Test1

Vocabulary
2 Choose the best answer, a, b, c, or d, to complete the sentences. 1 Most young people today are very interested in their___________ . a look b expression c appearance d attitude 2 The bank robber managed to _________ from the police for several weeks. a avoid b conceal c hide d mask 3 Hunters are a threat to the__________ of many wild animals. a survival b endurance c protection d subsistence 4 The actress wore a dress covered in diamonds so she would _________at the party. a stand down b stand out c stand in d stand up 5 The octopus _________itself from larger fish by surrounding itself in a cloud of black ink. a secures b harbours c shelters d protects 6 Lara found it difficult to live_________ to her parents' expectations. a up b in c down d out 7 The TV programme gave viewers a very bad _________ of life in the city.

a feeling b notion c reaction d impression 8 Some people find it easier to _________ their feelings in writing rather than on the telephone. a pronounce b propose c express d expose 3 Complete the text with the correct form of these phrasal verbs. stand for • fall behind • drop out of • get ahead • fall over 1 I had so much work last week that I_________ with the arrangements for my party. 2 Jean______________on the first day of her skiing holiday, and broke her leg. 3 If you want____________ in the pop world, you will need a good agent. 4 My uncle ______________college after six months, now he wishes he had finished the course. 5 According to the travel agency, the images in their current advertisement ______________adventure and change, as well as environmental responsibility. 4 Add one of these prefixes or suffixes to the words in brackets to complete the sentences. un- • in- • -ful • -less 1 My holiday in Greece was (wonder), I want to go back there next year. 2 If you want to have an__________ (expensive) meal on holiday, ask local people where they eat. 3 I found that book very________ (help) when I was writing my project. 4 John thought his china plate was very valuable, but he was told it was_________ (worth). 5 These days it is______________ (common) to see horses in a big city.

Grammar
5 Put the verbs in brackets into the past simple or the present perfect. 1 Last week, I ________ (start) tennis lessons, and this week I _________(do) two hours of practice. 2 Alan_________ (not / see) his cousin for ages, as she________(move) abroad last year. 3 My grandmother__________ (live) in this country for 40 years, but she ________ (never / return) to visit the country where she spent her childhood. 4 Dad________ (learn) to ski in 1990, techniques ______________ (change) a bit since then. 6 Complete the sentences using when, if or until. 1 ________you haven't finished your homework by six o'clock, it will be too late to go to the cinema. 2 Mark can't leave his job_________he has found another one. 3 I'll phone you ________I've found out the time of the train. 4 _________I have collected my photographs, you can see them. 5 I can't get on the train________I've bought a ticket. 6 ________ you've got Sally's email address with you, we can send her an email now. 7 I'll lend you this book________ I have finished reading it.

Writing
7 World survey of popular culture! •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• What are people listening to, watching and reading in your country? What are the most well-known personalities? We want your opinions now! Write a report (200-250 words) on popular culture in your country. Include: • examples from at least 2 different areas, such as films, music, etc. • examples of famous personalities

• why you feel these people are important to your country's popular culture

Test 2
Reading
1 Read the article and decide whether statements 1-7 are true or false according to the text. Write T or F in each box. 1 There is no agreement on what makes people happy. 2 Person A is more contented with her lifestyle than Person B. 3 Feelings about important events in our lives can change very quickly. 4 We should stop thinking about our own wishes. 5 Happiness can occur when you are focusing on other things. 6 Other people's high opinion of your work will give you inner satisfaction. 7 Happiness is connected with a sense of your own identity. Happiness Whatever anyone says, there doesn't appear to be any universal blueprint for happiness. While it is encouraging that happy people seem to have characteristics in common, the fact remains that one person's definition of heaven might be another's idea of hell. Thus Person A might be happiest when she is stressed at work, dealing with problems and meeting deadlines, whilst Person B prefers other activities, spending her leisure time painting and travelling. Just to add to the confusion, happiness tends to be related to a particular situation at a particular time - a career choice, relationship or even an impulse buy that makes us happy one day might make us perfectly miserable the next. Bearing this in mind, maybe it's time to loosen our grip on the fantasy of the perfect life and start concentrating on what we want - and what we've got. Far from being the ultimate goal, happiness might simply be the product of a fulfilled, centred life. Moreover, outward achievements are often less important than we think: whilst these achievements may impress other people, they may not make you happy. At the end of the day, how we choose to be happy is how we choose to be ourselves - once you have sorted that out the rest should fall into place.

Vocabulary
2 Complete these sentences using the correct form of the word in brackets. 1 Adam always talks______________about the future. (optimist)

c or d. generous. you have a positive. (resent) 7 I had a big ___________ with my best friend. (horrify) 6 I know it was wrong. Make a 4_____________decision to rid yourself of negative thoughts and to 5______________too much self-criticism. a. Steps to feeling happier! Start to build up a new 1 __________ of yourself. b. Keep a journal and 3______________all the good things that happen to you and good things that people say to you. Then say them out loud to yourself.things like playing the piano. 1 a painting b sight c scene d picture 2 a affirmative b positive c absolute d definitive 3 a write back b write down c write away d write off 4 a conscious b planned c alert d aware 5 a avoid b hide c demand d summon 6 a interested b self-centred c confident d absorbent . Ask your most trusted friend for some encouraging statements about yourself. (pressurise) 5 Jim was______________by the violence in the film he saw last nigh. but we've made it up now. but I felt ___________ of my friend's success. (argue) 8 Lucy has always had a good_____________ with her brothers. Then list your skills . (motivate) 3 Choose the best answer. to complete the gaps in the text. If you can keep 8 __________ better chance of getting through difficult times. Make a list of your 2_________ attributes . attentive. great cook etc. When you do feel 7 ___________ don't panic. (defend) 3 If I don't get enough sleep. This will help you become more 6 _____________and _________ by events. I feel very______________ the following day. ___________.words like kind. (relation) 9 My father has always believed that a good job is the key to a______________life. (irritate) 4 Sometimes children feel by their _____________ friends to buy clothes they don't really like. it's easy to become very ______________. (meaning) 10 A trip to the UK or the US can be a good way of increasing the______________of students learning English.2 When someone criticises you. even though they used to tease her.

3______________ (feel) in control of your life or your job helps. how can you help yourself 4___________(be) happy? An American psychologist has been trying 5______________ (answer) this question for 20 years. He started his research by 7______________(study) artists who became totally caught up in painting. 5 Complete the text with a verb from the list below in the correct form. Interestingly. Her name was Jill. it seems that money doesn't buy happiness. My parents tell me that they needed 2______________her when they were discussing plans with me such as where we were going on holiday. My sister used to tease me about Jill. but if you keep on 2______________(add) to it. fond of 9______________ (climb) or mad about (play) football. but she remained part of my life until I was about ten. it doesn't seem to make much difference. and what we need ___________(do) to achieve it. That is. So. Include: • how the day started • what happened • how you felt about it • what happened at the end . What they had in common was that they wanted 11_______ (follow) their pursuit for its own sake. and says she regrets 4_____________fun of me all those years ago. a basic standard of material possessions is necessary to be happy. There has been quite a lot of research into the nature of happiness. but she was very important to me.7 a overtired b overdone c overcast d overwhelmed 8 a calm b quiet c peaceful d steady Grammar 4 Put each verb in brackets in the correct form (gerund or infinitive) to complete the text. It didn't seem to matter if they were interested in 8______________ (read). Writing 6 Write a personal account (200-250 words) entitled: The best or worst day of my life. I tried 3______________about her. Three out of five people who say they are in control say they are happy. I remember 1_______ an imaginary friend. when you are challenged but you can handle it. make • have • include • forget When I was a child. He believes the key to happiness is something called 'the flow'. but soon started to look at other groups of people. This is the state you are in when you are enjoying 6______________(do) something that completely absorbs you. not for any material reward. When I changed school. My sister now has children of her own.

I spent most of my time covered in photocopying ink. I decided that it was a nasty business and I'd rather be a hairdresser. I was sleeping on a friend's floor in London. a Second thoughts b Learning the hard way c The wrong time to start d Make use of your holidays e Realities of the job f Settling in g A lucky break h A spell in the capital Hungry for words 1 ______________ You'd better like photocopying. I wasn't entirely sure I had the sort of toughness that journalists are supposed to possess. There is one heading you do not need. or whatever. mastering (slowly) the art of transferring telephone calls. And searching through half-filed. where everyone else was already muttering about becoming bankers. I won an award which gave me some . While my friends were earning extra money working in bars. I tried not to be scared by the pencil-thin fashion journalists. of course). 5 _____________ Shortly after I'd telephoned a hairdressing school. I didn't think I'd ever grasp shorthand. And faxing. I edited the student newspaper before I began to have doubts about whether this was really the career for me. answering telephones and taking notes for a local or national publication (unpaid. trying to look like a professional journalist. hunting for an article from 1983 about football. but would take the stairs so I could avoid standing next to them in the lift. it's worth spending your holidays making coffee.Test 3 Reading 1 Read the following text and match headings a-h with paragraphs 1-7. 4 _____________ Back at university. 2 _______________ The idea occurred to me halfway through university. If you're considering a career in journalism. In short. old copies of the Boxwood News. I sent off a handful of letters and managed to get a temporary job on a fashion magazine. During my first week at the magazine. 3 ________________ My first experience of professional journalism did not go smoothly.

It's like any job . 5 jean ran all the way to the station and managed ______________onto the train just before it left. 6 _______________ In September. we were to different groups. and where everything is.six months down the line I'm still finding out everyone's name. 4 Chris's hobby is fixing and______________old motorcycles. 1 When we arrived at the training course. and how to use the computers. a allocated b shared c placed . Deadlines are tougher. 3 The film star said she hated the way people used ______________at her when she went shopping. for the first time I felt that I was actually part of the publication. a. 7 The earthquake______________the city unexpectedly and many people were killed. It was a fantastic four weeks. I even still feel nervous when I speak to my section editor! 7 ________________ It's different from student journalism. 2 Nobody believed that John got to the top of the mountain. 3 Choose the best answer. Although it was yet more filing and photocopying. b or c. for each gap. I sat in on meetings -I even interviewed a couple of fashion designers.work experience on a national Sunday paper. But it's worth it. 6 If you want to do your best in these exams. you should ______________too many late nights. the need for accuracy greater. and it's here I've been happiest. People write and complain and it's still the most mortifying thing in the world to know you've got your facts wrong and let everyone down. offer longer holidays and more sociable hours. I moved to my present job. Vocabulary 2 Complete the sentences using one of the following verbs in the correct form. grab • stare • strike • prove • maintain • leap • avoid 1 Yesterday. it is. There are certainly jobs that pay better. thieves ___________ Sarah's handbag while she was out shopping. At least for me. but he had photos______________it.

1 The friend ___________ party I'm going to is eighteen tomorrow. a deep b severe с fundamental Grammar 4 Complete the sentences with a relative pronoun. a defined b enclosed с contained 8 The second part of the lesson was ____________ to practising the language in pairs. a grouped b gathered с collected 11 There are __________ differences between the two political parties. . a encouraged b supported c organised 4 Nathan was______________to go on an expedition through the jungle. didn't think I was nearly good enough. 3 The person____________answered the phone wasn't the person I was looking for. a represent b substitute с display 6 The principle of free medical care for everyone was ____________in Britain in 1948. a formed b installed с established 7 The writer's house_____________a fascinating collection of old photographs. Sam felt he had______ a great deal. a applied b preferred c selected 5 Suzy was chosen to______________ her school at the national youth festival. a told b maintained c discussed 3 My teacher ______________ me to enter the singing competition.2 The speaker ______________ that children should read rather than watch TV. is really exciting. 2 This detective story. a committed b devoted с occupied 9 After spending a whole weekend working on his motorcycle. a achieved b won с reached 10 The crowds_____hours before the pop concert began so they could get the best view of the stage. ____________ is set in Florence.

5 Sarah told me all about the play. Circle the mistake and write the correct sentence underneath. Here are some points you could mention: • current situation in your school • why the Internet is (not) important • financial issues. 1 This is the coat what Suzy bought last week. Writing 7 Write an article (200-250 words) for a national student magazine entitled: The need for the Internet in schools. 6 Complete the sentences using the phrases below. 4 I know you don't like Mark. e. 3 The world is at real risk from global warming. 5 There is a mistake in each of these sentences. 2 That is the person where I want to teach me the violin.___________ she said was fantastic.4 The house___________Dominic is living has a big garden. paying for computers and Internet access • dealing with problems of misuse . 5 I have to say that it was _____________the worst film I've ever seen. _____________ we had a great time. _________the experts. __________I think you should accept his invitation to dinner.do they belong to you? 5 Laura agreed with everything who you suggested.g. 2 We had sun. sea and wonderful food on holiday. everyone else in his family loves chocolate. 3 Is this the cinema who you were trying to find? 4 I don't know which shoes these are . nevertheless • all in all • without doubt • apart from • according to 1 ___________Charlie.

'In the past. Dolphin therapy As his feet splash through the warm waters of a huge outdoor pool at Dolphin Cove in the Florida Keys. He suffers from a disability which means he has difficulty communicating with the rest of the world. It is a deeply memorable experience.' The captive dolphins are part of the Dolphin Human Therapy programme.' 1 Jamie benefits from his sessions with the dolphins because . which responds with a shake of its head or fin. who uses dolphins to help children with mental and physical disabilities. however. 'I've seen them look at a child and observe what the problem is. established by Dr David Nathanson. the dolphins are off. through a form of whistling. When a swimmer slides into water alongside a dolphin they can actually feel their skin tingling as the dolphin scans them with sonar. more patient with others. a.Test 4 Reading 1 Read the text and choose the best answer. he wouldn't even touch anything solid. too. says May. people pay to have a 30-minute swim with them. to attract the attention of females. b. The sessions start with the teacher encouraging the child to motion 'hello' to a dolphin. They are more dominant with some children. Anyone tempted to swim with wild dolphins.' says Jeffrey Bicknell. They have also been filmed killing small porpoises (animals similar to dolphins). which is when one dolphin whistles and another repeats the sound within three seconds. gliding around effortlessly. who works with the children. clearly observing their human visitors. They can have a vicious streak. and change their behaviour according to the nature of the problem. to questions 1-7. 'It's opening a new world for him. Adults too are attracted to swimming with captive dolphins as well. should be careful. His parents are happy. who sit with the children at the water's edge. Scientists have discovered that dolphins 'talk' to each other. Then with a flip of their powerful tails. the dolphins' contribution to the children's progress is acknowledged. The child is offered another chance to play with the dolphin if he or she works hard during the session. probably mistaking them for baby dolphins. The dolphins are not treated as miracle healers. ten-year-old Jamie has a delighted expression on his face. Jamie's mother. and now he's grabbing hold of the dolphin's fin'. 'I think dolphins are incredible. Male dolphins will sometimes kill baby dolphins. At a theme park near Orlando. Back at Dolphin Cove. but the presence of playful dolphins elicits attention and squeals of pleasure. Instead. c or d. the possibility of touching their grey-suede skin or even having a swim with a dolphin is a reward that encourages children like Jamie to respond to their teachers. USA. The animals practise 'whistle matching'.

2 What is the aim of using dolphins? a to study the effects of disability on children b to offer replacement treatment to children c to help parents understand their children d to help children work better with their teachers 3 When the dolphins are with the children. b send messages to each other. 4 Adults enjoy swimming with captive dolphins because a the dolphins help them swim faster. . 7 Jeffrey Bicknell points out that dolphins a prefer playing with particular types of children. b enjoy the attention they get from the children. b try to attract the children's attention. 5 Studies of wild dolphins have shown that some are a aggressive towards other dolphins. d react to unknown situations. 6 'Whistle matching' is how dolphins a communicate with humans. c he can talk to the other children. d captive dolphins swim more slowly than wild dolphins.a he has never been swimming before. c vary the sounds they make. c more unfriendly than they used to be. c the dolphins can cure skin conditions. b they can sense the dolphins' sonar. they a sometimes play amongst themselves. d communicate with each other about the children. c behave according to the needs of individual children. d frightened of porpoises. b willing to swim with humans. d he has always enjoyed being with animals. c ignore the adults in the water d react when the children wave at them. b he plays with the dolphins in the water.

(globe) 5 Lead-free petrol reduces ___________ in our cities. to complete the sentences. (survive) 3 We had a very______________sale in aid of an animal charity. 1 Most mammals are completely _____________ when they are born and depend on their mothers. 1 I __________ apologise for the trouble I caused you yesterday. (exceptional) 8 Some people feel that animals should not be kept in ______________ . (characterise) 3 Choose the best answer. (care) 7 You need to be______________ well-qualified to work with wild animals. a deeply c wholly b sincerely d fully 2 Lee felt that having a Ferrari would give him considerable a status b disinction c grade d standard 3 The zoos breed animals so that their future is_____________ a insured c assured .(captive) 9 In a very cold winter many wild animals are at risk of dying from______________ . b or c. (help) 2 Scientists are concerned for the______________of the Tusker elephant. (pollute) 6 Most people know that they need to be ______________about the disposal of rubbish. a. (success) 4 The___________ effects of environmental damage is very worrying.Vocabulary 2 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the words in brackets. (starve) 10 Humans and chimpanzees share many______________.

3 Pam_____________ (never / see) animals in the wild: she'd love to go on safari. Patrick will think ____________ before going sailing again.b confirmed d preserved 4 I can't_____________ to spend any more time on this piece of work. but it turned out to be a cheap____________ . you should _____________ the risks. . we ___________(try) all morning. and he almost has enough money. a second c double b twice d two times 8 My friend bought an antique vase. a fraud c likeness b falsity d fake Grammar 4 Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect or the present perfect continuous. a allow c risk b commit d afford 5 Before going paragliding. a count c assess b view d test 6 I can't go climbing tomorrow as some of my equipment is a faulty b mistaken c wrong d poor 7 After such a difficult day. 2 It's impossible to get tickets for the football match. 1 My brother_____________ (save) up for a computer for three months now.

but I still have not made up my mind what to do. 3 Mike is watching / watches history programmes on television in preparation for his exam. 6 Jenny is painting / paints her room yellow.4 Jane _____________ (learn) Czech for three months and she's already quite good. 1 We train / are training very hard this week so we will be ready for the race. 7 I______________(always / believe) that animals understand far more than we realise. 9 Mrs Jones______________(seldom / travel) outside the county where she lives. 5 At last John____________(decide) what he wants to do when he leaves school. 4 My mother often is staying / stays with my sister to help her with the new baby. . it should be finished by Christmas. 5 I enjoy / am enjoying detective stories. you should try reading one. 6 My parents and I______________(spend) every summer since I was a child at my grandparents' house. 8 I_____________ (think) about what you said all day. They have written to you asking for information about the following: • when and where you will arrive • if there is anything specialyou would like to do during your stay • if there is anything you cannot eat or drink • whether you could stay for an extra week to go with them to Scotland . Writing 6 Some English friends have invited you to stay in London for a week. 5 Choose the correct form of the verb in these sentences. 2 Paulais working / works in a clothes shop before starting at university.

The radar was alarmed. The worry. There is one heading you do not need... my leg is black from the bruises. the berg was invisible to radar.. [Later] I'm totally exhausted. but now it's light I have to go and sort it out. as the very first time I was ever alone on her was just a few mrles from this famous rock. this is the hardest part for me -putting us in the right place. Once I got to the top a rainstorm came over. the constant fretting.Write an informal letter (120-150 words) to your friends answering their questions. Day 66 3___________ I feel overwhelmed.. Day 53 2__________ I feel quite low now. even when I was right next to it.the experience of making this kind of decision and standing by it. Within seconds I was on deck. All I could think of was what would have happened it I had hit it. The wind was all over the place. the hours spent staring at a computer screen analysing and reanalysing till you are blue in the face. I've been preparing mentally for another climb. I guess this is what I lack . but as is sometimes the case. Match headings a-g with paragraphs 1-6. Day 83 5___________ . actually sailing through the white water next to it.an iceberg right by the boat. a A significant landmark b A lapse of concentration с A lucky escape d A strange vision e An unscheduled stop f A question of practice g A nightmare ascent Ellen's race diary Day 30 1_________ I awoke with a start from a short nap. the youngest person to sail single-handed around the world. I looked out of the window in the cabin and there it was . Day 80 4____________ I've been hand steering all night.. The stress and difficulties of the last few days are melting away and I feel emotional as I approach Cape Horn. and the yacht and I passed within 15-20 metres of the berg. I just want to cry. The second time for my boat Kingfisher and me together. I'm tired. It's a great symbol for the two of us personally.. Test 5 Reading 1 Read the following extracts from the diary of Ellen MacArthur. the wind indicator wasn't working properly .

I wanted to be west.. but that moment of fatigue lost me that advantage. Jackie________her brother from school.you have to be prepared to practise as well.I'm still kicking myself for my mistake three days ago when I fell asleep after climbing the mast.. a even b enough с although 4 The pop star has a group of_________fans who go to every concert he gives. 1 After getting up at 4 a. a broke in b broke away с broke up 7 On Fridays. and let the boat head further east. to complete the sentences. a picks over b picks up с picks at 8 If I complain to the manager about this meal. Ellen eventually finished the 2000 Vendee Globe race in second place. a involved b dedicated с concerned 5 Learning an instrument is not just a _________ of liking music .m. Vocabulary 2 Choose the best answer. will you ___________ . Day 94 6__________ The wind has switched more south-west so I'm sailing at a good speed. two days running. b or c. a knackered b overwhelmed с outdone 2 If you_________all the time you spend watching TV each week.I'm surprised that it has lasted this long. a question b thought с process 6 Lisa was really upset when she________with her boyfriend. a. I was absolutely _________on the third day. my sister and I have chosen the same present for my mother's birthday. I had the weirdest dream last night: we were all doing the race on bicycles! Don't ask me what I'm doing after this race . I'm sure you will be surprised how much it is. a add in b add on с add up 3 Funnily_________. I look at the repair of the sail and pray . I can't help thinking where I would be if I'd held that more westerly position.

2______________ I had never done a lot of running before. I had always enjoyed keeping fit. 6 My friend and I want______________an Internet site about national pop groups. a duo b dual с double 3 Complete the sentences with one of these phrasal verbs in the correct form. 2 The idea of celebrating together in my party when we realised that our birthdays were on the same day. Soon it took over my life. you'll have to______________straight away. her irritation ___________to anger. the factory is ______________ five new employees. I even found I was thinking about running 4_____________I was supposed to be working.a help me up b show me up с back me up 9 After Sue had been waiting for over an hour. I got up an hour earlier every day 3______________I could run before leaving for work. I said I'd never do it again. a turned b went с moved 10 My friend has___________nationality: she's British and American. Ben______________the idea of a ticket to a pop concert. 9 When burglars______________Simon's house. Now I'm training for another one. 6______________I'm fit . Grammar 4 Complete the sentences using one of the following adverbs. 7 I'm sorry but I'm going to be late as the car has 8 The cat was nearly ____________ but luckily the driver stopped just in time. and want to do a full marathon next year. 3 If you want to finish decorating your room today. 4 After days of wondering what to give Nick as a present. if • while • because • since • although • after • so that I decided to enter for a half-marathon race 1______________I wanted to set myself a challenge. That was six months ago. come about • run over • break down • set up • get cracking • break in • hit on • take on • dress up 1 My little sister loves___________ clothes. 5 According to the advertisement. Immediately 5______________ the race was over. they stole alt his mother's jewellery.

circle five which reflect the content of the text. and did not want to switch over! Writing 6 Write an argument (200-250 words) for and against one of the following statements: 1 The use of private cars in towns and cities should be banned. As soon as I 3____________ what had happened. as her sister 8_____________something on the other channel. she told me that she 7_____________ the end of the programme as well. Remember to: • write a short introduction • write paragraph(s) 'for' the title • write paragraph(s) 'against' the title • summarise your own views • link your ideas appropriately • use an appropriate style Achievement Test 1 Reading 1 From statements 1-10. However. I 4___________my friend to ask her if I could come over. 3 Occasional sleeping problems should not be ignored. 4 It is helpful to try to sleep for the same amount of time each night. tell • go • realise • miss • be • phone • watch I 1___________a really exciting programme on the TV when suddenly there 2____________a power cut. 5 Recording sleeping patterns seldom helps. walking around will make things worse 2 What you do just before bedtime can affect how you sleep. I've not only made new friends but I feel so much better about myself. 5 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verbs below. .enough. 2 Wild animals should not be kept in zoos. as she also wanted to see the end of the programme. When I finally spoke to my friend later that day. 7______________ I started training. her mother 5____________me that my friend 6____________ to her sister's house. I'm really glad I took up running again. 1 If you cannot sleep.

Time for bed When you can't sleep. And what's that? They've all fallen asleep without you? Oh well. Going to bed and getting up at the same time help the body establish a pattern (bodies like patterns). Once you get into bed. If you like a dark room.. Stick to calming activities such as warm baths. then get up again. And the second is telling yourself that if you don't go to sleep at once. 7 You can help yourself to sleep at night by working things out in the day. Rather than lying awake going over things. The most common advice is to get into a routine. is one suggestion. decide how you are going to deal with them. Maybe it's time for your first little walkabout. active relaxation seems to be what's required.. tense films and heated arguments. come across • run out • give up • face up to • put off • break up • send out . listen to music. Vocabulary 2 Complete the sentences with one of the phrasal verbs in the correct form. what are the options? Get up and walk around.6 It is important to sleep in a darkened room. say the experts. and avoid vigorous exercise. 9 The old idea of counting sheep is no longer recommended. Only when you are sleepy should you go back to bed. Read a book. 10 Imaginary conversations may help you sleep. Make a list of the problems you can deal with. But at 3 a. Then start talking to them. Tell them what you're going to accomplish tomorrow and . starting with your scalp and working down to your toes. then put them out of your mind. And if this lying awake is getting to be a habit. Visualising a blackboard at school with someone slowly writing numbers on it. Get the temperature right and the bed comfortable and switch off your phone. might help further. including the old favourite of counting sheep. The first is being told to calm down.or pop stars. make sure it is dark.m. as many times as you need to. drink some milk. Then fill the sofa and chairs with friends . Concentrate intently on relaxing all your muscle groups. And for the mind there are all sorts of intriguing possibilities. take some time during the day to write down those worries. Winding down and preparing for bedtime are also strongly advised. you're going to feel dreadful in the morning. then decide the next day on a plan of action. and keeping a record of your routine and noting down what it is that wakes you up. exciting books. Another is to think of a living room you know well. two things can be guaranteed to upset you. and when. and if you still can't drop off. 8 You have to focus on your body in order to relax properly.

3 My sister and I______________(enjoy) singing in the choir at the moment. 7 I am trying to______________eating chocolate. so yesterday he______________(decide) to postpone his summer holiday. But the British have yet to learn how 4____________make it properly. I'll have to buy some more. 2 Oh no. Grind just what you need (or it will taste bitter as the ground coffee reacts 8______________the air). the consumption 2______________real coffee has been increasing dramatically all 3______________the British Isles. 4 I______________an old photograph of myself as a child when I was tidying up my room. professionals use an espresso machine. it was always instant. The following tips for perfect coffee come 5______________ a well-known restaurateur. and if they drank coffee at all. 6 We'll have to______________the fact that we can't afford a holiday this year. 3 My sister is feeling depressed as last week she ______________with her boyfriend. 5 Marie is going to______________having a birthday party until her brother has returned from holiday. frothing some milk in a jug and then pouring it over the coffee. These days. but she_____________(not / use) the language for five years. You can also sprinkle a little chocolate 9______________the top 10______________an extra! Grammar 4 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verb in brackets.1 Today Mrs Lyle ____________all the invitations to her daughter's wedding. Always buy freshly roasted coffee beans and keep them 6______________an airtight container 7__________up to a week. 1 Alice___________(speak) French when she was a child. . to • on • with • in • from • as • around • for • of How to make real coffee The British have always been well known 1______________their tea-drinking habits. but it's very hard! 3 Complete the text with the correct prepositions. however. I______________of paper. 2 Jim______________ (worry) about his business all last year. as we are singing some of our favourite songs. If you want to make a cappuccino.

4 ______________you______________(not / enjoy) the film last night? I saw that you______________(not / laugh) at the jokes. he still enjoys going for a walk. but they don't seem to have made much progress. 5 I remember______________(love) books about animals when I was a child. 4 The Smith family had a great time on their trip to London ______________the terrible weather. walking around will make things worse 2 What you do just before bedtime can affect how you sleep. I haven't watched any TV. 3 Everyone enjoyed the party______________me. 5 ______________I started reading this book. 6 Complete the sentences using the following expressions: in spite of • despite the fact that • without doubt • since • apart from 1 It was _____________ one of the nicest holidays I have ever had. 1 If you cannot sleep. Achievement Test 1 Reading 1 From statements 1-10. 3 My parents have been trying___________ ___________(improve) their spoken Italian. 5 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the gerund or infinitive. . 2 _____________Mr Lyman is over ninety. circle five which reflect the content of the text. 2 Many people are really interested in______________ (learn) about their family history. 4 I cannot work in here if you keep on______________ (make) so much noise. 1 Can I borrow your bicycle tomorrow? I need ______________(go) to the other side of town. 5 Harry__________ (never / drive) a car until he started lessons last week. 3 Occasional sleeping problems should not be ignored.

Winding down and preparing for bedtime are also strongly advised. Get the temperature right and the bed comfortable and switch off your phone. If you like a dark room. The most common advice is to get into a routine.4 It is helpful to try to sleep for the same amount of time each night. 8 You have to focus on your body in order to relax properly. exciting books. 9 The old idea of counting sheep is no longer recommended. is one suggestion. Going to bed and getting up at the same time help the body establish a pattern (bodies like patterns). Stick to calming activities such as warm baths. and avoid vigorous exercise. drink some milk.m. might help further. you're going to feel dreadful in the morning. make sure it is dark. two things can be guaranteed to upset you. . But at 3 a.. and when. active relaxation seems to be what's required. say the experts. Then start talking to them. tense films and heated arguments. then put them out of your mind. 6 It is important to sleep in a darkened room. and if you still can't drop off. as many times as you need to.or pop stars. what are the options? Get up and walk around.. take some time during the day to write down those worries. Then fill the sofa and chairs with friends . Tell them what you're going to accomplish tomorrow and . starting with your scalp and working down to your toes. Time for bed When you can't sleep. including the old favourite of counting sheep. Concentrate intently on relaxing all your muscle groups. And what's that? They've all fallen asleep without you? Oh well. Rather than lying awake going over things. Make a list of the problems you can deal with. Another is to think of a living room you know well. Maybe it's time for your first little walkabout. 10 Imaginary conversations may help you sleep. 7 You can help yourself to sleep at night by working things out in the day. The first is being told to calm down. Read a book. and keeping a record of your routine and noting down what it is that wakes you up. then get up again. Once you get into bed. decide how you are going to deal with them. And if this lying awake is getting to be a habit. then decide the next day on a plan of action. Visualising a blackboard at school with someone slowly writing numbers on it. listen to music. And the second is telling yourself that if you don't go to sleep at once. 5 Recording sleeping patterns seldom helps. And for the mind there are all sorts of intriguing possibilities. Only when you are sleepy should you go back to bed.

to • on • with • in • from • as • around • for • of How to make real coffee The British have always been well known 1______________their tea-drinking habits. 4 I______________an old photograph of myself as a child when I was tidying up my room. however. frothing some milk in a jug and then pouring it over the coffee. If you want to make a cappuccino. These days. Grind just what you need (or it will taste bitter as the ground coffee reacts 8______________the air). You can also sprinkle a little chocolate 9______________the top 10______________an extra! Grammar 4 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verb in brackets. 1 Alice___________(speak) French when she was a child. but she_____________(not / use) the language for five years. 2 Oh no. 7 I am trying to______________eating chocolate. 3 My sister is feeling depressed as last week she ______________with her boyfriend. the consumption 2______________real coffee has been increasing dramatically all 3______________the British Isles. But the British have yet to learn how 4____________make it properly. and if they drank coffee at all. The following tips for perfect coffee come 5______________ a well-known restaurateur. so yesterday . professionals use an espresso machine. 6 We'll have to______________the fact that we can't afford a holiday this year. I______________of paper. Always buy freshly roasted coffee beans and keep them 6______________an airtight container 7__________up to a week. it was always instant. 2 Jim______________ (worry) about his business all last year. come across • run out • give up • face up to • put off • break up • send out 1 Today Mrs Lyle ____________all the invitations to her daughter's wedding. I'll have to buy some more. 5 Marie is going to______________having a birthday party until her brother has returned from holiday. but it's very hard! 3 Complete the text with the correct prepositions.Vocabulary 2 Complete the sentences with one of the phrasal verbs in the correct form.

he______________(decide) to postpone his summer holiday. . 4 The Smith family had a great time on their trip to London ______________the terrible weather. I haven't watched any TV. 1 Can I borrow your bicycle tomorrow? I need ______________(go) to the other side of town. 6 Complete the sentences using the following expressions: in spite of • despite the fact that • without doubt • since • apart from 1 It was _____________ one of the nicest holidays I have ever had. he still enjoys going for a walk. 3 My parents have been trying___________ ___________(improve) their spoken Italian. 5 I remember______________(love) books about animals when I was a child. but they don't seem to have made much progress. 5 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the gerund or infinitive. 3 My sister and I______________(enjoy) singing in the choir at the moment. 5 ______________I started reading this book. 4 ______________you______________(not / enjoy) the film last night? I saw that you______________(not / laugh) at the jokes. 4 I cannot work in here if you keep on______________ (make) so much noise. 5 Harry__________ (never / drive) a car until he started lessons last week. 2 Many people are really interested in______________ (learn) about their family history. as we are singing some of our favourite songs. 3 Everyone enjoyed the party______________me. 2 _____________Mr Lyman is over ninety.

Eaten in quantity. Only Pemberton escaped alive. . as some ships have been known to have lethal moulds. he kept the story to himself for the next half century. 4 No one believed Pemberton's story. it might have been possible that they experienced hallucinations. A man named Pemberton claimed to have been on board the ship. But how the crew all came to be poisoned quickly. This makes a little more sense. The strangest twist in the story emerged almost 50 years after the Mary Celeste was found abandoned. Sherlock Holmes. However. For Pemberton's name is not even on the official crew register of the voyage. Some theories have more to do with illness. What happened to the crew? The end of the official enquiry into the wreck of the Mary Celeste marked the beginning of many theories about what may have happened. and at the same time. Why did the crew abandon the ship in such a hurry? One famous version of events was written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.Test 6 Reading 1 Read the article and decide whether these statements are true or false. However. 1 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle invented details about what the boarding party found. One is that the crew ate mouldy bread. and important documents missing. Yet the fact that he was able to convince people to take him seriously shows how few sensible theories were around at the time. 2 Pemberton said that there was more than one survivor. for some reason. Write T or F in each box. Another is that the wood of the ship contained a killer fungus. is a mystery in itself. This story is almost certainly untrue. and why they then left the ship. all the signs are that the crew were perfectly sane when they jumped off the ship. the creator of the famous detective. He describes how the boarding party found freshly cooked food on the captain's table. 3 There is no record of Pemberton having been on the ship. But this was pure fiction. 5 There is no evidence that the crew were hallucinating when they abandoned ship 6 It is impossible for ships to contain deadly moulds. there was a violent argument between the Captain and the rest of the crew. According to Pemberton.

an elderly spinster. if you went to a particular corridor at midnight. 'Don't say you can't. a. who lives 5______________a small English village. Suddenly. and we were told they were 1____________ by their previous owner.Vocabulary 2 Complete the text with the correct prepositions. a Belgian. when recovering 3______________an illness and her mother told her to write a story. It was dark and there was a cold 2______________ coming from the window behind me. is the longest-running stage play ever. The Mousetrap. Although she provides clues to help her readers. But the phantom turned out to be my best friend. who had been 4_____________ by my shouting. or poison. Agatha Christie's two most famous detectives are Hercule Poirot. I saw a strange shape behind me in the mirror. Agatha Christie once said that as she knew nothing about guns and revolvers. Agatha Christie's most famous play. I went to a girls' boarding school in the English countryside. The buildings were very old. you would see the face of the man you would marry. who had died of a broken heart. since its opening. When I was a child. She finds evidence 6______________ criminal activities 7______________the most unlikely places. b or c. wrapped in a blanket! 1 a haunted b possessed c attended 2 a movement b flow c draught 3 a turn in b turn out c turn round 4 a alarmed b upset c warned . The story was that every Halloween. of course you can!' her mother instructed. According 13______________the theatre where it is performed. I was 13 when I tried this out. and has been thrilling audiences from 12______________the world for 48 years. Too frightened to 3______________. and come to 5______________the noise. her victims were usually killed 9______________a blunt instrument. who is famous for his round face 4______________its prominent moustache and Miss Jane Marple. 297 actors have appeared in the play. I panicked and ran out of the corridor down the stairs and straight into the arms of a teacher. from • by • of • with • to • in • around Agatha Christie Agatha Christie is among the greatest 20th century detective writers. Born 1______________ Devon. she was educated at home 2______________her mother. and uses her knowledge 8____________ human nature to solve mysteries that often puzzle the local police force. you are often surprised 11_____________ the murderer's identity. to complete the text. She started writing as a child. and looked in the mirror there. when you get 10______________the end of one of her books. and over 320 tons 14______________ice cream have been sold! 3 Choose the best answer.

thought that the shape 3______________Nessie. Then we wouldn't have missed the exhibition. have been reported since the fifteenth century. 1 The teacher told us today that the test is going to be next week instead of today. Some of the crowd. ought to / take • must / be • need / not / worry • must / start • could / not / be • might / exaggerate Nessie-hunting Sightings of a monster known as Nessie in Loch Ness. and waited with a crowd of people for three hours in a storm taking photographs of every tiny wave. It couldn't have been / shouldn't have been my boyfriend because he is away on holiday. we could have bought / must have bought tickets for the football match. She told me that my leg wasn't badly hurt. Some people say that the idea of a monster 1______________as the result of a real sighting. I might have trained / ought to have trained harder. he knew that John must have passed / might have passed his music exam. though others think that the accounts over the years 2______________Nevertheless. 9 Dad should have asked / might have asked when the museum closed. but others said it 4______________because it wasn't swimming quickly enough. her friends were not sympathetic . but there was no sign of Nessie. 3 I was terribly stiff after my first day's skiing. 6 Someone has sent me a bunch of flowers. unidentifiable object was seen below the surface. Last year my cousin Becky visited Loch Ness. the lake still attracts thousands of tourists a year. Becky had used up all her film so could not prove anything. But suddenly. including Becky. a large. 5 You shouldn't have read / couldn't have read your sister's diary. a lake in Scotland. I mustn't have studied / needn't have studied so late yesterday evening.5 a explore b investigate c inspect Grammar 4 Circle the correct option in the following sentences. Back home.I'll go and ask him. She will be very upset when she finds out. 2 When Michael saw John smiling. 7 Martin may have found out / can't have found out Jane's phone number. 8 I shouldn't have worried / needn't have worried about seeing the doctor. 5 Use the verbs in the correct past form to complete the text. 4 If we had got up earlier.

snatch my letters from a nonchalant official. d It bought me more joy than a host of emails ever could.' Remember to: • describe what happened • describe how you felt about it • use adverbs and adjectives effectively • create atmosphere Test 7 Reading 1 Choose from sentences a-g the one which fits each gap 1-6. even though you know that the message hasn't been written specially for you. Suddenly I felt very frightened .. e It's fun receiving these. a I knew that if I was feeling lonely. I could spend half an hour in a cyber cafe and walk out happy. I wrote long and scarcely legible letters to my friends and family. . detailing people. But Becky 6______________Some time ago.. and raining hard. b When I arrived there. elated. places and adventures. and take them away. a camera was set up to film Loch Ness in order to record everything that goes on there. and you can see this live film on the Internet. So Becky can do future Nessiehunting sitting at her computer! Writing 6 Write a short story (200-250 words) which starts with the following sentences: 'It was dark outside. c As I made my way around the country on a series of buses. letters can take a long time to reach you. f Moreover. g They will instantly be transported back to a world where Auntie Jean is coming to lunch.and said she 5______________ a spare film. There is one sentence you do not need. I'd queue. I was alone in the house and had just settled down to watch TV when I heard a loud noise outside the door. and where close friends talk about their latest romances.

Vietnam and Mongolia. a gap b break c interval d between 3 As soon as my exams are finished. I had recently left school. but it takes away something from |he heart of a big trip. Because of the pressure of time. I remember sitting down outside a post office and reading a long letter from my best friend. Vocabulary 2 Choose the best answer. 5______On my first trip to Australia. but I felt that. 4______And I visited them often. Recently I travelled round the world for a year.Keeping in touch Ten years ago. high up on the Tibetan plateau. from Pakistan. I'm _____ to the seaside to have a holiday. backpackers frequently write a newsletter and email it to everyone they know. 2______Today homesick travellers simply wait to access Hotmail on a computer. and request a letter back to the appropriate post office. Of course. c or d. India. and this tifne I found email just about everywhere. b. however. in cutting myself off from everything and everyone I knew. 1______ I'd calculate where I might be when they got around to replying. I think everyone within_____on the bus must have heard all about it as well as me! a notice b listening c earshot d distance 2 Tim had an interesting______year before going to university. I had earned my letters. 3______The news from home is comforting. and it was my first time out of Europe. telling me all her news from university. what I really loved was going to collect letters. to complete the sentences. I emailed my mum from Lhasa. I was delighted. a. so I went with very high______ a thoughts b expectations c inclinations d ideas . 1 My friend was so excited about going to the USA. a taking on b taking off c taking away d taking over 4 Everyone recommended the new James Bond film. I went to Australia on my own. 6______ Maybe I'm just being nostalgic.

he seems much more______these days. can you give me a brief _____of the plot? a extract b essence c summary d survey 9 We need to get to the cinema early so we can _____ the tickets. a source b origin c beginning d start 8 I have never seen Hamlet.5 My brother has really grown up since leaving home. have you any ______________for shopping? (recommend) 2 The nearest village to my uncle's house is four miles away. 1 I am going to London at Easter. his farm is very______________. a developed b mature c ready d complete 6 Take my______for it. the current building is a______________. (transport) . (isolate) 3 The original building was destroyed in a fire. a idea b point c name d word 7 The Internet is an amazing _____ of information. you'll love the film that's on TV tonight. (reconstruct) 4 I love reading science fiction because you are ______________into a strange and exciting world. a pick on b pick off c pick away d pick up 3 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the word in brackets.

luckily nothing was stolen. 5 Put each verb in brackets into its correct passive form to complete the text. Do you know where I could have got it done? 7 I haven't had my bedroom painted yet as I can't decide what colour I want. (produce) 8 Some of the many islands around the coast of Britain no longer have any______________. (import) Grammar 4 Some of these sentences contain a mistake. the main characters drive around on motorbikes. For centuries. 4 I must have my hair cutting. In areas which we know to be vulnerable. for example. 70 years ago. (settle) 6 Aspirin is very_____________when you have a headache. she lives only five minutes from the underground station. however. Circle the mistakes and correct them on the following line. an area is home to severely endangered wildlife. it 3______________ (protect). 6 I want to have my photo taken for my passport. (inhabit) 9 My friend's house is ideally_________if you want to explore London. (situate) 10 British supermarkets sell a great deal of ______________fruit and vegetables. Tourists do not always take care of the environments they visit: many beaches 4______________ (cover) in rubbish at the end of each day and some coral reefs 5_________ (damage) in recent years by divers and swimmers. 1 I was having my car window broken last night. And as television can bring these places into our homes. It is important that if. more and more of us want to go somewhere different. . people 1______________ (fascinate) by travel to isolated places. it has just started to rain! 3 Where did you get your computer mended? Mine has just broken down. (effect) 7 In the latest modern_____________of Romeo and Juliet.5 There has been a_____________on the River Thames for over 2000 years. These days. 2 You needn't have bothered to have your car washed. 5 Our neighbours are having a new barbecue delivered last week. tourist travel 2______________ (limit). travel by air 6______________(consider) exotic.

Include: • a brief description of the concept / plot • details of the main characters • what you thought of it • why you thought this Test 8 Reading 1 Read the following text about the future of work and match headings a-f to paragraphs 1-6. Staff who would previously have worked in manufacturing are now joining the new service economy and the world of information technology (IT). manufacturing and mining. In the next 15-20 years new technologies will have as great an impact on the way we work as industrial changes in the nineteenth century had on our forefathers. In 2000 it was less than 15%. The economy of the .catching a plane is not unusual. In the early 1890s. and as access to remote areas in recent years 7_______________ (make) easier. 1 _____ Until recently in the UK. we need to ensure that there is something left for them to enjoy. Junior Management might be followed by a spell abroad. Since future generations 8______________(attract) to beautiful places. There is one heading you do not need. Make sure you can survive. a New industries b The benefits for companies c Potential for re-training d The way things were e Improved lifestyles g Not everyone's a winner f Working for yourself A job for life? By 2020 whole careers will be wiped out and new ones created in a wave of technology. 2 _____ The changes have already started. new employees would be sat down by an older colleague and quietly told the likely course of their career over a cup of tea. Writing 6 Write a review (200-250 words) of a book or TV programme. it is even more important that we understand the need to behave responsibly. No longer. an executive position and eventual retirement with a gold watch and pension. about 60% of jobs in the UK fell into three categories: farming.

future will consist of ideas. 4 _______ According to one expert. So one way to ensure your future is to choose a career in an industry likely to boom. British Gas moved 5000 of its service engineers to teleworking in 1996. b. Fewer workers are needed to produce goods and services. 3 ______ The first evidence of these changes is already clear. a exist b survive c live d pursue 2 All the_____in the company decided to write to the manager asking for a pay rise. 6 _______ But while those who move quickly to adapt will see rewards. working through the Internet. engineering and consultancy will be freed from the constraints of time and location. a staff b team c group d body . Robots are starting to have a major impact in the workplace. a. Engineers now keep in touch via laptops and mobile phones. to complete the sentence 1 People who want to succeed in their chosen careers will have to plan carefully in order to______ the changes in the world of work. For workers this should mean less time travelling to work. information and knowledge. or computing. reduction in stress and financial savings. People working in areas such as sales. a better match between work and family. saving office space and increasing efficiency. c or d. According to a manager. enabling the company to close 440 depots and offices. there has been a noticeable increase in efficiency. 5 _______ Employers will gain too. and by 2015 it is estimated that as many as 95% of jobs will require people with IT skills. and selling skills in the marketplace. entertainment. such as engineering. Vocabulary 2 Choose the best answer. 'Flexible working represents the future of work'. more and more people will choose to become self-employed. many fear that there will be a growing gap between those who are technologically literate and those who are not. more leisure time. the 'information rich' and the 'information poor*. In the future.

I would be happy to come and see you before then if necessary. 2 The houses______________as we sped down the street. . her voice______________. and I have taught swimming.. 4 Complete the sentences with one of the phrasal verbs in the correct form. for my next job I'll be able to apply for a post as a sales______. I want to train to be a physical education teacher.3 The company is moving its headquarters to a new _____with better links to the airport a position b location c situation d place 4 I am hoping that if I get enough experience in the sales team. so I am used to living among young people! Last summer I worked as an activities organiser in a summer camp which had children from all 3_____the world and I was told that I had a real aptitude 4_____working with children. I am a university student 2_____three younger brothers. but I'll try and_____it______to ten minutes. at • of • for • by • in • with • to • from • on • around Dear Sir or Madam. 3 When I practised my talk. a knowledgeable b informed c literate d educated 3 Fill in the gaps with these words. a conductor b organiser c controller d manager 5 As many jobs today require people who are computer-_____. When I finish university. I enclose my CV and I look forward 9______hearing 10______you. it only lasted about seven minutes. I'd advise you to do a course to improve your skills.. I will be available in July and August. It is possible that I might be able to work in September as well. and I will be able to tell you for certain 6_____the end of May.'. I am interested 5_____all kinds of sport. I will be going back 7_____university 8_____April 1st. rush by • stretch out • stay in • trail off 1 'I just wish that. I would like to apply for the job 1_____ activities organiser in your summer camps for children.

It won't take long. 3 You look exhausted. He's not expecting me to pick him up but I think I _______________ (go) anyway. He's really looking forward to it. By 2017. You'd better go and wake him. I'll be lying / I'll lie on the beach doing nothing! 2 According to the experts. I'll be writing / I I'll write my essay all day Saturday. 5 Tom______________ (not / go) to the party on Saturday as he isn't feeling well. changes in the weather will threaten / I will be threatening the survival of many birds. the numbers of people travelling by air 5_________ (rise) from 1. 2 After his exams. Write a personal statement (200-250 words) to send to Goodfoods. By 2020. the number of people travelling abroad for business or pleasure 2______________(double). Experts predict that by 2007. 7 Circle the correct future form to complete the sentences. I______________(have) an early night as I think I'm getting a cold. Enthusiasm and interest in healthier lifestyles essential! Would suit students wanting to earn some extra money. 6 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets using willor going to. Millions 4______________(book) holidays via the Internet.I'll go / I'll be going home after this lesson. 1° Would you like to come swimming? • No thanks. 5 I don't feel very well . China 3______________(become) the most popular destination for tourists. Send CV and personal statement. He'll be sleeping / He'll sleep until lunch otherwise! 4 Please don't come round till Sunday. Remember to: . Leo________ (stay) with his grandparents. he's _____________to watch TV. I______________(cook) dinner if you like. Grammar 5 Put the verbs in brackets in the future simple or the future perfect. travel 1______________ (increase). 4 Andrew's just rung from the station to say he's on his way. this time next week. Experts agree that in future. 3 James is on the phone for Mark. 1 Just think.6 billion in 1997 to five billion.4 Michael's too tired to go out tonight. Writing 8 We have vacancies in the Goodfoods chain of health shops for bright energetic staff for a variety of jobs including serving customers and stacking shelves.

speaking into a microphone linked to a loudspeaker in the panda's head. 7 The children had to tell the panda why he had made a mistake. 8 The children were always able to spot an error. two experimenters were involved. was bought into a nursery where children (aged between three and five) were playing. about 75cm tall. Talking pandas How do we know when young children are able to recognise errors in what people say? One ingenious research technique made use of a toy that was able to 'talk'. 5 The children could not see the experimenter who was providing the voice of the panda. 2 The children were shown the panda before the test session. In the laboratory test session. 4 Some of the children did not want to join in the experiment. He wanted the children to come and see him one at a time. They were told this was a very special kind of panda. playing with the various materials. observing the session through a one-way mirror. 6 A bell was used by the experimenters to signal the panda's mistakes. circle five which reflect the content of the text. The other was outside the room. 10 This technique was not successful overall. because he was learning to talk. A toy panda. The children were trained to press a bell when the panda said something they thought was right.• give details of your main interests • give details of your work experience • show how your interests and work experience could relate to the job • describe your character and abilities • use appropriate formal language Test 9 Reading 1 From statements 1-10. and talk to him so his speech would get better. and to press a . 9 This technique helped children behave more naturally. They were all more than willing to help. 1 The study was trying to show the number of mistakes that children make. One stayed in the room with the panda and child. 3 The children were told that the panda wanted to improve its speech. unseen by the children.

if they did not immediately give a reason. and a fifth car was left outside. The panda would also ask the children why he was wrong. The panda then said such sentences as 'all the garages have cars in them' (which was true) and 'all the cars are in the garages' which was false. The main reason for developing this method of carrying out research was to reduce the extent to which a child might be influenced by the presence of an adult. b. a lightens b lights up c highlights d enlightens 5 John's_____to my news was very positive. The children's reaction showed how far they were able to grasp the distinction between the sentences. It was a truly_____achievement. Vocabulary 2 Choose the best answer. . a conclusion b final c completion d outcome 3 When I was at school we had to learn a poem each week and then______it from memory. or overawed by an artificial test situation. a.the technique proved to be a very good way of testing sentence comprehension and conversational skills. it is important when you get to the end to have a strong______ . 1 My cousin finished the London Marathon even though the weather was terrible and he had hurt his ankle.buzzer when he was wrong. c or d. he really seemed pleased for me. a recount b recite c rehearse d relate 4 This research_____the importance of motivating students. to complete the sentences. The children adapted to the situation enthusiastically . for example. a small car was placed in each of the four small garages. a elevated b phenomenal c winning d superior 2 If you are going to give a talk. In one of the comprehension studies.

a majority b maximum c highest d most 3 Complete the sentences with the correct form of these phrasal verbs. (develop) 5 I am quite frightened of my neighbour's dog. 2 Last year the school______________new safety regulations. 5 Ally keeps__________ going to the dentist because she hates it so much. put off • take in • work out • bring in • take up • take back 1 After the summer I am going______________tennis .I've always wanted to play. (explain) 2 Some people think it is more difficult to ______________things as one gets older. 3 My father still hasn't______________how to programme the video. 1 I would like an _____________for why you are late again. I was completely wrong about her. it was difficult ______________so many pictures. (invent) . (memory) 3 The results of the scientists'______________of the monkeys' behaviour is very interesting. (analyse) 4 Scientists predict major_____________ in space travel in the next decade. 4 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the word in brackets. 4 I______________what I said about Jane. 6 We only had an hour at the exhibition.a answer b reply c feedback d reaction 6 The_____of students in my year want to go to university. (aggression) 6 It is hard to imagine what life was like before the ______________of the telephone. He seems very______________to me.

you/ have to stantfin a queue. I ______________ (bring) my sunhat. she / buy you a present. __________________________________________ 4 If only I (telephone) Rebecca last night. I decided to go along as well. I / win the tennis match. we could have gone to the cinema. (enthusiasm) Grammar 5 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verb in brackets. 1 If I had known how hot it was going to be. (might) __________________________________________ 3 If I hadn't been so tired. 2 I would have stayed at home yesterday evening if I ______________(not / have) an unexpected invitation. 1 If Jane had known it was your birthday. I would have caught the train. (education) 8 My friend was so___________ about her dance class. (would) __________________________________________ 2 My brother / get a job on a newspaper. (might) __________________________________________ 7 Complete the sentences using the third conditional. 1 If only I (not / wake up) so late. . I might have done better in the test.7 The bookshop sells______________books. if he hadn't sent his application in late. __________________________________________ 3 If only Anna (not / forget) her wallet. __________________________________________ 5 I wish I (not / spend) so much money on holiday! __________________________________________ 6 Complete the other halves of these sentences using the modal verbs in brackets. __________________________________________ 2 I wish I (listen) to the lecture. (would / not) __________________________________________ 5 Sue / marry Angus if she hadn't met Jim. I would have heard the news sooner. (could) __________________________________________ 4 If you'd left the house earlier. CDs and videos.

Include: • ages of compulsory schooling • different types of secondary school • range of subjects studied • foreign languages studied • exams taken Test 10 Reading 1 Read the text and decide whether these statements are true or false. 1 The woman in the coffee shop approached Sally's friend first. At first I thought it was a joke. I had got up late. 5 Sally's mother thinks she shouldn't do any modelling for the next two years. to send to students in other European countries. and said to me she was from this modelling agency. 4 If I ______________ (realise) she was on her own tonight. and was wearing jeans and a sloppy jersey and hadn't even washed my hair! Anyway. Writing 8 You have been asked to write a report (200-250 words) on the educational system in your country. my dad came with me to the agency and they took loads of photos. and there was this woman who was looking at us. Sally's dilemma 'My problem might not seem like a problem. I would have asked her to the party.3 If Rob had known how hard the training was. and she would like me to go and see them. but it is. 3 The agency have said that they might not be able to employ Sally in two years. 4 Sally's father thinks it would be good if she can save now for the future. I've just been offered a modelling contract in London! I was having a coffee at my local shopping centre with my best friend Lisa. 2 Sally's teachers don't think modelling is a suitable career. Then she came up to our table. because I wasn't dressed up or anything. 5 Jane wouldn't have gone to music school if her teacher ______________(not / encourage) her. 6 Sally's grandmother doesn't want to listen to any more discussions. and . he ______________(not /enter) for the race. Write T or F in each box.

6 My mother says that parents have to__________of their children once they are grown up. 4 Have you seen the notice about going camping? The trip won't take place unless enough people___________ for it. 2 Liz's miserable because last night she___________ with her boyfriend. But I think that if I don't take this opportunity now. My dad is all for it. 3 Match the words in 1-6 to the meanings in a-f. I've got to see him after school. 1 flee 2 awesome 3 deport 4 clean-cut 5 discharge 6 heiress a send out or away b neat and respectable c a woman who has or who will inherit money . 5 My little sister looked very smart for her first day at school. The problem is that my teachers at school think I ought to stay on and take my exams before I accept the offer so I've got some choices for the future if this doesn't work out. he says I can put by some capital and I can worry about exams later on. My gran who lives with us says she's fed up with us all going on about it. I can't please everyone. and I don't know what to do!' Vocabulary 2 Complete the sentences with the correct forms of these phrasal verbs. But my mum says that I should stay at school for another two years. results with me. she___________in her new school uniform. So it would be a big risk to delay. kit out • sign up • let go • split up • talk over • get out of 1 I think watching motor racing on TV is really boring. they said they couldn't give any guarantees about a future with them if I didn't start now. And he has spoken to the agency who say that they will take care of me and all that. The other problem is my parents. it may not happen again. When I asked the agency. maybe do a little modelling in the holidays and then see how I feel after I have taken my exams. I can't see what you__________ it. 3 My teacher says he wants___________ my exam.now they've offered me a contract. so he's happy.

They made me throw it all away. as I was carrying fresh food. b or c. a accepted b allowed c agreed d admitted 3 Glen was_______ of the company's financial problems. a impeded b confined c restrained d detained 5 Simon says he ________ giving up studying French in school. ' __________________________. a innocent b ignorant c untaught d untrained 4 I was_______by officials at the airport. to complete the sentences. 4 The waitress told us that she'd bring our coffees to our table. as now he has been offered a job in France.' the museum guide told the visitors.what a _______of luck! a touch b stroke c point d patch Grammar 5 Change these reported sentences to direct speech. a. a enquired b explored c searched d requested 2 Nick_______that he had fallen asleep and not done the shopping. 1 The passenger_______what time the train would arrive.d run away e amazing f force somebody to leave a country 4 Choose the best answer. a remorseful b repentant c resentful d revengeful 7 I've won £100 on the Lottery . '___________________________. 1 Mary asked Sarah if she had finished her packing yet.' said my father. a mourns b upsets c misses d regrets 6 Sarah felt ______ that she wasn't picked for the basketball team as she's a very good player. '___________________________?' Mary asked Sarah. 2 My father told me I had to tidy my room before lunch. 3 The museum guide told the visitors not to touch the objects. . otherwise he wouldn't have agreed to take the job with them.

Emma told me that Tom______________ in the garden all morning. Sylvia said that on Monday she _______________for the company for ten years. links words and adverb clauses to shorten or combine information • don't add your own personal views . 1 What time is lunch? Can you tell me________________________ .' the man said. . adverbs.' said Sylvia. 'Sally's dilemma is that ..' the travel agent told Chris. 4 Where do students usually work in their summer holidays? Someone asked_________________________. Janet said that she______________ for lunch. 5 The travel agent told Chris that he was trying very hard to get tickets for him. Sally replied that Lucy and her friend______________on Tuesday. 1 'I won't stop for lunch. 7 Report these statements using the verb in the correct form.' said Janet. 3 'Lucy and her friend will come on Tuesday. 5 'I will have been working for the company for ten years on Monday. Start your summary. 3 What kind of food does Lee like? I wonder _____________________________. The man said that the tickets_______________ for the concert. Remember: • rephrase the text using your own words as far as possible • use adjectives.'___________________________. '____________________________. 2 'Tom has been working in the garden all morning. Writing 8 Look at the text in Task 1 on the previous page again. 5 How much does a new car cost? I'd like to know________________________ . 4 'The tickets are sold out for the concert..'said the waitress. 2 Where does the US President live? Someone enquired ______________________ .' said Emma. 6 Rewrite these questions. Write a summary (120-150 words) of the most important points in the text.' replied Sally.

'Not everybody gets it right the first time. nothing more and nothing less. he broke his leg skateboarding in a Safeway car park a couple of years ago. b. the best times were when it wasn't fashionable. legend has it.apparently contradictory . 'Not very good. Just me and my friends skateboarding while you lot were at work. lie in the long hot summer of 1976. 'You might need a lot of attempts. but there are two aspects . nothing. are they?' I was inclined to agree.Achievement Test 2 Reading 1 Read the text and choose the best answer. are impressive. The other is the way it has been taken up by a new generation who have been sold an image of street credibility through music videos and computer games. Alan Glass bemoans the way it has become cool again. passers-by take in the view of the Thames on this bright summer's afternoon. Even with the guys you see on MTV doing incredible jumps. 'For me and my friends. These skateboarders are dedicated guys. to questions 1-5. a group of skateboarders are practising their manoeuvres while. b not very skilful. c or d. One is the degree to which skateboarding has developed into a way of reacting against government policies: it has allied itself with the forces of urban protest and with a youth culture that has succeeded in retaining some of the spontaneity and integrity of the sport in the face of growing commercial interest.of the latest craze for it that are significantly new. blissfully unaware that we were out there. no awful boy bands posing with boards on the cover of magazines.' Skateboarding's roots in the UK. a few feet away. But there are many more misses than hits. It's been in and out of fashion ever since. and when I heard one onlooker mutter. c frequently unsuccessful.. d always spectacular.' he explained. when it was a kid's toy. a. who was making a video of the action for a skateboarding company. The return of skateboarding By the Royal Festival Hall on London's South Bank. And to give you an idea of Alan's credentials. At 24. 2 What does Alan Glass say about the MTV skateboarders? . with more than half a lifetime of skateboarding behind him. And the spins and leaps. No embarrassing adverts on TV. Then I was corrected by Alan Glass. 'How uncool is that?' 1 The manoeuvres of the South Bank skateboarders are a incredibly slow. you have to remember all the misses that have been edited out. when they succeed.' So speaks a true fan.

c Their first jump is usually successful. d It is an entirely commercial activity. d He dislikes the media image of skateboarders. . 4 In what way is skateboarding changing. according to the text? a It has little appeal for urban demonstrators. b It was popular in hot climates. c It was an immediate success with teenagers. b It is no longer a spontaneous movement. so you must be prepared to ______________your rights if they do not keep to the agreement. b He enjoy the attention being given to the sport. b Their unsuccessful jumps are not shown.a Their jumps are computer-generated. 3 It was getting dark so we decided to______________ the nearest village and find somewhere to stay. 5 How does Alan feel about the changes? a He feels older than other skateboarders. c It has become linked to political issues. 3 What do we learn about the skateboard? a It was originally used by younger children. d Their most dangerous jumps do not appear. c He prefers skateboarding in a livelier environment. d It has been continuously popular since the 1970s. 2 You signed a contract. make for • look into • draw into • give away • move in • stand up for • move on 1 What they were saying was so interesting that I was ______________ their conversation. Vocabulary 2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of these phrasal verbs.

she has not contacted me since our holiday! 5 After he failed to obey an order. Sam was demoted _____________ a lower rank in the . a unfit b inadequate c incompetent d uneven 6 You are very______ if you think everything that you read about famous pop stars is true. a ingenious b knowing c discerning d sensitive 5 That meat is______for human consumption. 1 It will be easier to wash your muddy trousers if you leave them to______in water first. at. 3 I was so embarrassed when I spilt coffee all over the tablecloth. 6 I won't bother reading that detective story now that you have______________ the ending! 7 So you'd like to rent the spare room in our flat? Great! When can you______________? 3 Choose the best answer. 4 I am really looking forward to hearing______________ Sue. c or d. a dispatched b dismissed c discharged d deported 3 It was not until Sue left home that she realised the importance of close family______ . you will be______ . b. of. or beneath. a. 2 Be careful not to discuss Mark's surprise party if he is ______________earshot.4 After an unhappy time in his first job. 1 The lesson consisted______________ a listening text and then some comprehension questions. and they would _____________it immediately. to complete the sentences. to. Dave decided it was time to______________and try something different. a ties b ropes c cords d strings 4 A really ______ collector of modern art will appreciate the importance of these paintings. a drown b soak c moisten d bathe 2 If you are caught coming into the country as an illegal immigrant. I just wanted the ground to open up ______________me. from. 5 The bank said they were sorry that there had been a problem with my account. a believable b gullible c trustworthy d faithful 4 Fill in the gaps with within.

I ______________(catch) tonight's post. Now they won't arrive until after the weekend. He ______________(just / buy) it. near London Bridge in 1666. 5 It is estimated that after it is re-opened. with the correct form of the verb in brackets. he must have thought it was another bird. needn't have. Grammar 5 Fill in the gaps using can't have. He ______________(get back) yet. 1 The Great Fire of London is known _____________ (start) in Pudding Lane. 4 I feel really bad about arriving late. 3 Trafalgar Square looks much better now that some of the buildings____________ (clean). 2 I've tried phoning Jim but there's no answer. 7 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the third conditional. 3 I _____________ (go) to the disco if I ____________(finish) my work. I (miss) the bus. 3 I've never seen Mike in that jacket before. 4 People______________ (not / allow) to sell food for the pigeons in Trafalgar Square any more. I know I ______________(ring) and let them know. 2 Paul ______________(be) so angry if you _____________ (tell) him earlier about breaking his stereo. ought to have or could have. 6 Complete these sentences using the passive form of the verb in brackets. 6 The caged bird pecked _______________his reflection in the mirror. 5 I______________(run) all the way to the station. .army. 1 If I _____________ (wake up) so late. The train was ten minutes late. 2 The waxworks in Madame Tussaud's____________ (visit) by over two million people a year. 1 If you had finished writing the invitations. the Millennium Bridge______________(use) by 4 million people to cross the Thames each year. must have.