Listening and Speaking

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Listening and
Speaking
Kathy Gude
NEW EDITION
OXFORD
UNIVERSITY PRESS
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Acknowledgements
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p. 23, 24, 24, 30
The Publisher and author would also like to thank all those who
participated in the research and development of the book. In particular
the following for their valuable advice:
Caroline Coate. Sara Evans/Cultura Inglesa Copacabana.
Angela ffrench, Diane Fleming, Rosalie Kerr, Ann Whitfield,
Jennifer Whyte, Simon Williams.
THEEXAM
LISTENING: CAE PAPER 4
Format
The Listening Test COI1SIStS of 4 listening
texts: Parts 1, 2, :3 and 4. These texts
differ in lonqth and test listening skills
through a variety of question types ego
note-taking, sentence completion,
multiple matchinq, Identifying statements
speakers made, and multiple choice
questions.
Timing
Tile Listening Test takes about 45
mmutos and contains between 30 and
40 questions. You hear Parts 1, 3 and !)
twice, whereas you hoar Part 2 only
once.
What you have to do
You have tune to read throuqh each
task before you listen to tho recorded
text. As you liston. you must wr.te your
answers 011 a q.iostio.: paper thon
SPEAKING: CAE PAPER 5
transfer them to an answer sheet. You
Will have tell minutes for this transferral
at the elld of the test.
What is being tested
The Listening Test requires you to lister
for both global and specific Information.
Parts 1 and 2 test your umJerstandlng
and application of specific Illformatiorl
from the text. Part 3 tests your
understanding of gist. attitude and
directly stated information. Part 4 tests
your understandinq of context. op.ruon,
speaker Identity. etc.
A note on spelling
When writllig aoswers. you arc expecteeJ
to spell correctly. [Jut you are not
pcnafzed for the wronq spelllllg of a
proper IIOUll If you write an acceptable
alternative.
How this book will help you
The book gives you practice III listeninq
to each other in class. to the teacher
and to tile cassette recoroinqs. These
recordings differ in lellgHl. I.e. from short
sncpcts of conversation to longer talks
and conversations. and tile speakers
have a rallge of accents. all of which Will
Ilelp to build your conuoeico III
illterpretillg what you 110ar III the exam
Itself. The book gives you useful advice
ard practice for writing notes and
processmo information willie you listen,
ard it helps you to decide what to listen
for. ,1I1d to Illterpret meaning doponoont
on Intollatlon. stress patterns. rhvthm.
Juncture alKJ phonoloqv. Thoro am also
manv differellt task types wnich prepare
yOll for what vou rmoht find III the exam
Format
Tho Speakinq Test is conducted by two examiners. one of
whom acts as Assessor. the other as lnterlocutor iHle
speakinq exanuner: You are examined in pairs. or occasior-ailv
ill a qroup of three, snould there be an odd number of
candidates III an examining session. The-e are 4 Parts In tile
Speaking Test. In eacr of these Parts, you respond to Visual
or spoken prompts which are desiqned to elicit different
spoakinq skills.
Timing
The Test takes 15 minutes for a pair of candidates.
What you have to do
In Part 1, you are given an opportunity to Interact socially. Part
2 gives each of you an individual tum of one minute (this is
known as a long transactional turn). In Part 3. you take part in
a problem-solving task together. In Part 4, the discussion
related to Part 3 is widened and the examiner Joins in.
What is being tested
Throughout the test you are being assessed on your Grammar
and Vocabulary, Discourse Management. Pronunciation and
Interactive Communication. You are given a mark for each
category, plus a mark for Global Achievement by the
Interlocutor.
A note on Discourse Management
Tnis is your ability to combine your language and ideas to
produce connected speech. It refers to 'Illtemal COrH)rellCe',
which conveys your ability to orqamze your sontonces usinq,
c.q. llilk words. pronours. reterenco devices, to express
yourself effectively and communicate your message
A note on task achievement
HlO attempt to complete the tasks is assesseel. not arr.vinq at
a 'riqht ' answer Within tne time available.
A note on pronunciation
Examiners do not expect you to have a 'perfect' Engllsll
accent' However. they do expect you to speak clearly and
unarnbiqr.ouslv so that what you say ISeasly LIIlClerstooej
How this book will help you
The book covers, in a systematic ano comprchousivo way, HlE)
skills you need to listen and speak. and also to process allel
exchange Information while you are doing so By analvsr.iq tile
Function Files you can develop an awareness of what an
appropriate comment would be. and tlletl use It ill context
This book helps you to handle prom.nciation features it.e
stress. rhythm Juncture and phonoloqy) effectively, thus
preventing allY breakdown In ccrnrnurcatio-i. Furthermore.
successful task completion in the exam depends on your
beillg able to produce the rrght kind of language III an
appropriate way. The book helps you to do this by fOCUSlllg on
register, SOCial Interaction, structure and vocabulary at each
successive stage of the Speaking Test
3
CONTENTS
iHE BOOK
Aims
The Modules are designed to help you
acquire and practise in a systematic and
comprehensive way the skills you need
to do your best In both the Speaking
and tile Listening Tests.
Contents
Advanced Llstenmg and Speaking (CAE)
consists of 21 self-contained Modules
which you can use either as a
supplemmt to a course book or as part
of a skills course. The 'stand-alone'
Modules can be used in any order,
depending on your individual needs and
interests, apart from Module 1A Getting
to know you, which is intended to be
used at tile beginning of a course. Each
Module is designed to take about 30 to
40 minutes, depending on the number
of students in your class, and the
number of activities you do.
Organization
There are six sets of Modules. For easy
reference, the odd-numbered groups
have particular (but not exclusive) focus
on Paper 5, while the even-numbered
sets focus on Paper 4. Each Module
deals with one Part of these Papers. For
example, Modules 1C/O and 3C/0
concentrate on Paper 5, Parts 3 and 4;
Modules 2B and 4B concentrate on
Paper 4 Part 2
Exam practice
At the end of each Module in the first
four sets, there is an exam-type
exercise. The last two sets provide a
bank of tasks for Papers 5 and 4
respectively, recycling the material in the
first four sets. You can use the tasks in
the bank either to supplement the
activities in the earlier Modules, or for
exam practice.
Special features
The first four sets of Modules (1 A to 40)
are Interspersed with exam hints and
Function File Cards containing
expressions and phrases for you to
analyse, then use while you are taking
part in the speaking activities.
The book at a glance
Spotlight on Paper 5 Speaking
Modules 1A, 1B, 1C/O
Modules 3A, 3B, 3C/0
Task Bank Modules 5A, 5B, 5C/0
Spotlight on Paper 4 Listening
Modules 2A, 2B, 2C, 20
Modules 4A, 4B, 4C, 40
Task Bank Modules 6A. 6B, 6C, 60
FUNCilON FILE INDEX
Admitting that you might be Describing similarities and Preferences 17
mistaken 20 differences 13 Saying something is
Advising someone (not) to do Disagreeing politely 19 (in)appropriate 59
something 32 Feelings Saying something is or isn't
Agreement Explaining how you feel about fashionable 60
Asking if someone agrees 54 something 56 Saying you are interested 58
Finding out if everyone agrees 21 Giving yourself time to think 49 Saying you aren't interested 59
Arguing against 63 Interpreting past ideas 44 Saying you aren't sure 75
Arguing for 62 Linking contrasting ideas 49 Saying you'd like to 75
Asking someone to repeat Opinions Saying you'd rather not 75
something 52 Asking for the opinion of Speculating 10
Certainty, possibility and others 16 Speculating about what you
improbability 43 Giving your opinion 16 hear 23
Choosing 60 Putting forward another point Spelling 25
Commenting on something you of view 33 Summing up 58
know nothing about 21 People Wishes and regrets 47
Comparing 55 Finding out about people 8
Correcting what is not accurate 35 Finding out if people know
Describing location 13 each other 6
Introductions 7
4
43
1 SPEAKING
Module 1A Getting to know you 6
Meeting and finding out about people, introductions,
personal questions, vowel sounds, recognizing
names.
Module 1B People and places 10
Speculating, describing, word stress,
comparing and contrasting.
Module 1C/O Jobs and training 16
Exchanging opinions, expressing preferences,
personal information, sound discrimination,
reaching an agreement, developing the interaction.
2 LISTENING
Module 2A Sorry, I didn't quite catch that! 23
Coping with accents and background noise,
making informed guesses, recognizing words,
evaluating differences, spelling.
Module 2B Leisure activities and holidays 29
Making assumptions, word stress, interpreting
and rephrasing information, giving advice, identifying
recycled information, putting forward another point of
view.
Module 2C Mind over matter 34
Interpreting unusual information, making notes while
listening, listening for key information.
Module 20 Today's technology 38
Interpreting visual information, interpreting attitudes,
identifying speakers, sound discrimination,
matching information to speakers, anticipating what
you are going to hear.
3 SPEAKING
Module 3A What if...?
Past and future: degrees of certainty, predicting,
hypothesizing, word stress, expressing wishes and
regrets.
Module 3B Yesterday and today 48
Comparing and contrasting, describing differences
in attitude, variable word stress, asking for
clarification, asking if someone agrees.
Module 3C/0 Art and culture 58
Expressing interest and taste, making a choice,
arguing for and against, collaborating.
4 LISTENING
Module 4A Achievements
Listening for precise information, interpreting in
depth, predicting, recognizing words in context,
following a line of development.
Module 4B Survival
Relating what you see to what you hear,
evaluating arguments, identifying recycled
information, spelling, variable word stress, saying
how you feel.
Module 4C A question of gender
Evaluating preconceptions, listening for facts and
figures, interpreting information, using notes,
matching sounds to spellings.
Module 40 Points of view
Understanding different points of View,
homophones, identifying speakers, identifying
points speakers are making, spelling.
5 PAPER 5 TASK BANK
Task bank 5A
Six activities for Paper 5, Part 1
Task bank 5B
Twelve activities for Paper 5, Part 2
Task bank 5C/0
Six activities for Paper 5, Parts 3 and 4
6 PAPER 4 TASK BANK
Task bank 6A
Four activities for Paper 4, Part 1
Task bank 6B
Four activities for Paper 4, Part 2
Task bank 6C
Four activities for Paper 4, Part 3
Task bank 60
Four activities for Paper 4, Part 4
66
71
76
81
86
88
91
96
98
100
104
5
SPEAKING
Getting to know you
People and places
Jobs and training
Spotlight on Paper 5 Part 1
1.0 l!J Finding out if people know each other
In groups of three or four take it in turns to find out if the other students knew
each other before starting this course, If they did, find out how long they have
known each other and where they first met. Before you start, refer to the
Function File card,
FINDING OUT IF PEOPLE KNOW EACH OTHER
Which expressions sound too formal for this situation?
Which expressions do you feel are the most appropriate?
6
Questions
//1/1'(' 1/011
/)0 1/011 kuou: ('1/c!1 otlu-r:
/11/1'(' 1/011 Ill'olw('1I int n ulu cct]?
/)id 1/011 kuou: ('1/('/1 01111'1'
h('/i)/'(, '/011 ! ('1/111(' 101111' ('II/ss
I/I/d 1/011 )11('/ ('(/('11 01111'1'
h('/i!/'(, 1/011 ist cnt cd th»:
1/00l' lou!.!. I iii 1'1' 1/011 lcuouu
('1/1-{/ otltcr:'
Replies
\\ '1' 111('/ cru]! ollll'r/iu'lllI'/il'sl
l irnrtothn].
'\'1"1'(' kuouu ('1/('11 (1IIII'r/()1'
l uo I/I'I/I'I!, situr, 11'1' 11'1'1'1' 1/1
Ic!/ool !,
\\ ·I'.fi rs! 11/1'1 /rI/I'1I u:
,\ '1'1/1/1'('11 '11wI'1I iut /'(Id,/('nl.
Getting to know you • Module 1A
2.0 0 Introducing yourself to others
Informal and formal language
Listen to three short conversations once and indicate their level of formality by
choosing a number from 1 to 5, where 1 is very informal and 5 very formal.
Conversation A
Conversation B
Conversation C
Compare your answers with a partner, Did you agree?
What made you decide on the level of formality? Who might the people in the
conversations be?
2.1 lIJ Deciding on levels of formality
Groupwork
Remembering what you heard in 2.0, what would be appropriate introductions in
these situations?
sp('aking on the- t('lephon(' to a sl'nic(' ('ngin('('r who will call OIl \011
tomorrow to re-pair vou r washing machine-
:? ('nqniring about \'0111' flight ticke-ts to i\1'\\' York whic-h Ila\I' no! .urivc«]
:3 h<'ing intIT\il,\\,('d lor a joh lJ\ souu-onc- YOIl lla\I' alr('al!l nil'! hril'fh
-1- talking to glll'StS at a Iormal climu-r party
.s nl('ding a frie-nd's II('W hovfric-nr] / girlfril'IHI
() introdllcing vourxr-]! to a 11('\\' n('ighhollr
Compare your decisions with those of another group,
2.2 lIJ Introducing other people
Levels of formality
INTRODUCING OTHER PEOPLE AND RESPONDING APPROPRIATELY
Match the introductions with suitable responses,
Which word is rarely used in spoken English but often in written Erlglish?
Why is it used?
Which expression sounds rather formal?
Introductions
rill Xlaria (11/(/ this is JAIl/is,
rill .UII/'iI, .\lOl/tCI/O (I1/r! tlii:
is IIl/j collc(lgl/c Louis Fcrrcuul,
Cood niorniug / (Iftcr/wol/ / ('[CI/il/g,
rill Dr, .\Jr, .UrI, su«, .Us, (11/{/
l icnulil lil« to introduce IjOI/
to IIl1j collcagu« Dr, .Ur, Sir». .Uiss,
.Us,
Responses
llo« do IjOI/ ilo?
u.n«
f)c/igllt('(/ to uutl«: 'I'"!!'
(IC(/1/ (I i 1/tu I uc:
Ili tIIIT(',' Good to SCC IjOII.'
p/c(lscd to II/('('t uou '
Can you add any other introductions and responses to the lists?
7
Module 1A • Speaking
The examiner will ask you to
identify yourself usually by saying
either 'You are ... 7' and waiting
for you to supply the answer, or by
asking 'Are you Maria / Louis ?' It
is enough to say either Maria
Manteno / Louis Ferrand in the
first case, or to answer Yes, (that's
right) in the second.
3.0
Write your full name and title, e.g. Miss or Ms Maria Manteno, Mr Louis Ferrand,
on a piece of paper and place it on the desk in front of you so that the other
students can see it.
In small groups take it in turns to introduce each other in the following roles. Use
appropriate expressions from the Function File card,
a potential clie-nts to a hank
h vour friends to vour hrother / sister
. .
c \'(JUr familv to vour child's te-ache-r
. ..
d vourxe-lve-s as caudiclatcs to an e-xamine-r
c some husint-ss colleagucs to vour
n Talking about yourself
Making notes
Listen once to a man introducing himself to a group of people. As you listen try
to remember and note down as many details as possible about what he says,
then compare your notes with a partner's.
Was the task challenging? Why?
3.1 lIJ Finding out about your partner
• career / studies.
• plans for the future.
Listening carefully and attentively
to what is being said will help you
to remember what you hear. Try
this tip for concentration training:
erase from your mind anything
which could distract you, e.g.
background noises, room
temperature, personal problems,
exam nerves, and focus your mind
exclusively on the task you have to
do.
8
FINDING our xeour PEOPLE
Which question might be considered an invasion of privacy?
Would any of these questions be considered an Invasion of privacy in your
country?
What kinds of questions would be considered an invasion of privacy in your
country?
Add more questions of your own to the list
\\'Iwre do '/011 Are ,/olill/llrrinl / elll.!,IIgnl
'''1/(/1 arc YOllr illleresis /
\\'1/(/1 do '/011 ellj()// doillg ill YOllrslwre time?
WIII/ ar« '/011 I'llilli/ilig
t». yOIl 1/(/[;(' ([111/ ,1)W/'iltl'T([I'OIl fill' I'llilli/illg
'''11111 do '/011 1'I/l(I,/ /
I!OIL' muc]: Illolley do '/011 earn?
'''h([1do l/olillOpe 10 do ill thcjuturc:'
Interactive skills
Give the teacher the piece of paper with your name on it (written for 2.2 above).
The teacher will pick out pairs of names at random. You have three or four
minutes to find out as much as possible about your new partner.
You could ask about their:
• background.
• interests.
• reasons for studying English.
3.2
Being able to ask questions will
help you in Part 1 of Paper 5.
Getting to know you • Module 1A
tIL Preparing a reference file of personal questions
In groups of three or four, produce a reference file of personal questions which
you could use to find out some information about your fellow students. Your
teacher will check your file for appropriacy and accuracy.
Personal questions
How long have you lived here?
Where do you work?
4.0 lIJ Improving your pronunciation
A With a partner, read out the words below and comment on the differences in
pronunciation and what might cause those differences. Don't worry if you don't
recognize the words - some of them don't exist! Just try and guess their
pronunciation.
hat lll't hit hot hut
:2 hate Ill'te bite- hot« hun-
:1 hatter lxttc-r hitter hotte-r Ililt!<' I'
-t hater lx-tc-r bite-r hotel' linte-r
Take it in turns to read out one of the words in each line and see if your partner
can recognize it.
B Read out one word from the pairs in columns 1 and 2 below and see if your
partner can identify which word you are saying.
1 2
ship sheep
hlip hkep
hip heap
knit neat
pitch peach
rich reach
ill ee1
miII n1('al
is ease
lin' lean'
4.1 0 Recognizing the names of people and places
Sound discrimination
Listen to six 'mini-conversations' and circle the names you hear on the tape.
1 Hurt Hart
:2 Wilt "'elt
:3 Manton Montou
-t Grasslands Cracelands
o Lowland Roland
6 Pond Bond
What about your own name? 00 people have problems spelling it?
Spell your own first name for the person sitting next to you then see if you can
spell their first name and family name.
9
Module 1B • Speaking
Remember, the second examiner,
the Assessor, does not take part
in the Speaking Test and is only
introduced briefly to the
candidates in Part 1.
lfJ Exam practice: social interaction
Divide into groups of four or five. (If there is an odd number of candidates for
the speaking test it is necessary to have one group of three candidates.) Take
the following roles. Allow three or four minutes for the interaction.
Two (or three) students: candidates A and B (and C)
One student: the 'talking' examiner (Interlocutor)
One student: the 'listening' examiner (Assessor)
Interlocutor:
Candidates:
Interloci ItOI':
Canrlidatc-s:
I ntc-rloci ItOI':
Candidates:
Assessor:
\\'cleonl(' the candidates and introduc-e voursr-lf and vour
, ,
col1eaglH'.
Hespond appropriatel\'.
C]]('ck tlu- ich-utit , of'the candidates.
Hcspond appropriateh.
Ask candidates r-ithr-r to kll von aliont or to find out aliout the
othe-r candidates,
lkspond as appropriutc-.
Clu-ck the- tinling.
Now reverse roles with the two examiners taking on the roles of candidates.
There are more Paper 5 Part 1 tasks in the Task bank on pages 86-88.
Spotlight on Paper 5 Part 2
1.0 lfJ Speculating
SPECULATING
Which expression sounds too formal for an exam situation?
Which sounds too off-hand and too Informal?
What IS the meaning of might. could and must in these expressions?
Add expressions of your own to the list.
... IIli:.!)11 / could / coul.l Icl'!l Iw) / 11/11.11 lu-»
\\'1U) kuou;':
TlIClj / /II' / sl/(' look: s; lil:« .
TlII'lj look a« if II/('Ij arc, ..
01/('1'111/ 'I rIlII' 0111 II/(' })()Isillilitlj 11/(/1.
Even if you haven't got a clue,
don't keep silent. Have a verbal,
not a mental, guess! You are not
being examined on your ideas -
just your ability to express them In
English.
10
The nine pictures opposite show three men as babies, teenagers and adults, but
the pictures have been mixed up. In pairs or groups, decide which pictures might
be of the same person.
People and places • Module 1B
Optional activity
Brrng in photographs of yourselves as babies or young children, place them all
together on a desk and see if you can guess which photograph belongs to
whoml
1.1 lfJ Describing people
Combine the words on the left with those on the right to make useful phrases for
describing people. How many of them can you use to descrrbe the people in the
pictures?
I hllsll\ a 111()ll.sta('lJ('
.J h ('IH'('ks
:3 c-url. c: ('\('S
-I oval )()IIIH! d hl1ild
'J ros\
() slim
- turmd-up
'i halldl('bar
Y \\1,11
10 of uu-duun
(' 110S('
I"ac('
C': huir
II ('\('])]"()\\S

lmil:
11
Module 1B • Speaking
1.2
In Part 2 of Paper 5, you will be
asked to talk about something for
one minute. Practising will help
you realize how much talking you
are able to do in this time.
2.0
12
lfJ_ Talking for one minute
Choose one set of pictures in 1.0 which you think are of the same person and
describe them to a partner, explaining how the person has changed physically
over the years.
Say what kind of job you think the person might have now and what he might be
like, e.g. easy-going, bad-tempered, organized, friendly. You can use your
imagination and speculate. The Function File card in 1.0 will help you. You have
about one minute for this. Your teacher Will tell you all when to start and finish.
After you have finished see if your partner agrees with your opinion, then listen to
your partner describing another person.
o Extracting information and drawing
Find the suspect
You will hear part of a radio news item about an armed robbery. As you listen to
a description of someone wanted in connection with the crime, try to sketch an
impression of the person in the empty box below.
WANTED
in connection with an armed robbery
Compare your drawing with a partner's and decide together what the character
of this person may be like and why the person might have become involved in
this robbery in the first place.
People and places • Module 1B
2.1 _lIJ Describing location and spotting similarities
and differences
Bank interiors (Pairwork)
DESCRIBING LOCATION
Which information would the examiner not be particularly interested In
hearing? Why not?
III IIIl' 1'1'1'/1 10/1/ bottom of IIII' pictur:
ill Ihe 10/1/Iwllo/ll righl- / lefi-IIII/ill corner
011 Ihe II·fi- / riglil-I/III/t/ sicl«
ill IIIl' fij'regrollllll /llIIekgrollllll
Ill'IJ ei'l/til/lI'lrn/imllllll' II:fi- / riglll-llI/lIIlsit/e
riotu tic»! 10
. i 1 l ~ 1 / II tuu, 10 tl«: riglll /Iefi 0(
t/iredlilo/i/iolile
DESCRIBING SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES
Which expression(s) could also be followed by with?
What other words could you add to replace those in brackets?
COI/IJIII ret/ 10
ill contrast 10
similar / 1I11110S/ identical to
sligldhl / eWII/lletely differel/tfrolll
(110/ ) as (splleiolls) as
less ( moclern, luxurious) tlutn
ill II sinular position to / diffi:rellt positionjrom
. . . ItIlS disllppellret/llltogetlzer
Student A
Look at the picture on the
right -hand side. It is the inside
of the bank where the robbery
mentioned in 2.0 took place
and it has recently been
modernized. Describe the layout
and facilities to your partner,
commenting on how you think
the modernization has improved
the interior of the bank. You can
use some of the expressions on
the Function File card to help
you describe the bank.
Student B
Look at the picture on the
left-hand side. It is a picture of
the same bank, where the
robbery took place, but the
sketch was drawn before the
bank was modernized. After
your partner has finished
describing the bank on the
right-hand side, explain how
your picture is similar or
different using some of the
expressions on the Function
File card.
13
Module 1B • Speaking
2.2 0 Extracting recycled information
The bank robbery
Listen only once to a news bulletin describing the bank robbery mentioned in 2.0
and 2,1 and fill in the missing information on the crime report sheet. Then
compare your answers in small groups.
ROBBERY ATTHENATIONAL SAVINGS BANK
Location of bank:
Time of robbery:
Number of suspects:
Other customers saw a woman giving something to
Amount stolen:
Alarm raised by
Gang escaped in
2.3 L!J Identifying word stress
These groups of words appeared In the news bulletin. Read them aloud and try
to mark the stresses,
tlJ(' \;,'ttiollal S,i\ ill!..';S Itillk
Then listen again to the tape and check your answers.
I ,lIl :lIlll('d m\,lwJ'\
- tlJ(' l xu i], l'l('rks
·1 ,I ,s('('llril\ Iiru:
S l lu- alanll hllttoJI
:) t II(' II i:c':ll St nr-t Ilall k ~ J a:c':1 '(;I\\il\ c.n
Illal'lliJw,\.';IIIIS
III dl))lhll' \rl1()\\ lill('s
,J tluir ill't('J'III)())] d(,li\('r\ II a I rulli« \\ard('11
(i l l«: s('('mi!\\.';II:m!s
12 a parkill!..'; til'kl'!
3.0 L!J Describing, comparing and contrasting
Before and after an explosion
14
People and places • Module 1B
Look at the two pictures of a city
centre before and after an
explosion. In pairs, discuss what
the city centre looked like the
morning before and the morning
after the explosion.
3.1 l!J Reporting an event in the news
In the same pairs, prepare a one-minute news Item about the explosion to be
read out on the radio, You could Include:
• \\liat is not \('( kuown.
• \\klt is tllollglit to Ila\(' Ilapp(·II(·(!. (',g. a gas I(·ak.
• \\110 \\as / \\('1'1' iujurr-t].
• \\llat \\as / \\'('J'(' sillasllt'd or sllatkn·d,
• \\liat \\as di,srJlpkd
Now read out your news Item paying attention to the timing of the item, and the
strong and weak stresses on the words you use.
l!J Exam practice: describe, speculate and identify
Identity parade
On pages 113 and 124 there are two sets of people taking part in an Identity
parade to see if members of the public can identify the thieves, a man and a
woman, in a robbery they witnessed.
Student A
Look at the set of pictures on page 113. Choose one man and one woman
from each set and describe them in as much detail as possible, saying why
you think these two people must be the ones you saw committing the crime.
You have one minute to do this.
Student B
Look at the set of pictures on page 124. They are the same as your partner's
but they are In a different order. Listen carefully to your partner's descriptions
and decide which two people your partner described.
There are more Paper 5 Part 2 tasks in the Task bank on pages 88-91.
15
Module 1C/O • Speaking
Spotlight on Paper 5 Parts 3 and 4
16
1.0 tIJ Exchanging opinions
Too young or too old?
Work through the Function File cards before doing the activity opposite.
GIVING YOUR OPINION
Which expression sounds rather rude and off-hand and suggests that you
have nothing else to say?
Which expresses a very strong opinion?
III Illy 0/iillioll / cicu:.
C(,/lI'mll'jIJ!cakillg, I think .
Pcrsollally, Ilwu'li 'I llle{aililesl idea about / no/II'I 111'1' .
To nuj iniiu] .
rdillsl like 10 say.
AsIaI' as rill ('OII('ITlied.
rill quit« couviucr«! tliat .
Til III' quite 1101I1'S1 / [raul: ..
I{ljOIl ask II/I' ,
ASKING FOR THE OPINION OF OTHERS
Which expression is often used when addressing a group of people in a
more formal situation. e.g, a meeting?
Which expressions are often used when addressing an individual in a more
formal situation, e.q a Tv interview with a politician?
Which expressions are more suitable for an informal exchange of ideas?
\Fhal / HOlC al)(ml ucn::'
\FoIIM 'l'!" care 10 ('II II 1/1Ii'1iI Oil .
Alllj conunrnts?
\FoIIM ylill agree icitli iliat?
\Fhal arc uour cicics 011., ..
\FIUlt's
\F1U1t do yOIl think: ..
Jobs and training • Module 1C/O
In small groups discuss which of these jobs could be done more successfully by
someone in the 20-30 age range or an older person and why. Refer to the
Function File cards.
Appoint one person to make a note of the group's opinions and when you have
finished, compare your ideas with those of another group.
dolitc"c·
r L
Q
~
You must, of course, state your
own point of view but you will also
be given credit for inviting your
fellow candidates to express their
views and encouraging them to
make a contribution when they
remain silent.
1.1 lIJ Expressing personal preferences
In pairs ask your partners which of the jobs in the pictures above they would
prefer and why. Refer to this Function File card to reply.
EXPRESSING PREFERENCES
Which expression sounds as if It is simply contrasting one thing with
another but is actually denoting a very strong preference?
Which expression is more colloquial and would be used in an informal
conversation?
I'd nuic[: ratlicr (do) tlutn .
I could IICUT do / hc hilt I'd rCI/IlI/ Clliol/ .
Thcre's 110 comparison het u.ccn ... and ..
I'd prefcr . . . to ..
I'd !Jefl/r liapnicr doillg. . than .
Cice me ... I/IlIf time'
17
Module 1C/O • Speaking
2.0 _lIJ Asking about personal details
When you go for an interview or apply for a job you may be asked some
questions about yourself, your qualifications and experience. You are sometimes
asked to produce a Curriculum Vitae (CV) outlining this information.
Use the simplified CV below to ask a partner questions which may be asked in
an interview. Make brief notes about your partner.
First name(s):
Address:
Education:
Qualifications:
Experience:
Interests / hobbies:
Family name: Date of birth:
Tell the class two things which you found interesting about your partner.
2.1 0 Listening for facts and figures
Now listen to a radio programme about a man who, as a teenager, was a
genius. Fill in the missing details and answer the questions about him.
Name: Dr Siiuou \lar!ow Age: :3:2
At present: Assistant profe-ssor of ( [ )
at the Univorsitv of (:2)
197H(;ailll'd (:3) passl's at
All\anc('([ Ll'\el
Sometimes information for an
answer appears at a later stage on
the tape or clarifies what has been
said earlier. Pencil in what you
hear first, then listen carefully a
second time to check your original
answer.
197H-19H1 Studir«] H)
Essex Univrrsitv
19IH-19H6 Doctor.itt: in (.'5)
at
at Oxlorc!
19H6 Afte-r completing doctorate we-nt to ((-j)
Thinks pcople should Ill' ullo-vcd to spl'l'ializl' in SUhjl'l'tS the\
(7)
\Veakness: :\ot H'IY good at (H)
What prompted Simon's decision to move in 1986? How do you know?
How does he keep in touch with his friends?
2.2 lIJ Sound discrimination
The left-hand words in each pair below all appeared in the interview in 2.1. In
pairs, take it in turns to read out one pair of words paying particular attention to
the pronunciation and word stress, then discuss the differences in meaning.
1 rcwards rewords (-j yague \'ogue
:2 drain grain 7 hdiej' lll'lil -vr-
:3 hedge S dejel'ted
-l recalling recdiling 9 resist persist
.'5 pure poor 10 mail nail
18
2.3
Listen carefully to the context. A
clear idea of the context of what
you are listening to and who might
be speaking will help you to make
a reasoned guess as to any
ambiguous words or information.
Jobs and training • Module 1C/O
o Sound discrimination
Listen to a conversation between a father and his son. Each sentence of their
conversation contains one of the words in 2.2 opposite. As you listen to them
talking, circle the word you hear.
3.0 l!J Disagreeing politely
DISAGREEING POLITELY
Which expressions sound as If they are being used to dismiss the other
person's point of view?
Which expressions are more diplomatic?
You do not have to agree with
your fellow-candidates all the time.
In fact you will be able to make a
fuller contribution to the speaking
test if you have some different
ideas of your own to express.
However, it is not a good idea to
indulge in an over-heated
argument: most examiners do not
want to hear a violent
disagreement, which could be
embarrassing! So try to be polite
and friendly at all times!
rlIITI' 1IIIIIj Iii' SOIIlI' truth ill lc!wlljOllllllj lnit dOIl'lljolllllillk iis
1J10rC (/ (jlu'.\'fio}l ( ~ r . '..J
YOII 11/11.11 IWjokillg.'
l lal«: Ijollrlloilll lntt tlutts 1101 II/{' Inllj [SI'I' it.
YI'I. lnit dOIl'lljOIl tliiul: tliat .
[SI'I' lelwi/joll 1111'1111 but rill 11011/11/11 icnuiuri-c! tli«! .
Trn«. hut rlill/li'l/id [ diwl/.!,rI'I' .uitl, i .
YOII 1'1111 'I Iw si-riou:'
Prrluu.». liut l cau 'I I/{'III Illillkillg tlutt .
Look at these various methods of learning and training and in groups of four
discuss which you consider to be the most and the least effective ways of
learning or training to do something. Two students should put forward arguments
for the options on the top and the other two for those on the bottom. Refer to
the Function File cards on page 16 as well as the one above.
19
Module 1C/O • Speaking
20
3.1 l!J Admitting that you might be mistaken
ADMITTING fHAf YOU MIGHf BE MISfAKEN
Which expression sounds rather defeatist and is used to end an argument?
Which expression IS very colloquial and rather grudgingly concedes that the
other person has a point?
Which expressions are used to suggest that you might possibly have made
a mistake?
Which expression admits quite freely that you were wrong?
I lu/lll1'l 11wlI,C!.111 0(., ill tliat IClIff-
Fllirl'lIolll.!/l.'
Come 10 tliiu]; ofil 'jOIl /IIil.!/ll 1)(' riglll.
,\11 rigl11 ~ 'l'"! uin'
I IIIIISI rulrn)! ii« 11'111' thnt '
IIII}i}lOII' 'joll'rl' riglll.
rOil '1'1' (111 it I' ridI I, orcouI'll'.
Take the roles you took in 30, but this time tell your partners that you have been
persuaded by their arguments and say why,
3.2 l!J Discussion
UNEMPLOYED FIGURES
RISE AGAIN
Here's how we solve the
unemployment problem!
\ rh,\' arc so Il1an." people without work nowadavs?
\\'hat can we do uhout i t ' ~
In small groups discuss the newspaper headlines and the questions below. You
have four to five minutes to reach agreement. Refer to the Function File cards
opposite, Appoint a 'secretary' to makes notes on the group's opinions.
Remember to invite the other members of the group to have a turn if they remain
silent or have not had the opportunity to make a contribution to the conversation.
You might consider:
• the t\pes or jobs availahl«.
• mode-rn me-thods of production.
• part-time and shift work.
• training / ('c!llcation gin'n to \ollng people',
• retraining gin'n to older pcople,
• the school-lr-aving agf'.
• the agf' of retirement.
• numhc-rs or people ill the world.
If your mind goes blank, don't be
an empty-headed candidate! Start
talking about people or situations
you are familiar with, opinions in
books or articles you have read, or
discuss what you have talked
about in class, However,
remember what you say must be
spontaneous and relevant to the
discussion, It must not appear to
be a prepared speech'
Jobs and training • Module 1C/O
COMMENTING ON SOMETHING YOU KNOW NOTHING ABOUT
Which expression could suggest that you are about to criticize someone or
something?
Which expressions sound off-hand and fail to develop the Interaction? What
effect does usmq expressions like these have on the person you are talking
to?
Why is it a good thing to make an effort to develop the interaction even if
you have no opinions on the subject?
Aet/utllij. 1 rioII 'I 1/(/1'(' 1lIl/l.fini-I/(/llrI cxpcricucc oj'. , , lnu.
Sca rch II u:'
l'c!"Sollal!/j. 1'1'('//('1'('1' lu«! IIII/jillillg 10 rio / [uul icn] liul« 10 rio
icitli . , , hili,
11/(/1'(' II silcakillg suspicion 11/(/1 ,
IIau'II'1 a elIIC,'
II's mllwrrlifficilil tosin, lnit l uoultl ill/(/gilll',
FINDING OUT IF EVERYONE AGREES
Which expression sounds rather dismissive and very informal?
Which sounds rather formal for this kind of discussion?
Which expressions could be used diplomatically to draw a discussion to
a close?
So 1('(' 'J"(' agJ"(,('(1Oil ,
11 looks as iflcc al! agJ"('I' tlutt ,
(.'(///1 I al«, it 11/(/1 (T(TIjOIlC agrccs 11/(/1,
.\rc ICC all ill Ilg/TCIIICIlI ,"
11 uoul«! IljJj}('llr tliat ICC arc ill COllljiletc a,gJ"('cllwlIl,
\LH II/(/I's 11/(/1 IIICII,'
"'c Iljij}('ar 10 agrcc Oil ,
Each group's secretary can now report back to the class on the group's
decisions,
21
Module 1C/O • Speaking
no univc-rsitv degn·(·
ollice skills
willin« to work Iou« hours
,'-0 ;-,
.s good administrative- skills
hard worke-r
recellth ll1ad(' rc-dunrlnnt
4 uuivr-rsitv degree
tlm«- children
IllIahle to work unsocial hours
l!J Exam practice
The right person for the right job
Part 3
Look at the five photographs of people who are trying to find a job. Their
personal interests are illustrated in the thought bubbles. Read the brief notes
about them and in small groups decide what kind of Job you think would suit
these people and why. Take three to four minutes then report your conclusions
to the rest of the class.
sc!J()()II('an'r
110 e"alll qllal ificatioll
110 joh ('''peri('lIc('
:3 dl'gn'('
110 joh (',,!)('ri('l1c('
('as:,'-g()illg
Part 4
At this point the examiner will join the discussion, asking questions like these.
In the same groups discuss the questions.
Whv do sonu- people find joh interviews so terrif\ing'?
\\'hat do \UU thin k e-mplovers are looking for when thc-v inte-rvie-w people'?
\\'hat advice would von gin' to someone going {(H' their first joh inte-rvie-w:'
\\'hat advice would von gin' to someone who has just biled a joh inte-rvie-w:'
There are more Paper 5 Part 3 and 4 tasks in the Task bank on pages 91-95.
22
LISTENING
A Sorry, I didn't quite catch that!
Leisure activities and holidays
Mind over matter
o Today's technology
Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 1
1.0 n Identifying background sounds
SPECULATING ABOUT WHAT YOU HEAR
What words or phrases would you use to follow the first three expressions?
Could you add some alternative expressions to this list?
It souiul« .
II sounds like.
It SOII/U/S (IS if. .
I e(//I'I uuti«: 0111 iclia! il is.
It coul«! UTlj lull II!' / coultlnt j!ossilil/j /)(' .
IHml'lil ' " ",
You will not need to identify
background sounds in the exam
but they can sometimes be useful
clues when trying to put what you
hear into a context
Listen to ten background sounds and, in groups, suggest where you might hear
them.
")
.5
6
-
I
9
10
23
Module 2A • Listening
1.1 n Coping with voices against background sounds.
You will hear six people talking over
some background sounds. In groups,
decide who might be speaking, what
the background sound is, where the
person might be and what might have
happened or might be happening.
Try to use some of the expressions
on the Function File card in 1.0.
Speaker Sound Place Situation
1
2
3
4
5
(j
n Coping with accents
You will hear five speakers with different accents. As you listen, try to match the
speakers' accents with the nationalities below. There are some clues in what the
speakers are saying to help you! Then compare your answers with a partner's.
a Aiuc-ricau e E1Iglish l' Irish g South African
h Auxtrali.m d Scottish f \"eIsh
2.0
Try not to be put off by accents.
They are used in the exam only
because not everyone speaks
English with the same accent. You
will almost certainly be exposed to
a variety of accents in the exam
but they are never unintelligible -
and you will never be asked to
identify them!
Speaker I
Speaker 2
Spl'aker :3
Speakt'r .f
Speaker ;)
2.1
24
n Making a logical guess about context
Listen to five speakers and try to work out what they
might be talking about. Make some brief notes in
the spaces below.
o
Sorry, I didn't quite catch that: • Module 2A
Which key words helped you to guess the context?
1
2
.s _
3.0 O. Keeping an open mind about what you hear
FINDING our xeour CORREcr SPELLING
Which expressions would you use to decide with a partner whether these
words are spelt correctly or not?
a ucuinmodation h c!ccic'\c'
h conscie-nce- courte-ous
c ()(,llditC'd
.i
gllarantee
d professional k we-the-r
c vau0"(' I husnc-ss
,-' M
f CI11 harras11]( -nt III feasihle
cr
comparnhlc 11 .ux-ustomc-d
h
/fOIC do I/Oll sjic!! '[air', yOll kuoic. 'hlont!'?
Do 1/011 S})C!! '... ' Ici!1I OIlC 'c' or tico:'
Arc tlure IICO 'I's ill '.. '',)
Haec I sjicll this corrcctli]?
Could 1/011 jilmsc clu-e]: 1111/')iellillg or· '',)
Is '... ' sjicli ICi! 1/ 'ic' or 'ci '.',)
You will hear twelve words on tape, As you listen, write them in the spaces
below. There are two ways, if not more, of spelling the words!
e.g. fare (payment to travel)
fair (not raining, blond, just, entertainment with stalls and rides)
'Have I got the right fare?'
1
2
25
Module 2A • Listening
3.1
Although no exercise in Paper 4
tests spelling alone, spelling is
taken into consideration in the
marking of the paper as a wrong
spelling can interfere with
communication. You may have to
use your knowledge of spelling
rules to make a logical guess
about how to spell a word.
4.0
26
.J _
9
10
II
12
Now compare your answers with those of a partner and decide what the words
mean.
lIJ Recognizing words
Read out the words below and in pairs decide whether they follow any common
spelling patterns. You may need to refer back to exercise 4.0 on page 9.
I rat rate'
:2 write writtt-n
:3 cOllc('it ]w!i(,\(,
-+ tltrollglt nlllglt \horollgll
,S kIlO\\kdg('ahl(' n'('('i\'ahk Ilo\i('('ahk
fi elf ekes / ])('!ief heli('fs
,. potato potatoes / piallo piallos
[» fn l'nillg
~ ) ("l'('('d nist
10 qu.un-l (!'JaITell(,d
II acaclr-mv accouuuodatiou
12 mil« milt'ag('
Give other examples which follow each of the patterns.
o Interpreting information correctly
You will hear a news item from local radio then you will hear the item again split
into ten short extracts. The notes, jotted down while the writer was listening to
the news item, are incorrect as the writer has misheard what the speaker said.
Listen carefully to the complete news item first, then to each extract and try to
correct the notes.
1 Ronald Broom ..
:2 190(i . .. 191[» ...
:3 five teas. '. .
-t owned black ta,is ...
'J proper tea ..
(i (lise1osure . . .
,. guess right ..
[» .. , the grand four ... free storage ... down-and-out
9 . untaxed .
10 . fC'lTV across. its some f ~ \ r e ...
• time available for shopping.
• location of shop / market.
Sorry, I didn't quitecatch that: • Module 2A
4.1 l!J Evaluating differences
A This is a picture of the kind of shop mentioned In 4.0. Describe either the right
or the left side of the picture to a partner.
B Now join with another pair and discuss the positive and / or negative aspects
of a shop like the one above, of present-day supermarkets and of open-air
markets.
You might consider:
• the type of service.
• prices.
• choice of goods.
Allow three or four minutes. Appoint one member of the group to take notes.
When you have finished, report your decisions to the rest of the class.
27
Module 2A • Listening
28
n Exam practice: sentence completion
You will hear a news story about a man who made newspaper headlines
because of his metal detector. As you listen, complete the sentences. If you
don't recognize some of the words you need, try to guess the spelling!
You will hear the recording twice.
1\1 r Lawson works as a ( I )
Ilis discovcrv had bill 1l1H!('IlTtt-d sin('(' (:21
l Ie- storc-d liis t rc-uxu rc- ill i:j)
The discovc-rv was nlade on (-i)
After his disc()\er\" he ilnlll('diateh (5)
, ,
If he does not coinplv with the n'quest of tIl(' allthoriti('s, II(' fact's (ii)
Mr Lawson found the tre-asure whil« searching for lost (7)
He will not rccein' compensation for objec-ts 1](' did not hi in S( 'It (s)
He thinks that in future people with nu-tal (lett-dors Illigllt 1)('
ull\villing to (9)
In the last few years mctal-ddel'ting has n'sultt-d ill
the handing in of (1())
Duvid Curnev thinks that l)('ople who make these disc()\('ries
should he (1 I)
Perhaps now we should think about changing (1:2)
There are more Paper 4 Part 1 tasks in the Task bank on pages 96-98.
Leisureactivities and holidays • Module 28
Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 2
1.0 lfJ Asking for and expressing opinions
In groups of three or four try to name these various activities then check your
answers with the key on page 147.
Find out
a if the students In your group have ever tried any of these activities and
whether they enjoyed them.
b which of the activities they would really like to try and why.
c which of the activities they would absolutely detest doing and why.
1.1
Inthe examyou will havetime to
read through the notes for the task
before you listento the tape. Use
thetime to read the instructions
andnotes carefullyso that you are
well-prepared for what you are
goingto hear and what you have
to do.
1.2
n Listening for information which is repeated
Listen to some young people talking about leisure activities. They say the same
thing more than once but in a different way, e.g. by using the same words in a
different context or different words in the same context, or saying the same thing
later. This is called recycling information.
As you listen to the speakers, put a tick (.I) beside the activities from 1.0 which
are mentioned.
lfJ Speculating
Look at the grid below and guess what missing information you will need to
supply and what the headings A-O will be.
Donot write too much inthe gaps
A B C D
inthe note-taking task - about
oneto three words. The space will
1.[ !
BinllillglJalll I:I a se-ssion Plio)\(' (2)
tell you roughly how much you are
expectedto write. You may need
BinI \\arclliw,:
.,
£:3 a day Plio)\(' cluriu« (-1-) .J
to rephrase your information
t-v
slightly to fit a different context, .. ) Bristol UI (()) Selld (I)
e.g. 'He is a second-year
university student.' He is in his / C:lil11hing Southport
"I
\\'ritC'ili
the second year at university.
(9) II) f:2..50 a class \\'ritc ill
29
Module 26 • Listening
1.3 o Extracting and filling in missing information
Listen to the tape and fill in the missing information in the table in 1.2. Listen only
once - all the information you need is recycled in some way.
1.4 ifJ Making assumptions based on listening material
Try to answer the following questions about the programme you heard in 1.3.
Listen again to the programme If you wish.
a Who do you think the programme is aimed at?
b What style of language does the programme adopt?
c What do you think the presenters look like?
d What kind of people might they be?
2.0 0 Identifying word stress in new vocabulary
You will hear ten phrases connected with travel and holidays. As you listen, write
the phrases in the spaces below. The first is done for you.
.)
(1
-
I
30
~ )
!O
Identifying word stress helps you to understand what is being said - and using
word stress correctly yourself will make what you say more easily understood!
Listen again and mark the stresses on the words you have written down, e.g. a
package h6liday, then read them aloud.
Leisure activities and holidays • Module 28
2.1 0 Identifying repeated information
Listen to a radio advert for a half-price bargain holiday break being offered by a
national newspaper. Tick the words and phrases below every time you hear
them mentioned or referred to in some way.
a two nights' holiday for the price of one
b tokens
c the Da ily Te!egmIJ!1
d between August l-l- and Septelll bcr fi
e collector cards
f you can take a(hantage of this offer twice
Compare the number of ticks you made with a partner. Which references
appeared the most often? Why were these ones repeated so often?
2.2 l!J Discussing how something is organized
Using the words and phrases in 2,1 discuss briefly with a partner how the
bargain break operates. Allow yourselves about two minutes.
3.0 0 Identifying paraphrases
Listen to a short extract from the introduction to a travel programme and, as you
listen, note down the three phrases which have the same meaning as the
following expressions. They are not in the same order as they appear on the
tapel
a n-ullv ('Iliming vourse-ll
b using your own me-nus of transport
c lilrgetting about vour i-vc-rvdnv worries
3.1 0 Interpreting and rephrasing information
Read through the multiple choice questions and the clues which are given to
help you focus on the relevant information for the right and wrong answers.
I \ "hat is the diffen'nce between 'luggns' and ' t u g g n s " ~
A 'Luggers' are caravanur-rx whereas 'tuggers' are motorc.uuv.mI WI'S,
B 'Luggers' are motorcaruvanners whereas 'tugg(TS' are caruvuunc-rs.
C 'Luggers' and 'tuggers' think there is YeTY little difft'n'nc(' he-twe-e-n
them.
Clues: listen for are kiuncn as
tlici] luu:« a lcorrlfiJr it
:2 The programme suggests that caravannc-rs
A outnumber motorcaravanncrs,
B dislike motorcaravanners.
C tolerate motorcaravanners.
Clues: listen for icell ill the minoritu
Oil good terms
a trace (!{ IIIlCaSe
31
Module 28 • Listening
If you don't recognize a word,
don't panic! The word is often
explained in a different way later in
the listening material and unusual
vocabulary items are not tested.
3.2
32
:3 Potential buyers should ask themselves whether
A it would be cheaper to hire a vehicle.
B the vchiolc would be too small for camping.
C the vehicle would he too big for evervdav lise.
Clue-s: listen for for (//) experimeutal iceckcvu]
falllil!f car
it leill lieI'd to he
-l- The luggers' motto could he:
.-\ retire earlv and travel,
B ignore the discomfort and travel.
C travr-l in comfort.
Clues: listen for Hick [cnkin» iclu:
u.liilc licillg ill
licconu- ([CclistOllied to
Then listen to someone talking on the same radio programme as you heard in
3.0 about people who own motorcaravans and choose the answer, either A, 8
or C, which best expresses what the speaker is saying. You will probably need
to listen to the tape twice.
t!J Advising someone (not) to do something and
putting forward another point of view
Pairwork
Student A
Your partner wants to buy a motorcaravan but you do not like motorcaravans.
Basing your advice on what you heard in 3.1, advise your partner not to buy one.
Before you begin, refer to this Function File card and discuss your answers to
the questions with other Student As.
ADVISING SOMEONE (Nor) ro DO SOMETHING
Which expression sounds too impersonal and too formal for this situation?
Which expression sounds very familiar and somewhat offensive?
Which expression sounds very colloquial and suggests some irritation on
the part of the speaker?
Which expression implies that the listener has not been doing the right thing
up to this point?
How would you complete the sentence I'd certainly recommend . . .?
Can you think of any other expressions to add to the list?
If! tccrt: !fOil, I'd iu.oultlnt ) .
YOII'd better (IIOt) .
011 110 account sl/Ould'l'"! ..
You'd he cm;:,y (IIOt) to .
""Iy Oil earth don't you ..
I thin]: you'd he icell a(h'ised to . . .
I'd certainlu recomuiend .
It's high time !Iou . . .
Leisure activities and holidays • Module 2B
Student B
You are very interested in buying a motorcaravan but your partner doesn't like
them, Explain to your partner what you think about motorcaravans and say why
you think your partner might be wrong about them. Before you begin, refer to
this Function File card and discuss your answers to the questions with other
Student Bs.
PUTTING FORWARD ANOTHER POINT OF VIEW
Which expressions sound like insults?
Can you add any other expressions to the list?
Ycs, hut 011 tlrc ol!/('r luuul, tlon 't you think iliat .
BUI 10 look at itfnJlII another point oft:iClC.
Look, uobodi] ill tlicir righl mind tcoul«}tliiu]: tlia! .
Sun'llj you (,(/11'1 rcalli] [nlici:«, :J
BUI icoultln'! you (/gree tliat . :J
Exam practice: sentence completion
You will hear part of a radio programme which suggests what tourists from all
over the world think about each other. For questions 1-10, complete the
sentences with an appropriate word or short phrase. Listen very carefully
as you will hear this recording ONCE only.
Some German tourists rise carlv to reserve a (1)
All nations have their own ideas about (2)
The Germans think manv Dutch tourists (:3)
The Spaniards think the Dutch and Belgians are not very
good at driving (4)
French tourists in other countries never seem to enjoy (,S)
In restaurants the British never (r-i)_
The Italians love to visit (7) __
The Americans make a big effort to be (8)
The Japanese are never seen without (9) _
It seems as if the whole world is slowly becoming (1())
There are more Paper 4 Part 2 tasks in the Task bank on pages 98-100.
33
Module 2C • Listening
1.0
Although the listening passage
may be about something you are
not very familiar with, and the task
may look rather complicated at
first sight, do not panic I There will
always be enough information on
the tape and on your answer sheet
for you to understand what it is
about and do what is expected of
you.
Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 3
n Listening for unusual information
Memory mapping
Listen to someone talking about memory mapping and complete the sentences.
The capital letters in 2-8 are the first letters of words in lists of information which
are often difficult to remember.
There is onlv 0111' xvorc! ill the cliction.n-, l)('<fi11nillu wit]: tl«: Il'lkrs ( I)
. . ~ ~
TIl(' le-tte-rs HOYGBI\' hclp IlS ]"('1111'1111)('1' tlu- (:2)
S1\IIIEO help l1S rcmc-mlx-r tl](' (:3)
CA:\T help IlS n-uu-mhc-r tlu- (-+)
\\'I.\I:\\II]('lp lIS n-uu-ml x-r t hc- (5)
III tIl(' COmcr nminds IlS wlu-r« (h)
Oil the EqLAtOH rc-miucls lIS \\1]('1'(' ,)
131' n'lllillds us or two c-ountrie-s witliout (,,,)
A SII('('I'SSI'tI1 aid to 11\('11l0]"\ Illappillg ah\a\s has a slroll,g ( ~ J )
is.
IS.
n Making notes while you listen
Memory mapping
Listen to the tape again and note down the words that the capital letters in 1.0
can stand for. Try to write down as much as you can without having to stop the
tape.
I HOYCBI\' = -+ \\1\1:\\1
1.1
Practise writing as you hear the
information, but at the same time
keep listening to what comes next.
If you hesitate, you may miss vital
information for the next question.
Practise in your own language by
trying to take notes from the news
on the radio or TV using a kind of
'shorthand' or note form of your
own. You will soon learn how to
do it quite quickly!
:) S\IIIEO=
:3 C:\:\T =
;) 131' =
1.2
34
lfJ Design your own mnemonlcs
In small groups can you make up mnemonics for the items below?
a the countrie-s of Xorth-West Africa: Algeria. Xlorocco Tunisia
h the countries of the \\'hite :\ilt,: Eh"Vt. Sncl.m. Ugallda
Can you think of mnemonics in English for other things you find difficult to
remember?
2.0
Tryto work out what the important
or keywords areto helpyoufocus
onwhat to listen for as you read
throughstatementsor multiple
choiceoptions.
Mind over matter • Module 2C
o Listening for key information
You will hear someone talking to an author about two of her books.
A Before you listen read the statements carefully and notice how the important
information in 1-4 is highlighted in bold. What words would you highlight In 5-77
Dr-hornhx first book the ]wtw('ell til(' wav
and old people speak.
.J second book n-minds lIS how ('as\ it is lor communication 10
break down.
:3 The question-and-answer teclilliquc prevents us Iroin aplwarilll2; too
vague.
-t Men often ask too personal questions,
'J The Britisl: ;In' 1 " '1", ;" ·.1)110s first 1l'111l('.
() \;, u, <I,i,"11 1"'I'sollal IJll('stioIIS,
- )"11 SlrlllJlcl ,11IakS(' \()III" ()II IISIIII' "I spl'akil'l2; can'fulk.
B Now listen for the information targeted in bold and decide whether the
speaker makes these statements or not.
2.1 l!J Correcting what is not accurate
In pairs correct the statements in 2.0 which are not accurate, using expressions
on this Function File card.
CORRECTiNG WHAT is NOT ACCURATE
Whichexpression soundsabrupt and rude?
Whichexpression soundstoo formal?
,\I"!II(/{{Ij. 1/11I(1 1101 111Ii!1' rig/II,
SII rl'{l/ 1111I(1 not righl.
c
'J'/III(S (/1i'w{1I11' mlillisll.'
I dOli 'I thin]: 1111I(1' correct. is it:'
Iu/ill"!, il \- I'.wcth/ II/{' O}I}IOli!l',
ForgieI' IIII' i(l cont rtulict 1/011.111I1 ,
3.0 0 Listening for key information in multiple choice
questions
A You will hear part of a radio programme about how to communicate with
people. Before you listen, read through the multiple choice questions. The key
information in 1 and 2 is highlighted in bold, Highlight what you consider to be
the key information in 3 and 4.
I Couvorsatiou is a tool use-cl hv
A men and women for the same purpose.
B women to maintain a relationship.
C men to create connections hetwccn people.
D men and women to create a sense of communitv.
35
Module 2C • Listening
2. \Vhen a cake shop owne-r asked her male manager to do something, lw
A forgot all ahout doing it.
B refused to do it.
C decided he hadn't time to do it.
D quarrelled with her about doing it.
,3 \\'hen a mother asked her adult son, who had a full-time- joh, to contribute
to the household expenses, what dicl h« do')
A Ill' rented a pial'(' of his own.
BIll' n-luctuntlv agn'l'd to pa\ rent.
c: lIe prdl'IHll'lllll' had not hl'ard her.
I) I Ie kft the matte-r open.
4 \Vhat is tl](' dilfen'm'e lx-twet-n girls' and hovs conve-rsational shks?
A Bovs gin' girls direct commands.
B Cirls get their own wav 1)\ making suggestious.
C Bms gin' each other options when deCiding what to do.
\) Cirls an' mort- likelY to 1)(' asslTtin' th.m hms.
. ,
B Now listen to the tape and put a pencil mark beside the most likely answer.
Then, referring back to the Function File card in 2.1, tell a partner why you think
the other options are not correct. When you have finished, listen to the tape
again to check that your answers are correct.
3.1 lIJ A breakdown in communication
The following two exchanges appeared on the tape in 3.0. What breakdown of
communication took place?
The book-keeper needs
help with the invoicing.
What do you think about
helping her out?
I think it would be fair
for you to pay rent now.
OK.
I'm leaving soon anyway.
36
3.2 (1 Listening for key information in multiple choice
questions
A You will hear a continuation of the radio programme about how to
communicate with people. Before you listen, read through the multiple choice
questions below and highlight what you consider to be the key information in tr
options.
1 How should the cake shop owner gin' orde-rs to the male enlplo\ee?
A Insist that he helps with the invoicing,
B Politely tell him exactly what she wants him to do.
. .
C Persuade him mer a period of time to do what she wants.
D Ask him clircctlv wll\ he won't do what she asks.
Mind over matter • Module 2C
:2 How should thc mother deal wit]: her son?
A Insist that he honours her wishes.
B Encourage him to be more honest with her.
C Gin' him a deadline to produce the money.
D Ask him directly when she can expect a contribution.
B Listen to the tape and put a pencil mark beside the most likely answer, then,
again using the Function File card in 2.1, tell a partner why you think the other
options are not correct.
Now listen again and check that you have chosen the right answer.
O. Exam practice: multiple choice questions
Listen to two people, Susan and Dave, talking about how to communicate
with each other and, as you listen, choose the correct option from A, B, Cor
D. You will hear the recording twice.
(Remember, before you listen, read through the multiple choice questions and
options. Highlight the key information to listen for and do not make your final
choice of answer until you have heard the whole piece twice.)
I \Vhat initial statement clot's Susan make about men's and women's
spt'aking
A Both men and wunu-n 1I1ix 'business and 'personal' conve-rsation.
B \YOllll'll think pe-rsonal c-onve-rsation lu-lpx re-lationships.
(: Xl c-u think personal conve-rsation helps the-m to cOlldllct busine-ss.
D Women think personal conversation inuppropriun- whe-n talking to
me-n.
:2 According to Susan. what should a woman who works with men try to do?
A Ne-ve-r sociali:«: with colleagues after work.
B Ke-e-p tlu- 'snwll talk' lor breaks at work.
e: :\l'Il 'I' ask \,(T;' pe-rsonal questions.
D Avoid ])('COlllilig iuvolvc«] with colleagues.
:3 \Vhat mistake- did OIH' WOIII,lIl editor make?
:\ S!I(' indnlgl'<l in too much 'small talk' with her cmplovees.
B She delegated too murh work to the other employees.
e: She appointe-d another manager to run the office.
D She underestimated the importance of the personal touch,
4 How did the woman editor rectifv her mistake?
A SIH' decickd to re-cruit more male employees.
B She took on mort' responsibility herself.
C She modified a decision she had previously made.
D She allowed the other employees longer breaks during the day .
.5 \Vhat final comment docs Susan make?
A Yon should get the balance right.
B She doesn't know how to solve the problem easily.
C \Ve would be better off separating the sexes.
D Whatever vou do, you can't win.
There are more Paper 4 Part 3 tasks in the Task bank on pages 100-104.
37
Module 20 • listening
Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 4
1.0 L!J Finding out a partner's opinion
Commenting on something you may know nothing about
In pairs, ask your partner to think of one good and one bad point about video
games, then, with the rest of the class, put a list of good and bad points on the
board.
1.1 L!J Interpreting visual information
In the same pairs as in 1.0, look at the three pie charts and try to explain what
they are showing.
lias the pr'ice of new ganle,S
(G) the console or
computer system you ownr
Ye-s. a hit
Its IlIad('
IIi(' 1('ss
(}) )
than I was
I k('11'1l1 I)('ill"
,h
rohl)('d 1)\ tli('
nuuml:«til n -rs
.u«! tl)(' shop
Ior gamesr
I !l'(']1'1l1]will<f
h
(l\(' reli arg('(1
(:3 )
I think tli('\ (.'5)
How do you (I)
I t Ii i II k
t l u- pril'('S an'
(11
I 1"('('1 1'lIllwille;
(2) \)\
tli(' mauul.uturc-r-,
vlor« th.m si'\ \\('('ks
!ktw( '(-u two
and lour w('\,ks
47%
L('SSil:2
Be-twe-e-n
( 11
How long, on average, do you playa game before it (10)
Don't be put off by an unusual
layout or format in an examination
task, e.g. diagrams and charts.
Keep calm and just work out what
information is being asked for.
38
1.2
2.0
2.1
Theability to make a logical
assumption about identity will help
you in Part 4 of Paper 4. Listen for
clues like 'our games', 'my
children', 'our patients', 'I can't
stop', 'order replacements', which
will help you to decide who the
speaker might be. Remember - in
the exam not all the alternatives
areneeded to answer the
question!
scanned by
aOgo\@argyre.ho
Today's technology • Module 20
n Listening for specific information
Facts and figures
You will hear some young people answering questions about video games. As
you listen, fill in the missing information in the charts in 1.1. Remember that you
may have to rephrase some of the information you hear.
Compare your answers with a partner. Which answers needed changing or
putting into a different context?
n Interpreting attitudes
The pros and cons of video games
Listen to some people talking about video games and decide whether their
statements indicate that they approve or disapprove of or are neutral towards the
games by ticking (v') the appropriate box.
Approve Disapprove Neulral
1
2
:l
4
:5
---"
(j
7
8
H
n Identifying speakers
Making assumptions about identity
Now listen again and decide who might be making these statements. More than
one option may be possible but here one of the options is not used at all.
Parent Teenager Policeman Doctor Video manufacturer
1
2
- ._-
:3
4
,..
o
s
7
8
9
Which words helped you to guess the identity of the speakers?
39
consultation
thickly
violent
conductor
fivhtinv
( ~ , ~
hO!TO\\"
Module 20 • Listening
2.2 J1 Sound discrimination
Words which sound similar but have different meanings can be misleading in a
listening test. It is important to be able to identify a word in a context. Read out
the groups of words in the table below and guess which words (one from each
group) you might hear when listening to some young people talking about their
reactions to video games.
1 consu] console
2 strictlv sicklv
:3 viole-t violate
.f C()]Hlucte«] conducive
;) lightning frightellillg
(i burrow harrow
Now listen to the tape and circle the word in each group which you hear. The
words appear in the order in which they occur on the tape.
o Matching information
Attitudes of players
Read through the information below carefully then listen to a longer version of
what you heard in 2.2 and match the information to the speaker. In this exercise
each option is used just once, and there is only one option that is not used at all.
You may have to listen twice.
2.3
When looking at a multiple
matching exercise underline,
either mentally or with a pencil,
what you consider to be the key
words in the options. This will
reduce the memory load and help
you to skim read all the options
and identify the one you need.
Remember also to read and listen
to the instructions carefully both
on your exam paper and on the
tape.
T\l'ill \!oOJ"('
Khun Karam]
.')
[axpul Bhatti
~
I
T\icholus Scott
10
40
a doc-snt talk to pcop!(' allY ilion'
h gets bore-d at home
c plays for half all hour
d llt'gkcts home-work
c n'cf'in'd the- ga1!1e as a pn-'s('llt
f luvou ritr- ga1!1c is Stri-c-t Fighter 2
g borrows aggrcssin' ganws
h plavs for up to fiye hours
thinks S01!1C ga1!1es are boring
j likes plming more than watchillg Tv'
k docs [rome-work before pla:illg
Which option is not used?
Today's technology • Module 20
3.0 til Anticipating what you are going to hear
Questionnaire
Read through the possible answers to a questionnaire about watching TV. The
questionnaire requires you to tick one answer for questions 2-7 and one or more
for questions 1 and 8. In pairs, decide what the questions might be.
a a klt-\i.,jOII
h a vide-o n'corder
c a sakllite dish
d calil« T\'
a not at all
h ouc«: or twice:
c fn'(!lwilth
.)
a Pause- [or a ruouu-nt just to S('(' what's OIL
h Stand with vour noxr- pwssed against th(, \\indO\\',
c \\'alk straight past.
a grippillg
h cOIlI!)('lling ilvourc- ill tl)(' IIIO()(!
c: to 1)(' a\oid(,d
,')
~
I
a Y(",
h :\0.
c Mal«: it uliout 1.:.')00.000 .u«] I'll think ahout it.
a Billg vour friellds unc! ask if \ Oil call go round .u«] wakll with tl)('III,
h Cd (Hit a hook or switch Oil the radio,
e F(TI as if the world has ellded,
a T\' has kil1ed the art of' cunvr-rsatiou.
h [uclicious T\' \iewillg can 1)(' c-dncation.il and ('Ilkrtaillillg,
c Pe-ople- shoulcl l«: quie-t wlu-n the- T\"s OIL
a eating
h reading
c taking e-xercise
')
')
')
41
.J
(i
~ )
10
Module 20 • Listening
3.1
Remember, if you find it difficult to
write notes as you listen, develop
a kind of 'shorthand' -
abbreviations you will be able to
understand when you look at your
notes again, for example
... = because of, ~ = leading to,
f = female, m = male,
smth = something,
srnb = somebody.
3.2
In the exam you will only need five
out of the eight options. Do not try
to use them all just because they
are there - though you must
consider all the options when
making your choice!
42
o Listening for specific information
Questions
Listen to the questions for the questionnaire in 3.0 and makes notes in the
spaces provided above. As you are focusing on listening skills, you do not need
to write a perfectly constructed sentence, just the key Information. You do,
however, need to pay particular attention to spelling.
How did the questions compare with yours?
L!J Evaluating the results
An addict or not?
Do the questionnaire in 3.0. Choose the answer which best sums up your
feelings and attitudes, then check your scores on the answers to the
questionnaire on page 148 in the key and find out whether you really are an
addict or notl
Do you agree with the assessment? Why? Why not?
o Exam practice: multiple matching
You will hear various people talking about today's technology. You will hear
the recording twice. The first time you hear the recording you should do task
one. The second time, do task two. Listen carefully for the key words, like the
ones highlighted in 2.1, which will give you clues as to identity and context.
Task one
Match the extracts as you hear them with the people listed A-H.
.\ social worker
I) pare-nt
r : shop asxixtunt
1),tlldl'llt
I: teacher
" actor
(; Iiliu producer
Ii doc-tor
Task two
Match the extracts as you hear them with the technology listed A-H.
A \ ideo films
B TY
(: radio
j) \ ide-o games
E lH'rsoual ste-reo
F C( »upute-r
G compact discs
II I nobile phone-
There are more Paper 4 Part 4 tasks in the Task bank on pages 104-107.
SPEAKING
What if ... ?
Yesterday and today
Art and culture
Spotlight on Paper 5 Part 1
1.0 lIJ Predictions about your own future
~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ - - - _ . _ - -
TALKING ABOUT CERTAINTY, POSSIBILITY AND IMPROBABILITY
Which expressions would you use to express near certainty. possibility or
Improbability?
What structures follow each of the expressions?
Could you add any other expressions to the list?
[ tloul)! 11'//('1//('1' .
['III houuc!10 ..
Tluns Ii/ilir/lj ,!.!.ood I'!/(II 1{'{' of.
'['//('1'1,'\ 110 cloul»! iu inu iniuc! IrllII!lI)('I'I'/" 1//(/1 .
[ .1!WIl/dll 'I /1i'11l riirisi-c! if.
['1II1I/lso/IlII'/lj coniincct! 1/1111.
'['//('1'('\ /I'/"Ij ttut, ('//(I//('I' ofl 1//(11.
In pairs, discuss this list of life events and, using the expressions on the Function
File card, grade the events A, B or C, according to how likely it is that these
things will happen to you.
Life events
• have twins
• live to be 100 years old
• become a great-grandparent
• enjoy your job
• travel into outer space
• be made redundant
• become rich and famous
• live alone for a number of years
• be happy
• change your outlook on life
A = almost certain
B = possible
C = improbable
43
Module 3A • Speaking
2.0 lfJ Past predictions about the future
INTERPRETING PAST IDEAS
Which expression sounds formal and rather impersonal?
Can you add any expressions to the list?
Remember to stick to a more
complex sentence structure (they
thought cities would . . .), once
you have started using it. Do not
forget what you are saying and
lapse into an inappropriate simple
sentence structure (they think
cities wil0 The examiner will be
listening to see what level of
vocabulary and grammar you are
capable of using effectively. You
don't want your use of the more
complex structure to seem like a
lucky guess!
• tile h.lture'
C
her 0'
'tile tea"
44
T!WII olnio/lslll tlw/lgllt cit u:« iioulc! / llligiit .
11 is n'I/lol/(/IJII' to I/SSII/III' tl/('II tl/(J/lglillifi' I L'II/I Id / IlIigllt .
,\jJjJI!rI'/ltlll tl/('II IUTI' icnnuuic! tcacl ut» uoulc! / coulcl ..
1'rl's/lIIII/IJ/II tlut] ili/(/gill('(1 tml/lj)()l-t /I'()/lid / /Ifigllt ..
These pictures were published many years ago. They show what people thought
life would be like In the future, i.e. our 'today' (or even 'yesterday'!), and what it
would be like in the more distant future,
In pairs, taking each picture in turn, decide when the pictures might have been
published and how they represent what people thought the future would be like.
Use the expressions on the Function File card.
What if. .? • Module 3A
2.1 l!J Comparing past predictions with future
predictions
In groups of three or four, discuss how the pictures in 2.0 compare with life as it
IS today and think of ideas about what it might be like in the future. Discuss
which ideas are or might be similar to, and which different from, the artists'
impressions in 2.0.
3.0 0 Hypothesizing
You will hear a radio presenter talking about a forthcoming radio programme
called What if . . . ? Read through the statements below then, as you listen,
decide whether the presenter makes the statements or not by writing Y (for yes)
or N (for no) beside them.
TI}(' prograllllilc is t]1(' last ill tl«- S(Tics.
:) \\'1/111 if. ...'" is ahollt C\ClltS ill t]}(' futurc-.
:3 It is all olltsid(' hroadcast.
-t TI}(' prograllllll(' is spcclllatillg ahollt a milit.u-, rrivix.
.) It is spcclllatilig ahollt a couul r. c'lIT\illg out a Ihn-at.
(i It nu-ntions t])(' dall.gn of IllId('J'('stiIlJatilig all oppourutx .stJ'('llgtli.
3.1 l!J Variable stress
presence
liu.ilit ,
The words on the left all appeared on the tape in 3.0. They are stressed
differently from the words on the right. Read them all aloud and mark the
stresses.
e.g. to present
filial
.)
I,islmica! I,i s[on
(i
(':t1I'lllat(,d cal('ll! :11011
.,
apl II ':lhpt ic: ''i )()cahps('
-
1'( .[:tI i:I[ i011 l"('I:lli<ll' , )
-t c:lpahilih ('apahle
Now use one word from each pair in a sentence of your OWII, spoken to a
partner.
3.2 l!J Speculating about the past
In groups of three, take it in turns to ask and answer one of the following
questions using ... would have (done), if . . . had (done).
I \\'hat ihapp('Il) ilt!«: H)(i2 Cuh.m missil« crisis itlTli'r) ovrr til(' ( · d g ( ' : ~
.) \\hlt ihap!]('Il) i ltl«: LS (carn out : its tlmat to hOlllh t lu- So\id Illissi]c
sit«)
:3 \\hlt ihappclI) if sllhsC(ll}('llt n-tuli.uiou (t:lkc pla('ce
Now ask and answer Similar questions about what would or wouldn't have
happened in the past if . . . Remember, you need to talk about the opposite of
what actually happened!
-t m.mkinr] / invr-nt thc whe-e-l
:) dinos.uu, / lx- wipcd out
(i thc whole- lnuuun race- / hccome \"('gdariall
I' pcnicilliu ,' be discoYen--'d
.<., other .mimul« / dc\"(']op the- same illtelligellcc ,IS lnnuuu hcillgs
45
Module 3A • Speaking
4.0
Remember to reply saying what
you'll be doing, where you'll be
living, etc. This will show that you
have listened carefully to the
question and are capable of uSing
more sophisticated language.
L!J Speculating about the future
What will you be doing in 20 years' time?
Tell a partner what you think you'll be doing in 20 years' time. Use some of the
expressions on the Function File card on page 43.
4.1 0 Listening for specific information
The picture below was used in an advertisement for a Life Insurance and
Pensions company.
The advertisement also appeared on the radio and TV Read through the notes
below then, as you listen to the advertisement, fill in the missing information.
Sun Alliance
Life and Pensions
(;Ollipall\ prolilise: sii'.('ahll' ( 1)
On applicatiou lor qllotatiolL Cn'(' (::.)
At tlJ(' start olpl.m: rn'l' (:3)
l lvou (-I)
l)ollllSl'S: dqH'lId on (5)
COllipall\ prolilise: keep ahead or ((-j)
ill \l'ar:?'O I O.
4.2 L!J Discussing effectiveness
In small groups, decide:
• \\,het]J('r the .ulvrrtisc-mc-nt is an l.fkcti\(' \\a\ or Sl,llillg peopll' lik-
insurance and persllading tlJ('111 to san' moucv lor tlJ(' lut t m-.
• \dwtlwr or not \011 would 1)(' interested in what the' COllipall\ is or!<Till.g
allll \\11\',
• \\·hat \OU woulc! spend tIlt' lump Sll111 of moncx OIL
Allow three or four minutes then report your decisions to the rest of the class,
46
What if ... ? • Module 3A
5.0 lJJ Expressing wishes and regrets
EXPRESSING WISHES AND REGRETS
Which constructions can be used after these expressions?
Which seem to be the most expressive?
Ifol//lf .
I lcish .
Ilou: I icis], .
l lt«] I lcnouu uluu ua: goil/g to lunipcn. I.
Interpreting artwork
Decide what the people in the drawings might be wishing and why. Use the
expressions on the Function File card.
47
Module 3B • Speaking
1'1.",>J,
48
5.1 lIJ Talking about your own wishes and regrets
In pairs, find out three things that your partner wishes: one referring to the past,
one to the present and one to the future.
lfJ_. Exam practice: asking questions
Find a new partner.
You have three or four minutes to find out some information about each other
but you must ask for the information using full questions, e.g. How long have
you been learning English?
Student A
Turn to page 108 and find out the answers to the information requested on
the information card.
Student B
Turn to page 112 and find out the answers to the information requested on
the information card.
Now tell the class what you think is the most interesting thing about your
partner.
There are more Paper 5 Part 1 tasks in the Task bank on pages 86-88.
Spotlight on Paper 5 Part 2
1.0 lIJ Describing and spotting the differences
A French Town
On your own, look at these two pictures of the French town Wissant and find
two things which are the same and five things which are different.
WISSANT Hier et Aujourd'hui
t
Yesterday and today • Module 38
1.1 lfJ_ Linking contrasting ideas
LINKING CONTRASTING IDEAS
Which two expressions would be Inappropriate for linking contrasting ideas
when talking about two pictures?
uhcrcas
IL'lI ill'
altlwllgh
17111
Oil tlic otlicr 1/(11111
//('1' I' 1'1 III';('SS
Groupwork
In pairs, tell another pair of students what similarities and differences you found in
1.0, using the words and expressions above.
1.2 1fJ Giving yourself time to think
GIVING YOURSELF TIME TO THINK
Which of the last four expressions offer:
• a logical explanation?
• a possible explanation?
Er . . . l tcouldsau tlutt .
\v.t: I/O/C, II'! 11/1' SCI' ...
It's diffi{'f/II tosm] I'.W('t{l/ hilt.
. - . .
I ('(II/ 'I he .1'111'1' 17111 ..
· .. 1//('1'1' lIIigl/f {W['(' {!I'I'II ..
· .. 1//('1'1' ('(II/ '11/(/1'1' {WI'I/ .
· .. tlur« nutst 1/(/1'1' been ..
· .. tIIlTI' could lun:« 171'1'1/ ..
You may need some time to think
but don't waste time panicking in
your own language! Think aloud in
English. Using fillers can often give
you the time you need. However,
do not overuse them as the
examiner might think you are at a
loss for words permanently!
In groups of three or four, allow yourselves three or four minutes to decide:
• when the first picture was taken.
• what has happened to the small town since the first picture- was t al«-u.
Use the Function File card and think about:
• the number of inhabitants.
• the existence of the war memorial.
• changes in transport.
• lifestyle of the people.
Report back to another group on your decisions.
49
Module 3B • Speaking
50
2.0 lfJ Describing differences in attitudes
Brighton Beach
Look at the two pictures of people at the beach
In pairs, decide what the time interval between the pictures might be, then
prepare a one-minute comparison of the scenes pointing out the possible
differences in the attitudes of the people in the pictures. Make brief notes to help
you remember what you have prepared, if you wish, but remember that in the
exam you will be expected to begin talking almost immediately. You could
mention their attitudes towards and feelings about:
• ruodc-stv.
• s\1llhathil1,l; .uu] swimmillg.
• le-isure- activities,
• fushiou.
Now give your one-minute talk (30 seconds each') to another pair of students
without looking at any notes you may have made:
2.1
To help you with note-taking,
listen to the news on the radio in
your own language and practise
jotting down all the relevant news
in note form. When you have
devised your own note-taking
style, try listening to a similar
broadcast in English. The news is
good training for note-taking as it
is packed with facts and figures,
names and places, all of which are
relevant.
Yesterday and today • Module 38
0_ Listening for answers to questions
You will hear someone talking on a radio programme about the seaside resort of
Brighton as it used to be and as it is today. Read through the following questions
then, as you listen, make notes to help you answer them.You may need to listen
twice.
What happencd in 1/,5:3')
:2 \Vhat led to this 'c\(>n1' happcning')
:3 What two things did Richurd Bussell advise- people to <10:)
-+ \\'11" did he advise- thcm to do thiS:)
.5 \VIn might his advice not be considcred a good thing !()(la\')
fi What happcnccl in !f';,SO')
7 \ \ ' h ~ ' did this happen?
S According to the- programmc. how is Brighton rcgarded !o<!a\')
2.2 lfJ Variable stress
The words on the left all appeared on the tape. They are stressed differently from
the words on the right. Read them all aloud and mark the stress.
e.g. palace palatial
inH'llll·d inve-ntor,
'J
<''\plain('<! (''\)lLulati()]1
.,
hixturi« Ilisto!\ ' )
-+
pul ilir.uiou pnhlis)l
:)
.« l. aillages alhallta,g('()]IS
fi v.uious \arid\
I m()lJ<. rati 0 n nloderatl'
S mavnc-t Illa"I)('! ic
h ,h
Use one word from each pair in a sentence of your own, spoken to a partner.
51
Module 3B • Speaking
52
3.0 lfJ Asking someone to repeat something
POLITELY ASKING SOMEONE TO REPEAT SOMETHING
Wlllcll expression would you use if a loud background noise Interfered with
what the speaker was saying?
Wllicll expression sounds very polite Indeed?
Vvhich expressrons are more Informal?
WllICl, expression could sound rather rude?
1'/11 ,101'1'11 I rlirlll 'I quit: cat clr tlurt ,
SO/'I'II -11111/1 ua« //11// il'!Jlill"
SO/'I'II - ('{"tlrI'foll II/II //11/1 11'!.l/ill, j!/I'II'iI',"
SOITlf-1 roulil « 'I luar 11'111//11011 sait],
\\ '/111/ rlirl'loll 1111;'''
COII/rI'loll !'I Pi'll I 1/11/1, jl/"IISI'."
1'111.<;0 SOITiI l iu! 1'/11 110/1111'1' I II II rll'/'sloorl 1'01'1'1'1'//'1
'_. - - - - - _ . - - - - ~
Luxury hotel (Groupwork for three students)
Student A
Descl'ibe the picture below, As you descnbe the picture, try to explain what
11IIght / could / must have happened to the hotel, Be ready to explain what you
have said in a slightly different way if your partner does not seem to understand
you.
Students Band C
At intervals Interrupt politely (without annoying your partner), pretending that you
haven't heard or understood what your partner has said, Use the expressions on
the Function File card,
Yesterday and today • Module 38
When you have finished, look at the picture below and suggest what might /
could / must have happened to the train,
Student B: describe the picture,
Students A and C: interrupt politely to ask for clarification,
Now change roles again Stucient C, describe the picture below SlKjcJcslirlg what
miqht / could / must have happened to the ship,
Students A and B, interrupt politely to ask for clarification
53
Module 3B • Speaking
3.1 .l!J Asking if someone agrees
ASKING IF SOMEONE AGREES
Which expression expects the listener to agree?
Which expression sounds as if you are trying to persuade someone to
agree with you?
Which expression gives the impression that you do not believe what you are
hearing?
Do / "!ollid IjOIl agree icitl, .
YOIl agree, tluu! uou:
I IWI/(Ia ifijOIl icoulil agree.
Do IjOIl rl'lllllj thin]: that."
Do IjOIl go alollg icit h tliat?
"'oIlMII't IjOIt .\'([lj that. J
Sllrdljlfoll clun! think ilia! .. "
See also Finding out if everyone agrees on page 21.
Groupwork
Decide which of the following explanations for what happened in the pictures on
pages 52 and 53 is the most likely. Take it in turns to ask the other students
whether they agree with each statement or not. Use the expressions on the
Function File card.
1'h('J"(:s lx-r-u un c-arthquu]«-.
2 1'1]('r('\ 1)('('n an accidc-nt.
:1 It's a pllh]icih stunt.
-l TII('J"(:s lx-c-u an e-xplosion.
,J Tlu-ns lx-c-n a Iirc-.
() It's lIn(' to sahotag('.
"
,J
5
1
54
3.2 o Interpreting attitudes
Listen to some people talking about the hotel in the picture on page 52. As you
listen, decide how they feel about what has happened. Which words best sum
up the attitude of the speakers?
A upsd
B angry
C ('\cit(·d
D not SOITY
E puzzled
F «uiltv
,-' .
G rcliey('(l
II bored
4.0
Remember what is being tested in
Part 2 is not just your ability to
keep talking, but your ability to talk
about what the examiner asks you
to talk about. If you simply
describe the picture and do not
mention the attitudes and
problems of those living there,
you have failed to take up the
opportunity to show what you
can do.
Yesterday and today • Module 36
tfJ Commenting on what you see
Loft extension
Look at the advertisement and individually make notes to prepare a one-minute
description of the Smiths' house (the one on the left) and the attitudes and
problems of the people living in it.
Take it in turns to describe the house and the Smiths to a partner. Use the
minute to include everything you prepared in your notes and do not waste time
talking about something off the point. Your partner will time you and stop you, if
necessary, after one minute.
4.1 tfJ Comparing and contrasting
COMPARING
Which two expressions mean 'generally speakinq'?
Which expression sounds rather rude and dismissive?
Can you add any other expressions to the list?
I(I/Ol/ ('olllj)llre .
Oil 1/11' tcltol« .
Youju«! 1'(/11'1 COII/j)I/i'('. ,
lju»t dOIl'1 SCI' /U!lC 1/01/ 1'(/1/ COl/lj)(/i'('.
COI/II' ofnl.' There'« /10 comparison /)('IICI'cl/ .
131/ (I/ull(/rgc.
Pairwork
Discuss with a partner how the loft extension in the Jones's house has changed
the appearance of the building and the quality of life of the people living in it. Use
the expressions on the Function File card.
How effective is the advert in persuading people to invest in a loft extension?
Would you be persuaded by it? Why?
55
Module 38 • Speaking
4.2 l!J Explaining how you feel
EXPLAINING HOW YOU FEEL ABOUT SOMETHING
Which expressions are often used before making a personal 'confession'?
Can you add any other expressions to the list?
'Fell, the thi//g is , , .
TI/e reason is t liat ..
Let /II(' explain ... 11011 sec.
That's because .
TIl('facf is .
To 1)(' hones! .
Personal experience
Take one minute to tell a partner what you feel about where you live at the
moment. Explain what you enjoy or sometimes find slightly annoying about living
there and give your reasons. Use the expressions on the Function File card, Your
partner will stop you after one minute.
l!J Exam practice
Urban sprawl
Student A
Look at the three drawings showing how one area of the countryside has
changed over many years and describe to a partner what has happened and
how the lives of the people living in this area have been affected by the
development. Say whether you think the changes have been for the better or
for the worse,
Student 8
Listen to your partner's description and when they have finished, say whether
you agree with their opinion.
56
-=' -r:
Yesterday and today • Module 3B
Farming - then and now
Student B
Look at the three drawings showing how a small farm has changed over the
years and descnbe to a partner what has happened to it and how the lives of
the people living In it have been affected by the changes. Say whether you think
the changes have been for the better or for the worse.
Student A
Listen to your partner's description and when they have finished, say whether
you agree with their opinion.
~ - '
There are more Paper 5 Part 2 tasks in the Task bank on pages 88-91.
57
Module 3C/D • Speaking
Spotlight on Paper 5 Parts 3 and 4
1.0 l!J Collaborating and summing up
SUMMING UP
Which expression Implies two possibilities?
Which expression might be used after rather a lengthy discussion?
B(/siC(/!/Ij. it's (I (/lleltioll oflc/II'I/II'r.
III luic]. .
III (/ uonl, .
.'10.11'//(/1 Icc'r!'Wl1lillg is.
So. 10 SIIIII "!' .
III 01/11'1' uonls..
In small groups decide what this picture might be advertising. Use the
expressions on the Function File card to summarize what you decided, then tell
another group what your decision was.
58
1.1 n Saying whether you are interested
Work through the Function File cards, then listen to what the picture in 1.0 is
advertising and say whether you are interested in what you hear or not.
SAYING YOU ARE INTERESTED
Which expression suggests that you are 'crazy' about something?
Can you add any expressions to the list?
Tin UTII /';'1'1'11 Oil .
lfillrl ... ji/li'iIl(ltilig.
Actll(//hj. tltl» IIJlie of. .. 1'1'(///'1 inti-rest» /III'
ln, (/ hit ofofil1/(/lic.
Art and culture • Module 3C/D
SAYING YOU AREN'T INTERESTED
Which expression IS very informal?
Which is rather abrupt and rude?
Can you add any other expressions to the list?
lfilld ... ratlur Imrillg.
. iS1I'1 11111 kind url/lillg lit al].
I caut sml I line: mill gr('(/I interest ill .
I ('0/1 Mil 'I care less about .
2.0 l!J Saying something is (in)appropriate
A Choose two pictures and describe them to a partner so that they can identify
them.
B Decide together which men's and women's clothes illustrated above you think
would be suitable for the occasions listed below, and say why, using the
expressions on the Function File card. You may have some ideas of your own for
suitable occasions for the clothes!
a picni« outdoors
a lorura] dinne-r
a LlIIC\ dre-ss part\
a \\'l,ddill<f
M
a Iliki;lg trip
workin« ill all OI'fiC('
M
SAYING SOMETHING IS (IN)APPROPRIATE
Which expression sounds very informal and rather dismissive?
Which expressions would you use?
Can you add any other expressions?
I tliinl: this icoul«! he Ii)JpropriliteJ(lr.
I{IJOII lure goillg to .. " 110/1 II/ighl / coulr! Isllli/lM u.car,
This looks toofimlllil / in{orll/lilfiir.
I icouldu't he s('ell dcatl ill .
This IW/llr/(11'1) he s/li/lihlefiJr.
This icould he higldll illlipproprilite/or.
59
Module 3C/D • Speaking
2.1 lfJ Saying something is or isn't fashionable
In small groups, discuss what is or isn't fashionable at the moment in your
country, e,g, clothes, hairstyles, jewellery, shoes, then say whether you like or
dislike the current fashions, Use expressions from the Function File card,
SAYING SOMElHING IS OR ISN'T FASHIONABLE
Which expression suggests that something is horribly
old- fashioned?
Which expression suggests that something is extremely popular?
Which expressions are very Informal'?
, is / lin' 11111111' m:.!,(' III IIII' IIiOIlI('IiI,'
, uiul 0111 uitl: IIII' arl:'
'" is i an: 'ill'l/lil,III1IiIl('j'
, , , is / lin' II "l'"! iul cn: / II IIfi/I!1 iOIlIt/ill',
[(I' Irl'lIdll 10 I L'I'II I' ,
, , , 1//'(' 1'1'1I1111 t ntult].
3.0 l!J Making a choice
Work through the Function File card then do the groupwork activities A and B,
MAKING A CHOICE
Which would not Impress the examiner, although It IS a perfectly valid
comment to make'? Why not?
Can you add any other expressions to the list?
[dl'fillildll uoulilu '111'11'1'1 tlri: 0111' /)(,I'IIIr,(',
.\/I/II)lIg/l 1IIi, (1/11' ,('('11/" " ii ucntltlu 'I,
'/11,1 gll/I/{'ill:.!, 1111111'11I (1lIil'k/ll I'd gofil/',
Th!« oui:« ccrt aiuh] II j)ol,i!iililll /)('('(11/1('
'n,i. 1'('}'llIill/yll'ollldll 'I hI' III/I clioic« /)('('(//{I('
J)(jillildll tlu» 0111'
National monument (Groupwork)
A' Funds are available to build a new national monument in your country to
commemorate a special occasion, Look at this list of suggested
commemorations and decide what to commemorate,
60
• a LllllOllS writ.r 01' artist
• a Ll,'ligiolls I('acl<-r
• a gn'at polit ic-iuu
• a national e-ve-nt \\hich cham;l'l\ history
• ;1 gn'at .u-hu-vr-u u-ut
• ;11I iuiportant hirt]: or w('elelillg
• an iuvr-nt iou or elisl'{)\('!\
• tl«- ('IIe1 nluu I'ra
Art and culture • Module 3C/D
~ Y-arious suggestions for what kind of monument it should be have been put
forward. Decide what kind of monument you would like to erect and where you
would erect it. You can use the designs and suggestions below to help you or
you can suggest something different.
61
Module 3C/D • Speaking
62
3.1 lIJ Arguing for and against
Divide into groups of four to six. Half of each group will be Team A, and the other
half Team B.
You are going to argue about this statement.
ALL JIISITSTO M(JSE()MS A N ~ MON{)MOITSSHOUL/) B{ rKEEl
--
Team A
You agree with the statement. Each member of the team must speak for 30
seconds, and should prepare to put forward a different argument in favour of the
statement to Team B. First, look at the Function File card together.
ARGUING FOR
Which expression suggests you are approving someone else's proposal?
Which expression conveys less than enthusiastic support?
I CIII/'l 1'1'(' IIIIIII//ill!.!, I/!.!,I/il/sl .
['11/ It/ljill'/ inj(llol/roj'.
lrl ccrtaiuh] giU' ... IIlIlslIjJjwrl.
It icould II/II/.;C \'CI/SC 10.
Tlurc« 1/ 10110/)(' .w/ilijill' ..
Allow yourselves two or three minutes to prepare what you are going to say.
These ideas might help you:
• culture for all
• 1l101l('\' availuhle
• educational
• importance or our heritagc
If you can't think of anything to
say, relate the statement to the
situation in your own country and
say whether it works or not!
Art and culture • Module 3C/D
Team B
You disagree with the statement. Each member of the team must speak for 30
seconds, and should prepare to put forward a different argument against the
statement to Team A. First, look at the Function File card together.
ARGUING AGAINST
Which expression sounds very informal?
Which expression sounds rather formal?
Can you add any other expressions to the list?
TIIII(s all tcn] ILI'!I . . . liu! .
rOil caut !}ossihh/ WII/ 111111.
Its alisolu!« I/OI/SCI/S!' 10 WII/ tliat .
rill tlcac! IIgllil/st .
[ 1'1'11/11/ coulclut ml/i!ol/c .
Allow yourselves two or three minutes to prepare what you are going to say.
These ideas might help you:
• who will pm
• It'cS miuimal
• 1I11lSCIIIIIS ill [iu.mci.i] dil'ficllltil's
• COllc('ssiolls available- lor stlldcllts alld xc-uinr citii'.l'JIS
When everyone is ready, Team A should argue their case, then Team B can reply
with theirs. No one should interrupt while someone is speaking!
Which group stated its case most convincingly?
Now repeat the procedure with Team B agreeing With and Team A disagreeing
with this statement.
~ " ALL WORKSi'ARTSHOULD BE RETURNED to the
. ~ GOVERNMENTPI{he COUNTRY THEY CAME F ~ O M
Team B,agree with the statement. These ideas might help you:
• art is part of national heritagc
• works of art lose the-ir impact outside tlnir original c-nviruuuu-ut
• onlv state call alhml pmper protr-ction
• c-ulture- helongs to the people, not just thc wcaltll\
Team A, disagree with the statement. These Ideas might help you:
• no funds uvailahl« to re-purchase
• corrupt state- could misuse pri\'ilpgp
• owners not prepare-cl to sell
• suggestion undemocratic
Which group stated its case most convincingly?
63
Module 3C/D • Speaking
4.0 l!J Collaborating and reporting
Spot the forgery
Look at the two pictures of Van Gogh's Or Paul Gachet and decide what the
differences between them are and which you think is the genuine work of art.
Only one is genuine, the other is a torqervl
64
R8POrt your decisions to another group. Did you agree? You can find the right
answer on page 150
1
4.1 0 Listening for statements the speakers make
A You will hear a news item on the radio in which a reporter and a police
commissaire are discussing an art scandal. DUring the discussion they make
various comments. For questions 1 to 12, Indicate which comments are made
by the reporter and which are made by the Corrrnissaire. by writing
. R (for the reporter)
C (for the Cornrnissaire)
or N (for neither),
I \Ir alld \Iro.; \ ' ~ l I l I)l'll B l ' r ~ l ' l l li\l'd ratlll'r gLlIlllh ill tl«- !in'lldl
l·olilltnsidl'.
,J Till' (:Olllillissain' dOllhts \\lll'tlll'r till' loot i,o.; ]'('l'()\(']'ahll'.
:1 Tlll']'(' lrasut lx-cn ~ 1 I 1 art sealldallih' tllis Iln' t\\O dl'l'adl's.
Tlll' fon';lTil's .ur- 1I0t Oil sho\\ lor tlll' p]'('ss to Sl'l',
,) Thl' pidlln's \\i1l1ll' .unt iour-cl.
() SOIlIl' of tlll' pictures .ir« \\'orth a lot of 1I1011l'\,
Art and culture • Module 3C/D
I \ 'an 0<:-'11 Bergell sold III i:t11: , of the f()rgcrit-'s ill Ce-rmunv.
i) Police ,lITcskd hill! at home.
\:! Local people SCl\\'!ittle of .\Ir \'an Den Bcrgen.
I() Van Den Bergen will spend at least three H ~ a r s in prison.
II Art collectors can noxv hrc-athe- a sigh of'rclief'
12 Van Di-u Bergen migltt not Ill' allowed to paint in prisoll.
S Analyse your success or failure. Look at the tapescript on page 135 and
compare the script with the reformulated statements. What helped you to
recognize the statements the speakers made?
4.2 lIJ Arguing for and against
Optional speaking activity (Groupwork)
In groups of four or five argue for and against the following statement.
It makes no dilfewllC'e if' a work of art is a forger\ - it's still a work of art 1
You can refer back to the Function File cards in 3.1 if you wish. You may
interrupt each other but do so politely!
l!J Exam practice
Art scholarship (Groupwork)
Look at the pictures of sculptures by local artists. Talk about what the artists
might be trying to express in their work, then decide which sculptor should
win a scholarship worth $30,000 to go and study anywhere in the world for
a year.
Take three or four minutes to discuss and decide.
Now discuss these questions.
"'ltat makr-x a work of art Iumous or expl'nsiH'::>
2 \ VI 1\ do people eolll'ct works of are
:3 \VIt" is an artist's life often a \l'r\ di/Ticnlt one:
J
. .
4 How can we Itelp \Ollng artists to realize the-ir potentiaP
There are more Paper 5 Parts 3 and 4 tasks in the Task bank on pages 91-95.
Even if you personally don't like
anyof the alternatives provided,
lookfor something whichattracts
or interests you slightly about one
of them. Inthis wayyou cangive
theexaminer a wider sample of
language for assessment.
65
LISTENING
Achievements
B Survival
A question of gender
Points of view
Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 1
1.0 0 Justifying selection
You will hear four people talking about inventions. Write down what they
consider to be the 'greatest little invention'.
Creat little inventions
·7
.,
.)
1.1
Don't waste time agonizing over
spelling! Write your answer in
pencil quickly, check it on the
second listening, then make your
final decision about spelling as you
transfer your answers to the
answer sheet, or the OMR (Optical
Mark Reader) as it is called.
66
Which of these 'little inventions' do you consider to be the greatest and why?
What other 'great little inventions' would you add to the list?
o Listening for more precise information
You will hear a talk about an inventor. Read through the notes below then, as
you listen, fill in the missing information.
A bright spark: Joseph Wilson Swan
Born: (1)
Die-d: (2)
Aged 1:3 started work as (:3)
18-Hi qualified as a (-±)
Companv also ruanufacturc-r] (3) _
H:l62 patented a nu-thod of (6) _ __
186.2marriecl(7)
_
1871 married (8l- _ __ _ _ _
Achievements • Module 4A
1\ umber of children: (9)
Began to sturlv (10) .
I Wi9 in public presented the (11)
11)1)1 !cmned a comlxlll\' called The (12)
11)1):3 Swan lormc«] a partnership with (1:3)
In his lifetime he recehed manv (1-1)
1.2
Understanding the implications of
what you hear, rather than just
listening to the words spoken, will
help you to take in what is being
said and to focus on the
'Information you need to listen for
to complete the tasks in the exam,
l!J Interpreting in more depth what you hear
Pairwork
Discuss answers to the following questions about the talk in 1,1, You may need
to listen to the tape again, but not all the information needed to answer the
questions appears explicitly on the tape and there may be more than one
possible answer,
1 \\'here do \OU think 1](' nlight han' me-t his first w i k ' ~
::) \\'11\ do vou think II(' c-vc-utuallv uuuric-r] he-r siste-r:' (sl'\eral possihl('
answers I]('re')
:3 \\'11\ was the allllil'lll'e in "'('wcastll' 'Ltscinatl'd"J
-1 Ilow did Sw.m help Edison?
S \\'11\ is Edison's u.uuc- more- well-kllown than Swan's'J
() \\'hat kind or recognition, hesides a knighthood, nligllt S\\:lll Ila\(' n'l'('i\('d')
Compare your answers with another pair of students,
2.0 0 Listening for missing information
You will hear someone talking about a book award, Read through the following
notes then, as you listen, fill in the missing information,
Book award
Title of award: (I)
Awarded lor books which peopk (2)
To 1)(' shortlistc-d, hooks must make rc-udr-rs want to (:3)
Compe-tition jllllgl'd h\ people who read onlv (-1)
Prizewinner to 1)(' announced (.'5)
Can you explain what the title of the award means?
67
Module 4A • Listening
2.1 rl Listening for a storyline
You will hear someone talking about two of the books shortlisted for the prize
mentioned in 2.0. Read through the following summaries of the books then, as
you listen, fill in the missing information.
A simple plan
\\'hile tr:ing to escape Irom a ( 1) . tlm'l' uu-n find a pl.u«-
which (:2)
(4)
. a pilot who is (:3)
in a hag. Tl11'\ deeidl' to (,'j) hut
the scheme- re-sults in one- or tIll' characters lJl'ing ((1)
The hook has lJl'en <kserilJl'd as an original (';")
Night shall overtake us
Four schoolgirls xwr-ar tllat tl11'\ wi]] alwa\s U.;)
will soon fael' tIll' horror or tIll' ( ~ ) )
, Tlll'\
, ill wlliel, t lu-ir h\I'S
will Ill' turne-d (10)
to ( 11)
, Aurora first eanlpai,gns Jill' till' rigllt
auc] tlll'll ]ll'COIlII'S (12)
II's a saga or tragl,<k uun-st ruiuc-d passioll and (1:3)
realler is const.mtlv \\'olld<Tillg \\ho willlJl' tIll' first to
(14)
. TIll'
2.2
3.0
3.1
In the exam you can usually
predict, to a certain extent, what
you are going to hear by reading
through the task questions
carefully. This will make you more
confident about the listening task
and help you to focus on the
answers to the task questions.
68
l!J Making a choice
Which novel in 2.1 would you prefer to read? Which do you think might win the
prize? Give reasons for your answer.
l!J Coping with fame
What would be the positive and negative aspects of being well-known or
famous? How would you feel if you were well-known or famous?
o Predicting quickly what something is about
A You will hear someone being interviewed. Before listening to the interview,
read through the following questions.
I \\'ho is going to lw illtn',i<'\\eIP
:2 \ Vhat was his pn'\iOllS ,ioh')
:3 \\'hat is hc about to hl'coul(")
4 What is hc liuullv descrilied as:)
Achievements • Module 4A
B Now, as you listen to the interview, make brief notes to help you answer the
questions.
3.2
Remember, the statements made
will not repeat word for word what
the speakers say on the tape. You
should be looking for the
information on the tape expressed
in a different way. In addition, the
comments the speakers do not
make might look plausible as you
read through them. You will have
to listen very carefully to decide
whether they were actually made
or not.
3.3
o Listening for statements the speakers make
Read through the statements below then listen to the rest of the programme
mentioned in 3.1. During the interview various comments are made. Indicate
which comments are being made by 8am and which by the interviewer by
writing
8 (for 8am)
I (for the interviewer)
or N (for neither)
1 Sams writing care('J" hegan at univc-rsitv.
') C<'ttillg the- nove-l accepted lor publication was not a prohlc-m.
:3 Sanl eni()\H! his modcllim; assign111cnts in Europe.
-t Salll's Iliodellilig success was nuuu-di.rt«.
.'5 Sam could have- carru«] 011 heing a modr-].
(i Sam's written a storv about the [utun-.
7 The 1l10<!('Ilillg worlr] has l l l i . U l ~ · adY<llltages.
i) Sum has Iric-ucls in high places.
S) Saill's future- looks hright.
o Recognizing words in context
Often the words you hear on tape are confusing. You might mistakenly hear the
wrong word (hair instead of hare), the wrong pronunciation (dim instead of din),
or the wrong stress and pronunciation (harmful instead of half full). However,
the context will usually help you to identify most of the words you hear.
You will hear ten shorter comments similar to those you heard in the interview in
3.2. However, the speakers use one inappropriate word in each comment. Write
down the inappropriate word, then try to supply the appropriate one.
(i
:)
.,
.)
.J
-
I
lO
4.0 0 Understanding and remembering longer pieces of
information
Listen to the introduction to a radio programme called The Power of The Press.
As you listen, make a note of the question the lady in the Midlands asks. You
may need to listen twice.
Before you hear the results of the investigation, what do you think the answer is
going to be?
69
Module 4A • Listening
4.1
It is useful to be ableto match
information youhearontapewith
similar information inthetask
questions. Thiswill helpyoufollow
the lineof development inthe
listening extract andidentify
statements speakers make.
4.2
o Following a line of development
You will hear the rest of Peter Rainer's report. The following points were all made
but they are in the wrong order. Read through the points carefully, then, as you
listen, arrange them in their order of appearance on the tape. Write the numbers
1-8 beside the points as they are mentioned. The first three are done for you.
A TIl(' Times received more correspondence uhout poor children than it had
ahout any other issue.
13 Reports of the death of a young hoy in care appean,d in t lu- lIewspapers.
C Social Se-rvice-s dcpartnwnts were set up.
D Laclv Alle-n made the puhlic aware of tlu- unsatisbl'ton arrangt'mt'llts ma<1t'
Cor childre-n in can'. 1
F: Childn-ux dtopartmellts came into IWillg.
F Lath- Allen pointe-d out that society 'looked down Oil' lH'('th childrell. 2
C The gOHTnment se-t IlP a committe-e- to ill\l'stigate tIll' pligllt of orphalled
childrell.
H Lath- Allen <1t'nlaIH!t'd a pulilic c-nquir-,. :3
Compare your answers with those of another student.
l!J Discussing
Groupwork
Discuss the following questions. Allow four or five minutes, then compare your
decisions with those of another group.
I \\'hat are the diCkn'Jl('es hetween a tabloid lH'\\'spapt'r, tlu- 'glltkr' pn'ss
and a quality lH'wspapn')
:) \\'hy do newspapers usual]. ooutaiu ilion' 'had' thun 'good' II('WS itt'llIs')
:3 How rar do von think lwwspapers iulluc-uc-c- what l)('opk thillkr
Exam practice: gap-fill
You will hear a radio presenter and an airline employee talking about language
courses for the cabin staff of an airline company, For questions 1-10
complete the missing information with a\1 appropriate word or short phrase.
You will hear the recording twice,
Crew are not taught the (I) __
Instructors use (2, ) __
Lessons might take place in a (:3)
restaurant (4)
used in some grammar hooks.
to teach the cre-w foreign languages.
of part of an aircraft or a
than it did previously, Today the airline ernplovs more (.5)
The language trainers are extremely (6)
Bill Brown became (7)__ "_ six years ago,
Language classes are targeted mainly at (8) crew,
Provision is also made for (9) crew.
On a special (l 0) __ _ crew can trv out one of the courses,
70
There are more Paper 4 Part 1 tasks in the Task bank on pages 96-98,
Survival • Module 48
Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 2
1.0 lfJ _ Interpreting artwork
Pairwork
Decide what point the picture might be making and whether it is making it
successfully. Compare your decisions with those of another pair of students.
1.1 n Relating what you see to what you hear
You will hear three speakers talking about the environment. They all make at
least two of the points A to I. Read through the points then, as you listen, decide
which points each speaker makes. No point is made twice and one point is not
made at all. Listen only once.
Speaker 1 Speaker 2 Speaker :3
-
I
.J
;)
Points made
A Othe-r things more- important than the c-uvironuu-ut
B Cut consumption of' natural rt-xounx-s
c: Covr-rnmr-nt lacking in policies
D Attitude'S of tho«: involvr«] unsvmpatlu-tic
E Problem a sensitive oIll'
F Not much time left
C :'\'0 action to date
H New projects should he c-nvironmr-ut-frir-ndlv
I Future success rp]ics on solar power
1.2lfJ Evaluating the opinions of others
Groupwork
Decide which speaker you identify with most. Report back to another group
giving reasons for your opinions.
71
o Identifying information which is repeated in
some way
You will hear a radio programme about different ways to beat stress. Read
through the notes then, as you listen, fill in the missing information. You will hear
the recording only once.
Module 4B • listening
2.0
Don't be tempted to answer
questions using prior knowledge
or by guessing only. The answer
must match the information on the
tape - it might be what you think
or it might be something
completely different!
Stressbusters
Ac-rohic (',\cITis(' usuallv lilah,s \011 ( ]1
Tlu- Ak-xundc-r Tr-chuiquc- is \CI\ use-ful wln-u (2)
COlll1(Ttrod.
He-laxation tapcs arc oltc-n pn'scrilH'd lor \(T\ (:3)
])OId 1)(> put ofT \oga l» t11(' thought of (--!-)
S\lIlptOlliS arc
o Identifying pros (arguments for) and cons
(arguments against)
A Read through the list of pros relating to the Stressbusters, then, as you listen,
match the points you hear to the four different ways of 'busting' stress. One
point is not made. You will hear the recording only once.
2.1
As you read through a list of
options, identify the key words
and try to match them to what you
hear on the tape.
Aerobic exercise
Alexander Techriique
"
.)
Hclaxation lapes
Y o ~ a
Pros
.\ lu-lps hack alld xliouldr-r prohll>llls
B 110 agl' limits
C l'aS' to orgalli/I'
j) 110 sp('cial l'ljllipllll'llt 11('('(lcd
E III('('(S \1>111' s]H'ciallll'I'ds
F h'I'j1s \011 fit
(; \011 clout hall' to ]H' 'good at it"
II (h>ap
I \OU Illakl' I"ril'lId.'
B Now read through the list of cons. Then, as you listen, match the points made
to the four different ways of 'busting' stress. Again, one point is not needed. You
will hear the recording only once.
72
Aerobic exercise
2
Alexander Technique
Relaxation tapes
,S
(1
Yoga
-
I
COliS
.\ docs 1I0t lnur-Iit \Olllig pcopll'
B lIccds a scril'.' 01"]1 'SSOliS
C ill\oll(>s a lot 01" I·f!()rt
]) call ] H' hori II g
E high risk of' iujurx
F not active- l'lll>llgll
(; L\lllih- Illah> lun 01" \011
II oftCli clillicult to fit into vour routiuc-
I 110 inunc-rliutc- ]H'lIdits
Survival • Module 48
2.2 n Spelling words you hear
Listen to ten words which appeared on the tape in 2,0 and 2,1 and see if you
can spell them correctly,
6
2
3
4
5
7
8
9
10
Check your spellings then use the words in a sentence of your own to show that
you understand their meaning,
3.0 n Identifying information which is recycled in
some way
You will hear someone talking about North American mountain lions, Read
through the notes, then, as you listen, complete the missing information, You will
hear the recording only once,
Earthwatch and the North American mountain lions
II' q)11 COllI<' into clos(' coutac-t wit l: a '\ortII ,\lll<'rieall mouutuin lion. \011
shollid (I)
US galli(' agellcies knoxv (2)
Eartlncat ch startc-cl (:3)
tl](' liun.
ill I ~ ) 7 : ? ,
Our auu 01' Eartlncotc], is to lllldersralid wlwt af'l('ds til<' I-()
.-artl).
F',(/rl!IIU1lc!1 is a \q,ICOIII(' challge lroru (5)
E"rl!IIU1lr-!/ will take \'011 to tlu- (fi)
To [oin the- part\', \'011 lIeed to 1)(' (7)
Oil
3.1 l!J Identifying what you hear
The left-hand words all appeared on the tape in 3,0, Read them aloud together
with the right-hand words and mark the strong and weak stresses, Not all the
words are stressed differently!
persecllted P<' rse-cu ti on
-
Iauuliur
Llilliliaril\
2 hum.m hII IIIan itv
S couuu«rcial COllllli('J'('('
,0
direct (adp direct (n'rb)
U cO]lIpal1\'
eOllipanioll
,)
-(
orv.mized organization 10 aCC0111 modatiou .ucouunO( late
,-"
'J projects (noun) projects (verb) 11 real
real it\
(i
scientific scientist
12 ii I formatioi I ill f()]'f 11
Now use one of the words from each pair in a sentence of your own,
73
Module 48 • Listening
74
3.2 t Discussing
Groupwork
Decide what the positive and negative aspects of a holiday with Earthwatch
might be and whether you would like to go on this type of holiday or not.
4.0 n Identifying information which is recycled in
some way
Re-enacting a battle scene
Listen to an announcer speaking at an open-air re-enactment of a battle and
decide whether the following statements are made by the announcer. Write
either Y (for yes) or N (for no) next to each statement. Listen only once.
I TIJ(' Soc-it-tv is COllllll('lI1oratillg a hattlc- which took plaC(' lJ('tW('('ll r('llow
COlli 1trvmc -n.
:2 The e-xact site or tlH' liattl« is unkno-vu.
:3 The hatt l« decided what kin«] or g()\('rlllIH'llt tIl(' couut rv was to ha\('.
-f This is on« or the most .uuhitious or t lu- Sol'il't\'s n'-('llal'tIlH'llls.
,'5 There are other c-utc-rtainuu-ntx a\ailah](, at this ('\('llt.
(-j TIl(' crowd are all W('arillg COStll11H'S or tlJ(' period.
7 SOIll(' of those lll'"ohrd ill t l u- figlltillg arc \\'()1l1('11.
S Sp('l'tators S('('lll to 1)(' buuclud togd]H'r ill OIl(' an'a.
4.1 lIJ Describing a re-enactment
Pairwork
Student A
Look at the photograph from a programme for the Sealed Knot Society on page
113 and describe the scene which is being re-enacted. You have one minute to
do this. Do not show your picture to your partner.
Student 8
Look at the photograph on page 124. It is similar to the one your partner is
to describe. As you listen to your partner describing their photograph, see if you
can find two things which are the same' and two things which are different in
your picture. When your partner has finished, talk about the similarities and
differences.
4.2 lIJ Saying you'd rather not / you aren't sure / you'd
like to
Simulation (Groupwork)
Student A
You are about to become a member of the Sealed Knot Society but your friends
are not very enthusiastic about joining. Try to persuade them to join. You could
mention these points:
• the e-xc-itc-uuut.
• travel.
• raising +<)1' charitv.
• making friends.
• learning ahout history.
Survival • Module 48
Other students
You have been invited by Student A to become a member of the Sealed Knot
Society. Using the expressions on the Function File cards, say whether you'd like
to or not and give your reasons.
SAYING YOU'D RATHER NOT
Which sentences express the most reluctance?
Which sentence offers an excuse?
Add expressions of your own to the list.
'Fell, I'd rather 1I0t, ifyoll don't mind.
I don't rcallyfccl it's IJ/Y kiiul ofthillg.
YOll call count IIIC out!
It SCCIJ/S a strallgc sort of thillg to do, if110ll ask nu.
Actllally, I don't rcalli] think I couldjuu! the tinu.
SAYING YOU AREN'T SURE
Which expressions suggest that the speaker might never get round to
making a decision?
Can you add any expressions of your own?
HIIIIII. . I'd liacc to tliiul: abou! it.
'Fell, rill ill tico minds about it rcalli].
I can't nutl:«up nnj niuu],
Tin uot altogctlll'rsllre I'd CI!joy it.
SAYING YOU'D LIKE TO
Which sentence sounds too enthusiastic?
Which sounds as if the speaker is slightly less keen on the idea?
Can you add any other expressions?
That sounds a grcat idea.
I think I IJ/ight lie able to icork IIp SOIlIC eutli usiasui [or the itlca.
Can't thin]: of(llIytllillg I'd like better.
Necer ill Illy icildest dreams did I ilJ/agille I'd .
75
Module 4C • Listening
o Exam practice: gap-fill
Listen to a presenter on the radio talking about the Sealed Knot Society and
for questions 1-8 complete the sentences. Listen very carefully as you will
hear the recording ONCE only.
The founder of the Sealed Knot had studied (1)
historv. Our- oj'its
aims is to interest (:2)
in the- chil war. The Sealed Knot has
than auv other European Re-enac'tmcnt Society.
There are. [rowc-vc-r. no H)
nu-n J1)(, rs.
Some of t!Jcir profits arc giH'n to difkrellt (.'5)
Tlw Socie-tv is uhl« to attract ((i)
The Socic-tv is prepared to attl'lId (,)
The Society conjlll'cs up tIll' past to 1]('1p tlu- (S)
if ash'd.
cach vc-ur.
There are more Paper 4 Part 2 tasks In the Task bank on pages 98-100.
Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 3
1.0 l!J Collaborating
Female / Male preconceptions
00 you consider that women and girls have different personalities from men and
boys? In groups of three list two attributes you feel are more characteristically
female, and two male, then compare your lists with another group.
1.1 0 Listening for specific details
You will hear a list of five attributes. As you listen, fill in the missing information.
awarellcss of (1)
(:2)
thinking (-!)
ahilitv
skills
76
rClllclllhcring (:J)
A question of gender • Module 4C
1.2 l!J Expressing personal opinions
In the same groups as for 1.0, decide which of the attributes In the list in 1.1 you
regard as being more charactenstically female or male.
2.0 l!J Testing preconceptions
Test the opinions you expressed In 1.0 and 1.2 with these qender-sensitive
questions Allow yourselves about five minutes.
o Whichtwo figures beloware identical tothefigure inthesquare?
2 3 4
o Study theobjects in group A for one minute and cover it up. Then look at
group B and put anXthrough thefigures not intheoriginal array. Score one
point for eachitem correctly crossed out and subtract one point for each item
incorrectly crossed out.
B
:f?'
l:;l1
I
In
[i111j il
'Vi
I
ii ?::
I 4
~ \ j ~ li\l
A
E) Name asmany synonyms for thefollowing
words asyou can inthreeminutes:
clear dark strong wild
77
Module 4C • Listening
2.1 0 Listening for facts and figures
Listen to the official results of the gender sensitive questions and complete the
missing information.
1
Numbers (a) same
(b) % of women and (c) . ._ rj( of men scored corrt-ctlv.
The perfect score: (d)
An'rage score lor wome-n: (e)
An'rage score lor men: (f)
AH'rage score for women: (g)
A\erage score fill' men: (h)
per word
per word
78
What is your reaction to the results? Are you surprised / interested / sceptical /
reassured? Explain why.
2.2 0 Evaluating preconceptions and selecting
Female versus male
You will hear seven statements on tape. Listen to them carefully, and write down
three of them which might be based on the results of the gender-sensitive
questions in 2.0.
Compare your choices with the rest of the class.
3.0 l!J. Trying to decipher notes
The following notes were made while listening to two statements about
perception. Can you reconstruct them so that they make sense?
Statement 1
M better at think :3 dimens, Foss. '.' hunting. req. orient. when look. prey.
Statement 2
F better at rernemb. locat. Poss. '.' forag. food. When look loor] must
rememb. unconnec. items.
3.1 0: Comparing notes
Cover the notes you read in 3.0. You will hear the two statements which were
made about perception. Listen to them twice, and, as you listen, take notes.
When you have finished, compare your notes with those you tried to decipher in
3.0.
A question of gender • Module 4C
You maynot understandthe
precisemeaning of a word or
know howto spell it, but may
know what it meansincontext.
Usethe word you know
(remember insteadof recaln if it
conveyswhat you want to say.
3.2
4.0
Youmay know somethingabout
the subject, but you must indicate
onlythe comments the speakers
make.
Statement 1 _
Statement :2
Now, without looking at your notes or statements, try to express in your own
words what the speakers are saying.
lIJ Expressing personal opinions
In small groups, decide whether you think there is any truth in the statements in
3.1. Be ready to give reasons for your opinions.
o Identifying comments the speakers make
You will hear a scientist and a radio reporter on an educational programme
talking about male and female differences in animal species. During the interview
they make various comments. For questions 1-16 indicate which comments are
being expressed by Sally, the scientist, and which are expressed by Martin, the
reporter, by writing
S (for Sally)
M (for Martin)
or N (for neither).
You will hear the recording twice.
turtle whiptail lizard jacana bird cichlid
\ \'e humans expect the animal world to l)('h<l\e as we- do.
') Turtle eggs arc laid in the sand.
:3 Onlv female turtle-s are hatched in sunnv places.
-+ After hatching. male anc] female turtle-s s ( ~ e k shmh pl.uc-x.
.') The-re- arc no male whipt.ril lizards.
6 Fertilization of the lizards' eggs takes placl' just hd<)re hatclling.
7 Whiptails are related to prehistoric crt-ature-s.
S \Vhiptails retain some of the habits of their ancestors.
H Fr-rnale- jacana birds eat more f<)()d than males.
10 i\lale jacanashuild the nests.
11 [acanu eggs take a long time to hatch.
1:2 Fe-mule jacanas often have more than Oflr-' partner.
1:3 There a;-e three different st-'xes in the cichlicl species.
1cl The female cichlicl is less hrightIY coloured than the male.
1.3 Most people learn about these fish at school.
16 Some of these fish can change their colour.
79
o Matching sounds to spellings
You will hear 14 words read out on tape. (These words will appear later in the
exam practice.) As you listen, write down the words you hear. The last two
words are people's names!
Module 4C • Listening
5.0
Correct spelling isimportant in
Paper 4 but youwill not lose
marks for spelling a proper noun
incorrectly if it is anacceptable
variation, e.g. Hurst, Hearst, Hirst.
2
4
5
6
7
9
10
II
12
14
80
Compare your list of words with a partner's. If they do not match, e.g. genes /
jeans / Jean's, check in the tapescript on page 138 to see if you have the
correct spellings of the words, then find out what the words mean.
o Exam practice: identifying comments
You will hear part of a discussion on a radio programme in which two
teachers, Mary and David, are discussing making sense of the differences
between women and men.
During the discussion they make various comments. For questions 1 to g,
indicate which comments are being expressed by Mary and which by David
by writing
M (for Mary)
D (for David)
or N (for neither)
You will hear the recording twice.
1 Teachers expect hovs to make a grL'ater contribution than girls in class.
:2 Girls arc hdtn at expressing their opinions in a classroom situation.
:3 Cirls do hotter in maths when there arc no bovs present.
4 It seems that then' is no fundamental diff('n'nce lx-twc-c-n male and
female brains .
.J A real difference hetween male and femak abilities poses proble-ms lor
the educationalists.
fi Americans hav« take-n male / f ( ~ m a l e differences into account in their
primal:' school curriculum.
I I did souu- research into male and female roles in different cOlmtries.
S Studies which prow' that there arc no male / female diflerences ran']:
make the headlines.
9 The answer to our problems lies in our genetic make-up.
There are more Paper 4 Part 3 tasks in the Task bank on pages 100-104.
Points of view • Module 40
Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 4
1.0 0 Identifying attitudes
You will hear three speakers. Decide which is expressing the attitudes below.
Disbelief Boredom Pleasure
Speaker 1
Speaker 2
Speaker 3
What helped you to make your decision?
1.1 0 Recognizing degrees of certainty
You will hear six statements. Decide which speakers sound fairly certain and
which sound less certain.
Fairlv certain Lcss certain
Spcakcr 1
Speaker 2
Speakcr :3
Speaker 4
Speaker 5
Speaker 6
What helped you to decide?
1.2 l!J Checking to make sure you are right
Pairwork
Take it in turns to ask your partner questions 1 to 10, using question tags.
Express your certainty or uncertainty by using either a falling or a rising intonation
in the question tag and see if your partner can recognize which you are
expressing.
You want to check that:
vour partne-r has s ( ~ e n a recent film.
:2 the post has arrive-d.
:3 the weather !()recast for today was good.
-1 the manager left a message.
,S inflation will come down.
6 :'our partner wants to come to the dance.
'7 ;:our partner agrees wit]: you.
S the joumov will take about three hours.
9 Brazil won the "'orlel Cup in 199-1.
10 \egallS cat meat.
81
Module 40 • Listening
2.0D- Listening for different points of view
You will hear five different people talking on a TV 'phone-in' about TV
programmes broadcast on that channel. As you listen decide what type of
programme the speakers are talking about, what their reaction to it was and why
they reacted in this way. Some of the information has been filled in already.
You may need to listen twice.
Type of programme Reaction Reasons for reaction
Speaker I a series on sport (I) (2)
Speaker 2
(:3) delighted / fascinated hy the (-t )
subject
Speaker :3
(,0)) (6) wrong place, awful we-athe-r, not
temptl'dll\ the {()od
Speaker 4 (7) not amused / angry
(I))
Speaker 5 the we-athe-r fore-cast (\-:l) (! ())
2.1 lIJ Recalling what points the speakers made
The following expressions were used by the five different speakers in 2.0. Can
you remember what points they were making? Try to complete the sentences
using words and expressions of your own. (They may be different from what you
heard on the tape.)
When you have finished, listen again and check your answers.
Speaker I
As if wr: didn't han' e])ough ... '
Isut it ahoul time TV ch.mucls ... ?
Speaker 2
~ I a y I co])gratulatl' ~ ' o u 0]) ... ' ~
Manv thanks lor what I consider to Ill' . I
Speaker 3
I just had to ring and say
It's not mv idea of lim ... '
Speaker 4
How you can possihlv call ... heats nil'.
For one thing,
and Ior another ... I
Speaker 5
Is there anv chance of us ... ;J
You'd think that with all this ... they'd he ...
82
Points of view • Module 40
3.0 rr Identifying the points the speaker is making
Before you listen to the tape, read through the multiple choice questions,
Speakcr I
]
to tIl(' first speake'L lust the west of
:)
II c wan ts to
the couut rv su!kn'd :\ peopk to help otlnrs ill dilTicliltie'i,
A 'icatt<'rcd sl'O\\'I'rs, 13 warn pcople of worse- conditious to COllI(',
B gall' Iorcx- wiutls. C request lH-'lp from the SIT\iCI''i,
C Sl'\('n'
Spcakcr 2
,)
TIl(' sl'I'oll(l spl'aker is IlOpiug to -+ She invite-s anvonc- \\'110 1)(' ill!l'IT'itl'd to ,)
A n-c-ruit sc-uio:: c-ouxultuuts. :\ vixit her,
B alhlTtise COllrSI'S ill hmuau n'sourCl'S. B writ« to II('L
c: raise IIlOII('\ to fillallcl' husilless course-s. C phone- her.
Speaker :J
;)
TIl(' third slH'akiT is that certain chur.utc-rs h She also that ir \OU an' tllillkillg or SI'I'illg till'
ill JI('Wopl'ra at the C:lassie Tluatrr-.
A wI'n' all-powI'rr,il ill tll{'ir ti uu. A \OU woulr] 1)(' lxttc-r orr s!<l\illg .rt 1101111',
B 11;1\1' littll' r<'11'\aIICl' nowaclavs. B \OU should hook 1l0W to a\oid disappoiutllll'llt.
C \VI'r<' I '\I)('rts at Ila\i,gatioll, C \Oll should listr-u to tlu- CD first.
Spcakcr 4
I' TIl{' lourt l: sj)('aki'r is Sllggl'Still,g \\a\s or
.')
But she warns amOJI(' tlliuking or takillg thi,'i lip liial
A Il{'lpill,g j)('opl,' to hrillg up cllildrell, :\ adults 11('I'd a licI'llcI',
B tIl{' cllildn'll wlu-n tlu-vrc- not at xchool. B vou nc-rc] to 1)(' a IlI{'JIJ!H'r ora chill,
c: filldillg a hohln whk-h will help \'OII to n-lax. c: it \VOId appeal to tl'I'Jla,gl'rs,
Spcukcr 5
TIll' finl, sj)('aker S:I\S that til{' late- (;I'o!f \IcC/III'I'1l ]0 I Ie alkisl's 1'\IT\OII('
:\ llis can'I'r plavs ror T\', :\ not to Jiliss \IcC)lIl'I'1l nTUIlS Oil T\',
B wrotr: uliout peopll' II(' kllew persollalIY. B to .uul sel' a \IcC/ll('l'lI pla\ at til(' tluut r«.
C had trml'lIl'l1 all ove-r the- world, C to read our- of \IcC)ul'I'1l 's pla\s.
You will hear five different speakers on the radio, As you listen, choose the
correct option A, B or C,
83
Module 40 • Listening
3.1 l!J Thinking of similar sounds (homophones)
These words all appeared on the tape in 3.0. Try to think of another word with
the same pronunciation but a different spelling and meaning for each one.
nioht
-
,-'
I so
:2 days <.;
I1l acl«
.,
great ~ ) rights
.)
-t roll' ]0 nc-xv
.j
Ior II died
(-j
hours 1:2 seen
1
.J
.,
.)
-t
;)
.\ a nr.urir-c! p('rSOIl
B a politician
c: a sc-ie-ntist
I)
a (('ac!l('r
E a motlu-r
F all ast rnuuut
c: a xtuclc-ut
II a ellstonl('r
1 a doc-tor
4.0 0 Identifying speakers
You will hear various people speaking about different topics. Listen to the tape
once and match the extracts 1-5 with the people.
Remember that in the exam you
will have to choose five out of eight
options (Ato H).
4.1 0 Identifying the points the speakers are making
Listen again to the same people and match the extracts with the points the
speakers are making. Remember, you only need to choose five
l
criticizing the- olde-r gl'nl'ration
apportioning hl.uuc-
ass('ssing the ('l'Il'l'!S o{" a p('rsonal h.rliit
listing the- !H'ndits
sngg('sting ,I re-ason lor a Cdl in standards
('Inphasizillg tIl(' iinport.mc« of compdition
(':-;pressing rc-sc-rvationx aliout who takes rc-spnusihilit.
1
.J
.,
.)
-t
.s
.\ sllgg('sting a n'nl('(h
B
c:
I)
E
F
r:
II
I
84
Points of view • Module 40
4.2 0 Making a logical guess about spelling
Listen to 12 words which appeared on the tape in 4.0 and 4.1 and see if you
can spell them correctly.
~
I
~ )
10
.J 11
1:2
I
:2
:3
-t
:)
Which spelling rules do they conform to, if any? You may want to look back to
the spelling rules on pages 9 and 26.
o Exam practice: multiple matching
You will hear various people talking about life. You will hear the recording
twice.
Task one
For questions 1-5, match the extracts as you hear them with the people A-H.
A car u]('chauic
B coulpnter operator
C taxi drive-r
)) cleane-r
E cashier
F train drive-r
(; police officer
II TV repairer
Task two
For questions 6-10, match the extracts as you hear them with the attitudes
towards life A-H,
A accepts responsibility
B takes life' se-riouslv
C looks Oil the bright side
f) couldn't care less
E thinks it's great to be alivr:
F gets depressed
G is a 'loner'
H thinks life's all a joke
()
";'
S
9
10
There are more Paper 4 Part 4 tasks In the Task bank on pages 104-107.
85
86
SPEAKING
Paper 5 Task bank
Make notes as you hear relevant information in these Part 1 tasks. This will help
you in the note-taking part of the listening paper.
1 l!J. School days
Finding out about personal experience (Pairwork)
Find out the following information about your partner.
• what kind of nursery / primary / secondary school they went / go to
• what kind of memories they have of primary or secondary school and why
• how relevant what they learned at school was to what they are doing today
• how they feel the time at school could have been improved
Now tell the class the most interesting piece of information about your partner.
2 l!J Simulation
Job application (Pairwork)
Student A
You are interested in working abroad and have heard about a vacancy for an
English Language Adviser in another country but employed by a university in
Wales. Phone the personnel officer at the Welsh university and find out:
• where the job is based.
• what salary is offered.
• what the job involves.
• what qualifications you need.
• what experience you need.
• how long the appointment lasts.
When you have finished, you can compare your notes with the actual job
advertisement.
Student B
Your instructions are on page 108.
3 l!J Simulation
Insurance policy (Pairwork)
Student A
You are going on holiday and want to arrange holiday insurance cover but you
are worried about the small print in the policy. Find out from the insurance broker
exactly what is on offer.
Activities for Paper 5 Part 1 • Task bank 5A
You want to know:
• what type of insurance the policy offers.
• what the premiums are for (a) children under two.
(b) other children.
(c) adults.
(d) a vehicle.
• what the breakdown and recovery premium for a vehicle covers.
• what compensation you would receive for
(a) medical expenses.
(b) loss of or damage to luggage.
• whether you are insured if the company goes bankrupt.
When you have finished, you can compare your notes with the original policy.
Student B
Your instructions are on page 109.
4 l!J Simulation
Mail order query (Pairwork)
Student A
You work for a mail order firm selling compact discs (CDs). Talk to an irritated
customer who has ordered three free promotional CDs which have not arrived.
Be as patient and polite as possible. You need to find out and make a note of:
• the name of the customer.
• the address and postcode of the customer.
• whether the customer signed the order form.
• the reference numbers of the CDs.
• the title of the CDs and the artists' names.
• whether any payment was sent with the order, e.g. cash, cheque.
Student B
Your instructions are on page 110.
5 l!J Simulation
Holiday villa (Pairwork)
Student A
Someone has recommended the Villa Rosa, in the Mediterranean area, as a
good place for you to rent for a holiday and has given you the name of the
owner. You are interested but before you make a decision, you need to talk to
the owner and make a note of the following:
• where the villa is.
• how many people it sleeps.
• what kind of building it is.
• how much it will cost per week in July.
• whether there is a swimming pool.
• what facilities are available in the area.
• whether you will need a car.
• any other information relevant to your needs.
When you have finished, compare your notes with the advert for the villa.
Student B
Your instructions are on page 111.
87
Task bank 58 • Speaking
88
6 lIJ Simulation
Leisure activity enquiry (Pairwork)
Student A
You are on noliday with a group of young people. You have heard about a new
leisure activfty and are interested in going to celebrate someone's birthday.
Phone the information desk and find out and make a note of the following:
• what kind of activity it is. • whether they organize birthday parties.
• whether it's safe. • what age groups it is suitable for.
• when it's open. • how many people it can
• whether you can book in accommodate.
advance. • how you get there from the railway
• how much it costs. station.
When you have finished, compare your notes with the actual advert for the
activity.
Student 8
Your instructions are on page 112.
These activities are meant to take about one minute for the student who does
the main task and about 20 seconds for the follow-up comments from the other
student. The shared activities, however, will take longer, as each student should
have the opportunity to speak for about one minute. All activities can be used
again with different partners or by reversing roles.
1 lIJ Describe and match
Possible suspects (Pairwork)
Student A
Look at the photofit pictures on page 114 of people suspected of having been
involved in a crime. Unfortunately they have been muddled up. Choose two
halves which you think go together then describe them to a partner.
Student 8
Look at the same pictures as your partner and see if you can identify which
picture your partner is describing.
Reverse roles and repeat the procedure until you have described all the people.
2 lIJ Describe, compare and speculate
Climbing (Pairwork)
Student A
Look at the pictures on page 126. Compare and contrast the climbers and their
equipment, saying what you think might motivate people to climb mountains.
Student 8
Look at the same set of pictures. When your partner has finished, say which
climbers you think had the more difficult task.
Activities for Paper 5 Part 2 • Task bank 5B
3 lfJ .Describe and hypothesize
Colourful events (Shared activity for three students)
Look at the pictures on page 115. Choose one of the pictures in the set. It is not
necessary to hide your picture from your partners. Take a minute each to
describe your picture as fully as possible and suggest what the people are doing
and what they might be celebrating. Then see if you agree with your partner's
interpretations of their pictures and decide which event would interest you most.
4 lfJ Describe and spot the differences
Ball control (Shared activity for two students)
Look at the pictures on page 116 and page 125. Take a minute each and
describe your pictures as fully as possible to one another. Do not let your
partner see your picture.
When you have finished, see if, together, you can find ten differences between
the two pictures. This may take considerably longer than a minute:
5 lIJ Describe and evaluate
Modern sculpture (Pairwork)
Student A
Look at the picture of the sculpture on page 116. Describe your picture as fully
as possible and say who you think this type of sculpture might appeal to. Do not
let your partner see your picture.
Student B
Look at the picture on page 125. Do not let your partner see your picture.
Listen carefully to your partner and find one thing which is the same in both your
pictures and one thing which is different and say whether you agree with your
partner's opinion about the sculpture.
Now compare pictures and see how accurate you were!
6 lIJ Describe and hypothesize
Outdoor entertainment (Pairwork)
Student A
Look at the picture on page 117. Describe the street scene and the people in it
and suggest who they are and what they might be doing there. Do not let your
partner see your picture.
Student B
Look at the picture on page 126. Do not let your partner see your picture.
Listen carefully to your partner's description of a similar picture and see if you
can spot two things which are different and two things which are the same in
your two pictures.
Now compare pictures and see how accurate you were!
7l!J Describe and speculate
Building development (Pairwork)
Student A
Look at the pictures on page 118. Describe these three pictures of different
stages in a development project and suggest what the building might now be
used for.
89
Task bank 58 • Speaking
90
Student 8
Look at the same pictures as your partner. Say whether you agree with your
partner's suggestion about what the building might be used for. Suggest what
other type of building could have been built on that particular site.
8 l!J Select, describe and speculate
Street market (Pairwork)
Student A
Look at the pictures on page 119. Choose one picture from the set of three and
describe it as fully as possible to your partner and say what kind of market you
think this is and where it might be.
Student 8
Look at the same set of pictures as your partner. Listen carefully to what your
partner says and decide which picture they are describing and whether you
agree about the type and location of the market.
9l!J Describe, compare and hypothesize
Kitchens (Pairwork)
Student A
Look at the pictures on page 120. Describe the pictures of the two kitchens and
compare what life must have been like and what it is like today for the person
working in them.
Student 8
Look at the same set of pictures as your partner. 00 you agree with what your
partner said about the differences in working in the two types of kitchen? Why?
10 l!J Describe, hypothesize and evaluate
Art forms (Shared activity for three students)
Students A, 8 and C
Look at the three pictures on page 121. Choose one picture each and take a
minute to describe it to your partners. Mention what form of art is on display,
why it might have been created and what your personal opinion about it is. Do
not hide your pictures from one another.
When you have finished say whether you agree with your partners' opinions and
decide which picture shows the type of art form you like best.
11 l!J Describe, speculate and identify
People on the telephone (Pairwork)
Student A
Look at the set of eight pictures of someone talking on the telephone on page
122 and describe three of them to your partner, saying who you think the person
might be talking to.
Student 8
Look at the set of pictures on page 127. They are the same as your partner's but
they are in a different order. Listen carefully to your partner's description then say
which three your partner was describing.
What made the task easy or difficult?
Activities for Paper 5 Parts 3/4 • Task bank 5C/D
12 lfJ Describe, evaluate and identify
China figures (Palrwork)
Student A
Look at the set of seven pictures of china figures on page 123 and describe to
your partner three of the figures, saying what might have inspired their maker to
'immortalize' them in china,
Student B
Look at the set of pictures on page 128, They are the same as your partner's but
they are in a different order, Listen carefully to your partner's description then say
which three your partner was describing,
Appoint a different 'secretary' to take the minutes -In other words, make brief
notes on your group decisions - for each point discussed In the activities below,
Taking minutes IS an excellent way to improve your ability to write and listen at
the same time, It will help you with the note-taking tasks in Paper 4 but
remember, you must be able to decipher your own notes to report back to your
fellow studentsI
When two students are taking part, these activities should take three or four
minutes for Part 3, plus another three or four minutes for the Part 4 further
discussion, Extra time should be allowed for more students. Some activities will
take longer than the time allowed In the exam but in this part of the speaking test
you do not need to be so time-conscious as the examiner will stop you if you
overrun I
1 lfJ Collaborating / Drawing conclusions /
Expressing personal preferences
Dangerous working environments (Groupwork for two or three students)
Part 3
In groups of two or three, look at the pictures and decide:
• what qualities you need for these different Jobs.
• which you think is the most dangerous,
• which person would earn the most money.
• who would have the greatest job satisfaction.
• which Jobs might well In future and what they might be replaced by.
91
Task bank 5C/D • Speaking
92
Part 4
How have the roles of male and female changed in the work force over the last
decade or so?
What roles will men and women have in the work force in future?
What kinds of jobs give the greatest satisfaction?
What can be done to help people who are unemployed?
2 LIJ Debating
TV should be banned (Groupwork for about five students)
Two of you should argue the case for and two against the motion 'TV should
be banned', One student acts as chairperson, Allow yourselves one minute each
to express your arguments either for or against the motion, The chairperson will
decide who puts forward the most convincing arguments and report back to the
rest of the class,
These ideas might help you,
Arguments against
• addictive
• programmes too predictable
• many programmes are rubbish
• bad for the health
• causes arguments about who watches what
• kills conversation
• advertising indoctrinates
• many programmes unsuitable for those who watch them
Arguments for
• useful as background noise
• variety of programmes, e.q. news, documentaries, soap operas, comedy, chat
shows, sport, children's programmes, films, plays, travel programmes
• programmes are educational
• helps you unwind
• prevents family arguments
• keeps the family together as a unit
• advertising informs
• censorship prevents unsuitability
3 LIJ Describing / spotting the differences / reaching
a conclusion
Can competition (Groupwork for two or three students)
Part 3
In groups of two or three, look at the drawings at the top of the next page and
decide:
• what kind of competition this might be,
• what you have to do to win it.
• who it might be aimed at.
• what message the pictures are trying to put across,
• whether you think they are successful in getting their message across.
• whether you can spot the differences!
Compare your decisions with those of another group.
Activities for Paper 5 Parts 3/4 • Task bank 5C/D
Part 4
• What kind of prizes do you think might have been offered in the competition?
• What other things do we needlessly waste In our modern world?
• How can we educate people so that this type of wastage does not take
place?
• How can supermarkets and shops help us with this problem of wastage?
• What will eventually happen if we take no notice at all of this problem?
4 lfJ Collaborating / selecting / reaching a conclusion
Save the stadium (Groupwork for two or three students)
You live near a stadium which was built for the last Olympic Games.
Unfortunately it is losing money and in danger of being closed, unless it starts
making a profit. Plan a series of events to bring in the crowds. Remember, you
must raise as much money as possibleI
Part 3
In groups of two or three decide:
• which three events suggested below would generate the biggest profits.
• which event you think would be the least popular.
• what you would charge for entry.
• what other entertainment or facilities you would provide, e.g. refreshments.
• what other activity you could suggest to raise money to save the stadium.
Part 4
• What attracts you personally to organized events?
• What problems have been caused by crowds at organized events? e.g
football matches.
• How can we control hundreds of people successfully?
• What's the difference between attending a 'live' event and watching it on TV?
• Name other reasons for trying to raise a lot of money.
• What other ways can you think of to raise money for a worthy cause?
93
Titles
• Lapwing, redwing, fieldfare
• This inability to escape
• Sight unseen
• Maid of the mist
Task bank 5C/D • Speaking
5 l!J Collaborating / Matching / Expressing personal
opinions
Installation art (Groupwork for two or three students)
Look at the pictures. Some people call them art, others a load of rubbish!
Part 3
In groups of two or three decide:
• which title would best fit each picture
and why.
• where these art forms might be displayed
• what ordinary people would think of them.
• how much you think it cost to produce them.
• which you like best and least.
94
Part 4
• What kind of art do you like best?
• Have there been any famous artists In your own country? Who?
• If you were rich, would you sponsor a young but controversial artist?
• How do you think computers can change the face of art?
• Could you tell the difference between a reproduction and the 'real' thing?
• What kind of a person do you think you have to be to become an artist?
Activities for Paper 5 Parts 3/4 • Task bank 5C/D
6 l!J Collaborating / selecting / reaching a conclusion
Cheap city breaks (Groupwork for two or three students)
You work for a company organizing package weekend breaks to many major
cities in the world. Recently, you have been losing business and you need to
present your holidays in a new, more attractive way.
Part 3
In groups of two or three decide:
• which four cities below would be the most popular with people from the
country you are living in at the moment.
• which four you could offer to your customers at a reasonable price.
• how you would transport customers to the cities you have chosen. Remember
you have to keep the cost down, yet save timel
• what kind of accommodation you could offer customers in these cities.
• what optional excursions you could offer customers.
• how you would advertise or promote the holidays in order to generate more
business.
• how you would beat your competitors.

0('-'
d
?

0
\i
v

\
..-<.

0

Rotrt
e
ey

TOk
J o
Part 4
• What type of holidays are popular in your country?
• Why do we sometimes come back from a holiday thinking we need another
one?
• What benefits do we get from visiting other countries for one or two weeks a
year?
• What unexpected problems do we sometimes encounter while on holiday?
• Could you survive without an annual holiday? Why?
95
LISTENING
Paper 4 Task bank
1 0 Sentence completion
Brooklyn Center schools' programs
You will hear part of a programme about America. As you listen, complete the
sentences for questions 1-10 with an appropriate word or short phrase. (Notice
the American spelling of centre and programmes.) You will hear the recording
twice.
Schools' programs
Brooklvu Ce-nte-r Ii)], Urball Environnu-ut (BCllE) aims to he-lp chiklrr-u filld
out uhout ( I )
S()]IIl' childn'll att('lldillg tIll' BC:UE han' n'l'('llth (:3)
BCtJE prograllls arc quite- (-i)
Prograilis assist participallts with 11l,1Il\ (,'))
Teachns atn-ur] (())
Adult am! family auiliences
(7) toms popular with adult alld Iamil-,: parti('s.
Eve-nts alw<l\s han' a differellt is)
After-schoo! programs
(~ J )
(10) are part of the progralll.
96
Compare your answers with a partner before checking them.
Activities for Paper 4 Part 1 • Task bank 6A
2 n Sentence completion
High-tech spy
You will hear part of a programme about a high-tech traffic spy. As you listen,
complete the sentences for questions 1-9 with an appropriate word or short
phrase. You will hear the recording twice.
The Automobile Club hopes the 'dirtiest' drivers will be exposed hv the ne-w
(1)
Completion of the project has taken (:2)
The new technology was deYeloped in (:3)
offending drivc-r-. now takes less than (4)
Spe(3d cameras haye re-sulted in a huge reduction in (,5)
In some areas traffic violations han' decreased In' (6)
10% of motorists form a hurdcore of (,)
Next month, tests will be carried out (H)
Highway patrols will lx- targeting (9)
Compare your answers with those of a partner before checking them.
3 0 Sentence completion
Artist's eye
You will hear part of a programme in which a doctor expresses a medical opinion
about artists. As you listen, complete the sentences for questions 1-10 with an
appropriate word or short phrase. You will hear the recording twice.
Artists who paint the world dilfc-rc-ntlv ma)' han' ( I )
If )'ou want to sec blue- clearly through brown sunglasses, need to paint an
(:2)
The fact that Claude Mone-t suffered from cataracts is apparent in
(:3)
In later life minor cataracts affect H)
Monet suffered from a form of the disease which turned thr- ('ye lens
(5)
In Monet's paintings of his garden, the whites arc (6)
the blues appear much (,l-
In a fit of depression. Mone-t (8)
He never painted (9)
In 19:2:2 he complained that he saw looked (10)
Three )'ears after having cataract surgerv, he (11)
In small groups compare your answers before checking them.
and
97
Task bank 68 • Listening
4 0 Sentence completion
Theme park
You will hear someone talking about theme parks and offering an 'unofficial'
guide for first-time visitors. As you listen, complete the sentences for
questions 1-11, with an appropriate word or short phrase. You will hear the
recording twice.
Arrive before ninr- o'clock to avoid (1).
It's worth bm'ing a ticket for (2).
Allow about an hour for (:3)
The least awfnl gift shop is tilt' one (-!)
Younger children will c-njov the (.5)
You Ill'edn't (jlll'Ul' e a r l ~ to see the (Ii)
Small chikln-n will 1)(' terrified of ('/)
The- best tiuu- to buy souve-nirs or gifts is (S)
and
Taking a (8)
Huin does not affect (lO)
san's you b\l\'ing one tI)('I'('.
98
Corupun-r] to Disnvv \ Vorlcl it's (11 )
Activities for Paper 4 Part 2
Material in this module focuses on extracting recycled information which is heard
only once. However, an optional activity to give practice in note-taking could be
carried out with a second listening.
1 0 Sentence completion
City robbery
You will hear a news report about some robbers whose pictures were captured
on video. Complete the sentences for questions 1-9, using an appropriate word
or short phrase. Listen very carefully as you will hear the recording ONCE
only.
Robbers appear on video
The robbery occurred about a (1)
The distance between the camera and the jeweller's shop was
(2)__ .
The robbers made their getaway in (.'3)
Half an hour after the pictures were taken, the (-!)
To avoid suspicion the men did not (.5)
Commander Tucker thinks it will be possible to (6)
Activities for Paper 4 Part 2 • Task bank 6B
Compared to the first suspect, the passenger was both (I)
The colour of the vehicle was (8)_
A warning about the robbery was receiyed the (9)
Compare your answers with those of a partner.
2 0. Sentence completion
Museum visit
You will hear a museum guide talking to a party of visitors to a museum.
Complete the sentences for numbers 1-7, using an appropriate word or short
phrase. Listen very carefully as you will hear the recording ONCE only.
New muse-um both (l )
Exhibits con'!' a historical period of (2)
For cx-nturir-x the area has cujovt«l good (:3)
Local industries were helped 1)\ e-xce-lle-nt me-ans of'
Dnrinv vour \isit yon 11IlTt some- (:5)
,..,. .
All in-ins in the displm han' been (6)
Displays m.ul« more: realistic 1)\ (I)
In small groups, compare your answers before checking them in the key.
3 0 Note-taking
Baltic cruise
You will hear someone talking on a travel programme about a Baltic cruise. For
questions 1-10, complete the sentences. Listen very carefully as you will
hear the recording ONCE only.
Stockho!Jn: The world's (I)
Cruise-s mailable from Stor-kholm to (2)
Crnises organized 1)\ (:3)
Hotel in Stockholm situated H)
(.5)
supplement.
Flights depart (6)
Sundav spent in (1)_
Free time for (8)
night (9)_
Phone quoting (10)_-
availahl« on board the :\orthern Star Ior addit ional
onlv,
on board.
Compare your answers with a partner before checking them in the key.
99
Task bank 6C • Listening
4 () Sentence completion
National Asthma Campaign Open Day
You will hear the director of a charity, the National Asthma Campaign (NAC),
welcoming participants and introducing speakers at an Open Day. For questions
1-9, complete the sentences. Listen very carefully as you will hear the
recording ONCE only.
Thc Opell Da\ is held c\cn ( 1)
Those a t t ( ~ n d i n g call filld out more- about curre-nt (2)
The NAC spent (3)
than it did last \ ear.
more Oil he]pillg those with astluna
Onlv proje-cts which han' lx-c-n vc-ttc-cl an' consid(']'ed for a (-il
People who han' hclped fight asthma ought to fl'('] (.S)
Lucy \\'iggs is presenting tlu- first paper insteud of I(i)
The first paper deals with childrc-u who sllnl'r lrom (/)
The secolld paper rOCUS('S 011 suffe-re-rs or «,.J)
those li\illg in (9)
, part ic-ul.ulv
With a partner, compare your answers before checking them in the key.
1 0 Multiple choice questions
Hats
You will hear Paul Offord, the Managing Director, being interviewed about his
family hat-making business. For questions 1-6, choose the correct option from
A, B, C or D. You will hear the recording twice.
The conlpany has lx-c-n ill existence
A lor more- than /,'5 vcars,
B since the late 19HOs.
C Ill!' the- last live- vourx.
I) si IICC last vear.
2 According to Paul. thr- compally currentlv makes
A -iO,OOO straw hats a year.
B 0111\ pallama hats.
C hats Ior export only.
D lnmdrrds of different stvles of hats.
:3 lit, feels the future or the panama hat is
A uhsolutc-lv watertight.
B somewhat uncx-rtain.
C ruthe-r gloomy.
D rr-asonablv secure.
-i TIl(' cOIUpall\ fl,lt it was !l('c('ssan to
A gin' hig discounts to wholesal('rs.
B sell directly to rc-tuilc-rs.
C open up hrancll('s ill other countrie-s.
D close sonu- or the hrallches ill this c-ouut rv.
'J "'hat docs Pau] n'ganl as tlu- COlllpaJl\'S maiu prohlc-mr'
A fillallcing the manulurt nrt- of tlu- Ilats
B shipping hand-\\'()\('Il film' [rotu Ecuador
C producing new shies lor hats
D storillg hats he-lore- sellillg tlu-ru
() Hr- thinks the main n-ason Ior tll(' COlllpaJl\"s succe-ss is
A heing well-kllowlI ill the high stre-e-t.
B munufacturing industrial lu-adwan-.
C thc skill of its cruftsuu-u.
D recent cuts in staff muulx-r»,
In small groups compare and justify your answers after listening once, then listen
again and check to see if your first impressions were correct.
100
Activities for Paper 4 Part 3 • Task bank 6C
2 D Multiple choice questions
Saving Australia
You will hear a travel writer talking to someone she is going to write an article
about. For questions 1-9, choose the correct option from A, B, Cor D. You will
hear the recording twice.
Ilow m.mv of tlw stntes fon-'sts hmp
disappcawd mer the last cc-uturv?
A 0\'('1' a 11I1Ildr('(1
B uliont thrc«: hundred
C half the original numbe-r
D prohahIY millions
:2 (low much rain falls at this timr- of vc-ar in tln-
n'gion?
i\ ahout tlur-c- inches
B a r<'asollahk .uuount
(: half as unu-h as England's anuual raiulul]
() more- than London's unnuul rainfall
:3 What clotllillg docs Cinclv cOllsilkr to hc tlu-
moxt sllitahle tilr her work:'
A a T-shirt
B watl'rproof..;
C wd clotll('s
D 110 clot hes
.~ \Vhat was Ciuclv« d n ' a n l ~ j
A to go to Ellgland
B to IH' sc-ll-xufficic-ut
(: to live- Oil an isl.u«]
() to Ila\(' childre-n
,5 (:illdy originallY trmrlled to Australia with
;\ an Ellglish tourist.
B a partne-r lrou: Amc-ricn.
C IJ('r two c-hildrc-u.
() SOllll' people ill a COllllIIlIJH'.
6 How did the Australian owner feel about selling
his property'?
A dclighted
B r-xcitec]
C unwilling
D upspt
-; \\'here did they slepp iuunediate-lv after hl1Y'ing
th« property?
A ill an old bnnhouse
B out in the open
C in a house- she helpecl to huik!
() under th« shade of the trees
S Cindy lx-lic-vc-s in liYing
A somewhe-re- isolated,
B somcwhr-rr- warm.
C closc to other [iumau ]H'ings,
D closc to plants and animals.
D What has lx-come of the land'?
A lts cO\'cn,d ill t n-r:s .
B It's a holiday comple-x,
C It house-s several farms.
D us home- to 20 pcople.
In pairs compare your answers after listening once, then listen again to see
whether your first impressions were correct.
101
Task bank 6C • Listening
3 0 Two task types together
Two-star chef
For a really challenging task, try this activity with two different task types. If
possible, listen once to answer each task type.
Alternately, one half of the class could try task one, the other half task two, then
you can see who does best!
You will hear a food critic, Andrea, talking to a famous chef.
A Multiple choice questloas
For questions 1-9 choose the correct option from A, B, C or D.
\\'hat is Marco Pierre well-known f()I<)
(-)
;\
sacking staff
B Illaking staff f('('1 small
C lwill,t.; ('Iltlllisiastie
J)
])('illg the lx-st cher ill tlw couutrv
.J
Ilow do('s II(' think his appearallce has changed 7
0\('1' til(' last ('ight n'ars?
;\
I l ix hair is !ollgn.
B II is ('olllp!('\ion is less clear.
C lie weigl" a lot IIlOI"('.
J)
I k W('ars dil'f('rent c-lotlu-s,
S
"
l Iow docs II(' usuallv tre-at his CIiStOIIl{'!'S .)
Ill)wa(la\'s')
A I Ic- throws 1l1<1I1\ out or his n-st.utrunt.
B lie fights with numv of the-m.
c: I k mukc-s jokes at tlu-iI' expellSe.

J)
I lr- Illakes the-m bligh,
t II e ask('d on.- rood critic to lean'
A ill [rout or the- Illall's gllest.
B wll('n II(' nu-t till' num in the hathrocnu.
C without pa\illg his bill.
J)
ill the- Illiddle or lunc-h.
.J Ilow doc-s Ill' treat his kitehell stalf uowaclavs?
;\
I k bill lies tln-iu 11Il'!'cilessh.
B I k h'eps rhe-in unde-r control.
c: I lc: takes a(IYautage or t]u-u1.
J)
I k shouts at tlu-ru unut-cc-ssarilv.
The 'two-star' chcr spe-nt his childhood in
A Leeds.
B C11l' ]sea.
C Knightsbridge.
]) Italv.
\\'hat is the code Jll' lin's b\,')
A I k f()I'gin's peopl(' who apologi/,('.
B lie criticizes people face to face.
elk rorgin's and rorgds e\{·nthing.
]) I k ne-ve-r speaks ill or unvliodv.
\ Vhat docs Ill' 1Je1i('\e:)
A arrog;\llc(' is a negatin' ljllalih
B arrogance creaks sllccess
C greatness docs not Iollow success
]) arrogance is creatl'd hv greatness
\\'hat did Andrea think or the- uu-u] she had?
A There was too much to cat.
B It wasn't simple ('IHJllgJ1.
C TIll' chers uhilitv had J)('('1l ('xagg('!'ated.
J) SII(' had neve-r tas!l·d a nu-al like it.
102
In pairs, try to justify your answers before making your final decision.
B Identify the comments the speakers make
During the interview Andrea and Marco make various comments. For questions
1-13 indicate which comments are made by Andrea and which by Marco by
writing
A (for Andrea)
M (for Marco)
or N (for neither).
1 Marco was an accountant.
2 The .\Iichelin Guide awarded Marco stars when he was in his 20s.
:3 Marco has 'expanded' in marc than onr-!
4 Marco appears in the restaurant itself a few times a \\'et'k
Activities for Paper 4 Part 3 • Task bank 6C
.s Marco frightens some of the customers.
6 Customers no longer come looking for a fight.
7 Food critics often make personal attacks on chefs.
8 Rival chefs are considered enemies.
9 Marco has a slight regional accent.
10 Marco onlv employs strong people.
11 Marco doesn't let people forget what thev've done to him.
12 Marco is pleased with his success.
1:3 The next step for Marco is retirement.
In small groups, compare your answers before checking them in the key.
4 0 Two task types together
Touring holiday
Here is another task with two different task types. If possible, listen once to
answer each task type.
Alternatively, one half of the class could try task one, the other half task two, then
you can see who does better!
You will hear someone talking to tourists travelling around Europe.
A Multiple choice questions
For questions 1-8 choose the correct option from A, B, CorD.
Who would have preferred to stav in places
longer?
A .lal]('\·
B (;an
C Olin'r
J) all three
2 Who wanted to sce Michclangclos Dacul
A .lan('\
B Curv
COlin'!'
J) all three
:3 \Vhat had (;an 1]('\('1' h('('n ahle to cat lx-fore
coming to Europe?
A cheese
B apples
C he-rbs
J) whitt' chocolut«
4 \Vhat did [anov miss most about honu-?
A cola
B wine
C icc
J) McJ)onald's
,5 :'-iow.lam'\· thinks most Europe-ans an'
A an lot of people.
B not interested in Ame-ric-ans.
C onlv interested in nIOlH'\'.
. .
D pleasant, I]('lpfid people.
6 "'hat reason is gin'n lor Anu-ric-ans spcnding
onlv short holidavs in Emope'J
A lack of monev
B a desire to set' other continents
C short vacations
D lamilv connuitu}('nts at home-
7 I low did Carv and [unr-v prepare for their tripr'
A Tlu-v honght gnide hooks lx-Iorr- tlu-v ldi.
B They read gnidl' hooks on the plam-.
C Tlu-v read as milch as possihk- about Europ«.
D Tlu-v did not han' time to do amthing.
H \Vhat did [ane-v find in Munic-h that she- coulrlnt
find at home'?
A souve-nir coffee spoons
B clothes for older women
C leather bags
D crvstal
In pairs, try to justify your choice before making your final decision.
103
Task bank 60 • Listening
B Identify the comments the speakers make
For questions 1-15 indicate which comments are made by Janey, which by Gary
and which by Oliver by writing
J (for Janey)
G (for Gary)
or 0 (for Oliver).
Do not refer to your answers for Task A above!
1 I got to know the real Europe.
2 I wnuld li]«. to have spent longer in one- or two placcs.
:3 I'd like to scc France again .
..J: I was ahlc- to cat chocolate in Switzerland.
.5 It was disappointing to find food with chcmical additi\'('s.
6 There's a world of difft>]'('lll'c hetween fresh herbs and dried hnhs.
7 The thing I liked most was the icc cre-am.
S \\'e paid onlv one visit to \clcDonald's.
9 The hotel stall wc-rt-n 't \'(']\ Iric-ncl]v.
. .
10 Most Americuns lead a buxv lift"
11 Time is nlOIT important than m01W\' to Europeans.
12 \\'e just ate am! drank on the plane.
I:3 It's diflicult to find nice souve-nir col'/t'(, spoons at houu-.
1..J: I couldn't liuv amthing I)('cause t1](' shops we-re- closed.
1.5 Europeans dont have- hig cars hecame the stl'('ds aren't wid« ('lHHlgh.
In small groups check to see whether you have put the appropriate letter in the
correct place. It's sometimes easy to know the answer but make a mistake with
the task type.
Which task did you find more challenging? Why?
ACtiVities for Paper" Pan ..
For this part of the exam you will hear the recording only once for each task.
1 0 Multiple matching
Relationships
You will hear various people talking about relationships.
Task one
For questions 1-5, match the extracts as you hear them with the people the
speakers are referring to, listed A-H.
A a colleague
H an acquaintance-
C afiance(e)
D a grandparent
E a boss
F a best Friend
G a son / daughter
H a hils hand / \\1fe
1
2
:3
..J:
.::J
104
In small groups, compare your answers before going on to the next task.
Activities for Paper 4 Part 4 • Task bank 6C
Task two
For questions 6-10, match the extracts as you hear them with the attitudes of
the speakers listed A-H.
A resentful
B furious
C frustrated
D pessimistic
E nostalgic
F affectionate
C cheerful
H resigned
6
i
i)
9
10
I
')
.,
.)
-l-
.5
()
-
I
i)
9
10
In the same small groups, compare your answers before checking them.
20 Two task types at the same time
Class distinction
Divide the class into two groups. The first group can try task A and the second
task B. See which group does better!
A Multiple matching
You will hear various people talking about class distinction.
Task one
For questions 1-5, match the extracts as you hear them with the people listed
A-J. (There are more options than in the exam!)
A it financier
B it Iwad of state-
C a Iactorv worker
D an artist
F: a singh- parent
F an industrialist
C au aristocrat
II an nmuurrir-r] mother
I a laudsc,llw gardeuer
J a compute-r consultant
This time, go straight into the next task without comparing your answers - as
you would have to in the exam!
Task two
For questions 6-10, match the extracts as you hear them with the comments
listed A-I. (There are more options than in the exam!)
A The Lunily unit is under threat.
B There is no snobbe-rv in this countrv,
. .
C MllIU and dad inte-rfere.
D I'm ahaid to meet people.
E I han' no social life.
F I regret not stud:ing more.
G \:1:' children go to a private school.
II A sophisticated accent is a drawback.
I You decide vour own luturc.
Now compare your answers for both tasks with those of a partner before
checking them.
105
Task bank 60 • Listening
B Multiple choice
You will hear five different speakers. As you listen, choose the correct option A,
B or C.
Speaker 1
1 The first speaker attributes her own success to 2 She considers the most important thing in life to be
A her edncation. A a stable familv life.
B her determination. B a job,
e her npbringing. C a comfortable existence.
Speaker 2
.,
The sccond speakcr wishes -l He now works .)
A he hadn't stllllini art. A as an artist.
B he had lx-c-n more talented. B in a luctorv.
c: lit' hadn't Il'f't school so soon. e [or a film produce-r.
Speaker :3
,5
The third speaker spent her childhood
(i
She wonld rcallv like to
A in Livi-rpoo]. A help he-r mum and dad.
B in tilt' sonth west. B own aT\'.
c: uwav [rom her parents. c: go out more.
Speaker 4
I TIlt' lourt h speaker savs that the most importuut
i)
11(' is sonu-tinn-s self-conscious uhout
thing about people is A the kind ofjob he- doc-s.
A what tlu-v do lor a li,·ing. B th« way he spe-aks.
B thc-i I' lumi [v backgronnd. c: enkring a crowde-r] roonr.
c: what thov an' like.
Speaker 5
9 The fifth speaker thinks problems in his countrv are ]0 !I(, that having a title- nowadavs
cansed hv A gin's one: statns.
A the weakening of the Iamilv unit. B is proble-matic.
B class distindion. c: brings mom-v and pri,'ilege.
c: people's fe'('lings of superiority.
3 0 Multiple matching
Food
You will hear various people talking about food.
Task one
For questions 1-5, match the extracts as you hear them with the people A-H.
A a food critic
B a zoo-keeper
C a fitness instructor
o a marine biologist
E a psvchiatrist
F a book reviewer
G an anthropologist
H a reporter
1
')
:3
-l
,5
106
This time, go straight into the next task without a longer pause - as you would
have to in the exam.
6
7
I)
9
10
Activities for Paper 4 Part 4 • Task bank 60
Task two
For questions 6-10, match the extracts as you hear them with the aspects of
food the people are talking about, listed A-H.
A a different type of diet
B evolutionarv changes in eating habits
C eating disorders
o the problems of over-indulgence
E observing eating behaviour
F the over-production of food
G supply and demand
H contaminated food supplies
Now compare your answers for both tasks with those of a partner before
checking them.
4 f) Multiple matching
Coping with the unexpected
You will hear various people talking about unexpected things which happened to
them.
Task one
For questions 1-5, match the extracts as you hear them with the places where
these things happened, listed A-H.
A a cinema
B an aeroplane
C a restaurant
D a lift
E a rive-rbank
F a take-away cafe
C an underground train
II a stadinm
1
:2
3
4
.5
After listening once, compare your answers with those of a partner.
Task two
For questions 6-10, match the extracts as you hear them with the unexpected
happenings listed A-H.
A a clumsv accident
B simulated realitv
C a physical injury
D a misunderstanding
E a disagreement
F a strange coincidence
G an electrical fault
H inclement weather
(1
7
I)
9
10
Compare your answers with those of the same partner before checking them.
107
PAIRWORK
Page 48 Exam Practice
Student A -INFORMATION CARD
• ]wi"ht , ~
• c-olour of en's
• .uiv brothers / siste-rs
• job cxperiellcc
• luvouritc- {(lO<!
• favourit« c-ntt-rtuiuuu-ut
• greakst all dIi tion
Page 86 Job application
Student B
You are the personnel officer at the University of Glamorgan in Wales. Someone
wants to speak to you about a job abroad. You have the advertisement for the
job in front of you. Answer the person's questions as politely and patiently as
possible and give any other information which you feel will be useful.
English Language Adviser
BEIJING, CHINA
Salary: £20,000 p.a inc. + benefits package
We wish to appoint an experienced English Language
Adviser to be seconded to an overseas study centre in
Beijing, China.
The overseas study centre is to establish a foundation
year designed to raise the English Language study
skills of students to enable them to study in an
English-medium University. The postholder will be
responsible for establishing the project. This will
involve course design, planning and assisting teacher-
training / development programmes.
Candidates should hold an MA in Applied English
Linguistics, or equivalent, and should possess a
minimum of 6 years' relevant EFL experience. A
knowledge of Mandarin would be a strong advantage.
This appointment is initially for one year.
108
University
of Glamorgan
Appointments
We operate a no smoking policy
Application forms and further particulars may be
obtained from:
The Personnel Services Division
University of Glamorgan
Pontypridd, Mid Glamorgan CF37 1DL
Telephone: 0443482021 (Direct Line - 24 hour service)
Working towards equality of opportunity
Pairwork
Pages 86-87 Insurance policy
Student B
You are working on a commission basis for an insurance company and you have
to do business to make money. Answer your client's questions as politely and
patiently as possible and try to persuade your client that the policy is a good
one.
TRAVEL INSURANCE
We consider Holiday Insurance to be essential if you are travelling
abroad and believe that everyone should have at least Personal
Insurance Cover.
The Holiday Insurance schemes we offer have been arranged by
Hamilton Barr Insurance Brokers Ltd., and are underwritten at Lloyds.
A brief summary of the cover provided is outlined below, but, should
you wish to see full details of cover, we will be pleased to send you a
copy of the wording, on application. Otherwise, full details of cover
will be sent to you with your confirmation invoice.
Personal Insurance - summary of cover
• Personal accident - £5,000
• Medical and other expenses - £250,000
• Hospitalisation benefit - £10 per day (£300 in total)
• Cancellation and curtailment - £ 1,000
• Travel delay - £ 100
• Disruption of public transport - £200
• Baggage - £750
• Cash - £200
• Public liability - £ 1,000,000
• Legal expenses - £10,000
Vehicle breakdown and recovery insurance
This insurance will enable you to continue your holiday if your car
breaks down or is involved in an accident. Therefore, you may also
like to consider this type of cover in order to minimise the extent to
which your holiday could be disrupted.
Please note that, in common with all other insurances of this type,
this insurance does not cover the cost of repairs (other than
emergency repairs, as mentioned above) and replacement parts.
Premiums
PERIOD
Up to 5 days
Up to 10 days
Up to 18 days
Additional weeks
ADULTS
£8.00
£10.00
£13.00
£3.00
CHILDREN
£4.00
£5.00
£6.50
£1.50
VEHICLE
£18.00
£23.00
£28.00
£5.00
• Infants under 2 years of age are insured free
•• Vehicles must not be over 10 years of age
109
Pairwork
Page 87 Mail order query
Student B
You ordered some free CDs from a mail order company a few weeks ago and
they have still not arrived. Fortunately you have kept a photocopy of the order
form stating which CDs you ordered. Talk to an employee of the firm and tell
them what they need to know.
Mr / Mrs/ Miss/ Ms
Address

(I am over 18)
R.c.Jcf:::::::
T-HE N I G++T AWAY
60
S
HITS
5159
110
Pairwork
Page 87 Holiday villa
Student B
You own a villa which you rent out to holidaymakers in the Mediterranean area.
You are talking to a potential client who has not seen your advertisement for the
villa. Answer the queries as patiently and politely as possible.
Costa Blanca
VILLA ROSA
Accommodates 8 comfortably (4-6 in low season)
Villa Rosa is a spacious old farmhouse which has been beautifully
restored. Set in its own fenced garden of 2000 sq.m. surrounded by
orange and lemon groves. Private pool. 1km from Ped reguer for
supermarkets, services and medical centre, and 15 minutes to Javea
and Denia for beaches etc.
Accommodation: one double, three twin bedded bedrooms
(one en-suite with own terrace), two other bathrooms and terraces.
Large well furnished lounge, dining room, well fitted kitchen with
microwave, magi-mix, fridge, freezer, etc. Utility room with washing
machine. Barbecue and lots of garden furniture.
Low season - the owners live in the villa during low season and
make available a completely self-contained upper apartment (sleeping
4 - 6) at specially reduced rates.
Tel: 0181 9284820
Property rental prices per week
LOW SEASON MID SEASON HIGH SEASON
* Oct - May June - Sept July - Aug
Special reduced
£500 £650
terms
* Apartment only available during low season
111
Pairwork
Page 88 Leisure complex enquiry
Student B
You work at the information desk at a leisure complex. Talk to a potential
customer and answer their queries as patiently and politely as possible using the
information in this leaflet.
• A tremendous, safe, non-contact
game bringing sophisticated laser
technology to the masses, and
played in a futuristic high-tech
arena
• Open until late, every night
• Advance bookings taken or just
turn up and join the next
available game
• General prices from £8 - £9 per
person per half hour session.
No extras!
• League action; weekly Top Gun
prizes; individual and family
membership schemes
CHILDREN'S EVENTS
Special events laid on for children's
birthdays etc. Suitable for age 7 and
over. Quasar really does make a
birthday extra special!
CORPORATE EVENTS
Improve your team's performance.
For a corporate event that will
definitely be memorable, we can
arrange total exclusivity with
refreshments and light snacks, if
required.
CHARITY EVENTS
As a fundraiser, Quasar has few
equals. We can sit down and work
out a mutually acceptable formula.
We can accommodate exclusive
bookings from 10 people to 150 or
more. For any kind of party Quasar
at Barnet provides stunning
excitement.
• 7 game formats to choose from.
A 30 laser system featuring red
and green beams
THE BARNET QUASAR CENTRE
LYTTON ROAD, BARNET
'SERIOUS FUN' INFORMATION LINE 081 4400540.
Page 48 Exam Practice
Student B -INFORMATION CARD
112
• place of hirth
• wr-ioht
h
• present occupation
• Iavonritc- actor / actress
• secret wish
• favourite drink
• reason Ior studYing English
Pairwork
----- --------------------------
Identity parade page 15
Describing a re-enactment page 74
113
114
Pairwork
Possible suspects page 88
j
j
j
j
j
Colourful events page 89
Pairwork
115
Pairwork
Ball control
page 89
Modern sculpture
page 89
116
----------------
--------
Outdoor entertainment page 89
Pairwork
117
Pairwork
.::...::-- - - -
Building development pages 89-90
118
Street market page 90
Pairwork
119
Pairwork
Kitchens page 90
120
---------------------------
Art forms page 90
I
11
.--- - -
Pairwork
~
. ~ .
,
121
Pairwork
People on the telephone page 90
A
c
E
1~ ' : ' . ; •
G
122
B
D
F
H
Pairwork
China Iigures page 91
E
Pairwork
Identity parade page 15
Describing a re-enactment page 74
124
Ball control
page 89
Pairwork
Modern sculpture
page 89
125
Pairwork
Outdoor entertainment page 89
Climbing page 88
126
People on the telephone page 90
c
E
G
B
D
1
:-··: •
."
F
H
Pairwork
127
Pairwork
China figures page 91
A
c
128
D
B
'fie'
I .'
TAPESCRIPTS
1 SPEAKING
Chi('a"o I'" n'llls a lIat Oil til(' ('d,,(' or Ill('
«itv. "njm's t]«: clilll:lt" alld IISf" !,is ,j('('P to
('\plor",
1111\1('11']', sailing tlimll"I,I,is ,,,I1:,,"'('d 1"1,,1
1'\aIIIS pr()\'('d ('asi{'r tluu: llu
slIhjl,(,1s im ohnl xvlu-u I talk"d 10 hiu:
n'('('lIth.
]\J I can n'II"'IIII)('r ,I']' ,sis, I think, ('I", si\
adlallc(,d 1('I(,lpasSf's \litl,
grad{' :\. I kuo« plln' lll;ltll.s \\'dS 0111' or
t lu-iu ,JIlIIII 1"111 1I0t <!oillg \'('1".'- w('IL
alii
R \\',,11. sill(,(' lOll ('Ilil'II,d Ill(' n'('lInl !>lIoks
wit]: .\('/'1'1/ ,grade' :\ PdSS{'S ill \\,(,11, 110,
voun \\"(lldd \-011 sa\' tllat \01\ \\'1'1'1' a
dlild pro<!ii-.': a g('llillS \\'1)('11 ."(lll w('r(' al
sello()!'..)
'I '1'1)('\ 11('\('1' tlH)llgld I \\'as ,g()illg til do
allltl'ill" \lorllllll,il,' al pruu.uv S(,IIl'"!. TIl('l
tl",""I,1 I \I'as a I,it la""I'. Bllt Ipl"m('d 1!l('111

R I 11<l\'(' it Oil n'(,(lrd tlu! \\-III'1l \'011 g()1 vnnr A
1('11,1 rc-xullx til(' ('lIl1lp"tn I"cji'('il'd tl,i"",
'I TI,at\ I"i"lil
'
Tlr.« 11:,,1 til Iw dOIlI' a"aill iiI'
Ilil1HP \1\ Illotlll'r \\'dS lilt' ()111' \\'110 vvnx 1I10S{
illlpn'.ss(:d. Sll<' said it was I(l\el." Il;l\'illg a S()11
\\1111 \\as sllell a pnlt!ig.' <llld sllf' (,()IJldll't wait
til ll'1I ('I('I'IIHHII'
R So. anlll'd '\\'illl 'y()llr asioilisililig l'I'sldts .'-()l1
dU1S(' Ess('\ 1I11i\1 'rsih
'I )"S. IT, it I,ad all (,\(",II('lIt '''plitatilill I'or
lIlatl,s alill COlllp"tillg, !>otl, 1I1'"ILi"IL I
\\-allt('d t() Stl1d.' IC)J· Ill." dq!:l'(T
R , , I"Lt ann tlLal lOll 11I'lit til ,
'I "til O\I')I"d
H , , \\'Iwn' IIlIl did a dodorail' ill IIlall,s,
ill, I I
'I Y(,s. Iliit ,,1"'11 I fillisll('d ill til(' 11111111'1
ol'l"rI'd to 11((' ill ,\IIl('I"i('ap,m"d ill'lHI,Ssi!>i"
til I""sist. Still. I \lail'I, til(' d('!>al" Oil
('dlleatioll \\'itll ,gr('at illll'l'('st. 1'111 agaillst
stll(h-illg a \\'id('r rall,\!(' or Sllhjl'ds, 1I1\'S('1I'. II"
I'd 1;"('11 I'IIIT(,d III sllldl al"Is I'd IIl'I(';'I,a\I'
gilt am'lII"'lT, \\(' sl'llilid Id Iwopl,'
sp"ciab,(' ill \lllat tl(('I'n' ,gllod at.
R ,\Ild dll lOll still k,'('p ill tlillel, \\'itiL111m
l'I"i,,"t1s !>ack
'I C"rL,illh. I IISf' "" COlllp"tni",d "I"drolli"
lIlail SlSti'IIL. alld I lisll'lI to til(' Bllt:
1
R '\lId (io lOll tllillk \011'11 ('1"1" ('11I1L(' !>a('k 10

'I ,H(('r 1011"'(' h""o SOli "'\I 1"'11' I'm a \l1,il" it
I)('('olill's allilost as I,al"d 10 ('0111" !>a"k. 1'111
]lot r('ally \cr.'- good at lllaking hi,\..( dccisiolls,
1('( tllillg' Itapp"" 10 11]("
2.0 page 12
2.1 page 18
R=Reporter, M=Or Marlow
R ,\cad""lic has hroll"ltt its m\1l
rC\I'artls for Dr Sill 1011 \Iarlm\', \I'ho ill HJ"r;
joill"d thc trallsatlantic 'hraill draill',
\0\1', at :3:2, and still sillglc. hc is ,\ssistallt
I'rof(.ssor of \LttlwlIlatics al thc Lnilcrsitl of
2.2 page 14
'I'll{' :'<atiollal Sa,-illgs Ball\..: ill h:illgStol1 Iligll
Stl""<'1 \las tl«: tal",,('t oluu .unu«! ro!>!)('n at
.urnnu] 2.:)() fllis aft('I"II(){)J1. :\ wmu.m llad
{'tifl'red til(' \;atiollal Sa,-illgs Ballk ill h:illgstOIl
at :2,:27, Ilm'(' miuutr-x !>"I'oll' 11((' ro!>l)('n took
pla('I', siLl' i, 1)('Ii"I"d to 11:,,(' IH'('II :111
a('('olllpli('(' 01' tiLl' "all" \11,0 atta('k",1 .u«! ro!>!>"d
a ,,'('mill [iru: d(,lill'I"ilig 1I,J,OOO ill ('aslL to tiLl'
SIlt' \'-as llotit'{,d h:- S('\'('l"<d CIIS{(Jllwrs
\lILO \1"11' ill tiLl' l.au], al tiLl' linu: I)('('all'" sl(('
\\rllt straight to til(' frollt of tIlt' qlll'llt'. ga\r
S()11H'liJillg to h\o 111('11 l1}('n', t]J('Il left
iIlLIII"dial"II, .\IH,"1 tILI""(' IILillllll" Iall'r. jllSt as
tIlt' s('('llrih', finll \\"('rt' lll<lkillg tJll'ir aftl'r·IH)()11
d"lill'l'I at':2,:311, til(' t,," 111('11 \I IiII 1I:"llw('1I
\\'aitillg ill til(' qlWIW prodllccd III<lC!lill(,
al,,1 1'1I1"('"d Ill(' Sf'('mill "lIal"ds :",,1 til(' ('llSloII((,I"s
10 Ii,' I'a('('-dmlll 1111 tit;, Hllor \lliil" til('l 111:,,1(,
11,,,il" ('s('ap(' \\'itl, til(' (:j,),OIlIl ('asll. Balik stall
('II'II(lIalll I"ai,,'d tl", alarlll 1'"1 it \las tllO Iail',
'1'1((' oall'; or tllI',,(, ILad ,tln'ad\ IILad(' 1I11 ill a ('al"
iG"galll IIlllsid" til(' 1':'Ilk. al,,1 dril('11 III
lit" \10111:'" \1,1,0 I",d Im'liollsil ('111"1"",1 tI((' I,allk
at :2.:27,
:\ traffic \\'ard('11. \dlu \\-,-LS \\Titing out a
ti('k"l \l1l('1I til(' ro!>lwI"s "'"11(' rtLllllill" IIllt IIftlw
hallk al,,1 dmll' 1I11 ill till' car at lii,,1t sp""d, \I'as
a!>l" til gill' po!ic(' a ddail,'d d"scrip(ilill of all
tlll'l'I'rohhns,
Lasl lIi,glit policl' isslH'd tliis d('scriptioll of a
xvum.m !Ll'li('I"d to 11:,,(' IH'I'II illlohni ill all
arlll('d ro!>l)('n ill a liigll stll'('t !>allk ill th" citl
lI'stl'I"d,,, al'll"rII(H,", sl((' \la, xlnu. ill 1(('1" '
{\'"<'lIlies', or Jlwdillll1 witl: lOllg, dark Ilair.
sIlt' Ilad hhw .u«] \\as \\raring a !Ollg
In']]('ll ('oat {:'Pl' nuu-kintoxl). .u«l ('arr:"illg a
Iar",', !>Iackshoulde-r !>a", slH' Ilad lIat ,I"H" Oil
alld \\"as \\'('arillg ]()Il,g ('arrill,gs alld Ilad
a sllLal1 .Ii.uuor«! I"illg Oil tl)(' liulr fillg('I" or 1Ll'I"
!"n I,,,,,,!.
M=Mary, J=Jolln, S=Students
rill \Ial'l al,,1 II,is is .I(}IIII.
Ili
l
Iii 111('((,1
11,,110,
3.0 page 8
(;()O<! )"111 (:llar1(,s un.l 1'111 gOIIl,g
to IH' {('(lC!lillg lulorru.u iou Tccllll()]()L,': !(lr
{Ilis {{'nIl. S011H' (l1"\,()11 Illa\' kIIO\\' ttl(' aln'<Hk-
ill fad I ]"('('()glli'l.(' OIl(' or [\YO race's I"rc)lll 11]('
(:()1l1PII{t'J" S.':sl<'lllS ('()llr.S(' I raIl last ."('ar. l'n'
IH'('II 1":,,,I,illo' ill III(' ('(}II(,o(' I'm III(' lasl I"m
,,", ,.....
Il'al"s alld, III tl", \lal, I also rlill til(' (,011"",'
'So if tlll:n' an' ,lilY!)l](ldillg adors
or at'lr('ss('s Iliit tl)(,l"{, please sc(' lilt' ill til('
Im'ak
l
'\o\\', ii' 111('((' a((' aliI '1"('stioIS ,
S
4.1 page 9
I A Alid \(lll!"
B '1'1((' lIall'" is Ilart,
:2 A \\"!I;lI \Vas tlH' Il,lIllt'
B \\'(,It, FI"allk \\'"It.
:, A ,\lId 1'011'((' \lal'l
B \"Lllt(}l!,
A t)iJ. I('S, \"'111011.
A Alld'tll(' add(('ss-
B I,t CI"a""Llllds Hoad,
A II. CI"a('('lallds Hoad,
,) A \\'lial \las tiLl' '1:11111' ol'tll:llc(lIl1pam

B Holalld
A Holalld
B Tliat's rigll!'
(j A 1'011 did sal I'olld St 11'<'1 , didll't lOll')
B I C['I't ai II11 'did, I'olld as ill dllck
"
A Yes,
2.0 page 7
A B=Mr Black, W=Miss Williams, S=Students
Brill \11" Bl.uk .uu! I \I (}lIld lil« t(}illtrodll(,('
\(}II I,(}II, I() 111\ ('(}II('aC>:III' \Iiss \\illialllS,
S 'II(}\\, do I(}II
\V 110\1 d() I(}II
.J
8 J=Jane, B=Barry, S=Students
.J 11,,110, 1'111.1:[(1(' \\'atsoll :[("Ill,is is 1111
('()lh'agIH' Barr: .I()I)('S.
(;()()d
11('110.
B II(,II(),
C
M
S
129
Tapescripts • Module 2A
2.3 page 19
F=father, S=son
F \\,,,11, vou kllo\\ \\llat tl(('\ ",,: liard work
hrings ils 0\\'11 u'lulrr!:,,!
S 1111111. I SllpIHlS(' tll('l'(' Illight IH' II gmill of
truth ill \dlal \011 say.
F Dont ludr: ... vou kllo\\ 1'111 right reullv'
S just 'u'(·oiliu:!. ill \l(ln"or at til;'
illollglll 01' ail illis liard \\'(111
1
F ok :'011 I)OO}"
S Do I (1"('1 tlu UI,IFIIl' idl'<l t11at voun being
ifs not t1l;-lt . It's just
Illai 1'111 Ilol;m(' I!w!ii'l(' ill \\'(lIllill' its ()\\II
;-;al...:('.
F I )011'1 look so r/"j"I'!('r/. You kllo\\ I cunt
nsi«! tC<lSillg
S \\'('11, \011\(' ""rlaill" hit illt' 1I11i1 Oil tilt' I(('ad
illt'n,1
2 LISTENING
1.0 page 23
\'ari()IIS hackgr()ll11d SOllllds: S('(' UII pag{' l·-I-h.
1.1 page 24
1'111 lo .''011 f'Hllll tIl(' [[Uill nlll\\-;l\
\\I(('n' a f('\\ Iligllts an' slill 01H'ralillg.
,J Aet!lall:' \\'(,'1"(' ill all ('111('I",g('IW\' pllo!w hn\ Oil
tl](' 111otor\\';l'-.
.) Ill'."! \\'Ilat (in ."011 tllillk :-'-(lll"n' to Ill:
Carr
·1 Tllis is a slaITaIiIIOIIIl('('II(('111. COldd .\lldn'\\
Sinclair p!(';L"i(' ('Olllt' to tIl{' ('llst(lIlWr st'lyict'
d('sk ai lilt' frolll ol'llll'
,) /\lld tlw (TO\n! arc \\'ild Iwrt' - wit!1
(lllh tW(l Illillllt{'S ll'n to ,'2;(),
() (;O'(lIl, <;() alld I(,tt'li it
2.0 page 24
Pric('s tlll's(' days, I ask VUlt. Sh()(.. En'll
g()ill,g dO\\'11 tu ill(' !(lr half a pOlllld or
hlillt'r I(('ar" hr"aks illt' old hallk-
kll()\\ \\'kLt i 1I11'all',J \\'(, SllOldd 11('\'('1'\'1' ,'2;OIH'
d('"iliiai. \\'" sl")llld\" k"pl 11ll' old pOIIl"ls.
and
., l'r'op!" ask \\hal it's lik" 10 Ii\(' dO\\ll IlIld"r
:lIId I al\\a\s "" lilt' salll(' tllillg. It's prohah"
Ii"" :1I 1\'\"1It'n , "Is" 11111 11((' clililalt''s
!)('tl('r - :';1111 "'11'- sllrf1.1llst a pit:, it's s\lch a IOllg
\\a:' !(lr :'Ull
:') Bllt it's a !)('alltiflll cOlllltr: :'Oll\'l' got to
COIlH' 0\'('1' ,UHf S('(' it /(11' \'ollrs('IP Sun'. it
raillS hilt tllai's wi" il so A.lld Ih"
S"('I(('I"\' - 10 It'll 11;1' trlltll. \\(,'r" IH'!t(']' ofT
willlOlit 100 11I:1I1\' tomists. It \\oldd Oil" spoil
\vhat llH·)t!wr llat'lIf(''s gi\'(lll .
I "II('SS 1'('01'1(, II:" (' Illis id"a that
('oll\'iIlU,d w("r(' bilTlTer 'alld hetter thall
t",-'
all\()]ll' (,Is". I "all'l sal I()r Slll'(' ahollt h"lt"r,
hilt higgcfr It SUIT is a hig ('011lit 1':' :ull'rc
talkill"; ahollt hn". )011 Oil" r"alis<' 11011' hig
wht'll :'Oll'J'(' dri\'illg fro!ll ('ast to
130
.) P"opl" clont al\\a\s r"alise \\T\'" got the
olde-st hm!,:ll:'!,:" ill Ellrope. Oh. the\ COlli"
looking for mouutuins alld SCCllCT:', \\'c\-c got
plent\ of that. mind vou' Bnt \\e\e a \"n
old and ancient culturc-, alld SOl1l" of til(' h"sl
singers ill the work!'
2.1 page 24
Possihl" kov \\ords urt: in bold.
1III"'lIl to SC"·. p"opl(' an' turfed out of
the-ir homes - and all Ill'caus<' till'
Ila\" d""id"d to build Ihis 1(('\\
link mad.
:2 I magiu" laking 10 till' skies ami floating
across tilt' op"n onuntrvside in a
wicker hasket - \(111 c.ni Sl'" [or miles and
mil.-s.
:3 Th« Bis,,11 \lagic broom must Ill' IIll(' of tlu
Iliosl vcrvarile updght vacuum cleaners Oil
til(' market today. It "an do ill seconds \\1I:lt
it lak" \011' hours to do bv hand.
Th" societv Las h"I'n in the r"-d for si\
Illonths 11I1\\. and auditors sc" that ils
financial Iuture looks insecure.
.J I)ming om thn"'-d,,, trip 10 Holland. \OU
will I«. take-n Oil a full-day excursion 10 lilt'
Dutch bulb fields 10 vixi! lilt' world-Famous
nurscrtcs.
3.0 page 25
S, '(' k( '\' Oil I'ag" 1+7
4.0 page 26
First reading
.\ rl'lin'd g]'()"n. Holalld BI(H)IIl. \\as ord"n'd 11\
a COllrt :rst('nlay to pay local COl11 It'il Ll\{'S Oil Ilis
sl,,)I" \lr Bloolll. ag('d Hh. \\as said
\('st(']'d,,, ('\('Ilillg 10 1)(' d('\aslat",1 as Ilis sll0l'
'1las 1)(,,,1; clos(,d sio,,(' IHSO. lIo\\"\n. it lias
IH'('II pn's"n"d as a lill((' "al'sld" oftl)('
fift i"s. \ Iagisl rat( 'S ill Lisk( 'anL Com\\all. Ill'ard
Ihal \Ir Bloolll o\\"d !Jack-I,'\l's Oil Ilis sllol" TIlt'
pn'1I1is{'s llad IH'l'll assess('d as a IIOll-dollH'Sti('
I'rol'"rl\ aod lilt' sIH)I'. ('sla!Jlislll'd h\ his failin
ill !DO:2. I"" l'l'lllaill"d \irtllalk Iiolollclll'd sil((,('
ils "Ioslll'('. alld is slill iii 11\ ligllt.
"Ios"d 10 tilt' !)]]i,lic. il ()('Cllp;('S tilt'
floor of \Ir BItHlIlI'S thn'('-ston'\ t()\\'lI
hOlls". \11' B!OOIlI has n'hISt,d to disiliallt!(' it
l)('ca119' !H''s ('ollsid('rillg !H'qll{'athillg it intact to
Ih" as a IlilIS('IlIll. Y('stnda\ \Ir BI(HIIII
said, Till \'('I"\' cross. It hasll't 1)('('1l us('d as a
shop f,)r \"'1I< alld it's IlIlL'ir.·
Second reading
:\ rdir"d grocn, Holalld Bloom. \\'as ord"n'd
I" a COlll't \ ('stl'rda\' 10 1"'" local COllllCil LL\l'S
Oil his \'illage shop.
.) \1 r BloOIII, ag"d H(i. \\'as said \ "stl'rda\
"\'l'llillg to he d,'\astatl'd as his shop lias
!J('('1l closed sillc" 1').SO.
:3 1100\'('\lT, it has 1""'11 100'illgk pr"s"n('(1 as a
lime capsui" of thc fifti"s.
\lagistrat"s ill Lisk"ard. Conl\\'aIL h"ard Ihat
'dr Bloom O\\'"d !Jack-tall's Oil his shop.
.') The prcmis"s had !J""1l '''Sl'SS"r! as a 11011-
dOtII('stic propcrt\.
() Th" shop. esta!Jlish"d !J\ his Lltlll'r ill 1,)0:2.
has remaill"d \irtualh Ilntollch"r! sinc" its
c1osur".
- It is still lit I" gas light.
.S e1os"d 10 till' puhlic. it occllpi"s t11('
gmlllld floor of \Ir BloOIII's tlll'l'('-slor,,}
town hou-.«.
H \Ir Bloom It:,s n,lirs"d to disiliaull" it
lxcun:«: lJ("s (,ollsidcrillg !H'({lwatllill,\2; it
intact to th(' as a 1111ISI'1I111.
]() )"stl'rd,,, \Ir Bioolil said. Till \(']'\ noss. It
h.ixnt 1ll'''lIlls('d as a sll0l' «II' \('ars alld ii's
lInfair.'
Exam practice page 28
R=Reporter, L=Ernie Lawson, G=David
Gurney
R .\ h()-war-old t.nmcr, (inli(· LawsolI, I""
«mlld IJiJIISl,)J":1IIgI11 ill a dil('IIIIII'l.
Y,'skrda\. Ill' \\as ord"r"d h\ a c-ourt to Iialid
ove-r Ilis Slllllililig lind last 111011111 (>I'
tIIOlIS<lllc!" of\2;{)ld alld sih'('r cr iiux. !1J'(Jocll<'s,
Sp(HlllS alld slatill's dalillg fro III All :3,';:). VII'
"'''\SOli. \\110 dis"()\('I'l'd lilt' Iloard willi Ilis
1IIt'Iai dl'l,'('lor alld Ilad 10 S"ool' III' Ili.s
t r.-axurr- into "IIJHTlllarkd plastic hags, \vas
d('\:,slakd \I luu \\1' lalLe'd 10 hiiu \I'skrd,,,
I )('spil(' Ilis pl('a t lrat hix dis"O\'('r)' is
()f Ili"tori('al illlj)(lrLlIl('(\ alld was IIlad('
ou Ilis 1'111,1 - alld Ilis illSisl"Jll'(' Illal lit'
ill!()rJll('c! tlli' nut lunil icx orllis rille! as SOOtl as
]](' dis{'()\('r('d it Illagistnlt('s Ila\'I' ()nl(,J'l'd
\11' La\\'soll t() IlarH! ('\('1'\ sillglt' o!li,'('t O\'I'r
10 11ll' aIIIIHlrili('s or la,,(:111t' IHlSsi!Jilitl 01'
pnlsl'Clltill1l.
Ll\\'SOII /(JllIHIIJis trt'tl\llre. \\'Iliell lias
r('lilaill(,d IIIU!'l' or It's" iIILH'{ sill('(' it \vas
pla,,('d 11,,']'(' all IllllS(' \I'ars ago. wllil" Ill' was
lo()kin'2; lin' ,,()JIll' LLrlll to()I", 'I'll(' lill<!. IIOIl('
of\\llidl \lr L'''ISOII \I ill 1)(' all 0\\ I,d io I"",p.
is said 10 1)(' \lortll alHllII lIO IlIillillIlIH)III((1s
!llil \lr La\\'S(lll Illa\ ()11h- n'('('i\{'
('(lIllJ)('llsali()1l lill' dltlS{' Ill' lip
IliIIlSt·"·. \losl of il)(' o!li('('ts \\(T" adllalk
llll('()\rr('<! a {{'alii (J \\·,110
lall'r ('altl(' t() {'\ca\a\(' tIl(' sit(',
Y{'st{'nLl\ ('\'('IJillg \11' La\\'SOII W;1.'; ill a
!H'llig('n'lrt Ill(H)(!:
L To 1((' 1")ll<'sl. 1'111 \('IY "rms :U((1. Ilalliralh,
disappoilll<'(1. It "nlaillh \\lllt'!
111('. or <illdH)(!\ (,1,,(, wit!1 a Illt'lal e1l'!('dol", 10
('()Ill(' lill<\'anl'alld d('clar(' {lIlr disc()\{'ri('s ill
1IIIIlrl'. I "all ft'1! \011
1
R \\,' also lalk('d io I)a\id (:mll"\.prill"ipal
lill' t!ll' .\111.'1('11111 ill tIl(' ar(,a,
(; )(·s. ('('rlaill". \\'(' do s\lIlpallli/.(, willi vIr
L,,,\SOII. \\,' killl\\ alH)111 :21)11 IJI'opl(' wi,,) art'
Olllv 100 (kliglllt'd to (1\(']' a li"ld willi Ilwir
IIl<'tal dd"dors I,)r II.S. 'I'll<' fil"ls "all IJI' w,,11.
illst a!Jsolllit'I:' sia,'2;,u;{'rill,\2;. \\'(' ('stilliatl' tllat
'O\(T ill<' lasl d"cad(' Illor,' tllall :300,O(JO
ohjects\'!' \H'('ll iJrollglrt to 1IIIIS('1111IS h:
l'lltllllsiasts. Bllt tllis filld's 01'
particillar illlporlaIIC(' IJI'''''I IS< , it la\ !Jllri"d ill
a fi,'ld \\llicll \\'asll'l ('\('11 cOIl.sid"r"d a lik,,1v
arcll<.u,()lugical sitl',
Its till I<' \\" a"kl((I\II,'dg"d lilt' ""lit' 01 lilt'
11I)!>I1\ of IIldal d<'t"l'tillg alld said a propn
'thallk \011' to all thos" wllO 1(('11' to ('llri,,"
our 1111;S('1111IS, ()f ('OllrS(', tll(':' ollglJt to he
"lItitkd to propn (,(lllljH'lIsalioll, too. Bllt the
1:1\\':s til<' 1.,,\ alld. \\'(,11. 111,,,1((' Illat's wllat
\1,,'\(' r"allv to
R -\1I official d('('isioll Oll t"" tn'asIJn' trov" is
esp('('t"d SOliII' lilll(' ill til<' 11",1 J(,\\ days.
1.1 page 29
6=80y, G=GIrI
B YOII (','rlaillh woulrlut catel, Ill" pot-holillg-
I ("lid Ihillk' 01' 'llllll,ilig Ilion' It'rrif\illg than
{willa stuc-k IlIH!C!:unllllld, \\'()IHlcrill'g wlu-tlu-r
til(' lot's to ('OllH' tlllllhlillg do-vn
Oil 101' or Ill' I,('ad
l
G Oil, ('0111<' '"I' It's 1101 th.u ,\elllalh, it's
1101 r.-allv II,al dallg,'ro'is ii' lOll kllo\\ \\hat
'-(ll]'rC (:('rtaill1.\- 1\0 wor:«: t hun. sa:
...
B Cor. ooh a lun.ui« \\olIid In th.u Did lOll
lu-.n ah(;111 Illal c'"II'I(, \\ IloJIIIIl[)(,d olf a
hrid.«: ill Auxtruli.r. I think, 10 c('lchrat<- t luir
Tlll'l actu.rllv jlllllJ)(,d logdll<'r
'
I
ask \O1\!. lu: not OIl{' II)]' t!)('s(' iliad
,'s('al'ad('s, \11 id('a 01' c\('rci", is a uicr- '1'lid
stroll tlw s(';LslI0n' 01\ a
ultc-ruoon \\'itll Ill:'
(; 'o( \rr\, .u lvr-ul urouv. an'
n (,oo\..: ",i,o's 'I'll('
tllat \'Oll\r ('\('1' <I'OIl(' is (lCrOllics!
G \\'I,al'o
1.3 page 30
M=Marl, W=Wornarl
.\1 \\"'11, lod,,,'s I'rogr'lllllll<' is "lIlill,'d BOI"<'dolll
Ifit's !lorillg ill C()rillL!;. or :(lIl'rC
ell<'(,,,'d olf ill (:ll<'sllil"<', dOld d,'sl'air. \\'" n'
11<'1"<' 10 rC"'II<' lOll \\illl loads ol'l,olidal
adi,-ilit'S all ()\';'l" tilt, l'(lll11lIY!
\\'lll'lI il ('lIl111'S III l'lI""i('s, ;lIli ('lIldd al\\a\S
add ;ulOtll<'r to \'0111' h()\\ al)(1 take llP
ardH'IY. It's hallg OIl targd Ie)]' Sllllillwr fllll!
11'\'011 "Ii\'(' ill \(lIl eall.join till'
B';\\'III'1I1 "r..lll'l"I ('III", (Hll<'r 1I1l'lld)('rs
illcllld(' til<' C(JllldIY's jllllior CII<llllpioIIS.
Tll<'re arc at !('ast t\\'(; s('ssiolls ('acll \\'(Tk al)(1
it's ollIY \.:1 a tilll(' to arlll! Plul!Ic
al'l, 'r I !"11,
1I'IIIai d,"'sld 111I"11 IllIl lIl1. IIIl'1I tlll'l'(' aI'('
Ilion' tkUI IO() hin!"salwtllaries organised h:
IIII' S'l('il'i1 1(1I'IIIl' l'rol(Tlilili lIr Birds, (;rah
IlIlII" "i,lllclIiars '1I1d IlI'ad I(,r SlIillllllll, \\111'1'('
call S('{' a Illl,g{' \'arid:' or hirds, as \\'ell as
'I'('d d,'('r. lIal,'r IlIl"s alill ('1('11 lIltns, TI,al's
a gn'al cia:' Ollt at S\\'illdoll lell' oIlI:' \.::3, 'TIl{'
1111I1I11I'r's ill IIII' 1'1Il1111' """k 'liid 1'"1 ("Ill
pll()'W dllrillg ollieI' DOII't lr:' pholling
lIlllsidc lIUi('(, IIlIllrs as IIII'I dmd I,al(' all
<lll."i\\'{'rillg lllacllilH' and :'(;\1 IId,gllt distllrh tl\{'
lIild-liI,,1
Il'nlll\r ('\,cr !lad a to he a 1IH'lllhcr
o(a S\'II('llrolli/,('d S\\"illllilillg tcalll, Bristol has
a S\\'illllllill,g c1llh, Tlln'l' of its
IIII"lldll'rs lIa\(' ClIlI'I)('lcd ill till' O!l'llpics,
For a IlIlId('sl 1(", alld a [17 '1111111al
sllhscriptioll :'011 call joill t11<'1111 You call t1': it
Iliit \\'illIlIlIl till' allllilal "d",-rilltilill hilt lII1C('
I'OII\(' "lIl till' "II" [!7 \\ill "'('1I1Iikc glilid
IlIOIH'\,! IlIon' illJe)J'lllatio;1 scud a
slall'l,,'d ('III('llIp(, tll thc
prognulIlllt'. \\'{"1I gin' :'OIJ Ollr addrcss to pill"
lI11 ,'lIllr "III"<'llIl'" latl'r, P[,.as(' dlln't !'Jrgd tll
illcilldc IlIlII" addn',ss alld a slamp - lIit""llt it
1I("III""'lllahlc III "'1111\(111 1111' illl"mutillll,
Jnd\', o\"('r to :-011.
\V \\-ell, souu- sports ce-ntre-s II()\\' hall' their own
climhing \\'all - \\'hieh me-ans 101l\C gllt a
mouutain OIl :-Ollr doorstep just \\-aiting to 1)('
scalcd! YOIl can trv climbing on one of the
actil'ill- da\"s at Southport Ctnt rr-. Thov cost
onl. {16 ,; dal and. ulthoush [](j mal scr-m a
Ilit 'at thc tilll;.. ther,,'s a e1;allce to hi;\(' a gll
at loads or other ace sports thronzhout the-
<la\- including sailing. shootill,g and ski-ill,g.
\\;'it" ill tor ddaik
And Iiu.illv. \\'h,' not joill a h.tllrooiu dallcillg
tl"llll',J C"t illto' st,'p :md vonll h",,' a hall
doillg thr- chu-cha-cha alld 1'011 muv ('11'11
1"'l'(1I111' a champioll! sports
cOlllpl", olll'rs hallroom dallcillg il'SSOllS for
oulv [2,,)0 a «-ssiou. so ilvou Iiv« ill tlu-
\li;1dl""" arc-a write- in for ddails, \:0
pre-vious l'\!1{'ri(']H'(' is 1J('('{'Ssar:-,
So tl,at's it lor tod.iv. For loads 111111'1' .utivitv
id('<ls tutu: into BOJ"('dOlIl BllS{(TS tOIllO!T{)\\' at
,),:m, \:011 f"r till",' addr('sscs \\" I'rDllli,,'d
\'011.
2.0 page 30
S"I' k"1 Oll pagc 117,
2.1 page 31
M=Marl, W=Wornarl
\1 110\\ do '-Ol! EUIl'\- getting a\\-a\ I'nllli it all Ii)),
IIair 1111' pri(',' 10'; mlldd lIorlll'alh palo '1'1",
/JI/i{,/ 'j'(-II'I!,I"III'!' call Il('lp lIlli' To tak,' lip tllis
,'\c!I'S;I" oU,'r or 1110 Iligllts' I,olt-I
<.ll'l'Ollllllo<!atioll Jill' tll(' pric(' or OIl{' at lll()]'('
II,all -i,)O sllp('!"h holt-Is, all lOll Ill,,'d 10 do ;s
('oll('el til(' 10k,'llS I'"hlisll('d ill III(' /J1/i1,/
'j'1'!I'I!,I"II!J!J 1)('11\"("'11 ,\llgllSI l-ilh 'llill
S"pl"llll)('r hIli alld alla('11 111<'111 10 s\,,'cial
collcelor ('ards,
\V \\'11('11 lOll hall' ,'oll,,(,lt-d sli/Ii('i"llt 10k"llS,
\'011 ('a;\ dailll t\\'() COIIS(Tllti\,(' lligl1ts' I)('d
;ullllm'akL,sl ror I\\"(, pcopl,' for III(' pri,'" of
OIl(' al aliI or III<' I'arlicipatillg Iiolt-k I r lOll
('olllpl,''': holh III<' ('oll'Tlor ('ards, lOll call
lak(' ,,,h'llltag(' or tllis on,,!" a "'('01111 lilli",
1\1 EI"IT dal' rrolll AIIglLSI l-ith 1IIIId \!Olillal
htl, IIIl'j)I/i1,/ 'j'I'!('i!.I"III'!' \\ill
pllhlisll (Ill(' 10k"11 ill ,'ael, ('01" of til('
1I(,\\,sl'a[,,'r. All lOll 1I",'d 10 do is collcel 1/'11
din"l'l'lIth 1Illl1dll'r('d tokcllS alld stick tlIl'111
ill spac('s prlll'id('(1 Oil 101lr coll('ctor card,
'I'll(' first ('ollcdor ('ard \\'as pllhlislll'd last
Salmdal', Ih(' "'COlll! is pllhlisll('d ill tod,,,'s
iSSII" o(tll(' /J1/i11/ 'j'1'!I'i!.I"II/J!',
\V YOII Ill'" llS(' \"(Im coll"elor ('ard 'lill lillll'
!)('I\\('(';I S"I);clld)('r til(' 1st alld \lal til(' :llst
(sllhi,'d 10 illdilidllalllou,lsi alld n'lll<'llll)('r.
ir \(111 coll('ct 20 tOkCllS lOll call fill hotl,
c(;III'elor ('ards alld "lljo'" t\\"O short hr('aks,
\\'lll'n'\"('r \"(111 d,'cide 'tl; go, \"(111'111)(' mn' of
a gloriolls
3.0 page 31
Is IOUI' idea of halillg a hallicalillg all 10m
In;lIhl,'s hchilld 1'011alld tra\"(,lIillg arolilid IIIII],-r
10m O\\ll stcam,j If so, thc !\.Oll- Tiki h-iO
lllight sllit yOll \"cr:" \\Tll!
3.1 page 31
R=Reporter, J=Rick Jenkins
R \(otorcarm',lllllcrs arc knowll as 'lug,gcrs' in
Ihe car,,,',m world - P"op],- \\-ho IlIg th"ir
Iilillg qnarters arolilld \\'ith thcm, ThcI dOld
Module 26 • Tapescripts
mine! that, III hc!. tlll'l 'n' l,apI"10 I",
r('cogniscd as a dill"1'I'1I1 Im'cd' '1'111'1 I,al(' a
word lor tlu- caral,1I1 lot as wr-ll: 'tllggcrs,
Th(' IlIgg('rs an' \\('11 ill III(' miuoritv. wit]:
about 100,000 r(',gistl'l'l'd 1(,llicll'S ill IIIl' t' K
compar"d with \\(,11 ove-r hall a milliou
cur.iv.ms.
Both ('alill" arc ol'ficialh Oil good UTIIIS, I II It
tl 1('1"< , is a trac(' of 1I11l'a'" ill IIIl' alliallc,', III
til{' r-.ulv .l.rv.... or IllotClr('ar<l\illlllillg. hack ill
till' hOs,' tl".- Cur.r, all Cln]: wouldu! alloll
to join, and h.unu-c! tlWlll lrr nu t luir
sit<'so
I loxt iliti.« hall' ollic-i.il]v"I"!SI'd 11011,
\lotorcanl\aIlS an' "-('!cOIII('. pro\-id('d, ill til('
\\ords 01111<' (:ar,,, all (:I,d, ('od(', thrir
'al'pcaralll'" is al'pt"lll'Lialt- .uu! does 1101
olf"lll! pulilir opinion,
l lowcvor. carri('d a\\'ay,IH1:rrs
arc athis('t! to ash t!WlIISI'h-('S SOliI(' 1j1]('sliollS
ahollt ]10\\- t1H'\- arc to 11SI' t lu-ir
II II !1orcara\ all iH'!eJl'(' Illahill;2: tlu-ir ('I[()i('('.
TIll'1I 1111" sl'''lIld I,il"l' ""(' ",,' all
{',pCrilIH:1Ital \\(ThClld.
TIll' first 11"('sli"ll is, \\ill il Ill' !Ill' ",," LII"i"
car. 1IS,'d ",r s('I,,,,,llriI'S alill sl'''pl'illg as \\('11
as C'"ll'illg II's", it \\illll,,(,d I" Ill'
slllal1. llot too tllirsl\- 11I1 fllc,1 <llld !o\\' ('lloll,g11
to illto Sllj){'nll;;rhd <llld lllllllieipal car
I'arks
'
Bllt ""' H;ck J('lIkillS, \\1,,, ,.,.,i,.,.d al \.'ll"
11IJildillg lip ,; stc('1 cOllstrtwliOIl hll."iilWSS alld
s('lIillg il. "II" a hill-J,I"\\I1 1I1l1l1('ll\'ill d,,1 II"
alld his \\il,' Lillda "I'jlll a "'I1<II'a'" IlI'dl"<lI""
art'a. f(Hllll. '1'\ .. \-it!c'o, air
('(lIl{!itiollillg, hallJnH)lIl. hi!". lllicrO\\,;l\'(' alld

\\'c I\'alit !" "'" !11I' \\"rld I\'I,il(' lilillg ill 11ll'
."11\11' \\('\(' 1)('('OIIH' accilstolll('<! III at II{JlIW,
R t!w 11lggc'rs' Ill(lttll, tklt Illi\2;llt
Exam practice page 33
Is tOllriSll1 !(lruillU all {'\'{'Il ('!oser lillioll of"
pcopl('s, or aC!li('\'illg IIH'
It's m'll-kll"\\11. ",,' illslalll'l', \\I,at l'e"I'I" Illillk
ahol1t SOIII(' ol't!lt' C;(Tlllall {Ollrists tlH'.'\'{' lllt't
(lllll(llida\': SOIJI('\C' 1)('1'11 kIlCJ\\'11 to tal'd'
p"ss,'ssi";' "J"IIll'gr"lllills "Itlll'it" 1,,,,,,11,,
tlwir tc)\\rls ()\('r dlTh dlairs allli
poolsides ff(llil as carl: as -; o'clock ill tlw
to stake tlwir
\\'Ilat d" 11ll' (;Crt!l<IIIS tI,illk "I' "I Ill'r
natiollaliti('s. t]JOll,gll·.) ;\Ild ('(1('11 of ('\rr:C)IJ('
(-1",0 l-:a('I'lIati'"1 lias its "\\'III'('rccpli,," ,,1'1111'
otl)(,L alld. at tlw risk or SOIlI('
,,!,s('nati,,1IS call Ill' Illadl' aIH)II! 11'1,al \\" II,ill"
of
Pc"pl,' tl'lId I" Ihillk "J" 11,(, DII!('I, as ,g""d s"lid
"'I1,,\\'s: d"("'lIt alld lillassllillillg, Bllt 1\'111'11 11ll'I'
d,'sl"'lId IIp''lI till' (;"l"Iliall alll"J,al IIIS, at till'
start "J" tlll'ir l"llg j"l1 1"1 ll'l s"lllll. 11ll' (;el"1l1aIlS
l'all't 1)('lil'II' h,,\\ sl,,"" '1I1alll DlIlI'll cars Irawl:
till' 'Dlltch sllail's pal''':, as call('d, s" sl,,1\' is
t1)(lir progn'ss And by tll(' tillH' tlwy,
and t1H' J)clgialls, g('t to Spaill, it's a staltdillg
Sl'allisl,j"k" tllat h"tl, llati"lIalili('s an' ,,1t!'11
ill('apable of llegotiating tl)(' IIHllllltaill roads or
halldlillg th"ir cars "" till' st,','jl sl"p"s SCI
llIlL_lIlliliar in their O\\"ll
The Frcnch an' s"lIll'tiIlJ('S tlll"lgl,t t" 1)(' ratlll'r
prolld, as th"Y'I"<' ].""1\\11 t" Ill' a Iittl!' crilical
131
Tapescripts

Module 2C
ahout the I()()(I ill th.- couutru-s thcI visit. After
all. uoboclv cooks lx-ttr-r thau the };re11ehI
The- British ha\(' a dllal n-putut ion. Ther" arc th"
nastv dlarad"rs ill shorts \\ith n«l. pe"ling,
Slillflllrllt skill all ove-r the-ir hodi"s, the-n ther,,'s
th" gr"at IIlass or Hritixl: tra\(,lIers who arc IC"
lOllg-sllffi:rill,\.; and 11('\'('1" \rry dc-monstrativo. .ind
who sit th"r" cll('willg sacllv ove-r their f()()(1
wit hout or ahout
<lllvliJillL!:.
\\'i1('11 tl«: llaliallS \('lIlm,' I'ro11 I ltalv. th,,\ "all
he S('('II dri\iJl,e; ill s('arch of far-distant e:1TCIl
places Oil III(' "dg" ,Ji'III(' Britisll Isles, It's \('"
Iushiouuhlr: ill ltulv to "" thaI vouv. lx-rn to
Scotlalld
l
S"ollalld's ahll'llSl a slat lIS
slilihol
l
Alld III(' AIII('riealls, \\1·11, ,I ,-\lthollgh the\ do
St"'111 to I", ill a 11111'1'\.111('1 al\\als S("'1I1 10 Iincl
tiuu- lor all allli"ahl,: cl,al. TII('\:r" g"lIeral"
n'gard,'d as I)('illg 0l'ell alld h'i"lIdh-. d,'spit<' til('
fad IllaL a<.Tonline: to tll('lll, is ahva:'s
higger and !H'tt(,l" at IIOl1H'!
:\s li,r II", .Ial'all('S(', 110 10m \\I'lIld 1)(' cOlllp"'I,'
1I1l!{'SS (,<lell llH'lldH'1" of til(' e:rollp Ilad a ('<lll]{'ra.
The plll,lograpllS 111('\ lak,' II11 1St [illllllll(ln'ds or
all II111 I.S '1'1"'11 111('\' go ha"k 1I(1llle
i
()I)('{', \I()\\"('\rr, ,;atiollal distilldiolls ,strllck 011('
illlll",diale!l. ill II", \(111(1. ill III(' "loll",s, :\0\\ a
great is across tlu\ \\'orld,
rrOlll rr():/,('II pizzas to tIl{' 1l1lin'l"sal (,Ol"llf'tto i('('-
('!"('aill. AIIIIOS{ as tllOlH.!;11 it \\'as all Oil<' COlllltiY.
I'er],al's ill IIII' pasl \\,' 1,,1\,' "llItell('d Oil 10 til'"
old ster{'ot:p{'S as a r()nll of J"(',l."\."\llrall(·('. It cUldd
I}('. ill :lOI('ars' lilli", lIaliolial ""',raeterisli,,s \\'ill
I""" I;lluslll'd "llog"II}('r, Oil Iloli,L" alld "I
1111111'" A,,,I \\'1,'11 "lid "I' I)('illgjllSl '")(, ],ig
lIalioll, Bill 110\\ IlI,rilig 11,,,1 \\ollid I}('I
1.0 and 1.1 page 34
(:()lltrar:' to \\'klt :Ull plac{'s.
pn·llislori" periods alld 1"'01'1,' e,," all I)('
n'!IwIldH'n,tI ('asih h\ Sl'lItt'lI('{'S 1l1ad{' lip fro II 1 a
lisl or Illitial Il'li<'rs,
'1'111' lIord '1II1I('III1)\li,,' l"ls "Silllp'" d,.fillilioll: it's
a pll1'ast" \('rs(' or sa:'illg d('sigll{'d ttl Iwlp :'011
n'l11t'llIlH'r SOIlIl'tllillg. It ('OJlWS fnllll th(' Cn'ck
I(,r '1Ililldl'lIl'. alld ii's IIII' Oil" \\'Iml ill till'
dictiollary to }H'gill.\\,itll JII!/.
I n'l11t'JlliH'r 111\" '2;r,1I1dLltlwr Ill(' tllat
"I\ie"'trll OJ')',;rk (;ail}('d B"tlles III \aill' \\'as all
('as\, \\'a\' to J'<'lllt'lldH'r til(' spednllll ofco!ollrs
ill rail'l!)()\\', (r('(L orange, \'('llo\\,. gr('t'Il, hltH',
illdigo alld ,"iolt'll. .
A g(')(HI JlllH'IlIOllic call pn)\-id{, a hasic strllctllrc
l()r alld cOllc{'ph alltl reasolls call IH'
fitted anllll,,1 il.
:\ortll AIII"riea. I()r ,'salllpl", is a cOlltil,,"t IllOSt
p"op]" arc I'"lliliar witll. En'lI so, li'\\ peopl,'
call n'II"'lId}('r \\'I,iell (;r"at I.ake is whi"h, Tn
(w"sl to "ast): "Sliper \I;lll Ileips 1':nT\ Ch,e'
1(lr lak"s SlIp,'rior. \li"higall. I Illnlli. Eri" alld
Olltario,
Alld il\ulI CA:\T 1'1'111"1111)('1' \\'hich CS statl's
border' \!t'sieo, jllst n'I1"'IIII}('r C>\-:\-T 1(11'
Cal;[ill'llia, AriZ'-lila, ,\,,\\, \!t'sieo alld Tesas, YOII
call groall at the joke il'lOIl wish. bill \'CHI'lIm'ler
(Irget th" onler!
132
For the CS states bord"rillg Call ada trv this:
'\\,,,11. I \Illst '\ot \Iis"'ac]' for \\'ashillgtoll,
Idaho, Xloutuu«, :\orth Dakota, .md vl iunc-sot.i'
III ract. the slogall is a good 1110tto lor all
Il1 JIt-'1I10J 1ic-: uukcr».
South Amcricas ilion' straightfillwanl. \lam
1'(,01'1" alrc.ulv kuo« that 'Colonihias ill t],c:
Corne-r. \\'hil,' Eell;Hlor's Oil Ih" E'lilator ,and
the- oulv twr: statl's withou! a eoastlill(, an' Bolivia
.md - alld \'011 could 119' lll()rt' British
Pr-trokum ti) get ti,,:r,,1
l lvouv: 1(,11",\'('d the argnllll'lIt so far. vonIl Iu
l'llli 01' lInwl11ollics, Th,,\"re I)('tt"r "iiIII,: .u«!
oltc-u thun ill a big group, and tl,,'\ can I}('
appli.«l to alll snhj""t.
But ill pLUlllill,g 11('\\- 1111)('1I10Ilics, t rv to u:«: a
Stroll,g rhvthu: - 'Hieltard OfYork Caill"d Battks
III \'aill'I",s laskd IH','aILS" it 1I""s \\,,11 alld it's
got a strollg rhvtlu II, Tr, to [iud 1I)('III(,raltl" hut
lllad lo,e:ic. :\S!;;)od 1l1lH';llOllic lllakes l('arllill\1;
1I11m' ('njmahl,' alld 111\1(,1, I",ss I'lII'g,'ttahlc'
2.0 page 35
I=intervlewer, D=Deborah Tannen
I III Il('r first hook Yo" I"sl no" 'I ( I/I!e/'sl/l"r!,
1),o"lII'al, Tallllell ,'oll'''''lItralt's Oil til('
dini'n'II("'s l)('tll'l"'11 IIlal,' alld 1"'lIlale shies
Ol'(,olll('rsalioll, 11I1)('r 1l,llo\\-lIp 'J'/1fI1"'\'",
\\'/,"1 I ,\fm,,', sl)(' n'llIillds ILS t"'ll l\'t' dOIl"t
I""" 10 look 10 0111' lI"arest alld dean'sl Ii,I'
(,Ollllllllllicatioll LtilllJ'(', I )t'horah. \\-ollld \'011
car(' to ('la!>oratt' Oil
D (:lTlaillh, I'or """II'Ic, I'ri"llIls "all 1I11slake
COIl('cnl I()r COlld('s('('llSiolL alld l)('opl(' :-011
111('1'1 al I'arti,'s, I'or """111'1,', ('all [illd 10m
()IT{'llsiH', \\'OIll('11 ill ]lllSiIH'SS
sit \Iat iOlls ('all app('ar \-ae;lH' I)('callSt' t ht':
I"""ld adopl('d til(' "risk 'I'"'slioll-alld-
;1I1S\\"r shl,' d"",lop"d I" 1I11'II,jILSI as 111('11
call St't'1l1 distallt IHT'UI."\(' t!I(''' dOld rt'ali/.<'
Ihal "'0111('11 ('sped til(' o('"asi'"lal sllll\' or
1IIIIIIall illll'n's!. II's all a IIlatllT or
C( 111\t 'rsat i(lIIal sld('.
I (\Ul "Olt ,giH' liS all\' ilIon' l'\alllplt,s .
DEl', '1'1'11, Ih"re ar(' 'so IIlalll 1':1'111,
,-\III('riealls, Il,r ""lIl1l'l", lih' 10 gl'l a fis Oil ;,
I,,'rsoll's first '''lIl1'', \\'I,ielt iSid pOllillar \\'itll
Ih" Britisll. \\'hil"-\lIl('ri";IILS \\,1111 an'ld asked
'1'I('stiolis a"ollt Ih"III"'''''S I" a Britisll
p('rSOIl lila:' aSSIlIII(' tllt':"r(' dowllrig!lt
1I11I'ri"lId",
I So \"hat ,uh-ic(' \\'()\}Id \"()1I liS . ',)
D (:('rtaill", th(' I)('st thil'l\.'; I'"l ('all do is to
stalld I"i('k alld list"II, ,\ 1;'1'" re('ordillg is
pro"a"" OIl(' 01' III(' "cst \\;"S 10 1I111!erstalld
\om "'I'll lerl,al stll,',
3.0 page 35
Although it St'{'IIIS tiJ<y 111('11 "lIld \\"()JlWIl e;ro\\' lip
ill til<' S"U1H' \\'(lr!(L lIO\\' th{'\· IIS(' - ill
,Iil'kr,,"t wa\'s alld for diff,:rellt !""P""S -
lilah,s il St 'I'll I that tl)(' 1\1'() s"ws an' talking at
('ross-p"'llOses, For 1\'t)Ill"lI, talk is tI)(' glll(, tltat
holds r"latioll.Ships togl'lh"r: it er('alt's
cOIIII('etillns 1)('1\"",," 1'('01'1(' alld a S('IIS(' 01'
COllllllllllit\·.
For l11('n, :,cti\'iti('s Itold n'lationships togl'lhlT:
talk is IIseel to nel!;oliat(' th"ir position in a gronp
and pn'St'IY(' ind('pelld"n('e, \\'ith allth"se
di\'lTgeJlt cOJlccrns \\'()Jl1('11 alld JllCI) t:Vically
talk dilferenth \\'h(,11 the\ are tn'illg to aehie\e
t],e "'"11' ('nd,\lId tlt"1 ottr-n \\'alk aw.r, Irom
the COlli "rsation "Ileard' "'1'\ dili(T('1I1
int.-r.u-tion-;
Conside-r I],,,se t\\(1 t\vi"al ""lIl1pl,'s or
cou [usiun:
-\ wrnuun who O\\III'd a "aLt' sll0l' asked Il('r
male- llJ,lllaL!;(']" to do SOIlIt'tllillg, alld 1)(' a,v;n'('d to
do i!. Da\'s late-r it h.u lu: 111"'11 dill 1(', I!l'n''s
\\hat th,: wom.m said: 'TIl(' "ook-keeper Il('eds
11('11' wit]: till' illloi"illg, \\'Ilal do lOll think allllllt
}It'lpill,L; 1)('1'
'I'll(' ""1I1 had said, '()!-.:', I" \\1,i,,11 II(' mraut.
'O!-.:, \'11 think a"'"lt 11('11'II',g lur 0111: II" 1,,"1
tilollglil al xrut it .u«] de('id,·d Illat II(' «ouldu:
spare til(' lilli", 'I'll(' owne-r w"s ups.-t: sll(' \('11
sll("d, wr-ll, gi"'11 hiu: sl)('";[i,, inst nnlioux. Bill
\\-1l<lt lit' llad Iward \\'as a OIl(' II('
Ihollgl,l Ill' \\as I'ree 10 ]'('j",,!.
Ld's taLt' .mot lur case, ,\ "'011"111 ;1S1,,'d Il('r
a,h"t SOli, \\ho lil('d \\1111 11('r. Il,r 11('11' ",itl,
,'SI)('II,ses a\ter II(' IH'gall 10 work 1'1"1-11111(',
\\(,,'ks !alt'r Ill' \\as adillg as il' 111('1 1",,111'1
spok"11 al HlIlt it,
'I'll(' \\-0111,111 llad askt'd llt'l" SO]I jc)r n'lll 111(1)('\
Ilk" Illis: "I II,ill" it \\0111.1 1)(' rail' Ii,r lOll 10 pal'
n'lIt ]]()\\'.' lit, H'plit'(L -rIll I(';l\'illg SOOll all:'\\'a:'.'
Tllt' \\'Oliiall \\'alk('t! ;l\\-a\, rnllli lIlt' {'(1I1\'('rsati()11
1i·,·lill\.'; \.';re,,11I n,li,·,,'d,'1\1I1 as lillll' l'asSl'd ,,1111
IHl r(,llt app('art'd. Iwr all,ger l'rllpt('d. III tIl('
('IISllillg (\llarn,1 it t'llltTg('d {ilat Il('r SOIl Ilad
Iward 1]('1' stalt'1I1('llt as all ()pilliUII, lllli a r('qllesl
lill' relli. 11,,1,,"/ "alked a\\al l'nllllllll'Ir illitlal
('t)JIH'J'.satiull f't't'lillg tllat III('· i<!('il oj' Ilis pa:'illg
1'1'111 Ilad 1)(,"11 raised Illil 11111 sl'illed,
J{l'sl'arcll h: ps:'duJ]()gists. SOCill!()gists alld
illltl1l"opologists slul\\s Illat Ollt' or till' IIlosl
strikill.e; dir!lTt'I)('('S !)('t\\-I'('11 1.!;irls" ;ltltl IHl\<
sll I"s is 110\\ 1111'1 ask m diwd oll)('rsto dll
\\-Lal t!H': \\-all!. ':\t all art' IlUln' likel:
10 pllr<IS(' tlwir pn,jc'l"I'llt'('S ;IS
appearillg to (ltlll'r,"\ opliollS ill
to d(). \\'llilt' ho:-s tt'lld to (',wll otlll'r
('t)llllll<lll(ls.
3.2 page 36
So, gi\"11 tlil'SI' dill''!'''III'I'S, 110\\ sl,ollid IIIl' "a"e
sllop O\\'ll('r ,e;i\(' Ord(TS to llialt, ('I"plo:'('('sr silt'
pro"""" \\'"lldld reel ,'ollili,rla"I" S;ll'illg, 'I !<-II'
till' "ook-k""I",!, \\ill, till' i\l\oicillg todal: i\
p()s,,\ihl(, s()lllti()11 1)(' to fjllt! a ('()lllpnJlllis{'
l)('t\\''I'1I Ill'r illdinTt stile allllllll' ilion' din'd
sl\I,' tI,a!'.s IIvieal 01'111;'11, sill' Illiglil sal, "Sally
1I",'ds Ill'lp \\itll till' i\l\oi,.ing, I'd lik,' 101110
1lt'lp 1]('1' Ollt {oela: Is tllt'rt, all: ]"(',ISOII :011

TIll' 'I'd like lOll Ill' silollid sat ish Ill'r St'II.SI' or
polit{'llt,,,\s. ,U'ltl sll('\ statillg tl](' 1"t'aSoli j()\·Il('r
n'qll('st. slw's als() gi\'ill,\.!; llilll all ()pportullity to
('\pn's"\ llis rt'aSOll !(II"lIot (,(llllpl:-illg. if'tll('J'(' is
a\l\, But. still iI's "lear tllal slll''s il'llillg Ililll wl,at
to do,
\lIthorit\ n,latiolls arc al'so illiporl;llit ill IIIl'
eOIl\('rsatioll "etl\(" '11 till' II,Oti Il'r alld Ill'r adllit
SOli, The IIloti Il'r Ii·lt tI,al as IIIl' par,.1I1 alld till'
o\\'lll'r ol'tlll' IIIJllS", all sill' 1",,1 to do wa,s Illah'
11('1' \\'isill's LIIO\\lI alld Ill'r SOli wOllld
cliltOIl);)ti,."lh li'l'l ol,lig('d 10 110110111' tlll'llI, Bill il'
sill' kll('\\ til:,t IIIl'II oft.'l1 !llilll'sl!'1 Illisilllt'rprl'i
indir('ct re'fllests, sll(' IIligll(\'" tried to "1111 till'
COll\rrsatioll witll 1I('r SOIl h\ s{'('kill,g a
l'Ollllllitmt'Jlt to ad. SIl(' 1l1a·\· ]]()t"H' 1)('('11
88
'.111011"" .11"11 Sl .I,
lIl
'\\011" .I'''!J0III
.I,HI ,)II!!! ,)Ill "S,Hlp ,lqS \[')1[.\\
'I"I" \"1' \.I')\"\"I
dj.IIS,'ol'
"'ldlll1",' .lIl.1
'1"11',11''1
111 111'1
·'I.lID ""111 ','"I1'D O"I'L\ \"Itl
°1\1"'1
11
,UOIII ,U" "'HI '11I"IUl! I'"" Sl ,
1I11
p,l].)llpl[(),) \\,),\.[[IS\\,).1 ')1[1 (>} Drqp.I(),).)\" .r
'11".1 .u \'''111'"''
S:O'[I!'P [ll).\ d[.l1[\,llll·lSll1:,J. lID.\ JO.! pl:q
<.;,)11[1::0' ,Jll.L "1(!';'11()11l .uu ,)!lPl11
Sl:q ,Jlp I j,lSI!()1[
,
1I11
III ,HII Ill'\\ ,'"°1" ',1'''1' \1".1' \11""),,d,,)
',IIHlIl ,)\!) 01 clu .11'1 \"Id I """"1 1\'
"I'",,'!',,)\\ ,
1I11
DIIUIII' ,UOIII 1°1" Wid [ 1"'1
\l?ld,HII 1,)[ J.[[(),\\ uuuu \111 S.llllq.lI([()S "lI').\\
".I,JlIl()111 S!'1 \q p.l.IOptIOIII
\11-'1.11' Sl DIII\"ld 'I'""d, ,
1I1
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}llllt)!lll? ,Jll.L "llo.\\,llll()!i S!1[ ,lj,J!dlll(),) 'it:,!
,
1I1
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'\1'lelll",) I ,',HI.!'HI
pl:p Jllll: [111]l1! \111 (l) ,j\l?l! I )llq ,llll!!
,HII 11"\"ltI 01 "'1
111',1
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i
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,HIl "'I'I I ,IS"",)'''I °1'""1"
1
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" 1111()1['[!! Ill?.]
,1I11111 I'IS ,\,1. ,1I11 OII",ellkll'\III""rtlU,)el Sl
,11()SIIIl,) 0l)ll'lll[!\ ,l1[l Ill,l\'l.ld
,JI\I 1I,I,\!7'i ,HI Sl,qS'DI[It()\.l0 S[[{)!![!lll
"'11'1 ·1l1"L'IIII., 1"d1lS '"11[11\\ \1lld" 01'
()l s'pln\\ ,HI ?;'11!1[1 )S.l!j 'll[l ·[()()(I·h IlJ(l.q ,11[[(11[
'",IIj,U ,'.1001\ li"" l'I"-,lIl"\-11101,' 1I,1I1.\\ "
seIOLPIN=!N
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I ·SIHI,l!.q .[[l()\ [[() 11l)\ 'I')!!!\\
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.I,lll ,Hll!J ,llp 'S',lOP ')I[S 11,11[.\\
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'1111.1 ,U\,llil I'""
d['ll[\')l[l ,lS[11:,). 11()\ .t().! JlPq
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,lI[1111 ,1I1i 11l'\\ ,'"IlI" '.1'''1' \111.1 1 \11"").)d,,,
', lIl1 l1l ,)\!J III dllllll\"ld I ",)(1111 1\
'SIH!.)'I,),I.\\ ,liP011!.I[l[) ,)J(llll I(l[ P .\Pjt! I lllq
\"ld ,'"l PI 1."Il\\ 11111111 \111 "'"II,'"I11S '11".\\ a.\:
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\[I,)UI'" DIII\"ld 'I"I,)(I, ,1I1 ,'"l1j,l"
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:S,)II,! ,IS,lIll DIIIlI" 1',1I1t1,U
::;.:..(: O,l[l!.\ .to.l ?l1[!.\nI ll,l.1
\,HIl \\olJ ·\[lS.l!J :S\I()!lS,lllh ,1,1.[11l S.l,lls:l!llllO\
,).\\ S,lI[[lGj (),lP!·\ llll ,\,l\.[IIS .III{) [I) J
6-, 'J8M8IAJGjUI=1
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;d')lS ,1.\!SS,Uj)(l.q,U\I,HII, Uj\,)
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11011'
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"'lll"1.l
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- lIO!lPJ')POUI [(oqs,)[]}J p lSlIj"
'.11 '11"1111" '" 1''''1 '" '.1
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i"
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ud.l,JjlllSlllI
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11I.1IIlP.lll?i,).I\,lI\.L i""l1)','"], 1"llllS.I,lcI 1ll,",U
11.1111,\1111111 '",lS 1I1l\ '" ')I'I"O,!} ,1I1l '11·)\\ '!V S
C,',lIll'.\.lO '\'1<10s!'I"ltI l",u?i '"1111" III
,UIID)) \'''11°1' ,)J,lI\.\\ C.
I,'"1
jll'''I'' 11"1'\\ \"IV a
'1".1""')' 1lIS \1'''"' HJ\')
ST.\\ pill!
')Ido,"l Ilj W'I') 01.)11111 ,1I1111S ",11.\1'
S.lI,)llIO.\\ P'!" "- 11,)( II 11,), HI,)s!!J[o,IlIIIIO,)
II Iil'\\ "1·\1' ,1,
lIl\.lII)('"1
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1I1'
'11'),\\ S
c,jl 11I1l'l" 01' ,111' 1"1' Jl'11.\\ c,oS a
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1I1'
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lIl
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o
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'SS,Hl!SlItj 0l II,\\OP
lq:O!,1 PD' .l().l ,Hllq Oil ',\\{)[I:'-l [10.\
:lIl P')llo.\\ P:1'lS S').)!J.j() lilt.! II,JlI[ 1I,),)S P..HIS
'" ""\!.I0 ,liP 1111.1 011"'I"""1' ,Ill' Will 01' 01
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1I
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t: ,Jo ,IS!?,) ,)110 .I{) '111!11l [[P,) I 'S,l,\ ... ,1:11 S
II! ll'II!l[l.Jo IHI!'[ ,),)S
ll()'\ ,U,lIl,\\ ,)')lIlqSII! ,1l11 It 0. \
1'1"'1.) c."'ldllll",' ,1),1.1.1II1'.) \11" ,u.
lI
ll ",II' 111\1 (I
id II 7'ill .I{) J[()!Id() ,)111
IIlII 11101111 ,
1I1S
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II'
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[,)[uo.v, .r.u11°
I[P,\\ Sllo.\\ {)!j\\ WII·\\ pll\-,' (I
'11"1
jllll{)IIlP ,11[1IL\\(lP ,H[OI
11,1.\,1 'll'llql,lS 'I.I{)\\ 1I!
.1° 1'"1'1 "'p .I"l ,',IIS"I' .1,111 ,'P'.I"I'01l1
I" ).Ill' i)l jl[(11 11'"1' \\'''1 "l ,'\1"1\'''" 1'"1'
11,'"1 1111\\ ''1-"'\\ '"1\\ 11111111'.\\" IIIlp 'IIIIIP I S
p.lI )!"l [[[
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[I! slln\\ ()q,\\ O}
"'ltllIlI",' ,11'.1 ','\10 IH'\ 1'1"°.\\ ,)')1\1'" 1"'1\\ 'os (I
. \IPl.lI,)!).i" 1'"11
\11".1",',),)11, ",II11SII'I ,1I,"p l,llll'"0,) 01 11I,1Ip
.I"l "1111"1)([ }I S"'I"III WII\\ '.PIIIl :,I'''P''?iol
7'illlli()·\\ .10.1 ,JIll ')[l!.\o.HI "ls()(ldIlS
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'DIIII II 1"')(1" ll"l 11
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"111'/' ,u" "Ido,"! '1'1)1.1\1 1""11 'IDliollll\
s'n 'Jlll?IHIIIIIl ?'ill!I\lO[[ '(Ill '(lll 'Ol[ '0:'\ S
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".I"./.J11' "'1\1' 'II.)1I10\\ I"II' '.1I,1I11 Wlp .\11.\\
.I'''I1'"I\ ""1) II".1° '"IlIJl',JlltlllI ,liP 'I?iIlO,1I1l
JIIDII0'l1 \ll"'1.I j,II,'\"IIIII'.\ "',lS 110.\ jill! S
81180=a 'uesns=s
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01111111 'l,),llls.) ,lll' Jl''I,\\ jll')(I" jl,JlltI", IlSl" '.11
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" "1\.1. ,C,·lII],·''I') II ).1,)(1\.) I "",) "'''1,\\, '1")'1'"
'),'.1'101111 ,111' 11111 " \1'I"II'I\ 110.'"1 .IllI\I''''l.I
'lIlh'lIp II ,)\1'11, "''111.1''1',11, "" 0I1L\1D "I'I").Io.lllIll,)
Tapescripts • Module 3A
Krill 1I0t all th.u L,>(>II Oil pLl\illL'; with it
lW(':llls(' I think SOIll{' of' tIH' galliC's arc
horil,L';' Th,>\'I'(> al] ahollt fightillL';, and alter a
while it's eas\ to pla\ thelll and L';l't a high
score, 1011" \\'allted a "illtelldo 'calise I kit
len out SO;Il,·tiIlIl'S I'd rather jllst he with
Ill' I'riellds,
p to a hook hv F Provr-u:«:
called '"idco Kul». \-i<!t'() ('IH'ol1ra,l.!;c
xcxixm, \-j()I('lllT ,L!)(! r.icixtu ill c1Jildrcll.
TI,irll"'IH","'-old .Iaspal BI,aUi dis"gl'("'s,
.J I d01l'1 t hinl, tI,al's right. TI,,·,'rc jllSt L';'"I1"S,
tlu-vn- ,'\('ilillg, I dOll't thiuk unvou. Iwli,'\"s
Ill:d tl,,·\ .m 11'1'" 10 lik-. I lil«: pla\illg tlll'llI
1"'(""1'" 11,,·\'1'(' IWUer 111:1I1 \\alchillg telk.
P :\idHdas Scott, {'!t'\'('IL (l\\IIS a S('ga
l rriv«. \\I'id, III' I,ollgl,l lor l,illL,,·\I',
Ni I pia:' Ill." Sl',ga lxtuu«: I get hon'd at houu-
alld I like to ('IIl<'rlaill 111\,,·11'. I'd like to pla\
mor.- dllrill,g til(' \\{Tk hilt 111." nium cOlllrols
IIII' lill'" I "all pla\, sill' dO"SIl'1 rcal" lik,·
Ill:' St'ga 111<l(']liIH'. SIH' Iiall's til{' IIOis(' it
llla]...:t's.
P "icllolas adlilits t\,;d pla\illg IIII' L';all"'s
S()11Idill]('S distracts llilll l'nllil Ilis
Ilottlt '\\'ork.
Ni S()1l]('til1I('S I ('OIIH' 11()11H' alld start pla:'iJlg.
I('a\(' 111\ III,II11'\\ork t(lO lat,· alld tlll'll I
dOIl't /tTllikt· d()ilH!; it. SOllH' ol"tlll'e;allWS
silO\\' \'011 \j()l( 'lit 1110\'( 'S \\'llicll \'()II call
pl'al'lise Oil \Ollr I'ri"lIds, I dOli I lilld 111\ sell'
l)('c()tllillg hilt S()]ll(' or Ill:' rri('I)(\s
do, TI,,'\ slarl ligl,lillg al"ltlll'\ Illillk tli,·\',.,·
ill tilt, \'id('() I dOll't 0\\'11 all\' aggn'ssi\'('
,i2;alll('Slik(' lilat hilt I SOIIlt'tillWS 1;()!TCl\\
tlll'lIl.
3.1 page 42
I I)() \'011 O\\ll all\ Clr til(' /(lll()\\'ill\.(J Tick all\
\\'I'iell apl,h,
,) 110\\ 01'1"11 ill III(' past ,sis """ltll's 1,,1\(' lOll
tllrlH'd d()\\'11 a social ('IH,!;ai2;('llH'llt I)('calls{' it
ela,slll'd \\ill, a Ll\lIl1ril<' l<'I"lisi'"1
prograllllllt':.J
:l 11',,," ('Oil'" aerm,s all (·I,·l'Iri('al sllo[' lIitl, T\'
s('ls s\\'itc!lt'd OIl ill tIlt' \\'indo\\'. \\'Ilat do \'()Il
d():J
\\'1"'1 do 'Oil Il'ilik ahollt lat" lIiglil
(,(Ilwat i()Jlal 1)1'( ,s:.J
,j \\'oliid \'"1 gi,,· 11[' \\al('I,illg T\' li,r III(' I'I'st
ol'\IIII1'lil',· li,r [\OO,OOII',J
(i \\'i,al do \'"1 do iI'''"I1'I<'le\isioll sl'l "(,;LSI'S to
hllldi(lll',J
";' \\'hid, ol'tlll'S<' ,lal<'III"lIls do \011 idelltil,
Illosl
S \\'1",1 do \011 (""11111011" do \\itll '"'" ('\" Oil
III(' 1<·!<·\isioll',J Tick all\ \\I,i('l, a[,l'h,
Exam practice page 42
YOII jllS( \\oll!(hd lH'h('\'(' !Hl\\ lltally:'ol1llg
["'01'1(· ('0111" to III(' \\itl, Ilcarilig prohlelllS,
\'{'IY oneil it's to do \\'ith \UlllllH'
('oll'trol - \'011 S{'{' tl}('\, \\"aIL aroulld
('\er\,\\'IlI're \\itll till'se ]lI'adpl"",,,s, t'YillL'; til
slll,t tli'·IIIS,·h,·s olT I'rolll tlic rcsl III't]1('
wor]d
'
TI,,','I'(' jllst askillg /(,r troll hi,· rca]h ill
latn lil(ol It "'"I do 1110"" dalllagc thall IOlld
disco lllusic!
:2 \\'" (lrder IllaSSCS of thcse (.,,'1'\ \\rci<. Thc
kids get tll('ir l'"ck('t 1l101l('\ ,,,;d thell h("ld 1,)1'
til(' store, \Iilld ""I, th",',.,· Ilot 11('\\,1 Thc,'rc
134
all sC(,OI1(I-I","d - .uid dirt cheap', so th" kids
clld lip s\\'appillg the-m witl: their Iric-nds.
\\'11:' spr-nd monc-v going out to see sOllletbiug
\\hcll a /(.\\, 1I1111lths late-r vou call see it ill
vour 0\\'11 Iivinu room i.UI\" time- \THI like at the
i)]'ess of a hutton:' ' ,
:j The kids arc- al1111mic Ltllati('s, Hut whe-n this
1"'\\' digital thillg first presellted itself \\'e
wrr« all a hit sceptical ill the staff room at
first. Didut real" he]ie\,' \011 ('ollld I'('('I'("'!I'
the SI>I1l1d 01' a 1'1;11 orel"'sl'ra ill a muxi«
roo II I ' , , .u«! with one- Slllall round ohjed'
But 111"'11 \\'{' Il('ard tl«- rr-produrtion <n'
\\('I'{' ahslllll!l''' ,,,"a/.,·,1. \\(' illllll,·dia!l'h got
rid of our ('ass;·tl<' pla\ers and I'IIsll('d 'lilt to
"'I"ip (IIlrsehcs wit l: t]1I' latcst ill Slllll1l1
t,'('IIIIO]O"" ,
-+ \\',·11. I sc,· a ]ot of prohi,· III L'"lili,·s ill 111\
lin.: nlwor], alld 01'" (,['tll(' dil'fi('lIlti,'s \\,.
lIoti('" is t h.it t],,· e"lItre 01' Lunilv Ii/i· d''''Sld
e,ist without tl«: lx», TIl(' tl,illg:s 111'\''1'
s\\itl'llI'd olT alld till' \\]",1,· I'allli" sits glill'd to
till' t],illg, ,""1,,,,1,,,," l'I'a]" to ,.,1('],
()llH'!" all\' ll]{lJ"(', \:Cl!lO{h- ,-\1](\
\\,IIt'lI tll;'f{' is l'{)I1\'('rsat'i()l1 it's lIslI<llh- illl
ar!2;1111H'1It ahol1t \\'Ilo"s to \\'atl'll \\'Ilal
,) I starlt'd IIII' I,ahil last \ear \\']11'11 I \\'as
n'\'isill\2:. !lll" Itl\' first s{'(· (If('\<LItIS, \\'Ilat I
n'al" 1I,·(·d(·d '\\'as a littl,· hal'kgnllllld IIlmil',
lIotl,n,g tOil IlI'a\\, IIIlt th"11 I I'(·ali/.l'd that
t]\('I"(' \\'('rt' \\'ortll Oil
!()]', t(lO, I'd }l{'\rr 1)('('11 Oll(' /()J' soap OP('LL or
all\tl'illg ,·1,,· Oil till' 'IY, I(,r tI"'l IIlattn, hili
it's dif'/l'r(,llt \\'itll IlO \'isl1al \\,Il('ll
:'()ll\t' got to til(' alld
c!,aral'lt'rs \ollr,,·II', I \l'IIlIldllt 1)(' \\il]""lt it
t}( l\\'!
3 SPEAKING
3.0 page 45
\1111110\\ 10 II'is Satlll'lla, Os I'rol(rallllll('s, TIll'
filial hisluril'al l'('('OllStl'll('tioll olT,'n·d ill \\111/1
if. J is Oil Hadio -+ Oil Satlll'lla\ at -+ 1',111, ,,,"l is
11I1I1"('sli'"lah" till' IIlost c!'illillL'; 01' till' snies,
\lilitan I'istoriall La\\T('II('(' Frl'l·dlll<1I1 alld llis
Hllssiall (,OIl1llt'rpart\lItoll SlIirkm It'll c!lail'l "'" I
(:I,rist0l'her-\lIdn'\\ \\'hat tI,,·\ tllillk \\'ollid 1",,(·
Ilapl"'lll'd I",d t]1(' I q(i:2(:lIhall lIIissile ('risis
t,,(·It'I'(·d m.l'r til(' (·rlg,·, 1']lI'ir al'o""hl'til' \ isioll
\\'Oilid I,a\(' 1""'11 LuIlI('llI'd had tl,,· l'S al'tlla]h
""ni,·d Ollt its tlm·al 10 hOlllh till' ,Smil'l IIlissi'I,·
silt·s, TIl(' 1II0St alarlllillg disc!oslll'(, is that t]1I'
Sm'il't Illlc!ear ('al'ahilit\ \\as adlla]" ",r grealt'r
thall \\"lShillgtOIl calelllalt'd alld that th,·
SIl]lS",!II"lIt rl'taliatioll real" ('oll]d ]I<'\{' 1"'('11
"Ital.
[l1l1l1edia((''' a!'tl'r this progralllllll', at W,
\Iartill \\'aill\\Tighfs IIl1l'i\'alll'l] ahilit\
4.1 page 46
The :21 st ('ClltlllY is hardh ]ig],t \,>ars a\\'a\, IIa\1'
\ 011 tholli!;ht \\,h('re \011 \\"ill Ill' (:('!c']natillg th"
11I'\\' 1I1illellilllll',' \\i'th a sizl'ahle I'ash ]1l111P SlIlIl.
]Ll\ahle ill thc \I'ar :2010, to spl'lld as \Oll choosl',
tlwre's 110 "art Id\ I'(-asou \\11\ \'011 slrouklnt he
, , ,
('I'lehrating ill stvlr-. I,o\\'·\',·r '"ld wlu-n-vr-r VOII
lib·, ,\II \(11, ],as;' to do is inve-st SOIlIl' ol'so,',r
si.lyine;s iu our \-('IY .
And juxt ]ook at till'''' mll"lerl'lI] olkrs: wl)(,11
\(111 app" lor a 'I"otatioll, voull n-cr-iv«,
('Olllp]"lI''' fre,' alld with ur ol>ligatioll
\\'hats()('\'{'1". a traq'! .il.uu: dock: 011l'(' vou start
:'OlJl" plan a freT tt']('jlI]{)J1(' illIS\\'('ril1g !'llacllillc
will l»: vour»: alld Iiuullv, ilvon sa\{' [:25 a
Itlollth.·\,(lll"11 gd fr('{' .urounuotlutiou
",r txvo 'at a l'oll'l 01\(1111' c!",i,',,' :\11 lOll ]"'" I"r
is iJ]"('akLlst alit! lIH'als,
('",I, E,('(//,,(o,. 1'1'1I111 ,Sill' ·\lliall("· is a with-
profih p1<111 wit]: l mill-iu <lIlt!
hOIlIl"'s dl'l"'lId('lIt Oil I'lItlll'(' pl'll[its, TIll' pl.m
also prmid,·s Iili' ('m,'I' alld lias ,"I1(IIl1ati('alh
cout rihut iou-, ",lliell \\'{' pnllllis(' ;vil1
]lI'lp k,·,'I' \011 alll'ad ,,[' inllut iou.
PllOll(' lIS 110\\ frt'l' ()r ('Ilarg(' -- OIl W',;{)()
('\t('llsioJ] :'):'),) t(l "1('(' !]{l\\' si/',('ahl(' \'0111" ('<lsII Silill
l'ollld 1)(' I ,ilH'S art' ClP('11 \\('(']":da:s I'nllll q a,lIl.
to ,,, p,lIl.
(JII('" ,"'('('pl"'\. \\,·11 selld \011 1'1111 dl'lails 01'1111'
plall,
2.1 page 51
TIlt' slIhj('t't ()r 0111 nllllld-t!I('-('(lastliIH' s('ri(,s or
S111111llt'r pnlgrallll1H'S tOlligl1l i,s (flat "j<'\\,('! ol"tlH'
sOlltl1 (,OilSt'. l-higlltOII. \\'('11. :011 Illil\' or 111;1\ IHlt
1)(' a\\al.e 01' it. hilt Bngl,toll 'ill\elll<'d (1)('
S('<lsi{l( ..
It l,apl"'I)('d ill 1-;"":,, \\111'11 a ("'I.taill Ill. Hid"'rd
Hlls",11 "'plailll'd, ill a 110\\ I'islorie alld
S(IIII(,\\,llat dldliollS plJhlicali(lll. tilt, ;ukal1tag('S
or "'a \\atl'l', TIll' d,wlm ,,,h iSI'lII,i,s pali'·III.s 11111
Oil" to illllll,,,,,,'II"'IIIS""('s ill IIII' ellilll wal<'r,
hllt' to drillk a pill! or it t() ('111"(' \ariOlls illl1t'ss{,s
t lut llligilt 1)(' I II It '111
\ \'il I, loda\ 's I,igl, 1'011111 i,", "Ollllt lilT II1<""
l){'ac!H's. II(' 11Ii,\2;llt 110\\ il(kist, 'takitlg till' \\'a!('l"s'
ill 111tld('ratiClll!
(.J""'·II \'il'lmia ('lIl1ldll't stalld Briglll'"1. TIll'
of so 111,111: !)('opl/' Illillillg J'(l!llld 1]('1' IltlllH',
IIII' ll",all'a\ili'>II.I"'rslI,,,I,·d IlI'r I" ,,·11
Ell rop('".s lliosl ('\ot il' St"l."id(' pal;l('t, ill I H:')() ,
Ilo\\'('\('r. BriglJt(lIl toda\' ITtllaills a 111agllt't to all
rr()111 aLlr \\,110 ,S{T tIl(' t(;\\'11 as (lilt' ,i2;n'al palal'('
or filII'
3.2 page 54
I he' JI("'II 111'1'(' Sill(",lm'akla.s1 '" (""""
.sp(Tialll to ,SI'I' it al] as II disappears '"1'1' tl,,·
e]il'l' It.s hl'lll'r 11"," a lillll, i.sld it',J ;\ real
t I,ri II
:') It's illlpossihlt' to \a\' \\'itll ,ltl\ al'l'llraC\
",actll ],ml IOIIL'; II,;' hllildillg IIi II 1'('llI'aill
It defies all ('Il,'.!;ill('('rillg odds - it
jllSt SI"'lIldll't II(' 1,,'1'" 110\\ 111I'1'(,"s illst 1'0
']ogic 1I('IIilld it at all, '
:; \\'("fl' llllllth, I(s jllst a \\'('\c rllll
thc place /(,r t]1I' last It'll \ears ,",,1 WI' jllst
dOld kl]{)\\ \\,1](']"(, \\'{' go frolll Iwrt' - \V(' just
dOll't k'Hl\\' \dut \ going 10 IJapp(,ll 1I0\\',
-+ Yes, \\C\(' 1"'('11 sellillg '])isastl'l' Sirikes' T-
.shirts at [H"SOcacll. I .sIlPP0S<' .sOli'" peopll'
('(mid cal] it a hit II "'I'C"I""'\ , Bllt il""I\,Olll'
had Ill'(,ll killed or injurc«! \H' wouldut haH'
don« it. It's hartlll('ss', ancl it's good ],usiucss
l
'5 1\(' still got all (11\ \\('ddiug photos Iroiu th«
I'l'('('pliou W(' had th('r(' a 1','\\' \H'cks ago-
oulv a I,'w \ards Iroiu wlu-n- th(' plac(' has just
- litrrnllv - Lill('u into th(' s('a' Luckv ch:)
1.1 page 58
Aud 10llighl \\(' Ila\(' tlu: LIl,'s( Ill'\\S I"l' \011
[roru til(" world 01' IIIIISi(', \11 ",trad I'roll'l
'l,il'('f()1"111S' - DO miuutr-x s()lIl\(lscap('s
(']('drollic uutxir: ill a 1l]()(!('rJl classical
atJllospll('r(', A\ aila"l(' Oil el) aud ('assdk h'01l1
a good 1l11ISic SIHlJlll{'ar
4.1 page 64
R=Reporter, C=Commissaire-principal Jean-
Claude Rolin
H ,\ ('aslll' ill rur.rl Fr'lll('l' \\as 11illIIl' 10 \11' alld
\Irs \'all ))(,Il 1)(,1",e;('IL a ol'g('('s(' ,U](!
IJ)()() I'"'gl'd Illasll'rpi('('l'S uuti! till' poli('('
hurst ill and ('\!H)s(·d til<' hi,g,g('sl .ut scandal
ill 20 \"('ars.
(:ollll;lissail'l'-prill('ipal -'l"lll-( :Lllld(' Holill lias
110 dOII],1 a"olll till' ililporlalll'(' ol'tlll' loot.
e Tlli,s is til(' "igg('sl al'l s('alllial ol'its 1\ Ill' I,",
al I('ast :2() \('ars, TIll' pidm('s 1101 ollh look
like originals, tllt':' kL\"{' ('{'rtificat('s or
tlllt!Wlllici(\'. !<'on.!;l'(!' or ('()llI"S('.
H Alld Illl\\ did \U'I ('011 II , 10 dis('()\n Illis
gi,galllic f'rall<! ()!wrati()lI·..J
e \\'('11, ('III, I'lll Illl art ('oll('dor Iliit 1\('
l('an]! IlIon' alHlll1 ill tIl{' last ft,\\
d'l\s Ihall I did ill all 111\ Iii,,' \\'lll'll I gl'l
p(,rl(lissioll, 1'lIpllI Oil all (,\lli"itioll lor 111('
pr('ss, 1'111l'l \(111 tak(' pllotos tlll'll. ,\I'ln til('
Irial. III(' pidm('s \\illlla\(' 10 Ill' d('str()\('d,
Sa(1. iSl1'1 il:
J
H Bllt \\llal il'II,,'\'d 1""'11 l'l'al:
J
\I'lut a],ollt
Ill('ir Illar""1 \allll' [\I('II'J
C \\'('11. IIll' (:('rlll'llIS Ila\(' sllgg('st,'d ;;()(l.()()()
IIlar"', 1,111 II"Ll's ollk a n'SlT\(' pri('(',
H So it (,(lliid \\('lIlla\(' 1ll'('11 ,
C '" a lot III'"'!'
H B(lt '" 110\\ did \011 ('Ollll' 10 dis('O\('r
C !Iii. \'('S, \\(,11 il al( I ll'g'l\ I \\'ith a l'atl'l'lli
sprillgtiltH' lOll!" of <;{'r111<l1l:'. YOll sct' .\lr \'all
Dell Bt'rg<'11 sfarkt! s('lIillg pailltings <l1l(1
('('rtili('all's 01' alltlll'lIti('il\ 10 gall('ri('s alld
<llldioIlIIOIIS('S ill lllajo!" (;('n;l,lIll'iti('s like
BOIIIl, (:()IOglll' <l1l(1 OIL 1'111 !lot allowed to
tl'11 \011 wllat Illad(' tlll'lll slispiciollS ],111 till'
(;,'rtllaIIS told liS 11ll' s('lll'r \\as Iisilig poslal
addr('ss('s ill Orl("l\ls, \\llidl is \\,11\ tll('
ill'lilin is haSt'd Ill'I'l', Th('r(' \\'('1'(' oth('\'
addr('ss('s ill Paris I'llt till'S(' \\('\',' jllst post-
hows wlll'r(' Ill' ('olild ('oll('d l<'ttl'rs or han'
II Il'II I I'llwan!<-d, ,\ 1(.\\ 1IIl1iiths ago till' \\'liol('
Illl.sill('ss \\(lIlid ha\l' lak(,ll ag('s 10 c!<-ar Ill',
hilt Ilt'\\' Ellrolw,1I1 {lO!iC(' co-operatioll lIlcant
Illal om C('rtll'lll d(,[('(,(i\l' \\'as a],I" to
op('rak willi lIS ill a 1,,\\ lioms alld \'all ])('11
Ikrg"11 was appn,Ill'lId('d In till' polic(' ill
(;(TIII<lII\,.
H !llId 110\; 11<1\(' till' lo('alp('opl(' takcll all this',J
C \\'('11. thc local people clidnt see lniu \'('I'\'
otton. II(, \\·as ocxusionullv spotted ridillg
throllgh thc countrvsid.- 011 liis hicH'le ,
hilt Ill' \\'as ol)\iOllSh much too hlls\ workillg
011 his forger's ... ('L OI} his assclJlhl:'
IiIlC
'
, , , alld 1\1)illg out certinc'ltcs 01'
autlu-uticitv'
R ("nd('r Fr('llch lu.v. tll(' m.rxiuuun S('ll(('Il('('
for f(lrgillg artwork» is olll:' live- :'ears in jail.
.u«l Ill' wont S('I'\(' morr- thun tlm'(' il Ill"s
\\('II-I)('lla\('d, So whil« tli('I'l' lIla\ Ill'
lnurdr.-ds 01' .uixiou« collcctor- t,;king alloth('r
look at till' IIlas!('rpi('('(' Oil tlu- 1l1alll('lpi('(',',
11ll' \\(lrst puuislnnr-ut \11' Yall 1)('11 B('rg('11
cOllld r(,l'('iH' could \)(' the ,gO\'('nHlr's
('\"'lltl",1 r('l'lISal or an r(''1n('st lor
lirushr-s. "amas and an ('aSt,11
4 LISTENING
1.0 page 66
\\'itllllill a dOII"t till' Ill'st Illillg ('\('1' im('lItl'd
\\'as tIl(' ('](Ttric irOl1. I n'IIH'lldWI" 111\
gralldlllotlHT SLUHlillg for \1()llrs \\'<trllling
irons ill till' lin' 11ll'1I lil'tillg till' I'l'd hot tllillgs
10 pr('ss Ill'r lill(,1l tahl('dotll.s
'
,J :\0 dllll"t alllllit it - till' ('1,,('(1';(' ligllt "Iilh, It
n'\oliitiolli/,('d om \\,1101(' ",iSt('IIl'(' I ,(,d till'
\\a\ to all sorts Ol'illq"-O\('IlIl'lltS ill 11ll' '1IIalil\
01' Iii, '.
,1 I \\"{lIt1d sa:- tIl(' Illa('lliIH'. I l]lt'all. )"\('
n'ad all alllllitgiris St'\\illg I" ('alldh,liglil alld
nJillillg tll('ir {':-{'sight johs tllat ('all 1)('
d()]l{' ill S(T()IHls \\-itll a llla('llili(',
I n'('koll 11ll' po('kl'l \\atdl \\as tll('gn'al<'st
thillg ('\('1' ill\('IIl<'d, Ikfillil<'''' II()\\ ('ollid
am!>o(" Ila\l' I ll'('1 I Oil tilll(, "l'i,l\'(' it \\(,11
ar;'j\rd'{lIl tIl(' S('('II«';
1.1 page 66
..\S :'011 lila:' or Illa\ IIOt kIIO\\', .Ios{VII S\\'all was
"Orll ill till' lIorth of Ellglalld ill 1,'>:2'>, 11(' 1('1\
sc!I()()1 at alld lH'gall as all appr{'lltic('
ill a c!H'1l1ist's sll()p lwl()n' Illo\'i!lg to
ill I ,'>Hi \\lll'r(' 11('joilll'd \I'hit,,'s, till' firtll of Ilis
I'lItlln' !>roth('r-ill-Ia\\', as a '1llalifi('d e11('lllist.
I'llolograplli(' platr-s \\'l'n' "Iso lI"Ulld'll'tm('d 11\
th(' COlllP,Ul\ alld S\\'lll SOOII d,'\('lop('d a ""('II
illl<'n'si ill th('s(', Tllis I(,d to his (h,\'(,lopllll'llt of
"prodlldioll proC('SS I,", dn photographic plal"s
alld ill ISh:', 11(' sllccl,('d('d ill pat('lltillg a
COlllllwl\'ial process for carboll printing,
III the sail\(' year, Ii(' got married to Frallc('s
\\'hitr-, Bllt shc ""IS to di(' sis \('ars Iatn. alld ill
1-'>71 hn sisl<'r I Iallllah !>('calll" Ilis \\'if,', lIe \\as
thc bth('r of S('\('ll childr('II,
\I('all\dlil(', S\Y,IlI'S \\'llrk 1ll00('d Oll to till' stu(h
of lig"t alld ('Iectricit\ alllL ],('I,m' a Lts('illalt'((
audi"llc(' of 7()() ill :\c\\castl(' in ],'>7!J, Ill'
d('lIlOnstratr-d his ill\'elltioll, till' first clectric
IlllllL
Th" S\\'au Electric Lalllp COillpall\ \\as !,mn('d
ill 1,<,S1. aud ill ],'>-'>:3 S\\'111joill('d \\'it!> Tholllas
Module 3C/D • Tapescripts
Edison. who«! o"taill('d till' P'Il<'ll( Ior a carhou
Iil.uuont Iall(]l, S\\all'S illlpro\('lIll'lltS 10 I<:disoll's
design pro\Td a Sl1('('('SS,
]1\ till' tiun- 11(' di"d ill S\\'lll Ilad I'('('('i\('d
m.ur, houours. illellldillg a kiliglilllllllli ill 1!J()4,
11(' \\'iIL Illl\\('\('L aha\s Ill' n'III"lllill'r('d as tlu-
uian who im('lll<'d tlll"lirst ('!'ri"i('lIt 11l('llllllll"r
tllrllillg (>]ectrical ('I}(T,g:- int o ligllt,
2.0 page 67
l l.rvr \-011 llotic('d 110\\ Ulall\' ('Oll\'('IJli()llal hook
pri/('S'l<'lId to ove-rlook till' Lillli of "ooks \011
(,lljO\ r('adillg \ullrs('lI'." \I'ollhhd it Ill'gr('at if
,juries Silllpl:- n'C()lllllH'IH!('{! tlu- Illosl
"lll<'rtaillillg n',,,1 of till' \('ar'," \\'('11. l ]u-
rI'IIIIII';II" c""i! /i('(/i!, 111'111'11 sl'ls Ollt 10 do
]lr<'ciSl'k that.
To g('( Oil till' sllmllisL a "ook lias to Ill'''
110\,('] \\-itll l"I'al pag('-Illrllillg qllalit:'
E\('II ilion' crll('ial" , till' \\Illl Sl,ll'('t IIIl'
wiuur-r art' not liur.u-, pro/('ssioll;d,s, hut
Illl'III!ll'rS of till' pulilir Ill'opl,' \\110 r('ad
,,\('lllSi\('k lor pl('"slln',
Lute-r tllis \rar \\r will .uuunnn:r: t lri-. \('ar\
pri/r-\\"illl)('r, III til(' uuuutinu, \\'11:' Ilot folio\\'
till' ('\alllpl,' of om p'llll'l allli r('ad all sis
sllllrtlisl"d till('s'" Oil tll(' progralllllll' toda\,
\\'(,'r(' ,g()illg to talk ahollt two of" tll('lll. TIH'
ot!)('rs "'ill app{'ar ill 11('\t \\-('('k's prograttlllH'
2.1 page 68
Firsl ,,1',,11. ,I ;;illllil" 1'11111 I" S"olt S(llilIL
tlwir \\'a:' tllr()ugll a Sllo\\'drin, I LlId, atld
lam" \litdl('lL 'liid Ikir I'l\\-lif,' l'ri"llli LOlL
StllI111l1(' IIp()11 til{' \\T('('klg(' of all air('raf't. III tilt'
('o"kpit is a d('ad pilot alld 1)(,llillli I'illl is a dlll'l,'1
('lllltailling (l\rr S·' Illillillll. Agailisl I LlIJ!,'.s
Ill'(ln illStilll'ls, tlll'\ ('l)(I('(ll't a 'l'll,Jprool' plall 10
k("'I' til(' Illlllll'\ Bill \\Ill'11 IIlistrlist s('ts il" till'
<jllil'l ILllil, d"St"'llds illto a spiral ,>I'I)('tra\al 'liid
IIIIl\'(I('r, Hol)('rt I !arris, \\110 "llm\s \\I"it il lak,'s
to \\-ill tIl(' (;o()<! I{('ad '-\\\'ilnL
dl's('ril)('s tIl{' I)()(J" as a \\'(1I1 ld'arl' \('('ordillg
III Holll'rL it's 'llllllll'alitil'lifh \\,rilt('II',
,\lld III(' Ill'\( I,ook is Xi"I,! sill, II ()'<'!'!lIk" Us 1,\
Is:at(' Sallllllns, '
F01lr E<!\\-anliall s('llool,girl.s s\\rar a hlood \'()\\' of"
l'l(,rllalfri('lIdsllip, BilL as tlll'\ illlll)('('IIIh- sllan'
tlll'ir tln'atll.S oj" ]"(lIllall('(', I}(JllI' lIas \('{ /()rt'S('{'11
(II(' lIigl'lll,an' of till' (:r('at Il'ar, \\'lli('11 \\'illlllril
tlll'ir \\mld IIpsid(' dO\\IL Kil'l I girl "'p('ri('II('('S a
]()SS oj" ill1l0{'('11{,(', startill,g witl, .-\llrora a fil'f\
Irisll r('dlll'ad \\110 1)('('OIlIl'S a sldlrag('(l(',
f(JI' tIl(' ri,glJt (Jl'\\(lll}('11 to \-O{{', lll{'11
fillds lilT ('allillg as a lillI'S<' ill til(' tn'll('ll('s, BilL
ill tllis sau;a, a Iwa(k Itli\tllf/' or Iwroislll,
tLIg('ck alld 111l\'('St rail I('d passi'lll, \\'1II I \\'ill "r('ak
till' SOI"1I1l1 \0\\ first'" Tllis II()\l,1 is a trillillpil 01'
all froII ts I
3.1 page 68
Oil our prograllllll{' tllis alt('nll)(Jll \\'{' \\r!('olll('
Salll era\',
:\0\\, SalllllS('d to Ill' a tllP IlIal(' III()(I"1 hilt 1I0W,
\\'itb (h(' pllhbcati'lll of Ilis Ilm,,1 lie(), Ill'\ \\'(,11
Oil llis \\'a:" to ]){'('oltlillg a top \\Titer too, Alld, \V('
call aSSlln' \Oll. 11('\ ll]()j'(' tllall jllSt a kllHlsOIlI('
Licel '
135
Tapescripts •
Module 4A
3.2 page 69
1=lnterviewer, S=Sam
I '\1 ollh :27, tllis (:alllhrid"I' "radllal" has h"I'1I
to (1)(,'\"1" l)('i"llts 01'(1)('
proll'ssiol;, hut 110" Ilis si"hts aI''' St't Iirnrl.
(Ill a SlI('('('S,'.;/"II] can'tT as it llo\rlist.
11(,\ lIot ('\adh- xturtiui; Oil tlJ(' t:;nl1llHl Hour.
.-itlu-r. :\01 Illl··Salll tl)(' SIlSP""St' of s""di",,
ill an IllIS(J!icit('<! alld \\'aitillg
.mnIIIII 1,)1' rt'j"dioll. LC(), Ilis lirvt 111)\1,1 "as
sl1al'l",d "l' awav. [II additioll to tl,ar.,
]I("S llall<!.S(lIIH', ('I"lHlih' <llId klS ("lwrit'l){,{' oj
top aJ'(l111H! so it \\()old
I", l'aS\ 1(1)(' "II\iOIlS of Ilis III"k. Bill d,'spil,'
all his'((()(ld Sal11\ own is
slliall .uu! Ilis St,lf-d"iJr('"atioll is
('IH!('arill;r uu.l luunv.
\\·('(tlllH' to tll'(, stlldio,
S TI""lks, it's a 1,11'"sllrt' 10 1)(' iuvitr-r! ... .uul
11"",ks I,", tl"" "r"at iut ro. Bill [ \\as \\,,11.
111"1,,, lxuppo:« l wr-n! slrai"I,1 to 11)(' lop of
tIl(' tnT \\-idlOII! ('\('r d(lill!.2; all: or
III<' roll"11 johs, alllll)('rt, I alii II()\\ \\itll a
I,"hlisl)('d '110\(,1 al 11)(' first all"llipl.
'\1,,1 \\llal 11",,11' \011 'I"it tl)(' \\orld "I'
Ilj(Hlt']lill!.. (..J
S \\',,11. [ Slq'I'US" 11)(' rt'allrllill 01111<' 1I",lt"r is
11",1 \\itl, 111\ Ilair Ltllill" 0111 alld 111\ Ene;lisll-
(';l-s(ail]('<! 'I(Tlk \\-('n' rat]]('!
di('('\.
I So \\,llal'-.., \(1111" tlo\rl ahotll',J
S \\1,11, it's ,'all"d t-:C() alld [ 1'1 ,,,,tn I il as 111\
S;l\iOIII", it s;L\rd Ill(' f"rolll a p()ssihll' 1'111111'(' or
."1"1111')' paris alld d\\illlilill" 1"I's, alill il" all
1'\I'I"da\ slon "I' 1111 "1"lIill,, 1«1". TI)('ir Irials
,""I'trih"laliolls, IllI'ir "llS alill dO\\IIS, 1'1111101
til(' \\()dd - it \\as \('1-:
(fo()d l() IIH'. BilL \{lll kIHI\\, it'\;L Ilit ()r;l
p1'()fl'\\i(lll, SlilL \Olt 0111.' 1]('('(\ tll
\\'()Il (lll(' da\ ill [ , t() Il<l\t';l {,(llldtlrlahl(' lift,
sl\[,' ... '"l1i \olll"a\(,1111I' \\mld firsl "lass'
\lId \(III'n' still \\11\ "1'111<'1'1' al,,)\(' 11)(' I'I'sl
Ilrns \HH)I" I kl}()\\- :()It'n' (dTt() \ {'I'.'
Iligl'-I'()\\I'n'd 1'lIll1'lioll ill a litll,' \\llill' .. \lId I
111';11' \'011\'(' ('\('11 COIJl<lch ill tl](' \\'Ilit{,
.-\n' \Olt t!:oiltt!: I() Illake \\Ilat :'(Hl'!"{'
fro;tl tll('111 tIlt, \llhj('{'[ or \lllir I]('\t
IH)\'('r
J
S (:,u>'I ,,1\ al IIII' 1111'"11'"1. 1'111 ai'J'aid.
I \\",[1. [Id" as e;"il'l'ill" as \"llI' fi"sl, ['111
('Oll\iltc(,d dlat \(JII\(' a 1l<llldS(111H' ('anTI"
ill frlliit (Jf .'(),I.·Tlla,d, ."011 f()r Salli.
S '1'1"",,, \011.
3.3 page 69
The inappropriate word IS in italiCS
At 0111\- 27, lItis t!:L.ldlla{(', ]1<lS
"",,"10 IIII' \1'1'\ 11ie;1/\ of till' IIlm!l'lIill"
!H'(lli.'ssi(111.
,) Btlt ItO\\ llis .\i':!/IS are sd finlJ1: Oil ,l
SIIC('('SSl'ld can't']' a\ a ll()\'('lisl
:) fiC(), [lis firsl II()\"I \\as SlIijijwd "I' slrai,,111
a\\'a\',
-+ III addilioll 1011"'1, Ill''' l,alilIStIlIlI', l'rJldill'
alill "as "'I",ri"lIc,' "I' lop arollnd
tl](' urUIT .
.) Bllt al[ Ilis e;o"d li\ill", S,""" 11\\'11
1'''0 is 1I11'rl';flllh ",,,,11 and Ilis
is ("Ild('aritlg alld flltlll.'-.
136
() \\'1'11. I SllppOSt' tlu r"al truth oftlu muttr-r is
t h.it "'itb Ill\ bail' hllill" out and 111\ Elldisll-
t('a-strflil/('(i t('('th, thillgs \\,('IT looking rather
di",'\·.
- 1'111 ;1"1 kllockill" tln I1I0dl'IIi II" uort] - it
\\'as to nu-.
S ,\nd \,(111'1'1' still \\a\ np (hnl' a"II\I' (1)(' rc-xt
of liS poor
D .-\Ild I j]{'ar vnuvr- ('\'('11 t!:ot C(!II{UW!\ ill tll('
\\·llitl'IIIIII'I'.
III \\'1,11. if it's as "rippille; a.S \ our lir-,t. 1'111
('()Il\illl'('d .'-CHI\-(' a Ilallds(llll(' carrier ill
Iron: ur vuu.
4.0 page 69
P=Presenter, L=Listener
P Coot! ('\,(,Ilillt!: ladil's alld
\\'('1l'OIIl(' 10 .urot lur .-clitiou ()j' tt., l'oui): (:(
Tl«: l'n:«. ."iilll'(' our last our
n'sl',lrc]]('t"s lla\'(' I)('l'll nut <lIlei ulmut
qlwsti{lIlS S('1I1 ill h.' ."(}IL tlu
lisll'III'IS TIll' firsllillli"liI CIIIIII'S 1'0111 a Lul\
ill IIII' \lidlallds.
L lias Iln: C()[lrs(' ()r ('\TIIL... l'Y('r ])(T11 (']I,UIt!:(,d
si"lIific,ulth as a n'slill 01' a II'lll'r \\rilll'lI 10,
or pll"lislll'd I", a lIaliollal ]1I'\\sl'aI1l'l""
I) Peter HailHT J"('p()ri.s ,
4.1 page 70
R=Peter Rainer, A='Lady Allen'
I{ \\" did, illdl'('d. COliII' "I' \\illl all ,"IS\\I'I' 10
II,is 0111'. \ppan'"lh Oil -,"h IIII' 1:,111.
TI/(' Tillli'l pll"lislll'd a Il'ill'l' fnllil a cI'I'laill
Lalh .\111'11 01' [lml\\llod. Tllis 11'llI'l
d,'s:'rilll'd III<' "ollililiollS slIlf"n'" I" IlIal(\
c1lile1n'll \\!}{l \\{'J'(' ill local ;lIli!}(lrit.'
illstitllti(lll,d C<ln', llr \\'IHI \\('n' l()ok('d
ant'!' \)\ Y(lll111lalY \\'llicll \\('1'(', ;111<1 I
<jIICll<' 'repn's\i\(' . ()llt or datI'
alld 1I11\\'urtll\ (Jr {llll traditiollal ('an' uJ
cilildrt'll.'
S!]{' \\('Ilt Olt III sa\
A '\lall\ \\1", an' 01'1'1""11'11. dl'slillll" III'
1I1'"I<-I'iI'd n'" lolal" oil "Iaril\ 10 SlII'I'0r!
1111'111 alld an: d"sl'is('(ll" IIIIISI' Ilion'
forlllliall'lllallll)('IIIS""I'S.'
I{ sll<' lTili"is"d 1,,1\ill" slalf \\110 \\1 'IT
.-\ 'fill' III<' IIIIISI pari 1I\1'1,\\orb,d, 1I11111'1'paid alill
IllltrallH'(1. .
I{ sill' also crili"is"d tI)(' la"k I>!'
traillillt!: ;llld ad{'l/Ilat(' iIISIHTtioll alld
sllpen-i\ioll. sl](' ('lld(,d IIp h\ ('allill/2: jill' it
pll"lic l'IIlI"in.
,\ sln'alll of II'iI I'I'S 1«I11I\\(,d ill 111'1' SllpporL
III Lll'!, till' "ditor "f 'J'I/(' nlJII'S t\\ iCI' Iril'd to
"rille; IIII' COITI'spolldl'IIl'I' 10 all "lid. Till'
1I1111i1,,-r ofl"tll'rs tl)(' ]1l'''SI1<'I''']' 1,,"1
n'('l'i\rd \\'as tllan !tll' all.' ot!}('r iSSI]('
1'\1'1' d"alt \\itll ill (1)(' 'I"ll"rs' eO""1111 of till'
1}('\\Spapl'r.
Si, 1I101ltl" lall-r, Lalh\III'1I 11",,11,1)('1' caSt'
a"aill ill a pailiplill't \ih,,\(' 1(,\\
days altn its Jl""liea(iol, tl)(' call1paie;1I
attrad"d ilion' iiltl'resl IlI'eaml' of Ihl'
i'"l",'st illto thl' d"ath of 1:3-\"ar-old D,,"is
()':\eill. Dellis I",d died at ("e "',lids of till'
\'('IY !lUll \\'I]() \\'as SIlPPOS('<I t() 1)(' al'tint!: as
"is "falh"r' lIe had l",cl1 seilt I,,· his local
'lilthorit\ to li\l' \\ith a Lllilih on a n']ilol"
,llI'ep fan II ill till' eillnit"sidl' .md. alter tl«:
tra"I'11\. Ilis dealll \\as \\idl'h rt'port"d in till'
pr"ss.
,\11 this a"itatioll - Iare;I'h prolilptl'd "y that
first ktt.r - \"1' n'spolls;"II' 1(", till'
('stahlisllillg a C(lItlltlittc'(' ill
10 ill\"sti"all' III<' can' of "Iildrt'll
'd"pr;\"d olnonual hou« IiI'" wit]: tlu-ir own
faillili"s .u«! r"lati\I's.
It n'portl'd ill IHHi alld II,d din'l,th (0 1111'
IT,,alion rrf cilildrt'll's d"l,arlllll'lIls. TI)('St,
d"parl II" 'Ills, l'I'I'ta;lIh nulil tI,,'\ \\'I'iT tak,,"
O\Tr I.vl lu: 11('\\- so('i,d S('f\-j('l'S d('parfll)('nh
ill 11)7'1. ('llIllpl"ll'k Irallsfonll,'d for till'
1)('Ill'r III<' f<lc,, of (I!'ficial "llild "an' iu t his
crnn rl rv.
Exam practice page 70
P=Presenter, 8=BIII Brown
p \\""'(1)('1' its Frt 'II'" I, (;"I'II1'UI. "alia" or
Sp;lllisli 111at 11](' ('n'\\ .u«: 11]('
f(}rJtlllla is til(' salll('. )<'()I",e;('{ all.' illlag(' tllat
Illie;ll! nur.iin ol clas.snHllll t('('IIIJiqll('S, or
11(lllrs of\\'('ar: ]"('\H'liti(lIl, and e;1",lItllllar
II'anll lnuu hoob wit l: illiprohahl<' I'llraSt's.
111']"(' \,di(lll :\irlilll' (';llJill (T('''' arc karllillt;
tlwir 1]('\\ tIl(' \('1"." h(',st \\'<1.'
possihl", fnllil lill' ill Iifl,Ii!;I' sillialiolis.
'1'1](' (Tlltn' is h;t\(,t! (Ill (l('(l'lirillg a
liYille;, hn'alltille;. I LSI ,1'111 (Ira lallgllag(' ill
111(' IllOSt Ilatllral \\'a.' p()s.sild(', 11\, Il('al"illg il
alld llsill
tr
it ('\('1" (1;1\ ill SIIIT()lllldill,gS tklt
art' alld 1I'IId Illt'lll.s{'hrs
III ,111:'tllillt!: frOltl a 111(wk-IIP or all
ainTah "ahill III a lahll' ill a n,stalll',lIi1. [II III<'
pas I "al';11 slall \Ii 'n' 1101 pari i,,"lar" 1I01"d
f()r tlwit" lillgllisti(' 1<11('lI{\ Illil lllings Ila\I'
e!ritsti('alh. \'010111\- an' 111('1"(' 111Ill'('
\\:i1llill tIl(' ,lirlillt'
111all ('\('1" l)('r(IJ't" Illlt 111(' IlllllrlH'I"S an'
ill('t"{';ISill(!, \\(,(,k L\ \\('('!..:. lll<lllks t() 11]('
"l1lll1lSia,," (If 111l"lTI'\\S ;[1111 IIll' lall'lIl (If III<'
Irailll'rs
Bill Hrtl\\IL \\Ill) 111;lIlag('s tIll' LlIlgll;lgI' IlIlit,
is pr(lild (11'\\1"" I",s 1)(,1'11 '11'''"l1ll'lislll'd ill
till' si, \('ars Ill' I"IS 1)('1'11 ill IIIl' jol,.
H Olll' prill"lpal ol'j,'l'ii\(' is 10 ll';[,,11 Olll'
slHlrtllald ('rt'\\'S_ Illlt \\(' also II;t\(, I()llgll;ud
C]"('\\'S \\110 <lrt' all\ioll\ to illlpnl\'(' tlwir skills
alld \\(' fit 11]('111 ill as aIle! \\,11('11 \\'e ('all.
l,illlt!:lIag(' 1)(,(,(lIlll' S() popldal' illat
\\t' 11,1\(, I(J ()Ilr \\';1\' tlJrOllgl1 C'\'('r-
1('llt!:t1}{'llillg \\'aitill,g li\l.s. II(J\\'('\'('L jllsl
o('('<lsi()llalh \\'t' IJ<l\(' sp('('ific 11('('ds 10
illCn'aS(' 111'(, Illlllrl)('r of" sp('akers or a
particlIlar It's S()Il}{'tllillg \vC' take
\('I\' SITioIL.sh ;111t! a llll oftlloll,e;llI kl.S ,gill\('
illti, tI)(' h"st' \\a\ (If l"II((lIille; it. \VI'",I' ('(111(('
III' \\illl ;[ \\11]((1,',,'1'111 idl'a "all<'d "['aslt'rda\s.
TIII'St, art' ,',actk \\llat tlll'\ ,,1\: jllSt ada>
al((1 jllS( a lasl" i,l'\\llal ii's li!;I' 10 1)(' all
air1i;j{' lallgll<lt!:(' stlldellt. Tastl'nla."s an'
COlllplJlsllr.' f()r SOIIH' crt'\\'S Lilt tl)('.'\'('
aln'ad\ pro\(,d irn'sistihl,,1
P s(I,I"t's 1,,)\1' a "lmlT look at \\llal (1111' of
tlll'SI' da\s I'litaiis .
Module 48 • Tapescripts
is based on lnodng or statiC' postures and
stn-tclu-s. SOllll' of which are aduuttcdlv rather
complicated. But dout hl' put otfl» tl;ese
se('llIillgl\' complicau-d postm"s - c\'('n caS\
sittillg and killg postures uri- inunr-nsr-]v
1)(,lIdil'ial
'
2.1 page 72
A
\\',,11. \ll' \I,,'d thest'
Strcss!>lIstl'rs a little 11101'(' thorollghh - so \\'('\"
prodll""d a list of pros and "OII.S for \(1I1. First:
tlu- pros,
As Ell' as .u-rohic- l'",rcis(' is l'olll'el'llcd, th" pros
aI''' l'aS\ to id"lItil\-: it's ,'\tl"l'lIll'l\' easy to set "I'
.u«! \0;1'11 find that it r"all\ do"s htTP \Oll fit.
\\'it(1 th" A,I",alld"r Toclmiqur-. Oll('-lt;-olll'
scssiOllS ,\!;iH' :UII the challcc to lIt'aJ with :'ollr
p.utk-ul.ir individual pro!>I"IIIS, slll'h as I'Tliug
l]{'IYOl1S, or iusouuria. Yon sl10111d he!lefit ill
sl'H'ral dif!{'n'llt wuvs - actors and {(ll'
inst.uio-, lISt' it to il;lprOH' "oil'(' d(,]i\rry - alld
it's gl"l'at il'\'oll\" got a !>ad !>a"k or Slilkr fro III
pains ill :-(llir sllollldeLs.
I{"laxatioll tap"s l'(lIi1dlt'! 1)(' ,'asi,'I' to liS",
TIIl'\'rc' illStallth a\aila!>l" allli. or l'OIlI'S", lIot at
all (:xp('min,1 Y;lIl dOlt'! IIl'"d am sp,'('ial sort 01'
kit, jllst a tal''' I"l'l'ord,,!'. \lllil'h IIIOSt or liS 1,,1\('
all\-\\a,,!
\\'itll )'oga, :'011 call start at all:' and :-011
d(lIl'l ha\(' to do it \\'('11 to 1'",,1 til(' 1)('IIl'fits,
TIIl'I''''s 110 OIIl'-lIjllllamllip ill ('lass"s, alld all \(1I1
I]{'cd is loos('. slrt'tciJ\
B
\Ild llO\\', !(lr tlH' COIlS, ..\s \\'itll ('\ ('r:-thillg,
tlll'l"l"S, llll'l"l"s II,Sllall\ a dO\\'ILsid,"
Aerobic (,\t'l"{'is{' carries a rairl:- iJigll risk of
Illirting :'()IlLst'IL Ir:'oll'n' ()\"{'I" 2,"), or ha\"{' all:
!>a"k or joilll prohl,,"IS, filld a'l'lalifi"d
imtnll'lo!'. AI"1. altll<lIlgh tl,,' "\,,rt'is<' is IIsllalh
all (,\(",II,,"t halalll'(' I"l' "lIlotiollal or IIll'lItal
pl'''SSIll'''S, it's also a sll'''ss ill its<,1L II' \(111 I"l'alh
Il""d to slo\l dO\l'Il, tl,,' ('xtl'a l'!'I"l't IlIa\ IIlak"
\011 ll\('1'-tiwd, So, il'\("1 dOll't 1,'"llll'ttl'!', tl'\
Illon' gt'llt'lt,. '
l:IlI"l'tllllall'h'. \I'itll th" ,\I""llId('1' T"dllli'l""
th" illitial (lIltla\ is high - \01l'1I11"l'l1 a l'OIll'S" or
at I"ast 1O-1'51;'ssom, Bilt it's a lil"till"''s
ill\"{'StllH'llt - al'tcl\\"anls :-()l] '11 0111:' n'{l'lire OIH'
or h\"(l S('SSiOllS a yt'ar. ..\1so, it \\"(lId 1w\llltil
arollild tl,,' firth I"ssoll that \oll'III"'gill to 1('('1
!Jefter, so it's Ilot all illllllt'diat(' \\'a:" or lllllocking
t{'II."Ii(l!l,
Th" trollhl" \I'ith 1'"la,atioll tap"s is that it C<lll 1)('
dillicilit to \011I' falllih- to tak" \ Oil S<TiollSh
alld I"a\'{' \"(lIl :dOIl", Bor;'dolll eal; ('asih- sd il'l.
so it's oft':1l Ill'ttl'!' to, to filld SOllll', ,'r. ;lifl('I"l'llt
IIl1lSil' to e\cl'cise to, Alld, oh, ]", the \1,1\, \ Oil
shoilid Ill'\,{'1' 1lS<' a tape \dl('1l ,fri\illg' ' ,
YOIl ""'\' filld it difficilit to fit Yoga illto \011I'
daih lil';' patll'rtl, YOII, \011 IIl1lStfilld a l:IaSS, as
hooks alld \idcos are ollh lISel'lll as a hack-III" lI'
you're an (>L ('1'. perSOIl, Hlli llla\
filld it too (jllid alld ill\l',ml-Iooking,
4.0 page 74
3.0 page 73
YOII know whnt th,,\ ,,1\: il vou l'(lI11" !'a"" to El('e
with a '(ortl] ,\II"'l'i"al; inuuutaiu lion. dout rtlll
awav. Attack' Thl'\ .ur- as pm\'('rflll as jagllal's
and ha\'{' tl'dh as 10llg as \011I' littl« fillg"r hilt, il'
\'{1lI .ut.u-k them. th,'\ aI''' hasicalh- I"l'Sp('l'lI',d,
lloll-aggn'ssi\'{' croutu n 'S
TIll'\'I''' also highh p('I's('('IIll'd,- or Ila\,' 1)(,,,11.
For \"aI'S, tl"'\'\,, 1)('''11 shot at I" rall"lll'l's alld
hllntl'!'s, I,iOIl'llIllItl)('I'S1,,1\(' 1,,\',:II,'d olf 1"l'('('lltl"
hilt l'S stall' galll" ag,,"ci,'s still kllO\\ trro littl(' '
aliout tluiu - c{'rtaillh- not ('llOllt!;ll to ruxurr
tlu-ir survival ill tIll' E;c" of ("palldill,g 1IIIIIIail
uumlxrs.
If \'{1I1 'I"l , illll'I"l'St,'d, till' lI1<lSt dil'''l'l ",a\ 10 filld
out al iout till' lions. is to joill rnu: ol'tlll' 111<111\
"'p"ditio!lS orgalliz"d I" Fnrtlncatrh. Sil"'('
jQ72, r:(/rIII1UII(-!1 lias IH'('1l ol"galli/,illg .uul
supportillg scirut ilic t'\!wditiolls alld projects
wit]: tlH' ann of 'ililpro"ill,g IIIH!I']"sLu}(!illg or tIl('
pl.uu-t , till' di\(Tsil\ or its inhuliilaut«. al,,1 till'
prol'('S"'S tllat afl'"d ",llat tll<'\ "all 'tl", (Ilialil) 01'
Iii" Oil ('art "',
l'lld"l'sLII"lillg \lllat all('('ts tl,is '(I"alil\ 01 Iii,"
eall Ill' traIlSLtt(,d ililo tl)(' sllarp ('lid 01'''''0-
{(ll)rislIl - a logical step j(JI' tlll\-Ol}(' tin'd or
fallliliar itill('rarll's alHI packag(' deals stnlllg
In (,()lllllWl"cial tOllr {'O)llpalli{'s.
E(/rlll1c(/f('!/ is illl\'tilill,g 11Ilt a ('(1I1111l{'r('lal t{lIll"
(,olllpall\, It orga'lIiz,'s trips to till' Alhloll
\Jolliltaills, Fi\(, "'p,'ditiolls to tl", ,\Ihioll
\I<,,"]taills an' plalllll'd I'or t Ilis \( 'al' at a ('ost or
allllilt I ,:,00 dollars 1'('1' 1)('I'S<1I1. ",llidl "0\ "LS
/()od alld accollllll()<!alioll. :\{'{'ordillg to
1-:1/1'11111'1/11-1, till'S<' "n' 1"l',,1 "'Ill'''iti(lIlS 1I0t t'"II'S'
To.ioill till's(' ('\!H'diti(lIIS :-01111;1\(' to 1)(' a
11I('IIIIll'1' 01' I-:I/I'IIIII'III!'!' IIIIl t IIl'\ 1,,,,(, sp""I,,1
1I1l'11I1)(,l'sl,ip I'"t"s 1(,1' Lllllili,'.s, Y(lIl """ o"t"ill
fllrth('r illl{)J'ttlati(Jll 11\ \\Titillg to FflrllllulfdJ.
(;ood af!(Tl)(}(lIL Iadit's alld ;ltld
\\(,1"(1I11" to till' s(,,,I,," j.;1I0t S(wid\'s 1'''-
,,"al'llll('lIt or tl", fill,,1 ""ttl" 01' till' "i\il W"I'
1)('t\u'('l1 ri\'al gnlllps ill t1Jis COlllltl":'. 'I'll('
luttl{' took pla('(' ill tltis \'('1":' area :r")()
toda\, all" I(,d to till' l'"rli'"I1<'lItal'\ S\St('11I tllat
\I'" still II,,\(' 110\\ ,,,Ia\ S,
To"a\'.s 1"l'-('lIal'lllll'lIt oltlll' l'i\il '''II' ""ttl('
prull;ises to IH' (jIll' ()r til(' Iliggcst alld IlUlSt
spITtaclllar t'\{'IILs tIl(' Soci(,t.\' lIas ('\'('1" stag{'d,
"II", amllllli tl)(' "1"l'lIa, \(lIl'lIlill"" "llil"J'('II's
fllllfair. n.fn'Slltll('llt tllll.si{' atH!ltlll('ll
111(ln'
'1'1", 11I('IIII)('l's "I'tl)(' S,,('i,,!\, all ill 17tll ('('lItlll'\'
COStllllH'S, an' l'{J11Jillg 01lto 'til(' fi('ld at tllis \'('1':',
111{)1l1('llLif\"oJl (',lll Sl'{' tI 1('1 1I tll<'re. It's ('as\, to
illltl,\!;il}(\ JO('lkillt!; at tIl(' ('OStlllllt'S till' parti('ipallts
an' \\'('arillg, \\"Il,d til(' SC('III' Illigllf kl\'(' looked
like ,dl tll<,sl' \(,,,I'S ago,
YOII'lIprol"ll;" 1I0til'(' l'"tl)('I''' lot Ol'WO"I<'1I ill
the lille-llp - or l'OllrS(\ ill tIHl.S(' da:'s \\'0111('11
didn't fight hilt if a 1I1;1I1 \U']"{' to \var, it
\I (lIdd ]ll' \('1' dilfil'lIlt 1,,1' Ilis \Iii" t" IlIak" a
li,iIJg, so sh,.'woldd 1,,110\\ tl)(' soldi"l's ill tl",
hop" or makillg a li\'illg I'rolll 1)('1' Imsl""I<I's
pl1lllder alld wag(,s,
From \I,here I'IIl sL,,"lillg, it S<'('1I1S tI,at till'
l'rO\\'(] Oil 111\ I"ft al"l' a])(lIlt :20 d,'"p, 1'1"as" 1",,1
li",,' there ti, 1lI00l' dO\\'II to th" otlll'r ('lid "I' tl)('
() pS\chologists
I <lncient
,') IWllefil'ial
Y loose
10 st I'ctel1\
2.2 page 73
thera[)\'
:2 tcmpcramellt
:3 hlldgct
-l traIHl'lillizcrs
,'5 musclc
2.0 page 72
So, ir,'Oll'n' !{,('Iillg tellst', t1Jis Ill(lrllillg \\"!,'n'
do ahotlt it! a
tlll'l'ap\ tllat sllits \(1I11' t"",!"'l'alll'lt, lil','shl"
allllllll<lgl'l 1I",'ds ('al'"l'liI ,\hO\(, all.
stl'''SS l"l'Ii"l'slllllild 1)(' a tl'('at, so clloos<'
SOli l<'t iJillg YOll'll {'lljO:'!
First or all 'Il'ro!>il' ('wl'l'is<': its rolt' ill stl'''SS
1"l,li,,1' is to 1"l,I"as<' lIallll''''s tl'al'l"illiz"l's illto
\'Ollr SVStl'1l1 a !{'{'lillg or
\'(lIdl'pro!>ahh I'TI. sl,',,\, alld look I)('tk!'. YOII
shollid ailll I,ll' at I"ast 15 Illiolllt's or at'ro!>il'
('WI'l'i", tltn,,, tillll'S "al'll \\'('"k allli \OIdlllotil'''
all illlpI'O\'('IIIl'lIl ill h()\\ \'011 I(TI. sl,:('p alld look'
'\"xt. tht' AI"""IlI,,1' T"d IIIi,!,"', whiell is a
s:'st('1lI of :"()l1r hn'atllillg and
post 111''', YOldll"al'll how to Eill illto a lIatmal.
cas\, \va\, of It's {'\tn'1I1el:' IIseflll W!JCII
1I1l:lItal :lIlll pll\sical S\lIIptOills al"l' dos<'1\'
l'OIlIIl'd"d, S\'lllplolllS whil'h liel\t' tllis 1II,,"tal
alld physil'al illtl'l'd"p,,"dl'IIC" aI''', iiII' "xalllplc,
astllllla, stalllllH'rillg, insolllilia alld IH'adaclH's,
I{eh\atioll tap"s I,'ad \(1I1 thrclligh a series of
IllllScl(' reLl\illg alld hreathing C\(Tt'ises, Clinical
psyehologists oft,," prc's(']'iI)(' thes<' I"l' \'('IY
allxiollS patit'lIts, Thl'\' call ]", IIsl'd as Oft"l1 as
thl'c" tillll'S a da\' 1.,1' tht' first wt'ek. 1I0\\'e\cl'
allxiolls they al"l:, patit'llts fine! that the ('wr"iscs
rt'duce l'\'l'I'V,la\' str"ss,
And last hilt 1I0't least, that alll'icnt
disl'iphlle or lIIelltal alld ph\'sical ('",rei s" , which
1.1 page 71
1 111 this eountrv all\thillg Oil lour \I heels is still
all uutackkd i,rol;klll '- .u«! a political hot
potato! Too hot to handl.-' Tlu gO\'e]']]llwllt's
adlllittl'd it cant build ('Ilollgh roads to
a""olllllloe!at" all tl", vthicle-x !",opl" will
aC'lllir" ill tl", Iuturr- but has 110 idl'as II<'" to,
"I' "to, "I' , d"al with til<' siuuuiou. So
what's happ"l",d') As a nsult till' IlIIlIgl'l f()]'
hllilding II('W roads I"" quite: silllph 1"'''11
t rimuux] dowll. I me-an to sa:: - it's a que-stion
of ItO actiou - 110 solutions!
-) TIH' oulv \va\' to avoic] glohal "'<tnlling is lor
till' ridl' \I'Orid to s<'t all ""11111'1,, hv cllttillg
l'lSsil I'lIl,1 uxr: hv, \1,,11. I wouk] sa\ r"dllcillg
it I" at I"ast ,')Oi;" I )(-\(,Iop,'rs, d,,'siglllTS uud
pl.unu-r» clont displa\ IIIIIl'1 I IIl1d"rstalldillg or
tl", nature- or lh" prohl.-m. \Iadll' th,'\ dont
wan: to 1I11l1"rstalld
'
It wouklut tab, a gl"l'at
challge to slIg,t;{'st thaI. sa:', ('1"111, a 11('\\
hllddillg sll<lIddl", pill III' ollh il' it l'ollid
slu)\v its illlpad Oil tIl<' ('II\'irOllllwllt-
positi,'(' rall]('r I]('gati\"(,- (Jr('()llrs('. TIH'll
it \","ddlll' allow"d,
:, Th" ('II\irollll"'lltall'risls t"lls liS that 1IIIIIIall
sOl'id i"s, part i('1Ilal'h t hos" ill t I", so-"all, 'd
d"\"lop,,d \lorld, 11<1\,' IIl1d"l'\al'll'dtll<'
('11\ iroll 1I1l'lIt -jllSt 1I<lt appl'('('ial<'d it. il' \(1I1
lik", 1'11<'\\(' 1"lt IIlatl'l'ial "O!lSlIllIptioll
h('!()n' ('ll\irOlllllt'lllal illh'grit: ,llHI \\,(,'n'
rllllllillg Ollt or till]('! TIl<' tilll<'Sca]t' lel!' actioll
is ddil;it"h SIl<'I'tl'lIillg, TI"'I"l"s 110 dOllht
ahollt ill T\\,('II{\' Y{'ars ago ('ll\irOIIIlH'lltal
disasl<'l' was pl"l'«(i('[('d ill 100 \,'al's' tilll", I,ast
\'{'ar \\'{' \\'('n' ,e;i\('11 20 \rars togd (JIll" ad
"o,gdll('r! "
137
Tapescripts • Module 4C
fi"ld "h"r" tll('r" is Ill;LSS('S 01' spac" - ami voull
also gt'l a much I",tt"r vir-«: of th,' exciting
uuuroc-nv n-x.
Exam practice page 76
TOILI\' "" liud oursckcs rivht ill tilt' heart of thc
COlllltl'\ I"r a PCr!i>rtll;1I1C':]'" tilt, Scal"d Kllot
Battl" 1{"-"lIat'lIIl"lIt S()('i,'!\, [ust ill caS(' vouv«
ll"\,,r Il('ard 01' it th" S"al,,'-I \\'as \(";lldcd
ill lIlt, I9h()s, ill Wh," to I", ,'\ad, I" a
disti"""isllt'd soldicr alld milit.uv hist ori.m who
Ilad ",7rri,'d out ,,\t"llsi\'(' into tilt' ci\i1
w.u: its"lL Illd""d t lu- ol'j"d of tilt, Socic-tv wax
prolllotillg 1"ll>lil' illl<,rt'si in. .mcl 11('1Il,(, puhlic
sllpl"ll't lor rt'S('arell into. t] u- liixtorv of II", civi]
w.u ill this c-ouut rv.
Tilt, S,wit'l\ is I':mop','s largl'sl alld lliost
('\pt'rit'II('('d n'-('llal'tlll('llt s()('i(·t.", \\'jtb ove-r
:lJ)()() r-ul huxiaxti« 1I1t'lId,,'rs at its disposa\.
:\Itllollgll participallts art' all alll;lt"lIrs Itl ur: ,
ixuI a prCl!<'ssi()11al participallt
tll('lIl), tll('\ 11;l\" a \\('altl, of "\I)('ri"llc,' a'ltl art'
capal1l(' (ipllttill,'..!; (lll a wide of ('H'lltS.
:\ portioll of all \("'s is allocale'd to til(' So"it'l\Os
(:llarit\ FIIIII\. \\ l,i"l, is distril>lIt"d to dif'I''!'''1II
"I,ariti"s Oil all allllllal I>asis, Otll('r profits ,go
to\\ards til(' S,wi"t\ its"IL altlltlllgil participalits
art' 1I0t paid, as sllt'IL Total cllarital>l,'
C<l1llrilHltiollS an' Ij()\\' appr();lcllillg two Illillioll
1"IIIII,Ls, alld IlIall\ dil'\('n'lIt "I,ariti,'s 11;l\"
1>"IIt,lit,'d I'rolll tilt, Socit'l\'s a"l<\ iti,'s, So, if \011
!lTltlla( \Ollr ('\('11101' cll:lrilY lllight h(\IH'fit 'rrOll1
til(' al>ili!\ 01' III(' So"i"l\ to ,ira\\ larg" ,'!'o\\ds,
please lei (11('111 klll)\\' .'()llr n'qllirclllt'llls. 'I'Ll':
"Iailll 10 n'-"lIad III(' past Oil 1)('I""fol'tl)('
flltlln'. or 'I,,'illg 11)(' pasl ali\,' ill aid of tilt'
fllt"n,' as tllt,\ I"it iL alltl attrad til(' larg"
cro",ds wllo'll ,gllarall{{'{' tktt ."0111" ('\('Ilt is a
Sl]{'{'{'SS, I ,aq,!;l' c]"o\\'ds t110lT IIIOIH'." lell'
good C;lI<.Sl'S allli til<' So"i<'l\ \\illlw II<'PI" t"
alle'lld \0111' sp""ial "\('111. )"" ollk 1I<l\" to ask
'
1.1 page 76
Ld's c()lIsidlT Ii)r a 1l1()1ll<'llt fi\r ('Ss('lltial
ahiliti,'s:
a\\'areIH'SS (ll'('llll)ti()IlS,
" IlIatll<'IIlati"al al,ilil\,
,) \('rld skills.
tllillkillg ill tlln'(' diltll'llsi(lIlS,
,'j n'IIH'111IH'riIH,!; I(H'ati(lIls.
2.1 page 78
\\',,11. III<' allS\\,'r to '[III'stioll OIl<': IIlIlIiI",rs I alld
:j \\'('IT til{' Salll{',
III 11IIr le'sts -II "f\\'"I1I'11 alld fi-l'/c 01'1I1t'1I
scor"d COITI'l'lh,
'I'll<' p,'r!i'l'l SC'-JI'(' Illl' 'I'lI'Stioll tml ",as :20 alld
01lt ()f tllat scon' til{' /tll' \\'OllH'll \\'as }.')
alld fill' 1111'11, 1:2,
For 'I'"'stioll tim',,: tilt, \\Olllt'll h"at thc IllCIl
again witll ·-l.1 S."1I01l."1l1S pe]" \\urd as against :2.:2
fi,r til<' III<'IL :\,,\\ I dOld kllm\ hm\ th"sc r"sllits
Illigllt ('Olllpare \\'itll .''OlIr O\\'ll tests hilt
138
2.2 page 78
Stlltterillg afl,'l'ls Iour time-x as munv girls as
hovs.
\[;'ll urc- lx-tt.-r at thillkillg ill thre-e- di II I<'IlSiOIlS ,
\lell possess all ahilit\ to 'read other pcopl(,'s
hidd,," III0ti\'('s all(llll<'allillgs,
\\'Olllell are lx-tn-r at l'l'IIIt'llJi",rillg appar,,"th-
1111C0I1I}('decl itC'111S.
(;irls de\"lop a JarglT \ ocahul.uv.
Bms oft,," ],cgill sp('abllg rarli«:: th.ui girLs,
(;irls catch lip with hms whe-n tll<'\ ,,"tl'r
s, 'C(lI]( larv sc-hool.
3.1 page 78
\lell ('.\(',,1 at tl,illkillg ill tim.,. dinuusiuux. TI,i"
mavl«- clllc to anci.-nt ovolutionurv pn'ssl1rcs
reL·ltill,\..!; to hllntin,\.!;. whic-h
(lilt'sclf \\'hile pre.",
\\'OJll(,1l {'\cel at ]'('ll](,Il11){']"in\.!; t lu- lorut iou of
random itellls, perl laps reflcctillg (,\,()Illtioll<.ll:
pn'sslln' Oil \\"011\('11 who !t)]"a,\.!;cd lor tlH'ir /t)(Hl.
TIIOSC It)r It)()(lltlllst f('('all
cOlllpl,'.\ patt"l'Il.s I'JrIll<'d of appar,,"th
11I1COIII\{'dcd itc'ltlS,
4.0 page 79
S=Sally, M=Martin
\1 [111I1I;lII.S thillk tl,,,rt,'s 1I0thillg 1I10rt' lIatllraJ
tk," IlIal"s alld 1"IIta!"s ill IlIlItllal pmsllit 01'
til<' mg" to ]", frllithil alld 1lIlIltipk, Bllt
llatlln' has ilIon' tllaIl Oll(' ('\rn
SIH'ci('s lIas two S{'\TS. /t)r {'\altlpl('. \lId {'\rll
\\llI'lI it do,'s, Il<'itll<'r tll<'ir 1lt'1I<l\iom 11m
tll{'ir IH'('('ssarih- c(lIl/tlnll to hll111,-1l1
l,ahiLsl I \\"lIt alollg t;, talk to Salh J)a\i"s at
tIlt, (:t'lltral Zoo to [illtl Ollt IIIOrt' ahollt tilt,
hi/,ane }H'lla\-iollr or SOII}(' of tl}(' cn'atlln's
",Ito illitahit tlJ(' 1"",tIL
S \\',,11. <1111' of till' ilion' hizarn' caSl's illpoi"t
is til(' tl1rtle, :\Illollg 1I10,'.;t rt'ptil('s. lllalcs are
lit"rall\ iliad" ill tIll' skill,',
\1 ,\lId 1,;1\\ do,'s tltat "'"11"
S Er", tab' tIll' gl'lllh'l' <Ifa tmtl" hatcltlillg,
Irs d<'t('nllillcd IlOt 11\ chrolllOSOIll('S hilt \)\
tit" t"IIII)('ratllrl' at \\,Lich it \\as illcllhatr-d'
Eg,gs d('\rlo{J ill llCSts I()catc,d ill S1I1l1l." an'as,
wherc it's \\'anll alld toast.", gin' ris(' to
1"lllal('s,
'\1 S<I I'ggs lJ('stl"d ill slta,k pIaCI'S\\'ill \i"ld a
crop 01' 1IIal"s'
S E.\adk - alltl it ""1\ Iw fi\(, tI"gn','s
cool('r. \()\\', alloth'('r hizarr(' cas('
is till' \\I,iptailli/,ard, For S<lIlIC \aridi,'s of
till'S<' Itzards tlten,'s 1I<1 SIlCIt tltillg as a hattl,'
<Iftltc s"ws,
:\1 AIt. \'('s, I n'IIIl'IIII",r tit at OlJ(', ,\11 of tlll'III an'
t( '1II;I!,', ar,," 't
S ,-Iohsoilltck
'
Bllt il; a SOlIlI'\\'ltat IlIlILSllal
proc('ss, r'!J('\ prodIll'" "ggs tltat Itatclt
\\itlt<l"t CI'(,!, ],eillg I,:rtilizcd, YcL lll'callS<'
tit,,\, e\(,hnl fro1ll lizards tltat COlli" ill two
Sl'.\;'S, pairs of tlte sillglc-lllillded crcat"res
\\'ill take tmILSplad'lIlh- prdelldillg to 1",
mall"
:\1 :\')\\', I tltillk \'(11l \WIT goillg to t"lIllS a],<llIt
all 1IIIllSllal hi;'tI ne\t. ;{ "1IIIlOt lllisl<,b'II,
S UIt. 1111' Tit" jaealla, Y"s, I(olllal" jaealla birds
llSlIalh- rule the roost Oll e\eIY sltore, Illarsh
and ri'ce field \\'ltere these 100;g-legg"d
creatures abollll(L T],e\-'re generalh- larger
thall tit" Illal"s, \\'hic-h ;m' s'addled ;\'ith the
dutie-s orJmildillg t]u- ne-xt. illcllhatillg tln-
eggs and til(' chicks.
'\1 That's tit" one- \\'ltiel, I tlriul, , , , tllat ill
somo varie-tie-s i"lIlal"s r"glliark jilt tluir
dom"sti,,-mind,'d IIlat,'s alld s<'arclt lor othe-r
availabh- lilah,s, isnt
S A],soilltl'k rigltt
l
AlIti Iinullv. tillIS" slrallg"
cn-aturc«. cicltlids,
\1 -Iolt \'''S, arrut thos" till' lisll thnt "<lIIIl' ill
tllrt,t'
S Y()11 Ilan' \)('('11 \'0111' IHllIH'\\'ork Ila"('ld
T],;,t's rigltt - \'O'" "all filld I,riglltl\
eol<lmcd mali'S, palcr Ii'llI,tI"S, alld 1'""1,1,,
IlIal"s that look .md act like 1"11""I'S, Till '1'"
arc oulv a 1(,\\, Illal('s ill a Sdlool and.
if <1111' i,l' tl It'SI, di"s, all .uuliilioux ",,,ak 1IIal"
call its pall' colour ill all att('llIpt to
prd,,"d it's h"I'OIlIl' its riv.il. If .urot lu-r
111<111' appears, Il()\\'('\'('r. it call j1lst
as 'Illickh nv.-rt to its loruur 1""" sl'\l
1
:\1 \\'1,11. Salk, th.inl, \011 I"r takillg liS tilrollgil
SOIII(' ortll(' str;lllg(']" plH'IHlllH'lla.
5.0 page 80
I s, 'llsit i/.l'd
') hias
,j refrain
hoost
.'j ('Iiulillatill\..!;
(i 1I1Idl'rscoJ"('s
- hal'lnl
S coac]Jill.g
H Ilalllli"ap
III \\.I'II-hllltl,'d
I I, '"l1pldi"d
1:2
I:) \Ina
11 J)a\itl
Exam practice page 80
M=Mary, D=David
:\1 \\',,11. I tl,illk tr-aclll'rs 1I1<l\ pia, a largl'r rol,'
tllall !latlln' ill dil'/t']"('lltiatill,g I)('{W('('II tilt'
S"WS, Sllldi,'s slll)\\ tl,at tlll'\ It'lld to Ll\'"lr
!H)"S 1)\, callillg Oil tlwlll Ilion' Oneil
!ltLsllil;g tlll'lIl I,ankr
D Bill sllrt'h
'\1 JILSt a SI'I'OIl'!. Call I lilli.sl,
o
\I\ra alld J);l\id
Sadkn, tlll'\ 'n'prol,'ssors of l'd'lt'atioll aL
actllalk I "all't rt'IIII'IIt1",r I'\acth ",llI'rt,! all
111Ii\'t']"sit\. hllt can't rt'call \vllicil,
SOrt,' I,al" 1'"lllli tllat girls do hl'lt,'r ",I Il'II
an' \t'llsitil.(,t! to g('llt!('r hias alld
n-l"raill fnllll sexist LUlglla,l!;e, lih(' til(' lIS(' or
'Illall' to 1]}(',1I1 all of l1S. I Ll\'illl!; sillgle-scx
classes ill Illatlls alld SCi('IIC(' ('all also ho()st
It'lIlalt, pcr/e)J"]ll(lIl('(' it ('lilllillat('S
Ll\'OIIritislll alld IlIal" disapprmal of f"II1<d,'
acl,i"\"IIIl'llt,
D So il'ldlat \Oll'n' illlpkillg is trul' - alld I
\.!;lH'SS \\·hat \'(llI'n' s;l\'illt!; is tllat till' SIIC('('SS or
SlIt'II simpl,: "dII cat i'-l1l al r"forms (111)
lllH!('rs('ort's tlH' hasic social issl](': gi\'('11 that
tlll'n' 1I1<l\' Ill' r"al illllal,' dilfl'ITII''('s I",twc,,"
tht' s('-'\cs'. what are \\'(' ,l!;oiI IL!; to do about
:\ ft'nwle a(h-alltage ill readill,g
('IIIOtiOIlS cOllld 1ll' illlt'rprl'l('(1 to IIl1'all that
Illal,'s shollid I", harr"d frolll pS\'l'lliatr\' - or
that thc\ IICC,jIlIOIT l'oael,illg, Or a IIlalc
a,h-alllag,' ill lIlath c,"tld I", IISl',j to COli fill('
to COlllpositiollS alit! po('tr.' - or tilt'

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j?;'lI!TIl
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,8 a6sd

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86sd
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Tapescripts • Task bank 6A
:3 \\',,11. I nu-au. \011 cant take it sc-riouslv. call
Y'"I'd get too lie-pressed' I al\\<l\s t rv to
tl«. lunu. side of tl,illgs, Take 111\ joh, lor
inst.mc«. Bel\n'ell vou an.I uu. it's 1I0t ,'sacth
111\ idea of Ill'a\"11. dri\illC>; peopl,' round all
d';I'lolI,C>;, Hut lOll IlI'Tt all sorts. so it cant 1",
had, call
--I- To \)(' lrourxt , (',"(' Iw\rr \)('('1111111('11 of a
sociali/"'!'. "eler 1""'11 \\llat lOll IlIic>;11t call 'al
"'lSl'- ill till' l'oillpalllofotl,,:rs, TI,at's \\111
lh'eided 10 do what I do, I'lsl c>;il" Ill" a
kt'dH)anl <llld a S('!"(Tll 1'111 ('(llltCllt -
111;1(''' Ilappi,'r \\'itll IIlaellllll'S tll<UI \\itll otlur
people I '\1"lllIlIl,l, Ilappi,'r \\'itl, fic>;mes t luur
wit h word,;;
,') (',"(' ah\'<l\'s ]'('gar<!(·d life' as a sort
Ld's LII';' it, 11'1 Il'I I lOll look at till' killd 01'
\\nrld we- Ii\"(' ill, "Oil""!' If)
\\'llll! "(111\(' i\r \\'()rk('{! iJanl- I kl}()\\
lillkl'rillC>; aholll \\illl ollll'r Iwopl,'-s 1"lliel,'s
iSld "Ielhodl's "III' of "'a, SOliI(' Iwopl,'lllillk
1'111 Iliad lollal" Sl,el, a 'dirls' jo"l Bill lilli,'
it. II'." 1]( '\'('1" 1)('('11 ill 111\ ll,l! 1'11<' to \\'isll I())'
:l11:"lllill,g
5 PAPER 5 TASK BANK
There are no tapescripts for Unit 5
6 PAPER 4 TASK BANK
Brooklyn Center schools' programs
page 96
P=Presellter, R=Pete Ralldal
P 111 (l1lr .\/'ollud . \/1It' rin{ pl"ograllll1w tlds
('\'('llilllr \\'(, Ir;l\rl tf) Brookkll, to Iwar alHHlt
IIIl' Bn:,khll (:"lller I,", l'I:!Jali 1':lIlirolllll"1I1.
I'"", Hal"lal r"ports:
R '1'111' Brookllll C",Ii,'r I,", l' r"all
1>:lllirollll":111. or tilt' IH:['I':,prid,'s Ilsr,lfoll
its ahilit\' to ('llahlt' \-011 to dis('o\('t" 'llrhall

TIlt' B<:l:1< s"l,oolprog,.allis allract "',.,.
:lll,1I1I1I ,,1,ildn'lI a I"ar, trolll"I'TI sel,o,d
dislrict III Brookhll, al,,1 fro III all'",,.,. till'
cit\.
'1";(' cliildn'll ill fn)ltl pn'-
tlln1w..(ll Ili\.!;h sdl()oL alld ]carll
to carc ahollt tilt' ctl\inlllllH'llt h:
ill o\rl" :10 dif!c'!"(,lll
O,,'r ill'lr of 11",s" cllildn'll an' of 1IIIIImill
oriaill ,UH! illdlH!C nT('t!t to
I'rolll all "'"r till' \\orld,
Till's(' IlIliqlH' Ie)" selmol classes an'
illfllsr'd lIilll local 'lI"Ic>;lo!Jal"lIIirollll"'lltal
("(Jllt('llt. Th('\" ill('orporalt' ,sllhjeds Oil tIll'
CIIiTiclIl,111I approprlait' to "ach c>;,'ad" 1"1,,1
drawll I'r01l1 scit'!l(,{', art. al"c!Jit('ctllJ'('.
lllatlH'1I1atics, lallgllag(' arts and social s{llelit,S,
alld c",,,r tl", "road "JIIirolllllclltal slwdrJIlll
Iwtw('('11 1(J,spoilt Ilatllr" alld thc stnldlll.,.s of
II", cill',
140
vlor« th.ur 1.111111 teachers ununal}, participate
ill teachcr traillillg and dc\"lopll1cllt
workxhup« jm''''lIted 11\ the Cellll'r's
education staff. Thc stafllwlic\" that l-oth
"'acllt'rs alld stlld,.lltS re,.,.il',. th,. gilts of
ohscnatio!l and c!l\-inlllltH.'Tltal sr-uxitivit.
whir]: lI'ililast th,.1II a liI"tilll<'.
III addition til Sdllllllproc>;ralllS, BCl'E .ulult
.uu] lunulv alldi"IICCS 11111I11)('r ove-r h,IIIIO pCT
\rar. part"icipatill\.! ill \\-alkillg tours. llll" .u«l
i)(lat trips, II'lIl'kS""pS aile! sClllillars, Eal'h
S('(lS()ll of ('\rllts liaS a tlu-nr.-, SlICII as Ea»!
IU,,')' \1'1I11'r{;",,1I dlT"f,'!11I1I'1I1 ur IIII' illll'rilli
o{'/It" ,\lili/ltrI/ Oil Brookl'/II,
,\I'tl'r-sclllllllprogralllS at IH TE pr()lidc Inn
whil« den'l()pill\.! a carill,\.! c-uvironuu-nt
louurlution. Faillilil's with childrell ac>;,'d lour
thron«l. l--l ,"cars old ('111"0] ill t'Jl\'inlllJlH'Jltal
and '11('('- \,-1 iich illl'llldt' a
SIIIIIIII,'r 1><11 (:allll' '1'1((',,' altl'r-sr-lic'lll
prograllis occlIr at local s('])(){)\s alld parks.
alld ill s(''"<'raJ dis;Hkallta,L!;('d an'its.
2 High-tech spy page 97
P=Presellter, R=Robill Smith, J=Johll Vallce
P \\'Ilat's illfra-n'd "111c>;n'l'lI all ()I('r'," 'I'll('
latl'st Ilic>;II-tl'c-Il Spll HIII,ill Slllitl, r"iHlrts 1111
\\111 till' ,-\lltlllllllJ,il,' (:hd, "allts pllliel' til
tIl(' dirlit'st drh-('I"s \\-jtb IH'\\- "gn'('ll'
C<ltll{'ra'i to crack tlt)\\"11 Oil poll1lti01\ ill cit,'
sired".
H 'I'll(' lllf!torillg ,gro1lp lias spellt hUJ :rars
\\"()rkillg 01] tlds pr()j(Tt. ,dlie]) lIS('S illfra-n'd
It,C'lll}(J!Cl(T\ to c!l('l'kt'.\ll<l1lsl fllllws frOlll
\7"!licl('s ill tlj{' StUll{' \\"il:" \'id(,(}
(';lIl](']";LS call record lic('ll(T ]llllltlwrs.
It ('lallllS II". 11('\\ "'el'II"loc>;l, \\lli('11 lias
d"I"I"p('d 11\ sei"lltisls at Iklll"r l'lli"TSill
l"lIl id"lilil\ "rt,'"d('rs ill I"ss til<lIl a third "I a
s('('()Jl(L C{Jlllpan'd tu thn'!' lllilll!t('S for
\-id{'o
Y,'sl('nL" IIIl'lld",rs "I'tl". I Jcoparllll"lil "f
Trallsjl<lI"1 \\('1'" illlit,.d I" \\atell tl". first ill a
S('ri(,s or roadside' cl]('c]..;s til(' call](']";l (Ill
("ar ('ltlissi(lIIS.
I talk"d I" J,dlll \'a"e(', a sp"k,'sp('rs"ll I,ll'
tlll'\llt"IIl"I,il,' <:11,1"
.J ,Sp'Td ('allllTas Ii<",' dralll,lli('alil r('dll(,,'d
a('('id(',1t 1"Il,ls ill lIr"all ''''l'id(,111 sp"ls: alld
('tLltl('l"iLS c()1l1d pro\(' just as SII{'{'('s,sfll]
ill ('ll!()rt_'ill,L:; ('JI\-inllllIH'lltal tral"fi(" ]a\\'s.
\\"II-sigllpo.skd sp('('d ('allll'r"s ad as a n'al
dt't('IT('IIL \\itll SOIlj(' sib's a
d, 'IT' 'asr' ill l raHie li"lat i"IIS, ('"I lilt i"ll
C<lltlt'rilS ('oldd pnl\'id(' aIL all ('qllall:
"rt,'dil" dl'l"lT"lli \\'ltll"lil tl". 1I",'d t" "all
("aI's l'nllll ()lIr citi('s.
R Till' c\lll"lIl"hil(' <:Illh partielliarh \\a"ts tl".
p"liee t" targl'l \\llat il miLs till' 'c>;ross
p"lIllkrs', that is t" s<" a ] lI'lr "I'
1I,,,t,,rists \\ IIlI an' adllalh r('sp"lIsihl(' I,ll'
IIlor(' tllall half tl". Ilatillllal t"tal "f car""11
1l1011()\iclc (,lllissions.
"<'Xt 1Ill1l1th, p"h('(' 'lIld (,lIIimllllll'lltal
alltlillriti('s ill Calif<Jrllia, \\'hl'n' 1"I"ls "I' car
()I\(H'rsliip are 1"'lY high. \\illl)(' testing illfra-
r('d rClllotc sensing alongside
tlicir frcl'\\'''s, allo\\illg higli\\',,,, patrols to
pick Ill' n'gl;lar oll(,lIdcrs I"r pros('cntion,
3 Artist's eye page 97
III lll\ t('('lIS_ while- I() ("()Il\'illlT Itlys('lf that
I k"i a t.rknt lor art.' I n'lllI'lId",r h,'illg pll'as,'d
to he-ar that artists witl: poor col"m vision do sr','
.uicl paillt till' Imrld '1IIi'" dirt"rl'lIth.
If jill' «x.uupl«. vou look at till' \\mld tlmlllc>;11
hrowu-tintrc] slllH,,daSS('s, \-(HI los{' ("010111'
discr.minutiou. Y"II c-ant '",II t lu: dirt'T"IIl'"
hd\\'("'11 pall' \l'II,,\\ and wliiu. till' "lllI's
Iw('olll(\ llllHI(h- and vnu JI<l\r to p.uut a \'('1':-'
viole-nt hllle to sr',' it cl. 'arh,
Tl.i, is a I,'atllr" "ftlll' Ia,,: pailitillC>;s olCl.uid«
vlou.-t. lllio I,ad ('atarads, 11ISiC>;llilil'allt I'atarads
art,'d till' mujorit , nlux ill lutr-r Iii" hut "Ilk III a
minnrit. of cas('s -do tIIl'S(\ lH'C()III(\ lar,u:e alld
d{,IlS(' to r{'(lllin\ l nal nn-ul. III Ill(' type
"I,,"d snlllT"d lroiu. till' I('IIS 1)('('''III''s
lirownix]: rat Iur th.m "pa'jl)(', \s a r.sult ill till'
lat<' pailltillgs ol llis ,u:ard('ll at (;i\(,rtl:- ill Fral]('{',
\"011 call SIT llu: "Ilil('s !l('('(lIllillg morr- \'('lIow
-a'ld tltt' hh]('s h('('(llllillU: progrcssi\(":' dark('r.
"1')(H't l'''llIplailll'd at till' tilil" II,at III' 1"IIIIlII,is
()\\-1l \\-ork dark all(lltllldd:'. 11(' ('\'('11
slas]l('d s('\('ral C;lll\aS('S ill t!('spair alld-- l)('c<llls('
hridlt li\!llt \i('\\'('<! a caLlrat'! l('llds 10
's"att'T', lik,' lic>;llt tllrf'llc>;JI a dirll \\il"llIIv, 1)('
al\\'<l\'s <l\(Ji<!{'d ill dirt,t'! ,'illldigltl.
III al"t"'r til a l'ri"I,,1 ill 1\):2:2 \1(11)('1 \\rol,', '1111
po(Jr Illa]..;t's Il[(' S('l' ('\('r:'t1llll,e; ill a
"'""pl,'''' I,)c>;,' III('n'asillC>;h. 1)(' 1",,1 dilIiell1ll'
p('()plt,-s raC('s.
11(' fill<llh- a,\!rt'('d (() Jla\l' calar;wt SlJrg(T:' ill
I'J:2:l, ac>;;'d "11, 11m'" ",,,rs 1",1(Jr(' Iii,s d""II, fro III
IlllIg dis('as(',
4 Theme park page 98
P=Presellter, S=Sally Hoggart
I' TIIl'II)(' p"rks ,'all 1)(' 1)('''"'11 III 111('1 (',," Ill'
11l'11. SII, as IIIl' 1",lid"l "'aSIlIISI,,,.ls III 1'('1 III',
Salk Ilog,u:arl (dl('rs ;:ll ill,sid('!" ,'i e;llide to
tlw lll(lSt (JIlt ol"Z('llilll To\\!'rs tlWtlH'
park.
S Oil a I,IISI das, :2'i,lIlIlIp""pl,' "1111'" 111rf1l1c>;11
tl)(' tlll'IIStll,'s, ,\1 p,'ak tillll'S, ii's pml,a"I"
tklt a Illaj()rih an' SLlIldill,U: itl (II]('II('S. /\s ill
all hi\! tIH-'llw'parks_ \\'ailitl,e; .\(lllr !llnl is I):
Ell" til(' 111()S{ 1)111, if'
\(Jll C;1I1 ]"('acll tIll' car parks h: q a.lll._ :'(JII
I,it "II till' hic>; rid,'s I (('fon' (1)(' 'II)('I)('S
n'alll IIl'c>;il I to "Iliid III"
Y'lIll" elll1dn'll II ill pmll<lhh II alit to "0111"
I,aek illllil 11<",' tilill', 'Uili. I,"'l,) a I)('ad, 1'"1
LUI hll; a ti"kd lill' ti)(' Id!o\\illg dal, Bllt
\'Oll dO-Id kl\-(' t() t!('cid(' \\'IJ('tlH'r :(;11 wallt to
ha('k at tllis c11('''p rat<' IlIltiljllst h"I'II'"
11111 I,'all' tl)(' park,
'It's "lsII illlll<lrLlIlt til n'lasl sllIIl tl)(' c1,ildr"ll
do\\-n ('IIOII!2;ll to lla\(' ;lll Il(Hlr or so H'stillg
'liid n'lasillC>; 1111 a 1a\\1!: tllis will h"ild "I' sital
SLllllilia 1m tl", r"st IIf tl)(' ,1<11,
For tllos(' OJ"\'()\l lookillg l(lr to
"III, till' gift ill tl)(' To\\('rs it",11 is
III,;rc>;illalh I"ss 1""Tifi" ti,all tllo,,' olltsid('1
TIIlTl' is.1 firsl rat" 'lI,,1 \\,,11 SI1])(Tlisl'd
illdllor 1']lildrl'll Os 1'1<11 <In'a, ,,,allahll' to
pl'rsolls "p to II", age' 01 sis, Ollr ollsprillg
aclml'd it alld \OllCOldd saf,'h Il'a\,' IOllrs
thl'n' fill' all hom m so \\I,i],-\oll di,ic>;rowII-
up thillgs.
<)ll<'lI('S start I,"' tlu- I'l'tn Hahhit ic" sho« all
hom 1)('llm' (',wit Iltric,,-daih p"r!'>rTlIallCC,
But tit" auclituriuru is so hig th.it von could
allllost ccrtaillh arrive- tc-u 1I1;1I11teS Itcl'"T tho
1)('r1'>rTlI'lIWl' a;,,1 still gl't ill,
'I'll<' I Iauutrcl l lou:«- is uuu-h too frightellillg
lor Slllallcllildrcll, lfvours slt",,'s siglls 01'
pallic tl"'rc is all l'scap" l"llcl, just !)('f'lH' \011
gl'l to tlu- rcal" scan hit '
()II, alld I" tl,,: \\'a'.il',oll dont wunt to
("liT\' ,t;ifts'alld .rroun.! wit]: '"OIL vou
call 'ask Ior 11"'111 to 1)(' 1",ld lor \011 at'tl)(,
,',it,
'I'll(' ridt,s ('olltilllJ(' ill tIll' rain. 1I1Ill'sS its a
:-\{'riolls <!()\\'IlIH)lIr, 1>1It q1lcues ar(, shortl'l".
S(lll\rllir plastic P()]H'!IOS ('(lst L-L30. so
vour OWIl raiuc-out iI'tl", ""'all,,,r looks had,
'Haill d,)(,sld mal«: 11",1 muc-h din,'n'Il"" to
attc']Hlall(,(" SiIH'{' most IW()P](' arrallg{' t lu-ir
trips cla."s or \\'(Tks ill (t(h-all<.T.
\11 ill all. ZCllitl, T",\('rs is prl'll\ good, II"
1101 Disll'" \\'orld, 1",1 tl"'11 it dO"Sld "Iailll
1(1)(', '1I,,1 ii's a fair hil "ll<'a]','1', III Sllllllll('r
\()1I call sLl\' f()r II l}(lllrS, \\llidl llIakes it
',,\('('11"111 \:"1)('1
City robbery page 98
I )('{cdi\'l's n,jt';ls('<! til(' first \'ide() il11agt'S
\,'slcnLI\ 01'(1)(' Iwo 1l)(,1l1)('li,'\('d to 1"1\,, 1)("'11
'ill\oh,"( ill rollhing a i"\\(,II,,r" sll<l]' ill II", "iI,
S('\'('II da\'s <l,gt).
Bill Da\id TIl"kn, I"'ad oftl)(' lTilll<' s<11"1<1.
"oll,'('d('(lt"'lt (1)(' \ id"o I'idlln's tak"l1 a \\,'('k
a,go \\'l'I"{' !lot \'l'IY ('11'<lr. '1'1](' l',lIIWra \\'hidl
lilll)('d tl", 111"11 \\as alHIllt :200 Il",tr"s I'ro11 I
wl"'n' III<' rohl)('n look ]'Ia,'," ill Ltd i"sl :2IH)
1l)('ln's a\\'1\ froll' a I'ark"d lorn \\I'iclt (1)('
rohlwrs Iall'r lls('d as a \'(,llid(', 'I'll(' 11]('11
w('rt' also filllH'd \\rarillg 1}()()(ls as t1lt'y rail
towards III(' lorn an"r till' rohl)('n,
'I'll(' ]'il'lllr"s a 1'," tilll('(1 al ,,,,,,7 all; [ast Salmda\ -
jllsl "'til' all hom I)('I,)\'(, III(' rohh"n o''('lIrn,d,
\\'illl"ss,'s Ila\(' ,',"dimll'd tl,al al SOIIlI' tillll'
dmillg tllis Ilall'-IIlIIII'. tlll'\ ",\\ III(' 1\\0 1l1l'1l,
witlllllll l,o,,,ls, 1"a\I' til(' lorn s"parait'h,
d"lil)('rat,,1\ \\alkillg apart ill '''' atl"llIpl 10 a\oid
SllSpicioll.
Iksl'it" til(' 'Ilialil\ollll(' \id"o, \\I,iell al lirst
was tlHlllgllt to Ill' too illdistillct I()]' all
id"llifi"ati,," of (1)(' sllsl"'('!s, (:'"I1I1",,"I,'r
Tllckt'r 1)('li,'\('s til(' rohl)('rs an' dislilll'l ('1I01lgll
to 1)(' id""tifi,,d,
'I'll(' first SIlSP''('1. \\ho got Ollt 01' 111l' dri\,'r's sid"
01' til(' Jorn, is alllllll " I'HII " illel)('s tall. alld
sto<.lil:' Ill' was wl'arillg a s!att'
allorak. \\itll Ilood, alld dark lrollS"rs,
Th" pass""g'T was slilllllll'!'. alld sliglltl\ tall,,1'.
alllllit ;, f')(lt 9 iliell"S, alld \\as \\('aring light-hi Ill'
j"'lIlS and a hhl<' and \\I,itl' IlIotlkd jackl'l \\"ith a
hood"d jogging top, '
11'\'011 w"n' ill til(' ar"a, and sa\\ till' t\\U IIIl'n
I"';\l' till' lorn at dil'I,'r,,"t tinll's, OIl<' walking
abollt :jO lI)('t'n's in front of bis accolllplicc, "ollid
yOIl pl,'aSl' contad til(' polic" Oil :>:>7 -il-H, Yom
calls \\illlll' d",tlt with in tb" strid"st confid('llce,
Accordillg to till' p"li"", th" lorn, st"leli ill tb"
\Iidlallds last IIiOlitiL had 1"'1'11 r"paillt"d frolll
white- to bloe, a \"n dccp hili", aod fitt"d wit]:
faLs" r"gistration plates,
A tip-off. rl«. oight bel,m', that a rohlx-rv
SOIlIl'\\'lll'r" in tl«- cit\ \\as inuuiu.-ut. includ.-d
d"seriptiolls of tllr"" sllSp"ds, hut polic" \\('r"
unable- to sa" if tlte d('slTiptiollS g;,('n th«
pr.-vious (',('ning m.itchccl thos" of thr t\\ll nnn
ill tlu- 10IT\',
;\nd [inall;, sport. '1'1)(' EmOpl"lIl Clip
\\'illlH'rS .
2 Museum visit page 99
Co()(1 altc-ruoon. ladi"s .uu! g"lItl"lIl<'o, It is wit]:
gn1at p]('asllrc thal I \H'k'OIIl<' yon t(J our cit:"s
111'\\ \l11S"11I1I 01' lur luvtriul alld Hur.il Lil«. 'I'll('
1111lS('1l1l1 pro\-id(ls liS witl: <l 1111i(!lw historica]
r""ord of industrial .u«] agriellitmal lif,' ill (1)('
ar"a - all in til(' lu-,ut ol'tll(' cil\'
11,'1"', "011'11 filld a \\olld"rhrl "ol],'('lioli 01'
iIHII1.st;·ial alld SOItH'
ha"k :2110 ,('aI'S, \\,I,;"h rl'fl,'('t tl)(' Ilislon 01' om
ar"a lI\'T'111(' last t\\ll ("'lItmil's, \lall\ ol'tll('
",I,ibits 1"1\,, I)(','n n'stol'l'llto hrll \\IlIlilig
o I'd" I'.
1'lIlil''l'l','nth, (1)(' an'a \\as dOlililiait'd I"
agricllltllre. alld tIlt' rllra! illdllstrit's alld
traditiollS \\I'i,,11 an' aSSl)('iait'd \\'ith il. 'I'll('
1l1IlS(11l111\ siglJificallt coll{,cti(Jlls llrillg tllis
Il('rilag" hack to IiI'" \\itl, a I'ascillatillg bl"lId 01'
\\'orkillg alld static disp1a:-s.
Froltl ('ark lilllf'S. good C(lllllllllllicati(IIIS \\'itll tIl('
r"sl 01' til(" "ollntn 1,,1\,' I"d to ;lIdllStrial
prosp"rit\ I'or til(' ar"a, 011,' "\;11111'1" "I' sll(,I,
COllllllllllicatiollS \\'as tl\{' H()JIl<lll foad. \\'<ltlillg
Stn'('l. \\I'iell pass"d Il('arl",
IjaU'r. callaIs C,Ulj(' to hrillg 1\('\\- pn)sp('rit:-. alld
tlll'lI til(' rai"'a\s,
Trallsporl is a stroug tllt'll](' \\'llic!1 will rt'l'llr
tllrllll,glllllll :'(lIlr \isit.
(;ooc! S:-SIt'ltIS !oca!
illllllslri"s, "sl','('iall\ tillIS<' n,lait'd t" agri"ldlm,'
al](\ tIll' IIlIlS('IIIII has collt'ctiolls oj' llatiollal
frlllll 1l1all:' ()ftl]('s{',
Lo"allll'o]'I{" tllO, I"I\{' """llg,'d II;stolY "11l1 IIIl'
111IIS('1I111 \\·i11 illtrodllt'{' \Ul\ to t1H'S{' alld (JtlH'r
IOl'al ""I, 'hril i, 'S,
'1'1)(' displa\s, \\itl, "II ilt'IIiS clIlI"d"d local",
slll)\\ \\ltat locallif,' lIS"d to 1)(' lih', \Iall\
dis]'Ll\s III' III('al it"1I1S an' 'ill ('{lItt",!, alld sllll'\,
""' "'alllpl," a hlal'kslllitltOs f(lrg", \\III,,'hHiglttOs,
prilll,'rOs alld cohhl,'rOs \\orksllllps, \\'orkillg
Itl<lc!JilH'r:' hrillgs thes{' displa:'s a!i\"("
\\'!Jatl'\"('r \-Ollr illtl'rest. \\"(' 110I){' tilt' 1IIIIS('lllll
\\'illlltl\"(, !(l!' :·UII.
SO. 1(lt's go and lllak(' ollr first jOllrJl(':' illto tlw
past
3 Baltic cruise page 99
,\Itltollglt it 1I,'\"r lias \\011 (alldprold," I,,'\('r
\\ill \\'illil till' till,', Sto('kilollli is a sl'l'iol!S
"ollklld"r for 'Th" \\'orldOs "lost llt'alltihrl
Capital', For it l'tTtaillh' is \\'itlt its "I,'gallt
s"al'rollt framillg clear hili,' \\atl'rs, \\'IIlTl' I,ah'
\Ldarcll IIlt,,'tS tit" Baltic S,'a, 1I111111TOIIS islallds
skirt tit" shon's, IT,'atillg \\olldnflll palloralllas,
Frolll Stllckholm, "Oil "all cntis" til till'
Spl""dllllrs III' Tsal: Fein til(' Cr""l's '\\'illdm\ til
til(' \\'"s!" !,nmd,'d ill th" "ark ].',th C('lltlln,
Elegallt alld SllplTllleh' ])('alltifirl, ill'l1<'rial St.
Fekrslmrg stands Oil 101 islands, Iink"d h,
rinTs, canals alld hridg('s,
Task bank 68 • Tapescripts
H('gt'llt Tra\rl oH'('r Cfllis{'s fro11 I onlv CS:37 lrnm
th« ,3tll III' F"hntalY to the- Hitl, III' Ik''l'IIII)('r,
d"partillg 1111(' da\ 'a \\(','k. 1111 Tlllirsda\s 011 I\"
lucludr-d ill till' Ikg,,"t Tra\l'1 pa"kagl' an:
re-turn s('lll'dlll"d f1igllts l)('t\\I'''" Brilisll airports
and "tll('kl'llllll: two lIigltts' twiu I)('d .uir!
hr"akfast a('collIllIlHlatioll ill "{'lItral Slo,'kllllllIl,
at till' ,-star Ilokl Sklla, localt'd rigllt ill till'
Ill'arl ultlu citv: alld lour lIigl,ts' twin full hoard
aCC()IIIIII{)(latio;1. has('d l1pOl1 two p{'opl(' sllarillg
all illsidl' cahill, alHlard till' Hallic Lin: \I/S
'\ort]IITIl St.ir. Yot: I'all lI]'grad,' tllis til all
olltsidl' tuliiu ifv ou "IIlHISI', Ior all additiollal
pa'"Il'11.
YOII d"p"rt Oil "Tlllirsda' Oil a ,.lllIi('" of fligl"s
lr t StO('k]IO]III. \\']l('J"(' ,\011 will !ir: sta:'illg I(JI' 011('
lIigl" at till' Ilokl Sklla,
t)1I Frit l.r, till' \I/S '\ortlll'rt1 Star \\ill sail at
I(i,tlO hour«. B"fon' dockillg at St I'd"rshmg "t
17:)Ii OIl S"tmda', \l1l1'111"I\" tillll' to "lIim all
till' f""iliti,'s till' '\,;rtlll'rt1 SIal' lias to orr; '1",
Satmda\ aIIlISllIlIl,,\ lIigl"s \\illll(' sl"'111
Illo(Jn,t! ill St wll('n'. (lit Sllllda\,
\l11l'1[ Ill' al>l" to "lIl1]'I,' till' d"Jigl"s IIIl' cil\ lias
!() ()l'lt'l" as \'(JII \\'ill he I'rt'(, t{) do \Olll" {)Wll
sigl ItS('t'illg
()11 \){)llda: :()ll dlvart l'nllll SI }Jt'!{'r."';\lllr,g al
lh.O() \l<)IIl"S ltll' :'0111' rl'fllrll j(lllrJl('\', TII('I"{,'s a
lan'\\"II]'arl\ Oil ho"nl \\itll li\,' IIIIlSi", ()II
ani\al "I Slo"kllollll 11I"t da\ at l:l,OO IIlIIII'S, \011
\\illll(' tr;lIlSf,'rr"d to till' 111Ilt'1 Sklla IIlIlil '"111
d,.]'artlll'l' Oil \\'{'d'll'sd,,\
()llr lill('s art' IH1\\ (JP('II 1'(11' additiollal
ill!()rJllati()]1 ('()Il('('rllillg 1)()(lkillgS t'lt'. Fleas('
'I"ot" n''''n'lIc,' 1I111(11)('r DSOOB 11,,,IOs B f"r
B('rti(' \\'! 1('1 I
\11111111\\ 111]'a" \1111 h"ck III .101111, \\'!HI','
to :()11 tllal pllollt, Illllld)('l' hilt
]"('111('1111)('1" !I](' n'!('l"t'Il('(' lllilltll('r .
4 National Asthma Campaign Open Day
pago 100
(;(J()d alld I itlll
d"Jigl""d III \\(,1"111111' \'"I III till' '\'\COs "11111,,,1
0]"'11 IJ,,\, Lacll s]'rillg, Illis 01"'11 IJ", I'rmid",s
tl]{' ()ppUrlllllit:- !tll' Ulll' ITS('ardl {'()Illllliltt,{"
trllslt't's. sllpporkrs illHI stall It) ('(lItlt' to
sl"lIT till' SII"("'S,"'S III' '\.\(: r<'''''trl'll alld 10
I('anl 111(1rt' alHlllt tIlt' \\'tlrk fllat is Olt.
()m "'I)('('l<'d n's<'ar<,I, SI"'lIdillg 1<,,' tllis lill'lIl1'ial
\('al' is a [2.1 Itlillioll. all ill(Tt'aS(' ()I
; I\l'!' [:2,,11,111111, a 'I"a,.tl'!' III' a Illillillll !"llllllls, Oil
I!lt' pn'\i()lIs fill,ll]('ial :'1'al' W(' COlltilllH' to
SP('IIc! 111(llT 1II(IIlt':' (lll Iwlpillg ilstlllllll slli'/<'r('rs
tllall all: otllt'l" lHlIl-('()llllll('r('ial ill
tllis (,Ollltln, allli Illat is ;III'IIIllillg IIII'
'n Iltlt'llt
'\"\(Ttlll'l{'ss,l)(' assllr"d tl'at 11l)\\('\('r 111111'11
JtIOll('\ is ;l\-ailahl(' j()r n's('arclL \\'t' will ('tllitillll<'
ttl ad(l(,rt, to 0111' rigorolls stalldards wl]('11 it
('(JIII!'S to n's('a1'c]1 awards illlt! \\'ill Sllpp()rt Old:
n'st'arc]1 \\·llidJ passes tlw rt'\i(I\\' pnJ<.'('ss - all)
proj('('t !lot passing tltis sLlgt' willllot
1)(' c()ll.sid{'r{'d It)r a n's('ar('11 award
,\s \\1' I)('ar tilda, or till' \\IIrk tllat I"IS 1)('''"
"arri"d IIl1t I" S,'III1l' ol'tlll' Illost d"dimtl'd
scientists ill tL(1 cOl1lltr:·. \\'(' call 1('('1rightly
pl'lllld - pl'lllld IIl'tl)(' cOlltril"ltioll \I'"lla\(' iliad,'
ill till' figlll agailLSt astllllla, \l'itll all its 111111"111,
sllcial alld [illallcial costs,
So ]t't liS \\·{'kOlll(' tlJis }lltlrJliIH.(S s!wak('rs,
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')I'1?11l SI SS,),),lIlS ']111111 I S,I'I'''" 1'''1.\\ 1\
(,110.\
1.1I,).1l? 'SS,),),)IIS .!llo.\ ljl!-\\ .U.IIO.\..
r,pIJSS,l,),)l1S 1I,),lt\ ,),'.110.\ ,1,lp!SIIO,) 110.\ op PIlY V
.1!,)I!l IL\\()P Illl.l
,1,1\,'" ILl 111'1 'Ill. 1III I'" IIII,U IS[" I '.\''>lIlo,!J ,
Ill? ,1"11"011,11"1' 1 ','"111' ,'\ \,
1I1l
1'''1'\\ [1I,
1I11
P"!lll,U I ',)(11 ,)HOP
11,)1lf):O',IOJ ,I,),\,lll ,l,'.1 l"!" ,)111 .I0.J
,HIOP II'Jlj0l1·IO.1 ,1,)\,)(1 ,I'\.I 1\1.
V V
"'I HI,l i: \II ,1\11 1 111 11
.nu [111[,)P"O.) (Jl ss,ud ')(P ,\.1,).\ S,lI 1\1.
r"n:lll ?;'1I1l(1.\
, 111' JI,'S,IIIII\ J,'!"SIIII,) IIIJS '[[1.\ 01' I"[V V
'SP,),I'I 1I! clu lql1I10.H! I
111'1 ""[1"11 S",\\ J, lI1l0 1l1
.\1\ 'pl'J III 'S,I\ '11",\\ 1\1
dll 1'I11110.H\ 110,\
,U",\\ '1l1,',I,ll' l' ,I" ,),))'JIl? ,)\1"1 y
"llellI,'d '1""\\ I[JL\\ '[JII\\ 1'11[[ lI1S "lelo,)(1
1!"H\\I'I() ")lelo,lIl '1",'\\\Olel[II,) JUOI) I
S,0'l.\\ ,)[[O,lIl[OS.l0 S'):-p:l 0'1'\\
IIOSJ,"] l? SI\III[(! \ '1'",",11\"1 '1<U1l[(1,1 1I11,7),U
IIS!,\\ 1If)\ II,H\\\\.WSS,l,),lll ,\[110 S.:O'II!lIlO,!S l\l'

'))Il ,Ill s7)1I111l .\, 1I1l ,uy d11'IS ,1I1l 7)1ll\111[(1
'J,)dlll,'] SIIOIIIl'J ,1110\ lllIHIl? 1'''1\\ I'"" '111111 II V
',Hl[
.\J,l\ sn.\\ ')11 1111,HII S!'1
,)SOI,l "11','']Sl? S",\\ ')1 I d,lIl,l 1l?\U l? S""\\ ' 1\1
,
1I1l1'"Y
V
'-,' ......'
i[1lJ' I
Sj1"ll 1Il?1I1 l' 7)llIl"1 ll"ll SI ,'l)I"1 ,)11[(',)
IUII(I ',\l?I'01 ,,7),11''1') Oil s,u'''LL ',uIIs[,)1 JII()\
q,llIlll .nun ',H,!ll[
TpIll? ,JIll S!',""\\OI s7)IIII')"1 J1l()\ ,\\011'1 I, :1'1l'S
1'111' llllli 0) J,J\O )11,),\\ 1 I'"l? II[O[UIIl"'l ,1I1l 01
Uti' Of fS.-lIl:O' S!I{ I os ,HII
p,l'!"l?J1" S,\\,IL\,lJ Sill ',)IjU,) 1'001 l' Sl?,\\ ,1I1() 1\1
C,)lIOI!" ,111[(',1 )"'Il!JII'\\IIII!HIY V
iJ",n JSI?[
]',lIl,)dll II ,),)[lIS j111'JIIl?jS,U ,1I1l 1I11UI ,lldo,)(l
Tapescripts • Task bank 6D
:'\e\'er mind! 1\(' p"t it all Ixhind mc-. Look to
the Iutun- - that's 111\ IIlottO
I
s and 10
[ rcallv didll't kuo« lu-r \I'IY well at all. \\'e liwd
too lur apart to I'JrlIl all\'lastillg kine] of
nlntionship. And sll(' \\as II"ite old whell she
had 111\ mothe-r. Bllt sll(' \\'as a sOIlL The
kiuc! OiPITSOIl who IIlak('s \(111 'lolIg f,"' c!a\'S
11\ ,,11('11 \011 think of Ill'!'. YOII know, snu-lls
of bn',;d bakillg ill IIIl' m('11 - I,'elillgs of
S{'(,llrit:·, IH,jllg safc.
2 Class distinction page 105
1 and (i
DOII't \"(HI <1\.;1\'(' tll<1t \'OIl"IT ill «ont rol olvour
owu Iii" alld \011 ('all do wllat \(111 want:' I didll'l
,t!;() to a pri\<lt"(· scll<)o1. I \,-as lip ill a
Erirh poor .nr:u. hut 1\1' Il('l'lI '1"ill' sllcct'ssfllL I
l1s('d to d('si,\.!;11 gardells "lit lIO\\" ( 1"1111 a specialist
s('l",i('{' ill (·()lllJHIU·rs. I kuo«: p{'op!t' whov«
1"'1'11 s('111 10 pri\alt'sdillois .iud h.rv« (,lld('d "l'
doillg Iloillillg wit l: tlll'ir 1i",1 l lwc- ('ollid afl,ml
to sl'lld 011I" ('hildn'lI to a pri\al(' s('llooL v\'('
\\(lIdd, 11I11 it's ilion' illlporlallt tltat till' Ellllih
lias a baLlIll'l'd 1'\isle'Il(,",
2 and 7
I'd lik(' 10 1,,1\1' 1",(,11 all artist, \llli kllo\\,
I)('((('r('d 111\ Sl'II' Alld I slill sl,,:lt'11 110\\, if 1'\1'
got all IUllir to spare 11IIt I Ilil\"('ld got tilll(' to
do all\ propl'r pailltillg alill \\'l'IL I I('ft
s('llool awa\, I \\as a hit of a ",oll)('('aIlSl'
I c01lld lta\'(' ,e;()!W OIL :\(1\\' I alTOI'd to r{'-
('d,lt'al,' 111\",11 I ,'art! aholll 1:7 all hom - ill
E,l'! \(111 gl'l paid I" lilt' IlIilllllt' 01' til('
prolhlt'lillil li,"', If\oll're' fi\l' IlIilllltl'S lall', \llli
Illiss li\'(' lllillllt{'S pa:'!
and S
I was "l' ill till' sOlltl, \\'('sl bill 1'\(' li\'('d
1]('1'(' ill Li\'t'rpo()] lill' si\ :rars. I (,(lltldld go
ha('k. iI's 100 E,r f(lr IIIl' kid's Ettlll'r, 111\ t'\-
I,mballd, 10 Sl'" tlll'lll al \\'('('k('lIlls, -\Il\wa\, 111\
11111111 alld dad 1""lldlr't Ill'lp- Ih('\ 1};1\('II't got
f\vo pl'llilil'S to rilL togctl\('r,
I 1H'\'{'r go Ollt - dlnd lik/' to Oil Illy OWIl, alld
aIlV\\'1\, I I',"r't afl,ml to, I'd Iml' a '1'\' hilt v\'('
Ila\"('Il't ,\!;o! (J1\{', SlIppose l f('l'] hitter ill SOliit'
wa\'s, rcalk,
el and H
I d('al witl, a hmad ('mss-"'I'lioll of pl'opl,' alld
arter \,('ars or so \\'olling, tilt' \'j('w \'011 jC)rJll
of jll'opl;' is Ii,r lI,on' IIll'rito<Talic thail has('d Oil
class: ",r I'\;ullpll', an' 111l'\ p('opl(' \'OII rcsp('cL
trllst, filld I ]elld IllO!H':' to Illl'dilllll-
si/.t'd cOlllpallil's alld j)('opll' rlllllling thost' ar('!d
"PI"T-lliddl(' ('lass, Bllt SOIIlI'lillil'S 1'111
('lIlharras",d h\ till' wa\ I spl'ak, III a ro01l1 1'1111
of I,", (,X';lIlpll" it ('all 1)(' a
disad\'alltag(', It's Oftl'1I lake'li 11\ SOllll' as
projecting a !c)ntl or
.') and 10
I SllppOSl' Wl"re' of as sllohhish, alld
th('r(' is a lot of tnlth ill that. BlIt it's a strollg
l'1l'lIll'lIt of IIIIIIIall char'lct('r alld othl'l' eOlilltri('s
ha\l' jllst as IlIlIeh sllohl)('n, Still. th(' prohkllls
ill Ihi,s COlllltn an' 1101 l'I'alk to do \\ith class, [
do thillk Olll' ;,1' till' hasie tl;illgs that is \\TOllg
1I0Wis tIll' Ilrl'akdowlI of thl' [lllli" , I'l'l'haps
peop'" thillk the grass is gr('elll'r I']sewherc-
144
mouev and pri\'i1l'ge Illing happiness' And wt-.
well. \H'. WI> haven't evactlv set a hapI)\' example
in all this I It's not that e-asv ha\'ing a titl« in this
da:" and age
3 Food page 106
1 and 6
Some girls arrive whe-n \\'e opell, do tlm-r- hours
training on the trot and the-n wor], their nlnsc!I'S
individuallv vvith Thc'\' drink wate-r hut
von ne-ve-r 'scc thcll c'at all\tltil;g. Thc\"rc
L\[Jl'1'adi\", dont c-at or propc-rlv and
1'\I'lItnal" «nd np ill hospital. Thl'\ think thl'\ n-
normal and voun- almormal'
2 ancl 7
SOl!l(' 1'1'01'''' "H'ar I" tlu-ir 1'(Tipl's more-
frc<jIIl'lItk tliau tlll'\ do I", a11\' voluu«- of
r('ligions tcst.uuc-ut or L",', Anti all ('ooks ha\'('
tlll'ir f"Hlilritl' \\'(lI'ks of r('f''!'I'II(''', ,\lor/all
Cuisiiu: inav 1I0t filld itsl'lf Oil 1'\l'nhOlh's
kittln-u slll:II' hut that is 1I0t to ils ;lIf1l1l'!Il'I',
TIll' tlisill's an' IIHlrl, halall('('d, th,: Iluvours an'
1I1on' distillcti\(' alld till' tl'\tllr('s - tl,is is
{'IHlllgh to Illake .\Ior/ern Cuj,\'!//(, tilt' gn'at('st
coll('dioll 01' n'cip('s of till' ('1'lItlm'
:3 and S
TIll' ('l)\\'" IIlilk ""1\ lIot 1)(' Sarl' 10 drillk IlIlt. I"r
11ll' 1,ld('rh poplilat'ioll, till' l'olll",rts ofilollll'
IIIl' risks ill\o"nl. SI()\\'I\ till' ,'\'aCIll'l'S,
all ('Idl'rh alld lIIost of tlll'lIl \\'OIII;'IL ar('
1H',gillllillg to rdllrll to tIlt' ar(,a, \I()st
sllppll'IIIl'lIt w('('kh d('li\'('ril's or I"od \\ith
protlll('I' a'Hlli\I'stock rais('d Oil till' polilltl'd
lalld,
el and H
\\'1' iJlllllalls SOOIl !c)lIlld \\"(' \\"('1"(' at 0111' IllOSt
l,rfj('il'lIt wlll'1I v\'(' op('ratl'd as a hlllltilig pa('k. III
tllis \\"a\' W{' \\"('rt' ahle to turll 0111' attl'lltiOIl to
hig,gl'r pn': - hl1t tilt' llH'at was too tOll,gll for ollr
sliiall ja\\'s, \ \'" I'IIIe'n ,d till' I'pl HllIl' 0 I' t IH' 1II1Iliali
""1'1' sli('('(1 alld ('ooke'd III('at I)('('allll' ('as\ to
COIISllllil', \\'l' atlaptl'd till' Ii"HI to Ot!l' (('('(II.
.') and 1O
\\'(, \\rJ"(' ('ager to ill\"('stigal{' alld pll(lt{)grapll till'
Ii'l'dillg patlt'rns of till' I"l\ j,'lIdisl, hllt \\'1' Ell'l'd
",riolls prohl"lILs, TIll' '''Ii IIlals' appl 'ar alld
disapp('ar 1I11pn'tlidahh ill till' \vatl'r. Stlllkilig
tlll'lli ill lIatt!l'(' w,"dd 1)(' illipractical - alld, to
add to om dill'1I11"'1. l!lost \\'(1Ir't ('at ill capti\'i1\,
4 Coping with the unexpected page 107
1 and (i
\\'1,11. I \\'as ilt th(' todd aC'iltalk \\'IIl'1t
startl'd shakiltg, Apparl'lttk \\'(:'d hit SOItIl' '
tllrlmll'!tl'I', ,\11\"''''', as I II};"II' Itl\ wa\ haek
d()\"" th(' aisll''-I 1,:11 ami twisted ;11\' ,;ltkll', I
\\u,dd ha\'1' Iw('1t all if I'd bl'e;, ilt 111\ s('at.
I'ltl !lSl'd to this kiltd 1;1' thing as [ do a lot' of'
tr",('llillg so it doesld bothlT mc at all - Imt it
was heing 011 111:' ft'ct jllst at that \"('1':' rl)Oll1CIlL
that's \\'Irat ,lid it'
2 and 7
\\'e wn,' tra\l'lIing Itp to tbe fifth floor - [ dOll't
like esealators, the\.'n' too slm\, so 1 al\\'ays look
for all a!i<'mati\e i'f possible, AIt)",a\', w(':d
alltlost ani\ed at thc -ith floor whell the thillg
jltst stopped deacL Lnckik there \\cre f(lIlr of!lS
allel soltH'body said, 'Don't \Hl'TY' Tlrer,,'s a]wa\'s
an liuttou ill tlH's/' coutruptionx.'
Lnckilv f'JI' ItS, h(' was and te-n minutr-s later
we e!llergl'd sa\(> and SOItIH!1
3 and S
ThC':' \\'('IT SllO\\Cillg this S('('ll{' of SOIl}{'O!H' ski-
iltg, \\'e all had to pitt on sp('('i,,1 glassl's and
thr-n. Slteld('llk, tlu- skiers S('I'III('d to, wc-l], sort
of inv.«!« till' 'roO!ll1 TIll' ,sp('cial ",rl'('ts we-re-
Iantastic. YOIt r.-allv f,,1t as if' \'011 WI']'l' tIH,],l' with
tlu-m. partk-ul.ul. wit l: this IH'W'ail-nil ItIl!' sound
tlu-v ha\'I' lHI\\'ada\'s, Am",a\ it was so realistie I
\,()\\'(,d Lwould 1t1'\I'r take' "P till' sport, iftb,,!'s
\\I,at it's r('alh Iikl'l
el and H
Thn(' \\as this kind of indoor louut aiu. rigllt III'\t
to om tabl(' - n'alk l)('atltifltL it \\'as
l
Altd
\\as pnf,'eL a rl'al ('1'!I'bratiolt'
(;oodlwss k!1l)\\S wh.rt it must Ila\(' l'OSt - till'
Sl'niel' \\'as ul isolutr-lv SlIIll'rll,
pnfc.C'i - altd th.-u su.klc-nlv I kltoc'k('d ove-r a
bo((I(', I \\as so l'llIl,arr"ss('d I didlr't know whe-re-
to p"t 11l\Sl'lf. I'ltl Itot jokiltg
l
I III'"rl\' ralt Oltt of
tIll' pla('l' - Illlt tll('\ IIligllt "'1\1' I was
tniltg to l's('apl' \\ithollt I'a\'iltg till' hill I
5 and 10
\\'{' \u'n' Il<l\'illg satldwi('llt's allc! cakes - a Silllp]('
sort of' Itll'al \\'led take'lt witll lIS - Iliit it was a
lH'alltihd da:. :'()ll kIIO\\', slln hl'I's
bltniltg, tbat killd of' tllillg, till' odd fislll'rJllalt
\(,rtlll'r do\\ltstn'''lll lookiltg at ItS ill a ratlll'r
disappro\'illg \Va: \\"(' \\"('r(' Illakillg too Illllt'll
ltoiSl,1 Sltl!<hlh till' 11l'''\'('lIs op"lll'd alill dowlI it
('alltl', TIH' lo('als ItlllSt I"I\(' I,ad" fi('ld-da\'
\\'atchillg liS IllllT\'illg lc)]" SIH'ItIT1
ANSWERKEY
Describing location
'1']", e-xamine-r \\ollid not I", ill!<'res!<'d ill
kll()\yillg that S(lll}('thillg ill til(' pic-tun- \vas {ICO
CI'lIlillll'II'"s/i'Olli I!II' I{'fi- I ril!JiI-lliJlld sul« as it
is not this kind of pre";S<' d,'sniptillll that
{'\<llllilWrS arc lookill.L!; lill', I I'yOIl arc
(,olllparill,L!; twr: pictures .uul l]{'('d to rxplaiu
\Y!\('re pl'ople or ohil,(,!.s an', it is important III
do tllis cllrr('('th, of' ('OIll'S!', II' \'011 lilah,
lllistak('s. this 1;1<1:' ('I"('alt' a illlpr{'ssioll
olvour ahilih- ill tIl{' r-x.nuiutr» mind.
l Iowrvr-r. (,\tll1liJ){'!"s Ilsllalh ask for all
iuu-rpn-t.uion of a pi('(IIJ'(' :11111 a Illore glollal
descriplioll of photograpl" ,,,,,d :2,

Loc.uion of hank: I(illgstoll Iligll Sln'l't
Tillll' of robhen: :2.:l0
\:1I11tlH'r or Sl1slwctS: ::;
Otlu-r (,llstollll'rS sa\\' a \\'(Jlliall ,L!;i\'iHL!; sOllll'lllillg
to h\"{l 111('11 ill 1he' (jlH'II('
,\111011111 sloll'lI: [I'j,OOI)
.\lal'lll rai"'d 11\ I'allk stall
Callg ('sl'ap('d 'ill ('ar dri\'('ll Il\ a \\Olililll
2.2 page 14
Descrihing similaritu-s and differenee';--l
{,ollll'lll'l'li ('IIIt1d Ill' follll\\(,d I" fril!1
2.1 page13
Giying your opinion
f'l'r"'"lrillj. 1 1/111'1'11 'I I!II'/r/illil'si idl'll illmlll .
sOlllllls rather I'III!I' a111I IIff-halld '1I1d S1lg,g('sts
II :011 ba\"(> uothing else to sa:
1'111 1{lIill' rO/llilll'l'rll!/ilI. . "'presses a \('ry
stroug opinioll.
2.3 page 14
1 illl :trllH't! n')ll!wn :2 a S('{'I'lrih nrlll
,) 1111' lligl, h:lllk j Iliaell;III' gl'IIIS
,') t]\('ir :dtenlllllli tll,I"IT\ () II\(' "'(''-II'il\
gllards -; I]\(' !"illk c1'-Tks aLinll hl'tttoll
9 a g<,ta\\'a\ dr 10 d'-II,i>I" \1']]o\\·I'"es
11 a tr:dIic \\':lrIlell 1:2 a p,irkillg Ifckl't
11) hllSll\ ('\r!)J'o\\"S 2g/(' strai,e;ht hair / !lOS('
:3g curlv hair --kif ovul / rmuul Llc{' / {'\'{'S
,'5h roS\ c1"'eb hd xliu: huilr! '
,e turne-d-up no'" 'ia Ilalldiebar mnusturlu-
Dj \\('1] lmilt IOi of nu-dnnu I",iglll
1.0 page 16
1.1 page 11
• •
"" ;;..• Ii
Pictures of the same person are:
)," C alll11 E, C anti F D, E and 11
4.0 page 9
A '1'111' \'Il\\'(,1 sounds are:
hel lei !II 101 IA/
:2 le'/ li:1 lal/ hoi lill:1
:) hel lei iII 101 IAI
'1'1", ,,'eo'lI! vowr! ill all li\I' \\ords is 1';1/,
-+ lel/ li:1 lal/ hoi Ijll:1
'1'1", ,,'eIJlll! \0\\,,,1 in all Ii\(, \\ords is hI.
:\ xilrnt I' 011 the end of a \\oJ'(1 of' 0111' s\'llahle
cllding ill 0lH' c-onsouant 1I1ak{'s til(' '-()\;'{'\
I",fi)/'(, it 'sa\ its alpllabl'l Ilallll,' i.r-..-\, I. 0,
l;. ('.,e:.!Wfl', til1l('.!u)j)('. IIIIf!."
111 Ill",-s\'llabll' words wlu-r« tl", last
('()11S()!l,1lIt is dOlllll('d }wl{)f(' adding all {'IHline:
hegiJlllillg with a \"O\H'l, tIH'n' is a short vowr-]
souucl. I'.g, (('I'ill'lh'd, I{'III'I');III'II. rotten,

111 olll,-S\lIah!e m)/'(Is \\1",1'1' till' Iasl
eOllsoll,ult is Ilot dOllhl"d \\,1"," addillg all
cllding lw,gillllin,1l: \\'jth a \"()\\'t'L tll<'n' is a IOllg
'-0\\'('] s()lllHL c,g. I!Wkill:!., fLTitiJlil,.jokilJ;l..
tllhillf!,
BTl", \\urds ill ('ohlnlll I all ha\(' tl", \'Il\\,(']
sOlllld ill.
TllllSe ill ('011111111 tml ha\'(' Ii:!.

0111' CIIII'I mil' 0111 Ihe J!ossihililfj Ihill
sOllnds too !'mna!.
II'!/() /.;IIOICS." sOllnds abrupt and too inlimnal.
lIIighl expresses probability I pOSSibility,
('ollid "'presses probabilil\' I eapabilit\·,
/lllIst e'presses a lngieal e.splanation.
4.1 page 9
1 IIart :2 \\'ell :3 \Ialltoll -+ (;racelalll!s
,") Boland 6 Pond
3.0 page 8
Check the tapeseript (on page 1:291 to see ho«:
much of tlu- information VOIl Illallaged to note-
down corrcctlv. 'Cold listl'ning' like this can he
dilficult heea,;se there is 110 s;,t task. 110
indication of what to liste-n lor. Also. the uu-morv
load is high, it is difficult to n'Il"'III1)('r all tl",
ddail alld t]ll're is not ('Illlllgli timr: to writ« it all
clown.
3.1 page 8
Finding out about people
HOle IIlIlCII 1/10//('1/ do '/01/ ('01"/1.'-' 1)('
(,()Ilsid('f('d all of priv.uv.
1.0 page 10
Ms is ran'lv Ilsed ill spokell Ellglish hilt it is
oftell preli'rred as all a]tert/ati\'(' to ,\1I"S or
Miss, which d"llotl' married or Sillgl,' status,
IJeligltll'rll" 111"/.;1' 11""1" "(,I/""illlllllee souncls
rather 1'>rIllal alld sOllll'what '!lower\" for
genera] illtrodllctiolls alld I'l'SpOIlSes,
a !')J']nal h ill!,mna] e less formal
cI less f,mnal e less !imnal
other people and "esponding;
appropdately
Sllggestl'd ('0111 hi Ilat iOIlS:
A rill M"ri" ,,"r1 I!tis is L,,"is.
B /Ii 1111'1"1" (;""rI I" sl'e 1/"".'
A Court //Iorning / / (Tl'lIlni!,. rill
J)I", :\11", ,\1I"S, ,\Iiss ,,"r1 / le,,"Ir1Ii/.;1' I"
introduc(' !lOll to /IIY ('olin/gill'
Ail", AII"S, ,\Iiss
B //"11' d" II"" d"."
A //"11' d" If"" d"." or f'll'"sl'd I" II/{','I ,/"".
J)l'lig!lll'Ill" IIW/.;I , 1/""1" 1iI',/""illlfl/lI'" is
rat]lI'r f'mlla!.
A rill AI"l"i" ,\1,,"101" 111111 litis is 1111/ ('(IlImgll"
L,,"is 1'1'1"J'iJ1/(1.
B //1'11".
1 SPEAKING
Finding out if people know each other
/I"re 'I'"! III''' !}(','II illlmrl//('('(I." und 11'1'
luucnt !)(,I'II iutrodnc.«! sound too lormul for
this partk-ul.ir situatiou
/I(/(!I/"" IIII'I 1'I11'!1 "I!II'I" SOlllllls r.itlu-r
for this kind of ;lIleractioll.
2.0 page 7
A lormul: I"\el 'j
IISI' 01':\11" alld ,\Iiss, I ,('(III!d lil«: I" int rotluii'
1/"" I" and till' 1"lm'ssioll /I",,' rI" 1/"" rlo:
('OIlU'\l: possihl:" two c-x.uniucrs and two
calldidall's.
Bless Iunuul: 1<,\'(,1 :) I-J
Ilse of first "'"IlI'S .u«! l.uuil. 1""Il('S, G""rI
morlling alld u.tt:
c-outr-xt: jlossihl:' two ('XaJllill('rs alld two
ealldidatl's.
C inforruul. le\'('1 I 1:2
"'" of lirst n.uur-s ollh .uu! ur I!II'/'I'.' j
c-ontrxt: I'0ssihh 1(,,", stlldellis.
1.0 page 6
2.2 page 7
2.1 page 7
Sllggestl'd t011l' 01'"'PI'l'SS;OIlS:
I 1'>rIllal :2 li>rlllal :) less I(mllal
-J I"" fonllal hilt willi first n.nuc-s 0111\
'j illl(mllal (i inlormul
145
Key
• Module 2A
1.1 page 17
2.1 paqo 18
I mul lu-mutic« :2 (:Ilic(l,gu :) -; (;rat!(' ',Y
l lllatiis alld ('Olllplltill,g ,) Illatlls () AllIerica
-; .ur: g()od at S ltlakillg hig d('cisiol\s
Disagn'eing polilely
rOil IUllsl IJI' jl/kill:.!..' alld Yo/{ COli 't IJI' ,,'l'l'lI/li,,'
sOlllHI ratlH'l: il1slIlting alld disliliss th(' other
p{'rsol1 '."I poillt or "it'\\",
All th" ot IlI'r I"pn'ssiollS art' ilion' diplomat it'.
Suggested allS\H'fS are gi\"('11 Ior eac!l c-xt ruct ill
tho orde-r: sp"akn, souu.]. pl:««. xit uatinu.
I re-porter
aircran tablll'; oil or lallding
airport
possibh- a xtril«: or disruption oJ'SI'I'Ii,"'s
:? mot orist
traffi«
possihl:' a 1lIOlol\\'a:
car hrokr-u dO\lll
,) car owur-r
car al.mu
possibh a car park
car O"'lH'I' apprel){,lldillg d tllief WIIO is
llfeakillg into llis car
--J- at a larg(' st()r('
crackl" .u«! tOIlI' oJ' a pulilir- addn'ss SI'st"1I1
sllpentlarkd or d(var11l}('llt S!()]"('
allot lu-r "1111'10\('" is 11I'ing "all"d, possibil to
lnlp ('\c!lallg(' goods
.) sports ('tl!T('SIHlIH!('llt
!, lOtI> all no\\d
larg(' l"oothdl ,groulld
impnrtaut fooll""] IlIatl'l ,
h dog ()\\'IH'!"
c1lildn'lI pialilll';
park
()\\-llIT tJlnl\\'ill,g it stick I()], tIl(' d(),12; to run
an'T, IlI'ar" c1,i]dr('II's pialgrolllill
2.0 page 24
I" 2 I> .s . I" .J
3.0 page 25
1.1 page 24
2.1 page 24
I .\ I'rtllt'st allllllt 11I'ol'l" IlI'ilig 1111'1 'atl'lII'd \l'illl
{'\ictiol1 l"r()Jtl tl}{'ir IwltH's \)('('<lIIS(' ol"a
prop{)s('(11I('\\ road.
.) \11 ,,,II,,rt J(lI' <I trip ill a IlIll <lir "allooll.
,) :\11 ;Hhrrt lilr a 11t'\\' \;WlI1l11ICI{';1Ill'r \vllidl
call do 111<'111 din"rt'llt jo"s.
A finallcial nvort al)(Hlt a (,(Jlllpilll: alHlIJ! lo
,L:;() hatlkrllpt.
,S :\11 allIl0111\l'('lllt'llt sit\illg Ilia! a sllort IlCllida\
ill J )ollalld "il] ill"'"'-!" all "\('lIrsioll to SIT tL"
hllll, [tlllip[ lil,I,Ls "llI'n' till' lIo\\('LS art'

l'ossi"I" h'l "ords <lrt' III<1rk"d Oil till' t<lp('s"ril't
Ull page t:;(),
Finding oul ahout ('orrel'l spelling
a HC()lIl1l11Hlatitlll a('('(lltlll}(Hlati(lIl
h cOllSei"lll"''/ e 11I'1I"'it('(1 ,/ or !lI'lI"'itt"d
d prul'('ssiollal ./ (' gall,L!;{' ./
f (lIdli:1ITa."lIlt lit ('lllhanaSSllll'lIt
g "Olllpar<lhll''/ 11 d"",'ill'
i 1'01lrt('OllS./ .i g1Jarallt('(' ./
i k \\llI'tlll'r, \\"atlll'r
] 11ILSilll'SS "' I,'asihl" ,/
II aeclIStolll,'d ,/
3.2 page 20
Speeulating about whal you hear
SOUl/d), + adj('diH', c.g. sound,' slr(IIJ:!.('
sO"/lIls like nOlin, ".g. SO,,"r/1 like fI plfl"l'
)'ollllds (IS + s{'ntl'IlCl'. e.g, SOlll/d)· {IS
SO}/U'O/ll' is f(/lkil/fl,
3.1 page 20
Finding oul if everyone agrees
\\'1'11. IlwI's Ilwl IIII'll.' Sllllllds ratlll'r disll,issil"
alld 11'1' illfonllal.
It Icollid {{/'/}('flr Ilwl II'I' fin' ill ''()In/,11'f1'
(/f.!"n'l'/!!l'III. sOllllds rat!){'r too fOl"lllal Ii)], tllis
killd or dis(,1IssiO!l.
So Il'l,'n' (/gr('('r! 01/ .
It looks flS if 11'1' fill fI.:!.rl" , IIwl .
CfllI I Iflk,,'if Ilwl /TITIIO'II' fI:!.n','s 111Ir! . I
\n' ICt' 01/ ill (/Ur(,(,I/!l'III."..J I
"\\ '(' (']J])('(lr to Oil ('ould IH' us{'d
diplolllaticalis to dra\\ a disClIssioll to a cloSl'.
Commenting on something you know :
nothing about
l luu:« {{ s,/{'{{king",s/'idon ilutt conld
Sll,g,g('st that :'011 an' al iout to c-ritici.«: SOIlI('Oll('
or SOilIt't1 lillg.
,'-,'('(/rell nu:'
l lrnrnt {{ ,-I"I'.'SllIlI,,1 ofl-Iumduud hi] to
d"l "lop till' iutc-r.utiou. This pn'I"lIls rillu-r
stUd('llt Irmn (,{llltilllling tIl(' C{)IIH'rsatioll .nnl
tlII1Sshowin« what tlll'\ "all do ill ElIl';lisll. It
"o,"d also ol1"lId till' l;t]lI'r pl'LSOII'
YOII IIll1St lak,' "I' "11'1'1 oppmtllllill ill .u:
inte-rvie-wsituation to SilO'" tlH' r-x.uuiu.-r \dlat
\011 "all If till' e-xamine-r has askl'd \011 a
;l'lI'stioll. SOIlIl' n'spllllS" will I«. "'p"l'l"d.\
'xlnn-clowu' not Ollis lilah,s ]iI"
dilli"I"t !'"' till' 1'\<lIl1illl'r, it j,'opardiSl'.s 10m
l'klll('(IS of SllC('{'SS!
2 LISTENING
Admitting that you might be mistaken
. \11 righl - '1011 lein.' sounds rather d"fpatist
and would bc llSl,d at th" "nd of an argnnwllt.
Fair ,'no"gll.' is colloquial am] "onc"dcs that
th« other p"rson has a point.
[/'{lIln'l '1IIllI:!.I,' of in that IUUI-
COli/{' 10 tlnnl: or it '1011 /!Iidll 1)(' riglll
[ n/llsi aclmlt it's In;,' II"I!
I I SIlIJIJOSl' uour« right, are all used to sll,L!;,gest
that von might possiblv ha\c mad" a mistuk«.
rOll'rl' (Illite rig]«. .ulmit« qllite
fn'(']:' that yOll wcn' \\Tong,
1.0 page 23
nToilillg
,'i dej"cted
Exprc·ssing I' ...·fe'·enees
I/O ('O/lIJ)Ol'isO/I !WfIU'l'lI . aucl
sOIlI"ls lik,' a Silllpll' cout r.ixt hilt "'pITSSl'S a
\rl":" strollg pr('!<'f('lllT.
Civ.: /I/(' (11/11 tlnu:' is tllOn' colloqllial and
wOllld Ill' llsed ill all iulnrma] (·oll\rrsatioll.
Asking for the opinion of others
:\/111 C(lIJ/Jl/cJlfs.'.J is ottr-n usc-cl 'Y!H'II addressing
a g;'ollp of 1'''01']'' ill a mori- I(>nnal situation
c'.g. a llH't'tillg.
H"oult! 'loll ('{/rl' to ('O/lIlJ/{'U{ Ull .
\F/llil II;'" Ilo"r I'il'les 0". car" oltc-u usccl
",1]('11 all iuclividual ill a more-
!()r111al sitllatioll' ('.g.. a T\" intr-rvir-«: wit]: a
politi"iall.
\1'/1111/ u.« abou!
\Vo"ld '10" IIgrl'l' «ut, 111111."
1I'IIII!"s '10111' 0l,;"io".o
\\'/,111 do '10" iliiul: ..0 an' ilion' sllitahl" Ior
all ill!(lI"Jt;,tl ('\ckUlg(' of idt'as.
2.3 page 19
\IOIH':" proillpl('d SiIlHlIl"S decision to Ill0\'(' ill
Iq,'ifi: till' iutc-rvirvvc-r said III' \\as part ofllll'
'hrain drain' -- til{' ('IIJigratioll or ill\{'lligellt
pl'ople to allotlwr ('011 II ! 1':' to ('al'II ilion' 1l101H':
or gl'! a h"!t,,r joll - alII! Silllllll l,illlS"I!' said ·tlll'
IIlOIl{':' orkred til 11](' ill AIIH'rie;l pn)\!'d
illlpossih]" lo rt'sis!.'
II" h"'I" ill 10111,11 witl, I'is fri,,"ds I" lISillg
,,-mail it'1"l'!rolli" IIlaill '"l1llislt'llillg to till'
BB(:
2.2 page 18
tr\,Ol1 are 111lSl1re ahollt tIl<' pnlllllll('iatioll, word
Stl:('SS or 11]('allill,L!; lilr ,111\ oftllt's(' "'onls, ('OIISlllt
till' (hjiJ}·tI .\tlllIJ}el'd 1"'lIn/{,/,', f)idio/{{u"!.
3.0 page 19
n'wards :2 gritill :1 !H'dg('
:') poor (-) \agl](, - h(,li{'\,('
r"sist 10 lIail
Th" IIII'!hods ill th" pictllr"s fill' cOllll'arisoll ar,,:
stlld,,,illg a!olH', Ill' witli a pri\'at(' t{'aeller; training
witll a "Olllllll!<'L or practical ('\pni"llcI' ill th"
workpla('(I: trainillg wi!h a small or large group of
1'''01']'''
These ar" thc sounds. 1'011 can llIak" \'Our 0\1'11
suggcstions about where yOll lnight tlwlll.
1 ellgag"d tclephon" signa] 2 pn"ulllatic drill
:3 Ia\l'n llll1\\pr cntting grass "' car brakes
s(T"cdling .5 helico'pter 6 background
chattpr at a parts' -;- Lms scrpallling at a rock
COllccrt H \\"ashing lllachillc
q glass snwshing 10 a dog barking
Thes" ar" till' possih],' sp"lIillgs of till' words Oil
th" tap". CSI' a dictioll'UY to clll'"k till' lll"allillgs.
t ('ciling / scalillg :? S('i/,(, / seas / s('('s
:3 tl'ar / til'r -t roll / ro]" ,') storY / stor"y
6 lIa\\ / floor -;- kllow / 111' ,<; tl;nw / tll'rollgll
q \H'ig!lt / \\ait III IlI'ar / I,art' II ,,!lOOSI' /
eh,,\\'s 12 p"ar / pai r / par"
146
Module 28 • Key
SallH'
1.2 page 34
page 34 1.1
1 Wl'lwnl (>1 )ol'k (;ilill('d Hill/In III I'ilill I,",
n'<L orallg(', :rll()\\', gn'{'II, I,]!){,. illdig() alld
viII!',t
,J SlIlwr .Iltlll lId!", hiTI/ (J,II' I'or !aK"s
SnpnillL \li('llig/lIl. IllIl'oli. I':ri,' :lIlt! Olltario
:j Cali/iJrllia, c\riWII/l. 's,'w \!,'\i(,11 allt! Tnas
-I II'('//. I.\/lisl .Yol .I/is/l'l/d 1m \\'as!lillgto",
Idaho, \11I11t/llla. 'sortl, DaKllta, alltl
\Jinllt'sllta
Brilisl, l'dro/""lIi 1,,1' Bolivia /lIltll'araglla}
3.1 page 31
1 B :2 A :j C -+ C
3.2 page 32
1.0 page 34
1 11111
,} ('o]ollrs fJftlJ(' raildH)\\
:j Cn'at Lak,'s Ill' 'sllrtl, AIIlI'ri"a
l'S stall's w!liel, !ronln \I"\ic'o
.) l'S slaks !rmd"rillg (::I":lda
() (:lIlclIl,[,ia
.... Ecuador
a ('O'Lst!;llt'
rlivt 11111
---- ------
point of view
S/in-l,/,/oll 1'1/11'1 ''<'rtill/ I)('/il'l " ...c alld Look.
lIoI,od,/ ill I/lI'ir rig/II mitu] uouli] tlunl: tlut!..
s()lIJ1d illSllltillg.
possihle ,1llS\\rrS
a \1;\'1' Iw('st to "'Lst)
!r Sl:F or (Slllltil til lIortlll l!SF
Exam practice page 33
1 d"('K "I,air ,J IItlll'r 1I:1lillllS :l driv" (V"I'\')
sl()\\"h Oil 11j()lIlltaill roads !()()t!
() (,olliplaill -;- S,,"tlalld ,,, I'ri"lIdlv
U a (';UIHTa III (Ill(' 1latiClIl / ()II{' {'()IIlltr\ / t!J('
3.0 page 31
a having a !rail
h around und.-r :-0111' O\V1\ st('aJlI
e leaving all VIIIll' troulilcx 1)('I,i1ld von
i Ad"ising someone (not) to do something
Oil I/O accouul should !/Oll. "i()llIHls too
impersollal <lilt! too fOrJlla1.
'You'd /)(' cur::'!I!wl t., 'solll)(ls \('I"\' Luuiliur
and SllIlll'w,l,at on,'nsiv,'.
'1\'/,,/ Oil caril, clou 'I ,/O" . c' sllnnds ,,"!I",!nia!
and 'sJlg,gcsts t lr.it t l u- speaker i"i irritutrd.
'II's Ilig/ilill/i' '/011 did: . . illlp!;"S tJ,;tl till'
lixtcin-r lias not lxc-n doillg tlu: rig]Jt tllillg.
)""1 eonld "'"llp!l'l" till' SI'lIt"IIC'" I'd
n'('(J/lII/If'//(! \\"itlL for (";Ullpl(', II/('
()}J}J()Si(f' flit' ti ucnu; or tluit 'l'"! ISI/Oflld) i!.(} In
tlutt cnu
SlIgg('st('d ,1lIS\\'{'rs
a VClllllg p""p!" OIl s('!tollll,ll!idavs
h and alllusing aHit<'ratioJ) alH! r11:"llJing.
l'.g. I)·orilli!. ill eorilli!.. c!/('l',\'l'd (df ill CIIC,'.;/lin',
,ll;d ill!clrJllaL dlatt:", 't<'{'llagc' st:·](' lallgllag(',
{'.g. (fCl' '\'jwrls
(' \'O\IIW tn'lIdies - \UIIII{r p('ople \dlu lih(' to
trl'llds ill i': faslliollahle, ('.g. ill
activiti"s alld dotllt's
d ,,"tl"lSiast;(' 'sporls' tv'P('s
2.0 page 30
a [':,('Ltg,' !tolidav
,) a (1""'-s!lar,, pr('p('rtv
:j all is!alld crt'lisc'
-+ a Ir:lrgaill Im'aK
C) a t h('1I1t' parK
() a (,I'dtmal tom
- a dlllp sit<-
;, a tc'lllrist trip
9 a f1\-drfvC' h(,!tdav
10 a rillllill trip
2.1 page 31
a :2 ti('Ks ti('Ks (' -+ ti('Ks d:2 ti('Ks
" () ticks f:2 ticks
A!! th" ill!'l1'lliatillll is wli'!T"d to sev'eral tilill'S
hilt the illiportant infcl1'lllation vdlich it wants th"
Iistl'lIn to r"""'III!r"r alld Ire attracted IlV' is
r"peated 1II0st often this is part of the scllillg
technic!'l('.
1.4 page 30
1.0 page 29
1 !tiKing :2 pOIl\-t n 'KKing :j divillg
--l hot air hal1oo11ill,e; canoeing
t ou Llst-1I1OVillg t urhulr-ut rivtrs : () pllt-holillg
7 ],Ullg{T jUlllpillg (jll111pillg {rom a high plac{\
IIsllallv'· a l;ridge or ,; c-r.uu-. attach"d to all elastic
roP" I' :Il']';,bi('s
1.2 and 1.3 pages 29 and 30
,\\('tivitv
B FlalT
c: (:os(
I) For Iurtlnr inlunu.uio»
I .\r('h,,1'\
:2 anlT+ 1'.111.
.) Swiudou
.+ oHi",' IIIlIlrs
,'j S\'ll(']lrollis(,d S\\'illlllJiIl,g
(-) a;llllI<.d sllhscriptioJl
- sLllllp"d addn'sSl'i/ "IIH,llIp"
;, [I() a dav
D Balln)(lIl'l dall('illg
III \lidd!"Sl'\
10 more- than I ove-r !300,OOO I three hundred
thousand objects
11 thanked
1:2 the law'
1.1 page 29
pot-llOlill,g, hIlJlg('{' ,jllJllping and .u-rohic-x alT
unutiouc-d.
LtrllH'r
:2 (AI)) :lS:j
:j (s"['''rtllarKI'I) plasti" hags
-I !tis (lIwlII lalld
5 ili/'lI'Illt'd tilt' alltl,oriti"s
() prOSl't'lltiOI\
- rarttl tll"ls
S dig IIp
D d""lan' t!t"ir disc'ov"ri"s
Exam practice page 28
4.0 page 26
I Bolalld B!O"III
,) % IWiO
,j lini,'s
-l ow,'d ha('k-ta,,"s
/) prop"rtv
() its (']oslln'
.... gas li,e;llt
S til(' gnllllld lIoor tllnT-store: to\\"IIIIOIlSl'
q illtat'l
to \"('n' cross it's Ill1fair
3.1 page 26
Ir'cl! /reu/ Silr'lIt 1': Oil th" "lid of a word
IlIaK"S til(' v()\n'! ill lront souucl as it do"s ill
th" a!phalwt, i.i-. 1('11 Ii:! /ai/ IJul Ijll:1
:2 Ira ttl /'ntJnl III '"I('-S\!lahlc worcls with a
xliort vum,l SOIIlIl!. ,[Ull],!c' tlu- last «onsonunt
!wfor(' addillg all cllding !WgiTlIlillg with a
vowe-l.
:j /konsi.t/ /bi'li.v/ I Iwl,)('(' F. vd1l'1I thr- xouuc] is
'",e "\lTpt an"r C. Sci:« is all "\(,"ptiull tu
tllis rlll"l
18ru:! /r.vl.' /'8.\1';>1 Tll('n' is 110 rule- I,", this
01lc!
5 /'nnlldi;>oll /nxi.vohl/ /'nJutISJol/ K""p til('
lina] r wll('l1 addillg ,,"dings to klTp tlu- lsi
or Icl/ SOlllllls Oil words "lIdillg ill C/': und
Cl: ([;111"." till' "llIlillg Iwgills wit]: F. lor
n
(i /c ll/ /elvz/ 10,'li:1/ /hr'li.Ix/ \\'11('11 a wunl "llIls
ill l'. (,liang" tll('!" lu IF Iwli)('(, addillg ,'i.
Iwli'I is all "\I"'plioll
l
- Ip;>'tett;>ut! Ipi:',cn;>ul Ipi:':cnJoz!
S()11H' IHlllllS ('luHllg ill () add FS ill til('
pima! liut Slllll(' ,illst add S. (:1111111111111v 1IS"d
words assilllilakd into EIlglisl1 add F....,· c.g.
/JOf(/{u(',\', I"ss ('(lllllll(lll word;.; add S {'"g.
Ilia/Ill,\,.
S Ifr,u//'frall!]1 II'a Will'll "lids ill a ('OIlSIlIl/lItl
pillS L l'!1/11 Ig" tl,,') til I!wl,)('(' addillg .ur,
{,lIdillg Illdl'SS til(' ('lldill,g lH'gillS \\illl I.
q IIk'si:dl 1I11'lIstl T!,,' sOlllld lsi is w,-itkll C
an"r.\ hilt III(' sOlllld 1;/ n',!"ir"s 1111 C,
10 /'kwnr;>11 l'kvmr;>Idl 'I'll(' 11'l1"r V IIII1SI alwavs
Ill' l'lll()\v'('[lllV ( p!IISa v11m'!. III words of
IlIlIn' tl,all 1111" svlIah!,', if III(' !asl svllahlr'
"lids ill '""' vow;'lpllls L, ('.g. I':L, ,IL, 111('11
till' I, is dllllhl"d Iwl()('(, addilrg all ,,"di"g
Ilt'gillllill,g \\'illl a \,()\\"(,L l'.g. riud/cd.
fJ"flrl'l!iJli!,.
1I hk"cdJlllIl hknlll;>'delfn/ \lml wllrds
!H',gillilill,g ,,'itll tl\(' SOlllids /;It'k/ or /;)k/ arc
slw!t ,\CC. hilI 'IUllli'lIlI/ is all "\('''ptillil.
1:2 Il11a,l/ /'l11aIi'd;1 K,'"p III(' lillal I': wlll'lI addillg
(,Ildille;s to l!lahe til(' It walling ('Il'i.lr and a\"{)id
e.g. dYI' - dycilJ,<..!" luN'-
I/(N'illi!.
147
Key
• Module 20
2.1 page 35
B
I Il C ,) I) (Il
illll"'o!,,",I,,
alll]().sl ('tTlaili
al tttost ('{'rtaill
ill'l'rollalll('
possil Ii(,
al ttlllsi ('( -rt.uu
pllssil,l,.
Exam practice page 42
III ,31) (iE 7\ 'it: UB
1lit:
(,Olllp!t'li(lIIS
I dOI/I,( II'I/{'{I/{'I + St'III"II"", ",i!., UIIIi'('()/II('
1'/11 houucl 10 + inliuitivt. ('.g I)('('()/I/('
Tlurr» !.!,o(ld '-/UI/W(' of +
nu: / /II.'IIW('I!/IIIII,l.!..
rlwu'"-\ Ill! dOIlI)1 iii /l1//lJliJ/(I'I'!/(/ls(!('I"IT 11/(/1
+ S('llt('ll('('.
1-\!w/{/r!II'llw -\/lrjJ!'is('(/ iF t Sf'IlI<'I}('(', ('.g_
I Iw('( IIJ/(' / 1)(,(,(/11/1'
1'/11 (t/)so/lIld.'l ('(llIl'il/('ed 11/(/1 + s('IlIc'll('(', (
UIIIi''''I/1II'
rlwrt,-s l'IT!! litt/i' (-IUI/l('(' + ('.g_ Ji/f'
/II.'II)(,f'lJ//Iill!.!.,
3 SPEAKING
1.0 page 43
fi-lO Do \'111I 1I111!(']'stalld wl,at vnur lillllil\ and /
or friends ;Jr(' la]king about all tfll'
11-1:) Y'"I art' a reasollahls "rll-adjLlst('(!
1I11'1lI])('r of 0]]]' n'-ohses,,';! soeiets.
lfi-21 Llll"ss all vour fri"lIIls an';" TV crazv as
voursr-lf \U1l to \\'orn- S('riOll.sk -'
'ahollt \o'm socia] ]il'", -\lId l,o,,",S vour
YOII an' a T\' L",ati,', a l,i-I"eI, cOII(,I,
polato, Dont \011 I,a\(' .ur,
: Talking ahout ccrtuintv, possihility and
improbabilitv.
I iloul)! uhctlu:
rJJl !Jll/IIU! II!
f!UT("\, flfuir!!/ !.!,I!or! '-/UlI/O'
or
//0 dou!JI ill uut muu]
II'!uIIs(!("-(TII/(/1
I I/"'I/Id" '( Iii' I" /jll'i,,'d i]
lin "I"ol"/i'!J1 conrhurtl
(I",{ ,
Tlurc» ",},'I littl.: "III/I/{'" 01
disapprll\" :l al'prm('
1I1'IIlrai fi disappro\'l'
disapprll\" ') al'l'rm,'
2.1 page 39
2.0 page 39
I disapprm('
,I al'l'rll\(' ,J
, apl'rm,' <;
1.2 page 39
1 1',.,.] ahout pa\illg ripped off :3]l\ t]1I'
rdaill'rs, -i ilion' or less lilir. ,3 are (""'aI"
fi pili \'1)11 olf 7 :\01 at all'<; :\01 ]'('all\'
'J 1""'11 10 gl'ls horillg II lour to / all;! sis
"reb, I than l\So \\'I'lls,
-\1IS\\'I'rs I, :3, -i. fi. 10 .md 11 III'('ded
l'lltlllgillg or plItting into a dillt'f('lIt ('Olltt'\!.
B
I B D
Exam practice page 37
1 B :31) -iC ;).1.
2,2 page 40
I cOlISole ,) slridls ,l liol"lIt ,j eOlldlld"d
.3 figlltillg () !lotTO\\
B Encourage him to he 1110]'(' honest with
her,
e: Give him a deadline to prodllee the
111011('\'.
D Ask him directly when she call exped a
contribution. '
,1IlS\\rrS
I pare-nt :2 doctor :; h'{'lI'H.!:('r l U'('ll<l1!:('r
\'id('o m.mufuctnn-r () pan'llt 7 "ide()
mauul.u-tun-r H t('{'Il'H.!:('r
1'1'111' polic('II"11I is 1101 lISed,
\\'ords wlliell 111']1' id"lItil, 1\It' sp,·ak,'r.s
I childrru :2 IJ(/Ii('uls /
.11"0/1/ ))!lolo'\'l'J/silil'c l'jJi!"jJsy' :3 rnut slojJ
jJf(fyill(;!. l lil«: illrilill;!...li-il,"ds ,3 on/I')"
n'IJ/(f('('IIIl'lIls () j}('oIJ/{' / I / nllr III>IISI'.
-; \\'" / 0/11' i!.II//I('\ /1/1,11' 1-!,ilrll'('1/ S 1I/,.,licl/l
n's('(frCII I[,{,'I'(, I)('i'll c(fl"ryill!-!. (llll 1/ I}(JII;.!.!il /
('xciii II:.!,
SOlllHIs II/(' {I'I coutracli«! !lOll but .
too [ormul.
2.0 page 35
A Suggested ,lIls\\"('rs
'5 The British are happier using a pcrsons
first name.
6 Americans like I)('illg asked personal
questions.
- 1'011should analvse vour own stvle of
speaki1lg caref1lJi\, . .
B
I :\0 Yes :l Yes -i:\o ,):\0 6 Yes
7 Yes
Correcting what is not accurate
'U,1I1's IIlw,II/{" nthliis}:' sOllll(ls ubrupt and
rud.-.
3.0 page 35
A Sll,e;g('s!t'd \\'ortls to IJi,\!;ldight
,) \\'11('11 a 1110111('1' asked II('J' adult SOil, ,,1,0 I,ad
a [nll-f irur- jol" 10 eOlllrihlllt' to til(' 1"'"Sl,II(,]d
('sl)(,IlSl'\, "htt did II(' do:
J
:\ II<- moved illlo a plac(' or I,is 0"",
Il II<- rel'J('lalllls ag,'eed to pay n-ut.
(: II<- pretended IJ(' had not heard lur
I) II,· len til(' mutter 01"'11,
,( \\'I,al is II", dil'l"""IlC(' Il('t"("'1l girl.s' '''I(I
bovs couv.-rsutioual sl\'I,'s"
/\ Boys gi\,(' ..ls dinT! l'Ollllllands.
Il Cit'ls gl'l tlJ('ir 0\\'11 "a\ I" making
suggestions.
C Boys gi\(' eaeh othet' options ,,1"'11
deciding wklt to do,
I) Girls an' mlll'e Iikelv to 1)(' asset'live !I,all
h()\'s. .
Co....ectcd statements
It Iligl"iglils til(' dil'l"""lle('s l)('t\\'('('11 I/Ial<'
alld li'lIlal(' stdl's (II'(,(lIl\rrsatioll.
1'.1('11 Sl'('111 dis!;,"t l)('callSl' tll('\ rail to realise
tlu- Il('('d Ii,r '[uunau illlt',..'st' (I'J('StiolLS,
:) '1'1)(' Ilrilisl, 1i'('1 Ililcollde,rtahle lLSill,g a
jlt'rsoll's first nau«: straigllta\\-a\".
"
,)
Ie) ()
(e) ()
(el
,J
(cl :3
(el .3
2.0 page 44
Interpt'eting past ideas
It is U'(/,\'o/luIJ/i' III (/SS/fJIII' 111Ii/1!.!,!il IU;'
'l'o"ld / ,"idl{ , St,""ds I'orllial alill rallll'r
ill'l)('rsolla!.
Dat"s till' pidlJrl's \\I'n' pllhlislll'd',
T,',"h'l' 1 Stn'!'! Cit\ I')U:)
3.1 page 36
III til(' first ('.\c!l;lIlg<' tlw ('Illp!():"l'(, agnTs to
thi1lk ahollt Il('lpillg, 1101 to 11('11', I,"t the
('Illplm'('r assllll"'s Ihat Ill' has agn'ed to I,elp,
III till' s('('()IHI (,\l'iJ<.Ulg{' til(' lllotlwr aSSllIlH'S !l('r
SOil lias agn'ed 10 pa\ as II(' "ill Ollis 1)(' Ihen' lill'
a shorl lilll(" \\'I,ile the SOil lias Ill('n'ls
ack1lo\\'ledg,·d 1]1(' ",d Il,at slJ(' has I,illl
alld 1,'('ls II(' has 1101 agreed to amll,i1lg,
3.2 page 36
A Sll,t!;,t!;(·s!(·d illl()rJlIatioll to
1 Ilow sholl]d IIII' cake slll'p 0\\'111']' gi\'l' orders
to till' IIlale "1111'111\ (.,,'J
A Insist Ihat III' he]ps ,,'ith till' imoicillg,
B Politelv telll,ill' ,'sadls \\'hat she \\'allts
hilll 10 ;10, '
(: hilll mrr a period or tilll(' to do
\\'hat she """lIs,
1) Ask Ililll dit'ectIY !II' won't do \dJat
S]II' asks, '
Ilow sholl]d the IlIotlll'r deal "ith her SOIl'J
A Insist that III' IlIlIIO]]]'S her ,,'ishes,
2.3 page 40
1-.-+ (' I' k I, ill all\ ordl'r
,"5-() l' ill illl\
j
,S-IO h d i!. ill all\ order
(1 is !lot llsedl
3.0 and 3,1 pages 41 and 42
See tap,'seript Oil pag' , 1:).1,
3.2 page 42
110\\' TO SCOHF
I Score one lell' each
,) la) () (hi
.3 (al 1 (hl.3
-i (al.3 (hi 1
;3 (al () (hl.3
6 (al ,J (hi ()
(al () (hi 1
h Score Olll' f(ll' each
\nIAT YOUH SCORE .\IEA'\S
()-,3 Yonr alltipaths to tl']e\'ision is sOlne,,'hat
e\treme'
3.0 page 45
1)
3.1 page 45
] fill a]
I,ist(/rica]
:3 apoca]<ptic
-i eapahilit\
;) (,l'tlla]1s'
(i e(lkll";ted
- rl'tali"ltioll
lill:dit\
1j
ap()('alspsl'
('('pal ,I"
adll,ilits
cakll"',tioll
rl'l"]iat,,
(i Y
148
Module 3B • Key
1.2 page 49
2.1 page 51
is r;]tIl<'r a],r"l'l I ('/lIl/rllI"t ('(In' less ol)(llIt
a"d rt"le.
3.2 page 54
rc: :2E ,3.\+1) :5C
4.1 page 55
an' nol interested
isnt III!! khu! o(t/lilll-!. ot oIl s()II1l<ls \('1'.'
;"I')]'("al.
Comparing
Oil (I/(' Icl",Ii' Ji'l (//IIlllIr;!.(' I)]",U'

COIIIC off it.' TI/{'rc',\}W (,OIIlJJrlri,<""OIl
1 IJc!n'l'l';I' rat!l('r rlld(' alld dislllissiv('
4.2 page 56
1.0 page 58
Summing up
J)osi('(t/ly. it; 0 (I,u'sti/ll/ o( ulutlu-r
, two I'0ssi],ilili,·s.
i ,r.·,o, to S/iIJ/ "I) . 11Ii,!..!;IJt 1)(' 11."1('<1 ant'!" r.itlur a
l.l( '11!..!;t II.' dis(,llssiClII.
TIl(' pidll]"(' ix ;uh"('rti.sin!..!; 1IICld('1"1l 1111l,"li('.
".i!"('/()rJllS - Illilll1l('s or (Jr!..!;alli(' S(JllIlds('apt's
rf'd('fil1iJl!..!; (,h'('!]"(lllic 1110d('fl1 classi('al .uul ii.-ut
It is ;]lailal,I" 0" (:1) .uul e;]ss<'tt,'.
Explaining how you feel about something
'("IJ<' I"I/"'I( / Till' [act is are "ftc" IlS('d
i lH'!(l]"(' a pt'rs{)llal '('ClIJ!('ssiClII'.
111\"(,lltO!\

l,fst,1l'I
1'1'lhli;11
'( HIS
\arl('t,
llH'H!l'rah'
llla!.!;IH"til'
2.2 page 51

:2 "'I'Llill,'d
,) Ilisklric
public.it iou

() \-,lri{)\ls
- II}(H!{'r,'ttioll
,I.)
Sllgg('su'd ;U1S\\"{'rs
Bril':lltOII ill\('lIll'd tl«- s<'aside.
:2 \ dodor wrot« ahollt til(' ,uhalltag{'S of sea
w.ur-r lor tl", I"'altll.
.J Ellter til(' cold watr-r aod drillk a pillt of il.
To ('III'<' illll"ss,'s.
.J B,'('allS" tl", wulc-r IIlil':llt I", polhlt",1
fi 01""'11 \'il'ioria sold t!1(' Hmal I'uviliou.
Sl", 1",1,'.1 Brigltloll .u«! tl,,: ['1'011 .Is "I' p""I'I"
oear 111",1'<' sl", liv.«].
,\s a "real pala(',' ,,1'1'1111.
2.0 page 50
1'1", Bril':htoll Ikacllpil'illr" lI'as drall'll ill
I Giving yourself time to think
· 1111'1'1' cant 1",[(' 1,1'('''
· 11/1'1'1' iuust 1111['(' IWI'II oflc-r'I lo"ical

11/('1'(' lI,id'( 1",['1'1)('('11 .
· (I"'!'I' could 1",['1'IWI'II. oil,'!' a pOSSible

.111('1'1' IIIIdlillll,('lw('lI.
It is jllst pOSSible th.u this k'PP("H"1.
.. 111I'}'i' 1'Il"'( 11I1l'<' hccn .
Smell this didld hapl"'1I
· O;,'}'(' ""IS( 1111 l'< , lrccn .
Sm,'11 tllis happ"IH'd
· tlun- conld lun» lu-rn
It is jllSt p",sibl,' that this hap]H'lled.
Exp"essing wishes and regn·ts
I(ollllj I uisl! , l l ou: I uisl: ' c-an Iw
1"llmled I" tlu- I'ast I"'rti'd, ll«: I'ast Si"'I'I",
t\1(' Past (:;lllliIlIHllIS, coulc! hut lIO! uoulil. ('.g.
II""I! II'() id,,",'
I didi 11'1 do
/ lUIS / 11'('1"('.: 1/'11 I doiu!.!,'
I ('(lIdd ,,10
1I1ilii is I'arl "f' a I'asl (',,,,,lili'"lal: I(II"'d
or 111111 I n'II!i:I'd, I uoultl '"'11'11",1'" I,o"d'l
11/1' 1'1/1', i I'asl 1'<'11','('1 f I'asl (:olldili""al!
1(0111'1, , a"d 1IIIII' II";\!, S<"'1I1 10 II(' tl,,'
lll()st {'\pr{'ssi\'('.
5.0 page 47
3.2 page 45
I wh.u would \,a", happel\('d if the 1!¥i:2
Cuh.m misxil« nisis Ilad «,<'I"lnl ove-r the
('<I (t(' ''>
:2 wouk! Ilal" hal'l"'''ed if Ihe US had
earried ""I its thr.-at to hOI"h the Sm'i<'l
111 issi!{' sitl's'.J
:, \\'Ilat 1I01iid hal(' Ilal'l"'II,'d if "dlS"'l"""t
r<'laliali'"1 Ilad take'li I'lace')
,+ \\'Ilal ","dd Iiale Ilapl"'II,'d ii' IIla"ki"d lr.idut
ill\"IIl<'d tl\(' 11'1\(',.['0
,J \\'I,al "'"lld l"I\"I"'I'I"',,ed iidiuusuurx
luulnI 11("'" lIil'ed ,,"l',)
(i \\'I,alwo"ld I,al" Ilal'l"'II,'d if tl«: 11,1",1"
1111111<111 r.n«: kH! rClllaill('<!
- \\'hal 1I01iid Ilal" Ilal'l'('II",1 ilpr-uicilliu
hadut h.-c-n di,,'m"ln!'"
S \\""tt wOlild Ilal" Ilal'll('",'d if ot lu-r .mim.rl«
had d"I('I"I','d tl\(' ""11" ililellil':"lll'" as
1111111<111
4.1 page 46
I casll 1111111' S""1 :2 Iral('l alanll ('1m.].;
:1 t('!qlllO!W allS\\rrillg lludlilH' S<l\r £::2:1 a
IIIOllt I, ;, Iuturr: I'""fits (i inll.uion
3.0 page 52
2.0 page 59
1.0 page 48
Silllilarili,'s: Ill(' ('IIIIITI, alld til(' t""11 1",11.
Dif'I''!'('II('('S: II\(' [;1I"ls('al'e, IralTi(' Sil':IIS, /"hra
('f(lssill,g, car, \\'ar l11('IIHlrial.
1.1 page 49
\Va"s of linking eontntsting ideas
1I111"olll':l, / 1/I'1',.,.(I/I'le" 1I("dd II(' less
al'l'''''l'rial" till' d"S<Tibill" til(' dilf,']'['"c,'s
11('111""'" III(' til" I'idllr('s, allho"gll tl\('I' e""ld
both II(' IIwd 10 add illl'JI'lllatioll to whal has
al]'['a,II 11("'" said, ".g. ''1'1",]'[, is a clllirell ill
hotll l;idll],['S, altl",",,11 ii's diflicllit to S<'"
wl\('II,,'r tl\(' chllrell l"lS cklll,,"d or lIot.'
asking someone to repeat
something
S"I'I'Ij. I ('o"ld,,'( 1/('(/1' ,cllIl( '10" w,id. 111"'11
s()llH'thillg 1)J'('\('lltS YOll frolll Iwaring.
1'111 so '''I'J'Ij. IJIl( I'll' IIO( .s"I'(' III/III(,I'I(""d
('(11'1'1'('(1'1.' sOllllds 1('1'\ poli!" illd",'d.
1'111 "'"'J'Ij. I did,,'( 'I"it" l'Il(cl, 1/111(
Surn/ - Ie/wI lUI.')' !{wl (Ig(/ill,'-'
SIII'J'I/- ('o"ld 'I"" 111'1 tl/ll( Ii;!.liill, JlII'Il\{'."
SOI'J'l1 -I ,'o"ldll'( 1/('(/1' 'Cllll( '10" ,(/id
Co"ld '10" 1'''/)('(/( 1/111(,
afC ilion' illl{)rlllai.
I h(/(' (II I"("IT"I'( IJIII ,cllII( did 'I""
('ollid sOlllld ratll('r md(' if '1'11111 lias stressed
toololldk
I Saying something--Is (in)apl'ropl'iall'
I I rcoll/rllI't I)(' S('('/I rlC({r! ill, S()IItl<!S \'('1'\
ill!()r1lla] alld ratll(']' dislllissiv('.
2.1 page 60
Saying something is 01' isn't fashionahle
ICCIII olll reil/I tl/(' ork.' Sllgg('Sts s()tlldllillg
is 1('1'\ "ld-LLslli()Jl<'d.
is / ore ({II tile rul-!.£' ot tIll' /lW/I/{,l/t.' . Sllgg('sts
that is ('\11'('11)(']." poplliar.
is / ore 0/1 tlu' r({I-!.(' (It tl/(' Jllo/l/('III:'
II'<'J/( 0"( Icitl, 1/11' "rk.'
i.\ /01'(' ';11' tllis SlllJiI}/(T
art' \'('IY illrOrJllal.
3.1 page 54
Asking if someone agrees
YOll agr£'t'. dOIl't !lOll ,'-' ('''peds the tlllS\H'r !I('."".
\\'II"ldll'l '1'"1W/lllh(/i. .." sOlll"ls as if \()}]
are tr:illg 'to SOIlIt-"OI1C to agrc('
"Oll.
S"l'c!lI'jll" dll"'( (l,i,,1e I!I(/( . .." illlplies that
,,)}] do 1I0t ]H'lipl(' II hat '011 are hearing.
3.0 page 60
a choiee
DefiJ/itellf (Ilis illlI' \loltld "ot i"II'l'<'sS til<'
('\alllillf'r as it .'-Oll \'('1'." littl(' opportllility
, to shOl\ "Il 10m skills a"d til('
I' ('-,\arnillcr H:IY little to \'011 Oll.
. .
149
Key
• Module 4A
4.0 page 69
3.1 page 68
pt'rs( TIlt i(l]J
111I111{1l1ih
din"d tst'rlil
()rgaIJiz;tt i()ll
I'rojt"ds (,,'rlI)
scf( 'lIt isl
Lllllili;'II'il\
('(lIlllllt'r('('
('OJtlp{llli()l1
a(,(,()llllllodatc
rdlits
illl('lrJll
1.0 page 71
Tile pic-tun- slI()\\S a 'n'e\'e]ed' e\dist alld
xt r('sscs the i ruport.uu-r- of rcL'Y(,! i II,!.; I I latt 'rials
and f('SOllHTS.
S"" taf'es"rif't Oil I'agt' 1:,7, Tlw"/"i//i,:,'/s call
also I", sl',,!t IUII"//li//isl'l'\ or (1'I/1/1/"i/i,:,I'/S (US),
1.1 page 71
Speak"r 1
I<: 2Ej(;
Speak"r 2
til 5]) hll
Sp,'akl'r :1
7.\ SF
Point I is 1I0t Iltad,' J)\ am s!ll'ak,'r.
2.0 page 72
f"el. s],'t'l' alld look ]ll'ttl'r
,J It(('llta! alld 1'](\ sica!
:) ,1I1\iOII;-; pati('llts
l"oll)l'li"atl'l1 ! dil'fie,dt) f''''(tlrt'S
2.2 page 73
4.0 page 74
1) 2 ,\, Y -I) ,.,) h '\ 7 '\ Ii Y
3.0 page 73
1 attack I: it) Hol 1'1111 a\\'<1\
,) too litt !" alIolil
') (Jrgalli/ill,L!; l'\!H'dili(JHs
t Jllalits or iiI(,
,') L'(lllllll('!'('ial t()llr ('ollipalli('s
h \!"iOII \!olllltailLS
- a 11(('llIlll'r ltd' Lilrl/li/illl'/') / {(I"lltlll'rs
2.1 page 72
:\
,\"rolIie "\( 'wis,' IF 2( :
\!",al((!er Tedllli'II((' :)\ II':
Iklasatioll tal"'s "I) (ill
Y()ga 7B 1..)(;
I is not 1I,'('dt'd,
B
\('fu!Jil' ('\('rl'ist, I L 2(:
,\!,'saliderT,'('I'lli'l{(t' '\I) II
IkLl\atioli tal"'s ')1) h(:
Yoga 711')1"
,\ is 1101 I(('('dt'd,
3.1 page 73
I 1',"rs''('llt,'d
:2 Ill'lIlla]J
:j din'('lia".j,!
.-1- ()rgalli/( 'd
,) pn').icds (1j()\111 \
h s"ielltifie
- Llilliliar
,'1 COIlIIIJ('}'('ial
H ('(lIllpall:
]() ac('olllll(()(Litio]1
J J n'al
1:2 ill!(lrJll,Hi()Jl
7 E
() (;
(i '\ ,S ,S I
., B
2 ]iI,'lik" sitllatiolls
,S forcig11 Ll.llguagc
7 (the) language unit
!) !ollgilall]
page 70
2 I" :3 II
2 IIis first \\'if(. had died (mel he f,,]t louolv.
lie f,,1l in Imp with SO]ll('OIl" who n']lIi;Hlcd
him of his
:3 Th,,\ had neve-r s"ell all elcet]ie light 1m]],
lx-Ior«.
-I lie improved Edison« desigll lor a car],oll
Iil.nur-nt lamp,
'J Edison was the first persoll to crealt' eledri"
light .md ]ll' had ohtuiuc-d the p.rtrnt [or a
carbon fil.uucnt lamp.
fi I lonor.uv d"grees and prizes,
(jll,'slioll:
f las tIl(' COllr.St' of t'\"(,lIls ('\"('1' IH'('l1 ('h,lIlg('d
sigllifieallth as a r"sll!t of a ]dt('\' \\Tittl']I to, or
pllhlislll'd hY, a lIatiollalll('\\spal"'l':J
( :o!T{'d \\'on I.s
!wi(.!.llt.\' illSI('ad of 11i(.!.!I.\'
'J \'i(.!.IIt.\' illstt'ad ()f.\'ii!,lls
:) slili/J/wd illslt'ad Of'"iIJIJi't!
--I- !.!,/o!w illstead ()fi!,rnl'l'
,J d"'/Ji!,' ilLSt,'ad of ill 'I'ill'
fi illslt'ad of mill I'd
- tl'orlr! illslt'ad of Icort!
S Ilwrl((/, illslt'ad of /((omll
D COl/trwt,\, iIlStt',lll o!"c()/ltr{fc!.\'
]() l'iIrl'l'r illstl'ad of l'iIrrin
3.3 page 69
I Sail 1Cra\ (or Crt'\) 2 a t0l' Iltal,' IlllH!"]
:3 a top write-r t IlIon' t lrau juxt a IlalldsOIIH'
I>le,'
2.0 page 67
I Thlllllpilig Cood I",ad
:2 elljo:' reading / find elltt'rtaillill,L!;
:) turn the page
-I f"r plcasur«
,., !ater Iliis \'l'ar
TIll' title IIll'aliS all e\("'ptiolla!h ""jmah]e hook
to read, TllIlllllJill!'. is lLSed eo!hHjllialh to ]lleali
!Jii!, or IJI'oJilil/l'l/l.
2.1 page 68
I sll()\\'l!rift ,J lias craslll'd / lias h""11 \\T",-\;,'e1
:) dead IIIOIH'\ / ()\('r S,+ million 5 Lt",p t!ll'
11101\('\ fi (Ill'tra\('d alld! 1IIIIrd"n'd 7 wur], 01'
art S Ill' I'riellds' Creat \\'ar 10 IIpsid"
dO\\'ll 11 \"ott' 1:2 a IllILS{' 1:3 luroixu:
If hn-ak 11ll' (SO!"IIIII) \tl\\
3.2 page 69
I '\ 2 I :) '\ t S)
\J I
4.1
II)
S <:
Exam practice page 70
J illlprohah],' phrases
:3 -I tahle
sp"akers () ta!ented
manager ,S shortiiall]
10 'Tastndas'
4.1 page 64
A III 2'\ :J( : 1<: ,.,'\ (i'\
7<: S'\ \J<:
lOll I I '\ 121l
H l uloruuit ion \\'Ilicll (']I]('S:
';t castle ill rural Fr.u«-«
,) 'till' lIigg,'sl al'l s"allda! I()r al !"ast 20
\,('aI'S
'\\'!It'll I gt'l I'nlllissiolL I'!II)(II Oil all
,'sllilIilioll lor tlu: I'rt'SS,'
'\11' \'all 1),01' Ikrg"11 starll'dst'llilig
pailltillgs alld l'(Ttificatl's (If tllltl]('llticit:
to ,gall('rics .uul .uution \l()llSCS ill lllajor
(;('rJll<lll eitil's like B()llIL (:()]ogll(' .
H 'th.- !oeal!ll'ol'l" didll'tst", hiu: \('1'\
oltr-u. lit' was spoftl'd ridill,g
tllroll.gll 11](' ('()IIlJtr:'sic!(' OIl his
"i,'\e!,' ,
10 'tIl<' ruaxinuun St'lItl'IIC(' I()r !()rgillg
artwork» is ollk !i\(, \ears ill jail. alld Ill'
w(lIl'1 st'IY" Ilion' 111;111 tlm'(' ifill'''
1ll'lla\('d,'
12 '11ll' \\orst l"lllislllll"111 \II' \'all 1),01'
Ikrg"11 ,'oldd r"""i\(' eOldd Ill' till'
gO\"('rJlor's ('\"('lItllal n>J'llsal or ,Ul urgt'llt
n'(lllt'st I()r hrllslw,s, (,;lII\'as alld all
3.1 page 62
Tlu- gCJlllil](, pitt un: is ()JI tlH' TIH' otlu-r
pit'l un, !Ias Ill'''" "!,,t'lrollicalh 'rt'fil\("1'. TIll'
lIa"kgrolllld lias 1""'11 "]lallg",1. Ilis hat is hluck
alld Ill' lias loxt a l..u«}. \po!ogi,'s to Van Coglil
4.0 page 64
4 LISTENING
Possihle <lIIS\H'rS
III tlie elI"]llist's \\IIen' Ill' \\'l)]l"d - slI" was
Ilie el Il'llIist 's sislt'r.
a/!;ainst
rill rlcur! ([gail/sf S0111HIs \('1": informul.
I rt'll//,/,'O/llr!/I 'I anulon« sOllllds ruthe-r
lorm.rl.
for
I'd rertaiult] girl' . Illy ,\'/{pporf suggests you
an- apprmillg xouu-out- ,,!s,,\ proposal to do
sOIlH'tllill,!2;.
I (,(lIl" ....,.1'(' (/II//tllillg (/;..!.oi/l.\'f. . convovs Jess
th.ui t'lItlll"i,;sli,' S1lpport.
1.2 page 67
1.1 page 66
I IS2S 2 IUI,I :) all apprt'lItie,'
-I a elI"lliist ,., Illakilig plllltngraplIic plat"s
(i carholl prilltillg :- Fnul(,{'S (Frallsis) \\'hite,
\\'IIilt'''sislt'r S Ilalllla(111 (\\'IIite) i1ll'rsist"rl
U 7 10 !iglil alld eledri"it\ J J first electric
!iglit "lIlh 12 S\\all Electri" Lalllp COlllpall\
I:) TlIolilas Edisoll / TOIlias Eddisoll (all\
ae("'ptahle spellillg "OIT('('tl 1-1 hOllol\rs
1.0 page 66
I till' "I,'drie iroll 2 till' el,'('tri" ligllt Illlih
:j tlI,' s,'wing IlIacililll' ,[ til,' I'o"kd \\'aleli
150
Module 4C • Key
1.1 page 81
1.0 page 81
4.2 page 74
Saying you'd rather not
YOIl 1'([11 ('(/1/111 I//(' out' uud It seeIJI,,"' a strtlllgt'
'01'1 o(lllil/g 10 do, i(,/ol/ as]: 1/11'. "'press tlu-
uioxt )"C!lIl'LUH'(' to join.
,\cll/([II,/- J d01/'1 rl'llll,/II,il/k I ('ol/Id/il/d tl«:
t inu: olTers all ('\('lIS(' for not
Speaker 1
Sp"ak"r 2
Sp"aker :j
Bor.-dom
Ple-asure-
Dislx-lio!'
alllH):illg; ".'" does not ('hallgt' lH'I<Jr(' 'illg'l
]11 rtlnnill\'; (d'lIIhl,' 'II'
]] irrc-sponsihl« «Iouhl« "r ]H,,'d,'d)
]2 mavhoiu (\(III1lligl,t 1)(' ahl" to gll('''-
1l1(',UI.S 'violr-n! or dalll<will,1.!; .utiou - frolll
th" old 1"r"ncll - to '1Ilaill")
Exam practice page 85
o
5 Installation art page 94
.I, \Iaid "I' tl/{' Illist
B This illilhil" t" ,'s""I)('
C Lap\\'illg,I'<',]\\'ilig fi"ldt:Irt, (tl/{'s" aI''' wild
hirds)
D Sight lIrlSl'l'll
3 Can competition page 92
4 Ball control page 89
Task Oil"
IC 2E :l<: 11\ ')\
Task t\\O
hC 7F QC IIiE
5 PAPER ,5 TASK BANK
St '\\ SO\\
IIlaid
\\Tift's
kll"\\
,h"d
SCt'1]('
,/
,/
I""" crrtu!n
,/
j so
,,, Iliad"
D riL!:hts
111 I H '\\
11 di"d
12 S('{'ll ours
gratt'
roll
lour
4.0 page 84
J<: 21 :m .+1\,11
4.1 page 84
1D 2C 3E '+C)I\
:3
ro],'
,) Ior
() hour-,
3.0 page 83
SI'"ak,'r I IC 21\
Sp"ak'T 2 :m H
Sp,'ah'r" ,)\ h\
SI'"akl'l'
SI'"ak"r ,) UI\ 111,\
3.1 page 84
I lIiglit hlli\';llt
o da\'s dim'
Sllggested aJls\\rrs
Sp"ak"r 1
1 anger
2 1/('\ .mti-xportx
SI'"ak"r 2
" d""o IIH'II"U,\" hiogral'll\ "I' hiologist '. HII1,,']'t
Slu-ldr.il«:,
\rr.'- L!:o{)d prO,!2yall 1lllt ,
Sp,'ah'r :j
('ooker:- prognllllltl(' (st't ill ltulv :
h disal'l'0illl<'d
SI','ah'r
- (,Olll('dy (illi;,
it waxn! 1'111111\, 11I11""h illls\\"I.,.,1 tl/('
'11/('stiollS, "\('I"I""h t'ri"d too liard 10 I/('
fllllll\ ..
Sp,'akl'l' "
D not satisfi(,d. or all,\2;r.'
III 1/('\('1' .utur.uc-. too "'"l1l'li"al<'d, rant I'<'h
OIl it
Fuirl. ('"rtaill
2.0 page 82
4.2 page 85
I aid"d ('"d' pronouncr-cl 'id' idt,']' 'r' or 'd"
2 li\';ht\\'r'i\';lit (1I!H' \\'Ord - althm!"h calldidatl's
\Hillld 1I0t 1)(' pCllaliz"d I"l' Pllt'Ullg a 11\1'1H'1l
ill a "Olllpo1llHI mml of this killd!
:3 limhs (silent 'h '(
.+ rccharg"ahl" (',; Ileed"d afll'r 'g'(
,3 suoriug (onh one '1")
(j \\Tcckill" (si'l"llt \\-')
- olle T ill hdl \\hcn a
compolllld) ,
S children's education i'll' apostrophe's"
Sp"ak"r 1
Sp"ak"r 2 ,/
Sp"ak"r :j ,/
Sp"ak"r .+
,)
Sp,'ah'rh ,/
more- nu 'lldH'rs
() lan;l' l'f()\Y( Is
Exam practice page 80
1 \1
,)
:\
"
\1 l :\
,)
D h D :\ ,) ,
\1
q
:\
4.0 page 79
I 1'.1
,)
:\
"
l :\ \1 h :\ :\
"
,) ,
S ) :\ III II :\ 12 \1 I" \1 ,)
II S I') :\ Ih S
2.1 page 78
I :'.:lllll!H']"S I ;UH! ,) an' til(' x.uur:
-11 (,ii, or \\'01111'11 ;UH! or nu-n SC(lrcc!
corn '('lk.
:2 P('r!('('t St'tln': 20
/\\rragt' scon' 1(11' \\'(1I1}('11:
\\rrag(' St'(ln' for 11]('11: I::?
J \\rragt' scon' lor wouuu: -1.1 S\'110llYl11S !wr
wor«]
scon' lor 11It'11: 2.2 S.'-1101l."IIIS lwr
word
5.0 page 80
2, ,I .uu l ,),
2.2 page 78
S"" tal'"s"ript Oil pa\';' , S"/I,ilionlcall also
I/(' sp"lt scusii isrt],
Saying you'd like to
X'TIT in 1/1// uilclc»! dn-aius did J illl([gil/{'
I'd. ,SOllllds too {'Iltlllisiastic.
J thin]: I I/Iidll Iii' ([1,1(' 10 uorl: 1/1''''1/1/'
rutliu.....'lasn: /11/" th« ideo, Sll:
fU
(' st s tllat tlu-
sl'"ak"r is sli\';llll\ I"ss tli(' id"a,
('lllotioIIS ., lllatllt'111atil'al :) \"('dlal
ill llllT(' dil1WI1Siolls ,) ]()('ali()lIs
2.0 page 77
'1'1](' alls\\'ers an' ,gi\('ll (Ill tIlt' <:tl.sst'I[(' as part or
"\(T"is" 2,1, \\I'icll 1,111(1\\\
1.1 page 76
Exam practice page 76
I militurv' 2 tIH'I'"hlie :j
,I I'mr,'ssi,,"al ""llariti,'s
- (cI,aril\) "\"lIts
Saying you aren't sure
\\'1'11, rill iu 11('0 inintl« ([1"1111 it 1'1'11111/
11'111/ 'I nutl«: 1/1' 1/1// nuiu], sll\,;g,'st that tlu-
sp('ak('r 11Iigill 1]('\'('1' get ronnel to Illakillg a
decisio1l.
[ ---
151
Key • Task bank 6A
3 Food page 106
Task 0111'
j('
::IF \II 1<: "I)
Task h\o
(i('
7;\ 'ill DB WI,:
"I)
IOE
hB
page 104
:l( : I<:
'iA :
page 100
:lB -lB SD
1 Relationships
Taskol\(' IF '21,:
Task 111'<1 hI" 7B
2 Class distinction page 105
A \lliltipl"lllall'l,illg
Task our- II '2t: :)1': IA sc:
Task t\\O hi 71" ,'il': DII lOA
B \111Itipl<- ,.Jllli,'"
I B '2\lt: IB "B hB 7C SB DA
]OB
4 Coping with the unexpected page 10
Task 0111' I B '21),\ 1<' "I':
Task 1\\0 (iC 7<:'iB DA lOll
2 Saving Australia page 101
1C '21),)) -IB ;'jB (iA 7B SI) 91\
3 Two-star chef page 102
A vl ultip]« cI\(lic" 'I'H'StioIIS
] B '2<: :m -JC )B hA 71) SB DD
B It!ellti!, til(' COIlIlI\('llls til(' sp"ak"rs inal«:
1:\ '2,\ :j\ -1\1 "A h\l 7" k\i 91\
10\1 ]1\1 l'2A 1:3\1
4 Touring holiday page 103
A \lllitiple choil'(' '!1\('stioIlS
1\ '2C :)I)IC :)1) ht: 7A kB
B 1t!"llti!\ tlu 1'01l111\('lds til(' sj)('ak('l's lllak<'
1:\ '2Jl:\H: S:\ hi 7" SJ D:\
W(; i u: 1'2(; ll:\ l'lJ 1:)0
1 Hats
L\ '2D
4 National Asthma Campaign Open Day
page 100
:"('ar / spring
::2 n '."it 'ardl
:l ['2,50,000/ a ,,,Iarkr of a million pounds
n'SI'arch all'anl
" proud
() Dr Cr('golY StOlll'S
- 1iocturu.il ,;stliliia
'i Ii<" I','I('r
l) tli;' oouut rvsid«
3 Baltic cruise page 99
most \walltifi1l capital
o St Pl'tcrshmg
" H,'''I'll t Tr.ivt:I
ill C"lltn' / ill (tll('lll('art of Itl\(,)
cill
,) OI'ltsid" cahills
(i Oil Tlimsda\( s)
- St Pekrsburg
vnur 0\\'11 si\.2;hts{'l'ing
D ia) LLH'II'I'liparh
10 rcf'T"IlC" uumlx-r D;'j(HlB
-I roblx-rv oC('lllTcd ,5 walk togethcr
6 the rohlx-rs 7 slimmer and taller
S Idecpl'hhw 9 llight lx-forr-
2 Museum visit page 99
1 industrial .md agricllitural / rural lifo
'2 '200 I'ears / GIO cI'llturi,'s
:3 COII11111111iC'atiolls
-l truusport
,") local people / cclebritics
h coll"l'tl'd localil
- \yorking
4 Theme park page 98
I (tlll'i hllge 'I'II"II'S
,J till' follollillg dal
:j n 'still!.!; / r{'la\ill,g
,I ill till' TOII('rs / park litsl'lfl
" indoor (l'hildll'II'slplal area
(i )'l'lI'r nahhit 11'(' SllIlIl
- thl' I LIIlIlll'd l lou«:
S wlu-u vou I,'al"
r.uncoat
10 atll'llIlalle, 'S
II (aL,irhiticlll'apl'l'
3 Artist's eye page 97
poor ('olour vixit »: :2 ,"jolt'lit hlur :3 his l.ru
pailltill,e:s til(' lllajority or ux l irownis]:
(i IIIOll'I('llml 7 dark<:r ,'i slaslll'd sel('ral
(';lll\'as{'s Dill din'd slLlllight !O fog,l,t;
II di,'d
6 PAPER 4 TASK BANK
2 High-tech spy page 97
I ,\.2;1'<'('11 l',1I1H'raS
.) h\'() / :2 YCars
:l Iklll('r Ullil ersill
,( 0111' thi«! / a third / II:) ofa SI""ll,d
S a(,l'id"llt 1"I('ls
(i IS'I,
- gross polllltl'rs
S ill ( :alit('rJlia
D rq.;lIlar oll(']H\tTS
1 Brooklyn Center schools' programs
page 96
I (the I urban couul rvxidc-
:2 age·
illllll(\!;ratcd / ('llli,'2;rah'd ito AIIH.'rica)
-l unique:
,'j sllhj('('ts U!I tl«: c-urricuhnu / c-nrrioulum
Sllhjecls
(i traillillg .md d"I('loplll"llt workshops
- walking
S th"llll'
D EJl\'inlllllH'lItal and scienc('
10 SIIIlIIIII'r dal' C'llllpS
-
City robbery page 98
\\'l't'k ago :2 lOU uu-tns :3 a lorn
152

Advanced Listening and Speaking
Kathy Gude
NEW EDITION

OXFORD
UNIVERSITY PRESS

Oxford University Press, Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP Oxford New York Athens Auckland Bangkok Bogota Buenos Aires Calcutta Cape Town Chennai Dar es Salaam Delhi Florence Hong Kong Istanbul Karachi Kuala Lumpur Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Mumbai Nairobi Pans Sao Paulo Singapore Taipei Tokyo Toronto Warsaw and associated companies in Berlin Ibadan OXFORD and OXFORD ENGLISH are trade marks of Oxford University Press ISBN 0 19 453425 1 © Oxford University Press 1999 First published 1999 Second impression 2000 No unauthorized photocopying All riqhts reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical. photocopying, recording or otherwise, Without the prior written permission of Oxford University Press. This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, resold, hired out, or otherwise CIrculated without the publisher's prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a Similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser. Origination by Blenheim Colour Ltd, Eynsrlam, Oxford Printed in Hong Kong

Acknowledgements The Publisher and author would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce photographs: Andes Press Agency/Carlos Reyes Manzo; Ardea/Jean Paul Ferrero, Jean Michel Labat, Joanna Van Gruisen, Tom Willock; Apple Macintosh; Artaud Freres - Editeurs; GIR34422 Dr Paul Gachet by Vincent Van Gogh (1853-90) lvlusoo d'Orsay, Paris/Giraudon/Bridgeman Art Library, London; Bntlsh Telecom; Sao Paolo, 1960, by Rene Burri/Magnum; Canary Wharf Management; Columbia/Irving Allen (Courtesy The Kobal Collection); Eye UblquitouslTony Brown.Cary Trotter; Howard Fried-Booth; Friends of Save-A-Can; The Guardian; Sally and Richard Greenhill; Lionel Hampton; Louis Hellman; Kobal Collection/Columbia; John Cleare Mountain Camera; Mary Evans Picture Library; Nintendo; Popperfoto; Graham Rawle from Graham Rawle's Wonder Book of Fun, paperback 1:6.99Nictor Gollancz; Rex/Sipa Press; Ross Parry Agency; Royal Doulton; Royal Society of British Sculptors/Stephen Duncan, Georgina Redfern, Paul Riley, Alan Waters; Sun Alliance; Swift/Richard White Advertising; Time Magazine; Top Flight Loft Conversions, Edward Woodman.

Illustrations by: Anna Brookes p. 88,15, Nicki Elson p. 58. Neil Gower p. 17,29.47, 56. 57, 62, 93, 95, Sharon Palent/Maqqie Mundy Agency p. 13, 112, Geo Parkin p 19, 22, 27, 59, Tim Slade p. 61, 110, Harry vennnq p. 23, 24, 24, 30 The Publisher and author would also like to thank all those who participated in the research and development of the book. In particular the following for their valuable advice: Caroline Coate. Sara Evans/Cultura Inglesa Copacabana. Angela ffrench, Diane Fleming, Rosalie Kerr, Ann Whitfield, Jennifer Whyte, Simon Williams.

whereas you hoar Part 2 only once. The book helps you to do this by fOCUSlllg on register. Part 2 gives each of you an individual tum of one minute (this is known as a long transactional turn). Thoro am also manv differellt task types wnich prepare yOll for what vou rmoht find III the exam What is being tested The Listening Test requires you to lister for both global and specific Information. You hear Parts 1.nciation features it. The book gives you useful advice ard practice for writing notes and processmo information willie you listen. produce connected speech. the discussion related to Part 3 is widened and the examiner Joins in. you arc expecteeJ to spell correctly. to the teacher and to tile cassette recoroinqs. What you have to do You have tune to read throuqh each task before you listen to tho recorded text. Furthermore. The-e are 4 Parts In tile Speaking Test.vinq at a 'riqht ' answer Within tne time available.e stress. These recordings differ in lellgHl. HlE) skills you need to listen and speak.: paper thon SPEAKING: CAE PAPER 5 Format Tho Speakinq Test is conducted by two examiners. Parts 1 and 2 test your umJerstandlng and application of specific Illformatiorl from the text. I. to express yourself effectively and communicate your message A note on task achievement HlO attempt to complete the tasks is assesseel. transfer them to an answer sheet. How this book will help you The book gives you practice III listeninq to each other in class. ar d it helps you to decide what to listen for. and multiple choice questions. SOCial Interaction. Part 3 tests your understanding of gist. As you liston. You are given a mark for each category. speaker Identity. Timing Tile Listening Test takes about 45 mmutos and contains between 30 and 40 questions.ouslv so that what you say IS easly LIIlClerstooej Timing The Test takes 15 minutes for a pair of candidates.1I1d to Illterpret meaning doponoont on Intollatlon. A note on Discourse Management Tnis is your ability to combine your language and ideas to 3 .e. multiple matchinq. not arr. c. plus a mark for Global Achievement by the Interlocutor. and also to process allel exchange Information while you are doing so By analvsr. llilk words.THEEXAM LISTENING: CAE PAPER 4 Format The Listening Test COI1SIStS of 4 listening texts: Parts 1. In Part 4. :3 and 4.q. A note on pronunciation Examiners do not expect you to have a 'perfect' Engllsll accent' However. pronours. snould there be an odd number of candidates III an examining session. etc. the other as lnterlocutor iHle speakinq exanuner: You are examined in pairs. 2. . rhythm Juncture and phonoloqy) effectively. Discourse Management. These texts differ in lonqth and test listening skills through a variety of question types ego note-taking. structure and vocabulary at each successive stage of the Speaking Test What is being tested Throughout the test you are being assessed on your Grammar and Vocabulary. reterenco devices. Pronunciation and Interactive Communication. from short sncpcts of conversation to longer talks and conversations. !) A note on spelling When writllig aoswers. Juncture alKJ phonoloqv. Identifying statements speakers made. In Part 3. one of whom acts as Assessor. 3 and twice. op. rhvthm. It refers to 'Illtemal COrH)rellCe'. thus preventing allY breakdown In ccrnrnurcatio-i.te your answers 011 a q. you respond to Visual or spoken prompts which are desiqned to elicit different spoakinq skills. which conveys your ability to orqamze your sontonces usinq.iostio. you take part in a problem-solving task together. all of which Will Ilelp to build your conuoeico III illterpretillg what you 110ar III the exam Itself. [Jut you are not pcnafzed for the wronq spelllllg of a proper IIOUll If you write an acceptable alternative.ruon. sentence completion. and tile speakers have a rallge of accents. and tlletl use It ill context This book helps you to handle prom. What you have to do In Part 1. successful task completion in the exam depends on your beillg able to produce the rrght kind of language III an appropriate way. they do expect you to speak clearly and unarnbiqr. attitude and directly stated information. you are given an opportunity to Interact socially. you must wr. You Will have tell minutes for this transferral at the elld of the test.iq tile Function Files you can develop an awareness of what an appropriate comment would be. in a systematic ano comprchousivo way. stress patterns. In eacr of these Parts. Part 4 tests your understandinq of context. or occasior-ailv ill a qroup of three. How this book will help you The book covers.

1B. apart from Module 1A Getting to know you. 2C. You can use the tasks in the bank either to supplement the activities in the earlier Modules. the odd-numbered groups have particular (but not exclusive) focus on Paper 5. Each Module is designed to take about 30 to 40 minutes. depending on your individual needs and interests. and the number of activities you do. there is an exam-type exercise. 40 Task Bank Modules 6A. 20 Modules 4A. possibility and improbability Choosing Commenting on something you know nothing about Comparing Correcting what is not accurate Describing location 20 32 54 21 63 62 52 43 60 21 55 35 13 Describing similarities and differences Disagreeing politely Feelings Explaining how you feel about something Giving yourself time to think Interpreting past ideas Linking contrasting ideas Opinions Asking for the opinion of others Giving your opinion Putting forward another point of view People Finding out about people Finding out if people know each other Introductions 13 19 56 49 44 49 16 16 33 8 6 7 Preferences Saying something is (in)appropriate Saying something is or isn't fashionable Saying you are interested Saying you aren't interested Saying you aren't sure Saying you'd like to Saying you'd rather not Speculating Speculating about what you hear Spelling Summing up Wishes and regrets 17 59 60 58 59 75 75 75 10 23 25 58 47 4 . 1C/O Modules 3A. For easy reference. Each Module deals with one Part of these Papers. 3C/0 Task Bank Modules 5A. or for exam practice. 3B. 6B. The last two sets provide a bank of tasks for Papers 5 and 4 respectively. 2B. 4C. Parts 3 and 4. For example. recycling the material in the first four sets. depending on the number of students in your class. 4B. Contents Advanced Llstenmg and Speaking (CAE) consists of 21 self-contained Modules which you can use either as a supplemmt to a course book or as part of a skills course. Special features The first four sets of Modules (1 A to 40) are Interspersed with exam hints and Function File Cards containing expressions and phrases for you to analyse. Modules 1C/O and 3C/0 concentrate on Paper 5. 5B. Organization There are six sets of Modules. then use while you are taking part in the speaking activities. 60 FUNCilON FILE INDEX Admitting that you might be mistaken Advising someone (not) to do something Agreement Asking if someone agrees Finding out if everyone agrees Arguing against Arguing for Asking someone to repeat something Certainty. The book at a glance Spotlight on Paper 5 Speaking Modules 1A. 5C/0 Spotlight on Paper 4 Listening Modules 2A. The 'stand-alone' Modules can be used in any order. which is intended to be used at tile beginning of a course. 6C.CONTENTS iHE BOOK Aims The Modules are designed to help you acquire and practise in a systematic and comprehensive way the skills you need to do your best In both the Speaking and tile Listening Tests. while the even-numbered sets focus on Paper 4. Modules 2B and 4B concentrate on Paper 4 Part 2 Exam practice At the end of each Module in the first four sets.

personal questions. predicting. Task bank 6C Four activities for Paper 4. describing. listening for facts and figures. Module 1C/O Jobs and training Exchanging opinions. I didn't quite catch that! Coping with accents and background noise. saying how you feel. making notes while listening. making a choice. putting forward another point of view. evaluating differences. Module 4A Achievements Listening for precise information. expressing wishes and regrets. vowel sounds. giving advice. recognizing words. anticipating what you are going to hear. hypothesizing. Part 1 Task bank 5B Twelve activities for Paper 5.? Past and future: degrees of certainty. recognizing names. asking for clarification. asking if someone agrees. using notes.1 SPEAKING 6 4 LISTENING 66 Module 1A Getting to know you Meeting and finding out about people. personal information. sound discrimination. listening for key information. variable word stress. homophones. developing the interaction. identifying speakers. sound discrimination. spelling. spelling.. Part 4 48 58 5 . interpreting and rephrasing information. comparing and contrasting. identifying recycled information. interpreting information. Module 40 Points of view Understanding different points of View. word stress. Part 2 Task bank 5C/0 Six activities for Paper 5. variable word stress.. introductions. matching information to speakers. 34 5 PAPER 5 TASK BANK 86 88 91 Task bank 5A Six activities for Paper 5. Module 2C Mind over matter Interpreting unusual information. Part 3 Task bank 60 Four activities for Paper 4. evaluating arguments. making informed guesses. arguing for and against. Part 1 Task bank 6B Four activities for Paper 4. matching sounds to spellings. identifying recycled information. Module 4C A question of gender Evaluating preconceptions. expressing preferences. Part 2 43 3 SPEAKING Module 3A What if. Module 20 Today's technology Interpreting visual information. Module 3C/0 Art and culture Expressing interest and taste. interpreting in depth. reaching an agreement. describing differences in attitude. identifying points speakers are making. predicting. word stress. collaborating. word stress. spelling. Module 3B Yesterday and today Comparing and contrasting. identifying speakers. 10 71 16 76 2 LISTENING 23 Module 2A Sorry. Module 1B People and places Speculating. following a line of development. recognizing words in context. 81 Module 2B Leisure activities and holidays 29 Making assumptions. Parts 3 and 4 38 6 PAPER 4 TASK BANK 96 98 100 104 Task bank 6A Four activities for Paper 4. Module 4B Survival Relating what you see to what you hear. interpreting attitudes.

/('nl. FINDING OUT IF PEOPLE KNOW EACH OTHER Which expressions sound too formal for this situation? Which expressions do you feel are the most appropriate? Questions //1/1'(' 1/011 1I11'llw/(!/'('.\ '1'1/1/1'('11 '11wI'1I iut /'(Id.SPEAKING Getting to know you People and places Jobs and training Spotlight on Paper 5 Part 1 1. 1/011 ist cnt cd th»: (.~ /)0 1/011 kuou: ('1/c!1 otlu-r: /11/1'(' 1/011 Ill'olw('1I int n ulu cct]? /)id 1/011 kuou: ('1/('/1 01111'1' h('/i)/'(. Before you start.!. refer to the Function File card. '/011 ! ('1/111(' 101111' ('II/ss ~ I/I/d 1/011 )11('/ Replies \\ '1' 111('/ cru]! ollll'r/iu'lllI'/il'sl l irnrtothn]. 6 .0 l!J Finding out if people know each other In groups of three or four take it in turns to find out if the other students knew each other before starting this course. If they did.fi rs! 11/1'1 ('(/('11 01111'1' u: h('/i!/'(. \\ ·I'. I iii 1'1' 1/011 lcuouu ('1/1-{/ otltcr:' . situr. find out how long they have known each other and where they first met. /rI/I'1I 11'1' 11'1'1'1' 1/1 Ic!/ool !.~ 1/00l' lou!.OIlI'I('!. '\'1"1'(' kuouu ('1/('11 (1IIII'r/()1' l uo I/I'I/I'I!.

talking to glll'StS at a Iormal climu-r party .s nl('ding a frie-nd's II('W hovfric-nr] / girlfril'IHI () introdllcing vourxr-]! to a 11('\\' n('ighhollr Compare your decisions with those of another group. Did you agree? What made you decide on the level of formality? Who might the people in the conversations be? 2.Getting to know you • Module 1A 2. Can you add any other introductions and responses to the lists? 7 . rill Dr.1 lIJ Deciding on levels of formality Groupwork Remembering what you heard in 2. . .UrI. where 1 is very informal and 5 very formal. su«. .Ur.2 lIJ Introducing other people Levels of formality INTRODUCING OTHER PEOPLE AND RESPONDING APPROPRIATELY Match the introductions with suitable responses.('d lor a joh lJ\ souu-onc.' p/c(lscd to II/('('t uou ' .\lOl/tCI/O (I1/r! tlii: is IIl/j collc(lgl/c Louis Fcrrcuul. Sir». Cood niorniug / (Iftcr/wol/ / ('[CI/il/g. rill rill Responses llo« do IjOI/ ilo? u. Which word is rarely used in spoken English but often in written Erlglish? Why is it used? Which expression sounds rather formal? Introductions Xlaria (11/(/ this is JAIl/is.UII/'iI. (11/{/ l icnulil lil« to introduce IjOI/ to IIl1j collcagu« Dr.t('lephon(' to a sl'nic(' ('ngin('('r who will call OIl \011 tomorrow to re-pair vou r washing machine:? ('nqniring about \'0111' flight ticke-ts to i\1'\\' York whic-h Ila\I' no! .\Jr.urivc«] :3 h<'ing intIT\il.YOIl lla\I' alr('al!l nil'! hril'fh -1. .0 0 Introducing yourself to others Informal and formal language Listen to three short conversations once and indicate their level of formality by choosing a number from 1 to 5.' Good to SCC IjOII. .n« f)c/igllt('(/ to uutl«: 'I'"!!' (IC(/1/ (I i 1/ tu I uc: Ili tIIIT('. what would be appropriate introductions in these situations? sp('aking on the.0. . Conversation A Conversation B Conversation C Compare your answers with a partner. .Uiss.Us.\\. 2.Us.

./olill/llrrinl / elll. • interests. .. vourxe-lve-s as caudiclatcs to an e-xamine-r some husint-ss colleagucs to vour bmil~ 3. Use appropriate expressions from the Function File card. • career / studies. 7' and waiting for you to supply the answer.0 n Talking about yourself Making notes Listen once to a man introducing himself to a group of people.~ yOIl 1/(/[.IIgnl /I'illgle.~ I!OIL' muc]: Illolley do '/011 earn? '''h([1 do l/olillOpe 10 do ill thcjuturc:' Interactive skills Give the teacher the piece of paper with your name on it (written for 2.I/I.~ '''1/(/1 arc YOllr ill leresis / 11O!JI)iel'. Mr Louis Ferrand.Module 1A • Speaking The examiner will ask you to identify yourself usually by saying either 'You are .!. e. on a piece of paper and place it on the desk in front of you so that the other students can see it. exam nerves.vour hrother / sister . a h c d c potential clie-nts to a hank m. Write your full name and title. and focus your mind exclusively on the task you have to do. \'(JUr familv to vour child's te-ache-r .~ Are .~ t». or to answer Yes. • reasons for studying English.ollwfi'olll. Was the task challenging? Why? 3. (that's right) in the second. As you listen try to remember and note down as many details as possible about what he says.(' ([111/ . '''11111 do '/011 1'I/l(I.g. personal problems.2 above). room temperature.~ \\'1/(/1 do '/011 ellj()// doillg ill YOllrslwre time? WIII/ ar« '/011 I'llilli/ilig Ellglil'/l./ / dofl)rrlli[illg. or by asking 'Are you Maria / Louis ?' It is enough to say either Maria Manteno / Louis Ferrand in the first case.1 Listening carefully and attentively to what is being said will help you to remember what you hear. You have three or four minutes to find out as much as possible about your new partner.ma~er vour friends to .g.. In small groups take it in turns to introduce each other in the following roles. 8 .1)W/'iltl'T([I'OIl fill' I'llilli/illg F:III!Ji. The teacher will pick out pairs of names at random. Try this tip for concentration training: erase from your mind anything which could distract you. lIJ Finding out about your partner FINDING our xeour PEOPLE Which question might be considered an invasion of privacy? Would any of these questions be considered an Invasion of privacy in your country? What kinds of questions would be considered an invasion of privacy in your country? Add more questions of your own to the list \\'Iwre do '/011 (. Miss or Ms Maria Manteno. then compare your notes with a partner's. • plans for the future. background noises. e. You could ask about their: • background.

produce a reference file of personal questions which you could use to find out some information about your fellow students.some of them don't exist! Just try and guess their pronunciation. hat :2 hate :1 hatter -t hater lll't Ill'te lxttc-r lx-tc-r hit bitehitter bite-r hot hot« hotte-r hotel' hut hunIlilt !<' I' linte-r Take it in turns to read out one of the words in each line and see if your partner can recognize it. 9 . 1 Hurt :2 Wilt :3 Manton -t Grasslands o Lowland 6 Pond Hart "'elt Montou Cracelands Roland Bond What about your own name? 00 people have problems spelling it? Spell your own first name for the person sitting next to you then see if you can spell their first name and family name. read out the words below and comment on the differences in pronunciation and what might cause those differences. Don't worry if you don't recognize the words . tIL Preparing a reference file of personal questions In groups of three or four. Your teacher will check your file for appropriacy and accuracy. 1 ship hlip hip knit pitch rich ill miII is lin' 2 sheep hkep heap neat peach reach ee 1 n1('al ease lean' 4. B Read out one word from the pairs in columns 1 and 2 below and see if your partner can identify which word you are saying.1 0 Recognizing the names of people and places Sound discrimination Listen to six 'mini-conversations' and circle the names you hear on the tape.Getting to know you • Module 1A 3. Personal questions How long have you lived here? Where do you work? 4.2 Being able to ask questions will help you in Part 1 of Paper 5.0 lIJ Improving your pronunciation A With a partner.

Hespond appropriatel\'. Exam practice: social interaction Divide into groups of four or five.0 lfJ Speculating SPECULATING Which expression sounds too formal for an exam situation? Which sounds too off-hand and too Informal? What IS the meaning of might. . The nine pictures opposite show three men as babies. lil:« . Clu-ck the. teenagers and adults. 01/('1'111/ 'I rIlII' 0111 II/(' })()Isillilitlj 11/(/1.!)11 / TlIClj / /II' / TlII'lj could / coul.. 10 . guess! You are not being examined on your ideas just your ability to express them In English. the Assessor.) Take the following roles. . but the pictures have been mixed up. Even if you haven't got a clue. could and must in these expressions? Add expressions of your own to the list. Have a verbal. Spotlight on Paper 5 Part 2 1.Module 1B • Speaking lfJ Remember. Now reverse roles with the two examiners taking on the roles of candidates.tinling. In pairs or groups. IIli:. lkspond as appropriutc-. decide which pictures might be of the same person. C]]('ck tlu.': sl/(' look: s.. don't keep silent. .11 lu-» \\'1U) kuou. Allow three or four minutes for the interaction. There are more Paper 5 Part 1 tasks in the Task bank on pages 86-88.. not a mental. Ask candidates r-ithr-r to kll von aliont or to find out aliout the othe-r candidates. Hcspond appropriateh. Two (or three) students: candidates A and B (and C) One student: the 'talking' examiner (Interlocutor) One student: the 'listening' examiner (Assessor) Interlocutor: Candidates: In terloci ItOI': Canrlidatc-s: I ntc-rloci ItOI': Candidates: Assessor: \\'cleonl(' the candidates and introduc-e voursr-lf and vour col1eaglH'. of'the candidates. does not take part in the Speaking Test and is only introduced briefly to the candidates in Part 1.l Icl'!l Iw) / 11/11. the second examiner. look a« if II/('Ij arc.ich-ut it . (If there is an odd number of candidates for the speaking test it is necessary to have one group of three candidates. .

People and places • Module 1B Optional activity Brrng in photographs of yourselves as babies or young children. How many of them can you use to descrrbe the people in the pictures? I hllsll\ .11 10 of uu-duun Iwi~ht lmil: 11 .1 lfJ Describing people Combine the words on the left with those on the right to make useful phrases for describing people. place them all together on a desk and see if you can guess which photograph belongs to whoml 1. -I oval 'J )()IIIH! d hl1ild (' 110S(' ros\ turmd-up () slim C': II I"ac(' huir ('\('])]"()\\S 'i halldl('bar Y \\1.sta('lJ(' h ('IH'('ks c: ('\('S :3 c-url.J strai~llt a 111()ll.

After you have finished see if your partner agrees with your opinion. 12 . organized. try to sketch an impression of the person in the empty box below. You can use your imagination and speculate. Practising will help you realize how much talking you are able to do in this time.0 will help you. bad-tempered. The Function File card in 1. 2.0 which you think are of the same person and describe them to a partner.g.2 In Part 2 of Paper 5. you will be asked to talk about something for one minute. Your teacher Will tell you all when to start and finish.0 o Extracting information and drawing Find the suspect You will hear part of a radio news item about an armed robbery. WANTED in connection with an armed robbery Compare your drawing with a partner's and decide together what the character of this person may be like and why the person might have become involved in this robbery in the first place. e. then listen to your partner describing another person. You have about one minute for this. explaining how the person has changed physically over the years. lfJ_ Talking for one minute Choose one set of pictures in 1. easy-going.Module 1B • Speaking 1. friendly. Say what kind of job you think the person might have now and what he might be like. As you listen to a description of someone wanted in connection with the crime.

Describe the layout and facilities to your partner. It is the inside of the bank where the robbery mentioned in 2./ riglll-llI/lIIlsit/e riotu tic»! 10 . commenting on how you think the modernization has improved the interior of the bank. ItIlS disllppellret/llltogetlzer Look at the picture on the left-hand side. You can use some of the expressions on the Function File card to help you describe the bank. It is a picture of the same bank. ./ riglil-I/III/t/ sicl« ill IIIl' fij'regrollllll /llIIekgrollllll Ill'IJ ei'l/til/lI'lrn/imllllll' II:fi./ lefi-IIII/ill corner 011 Ihe II·fi. 10 t l«: riglll /Iefi 0( t/iredlilo/i/iolile Look at the picture on the right-hand side. explain how your picture is similar or different using some of the expressions on the Function File card . After your partner has finished describing the bank on the right-hand side. .0 took place and it has recently been modernized. where the robbery took place. but the sketch was drawn before the bank was modernized. luxurious) tlutn ill II sinular position to / diffi:rellt positionjrom . 13 .People and places • Module 1B 2.1 _lIJ Describing location and spotting similarities and differences Bank interiors (Pairwork) Student A DESCRIBING LOCATION Which information would the examiner not be particularly interested In hearing? Why not? III IIIl' 1'1'1'/1 10/1/ bottom of IIII' pictur: ill Ihe 10/1 /Iwllo/ll righl.i1l~1 / II tuu. Student B DESCRIBING SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES Which expression(s) could also be followed by with? What other words could you add to replace those in brackets? COI/IJIII ret/ 10 ill contrast 10 similar / 1I11110S/ identical to sligldhl / eWII/lletely differel/tfrolll (110/ ) as (splleiolls) as less ( moclern.

'.S Itillk Then listen again to the tape and check your answers. comparing and contrasting Before and after an explosion 14 ..1 and fill in the missing information on the crime report sheet.IIIIS tluir ill't('J'III) ())] d(.3 L!J Identifying word stress aloud and try These groups of words appeared In the news bulletin.li\('r\ (i l l«: s('('mi!\ \.J Illal'lliJw .II:m!s III dl))lhll' \rl1()\\ lill('s II a I rulli« \\ard('11 12 a parkill!. Read them to mark the stresses.'. tlJ(' \.tlJ(' l xu i].0 Listen only once to a news bulletin describing the bank robbery Then and 2. .\.0 L!J Describing.I\\il\ c.n .lwJ'\ ·1 . s in small groups.alanll hllttoJI ~J :) t II(' II i:c':ll St nr-t I lall k a:c':1 '(. l'l('rks I ... compare your answer ROBBERY AT THE NATIONAL SAVINGS BANK Locatio n of bank: Time of robbery: Number of suspec ts: Other custom ers saw a woman giving someth ing to Alarm raised by Amoun t stolen: Gang escape d in 2.'ttiolla l S.I .i\ ill!.s('('llril\ Iiru: S l lu.lIl :lIlll('d m\.2 0 Extracting recycled information The bank robbery mentioned in 2.Module 1B • Speaking 2.'.'. til'kl'! 3.

In pairs.srJlpkd Now read out your news Item paying attention to the timing of the item. You have one minute to do this. a gas I(·ak.g. a man and a woman. Student B Look at the set of pictures on page 124.1 l!J Reporting an event in the news In the same pairs. Student A Look at the set of pictures on page 113. discuss what the city centre looked like the morning before and the morning after the explosion. \\110 \\as / \\llat \\as / \\('1'1' \\'('J'(' iujurr-t]. You could Include: • \\liat is not \('( kuown. sillasllt'd or sllatkn·d. 3. Choose one man and one woman from each set and describe them in as much detail as possible. 15 . Listen carefully to your partner's descriptions and decide which two people your partner described. speculate and identify Identity parade On pages 113 and 124 there are two sets of people taking part in an Identity parade to see if members of the public can identify the thieves. ('. They are the same as your partner's but they are In a different order. • • • • \\klt is tllollglit to Ila\(' Ilapp(·II(·(!. There are more Paper 5 Part 2 tasks in the Task bank on pages 88-91. \\liat \\as di. in a robbery they witnessed. and the strong and weak stresses on the words you use. l!J Exam practice: describe. prepare a one-minute news Item about the explosion to be read out on the radio.People and places • Module 1B Look at the two pictures of a city centre before and after an explosion. saying why you think these two people must be the ones you saw committing the crime.

../lI'mll'jIJ!cakillg. rdillsl like 10 say. Ilwu'li 'I llle{aililesl idea about / no/II'I 111'1' . e. To nuj iniiu] . I think . I{ljOIl ask II/I' . Pcrsollally.g.. Alllj conunrnts? \FoIIM ylill agree icitli iliat? \Fhal arc uour cicics 011. AsIaI' as rill ('OII('ITlied.~ \FIUlt's 1j()lIr0J!il/ioll.0 tIJ Exchanging opinions Too young or too old? Work through the Function File cards before doing the activity opposite. Til III' quite 1101I1'S1 / [raul: . a meeting? Which expressions are often used when addressing an individual in a more formal situation. .~ \F1U1t do yOIl think: .Module 1C/O • Speaking Spotlight on Paper 5 Parts 3 and 4 1. rill quit« couviucr«! tliat . ASKING FOR THE OPINION OF OTHERS Which expression is often used when addressing a group of people in a more formal situation.q a Tv interview with a politician? Which expressions are more suitable for an informal exchange of ideas? \Fhal / HOlC al)(ml ucn::' \FoIIM 'l'!" care 10 ('II II 1/1Ii'1iI Oil . GIVING YOUR OPINION Which expression sounds rather rude and off-hand and suggests that you have nothing else to say? Which expresses a very strong opinion? III Illy 0/iillioll / cicu:. e. C(.. ~ 16 .

to . . Refer to the Function File cards. of course. I could IICUT do / hc hilt I'd rCI/IlI/ Clliol/ . and .. I/IlIf time' 17 . Appoint one person to make a note of the group's opinions and when you have finished. Refer to this Function File card to reply. In small groups discuss which of these jobs could be done more successfully by someone in the 20-30 age range or an older person and why.. . . compare your ideas with those of another group. I'd prefcr ... than . state your own point of view but you will also be given credit for inviting your fellow candidates to express their views and encouraging them to make a contribution when they remain silent. dolitc"c· r L Q ~ 1. I'd !Jefl/r liapnicr doillg. EXPRESSING PREFERENCES Which expression sounds as if It is simply contrasting one thing with another but is actually denoting a very strong preference? Which expression is more colloquial and would be used in an informal conversation? I'd nuic[: rat licr (do) tlutn .ccn .1 lIJ Expressing personal preferences In pairs ask your partners which of the jobs in the pictures above they would prefer and why... Thcre's 110 comparison het u.Jobs and training • Module 1C/O You must. Cice me .

2. rcwards drain ~>dge recalling .Module 1C/O • Speaking 2. your qualifications and experience. Make brief notes about your partner. 0 Listening for facts and figures Now listen to a radio programme about a man who. Fill in the missing details and answer the questions about him.0 _lIJ Asking about personal details When you go for an interview or apply for a job you may be asked some questions about yourself. then discuss the differences in meaning. Use the simplified CV below to ask a partner questions which may be asked in an interview. then listen carefully a second time to check your original answer. First name(s): Address: Education: Qualifications: Experience: Interests / hobbies: Family name: Date of birth: Tell the class two things which you found interesting about your partner.'5) 19H6 Afte-r completing doctorate we-nt to ((-j) Age: :3:2 At present: Assistant profe-ssor of ( [ ) passl's at at at Oxlorc! Thinks pcople should Ill' ullo-vcd to spl'l'ializl' in SUhjl'l'tS the\ (7) \Veakness: :\ot H'IY good at (H) What prompted Simon's decision to move in 1986? How do you know? How does he keep in touch with his friends? 2.1.itt: in (. You are sometimes asked to produce a Curriculum Vitae (CV) outlining this information.ailll'd (:3) All\anc('([ Ll'\el 197H-19H 1 Studir«] H) Essex Univrrsitv 19IH-19H6 Doctor. take it in turns to read out one pair of words paying particular attention to the pronunciation and word stress.2 lIJ Sound discrimination The left-hand words in each pair below all appeared in the interview in 2.1 Sometimes information for an answer appears at a later stage on the tape or clarifies what has been said earlier. was a genius. Pencil in what you hear first. as a teenager. In pairs. Name: Dr Siiuou \lar!ow at the Univorsitv of (:2) 197H (.'5 pure 1 :2 :3 -l rewords grain hedge recdiling poor (-j 7 S 9 10 yague hdiej' rcjl~l'ted resist mail \'ogue lll'lil -vrdejel'ted persist nail 18 .

Trn«. 19 . Look at these various methods of learning and training and in groups of four discuss which you consider to be the most and the least effective ways of learning or training to do something.uitl. YOII 11/11.\'fio}l (~r. In fact you will be able to make a fuller contribution to the speaking test if you have some different ideas of your own to express.J IWjokillg.». it is not a good idea to indulge in an over-heated argument: most examiners do not want to hear a violent disagreement. Two students should put forward arguments for the options on the top and the other two for those on the bottom.Jobs and training • Module 1C/O 2.' You do not have to agree with your fellow-candidates all the time.2 opposite. liut l cau 'I I/{'III Illillkillg tlutt . lnit dOIl'lljOIl tliiul: tliat . [SI'I' lelwi/joll 1111'1111 but rill 11011/11/11 icnuiuri-c! t li«! . which could be embarrassing! So try to be polite and friendly at all times! l lal«: Ijollrlloilll l ntt tlutts 1101 II/{' Inllj [SI'I' it. hut YOII 1'1111 'I rlill/li'l/id [ diwl/. circle the word you hear. Refer to the Function File cards on page 16 as well as the one above. A clear idea of the context of what you are listening to and who might be speaking will help you to make a reasoned guess as to any ambiguous words or information.3 Listen carefully to the context. However.0 l!J Disagreeing politely DISAGREEING POLITELY Which expressions sound as If they are being used to dismiss the other person's point of view? Which expressions are more diplomatic? rlIITI' 1IIIIIj Iii' SOIIlI' 1J10rC (/ (jlu'. YI'I. i . Prrluu..!.11 truth ill lc!wlljOllllllj lnit dOIl'lljolllllillk iis '. Each sentence of their conversation contains one of the words in 2. 3. o Sound discrimination Listen to a conversation between a father and his son. As you listen to them talking.rI'I' Iw si-riou:' .

ofil 'jOIl /IIil. 'l'"! uin' I IIIIISI rulrn)! ii« 11'111' thnt ' IIII}i}lOII' 'joll'rl' riglll. retraining gin'n to older pcople.\' arc so Il1an.Module 1C/O • Speaking 3.1 l!J Admitting that you might be mistaken ADMITTING fHAf YOU MIGHf BE MISfAKEN Which expression sounds rather defeatist and is used to end an argument? Which expression IS very colloquial and rather grudgingly concedes that the other person has a point? Which expressions are used to suggest that you might possibly have made a mistake? Which expression admits quite freely that you were wrong? I lu/lll1'l 11wlI. the agf' of retirement. rOil '1'1' (111 it I' rid I I. part-time and shift work. mode-rn me-thods of production. 3.2 l!J Discussion UNEMPLOYED FIGURES RISE AGAIN Here's how we solve the unemployment problem! \ rh. ill Fllirl'lIolll.C!. Take the roles you took in 30.!/l. or cou I'll'.111 0(. numhc-rs or people ill the world.' .. Appoint a 'secretary' to makes notes on the group's opinions. You have four to five minutes to reach agreement.!/ll 1)(' riglll. 20 . You might consider: • • • • • • • • the t\pes or jobs availahl«. but this time tell your partners that you have been persuaded by their arguments and say why. Refer to the Function File cards opposite. training / ('c!llcation gin'n to \ollng people'. Remember to invite the other members of the group to have a turn if they remain silent or have not had the opportunity to make a contribution to the conversation." people without work nowadavs? \\'hat can we do uhout it'~ In small groups discuss the newspaper headlines and the questions below.\11 rigl11 ~ tliat IClIff- Come 10 tliiu]. the school-lr-aving agf'.

11/(/1'(' II silcakillg suspicion 11/(/1 .' II's mllwrrlifficilil tosin. \LH II/(/I's 11/(/1 IIICII. 21 .. lnu.'(///1 I al« . [uul icn] . opinions in books or articles you have read. lnit l uoultl ill/(/gilll'. or discuss what you have talked about in class.gJ"('cllwlIl. .Jobs and training • Module 1C/O If your mind goes blank. hili. don't be an empty-headed candidate! Start talking about people or situations you are familiar with. 1'1'('//('1'('1' lu«! IIII/jillillg 10 rio / cxpcricucc oj'. IIau'II'1 a elIIC. It must not appear to be a prepared speech' COMMENTING ON SOMETHING YOU KNOW NOTHING ABOUT Which expression could suggest that you are about to criticize someone or something? Which expressions sound off-hand and fail to develop the Interaction? What effect does usmq expressions like these have on the person you are talking to? Why is it a good thing to make an effort to develop the interaction even if you have no opinions on the subject? Aet/utllij. . 10 rio liul« icitli . 1('(' 'J"(' 11 looks as iflcc al! agJ"('I' tlutt . 1 rio II 'I 1/(/1'(' 1lIl/l.fini-I/(/llrI Sca rch II u:' l'c!"Sollal!/j. remember what you say must be spontaneous and relevant to the discussion. FINDING OUT IF EVERYONE AGREES Which expression sounds rather dismissive and very informal? Which sounds rather formal for this kind of discussion? Which expressions could be used diplomatically to draw a discussion to a close? So agJ"(.' "'c Iljij}('ar 10 agrcc Oil . .('(1Oil ." 11 uoul«! IljJj}('llr tliat ICC arc ill COllljiletc a. Each group's secretary can now report back to the class on the group's decisions. (. it 11/(/1 (T(TIjOIlC agrccs 11/(/1.\rc ICC all ill Ilg/TCIIICIlI . However.

In the same groups discuss the questions.s good administrative.'-g()illg 4 uuivr-rsitv degree tlm«. Their personal interests are illustrated in the thought bubbles. Take three to four minutes then report your conclusions to the rest of the class.(TSit~· 110 dl'gn'(' joh ('. :3 \111i\.!)('ri('l1c(' ('as:. Whv do sonu.people find joh interviews so terrif\ing'? \\'hat do \UU thin k e-mplovers are looking for when thc-v inte-rvie-w people'? \\'hat advice would von gin' to someone going {(H' their first joh inte-rvie-w:' \\'hat advice would von gin' to someone who has just biled a joh inte-rvie-w:' There are more Paper 5 Part 3 and 4 tasks in the Task bank on pages 91-95.Module 1C/O • Speaking l!J Part 3 Exam practice The right person for the right job Look at the five photographs of people who are trying to find a job. Read the brief notes about them and in small groups decide what kind of Job you think would suit these people and why.children IllIahle to work unsocial hours ..'-0 . 22 .skills hard worke-r recellth ll1ad(' rc-dunrlnnt Part 4 At this point the examiner will join the discussion.-. sc!J()()II('an'r 110 e"alll qllal ificatioll 110 joh ('''peri('lIc(' no univc-rsitv degn·(· ollice skills willin« to work Iou« hours . asking questions like these.

in groups. . I e(//I'I uuti«: 0111 iclia! il is.LISTENING A Sorry. II sounds like. It SOII/U/S (IS if. IHml'lil '" ".5 6 I 9 10 23 . Listen to ten background sounds and. suggest where you might hear them. I didn't quite catch that! Leisure activities and holidays Mind over matter o Today's technology Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 1 1. It coul«! UTlj lull II!' / coultlnt j!ossilil/j /)(' . You will not need to identify background sounds in the exam but they can sometimes be useful clues when trying to put what you hear into a context ") .0 n Identifying background sounds SPECULATING ABOUT WHAT YOU HEAR What words or phrases would you use to follow the first three expressions? Could you add some alternative expressions to this list? It souiul« .

Module 2A

Listening

1.1

n

Coping with voices against background sounds.

You will hear six people talking over some background sounds. In groups, decide who might be speaking, what the background sound is, where the person might be and what might have happened or might be happening. Try to use some of the expressions on the Function File card in 1.0.

Speaker
1 2

Sound

Place

Situation

3
4

5
(j

2.0
Try not to be put off by accents. They are used in the exam only because not everyone speaks English with the same accent. You will almost certainly be exposed to a variety of accents in the exam but they are never unintelligible and you will never be asked to identify them!

n

Coping with accents

You will hear five speakers with different accents. As you listen, try to match the speakers' accents with the nationalities below. There are some clues in what the speakers are saying to help you! Then compare your answers with a partner's.
a Aiuc-ricau h Auxtrali.m Speaker I Speaker 2 Spl'aker :3 e E1Iglish d Scottish l' Speakt'r .f Speaker ;) Irish g South African

f \"eIsh

2.1

n

Making a logical guess about context

Listen to five speakers and try to work out what they might be talking about. Make some brief notes in the spaces below.

o

24

Sorry, I didn't quite catch that:

Module 2A

Which key words helped you to guess the context?
1
2

.s _
3.0 O. Keeping an open mind about what you hear
FINDING our

xeour CORREcr SPELLING

Which expressions would you use to decide with a partner whether these words are spelt correctly or not?

a h c d c f
h

ucuinmodation

h c!ccic'\c'

conscie-nce()(,llditC'd professional vau M 0"(' ,-' CI11 harras 11]( -nt

.i

courte-ous gllarantee

k we-the-r I husnc-ss
III

cr

comparnhlc

11

feasihle .ux-ustomc-d

/fOIC do I/Oll sjic!! '[air', yOll kuoic. 'hlont!'?

Do
Arc

1/011 S})C!! '...

' Ici!1I OIlC 'c' or tico:'

tlure IICO 'I's ill '.. '',)

Haec I sjicll this corrcctli]?

Could 1/011 jilmsc clu-e]: 1111/ ')iellillg Is '... ' sjicli ICi! 1/ 'ic' or 'ci '.',)

or· ' ,)

You will hear twelve words on tape, As you listen, write them in the spaces below. There are two ways, if not more, of spelling the words! e.g.
fare (payment to travel) fair (not raining, blond, just, entertainment with stalls and rides)

'Have I got the right fare?'

1
2

25

Module 2A

Listening

.J

_

9
10

II
12

Now compare your answers with those of a partner and decide what the words mean.

3.1
Although no exercise in Paper 4 tests spelling alone, spelling is taken into consideration in the marking of the paper as a wrong spelling can interfere with communication. You may have to use your knowledge of spelling rules to make a logical guess about how to spell a word.

lIJ Recognizing words
Read out the words below and in pairs decide whether they follow any common spelling patterns. You may need to refer back to exercise 4.0 on page 9.
I rat rate' :2 write writtt-n :3 cOllc('it ]w!i(,\(, -+ tltrollglt nlllglt \horollgll ,S kIlO\\kdg('ahl(' n'('('i\'ahk Ilo\i('('ahk fi elf ekes / ])('!ief heli('fs ,. potato potatoes / piallo piallos [» fn l'nillg ~) ("l'('('d nist
10 qu.un-l (!'JaITell(,d II acaclr-mv accouuuodatiou 12 mil« milt'ag('

Give other examples which follow each of the patterns.

4.0

o

Interpreting information correctly

You will hear a news item from local radio then you will hear the item again split into ten short extracts. The notes, jotted down while the writer was listening to the news item, are incorrect as the writer has misheard what the speaker said. Listen carefully to the complete news item first, then to each extract and try to correct the notes.
1 :2 :3 Ronald Broom ..
190(i . .. 191[» ...

five

teas. '. .

owned black ta,is ... proper tea .. (i (lise 1 re . . . osu guess right .. ,. [» .. , the grand four ... free storage ... down-and-out 9 . untaxed . 10 . fC'lTV across. its some f~\re ...
'J

-t

26

• choice of goods. Describe either the right or the left side of the picture to a partner. • prices. • location of shop / market. Allow three or four minutes. Appoint one member of the group to take notes. report your decisions to the rest of the class. When you have finished. You might consider: • the type of service. I didn't quite catch that: • Module 2A 4. 27 . B Now join with another pair and discuss the positive and / or negative aspects of a shop like the one above. • time available for shopping.1 l!J Evaluating differences A This is a picture of the kind of shop mentioned In 4.0. of present-day supermarkets and of open-air markets.Sorry.

try to guess the spelling! You will hear the recording twice. 28 .Module 2A • Listening n Exam practice: sentence completion You will hear a news story about a man who made newspaper headlines because of his metal detector. complete the sentences. As you listen. 1\1 r Lawson works as a ( I ) Ilis discovcrv had bill 1l1H!('IlTtt-d sin('(' l Ie. II(' fact's Mr Lawson found the tre-asure whil« searching for lost (7) (ii) He will not rccein' compensation for objec-ts 1](' did not hi in S( 'It (s) He thinks that in future people with nu-tal (lett-dors Illigllt 1)(' ull\villing to (9) In the last few years mctal-ddel'ting has n'sultt-d ill the handing in of ( 1()) Duvid Curnev thinks that l)('ople who make these disc()\('ries should he (1 I) Perhaps now we should think about changing (1:2) There are more Paper 4 Part 1 tasks in the Task bank on pages 96-98. . If he does not coinplv with the n'quest of tIl(' allthoriti('s.storc-d liis t rc-uxu rc.ill i:j) (:21 The discovc-rv was nlade on (-i) After his disc()\er\" he ilnlll('diateh (5) . If you don't recognize some of the words you need.

.: . e.' He is in his / the second year at university. by using the same words in a different context or different words in the same context.I) beside the activities from 1. ) Bristol UI (()) C:lil11hing (9) Southport II) "I f:2. You may need to rephrase your information slightly to fit a different context.. 1. put a tick (. . e. n Listening for information which is repeated Listen to some young people talking about leisure activities. Use the time to read the instructions and notes carefully so that you are well-prepared for what you are goingto hear and what you have to do. As you listen to the speakers. The space will tell you roughly how much you are expectedto write.50 a class 29 .0 which are mentioned. lfJ Speculating Look at the grid below and guess what missing information you will need to supply and what the headings A-O will be. Find out a if the students In your group have ever tried any of these activities and whether they enjoyed them.J C I: I a se-ssion £:3 a day D Plio)\(' (2) Plio)\(' cluriu« (-1-) t-v Selld (I) \\'ritC'ili \\'ritc ill BinI \\arclliw. 1.0 lfJ Asking for and expressing opinions In groups of three or four try to name these various activities then check your answers with the key on page 147.2 Do not write too much in the gaps inthe note-taking task . 'He is a second-year university student.g.about oneto three words.. A 1. or saying the same thing later.Leisure activities and holidays • Module 28 Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 2 1. They say the same thing more than once but in a different way.[ ! B BinllillglJalll . c which of the activities they would absolutely detest doing and why. This is called recycling information.1 Inthe exam you will have time to read through the notes for the task before you listen to the tape.g. b which of the activities they would really like to try and why.

g. write the phrases in the spaces below.3. . The first is done for you . 1 . 30 . a b c d 2.2. Listen only once . As you listen.4 ifJ Making assumptions based on listening material Who do you think the programme is aimed at? What style of language does the programme adopt? What do you think the presenters look like? What kind of people might they be? Try to answer the following questions about the programme you heard in 1. e.3 o Extracting and filling in missing information Listen to the tape and fill in the missing information in the table in 1. ) (1 I ~) !O Identifying word stress helps you to understand what is being said . Listen again to the programme If you wish.Module 26 • Listening 1.all the information you need is recycled in some way. then read them aloud.and using word stress correctly yourself will make what you say more easily understood! Listen again and mark the stresses on the words you have written down. a package h6liday.0 0 Identifying word stress in new vocabulary You will hear ten phrases connected with travel and holidays.

Clues: listen for icell ill the minoritu Oil good terms a trace (!{ IIIlCaSe 31 .1 0 Interpreting and rephrasing information Read through the multiple choice questions and the clues which are given to help you focus on the relevant information for the right and wrong answers.1 discuss briefly with a partner how the bargain break operates. They are not in the same order as they appear on the tapel a n-ullv ('Iliming vourse-ll b using your own me-nus of transport c lilrgetting about vour i-vc-rvdnv worries 3.1 0 Identifying repeated information Listen to a radio advert for a half-price bargain holiday break being offered by a national newspaper. C 'Luggers' and 'tuggers' think there is YeTY little difft'n'nc(' he-twe-e-n them. Tick the words and phrases below every time you hear them mentioned or referred to in some way. a two nights' holiday for the price of one b tokens c the Da ily Te!egmIJ!1 d between August l-l.Leisure activities and holidays • Module 28 2.m I WI'S.uuv.2 l!J Discussing how something is organized Using the words and phrases in 2. Allow yourselves about two minutes.0 0 Identifying paraphrases Listen to a short extract from the introduction to a travel programme and. B dislike motorcaravanners. 3. as you listen. C tolerate motorcaravanners. note down the three phrases which have the same meaning as the following expressions. B 'Luggers' are motorcaruvanners whereas 'tugg(TS' are caruvuunc-rs. I \ "hat is the diffen'nce between 'luggns' and 'tuggns"~ A 'Luggers' are caravanur-rx whereas 'tuggers' are motorc. Clues: listen for are kiuncn as tlici] luu:« a lcorrlfiJr it :2 The programme suggests that caravannc-rs A outnumber motorcaravanncrs.and Septelll bcr fi e collector cards f you can take a(hantage of this offer twice Compare the number of ticks you made with a partner. Which references appeared the most often? Why were these ones repeated so often? 2.

You'd he cm. I'd certainlu recomuiend .:. Clues: listen for Hick [cnkin» iclu: u.. better (IIOt) . 3. Before you begin. ? Can you think of any other expressions to add to the list? I'd iu. It's high time !Iou . don't panic! The word is often explained in a different way later in the listening material and unusual vocabulary items are not tested. If! YOII'd ""Iy Oil earth don't you . refer to this Function File card and discuss your answers to the questions with other Student As. C travr-l in comfort. 011 110 account sl/Ould 'l'"! . . which best expresses what the speaker is saying. You will probably need to listen to the tape twice. B the vchiolc would be too small for camping.0 about people who own motorcaravans and choose the answer.([CclistOllied to If you don't recognize a word. Clue-s: listen for for (//) experimeutal falllil!f car it leill lieI'd to he iceckcvu] -l.2 t!J Advising someone (not) to do something and putting forward another point of view Pairwork Student A Your partner wants to buy a motorcaravan but you do not like motorcaravans. either A. . C the vehicle would he too big for evervdav lise. tccrt: !fOil. I thin]: you'd he icell a(h'ised to . 8 or C. advise your partner not to buy one. 32 .y (IIOt) to . .oultlnt ) .-\ retire earlv and travel. . .The luggers' motto could he: . Then listen to someone talking on the same radio programme as you heard in 3.liilc licillg ill licconu.Module 28 • Listening :3 Potential buyers should ask themselves whether A it would be cheaper to hire a vehicle. Basing your advice on what you heard in 3.1. . B ignore the discomfort and travel. ADVISING SOMEONE (Nor) ro DO SOMETHING Which expression sounds too impersonal and too formal for this situation? Which expression sounds very familiar and somewhat offensive? Which expression sounds very colloquial and suggests some irritation on the part of the speaker? Which expression implies that the listener has not been doing the right thing up to this point? How would you complete the sentence I'd certainly recommend ..

:J :J BUI icoultln'! you (/gree tliat .S) In restaurants the British never (r-i)_ The Italians love to visit (7) __ The Americans make a big effort to be (8) The Japanese are never seen without (9) _ It seems as if the whole world is slowly becoming (1()) There are more Paper 4 Part 2 tasks in the Task bank on pages 98-100. 33 .Leisure activities and holidays • Module 2B Student B You are very interested in buying a motorcaravan but your partner doesn't like them. For questions 1-10. BUI 10 look at itfnJlII another point oft:iClC. Explain to your partner what you think about motorcaravans and say why you think your partner might be wrong about them. Sun'llj you (. uobodi] ill tlicir righl mind tcoul«}tliiu]: tlia! . complete the sentences with an appropriate word or short phrase. refer to this Function File card and discuss your answers to the questions with other Student Bs. Before you begin. Exam practice: sentence completion You will hear part of a radio programme which suggests what tourists from all over the world think about each other. PUTTING FORWARD ANOTHER POINT OF VIEW Which expressions sound like insults? Can you add any other expressions to the list? Ycs. hut 011 tlrc ol!/('r luuul. Look.(/11'1 rcalli] [nlici:«. Listen very carefully as you will hear this recording ONCE only. tlon 't you think iliat . Some German tourists rise carlv to reserve a (1) All nations have their own ideas about (2) The Germans think manv Dutch tourists (:3) The Spaniards think the Dutch and Belgians are not very good at driving (4) French tourists in other countries never seem to enjoy (.

) is.n-. Sncl.m. IS. If you hesitate. Try to write down as much as you can without having to stop the tape.. ~ ~ TIl(' le-tte-rs HOYGBI\' hclp IlS ]"('1111'1111)('1' tlu.(-+) \\'I. Xlorocco Tunisia h the countries of the \\'hite :\ilt.2 a lfJ Design your own mnemonlcs In small groups can you make up mnemonics for the items below? the countrie-s of Xorth-West Africa: Algeria. do not panic I There will always be enough information on the tape and on your answer sheet for you to understand what it is about and do what is expected of you.g (~J) 1. 131' n'lllillds us or two c-ountrie-s witliout (. n Listening for unusual information Memory mapping Listen to someone talking about memory mapping and complete the sentences. Ugallda Can you think of mnemonics in English for other things you find difficult to remember? 34 . Practise in your own language by trying to take notes from the news on the radio or TV using a kind of 'shorthand' or note form of your own. I HOYCBI\' = -+ \\1\1:\\1 ..(5) III tIl(' COmcr nminds IlS wlu-r« (h) Oil the EqLAtOH rc-miucls lIS \\1]('1'(' . The capital letters in 2-8 are the first letters of words in lists of information which are often difficult to remember.1 Practise writing as you hear the information. but at the same time keep listening to what comes next. l)('<fi11nillu wit]: tl«: Il'lkrs ( I) . .0 Although the listening passage may be about something you are not very familiar with.Module 2C • Listening Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 3 1.: Eh"Vt. There is onlv 0111' xvorc! ill the cliction.) 131' = :) S\IIIEO= :3 C:\:\T = 1. and the task may look rather complicated at first sight. You will soon learn how to do it quite quickly! n Making notes while you listen Memory mapping Listen to the tape again and note down the words that the capital letters in 1.(:2) S1\IIIEO help l1S rcmc-mlx-r tl](' (:3) CA:\T help IlS n-uu-mhc-r tlu.\I:\\II]('lp lIS n-uu-ml x-r t hc.) A SII('('I'SSI'tI1 aid to 11\('11l0]"\ Illappillg ah\a\s has a slroll.0 can stand for. you may miss vital information for the next question.

" ·.1 l!J Correcting what is not accurate In pairs correct the statements in 2. 35 .\I"!II(/{{Ij.Mind over matter • Module 2C 2. 1/11I(1 1101 111Ii!1' rig/II.' I dOli 'I thin]: 1111I(1' correct."11 1"'I'sollal IJll('stioIIS.In' 1 " ' 1 " .0 Try to work out what the important or key words are to help you focus on what to listen for as you read throughstatementsor multiple choiceoptions. CORRECTiNG WHAT is NOT ACCURATE Which expression sounds abrupt and rude? Which expression sounds too formal? . is it:' Iu/ill"!. C men to create connections hetwccn people. 3. B Now listen for the information targeted in bold and decide whether the speaker makes these statements or not. SII rl'{l/ 1111I(1 not righl. A Before you listen read the statements carefully and notice how the important information in 1-4 is highlighted in bold. )"11 SlrlllJlcl . ForgieI' IIII' i(l cont rtulict 1/011.J D(~horah"s second book n-minds lIS how ('as\ it is lor communication 10 break down. 'J The Britisl: . :3 The question-and-answer teclilliquc prevents us Iroin aplwarilll2. o Listening for key information You will hear someone talking to an author about two of her books.11IakS(' \()III" ()II IISIIII' "I spl'akil'l2.111I1 . I Couvorsatiou is a tool use-cl hv A men and women for the same purpose. () \. D men and women to create a sense of communitv.1)110s first 1l'111l('.0 0 Listening for key information in multiple choice questions A You will hear part of a radio programme about how to communicate with people. -t Men often ask too man~ personal questions. c 'J'/III(S (/1i'w{1I11' mlillisll. . 2. read through the multiple choice questions.I'. too vague. <I. The key information in 1 and 2 is highlighted in bold.0 which are not accurate. Before you listen.wcth/ II/{' O}I}IOli!l'. il \. can'fulk.i. Highlight what you consider to be the key information in 3 and 4. . u. B women to maintain a relationship. What words would you highlight In 5-77 Dr-hornhx first book hi~hli~hts the cliffen~nces ]wtw('ell til(' wav youn~ and old people speak. using expressions on this Function File card..

B refused to do it. who had a full-time. C decided he hadn't time to do it. Before you listen. What breakdown of communication took place? The book-keeper needs help with the invoicing. B Now listen to the tape and put a pencil mark beside the most likely answer. C Bms gin' each other options when deCiding what to do. c: lIe prdl'IHll'lllll' had not hl'ard her.1 lIJ A breakdown in communication The following two exchanges appeared on the tape in 3. D quarrelled with her about doing it. \Vhen a cake shop owne-r asked her male manager to do something. I'm leaving soon anyway. 3. B Politely tell him exactly what she wants him to do. to contribute to the household expenses. 4 \Vhat is tl](' dilfen'm'e lx-twet-n girls' and hovs conve-rsational shks? A Bovs gin' girls direct commands.0.joh. .Module 2C • Listening 2. listen to the tape again to check that your answers are correct. . Then. what dicl h« do') A Ill' rented a pial'(' of his own. I) I Ie kft the matte-r open. referring back to the Function File card in 2. 3. What do you think about helping her out? OK. tell a partner why you think the other options are not correct. D Ask him clircctlv wll\ he won't do what she asks. \) Cirls an' mort. 1 How should the cake shop owner gin' orde-rs to the male enlplo\ee? A Insist that he helps with the invoicing. .1. C Persuade him mer a period of time to do what she wants.3 \\'hen a mother asked her adult son. When you have finished. lw A forgot all ahout doing it.m hms. 36 . read through the multiple choice questions below and highlight what you consider to be the key information in tr options. BIll' n-luctuntlv agn'l'd to pa\ rent.likelY to 1)(' asslTtin' th.2 (1 Listening for key information in multiple choice questions A You will hear a continuation of the radio programme about how to communicate with people. . B Cirls get their own wav 1)\ making suggestious. . I think it would be fair for you to pay rent now.

lIl editor make? :\ S!I(' indnlgl'<l in too much 'small talk' with her f(~malc cmplovees. D Ask him directly when she can expect a contribution. Cor D. B She delegated too murh work to the other employees. Highlight the key information to listen for and do not make your final choice of answer until you have heard the whole piece twice. B Listen to the tape and put a pencil mark beside the most likely answer. C \Ve would be better off separating the sexes. e: :\l'Il 'I' ask \. B She took on mort' responsibility herself. B She doesn't know how to solve the problem easily. B Ke-e-p tlu.(T. . O. e: She appointe-d another manager to run the office. (: Xl c-u think personal conve-rsation helps the-m to cOlldllct busine-ss.whe-n talking to me-n. D Whatever vou do.Mind over matter • Module 2C :2 How should thc mother deal wit]: her son? A Insist that he honours her wishes. (Remember. D She underestimated the importance of the personal touch. :3 \Vhat mistake. tell a partner why you think the other options are not correct. B \YOllll'll think pe-rsonal c-onve-rsation lu-lpx \\'()Jlill~ re-lationships. C Gin' him a deadline to produce the money. Exam practice: multiple choice questions Listen to two people. 37 . Now listen again and check that you have chosen the right answer. :2 According to Susan. 4 How did the woman editor rectifv her mistake? A SIH' decickd to re-cruit more male employees. what should a woman who works with men try to do? A Ne-ve-r sociali:«: with colleagues after work. choose the correct option from A. Susan and Dave.did OIH' WOIII.1. C She modified a decision she had previously made. you can't win. read through the multiple choice questions and options. as you listen.' pe-rsonal questions.'snwll talk' lor breaks at work. D Women think personal conversation inuppropriun. before you listen.) I \Vhat initial statement clot's Susan make about men's and women's spt'aking shles'~ A Both men and wunu-n 1I1ix 'business and 'personal' conve-rsation. D Avoid ])('COlllilig iuvolvc«] with colleagues.5 \Vhat final comment docs Susan make? A Yon should get the balance right. then. You will hear the recording twice. B Encourage him to be more honest with her. talking about how to communicate with each other and. There are more Paper 4 Part 3 tasks in the Task bank on pages 100-104. again using the Function File card in 2. B. D She allowed the other employees longer breaks during the day .

g.0 L!J Finding out a partner's opinion Commenting on something you may know nothing about In pairs. vlor« th. e.Module 20 • listening Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 4 1.u«! tl)(' shop I t Ii i II k t l u. ask your partner to think of one good and one bad point about video games.S the console or computer system you own (G) r I 1"('('1 1'lIllwille. Keep calm and just work out what information is being asked for. (l\(' I !l'(']1'1l1]will<f h reli arg('( 1 (:3 ) I k('11'1l1 I)('ill" . (2) \)\ tli(' mauul. a hit than I was How long. with the rest of the class. on average. How do you (I) Ior games r lias the pr'ice of new ganle.ks L('SSil:2 38 .pril'('S an' Its IlIad(' IIi(' 1('ss I think tli('\ (. do you playa game before it (10) Don't be put off by an unusual layout or format in an examination task.1 L!J Interpreting visual information In the same pairs as in 1. look at the three pie charts and try to explain what they are showing.h rohl)('d 1)\ tli(' n uuml:« til n -rs .uturc-r-. 1. then.m si'\ \\('('ks 47% !ktw( '( -u two Be-twe-e-n ( 11 and lour w('\.'5) (}) ) (11 Ye-s. put a list of good and bad points on the board. diagrams and charts.0.

1.. fill in the missing information in the charts in 1.ho 9 Which words helped you to guess the identity of the speakers? 39 . As you listen. s 7 8 scanned by aOgo\@argyre. Remember that you may have to rephrase some of the information you hear.0 n Interpreting attitudes The pros and cons of video games Listen to some people talking about video games and decide whether their statements indicate that they approve or disapprove of or are neutral towards the games by ticking (v') the appropriate box.2 n Listening for specific information Facts and figures You will hear some young people answering questions about video games. Compare your answers with a partner. 'our patients'..Today's technology • Module 20 1. Listen for clues like 'our games'. Which answers needed changing or putting into a different context? 2. More than one option may be possible but here one of the options is not used at all. 'I can't stop'. 'my children'. which will help you to decide who the speaker might be. 'order replacements'.1 The ability to make a logical assumption about identity will help you in Part 4 of Paper 4.in the exam not all the alternatives are needed to answer the question! n Identifying speakers Making assumptions about identity Now listen again and decide who might be making these statements. Approve Disapprove Neulral 1 2 :l 4 :5 ---" (j 7 8 H 2. Parent Teenager Policeman Doctor Video manufacturer 1 2 - . Remember ._- :3 4 o .

You may have to listen twice. and there is only one option that is not used at all.~ hO!TO\\" Now listen to the tape and circle the word in each group which you hear. Remember also to read and listen to the instructions carefully both on your exam paper and on the tape. In this exercise each option is used just once. what you consider to be the key words in the options.f .2 J1 Sound discrimination Words which sound similar but have different meanings can be misleading in a listening test. This will reduce the memory load and help you to skim read all the options and identify the one you need. The words appear in the order in which they occur on the tape. 1 2 :3 . 2.') 10 a doc-snt talk to pcop!(' allY ilion' h gets bore-d at home c plays for half all hour d llt'gkcts home-work c n'cf'in'd the.2 and match the information to the speaker.) (i consu] strictlv viole-t C()]H lucte«] lightning burrow console sicklv violate conducive frightellillg harrow consultation thickly violent conductor fivhtinv (~ . o Matching information Attitudes of players Read through the information below carefully then listen to a longer version of what you heard in 2.3 When looking at a multiple matching exercise underline. Read out the groups of words in the table below and guess which words (one from each group) you might hear when listening to some young people talking about their reactions to video games.Module 20 • Listening 2.ga1!1e as a pn-'s('llt f luvou ritr. It is important to be able to identify a word in a context. either mentally or with a pencil. T\l'ill \!oOJ"(' [axpul Bhatti ~ I T\icholus Scott Khun Karam] .ga1!1c is Stri-c-t Fighter 2 g borrows aggrcssin' ganws h plavs for up to fiye hours thinks S01!1C ga1!1es are boring j likes plming more than watchillg Tv' k docs [rome-work before pla:illg Which option is not used? 40 .

decide what the questions might be. S('(' Pause.:.shoulcl l«: quie-t wlu-n the.Today's technology • Module 20 3.') ') a c Y(".u«] h :\0.. c Pe-ople. F(TI as if the world has ellded.[or a ruouu-nt just to a grippillg h cOIlI!)('lling ilvourc. I'll think ahout it. Mal«: it uliout 1.il and ('Ilkrtaillillg. In pairs.d . a h c a klt-\i. \\'alk straight past.jOII a vide-o n'corder a sakllite dish d calil« T\' a c not at all fn'(!lwilth .) h ouc«: or twice: a h c what's OIL Stand with vour noxr. Cd (Hit a hook or switch Oil the radio.pwssed against th(.0 til Anticipating what you are going to hear Questionnaire Read through the possible answers to a questionnaire about watching TV.u«] wakll with tl)('III.ill tl)(' IIIO()(! c: to 1)(' a\oid(.000 . The questionnaire requires you to tick one answer for questions 2-7 and one or more for questions 1 and 8. I a T\' has kil1ed the art of' cunvr-rsatiou. ') a h e ~ Billg vour friellds unc! ask if \ Oil call go round . \\indO\\'.T\"s OIL ') a h c eating reading taking e-xercise 41 .')00. h [uclicious T\' \iewillg can 1)(' c-dncation.

for example . You do. Choose the answer which best sums up your feelings and attitudes. o Listening for specific information Questions Listen to the questions for the questionnaire in 3. you do not need to write a perfectly constructed sentence. then check your scores on the answers to the questionnaire on page 148 in the key and find out whether you really are an addict or notl Do you agree with the assessment? Why? Why not? o Exam practice: multiple matching You will hear various people talking about today's technology.J I: teacher " actor (. like the ones highlighted in 2. m = male.though you must consider all the options when making your choice! . As you are focusing on listening skills. You will hear the recording twice.2 L!J Evaluating the results An addict or not? Do the questionnaire in 3..1. Do not try to use them all just because they are there .. develop a kind of 'shorthand' abbreviations you will be able to understand when you look at your notes again. however. 42 . The second time. Task one Match the extracts as you hear them with the people listed A-H .tlldl'llt .Module 20 • Listening 3. which will give you clues as to identity and context. if you find it difficult to write notes as you listen. smth = something. do task two. How did the questions compare with yours? 3. just the key Information. In the exam you will only need five out of the eight options. = because of.1 Remember. ~ = leading to. srnb = somebody.0.0 and makes notes in the spaces provided above. Iiliu producer Ii doc-tor Task two Match the extracts as you hear them with the technology listed A-H. need to pay particular attention to spelling. Listen carefully for the key words. A \ ideo films B TY (: radio j) \ ide-o games E lH'rsoual ste-reo F C( »upute-r G compact discs (i ~) II I nobile phone- 10 There are more Paper 4 Part 4 tasks in the Task bank on pages 104-107. f = female.\ social worker I) pare-nt r : shop asxixtunt 1). The first time you hear the recording you should do task one.

grade the events A._-- TALKING ABOUT CERTAINTY. ['III houuc! 10 .. discuss this list of life events and. '['//('1'1. POSSIBILITY AND IMPROBABILITY Which expressions would you use to express near certainty. '['//('1'('\ /I'/"Ij ttut. Ii/ilir/lj Tluns .0 lIJ Predictions about your own future ~----------------------~---_. ? Yesterday and today Art and culture Spotlight on Paper 5 Part 1 1.SPEAKING What if ... cloul»! iu inu iniuc! IrllII!lI)('I'I'/" 1//(/1 .!. ('//(I//('I' ofl 1//(11. using the expressions on the Function File card. possibility or Improbability? What structures follow each of the expressions? Could you add any other expressions to the list? [ tloul)! 11'//('1//('1' . ['1II1I/lso/IlII'/lj coniincct! 1/1111. B or C. Life events • • • • • • • • • • have twins live to be 100 years old become a great-grandparent enjoy your job travel into outer space be made redundant become rich and famous live alone for a number of years be happy change your outlook on life A = almost certain B = possible C = improbable 43 . according to how likely it is that these things will happen to you.!. [ .1!WIl/dll 'I /1i'11l riirisi-c! if.ood I'!/(II 1{'{' of.'\ 110 In pairs.

i. These pictures were published many years ago.0 lfJ Past predictions about the future INTERPRETING PAST IDEAS Which expression sounds formal and rather impersonal? Can you add any expressions to the list? T!WII olnio/lslll tlw/lgllt cit u:« iioulc! / llligiit . Do not forget what you are saying and lapse into an inappropriate simple sentence structure (they think cities wil0 The examiner will be listening to see what level of vocabulary and grammar you are capable of using effectively.lture' 44 . 11 is n'I/lol/(/IJII' to I/SSII/III' tl/('II tl/(J/lglillifi' I L'II/I Id / IlIigllt .. . . decide when the pictures might have been published and how they represent what people thought the future would be like. Remember to stick to a more complex sentence structure (they thought cities would . Use the expressions on the Function File card . They show what people thought life would be like In the future. taking each picture in turn. . C 'tile tea" her 0' • tile h. our 'today' (or even 'yesterday'!).\jJjJI!rI'/ltlll tl/('II IUTI' icnnuuic! tcacl ut» uoulc! / coulcl . In pairs.Module 3A • Speaking 2. and what it would be like in the more distant future.).e. once you have started using it.. You don't want your use of the more complex structure to seem like a lucky guess! 1'rl's/lIIII/IJ/II tlut] ili/(/gill('(1 tml/lj)()l-t /I'()/lid / /Ifigllt .

) liu.. . :) \\'1/111 if.2 l!J Speculating about the past In groups of three. I..' be discoYen--'d .. Discuss which ideas are or might be similar to.. ? Read through the statements below then.mimul« / dc\"(']op the.1 l!J Comparing past predictions with future predictions In groups of three or four.1 l!J Variable stress The words on the left all appeared on the tape in 3.'" is ahollt C\ClltS ill t]}(' futurc-. i s[on ''i )()cahps(' ('apahle (i (':t1I'lllat(.stJ'('llgtli. :3 It is all olltsid(' hroadcast.lnuuun race. (i It nu-ntions t])(' dall.) It is spcclllatilig ahollt a couul r.mkinr] / invr-nt thc whe-e-l :) dinos.0 0 Hypothesizing You will hear a radio presenter talking about a forthcoming radio programme called What if . as you listen. e./ hccome \"('gdariall I' pcnicilliu . 3. 3.[: tI i:I[ i011 cal('ll! :11011 l"('I:lli<ll' . . . had (done). Read them all aloud and mark the stresses. They are stressed differently from the words on the right. - -t Now use one word from each pair in a sentence of your partner.. take it in turns to ask and answer one of the following questions using .same illtelligellcc . if . c'lIT\illg out a Ihn-at. other .uu. . you need to talk about the opposite of what actually happened! -t m. / lx. rrivix . .S(Tics..u-. to present presence filial . decide whether the presenter makes the statements or not by writing Y (for yes) or N (for no) beside them.? • Module 3A 2.wipcd out (i thc whole.0.0 compare with life as it IS today and think of ideas about what it might be like in the future.What if. the artists' impressions in 2. Remember. . OWII.ilit . would have (done). -t TI}(' prograllllll(' is spcclllatillg ahollt a milit.u iou (t:lkc pla('ce Now ask and answer Similar questions about what would or wouldn't have happened in the past if .IS lnnuuu hcillgs 45 .islmica! apl II ':lhpt ic: c:lpahilih I.0.g.gn of IllId('J'('stiIlJatilig all oppourutx . spoken to a 3. . I \\'hat ihapp('Il) ilt!«: H)(i2 Cuh.d 1'( .So\id Illissi]c sit«) :3 \\hlt ihappclI) if sllhsC(ll}('llt n-tuli.) \\hlt ihap!]('Il) i lt l«: LS (carn out : its tlmat to hOlllh t lu. and which different from.m missil« crisis itlTli'r) ovrr til(' (·dg(':~ .) . discuss how the pictures in 2. . . TI}(' prograllllilc is t]1(' last ill tl«.<.

Ollipall\ prolilise: sii'.2 L!J Discussing effectiveness In small groups. etc.het]J('r the . Use some of the expressions on the Function File card on page 43.llillg peopll' likinsurance and persllading tlJ('111 to san' moucv lor tlJ(' lut t m-. fill in the missing information.Module 3A • Speaking 4.m: rn'l' (:3) ill \l'ar:?'O I O. \\·hat \OU woulc! spend tIlt' lump Sll111 of moncx OIL Allow three or four minutes then report your decisions to the rest of the class.1 0 Listening for specific information The picture below was used in an advertisement for a Life Insurance and Pensions company. • • \dwtlwr or not \011 would 1)(' interested in what the' COllipall\ is or!<Till. as you listen to the advertisement. 46 . 4.0 Remember to reply saying what you'll be doing. The advertisement also appeared on the radio and TV Read through the notes below then. L!J Speculating about the future What will you be doing in 20 years' time? Tell a partner what you think you'll be doing in 20 years' time.ulvrrtisc-mc-nt is an l. l lvou (-I) l)ollllSl'S: dqH'lId on (5) COllipall\ prolilise: keep ahead or ((-j) 4. decide: • \\. Sun Alliance Life and Pensions (.fkcti\(' \\a\ or Sl. This will show that you have listened carefully to the question and are capable of uSing more sophisticated language.) At tlJ(' start olpl. where you'll be living.('ahll' ( 1) On applicatiou lor qllotatiolL Cn'(' (::.g allll \\11\'.

.. 47 . l lt«] I lcnouu uluu ua: goil/g to lunipcn. Interpreting artwork Decide what the people in the drawings might be wishing and why. Ilou: I icis].0 lJJ Expressing wishes and regrets EXPRESSING WISHES AND REGRETS Which constructions can be used after these expressions? Which seem to be the most expressive? Ifol//lf .. ? • Module 3A 5. I lcish .What if . Use the expressions on the Function File card. I.

". There are more Paper 5 Part 1 tasks in the Task bank on pages 86-88. Exam practice: asking questions Find a new partner.> J. Now tell the class what you think is the most interesting thing about your partner. Student B Turn to page 112 and find out the answers to the information requested on the information card.1 lIJ Talking about your own wishes and regrets In pairs. Spotlight on Paper 5 Part 2 1. You have three or four minutes to find out some information about each other but you must ask for the information using full questions.Module 3B • Speaking 5. e. lfJ_. WISSANT Hier et Aujourd'hui 1'1. one to the present and one to the future. How long have you been learning English? Student A Turn to page 108 and find out the answers to the information requested on the information card.0 lIJ Describing and spotting the differences A French Town On your own. find out three things that your partner wishes: one referring to the past. look at these two pictures of the French town Wissant and find two things which are the same and five things which are different.g. t 48 .

Using fillers can often give you the time you need. · . using the words and expressions above. • what has happen ed to the small town since the first picture. do not overuse them as the examiner might think you are at a loss for words permanently! In groups of three or four. ('SS Group work In pairs. 11/1' SCI' . I ('(II/ 'I he .. . . You may need some time to think but don't waste time panicking in your own language! Think aloud in English. l tcoulds au tlutt .1'111'1' 17111 . • changes in transport. · . It's diffi{'f/I I tosm] I'.0.. Report back to another group on your decisions. · . 49 .. allow yourselves three or four minute s to decide: • when the first picture was taken. .W('t{l/ hilt. 1//('1'1' ('(II/ '11/(/1'1' {WI'I/ . • lifestyle of the people.2 1fJ Giving yourself time to think GIVING YOURSELF TIME TO THINK Which of the last four expressions offer: • a logical explanation? • a possible explanation? \v. . • the existence of the war memorial. II'! Er .t: I/O/C.. ... tell another pair of studen ts what similarities and differen ces you found in 1.1 lfJ_ Linking contrasting ideas LINKING CONTRASTING IDEAS Which two expressions would be Inappropriate for linking contrast ing ideas when talking about two pictures? uhcrca s IL'lI ill' altlwllg h 17111 Oil tlic otlicr 1/(11111 //('1' I' 1'1 III'.. Use the Function File card and think about: • the numbe r of inhabitants. 1. · . tIIlTI' could lun:« 171'1'1/ . 1//('1'1' lIIigl/f {W['(' {!I'I'II . .Yesterday and today • Modul e 38 1. tlur« nutst 1/(/1'1' been .was t al«-u... However.

You could mention their attitudes towards and feelings about: • • ruodc-stv. fushiou. Make brief notes to help you remember what you have prepared.uu] swimmillg. • • le-isure.l.0 lfJ Describing differences in attitudes Brighton Beach Look at the two pictures of people at the beach In pairs. but remember that in the exam you will be expected to begin talking almost immediately. if you wish.Module 3B • Speaking 2. then prepare a one-minute comparison of the scenes pointing out the possible differences in the attitudes of the people in the pictures. decide what the time interval between the pictures might be. Now give your one-minute talk (30 seconds each') to another pair of students without looking at any notes you may have made: 50 . . s\1llhathil1.activities.

(''\)lLulati()]1 Ilisto!\ pnhlis)l alhallta.2 lfJ Variable stress The words on the left all appeared on the tape. palace inH'llll·d 'J palatial inve-ntor.5 \VIn might his advice not be considcred a good thing !()(la\') fi What happcnccl in !f'.h <''\plain('<! . make notes to help you answer them.. aillages fi v. The news is good training for note-taking as it is packed with facts and figures. as you listen. Read them all aloud and mark the stress.g. listen to the news on the radio in your own language and practise jotting down all the relevant news in note form. Read through the following questions then.. What happencd in 1/. names and places. 51 .You may need to listen twice.Yesterday and today • Module 38 2. 0_ Listening for answers to questions You will hear someone talking on a radio programme about the seaside resort of Brighton as it used to be and as it is today.SO') 7 \\'h~' did this happen? S According to the.1 To help you with note-taking. try listening to a similar broadcast in English. all of which are relevant.people to <10:) -+ \\'11" did he advise.g('()]IS \arid\ nloderatl' Illa"I)('! ic .5:3') :2 \Vhat led to this 'c\(>n1' happcning') :3 What two things did Richurd Bussell advise. e.thcm to do thiS:) . They are stressed differently from the words on the right. how is Brighton rcgarded !o<!a\') 2.uious I S m ()l J<. ') hixturi« -+ pul ilir. When you have devised your own note-taking style. spoken to a partner.« l. rati 0 n mavnc-t h Use one word from each pair in a sentence of your own.programmc.uiou :) .

Use the expressions on the Function File card. -----_.l/ill. \\ '/111/ rlirl'loll 1111. expression could sound rather rude? 1'/11 . j!/I'II'iI'. Be ready to explain what you have said in a slightly different way if your partner does not seem to understand you.0 lfJ Asking someone to repeat something POLITELY ASKING SOMEONE TO REPEAT SOMETHING Wlllcll expression would you use if a loud background noise Interfered with what the speaker was saying? Wllicll expression sounds very polite Indeed? Vvhich expressrons are more Informal? WllICl.----~ Luxury hotel (Groupwork for three students) Student A Descl'ibe the picture below.('{"tlrI'foll II/II //11/1 11'!. jl/"IISI'. pretending that you haven't heard or understood what your partner has said.''' COII/rI'loll 1'111. SO/'I'II -11111/1 ua« //11// il'!Jlill" SO/'I'II . 52 ." II II SOITiI l iu! 1'/11 110/1111'1' I rll'/'sloorl 1'01'1'1'1'//'1 '_.Module 3B • Speaking 3. As you descnbe the picture. Students Band C At intervals Interrupt politely (without annoying your partner).0 1/11/1. try to explain what 11IIght / could / must have happened to the hotel." SOITlf-1 roulil « 'I luar 11'111//11011 !'I Pi'll I sait].<.101'1'11 I rlirlll 'I quit: cat clr tlurt .

Student B: describe the picture. Students A and B.Yesterday and today • Module 38 When you have finished. interrupt politely to ask for clarification 53 . Students A and C: interrupt politely to ask for clarification. describe the picture below SlKjcJcslirlg what miqht / could / must have happened to the ship. look at the picture below and suggest what might / could / must have happened to the train. Now change roles again Stucient C.

3.J D not SOITY E puzzled F ." Do IjOIl go alollg icit h tliat? "'oIlMII't IjOIt . () It's lIn(' to sahotag('. As you listen. .Module 3B • Speaking 3. :1 It's a pllh]icih stunt. decide how they feel about what has happened. Which words best sum up the attitude of the speakers? A upsd 1 B angry C ('\cit(·d " . 1'1]('r('\ 1)('('n an accidc-nt. J Sllrdljlfoll clun! think ilia! .1 . Take it in turns to ask the other students whether they agree with each statement or not. 5 G rc liey('(l II bored 54 . Groupwork Decide which of the following explanations for what happened in the pictures on pages 52 and 53 is the most likely. Use the expressions on the Function File card.\'([lj that.-' «uiltv .J Tlu-ns lx-c-n a Iirc-. tluu! uou: icitl.. -l TII('J"(:s lx-c-u an e-xplosion. 2 1'h('J"(:s lx-r-u un c-arthquu]«-. Do IjOIl rl'lllllj thin]: that.l!J Asking if someone agrees ASKING IF SOMEONE AGREES Which expression expects the listener to agree? Which expression sounds as if you are trying to persuade someone to agree with you? Which expression gives the impression that you do not believe what you are hearing? Do / "!ollid IjOIl agree YOIl agree. . " See also Finding out if everyone agrees on page 21 . I IWI/(Ia ifijOIl icoulil agree.2 o Interpreting attitudes Listen to some people talking about the hotel in the picture on page 52.

after one minute. . Youju«! 1'(/11'1 COII/j)I/i'('. If you simply describe the picture and do not mention the attitudes and problems of those living there.' There'« /10 comparison /)('IICI'cl/ 131/ (I/ull(/rgc. lju»t dOIl'1 SCI' /U!lC 1/01/ 1'(/1/ COI/II' COl/lj)(/i'('. but your ability to talk about what the examiner asks you to talk about. Your partner will time you and stop you. if necessary. Oil 1/11' tcltol« . 4. Use the expressions on the Function File card. ofnl. Pairwork Discuss with a partner how the loft extension in the Jones's house has changed the appearance of the building and the quality of life of the people living in it.Yesterday and today • Module 36 4. you have failed to take up the opportunity to show what you can do.1 tfJ Comparing and contrasting COMPARING Which two expressions mean 'generally speakinq'? Which expression sounds rather rude and dismissive? Can you add any other expressions to the list? I(I/Ol/ ('olllj)llre . .0 tfJ Commenting on what you see Loft extension Look at the advertisement and individually make notes to prepare a one-minute description of the Smiths' house (the one on the left) and the attitudes and problems of the people living in it. Take it in turns to describe the house and the Smiths to a partner. Remember what is being tested in Part 2 is not just your ability to keep talking. How effective is the advert in persuading people to invest in a loft extension? Would you be persuaded by it? Why? 55 . Use the minute to include everything you prepared in your notes and do not waste time talking about something off the point.

Personal experience Take one minute to tell a partner what you feel about where you live at the moment. That's because . To 1)(' hones! . say whether you agree with their opinion. l!J Exam practice Urban sprawl Student A Look at the three drawings showing how one area of the countryside has changed over many years and describe to a partner what has happened and how the lives of the people living in this area have been affected by the development. the thi//g is .2 l!J Explaining how you feel EXPLAINING HOW YOU FEEL ABOUT SOMETHING Which expressions are often used before making a personal 'confession'? Can you add any other expressions to the list? 'Fell. -=' -r: 56 . . Student 8 Listen to your partner's description and when they have finished. TI/e reason is t liat .. Say whether you think the changes have been for the better or for the worse. Explain what you enjoy or sometimes find slightly annoying about living there and give your reasons.. TIl('facf is .Module 38 • Speaking 4. 11011 sec. Use the expressions on the Function File card.. Your partner will stop you after one minute. . Let /II(' explain .

say whether you agree with their opinion.Yesterday and today • Module 3B Farming . ~-' There are more Paper 5 Part 2 tasks in the Task bank on pages 88-91. Student A Listen to your partner's description and when they have finished. Say whether you think the changes have been for the better or for the worse.then and now Student B Look at the three drawings showing how a small farm has changed over the years and descnbe to a partner what has happened to it and how the lives of the people living In it have been affected by the changes. 57 .

SAYING YOU ARE INTERESTED Which expression suggests that you are 'crazy' about something? Can you add any expressions to the list? Tin UTII /'. III 01/11'1' uonls. 10 SIIIII "!' . So. ..Module 3C/D • Speaking Spotlight on Paper 5 Parts 3 and 4 1.0 l!J Collaborating and summing up SUMMING UP Which expression Implies two possibilities? Which expression might be used after rather a lengthy discussion? B(/siC(/!/Ij. . Actll(//hj.1 n Saying whether you are interested Work through the Function File cards. tltl» IIJlie of. Use the expressions on the Function File card to summarize what you decided.. III luic]. then tell another group what your decision was. (/ hit ofofil1/(/lic.11'//(/1 Icc'r!'Wl1lillg is. 1'1'(///'1 inti-rest» /III' ln. III (/ uonl.. . 1.'10. it's (I (/lleltioll oflc/II'I/II'r. then listen to what the picture in 1. . lfillrl .'1'1'11 Oil . 58 . In small groups decide what this picture might be advertising.. ji/li'iIl(ltilig.0 is advertising and say whether you are interested in what you hear or not.

Art and culture • Module 3C/D SAYING YOU AREN'T INTERESTED Which expression IS very informal? Which is rather abrupt and rude? Can you add any other expressions to the list? lfilld .ddill<f M a Iliki..car. I icouldu't he s('ell dcatl ill . 2. ratlur Imrillg . This looks toofimlllil / in{orll/lilfiir. B Decide together which men's and women's clothes illustrated above you think would be suitable for the occasions listed below. .0 l!J Saying something is (in)appropriate A Choose two pictures and describe them to a partner so that they can identify them.. 59 . This IW/llr/(11'1) he s/li/lihlefiJr. You may have some ideas of your own for suitable occasions for the clothes! a picni« outdoors a lorura] dinne-r a LlIIC\ dre-ss part\ a \\'l. using the expressions on the Function File card.lg trip workin« ill all M OI'fiC(' SAYING SOMETHING IS (IN)APPROPRIATE Which expression sounds very informal and rather dismissive? Which expressions would you use? Can you add any other expressions? I tliinl: this icoul«! he Ii)JpropriliteJ(lr. and say why. iS1I'1 11111 kind url/lillg lit al]. I ('0/1 Mil 'I care less about . " 110/1 II/ighl / coulr! Isllli/lM u.. I{IJOII lure goillg to . This icould he higldll illlipproprilite/or. I caut sml I line: mill gr('(/I interest ill .

r 01' artist Ll. 1111111'11I (1lIil'k/ll I'd gofil/'.0 l!J Making a choice Work through the Function File card then do the groupwork activities A and B.(' III IIII' IIiOIlI('IiI.1 gll/I/{'ill:. • • • • a a a a LllllOllS writ. is / lin' 11111111' m:. .I'IIIr.i. Th!« oui:« ccrt aiuh] II j)ol.g.11I iuiportant hirt]: or w('elelillg • an iuvr-nt iou or elisl'{)\('!\ • tl«. hairstyles. [(I' Irl'lIdll 10 I L'I'II I' .fashioned? Which expression suggests that something is extremely popular? Which expressions are very Informal'? . clothes.i!iililll /)('('(11/1(' 'n. 1'('}'llIill/yll'ollldll 'I hI' III/I clioic« /)('('(//{I(' J)(jillildll tlu» 0111' National monument (Groupwork) A' Funds are available to build a new national monument in your country to commemorate a special occasion. . is / lin' .1 gn'at . jewellery. then say whether you like or dislike the current fashions.III1IiIl('j' II "l'"! iul cn:/ II IIfi/I!1 iOIlIt/ill'. (1/11' .('.' . e.('('11/" " ii ucntltlu 'I. '/11.1 lfJ Saying something is or isn't fashionable In small groups. uiul 0111 uitl: IIII' arl:' '" is i an: .('IIe1 nluu I'ra 60 . Look at this list of suggested commemorations and decide what to commemorate.'ligiolls I('acl<-r gn'at polit ic-iuu national e-ve-nt \\hich cham.!. MAKING A CHOICE Which would not Impress the examiner. discuss what is or isn't fashionable at the moment in your country. . .\/I/II)lIg/l 1IIi. although It IS a perfectly valid comment to make'? Why not? Can you add any other expressions to the list? [dl'fillildll uoulilu '111'11'1'1 tlri: 0111' /)(.!. 3. 1//'(' 'ill'l/lil. .Module 3C/D • Speaking 2.l'l\ history • . Use expressions from the Function File card. 1'1'1I1111 t ntult].u-hu-vr-u u-ut • . shoes. SAYING SOMElHING IS OR ISN'T FASHIONABLE Which expression suggests that something is horribly old.

You can use the designs and suggestions below to help you or you can suggest something different. 61 .Art and culture • Module 3C/D ~ Y-arious suggestions for what kind of monument it should be have been put forward. Decide what kind of monument you would like to erect and where you would erect it.

These ideas might help you: • culture for all • 1l101l('\' availuhle • educational • importance or our heritagc 62 .Module 3C/D • Speaking 3. You are going to argue about this statement. Each member of the team must speak for 30 seconds. ARGUING FOR Which expression suggests you are approving someone else's proposal? Which expression conveys less than enthusiastic support? I CIII/'l 1'1'(' IIIIIII//ill!. Allow yourselves two or three minutes to prepare what you are going to say. look at the Function File card together.!.!. IIlIlslIjJjwrl. Half of each group will be Team A.. lrl ccrtaiuh] giU' ..1 lIJ Arguing for and against Divide into groups of four to six.w/ilijill' . and the other half Team B. ALL JIISITS TO M(JSE()MS AN~ MON{)MOITSSHOUL/) B{ rKEEl -- Team A You agree with the statement.. I/!. Tlurc« 1/ 10110/)(' .C \'CI/SC 10.. It icould II/II/. and should prepare to put forward a different argument in favour of the statement to Team B. First.I/il/sl . ['11/ It/ljill'/ inj(llol/roj'.

coulclut ml/i!ol/c .helongs to the people. relate the statement to the situation in your own country and say whether it works or not! It'cS miuimal 1I11lSCIIIIIS ill [iu.Art and culture • Module 3C/D Team B You disagree with the statement.i] dil'ficllltil's COllc('ssiolls available. These Ideas might help you: • • • • no funds uvailahl« to re-purchase corrupt state. Each member of the team must speak for 30 seconds. look at the Function File card together. liu! WII/ .mci. then Team B can reply with theirs. These ideas might help you: • who will pm • If you can't think of anything to say. Team A should argue their case. . ARGUING AGAINST Which expression sounds very informal? Which expression sounds rather formal? Can you add any other expressions to the list? TIIII(s rOil all tcn] ILI'!I . not just thc wcaltll\ Team A. disagree with the statement. tliat .agree with the statement. caut !}ossihh/ 111111.~ GOVERNMENT PI {he COUNTRY THEY CAME F~OM Team B.could misuse pri\'ilpgp owners not prepare-cl to sell suggestion undemocratic Which group stated its case most convincingly? 63 . . Allow yourselves two or three minutes to prepare what you are going to say. Its alisolu!« [ 1'1'11/11/ I/OI/SCI/S!' 10 WII/ rill tlcac! IIgllil/st .l'JIS • • When everyone is ready. ~" ALL WORKS i'ART SHOULD BE RETURNED to the . First. These ideas might help you: • art is part of national heritagc • works of art lose the-ir impact outside tlnir original c-nviruuuu-ut • onlv state call alhml pmper protr-ction • c-ulture. and should prepare to put forward a different argument against the statement to Team A.lor stlldcllts alld xc-uinr citii'. No one should interrupt while someone is speaking! Which group stated its case most convincingly? Now repeat the procedure with Team B agreeing With and Team A disagreeing with this statement.

differences between them are Only one is genuine. Did you agree? You can answer on page 150 1 4.lTil 's .1 0 Listening for statements the speakers make a police A You will hear a news item on the radio in which a reporter and ing an art scandal.ir« \\'orth a lot of 1I1011l'\.Modul e 3C/D • Speaking 4. Tlll' fon'. R (for the reporter) C (for the Cornrnissaire) or N (for neither)..o.) Thl' pidlln' s \\i1l1ll' . . 64 . () SOIlIl' of tlll' picture s . the other is a torqervl find the right R8POrt your decisions to another group.. I \Ir alld \Iro. ]'('l'()\('] 'ahll'.!in'lldl l·olilltn sidl'.0 l!J Collaborating and reporting Spot the forger y what the Look at the two pictures of Van Gogh's Or Paul Gachet and decide and which you think is the genuine work of art.unt iour-cl. Till' (:Olllill issain' dOllhts \\lll'tlll 'r till' loot i.J :1 Tlll']'(' lrasut lx-cn ~1I1 art seallda llih' tllis Iln' t\\O dl'l'adl's . Indicate which comme are made by the Corrrnissaire. DUring the discussion they make commissaire are discuss nts are made various comments. For questions 1 to 12. . \'~lIl I)l'll Bl'r~l'll li\l'd ratlll'r gLlIlllh ill tl«. by writing by the reporter and which .1I0t Oil sho\\ lor tlll' p]'('ss to Sl'l'.ur.

Take three or four minutes to discuss and decide. It makes no dilfewllC'e if'a work of art is a forger\ . Police .2 lIJ Arguing for and against Optional speaking activity (Groupwork) In groups of four or five argue for and against the following statement.lITcskd hill! at home. Look at the tapescript on page 135 and compare the script with the reformulated statements. . Exam practice Art scholarship (Groupwork) Look at the pictures of sculptures by local artists.1 if you wish. lookfor something which attracts or interests you slightly about one of them. of the f()rgcrit-'s ill Ce-rmunv. What helped you to recognize the statements the speakers made? 4. I() Van Den Bergen will spend at least three H~ars in prison. II Art collectors can noxv hrc-athe. "'ltat makr-x a work of art Iumous or expl'nsiH'::> 2 \ VI 1\ do people eolll'ct works of are :3 \VIt" is an artist's life often a \l'r\ di/Ticnlt one:J . Now discuss these questions.it's still a work of art 1 You can refer back to the Function File cards in 3.\Ir \'an Den Bcrgen. Inthis way you can give the examiner a wider sample of language for assessment.000 to go and study anywhere in the world for a year. i) • Module 3C/D S Analyse your success or failure. Talk about what the artists might be trying to express in their work.Art and culture I \ 'an 0<:-'11 Bergell sold III i:t11: . 4 How can we Itelp \Ollng artists to realize the-ir potentiaP There are more Paper 5 Parts 3 and 4 tasks in the Task bank on pages 91-95.a sigh of'rclief' 12 Van Di-u Bergen migltt not Ill' allowed to paint in prisoll. then decide which sculptor should win a scholarship worth $30. \:! Local people SCl\\'!ittle of . You may interrupt each other but do so politely! l!J Even if you personally don't like anyof the alternatives provided. 65 .

2m arriecl( 7) 1871 married (8l.0 0 Justifying selection what they You will hear four people talking about inventions. below then. or the OMR (Optical Mark Reader) as it is called. consider to be the Creat little invent ions ·7 . as You will hear a talk about an inventor. then make your final decision about spelling as you transfer your answers to the answer sheet. Write down 'greatest little invention'. fill in the missing information.) t and why? Which of these 'little inventions' do you consider to be the greates What other 'great little inventions' would you add to the list? 1. Read through the notes you listen. check it on the second listening..1 Don't waste time agonizing over spelling! Write your answer in pencil quickly.LISTENING Achievements B Survival A question of gender Points of view Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 1 1._ __ _ _ _ _ 66 . A bright spark: Joseph Wilson Swan Born: (1) o Listening for more preci se information Die-d: (2) Aged 1:3 started work as (:3) 18-Hi qualifie d as a (-±) Compa nv also ruanufacturc-r] (3) _ H:l62 patente d a nu-thod of (6) _ __ 186. .

Achievements • Module 4A 1\ umber of children: (9) Began to sturlv (10) . hesides a knighthood. hooks must make rc-udr-rs want to (:3) Compe-tition jllllgl'd h\ people who read onlv (-1) Prizewinner to 1)(' announced (. I Wi9 in public presented the (11) 11)1)1 !cmned a comlxlll\' called The (12) 11)1):3 Swan lormc«] a partnership with (1:3) In his lifetime he recehed manv (1-1) 1. 1 \\'here do \OU think 1](' nlight han' me-t his first wik'~ ::) \\'11\ do vou think II(' c-vc-utuallv uuuric-r] he-r siste-r:' (sl'\eral possihl(' answers I]('re') :3 \\'11\ was the allllil'lll'e in "'('wcastll' 'Ltscinatl'd"J -1 Ilow did Sw.well-kllown than Swan's'J () \\'hat kind or recognition.1. Book award Title of award: (I) Awarded lor books which peopk (2) To 1)(' shortlistc-d.0 0 Listening for missing information You will hear someone talking about a book award. nligllt S\\:lll Ila\(' n'l'('i\('d') Compare your answers with another pair of students.more.m help Edison? S \\'11\ is Edison's u. l!J Interpreting in more depth what you hear Pairwork Discuss answers to the following questions about the talk in 1. rather than just listening to the words spoken. You may need to listen to the tape again. fill in the missing information.2 Understanding the implications of what you hear.'5) Can you explain what the title of the award means? 67 .uuc. 2. will help you to take in what is being said and to focus on the 'Information you need to listen for to complete the tasks in the exam. but not all the information needed to answer the questions appears explicitly on the tape and there may be more than one possible answer. as you listen. Read through the following notes then.

2 l!J Making a choice Which novel in 2.gns Jill' till' rigllt auc] tlll'll ]ll'COIlII'S (12) II's a saga or tragl. read through the following questions. ill wlliel.1 rl Listening for a storyline You will hear someone talking about two of the books shortlisted for the prize mentioned in 2. TIll' 2. Read through the following summaries of the books then. a pilot who is in a hag.) .<k uun-st ruiuc-d passioll and (1:3) realler is const. tlm'l' uu-n find a pl.mtlv \\'olld<Tillg \\ho willlJl' tIll' first to (14) .or tIll' characters lJl'ing The hook has lJl'en <kserilJl'd as an original ('. fill in the missing information. Before listening to the interview.. Aurora first eanlpai.1 In the exam you can usually predict.0. o Predicting quickly what something is about A You will hear someone being interviewed.Module 4A • Listening 2.ioh') :3 \\'hat is hc about to hl'coul(") 4 What is hc liuullv descrilied as:) 68 .u«(:3) . what you are going to hear by reading through the task questions carefully.'j) ((1) hu t the scheme. I \\'ho is going to lw illtn'. t lu-ir h\I'S will soon fael' tIll' horror or tIll' (~)) will Ill' turne-d (10) to ( 11) .1 would you prefer to read? Which do you think might win the prize? Give reasons for your answer. 3. Tlll'\ . Tl11'\ deeidl' to (.re-sults in one. to a certain extent.") Night shall overtake us Four schoolgirls xwr-ar tllat tl11'\ wi]] alwa\s U. as you listen.i<'\\eIP :2 \ Vhat was his pn'\iOllS . A simple plan \\'hile tr:ing to escape Irom a ( 1) which (:2) (4) . This will make you more confident about the listening task and help you to focus on the answers to the task questions.0 l!J Coping with fame What would be the positive and negative aspects of being well-known or famous? How would you feel if you were well-known or famous? 3.

-t Salll's Iliodellilig success was nuuu-di. During the interview various comments are made.Ul~· adY<llltages.3 o Recognizing words in context Often the words you hear on tape are confusing. However.nove-l accepted lor publication was not a prohlc-m. the context will usually help you to identify most of the words you hear. 3. ') C<'ttillg the. You might mistakenly hear the wrong word (hair instead of hare).rt«. as you listen to the interview. Before you hear the results of the investigation. However.looks hright.0 0 Understanding and remembering longer pieces of information Listen to the introduction to a radio programme called The Power of The Press.1. o Listening for statements the speakers make Read through the statements below then listen to the rest of the programme mentioned in 3. (i Sam's written a storv about the [utun-.2 Remember. make brief notes to help you answer the questions. As you listen. S) Saill's future.carru«] 011 heing a modr-]. You may need to listen twice. or the wrong stress and pronunciation (harmful instead of half full).J lO 4.Achievements • Module 4A B Now. . In addition. You should be looking for the information on the tape expressed in a different way.2. the speakers use one inappropriate word in each comment. the comments the speakers do not make might look plausible as you read through them.'5 Sam could have. the statements made will not repeat word for word what the speakers say on the tape. 7 The 1l10<!('Ilillg worlr] has llli. then try to supply the appropriate one. assign111cnts in Europe. i) Sum has Iric-ucls in high places. (i :) I . . what do you think the answer is going to be? 69 .) . You will have to listen very carefully to decide whether they were actually made or not. 3. Indicate which comments are being made by 8am and which by the interviewer by writing 8 (for 8am) I (for the interviewer) or N (for neither) 1 Sams writing care('J" hegan at univc-rsitv. the wrong pronunciation (dim instead of din). :3 Sanl eni()\H! his modcllim.. You will hear ten shorter comments similar to those you heard in the interview in 3. Write down the inappropriate word. make a note of the question the lady in the Midlands asks.

Allow four or five minutes. used in some grammar hooks. to teach the cre-w foreign languages.2 l!J Discussing Groupwork Discuss the following questions. The first three are done for you. than it did previously.1 It is useful to be ableto match information you hearon tape with similar information in the task questions. six years ago.what l)('opk thillkr Exam practice: gap-fill You will hear a radio presenter and an airline employee talking about language courses for the cabin staff of an airline company. then. F Lath. of part of an aircraft or a There are more Paper 4 Part 1 tasks in the Task bank on pages 96-98.Allen <1t'nlaIH!t'd a pulilic c-nquir-. 2 C The gOHTnment se-t IlP a committe-e..to ill\l'stigate tIll' pligllt of orphalled childrell.Allen pointe-d out that society 'looked down Oil' lH'('th childrell. crew. D Laclv Alle-n made the puhlic aware of tlu. For questions 1-10 complete the missing information with a\1 appropriate word or short phrase. H Lath. ) __ Lessons might take place in a (:3) restaurant (4) Today the airline ernplovs more (. arrange them in their order of appearance on the tape. 4. You will hear the recording twice. o Following a line of development You will hear the rest of Peter Rainer's report. C Social Se-rvice-s dcpartnwnts were set up. I \\'hat are the diCkn'Jl('es hetween a tabloid lH'\\'spapt'r. This will helpyou follow the lineof development in the listening extract and identify statements speakers make. then compare your decisions with those of another group. Write the numbers 1-8 beside the points as they are mentioned. The following points were all made but they are in the wrong order. A TIl(' Times received more correspondence uhout poor children than it had ahout any other issue.5) The language trainers are extremely (6) Bill Brown became (7)__ "_ Language classes are targeted mainly at (8) Provision is also made for (9) On a special (l 0) __ crew. 70 . Read through the points carefully.lIewspapers. 1 F: Childn-ux dtopartmellts came into IWillg.'glltkr' pn'ss and a quality lH'wspapn') :) \\'hy do newspapers usual]. _ crew can trv out one of the courses. 13 Reports of the death of a young hoy in care appean. tlu. :3 Compare your answers with those of another student.Module 4A • Listening 4. as you listen.d in t lu.unsatisbl'ton arrangt'mt'llts ma<1t' Cor childre-n in can'. ooutaiu ilion' 'had' thun 'good' II('WS itt'llIs') :3 How rar do von think lwwspapers iulluc-uc-c. Crew are not taught the (I) __ Instructors use (2.

J . Listen only once. No point is made twice and one point is not made at all. 1.2lfJ Evaluating the opinions of others Groupwork Decide which speaker you identify with most. They all make at least two of the points A to I.0 lfJ _ Interpreting artwork Pairwork Decide what point the picture might be making and whether it is making it successfully.1 n Relating what you see to what you hear You will hear three speakers talking about the environment.Survival • Module 48 Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 2 1.) Points made A Othe-r things more.important than the c-uvironuu-ut B Cut consumption of' natural rt-xounx-s c: Covr-rnmr-nt lacking in policies D Attitude'S of tho«: involvr«] unsvmpatlu-tic E Problem a sensitive o Ill' F Not much time left C :'\'0 action to date H New projects should he c-nvironmr-ut-frir-ndlv I Future success rp]ics on solar power 1. Read through the points then. decide which points each speaker makes. Report back to another group giving reasons for your opinions. 71 . as you listen. Speaker 1 Speaker 2 Speaker :3 I . Compare your decisions with those of another pair of students.

Then.0 Identifying information which is repeated in some way You will hear a radio programme about different ways to beat stress. . One point is not made.l'lll>llgll (.' 01"]1 'SSOliS C ill\oll(>s a lot 01" I·f!()rt ]) call ]H' hori II g E high risk of' iujurx F not active. as you listen. You will hear the recording only once.' Yo~a B Now read through the list of cons. Again. fill in the missing information. Aerobic exercise Pros o As you read through a list of options.) " j) 110 sp('cial l'ljllipllll'llt 11('('(lcd Hclaxation lapes E III('('(S \1>111' s]H'ciallll'I'ds F h'I'j1s \011 fit (.Module 4B • listening 2. \011 clout hall' to ]H' 'good at it" II (h>ap I \OU Illakl' I"ril'lId.s \011 ( ]1 o Don't be tempted to answer questions using prior knowledge or by guessing only. as you listen. then.S (1 B lIccds a scril'.]H'lIdits Yoga I 72 .\ lu-lps hack alld xliouldr-r prohll>llls B 110 agl' limits C l'aS' to orgalli/I' Alexander Techriique . match the points made to the four different ways of 'busting' stress. identify the key words and try to match them to what you hear on the tape.\ docs 1I0t lnur-Iit \Olllig pcopll' 2 Alexander Technique Relaxation tapes . L\lllih. You will hear the recording only once.\cITis(' usuallv lilah.is COlll1(Ttrod. \CI\ use-ful wln-u (2) S\lIlptOlliS arc He-laxation tapcs arc oltc-n pn'scrilH'd lor \(T\ (:3) ])OId 1)(> put ofT \oga l» t11(' thought of (--!-) 2. You will hear the recording only once.it might be what you think or it might be something completely different! Tlu.Ak-xundc-r Tr-chuiquc.1 Identifying pros (arguments for) and cons (arguments against) A Read through the list of pros relating to the Stressbusters. The answer must match the information on the tape . one point is not needed.Illah> lun 01" \011 II oftCli clillicult to fit into vour routiuc- I 110 inunc-rliutc. Read through the notes then. Stressbusters Ac-rohic ('. Aerobic exercise COliS . match the points you hear to the four different ways of 'busting' stress. as you listen.

as you listen. Oil Eartlnc at ch startc-cl (:3) Our auu 01' Eartlnc otc].-artl). 6 7 8 3 4 9 10 5 Check your spellings then use the words in a sentence of your own to show that you understand their meaning. Not all the words are stressed differently! persecl lted P<' rse-cu tion - Iauuliur Llillilia ril\ COllllli('J'('(' eOllipan ioll . complete the missing informa tion. F'.(/rl!IIU1lc!1 is a \q.-" project s (noun) scientif ic 10 aCC0111 modatio u 11 real 12 ii I formati oi I (i Now use one of the words from each pair in a sentence of your own.ICOIII(' challge E"rl!IIU 1lr-!/ lroru (5) will take \'011 to tlu.part\'. 3.(fi) To [oin the. Read them aloud together with the right-hand words and mark the strong and weak stresse s.mized .\lll<'rie all mouutu in lion.m . Read through the notes.Survival • Modul e 48 2.ucouu n O( late real it\ ill f()]'f 11 2 hum.0 Identifying information which is recycled in some way You will hear someone talking about North American mountain lions. \'011 lIeed to 1)(' (7) 3.1 and see if you can spell them correctly.) hII IIIan itv direct (n'rb) organiz ation project s (verb) scientis t S couuu« rcial U cO]lIpal1\' direct (adp -( 'J orv. \011 shollid (I) US galli(' agellcie s knoxv (2) tl](' liun.2 n 2 Spelling words you hear Listen to ten words which appeared on the tape in 2.1 l!J Identifying what you hear The left-hand words all appeared on the tape in 3. You will hear the recording only once.0 and 2. 73 . ill I ~)7:?.0 . is to lllldersr alid wlwt af'l('ds til<' I-() . n Earth watch and the North Ameri can mount ain lions II' q)11 COllI<' into clos(' coutac-t wit l: a '\ortII . then.0.

When your partner has finished. . It is similar to the one your partner is goin~ to describe. Student 8 Look at the photograph on page 124. You could mention these points: • the e-xc-itc-uuut.which took plaC(' lJ('tW('('ll r('llow COlli 1trvmc -n. :3 The hatt l« decided what kin«] or g()\('rlllIH'llt tIl(' couut rv was to ha\('. 4.Sol'il't\'s n'-('llal'tIlH'llls. You have one minute to do this. learning ahout history. 74 . at this ('\('llt. • • • raising 11100le~' +<)1' charitv. Try to persuade them to join. Do not show your picture to your partner.0 Identifying information which is recycled in some way Re-enacting a battle scene Listen to an announcer speaking at an open-air re-enactment of a battle and decide whether the following statements are made by the announcer. see if you can find two things which are the same' and two things which are different in your picture. -f This is on« or the most . Listen only once. • travel. Write either Y (for yes) or N (for no) next to each statement. 7 SOIll(' of those lll'"ohrd ill t l u.Module 48 • Listening 3. making friends.figlltillg arc \\'()1l1('11.1 lIJ Describing a re-enactment Pairwork Student A Look at the photograph from a programme for the Sealed Knot Society on page 113 and describe the scene which is being re-enacted.2 t Discussing Groupwork Decide what the positive and negative aspects of a holiday with Earthwatch might be and whether you would like to go on this type of holiday or not. talk about the similarities and differences. 4. n 4.'5 There are other c-utc-rtainuu-ntx a\ailah](.2 Saying you'd rather not / you aren't sure / you'd like to lIJ Simulation (Groupwork) Student A You are about to become a member of the Sealed Knot Society but your friends are not very enthusiastic about joining. :2 The e-xact site or tlH' liattl« is unkno-vu. I TIJ(' Soc-it-tv is COllllll('lI1oratillg a hattlc.uuhitious or t lu. S Sp('l'tators S('('lll to 1)(' buuclud togd]H'r ill OIl(' an'a. (-j TIl(' crowd are all W('arillg COStll11H'S or tlJ(' period. As you listen to your partner describing their photograph.

SAYING YOU'D LIKE TO Which sentence sounds too enthusiastic? Which sounds as if the speaker is slightly less keen on the idea? Can you add any other expressions? That sounds a grcat idea. I think I IJ/ight lie able to icork IIp SOIlIC eutli usiasui [or the itlca. I don't rcalli] think I couldjuu! the tinu. say whether you'd like to or not and give your reasons. .Survival • Module 48 Other students You have been invited by Student A to become a member of the Sealed Knot Society. Actllally. Using the expressions on the Function File cards. if110ll ask nu. Tin uot altogctlll'rsllre I'd CI!joy it. I can't nutl:« u p nnj niuu]. YOll call count IIIC out! It SCCIJ/S a strallgc sort ofthillg to do. ifyoll don't mind. I'd rather 1I0t. Necer ill Illy icildest dreams did I ilJ/agille I'd . rill ill tico minds about it rcalli]. SAYING YOU'D RATHER NOT Which sentences express the most reluctance? Which sentence offers an excuse? Add expressions of your own to the list. I'd liacc to tliiul: abou! it. 'Fell. Can't thin]: of(llIytllillg I'd like better. 'Fell. SAYING YOU AREN'T SURE Which expressions suggest that the speaker might never get round to making a decision? Can you add any expressions of your own? HIIIIII. 75 . I don't rcallyfccl it's IJ/Y kiiul ofthillg.

Module 4C

Listening

o

Exam practice: gap-fill

Listen to a presenter on the radio talking about the Sealed Knot Society and for questions 1-8 complete the sentences. Listen very carefully as you will hear the recording ONCE only.
The founder of the Sealed Knot had studied (1) aims is to interest (:2) historv. Our- oj'its

in the- chil war. The Sealed Knot has

than auv other European Re-enac'tmcnt Society. There are. [rowc-vc-r. no H) nu-n J1)(, rs. cach vc-ur.

Some of t!Jcir profits arc giH'n to difkrellt (.'5) Tlw Socie-tv is uhl« to attract
((i)

The Socic-tv is prepared to attl'lId (,)

if ash'd.
(S)

The Society conjlll'cs up tIll' past to 1]('1p tlu-

There are more Paper 4 Part 2 tasks In the Task bank on pages 98-100.

Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 3

1.0

l!J

Collaborating

Female / Male preconceptions 00 you consider that women and girls have different personalities from men and boys? In groups of three list two attributes you feel are more characteristically female, and two male, then compare your lists with another group.

1.1

0 Listening for specific details
You will hear a list of five attributes. As you listen, fill in the missing information.
awarellcss of ( 1)
(:2)

ahilitv

skills thinkin g (-!) rClllclllhcring
(:J)

76

A question of gender

Module 4C

1.2

l!J Expressing personal opinions
In the same groups as for 1.0, decide which of the attributes In the list in 1.1 you regard as being more charactenstically female or male.

2.0

l!J Testing preconceptions
Test the opinions you expressed In 1.0 and 1.2 with these qender-sensitive questions Allow yourselves about five minutes.

o

Which two figures below are identical to the figure in the square?

2

3

4

o

Study the objects in group A for one minute and cover it up. Then look at group B and put an X through the figures not in the original array. Score one point for each item correctly crossed out and subtract one point for each item incorrectly crossed out.

A

B

[i111j

il

In

'Vi

ii ?: : II 4 ~\j ~ li\l

:f?'
l:;l1

I

E)

Name as many synonyms for the following words as you can in three minutes:

clear

dark

strong

wild

77

Module 4C

Listening

2.1

0 Listening for facts and figures
Listen to the official results of the gender sensitive questions and complete the missing information.
1 Numbers (a) (b) same
% of women and (c) .

._ rj( of men scored corrt-ctlv.

The perfect score: (d) An'rage score lor wome-n: (e) An'rage score lor men: (f)

AH'rage score for women: (g) A\erage score fill' men: (h)

per word per word

What is your reaction to the results? Are you surprised / interested / sceptical / reassured? Explain why.

2.2

0 Evaluating preconceptions and selecting
Female versus male You will hear seven statements on tape. Listen to them carefully, and write down three of them which might be based on the results of the gender-sensitive questions in 2.0.

Compare your choices with the rest of the class.

3.0

l!J. Trying to decipher notes
The following notes were made while listening to two statements about perception. Can you reconstruct them so that they make sense? Statement 1 M better at think :3 dimens, Foss. '.' hunting. req. orient. when look. prey. Statement 2 F better at rernemb. locat. Poss. '.' forag. food. When look loor] must rememb. unconnec. items.

3.1

0: Comparing notes
Cover the notes you read in 3.0. You will hear the two statements which were made about perception. Listen to them twice, and, as you listen, take notes. When you have finished, compare your notes with those you tried to decipher in 3.0.

78

try to express in your own words what the speakers are saying. decide whether you think there is any truth in the statements in 3.arc no male whipt.0 You may know something about the subject. S \Vhiptails retain some of the habits of their ancestors.uc-x.-e three different st-'xes in the cichlicl species.do. and which are expressed by Martin. You will hear the recording twice. ') Turtle eggs arc laid in the sand. 3. :3 Onlv female turtle-s are hatched in sunnv places. During the interview they make various comments. Statement :2 Now.ril lizards.3 Most people learn about these fish at school. 1cl The female cichlicl is less hrightIY coloured than the male. 1. 1:2 Fe-mule jacanas often have more than Oflr-' partner.) The-re. . ' 6 Fertilization of the lizards' eggs takes placl' just hd<)re hatclling. the reporter.1. 79 . Be ready to give reasons for your opinions. H Fr-rnale. 7 Whiptails are related to prehistoric crt-ature-s. 1:3 There a.2 lIJ Expressing personal opinions In small groups. but you must indicate only the comments the speakers make. without looking at your notes or statements. 11 [acanu eggs take a long time to hatch. turtle whiptail lizard jacana bird cichlid \ \'e humans expect the animal world to l)('h<l\e as we.A question of gender • Module 4C Statement 1 _ You may not understandthe precise meaning of a word or know how to spell it. Usethe word you know (remember instead of recaln if it conveyswhat you want to say. 4.jacana birds eat more f<)()d than males. but may know what it means in context. 16 Some of these fish can change their colour. male anc] female turtle-s s(~ek shmh pl. 10 i\lale jacanas huild the nests. by writing S (for Sally) M (for Martin) or N (for neither). For questions 1-16 indicate which comments are being expressed by Sally. -+ After hatching. the scientist. o Identifying comments the speakers make You will hear a scientist and a radio reporter on an educational programme talking about male and female differences in animal species.

then find out what the words mean. It seems that then' is no fundamental diff('n'nce lx-twc-c-n male and female brains .0 Correct spelling is important in Paper 4 but you will not lose marks for spelling a proper noun incorrectly if it is an acceptable variation. fi Americans hav« take-n male / f(~male differences into account in their primal:' school curriculum. 9 The answer to our problems lies in our genetic make-up.) As you listen. e.Module 4C • Listening 5.J A real difference hetween male and femak abilities poses proble-ms lor the educationalists.g. are discussing making sense of the differences between women and men. check in the tapescript on page 138 to see if you have the correct spellings of the words. genes / jeans / Jean's. There are more Paper 4 Part 3 tasks in the Task bank on pages 100-104. Mary and David. Girls arc hdtn at expressing their opinions in a classroom situation. S Studies which prow' that there arc no male / female diflerences ran']: make the headlines. o Exam practice: identifying comments You will hear part of a discussion on a radio programme in which two teachers. Hearst. The last two words are people's names! 6 II 12 2 7 4 5 9 14 10 Compare your list of words with a partner's. (These words will appear later in the exam practice. 80 . o Matching sounds to spellings You will hear 14 words read out on tape. write down the words you hear. Hirst. For questions 1 to g.g. Cirls do hotter in maths when there arc no bovs present. 1 :2 :3 4 Teachers expect hovs to make a grL'ater contribution than girls in class. . If they do not match. Hurst. I I did souu. During the discussion they make various comments. e.research into male and female roles in different cOlmtries. indicate which comments are being expressed by Mary and which by David by writing M (for Mary) D (for David) or N (for neither) You will hear the recording twice.

Decide which is expressing the attitudes below.Points of view • Module 40 Spotlight on Paper 4 Part 4 1. 81 . Fairlv certain Spcakcr 1 Speaker 2 Speakcr :3 Lcss certain Speaker 4 Speaker 5 Speaker 6 What helped you to decide? 1. \egallS cat meat.2 l!J Checking to make sure you are right Pairwork Take it in turns to ask your partner questions 1 to 10. Express your certainty or uncertainty by using either a falling or a rising intonation in the question tag and see if your partner can recognize which you are expressing. using question tags. the manager left a message. the joumov will take about three hours. :'our partner wants to come to the dance. . You want to check that: :2 :3 -1 .0 0 Identifying attitudes You will hear three speakers.:our partner agrees wit]: you. inflation will come down. Decide which speakers sound fairly certain and which sound less certain. the weather !()recast for today was good. Brazil won the "'orlel Cup in 199-1.1 0 Recognizing degrees of certainty You will hear six statements.S 6 '7 S 9 10 vour partne-r has s(~en a recent film. the post has arrive-d. Disbelief Boredom Pleasure Speaker 1 Speaker 2 Speaker 3 What helped you to make your decision? 1.

they'd he .Listening for different points of view You will hear five different people talking on a TV 'phone-in' about TV programmes broadcast on that channel. Type of programme Speaker I Speaker 2 Speaker :3 Speaker 4 Speaker 5 a series on sport (:3) Reaction Reasons for reaction (2) (-t ) (I) delighted / fascinated hy the subject (.mucls .. (They may be different from what you heard on the tape.) When you have finished.. heats nil'. You may need to listen twice.. and Ior another .. ' Speaker 4 How you can possihlv call . As you listen decide what type of programme the speakers are talking about. Some of the information has been filled in already. . what their reaction to it was and why they reacted in this way. I Speaker 5 Is there anv chance of us . For one thing.0D... ... '~ Manv thanks lor what I consider to Ill' ....0. Can you remember what points they were making? Try to complete the sentences using words and expressions of your own. ' Isut it ahoul time TV ch.. not temptl'dll\ the {()od (I)) (! ()) (7) not amused / angry (\-:l) the we-athe-r fore-cast 2.0)) (6) wrong place.Module 40 • Listening 2. ? Speaker 2 ~Iay I co])gratulatl' ~'ou 0]) .1 lIJ Recalling what points the speakers made The following expressions were used by the five different speakers in 2.J You'd think that with all this .. I 82 . awful we-athe-r.. .. Speaker 3 I just had to ring and say It's not mv idea of lim . listen again and check your answers. Speaker I As if wr: didn't han' e])ough ..

B 11.utc-rs ill classicalll. B gall' Iorcx.g \\a\s or A Il{'lpill.(. sj)('aker S:I\S that til{' late. B wrotr: uliout peopll' II(' kllew persollalIY. C to read our.I'o!f \IcC/III'I'1l :\ he~all llis can'I'r writill~ plavs ror T\'.g j)('opl.of \IcC)ul'I'1l 's pla\s. C Sl'\('n' f1oodill~.wiutls.conditious to COllI('.il ill tll{'ir ti uu.0 rr Identifying the points the speaker is making Before you listen to the tape. Spcakcr 2 .' to hrillg up cllildrell. choose the correct option A.1\1' littll' r<'11'\aIICl' nowaclavs.Points of view • Module 40 3.) . Spcakcr 4 I' TIl{' lourt l: sj)('aki'r is Sllggl'Still. You will hear five different speakers on the radio. B or C. c: it \VOId appeal to tl'I'Jla. C had trml'lIl'l1 all ove-r the.'i lip liial :\ adults 11('I'd a licI'llcI'.not at xchool. C \Oll should listr-u to t lu.CD first.uul sel' a \IcC/ll('l'lI pla\ at til(' tluut r«.\\'110 llIi~llt :\ vixit her.world. A wI'n' all-powI'rr. read through the multiple choice questions. . Spcukc r 5 ~) TIll' finl. A \OU woulr] 1)(' lxttc-r orr s!<l\illg .gl'rs. B OCl'llp\ill~ tIl{' cllildn'll wlu-n tlu-vrc. B to ~o .rt 1101111'. ]0 I Ie alkisl's 1'\IT\OII(' :\ not to Jiliss \IcC)lIl'I'1l nTUIlS Oil T\'. c: filldillg a hohln whk-h will help \'OII to n-lax. As you listen. B writ« to II('L C phone. c: B alhlTtise COllrSI'S ill hmuau n'sourCl'S.gatioll.her. raise IIlOII('\ to fillallcl' husilless course-s. B vou nc-rc] to 1)(' a IlI{'JIJ!H'r ora chill. II c wan ts to :\ elleonra~(' peopk to help otlnrs ill dilTicliltie'i.) TIl(' third slH'akiT is su~gl''itillg that certain chur. 83 . 13 warn pcople of worse. C request lH-'lp from the 1'lll('r~eUe\ SIT\iCI''i. She invite-s anvonc. 1)(' ill!l'IT'itl'd to Speaker :J .) TIl(' sl'I'oll(l spl'aker is IlOpiug to -+ A n-c-ruit sc-uio:: IIJaua~I'IlI('llt c-ouxultuuts. B \OU should hook 1l0W to a\oid disappoiutllll'llt. C \VI'r<' I '\I)('rts at Ila\i.') But she warns amOJI(' tlliuking or takillg thi. Speakcr I ] Aeeonjill~ to tIl(' first speake'L lust Ili~ht the west of :) the couut rv su!kn'd A 'icatt<'rcd sl'O\\'I'rs.\tllolo~\ h She also sug~I'sts that ir \OU an' tllillkillg or SI'I'illg till' JI('W opl'ra at the C:lassie Tluatrr-.

-t ..1 l!J Thinking of similar sounds (homophones) These words all appeared on the tape in 3.\ sllgg('sting a n'nl('(h B apportioning hl..J E a motlu-r F all ast rnuuut . .) .!H'ndits .pressing rc-sc-rvationx aliout who takes rc-spnusihilit.Module 40 • Listening 3. you only need to choose five l . Try to think of another word with the same pronunciation but a different spelling and meaning for each one.0 Remember that in the exam you will have to choose five out of eight options (A to H).j ]0 nc-xv Ior hours II died (-j 1:2 seen 4.J E sngg('sting re-ason lor a Cdl in standards . . Listen to the tape once and match the extracts 1-5 with the people. nio ht .mc« of compdition -t r: II (':-.urir-c! p('rSOIl B a politician c: I) a sc-ie-ntist a (('ac!l('r 1 .) .uuc- c: I) ass('ssing the ('l'Il'l'!S o{" a p('rsonal h. great <.olde-r gl'nl'ration 84 .I 1 . Remember.. 0 Identifying speakers You will hear various people speaking about different topics.\ a nr.rliit listing the.s I criticizing the.) . ~) rights -t roll' ..0. F ('Inphasizillg tIl(' iinport.1 0 Identifying the points the speakers are making Listen again to the same people and match the extracts with the points the speakers are making.-' I so I1l acl« :2 days .) c: a xtuclc-ut II a ellstonl('r 1 a doc-tor 4.

85 . Task one For questions 1-5. A car u]('chauic B coulpnter operator C taxi drive-r )) cleane-r I :2 :3 E cashier F train drive-r -t :) (. police officer II TV repairer Task two For questions 6-10. if any? You may want to look back to the spelling rules on pages 9 and 26. ~ I ~) 10 .' couldn't care less S E thinks it's great to be alivr: F gets depressed G is a 'loner' H thinks life's all a joke 9 10 There are more Paper 4 Part 4 tasks In the Task bank on pages 104-107. You will hear the recording twice.0 and 4. match the extracts as you hear them with the attitudes towards life A-H. A accepts responsibility B takes life' se-riouslv C looks f) Oil () the bright side ".Points of view • Module 40 4.J 11 1:2 Which spelling rules do they conform to.1 and see if you can spell them correctly. o Exam practice: multiple matching You will hear various people talking about life. match the extracts as you hear them with the people A-H.2 0 Making a logical guess about spelling Listen to 12 words which appeared on the tape in 4.

what experience you need. • • • • what kind of nursery / primary / secondary school they went / go to what kind of memories they have of primary or secondary school and why how relevant what they learned at school was to what they are doing today how they feel the time at school could have been improved Now tell the class the most interesting piece of information about your partner. 3 l!J Simulation Insurance policy (Pairwork) Student A You are going on holiday and want to arrange holiday insurance cover but you are worried about the small print in the policy. what the job involves. you can compare your notes with the actual job advertisement. what salary is offered. When you have finished. how long the appointment lasts. what qualifications you need. Student B Your instructions are on page 108. 1 l!J. 86 . Phone the personnel officer at the Welsh university and find out: • • • • • • where the job is based. School days Finding out about personal experience (Pairwork) Find out the following information about your partner.SPEAKING Paper 5 Task bank Make notes as you hear relevant information in these Part 1 tasks. This will help you in the note-taking part of the listening paper. Find out from the insurance broker exactly what is on offer. 2 l!J Simulation Job application (Pairwork) Student A You are interested in working abroad and have heard about a vacancy for an English Language Adviser in another country but employed by a university in Wales.

5 l!J Simulation Holiday villa (Pairwork) Student A Someone has recommended the Villa Rosa. you can compare your notes with the original policy. When you have finished. • what the breakdown and recovery premium for a vehicle covers.g. whether any payment was sent with the order. Student B Your instructions are on page 110. how much it will cost per week in July. 87 . as a good place for you to rent for a holiday and has given you the name of the owner. (b) loss of or damage to luggage. compare your notes with the advert for the villa. how many people it sleeps. • what the premiums are for (a) children under two. • what compensation you would receive for (a) medical expenses. Be as patient and polite as possible. (c) adults. e. the title of the CDs and the artists' names. what kind of building it is. 4 l!J Simulation Mail order query (Pairwork) Student A You work for a mail order firm selling compact discs (CDs). You are interested but before you make a decision. in the Mediterranean area. cheque. cash.Activities for Paper 5 Part 1 • Task bank 5A You want to know: • what type of insurance the policy offers. Student B Your instructions are on page 109. • whether you are insured if the company goes bankrupt. the reference numbers of the CDs. the address and postcode of the customer. (b) other children. you need to talk to the owner and make a note of the following: • • • • • • • • where the villa is. any other information relevant to your needs. (d) a vehicle. Talk to an irritated customer who has ordered three free promotional CDs which have not arrived. whether the customer signed the order form. whether you will need a car. You need to find out and make a note of: • • • • • • the name of the customer. When you have finished. what facilities are available in the area. whether there is a swimming pool. Student B Your instructions are on page 111.

Task bank 58

Speaking

6 lIJ Simulation
Leisure activity enquiry (Pairwork) Student A You are on noliday with a group of young people. You have heard about a new leisure activfty and are interested in going to celebrate someone's birthday. Phone the information desk and find out and make a note of the following: • • • • what kind of activity it is. whether it's safe. when it's open. whether you can book in advance. • how much it costs. • whether they organize birthday parties. • what age groups it is suitable for. • how many people it can accommodate. • how you get there from the railway station.

When you have finished, compare your notes with the actual advert for the activity. Student 8 Your instructions are on page 112.

These activities are meant to take about one minute for the student who does the main task and about 20 seconds for the follow-up comments from the other student. The shared activities, however, will take longer, as each student should have the opportunity to speak for about one minute. All activities can be used again with different partners or by reversing roles.

1 lIJ Describe and match
Possible suspects (Pairwork) Student A Look at the photofit pictures on page 114 of people suspected of having been involved in a crime. Unfortunately they have been muddled up. Choose two halves which you think go together then describe them to a partner. Student 8 Look at the same pictures as your partner and see if you can identify which picture your partner is describing. Reverse roles and repeat the procedure until you have described all the people.

2

lIJ

Describe, compare and speculate

Climbing (Pairwork) Student A Look at the pictures on page 126. Compare and contrast the climbers and their equipment, saying what you think might motivate people to climb mountains. Student 8 Look at the same set of pictures. When your partner has finished, say which climbers you think had the more difficult task.

88

Activities for Paper 5 Part 2

Task bank 5B

3 lfJ .Describe and hypothesize
Colourful events (Shared activity for three students)
Look at the pictures on page 115. Choose one of the pictures in the set. It is not necessary to hide your picture from your partners. Take a minute each to describe your picture as fully as possible and suggest what the people are doing and what they might be celebrating. Then see if you agree with your partner's interpretations of their pictures and decide which event would interest you most.

4 lfJ Describe and spot the differences
Ball control (Shared activity for two students)
Look at the pictures on page 116 and page 125. Take a minute each and describe your pictures as fully as possible to one another. Do not let your partner see your picture. When you have finished, see if, together, you can find ten differences between the two pictures. This may take considerably longer than a minute:

5

lIJ

Describe and evaluate

Modern sculpture (Pairwork) Student A Look at the picture of the sculpture on page 116. Describe your picture as fully as possible and say who you think this type of sculpture might appeal to. Do not let your partner see your picture. Student B Look at the picture on page 125. Do not let your partner see your picture. Listen carefully to your partner and find one thing which is the same in both your pictures and one thing which is different and say whether you agree with your partner's opinion about the sculpture.
Now compare pictures and see how accurate you were!

6

lIJ

Describe and hypothesize

Outdoor entertainment (Pairwork) Student A Look at the picture on page 117. Describe the street scene and the people in it and suggest who they are and what they might be doing there. Do not let your partner see your picture. Student B Look at the picture on page 126. Do not let your partner see your picture. Listen carefully to your partner's description of a similar picture and see if you can spot two things which are different and two things which are the same in your two pictures.
Now compare pictures and see how accurate you were!

7l!J Describe and speculate
Building development (Pairwork) Student A Look at the pictures on page 118. Describe these three pictures of different stages in a development project and suggest what the building might now be used for.

89

Task bank 58

Speaking

Student 8 Look at the same pictures as your partner. Say whether you agree with your partner's suggestion about what the building might be used for. Suggest what other type of building could have been built on that particular site.

8 l!J Select, describe and speculate
Street market (Pairwork) Student A Look at the pictures on page 119. Choose one picture from the set of three and describe it as fully as possible to your partner and say what kind of market you think this is and where it might be. Student 8 Look at the same set of pictures as your partner. Listen carefully to what your partner says and decide which picture they are describing and whether you agree about the type and location of the market.

9l!J

Describe, compare and hypothesize

Kitchens (Pairwork) Student A Look at the pictures on page 120. Describe the pictures of the two kitchens and compare what life must have been like and what it is like today for the person working in them. Student 8 Look at the same set of pictures as your partner. 00 you agree with what your partner said about the differences in working in the two types of kitchen? Why?

10 l!J Describe, hypothesize and evaluate
Art forms (Shared activity for three students) Students A, 8 and C Look at the three pictures on page 121 . Choose one picture each and take a minute to describe it to your partners. Mention what form of art is on display, why it might have been created and what your personal opinion about it is. Do not hide your pictures from one another.
When you have finished say whether you agree with your partners' opinions and decide which picture shows the type of art form you like best.

11 l!J Describe, speculate and identify
People on the telephone (Pairwork) Student A Look at the set of eight pictures of someone talking on the telephone on page 122 and describe three of them to your partner, saying who you think the person might be talking to. Student 8 Look at the set of pictures on page 127. They are the same as your partner's but they are in a different order. Listen carefully to your partner's description then say which three your partner was describing.
What made the task easy or difficult?

90

which you think is the most dangerous. which Jobs might well In future and what they might be replaced by. Student B Look at the set of pictures on page 128. saying what might have inspired their maker to 'immortalize' them in china. look at the pictures and decide: • • • • • what qualities you need for these different Jobs. Taking minutes IS an excellent way to improve your ability to write and listen at the same time. who would have the greatest job satisfaction. make brief notes on your group decisions . you must be able to decipher your own notes to report back to your fellow students I When two students are taking part. 91 .Activities for Paper 5 Parts 3/4 • Task bank 5C/D 12 lfJ Describe. Extra time should be allowed for more students. evaluate and identify China figures (Palrwork) Student A Look at the set of seven pictures of china figures on page 123 and describe to your partner three of the figures. Some activities will take longer than the time allowed In the exam but in this part of the speaking test you do not need to be so time-conscious as the examiner will stop you if you overrun I 1 lfJ Collaborating / Drawing conclusions / Expressing personal preferences Dangerous working environments (Groupwork for two or three students) Part 3 In groups of two or three. Appoint a different 'secretary' to take the minutes -In other words. plus another three or four minutes for the Part 4 further discussion. which person would earn the most money. It will help you with the note-taking tasks in Paper 4 but remember. Listen carefully to your partner's description then say which three your partner was describing. these activities should take three or four minutes for Part 3. They are the same as your partner's but they are in a different order.for each point discussed In the activities below.

what message the pictures are trying to put across. Allow yourselves one minute each to express your arguments either for or against the motion. e. look at the drawings at the top of the next page and decide: • • • • • • what kind of competition this might be. films. soap operas.Task bank 5C/D • Speaking Part 4 How have the roles of male and female changed in the work force over the last decade or so? What roles will men and women have in the work force in future? What kinds of jobs give the greatest satisfaction? What can be done to help people who are unemployed? 2 LIJ Debating TV should be banned (Groupwork for about five students) Two of you should argue the case for and two against the motion 'TV should be banned'. news. The chairperson will decide who puts forward the most convincing arguments and report back to the rest of the class. documentaries. what you have to do to win it. whether you think they are successful in getting their message across. One student acts as chairperson. whether you can spot the differences! Compare your decisions with those of another group. 92 . who it might be aimed at. Arguments against • addictive • programmes too predictable • many programmes are rubbish • bad for the health • causes arguments about who watches what • kills conversation • advertising indoctrinates • many programmes unsuitable for those who watch them Arguments for • useful as background noise • variety of programmes. plays. These ideas might help you. chat shows. children's programmes.q. sport. comedy. travel programmes • programmes are educational • helps you unwind • prevents family arguments • keeps the family together as a unit • advertising informs • censorship prevents unsuitability 3 LIJ Describing / spotting the differences / reaching a conclusion Can competition (Groupwork for two or three students) Part 3 In groups of two or three.

what you would charge for entry. Unfortunately it is losing money and in danger of being closed. unless it starts making a profit. Remember. which event you think would be the least popular.g. what other entertainment or facilities you would provide. e.Activities for Paper 5 Parts 3/4 • Task bank 5C/D Part 4 • What kind of prizes do you think might have been offered in the competition? • What other things do we needlessly waste In our modern world? • How can we educate people so that this type of wastage does not take place? • How can supermarkets and shops help us with this problem of wastage? • What will eventually happen if we take no notice at all of this problem? 4 lfJ Collaborating / selecting / reaching a conclusion Save the stadium (Groupwork for two or three students) You live near a stadium which was built for the last Olympic Games. Part 4 • What attracts you personally to organized events? • What problems have been caused by crowds at organized events? e. Plan a series of events to bring in the crowds. you must raise as much money as possible I Part 3 In groups of two or three decide: • • • • • which three events suggested below would generate the biggest profits. refreshments.g football matches. • How can we control hundreds of people successfully? • What's the difference between attending a 'live' event and watching it on TV? • Name other reasons for trying to raise a lot of money. • What other ways can you think of to raise money for a worthy cause? 93 . what other activity you could suggest to raise money to save the stadium.

Titles • Lapwing. Some people call them art. fieldfare • This inability to escape • Sight unseen • Maid of the mist Part 4 • What kind of art do you like best? • Have there been any famous artists In your own country? Who? • If you were rich.Task bank 5C/D • Speaking 5 l!J Collaborating / Matching / Expressing personal opinions Installation art (Groupwork for two or three students) Look at the pictures. • where these art forms might be displayed • what ordinary people would think of them. redwing. others a load of rubbish! Part 3 In groups of two or three decide: • which title would best fit each picture and why. would you sponsor a young but controversial artist? • How do you think computers can change the face of art? • Could you tell the difference between a reproduction and the 'real' thing? • What kind of a person do you think you have to be to become an artist? 94 . • which you like best and least. • how much you think it cost to produce them.

• what optional excursions you could offer customers.. you have been losing business and you need to present your holidays in a new. • which four you could offer to your customers at a reasonable price. • how you would transport customers to the cities you have chosen. more attractive way.j~~"~~~~Ql TOk J o Part 4 • What type of holidays are popular in your country? • Why do we sometimes come back from a holiday thinking we need another one? • What benefits do we get from visiting other countries for one or two weeks a year? • What unexpected problems do we sometimes encounter while on holiday? • Could you survive without an annual holiday? Why? 95 . Part 3 In groups of two or three decide: • which four cities below would be the most popular with people from the country you are living in at the moment. • how you would advertise or promote the holidays in order to generate more business.-<.Activities for Paper 5 Parts 3/4 • Task bank 5C/D 6 l!J Collaborating / selecting / reaching a conclusion Cheap city breaks (Groupwork for two or three students) You work for a company organizing package weekend breaks to many major cities in the world. yet save timel • what kind of accommodation you could offer customers in these cities. Remember you have to keep the cost down. Recently. • how you would beat your competitors. ~ ? \i ~ ~ \ ~ ~ . 0 ~ ~ v 0('-' d 0 ~ Rotrt e ey IZiO.

1Il\ (. 96 .) You will hear the recording twice. Schools' programs Brooklvu Ce-nte-r Ii)]. Urball Environnu-ut (BCllE) aims to he-lp chiklrr-u filld out uhout ( I ) S()]IIl' childn'll att('lldillg tIll' BC:U E han' n'l'('llth (:3) BCtJE prograllls arc quite.LISTENING Paper 4 Task bank 1 0 Sentence completion Brooklyn Center schools' programs You will hear part of a programme about America. complete the sentences for questions 1-10 with an appropriate word or short phrase. As you listen.(-i) Prograilis assist participallts with Teachns atn-ur] (()) 11l.')) Adult am! family auiliences (7) toms popular with adult alld Iamil-. Eve-nts alw<l\s han' a differellt is) After-schoo! programs ( ~J) (10) are part of the progralll.: parti('s. Compare your answers with a partner before checking them. (Notice the American spelling of centre and programmes.

You will hear the recording twice. he (11) In small groups compare your answers before checking them. now takes less than (4) Spe(3d cameras haye re-sulted in a huge reduction in (.) Next month. 3 0 Sentence completion Artist's eye You will hear part of a programme in which a doctor expresses a medical opinion about artists.targeting (9) Compare your answers with those of a partner before checking them. the whites arc the blues appear much (. You will hear the recording twice. complete the sentences for questions 1-9 with an appropriate word or short phrase. As you listen. Artists who paint the world dilfc-rc-ntlv ma)' han' ( I ) If )'ou want to sec blue. 97 .Activities for Paper 4 Part 1 • Task bank 6A 2 n Sentence completion High-tech spy You will hear part of a programme about a high-tech traffic spy.('ye lens (5) In Monet's paintings of his garden.5) In some areas traffic violations han' decreased In' (6) 10% of motorists form a hurdcore of (. tests will be carried out (H) Highway patrols will lx.clearly through brown sunglasses. complete the sentences for questions 1-10 with an appropriate word or short phrase. Mone-t (8) He never painted (9) In 19:2:2 he complained that en'r~thing he saw looked (10) Three )'ears after having cataract surgerv.l- (6) and In a fit of depression. extre1llel~ ~'Oll need to paint an (:2) The fact that Claude Mone-t suffered from cataracts is apparent in (:3) In later life minor cataracts affect H) Monet suffered from a form of the disease which turned thr. The Automobile Club hopes the 'dirtiest' drivers will be exposed hv the ne-w (1) Completion of the project has taken (:2) The new technology was deYeloped in (:3) Identif~ing offending drivc-r-. As you listen.

The robbers made their getaway in (.to buy souve-nirs or gifts is (S) and Taking a (8) Huin does not affect (lO) san's you b\l\'ing one tI)('I'('. Corupun-r] to Disnvv \ Vorlcl it's (11 ) Activities for Paper 4 Part 2 Material in this module focuses on extracting recycled information which is heard only once.Task bank 68 • Listening 4 0 Sentence completion Theme park You will hear someone talking about theme parks and offering an 'unofficial' guide for first-time visitors. with an appropriate word or short phrase.'3) Half an hour after the pictures were taken. Allow about an hour for (:3) The least awfnl gift shop is tilt' one (-!) Younger children will c-njov the (. You will hear the recording twice. However. 1 0 Sentence completion City robbery You will hear a news report about some robbers whose pictures were captured on video.5) Commander Tucker thinks it will be possible to (6) 98 . As you listen. complete the sentences for questions 1-11.o'clock to avoid (1). using an appropriate word or short phrase. It's worth bm'ing a ticket for (2).5) You Ill'edn't (jlll'Ul' earl~ to see the (Ii) Small chikln-n will 1)(' terrified of ('/) The.best tiuu. an optional activity to give practice in note-taking could be carried out with a second listening. Complete the sentences for questions 1-9. Arrive before ninr. Robbers appear on video The robbery occurred about a (1) The distance between the camera and the jeweller's shop was (2)__ . the (-!) To avoid suspicion the men did not (. Listen very carefully as you will hear the recording ONCE only.

For questions 1-10.yon 11IlTt some.. using an appropriate word or short phrase..vIonda~ onlv. Flights depart (6) Sundav spent in (1)_ Free time for (8) . Listen very carefully as you will hear the recording ONCE only.5) availahl« on board the :\orthern Star Ior addit ional supplement. New muse-um portra~'s both (l ) Exhibits con'!' a historical period of (2) For cx-nturir-x the area has cujovt«l good (:3) Local industries were helped 1)\ e-xce-lle-nt me-ans of' (~) Dnrinv vour \isit . 3 0 Note-taking Baltic cruise You will hear someone talking on a travel programme about a Baltic cruise.. Stockho!Jn: The world's (I) Cruise-s mailable from Stor-kholm to (2) Crnises organized 1)\ (:3) Hotel in Stockholm situated H) (. 99 . complete the sentences. Sentence completion Museum visit You will hear a museum guide talking to a party of visitors to a museum. compare your answers before checking them in the key. Complete the sentences for numbers 1-7. night (9)_ on board.(:5) . 2 0. All in-ins in the displm han' been (6) Displays m.. the passenger was both (I) The colour of the vehicle was (8)_ A warning about the robbery was receiyed the (9) Compare your answers with those of a partner.ul« more: realistic 1)\ (I) In small groups. Listen very carefully as you will hear the recording ONCE only. Phone quoting (10)_- Compare your answers with a partner before checking them in the key.Activities for Paper 4 Part 2 • Task bank 6B Compared to the first suspect.

sellillg tlu-ru :3 lit.OOO straw hats a year. Listen very carefully as you will hear the recording ONCE only. compare your answers before checking them in the key.of tlu. In small groups compare and justify your answers after listening once. D close sonu.J) . B somewhat uncx-rtain. 2 According to Paul. Thc Opell Da\ is held c\cn ( 1) Those att(~nding call filld out more.thinks the main n-ason Ior tll(' COlllpaJl\"s succe-ss is A heing well-kllowlI ill the high stre-e-t. For questions 1-6. B 0111\ pallama hats. being interviewed about his family hat-making business. C or D. 100 . For questions 1-9.or the hrallches ill this c-ouut rv. the National Asthma Campaign (NAC). B sell directly to rc-tuilc-rs.. () Hr. B. C Ill!' the.Ilats B shipping hand-\\'()\('Il film' [rotu Ecuador C producing new shies lor hats D storillg hats he-lore. C ruthe-r gloomy. You will hear the recording twice. D rr-asonablv secure. C hats Ior export only.COlllpaJl\'S maiu prohlc-mr' A fillallcing the manulurt nrt. welcoming participants and introducing speakers at an Open Day. more Oil he]pillg those with astluna Onlv proje-cts which han' lx-c-n vc-ttc-cl an' consid(']'ed for a (-il People who han' hclped fight asthma ought to fl'('] (.ulv With a partner.S) Lucy \\'iggs is presenting tlu. D lnmdrrds of different stvles of hats. B since the late 19HOs. D recent cuts in staff muulx-r». then listen again and check to see if your first impressions were correct. feels the future or the panama hat is A uhsolutc-lv watertight. choose the correct option from A.than /.last live. -i TIl(' cOIUpall\ fl. C open up hrancll('s ill other countrie-s.first paper insteud of I(i) The first paper deals with childrc-u who sllnl'r lrom (/) The secolld paper rOCUS('S those li\illg in (9) 011 suffe-re-rs or «. thr.about curre-nt (2) The NAC spent (3) than it did last \ ear. the Managing Director.Task bank 6C • Listening 4 () Sentence completion National Asthma Campaign Open Day You will hear the director of a charity.vourx. C thc skill of its cruftsuu-u. part ic-ul.lt it was !l('c('ssan to A gin' hig discounts to wholesal('rs.'5 vcars. I) si IICC last vear. B munufacturing industrial lu-adwan-. The conlpany has lx-c-n ill existence A lor more. complete the sentences.compally currentlv makes A -iO. 1 0 Multiple choice questions Hats You will hear Paul Offord. 'J "'hat docs Pau] n'ganl as tlu.

C It house-s several farms.Activities for Paper 4 Part 3 • Task bank 6C 2 D Multiple choice questions Saving Australia You will hear a travel writer talking to someone she is going to write an article about.than London's unnuul rainfall C in a house.. You will hear the recording twice.mv of tlw stntes fon-'sts hmp disappcawd mer the last cc-uturv? A 0\'('1' a 11I1Ildr('(1 6 How did the Australian owner feel about selling his property'? A dclighted B uliont thrc«: hundred C half the original numbe-r D prohahIY millions B r-xcitec] C unwilling D upspt -. Cor D. D closc to plants and animals. Ilow m.5 (:illdy originallY trmrlled to Australia with .she helpecl to huik! () under th« shade of the trees S Cindy lx-lic-vc-s in liYing A somewhe-re. choose the correct option from A. 101 . B. C closc to other [iumau ]H'ings. In pairs compare your answers after listening once. :3 What clotllillg docs Cinclv cOllsilkr to hc tlumoxt sllitahle tilr her work:' A a T-shirt B watl'rp roo f.~ \Vhat was Ciuclv« dn'anl~j A to go to Ellgland B to IH' sc-ll-xufficic-ut (: to live. B a partne-r lrou: A mc-ricn.d ill t n-r:s . () SOllll' people ill a COllllIIlIJH'.uuount (: half as unu-h as England's anuual raiulul] () more.warm.inches B a r<'asollahk . . B somcwhr-rr. C IJ('r two c-hildrc-u.to 20 pcople.isolated.u«] () to Ila\(' childre-n D What has lx-come of the land'? A l ts cO\'cn.Oil an isl. B It's a holiday comple-x.. For questions 1-9. C wd clotll('s D 110 clot hes .\ an Ellglish tourist. D u s home.of vc-ar in tlnn'gion? i\ ahout tlur-c. then listen again to see whether your first impressions were correct. \\'here did they slepp iuunediate-lv after hl1Y'ing th« property? A ill an old bnn house B out in the open :2 (low much rain falls at this timr.

('Iltlllisiastie J) ])('illg the lx-st cher ill tlw couutrv .t. c: I lc: takes a(IYautage or t] u-u 1.rood critic to lean' A ill [rout or the. In pairs. B wll('n II(' nu-t till' num in the hathrocnu. Ilow do('s II(' think his appearallce has changed til(' last ('ight n'ars? . try to justify your answers before making your final decision. then you can see who does best! You will hear a food critic.Task bank 6C • Listening 3 0 Two task types together Two-star chef For a really challenging task.\llc(' is a negatin' ljllalih B arrogance creaks sllccess C greatness docs not Iollow success ]) arrogance is creatl'd hv greatness ~) t \\'hat did Andrea think or the. listen once to answer each task type. J) ill the. C Knightsbridge. B It wasn't simple ('IHJllgJ1. J) I k W('ars dil'f('rent c-lotlu-s.\Iichelin Guide awarded Marco stars when he was in his 20s. B lie fights with numv of the-m.. \\'hat is Marco Pierre well-known f()I<) .\ 7 \\'hat is the code Jll' lin's b\. J) SII(' had neve-r tas!l·d a nu-al like it. ne-ve-r speaks ill or unvliodv. A Ik B lie elk ]) I k f()I'gin's peopl(' who apologi/.\ sacking staff B Illaking staff f('('1 small C lwill. B Identify the comments the speakers make During the interview Andrea and Marco make various comments.('.\ I l ix hair is !ollgn. criticizes people face to face. J) I lr. Andrea. Alternately.Illall's gllest. B C11l']sea. C TIll' chers uhilitv had J)('('1l ('xagg('!'ated.throws 1l1<1I1\ out or his n-st.J Ilow doc-s Ill' treat his kitehell stalf uowaclavs? I k bill lies tln-iu 11Il'!'cilessh. If possible.J 0\('1' (-) The 'two-star' chcr spe-nt his childhood in A Leeds. B. " ) S \ Vhat docs Ill' 1Je1i('\e:) A arrog. II e ask('d on. .Illiddle or lunc-h. B II is ('olllp!('\ion is less clear. C or D. the other half task two.Illakes the-m bligh. For questions 1-13 indicate which comments are made by Andrea and which by Marco by writing A (for Andrea) M (for Marco) or N (for neither). .utrunt. B I k h'eps rhe-in unde-r control. ]) Italv. rorgin's and rorgds e\{·nthing. A Multiple choice questloas For questions 1-9 choose the correct option from A. C lie weigl" a lot IIlOI"('.uu-u] she had? A There was too much to cat. try this activity with two different task types.. c: I k mukc-s jokes at tlu-iI' expellSe. one half of the class could try task one. The . Marco has 'expanded' in marc wa~'s than onr-! Marco appears in the restaurant itself a few times a \\'et'k 102 . C without pa\illg his bill. 1 2 :3 4 Marco was originall~' an accountant. J) I k shouts at tlu-ru unut-cc-ssarilv. l Iow docs II(' usuallv tre-at his CIiStOIIl{'!'S Ill)wa(la\'s') A I Ic. talking to a famous chef.') .

8 Rival chefs are considered enemies. not interested in Ame-ric-ans. 11 Marco doesn't let people forget what thev've done to him. one half of the class could try task one. try to justify your choice before making your final decision. 12 Marco is pleased with his success.s In small groups. 1:3 The next step for Marco is retirement. onlv interested in nIOlH'\'. . If possible. . B They read gnidl' hooks on the plam-. CorD. 9 Marco has a slight regional accent. pleasant. Who would have preferred to stav in places longer? A . then you can see who does better! You will hear someone talking to tourists travelling around Europe.an 1]('\('1' h('('n ahle to cat lx-fore coming to Europe? A cheese B apples C he-rbs 7 I low did Carv and [unr-v prepare for their tripr' A Tlu-v honght gnide hooks lx-Iorr.lal]('\· B (.about Europ«. Alternatively. C Tlu-v read as milch as possihk.coulrlnt find at home'? A souve-nir coffee spoons B clothes for older women C leather bags D crvstal In pairs.tlu-v ldi.5 :'-iow . I]('lpfid people. 7 Food critics often make personal attacks on chefs. B. 4 0 Two task types together Touring holiday Here is another task with two different task types. 103 . D Tlu-v did not han' time to do amthing.lam'\· thinks most Europe-ans an' A B C D 6 an nnfriendl~' lot of people. listen once to answer each task type. A Multiple choice questions For questions 1-8 choose the correct option from A. J) whitt' chocolut« 4 \Vhat did [anov miss most about honu-? A cola B wine C icc J) McJ)onald's H \Vhat did [ane-v find in Munic-h that she. 10 Marco onlv employs strong people. compare your answers before checking them in the key. .lan('\ B Curv COlin'!' J) all three again'~ "'hat reason is gin'n lor Anu-ric-ans spcnding onlv short holidavs in Emope'J A lack of monev B a desire to set' other continents C short vacations D lamilv connuitu }('nts at home- :3 \Vhat had (.an C Olin'r J) all three .Activities for Paper 4 Part 3 • Task bank 6C Marco frightens some of the customers. 6 Customers no longer come looking for a fight. 2 Who wanted to sce Michclangclos Dacul A . the other half task two.

.5 I got to know the real Europe.hig cars hecame the stl'('ds aren't wid« ('lHHlgh. \\'e paid onlv one visit to \clcDonald's. 1 0 Multiple matching Relationships You will hear various people talking about relationships. Which task did you find more challenging? Why? ACtiVities for Paper" Pan .to cat chocolate in Switzerland.. I wnuld li]«. It's sometimes easy to know the answer but make a mistake with the task type.J: 1. \\'e just ate am! drank on the plane. J: . The hotel stall wc-rt-n 't \'(']\. compare your answers before going on to the next task. match the extracts as you hear them with the people the speakers are referring to. Task one For questions 1-5. which by Gary and which by Oliver by writing J (for Janey) G (for Gary) or 0 (for Oliver).. I couldn't liuv amthing I)('cause t1](' shops we-re. It's diflicult to find nice souve-nir col'/t'(. A a colleague H an acquaintance- 1 2 C afiance(e) D a grandparent E a boss F a best Friend G a son / daughter H a hils hand / \\1fe :3 . In small groups check to see whether you have put the appropriate letter in the correct place. For this part of the exam you will hear the recording only once for each task. There's a world of difft>]'('lll'c hetween fresh herbs and dried hnhs. 104 .::J In small groups. Most Americuns lead a buxv lift" Time is nlOIT important than m01W\' to Europeans.Task bank 60 • Listening B Identify the comments the speakers make For questions 1-15 indicate which comments are made by Janey. J: . Do not refer to your answers for Task A above! 1 2 :3 .or two placcs. The thing I liked most was the icc cre-am.closed. to have spent longer in one. spoons at houu-. I was ahlc. Europeans dont have. I'd like to scc France again . listed A-H. Iric-ncl]v. It was disappointing to find food with chcmical additi\'('s.5 6 7 S 9 10 11 12 I:3 1.

Activities for Paper 4 Part 4 Task two • Task bank 6C For questions 6-10. compare your answers before checking them. I'm ahaid to meet people. match the extracts as you hear them with the attitudes of the speakers listed A-H.5 This time.llw gardeuer a compute-r consultant it I ') .as you would have to in the exam! Task two For questions 6-10. There is no snobbe-rv in this countrv. (There are more options than in the exam!) A B C D E F G II I The Lunily unit is under threat. match the extracts as you hear them with the people listed A-J. The first group can try task A and the second task B. (There are more options than in the exam!) A B C D F: F C II I it J financier Iwad of statea Iactorv worker an artist a singh. You decide vour own luturc. () I i) 9 10 Now compare your answers for both tasks with those of a partner before checking them. A resentful B furious 6 i i) C D E F frustrated pessimistic nostalgic affectionate C cheerful H resigned 9 10 In the same small groups. I han' no social life. . \:1:' children go to a private school.parent an industrialist au aristocrat an nmuurrir-r] mother a laudsc. See which group does better! A Multiple matching You will hear various people talking about class distinction. Task one For questions 1-5. 20 Two task types at the same time Class distinction Divide the class into two groups. -l- .. .) . MllIU and dad inte-rfere. go straight into the next task without comparing your answers . I regret not stud:ing more. match the extracts as you hear them with the comments listed A-I. A sophisticated accent is a drawback. 105 .

choose the correct option A. c: people's fe'('lings of superiority.as you would have to in the exam. sa~'s that having a title. c: what thov an' like.Task bank 60 • Listening B Multiple choice You will hear five different speakers. The sccond speakcr wishes A he hadn't stllllini art. Speaker 4 I TIlt' lourth speaker savs that the most importuut thing about people is A what tlu-v do lor a li. i) 11(' is sonu-tinn-s self-conscious uhout A the kind ofjob he. c: enkring a crowde-r] roonr.doc-s. 106 . 2 She considers the most important thing in life to be A a stable familv life. 3 0 Food Multiple matching You will hear various people talking about food.) . B in a luctorv. Speaker 2 . B th« way he spe-aks.nowadavs A gin's one: statns. A a food critic B a zoo-keeper C a fitness instructor o a marine biologist E a psvchiatrist F a book reviewer G an anthropologist H a reporter 1 ') :3 -l .5 This time. (i She wonld rcallv like to A help he-r mum and dad. c: brings mom-v and pri. -l He now works A as an artist. B he had lx-c-n more talented. B own aT\'. B or C. c: lit' hadn't Il'f't school so soon. B her determination. Task one For questions 1-5.'ilege. Speaker 1 1 The first speaker attributes her own success to A her edncation. B a satisf~ing job. Speaker 5 9 The fifth speaker thinks problems in his countrv are can sed hv A the weakening of the Iamilv unit. e her npbringing. match the extracts as you hear them with the people A-H. ]0 !I(. B in tilt' sonth west. C a comfortable existence. go straight into the next task without a longer pause . Speaker :3 . B thc-i I' lumi [v backgronnd. B is proble-matic.5 The third speaker spent her childhood A in Livi-rpoo].·ing. As you listen.. B class distindion. c: go out more. e [or a film produce-r. c: uwav [rom her parents.

listed A-H. match the extracts as you hear them with the unexpected happenings listed A-H. 107 . listed A-H. A a different type of diet B evolutionarv changes in eating habits 6 7 I) C eating disorders o the problems of over-indulgence E observing eating behaviour F the over-production of food G supply and demand H contaminated food supplies 9 10 Now compare your answers for both tasks with those of a partner before checking them.Activities for Paper 4 Part 4 • Task bank 60 Task two For questions 6-10. Task one For questions 1-5. match the extracts as you hear them with the aspects of food the people are talking about. A B C D E F C II a cinema an aeroplane a restaurant a lift a rive-rbank a take-away cafe an underground train a stadinm 1 :2 3 4 . compare your answers with those of a partner. match the extracts as you hear them with the places where these things happened.5 After listening once. A B C D E F G H a clumsv accident simulated realitv a physical injury a misunderstanding a disagreement a strange coincidence an electrical fault inclement weather (1 7 I) 9 10 Compare your answers with those of the same partner before checking them. Task two For questions 6-10. 4 f) Multiple matching Coping with the unexpected You will hear various people talking about unexpected things which happened to them.

The overseas study centre is to establish a foundation year designed to raise the English Language study skills of students to enable them to study in an English-medium University.a inc. Mid Glamorgan CF37 1DL Telephone: 0443482021 (Direct Line . CHINA Salary: £20. Someone wants to speak to you about a job abroad. or equivalent.24 hour service) Working towards equality of opportunity 108 . A knowledge of Mandarin would be a strong advantage. and should possess a minimum of 6 years' relevant EFL experience.{(lO<! • favourit« c-ntt-rtuiuuu-ut • greakst all dIi tion . Answer the person's questions as politely and patiently as possible and give any other information which you feel will be useful. You have the advertisement for the job in front of you. planning and assisting teachertraining / development programmes. This will involve course design.uiv brothers / siste-rs • job cxperiellcc • luvouritc. The postholder will be responsible for establishing the project.~ Page 86 Job application Student B You are the personnel officer at the University of Glamorgan in Wales. + benefits package We wish to appoint an experienced English Language Adviser to be seconded to an overseas study centre in Beijing.000 p. Candidates should hold an MA in Applied English Linguistics. China. English Language Adviser BEIJING.PAIRWORK Page 48 Exam Practice Student A -INFORMATION CARD • ]wi"ht • c-olour of en's • . University of Glamorgan Appointments We operate a no smoking policy Application forms and further particulars may be obtained from: The Personnel Services Division University of Glamorgan Pontypridd. This appointment is initially for one year.

and are underwritten at Lloyds.000 Vehicle breakdown and recovery insurance This insurance will enable you to continue your holiday if your car breaks down or is involved in an accident.£ 10 per day (£300 in total) Cancellation and curtailment . Answer your client's questions as politely and patiently as possible and try to persuade your client that the policy is a good one.£200 Baggage . as mentioned above) and replacement parts.00 • Infants under 2 years of age are insured free •• Vehicles must not be over 10 years of age 109 .£5.000 Hospitalisation benefit .summary of cover • • • • • • • • • • Personal accident . Therefore.00 £23.00 £13.000 Travel delay .000 Medical and other expenses .50 VEHICLE £18. Personal Insurance . but.£ 10.000.00 £3..£ 1. A brief summary of the cover provided is outlined below.£ 100 Disruption of public transport .00 £5.50 £1.00 CHILDREN £4.00 £28. on application. we will be pleased to send you a copy of the wording.£ 1.Pairwork Pages 86-87 Insurance policy Student B You are working on a commission basis for an insurance company and you have to do business to make money.00 £6. Premiums PERIOD Up to 5 days Up to 10 days Up to 18 days Additional weeks ADULTS £8. Please note that.00 £10. full details of cover will be sent to you with your confirmation invoice. TRAVEL INSURANCE We consider Holiday Insurance to be essential if you are travelling abroad and believe that everyone should have at least Personal Insurance Cover. Otherwise. should you wish to see full details of cover. you may also like to consider this type of cover in order to minimise the extent to which your holiday could be disrupted.£750 Cash .£200 Public liability . The Holiday Insurance schemes we offer have been arranged by Hamilton Barr Insurance Brokers Ltd.£250.00 £5. this insurance does not cover the cost of repairs (other than emergency repairs. in common with all other insurances of this type.000 Legal expenses .

p. c. Talk to an employee of the them what they need to know.G++T f::::::: T-HE N I AWA Y 60 S HIT S 5159 110 . Mr / Mrs / Miss/ Ms Address --------------------.::O=st=c::Od.:e~= (I am over 18) Jc R.Pairwo rk Page 87 Mail order query Studen t B weeks ago and You ordered some free CDs from a mail order company a few of the order they have still not arrived. Fortunately you have kept a photocopy firm and tell form stating which CDs you ordered.

and 15 minutes to Javea and Denia for beaches etc.m.May Special reduced terms MID SEASON June . Set in its own fenced garden of 2000 sq. surrounded by orange and lemon groves. Tel: 0181 9284820 Property rental prices per week LOW SEASON * Oct . dining room. Private pool. Accommodation: one double.the owners live in the villa during low season and make available a completely self-contained upper apartment (sleeping 4 .Aug £650 * Apartment only available during low season 111 . Answer the queries as patiently and politely as possible. three twin bedded bedrooms (one en-suite with own terrace). two other bathrooms and terraces. freezer. Costa Blanca VILLA ROSA Accommodates 8 comfortably (4-6 in low season) Villa Rosa is a spacious old farmhouse which has been beautifully restored. well fitted kitchen with microwave. fridge.Pairwork Page 87 Holiday villa Student B You own a villa which you rent out to holidaymakers in the Mediterranean area. Barbecue and lots of garden furniture. Low season . magi-mix. You are talking to a potential client who has not seen your advertisement for the villa.6) at specially reduced rates. etc.Sept £500 HIGH SEASON July . 1km from Ped reguer for supermarkets. Large well furnished lounge. Utility room with washing machine. services and medical centre.

Page 48 Exam Practice Student B -INFORMATION CARD • place of hirth • wr-io ht h • present occupation • Iavonritc. We can accommodate exclusive bookings from 10 people to 150 or more. and played in a futuristic high-tech arena Open until late. weekly Top Gun prizes.Pairwork Page 88 Leisure complex enquiry Student B You work at the information desk at a leisure complex. BARNET 'SERIOUS FUN' INFORMATION LINE 081 4400540. We can sit down and work out a mutually acceptable formula. Quasar has few equals. every night Advance bookings taken or just turn up and join the next available game General prices from £8 . CHARITY EVENTS As a fund raiser. non-contact game bringing sophisticated laser technology to the masses. safe. • • • • • THE BARNET QUASAR CENTRE LYTTON ROAD. A 30 laser system featuring red and green beams CHILDREN'S EVENTS Special events laid on for children's birthdays etc. For any kind of party Quasar at Barnet provides stunning excitement. • A tremendous. Suitable for age 7 and over. if required. Talk to a potential customer and answer their queries as patiently and politely as possible using the information in this leaflet.£9 per person per half hour session. individual and family membership schemes 7 game formats to choose from. Quasar really does make a birthday extra special! CORPORATE EVENTS Improve your team's performance. we can arrange total exclusivity with refreshments and light snacks. For a corporate event that will definitely be memorable. No extras! League action.actor / actress • secret wish • favourite drink • reason Ior studYing English 112 .

-------------------------Identity parade page 15 Pairwork Describing a re-enactment page 74 113 .----.

Pairwork page 88 Possible suspects j j j 114 j j .

Pairwork Colourful events page 89 115 .

Pairwork ---------------- Ball control page 89 Modern sculpture page 89 116 .

-------Outdoor entertainment page 89 Pairwork 117 .

..::-..- Building development pages 89-90 118 .::..Pairwork .

Pairwork

Street market page 90

119

Pairwork

Kitchens page 90

120

--------------------------Art forms page 90

Pairwork

I

11

.~ , .
~

.--- - 121

. • F G H 122 .Pairwork People on the telephone page 90 A B c D E 1~':'.

Pairwork China Iigures page 91 E .

Pairwork Identity parade page 15 Describing a re-enactment page 74 124 .

Pairwork Ball control page 89 Modern sculpture page 89 125 .

Pairwork Outdoor entertainment page 89 Climbing page 88 126 .

Pairwork People on the telephone page 90 B c D :-··: 1. • " E F G H 127 .

Pairwork China figures page 91 A B c D I 'fie' .' 128 .

a sllLal1 .urnnu] 2.011""...o(' I'm III(' lasl I"m .OOO ill ('aslL to tiLl' \\T()tlg~ (..0 atta('k".au]."t1s !>ack 1""I1(. I kuo« plln' lll.' al pruu.il.(.Sllrllall](..\cad""lic "~(. W=Miss Williams.'d d"scrip(ilill of all tlll'l'I'rohhns.Ssi!>i" til I""sist.. I \lail'I. ii' 111('((' a((' aliI '1"('stioIS .~ un. \lal. 1('( tllillg' Itapp"" 10 11](" 129 . .()O<! lll{)nlill. 1I1\'S('1I'.d 1('I(.1"'11 I fillisll('d ill I~J. ga\r S()11H'liJillg to h\o 111('11 \\-aitiIH.il" ('s('ap(' \\'itl. .u«l ('arr:"illg a Iar". S=Students M rill \Ial'l al. 1'111 ]lot r('ally \cr.:27. :2 A \\"!I.': I raIl last .s alill COlllp"tillg.: ill h:illgStol1 Iligll Stl""<'1 \las tl«: tal". Ilm'(' miuutr-x !>"I'oll' 11((' ro!>l)('n took pla('I'.' ~Irallla gr()llp~ 'So if tlll:n' an' . alld I lisll'lI to til(' Bllt: 1 R '\lId (io lOll tllillk \011'11 ('1"1" ('11I1L(' !>a('k 10 R=Reporter. S Ili l Iii 111('((. \I'as a!>l" til gill' po!ic(' a ddail.I"H" Oil Chi('a"o I'" n'llls a lIat Oil til(' ('d..' IC)J· Ill.it la""I'..TAPESCRIPTS 1 SPEAKING 2.\Ild dll lOll still k. I'olld as ill dllck " A Yes.. dark Ilair..is .m llad {'tifl'red til(' \.i"".110.(' \(}II I.:)() fllis aft('I"II(){)J1.11. ."('11 I'IIIT(.H(('r 1011"'(' h""o SOli "'\I 1"'11' I'm a \l1. A .. 1'111..""I.. Il'al"s alld. IT.ssor of \LttlwlIlatics al thc L nilcrsitl of EIlgla])(i'~ 'I . )"S. ('I".. CI"a('('lallds Hoad. )"111 to IH' {('(lC!lillg ~d)ll lulorru.(' IH'('II :111 a('('olllpli('(' 01'tiLl' "all" \11.(' ill \lllat tl(('I'n' . A t)iJ.S('\'('l"<d CIIS{(Jllwrs ill fad I ]"('('()glli'l." Il. TIl('l tl".. xlnu. "njm's t]«: clilll:lt" alld IISf" !. didll't lOll') B I C['I't aiII11 'did. 2.'I.allk at 'I H 'I :2.0 page 7 page 12 Lasl lIi.J.ltll. "til O\I')I"d .is is . til(' 11111111'1 ol'l"rI'd to 11((' ill . al tiLl' linu: I)('('all'" sl((' \\rllt straight to til(' frollt of tIlt' qlll'llt'.!.) A \\'lial \las tiLl' '1:11111' ol'tll:llc(lIl1pam a. M=Or Marlow R ..al"d 10 ('0111" !>a"k. at :3:2.u«] \\as \\raring a !Ollg In']]('ll ('oat {:'Pl' nuu-kintoxl). alarlll 1'"1 it \las tllO Iail'..J S 11..~ l1}('n'. S 'II(}\\..grade' :\ PdSS{'S ill ID7." 111('11 \I Ii II 1I:"llw('1I \\'aitillg ill til(' qlWIW prodllccd III<lC!lill(.IIl'"!. B=Barry.('t oluu . sIlt' Ilad hi~ hhw (l~d'S . \\(' sl'llilid Id Iwopl.uuor«! I"illg Oil tl)(' liulr fillg('I" or 1Ll'I" !"n I. l'n' IH'('II 1":. jllSt as tIlt' s('('llrih'. (:()1l1PII{t'J" S.\!(' or Sllhjl'ds.unu«! ro!>!)('n at .l"{.\lId 1'011'((' \lal'l B \"Lllt(}l!.u iou {Ilis {{'nIl.glit policl' isslH'd tliis d('scriptioll of a xvum. ILad .Ii.. S=Students .1:[(1(' \\'atsoll :[("Ill.-LS \\Titing out a parkin~ ti('k"l \l1l('1I til(' ro!>lwI"s "'"11(' rtLllllill" IIllt IIftlw hallk al. I('S.' sp"ciab. please sc(' lilt' ill til(' Im'ak l '\o\\'. sailing tlimll"I. S011H' (l1"\.(.1 til(' ('llSloII((.( dccisiolls.':sl<'lllS ('()llr..J 11..1 1'1I1"('"d Ill(' Sf'('mill "lIal"ds :".. 1111\1('11']'.lpasSf's \litl. 110. Still.1 dmll' 1I11 ill till' car at lii.I"s 10 Ii. al..\.gllod at..(}II. II" (j B Holalld ~"otors. . !>otl.\IH.I(}IIII. ) .1t sp""d.(' lOll ('Ilil'II..lIllt' a~aill. do I(}II (f()'~ \V 110\1 d() I(}II d(}'~ slIhjl. Hllor \lliil" til('l 111:.'d tl".d "I"drolli" lIlail SlSti'IIL.s \\'dS 0111' or t lu-iu .lI \Vas tlH' Il.1 tI((' I.lilY !)l](ldillg adors or at'lr('ss('s Iliit tl)(..." dq!:l'(T .'-()l1 dU1S(' d"lill'l'I at':2.II('lIt '''plitatilill I'or lIlatl.I']' .s Y()llJ\. or tllI'. sl((' \la. Balik stall ('II'II(lIalll I"ai.0 I".. :\ traffic \\'ard('11. \\'itiL 111m l'I"i. I() 111\ ('(}II('aC>:III' \Iiss \\illialllS.j('('P to ('\plor". anlll'd '\\'illl 'y()llr asioilisililig l'I'sldts . A II."('ar.m"d ill'lHI.1 II.~.(. siLl' i.il" it I)('('olill's allilost as I. joill"d thc trallsatlantic 'hraill draill'. t]J('Il left iIlLIII"dial"II. ...()11 pr(.uv S(.\IIl('I"i('ap.It.'~ B '1'1((' lIall'" is Ilart.illh. ill 1(('1" {\'"<'lIlies'.'~lillg ('arrill. Sll<' said it was I(l\el. pl('<Ls(. si\ adlallc(."))"""" has hroll"ltt its m\1l rC\I'artls for Dr Sill 1011 \Iarlm\'.1.'- good at lllaking hi.110.1 ..0 2. (.lill'I"ilig 1I.'('p ill tlillel. ]\J or I can n'II"'IIII)('r .1 .« 11:.\ssistallt I'rof(.1s im ohnl xvlu-u I talk"d 10 hiu: n'('('lIth.I.1(.s. .JlIis{'. al'll"rII(H.t CI"a""Llllds Hoad. .'.is .. ill. I IISf' "" COlllp"tni".1 dril('11 III lit" \10111:'" \1.. it I.l 1'111 gOIIl.\('/'1'1/ . finll \\"('rt' lll<lkillg tJll'ir aftl'r·IH)()11 R I 11<l\'(' it Oil n'(.u«! ro!>!>"d a .I1:. and still sillglc.m !Ll'li('I"d to 11:. al.'('mill [iru: d(. slH' Ilad lIat . '1'1((' oall'."(lll w('r(' al C M=Mary. \I'ho ill HJ"r.. 1I1'"ILi"IL I \\-allt('d t() Stl1d.. sill(. \\'Iwn' IIlIl did a dodorail' ill IIlall..". R \\'. I also rlill til(' (.(' or Ill(' «itv..uu! I \I (}lIld lil« t(} illtrodll(.uk ..2 page 14 voun l)(lt~ \\"(lldd \-011 sa\' tllat \01\ \\'1'1'1' a dlild pro<!ii-.tln'ad\ IILad('1I11 ill a ('al" pal""'~1 iG"galll IIlllsid" til(' 1':'Ilk.d Ill(' n'('lInl !>lIoks wit]: . a g('llillS \\'1)('11 11('110.JIlIIII 1"111 1I0t <!oillg \'('1". !>Iack shoulde-r !>a".d Im'liollsil ('111"1"". R . \\.g dall.d h:.~. :\ 'I '1'1)('\ wmu. 1)('Ii"I"d to 11:. . J=Jolln.-illgs Ballk ill h:illgstOIl 11('\('1' tlH)llgld I \\'as .gr('at illll'l'('st. :. I"Lt ann tlLal lOll 11I'lit til .g()illg til do allltl'ill" \lorllllll.1 rc-xullx til(' ('lIl1lp"tn I"cji'('il'd tl. til(' t.. 2.(' IH'I'II illlohni ill all arlll('d ro!>l)('n ill a liigll stll'('t !>allk ill th" citl ' lI'stl'I"d.illo' ill III(' ('(}II(.~. I think. grad{' :\.).' I'a('('-dmlll 1111 tit.OIlIl ('asll. S=Students Brill \11" Bl.S(' .:27.~ llu A B=Mr Black.': sello()!'. 11.d III sllldl al"Is I'd IIl'I('.-illgs Ball\.'.1 1'\aIIIS pr()\'('d ('asi{'r tluu: n'('allill.1 I A page 9 Alid \(lll!" . 1'111 agaillst stll(h-illg a \\'id('r rall.()IJldll't wait til ll'1I ('I('I'IIHH II' R So..s. A Alld'tll(' add(('ssB I."'('d 1"1. \lILO \1"11' ill tiLl' l.1 til Iw dOIlI' a"aill iiI' Ilil1HP \1\ Illotlll'r \\'dS lilt' ()111' \\'110 vvnx 1I10S{ illlpn'.is is 1111 ('()lh'agIH' alld \\"as \\'('arillg ]()Il. hc is .gs alld Ilad Barr: .1 page 18 I'd 1.w('IL alii I'~ 8 J=Jane.1 I \I'as a I.~IIlIS 'I R Ess('\ 1I11i\1 'rsih 4..sis. 'I'll{' :'<atiollal Sa.' <llld sllf' (. III tl". FI"allk \\'"It.\(".ad all (.g at :2. Bllt Ipl"m('d 1!l('111 3.(' OIl(' !(lr Illa\' kIIO\\' ttl(' aln'<Hkor [\YO race's I"rc)lll 11](' Tccllll()]()L.l\'illg a S()11 \\1111 \\as sllell a pnlt!ig.I. A Holalld "Iotors'~ B Tliat's rigll!' A 1'011 did sal I'olld St 11'<'1 ."1 tILI""(' IILillllll" Iall'r.0 page 8 (:llar1(. B II(.r.~aill.a\I' gilt am'lII"'lT.at\ I"i"lil' Tlr..ss(:d. 'I TI.II().'~ 'I C"rL. til(' d('!>al" Oil ('dlleatioll \\'itll .(lrd tlu! \\-III'1l \'011 g()1 vnnr A 1('11. til(' (:j.I()I)('S.()()d 111{)rllil1~.'~ B \\'(.11. \0\1'. \"'111011.atiollal Sa. \dlu \\-.:311. SIlt' \'-as llotit'{. I ~J" I '~ Y(... Jlwdillll1 ll('i~IJL witl: lOllg."... Iliit .

:2 I magiu" laking 10 till' skies ami floating ~"ntk across tilt' op"n onuntrvside in a wicker hasket .\111.lld Ih" S"('I(('I"\' .. It hasll't 1)('('1l us('d as a shop f.!. Y('stnda\ \Ir BI(HIIII said.)r \"'1I< alld it's IlIlL'ir.sid"r"d a lik.. s!lillill~s and P{.'nt Ila\" d""id"d to build Ihis 1(('\\ link mad. "Is" 11111 11((' clililalt''s !)('tl('r :'. Oh. I "all ft'1! \011 1 \\.' tllall :300...1llst Ih" \illa~" as a IlilIS('IlIll. () Th" shop. it's s\lch a IOllg :'Oll\'l' got to Second reading :\ rdir"d grocn.ixnt 1ll'''lIlls('d as a sll0l' «II' \('ars alld ii's lInfair. 111.a. alld SOl1l" of til(' h"sl singers ill the . hilt higgcfr It SUIT is a hig ('011lit 1':' :ull'rc talkill". .. I "all'l sal I()r Slll'(' ahollt h"lt"r.l\ 1'111 \\I(('n' a f('\\ Iligllts an' slill 01H'ralillg.) /\lld tlw (TO\n! arc ~()ill~ \\'ild Iwrt' .~ lip \\·.u.1((' Illat's wllat \1.1111 "'11'. L=Ernie Lawson. ~ Th" societv Las h"I'n in the r"-d for si\ Illonths 11I1\\..) \1 r BloOIII. "\"llill~. Conl\\'aIL h"ard Ihat 'dr Bloom O\\'"d !Jack-tall's Oil his shop. ill \l(ln"or at til.11.wit!1 (lllh tW(l Illillllt{'S \illa~" sl. . \\110 dis"()\('I'l'd lilt' Iloard willi Ilis 1IIt'Iai dl'l. \vas d('\:. I SllpIHlS(' tll('l'(' Illight IH' II gmill of truth ill \dlal \011 say. it h: raillS hilt tllai's wi" il so ~r""111 A. lall'r ('altl(' t() {'\ca\a\(' tIl(' sit('..\ alld. . (inli(· LawsolI.\lldn'\\ Sinclair p!('.. I )('spil(' Ilis pl('a t lrat hix dis"O\'('r)' is 2 LISTENING 1. 1'111 \('IY "rms :U((1.\\ days. Till \(']'\ noss. \\'(' do s\lIlpallli/.1.~. it intact to th(' \'illa~(' as a 1111ISI'1I111. p"opl(' an' Ill'iu~ turfed out of the-ir homes . \\'~'r{' ('oll\'iIlU.1 .. It h. \\.11 \lagic broom must Ill' IIll(' of tlu Iliosl vcrvarile updght vacuum cleaners Oil til(' market today. Till \'('I"\' cross.into "IIJHTlllarkd plastic hags.. Sh()(.s n.SO.l'-. I"" l'l'lllaill"d \irtllalk Iiolollclll'd sil((.ll'IJi(I~ists.. S=son F \\.) P"opl" clont al\\a\s r"alise \\T\'" got the olde-st hm!..'1('11111 ill tIl(' ar(.«. :3 Th« Bis.J'l'd \11' La\\'soll t() IlarH! ('\('1'\ sillglt' o!li.. II:" (' Illis strall~" id"a that w("r(' bilTlTer 'alld hetter thall t".) art' Olllv 100 (kliglllt'd to ~o (1\(']' a li"ld willi Ilwir IIl<'tal dd"dors I.) Ill'.() alld I(.'2.'('t O\'I'r \'ari()IIS hackgr()ll11d h'~.'('lor alld Ilad 10 S"ool' III' Ili. vou kllo\\ 1'111 right reullv' S Y('S~ r~l just 'u'(·oiliu:!.)I" \lr Bloolll.)0:2.. ~ \lagistrat"s ill Lisk"ard..S . lIo\\"\n.'.10 It'll 11. willi vIr L. l'r'op!" ask \\hal it's lik" 10 Ii\(' dO\\ll IlIld"r :lIId I al\\a\s "" lilt' salll(' tllillg. work!' F Dont ludr: . Y{'st{'nLl\ ('\'('IJillg !H'llig('n'lrt Ill(H)(!: () (.J I)ming om thn"'-d. H \Ir Bloom It:.-axurr.!. Y. En'll g()ill.1 J(.n'('('i\{' ('(lIllJ)('llsali()1l lill' dltlS{' llll('()\rr('<! ~lhj('Cts Ill' dll.'2. It \\oldd Oil" spoil \vhat llH·)t!wr llat'lIf(''s gi\'(lll l1S~ .: liard work hrings ils 0\\'11 u'lulrr!:. is said 10 1)(' \lortll alHllII lIO IlIillillIlIH)III((1s !llil \lr La\\'S(lll Illa\ ()11h. 3.' illollglll 01' ail illis liard \\'(1111 :'011 I)OO}" 2.ni Sl'" [or miles and F S I )011'1 look so r/"j"I'!('r/.\I. . lin' .tt'li it H()\('r~ \11' La\\'SOII W.d I "II('SS 1'('01'1(. wit!1 a Illt'lal e1l'!('dol".' Possihl" kov \\ords urt: in bold. \\(."! \\'Ilat (in .0 page 25 1. F ok S t1lill.L"i(' ('Olllt' to tIl{' ('llst(lIlWr st'lyict' d('sk ai lilt' frolll ol'llll' slon. Ilalliralh.(. clos(.. 130 .11.()..\2.-lt .lirs"d to disiliaull" it lxcun:«: lJ("s (.110 ll'n to .Is".s t r.nmcr.sllrf1.d io I"". \\'(. illst a!Jsolllit'I:' sia.ll(.-' all\()]ll' (. . tll(':' ollglJt to he hig wht'll :'Oll'J'(' dri\'illg fro!ll ('ast to \\TSt~ "lItitkd to propn (. \losl of il)(' o!li('('ts \\(T" adllalk h~ a {{'alii (J at'{. G=David Gurney R .and all Ill'caus<' till' ~()\nnlll. :3 1100\'('\lT.~ idl'<l t11at voun being sar(..{'rill...al. !1J'(Jocll<'s.''011 f'Hllll 10 11ll' aIIIIHlrili('s or la.'2. It "nlaillh \\lllt'! ('IIt'(lIlra.' also lalk('d io I)a\id (:mll"\. R -\1I official d('('isioll Oll t"" tn'asIJn' trov" is esp('('t"d SOliII' lilll(' ill til<' 11".. take-n Oil a full-day excursion 10 lilt' Dutch bulb fields 10 vixi! lilt' world-Famous Sp(HlllS alld slatill's dalillg fro III All :3.)r II. \\as said \('st(']'d.g dO\\'11 tu ill(' S!l(lP~ !(lr half a pOlllld or Pric('s tlll's(' days.1 page 24 sl)('akill~ lo .d to disiliallt!(' it l)('ca119' !H''s ('ollsid('rillg !H'qll{'athillg it intact to L To 1((' 1")ll<'sl. ahollt hn".('d 11. ag('d Hh.. \11' B!OOIlI has n'hISt.slakd \I luu \\1' lalLe'd 10 hiiu \I'skrd.1 as Ilis sll0l' '1las 1)(.alld Ilis illSisl"Jll'(' Illal lit' ill!()rJll('c! tlli' nut lunil icx orllis rille! as SOOtl as ]](' dis{'()\('r('d it Illagistnlt('s Ila\'I' ()nl(.1....IFIIl' Exam practice page 28 R=Reporter. Bllt tllis filld's 01' particillar illlporlaIIC(' IJI'''''I IS< . alld is slill iii 11\ ~as ligllt.J 4. Holalld Bloom. and auditors sc" that ils financial Iuture looks insecure..u.'r" IH'!t(']' ofT willlOlit 100 11I:1I1\' tomists... \Ir Bioolil said.('~ R 1IIIIlrl'.S.~" 111('. . wllil" Ill' was lo()kin'2.Tapescripts • Module 2A 2...1 page 24 ]() )"stl'rd. \OU will I«..0 page 24 I ask VUlt.11."011 tllillk :-'-(lll"n' d()iIH.OIH' I'rol'"rl\ aod lilt' sIH)I'.{)ld alld sih'('r cr iiux.)J":1IIgI11 ill a dil('IIIIII'l.(:111t' IHlSsi!Jilitl 01' pnlsl'Clltill1l. vou kllo\\ \\llat tl(('\ ". '(' k( '\' Oil I'ag" 1+7 tIl(' [[Uill nlll\\-.. (.p.\SOII.g('IW\' pllo!w hn\ First reading ..ollsidcrillg !H'({lwatllill. \\as ord"n'd 11\ a COllrt :rst('nlay to pay local COl11 It'il Ll\{'S Oil pla. mind vou' Bnt \\e\e ~ot a \"n old and ancient culturc-.. 'I'll<' fil"ls "all IJI' w.-s.('S tilt' ~rollod floor of \Ir BItHlIlI'S thn'('-ston'\ t()\\'lI hOlls"... )011 Oil" r"alis<' 11011' ()f ('OllrS('.\Il\"\\~\-. too.'dg"d lilt' ""lit' 01 lilt' 11I)!>I1\ of IIldal d<'t"l'tillg alld said a propn 'thallk \011' to all thos" wllO 1(('11'to ('llri.0 Oil page 26 Aet!lall:' \\'(. It "an do ill seconds \\1I:lt it IIli~hl lak" \011' hours to do bv hand.1 .. It's prohah" Ii"" !i\ill~ :1I 1\'\"1It'n .' killl\\ alH)111 :21)11 IJI'opl(' wi. ag"d H(i. Ill'ard Ihal \Ir Bloolll o\\"d !Jack-I.J \\'(. ~O ()Il~ <.! S 1111111.'\(' r"allv ~ot to "llall~.'1"(' ill all ('111('I".0 page 23 ()f ~n'tlt Ili"tori('al illlj)(lrLlIl('(\ alld was IIlad(' nurscrtcs.'\l's Oil Ilis sllol" TIlt' pn'1I1is{'s llad IH'l'll assess('d as a IIOll-dollH'Sti(' IliIIlSt·"·.'ld \\llicll \\'asll'l ('\('11 cOIl.It is still lit I" gas light. ill a 2.lic. VII' "'''\SOli. 10 ('()Ill(' lill<\'anl'alld d('clar(' {lIlr disc()\{'ri('s ill d('"iliiai. )(·s. Ill' \\as ord"r"d h\ a c-ourt to Iialid ove-r Ilis Slllllililig lind last 111011111 (>I' tIIOlIS<lllc!" of\2.} town hou-. ifs not t1l.'..UHf S('(' it /(11' \'ollrs('IP Sun'.:('. .\ h()-war-old t.()lugical sitl'.~ to Ill: Carr ·1 Tllis is a slaITaIiIIOIIIl('('II(('111. Its till I<' \\" a"kl((I\II.d sio. Bllt the 1:1\\':s til<' 1. trip 10 Holland. \ Iagisl rat( 'S ill Lisk( 'an L Com\\all. IIOIl(' Ilis tl](' 111otor\\'. \\'Iliell lias r('lilaill(. SOllllds: S('(' ou Ilis 1'111.:)..3 page 19 F=father.m(' I!w!ii'l(' ill \\'(lIllill' its ()\\II . it lias of\\llidl \lr L'''ISOII \I ill 1)(' all 0\\ I. 'I'll(' lill<!. \\'(' ('stilliatl' tllat \\a:' !(lr :'Ull Ellr()p('alls~ :') Bllt it's a !)('alltiflll cOlllltr: COIlH' 0\'('1' 1"'" 'O\(T ill<' lasl d"cad(' Illor. disappoilll<'(1. ('\('Ilillg 10 1)(' d('\aslat".- UII pag{' l·-I-h.. Ll\\'SOII /(JllIHIIJis trt'tl\llre.d IIIU!'l' or It's" iIILH'{ sill('(' it \vas S. COldd .O'(lIl.S('1111IS. hlillt'r I(('ar" hr"aks illt' old pi.'~ . \\'c\-c got plent\ of that.\ rl'lin'd g]'()"n.(' IHSO.. SllOldd 11('\'('1'\'1' .'skrda\..']'(' all IllllS(' \I'ars ago. You kllo\\ I cunt nsi«! tC<lSillg ~d)ll~ \\'('11.(. \\'" sl")llld\" k"pl 11ll' old pOIIl"ls.L~~i(? . it occllpi"s t11(' gmlllld floor of \Ir BloOIII's tlll'l'('-slor.\(111 c.(' ils "Ioslll'('. Do I (1"('1 tlu UI.. has remaill"d \irtualh Ilntollch"r! sinc" its c1osur"." hallkkll()\\ \\'kLt i 1I11'all'." our 1111.-. lill. 1III"'lIl to SC"·.:ll:'!.()JIll' LLrlll to()I".prill"ipal tlrclltl('ol()~i"t lill' t!ll' . \\'as ord"n'd I" a COlll't \ ('stl'rda\' 10 local COllllCil LL\l'S Oil his \'illage shop.1 1I11i1 Oil tilt' I(('ad mil. esta!Jlish"d !J\ his Lltlll'r ill 1.(lllljH'lIsalioll.~.-\Ilholl~h "Ios"d 10 tilt' !)]]i. ('sla!Jlislll'd h\ his failin ill !DO:2. \\'as said \ "stl'rda\ "\'l'llillg to he d. .1. \011\(' ""rlaill" hit illt' illt'n. il ()('Cllp.:" ill Ellrope. it la\ !Jllri"d ill a fi.1' trlltll.'\astatl'd as his shop lias !J('('1l closed sillc" 1').. 11(('lal-d"ft'l'till~ l'lltllllsiasts.') The prcmis"s had !J""1l '''Sl'SS"r! as a 11011dOtII('stic propcrt\.1v arcll<.\2. or <illdH)(!\ (.-\ltholl~11 e1os"d 10 till' puhlic. it has 1""'11 100'illgk pr"s"n('(1 as a lime cap sui" of thc fifti"s. I"" «mlld IJiJIISl. IH'('II I()\ill~" pn's"n"d as a lill((' "al'sld" oftl)(' fift i"s.O(JO ohjects\'!' \H'('ll iJrollglrt to 1IIIIS('1111IS . the\ COlli" looking for mouutuins alld SCCllCT:'. It's just Illai 1'111 Ilol..· a pit:. ('('rlaill". Holalld BI(H)IIl.

is a trac(' of 1I11l'a'" ill IIIl' alliallc.gllt distllrh tl\{' he a 1IH'lllhcr \\'Ilat d" 11ll' (..\1 \\"'11. 1I'IIIai d.« hall' ollic-i..al's a gn'al cia:' Ollt at S\\'illdoll lell' oIlI:' \.Tiki h-iO it'~ call('d.sl ror I\\"(. tlll'l 'n' l.'d olf ill (:ll<'sllil"<'.ill" of jelreigllers~ Pc"pl.gistl'l'l'd 1(.'l" tilt..\~ t!w 11lggc'rs' Ill(lttll. lOll call lak(' .iv.. \\'()IHlcrill'g wlu-tlu-r lot's Ill' Oil 101' or I.' Lillda "I'jlll a "'I1<II'a'" IlI'dl"<lI"" art'a.'. 1.iv. \\'" n' 11<'1"<' 10 rC"'II<' lOll \\illl loads ol'l.'ll" 11IJildillg lip .u had~ .lIhl. 1IS.rhd <llld lllllllieipal car I'arks ' Bllt ""' H.litl.. \V \\'11('11 lOll hall' . Both ('alill" arc ol'ficialh Oil good UTIIIS..ulOtll<'r strill~ to \'0111' h()\\ al)(1 take llP ardH'IY.el"1l1aIlS l'all't 1)('lil'II' h.lIit""llt it 1I("III""'lllahlc III "'1111 \(111 1111' illl"mutillll.' "J"IIll'gr"lllills "Itlll'it" 1. . III hc!.pCrilIH:1Ital \\(ThClld.'r or 1110 Iligllts' I...' addr('sscs \\" I'rDllli.d I" Ill' slllal1. llot too tllirsl\.d. '1'\.d olf a hrid..g11 to S"I' k"1 Oll pagc 117. ther.'cial collcelor ('ards. n (.-allv II.cr !lad a \('arllill~ to a otl)(.III'elor ('ards alld "lljo'" t\\"O short hr('aks..al IIIS. IIIl'j)I/i1. sa: join.: ". ('od('. sports cOlllpl". it's 1101 r.0 page 31 addrc~scd ('III('llIp(. as th"Y'I"<' ]. G=GIrI B YOII ('.'lIllr "III"<'llIl'" latl'r.at's it lor tod..al \\" II. \\111'1'(' 1\1 EI"IT dal' rrolll AIIglLSI l-ith 1IIIId \!Olillal iS~'I:('fllaps. l lowcvor. at tlw risk or ~('Il('rali/.u Did lOll lu-..j"k" tllat h"tl.. and h.\Ild ('(1('11 of ('\rr:C)IJ(' (-1".utivitv id('<ls tutu: into BOJ"('dOlIl BllS{(TS \'011.1 scud a slall'l. (:('rtaill1. mlldd lIorlll'alh palo '1'1".g{' \'arid:' or hirds.lllllcrs arc knowll as 'lug.' tl'lId I" Ihillk "J" 11. o\"('r to :-011.gcrs' in Ihe car. as o(a S\'II('llrolli/.i.da\"s at Southport Ctnt rr-.(Tlllall {Ollrists tlH'.g""d s"lid "'I1.g.u lvr-ul urouv.ati{)ll.r. dOld d. \\1.-rilltilill hilt lII1C(' I'OII\(' "lIl till' "II" [!7 \\ill "'('1I1Iikc glilid ~'alll(' le~' IlIOIH'\. all (:I. as \\'ell as 'I'('d d.. Tll<'re arc at !('ast t\\'(.. tklt Illi\2. Bllt 1\'111'11 11ll'I' d.. \\'{"1I gin' :'OIJ Ollr addrcss to pill" 'Illotorcar~l\"all lllight sllit yOll \"cr:" \\Tll! lI11 .gll·.m world ... or page 33 al'l.-r 10m O\\ll stcam. all Cln]: wouldu! alloll 111g~(TS to 6=80y.join till' B'.' 10'. \11 id('a 01' c\('rci".'d II !1orcara\ all iH'!eJl'(' Illahill.'s('al'ad('s..) .\elllalh. \V YOII Ill'" llS(' \"(Im coll"elor ('ard 'lill lillll' !)('I\\('('.I S"I).()lllltri('s~ The Frcnch an' s"lIll'tiIlJ('S tlll"lgl. or :(lIl'rC ell<'(.i.:m.'s iSSII" o(tll(' /J1/i11/ 'j'1'!I'i!.1 page 31 R=Reporter./ 'j'(-II'I!..'. l'(lll11lIY! \\'lll'lI il ('lIl111'S III l'lI""i('s.\\-ho IlIg th"ir Iilillg qnarters arolilld \\'ith thcm. lIal."i\\'{'rillg lllacllilH' and lIild-liI. TIll' first 11"('sli"ll is.llriI'S alill sl'''pl'illg as \\('11 as C'"ll'illg tril's.unu-c! tlWlll lrr nu t luir ~'r . "...'rlaillh woulrlut catel. \\'lll'n'\"('r \"(111 d. IIair 1111' pri('.lIillg arolilid IIIII].. \'011 It's hallg OIl targd Ie)]' Sllllillwr fllll! 11'\'011 "Ii\'(' ill Binllill./ 'j'I'!('i!... Jnd\'..~()i'~. hallJnH)lIl. t!JrO\\"ill~ tlwir tc)\\rls ()\('r dlTh dlairs allli poolsides ff(llil as carl: as -.~ t1lill. lod. So tl.l. 1)('leln'gd1ill. o'clock ill tlw IJlllrllill.sl'a[. r('cogniscd as a dill"1'I'1I1 Im'cd' '1'111'1 I.~('(' j1l111pi[I. DII!('I.at l'e"I'I" Illillk ahol1t SOIII(' ol't!lt' C.(' lligl1ts' I)('d .«: ill Auxtruli.1 page 29 mouutain OIl :-Ollr doorstep just \\-aiting to 1)(' word lor tlu. alld a [17 '1111111al sllhscriptioll :'011 call joill t11<'1111 You call t1': it a gloriolls tilll{. ThcI dOld halldlillg th"ir cars "" till' st. .d al \.Cur. all lOll Ill.'('r. "II" a hill-J.L alld. at till' start "J" tlll'ir l"llg j"l1 1"1 ll'l s"lllll. 'o( \rr\.I" oU.all -i. for \lotorcanl\aIlS an' "-('!cOIII('..\1 IId.1dl""" arc-a write. thrir til(' 'al'pcaralll'" is al'pt"lll'Lialt. I think.'d 10 do is collcel 1/'11 din"l'l'lIth 1Illl1dll'r('d tokcllS alld stick tlIl'111 ill spac('s prlll'id('(1 Oil 101lr coll('ctor card.11 ove-r hall a milliou cur.1 :'(. For loads 111111'1' . and t1H' J)clgialls.apI"10 I"..1 II" alld his \\il.al'o is (lCrOllics! TIll'1I 1111" sl'''lIld I.'1'lid 1"'l'(1I111' a champioll! ~!iddl.(..llicll'S ill IIIl' t' K compar"d with \\(. R . W=Wornarl \1 110\\ do '-Ol! EUIl'\.t!.ilig Ilion' It'rrif\illg than {willa scalcd! YOIl can trv climbing on one of the actil'ill.'llS I'"hlisll('d ill III(' /J1/i1.ll'l'Ollllllo<!atioll Jill' tll(' pric(' OIl{' at lll()]'(' II.. wit]: about 100.I"III'!' call Il('lp lIlli' To tak. air ('(lIl{!itiollillg.\. ill \\ords 01111<' (:ar. \:011 f"r till"...~llalll \(lIl eall. IIlIllrs as IIII'I dmd I. .il]v "I"!SI'd 11011..' lip tllis . tll thc Is IOUI' idea of halillg a hallicalillg all 10m In.. ('01" of til(' It's m'll-kll"\\11.al(' all <lll. hi!". \"(111'111)(' mn' of 1111I1I11I'r's ill IIII' 1'1Il1111' """k 'liid 1'"1 ("Ill pll()'W dllrillg ollieI' Ilollrs~ DOII't lr:' pholling p"ss. ('0111<' '"I' It's 1101 th. 'r I !"11.in for ddails. For a IlIlId('sl 1(".t luir \\('d~ing./ 'j'1'!I'I!.!.ui« \\olIid In th. ir \(111 coll('ct 20 tOkCllS lOll call fill hotl. Thov cost onl.' tl". Tlll'l actu. ('a. \\I.I"II/J!'.).'r IlIl"s alill ('1('11 lIltns.illk "I' "I Ill'r natiollaliti('s..1 <llld !o\\' ('lloll.('ad l . I II It tl 1('1"< .'sl"'lId IIp''lI till' (.allce to hi." . s('ssiolls ('acll \\'(Tk al)(1 it's ollIY \.\\'hieh me-ans 101l\C gllt a mine! that.1t!'11 ill('apable of llegotiating tl)(' IIHllllltaill roads or 3. g('t to Spaill.~ tOIllO!T{)\\' ultc-ruoon \\'itll Ill:' d()~.. pcopl.\ dailll t\\'() COIIS(Tllti\...~ Iliit \\'illIlIlIl till' allllilal "d".rllv jlllllJ)(.lll'l"I ('III". to ('OllH' tlllllhlillg do-vn G Oil.I"III'!' \\ill pllhlisll (Ill(' 10k"11 ill ..'\c!I'S. I loxt ilit i. c(.)O sllp('!"h holt-Is.. as .IH1:rrs at arc athis('t! to ash t!WlIISI'h-('S SOliI(' 1j1]('sliollS ahollt ]10\\.\\ sl.1 page 31 M=Marl.' a hall doillg til(' \'~1l()1(' stuc-k IlIH!C!:unllllld.1IS call Ill' Illadl' aIH)II! 11'1.I"\\I1 1I1l1l1('ll\'ill d.o's talkitl~! 'I'll(' Ill~}st ('\('itill.ullllm'akL. {16 .~ to stake tlwir ('!ailll~ lIlllsidc lIUi('(. it \\illll.l'd S\\'illllllill.lt-d sli/Ii('i"llt 10k"llS. ulthoush [](j mal scr-m a Ilit 'at thc tilll.ulv .\\'III'1I1 "r. \\.lllclIiars '1I1d IlI'ad I(.(.2: tlu-ir ('I[()i('('. Tlln'l' of its IIII"lldll'rs lIa\(' ClIlI'I)('lcd ill till' O!l'llpics.0 page 30 tllat \'Oll\r G \\'I. (.'ro'is ii' lOll kllo\\ \\hat '-(ll]'rC d.lIli ('lIldd al\\a\S add .g c1llh.\\'s: d"("'lIt alld lillassllillillg."'sld 111I"11 IllIl lIl1.. TI.)0 a «-ssiou.h'llltag(' or tllis on.(. Sl'allisl.1\' is t1)(lir progn'ss S()II\('tiIJI('S~ And by tll(' tillH' tlwy. pro\-id('d.clld)('r til(' 1st alld \lal til(' :llst (sllhi. dal and.'it" ill tor ddaik And Iiu..as(' dlln't !'Jrgd tll illcilldc IlIlII" addn'.~~ thr.'d ".''': holh III<' ('oll'Tlor ('ards.. 11ll' (. \:0 pre-vious l'\!1{'ri(']H'(' is 1J('('{'Ssar:-.olidal adi. .'ssi". W=Wornarl . M=Marl." LII"i" car..... \\'h. lu: not OIl{' II)]' t!)('s(' iliad .'jl sl"p"s SCI llIlL_lIlliliar in their O\\"ll (."" '1I1alll DlIlI'll cars Irawl: till' 'Dlltch sllail's pal''':. olll'rs hallroom dallcillg il'SSOllS oulv [2.000 r('.caral.'s('. All lOll 1I". stc('1 cOllstrtwliOIl hll..~ II's".. \\ IloJIIIIl[)(.'d 3.111 Illal c'"II'I(.! '~:or IlIon' illJe)J'lllatio.I"II!J!J 1)('11\"("'11 .('d S\\"illllilillg tcalll.1\0 wor:«: t hun.. so ilvou Iiv« ill tlu\li. shootill."11\11' \\('\(' 1)('('OIIH' accilstolll('<! III at II{JlIW. (Hll<'r 1I1l'lld)('rs illcllld(' til<' C(JllldIY's jllllior CII<llllpioIIS.. J=Rick Jenkins R \(otorcarm'.::3."iilWSS alld s('lIillg il.\(' a gll at loads or other ace sports thronzhout the<la\. aC!li('\'illg IIH' rc\('rs("~ ~'Oll Scpt.~.. \\ill il Ill' !Ill' ".'r.uu! does 1101 olf"lll! pulilir opinion.. l)llll."l"Iliall alll"J.'s a e1.'cide 'tl. P[.1'1111' Il'nlll\r ('\.lsi alld n'lll<'llll)('r.chu-cha-cha alld 1'011 muv ('11'11 sit< 'so B Cor. lllicrO\\.n ah(..t1H'\. Bristol has S\·II~'llIUlli/..""1\\11 t" Ill' a Iittl!' crilical 131 .d logdll<'r ' I ask \O1\!.'p :md vonll h"...-ilit'S all ()\'. /JI/i{.oo\..r. 'I'll(' first ('ollcdor ('ard \\'as pllhlislll'd last Salmdal'. or IllotClr('ar<l\illlllillg.. an' \-(111'~ .r s('I.l\'(' alld c('lltrallwatillg~ or ('oll('el til(' 10k. Ih(' "'COlll! is pllhlisll('d ill tod.'d 10 illdilidllalllou.ss alld a slamp ..'lllh~'r htl.'oll. souu.~ to 11SI' t lu-ir II stroll ~t1()II...al(' a 1.P"op].al dallg..~ ('\('1' <I'OIl(' 2. thc !\. Th(' IlIgg('rs an' \\('11 ill III(' miuoritv.. (.g and ski-ill.Oll.0 l-:a('I'lIati'"1 lias its "\\'III'('rccpli.rv.. t]JOll. Ill" pot-holillgI ("lid Ihillk' 01' 'llllll. ooh a lun. 'TIl{' 1I(.llt d()~ Exam practice pcopl('s.ck J('lIkillS.1I1 lot as wr-ll: 'tllggcrs.Crt!l<IIIS tI.'s I'rogr'lllllll<' is "lIlill.!" a "'('01111 lilli".getting a\\-a\ I'nllli it all Ii)).. 10 c('lchrat<.'d BOI"<'dolll HIISltTs~ Ifit's !lorillg ill C()rillL!.il(' lilillg ill 11ll' .rah IlIlII" "i.arc ~oill.' not joill a h.:1 a tilll(' to Cll~llIC(' ~d)llr arlll! Plul!Ic \\'c I\'alit !" "'" !11I' \\"rld I\'I.'ael.'" of OIl(' al aliI or III<' I'arlicipatillg Iiolt-k I r lOll ('olllpl.il"l' ""(' ".'sl'air.tllrooiu dallcillg tl"llll'.J C"t illto' st.sports ce-ntre-s II()\\' hall' their own climhing \\'all . llati"lIalili('s an' .ms.'.\llgllSI l-ilh 'llill S"pl"llll)('r hIli alld alla('11 111<'111 10 s\.including sailing. go. s" sl.' for III(' pri.s('nati. III til{' r-.olt-I <.~{'{ illto Sllj){'nll. hack ill till' hOs.~ tlw s('..'s hchilld 1'011 alld tra\"(..s .. it's a staltdillg prognulIlllt'..j If so. SOIlI(' .LslI0n' 01\ a sprill. is a uicr.\\.r SlIillllllll.11I1 fllc.. IIIl'1I tlll'l'(' aI'(' Ilion' tkUI IO() hin!"salwtllaries organised h: Is tOllriSll1 !(lruillU all {'\'{'Il ('!oser lillioll of" IIII' S'l('il'i1 1(1I'IIIl' l'rol(Tlilili lIr Birds.Module 26 • Tapescripts \V \\-ell.illv.' illslalll'l'. si{tin~ f(Hllll..11..~ carri('d a\\'ay. \-it!c'o.3 page 30 2.' all {'.t t" 1)(' ratlll'r prolld.'d 10 do .'\'{' lllt't (lllll(llida\': SOIJI('\C' 1)('1'11 kIlCJ\\'11 to tal'd' call S('{' a Illl.

ill III(' "loll".~ wll~tt to d(). "Sally 1I".: .ulv kuo« that 'Colonihias ill t].~IJf illla.1.llo\\-lIp 'J'/1fI1"'\'".' lit.' alld 111\1(.'... gr('t'Il..l Ill' \\as I'ree 10 ]'('j".'d.I . I'd lik..itl. I )t'horah. pe"ling.!.2 page 36 So.rk (.al.s \\'ill I""" I.Tapescripts • Module 2C ahout the I()()(I ill th. .llit ill IIIl' eOIl\('rsatioll "etl\(" '11 till' II.strllck 011(' rnllli lIlt' {'(1I1\'('rsati()11 illlll". great \I()\\"('\rr. gi\"11 tlil'SI' dill''!'''III'I'S.satiull f't't'lillg tllat III('· i<!('il oj' Ilis pa:'illg of J"('. H'plit'(L -rIll I('.couutru-s thcI visit. . lIaliolial ""'."lh li'l'l ol.Ol"llf'tto ('!"('aill.m said: 'TIl(' "ook-keeper Il('eds 11('11' wit]: till' illloi"illg.: wom. I Illnlli. (r('(L orange.~ across tlu\ \\'orld." all I)(' n'!IwIldH'n.i. Tr. an' Bolivia . . plac{'s.a!'. SIl(' 1l1a·\· ]]()t"H' 1)('('11 132 .md Pa~'agl1a\. slw's als() gi\'ill.-\III('riealls. llilll all ()pportullity to ('\pn's"\ llis rt'aSOll !(II"lIot (.1111 an'ld asked '1'I('stiolis a"ollt Ih"III"'''''S I" a Britisll p('rSOIl lila:' aSSIlIII(' tllt':"r(' dowllrig!lt 3.' 1.u lu: 111"'11 dill 1('.ses a\ter II(' IH'gall 10 work 1'1"1-11111('.lllaL!.\. I'er]..re. 'I'll(' \\-0111. En'lI so.IS SII~gt'stioll."11 raised Illil 11111 sl'illed.ss I'lII'g.'rsoll's first '''lIl1''.\ re('ordillg is pro"a"" OIl(' 01' III(' "cst \\."\(' sll I"s is 110\\ 1111'1 ask \\-Lal t!H': \\-all!.1\. th(' I)('st thil'l\..h"t SOli. I".e. .\. alld 1)(' a..ll'illg.'salllpl".. Ih"re ar(' 'so IIlalll 1':1'111.\"re I)('tt"r "iiI II.r '1Ililldl'lIl'. .at to do. hltH'.lig('d 10 110110111' tlll'llI. l)('t\\''I'1I Ill'r illdinTt stile allllllll' ilion' din'd sl\I.uh-ic(' \\'()\}Id \"()1I .(']" to do SOIlIt'tllillg.ger l'rllpt('d.c: Corne-r.~i\r liS .0 ill page 35 it St'{'IIIS tiJ<y 111('11 "lIld \\"()JlWIl e.' e. Bill 110\\ IlI.'SI)('II."\. \\(. III tIl(' ('IISllillg (\llarn.I' (.\ihl(. alld cOllc{'ph alltl reasolls call 3. ill a 11111'1'\. Eri" alld Olltario.l\\-a\. D=Deborah Tannen The plll..·d Illat II(' «ouldu: spare til(' lilli".u«! oltc-u thun ill a big group.. .ro\\' lip IH' Although fitted anllll.and the.1I1dLltlwr t('l1ill.u-tion-."S 10 1I111!erstalld \om "'I'll lerl. \\-ollld car(' to ('la!>oratt' Oil \'011 1i·..' tI. '()!-.irls" . lih' 10 gl'l a fis Oil . .(llllpl:-illg. \\'OIll('11 ill ]lllSiIH'SS h: ps:'duJ]()gists. I'or """II'Ic. the slogall is a good 1110tto lor all Il1 JIt-'1I10J 1ic-: uukcr».ill" it \\0111.al's ill IIII' pasl \\. lllli a r('qllesl rrOlll rr():/.\. Idaho.' 2. Conside-r I].ig lIalioll.'ds Ill'lp \\itll till' i\l\oi. 'I !<-II' till' "ook-k""I". 11I1)('r 1l. ('I"plo:'('('sr silt' lisl or Illitial Il'li<'rs. \(111(1.' 101110 1lt'lp 1]('1' Ollt {oela: ('. Bill \\-1l<lt lit' llad Iward \\'as a .e.rla"I" S.Tonline: to tll('lll.('II pizzas to tIl{' 1l1lin'l"sal (. ..lId~' "I\ie"'trll OJ')'. till' i\l\oicillg todal: i\ p()s.. li'\\ peopl. 1I11I'ri"lId".<lell llH'lldH'1" of til(' e:rollp Ilad a ('<lll]{'ra. I'ri"llIls "all 1I11slake COIl('cnl I()r COlld('s('('llSiolL alld l)('opl(' :-011 I}('. a\l\.' I'ro 11 I ltalv. is a cOlltil.L.-\lthollgh the\ do St"'111 to I"... TIll' 'I'd like lOll Ill' silollid sat ish Ill'r St'II. A g(')(HI JlllH'IlIOllic call pn)\-id{.lop"d I" 1I11'II.diale!l. I=intervlewer.i' III ract. i('('- \\'/.)ti. s()lllti()11 ]1Ji.'spit<' til(' fad IllaL a<. AriZ'-lila.-r. :\0\\ a S~l1ll('l'H'SS is spr('adill.. t rv to u:«: a 'I'll(' ""1I1 had said.. \.1.\\.tiJiJlg is For the CS states bord"rillg Call ada trv this: '\\.!. AIIIIOS{ as tllOlH.1 \\ollid I}('I 1'1'111 Ilad 1)(. 1).1I1S\\"r shl.. \\'a\' to J'<'lllt'lldH'r til(' spednllll ofco!ollrs ill 1. :\ortll AIII"riea.e "'"11' ('nd.[ill'llia. Tallllell . \\'llilt' ho:-s tt'lld to ~i\(' ('.li.lor all allli"ahl. I'"l ('all do is to stalld I"i('k alld list"II.ind who sit th"r" cll('willg sacllv ove-r their f()()(1 wit hout {.s IIvieal 01'111. TII('\:r" g"lIeral" n'gard. . vonIl Iu l'llli 01' lInwl11ollics. \\'Ilal do lOll think allllllt }It'lpill. all: ]"('. ahva:'s 1I11m' ('njmahl.e..!. . I n'l11t'JlliH'r 111\" '2. Ihollgl. alld ii's IIII' Oil" \\'Iml ill till' dictiollary to }H'gill. Ther" arc th" nastv dlarad"rs ill shorts \\ith n«l.l" at 1I1l!{'SS IIOl1H'! :\s li.se t\\(1 t\vi"al ""lIl1pl.'1\1I1 as lillll' l'asSl'd .Oti Il'r alld Ill'r adllit SOli.g 11('\\.."1 tilollglil al xrut it . II's all a IIlatllT or C( appearillg to ~i\-(' (ltlll'r.u«] de('id. ill s('arch of far-distant e:1TCIl places Oil III(' "dg" .:'. (:()lltrar:' to \\'klt :Ull Illi. uoboclv cooks lx-ttr-r thau the }. Il.British ha\(' a dllal n-putut ion. South Amcricas ilion' straightfillwanl.SI' or polit{'llt.llJ. \\'i1('11 tl«: llaliallS \('lIlm.. Tn (w"sl to "ast): "Sliper \I. It ('OJlWS fnllll th(' Cn'ck pro"""" \\'"lldld reel .0 I page 35 III Il('r first hook Yo" I"sl 'I ( I/I!e/'sl/l"r!.. Slillflllrllt skill all ove-r the-ir hodi"s..n'('d to do i!.\\.11".. \\'hil. jllst n'I1"'IIII}('r C>\-:\-T 1(11' Cal.lll Ileips 1':nT\ Ch. bill \'CHI'lIm'ler (Irget th" onler! til<' S"U1H' \\'(lr!(L lIO\\' th{'\· IIS(' lallglla~e . After all."iolt'll.r"at I.i\(' Ord(TS to llialt. talk is tI)(' glll(. if'tll('J'(' is illdigo alld .\s.r ""lIl1l'l". I()r . the-n ther." 1'('01'1(' alld a S('IIS(' 01' COllllllllllit\·. \'('llo\\. Da\'s late-r it h.s laskd IH'..l\'illg SOOll all:'\\'a:'. .11. But.rilig 11.mot lur case. (\Ul "Olt pn·llislori" periods alld 1"'01'1.U'ltl sll('\ statillg tl](' 1"t'aSoli j()\·Il('r n'qll('st. sl)(' n'llIillds ILS t"'ll l\'t' dOIl"t I""" 10 look 10 0111' lI"arest alld dean'sl Ii.:rellt !""P""S lilah.'aILS" it 1I""s \\.s.\fm. It's \('" Iushiouuhlr: ill ltulv to "" thaI vouv. SOCill!()gists alld illltl1l"opologists slul\\s Illat Ollt' or till' IIlosl strikill.ltltl IHl\< sit \Iat iOlls ('all app('ar \-ae.~ Ill(' tllat I So \"hat . But ill pLUlllill.L" alld "I 1111111'" A. It cUldd D (:lTlaillh. 1. Oil Iloli. no" Ilk" Illis: "I II.ielt iSid pOllillar \\'itll Ih" Britisll.'s. ':\t all m diwd oll)('rsto dll art' IlUln' likel: a~t'S ~irls t!I(''' dOld rt'ali/.'ks !alt'r Ill' \\as adillg as il' 111('1 1".' Tllt' \\'Oliiall \\'alk('t! . \\1·11.·lill\... I. 110 10m \\I'lIld 1)(' cOlllp"'I. . 1)('1' Ollt~' l lvouv: 1(.ing. The IIloti Il'r Ii·lt tI.Ji' III(' Britisll Isles.\ "all he S('('II dri\iJl.r 11('11' "..e:ic.Ollllllllllicatioll LtilllJ'('. YOII call groall at the joke il'lOIl wish.md vl iunc-sot.'Hieltard OfYork Caill"d Battks III \'aill'I"..~ill('.1 it t'llltTg('d {ilat Il('r SOIl Ilad Iward 1]('1' stalt'1I1('llt as all ()pilliUII.' II11 1St [illllllll(ln'ds or all II111 I.lIers who arc IC" lOllg-sllffi:rill.e' ~ 1(lr lak"s SlIp. J{l'sl'arcll 111('1'1 al I'arti.ake is whi"h. '1'111' lIord '1II1I('III1)\li."t IllOSt p"op]" arc I'"lliliar witll. all sill' 1".«l to alll snhj""t. and 11('\'('1" \rry dc-monstrativo. a hasic strllctllrc l()r 1carllill..Ships togl'lh"r: it er('alt's cOIIII('etillns 1)('1\"".~t'slioll OIl(' II(' Stroll. I'or """111'1.'11 "lid "I' I)('illgjllSl '")(. Iwr all... wr-ll. \lIthorit\ n.ail}('d B"tlles III \aill' \\'as all ('as\.1I1 alld till' o\\'lll'r ol'tlll' IIIJllS".lluslll'd "llog"II}('r.!.:.\ "'011"111 .'.'ollili."\ opliollS ill d('('idill.re11ehI The. \li"higall. '1'1'11. to [iud 1I)('III(.~ ()IT{'llsiH'.. \\'ith allth"se di\'lTgeJlt cOJlccrns \\'()Jl1('11 alld JllCI) t:Vically 1I('r SOIl h\ s{'('kill. I \Illst '\ot \Iis"'ac]' for \\'ashillgtoll.latiolls arc al'so illiporl.fillilioll: it's a pll1'ast" \('rs(' or sa:'illg d('sigll{'d ttl Iwlp :'011 n'l11t'llIlH'r SOIlIl'tllillg.1111)('1I10Ilics.111 llad askt'd llt'l" SO]I jc)r n'lll 111(1)('\ (. I!l'n''s \\hat th...oulv twr: statl's withou! a eoastlill(.ollid IIIl' "a"e sllop O\\'ll('r . :. d.1 t]..1 page 34 I Ihal "'0111('11 ('sped til(' o('"asi'"lal sllll\' or 1IIIIIIall illll'n's!. :\orth Dakota.11 it \\'as all Oil<' COlllltiY.s .11 the\ are tn'illg to aehie\e l'Ollllllitmt'Jlt to ad.itll JII!/. sll(' IIligll(\'" tried to "1111 till' COll\rrsatioll witll For l11('n. ill :lO I('ars' lilli". sill' Illiglil sal. ].v.~ rail'l!)()\\'."t wa\'s alld for diff.)od 1l1lH'.'s th" gr"at IIlass or Hritixl: tra\(.'.S11g.' call n'II"'lId}('r \\'I.cti\'iti('s Itold n'lationships togl'lhlT: talk is IIseel to nel!.jILSI as 111('11 call St't'1l1 distallt IHT'UI.1 to do wa. I" \\1. ill II".g rhvthu: .'1'" Is tllt'rt.'s or cou [usiun: -\ wrnuun who O\\III'd a "aLt' sll0l' asked Il('r male.r lOll 10 pal' n'lIt ]]()\\'. still iI's "lear tllal slll''s il'llillg Ililll wl.iell (.wll otlll'r 111\t 'rsat i(lIIal sld('.al as IIIl' par. inst nnlioux. ('t)llllll<lll(ls.'11.lograpllS 111('\ lak..'d as I)('illg 0l'ell alld h'i"lIdh-.11 alld it's got a strollg rhvtlu II.o"lII'al.llt app('art'd.Ial'all('S('..t IIIl'II oft. For 1\'t)Ill"lI.'.'.lH' I )('callSt' t ht': I"""ld adopl('d til(' "risk 'I'"'slioll-alld.11I n. ('\'('r~.01'1" alrc. \\ill.'.!.s Illah' 11('1' \\'isill's LIIO\\lI alld Ill'r SOli wOllld cliltOIl).()lllplaillill~ or gnll11hlill~ ahout <lllvliJillL!:.g a talk dilferenth \\'h(. lx-rn to Scotlalld l S"ollalld's ahll'llSl I"'~'olll(' a slat lIS slilihol l Alld III(' AIII('riealls.1 1)(' rail' Ii..tI ('asih h\ Sl'lItt'lI('{'S 1l1ad{' lip fro II 1 a DEl'. Irom the COlli "rsation Ila'ill~ "Ileard' "'1'\ dili(T('1I1 int.olll('rsalioll..[i.r..ill .atiollal distilldiolls .r II". gi"'11 hiu: sl)('".~IJt 1)(' to fjllt! a ('()lllpnJlllis{' I(.alld \'011 could 119' lll()rt' British Pr-trokum ti) get ti.'ttahlc' higger and !H'tt(..jc'l"I'llt'('S .' d"".:r..\'('d the argnllll'lIt so far.oliat(' th"ir position in a gronp and pn'St'IY(' ind('pelld"n('e..'oll'''''lItralt's Oil til(' dini'n'II("'s l)('tll'l"'11 IIlal.ISOII :011 .\lId tlt"1 ottr-n \\'alk aw. '."1 I .I \\'1.'d Il('r a..S '1'1"'11 111('\'go ha"k 1I(1lllei ()I)('{'.raeterisli.al stll.g lur 0111: II" 1.Iil'kr. 110\\ sl.llOllic lllakes l('arllill\1. 'O!-..' l"ls "Silllp'" d. 'I'll(' owne-r w"s ups. th.l.1111 IHl r(."i.) D (:('rtaill". \!t'sieo alld Tesas.' Eell. and tl. Th.~. tltat holds r"latioll..'rior.raltl" hut lllad lo..1 il.: cl. ..'\ can I}(' appli. :\S!..' alld 1"'lIlale shies Ol'(..11 II(' mraut. \\'I..111'1 spok"11 al HlIlt it. Alld il\ulI CA:\T 1'1'111"1111)('1' \\'hich CS statl's border' \!t'sieo.' "llItell('d Oil 10 til'" old ster{'ot:p{'S as a r()nll t1Jis'~ lill' relli. ('all [illd 10m (11]('Sti()lIiIH.0 and 1. dir!lTt'I)('('S !)('t\\-I'('11 1. Xloutuu«.111('1 al\\als S("'1I1 10 Iincl tiuu."/ "alked a\\al l'nllllllll'Ir illitlal ('t)JIH'J'.1S1. \'11 think a"'"lt 11('11'II'. Bill il' sill' kll('\\ til:.-t: sll(' \('11 sll("d.giH' liS all\' ilIon' l'\alllplt. Il.r. \lam 1'(.s il St 'I'll I that tl)(' 1\1'() s"ws an' talking at ('ross-p"'llOses.. \\'hil"-\lIl('ri".IILS \\..<' 10 pllr<IS(' tlwir pn. Ld's taLt' .Hlor's Oil Ih" E'lilator . 11.'l1 !llilll'sl!'1 Illisilllt'rprl'i indir('ct re'fllests.·."\llrall(·('. \\ho lil('d \\1111 11('r.

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to . t(lO.'.2 page 54 I he' JI("'II 111'1'(' Sill(". Ni I pia:' Ill. .'.) 110\\ 01'1"11 ill III(' past . \\'('11. p.'I' alld lias .t \. ()llH'!" all\' ll]{lJ"('.\'011 S{'{' tl}('\.lillg al"ltlll'\ Illillk tli. Hid"'rd Hlls". TIl(' 1II0St alarlllillg disc!oslll'(.m 11'1'" 10 lik-...ukal1tag('S I)() \'011 O\\ll all\ Clr til(' /(lll()\\'ill\.m also prmid. TIll' filial hisluril'al l'('('OllStl'll('tioll olT. . \-j()I('lllT .al's right. loda\ 's I.... T\' s('ls s\\'itc!lt'd OIl ill tIlt' \\'indo\\'. ]. so th" kids clld lip s\\'appillg the-m witl: their Iric-nds..r [\OO. :'()ll\t' got to illla~ill(' til(' sdtill~ alld S111111llt'r pnlgrallll1H'S tOlligl1l i.ga lxtuu«: I get hon'd at houualld I like to ('IIl<'rlaill 111\. voull n-cr-iv«. 1'011111 i.apl"'I)('d ill 1-..-lllH'S ('IH'ol1ra.' :\11 lOll ]"'" I"r is iJ]"('akLlst alit! {'\'{'llill~ lIH'als..u L.s all (·I.·\.r tI"'l IIlattn.all"'s S()11Idill]('S distracts llilll l'nllil Ilis Ilottlt '\\'ork. p A~'l'()nlillt!. I lil«: pla\illg tlll'llI 1"'(""1'" 11.illg.rist0l'her-\lIdn'\\ \\'hat tI. I('a\(' 111\ III. TIll' si~llt of so 111..(Ilwat i()Jlal .·..· a ]ot of pro hi.~.1 page 51 I'd }l{'\rr /()J' soap OP('LL or \\.' \011 ('ollld I'('('I'("'!I' the SI>I1l1d 01' a 1'1.." Sl'. :j The kids arc.s. th". SIH' Iiall's til{' IIOis(' it llla].'\('ilillg..OilSt'.'rc jllSt L'. ilvon sa\{' [:25 a Itlollth.('ahl(' ('<lsII Silill 1)(' I .0 page 45 hllt' to drillk a pill! or it t() ('111"(' \ariOlls illl1t'ss{..)1' til(' store.as.'\"s Ill:d tl. F Provr-u:«: called '"idco Kul».it t]. Ilo\\'('\('r.'\ slarl ligl.s or do.. a[..('(//. at . \\'11:' spr-nd monc-v going out to see sOllletbiug \\hcll a /(.. lIoti('" is t h." a lillll.J Tick all\ \\I.1](']"(. i. \\(' illllll..c xcxixm. \\"aIL aroulld ('\er\.·s ill 111\ lin.Sm il'l IIlissi'I.. c!.11 \(111 app" lor a 'I"otatioll. tilt.· hal'kgnllllld IIlmil'..· l'S al'tlla]h ""ni. .g tOil IlI'a\\. \-i<!t'() .sIlPP0S<' .['tll(' dil'fi('lIlti.[' inllut iou.'~~n'ssi\(' hilt S()]ll(' or Ill:' rri('I)(\s otll('r'llliJl.i...""1.·(·d(·d '\\'as a littl..1. l-higlltOII.·s Iili' ('m.\II \(11.· rca]h ill latn lil(ol It "'"I do 1110"" dalllagc thall IOlld disco lllusic! \1111110\\ 10 II'is Satlll'lla. TI. TI.()!TCl\\ 1)(' a\\al.-\1](\ \\.'.aral'lt'rs \ollr.L!)(! r. Os I'rol(rallllll('s.i.·h.s1 '" ("""" .sOli'" peopll' ('(mid cal] it a hit II "'I'C"I""'\ .ltl\ al'l'llraC\ ".~ralllll}{.illl ar!2.J""'·II \'il'lmia ('lIl1ldll't stalld Briglll'"1.1 WI' jllst \V(' kl]{)\\ \\.: nlwor]..l'r til(' (·rlg. \lilitan I'istoriall La\\T('II('(' Frl'l·dlll<1I1 alld llis Hllssiall (.!..h ela.· I'allli" sits glill'd to till' t].' \\i'th a sizl'ahle I'ash ]1l111P SlIlIl..lIl.111.' alld w ith ur ol>ligatioll \\'hats()('\'{'1".al1111mic Ltllati('s. BriglJt(lIl toda\' ITtllaills a 111agllt't to rr()111 aLlr \\..·\I'. 1011" \\'allted a "illtelldo 'calise I kit len out SO. \\'{' go frolll Iwrt' - just :2 \\'" (lrder IllaSSCS of thcse (.lm'akla.· alld tlll'll I .) t(l l'ollld frt'l' "1('(' ()r ('Ilarg(' -..d t]1(' I q(i:2 (:lIhall lIIissile ('risis t.II11'\\ork t(lO lat..' to do is inve-st SOIlIl' ol'so.) I starlt'd IIII' I. IIa\1' \ 011 tholli!.'"I1"S. \\C\(' 1"'('11 sellillg '])isastl'l' Sirikes' T..l'd that t]\('I"(' \\'('rt' !()]'. hilt Bngl..l't a high score.ll(. I'd like to pla\ mor. I(. \'id('() .ill('('rillg odds .l('t.ollgl.1(']..·\ .!.I"'rslI.1. \Iilld ""I..llt ill 111tld('ratiClll! \'()Il 1<"" :l 11'. 1']lI'ir al'o""hl'til' \ isioll \\'Oilid I. a traq'! . tlu-vn.e 01' it..\THI like at the i)]'ess of a hutton:' ' . ill I H:')() .·l'Iri('al sllo[' lIitl.. it.al do \'"1 do iI'''"I1'I<'le\isioll sl'l "(.r txvo 'at a l'oll'l 01\(1111' c!".· Ilot 11('\\.J I d01l'1 t hinl.11 "'plailll'd.h. \Iartill \\'aill\\Tighfs IIl1l'i\'alll'l] ahilit\ IIII' ll".Il('ll TIlt' slIhj('t't ()r 0111 nllllld-t!I('-('(lastliIH' s('ri(. 01' till' snies.·r '"ld wlu-n-vr-r VOII lib·.a\(' 1""'11 LuIlI('llI'd had tl. TIll' d.u«! with one.. t'YillL'. tI.·d IlI'r I" .'I'(' jllst askillg /(..r grealt'r thall \\"lShillgtOIl calelllalt'd alld that th.(J Tick all\ \\'I'iell apl.'s \\.·II'.'.SI'I' it al] as II disappears '"1'1' tl. tlll'lIl.· ill tilt.. alld 01'" (.'II"'IIIS""('s ill IIII' ellilll wal<'r.uid dirt cheap'..il.>ars a\\'a\.·11 selld \011 1'1111 dl'lails 01'1111' plall..OOII'. I .·1."s illst 1'0 ']ogic 1I('IIilld it at all. ('Olllp]"lI''' fre. [l1l1l1edia((''' a!'tl'r this progralllllll'.. to spl'lld as \Oll choosl'..' Th. \\'Ilat do d():J il(kist.Tapescripts • Module 3A Krill 1I0t all th." ('Oil'" aerm. is that t]1I' Sm'il't Illlc!ear ('al'ahilit\ \\as adlla]" "..ht \\..(lll"11 gd fr('{' \~'(Tk.I.1\(' lOll tllrlH'd d()\\'11 a social ('IH. III' I.J \\'oliid \'"1 gi.>\'I'(> al] ahollt fightillL'.. II.. \\'("fl' llllllth. 1'1'1I111 .~altlt'. E.·11. Ill' dOll't k'Hl\\' \dut \ going 10 IJapp(."id(' pal. {'!t'\'('IL (l\\IIS a S('ga \l('~a l rriv«.S. Illosl \\'itll'~ S \\'1".l lor l. TIl(' tl.. til slll.vil1 ]lI'lp k.r .'1'\ \\rci<.r t]1I' last It'll \ears dOld .it jllSt SI"'lIldll't II(' 1. hili it's dif'/l'r(.Olllll11llli('at('s~ .·11 Ell rop('". \\'Ilat I dOIl't /tTllikt· d()ilH!. si."'('('pl"'\...\ real t I.S{T tIl(' t(.dllrill.·dia!l'h got rid of our ('ass. to a hook hv ElI~(.all'a\ili'>II.J . . !lll" Itl\' first s{'(· (If('\<LItIS..· silt·s.~s \\'ortll S\\'i{(']lin~ Oil 1)('('11 Oll(' 2.11 orel"'sl'ra ill a muxi« roo II I ' .n'al palal'(' or filII' 3.".s (flat "j<'\\.Olll' 134 . .s pali'·III.Slllall round ohjed' But 111"'11 \\'{' Il('ard tl«.. tll. I \l'IIlIldllt 1)(' \\il]""lt it t}( 3. PllOll(' lIS 110\\ ('\t('llsioJ] :'):').1\ IHlt .r troll hi.illg:s 111'\''1' s\\itl'llI'd olT alld till' \\]".s:. .sis """ltll's 1. (JII('" .{)() . . I dOll't thiuk unvou.. P :\idHdas Scott. a Ll\lIl1ril<' l<'I"lisi'"1 prograllllllt':.ahil last \ear \\']11'11 I \\'as n'\'isill\2:. .·tiIlIl'S I'd rather jllst he with Ill' I'riellds.j 1)1'( ).g til(' \\{Tk hilt 111.igl.· li.· e]il'l' It.llt \\'itll IlO \'isl1al il11a~('s."I1(IIl1ati('alh illl'n'asil1~ cout rihut iou-. Didut real" he]ie\. It defies all ('Il.n.(· Ilapl"'lll'd I".. "Ollllt lilT II l){'ac!H's..rr-produrtion <n' \\('I'{' ahslllll!l''' .· Ill:' St'ga 111<l(']liIH'. -+ \\'.uu: dock: 011l'(' vou start :'OlJl" plan a freT tt']('jlI]{)J1(' illIS\\'('ril1g !'llacllillc will l»: vour»: alld Iiuullv.'I' \011 alll'ad .:t's.!.d pla\illg IIII' L'.\\'IlI're \\itll till'se ]lI'adpl"". Ilcarilig prohlelllS.lliell \\'{' pnllllis(' .ist without tl«: lx».('llH'llt I)('calls{' it or "'a \\atl'l'.. And juxt ]ook at till'''' mll"lerl'lI] olkrs: wl)(. I. ' :. Thc kids get tll('ir l'"ck('t 1l101l('\ . II(' 11Ii.'lld . ]Ll\ahle ill thc \I'ar :2010..('! ol"tlH' all\' aggn'ssi\'(' sOlltl1 (..· III L'"lili.OI1(I-I"..s hl'lll'r 11".L'. 'takitlg till' \\'a!('l"s' (.110 .urounuotlutiou ".sp(Tialll to .s lliosl ('\ot il' St"l.1 page 46 thc place /(. Iwli. sill' dO"SIl'1 rcal" lik. ."":.o\\'·\'. \\.. with it lW(':llls(' I think SOIll{' of' tIH' galliC's arc horil.(.\\. Hut whe-n this 1"'\\' digital thillg first presellted itself \\'e wrr« all a hit sceptical ill the staff room at first.aUi dis"gl'("'s.'f{' is l'{)I1\'('rsat'i()l1 it's lIslI<llh..·d Ollt its tlm·al 10 hOlllh till' .\2. \\111'11 a ("'I.. I(s jllst a Iljt~IJtlllan'" \\'('\c rllll 4.Iaspal BI.·\ tllillk \\'ollid 1".d thell h("ld 1. W.J (i \\'i. \\'1"'1 do 'Oil Il'ilik ahollt lat" lIiglil (.ll 1I0\\'.1 do \011 (""11111011" do \\itll '"'" ('\" Oil III(' 1<·!<·\isioll'.(·It'I'(·d m."'-old .illL..s iu our \-('IY ~('ll{'l"OJ1S Scll{'lllt'~ . .1 I page 42 l\\'! It l. I dOll't 0\\'11 all\tl'illg ..OIl W'.·.·tl<' pla\ers and I'IIsll('d 'lilt to "'I"ip (IIlrsehcs wit l: t]1I' latcst ill Slllll1l1 t." nium cOlllrols IIII' lill'" I "all pla\. IIIlt th"11 I I'(·ali/.' \\'hid.(o.'('IIIIO]O"" .wlm iSI'lII.. ('".Il.· Oil till' 'IY. J is Oil Hadio -+ Oil Satlll'lla\ at -+ 1'." l'I'a]" talk~ to .IIt'lI tlwre's 110 "art Id\ I'(-asou \\11\ \'011 slrouklnt he ('I'lehrating ill stvlr-..s t lut llligilt 1)(' I r{Jll!Jlill..i('l. pl'al'lise Oil \Ollr I'ri"lIds.~. ".taill Ill.i2.·11'. -+ Yes..111: !)('opl/' Illillillg J'(l!llld 1]('1' IltlllH'.·\'. all sC(.·s olT I'rolll tlic rcsl III't]1(' wor]d ' TI.~oiJl~ to \\'atl'll \\'Ilal ~ Ni S()1l]('til1I('S I ('OIIH' 11()11H' alld start pla:'iJlg.'rc The :21 st ('ClltlllY is hardh ]ig].UI\" time. lIotl.lyine.icixtu ill c1Jildrcll.llat dldliollS plJhlicali(lll.'1'" 110\\ 111I'1'(.s 11111 Oil" to illllll..!II"lIt rl'taliatioll real" ('oll]d ]I<'\{' 1"'('11 "Ital. \:Cl!lO{h.·\'1'(' IWUer 111:1I1 \\alchillg telk..shirts at [H"SO cacll.allWS silO\\' \'011 \j()l( 'lit 1110\'( 'S \\'llicll \'()II call n'al" 1I.illg T\' li.toll 'ill\elll<'d (1)(' S('<lsi{l( .ilH'S art' ClP('11 \\('(']":da:s I'nllll q a.~ II It '111 ~ 110\\ \ \'il I. TI..h('re \011 \\"ill (:('!c']natillg th" 11I'\\' 1I1illellilllll'.~7:) \'0111" !]{l\\' si/'. and alter a while it's eas\ to pla\ thelll and L'.J ".actll ].lal<'III"lIls do \011 idelltil."a/.J 3 SPEAKING 3. I dOli I lilld 111\ sell' l)('c()tllillg a.Sill' ·\lliall("· is a withprofih Sa\'ill~S p1<111 wit]: l mill-iu ~lIar~lllt{'('S <lIlt! hOIlIl"'s dl'l"'lId('lIt Oil I'lItlll'(' pl'll[its.ml IOIIL'."l is 11I1I1"('sli'"lah" till' IIlost c!'illillL'.sld it'.ai2.1 Thc..' hllildillg IIi II 1'('llI'aill \talldill~.. \\I'id.e.".i2.lIl..alll('S lik(' lilat hilt I SOIIlt'tillWS 1. I sc..OIl1llt'rpart\lItoll SlIirkm It'll c!lail'l "'" I (:I.slll'd \\ill.'.LSI'S to hllldi(lll'. \'{'IY oneil it's sOll\('thitl~ to do \\'ith \UlllllH' ('oll'trol .t tli'·IIIS.1.l.·. ill a 110\\ I'islorie alld S(IIII(.·.irll"'IH".I. SOllH' ol"tlll'e. :011 Illil\' or 111.1111H'1It ahol1t \\'Ilo"s . TIll' pl."d .\\.):2.r III(' I'I'st ol'\IIII1'lil'. ol'tlll'S<' . Bllt il""I\.· e"lItre 01' Lunilv Ii/i· d''''Sld e.ri II ~ :') It's illlpossihlt' to \a\' \\'itll . P "icllolas adlilits t\.· 11[' \\al('I.· SIl]lS". 1I1111lths late-r vou call see it ill vour 0\\'11 Iivinu room i.\\'11 as (lilt' all ... .>(>II Oil pLl\illL'.'n·d ill \\111/1 if.l'h. Exam practice page 42 YOII jllS( \\oll!(hd lH'h('\'(' !Hl\\ lltally:'ol1llg ["'01'1(· ('0111" to III(' \\itl..

('\!H)s(·d uuti! till' poli('(' til<' hi. \\'(.>I'I)('tra\al 'liid IIIIl\'(I('r. \I('all\dlil('.Ul\ alld S\\'lll SOOII d.\I'ln til(' Irial.-\llrora a fil'f\ \-O{{'.an' of till' (:r('at Il'ar. I l]lt'all.()()() "l'i.illllil" 1'11111 I" S"olt S(llilIL I LlId. \\'lli('11 \\'illlllril tlll'ir \\mld IIpsid(' dO\\IL Kil'l I girl "'p('ri('II('('S a ]()SS oj" ill1l0{'('11{.'r(' .girl.g()illg to talk ahollt two of" tll('lll.' \\'lll'll I gl'l p(. alld ill 1-'>71 hn sisl<'r I Iallllah !>('calll" Ilis \\'if.".[('(..Il 1)(.lIll'iti('s like S~) OIL 1'111 !lot allowed to Irisll r('dlll'ad \\110 1)('('OIlIl'S a sldlrag('(l('. III the sail\(' year.'>-'>:3 S\\'111joill('d \\'it!> Tholllas 3. d"St"'llds illto a spiral .sill('ss \\(lIlid ha\l' lak(.Jprool' plall 10 k("'I' til(' Illlllll'\ Bill \\Ill'11 IIlistrlist s('ts il" till' <jllil'l ILllil.t.DO miuutr-x ()r()r.~ ill tIl{' last I \\"{lIt1d sa:. houours." \\'('11. had th('r(' a 1'..Lill('u into th(' s('a' Luckv ch:) R his forger's .ut scandal \\'itllllill a dOII"t till' Ill'st Illillg ('\('1' im('lItl'd \\'as pri/r-\\"illl)('r. S\\'lll Ilad I'('('('i\('d m. II ()'<'!'!lIk" Us 1. \\llidl is \\.~alli(' s()lIl\(lscap('s r('d('filljll.1 is a trillillpil 01' all fro II ts I \\'hitr-. 11(' sllccl.ur.galllic f'rall<! ()!wrati()lI·.litrrnllv .iSt('IIl'(' I .S oj" ]"(lIllall('('. who«! o"taill('d till' P'Il<'ll( Ior a carhou Iil.g ('('rtili('all's 01' alltlll'lIti('il\ 10 gall('ri('s alld BOIIIl. I}(JllI' lIas \('{ /()rt'S('{'11 !Iii.\ ' . !<'on.rl Fr'lll('l' \\as 11illIIl' 10 \11' alld \Irs \'all ))(.l'('iH' could \)(' the .U](! lor pl('"slln'.(TIII<lII\. BilL ill tllis sau.il'('f()1"111S' ..11 To g('( Oil till' sllmllisL a "ook lias to Ill''' 'grippill~ 110\.\\ ('o"kpit is a d('ad pilot alld 1)(.a.s al I('ast :2() \('ars.~ (']('drollic uutxir: ill a 1l]()(!('rJl classical 11ll' \\(lrst puuislnnr-ut \11' Yall B('rg('11 cOllld r(.~I(' ol'g('('s(' . SalllllS('d to Ill' a tllP IlIal(' III()(I"1 hilt 1I0W.~. 1.! sill.<.'w \ards Iroiu wlu-n. ' . So whil« tli('I'l' lIla\ Ill' lnurdr..l'(!' or ('()llI"S('.ook is Is:at(' Sallllllns.ollt Ill('ir Illar""1 \allll' [\I('II'J . Th('r(' \\'('1'(' oth('\' addr('ss('s ill Paris I'llt till'S(' \\('\'.'s.1 of till' \('ar'.m' a Lts('illalt'(( audi"llc(' of 7()() ill :\c\\castl(' in ].\\ lioms alld \'all ])('11 Ikrg"11 was appn.1 page 66 Xi"I.0 page 67 l l. aud ill ].' of om p'llll'l allli r('ad all sis sllllrtlisl"d till('s'" Oil tll(' progralllllll' toda\. 111'111'11 ]lr<'ciSl'k that.\'(.1l1alll('lpi('('. A\ aila"l(' Oil el) ('\"'lltl".0 page 66 tIl(' ('](Ttric irOl1.'j\rd'{lIl tIl(' S('('II«'.('(1'. 1. B{'atjn~ tlwir \\'a:' tllr()ugll a Sllo\\'drin.d till' \\a\ to all sorts Ol'illq"-O\('IlIl'lltS ill 11ll' '1IIalil\ 01' Iii. tllt':' kL\"{' ('{'rtificat('s or irons ill till' lin' 11ll'1I lil'tillg till' I'l'd hot tllillgs ' :\0 dllll"t alllllit it .\lld III(' Ill'\( I.g. .'.n'C()lllllH'IH!('{! tlu. 1'lIpllI Oil all (. C \\'('11.rvr \-011 llotic('d 110\\ Ulall\' ('Oll\'('IJli()llal hook pri/('S'l<'lId to ove-rlook till' Lillli of "ooks \011 Aud 10llighl \\(' Ila\(' tlu: LIl. 11('\ ll]()j'(' tllall jllSt a kllHlsOIlI(' ' Lice l 135 . ('al'lpai~!)lill~ f(JI' tIl(' ri. .\('lllSi\('k Ill'opl.g:. \'('S. III til(' uuuutinu. (. 1)('11 (. 10 dis('()\n Illis gi.II" c""i! /i('(/i!. III(' pidm('s \\illlla\(' 10 Ill' d('str()\('d. Alld.11.'1 ha~ ('lllltailling (l\rr alHlll1 paillliIH. Hol)('rt I !arris.I .u-. Ill' d('lIlOnstratr-d his ill\'elltioll. TIH' ot!)('rs "'ill app{'ar ill 11('\t \\-('('k's (:ollll. on('rill~ a Iwa(k Itli\tllf/' or Iwroislll. autlu-uticitv' ("nd('r Fr('llch lu. I'lll Illl art ('oll('dor l('an]! IlIon' Iliit 1\(' ft. \('ar\ IJ)()() I'"'gl'd Illasll'rpi('('l'S hurst ill and ill 20 \"('ars.'\('lop('d a ""('II illl<'n'si ill th('s('.l\'(' it \\(.' l'ri"llli LOlL StllI111l1(' IIp()11 til{' \\T('('klg(' of all air('raf't. e Tlli.'s to \\-ill tIl(' Tllllttlpill~ (. III tilt' e \\'('11. BilL as tlll'\ illlll)('('IIIh.11(' di"d ill Il)I~.1 a"olll till' ililporlalll'(' ol'tlll' loot.thun tlm'(' il Ill"s \\('II-I)('lla\('d. lIe \\as thc bth('r of S('\('ll childr('II.'d H So it (.'s \\Illl Sl. :\0\\.liglil alld nJillillg tll('ir {':-{'sight doill. n'\oliitiolli/. S·' Illillillll." \I'ollhhd it Ill'gr('at if .IlI'S \\'llrk 1ll00('d Oll to till' stu(h of lig"t alld ('Iectricit\ alllL ].rxiuuun S('ll(('Il('(' 1.J I n'IIH'lldWI" 111\ \\'<trllling prograttlllH' gralldlllotlHT SLUHlillg for \1()llrs 10 pr('ss Ill'r lill(. illellldillg a kiliglilllllllli ill 1!J()4. "amas and an ('aSt.Module 3C/D • Tapescripts had Ill'(.J call aSSlln' \Oll. \11 ".\lr \'all Dell Bt'rg<'11 sfarkt! s('lIillg pailltings <llldioIlIIOIIS('S ill lllajo!" ill I . Lute-r tllis \rar \\r will . ancl it's good ].. \\'itb (h(' pllhbcati'lll of Ilis Ilm.lljO\ r('adillg \ullrs('lI'.uuunnn:r: t lri-.'.ll'('t IIIl' wiuur-r art' not liur. .d to his (h. 11(' 1('1\ sc!I()()1 at l:~ alld lH'gall \\'ollill~ as all appr{'lltic(' ill a c!H'1l1ist's sll()p lwl()n' Illo\'i!lg to ~{'\\'castle F01lr E<!\\-anliall s('llool.'>7!J. TIll' pidm('s 1101 ollh look like originals. till' jlld~.Ill'lId('d In till' polic(' ill H !llId 110\. S\Y.' \\110 r('ad a g. Ikfillil<'''' am!>o(" Ila\l' I ll'('1 I Oil tilll(. . iSl1'1 il: I n'('koll 11ll' po('kl'l \\atdl \\as tll('gn'al<'st thillg ('\('1' ill\('IIl<'d. till' first clectric IlllllL Th" S\\'au Electric Lalllp COillpall\ \\as !.{'r111<l1l:'. l ]u- atJllospll('r('. . 1'111l'l \(111 Ill'(ln illStilll'ls.ll killed or injurc«! \H' wouldut haH' don« it.1 page 68 1IIl1iiths ago till' \\'liol(' Illl. Bllt shc ""IS to di(' sis \('ars Iatn. ('L OI} his assclJlhl:' ]1\ till' tiun. 11<1\(' till' lo('alp('opl(' takcll all this'. atld tlllt!Wlllici(\'.v. \\110 "llm\s \\I"it il lak..1I1 {lO!iC(' co-operatioll lIlcant 1. ('III.11 II()\\ ('ollid III Holll'rL it's 'ori~ild 'llllllll'alitil'lifh \\.'rtllaIIS told liS 11ll' s('lll'r \\as Iisilig poslal addr('ss('s ill Orl("l\ls.()(l.'\'d 1""'11 l'l'al:J \I'lut a]. \\'1II I \\'ill "r('ak till' SOI"1I1l1 \0\\ first'" Tllis II()\l. Tllis I(. \V(' hilt Ilt'\\' Ellrolw.1'.' jllst posthows wlll'r(' Ill' ('olild ('oll('d l<'ttl'rs or han' II Il'II I I'llwan!<-d.('n.\ ('aslll' ill rur.usiucss l '5 1\(' still got all (11\ \\('ddiug photos Iroiu th« I'l'('('pliou W(' C \\'('11.juries Silllpl:. S :'011 lila:' or Illa\ IIOt kIIO\\'.o()<! I{('ad '-\\\'ilnL dl's('ril)('s tIl{' I)()(J" as a \\'(1I1 ld'arl' \('('ordillg tak(' pllotos tlll'll.lopllll'llt of "prodlldioll proC('SS (II(' lIigl'lll. ar. . lirushr-s. till' firtll of Ilis I'lItlln' !>roth('r-ill-Ia\\'.Illosl 'l..int o ligllt.1 lie().. \\'11:' Ilot folio\\' till' ('\alllpl. I'llolograplli(' platr-s \\'l'n' "Iso lI"Ulld'll'tm('d 11\ th(' COlllP.(.gO\'('nHlr's "lll<'rtaillillg n'. Illl'III!ll'rS of till' pulilir .:'ears in jail. tlll'\ ('l)(I('(ll't a 'l'll.l. thc local people clidnt see lniu \'('I'\' otton.1". hut 4 LISTENING 1.u«l Ill' wont S('I'\(' morr. as a '1llalifi('d e11('lllist.!..J .s d'l\s Ihall I did ill all 111\ Iii.'>:2'>.mn('d ill 1..s is til(' "igg('sl al'l s('alllial ol'its 1\ Ill' I. Oil our prograllllll{' tllis alt('nll)(Jll \\'{' \\r!('olll(' Salll era\'.s s\\rar a hlood \'()\\' of" l'l(.trad I'roll'l tlu.e.('I.ll ag('s 10 c!<-ar Illal om C('rtll'lll d(.'>Hi \\lll'r(' 11('joilll'd \I'hit.rilt('II'.. Ill'\ \\'(.(i\l' \\'as a]. \\·as ocxusionullv spotted ridillg throllgh thc countrvsid.111 till' (. alld ill ISh:'..u.d..s.011 011 Edison.('.. sl'ls Ollt 10 do aud ('assdk h'01l1 a good 1l11ISic SIHlJlll{'ar ~dJlI. pro/('ssioll. .(lliid \\('lIlla\(' 1ll'('11 . Agailisl I LlIJ!.1 r('l'lISal or an IIr~"lIt r(''1n('st lor rI'IIIIII'. startill.1 page 68 Firsl .uuont Iall(]l. . )"\(' n'ad all alllllitgiris St'\\illg I" ('alldh.1 page 58 for f(lrgillg artwork» is olll:' live.~ johs tllat ('all 1)(' d()]l{' ill S(T()IHls \\-itll a llla('llili('. design pro\Td a Illlt~(' Sl1('('('SS. II(.\\ I..11\ tll(' ill'lilin is haSt'd Ill'I'l'.11 Oil llis \\'a:" to ]){'('oltlillg a top \\Titer too.sllan' tlll'ir tln'atll. J Sa(1.".king alloth('r look at till' IIlas!('rpi('('(' Oil 2.uixiou« collcctor. It 2.llillli I'illl is a dlll'l. IiIlC alld 1\1)illg out certinc'ltcs 01' 11(' \\'iIL Illl\\('\('L aha\s Ill' n'III"lllill'r('d as tluuian who im('lll<'d tlll"lirst ('!'ri"i('lIt 11l('llllllll"r tllrllillg (>]ectrical ('I}(T. Ill'. S\\all'S illlpro\('lIll'lltS 10 I<:disoll's liis hicH'le . IIll' (:('rlll'llIS Ila\(' sllgg('st. Ii(' got married to Frallc('s tLIg('ck alld 111l\'('St rail I('d passi'lll.lissail'l'-prill('ipal -'l"lll-( :Lllld(' Holill lias 110 dOII].S1.('d('d ill pat('lltillg a COlllllwl\'ial process for carboll printing. H Alld Illl\\ did \U'I ('011 II .rllalfri('lIdsllip.11 il al( I ll'g'l\ I \\'ith a l'atl'l'lli <l1l(1 sprillgtiltH' lOll!" of <..111 II"Ll's ollk a n'SlT\(' pri('('.'s( Ill'\\S I"l' \011 [roru til(" world 01' IIIIISi('.I" to op('rak willi lIS ill a (.-ds 01' . YOll sct' .tIl(' S('\\"ill~ Illa('lliIH'.'\\' \H'cks ago- hilt Ill' \\'as ol)\iOllSh much too hlls\ workillg oulv a I.. IIlar"'.('d om \\.1l tahl('dotll...glJt (Jl'\\(lll}('11 to lll{'11 tl'11 \011 wllat Illad(' tlll'lll slispiciollS ]..g('sl . \\(. (:()IOglll' <l1l(1 witl.1101(' ". . H Bllt \\llal il'II. It's hartlll('ss'.th(' plac(' has just .('IL E\('II ilion' crll('ial" .till' ('1.\ 1(.'.\lli"itioll lor 111(' pr('ss. . dn photographic plal"s fillds lilT ('allillg as a lillI'S<' ill til(' tn'll('ll('s.('] \\-itll l"I'al pag('-Illrllillg qllalit:' 4.1 page 64 R=Reporter. tll(' m.Ios{VII S\\'all was \ C H C a lot III'"'!' B(lt '" 110\\ did \011 ('Ollll' 10 dis('O\('r '" "Orll ill till' lIorth of Ellglalld ill 1.(' ligllt "Iilh. C=Commissaire-principal JeanClaude Rolin H . '.rl(lissioll.1 lam" \litdl('lL 'liid Ikir I'l\\-lif.

arlllll'lIls. a ll()\'('lisl Si.'spil. [Id" as e.l\iOIII".\i':!/IS are sd finlJ1: Oil SIIC('('SSl'ld can't']' a\ a\\'a\'... illdl'('d.('{ all.r . lxuppo:« l wr-n! slrai"I. \1'1'\ t\\ iCI' Iril'd to The inappropriate word IS in italiCS "rille.sild('. it's a 1.lids of till' \'('IY !lUll \\'I]() \\'as SIlPPOS('<I t() 11\\'11 :) fiC().llld ad{'l/Ilat(' iIISIHTtioll alld sllpen-i\ioll.d S('f\-j('l'S d('parfll)('nh ill 11)7'1. alld llsill tr it art' 11\.e.xturtiui.lf-d"iJr('"atioll is ('IH!('arill."hlisl)('d '110\(.I. l'rJldill' alill "as "'I".st 4.11' \'011\'(' ~ot COIJl<lch ill tl](' \\'Ilit{. I()llgll. (Ill t h.(. It n'portl'd ill IHHi alld II.111t! a llll oftlloll."lar" 1I01"d f()r tlwit" lillgllisti(' 1<11('lI{\ Illil lllings Ila\I' dlall(~i'd e!ritsti('alh.. all: Tl«: l'n:«. TIII'St.-\n' \Olt t!:oiltt!: I() Illake \\Ilat :'(Hl'!"{' tll('111 tIlt.S . Illlllrl)('r of" sp('akers or a particlIlar LI1I~llag{'. 10 ill\"sti"all' III<' can' of "Iildrt'll 'd"pr.'d for till' 1)('Ill'r III<' f<lc. n'sl'..1)('1'caSt' a"aill ill a pailiplill't \ih.'. [ Slq'I'US" 11)(' rt'allrllill 01111<' 1I". L=Listener P Coot! ('\.lllisli 111at 11](' ('n'\\ .1\ ill SIIIT()lllldill.o"d li\ill".s. ill an IllIS(J!icit('<! 111~1I111s('rip{ alld \\'aitillg . COliII' "I' \\illl all . P s(I. \olll"a\(."011 f()r traillillt!: ." (If 111l"lTI'\\S ..alilIStIlIlI'.:. Dellis I"..lIh nulil tI.~ol a 1l<llldS(111H' ('anTI" ill frlliit (Jf .'. ~{'l}(Tati()llS ()llt or datI' SlilL \Olt 0111.[.' all his'((()(ld li\-il1~."I'II1'UI.iin I.'s:'rilll'd III<' "ollililiollS slIlf"n'" I" IlIal(\ c1lile1n'll \\!}{l \\{'J'(' liYille.. 8=BIII Brown \\""'(1)('1' its Frt 'II'" I.an' 111('1"(' 111Ill'(' li\ill~ ill local .2.lclli"~ proll'ssiol.1111I' \\mld firsl "lass' \lId \(III'n' still \\11\ "1'111<'1'1' al. .(llldtlrlahl(' lift.'ssi(111. I~JI·l.Tapescripts • Module 4A 3.cl1 seilt I. or pll"lislll'd I".stalll'.. Bill d.is 0111'. d"parl II" 'Ills. \(1111" tlo\rl ahotll'. lItis (:altlhl"id~(' t!:L.1/\ of till' IIlm!l'lIill" illti.~alIL \\·('(tlllH' uu.' Iligl'-I'()\\I'n'd 1'lIll1'lioll ill a litll.' sll<' lTili"is"d 1.l . 1)(' al'tint!: as "is "falh"r' lIe had l".· his local 'lilthorit\ to li\l' \\ith a Lllilih on a n']ilol" d~pr~'l'ati()ll is ("Ild('aritlg alld flltlll.' S!]{' \\('Ilt Olt III sa\ "l1lll1lSia.l]()(I('l1in~ tnT \\-idlOII! ('\('r d(lill!.. 1'111 ('()Il\illl'('d .(111'1'1' still \\a\ np (hnl' a"II\I' of liS poor lIi(lud\'~ rc-xt I~)-l::). A='Lady Allen' I{ \\" did.u>'I . l. till' "ditor "f 'J'I/(' nlJII'S 1('llt!:t1}{'llillg \\'aitill. III \\'1.[1.ulth as a n'slill 01' a II'lll'r \\rilll'lI 10..1'111 .ltill~ .'-CHI\-(' ~ot a Ilallds(llll(' faillili"s .) Bllt ~1I\l'it(' al[ Ilis e. \lId I 111'. P=Presenter...1\' or \lllir I]('\t IllltrallH'(1.\ 1(.. Il('al"illg il I S So \\. 111"1.. it'\.lisll('.-itlu-r..\\ days altn its Jl""liea(iol. )<'()I".' 1]('('(\ tll f()r{'i~1l Lll}l!..11 and Ilis sclI~ tl](' urUIT .l {.\11 this a"itatioll .""" 1'''0 is 1I11'rl'. \\'<1.' ot!}('r iSSI](' 1'\1'1' d"alt \\itll ill (1)(' 'I"ll"rs' eO""1111 of till' 1}('\\Spapl'r."II' 1("..t\(.111 aln'ad\ pro\(. dl'slillll" Ll1lt!:lIa~(' Irailll'rs \ {'I'. \\(.lItllllar si"lIific. I LSI .ar. alter tl«: tra"I'11\. [II additioll to tl.d. ..11 Olll' slHlrtllald ('rt'\\'S_ Illlt \\(' also II. it."o.gill\(' 11ie.llal'-. Bill [ \\as \\. fnllil lill' ill Iifl. [II III<' pas I "al'. [lis firsl II()\"I \\as SlIijijwd "I' slrai."s an' COlllplJlsllr. 1I11111'1'paid alill I{ Bill Hrtl\\IL \\Ill) 111.·Tlla. \('ars Ill' I"IS 1)('1'11 ill IIIl' jol..1\ al IIII' 1111'"11'"1. R=Peter Rainer.L\rd Ill(' f"rolll a p()ssihll' 1'111111'(' or ild(lr~llati\('. art' .d. hut 110" Ilis si"hts aI''' St't Iirnrl.s .actk \\llat tlll'\ .1 -+ III addilioll 1011"'1.it "'itb Ill\ bail' hllill" out and 111\ Elldisllt('a-strflil/('(i t('('th. carrier ill top 11]()(I('Jlill. ]1<lS "".tl IH)\'('rJ II(}tl."1 n'('l'i\rd \\'as .it \\'as H'r.1\(.'st illto thl' d"ath of 1:3-\"ar-old D." h('.~ aJ'(l111H! tJ]('~l()I)('. l'Y('r ])(T11 (']I.1'111 .~atill~ qlwsti{lIlS S('1I1 ill h.l luunv. it's .. 1('<ll"llill~ fro.alion rrf cilildrt'll's d"l. II(J\\'('\'('L jllsl IJ<l\(' sp('('ific 11('('ds 10 illCn'aS(' 111'(.. t() Il<l\t'. alllll)('rt.v l lu: 11('\\.'.t.11.ll! nur. .lirlillt' 11](' alld 1I11\\'urtll\ (Jr {llll traditiollal ('an' uJ 111all ('\('1" l)('r(IJ't" Illlt 111(' IlllllrlH'I"S an' lll<lllks t() \\'()Il (lll(' da\ ill [ .. 1'1111101 kll(l{'killt~ til(' Itlod('llill~ \\()dd ainTah "ahill III a lahll' ill a n.. TI/(' Tillli'l pll"lislll'd a Il'ill'l' fnllil a cI'I'laill Lalh . BilL \{lll kIHI\\.11. . sill' also crili"is"d tI)(' la"k I>!' n. S.d C<ln'.lrc]]('t"s lla\'(' I)('l'll nut <lIlei ulmut Lul\ ill\'{'sti.11('11 \\'e ('all.1 al 11)(' first all"llipl.'\ \\'I'iT tak. . tlwir 1]('\\ lall~lla~('s tIl(' \('1".. ['111 ('Oll\iltc(.llJill (T('''' arc karllillt.g li\l.ri"lIc.1\ill" slalf \\110 \\1 'IT .1 \\llal 11"...d IIp h\ ('allill/2: jill' it l'{)lllin~.1 \\itl.. tt.1I attrad"d ilion' iiltl'resl IlI'eaml' of Ihl' i'"l"."iilll'(' our last pr()~rallllll(' our P=Presenter. ]I("S llall<!.'all"d t-:C() alld [ 1'1 .' S I) Peter HailHT J"('p()ri.' ."(}IL tlu or lisll'III'IS TIll' firsllillli"liI CIIIIII'S 1'0111 a III<' roll"11 johs..)\1' a "lmlT look at \\llal (1111' of tlll'SI' da\s I'litaiis . lias Iln: C()[lrs(' ol clas. hn'alltille. 111']"(' \. Ilis dealll \\as \\idl'h rt'port"d in till' pr"ss. tl)(' call1paie...""I'trih"laliolls.3 page 69 At 0111\. \VI'".nl1llHl Hour. 1I101ltl" lall-r.tn I il as 111\ S.2 page 69 () \\'1'11.(.so('i. ('llIllpl"ll'k Irallsfonll.~ (Tlltn' is h. stlldio. J't'Lt~I'd alld ('\('1" (1.m n IIIII 1. I SllppOSt' tlu r"al truth oftlu muttr-r is .d dlat \(JII\(' . so it \\()old Iron: ur vuu. S=Sam I '\1 ollh :27. till' ~O\'(TllJl1{'llt ('stahlisllillg a C(lItlltlittc'(' ill 1=lnterviewer. ('I"lHlih' <llId klS ("lwrit'l){. it \\as \('1-: ant'!' \)\ Y(lll111lalY a~('lIci('s \\'llicll .I"t's 1." O\Tr I.111<1 I (fo()d l() IIH'.('IT looking rather di".[1111 IIll' lall'lIl (If III<' III' III(H'LtI\'~ I kl}()\\.1'11 '11'''"l1ll'lislll'd ill till' si.'-.. an' 01'1'1""11'11.\(' ('1.. if it's as "rippille..-\ 'fill' III<' IIIIISI pari 1I\1'1. Oil tlJ(' t:..11 slall \Ii 'n' 1101 pari i.llI kl. l'aS\ 1(1)(' "II\iOIlS of Ilis III"k."IS\\I'I' 10 II.1\: jllSt ada> al((1 jllS( a lasl" i. \011.11. nu-. 1I1'"I<-I'iI'd n'" lolal" oil "Iaril\ 10 SlII'I'0r! 1111'111 alld an: d"sl'is('(ll" IIIIISI' Ilion' forlllliall'lllallll)('IIIS""I'S..I:~C ~1)("lk('rs \\:i1llill ill('t"{'. 136 .s 1)(.l'\\llal ii's li!. H Olll' prill"lpal ol'j.Ii!.' \\('n' illstitllti(lll.ks tl"" "r"at iut ro. Lalh\III'1I 11"."10 IIII' !H'(lli.sh .27..j{' lallgll<lt!:(' stlldellt. It's S()Il}{'tllillg \vC' take \('I\' 3."h IIII' 1:. sl\[. 1«1". LC().111.uu! Ilis St. I(J jllt!:~l(' ()Ilr o('('<lsi()llalh \\'t' \\'.d irn'sistihl.1".lIlag('s tIll' LlIlgll.I'h prolilptl'd that first ktt.d din'l. or ()r ('\TIIL. S TI""lks. llr \\'IHI <jIICll<' 'repn's\i\(' - l)('ill~ l()ok('d \\('1'('. and e.t\(.lIli!}(lrit.I' sillialiolis.lt"r is 11". sl](' ('lld(.. I{ S I (:.'().d died at ("e "'. Sal11\ own ('./"II] can'tT as it llo\rlist.11. '\1.e.'\·.ISill(!. .o'~lIiSt'd \\".\"d olnonual hou« IiI'" wit]: tlu-ir own D .(lIlll' S() popldal' illat \\t' 11. Ilis lirvt 111)\1.d 11(lllrs of\\'('ar: ]"('\H'liti(lIl.' . \ppan'"lh Oil -. tIl(' .~r{'ater tllan !tll' all.Ilillt!: ladil's <lJld~('lltl('lll('11 alld \\'('1l'OIIl(' 10 .lgI' IlIlit.) Btlt ItO\\ llis .~..md.-r ofl"tll'rs tl)(' ]1l'''SI1<'I''']' 1. \llhj('{'[ is pr(lild (11'\\1"" I".' "I' lop IIIIIlI"II.'\"1" l)('i"llts 01'(1)(' .)1' rt'j"dioll.urot lur .."1"1111')' paris alld d\\illlilill" 1"I's. TI)('St.(.-\Ild I j]{'ar vnuvr- ('\'('11 t!:ot C(!II{UW!\ ill tll(' sl1al'l".IJ'~.t! (Ill (l('(l'lirillg a di('('\.1 "as S . a lIaliollal ]1I'\\sl'aI1l'l"" II'anll lnuu hoob wit l: illiprohahl<' I'llraSt's.u«! r"lati\I's..11' \011 'I"it tl)(' \\orld "I' Ilj(Hlt']lill!. IIII' COITI'spolldl'IIl'I' 10 all "lid.\"1' n'spolls.' \\llill' .uul 11"". (1)(' 11(.I' 10 1)(' all air1i..".1 page 70 possihl"..flllh "."il'l'ill" as \"llI' fi"sl. .(.S p1'()fl'\\i(lll. of (I!'ficial "llild "an' iu t his crnn rl rv.. Till' 1I1111i1.11'"sllrt' 10 1)(' iuvitr-r! .0 IlIn"il:~II\ slliall . I alii II()\\ \\itll a I. l'oui): (:( Exam practice p page 70 (. page 69 I".\nd \.\\orb.1"1 kllockill" tln I1I0dl'IIi II" uort] .llI'ep fan II ill till' eillnit"sidl' .:()It'n' (dTt() ~l ('\('11 A '\lall\ \\1". :\01 Illl··Salll tl)(' SIlSP""St' of s""di".d ill 111'1' SllpporL III Lll'!.. l()()kin~ rat]]('! '1'1](' 11'aillill.ldlla{('.r . tI)(' h"st' \\a\ (If l"II((lIille.' p()s. "alia" or Sp.1 to 11)(' lop of tIl(' ..11. .' illlag(' tllat Illie. TI)('ir Irials .k L\ \\('('!. Tllis 11'llI'l d. IllI'ir "llS alill dO\\IIS.~() is 4.'1'111 idl'a "all<'d "['aslt'rda\s.'-~()od to "y a SlI('('('S.s{'hrs III (T('.[ \\11]((1.d "l' slrai~llt awav. . 1'111 ai'J'aid.II~ arollnd .S \ our lir-.l SITioIL.~rasp (Ira lallgllag(' ill 111(' IllOSt Ilatllral \\'a. 111\ Ilair Ltllill" 0111 alld 111\ Ene. Tastl'nla.'l'ii\(' is 10 ll'. S '1'1"".I' ('(111((' III' \\illl .111:'tllillt!: frOltl a 111(wk-IIP or all . tllis (:alllhrid"I' "radllal" has h"I'1I to (1)(.\ lIot ('\adh.l-s(ail]('<! 'I(Tlk Illitl~S \\-('n' L ill IIII' \lidlallds.u«: l{'arllill.S(lIIH'.th (0 1111' IT."is ()':\eill.lIi1. pll"lic l'IIlI"in.II.\ sln'alll of II'iI I'I'S 1«I11I\\(.J \\1. thillgs \\. it s.. l'I'I'ta. ()r. tlJrOllgl1 C'\'('r- Salli..'\'(' .. alill il" all 1'\I'I"da\ slon "I' 1111 "1"lIill.)\(' 11)(' I'I'sl Ilrns \HH)I" '"l1i cilildrt'll..~('~ ..J ( \\'.ildr(.. 11](' f(}rJtlllla is til(' salll('.-clitiou ()j' to tll'(.L('tl(lIt..' f()r SOIIH' crt'\\'S Lilt tl)('...ud C]"('\\'S \\110 <lrt' all\ioll\ to illlpnl\'(' tlwir skills alld \\(' fit 11]('111 ill as aIle! \\.\111'11 01' [lml\\llod.. a.s 1)(. Ill''' l..{' oj \\·llitl'IIIIII'I'.gS tklt 1I'IId Illt'lll.L Ilit '~.di(lll :\irlilll' ('.Iare.illlt!:lIag(' tr<lillill~-.UIt!:(.. \'010111\.snHllll t('('IIIJiqll('S..

:\{'{'ordillg to is ddil. fill..' IIl1d"l'\al'll'dtll<' ('11\ iroll 1I1l'lIt -jllSt 1I<lt appl'('('ial<'d it. Bilt it's a lil"till"''s ill\"{'StllH'llt .opl" will aC'lllir" ill tl".\01l'1I11"l'l1 a l'OIll'S" or at I"ast 1O-1'51.ood af!(Tl)(}(lIL Iadit's alld ~('IJtI(.Iop.1 "'Ill'''iti(lIlS 1I0t t'"II'S' To.it"h SIl<'I'tl'lIillg.to tak" \ Oil S<TiollSh alld I"a\'{' \"(lIl :dOIl".'s still kllO\\ trro littl(' ' aliout tluiu . Sil"'(' jQ72.lprOH' "oil'(' d(.or Ila\. llll'l"l"s II."ci. . \\'it(1 th" A.as pm\'('rflll as jagllal's and ha\'{' tl'dh as 10llg as \011I' littl« fillg"r hilt.c" of ("palldill. sl. . vthicle-x !". 1'1"as" 1". all.'r.'5 page 73 () pS\chologists I thera[)\' tcmpcramellt hlldgct traIHl'lillizcrs musclc <lncient . it \ 1w \llltil ()r til(' Iliggcst alld IlUlSt ('\'('1" arollild tl.. Attack' Thl'\ ."lillg. call start at all:' .llHI \\.{'1' 1lS<' a tape \dl('1l .1I0t S(wid\'s 1'''.0 page 73 1.(.d \lorld.. stalllllH'rillg.").:II.a\ 10 filld out al iout till' lions. 4. g('t~llp-alld-g() perSOIl. d.' patll'rtl.d') As a nsult till' IlIIlIgl'l f()]' hllilding II('W roads quite: silllph 1"'''11 stn-tclu-s. hop" or makillg a li\'illg I'rolll 1)('1' Imsl""I<I's pl1lllder alld wag(.' 1)(.it's a que-stion of ItO actiou . at tIl(' ('OStlllllt'S till' parti('ipallts an' \\'('arillg. slrt'tciJ\ c1()thill.. sa:'. "I' . \1.1 till' prol'('S"'S tllat afl'"d "."tal alld physil'al illtl'l'd"p."ddlll' allow"d.:('p alld look' '\"xt. alld all \(1I1 I]{'cd is loos('.1 page 71 1 111 this eountrv all\thillg Oil lour \I heels is still all uutackkd i.Sllall\ a dO\\'ILsid.\!.11.1\.'woldd 1... AI"1. \lllil'h IIIOSt or liS 1. which filld it too (jllid alld ill\l'.~('rs. to filld SOllll'.. Thl'\' call ]".or lh" prohl...ur.\.0 page 74 (.1\(' 1.I".. al. l'lld"l'sLII"lillg \lllat all('('ts tl. TIH'll :. \011 IIl1lStfilld a l:IaSS.' firth I"ssoll that \oll'III"'gill to 1('('1 !Jefter.al'tcl\\"anls or h\"(l :-()l] \\(.00 dollars 1'('1' 1)('I'S<1I1.I'S ago.uu-t . so-"all. sl.\'.1"(1I11" to till' s(. \va\.!..lll Sl'{' \'('1':'..gdll('r! " tlll'l"l"S. Bor. 1)('''11 shot at I" rall"lll'l's alld hllntl'!'s.0 page 72 \\"!. It orga'lIiz. till' lI1<lSt dil'''l'l ".'I' to liS". s \\'itll ('\ ('r:-thillg.\(' 110\\ .l'".fn'Slltll('llt 111(ln' stag{'d. that alll'icnt disl'iphlle or lIIelltal alld ph\'sical ('".11..alld"r Toclmiqur-.110\\ tl)(' soldi"l's ill tl"..is '(I"alil\ 01 Iii.!\..'.II. iiII' "xalllplc."IS.'. spITtaclllar t'\{'IILs tIl(' Soci(.rol.. it's also a sll'''ss ill its<.l'sl.llat tll<'\ "all 'tl".u-k them. tl'\ \\Titillg to FflrllllulfdJ. part i('1Ilal'h thos" ill tI".iJigll risk of Illirting :'()IlLst'IL Ir:'oll'n' ()\"{'I" 1)(' a 2.d. th. tht' AI"""IlI.1 1I1l'11I1)(. dout rtlll awav.illg .Ia\ S.. till'S<' "n' 1"l'.~.-m.1 til(' 1)('IIl'fits. Yon sl10111d he!lefit ill sl'H'ral dif!{'n'llt wuvs .ir individual pro!>I"IIIS.'al's' tilll".d to till' l'"rli'"I1<'lItal'\ S\St('11I tllat \I'" still II. it \". So. TIIl'\'rc' illStallth a\aila!>l" allli.lifl('I"l'llt IIl1lSil' to e\cl'cise to.~.I"l'Sp('l'lI'.sl' \(.1'11 find that it r"all\ do"s htTP \Oll fit.d til(' SC('III' Illigllf looked psyehologists oft.'s trips to till' Alhloll \Jolliltaills.' ('xtl'a l'!'I"l't IlIa\ IIlak" \011 ll\('1'-tiwd.e. S\'lllplolllS whil'h liel\t' tllis 1II.()lllllWl"cial tOllr {'O)llpalli{'s.~1 .1 A page 72 I"" t rimuux] dowll.lIdil'ial ' YOII know whnt th. or ha\"{' all: 11I('IIIIll'1' 01'I-:I/I'IIIII'III!'!' IIIIl tIIl'\ 1. I.\!. As Ell' as .\Ihioll \I<.!'. \I'itll th" .ll to ruxurr tlu-ir survival ill tIll' E.110 solutions! -) TIH' oulv \va\' to avoic] glohal "'<tnlling is lor till' ridl' \I'Orid to s<'t all ""11111'1.1' Lllllili. till' di\(Tsil\ or its inhuliilaut«.'ssom. insolllilia alld IH'adaclH's. 1'11<'\\(' 1"lt IIlatl'l'ial "O!lSlIllIptioll h('!()n' ('ll\irOlllllt'lllal illh'grit: rllllllillg Ollt I{"laxatioll tap"s l'(lIi1dlt'! 1)(' . tillll'S "al'll \\'('"k allli \OIdlllotil''' all illlpI'O\'('IIIl'lIl ill h()\\ \'011 I(TI. cas\.llidl "0\ "LS /()od alld accollllll()<!alioll.1\(' to disasl<'l' was pl"l'«(i('[('d ill 100 \. \Iadll' th..1 li". il' \(1I1 lik". tllll.g IIIH!I']"sLu}(!illg or tIl(' pl.\hO\(. IIsl'd as Oft"l1 as thl'c" tillll'S a da\' 1..'shl" allllllll<lgl'l 1I".ises to IH' (jIll' \'(lIdl'pro!>ahh I'TI.. "'p."'.1 ""ttl" 01'till' "i\il W"I' j()II~ht 1)('t\u'('l1 ri\'al gnlllps ill t1Jis COlllltl":'. TIIl'I''''s 110 OIIl'-lIjllllamllip ill ('lass"s.rt'is<' is IIsllalh all (." Aerobic (.1' is to 1"l. oh..\II"'l'i"al.g 1IIIIIIail uumlxrs.c{'rtaillh..here I'IIl sL.'d.. all" I(." I )(-\(.('Iillg tellst'. SOllll' of which are aduuttcdlv rather complicated. t1Jis Ill(lrllillg goill"~'to do SOllldllill...'ad \(1I1 thrclligh a series of IllllScl(' reLl\illg alld hreathing C\(Tt'ises. \\"Il.S for \(1I1.2 :2 :3 -l . tIl<' ('II\'irOllllwllt- positi.. YOII'lIprol"ll. so sh.-olll' scssiOllS .1' T"d IIIi.~o '11 0111:' \\"(lId n'{l'lire OIH' toda\. "II".il}(\ JO('lkillt!.utk-ul.~ ahotlt it! Filldill.!"'l'alll'lt.alld it's gl"l'at il'\'oll\" got a !>ad !>a"k or Slilkr fro III pains ill :-(llir sllollldeLs. 'd d"\"lop.. YOldll"al'll how to Eill illto a lIatmal. "I' "to."al'llll('lIt or tl". YOII shollid ailll I..\(". tl..11. TI"'I"l"s 110 dOllht ahollt ill T\\. From \I. YOII.. !(lr tlH' COIlS. a 11('\\ hllddillg sll<lIddl". I me-an to sa:: . Th" ('II\irollll"'lltall'risls t"lls liS that 1IIIIIIall sOl'id i"s. or till]('! TIl<' tilll<'Sca]t' lel!' actioll Y{'ars (.~ a !{'{'lillg or \\"('II-hcill.pros.s 1"l'-('lIal'lllll'lIt oltlll' l'i\il '''II' ""ttl(' prull.at till' l'rO\\'(] Oil 111\ I"ft al"l' a])(lIlt :20 d.ese se('llIillgl\' complicau-d postm"s .. To"a\'. jllst a tal''' I"l'l'ord. an' l'{J11Jillg 01lto 'til(' fi('ld at tllis 111{)1l1('llL if\"oJl ('.unu-r» clont displa\ IIIIIl'1 I IIl1d"rstalldillg or tl". But dout hl' put otfl» tl.ltld First or all 'Il'ro!>il' ('wl'l'is<': its rolt' ill stl'''SS 1"l..{'st thaI.t... so clloos<' SOlil<'t iJillg YOll'll {'lljO:'! !>a"k or joilll prohl.g 11Ilt a ('(1I1111l{'r('lal t{lIll" :-011 .')Oi.I. And last hilt 1I0't least.'rs. so it's Ilot all illllllt'diat(' \\'a:" or lllllocking t{'II.'\ aI''' hasicalh. For \"aI'S. amllllli tl)(' "1"l'lIa. and E(/rlll1c(/f('!/ is illl\'tilill."dl'IIC" aI'''.\t'l"{'is{' carries a rairl:. \ Oil shoilid Ill'\." prc's(']'iI)(' thes<' I"l' \'('IY allxiollS patit'lIts.. lIot at all (:xp('min. lloll-aggn 'ssi\'{' croutu n 'S~ !'a"" 2.c\'('n caS\ sittillg and killg postures uri.. the \1. lil'."t halalll'(' I"l' "lIlotiollal or IIll'lItal pl'''SSIll'''S. Clinical Th" trollhl" \I'ith 1'"la. pill III' ollh il' it l'ollid slu)\v its illlpad Oil thou~ht \I.H~{'. 2.1I1 \U']"{' guiIH"~ to \var.s.~.' "\.klll '.. Yo~a.\ .si{' atH!ltlll('ll post 111'''. ".rei s" . . hv cllttillg l'lSsil I'lIl.but has 110 idl'as II<'" to.1' Ilis \Iii" t" IlIak" a li.ll' at I"ast 15 Illiolllt's or at'ro!>il' ('WI'l'i".1\: il vou l'(lI11" to El('e with a '(ortl] .olllpall\.]i\rry . alld look I)('tk!'. 11I('IIII)('l's "I'tl)(' S. so it's oft':1l Ill'ttl'!' to. Iuturr.ast \'{'ar \\'{' \\'('n' .a logical step j(JI' tlll\-Ol}(' tin'd or fallliliar itill('rarll's alHI packag(' deals stnlllg to~t'flj('r In (..iIJg.actors and sill.iOIl'llIllItl)('I'S 1. a gl"l'at ' challge to slIg. filld a'l'lalifi"d imtnll'lo!'. il' \'{1lI .ttl('tl .'"llll'ttl'!'. 11<1\. YOIl ""'\' filld it difficilit to fit Yoga illto \011I' daih lil'. I{eh\atioll tap"s I.inunr-nsr-]v 1)(.'\tl"l'lIll'l\' easy to set "I' .ut.. all ill 17tll ('('lItlll'\' COStllllH'S.la\' str"ss. .'Oll'n' !{. tl"'\'\.1 uxr: hv.rcis(' is l'olll'el'llcd.uul l]{'IYOl1S. Oll('-lt.'dolll eal.. I wouk] sa\ r"dllcillg it I" at I"ast .. \ll' TIll'\'I''' also highh p('I's('('IIll'd. Alld.'n' So. r:(/rIII1UII(-!1 lias IH'('1l ol"galli/.' there 1lI00l' dO\\'II to th" otlll'r ('lid "I' tl)(' or ti.. ]". So what's happ"l". It's ('as\. 1so.dl tll<. or iusouuria. whiell is a s:'st('1lI of n'-edll('atill. as hooks alld \idcos are ollh lISel'lll as a hack-III" lI' you're an (>L ('1'..atioll tap"s is that it C<lll 1)(' dillicilit to ~d \011I' falllih. Hlli llla\ '1'1"...'d olf 1"l'('('lltl" hilt l'S stall' galll" ag. inuuutaiu lion. illll'I"l'St. ' l:IlI"l'tllllall'h'.u-rohic.. th" pros aI''' l'aS\ to id"lItil\-: it's .d ililo tl)(' sllarp ('lid 01'''''0{(ll)rislIl .'ds ('al'"l'liI plallllill..'(' rall]('r t11~1I1 I]('gati\"(.('II{\' ago ('ll\irOIIIlH'lltal B \Ild llO\\'.iH' :UII the challcc to lIt'aJ with :'ollr p. tI 1('1 1I tll<'re."]taills an' plalllll'd I'or tIlis \( 'al' at a ('ost or allllilt ~ I . {(ll' supportillg scirut ilic t'\!wditiolls alld projects inst. \(lIl'lIlill"" "llil"J'('II's SL~lIs." eall Ill' traIlSLtt(.~ a tlll'l'ap\ tllat sllits \(1I11' t"".. or l'OIlI'S".s.(. 'I'll(' luttl{' took pla('(' ill tltis \'('1":' area :r")() ~d'ars a.:.. to kl\'(' illltl.. slll'h as I'Tliug \\'." 1I0til'(' l'"tl)('I''' lot Ol'WO"I<'1I ill the lille-llp l'OllrS(\ ill tIHl.li.('i.(Jr('()llrs('. is to joill rnu: ol'tlll' 111<111\ "'p"ditio!lS orgalliz"d I" Fnrtlncatrh. il'\("1 dOll't 1. sp""I. (Ilialil) 01' Iii" Oil ('art "'..'"p.lIl dOlt'! IIl'"d am sp. lISt' it to il. it \I (lIdd ]ll' \('1' dilfil'lIlt 1. Y(lIl """ o"t"ill fllrth('r illl{)J'ttlati(Jll 11\ 2.') IWllefil'ial Y loose 10 st I'ctel1\ like .\I""llId('1' T"dllli'l"" th" illitial (lIltla\ is high .. 137 .'('ial sort 01' kit.u«! \0. astllllla..! \\'itll )'oga..'asi. tltn.'\ dont wan: to 1I11l1"rstalld It wouklut tab. n. ('asih. d"al with til<' siuuuiou. it S<'('1I1S tI." j.. 1I0\\'e\cl' allxiolls they al"l:..fri\illg' ' . of Jllo\·ill.1 Y.1' tht' first wt'ek. ir. It's {'\tn'1I1el:' IIseflll W!JCII 1I1l:lItal :lIlll pll\sical S\lIIptOills al"l' dos<'1\' l'OIlIIl'd"d.'ditiolls to tl". ('1"111.ip I'"t"s 1(. If \'{1I1 'I"l ... nature.sd il'l..1L II'\(111 I"l'alh Il""d to slo\l dO\l'Il.'n' d(lIl'l ha\(' to do it \\'('11 to 1'".t.not ('llOllt!. I.'siglllTS uud pl.~ :"()l1r hn'atllillg and S('SSiOllS a yt'ar."Ii(l!l.. patit'llts fine! that the ('wr"iscs rt'duce l'\'l'I'V.'d ill\'('sti~atc thest' Strcss!>lIstl'rs a little 11101'(' thorollghh . Fi\(. stl'''SS l"l'Ii"l'slllllild 1)(' a tl'('at.-' Tlu gO\'e]']]llwllt's adlllittl'd it cant build ('Ilollgh roads to a""olllllloe!at" all tl"...I"as<' lIallll''''s tl'al'l"illiz"l's illto \'Ollr SVStl'1l1 cn'atill..ml-Iooking..S(' da:'s \\'0111('11 didn't fight hilt if a 1I1.uio-.1\(' all\-\\a.ioill till's(' ('\!H'diti(lIIS :-01111. . :'011 wit]: tlH' ann of 'ililpro"ill. :SOlllt'fiJill~ Illon' gt'llt'lt.u«! a political hot potato! Too hot to handl. \ 1-:1/1'11111'1/11-1.Module 48 • Tapescripts is based on lnodng or statiC' postures and 3.. altll<lIlgh tl.\' lIas fllllfair. First: tlu.i\('11 20 \rars togd (JIll" ad "o.so \\'('\" prodll""d a list of pros and "OII.

AIt.gllarall{{'{' tktt .\\'ltiel.'ssors of l'd'lt'atioll aL actllalk I "all't rt'IIII'IIt1". Bllt llatlln' has ilIon' tllaIl Oll(' script~ ~\ot ('\rn SIH'ci('s lIas two S{'\TS.. \\'hic-h ..d ill S1I1l1l.lx-tt.'\ad.i"l.' as tllt.. dinuusiuux.ds wllo'll . alld 1'""1.ankr D Bill sllrt'h '\1 JILSt a SI'I'OIl'!." lell' l. as sllt'IL Total cllarital>l.t rt'ptil('s.') S alld fill' 1111'11.!.! all (:(.:2 fi."1I01l. " IlIatll<'IIlati"al al. alloth'('r hizarr(' cas(' I.g I)('{W('('II tilt' good C. Tilt.hal'lnl S coac]Jill. of "\I)('ri"llc.\ I"it iL alltl attrad til(' larg" cro".\'ith the t('a(~l}('rs an' \t'llsitil.b'II.1 at tl. (.'ll urc.e\-'re generalh.rt. wherc it's \\'anll alld toast. what are \\'(' .t' St'\('S~ (. Till '1'" arc oulv a 1(.lH'SS \\·hat \'(llI'n' s... Bms oft.r tit at OlJ('. I n'IIIl'IIII".'tI ne\t.t! to g('llt!('r hias alld n-l"raill fnllll sexist LUlglla.-mind.cd lor tlH'ir /t)(Hl..~rad(' cool('r.lt"lIrs Itl ur: .!. '"l1pldi"d 1:2 ~('I}(.'s tltat "'"11" al>ollt'~ S Er". talk to Salh J)a\i"s at tIlt. IISl'.S thillk tl.l' tl It'SI. tllat ill somo varie-tie-s i"lIlal"s r"glliark jilt tluir dom"sti.or tilt' 138 .tI"S.!. \011 I"r takillg liS tilrollgil SOIII(' ortll(' str.riglltl\ doill~ \'0111' IHllIH'\\'ork Ila"('ld 3.ol'j"d of tilt. pcr/e)J"]ll(lIl('(' h('c~lIlse it ('lilllillat('S Ll\'OIIritislll alld IlIal" disapprmal of f"II1<d.rillg appar.l\'illt!.as :20 alld 01lt ()f tllat scon' til{' ~l\era\.-rt to its loruur 1""" sl'\l 1 :\1 \\'1. I tlriul."d it's h"I'OIlIl' its riv. whic-h \\'OJll(.'. t] u.llllillt" 111<111' appears. \1 -Iolt \'''S.jIlIOIT l'oael.'s largl'sl alld lliost ('\pt'rit'II('('d n'-('llal'tlll('llt s()('i(·t.'s. t lu.lilah. For S<lIlIC \aridi. I tl. \1 .'s hidd.\'O'" "all filld I. Socit'l\'s a"l<\ iti.-1l1 H Ilalllli"ap please lei (11('111 klll)\\' .l!.\. hi/.e /tll' \\'OllH'll \\'as }. .. Salk.7rri.'-I ~lIot \\'as \(".' dilfl'ITII''('s I". I(H'ati(lIls.. Socic-tv wax prolllotillg 1"ll>lil' illl<." tht' s('-'\cs'. .j to COli fill(' ~jr]s to COlllpositiollS alit! po('tr.'s slll)\\ tl.1l ove-r n'qllin.\..Tapescripts • Module 4C fi"ld "h"r" tll('r" is Ill. sillgle-scx classes ill Illatlls alld SCi('IIC(' ('all also ho()st It'lIlalt. III 11IIr le'sts -II "f\\'"I1I'11 alld fi-l'/c 01'1I1t'1I scor"d COITI'l'lh.!.g-legg"d creatures abollll(L T]. \\ l.: tilt. Otll('r profits . to hllntin.Ls. tllillkillg ill tlln'(' diltll'llsi(lIlS. {'\cel at ]'('ll](. M=Martin \1 [111I1I. ar. .lllg(']" plH'IHlllH'lla...11.larger thall tit" Illal"s.!.~ (lilt'sclf \\'hile pllrSllill~ pre.\.al" 1'"lllli tllat girls do hl'lt. if <1111' i. palcr Ii'llI. r'!J('\ prod Ill'" "ggs tltat Itatclt \\itlt<l"t CI'(. YcL lll'callS<' tit."th 11I1COIII\{'dcd itc'ltlS...r Il('ard 01' it th" S"al.md act like 1"11""I'S. TI.mcl 11('1Il.ilil\. UIt.illk tr-aclll'rs 1I1<l\ pia.. 'C(lI]( larv sc-hool.11.0 page 80 4.iptailli/. tlll'\ 'n'prol..'.\lId 1.'d I'rolll tilt. eggs and raisin~ til(' chicks.'!'o\\ds.'()llr n'qllirclllt'llls. arrut thos" till' lisll thnt "<lIIIl' ill tllrt.:rtilizcd. III<' allS\\.~ oriC'lltatill~ :lJ)()() r-ul huxiaxti« 1I1t'lId.'.' ill aid of tilt' fllt"n.Lich it \\as illcllhatr-d' 1)\.Il11){']"in\.\11 of tlll'III an' t( '1II.. \[..g ('IIIOtiOIlS cOllld 1ll' illlt'rprl'l('(1 to IIl1'all that Illal.''OlIr O\\'ll tests hilt :\1 S is till' \\I.gs d('\rlo{J ill llCSts I()catc. ixuI a Sill.rt'si in."tld I".!.' 111Ii\'t']"sit\. (:t'lltral Zoo to [illtl Ollt IIIOrt' ahollt tilt. if \011 !lTltlla( \Ollr ('\('11101' cll:lrilY 1I1Idl'rscoJ"('s .'d I I. gin' ris(' to Ld's c()lIsidlT Ii)r a 1l1()1ll<'llt fi\r ('Ss('lltial ahiliti.' exciting 2.. <1111' of till' ilion' hizarn' caSl's illpoi"t is til(' tl1rtle. Call I lilli.s I'JrIll<'d of appar.j S=Sally. '\1 S<I I'ggs lJ('stl"d ill slta. or 'I. frllithil alld 1lIlIltipk.0 page 79 I s. I" a disti"""isllt'd soldicr alld milit. mall" :\')\\'.ui girLs.'r!i'l'l SC'-JI'(' Illl' 'I'lI'Stioll tml ". it call j1lst as 'Illickh nv." to I".rs I alld :j \\'('IT til{' Salll{'.'s -\Ill{'ri~'all SOrt.l\" 1>"IIt.g tlll'lIl I."th1111C0I1I}('decl itC'111S. 1:2. lih(' til(' lIS(' 'Illall' to 1]}('.. ..".rule the roost Oll e\eIY sltore.'!\.\. tillIS" slrallg" cn-aturc«. or I Ll\'illl!.~ . \\llI'lI it do.' a'ltl art' capal1l(' (ipllttill. a SOlIlI'\\'ltat IlIlILSllal proc('ss. Illarsh and ri'ce field \\'ltere these 100.h-alllag.uv hist ori. :\ ft'nwle a(h-alltage ill readill.c(lIl/tlnll to hll111.'.illkillg ill tim. tI"gn'." III0ti\'('s all(llll<'allillgs.'s shollid I".g lllight h(\IH'fit 'rrOll1 til(' al>ili!\ 01' III(' So"i"l\ to .\\ I dOld kllm\ hm\ th"sc r"sllits Illigllt ('Olllpare \\'itll .l!..clllc to anci.cgill sp('abllg rarli«:: th.wi"t\ its"IL altlltlllgil participalits art' 1I0t paid.ariti.-r at thillkillg ill thre-e. (i 1"IIIII.. \\'jtb Stlltterillg afl. to do about tht'lll~'.".!.11. illcllhatillg tln- uuuroc-nv n-x.\('..' C<l1llrilHltiollS an' Ij()\\' appr(). (lll a wide rall. . I tltillk \'(11l \WIT goillg to t"lIllS a]. :\Itllollgll participallts art' all alll.I!. perl laps reflcctillg (.i"\"IIIl'llt.aq.tt"r vir-«: of th.'l'ls Iour time-x as munv girls as hovs.'s alld s<'arclt lor othe-r availabh. Or a IIlalc a.ll: pn'sslln' Oil \\"011\('11 who !t)]"a. civi] w. Y"s..\adk .u ill this c-ouut rv.e.!.irls catch lip with hms whe-n tll<'\ .u: its"lL Illd""d t lu..lorut iou of random itellls. lllalcs are 11 J)a\itl Exam practice M=Mary.'s 1I0thillg 1I10rt' lIatllraJ tk.llti.' acl.ami voull also gt'l a much I".at tlll'\ It'lld to Ll\'"lr !H)"S tit" t"IIII)('ratllrl' at \\.di II I<'IlS iOIlS .I'II-hllltl.Ito illitahit tlJ(' 1"".go to\\ards til(' S.m' s'addled ..r I'\acth ".!. \\Olllt'll h"at thc IllCIl again witll ·-l. is tllat till' SIIC('('SS or SlIt'II simpl.'j 1"lllal('s.'j ('Iiulillatill\.alld I \.il. )"" ollk 1I<l\" to ask ' page 80 lit"rall\ iliad" ill tIll' skill.1 page 78 :\1 \\'..oiI IL!.-Iohsoilltck ' Bllt il. D So il'ldlat \Oll'n' illlpkillg is trul' . Il()\\'('\'('r. ].' ill lIlath c.-nt ovolutionurv pn'ssl1rcs reL·ltill.S or SOII}(' of tl}(' cn'atlln's I:) \Ina "."1l1S pe]" \\urd as against :2.. :\Illollg 1I10.\\.".'S.lI<.urot lu-r '~(.1\\ do. I(olllal" jaealla birds llSlIalh.LSS('S 01'spac" .'s 1I<1 SIlCIt tltillg as a hattl. isnt it~ S A]..inl.lII. So.1I1 all of l1S.or that thc\ IICC.lcllillg two Illillioll 5.\ patt"l'Il.2 page 78 dutie-s orJmildillg t]u. .ira\\ larg" .1 page 78 \lell ('." an'as. th.llI'rt.) \('rld skills. a largl'r rol.ne-xt.1I1C':]'" tilt. tll('lIl). S.(. \lId {'\rll refrain hoost . all ...'r ". 'I'll<' p. Il<'itll<'r tll<'ir 1lt'1I<l\iom 11m tll{'ir ori~ill IH'('('ssarih. puhlic sllpl"ll't lor rt'S('arell into.irls de\"lop a JarglT \ ocahul. Irs d<'t('nllillcd IlOt 11\ chrolllOSOIll('S hilt \)\ S"WS. I . harr"d frolll pS\'l'lliatr\' . \lell possess all ahilit\ to 'read other pcopl(."tl'r s.!.{ "1IIIlOt lllisl<..!. .uv. Scal"d Kllot Battl" 1{"-"lIat'lIIl"lIt S()('i.k pIaCI'S \\'ill \i"ld a S crop 01'1IIal"s' E. 1111' Tit" jaealla. e\(. callillg Oil tlwlll Ilion' Oneil ~lIld 1.~(' of ('H'lltS..lit.wit'l\ is I':mop'. [ust ill caS(' vouv« ll"\.l' c]"o\\'ds lll<'~lll t110lT IIIOIH'. For 'I'"'stioll tim'.()Illtioll<.eillg I.1.'s 11.I Il'II n'IIH'111IH'riIH. :\ portioll of all \("'s is allocale'd to til(' So"it'l\Os (:llarit\ FIIIII\.t's rigltt .11." 't tltc.\t"llsi\'(' rt's"ar~'11 into tilt' ci\i1 w.ane }H'lla\-iollr III \\. alld IlIall\ dil'\('n'lIt "I.'s: a\\'areIH'SS (ll' ('llll)ti()IlS.'d out ."0111" ('\('Ilt is a Sl]{'{'{'SS." ].uuliilioux ".i" mavl«. I9h()s. /t)r {'\altlpl('.1 page 76 Eg. If .~ T].1 S.ariti"s Oil all allllllal I>asis.twc. D=David :\1 \\'. Exam practice page 76 TOILI\' "" liud oursckcs rivht ill tilt' heart of thc COlllltl'\ I"r a PCr!i>rtll.'s.' . 2... cOlllpl.r til<' III<'IL :\.l\" a \\('altl.l'd ') hias . 'I'Ll': "Iailll 10 n'-"lIad III(' past Oil 1)('I""fol'tl)(' flltlln'.\.tIL S \\'." IlIal"s alld 1"IIta!"s ill IlIlItllal pmsllit 01' til<' mg" to ]".alltl it !ltLsllil. hllt can't rt'call \vllicil.'d IIlat. TIIOSC \dlO~() s('arcllill~ It)r It)()(lltlllst f('('all eol<lmcd mali'S.: "d II cat i'-l1l al r"forms (111) lllH!('rs('ort's tlH' hasic social issl](': gi\'('11 that tlll'n' 1I1<l\' Ill' r"al illllal.ard. ~('lllliJl(' Illal('s ill a Sdlool and.hnl fro1ll lizards tltat COlli" ill two Sl'. Sllldi.~I(' prCl!<'ssi()11al participallt atll()IH. tab' tIll' gl'lllh'l' <Ifa tmtl" hatcltlillg. S Y()11 Ilan' \)('('11 \Oll'. . ill Wh. is distril>lIt"d to dif'I''!'''1II "I. IlIal"s that look .lldcd ill lIlt.(. di"s. \'('s..'illg 11)(' pasl ali\.'..m who Ilad ".illg.' <Iftltc s"ws.ak 1IIal" call Ch~1I1g{' its pall' colour ill all att('llIpt to prd.liixtorv of II". .prdelldillg to 1". '\1 That's tit" one. 'llsit i/.o \I\ra alld J). cicltlids.<llIt all 1IIIllSllal hi.soilltl'k rigltt l AlIti Iinullv. pairs of tlte sillglc-lllillded crcat"res \\'ill take tmILS plad'lIlh.'r to '[III'stioll OIl<': IIlIlIiI".'s of till'S<' Itzards tlten. tll('\ 11. \\'Olllell are lx-tn-r at l'l'IIIt'llJi".l\id Sadkn.\. \()\\'.'rs at its disposa\.sl.Sl'S allli til<' So"i<'l\ \\illlw II<'PI" t" alle'lld \0111' sp""ial "\('111.' tllall !latlln' ill dil'/t']"('lltiatill.ahiLsl I \\"lIt alollg t.. ""1\ Iw fi\(.s.

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' lic>.lltS re.d dislrict III Brookhll.at III' 1"IIIIlII.lar oll(.s llsin~ til(' call](']". \\'hl'n' 1"I"ls "I' car ()I\(H'rsliip are 1"'lY high. al. had.\11~'ri'ca I'rolll all "'"r till' \\orld..lIIimllllll'lltal alltlillriti('s ill Calif<Jrllia. th.1I dlT"f. 11ISiC>. cill'. l'I:!Jali 1':lIlirolllll"1I1.JI a dirll \\il"llIIv..lll Il(Hlr or so H'stillg 'liid n'lasillC>. p"liee t" targl'l \\llat il miLs till' 'c>. .1 fro III all'"..uicl paillt till' Imrld '1IIi'" dirt"rl'lIth.".all tllo.. that is t" a I.rc>. 'IT' 'asr' ill lraHie li"lat i"IIS..1(''' Ilappi. tlw S lll(lSt (JIlt ol"Z('llilll To\\!'rs tlWtlH' Y.\!rt'('d (() Jla\l' calar.ralllS.l\rl tf) Brookkll.allahll' to pl'rsolls "p to II". Salk Ilog. passill.-t... /\s ill all hi\! tIH-'llw'parks_ \\'ailitl. call \'Oll~ Y'"I'd get too lie-pressed' I al\\<l\s t rv to ~ee tl«.prid.111I approprlait' to "ach c>. lllio I. .l)('c<llls(' hridlt li\!llt \i('\\'('<! tJlnlll~11 a caLlrat'! l('llds 10 P=Presellter.IIIIO pCT \rar.ur 1..it "II till' hic>. whir]: lI'ililast th. I Jcoparllll"lil "f Trallsjl<lI"1 \\('1'" illlit.illgs.allis allract "'.'r \\'itll IIlaellllll'S tll<UI \\itll otlur people I '\1"lllIlIl. "allts pllliel' til ('\I~()S(' tIl(' dirlit'st drh-('I"s \\-jtb IH'\\. ('. allo\\illg higli\\'.'s.'d 11m'" ". lor inst.UH! illdlH!C nT('t!t illlllli.sid('!" .' tilill'. gilts of ohscnatio!l and c!l\-inlllltH..S. h('('(llllillU: progrcssi\(":' dark('r. Faillilil's with childrell ac>.lo!Jal"lIIirollll"'lltal Th('\" ill('orporalt' .~ ill o\rl" :10 dif!c'!"(. Hut lOll IlI'Tt all sorts..'i e. it's 1I0t ..L:.~ a --t-. 'Uili.-. age' 01 sis.skd sp('('d ('allll'r"s ad as a n'al dt't('IT('IIL \\itll SOIlj(' sib's n'portill. SlICII as Ea»! IU.pr().a"I" tklt a Illaj()rih an' SLlIldill.. SOliI(' Iwopl.L!.."d snlllT"d lroiu.lid"l "'aSIlIISI.'dil" dl'l"lT"lli \\'ltll"lil tl". .('d an'its. '1111 po(Jr ('~d'si\!ltf Illa].aek illllil 11<". For tllos(' OJ"\'()\l lookillg l(lr ~(Jllj('IIJillg to CIIiTiclIl. first ill a S('ri(. If jill' «x.'lllillk 1'111 Iliad lollal" Sl.'d lour hrowu-tintrc] slllH..'Tltal sr-uxitivit.1t 1"Il.'d a('('id('.' round all d'.lli('alil r('dll(..\1 p.ildn'lI a I"ar.Sp'Td ('allllTas Ii<".illalh I"ss 1""Tifi" ti.Ii\"(' ill.:rs.o. nlux ill lutr-r Iii" hut "Ilk III a minnrit. r"iHlrts 1111 \\111 till' . Ir.!. ac>. I. 'It's "lsII illlll<lrLlIlt til n'lasl sllIIl tl)(' c1.1I1I1I .sllhjeds Oil tIll' (.lll pr(). 4 Theme park page 98 It ('lallllS II".s" cllildn'll an' of 1IIIIImill oriaill .\\ and wliiu..ill Fral]('{'.".II t l u: dirt'T"IIl'" hd\\'("'11 pall' \l'II. Ilatillllal t"tal "f car""11 1l1011()\iclc ("(Jllt('llt. call SIT llu: "Ilil('s !l('('(lIllillg morr.u«l i)(lat trips. Hal"lal r"ports: R '1'111' Brookllll C". III addition til Sdllllllproc>.LS call record lic('ll(T ]llllltlwrs. vou look at till' \\mld tlmlllc>..' (:hd.gro1lp lias spellt hUJ :rars \\"()rkillg 01] tlds pr()j(Tt.C'lll}(J!Cl(T\ 6 PAPER 4 TASK BANK Brooklyn Center schools' programs page 96 P=Presellter..'r 1><11 (:allll' prograllis occlIr at alld illl'llldt' a '1'1(('.... lllatlH'1I1atics..1I1 ]"('acll tIll' car parks ill ('ll!()rt_'ill.-s raC('s.s d""II.u:arl (dl('rs ..oolprog.\ll<l1lsl fllllws frOlll 11(' fill<llh. a ti"kd lill' ti)(' Id!o\\illg dal.lfoll \-011 .ildr"ll do\\-n ('IIOII!2.11 SI1])(Tlisl'd illdllor 1']lildrl'll Os 1'1<11 <In'a.rknt lor art.~art('t1 tlln1w.. S=Sally Hoggart I' TIIl'II)(' p"rks .'sl('nL" IIIl'lld"." Ill' 11l'11. \\lli('11 lias d"I"I"p('d 11\ sei"lltisls at Iklll"r l'lli"TSill l"lIl id"lilil\ "rt..1 ill 1\):2:2 \1(11)('1 \\rol.e.~n'{'ll ('tLltl('l"iLS c()1l1d pro\(' just as SII{'{'('s.' <:11. R=Robill Smith.lIlIlIp""pl.i]. Ollr ollsprillg aclml'd it alld \OllCOldd saf.: d{.ls III 1'('1 III'. llll" . lunu. is a I.ll' tlll'\llt"IIl"I. III al"t"'r til a l'ri"I.' .(} IlllIg dis('as('. lik.l.lll\aS('S ill t!('spair alld-..m "pa'jl)('.'r ill'lr of 11". trolll"I'TI sel. 1)(' 1".. of cas('s -do tIIl'S(\ lH'C()III(\ lar.r tl"." 1]( '\'('1" 1)('('11 ill 111\ ll. II'lIl'kS""pS aile! sClllillars.lll. II'.a.".t'! .(' cliildn'll rall~(' pn'killd('r..' IOllrs thl'n' fill' all hom m so \\I. ('"I lilt i"ll C<lltlt'rilS ('oldd pnl\'id(' aIL all ('qllall: "rt. \/1It' rin{ pl"ograllll1w tlds ('\'('llilllr \\'(.. ill a 5 PAPER 5 TASK BANK There are no tapescripts for Unit 5 crack tlt)\\"11 Oil poll1lti01\ ill cit. illfllsr'd lIilll local 'lI"Ic>.Ii.~Ll1I1S. part"icipatill\. up thillgs.'illg pll'as.uupl«.l.:ll ill. Take 111\ joh. so it cant 1".uu] lunulv alldi"IICCS 11111I11)('r ove-r h.lIl](']". art.mc«.) a I)('ad..I uu.il.-\lltlllllllJ.lllissions..i\(.daSS('s. lat<' \"011 pailltillgs ol llis . 140 .llide to tu thn'!' lllilll!t('S for {'\istill~ \-id{'o ({'c1l1l(llo~:-.' "1111'" 111rf1l1c>..'s I (('fon' (1)(' 'II)('I)('S \(Jll C. al"c!Jit('ctllJ'('. or tilt' IH:['I':.' sired". 2 High-tech spy P page 97 "1')(H't l'''llIplailll'd at till' tilil" II.'atllr" "ftlll' pailitillC>.. 1'"1 LUI hll.ill Slllitl.rtl:. 'arh.Hkallta. a sp"k..'all' tl)(' park."cars old g{)t~ i\r \\'()rk('{! iJanl- I kl}()\\ and S(~( '11('('.' it.ross p"lIllkrs'.rowII- ~'"111" s<" IIlor(' tllall half tl". "Oil""!' ..'d t" "all ("aI's l'nllll ()lIr citi('s.rists \\ IIlI an' adllalh r('sp"lIsihl(' I. Thc stafllwlic\" that l-oth "'acllt'rs alld stlld. ~('tt'ill!2. I nu-au.'"d('rs ill I"ss til<lIl a third "I a s('('()Jl(L C{Jlllpan'd P=Presellter. Eal'h S('(lS()ll of ('\rllts liaS a tlu-nr.'sacth 111\ idea of Ill'a\"11..llt tllrf'llc>.t's Il[(' S('l' ('\('r:'t1llll.'.') ('.\'('lIow -a'ld tltt' hh]('s s(''"<'raJ dis.' it.1(Jr(' Iii.1. "'""pl.uid« vlou..! ill \\-alkillg tours.\/'ollud .s or roadside' cl]('c].'''' I.1 dilIiell1ll' H 'I'll(' lllf!torillg . .s of II".~ I() ("()Il\'illlT Itlys('lf that I a t.\(lllr !llnl is I): Ell" til(' 111()S{ tilll('~C()llSII1tlill~ at'!i\'il~..11t call 'al "'lSl'. "<'Xt 1Ill1l1th. \011 cant take it sc-riouslv.'d to he-ar that artists witl: poor col"m vision do sr'. to carc ahollt tilt' ctl\inlllllH'llt h: R parti('ipatiJl. peopl.ulult .1 firsl rat" 'lI. 1111 a 1a\\1!: tllis will h"ild "I' sital SLllllilia 1m tl".il.'s iSld "Ielhodl's "III' of "'a..'~rallls....IlS(' (:l](lll. as IIIl' 1".. SII.t.and vnu JI<l\r to p. p"h('(' 'lIld (.s olCl.'s Ilsr.ill till' l'oillpalllofotl..tryill.l! 1'11<' to \\'isll I())' :l11:"lllill. a 'dirls' jo"l Bill lilli.' altl'r-sr-lic'lll local s('])(){)\s alld parks.ad ('atarads.'sp('rs"ll I.Tapescripts • Task bank 6A :3 \\'. 1)(' al\\'<l\'s <l\(Ji<!{'d p<lilltin~ ill dirt.lIdcrs I"r pros('cntion." 'I'll(' latl'st Ilic>.' olltsid('1 TIIlTl' is. call II~ To \)(' lrourxt . l--l .il'.1 drawll I'r01l1 scit'!l(. to Iwar alHHlt IIIl' Bn:. ('.'all 1)(' 1)('''"'11 III 111('1 ('.dlie]) lIS('S illfra-n'd It. "eler 1""'11 \\llat lOll IlIic>. Bllt \'Oll dO-Id kl\-(' t() t!('cid(' \\'IJ('tlH'r :(..mes t luur wit h word.r h... fic>... Oil a I.11 is III.~ot If) 1H'~rat({IJ1I()r \\'llll! "(111\(' vlor« th.khll (:"lller I.IISI das.uut a \'('1':-' viole-nt hllle to sr'.ls ill lIr"all ''''l'id(. 11'1 Il'I I lOll look at till' killd 01' \\nrld we. dri\illC>.. Ilappi.1II a liI"tilll<'. . 11('\\ "'el'II"loc>.' dralll.~JI to r{'(lllin\ l nal nn-ul.~(' d.."(' ah\'<l\'s ]'('gar<!(·d life' as a sort ()r~ift Ld's LII'.ard~cor(' ] lI'lr "I' 1I. TIlt' B<:l:1< s"l.1 \\.\lili/ltrI/ Oil Brookl'/II.U: itl (II]('II('S. park. rid.'r \\'itl.I'lolI..llilil'allt I'atarads art. ii's pml.il" Ill" a kt'dH)anl <llld a S('!"(Tll ~lll'd 1'111 ('(llltCllt - --I- 111.~(A n'alll I Il'c>.. r"st IIf tl)(' . Tl. n'CO\!lli/in~ p('()plt.u:ard('ll at (..1<11.')' \1 '1I11'r{.. R=Pete Ralldal P 111 (l1lr . \-(HI los{' ("010111' discr. \\illl)(' testing illfrar('d rClllotc sensing (~qllipll]('nt alongside alld c". "III.11 wallt to '1".ll to lla\(' . tlicir frcl'\\'''s.at's \\111 lh'eided 10 do what I do. till' gift ~llop ill tl)(' To\\('rs it". patrols to pick Ill' n'gl.'ad" 1"1.{'..."(' Iw\rr \)('('1111111('11 of a sociali/"'!'. \s a r.'illldigltl.dlll \'a"e('. till' "lllI's Iw('olll(\ llllHI(h._ :'(JII ~'all I.. Y"II c-ant '". ill fn)ltl a. "road "JIIirolllllclltal slwdrJIlll Iwtw('('11 1(J. pr()~2/al11s Till's(' IlIliqlH' Ie)" selmol classes an' Till' c\lll"lIl"hil(' <:Illh partielliarh \\a"ts tl". till' cit\.J its ahilit\' to ('llahlt' to dis('o\('t" 'llrhall (. I'lsl c>. ('JI\-inllllIH'lltal tral"fi(" ]a\\'s.sult ill till' lillkl'rillC>.u:e alld Ia.)c>. \\"II-sigllpo.il I to "Iliid III" Y'lIll" elll1dn'll II ill pmll<lhh II alit to "0111" I...'-s 1"lliel.ll' ha('k at tllis c11('''p rat<' IlIltiljllst h"I'II'" 11111 I.' III('n'asillC>.spoilt Ilatllr" alld thc stnldlll.d I" \\atell tl". 1I".II-tl'c-Il Spll HIII.'r I....-\oll di. 1)111.! a carill.\I'tl'r-sclllllllprogralllS at IH TE pr()lidc Inn whil« den'l()pill\. till' I('IIS 1)('('''III''s lirownix]: rat Iur th. l' r"all 1>:lllirollll":111. side of tl. Bel\n'ell vou an.l (Ill ("ar ('ltlissi(lIIS. fro III "11.11..i.'!11I1I'1I1 ur IIII' illll'rilli 3 Artist's eye III lll\ t('('lIS_ page 97 while. lallgllag(' arts and social s{llelit.! c-uvironuu-nt louurlution.111111 teachers ununal}.' it cl."gn'('ll' C<ltll{'ra'i to 's"att'T'.minutiou.'ak tillll'S.rs 1". J=Johll Vallce \\'Ilat's illfra-n'd "111c>.~rallts to .()lllltl'\'~i(I{'-."'l. if' I'"". participate ill teachcr traillillg and dc\"lopll1cllt workxhup« jm''''lIted 11\ the Cellll'r's education staff. I talk"d I" J.is ()\\-1l \\-ork illcn'asill~2:l: dark all(lltllldd:'. :lll.-1 iich ill ('111"0] ill t'Jl\'inlllJlH'Jltal "I. O.h.wt SlJrg(T:' ill I'J:2:l. ill tlj{' StUll{' \\"il:" \'id(. (ll Ili\.111 sp"ls: alld .' I n'lllI'lId".n'l'lI all ()I('r'.1" .rs "I'tl".\.~ \7"!licl('s to c!l('l'k t'. :2'i. BCl'E .ic>. aholll \\illl ollll'r Iwopl.l. ~ .C>. III Ill(' type thron«l..g ttl()rt'~ SIIIIIIII.sfll] h: q a.11 tl)(' tlll'IIStll. \.e. 11(' ('\'('11 slas]l('d s('\('ral C. TI.el.'h Il'a\.'d till' mujorit .h sdl()oL alld ]carll .11 k"i o{'/It" .

()m "'I)('('l<'d n's<'ar<.tr"s I'ro 11 I wl"'n' III<' rohl)('n look ]'Ia. II" 1101 Disll'" \\'orld.. 11..101111. [ast Salmda\ jllsl "'til' all hom I)('I. "Oil "all cntis" til till' Spl""dllllrs III' Tsal: Fein til(' Cr""l's '\\'illdm\ til til(' \\'"s!" !.glllllll :'(lIlr \isit.'aSl' contad til(' polic" Oil :>:>7 -il-H.\lllr.1l1)('li.3tll III' F"hntalY to the.lIIWra \\'hidl lilll)('d tl". '1'1)(' displa\s..(S s!wak('rs.Ulj(' to hrillg 1\('\\- 'I"ot" n''''n'lIc.ltill. \\.jt'. alllllit .' IIIIlSi"... \\']l('J"(' . A tip-off.'s Ila\(' .'\"r lias \\011 (alldprold. allli Illat is .' tllis til all olltsidl' tuliiu ifv ou "IIlHISI'. '1'1)(' EmOpl"lIl Clip \\'illlH'rS .' till' d"Jigl"s IIIl' cil\ lias !() ()l'lt'l" as \'(JII \\'ill he I'rt'(.r" sll<l]' ill II". \\'orkillg Itl<lc!JilH'r:' hrillgs thes{' displa:'s a!i\"(" \\'!Jatl'\"('r \-Ollr illtl'rest..'r.' I"d to . \\itll Ilood." of (1)(' sllsl"'('!s.. Sto('kilollli is a sl'l'iol!S "ollklld"r for 'Th" \\'orldOs "lost llt'alltihrl Capital'..oll dont wunt to ("liT\' .OO IIlIIII'S. Illllld)('l' hilt ('11'<lr. ill'l1<'rial St. 'I'll(' 1l1IlS(11l111\ siglJificallt coll{.1"111111' \'"I III till' '\'\COs "11111. localt'd rigllt ill till' Ill'arl ultlu citv: alld lour lIigl.'gallt s"al'rollt framillg clear hili.ir.itl' IlIotlkd jackl'l \\"ith a hood"d jogging top.' 1I111(11)('r DSOOB pn)sp('rit:-.. \\itl.'kllllllIl.'.11111'1" "I' sll(. I'rmid". Fekrslmrg stands Oil 101 islands."( ill rollhing a i"\\(..th C('lltlln.'.'III1l' ol'tlll' Illost d"dimtl'd scientists ill tL(1 cOl1lltr:·.1I11teS Itcl'"T tho 1)('r1'>rTlI'lIWl' a.'n n'stol'l'llto hrll \\IlIlilig o I'd" I'. "ollid yOIl pl.. Frolll Stllckholm. includ.-d d"seriptiolls of tllr"" sllSp"ds. ""'all. \\'illl"ss.'\('d to 1"1\. 1I1Ill'sS its a :-\{'riolls <!()\\'IlIH)lIr." I. ZCllitl."s or \\'(Tks ill (t(h-all<. B"fon' dockillg at St I'd"rshmg "t 17:)Ii OIl S"tmda'." tilll('(1 al all.tc-u 1I1.il'.ladi('s alld ~t'Il!I{'111('11.lil:' s~)]ll{'tllillg !(l!' :·UII. tlll'\ ". illllllslri"s.. 1<. IjaU'r. "011'11 filld a \\olld"rhrl "ol].1 Itlillioll.\s \\1' I)('ar tilda.d.s tl]{' ()ppUrlllllit:. \Iall\ dis]'Ll\s III' III('al it"1I1S an' 'ill ('{lItt".' al](\ tIll' IIlIlS('IIIII has collt'ctiolls oj' llatiollal si.'('ss . Ill' was wl'arillg a s!att' .rroun."dimll'd tl. III(' rohh"n o''('lIrn... a 'I"a.ls('<! til(' first \'ide() \.'rr"d to till' 111Ilt'1 Sklla IIlIlil '"111 d.'atillg \\olldnflll palloralllas. \011 \\illll(' tr.. hut polic" \\('r" unable.! wit]: '"OIL vou call 'ask Ior 11"'111 to 1)(' 1".itchccl thos" of thr t\\ll nnn ill tlu. \\'!HI'. \\ho got Ollt 01' 111l' dri\. to 0111' rigorolls stalldards wl]('11 it ('(JIII!'S to n's('a1'c]1 awards illlt! \\'ill Sllpp()rt Old: n'st'arc]1 \\·llidJ passes tlw rt'\i(I\\' pnJ<.ah' \Ldarcll IIlt.('rilli. 1'lIlil''l'l'. slll)\\ \\ltat locallif..'tS tit" Baltic S.ll]('ial :'1'al' COlltilllH' to SP('IIc! 111(llT 1II(IIlt':' (lll Iwlpillg ilstlllllll slli'/<'r('rs tllall all: otllt'l" lHlIl-('()llllll('r('ial org~lIJi:l. I"I\{' """llg.l)(' assllr"d tl'at 11l)\\('\('r 111111'11 JtIOll('\ is .1 tl"'11 it dO"Sld "Iailll 1(1)('. Th" pass""g'T was slilllllll'!'.I... 'I'll(' first SIlSP''('1. Iink"d h.'s a lan'\\"II]'arl\ Oil ho"nl \\itll li\. OIl<' walking abollt :jO lI)('t'n's in front of bis accolllplicc.1 muc-h din. th" lorn. canals alld hridg('s."t Tra\l'1 pa"kagl' an: re-turn s('lll'dlll"d f1igllts l)('t\\I'''" Brilisll airports and "tll('kl'llllll: two lIigltts' twiu I)('d . Satmda\ aIIlISllIlIl.sld mal«: 11".\l' till' lorn at dil'I."h rl'fl. TII('I"{.cit\ \\as inuuiu. "II ilt'IIiS clIlI"d"d local".!tll' Ulll' ITS('ardl {'()Illllliltt.. a I'ascillatillg bl"lId 01' City robbery page 98 il11agt'S \\'orkillg alld static disp1a:-s. [2.. callaIs C.-ut.'d ill th" "ark ].\. . SI"'lIdillg \('al' is a sl<l~\2.t! ill St Pd('rshllr~. f')(lt 9 iliell"S.~ willllot 1)(' c()ll. '1'1](' l'.u«] agriellitmal lif. III' Ik''l'IIII)('r.'s siglls 01' pallic tl"'rc is all l'scap" l"llcl.'\('r \\ill \\'illil till' till.'S.to bloe. Bill Da\id TIl"kn.ooc! tr~lIlSport S:-SIt'ltIS ('I]('{lllr.]'artlll'l' Oil \\'{'d'll'sd. IT. all ill(Tt'aS(' ()I ~lIld W(' Iksl'it" til(' 'Ilialil\ollll(' \id"o. t)1I Frit l.'('iall\ tillIS<' n.to sa" if tlte d('slTiptiollS g. alld B('rti(' \\'! 1('1 I pIHlllill~.d. 1"a\I' til(' lorn s"parait'h.IOs B f"r tlll'lI til(' rai"'a\s. (..r looks had. alld I" tl.\('rs is prl'll\ good.llid('. 4 National Asthma Campaign Open Day pago 100 (. Fleas(' Stn'('l.all in til(' lu-. \\I. rinTs. Ior all additiollal pa'"Il'11.Ollltln.pl'lllld IIl'tl)(' cOlltril"ltioll \I'"lla\(' iliad.s ('olltilllJ(' ill tIll' rain.cti(Jlls llrillg tllis Il('rilag" hack to IiI'" \\itl.ibits 1"1\. 141 . alld \\as \\('aring light-hi Ill' j"'lIlS and a hhl<' and \\I. 1111 Tlllirsda\s 011 I\" lucludr-d ill till' Ikg.\ lIigl"s \\illll(' sl"'111 Illo(Jn. SOItH' dlllill~ ha"k :2110 . Accordillg to till' p"li"".I.\(: r<'''''trl'll alld 10 I('anl 111(1rt' alHlllt tIlt' \\'tlrk fllat is ~()illg Olt.rtlll'rt1 SIal' lias to orr. \\"(' 110I){' \\'illlltl\"(. 'I'll(' 11]('11 w('rt' also filllH'd \\rarillg 1}()()(ls as t1lt'y rail ]"('111('1111)('1" !I](' n'!('l"t'Il('(' lllilltll('r ~r)I)()B .\nd [inall.. 'hril i. at till' .'.' lIS"d to 1)(' lih'. alld sllll'\.1\.g al traditiollS \\I'i. ' 11'\'011 w"n' ill til(' ar"a. S('\'('II da\'s <l..'.it.: \\'a'.lIlSf.-vious ('. rl«..'1'... sport. oight bel.ifts'alld S()ll~('lli. 'I'll<' I Iauutrcl l lou:«.ut ol'tll(' cil\' 11. \\'IIlTl' I.rt." a hlal'kslllitltOs f(lrg". will ('tllitillll<' ttl ad(l(.I'l'tn Hahhit ic" sho« all hom 1)('llm' ('...ld lor \011 at'tl)(.'\('s til(' rohl)('rs an' dislilll'l ('1I01lgll to 1)(' id""tifi.sid{'r{'d It)r a n's('ar('11 award . 1>1It q1lcues ar(.~n': '\"\(Ttlll'l{'ss. a \"n dccp hili".go \\'l'I"{' !lot \'l'IY r"sl 01' til(" "ollntn 1.lait'd t" agri"ldlm.'s till' '\.lllIi('" of fligl"s lr t StO('k]IO]III.rcal" scan hit ' ()II.is uuu-h too frightellillg lor Slllallcllildrcll. 111"11 \\as alHIllt :200 Il".. \lall\ ol'tll(' ".'a. But tit" auclituriuru is so hig th..'rOs alld cohhl. \l'itll all its 111111"111..uu! g"lItl"lIl<'o. ladi"s . \\'(' call 1('('1 rightly pl'lllld .ts' twin full hoard aCC()IIIIII{)(latio. I\l'!' [:2. 1".. just !)('f'lH' \011 gl'l to tlu. d"partillg 1111(' da\ 'a \\('.Task bank 68 • Tapescripts <)ll<'lI('S start I. is alllllll " I'HII " illel)('s tall.1 0]"'11 IJ. \11 ill all.. "oll. ""' "'alllpl."' tlu.'('d('(lt"'lt (1)(' \ id"o I'idlln's tak"l1 a \\.uir! hr"akfast a('collIllIlHlatioll ill "{'lItral Slo. d"lil)('rat.l. "sl'.\Itltollglt it 1I.m'.stolY "11l1 IIIl' 111IIS('1I111 \\·i11 illtrodllt'{' \Ul\ to t1H'S{' alld (JtlH'r d"Jigl""d III \\(.\('('11"111 \:"1)('1 \l11l'1[ Ill' al>l" to "lIl1]'I.tl'!' III' a Illillillll !"llllllls."t tinll's.('ning m.'('k a." ill Ltd i"sl :2IH) 1l)('ln's a\\'1\ froll' a I'ark"d lorn \\I'iclt (1)(' rohlwrs Iall'r lls('d as a .·ial alld all illsidl' cahill.l\-ailahl(' j()r n's('arclL \\'t' allorak. SO. 'I'll(' ]'il'lllr"s a 1'.' \\atl'rs.'1"'. ()II ani\al "I Slo"kllollll 11I"t da\ at l:l.'('lioli 01' iIHII1.tlO hour«.. alld sliglltl\ tall.\011 w ill !ir: sta:'illg I(JI' 011(' lIigl" at till' Ilokl Sklla.' \\ailill~ to ~i\(' :()11 tllal pllollt.' ill (1)(' ar"a .7 Lo"allll'o]'I{" tllO. Yot: I'all lI]'grad. \\I'iell pass"d Il('arl". wll('n'. st"leli ill tb" \Iidlallds last IIiOlitiL had 1"'1'11 r"paillt"d frolll . 'I'll(' 1111lS('1l1l1 pro\-id(ls liS witl: <l 1111i(!lw historica] r""ord of industrial .'('t tl)(' Ilislon 01' om ar"a lI\'T'111(' last t\\ll ("'lItmil's.(J()d Illonlill~. has('d l1pOl1 two p{'opl(' sllarillg 2 Museum visit gn1at p]('asllrc thal page 99 I \H'k'OIIl<' yon t(J our cit:"s Co()(1 altc-ruoon. sllpporkrs illHI stall It) ('(lItlt' t{)~t'!lwr to IOl'al ""I. that a rohlx-rv SOIlIl'\\'lll'r" in tl«. alld sto<. Yom calls \\illlll' d". III Sllllllll('r \()1I call sLl\' f()r a~ficll1tllfal h\~ol](ls. So ]t't liS \\·{'kOlll(' tlJis }lltlrJliIH.-star Ilokl Sklla. 1(lt's go and lllak(' ollr first jOllrJl(':' illto tlw past tllis (.10IT\'. I"'ad oftl)(' lTilll<' s<11"1<1. (1)(' an'a \\as dOlililiait'd I" agricllltllre.1\ \\alkillg apart ill '''' atl"llIpl 10 a\oid .!.'rOs \\orksllllps. alHlard till' Hallic Lin: \I/S '\ort]IITIl St.11.1'. and sa\\ till' t\\U IIIl'n I"'.111111. white. T". Oil I!lt' pn'\i()lIs fill. '1I."'S III' '\.I..('n th« pr..'r Tllckt'r 1)('li.'hHiglttOs. good C(lllllllllllicati(IIIS \\'itll tIl(' I )('{cdi\'l's n.all) proj('('t !lot passing tltis sLlgt' ()f\'(.lIdllStrial prosp"rit\ I'or til(' ar"a.'n'Il"" to attc']Hlall(.1. \\llidl llIakes it '. aod fitt"d wit]: faLs" r"gistration plates.. 1)("'11 'ill\oh.'slcnLI\ 01'(1)(' Iwo 1l)(. sl"lIT till' SII"("'S.~('Ll\\'a:' \'(.{" trllslt't's.\ ()llr lill('s art' IH1\\ (JP('II 1'(11' additiollal ill!()rJllati()]1 ('()Il('('rllillg 1)()(lkillgS t'lt'.. I)('.)\'(. sllcial alld [illallcial costs.!. COllllllllllicatiollS \\'as tl\{' H()JIl<lll foad. Lacll s]'rillg.'.\\ III(' 1\\0 1l1l'1l.Hitl.'nth. so hriJl~ vour OWIl raiuc-out iI'tl"."I. '1".'k. 'I'll(' ridt. alld dark lrollS"rs. 011.o.gt). Illis 01"'11 IJ".II.al al SOIIlI' tillll' dmillg tllis Ilall'-IIlIIII'. I itlll towards III(' lorn an"r till' rohl)('n.' ill till' figlll agailLSt astllllla.1 ii's a fair hil "ll<'a]'. YOII d"p"rt Oil "Tlllirsda' Oil a .('aI'S.~llifi('alj(T frlllll 1l1all:' ()ftl]('s{'.. prilll.. H('gt'llt Tra\rl oH'('r Cfllis{'s fro 11 I onlv CS:37 lrnm th« .'d II. Elegallt alld SllplTllleh' ])('alltifirl..ati{lIl ill tilt' 1IIIIS('lllll id"llifi"ati... "iI. It is wit]: 111'\\ \l11S"11I1I 01' lur luvtriul alld Hur.. t{) do \Olll" {)Wll sigl ItS('t'illg ()11 \){)llda: :()ll dlvart l'nllll SI }Jt'!{'r.. (lit Sllllda\. \l1l1'111"I\" tillll' to "lIim all till' f""iliti. (:'"I1I1".' tllis lill'lIl1'ial SllSpicioll. .T.st.it von could allllost ccrtaillh arrive. 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I .1I11 0) inuuoclun Sl?.)11[11 os j.'S 01 '.)P"O.Ul~ ll~'\lll~ dll 1'I11110.'l)I"1 .!.ll[J 11.)llO.lIlIl!! P.1 .I0.)(I'].l.I 1\1.HIOP l"!" S.)HOP S.\111 .HIIl~1I PIlY V !J P"" 1 o.).\\ JJ '.Ul~ S.10 p7) V Sld!Josade. 10 ( l} :O'II!IIl-\.)(11 lSIl!l~:O'l~ .)O.)lp II! S')lllll!lll .)Il.10=0 'i\JB8=~ '1i8UBr=r 'J8M8111J8jUI=1 ]l1.\ <Kl0.\\(J.)s .\\Jl~ I '.l}S .1'1 .Ill s7)1I111l .UI 1 'IJII S"'1S ..H!l0 1111!lp.Hls 0] 7)111 \1"1 11l0[[1'\\ d0'ls t: 0P'! 073 O} ')I(P~ .1\1~l{ .) .)11l J"I'IS11Il.lIliOS ' . 'SlIOl)C]".110. .1.lll .\\[1' I I'''L\\ () pUP.ud ')(P .lIll" .\\ S.ll! os .HI) III [ISlj .1110\ lllIHIl? 1'''1\\ I'"" '111111 II '.)(I[ ll~.)S '11').7)Il\' SIYI "l '1'00.I.)11[('.II''1S .I. I 'S'WIIHlP:) (JII 1IlH .ljsq .nun 1JS!II~Lr-J.'S .\.)lLL ''I.I'\.np .)l~.lJ Sill '.1\\ .-lIl:O' S!I{ J1l()\ ..\\I\\! 'S..)lIOI!" .uuo.'.U ).\\ .'" ILl 111'1 'Ill.uoru 1!'.l.).\\011 0.)J[L-J.JJ1'Ill .)llIOS III "')S 0) 1"'1[1 ')"''1l'lllim I 'II'}\\ ~.\\ ·.1.lIlS ']111111 I 1.)[[O.\Il()S ~.).ICl 1111°.1[1"..) .).kIIlS I '1Ll("1 S.)\.1I1.\\ 'lll')I'lOJe!l' )rISl?.lIp I"I"'lSII'! ..UOI')(I]"I' I 1l1'1[J .\\)1 )1"[J\l'S I Il. lIl .s'lJ'''1 '1s.)U..1I0\)P 1I\\lu'[l ']1IL1]' I'"" 1'011.\ .I'I 1I! V clu lql1I10.l.11l3 0 t OS i'''" p.I. j.\l~"\\ll~ Sl~.lIP\ 0] ISIi1'.l?'l'oll()o'!.n" ])) Pll1?\q 0) i [1lJ').1().\I1':) d'OOJ .).jH[!'1l\lll~ SS!III Ilo.\l~.Udlll! ~.l.\\ uo.'.lS!.HIIllII III 1'.l7) ]UIlI' ISid' 110\ .U.l.pIJSS.\!1It1 I' r.WSS.1I1l 01 .JI .)SS.lIIIl"IS .ro 'J.)11[. . '..ll' .h.).HII j.IIIII")I.WI[I SS.1I1 .\\.)\ III 1''1S\J.H!II[.U :J O~ IIS!.ll!.).-Hj.111.)IjU.l vO.11\"1 '1<U1l[(1.liP 110 1')()1 0]](7) .\\OIlOJ 1"'1\\ I'"V ~.l :O'(I!l!l.) u .!S l\l' I' 1I1l\ 11"[llll~ SIII?.\ 'U"ISl"I.\\ J.l ')Ic!o.Id .1I1) .SJlloq o.llll.\\ dJl?)S I.).ll P!l1~ 1111.HO)S .'.J'll]""1 .HLL L pun (.)(l clIIll) JlIO\ 1l.)\1"1 .L 'S.n: sun.'\"0~ '.)Ill'! JOJ .l\!Jl~?.I.1I[1111 \11l~111 os P.).\\011'1 I '.I'I'''" 1'''1.)]1?IO.7) S.ISJllln '1SL\\ llO\ pllllm .)]Sl'J )I 01' SJllOl Odlll.l.lIlS 'l""III" [ll.I1~ . UI1')1I 1\1 ~.liP P"IS OJ ')1'1'1l1-1"(\?'1 1'"1' .) 1l0\ IH'V '1.I"[I.H\ ()l ISIl!' ll~'U:O' S.)III1.I\Sl~.\\J! \l.11""11"'"l ": 1 '7)IIL[("1 lOll 11111 S7)III1[1 '1s'l \IS '11"1 .l. fl~lP\ f')J'3 III )lUI .l.Jl[J Sl'.)e!IOIl '\.l.hlll:1 .\.1.) c.l.\I'S .\\ .1.) ~.1 [1.uy d1 1'IS .)(1 1!"H\\I'I() ")lelo.).nj uoclu 1")10011 o )S.U I J1J[!'1l .".\\OIl~ )I[e!II.lSII ll '!lI()()J .11"1' 1 '.1.7).)((W.u.'.).\ (Jl ss.U IS[" I '.UOIlI .1.)(1 .1 I .uu.c!Lq .).'c!O .) I S')I.)lI1'1S[!' ?illol ~lllll.l S!'IIl\/ "(.i _A@ "I.lOP ')(1 1.i.I.'\1"1"0\ 01' I'"V S!1I1 '11:.Il~lI[~.. .lI[II\.).II11.l i: .lIl I'"" .1.[:fllll? OS .1l? 'SS.lI1 .7)7)I".SS.1.)ll lUll l"!" .\\011 ']")(.J.IISI?\\ I \1.)!.llIlll .l.'>J')IP' 111? 1.urul.1.Jl ".)1lf):O'.l 1l?\U l? S""\\ ' 1\1 ~.)S [10.'"11'S .11[1.le!S 0] .\\011'1 I.lpl"O[IS 1 "'I\ISlIl"l .)dlll.\\Oll~ Ilo.l'!"l?J1" S.\\ .).1c!OJII:'1 III "Ic!O'lC! .l .l .)\1'11 isqJ.)(IIIIIIIS r.1 ...1I1l 7)1ll\111[(1 'J.\1"1 '(7) 011""1 .\\ .)\.'\\ .J i)lI~Il' 1'1l1?\q) .) S.1I[J no S)SUllOI .)Sll .!J.)\. I"Je!I.U7) S.))S.)\. .)IIl~'j)'().\ .JIIS S.ljlll lOll -\II'I.) 1'1"0.1I11 P"!lll..).\<cHIOlli \1'S S\".).HlIy 1I10.)7)ll1?l.\. )1111 [ \1.) 1'001 l' Sl?.lI[1IlI') .10 (l!l~PI\.1I1l 1I11UI .)qll.) II! lslI[' 'S.11'"17) .1:Ol~ .).u:O' S')'P~I(1 . .1. .7).lJ.1I11".11I']1[(n\ I iJllOl Oe!II[')J~ .)II[(IS 1'l7)1I1l'l .)\\ .L :) i"S')"'1') l"" I'I"O.) 1I.) Ill\! "'Ie!o.\.).l"[LL ''jIJ/IJ:) S:)I]S.!s .1 III S.U.'"111' .) S!llI .

dlnd lik/' to Oil Illy OWIl. SlIppose l f('l'] hitter ill SOliit' wa\'s.(lltldld go ha('k.rfj('il'lIt wlll'1I v\'(' op('ratl'd as a hlllltilig pa('k. tilt' gn'at('st coll('dioll 01' n'cip('s of till' ('1'lItlm' el and H Thn(' \\as this kind of indoor louut aiu.1' thing as [ do a lot' of' tr". Still. \\'e liwd too lur apart to I'JrlIl all\'lastillg kine] of nlntionship.~. el and H I d('al witl.1\'(' tll<1t \'OIl"IT ill 2 ancl 7 SOl!l(' 1'1'01'''' "H'ar I" tlu-ir 1'(Tipl's morefrc<jIIl'lItk tliau tlll'\ do I".rl'('ts we-reIantastic.1\1' 1".ltkll'.hl1t tilt' llH'at was too tOll..t'd cOlllpallil's alld j)('opll' rlllllling thost' ar('!d "PI"T-lliddl(' ('lass. 10 Sl'" tlll'lll al \\'('('k('lIlls. wit l: this IH'W 'ail-nil ItIl!' sound tlu-v ha\'I' lHI\\'ada\'s.d till' I'pl HllIl' 0 I' t IH' 1II1Iliali ""1'1' sli('('(1 alld ('ooke'd III('at I)('('allll' ('as\ to COIISllllil'. wc-l].1t as if' \'011 WI']'l' tIH.. hut 1\1' Il('l'lI '1"ill' sllcct'ssfllL I l1s('d to d('si.('ars or so \\'olling.'lIdisl.o! (J1\{'. I (. tlu.arr"ss('d I didlr't know whe-reto p"t 11l\Sl'lf.g. \I()st sllppll'IIIl'lIt w('('kh d('li\'('ril's or I"od \\ith protlll('I' a'Hlli\I'stock rais('d Oil till' polilltl'd lalld.oll)('('aIlSl' I c01lld lta\'(' ..-u su. I (.uuc-ut or L".d bakillg ill IIIl' m('11 . I'ltl !lSl'd to this kiltd 1.. It's Oftl'1I lake'li 11\ SOllll' as 4 Coping with the unexpected 1 and (i page 107 \\'1.ad" fi('ld-da\' liS IllllT\'illg \\'atchillg lc)]" SIH'ItIT1 el and H iJlllllalls SOOIl !c)lIlld \\"(' \\"('1"(' at 0111' IllOSt l."'. WI> haven't evactlv set a hapI)\' example in all this I It's not that e-asv ha\'ing a titl« in this da:" and age ~ an C'nlC'rgelll'~.1 glassl's and thr-n. \\rJ"(' ('ager to ill\"('stigal{' alld pll(lt{)grapll till' Ii'l'dillg patlt'rns of till' I"l\ j. l!lost \\'(1Ir't ('at ill capti\'i1\.'eL a rl'al ('1'!I'bratiolt' (. I 1H'\'{'r go Ollt . I)('((('r('d 111\ Sl'II' Alld I slill sl.ullpll'.(. tbat killd of' tllillg.hours training on the trot and the-n wor].~I. ha('k~roIIIHllllltsie pnfc. th.]. ilt 111\ s('at.rv« (.s COlllltn an' 1101 l'I'alk to do \\ith class. Thl'\ think thl'\ nnormal and voun.!'s \\I.~.alld.1 Sltl!<hlh till' 11l'''\'('lIs op"lll'd alill dowlI it ('alltl'. And sll(' \\as II"ite old whell she had 111\ mothe-r.11 I . if 1'\1' got all IUllir to spare 11IIt I Ilil\"('ld got tilll(' to do all\ propl'r pailltillg alill drawi". 5 and 10 \\'{' \u'n' Il<l\'illg satldwi('llt's allc! cakes . Anti all ('ooks ha\'(' tlll'ir f"Hlilritl' \\'(lI'ks of r('f''!'I'II('''. \\'1' and S I was broll.'art! aholll 1:7 all hom .of r('ligions tcst.lid it' .till' Sl'niel' \\'as ulisolutr-lv SlIIll'rll. Apparl'lttk \\'(:'d hit SOItIl' ' tllrlmll'!tl'I'. tilt' \'j('w \'011 jC)rJll of jll'opl.\lor/all Cuisiiu: inav 1I0t filld itsl'lf Oil 1'\l'nhOlh's kittln-u slll:II' hut that is 1I0t to d(.Tapescripts • Task bank 6D :'\e\'er mind! 1\(' p"t it all Ixhind mc-. TIH' lo('als ItlllSt I"I\(' I. Stlllkilig tlll'lli ill lIatt!l'(' w. I.'n' too slm\. till' odd fislll'rJllalt \(.' tra\l'lIing Itp to tbe fifth floor . rigllt III'\t to om tabl(' .a\ it was so realistie I \.almormal' f.illgs that is \\TOllg 1I0W is tIll' Ilrl'akdowlI of thl' [lllli" .:lt'11 110\\.lt'al.skiers S('I'III('d to. \\'l' atlaptl'd till' Ii"HI to Ot!l' (('('(II. \llli Illiss li\'(' lllillllt{'S pa:'! :~ sort of' Itll'al \\'led take'lt witll lIS .llrit:·. YOIt r.ill E. I \\'as ilt th(' todd aC'iltalk \\'IIl'1t l'\l'IYthin~ startl'd shakiltg. -\Il\wa\. .gll for ollr sliiall ja\\'s. well. hllt \\'1' Ell'l'd ".11.II~' ils . (. \\'e all had to pitt on sp('('i.lld('d "l' doillg Iloillillg wit l: tlll'ir 1i".~<ull'l'.-allv f. SI()\\'I\ till' .gl'r pn': . \\'l'IL I I('ft s('llool slrai. Bllt SOIIlI'lillil'S 1'111 ('lIlharras".at it's r('alh Iikl'l S{'(.altd th.11 gardells "lit lIO\\" ( 1"1111 a specialist s('l"..mballd.') and 10 I SllppOSl' Wl"re' thoH~ht of as sllohhish.' is Ii.~ \. a hmad ('mss-"'I'lioll of pl'opl. 111\ t'\I. the\. iftb.ul. 2 Class distinction 1 and (i page 105 «ont rol olvour DOII't \"(HI <1\.\.') and 1O \\'(. to add to om dill'1I11"'1.\'!//(.a Silllp](' lH'alltihd da:.r lI.Iliit it was a :'()ll kIIO\\'.rt it must Ila\(' l'OSt .a. I'l'l'haps peop'" thillk the grass is gr('elll'r I']sewherc- 2 and 7 \\'e wn.()!W OIL :\(1\\' :3 and S TIll' ('l)\\'" IIlilk ""1\ lIot 1)(' Sarl' 10 drillk IlIlt. IH. all ('Idl'rh alld lIIost of tlll'lIl \\'OIII. as I II}.C'i .11 all artist. slln SIJillill.klc-nlv I kltoc'k('d ove-r a bo((I('.-as hn)\Jt~llt lip ill a Erirh poor ."II' Itl\ wa\ haek d()\"" th(' aisll''-I 1.n'alk l)('atltifltL it \\'as l Altd 1'\I"Ythin~ \\as pnf.is is {'IHlllgh to Illake .e. 2 and 7 I'd lik(' 10 1. I \\u.iud h.'elillgs of mouev and pri\'i1l'ge Illing happiness' And wt-.'. th(' prohkllls ill Ihi.\Ior/ern Cuj.('ollid afl."' 3 and S ThC':' \\'('IT SllO\\Cillg this S('('ll{' of SOIl}{'O!H' skiiltg.ld('rh poplilat'ioll.: Iluvours an' 1I1on' distillcti\(' alld till' tl'\tllr('s li~htl'r ."r't afl.\!. \ \'" I'IIIe'n .l'! \(111 gl'l paid I" lilt' IlIilllllt' 01' til(' prolhlt'lillil li.'\'aCIll'l'S. partk-ul.('llillg so it doesld bothlT mc at all .lIlpll" it ('all 1)(' a disad\'alltag('.X'. their nlnsc!I'S individuallv vvith \H'i~hts. 1]('1'(' ill Li\'t'rpo()] .".sp('cial ".11\' projecting a !c)ntl or arr().~lId alTOI'd to r{'- ('d.()\\'(. Slteld('llk.~ltI awa\.that's 111\ IIlottO I s and 10 [ rcallv didll't kuo« lu-r \I'IY well at all. w(':d alltlost ani\ed at thc -ith floor whell the thillg jltst stopped deacL Lnckik there \\cre f(lIlr of!lS allel soltH'body said. I \\as a hit of a ". \llli kllo\\.~I'1 "l' ill till' sOlltl.1 l lwc.t!. \\'('sl bill 1'\(' li\'('d lill' si\ :rars. YOII know..rts ofilollll' l)lltw('i~h IIIl' risks ill\o"nl.r I'\.Illlt tll('\ IIligllt "'1\1' tIHHI. I I'.' 111\"..'s a]wa\'s 144 . III tllis \\"a\' W{' \\"('rt' ahle to turll 0111' attl'lltiOIl to hig. . alld aIlV\\'1\.1\('II't got f\vo pl'llilil'S to rilL togctl\('r. 11I11 it's ilion' illlporlallt tltat till' Ellllih lias a baLlIll'l'd 1'\isle'Il(.\11\"'''''. rcalk. TIll' tlisill's an' IIHlrl. I \.!. I'd Iml' a '1'\' hilt v\'(' Ila\"('Il't .gillllillg to rdllrll to tIlt' ar(. till' l'olll".i('{' ill (·()lllJHIU·rs.11('11 \011 think of Ill'!'. Bllt sll(' \\'as a ~elltk sOIlL The kiuc! OiPITSOIl who IIlak('s \(111 'lolIg c!a\'S ~()ll(' 11\ . Am". alld th('r(' is a lot of tnlth ill that.oodlwss k!1l)\\S wh. If\oll're' fi\l' IlIilllltl'S lall'..Imt it was heing 011 111:' ft'ct jllst at that \"('1':' rl)Oll1CIlL that's \\'Irat . I"r 11ll' 1. Look to the Iutun. snu-lls of bn'.«!« till' 'roO!ll1 TIll' . Thc'\' drink wate-r hut von ne-ve-r 'scc thcll c'at all\tltil.'IL ar(' 1H'.riolls prohl"lILs. AIt)"."dd 1)(' illipractical .on' IIll'rito<Talic thail has('d Oil class: ".[ dOll't like esealators.d h\ till' wa\ I spl'ak.d Lwould 1t1'\I'r take' "P till' sport. TIll' '''Ii IIlals' appl 'ar alld disapp('ar 1I11pn'tlidahh ill till' \vatl'r. liuttou ill tlH's/' coutruptionx. 'Don't \Hl'TY' Tlrer. \H'.a\'..1' till' hasie tl.r f(lr IIIl' kid's Ettlll'r. dont c-at or ~IeI'P propc-rlv and 1'\I'lItnal" «nd np ill hospital.Ih('\ 1}.' Lnckilv f'JI' ItS. halall('('d.' alld arter I. iI's 100 E.dd ha\'1' Iw('1t all ri~ht if I'd bl'e.". BlIt it's a strollg l'1l'lIll'lIt of IIIIIIIall char'lct('r alld othl'l' eOlilltri('s ha\l' jllst as IlIlIeh sllohl)('n.() to a pri\<lt"(· scll<)o1.rtlll'r do\\ltstn'''lll lookiltg at ItS ill a ratlll'r disappro\'illg \Va: \\"(' \\"('r(' Illakillg too Illllt'll ltoiSl.ml to sl'lld 011I" ('hildn'lI to a pri\al(' s('llooL v\'(' \\(lIdd. do tlm-r. 111\ 11111111 alld dad 1""lldlr't Ill'lp.t I was tniltg to l's('apl' \\ithollt I'a\'iltg till' hill I owu Iii" alld \011 ('all do wllat \(111 want:' I didll'l . so 1 al\\'ays look for all a!i<'mati\e i'f possible.. I'ltl Itot jokiltg l I III'"rl\' ralt Oltt of tIll' pla('l' .l' with tlu-m.ml to.:11 ami twisted . sort of inv.jllg safc. III a ro01l1 1'1111 of illdllstrialist~. I \\as so l'llIl.nr:u. Thc\"rc L\[Jl'1'adi\". a11\' voluu«.lIf1l1l'!Il'I'. an' 111l'\ p('opl(' \'OII rcsp('cL trllst.tl.. filld illt('n'stillg'~ I ]elld IllO!H':' to Illl'dilllllsi/.. I kuo«: p{'op!t' whov« 1"'1'11 s('111 10 pri\alt'sdillois . h(' was ri~ht and te-n minutr-s later we e!llergl'd sa\(> and SOItIH!1 3 Food page 106 1 and 6 Some girls arrive whe-n \\'e opell. . [ do thillk Olll' .I. hl'I's bltniltg..

--l {.()Ilsid('f('d all ill~-asi()I'1 of priv." sOlllllls rather I'III!I' a 111I IIff-halld '1I1d S1lg." 111 Ill".ill tIl{' r-x. AI I"S.g('sts ba\"(> uothing else to sa: oftell preli'rred as all a]tert/ati\'(' to . fLTitiJlil.s an'..racelalll!s introduc(' !lOll to /IIY ('olin/gill' n')ll!wn :2 a S('{'I'lrih nrlll . le\'('1 I 1:2 "'" of lirst n.!u)j)('.'5h roS\ c1"'eb hd xliu: huilr! ' . til1l('."r1 / le..0 page 10 0111 A rill AI"l"i" . ('ollid "'presses probabilil\' I eapabilit\·. .I/""illlllllee souncls rather 1'>rIllal alld sOllll'what '!lower\" for genera] illtrodllctiolls alld I'l'SpOIlSes.llstollll'rS sa\\' a \\'(Jlliall .se there is 110 s.. 'Cold listl'ning' like this can he dilficult heea.tt: c-outr-xt: jlossihl:' two ('XaJllill('rs alld two ealldidatl's.I"IT\ () II\(' "'(''-II'il\ gllards -.. it 'sa\ its alpllabl'l Ilallll. {'\<llllilWrS arc lookill. 1""Il('S. Il\ a \\Olililll appropdately Sllggestl'd ('0111 hi IlatiOIlS: A rill M"ri" . this 1. TllllSe ill ('011111111 tml ha\'(' Ii:!.S<' d.1 :) I-J Ilse of first "'"IlI'S .' j c-ontrxt: I'0ssihh 1(. :2 :) :\ xilrnt I' 011 the end of a \\oJ'(1 of' 0111' s\'llahle cllding ill 0lH' c-onsouant 1I1ak{'s til(' '-()\.ollll'lll'l'li ('IIIt1d Ill' follll\\(. I I' \'011 lilah.\1I"S or Miss.. stroug opinioll. "'presses a \('ry lIIighl expresses probability I pOSSibility.III' gl'IIIS .""rI I" sl'e 1/"". IJeligltll'rll" 111"/.ANSWERKEY 1 SPEAKING 1.") Boland -+ (.0 page 9 A '1'111' \'Il\\'(. .1 page13 this partk-ul.nuiutr» mind. 4.d ill~>art :2.I .. Ms is ran'lv Ilsed ill spokell Ellglish hilt it is Speeulatin~ 0111' CIIII'I mil' Ihe J!ossihililfj Ihill II f'l'r"'"lrillj. 0.~ali\{' illlpr{'ssioll olvour ahilih. 4..~tn'.r-.1'1' till' Iasl eOllsoll. Bless Iunuul: 1<. I'.\1I"S.." C alll11 E.\vas llli~llt {ICO Finding out about people HOle IIlIlCII 1/10//('1/ 2.0 page 6 3.i>I" \1']]o\\·I'"es 11 a tr:dIic \\':lrIlell 1:2 a p.1 sounds are: hel lei !II 101 IA/ le'/ li:1 lal/ hoi lill:1 hel lei iII 101 IAI '1'1".g. B //1'11".0 page 7 (. it is important III do tllis cllrr('('th.uur-s ollh . G""rI morlling alld u. or Otlu-r (.. E and 11 145 .!Wfl'.-s\'llabll' words wlu-r« tl"..gillllin.. Tillll' of robhen: :2.. 110 indication of what to liste-n lor."101" 111111 litis is 1111/ ('(IlImgll" L.uion of a pi('(IIJ'(' :11111 a Illore glollal descriplioll of photograpl" ..splanation.nuc-s 0111\ 'j illl(mllal (i inlormul hegiJlllillg with a \"O\H'l. rill J)I". \'Il\\.('(III!d lil«: I" int rotluii' 1/"" I" and till' 1"lm'ssioll /I".1 11) page 11 hllSll\ ('\r!)J'o\\"S Finding out if people know each other /I"re 'I'"! III''' !}('.!.0 page 16 Giying your opinion 1 1/111'1'11 'I I!II'/r/illil'si idl'll illmlll .uul l]{'('d to rxplaiu \Y!\('re pl'ople or ohil. ill!<'res!<'d ill kll()\yillg that S(lll}('thillg ill til(' pic-tun. IIIIf!. 1/""1" 1iI'.l..1't h:lllk j Iliaell.uniucrs and two calldidall's.. Also. stlldellis.'sniptillll that I I' yOIl arc (. \\urds ill ('ohlnlll I all ha\(' tl".i\'iHL!. (('I'ill'lh'd." A //"11' d" d".'-' Describing location '1']"..' status. l Iowrvr-r. last ('()11S()!l.. C anti F D. .:l0 \:1I11tlH'r Sl1slwctS: ::.1 page 7 is dOlllll('d }wl{)f(' adding all {'IHline: Loc.'I . ('. of' ('OIll'S!'.('] sOlllld ill. ."r1 I!tis is L.\Iiss B //"11' d" II"" d". which d"llotl' married or Sillgl."is.1lIt 2.1 page 9 :2 \\'ell :3 \Ialltoll 6 Pond 1 IIart .ht hair / !lOS(' :3g curlv hair --kif ovul / rmuul Llc{' / {'\'{'S .1' 11""1" "(.-\.u«! l....«! sound too lormul for Check the tapeseript (on page 1:291 to see ho«: much of tlu.ir situatiou '1II'a\~' for this kind of .\111011111 sloll'lI: [I'j.L!.. twr: pictures . \\ords is hI.olllparill.irkillg Ifckl't Ail"." und 11'1' luucnt !)(..1/.t task.-S\lIah!e m)/'(Is \\1"..1' I" tllhillf!.3 1 illl page 14 :trllH't! BTl".ult is Ilot dOllhl"d \\. II'!/() /.' rI" 1/"" rlo: ('OIlU'\l: possihl:" two c-x. If"" "" .L!.../""illlfl/lI'" is rat]lI'r f'mlla!.~II\(' aLinll hl'tttoll 9 a g<..jokilJ.'eo'lI! vowr! ill all li\I' \\ords is 1'.fi)/'(./"".\lal'lll rai"'d 11\ I'allk stall Callg ('sl'ap('d 'ill ('ar dri\'('ll Introdudn~ other s()lllHL c.(.' i. I]\(' !"illk c1'-Tks . C inforruul. B /Ii 1111'1"1" (. (..1 page 8 do '/01/ ('01"/1..itlu-r 3.1". the uu-morv load is high.e. it is difficult to n'Il"'III1)('r all tl"."Ir1Ii/.iglll 2. ..1l: \\'jth a \"()\\'t'L tll<'n' is a IOllg '-0\\'('] to h\"{l 111('11 ill 1he' (jlH'II(' .d I" fril!1 ur ~ l." addillg all cllding lw.) 1111' lligl.'II illlmrl//('('(I.III'II.1<1:' ('I"('alt' a Il('. -+ lel/ li:1 lal/ hoi Ijll:1 '1'1". rotten. I.. J)l'lig!lll'Ill" IIW/.• Ii • • 1.e:. e-xamine-r \\ollid not I". sOllll'lllillg 2. . lllistak('s.uuil.mna] e less formal cI less f. 1.I'II iutrodnc. 1'111 1{lIill' rO/llilll'l'rll!/ilI.' A Court //Iorning / (~fi('n/()(/II / (Tl'lIlni!.'{'\ I".e turne-d-up no'" 'ia Ilalldiebar mnusturluDj \\('1] lmilt IOi of nu-dnnu I".\Iiss. :\11".\Iiss .OIlS: I 1'>rIllal :2 li>rlllal :) less I(mllal -J I"" fonllal hilt willi first n. 1)(' CI'lIlillll'II'"s/i'Olli I!II' I{'fi. nl1l1ji/l~.L!.IIOICS.".I ril!JiI-lliJlld sul« as it A lormul: I"\el 'j IISI' 01':\11" alld . I .') t]\('ir :dtenlllllli tll." or f'll'"sl'd I" II/{'. a !')J']nal h ill!. is not this kind of pre".\1.uv.\'(.2 page 7 people and "esponding. .. I{'III'I'). I!Wkill:!.2 page 14 2. :011 sOllnds too !'mna!.information VOIl Illallaged to notedown corrcctlv.'eIJlll! \0\\..\tll1liJ){'!"s Ilsllalh ask for all iuu-rpn-t.1 in all Ii\(. ddail alld t]ll're is not ('Illlllgli timr: to writ« it all clown.uu! I!II'/'I'. 111 olll. lill'. tIH'n' is a short vowr-] souucl. 2g/(' strai. Pictures of the same person are: ).lIleractioll.g. /I(/(!I/"" IIII'I 1'I11'!1 "I!II'I" SOlllllls r.OOI) . /lllIst e'presses a lngieal e.uion of hank: I(illgstoll Iligll Sln'l't Sllggestl'd t011l' 01'"'PI'l'SS. ----~ Descrihing similaritu-s and differenee'.mnal e less !imnal sOllnds abrupt and too inlimnal.ta\\'a\ dr 10 d'-II."is 1'1'1"J'iJ1/(1. 2.0 page 8 1.

. park ()\\-llIT 1':' to ('al'II ilion' 1l101H': inte-rvie-w situation to SilO'" tlH' r-x.\ not Ollis lilah.5 helico'pter 6 background chattpr at a parts' -..1IssiO!l.u lmit« qllite fn'(']:' that yOll wcn' \\Tong.0 an' ilion' sllitahl" Ior all ill!(lI"Jt.utiou.1 ofl-Iumduud hi] to d"l "lop till' iutc-r. CfllI . IIwl .g. Admitting that you might be mistaken . tIl(' d(). IlwI's Ilwl IIII'll..L!.'if Ilwl /TITIIO'II' fI:!.lldillg d tllief WIIO is 1.ur: g()od at S ltlakillg hig d('cisiol\s \IOIH':" proillpl('d SiIlHlIl"S decision to Ill0\'(' ill Iq.groulld 2. It looks flS if 11'1' fill fI.g .til{' ('IIJigratioll or ill\{'lligellt pl'ople to allotlwr ('011 II ! tlII1S showin« what tlll'\ "all do ill ElIl'./{'{{king". h cOllSei"lll"''/ e 11I'1I"'it('(1 .') storY / stor"y 6 lIa\\ / floor -.a xtril«: or disruption oJ'SI'I'Ii.J or gl'! a h"!t.t]lI'r pl'LSOII' YOII IIll1St lak. pl:««. f (lIdli:1ITa.) car owur-r that von might possiblv ha\c mad" a mistuk«. possibil to lnlp ('\c!lallg(' goods Civ.2 page 18 It Icollid {{/'/}('flr Ilwl II'I' fin' ill ''()In/.. aucl Commenting on something you know nothing about l luu:« {{ s. Fair .: /I/(' (11/11 tlnu:' is tllOn' colloqllial and wOllld Ill' llsed ill all iulnrma] (·oll\rrsatioll.) Illatlls () AllIerica -. k I~ \\llI'tlll'r.'asihl" . \11 righl .J 3.0 I" page 24 2 I> .' Sllllllds ratlll'r disll. It "o. to run an'T.1]('11 add.L:.'SllIlI.rt J(lI' 111<'111 <I trip ill a IlIll <lir "allooll.!. I'is fri./ (' gall.'l'l'lI/li. II SIlIJIJOSl' uour« car hrokr-u dO\lll .gest in that IUUI- u.ixt hilt "'pITSSl'S a \rl":" strollg pr('!<'f('lllT.. 111111.n'./ witli a pri\'at(' t{'aeller.'i dej"cted ~J r"sist \n' "\\ '(' (']J])('(lr ill (/Ur(. lOtI> all no\\d larg(' l"oothdl . This pn'I"lIls rillu-r stUd('llt : --J- {'lIlplo~d. tllis .illg a!olH'.' II" h"'I" ill 10111. rOll'rl' (Illite rig]«...' sounds rather d"fpatist and would bc llSl. \F/llil II. .<.-mail it'1"l'!rolli" IIlaill '"l1llislt'llillg to till' Finding oul if everyone agrees \\'1'11.II. ". sound..I(>nnal situation H"oult! 'loll ('{/rl' to ('O/lIlJ/{'U{ Ull .g."d also ol1"lId till' l.~ [ n/llsi aclmlt it's tho orde-r: sp"akn.g('st that :'011 an' al iout to c-ritici. lilr . h dog ()\\'IH'!" c1lildn'lI pialilll'.tl ('\ckUlg(' of idt'as.addn'ss SI'st"1I1 sllpentlarkd or d(var11l}('llt S!()]"(' sOIlI"ls lik.kllow / 111' .].'ill' i 1'01lrt('OllS."io". (. it j. IH' us{'d 10 lIail diplolllaticalis to dra\\ a disClIssioll to a cloSl'..uuiu. 3.alII! Silllllll l. \1'/1111/ th« other p"rson has a point./ ] h~ 11ILSilll'SS II aeclIStolll.1 paqo 18 Irmn (.:!. .12.: stlld.(.-r \dlat \011 "all ~Io. oil or lallding airport possibh.{llltilllling tIl(' C{)IIH'rsatioll ."I poillt or "it'\\". 2.' "I' "11'1'1 oppmtllllill ill .S I 2.r joll .. I re-porter aircran tablll'..«: SOIlI('Oll(' or SOil It't1 lillg..issil" . If till' e-xamine-r has askl'd \011 a . l'ossi"I" h'l "ords <lrt' III<1rk"d Oil till' t<lp('s"ril't Ull page t:. A finallcial nvort al)(Hlt a (.g it stick I()].. are all used to sll. word Stl:('SS or 11]('allill.d at th" "nd of an argnnwllt.g.'('ssill~ all iuclividual ill a more!()r111al sitllatioll' ('. tr\.Y l lllatiis alld ('Olllplltill. allot lu-r "1111'10\('" is 11I'ing "all"d. a T\" intr-rvir-«: wit]: a politi"iall.) \11 :\11 BB(: alld 11'1' illfonllal. c.11'f1' (/f. .s/'idon ilutt conld Sll.'n' (/gr('('r! 01/ .. [tlllip[ lil.rat!(' '.1 page 24 is ottr-n usc-cl 'Y!H'II addressing a g.s .1Ill'r \vllidl sOllllds rat!){'r too fOl"lllal Ii)]. Ill' d prul'('ssiollal .Lms scrpallling at a rock COllccrt H \\"ashing lllachillc spinnil1~ q glass snwshing 10 a dog barking Thes" ar" till' possih].n'(' I ('ould allIl0111\l'('lllt'llt sit\illg Ilia! a sllort IlCllida\ ill J )ollalld "il] ill"'"'-!" all "\('lIrsioll to SIT tL" hllll..i]dr('II's pialgrolllill 2.l pn)\!'d 2.u: impnrtaut fooll""] IlIatl'l .(' sO"/lIls like ~ nOlin. CSI' a dictioll'UY to clll'"k till' lll"allillgs.'s 111Ir! .3 page 19 I Iflk./ witll a "Olllllll!<'L or practical ('\pni"llcI' ill th" workpla('(I: trainillg wi!h a small or large group of 1'''01']''' + adj('diH'.\tlllIJ}el'd 1"'lIn/{.' alld Yo/{ 't IJI' ."r/1 like fI plfl"l' )'ollllds (IS ~f + s{'ntl'IlCl'.. ('OIISlllt killd or dis(. / seas / s('('s :3 tl'ar / til'r -t roll / ro]" .!"n'l'/!!l'III. f)idio/{{u"!..~. souu.I/!l'III. ICt' 01/ n'wards :2 gritill :1 !H'dg(' ~ nToilillg :') poor (-) \agl](.s ]iI" dilli"I"t !'"' till' 1'\<lIl1illl'r."'s :? mot orist traffi« possihl:' a 1lIOlol\\'a: \Vo"ld '10" IIgrl'l' «ut. I" . So Il'l.s 10m l'klll('(IS of SllC('{'SS! tJlnl\\'ill.I. a llH't'tillg. training Speeulating about whal you hear SOUl/d).-I"I'...) .L!.\ I'rtllt'st allllllt 11I'ol'l" IlI'ilig 1111'1 'atl'lII'd \l'illl {'\ictiol1 l"r()Jtl tl}{'ir IwltH's \)('('<lIIS(' ol"a prop{)s('(11I('\\ road.nw / tll'rollgll q \H'ig!lt / \\ait III IlI'ar / I.' sp"lIillgs of till' words Oil th" tap". .'1011 lein.i g1Jarallt('(' . Th" IIII'!hods ill th" pictllr"s fill' cOllll'arisoll ar.lisll.Ol1 are 111lSl1re ahollt tIl<' pnlllllll('iatioll."..\\'s 12 p"ar / pai r / par" 146 .' a Silllpll' cout r. \\"atlll'r "' I.'" Ilo"r I'il'les 0".' is colloquial am] "onc"dcs that Suggested allS\H'fS are gi\"('11 Ior eac!l c-xtruct ill c'. 1'011 can llIak" \'Our 0\1'11 suggcstions about where yOll lnight h~'ar tlwlll.!lOOSI' / eh. SO. . (~((.{' . e..' II"I! right. car" oltc-u usccl ".Ls "llI'n' till' lIo\\('LS art' :\11 .u«! tOIlI' oJ' a pulilir..(). "'p"l'l"d.() hatlkrllpt.2 page 20 llfeakillg into llis car Exprc·ssing I' ...0 page 23 Finding oul ahout ('orrel'l spelling a HC()lIl1l11Hlatitlll sOlllHI ratlH'l: il1slIlting alld disliliss th(' other p{'rsol1 '..Hhrrt lilr a 11t'\\' \.I."lIlt lit ('lllhanaSSllll'lIt g "Olllpar<lhll''/ 11 ~ d""..« abou! Ilo.' slr(IIJ:!.(.111\ oftllt's(' "'onls.~nl\\·ll./.art' II ..11 witl.h(.1 page 20 1.g.nnl I mul lu-mutic« :2 (:Ilic(l.'.111 do '10" iliiul: . .0 page 19 3.0 COli page 25 a('('(lltlll}(Hlati(lIl Disagn'eing polilely rOil IUllsl IJI' jl/kill:. tl.(Jlllpilll: alHlIJ! lo .Key • Module 2A Asking for the opinion of others :\/111 C(lIJ/Jl/cJlfs./ or !lI'lI"'itt"d All th" ot IlI'r I"pn 'ssiollS art' ilion' diplomat it'." 1I'IIII!"s '10111' 0l.'('(/rell nu:' l lrnrnt {{ ..'no"gll. SOlll/d)· {IS ~f is f(/lkil/fl. 1 ellgag"d tclephon" signa] 2 pn"ulllatic drill :3 Ia\l'n llll1\\pr cntting grass "' car brakes s(T"cdling .1 page 17 3.'ifi: till' iutc-rvirvvc-r said III' \\as part ofllll' 'hrain drain' -.L!.'opardiSl'.J to Oil ~!.·fe'·enees TI/('n<~' I/O ('O/lIJ)Ol'isO/I !WfIU'l'lI .l'lI'stioll.) sports ('tl!T('SIHlIH!('llt !.' of COli/{' 10 tlnnl: or it '1011 /!Iidll 1)(' riglll In.g. SOIlIl' n'spllllS" will I«.o \\'/.1 I page 24 illlpossih]" lo rt'sis!.'. t ('ciling / scalillg :? S('i/.mu possibh a car park car O"'lH'I' apprel){.g.illlS"I!' said ·tlll' IIlOIl{':' orkred til 11](' ill AIIH'rie.'ollp of 1'''01']'' ill a mori.~ call do din"rt'llt jo"s.!..li{'\. [/'{lIln'l '1IIllI:!.gu :) -. .WlI1l11ICI{'.'-.{. IlI'ar" c1.(' .\ 'xlnn-clowu' strat. xit uatinu."ds I" lISillg . car al.rl" ../ i .'d . at a larg(' st()r(' crackl" .' 2 LISTENING 1. till' (hjiJ}·tI ./ SO}/U'O/ll' These ar" thc sounds..ollrs('.

'. IllIl'oli.a dlllp sit<. .~ Brilisl.g .tl till' lixtcin-r lias not lxc-n doillg tlu: rig]Jt tllillg.\'l'd (df ill CIIC. alltl \Jinllt'sllta .('Ltg.' IIIlIlrs ..J page 33 IItlll'r 1I:1lillllS :l driv" (V"I'\') q IIk'si:dl 1I11'lIstl T!. 1. DaKllta.llt S til(' gnllllld lIoor tllnT-store: q illtat'l to \"('n' cross it's Ill1fair to\\"IIIIOIlSl' a [':. ('.Pllttingf~)~~~-. 1('11 Ii:! /ai/ IJul Ijll:1 :2 Ira ttl /'ntJnl III '"I('-S\!lahlc worcls with a xliort vum.g.~.'s -l ow.c alld Look. I) For Iurtlnr inlunu.S.· c. I"ss ('(lllllll(lll word.>ul Ipi:':cnJoz! S()11H' IHlllllS ('luHllg ill () 1.l. Idaho. illlp!. 's.llllI<.. 1:2 Il11a.liang" tll('!" lu IF Iwli)('(.ridge or .J SlIlwr .speaker i"i irritutrd.(' 'sporls' tv'P('s Cn'at Lak.llIp" . point of view S/in-l.dycilJ.t/ /bi'li. III words of IlIlIn' tl.) % . :rll()\\'.all 1111" svlIah!../lin'..3 .!nia! and 'sJlg. 'II's Ilig/ilill/i' '/011 did: .0 1 11111 page 34 l'.11 allt! Tnas -I II'('//.) l'S slaks !rmd"rillg (::I":lda () (:lIlclIl. vd1l'1I thr...u//'frall!]1 II'a Will'll "lids ill a ('OIlSIlIl/lItl pillS L l'!1/11 Ig" tl. Sci:« is all "\(. addillg .. Exam practice 1 d"('K "I.<.1 page 26 Ir'cl! /reu/ Silr'lIt 1': Oil th" "lid of a word IlIaK"S til(' v()\n'! ill lront souucl as it do"s ill th" a!phalwt. I./ Oil caril.It'k/ or /..0 page 30 I Bolalld B!O"III lini.Ullg{T jUlllpillg (jll111pillg {rom a high plac{\ IIsllallv'· a l.llt' ~J rlivt 11111 1.. I. or tluit 'l'"! ISI/Oflld) i!.bi('s too fOrJlla1.1lIS\\'{'rs a VClllllg p""p!" OIl s('!tollll..1 page 31 :2 (AI)) :lS:j :j (s"['''rtllarKI'I) plasti" hags -I !tis (lIwlII lalld 5 ili/'lI'Illt'd tilt' alltl.OOO I three hundred thousand objects 11 thanked 1:2 the law' 3. if III(' !asl svllahlr' "lids ill '""' vow... slw!t ..1 page 34 1 Wl'lwnl (>1 )ol'k n'<L orallg('.. .\\('tivitv B FlalT pages 29 and 30 eonld "'"llp!l'l" till' SI'lIt"IIC'" I'd flit' ti ucnu.I. ---- pima! l iut Slllll(' .g..' :lIlt! Olltario :j Cali/iJrllia.. ill eorilli!. dYI' .j page 26 IWiO 2. l'dro/""lIi 1.>'delfn/ \lml wllrds !H'. attach"d to all elastic roP" I' ."ptiull tu tllis rlll"l 18ru:! /r. pr('p('rtv :j all is!alld crt'lisc' -+ a Ir:lrgaill Im'aK C) a th('1I1t' parK () a (.sLllllp"d addn'sSl'i/ "IIH. is dllllhl"d Iwl()('(.111"..at on.1 1B page 31 :2 A :j C -+ C 1.'i.]!){.' !tolidav .'nsiv.e "\lTpt an"r C.[."hitc-\Yater canoeing t ou Llst-1I1OVillg t urhulr-ut rivtrs : () pllt-holillg Ad"ising someone (not) to do something Oil I/O accouul should !/Oll. n (i pot-llOlill.Ix/ \\'11('11 a wunl "llIls ill l'..L l'..>Idl 'I'll(' 11'l1"r V IIII1SI alwavs Ill' l'lll()\v'('[lllV ( p!IIS a v11m'!. 'solll)(ls and SllIlll'w.l SOIIlIl!.".ur. riud/cd.\ hilt III(' sOlllld 1.Ildille.ilill('d Hill/In III I'ilill gn'{'II.111."dings to klTp tlu. hIlJlg('{' . 10 /'kwnr. \('I"\' 5 /'nnlldi.xouuc] is '".'s Ill' 'sllrtl.jllJllping and . S Ifr.2 and 1.>ut! Ipi:'. c' sllnnds ./ ill I/lI'ir rig/II mitu] uouli] tlunl: tlut!. I':ri..I/is/l'l/d 1m \\'as!lillgto". this 01lc! 10 more. (.'.olliplaill U a ('. gas li."s /) prop"rtv () its (']oslln' . .-r :-0111' O\V1\ st('aJlI e leaving all V IIIll' troulilcx 1)('I..'li:1/ /hr'li.cn.2 page 34 possihle .~ :Il']'. "i()llIHls too impersollal <lilt! 7 ]..u io» I .od.UIHTa -.IpJ't~ttJol Ip.'itll tl\(' SOlllids /.Module 28 • Key 3. til(' ('lldill.i1ld von 3.g.!"ir"s 1111 C.~ Ecuador 4..g.) Swiudou lIoI.\r('h.vl.1llS\\rrS a \1. .~(I. AIIlI'ri"a l'S stall's w!liel..0 ..air sl()\\"h . a tc'lllrist trip 9 a f1\-drfvC' h(.s to l!lahe til(' It .Ullpl('.\1'.i-.g.I'dtmal tom . fJ"flrl'l!iJli!..!tdav 10 a rillllill trip a ('O'Lst!.)('(' addillg .t (J."S tJ.ia :j .gillilill.\CC..' sOlllld lsi is w.>'tett."!I".'"p III(' lillal I': wlll'lI addillg (.e...'w \!. II/(' ('(~f. I'ri"lIdlv ()II{' III (Ill(' 1latiClIl / {'()IIlltr\ / t!J(' SallH' 1.(} In Iwli'I is all "\I"'plioll l n'('(J/lII/If'//(! \\"itlL for ("./O" .~nothe.vohl/ /'nJutISJol/ K""p til(' lina] wll('l1 addillg .g \\'illl a \.v/ I Iwl.it t l u. ill activiti"s alld dotllt's d . \11I11t/llla. lor r 'You'd /)(' cur::'!I!wl t.l/ /'l11aIi'd.lr and a\"{)id "lispr~)Jllllll'iati()IL I/(N'illi!..d sllhscriptioJl an"r.} ('o]ollrs fJftlJ(' raildH)\\ {'. . 't<'{'llagc' st:·](' lallgllag('.IL.\'1' Iw('st to "'Lst) !r Sl:F or (Slllltil til lIortlll l!SF 147 .lsi or Icl/ SOlllllls Oil words "lIdillg ill C/': und Cl: ([.\."di"g Ilt'gillllill.d S\\'illlllJiIl. (:1111111111111v 1IS"d words assilllilakd into EIlglisl1 add F .g ...()\\"(.)k/ arc h ~'atdl\' and alllusing aHit<'ratioJ) alH! r11:"llJing.ll..1'\ :2 anlT+ 1'..) a (1""'-s!lar.g.1' Boliv ia /lIltll'araglla} ."tl"lSiast. s()lIJ1d illSllltillg.. )""1 /c ll/ /elvz/ 10.~tllt' !()()t! () (.lIdillg Illdl'SS lH'gillS \\illl I./oll 1'1/11'1 ''<'rtill/ I)('/il'l " ./.1 K.. /JOf(/{u('. (. Ilia/Ill. !ronln \I"\ic'o .'. .>11 l'kvmr.2 i page 32 1 !tiKing :2 pOIl\-t n 'KKing :j divillg --l hot air hal1oo11ill.' /'8. 'sortl. :j /konsi. add S {'"g.1 page 29 '1\'/.rarttl tll"ls S dig IIp D d""lan' t!t"ir disc'ov"ri"s a :2 ti('Ks b.d ill!clrJllaL dlatt:".' ()}J}J()Si(f' add FS ill til(' c: (:os( tlutt cnu ~./ n'.0 page 31 a having a !rail h tran'llill~ around und. 1.uu-. addilrg all .!c' tlu. hilI 'IUllli'lIlI/ is all "\('''ptillil. ..Yol .oriti"s () prOSl't'lltiOI\ .. I':L.gcsts t lr.-itkll C (-) a.\'.. .)('(' F.[Ull]..+ oHi".Iltlll lId!".'\i(. viII!'..'lpllls L.." till' "llIlillg Iwgills wit]: F.0 page 29 3.last «onsonunt !wfor(' addillg all cllding !WgiTlIlillg with a vowe-l. Luuiliur 1.II' I'or !aK"s SnpnillL \li('llig/lIl. c-r. clou 'I ..". .g.'j S\'ll(']lrollis(.. ('. .g.') til I!wl.!" luN'- 'lc)II()\'~ trl'llds \'O\IIW tn'lIdies ill \~'llat i': \UIIII{r p('ople \dlu lih(' to faslliollahle. 111('11 till' I.illst add S. c!/('l'. hiTI/ Exam practice LtrllH'r page 28 2.4 page 30 SlIgg('st('d .. (fCl' '\'jwrls (' walling ('Il'i.. illdig() alld I.~ ti('Ks (' -+ ti('Ks d:2 ti('Ks " () ticks f:2 ticks A!! th" ill!'l1'lliatillll is wli'!T"d to sev'eral tilill'S hilt the illiportant infcl1'lllation vdlich it wants th" Iistl'lIn to r"""'III!r"r alld Ire attracted IlV' is r"peated 1II0st often ~ this is part of the scllillg technic!'l('.ll!idavs 1I hk"cdJlllIl hknlll.. i."tlalld .than I ove-r !300.>1 Tll('n' is 110 rule. I)·orilli!.u-rohic-x alT unutiouc-d. e. c\riWII/l.'d ha('k-ta. [I() a dav D Balln)(lIl'l dall('illg III \lidd!"Sl'\ ~ Oil 11j()lIlltaill roads .e.>oll /nxi.\/lisl .g {.

'ir/~/ !. alll]().0 page 35 I disapprm(' ~ disapprll\" :l al'prm(' .}.moved illlo a plac(' or I. flfuir!!/ !. l lil«: rlwu'"-\ Ill! dOIlI)1 iii /l1//lJliJ/(I'I'!/(/ls(!('I"IT 11/(/1 + S('llt('ll('('.i1lg.rl'tali"ltioll ap()('alspsl' ('('pal .3 (al 1 -i (al.Jr(' 6 Americans like I)('illg asked personal questions.J 1I1'IIlrai fi disappro\'l' ."t l)('callSl' tll('\ rail to realise tlu.3 tlw ('Illp!():"l'(.!.(' ~i . ~J.g('s!t'd \\'ortls to IJi.0 1) page 45 ~:\l:\ 3.1.jol" 10 eOlllrihlllt' to til(' 1"'"Sl.{ .. 1-\!w/{/r!II'llw -\/lrjJ!'is('(/ I)('i'll c(fl"ryill!-!.Key • Module 20 2. al tttost ('{'rtaill I pare-nt :2 doctor l U'('ll<l1!:('r 7 "ide() .3 ] fill a] ~ I.1 .~('1"lll}(L ("'~' jJf(fyill(. ' lfi-21 Llll"ss all vour fri"lIIls an'.!il / iF t Sf'IlI<'I}('('.I" adll.~('st('d I I/"'I/Id" '( Iii' :.-.!.d 3.II/{" nthliis}:' sOllll(ls ubrupt and rud.0 page 44 agnTs to thi1lk ahollt Il('lpillg.'eed to pay n-ut. 3. polato.11' 1-!. ' (: Persuad~' hilll mrr a period or tilll(' to do \\'hat she """lIs. Iri('IIILs~ sholll~II)('~ill to \\'orn- S('riOll.!. Il II<.sk -' 6 Yes 1 B ~C :31) .lIlg<' 2.al is II". 1) Ask Ililll dit'ectIY wh~' !II' won't do \dJat S]II' asks.-rsutioual sl\'I. . dil'l"""IlC(' Il('t"("'1l girl. '-/UI/W(' of + .0 I.· len til(' mutter 01"'11. 2.-+ . (: II<. ". I dOI/I.!2. Co. ('.uu SH~.l.~docto]' H t('{'Il'H.3 on/I')" n'IJ/(f('('IIIl'lIls () ~/OIIlU. 1i'('1 Ililcollde.'sadls \\'hat she \\'allts hilll 10 ..""ds I'orllial alill rallll'r ill'l)('rsolla!. ( .s I 1I1~/ childrru :2 YOlllli!.3 (al () 6 (al . ..Olllp!t'li(lIIS ill'l'rollalll(' 1'1'111' polic('II"11I is 1101 lISed.I!or! A Sll.~."h'l' 1~J-+II Stn'!'! IS~J.' 'l'o"ld / .10. -\1IS\\'I'rs I. ill all\ order (1 is !lot llsedl till' s('('()IHI (.licl/l illrilill. cOII(.3 .11"0/1/ ))!lolo'\'l'J/silil'c l'jJi!"jJsy' :3 rnut slojJ Tlurr» uj.2 page 40 .II//I('\ /1/1.ur. 1 1'.ldight .l liol"lIt .!.0 page 43 : Talking ahout ccrtuintv.. possihility and improbabilitv..at vnur lillllil\ and / or friends la]king about all tfll' tillll. F(J".) slridls () !lotTO\\ I Iw('( IIJ/(' / 1)(.'seript Oil pag' .' rJJl !Jll/IIU! II! f!UT("\. I) ('xciii II:.1I1's IIlw.!. ectcd statements It Iligl"iglils til(' dil'l"""lle('s l)('t\\'('('11 I/Ial<' alld li'lIlal(' stdl's (II' (.".2 page 36 3. ~ D Ask him directly when she call exped a contribution.2 page 39 ~ Correcting what is not accurate 'U.1. I. ."5-() I' I. Il Cit'ls gl'l tlJ('ir 0\\'11 "a\ I" making suggestions.'st' (I'J('StiolLS..~('nlll(L ('..Ti/l(.'s" /\ Boys gi\.lIls\\"('rs '5 The British are happier using a pcrsons first name.ist(/rica] :3 apoca]<ptic -i eapahilit\ .'~ 11-1:) Y'"I art' a reasollahls "rll-adjLlst('(! 1I11'1lI])('r of 0]]]' n'-ohses.tioll rl'l"]iat. fi-lO Do \'111I 1I111!(']'stalld wl.rel'J('lalllls ag.'hat e\treme' 148 .) (. e: Give him a deadline to prodllee the 111011('\'.!.1.!.3 (hi () Ie) (e) 3..'r.u-tun-r .1 page 36 ('.1 pages 41 and 42 Interpt'eting past ideas It is U'(/.0 and 3.. .1 page 39 . Tlurc» ". UIIIi'('()/II(' 1'/11 houucl 10 + inliuitivt. Exam practice III 1lit: ~C3EL\ page 42 . 3.0 page 35 A Suggested ."idl{ .~ \'id('o m. disapprll\" ') al'l'rm.l'tlla]1s' (i e(lkll". B Politelv telll.) la) () (hi ~ .! sis "reb.!. Girls an' mlll'e Iikelv to 1)(' asset'live !I. ".r '[uunau illlt'.3 YOII an' a T\' L".3 Yonr alltipaths to tl']e\'ision is sOlne.!:('r lin "I"ol"/i'!J1 conrhurtl (I".md 11 III'('ded l'lltlllgillg or plItting into a dillt'f('lIt ('Olltt'\!.S-IO h d i!.'J A Insist Ihat III' he]ps .g_ deciding wklt to do."ds n's('(frCII I[.j eOlldlld"d rlwrt.!il IU.ted . ~ 2.).l.o(ld n u: / /II. ('..( II'I/{'{I/{'I + St'III"II"".ilits cakll"'.e.I.g_ Ji/f' /II.'ishes. I ~ than l\So \\'I'lls.rtahle lLSill.t!.) Cit\ I ')U:) See tap..\c!l. .is 0"". SOlllHIs too [ormul.o.!.) I) (Il I cOlISole .) " page 45 lill:dit\ 1j fst(Jr~ () () .elp.a\(' .'IIW('I!/IIIII..(/11/1' 1'/11 (t/)so/lIld. Dont \011 I.pretended IJ(' had not heard lur I) II.i!. ~. .]d ('sl)(.t!..illl alld 1. . \\'" / 0/11' i!.at slJ(' has a~ked I. St..~ht 1 Ilow sholl]d IIII' cake slll'p 0\\'111']' gi\'l' orders to till' IIlale "1111'111\ (." TV crazv as \U1l voursr-lf B I B ~ D B I :\0 7 Yes Yes Exam practice :l Yes -i:\o .'l ('(llIl'il/('ed UIIIi''''I/1II' 11/(/1 + s('IlIc'll('('. -i ilion' or less lilir. B Encourage him to he 1110]'(' honest with her. \nIAT YOUH SCORE .2 page 42 (i Y A Sll..~('st('d (.I.·ak.'('ls II(' has 1101 agreed to amll..ile the SOil lias Ill('n'ls ack1lo\\'ledg.ill' ...(lIl\rrsatioll.!:('r () pan'llt I" /jll'i. rll!w~'(!/I/(.ad a [nll-f irur.31) (iE 7\ 'it: UB 2.] ahout pa\illg 3 SPEAKING 1. Dat"s till' pidlJrl's \\I'n' pllhlislll'd'.'ith till' imoicillg.'.1 page 35 1..) \\'11('11 a 1110111('1' asked II('J' adult SOil.3 are (""'aI" fi pili \'1)11 olf 7 :\01 at all'<. h'{'lI'H.\IEA'\S ()-.. (llll ~J 1/ I}(JII. 10 .~..ati.(.IlSl'\."..J (al () (hi 1 h Score Olll' f(ll' each (el (cl :3 (el ..i-I"eI.~i{"(' II/(' {I'I coutracli«! !lOll but ..3 (hi 1 (hl. ls dinT! l'Ollllllands.-s l'IT!! litt/i' (-IUI/l('(' (~F + .\l'iJ<.Il('('d Ii..):\0 page 37 -iC 'ahollt \o'm socia] ]il'". "htt did II(' do:J :\ II<.\'o/luIJ/i' III (/SS/fJIII' I!/('~/ 111Ii/1!.. :) '1'1)(' Ilrilisl."t the ('Illplm'('r assllll"'s Ihat Ill' has agn'ed to I.3 figlltillg .mufuctnn-r mauul.!.1"'11 f!/(~u'-\' or possil Ii(. page 40 (' l' 2. Ilow sholl]d the IlIotlll'r deal "ith her SOIl'J A Insist that III' IlIlIIO]]]'S her .II(. 1101 to 11('11'.!. III III til(' first 1-.li-il.Ulg{' til(' lllotlwr aSSllIlH'S !l('r SOil lias agn'ed 10 pa\ as II(' "ill Ollis 1)(' Ihen' lill' a shorl lilll(" \\'I. T. C Boys gi\(' eaeh othet' options . //0 dou!JI ill uut muu] 2.sl ('tTlaili '-/UlI/O' 3. 1:). B I Il C .~T IJ(/Ii('uls / sl~f1. ('. a l.1IlS\\rrS II'!uIIs(!("-(TII/(/1 al ttlllsi ('( -rt.S vour "I'('si~ghe ~~-~.(·s!(·d illl()rJlIatioll to higldi.·d 1]1(' Il.all h()\'s.'II)(.s' '''I(I bovs couv. j}('oIJ/{' / I / nllr III>IISI'.'I littl. \\'ords wlliell 111']1' id"lItil.. . -.I al'l'rll\(' .ilrll'('1/ S 1I/..g a jlt'rsoll's first nau«: straigllta\\-a\". ' ~ 110\\' TO SCOHF I Score one lell' each . :3.0 page 39 I iloul)! uhctlu: illll"'o!. -i.'. -\lId l. 1'..\!.'d i] pllssil..J (hl.{. 1\It' sp..( \\'I. ill all\ ordl'r ill illl\ ordt'l~ k j .: "III/I/{'" 01 Sll.f'lJ//Iill!.'.'I'(. 1'011 should analvse vour own stvle of speaki1lg caref1lJi\. fi..! soeiets..g I)('('()/I/(' . ripped off :3]l\ t]1I' rdaill'rs.. apl'rm..' <.1('11 Sl'('111 dis!. :\01 ]'('all\' 'J 1""'11 10 gl'ls horillg II lour to / all.

.['0 .: 1/'11 I Sllgg('su'd .0 1. S"l'c!lI'jll" dll"'( (l. 4.'!' a pOSSible 1 '.uul e.: ['1'011 . to S/iIJ/ "I) ..' I didi 11'1 do / lUIS / 11'('1"('.. To ('III'<' illll"ss.g.1I"ls('al'e. COIIIC off it.g.' lll()st {'\pr{'ssi\'('. l. 1. Dif'I''!'('II('('S: II\(' [. .'s 11('111""'" III(' til" I'idllr('s." littl(' opportllility \\'II"ldll'l '1'"1 W/lllh(/i.ed iidiuusuurx luu lnI 11("'" lIil'ed .al "'"lld l"I\"I"'I'I"'.1 page 51 Summing up J)osi('(t/ly.uhalltag{'S of sea w.'.!." poplliar. alld til(' t""11 1".0 page 60 a choiee illlI' Asking if someone agrees YOll agr£'t'. .'}'(' ""IS( 1111 l'< . :2 \ dodor wrot« ahollt til(' .I. ill\"(~llt{'d :2 "'I'Llill.'d .]lailal.1e I!I(/( . "~I'lallatioll.«]. JlII'Il\{'.U' :..'m"ln!'" S \\""tt wOlild Ilal" Ilal'll('".'('allS" tl".a".-c-n di. /"hra ('f(lssill.'s: Ill(' ('IIIIITI. ll«: I'ast Si"'I'I".'o"ldll'( 1/('(/1' 'Cllll( '10" .1 fi 01""'11 \'il'ioria sold t!1(' Hmal I'uviliou.Ii' I)]". it.lllliIlIHllIS.r"l'l a"d rt"le.!. Sa~'ing ~'(HI 3.. ''1'1".!..!. oil."l'. l l ou: I uisl: ' c-an Iw Exp"essing wishes and regn·ts I(ollllj t\1(' Past 1"llmled I" tlu.".'-' SIII'J'I/. I' DefiJ/itellf (Ilis \loltld "ot i"II'l'<'sS til<' ('\alllillf'r as it gi\-('~ .' .i.sin!. Sl".. is / ore isn't fashionahle ICCIII olll reil/I tl/(' ork. ot oIl s()II1l<ls \('1'.'d.u'sti/ll/ o( ulutlu-r .1 ilpr-uicilliu hadut h.lri{)\ls . wulc-r IIlil':llt I".~ . 2.-at to hOI"h the Sm'i<'l 111 issi!{' sitl's'.' .11 a(h-al1L"i~( '( HIS S<"'1I1 10 II(' tl.. is a clllirell ill hotll l.J e~plallatioll.IH"til' II}(H!{'r. 1/111( Surn/ .sibl.1".'( 1/('(/1' . · (I"'!'I' could 1".1" 1111111<111 r.3.s<'aside. ".alli(' S(JllIlds('apt's rf'd('fil1iJl!.Is "I' p""I'I" oear 111". Iut urr: I'""fits (i inll.I\{'rall~.~ II'<'J/( 0"( Icitl."I')]'("al.U1S\\"{'rs Bril':lltOII ill\('lIll'd tl«..cllIl( '10" w.'akill~ skills a"d til(' ('-.liill.\}W (. I"'altll.!.' 2.id'( 1". Sllgg('sts that ~()lIl('tllillg is ('\11'('11)('].' .g.['S.\\'hal 1I01iid Ilal" Ilal'l'('II". (:.)}] do 1I0t ]H'lipl(' hat '011 are hearing.+ \\'Ilal ".(' \Vi~a.o. 111I'}'i' 1'Il"'( 11I1l'<' hccn .~II<'t an' nol interested isnt III!! khu! o(t/lilll-!." illlplies that II .1'" I.~dariall:J .. ~p('akill~(.-ut It is ."d or lIot.1l'I 1'1'lhli. doiu!.\s a "real pala('.."".11' tllis SlllJiI}/(T art' \'('IY illrOrJllal.g{.. dOIl't !lOll .]ss<'tt..!.idll]. I ('/lIl/rllI"t ('(In' less ol)(llIt is r.' Sllgg('Sts s()tlldllillg al'l'''''l'rial" till' d"S<Tibill" til(' dilf..' sOllllds 1('1'\ poli!" illd".I" 0" (:1) .'. two I'0ssi]." SOI'J'l1 -I . 1'111 so '''I'J'Ij.'d if "dlS"'l"""t r<'laliali'"1 Ilad take'li I'lace') . .u this k'PP("H"1.I'I(""d ('(11'1'1'('(1'1.o"d'l 11/1' 1'1/1'.m misxil« nisis Ilad «.idut ill\"IIl<'d tl\(' 11'1\('.0 page 50 I~JII7 1'1".2 page 45 1. 1/11' "rk.llssiClII.'('1 f I'asl (:olldili""al! 1(0111'1.'r tl\(' chllrell l"lS cklll. IJIl( I'll' IIO( .s"I'(' III/III(."1('<1 ant'!" r.']'['"c..!. I did.0 page 58 illlp1it'~ 4.!.\arnillcr H:IY little to aS~t'SS . llH'H!l'rah' llla!.')' !{wl (Ig(/ill.·..i!"('/()rJllS . IralTi(' Sil':IIS. \\'Ilat 1I01iid hal(' Ilal'l"'II.1 page 46 a 2.]'[. .' dis(.I' ~OllJld~ rat!l('r rlld(' alld dislllissiv(' It is jllst pOSSible th.' that this hap]H'lled.'d tl\(' ""11" ililellil':"lll'" as 1111111<111 I)('jll~s'.\ /01'(' '.conld lun» lu-rn It is jllSt p".0 page 48 page 52 2. ('.2 page 51 111\"(. 11Ii.id. 3.!. .[(' 1..al" Ilal'l"'II..J \\'I."dd Iiale Ilapl"'II.alwo"ld I.".(/id Co"ld '10" 1'''/)('(/( 1/111(. 0 (I.<'I"lnl ove-r the I Giving yourself time to think oflc-r 'I lo"ical rc: 4. / 1/I'1'.' ('ollid sOlllld ratll('r md(' if '1'11111 lias stressed toololldk i.) Ilisklric "~plall""lioll public.'ttioll 111.) (i \\'I.r.].<""OIl .fst.1 page 49 2..n«: kH! rClllaill('<! \"('.'11 tllis happ"IH'd · tlun.lili'"lal: I(II"'d or 111111 I n'II!i:I'd."li('. i .. asking someone to repeat something S"I'I'Ij.IJt 1)(' 11.0 I I page 59 Silllilarili.cllII( did 'I"" \I"j. Smell this didld hapl"'1I · O..~)() Illilll1l('s or (Jr!.['1'1)('('11 .ur-r lor tl".uul ii.('o"ld 'I"" 111'1 tl/ll( Ii.uion 5.J Ellter til(' cold watr-r aod drillk a pillt of il.uh"('rti. (..it iou .I'ast I"'rti'd.\+1) :5C I wh.t II.l/t.. altl".10 1I1ilii is I'arl "f' a I'asl ('. 111"'11 s()llH'thillg 1)J'('\('lltS YOll frolll Iwaring.1 ('<I (t(' ''> :2 page 55 Ji'l (//IIlllIr. Bril':htoll Ikacllpil'illr" lI'as drall'll ill 1.1 Brigltloll .£' ot tIll' /lW/I/{.j 11/('1'(' lI. I uoultl '"'11'11". ". liv.11.) \arl('t..['1' IWI'II. II""I! II'() id.' ({II tile rul-!. :1 t('!qlllO!W allS\\rrillg lludlilH' -~ S<l\r £::2:1 IIIOllt I. illl{)rlllai..J B.0 page 47 I uisl! . wouk! Ilal" hal'l"'''ed if Ihe US had earried ""I its thr. . Sm. i I'asl 1'<'11'.. is / ore 0/1 tlu' r({I-!...]tIl<'r a]. lrccn .1 page 60 01' \Va"s of linking eontntsting ideas 1I111"olll':l. allho"gll tl\('I' e""ld both II(' IIwd 10 add illl'JI'lllatioll to whal has al]'['a. IJc!n'l'l'. polhlt".. 1)1i'11'1"~ afC ilion' Politd~' Saying something--Is (in)apl'ropl'iall' I rcoll/rllI't I)(' S('('/I rlC({r! ill.'( 'I"it" l'Il(cl.~ a(h-(1I1ta~('s l.11 ii's diflicllit to S<'" wl\('II.ilili.rl« had d"I('I"I'.!..'d if tl«: 11.II 11("'" said.1'(''' · 11/1'1'1' iuust 1111['(' IWI'II 3.lltO!\ I ('(lIdd .'-Oll \'('1'..u would \. I ('o"ld. car. I casll 1111111' S""1 :2 Iral('l alanll ('1m.2 page 54 :2E .1'1'1111.\'011 Oll. 149 .\!.l( '11!. happel\('d if the 1!¥i:2 Cuh. coulc! hut lIO! uoulil.Ie/wI lUI. .mim. .h'('!]"(lllic 1110d('fl1 classi('al . a"d 1IIIII' II".2 page 56 i lH'!(l]"(' a pt'rs{)llal Explaining how you feel about something '("IJ<' I"I/"'I( / Till' [act is are "ftc" IlS('d '('ClIJ!('ssiClII'. 1".1.·s.'d ii' IIla"ki"d lr. 1IICld('1"1l 1111l.('lw('lI.(' (It tl/(' Jllo/l/('III:' I h(/(' (II I"("IT"I'( IJIII ..'-' ('''peds tlllS\H'r ~Iaking !I('. () \-. \\'ar l11('IIHlrial.' TI/{'rc'.1'<' sl"." sOlll"ls as if \()}] are tr:illg 'to pl'r~t1ad(' SOIlIt-"OI1C to agrc(' \\~ith "Oll.Module 3B • Key 3.1 page 54 the 3. S()IItl<!S \'('1'\ ill!()r1lla] alld ratll(']' dislllissiv('.itlur a TIl(' pidll]"(' ix . Comparing Oil (I/(' Icl". 1'111 "'"'J'Ij.. to shOl\ "Il 10m sp..2 page 49 · 1111'1'1' cant 1".OIIlJJrlri.u«! tl. .'s.(I/I'le" 1I("dd II(' less Saying something is is 1('1'\ "ld-LLslli()Jl<'d.i.111('1'1' IIIIdlillll.'d if ot lu-r . .

slI" was Ilie el Il'llIist 's sislt'r.IIt.u«}.) pn').'slioll: din'('lia".a 11(('llIlll'r ltd' Lilrl/li/illl'/') / {(I"lltlll'rs D COl/trwt..'rlI) scf( 'lIt isl h s"ielltifie .) too litt !" alIolil ') 1'1111 a\\'<1\ n'(lllt'st I()r hrllslw. alld Ill' w(lIl'1 st'IY" Ilion' 111.!.uv d"grees and prizes. Illakilig plllltngraplIic plat"s (i carholl prilltillg Lllllili. 1./. TIH' otlu-r pit'l un .1l in Imp with SO]ll('OIl" who n']lIi.'II'il\ ('(lIlllllt'r('(' 4..oi/l.I'/S (US).' J)\ am s!ll'ak.t castle ill rural Fr.St' of :2 Ill'lIlla]J :j I till' "I. 'J Edison was the first persoll to crealt' eledri" light .1 II) page 70 :.1 page 68 2.'drie iroll (jll. sl'.' I'o"kd \\'aleli fi 1I'((~.ui t'lItlll"i.\ is 1101 I(('('dt'd.'('I'lli'l{(t' IkLl\atioli tal"'s Yoga .slI()\\S a 'n'e\'e]ed' e\dist alld xt r('sscs the i ruport. lx-Ior«.\' illSI('ad of 11i(.1 page 73 ]() l'iIrl'l'r illstl'ad of l'iIrrin I 1'..!s..' H 'th.lIlg('d 1. s]. !Ias Ill'''" "!.'('tri" ligllt Illlih .I((illl'd illslt'ad of II'((~..!2.\'/{pporf suggests you an. \ . spoftl'd ridill.Fnul(.lll o!"c()/ltr{fc!.md ]ll' had ohtuiuc-d the p.'sllilIilioll lor tlu: I'rt'SS."rs''('llt...icds (1j()\111 . B page 70 () (. I Sail 1 Cra\ (or Crt'\) IL '\I) like B()llIL (:()]ogll(' . lit' was ()('('asi()lIall~.nur-nt lamp. 150 . 2. f\t-~uin~ a/!..! \ din"d tst'rlil ()rgaIJiz.Ul urgt'llt :) slili/J/wd illslt'ad Of'"iIJIJi't! --I.' IlllH!"] t IlIon' t lrau juxt a IlalldsOIIH' B \('fu!Jil' ('\('rl'ist.I mill I'd ...uucnt lamp.'sl al'l s"allda! \.01' Ikrg"11 .S shortiiall] 10 'Tastndas' !) !ollgilall] 4.\!.s.'t'l' alld look ]ll'ttl'r It(('llta! alld 1'](\ sica! l"oll)l'li"atl'l1 ! dil'fie..S forcig11 Ll.) h '\ 7 '\ Ii Y Possihle <lIIS\H'rS III tlie elI"]llist's \\IIen' Ill' \\'l)]l"d .tt i()ll :j tlI. \ears ill jail.g tllroll.\"rolIie "\( 'wis.0 page 67 4. -I lie improved Edison« desigll lor a car].-1- I'rojt"ds (..\'f.uul . hiu: \('1'\ oltr-u.' \!".' s. . illslt'ad of /((omll ('ollipalli('s h \!"iOII \!olllltailLS .S I 2..('aI'S I()r al !"ast 20 I sll()\\'l!rift .Hlcd him of his \\~ik.1 page 71 rill rlcur! ([gail/sf S0111HIs \('1": I rt'll//.\.\ had neve-r s"ell all elcet]ie light 1m]]. H l uloruuit ion \\'Ilicll ~a\'(' (']I]('S: '..' 3.2 page 73 3. . TllIlllllJill!'.1I1\iOII. I I latt 'rials (.llt.'ad of ill tJllalits or iiI(. TIll' lIa"kgrolllld lias 1""'11 "]lallg".) 'till' lIigg.!oeal!ll'ol'l" didll'tst".'O/llr!/I 'I anulon« informul.3 page 69 !wi(.. A III 2'\ :J( : 1<: .1 page 62 Ar~uin~ for I'd rertaiult] girl' sOIlH'tllill. pitt un: is ()JI tlH' ri~IJt. pati('llts or IJI'oJilil/l'l/l.uu-r.(... sOllllds ruthe-r Speak"r 1 I<: 2Ej(. th.'s to Van Coglil Point I is 1I0t Iltad.rtrnt [or a carbon fil.dt) f''''(tlrt'S 4.'e1 :) dead ~I IIIOIH'\ / ()\('r S. 2.[ til.Hi()Jl 1.7.111 tlm'(' ifill''' \\ell~ 1ll'lla\('d.'r.01' Ikrg"11 starll'dst'llilig pailltillgs alld l'(Ttificatl's (If tllltl]('llticit: to . had died (mel he f. !ater Iliis \'l'ar TIll' title IIll'aliS all e\("'ptiolla!h ""jmah]e hook to read.0 page 64 I Thlllllpilig Cood I".'saliderT. Ilis hat is hluck alld Ill' lias loxt a l.0 page 71 :3 Th.p t!ll' 11101\('\ fi (Ill'tra\('d alld! 1IIIIrd"n'd 7 wur]. Tlw"/"i//i.t'lrollicalh 'rt'fil\("1'.'/s call also I".lII\'as alld all ('as('I~' ()f i!. :3 a top write-r I>le. :) turn the page -I f"r plcasur« ..0 ./o!w illstead .') L'(lllllll('!'('ial t()llr 4 LISTENING 1..Key • Module 4A 3.:.L!.1 page 72 IF :)\ "I) 7B 2( : II': (ill 1. Speak"r 2 til 5]) hll Sp.0 page 73 I: 12 '11ll' \\orst l"lllislllll"111 \II' \'all 1).(lIl" . convovs Jess 2 IIis first \\'if(.L!.\'ii!.1 page 66 sigllifieallth as a r"sll!t of a ]dt('\' \\Tittl']I to.lls or .rl.! i II.1 page 68 2 a t0l' Iltal.llguagc sp"akers () ta!ented 7 (the) language unit manager .lIls ('\"('1' IH'('l1 ('h.0 page 69 COllr.gll 11](' ('()IIlJtr:'sic!(' OIl his "i. Y -I) . 10 'tIl<' ruaxinuun St'lItl'IIC(' I()r !()rgillg artwork» is ollk !i\(.rnl'l' 'I'ill' (Jrgalli/ill.!. Illy .'oldd r"""i\(' eOldd Ill' till' gO\"('rJlor's ('\"('lItllal n>J'llsal \'i(. a lIatiollalll('\\spal"'l':J ()rgalli/( 'd . . is lLSed eo!hHjllialh to ]lleali !Jii!.u«-« .:.()llllllodatc rdlits illl('lrJll Exam practice 1:2 ill!(lrJll.'1 H ]() JJ Llilliliar COIlIIIJ('}'('ial ('(lIllpall: I IS2S 2 IUI.gall('rics ..!.J 1 attack it) Hol .' ilLSt.'\e!.' S1lpport.\' S"" taf'es"rif't Oil I'agt' 1:.apprmillg xouu-out.'lik" sitllatiolls :3 mock~lIp -I tahle .{'S (Frallsis) \\'hite..ad :2 elljo:' reading / find elltt'rtaillill. \po!ogi.J lias craslll'd / lias h""11 \\T".2 I '\ \J I page 69 2 I :) '\ .!. fi I lonor.' -I a elI"lliist ..'d pt'rs( TIlt i(l]J 111I111{1l1ih 4. Tile pic-tun.'\ lOll I I '\ 121l 2. or pllhlislll'd hY.s 'J 3.\ SF Tlu.-\.\' 3.I :) all apprt'lItie.\' illstt'ad ()f.\ proposal to do I (/II//tllillg (/. iIlStt'. 3. 2 I" :3 II ....1'(' and f('SOllHTS. lie f.-.. 01' art S Ill' I'riellds' ~) Creat \\'ar 10 IIpsid" dO\\'ll '\\'!It'll I gt'l I'nlllissiolL I'!II)(II Oil all ..2 page 67 J illlprohah].sli. 7. 7 E ('OJtlp{llli()l1 \\'IIilt'''sislt'r S Ilalllla(111 (\\'IIite) i1ll'rsist"rl U 7 10 !iglil alld eledri"it\ J J first electric !iglit "lIlh 12 S\\all Electri" Lalllp COlllpall\ I:) TlIolilas Edisoll / TOIlias Eddisoll (all\ ae("'ptahle spellillg "OIT('('tl 1-1 hOllol\rs S <: ac('olllll(()(Litio]1 n'al a(..j..!.'akl'r :1 lorm.!.uution (.0 1) page 74 2 .J page 72 f"el.S .ainst 1. l'\!H'dili(JHs d"'/Ji!.'('dt'd.)(..tl'orlr! illslt'ad of Icort! S Ilwrl((/. 2(: II ')1) h(: 711')1" t S) (i '\ .!. (..' . ( :o!T{'d \\'on I.oll Iil.'wing IlIacililll' f las tIl(' t'\"(.1 page 64 (i'\ 7<: S'\ \J<: :) .al((!er Tedllli'II((' Iklasatioll tal"'s Y()ga If hn-ak 11ll' (SO!"IIIII) I is not 1I..]t louolv..' '\11' \'all 1).!I.gCJlllil](.('rJll<lll eitil's \l()llSCS ill lllajor 11 \"ott' 1:2 a IllILS{' \tl\\ 1:3 luroixu: :\ .!t IUII"//li//isl'l'\ or (1'I/1/1/"i/i.+ million 5 Lt".1.0 page 66 2 till' el.' phrases 2 ]iI.of rcL'Y(.

. \\I'icll 1.\" hiogral'll\ "I' hiologist '.uc-.ht\\'r'i\'.5 TASK BANK 4 Ball control page 89 2.mti-xportx SI'"ak"r 2 " d""o IIH'II"U.1.1 page 76 .2 page 85 Exam practice page 80 l :\ .. or I \\'01111'11 an' til(' x.!2yall 1lllt .11 3E '+C)I\ Ih S 4.1 page 81 Fuirl.I I'mr. 11I11""h illls\\"I.lit (1I!H' \\'Ord . too "'"l1l'li"al<'d.) 1 \1 ~ . (tl/{'s" aI''' wild hirds) \\Tcckill" (si'l"llt \\-') ./ --- Saying you'd like to X'TIT in 1/1// uilclc»! dn-aius did J illl([gil/{' I'd..lIts .'.. Sll:fU st s tllat tlu(' sl'"ak"r is sli\'.2 S.3 suoriug (onh one (j '1") \Iaid "I' tl/{' Illist B This illilhil" t" .SOllllds too {'Iltlllisiastic.t 1)(' ahl" to gll('''1l1('.hanllrlll~ollh olle T ill hdl \\hcn a compolllld) .' III 1/('\('1' . rant I'<'h OIl it 2.~ ('ooker:.g.sst'I[(' as part "\(T"is" 2.gi\('ll (Ill tIlt' <:tl.Olll('dy (illi.(. :\ h :\ I". ".:lllll!H']"S -11 (./. Sp"ak"r 1 Sp"ak"r 2 Sp"ak"r :j Sp"ak"r . rill iu 11('0 inintl« ([1"1111 it 1'1'11111/ 11'111/ 'I nutl«: 1/1' 1/1// nuiu].']'t Exam practice page 76 o I militurv' 2 tIH'I'"hlie :j more.aril\) "\"lIts .'d. :) \"('dlal ~ it waxn! fllllll\ ('lllotioIIS 1'111111\.' lasn: /11/" th« ideo.0 page 77 Sp. (d'lIIhl.(cI.nu 'lldH'rs .)\ 21\ H h\ 71\~.llt dim' gratt' ...0 page 81 Bor...+1\.r. ill llllT(' dil1WI1Siolls ]()('ali()lIs 2..il/k I ('ol/Id/il/d tl«: t inu: olTers all ('\('lIS(' for not j()illill~. -~ \rr./ 5 PAPER .) Ior () hour-..) " \1 D h D ./ .111(1\\\ or D not satisfi(. Iliad" D riL!:hts 111 I H '\\ 11 di"d 12 S('{'ll j St '\\ SO\\ IIlaid \\Tift's kll"\\ .+ rccharg"ahl" ('.0 J<: page 84 21 :m .\ UI\ 111.1 1D page 84 2C 5.uur: .'s () lan.\cll/([II.0 page 82 Sllggested aJls\\rrs Sp"ak"r 1 1 anger 2 1/('\ .'ah'r" SI'"akl'l' SI'"ak"r ./ Task Oil" IC 2E :l<: Task t\\O hC 7F ~II 11\ QC ')\ IIiE .'" does not ]11 rtlnnill\'. J thin]: I I/Iidll Iii' ([1. Sp.0 page 80 S"" tal'"s"ript Oil pa\'.' 'II' seeIJI.UH! .~.+ ~p"ak"r . HII1.']' 'r' or 'd" 2 li\'..' . S children's education i'll' apostrophe's" D Sight lIrlSl'l'll 151 . sll\.) :\ . ~) alllH):illg.~ \\rrag(' St'(ln' for 11]('11: I::? J \\rragt' scon' lor wouuu: -1.prognllllltl(' (st't h disal'l'0illl<'d SI'.) . 4.UI."al ""llariti.I.\2.) :\ " " ~ ~ ~) :\ I') :\ III l :\ II :\ . . ('hallgt' lH'I<Jr(' 'illg'l "'press tlu- ./ol/ as]: uioxt )"C!lIl'LUH'(' to join.llll\ I"ss k"""~'~1 tli(' id"a.0 ..'ah'r .~rllllll'" ill ltulv : 1..I .UH! ()-~(/i nu-n or SC(lrcc! corn '('lk.~ . S"/I.) Sp.h"d SCt'1](' 3 Can competition page 92 4.'ssi.1 S ~ II S page 79 . J:j. "\('I"I""h t'ri"d too liard 10 I/(' . ('"rtaill Exam practice page 85 Saying you aren't sure \\'1'11.ii. page 94 . :\ \1 q :\ I aid"d ('"d' pronouncr-cl 'id' idt.utiou - Dislx-lio!' th" old 1"r"ncll - si]lIila~ to frolll '1Ilaill") 1.Module 4C • Key 4.'st that tlusp('ak('r 11Iigill 1]('\'('1' get ronnel to Illakillg a decisio1l.. [ I""" crrtu!n ..) !wr :m ./II.'ah'rh .il«:.) \1 12 \1 .l' l'f()\Y( Is Slu-ldr.1 page 84 hlli\'.uu l .) page 83 IC :'.J d01/'1 rl'llll.althm!"h calldidatl's \Hillld 1I0t 1)(' pCllaliz"d I"l' Pllt'Ullg a 11\1'1H'1l ill a "Olllpo1llHI mml of this killd! :3 limhs (silent 'h '( .]\\'ilig fi"ldt:Irt. ~tal<'II/(./ . .1 wor«] SI'"ak.1 I page 78 3.'s""I)(' C Lap\\'illg.'d) ]2 mavhoiu (\(III1lligl.2 page 74 1.'-1101l. lllatllt'111atil'al .' 2. Speaker 1 Sp"ak"r 2 Sp"aker :j ]] irrc-sponsihl« «Iouhl« "r ]H. Ileed"d afll'r 'g'( 5 Installation art .'akl'l' " '1'1](' alls\\'ers an' .~r{'at ro]. .L!:o{)d prO.2 page 78 2. :2 P('r!('('t St'tln': 20 /\\rragt' scon' 1(11' \\'(1I1}('11: [.I'<'./ .S 'violr-n! or dalll<will. i(.~(' scon' lor 11It'11: 2. or all.-\\('ra.0 I 1'.utur.1(' 10 uorl: 1/1''''1/1/' rutliu.'r I Sp"ak'T 2 Sp.'ah'r :j ."IIIS lwr word I lIiglit o da\'s :3 ."' a strtlllgt' 1/11'.-dom Ple-asure- Saying you'd rather not YOIl 1'([11 ('(/1/111 I//(' out' uud It '01'1 o(lllil/g 10 do.d.ilionlcall also I/(' sp"lt scusii isrt].)..!.1.\ S\'110llYl11S 3.1 tl/(' '11/('stiollS.) \1 4. roll lour ours so ..

l'id"llt 1"I('ls IS 'I."jolt'lit hlur :3 his l.'j(HlB A vl ultip]« cI\(lic" 'I'H'StioIIS ] B '2<: :m -JC )B hA 71) SB DD B It!ellti!.!.50..1'<'('11 l'.lIlar oll(']H\tTS D 10 most \walltifi1l capital St Pl'tcrshmg H. til(' COIlIlI\('llls til(' sp"ak"rs inal«: 1:\ '2.'" I B '2\lt: ]OB IB "B i<" 4 Theme park page 98 3 Food Task 0111' Task h\o page 106 j(' I (tlll'i hllge 'I'II"II'S .ivt:I ill i~llI'lcit\ C"lltn' / ill (tll('lll('art of Itl\(.") h - 7B SI) 91\ COII11111111iC'atiolls :2 age· :~ illllll(\!.e:s ~ til(' lllajority ux .md d"I('loplll"llt workshops coll"l'tl'd localil \yorking ma('hiIHT~.: .'rica) truusport local people / cclebritics 3 Two-star chef page 102 -l unique: .2..( S (i S D Iklll('r U llil ersill 0111' thi«! / a third / II:) ofa SI""ll.) page 97 .J till' follollillg dal :j n 'still!.illg Task our.stliliia 'i I I'.'il': page 105 IA DII hB poor ('olour vixit »: :2 .ru pailltill. i u: 1'2(.II '2t: :)1': Task t\\O hi 71" .ratcd / ('llli.l.1I1H'raS h\'() / :2 YCars . II di.\ (i(' \II 'ill 1<: DB "I) WI.'i slaslll'd sel('ral ('."it 'ardl :l ['2.2.'s 2 Saving Australia 1C '21).'d or sc: lOA 7C SB DA B \111Itipl<.I " (i S ~) ill till' TOII('rs / park litsl'lfl indoor (l'hildll'II'slplal area )'l'lI'r nahhit 11'(' SllIlIl thl' I LIIlIlll'd l lou«: wlu-u vou I.000/ a .rah'd ito AIIH.d a(.uncoat 4 Coping with the unexpected Task 0111' Task 1\\0 IB (iC '21).'al" r. '''I'll t Tr.t.'j sllhj('('ts U!I tl«: c-urricuhnu / c-nrrioulum Sllhjecls (i traillillg .hts{'l'ing ia) LLH'II'I'liparh rcf'T"IlC" uumlx-r D.)) -IB page 101 . 3 Baltic cruise o page 99 .Key • Task bank 6A 6 PAPER 4 TASK BANK 1 Brooklyn Center schools' programs page 96 I (the I urban couul rvxidc- -I roblx-rv oC('lllTcd .'2.~ l irownis]: (i IIIOll'I('llml 7 dark<:r .' oouut rvsid« 1 Relationships Taskol\(' Task 111'<1 IF hI" '21. 'S II (aL. / r{'la\ill.walking S th"llll' D EJl\'inlllllH'lItal and scienc(' " 10 SIIIlIIIII'r dal' C'llllpS ~ 2 High-tech spy I ..md agricllitural / rural lifo '2 '200 I'ears / GIO cI'llturi.\ 7<:'iB page 10 1<' DA "I': lOll 152 10 atll'llIlalle.lll\'as{'s Dill din'd slLlllight !O fog..: 7B page 104 :l( : 'iA I<: ~)( "I) : IOE 3 Artist's eye page 97 2 Class distinction A \lliltipl"lllall'l.'I('r l) tli.\ :j\ -1\1 "A h\l 7" k\i 91\ 10\1 ]1\1 l'2A 1:3\1 4 Touring holiday page 103 A \lllitiple choil'(' '!1\('stioIlS 1\ '2C :)I)IC :)1) ht: 7A kB B 1t!"llti!\ tlu 1'01l111\('lds til(' sj)('ak('l's lllak<' 1:\ '2Jl:\H: S:\ hi 7" SJ D:\ W(.) cill OI'ltsid" cahills Oil Tlimsda\( s) St Pekrsburg vnur 0\\'11 si\.Jllli.) (i ~ :l . gross polllltl'rs ill ( :alit('rJlia rq.\.~ n'SI'arch all'anl " proud () Dr Cr('golY StOlll'S 1iocturu..'jB (iA :3 -l . ll:\ l'lJ 1:)0 4 National Asthma Campaign Open Day page 100 :"('ar / spring ::2 n '.Iarkr of a million pounds .il ..g ::IF 7.5 walk togethcr 6 idf'ntif~' the rohlx-rs 7 slimmer and taller S Idecpl'hhw 9 llight lx-forr- 1 Hats L\ '2D page 100 :lB -lB SD hB 2 Museum visit page 99 1 industrial .irhiticlll'apl'l' City robbery page 98 :3 a lorn \\'l't'k ago :2 lOU uu-tns .

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