CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL Asist uni. Georgeta Obilisteanu Lect.univ. Marioara Patesan 1.

CUVÂNT INAINTE 2. LECTIA I - TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV 3. LECTIA II - CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 4. LECTIA III - MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE 5. LECTIA IV - VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA 6. LECTIA V - DIATEZA PASIVA 7. LECTIA VI - VERBELE MODALE 8. LECTIA VII - MODUL SUBJONCTIV 9. LECTIA VIII - MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE 10. LECTIA IX - CHEIA EXERCITIILOR 10.1 Timpurile modului 10.2. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 10.3. Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 10.4. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 10.5. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 10.6. Exercitii cu verbe modale 10.7. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 10.8. Exercitii cu constructii verbale 11. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE CUVÂNT INAINTE Verbul constituie coloana vertebrala a unei limbi. Cartea „Curs practic de limba engleza –verbul" (cu exercitii si cheie) cuprinde o parte teoretica – prezentarea clara si sistematica a modurilor, timpurilor, concordantei timpurilor, verbelor modale si a altor probleme legate de verbul englez (cu exemple si traducere), precum si o parte practica cu exercitii la fiecare capitol si la sfârsitul cartii au fost incluse cheia exercitiilor si lista verbelor neregulate intâlnite in cadrul exemplelor si exercitiilor. Prezentarea teoretica a problemelor este facuta in limba româna. Cursul se adreseaza studentilor incepatori si intermediari din anii I si II de studiu, precum si cursantilor adulti, cu conditia ca acestia sa aiba cunostinte anterioare, chiar sumare, de limba engleza. LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exista doua aspecte in limba engleza: simplu si continuu. In general, timpurile simple se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe actiunea propriu-zisa, iar timpurile continue se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe durata actiunii, pe perioada de timp in care aceasta are loc. In explicarea intrebuintarii timpurilor continue se va intâlni formularea „actiune in plina desfasurare". Aceasta inseamna ca

actiunea a inceput inainte de momentul la care se face referire si va continua dupa acel moment. Exista un numar de verbe in limba engleza care nu se folosesc la forma continua, deoarece ideea de durata e inclusa in continutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike, to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to know. A. Present Tense Simple Afirmativ Negativ I work I do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work He/she/it works He/she/it does not (doesn’t) work We work We do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work They work They do not (don’t) work Interogativ Do I work? Do we work? Do you work? Do you work? Does he/she/it work? Do they work? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune regulata, obisnuita, in perioada prezenta. Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student. What time do you usually have breakfast? B.Present Tense Continuous Se conjuga verbul „to be" la timpul prezent si se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I am working We are working. You are working You are working He/she/it is working They are working Negativ I am not working. You are not (aren’t) working. He/she/it is not (isn’t) working. We are not (aren’t) working. You are not (aren’t) working. They are not (aren’t) working. Interogativ Am I working? Are we working? Are you working? Are you working? Is he/she/it working? Are they working? Present Tense Continue se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune in plina desfasurare in momentul prezent. Ex. Where are you going? I am going to school.

De asemenea poate arata o actiune care se desfasoara pe timp limitat in perioada prezenta. Ex.: I go to school by bus this week. My father is taking me in his car. Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a arata o actiune repetata. In acest caz, exista o conotatie afectiva (nemultumire) sau actiunea respectiva este caracteristica pentru acea persoana. Ex. You are always losing your things. You are always grumbling when I ask you to help me in the kitchen. Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Simple) la interogativ si negativ: Nota: Verbul „to have", atunci când nu inseamna „a avea, a poseda", ci este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast, to have a shower, to have a party), formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului „to do". 1. I love my brother. 2. She talks too much. 3. I understand you. 4. You play the piano very well. 5. I always believe you. 6. He remembers my phone number. 7. They live in Bucharest. 8. He has a hot bath every day. 9. I trust my friend. 10. I have lunch at one o’clock. 2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Continuous) la negativ si interogativ: 1. It is raining. 2. I am having a walk. 3. He is telling the truth. 4. You are typing a letter. 5. They are swimming in the river. 6. My friend is wearing a new dress. 7. My mother is resting. 8. We are studying English. 9. Ann is knitting. 10. The child is learning to play the piano. 3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous:

9. Where you (hurry)? To the theatre. What you (do) on Sundays? 3. as I (not want) to miss the first act. 5. 8. I can’t answer the phone now because I (cook). 7. She always (borrow) books from me and never (remember) to give them back. You (like) this book? 8. 1. You (go) to work every day? Yes. He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea. 5. How you usually (get) to work? I usually (go) by bus. . In England it often (rain). He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) him. of course. I always (have) a rest after lunch. as usual. 1. Secretara tocmai bate la masina un referat. 2. 2. 16. Ea merge la cumparaturi sâmbata. Cui ii telefonezi? 13. The manager can’t receive you now as he (have) an interview. 1. 14. except Saturdays and Sundays. but now I (take) a taxi because I am late. 3. Ea isi face bagajul. 4. 4. 1. I always (write) to him on his birthday. Adesea citesc carti englezesti. De ce deschizi fereastra? 15.1. La ce ora se scoala John dimineata? 11. merge pe jos. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 6. Duminica el nu se scoala devreme. 2. I (be). You (dream) at night? Yes. Nu-mi place cafeaua. Ce carte citesti? 10. What you (think) of? I (think) of my mother just now. Ce faci tu in zilele libere? 12. Eu nu studiez seara. Ce faci? Citesti sau privesti la televizor? 5. I (not like) that boy. 3. Who you (wait) for? I (wait) for John. I (dream) every night. 2. Why you (smoke) so much? 4. 6. Iarna ninge. El nu merge la scoala cu metroul. You (write) to John now? Yes. I (not go) shopping because it (rain). You (know) what time is it? 4. 2. 7. 6. 7. but he is late. Acum imi fac temele la engleza.

(Anul trecut am calatorit in Anglia. Past Tense Simple Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei – ed in cazul verbelor regulate. Afirmativ I was working We were working You were working You were working He/she/it was working They were working Negativ I was not working We were not working You were not working You were not working He/she/it was not working They were not working . Este timpul de naratiune. Ex.Past Tense Continuous Se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to be" la trecut (Past Tense) si adaugarea formei . forma II. Ex.) D. cu perfectul compus. terminata.ing a verbului de conjugat. forma III – participiul trecut.) Last year I travelled to England. Ex. terminata. C. (Ieri am mers al plimbare. Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I – infinitiv. Past Tense Simple arata o actiune trecuta. Se traduce. efectuata intr-o perioada de timp trecuta. Când merg la mare imi place sa inot mult. Clientul tocmai isi alege o pereche de pantofi.Paste Tense.17. to speak – spoke – spoken Afirmativ worked I/you/he/she/it/we/they spoke Negativ work I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not speak Interogativ work? Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they speak? Forma prescurtata a lui did not este didn’t (I didn’t work). de obicei. 19. Yesterday I went for a walk. to work – worked Daca verbul este neregulat. Cât de des le scrii parintilor tai? 18.

I always make cakes on Sundays. They drank all the wine. 3. I own two umbrellas. in plina desfasurare. cu imperfectul. He changed his library book every day. Ex. You drink too much. He came home late. posibil sa apara intr-o fraza timpul Past Continuous in mod repetat. (Ieri pe vremea asta priveam la televizor. ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul. 7. 4. Interogativ Was I working? Were we working? Were you working? Were you working? Was he/she/it working? Were they working? Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment din trecut. We worked very hard. I sold my car. 3. He thought about you. 8. 6. reprezinta fundalul de timp pe care se petrece actiunea exprimata de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus). That sounds interesting. 5.) Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous 1. 7. 2. You ask too many questions. I sleep until 9 o’clock every day. In aceasta situatie. While I was crossing the street. 2. I was watching TV. 9. 6.Formele prescurtate sunt: was not – wasn’t I wasn’t working. este posibil sa apara un verb folosit la Past Continuous si un verb folosit la Past Simple. 5. sora lui privea la televizor. . While John was reading. his sister was watching TV. de asemenea. This time yesterday.) Adesea. 2. Se traduce. (In timp ce John citea. were not – weren’t They weren’t working. Ex. You speak English well. Ex. in aceeasi fraza. Este. verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul). I hated him. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple: 1. I play football. I met John. In acest caz. I like to have a coffee in the morning. He meets John on Sundays. ele aratând actiuni paralele. de obicei. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ: 1. 4. intrun moment trecut. 10.

8. I enjoyed travelling. 9. He translated the text. 10. He forbade her to do this. 3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 1. When you (come in), I talk on the phone. 2. When I first (meet) him, he (work) in a bank. 3. While he (learn) to drive, he (have) an accident. 4. As I (write), someone (ring up). 5. Where you (go) when I (meet) you? 6. What you (do) this time yesterday? 7. When I (enter) the classroom, the teacher (write) on the blackboard. 8. When I (arrive), she (have) dinner. 9. This time last Sunday, I (watch) a film on TV. 10. He suddenly (realize) that he (not wear) his glasses. 4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. Soarele nu a apus la ora 8 aseara. 2. Ai dormit bine noaptea trecuta? 3. Ieri nu am mers la bazinul de inot. 4. M-am sculat târziu ieri dimineata. 5. Duminica trecuta prietenii mei au jucat sah. 6. Ieri pe vremea asta ploua. 7. Ce faceai martea trecuta la ora 7 dimineata? 8. Ma pregateam sa merg la facultate. 9. In timp ce imi cautam pasaportul am gasit aceasta fotografie veche. 10. Baietii jucau carti când l-au auzit pe tatal lor intrând in casa. 11. Ei au ascuns imediat cartile si si-au scos manualele de scoala. 12. Când te-ai intors de la munte? 13. Când ai cumparat acest televizor? 14. Ieri mi-am pierdut manusile. 15. Batea un vânt puternic când am iesit din casa. 16. Unde ti-ai petrecut concediul vara trecuta? 17. Ieri m-am sculat devreme, mi-am luat micul dejun si apoi am plecat la scola. 18. Acum doua zile am cazut si mi-am rupt piciorul. 19. Saptamâna trecuta am fost bolnav si nu am mers la scoala. 20. El a dat primul examen saptamâna trecuta. 21. Cine a câstigat meciul alaltaieri? 22. In timp ce ploua, eu conduceam masina spre Sinaia. E. Present Perfect Simple Timpul Present Perfect Simple se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to have" la prezent, la care se adauga forma a treia (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I have worked We have worked

You have worked You have worked He/she/it has worked They have worked Negativ I have not (haven’t) worked. He/she/it has not (hasn’t) worked. Interogativ Have I worked? Has he/she/it worked? Timpul Present Perfect este un timp de relatie. El arata o legatura intre trecut si momentul prezent. Timpul Present Perfect Simple se foloseste in urmatoarele situatii: arata o actiune inceputa in trecut care continua pâna in prezent. Cu acest sens se folosesc de obicei prepozitiile since (din, incepând din) si for (de, timp de). Ex. I haven’t seen John for two months. (Nu l-am vazut pe John de doua luni.) I haven’t seen John since September. (Nu l-am vazut pe John din septembrie.) I have known John for two years. (Il cunosc pe John de doi ani.) I have known John since 1990. (Il cunosc pe John din 1990.) …arata o actiune trecuta, efectuata intr-o perioada de timp neterminata. In acest caz, folosirea lui este insotita de adverbe precum: today, this week, this month, this year. Ex. I have seen two films this week. (Am vazut doua filme saptamâna aceasta.) Daca adverbul de timp este „this morning", folosirea timpului verbal este conditionata de momentul in care se face afirmatia; daca aceasta este in cursul diminetii (pâna la ora 12) sau dupa amiaza. Ex. ora 10 a.m. I haven’t got up early this morning. ora 2 p.m. I didn’t get up early this morning. Traducerea celor doua propozitii in limba româna este identica. Nu m-am sculat devreme azi dimineata. Prima arata o actiune trecuta, terminata, care are rezultate in prezent sau care, dintr-un motiv sau altul, intereseaza in prezent. Ex. Have you seen Hamlet? (Ai vazut Hamlet?) I have lost my umbrella . I must buy a new one. (Mi-am pierdut umbrela. Trebuie sa-mi cumpar una noua.) Trebuie precizat faptul ca, daca se mentioneaza momentul trecut in care a avut loc actiunea care intereseaza in prezent sau care are rezultate in prezent, nu mai poate fi folosit timpul Present Perfect. In acest caz, se foloseste Past Simple. Ex. I lost my umbrella yesterday. I must buy a new one.

De asemenea, daca se pune o intrebate referitoare la trecut care incepe cu „when", nu se poate folosi timpul Present Perfect, intrucât „when" reprezinta un moment precizat in trecut. Ex. When did you see Hamlet? I saw it last week. Timpul Present Perfect nu poate fi folosit cu un adverb de timp precizat in trecut. Se foloseste cu adverbe de timp neprecizat care leaga trecutul de prezent. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care se aseaza intre auxiliar si verb: often, never, always, ever, already, just, seldom. Ex. Have you ever been to England? (Ai fost vreodata in Anglia?) No, I have never been to England. Yes, I have often been to England. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care stau la sfârsitul propozitiei: lately, yet (in propozitii negative). Ex. He hasn’t returned home yet. (El nu s-a intors inca acasa.) I haven’t seen him lately. (Nu l-am vazut in ultimul timp.) Dupa cum se poate observa, timpul Present Perfect Simple se traduce in româneste fie cu prezentul, fie cu perfectul compus, in functie de context. F.Present Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Present Perfect Simple al verbului „to be", la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I have been working We have been working You have been working You have been working He/she/it has been working They have been working Negativ I have not (haven’t) been working. He has not (hasn’t) been working. Interogativ Have I been working? Has he been working? Timpul Present Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare, cu accent pe durata, intre un moment trecut si prezent. Ex. I am tired because I have been working all day. (Sunt obosit pentru ca am muncit toata ziua.) De asemene, poate arata probabilitatea ca actiunea inceputa in trecut, care continua in prezent, sa continue si in viitor. Ex. It has been raining for three hours. If it doesn’t stop soon, we shall have floods.

I just (have) one. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1.) Ca si Present Perfect Simple. 2. vom avea inundatii. He (not go) to bed yet. I (ask) you to clean your room for two days. I (not write) to my friend for three months. 2. 18. You must come and see it. It (not rain) since December. How long you (live) here? 22. 3. He (sleep) for 10 hours now. You (read) Sorescu’s last book? 19. He just (leave) home. There isn’t any train service because the engine – drivers (go) on strike. The radio (play) since 7 a. I (not be) to the seaside this year. When are you going to do it? 12.(Ploua de trei ore. Folositi Present Perfect Simple in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. Daca nu se opreste in curând. We (know) each other for several years. I (lend) him some money today. 4. I (shop) all day and I want to have a rest now. 8. I already (see) this film. 5. 4. I (live) here for one year. Ever since that woman came to work here. You (visit) the Village Museum? 13. 3. How long you (wear) glasses? 6. 12. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous 1. I (buy) a new house. You (pay) the telephone bill? 20. You ever (eat) caviar? 14. Why you (be) in the garden so long? 9. I’m tired of it. 15. 21. thank you. 5. she (try) to make trouble. He (not come) home yet. He (fish) for two hours but he (catch) nothing yet. I (water) the flowers. It’s time we woke him up. Would you like a cake? 7. 11. se poate traduce cu prezentul sau cu perfectul compus din limba româna. 10. 9. You ever (drive) a car? 17. How many dishes you (cook)? 8. . 7. 11. 10. I (cook) all the morning. Where you (be)? I (be) to the market. 16. He always (rely on) his friend. No.m. 6.

Un copil a spart geamul. 4. 13. M-am gândit adesea sa-mi iau carnet de conducere. 16. she (leave) for Brasov a week ago. Da. I haven’t. am mers arareori pe jos la slujba. Ninge de doua ore. 18. A plecat John? 20. am petrecut o luna aici. I (try) last year but I (not succeed). Cine te-a invatat sa vorbesti engleza atât de bine? 2. He (be) very ill since the holidays (begin). I (do) a lot of work since I (get up) in the morning. De cât timp inveti engleza? 5. When you (use) it last? 2. a plecat acum o ora. acum doi ani. 7. Vremea s-a incalzit in ultimul timp. Ai vazut ziarul de azi? 19. 12. 25. I am not out of work now. 6. Cu cine ai votat la ultimele alegeri? 17. Your ever (try) to give up smoking? Yes. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple in locul infinitivelor: 1. Trebuie sa-l inlocuim. 4. 11. Ti-ai luat deja micul dejun? 22. 11. 8. l-am luat la ora 8. Da. The child (play) the piano since I (return) from school. I (lose) my pen. El a scris numai doua scrisori de când a plecat in strainatate. 10. 3. You (see) your mother this week? No. Da. Traduc un text de doua ore si nu l-am terminat inca. 7. Ai mai fost in acest oras? 24. She (change) a lot since I (see) her last. 10. It (rain) since we (leave) Bucharest. Am stat acasa si nu am regretat nici o clipa. 8. I (wear) my hair long since I (be) a little girl. 6. Unde ti-ai petrecut vacanta anul acesta? 3. Past Perfect Simple . 21. 9.4. 14. 23. Nu am mers la vot. Mergem pe jos de la ora 3. De când mi-am cumparat masina. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Tense Simple sau Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. G. You (be) out of work long? 5. El este ministru de doi ani. Ei lucreaza la aceasta casa de un an si nu au terminat-o inca. A fost un accident. I (get) a job last month. 9. You (not see) it anywhere? No. 5. La ce te-ai uitat? 15. Am mers pe jos 10 km pâna acum.

Se formeaza cu verbul „to have" la Past Tense Simple. (Când el a intrat in camera.) He said it had been raining for three days. dar.Past Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Past Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". Negativ I had not (hadn’t) been working. she had been typing for one hour. (Dupa ce John privise (a privit) la televizor 10 minute. este vorba de o relatie intre doua momente trecute. un verb de relatie. in acest caz. De asemenea. (El a spus ca ploua de trei zile. Ex. Past Perfect Continuous poate prelua functiile lui Present Perfect Cotinuous in propozitia secundara. Afirmativ I had been working. Arata o actiune trecuta care a avut loc inaintea unei alte actiuni sau a unui moment din trecut. ca si Present Perfect. he got bored.) When you rang me up. When he entered the room.) Ca sens. . perfectul compus sau imperfectul din limba româna. Timpul Past Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente trecute. Este. Ex. I had finished writing my homework. la care se adauga forma III (past participle) a verbului de conjugat. acest timp se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) worked. H. echivalentul in limba româna al acestui timp este mai mult ca perfectul. s-a plictisit. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. ea batea la masina de o ora. Se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul sau perfectul compus. când in aceeasi fraza in propozitia principala se afla un verb la Past Tense. Interogativ Had I been working? Aceste forme se pastreaza la toate persoanele. (Când mi-ai telefonat. Interogativ Had I worked? Acest timp are aceeasi forma la toate persoanele.) After John had been watching TV for 10 minutes. Yesterday at 9 o’clock I had had breakfast.) Dupa cum se observa. terminasem de scris temele. Afirmativ I had worked. (Ieri la ora 9 luasem micul dejun.

8. The professor (speak) for 10 minutes when I (enter) the hall. She just (go) out when I (call at) her house. When I called on her unexpectedly. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Continuous: 1. they drank some coffee. When I arrived home. 5. 2. 2. After we (walked) for an hour. she (clean) and (dust) for 5 hours. When I rang her up. she (study) the subject for a week. 9. we (realize) we (lose) our way. 2. . Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Simple: 1. He told me he (catch) some fish on that day. The house was much smaller then he (think) at first. Mi-a parut rau ca il jignisem. it (rain) for one hour. 10. 3. somebody told us it (rain) for hours. 3. I realized she (have) a party. De indata ce a terminat de scris lucrarea. She discovered her child (not tell) the truth. 7. The fire (spread) to the next building when the firemen arrived. When we reached the top. When we met them. 6. she (tell) me they (be) friends for five years. 7. 4. 6. 9. 2. 8. 4. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple: 1. After John (listen to) the news bulletin. mother (cook) for two hours. I (return) from school. 5. 7. The river became deeper after it (rain) heavily for a few hours. 4. 2. she (write) letters for one hour. 6. He (learn) English for two years before he (go) to England for the first time. 3. El mi-a multumit pentru ceea ce facusem pentru el. We (ask) him what countries he (visit). After they (finish) dinner. Puneti verbele din paranteza la Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau la Past Tense Simple: 1. When I left home. 10. 5. they (wait) for the bus for half an hour. he (go) downstairs to have dinner. After John (leave). I (ring up) him and (congratulate) him.Exercitii cu Past Simple si Continuous 1. We were shocked to hear she (not pass) the exam. 3. 10. 8. 8 of 42 3. She said she already (be) to England. we (climb) for 7 hours. When we arrived at Sinaia. a inmânat-o profesorului. After Jane (swim) for half an hour. she felt chilly. At 3 o’clock on Friday. When she decided to have a rest. When I (find out) he (get married). 4. The child (eat) all the cakes before his mother became aware of it. When she sat for the exam. He (tell) me he (be) to the theatre the day before. He asked me whether I (meet) John before. 9.

iar pentru „will not" este won’t. Negativ I (shall) will not be going. Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. . I. Nu ti-am telefonat pentru ca am crezut ca plecasesi in strainatate. (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare. 7. will la persoana II si III. Ei au calatorit in multe tari dupa ce s-au casatorit.Future Continuous Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be". Ex. I (shall) will meet him next week. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. Future Tense Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I. Interogativ Shall I go? Shall we go? Will you go? Will you go? Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go? Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I. 8. 10. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. De indata ce au plecat musafirii. You will be going. Afirmativ I (shall) will go We (shall) will go You will go You will go He/she/it will go They will go Negativ I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go You will not go You will not go He/she/it will not go They will not go Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan’t. am mers la culcare. He/she/it will be going. 5. 6. Când am ajuns la statia de autobuz. El nu facuse nimic inainte de a-mi cere mie sfatul. Afirmativ I (shall) will be going. 9. They will be going. We (shall) will be going.) J. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul vorbea la telefon de o jumatate de ora. Ei mi-au spus ca locuiau in Franta din 1980. You will not be going. se foloseste numai „shall". You will be going. mi-am dat seama ca imi lasasem poseta acasa.4.

) Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. You will not have gone. I will be travelling to England. (Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal. They will have gone. Interogativ Shall I be going? Shall we be going? Will you be going? Will you be going? Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going? Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor. . K. I will have been studying for three hours. You will have gone. By three o’clock tomorrow. They will not be going. When you come home. Afirmativ I (shall) will have gone. He/she/it will not have gone. You will not be going. We (shall) will have gone.Future Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului „to be".Future Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will. Ex. Se traduce cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna. la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat. You will not have gone. Ex. (Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia.) L. He/she/it will have gone.He/she/it will not be going. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. We (shall) will not have gone. They will not have gone. I (shall) will have been going. Ex. Interogativ Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone? Will you have gone? Will you have gone? Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone? Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor. Negativ I (shall) will not have gone. I will have reached Predeal. (have + forma III). We (shall) will not be going. At three o’clock. You will have gone.

nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari disjunctive.Este un timp rar folosit. iar cea de la „would not" este wouldn’t. He said he would be late. Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor Intr-un astfel de context. (El a spus ca va intârzia. (Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine. (El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare. He said that at 3 o’clock. M. Ex: I should (would) be going. Este un timp sestul de rar folosit.) b). Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui moment sau unei actiuni din trecut. arata un program precis. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat.Când vei veni tu acasa.) Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului a).Future-in-the-Past Continuous Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului „to be". Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare. Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o propozitie secundara. I leave for London tomorrow. bine stabilit.ing a verbului de conjugat. Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor . the next day. voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore. Se traduce cu viitorul simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna. la ora 3. he would be travelling to England. la care se adauga forma .) Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in propozitia principala). Ex.Future-in-the-Past Simple Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele). N. va calatori spre Anglia. Ex. Ex. Afirmativ I (should) would go We (should) would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would go Negativ I (should) would not go We (should) would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go ` Forma scurta de la „should not" este shouldn’t. atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut.

8. I (know) the results in three days’ time. 10. If we don’t hurry. 6. I (have) breakfast. You (remember) to post my letter? 9. I am sure when I arrive home. I (work) at the office till late at night. Let’s hurry to the beach. the sun (rise) before we reach the beach. This time next month. they (be married) for 25 years. He (be) pleased if you invite him. Ex. un aranjament prealabil pentru viitorul apropiat. He (study) all day tomorrow. the baby (cry).) It is going to rain. The sun (rise) in 10 minutes. I (read) all the books on the bibliography list. By the end of the season. 10. one hundred thousand people (spend) their holidays at the seaside. 2. it probably (rain). Don’t ring her up at 8 o’clock p. Expresia „to be going to" + infinitive Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate. 2. I (finish) reading the newspapers by lunch time. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple: 1. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" 1. When you reach Sinaia. By the beginning of next week. I am meeting John this morning. 3. we (take) our exam. I am going to read this book. Don’t expect me home for dinner. When I take the exam. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. I (remember) this day all my life. 5. 7. Ex. 2. (Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte. You (not find) a solution if you don’t know the whole truth. 4. I (work) on this paper for a month. Tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock.m. By the time you come home. 4. You (need) the vacuum cleaner tomorrow or may I borrow it? 5. 3. I (cook) for two hours. 3. . You (be) in London tomorrow.) c). In a week’s time. I am sure you (like) this book. (Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta. 7. 3. I (swim) in the sea. 2. 6. 8. 6. 9. 7. I hope I (pass) the exam.Arata o intentie. She (watch) TV. This time next day. You (recognize) him when you see him? 4. I am sure I (succeed). Next year. 5. 8. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous: 1. we (climb) the mountain.

Present Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice timp cerut de sens Propozitia principala 2. E un obiect frumos. By the end of the month. un timp „past" Past Tense Simple. Past Tense Continuous. 11. voi fi vazut acest film de 5 ori. nu in propozitii. Trenul va fi plecat inainte de a ajunge noi la gara. 7. Propozitia principala 1. Unde il vei pune? LECTIA II CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Concordanta timpurilor se aplica. Pâna la ora 1. El va studia in biblioteca luni de la ora 1 la 5. desigur. 9. Past Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice alt timp „past" Ex. Din cauza grevei soferilor de autobuze multa lume va merge pe jos la slujba. 2.) He said he was going to school. 6. (El a spus ca merge la scola. (El a spus ca este bolnav. 5. ci in fraze. you (see) all the exhibits in the museum. Uite ce am cumparat la o licitatie! 12. Vineri. Ce faci mâine dimineata la ora 11? 3. 10. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind unul din tipurile de viitor: 1. 4. un timp „present" Present Tense Simple. Present Tense Continuous.) b) Past Tense – actiune anterioara – Past Perfect . Pâna la sfârsitul lunii. Ce inseamna „un timp adecvat" se va vedea in continuare. Past Perfect Simple. Present Perfect Simple. By 5 o’clock. ea va fi terminat curatenia in casa.9. vor fi economisit 5 milioane. 8. mâine. 10. intre orele 12 si 1. I (pay off) all my debts. Voi vizita târgul international. Am cumparat o masina de scris si voi invata sa bat. ei vor avea ultima ora de engleza. Pâna anul viitor pe vremea aceasta. Ea consta in aceeaca folosirea unui anumit timp in propozitia principala obliga la folosirea unui timp adecvat in propozitia secundara. 4. a) Past Tense – actiune simultana – Past Tense He said he was ill.

) b. (Voi fi terminat de studiat când vei veni tu acasa. Ex. Situatiile cel mai des intâlnite sunt urmatoarele: a. Ex. 2.) Nota 2: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundare cu actiune posterioara celei din principala. (Voi merge in Anglia dupa ce voi obtine viza. She said she had forgotten where she had put her glasses. Future – actiune anterioara – Present Perfect I will go to England after I have received a visa. (El a spus ca se intorsese acasa cu o saptamâna inainte. Future – actiune simultana – Present I will read this book when I have time. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada dupa ce va termina lucrul. (Am ajuns acasa dupa ce incetase ploaia. se poate folosi Past Perfect in mod repetat. The book I am reading now was given to me by my brother.) Exceptii de la concordanta timpurilor 1.un timp „future" Teoretic se poate folosi orice timp cerut de sens. The teacher told the pupils water boils at 100 oC. Profesorul le-a spus elevilor ca apa fierbe la 100 oC.) 3.) He said he would buy a car if he had money. He said he would come to see me when he had time.) She promised her mother she would help her. Ex. (Voi citi aceasta carte când voi avea timp.) He said he would come to see me after he had finished work.) Nota 1: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundara cu actiunea anterioara celei din principala. dupa care (in temporala sau conditionala) se intrebuinteaza Past Tense (pentru simultaneitate) sau Past Perfect (pentru anterioritate). (El a spus ca va pleca a doua zi. cu exceptia propozitii temporale sau conditionale. (Ea i-a promis mamei sale ca o va ajuta. (El a spus ca va cumpara o masina daca va avea bani. Când propozitia secundara exprima un adevar general valabil. care nu pot include un verb la viitor.) I will have finished studying when you come home. dintre care una este temporala sau conditionala. (Ea a spus ca uitase unde si-a pus ochelarii.) c) Past Tense – actiunea posterioara – Future-in-the-Past He said he would leave the next day.) I arrived home after it had stopped raining. Ex. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada când va avea timp. Future-in-the Past se poate folosi numai o singura data.He said he had returned home a week before. Când propozitia secundara este atributiva. .

9. He asked me if I usually (read) that newspaper. I didn’t think that book to be a nice birthday present for you because I (read) it and I (not enjoy) it. She told me his name after he (leave). Last year I worked more than I have done this year. It was clear they (talk) business again. They didn’t know that I (play) football. I believed you (be) at the seaside. sa ajunga regula. He didn’t admit that he (steal) the book. 8. 10. 2. the concert already (begin). de exemplu. se poate observa uneori o oarecare tendinta de a nu se respecta concordanta timpurilor atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. Looking out of the window. 3. 2. 7. 8. având in vedere simultaneitatea actiunilor din propozitia principala si cea secundara: 1. After I (hear) the news. 5. Este posibil ca ceea ce apare acum ca tendinta. Se poate intâlni. we (dig) in the garden for an hour. 10. When he finally reached London. When it started to rain. 4. 9. Anul trecut am muncit mai mult decât anul acesta. 3. 5. Ex. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 1. Când propozitia secundara este comparativa. he was tired because he (travel) for three days. she saw the sun (shine) brightly.Cartea pe care o citesc acum mi-a fost data de fratele meu. 7. I was not sure if you (speak) English. Nota: In limba engleza contemporana. 2. 3. I understood you (be) a painter. . Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous). Yesterday I bought a new umbrella because I (lose) my old one. She didn’t even say thank you after all I (do) for her. o formulare de tipul: „He said he loves me". When I arrived. cu timpul. 6. He was in a hurry because he (want) to catch the train. sfatuim pe vorbitorii români de limba engleza sa respecte regulile de concordanta a timpurilor asa cum sunt prezentate mai sus. He just (leave) home when he came across John. Pentru moment insa. I congratulated him. He realized he (not remember) John’s phone number. tinând seama de relatia de anterioritate exprimata de verbul din propozitia principala sau din cea secundara: 1. 4. 6. You didn’t tell me you (have to) type this report. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Tense Simple sau Continuous).

3. 17. 9. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Present Simple sau Present Perfect Simple: 1. The train will have left before we (reach) the station. He will write to me after he (arrive) in England. I will pay my debts after I (receive) my salary. 4. 18. As soon as the holidays (begin). 6. we supposed prices (go up). I didn’t know at what temperature this metal (melt). I was not sure I (remain) at home that evening. Your mother will be upset when she (notice) you (break) the vase. 2. 8. By the time you (finish) translating the text. 2. 8. 7. 2. tinând seama de exceptiile de la concordanta timpurilor: 1. I will go on playing the piano till he (tell) me to stop. . I shall have typed all the letters. he will drive to Sinaia. It is said that one Englishman will not speak to another before they (be) introduced. 10. 15. We shall start dinner as soon as the guests (arrive). 19. He hoped he (finish) reading the book in two days. You won’t be able to speak about this book till you (read) it. I wasn’t aware German (be) such a difficult language. You will get a shock when you (see) the mess in that room. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future-in-thePast. she will take a job as a secretary. 16. We all believed he (win) the competition. 9. I will buy a car when I (have) enough money. too. 12. He was sure he (pass) the exam and he promised he (give) a party afterwards. 4. I thought you soon (have) a holiday. As wages had gone up. You will be surprised when you (see) how well she (look). având in vedere faptul ca propozitia secundara exprima o actiune posterioara celei din principala: 1. this beach will become very crowded. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 20. He promised he (drive) me home. When I (finish) the book. 5. 5. you will feel better. 3. He believed the strike (end) very soon. When I heard the main actor was ill. I will never forget what you just (tell ) me. You will be surprised when you (see) how much she (change). 4. they will have been married for five years. They said they (remain) at the seaside for another week. 11. When their first baby (be born). The teacher told the pupils what the capital of Mexico (be). After he (repair) the car. 6. 3. After you (drink) a coffee. I will lend it to you. 3. 10. 5. 7. 13. 14. I was sue the performance (be cancelled). After she (learn) to type.

They (know) each other for a long time before they finally got married. He said he (have to) write down my address as he (not remember) it otherwise. we (drink) coffee and brandy. 6. he decided he (change) his job. 3. 9. He was very tired and he (hope) he (have) time to rest that afternoon. I did not know that you (wear) glasses since childhood. After having visited Italy. 16. 10. I was surprised that his son (fail) the exam. He was very upset because I (be) late. He discovered to his horror that he (eat) the worms in the cherries. 5. 18. 13. I hoped it (not rain) when I (arrive) at the beach. 19. my friends told me there (be) many small houses and narrow streets in Padua. respectând toate regulile de concordanta a timpurilor. When we (go) to see them last night. 4. Last year you spoke English less fluently than you (do) now. I found out that yoga (be) a very useful practice. When I finally arrived home. 9. Last night I (read) the book which you (read) now. 14. After we have finished dinner. 8. 11. they said they (listen to) music since 5 o’clock. 7. I (not decide) yet. The book I (read) in the last few days was lent to me by John. 6. When you asked me where I (spend) my holidays. 6. 7. the Romanians travelled less than they (do) this year. He told me he never (see) the sea. I hoped the company where I (work) (not go) bankrupt. not before. 15. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 5. 2. 5. he (trust) his son and he (not expect) such a thing to happen. they were listening to music. Nu am stat acasa sa te astept pentru ca nu stiam când vei veni. 8. 4. Era foarte suparat ca isi pierduse dictionarul si nu era sigur ca va gasi unul nou in . A week ago. I will do it when I (want) to. In 1998. 3. I will come as soon as I (finish) my work. Last year I earned more money than I (earn) in the next five years. Last night I met the couple who soon (move) next door to me. He told me hibernating animal (not eat) in winter. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 20. I (be) very hungry because I (not eat) anything all day. Nu mi-am amintit ca ne cunoscusem cu un an inainte. You will never know how much I (suffer). Stiam ca esti in Bucuresti. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul este ocupat. 7. 17. 12. precum si exceptiile: 1.4. 10. 2.

Interogativ Should I go? Should we go? Would you go? Would you go? Would he/she/it go? Would they go? Se traduce cu conditionalul prezent din limba româna (as merge. 6. ai merge.). 8. 10. 7. Past Conditional (conditional trecut) Se traduce cu should/would la care se adauga infinitivul trecut (have + forma III a verbului de conjugat). Hotul nu si-a dat seama ca politia il urmarea de o saptamâna. Masina pe cae o voi cumpara va fi importata din Germania. 12. Iti voi spune adevarul dupa ce il voi afla eu insami. Afirmativ I should/would go We should/would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would not go Negativ I should/would not go We should/would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forme prescurtate: shouldn’t. I-am promis ca ii voi scrie când voi ajunge la Londra. Tata imi va da un cadou dupa ce voi lua examenul. la care se adauga infinitivul prezent al verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I should/would have gone You would have gone He/she/it would have gone We should/would have gone You would have gone They would have gone Negativ I should/would not have gone . M-a intrebat câte litere sunt in alfabetul chinez si nu am putut sa-I raspund. Politistul ma va intreba ce am vazut in timpul accidentul.librarii. 9. wouldn’t. 11. LECTIA III MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE Present Conditional (conditional prezent) Se formeaza cu should si would la persoana I si would la persoanele II si III. ar merge etc.

(As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat. supposing he is late? (Ce vom face presupunând ca el intârzie?) -if not poate fi inlocuit cu unless I won’t go shopping unless you come with me. (As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna.).) Nota 1: Trebuie sa se tina seama ca subjonctivul folosit in propozitia secundara are forma lui Past Tense Simple la toate verbele.) I would stay at home if it rained. What shall we do.) Nota 2: if poate fi inlocuit de provided (that). Tipul 3 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Past Conditiona l Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine. providing. cu exceptia verbului „to be".You would not have gone. (Voi sta acasa daca va ploua. He/she/it would not have gone We should/would not have gone You would not have gone They would not have gone Interogativ Should I have gone? Should we have gone? Would you have gone? Would you have gone? Would he/she/it have gone? Would they have gone? Se traduce cu conditionalul trecut din limba româna (as fi mers. (Voi merge la mare daca vremea va fi buna. Frazele conditionale (If-Clauses) Exista trei tipuri de fraze conditionale: Tipul 1 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Future Present I will go to the seaside if the weather is fine. . suppose.) I will stay at home if it rains. in case.) I would have stayed at home if it had rained. ai fi mers. unde se intâlneste forma „were" la toate persoanele.) Tipul 2 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Present Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense I would go to the seaside if the weather were fine. (As merge la mare daca vremea ar fi buna. ar fi mers etc. supposing. I won’t go shopping if you don’t come with me. (As sta acasa daca ar ploua.

If you (take) a dog. should poate fi folosit in secundara la tipul 2 de fraza conditionala. I (buy) a car. daca sar intâmpla ca. If you don’t hurry. 5. este posibila omiterea lui if. 8. 9. would you visit me? 3. he (not make) so many mistakes. Ex. If I (move) to the country-side. 2. she (be) very angry. 10. Ex. Acest tip de secundara este adesea combinat cu imperativul. You (buy) this house if you had money? 15 of 42 4. we shall have floods. you (be) late. you (promise) to keep it a secret? 6.) Nota 4: Atunci când if este urmat de un verb auxiliar (ex. 9. you (not find) me at home. I (lend) you the book if you promise to return it in time. 7. si in acest caz se inverseaza ordinea subiect – auxiliar. Where you (go) if you had a holiday? . Unless you come at 6. If it (go on) raining. If I like the dress. I (buy) it. If I see him. What would you do if you (be) Prime Minister? 6. I (greet) him. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. were. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 2: 1.Nota 3: should + infinitiv poate fi folosit la tipul 1. 8. If I tell you something. I would ring him up. If the police should find out the truth. (In caz ca politia ar afla adevarul/ Daca s-ar intâmpla ca politia sa afle adevarul. you (not pass) the exam. 2. 7. If I (give up) smoking. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 1: 1. I (not do) this. In acest caz. In caz ca telefoneaza. atunci când actiunea din secundara este posibila. 3. Should he have a headache. If she finds out what has happened. had. If she should ring up. should). De asemenea. If I (know) his phone-number. you will have to look after it. 4. Were I in your place. spune-I ca nu sunt acasa. tell her I am out. dar improbabila. If I won the lottery. 1. in loc de Present Simple. 5. – if he were here – were he here – if it had rained – had it rained – if he should come – should he come Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 1. we would be fined. he (take) a pill. Unless you study more. 10. If he were more careful. I would be nervous. noi am fi amendati. Ex. should se traduce cu: in caz ca.

I (answer) it. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. Te-ai supara daca ti-as lua creionul? 9. 5. It (be) better if you had waited. If you had taken my advice. 7. 5. 6. Had I been at home. 4. I (answer) your question if I can. Daca ar ploua. he would have gone home. he (get) a bar of chocolate. If he had written a letter to me. 4. 8. 10. If I (not tell) him. strazile vor fi ude. He will be at the airport in time if he (leave) now. 8. Daca un cersetor ti-ar cere bani. you (not get) into trouble. If I (work) harder. 7. Had I learned English grammar. 5. If the child is good. 9. Vei prinde trenul daca vei lua un taxi. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 3: 1. I-ai da? 3. you wouldn’t have an accident. 4. I wouldn’t have come with you in your car. If he (realize) it was so late. I (not make) so many mistakes in my translation. 3. I wouldn’t have come unless you (invite) me. tinând seama ca se poate intâlni oricare dintre cele 3 tipuri de fraze conditionale: 1. Nu vom merge la plimbare daca nu va sta ploaia. strazile ar fi fost ude. Daca va ploua. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. If you had known English. He would have been arrested if he (try) to leave the country. strazile ar fi ude. Te vei supara daca iti voi lua creionul? 8. You (be) sick if you eat so much. He (tell) you if you had asked him. 10. you (read) Shakespeare in the original. If I (see) him. he would never have known. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. Ce-ai face daca l-ai intâlni pe John? 12. 2. Il vei vedea daca il vei astepta. 7. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1.2. 2. 6. 4. If I (know) you had no driving licence. 5. If I (be) you. 9. Ce s-ar fi intâmplat daca ai fi condus cu viteza mare? 4. Ce vei face daca il vei intâlni pe John? 11. 3. If you (drive) more carefully. . Te-ai fi suparat daca ti-as fi luat creionul? 10. Ai fi prins trenul daca ai fi luat un taxi. I would go home immediately. Mi-ar placea mai mult piesa daca ar fi mai scurta. 2. 3. 6. 2. Ai prinde trenul daca ai lua un taxi. Dacaar fi plouat. I (answer) the phone. 3. I would have succeeded. Ce-ai fi facut daca l-ai fi intâlnit pe John? 5. I would speak to him.

Ex. Se schimba o serie de cuvinte in functie de sens. 7. Daca n-ai fi inchis fereastra. Pentru a trece o propozitie de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta. today  that day yesterday  the day before/the previous day the day before yesterday  two days before tomorrow  the next day/the following day the day after tomorrow  in two days’ time next week  the next/the following week two years ago  two years before now  then this  that these  those here  there . He said: „She gave me a book". He said he was ill. Atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. He said she had given him a book. Ex. He said „I have been working hard”. 2. He said „I was ill". Daca cina nu va fi gata la timp. 3. 8. 10. mi-ar fi fost frig. He said he had been working hard. trebuie respectate o serie de reguli. He said he had been ill. As mai croseta un pulover daca as mai avea lâna. in functie de sens. Voi fi dezamagit daca nu voi afla adevarul. LECTIA IV VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA Vorbirea directa: John said: „She is not at home" Vorbirea indirecta: John said she was not at home. 1. ceea ce se intâmpla in majoritatea cazurilor.6. He said „I will do the exercise". – He said „I am ill". Se schimba pronumele. in propozitia secundara se schimba timpurile dupa cum urmeaza: Present  Past Present perfect  Past perfect Past  Past perfect Future  Future-in-the-past Ex. He said he would do the exercise. voi mânca la un restaurant. 9. Mamaia ar fi un loc ideal pentru o vacanta daca n-ar fi atât de multi oameni acolo.

I would stay at home." He said if itrained he would stay at home. In cazul intrebarilor speciale trecute la vorbirea indirecta." He said if it rained he would stay at home. He asked me if I liked music. Ex. He asked me whereI had been. à He said (that) he was ill. Afirmatii: cu that (care se poate omite) Ex. Intrebarile speciale se introduc cu cuvântul interogativ respectiv. Ex. Verbele modale would.Ex. He said he would be at home on that day. Ex. He said: „I am ill". à He told me to go out. interogativ. Intrebari Exista doua tipuri de intrebari: generale si speciale. Intrebarile generale se introduc cu if sau whether (daca). He said: „I am going to do this traslation tomorrow". incepe cu un cuvânt. Ex. might ramân neschimbate la vorbirea indirecta. on holiday. He said „Go out". 3. Intrucât aceasta propozitie. Intrebarile generale sunt cele care incep cu un verb. He asked me: „What is the time?" Corect: He asked me what the time was. iar raspunsul poate fi da sau nu. tipurile 2 si 3 nu se schimba: "If it rained. trebuie acordata atentie ordineimcuvintelor din propozitia secundara. 2. exista tentatia de a folosi ordinea cuvintelor din propozitiile interogative. I would have stayed at home. Comenzi: cu infinitivul (afirmativ sau negativ) Ex. He said „Don’t go out" à He told me not to go out. Frazele conditionale sunt trecute la vorbirea indirecta in modul urmator: a). He said: „I’ll be at home today". ceea ce este o greseala. He said: „I might be late" He said he might be late. should. Incorect: He asked me what was the time. He said he was going to do that translation the next day. tipul 1 devine tipul 2: "If it rains. ought to. b). could. Modalitati de introducere a propozitiilor secundare in vorbirea indirecta 1. 4. "If it had rained. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirecta . Where have you been? I’ve been away. Ex." He said if it had rained he would have stayed at home. 4). I will stay at home.

10. Be careful with my books! 7. Do you know what this word means? 5. Treceti urmatoarele comenzi la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut) Model: He said: „Come in!" He told (asked. please? 2. 6. 1. Were you at the library yesterday? 9. 5. 4. The weather was fine yesterday. Can you come to tea this afternoon? 3. Do you live in London for a long time? . I am going to have a nap this afternoon. please! 4. I would have answered the phone. I think it’s going to rain tomorrow. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari generale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: „Will you be at home tomorrow?" He asked me if I would be at home the next day. Write me a letter when you get to England! 5. Was your mother at home? 6. Don’t cross the street on a red light! 6. 7. I will go shopping right now. Treceti urmatoarele afirmatii de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said „I will leave for London tomorrow". Did you buy this book yesterday? 7. John left for Sinaia two days ago. Take this pill! 9. If I had been at home. Has the train left? 4. I went to England two years ago. 11. Did you drink coffee every day? 8. 2. ordered) me to come in. please! 3. Don’t smoke so much! 8. 12. I will buy a car next year. He said (that) he would leave for London the next day. Will you help me. 3. I don’t remember where I have bought this dictionary. 8. Don’t interrupt me when I am speaking! 10. If I have enough money. 1. 1. Read the text. I am very busy today. Don’t drive so fast! 2. I saw this film a week ago.1. Ring me up when you arrive home! 3. 2. 9. Last year I spent my holiday at the seaside. Open the door.

Unde complementul direct este a book. Ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte in cazul trecerii la pasiv. I was asked. How did you travel? LECTIA V Pasivul se formeaza conjugând verbul to be la timpul cerut de sens. I had been asked. How long does it take you to reach your office? 4. exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct. please? 4. Which of these cakes do you prefer? 10. Complement direct Subiect A book was given to him. Activ: I gave him a book. Can you speak English? 11. complementul indirect si. Where will you spend your weekend? 6. trecerea de la diateza activa la diateza pasiva se face prin transformarea complementului direct in subiect. in unele cazuri. When will you be back? 18 of 42 5. Ex. Why is it so dark in this room? 8. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari speciale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said: „When did you come back?" He asked me when I had come back. I have been asked.10. I will be asked. In limba engleza. Ex. Activ: Directorul m-a chemat pe mine. complementul prepozitional. Desigur. How long have you been learning English? 2. la care se adauga forma III (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. I am asked. 1. (by me) . subiectul va fi trecut la cazul nominativ. Could you lend me a book. Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director. When did the rain stop? 9. What are you going to do tomorrow? 3. Would you like a cake? 12. Who is this man? 7. iar complementul indirect este him. In limba româna. Ex.

2. de la sfârsitul propozitiei. Pasiv: The child was looked after (by her). 5. se omite formularea by. My friend doesn’t always tell me the truth.Complement indirect à Subiect He was given a book. In this office punctuality is insisted on. The doctor prescribed some pills to the patient. Someone has found the missing child. 9. 5. They will give me a reward. I will invite my friend to a party. de asemenea. They will finish the work today. People play football all over the world. poate deveni subiect in cazul folosirii diatezei pasive: In this office punctuality is insisted on (by them). when I passed by. pasivul se foloseste atunci când nu este important cine face actiunea. They were building a new supermarket in that district last month. 7. The jury awarded the Romanian film director the Great Prize. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva in doua feluri. 10. The noise frightened me. my flat is being painted. Activ: She looked after the child. 8. 4. 3. They have given me a nice present. The policeman will show us the way. 2. 8. (by me) In propozitia: In this office they insist on punctuality. The teacher asked me a difficult question. 19 of 42 6. punctuality este un complement prepozitional. . I teach them English. 2. I have lent John two of my books. 10. While I was in hospital. In aceste situatii. Un alt exemplu de complement prepozitional care poate deveni subiect. His coworkers must do something for him. 7. 4. Ex. care. 3. While I am in hospital. transformând atât complementul direct cât si cel indirect in subiecte: 1. 6. Ex. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. Nota: Se poate folosit aspectul continuu al diatezei pasive numai la Present Tense si Past Tense. He has found your bag. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 1. They are building a new house round the corner. 9. my flat was being painted. In multe cazuri. A specialist will repair my TV set. The guide showed the museum to the tourists.

These books mustn’t be taken away. Will you write the letter in ink? 3. 5. 3. Când a ajuns acasa si-a dat seama ca I se furase portofelul. 4. He hates being made fun of. We objected to his proposal. Don’t speak until someone speaks to you. This book will soon be forgotten. 6. .3. 8. 6. 6. Have you fed the dog? 7. Haven’t they told you to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. 4. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii de la diateza pasiva la diateza activa. Nu s-a auzit nimic despre el de când a plecat la Constanta. Gasiti subiecte acolo unde este necesar: 1. Evenimentul a fost comentat de toate ziarele. This house has been built out of stone and cement. 8. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. I was recommended a very good doctor. A reception was held in his honour. Would you have finished your work sooner if your colleagues hadn’t interrupted you? 5. 9. They set fire to the shed. 5. 4. They didn’t look after the children properly. We laughed at John. 4. Do you think they will turn down your request? 10. Sensurile cuvintelor noi trebuie cautate in dictionar. Did the tornado frighten you? 5. The climber was finally discovered by the rescue party. He hasn’t slept in his bed. Did the sight of the accident shock him? 8. Did they tell you about the meeting? 9. 3. We couldn’t account for his odd behaviour. Burglars broke into the house. 7. Ni s-au spus lucruri foarte interesante la conferinta. In acest hotel se vorbesc limbi straine. 2. English is spoken all over the world. 8. 6. Scrisoarea va fi pusa la posta cât mai curând posibil. 7. 10. 9. 5. 2. This painting is admired by all the visitors of the museum. 3. 9. 7. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele propozitii care cuprind combinatii verb+prepozitie: 1. Aceasta informatie treuie tratata confidential. We called for the doctor. The pupils will be told where to sit. 2. Has someone repaired the TV set? 2. Ni s-a cerut sa aratam pasapoartele. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. Will someone tell him the details? 6.

Caracteristici generale A). Ar fi putut sa fie aici in timp. could. I haven’t been able to ring you up this week. shall. Cursul profesorului a fost ascultat de toti studentii. I can do this. conditional prezent al verbului can Negativ: could not (couldn’t) Interogativ: Could I ? Could you? etc. would. Could you help me? Ai putea sa ma ajuti? Pentru conditionalul trecut se foloseste could + infinitivul trecut Ex. can’t Ex. I couldn’t come to you yesterday. need. C). 14. I cannot (can’t) make this translation.) Spre deosebire de: I want to do this. N-am putut sa vin la tine ieri. must. Muzeul a fost inchis pentru reparatii. are sensul de a putea. Voi putea veni la tine mâine. Acest timbru nu a fost bine lipit pe plic. should. Interogativ: Can I? Can you? etc. might. Nu primesc s la persoana III singular.10. prezent Negativ: cannot. (Pot sa fac aceasta. ought to. Nu primesc to inaintea lor si dupa ele: Ex. Ex. Se construiesc multe blocuri noi in cartierul nostru. Ni se vor da instructiuni detaliate in privinta referatului. He could have been here in time. LECTIA VI VERBELE MODALE Can. I can make this traslation. a fi in stare Ex. Can 1. He can speak English. N-am putut sa-ti telefonez saptamâna aceasta. Nu formeaza negativul si interogativul cu „to do". Ex. Can is a model verb. Ex. D). prezent. will. (Vreau sa fac aceasta. Ex.) B). Se folosesc inlocuitori. Ex. America a fost descoperita la sfârsitul secolului al XV-lea. Can = infinitiv. He cannot (can’t) speak English. 13. . Can you make this translation? Could=Past Tense. may. Pentru celelalte timpuri se foloseste inlocuitorul to be able to. 15. 11. Nu au toate timpurile. I will be able to come to you tomorrow. 12.

Ex. He said I might smoke in that room. . are sensul de a putea. Father. In vorbirea familiara. May 1. He is abroad. (Stiu sa inot. Soarele nu a apus inca.). Telefoneaza-I lui John. timpurile se folosesc ca la punctul 1 (could pentru Past Tense si conditionalul prezent. se foloseste infinitivul trecut. Arata o anumita abilitate fizica sau intelectuala. May I smoke in this room? Pot/am permisiunea sa fumez in aceasta camera? Yes. (Da. The sun hasn’t set yet. Ex.2. ideea de trecut este redata prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. Nu se poate sa fie ora 9. Ex. I was allowed/permitted to smoke in that room.) Cu acest sens. Ex. El e in strainatate. inlocuitorul to be able to pentru celelalte timpuri. mayn’t Interogativ: May I? May you? May = infinitiv. Ex. nu e posibil sa. Pentru celelalte timpuri se folosesc inlocuitorii: to be allowed to. can I take your car? Tata. you may. It can’t/couldn’t be 9 o’clock. prezent Cu acest sens exista timpul might care reda ideea de trecut. to be permitted to. He may/might be at home now. (Stiu sa vorbesc engleza. 2. Voi putea/mi se va permite sa fumez in camera aceea. Ring up John. can poate fi folosit cu sensul lui may de „a avea permisiunea". Ex. Cu acest sens. Am putut/mi s-a permis sa fumez in camera aceea. Can’t/couldn’t – nu se poate sa. I can swim. May/Might – s-ar putea sa Ex. Ia-ti umbrela. It may/might rain. Take your umbrella. Nu se poate sa-l fi vazut pe John pe strada. Voi sti sa conduc masina dupa ce voi lua câteva lectii. a avea permisiunea Ex.) Negativ: may not. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut cu acest sens. I will be allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. pot/am permisiunea sa iau masina ta? 4. S-ar putea sa fie acasa acum. Ex. You can’t/couldn’t have seen John in the street. Se traduce cu a sti sa. I will tbe able to drive a car after I have taken a few lessons. dar se foloseste numai dupa un alt verb la trecut (vorbire indirecta). poti. s-ar putea sa ploua.) I can speak English. 3.

Hai sa-l vizitam. Trebuie sa plec acasa. A trebui Ex. nu e nevoie. 3. It’s got late. Trebuie mentionat faptul ca inlocuitorul lui must. You might have written me a letter when you were in England. I must go home.Ex. Negativ: must not. Ex. notional. You may/might help me when I am in need. Probabil ca era târziu. I was asleep when you arrived home last night. De asemenea. May/might pot exprima un repros. El nu are nevoie de aceasta carte. -Need: verb modal. Cu acest sens. S-a facut târziu. He doesn’t need this book. mustn’t Interogativ: Must I? Must you? Must = infinitiv. Ex. poate avea sensul probabil ca: Ex. It must be late. Pentru redarea ideii de trecut. I didn’t have to finish the translation yesterday. ideea de trecut se reda prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. Ai putea sa ma ajuti când sunt la nevoie. Ex. Probabil ca e târziu. It must have been late. I will have to finish the translation tomorrow. se adauga infinitivul trecut. . Must 1. prezent Nu are alte timpuri. Eu dormeam când ai venit tu aseara. you needn’t. De ce nu ti-ai luat haina? S-ar fi putut sa racesti. Va trebui sa termin traducerea mâine. 2. Need Exista doua verbe: -To need: verb obisnuit. Nu. Let’s go home. cu sensul de a fi nevoie Ex. to have to formeaza interogativul si negativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do. Why didn’t you take your coat? You may/might have caught a cold. A trebuit sa termin traducerea ieri. cu sensul de a avea nevoie Ex. Need I be here at one o’clock? E nevoie sa fiu aici la ora 1? No. Ex. Let’s call on him. Hai sa mergem acasa. Ex. Se foloseste inlocuitorul to have to. I had to finish the traslation yesterday. Ai fi putut sa imi scrii o scrisoare când erai in Anglia. John must be at home now. Probabil ca John e acasa acum.

Ex. se foloseste didn’t need + infinitivul Ex. exista 2 posibilitati: Daca actiunea nu era necesara. Se traduc cu: ar trebui sa. Shall Folosit cu persoana I. The teacher told us it was too easy for us. Nota: Nu trebuie confundat need not cu must not. interogativ. shall indica viitorul. Should. solicitarea unui sfat. Need I be here at one o’clock? Yes. He …reach the Moon and walk there. Ex. Need not se traduce cu „nu e nevoie". trebuie!) Pentru exprimarea ideii de trecut a verbului need. Nu trebuie sa conduci atât de repede. You mustn’t drive so fast. avem destul timp. se foloseste needn’t + infinitivul trecut. Nu ar fi trebuit sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. He …even drive on its surface. Nu a fost nevoie sa facem acest exercitiu. ar fi bine sa. Profesorul ne-a spus ca e prea usor pentru noi. You needn’t have watered the flowers. you must! (Da. 3. Man …travel through space now. o obligatie morala. Ought to Ambele verbe indica o actiune corecta. 2. o recomandare. we have enough time. Nu e nevoie sa conduci atât de repede. Ex.Pentru a raspunde afirmativ la intrebarea de mai sus. Ex. Which dress shall I buy? Ce rochie sa cumpar? Shall I wait for you? Sa te astept? 1. Ex. se foloseste verbul must. . Ex. poate indica. o oferta sau o sugestie. Completati spatiile goale cu can sau can’t: 1. Ar trebui sa o ajuti pe mama ta la treburile casei. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut. there is a speed limit here. N-ai vazut ca urma sa ploua? Daca actiunea nu era necesara si nu a fost facuta. Must not se traduce cu „nu trebuie". aici e limita de viteza. You should not/ought not to have been so rude to him. You needn’t drive so fast. dar a fost facuta. se adauga infinitivul trecut. de asemenea. You should/ought to help your mother with housework. ar fi cazul sa. Folosit cu persoana I. We didn’t need to do this exercise. Couldn’t you see it was going to rain? Nu era nevoie sa uzi florile.

He was probably late. 6. 6. You have probably forgotten his address. She is probably a very good doctor. 2. 5. Don’t wait. Perhaps it snowed in the mountains It may/might have snowed in the mountains. 5. 5. But one still …breathe without extra oxygen and one certainly …stay there very long. I have bought his latest book. You must have forgotten to lock the door. 2. 4. 9. perhaps it is a good one. You probably knew the lesson very well to get a 10. 3. 2. 6. You can’t be right. 9. 3. He must speak English well. It is possible that I come home early. 4. 10. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind must + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: He probably speaks English well. This is probably the best Romanian film of the year. It is possible that he was right but I don’t think so. holidays will be very different. You probably left your umbrella in the shop. A good knowledge of English is likely to help you a lot in your career. 7. You probably forgot to lock the door. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind can’t + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: I don’t believe you are right. It probably took a long time to finish this translation. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind may + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: Perhaps it snows in the mountains. . 5. Take your umbrella. I think she was angry with you. He probably thinks I am wrong.4. Perhaps she has returned the book to you and you have lent it to someone else. 1. He probably came home very early. It may/might snow in the mountains. 8. He is probably older than he looks. 1. 10. It is possible for her to be very late. 8. When we … fly there as easily as we fly to other countries of the world. but I doubt it. 7. perhaps it will rain. Perhaps she was out when you rang her up. Perhaps he has done the exercise correctly.

I don’t believe it is his fault. This letter is full of mistakes. please? 7. The sky is clear. 9. 9. I don’t think the weather will change. You … take an umbrella. 6. 7. You can’t have been right. they are addictive. 4. You…water the flowers. 2. I don’t think this is a true story. He always made mistakes because he …never take any advice. You …make a noise or the baby will wake up. …you tell me the truth. I don’t think he is at the office so late at night. She …write an article for this magazine every week. People … speak during the concert. I don’t believe she has married that awful man. Completati spatiile goale cu shall sau will: 1. If you win the contest. 9. 2. This …be John’s house. One … travel by bus without paying the fare. I … return the books before the 1st of September. 2. 6.I don’t believe you were right. You …not eat so many sweets if you don’t want to get fat. 5. . The visitors … feed the animals in the Zoo. 2. 9. 10. I don’t believe it was his fault. 7. You … take sleeping pills too often. Completati spatiile goale cu should sau would: 1. you …re-type it. I don’t think you will miss the train if you hurry. I …wear my hair long. I …read one book a day. 8. 7. 10. Completati spatiile goale cu mustn’t sau needn’t : 1. 10. He …read for hours on end. 5. 8. I …hurry up in order not to miss the train. 5. You …not expect everybody to obey you. 8. Go to sleep. I don’t believe she has learnt English in two months. I’ll give you as much as you want. One …buy a ticket for a slow train in advance. you…get a nice present. I don’t believe that he has passed the exam. 3. 3. When I was a teenager. 1. 4. This door … not unlock. I promise you not …be disturbed. … you correct my exercise. 6. 8. I don’t believe she has got so fat. You …do this whether you like it or not. it will soon start raining. 9. 7. …you be so kind and pass me the salt. for once? 24 of 42 3. You … worry about money. 8. 4. 6. When I was young. 4. 5. … you help me solve this problem? 3. You …not go to bed so late at night. My child …play with the cat for hours on end. please? 10.

but he himself believes he needn’t. 4. 8. John …(do) such a thing. I …(get up) so early today. I locked the door and took the key with me.Completati spatiile goale cu didn’t need to sau needn’t have + forma III a verbului: 1. 7. I …(answer) the questions. Incercati sa gasiti un sens urmatorului dialog: "Do you think he will?" "I think he might. The child … (leave) home. I …(buy) a new map of London as I already had one. It …(take) you a long time to knit this dress. 11. We …(wait) too long. he was back soon. 2. He has one of his own. Va trebui sa plec curând." 13. but I forgot it was Sunday. 6. 5. Traduceti in limba engleza. He …(swim) across the Danube. 3. which was very convenient. She is away. I haven’t got my bag with me. because the teacher won’t have time to read it all. Profesorul mi-a spus ca pot sa lipsesc de la ora urmatoare. He …(be) at home. 2. Va trebui sa ma ajuti mai mult astazi. I didn’t hear the phone. Stiam sa cânt la pian când eram copil. 6. Sunt sigur ca voi putea gasi timp sa te ajut. which would have saved me a lot of work. Completati spatiile goale cu must. 9. 8. 2. he will never read them all. Ai putea sa-mi telefonezi mai des când stii ca sunt bolnav. 9. 5. folosind verbe modale sau inlocuitori ai acestora: 1." "His family consider he should. I …(leave) it on the bus. the road is dry. You…(lend) him your text – book. Ar fi trebuit sa citesc bibliografia pentru acest seminar. 3. 4. 8. . 11. I wrote him a letter. Ar trebui ca toti copiii sa faca treburi in casa. I am sorry you wasted your time. It …(rain) here." "Yes. 6. 4. he is a nice boy. I …(be) in the garden. Toata lumea sa fie prezenta la sedinta. You …(lend) him so many books. I …(answer) the questions. 10. he is a very poor swimmer.10. 12. 3. Toti studentii pot si trebuie sa scrie aceasta lucrare. The light was on in his room. 7. It’ll get stale. The student …(write) such a long composition. You …(buy) so much bread. Nu stiu sa crosetez. You …(see) Anna yesterday. 7. You …(wait) for me. 10. 9. I …(see) him for that. 5. 10. can’t sau needn’t + infinitivul trecut: 1.

ar fi . 21.12. might. 25 of 42 LECTIA VII MODUL SUBJONCTIV In engleza contemporana. am baut deja doua astazi. 22. Nu a fost nevoie sa-I telefonez lui Jane ca sa vorbesc cu ea pentru ca urma sa vina la mine peste o jumatate de ora. 19. 26. El apare cu forme de infinitiv. De asemenea. Long live the king! Traiasca regele. Nu se poate sa fi fost acasa aseara. 13. sa astepti câteva minute? 30. in engleza contemporana. Ti-am telefonat si nu a raspuns nimeni. Nu e nevoie sa-ti cari singura bagajul in gara. 1. Subjonctiv cu forma de infinitiv a. o urare. Nu aveti voie sa vorbiti in timpul examenului. Poate fi intâlnit in poezia clasica. Come what may. Nu se poate sa fi gasit usa deschisa. 17. 14. Nu era nevoie sa-mi faci cafea. Nu. de Past Tense si de Past Perfect. Fie ce-o fi. dar el nu a vrut sa vina la telefon. 27. Apare in propozitii exclamative. Trebuie sa-mi schimb pantofii când intru in casa pentru ca sunt plini de noroi. in situatii in care. Unde mergem acum? 28. would + infinitiv. o incuiasem chiar eu. exprimând o lozinca. Iti promit ca vei avea cartea mâine. va rog. E nevoie sa urcam la cabana pe jos? 15. 23. o dorinta sau un blestem. De ce ai vorbit atât de tare? 25. Ar fi trebuit sa insisti. Am cerut sa vorbesc cu directorul. Nu se poate ca profesorul sa fi fost multumit de acest raspuns. 29. exista echivalenti de subjonctiv care constau in verbele should. putem lua autobuzul sau telefericul. Probabil ca eram inca la facultate. Nu a fost nevoie sa spun „multumesc" când am aflat ora exacta formând 958 intrucât stiam ca informatia e inregistrata pe banda. Vreti. te-ar putea ajuta un hamal. 20. may. Mâine va trebui sa pun scrisoarea la posta. 18. subjonctivul nu are formele lui proprii. Ex. 16. God forgive you! Fie ca Domnul sa te ierte! Curse this fog! Blestemata fie aceasta ceata! b. 24.

apare ca were la toate persoanele. Daca dorinta se refera la un moment anterior. I wish (mi-as dori. Everybody leave the hall. Ex. Dupa constructii de tipul: it is impossible that. Am recomandat ca propunerea lui sa fie acceptata. It is desirable that we finish the translation first. Shakespeare: „If this be error"… If this is error Byron: „Though the hart be still as loving" …the heart is c. Ex. Cineva sa-mi aduca un pahar cu apa. it is likely that. E necesar ca tu sa fii prezent.inlocuit cu prezentul. 1. to urge. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Perfect. Mi-as dori sa ma fi nascut in Anglia. Ex. Mi-as dori sa inceteze ploaia. The doctor insisted that I keep indoors. I wish it would stop raining. Ex. to insist. Somebody bring me a glass of water. If only I lived to be a hundred! Bine ar fi sa traiesc pâna la o suta de ani! c) As if/though (ca si cum. ca echivalent de subjonctiv. Poate fi folosit ca o modalitate de a da ordine. to suggest. Este imposibil ca el sa faca aceasta. Mi-as dori sa fiu in Anglia acum. it is necessary that. Toata lumea sa paraseasca sala. Ex. bine ar fi sa) Daca dorinta se refera la momentul prezent. I wish I had been born in England. Este de dorit ca noi sa terminam intâi traducerea. e) Dupa verbe ca: to propose. de parca) even if/even though (chiar daca) . se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. It is impossible that he do this. Nota: Verbul to be la subjonctivul du forma de Past Tense. to recommend. d. b) If only – are aproximativ acelasi sens cu I wish Ex. Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: Apare dupa urmatoarele expresii: a). I wish I were in England now. to order Ex. It is necessary that you be present. to demand. Daca dorinta se refera la un moment viitor. it is desirable that. Ex. I recommended that his proposal be accepted. Doctorul a insistat ca eu sa stau acasa. se foloseste would.

Mi-e teama ca nu cumva sa piarda examenul. It is impossible that he should do this. should poate aparea dupa verbe ca: to propose. Vorbesti engleza ca si cum ai fi trait in Anglia. Grabeste-te ca nu cumva sa pierzi trenul. I am afraid lest he should fail the exam. la fel ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (vezi 1-e). I would sooner you stayed at home tonight. Ex. Vorbesti engleza de parca ai fi englez.ci este necesara introducerea lui should. in aceasta situatie should este urmat de infinitivul trecut. Hurry up lest you should miss the train.Ex. to suggest. In cazul in care persoana care isi exprima preferinta este aceeasi cu cea care face actiunea. . fie ca se foloseste in limba engleza subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. Este imposibil ca el sa fi facut aceasta. Echivalenti de subjonctiv a. It is desirable that we should finish the translation first. should – ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (1-d) se poate folosi dupa constructii de tipul: It is impossible that. se poate folosi fie subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. I would sooner stay at home tonight. It is time the child went to bed. to recommend. Exista o situatie in care nu se poate folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. You speak English as if you had lived in England. You speak English as if you were an Englishman. Dupa cum se observa. to urge. I recommend that his proposal should be accepted. De asemenea. e) I would sooner/rather (as prefera sa…) Ex. Ex. it is necessary that. 1. (E timpul. d )It is time. fie ca se foloseste should ca echivalent de subjonctiv. Ex. The doctor insisted that I should stay indoors. to demand. It is high time you began to study seriously. In exemplul de mai sus. I would sooner I stayed at home tonight. Ex.) Ex. It is necessary that you should be present. Era de mult timpul sa incepi sa studiezi serios.) It is high time. It is impossible that he should have done this. fie cel cu forma de infinitiv. Acest tip de constructii se traduc la fel (vezi 1-d). (Era de mult timpul. Este vorba de cazul când propozitia secundara exprima o actiune anterioara celei din principala. E timpul sa mearga copilul la culcare. to insist. persoana care isi exprima preferinta este diferita de cea care face actiunea. Dupa conjunctia lest (ca nu cumva sa) Ex. As prefera sa stai acasa in seara asta.

Nota: In engleza contemporana exista tendinta de a se omite should dupa lest si de a se folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. Este posibil ca el sa ajunga aici la timp. whichever. It was possible that he might be here in time. you have no right to do this. Study hard so that/in order that you may pass the exam. Dupa cum reiese din exemplele de mai sus. Ex. Wherever I may/might be. I hope that he may pass the exam. No matter who you may/might be. Intrebari introduse prin how. nu ai dreptul sa faci asta.when. why. Whoever you may/might be. may. Ex. no matter when. I studied hard so that/in order that I might pass the exam. in order that Ex. Era posibil ca el sa fi ajuns aici la timp. Ex. iti voi telefona. Sper ca el sa treaca examenul. . Dupa to hope. whatever sau dupa formulele echivalente no matter who. May success attend you! Fie ca succesul sa fie cu tine! May you live long and be happy! Fie sa traiesti mult si sa fii fericit. to be afraid Ex. Oriunde as fi. fie in vorbirea indirecta. might Ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. Hurry up lest you miss the train. b. Dupa so that. fie in vorbirea direca. Invata serios ca sa treci examenul. daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul prezent. may poate aparea in lozinci si urari: Ex. whenever. in secundara se foloseste may. you have no right to do this. wherever. etc. Dupa it is possible. in secundara se foloseste might. Mi-era teama sa nu cada la examen. Am invatat serios ca sa trec examenul. Oricine ai fi. where. I was afraid that he might fail the exam. iar daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul trecut. It is possible that he may be here in time. How should I know where he is now? De unde sa stiu unde este el acum? I don’t see why you should be so rude to him. Dupa whoever. however. Nu vad de ce sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. I will ring you up. it was possible Ex.

2. I regret I have only one child. I regret I can’t go to the concert. 9. 6. 9. 1. I am sorry I was late for the party. I am sorry I can’t play the piano. Mi-as dori sa pot/sa am permisiunea de a imprumuta masina ta. verbele respective aduc in propozitie si sensul lor initial. I am sorry I didn’t win the Great Prize. I was sorry you had got a fine. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Tense (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry/I regret the weather isn’t fine. iar in aceste cazuri. I wish I could speak English. 8. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. 5. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. echivalentii de subjonctiv sunt la origine verbe modale. 3. I am sorry it rains so often. 10. 8. Exisa situatii când se pot folosi si alte verbe modale decât cele expuse in acest capitol ca echivalenti de subjonctiv. I regretted you couldn’t come to me yesterday. 10. 2. 4. 7. I am sorry you live so far away. 7.Nota: Dupa cum se poate observa. 2. 6. . I wish the weather were fine. 5. I regret you didn’t win the competition. 3. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Perfect (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry I lost my umbrella. I regret I have no children. I am sorry I don’t live in Bucharest. I am sorry books are so expensive. I regret I am not a student. Mi-as dori sa pot vorbi engleza/sa fiu in stare sa vorbesc engleza. I am sorry you were delayed at the office. I wish I might borrow your car. I am sorry you had an accident. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 1. I regretted the weather was bad when I was on holiday. I wish I hadn’t lost my umbrella. Ex. 1. I am sorry I had no money to buy that painting. I was sorry you were out when I called. 4. I am sorry my friend is ill.

7. 13. Mi-as dori sa incetezi sa te mai vaicaresti pentru ca am si eu necazurile mele. 8. If only my telephone (work)! 11. I’d rather I (stay) at home and (watch) TV. It’s high time he (take) a job and (stop) living on his parents. 1. 6.3. He wishes he (have) a good English teacher in the next academic year. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: 1. I am cold. 12. 10. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + would + infinitiv scurt: Model: I am sorry he will not take my advice. 9. 6. Ce pacat ca ploua! Daca n-ar ploua. 16. 20. 2. I am sorry they will not sign the contract. He would rather his daughter (not get married) so young. 4. I am sorry he won’t accept my proposal. 8. I regret I won’t spend my holiday in England. 5. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. Bine ar fi sa fii mai ordonata! 5. 14. 3. It’s time I (get) a promotion! 5. I would marry you even if you (be) a pauper. 10. 2. 5. I regret he will stay in hospital so long. am putea merge la plaja! . 2. 3. I would rather you (not waste) your time! 4. Mi-as dori sa incetezi cu zgomotul acela chiar in acest moment. I wish I (not catch) a cold on the trip yesterday. 7. It’s time we (go) home. I wish I (enter) the faculty last year. It is high time you (start) studying for your exam. 4. I wish he would take my advice. I regret you won’t come on holiday with me. I am sorry I will get fat when giving up smoking. 3. If only I (be) in Italy now! 9. If only I (not forget) his phone number! 18. I would rather he (tell) me the truth. 17. Puneti verbele din paranteze la forma corecta de subjonctiv: 1. I am sorry you won’t take a driving licence. I am sorry he will be away for such a long time. 15. I regret I won’t have a phone in my new flat. I regret I won’t be able to read Goethe in the original. Bine ar fi sa nu fi facut atâtea greseli la lucrarea de control. You behave as if you (own) the place. 4. I would rather you (close) that window. If only I (become) a millionaire. Don’t treat me as if I (be) a child. He wishes his book (become) a best-seller! 19.

Este foarte important ca acest contract sa fie semnat foarte curând. Ce pacat ca nu mai sunt tânar! 8. 9. Este important ca tu sa stii engleza bine. E timpul sa-mi inapoiezi banii pe care ti I-am imprumutat. Ti-ai dori sa fi fost invitata la petrecerea lui John? 7. 6. 8. 20. Ea arata de parca ar fi manechin. 5. Profesorul sugereaza ca noi sa citim aceasta carte.6. El a sugerat ca noi sa cumparam aceasta casa. 2. 12. 5. la tara. 6. 3. Prietenul meu a insistat sa merg cu el la concert. 9. Era ciudat ca el sa nu fi citit aceasta carte. 7. Este necesar sa fii informat despre ce se intâmpla in tara. Este necesar sa fiu prezent la aceasta sedinta? 7. 19. Ea se poarta cu el de parca ar fi sotul ei. Jane si-ar dori sa-mi petrec sfârsitul de saptamâna cu ea. Este imposibil ca el sa se fi intors atât de devreme. Vorbesti ca si cum ai fi suparata pe mine. 14. Directorul a cerut ca toata lumea sa fie prezenta la ora 8. dar eu prefer sa mergi la bunicul. 11. Stiu ca tu ti-ai dori sa-ti petreci vacanta intr-o tabara. 7. 13. 10. E ora 10! Nu crezi ca era demult timpul sa te scoli si sa te apuci de lucru? 15. 8. Este enervant ca tu sa fi uitat sa-mi aduci cartea inapoi. 4. Este probabil ca fiul meu sa fi luat examenul. As prefera sa mergi la teatru. Mama a hotarât ca noi sa stam acasa. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent: 1. 3. 2. Am sugerat sa-l alegem presedinte. As prefera sa ma scol mai devreme. 16. Este imposibil ca el sa se intoarca atât de devreme. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de sobjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent sau trecut: 1. Vrei sa spui ca este probabil sa ne petrecem concediul in Bucuresti? 10. Insist ca tu sa accepti aceasta slujba. . 4. Directorul a propus ca eu sa lucrez in alt sector. Era demult timpul sa incepi sa citesti cartile cerute pentru examenul de literatura româna. El mi-a vorbit ca si cum nu se intâmplase nimic intre noi. As prefera sa merg la teatru. As prefera sa te scoli mai devreme. 17. 18. 6.

He throws money away as if he (be) a rich man. 3. nu poti câstiga un astfel de concurs. 6. It is strange that she (leave) the lights on when she left the town. 9.8. El a intrat in casa fara zgomot. 2. I closed the window so that it (not get) too cold. 8. Oricine ti-ar fi spus asta despre mine. I propose that we (leave) by the 9 o’clock train. It is desirable that they (divorce) immediately. 8. 11. nu ar fi trebuit sa crezi. 7. nu te pot crede. 4. Oricât te-ai stradui.If only I (have) a brother or a sister! LECTIA VIII MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE In limba engleza. I wish I (find) another. It is impossible that my sister (tell) this to you yesterday. forma –ing (gerunziul si participiul prezent) si participiul trecut. I closed the window lest (get) too cold. 13. 6. modurile nepersonale sunt urmatoarele: infinitivul. 14. Orice mi-ai spune. 5. I wish my car (not break down) last week. No matter how/however absent – minded you (be). 10. 19. All success (attend) you! 18. The road is wet. Da-te la o parte ca sa vad (astfel incât sa pot vedea) ecranul. I wish I (be) there when it happened. drive carefully lest you (have) an accident. nu ar trebui sa ma minti. Am facut un imprumut ca sa (astfel incât sa) pot sa-mi cumpar casa. Vorbeste mai tare ca sa te aud (asfel incât sa te pot auzi). 10. you should remember your own phone number. 20. Oricare ar fi motivul. 16. Inlocuiti infinitivele din paranteze cu unul dintre tipurile de subjonctiv sau cu un echivalent de subjonctiv: 1. I suggested that we (take) a taxi. I’ve told you everything so that you (understand) my position. eu voi fi acasa si te voi astepta. She speaks about her son as if he (be) a genius. The doctor recommended that the patient (have) an operation. Infinitivul poate avea aspect. 12. Oricând te vei intoarce. 17. I have such a boring job. 5. astfel incât sa nu-l aud eu. 3. 7. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv may sau might + infinitivul prezent: 1. Este posibil ca ea sa fie plecata din oras. diateza si timpuri. 2. I’d rather you (retire) as soon as possible. 9. Diateza activa -infinitiv prezent simplu: to call -infinitiv prezent continuu: to be calling -infinitiv perfect simplu: to have called . 9. 4. 15. I have to work hard so that my company (prosper).

to cause. Atât participiul prezent cât si gerunziul se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ing la infinitivul verbelor (to call – calling). I’d like him to come with me. to order.) b. Aceste verbe sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). I want you to go now. (El a ordonat sa se incuie usa. Ex. (Vreau ca tu sa pleci acum.) I want John to do this. to like. Ex.) He ordered the door to be locked. to watch.) c. to hear. (L-am facut sa invete engleza.-infinitiv perfect continuu: to have been calling Diateza pasiva -infinitiv prezent simplu: to be called -infinitiv perfect: to have been called Forma -ing. o permisiune sau o cauzalitate: to make. (As vrea ca el sa vina cu mine. to allow.) Exista câteva tipuri de verbe care accepta acest tip de constructii: a. Ex. (Vreau ca John sa faca aceasta. to dislike. Diateza activa -nedefinit: calling -perfect: having called Diateza pasiva -nedefinit: being called . Verbele to make si to let sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to).) I let him go out and play. to feel. I made him study English. (L-am lasat sa iasa afara sa joace fotbal. Ex. el reprezinta forma a IIIa: -to call – called – called -to go – went – gone Constructii cu infinitivul 1.perfect: having been called Participiul trecut se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ed la verbele regulate. to wish. (L-am vazut ca paraseste camera/parasind camera. in cazul verbelor neregulate. verbe exprimând un ordin. Adverbe exprimând dorinta sau vointa: to want. I saw him leave the room. to hate. Participiul prezent si gerunziul pot avea timpuri si diateza.) . verbe exprimând perceptia senzoriala: to see. Acuzativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un verb urmat de un pronume sau substantiv in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv.

folosit cu verbe la diateza pasiva: to see. to consider. He was made to study English. (Se spune ca el este un bun scriitor. cu verbele: to happen. He is said to be a good writer. verbe declarative: to state. to know.) I happened to meet him in the street.) If I happen to meet him. (Consider ca el este un bun student. to believe. b. I consider him to be a good student. to appear -la diateza activa: Ex. He proved to be a good journalist. to admit. I made him study English. I will tell him where you are. They declared him to be the man of the year. a. verbe exprimând perceptia mentala: to think. (El a recunoscut ca stirile erau false. (Daca se va intâmpla sa-l intâlnesc. to make. to prove.) Sunt situatii in care Nominativul cu Infinitivut exprima o formulare pasiva a Acuzativului cu Infinitiv: Ex.) They declared him to be the man of the year. to turn out.) I expected him to come in time. to seem. cu anumite verbe urmate de prepozitii obligatorii: to rely upon/on. (El s-a dovedit a fi un bun jurnalist. (Ma bazez pe tine sa faci aceasta. to declare. (Ei l-au declarat a fi omul anului. to suppose. to say.d. to count upon/on . I rely on you to do this. He considered the news to be false. He admitted the news to be false. I consider him to be a good student. (M-am asteptat ca el sa vina la timp.) f.) Nota: Trebuie remarcat faptul ca expresia impersonala din limba româna se . to expect. to consider.) 1. to suppose. to understand. Ex. to hear. He is considered to be a good student. to know. to believe.) e. ii voi spune unde esti. (S-a intâmplat sa-l intâlnesc pe strada. Nominativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un subiect in nominativ + un verb la diateza pasiva sau activa + un verb la infinitiv. to expect. He was declared to be the man of the year. Ex. Ex. The news was considered to be false. Ex.

precum si cu verbele to find. (Aceasta ramâne sa o decida el.) This remains for him to decide.) It is necessary for me to go there. It is easy for me to do this. 1.) Nota: Din nou avem in limba engleza o expresie personala care se traduce in româneste cu o expresie impersonala. Diferenta de sens intre cele doua constructii este urmatoarea: folosirea acuzativului cu infinitiv pune accentul pe actiunea propriu-zisa. in timp ce acuzativul cu participiu arata actiunea in desfasurare. aceasta constructie este asemanatoare cu Acuzativul cu Infinitiv. a. Constructii cu participiul prezent 1. (Am lasat-o / gasit-o plângând. to hear. to smell. For – phrase Consta din propozitia for + un substantiv sau pronume in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv.) In cazul verbelor de perceptie.) Nota: Ultimele doua propozitii se se pot reda in limba engleza si cu ajutorul subjonctivului. Daca vrem sa traducem expresia personala: „Ea e sigura ca va veni la timp" o redam in modul urmator: „She is sure the she will come in time". In timp ce I saw her leaving se poate traduce numai Am vazut-o plecând. (E usor sa fac asta. Acuzativ cu participiu Se foloseste cu verbe exprimând perceptie senzorial: to see. (Este necesar ca eu sa merg acolo. to leave. I saw him leaving (L-am vazut plecând. (Am auzit-o cântând. Ex. tradusa cu o expresie personala in limba engleza. cu expresiile: to be sure / likely / unlikely / certain Ex. (E sigur ca ea va veni la timp.) I heard her singing. 2. It is impossible that I (should) come. (Este imposibil ca el sa vina.intâmpla sa este. Ex. Astfel: I saw her leave s-ar putea traduce Am vazut-o ca pleaca sau Am vazut-o plecând. She is sure to come in time. de obicei. Nominativ cu Participiu .) It is impossible for him to come. Ex.) I left / found her crying. to watch. It is necessary that I (should) go there.

3. 3. 4. 10. Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. Ex.) Constructie cu participiul trecut Este formata din verbul to have sau to get + un complement + participiul trecut. L-am vazut vorbind cu prietena lui. Stiam ca el e un om foarte ocupat. She had two sons killed in the war. 9. we shall go to the beach. 13. Ex: The classes being over. am mers acasa. Ex: I must have/get mz shoes repaired. . Este de asemenea sa apara situatii in care actiunea exprimata de participiul trecut este facuta de altcineva in detrimentul persoanei exprimate de subiect. (Trebuie sa-mi dau pantofii la reparat. Am auzit-o certându-si copilul. 11. El voia ca eu sa-l ajut. Cred ca el e un sot bun. (Voi merge sa ma coafez. Inteleg ca ea e o profesoara foarte buna. 8. Cineva mi-a spart geamul din dormitor. Mama ar vrea ca eu sa devin doctor. 12.) Aceasta constructie arata ca actiunea este facuta de catre altcineva spre avantajul sau la ordinul persoanei reprezentate de subiect. I-am privit jucând fotbal. 31 of 42 2. 6.) I will have my hair done.) Weather permitting. (Daca vremea va permite. (Ea a fost auzita cântând. John a recunoscut ca vina era a lui. vom merge la plaja. I had my bedroom window broken. 5. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind constructia Acuzativ cu Infinitiv sau Acuzativ cu Participiu: 1. Ma bazez pe tine sa-mi imprumuti niste bani. (Orele fiind terminate. I-au fost ucisi doi fii in razboi. 7. M-am asteptat sa vii mai devreme. Nominativul absolut Este o constructie participiala care are un subiect al ei propriu.Este pasivul constructiei Acuzativ cu Participiu: Ex: He was seen leaving. Am vazut câtiva copii jucându-se in parc. we went home.) She was heard singing. (El a fost vazut plecând. Ea m-a facut sa inteleg ce se intâmplase.

It is important that you should come to the office. It is recommendable that you should read this book. at once. It is necessary that he be present. It was proved that she was a liar. This is a good book.14. I didn’t want her to miss the train. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia Nominativ cu Infinitiv. You should take it. 10. Everybody. 15. The match was about to begin. The people were impatient. 2. 2. I ordered a taxi. 3. It is important to know the truth. 5. 3. It’s time you started learning foreign languages. 6. It is expected that he will arrive at 2 o’clock. 3. 8. 4. 5. The time has come. 4. Presupuneam ca el stie sa conduca masina. 2. She was thought to be a gifted child. I can’t solve it. El m-a facut sa pierd trenul. . 4. 1. It is possible that the plane might be delayed. 7. 7. I can’t believe she said that. 3. 9. Expected that he would resign. 5. They said she was ill. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia „forphrase": Model: It is important that I should know the truth. We should have a heart to heart talk. 9. 6. You should bear it in mind. Folositi drept subiect pronumele subliniate: Model: Her parents thought she was a gifted child. This fact is important. This is a strange thing. 4. I don’t want you to catch a cold. 7. People believed he was a brilliant surgeon. This translation is easy for me to make. This problem is too difficult. It is necessary that you should study the matter seriously. 10. This is a valuable piece of advice. I thought she was unable to win the contest. We should do it now. This is the main thing. It is advisable that you should resign. I have closed the window. I cam make it. 1. 8. 2. 8. It seemed that she was satisfied with me. They heard him repeat it several times. It is possible that I might buy a car. You should read it. 6. It’s time we met again. It is impossible that he should have said that. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind constructia „for-phrase": Model: This translation is easy. 1.

we shall climb to the top of the mountain. we sat down to dinner. I had to change them. Do I have? Exercitiul 2: . Does he remember? 7. 10. the audience left the hali. I don’t have. I saw her lying on the beach. I heard the child breaking the vase. I went to post it. He doesn’t have. It is sure they have had an argument. 5. She heard the baby crying. The concert being over. Everybody being at home. I saw the plane landing. 10. 2. 9. 32 of 42 CHEIA EXERCITIILOR LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exercitii cu Present Simple si Continuous Exercitiul l: 1. 8. 7. I don’t understand. 4. 5. She doesn’t talk. I don’t trust. The river having risen in the night. I saw her fainting. 10. She heard the hunters shooting. The sun having risen. The mud having ruined my shoes. I went shopping. It happened that she made three spelling mistakes in her letter. Does he have? 9. 2. The letter being written. They don’t live. 5. we hurried to the beach. I found the boy breaking the window. Weather permitting. I don’t always believe. The rain having stopped. transformându-le in Nominativ cu Participiu: Model: I heard the dog barking. l. I went home relaxed. He doesn’t remember. 6. Do they live? 8. Do I understand? 4. You don’t play. Do I trust? 10. Do you play? 5. 4. I could hear her typing. I found her digging in the garden.9. I stopped smoking. I saw the peasants working in the field. 8. I don’t love. 6. The dog was heard barking. Do I always believe? 6. The decision being taken in my favour. Traduceti in limba româna urmatoarele propozitii cu constructia Nominativul absolut: 1. 3. 3. Does she talk? 3. 9. Do I love? 2. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele constructii Acuzativ cu Participiu. 7. we were seared about having floods. The plane having taken off. 6.

The customer is just choosing a pair of shoes. am taking. don’t understand. it often rains. 3. he doesn’t get up early. speaks. He didn’t forbid. I am not going. He isn’t telling. 7. He didn’t come. write. He didn’t translate. the teacher was writing. 5. I like to swim a lot. 2. What are you doing? Are you reading or watching TV? 5. I played. He doesn’t go to school by underground. I always made. Is he telling? 4. Did we work? 7. That sounded. are you hurrying? I don’t want. Did I sell? 6. 4. 16. drinks. 2. What book are you reading? 10. She is packing her luggage. 8. 19. I am cooking. The child isn’t learning. he walks. I was talking. I often read English books. When I go to the seaside. someone rang up. I was writing. Is Ann knitting? 10. Did I enjoy? 9. always borrow/is always borrowing. 19. Is it raining? 2. he had. 9. On Sundays. I am not having. 17. 14. Exercitiul 2: 1. 10. Do you dream? I dream 9. he was working. We didn’t work. go. Why are you opening the window? I5. 14. Whom are you ringing up? 13. They didn’t drink. I . Are you typing? 5. I didn’t sell. I met. he waslearning.I liked. Did they drink? 3. Do you like? 8. 5. Is my mother resting? 8. You aren’t typing. do you do? 3. Did he come? 8. I didn’t hate. 5. are you thinking? I am thinking. Am I having? 3. 10. He met. 20. remembers. Did I hate? 4. you came in. 9. At what time does John get up in the morning? 11. 1 first met. were you going. What do you do on your free days? 12. Is the child learning? Exercitiul 3: l. I do not study in the evening. Is my friend wearing? 7. You drank. I didn’t enjoy. I don’t like coffee. Now I am doing my homework in English. Are they swimming? 6. 4. You spoke. he is having. Did he translate? 10. My mother isn’t resting. are you waiting? I am waiting. It isn’t raining. They aren’t swimming. I entered. You asked. 7. He didn’t change. 8. 18. What are you speaking about? Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. How often do you write to your parents? 18. She goes shopping on Saturdays. Do you smoke? 17. is drinking. Did he forbid? Exercitiul 3: 1. Do you usually get. 3. 4. I slept. 3. it is raining. 8. Did he think? 2. We aren’t studying. 11. Are you writing. 20. I always have. 6. The secretary is just typing a report. My friend isn’t wearing. 6. 15. 6. I owned. were you doing? 7. He didn’t think. 1 don’t like. Are we studying? 9. It snows in winter. Do you know? Exercitiul 4: l. 2. 4. 12. Did he change? 5. 13. 2.l. am. 7. Do you go? 16. 6. Ann isn’t knitting.

Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: l. Where have you spent your holiday this year? 3. 4. I didn’t go to the swimming pool. 9. 10. 6. 5. began. I have just had. 9. 11 . Have you watered? 3. I was watching. 20. the sun didn’t set at 8 o’clock. 5. A strong wind was blowing when I left the house. I got up. Exercitiul 4: 1. Have you lived? I have lived. I have been cooking. He has been fishing. have you cooked? 7. I have been asking. I saw. I found this old photo. I have lost. 8. Where did you spend your holiday last summer? 15. What were you doing last Tuesday. When did you buy this TV set? 12. Have you read? 18. Have you been? I have been. he wasn’t wearing. Last Sunday. 3. It has been raining. 14. She has changed. 8. 9.. 4. 2. I returned. have you been wearing? 6. How long have you been learning English? 5. have you been. He hasn’t come. The child has been playing. He has been a Minister for two years. I didn’t succeed. Have you seen? she left. He has just left. This time yesterday it was raining. I have’ been shopping. I5. 9. 10. Last week I was ill and 1 didn’t go to school.6. 8. 7. haven’t you seen? did you use? 2. I haven’t been. 17. the engine – drivers have gone. I have already seen. I was. 7. The boys were playing cards when they heard their father entering the house. at 7 o’clock in the morning? I was preparing to go to the faculty. 19. 4. Yesterday I got up early. I have been watering. Who won the match the day before yesterday? 20. While it was raining. 16. I have lent. Have you been. 18. 7. When did you return from the mountains? 11. 13. he has caught. she was having. They hid the cards away and took out their school books. I have bought. Two days ago I fell and I broke my leg. 3. He has always relied. 4. 6. 8. Last night. I . Have you visited? 12. Exercitiul 4: 1. We have known. I haven’t written. 6. I got. he realized.arrived. Who has taught you to speak English so well? 2. 10. He has been. 9. Have you ever eaten? 13. 2. 4. I was driving to Sinaia. I have been wearing. we left. 5. Yesterday. 2. Have you ever tried? I tried. Did you sleep well last night? 3. Have you paid? 19. 7. While I was looking for my passport. 5. I have often thought of taking a driving licence. He hasn’t gone. 17. 14. Exercitiul 3: I. I had breakfast and then I left for school. The weather has got warmer lately. Exercitiul 2: l. He sat for his first exam last week. Have you ever driven? 16. 10. Yesterday I lost my gloves. The radio has been playing. 1t hasn’t rained. He has been sleeping. I got up late yesterday morning. I have been doing. my friends played chess.

had listened. she had been studying. I called. I have seldom walked to my office. I realized I had left my bag at home. 3. Have you already had breakfast? Yes. 5. I found out. we realized. it had been raining. I spent a month here. 2. He hadn’t done anything before he asked for my advice. I stayed at home and I haven’t regretted it for a moment! 16. 8. had been speaking. had spread. I had met. They have been working on this house for a year and they haven’t finished it yet. she had been writing. 4. we had lost. 5. he had caught. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" Exercitiul 1: 1. 2. 7. had been climbing. Have you seen today’s newspaper? 17. 4. 3. it had been raining. A child has broken the window. he handed it to the teacher. She had just gone out. Has John left? Yes. They travelled to many countries after they had got married. she had already been. 11. 14. we asked. 10. he went. 7. What did you look at? It was an accident. 3. Exercitii cu Past Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. I had returned. 10. We must replace it. 6. 9. he had been. 9. she had been cleaning and dusting. Have you been to this town before? Yes. he had thought. 10. As soon as the guests had left. he had visited. I shall/will know. I entered. You will be. 9. 4. he had learned/he had been learning. 19. I went to bed. It has been snowing for two hours. Since I bought a car. We have been walking since 3 o clock. 7. 5. 8. 8. they had been waiting. he had got married. 4. The secretary told me the manager had been speaking on the phone for half an hour. Who did you vote for at the last elections? I didn’t go to vote. Exercitiul 3: 1. it had been raining. 3. 18. 10. I had it at 8 o’clock. We have walked 10 km so far. had been cooking. Exercitiul 2: 1. she told. 12. 8. 9. 5. we had been walking. 8. she had not passed. 20. 2. He thanked me for what I had done for him. 10. they had been. had left. congratulated. As soon as he had finished writing the paper. Will you recognize? 4. I didn’t phone you because I thought you had gone abroad. I shall/will remember. two years ago. When I arrived at the bus stop. he left an hour ago. 6. Exercitiul 4: 1. he told.have been translating a text for two hours and I haven’t finished it yet. 3. had eaten. They told me they had been living in France since 1980. had not told. 13. . 2. 5. I was sorry I had hurt him. He has written only two letters since he went abroad. 6. they had finished. he went. had been having. 6. 2. I rang him up. 15. had been swimming. 9. 7.

You will not/won’t find. She will be watching. 2. 7. 3. he would finish. 7. I shall/will have been working. Exercitiul 4: 1. 8. she has changed. 5. 8.You will like. 9. did not remember. I shall/will be working. you spoke. would be cancelled. I had done. 3. he would give. begin. 7. 8. he has repaired. you would soon have. 3. The train will have left before we arrive at the station. 6. they will have been married. 10. 9. they were talking. Because of the strike of the bus – drivers. 9. I shall/will have paid off. I shall/will be having. 4. 7. 8. 8. 6. 8. he wanted. would end. will/shall will be climbing. 4. I shall/will be swimming. he had been travelling. 5. 10. 4. you were. Look what I have bought at an auction! It’s a very beautiful object. I have bought a typewriter and I shall learn to type. he would win. he would pass. By this time next year. will have risen. he . He will be studying. I shall/will have finished. 8. wilt be rising. she looks. prices would go up. I shall/will succeed. 7. 5. 3. 6. Exercitiul 2: 1. they will be having their last English class. I usually read. Exercitiul 3: 1. I had lost. 5. 6. 6. he had left. 2. 5. many people will be going to work on foot tomorrow. arrive. 10. By 10 o’clock she will have finished cleaning the house. 2. Will you be needing? 5. 3. 3. I shall/will have read 8. 3. you see. I have. 2. you see. I have received. On Friday. I shall/will have been cooking. 10. 7. will have spent. 6. 9. Where will you put it? LECTIA II Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Exercitiul 1: 1. 2. Exercitiul 3: 1. they would remain. What will you be doing tomorrow morning at 11 o’clock? I shall/will be visiting the international fair. I had read. you were. it will probably be raining. I would remain. had already begun. I had not enjoyed. By the end of the month I shall/will have seen this film 5 times. We shall/will have taken. I had heard. 4. was shining. will be crying. You will have seen. he had stolen. you finish. 10. he had just left. I played/I was playing. 2. 9. he would drive. 9. I shall/will have saved five million lei. 6. 4. between twelve and one o’clock. 4. 2. I shall/will pass. 7. You had to type. we had been digging. Exercitiut 2: 1. 5. 7. 10. He will be studying in the library on Monday from one to five o’clock. 10. 4. He will be. Exercitiul 4: 1. Wil1 you remember? 9. 6. 9.

3. 8. 4. 10. 19. 3. you were. 13. 3. you will not find. 2. I will tell you the truth after I have found it myself. I have been reading. they had been listening. 4. 16. 15. I moved. she notices you have broken. will you promise? 6. I knew you were in Bucharest. I have suffered. 10. Exercitiul 2: 1. 17. 2. 18. 14. he had to write. 12. Would you buy? 4. 4. I finish. he had not expected. you do. Father will give me a present after I have passed the exam. 10. I will greet 2. you will be. 3. I finish. I didn’t remember that we had met a year before. it would not be raining when I arrived. we will drink. I want. Exercitiul 5: 1. he would have. I was. 9. I was. 8. he would not remember. he had eaten. The policeman will ask me what I have seen during the accident. he had never seen. he would change. 2. would not go. he trusted. 14. 5. you will not pass. 10. 6. will soon move. 10. he would take. there are. I promised him I would write to him when I arrived in London. The thief did not realize that the police had been following him for a week. 15. is. 16. 7. 10. He asked me how many letters there are in the Chinese alphabet and I couldn’t answer him. 8. Exercitiul 6: 1. I work/I worked. you take. 5. 3. 11. 11. 12. 7. I will lend. 9. it goes on. 5. would you go? Exercitiul 3: . The secretary told me the manager was busy. 13. 18. 9. I had not decided. he has arrived. is. do not eat. you had been wearing. I gave up. 7. you have just told. 5. is. 9. 35 of 42 LECTIA III Exercitii cu fraze conditionale Exercitiul 1: l. 6. we went. you are reading. they have been. The car I will buy will be imported from Germany. I wouldn’t do. 7. they have done. 8. 20.tells. melts. 2. 19. 4. 20. I had not eaten. 9. 17. 11. had failed. I would buy. 5. He was very upset because he had lost his dictionary and he was not sure he would find a new one in the bookshops. 12. you have drunk. I would spend. I knew. 7. he hoped. she has learnt. they had known. 6. Exercitiul 7: l. 6. I will buy. we reach. I read. I will earn/will be earning. you see. you have read. she will be. I didn’t stay at home to wait for you because I didn’t know when you would come. 8. he would not make. is born.

3. would you give him some? 3. he had tried. 2. If it rains. Mamaia would be an ideal place for a holiday if there weren’t so many people there. 6. Would you have been angry if I had taken your pencil? 10. I had worked. the streets would be wet. 10. I had known. He told me to open the door. Exercitiul 2: 1. 7. 6. 7. What will you do if you meet John? 11. He told me to write him a letter when I got to England. 4. 8. 10. you had invited. 5. If you hadn’t shut the window I would have been cold. 7. He said she would go shopping right then.l. 7. If dinner is not ready in time. 7. 9. He told me to read that text. He said he had seen that film a week before. 4. I will eat at a restaurant. You will catch the train if you take a taxi. he would have told. You would have caught the train if you had taken a taxi. If a beggar asked you for money. 4. I would have answered. He said he had spent his holiday at the seaside the year before. 2. He said he had gone to England two years before. 8. 2. You would catch the train if you took a taxi. He said he was very busy on that day. 10. I had not told. What would you have done if you had met John? Exercitiul 6: l. 2. 3. 11. the streets will be wet. He said if he had been at home he would have answered the phone. he had realized. 5. 6. 5. 2. He said he thought it was going to rain the next day. It would have been. 5. 10. If it rained. I will be disappointed if I don’t find out the truth. I would knit another sweater if I had more wool. Will you be angry if I take your pencil? 8. 9. I will answer. He told me not to cross the street on a . you will be. 8. Exercitiul 4: l. 6. He said John had left for Sinaia two days before. Would you be angry if I took your pencil? 9. 12. I saw. I were. He said the weather had been fine the day before. He told/asked/ordered me not to drive so fast. You will see him if you wait. What would have happened if you had driven at a high speed? 4. What would you do if you meet John? 12. you wouldn’t have got. 4. I would have answered. He said he didn’t remember where he had bought that dictionary. he will get. 6. 3. 2. you had driven. He said he was going to have a nap that afternoon. I would like the play more if it were shorter. I would not have made. the streets would have been wet. We won’t go for a walk if the rain doesn’t stop/unless the rain stops. 5. 4. LECTIA IV Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta Exercitiul 1: 1. 5. you would have read. 3. he leaves. If it had rained. He said if he had enough money he would buy a car the next year. 9. 8. 3. Exercitiul 5: 1. 9.

8. The tourists were shown the museum (by the guide). 6. 4. The work will be finished today (by them). They are taught English (by me). 7. Exercitiul 2: 1. 12. 2. He asked me what I was going to do the next day. A nice present has been given to me (by them). 2. He asked me which of those cakes I preferred. He asked me if I could lend him a book. 5. He asked me when the rain had stopped. John has been lent two of my books (by me). I have been given a nice present (by them). 4. He asked me who that man was. He asked me if the train had left. He told me to take that pill. 2. The way will be shown to us by the policeman. 9. 4. 10. 3. He asked me how I had travelled. 7. I will be given a reward (by . 5. 3. He asked me if I would help him. 10. 6. He told me to be careful with his books. He asked me if my mother had been at home. He asked me if I had bought that book the day before. 6.red light. 5. 7. 8. 7. He told me not to interrupt him when he was speaking. A new supermarket was being built in that district last month. 7. A new house is being built round the corner (by them). He asked me how long I had been learning . He asked me if I drank coffee every day. He asked me if I knew what that word meant/means. He asked me when I would be back.9. 11. Exercitiul 3: 1. My TV set will be repaired by a specialist. 3. The Romanian film director was awarded the Great Prize (by the jury). Your bag has been found (by him). English is taught to them (by me). He asked me if I would like a cake. Exercitiul 4: 1. He asked me if I could come to tea that afternoon. I was frightened by the noise. Football is played all over the world. LECTIA V Exercitii cu diateza pasiva Exercitiul 1: 1. The missing child has been found (by someone). 2. 8. 10 He asked me if I could speak English. 6. 8.English. The patient was prescribed some pills (by the doctor). The Great Prize was awarded to the Romanian film director (by the jury). We will be shown the way by the policeman. 9. 5. He asked me if 1 had been at the library the day before. He asked me how long it took me to reach my office. when I passed by. Two of my books have been lent to John (by me). He asked me if I had lived in London for a long time. He asked me where I would spend my weekend. My friend will be invited to a party (by me). Some pills were prescribed to the patient (by the doctor). 9. He told me not to smoke so much. The museum was shown to the tourists (by the guide). Something must be done for himby his coworkers. He asked me why it was so dark in that room. He told me to ring him up when I arrived home. 4. 6. 8. 10. 3.

The professor’s lecture was listened to by all the students. 12. My friend recommended me a very good doctor. 6. A reward will be given to me (by them). The doctor was called for (by us). They held a reception in his honour.actrus. The teacher will tell the pupils where to sit. His bed hasn’t been slept in (by him). People http://quintet. 8. Nothing has been heard about him since he left for Constanta. This piece of information must be treated confidentially.They have built this house out of stone and cement. 6. 10. The rescue party finally discovered the climber. We were asked to show our passports. Will the letter be written in ink? 3. 7. Were you frightened by the tornado? 5. 6. This stamp hasn’t been well stuck on the envelope. 10.them). 4. Detailed instructions will be given to us about the paper. 5. 9. Has the dog been fed? 7. Exercitiul 4: 1. 2. Will the details be told to him? Will he be told the details? 6. 9. 7. Exercitiul 3: 1. Many new blocks are being built in our district. The children weren’t looked after properly (by them). LECTIA VI . Haven’t you been told to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. 2. Don’t speak until you are spoken to (by someone). We will be given detailed instructions about the paper. His odd behaviour couldn’t be accounted for (by us). 8. I’m not always told the truth by my friend. Fire was set to the shed (by them). I was asked a difficult question by the teacher. Was he shocked by the sight of the accident? 8. 5.: 3. When he arrived home he realized his wallet had been stolen. America was discovered at the end of the 15th century. 13. Exercitiul 6: l. Foreign languages are spoken in this hotel. 15. His proposal was objected to (by us).h tml speak English all over the world. We were told very interesting things at the conference. very interesting things were told to us at the conference. 5. 2. Has the TV set been repaired? 2. People will soon forget this book. The letter will be mailed as soon as possible. People mustn’t take away these books. 4. 4. 3. The museum was closed for repairs. 9.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. The house was broken into (by burglars). All the visitors of the museum admire this painting. A difficult question was asked of me by the teacher. 8. 9. The truth is not always told to me by my friend. 3. 7. 11. 10. John was laughed at (by us). Were you told about the meeting? 9. The event was commented on by all the newspapers. 14. The meanings of the new words must be looked up in the dictionary. Do you think your request will be turned down? 10. Would your work have been finished sooner if you hadn’t been interrupted by your colleagues? Exercitiul 5: 1. He hates people making fun of him.

Exercitiul 5: 1. 10. 4. He must have come home. I couldn’t translate. 3. He ought to have told. 4: She must be a very good doctor. Could you help? Will you be able to help? 9. It may/might be a good one. 3. The child will be allowed/permitted to have. 6. You might have written.Exercitii cu verbe modale Exercitiul 1: 1. 10. You will not be allowed/permitted to smoke. She may/might have returned. He could read and write. You were not allowed/permitted to smoke. 6. A good knowledge of English may/might help you. You might have changed. 11. 7. You needn’t have done. 16. 7. 5. He must have been. I will have to go. 9. I will have to learn. 13. 5. It can t have been. She will be able to play. 3 It might have rained. 8. 3. I had to go. You shouldn’t have gone. 4. can. You didn’t have to do. 7. Could Jane type? Will Jane be able to type? 17. You should have visited. She could play. Could he speak? Will he be able to speak? 18. 17. It must have taken a long time. The child was allowed/permitted to have. It may/might rain. 7. I won t be able to translate. He must be older. 2. Exercitiul 2: 1. He may have been. 19. You might have paid. 8. 14. He may/might have done. can. 2. You must have known the lesson. 12. She may/might have been angry. John must have been. You can’t have been. He must have been late. She may/might be very late. 19. 4. You won’t have to do. 15. Was I not allowed/permitted to walk? Shall I be not allowed/permitted to walk? 11. 5. 5. I had to look up. 6. It can’t have been. He could swim. 5. can. 10. Did you have to be? Will you have to be? 20. 9. 2. He should have gone. He may/might have been right. You must have left your umbrella. He will be able to swim. 8. 12. You can’t have seen. can. John could have been. can’t. He needn’t have bought. You were not allowed/permitted to speak. He was not allowed/permitted to come. 8. Everybody was allowed/permitted to borrow. 16. It must have been. can’t. Everybody will be allowed/permitted to borrow. Exercitiul 6: . 4. 9. 13. This must be the best. You won’t be allowed/permitted to speak. 20. He must have been delayed. 6. 15. 10. Exercitiul 3: 1. 6. I may/might come home. You were allowed/permitted to leave. You will be allowed/permitted to leave. I had to learn. He won’t be allowed/permitted to come. She may/might have been out. You must have forgotten. 3. Exercitiul 4: l. He must think. 2. She will be able to read and write. She will be able to lend. She could lend. 18. 14. I will have to look up. 2.

3. 6. 10. 5. needn’t. would. didn’t need to wait. Exercitiul 9: 1. You can’t miss the train. 1 am sure I will be able to find time to help you. Exercitiul 7: 1. mustn’t. Exercitiul 8: l. 9. 8. 2. 9. 10. 10. 8. She can’t have got. shall. 3. 5. 8. 4. 9. 2. needn’t have lent. I didn’t need to ring up Jane in order to speak to her. needn’t. shall. Exercitiul 12: 1. No. I must change my shoes when I enter the house because they are full of mud. The weather can’t change. will. would. 2. needn’t have got up. You needn’t have made coffee for me. 5. 17. 3. 4. Sensuri posibile: „Do you think he will try to enter the faculty?". 4. Exercitiul 13: 1. must have taken. should. 7. shall. shall. can’t have rained. needn’t. 6. 2. She can’t have married. must have been. mustn’t. Exercitiul 11: 1. must have been. must have left. I have already drunk two. Everybody shall be present at the meeting. 6. needn’t have answered. 7. 4. 7. 5. 7. 14. 5. didn’t need to buy. I will have to leave soon. 6. 8. 19. 4. can’t have seen. It can’t be his fault. can’t have left. mustn’t.1. 9. 11. 8. He can’t be at the office. He can’t have passed. I can’t knit. 3. should. needn’t have bought. needn’t. You may ring me up more often when you know I am ill. 10. The teacher told me I might skip the next class. 18. „Do you think he will marry that girl?" etc. 3. should. 10. needn’t. 2. because she was to come to my place in half hour’s time. should. 8. would. 3. 7. today. needn’t have waited. It can’t have been his fault. 13. 6. as I knew the information was recorded on tape. 5. will. can’t have swum. will. can’t have done. 5. 6. 16. S. 9. would. didn’t need to see. 4. 2. 9. will. 10. didn’t need to answer. You will have to help me more today. I could play the piano when I was a child. All the students can and must write this paper. 2. would. You needn’t carry your luggage in the station yourself. The teacher can’t/couldn’t have been satisfied with this answer. a porter could help you. 9. I didn’t need to say „thank you" when I found out the exact time by dialing number 958. She can’t have learned English. 3. 7. needn’t have written. would. 20. needn’t have lent. 12. 6. 7. 4. All the children ought to/should do some housework. mustn’t. we may/might take the bus or the ski-lift. I ought to/should have read the bibliography for the seminar. This can’t be a true story. Need we walk up to the chalet? 15. mustn’t. 10. will. You . Exercitiul 10: 1. will.

I wished you had been able to come to me yesterday. 23. I wish you hadn’t had an accident. 8. you were. S. I wish my friend weren’t ill. 5.I wish I could go to the concert. I wish he wouldn’t stay in hospital so long. 19. 15. 10. I got. 7. I wish you didn’t live so far away. 14. stopped. 4. I hadn’t forgotten. we could go to the beach. 13. You ought to/should have insisted. 5. 3. 3. watched. LECTIA VII Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv Exercitiul 1: 1. wait for a few minutes? 30. 8. you started. I . I wish I would have a phone in my new flat. 7. 10. he took. his book would become. 22. 4. I wish it didn’t rain so often. 6. I wish I didn’t have only one child. Where shall we go now? 28. 9. 18. I wish I wouldn’t get fat when giving up smoking. I wish you hadn’t been delayed at the office. I rang you up and nobody answered. Will you. I wish you had won the competition. 6. Exercitiul 5: l. I wished you hadn’t been out when I called. I wish I had won the Great Prize. you shall have the book tomorrow. I asked to speak to the manager but he wouldn’t come to the phone. I wish they would sign the contract. he would have. 4. 9. I wish/If only it didn’t rain! If it didn’t rain. 2. I had entered. 2. 8.20. I wish I would spend my holiday in England. 7. 3. we went. I wish/If only I hadn’t made so many mistakes in the test-paper! 2. I wish I would able to read Goethe in the original.can’t/couldn’t have been at home last night. 26. I wish you stopped complaining because I have my own troubles. S. 4. I wish books weren’t so expensive. 29. I wish he would accept my proposal. I wished you hadn’t got a fine. I wish you would take a driving licence. 16. I must have been still at the faculty. I wish/If only you were tidier! 5. hadn’t caught a cold. 2. he told. 17. I wish he wouldn’t be away for such a long time. I wish I were a student. I wish you would come on holiday with me. 1 wish I had children. 11. 7. please. 4. I wish I had money to buy that painting. I wish I hadn’t been late for the party. 6. I wish I could pay the piano. I were. Exercitiul 2: l. my telephone worked. you closed. 3. 12. 10. You can’t have found the door open. 6. I wish you stopped that noise right away! 3. his daughter didn’t get married. I would become. I were. Tomorrow I will have to mail the letter. Why did you speak so loud? Somebody might have heard you. I stayed. Exercitiul 4: 1. Exercitiul 3: 1. 10. 9. I had locked it myself 27. 6. Do you wish you had been invited to John’s party? 7. I wish I lived in Bucharest. I wished the weather hadn’t been bad when I was on holiday. 24. 9. 21. You may not speak during the exam. I promise you. 8. you didn’t waste. you owned. 2. 25. too.

we (should) leave. you may/might . It was strange that she shouldn’t have read this book. might prosper. Whenever you may/might return. 7. I will be at home waiting for you. 10. Whoever may/might have told you this about me. I suggested that we (should) elect him president. 3. 4. Whatever you may/might tell me. 11. 13. It’s high time you started reading the books required for the exam in Romanian literature. hadn’t broken down. 4. 2. should have told. 8.wish/If only I were young again! 8. 19. I would rather I got up/I would rather get up earlier. 3. you should have. but I would rather you went to your grandparents in the countryside. 7. 9. 20. 12. 6. it might not get. 4. 7. you shouldn’t lie to me. Exercitiul 8: 1. I insist that you (should) accept this job. 2. 8. Whatever the reason may/might be. It is possible that she might be away. It is annoying that you should have forgotten to bring me back the book. 8. 2. 17. She looks as if she were a model. It’s time you paid me back the money I lent you. You speak as if you were angry with me. The manager requested that everybody (should) be present at 8 o’clock. Mother decided that we (should) stay at home. 2. you retired. It is likely that my son should have passed the exam. you shouldn’t have believed it. Jane wishes I would spend my weekend with her. I made a loan so that I might buy the house. He spoke to me as if nothing had happened between us. 4. It is important that you (should) know English well. 13. you can’t win such a competition. 10. 10. He entered the house noiselessly so that I might not hear him. It is very important that this contract (should) be signed very soon. 18. 6. 12. 6. she should have left. Speak louder so that I may/might hear you. The manager proposed that 1 (should) work in another department. 5. It is impossible that he (should) return so early. Move aside so that I may/might see the screen. My friend insisted that I (should) go to the concert with him. Do you mean it is likely that we (should) spend our holiday in Brasov? 10. 3. I know you wish you would spend your holiday in a camp. 9. 7. Exercitiul 6: 1. 6. It’s 10 o’clock! Don’t you think it’s high time you got up and started working? 15. 8. 11. It is impossible that he should have returned so early. it should get. they (should) divorce. She behaves to him as if he were his husband. I would rather I went/I would rather go to the theatre. 14. It is necessary that you (should) be informed about what is happening in the country. 5. he were. 14. 9. 5. I would rather you got up earlier. 3. 5. I can’t believe you. 16. you may/might be. The teacher suggests that we (should) read this book. Exercitiul 9: 1. I would rather you went to the theatre. It is necessary that I (should) be present at the meeting? Exercitiul 7: 1. He suggested that we (should) buy this house. No matter how hard you may/might try. 9. he were.

2. 4. . It is important for you to come to the office at once. Exercitiul 5: 1. 10. I heard her scold/scolding her child. we should take. She could be heard typing. Exercitiul 4: 1. It is impossible for him to have said that. I would find. The baby was heard crying. 3. 7. 2. I supposed him to be able to drive a car. I saw some children playing in the park. 14. It is necessary for you to study the matter seriously. 8. He was expected to resign. It is possible for the plane to be delayed. I saw him speaking to his friend. I expected you to come earlier. It is recommendable for you to read this book. 2. 13. 4. 9. She seemed to be satisfied with me. I rely on you to lend me some money. 18. The child was heard breaking the vase. 8. 3. This is a strange thing for her to have said. 7. She made me understand what had happened. 8. He wanted me to help him. He is expected to arrive at 2 o’clock. (should) have. They are sure to have had an argument. 7. 3. 6. 10. She (was) proved to be a liar. 8. 3. It’s time for us to meet again. This problem is too difficult for me to solve. 9. It is advisable for you to resign. I had. LECTIA VIII Exercitii cu constructiile verbale Exercitiul 1: 1.understand. 10. 5. I think him to be a good husband. 2. It’s time for you to start learning foreign languages. 19. 3. 6. The peasants were seen working in the field. 5. 5. 12. This fact is important for you to bear in mind. The people were impatient for the match to begin. This is the main thing for us to do. I understand her to be a very good teacher. 6. Mother would like me to become a doctor. 5. 1 knew him to be a very busy man. 4. 15. 4. 7. Exercitiul 2: 1. 4. 9. This is a good book for you to read. He made me miss the train. 20. 8. Exercitiul 3: 1. 6. The time has come for us to have a heart to heart talk. She was thought to be unable to win the contest. She was seen fainting. She was seen lying on the beach. She was said to be ill. 16. It is possible for me to buy a car. 11. 17. I ordered a taxi for her not to miss the train. He was heard to repeat it several times. 2. This is a valuable piece of advice for you to take. 9. I watched them playing football. 10. 7. 5. 6. I had been. The boy was found breaking the window. I have closed the window for you not to catch a cold. It is necessary for him to be present. She happened to make three spelling mistakes in her letter. John admitted the fault to be his. He was believed to be a brilliant surgeon. 15. may attend. 9. The plane was seen landing.

7. The hunters were heard shooting. vom urca pâna la vârful muntelui. 3. 10. Concertul fiind terminat. Toata lumea fiind acasa. am plecat la cumparaturi. 10. ne-am asezat la cina. Intrucât ploaia incetase. am plecat acasa linistit. publicul a parasit sala. 6. Intrucât noroiul imi stricase pantofii. Dupa ce avionul a decolat am incetat sa fumez.She was found digging in the garden. 8. Decizia fiind luata in favoarea mea. 4. . am mers sa o pun la posta. am trebuit sa-i schimb. 5. Intrucât râul crescuse in timpul noptii. Intrucât soarele rasarise. 2. ne era teama sa nu avem inundatii. Exercitiul 6: 1. Scrisoarea fiind scrisa. ne-am grabit spre plaja. Daca vremea va permite. 9.

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