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25 Biosphere

25 Biosphere

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Published by Vaibhav Tarkasband

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Published by: Vaibhav Tarkasband on Oct 11, 2010
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06/12/2011

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Biosphere

Department of zoology Shri.Siddheshwar Mahavidyalaya Majalgaon-431131 Presented by:- Tarkasband Vaibhav Under Guidence :-Dr.Pr.Ingole Sir :-Pr.Naik Sir

1

Bioshpere
• Outer layer of earth • Capable of supporting life • Includes the physical environment

2

Why Life on Earth
• • • • • • Water Steady supply of energy from the sun Suitable temperature range Major and minor elements available Gaseous atmosphere Gravity strong enough to hold atmosphere

3

Biosphere
• Atmosphere
– Gaseous component

• Lithosphere
– Rocky component

• Hydrosphere
– Water component

4

Atmosphere
• • • • • Nitrogen 79% Oxygen 21% Carbon Dioxide .03% Water vapor Ozone layer
– Reflects harmful ultraviolet light

5

6

Plants and Algae Produce Oxygen

7

Greenhouse Effect

8

9

10

360

Temperature change (degrees Celsius)

0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 –0.2 –0.4 –0.6 1850 1875 1900 1925 Year
11

340 carbon dioxide concentration 320

temperature

300

280 1950 1975 2000

Carbon dioxide concentration (parts per million)

Global Warming

12

13

Carbon Dioxide Generators

14

15

Lithosphere
• Source of minerals for living organisms • Continents float

16

17

Hydrosphere
• Water essential for life
– Solvent to dissolve chemicals – Needed for chemical reactions – Resists temp changes – Low viscosity

18

Ice Floats
• Allows life to exist in water under the ice

19

Biome
• Major biotic area with characteristic
– Climate – Plant life – Animal life Grassland Biome

20

Grassland Biome
• 10 to 40 inches of rainfall • Grasses • Few trees
– Not enough water

21

22

Bison

23

Antelope

24

Coyote

25

Prairie Dog

26

Deciduous Forest Biome
• • • • 30-50 inches of rain Oak Maple Beech

27

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White-tailed Deer

29

Chipmunk

30

Red Fox

31

Raccoon

32

Coniferous Forest Biome
• Less than 40 inches of rain • Spruce • Pine • Fir

33

34

Moose

35

Elk

36

Wolf

37

Tundra Biome
• Less than 10 inches of rain • Cold
– Permafrost – 18 inches-300 feet down

• • • • •

Thin soil Short growing season Grasses Shrubs Lichens
38

39

Caribou

40

Polar Bear

41

Grizzly Bear

42

Snowy Owl

43

Wolverine

44

Desert Biome
• Less than 8 inches of rainfall • Hot days and cold nights • Cactus • shrubs

45

46

Rain Shadow

47

White-Tailed Deer

48

Cougar

49

Black Bear

50

Coyote

51

Lizard

52

Snakes

53

Roadrunner

54

Rain Forest Biome
• 80-100 inches of rainfall • Constant temperature • Tall trees • 1700 beetle species found on one tree • Millions of species!

55

56

Monkey

57

Macaw

58

Toucan

59

Frog

60

Jaguar

61

Aquatic Environments
• Ocean • Freshwater

62

Eutrophication

63

64

65

Eutrophication Experiment
Control

Nitrogen and phosphorous added
66

Algal Bloom

67

Fish Kill

68

The End

69

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