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com Training Seminar Section - V B: Defining Offsite Facilities for Process Plants Contributors (In alphabetical order): Jadeep Coudhary, Anita R. Legvold, James O. Pennock
Some have asked questions such as: "What is Balance of Plant?"; "What is Offsites?" What is OSBL?" and "What needs to be considered when a project includes Offsites." The term Offsites is a general term and does not mean the same for every project or every plant. A project may include extensive tankage for feed storage along with tankage for in-process product, intermediate product, rundown tankage, slops and finished product tankage. Another project may include none of this because they already exist. The point here is just because you are told that the project includes "Offsites" you need to ask a lot of questions to determine exactly what they mean and what will be required. The purpose of this document is to aid in answering this type of question. This document will not tell you how to design the Offsites or design any of the individual sub-items or equipment found on this list. That design guidance should properly be left up to you, your supervisors and your management. I do however intend to start a listing of major elements along with some minor key issues that should be considered. I invite others to submit their own thoughts and comments to add to and improve this list.
Section Subject 1 Definitions -- Offsite vs. Onsite 2 Codes, Standards, and Practices 3 Site Issues 4 Terrain, Grading, Roads, & Drainage 5 Tankage 6 Flares 7 Piperacks & Sleepers 8 Pipelines 9 Loading / Unloading Racks (Truck, Rail, Barge, and Ship) 10 Cooling Water Supply Systems 11 Hazardous Chemicals 12 Waste Treatment Facilities 13 Electrical 14 Buildings & Auxiliaries 15 Fire Protection & Safety 16 LPG Bottling Facilities 17 Solids Storage & Disposal
Offsite -- In a process plant (Refinery, Chemical, Petrochemical, Power, etc.), any supporting facility that is not a direct part of the primary or secondary process reaction train or utility block. Offsites are also called OSBL.
A single or multiple grouping of facilities that generate the support services required by the Onsite Process units to function. Site Issues . Site Plans.A Property Line is the recorded boundary of a plot of land. Setback is a clear area normally at the boundary of a piece of property with conditions and restrictions for building or use. or highway right-of-way line (3). for a specific purpose. An easement is typically a strip of land within which overhead power lines or underground pipes are run.. Louis Gary. such right being held by someone other than the owner who holds the title to the land (2). Utility Block . etc. road. Decimalized Water.Any land (On Property or Off Property) set aside and designated for a specific use or purpose. fixing the minimum distance from the property line of the exterior face of buildings.Construction Dictionary 2. Drawing Indexes. etc.Off property is any land (or water) outside of the Property line shown on the property map or deed. s street. Right of Way (ROW) -. The Battery Limit line is usually established early in the project and documented on all discipline documents such as Plot Plans. Balance of Plant . Setback or Setback Line -.A line established by law.This is another term for Offsites and/or anything else other than the Onsite Units or the Utility Block.Line used on a plot plan to determine the outside limit of a unit. Instrument Air. Standards. State.Onsite . City. walls and any other construction form. (1) Property Line -. etc. or custom. This normally includes: Steam Generation. Codes.American Society of Testing Materials AWS (American Welding Society)-AWWA (American Water Works Association) CFR (Code of Federal Regulations) Division of Weights & Measures -DOT (Department of Transportation) FAR (Federal Accounting Regulations) IRI (Insurance Regulators Institute) Local Permits (Country.. (2) Defines the separation between what is recognized legally as Owner's land and non-Owner's or other land. & Practices ANSI (American National Standards Institute) API (American Petroleum Institute) ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) ASTM . On Property -.Any single or collection of inter-related and inter-connected process equipment that performs an integrated process function. Battery Limit -. Plant Air. deed restriction. 1981 Prentice-Hall (2) -.All land and or water inside the Property line shown on the property map or deed. Off Property .) MSS (Manufacturing Standards Society) -NACE (National Association of Corrosion Engineers)-NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) OIA (Oil Insurers Association) PFI (Pipe Fabrication Institute) USCG (United States Coast Guard) Regulations 3. A Right-of-Way within a piece of property may also be designated for use by someone other than the property owner. Plant Water. Typically any Onsite Unit could be made to function independently of another Onsite Unit. Easements -.Lamit.A vested or acquired right to use land other than as a tenant. Onsite Units are also called ISBL. (1) -.
Grubbing (Tree and shrub removal) .Capacity (number of rail cars) . source and method of delivery Future growth Grass Roots or Greenfield (New construction) Impact across the fence Power requirements and source Products.Sanitary Sewage .Traffic pattern.Vertical and Horizontal Clearance requirements . Terrain.Contaminated .Depth .Other Ditches .Finished Grading Roads .Elevation .Right hand or left hand drive .Skimmers & Aerators . Roads. Health and Environmental) Utilities requirements 4.Number .In ground or On ground .Invert Elevation Basins & Ponds .Pipeway or Sleeper Crossings (Overhead Vs Ramp & Culvert) Rail Spurs (see Loading and Unloading for additional criteria) .Location .Oily Water .Slope Culverts .Rough Grading .Location. Secondary and by-products Seismic zone SHE (Safety.Type and purpose of traffic . Ditches & Drainage Terrain . Sloping Geotechnical influences .Standards and jurisdiction of Rail company (Right of Way) Drainage systems .Brownfield (Revamp Existing) Climate (Wind Rose) Demolition Feed stock type.Angle of repose .Storm . Grading.Lined vs.Width .Primary . Unlined (or Rip Rap) .Type of soil .Contours . Primary.Secondary .Level vs.Grading .Roadbed & Ballast Details . Type . potential for congestion . Size.Chemical .
Cone Roof .Foundation Details .Primary Inlet & Outlet Connections (Single vs.Overflows & Runoff .Motor Driven Mechanical Types .Material if existing .Commodity (Compatible vs.Location & Elevation .Access Stiles..Floating Roof .Settlement Tank Auxiliary Equipment .Valve extension stem requirements 5. Double Wall . non compatible) .Heaters & Coolers .Existing or new . Multiple) . nonmetallic .Support requirements . Catwalks.Single Wall vs.Atmospheric vs.Same Size .Multiple Tank Group -. Heated.Sloping Bottoms .Multiple Tank Group -.Removal methods and clearance Fire or ignition suppression .Other (Used tank cars as storage) Tank Construction .Unlined vs.Foundation Types . Lined .Different Sizes Spill Containment . Tankage Types & Purpose .Insulated.Internal Bayonet Type .Topography . Pressurized .Earthen Berm (Dike) .Spheroids . Jacketed. and Platforms .Access . Stairs.Single Tank .Metallic vs.Internal Coil Type . Commodity Grouping & Spacing Criteria .Combination Tank Supports and Foundations .Containment Criteria .Bullets .Snuffing steam to V/PRV (Vacuum & Pressure Relief Valve) Tail Pipes .Spheres .Water Spray Systems (Deluge Systems) Tank Nozzles & Appurtenance .Jet Types .Wall (Concrete) . Cooled.Fenced or Unfenced .Material if new .External Type .Mixers .
Internal Piping -.Location of First Support .Plant Water .Sonar Heating Coil Connections (Inlet/Outlet) Mixer Mounting Nozzles Manholes Internal Nozzles -.Tank Edge Handrail Pumps .Tracing Fluids (Low Temp.Potable Water .Steam . Clearance.Radar type Level Instruments -. Stairs.Asphalt Tankage & Distribution Utilities Piping . or High Temp.Condensate .Piping Elements Product Piping . Level.Float & Target Board -.Gage Hatch -.) Dike Penetrations (Piping) .Double Containment .Nitrogen .Pressure Taps -.Sumps .Avoid weld seams Ladders.Automatic (Tape Type) Tank Gage -. and Temperature) -. Flame Arresters) Drain Connections (Closed.Internal Pipe Supports -. Non-winterized) Instrument Connections (Flow.Chilled Water .Orientation . Pressure.Level Controller & Gage -.- Vent Connections (Closed.Casings .Primary access .Instrument Air . Winterized.entrance and exit . Open.Glycol .Internal Floating Roof Supports Orientation & Elevation Size & Rating Projection Recommendations -.Ammonia .Differential Settlement .Plant Air .Swing Lines (Winch. Accessibility) -.Thermowells -.Types .Location .Natural Anchors (Dike Sleeves) .Cooling Water .Slops Collection System Hot Oil Systems . and Platforms .Sleeves (U/G Protection & Grounding) .Roof traffic Vs Formal Platform .Safety .
Location Criteria .Fuel Gas .Ground Flare .System Study Flare KO Drums ."Boil Over" Maintenance Issues . Incinerator.Pilot Gas .Housekeeping Pads (Spillage control) .Atomizing Steam Thermal Oxidizers .Atomizing Steam .Cable Guided Flare Accessories .Utility Station Location & Access .Igniter Line .Atomizing Steam .CIP (Clean in place) .Pilot Gas .Pilot Gas .Igniter Line .Fuel Gas .Pump out Flare Number and Types .Collection System Thermal Oxidizer Utilities .Flare Header .Wash Stations & Spray Wands 6. and Thermal Oxidizer Flare .Elevated -.Location Criteria .Operations Issues .Prevailing Wind (Wind Rose) .Prevailing Wind (Wind Rose) .Number of Flare Stacks .Collection System Incinerator Utilities .Location Criteria .Access (Mobile Equipment) .Horizontal .Flame Arrester Flare Stack Utilities .Igniter Line .Elevated -.Fuel Gas . Flare.Vertical/Stack base integrated .Support .Cleaning and Repair .Flame Arrester Drain Incinerators .Prevailing Wind (Wind Rose) .Derrick Supported .Elevated -.Free Standing ."Roll Over" .
Future Space Requirements .Elevated (Overhead) Racks .Solar induced expansion .Future Space Requirements .Hydrotest Vents & Drains .Intra Plant Accounting Meters .Location .Operating Temperature induced expansion .Utility Systems . Piperacks and Sleepers Support Types .Meter Provers .Size.Shoes.Shoes.Steel .Maximum Spans .Future (space allowance) Miscellaneous Piping Details .Height .Minimum Line Sizes . & Guides Pipe Sleepers .Combination Overhead Racks .Number of levels .Height .Height . Anchors.Inter Plant .Minimum Line Sizes .Slip Lining 8. Anchors.Steam Tracing .Process Vents & Drains . & Guides Pipe Bridges .Span Auxiliary Piping Services & Systems .Changes in Direction (Flat Turn vs.Current Space Requirements .Cleaning connections (Maintenance) .Internal Cleaning requirements for piping systems . and access .Current Space Requirements .Sleeper Racks .Jacketed Piping . Pipelines Types and Purpose .Concrete .7.Cross Country .Operating Temperature induced expansion . Elevated) .Bridges Materials of construction .Solar induced expansion . location.Piping Loops .Piping Loops .Number .Maximum Spans .
Stick build Pipe Line Pigging Criteria .NFPA Criteria .Rail .Flammable Liquid Hydrocarbon Products .Vapor recovery criteria Shipping Plan .Types .Outline of structure .Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Products Shipping method .Number of shipments .Bottom Loading (Truck & Rail only) .Fixed or Floating Dock .Gas Products . Rail.Unloading time Loading Rack Size & Location Criteria .Size of Carrier (Truck.Pig Signals (Pig Sig) 9..Height and reach of swing-down platforms .Non-flammable Liquid Chemical Products .Dry Products .Types Special Valving Considerations .Loading Arm Type .Fencing and Security Pig Launchers & Pig Catchers (Receivers) .Loading Arms or Loading Hoses .Top Loading . Barge. Barge/Ship) . Rail Car.Vendor or Third Party Sub contracted .Truck .Support Special Instrumentation .Stair and Ladder access and egress Barge & Ship only .Access & clearance for Operators .Minimum bend radius Slug Catchers .Barge .Package System .Loading Arm reach .SCADA . and Ship) Product Data .Loading time . Loading / Unloading Racks (Truck.Frequency of shipments .Ship Loading & Unloading Method .Liquid Products .Loading Arm rest position ."Bonded Zone" .Minimum distance between loading "Spots" .
Spill containment .Fire Blankets . Cooling Water Supply Systems Types .Deluge Systems . Summer. etc.Maximum "Swing" envelope (Vessel empty at high tide vs.Lake .Timing (Spring.Induced Draft .Nitrogen (for blanketing) Safety & Fire Protection .Atmospheric (Flooded) System Water Source .Forced Draft .Foam Systems 10.River Intake .Direction (primary and secondary) .Municipal Water Supply (City.Once through system .Plant Water .Under-ground .Piping Utility Requirements .Wells .Oceans & Bays Tower Types .) .Surge Pond Water Intake & Outfall Structures .Duration Basin Design . County. and Winter?) ..Closed loop Cooling Tower system .Grounding Lugs .Fixed Screens . Fall.ESD (Emergency Shut Down) System .Fire Extinguishers .Ocean Intake .Utility Steam .Hydrants . vessel full at low tide) Auxiliaries .River .Monitors .Shelters .Rotating Screens .Strainers and Filters .Meters .Tide & Current Data .Breathing Air .Force .Plant Air .Natural Draft Prevailing Wind .In-ground .
Pump Types & Location .Vertical .Contaminated Collection Locations Collection and transfer methods .Location (Above ground or below ground) Water Treatment Chemical piping .Chemical .Stand alone .Safety Shower/Eye Wash Winterized (Tempered water system) 12.Material .Stainless Steel .PVC .Oily Water .Pipe Riser Location .Storm Water .Alloys Cathotic Protection .Horizontal (elevated above basin) Operations .Sanitary .Built-in lifting facilities Cooling Water Supply and Return Piping .Gravity (only) to Treatment .Gravity to Sump & Pump to Treatment .Insulating Flange Sets 11.Type . Waste Treatment Facilities Types .Horizontal (same level next to basin) . Hazardous Chemicals Handling and Storage Commodities List MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) Unloading Facilities Storage Loading Handling Safety .Portable crane .FRP .Manned Maintenance .
Transformers Aboveground Distribution .Roads .Hot & Cold Water .Process Equipment .Electrical Pull Boxes Clearance criteria Electrical to: . Buildings & Auxiliaries Buildings and purpose .Machine Shop -.Gate or Guard Houses -.Cafeteria -.House of Worship (Mosque) -.Change House (Locker Room) -.Instrument Rack/Cabinets .Warehouse -Auxiliaries . Electrical & Instrumentation Equipment Types .Safety Center & Training -.Telephone Poles .Maintenance -.Parking Lots .Chemical Waste -.Contaminated Waste .Lab Gas -.Switch and Starter Racks .Types of Treatment 13.Chilled Water -.Chemical Storage -.Pipe Racks .Piping .Push Button Stations .Duct Banks (Concrete encasement) .Conduit Racks .Junction Boxes .Administration .Substations .Cable Trays .Laboratory (Product QC) -.Load Centers .Comfort Steam & Condensate -.Transmission Towers Underground Distribution .Rail Facilities 14.Direct Bury Cable .Structures .Light Standards .Fire House -.First Aid -.Truck Loading/Unloading Docks Utility Services .Power Poles .Electrical Manholes .Control (House) Center -.Potable Water -- .
Fire Water Loop (Mains and Laterals) .Bottle shipping .Carbon Steel w/ Internal Lining & external coating .Sanitary Waste -.Facilities Fire Equipment 16.Open.Sheltered .Empty bottle receiving .Fire Water Pumps .Nonmetallic Linings . enclosed . sheltered.Foam Chambers (Number and Orientation) .Full bottle storage .Rail 17.Size Shipping method .Cement Lining .Contingency Plan Fire Water System .Storm Water -Piping Materials 15.FRP Piping .Fire Protection Manifolds (Pumper Connections) . Solids Storage & Disposal Type .Sulphur ..Carbon Steel w/ external coating .Truck scales (weighbridge) Lube Oil packaging facility .Foam Stations (Number and Orientation) .Location .Fire Hose Carts Materials of Construction . Fire Protection & Safety Fire Protection & Safety Plan . .Fire Water Storage .Fire Hydrants and Monitors .Basic Safety Plan .Filling .Type .Type.Fire Water Source .Thrust Blocks & Anchors Fire Training Area . Product packaging LPG Bottling Facility .Truck .Enclosed .Ductile Iron .
design. . and field activities. USA.Sheltered Disposal .Coke .Other Jaydeep R. Legvold is a Piping Design Engineer with more than 35 years experience covering process plant engineering. She is now semi-retired and lives in Florida.On property . James O. USA. He is now retired and lives in Florida.Open . Seoul South Korea. Pennock is a former Piper with more than 45 years experience covering process plant engineering. Anita R.Rail . pipe fabrication and construction.Barge .Treated waste Consistency .Dry . Chaudhary is a piping designer with 4+ years of experience with oil & gas projects working with Hyundai Heavy Industries.Off property Shipping method .Truck . design.Semi-dry Storage .. training.
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