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Proposal for Final Year Project

Proposal for Final Year Project

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04/27/2012

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FINAL YEAR PROJECT PROJECT 1- DFE 4202 PROPOSAL : RFID DOOR LOCK SYSTEM

STUDENTS: 1) MOHAMAD KHAIRUL NIZAM BIN AHMED (K30-208-0018) 2) AMIRUL AZHA BIN SHARUDDIN (K30-208-0008) 3) MUHAMMAD HANIFF BIN NORDIN (K30-208-0011) 4) IMRAN ALI BIN MAD SIDIN (K30-208-0016)

SUPERVISOR: PUAN RUSLINDA BT RUSLEE CIK NOOR NADIAH BT MOHD AZALI

1.0 Introduction

In this age of rapid technological advancement, wireless communication is emerging as one of the more promising and useful forms of data transfer. It is getting more and more difficult to find a person who has never talked on a cell phone, listened to the radio, or even logged onto wireless internet. And one new technology that is on its way to becoming another common, everyday use of RF communication is Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). This is a new technology only about ten years old, and it has drawn quite an interest to those who need anything from a quick inventory count to instant price checks. Similar to bar codes, but much more powerful, RFID is a system of storing information on a tag and having the ability to read it from distances of up to forty feet. This year, we propose to develop our own RFID system. We are planning to build an RFID Door Lock System. This project will use the ability of an RFID tag to signal a door to unlock. When one of these tags gets close enough to communicate with the antenna, the reader will react and unlock the door if the tag contains the correct information. This system will also have the ability to accept new tags into the system, and remove them.

2.0 Objective of The Project

A door lock system was designed and developed with an objective to make a system that has dual main functions compared to the other products in the current market which are, the system does not only automatically open and close the door for the authorized user but it also can be like a punch-card system where it has the capability to link the system to the database for a record. The system consists of passive reader and door lock controller. It is an easy system to be handled and installed. So with this technology, the user does not need to touch the passive tag to the receiver or reader for the authorization to check in.

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3.0 Literature review
Our project is basically based from how people entering doors and gates with several ways. On top of that, this project also based on security that is being used in many places. These are the conditions that inspired us to make the RFID Door Lock System:

3.1 Hotel¶s Room Door Lock System Instead of using keys, hotel¶s room use a card that called ³swipe card´ that need the user to punch the card into the reader at the door, so the reader will need to recognize the card weather the card is authorized or not. If it¶s authorized, the door will automatically open.

Figure 3.1: Hotel room key card

3.2 SmartTag Built on a non-stop Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) philosophy, SmartTAG incorporated infra-red communication that communicated with infra-red transceivers mounted at the ceilings of toll plazas to allow vehicle drivers to drive through SmartTAG dedicated lanes and pay toll without stopping. It is designed to process up to 1,200 vehicles per hour.

Figure 3.2: Smart Tag toll
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3.3 RFID on UTHM¶s Convocation Every student in the convocation were clip by RFID card, which contain with their ID¶s. So when they passed the RFID reader on the stage, the server will check the database to see if the user is identified. If so, the server will instruct the microprocessor to display the user¶s identification.

4.0 Problem Statement

Before we decide to do this RFID Door Lock System project, we saw that most of our important rooms in KKTM Beranang (theatrettes, lecturer room, office etc) have a loose security system. For us, this area must be protectively secure from any possibilities of danger. So, in order to overcome this matter, we have decided to build the RFID Door Lock System. In this project, we should be able to solve a lots of problem and some of the problems are: i. ii. iii. Burglary in those important rooms. Carrying a bundle of keys. Wasting time by searching for the right door key.

5.0 Methodology

The RFID Door Lock System will consist of passive RFID tags, an antenna, a RFID reader module, a microcontroller, and an electronic door lock. The reader module continuously scans for a tag. When a tag comes within reading distance of the antenna, it detects an activation signal and wakes up. The information on the chip is then transmitted through the antenna back to the reader module. The reader module processes the information and then sends it to the microcontroller. Once the microcontroller receives the data, it is compared to a list of valid Identification¶s (ID¶s). If the ID is confirmed to be valid, the data associated with the ID is logged into memory with the current timestamp, and the microcontroller sends a signal to unlock the door. The system will also have a

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maintenance mode. In this mode, tag IDs can be added or removed from the system and the activity log, containing IDs and timestamps, can be transmitted to an external computer.

RFID Card

RFID Reader

Figure 5.1: The position of RFID Door Lock System.

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Figure 5.2: Flow Chart on how RFID Door Lock System system works.

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6.0 Project Schedule

7.0 Expected Results
In the future, we are expecting RFID Door Lock System will upgrade the security system in KKTM Beranang. We also hope that RFID Door Lock System can prevent the following problems in KKTM Beranang: i. ii. iii. Preventing burglary. No need to bring a lot of keys. Saving a lot of time from searching for the right key.

8.0 Conclusion
RFID technology has many exciting uses in both home and office environments. Our project¶s goal is to create a secure solution that can be used to increase security and peace of mind in both. We hope to use our abilities and understanding of the Data Transmission and other engineering design concepts to make this project manifest. With this project, we have real world problem that
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requires the understanding and integration of microcontrollers, web servers, RFIDs, hardware, and serial communications. With both electrical and electronic engineering¶s theory, we feel as though this project is best suited to require the utilization of all group member¶s skills gained from the classroom, labs, and experience in industry.

9.0 References

1. http://eet.etec.wwu.edu/vanmere/project/docs/Project%20Proposal.pdf 2. http://www.google.com.my/#hl=en&source=hp&q=RFID+door+lock+system&aq=f&aqi=g1 &aql 3. http://www.robotshop.com/cytron-rfid-door-lock-kit-2.html 4. William Stallings, Data and Computer Communication, Pearson Prentice Hall Publication, International Edition, 7th Edition, 2004. 5. RFID ± Wikipedia

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