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Test/Your

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English Idioms

PETER WATCYN-JONES

Test/Your English Idioms

Test Your English Idioms is part of the highly successful Test Your ... series devised by Peter Watcyn-Jones. It is ideal for use in the classroom or for self-study. Special features include:

• practice in more than 750 idioms

• a wide variety of test-types including gap-filling. crosswords. multiple-choice, choosing captions and several picture exercises

• an Introduction with notes on how to use the tests, including a list of dictionaries and reference books for further study

• a complete Answer Key containing detailed and useful explanations.

Test Your English Idioms provides tests for a wide variety of idioms in current use. It shows students how to use these idioms in exactly

the right context so that they can express themselves with more subtlety and variety. Test Your English Idioms contains 50 tests.

Cover photograph © Photonica/SOA

@ PENGUIN

ISBN 0-14-080987-2

Published and distributed by Pearson Education Limited

90901

9 780140 809879

PearsonEducation Lhriited EdintJurgh Haw, Hlll\c)W' Ess~~GM20 2JE, EnglaI\d

and Associ"lted Companies throughoutthe world.

First published by Penguin Books 1990 This edition published 2000 Second iinyresBion 2000

Copyright·© Peter Watcyn·Jones·Hl90

. All rights reserved

Filmset in century Schoolbook.

Ptintedjil·Eng1and py Glay~ Ltd,St Ives plc

ExceI'tinthe. United States of America, this hook. is. soldsubject to-the condition that it shull not, by way of trade. or otherwise, k lent, re-sold, hired. out, or otherwise circulated without the publisher'a prior consent in any form ofbinding or cover other than that-in

w l;llch it is pubIijlhed 'and with01,lt a ~imi]a,r condition inc]udin!l this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser

Published' by Pearson Edutatipn Limited' in association with Penguin Books Ltd., both companies being. subsidiaries of Pearson Plc

CONTENTS

In trod uction To the student

Test 1 Definitions 1

2 Choose the idiom 1, 3 Idioms with "at"

4 What are they saying? 1 5 Complete the crossword 1 6 Complete the sentences 1 7 Idioms of comparison 1

8 Choose the verb

9 Newspaper headlines 1 10 True or false? 1

11 Definitions. 2

12 Choose the idiom 2 13 Idioms with "in"

14 Ha ve you heard the one about . , . ? 15 Rewrite the.sentences 1

16 Complete the crossword 2

17 Oomplete the sentences 2

18 Explain the meaning

19 What are they saying? 2 20 Choose theanimal

21 True or false? 2

22 Definitions 3

23 Choose the idiom 3 24 Idioms with "on"

25 Idioms of comparison 2 26 Sort out the idioms,

27 Complete the crossword 3 28 Choose th!;l. part of the body 29 Complete the proverbs 1 30 Definitions 4

31 Choose the idiom 4

82 What-are they saying? 3

33 Idioms With"by",~for", "off" and "out of" 34 Complete the proverbs 2

35 true or raise? 3

36 Rewrite the sentences 2 37 Complete the-crossword 4 38 Choose the adjective

39 'Find someone ...

c A6' 40 Paired idioms

CA'€' 41 Definiti.ons5 42Preposit~on~ -and particles 43 Choose the colour

44 Newspaper headlines 2 45 Ward association

46 Choose the idiom 5 Answers

iv iv

1

2 4 6 .\)

10 11 13 11 16 17 18 2\). 22 24 26 28 .~\}

30 32 34 ;35 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 49 ,5Q 52 54 56 57 58 60 62 ~4 68 7(} 71 72 74 76 77 79

INTRODUCTIoN

n;ST YOUR ENGLISH IDIOMS is a welcome addition to the Test Your Vocabulary series and is intended for intermediate/advanced students. Al4lgether, the book contains more than 750 idioms in current use and, as the title suggests, the emphasis is on testing rather than teaching. Subsequently, the book can be a useful complement to a wide varie~y of reference books and dictionaries on idioms.

In keeping with the Test Your Vocabulary series, there is a wide variety of tests, ranging from multiple-choice exercises, crosswords, exercises where you have to match up an idiom with a suitable definition, completing sentences, rewriting sentences; to picture tests, where you have to choose an appropriate caption for each drawing. In addition, there are tests on idioms of comparison ("as brown as a berry"), proverbs and idioms to do with colours, parts of the body, animals, and so on.

TEST YOUR ENGLISH IDIOMS can be used in class with a teacher or. for self-study. To facilitate the latter, a key is included Which not only gives the correctanswers but also gives detailed explanations when necessary. Students using this book should find the learning of idiomsboth stimulating and enjoyable and, hopefully, start to developa real sensitivity to the language.

In choosing the idioms for this book I have naturally consulted a numberof dictionaries and reference books. The following can be warmly recommended:

Longman Dictionary of English Idioms (Longman) Dictionary of English Idioms Michael J. Wallace (COllins) Working with Englis,h. Idioms David Peaty (Nelson)

English Idioms and How to Use Them Jennifer Seidl & W. McMordie (Oxford University Press)

A Learner'S Dictionary Of English Idioms Isabel McCaig & Marlin H. Manser

(Guord, Univergity Press) . .

Oxford Dictionary Of Current Idiomatic English, VolunU? 2: Phrase, Clause & Sentence Idioms A. P. Cowie, R. Mackin &. i.a..McCaig (Oxford University Press)

TO THE STUDENT

This book will help you to learn a lot of new English words. But in order for the new words to became "fixed" in your mind, you need to test yourself again and again. Here is one method you. can Use to help you learn the words,

1. Read through the instructions carefully for the test you are going to try.

Then try the test, writing your answers in pencil.

·2. When you havefmished, check your answers and-correct any mistakes you have made. Read through Ihe test again, paying special attention to the words you didn't know or got wrong.

3. Try the test again five minutes later. You can do this either by covering up the words (for example, in the picture tests) or by .asking a friend to test You. Repeat this until YQ~ can remember all the' words. .

4. Rub out your answers.

5. Try the test again the following day. (You should remember most of the

words.) . .

6. Finally, plan to try the test at ~eastt~ce !~ain w~thU.l the .following month.

After thi.'! most of· the words will be fixed In your mind,

Definitions 1

Match up the definitions on the/eft (1-16) with the correct idiom on the right (a-p).

1 clever, intelligent '/ a all-thumbs
2 inquisitive, curious .. ~ b ,beqridden
r""
3 rich, wealthy c higheaded
4 cruel d black and blue all over
5 stupid, unintelligent ,/'l. e brainy
6 young, inexperienced p f cheeky :Ie
.~I
7 old (of a.person) g hair-raising
8 very clumsy, awkward or:;,... b heartless
9 impudent ix keyed lJP
10 stubborn \"/\ j long in the tooth
"~I
11 too weak to leave one's bed ','-, k
I, nosy
12 terrifying I ofT colour
13 conceited, vain, boastful /j' m pigheaded
I, __,.'
,9
14 tense, excited } n thick
15 .ill, not well Q well off
16 covered with bruises p wet behind the ears , "

,':;.

Choose the idiom 1

Choose the word or phrase Which best completes 'each sentence.

1 I really must go and lie down fora while; I've got a " , headache.

a cutting

b splitting

e ringing

d cracking

2 Stop ,., r- about tj::l.e busb, Jame.s! Just tell me eX'aet~y what t,4e

problem is.

a rushing

b hiding

cheating

d moving

3 .I usually huy my clothes n It's cheapertha,l'l going to a.

dressmaker,

a off the peg

bon the house

c in.public

d On the shelf

4 ·I)avid's leaoving on Friday, I suggest we all " , and get him a goil'lg-

away present. £1 eachshould do.

a dish out

bchip in

c pass the huck

dpay on the nail

$ The sky got very dark and soon it-began to •. , ,. clown,

a roar 'b bath c bucket d pouring

(; My father ....... , ..... , ...... when he found out that I'd damaged the car;

a hit the roof bsawpink elephant/>

d broughtthe house I:IQwn

.. (: mademy'blood boil

7 If you want.a fiat in the centre of the.city you have to pay through the

.................... for it. .

a teeth

b back ofyour head

c nose

d arm

,8 I 'caught the last bus by the skin of my .

a mouth

b leg-

c neck

d teeth

9 Because the owner wanted a quick sale, the house went for .. , , - only

£30.,0.0.0,

a loose-change

b asong,

c a loaf'of'bread

d a 'smile

10 You didn't thrnk I Was being serious, did you, Brian! It was a jokel I'was

pulling-your .. , , ,.,thafsall!

a thumb

b hair

~ toe.

d leg

11 The accident was causedby a taxi driver , .. the traffic lights.

a' rushing

b :missing

c jumpil'lg

d heating

··,'.1

12 Lend me £20, please, John, I'm """'" " ,,',,'" , at the moment.

a h1'oke

b clown the drain

cstuckup

d a hit. thick

13 She would do anything for her youn'gest son, He was the ..... , ..... "." ... of her eye.

a plum

b centre

c star

dapple

14 I always get .. ,,,.,,,,., .... c., in·my stomach before visiting the dentist.

a worms

b butterflies

c crabs

d hedgehogs

15 Thosesecon!1-hand Walklll~s areselling like "", ...... ,........ . If you want one t yqu'd better buy one now before they're all gone;

a shooting stars

b fresh bread

c hotcakes

'd wild oats

,.'1 .

ldioms with "at"

Fill in the missing words in the sentences below~ Choose ttom the following:

at I:j.. Ioose end. at a loss

at a pinch

at a standstill at all costs

a.t allhours at best

at.death's door il.tfaUlt

at first sight at least

at loggerheads at. most

at once

at one's wits' end'" at random

at short notice

at sixes and sevens at the crack of'dawn at will

(* changs.as appropriate)

1 We must ,., caH:hthe 7.30 train. Othenvi$e we wo(1'tgettothe

meeting in time.

2 It is difficult to know wlro's ·.co •.• inthematter.Perhaps.we~re all to

blame.

3 It's late. I think you'd better go to bed now; darling.Rememben.you've got

to get up tomorrow.

4 SinceiJ'!I hi&'nr&tofi"encehe'll probably get offwith a wamirtg- .. m ".a

small fine. .

5 If'you're ;; ; this weekend, Joan, why not come overfor a rneal?lt'll

give us a chance to catch up on some gossip.

() I maY be getting on a.bit, but.I'mcertainly-not ;; yet! r hcpeto live

for at least another ten t9 fifteen years! . .

7 When her daughter didn't come home on the Iast.bua wittt tlJ.e other girls,

Mrs Jenkins was ; ; - she was terrified that something dreadful had

happened to her.

S Like you, I'm .. , ".,to explain the, sudden fall inshare.prices.Pve

absolutely no idea what can have caused it.

S When Richard Burton saw Elizabeth Taylor it was a classic case ofloVe·

10 Traffic Was this morning because of an accident on the A21.

U I'm afraid everything's ; this week. Both the secretaries are illand

no one knows where anything is.

12 The hotel wasn't th~t modern.but , it was cheap and reiason~bly

clean.

13 I've got.room in the car for three - foul' ;

14 Mrs Smith's daughter isterrible, isn't she? Out , and never a kind

word to anyone.

>

,. ,:_

15 Y01,l should be able tosell your stereo equipment for $200 - .. , £250.

16 lfyou don't get out then I shall have you thrown out.

17 Pamela and David are always; , 1 really can't imagine why thElY

got married inthe first place. They've got absolutely nothing in eommon.

i8 .A chameleon is a remarkable creature~ it is able to change the colour of its

skin ; .

19 You can't expect me to work overtime , .. " , sueh , ! Lneed to

be told at least two dp.ys in advance,

20 Lwasin a hurryfor my'train, so I chose a hook , .

. ,.:

What are they saying? 1

Look at the drawings below aM tty to work out whatthe people 'are saYing. Mark the appropriilte letter (a-I) in each ofthespeech bu/)bles. cnooee from f/Je fMoWing:'

aUl'vel:l'ot a splitting headache again, Arthur."

b "WeU, it looks-as though the rain has set in fot the night:" c"Isn't there any bthetway for you to make a living?" dUI must have c:1uglJ,tacpld 90 the way,"

e "He's a bita'bsent-minded sometimes:"

f "Not-too loud! She's all ears, rou Know."

g "Jack~s always bad green fingers."

h "Everyone has an ofI.9.I~,y now and then!"

"Give mea hand, would you?"

j "Ytluire down in the,dumpl;lagajn, aren't you, Al~rt? I can tell, YOl11Qlow." k "tie's mIl of beans, isn't he?"

I "You lost your tongue or something? Forthe last time-- where to?"

., .,'

'~I Complete the crossword 1

", < ,._ CompliJt8 tf1fJ following cmssword.

ACROSS

1 You'dbetter keep, away from Mr Hollis. He's got a ,., to pick with

you.

2 I won't be long; Tm just to the 100.

6 Can I give you anngnext week, John? 1 cap't talk. now, fm afraid.I'in a bit

..... , ... ,,' ..... , ... for time.

9 Charles will never get married. He's a confirmed .. , .

It) What does thil;lsa.y? l can't make head nor of it,

13 Oh.what is the word? I know it! It'B on the tipof my .

14 Her husband's snoring began to get on her, , , .

15 We were in a hurry, So I tried to the waiter's eye in order to pay

the bill.

18 POOl' dog! It can1 he getting enough to eat, Look at h! It'B aU , and

bones!

19 According to my family my gteat-great,,.grandUlther came from

Finland.

DOWN

1 It was.no accident, He killed her in cold .

a I hate goingto bed early. I've. always been a bit of a , ow 1.

4 SpeakuplTmal;iith;ardof ; .

5 To most people,a Rolls-Royce isstill something of a c ........ , ... ,.symbol.

7 Jenny's'VEiry: itritabletoday. She's like a ; with a sore head.

8 She passed theexam with " 0010ur8.

1l The pupils foundit hard ~o keep a " face when their teacher slipped

on a banana skin.

12 I'll have a beer. No, on ..... , ... , thoughts, make that ashandy,

16 All rightl Atlright! Reep YQ:Ul' ., , on! The~e'sno need to lose your

temper.

17 Yoirshouldn't fun of the WliY he speaks English. He's only been

learning it for two years.

"'1 Complete the sentences 1

Complete sentences 1-15 by ehaosing an ending from a --' o.

1 She was feeling down in the mouth because ... 2 He was hard up this month because he ...

:3 We decided to get 'a move on because we ; ..

4 After spending the whole day walking around tp.e shops in London. we , ' .

5 She was.Iatefor work thismorning because she .

6 Thesecretafy asked me to hold the line.while she .

7 It was a secret, so L ..

8 Now that.he'sout.of wesk he ...

9 He can'tread a note of music - he v- •

10 I was feeling a bit under the weather so I ...

11 As we had over two hoUrs to wait for our tl'aiu,we .; . 12 I can't say I recognise her but ...

1$ The reom.waa'so quiet that YQU .•.

14 Don't expect Paul to remember anything. lIe's ... 15 IfYQu play your cards. right you ...

a promised to keep it under my hat.

b her nams rings a, ~U. .'

c got a memory like a sieve.

d decided not to go to work.

e plays everything by ear.

f she and her boyfriend had just broken up,

g didn't want t:omiss the last bus.

h could end up being manager by the timeyo\i're thirty.

i could hear a pin drop.

J had a lot ofbills 10 pay.

k .. - finds it hard to make ends meet,

I got caught ina ttaffic-j;Hn.

m decided to kill tittle by going into a pub for a drink .

. D •.• were dead beat.

o . _, put me. through to the manager,

Write your answera here:

>

Idioms of comparison 1

Choose the word or phrase which best completes each sentence.

1 'Wh.er~ is everyone? It's as silent aa in here!

a Sunday

b the grave

c death

d a:tomb

2 Jimmy's feeling a bit under the weather mday, but I expect l1e'll be as right

88 by the weekend.

a an athlete

b sunshine

c· rain

d reses

3 I'll never eat and drink as much as that-again! I was as sick as a , : .

on the way home! .

a dog

b horse

c pig

d poodle

4 Ask David to give you a hand moving the furniture. He'sas.atrongaa

a. an elephant

b amountain

c a gorilla

d ahorse

5 You're not getting eno-ugh to eat! Karen! Look at :you! You're as.thin as a

.'; .

a stick insect

brake

c finger

d wire

6 We can't eatthis meat - it:'s as tough as !

a canvas

b old boots

c rubber

d stale bread

7 You shouldn't have frightened her like that. Poor thing! She went as white as

................... !

a a sheet

b snow

c milk

d whitewash

8 Nothing ever seems to bother Colin. No matter whathappens, he always

seems to remain as cool as .

a cold feet.

b ice-cream

e a cucumber

dan Eskimo

9 You'll have to shout, I'm afraid. My father's as deafas ,." .

a aleaf

b a post

c a politician

d a stone

ro It's hard to believe Brian and Stephenare brothers, isn't it? They're as

different as .. , .

a Mars from Jupiter b milk from honey

d margarine from butter

c chalk from cheese

11 A1though we had been told that the film WaS very exciting, both my wife and

I feund it to be as dull as .

12 Honestly, Pam, ever since I've given up smoking I feel as fit as ,. , ', .1

a a fighter

bafiddle

caftog

d an-athlete

13 Our dog looks very ferocious, .. but don't.worry, Liz, Fide's asgentIe as

.......... " -esp~ially with children. .'

a appp.y

b snowflakes

c alamb

d w'ashing-up liqllid

14 "I hope the children didn't play you up, Doreen?"

"No, not at all, Mrs :Gardener. They>'ve been as good as "

a religion

b gold

c God

d brass

15. "'The suitcase isn1t too-heavy, is it?"

"No] it's as light as , , .. "

a dust

b lightIiing

16 I Wish the newsecretary would cheer up! She~s·been as rnrserableas

...... " forthepast week!

a,amonk

b death

ca bap.ker

dsin

17 "By the way; have you heard the one about the WelahIIlan,the Irishman and the.pig?'

"Yes, we have. That joke's as old as , "

a Solomon

b the.hills

c a dinesaur

d Jl1.pi1;¢r

IfJ Of course he loves yeu] It's as plain as ; .

a apancake d abell

b the knob on your door

c the nose on: your face

19 J{athy was as pleased as , , wrren she.heardshe had passed the

exam,

a punch

b a poppy

c a sunflower

d pound notes

20 Fhope-thecemputer coursestarts this term. We'teall as keen as , ,..

to get going.

a coffee

c agigolo

d cornflakes

>

Choose the verb

Fifl in the missing verbs. Choose from the fol/owing, using each verb once only:

bear chaP€1e faB lose set
beg do foot. pay tell
break draw hold play throw
call drive keep put use
catch drop lay resist waste
chair earn lead run work 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

10 11 12 13 14 15' 16 17 18 19 2()

21 22 23 24 25 26- 27 28 29 30

to a hardbargain

to one's breath

to a business

to , someone to death

to .. ,., , .. force

to a grudge

to a habit

to a living

to heart

to , , , .. a hint

to , " a lie

to a busy life

to in love

to , one's mind

to , a miracle

to 'someone names

to s a meeting

to someone's pardon

to , a party

to e the bill

to , time in prison

to , .. , a secret

to ,. sight of someone

to " the line at something

to ; fire to something

to " , .. the table

to ., " temptation

to r time

to, ' truant

to , , .. a visit

': : .,.~,:. ,- .

.' .. ,'

Newspaper headlines 1

Fill in the missing words in the following newspaper headlines. Choose from the following. (The words in brackets under each headline shQUld help you.)

It FLASHINTI{E PAN ALL THE RAGE BLACKOUT

CAUGHT IN THE ACT COME INTO FORCE . FOR THE mGB JUMP

FI~OSTY

GET THE CHOP GETS COLD FEET GETS OUT OF HAND IDGHA.NDLOW

MAKE A COME;BACK MAKE A FLYING VISIT NECK AND NECK ONTHEIJOLE

WORK TO RULE

POLICE CD

SEARCH

FOR MISSING SCHOOLCHILDREN

(everywhere)

@) GOVERNMENT

ON NEW NUCLEAR POWER STATION PROJECT

(becomes afraid)

(be dismissed) FINISH IN GRAND NATIONAL

1,OOOOVIL SERVANTS

(to lose their jobs)

FOREIGN@ SECRETARY TO

tV TRANSPORT WORKERS THREATEN TO

(work the minimum DuJIIher

® MORE THAN 2 MILLION WORKERS

(out of work)

® EXCITING

(side by side)

CAUSES LUNCHTIME CHAOS

(electricity failure)

WELCOME FOR PRIME MINISTER

(unfriendly).

RUSSIAN Spy

(found spying)

® NEW VIDEO PHONES JUST

(a passing novel ty)

@ PEACEFUL ...

DEMONSTRA..TION

(gets out of control)

TO THE MIDDLE EAST

.. . @)

AMERICAN

PRESIDENT TO

(make a quick trip)

LEATHER EARRINGS

(very fashionable)

FAMOUS

. POP STAR OF THE 70s TO

(try to be popular again)

NEW @J IMMIGRATION LAWS

ON JULY 1ST

(become law)

1'--:

,,:,._

,.,

True or false? 1

SaywhetfJer the Idi(,Jms in the follow/ng s,en(ences are I)sed cQff1JCt/y (true) or incorrectly (false).

1 If.someone is green" he or she-isnet; very e~peden¢ed. 2 IfYQu want to get browned off, you have to lie 'in. the sQilaU day.

3 I'll nflly buy-the dog ifit's housJ!Araine;d"

4 If YOu are feeling pecki~h, you feel like something, to eat.

5 Hewas avery good pianist. lIe was so light"fingered.

6 You would probably be very fiattered if someone called y,ou stuck up.

7 I couldn't go tow-ark this morning. I was/aid up.

S 1)1). sure someone is-talking about me- lean fee' my earsbuming,

9 To bear frllittn'eans to have a lot of children.

10 My cousin hi,eked the bucket last week. He leaves a widow and thr_ee Young children.

11 I've stopped going to01y German. Classes. I've dropped

ott. '

12 Heis very rich. He has ten servants a;r:ui lives with his wife and two children in an ivory tower.

13 He's not being serious. He's speaking with hiStMgite in hij; dwek.

14 Cowards-don't 1J_suaUys.tick thek necks out ..

15 If y'ou can't afford the train fare or the, bus f-are, you can always try: to thumb a li[t,

16 You wculd.probably-be.very pleased ifso~eopetook

youlor a ride. .

TR,UE [ ]

[

FALSE. [ ]

I ]

I

[ [

J

>

i"'J,,(l .~

11r Dennitions 2

" "I;

Match up the definitions on the le,ft (t-16) with the.correct idiomorl the tight (Q":'p) ,

1 the death penalty

2 a -drink (alcoholicl taken before one goes to bed 3 ashortsleep in achair (not ill, a bed)

4 a success that only lasts a short time

,5 someone whois blamed for other people's mistakes

6sorneob:e who is very conceited

7 someone who attends aparty without being invited'

8 a difficulty - oftenhidden orunexpected 9 a heavy shower of rain

10 someone who offers to work.when the regular

workers are on s,trik,e

11 unnecessary bureaucracy

12 a.sudden.nlever thought or idea

13 something which i1l unexpected but which is very much needed and appreciated

14 a search for something-whreh has no hope of being successful

15 something very unpleasant, to 10()kat (e.g, a building)

16 a place in a.road where accidenta oftenhappen

a a bighead ba black-spot c a blackleg d a brainwave

e capital punishment

f a catnap g a godsend

h -a downpour j an eyesore,

j a flashin the pan,

k a gatecrasher 1 a: nightcap

m red tape

n a scapegoat

p a \V,ild goose chase

Choose the idiom

.

G.hQose tne word ot Phrase .which best completes ea¢h senteflce.

I I haven't had an accident yet but. I've had a numberof ...............•.... shaves.

u narrow

b near

c close

d tiny

·2 ¥y fatherrefusedto eat meat that had been fried. He had , .. in his

bonnet about it causingeancer.

a abug

b abee

c abull

d all, ant

3 Youreallydropped .. " the other day when you told Brian yb.u'd seen

his wife at the cinema. He tho-ught.she'was at her mother's.

a a hriek

:EJ astone

daplank

4 Loan't stand Mr Bryant. He's. always blowing his own , , -tellin~

everyonehow good heisat everything.

a balloon

b hre.ath

cmind

5 The escaped prisoner-fought' ' before he was finally overpowered.

a head over heels d foot and mouth

b tooth and nail

e heart and soul

6 I didn't suspect anythjng s,tfi,rst, but when I noticed her .going through the

office drawers Jbegan to-smell , .

a arat

b apig

.d aculprit

7 Jane looked' ., at the shop assistant who had been rude to her.

a arrows bneedlesc poison d daggers

8 Peter was bOI11 and brought up in Hasting» and knows it Iike the

....... .: .

a nose on hisface b tip of,his tongue

d hail:' on his head

o back of his hand

9 I bought a computer last year, but I've had nothing but trouble with it. Asfar

as I'm concerned it was £800 down the .

a 109

bsink

e. drain

d plughole

10 John will never buy you a drink - he's far too .

a trght-flsted

bpigheaded

C highly-strung

11 I've heard that argument before and quite fralJ.kly itjl.1st doesn't , .1

a face the mueie

b hit the nail On the.head

c carry weight

p

12 I waS already fed up with the job, hut when the boss walked into my office.

and told melle expected We. to work overtime-that waj3 the < , , I quit.

a final ~urtaill

b last straw

c end oftheline

d lastwaltz

13 He has a quick temper and easily offthe handle.

a leaps

b gaes

cn.rns

dflies

14 I don't like turning down work, but I'll have to, I'm.afraid. I've got far too

much ' , .. at the moment.

a up my sleeve

b on my plate

C on my mind

d in effect

15 And that , Brian, is why I can't IilaJ:TY you!

a 'in a flash h on the dot C offthe-cuff d in: a nutshell

. . ,~,

~'.. .~

';-'.'''-.' ...

Idioms with "in"

Filii" the missinb wQfdsin the sentences befow. Choose from the fol/oWing:

in Brut in cash

in charge. of in common in due-course in favour of

in one ear and trutthe other

in season in short in stoPk

in sueceesion in the dark

in the: limelight in the long run

in the' nick of time in the red

in theQry

in tune

in turns

in vain

1 I can't think why they ever got married, They have absolutely nothing

2 Theinexperiencedteachertried ,.,. to cQJ)troltbe unruly class, In

tliee:hdahe had to call for theheadma:8ter.

3 "Twotin,s·ofbaked beans, please."

"'I'm afraid we baven'tgot.ang., at the-moment, But we shQuldbe

getting!lorile more on Thursday."

4 Last year Was the third. year that they had come top of the

football league,

5 The stafft:Pok it ., , to make a'O;emoon coffee ..

6 No one's been kMwhat's going to happen atthe conference yet. We're. aU

being kept for some reason.

7 We got tQ the station , ; A second later and we'd have missed our

connection.

S It mustbe difficult being famous: J ust imagine being ,.,. all the

tilllei never being able to go out without being recognised.

9 This is Mrs Bfightwell. She's , , .. marketing.

10 Although I've been tr)_ring hard to payba~~ my bank loan, I'rnstil] .... ; ....... (., .. " . In fact, I'vegot to go and see my' bank manager about it tomorrow.

11 Strawberries costa.lotatthe; moment because they ire not " .

12 Thank you for attending the.intsrviaw, Mr Blake. You'll be hearing from us .............. ; .... - probably-at the end of next week,

13A,lthough I likE! teaching I smnetimesfeel that.I'm ........ " ... , ... , .. Lseem tobe .do.ing the sam~ thing 1.'\.11 the tiIne- thej~b is no. longer challe~ging enough.

14 Are you sure-your piano's , , .. ? It sounds' terrible tome.

15 My Frank is tall, dark,hand~m:e, has ;;lmarvellousjob and is incredibly

rich ; he's the perfect husband!

UJlIand.~ uP all those <;8;pital punishment. 'J:'hal')k YoU. Now hands

_._-~'1 LL ! L

17 Itcpats £150 ifyiiu pay by creditca::rd or £120 uY01J. pay .", ,., .. ,

18 Thelaw may be unpopular now, but hn sure people will soon see how good

it isforthe country and themselves .

l~ It's t).O use talking to Jane. She never listens, It's a case of .

20 His ideas sounded. wonderful , .. , '" but they neve.I" seemed to work out

in practice,

~\~'- .

. ~.. . .

1
2
.. 3
..
. 5
6
7 Have you heard the one

about ?

,. " '. ~.-.. ,,'

Complete the folloWiflg/okes with a suitable Idiom chosen from the box. (Make any chal1gesthat may be necessary.)

a vieioue circle

bring the house down down in the mouth

fall head dver heels in love get award in edgeways

give (someone) a good hiding give, (someone) a ring

have a leg to stand on

in (someene's) shoes

Ia ugh (ane?e) head off pull (oneself) together pull a few strings

]lut (ananimallto sleep sleep Iikea log

stand in. (someone'e) way strU~e while the iron is hot te:!l (someone) off

the shortlist

I once knew two acrobats who -: , ..

When Albert auditioned for the part of one of the. seven dwarlsin the.West End musical "Snow White and the.Seven Dwarfs", the director told him he

had.been put .on , .

"I just don't know what to do; What would you do ifyou were ?"

"Polish them:"

When my friend's dog wasfaeed with-four trees he didn't .

"What goeS 'ha, ha, hee, hee, blonk'?"

"Someone · Y'

The next l;I.ct is a famous puppeteer who brokej,nto show business by

We close the show tonight, ladies and gentlemen, with Samson the. strongest

man in the world - who is .sure to , , .

8 "Doctor! Doetorl I keep thinking I'm a pair ofcmtains.~

"Well, , J".

9 Customer: W aiterlThis boiled egg is qag!

Waiter: (looking at the egg).&1 it is. Shall I pick it up and , and tell it not to he bad again?

10 Small 1)oy: Plea-se miss, would you be. angry and ., for something

I didn't do'?

Teacher: No, of course not.

Sm(J.U boy: Oh good! Then 1 can tell you that I haven't done my homework.

11 Mother: Why have you dragged your bed (jut into the woodshed?

Samantha: Because 1 want to , . .,. .

12 One woman I know hasn't spokento her husband for ten yeats - she can't

:0 •••• --.-_, ,.~ ~.; •

13 Man: Where'syoutdog?

Friend: I had to .

Mail: Was it mad?

Friend: Well, it wasn't exac;tly pleased,

14 Ye~terda:y, five hundred men walked out ofa steel mill while itwfl,sstill in

operation, A 11 nion spokesman said they had to , .

15 "Doctor! Doctor! I feel like a belL~

~Well, take these and if they don't work, .. "," , "

16 "Why isa dentistalwaysunhappy?"

"Because.he looks ."

17 'Twa: When I grow up I'm.going to driv.e a tank.

Dati: Well, I certainly won't " .

18 ''What's round arid bad-tempered?"

,',

,,-.

,",_ ~ ~

15L Rewrite the sentences 1

-;; ,", ':';T."t-

For ca.ch of the sentfmces {Jelow wtite« new sentence with a sjmiliir mea.ning. Substitute the words in ita/its with the word in (SAP/TAL LETTERS ptU$ one of the verbs in the box. (You may need to use some of them more than once.]

get

go

keep

make

put

take

J

Example: I don't know which dress to buy. Lcan't decide . . MIND

I don'tknowwhich dress to buy. I can't make up my mind.

1 She was so beautifulthat I couIdh't$tap looking ather.

EYES

• ~ •••••••••••••••• "', •• ~· ••• o •• '.'~:~' ...... _ ••••••••••••• ~ •• : •• ,-, •••••• , -i ••••.• ,',. ". ,-- ••••••••• ~ •••.••••••• '~ .• ',' ,_", ',"'~ ", •• '.' '.' ~ ••• _~ •• i'.',! ••••••

2 Winning that prize h~smade hisn. v~ry conceited, HEAD

••••••••••.••••••• _ •••• ". " ••••••• : •.•••• , ~. ,._;_. to' ", •• i •• ,: ~ ••••• - •..•.••••• _ •• '.i •• i-. ,':.- ~_ ••••• ' .•• ~ .••• ~ ••••• , •••.• .;. '" • ~ • .-'- ••.•.•.••. " ••• ~

3, When he was. a child he loved disrnq;n#i1tg things- to see how they worked.

PIECES

•••• ~ ••••••• ~ ••.•• r~ ••••.• +,"'~.'~" ., •••••• ~ .. ~ ••• ~ ~. r~' •.•••••••• _ •••. ! •••••••••••. _.,.~ •• ~.,' I,. ~ ••.• ~ ••• ~"'.". ~.~ ._. "'~.'.' .,., ••••••• ~.

4 I do wish-you'd stop biting your nails, Brian! It really annoys me.

NERVES .

••• , .•••• '_'" •.•••• _., ••• _~ .~ ..• ~ •• ~ ••.••..• ~ .• ~ '; •..• ~ ~~ .; ••.••.••••. , ~' ••• ~," •.•••• ~~ ~.~ ~ , ••••• :~~. ,,~ •••••• 'i' ••.•• - •••••••••.• ~

5 EngHsh people in general don't like €ol1tplaining.inpublic.

FUSS

~ •••• , ••• ! ••••••• , ~~~ ••••••••••• "" •.•• , ••••••• ':'" ~- , ~ •••• -_ .. ~ •••• - •• :h ••• - •••• ~ ••• ; •.••• ~ •••••••••• c ••••••• ...: •.• t .• ; •• ~ ••• ~ j •••••

6 Could you Euo,rdm,y handbag for me While I go to tbe toilet?

EYE

"' ••.• ·.4.; •• 4.· •.•• '. ~ .'. , .•••••...••••••.••••.•••.••• ~ •• ~ •• '~ •• , ••• ' •••••• ~ ••• " ••••••••••.•.• .;.~.~ ••••••••.•••• '.!,~"" ., ••.•.• ~.4 •••.• ~' •••• ' ...... '

7 She'snpt re"ally upset; she's only pretending.

ACT

•••••• ~.~ •• ~- ..• ~. ,,~ •.•.. , •• .'.~ !:.'.~'~"".' .~ .• -~ ..•• ~ •••• , .• ',~,"" .-~ ••.••.•.••.• , •• -.,~' ••••.•• ' .•• ;.~ ." .-. ' .•• ~ ! 0:,' , ••••• ~ •• ~ •••• ; ; •• '.

8 'we're moving to Bristol next Week but we promise to stay incontaet with Jf)~, TOUCH

......... ~ , ~ ~." ',' , : ~ .. , ~'.,~.~. ~, , ,.,. '-~ ~~" .; ~ ; ".~.~,., ' .

9 You made an embarrassing mistake when you asked him where his Wife w&s· Didn't you realise she WR$ dead?

FOO'1'

~ •••••••••••••••••••••••••• ~ •••••••••••••••••••••••• , •••••• r •• ~ •••••• 4,." •••• 4 4 •••••••••••• ~. , ••••••••••• 4 •••••••• ·,·······

10 I hate the Winter - it really depresses The.

DOWN

,~.~ ~""~"".'.~.""""""""~'4"""~'.'.""""~'~.""""' •• '.' ....... + •• ~.~,~ ••••••• " ~. r •• '!,,~~ •• ' 4 •••• ~ '4 ....... ~ •••

11 It wa:s hard not to start laughing when she started to sing.

F'1\CE

.~ •••..• " ••••• : •••••• '., ~ .,." ••••••• ~.~ •••••••••..• 4 ••••••..•. I! •••••• , ••••••••• "., •• , ••••••• L •••••• ~ •• " •••••• - ••••••••. _ •. , •• ~.~ •••••• ~ ••• "','

12 Many husbands often don't appreciate their wives; and vice-versa,

GRANTED .

•••• •. -.-.~ •••• ',~ .,., •••••• :~., .... ' •.• ~'!"'" .-,. ~ ~ •••• , •••••••. - •••••• P",' ~ •••••.• -, ••.••• _ ••.•••••. ~.' '_";':" ._ ••• ~ •••••••• _ •• " ~ •••• _ ••••••••• _"'!,'":

13 lhappen to knowthe manager of the firm you've-applied to for a job, I can recommendyou, if you like.

WORD

" !" •• t.' ••• ,_, • ;. '0 ••••• , .••••••• ' ••••••••••••• c •• ', •• ,.. •• ~ ,- •• ~ t" t,' 'c', ~ •• " .; •••••••••••••• ", •••••• '-.'+' · •.• 't • i-. ,., , • , '~.

14 "Ali this happ(?,lU!da long, long time ago, "said the history teacher to the class.

PLACE

••• ,.~ ';'.4.4," •.••••••••• ~ ~ .• ," ••••.•.• i., •.. 4" ••••••. ~. 4 .. · •••• ' .". ~ •.••••• ". ,'';, ••.•••• , .••• , •• r •.•. ~ ••...... 44 •• ·.4 ,.·4."~ •• ~ ." ••• ~ •• :> •• : ••.•••

15 Mal),y people nowadays find it increasingly difficult to exist on t~,molU!ytheiY earn.

ENDS

, ••• , •••••• , .'." •.• , •.•• ,,;. .:':' •••• , ••.•• ,'i.1i ., .,.', • ,';' ,. ~. , • I • , • ". , • , • , • ~ •••• , • " ... ~. ~, ••• ,: I'" I .;. ' ••• ~ .' •.•.•••• 1'1 ••• ~ .' ••• '.4 .... ~ .• , .. , ;, ; ••. ~ ••• ' ••••.•••

Complett! the following crossword.

ACROSS

a I h!'ln~stly don't know-what.the fuss IS all about! Rea,IIy, Dorothy, I'think

you'remaking a, .. , .. e •••• " •• ,. •• , outQfa molehill. .

6 People choose , tours becausethey are cheap and convenient

eompared to planning and arran~ng_a holiday themselves.

7 Althpugh he was-retired, he still liked tQ teach the odd evening class jUl3t to ................... his qand in .

. 8 "Flow far is it to Littlehampton?"

"Abo,ut ten miles as the ; flies."

9 And now la!liesand gentlemen, pleasegivea big _,., for tonight's

stars.« Ruby Taylor-and the Roxettes.

10 Ws nothing to do with you, so mind your own r

14; Sorry!l didn!t mean .that! It was a slipofthe ' " .. " tbat's all,

15 The fathe'rgot a bithot under the , trying to explain the_f~ctsof

life to histeenage son,

16 "Was it ~ally six ye8J1> ago that we: last met?"

"Yea, it was." .

"Well. I never! 'rime _certaiJlly ." ; , doesn't it?"

DdWN

1 As we were walking home we got calight ina thunderstormand were .............. "".,. to-theskin,

2 Your sonshould.train to become an accountant - he's got a very good head for

4 I'll hangon to thisbottle-openen; It might comein .. , .

5 {was only sixteen when I firstfell head over ... ' ....... ' •. ; in-love.

. j

10 IwasIl't exp.ec~ing a letter-from her; it arrived quiteout ofthe , , "

11 As son of one of the richest men in Europe be was certainly born With a

.. , spoon in hismouth,

12 That wasn'tat allwhatlmeant! You've got hold of the wrong end otthe

.. ,.. ... , ..... "'., .. a"gl;l.il1.

13 The robbery went off so smoothlythat the police suspected it was an

......... " job - that someone in the bank had been an accomplice.

16 ~What are your new neighbours like?"

"Oh, tgey're really friendly. And their children and ours get on like, a ho~

on ,."

17 My new flat's really small-there isn't room to ; a cat in it.

:.; "

Complete the sentences 2

Complete seiltences 1-15 by choosIng an ei1ding from a-D.

1 The thief couldn't. l'e<llly claim he was innocent because he ... 2 She got the sack becauseshe ...

3 Th~y wished me "many happy returns" ., .

4 Don't ask Pauline.to do the washing up-she1s ...

5 Since my parents moved to Walee.my visits to them ... 6 HE:! wore ll.. hat to disguise the fact that he ...

7 He talked so much that no one ...

8 James is-in a really ba:d mood this meruing. He ... 9 You'd better-pull your socks-up if you ...

10 Let's burythe.hatcbetand ...

11 Befol'ehe'i?wke,h.ea.~k~!\)y ~gla~'iO{){watel'beca'\l~he ... 12 My boss and I don'tsee eye to eye ...

13 He hadn't prepared a speech but spoke ... 14 He was a very timid person who. ,.

15 I got into hot.water the other qaY ...

a was a hit thin.on'top.

b for borrowiagfhe school record player without permi$$ion.

e. .• .nff the top of his, head. .

d ., .wantto passthe exarn,

e· had ·been caught red.handed.

f musthave got out of bed the wrong side.

g .. , . wouldn't say "boo!' to a goose,

h . , .1:Ie,c;ome friend.s again,

i ' .. kept turning up late for work.

j over the. new sales campaign.

k all fingers.and thumbs. .

I ., , could get a.word in edgeways;

ttl on my qirtbday.

n are vezy few an:dfarbetween~

o had Ii frogin his throat,

Write your answera l)ere:

I ' 12 13 '4 15 18 17 18 '" 1'0 1" I H 113114 IJ

---

Explain the meaning

.:

:~ -',

Explain the meaning of the i(jioms in italics in each at the fallowing sentences.

1 HetenQs to exaggerate, ,SO in were you I'd take everything he says !pith a pinch of$ult:

.2 Andrew Lloyd- Webbet~s latest musical has taken New York by storm.

3 1 {bUlld it extremely diffieult.to hold, my tongll£ when he started praising the South African government and sayillgwb.at a marvellousjob it was doing.

4 ThetBic:l fate was £3.50. I gave-the driver £4 and told him to,keepthe.change. 5 }think you'dbetter phone upyour.mother to tell her you've arrived safely. It

will sethermind gJ rest. .

6 James won't do anything without asit.ing hill wife t-iiiSt. You can see who wears the trousers in that fa:nmy .

'7 My brother was invoivedin a car accident on the way to work yesterday.

Fortunat.el~\hewas uninjured, but his car is a complete write-of(

S "Would you like a nightcap, Joy?"

"No"than~ you. Alcohol always gives me aheadaehe."

9 I'm sorry, madam, but we can't erderthat book for you - Wsout of print,

10 1 dj,dn't like caviar-and smoked Salmon at-first. For me theywer~, all acq!~ired taste.

llWsgettingvery late, I think We ought rocallit a day.

12 He's going to become Prime Minister one day - you mark my.words!

13 The owner needed t()sell his J ag1,lal' ina hurry, 80 I got ,it for (l S.Q~g - (jnly £1,000!

lil But you pl'ornised, Patrick! How could. you go backbit your wordJ

15 We"re off toa ~onference on Wednesday, sowe'rerelyirrgon you to hold the fort until w.e get back ..

What are they saying?

2

Look at the drawrngs below and try to work out what the peOPle are saying. Mark the appfopriaJe letter (a-/) ii1each of the speech bubb~es. Choose from the follOwing:

a "The doctor told me to take it easy."

b "I was.in such a hurry this morning that 1 picked up the wife's by

mistake." ..

C "You Were saying, Mr Brnwn, thatyou Were gi ven.the sack from the garage ... "

d "He'aas 86ft as butter, onCe. he realises that you're-not going to hurt

him."

e "Is this tbe short cut you were telling' me about?"

f "~itr()r, ~ir:ror on tile wall ... tell me a little white lie."

g "I'm Just turning in. Would you tell: the milkmarrto leave an extra pint?" h ~y don't you act your age,~rge? Ifyou're prepared to say 'Sorry'

then I'm prepared to say 'I forgive you'."

i "He's been as good as gold, Mra -Iones, We've been playing cowboys. and

lzldiall,8. "

j "Yes, I'm on a banana dieta,gain.Why? DOes it show?" k"HeUo, I'm Paul, It's my job to get; rid oryon!"

I "Yes, Susan, I'd love to come round for a chat. Peter-won't mind. He said he,wan~ an early night."

Choose the animal

fiU ((I the missing wQrds (tom tflesentence§ fJe{Qw. Choose from the fo/(owing, usihg pfuraffDrms wh(~renecessaty.

bird bull cat cow·

crocodile dog donl_t.ey fish

goat goose horse kitten

lion pig rat stag

1 TUrning up-half an hour late.for themterview really cookedhis .. , , .

2 We were .. hoping to. keep the wedding a secret, but my mother soon let the

.; , tnrtof'thabag .

. 3 You're flogging a dead , trying to gilt Harry.to change his mind!

4 I don't think I'd recognise her now; it's , ; '8 years since Hastsaw

her.

S HaroM has really gone to the , since his wife died.Lcoking at him

!lOW, its hard to believe he-was once a.succe$sfulbarrister.

6 It's not that I mind giving her a lift home every Tuesday, butwhat gets my ................... is the fact that she's never ortce·(lffered to pay for the petrol, .

7 As Ilradto goWSwansea on business, I decided to kill two , with

one stone and visit my <M school 80S well.

8 Al though he had only known her for two. weeks he decided to take the

................... by the h~tnsand ask her to marry him. .

9 $he.loved tennis and could.watch it untH the .. , , camehQlne.

10 You're upset now, I know. But you'llsoori forget her -a~r all, there are

plenty more In the sea.

11 That's the lasttime !invite Steve for a meal. He really made-a " of

himself iast night, .

12 D()n/t·he fooled. She's pot a bit sad; they're just tears.

13 When their grandfather died, Robert and. his sister got the \ is

share of his money .

-r" ;~ ;.'~ ..

14 After years of commuting from Brighton to London, he decided to get out of

the race and buy a small fannin Wales.

15 When I tell my parents.that Paw and I have decided to call off the wedding

they're going to have ., , .

16 We~re off to a party tonight -David's getting married on

Saturday.

True or false? ·2

Say Whether the idioms in the following sen fences are used correctly (true) or i"correctly (false).

TRUE ( 1

1

1 My cousin is -very strong. He's extremely tight.-fist.ed. 2 'the bank manager wasarrested for cooking the books. 3 You w(luldpro1;.ably not be y-eryh:appy if'someone said

to you, "You're a br:iCk."

4 TocaU the banns. has something to do with politics. [ 1

5 Ml;ln are not l,l,$.llHlly invited W.a h#n pqrty. [ 1

[

6 To eavesdrop is to listen accidentally to a private conversation.

7 To grease $oroeorw'spalm means to tell his 01' her fortune.

S A travellingsalesman often has to live outora suitciISe.

9 He can't readmusic: he plays the piano by ear;

10 To lead sony;torw (liP t~.garden path i,s Etll,other way (If sayi1l,g "to get married".

11 I forg.ot tophot1,e David - iteqmpletely sl.ipped my

mind. . .

12 The vpp concert was a disaster. It went like a,bomb,

13 I f'eltreally pleased whenshe told me that-she thought I had a,fatchance of getting the job.

14 )lost people would be pleased ifth~YEota uiindfal], 15 He ~pendsall his free time body-building. That's why he's so thick-skinned,

-16 The. policeman Saw that I wasntt wearing a seatbeit, but fortunately he turned. a, bli1;l.f::/ eye to it.

(

[ J

FALSE [ ]

[ J

)

J

J

[

] I

J

Definitions

3

" ,:'

Match up the definitions on the left (1-16) with the correct idiom on the right (a-PJ.

1 inteIIigence, reasoning ability a a blessing in disguise
2 S()mething that is extremely easy (todo) b a blue-collar worker
3 stealing goods whlleshopping c a dead-end job
4 a story that is so exaggerated or d elbow grease
incredible that it is difficult to believe
5 something which appears bad at first but e a false alarm
then turns (ll~tw'en
6 a worker who does an office job f grey matter
7 a trick played upon someone g a nest-egg
8 a factory worker rather than an office worker h. a pain in the neck
it a lot of excitement and discussion about i a piece of cake
something that is trivial
10 an amount of money saved for future use j a practical joke
11 ajob without prospects k a reel-letter day
12 a very important day in someone's life I shoplifting
13 a tiresome, irritating person In a shot in the dark
14 physical application to hard work .. a storm in a teacup
15 a wild guess o a tan story
16 a warning of danger which turns out to be p a white-collar worker
false ",'.'.:'.-

Choose the idiom 3

Choose tile word iJr phrase whiCh best cgmp/eteseach sente.nCe.

1 In my opinion, anyone who would risk his life jusHb climb a mountainmust

be , ·,

a off colour b off his-head

d long in the tooth

c the worse for wear

2 He worked at a carfactoryand usually ( , .. , .. at'"l.30e'Verymornin~.

i8 signed. the pl~geb called the shots e clocked in

dopenedaoaccoQ:nt

3 You cut it , .. J Another minute-and we'd have left without you.

bshorl

d loose

4 Before she left for Australia ehepromised her'parents that she would drop

them ; at least once a month.

8 a note

b a word

c thenews

d aline

5 I was all set to take the job in Tokyo, but.at the lastminute I and

decided w:stay in BritaIn.

a pulled my finger out b got cold feet d caJled it a day

e held my horses

6 Do you mind if! give you my decision tOIilOtroW? I'd like to .

a read between the lines d take it tohearf

b pass the buck

e sleep on.it

7~hat I'vegotto say to you now hnitrictly and mo$tcertainly not

for publicafion," said the government official to the-reporter,

a pestde the point d dffthe'record

b forth~ time being

c by the way

8 You~d better not tease-Samantha when.she's tired. You know how ................. ,. she-gets.

~ ratty

c catty

d tipsy

9 The police are.working ,,, With the Football Association in an effort

to stamp out soccer violence.

a hand over fist b hand in hand

d head over heels

c handin glove

)0 I've never really enjoyed going til theballet(lt' the.opera; they're not reaHy

rriv

---

s.

11 When the chairman retired-be was given a , of£.50,OOO.

a consolation prize b golden handshake o blank cheque

d paning shot

12 Did you see Jonathan this morning? He looked like It must

have been quite a party last night!

a a bear with asore head d a wet blanket

bdeath warmed up

e a dead duck

1$ Although she had never used, a word-processor before, she soon got the ................... ofit.

a feel

b touch

c swing

d hang

14 "What's wrong with Guy today? He's unusually quiet:"

"He's got something on his ! expect."

a brain

b mind

c thoughts

d brow

r-

"

Idioms with "on"

Fill in the mIssing words in thesentMceS below. Choose from the following:

eaaccount, of on and Qff 9n:averl),g~ ot}board

on call

on one's tOO8*

on principle on purpose; o;n~;nter hooks on the cards on the carpet

on thecontrary on the dot ..

on the-house

on the other nand on the' rocks

on the run on the.shel( on the spur

<ifthe moment on thewhele

1 When I Was growing up in Wales, a girl was considered to be , ....•..... ;; if

she wasn't mareiedby the time she was. twenty-five.

2 "The dtin:ksare c'" .1" said the smiling landlom. to his eustonrers on

Christmas morning.

3 Mymother; being an ardent socialist, disagrees with eyerythingthe

Conservative Party does .

4 Wemuliltn't be late tomorrow, so Lexpeet you all to be here at9 o'clock

5 The football match had to be postponed , the bad weather.

6 James and I hadn't really planned to get married; we just did it " ...•

one-day.

'1 "lJow much deteachers earn inyour country?"

.. ltvaries,but .. , , about £l;OO{):a month."

8 Sales have really fallen off this ye!!X.lfthisgoes on much longer, t,he

company willMon be , .

9 lbswork is quite good." " ; , butthere.are·still one or two thlngsPm

not really h.a.ppy wf~h. .

10 Arnoldha~ been learning Russian ". for three y~.ars.

U selling computers is very competitive. Y QU reany have to be ...... , .... , ....... to keep your job,

12 You'll.be AfthebQssElver finds out that you forgo] to deliver those

parcels on time last' week.

13 She didn't.knew whether to take thejob or not. Onthe.one hand the salary

was much better, but , , ,. it rneanta lot mor-etravelling eVery day.

14 I hate travelling by boat, 1\8s0911 as I get , I start to feel seaside

15 After ten days of being ; , he finally gave himself up t9 tije police.

16 One oftile,disaQyantages'of1;lei'uga doctor is that you arefrequently

... , ........ , ........ at weekends.

18 It iSl;l't true that.] hate popmusic; , .I like it vetynrueh,

19 It's , that the Foreign Secretary-will be forcedt6 resign because 6f

-that business in the Middle East.

20 It waa.no accldentl you did it !

Idioms of comparison 2

ChooSe, thewoid or 'phrase WhichbesttorriP(etes each $entence.

1 He was a natural singer with a voice-that was as cl~ar as .

a a waterfall

cabeR da mirror

2 After a go6d night's sleep he woke up feeling as fresh as ; .. , ; .. and

eager to' start work again. .

a fruit

b adai~y

c. a.kitten

d a maiden

3 He might look kind and sympathetic, but deep down he's as hardas

bamol,lntain

c a gangster

daniceberg

4 What on earth have you -got in thiSc suitcase? It's as heavy .as ;.r:

a an elephant

b lead

cconcrete

d acorpse

5 Pauline can't have emigrated. to New Zealand.beeause 1 saw her last night at

Simon's partY,as " ; as life.

a true

b real

c good

d large

6 It's no use arguing with him, be won't listen, He's 'I'I,B stubborn as

...• ,.~ ~ ., •• --.-., I.' ~ •••. -.~ .••

a amule

b a spoilt child

c:astl'awberry

d a trade union

7 ~y ou're drunk!"

<iNQi I'm hot. I'm as sober as !"

a apriest

b Sunday

caJudge

d a Musfim

8 Am I nervous? or course not. Lookaf my hand - WSa!313te;ldy as , , .

a a bridge b arock c steel bars d a stepladder

9 As students, David, Kevin and William were as thick as .. , .

a thieves

b boy.scouts

ca team

d thistles

10 Whenever I feel embarrassed I always go as red as , ,., ..

a a rose b lipstick C·(i raspberry da beetroot

11 Buying-shares in this company is as safe as , Th~re'snoway

you can lose your-money.

b houses

c. goid bars.

d I,l vault

;s

',"~,,""

~'. ~<

l' She was so tired last night that she slept like ' u;nti110 o'clock this

morning.

a a squirrel

b death

c alog

d a zombie

18 We'd better get some extra food in if your brother's coming to stay with us.

He eats like , .. 1

a a lion

b a starving man

c an eagle

d a-horse

14 Normally she smoked 15-20 cigarettes a day, but whenever she was worried

or nervous she. smoked like ,.' .

,a achimney

b a forest. fire

e a steam engine

d a salmon

11$ "Is the dress too big?"

"No, not atall. It fits like " "

a arnould

b a glove

c glue

d a pillowcase

16 J ames never remembers anything; he's got a memory like .. " .

a 'cotton wool

b a mouse

e a sieve

d a bucket

17 If your father ever finds out that you've been taking days off'schoolhe'Il be

down.on you like a ofbricks.

a wheelbarrow

b ton

c pile

d load

1.8 From the moment they first met they got on like .

a twopeas.in a pod b fish and chips c a house on fire

d clockwork

19 News oIthe new pay agreement spread like throughout the

factory.

a wildfire

b butter

c the plague

d a fidod

20 She was So frightened, that she was shaking Hke .

a the wind b a leaf c jelly d a flag

Sort out the idioms

Belowarej() Idioms, eacf1 ofwflich (Jan tJeassociatedwftfJ one of the headings .below. Try to place eaCh idiQm under the apPJopriato ~eading (3uMer each),

past ene'sprrme

put the wind up someone see pink: elephants

see red

at loggerheads

big headed browned off down-hearted Q,pwn in the 9Umpi:) Dutch courage feather one'snest

feel under the weather fly offthe.hanq,le gettirrgon in years gooffthe deep end hair-raising

have a bone to ,pick with someone

have one's hearli:n one's mouth

havesomething on one's mind

havewords

keep one's head abcve-water keyedi.i,p

long in the .tooth off eoleue

on a shoestriug on tenterhooks outofsort;s

stuck-tip tips}"

toobig.for-one'a boots

VANITY/CONGEIT

UNHAPpINESS

M()NEY

FEAR

--

ANXIETYiW°ltRY

ALCOHQL

O[SAGREEMENTtAgGUMENT

ILL-REAL'rH

ANGER

AGE

Complete the crossword 3

Comp/etethe following crossword.

ACROSS

::I Your son seems to be making quite a for himself Mrs Webb. I

bet you're proud of'him.

4 His arguments sound convincing, but when you examtne them closely they

just don't hold .

5 Trying to get Mr Simpson to contribute something to the staff children's

party is like tryingto get blood out ora , .

7 "What does 'nefarious' mean?"

"I haven't the , Idea. Ask Brian."

II With a bit of luck, th~comPany should manage to even by the

end ofthe year .

12 J don't think we should mention the war in front of your aunt. She. suffered a

lot so it's best to let sleeping lie.

15 It's typical of him to take ail the credit when we're the ones who've done all

the work!

16 Well. if you're. not prepared to do a,nythingaboutit, then I ~alljust haveto

go over your , , and.speaktothe.manager.

17 I'm afraid I'm a bit , of money this month. Do you thlukyou could

lend me £30?

19 I'm in two ., ' whether to go to Spain for the summer or not,

.DOWN

1 British people have a reputation for keeping a .,. upper lip.

2 I do wish you'd come to the , Sally. We haven't got all night, you

know.

3 ~I'tn 8ort'y Prolate."

"Not to~ony. Better late than ".; "

6 He failed to get'a place at university, and ever since then he's bad a

...... , on his shoulder.

S I'm telling.you , , and for all that unless you work a lot harder,

you're not going to pass the exam.

9 I really can't imagine what I've done to offend Carol. J said.hello to her hut

she just, gave tIle the cold c····.·· .

10 When: he took but a pipe and started smoking it, he got some ditty

................... frornene or two of his fellow-passengers. .

12 "It was a wonderful party after my graduation -areal red-letter

".

13 No One ever talks.eboutcousin Charles. Apparently, he's the black

.................... ofthe family. .

14 We were all very sad to hear that her grandmother had away

during the night.

IS ':Oh dear, I hope I'haven't hurt his feelingsl"

"No, don't worry. Philip's so "., .. " skinnedhe probably thought you

were-talking about" someone else."

-·1····.····.···'-.··.·.· .. ··;··.

;'; ~,,:,·;fi ; .

. .

;' 0° ";2

I,:

Choose the part of the body

Fill in tile missing words tram the sentences below-Choose from cht;! folloWing;. using plural forroswtlere neCessary

arm bone cheek foot heart nerve
back brain chest hair leg .stomaeh
blood breast finger hand mouth tooth I Being retired, he suddenly found himself with 1 ots of time On his .,,, , .

butwith1ittleto do to occupy it.

2 Ypuneed to have a strong ..... ",." ... , .... 10 work in a elaughterhouse.

3 He got up very late this morning and then had the to complain

about his breakfast betngcoldl

4 She had a sweet ,,, .. and couldn't rosist buYing chocolates and CFEl.am

cakes.

5 Nolie of the studeIits liked Mr Saker. In fact; everyone was glad to see the .................. , of him when he left to teach -in Italy.

G I thi.nk I'll go-and stretch my , I've. been sitting down all morning

and I'm feeUng a bit stiff.

7 I've got an essay to write on the history of computing. Unfortunately, I don~t

know anything about it, so.do.youmind in pick-your I .. ? .

8 He used to love mountain-climbing, l>ut when a friend of his was killed in the

Himalayas-he lost his , andnever went climbing again.

9. ThEl viewers were up in ,. when the, television station announced it

was'going to change the time QftheElvenilig. news broadtast from 9 o'clock to 9.3Q.

10 There'ssomething wrong somewhere. I can't put my ,., .. , on what it is

exactly, butsomethingjust doesn'tfeel right.

n The,cruel way some ownerstreat.their pets makes my boil,

12 "HllrrY up, Dorothy] T4e t~i's waiting)"

"Alhight, keep your , oli! I'm COming."

13 Getting aproblemoff'your; ", .. a, is the first stage to being able to solve

it. .

14 She decided to m~El a clean " of everyt4ing and confess that she

was the one. who hadstolen the money,

15 You'd better be careful what YQU say to Samantha. You know how sensitive

she is to critkiSro - she takes everything. to .

16 I think there's going to be trouble atthemeeting' tonight; I can feel it in roy

" _;

17 David and the new boss seem to have got off on the wrong , Poor

David! There go his chances for promotion.

18 Stop putting words into my ! Inevef said opera was boring, Ijust

said 1 preferred musicals, that's alL

-.,-.,'

Complete the proverbs

1

Complete the following proverbs by choosing an ending from those marked a-po Then try to explain what each proverb means.

1 Honesty.,.

2 Better late .

3 Still waters .

4 Actions. , .

5 More haste ...

6 A fool.and his money ... 7 All's well ...

8 A rolling stone .

9 kstitch in time .

10 Don't count your chickens ... 11 Strike ...

12 Let sleeping dogs .

13 Look before you .

14 Once bitten .

15 Make hay .

16 Rome ...

a less speed.

b gathers DO moss.

c twice spy.

d lie.

e, while fne sun shines,

f is the best policy.

g was not built in a day.

h than never.

i leap.

J are soon parted.

~ run deep.

I that ends welL

In while the iron is hot.

n before they are hatched.

o Saves nine.

p , .. speak louder than words.

§ Y7' in~FT. 16 171 B 19 1'0 111 1'21"I'41:IJ

Definitions 4

Matohup the definitions on the left (1-16) with the correct idiom on the right

(a-p). .

1 be in prison

2 enjoy oneself 3 be experienced

4 have on~!s revenge

I; quarrel in public, have a row 6 look angrily-at someone

7 lose money OVer something. 8 remain.alert

9 reach a criSis

'to wait, be. patient

11 not keep a promise 12 become known

13 relax

14 recall, remember something 15 be-very busy

16 escape from someone (e.g. the poli~e)

a be an old h&:nd atsomething b be out of pocket.

e breakone'aword

d bri,ng something to.mind e come toa head

f come to light

g do time

h get Qne's own back givesomeone a black look j give.someone the slip

k havaa good time

have one's hands full m hold ene's horses

n keep on one's toes

o make a scene

p put one's feetlip

Choose the ldlorn 4

Choose the word or phrase which best completes each sentence .

1 That SQfa would , , J;l:icely for the.Iiving-eoom,

a match

b pass

c do

d fit

2 Flew-as wearing very shabby, dirty clothes and 10Q~ed very ., " .

a easy-going b down to earth c out of shape d down.at heel,

'3 Since he s,tarteti his own business he has been making-money-hand over

a fist

b heel

e head

d palm

4 I'can't see us beating them at tennis thisyear-we~re soout 6£. ;: .

as~p b practice ,c fitness d breath

5 Iwouldn'tmova there- not forall the .. ",." .

a fish in the-sea d tea in China

b sand in the Sahara

cgunsin: Texas

6 I'm not surprised, Galin's ill. He's belen .. , , fora long time, It was

bound to affect his health sooner or later;

a having his cake and eating it b burning the candle at both ends,

c playing with fire d going to town

7 Ijust couldn't remember her name even.though it was on, the of

my tongue,

a edge

b tip

c top

d front

8 She was in such a hurry in.the I.lloming that she put herjumper on

:..~ .- .•.••• PI •••• ·' ••• ; p

a.sMeways

c inside out

9 That's exactly what I mean, Hen. You've !

a put your foot in -it b killed two birds with one stone c. put two and two together d hit the nailon the head

10 "I'm going for an interview for a jon this afternoon."

",Good luck! I'll keep my crossed fbr you,"

a legs .i)finger& carms d hands

11 "If onlyI hadn't lent him aU that, money!" .

''Well you did, SO it's no good crying over, .. '., ...... , ........ milk;"

'12 Ii's not surprising that he became a.writer because he alwaY!\llonged tosee

his name .

a intype

b in print

e inIetters

d m edition

13 The car swerved to avoid a cyclist.and just missed hitting a pedestrian by

a. a slight edge b a narrow escape

.d a hair's breadth

c a close thing

1'4 Well, well. ifit:isI:J,'tKathy Lewis] You're a sight for , eyes!

a old

b blue

d crocodile

15 I'know times have, been bad lately, Peter, but keep YOUr , up;

things are bound to get better-aeon, . ..

.a chin

1:J head

csock!!

d mind

~ .. " " .

What are they saying? 3 .

Look at the drawingsbetow and tlY to work out wryat tne people are ~ayirlg. Mark the approptiateletter (a-d) tn each of the speeCh bUbbles. Choose from the following:

a "I'd .better come with you. I've been cooking the books,"

b "Ofcollr~ she'~got l.mt~rfl~es ip her st9ma,ch. It's b,e:r first marriage:" c "You're fired, Biggs. You too, Miss Jones."

d "I think. someone wants us to get a move.on,"

e "Keep this under your .hat, Sally - my husband has a drink problem,') f ''To be honest, Charles, I'm scared stiff of the-thought of retireraent."

g . "$top being so self-eonseious, d?rling.Lots. ofmenare a bit thin on top." h "When I get mit of here I'm going to Pfrlntthe town red with that £15 I

stole 25. years ago."

i"Who got out of bed on the wrong side this morning, then?ii j '~Your drinks.machine seems tp 'be: cut.of'order."

k '"But how mueh are wein the-red?'

I "I'm afraid we only haveaskeleton.staffa,t the moment."

Idioms with" by" "for", "off" and U out of"

Fill in the TiliSsing Wor/is inthe sentences below. ChOose.frorh the following:

by chance by far

by hand by h~art

by no means by the way for a change

fQt' good for-short :Cor the high

jump

for the time being

off and on of'fdu:ty Qffthe beaten

track

off the top of one's.head"

out ofbol1nds out of breath out of hand outofthe·

question out of tune

(* Change as appropriate):

1 trn fed up with doing thesamething every weekend. Let's: go away

.!!omewhere· ''''''M'''' •.......•• " . .

2 He lived ih a small cottage which, because it was , was 'very

difficult to find.

3 lthin!! I'dbetter give up smoking.lwas CQlnpletcly , , thismomlng

after climbing two flights ofstairs~

4 It is ; unusualin SOn'U;l countries fora family to have two cars.

S Thademonstraticn got ,., .... ,." ........ and quicklydeveloped intoafull-scale battle between the demonstrators and the: pOlice.

6 The government has decided tP shelveits plans t9 raise the school leaving

age to eighteen - at least ., , , .

7 These things are more expensive because they're all made .. " , .

8 $hesaid she wOlddjoin Us atthe restaurant later; when she WlUI , .

9 , did you remember to post that letter I gave you yesterday?

10 We can't Use,thiB piano, it's , .

11 He wasn't prepared for the questiea, SQne wasfQrced to answer .

12 Of allthe l'louseswe've lQoked at, thi;s one is the best.

13 The pupils were not allowed to go to the' local fish and chipshop during their

IUJ].ch hour, It was , to them.

J4 My sister has been liVing in Ireland , for the past seven years.

15 If tIte govertrment-puts lip income tax again I shan leave this qauntry ................... and go and live in Spain or Grli!ece.

16 J'mafraii) I can't let you have next week off, MissBlake, It's quiw

... , , ; We have Jar too much to do at the moment.

17 Do you 1i~e· my rrng? Lsaw it quite in the window of an antique

'" • • .1· ~1 '11'T.'1 • __ ~

18 His name Was Benjamin! but.he was called Ben .. " ".' ..

19 Mr Wilson's ., , He); been caught fiddling the accounts.

20 Probably the only really effeotive.way of learning prepositions is to learn

them '.

,"':.Sff".:/.',

'4····'··

!" ';~

'. .:. ~ .

. ,-, "-,

~ , . -

". '. . ~

. .

Complete the proverbs 2

Complete the following proverbs by choosing an ending from those marked a-po Then try to explain what eachproverb means.

1 Absence .

2 Beauty .

3 First come, ...

4 When the eat's away .. 0

5 Nonews .

6 Amiss .

7 One good turn 00 0

8 A bird in the hand; .. 9 A bad workman ...

10 Charity. o. 11 Practice. , . 12 Necessity ...

13 A new broom ...

14 One man's meat .... 15 Too' many cooks, , .

16 Where there's a will ...

a is worth two in the bush.

b beginsat home.

c is as good as a mile.

d spoil the broth .

. e, .• , is themother of invention.

f makes the heart grow fonder.

g always blames his tools.

h sweeps clean.

i there's a way.

j ison1y skin deep.

k the mice will play.

I deserves another.

m first served.

n makes perfect.

'0 ..• is good news.

p ... isanother-man'spoison.

True or false 3

Say whether the idioms in the following sentences arfllised com:ctly (true; or incorrectly (false).

1 He goes there often - at least once in a blue moon,

2 He didn't have. much power; he was onl~ a figurehead. 3 He Iiked.her a lot; he hadiareal soft spot for her;

4 It's notnew; it's second-rate.

5 He couldn't go any faster: he Was already going {lat out.

S He's an eJl:tremelygoQd t;;ilker. He reEl-UY does h4lAe flu! gift of the. gab.

7 My grandmother has been married for fifty years and she's still a vel'Y,happy old maid;

8 My uncle's bU6yat the moment inthe garden; he's p~hing up daisies. Oan Ltakeamessage?

9 I don't understand it; ittsaU Greek to me',

10 You would probably feel very proud if someonegaue

Y014 the su,ck. .

U He-was so hungry that he-eze his heart out ..

(2 A company-car and luncheon vouchers are.justtw:oof

theperks you ·get when you work here. '

13 We etepotaioe« in-their jackets last nig}I~;

14 Heloved animalsandspent a lot of his free tiIfiein the I

doghl[)u,:;,e. ..

15 This book is cfug -eared. I can't possibly sell it.

III He loves.gardening; he's, very weedy.

TRUE [ ]

[.

FALSE [ ]

]

] )

[1

1

1

T

1

[

T [

Rewrite the sentences 2

Fareat;tT anne sentences below wrttearrew sentence with a similar miJaning. Sub.stitJJte the word.$ in italics with the wqrdi(J CAPITAL LETTERS plus one 01 the verbs in the box. (You may nfJed to use some Ofthem more tfran once)

call f;ome do getgivegQ. have: keep lose pull put take

1 Telephone me if you fee] like g'oillg 'out for a meal'one.day next week.

RING "

""."~ " ••••• '_" ._~. ',! .,' ••••• ~ •••.•.••• _~ •• ~_ •• , •.••• ~ .• ~ ,,'. """.~"'! ~ , •••• ,,' •• ',' ';','.," ., ••••• ,. ~.~. '0' to' t,'" ., •••• i •••• .-..", •••• ! .

2 That wasn't what I meant at aU! Y ou've cgmptete{ymisundel'$tood me as usual!

STICK

3 There's no need for u~ to hurry; the play doesn't start until 7,.30.

TIME

••• ~ .•••••• " •• -~ •••••• - ,"p ••••••• t.' c ~ .;'" ,", ~ ' ••••. ~ .';'1 .: ~ ~" •••••• ' •.•.••• I, •• , ;. ••• , •• _ •••• o •••.•• ·t • 0 0 0-0'0-' ••••• i •• 0., ..

4 The fact that the President had been a d;rug a1idh;t UiIl,S not revealed· until several years a(ter ht~, dea tho

LIGHT

;.- •.•••• ~ •••••••• 'c'.' •. ~ •• '." ••.• I •• '.: ••••• 0 ••• ' ••••••••• ', ••• ~ •••• ',.,.', •.• i .••••••• ',., ••. , •.•.••••.•••• i •••••••••• , •• ,~ •••• ~. ~ ••• ~ .• , , ..

5 I may notcome nr8t in tke race, 1!l,lt FH try as h,qrd astcan notto come last.

BEST

•• ~ •. ~:~ 0 •••••••••••••••••••• 1 •••••••• , ••• ~ ~ ••••• '~." ~~ •••• _., - ••••••••••••••••• '.,.,., •••••• "~ •••• ~., •• , +: •••• " ••• , ••••••••••• , ;'.~.

6 My husband is obsessed withfootbaU; it'sthe.only thing he ever thinksabout-

BRAIN '

~ •••••• , ••••.•••• I,.·~ •••.•• "~ '" '.~ " • "p •• ~,!"" ~ •..• ' .•.•.••• ',' ••• ~ ••• -. !""" ',! '.' ••• ',' ~ '_"' .•• ' ••• ~. ,,, •• '.' •••• ',' ~ .~."., •••• ! •• ~ •• ~ , •••• '-','

7 We're organising a going-away party.for Sue on Saturday. But don't tell her as it's supposed to bea surprise,

QUIET'

, ••••••• , •••••••••••••••••• ,., ••••••• , .. , •••• ~. ~c;~ ... ' •• ~.""~~~ ~~~ .... ~ •• o •••• ~,.,.,., ••• ~ •• , ••••••••••• ~ ~~ ~~.~.~ •• , ••••••• ~ ••••

8 If things go wrong,James, whatever you do, don't,panic.

HEAD

••••• " •••• , , •• , •••• , ••••••••••• , ••••• ,., •• ~I""""""""""'" I. 1.".' •••• •••••••• .

9 More tha.n 1,900 runners participated in this year's Manchester marathon.

PART

0", c,' •.• ; ••••••• ', o. 0' •••• '. , .••••.•• o~ ~"., •• ,"," • .;.. I " •• ; ~ •••• r, .•• , .•• ' ••• ,._" ••• ~. , .•••••• _. ,.,. ,",! ~.". ~. 0 ••••• ~ ••••••••••••••• ~. ,:.0l-

10 The way he too~ everything she did for granted really an:rtoyed her.

BACK

1 i.Th~ personnel officer protni$eq. htm that she wouldn't, tell anyone that he had been in prison.

WORD

.... i;; ~_. I." , to' I •• ~ ••••. ~ ••• 1.1 ••• -. ;,.; ••• ,' ;. ~ •••• ~ .•••.• 1', •• , " "'..-:;; •• '. 1.1 •••••• ~ .•.• ,.; II .~" :.~ ••• , •• -.;.

12 We?d get, the job finished much quicker if everyoneworlu:das·/w,rtJ as everyone: else.

WEIGHT

•• ~ ••••••• ; ••• ~. ,;' •••••• I-I ••• ;.- ••• ~ 1.1 , ;.'0,; ~"-' •• ~ •••• ,; I,'" • 1'1 ••• " •••• ,--. ," •• '.' ,',~' •••• -,--, .-~ •••••• -,,- ••••• ,--,,, •••••• ·L ,-- ••••

13 If you don;t like the idea thenjustsayso .. I believe you should always speak frankly.

SPADE

.... ' •• ,,1. ~ ~ •••••••••.•• ~ •• , ... :~ .••.•••••• ~ .••••.• ,·il •• ;'~""" II ~ •••••••••• , 1'1" •••••• !.i ••• ~ II •• II •• ~. " ••••••• !. , •••••• .;., ••••• ~ •••• ~ ••••

14 My father'S going to be reallyangry when he finds out that I've lostthe car keys,

WALL

I. I ••• ~ •••••••• !. '.~ "~.' I ~"""'~"" I ~'I' I." •• I .•• "'";1_''' ,., ••.•••• 9 •• , ••••.• I." I ",,;' •• ,.,.,. I ••• I .... I •••••.• , •• I ••••.•••• ~ .•• ~., ••••• ~'

15 Don't pay a.ny a.ttenti9ntowhat he says; he's.()nly trying ti:>anntiy you.

NOTICE .

• ' ~ ~.' I .• ~;o""'.' I.' ':' ~ •• ,.,--, • I I I., ~ ;0-." ,--,-,', , '.' ••. , to. ; • " ••• , •••• "" t .,:, I , I ~ , • , • ,. I· •• , • , • , I.~ .', ':" ':' •• I •.•• ';', , I ~

',.' ,

1"

l

Complete the crossword 4

COinpleteth(J following crIJs5wQrd py tiiJding one wordJiJreach of tb#l Idiolflsin italics.

ACROSS

1 You 'J Detter ask your fa:fherifyou can borrow the car this time;,You knoW

what a song and dan.cehe made last time.

S I can'tS4md the new Qoss;,he's a1wa,ys./in,dingfaalt with my work.

7 They all Iookedso nice that I couldn't make up my mind which one to buy. S Don't expect Tom to buy you 8. drink, he~s far too tight-fisted,

9 Don't-ask me to do anything else tonight - I'm all in.

12 Make yourself a:ihonie, Jill, r'll be with you m.a tick.

13 There's always a racket at that market'orl Saturday, morning.

16 She was really 4ownintbf!c dumps when she didn't-get tl};itjob - she'd set her heart on it.

18 "You Wok tired, Joanna. ~

"Yes, 1 am, All I want to do tonight i!:i pq,t my [eet-up:"

22 It wasn't an accident at a]l- she did it on purpose. Isa wher!

25 His speech Wf!:S lIltereJlting but a lot Qfwhat hEl said was offlh:e point. lie should have kept more ~o the main subject.

26 That dog of theirs really put the windup me. I honestly didn't think we'd get

out ofthere in one piece. .

DOWN

2: Her husband has been out tJ(work since 1986.

3 No, put your money away. The drinks are on the house tonight, 4 We¥an't really let the new boy do it- h¢'s far too green:

5 Everything seems to be above board, but there's something that doesn't feel quiterigM.ljust wish I knew what it was.

10 Seeing as they're both teachers, it's rwt8urprisiBg really that their children. are brainy.

1,1 Would you two geta moveoli; We haven't got an night!

14 The holiday was an out and Qutdisa$ter: Everything went wrong from start

to finish. .

15 Wen, that~s another £10 down the dl'u(n,. That's the last time 1put it bet on a horse,

l'i That car I bought from your brother is a dead loss . It's been in 'and out of the garage at lea:s.ttwenty times since.lbought it.

19 They left the restaurant leaving me tp{optthe bill.

20 Althou:gh they have heen working on the problem for weeks, theystiU haven't madeverymuch headway.,

21 "r think it'sa lOfharder for a woman to combine a career lind afa,.miIy than it is for-a man,"

"I beg todiffer! There'sabsolutelyno difference whatsoever."

24 She must be off herhf,aiJ to ttl:m down thechance of a month's free holiday to the West Indies.

II Choose the adjective

Fill ih the missi(lgadj~c;tives In the Sf1ntences beJ(}w. Choose from (tre fOf/owing:

bated flat pet square
broad foregone practical taU
conffnnE;!d golden rough unwritten
dal'k. ~t sh~ weak
fair naked sore. Wishful 1 She had a very "''''' ''''_'''' tongue, and could be really sarca~tic:: when she

was angry.

2 The result of the election Was a/an , conclusion. Everyone knew

which party would win.

3 There.is a/an .. , __ ., law ill this cIul:>that you llf;!Vel' bo:rrow.mol,leyi'rom

a fellow-member ..

4 She had a veryvivid.Imaginatinn but her spelling was her " .. , point

,when it carne. to writing essaya,

5 ¥(;IU don't need a telescope to see thepianetVE;!nus -you cau seeit with the

... ; ,.eye.

6 Watch out forPaul Blake in the. competition; he's a bit of alan ,; . .; .

horse. .

7 We decided w.playaJan , , joke on ourteacher by putting a "For

Sale;' sign on his car.

8 Don't mention laat year'S Christmas patty to Harry; iVs abitofa/an .............. , ..... point with him.

9 The one thing about Pamela'is that you can trust her; you know she'llgtve

you a/an ....... , ....... ;.,. deal.

10 He'U nevergetmarried; h.e's alan , bachelor,

11 Don't pE;!1ieve a wQl'd he s~y$;it's jus~another ofhii) , stories.

12 Doyon.know if there's alan line.between 10 DoW'ningStrej;!t an~

the Kremlin? .

13 I don't really want to be twenty again;!t wasjust .. , , thinking.

U The competitors waited with breath for thel'e~:ults to be readout.

15 The robb.ery was committed in __ day!tght

1(; "How many were there aBhe meeting last night?"

"I'm not suteexa.ctly,but ata/an ." gp€SS I'{l.sa.y aboutthree

Irundrad."

17 One ofh!s .. , ..,hatE;!s was people pushing i n frontof himat bus. stops ..

18 Lwas late for work this morning because my car had a ~yte.

19 This ·ts a opportonity for you, Tom. You musttake it.

20 It was theJirst ". meal the tl'amphadh'ad in days.

Find someone ...

Look (It the draWings below: Find someone:

a who has been caught h who is in the limelight. [
red-handed, i who IS keeping fit. r
b who has been pipped at the j who is light-fingered. [
post. [ ) k who is 011 duty.
c who has just hit the sack. l 1 1 who is out of condition. [
d who hasjust named the day. [ ] m Who -is roughing it .. [
e who is a blackleg. . I ] n who is run off hiszher feet. r
f who is behind the times. L ] 0 whe is showing off. L
g who is having a whale ofa p Who is taking to his/her
time. heels. , I

Paired idioms

Compfete .• the paired idioms in the sentences below, Choose from the fOllowing:

~bout front sound 'tear
blood large span thin
bull nail square thumbs
cons shoulders sweet tired
fast ~p'Lll tak~ yoid 1 She-was an outsjandingstudent.whose work wae head and ...... ,." .... , ., .. above the others in her class.

2 The lecture wasjustthe way th.e students liked 'it - short and .

3 Although it has ilsfaults, by and Britain is a pretty good country

tolive in. .

4 Don't ask James to do anything practical; he's all fiqgers lind , .. ,..... .

·5 Pauline was s:o funny on-Saturday. She really Was the life and .. , ~ ...... , ... of

the party.

6 England Were beaten fair and , by: the West Indies in the Third

'Test at Lords.

7 He.'sMt feeIingwel1 at the moment, but he should be up and ..... , ...... 1 ...... again in a few days,

8 The oontraet.was declared null and asoneof the partnera had

forgotten to sign it.

9 You didn't believe what he said, did you? It was just another one ofhls cock

and stories! .

10 Oh, thank heavens.you're both safe and ..... , .. " ... "." .. ! Iwasso worried about

you.

11 They-promised.to standby each otherthrough thick and h ••• · .

12' Th .' h ·h·l'l 1· f ,. d "t' betn ttobuy

. e carpet.in t ea. getaa ot.o wearan ,S01 .. S 8 o.

any:thingtoo expensive.

13 You can't throw him out, surely? Not your brother; not your OWlJ, flesh and

......... , ..!

14 A certain amount-of give and ., ise8Sential in any relationship,

15 His flat was 80 spiek and thatitlookedmore 1ikeaweU·kept

museum than a home,

16 I'm afrafd you'll have to wear a tie, sit. It's a hard and , rule ofthe

club.

17 T'hey'realways figbt~ng tooth and " .....•.... I'm surprised they d{!Jl'tget

l~ I couldn't understand Why everyone was laughing until i realised that I had

my [umper-enbaek to , ,.

19 Themanaging director outlined the pros and " of'the proposed

merger.

20 I don't know about you, David, hut I'm sick and , ofhearing about

his 'fantastic! children.

Definitions 5

Match up the definjtions on the Jeft(1-16) with the correct idiom on the right (e-»).

1 incite someone to.desomething that a bark up the wrong tree
perhaps they-should not do
2 make a serious etfort to improve one's work b bide one's time
3 live ftom day to day, often without regular c butter someone up
money
4 hear a rumour d call someone's bluff
5 find faults or mistakes in something (e.g. an e cut someone dead
argument)
6 go from a bad situation to one that is f egg someone on
even worse
7 flatter someone (often in order to get g hear something on the
something) grapevine
8 become angry h jump down someone's
throat
9 challenge someone to do what he or she has i jump out of the frying
threatened to do (usually because one does pan into the fire
not believe the person will do it)
10 be humiliated or be made to look foolish in j lend someone a hand
front of others
11 make a mistake, have the wrong idea.of k live from hand to mouth
something
12 annoy or irritate someone I lose face
13 speak angrily to someone m lose one's temper
14 wait patiently for a suitable opportunity W n pick holes in something
do something
15 help someone 0 pull one's socks up
16 completely ignore a person while passing p rub someoneup the
him or her wrong way Prepositions and particles

Fill in the missing prepositions or particles int~e following sentenCes.

1 HelplHelpl My house is , fire.!

2 Paul won't do anything without asking his wife first. She's really got him ................... her thumb.

3 The thing I don't like about my present jobis that we-often have to workup to

ten hours , a stretch. ..

'4 If you have <my complaints, then ten me ,.t{ly face .. I can't stand

people who db things my back,

5 My mother never' gives anyone a tip ; ; priaeiple.

6 ,., you, rue and the. gatepost, I don't think the neW boss will last

more than a few months.

7Tbis work is taking much longer than I thought this tale 'it'll

be Qhtistmas before it's finished,

8 This piano was.a present from my grandmother-and I wouldn't part with it ................... love or money.

9 The party was already "'," full swing by the time. they got there,

10 He .didn'thave time to preparea.speech so he had to give ona ; the

c.uff.

11 Throughoutthe flight he wasvefy much edge, and didn'tstart to

relax until.the plane had landed.

12 L wouldn't like to be .......•........... ,. her shoes when Miss Brown finds out. that she's-lost the exam papers.

13 I'd love to come to. the concert with you butI can't, rill !I.:fraiCl.. I'm ., , ..

my ears in wbr,k this week.

14 It was supposed to. be a surprise present, but Yvonne gave the game ................... -by asking him ifhe'd bought John Fowles' latest novel.

Hi. Playing squashonce a,. week Was his, way 9fletting , .. ,. steam.

l~ The speechwas.so moving that he began to feel a lump his

throat .

.17 You should taste their smoked salmon. Honestly, Paula, it's , this

world!

18 "I think Arsenal are the best footbaU club in Britain."

"Come , '., it! What. about Liverpool, then?"

Choose the colour

Complete the. idioms be/ow with asuitable colour. Choose from the box, (You will need to use some words more than once.)

black blue brown

g!"een grey pink

rEld white yellow

1 In most countries, goodsthatarescarce are usually freely available on the

....... , , mll.rk:et- provided you have the money to pay for them.

2 You can argue with her untilyou!re , in the face,but once she's

made lIP her mind she won'tlisro» to.you, no matter what you say.

3 After several.weeksof'discussions, the group were given the , ...

light, and couldfinally go ahead with the new project;

4 There's no point in asking my boss for a day offnextweek.lim in her .. " ...... , ....... , books at the moment 8.0 she's bOUJ,1,d to say no.

5 She had only recerrtly had hin<:h with her cousin.so the news of his death

carne asa holt frotn the............... .... . .... .. .

6 Although 'We got a lot of nice wedding presents, we also ,got oneor two

................... elephants. .

7 There isa common prejudice that girls who are very beautiful must

automatically be. lacking in , matter - so-called 'dumb blondes',

8 Next Friday is. a -Ietter day for my sister and her husbandt.it's

th.e.ir 25th. wedding anniversary

9 Aftersunbathing for two hours every day, Joanna was as asa

berry.

10 'I'hamanaging director's reference to the forthcoming sales conference-was a .•................... herring. He just wanted to get off the subject of'this month's poor sales figures.

11 She went as ... t •••••••••••••• '" as a sheet when she heard about the accident.

1.2 If'there Was a war, Ldon't think I'd fight. I've gQttoJ~ much of a .. ' 1 ,

streak. I'd be terrified ofgetlmg killed.

13 I'm.sorry, James, I refuse to believe it unless you can show it tome in

t , .. , and !

14 Ever since TOIJl got that huge order with Saudi Arabia he's been the boss's

...... , -eyed bay.

15 Don't mention the present g()vernmeni il}'i'tQrit of my father; it's like 'a, .................... rag to a bull,

16 I was withenvvw h!;lD OW neighbour drove up in a brand-new

17 By the way ,Joyce~ my husband.wastickled , e, at youraskinghim to

judge thfdlower show.

18 For some reason, Swedish films are often synonymous with ....... , ..... , ..... films, which is very strange as there is relatively little pornography in Sweden.

19 Sometimes it is better to tell a , .. lie than to hurt someone's

feelings,

20 My wife alway~ gnesbright " whenever-she ge~s embarrassed.

Newspaper headlines 2 '

Fill in the missing words in the following newspaper headlines. Choose from the]olfowing:, making anychanges that may be necessary. (The words in I:)raclwts !:J(lde.rltach headline $hould help you.)

AT LARGE BROKEN-HEARTED EAT ONE'S Wo.RDS FROM SCRATCH HlJSHMONEY

IN DEEP WATER

IN ONE'S BI~THDAY SUIT

mIS

l SUMMER

(likely, possible)

NEW CD

SUMMIT MEETING

@ IBM EXECUfIVE

,OVER ALLEGED BRIBES

(in trouble)

FAMOUS TVSTAR

AFTER SON'S DEATH 0

IN THE BAG

IN THE BALANCE LAYOFF ONTHEGAE,DS POP THE QUESTION SHELVE

SPILL THE BEANS

. DRUGS ® 'SCANDAL TENNIS STAR VOWS

TO _

(reform)

TOETHELlNE 'TVRNQVERA

NEWLEl\F UNDERWAY

UP TO SCRATCH WHITE PAPER WHOLE-HEARTED

r---~~~~-~"~

CRITICS ®

UNANIMOUS -LATEST LLOYD-WEBBER MUSICAL

NOT

Cup to the usual standard)

r----~--,-----.

LEAD @

SINGER OF IRISH POP GROUP MARGARINE

- .... -~---_,

(makes a proposal of marriage, asks someone to marry him)

BRITISH@ RAIL MAY HAVE TO

1,500 WORKERS

(dismiss temporarily)

NEW® EDUCATION BILL GETS

SUPPORT fROM OPPOSITION

(complete, total)

r-- - - ----------,

PRIME ®

MINISTER FORCEDTQ

(admit he/she waswrong)

SITE FOR @ WINTER OLYMPIC GAMES STILL

(undecided, uncertain)

LOCAL @

COUNCIL

PLANS FOR NEW SPORTS CENTRE

(postpones)

POPSTAR ® APPEARS ON BALCONY

EXMI5 @

AGENT lHREATENS TO

(naked)

r-'-~---~=--> (reveal everything he knows)

RESULTOF @ TOMORROW'S CUP FINAL

(certain)

COLD- @

BLOODED MURDERER" STILL

(free, not caught)

UNION® LEADER PERSUADES MILITANT MEMBERS TO __ ~_

(obey orders, do as they are told)

WORKON@ THE NEW TUNNEL

AT LAST

SHOWS

"THAT ALCOHOLISM AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE IS

ON TIlE INCREASE

LATEST @)

(government report) .

BANKRUPT @ lVlILLIONA1RE SAYS

- HE IS NOT

AFRAID TO START

(right from the beginning again)

POLICE @

OFFICIALS ADMIT TO RECEIVING

(bribes)

· ~':~;=5;!~i;;~'f:

,~. .

"r: ."." . ..' ~'::l\"""

l~;; '.··0

Word association

Each afthe idioms an the left (1-18) Can be associated with one of the words or phrases on the right (a- r). Try to match them up.

1 a bottleneck a a husband
2 a picket line b a party
3 armed to the teeth c a job interview
4 behind bars d leg a trick!
5 break the ice e buying a second-hand car
6 do wonders f too many cars
7 Dutch courage. g an idea
8 henpecked h I can't sing!
9 in a cold sweat on.strike
10 ina flash j authority
11 long-winded k a doctor
12 mind one's p's and q's soldiers
13 on call m a debate
14 on the level n a prisoner
15 out of tune 0 a speech
16 pull the wool over someone's eyes. p going to prison
17 put one's foot down q alcohol
18 take the floor r this medicine Write your answers here:

,' ..

Choose the ldiom 5

Choose the word or phrase WhichpesfcOmfJleles e_ach sentence.

1 He mayh'e!:lhy pow, but he'll soan come nut of'bis when he

meets the right girl.

a. shoe

bshell

eshed

d hole

2 It's true, I ten youlI got it rrom the Mycsisterworks altha

Town H~ll. Shers the on!l'·who made the decisi!)nl ..

a nag's head d lien's.den

p eat'swhiskers

e horse's mouth

3 Just look at the way he gees TOMii giv:ingpeop1e oroeJ"l'!. He's getting a bit

too big for his r , if YOu aslt,m,e. .

a boots

b braces-

d brains

c trousers

4 I'm afraid you'vecaught me on the ,." I wasn't expecting you·

until this afternoqn.

a stove

~. grapevine

c spot

d l:1,op

5 Nagging Susan because she smokes too much has no effect 011 her

whatsoever -it's like water off , .

a a windmill b a duck's back

d an umbrella

~. a dripping tap

a sleeves

G Why don't we have potatoes in their , tonight for a change?

d coats

7 Have.you seen the-new boss? She's the ....... , .. , ........ image of Marilyn

Monr~e. . .

a live

b trlle

c spitting

d. same

8 He's one.of'the.faw composers. We have ill this country.

a budding b blooming q growing d promised

9 Writing rhymes fQr birthday cards is really easy. It's money for old

a rags

b bread

c rope

d l"Ubbish

10 Of course you won't. become moreintelligel).t if:you eat iilQtoffish- that;s

just an old , tale,

a maids'

b Iadies'

c mothers'

d wives'

11 The day after the office party, Jack had a terrible , and couldn't

bear the slightest noise.

a hangover

b conscience

c feeling

d ~nxiety

12 r agree that this is a bit of a shot, but we're. desperate - we

have to desomething to try tosaYe thecQm.pany,

a hot

b 101lg

~ wild

d high

13 We looked in every , and eranny' for the, missing ring ,but we

couldn't find it anywhere. . . .

a nook

b gap

chole

d. niche

14 I like my newjob: the only fly in the ., ........ , ..... , .. is the fact that I haveto Work every other Weekend.

a fat

b porridge

c soup

d ointment.

15 It's a ..... , .. , .......... shame.that 80 littleis done nowadays to. help the homeless in our large cities.

a sweeping

b crying

c dying;

16 My aunt is a bit of a-wet - she's always spoiling everyone's

fun.

a rag

b sheep

e rat

d blanket

17 There were loud from the audience whep the compere

announced that themaingroup Were unable ttl perform because of'tllness.

a outcry

c catcalls

d hoots

18 He.just wanted one , before se~tling down-andgettingmarried-

a final fling

b lastleap

c happy hop

d joyful jump

19 He had a 50ft for his niece and thQroughly spoilt her.

a heart

b way

c smile

d spot

20 Evet'Y,atl.ebosseRttle about at work; I'mnofhingbuta .. ., .

a lame duck b general dogsbody

d marked man

c blue-eyed boy

1Jf-""

Answers

TESTl

1 e' brainy 9 f cheeky
'2,. k nosy 10 m pigheilded
3 0 well off 11 b bedridden
4 h hearties's 12 g hair-raising
5 rt thick 13 c bigheaded
6 p wet behind the ears 14 1 k\lyed up
7 j long in the. tooth 15 I off colour
8 ·3 all thumbs 16 d black and blue aU over 'l'EST2

1 b spiittjng: (The p~1'sonhas. a very painful ()l' severe headache)

2 c beating (Ifyou "beat about-thebush'tyou tend to avoid saying directly what you

m~ . .

3 a off the peg (This is.thecpposite.of being measured up-for a.dress.jacket, etc, Off

the peg clothes usuallycome in standard size.s only).. . .'

4 b chip in (This meansto contribute money - usually to get a present for someone) 5 ~ bucket (To "bucket down" is to. rain veryheavily)

s a hit the rOdf (He got very angry) . .

'7 c nose: (To "pay through. the nbse"for something isto. pay far more fersomething than itis really worth)

8 dteeth '("By the skin of one's teeth" means the person onlyjustcaught the last bus;

he or she almostmissed it) .

9 b a song. (Ifsotnething "goesfor a soi)g"it .is sold. Very cheaply)

1 0 d leg (To "pull someone's leg" is to tease snrneoner .

11 e jumping t1;oetaxi driver pulled away before the traffic l~ghts had changed completely to green; he didn't wait for the traffic lights to change togreen)

broke. (The person doesn't have anymoney) ..

apple . (Her-son was very precrous to her)

butterflies (Thia means you getnervousJ

hotcakes '(They sell very wellor very quickly)

12 a 13 d 14 b '15 c

TE$T3

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

10 11 12 13 14 15 "16. 17 18 Hi 20

at aU costs (Witj1011t fail)

at fault (It is difficult.to know who isto blame')

at the crackbCdawn (Very early) '. . .

at most (The worst or most severe punlshmentwill bea small fine) at a loose end CIfyou have.nothing to do rhis.weekendi

at death's door (Seriously ill; about to die)

at her wits' end (She was in such a state Of anxiety that she didn't know what to do) at a loss (UMble..tbexplain the. sudden fall in share prices)

'at first sight CIt was love from the. first moment theysa w each.other) at a standstil] (The traffic was .not moving)

at sixes and sevens. (Everything is. very confused and muddled!

at least (lfnothingelsel . ..'

l_lt a pinch (Four .ifnecessary, b~t withsome difficulty) at all hourI'. (She is.out all thetlII)el

at best ·(£250 would he, the best price the person could get) at once (lmrrHidiately)

at lo~gel'he~ds . (They are always'quarrelling)

at will CIt can change the colour of itsskinwhenever it wants to) at ~$uch).shol1notice. (With such little advancewarning} .

at random CWithOi:)t choosing carefully or deliberately) .

TEST 4

1 e (Heaasi lyforgets thjpgs) 2 j CThe:person is. depressed)

3 f (She.1ist,ens eagerly to everythi ng ~ even to things that are none of her business)

4. k (He lsvety lively). .

5 b W~(":i:;;n'.tlobt~~~~r::l~_t~~~~Ustop raining)

8 d 9 1

10 llg 12 c

(YOI1 always "clltch~~cold)

(To "lose your tongue» means to$ay nothing- often because ef'shyness or

nervousness) . ... ..

(Help mel

(J ack has always be~n good at gardening) ("Isn't there another job you could do?")

TESTS Across

1 b6~e. (He i~g()ingt()cOrfiplain. t,o you about something) 2 gcnng (I'm Just going to t.he toilet)

6 ,preSSed ir don't have very muohtimej

9 bachelor (A man whohasdacided never to get married)

10 tail (I can't understand it-at.all) .

13 tongue (I know: the word but I can't.quite remember it) lA nerves (It began to irritate her)

15 catch (I tried to attract the waiter'sattention) IS skin (It's verythin] . ..'

1.9 tree' (Map or plan.of.a family'slwwing the.relationshipa between the. varioua memberS

- parents; chiHiren,cousins,.etJ,:.) .

Down

r blood .(He killed her: denb~rate'y and callously; it was planned)

.3 riiglit(A"hight owl" is someone who likes to stay up lateat night) 4: hearing (I'm sJightly deaf)

5 status .. fA possession that $how15 others that you have money or position) 7 bear rShe'svery irritable)

8 flying" (She passed very e'asHtwithgood gr~Q.es) 11 straight (They found it hard not to laugh}

12 second (No, I'll. change my mind and have a shandyinstaad ofabeer) 16 hair (Keepcalm! Don'tge~ angry')

17 make (YQu15houldTCt laugh or makejokes about the. WB:Y he speaks$1)gl1ah1

TEST6 1 f 2 j

a g 4 n 51

6 0

'7 a

:& k 9 e

10 d 11 m 12 b l3! 1'4 C Ip.h

~~hewas feeling depressed, unhappy) (He didn't have muchmoneythismonth) (We decided to hurry)

(We wereexha usted)

(She.got caught in.a long Iineof'ears)

'She. asked me to wait) . . (lpr:Qm'ised not to tell anyoneelse about. it) (Hennds it hard to live.on the moneybe gets)

(ReplaYS everythinginstinctively from memory of 'the tune)

q was teelingslightly ill) " . . ' "

eWe decided to make the time pass more quickly-by going into a pub) (Her name sounds very farnrliar; I've heard her name befqre)

(TheTe wasn't a soundanywhere) . .

(He is very forgetful)

(If you make use of-al] YOUr opportunities; if you act cleverly or shrewdly)

'I'EST7

1 b the grave (It's very quiet) " . .. 2 c rain {He'll be completely well again} 3 a dog (I was vet):' sicM '.

4d a horse IHe's )'el'Y l;ItrOl)g}

5 brake (You're very thirr)

6 b old boots . (It's very tough)

7 11' a sheet (She became. very pale)

8 e a cucumber (He-always remains very calm) 9 b a post (He is deaf:l"ie ciui't heal' a tt:ii!1g) .'

W c chalk from<;.~~~se (They are very c!lffereflt) 11 a ditchwa~r (It was extremely bormg)

12 b ii fiddle" (I feeheryfit.an(jhialthy)

13 c a lamb (He's v~,ry gentle) , . ' ' 1 a h "' ..... 1..1 ITh,,'V.~'ye been vervwe ll behaved)

18 c tile nose on your face ([t's very Ql>vious to everyone)

19 a punch rShe was very pleased), ,

26 b mustard ~We're all verykeen)

TE,S'I;'S
1 drive 11 tell 21 do
2 hold 12 lead 22 kee~
3 hln 1'3, faJl 23 cate
4 put 14, change 24 draw
5 USe 15' work 25 -set
6 bear 16 call 26 lay
7 break 17 chair 27 resist
8 earn 18 'beg 28 waste
9 lose 19 throw 29 play
10 drnp 20 foot 30 pay TEST 9

1 HIGH ANU LOW

2 FQRTHE HIGH JUMP 3 ONTHEDQLE

4, GETS COLD FEET 5 GET THE CHOP

6 NECK AND NECK

7 WORK TO RULE 8 BLACKQUT

9 A FLASH IN THE PAN 10 MAKE A PLYING VISIT

11 FROSTY "

12 GETSQUT OF HAND 13 ALL THE RAGE

H CAUGHT IN THE ACT 15, MAKE A C;OMEBACK 16 COME INTO FORCE

TEST l()

1 True

2 False (Ifscmeone isi'btuwhed off", he or she is feeling fedupor'bored) J 'I'rue (A'dog' that.i$ "house-trained=goes outto empty its bowels)

4 True

5 False (A "light-fingered" '!lcrson is someone who often steals thing~) 6 False '(Mostpeople\vouldn't like to becalled=proud" or "conceited") 7 True

8 True

9 False (It means to produce favourable results e.g. a project, idea)

10 True (It means my cousin di ed) -

11 False (To "drop off" is to fall asleep) .

12 False (To "live in an ivory tower" is to isolate yourselffrom the rest of the world; to cut

yourselfoff from-everyday problems)

'L3 True' .

i4 True (They don't usually take anyrisks) 15 True (You can hitch-hike). .'

16 False (Very few people would liketo be tricked or deceivedby someone)

. :.;.~.-._ !i ;,

TE~11
1 e. capital punishment 7 k a gatecrasher
:2 I a nightcap ,1:1 0 a!)nag
:3 f a catnap 9 h adowuEour
4 j a flash in the pan 10 c: a blackleg
5' n a.scapegoat 11 m red tape
6 it a bighead 12 d 13 g

14 P 15 1 i6 b

a brainwave a godsend

a wild goose chase an eyesore

a black spot

TEST 12

1 .cclos,e (A n~mber ofnarrowe~cape's - the. person has almost had an aceident on several. occasions)

2 I:> a bee (He was-obsessed With the idea that eating fried meat caused cancer} 3.a a brick . (To "drop-a brick" is to do 01' S:aY somethjirgwhieh.istactless or which

causes embarrassment) ..

4 d trumPet (He is alwaysbol,lStin~)

5 .):, fuoth and nail (He fiiught percely)

13 a a r.at (To '!s:mella~3:t" i~ to becQlYI.es\,spicious; to .suspeet that something is wrong) 7 d daggers (She gave the shop aSslstantan angry look;.'sheJookedangr:ilyattlie

I>ho~ as!!.i}l~a1}t) . _ <T._ ".,~ ~"_.'.'. " . . .

11 d
1~ b
13 d
14 b
15 d bold water (Theratiomi.le of the argumentisn'tadequate) . . ..

last I!Jtra.w (The final problem ordiffieuljym a series ofproblems'wbich,in:thIs c~se; led to the pe.rson q~ttin!r his/her job)

flies (He easily loses his temper)

01) my plate (I havefartoo much work to do at the-moment) in 4 nutshell (Briefly)

TEST 13

6 7 8 9 10

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

l~j:ldth.~n~) .in ~ommon (They do not share e.g. hobbies, interests, taste in music, etc.) 2 In varn (Wlthout·success)

3 in stock (Available-fer sale)

4. in succession (Threeconsecutiveyears without abrsake.g. 1988, 1.989, ni~(l)

5 in turns (They sharedthe coffee making equally.each person doing it on a particular

day). ., . . .

In the dark (We are not.baing told; itisbeing kept secret) in the nick of time (At the laslP9Bsillle moment)

in the limelight (The focus of attention)

in charge. of . (Responsible for)

in the red (I s.till owe the.bank money)

In.season (The tj!TIe when plants-and fruit-are normally ripe) in due course {l\t SOme future datel

inarut (In a jobor way of'life. which is boring and which has no prospects of change).

.in tune (Sounds at the correctpitch; soundingwell together) ..

In shqrt (Briefl)\; in a few words)

in favour-of (Who supportcapital punishment) ~nl;a:sh(Ready money-as opposed to a oheq~e or a ~reditcayd) In.the long run (In the end; over a long period of time)

inone ear andoutthe.other (She never listens to anything you say toher)

in theory (The opposite of "in practice"; an idea which seems fine on pllpi;lr R1i:1Y not

necessarily work out in practice}' ..

TEST 14

1 fell head over heels in love 2 the short list' . . .

3 in myshoes

4hi:1 ve aleg to stand on

S Iaughing his/her head off 6 pulling-a few strings

7 bring the house down $ptdl yourself together ~gi:ve itagaod hiding

1 o j.ell meoff

11 sleep like. alog

12 get.a word in edgeways

13 put ittoaleep ,

14 stri~e while the it()nishot 15 give me a ring

16· down in the mouth J 7 stand in your way 18 A vicious-circle .

TESTIS

18hewasso beautifulthat I couldn't take my eyes off'her. 2 Winning thatprize has goneto his head. '.

,3 When he WaS a child; he loved taktng.things to pieJ::e$ - 'tosee how they worked, 4 I do wish you'd stop biting YOJ,lr nails.Brian! It really gets on my nerves.

5 Engl ish people .ingeneral don't like making a fuss in public, '. .

6 Could you keep an eye on my handbagfor me while 1 go to the toilet? 7 She's not really upset-she's only puttingon an act.

8 We're moving to Br'istol next week but we promiseto keep in touch. ...

9 You putyour foot. in it when you asked him where. his: wife was. Didn't you real11!C'ahe

was dead? .

10 I hate thewinter > i.t.rellUy.getsrrle down.

11 It Wi:1S hard to keep .astraigh t face when she started tosi~g.

12 Many h usbands often take their wives for gtan ted; and vlce.versa·. ....

13 Lhappen to know the manager of the firm yw'veapplied to foraj.ob. I can putm a gooP. word for you.Jf you Iike,

14. "All this tookplace.a long, long time-ago," said the history teacher to the clasa, 15 Many people nowadays find it increasingly difficult to make' (both) ends meet.

TEST 16 Across.

.o::t rnn-ll,nt.s:i-in

rvO,.'!TP exa ",,,,,,rati:nf!' the imvortance of'sorneth ingt you're making asmall

7 keep (So as not to forget.how to teach) 8cIVW (If you trav(!J in a.straight line) 9 hand ('A big round of applause)

10 business (Don'tinterfer~ih things. that don't concern you) ." 1'4 tongue (A "slip of the tongue" is a careless mistake you make when speaking) 15cqlIar (He gj"lta,ngry, upset or embarrassed)

16 flies (Time passes very quickly)

18 hite(There'sno need to lose your temper with me; to shout at me)'

"Down

1 . soaked (We were very wet) .

2 figures (He.is Very gocd.atmathematics, especiallyarirhmeticl 4. handy (Itmight be usefulin the future)

5he.eIs (To fall madly in love)

10 blue (The letter arrived unexpectedly}

U silver (He Was born into. a richfamily) .

12 stick <you've misunderstoodme completely}. ..

13. inside (Someone who worked at the bank had' helped to plan and carry out the

. robbery)" . -.

16 fire (They getonteally 'well together) 1 Tswi[l.g (It'svery small)'

TEST 17

4 k 5 n 6 a 7 I 8 f 9 d

10 h 11 0

12

13 c 14 g 15 b

1 e (He was caught as he was. committing the crime)

2 j(She was-disrnissedfrcm her job) , ,

3 m {"Many Hap,PY Returns'l.is the most commtm wayof congratulating soiDe.Oneon

hjs/her birthday} . . . ". . '., .' ~

(She is very clumsy and will probably break the cul?~, plates, etC;~ (l\fy visits are very infrequent)

(He wasgoing bald) ..

(NoonE! else was able to say a word bocausche talked S9 much) «(J sed. to describe someone who is in a bad mood)

(Y ou'd better makeagreater effort')

(Let's-stop quarrel'ling with one anothE!r), . ,(He spoke ina husky'yoice.beeause of a small.amount of'mucus lodged in):lis throat)

(We:dori't agree with one another) . . .., (He spoke without notes or withoutpreparingthe speech beforehand)

(He wasextrerrfely timid).' .

(Lgot into trouble)

TESTI8

1 I wouldn't believe everythingcompletely: I'd assumeonly part.of what- he says is true. 2 .It has been a tremendous success in NeVI York'.

3 I found it diffieult not to say something; ti? remain silent.

4 l told himldidn't want any money back, that he Could have the 50p change as a tip.

5 {twill stop her from worry.ing or beihg·amdous.. .

!i You can see who makes the decisions; you Can see which person in the relationship is

'thedominant, one,

7 Hiscar is so damagedthatit cannot be repairedand used again.

8 An alcoholic dririk taken before going to bed. ..

9 'I'he.bookisnot available as all copies of it have been sold and it is notbeing reprinted by the oziginal publisher.

10 ,I only started liking them after trying them.for-some time. (It is something one must

learn to Iike.)

11 1 think we ought tostup working.

12 Listen very carefully to what I am. saying. rs J got ltv.ery cheaply.

14 How couldyou breakyourpromise?

15 We'terelying on Y';luto be in charge ofthing:¥to J{}()kaftE!t things until We get hack,

TEST 19

1 e (A "short cut" rs a: shorterway than usual)

:2 k (It?smyjoJ:,tomakeyoug(jaway} '.

'3' h '(Why don't you behave in an adult and mature manr,ter?) "4 II "IRA. told meto relax: n.Qt.Jo worryabo.lIt·hrohlpm.,,' .

8 j
9 f
1(J b.
11 d
12 (Is it noticeablet)

(A «white lie" is an unimportant lie ~ often told 80 as not to. hurl another person's

~liq~ .. . .

Q picked up her wig accidentally)

me's ve~ tame; n,ot. at all aggressive)

(He's been very g()Qd; he's behaved extremely well)

TEiST20

1 goose (It real'ly put an end to his-plans, hopes) 2 cat (My mother told everyone thesecret)'

3 horse (You're wasting your time)

4 donkey (It's-a very long time since I last sawher)

S dogs . (Harold no longer takes earo of himself; his appearance etc. has deteriorated) 6 gqat (What makes me angry; what lJ,lJ.IWYS me)

7 l:Iird~ (I decided to make use of one occasion to do two things)

8 hull <He decided to take the.bold step immediately of.asking herto marry him)

9 ¢t)ws. (She could watch it for long period" of'time.without getting. bored) , . .

10 fish (There a.re plenty of other pe.ople f?r.yo. u :to.m. ee. tll:nd .ha:ve:are!ationship with.

Used. to try to comfort someone who hasjust lost.a boyfriend or-gtrlfriend)

11 pig (He ate far too much) ..

12 crocodile (Her-tears are not-real)

13 Ilo:Q. (He and. his sister got the Iargest.ehare)

1.4r~t(The «rat r,ace" isthe eonstant.struggle f~l' success in business dt in one's job, etc.)

15 kittens (They regomg to bema state of pam c) . .

II) stag (A "stag party" is given when a mati about to get married has a patty for his

male friends) . .

TEST 21

1 False (A "tight-fisted" person doesn't like spending money) 2 True

3 False (Itis.acomplimeat, It means someone thinks you are a kind-hearted, generous person)

4 False· (It has something to do with a wedding. Itis.when you announce a forthcoming

marriage publicly in church) .

Ii 'I'rue (A "hen patty" is given whena womanabout.to.get married ha" a partyforher

female friendsj '

6 False (It IS to'listen deliberately to a private conversation. To "overhear" is-to listen

accidentallytoa private conversation) ... .

7 False (It means to bribe someone; to pay someone for favours

8 True

9 True

10 False (Itmeans.to trick or deoeivesomeone) 11 True

12 False (It means it W(l;S very successful)

13 False (It means to have very little chance of getting the job)

14 True (A "windfall" is an unexpected gift crsumef'money) .. .

15 False (A. thi~k-skinn¢dper~n is someone who is very inseIlSitive to.criti«:i8J;Q;

who 1·8 not easily offended) .

16 True (He ignored it)

TEST 22'

1 f grey matter

2 i a piece of'eake 3 r 9.h.opli:fting

4 0 a tall story

5 a a blessing in disguise 6 p a white-collar worker

7 j. a practicaljoke . .

8 b a blue-coHir worker

9 n 10 gIl c 12 k 13 h 14 d l1i m 16 e

astorm ina teacup .a nest-egg . a.dead-endjob

a red-letter day

.a. ,pain in. t. he neck elb(')w grease

a shot in the dark a false alarm

TEST 23

1 b offhi$ bead eT.hEl person must be ~razy) . , .. .. h .

2 c clocked in. (l'o. "clockin" is to place a card In a.machine tQ register the tlmew. en·

12 b 13 d 14 b

c sleep o~ it (I'd like to thinkaboutit for a whilebefore I give you my decision) if off the-record .... {It is unofficial; it is' not for publication} .

arlltty Hnjtab1eJ. . , c .hIlDl:l~nglove(The police ~re workingvary closely with the Football Association) d cup of tea (They are not things that I hke)'

b golden hundahake (A large payment given to!lollleohii leaving a companyer

organisation) .

daath warmed up (He looked terrible) hang (She BOon got used to using itt mind (He is worried about something)

6 7 8 9

10 11

TE'ST24

i on the shelf (Unlllarried,and with.no prospects, of getting married) 2 on the house (Free)

3 on prinCiple '. (As a matter ofprinciple because of her fixed beliefs in.soeialismj 4 onthe.dot (At 9 o'clock exactly) ..

5 on.acoount.of 03!)caul$eof;-due to)

6 on the spur of the momentrWilhout planning beforehand; impulsively} 7 on ·aver'age (Most teachers earn about £1,000 a month)

8 on the rocks (The company. will soou.hebankruptl i

9 on the-whole (Overall, genf\raUy) . If

10 on-and off {lrrf;)gularly;fromtim,eto time)

11 on yourtQes (A1f\rt; ready to act)

12 on the carpet .(Toldoff; reprimanded by one's bos~). ..

13 on the other hand ("Oil the one hand.". on th~,other",'Uaed toemphasise the ..

contras« betw\len two opypsite statf\lrJ,~nts} 14 ori boaro(AS soon as {step onto the boat) 15 on the tun (~leeiilgfroII1 the' police)

16 on call (AyijJ lable [{lr duty t

17 on tenteI'Pook.s (N ery nervous; be in a st,a,te of nervousSUBPEl~)

16 oJitAe contrary (U sed to contradict what has been said, Thetriith is the opposite of

what has been-said) .

19 onthe cards (Possibl¢; likely)

20 on purpose. CYOI,l did it deliberately)

TEST 25

10 d 11 b 12 c 13 d 14 a l5 b 16 c 17 b 18 c l~ a 20 b

1 c a bell (He had a very dear voice)

.2 b a daisy (He woke: up feeling. very refreshed)

3 a nails (He's very hard and ruthless; he doesn't have much.feehng forotherpsople)

4 b lead (It's very heavy) .

5 d large." (Used to show-that youeawsomeone you didn't expect to.see)

6 a a mule (He'svery stubborn) . .

7c ajudge (I'm eompletelysoberj

8 b a rock (1 t's very steady)

.9 a thieves . CTh,¢y were veryfriendly witheach other arid spent a great deal of their tim(! tog!)ther.) . . .

.a beetroot (I always blush)

houses (It'scompletely safe)

a ]Pg (Sheslept sv.undfy)

·abO.,8e CHe eats a ~ot)'

a cbiJ:Une;y(She smoked II: 100

a glove ~ltfitsperfectlj) .. '8sieve (He's; got a: very bad memory) ton (He'll bevery angry)

a house on fire, . (They got onreally well together; ~ey beeatnegre.t'mends) wild~re .. (TheMws spr.ea.d very qukklr)' . .. . a leaf (She was trembling)

1'EST26 YamtyJCi:mceit

bigheade:d. (Vain, c:onceited') stuck- u,p (Proud, conceited)

too big for ,One's.boots(Having too ~~gh all opinion of oJ;l(!$li) Urrhappdness

..... -'------ _.J _Lr l-.:;t';.;;..] •• _ • .l~~~":'''''''''''''''..:I).

Money .

feather one's nest (Make oneself'rich in ajob - usually in a dishonest or illegal way) keep .one's.head above water (Keep out of'debt: avoid moneyproblemsl

ona ~hoestring (On a very small budget)

Fear

hair-raising (Frightening; causing a state of fear or panic)

have one's heart-in one'smouth tBe.vety ruraid) .

put the wind up someone (Frighten someone)

Anxi'etyJWorry

have something on one's mind (Be worried about something) keyed up (Be tenseornervous) .

on. tenterhooks {Be nervous; be in a state of nervoussuspense)

-nI-health

feel under the weather. (Feel slightly ill) off colour (Lookslightly unwell)' . out ofsorts me slightly ill}

Alcohol

Dutch courage (Courage obtained by drinking alcohol)

see pink elephants, ('I'D be drunk; to have far too much to drink) tipSy (Slightly drunk)

Anger

fly eff thehandle (Loseone'stemper; become.angry) go off the deep eml.. (Lose ones temper; become angry) seered (Lose one's temper; become.angry) .

DisB.~ment"Al'g\lIne1it

atloggexheads(AhvE!Ys quarrelling)

have a bone topick with someone (To complain to someone about 8Qmething; have a reason to quarrel with s4m.emie)

have words. (Have an argument)

Age ..

getti~g onin years (Growing old) longm the tooth (Be old)

past one's prime (past one's best years; starting to grow old)

TEST 27 AcrO.as

311ame (n~isb:ec<lmin.g fam<l\J.%)

4 water (They are not logical or reliable when tested) 5 stone (It's very difficult; it's almost impossible) ...

7 foggi(lst (I have noidea) .

11 break (To a-how neither profit nor loss)

12 dogs (To "let sleeping dogalie" is to avoid mentioning a subject which could cause

trouble)

15. ddnkey(Allthe hard, real work)

16 head (Go to a higher authority than the Person you are talking 0) 17 short (I don't have much money this month)

19 minds (I'm undecided)

Down

1 stiff (For not showing their feelings - especially when in trouble)

·2 point. (Reach the most important thing you want to say-; reach the main point

in a discussion) '.' . .

3 never (It isbetterto arrive late than not to ~rtive.atam

6 chip (Have a grudge about.somethingtfeel bitter aboutsQme.thing)

8. once (For the lasttime) .'

9 shoulder (She ignored me completely) . . .. .'

10 looks tHe got some angry and disapproving 10oksfromtheOthetpassengers) 13 sheep (The'dlsl'eputable rn"em her of thi:! fllmily; ;a.family wem1?er<wh? has done something to make the othermembers oftj-H~.fa:mnyfeJ;!la.$hamed of him/her) 14p&s.sed (Died)

18 thick ~Insensitiye to criticism; who is not easi ly offended)

TEST 28

1 b~lJ-d!l (H~Jo,und himself-with lotsof'freetirne) _ ., ... ". ' '

2 slotna:cb(You need t:d be .. ahle tosee blood, deadbodies, etc. wl~houtfeelmg SIck) 3 chee'" (nerve). .(He: then dared to complain about his hreakfastbelng cold)

7 brains JOoyou mind if'Ltalk to you in order to get inf'orrnationto useJormy essay?) 8 ,n(lrve (He became mg4tene!l and could no longer climbmoUJl,qij,ns)

9 !lrIn!;iCfheviewers were very angry)'

10 finger (I can'.tsay exactly what is wrong)

11 blood (It makes me very angry) .,

12 hair (Keep calm! DC)n't panicD . . '.'

13 chest (Whe!'i youget a problem off your-chest, you tell someone elseabqut-it) 14 breast (She decided to confess)

15 heart (Shetakes every critiCismpersonaUy). ..' . . '.

16 bones (I can feel it.st:iimglYi .lam quite sure.tnere iagoing iobetroublealtnough I cannot explain why)

17 foot (Our relationship gas started badly)

18 mouth. (To "put words lntosomeone'srnouth'tisto pretend that someonehassaid

something that he or she has not actually said). .

TEST 29

[.It, is better to be honest than to try to decei ve people, 13y heing honest You gain trw lasting'trust\}fother~)

CIt is. better to do something after a delay rather than not do it at all; it is bettef''td arrive late rather thannotarri ve at all) .. (Some.onll who isq;Jiet and says vetyhttleoftenhide8 deep f®lings 9r alotlJf knowledge.on a subject)

(W!!judge a person by what he or she does rather than by what that person says-he or she. will do)

(When you try to dosomethingina hurry.rthere is.a tendency to make careless. mistakesand, consequently,tp takeeven 19nger to do the'particular task than if

you.had not tried tohurry in thefirst place)

{A foolish person spends-his QF her money without thought and iS$oon penniless. It is also very easy to persuade a foolish person to spend his or- her money On

rvorthless and.unnecessary ~hings} '.' . - .

(When something difficult endsh,;:rppily or satjsfact()rily,thefe: is no.need to

complain or be disappointed about thetrouble it may have caused) .'

~S6me6ne who is constantly ()hanging his.or het job or moving from place to place

will never become rich or s\rccessfuH' -

(By acting quickly at an early stage, you may b:e able to prevent serioustroublein the fttture.l

(N ever be too optimistic a bout scmethingcdon't believe or expect that victoryor

t>uccess"isCet~alil"untilit actually hAppens) .... .

(Choose the right moment to aet, ~ the time when you are most likely to-sueeeed; take advantage of'asudden.opportunityl

(Don't do anything or say anything that will-stir' Up unnecessary trouble; don't look

for trouble.on purpose;).. _

(N ever act hastily , Consider carefully What. you are going to de-before you do it)

'(If you have been cheated or deceived oneue.oecaeion by sprn.eone or something-you will beverycareful when you meet that person or thing again)'

(Always tty to' take.advantage dffavbura'bh;: Circumstances. Also, have a good time

whilq one~cail)' . . ..-

(A.jQh cannot be done prQperly [fit is done too Quickly, This phrllseis also often used as an excuse for delay)

10 n

11 m

12 d

13 i4 c

15 e

16 g.

TEST 30

19 2 k 3 a 4 h 50 0: 1 '1 b 8n

1 f
2 h
3 k
4 p
5 a 7

8 b

9 0

do time havea.good time

be an oldhand. atsomething get one's own back

·makea scene gjvespmeQJ)e:aJ:>]ack look be out of.pocket' -" .

kcepnn one's toes

9 e 10 m 11 c 12 f 13 P 14 d 15 I 16 j

come to ahead hold one's horses break one's word come to light. put one's feet up

pring something to mind have one's hands full give someone the-slip

TEST 31

1. c do ("Do nicely'tnreans tha.t if would be very suitable) 2 d down at heel (l:iqlopked: very dirty andpoor)

3 a fist .. (,lfe's been maki~!f;a I'ot ofmoney very-quickly andsasilyj

4. b prac;.h8.~. (Wi'! ~~~~~t pLay;ep,e.n();ugh tennis) .

7 b 'tiP (1 could almost remember her name, but not quite)

8 c :i~side out (The.insideoffhejumper was on the outside)

9 d ltit the .nail on the head. lY ou'vesaid exactly the right thing) 10 b ijn,geni. [I hope you will be lucky)

ila. spilt (Wsi'lO use beingsorry about something that.hashappened andthatcannot

bechanged) . . .. . .

113~ b in prin,t (He always wall ted to write and'get his.work publishedi

da lulir's~readth (He or she only harrowly mis~ hitting t1w Ped!!BtJiari)

14 c sore (A "sigllt for-sere eyes"'iss6mething orsomeone thatyou are pleased to see) 15i!: chin (Don't be discouraged;be brave) . ..

TEST 32

(How·much do we owe the bank?)

(I'm going to have a r~allygood time, e'.g, \?y going to bats, nightclubs,etd

(It is.n't working properly) , . ....

(The minimumnumper of ~ta£f thatcani'un flDoffice 01' a facwry)

(I've been falsifying-the firm's aecounts.J'vebeen embezzling the firm's money)' fWho~sjila Bad mood this IDorping?)

(You're dismissed; you've lost your' job)

(I'm terrified, very frigMenEld of the thought of retirement) cr think.someone wants us to hurry up)

(Lotil of men are going bald}

(Don't tell anyone else about this)

COfc,our$e 'shEl;s nervous)

1 k
:2 h
3
4
5 a
6' 1
7 c
8 t
9 d
10 g
11 e
12 b TESTa3

8 9 10 il 12 13 14 15 16 17 i8 il} 20

1 fo.f a change (As a chaugefrom what we-usually do)

2 off the heaten track. (Out"Qf:fhe.way;'away fromtQwns, village,,; in a lonelY place} 3 out of breath (Unabletobreathe easify because of running, Working: hard, etc.) .' 4 by no. means (It is.not at all unusual)

5 out of'hand (Thedemonstnltion gotput of cantrall 6 for thetime-being tForthe moment; telIlPttari1y)

7 by h'an,'d , (People make them individually, rather' than being mass-produced.by

machines) .

oftduty JWhen she stopped work)

By the way Ilnciderrtaily. Usedt6 introducea8Ubject)

out oftulic{T)lenotes.,dQ'n:tsoulldright; the pitbhi,s. incorrect)

o.ff the top of hish~ad (Wi th(jut preparing' beforehand; spontaneously) by f!lr (ColIlpared 'to all the oth~rs; bya large marg'in)'

out of bounds (They wereforbidden to go inside the fish and chip shop} offand on (From time.to tims; periodically)

for-good U shallleave this country and never come back.again) out ofthe question JIt'~ quite impossible)

by chan.ce (lJnintentjoJ.lally; unexpectedly)

fOl" short (Ben ,is a short form of Benjamin) , ,

for the high.jump (Mr Wilsorr's going to be punished) by heart (To'lllejnori?e them)

TE&T.3.t

1 f (YO\1c tend t()fiie!rriote affection for someonewhen you have beenaway from him pr her for a while)'

(Yo~ cannot really judge a person by looks.aione. PhysiCal beauty may hide a very

ugly nature.for.inatanee) . .....,

(Those ;l';h()'arrive'firntWm be sety:edpI' de,J.Itwith firati.thoEle: who-arrive early get a better choice)

(When the person in authority is away, e.g, the boss, those under him can do as

they like - espetiallymishehave in some way), ,...

5 o (1fwet¢Cei"enon¢~sabQut 'lOlD.'eo'ttfOlor sqmething: we arsinterested Ill; then we.

can assume that nothing bad has happened) .'

6 c (whether you miss your obj scti ve bya harrow' margin ora wige margin, you have

EltiU fal1e~r . .. , .' , . .' .... . ." . ." ..

7 (Ifsomeone has done something kind or he,lJ?ful to you, you :;-hauld ~xpresSYQ.ur: grathude. f.)Yd9ing something kipd Qr ,he}pfl,ll te him or her In retum),

:8 a (It is. batterto be oontent.with something yQU are alreaqy sure of gettIng than to. i':"_-..;. :;,.;....t.:..~"',;---4'_~.~ ..... iY t-"" a~t ~cimp_t.hin_I'T betterlater on)

2 j
.3 rn
4 k 10 b
11 n
12 !:)
13 h
14 P
15 d
16 (you sheuldhelpyenr own family QI' people.in your-own country before you "slp I)thets)

(The mote. often you do something the.bettef you become alit; only by doing somethingagainand again can you become really ptl'lficientJ'

(When YO\1 ate faced with a very difficult problem you wi.1l USe '~Uyourskmilnd energy in trying to-solve or overcomeit; when we need something so much that We cannot do-without it, we.are forced into. finding a way of getting it)

.<A new boss IS likely to make changesto try to improve the efficiency of the

company he or-she :is now in charge of\. .

(Thething~t.ha.t,one person' likes ate not necessari ly those. liked by someone else;

different people like different things). ." '. '. .' , ... '

(If too.manypsople try to do ajobor :;ictivity atthe same time,it will probably go wrong orbe spoilt-en damaged) . . . \When'a RersonisrealIYdeterminedto do something, then no matter how difficult it may be, he or she will try to find a way of doiri& itl

TE.8T35

1 False' ("Qncein a blue.moon" means very rarely)" 2 True

3 True

4 False. (It should be "second-hand") 5 True

6 True

7 False (An "old maid" is a woman Who has never got married} 8 False (Ifhe is "pushing up daisies", he's-dead)

9 True

10 False (You would not usually feel proud if'you were dismissedfrom your job)

11 False (He might eat like.a horse, perhaps. To "eat your heart out't.meanato be very

sad or distressed about.sometbing: to wOrty'extessi"ely}

12 True .(Theyare two of the extraadvantagesyou.get orr topofyourregularsalary)' 13 True (We atebaked P9tatoe~1

14 False (If'youare "in the.doghouse" you Ill'€; being treated in an unfriendlyway; usually.because you have offended that person in some' way, It is often-used with couples, the hushand'orwiferbeiug in the doghousefor one-reason or a~Cl~hed . 15 Tru!'! ~The book is damaged; the corners ofthe pages al'e, bent down with use)

l6 False (A"weedy"person IS someone who is verythinand wea:k·lookihg)

TEST 36

.1 GWe,me a ti.ng tfyou feel like gQlytg 0\1t for a meal one 9"S next-week. .'. c. '.

2 Thatwasn't whatI meant Il.t<lll' Y ou'vegot hO,ld of tile wrong end of the stick as usual! 3 We can take out time; the play doesn't-start until 7,30.

4 The fact that the President had-been a drug addict didn'tcometo lightuntil several

years after hif'..death..

·5 I IDllY nut comefirst in the race, but I'll do mv'best not-to come last.

6 My husband.has football all the brain; it's the only thing hetninksauout.

7 We're organising ageing-away party for Sueon. Saturday ., But keep it quiet as it's

supposed t()b¢ a surprise. . . .... .

'8 If things go wrong, Jame'\, whatever-you do, don't Ioseycur head,

9 More than 1,000 runners took part in this year's Manchester marathon.

10 The.wayhe took everything she did forgriil1ted really put her back up. . .' 11 Theper;:,onnel offiCer gave ,him.) her :word that she W(Juldn'tw,n.aMon~. that he had

beeninprison.

12 We'd getthejobfinished much quicker.if everyone pulled his/her weight.

13 Ifyoudon'(like.the idea then.just say so. Lbelieve you should calla.spadeaspade. 14 My father'.:; goiI)'g tog!? up: the waH when he fmds out that I've lost ~he <:ar keY$. 15 Don't-take any notice of what hesays: he's op,jy tryingtoannoy you.

TEST 37 Acrhss .i fuss

6 criticising 7 decide

$ mean geJi:hilusted

-~~.~~+

Ifj .di-sappointed 18' relax

22 dl:Ilih.erately 23 infrequent " 25 'irrelevant q-¢ r,:,;,""':J,:.4 ........ _ .... ,;.l

Down

'2 . unemployed .3 freed

4 Inexperienced ShJ:1n'¢st

10 intelligent

"1 l-",'r.-'-r-,;,·

15 17 Hi 20' 2t

·q-A

wasted useless ,p~y progress dfsagree

TEST ,38

1 sharp (Using words that are intert~ed to.hurt the person you are-speaking to)

2 foregone (Theresultcould llepreqIct¢<j inadvance) "

3 unwritten (A code qfbeh!lviourwhi!llleveryonelQlow~ about and obeys) 4, weak (Shewasn't'very good at spelling)

5 naked (Withou:t.bitiOc:ulars op a telescope) ,','

B dark (A person whose true abilities I,U"e unknown but-may be better than is-generally

tl)qught!

7 practical" (A trick (Hayed uponsomeona, often to make the person Iooksifly)

8 sore fA-supjee!. whichupsets or .mnDYs him), , , '

I} fair (She will deal with you fairly and heneetly)

10 conflemed (He has decidedneverto get married]

11 tall (A story that is so. incredible that it is difficult to believe itis-true)

12 hot (A direct; telephone link) , , '

13 wishful (Wanting$QIDethingtD betrue that can never liej

14 bated (They held their breath as they-waited; nervously ,{Clr the, re!lu}ts} 15 broad {When it was light)

16 rough" (Approximately 300)

17 pet (One of the, things he hated most). 18ft~t ¥My ~ar had a puncture)

19 golden (An excellent opportunity) 20 square {The first proper.rneal) '

a 6
b 11
I,:: 16
d 13
e 7
f 1
t 10
9
i 4
j 5
k 14
1 2-
m 15
n 3
o 12
p 8 TEST 39

(who. has been caught doing something wrong - often illegal) (who has been-narrowly beaten, ina.race)

tWho has justgone to bep)

f who has Said when ·he/she is getting, married) (who. is working when others araenstrrke) (who is old-fashioned)

.(who is re;,llly ~mjoying.him$elf/herself) !who is in the public eye'

(who. is doing exerCises)

(who is it thief) ,

(who is Working)

(who is not very fit)

hvho is putting UI'!'withhardships; who is doing without modern conveniences}

(whO is extremelybnsy) ,

(who is doingsomething to impress (ltbel's lind to show how good he/she is) Lwhq i!j running away}

TEST '4'(1,

1 shoUlt:iers ,Wu~h gen(W than the-others) 2 sweet (Very short and to the pOint)

3 large. (On the whole; generally speaking)

4 thu:tn~s (He1s,verydull18Y)', , 5 soul. (She was the person who made the party lively) 6 square (Fairly)

7 about, (Recovered and out-of'bed) JI void {Invalid; not legally binding) 9' bull (A story tha]; isn't, true)

1.0 sound fSafeand unharmed) ,

11 thin, (They promised 'to standby each other whatever happened) 12, tea.r, {It gets a lot of usa; peoplew1j.lk nn ita lot}

13 plood, (Family member; relahvf:,l

i4 take, (Compromise)

15 span (Clean and tidy)

16 fast (Very strict) , , ,

17 :Ilail (f'igh~ or apg]le fiercely) , " ' , " ,'. ' " "

is frQnt (The front of thejumperwas at the back and the back of theJumperwas at the

frOnt). , ,

19 cpqs (Advantages and disa:dva,htage~) " , ',' '

20 tired (Really fedupwlth haaringabout his chil4ren;J don't want to hear about hIS children any more)

TEST 41

1 f 2 0. 3 k 4. g .5 n 6 i

egg someone on pullone's.seeks up

live. from hand to 111!Jueh

hear something on the gt;a.pevine' pick holes in something,

jump out Of the frying pan and into the. fire

butter someone up lOBe one's temper

9 d call someone'sbluff 10 I Ioseface

11 a bark up. the wrong tree

12 p rub someone up the wrong way 13 h jump. down someone's throat 14 b bide one's time. .

15 j lend someone a hand

is e cut someone dead

7 c 8 In

TEST 42 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8, 9

10

11 12 1'3 14 15 16 17 18

on (Myhouse isht!rning.). '

under (Shsmakes an the decisions: she Is-thedominant partner in 'themarrjags)' 'at (Tf;!u hours-without stopping}

toi behind (Tell me directly. I hate people who do things secretly) on (She-never dees. it, because. she doesn't believe In tipping') , .

Between (What I am-saying is 'in.stnict confidence) ,. .

At (If we-contirmeatthe same speed it'll \1e Christmas before it'sfinished) for (Nothing would make me part with it)

iti (The party was already' very-lively w hen they gotthere}

off (Hehad to give a speech completely unprepared; he. had. iP' give an.impromptu

speech) . . .

on CBe was tense; nervous}

in II wouldn'tTiketo be her)

up to (I have fartoo much workto do) away (Yvonnerevealed the-secret) off KGettin~ rid, of'hia aggressions)

in (He faltlike crying)

Qataf . nt's really tasty)

off (Don't talk nonsense! That's rubbishl)

TEST 43

I black (The illegal market}

.~ blue (It doesn't matter what yousayto her, she won't Hstento you)

:3 green (They were. given perrmssiorrtogn ahead With the riewproject) 4. black . (Not very populanwith her at the moment)

5 blue (The newscame very suddenly and unexpectedly).

:6 white. (Useless, :eXpensive presents) . .. .

7 grl;lY. (Lacking in intelligence)

'Sred fA very important day for my sister and her husband) 9 broWn (Shewas very sun-tanned)

10 red~(An'attenipt to draw attention away from this month's poor sales figures) 11 white. (She went 'very pale)

12 yeUow (I'm tqo much ora coward) 1'3 black; white tIn writing] .

14 blU,e (He's been the. boss's favourite) 15 red \It makes hirn very angry)

16' green (Jwas very envious).

17 pinlt (He was really pleased)

18 blue (Pornographiefilms) . . .'

19 white (An unimportant lie, usually SO as not to hurt somecne'sfeelings) 20 .. ed (She always blushes when. she gets embarrassed)

TEST 44

1 ON THE CARDS

2; TUij,N OVERA NEW

LEAF

3 UP TO SCRATCH 10

<1 INDEEPW~TER ." 11

5 POPS THE Ql:IESTIQN 12

6 LAYOFF 13

7 BROKEN.HEAIlTED 14

S WHOLE-HEARTED 15

9 INRIS/HER 16

BIRTHDA Y SUIT. 17

SPiLLn!E BEANs 18

EA'rHISIHER WORDS 19 INTHEBAG 20 WHITE PAPER ATLARQE

IN TREBt-LANCE SHELVES

TOE THE LINE .. FRdM SCRATCh UNDERWAY HUSH MONEY

TEST 45

1 f (A "bottleneck" is where the road IllllTOWS,iJo that atraffic,jam is quicklyformed)

2' (This is the im!l.ginary line made by WOI"Qn on stri'\te, tryjng to persuade {}theTS W join them)

(WIlen you have-a lot of weapons)

(When yoU are in prison) , ,

(TiJ ease ~he tension, nervousness, shyne!\B when YQufit'$t meet people) ,(lsvery .effective)

(Courage obtained Py drinking alcohol)

(A husband whois,con,stailtlynagged by his wife) (To be veryfrightened)

(Very quickly)'

(Aspeecp~hat is long and boring; a speakertalking at great Iength about &(1melliing) ,

(Be careful aboutthewayonebehaves; be on one's best behaviour) (Available for: duty)

(Honest, sincere)

(ThE) notes - e.g: of'amusical instrument -don't sound right) (Try to deceive someone)

(ToiIlsist1

(Speu 1;0' an audience; getup to ~in a debate)

3

4 n 5 b 6 ,r 7 q 8 a 9p

109 11 0

12 ,C
13 k
14 e.
15 h
16 d
17
18 m TEST 46

1 b ,sheIi(He'lhtopbeingshy)

2c h()rlre;s IIlouth (I got it directly from.someonewho.knowsl 3 a boots (He has too high an opinion of himself)

4 a hop (You've,' arrived,When I, wli8n'texpect~ng Y,',OU;Yl:ltl've cau,g,h,t m,. e unexpeetedly) ,5 b a duck's back (No matter what yOU say; It has absolutely no effecton her)

6 c ja~k~ts (Potatoeswith th,e~elstill ?!l.They~,u$uallyb*ed in the oven)

7 c i;lpltting (She loo~exa,!=tlylikeM~lynMonroe)

'8 a budding (One. of the few composers-who is developing well) 9 c rope (It's !I, veryeasy way to make money)

10 d wives' (A fooliiihandfal~e.belief,often to do with medicine, which at one time people believe4 t9 be true)

11 a h. angover . (The feeling of'headache and general sickness.you feel the. day .after

you have drunk too much alcohol)

12 b long fA "long shot" is something which has very little chance of success) 13 a tt90k (We looked everywhere)

14 a ointment (A minor disadvantage which stops you enjoying something-fully) 15. bcryil1g· (I t's a great shame) .. . .. .

16 d blanket (She takes the pleasure mit of everything by being very negativeand

constantly ,flllding fault with things) .

1'7 ,c catcalls (Sharp criesand whistles of disapproval)

18 a final lling{He wanted to enjoy himself for one last time beforegetting married)

19 d spot (He was very fond ofhis niece) . . .

20 b genel'aldogsbody (J\"geIlcr:al dogsbody' is someone who is like a-slave because

sveryonsgives him/her-orders] ,

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