Document CP/R01/006

Approved by CH

Recipients of controlled copies As per the attached list

Draft Consultation on Guide to Water Supply Regulations

CP/R01/006

Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 1 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH

Contents
Guide to the Water Supply Regulations ..................................................................4 Glossary ......................................................................................................................7 1. Guidelines for customer storage tanks ......................................................12
Water demand and sizing criteria..................................................................................12 Fire fighting reserve ......................................................................................................13 Tank storage capacity ...................................................................................................14 Ground storage tank and roof cistern general requirements .........................................15 Reinforced concrete water storage tanks ......................................................................21 Polyethylene and plastic water storage tanks ...............................................................23 Glass reinforced plastic (GRP) water storage tanks......................................................25 Galvanized steel tanks ..................................................................................................27

2.

Water pipelines and fittings .........................................................................28
Materials and substances used in water fittings ............................................................28 Water fittings .................................................................................................................30 Testing, disinfection and flushing ..................................................................................40

3. 4.

Water pumps ..................................................................................................44 Water meter provision and installation arrangements..............................46
General arrangements ..................................................................................................46 Meter standards and regulations...................................................................................47 Illegal tampering............................................................................................................47 Water meter housing.....................................................................................................47 Externally installed meters ............................................................................................48 Internally installed meters .............................................................................................48 Water meter identification tags......................................................................................49 Water meter installation ................................................................................................49 Grouping of water meters..............................................................................................50 Pressure reducing valves..............................................................................................50 Location of water meters...............................................................................................50 Meter installation...........................................................................................................51 Setting out.....................................................................................................................51

Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 2 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH

5.

Service connection........................................................................................52
Standard service connection .........................................................................................52 Type of service connections..........................................................................................55

6.

Approvals, inspection, safety and quality control.....................................56
Approval of water fittings...............................................................................................56 Inspection and testing ...................................................................................................56 Quality control ...............................................................................................................56 Safety requirements ......................................................................................................56

Annex A : Procedure of connection .......................................................................58
Steps for connection .....................................................................................................58

Annex B : Pipes, fittings and meter specification ................................................60
Pipes.............................................................................................................................60 Service connection fittings ............................................................................................63

Annex C : List of standards and specifications relevant to this guide ..............70
Codes and regulations ..................................................................................................70 International standards organization (ISO)....................................................................70 Abu Dhabi water and electricity authority (ADWEA) standard specifications.................70 British standards ...........................................................................................................71 British standards (continued).........................................................................................72

Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 3 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH

reliable and secure water supply arrangements are established between the customer and the Distribution Company. Purpose 4.Guide to the Water Supply Regulations Overview 1. (b) (c) (d) (e) Introduction 3. This Guide has been developed in coordination and consultation with the Distribution Companies. General Guidelines – Water Distribution – Abu Dhabi Distribution Company. Regulations and Guidelines: (a) Standard Specification for Water Works (Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority). Water Supply (Water Fitting) Regulations – UK. The Bureau. The Bureau will ensure that regular reviews and updates are carried out after consultation with the Distribution Companies and publish reprints accordingly. has referred to the following Standards. The purpose of this Guide to Water Supply Regulations (2003) is to ensure that safe. This Guide explains the water connection arrangement and water fittings requirements between the Distribution Companies (Abu Dhabi Distribution Company that covers the Abu Dhabi Municipal region and Al Ain Distribution Company that covers the Al Ain Municipal region) and the customers for the purpose of preventing wastage. Unification of Water Supply and Plumbing Regulations – Gulf Co-operation Council. contamination and undue consumption. 2. This Guide provides guidance to the Water Supply Regulations (2003) issued by the Bureau. It also provides Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 4 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . in developing this Guide. and British Standard BS 6700.

Existing arrangements 8. It will also ensure compliance with applicable international and national standards and engender industry best practice so as to safeguard the customer’s health and the Distribution Company’s system. The Distribution Company has an obligation to ensure that hygiene procedures related to the installation of water fittings are followed during work carried out by the Responsible Person. meter arrangements and a ground storage/roof cistern. This Guide shall apply to any person applying for new permanent or temporary water connection. re-arranging an existing connection. wastage or contamination requirements. fittings. which generally consists of a service connection pipe. The Distribution Company may request that individuals involved in the work undergo a qualification test prepared in accordance with the Distribution Company practices and standards to ensure a quality work is delivered. including a meter installation or disconnecting from the Distribution Company’s System. Any existing arrangement prior to when the Water Supply Regulations came into force shall not be affected by this Guide unless that arrangement contravenes material of construction. 5. Application 7.guidelines for making an application for a connection arrangement with the Distribution Company. Quality of installations 9. A prior consent shall be granted by the Distribution Company before any additions or modifications to the existing supply arrangement are carried out. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 5 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . This Guide is intended to assist the Customer and the Responsible Person in understanding the requirements of a water supply connection. This Guide covers that part of the installation between the Distribution Company’s service connection pipe and the customer’s storage tank. Objective 6.

supply pipe layout. drawing to scale and any relevant document the Distribution Company may request as specified in Annex A. material takeoff. connection sizing. The application shall be accompanied by a location site plan. to make the water service connection shall be prepared by the Distribution Company. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 6 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .Application for a connection 10. etc. connection arrangements. A details estimate of cost.

storage cistern. overflow or flushing pipe) conveying water from a ground storage tank. within or from a water fitting any float operated valve for controlling the inflow of water to a cistern or a tank a standard or specification published under the authority of the general council of the British Standard Institution and shall be the current revision of the standard includes any alteration in chemical or biological quality of water due to a change in temperature or the introduction of polluting substances the person to whom the Distribution Company supplies water the Distribution Company established pursuant to the Law any pipe not owned by the Water Distribution Company (other than a warning.Glossary Defined terms ADWEA Abu Dhabi Water and established under the Law Electricity Authority Bureau the Regulation and Supervision Bureau for the Water and Electricity Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi flow upstream that is in a direction contrary to the intended normal direction of flow. or from hot water apparatus supplied from a cistern and under pressure from that cistern Backflow Ball valve British Standard Contamination Customer Distribution Company Distributing Pipe Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 7 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .

pumps and fittings installed for the purpose of fire fighting the tank at the point of delivery from the Distribution Company for storing water for subsequent use. not being a ground storage tank Fire Service Ground Storage Tanks Licence Law Overflow Pipe Pressure Relief Valve (PRV) Premises Responsible Person Roof Tank Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 8 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . (That person can be a contractor.Distribution System the system consisting (wholly or mainly) of water pipes owned or operated by the licensee and used for the distribution of wholesome water to the point of delivery to customers the pipes. tanks. cistern. or break tank located on the roof of the buildings for holding or storing water at atmospheric pressure. a consultant or others as appointed or authorized by the owner to liaise with the Distribution Company to fulfil the requirements of the water supply connection) a fixed container. not being a cistern a licence issued by the Regulation and Supervision Bureau pursuant to the Law Law No (2) of 1998 Concerning the Regulation of the Water and Electricity Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi a pipe from a cistern in which water flows only when the water level in the cistern exceeds a predetermined level a pressure-activated valve which opens automatically at a specified pressure to discharge fluid any structure or building and whether of a permanent character or not the person who owns or carries responsibility for the Water Fittings.

pipe fittings. joints. back prevention devices including the Customer’s ground storage tank or roof cistern. Without limiting the foregoing. meter or any other relevant fittings to facilitate the connection arrangement to the customer the Water Quality Regulations issued by the Bureau under Article 62 of the Law the Water Supply Regulations 2003 issued by the Bureau under Article 62 of the Law a device used for measurement of water flow which is either read manually or recorded remotely a pipe that is installed in water storage tanks (>100. “Water Fitting” will include pump.Servicing Valve means a valve for shutting off for the purpose of maintenance or service the flow of water in a pipe connected to a water fitting a valve. used for shutting off the flow of water in a pipe the water pressure at the supply pipe that is capable of delivering water directly to low-rise buildings roof tanks not higher than 10 metres from the main supply line a water outlet device in relation to a cistern or tank means the volume of storage excluding the unusable top level measured up to level of water that can be reached according to the inflow control device setting water that is in compliance with the Water Quality Regulations a pipe open to the atmosphere which exposes the system to atmospheric pressure at its boundary pipes. valves. other than a servicing valve.000 litres) to indicate water is overflowing Stop Valve Adequate Network Pressure Terminal Fitting Tank Capacity Wholesome Water Vent Pipe Water Fitting Water Quality Regulations Water Supply Regulations Water Meter Warning Pipe Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 9 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .

Abbreviations AC BS BSP DI EEC EPDM GRE GRP HDPE ISO MAOP MDPE PTFE PVC QA/QC SDR uPVC UV WRc asbestos cement British Standard British Standard Pipe ductile iron European Economic Community ethylene propylene diene monomer glass reinforced epoxy glass reinforced plastic high density polyethylene International Standards Organisation maximum allowable operating pressure medium density polyethylene polytetrafluorethylene (Teflon) polyvinyl chloride quality assurance/quality control standard dimension ratio unplasticised polyvinyl chloride ultra violet Water Research Council (UK) Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 10 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .

Units 0C degrees Celsius metric unit of atmospheric pressure (10m head) grammes hour kilogramme kilogrammes per cubic metre (density) kilometre metre milligrams per litre (concentration) millilitre millimetres megapascals (tensile strength) metres per second (velocity) newtons per square millimetre (tensile strength) watts per square (thermalconductivity) inch metre per unit temperature difference bar g hr kg kg/m3 km m mg/l ml mm MPa m/s N/mm2 W/m2 K ” Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 11 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .

1. Agricultural.5 m) at the main supply pipe to the customer.2 1. The customer’s most common service connection size is 20mm. The minimum pressure required to be maintained by the Distribution Companies shall be 1. However. Guidelines for customer storage tanks Water demand and sizing criteria 1. The Distribution Company shall asses the size of the connection with consideration to friction losses for long service connections.1 should only be used as a guide when calculating the size of the storage tanks and fittings. These figures are estimates of daily demand rate in litres for various types of residential and commercial premises. the Distribution Company may modify or change the rates according to new demand management practices to ensure reasonable demand is always considered.25bar (12.1. 25mm and 32mm MDPE (Medium Density Polyethylene Pipe).1 The demand criteria in Table 1. These are the figures used by the Distribution Company for determining the new water connection sizing. industrial and other government authorities will be site specific and the criteria shall be established individually by the Distribution Company with consideration to the supply and demand policies.3 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 12 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .

etc shall be only allowed for after the distribution company has approved its inclusion. cooling services. . Water rate of consumption for other uses i..e. 2 A general service means water used for gardening and general cleaning purposes. In the event of any conflict between the data in the table and Civil Defence requirements. hotels would need to be established separately.. health care centres. Table 1. 3 Rate of consumption for buildings higher than 20 floors shall be adjusted proportionally. However. Fire fighting reserve 1.2 can be used as a guide for residential and commercial customers where applicable.1 Type of premises Hotel Car wash station (CWS) Hospital Common market Mosques Workers Housing Public toilets Schools and universities Hostel 1 Villa and shabiat Villa and shabiat Villa and shabiat Villa and shabiat Services in a building Services in a building 3 Services in a building Offices Shops Residential flat Residential flat Residential flat Residential flat Residential flat Residential flat Temporary water connection Temporary water connection Temporary water connection Gardening Notes: Description hotel (per one bed) CWS ( per channel) hospital (per one bed) common market (per square metre) mosques (per square metre) housing compounds per capita public toilets (per sanitary piece) per student hostel (per student) (per bedroom) (general services )2 (per capita) (per swimming pool) up to 5 floors from 6 to 10 floors above 10 floors offices (per square metre) shops (per square metre) 1 bedroom 2 bedroom 3 bedrooms 4 bedrooms 5 bedrooms per capita up to of 5 floors from 6 to 10 floors above 10 floors (per square metre) Estimates of daily rate of consumption (litres) 350 1300 300 5 25 200 1200 25 200 500 2000 350 800 750 1500 3000 25 25 500 750 950 1200 1500 250 4000 8000 12000 8 The appropriate consumption rate according to the types of premises is based on the Distribution Company’s own standard calculation policy and latest demand calculations and may be differ from the values given in this table. swimming pools. the latter should prevail. Requirements for any other type of premises for example industrial. 1 For shabiat and villas categories a reduction factor maybe applied for every additional bedroom according to the Distribution Company own criteria.Table 1.4 The Department of Civil Defence is the only reference for determining the quantity and the application of water allocated for Fire Fighting purposes. 4. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 13 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .

000 10.9 1.000 8-10 5. Although the storage requirement shown above is vital for the security of supply.6 Number of floors Minimum reserve limit (gallons) Maximum reserve limit (gallons) 1-3 2.000 Tank storage capacity 1.000 3. the lower part of a tank should be reserved for Fire Fighting by keeping a constant water level either by means of a suction pipe invert level or another approved device.000 5.000 4-7 3.000 10. In the presence of ground storage tanks.10 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 14 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . The Department of Civil Defence approval in this case shall constitute an important document in the approval of the water supply drawings. The following figures are designed on a hose-reel basis. This 1. Table 1. The The roof tank should be sized to hold a capacity of water between 12 and 24 hours of the total daily consumption rates.5 Where ground storage tanks are considered and in order to avoid contamination in tanks. the reserve would be larger and the Department of Civil Defence should be consulted to determine the actual required quantity. The construction of fire services shall comply with Fire Service Regulations (Department of Civil Defence). The allocated fire reserve shall be held completely within the ground tank’s actual capacity.1. it is prohibited to allocate separate tanks for fire fighting purposes unless a prior approval has been obtained from the Distribution Company. it needs to be noted that water stagnation is not recommended. (i) Minimum Capacity = 1 x daily consumption + fire fighting reserve to be held completely in the ground tank Maximum Capacity = 2 x daily consumption + fire fighting reserve to be held completely in the ground tank (ii) 1.2 1.8 The Distribution Company shall decide the specific storage capacity requirement (between maximum and minimum) that the Responsible Person can install in the premises.000 10 and above 10.7 Total storage capacity (ground storage tank and roof cistern) shall be as per the following limits. If other systems of fire fighting are installed such as sprinklers.

14 1. Pipes or connections buried near contaminated locations should be made of pipe material that is impermeable or protected by appropriate material.11 For bulk supply customers. Location of the tank shall be away from any pollution source and in case the tanks is located in the ground or buried. where an underground or buried tank has been selected and approved. 1. site specific conditions and Distribution Company policy regarding demand management.12 Ground storage tank and roof cistern general requirements Tank placement 1. No storage cistern or tank shall be buried or sunk in the ground except with permission of the Distribution Company.will ensure water quality does not deteriorate by minimising the time available for bacterial growth or any possible external contamination. The complete water capacity may be held in the ground or roof storage tank subject to Distribution Company’s approval. an approved backflow prevention device shall be installed and all tank openings shall be at least 300mm above ground level or the highest known flood level. storage capacity can vary according to the daily demand.16 Fittings and accessories of tank and cistern 1. However.15 1. 1. All storage tanks must be placed to avoid potential flooding and to allow for any overflow arrangement to operate effectively.17 Float-controlled valves or equivalent flow control inlet devices should be securely and rigidly attached to the cistern or the tank and installed so that Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 15 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . A suitably sized sump pump shall also be installed when and where applicable. The distance between the tank wall and any part of the drainage system shall not be less than 1500mm.13 The height of the entry point shall not exceed 3000mm from finished ground level at the location feeding the water main feeding the property. hydrocarbon or oil related activity which may result in water contamination. Ground or under-ground tanks shall be located as per the Distribution Company recommendations and in a location that will preserve the quality of the water. The tanks shall be placed where there is no industrial. 1.

overflow pipes. The vent shall be at least 65mm in diameter and equipped with stainless steel a mosquito screen and shall be cleaned by the end user at regular intervals. The Servicing Valve should be fitted as close as reasonably practical to the float controlled valve or other device. 1. and warning pipes relating to storage tanks or cisterns supplying water shall be fitted with a Servicing Valve as close to the cistern or tank as is reasonably practicable.18 All inlets to storage tanks and roof cisterns should be provided with a Servicing Valve to facilitate maintenance. and a float-operated valve or some other no less effective device which is capable of controlling the flow of water into the cistern. The storage tank shall be designed to ensure that any maintenance activities for all water fittings.19 1. Where practicable all outlets from a cistern should be taken from the bottom of the cistern.21 1. One additional vent shall be provided per 40 square metres of tank area or at a spacing of 7 metres evenly distributed over the tank area. All tanks should have a rigid. One common level indictor for a group of connected tanks is acceptable subject to the Distribution Company approval.20 1. particularly to foot valves and float controlled valves. 1. In the case of a cistern storing more than 1. must be made without the need for draining or causing any damage to the tank structure. The tank shall have a clear height (free-board) of not less than 300mm between the water top level and roof (inside surface).000 litres.23 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 16 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .the valve closes when the level of the water is not less than 25mm and preferably not more than 50mm below the overflowing level of the tank or roof cistern.22 1. It shall be made of a material or materials which do not shatter or fragment when broken and which will not contaminate the water quality. it shall be constructed and placed so that the cistern may be inspected and cleaned without it having to be wholly uncovered. close fitting and securely fixed cover which is not airtight but which excludes light and insects from the cistern. At least one capped or down facing air vent shall be installed per water tank.000 litres of water. Tanks of depth 3000mm and above shall be equipped with a water level indicator arrangement. All outlets other than vent pipes. otherwise a sump pit of size (600 x 600 x 200mm) shall be provided for tanks and cisterns larger than 10.

year of manufacture. The name plate shall be made of material not affected by weather conditions. A name plate not less than 300 x 200mm shall be securely attached to the tank exterior. test pressure. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 17 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . The following data shall be engraved on the plate: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) material. The internal ladder shall be made from a non-metallic material (approved plastic or GRP) or from stainless steel grade 316 material. and the height between the last step and ground not more than 300mm. by stainless steel grade 316 bolts and nuts or a similar approved arrangement. design/operating parameters (pressure/temperature). An external ladder shall be made from a material capable of withstanding the prevailing weather conditions. coated steel or stainless steel any other material approved by the Distribution Company. capacity. It shall have a width of not less than 400mm. an internal ladder (external ladder for non-buried tanks) shall be installed.26 The tank construction material shall be made of Glass Reinforced Plastic. It shall be properly fixed under or/near to the tank access. with the distance between steps not more than 250mm.24 Where the water level in the tank is more than 1500mm. date of test. Reinforced Concrete (cement).25 (g) (h) (i) (j) Tank material and construction 1.1. preferably on the tank inlet side. serial number/tank size or capacity/volume (in cubic metres) or imperial gallons. in a clearly visible and accessible location. corrosion allowance. polyethylene. and design code. 1. name of manufacturer or brand (trade) name.

27 Tanks and cisterns for holding potable water shall be of a suitable grade and material to meet the provisions of BS 6920 or equivalent. Where the tank is not made from a corrosion-resistant material for example. The tank shall be constructed of a watertight material of adequate strength and shall be suitable for the storage of potable drinking water at 52°C. which may reduce the nominal flow capacity of the overflow pipe.1. The tank and its cover shall not impart taste. The actual internal diameter of the pipe(s) installed should be capable of taking any possible flow in the pipe arising from any failure of the inlet valve. Other tanks shall be at least 200mm above the finished floor level of the surrounding area. 1.29 1. A warning/overflow pipe made of rigid pipe should be twice the internal diameter of the inlet pipe and not less than 19mm (bore) internal diameter. colour. When determining the size of an overflow pipe.31 Over flow and warning pipe arrangements 1. Externally bolted panelled base tanks shall have a 500mm minimum clear access between the bottom base panels and finished ground level.33 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 18 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . Stored water temperature needs to be kept ideally less than 30°C to restrict microbiological growth. nor promote microbiological growth. Storage tanks larger than 100. Any additional requirement shall be approved by the Distribution Company. odour or toxicity.30 1. 1. it shall be protected with a non-toxic coating or lining which conforms to ADWEA water standard specification No. W-C-SS-015 or as approved by the Distribution Company for internal protection purposes.000 litres are required to be fitted with an overflow pipe and an instrument or device (audible or visual) to indicate that water is about to overflow and the means to control any overflow. No tank or fitting intended for conveying or storing water shall be lined or coated internally with coal tar or any other substance that includes coal tar. steel. Every storage tank larger than 1000 litres shall be fitted with an overflow pipe.28 1. account should be taken of any insect or vermin screen installed.32 The location of the cistern or tank overflow (warning or overflow pipe) must be readily identifiable and the discharge should be in a conspicuous and visible position. at atmospheric pressure.

the Distribution Company may require a water level indicator to be fitted. maximum ambient relative humidity – 100%. Prevailing climate conditions as a minimum: (a) (b) (c) (d) maximum ambient temperature in the shade – 52ºc. If the tank is internally partitioned. The tanks and associated fittings shall be designed and suitable for operation in the prevailing climatic conditions of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi and shall be suitable for storage of desalinated water. unless factory made insulated tanks are used. unless a second tank is available. 1.000 litres and above. particularly for tanks sizes of 100. The insulation shall be made of rigid foam of suitable thickness or another approved material.35 Tank protection 1. (plastic polymers) or galvanized steel. minimum ambient temperature – 1ºc. an audible or visual alarm operating independently from the inflow control device is required. the partition must extend to full height of the tank and each compartment must be capable of supporting water on either side with one side empty. and wind speed – 21.6 km/hr. As far as these guidelines are concerned. Where it is not possible to fit an overflow pipe. shall be protected from sunlight by installing them inside rooms or under permanent fixed shedding. It should not be exposed to external weather conditions and should also be covered by an external plastic or similar sheet resistant to ultra violet radiation as approved by the Distribution Company. each compartment shall be treated as an independent water tank.38 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 19 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . that pipe shall be installed so that the source of any overflow may be readily identified and shall be so arranged that any overflow from the tank or cistern can not discharge into another.000 litres capacity shall have partitions.1. All ground tanks or cisterns manufactured from translucent material. well water and/or a mixture of both unless specifically mentioned otherwise.37 1. 1. to allow for maintenance activities without a long interruption of supply.34 Where two or more cisterns have a common warning pipe.36 All tanks with more than 100. Where necessary.

40 Storage tank testing and disinfection 1.42 After completing the testing. pumping from one tank into another during testing may be allowed.1. Any water jet shall be directed away from the tank sides and joints. and the hold time between completion of the filling and start of emptying shall not be less than 24 hours to allow tank to settle. during emptying of the tank. permanent in nature of a durable weather resistant material. All leaks found shall be repaired. 1. the testing medium shall be potable water. each tank shall be disinfected in accordance with the following procedure (tank disinfection shall be carried out only after completing the service connection flushing and disinfection where applicable). (b) (c) (d) (e) 1. precautions shall be taken to ensure that the design vacuum is not exceeded. In order to avoid waste.39 Every storage tank and cistern shall be adequately supported to avoid distortion. Tank foundation and shed installation where required. (a) the tank shall be filled to a depth of 300mm with potable water. the tank shall be hydrostatically tested in accordance with the following: (a) before testing is carried out the tank shall be filled with water to the top level of the side panels and the overflow. continuous inspection shall be carried out for the whole filling period. smooth and level. The roof space above the cover shall not be less than 400mm and more than 800mm. drain and other pipes shall be blanked off. The shed roof shall extend beyond the boundaries of the water tank by one metre. The tank foundation shall be rigid. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 20 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . should be of rigid construction. Expected life of the shed and foundation shall be more than or similar to that of the tank itself.41 After completion of tank installation. or to any water fitting connected to it. thermal movement or damage to it. Discharging of the water shall be carried out in a controlled manner to avoid scouring or flooding.

the discharge hose shall be equipped with a suitable nozzle or pipe reducer to provide a sufficient flow of chlorinated water when discharged from the portable pumps. the Responsible Person shall arrange to test the water at an approved water quality testing facility or in the Distribution Company laboratory to ensure water quality is wholesome. and special attention should be taken when high chlorine concentration and other disinfectants are being used. the concentration and the procedure shall be as per the manufacturer recommendations and approved by the Distribution Company. (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) Reinforced concrete water storage tanks 1. the entire interior of the tank shall then be sprayed intermittently to ensure all tank internal surface is disinfected. a small portable pump shall be temporarily mounted outside the tank with suction and discharge hoses extending through the tank main openings. chlorine gas masks. etc.43 The following covers the minimum requirements for design consideration when constructing reinforced concrete reservoirs. to reach all parts of the tank interior. the chlorine solution shall be drained to waste to a location which shall be approved by the respective authorities or as recommended by the Distribution Company and then the tank shall be flushed and sealed. It is recommended that the pump be placed outside the tank to avoid the additional hazard associated with the presence of carbon monoxide exhaust inside the tank. if required by the Distribution Company. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 21 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . after disinfection. Where other disinfectants are used. safety precautions shall be taken to avoid injury to personnel including providing necessary protective rubber clothing. as they may affect new coatings or linings in tanks and cisterns.(b) sufficient sodium hypochlorite (approved type) shall be added to give a solution containing approximately 20mg/l or to a concentration approved by the Distribution Company and then this solution shall be thoroughly mixed.

The concrete reservoir shall be designed in such a manner that it sustains all loads and deformations of normal construction and use and has adequate durability and resistance to the effects of arid desert conditions and winds. Joints in the floor slab of the reservoir shall be repeated on the screed below to avoid non uniform movement. Joints in reservoirs may be used in conjunction with a corresponding proportion of reinforcement.44 A site survey and soil investigation is required at the proposed location of the reinforced concrete tank. The minimum free board (top water level) shall be 300mm to roof soffit.49 1. to control the concrete crack widths arising from shrinkage and thermal changes to within acceptable limits and in accordance with BS 8007. All reservoir components shall be constructed of reinforced concrete and their form shall be determined by the allocated site dimensions and the need to allow for future storage and downstream distribution facilities. Provision of expansion joints shall be made with caution and a minimum number of expansion joints is recommended.48 1.47 1.52 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 22 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . Thermal effects due to temperature variations shall also be considered in the design.50 1. live loads and an allowance for personnel working on the roof as approved by the designer or owner representative (consultant).51 1. The reservoir roof shall be designed for the dead load from the concrete roof slab and other fixtures. The specification for concrete reservoirs should be in accordance with ADWEA Standard Specification for Water Works NO.46 1. The reservoir foundation shall be free from unsuitable material to the level required as per survey/soil investigation recommendations. other materials and workmanship shall be adequate for safety. PVC water bars of approved size and make shall be provided at all joints.45 1. W-C-SS-007 or as approved by the Distribution Company for small storage tanks. The quality of concrete (minimum to be of grade 40 N/mm2). 1.Basic design considerations 1. The dividing wall (where constructed) shall be designed such that either compartment may remain full of water (to under roof soffit) whilst the other compartment is empty. serviceability and durability.

1.53

Roof slabs shall be designed as flat slabs with all interior joints acting as construction joints so that the slab is structurally monolithic. Where roof and walls are monolithic, movement joints in the roof shall correspond with those in the walls to avoid the possibility of sympathetic cracking. Tanks installed outdoors without a protective shed above them shall have a 1% minimum slope towards one or two sides or any other effective system for draining the tank roof. No water shall be allowed to accumulate on the tank roof. For panelled tanks, the roof joints shall be made flush with the surrounding panel to prevent any type of accumulation. The tank inlet and outlet connections shall be a complete arrangement of flanged water inlet and outlet fittings to BS 4504, along with a puddle flange either cast or welded on connection and shall be properly aligned both in the horizontal and vertical planes to ensure a water tight joint.

1.54

1.55

Polyethylene and plastic water storage tanks
1.56 The following covers the minimum requirements for design consideration when installing polyethylene or plastic water tanks.

Basic design consideration 1.57 Every tank shall be accompanied with a copy of the manufacturer's catalogue showing operational and maintenance instructions, and precautions to be taken by the end users. Certificates to indicate suitability of material for storing potable water shall be provided as well as other test certificates as required by the Distribution Company. The Distribution Company may also request additional tests to be undertaken by the relevant international and national testing authorities. Manufacturers’ instructions and guidelines concerning the storage of tank parts and accessories, general site conditions for final tank location, installation methodology, and usage and commissioning of the tank shall be strictly observed. Tanks shall be erected, tested and commissioned as per supplier/manufacturer instruction. Following installation, the tank shall be tested, cleaned and flushed before being put into service. No fibre shall project out of the tank shell or panel. The internal surface of the shell or panel shall be smoothly finished and free of defects such as crazing, lamination, blistering, wrinkles, crevices, and pinholes so as to

1.58

1.59

1.60

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prevent the adhesion of foreign matter such as dust, dirt, moss, algae, bacteria, scale formation and rust. If necessary the tank interior shall be coated with an approved material to provide algal resistance. 1.61 All domestic water tanks used for drinking purpose shall be protected from excessive heat, direct sun and ultra-violet rays. The tank exterior shell/panel, fastener, supports, etc. shall be protected against direct weather conditions for the duration of the expected life. This means the tank shall be either insulated or kept indoors or under a protective structural shed. The tank material shall be opaque to help reduce evaporation of disinfectant and inhibit algal growth and the colour of the tank panel and protective wrapping shall aid in reducing heat absorption. Sealant materials used shall be non-toxic, flexible and resistant to ultra violet rays. Sealants should maintain these qualities for the expected life of the tank. The internal tank joints of panels shall be made flush with tank panels to prevent accumulation of deposits and facilitate cleaning. Sealant must not protrude outside joints hindering the cleaning process and aiding dirt accumulation therefore when sealant is extruded it must be trimmed back flush with tank panel.

1.62

1.63

Installation and erection 1.64 Tanks shall be erected above ground level and shall have a clear access of not less than 600mm all around and cylindrical tanks shall have a flat supporting base. Each tank with a capacity of 10,000 litres and above shall have a complete arrangement of flanged water inlet and outlet fittings to BS 4504, otherwise tank connection fittings shall comply with BS 21 along with water fittings suitable for connection to tank inlet and supply pipes. Flexible connectors shall be used wherever necessary to avoid stress and vibration being transferred to the water tank. Preferably tanks should be externally braced for ease of maintenance, cleaning and hygiene.

1.65

1.66

1.67

Tank fittings and accessories 1.68 All metallic parts in contact with water such as panel, bracing, tie rods, angle plates, roof supports etc, shall be of stainless steel grade 316. If other

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than stainless steel grade 316 is used a non-metallic plastic shrinkable tube or an approved similar protective material shall be used. 1.69 At least one access cover shall be provided for each water tank. Access covers shall have an elevated, lockable hinged cover with gasket and locking mechanism. Access holes shall have a suitably sized clear opening of not less than 600mm in diameter if circular otherwise 600 x 600mm. All connections between panels shall be externally flanged for ease of maintenance, cleaning and hygiene considerations. Bolts and nuts shall be of stainless steel grade 316 (other materials can be used provided that bolts heads are cap-protected by a non metallic material such as rubber). Each tank shall be supplied with at least one concave section bottom panel fitted with an arrangement to drain the tank or the panels adjacent to the tank bottom shall be slopped or so designed, that water is effectively channelled to drain panel leaving no water accumulated within the tank. Minimum size of the drain shall not be less than the size of the inlet pipe.

1.70

1.71

Glass reinforced plastic (GRP) water storage tanks
Basic design consideration 1.72 The following criteria shall be used for design consideration, which conform to ADWEA standard specification No. M-SS-013: (a) (b) (c) (d) the maximum tank height shall not exceed 4000mm; the GRP panel safety factor shall be a minimum of 6; Wind velocity shall be based on 21.6 km/hr; the roof panels of the tank shall withstand a maximum load of 100 kgf; dead load of structure; and earth loads shall be determined by the rational soil mechanics method.

(e) (f)

1.73

The tanks shall be manufactured from hot pressed moulded GRP Panels. The tank material shall meet the requirements and the norms of the WRC (Water Research Council, UK).

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The insulated tank panels shall be factory insulated with at least 25mm of polyurethane foam.74 For outdoor bolted tanks. otherwise to BS 4501. tanks with dimensions above 5000 x 5000 x 3000mm (H) will be fitted with a hot dipped galvanized external bracing structure. nuts and washers shall be in stainless steel grade 316 (or above) when in contact with water. Bolts. GRP tanks shall be constructed with internal partition walls to provide separate sections so that one section can be isolated for maintenance while the other section(s) is still operational. It shall be covered with an external permanently fixed cover made of the same material as used in the GRP panels and should be resistant to ultra violet radiation. The allowable deflection of the steel footing shall not exceed 3mm. each tank shall be fitted with hot dipped galvanized mild steel beam/channel skid. The steel skid shall be fixed on the concrete beams by anchor bolts and levelled. All nozzles shall be of uPVC. weather protective and water tight. Each tank shall be permanently equipped with an internal ladder of uPVC or GRP and a hot dipped galvanized external ladder. In this case each section shall be provided with the specified accessories to allow for safe isolation. if required.(a) the GRP sheet moulding compound shall have ultra-violet protection features to ensure long panel life. and all bolts. nuts and washers not in contact with water shall be of stainless steel grade 304. Tanks up to 5000 x 5000 x 3000mm (H) shall be fitted with an internal bracing system comprising angle brackets manufactured in Stainless Steel grade 316. all tank openings shall be flanged. The insulation shall not be exposed to external weather conditions. the base panels shall have a convex shape to assist in the complete draining of water. insulated GRP panels shall be utilized to withstand the temperature extremes. all tanks shall be fitted with roof supports manufactured from uPVC pipes. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) 1. with the flanges rated and drilled to match the supply/discharge pipeline ratings. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 26 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .

75 The tank foundation shall be designed to withstand the total weight of the tank with water including an adequate factor of safety as per the applicable design standards.77 Galvanized steel tanks. The Bureau does not recommend the installation of household water storage tanks made from galvanized mild steel sheets. 1. can be installed provided that. they strictly comply with Gulf Standards No. This is due to the manufacturing quality as well as the observation made on many of existing tanks where poor conditions and rust have affected the water quality. (b) 1. At least two sets of gaskets of the same materials shall be furnished. one set for testing and one set unused and packed separately with proper protection and markings. (a) the construction of the tank foundation shall be carried out in accordance with the tank manufacturer’s requirements. so that moisture may not accumulate under the tank.Storage tanks installation 1.78 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 27 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . Tank foundation shall be rigid and smooth and have an elevated surface. Externally bolted panelled base tanks shall have a 500mm minimum clear access below its base panels. hand holes and other openings which call for blind flanges or covers.76 Gaskets and bolting shall be furnished for all access holes. subject to being approved by the Distribution Company. 588/1995 latest edition for household water storage tanks. and the foundation construction shall allow for adequate drainage of water away from the tank. Galvanized steel tanks 1.

2. and permeability.1 Materials or substances. new pipe work should not be connected to existing lines or other pipe work without appropriate protection being provided against galvanic corrosion.4 Joining of different types of materials 2. presence of contamination in the ground based on soil investigation. BS 6920. The following factors should be considered when determining the suitability of materials and fittings which are. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 28 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .5 Except for plastic pipes. repair or replacement of any water fitting which conveys or receives water supplied for domestic or food production purposes. or will be.2 2.a should be tested by an approved test house and the results certificates shall be provided to the Distribution Company upon request. which cause.1. the effect of ageing. or are likely to cause.1. Water pipelines and fittings Materials and substances used in water fittings General 2. installation. fatigue. For non-metallic materials. in contact with the water supplied.3 2. the effect of internal and external corrosion. Water fittings and materials for water fittings complying with paragraph 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) internal and external temperatures to which they will be subjected. durability and other. either alone or in combination. this requirement is deemed to be met by compliance with the British Standard. deterioration to the quality of water should not be used in the construction. renewal.2. compatibility of different materials.

subject for it to being approved by the Distribution Company or the Bureau. Pipe of higher specification material subject for it to being approved by the Distribution Company or the Bureau. (i) High density polyethylene (HDPE) pipes and fittings to ISO 4427 type PE 100 and ADWEA Standard Specification for Water Works No. W-P-SS-005. Ductile iron pipes and fittings to ISO 2531 or equivalent.6 The water service pipe material is classified to two nominal sizes. and Pipes of higher specification i.e. Medium Density Polyethylene Pipes (MDPE) PE 80 maybe used in low pressure systems. and uPVC pipes and fittings to BS EN 1425. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 29 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . up to or equal 65mm nominal diameter and 65mm and above. copper pipes to BS EN 1057 with fittings to BS EN 12165/BS 864. Stainless Steel. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (b) water service connection pipes of 65mm diameter and larger shall be of one of the following. and Steel pipes to BS 1387. GRE/ GRP pipes and fittings to BS 5480. The requirement in respect of pipes and pipe specifications are included in Annex B: (a) water service pipes less up to 65mm in diameter shall be of one of the following: (i) Medium Density Polyethylene Pipes (MDPE) PE 80 (The most common type of service connection pipes used by the Distribution Companies). uPVC pipes and fittings to BS EN 1452.High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) PE 100 maybe used in high pressure systems.Water service connection pipes 2.

any substance which may cause contamination. or is likely to cause. 2. Water fittings made of plastics or other material which are likely to be damaged by exposure to oil. to dezincification. petrol or any other contaminant.Plastics and permeable materials 2. or temperature fluctuation to which it is likely to be subjected. or should be protected.11 Water fittings General 2. All concealed water fittings. 2.8 2. should not be laid or installed in such a location.10 Water fittings are to be resistant to corrosion and. except terminal fittings. Water fittings that are made of a material which is susceptible to permeation by any fluid that causes. vibration. pressure surges. are required to be manufactured of gunmetal or other dezincification resistant materials. watertight and be so constructed and installed as to: (i) (ii) prevent ingress by contaminants. stress or settlement. constructed of material of such strength and thickness as to resist damage from any external load. be so installed as to minimize the risk of permeation by. contamination of water passing through the fitting.7 Water fittings should be installed to minimize any risk of contamination by permeation of fluids through the material or materials used. together with backflow prevention devices.12 Every water fitting shall be: (a) immune to or protected from corrosion by galvanic action or by any other process which is likely to result in contamination or waste of water.9 Dezincification resistant materials 2. where specified. or deterioration from contact with. (including those buried underground). should not be laid in contaminated ground. and (b) (c) Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 30 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .

14 Water fittings should be adequately supported. or which consists of a joint. their seals: (a) (b) can be readily renewed or replaced. whether manually or electronically. tank or other apparatus used for conveying or receiving potable water shall convey or receive non-potable water. servicing valves and draining taps should be designed so that. no pipe. do not incorporate a loose washer plate. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 31 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . the development of air locks or reverberation. stop valves. where applicable. and water fittings should be adequately protected against damage from any cause. including thermal movement. in accordance with BS 6700. Every pipe shall be properly and adequately supported and shall be laid and fixed so as to avoid sagging.18 Draw-off taps. no water fitting shall be embedded in any wall or solid floor. 2. shall be a concealed water fitting. (e) (f) (g) (h) Water tightness of fittings 2.15 2. cistern. no water fitting shall be installed. Allowance should be made to accommodate any reasonable foreseeable movement.13 Water fittings are to be watertight and suitable for the prevailing temperatures likely to be encountered within the installation. the spacing for support being dependent on the material of the pipes. No bend or curve in any pipe shall be made so as to significantly diminish or alter the internal diameter or strength of the pipe in any part.16 2. no fitting which is designed to be operated or maintained. Fixing of water fittings 2.17 Stopvalves.(iii) (d) be adequately supported. connected or used which is likely to have a detrimental effect on the quality or pressure of water in a water main or other pipe of the Distribution Company. including the environment through which they pass. servicing valves and drain taps 2.

21 Where a customer is connected directly to a supply pipe. for example. In determining the maximum operating pressure to which the system is subjected. When installed. pressure resulting from static head or building height. that pipes.22 Back-syphonage 2. Transient pressure increases or surge (water hammer) may be generated by the rapid closure of a valve. (d) Pressure requirements 2. pressure caused by pumps in any water supply installation where pumps are installed. fittings and apparatus shall be free from backflowing and back-syphonage at all times and that waste or contamination of the water supply shall be prevented. of installation of all pipes. 2. and Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 32 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . float-operated valves.20 (b) (c) Surge pressures 2. and can be operated at the appropriate water temperature and pressure.19 All water fittings should be capable of withstanding an internal water pressure of not less than 1. fittings or apparatus shall be such that: (a) (b) the creation of a negative pressure of air in the pipes shall be avoided. 2.(c) can be designed and manufactured so that they may be easily closed to shut off the supply of water. spherical valves or disc valves.23 The method. attenuation devices or water hammer arresters may reduce the effects of surge.5 times the maximum operating pressure. the increase in static pressure in the following instances should be taken into consideration: (a) pressure in the supply pipe during night periods when there may be little demand on the system. the internal test pressure applied to the installation must take into consideration any transient or surge pressures which may be generated within the system.

is enclosed in any chase or duct. 2. 2. where enclosed.24 Unless they are located in an internal wall which is not a solid wall. and installed below a suspended or solid floor at ground level. the casing or duct shall be so constructed as to afford ready means of access to the pipes and fittings for examination.27 In this paragraph ‘concealed water fitting’ means a water fitting which. if necessary be readily removed and replaced. footing or foundation.26 Concealed fittings 2. or is in any other position which is inaccessible or renders access difficult. replacement and operation. (a) (b) (c) (d) is installed below ground. repair. water fittings should not be: (a) (b) (c) located in the cavity of a cavity wall embedded in any wall or solid floor.25 Except where specifically approved by the Distribution Company all pipes and fittings shall be arranged so as to be readily accessible and. Location of water fittings 2. Accessibility of fittings 2. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 33 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . a duct which may be readily exposed. or to which there is access.(c) prevent back flow by using appropriate type of Backflow prevention arrangement.28 A concealed pipe may be installed in a pipe sleeve or duct located under or within a solid floor provided that the pipe can be readily removed and replaced. passes through or under any wall. or under a suspended floor which may. The point of discharge of any pipe shall be in a position readily accessible for inspection. Duct ends must be sealed to prevent ingress of foreign material.

31 2. or installed in any foul soil or other substance which could cause contamination of either the water in the pipe or deterioration of the pipe material. No pipe shall be laid. Every water fitting and every component of a water fitting or any pipe below ground which may be in contact with water shall be resistant. unless fed independently from a storage cistern. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 34 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . soakaway or refuse pit.32 2. the water fittings should be installed as deep as is practicable below the finished ground level and be adequately protected against damage.35 Jointing should be by threaded connections to BSP. or into or through any manure hole. or immune to dezincification.36 Irrigation supply 2.34 Jointings of fittings 2. When passing through the foundations of a building the service pipe shall be fitted in a sleeve or duct installed during the construction of the building.37 Every pipe supplying a tap used for garden watering or other outdoor use shall be provided with a non-return valve. installed or allowed to remain in a position where such permeation could reasonably be expected to occur. and with the written approval of the Distribution Company.29 Every service pipe laid in the ground shall be 750mm deep. taper thread to BS 21 or to flanged connections drilled to BS 4504 Water fittings installed underground. No service or distributing pipe shall be laid or fixed so as to pass into or through any sewer or drain. 2. 2. or any manhole connected therewith. cesspool. embedded in any wall or solid floor should not be jointed or connected to any other water fitting by adhesives.33 2. No pipe made of any material susceptible to permeation by any gas or other substance which could cause contamination of the water in the pipe shall be laid. except where the depth is reduced at the entry to and exit from a meter chamber. septic tank. at no time be less than 500mm and more than 1000mm below the surface of the ground. measured from the top of the pipe to the ground surface. Where compliance with the minimum cover of 500mm is impracticable.30 2.Depth of pipes laid in the ground 2.

wall or floor tiling or wallpaper. above floor level and prevent the supply of water to any part of the premises. which requires removal to access the door or cover. Operational fittings may be located in a duct or access chamber provided with a hinged door or removable cover which is visible at all times. 2. The door or cover should not be covered with any decorative material such as carpet.39 Stopvalves to premises 2.38 Operational fittings such as stop valves. Stop valves shall be located inside premises.42 Cross connection to unwholesome water and backflow prevention 2. 2.40 Every supply and distributing pipe providing water to premises should be fitted with a stop valve to control the supply to those premises only.Operational fittings 2. or be connected so that it can convey other than potable water supplied by the Distribution Company unless a backflow device approved by the Distribution Company is installed.43 Any water fitting conveying: (a) rain water. backflow 2.45 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 35 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . To prevent contamination to any part of the water installation and to prevent the backflow of water from the installation to the supply mains. servicing valves and drain taps should be readily accessible for operation and maintenance.41 2. (b) shall be clearly identified so as to be easily distinguished from any supply pipe or distributing pipe. Every supply and distributing pipe providing water in common to two or more premises is to be fitted with a stop valve (whether inside or outside the premises) to which each occupier of the premises has access. or any fluid that is not potable water. That means shutting off the supply to a premises means that it will be the only premises that will disconnected. 2.44 No internal distribution pipe or pump delivery pipe drawing water from a storage tank shall convey. recycled water or well water and any fluid other than water supplied by a Distribution Company.

a renewable seat and a washer which are resistant to both corrosion and erosion by water. 2.50 Float-operated valves and other fittings for controlling flow to cisterns or tanks should: (a) be capable of controlling the flow of water into any cistern or apparatus and. or where the Distribution Company or Bureau or person authorised in accordance with these Regulations has given notice that such prevention is needed for the whole or part of any premises. be watertight and remain watertight. or have some other no less effective valve closure assembly. Servicing valves should be fitted as close as is reasonably practical to float operated valves or the other inlet devices of an appliance. and have a lifting effort such that when not more than half immersed. incorporate. have a float which is constructed of a material capable of withstanding without leaking any water temperature in which it operates or is likely to operate.prevention shall be provided on any tank.47 Inlets to all float-operated valves and all cisterns should be provided with a servicing valve to facilitate maintenance. and when the valve is closed. withstand without bending or distorting a force twice that to which it (b) (c) (d) Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 36 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . as applicable. 2. as applicable. and when acting via an operating lever. (b) Provision of servicing valves 2.46 The method of backflow prevention and the type shall be in accordance with BS 6700: (a) where it is necessary to prevent backflow between separately occupied premises. supply pipe or internal distribution pipe. the valve is capable of drop-tight closure against the maximum operating pressure at that elevation in the building. Servicing valves may be of the screw-down or spherical type.49 Float-operated valves 2.48 2. when closed.

55 Installation of pipes and ducts 2.52 Disconnection. Having regard to any scale which is likely to be deposited on the valve or float.18.2. So far as is reasonably practicable. using a surveyor's level and properly established bench marks alongside the work. 2. Such consumers must.54 All service pipe work shall be accurately located in plan and elevation to suit the requirement of the water supply layouts and general arrangement drawings and as required by the approved design. in the case of a 15mm size valve.53 Any draw-off fitting that is permanently removed from the installation should have the branch pipe serving the fitting disconnected at its source.51 Float-operated valves which are subject to hot water at the inlet should conform to clause 2. Every device or valve installed for controlling the inflow of water (other than float-operated valves) shall be capable of controlling the flow of water in to the cistern. their operation should not be prevented or impaired by scale. the valve should be capable of being adjusted to prevent any flow through the valve above the required water level. be constructed so that the water shut-off level may be altered or adjusted without bending the float lever. All socketted pipes shall be laid with the sockets facing upstream.a) and be constructed of materials capable of withstanding without leaking any ordinary operating water temperature to which they are likely to be subjected. All pipes shall be fully Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 37 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . The owner/responsible person should apply to the Distribution Company for the supply to be disconnected. apply to the Distribution Company to have the supply disconnected to prevent damages.is ordinarily subject and. Sight rails shall be set in position. 2. This Guide applies in particular to consumers who wish to demolish a building to which a supply pipe has been laid. Setting out 2. waste or contamination of the water supply. redundant fittings and dead ends 2. The practice of "transferring" levels by means of a straight edge and spirit level shall not be permitted. prior to the commencement of demolition work.56 The water supply pipes shall be installed preferably in straight lines with proprietary fittings used at any change in direction or level. 2.

all pipes and fittings shall be examined carefully to ensure that they are sound.61 Detectable tape 2. floors or ceilings they shall be sleeved and sealed. 2. All the changes in the design shall be subject to the approval of the Distribution Company. positions of the manholes etc.57 Immediately prior to laying. Any part length used shall be cut squarely and cleanly at the end. All concealed pipes within walls. tapers. with the Distribution Company. ground/invert levels. No damaged or defective items shall be used. Before the commencement and for the smooth progress of the pipe work installation. ceilings or floors shall be run within a protective conduit. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 38 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . All pipes shall be clean before installation and jointing.58 2. All water supply pipes may include bends. When pipes pass through walls.supported at the intervals and using mounting in strict accordance with the recommendations of the pipe manufacturer. Tape shall be installed 250mm above the buried pipe and shall be in accordance with the following specification1: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) tape width – 250mm tape material – plastic tensile strength – 10 n/mm2 detection strip width – 50mm detection strip material – plastic aluminium coated 1 The detection strip shall be sealed along its edge.60 2.62 Where Water Supply Systems are run underground. junctions and other special pipes of a particular pattern as required. the Responsible Person shall coordinate and finalize the routes. 2.59 2. pipe shall be adequately protected and marked using detectable tape.

If the excavated material contains stones larger than 40mm the bedding material must be extended 150mm around the circumference of the pipe. When dug material is not suitable.(f) (g) colour – blue printing – caution – water pipe below (in Arabic and English) Pipe bedding and surrounding material 2.1 Range of pipe nominal diameter Up to 65mm 80mm to 150mm 150mm and over Pipe bedding and surrounding material Coarse sands up to 5mm nominal size 10 to 14mm nominal single sized or 5 to 14mm graded aggregate 10. When the excavated material is suitable.1. the bottom of the trench shall be trimmed and loosened to form the bed. The remainder of the trench may be backfilled with suitable excavated material. Requirements for imported material for bedding and surrounding nominal pipe size (complying with BS 882: Part. 2. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 39 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . otherwise the trench shall be excavated to a depth below the invert level to allow for the thickness of bedding material.63 Pipe bedding and surrounding material shall be well rounded not angular. see Table 2. imported granular material shall be used to provide 100mm bedding and surrounding material. No sharp material shall be in contact with the supply pipe. Alternatively the backfill can be graded to eliminate stones exceeding 40mm and this selected backfill used for the first 300mm around the circumference of the pipe.65 2.66 All surround and backfill materials up to 500mm above the pipe shall be loose laid and hand compacted only.68 All chambers and pits shall be constructed of reinforced concrete or of solid concrete blocks to the internal dimensions laid out in BS 5834 or of a material approved by the Distribution Company. Chambers and pits shall be designed for the vehicular or other loading to which they will be subjected.2) Table 2.67 Valve chambers and pits 2.64 2. 14 or 20mm single sized or 5 to 14mm or 5 to 20mm graded aggregate 2.

2. rigid pipe materials such as copper.72 2. backfilling. joints and fittings shall be tested prior to surrounding. fittings and connections to an internal test pressure of 1. disinfection and flushing Testing 2. 2.5 times the maximum allowable operating pressure (MAOP) for the installation or the relevant part for a maximum of 3 hours.73 2.76 Testing procedure 2.74 Testing.69 Foundations to chambers and pits shall be of concrete complying with the relevant clauses of the Concrete Specification and shall finish flush with the chambers and pit sides unless specifically otherwise required. etc). The ends of all pipes shall be neatly built into the block work and finished flush with mortar. The internal surfaces of concrete block walls shall be rendered with cement and sand 1:2 mortar 10mm thick and the rendering shall be finished with a smooth and even surface.75 The whole installation up to the roof cistern should be tested hydraulically on completion by subjecting all supply and distributing pipes. For systems that do not include any plastics pipes (that is. Entry to deep manhole chambers (>1500mm) shall be by means of one or more caged vertical aluminium ladders. aluminium steps as specified in BS 1247 part 3 shall be built in at vertical intervals of 300mm. Where subsequent pipe work is to be installed an adequate length of free end is to be left for later coupling. stainless steel. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 40 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . the requirement shall be in accordance to BS 6700.77 The water supply pipelines. building in to walls and floors or other concealment.70 2. Manhole covers and frames shall be of coated cast-iron complying with BS EN 124 or equivalent and shall be designed for the loading category to which they will be subjected.71 2. Where the depth of invert of manholes exceeds one meter below the finished ground level. with alternate steps in line vertically and at 225mm centre to centre horizontally. 2.

fittings. and any joint or item showing signs of leakage shall be rejected.84 Disinfection 2. the following shall be considered: (a) Sodium hypochlorite (food grade): (i) The system must be filled with chlorinated water at an initial concentration of 20mg/1 for a contact period 1 hour. the system shall be immediately drained and thoroughly flushed with clean water.81 2.85 For a service connection larger than 50mm in diameter. shall be carefully examined. 2. valves etc. All sections or items rejected shall be removed and replaced.82 2.79 2. Flushing (ii) Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 41 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . joints. and the test shall be repeated to the satisfaction of the Distribution Company. After successful chlorination.78 All tests shall be performed in convenient sections for each system in the presence of and to the satisfaction of the Distribution Company where requested. Prior to the commencement of testing the system shall be thoroughly cleaned by flushing with potable quality water to ensure no foreign matter remains within the pipe. If the free residual chlorine measured at the end of the contact period is less than 10mg/1 the disinfection process shall be repeated until 10mg/1 is reached or as instructed by the Distribution company. All gauges used shall be in good operating condition and shall be accompanied by the valid respective calibration and test certificates and be of a condition that is satisfactory to the Distribution Company.80 2.2. The test pressure shall be applied gradually by means of a suitable pump connected to the pipe in a manner satisfactory to the Distribution Company. During the test all exposed pipes. The pipes shall then be filled and allowed to stand for a period of 24 hours before testing. During the filling operation care must be taken to ensure that there is no entrapped air in the system.83 2.

90 The pipeline shall not be considered acceptable until faecal coliforms are undetectable in a 100ml sample. Flushing 2. As for the bacterial count. the recorded total chlorine (minimum of 0.88 2. If the residual of the approved disinfectant at the end of the contact time is less than the manufacturer’s recommendation. Once flushed. If the tests show that a satisfactory potable water standard has not been achieved. Chemical and bacteriological tests shall normally be undertaken by the Distribution Company laboratory or a laboratory approved by the Bureau.0m/s water velocity in the main pipeline Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 42 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . the test shall be repeated. the water in the new pipelines shall be allowed to stand for a further 24 hours. 2. Flushing entry and exit points shall be designed to allow a minimum of 1. (b) Other disinfectants: (i) The system shall be filled with the approved disinfectant solution at the initial concentration and for the contact time specified by the manufacturer. 2.87 2.86 For a service connection less than 50mm in diameter the Distribution company must be satisfied that water supplied is wholesome. Samples shall then be taken from locations directed by the Distribution Company and immediately submitted for chemical and bacteriological testing at an approved laboratory.2 and maximum 0. the new pipeline shall be flushed out by potable water from the existing mains to which the new pipeline or network is or will be connected.89 Acceptance criteria for disinfection 2.91 After all hydrostatic testing and disinfection has been completed and pipeline is ready in all other respects.shall continue until the free residual chlorine is at the level present in the potable water supplied.5mg/l) and the pH shall be within acceptable limits as defined within the Water Quality Regulations. Should the hydrostatic test fail and repair work involve emptying the pipeline then the disinfection and subsequent testing procedures shall be repeated. the disinfection procedure shall be repeated.

to remove any sand or other debris. Discharge of flushing water into the existing storm water system shall be subject to approval of the relevant Authorities. The quantity of flushing water shall be calculated as the equivalent to 3 times the volume of the pipeline to be flushed unless directed otherwise by the Distribution Company. into road tankers. if feasible.92 Flushing water shall be discharged via temporary discharge lines to the surrounding open desert area or into the existing storm water system or. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 43 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . 2.

6 3. Lifting pumps 3.4 For multi-story buildings and in high rise buildings particularly. it is prohibited to use suction pumps to draw water from the Distribution Company mains or system unless prior approval is obtained from the Distribution Company. The alternative method of supply is by a direct boosting system from the ground storage tank directly to the premises by the use of lifting pump and pressure vessel system where the customer is on a continuous boosted supply.7 Suction pumps 3. Pump head shall not be more than 2 bars. A by-pass over the boosting pump shall be provided.5 3. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 44 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . Pressure reducing valves shall be considered in the internal distribution system where a high pressure pump is specified. Only under special circumstances will the Distribution Company consider approving such installations.1 It is strictly prohibited to install any type of suction pump whether it is external or internally located for the purpose of directly drawing water from the Distribution Company’s water supply system. However this system must be approved by the Distribution Company. the top two to three stories of the buildings shall be fed by pressure maintaining pumps drawing water from the roof cistern or tanks to overcome low pressure or loss of supply. Water pumps 3.8 As noted above.3 Pressure maintaining pumps 3. 3. 3. The flow rate of the pump shall be selected in such a way that the overhead tank is filled within one to two hours.3.2 The lifting pump is the pump installed for the purpose of pumping water from the ground storage tank to the roof cistern.

10 Circulation pumps shall be provided for tanks with irregular shape. permanent water connection shall be withheld until such pumps are removed. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 45 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . Furthermore. Circulation pumps 3.9 Design drawings including such a pump shall not be approved.3. narrow passages or closed parts. The flow rate of such pumps shall ensure that the whole tank capacity is circulated within six hours.

Any building.7 4. The building service or utility water requirements (air conditioning. or sub main of the Distribution Company’s water network shall be metered in a manner approved by the Distribution Company using an approved measuring device. and the relevant parts of the Guide.6 4. A metering installation needs to meet the following requirements: (a) (b) (c) the Water Revenue Meters Regulations CD/R01/003. house keeping rooms. The service pipe supplying multi-storey buildings shall also be metered. This is to ensure water losses or leakages inside the premises boundary are detected and repaired. Access to the metering installations shall be made available to authorized officers of the Distribution Company for the purpose of meter reading.4. the relevant section of BS 6700:1997. This requirement will be determined and approved by the Distribution Company.3 4. part of building or premises divided into isolated flats (separate occupation) shall be separately metered. The size and type of meter shall be appropriate for the individual customers overall consumption pattern and maximum flow rates. Open commercial spaces with one or more self contained units located separately shall also be metered separately.4 4. garbage room.2 4. Swimming pools shall be metered separately. 4.5 4.1 All potable water outlets supplying water for various uses and connected directly or indirectly to the water main.8 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 46 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . Water meter provision and installation arrangements General arrangements 4. public toilets and general services) may be supplied from one meter.

12 The meter must be protected from illegal tampering and prevent access to components which may affect its metrological characteristics.10 4. The meter numbering system must be approved by the Distribution Company. The meter number if unprotected. the customer shall inform the Distribution Company.9 All water meters used for measuring any supply of water for charging purposes must be in compliance with the Water Supply Regulations and any specific revenue metering regulations issued by the Bureau. A customer shall be legally liable if found responsible for such an act. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 47 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . water meters shall be housed in an approved manner in either cabinets or chambers as approved by the Distribution Company. it should then be protected by a toughened clear plastic or glass cover. The meter must have a valid manufacturer’s or other approved agent’s seal in place.Meter standards and regulations 4. No customer shall be permitted to remove or replace a meter. In order to provide this protection. They should be approved by the Distribution Company and conform to BS 5728 Class C/ISO 4064-1-1993/OIML R-49-1 as well as the relevant ADWEA specification. must be engraved on the meter body on the same side as the reading display window.11 Illegal tampering 4. Water meters using electronic principles are acceptable so long as they are approved and compliant with the applicable clauses of the standard (Section 7-B3).13 Water meter housing 4. Where seals have become damaged or removed. maltreatment and tampering. If the meter number is written on the counter face of the meter. The Distribution Company or a person authorized by the Distribution Company is only authorized to replace or remove a meter. 4. 4.14 Water meters are calibrated measurement devices and require some degree of protection against physical shock.

R. such as water meter and lockable valve and secured as if ready for connection.16 4. Rooms housing water meters shall have the following characteristics: 4. Water meter cabinets shall have either louvered panels or shall have visible reinforced glass doors opening side ways depending on the location and as per Distribution Company’s recommendation. Internal meters shall be located in safe and easily accessible locations.22 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 48 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . The water meter box shall be of robust construction of GRP with an UV stabilizer.15 Externally installed water meters of sizes up to and including 32mm diameter should be housed in cabinet(s) which are intended for the use on service connections.18 4.19 4. at such height that the centre of the reading window is approx. Where required by the Distribution Company.17 4.21 Internally installed water meters can be either installed in wall mounted cabinets with doors made of aluminium or reinforced glass or in a separate meter room. Externally installed meters of sizes more than 32mm shall be installed under ground and housed in water tight chambers and shall be sized so that ample space is available for maintenance activities. Wall mounted lockable water-meter cabinets shall be installed on or inset into the building wall. 1400 mm above the finished ground level or sidewalk level. A multimeter cabinet could be used provided that the spacing between meters and all other requirements of the Distribution Company are met. 4. All cabinets shall be provided with locks and drain outlets connected to an approved drain system by the Distribution Company. The chamber shall be fitted with a cover marked ‘water meter’ of a sufficient strength to carry anticipated loads or as per the Distribution Company recommendation.Externally installed meters 4. GRP cabinets shall have a provision for installation through a recess in the wall.20 Internally installed meters 4. examples of water meter cabinet(s) submitted for approval must be complete with all the necessary internal fittings.P) or a material approved by the Distribution Company. The cabinet should be manufactured of press moulded fibre glass (G.

Water meter installation 4.(a) a standard room size of a width not less than 1000mm and suitable length.24 Tags shall be of plastic rigid material and at least 50 x 25mm in size. the meter(s) shall be fixed in a vertical position with suitable support. Corrosive or plastic clamping is not permitted. 4. an electric light shall be provided.25 the account number specified by the Sale Division.27 4. Pipe work shall be firmly fixed to prevent movement of the flexible joints within the meter assembly. and an engraved sign board reading (water meter room) of size not less than 200 x 100mm shall be glued to the door of the room on the outside.23 4. Meters of 40mm and larger are generally installed horizontally or according to the Distribution Company requirements and manufacture recommendation(s). (b) (c) (d) (e) Water meter identification tags 4. a floor drain shall be provided. Where a drain valve is required it shall be installed immediately downstream of the meter.28 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 49 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . and title of the premises served by the meter.26 Each meter shall be provided on both sides with an isolating valve of the same size as the meter and suitable connectors to facilitate future meter changes. Tags shall be screwed on to the wall or back of the cabinet. Tags shall have the following information engraved with a different colour to the tag: (a) (b) 4. Meters can be fixed horizontally or vertically so long as they are designed to operate in such orientation and depending on the meter nominal size diameter.

The diameter of the distribution pipe from overhead tanks to consumers shall be gradually reduced if the height of the tanks above curb-stone level is more than 50 metres.38 Locations shall be individually determined by survey of the existing or proposed position of the ground water tank in each plot.35 4.31 Pressure reducing valves 4. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 50 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .34 4. Such locations shall be plotted on a scale plan of the sector and the proposed positions of the meter boxes indicated. Centre to centre spacing of meters shall not be less than 170mm for meter sizes less than 40mm in diameter. Pressure reducing valves may be installed inside the meter cabinet or room.Grouping of water meters 4. Where the water meter is susceptible to regular intermittent supply. Multi-meter cabinets for two or four meters can be used. 4.36 4. Centre to centre spacing of meters should not be less than 170mm and an edge meter clearance not less than 100mm from the cabinet side and approved by the Distribution Company.29 Water meters can be installed in groups with not more than 20 meters per group. provided the size is increased to accommodate all the meters. the Distribution Company shall specify an appropriate meter that does not account for air volumes or an approved air venting device must be installed prior to the meter.33 4. The plans shall be submitted to the Distribution Company for approval. Each pressure reducing valve shall have a quick cut-off valve on either side and shall have a provision for both a pressure gauge connection and a drain cock.37 Location of water meters 4.32 Pressure reducing valves shall be used on the upstream side of the meter if the pressure at that point is likely to exceed 2 bars One pressure reducing valve may be used for each group of meters.30 4. 4.

garbage rooms.45 Prior to final installation and operation of any water meter it shall be confirmed by the installer that the pipeline.43 4.40 (c) Meter installation 4.42 4.44 Setting out 4. pump rooms. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 51 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . villas and shall be installed inside the property boundaries for premises supplied from a common service connection. inside rooms reserved for other services such as electricity or telephone. meter body and fittings are free of debris and potential pollutants. The straight length at the inlet of the water meter shall be at least 10 times the meter nominal diameter and the length at the outlet shall be at least 5 times the meter nominal diameter. and over the top roof of the building or where the access is by means other than the main concrete staircases unless approved by the Distribution Company. 4. 4. The flange pressure rating shall be as given in the particular specification or data sheet. A straight length of pipeline shall be provided upstream and downstream of the flow-meter to prevent flow turbulence affecting the accuracy of the flow measurement.41 The flanged connection shall be drilled according to ISO 7005-2 raised face.39 The location of the meter box for each plot shall generally be positioned outside the plot boundary or mounted on the boundary wall at a standardised height for single supplied properties for example. Meter locations shall be approved by the Distribution Company and meters should not be installed in any of the following locations: (a) (b) inside the customer premises. filter rooms. The installation of the flow meter shall be such that it is possible to remove the meter at any time and replace it with the appropriate length of the spool piece.4.

Applications for connections in sectors not as yet served with distribution mains shall automatically be put on hold until such a distribution main is available. 25. Fittings for polyethylene service connection pipes such as tees. Service connection 5. The ferrule valve shall be closed till the service connection work is completed and tested. elbows. 20.4 Service connection tapping 5. 32. The tapping to the pipeline shall be done though the saddle strap using a tapping machine approved by the Distribution Company.6 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 52 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .3 5. Screw down ferrules shall be fitted to the saddle straps. connectors. 25.5. adaptors.1 A water service connection is a water connection performed by the Distribution Company or performed under the supervision of the Distribution Company. 32. No other party is allowed to perform this connection unless authorized by the Distribution Company. Standard service connection 5.5 Service connections are generally tapped to a distribution main using ferrules of size 15. The size of the service connection will only be determined by the Distribution Company. Saddle straps with flat boss shall be installed on to the main water pipeline. For guidance the standard service connections for villas and houses are normally of sizes 15. 40 and 50mm by installing the polyethylene service connection pipe including all auxiliary fittings from the tapping point up to the consumer water entry point. shall be compression type or push fit type as per the particular specifications. Supply through other means may however be made available according to the Distribution Company existing arrangements. couplings etc. The connection is laid from the water distribution network main pipe by installing a service connection pipe generally made from polyethylene. 40 or 50mm nominal bore diameter and predominantly 20mm. including all auxiliary fittings from the tapping point up to the consumer entry point. 20. 5. 5.2 Service connections are provided to consumers when the distribution main is available in the vicinity of the plot.

gate valve and nonreturn valve shall be installed in the concrete water meter chamber. Warning tape shall be provided over the polyethylene pipe/uPVC protection pipe in green and unpaved areas. Connectors. 5. All concrete chambers for service connection shall have a ductile iron or aluminium cover as specified by the Distribution Company. bends. The box shall contain a non-return valve. 32. The portion of the polyethylene service connection pipe between the finished surface level and the GRP box shall be protected with 40mm polyethylene protection tube fixed to the wall using 2 No.9 Gate valves shall be provided for service connection to allow for the isolation of the consumer connection. 25 and 32mm service connections the gate valve shall be installed in a concrete stop valve chamber.Service connection piping 5. brass clamps.10 5. 20. 25 and 32mm service connections.12 5. For 40 and 50mm service connections the water meter. For 40 and 50mm connections the gate valve shall be installed in a concrete meter chamber.8 Service connection fittings 5. GRP water meter boxes fixed on the boundary wall of the consumer plot/premises shall be provided.13 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 53 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . 20.11 5. 40 and 50mm polyethylene pipes or as required by the Distribution Company. lockable valve. adaptors shall be provided as necessary. 5. The uPVC pipe shall be 110mm diameter for 15 and 20 m polyethylene pipes and 160 mm diameter for 25. In sidewalk and paved areas the uPVC protection pipe shall be encased in reinforced concrete. For 15. water meter and a remote read-out unit. The polyethylene pipe shall be installed in a uPVC protection pipe (duct) class 10 for protection and ease of maintenance. For 15. Concrete pulling boxes shall be provided at locations where the polyethylene service connection pipe changes direction at a 90º angle or as instructed by the Distribution Company. The uPVC protection pipe shall be provided in all green and unpaved areas.7 The polyethylene pipe shall be laid without joints or unnecessary bends from the ferrule up to the consumer entry point. The valve shall be installed at a point as near as possible to the tapping point.

16 Service connection to HDPE 5. 5. Joints can be either by electro-fusion or butt-fusion in accordance with the Distribution Company/Manufacturer’s recommendations. Such connections are generally of size 100mm and above.19 Tee-connection 5. Each bulk consumer measuring point shall be equipped with the following as a minimum: (a) (b) provision for installing flow measuring instrument. Bulk consumers service connection 5.14 The top level of the chambers shall be raised or lowered according to the level of the nearest sidewalk or road kerbstone.15 The polyethylene service connection pipe shall be terminated within a chamber or meter box or as instructed by the Distribution Company. a service connection could be arranged by using a T-connection from the distribution main. Fittings required for service connection are dependant on the type of connection.18 Bulk consumers such as palaces.20 For bulk water consumers. commercial and industrial premises shall be provided with a suitable sized service connection approved by the Distribution Company. 5. connecting the distribution main and the consumer’s water storage tank.5. Service connection terminal points 5. The connections in general are terminated with a gate valve and a water meter. The water meter shall be installed in the service line. and a sample valve which can be used as air vent. 5.17 MDPE service connections to HDPE pipelines shall be done using electrofusion tee branches and MDPE pipe.21 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 54 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .

Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 55 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . Type of service connections 5.23 There are two types of service cons: (a) temporary – made to the premises for a limited period and as approved by the Distribution Company. testing and commissioning of piping works and systems for ductile iron. and others. industrial. commercial. Steel and uPVC.24 Connections can be divided according to the intended use: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) residential.Piping arrangements 5. permanent – made to the premises after completing the connection arrangement. (b) 5. agricultural.22 The piping arrangement for installation shall be followed as defined within the relevant sections of ADWEA Water Works Standard Specification for the construction. GRP.

fittings suppliers or manufacturers' agents shall apply in writing and if required to do so shall submit standard samples of pipes. scaffolding. regulations and safety orders and practices of the Distribution Company covering working conditions.4 Safety requirements 6.2 The Distribution Company reserves the right to inspect the water fitting installation in the premises at any time during work progress to ensure the requirements under this Guide are complied with. Customers. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 56 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . safety and quality control Approval of water fittings 6. lighting. fire and explosion hazards. fittings. trenching. solvents. The Distribution Company has the right to ensure that hygiene procedures related to the installation of water fittings are followed during work carried out by the Responsible Person. safety equipment.5 All necessary precautions shall be taken to ensure the safety of personnel and property. 6. inspection. Approvals. clothing. Inspection and testing 6. Quality control 6. chemicals. The work practices shall comply with applicable national or local codes. and apparatus etc. Responsible Persons.6. venting and grounding of tanks. The Distribution Company may request that individuals involved in the work undergo a qualification test prepared in accordance with the Distribution Company practices and standards to ensure a quality work is delivered. hoisting. to the Distribution Company for approving their products.1 For the purpose of ensuring that water fittings comply with this Guide.3 A copy of the quality assurance/quality control program or QA/QC Certificate shall be submitted to the Distribution Company if deemed necessary to ensure the Responsible Person has in place a quality control system compliant with ISO 9001/2000 or equivalent.

When working in confined areas. thinners or solvents shall be kept in tightly closed metal containers while not in use and disposed of in an environmentally appropriate fashion once the work is completed. especially in close proximity to oxygen piping or oxygen equipment. Extreme precautions shall be taken when working with paint materials.6. Heavy concentrations of volatile or toxic fumes shall be avoided.6 Rags and other waste material soiled with paints. 6. cleaning fluids etc. blowers or exhaust fans shall be used.7 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 57 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .

dimension and actual net capacity for ground and overhead water tanks with water piping details. Details shall include the following: (a) (b) location and size of the main connection chamber. A.1 Fill in a water connection questionnaire application (available from the Distribution Company). Submit an overall detailed drawing showing building (Riser/Diagram) as well as horizontal plans for the building floors including architectural details.Annex A: Procedure of connection Steps for connection A. location of water meters and housing rooms or meter boxes. details of vertical cross sections showing levels dimension. location of Fire Fighting pumps. type of access covers and respective sizes. (h) (i) (j) (k) Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 58 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .3 (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) state head and duty of water lifting pumps to roof cistern and booster pumps to specific building floor/water utility locations. the encasing sleeves and float valves.2 A. show head and duty of tanks’ drainage pumps and drain location. pipes. size and type of the pipes feeding the ground tanks. roof cistern overflow pipes. material types and capacity for: (i) (ii) water tanks. main connection chamber. sizes of tanks' ventilation distribution pipes. location of tanks’ access covers. locations. location and size of tanks’ sump pit and drain pit if any.

Use the metric unit system in drawings except for tank capacities. of meters (commercial buildings). meter size. Unless specified by the Distribution Company. the recorded water tank capacities in drawings shall be the actual water capacities not volumes. and use single line diagrams for water pumps.6 A.(iii) (iv) (v) A. of units/floor..5 A.7 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 59 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . A. cumulative horizontal meters. Unless otherwise specified. Attach a water meter schedule with details of floor No.4 meter cabinets. otherwise a re-approval request shall be submitted. preliminary drawings' approval is valid for a maximum of one year. no. unit name. which shall be stated in imperial gallons. single line diagram for water pumps. meter type and total no.

6 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 60 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .18g/10min. B. melt flow rate measured according to ISO 1133 – at 2. fittings and meter specification Pipes Polyethylene pipes B. If rework material is added or used. UV stabilisers and pigments necessary for the manufacturing of the pipes and conforming to the requirements of ADWEA and international specifications. and thermal conductivity = 0. The pipes shall be suitable for use above ground and underground for conveying potable water at a working pressure up to 12 bars. elongation at break >600%.2 B.5 B. The thermal stability of polyethylene material shall meet the requirements of ISO 4427. The material of the polyethylene pipe which is in contact with or likely to come in contact with wholesome water shall not constitute a toxic hazard.16kg load = 0.1 Polyethylene service connection pipes shall be medium density polyethylene pipes (MDPE) and shall comply with the requirements of ISO 4427 type PE 80 SDR 11 (standard dimension ratio) or BS 6730. at 5kg load = 0.3 (c) (d) (e) B. The polyethylene pipe shall meet but not be limited to the following specification: (a) (b) minimum density measured according to ISO 1872 = 949 Kg/m3.8g/10min. tensile strength at yield = 18MPa.32W/m2K. B.Annex B: Pipes.4 The pipes shall be manufactured from polyethylene containing only those antioxidants. it shall be clean. derived from the same resin and reground under the supervision of the same manufacturer and shall be compatible with the material to which it is added.

The word "WATER" shall also be marked every one metre. Copper alloy fittings made from gunmetal or material to BS 2872 or BS 2874 CZ 132 is acceptable in meeting the requirement for dezincification resistance. pipe class. cloudiness or discoloration of the water. The coils shall be wrapped and shall not be exposed to direct sunlight. shall not exceed the maximum values recommended by the World Health Organisation in its "Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality" or the EEC Council Directive on the "Quality of Water Intended for Human Consumption".10 The joints and fittings for use with BS 2871 shall comply with: (a) BS 4505 Flanges and bolting for valves. it is essential that the method of jointing and the material used in the joint(s) is suitable for underground use. pump delivery pipe and distributing pipe of copper or copper alloy using screw joints or capillary or compression fittings. BS 864 Capillary and compression tube fittings of copper and copper alloy part 2 specification.8 Copper pipes and fittings B.11 If laid underground. shall comply where relevant with BS 2871. B. nominal diameter. B. odour. B. The marking shall be by means of paint or engraved marks. pressure rating and date of pipe manufacture.9 Every service pipe. Part 2 copper alloy and composite flanges. The pipes shall be supplied in coils of 150m and shall be kept shaded at all times. (b) (c) B. All markings shall be in blue colour. and measurement of the relevant organoleptic/physical parameters. pipes and fittings. whichever is more stringent in each case.shall not support microbial growth and shall not give rise to unpleasant taste. chemical and biological agents leached from materials in contact with potable water. and if laid underground compression fitting shall be of type B to BS 864: part 2. Polyethylene pipes shall be clearly marked at intervals of one metre indicating the manufacturer’s name. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 61 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . standard number.7 The concentration of substances.

fittings and jointing of the pipes and fittings should conform to ADWEA Standard Specification for Water Works No. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 62 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .14 Jointing of steel pipes can be made only by screwed joints with screwed sockets to BS 21. B.13 Every pipe fitting of wrought steel connected to any steel pipe being a service pipe.19 Ductile iron pipes.18 Joints and fittings for use with uPVC pressure pipes must conform to BS 4346/ BS EN 1452 part 1.Steel pipes B. Part 2 – mechanical joints and fittings principally PVC.12 Every service pipe or pump delivery pipe of steel and every distributing pipe of steel shall comply with the requirements of BS 1387: specification for screwed and socketed steel tubes or approved equivalent standard in respect of the conditions in which the pipe is to be used or as per ADWEA specification No.15 If laid in the ground.16 Unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC) pressure pipes for cold potable water to conform to BS 3505 /BS EN 1452. (b) (c) Ductile iron pipes B.W-P-SS-013. B. B. W-P-SS-001 or to ISO 2531 or equivalent BS. and Part 3 – solvent cement. pipes and fittings are to be protected in accordance with BS 534 relevant sections. No welding shall be used where a protective lining or coating can be damaged.17 uPVC pipes shall be of appropriate size and a pressure rating of not less than 12 bars. B. Unplasticised PVC pipes B. (a) Part 1 – injection moulded uPVC fitting for solvent welding for use of pressure pipes. B. 2 or 3. a pump delivery pipe or a distributing pipe shall comply with the relevant requirements of BS 1740 or approved equivalent standard.

The fittings shall be suitable for direct connection to polyethylene pipes. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 63 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .26 The rubber compression rings shall be reusable at least 10 times. couplings etc. Push-fit fittings B. W-P-SS-004 or to BS 5480. B.21 Fittings for polyethylene service connection pipes such as tees. connectors.28 Push-fit fittings shall be suitable for use underground and above ground installation and shall be compatible with polyethylene pipes. The seal of the joint shall be made using water pressure as a thrust medium and no other tools or nuts shall be used to obtain a watertight joint. The grip ring shall be made of acetyl and the 'O' ring of EPDM.23 Compression fittings shall be made from gunmetal to BS 1400-LG2. The compression ring shall be of EPDM and suitable for potable water.24 The thread shall be BSP to BS 21. No solvent welding shall be used in assembly.25 The fittings shall be capable of sustaining a working pressure of up to 16 bars without leakage.27 The fittings shall be resistant to pull out. 'O' ring for water tightness seal and liner.29 The fittings shall be of acetyl or polypropylene material supplied complete with pre assembled and captivated grip ring and 'O' ring. shall be compression type or push fit type as per the particular specifications. Service connection fittings B.22 Compression fittings shall meet the requirements of BS 5114. The inserts shall be of copper and male/female fittings shall be chamfered to suite assembling and to avoid crossing of threads. elbows. The fittings shall be suitable for working pressure of up to 16 bars without leakage. The fitting shall consist of a body with internal taper.Glass reinforced plastic (GRP) pipes B. grip ring for end load resistance. Compression fittings B. B. B. B. adapters. B.20 GRP pipes shall conform to ADWEA Standard Specification for Water Works No. B.

The straps shall be supplied undrilled. AC.32 The push-fit fittings shall carry the name of manufacturer.34 The flat boss shall be cast with a hole or marking through the boss to facilitate the drilling and tapping process. If required by the Distribution Company the saddle strap may be used as a blanking strap to seal existing holes in the water pipelines after removal of existing service connections.33 Saddle straps for service connections shall be flat boss type suitable for tapping up to 2" diameter ferrule or equivalent. Saddle straps B. The saddle shall be of two parts fitted with an EPDM sealing gasket in a groove on the underside of the flat boss. and pipe material shall be engraved on the saddle strap. The tools shall be suitable for the diameter and type of pushfit fittings supplied. The strap shall be suitable for making service connections under pressure or dry. B.36 Ferrules shall be the screw down valve type allowing for the shut off of the flow by means of ½" square head spindle extending from the top cap for opening and closing. patent number. The valve shall close clockwise. using approved tapping machine into DI.B.35 The saddle strap shall be of gunmetal to BS 1400-LG2 with stainless steel nuts.31 Extractor tools for the dismantling push-fit fittings shall be supplied with the fittings. Ferrules B. The name of manufacturer. size and standard number. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 64 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . B. B. Five sets of metal extractor tools shall be supplied with each consignment. bolts and washer to ISO 3506 and shall be suitable for a working pressure of up to 16 bars.30 The ends of the polyethylene pipe shall be marked at two locations corresponding to the two points of resistance provided by the grip ring and the 'O' ring. Steel or PVC pipes.37 The ferrule outlet shall be push-fit type or compression type to fit polyethylene service connection pipes. pipe diameter to which the strap is suitable. B. B.

the packing between the spindle and the valve head shall consist of one piece of PTFE impregnated graphite aramid fibre valve packer. The ingression of dirt shall be prohibited by a polyethylene top plug.40 The ferrule shall be suitable for potable water at a temperature of up to 45ºC and capable to sustain a working pressure of up to 16 bar without leakage.B. inner plug and top cap shall be of gunmetal to BS 1400-LG2. B. The valve shall be manufactured according to the following specifications: B. B.44 The body. The washers shall be of EPDM and shall provide the sealing between the outer body and the ferrule stem. The spindle shall be fitted with a brass crutch head.39 The ferrule shall be designed as a main stem with a 360º swivel outlet at 90º with control of water flow via the threaded inner plug. B. the sealing between the valve body and head shall be achieved by the provision of a EPDM rubber head seal. Stopvalves (medium pattern) B.43 The stopvalve shall be of the medium pattern type with female ends. the stopvalve shall withstand a working pressure of 16 bar without leakage. manufactured and tested in accordance with the requirements of BS 5433.41 The ferrule shall permit the installation of service connection using under pressure tapping through flat boss saddle straps. standard number and patent number shall be engraved on the body.45 The head works. B. valve head and spindle head shall be manufactured from gunmetal to BS 1400-LG2.42 The name of the manufacturer. consisting of the spindle. gland nut and washer plate shall be manufactured from brass to BS EN 12165 and the washer plate nut in gunmetal.38 The ferrule stem. spindle. and (c) (d) (e) Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 65 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . B. The inlet shall be a male taper thread to BS 21. the valve shall close clockwise. banjo. (a) (b) the washer shall be manufactured from EPDM rubber to BS 3457.

The spindle shall be fitted with a hand wheel. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 66 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . The valve ends shall be female threaded ends BSP to BS 21.47 The name of the manufacturer. The valve body shall be made of brass and suitable for working pressure up to 16 bars without leakage. the gate valve shall withstand a working pressure of 16 bar without leakage. One key shall be provided for every 20 valves supplied. B. manufactured and tested in accordance with the requirements of BS 5154. Gate valve B. the gate valve hand wheel shall be of aluminium. patent number and flow direction shall be engraved on the body. and retaining ring – brass. ball – nickel plated brass. All valves shall be supplied with the lock and a master key.46 The gate valve shall be of the non-rising stem type with female ends. 'O' ring – viton. The valve shall be manufactured according to the following specifications: (a) the body and valve gate/wedge shall be manufactured from gunmetal to BS 1400-LG2. Lockable ball valve B.49 The valve shall be suitable for water temperature up to 45ºC. and the valve shall close clockwise.(f) the name of the manufacturer. (b) (c) (d) B. patent number and flow direction shall be engraved on the body. Valve materials shall be as follows: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) valve body – brass to BS EN 12165 or BS 2874. sealing – PTFE.48 The service water meter where installed in a wall mounted GRP meter box shall be isolated by a lockable ball valve.

Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 67 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . Non return valve B.52 The valve end shall be female threaded ends BSP to BS 21. B. combined drill and tap with BSP thread to BS 21. The valves shall be suitable for horizontal and vertical upward flow installation.57 The water meter box shall be of robust construction of GRP with a UV stabiliser gelcoat. Draw-off taps B. GRP wall-mounted water meter boxes B. Cup drill and taps size 1 ½" BSPP-11 TPI-for Machine No 2. given a hardness range of 63 degree Rockwell for Talbot pressure tapping machine and for insertion of swivel balancing ferrule. Drill tap B.50 The name of the manufacturer. The box shall have a lockable main door and a water meter reading/inspection lockable door to enable meter reading without opening the main door. B. The valves shall be suitable for a working pressure up to 16 bars without leakage. patent number and flow direction arrow shall be engraved on the body.58 The box shall be fixed to the wall using stainless steel expansion bolts of a minimum 10mm diameter.56 Every metal bodied or plastic bodied tap or draining tap shall comply with the relevant requirements of BS 5412. patent number and flow direction arrow shall be engraved on the body. One set of master keys shall be provided for every 20 meter boxes supplied with a minimum of one set. B.54 Drill taps should be suitable for use with ductile iron water pipes. wall thickness 3mm.B. B. specially hardened.51 Non return valves shall be of gunmetal to BS 1400-LG2.55 Drill bit size should be ¾" standard pattern. 1010 or 2879 or approved equivalent standard. (a) body – high class GRP. 5413.53 The name of the manufacturer.

(c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Jointing materials and compounds B. text – Water Meter (in both Arabic and English texts as approved by the Distribution Company).59 Soft solder for capillary jointing of copper or copper alloy water fittings should consist of Tin/Copper.(b) size – 600 x 250 x 200mm (Length x Width x Depth) or as instructed by the Distribution Company. hinges – stainless steel. locking – main door two locks with square key. incl. expansion bolts and washers for wall fixing. window – toughened clear glass (replaceable) bedded in rubber grommet.60 Silver solder or silver brazing filler metals and copper-phosphors brazing filler metals for capillary jointing of copper or copper alloy pipes should conform to BS 1845. and accessory – each box shall be manufactured complete with the following: (i) rubber grommet installed in groove at the main door (all around) to make the box water and dust proof. B. complying with BS EN 29453. 10mm diameter stainless steel. 8mm diameter SS bolts. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 68 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .). Alloy No. each box shall be supplied with 4 No. Alloy No. brass clamps (2 Nos. water meter reading door one lock with square key. Group AG (AG14or AG20) or Table3: Group CP (CP1 to CP6). nuts and washers. colour – as approved by Distribution Company prior to ordering. 23 or 24. or Tin/Silver. respectively. and the box shall be provided with vent and drain holes. Table 2.28 or 29.

B.63 Unsintered polyterafluoroethylene (Teflon) tape (PTFE) tape for thread sealing applications should comply with BS 6974 and the material should also satisfy the requirements of BS 6920: Part 1. B.62 Jointing compounds used for sealing screwed water fittings should comply with BS 6956: Part 5. Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 69 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .61 Silver solder or silver brazing material for capillary jointing of stainless steel pipes should be cadmium free.B.

Fittings and Accessories Specification for Carbon Steel Piping Specification for Stainless Steel Piping Materials Specification for GRP Pipes and Fittings Specification for uPVC Pipes.Annex C: List of standards and specifications relevant to this guide Codes and regulations Code Code Regulations Regulations Water Distribution Code Metering and Data Exchange Code Water Quality Regulations Water Revenue Metering Regulations International standards organization (ISO) ISO 161-1 ISO 2531 ISO 3506 ISO 4014 ISO 4032 ISO 4064-1 ISO 4427 ISO 4633 ISO 4427 ISO 9000 ISO 11922-1 ISO 12162 ISO 14001 Thermoplastic pipes for conveyance of fluids – nominal outside diameter and nominal pressure – part 1: Metric series Ductile Iron pipes and fittings Mechanical properties of corrosion – resistant stainless steel fasteners Hexagon head bolts – Product grades A and B Hexagon nuts. Fittings and Accessories Specification for Construction Testing and Commissioning Of GRP Pipes Specification for Construction Testing and Commissioning Of uPVC Pipes Specification for Water Service Connection Material and Installation Specification for Carbon Steel Bolted Tanks Specification for GRP Bolted Tanks Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 70 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . drainage and pipelines – specification for materials Polyethylene (PE) pipes for water supply – specifications Quality management and quality assurance Thermoplastic pipes for the conveyance of fluids – Dimensions and tolerances Part: 1: Metric series Thermoplastic materials for pipes and fittings for pressure applications – Classification and designation – overall service (design) coefficient Environmental Management System Abu Dhabi water and electricity authority (ADWEA) standard specifications W-C-SS-007 W-C-SS-012 W-C-SS-015 W-P-SS-001 W-P-SS-002 W-P-SS-003 W-P-SS-004 W-P-SS-006 W-P-SS-015 W-P-SS-016 W-M-SS-008 W-M-SS-012 W-M-SS-013 Specification for Concrete reservoirs Specification for Water Supply System Specification for Non Toxicity Requirements for Paints and Coating Specification for Ductile Iron Pipes. style 1 – Product Grade A and B Measurement of water flow in closed conduits – Meters for cold potable water – Part 1: Specifications Polyethylene (PE) pipes for water supply – specifications Rubber Seals – Joint rings for water supply.

(polyolefin or olefin copolymer) and cistern lids 52 uPVC Joint and Fittings for Cold Potable Water Flanges and boiling for pipes. Forging stock and forgings Unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (u-PVC) pressure pipes for cold potable water Cold water storage and feed and expansion cisterns.R. valves and fittings.British standards BS 21 BS 143 and 1256 BS 212 Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 2 BS 417 BS 534 BS 699 BS 864 Part 3 Part 5 BS 1010 BS 1387 BS 1475 BS 1563 BS 1564 BS 1710 BS 1724 BS 1740 BS 1965 Part 1: BS 1968 BS 1972 BS 2456 BS 2494 BS 2580 BS 2871 Part 1 BS 2872 BS 3505 BS 4213 BS 4346/BS EN 1452 BS 4504 Part 1 Part 2 BS 4622 BS 4772 BS 5388 BS 5433 BS 5480 BS 5505 BS 5728 BS 5834 Pipe threads for tubes and fittings where pressure tight joints are made on the threads (metric). Elastomeric joint rings for pipework and pipelines Underground plug cocks for cold water services Copper and copper alloys. Cast iron sectional tanks (rectangular) Pressed steel sectional rectangular tanks Identification of pipe lines and services Bronze welding by gas Wrought steel pipe fittings (screwed BS 21 – R . over-rim supply only Measurement of Water Flow in closed Conduits – part 1. cistern lids. gas and sanitation Copper and copper alloys. Carbon steel Floats for ball valves (copper) Polythene pipe (Type 32) for above ground use for cold water services Floats (plastics) for ball valves for hot and cold water. Specification for meters for cold potable water supply Surface Boxes Guards and Underground Chambers for Gas and Water Works Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 71 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH . metric series Ferrous Copper alloy and composite flanges Grey iron pipes and fittings Ductile iron pipes and fittings Spray taps Underground Stop Valves for water services G.P.series thread) Butt welding pipe fittings for pressure purposes. tanks and cylinders metric) Steel pipes and specials for water and sewage Copper direct cylinders for domestic purposes Part 2: Capillary and compression fittings for copper tubes Compression fittings for polyethylene pipes Compression fittings of copper and copper alloy for Part 2: Draw-off taps and above ground stopvalves Screwed and socketted steel tubes and tubulars for plain and steel tubes suitable for welding or for screwing to BS 21 pipe threads 52 Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloy for general engineering purposes. Pipes Joints and Fittings for Water Supply and Sewerage Bidets Part 3: Vitreous china bidets. Malleable cast iron and cast copper alloy threaded pipe fittings Float operated valves (excluding floats) Piston type 42 Diaphragm type (brass body) 12 (GS Gen) Diaphragm type (plastics body) for cold water services Stainless steel sink top Part 2: Galvanised low carbon steel cisterns. Tubes Copper tubes for water.

testing and maintenance of services supplying water for domestic use within buildings and their curtilages Black Polyethylene Pipes for Above Ground Cold Potable Water Potable Water – Non Metallic Products and their effect on Water Quality Storage Cisterns for Water Supply Thermoplastics Pipes and Fittings for Hot and Cold Water Purposes Copper Tubes for Water.British standards (continued) BS 6501 BS 6572 BS 6700 BS 6730 BS 6920 BS 7181 BS 7291 BS EN 1057 BS EN 1452 BS EN 1982 Flexible Metal Hose Assemblies Blue Polyethylene Pipes for Below Ground Cold Potable Water Design. installation. Gas and Sanitation uPVC Joints and Fittings for Cold Potable Water Copper Alloy Ingots and Castings (Supercedes BS 1400) Guide to Water Supply Regulations Author JS Document CP/R01/006 Version Issue2 Page 72 of 72 Publication date 4 June 2008 Approved by CH .

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