized House magazine “Shakthi Vahini” being published regularly to maintain internal relation and motivating the hidden talents of employees.INST OF MGT . educational institutions and hospitals.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited CORPORATE COMMUNICATION Corporate communication is playing a vital role in KPCL. Enhance the image of KPCL through various sponsorships and financial assistance to temples. sports personnel and blind Association/orphanages as Community service measures. • • • Organised various meetings.

Availability of abundant coal reserves and water resource are boon to power sector.INST OF MGT .TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 56 .  Growing demand for the power. Availability of highly skilled technical personnel in large numbers has helped to implement these plans effectively.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited SWOT ANALYSIS STRENGTHS:  Availability of resources: Generally the power generation in India is based on natural resources.000 MW. Indian power sector has responded positively to the increasing demand for the power throughout the country from all sectors due to industrialisation and irrigation facilities VVN. Emergence of strong and globally comparable central utilities (NTPC.  High potential: Indian power sector have the vast hydro electric potential of producing 150. Power Grid) has helped the growth of power sector.  Effective planning and implementation: Indian power sector have expertise in integrated and co-ordinated (CEA and Planning Commission).

Karnataka Power Corporation Limited WEAKNESS  Inadequate infrastructure: Inadequate infrastructure has lead to inadequate power generation and thus under utilisation of available resource. VVN.INST OF MGT .  Under utilisation of capacity: Under utilisation of the existing generation capacity in present projects has decreased the profitability.  Fluctuating monsoon: Untimely monsoon causes water scarcity in the country affecting the generation of power and leads to power cuts and load shedding.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 57 .  Interstate disputes: Improper water management and interstate water disputes are wasting valuable water resource there by reducing the production efficiency.  Ineffective power administration: Ineffective power administration leading to power thefts and inefficient use of electricity by the end consumer decreases the revenue.

This contributes to growth of power sector.  Monopoly in power sector: KPCL being the state monopolist in power generation holds tremendous growth opportunities in the field of investigation.  Largest power markets: Potentially.INST OF MGT .  Subsidies given by government: Subsidies are given by government for the generating companies to encourage power generation and supply.  Explore other source of energy: KPCL has opportunity to explore other source of energy like wind based and solar power projects.  Consultancy business: As KPCL is venturing into consultancy business which is still at growing phase. Indian power sector is one of the largest power markets in the world. Growing demand for the power from all sectors of economy like agriculture. construction. design.  Rural electrification: VVN. service. manufacturing.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited OPPORTUNITIES  Investment opportunities: Investment opportunities for private people are increasing because of increasing demand for the power. company can look for bright future.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 58 . generation and maintenance of power projects.

etc.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Government has shown concern rural electrification.INST OF MGT . Reliance Energy. Schemes like Bhagya jyothi scheme. Excess involvement of government in decision making affects the industry. in the field of power. VVN.  Entry of private players: With the advent of economic reforms and liberalization.  Bad debts: Increasing bad debts due to non payment of electricity bills by poor people and power thefts. which aims to power to the poor families at cheaper rate. there is an open gate policies for private participants like TATA Power.  Rise in prices: Increase in political of coal due to increase in demand and transportation cost leads to increase cost of production of Thermal power. THREATS  Uncertain government policies: Changes in political environment affect the government policies.  Interstate water disputes: The interstate water sharing disputes have halted the smooth functioning of many projects.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 59 . GMR.

 The promotion scheme in KPCL is mostly based on seniority.  The financial performance of the company is good compare to previous financial year  The investors are getting good returns.  The training given in KPCL is serving the purpose that is employees are improving the performance on the job.  The canteen facility provided should be improved so that the employees work efficiency and their by to improve the productivity of the organisation.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 60 .  The employees are satisfied very much with good benefits.  The organisation is providing good leave facility to its employees.  More training and development is required. VVN.INST OF MGT .  The co-ordination between management and workers is good.  Since the employees felt that there is disturbance at work place due to noise necessary steps should be taken to remove it.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited FINDINGS  The organisation is reimbursing the medical bills on time.

 Generation of more power from natural sources which again depends on research and development.INST OF MGT .  The factory should make the arrangement of pay to the middle men at the proper time.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited SUGGESTION  KPCL has both expertise and experience in power generation. cost can be minimised. Hence.  More awareness program and other such events at places where power project are to be constructed. the organisation can focus on research and development activities leading to innovative methods of power generation.  The company has to improve number of power station.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 61 . The co has scope to improve on layout facility. VVN.  By generating more and more wind power.

VVN. It has been a long and rewarding journey for KPCL ever since its establishment in the year 1970. investigation.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 62 . execution and effective operation and large power projects. these by meeting the challenges of the rising energy demands of Karnataka. The study gives details about the departments. its operation. design. the expertise it has developed and the skills it has honed. coordination and functioning in detail.INST OF MGT . KPCL takes great pride in the experience it has gathered. Especially in planning. An excellent HR department coupled with innovation in technology and motivated staff further have led to the uplift the organisation. Today. KPCL has completed power projects in record time by compromising on quality of infrastructure and power generation.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited CONCLUSION The organizational study helps to analyze the functioning of the overall organization and to check out the strengths and weakness of the company. The company is giving major preference to quality in its operation The company is having a very narrow distribution channel.

However I would see a greated mismatch from the theory and practice. acquired good knowledge about the Karnataka Power Corporation limited. marketing. Where I had a chance to see what I have learnt in my theory classes. I have come to know that the theoretical concept which I have studied in my MBA has been implemented in practice in the industry. Human resource. Finance and Agriculture.KARNATAKA POWER CORPORATION LTD As part of this program.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited MY LEARNING EXPERIENCE It was great opportunity to do the In-plant training /Organization study in one of the Manufacturing company.INST OF MGT .TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 63 . During my study I have visited almost all the department like Research and Development. I thank the university and the college for providing this kind of an exposure. Technical technology. VVN.

karnatakapower.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 64 . KPCL’s 38th Annual Report 2007-2008 VVN. www. BOOKS REFERRED: • • • • Human Resource Management – By Ashwathappa. Magazines in KPCL.k Financial Management – By Prasanna Chandra.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited BIBLOGRAPHY Web sites: www.in-Official.powermin.com –KPCL Company website.nic.website of Indian Ministry of power.INST OF MGT .

Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Appendix FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE Financial result For the year ended March 31.& prior period adjustments Profit before tax Provision for Tax Deferred tax Profit after tax 250 29 15 206 306 3651 2624 1027 777 3434 316 3750 2751 999 628 371 77 -28 322 VVN. 2008 (Rs.INST OF MGT . in crores) Gross income from Sale of 3345 energy Other income Total Income Operating expenditure Operating profit Finance Charges. Depn. in crores) For the year ended March 31.TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 65 . 2007 (Rs.

TECH & RESEARCH B’LORE Page 66 . Generation Generation during the year was 25613 mus as against 26635 mus during the previous year on account of higher hydel generation.22.250 crores as against Rs.INST OF MGT . Dividend A dividend of Rs.42 per share in previous years has been proposed. The total dividend outgo will be Rs. 371 crores during the P previous year.3434 crores during the previous year.Karnataka Power Corporation Limited Graphical Representation of Financial Performance Profit  rofit before tax during the year was at Rs. Turnover Turnover during the year was Rs. VVN.87 crores.3345 crores as against Rs.14. on account of higher generation in thermal & hydel stations.

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