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Effects of Different Teaching Styles in Students’ Learning
Submitted to: Dr. Merlyn Lee
By: Aguda, Kimberly Marie S. Almario, Alexandra D. Babasa, Cherry Mae I. Banayos, Juan Carlo V.
March 4, 2009
Conclusion and Recommendation Summary Conclusion Recommendation Bibliography Appendix Survey Form 17 13 14 14 16 8 3 4 4 5 6 6 .2 Table of Contents Page Chapter 1 Introduction Background of the Study Statement of the Problem Significance of the Study Scope and Delimitations Materials and Methods Definition of Terms Chapter 2 Discussion Chapter 3 Summary.
Certain teaching techniques would be a great benefit to enhance a learner’s comprehension and appreciation to a particular theme or subject matter. professors and other members of the educating team. Background of the Study Biological and environmental factors affect the intelligence of a person.3 Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION A. it also acknowledges how these information are taught is correspondingly essential”. . but also on how their educators deliver the material. while the environmental factors are those surrounding a person and influence their learning“. The environmental factors and the approach on how students are being taught are influences behind students’ grasp to knowledge. The American Association for the Advancement of Science (1990) emphasizes that. Different teaching styles and strategies can affect a person’s learning and comprehension towards a certain subject. This shows that the students’ learning depends not only on their proficiency. “the biological factors are those that which occur naturally to a person influenced by the characteristics encoded to one’s genes. One example of the latter factor is by going to school and acquiring knowledge and skills which are taught by teachers. Teh (2007) states that. “although some information are emphasized what a learner should acquire. Information given by an educator could be perceived by different learners in distinct ways.
Also. What are the different approaches used by first year level nursing professors to their students? 3. what might be the most effective strategy for better comprehension as perceived by students? C. B. this might be a help to learners on how to establish a rapport to educators and the information to be easily implied. This research paper could be able to help students in the nursing course to identify what teaching strategies could be the most effective for their easy comprehension of content – based subjects. What are the effects of these strategies to the academic learning of the students? 4. And also. this could help .4 Different teaching styles and its effects on students’ learning are the prime emphasis of this research paper. The paper aims to acknowledge educators how to impart facts to learners in a way that they would easily and clearly understand. Of the different approaches. Statement of the Problem The study aims to answer the following questions: 1. What teaching styles are commonly used in teaching content-based subjects? 2. Significance of the Study This research could possibly help the following: College of Nursing students.
Future researches. There is a need for conducting more studies and researches since professors and other members of the teaching body handle different students with distinct levels of intelligence and understanding in a particular subject. but also students as well. College professors. .5 them understand certain subjects which could be a precursor for other subjects in the later years. This will be particular to the different teaching techniques of content-based subjects taught by the professors. Scope and Delimitations The study is focused on determining the different teaching strategies of first year nursing professors. its effects and which strategy is most effective to students’ learning. From this. This could serve as a reference guide for future researchers who would explore more on the same or related topic. This term paper could be a help for professors who teach content – based subjects in a way that they would know a suitable way of teaching such subject matters which could let students understand. The target population of the study is first year college students taking B. Nursing course of De La Salle University – Health Sciences Institute of the school year 2008 – 2009. researchers would be able to devise other teaching techniques that would help not only the professors. S. D. they could formulate another teaching strategy that s/he thinks a more efficient way to educate students. From this.
Hence. the type of method to be implied in this teaching strategy study will be the use of descriptive method. Instead. F. It challenges students to enhance competence. Expert teaching. Meanwhile. the sources of opinions will be attained from teachers who are highly specialized in the nursing courses as well as nursing students themselves. human resources will be used for the survey gathering only for students. content – based subjects taught by professors in the main campus will no longer be tackled and interviews to the professors about the different teaching strategies will not be done. the points of view of students regarding how the teaching strategies affect their learning will be taken into concentration. E. Materials and Methods The information which is connected to the study will be collected from different regions of reference such as books and the media. Definition of Terms Teaching.6 Due to time constraints. The researchers will prioritize the results obtained through survey and interview results. . The profession or practice of being a teacher. A form of teaching strategy that transmits information from an expert status. Then.
Personal model teaching. This also encourages independent projects. A carefully devised plan of action to achieve a goal. It also guides towards the development of capacity for independent actions. . This emphasizes personal nature of teacher – student interactions.7 Formal authority teaching. especially a way regarded as expressing a particular attitude or typifying a particular period. Strategy. Facilitative teaching. A way of doing something. Delegate teaching. This overlooks and guides students to emulate by using personal experiences as examples. or the art of developing or carrying out such a plan. Style. This is concerned with acceptable ways to do things and provide structures students need to learn. This style develops students’ capacity to function autonomously.
each with their distinct comprehension and perception of lessons and approaches. cognitive and critical thinking. educators have formulated different strategies to be able to cope with these kinds of situations. include lectures. These strategies. According to Clark (1995). laboratories and activities. and mentoring. . different educators encounter different students. a large body of research suggests that certain characteristics may be a key factor in giving good quality education to students. With this in mind. “these would stimulate the students’ interests. • The educators teaches in a fast pace but stops regularly to confirm that the students learn from the lecture. However. They start classes in a well organized manner. Many people believe that good teaching is hard to define in a general way. involving a variety of modes of instructions.8 Chapter 2 DISCUSSION What teaching styles are used in teaching content-based subjects? Everyday. According to a study about winners of the Alumni Distinguished Teaching Award at Ohio State shows the following teaching strategies to their students: • The teachers got right into business. These various strategies would help students to better understand the knowledge based on how they perceive the topic”.
They respond immediately to the questions of their students and in doing so exercises rapport. the ways in which they think learning takes place and their strengths and inclinations”.” Lowman (1996) stresses. “had spotted some differences in the teaching styles used by educators. • • • They focus on the topic itself and explain the lesson in a clear manner. • PERSONAL MODEL – this believes in teaching in the use of self as example. This also guides them towards the development of the capacity to perform independent actions. They classify them on the dimensions that represent on how teachers approach their students. They use humor to incorporate with their style of teaching. walks around the classroom and promotes eye contact for better visualization of the students about the topic.9 • They use different instructional strategies like practical interactions rather than lectures alone. . • • They praise their students to give them a sense of well-being. • FORMAL AUTHORITY – this is concerned with the suitable ways to do things and provide configurations students need to comprehend a certain topic. This also challenges students to enhance their competence. They use gestures. • FACILITATOR – this emphasizes the person nature of the teacher – student interactions. This supervises and guides students to emulate. Grasha (1996) presented five common teaching styles: • EXPERT – this kind of strategy transmits information from an expert status. “A number of writers.
The least preferred teaching style was the delegator type which gathered 2. The result of the survey is presented in the graph below: Figure 1: Teaching Styles Used in Teaching Content-based Subjects Teaching Strategies Used in Teaching Contentbased Subjects 2. 34.44% 19.83% of votes followed by the expert type of teaching style and then the personal model type.07% Delegator .10 • DELEGATOR – this develops the students’ level to function autonomously.51% 34. nursing students prefer the facilitator type of teaching style.83% 17.44% votes. This also emboldens independent schemes.15% of the students are in favor of this type of teaching style. Out of the 30 respondents. According to the survey that was conducted about the effects of these teaching strategies and teaching styles on the nursing students of De La Salle University-Health Sciences Institute.15% Expert Formal Authority Personal Model Facilitator 26. The next preferred teaching style is the formal authority type which gathered 26.
11 The survey also shows the strategies of teaching favored by students when executing the style of teaching by their professors.33% 10. 43. The graph below illustrates the results of the survey.00% . 40% of the students want their professors to use variety of instructural strategies rather than lecture alone. For example.33% of the respondents’ population is in favor of being able to laugh while having discussions in the classroom and be treated by their professors as people. Figure 2: Teaching Strategies Done to Show the Teaching Styles Teaching Strategies Done to Show Teaching Styles 6.00% 43.67% Teaches in fast pace and is focused on the topic Uses humor and provides w arm classroom environment by having attempts to relate to students as people Uses non-verbal behavior such as gestures to reinforce comments Uses a variety of instructural strategies rather than lecture alone 40. aside from the discussion held inside the classroom. On the other hand. The graph below exhibits that students prefer professors who uses humor and provides warm classroom environment by having attempts to relate to students as people. 10% of the students prefer professors who uses non-verbal gesture while the remaining 6. students want to have an exercise which is monitored by their professors to further develop their comprehension of the lesson or to have ice breakers to keep them attentive.67 like professors who teaches in fast pace and is focused on the topic.
45% of the students learn and understand the lessons taught by their professors faster. . 45.33% Learn/Understand faster Entertainment Attentive Saves time Improvement of self 3.03% 9. 38.03% of the students noted that through their professors’ teaching strategy.45% 33.33% of the students improve themselves. the result is represented on the graph above.09% Based from the conducted survey. Students were also entertained and kept attentive during class discussion through the teaching styles facilitated by their professors. While.09% 9. Other than faster absorption of the information.12 How do the teaching styles affect the students’ academic learning? Figure 3: Effects of the Teaching Strategies to Students' Academic Learning Effects of the Teaching Styles to Students' Academic Learning 45. 3. they were able to save time. The graph shows that through the different teaching styles.
the researchers wanted to determine the different teaching styles used by the professors particularly those who teach contentbased subjects and how do these teaching styles affect the students’ learning. Based from the conducted research and survey among the first year nursing students. this intelligence is further developed by nurturing factors in the process called learning. Therefore. Aside from the natural intelligence that people have ever since they were born. the facilitator type of teaching style wherein the professor uses humor during . CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION Summary This research paper tackles the different teaching strategies used by contentbased subject professors and how do these teaching styles affect the academic learning of the first year nursing students of De La Salle University – Health Sciences Institute.13 Chapter 3 SUMMARY. This paper aims to determine the different teaching styles used by the content-based subject professors. An example of these factors is by attending the school and acquiring knowledge through instructions of the professors. This research paper focuses on the first year nursing students of De La Salle – Health Science Institute of the school year 2008-2009 as their respondents and the utilization of descriptive method in collecting data and results for the study. A student’s learning is greatly affected by the way or style through which a lesson is delivered. how do these affect their students’ learning and which is the most effective of all the teaching strategies utilized.
3. students learn faster and achieve greater understanding of the lessons. With the use of the different teaching strategies. the researchers gave the following recommendations: .14 class discussions and relates to their students as people are preferred by the students because it enables them to learn and understand the lessons faster. the researchers came up with the following conclusions: 1. 2. The commonly used teaching strategy in teaching content based subjects of DLSU-HSI is the facilitator type which emphasizes the personal nature of teachers as well student interactions toward the development of capacity toward the development of independent actions. Recommendation After the study has been conducted. Students prefer interactive and fun teaching styles which also have a balance between competence and challenges. Conclusion Based on the conducted research and survey.
3. 2. 4. Future researchers can widen the scope of their respondents to get a more general result which can be applied not only to first year Nursing students but to other students who have content based subjects as well. 5. Future researchers can conduct an interview to an expert. Content based subject teachers may explore and try different teaching styles to deliver and discuss the lesson in a way that the students will improve their learning. Different activities and teaching strategies can be used to facilitate class discussion depending on what is suitable to the lesson which will be discussed.15 1. The facilitator teaching style preferred by the students is highly recommend since results show that it increases the rate and quality of the understanding of students during the discussion of topics on content based subjects. an education psychologist. to get views on student’s understanding and comprehension of the lessons as a result of the teaching style showed by teachers based on an expert’s observation in their field. . for example.
Available: http://www. D.htm Clark.uwinnipeg. Techniques or effective tertiary teaching. Available: http://www. Available: http://tlt. (2000). Available: http://unex. (2003). & Farr. Suggestions for effective university teaching. (2004). (1995).project2061. Effective learning and teaching.csse. The.monash. [online]. Available: http://www.html Regents of the University of California.org/sdrs/areas/issues/envrnmnt/drugfree/sa3effec.au/~damian/papers/HTML/TeachingTechniques. A. [online].shtml Carbone..htm North Central Regional Educational Library. [online]. Teaching strategies.uci. Conway. J. (1989). Effective teaching strategies. Penn State Teaching and Learning with Technology. [online].edu/instructor/strategies/ Pennsylvania State University. Teaching styles. UCIrvine Extension.ncrel.edu/suggestions/research/teaching_styles. [online]. [online]. Available: http://io. (2000).ht ml .htm? txtRef=&txtURIOld=%2Ftools%2Fsfaaol%2FChap13.org/publications/sfaa/online/Chap13.edu.ca/~clark/acad/teach/effteach. G. Learning Point Associates. Science for All Americans Online.psu.16 Bibliography American Association for the Advancement of Science.M.its.
Truly yours. Cavite January 26.17 Appendix Survey Form De la Salle University – Dasmariñas Dasmariñas. We are conducting a study on the “Effects of Different Teaching Strategies in Students’ Learning” as a requirement in ENGL102. a. Aguda. teaches in fast pace and is focused on the topic b. Please help us by answering the survey form below. Banayos. 2009 Dear Student. uses non-verbal behavior such as gestures to reinforce their comments d. uses humor and provides warm classroom environment by having attempts to relate to students as people c. Almario. Kimberly Marie S. Alexandra D. Babasa. uses a variety of instructional strategies rather than lecture alone . BSN 1-1 Directions: Answer the following questions.) What teaching strategy of your Nursing professor do you prefer? Please encircle 1-2 letters of your choice. Cherry Mae I. 1. Juan Carlo V. Thank you very much.
) How will these affect you? Thank you for your cooperation… . a.student interactions.) From the teaching styles listed on #2. facilitator (emphasizes personal nature of teacher . encourages independent projects) 3. delegator (develops students’ capacity to function independently. personal model (by personal example. formal authority (concerned with the acceptable ways to do things and provide structures students need to learn) c. challenges students to enhance competence) b.) Which of the following teaching styles do you prefer to be used by your professor/s? Encircle the letter of your choice. overlooks and guides students to emulate) d. what do you think will help you in your academic learning? 4. guides towards the development of capacity for independent actions) e.18 2. expert (transmits information from an expert status.
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