Curs Practic de Limba Engleza | Grammar | Style (Fiction)

CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL Asist uni. Georgeta Obilisteanu Lect.univ. Marioara Patesan 1.

CUVÂNT INAINTE 2. LECTIA I - TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV 3. LECTIA II - CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 4. LECTIA III - MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE 5. LECTIA IV - VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA 6. LECTIA V - DIATEZA PASIVA 7. LECTIA VI - VERBELE MODALE 8. LECTIA VII - MODUL SUBJONCTIV 9. LECTIA VIII - MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE 10. LECTIA IX - CHEIA EXERCITIILOR 10.1 Timpurile modului 10.2. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 10.3. Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 10.4. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 10.5. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 10.6. Exercitii cu verbe modale 10.7. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 10.8. Exercitii cu constructii verbale 11. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE CUVÂNT INAINTE Verbul constituie coloana vertebrala a unei limbi. Cartea „Curs practic de limba engleza –verbul" (cu exercitii si cheie) cuprinde o parte teoretica – prezentarea clara si sistematica a modurilor, timpurilor, concordantei timpurilor, verbelor modale si a altor probleme legate de verbul englez (cu exemple si traducere), precum si o parte practica cu exercitii la fiecare capitol si la sfârsitul cartii au fost incluse cheia exercitiilor si lista verbelor neregulate intâlnite in cadrul exemplelor si exercitiilor. Prezentarea teoretica a problemelor este facuta in limba româna. Cursul se adreseaza studentilor incepatori si intermediari din anii I si II de studiu, precum si cursantilor adulti, cu conditia ca acestia sa aiba cunostinte anterioare, chiar sumare, de limba engleza. LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exista doua aspecte in limba engleza: simplu si continuu. In general, timpurile simple se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe actiunea propriu-zisa, iar timpurile continue se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe durata actiunii, pe perioada de timp in care aceasta are loc. In explicarea intrebuintarii timpurilor continue se va intâlni formularea „actiune in plina desfasurare". Aceasta inseamna ca

actiunea a inceput inainte de momentul la care se face referire si va continua dupa acel moment. Exista un numar de verbe in limba engleza care nu se folosesc la forma continua, deoarece ideea de durata e inclusa in continutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike, to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to know. A. Present Tense Simple Afirmativ Negativ I work I do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work He/she/it works He/she/it does not (doesn’t) work We work We do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work They work They do not (don’t) work Interogativ Do I work? Do we work? Do you work? Do you work? Does he/she/it work? Do they work? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune regulata, obisnuita, in perioada prezenta. Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student. What time do you usually have breakfast? B.Present Tense Continuous Se conjuga verbul „to be" la timpul prezent si se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I am working We are working. You are working You are working He/she/it is working They are working Negativ I am not working. You are not (aren’t) working. He/she/it is not (isn’t) working. We are not (aren’t) working. You are not (aren’t) working. They are not (aren’t) working. Interogativ Am I working? Are we working? Are you working? Are you working? Is he/she/it working? Are they working? Present Tense Continue se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune in plina desfasurare in momentul prezent. Ex. Where are you going? I am going to school.

De asemenea poate arata o actiune care se desfasoara pe timp limitat in perioada prezenta. Ex.: I go to school by bus this week. My father is taking me in his car. Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a arata o actiune repetata. In acest caz, exista o conotatie afectiva (nemultumire) sau actiunea respectiva este caracteristica pentru acea persoana. Ex. You are always losing your things. You are always grumbling when I ask you to help me in the kitchen. Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Simple) la interogativ si negativ: Nota: Verbul „to have", atunci când nu inseamna „a avea, a poseda", ci este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast, to have a shower, to have a party), formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului „to do". 1. I love my brother. 2. She talks too much. 3. I understand you. 4. You play the piano very well. 5. I always believe you. 6. He remembers my phone number. 7. They live in Bucharest. 8. He has a hot bath every day. 9. I trust my friend. 10. I have lunch at one o’clock. 2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Continuous) la negativ si interogativ: 1. It is raining. 2. I am having a walk. 3. He is telling the truth. 4. You are typing a letter. 5. They are swimming in the river. 6. My friend is wearing a new dress. 7. My mother is resting. 8. We are studying English. 9. Ann is knitting. 10. The child is learning to play the piano. 3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous:

He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea. The manager can’t receive you now as he (have) an interview. Who you (wait) for? I (wait) for John. You (like) this book? 8. but now I (take) a taxi because I am late. Nu-mi place cafeaua. 4. You (dream) at night? Yes. Duminica el nu se scoala devreme. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. What you (think) of? I (think) of my mother just now. as usual. but he is late. I always (write) to him on his birthday. 2. Ea isi face bagajul. Why you (smoke) so much? 4. 1. I can’t answer the phone now because I (cook). 4. What you (do) on Sundays? 3. merge pe jos. 8. 6. 2. I (not go) shopping because it (rain). Cui ii telefonezi? 13. In England it often (rain). Ce faci? Citesti sau privesti la televizor? 5. Where you (hurry)? To the theatre. 14. De ce deschizi fereastra? 15. 6. She always (borrow) books from me and never (remember) to give them back. Acum imi fac temele la engleza. 6. You (write) to John now? Yes. 16. Ce carte citesti? 10. How you usually (get) to work? I usually (go) by bus. 3. Secretara tocmai bate la masina un referat. . He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) him. as I (not want) to miss the first act. 7. 5. 2. 2. Eu nu studiez seara. Iarna ninge. Ea merge la cumparaturi sâmbata. I (dream) every night. 1. Adesea citesc carti englezesti. Ce faci tu in zilele libere? 12. 9. You (know) what time is it? 4. 1. La ce ora se scoala John dimineata? 11. 5. 2. El nu merge la scoala cu metroul. I (not like) that boy. I always (have) a rest after lunch. I (be). except Saturdays and Sundays.1. 3. 1. of course. 7. 7. You (go) to work every day? Yes.

Yesterday I went for a walk.) Last year I travelled to England.) D. Ex. C. Ex.ing a verbului de conjugat. efectuata intr-o perioada de timp trecuta. (Anul trecut am calatorit in Anglia. de obicei. Se traduce. Past Tense Simple Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei – ed in cazul verbelor regulate. forma II. terminata. Afirmativ I was working We were working You were working You were working He/she/it was working They were working Negativ I was not working We were not working You were not working You were not working He/she/it was not working They were not working . to work – worked Daca verbul este neregulat. Este timpul de naratiune. Ex. cu perfectul compus. terminata. (Ieri am mers al plimbare.Past Tense Continuous Se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to be" la trecut (Past Tense) si adaugarea formei . 19. Past Tense Simple arata o actiune trecuta. forma III – participiul trecut.17. to speak – spoke – spoken Afirmativ worked I/you/he/she/it/we/they spoke Negativ work I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not speak Interogativ work? Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they speak? Forma prescurtata a lui did not este didn’t (I didn’t work). Clientul tocmai isi alege o pereche de pantofi. Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I – infinitiv. Cât de des le scrii parintilor tai? 18. Când merg la mare imi place sa inot mult.Paste Tense.

He meets John on Sundays. were not – weren’t They weren’t working. This time yesterday. 10. 2. That sounds interesting. I like to have a coffee in the morning. While John was reading. I was watching TV. ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul. He thought about you. 5. I play football. (In timp ce John citea. 6. 2. 2. 4. Este. While I was crossing the street. You ask too many questions. Ex. Ex. Interogativ Was I working? Were we working? Were you working? Were you working? Was he/she/it working? Were they working? Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment din trecut. . He came home late. I own two umbrellas.) Adesea. I met John. 8. 3. 3. in plina desfasurare. In acest caz. I always make cakes on Sundays. Se traduce. reprezinta fundalul de timp pe care se petrece actiunea exprimata de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus). este posibil sa apara un verb folosit la Past Continuous si un verb folosit la Past Simple. 7. de obicei. They drank all the wine. 5. in aceeasi fraza. 4. We worked very hard. de asemenea.) Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ: 1. posibil sa apara intr-o fraza timpul Past Continuous in mod repetat.Formele prescurtate sunt: was not – wasn’t I wasn’t working. intrun moment trecut. I hated him. I sleep until 9 o’clock every day. I sold my car. You speak English well. 9. his sister was watching TV. verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul). ele aratând actiuni paralele. cu imperfectul. He changed his library book every day. 7. 6. (Ieri pe vremea asta priveam la televizor. In aceasta situatie. sora lui privea la televizor. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple: 1. You drink too much. Ex.

8. I enjoyed travelling. 9. He translated the text. 10. He forbade her to do this. 3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 1. When you (come in), I talk on the phone. 2. When I first (meet) him, he (work) in a bank. 3. While he (learn) to drive, he (have) an accident. 4. As I (write), someone (ring up). 5. Where you (go) when I (meet) you? 6. What you (do) this time yesterday? 7. When I (enter) the classroom, the teacher (write) on the blackboard. 8. When I (arrive), she (have) dinner. 9. This time last Sunday, I (watch) a film on TV. 10. He suddenly (realize) that he (not wear) his glasses. 4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. Soarele nu a apus la ora 8 aseara. 2. Ai dormit bine noaptea trecuta? 3. Ieri nu am mers la bazinul de inot. 4. M-am sculat târziu ieri dimineata. 5. Duminica trecuta prietenii mei au jucat sah. 6. Ieri pe vremea asta ploua. 7. Ce faceai martea trecuta la ora 7 dimineata? 8. Ma pregateam sa merg la facultate. 9. In timp ce imi cautam pasaportul am gasit aceasta fotografie veche. 10. Baietii jucau carti când l-au auzit pe tatal lor intrând in casa. 11. Ei au ascuns imediat cartile si si-au scos manualele de scoala. 12. Când te-ai intors de la munte? 13. Când ai cumparat acest televizor? 14. Ieri mi-am pierdut manusile. 15. Batea un vânt puternic când am iesit din casa. 16. Unde ti-ai petrecut concediul vara trecuta? 17. Ieri m-am sculat devreme, mi-am luat micul dejun si apoi am plecat la scola. 18. Acum doua zile am cazut si mi-am rupt piciorul. 19. Saptamâna trecuta am fost bolnav si nu am mers la scoala. 20. El a dat primul examen saptamâna trecuta. 21. Cine a câstigat meciul alaltaieri? 22. In timp ce ploua, eu conduceam masina spre Sinaia. E. Present Perfect Simple Timpul Present Perfect Simple se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to have" la prezent, la care se adauga forma a treia (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I have worked We have worked

You have worked You have worked He/she/it has worked They have worked Negativ I have not (haven’t) worked. He/she/it has not (hasn’t) worked. Interogativ Have I worked? Has he/she/it worked? Timpul Present Perfect este un timp de relatie. El arata o legatura intre trecut si momentul prezent. Timpul Present Perfect Simple se foloseste in urmatoarele situatii: arata o actiune inceputa in trecut care continua pâna in prezent. Cu acest sens se folosesc de obicei prepozitiile since (din, incepând din) si for (de, timp de). Ex. I haven’t seen John for two months. (Nu l-am vazut pe John de doua luni.) I haven’t seen John since September. (Nu l-am vazut pe John din septembrie.) I have known John for two years. (Il cunosc pe John de doi ani.) I have known John since 1990. (Il cunosc pe John din 1990.) …arata o actiune trecuta, efectuata intr-o perioada de timp neterminata. In acest caz, folosirea lui este insotita de adverbe precum: today, this week, this month, this year. Ex. I have seen two films this week. (Am vazut doua filme saptamâna aceasta.) Daca adverbul de timp este „this morning", folosirea timpului verbal este conditionata de momentul in care se face afirmatia; daca aceasta este in cursul diminetii (pâna la ora 12) sau dupa amiaza. Ex. ora 10 a.m. I haven’t got up early this morning. ora 2 p.m. I didn’t get up early this morning. Traducerea celor doua propozitii in limba româna este identica. Nu m-am sculat devreme azi dimineata. Prima arata o actiune trecuta, terminata, care are rezultate in prezent sau care, dintr-un motiv sau altul, intereseaza in prezent. Ex. Have you seen Hamlet? (Ai vazut Hamlet?) I have lost my umbrella . I must buy a new one. (Mi-am pierdut umbrela. Trebuie sa-mi cumpar una noua.) Trebuie precizat faptul ca, daca se mentioneaza momentul trecut in care a avut loc actiunea care intereseaza in prezent sau care are rezultate in prezent, nu mai poate fi folosit timpul Present Perfect. In acest caz, se foloseste Past Simple. Ex. I lost my umbrella yesterday. I must buy a new one.

De asemenea, daca se pune o intrebate referitoare la trecut care incepe cu „when", nu se poate folosi timpul Present Perfect, intrucât „when" reprezinta un moment precizat in trecut. Ex. When did you see Hamlet? I saw it last week. Timpul Present Perfect nu poate fi folosit cu un adverb de timp precizat in trecut. Se foloseste cu adverbe de timp neprecizat care leaga trecutul de prezent. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care se aseaza intre auxiliar si verb: often, never, always, ever, already, just, seldom. Ex. Have you ever been to England? (Ai fost vreodata in Anglia?) No, I have never been to England. Yes, I have often been to England. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care stau la sfârsitul propozitiei: lately, yet (in propozitii negative). Ex. He hasn’t returned home yet. (El nu s-a intors inca acasa.) I haven’t seen him lately. (Nu l-am vazut in ultimul timp.) Dupa cum se poate observa, timpul Present Perfect Simple se traduce in româneste fie cu prezentul, fie cu perfectul compus, in functie de context. F.Present Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Present Perfect Simple al verbului „to be", la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I have been working We have been working You have been working You have been working He/she/it has been working They have been working Negativ I have not (haven’t) been working. He has not (hasn’t) been working. Interogativ Have I been working? Has he been working? Timpul Present Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare, cu accent pe durata, intre un moment trecut si prezent. Ex. I am tired because I have been working all day. (Sunt obosit pentru ca am muncit toata ziua.) De asemene, poate arata probabilitatea ca actiunea inceputa in trecut, care continua in prezent, sa continue si in viitor. Ex. It has been raining for three hours. If it doesn’t stop soon, we shall have floods.

You (read) Sorescu’s last book? 19. He (fish) for two hours but he (catch) nothing yet. I just (have) one. vom avea inundatii. I (lend) him some money today.(Ploua de trei ore. You ever (eat) caviar? 14. Why you (be) in the garden so long? 9. 2.) Ca si Present Perfect Simple. I (ask) you to clean your room for two days. 10. Ever since that woman came to work here. 11. I (live) here for one year. He always (rely on) his friend. Would you like a cake? 7.m. He (sleep) for 10 hours now. Folositi Present Perfect Simple in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. 18. The radio (play) since 7 a. 4. Daca nu se opreste in curând. When are you going to do it? 12. 7. How long you (wear) glasses? 6. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. 4. se poate traduce cu prezentul sau cu perfectul compus din limba româna. 12. 2. I (shop) all day and I want to have a rest now. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous 1. I (not write) to my friend for three months. 11. 3. How long you (live) here? 22. 16. Where you (be)? I (be) to the market. You ever (drive) a car? 17. He (not come) home yet. 8. I already (see) this film. It (not rain) since December. 9. 15. You must come and see it. 5. 10. He just (leave) home. How many dishes you (cook)? 8. I (cook) all the morning. I’m tired of it. We (know) each other for several years. I (buy) a new house. she (try) to make trouble. 3. It’s time we woke him up. No. . I (water) the flowers. 5. You (visit) the Village Museum? 13. He (not go) to bed yet. 21. I (not be) to the seaside this year. There isn’t any train service because the engine – drivers (go) on strike. 6. You (pay) the telephone bill? 20. thank you.

I am not out of work now. Mergem pe jos de la ora 3. am petrecut o luna aici. Trebuie sa-l inlocuim. 7. 23. She (change) a lot since I (see) her last. I (get) a job last month. Da. 16. 25. am mers arareori pe jos la slujba. she (leave) for Brasov a week ago. He (be) very ill since the holidays (begin). 4. You (see) your mother this week? No. Cine te-a invatat sa vorbesti engleza atât de bine? 2. The child (play) the piano since I (return) from school. 9. 11. l-am luat la ora 8. De când mi-am cumparat masina. Vremea s-a incalzit in ultimul timp. I (do) a lot of work since I (get up) in the morning. 11. a plecat acum o ora. Cu cine ai votat la ultimele alegeri? 17. It (rain) since we (leave) Bucharest. 4. Ai mai fost in acest oras? 24. Ai vazut ziarul de azi? 19. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple in locul infinitivelor: 1. 10. Unde ti-ai petrecut vacanta anul acesta? 3. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Tense Simple sau Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. When you (use) it last? 2. You (not see) it anywhere? No. M-am gândit adesea sa-mi iau carnet de conducere. Da. 18. Da. Ti-ai luat deja micul dejun? 22. 10. El a scris numai doua scrisori de când a plecat in strainatate. De cât timp inveti engleza? 5. La ce te-ai uitat? 15. I haven’t. 8. 3. 9. I (try) last year but I (not succeed). 5. 6. Your ever (try) to give up smoking? Yes. A fost un accident. acum doi ani. Past Perfect Simple . 12. Un copil a spart geamul. 14. Am stat acasa si nu am regretat nici o clipa.4. 21. Nu am mers la vot. 13. I (lose) my pen. 7. You (be) out of work long? 5. Traduc un text de doua ore si nu l-am terminat inca. El este ministru de doi ani. Am mers pe jos 10 km pâna acum. A plecat John? 20. I (wear) my hair long since I (be) a little girl. Ninge de doua ore. 6. Ei lucreaza la aceasta casa de un an si nu au terminat-o inca. 8. G.

Se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul sau perfectul compus. Ex. Este. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) worked. Afirmativ I had been working. la care se adauga forma III (past participle) a verbului de conjugat. . Interogativ Had I been working? Aceste forme se pastreaza la toate persoanele. (Dupa ce John privise (a privit) la televizor 10 minute. perfectul compus sau imperfectul din limba româna. Ex. I had finished writing my homework. ca si Present Perfect. terminasem de scris temele. s-a plictisit. De asemenea. in acest caz. she had been typing for one hour. este vorba de o relatie intre doua momente trecute. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) been working.) Ca sens. un verb de relatie. acest timp se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul. Interogativ Had I worked? Acest timp are aceeasi forma la toate persoanele. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat.Past Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Past Perfect Simple al verbului „to be".Se formeaza cu verbul „to have" la Past Tense Simple. (Când mi-ai telefonat. (El a spus ca ploua de trei zile. Arata o actiune trecuta care a avut loc inaintea unei alte actiuni sau a unui moment din trecut.) He said it had been raining for three days. Afirmativ I had worked.) Dupa cum se observa. (Ieri la ora 9 luasem micul dejun. H.) After John had been watching TV for 10 minutes. Yesterday at 9 o’clock I had had breakfast. he got bored. echivalentul in limba româna al acestui timp este mai mult ca perfectul. ea batea la masina de o ora. (Când el a intrat in camera. dar. Timpul Past Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente trecute. When he entered the room. Past Perfect Continuous poate prelua functiile lui Present Perfect Cotinuous in propozitia secundara.) When you rang me up. când in aceeasi fraza in propozitia principala se afla un verb la Past Tense.

6. She discovered her child (not tell) the truth. El mi-a multumit pentru ceea ce facusem pentru el. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple: 1. I (return) from school. 2. they (wait) for the bus for half an hour. We were shocked to hear she (not pass) the exam. 9. 4. He (tell) me he (be) to the theatre the day before. After they (finish) dinner. 4. mother (cook) for two hours. I (ring up) him and (congratulate) him. 9. When I rang her up. 10. 7. 6. she felt chilly. 3. At 3 o’clock on Friday. 7. Puneti verbele din paranteza la Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau la Past Tense Simple: 1. De indata ce a terminat de scris lucrarea. He (learn) English for two years before he (go) to England for the first time. 10. The child (eat) all the cakes before his mother became aware of it. When I called on her unexpectedly. The professor (speak) for 10 minutes when I (enter) the hall. After we (walked) for an hour. After Jane (swim) for half an hour. somebody told us it (rain) for hours. she (write) letters for one hour. 8. he (go) downstairs to have dinner. When I (find out) he (get married). When I left home. . When she decided to have a rest. She said she already (be) to England. I realized she (have) a party. she (clean) and (dust) for 5 hours. When she sat for the exam. we (realize) we (lose) our way.Exercitii cu Past Simple si Continuous 1. The fire (spread) to the next building when the firemen arrived. she (tell) me they (be) friends for five years. 6. 2. 9. 3. After John (listen to) the news bulletin. He asked me whether I (meet) John before. 5. 4. we (climb) for 7 hours. Mi-a parut rau ca il jignisem. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Continuous: 1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Simple: 1. The river became deeper after it (rain) heavily for a few hours. When we met them. 2. 2. it (rain) for one hour. 5. 5. She just (go) out when I (call at) her house. 10. 8 of 42 3. The house was much smaller then he (think) at first. When I arrived home. 4. We (ask) him what countries he (visit). 8. When we arrived at Sinaia. they drank some coffee. He told me he (catch) some fish on that day. 3. 2. a inmânat-o profesorului. 8. After John (leave). 3. 7. she (study) the subject for a week. When we reached the top.

la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. 6. Negativ I (shall) will not be going. They will be going. iar pentru „will not" este won’t. will la persoana II si III. 8. 9. El nu facuse nimic inainte de a-mi cere mie sfatul. He/she/it will be going.4.Future Continuous Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be". (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare. Future Tense Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I. mi-am dat seama ca imi lasasem poseta acasa. Ex. 5. am mers la culcare. I (shall) will meet him next week. Nu ti-am telefonat pentru ca am crezut ca plecasesi in strainatate. De indata ce au plecat musafirii. Interogativ Shall I go? Shall we go? Will you go? Will you go? Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go? Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I. Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. se foloseste numai „shall". Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. You will be going. . Ei au calatorit in multe tari dupa ce s-au casatorit.) J. 10. We (shall) will be going. 7. You will be going. I. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul vorbea la telefon de o jumatate de ora. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. You will not be going. Când am ajuns la statia de autobuz. Ei mi-au spus ca locuiau in Franta din 1980. Afirmativ I (shall) will go We (shall) will go You will go You will go He/she/it will go They will go Negativ I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go You will not go You will not go He/she/it will not go They will not go Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan’t. Afirmativ I (shall) will be going.

Ex. You will not be going. Interogativ Shall I be going? Shall we be going? Will you be going? Will you be going? Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going? Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor. They will not have gone.) L.Future Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului „to be". (have + forma III). They will not be going. (Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia. We (shall) will have gone. Afirmativ I (shall) will have gone.He/she/it will not be going. You will not have gone. . By three o’clock tomorrow. He/she/it will have gone. I will have reached Predeal. You will have gone. We (shall) will not be going. Ex. Interogativ Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone? Will you have gone? Will you have gone? Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone? Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor. They will have gone. He/she/it will not have gone. We (shall) will not have gone.) Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. Ex.Future Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will. Se traduce cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna. At three o’clock. You will have gone. la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat. I will have been studying for three hours. When you come home. You will not have gone. Negativ I (shall) will not have gone. K. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. I (shall) will have been going. (Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal. I will be travelling to England.

Este un timp rar folosit.ing a verbului de conjugat. nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari disjunctive.Future-in-the-Past Continuous Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului „to be". Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o propozitie secundara. atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut. voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore. va calatori spre Anglia.) b). I leave for London tomorrow. Este un timp sestul de rar folosit. (El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare.Future-in-the-Past Simple Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele). la ora 3. bine stabilit. Ex.) Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului a). iar cea de la „would not" este wouldn’t. Ex. N. he would be travelling to England.Când vei veni tu acasa. He said that at 3 o’clock. M. (El a spus ca va intârzia. Ex. Ex: I should (would) be going. the next day. Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor Intr-un astfel de context. He said he would be late.) Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in propozitia principala). la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. Se traduce cu viitorul simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna. Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare. la care se adauga forma . (Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine. arata un program precis. Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor . Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui moment sau unei actiuni din trecut. Afirmativ I (should) would go We (should) would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would go Negativ I (should) would not go We (should) would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go ` Forma scurta de la „should not" este shouldn’t.

Don’t ring her up at 8 o’clock p. 10. one hundred thousand people (spend) their holidays at the seaside. 6. un aranjament prealabil pentru viitorul apropiat.m.) It is going to rain. If we don’t hurry. This time next month. I am sure you (like) this book. Let’s hurry to the beach.Arata o intentie. By the beginning of next week. we (climb) the mountain. Next year. 3. 3. I hope I (pass) the exam. (Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta. He (study) all day tomorrow. I am going to read this book. 8. it probably (rain). 7. You (need) the vacuum cleaner tomorrow or may I borrow it? 5. 5. Ex. the baby (cry). they (be married) for 25 years. 2. 8. Tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock. Expresia „to be going to" + infinitive Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate. 6. I am sure when I arrive home. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous: 1. By the end of the season. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" 1. 2. I (finish) reading the newspapers by lunch time. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. 3. . 5. In a week’s time. You (be) in London tomorrow. Ex. Don’t expect me home for dinner. The sun (rise) in 10 minutes. He (be) pleased if you invite him. I (have) breakfast. You (not find) a solution if you don’t know the whole truth. I (know) the results in three days’ time. 6. I (read) all the books on the bibliography list. When I take the exam. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple: 1. 9.) c). we (take) our exam. I (work) on this paper for a month. By the time you come home. She (watch) TV. I (work) at the office till late at night. I am sure I (succeed). 2. 3. 7. You (recognize) him when you see him? 4. 10. I (swim) in the sea. I (remember) this day all my life. You (remember) to post my letter? 9. 4. When you reach Sinaia. I am meeting John this morning. This time next day. 2. (Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte. 7. 8. the sun (rise) before we reach the beach. I (cook) for two hours. 4.

2. Propozitia principala 1. El va studia in biblioteca luni de la ora 1 la 5. mâine. 11. By 5 o’clock. Ea consta in aceeaca folosirea unui anumit timp in propozitia principala obliga la folosirea unui timp adecvat in propozitia secundara. un timp „present" Present Tense Simple. (El a spus ca este bolnav. Past Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice alt timp „past" Ex. Past Perfect Simple. Present Perfect Simple. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind unul din tipurile de viitor: 1. desigur. 4. 9. 7. you (see) all the exhibits in the museum. a) Past Tense – actiune simultana – Past Tense He said he was ill. voi fi vazut acest film de 5 ori. un timp „past" Past Tense Simple. Past Tense Continuous. E un obiect frumos. Pâna la ora 1. Am cumparat o masina de scris si voi invata sa bat. Present Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice timp cerut de sens Propozitia principala 2. 5. 10. Vineri. Ce inseamna „un timp adecvat" se va vedea in continuare.) b) Past Tense – actiune anterioara – Past Perfect . nu in propozitii. Din cauza grevei soferilor de autobuze multa lume va merge pe jos la slujba. ei vor avea ultima ora de engleza. By the end of the month. Trenul va fi plecat inainte de a ajunge noi la gara. Unde il vei pune? LECTIA II CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Concordanta timpurilor se aplica. Pâna la sfârsitul lunii. ea va fi terminat curatenia in casa. I (pay off) all my debts. vor fi economisit 5 milioane. Present Tense Continuous. 6. Voi vizita târgul international.) He said he was going to school.9. 10. Pâna anul viitor pe vremea aceasta. 8. Uite ce am cumparat la o licitatie! 12. 4. Ce faci mâine dimineata la ora 11? 3. (El a spus ca merge la scola. intre orele 12 si 1. ci in fraze.

(Ea i-a promis mamei sale ca o va ajuta. Ex. Ex.) c) Past Tense – actiunea posterioara – Future-in-the-Past He said he would leave the next day.) She promised her mother she would help her. 2.) He said he would come to see me after he had finished work. dupa care (in temporala sau conditionala) se intrebuinteaza Past Tense (pentru simultaneitate) sau Past Perfect (pentru anterioritate). . Situatiile cel mai des intâlnite sunt urmatoarele: a. Ex.) Nota 1: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundara cu actiunea anterioara celei din principala. Ex. (El a spus ca se intorsese acasa cu o saptamâna inainte. Când propozitia secundara exprima un adevar general valabil. (El a spus ca va cumpara o masina daca va avea bani.un timp „future" Teoretic se poate folosi orice timp cerut de sens. cu exceptia propozitii temporale sau conditionale.) Nota 2: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundare cu actiune posterioara celei din principala. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada când va avea timp. (Am ajuns acasa dupa ce incetase ploaia. Profesorul le-a spus elevilor ca apa fierbe la 100 oC. (Voi citi aceasta carte când voi avea timp. se poate folosi Past Perfect in mod repetat.He said he had returned home a week before. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada dupa ce va termina lucrul.) I will have finished studying when you come home. Future – actiune simultana – Present I will read this book when I have time.) Exceptii de la concordanta timpurilor 1. (El a spus ca va pleca a doua zi. The teacher told the pupils water boils at 100 oC. Future – actiune anterioara – Present Perfect I will go to England after I have received a visa.) b. (Ea a spus ca uitase unde si-a pus ochelarii. Future-in-the Past se poate folosi numai o singura data. (Voi merge in Anglia dupa ce voi obtine viza. dintre care una este temporala sau conditionala.) 3.) He said he would buy a car if he had money. Când propozitia secundara este atributiva. care nu pot include un verb la viitor. The book I am reading now was given to me by my brother. He said he would come to see me when he had time. (Voi fi terminat de studiat când vei veni tu acasa. She said she had forgotten where she had put her glasses.) I arrived home after it had stopped raining.

When I arrived. After I (hear) the news.Cartea pe care o citesc acum mi-a fost data de fratele meu. 9. It was clear they (talk) business again. cu timpul. 6. 4. 8. Last year I worked more than I have done this year. He asked me if I usually (read) that newspaper. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous). 7. He just (leave) home when he came across John. Când propozitia secundara este comparativa. 9. 6. 2. 7. She told me his name after he (leave). sa ajunga regula. Anul trecut am muncit mai mult decât anul acesta. Nota: In limba engleza contemporana. When it started to rain. 4. I didn’t think that book to be a nice birthday present for you because I (read) it and I (not enjoy) it. Yesterday I bought a new umbrella because I (lose) my old one. 3. he was tired because he (travel) for three days. 2. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Tense Simple sau Continuous). He realized he (not remember) John’s phone number. 3. They didn’t know that I (play) football. I was not sure if you (speak) English. având in vedere simultaneitatea actiunilor din propozitia principala si cea secundara: 1. sfatuim pe vorbitorii români de limba engleza sa respecte regulile de concordanta a timpurilor asa cum sunt prezentate mai sus. de exemplu. we (dig) in the garden for an hour. He was in a hurry because he (want) to catch the train. . You didn’t tell me you (have to) type this report. 8. she saw the sun (shine) brightly. When he finally reached London. 3. Se poate intâlni. 10. the concert already (begin). 2. Ex. se poate observa uneori o oarecare tendinta de a nu se respecta concordanta timpurilor atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. I congratulated him. I believed you (be) at the seaside. 10. tinând seama de relatia de anterioritate exprimata de verbul din propozitia principala sau din cea secundara: 1. She didn’t even say thank you after all I (do) for her. Looking out of the window. Este posibil ca ceea ce apare acum ca tendinta. Pentru moment insa. He didn’t admit that he (steal) the book. 5. I understood you (be) a painter. o formulare de tipul: „He said he loves me". 5.

I will buy a car when I (have) enough money. he will drive to Sinaia. As wages had gone up. The train will have left before we (reach) the station. The teacher told the pupils what the capital of Mexico (be). she will take a job as a secretary. 15. 2. I thought you soon (have) a holiday. I wasn’t aware German (be) such a difficult language. 2. 6. I was not sure I (remain) at home that evening. 16. I shall have typed all the letters. When I heard the main actor was ill. 4. I was sue the performance (be cancelled). Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Present Simple sau Present Perfect Simple: 1. I will never forget what you just (tell ) me. When their first baby (be born). 14. 13. I will lend it to you. I didn’t know at what temperature this metal (melt). After you (drink) a coffee. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future-in-thePast. 7. . After he (repair) the car. You won’t be able to speak about this book till you (read) it. 10. 18. As soon as the holidays (begin). Your mother will be upset when she (notice) you (break) the vase. 3. 8. When I (finish) the book. 17. I will pay my debts after I (receive) my salary. He believed the strike (end) very soon. He promised he (drive) me home. 12. He hoped he (finish) reading the book in two days. He was sure he (pass) the exam and he promised he (give) a party afterwards. 5. 19. 4. 3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 4. 6. By the time you (finish) translating the text. you will feel better. 5. It is said that one Englishman will not speak to another before they (be) introduced. this beach will become very crowded. I will go on playing the piano till he (tell) me to stop. You will get a shock when you (see) the mess in that room. After she (learn) to type. 2. 3. 10. too. 9. they will have been married for five years. 9. we supposed prices (go up). 7. având in vedere faptul ca propozitia secundara exprima o actiune posterioara celei din principala: 1. You will be surprised when you (see) how well she (look). We all believed he (win) the competition. You will be surprised when you (see) how much she (change). 8.3. We shall start dinner as soon as the guests (arrive). 5. He will write to me after he (arrive) in England. They said they (remain) at the seaside for another week. tinând seama de exceptiile de la concordanta timpurilor: 1. 20. 11.

5. 14. 4. I found out that yoga (be) a very useful practice. he decided he (change) his job. I will do it when I (want) to. 15. Last year you spoke English less fluently than you (do) now. I (not decide) yet. 4. 6. He told me hibernating animal (not eat) in winter. Last night I met the couple who soon (move) next door to me. 8. 9. When you asked me where I (spend) my holidays. precum si exceptiile: 1. respectând toate regulile de concordanta a timpurilor. I will come as soon as I (finish) my work. 19. 10. 3. 8. they were listening to music. They (know) each other for a long time before they finally got married. not before. I (be) very hungry because I (not eat) anything all day. 10. 2. 5. 9. I hoped it (not rain) when I (arrive) at the beach. He told me he never (see) the sea. He was very upset because I (be) late. After we have finished dinner. He discovered to his horror that he (eat) the worms in the cherries. 5. Last night I (read) the book which you (read) now. 6.4. 11. 2. I did not know that you (wear) glasses since childhood. 6. he (trust) his son and he (not expect) such a thing to happen. In 1998. 20. Nu mi-am amintit ca ne cunoscusem cu un an inainte. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 12. A week ago. we (drink) coffee and brandy. After having visited Italy. He said he (have to) write down my address as he (not remember) it otherwise. 17. my friends told me there (be) many small houses and narrow streets in Padua. He was very tired and he (hope) he (have) time to rest that afternoon. Nu am stat acasa sa te astept pentru ca nu stiam când vei veni. 3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 7. Last year I earned more money than I (earn) in the next five years. 7. I was surprised that his son (fail) the exam. 18. 13. Stiam ca esti in Bucuresti. The book I (read) in the last few days was lent to me by John. I hoped the company where I (work) (not go) bankrupt. Era foarte suparat ca isi pierduse dictionarul si nu era sigur ca va gasi unul nou in . 16. You will never know how much I (suffer). the Romanians travelled less than they (do) this year. they said they (listen to) music since 5 o’clock. 7. When we (go) to see them last night. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul este ocupat. When I finally arrived home.

LECTIA III MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE Present Conditional (conditional prezent) Se formeaza cu should si would la persoana I si would la persoanele II si III. Politistul ma va intreba ce am vazut in timpul accidentul. Afirmativ I should/would go We should/would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would not go Negativ I should/would not go We should/would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forme prescurtate: shouldn’t. 6.). Afirmativ I should/would have gone You would have gone He/she/it would have gone We should/would have gone You would have gone They would have gone Negativ I should/would not have gone . 8. I-am promis ca ii voi scrie când voi ajunge la Londra. M-a intrebat câte litere sunt in alfabetul chinez si nu am putut sa-I raspund. ai merge. 10. 7. Interogativ Should I go? Should we go? Would you go? Would you go? Would he/she/it go? Would they go? Se traduce cu conditionalul prezent din limba româna (as merge. 9. wouldn’t. 12. Iti voi spune adevarul dupa ce il voi afla eu insami. Past Conditional (conditional trecut) Se traduce cu should/would la care se adauga infinitivul trecut (have + forma III a verbului de conjugat). Masina pe cae o voi cumpara va fi importata din Germania. Hotul nu si-a dat seama ca politia il urmarea de o saptamâna.librarii. 11. ar merge etc. Tata imi va da un cadou dupa ce voi lua examenul. la care se adauga infinitivul prezent al verbului de conjugat.

supposing. .). What shall we do.) I will stay at home if it rains. (As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna. (As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat. ar fi mers etc. (As merge la mare daca vremea ar fi buna.) I would have stayed at home if it had rained. Tipul 3 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Past Conditiona l Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine. Frazele conditionale (If-Clauses) Exista trei tipuri de fraze conditionale: Tipul 1 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Future Present I will go to the seaside if the weather is fine. providing. in case. suppose. He/she/it would not have gone We should/would not have gone You would not have gone They would not have gone Interogativ Should I have gone? Should we have gone? Would you have gone? Would you have gone? Would he/she/it have gone? Would they have gone? Se traduce cu conditionalul trecut din limba româna (as fi mers. cu exceptia verbului „to be".) I would stay at home if it rained. (Voi merge la mare daca vremea va fi buna.You would not have gone. ai fi mers. supposing he is late? (Ce vom face presupunând ca el intârzie?) -if not poate fi inlocuit cu unless I won’t go shopping unless you come with me. I won’t go shopping if you don’t come with me.) Nota 2: if poate fi inlocuit de provided (that). (As sta acasa daca ar ploua.) Nota 1: Trebuie sa se tina seama ca subjonctivul folosit in propozitia secundara are forma lui Past Tense Simple la toate verbele. (Voi sta acasa daca va ploua. unde se intâlneste forma „were" la toate persoanele.) Tipul 2 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Present Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense I would go to the seaside if the weather were fine.

1. you (not find) me at home. If it (go on) raining. Were I in your place. Ex. si in acest caz se inverseaza ordinea subiect – auxiliar. we would be fined. If I like the dress. atunci când actiunea din secundara este posibila. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. spune-I ca nu sunt acasa.Nota 3: should + infinitiv poate fi folosit la tipul 1. noi am fi amendati. had. 9. In acest caz. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 1: 1. I would ring him up. I (buy) it. 5. I (lend) you the book if you promise to return it in time. Ex. I (greet) him. in loc de Present Simple. If she should ring up. we shall have floods. Ex. you (promise) to keep it a secret? 6. 8. If I (move) to the country-side.) Nota 4: Atunci când if este urmat de un verb auxiliar (ex. If he were more careful. he (take) a pill. I would be nervous. he (not make) so many mistakes. – if he were here – were he here – if it had rained – had it rained – if he should come – should he come Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 1. 2. should). 9. If you don’t hurry. were. 3. 10. dar improbabila. would you visit me? 3. Acest tip de secundara este adesea combinat cu imperativul. 2. De asemenea. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 2: 1. Unless you come at 6. 10. If I tell you something. should se traduce cu: in caz ca. If you (take) a dog. What would you do if you (be) Prime Minister? 6. If I see him. You (buy) this house if you had money? 15 of 42 4. Should he have a headache. tell her I am out. you will have to look after it. I (buy) a car. Unless you study more. should poate fi folosit in secundara la tipul 2 de fraza conditionala. 5. If she finds out what has happened. If I won the lottery. este posibila omiterea lui if. daca sar intâmpla ca. 8. 7. you (not pass) the exam. In caz ca telefoneaza. Where you (go) if you had a holiday? . 4. If the police should find out the truth. (In caz ca politia ar afla adevarul/ Daca s-ar intâmpla ca politia sa afle adevarul. she (be) very angry. I (not do) this. you (be) late. If I (give up) smoking. 7. If I (know) his phone-number.

5. Daca ar ploua. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 3: 1. 3. I would go home immediately. I wouldn’t have come with you in your car. You (be) sick if you eat so much. he (get) a bar of chocolate. Te-ai supara daca ti-as lua creionul? 9. 6. If you had taken my advice. 4. he would have gone home. Ce-ai face daca l-ai intâlni pe John? 12. Te-ai fi suparat daca ti-as fi luat creionul? 10. 6. If he had written a letter to me. 9. you (not get) into trouble. It (be) better if you had waited. Dacaar fi plouat. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. Ce s-ar fi intâmplat daca ai fi condus cu viteza mare? 4. you wouldn’t have an accident. Ai fi prins trenul daca ai fi luat un taxi. 7. 6. 2. If I (work) harder. He (tell) you if you had asked him. 5. Daca un cersetor ti-ar cere bani. I (answer) your question if I can. 8. 3. he would never have known. He will be at the airport in time if he (leave) now. 2. I would speak to him. I (not make) so many mistakes in my translation. 4. I would have succeeded. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. If you (drive) more carefully. If I (know) you had no driving licence. .2. 5. Te vei supara daca iti voi lua creionul? 8. strazile ar fi fost ude. He would have been arrested if he (try) to leave the country. Ai prinde trenul daca ai lua un taxi. you (read) Shakespeare in the original. 2. 7. If I (not tell) him. 4. Ce vei face daca il vei intâlni pe John? 11. Nu vom merge la plimbare daca nu va sta ploaia. If I (see) him. 9. Mi-ar placea mai mult piesa daca ar fi mai scurta. 7. Il vei vedea daca il vei astepta. 8. 3. strazile vor fi ude. Daca va ploua. tinând seama ca se poate intâlni oricare dintre cele 3 tipuri de fraze conditionale: 1. Had I learned English grammar. If the child is good. 2. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. strazile ar fi ude. 3. 5. If he (realize) it was so late. Ce-ai fi facut daca l-ai fi intâlnit pe John? 5. I (answer) the phone. Had I been at home. If I (be) you. 10. Vei prinde trenul daca vei lua un taxi. I wouldn’t have come unless you (invite) me. 10. 4. I (answer) it. I-ai da? 3. If you had known English.

He said he had been working hard. 7. Mamaia ar fi un loc ideal pentru o vacanta daca n-ar fi atât de multi oameni acolo. He said he would do the exercise. Ex. 3. 1. 10. He said he was ill. As mai croseta un pulover daca as mai avea lâna. in propozitia secundara se schimba timpurile dupa cum urmeaza: Present  Past Present perfect  Past perfect Past  Past perfect Future  Future-in-the-past Ex. voi mânca la un restaurant. Daca cina nu va fi gata la timp. He said: „She gave me a book". mi-ar fi fost frig. LECTIA IV VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA Vorbirea directa: John said: „She is not at home" Vorbirea indirecta: John said she was not at home. Se schimba o serie de cuvinte in functie de sens. 8. 9. in functie de sens. He said she had given him a book. Atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. trebuie respectate o serie de reguli. He said „I will do the exercise". Voi fi dezamagit daca nu voi afla adevarul. today  that day yesterday  the day before/the previous day the day before yesterday  two days before tomorrow  the next day/the following day the day after tomorrow  in two days’ time next week  the next/the following week two years ago  two years before now  then this  that these  those here  there . He said „I have been working hard”. – He said „I am ill". Daca n-ai fi inchis fereastra. Se schimba pronumele. 2.6. Pentru a trece o propozitie de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta. He said he had been ill. He said „I was ill". Ex. ceea ce se intâmpla in majoritatea cazurilor.

Modalitati de introducere a propozitiilor secundare in vorbirea indirecta 1. 4). He said he was going to do that translation the next day. Intrebari Exista doua tipuri de intrebari: generale si speciale. Intrebarile generale sunt cele care incep cu un verb. Ex. Ex." He said if it rained he would stay at home. He asked me whereI had been. b). Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirecta . Where have you been? I’ve been away. Intrucât aceasta propozitie. I would have stayed at home. exista tentatia de a folosi ordinea cuvintelor din propozitiile interogative. In cazul intrebarilor speciale trecute la vorbirea indirecta. I would stay at home. He asked me: „What is the time?" Corect: He asked me what the time was. tipul 1 devine tipul 2: "If it rains. Ex. 4. Ex." He said if it had rained he would have stayed at home. ought to. Incorect: He asked me what was the time. He said: „I might be late" He said he might be late. 2. tipurile 2 si 3 nu se schimba: "If it rained. He asked me if I liked music. He said: „I am ill". ceea ce este o greseala. Comenzi: cu infinitivul (afirmativ sau negativ) Ex. Verbele modale would. He said: „I am going to do this traslation tomorrow". He said „Go out". I will stay at home. Intrebarile speciale se introduc cu cuvântul interogativ respectiv. should. interogativ. iar raspunsul poate fi da sau nu. incepe cu un cuvânt. à He said (that) he was ill.Ex. He said he would be at home on that day. on holiday. "If it had rained. Ex. à He told me to go out. trebuie acordata atentie ordineimcuvintelor din propozitia secundara. Intrebarile generale se introduc cu if sau whether (daca). 3. He said: „I’ll be at home today". might ramân neschimbate la vorbirea indirecta. Afirmatii: cu that (care se poate omite) Ex. could. Frazele conditionale sunt trecute la vorbirea indirecta in modul urmator: a). He said „Don’t go out" à He told me not to go out." He said if itrained he would stay at home.

Be careful with my books! 7. 9. He said (that) he would leave for London the next day. John left for Sinaia two days ago. I went to England two years ago. Did you buy this book yesterday? 7. please! 3. Don’t drive so fast! 2. 2. 1. Do you know what this word means? 5. Don’t interrupt me when I am speaking! 10. I will buy a car next year. Take this pill! 9. 11. 1. Has the train left? 4. Did you drink coffee every day? 8. Last year I spent my holiday at the seaside. Treceti urmatoarele afirmatii de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said „I will leave for London tomorrow". Was your mother at home? 6. please! 4. 12.1. please? 2. 1. Don’t cross the street on a red light! 6. 3. 8. Read the text. 6. ordered) me to come in. 2. 5. I am going to have a nap this afternoon. I would have answered the phone. If I had been at home. Do you live in London for a long time? . If I have enough money. I am very busy today. I saw this film a week ago. Will you help me. Don’t smoke so much! 8. 4. I don’t remember where I have bought this dictionary. Treceti urmatoarele comenzi la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut) Model: He said: „Come in!" He told (asked. Open the door. Write me a letter when you get to England! 5. Were you at the library yesterday? 9. Can you come to tea this afternoon? 3. I will go shopping right now. The weather was fine yesterday. I think it’s going to rain tomorrow. 7. 10. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari generale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: „Will you be at home tomorrow?" He asked me if I would be at home the next day. Ring me up when you arrive home! 3.

Why is it so dark in this room? 8. exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct. please? 4. Ex. Complement direct Subiect A book was given to him. complementul indirect si. In limba româna. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari speciale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said: „When did you come back?" He asked me when I had come back. What are you going to do tomorrow? 3. Activ: I gave him a book. How long does it take you to reach your office? 4. Would you like a cake? 12. Ex. Ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte in cazul trecerii la pasiv. Where will you spend your weekend? 6. When will you be back? 18 of 42 5. Which of these cakes do you prefer? 10. When did the rain stop? 9. I have been asked. I had been asked. I will be asked. I was asked. Can you speak English? 11. (by me) . la care se adauga forma III (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. Unde complementul direct este a book. Ex. Activ: Directorul m-a chemat pe mine. 1. Who is this man? 7. I am asked. In limba engleza. Desigur. in unele cazuri.10. Could you lend me a book. Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director. iar complementul indirect este him. subiectul va fi trecut la cazul nominativ. complementul prepozitional. How long have you been learning English? 2. How did you travel? LECTIA V Pasivul se formeaza conjugând verbul to be la timpul cerut de sens. trecerea de la diateza activa la diateza pasiva se face prin transformarea complementului direct in subiect.

7. Pasiv: The child was looked after (by her). In multe cazuri. The noise frightened me. se omite formularea by. They will give me a reward. 10. 9. In this office punctuality is insisted on. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 1. The guide showed the museum to the tourists. 10. My friend doesn’t always tell me the truth. (by me) In propozitia: In this office they insist on punctuality.Complement indirect à Subiect He was given a book. Activ: She looked after the child. my flat was being painted. The policeman will show us the way. Someone has found the missing child. 2. A specialist will repair my TV set. 8. Un alt exemplu de complement prepozitional care poate deveni subiect. punctuality este un complement prepozitional. de asemenea. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. . While I am in hospital. 7. care. 8. People play football all over the world. 4. In aceste situatii. 4. He has found your bag. 5. I have lent John two of my books. 9. The doctor prescribed some pills to the patient. I teach them English. The jury awarded the Romanian film director the Great Prize. The teacher asked me a difficult question. transformând atât complementul direct cât si cel indirect in subiecte: 1. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva in doua feluri. my flat is being painted. 3. de la sfârsitul propozitiei. Ex. They will finish the work today. They are building a new house round the corner. 3. poate deveni subiect in cazul folosirii diatezei pasive: In this office punctuality is insisted on (by them). pasivul se foloseste atunci când nu este important cine face actiunea. 5. 19 of 42 6. Nota: Se poate folosit aspectul continuu al diatezei pasive numai la Present Tense si Past Tense. They have given me a nice present. They were building a new supermarket in that district last month. 6. Ex. when I passed by. I will invite my friend to a party. While I was in hospital. His coworkers must do something for him. 2. 2.

Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. Do you think they will turn down your request? 10. 4. Will you write the letter in ink? 3. This house has been built out of stone and cement. 2. Don’t speak until someone speaks to you. 7. 9. This book will soon be forgotten. We couldn’t account for his odd behaviour. A reception was held in his honour. Gasiti subiecte acolo unde este necesar: 1. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. 2. The climber was finally discovered by the rescue party. We laughed at John. Will someone tell him the details? 6. 6. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele propozitii care cuprind combinatii verb+prepozitie: 1. Ni s-au spus lucruri foarte interesante la conferinta. Would you have finished your work sooner if your colleagues hadn’t interrupted you? 5. 7. Did they tell you about the meeting? 9. They set fire to the shed. 3. 3. 6. . Aceasta informatie treuie tratata confidential. We called for the doctor. In acest hotel se vorbesc limbi straine. They didn’t look after the children properly. English is spoken all over the world. 8. Have you fed the dog? 7. 9. Haven’t they told you to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. Burglars broke into the house. Ni s-a cerut sa aratam pasapoartele. Did the sight of the accident shock him? 8. 5. These books mustn’t be taken away. 6. Când a ajuns acasa si-a dat seama ca I se furase portofelul. 8. He hates being made fun of. The pupils will be told where to sit. 4. 7. 2. Sensurile cuvintelor noi trebuie cautate in dictionar. He hasn’t slept in his bed. Has someone repaired the TV set? 2. 10. Nu s-a auzit nimic despre el de când a plecat la Constanta.3. I was recommended a very good doctor. 5. This painting is admired by all the visitors of the museum. Scrisoarea va fi pusa la posta cât mai curând posibil. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii de la diateza pasiva la diateza activa. Evenimentul a fost comentat de toate ziarele. 9. We objected to his proposal. 5. Did the tornado frighten you? 5. 8. 3. 4. 4. 6.

ought to. Nu primesc s la persoana III singular. I will be able to come to you tomorrow. Cursul profesorului a fost ascultat de toti studentii. Pentru celelalte timpuri se foloseste inlocuitorul to be able to. 12. Nu primesc to inaintea lor si dupa ele: Ex. 11. D). Voi putea veni la tine mâine. C). Ex. He can speak English. (Pot sa fac aceasta. Can is a model verb. Ex. a fi in stare Ex. Acest timbru nu a fost bine lipit pe plic. shall. N-am putut sa-ti telefonez saptamâna aceasta. could. prezent. Caracteristici generale A). Ni se vor da instructiuni detaliate in privinta referatului. Nu formeaza negativul si interogativul cu „to do". Ex. must. I can make this traslation. Se folosesc inlocuitori. Can you make this translation? Could=Past Tense. He cannot (can’t) speak English. will. (Vreau sa fac aceasta. 15. Interogativ: Can I? Can you? etc. may. 13. I cannot (can’t) make this translation.10. I couldn’t come to you yesterday. can’t Ex. might. I can do this. 14. LECTIA VI VERBELE MODALE Can. Ex. prezent Negativ: cannot. Ar fi putut sa fie aici in timp. Could you help me? Ai putea sa ma ajuti? Pentru conditionalul trecut se foloseste could + infinitivul trecut Ex. Nu au toate timpurile. America a fost descoperita la sfârsitul secolului al XV-lea.) Spre deosebire de: I want to do this. need. I haven’t been able to ring you up this week. Muzeul a fost inchis pentru reparatii.) B). should. Se construiesc multe blocuri noi in cartierul nostru. would. conditional prezent al verbului can Negativ: could not (couldn’t) Interogativ: Could I ? Could you? etc. He could have been here in time. Can 1. Ex. are sensul de a putea. . Can = infinitiv. N-am putut sa vin la tine ieri.

(Da. (Stiu sa inot.) Negativ: may not. Ex. Arata o anumita abilitate fizica sau intelectuala. a avea permisiunea Ex. Voi sti sa conduc masina dupa ce voi lua câteva lectii. I can swim. dar se foloseste numai dupa un alt verb la trecut (vorbire indirecta). 2. He may/might be at home now. You can’t/couldn’t have seen John in the street. El e in strainatate. Ring up John. inlocuitorul to be able to pentru celelalte timpuri. Voi putea/mi se va permite sa fumez in camera aceea. Ex. Soarele nu a apus inca. I will be allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. Nu se poate sa fie ora 9. Ex. Can’t/couldn’t – nu se poate sa. are sensul de a putea. May I smoke in this room? Pot/am permisiunea sa fumez in aceasta camera? Yes.2.) Cu acest sens. timpurile se folosesc ca la punctul 1 (could pentru Past Tense si conditionalul prezent. Pentru celelalte timpuri se folosesc inlocuitorii: to be allowed to. prezent Cu acest sens exista timpul might care reda ideea de trecut. ideea de trecut este redata prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut.). Cu acest sens. se foloseste infinitivul trecut. The sun hasn’t set yet. Father. Nu se poate sa-l fi vazut pe John pe strada.) I can speak English. you may. He is abroad. pot/am permisiunea sa iau masina ta? 4. I will tbe able to drive a car after I have taken a few lessons. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut cu acest sens. s-ar putea sa ploua. Ia-ti umbrela. May 1. poti. He said I might smoke in that room. Take your umbrella. (Stiu sa vorbesc engleza. Ex. It can’t/couldn’t be 9 o’clock. can I take your car? Tata. Se traduce cu a sti sa. nu e posibil sa. Telefoneaza-I lui John. I was allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. In vorbirea familiara. mayn’t Interogativ: May I? May you? May = infinitiv. Ex. 3. Ex. can poate fi folosit cu sensul lui may de „a avea permisiunea". . to be permitted to. May/Might – s-ar putea sa Ex. Ex. It may/might rain. Am putut/mi s-a permis sa fumez in camera aceea. S-ar putea sa fie acasa acum.

You might have written me a letter when you were in England. Probabil ca era târziu. Must 1. I had to finish the traslation yesterday. I didn’t have to finish the translation yesterday. cu sensul de a fi nevoie Ex. May/might pot exprima un repros. se adauga infinitivul trecut. Nu. -Need: verb modal. Cu acest sens. Let’s go home. Negativ: must not. Pentru redarea ideii de trecut. I was asleep when you arrived home last night. It’s got late. ideea de trecut se reda prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. Hai sa-l vizitam. Let’s call on him. He doesn’t need this book. mustn’t Interogativ: Must I? Must you? Must = infinitiv. Why didn’t you take your coat? You may/might have caught a cold. Se foloseste inlocuitorul to have to. It must have been late. El nu are nevoie de aceasta carte. Need Exista doua verbe: -To need: verb obisnuit. . Ai fi putut sa imi scrii o scrisoare când erai in Anglia. to have to formeaza interogativul si negativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do. poate avea sensul probabil ca: Ex. A trebuit sa termin traducerea ieri. 2. you needn’t. cu sensul de a avea nevoie Ex. Ex. Va trebui sa termin traducerea mâine. nu e nevoie. De ce nu ti-ai luat haina? S-ar fi putut sa racesti. Need I be here at one o’clock? E nevoie sa fiu aici la ora 1? No. You may/might help me when I am in need. Trebuie sa plec acasa. notional. I must go home. Trebuie mentionat faptul ca inlocuitorul lui must. Probabil ca John e acasa acum. Eu dormeam când ai venit tu aseara. Ex. John must be at home now. Ex. Ex.Ex. Hai sa mergem acasa. Ai putea sa ma ajuti când sunt la nevoie. prezent Nu are alte timpuri. It must be late. S-a facut târziu. A trebui Ex. De asemenea. I will have to finish the translation tomorrow. Ex. 3. Probabil ca e târziu.

we have enough time. solicitarea unui sfat. We didn’t need to do this exercise. o obligatie morala. Nota: Nu trebuie confundat need not cu must not. Ex. You should/ought to help your mother with housework. de asemenea.Pentru a raspunde afirmativ la intrebarea de mai sus. 3. Completati spatiile goale cu can sau can’t: 1. exista 2 posibilitati: Daca actiunea nu era necesara. Se traduc cu: ar trebui sa. avem destul timp. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut. ar fi bine sa. . aici e limita de viteza. interogativ. Couldn’t you see it was going to rain? Nu era nevoie sa uzi florile. You should not/ought not to have been so rude to him. He …reach the Moon and walk there. o recomandare. The teacher told us it was too easy for us. Need I be here at one o’clock? Yes. o oferta sau o sugestie. shall indica viitorul. Ought to Ambele verbe indica o actiune corecta. Need not se traduce cu „nu e nevoie". Nu e nevoie sa conduci atât de repede. Ex. You needn’t have watered the flowers. Ex. there is a speed limit here. You mustn’t drive so fast. Man …travel through space now. Ex. N-ai vazut ca urma sa ploua? Daca actiunea nu era necesara si nu a fost facuta. se foloseste verbul must. He …even drive on its surface. Nu a fost nevoie sa facem acest exercitiu. dar a fost facuta. Ex. Must not se traduce cu „nu trebuie". Nu ar fi trebuit sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. Profesorul ne-a spus ca e prea usor pentru noi. se foloseste didn’t need + infinitivul Ex. You needn’t drive so fast. Ex. you must! (Da. Should. Nu trebuie sa conduci atât de repede. se adauga infinitivul trecut. Shall Folosit cu persoana I. se foloseste needn’t + infinitivul trecut. 2. Ar trebui sa o ajuti pe mama ta la treburile casei. poate indica. trebuie!) Pentru exprimarea ideii de trecut a verbului need. ar fi cazul sa. Folosit cu persoana I. Which dress shall I buy? Ce rochie sa cumpar? Shall I wait for you? Sa te astept? 1.

holidays will be very different. You probably left your umbrella in the shop. I think she was angry with you. 1. 7. It probably took a long time to finish this translation. It is possible that I come home early. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind may + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: Perhaps it snows in the mountains. 6. 8. 10. 3. You have probably forgotten his address. perhaps it is a good one. A good knowledge of English is likely to help you a lot in your career. Perhaps she has returned the book to you and you have lent it to someone else. It may/might snow in the mountains. 2. 5. 4. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind can’t + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: I don’t believe you are right. 4. 6. 10. He probably thinks I am wrong. He must speak English well. but I doubt it. 2. Don’t wait. She is probably a very good doctor. 1. 9. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind must + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: He probably speaks English well. I have bought his latest book. He is probably older than he looks. You probably forgot to lock the door. Perhaps she was out when you rang her up. You probably knew the lesson very well to get a 10. You can’t be right. 7. 9. He was probably late. This is probably the best Romanian film of the year. . It is possible that he was right but I don’t think so. 5. Take your umbrella. You must have forgotten to lock the door. 5. Perhaps it snowed in the mountains It may/might have snowed in the mountains. But one still …breathe without extra oxygen and one certainly …stay there very long. Perhaps he has done the exercise correctly. 5. 8. 3. He probably came home very early. When we … fly there as easily as we fly to other countries of the world. 2.4. perhaps it will rain. It is possible for her to be very late. 6.

My child …play with the cat for hours on end. You …not eat so many sweets if you don’t want to get fat. You …do this whether you like it or not. This door … not unlock. 7. 7. People … speak during the concert. One …buy a ticket for a slow train in advance. I don’t believe she has married that awful man. 7. 8. . it will soon start raining. 9. I … return the books before the 1st of September. 5. 10. You…water the flowers. You …not go to bed so late at night. 1. 10. 9. You … take an umbrella. 3. You … worry about money. you…get a nice present. He always made mistakes because he …never take any advice. When I was a teenager. 4. 6. 3. please? 7. 2. 8. 9. The visitors … feed the animals in the Zoo. This letter is full of mistakes. You … take sleeping pills too often. 2. 8. I don’t believe she has learnt English in two months. 4. I don’t think this is a true story. 6. 2. I don’t believe it is his fault. One … travel by bus without paying the fare. 5. The sky is clear. 9. 4. you …re-type it. I …hurry up in order not to miss the train. 6. I don’t think he is at the office so late at night. If you win the contest. I don’t think the weather will change. …you tell me the truth. Completati spatiile goale cu shall sau will: 1. You …make a noise or the baby will wake up. You …not expect everybody to obey you. You can’t have been right. I don’t believe she has got so fat. they are addictive. I …wear my hair long. please? 10. …you be so kind and pass me the salt. 2. for once? 24 of 42 3. 10. Completati spatiile goale cu should sau would: 1. This …be John’s house. 5. I don’t believe it was his fault.I don’t believe you were right. I’ll give you as much as you want. I …read one book a day. She …write an article for this magazine every week. I don’t believe that he has passed the exam. … you help me solve this problem? 3. … you correct my exercise. He …read for hours on end. I promise you not …be disturbed. 6. 8. Go to sleep. I don’t think you will miss the train if you hurry. 9. Completati spatiile goale cu mustn’t sau needn’t : 1. 7. 5. 4. 8. When I was young.

10. which was very convenient. 10. I …(get up) so early today. 8. I am sorry you wasted your time. 2." 13. because the teacher won’t have time to read it all. 4. 2. The light was on in his room. . Nu stiu sa crosetez. I …(buy) a new map of London as I already had one. Va trebui sa plec curând. but he himself believes he needn’t. 8. Ar trebui ca toti copiii sa faca treburi in casa. 2. he will never read them all. He has one of his own. She is away. 10. 9. I …(see) him for that. John …(do) such a thing. 3. but I forgot it was Sunday. 5. which would have saved me a lot of work. Ai putea sa-mi telefonezi mai des când stii ca sunt bolnav. he was back soon. Va trebui sa ma ajuti mai mult astazi. Traduceti in limba engleza. Completati spatiile goale cu must. 4. he is a nice boy. Profesorul mi-a spus ca pot sa lipsesc de la ora urmatoare. The child … (leave) home. I didn’t hear the phone. 9. The student …(write) such a long composition. folosind verbe modale sau inlocuitori ai acestora: 1. Toata lumea sa fie prezenta la sedinta. Sunt sigur ca voi putea gasi timp sa te ajut. I …(answer) the questions. He …(be) at home. the road is dry. 11. Stiam sa cânt la pian când eram copil. I haven’t got my bag with me. 3. 5.10. Incercati sa gasiti un sens urmatorului dialog: "Do you think he will?" "I think he might. You …(buy) so much bread. 3. You …(see) Anna yesterday. It …(rain) here. I …(answer) the questions. It …(take) you a long time to knit this dress. he is a very poor swimmer. Ar fi trebuit sa citesc bibliografia pentru acest seminar. 6. It’ll get stale. 7." "His family consider he should. 7. 8. You…(lend) him your text – book. I …(leave) it on the bus. I locked the door and took the key with me. can’t sau needn’t + infinitivul trecut: 1. We …(wait) too long. 7. 6. 9. 4. I wrote him a letter. He …(swim) across the Danube.Completati spatiile goale cu didn’t need to sau needn’t have + forma III a verbului: 1. Toti studentii pot si trebuie sa scrie aceasta lucrare. You …(lend) him so many books. I …(be) in the garden. 12." "Yes. 5. You …(wait) for me. 6. 11.

subjonctivul nu are formele lui proprii. De asemenea. E nevoie sa urcam la cabana pe jos? 15. sa astepti câteva minute? 30. Come what may. 16. o dorinta sau un blestem. Ex. De ce ai vorbit atât de tare? 25. Ti-am telefonat si nu a raspuns nimeni. 26. 17. Nu se poate ca profesorul sa fi fost multumit de acest raspuns. El apare cu forme de infinitiv. 20. in situatii in care. would + infinitiv. 23. Probabil ca eram inca la facultate. va rog. de Past Tense si de Past Perfect. 1. Nu se poate sa fi gasit usa deschisa. ar fi . Nu e nevoie sa-ti cari singura bagajul in gara. o urare. 19. Unde mergem acum? 28. may. in engleza contemporana. Nu a fost nevoie sa-I telefonez lui Jane ca sa vorbesc cu ea pentru ca urma sa vina la mine peste o jumatate de ora. Nu se poate sa fi fost acasa aseara. Vreti. Am cerut sa vorbesc cu directorul. Mâine va trebui sa pun scrisoarea la posta. 21. 25 of 42 LECTIA VII MODUL SUBJONCTIV In engleza contemporana. Poate fi intâlnit in poezia clasica. Long live the king! Traiasca regele. Fie ce-o fi. Nu aveti voie sa vorbiti in timpul examenului. God forgive you! Fie ca Domnul sa te ierte! Curse this fog! Blestemata fie aceasta ceata! b. Nu a fost nevoie sa spun „multumesc" când am aflat ora exacta formând 958 intrucât stiam ca informatia e inregistrata pe banda.12. exista echivalenti de subjonctiv care constau in verbele should. te-ar putea ajuta un hamal. 18. am baut deja doua astazi. 22. 27. 13. Subjonctiv cu forma de infinitiv a. Nu. 24. 14. Apare in propozitii exclamative. Trebuie sa-mi schimb pantofii când intru in casa pentru ca sunt plini de noroi. might. Nu era nevoie sa-mi faci cafea. exprimând o lozinca. dar el nu a vrut sa vina la telefon. 29. Ar fi trebuit sa insisti. o incuiasem chiar eu. putem lua autobuzul sau telefericul. Iti promit ca vei avea cartea mâine.

Toata lumea sa paraseasca sala. Ex. it is likely that. d. apare ca were la toate persoanele. 1. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Perfect. Mi-as dori sa fiu in Anglia acum. to urge. it is necessary that. se foloseste would. Somebody bring me a glass of water. to order Ex. Cineva sa-mi aduca un pahar cu apa. If only I lived to be a hundred! Bine ar fi sa traiesc pâna la o suta de ani! c) As if/though (ca si cum. I recommended that his proposal be accepted.inlocuit cu prezentul. It is impossible that he do this. Este imposibil ca el sa faca aceasta. Nota: Verbul to be la subjonctivul du forma de Past Tense. E necesar ca tu sa fii prezent. Daca dorinta se refera la un moment viitor. to insist. Ex. I wish I were in England now. Mi-as dori sa ma fi nascut in Anglia. Mi-as dori sa inceteze ploaia. to demand. Everybody leave the hall. to recommend. Poate fi folosit ca o modalitate de a da ordine. ca echivalent de subjonctiv. Dupa constructii de tipul: it is impossible that. I wish I had been born in England. Ex. Doctorul a insistat ca eu sa stau acasa. Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: Apare dupa urmatoarele expresii: a). Ex. b) If only – are aproximativ acelasi sens cu I wish Ex. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. Ex. I wish (mi-as dori. I wish it would stop raining. It is necessary that you be present. Ex. e) Dupa verbe ca: to propose. bine ar fi sa) Daca dorinta se refera la momentul prezent. it is desirable that. The doctor insisted that I keep indoors. It is desirable that we finish the translation first. Shakespeare: „If this be error"… If this is error Byron: „Though the hart be still as loving" …the heart is c. de parca) even if/even though (chiar daca) . Am recomandat ca propunerea lui sa fie acceptata. Daca dorinta se refera la un moment anterior. to suggest. Este de dorit ca noi sa terminam intâi traducerea.

(E timpul. se poate folosi fie subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. It is high time you began to study seriously. Ex. to insist. Dupa conjunctia lest (ca nu cumva sa) Ex. fie ca se foloseste in limba engleza subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. Este imposibil ca el sa fi facut aceasta. De asemenea. It is impossible that he should have done this. la fel ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (vezi 1-e). . should – ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (1-d) se poate folosi dupa constructii de tipul: It is impossible that. to urge.Ex. Este vorba de cazul când propozitia secundara exprima o actiune anterioara celei din principala. to demand. It is time the child went to bed. to suggest. persoana care isi exprima preferinta este diferita de cea care face actiunea.) Ex. fie cel cu forma de infinitiv. e) I would sooner/rather (as prefera sa…) Ex. Ex.) It is high time. Ex. in aceasta situatie should este urmat de infinitivul trecut. It is necessary that you should be present. You speak English as if you were an Englishman. You speak English as if you had lived in England. to recommend. As prefera sa stai acasa in seara asta. In exemplul de mai sus. should poate aparea dupa verbe ca: to propose. Echivalenti de subjonctiv a. I am afraid lest he should fail the exam. Ex. It is impossible that he should do this. The doctor insisted that I should stay indoors. I would sooner I stayed at home tonight. It is desirable that we should finish the translation first. Dupa cum se observa. d )It is time. it is necessary that. Vorbesti engleza ca si cum ai fi trait in Anglia. I recommend that his proposal should be accepted. Grabeste-te ca nu cumva sa pierzi trenul. 1. In cazul in care persoana care isi exprima preferinta este aceeasi cu cea care face actiunea. I would sooner stay at home tonight. Era de mult timpul sa incepi sa studiezi serios. Vorbesti engleza de parca ai fi englez. Acest tip de constructii se traduc la fel (vezi 1-d). Mi-e teama ca nu cumva sa piarda examenul. I would sooner you stayed at home tonight. fie ca se foloseste should ca echivalent de subjonctiv. E timpul sa mearga copilul la culcare. Hurry up lest you should miss the train. (Era de mult timpul. Exista o situatie in care nu se poate folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv.ci este necesara introducerea lui should.

may poate aparea in lozinci si urari: Ex. wherever. b. why. Este posibil ca el sa ajunga aici la timp. you have no right to do this. iti voi telefona. in secundara se foloseste may. Study hard so that/in order that you may pass the exam. Era posibil ca el sa fi ajuns aici la timp. etc. whenever. whatever sau dupa formulele echivalente no matter who. in order that Ex. Am invatat serios ca sa trec examenul. fie in vorbirea direca. may. Dupa so that. Mi-era teama sa nu cada la examen. fie in vorbirea indirecta. Intrebari introduse prin how.Nota: In engleza contemporana exista tendinta de a se omite should dupa lest si de a se folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. to be afraid Ex. you have no right to do this. Whoever you may/might be. Ex. Ex. Dupa to hope. Dupa whoever. whichever. I will ring you up. No matter who you may/might be. May success attend you! Fie ca succesul sa fie cu tine! May you live long and be happy! Fie sa traiesti mult si sa fii fericit. I studied hard so that/in order that I might pass the exam. it was possible Ex. Hurry up lest you miss the train. It is possible that he may be here in time. How should I know where he is now? De unde sa stiu unde este el acum? I don’t see why you should be so rude to him. daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul prezent. Invata serios ca sa treci examenul. Wherever I may/might be. might Ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. It was possible that he might be here in time. iar daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul trecut. nu ai dreptul sa faci asta. in secundara se foloseste might. Ex. Sper ca el sa treaca examenul. no matter when. Dupa cum reiese din exemplele de mai sus.when. Nu vad de ce sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. I was afraid that he might fail the exam. Oriunde as fi. Dupa it is possible. I hope that he may pass the exam. where. . however. Oricine ai fi.

8. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Perfect (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry I lost my umbrella. Mi-as dori sa pot vorbi engleza/sa fiu in stare sa vorbesc engleza. 5.Nota: Dupa cum se poate observa. 2. 7. 1. I regret you didn’t win the competition. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Tense (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry/I regret the weather isn’t fine. Mi-as dori sa pot/sa am permisiunea de a imprumuta masina ta. 8. echivalentii de subjonctiv sunt la origine verbe modale. I wish I might borrow your car. I am sorry you had an accident. 2. I regret I have no children. I am sorry you were delayed at the office. I am sorry I was late for the party. I was sorry you were out when I called. I was sorry you had got a fine. I am sorry you live so far away. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. I am sorry it rains so often. I am sorry I had no money to buy that painting. Exisa situatii când se pot folosi si alte verbe modale decât cele expuse in acest capitol ca echivalenti de subjonctiv. 3. I wish I hadn’t lost my umbrella. I am sorry I don’t live in Bucharest. I am sorry I can’t play the piano. I am sorry my friend is ill. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 1. I regret I am not a student. Ex. 7. 3. I regret I can’t go to the concert. I wish I could speak English. verbele respective aduc in propozitie si sensul lor initial. 2. I am sorry books are so expensive. 1. 6. 4. 4. 10. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. I wish the weather were fine. . 5. I regret I have only one child. 6. iar in aceste cazuri. I am sorry I didn’t win the Great Prize. 10. I regretted you couldn’t come to me yesterday. I regretted the weather was bad when I was on holiday. 9. 9.

He would rather his daughter (not get married) so young. 3. 10. Puneti verbele din paranteze la forma corecta de subjonctiv: 1. 2. If only I (be) in Italy now! 9. 3. 3. I regret he will stay in hospital so long. I wish I (not catch) a cold on the trip yesterday. 15. I am sorry you won’t take a driving licence. I wish he would take my advice.3. 5. I would marry you even if you (be) a pauper. He wishes his book (become) a best-seller! 19. 8. 5. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: 1. I regret I won’t spend my holiday in England. I am sorry he won’t accept my proposal. I regret I won’t be able to read Goethe in the original. 2. If only I (not forget) his phone number! 18. 7. Mi-as dori sa incetezi cu zgomotul acela chiar in acest moment. He wishes he (have) a good English teacher in the next academic year. You behave as if you (own) the place. I am cold. 6. It’s time we (go) home. 6. 17. Ce pacat ca ploua! Daca n-ar ploua. 4. If only my telephone (work)! 11. Mi-as dori sa incetezi sa te mai vaicaresti pentru ca am si eu necazurile mele. I would rather you (close) that window. 20. It’s high time he (take) a job and (stop) living on his parents. I am sorry I will get fat when giving up smoking. I would rather you (not waste) your time! 4. It’s time I (get) a promotion! 5. Don’t treat me as if I (be) a child. 12. 7. Bine ar fi sa fii mai ordonata! 5. 13. I regret you won’t come on holiday with me. 16. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. I regret I won’t have a phone in my new flat. I’d rather I (stay) at home and (watch) TV. 1. If only I (become) a millionaire. 4. I would rather he (tell) me the truth. 4. 9. 8. am putea merge la plaja! . Bine ar fi sa nu fi facut atâtea greseli la lucrarea de control. 2. I am sorry he will be away for such a long time. I am sorry they will not sign the contract. 10. 14. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + would + infinitiv scurt: Model: I am sorry he will not take my advice. I wish I (enter) the faculty last year. It is high time you (start) studying for your exam.

. Ce pacat ca nu mai sunt tânar! 8. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent: 1. Era ciudat ca el sa nu fi citit aceasta carte. 14. 2. El a sugerat ca noi sa cumparam aceasta casa. Este imposibil ca el sa se fi intors atât de devreme. Este enervant ca tu sa fi uitat sa-mi aduci cartea inapoi. 3. 13. 19. Este probabil ca fiul meu sa fi luat examenul. 17. Directorul a propus ca eu sa lucrez in alt sector. Profesorul sugereaza ca noi sa citim aceasta carte. As prefera sa te scoli mai devreme. 5. Era demult timpul sa incepi sa citesti cartile cerute pentru examenul de literatura româna. As prefera sa merg la teatru. Este imposibil ca el sa se intoarca atât de devreme.6. la tara. 6. 18. Vorbesti ca si cum ai fi suparata pe mine. 7. Este necesar sa fii informat despre ce se intâmpla in tara. 16. 6. Jane si-ar dori sa-mi petrec sfârsitul de saptamâna cu ea. 9. 9. Prietenul meu a insistat sa merg cu el la concert. 11. Mama a hotarât ca noi sa stam acasa. 8. As prefera sa ma scol mai devreme. Este foarte important ca acest contract sa fie semnat foarte curând. 12. Ea arata de parca ar fi manechin. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de sobjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent sau trecut: 1. 2. 3. Am sugerat sa-l alegem presedinte. Este necesar sa fiu prezent la aceasta sedinta? 7. 7. 4. E timpul sa-mi inapoiezi banii pe care ti I-am imprumutat. As prefera sa mergi la teatru. 8. 4. 5. Vrei sa spui ca este probabil sa ne petrecem concediul in Bucuresti? 10. E ora 10! Nu crezi ca era demult timpul sa te scoli si sa te apuci de lucru? 15. Directorul a cerut ca toata lumea sa fie prezenta la ora 8. 6. Ea se poarta cu el de parca ar fi sotul ei. Este important ca tu sa stii engleza bine. 10. Stiu ca tu ti-ai dori sa-ti petreci vacanta intr-o tabara. dar eu prefer sa mergi la bunicul. Ti-ai dori sa fi fost invitata la petrecerea lui John? 7. El mi-a vorbit ca si cum nu se intâmplase nimic intre noi. Insist ca tu sa accepti aceasta slujba. 20.

I closed the window lest (get) too cold. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv may sau might + infinitivul prezent: 1. 2. Diateza activa -infinitiv prezent simplu: to call -infinitiv prezent continuu: to be calling -infinitiv perfect simplu: to have called . nu te pot crede. It is impossible that my sister (tell) this to you yesterday. 15. 8. 20. El a intrat in casa fara zgomot. I have to work hard so that my company (prosper). nu poti câstiga un astfel de concurs. 6.If only I (have) a brother or a sister! LECTIA VIII MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE In limba engleza. you should remember your own phone number. 9. I wish I (find) another. Oricând te vei intoarce. Oricine ti-ar fi spus asta despre mine. 9. I have such a boring job. I propose that we (leave) by the 9 o’clock train. 7. 9. 4. I closed the window so that it (not get) too cold. Vorbeste mai tare ca sa te aud (asfel incât sa te pot auzi). 12. 6. I’ve told you everything so that you (understand) my position. forma –ing (gerunziul si participiul prezent) si participiul trecut. She speaks about her son as if he (be) a genius. 10. All success (attend) you! 18. nu ar fi trebuit sa crezi. 16. diateza si timpuri. No matter how/however absent – minded you (be). I suggested that we (take) a taxi. 5. 5. It is desirable that they (divorce) immediately. He throws money away as if he (be) a rich man. Inlocuiti infinitivele din paranteze cu unul dintre tipurile de subjonctiv sau cu un echivalent de subjonctiv: 1. Infinitivul poate avea aspect. The road is wet. 2. Orice mi-ai spune. 13. 10. 3. 19. drive carefully lest you (have) an accident. Este posibil ca ea sa fie plecata din oras. 8. 17.8. eu voi fi acasa si te voi astepta. 3. I wish my car (not break down) last week. The doctor recommended that the patient (have) an operation. 7. It is strange that she (leave) the lights on when she left the town. I wish I (be) there when it happened. Da-te la o parte ca sa vad (astfel incât sa pot vedea) ecranul. modurile nepersonale sunt urmatoarele: infinitivul. nu ar trebui sa ma minti. Am facut un imprumut ca sa (astfel incât sa) pot sa-mi cumpar casa. 11. Oricare ar fi motivul. 4. Oricât te-ai stradui. astfel incât sa nu-l aud eu. 14. I’d rather you (retire) as soon as possible.

to watch. I’d like him to come with me. I saw him leave the room. I want you to go now. Adverbe exprimând dorinta sau vointa: to want. to like. (Vreau ca tu sa pleci acum. Ex. to hate. verbe exprimând un ordin. to wish. to dislike.) c. o permisiune sau o cauzalitate: to make. to feel. Ex. (L-am vazut ca paraseste camera/parasind camera. Diateza activa -nedefinit: calling -perfect: having called Diateza pasiva -nedefinit: being called . (L-am lasat sa iasa afara sa joace fotbal.) I let him go out and play.) Exista câteva tipuri de verbe care accepta acest tip de constructii: a. Participiul prezent si gerunziul pot avea timpuri si diateza.perfect: having been called Participiul trecut se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ed la verbele regulate.) . in cazul verbelor neregulate. to cause. verbe exprimând perceptia senzoriala: to see.) b. to order. Verbele to make si to let sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). Ex. (El a ordonat sa se incuie usa. to hear. (L-am facut sa invete engleza. el reprezinta forma a IIIa: -to call – called – called -to go – went – gone Constructii cu infinitivul 1.) I want John to do this. Acuzativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un verb urmat de un pronume sau substantiv in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv.-infinitiv perfect continuu: to have been calling Diateza pasiva -infinitiv prezent simplu: to be called -infinitiv perfect: to have been called Forma -ing. Atât participiul prezent cât si gerunziul se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ing la infinitivul verbelor (to call – calling).) He ordered the door to be locked. (As vrea ca el sa vina cu mine. Ex. (Vreau ca John sa faca aceasta. I made him study English. to allow. Aceste verbe sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to).

to understand.) Sunt situatii in care Nominativul cu Infinitivut exprima o formulare pasiva a Acuzativului cu Infinitiv: Ex.) I happened to meet him in the street. to believe.) f. Ex. to know. to prove. (Consider ca el este un bun student.) They declared him to be the man of the year. (Ma bazez pe tine sa faci aceasta. He proved to be a good journalist. to consider. (M-am asteptat ca el sa vina la timp.) Nota: Trebuie remarcat faptul ca expresia impersonala din limba româna se . cu anumite verbe urmate de prepozitii obligatorii: to rely upon/on.d. He was declared to be the man of the year. to appear -la diateza activa: Ex. cu verbele: to happen. (Ei l-au declarat a fi omul anului. verbe exprimând perceptia mentala: to think. (Se spune ca el este un bun scriitor. Ex. He admitted the news to be false. He considered the news to be false. to admit. to consider. I consider him to be a good student. Nominativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un subiect in nominativ + un verb la diateza pasiva sau activa + un verb la infinitiv. He is said to be a good writer. He is considered to be a good student. ii voi spune unde esti. I will tell him where you are. a.) I expected him to come in time. to suppose. to seem. to believe. (El s-a dovedit a fi un bun jurnalist. folosit cu verbe la diateza pasiva: to see. to know. Ex. I made him study English. to expect. to declare. to make. The news was considered to be false.) If I happen to meet him. to turn out. to count upon/on . to say. to hear.) 1. to suppose.) e. b. to expect. (S-a intâmplat sa-l intâlnesc pe strada. (El a recunoscut ca stirile erau false. I consider him to be a good student. verbe declarative: to state. Ex. I rely on you to do this. (Daca se va intâmpla sa-l intâlnesc. He was made to study English. They declared him to be the man of the year.

Ex.) Nota: Ultimele doua propozitii se se pot reda in limba engleza si cu ajutorul subjonctivului. tradusa cu o expresie personala in limba engleza. (E sigur ca ea va veni la timp. precum si cu verbele to find. Daca vrem sa traducem expresia personala: „Ea e sigura ca va veni la timp" o redam in modul urmator: „She is sure the she will come in time". (Am auzit-o cântând. to hear. It is easy for me to do this.) This remains for him to decide. She is sure to come in time. It is impossible that I (should) come. In timp ce I saw her leaving se poate traduce numai Am vazut-o plecând. (Este necesar ca eu sa merg acolo. Ex. to leave. (Este imposibil ca el sa vina.intâmpla sa este. (Am lasat-o / gasit-o plângând. Constructii cu participiul prezent 1. I saw him leaving (L-am vazut plecând. to smell.) I left / found her crying. (E usor sa fac asta.) It is impossible for him to come. Nominativ cu Participiu .) Nota: Din nou avem in limba engleza o expresie personala care se traduce in româneste cu o expresie impersonala. a. Ex. It is necessary that I (should) go there. de obicei.) It is necessary for me to go there. aceasta constructie este asemanatoare cu Acuzativul cu Infinitiv. Acuzativ cu participiu Se foloseste cu verbe exprimând perceptie senzorial: to see. (Aceasta ramâne sa o decida el. cu expresiile: to be sure / likely / unlikely / certain Ex. For – phrase Consta din propozitia for + un substantiv sau pronume in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. to watch.) I heard her singing. 2. Diferenta de sens intre cele doua constructii este urmatoarea: folosirea acuzativului cu infinitiv pune accentul pe actiunea propriu-zisa.) In cazul verbelor de perceptie. Astfel: I saw her leave s-ar putea traduce Am vazut-o ca pleaca sau Am vazut-o plecând. in timp ce acuzativul cu participiu arata actiunea in desfasurare. 1.

John a recunoscut ca vina era a lui. am mers acasa. Ex: I must have/get mz shoes repaired. L-am vazut vorbind cu prietena lui. I-au fost ucisi doi fii in razboi. 6. Ea m-a facut sa inteleg ce se intâmplase. 12. 3. Am auzit-o certându-si copilul. 13. (Trebuie sa-mi dau pantofii la reparat. Ma bazez pe tine sa-mi imprumuti niste bani. Nominativul absolut Este o constructie participiala care are un subiect al ei propriu. 31 of 42 2. Inteleg ca ea e o profesoara foarte buna. 9. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind constructia Acuzativ cu Infinitiv sau Acuzativ cu Participiu: 1. I-am privit jucând fotbal. (Ea a fost auzita cântând. 8. I had my bedroom window broken. Ex. we went home. 11. (El a fost vazut plecând.) I will have my hair done. Am vazut câtiva copii jucându-se in parc. 5. 4. M-am asteptat sa vii mai devreme. Cineva mi-a spart geamul din dormitor. . Stiam ca el e un om foarte ocupat. El voia ca eu sa-l ajut.) Aceasta constructie arata ca actiunea este facuta de catre altcineva spre avantajul sau la ordinul persoanei reprezentate de subiect.) Weather permitting.Este pasivul constructiei Acuzativ cu Participiu: Ex: He was seen leaving. (Daca vremea va permite. Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. Ex: The classes being over.) Constructie cu participiul trecut Este formata din verbul to have sau to get + un complement + participiul trecut. Mama ar vrea ca eu sa devin doctor. Este de asemenea sa apara situatii in care actiunea exprimata de participiul trecut este facuta de altcineva in detrimentul persoanei exprimate de subiect. we shall go to the beach. (Voi merge sa ma coafez.) She was heard singing. Cred ca el e un sot bun. vom merge la plaja. 10. (Orele fiind terminate. She had two sons killed in the war. 3. 7.

The people were impatient. This fact is important. It is important that you should come to the office. 2. It was proved that she was a liar. It is impossible that he should have said that. I thought she was unable to win the contest. I can’t solve it. It is possible that I might buy a car. She was thought to be a gifted child. I ordered a taxi. It seemed that she was satisfied with me. Folositi drept subiect pronumele subliniate: Model: Her parents thought she was a gifted child. 4. It is possible that the plane might be delayed. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia „forphrase": Model: It is important that I should know the truth. . People believed he was a brilliant surgeon. It is necessary that he be present. 7. 4. 4. 5. Expected that he would resign. It is expected that he will arrive at 2 o’clock. They said she was ill. We should have a heart to heart talk. We should do it now. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind constructia „for-phrase": Model: This translation is easy. It is necessary that you should study the matter seriously. 1. 7. You should take it. I didn’t want her to miss the train. 4. 15. 2. 9. 9. They heard him repeat it several times. 5. This is the main thing. I have closed the window. Presupuneam ca el stie sa conduca masina. It is important to know the truth. 1. 5. 6. This problem is too difficult. The match was about to begin. It is recommendable that you should read this book. I can’t believe she said that. 3. Everybody. at once.14. I cam make it. 3. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia Nominativ cu Infinitiv. The time has come. It is advisable that you should resign. It’s time you started learning foreign languages. 7. 8. 10. You should bear it in mind. You should read it. 6. El m-a facut sa pierd trenul. 2. It’s time we met again. This is a good book. 10. 3. 6. This is a strange thing. 8. This translation is easy for me to make. 2. 1. This is a valuable piece of advice. 3. I don’t want you to catch a cold. 8.

4. He doesn’t remember. Everybody being at home. I went home relaxed. You don’t play. The sun having risen. 4. Weather permitting. 5. 3. I saw her lying on the beach. I could hear her typing. I don’t love. I saw the plane landing. 7. 32 of 42 CHEIA EXERCITIILOR LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exercitii cu Present Simple si Continuous Exercitiul l: 1. the audience left the hali. 10. 10. 7. Do I understand? 4. 5. 6. She doesn’t talk. 3. I don’t understand. I heard the child breaking the vase. we were seared about having floods. The mud having ruined my shoes. He doesn’t have. She heard the hunters shooting. I went shopping. Do they live? 8. Do I love? 2.9. Do you play? 5. I saw her fainting. I don’t trust. Do I trust? 10. It happened that she made three spelling mistakes in her letter. The letter being written. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele constructii Acuzativ cu Participiu. 8. 8. Does he have? 9. I saw the peasants working in the field. They don’t live. I stopped smoking. Do I have? Exercitiul 2: . Do I always believe? 6. Does he remember? 7. 6. l. She heard the baby crying. 2. The rain having stopped. we shall climb to the top of the mountain. It is sure they have had an argument. 5. Does she talk? 3. 9. I found the boy breaking the window. transformându-le in Nominativ cu Participiu: Model: I heard the dog barking. I don’t have. we sat down to dinner. 9. Traduceti in limba româna urmatoarele propozitii cu constructia Nominativul absolut: 1. 6. I don’t always believe. we hurried to the beach. The dog was heard barking. I went to post it. I had to change them. The plane having taken off. The river having risen in the night. 10. The concert being over. The decision being taken in my favour. I found her digging in the garden. 2.

he was working. 2. is drinking. 20. I always made. He isn’t telling. Did he change? 5. Do you usually get. He didn’t come. you came in. 7. do you do? 3. 8. I am not going. He didn’t change. What are you speaking about? Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. 5. At what time does John get up in the morning? 11. The child isn’t learning. write. 19. They aren’t swimming. I like to swim a lot. he walks. She is packing her luggage. 12. What book are you reading? 10. Is my mother resting? 8. 11. 3. On Sundays. 7. He didn’t think. were you going. go. 4. 6. I was talking. 6. Did he translate? 10. Are they swimming? 6. Do you know? Exercitiul 4: l. were you doing? 7. 13. I am not having. Did he think? 2. The customer is just choosing a pair of shoes. I . Ann isn’t knitting. he is having. Did we work? 7. Now I am doing my homework in English. 1 don’t like. 20. 1 first met. How often do you write to your parents? 18. Do you like? 8. Are we studying? 9. You drank. someone rang up. I was writing. I often read English books. 15. You spoke. You asked. always borrow/is always borrowing. He doesn’t go to school by underground. Did he forbid? Exercitiul 3: 1. Is the child learning? Exercitiul 3: l. I don’t like coffee. 7. Did they drink? 3. I am cooking. Do you go? 16. Why are you opening the window? I5. 4. 8. don’t understand. 14. What do you do on your free days? 12. Is my friend wearing? 7. I owned. He met. he had. 18. I didn’t sell. I met. 8. Did I hate? 4. He didn’t translate. 10. are you waiting? I am waiting. he doesn’t get up early. 2. 19. Did he come? 8. Whom are you ringing up? 13. 5. 10. I always have. They didn’t drink. 4. are you hurrying? I don’t want. 3. am. 14. he waslearning. Is it raining? 2. 6. When I go to the seaside. My mother isn’t resting. speaks. He didn’t forbid. 9. remembers. My friend isn’t wearing. I do not study in the evening. Are you writing. Do you smoke? 17. 5. drinks. It isn’t raining. the teacher was writing. 16. What are you doing? Are you reading or watching TV? 5. Am I having? 3. 3. I entered. 2. it often rains. 2. You aren’t typing. are you thinking? I am thinking. I played. Do you dream? I dream 9. Is Ann knitting? 10. 4. it is raining. 6. That sounded. She goes shopping on Saturdays.l. Did I sell? 6. Did I enjoy? 9. Exercitiul 2: 1. The secretary is just typing a report. I didn’t hate. Is he telling? 4. We aren’t studying. 17. It snows in winter. am taking. Are you typing? 5.I liked. I slept. We didn’t work. 9. I didn’t enjoy.

I got. I have often thought of taking a driving licence.6. He has been fishing. I . When did you return from the mountains? 11. I have been wearing. 6. 8. I have already seen. Have you paid? 19. Have you visited? 12. I have lost. He has been sleeping. Have you been? I have been. He has been a Minister for two years. He has been. He has just left. Exercitiul 2: l.. While I was looking for my passport. I haven’t written. Have you watered? 3. 5. 11 . This time yesterday it was raining. The boys were playing cards when they heard their father entering the house. 2. Have you lived? I have lived. 10. Two days ago I fell and I broke my leg. Have you read? 18. Have you been. 4. 2. I got up.arrived. 4. While it was raining. have you cooked? 7. 8. I have bought. How long have you been learning English? 5. my friends played chess. 8. I have been watering. They hid the cards away and took out their school books. I got up late yesterday morning. 10. I found this old photo. Last Sunday. 17. 7. 10. 20. I didn’t go to the swimming pool. 9. I have been asking. 10. 2. haven’t you seen? did you use? 2. The weather has got warmer lately. Where did you spend your holiday last summer? 15. he wasn’t wearing. 3. I was. Yesterday I got up early. Last week I was ill and 1 didn’t go to school. I have just had. we left. I had breakfast and then I left for school. 9. He hasn’t come. It has been raining. the sun didn’t set at 8 o’clock. Did you sleep well last night? 3. He sat for his first exam last week. 17. We have known. The child has been playing. Exercitiul 4: 1. Who won the match the day before yesterday? 20. 7. 5. 6. 3. I was watching. she was having. Who has taught you to speak English so well? 2. 6. Have you ever eaten? 13. 5. I have been doing. the engine – drivers have gone. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: l. 8. When did you buy this TV set? 12. Where have you spent your holiday this year? 3. I have’ been shopping. at 7 o’clock in the morning? I was preparing to go to the faculty. 19. 14. 14. I haven’t been. She has changed. have you been wearing? 6. The radio has been playing. He has always relied. I have lent. 18. have you been. 4. began. 9. 9. 13. I returned. I saw. 1t hasn’t rained. 5. he realized. I didn’t succeed. A strong wind was blowing when I left the house. What were you doing last Tuesday. 7. 7. 4. I5. 9. Have you ever tried? I tried. Yesterday. Last night. Have you ever driven? 16. Exercitiul 3: I. Exercitiul 4: 1. 4. I was driving to Sinaia. He hasn’t gone. 16. I have been cooking. Have you seen? she left. Yesterday I lost my gloves. he has caught.

He thanked me for what I had done for him. As soon as he had finished writing the paper. he had learned/he had been learning. 4. Have you already had breakfast? Yes. had been climbing. 20. Exercitiul 3: 1. 10. she had been cleaning and dusting. congratulated. he went. I have seldom walked to my office. I had returned. had been swimming. 10. We must replace it. 10. The secretary told me the manager had been speaking on the phone for half an hour. 10. I shall/will know. they had been waiting. I had it at 8 o’clock. 2. 5. had been speaking. They told me they had been living in France since 1980. 4. it had been raining. 11. 6. 8. it had been raining. Exercitii cu Past Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. He has written only two letters since he went abroad. Have you seen today’s newspaper? 17. I didn’t phone you because I thought you had gone abroad. They travelled to many countries after they had got married. it had been raining. had been cooking. Who did you vote for at the last elections? I didn’t go to vote. had spread. 5. they had been. 3. I realized I had left my bag at home. had listened. I called. I shall/will remember. 4. we had been walking. . he handed it to the teacher. 2. we realized. I stayed at home and I haven’t regretted it for a moment! 16. he had got married. Will you recognize? 4. 12. Since I bought a car. 5. 2. two years ago. 7. we had lost. I entered. I rang him up.have been translating a text for two hours and I haven’t finished it yet. Have you been to this town before? Yes. she told. 8. 6. 5. had been having. 19. he went. We have been walking since 3 o clock. I was sorry I had hurt him. had left. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" Exercitiul 1: 1. 14. 9. he left an hour ago. 3. he had been. Has John left? Yes. he had caught. 8. 9. 10. 5. 9. Exercitiul 2: 1. 6. 8. She had just gone out. he had visited. I found out. 9. A child has broken the window. What did you look at? It was an accident. As soon as the guests had left. 4. she had already been. I went to bed. 18. she had been writing. They have been working on this house for a year and they haven’t finished it yet. It has been snowing for two hours. I had met. 7. 2. When I arrived at the bus stop. 15. 13. Exercitiul 4: 1. He hadn’t done anything before he asked for my advice. had not told. we asked. she had been studying. You will be. 2. had eaten. 9. she had not passed. 3. 3. 3. he had thought. 8. 7. they had finished. We have walked 10 km so far. 7. 6. he told. I spent a month here.

I have received. 8. I had lost. you see. I shall/will have paid off. he had left. 6. I shall/will be swimming. By the end of the month I shall/will have seen this film 5 times. 4. I shall/will have read 8. 6. Exercitiul 3: 1. 4. 9. He will be studying. they will be having their last English class. 5. I shall/will succeed. I have bought a typewriter and I shall learn to type. would end. I had read. 8. 8. he would win. 6. The train will have left before we arrive at the station. 4. 4. 6. 7. You had to type. I shall/will have been cooking. You will have seen. He will be. 8. he had just left. 4. Exercitiul 3: 1. 7. I have. 9. She will be watching. 10. 10. Exercitiul 4: 1. he would give. you spoke. would be cancelled. 2. You will not/won’t find. 7. 10. 3. 8. he . 2. was shining. I shall/will be working. 6. you were. 7. 2. I shall/will pass. we had been digging. they were talking. I had done. he had been travelling. I shall/will have saved five million lei. 6. will be crying. she looks. 4. 2. Wil1 you remember? 9. 2. 9. had already begun. she has changed. Where will you put it? LECTIA II Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Exercitiul 1: 1. you were. 8. you finish. 10. 7. 5. he would finish. 5. 3. On Friday. I would remain.You will like. 9. will have spent. By this time next year. 10. I shall/will have been working. they will have been married. arrive. We shall/will have taken. 10. Because of the strike of the bus – drivers. 8. What will you be doing tomorrow morning at 11 o’clock? I shall/will be visiting the international fair. he has repaired. I played/I was playing. Will you be needing? 5. 3. 3. 9. 9. 4. wilt be rising. 9. I had not enjoyed. he would pass. will have risen. 7. Exercitiut 2: 1. he would drive. 6. By 10 o’clock she will have finished cleaning the house. will/shall will be climbing. Exercitiul 2: 1. 10. Exercitiul 4: 1. 2. I shall/will be having. did not remember. 3. I usually read. 6. 3. Look what I have bought at an auction! It’s a very beautiful object. he wanted. prices would go up. 5. 7. 5. they would remain. 2. 3. I had heard. He will be studying in the library on Monday from one to five o’clock. you see. between twelve and one o’clock. I shall/will have finished. 5. many people will be going to work on foot tomorrow. he had stolen. begin. it will probably be raining. you would soon have. 7.

10. 8. 12. 35 of 42 LECTIA III Exercitii cu fraze conditionale Exercitiul 1: l. will you promise? 6. 4. 10. 5. 4. I will buy. they have been. they had been listening. 5. 13. I will greet 2. I have suffered. would you go? Exercitiul 3: . I read. you have drunk. I finish. 2. I want. 2. 19. it would not be raining when I arrived. 17. 2. I work/I worked. there are. 10. you have just told. I promised him I would write to him when I arrived in London. it goes on. 15. I would spend. is born. 4. you will be. she notices you have broken. 10. 3. she has learnt. I will earn/will be earning. you were. I had not decided. he had not expected. 16. 9. Father will give me a present after I have passed the exam. 16. 19. 8. He was very upset because he had lost his dictionary and he was not sure he would find a new one in the bookshops. I knew. 7. I finish. 14.tells. I have been reading. I had not eaten. Exercitiul 6: 1. is. 3. he would change. he had eaten. 6. 12. you will not pass. 6. 10. 5. he hoped. 10. 8. 14. I gave up. The thief did not realize that the police had been following him for a week. 6. 4. he trusted. I didn’t stay at home to wait for you because I didn’t know when you would come. is. Exercitiul 7: l. you will not find. we will drink. you take. Exercitiul 2: 1. you see. he would have. 8. he had to write. 9. 18. The secretary told me the manager was busy. 20. 15. I was. 9. I knew you were in Bucharest. you have read. 9. 5. 12. 2. 6. 3. he would not make. 3. he has arrived. I will tell you the truth after I have found it myself. will soon move. they had known. 11. 9. they have done. 3. I wouldn’t do. I would buy. you do. she will be. we went. I will lend. 8. 7. melts. 20. The car I will buy will be imported from Germany. Would you buy? 4. I was. 7. he had never seen. I moved. Exercitiul 5: 1. had failed. you had been wearing. he would take. 11. is. The policeman will ask me what I have seen during the accident. 13. you are reading. 7. 11. would not go. we reach. do not eat. I didn’t remember that we had met a year before. 7. 17. 5. 18. He asked me how many letters there are in the Chinese alphabet and I couldn’t answer him. he would not remember.

l. If dinner is not ready in time. He said he was going to have a nap that afternoon. 4. If a beggar asked you for money. He said John had left for Sinaia two days before. He told me to write him a letter when I got to England. I would not have made. 5. Mamaia would be an ideal place for a holiday if there weren’t so many people there. He told me to read that text. I would knit another sweater if I had more wool. he had tried. He told/asked/ordered me not to drive so fast. 5. 2. He said the weather had been fine the day before. 7. 7. 2. I will answer. I would like the play more if it were shorter. would you give him some? 3. 9. LECTIA IV Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta Exercitiul 1: 1. 4. 6. He told me to open the door. Would you have been angry if I had taken your pencil? 10. You will catch the train if you take a taxi. Exercitiul 4: l. 4. We won’t go for a walk if the rain doesn’t stop/unless the rain stops. I had known. If it rains. 4. 5. He said if he had enough money he would buy a car the next year. the streets would have been wet. I will eat at a restaurant. you had driven. 9. He said he had seen that film a week before. What would you have done if you had met John? Exercitiul 6: l. Will you be angry if I take your pencil? 8. He said he didn’t remember where he had bought that dictionary. 5. He said he thought it was going to rain the next day. he leaves. 3. Would you be angry if I took your pencil? 9. I would have answered. you had invited. 12. 3. 2. he would have told. 8. he will get. If you hadn’t shut the window I would have been cold. He said he was very busy on that day. 2. 11. It would have been. 6. 7. What would have happened if you had driven at a high speed? 4. 9. 3. 5. 2. I had not told. Exercitiul 2: 1. 7. 8. 10. you would have read. the streets will be wet. you wouldn’t have got. He said he had spent his holiday at the seaside the year before. 9. 10. 10. he had realized. 3. 2. 8. He said if he had been at home he would have answered the phone. I had worked. If it rained. the streets would be wet. He said she would go shopping right then. you will be. I will be disappointed if I don’t find out the truth. 3. Exercitiul 5: 1. I were. You will see him if you wait. You would have caught the train if you had taken a taxi. He said he had gone to England two years before. I would have answered. 10. 6. 5. What will you do if you meet John? 11. You would catch the train if you took a taxi. If it had rained. What would you do if you meet John? 12. I saw. 6. 4. He told me not to cross the street on a . 7. 8. 6.

He asked me if I would like a cake. Football is played all over the world. Exercitiul 4: 1. 2. 2. The Romanian film director was awarded the Great Prize (by the jury). We will be shown the way by the policeman. 8. The patient was prescribed some pills (by the doctor). 4. 6. Your bag has been found (by him). 7. He asked me if I had lived in London for a long time. 8. 10. 7. 8. 4. 6. He asked me where I would spend my weekend. The tourists were shown the museum (by the guide). He asked me if I could come to tea that afternoon. He asked me which of those cakes I preferred. 9. They are taught English (by me). He asked me if I could lend him a book. 7. He asked me how I had travelled. The Great Prize was awarded to the Romanian film director (by the jury). My TV set will be repaired by a specialist. My friend will be invited to a party (by me). A nice present has been given to me (by them). He told me not to smoke so much. The museum was shown to the tourists (by the guide). John has been lent two of my books (by me). 3. He asked me when the rain had stopped. 5. A new house is being built round the corner (by them). He told me to be careful with his books. 10. The work will be finished today (by them). 3. I was frightened by the noise. He asked me who that man was. He asked me why it was so dark in that room. 3. 12. Something must be done for himby his coworkers. 2. 8. 3. 4. LECTIA V Exercitii cu diateza pasiva Exercitiul 1: 1. A new supermarket was being built in that district last month. He asked me if 1 had been at the library the day before.red light. 9. He told me to take that pill. He asked me what I was going to do the next day. Exercitiul 3: 1. He asked me if I drank coffee every day. He asked me when I would be back. 9. The way will be shown to us by the policeman. He told me to ring him up when I arrived home. English is taught to them (by me). He asked me if I would help him. I will be given a reward (by . He asked me if I had bought that book the day before. He asked me if the train had left. 5. 8. Some pills were prescribed to the patient (by the doctor). 5.9. He asked me if I knew what that word meant/means. 6. 6. when I passed by. He asked me how long it took me to reach my office. 5. 7. 6. He asked me how long I had been learning . He told me not to interrupt him when he was speaking. The missing child has been found (by someone). 11. 10 He asked me if I could speak English. 10. Two of my books have been lent to John (by me).English. Exercitiul 2: 1. He asked me if my mother had been at home. I have been given a nice present (by them). 7. 4. 2.

I’m not always told the truth by my friend. 5. The meanings of the new words must be looked up in the dictionary. LECTIA VI . Has the dog been fed? 7. 13. When he arrived home he realized his wallet had been stolen. 15. 7. Was he shocked by the sight of the accident? 8. 3. America was discovered at the end of the 15th century. Nothing has been heard about him since he left for Constanta. 2. 14. The doctor was called for (by us). I was asked a difficult question by the teacher. The letter will be mailed as soon as possible. People mustn’t take away these books. People http://quintet. 8. 9. This piece of information must be treated confidentially. 10. This stamp hasn’t been well stuck on the envelope.They have built this house out of stone and cement. 6. 2. 7. 4. His proposal was objected to (by us). His bed hasn’t been slept in (by him). The children weren’t looked after properly (by them). 6. 11. The teacher will tell the pupils where to sit. The event was commented on by all the newspapers. Has the TV set been repaired? 2. Foreign languages are spoken in this hotel. Will the details be told to him? Will he be told the details? 6.them). 5. 3. We were asked to show our passports. John was laughed at (by us). The professor’s lecture was listened to by all the students. Will the letter be written in ink? 3. All the visitors of the museum admire this painting.actrus.h tml speak English all over the world. 12. We will be given detailed instructions about the paper. Haven’t you been told to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. 9. Were you frightened by the tornado? 5. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. Don’t speak until you are spoken to (by someone). 4. Do you think your request will be turned down? 10. very interesting things were told to us at the conference. Many new blocks are being built in our district. A reward will be given to me (by them). My friend recommended me a very good doctor. Exercitiul 6: l. A difficult question was asked of me by the teacher. Exercitiul 3: 1. He hates people making fun of him. The museum was closed for repairs. 10. 6. 5. Fire was set to the shed (by them). They held a reception in his honour. 8. The rescue party finally discovered the climber. We were told very interesting things at the conference. Exercitiul 4: 1. 10. 9. Detailed instructions will be given to us about the paper. Were you told about the meeting? 9. 2. The house was broken into (by burglars). His odd behaviour couldn’t be accounted for (by us). People will soon forget this book. 8. Would your work have been finished sooner if you hadn’t been interrupted by your colleagues? Exercitiul 5: 1.: 3. 9. The truth is not always told to me by my friend. 4.

You might have paid. You didn’t have to do. He needn’t have bought. 9. Could Jane type? Will Jane be able to type? 17. 2. The child will be allowed/permitted to have. She will be able to lend. 15. He will be able to swim. 3. He won’t be allowed/permitted to come. Exercitiul 3: 1. You might have changed. 8. 18. can. You shouldn’t have gone. 9. 15. I had to look up. 13. She may/might have returned. You can’t have seen. can. 5. 4. 7. You won’t be allowed/permitted to speak. He must have come home. He must have been delayed. 2. I will have to look up. 8. 7. 6. John could have been. Everybody was allowed/permitted to borrow. You must have forgotten. 12. 10. 10. You should have visited. He may have been. Could he speak? Will he be able to speak? 18. 8. 19. She could play. 10. 13. 2. He must be older. 19. 4: She must be a very good doctor. It may/might be a good one. 3. 2. 4. I will have to learn. I won t be able to translate. She could lend. He should have gone. The child was allowed/permitted to have. You can’t have been. 6. 7. It can t have been. 12. Could you help? Will you be able to help? 9. It may/might rain. 6. 3. can. 5. You won’t have to do. I will have to go. She will be able to play. It must have been. 4. 7. I may/might come home. 3. 5.Exercitii cu verbe modale Exercitiul 1: 1. You needn’t have done. You were allowed/permitted to leave. 20. 16. You might have written. 5. Exercitiul 4: l. Exercitiul 2: 1. He ought to have told. You must have known the lesson. She may/might be very late. 6. You were not allowed/permitted to smoke. You will not be allowed/permitted to smoke. 10. 9. 2. Exercitiul 6: . He must have been. I had to learn. Was I not allowed/permitted to walk? Shall I be not allowed/permitted to walk? 11. 3 It might have rained. 16. can’t. She may/might have been angry. Everybody will be allowed/permitted to borrow. 4. He was not allowed/permitted to come. He may/might have been right. A good knowledge of English may/might help you. John must have been. 17. I couldn’t translate. This must be the best. can. 6. 14. She will be able to read and write. He could swim. He must have been late. She may/might have been out. You were not allowed/permitted to speak. I had to go. Did you have to be? Will you have to be? 20. You must have left your umbrella. He may/might have done. It must have taken a long time. 8. Exercitiul 5: 1. 14. can’t. He could read and write. It can’t have been. 5. 11. He must think. You will be allowed/permitted to leave.

5. 7. 4. 4. S. 5. 10. You . can’t have left. didn’t need to wait. I didn’t need to say „thank you" when I found out the exact time by dialing number 958. 9. didn’t need to answer. I must change my shoes when I enter the house because they are full of mud. shall. we may/might take the bus or the ski-lift. 10. needn’t. No. 6. 4. 6. 3.1. 10. would. must have taken. 9. a porter could help you. 2. 6. 13. You may ring me up more often when you know I am ill. mustn’t. would. can’t have swum. 6. Exercitiul 8: l. 3. will. will. 4. Everybody shall be present at the meeting. 12. 4. 7. I didn’t need to ring up Jane in order to speak to her. needn’t. You will have to help me more today. must have left. needn’t. 6. 4. 5. would. Exercitiul 13: 1. 8. would. shall. 3. didn’t need to buy. 2. needn’t. needn’t have bought. All the students can and must write this paper. can’t have rained. Exercitiul 10: 1. needn’t have lent. Exercitiul 9: 1. 5. This can’t be a true story. 1 am sure I will be able to find time to help you. should. He can’t be at the office. must have been. 3. 2. mustn’t. 9. 6. 7. because she was to come to my place in half hour’s time. 2. will. 9. needn’t have written. should. 2. The teacher can’t/couldn’t have been satisfied with this answer. 5. shall. will. 3. today. mustn’t. You needn’t carry your luggage in the station yourself. She can’t have got. 5. I have already drunk two. I can’t knit. 2. would. 10. 14. shall. mustn’t. 3. 8. 4. will. 7. needn’t. 9. 16. 8. You needn’t have made coffee for me. All the children ought to/should do some housework. 7. 7. would. 19. should. 10. must have been. mustn’t. needn’t have lent. 6. 17. as I knew the information was recorded on tape. 10. He can’t have passed. 3. 10. 18. „Do you think he will marry that girl?" etc. Need we walk up to the chalet? 15. 2. 7. 20. needn’t have answered. 11. Exercitiul 11: 1. 8. I could play the piano when I was a child. 9. should. needn’t have waited. It can’t have been his fault. will. needn’t have got up. didn’t need to see. I will have to leave soon. 9. I ought to/should have read the bibliography for the seminar. Exercitiul 7: 1. She can’t have married. Exercitiul 12: 1. It can’t be his fault. The teacher told me I might skip the next class. 5. The weather can’t change. Sensuri posibile: „Do you think he will try to enter the faculty?". can’t have seen. She can’t have learned English. can’t have done. 8. 8. You can’t miss the train.

10. 6. 12. I promise you. 17. I hadn’t forgotten. 6. I got. 10. my telephone worked. I had entered. 4. 3. 2. 5. you owned. I wish you hadn’t had an accident. Do you wish you had been invited to John’s party? 7. You ought to/should have insisted. 8. Where shall we go now? 28. I wish I hadn’t been late for the party. we could go to the beach. 14. 21. S. watched. I stayed. 4. you didn’t waste. 2. I wish/If only it didn’t rain! If it didn’t rain. I wish you had won the competition. I wish books weren’t so expensive. I rang you up and nobody answered. I wish he wouldn’t be away for such a long time. 1 wish I had children. I wish you hadn’t been delayed at the office. I were. I wish he wouldn’t stay in hospital so long. I wish/If only you were tidier! 5. 7. 8. I would become. I wish they would sign the contract. I wish I had money to buy that painting. I wish you would take a driving licence. 23. I wish my friend weren’t ill. I wish I would spend my holiday in England. 3. Exercitiul 4: 1. 9. we went. you were. I wished you had been able to come to me yesterday. I asked to speak to the manager but he wouldn’t come to the phone. Why did you speak so loud? Somebody might have heard you. I wish it didn’t rain so often. I wish you would come on holiday with me.20. 7. 11. I were. he took. 3. he would have. I wish I would have a phone in my new flat. Will you. 9. I wish I were a student. 9. 5. Exercitiul 3: 1. 8. 6. he told. 15. 24. I wish I wouldn’t get fat when giving up smoking. I wished the weather hadn’t been bad when I was on holiday. you shall have the book tomorrow. 10. Exercitiul 2: l. 4. I wish you stopped complaining because I have my own troubles. 3. I had locked it myself 27. I wish I would able to read Goethe in the original. 9. 16. LECTIA VII Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv Exercitiul 1: 1. I wished you hadn’t got a fine. 22. You can’t have found the door open. too.can’t/couldn’t have been at home last night. 19. I wish/If only I hadn’t made so many mistakes in the test-paper! 2. you closed. I must have been still at the faculty. I wish you didn’t live so far away. I wish I didn’t have only one child. wait for a few minutes? 30. I wish you stopped that noise right away! 3.I wish I could go to the concert. hadn’t caught a cold. Exercitiul 5: l. 2. 10. I wish I had won the Great Prize. 18. 2. I wish he would accept my proposal. 25. 29. 4. his book would become. I . 4. 26. I wish I lived in Bucharest. I wish I could pay the piano. you started. stopped. 7. S. Tomorrow I will have to mail the letter. 13. You may not speak during the exam. I wished you hadn’t been out when I called. 6. his daughter didn’t get married. 8. please. 6. 7.

4. I would rather I got up/I would rather get up earlier. 6. It is important that you (should) know English well. 4. No matter how hard you may/might try. 11. 6. Whatever you may/might tell me. 2. 16. 10. He spoke to me as if nothing had happened between us. He suggested that we (should) buy this house. 13. Speak louder so that I may/might hear you. 18. I would rather I went/I would rather go to the theatre. you retired. 5. Jane wishes I would spend my weekend with her. 8. 13. I can’t believe you. Exercitiul 6: 1. It is very important that this contract (should) be signed very soon. I know you wish you would spend your holiday in a camp. 19. 5. 12. Mother decided that we (should) stay at home. 17. 3. She looks as if she were a model. I will be at home waiting for you. but I would rather you went to your grandparents in the countryside. 8. you can’t win such a competition. she should have left. you may/might . You speak as if you were angry with me. 11. 10. It is likely that my son should have passed the exam. Do you mean it is likely that we (should) spend our holiday in Brasov? 10. I suggested that we (should) elect him president. Whoever may/might have told you this about me. 9. Whenever you may/might return. Move aside so that I may/might see the screen. 3. Exercitiul 9: 1.wish/If only I were young again! 8. My friend insisted that I (should) go to the concert with him. 6. 4. It is necessary that I (should) be present at the meeting? Exercitiul 7: 1. It is possible that she might be away. 2. 7. I made a loan so that I might buy the house. I insist that you (should) accept this job. He entered the house noiselessly so that I might not hear him. It’s time you paid me back the money I lent you. The teacher suggests that we (should) read this book. 9. 2. it should get. 5. The manager proposed that 1 (should) work in another department. we (should) leave. The manager requested that everybody (should) be present at 8 o’clock. 2. 3. It was strange that she shouldn’t have read this book. It’s high time you started reading the books required for the exam in Romanian literature. She behaves to him as if he were his husband. should have told. 7. I would rather you got up earlier. 9. you shouldn’t lie to me. hadn’t broken down. 20. 8. 14. 7. 8. 4. 12. It’s 10 o’clock! Don’t you think it’s high time you got up and started working? 15. 9. you should have. Whatever the reason may/might be. 7. It is necessary that you (should) be informed about what is happening in the country. he were. 14. I would rather you went to the theatre. they (should) divorce. he were. It is impossible that he (should) return so early. 10. it might not get. you may/might be. 6. It is annoying that you should have forgotten to bring me back the book. you shouldn’t have believed it. It is impossible that he should have returned so early. 5. might prosper. 3. Exercitiul 8: 1.

The peasants were seen working in the field. Exercitiul 3: 1. 18. I think him to be a good husband. John admitted the fault to be his. They are sure to have had an argument. 5. I saw him speaking to his friend. Exercitiul 5: 1. The child was heard breaking the vase. 7. 7. She was seen lying on the beach.understand. This is the main thing for us to do. 5. 8. I expected you to come earlier. 3. 6. It is possible for the plane to be delayed. LECTIA VIII Exercitii cu constructiile verbale Exercitiul 1: 1. I ordered a taxi for her not to miss the train. 4. 5. He was expected to resign. It is necessary for you to study the matter seriously. This is a valuable piece of advice for you to take. This is a good book for you to read. The time has come for us to have a heart to heart talk. He made me miss the train. It is impossible for him to have said that. She was thought to be unable to win the contest. 4. It is recommendable for you to read this book. I had. 2. 9. 6. 5. Mother would like me to become a doctor. 19. 6. This fact is important for you to bear in mind. It is possible for me to buy a car. 9. 9. 10. 7. I have closed the window for you not to catch a cold. 12. (should) have. 8. He was heard to repeat it several times. I understand her to be a very good teacher. 3. She could be heard typing. 3. 10. 10. may attend. It is advisable for you to resign. It is important for you to come to the office at once. The boy was found breaking the window. I heard her scold/scolding her child. She made me understand what had happened. This problem is too difficult for me to solve. I had been. The plane was seen landing. It’s time for you to start learning foreign languages. 9. I supposed him to be able to drive a car. I saw some children playing in the park. She was said to be ill. 4. 8. I rely on you to lend me some money. The baby was heard crying. 15. 2. It’s time for us to meet again. 15. I watched them playing football. She happened to make three spelling mistakes in her letter. Exercitiul 2: 1. The people were impatient for the match to begin. 9. 6. 2. I would find. 2. 8. 20. She (was) proved to be a liar. 10. He was believed to be a brilliant surgeon. 2. 4. 14. 7. 4. 3. Exercitiul 4: 1. 16. 7. 17. She seemed to be satisfied with me. 6. 3. He wanted me to help him. He is expected to arrive at 2 o’clock. She was seen fainting. It is necessary for him to be present. 11. 1 knew him to be a very busy man. we should take. 5. 8. . This is a strange thing for her to have said. 13.

Daca vremea va permite. am plecat acasa linistit. ne-am grabit spre plaja. Dupa ce avionul a decolat am incetat sa fumez. 9. The hunters were heard shooting. 5. vom urca pâna la vârful muntelui. Scrisoarea fiind scrisa. am mers sa o pun la posta. Decizia fiind luata in favoarea mea. 2. ne-am asezat la cina. 7. 6. ne era teama sa nu avem inundatii. Intrucât noroiul imi stricase pantofii. Concertul fiind terminat. Intrucât soarele rasarise. Toata lumea fiind acasa. . 3. Exercitiul 6: 1. publicul a parasit sala. 4. 8. Intrucât ploaia incetase. Intrucât râul crescuse in timpul noptii. 10.She was found digging in the garden. am plecat la cumparaturi. am trebuit sa-i schimb. 10.

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