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Reyte On Publishing. 2010.
and establishing charitable programs.S. They felt that the government could legislate people into freedom by helping them to achieve their highest state of productivity. They mobilized resources to bring together the middle class workers. appealing to the poor. They believed in bettering child and women working conditions. Some were involved due to heartfelt humanitarian goodwill. Progressivism Bringing Justice and Morality to the Political Scene The modern industrialists built huge corporations that hired a working class made up of mostly immigrants. Through progressivism the scope of social American society was reshaped around the central governmental authority versus the human individual. social backing. The main premise for the Progressives was big government. It was a movement to reform the various elements of society from politics and economics to social and culture (U.The Progressive period began in the late 1800s and continued until around 1920. small businesses. Therefore during the Progressive movement many amendments to the Constitution were put in place to help various disadvantaged groups (U. Many felt the founding fathers theories to be outdated after the industrial revolution and felt that capitalism called for changes to equalize the powers within the states. History. others by their own motives. educating the illiterate.S.S. teachers. The progressives were made up of all types of people from religious to totally secular and humanistic. History. These factories boosted the U. and other professionals to reform the government and politics to address the common people. industrial production to the most . The multifaceted reformers called the Progressives set out to right these injustices and were able to grab political. 2010). 2010).
West. 2007). Women’s right to vote. & Schambra. & Schambra. Suffrage was ratified in 1920 by President Woodrow Wilson. They felt changes needed to be made and lobbied for redistribution of wealth and more governmental control over trade and banking. The Progressives were not pleased with the way business management treated the workers as the Vanderbilt’s. 2010). The income tax levied through the Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution gave Congress the right to tax on income (Spalding. & Schambra. Another objective during the Progressive period was prohibition of alcoholic beverages. Failure of Progressivism in The Political Arena It was felt that the rich capitalists had taken the industrial revolution as an opportunity to . 2007).productive in the world. The income tax first instituted in 1861 was designed to fund the Civil War and later levied against corporations and individuals to increase the responsibility of U. The religious groups of the day were mainly responsible for bringing this article before the courts and political pundits. a Progressive in support of the National Women’s Party that lobbied to end any Senate seat that would not support the 19th Amendment (Spalding. selling or drinking of alcohol (Spalding. West. and Morgan’s corporate moguls earned huge fortunes (U. Carnegies. it made illegal the buying. Rockefellers. West. The Seventeenth Amendment was also heavily supported by Progressives that allowed the people to elect the Senate leadership rather than the states to appoint these officials. History. citizens toward the government. The Eighteenth Amendment supported this cause and was ratified in 1919.S. 2007). Later repealed by the 21st Amendment.S. It was long believed that the states were partisan to giving the Senate seats to those that would most likely contribute to state projects and objectives.
industrial. In fact though Caucausians enjoyed the changes brought about by the efforts of the Progressives African Americans had to wait nearly forty years before legislation turned in their favor in the 1960s with the Civil Rights movement. Another area was the Eighteenth Amendment of Prohibition that was repealed by the 21st Amendment. 2010). Booker T. segregation. science into avenues of learning at the Tuskegee Institute University (U. and blackmail of politicians. and shipping.S. Anthony supported women’s rights including right to vote which was passed when the 16th Amendment was added to the Constitution (U. Meanwhile they suffered from the irony of Jim Crow laws. Theodore Roosevelt President ran on a party platform of Progressive Reform to rid the .take full advantage to exploit the nation’s working class. industrial factories. the steel industry. They were willing to use any means necessary to further extend power and wealth including bribery. Progressivism Success Susan B. and attacks from gangs such as the KKK and in the south vigilante killings (Norton. There were no national laws to stop them from monopolizing all business avenues in transportation. 2010). Grover Cleveland President that instituted the Interstate Commerce Act to regulate trade. oil. History. among other industries.S. Washington added experimental education combining agricultural. There were no civil rights movements designed to help the lot of African Americans. Elizabeth Cady Stanton founder of women’s rights movements and journalist of a weekly paper focused on women’s issues. The most recognized failure of the movement is racial equality. History. 2010).
He went to Harvard and became a teacher and writer. Founded NAACP. In addition his ideals conflicted with his actions.E. He was an outdoorsman and supported conservation. Lincoln Steffens a journalist known for writing about the corruption of politics. He was a lead spokesperson in the fight against corruption in the police department in New York City. Another of his phrases was “speak softly and carry a big stick”. His books were largely published for a short time after his death. describing a fair chance at becoming a contributor to society for every American. 2009).country of corrupt politics and businesses (Spalding. Alger was discovered to be homosexual and to have assaulted young boys after which time he resigned (UUHS.B. Created the term “Square Deal”. Worked toward more regulation and policy for businesses to bring them into governmental standards. W. and discuss the following: What were the programs he or she supported? Theodore Roosevelt leader of the Progressive Party. Choose one person from above. Progressivism Failed to Succeed Horatio Alger writer of fiction and supporter of Progressive ideals. supporting all Americans opportunity to participate in the American dream. . 2009). Disenfranchised by the south and laws against blacks (Umass Amherst. Worked for racial equality and scientific study of race relations. Avid science and race relations activist. 2007). I consider his Progressive work to be unsuccessful for he did not become widely known or read. & Schambra. Attempted to reform the Republican Party. Dubois attended Fisk University and Harvard. While at the same time a patriot and person who loved the opportunities America offered its citizens. West. He also attended Divinity School and became a Unitarian Minister.
What were his or her failures? His new party. Considered the greatest President by many scholars and political pundits. but as a member of the Progressive Bull Moose Party. What were his or her successes? He was instrumental in the building of the Panama Canal.Was this a unified movement with one agenda? Not entirely President Roosevelt decided to run a second time in the Presidential race not as a Republican. President Roosevelt also won a Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating an end to the Japanese and Russian War. the Bull Moose Party could not defeat President Woodrow Wilson in the for another term in the presidential race. .
wwnorton.org/Research/Reports/2007/07/The-Progressive-Movementand-the-Transformation-of-American-Politics . & Schambra.u-s-history. Phd.uua.heritage. The progressive movement and the transformation of american politics.html Spalding.S.West.W. (2009). Retrieved April 19. Retrieved April 10. (2007).com/pages/h1061. Retrieved April 19. W. Dubois: A concise biography.G. Horatio Alger.html UUHS. The progressive era. T. A. The progressive movement. (2009). 2010 from http://www. htm UMass Amherst. (2010). Retrieved April 19.uua. M.References Norton.html U.org/uuhs/duub/articles/horatioalgerjr. 2010 from http://www.org/uuhs/duub/articles/horatioalgerjr. W. 2010 from http://www25. Retrieved April 19. 2010 from http://www.com/college/history/archive/resources/documents/ch24_01. 2010 http://www25. History. (2010).
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