Test1

Vocabulary
2 Choose the best answer, a, b, c, or d, to complete the sentences. 1 Most young people today are very interested in their___________ . a look b expression c appearance d attitude 2 The bank robber managed to _________ from the police for several weeks. a avoid b conceal c hide d mask 3 Hunters are a threat to the__________ of many wild animals. a survival b endurance c protection d subsistence 4 The actress wore a dress covered in diamonds so she would _________at the party. a stand down b stand out c stand in d stand up 5 The octopus _________itself from larger fish by surrounding itself in a cloud of black ink. a secures b harbours c shelters d protects 6 Lara found it difficult to live_________ to her parents' expectations. a up b in c down d out 7 The TV programme gave viewers a very bad _________ of life in the city.

a feeling b notion c reaction d impression 8 Some people find it easier to _________ their feelings in writing rather than on the telephone. a pronounce b propose c express d expose 3 Complete the text with the correct form of these phrasal verbs. stand for • fall behind • drop out of • get ahead • fall over 1 I had so much work last week that I_________ with the arrangements for my party. 2 Jean______________on the first day of her skiing holiday, and broke her leg. 3 If you want____________ in the pop world, you will need a good agent. 4 My uncle ______________college after six months, now he wishes he had finished the course. 5 According to the travel agency, the images in their current advertisement ______________adventure and change, as well as environmental responsibility. 4 Add one of these prefixes or suffixes to the words in brackets to complete the sentences. un- • in- • -ful • -less 1 My holiday in Greece was (wonder), I want to go back there next year. 2 If you want to have an__________ (expensive) meal on holiday, ask local people where they eat. 3 I found that book very________ (help) when I was writing my project. 4 John thought his china plate was very valuable, but he was told it was_________ (worth). 5 These days it is______________ (common) to see horses in a big city.

Grammar
5 Put the verbs in brackets into the past simple or the present perfect. 1 Last week, I ________ (start) tennis lessons, and this week I _________(do) two hours of practice. 2 Alan_________ (not / see) his cousin for ages, as she________(move) abroad last year. 3 My grandmother__________ (live) in this country for 40 years, but she ________ (never / return) to visit the country where she spent her childhood. 4 Dad________ (learn) to ski in 1990, techniques ______________ (change) a bit since then. 6 Complete the sentences using when, if or until. 1 ________you haven't finished your homework by six o'clock, it will be too late to go to the cinema. 2 Mark can't leave his job_________he has found another one. 3 I'll phone you ________I've found out the time of the train. 4 _________I have collected my photographs, you can see them. 5 I can't get on the train________I've bought a ticket. 6 ________ you've got Sally's email address with you, we can send her an email now. 7 I'll lend you this book________ I have finished reading it.

Writing
7 World survey of popular culture! •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• What are people listening to, watching and reading in your country? What are the most well-known personalities? We want your opinions now! Write a report (200-250 words) on popular culture in your country. Include: • examples from at least 2 different areas, such as films, music, etc. • examples of famous personalities

• why you feel these people are important to your country's popular culture

Test 2
Reading
1 Read the article and decide whether statements 1-7 are true or false according to the text. Write T or F in each box. 1 There is no agreement on what makes people happy. 2 Person A is more contented with her lifestyle than Person B. 3 Feelings about important events in our lives can change very quickly. 4 We should stop thinking about our own wishes. 5 Happiness can occur when you are focusing on other things. 6 Other people's high opinion of your work will give you inner satisfaction. 7 Happiness is connected with a sense of your own identity. Happiness Whatever anyone says, there doesn't appear to be any universal blueprint for happiness. While it is encouraging that happy people seem to have characteristics in common, the fact remains that one person's definition of heaven might be another's idea of hell. Thus Person A might be happiest when she is stressed at work, dealing with problems and meeting deadlines, whilst Person B prefers other activities, spending her leisure time painting and travelling. Just to add to the confusion, happiness tends to be related to a particular situation at a particular time - a career choice, relationship or even an impulse buy that makes us happy one day might make us perfectly miserable the next. Bearing this in mind, maybe it's time to loosen our grip on the fantasy of the perfect life and start concentrating on what we want - and what we've got. Far from being the ultimate goal, happiness might simply be the product of a fulfilled, centred life. Moreover, outward achievements are often less important than we think: whilst these achievements may impress other people, they may not make you happy. At the end of the day, how we choose to be happy is how we choose to be ourselves - once you have sorted that out the rest should fall into place.

Vocabulary
2 Complete these sentences using the correct form of the word in brackets. 1 Adam always talks______________about the future. (optimist)

This will help you become more 6 _____________and _________ by events. even though they used to tease her. Then say them out loud to yourself. 1 a painting b sight c scene d picture 2 a affirmative b positive c absolute d definitive 3 a write back b write down c write away d write off 4 a conscious b planned c alert d aware 5 a avoid b hide c demand d summon 6 a interested b self-centred c confident d absorbent . Ask your most trusted friend for some encouraging statements about yourself. (argue) 8 Lucy has always had a good_____________ with her brothers. b. Keep a journal and 3______________all the good things that happen to you and good things that people say to you. (meaning) 10 A trip to the UK or the US can be a good way of increasing the______________of students learning English.words like kind. (defend) 3 If I don't get enough sleep. Steps to feeling happier! Start to build up a new 1 __________ of yourself. a. (irritate) 4 Sometimes children feel by their _____________ friends to buy clothes they don't really like. it's easy to become very ______________.things like playing the piano. (pressurise) 5 Jim was______________by the violence in the film he saw last nigh. (resent) 7 I had a big ___________ with my best friend. Then list your skills . Make a list of your 2_________ attributes . (horrify) 6 I know it was wrong. ___________. Make a 4_____________decision to rid yourself of negative thoughts and to 5______________too much self-criticism. but I felt ___________ of my friend's success. c or d. If you can keep 8 __________ better chance of getting through difficult times. but we've made it up now. When you do feel 7 ___________ don't panic. I feel very______________ the following day.2 When someone criticises you. to complete the gaps in the text. attentive. great cook etc. you have a positive. (relation) 9 My father has always believed that a good job is the key to a______________life. (motivate) 3 Choose the best answer. generous.

5 Complete the text with a verb from the list below in the correct form. but soon started to look at other groups of people. how can you help yourself 4___________(be) happy? An American psychologist has been trying 5______________ (answer) this question for 20 years. When I changed school. but if you keep on 2______________(add) to it. and says she regrets 4_____________fun of me all those years ago. What they had in common was that they wanted 11_______ (follow) their pursuit for its own sake. Her name was Jill. but she remained part of my life until I was about ten. Include: • how the day started • what happened • how you felt about it • what happened at the end . He started his research by 7______________(study) artists who became totally caught up in painting. a basic standard of material possessions is necessary to be happy. I remember 1_______ an imaginary friend. it seems that money doesn't buy happiness.7 a overtired b overdone c overcast d overwhelmed 8 a calm b quiet c peaceful d steady Grammar 4 Put each verb in brackets in the correct form (gerund or infinitive) to complete the text. fond of 9______________ (climb) or mad about (play) football. I tried 3______________about her. it doesn't seem to make much difference. There has been quite a lot of research into the nature of happiness. My parents tell me that they needed 2______________her when they were discussing plans with me such as where we were going on holiday. That is. make • have • include • forget When I was a child. but she was very important to me. My sister used to tease me about Jill. This is the state you are in when you are enjoying 6______________(do) something that completely absorbs you. Writing 6 Write a personal account (200-250 words) entitled: The best or worst day of my life. not for any material reward. 3______________ (feel) in control of your life or your job helps. My sister now has children of her own. when you are challenged but you can handle it. It didn't seem to matter if they were interested in 8______________ (read). Three out of five people who say they are in control say they are happy. He believes the key to happiness is something called 'the flow'. Interestingly. So. and what we need ___________(do) to achieve it.

of course). I edited the student newspaper before I began to have doubts about whether this was really the career for me. but would take the stairs so I could avoid standing next to them in the lift. 5 _____________ Shortly after I'd telephoned a hairdressing school. answering telephones and taking notes for a local or national publication (unpaid. If you're considering a career in journalism. I won an award which gave me some . I tried not to be scared by the pencil-thin fashion journalists.Test 3 Reading 1 Read the following text and match headings a-h with paragraphs 1-7. 4 _____________ Back at university. a Second thoughts b Learning the hard way c The wrong time to start d Make use of your holidays e Realities of the job f Settling in g A lucky break h A spell in the capital Hungry for words 1 ______________ You'd better like photocopying. or whatever. hunting for an article from 1983 about football. I sent off a handful of letters and managed to get a temporary job on a fashion magazine. mastering (slowly) the art of transferring telephone calls. In short. 2 _______________ The idea occurred to me halfway through university. There is one heading you do not need. it's worth spending your holidays making coffee. I decided that it was a nasty business and I'd rather be a hairdresser. And faxing. trying to look like a professional journalist. where everyone else was already muttering about becoming bankers. I spent most of my time covered in photocopying ink. old copies of the Boxwood News. While my friends were earning extra money working in bars. I didn't think I'd ever grasp shorthand. 3 ________________ My first experience of professional journalism did not go smoothly. I was sleeping on a friend's floor in London. And searching through half-filed. I wasn't entirely sure I had the sort of toughness that journalists are supposed to possess. During my first week at the magazine.

b or c. There are certainly jobs that pay better. 3 Choose the best answer. thieves ___________ Sarah's handbag while she was out shopping. offer longer holidays and more sociable hours. grab • stare • strike • prove • maintain • leap • avoid 1 Yesterday. for the first time I felt that I was actually part of the publication. 7 The earthquake______________the city unexpectedly and many people were killed. It's like any job . it is. Although it was yet more filing and photocopying. It was a fantastic four weeks. and how to use the computers. People write and complain and it's still the most mortifying thing in the world to know you've got your facts wrong and let everyone down. and where everything is. 6 If you want to do your best in these exams. But it's worth it. 3 The film star said she hated the way people used ______________at her when she went shopping. Vocabulary 2 Complete the sentences using one of the following verbs in the correct form. 5 jean ran all the way to the station and managed ______________onto the train just before it left. for each gap. 2 Nobody believed that John got to the top of the mountain. the need for accuracy greater. a allocated b shared c placed . a. At least for me.work experience on a national Sunday paper. but he had photos______________it. 4 Chris's hobby is fixing and______________old motorcycles. I moved to my present job. 1 When we arrived at the training course. I even still feel nervous when I speak to my section editor! 7 ________________ It's different from student journalism.six months down the line I'm still finding out everyone's name. 6 _______________ In September. you should ______________too many late nights. Deadlines are tougher. I sat in on meetings -I even interviewed a couple of fashion designers. and it's here I've been happiest. we were to different groups.

a encouraged b supported c organised 4 Nathan was______________to go on an expedition through the jungle. . 3 The person____________answered the phone wasn't the person I was looking for. didn't think I was nearly good enough. ____________ is set in Florence. a achieved b won с reached 10 The crowds_____hours before the pop concert began so they could get the best view of the stage. 1 The friend ___________ party I'm going to is eighteen tomorrow. a applied b preferred c selected 5 Suzy was chosen to______________ her school at the national youth festival. a deep b severe с fundamental Grammar 4 Complete the sentences with a relative pronoun. a committed b devoted с occupied 9 After spending a whole weekend working on his motorcycle. is really exciting. a told b maintained c discussed 3 My teacher ______________ me to enter the singing competition.2 The speaker ______________ that children should read rather than watch TV. Sam felt he had______ a great deal. a represent b substitute с display 6 The principle of free medical care for everyone was ____________in Britain in 1948. a grouped b gathered с collected 11 There are __________ differences between the two political parties. a formed b installed с established 7 The writer's house_____________a fascinating collection of old photographs. 2 This detective story. a defined b enclosed с contained 8 The second part of the lesson was ____________ to practising the language in pairs.

5 Sarah told me all about the play. Here are some points you could mention: • current situation in your school • why the Internet is (not) important • financial issues. paying for computers and Internet access • dealing with problems of misuse . Writing 7 Write an article (200-250 words) for a national student magazine entitled: The need for the Internet in schools. e. 1 This is the coat what Suzy bought last week. sea and wonderful food on holiday. everyone else in his family loves chocolate. 3 Is this the cinema who you were trying to find? 4 I don't know which shoes these are . nevertheless • all in all • without doubt • apart from • according to 1 ___________Charlie. 5 There is a mistake in each of these sentences. _____________ we had a great time. __________I think you should accept his invitation to dinner.4 The house___________Dominic is living has a big garden. 2 We had sun. _________the experts. 6 Complete the sentences using the phrases below. 4 I know you don't like Mark. 2 That is the person where I want to teach me the violin.do they belong to you? 5 Laura agreed with everything who you suggested. 3 The world is at real risk from global warming.___________ she said was fantastic.g. Circle the mistake and write the correct sentence underneath. 5 I have to say that it was _____________the worst film I've ever seen.

Test 4 Reading 1 Read the text and choose the best answer. which responds with a shake of its head or fin. says May. gliding around effortlessly. established by Dr David Nathanson. but the presence of playful dolphins elicits attention and squeals of pleasure. The dolphins are not treated as miracle healers. The sessions start with the teacher encouraging the child to motion 'hello' to a dolphin. he wouldn't even touch anything solid. Jamie's mother. Back at Dolphin Cove. He suffers from a disability which means he has difficulty communicating with the rest of the world. Dolphin therapy As his feet splash through the warm waters of a huge outdoor pool at Dolphin Cove in the Florida Keys. When a swimmer slides into water alongside a dolphin they can actually feel their skin tingling as the dolphin scans them with sonar. through a form of whistling. 'I think dolphins are incredible. more patient with others. Adults too are attracted to swimming with captive dolphins as well. who works with the children. probably mistaking them for baby dolphins. Instead. 'In the past. the dolphins' contribution to the children's progress is acknowledged. Then with a flip of their powerful tails. clearly observing their human visitors. At a theme park near Orlando. ten-year-old Jamie has a delighted expression on his face. The child is offered another chance to play with the dolphin if he or she works hard during the session. His parents are happy. and now he's grabbing hold of the dolphin's fin'. people pay to have a 30-minute swim with them.' The captive dolphins are part of the Dolphin Human Therapy programme.' says Jeffrey Bicknell. which is when one dolphin whistles and another repeats the sound within three seconds. to questions 1-7. to attract the attention of females. too.' 1 Jamie benefits from his sessions with the dolphins because . the possibility of touching their grey-suede skin or even having a swim with a dolphin is a reward that encourages children like Jamie to respond to their teachers. Male dolphins will sometimes kill baby dolphins. Scientists have discovered that dolphins 'talk' to each other. and change their behaviour according to the nature of the problem. 'I've seen them look at a child and observe what the problem is. 'It's opening a new world for him. They have also been filmed killing small porpoises (animals similar to dolphins). It is a deeply memorable experience. who uses dolphins to help children with mental and physical disabilities. They are more dominant with some children. who sit with the children at the water's edge. a. c or d. The animals practise 'whistle matching'. the dolphins are off. however. Anyone tempted to swim with wild dolphins. should be careful. USA. They can have a vicious streak. b.

c more unfriendly than they used to be. . d frightened of porpoises. b enjoy the attention they get from the children.a he has never been swimming before. b he plays with the dolphins in the water. d communicate with each other about the children. 2 What is the aim of using dolphins? a to study the effects of disability on children b to offer replacement treatment to children c to help parents understand their children d to help children work better with their teachers 3 When the dolphins are with the children. c he can talk to the other children. they a sometimes play amongst themselves. 5 Studies of wild dolphins have shown that some are a aggressive towards other dolphins. c vary the sounds they make. 4 Adults enjoy swimming with captive dolphins because a the dolphins help them swim faster. 7 Jeffrey Bicknell points out that dolphins a prefer playing with particular types of children. d he has always enjoyed being with animals. b they can sense the dolphins' sonar. b willing to swim with humans. c the dolphins can cure skin conditions. c behave according to the needs of individual children. c ignore the adults in the water d react when the children wave at them. d captive dolphins swim more slowly than wild dolphins. 6 'Whistle matching' is how dolphins a communicate with humans. b send messages to each other. d react to unknown situations. b try to attract the children's attention.

a deeply c wholly b sincerely d fully 2 Lee felt that having a Ferrari would give him considerable a status b disinction c grade d standard 3 The zoos breed animals so that their future is_____________ a insured c assured . to complete the sentences. (exceptional) 8 Some people feel that animals should not be kept in ______________ .(captive) 9 In a very cold winter many wild animals are at risk of dying from______________ . 1 Most mammals are completely _____________ when they are born and depend on their mothers. a. 1 I __________ apologise for the trouble I caused you yesterday. (pollute) 6 Most people know that they need to be ______________about the disposal of rubbish. (help) 2 Scientists are concerned for the______________of the Tusker elephant. b or c. (success) 4 The___________ effects of environmental damage is very worrying. (care) 7 You need to be______________ well-qualified to work with wild animals. (starve) 10 Humans and chimpanzees share many______________.(globe) 5 Lead-free petrol reduces ___________ in our cities. (characterise) 3 Choose the best answer.Vocabulary 2 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the words in brackets. (survive) 3 We had a very______________sale in aid of an animal charity.

Patrick will think ____________ before going sailing again.b confirmed d preserved 4 I can't_____________ to spend any more time on this piece of work. we ___________(try) all morning. a allow c risk b commit d afford 5 Before going paragliding. a fraud c likeness b falsity d fake Grammar 4 Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect or the present perfect continuous. 3 Pam_____________ (never / see) animals in the wild: she'd love to go on safari. a second c double b twice d two times 8 My friend bought an antique vase. a count c assess b view d test 6 I can't go climbing tomorrow as some of my equipment is a faulty b mistaken c wrong d poor 7 After such a difficult day. 2 It's impossible to get tickets for the football match. but it turned out to be a cheap____________ . and he almost has enough money. you should _____________ the risks. 1 My brother_____________ (save) up for a computer for three months now. .

7 I______________(always / believe) that animals understand far more than we realise. 6 My parents and I______________(spend) every summer since I was a child at my grandparents' house. . 4 My mother often is staying / stays with my sister to help her with the new baby. you should try reading one. 5 Choose the correct form of the verb in these sentences. 3 Mike is watching / watches history programmes on television in preparation for his exam. 1 We train / are training very hard this week so we will be ready for the race.4 Jane _____________ (learn) Czech for three months and she's already quite good. They have written to you asking for information about the following: • when and where you will arrive • if there is anything specialyou would like to do during your stay • if there is anything you cannot eat or drink • whether you could stay for an extra week to go with them to Scotland . it should be finished by Christmas. Writing 6 Some English friends have invited you to stay in London for a week. 5 At last John____________(decide) what he wants to do when he leaves school. 5 I enjoy / am enjoying detective stories. 9 Mrs Jones______________(seldom / travel) outside the county where she lives. 6 Jenny is painting / paints her room yellow. but I still have not made up my mind what to do. 8 I_____________ (think) about what you said all day. 2 Paulais working / works in a clothes shop before starting at university.

. I've been preparing mentally for another climb. Day 53 2__________ I feel quite low now. It's a great symbol for the two of us personally.the experience of making this kind of decision and standing by it.. [Later] I'm totally exhausted.. Within seconds I was on deck.Write an informal letter (120-150 words) to your friends answering their questions. Day 83 5___________ .an iceberg right by the boat. The second time for my boat Kingfisher and me together. Day 80 4____________ I've been hand steering all night. actually sailing through the white water next to it. The wind was all over the place. The stress and difficulties of the last few days are melting away and I feel emotional as I approach Cape Horn. The worry.. All I could think of was what would have happened it I had hit it. The radar was alarmed. a A significant landmark b A lapse of concentration с A lucky escape d A strange vision e An unscheduled stop f A question of practice g A nightmare ascent Ellen's race diary Day 30 1_________ I awoke with a start from a short nap. but now it's light I have to go and sort it out. the hours spent staring at a computer screen analysing and reanalysing till you are blue in the face. Match headings a-g with paragraphs 1-6. and the yacht and I passed within 15-20 metres of the berg. my leg is black from the bruises. the berg was invisible to radar. Once I got to the top a rainstorm came over. the constant fretting. as the very first time I was ever alone on her was just a few mrles from this famous rock.. I'm tired. the youngest person to sail single-handed around the world. the wind indicator wasn't working properly . I just want to cry. I guess this is what I lack . this is the hardest part for me -putting us in the right place. but as is sometimes the case. Day 66 3___________ I feel overwhelmed. even when I was right next to it. Test 5 Reading 1 Read the following extracts from the diary of Ellen MacArthur. I looked out of the window in the cabin and there it was .. There is one heading you do not need.

a picks over b picks up с picks at 8 If I complain to the manager about this meal. but that moment of fatigue lost me that advantage. b or c. a broke in b broke away с broke up 7 On Fridays.. a involved b dedicated с concerned 5 Learning an instrument is not just a _________ of liking music .I'm still kicking myself for my mistake three days ago when I fell asleep after climbing the mast. a knackered b overwhelmed с outdone 2 If you_________all the time you spend watching TV each week. two days running.I'm surprised that it has lasted this long. to complete the sentences. Day 94 6__________ The wind has switched more south-west so I'm sailing at a good speed. I can't help thinking where I would be if I'd held that more westerly position. Jackie________her brother from school. and let the boat head further east. a even b enough с although 4 The pop star has a group of_________fans who go to every concert he gives. will you ___________ .. a question b thought с process 6 Lisa was really upset when she________with her boyfriend. a. I wanted to be west.m. a add in b add on с add up 3 Funnily_________. I had the weirdest dream last night: we were all doing the race on bicycles! Don't ask me what I'm doing after this race . 1 After getting up at 4 a.you have to be prepared to practise as well. Ellen eventually finished the 2000 Vendee Globe race in second place. I'm sure you will be surprised how much it is. I was absolutely _________on the third day. my sister and I have chosen the same present for my mother's birthday. Vocabulary 2 Choose the best answer. I look at the repair of the sail and pray .

Ben______________the idea of a ticket to a pop concert. come about • run over • break down • set up • get cracking • break in • hit on • take on • dress up 1 My little sister loves___________ clothes. 7 I'm sorry but I'm going to be late as the car has 8 The cat was nearly ____________ but luckily the driver stopped just in time.a help me up b show me up с back me up 9 After Sue had been waiting for over an hour. Soon it took over my life. you'll have to______________straight away. 6______________I'm fit . and want to do a full marathon next year. 2______________ I had never done a lot of running before. I got up an hour earlier every day 3______________I could run before leaving for work. a duo b dual с double 3 Complete the sentences with one of these phrasal verbs in the correct form. I had always enjoyed keeping fit. 9 When burglars______________Simon's house. Grammar 4 Complete the sentences using one of the following adverbs. Immediately 5______________ the race was over. Now I'm training for another one. I said I'd never do it again. 4 After days of wondering what to give Nick as a present. 5 According to the advertisement. her irritation ___________to anger. the factory is ______________ five new employees. if • while • because • since • although • after • so that I decided to enter for a half-marathon race 1______________I wanted to set myself a challenge. 3 If you want to finish decorating your room today. a turned b went с moved 10 My friend has___________nationality: she's British and American. they stole alt his mother's jewellery. That was six months ago. 6 My friend and I want______________an Internet site about national pop groups. 2 The idea of celebrating together in my party when we realised that our birthdays were on the same day. I even found I was thinking about running 4_____________I was supposed to be working.

I've not only made new friends but I feel so much better about myself. Remember to: • write a short introduction • write paragraph(s) 'for' the title • write paragraph(s) 'against' the title • summarise your own views • link your ideas appropriately • use an appropriate style Achievement Test 1 Reading 1 From statements 1-10. When I finally spoke to my friend later that day. 1 If you cannot sleep. I 4___________my friend to ask her if I could come over. 5 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verbs below. as she also wanted to see the end of the programme. 7______________ I started training. tell • go • realise • miss • be • phone • watch I 1___________a really exciting programme on the TV when suddenly there 2____________a power cut. . she told me that she 7_____________ the end of the programme as well. her mother 5____________me that my friend 6____________ to her sister's house. 3 Occasional sleeping problems should not be ignored. As soon as I 3____________ what had happened. 5 Recording sleeping patterns seldom helps. walking around will make things worse 2 What you do just before bedtime can affect how you sleep. I'm really glad I took up running again. 2 Wild animals should not be kept in zoos. circle five which reflect the content of the text. However.enough. as her sister 8_____________something on the other channel. and did not want to switch over! Writing 6 Write an argument (200-250 words) for and against one of the following statements: 1 The use of private cars in towns and cities should be banned. 4 It is helpful to try to sleep for the same amount of time each night.

Going to bed and getting up at the same time help the body establish a pattern (bodies like patterns). make sure it is dark. But at 3 a. as many times as you need to. what are the options? Get up and walk around.m. starting with your scalp and working down to your toes. active relaxation seems to be what's required. Then start talking to them. is one suggestion. Get the temperature right and the bed comfortable and switch off your phone. listen to music. then put them out of your mind. take some time during the day to write down those worries. Maybe it's time for your first little walkabout. Vocabulary 2 Complete the sentences with one of the phrasal verbs in the correct form. Tell them what you're going to accomplish tomorrow and . and when. might help further. 8 You have to focus on your body in order to relax properly. then get up again. 10 Imaginary conversations may help you sleep. Rather than lying awake going over things. And for the mind there are all sorts of intriguing possibilities. come across • run out • give up • face up to • put off • break up • send out . Only when you are sleepy should you go back to bed. Time for bed When you can't sleep. then decide the next day on a plan of action. two things can be guaranteed to upset you.. Winding down and preparing for bedtime are also strongly advised. The most common advice is to get into a routine. If you like a dark room. The first is being told to calm down. tense films and heated arguments. Another is to think of a living room you know well.. 7 You can help yourself to sleep at night by working things out in the day.or pop stars. and keeping a record of your routine and noting down what it is that wakes you up. you're going to feel dreadful in the morning. Visualising a blackboard at school with someone slowly writing numbers on it. Make a list of the problems you can deal with. and avoid vigorous exercise. decide how you are going to deal with them. And if this lying awake is getting to be a habit. and if you still can't drop off. And the second is telling yourself that if you don't go to sleep at once. say the experts. exciting books. And what's that? They've all fallen asleep without you? Oh well. Read a book. drink some milk.6 It is important to sleep in a darkened room. Stick to calming activities such as warm baths. 9 The old idea of counting sheep is no longer recommended. Once you get into bed. including the old favourite of counting sheep. Then fill the sofa and chairs with friends . Concentrate intently on relaxing all your muscle groups.

If you want to make a cappuccino. and if they drank coffee at all.1 Today Mrs Lyle ____________all the invitations to her daughter's wedding. You can also sprinkle a little chocolate 9______________the top 10______________an extra! Grammar 4 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verb in brackets. frothing some milk in a jug and then pouring it over the coffee. the consumption 2______________real coffee has been increasing dramatically all 3______________the British Isles. 4 I______________an old photograph of myself as a child when I was tidying up my room. however. 7 I am trying to______________eating chocolate. as we are singing some of our favourite songs. 2 Jim______________ (worry) about his business all last year. Always buy freshly roasted coffee beans and keep them 6______________an airtight container 7__________up to a week. 1 Alice___________(speak) French when she was a child. 2 Oh no. professionals use an espresso machine. it was always instant. These days. so yesterday he______________(decide) to postpone his summer holiday. 3 My sister is feeling depressed as last week she ______________with her boyfriend. but she_____________(not / use) the language for five years. I______________of paper. I'll have to buy some more. The following tips for perfect coffee come 5______________ a well-known restaurateur. 3 My sister and I______________(enjoy) singing in the choir at the moment. to • on • with • in • from • as • around • for • of How to make real coffee The British have always been well known 1______________their tea-drinking habits. But the British have yet to learn how 4____________make it properly. . 5 Marie is going to______________having a birthday party until her brother has returned from holiday. 6 We'll have to______________the fact that we can't afford a holiday this year. but it's very hard! 3 Complete the text with the correct prepositions. Grind just what you need (or it will taste bitter as the ground coffee reacts 8______________the air).

4 The Smith family had a great time on their trip to London ______________the terrible weather. 4 I cannot work in here if you keep on______________ (make) so much noise. 5 I remember______________(love) books about animals when I was a child. 3 Everyone enjoyed the party______________me. 6 Complete the sentences using the following expressions: in spite of • despite the fact that • without doubt • since • apart from 1 It was _____________ one of the nicest holidays I have ever had. 1 Can I borrow your bicycle tomorrow? I need ______________(go) to the other side of town. 5 ______________I started reading this book. walking around will make things worse 2 What you do just before bedtime can affect how you sleep. 5 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the gerund or infinitive. circle five which reflect the content of the text. he still enjoys going for a walk. 2 Many people are really interested in______________ (learn) about their family history. 5 Harry__________ (never / drive) a car until he started lessons last week. . I haven't watched any TV. Achievement Test 1 Reading 1 From statements 1-10. but they don't seem to have made much progress. 3 My parents have been trying___________ ___________(improve) their spoken Italian. 3 Occasional sleeping problems should not be ignored.4 ______________you______________(not / enjoy) the film last night? I saw that you______________(not / laugh) at the jokes. 2 _____________Mr Lyman is over ninety. 1 If you cannot sleep.

Then start talking to them. 8 You have to focus on your body in order to relax properly. And what's that? They've all fallen asleep without you? Oh well. Stick to calming activities such as warm baths. then get up again. starting with your scalp and working down to your toes. Another is to think of a living room you know well.4 It is helpful to try to sleep for the same amount of time each night. what are the options? Get up and walk around. Rather than lying awake going over things. Make a list of the problems you can deal with. Once you get into bed. 9 The old idea of counting sheep is no longer recommended. drink some milk. exciting books.or pop stars. you're going to feel dreadful in the morning. Going to bed and getting up at the same time help the body establish a pattern (bodies like patterns). take some time during the day to write down those worries. Maybe it's time for your first little walkabout. Then fill the sofa and chairs with friends . The first is being told to calm down. And for the mind there are all sorts of intriguing possibilities. Only when you are sleepy should you go back to bed. 5 Recording sleeping patterns seldom helps. Read a book.m. Visualising a blackboard at school with someone slowly writing numbers on it. and if you still can't drop off. And the second is telling yourself that if you don't go to sleep at once. Winding down and preparing for bedtime are also strongly advised. two things can be guaranteed to upset you. The most common advice is to get into a routine. make sure it is dark. Tell them what you're going to accomplish tomorrow and . 6 It is important to sleep in a darkened room. If you like a dark room. then decide the next day on a plan of action. decide how you are going to deal with them. and when. 7 You can help yourself to sleep at night by working things out in the day. . listen to music. 10 Imaginary conversations may help you sleep. Time for bed When you can't sleep. Get the temperature right and the bed comfortable and switch off your phone. And if this lying awake is getting to be a habit.. including the old favourite of counting sheep. tense films and heated arguments. and avoid vigorous exercise. say the experts. then put them out of your mind. might help further. and keeping a record of your routine and noting down what it is that wakes you up.. active relaxation seems to be what's required. is one suggestion. Concentrate intently on relaxing all your muscle groups. But at 3 a. as many times as you need to.

7 I am trying to______________eating chocolate. 3 My sister is feeling depressed as last week she ______________with her boyfriend. so yesterday . however. The following tips for perfect coffee come 5______________ a well-known restaurateur. but she_____________(not / use) the language for five years. If you want to make a cappuccino. frothing some milk in a jug and then pouring it over the coffee. Always buy freshly roasted coffee beans and keep them 6______________an airtight container 7__________up to a week. 5 Marie is going to______________having a birthday party until her brother has returned from holiday. 2 Jim______________ (worry) about his business all last year. Grind just what you need (or it will taste bitter as the ground coffee reacts 8______________the air). but it's very hard! 3 Complete the text with the correct prepositions. to • on • with • in • from • as • around • for • of How to make real coffee The British have always been well known 1______________their tea-drinking habits. come across • run out • give up • face up to • put off • break up • send out 1 Today Mrs Lyle ____________all the invitations to her daughter's wedding. These days.Vocabulary 2 Complete the sentences with one of the phrasal verbs in the correct form. and if they drank coffee at all. the consumption 2______________real coffee has been increasing dramatically all 3______________the British Isles. 2 Oh no. it was always instant. You can also sprinkle a little chocolate 9______________the top 10______________an extra! Grammar 4 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verb in brackets. But the British have yet to learn how 4____________make it properly. 1 Alice___________(speak) French when she was a child. 4 I______________an old photograph of myself as a child when I was tidying up my room. I'll have to buy some more. I______________of paper. professionals use an espresso machine. 6 We'll have to______________the fact that we can't afford a holiday this year.

4 The Smith family had a great time on their trip to London ______________the terrible weather. 3 My parents have been trying___________ ___________(improve) their spoken Italian. . he still enjoys going for a walk. I haven't watched any TV. 5 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the gerund or infinitive. 3 My sister and I______________(enjoy) singing in the choir at the moment. 5 ______________I started reading this book. 5 I remember______________(love) books about animals when I was a child. 6 Complete the sentences using the following expressions: in spite of • despite the fact that • without doubt • since • apart from 1 It was _____________ one of the nicest holidays I have ever had.he______________(decide) to postpone his summer holiday. 3 Everyone enjoyed the party______________me. as we are singing some of our favourite songs. 2 Many people are really interested in______________ (learn) about their family history. 1 Can I borrow your bicycle tomorrow? I need ______________(go) to the other side of town. 2 _____________Mr Lyman is over ninety. 5 Harry__________ (never / drive) a car until he started lessons last week. but they don't seem to have made much progress. 4 I cannot work in here if you keep on______________ (make) so much noise. 4 ______________you______________(not / enjoy) the film last night? I saw that you______________(not / laugh) at the jokes.

The strangest twist in the story emerged almost 50 years after the Mary Celeste was found abandoned. Write T or F in each box. Another is that the wood of the ship contained a killer fungus. But this was pure fiction. Only Pemberton escaped alive. . for some reason. Eaten in quantity. He describes how the boarding party found freshly cooked food on the captain's table. it might have been possible that they experienced hallucinations. as some ships have been known to have lethal moulds. Yet the fact that he was able to convince people to take him seriously shows how few sensible theories were around at the time. Sherlock Holmes. and why they then left the ship. For Pemberton's name is not even on the official crew register of the voyage. 1 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle invented details about what the boarding party found. This story is almost certainly untrue. According to Pemberton. One is that the crew ate mouldy bread. 2 Pemberton said that there was more than one survivor. 4 No one believed Pemberton's story. all the signs are that the crew were perfectly sane when they jumped off the ship. is a mystery in itself. A man named Pemberton claimed to have been on board the ship. Some theories have more to do with illness. there was a violent argument between the Captain and the rest of the crew. he kept the story to himself for the next half century. the creator of the famous detective. What happened to the crew? The end of the official enquiry into the wreck of the Mary Celeste marked the beginning of many theories about what may have happened. This makes a little more sense. 5 There is no evidence that the crew were hallucinating when they abandoned ship 6 It is impossible for ships to contain deadly moulds. and at the same time. However. 3 There is no record of Pemberton having been on the ship.Test 6 Reading 1 Read the article and decide whether these statements are true or false. However. and important documents missing. Why did the crew abandon the ship in such a hurry? One famous version of events was written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. But how the crew all came to be poisoned quickly.

Agatha Christie once said that as she knew nothing about guns and revolvers. 'Don't say you can't. or poison. The buildings were very old. who had been 4_____________ by my shouting. According 13______________the theatre where it is performed. 297 actors have appeared in the play. She finds evidence 6______________ criminal activities 7______________the most unlikely places. you would see the face of the man you would marry. who is famous for his round face 4______________its prominent moustache and Miss Jane Marple. when recovering 3______________an illness and her mother told her to write a story. Too frightened to 3______________. and uses her knowledge 8____________ human nature to solve mysteries that often puzzle the local police force. wrapped in a blanket! 1 a haunted b possessed c attended 2 a movement b flow c draught 3 a turn in b turn out c turn round 4 a alarmed b upset c warned . and we were told they were 1____________ by their previous owner. a. Suddenly. she was educated at home 2______________her mother. is the longest-running stage play ever. who had died of a broken heart. I went to a girls' boarding school in the English countryside. Agatha Christie's two most famous detectives are Hercule Poirot. a Belgian. and over 320 tons 14______________ice cream have been sold! 3 Choose the best answer. b or c. and come to 5______________the noise. I panicked and ran out of the corridor down the stairs and straight into the arms of a teacher. She started writing as a child. and has been thrilling audiences from 12______________the world for 48 years. The story was that every Halloween. if you went to a particular corridor at midnight. of course you can!' her mother instructed. to complete the text. when you get 10______________the end of one of her books. since its opening. It was dark and there was a cold 2______________ coming from the window behind me. The Mousetrap. her victims were usually killed 9______________a blunt instrument. and looked in the mirror there. who lives 5______________a small English village.Vocabulary 2 Complete the text with the correct prepositions. from • by • of • with • to • in • around Agatha Christie Agatha Christie is among the greatest 20th century detective writers. I saw a strange shape behind me in the mirror. I was 13 when I tried this out. an elderly spinster. But the phantom turned out to be my best friend. Born 1______________ Devon. Although she provides clues to help her readers. When I was a child. Agatha Christie's most famous play. you are often surprised 11_____________ the murderer's identity.

unidentifiable object was seen below the surface. Some of the crowd. I might have trained / ought to have trained harder. including Becky. 5 You shouldn't have read / couldn't have read your sister's diary. but there was no sign of Nessie. 3 I was terribly stiff after my first day's skiing. but others said it 4______________because it wasn't swimming quickly enough. her friends were not sympathetic . have been reported since the fifteenth century. thought that the shape 3______________Nessie. She will be very upset when she finds out. 8 I shouldn't have worried / needn't have worried about seeing the doctor. the lake still attracts thousands of tourists a year. 4 If we had got up earlier. and waited with a crowd of people for three hours in a storm taking photographs of every tiny wave.I'll go and ask him. a large. She told me that my leg wasn't badly hurt. though others think that the accounts over the years 2______________Nevertheless. 5 Use the verbs in the correct past form to complete the text. Becky had used up all her film so could not prove anything.5 a explore b investigate c inspect Grammar 4 Circle the correct option in the following sentences. Last year my cousin Becky visited Loch Ness. we could have bought / must have bought tickets for the football match. Back home. a lake in Scotland. he knew that John must have passed / might have passed his music exam. 9 Dad should have asked / might have asked when the museum closed. I mustn't have studied / needn't have studied so late yesterday evening. It couldn't have been / shouldn't have been my boyfriend because he is away on holiday. Then we wouldn't have missed the exhibition. ought to / take • must / be • need / not / worry • must / start • could / not / be • might / exaggerate Nessie-hunting Sightings of a monster known as Nessie in Loch Ness. But suddenly. Some people say that the idea of a monster 1______________as the result of a real sighting. 2 When Michael saw John smiling. 7 Martin may have found out / can't have found out Jane's phone number. 1 The teacher told us today that the test is going to be next week instead of today. 6 Someone has sent me a bunch of flowers.

g They will instantly be transported back to a world where Auntie Jean is coming to lunch. and you can see this live film on the Internet. and where close friends talk about their latest romances. and raining hard. c As I made my way around the country on a series of buses. e It's fun receiving these. and take them away. even though you know that the message hasn't been written specially for you. Suddenly I felt very frightened . elated. . There is one sentence you do not need. But Becky 6______________Some time ago. snatch my letters from a nonchalant official. f Moreover.. a I knew that if I was feeling lonely. I'd queue. detailing people. d It bought me more joy than a host of emails ever could. So Becky can do future Nessiehunting sitting at her computer! Writing 6 Write a short story (200-250 words) which starts with the following sentences: 'It was dark outside.. I could spend half an hour in a cyber cafe and walk out happy.' Remember to: • describe what happened • describe how you felt about it • use adverbs and adjectives effectively • create atmosphere Test 7 Reading 1 Choose from sentences a-g the one which fits each gap 1-6. b When I arrived there. a camera was set up to film Loch Ness in order to record everything that goes on there.and said she 5______________ a spare film. places and adventures. letters can take a long time to reach you. I was alone in the house and had just settled down to watch TV when I heard a loud noise outside the door. I wrote long and scarcely legible letters to my friends and family.

so I went with very high______ a thoughts b expectations c inclinations d ideas . but I felt that. Because of the pressure of time. and it was my first time out of Europe. 1 My friend was so excited about going to the USA. to complete the sentences. high up on the Tibetan plateau. a taking on b taking off c taking away d taking over 4 Everyone recommended the new James Bond film. telling me all her news from university. but it takes away something from |he heart of a big trip. Of course. I was delighted. and this tifne I found email just about everywhere. 1______ I'd calculate where I might be when they got around to replying. c or d. b. backpackers frequently write a newsletter and email it to everyone they know. I think everyone within_____on the bus must have heard all about it as well as me! a notice b listening c earshot d distance 2 Tim had an interesting______year before going to university. however. 4______And I visited them often. a. Vietnam and Mongolia. I had earned my letters. in cutting myself off from everything and everyone I knew. India. Vocabulary 2 Choose the best answer. 6______ Maybe I'm just being nostalgic. I emailed my mum from Lhasa. a gap b break c interval d between 3 As soon as my exams are finished. I'm _____ to the seaside to have a holiday. and request a letter back to the appropriate post office.Keeping in touch Ten years ago. 5______On my first trip to Australia. Recently I travelled round the world for a year. from Pakistan. 3______The news from home is comforting. I remember sitting down outside a post office and reading a long letter from my best friend. 2______Today homesick travellers simply wait to access Hotmail on a computer. I had recently left school. what I really loved was going to collect letters. I went to Australia on my own.

(reconstruct) 4 I love reading science fiction because you are ______________into a strange and exciting world. he seems much more______these days. have you any ______________for shopping? (recommend) 2 The nearest village to my uncle's house is four miles away. a source b origin c beginning d start 8 I have never seen Hamlet. you'll love the film that's on TV tonight. his farm is very______________. the current building is a______________.5 My brother has really grown up since leaving home. (isolate) 3 The original building was destroyed in a fire. a developed b mature c ready d complete 6 Take my______for it. 1 I am going to London at Easter. can you give me a brief _____of the plot? a extract b essence c summary d survey 9 We need to get to the cinema early so we can _____ the tickets. a pick on b pick off c pick away d pick up 3 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the word in brackets. (transport) . a idea b point c name d word 7 The Internet is an amazing _____ of information.

more and more of us want to go somewhere different. luckily nothing was stolen. And as television can bring these places into our homes. (inhabit) 9 My friend's house is ideally_________if you want to explore London. tourist travel 2______________ (limit). 70 years ago. however. . 4 I must have my hair cutting. 1 I was having my car window broken last night. for example. Do you know where I could have got it done? 7 I haven't had my bedroom painted yet as I can't decide what colour I want. it has just started to rain! 3 Where did you get your computer mended? Mine has just broken down. travel by air 6______________(consider) exotic. 2 You needn't have bothered to have your car washed. it 3______________ (protect). It is important that if. These days. For centuries. Circle the mistakes and correct them on the following line. an area is home to severely endangered wildlife.5 There has been a_____________on the River Thames for over 2000 years. Tourists do not always take care of the environments they visit: many beaches 4______________ (cover) in rubbish at the end of each day and some coral reefs 5_________ (damage) in recent years by divers and swimmers. 5 Our neighbours are having a new barbecue delivered last week. 5 Put each verb in brackets into its correct passive form to complete the text. (import) Grammar 4 Some of these sentences contain a mistake. (settle) 6 Aspirin is very_____________when you have a headache. In areas which we know to be vulnerable. (effect) 7 In the latest modern_____________of Romeo and Juliet. the main characters drive around on motorbikes. people 1______________ (fascinate) by travel to isolated places. 6 I want to have my photo taken for my passport. (produce) 8 Some of the many islands around the coast of Britain no longer have any______________. she lives only five minutes from the underground station. (situate) 10 British supermarkets sell a great deal of ______________fruit and vegetables.

a New industries b The benefits for companies c Potential for re-training d The way things were e Improved lifestyles g Not everyone's a winner f Working for yourself A job for life? By 2020 whole careers will be wiped out and new ones created in a wave of technology. we need to ensure that there is something left for them to enjoy. Staff who would previously have worked in manufacturing are now joining the new service economy and the world of information technology (IT).catching a plane is not unusual. In the early 1890s. manufacturing and mining. In 2000 it was less than 15%. about 60% of jobs in the UK fell into three categories: farming. 1 _____ Until recently in the UK. and as access to remote areas in recent years 7_______________ (make) easier. No longer. Writing 6 Write a review (200-250 words) of a book or TV programme. Junior Management might be followed by a spell abroad. it is even more important that we understand the need to behave responsibly. Since future generations 8______________(attract) to beautiful places. 2 _____ The changes have already started. In the next 15-20 years new technologies will have as great an impact on the way we work as industrial changes in the nineteenth century had on our forefathers. new employees would be sat down by an older colleague and quietly told the likely course of their career over a cup of tea. There is one heading you do not need. an executive position and eventual retirement with a gold watch and pension. The economy of the . Make sure you can survive. Include: • a brief description of the concept / plot • details of the main characters • what you thought of it • why you thought this Test 8 Reading 1 Read the following text about the future of work and match headings a-f to paragraphs 1-6.

Fewer workers are needed to produce goods and services. For workers this should mean less time travelling to work. 5 _______ Employers will gain too. more and more people will choose to become self-employed. British Gas moved 5000 of its service engineers to teleworking in 1996. such as engineering. According to a manager. a better match between work and family. Vocabulary 2 Choose the best answer. or computing. the 'information rich' and the 'information poor*. a. 4 _______ According to one expert. and by 2015 it is estimated that as many as 95% of jobs will require people with IT skills. saving office space and increasing efficiency. a exist b survive c live d pursue 2 All the_____in the company decided to write to the manager asking for a pay rise. entertainment. In the future. People working in areas such as sales. many fear that there will be a growing gap between those who are technologically literate and those who are not. 6 _______ But while those who move quickly to adapt will see rewards. 3 ______ The first evidence of these changes is already clear. working through the Internet. c or d. enabling the company to close 440 depots and offices. So one way to ensure your future is to choose a career in an industry likely to boom. reduction in stress and financial savings. more leisure time.future will consist of ideas. a staff b team c group d body . there has been a noticeable increase in efficiency. engineering and consultancy will be freed from the constraints of time and location. to complete the sentence 1 People who want to succeed in their chosen careers will have to plan carefully in order to______ the changes in the world of work. Engineers now keep in touch via laptops and mobile phones. information and knowledge. 'Flexible working represents the future of work'. b. Robots are starting to have a major impact in the workplace. and selling skills in the marketplace.

a conductor b organiser c controller d manager 5 As many jobs today require people who are computer-_____. I am interested 5_____all kinds of sport.'. I enclose my CV and I look forward 9______hearing 10______you. . so I am used to living among young people! Last summer I worked as an activities organiser in a summer camp which had children from all 3_____the world and I was told that I had a real aptitude 4_____working with children.. her voice______________. I am a university student 2_____three younger brothers. at • of • for • by • in • with • to • from • on • around Dear Sir or Madam.3 The company is moving its headquarters to a new _____with better links to the airport a position b location c situation d place 4 I am hoping that if I get enough experience in the sales team. 3 When I practised my talk. I'd advise you to do a course to improve your skills. 2 The houses______________as we sped down the street. it only lasted about seven minutes. and I have taught swimming. 4 Complete the sentences with one of the phrasal verbs in the correct form. I would be happy to come and see you before then if necessary. When I finish university. I want to train to be a physical education teacher. and I will be able to tell you for certain 6_____the end of May. It is possible that I might be able to work in September as well. for my next job I'll be able to apply for a post as a sales______. a knowledgeable b informed c literate d educated 3 Fill in the gaps with these words. I will be going back 7_____university 8_____April 1st. rush by • stretch out • stay in • trail off 1 'I just wish that. I would like to apply for the job 1_____ activities organiser in your summer camps for children. but I'll try and_____it______to ten minutes.. I will be available in July and August.

Leo________ (stay) with his grandparents. Enthusiasm and interest in healthier lifestyles essential! Would suit students wanting to earn some extra money. By 2017. You'd better go and wake him. Write a personal statement (200-250 words) to send to Goodfoods. 6 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets using willor going to. 4 Andrew's just rung from the station to say he's on his way. the numbers of people travelling by air 5_________ (rise) from 1. 5 I don't feel very well . Send CV and personal statement. 3 James is on the phone for Mark. Experts agree that in future. China 3______________(become) the most popular destination for tourists.6 billion in 1997 to five billion. He'll be sleeping / He'll sleep until lunch otherwise! 4 Please don't come round till Sunday. 5 Tom______________ (not / go) to the party on Saturday as he isn't feeling well. Experts predict that by 2007. he's _____________to watch TV.I'll go / I'll be going home after this lesson. 2 After his exams. It won't take long. Grammar 5 Put the verbs in brackets in the future simple or the future perfect. I______________(cook) dinner if you like. 1° Would you like to come swimming? • No thanks. Remember to: . Millions 4______________(book) holidays via the Internet. 7 Circle the correct future form to complete the sentences. I'll be lying / I'll lie on the beach doing nothing! 2 According to the experts. 1 Just think. I'll be writing / I I'll write my essay all day Saturday.4 Michael's too tired to go out tonight. I______________(have) an early night as I think I'm getting a cold. changes in the weather will threaten / I will be threatening the survival of many birds. He's not expecting me to pick him up but I think I _______________ (go) anyway. 3 You look exhausted. By 2020. Writing 8 We have vacancies in the Goodfoods chain of health shops for bright energetic staff for a variety of jobs including serving customers and stacking shelves. this time next week. travel 1______________ (increase). the number of people travelling abroad for business or pleasure 2______________(double). He's really looking forward to it.

1 The study was trying to show the number of mistakes that children make. and to press a . They were all more than willing to help. 6 A bell was used by the experimenters to signal the panda's mistakes. unseen by the children. playing with the various materials. circle five which reflect the content of the text. The other was outside the room. He wanted the children to come and see him one at a time. observing the session through a one-way mirror. 9 This technique helped children behave more naturally. One stayed in the room with the panda and child. about 75cm tall. was bought into a nursery where children (aged between three and five) were playing. 10 This technique was not successful overall. 4 Some of the children did not want to join in the experiment.• give details of your main interests • give details of your work experience • show how your interests and work experience could relate to the job • describe your character and abilities • use appropriate formal language Test 9 Reading 1 From statements 1-10. A toy panda. The children were trained to press a bell when the panda said something they thought was right. 8 The children were always able to spot an error. Talking pandas How do we know when young children are able to recognise errors in what people say? One ingenious research technique made use of a toy that was able to 'talk'. and talk to him so his speech would get better. two experimenters were involved. 7 The children had to tell the panda why he had made a mistake. In the laboratory test session. 5 The children could not see the experimenter who was providing the voice of the panda. 2 The children were shown the panda before the test session. They were told this was a very special kind of panda. speaking into a microphone linked to a loudspeaker in the panda's head. 3 The children were told that the panda wanted to improve its speech. because he was learning to talk.

The panda then said such sentences as 'all the garages have cars in them' (which was true) and 'all the cars are in the garages' which was false. 1 My cousin finished the London Marathon even though the weather was terrible and he had hurt his ankle.buzzer when he was wrong. The panda would also ask the children why he was wrong. or overawed by an artificial test situation.the technique proved to be a very good way of testing sentence comprehension and conversational skills. to complete the sentences. . it is important when you get to the end to have a strong______ . and a fifth car was left outside. a lightens b lights up c highlights d enlightens 5 John's_____to my news was very positive. In one of the comprehension studies. for example. if they did not immediately give a reason. a elevated b phenomenal c winning d superior 2 If you are going to give a talk. c or d. a small car was placed in each of the four small garages. Vocabulary 2 Choose the best answer. The children's reaction showed how far they were able to grasp the distinction between the sentences. he really seemed pleased for me. a. The children adapted to the situation enthusiastically . The main reason for developing this method of carrying out research was to reduce the extent to which a child might be influenced by the presence of an adult. b. It was a truly_____achievement. a recount b recite c rehearse d relate 4 This research_____the importance of motivating students. a conclusion b final c completion d outcome 3 When I was at school we had to learn a poem each week and then______it from memory.

I was completely wrong about her. 4 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the word in brackets. 3 My father still hasn't______________how to programme the video. 5 Ally keeps__________ going to the dentist because she hates it so much. 1 I would like an _____________for why you are late again. (develop) 5 I am quite frightened of my neighbour's dog. it was difficult ______________so many pictures. 4 I______________what I said about Jane. 6 We only had an hour at the exhibition. a majority b maximum c highest d most 3 Complete the sentences with the correct form of these phrasal verbs.a answer b reply c feedback d reaction 6 The_____of students in my year want to go to university. (explain) 2 Some people think it is more difficult to ______________things as one gets older.I've always wanted to play. (memory) 3 The results of the scientists'______________of the monkeys' behaviour is very interesting. put off • take in • work out • bring in • take up • take back 1 After the summer I am going______________tennis . (analyse) 4 Scientists predict major_____________ in space travel in the next decade. 2 Last year the school______________new safety regulations. (aggression) 6 It is hard to imagine what life was like before the ______________of the telephone. (invent) . He seems very______________to me.

__________________________________________ 2 I wish I (listen) to the lecture. __________________________________________ 4 If only I (telephone) Rebecca last night. 1 If Jane had known it was your birthday. she / buy you a present. CDs and videos.7 The bookshop sells______________books. I might have done better in the test. I / win the tennis match. (enthusiasm) Grammar 5 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verb in brackets. (education) 8 My friend was so___________ about her dance class. I would have heard the news sooner. (might) __________________________________________ 3 If I hadn't been so tired. I decided to go along as well. (might) __________________________________________ 7 Complete the sentences using the third conditional. (could) __________________________________________ 4 If you'd left the house earlier. (would / not) __________________________________________ 5 Sue / marry Angus if she hadn't met Jim. 1 If I had known how hot it was going to be. (would) __________________________________________ 2 My brother / get a job on a newspaper. you/ have to stantfin a queue. if he hadn't sent his application in late. __________________________________________ 3 If only Anna (not / forget) her wallet. 2 I would have stayed at home yesterday evening if I ______________(not / have) an unexpected invitation. 1 If only I (not / wake up) so late. we could have gone to the cinema. . __________________________________________ 5 I wish I (not / spend) so much money on holiday! __________________________________________ 6 Complete the other halves of these sentences using the modal verbs in brackets. I ______________ (bring) my sunhat. I would have caught the train.

Sally's dilemma 'My problem might not seem like a problem. to send to students in other European countries. Write T or F in each box. but it is. my dad came with me to the agency and they took loads of photos. I've just been offered a modelling contract in London! I was having a coffee at my local shopping centre with my best friend Lisa. he ______________(not /enter) for the race. 4 Sally's father thinks it would be good if she can save now for the future. I would have asked her to the party. Writing 8 You have been asked to write a report (200-250 words) on the educational system in your country. 4 If I ______________ (realise) she was on her own tonight. and she would like me to go and see them. 3 The agency have said that they might not be able to employ Sally in two years. 5 Jane wouldn't have gone to music school if her teacher ______________(not / encourage) her. 2 Sally's teachers don't think modelling is a suitable career. 5 Sally's mother thinks she shouldn't do any modelling for the next two years. Include: • ages of compulsory schooling • different types of secondary school • range of subjects studied • foreign languages studied • exams taken Test 10 Reading 1 Read the text and decide whether these statements are true or false. I had got up late. 1 The woman in the coffee shop approached Sally's friend first. and said to me she was from this modelling agency. At first I thought it was a joke. and . 6 Sally's grandmother doesn't want to listen to any more discussions. because I wasn't dressed up or anything.3 If Rob had known how hard the training was. Then she came up to our table. and was wearing jeans and a sloppy jersey and hadn't even washed my hair! Anyway. and there was this woman who was looking at us.

When I asked the agency. The other problem is my parents. I can't please everyone. and I don't know what to do!' Vocabulary 2 Complete the sentences with the correct forms of these phrasal verbs. maybe do a little modelling in the holidays and then see how I feel after I have taken my exams. But I think that if I don't take this opportunity now. So it would be a big risk to delay. kit out • sign up • let go • split up • talk over • get out of 1 I think watching motor racing on TV is really boring. they said they couldn't give any guarantees about a future with them if I didn't start now. But my mum says that I should stay at school for another two years. My gran who lives with us says she's fed up with us all going on about it. 2 Liz's miserable because last night she___________ with her boyfriend. The problem is that my teachers at school think I ought to stay on and take my exams before I accept the offer so I've got some choices for the future if this doesn't work out. he says I can put by some capital and I can worry about exams later on. 1 flee 2 awesome 3 deport 4 clean-cut 5 discharge 6 heiress a send out or away b neat and respectable c a woman who has or who will inherit money .now they've offered me a contract. 3 Match the words in 1-6 to the meanings in a-f. My dad is all for it. 6 My mother says that parents have to__________of their children once they are grown up. I've got to see him after school. And he has spoken to the agency who say that they will take care of me and all that. results with me. so he's happy. 3 My teacher says he wants___________ my exam. 4 Have you seen the notice about going camping? The trip won't take place unless enough people___________ for it. 5 My little sister looked very smart for her first day at school. it may not happen again. I can't see what you__________ it. she___________in her new school uniform.

a enquired b explored c searched d requested 2 Nick_______that he had fallen asleep and not done the shopping. '___________________________?' Mary asked Sarah.' said my father. a mourns b upsets c misses d regrets 6 Sarah felt ______ that she wasn't picked for the basketball team as she's a very good player. b or c.d run away e amazing f force somebody to leave a country 4 Choose the best answer. as I was carrying fresh food. as now he has been offered a job in France.what a _______of luck! a touch b stroke c point d patch Grammar 5 Change these reported sentences to direct speech. 4 The waitress told us that she'd bring our coffees to our table. . ' __________________________. 1 The passenger_______what time the train would arrive. 1 Mary asked Sarah if she had finished her packing yet. '___________________________. 3 The museum guide told the visitors not to touch the objects. They made me throw it all away. a remorseful b repentant c resentful d revengeful 7 I've won £100 on the Lottery . to complete the sentences. a. a impeded b confined c restrained d detained 5 Simon says he ________ giving up studying French in school. 2 My father told me I had to tidy my room before lunch. otherwise he wouldn't have agreed to take the job with them.' the museum guide told the visitors. a innocent b ignorant c untaught d untrained 4 I was_______by officials at the airport. a accepted b allowed c agreed d admitted 3 Glen was_______ of the company's financial problems.

The man said that the tickets_______________ for the concert. Start your summary.. .'___________________________.' said Janet.' replied Sally.'said the waitress. 3 What kind of food does Lee like? I wonder _____________________________. Writing 8 Look at the text in Task 1 on the previous page again. 'Sally's dilemma is that . 5 'I will have been working for the company for ten years on Monday. 4 'The tickets are sold out for the concert. 1 What time is lunch? Can you tell me________________________ . 6 Rewrite these questions. Sylvia said that on Monday she _______________for the company for ten years. 3 'Lucy and her friend will come on Tuesday.' the travel agent told Chris. '____________________________.' said Sylvia. 1 'I won't stop for lunch. adverbs. Write a summary (120-150 words) of the most important points in the text. 2 'Tom has been working in the garden all morning.' said Emma.' the man said. 7 Report these statements using the verb in the correct form. 4 Where do students usually work in their summer holidays? Someone asked_________________________.. 5 How much does a new car cost? I'd like to know________________________ . Janet said that she______________ for lunch. Sally replied that Lucy and her friend______________on Tuesday. Remember: • rephrase the text using your own words as far as possible • use adjectives. links words and adverb clauses to shorten or combine information • don't add your own personal views . 2 Where does the US President live? Someone enquired ______________________ . Emma told me that Tom______________ in the garden all morning. 5 The travel agent told Chris that he was trying very hard to get tickets for him.

of the latest craze for it that are significantly new. nothing. no awful boy bands posing with boards on the cover of magazines. to questions 1-5. Just me and my friends skateboarding while you lot were at work. Alan Glass bemoans the way it has become cool again. b not very skilful. b. are impressive. It's been in and out of fashion ever since. And to give you an idea of Alan's credentials. he broke his leg skateboarding in a Safeway car park a couple of years ago. 'Not very good. 'You might need a lot of attempts. but there are two aspects . 2 What does Alan Glass say about the MTV skateboarders? . At 24. when it was a kid's toy. legend has it. are they?' I was inclined to agree. But there are many more misses than hits.apparently contradictory . Even with the guys you see on MTV doing incredible jumps. The other is the way it has been taken up by a new generation who have been sold an image of street credibility through music videos and computer games. and when I heard one onlooker mutter. passers-by take in the view of the Thames on this bright summer's afternoon. a group of skateboarders are practising their manoeuvres while. 'For me and my friends.' Skateboarding's roots in the UK.Achievement Test 2 Reading 1 Read the text and choose the best answer. Then I was corrected by Alan Glass. a few feet away.' So speaks a true fan. No embarrassing adverts on TV. nothing more and nothing less. One is the degree to which skateboarding has developed into a way of reacting against government policies: it has allied itself with the forces of urban protest and with a youth culture that has succeeded in retaining some of the spontaneity and integrity of the sport in the face of growing commercial interest.. a. c frequently unsuccessful. the best times were when it wasn't fashionable. when they succeed. d always spectacular. 'Not everybody gets it right the first time. The return of skateboarding By the Royal Festival Hall on London's South Bank. c or d. with more than half a lifetime of skateboarding behind him. who was making a video of the action for a skateboarding company. lie in the long hot summer of 1976.' he explained. 'How uncool is that?' 1 The manoeuvres of the South Bank skateboarders are a incredibly slow. blissfully unaware that we were out there. These skateboarders are dedicated guys. you have to remember all the misses that have been edited out. And the spins and leaps.

according to the text? a It has little appeal for urban demonstrators. d He dislikes the media image of skateboarders. b Their unsuccessful jumps are not shown. 4 In what way is skateboarding changing. b He enjoy the attention being given to the sport. d It is an entirely commercial activity. 3 It was getting dark so we decided to______________ the nearest village and find somewhere to stay. c He prefers skateboarding in a livelier environment.a Their jumps are computer-generated. c It has become linked to political issues. 3 What do we learn about the skateboard? a It was originally used by younger children. d Their most dangerous jumps do not appear. 2 You signed a contract. c Their first jump is usually successful. b It is no longer a spontaneous movement. Vocabulary 2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of these phrasal verbs. b It was popular in hot climates. c It was an immediate success with teenagers. 5 How does Alan feel about the changes? a He feels older than other skateboarders. d It has been continuously popular since the 1970s. make for • look into • draw into • give away • move in • stand up for • move on 1 What they were saying was so interesting that I was ______________ their conversation. so you must be prepared to ______________your rights if they do not keep to the agreement. .

a drown b soak c moisten d bathe 2 If you are caught coming into the country as an illegal immigrant. and they would _____________it immediately. from. 4 I am really looking forward to hearing______________ Sue. she has not contacted me since our holiday! 5 After he failed to obey an order. a ingenious b knowing c discerning d sensitive 5 That meat is______for human consumption. 3 I was so embarrassed when I spilt coffee all over the tablecloth. 1 The lesson consisted______________ a listening text and then some comprehension questions. at.4 After an unhappy time in his first job. to. c or d. 5 The bank said they were sorry that there had been a problem with my account. a dispatched b dismissed c discharged d deported 3 It was not until Sue left home that she realised the importance of close family______ . I just wanted the ground to open up ______________me. to complete the sentences. 1 It will be easier to wash your muddy trousers if you leave them to______in water first. a ties b ropes c cords d strings 4 A really ______ collector of modern art will appreciate the importance of these paintings. Dave decided it was time to______________and try something different. 2 Be careful not to discuss Mark's surprise party if he is ______________earshot. a unfit b inadequate c incompetent d uneven 6 You are very______ if you think everything that you read about famous pop stars is true. Sam was demoted _____________ a lower rank in the . a. of. or beneath. 6 I won't bother reading that detective story now that you have______________ the ending! 7 So you'd like to rent the spare room in our flat? Great! When can you______________? 3 Choose the best answer. a believable b gullible c trustworthy d faithful 4 Fill in the gaps with within. you will be______ . b.

7 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the third conditional. I ______________(catch) tonight's post. 3 I _____________ (go) to the disco if I ____________(finish) my work. . 3 I've never seen Mike in that jacket before. needn't have. Now they won't arrive until after the weekend. I (miss) the bus.army. 6 Complete these sentences using the passive form of the verb in brackets. 1 If I _____________ (wake up) so late. 4 People______________ (not / allow) to sell food for the pigeons in Trafalgar Square any more. 2 I've tried phoning Jim but there's no answer. 4 I feel really bad about arriving late. 6 The caged bird pecked _______________his reflection in the mirror. 1 The Great Fire of London is known _____________ (start) in Pudding Lane. 3 Trafalgar Square looks much better now that some of the buildings____________ (clean). The train was ten minutes late. 2 Paul ______________(be) so angry if you _____________ (tell) him earlier about breaking his stereo. with the correct form of the verb in brackets. He ______________(get back) yet. 1 If you had finished writing the invitations. the Millennium Bridge______________(use) by 4 million people to cross the Thames each year. he must have thought it was another bird. 5 It is estimated that after it is re-opened. 2 The waxworks in Madame Tussaud's____________ (visit) by over two million people a year. 5 I______________(run) all the way to the station. He ______________(just / buy) it. near London Bridge in 1666. ought to have or could have. must have. Grammar 5 Fill in the gaps using can't have. I know I ______________(ring) and let them know.

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